Epson FX-890N Product information guide

PRODUCT INFORMATION GUIDE
EPSON
UPDATE
6/11/03
This package provides a new dot matrix printer product section to be added to the EPSON Product Information
Guide. The table of contents of this section is listed below.
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
TABLE OF CONTENTS
User Replaceable Parts...................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 1
Options ............................................................................................................ EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 1
Printer Specifications........................................................................................ EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 2
Control Panel Buttons and Lights .................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 7
Error Indicators ................................................................................................ EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 8
Selecting a Font and Pitch ................................................................................ EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 8
Selecting a Paper Source ................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 9
Setting the Paper Release Lever......................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 10
Adjusting the Paper-Thickness Setting ............................................................. EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 10
Using the Micro Adjust Function ..................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 11
Loading Special Papers ..................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 12
Switching Paper Types ..................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 13
Clearing Paper Jams ......................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 14
Changing the Default Settings.......................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 14
Emulating the Okidata Microline 320/321 Turbo............................................ EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 15
Locking the Control Panel Buttons .................................................................. EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 16
Aligning Vertical Lines in Your Printout .......................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 16
Printing a Self Test ........................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 17
Printing a Hex Dump....................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 17
Resetting the Printer......................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 17
Cleaning the Printer ......................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 18
Transporting the Printer................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 18
Related Documentation.................................................................................... EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 18
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Paper guide
User Replaceable Parts
Edge guides
Paper guide cover
The table below lists the user replaceable parts for the FX-890.
The parts for the FX-2190 will be added when they are
available.
Printer cover
FX-890
Paper release
lever
Front cover
Control panel
Power switch
Ribbon cartridge
Reference
number
User replaceable
part
Parts price list
name
107
Front cover
Cover assembly,
front
1261493
108
Knob
Knob
1234171
120
Logo plate
Logo plate
1242638
115
Optional interface
cover
Upper connector
cover
1236524
106
Paper guide
Sheet guide
assembly, rear
1254860
121
Paper thickness
lever cap
Lever cap
1242257
104
Printer cover
Cover assembly,
printer
1261494
Ribbon cartridge
Ribbon cartridge
S015329
541
Tractor
Tractor assembly
1254859
105
Rear wing
Wing
1235796
101
Rubber foot
Foot
1004605
Paper thickness lever
Paper tension unit
Part number
Options
AC inlet
Paper Handling Options
High-capacity cut-sheet feeder (C806381 for FX-890,
C806401 for FX-2190)
Sprockets
Knob
Feeds up to 150 sheets of paper or 25 plain bond envelopes
into the printer without reloading. You can load single
sheets, single-sheet multi-part forms, or envelopes.
Optional
interface cover
USB interface
Parallel interface
Single-bin cut-sheet feeder (C806371 for FX-890,
C806391 for FX-2190)
Feeds up to 50 sheets of paper into the printer without
reloading. Load only ordinary single sheets in this feeder.
Pull tractor unit (C800201 for FX-890,
C800211 for FX-2190)
Use the additional tractor in the pull position along with
your standard tractor installed in the front or rear push
position to improve paper handling and reduce the chance
of paper jams. This setup is especially useful with
continuous multi-part forms.
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 1
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Roll paper holder (8310)
Printer Specifications
Allows you to use your printer with 8.5-inch roll paper.
Front sheet guide (C814001 for FX-890,
C814011 for FX-2190)
Mechanical
Allows you to load single sheets and carbonless single-sheet
multi-part forms of up to 6 parts.
Printing method
9-pin impact dot matrix
Printing speed
Ultra speed draft
566 cps at 10 cpi
680 cps at 12 cpi
Front paper guide (C814021 for FX-890,
C814031 for FX-2190)
High-speed draft
559 cps at 10 cpi
627 cps at 12 cpi
Allows you to load single sheets and carbonless single-sheet
multi-part forms of up to 6 parts without removing the
tractor from the front push position.
Draft
419 cps at 10 cpi
503 cps at 12 cpi
Optional Interface Cards
You can install an optional interface card to supplement your
printer’s built-in USB and parallel interfaces and provide added
network compatibility. The EPSON interface cards in the table
below are compatible with your printer.
Card type
Model number
Serial interface
C823051
32 KB intelligent serial interface
C823071
Coax interface
C823141
Twinax interface
C823151
IEEE-1284 parallel interface
C823452
EpsonNet 10/100 Base TX Internal Print Server
C12C823912
Near letter quality
104 cps at 10 cpi
125 cps at 12 cpi
Note: Other network interface cards (such as the C823622A,
C823632A, and C823642A) are also supported on this printer. Check
with EPSON for more information.
Printing direction
Bidirectional logic seeking for text and
graphics printing. Unidirectional text or
graphics printing can be selected using
software commands.
Line spacing
1/6-inch or programmable in
1/432-inch increments
Printable columns
FX-890: 80 columns (at 10 cpi)
FX-2190: 136 columns (at 10 cpi)
Resolution
240 × 144 dpi (near letter quality)
Paper feed
methods
Friction (front, rear)
Push tractor (front, rear)
Pull tractor (front, bottom, rear)
Push and pull tractor (front, rear);
additional tractor is required
Cut-sheet feeders (optional)
Roll paper holder (optional)
Paper feed speed
Normal mode:
1/6-inch (4.23 mm) feed, 62 msec;
Continuous: 5 inches (127 mm)/
second
Copy mode:
1/6-inch (4.23 mm) feed, 83 msec;
Continuous: 3.1 inches (78 mm)/
second;
2 - EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Paper capacity
Electronic
Single-bin cut-sheet feeder
up to 50 sheets of 22 lb (82 g/m²) paper
Interfaces
One standard bidirectional 8-bit parallel
interface with IEEE 1284 nibble mode
support, one USB (ver 1.1) interface, and
one optional Type B interface slot
Buffer
128KB
Built-in fonts
Bitmap fonts:
EPSON Draft 10, 12, 15, 17, 20 cpi
EPSON Roman 10, 12, 15 , 17, 20 cpi,
proportional
EPSON Sans Serif 10, 12, 15, 17, 20 cpi,
proportional
Note: The total thickness of the paper stack
can be up to 0.20 inch (5 mm).
High-capacity cut-sheet feeder
up to 150 sheets of 22 lb (82 g/m²)
paper
up to 25 plain or bond envelopes
up to 30 airmail envelopes
Note: The total thickness of the paper stack
can be up to 0.59 inch (15 mm).
Reliability
Total print volume
52 million lines (except print head)
Bar code fonts:
EAN-13, EAN-8, Interleaved 2 of 5,
UPC-A, UPC-E, Code 39, Code 128,
POSTNET, Coda bar (NW-7),
Industrial 2 of 5, Matrix 2 of 5
MTBF
20,000 POH (25% duty)
Print head life
400 million strokes per wire;
approximately 400 million characters
(Draft, 10 cpi, 14 dots/character)
Character tables
Acoustic noise
Approx. 55 dB (A) (ISO 7779 pattern)
Character sets
Dimensions and
weight
Height
6.6 inches (167.5 mm)
NLSP version: 42 character tables
13 international character sets
Electrical
Width
FX-890: 16.3 inches (414 mm)
FX-2190: 23.2 inches (589 mm)
Depth
13.8 inches (350 mm)
Weight
FX-890: 16.8 lb (7.6 kg)
FX-2190: 21.7 lb (9.6 kg)
Ribbon
Standard version: 13 character tables
Black ribbon cartridge
FX-890: S015329
FX-2190: S015327
Ribbon life *
FX-890: approx. 7.5 million characters
FX-2190: approx. 12 million characters
120 V
220 to 240 V
Universal
(UPS)
Rated voltage
range
120 V
220 to 240 V
100 to 240 V
Input voltage
range
103.5 to 132 V
198 to 264 V
90 to 264 V
Rated
frequency
range
50 to 60 Hz
Input
frequency
range
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
Rated current
1.1 A (maximum
2.5 A depending
on the character
type)
Power
consumption
Approx. 40W (ISO/IEC 10561 letter
pattern)
* (Draft, 10 cpi, 14 dots/character)
System Compatibility
The printer supports the following versions of Microsoft
Windows:
0.6 A (maximum
1.3 A depending
on the character
type)
1.1 A/ 0.5 A,
3.0 A/1.2A
maximum
depending on
the character
type
Approx. 56W
(ISO/IEC 10561
letter pattern)
❏ Windows 95 and NT 4.0: parallel interface only.
❏ Windows 98*, Me, 2000, XP: parallel and USB interfaces.
* If you are using the USB interface, the printer requires the
Se version of Windows 98.
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 3
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Environmental
Single-sheet multipart forms (for the optional front
sheet or front paper guide only):
Humidity (without
condensation)
Minimum
Maximum
Width
(inch)
(mm)
3.9
100
FX-890:
10.1
257
FX-2190:
16.5
420
Length
((inch)
(mm)
3.9
100
14.3
364
16.5
420
Copies
1 original + 5 copies
Paper
Total thickness
(inch)
(mm)
0.0047
0.12
0.018
0.46
Use recycled paper, multipart paper, labels, envelopes, and roll
paper only under normal temperature and humidity conditions,
as follows:
Weight per sheet of
multipart
(lb)
(g/m²)
12
40
15
58
Temperature
Operation (plain
paper)
41 to 95 °F (5 to 35 °C)
10 to 80% RH
Operation
59 to 77 °F (15 to 25 °C)
(recycled paper,
envelopes, labels
or roll paper)
30 to 60% RH
Storage
0 to 85% RH
–22 to 140 °F (–30 to 60 °C)
Quality
Temperature
Humidity
59 to 77 °F (15 to 25 °C)
30 to 60% RH
Continuous paper (ordinary and multipart):
Do not load paper that has been folded or is damaged,
wrinkled, or curled.
Single sheets, front or rear entry
Minimum
Maximum
Width*
(inch)
(mm)
3.9
100
FX-890:
10.1
257
Length**
(inch)
(mm)
3.9
100
14.3
364
Thickness***
(inch)
(mm)
0.0025
0.065
0.0055
0.14
Weight
(lb)
(g/m²)
14
52
24
90
Quality
Plain paper and recycled paper
Carbonless multipart forms with a line of glue at
the top or one side of the form
FX-2190:
16.5
420
* 7.2 to 8.5 inches (182 to 216 mm) using the optional cut-sheet
feeder for FX-890.
7.2 to 16.5 inches (182 to 420 mm) using the optional cut-sheet
feeder for FX-2190.
Minimum
Maximum
Width
(inch)
(mm)
4.0
101.6
FX-890:
10.0
254.0
Length, one page
(inch)
(mm)
4.0
101.6
22.0
558.8
Copies
1 original + 5 copies
Total thickness
(inch)
(mm)
0.0025
0.065
0.018
0.46
Weight, ordinary
paper
(lb)
(g/m²)
14
52
22
82
Weight per sheet of
multipart
(lb)
(g/m²)
12
40
15
58
Quality
FX-2190:
16.0
406.4
Plain paper, recycled paper, and carbonless
multipart forms with point gluing or paper
stapling on both sides
** 8.3 to 14.3 inches (210 to 364 mm) using the optional cut-sheet
feeder.
Do not load thick paper, such as multipart forms with five or six
parts, in the rear slot.
***0.0028 to 0.0055 inch (0.07 to 0.14 mm) using the optional
cut-sheet feeder.
The ratio of the cut/uncut length at the perforation should be
between 3:1 and 5:1.
The thickness of the perforation part when extended should be
1 mm or less.
The perforation between pages should not extend all the way to
the edges of the paper. Uncut length on the edges should be
1 mm or more.
The horizontal and vertical perforation cuts should not cross.
4 - EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Continuous labels (front and bottom entry only):
Envelopes (rear entry only):
Use only labels mounted on continuous backing sheets.
Minimum
Minimum
Envelope size
(No. 6)
Maximum
Label size
See the figure below.
Width, backing sheet
(inch)
(mm)
4.0
101.6
FX-890:
10.0
254.0
Length, backing sheet
(inch)
(mm)
4.0
101.6
22.0
558.8
Thickness, backing sheet
(inch)
(mm)
0.0028
0.07
0.0035
0.09
Total thickness
(inch)
(mm)
0.0063
0.16
0.0075
0.19
Label weight
(lb)
(g/m²)
17
64
Quality
Plain paper
FX-2190:
16.0
406.4
Envelope size
(No. 10)
Total thickness
(inch)
(mm)
Width
(inch)
(mm)
6.5
165
Length
(inch)
(mm)
3.6
92
Width
(inch)
(mm)
9.5
241
Length
(inch)
(mm)
4.1
105
Maximum
0.0063
0.16
0.0205
0.52
Differences in thickness within the
printable area must be less than
0.0098 inch (0.25 mm)
Weight
(lb)
(g/m²)
Quality
12
45
24
90
Bond envelopes, plain envelopes, and
airmail envelopes without glue on the flap
Roll paper (rear entry with optional roll paper
holder only):
Minimum
A 2.5 inches (63.5 mm) minimum
Width
(inch)
(mm)
B 15/16 inch (23.8 mm) minimum
C Corner radius = 0.1 inch (2.5 mm) minimum
Length
(inch)
(mm)
6/03
Maximum
8.5
216
——
Thickness
(inch)
(mm)
0.0028
0.07
0.0035
0.09
Weight
(lb)
(g/m²)
14
52
22
82
Quality
Plain paper
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 5
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Printable Area
Envelopes
Single sheets
A The minimum top and
bottom margins are
0.17 inch (4.2 mm).
B The minimum left and right
margins are 0.12 inch
(3 mm).
Roll paper
A The minimum top and
bottom margins are
0.17 inch (4.2 mm).
A The minimum top and bottom margins are 0.2 inch (4.2 mm).
B The minimum left and right
margins are 0.12 inch
(3 mm). The maximum
printable width is
8.0 inches (203.2 mm).
B FX-890:
The minimum left and right margins are 0.1 inch (3 mm).
The maximum printable width is 8.0 inches (203.2 mm).
FX-2190:
The minimum left and right margins are 0.1 inch (3 mm).
The maximum printable width is 13.6 inches (345.4 mm). For
paper wider than 8.2 inches (209.2 mm), the side margins
increase to match the width of the paper.
Standards and Approvals
Continuous paper
120 V (US model)
Safety standards
UL 1950
CSA C22.2 No. 950
EMI
FCC part 15 subpart B class B
CSA C108.8 class B
230 V (European model)
Safety standard
EN 60950
A The minimum top and bottom margins above and below the
perforation are 0.17 inch (4.2 mm).
EMI
B FX-890:
The minimum left and right margins are 0.51 inch (13 mm).
The maximum printable width is 8.0 inches (203.2 mm). For paper
wider than 9.0 inches (229.2 mm), the side margins increase to
match the width of the paper.
Universal (UPS) model
Safety standards
UL 1950
CSA C22.2 No. 950
EN 60950
FX-2190:
The minimum left and right margins are 0.51 inch (13 mm).
The maximum printable width is 13.9 inches (351.8 mm). For
paper wider than 14.9 inches (377.8 mm), the side margins
increase to match the width of the paper.
6 - EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
EN 55022 (CISPR pub. 22) class B
AS/NZS 3548 class B
EMI
6/03
FCC part 15 subpart B class B
CSA C108.8 class B
EN 55022 (CISPR pub. 22) class B
AS/NZS 3548 class B
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
9
Control Panel Buttons and Lights
LF/FF button
Feeds paper line by line when pressed
quickly.
Ejects a single sheet or advances continuous
paper to the next top-of-form position when
held down.
10
Pause light
On when the printer is paused.
Flashes when the printer is in Micro Adjust
mode.
11
Pause button
Stops printing temporarily, and resumes
printing when pressed again.
When held down for three seconds, enters
the Micro Adjust mode. When pressed again,
exits the Micro Adjust mode.
Button/Light
Function
1
Font button
Selects one of the fonts. See “Selecting a
Font and Pitch” on page 8.
Font lights
Indicate which font is selected.
2
Reset
When you press both the Font and Pitch
buttons simultaneously, the printer clears the
buffer and restores its default settings.
3
Pitch button
Selects one of the pitch settings. See
“Selecting a Font and Pitch” on page 8.
Pitch lights
Indicate which pitch is selected.
Tear Off/Bin
button
Feeds continuous paper forward to the
tear-off position.
4
12
Lock function
The table below summarizes the power-on functions available
through the control panel. To perform the function on the
right, hold down the button(s) on the left while you turn on the
printer.
Both flash when continuous paper is in the
tear-off position.
Both off when continuous paper is not in the
tear-off position or when bin 1 of the optional
cut-sheet feeder is selected.
Left light is on when Card mode is selected.
Right light is on when bin 2 of the optional
cut-sheet feeder is selected.
6
7
Menu
Set
When Lock-out mode is on, the Paper Out
and Pause lights flash if a locked button is
pressed. See the Reference Guide for more
information.
Power-on Functions
Selects a cut-sheet feeder bin when the
cut-sheet feeder is installed.
5
On when no paper is loaded in the selected
paper source or paper is not loaded correctly.
Flashes when paper has not been fully
ejected or paper is jammed.
Feeds continuous paper backward from the
tear-off position to the top-of-form position.
Tear Off/Bin
lights
Paper Out light
When you press the Pitch and Tear Off/Bin
buttons at the same time, the printer enters
the default setting mode. See “Changing the
Default Settings” on page 14.
In default setting mode, you can press the
Tear Off/Bin button to select a value.
Load/Eject button Loads a single sheet of paper.
Ejects a single sheet of paper.
Loads continuous paper from the standby
position.
Control panel button
Function
Load/Eject
NLQ self test
LF/FF
Draft self test
Load/Eject + LF/FF
Data (Hex) dump
Load/Eject + LF/FF + Pause
EEPROM reset
Pause
Bidirectional adjustment mode
Load/Eject + Pause
Control panel Lock-out mode (on/off)
LF/FF + Pause
Default settings for control panel
Lock-out mode
Font + Pitch
Quiet mode
Pitch + Pause
Copy mode
Font + Tear Off/Bin
Default setting, simple mode
Tear Off/Bin + Pause
Okidata ML 320T/321T mode
Tear Off/Bin + Load/Eject
Reset the Driving Line count for ribbon
change timing
Font + Pitch + Tear Off/Bin
Program reload mode
Feeds continuous paper backward to the
standby position if a sheet is loaded.
8
Micro Adjust
When you hold down the Pause button for
three seconds, the printer enters the Micro
Adjust mode. In this mode, you can press the
LF/FF D and Load/Eject U buttons to adjust
the top-of-form or tear-off position. See
“Using the Micro Adjust Function” on
page 11.
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 7
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Error Indicators
Selecting a Font and Pitch
If the printer stops working and one or more control panel
lights are on or flashing, or the printer beeps, use the following
table to diagnose and fix the problem.
Usually, you use your application program to select the font and
pitch you want to use in a document. However, you can select
one of the printer’s five fonts (in different pitches) with the
buttons on the printer’s control panel, as described below.
Light status
Beep
pattern
Note: Settings you make in application programs usually override
settings you make from the printer’s control panel. For best results,
use your application to select a font and make other settings.
Problem
Solution
O Paper Out
O Pause
•••
No paper is loaded in the selected
paper source.
The available pitch depends on the font you select. See the table
below for more information.
Load paper in the printer or select a
different paper source; the Paper Out
light goes off. Then press the Pause
button; the Pause light goes off and
the printer starts printing.
•••
O Pause
•••
Font
Pitch
USD
10, 12
The paper is not loaded correctly.
HSD
10, 12, 15, 17, 20
Remove your paper and reload it
correctly. See the Reference Guide.
Draft
10, 12, 15, 17, 20
Roman
10, 12, 15, 17, 20, PS
The paper release lever is set to the
wrong position.
Sans Serif
10, 12, 15, 17, 20, PS
Set the paper release lever to the
position for the paper source you want
to use. If paper from another paper
source is currently in the paper path,
press the Load/Eject button to eject
the paper; then move the paper
release lever to the desired position.
O Paper Out
O Pause
•••
•••
1. Make sure that the printer is not printing. If it is, press the
Pause button to stop printing.
2. Press the Font button until the three Font lights indicate
the desired font as shown below.
A single sheet of paper is not fully
ejected.
N N O
USD
N O N
HSD
Press the Load/Eject button to eject
the sheet.
N O O
Draft
O N N
Roman
O N O
Sans Serif
Continuous paper is not fed to the
standby position.
Tear off the printed page at the
perforation; then press Load/Eject to
feed the paper to the standby position.
•••
O=On, N=Off
3. Press the Pitch button until the three Pitch lights indicate
the desired pitch as shown below.
Paper is jammed in the printer.
To clear the paper jam, see page 14.
O Pause
—
The print head is overheated.
Wait a few minutes; the printer
resumes printing automatically once
the print head cools.
O Paper Out
O Pause
O O Tear Off/Bin
O O O Font light
O O O Pitch light
•••••
An unknown or fatal printer error has
occurred.
Turn off the printer and leave it off for
several minutes; then turn on the
printer again.
N N O
10 cpi
N O N
12 cpi
N O O
15 cpi
O N N
17 cpi
O N O
20 cpi
O O O
PS
O=On, N=Off
O = on, O = flashing
••• = three beeps, ••••• = five beeps
8 - EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Pull Tractor Position
Selecting a Paper Source
The pull tractor allows you to load continuous paper from the
front, rear or bottom of the printer. However, you cannot use
the tear-off feature when the tractor is in the pull position.
Paper can be fed into the printer from the top, front, bottom, or
rear. Select the paper source that best suits your current printing
needs.
To use the tractor in the pull position, you can remove the
tractor from the rear push position and reinstall it in the pull
position, or you can purchase the optional pull tractor unit
(C800201 for the FX-890 or C800211 for the FX-2190) and
install it in the pull position.
Push Tractor Positions
There are two push tractor positions: front and rear. The tractor
is installed in the rear push position when the printer is shipped.
Tractor position
You can use the front, bottom, or rear paper slot with the pull
tractor.
Description
Load paper from the front slot.
Paper slot
front push
Description
If you print on thick paper such as multipart
forms, use the front paper slot because this
paper path is almost straight. This reduces
the chances of paper jams.
If you print on thick paper such as multipart
forms or continuous paper with labels, use
the front paper slot because this paper path
is nearly straight. This reduces the chances
of paper jams.
Load paper from the rear slot.
front
rear push
Do not load continuous paper with labels
from the rear slot. Labels require a straight
paper path; otherwise they may come off
their backing sheets inside the printer and
cause a paper jam.
The bottom paper slot has the straightest
paper path, so it is the best slot to use when
printing on thick paper, such as multipart
forms or continuous paper with labels.
The rear slot is also not recommended when
your multipart forms have 5 or 6 parts
(1 original plus 4 or 5 copies), because paper
might jam.
bottom
rear
When loading paper from the bottom slot,
be sure to use a printer stand with an
opening large enough for the paper to feed
through it without obstruction.
If the front or bottom paper slot is
unavailable, you can also load ordinary
continuous paper from the rear slot. Please
note that loading paper from the rear slot
results in a curved paper path, which may
affect loading performance, so use the front
or bottom slot whenever possible.
Caution: Do not load continuous paper with
labels from the rear slot. The labels may
come off the backing sheets inside the
printer and cause a paper jam.
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 9
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Setting the Paper Release Lever
Adjusting the Paper-Thickness Setting
Set the paper release lever to indicate the paper source you want
to use, as described in the table below.
First turn off the printer and open the printer cover. Then set
the paper-thickness setting for the type of paper you are using.
(See the table below.)
Lever position
Description
Single-sheet position
For loading single-sheet paper from the top or front
slot.
Front push tractor position
For loading continuous paper with the tractor
installed in the front push position or when using
the front push and pull tractors in combination.
Rear push tractor position
For loading continuous paper with the tractor
installed in the rear push position or when using
the rear push and pull tractors in combination.
Pull tractor position
For loading continuous paper from the tractor
installed on top of the printer in the pull position.
You can load paper in the front, rear, or bottom
slot.
10 - EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Paper type
Lever position
Ordinary paper
0 or 1 (single sheets)
0 (continuous paper)
Thin paper
0
Carbonless multipart forms with:
2 parts (original + 1 copy)
3 parts (original + 2 copies)
4 parts (original + 3 copies)
5 parts (original + 4 copies)
6 parts (original + 5 copies)
7 parts (original + 6 copies) *
1
3
5
6
7
7
Continuous paper with labels
2
Postcards
2
Envelopes
5 or 6
* Available when using the tractor in the bottom or front pull position.
Note: When the temperature is 41°F (5°C) or lower, or 95°F (35°C) or
higher, set the paper-thickness lever one position lower to improve
print quality. Multipart forms with 7 parts cannot be used at these
temperatures.
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
4. Tear off the printed pages.
Using the Micro Adjust Function
5. Press the Pause button to turn off Micro Adjust mode.
When you resume printing, the printer automatically feeds the
paper back to the top-of-form position and begins printing.
The Micro Adjust function allows you to move the paper
forward or backward in 1/216-inch (0.118 mm) increments to
adjust the tear-off and top-of-form positions.
Adjusting the Top-of-form Position
Adjusting the Tear-off Position
The top-of-form position is the position on the page where the
printer starts printing. If your printing appears too high or low
on the page, you can use the Micro Adjust function to adjust
the top-of-form position, as described below. Your top-of-form
position setting remains in effect until you change it, even if you
turn off the printer.
If your paper’s perforation is not aligned with the tear-off edge,
you can use the Micro Adjust function to move the perforation
to the tear-off position. Your tear-off position setting remains in
effect until you change it, even if you turn off the printer.
Caution: Never use the knob to adjust the tear-off position; this may
damage the printer or cause it to lose the tear-off position.
Caution: Never use the knob to adjust the top-of-form position; this
may damage the printer or cause it to lose the top-of-form position.
1. Make sure the Tear Off/Bin light is flashing (the paper is at
the current tear-off position). You may need to press the
Tear Off/Bin button to advance the paper to the tear-off
position.
1. Make sure the printer is turned on.
2. Load paper. (If the tractor is in a push position, press the
Load/Eject button to advance continuous paper to the
current top-of-form position.) If necessary, lift up the
printer cover so you can see the paper position.
3. Hold down the Pause button for three seconds. The Pause
light flashes and the printer enters Micro Adjust mode.
4. Press the LF/FF D button to move the top-of-form position
up on the page, or press the Load/Eject U button to move
the top-of-form position down on the page.
2. Hold down the Pause button for about three seconds. The
Pause light begins flashing and the printer enters Micro
Adjust mode.
3. Open the paper guide cover and press LF/FF D to feed
paper backward, or Load/Eject U to feed paper forward,
until the paper perforation is aligned with the tear-off edge
of the printer cover.
tear-off edge
5. Press the Pause button to exit Micro Adjust mode.
Note: The printer has a minimum and a maximum top-of-form
position. If you try to adjust it beyond these limits, the printer
beeps and stops moving the paper.
When the paper reaches the default top-of-form position, the
printer beeps and stops moving the paper briefly. You can use
this setting as a reference point when adjusting the position.
paper
perforation
The top margin setting made in some software overrides the
top-of-form position setting you make with the Micro Adjust
function.
Note: The printer has a minimum and a maximum tear-off
position. If you try to adjust the position beyond these limits, the
printer beeps and stops moving the paper.
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 11
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
❏ Do not load continuous paper with labels from the rear
Loading Special Papers
paper slot. Because the rear paper path is curved, labels may
come off their backing sheets inside the printer and cause a
paper jam.
Follow the guidelines in this section when loading single-sheet
multipart forms, labels, envelopes, and postcards.
❏ Do not load paper that is curled or has been folded.
Single-sheet Multipart Forms
To load single-sheet
multipart forms, use
the front paper entry
slot with the optional
front paper guide or
front sheet guide
installed. Thick
paper, such as
multipart forms with
five or six parts,
requires a straight
paper path to avoid
paper jams. Make
sure the forms do not
exceed 0.018 inch
(0.46 mm).
Removing Continuous Paper with Labels
front paper guide
To prevent labels from peeling off the backing sheet and
jamming the printer, follow these steps to remove continuous
paper with labels from the printer:
1. Tear off the fresh supply of continuous labels at the
perforation nearest the paper entry slot.
2. Hold down the LF/FF button to eject the remaining labels
from the printer.
Caution: Never feed labels backward using the Load/Eject or
Tear Off/Bin button. When fed backward, labels can easily come off
the backing sheet and cause a paper jam.
front sheet guide
Envelopes
Before loading envelopes, set the paper-thickness lever to
position 5 (for thin envelopes) or 6 (for thick envelopes).
You can feed envelopes one at a time using the paper guide,
or you can load multiple envelopes using the optional
high-capacity cut-sheet feeder (bin 1 of the double-bin
cut-sheet feeder).
Labels
When printing on labels, use only the type of labels that are
mounted on continuous backing sheets with sprocket holes for
use with a tractor feeder. Do not try to print on single sheets
with labels because the printer may not feed labels on a shiny
backing sheet properly.
Thick paper, such as continuous paper with labels, requires a
straight or almost straight paper path. You can load labels in the
front (to the pull tractor) or bottom (pull tractor) paper slot.
The loading procedure for continuous paper with labels is the
same as that for ordinary continuous paper, except you must set
the paper-thickness lever to 2 before printing. Keep the
following in mind:
❏ It is best to load continuous paper with labels on the pull
tractor. Do not load labels on the rear or front push tractor.
❏ Never feed labels backward using the Load/Eject or
Tear Off/Bin button. When fed backward, labels can easily
Be sure to place the envelope printable side down and insert the
top edge of the envelope into the printer first.
peel off the backing sheet and cause a paper jam.
The print head must not print past the left or right edge of the
envelope or other thick paper. Make sure your application
program prints entirely within the printable area of your
envelope.
❏ Because labels are sensitive to temperature and humidity,
use them only under normal operating conditions:
Temperature:
Humidity
59 to 77°F (15 to 25°C)
30 to 60% RH
If you are using No. 6 envelopes, make sure the left edge guide
is aligned with the arrow on the paper guide.
❏ Do not leave labels in the printer between jobs; they may
curl around the platen and jam when you resume printing.
12 - EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Postcards
1. If any printed pages remain in the printer, press the
Tear Off/Bin button to advance the paper to the tear-off
position. Then tear off the printed pages.
You can feed postcards one at a time using the paper guide, or
you can load multiple cards using the optional high-capacity
cut-sheet feeder (bin 1 of the double-bin cut-sheet feeder). The
cards can be loaded only in the front or rear paper slot.
Caution: Make sure you tear off your printed document before
you press the Load/Eject button in the next step. Reverse
feeding several pages at a time may cause a paper jam.
Before loading postcards, set the paper-thickness lever to
position 2 and set the paper release lever to the single-sheet
position.
2. Press the Load/Eject button to feed the continuous paper
backward to the standby position. The paper is still attached
to the push tractor but is no longer in the paper path.
When you are loading postcards long edge first, always load
them in the top slot.
3. Move the paper guide to the upright position.
4. Set the paper release lever to the single-sheet
position.
5. Load single sheets.
Switching to Printing on Continuous
Paper
Follow the steps below to switch from printing on single sheets
to printing on continuous paper with a push tractor.
Note: To switch from printing with the optional front sheet guide to
printing with the front push tractor, you need to remove the front
sheet guide.
1. If a single sheet remains in the printer, press the Load/Eject
button to eject it.
Before printing, turn on the card mode by pressing the
Tear Off/Bin button several times until the left Tear Off/Bin
light is on.
Caution: Never use the knob to eject paper when the printer is
on; this may damage the printer or cause it to lose the
top-of-form position.
When loading A6 size cards, always load them long edge first.
2. Make sure the tractor is installed in the front or rear push
position and that continuous paper is loaded on it.
Switching Paper Types
3. Set the paper release lever to the front or rear push position,
depending on the tractor position you are using.
You can easily switch back and forth between printing on
continuous paper with a push tractor and printing on single
sheets without having to remove or reload the continuous
paper.
Your printer loads the continuous paper automatically when
you begin printing.
Switching to Printing on Single Sheets
Follow the steps below to switch from printing on continuous
paper from a push tractor to printing on single sheets.
Note: If continuous labels are loaded in the printer, remove them
before switching to single-sheet printing.
If the tractor is in the pull position, remove any continuous paper from
it before switching to single-sheet printing.
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 13
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
The following table shows the options available for each printer
setting.
Clearing Paper Jams
Follow these steps to clear a paper jam:
Setting
Options (default in bold)
1. Turn off the printer and open the printer cover.
Skip over perforation
Off, On
2. If continuous paper is jammed in the printer, tear off the
fresh supply at the perforation nearest the paper entry slot.
Auto tear-off
Off, On
Auto line feed
Off, On
3. Turn the knob on the left side of the printer away from you
to remove the paper in the printer. Remove any remaining
pieces of paper.
Print direction
Bi-D, Uni-D
Software
ESC/P, IBM PPDS
I/F (interface) mode
Auto, Parallel, USB, Option
4. If the paper is stuck where the printer ejects it, gently pull
the paper out of the printer.
Auto I/F (interface)
wait time
10 seconds, 30 seconds
Parallel I/F
bidirectional mode
Off, On
Packet mode
Off, Auto
0 slash
0,
Buzzer
Off, On
Auto CR (available in
IBM PPDS emulation
mode)
Off, On
IBM character table*
Table 2, Table1
Changing the Default Settings
Page length for front
tractor
Length in inches: 3, 3.5, 4, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5,
11, 70/6, 12, 14, 17
While you can often change the printer’s settings through your
software or printer driver, you may sometimes need to change
one or more of the printer’s default settings. There are two ways
to do this:
Page length for rear
tractor
Length in inches: 3, 3.5, 4, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5,
11, 70/6, 12, 14, 17
Character table
Standard model: italic, PC 437, PC 850,
PC 860, PC 863, PC 865, PC 861, BRASCII,
Abicomp, Roman 8, ISO Latin 1, PC858,
ISO8859-15
All other models: Italic, PC 437, PC 850, PC
437 Greek, PC 853, PC855, PC 852, PC 857,
PC 866, PC 869, MAZOWIA, Code MJK, ISO
8859-7, ISO Latin 1T, Bulgaria, PC 774,
Estonia, ISO 8859-2, PC 866 LAT., PC 866
UKR, PC-APTEC, PC708, PC720, PC-AR864,
PC 860, PC 865, PC 861, PC 863, BRASCSII,
Abicomp, Roman 8, ISO Latin 1, PC858,
ISO8859-15, PC771, PC437 Slovenia,
PC MC, PC1250, PC1251
International character
set for italic table
(options depend on
country)
Italic U.S.A., Italic France, Italic Germany,
Italic U.K., Italic Denmark 1, Italic Sweden,
Italic Italy, Italic Spain 1
Manual feed wait
time
1 second, 1.5 seconds, 2 seconds,
3 seconds
Caution: Use the knob on the left side of the printer to clear
paper jams only when the printer is off. Otherwise, you may
damage the printer or change the top-of-form or tear-off
position.
5. Close the printer cover and turn on the printer. Make sure
the Paper Out light is not flashing and the Pause light is
off.
❏ Using the EPSON Remote Configuration Manager on the
printer software CD-ROM. (See the User’s Guide for more
information.)
❏ From the printer’s control panel using the default-setting
mode.
For instructions on using the Remote Configuration Manager,
see the PDF manual on the CD-ROM. To use the control
panel, see below. For detailed information about default
settings, see the Reference Guide.
14 - EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
6/03
(the zero character with a slash)
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Follow the steps below to enter the default-setting mode. You’ll
need four sheets of A4 or letter size single-sheet paper or four
pages of continuous paper that is at least 11 inches (279 mm)
long and 8.3 inches (210 mm) wide. If you use single sheets,
you need to load a new sheet of paper each time the printer
ejects a printed sheet from the paper guide.
Emulating the Okidata Microline 320/
321 Turbo
You can make your FX-890 or FX-2190 work like the Okidata®
Microline® 320 Turbo or 321 Turbo. In Okidata mode, the
printer emulates Okidata functions, and the following
additional settings can be selected in the default setting mode.
The default settings (shown in bold) are consistent with
Okidata Microline 320/321 Turbo factory settings.
1. Make sure the printer is on and paper is loaded. Then press
the Pitch and Tear Off/Bin buttons to open the Menu. The
Menu lights (both the Tear Off/Bin lights) turn on, and the
printer enters the default-setting mode and prints the
language selection instructions.
2. Press the Font button until the Font lights show the
language you want, as described in the instructions.
3. Press the Tear Off/Bin button to print the default-setting
mode instructions (three pages) in the language you
selected. The printed instructions list the settings you can
change, describe how to change them, and show how the
control panel lights help you make settings. Use these
instructions to change the printer’s default settings from the
control panel.
Feature
Printer settings in Okidata mode
Software emulation
IBM PPDS, EPSON ESC/P, Oki ML 320T
Auto tear off wait time
0.5 second, 1 second, 2 seconds, Others
Bottom margin
4.2 mm, 20 mm, 22 mm, 24 mm, Others
Line spacing
(lines per inch)
6 LPI, 8 LPI
Paper out override
Off (No), On (Yes)
Note: The FX-890 and FX-2190 do not support the USB interface in
Okidata mode.
If you want to use your printer in Okidata mode, do not install
the Windows driver that came with your printer. If you have
been using an Okidata driver, you can continue to use it with
your printer in Okidata mode.
4. When you finish making settings, press the Menu buttons
(Pitch and Tear Off/Bin) to exit the default-setting mode.
If you have been using an Okidata printer, you may want to
print out its default settings for reference before changing
modes on the FX-890/FX-2190. To do this on the Okidata
printer, press SHIFT + SEL to enter Menu mode, and then press
PRINT.
To enter Okidata mode on your FX-890/FX-2190, make sure
the printer is turned off. Then hold down the Tear Off/Bin and
Pause buttons while you turn on the printer. The printer beeps
once to indicate it is now in Okidata mode. It remains in
Okidata mode until you repeat the above procedure. To return
to FX-890/FX-2190 mode, hold down the Tear Off/Bin and
Pause buttons while you turn on the printer. The printer beeps
twice and is now operating in FX-890/2190 mode.
When you switch from one mode to the other, any changes you
made to the printer’s settings in the original mode are restored
to their default values. You can print the default settings for the
printer to check the current settings and change them if
necessary. See page 14.
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 15
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
3. Follow the instructions to change the settings as desired.
Locking the Control Panel Buttons
4. Turn off the printer.
When you want to turn on Lock-out mode, follow the steps
above.
You can restrict the use of buttons on the control panel using
Lock-out mode. In the default Lock-out mode, you can use
only the Pause, Load/Eject and Tear off buttons. If you want
to change which functions are locked, see “Changing the
Lock-out Mode Settings” below.
Aligning Vertical Lines in Your
Printout
Turning Lock-out Mode On and Off
If you notice that the vertical lines in your printout are not
properly aligned, you can use the printer’s bidirectional
adjustment mode to correct this problem. During bidirectional
adjustment, the printer prints three sheets of alignment
patterns, labeled High Speed Draft, Draft, and NLQ (near
letter quality). You select the best alignment pattern from each
sheet.
1. Make sure the printer is turned off.
2. Turn on the printer while holding down the Load/Eject
and Pause buttons. The printer beeps twice, indicating that
Lock-out mode has been turned on.
When Lock-out mode is on, the Pause and Paper Out lights
flash three times when any locked button is pressed. To turn
Lock-out mode off, repeat steps 1 and 2. The printer beeps
once, to indicate that Lock-out mode has been turned off.
To print the instruction sheet and alignment patterns, you need
four single sheets or four pages of continuous paper of at least
the following sizes:
Changing the Lock-out Mode Settings
You can select which printer functions you want to be locked
while Lock-out mode is on (as described below). The following
table shows which functions you can lock and their default
settings (in Lock-out mode).
Paper type
FX-890
FX-2190
Continuous paper (including
perforated border)
9.5 × 11 inches
(241 × 279 mm)
14.8 × 11 inches
(376 × 279 mm)
Single sheet
A4 or letter size
A3 landscape
If you use single sheets, you need to load a new sheet of paper
each time the printer ejects a printed sheet from the paper
guide.
Function
Default setting
Load
Unlocked
Eject
Unlocked
LF
Locked
Follow these steps to perform the bidirectional adjustment:
FF
Locked
1. Make sure paper is loaded, then turn off the printer.
Tear Off
Unlocked
Bin
Locked
Micro Adjust
Locked
Font
Locked
2. While holding down the Pause button, turn on the printer.
The printer enters the bidirectional adjustment mode and
then prints instructions and the first set of alignment
patterns.
Pitch
Locked
Pause
Unlocked
Reset
Locked
Menu
Locked
3. As described in the instructions, compare the alignment
patterns and select the pattern with the best alignment.
Then select the pattern with the best alignment for each of
the remaining sets of alignment patterns.
4. After you select the best pattern in the final set of alignment
patterns, save your selection by pressing the Tear Off/Bin
button. Then turn off the printer.
1. Make sure paper is loaded and the printer is turned off.
2. Turn on the printer while holding down the LF/FF and
Pause buttons. The printer enters the Lock-out setting
mode and prints the instructions. (You’ll need three sheets
of A4 or letter size single-sheet paper or three pages of
continuous paper that is at least 11 inches [279 mm] long
and 8.3 inches [210 mm] wide.)
16 - EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Printing a Self Test
Printing a Hex Dump
Running the printer’s self test helps you determine whether the
printer or the computer is causing the problem:
The hex dump feature is designed for DOS-based PC
connections. If you are an experienced user or a programmer,
you can print a hexadecimal dump to isolate communication
problems between the printer and your software program. In
hex dump mode, the printer prints all data it receives from the
computer as hexadecimal values.
❏ If the self test results are satisfactory, the printer is working
properly and the problem probably results from your
printer driver settings, application settings, computer, or
interface cable. (Be sure to use a shielded interface cable.)
You can print a hex dump using either single sheets or
continuous paper that is at least 8.3 inches (210 mm) wide,
such as A4 or letter size paper.
❏ If the self test does not print properly, there is a problem
with the printer.
You can print the self test using either single sheets or
continuous paper of at least the following width:
Paper type
FX-890
FX-2190
Continuous paper (including
perforated border)
9.5 inches
(241 mm)
14.8 inches
(376 mm)
Single sheet
A4 or letter size
A3 landscape
1. Make sure paper is loaded and the printer is turned off.
2. To enter hex dump mode, turn on the printer while holding
down the LF/FF and Load/Eject buttons.
3. Open a software program and send a print job to the
printer. Your printer prints all the codes it receives in
hexadecimal format, such as:
Follow these steps to perform a self test:
1. Make sure paper is loaded and the printer is turned off.
2. To run the test using the Draft font, turn on the printer
while holding down the LF/FF button. To run the test
using the printer’s near letter-quality fonts, hold down the
Load/Eject button while you turn on the printer. Either self
test can help you determine the source of your printing
problem; however, the draft self test prints faster than the
near letter-quality test.
By comparing the characters printed in the right column
with the printout of the hexadecimal codes, you can check
the codes the printer is receiving. If characters are printable,
they appear in the right column as ASCII characters.
Nonprintable codes, such as control codes, are represented
by dots.
4. To turn off hex dump mode, press the Pause button, eject
the printed page(s), and then turn off the printer.
After a few seconds, the printer loads the paper
automatically and begins printing the self test. A series of
characters is printed.
Caution: Do not turn off the printer while it is printing the hex dump.
Always press the Pause button to stop printing and the Load/Eject
button to eject the printed page before you turn off the printer.
Note: To temporarily stop the self test, press the Pause button.
To resume the test, press Pause again.
3. To end the self test, press the Pause button to stop
printing. If paper remains in the printer, press the
Load/Eject button to eject the printed page. Then turn off
the printer.
Resetting the Printer
To reset the printer’s EEPROM, hold down the Load/Eject,
LF/FF, and Pause buttons while turning on the printer. The
printer beeps once, and restores its factory default settings.
Caution: Do not turn off the printer while it is printing the self
test. Always press the Pause button to stop printing and the
Load/Eject button to eject the printed page before you turn off
the printer.
6/03
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190 - 17
EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
Cleaning the Printer
Related Documentation
1. Remove any paper loaded in the printer and turn it off.
4041363-00/
CPD-15991R1
2. Unplug the power cord from the electrical outlet; then
disconnect the interface cable from the printer.
3020817-00/
CPD-16124
3. Remove the paper guide. If a pull tractor or an optional
cut-sheet feeder is installed, remove it.
4. Use a soft brush to carefully brush away all dust and dirt
from the outer case and paper guide.
5. If the outer case or paper guide is still dirty, clean it with a
soft, clean cloth dampened with mild detergent dissolved in
water. Keep the printer cover closed to prevent water from
getting inside the printer.
Caution: Never use alcohols or thinners to clean the printer; these
chemicals can damage the printer components as well as the case.
Be careful not to get water on the printer mechanism or electronic
components.
Do not use a hard or abrasive brush.
Do not spray lubricants inside the printer; unsuitable oils can damage
the printer mechanism. Contact an EPSON dealer if you think
lubrication is needed.
Transporting the Printer
If you need to transport your printer some distance, carefully
repack it using the original box and packing materials, as
described below.
Warning: You need to move the print head by hand to remove the
ribbon cartridge. If you have just used the printer, the print head
may be hot; let it cool for a few minutes before touching it.
1. Remove any paper in the printer and turn it off.
2. Unplug the power cord from the electrical outlet; then
disconnect the interface cable from the printer.
3. Remove the paper guide.
4. If any options are installed, remove them and pack them in
their original boxes.
5. Make sure the print head is not hot. Then remove the
ribbon cartridge.
6. Make sure the paper tension unit is installed and the tractor
is installed in the rear push position. Also make sure the
printer cover and front cover are closed.
7. Repack the printer, paper guide, ribbon cartridge, and
power cord in the original packing materials and place them
in the printer’s original box.
18 - EPSON FX-890/FX-2190
6/03
EPSON FX-890/2190 User’s Guide
CD-ROM containing online Reference
Guide
PLFX890
EPSON FX-890 Parts Price List
PLFX2190
EPSON FX-2190 Parts Price List