APRILIA PEGASO 650 IE STRADA - 2005 Technical information

Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 1 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
PEGASO 650 STRADA - TRAIL
8104936
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 2 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
© 2005 Piaggio & C. S.p.A. - Noale (VE)
SAFETY WARNINGS
The following precautionary warnings are
used throughout this manual in order to
convey the following messages:
warning. When you find this
Safety
symbol on the vehicle or in the
manual, be careful to the potential risk
of personal injury. Non-compliance with
the indications given in the messages
preceded by this symbol may result in
grave risks for your and other people’s
safety and for the vehicle!
First edition: September 2005
Reprint:
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard which may
result in serious injury or even death.
CAUTION
Produced and printed by:
VALLEY FORGE DECA
Ravenna , Modena, Torino
DECA S.r.l.
Sede Legale ed Amministrativa
Via Vincenzo Giardini, 11
48022 Lugo (RA) - Italia
Tel. +39 - 0545 216611
Fax +39 - 0545 216610
E-mail: deca@vftis.spx.com
www.vftis.com
on behalf of:
Piaggio & C. S.p.A.
via G. Galilei, 1 - 30033 Noale (VE) - Italia
Tel. +39 - 041 58 29 111
Fax +39 - 041 44 10 54
www.aprilia.com
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
Indicates a potential hazard which may
result in minor personal injury or
damage to the vehicle.
NOTE The word “NOTE” in this manual
precedes important information or
instructions.
TECHNICAL INFORMATION
H
The operations preceded by this
symbol must be repeated also on
the opposite side of the vehicle.
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for the
reassembly of the units repeat the
disassembly operations in reverse order.
The terms “right” and “left” are referred to
the rider seated on the vehicle in the
normal riding position.
WARNINGS - PRECAUTIONS GENERAL ADVICE
Before starting the engine, carefully read
this manual and in particular the section
“SAFE DRIVE”.
Your and other people’s safety depends
not only on your quickness of reflexes and
on your agility, but also on what you know
about the vehicle, on its efficiency and on
your knowledge of the basic information for
“SAFE DRIVE”. Therefore, get a thorough
knowledge of the vehicle, in such a way as
to be able to ride in the traffic safely.
NOTE Keep a stock of one bulb per type
with the vehicle (see technical data).
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NOTE
This manual must be considered
as an integral part of the vehicle and must
always accompany it, even in case of
resale.
aprilia has carried out this manual with
the maximum attention, in order to supply
the user with correct and updated
information. However, since aprilia
constantly improves the design of its
products, there may be slight
discrepancies between the characteristics
of your vehicle and those described in this
manual. For any clarification concerning
the information contained in this manual,
do not hesitate to contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
For inspections and repair operations not
expressly described in this publication, for
the purchase of aprilia genuine spare
parts, accessories and other products, as
we ll a s f o r s pe c if i c a dv i c e , c o nt a c t
exclusively aprilia Authorised Dealers and
Service Centres, which guarantee prompt
and accurate assistance.
Thank you for choosing aprilia. We wish
you a nice ride.
All rights as to electronic storage,
reproduction and total or partial adaptation,
with any means, are reserved for all
Countries.
NOTE In some countries the
antipollution and noise regulations in force
require periodical inspections.
The user of the vehicle in these countries
must:
– contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer
to have the non-homologated
c o m p on e n t s r e pl a c e d w it h o t he r s
homologated for use in the country in
question;
– carry out the required periodical
inspections.
NOTE Soon after purchasing the vehicle,
write down the identification data indicated
on the SPARE PARTS IDENTIFICATION
LABEL in the table here below. This label is
positioned on the left side of the seat
support; to read it, it is necessary to remove
the
seat,
see
page
27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT).
In this manual the various versions are
indicated by the following symbols:
J optional
VERSION:
+ Italy
2 Singapore
4
P Slovenia
United
Kingdom
> Austria
F Israel
M
e South Korea
Portugal
( Finland
- Malaysia
$ Belgium
@ Chile
A Germany
* Croatia
C
# Australia
France
' Spain
R United States of
)
g Brazil
Greece
America
/ Holland
1 South Africa
6 Switzerland
K New Zealand
& Denmark
% Canada
,
Japan
These data indicate:
– YEAR = year of manufacture (Y, 1, 2, ...);
– I.M. = modification code (A, B, C, ...);
– COUNTRY CODES = homologation
country (I, UK, A, ...).
and are to be supplied to the aprilia
Authorised Dealer as reference data for
the purchase of spare parts or specific
accessories of the model you have acquired.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY WARNINGS................................................. 2
TECHNICAL INFORMATION..................................... 2
WARNINGS - PRECAUTIONS - GENERAL ADVICE 2
SAFE DRIVE BASIC SAFETY RULES................. 6
CLOTHING ........................................................... 8
ACCESSORIES .................................................... 8
LOAD .................................................................... 9
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS ........ 10
ARRANGEMENT OF THE
INSTRUMENTS/CONTROLS................................... 14
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS........................ 15
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS
TABLE................................................................. 16
MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER ......................... 18
MENU ................................................................. 19
SERVICE INTERVAL.......................................... 24
ALARM DISPLAY ............................................... 24
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS......................... 25
CONTROLS ON LEFT HANDLEBAR................. 25
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT PART OF
THE HANDLEBAR.............................................. 25
IGNITION SWITCH............................................. 26
STEERING LOCK............................................... 27
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT ........................................ 27
UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT................... 27
GLOVE COMPARTMENT .................................. 28
TOOL KIT COMPARTMENT .............................. 28
SPECIAL TOOLS J ........................................ 29
ACCESSORIES J .......................................... 30
MAIN COMPONENTS .............................................. 31
FUEL................................................................... 31
BRAKE FLUID - recommendations..................... 33
DISC BRAKES.................................................... 34
FRONT BRAKE .................................................. 35
REAR BRAKE..................................................... 37
COOLANT........................................................... 38
TYRES ................................................................ 40
ENGINE OIL ....................................................... 41
CLUTCH ............................................................. 42
ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE
CONTROL LEVER CLEARANCE....................... 43
EXHAUST SILENCERS...................................... 43
EXHAUST SILENCERS...................................... 44
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE ...................................... 44
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GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE ........... 44
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS ...... 46
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS ...... 47
STARTING ......................................................... 48
MOVING OFF AND RIDING .............................. 50
RUNNING-IN...................................................... 53
STOPPING......................................................... 54
PARKING ........................................................... 54
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND....................................................... 55
SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT THEFT ............ 56
MAINTENANCE ...................................................... 57
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART....... 58
IDENTIFICATION DATA .................................... 60
JOINTS WITH CLICK CLAMPS AND WITH SCREW
CLAMPS ............................................................ 60
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND
TOPPING UP ..................................................... 61
FRONT WHEEL ................................................. 62
REAR WHEEL ................................................... 64
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE REAR SUPPORT STAND J ................. 67
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE FRONT SUPPORT STAND J ............... 67
DRIVE CHAIN .................................................... 68
REMOVING THE OIL SUMP GUARD ............... 70
REMOVING THE DRIVE CHAIN GUARDS....... 70
REAR SUSPENSION......................................... 70
CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR............... 72
IDLING ADJUSTMENT ...................................... 73
ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR
CONTROL.......................................................... 74
SPARK PLUG .................................................... 75
BATTERY........................................................... 77
CHECKING AND CLEANING THE TERMINALS 78
REMOVING THE BATTERY.............................. 79
CHARGING THE BATTERY .............................. 80
INSTALLING THE BATTERY ............................ 80
LONG INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY ............ 81
CHECKING THE SWITCHES ............................ 81
CHANGING THE FUSES................................... 82
ADJUSTING THE VERTICAL
HEADLIGHT BEAM ........................................... 83
INSTRUMENT PANEL LIGHTING..................... 83
BULBS ............................................................... 84
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULBS .............
CHANGING THE NUMBER PLATE BULB ........
TRANSPORT...........................................................
CLEANING ..............................................................
LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY .....................
TECHNICAL DATA .................................................
LUBRICANT CHART..........................................
WIRING DIAGRAM - Pegaso 650 I.E. ...............
WIRING DIAGRAM KEY - Pegaso 650 I.E. .......
Authorised Dealers and Service Centres ...........
84
86
86
86
88
90
93
94
95
96
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safe drive
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SAFE DRIVE BASIC SAFETY
RULES
To ride the vehicle it is necessary to be in
possession of all the requirements
p r e s c r i b e d b y l a w ( d r i v i n g l i c e n ce ,
minimum age, psychophysical ability,
insurance, state taxes, vehicle registration,
number plate, etc.).
Gradually get to know the vehicle by
driving it first in areas with low traffic and/or
private areas.
The use of medicines, alcohol and drugs or
psychotropic substances notably increases
the risk of accidents.
Be sure that you are in good
psychophysical conditions and fit for riding
and pay particular attention to physical
weariness and drowsiness.
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Most road accidents are caused by the
rider’s lack of experience.
NEVER lend the vehicle to beginners and,
in any case, make sure that the rider has
all the requirements for driving.
Rigourously observe all road signs and
national and local road regulations.
Avoid abrupt movements that can be
dangerous for yourself and other people
(for example: wheeling, speeding, etc.);
and give due consideration to the road
surfac e, visi bi lity and oth er d r ivi ng
conditions.
Avoid obstacles that could damage the
vehicle or make you lose control.
Avoid riding in the slipstream created by
preceding vehicles in order to increase
your speed.
WARNING
Always ride with both hands on the
handlebars and both feet on the
footrests (or on the rider’s footboards),
in the correct driving posture.
Avoid standing up or stretching your
limbs while driving.
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ONLY ORIGINALS
The rider should pay attention and avoid
distractions caused by people, things and
movements (never smoke, eat, drink, read,
etc.) while driving.
Use only the vehicle’s specific fuels and
lubricants indicated in the “LUBRICANT
CHART”; check all oil, fuel and coolant
levels regularly.
If the vehicle has been involved in an
accident, make sure that no damage has
occurred to the control levers, pipes, wires,
braking system and vital parts.
If necessary, have the vehicle inspected by
an aprilia Authorised Dealer who should
carefully check the frame, handlebars,
suspensions, safety parts and all the
devices that you cannot check by yourself.
Always remember to report any
malfunction to the technicians to help them
in their work.
Never use the vehicle when the amount of
damage it has suffered endangers your
safety.
Never change the position, inclination or
colour of: number plate, direction
indicators, lights and horns.
Any modification of the vehicle will result in
the invalidity of the guarantee.
Any modification of the vehicle and/or the
removal of original components can
compromise vehicle performance levels
and safety or even make it illegal to ride.
We recommend respecting all regulations
and national and local provisions regarding
the equipment of the vehicle.
In particular, avoid all modifications that
increase the vehicle’s performance levels
or alter its original characteristics.
Never race with other vehicles.
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CLOTHING
Before starting, always wear a correctly
fastened crash helmet. Make sure that it is
homologated, in good condition, of the
right size and that the visor is clean.
Wear protective clothing, preferably in light
and/or reflecting colours. In this way you
will make yourself more visible to the other
riders, thus notably reducing the risk of
being knocked down, and you will be more
protected in case of fall.
This clothing should be very tight-fitting
and fastened at the wrists and ankles;
strings, belts and ties should not be
hanging loose; prevent these and other
objects from interfering with driving by
getting entangled with moving parts or
driving mechanisms.
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Do not keep objects that can be dangerous
in case of fall, for example pointed objects
like keys, pens, glass vials etc. in your
pockets (the same recommendations also
apply to a possible passenger).
ACCESSORIES
The owner of the vehicle is responsible for
the choice, installation and use of any
accessory.
Avoid installing accessories that cover
horns or lights or that could impair their
functions, limit the suspension stroke and
the steering angle, hamper the operation of
the controls and reduce the ground
clearance and the angle of inclination in
turns.
Avoid using accessories that hamper
access to the controls, since this can
prolong reaction times during an
emergency.
Big fairings and windshields installed on
the vehicle may produce aerodynamic
forces that affect the stability of the vehicle,
especially when riding at high speed.
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Make sure that the equipment is well
fastened to the vehicle and not dangerous
during driving.
Do not install electrical devices and do not
modify those already existing to avoid
electrical overloads, because the vehicle
could suddenly stop or there could be a
dangerous current shortage in the horn
and in the lights.
aprilia recommends the use of genuine
accessories (aprilia genuine accessories).
LOAD
Avoid hanging bulky, heavy and/or
dangerous objects on the handlebars,
mudguards and forks, because the vehicle
might respond more slowly in turns and its
manoeuvrability could be unavoidably
impaired.
Do not place bags that are too bulky on the
vehicle sides and do not ride with the crash
helmet hanging on one side, because they
could hit people or obstacles, making you
lose control of the vehicle.
Do not carry any bag if it is not tightly
secured to the vehicle.
Do not carry bags which protrude too much
from the luggage-rack or which cover the
lights, horn or indicators.
Do not carry animals or children on the
glove compartment or on the luggage rack.
Do not exceed the maximum load allowed
for each bag.
When the vehicle is overloaded, its stability
and its manoeuvrability can be
compromised.
Be careful and moderate when loading
your luggage. Keep any luggage loaded as
close as possible to the centre of gravity of
the vehicle and evenly distribute the load
on both sides, in order to reduce
unbalance to the minimum. Furthermore,
make sure that the load is firmly secured to
the vehicle, especially during long trips.
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ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS
STRADA
2
3
10
4
1
5
8 19 6
16
22
9
20
7
18
21
KEY
1) Headlight
2) Ignition switch/steering lock
3) Left rear-view mirror
4) Fuel tank filler cap
5) Fuel tank
10
6) Battery
7) Electronic control unit
8) Fuse carrier
9) Passenger grab rail
10) Glove compartment
11) Swinging arm
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15
14
13
12
11
12) Passenger left footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
13) Side stand
14) Rider left footrest
15) Gear shift lever
16) Seat lock
17
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
Drive chain
Engine oil tank
Tool kit
Idle speed adjuster
Oil drain plugs
Underseat compartment
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2
3
4
5
6
8
9
7
1
10
16
17
15
KEY
1) Tail light
2) Passenger grab rail
3) Seat
4) Rear brake fluid tank
5) Air filter
6) Rear shock absorber
14
13
7) Engine oil level plug-dipstick
8) Front brake fluid tank
9) Right rear-view mirror
10) Horn
12
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
11
18
Engine oil filter
Rear brake control lever
Rider right footrest
Rear brake master cylinder
Passenger right footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
16) Coolant expansion tank
cap
17) Coolant expansion tank
18) CO sensor plug
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TRAIL
2
3
10
4
1
5
8 19 6
16
22
9
20
7
18
21
KEY
1) Headlight
2) Ignition switch/steering lock
3) Left rear-view mirror
4) Fuel tank filler cap
5) Fuel tank
12
6) Battery
7) Electronic control unit
8) Fuse carrier
9) Passenger grab rail
10) Glove compartment
11) Swinging arm
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15
14
13
12
11
12) Passenger left footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
13) Side stand
14) Rider left footrest
15) Gear shift lever
16) Seat lock
17
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
Drive chain
Engine oil tank
Tool kit
Idle speed adjuster
Oil drain plugs
Underseat compartment
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2
3
4
5
6
8
9
7
1
10
16
17
15
KEY
1) Tail light
2) Passenger grab rail
3) Seat
4) Rear brake fluid tank
5) Air filter
6) Rear shock absorber
14
13
7) Engine oil level plug-dipstick
8) Front brake fluid tank
9) Right rear-view mirror
10) Horn
12
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
11
18
Engine oil filter
Rear brake control lever
Rider right footrest
Rear brake master cylinder
Passenger right footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
16) Coolant expansion tank
cap
17) Coolant expansion tank
18) CO sensor plug
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ARRANGEMENT OF THE INSTRUMENTS/CONTROLS
2
1
4
3
12
11
KEY
1) Clutch lever
2) Instruments and indicators
3) Ignition switch/steering lock (--)
4) Front brake lever
5) Throttle grip
6) Emergency flasher button ()
7) Engine start-stop switch (--)
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8
10
9
5
6
7
8) Dimmer switch (-)
9) Fuel filler cap cover release switch
10) Horn push button ()
11) Direction indicator switch ()
12) MODE switch
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INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
KEY
1) Revolution counter
2) Red alarm light: vehicle maintenance ( )
3) Green direction indicator warning light ()
4) Blue high beam warning light ()
5) Orange low fuel warning light ()
6) Green neutral indicator warning light ()
7) Yellow side stand light (h)
9
8) Orange ABS light (
) (only for vehicles equipped with ABS)
9) Multifunction digital display.
ABS
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INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE
When the ignition key is turned to “” with the engine stopped, all warning lights, except “Heated handgrips” light, come on for a LED
check-up and go out after three seconds. If one or more warning lights do not come on at this stage, contact a aprilia Authorised
Dealer.
Description
Function
Displays current, average or maximum riding speed (in kilometres or miles) depending on presetting,
Speedometer (km/h - MPH)
see page 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Odometer (KM - Mi)
Displays partial or total Km/miles run, see page 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Displays engine coolant temperature, see page 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Do not leave the ignition switch on “”, since the cooling fans would
CAUTION
stop regardless of the coolant temperature and in this case the
temperature would increase even further.
Coolant temperature
If the pointer gets near the danger area, stop the engine, turn the key to “” and wait until the
cooling fan is disconnected.
(°C/°F)
Now turn the key to “” and check coolant level, see page 38 (COOLANT).
Contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer.
If the maximum allowed temperature is exceeded (118 °C - 244
CAUTION
°F), the engine may be seriously damaged.
Multifunction
digital display Fuel level
(STRADA version only)
Clock
Battery voltage V
BATT
Lap timer
Displays fuel quantity in the tank, see page 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Displays time (hour and minutes) as preset, see page 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Displays the battery voltage in Volts, see page 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Diagnosis
Revolution counter rpm
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Displays the different lap times, as preset, see page 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
In case a serious failure is detected, one that might jeopardise the vehicle or the rider's safety,
the panel will show an icon indicating the failure cause (such as: oil pressure , maintenance
intervals
).
If the wording "
SERVICE" appears during normal engine
CAUTION
operation, it means that the ECU or the instrument panel have
detected a failure. In many cases the engine keeps running with limited performance;
contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer immediately.
Indicates the number of revolutions of the engine per minute.
Never exceed the engine max. speed rate, see page 53 (RUNNING-IN).
CAUTION
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Description
Error warning light
Direction indicator warning light
High beam warning light
Low fuel warning light
Neutral indicator warning light
Side stand down light
ABS light (if ABS is fitted) (only for
vehicles equipped with ABS)
h
Function
It comes on to signal a fault in case of: oil pressure alarm, overtemperature alarm, problems with the
injection system or when maximum rpm are exceeded.
It flashes when engine is off to indicate that the antitheft system is active.
It comes on flashing if the maximum rpm are exceeded.
If the light
remains on after the engine start or comes on during
CAUTION
the normal operation of the engine, together with one of the two
symbols on the display: “efi”, “”, this means that a fault of the injection system was
detected (efi), or low engine oil pressure () was detected. In this case, stop the engine
immediately and contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer.
Blinks when the direction indicators are on.
Comes on when the high beam bulbs are on or when the headlight signaller is operated.
It comes on when the quantity of fuel left in the tank is approx. 3 b.
In this case, top up as soon as possible, see page 31 (FUEL).
Refuel with ignition key in stop position in order to get a correct indication of the light.
Comes on when the gear is in neutral.
Turns on when the side stand is down.
It comes on in case of ABS failure.
ABS
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B
C
1
A
D
F
E
MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER
When you turn the ignition key to "", the
following instrument panel lights will turn
on for 2 seconds:
- The "PEGASO 650 STRADA-TRAIL"
logo
- All lights, except “Heated handgrips light”
- Backlighting
Rev counter index (1) moves to maximum
value, as set by the user.
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During the initial check-up, all instruments
will briefly show the current values of the
corresponding parameters.
The display shows the following standard
settings:
A) coolant temperature;
B) fuel quantity (STRADA version only);
C) clock;
D) speedometer;
E) odometer;
F) on-board computer and accessories
functions.
2
MODE selector (2) features three
positions: a left one to decrease values
and scroll the drop-down menus, a right
one to increase values and scroll the dropdown menus in the other direction, and a
centre one to confirm values by pressing
the button.
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TRIP METER 1
TRIP TIME 1
TRIP METER 2
TRIP TIME 2
MAXIMUM SPEED
Trip meter 1 and 2 can be reset: press
selector (2) for a certain time in the centre
position to reset all quantities concerning
the active trip meter.
After the distance covered on fuel reserve
(KM COVERED W/FUEL RESERVE), the
display shows the MENU page, but only if
vehicle is not moving.
LAP TIMER
BATTERY VOLTAGE
KM COVERED W/FUEL RESERVE
Turn selector (2) to display on the LCD the
pages indicating in zone (F) the following
quantities:
A) TRIP METER 1
B) TRIP TIME 1
C) TRIP METER 2
D) TRIP TIME 2
E) MAXIMUM SPEED
F) LAP TIMER
G) BATTERY VOLTAGE
H) KM COVERED W/FUEL RESERVE
(distance covered on fuel reserve for trips
longer than 2 km).
MENU
If vehicle is stopped, it is possible to gain
access to the configuration menu from the
MENU page by pr es sing the MODE
selector in the centre position; while if
vehicle is moving, go back to the TRIP
METER 1 page.
Configuration menu options are:
EXIT
SETTINGS
LAP TIMER
DIAGNOSTICS
LANGUAGE
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Settings
When the SETTINGS function is selected
the following options are displayed:
EXIT
TIME SETTINGS
GEAR SHIFT INDICATOR
BACK LIGHTING
CHANGE THE CODE
CODE RECOVERY
UNLOCK SAFETY LOCKS
Once the operation is over, the instrument
panel goes back to main menu.
TIME SETTINGS
This mode allows you to set the clock. The
main page with "CLOCK SETTING" is
displayed.
As soon as you enter this mode, indication
of minutes disappears and only hours are
displayed. Hour value is increased every
time the MODE selector is pressed to the
right, once the value reaches 12 it goes
back to 0. In the same way, hour value
decreases every time the MODE selector
is pressed to the left, once the value
reaches zero, it goes to 12 when the
MODE selector is again pressed to the
left..
A Confirmation signal stores the set value
and lets you go on to minutes setting.
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As soon as you enter this mode, indication
of hours disappears and only minutes are
displayed. Minute value increases every
time the MODE selector is pressed to the
right, once the value reaches 59, it goes
back when the MODE selector is again
pressed to the right.In the same way, value
decreases every time the MODE selector
is pressed to the left, once the value
reaches zero, it goes to 59 when the
MODE selector is again pressed to the left.
A Confirmation signal stores the set value
and lets you quit clock setting mode.
3
GEAR SHIFT THRESHOLD
This function allows you to set the value for
the Gear shift indicator threshold. The
main page with "GEAR SHIFT
THRESHOLD" message is displayed.
Threshold value is increased by 100 RPM
every time the MODE selector is pressed
to the right, vice versa, threshold value is
decreased by 100 RPM every time the
MODE selector is pressed to the left.
If the upper or lower limit is reached and
you further press the selector, nothing will
happen.
Press the MODE selector to the centre
position to end the operation and store the
set value, the index goes back to zero and
the instrument panel goes back to
configuration menu page.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 21 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
When battery is connected for the first
time, the instrument panel sets to runningin rpm value, the next time battery is
connected it sets to last set value.
RUNNING-IN RPM: 5000
MINIMUM RPM: 4000
MAXIMUM RPM: 8000
When the set threshold is exceeded, the
alarm light (3) on the instrument panel
flashes until the value goes below the
threshold.
BACK LIGHTING
This function allows you to set
backlighting: three levels are available.
Every time the MODE selector is pressed
to the right or to the left, the following icons
are displayed:
LOW
MEAN
HIGH
Press the MODE selector to the centre
position to set the instrument panel back to
SETTINGS MENU.
CHANGE THE CODE
This function is used when the old code is
available and is to be changed.
Within this function, the following message
is displayed:
"INSERT THE OLD CODE"
As soon as the old code is acknowledged,
the new code is requested; the following
message is displayed:
"INSERT THE NEW CODE"
Once the operation is over, the display
goes back to DIAGNOSIS menu. If you
entered with the code, this operation will
not be allowed.
Once the operation is over, the instrument
panel goes back to SETTINGS menu.
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CODE RECOVERY
This function is used when the old code is
not available and you need to change it. In
this case it is necessary to insert at least
two keys in the ignition switch. The first key
is already inserted, a second key is
requested with the message:
"INSERT THE 2nd KEY"
The instrument panel remains on inbetween these two keys; if the second key
is not inserted within 20 seconds the
operation is aborted. When the second key
is acknowledged, the new code is
requested with the message:
"INSERT THE NEW CODE"
Once the operation is over, the display
goes back to DIAGNOSIS menu. If you
entered with the code, this operation will
not be allowed.
Once the operation is over, the instrument
panel goes back to SETTINGS menu.
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UNLOCK SAFETY LOCKS
In case of failure to the stand sensor, the
neutral and clutch switch, use function
"UNLOCK SAFETY LOCKS" to disable the
safety logic to be able to start the engine.
The display will show "SERVICE".
The safety logic is re-enabled when turning
the key off.
WARNING
This function should be used only in an
emergency.
Lap timer
When the LAP TIMER function is selected
the following options are displayed:
EXIT
VIEW TIMES
DELETE TIMES
VIEW TIMES
This function also displays the acquired lap
times. Briefly press the MODE selector to
the right and to the left to scroll the time
pages, press it for a certain time to set the
display back to the LAP TIMER menu. If
the battery is disconnected, stored times
are lost.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 23 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
Once 40 lap times have been recorded,
acquisition ends and "FULL" is displayed:
stop the vehicle to read recorded lap times,
see page 54 (STOPPING), enter VIEW
TIMES option in the LAP TIMER menu.
A new timer session can be started only if
all previously recorded lap times are
deleted: enter the DELETE TIMES function
in the LAP TIMER menu.
DELETE TIMES
This function deletes the acquired lap
times. Deletion should be confirmed. Once
the operation is over, the display goes
back to LAP TIMER menu.
Lap time operation
To use the lap timer, set the display to the
main page indicating CHRONO, and then
wait to start the lap timer.
Briefly press the MODE selector to the
centre position, the lap timer starts
recording. Press again the MODE selector
to the centre position before 10 seconds
have elapsed from timer start, time
measurement is cancelled and a new one
is started. Press again the MODE selector
to the centre position after 10 seconds
have elapsed from timer start, time
measurement is interrupted and a new one
is started. Press the MODE selector for a
certain time to the centre position to
interrupt lap time set.
Diagnosis
This menu interfaces with the systems
fitted to the motorcycle to carry out
diagnosis. To enable the menu, a
password is needed that is available only
to aprilia service centres.
Language
This menu allows you to choose the user's
interface language.
ITALIANO
ENGLISH
FRANCAIS
DEUTSCH
ESPAGNOL
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OVERTEMPERATURE
ECU ERRORS, INSTRUMENT
PANEL ERRORS
LEFT DIRECTION
INDICATOR FAULT
RIGHT DIRECTION
INDICATOR FAULT
ECU DISCONNECTED
SERVICE INTERVAL
ALARM DISPLAY
When the scheduled service intervals are
reached, an icon is displayed (symbol of a
spanner).
In case a serious failure is detected, one
that might jeopardise the vehicle or the
rider's safety, the display will show an icon
indicating the failure cause, in the area
where the odometer usually is.
Alarms are divided in two groups
depending on their priority:
u High priority: overtemperature, ECU
errors, Instrument panel errors;
u Low priority: Direction indicators.
Direction indicators fault is indicated only
when all indicator leds are faulty.
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Should there be many alarms with same
priority level, the relevant icons are
displayed alternatively.
High priority alarms do not allow you to
display low priority ones.
If the alarm light and the SERVICE icon
briefly come on it does not mean that there
is a failure.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 25 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS
2
1
4
3
5
CONTROLS ON LEFT HANDLEBAR
NOTE The electrical parts work only
when the ignition switch is in position “”.
1) HORN BUTTON ()
The horn is activated when the push
button is pressed.
2) DIRECTION INDICATOR SWITCH
()
Move the switch to the left to indicate the
turn to the left; move the switch to the right
to indicate the turn to the right.
Press the switch to turn off the direction
indicator.
3) MODE BUTTON
Move the MODE joystick to the left/right
or press it to scroll UP/DOWN and
select the multifunction display pages.
4) DIMMER SWITCH ( - )
When it is in position "" the parking
lights, the instrument panel light and the
low beam are always on.
When it is in left position "", the high
beam comes on.
When it is in right position "", the
passing is activated, to be used in case
of danger or emergency.
5) FUEL TANK CAP COVER RELEASE
BUTTON
Press it to open the cover on fuel tank
to gain access to the fuel filler.
7
6
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT PART
OF THE HANDLEBAR
NOTE The electrical parts work only
when the ignition switch is in position “”.
6) ENGINE START / STOP SWITCH
( - -)
Set the switch to and press it in
position to start the engine: the
starter motor cranks the engine. For the
starting proced ure, see page 48
(STARTING).
When set to the engine stops.
WARNING
Do not set the switch to while riding.
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CAUTION
With the engine stopped and the switch
in position "", the battery may run flat.
When the vehicle has come to rest, after
stopping the engine, leave the switch to
position .
7) EMERGENCY FLASHER BUTTON
()
Press the button to activate all direction
indicators.
Can be enabled or disabled only with
ignition switch to "". When activated,
the direction indicators stay active even
when removing the key. To disable it,
set ignition switch back to "".
1
3
2
IGNITION SWITCH
The ignition switch (1) is positioned on the
upper plate of the steering column.
NOTE The key operates the ignition
switch/steering lock, the fuel filler cap
cover (3) release button (2) and the seat
lock (4).
Two keys are supplied together with the
vehicle (one spare key).
NOTE
vehicle.
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
Do not keep the spare key on the
4
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Position
Steering
lock
Function
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
Key removal
The steering It is possible
is locked. It to remove the
key.
is not
possible to
start the
engine.
The engine
cannot be
started.
It is possible
to remove the
key.
The engine
can be
started.
It is not
possible to
remove the
key.
1
3
STEERING LOCK
WARNING
Never turn the key to position “” in
running conditions, in order to avoid
losing control of the vehicle.
OPERATION
To lock the steering:
u Completely turn the handlebar to the
right or to the left.
u Turn the key (1) to position “”.
u Press the key (1) and rotate it to position
“”.
u Withdraw the key (1).
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1
2
UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see
page 55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
u Insert the key (1) in the seat lock (2).
u Turn the key (1) clockwise and raise and
remove the seat.
To lock the seat:
u Position the flaps (3) in the seat, lower
and press the seat, making the lock
snap.
WARNING
Before leaving, make sure that the seat
is properly locked.
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4
5
3
2
6
1
7
GLOVE COMPARTMENT
To gain access to the glove
compartment (2):
u Set the ignition switch to "" and press
the fuel filler cap cover release button
(1).
u Move the red safety hook to the left to
release it.
TOOL KIT COMPARTMENT
To gain access to the tool kit
compartment:
u Remove the seat, see page 27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT)
8
The tool kit includes:
–
–
–
–
–
3, 4 mm bent hexagon spanners (3);
8 – 10 mm double fork spanner (4);
11 – 13 mm double fork spanner (5);
16 mm socket spanner for spark plug (6);
double-ended, cross-/cut-headed
screwdriver (7);
– tool case (8);
– 13 mm combined wrench.
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Maximum allowed weight: 1.5 kg.
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Tool
Rear support stand (1), see
page 67 (POSITIONING THE
VEHICLE ON THE REAR
SUPPORT STAND J).
Operations
Rear wheel
disassembly.
Drive chain
adjustment.
Front support stand (2), see
Front wheel
page 67 (POSITIONING THE disassembly.
VEHICLE ON THE FRONT
SUPPORT STAND J).
Click clamp (3) installation
Click clamp
pliers, see page 60 (CLICK
installation.
CLAMPS).
1
SPECIAL TOOLS J
2
To perform some specific operations, it is
advisable to use the following special tools
(to be requested to an aprilia Authorised
Dealer):
3
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STRADA
2
3
4
1
5
ACCESSORIES J
The vehicle may be equipped with the following accessories that
also fit TRAIL model (to be requested to the aprilia Authorised
Dealer):
- Set of semirigid cases and fasteners (1)
- Dedicated luggage rack (2)
- 28 lt. Top case (3)
- 45 lt. Top case (3)
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-
Windshield adjustable in two positions using screws (4)
Centre stand kit (5).
Tank cover
Tank bag (is secured to the vehicle and fastens to tank cover)
Raised seat
Adjustable front brake lever
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MAIN COMPONENTS
FUEL
WARNING
WARNING
The fuel used for internal combustion
engines is extremely inflammable and
in particular conditions it can become
explosive.
It is important to carry out the refuelling
and the maintenance operations in a
well-ventilated area, with the engine off.
Do not smoke while refuelling or near
fuel vapours, in any case avoid any
contact with naked flames, sparks and
any other heat source to prevent the
fuel from catching fire or from
exploding.
Further, prevent fuel from flowing out of
the fuel filler, as it could catch fire when
getting in contact with the red-hot
surfaces of the engine.
In case some fuel has accidentally been
spilt, make sure that the area has
completely dried and before starting the
vehicle verify that there is no fuel inside
the fuel filler neck.
Since fuel expands under the heat of
the sun and due to the effects of sun
radiation, never fill the tank to the brim.
WARNING
Screw th e pl ug up carefull y after
refuelling. Avoid any contact of the fuel
with the skin and the inhalation of
vapours; do not swallow fuel or pour it
from a receptacle into another by
means of a tube.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE
ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
Use only unleaded fuel, in conformity with
the DIN 51 607 standard, min. O.N. 95
(RON) and 85 (MON)
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1
4
3
4
2
To refuel, proceed as follows:
u Insert the key (1) in the ignition switch
and set it to "".
u Press the fuel filler cap cover release
button (2).
u Move the red safety hook to the left to
release it.
u Lift the cover (3).
u Unscrew the filler plug (4).
FUEL TANK CAPACITY (reserve
included): 15 ±0.5 b
TANK RESERVE: approx. 3 b
CAUTION
Slight overpressure of the fuel tank.
When opening the fuel filler cap, you
might feel it breathes. Securely hold the
cap until pressure is completely bled.
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CAUTION
Do not put additives or other
substances into the fuel.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
WARNING
Do not fill the tank completely; the
maximum fuel level must remain below
the lower edge of the filler neck (see
figure).
CAUTION
During the refilling operations, be
careful to avoid damaging the inner
parts of the tank with the fuel pump.
u Refuel.
After refuelling:
u Screw the filler plug (4).
WARNING
Make sure that the cap is properly
closed.
u Close the cover (3).
u Remove the key from ignition switch.
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BRAKE FLUID - recommendations
NOTE
This vehicle is provided with front
and rear disc brakes, with separate
hydraulic circuits.
The following information refers to a single
braking system, but is valid for both.
WARNING
Sudden changes in brake lever play or a
spongy feel of the lever may indicate
problems with the hydraulic system.
If in doubt about the braking efficiency
of your bike or if you are not able to
perform routine checks, contact your
aprilia Authorised Dealer.
WARNING
Make sure that the brake discs are
neither oily nor greasy, especially after
maintenance or checking operations.
Check that the brake lines are neither
twisted nor worn out.
Prevent water or dust from accidentally
getting into the circuit.
In case maintenance operations are to
be performed on the hydraulic circuit, it
is advisable to use latex gloves.
If the brake fluid gets in contact with the
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious
irritations.
WARNING
Carefully wash the parts of your body
that get in contact with the fluid.
Consult a doctor or an oculist if the fluid
gets in contact with your eyes.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE FLUID IN
THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
CAUTION
When using the brake fluid, take care
not to spill it on the plastic or painted
parts, since it can damage them.
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DISC BRAKES
WARNING
The brakes are the parts that most
ensure your safety and for this reason
they must always be perfectly working;
check them before every trip.
A dirty disc soils the pads, with
consequent reduction of the braking
efficiency.
Dirty pads must be replaced, while dirty
discs must be cleaned with a highquality degreaser.
The brake fluid must be changed every
two years by an aprilia Authorised
Dealer.
Use brake fluid of the type specified in
the lubricant chart, see page 93
(LUBRICANT CHART).
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NOTE
This vehicle is provided with disc
brakes with two -front and rear- braking
systems having separate hydraulic circuits.
The front braking system is with single disc
(left side).
The rear brake uses a single disc (fitted to
the right side of the wheel).
The following information refers to a single
braking system, but is valid for both.
When the disc pads wear out, the level of
the fluid decreases to automatically
compensate for their wear.
The front brake fluid tank is positioned on
the right handlebar, near the front brake
lever coupling.
N OT E Carry out the maintenance
operations halving the intervals indicated, if
the vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas or
on uneven surfaces.
Have the brake discs checked by an aprilia
Authorised Dealer after the first 1000 km
(625 mi) and successively every 10000 km
(6250 mi).
Before departure, check the brake fluid level
in the reservoirs, see page 72 (CHECKING
THE BRAKE PAD WEAR), page 35 (FRONT
BRAKE), and the wear of the pads, see page
37 (REAR BRAKE).
Have the brake fluid changed every two
years by an aprilia Authorised Dealer.
The rear brake reservoir is positioned on
the right side of the vehicle, near the rear
brake control lever.
Do not use the vehicle if the braking
system leaks fluid.
WARNING
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1
FRONT BRAKE
CHECK
u Keep the vehicle in vertical position and
turn the handlebar, so that the fluid
contained in the tank is parallel to the
brake fluid tank cover.
u Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the “MIN” mark.
MIN= minimum level
If the fluid does not reach at least the “MIN”
mark:
CAUTION
When the disc pads wear out, the level
of the fluid decreases progressively to
compensate for their wear.
u Check the brake pad wear, see page 72
(CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR)
and the disc wear.
If the pads and/or the disc do not need
replacing, provide for topping up.
TOPPING UP
2
u Unscrew the screw (2).
Carefully read page 33 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations).
CAUTION
The brake fluid may flow out of the tank.
Do not operate the front brake lever if
the screws (1) and (2) are loose or, most
important, if the brake fluid tank cover
has been removed.
WARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the
brake fluid to the air.
The brake fluid is hygroscopic and
when in contact with the air it absorbs
its humidity.
Leave the brake fluid tank open ONLY
for the time necessary for topping up.
CAUTION
Position a cloth under the brake
reservoir, in case some fluid should be
spilled.
u Keep the vehicle in vertical position and
turn the handlebar, so that the fluid
contained in the tank is parallel to the
brake fluid tank cover.
u Unscrew the screw (1), using a short,
Phillips screwdriver.
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1
3
7
6
2
4
5
u Lift and remove the cover (3) with screws
(1) and (2) and protection (4).
u Remove the gasket (5).
CAUTION
In order not to spill the brake fluid while
topping up, do not shake the vehicle.
Do not put additives or other
substances into the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
NOTE In order to reach the “MAX” level,
top up until covering the glass (6)
completely, with the brake fluid reservoir rim
parallel to the ground.
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u Top up the reservoir (7) by adding brake
fluid, see page 93 (LUBRICANT
CHART), until reaching the correct level.
CAUTION
Do not exceed the “MAX” level while
topping up.
It is advisable to top up until reaching
the “MAX” level only with new pads.
Do not reach the “MAX” level with worn
out pads, since this will cause a fluid
outflow when the pads are changed.
u Put back the gasket (5) in its seat
correctly.
u Reposition protection (4) with cover (3).
u Screw and tighten the screw (2).
u Screw and tighten the screw (1).
WARNING
Check the braking efficiency.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever or reduced efficiency of the
braking system, contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer, since it may be
necessary to bleed the system.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 37 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
CAUTION
In order not to spill the brake fluid while
topping up, keep the fluid in the tank
parallel to the tank rim (in horizontal
position).
Do not put additives or other
substances into the fluid.
REAR BRAKE
CHECK
u Keep the vehicle in vertical position.
u Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the “MIN” mark.
MIN= minimum level
MAX= maximum level
If the fluid does not reach at least the “MIN”
mark:
CAUTION
When the disc pads wear out, the level
of the fluid decreases progressively to
compensate for their wear.
u Check the brake pad wear, see page 72
(CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR)
and the disc wear.
If the pads and/or the disc do not need
replacing, provide for topping up.
TOPPING UP
Carefully read page 33 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations).
CAUTION
The brake fluid may flow out of the tank.
Do not pull the rear brake lever if the
brake fluid tank cover has been
removed.
WARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the
brake fluid to the air.
The brake fluid is hygroscopic and
when in contact with the air it absorbs
its humidity.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
u Fill the tank (3) with brake fluid, see page
93 (LUBRICANT CHART), until reaching
the correct level between the “MIN” and
“MAX” marks.
CAUTION
It is advisable to top up until reaching
the “MAX” level only with new pads.
Do not reach the “MAX” level with worn
out pads, since this will cause a fluid
outflow when the pads are changed.
Check the braking efficiency.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever or reduced efficiency of the
braking system, contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer, since it may be
necessary to bleed the system.
Leave the brake fluid tank open ONLY
for the time necessary for topping up.
u Unscrew and remove the plug (1).
u Remove the gasket (2).
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COOLANT
WARNING
CAUTION
Do not use the vehicle if the coolant is
below the minimum prescribed level
“MIN”.
NOTE
Carry out the maintenance
operations halving the intervals indicated, if
the vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas
or on uneven surfaces.
Before departure, check the coolant level,
see page 39 (CHECKING AND TOPPING
UP); have the coolant changed every two
years: for this operation, contact an
aprilia Authorised Dealer.
WARNING
Coolant is toxic when ingested. Contact
with eyes or skin may cause irritation.
n the event of contact with eyes or skin,
rinse repeatedly with abundant water
and seek medical advice. In the event of
ingestion, induce vomiting, rinse mouth
and throat with abundant water and
seek medical advice immediately.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE FLUID IN
THE ENVIRONMENT.
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Be careful not to spill the coolant on the
red-hot parts of the engine: it may catch
fire and send out invisible flames.
1
In case any maintenance operation
should be required, it is advisable to
use latex gloves.
CAUTION
Have the pads changed by your aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
The coolant is composed of 50% water and
50% antifreeze.
This mixture is ideal for most operating
temperatures and ensures good protection
against corrosion.
It is advisable to keep the same mixture
also in the hot season, since in this way
losses due to evaporation are reduced and
it is not necessary to top up very
frequently.
The mineral salt deposits left in the radiator
by evaporated water are thus reduced and
the efficiency of the cooling system
remains unchanged.
If the outdoor temperature is below 0 °C,
check the cooling circuit frequently and if
necessary increase the antifreeze
concentration (up to maximum 60%).
For the cooling solution use distilled water,
in order not to damage the engine.
WARNING
Do not remove the expansion tank plug
(1) when the engine is hot, since the
coolant might be hot.
If it gets in contact with the skin or with
clothes it may cause severe burns
and/or damage.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 39 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
u Top up the expansion tank by adding
2
1
coolant, see page 93 (LUBRICANT
CHART), until this almost reaches the
“MAX” level. Do not exceed this level,
otherwise the fluid will flow out while the
engine is running.
u Put back the filling cap (1).
CAUTION
In case of excessive consumption of
coolant and in case the tank remains
empty, make sure that there are no
leaks in the circuit. Have it repaired by
an aprilia Authorised Dealer.
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
WARNING
Check the coolant level and top up the
expansion tank with cold engine.
u Stop the engine and wait until it has
cooled down.
u Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
u Make sure that the level of the fluid
contained in the expansion tank (2) is
included between the “MAX COLD
LEVEL” and “MIN”.
MAX COLD LEVEL= maximum level
MIN= minimum level
WARNING
Coolant is toxic when ingested. Contact
with eyes or skin may cause irritation.
Do not use your fingers or any other
object to check if there is enough
coolant.
CAUTION
Do not put additives or other
substances into the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
If not, proceed as follows:
u Unscrew and remove the filling cap (1).
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TYRES
There are several kinds of wear
indicators. For more information on
how to check the wear, contact your
Dealer.
Visually check if the tyres are worn and
in this case have them changed.
STRADA model is equipped with tubeless
tires; TRAIL model is provided with tires
with tube.
NOTE
Carry out the maintenance
operations halving the intervals indicated, if
the vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas
or on uneven surfaces.
Change the tyre when it is worn out or
in case of puncture on the tread side, if
the puncture is larger than 5 mm.
WARNING
After repairing a tyre, have the wheels
balanced.
Check the inflation pressure at room
temperature every two weeks.
Check the conditions of the tyres and
the inflation pressure at room
temperature every 1000 km (625 mi),
see page 90 (TECHNICAL DATA).
WARNING
Periodically check the tyre inflation
pressure at room temperature, see page
90 (TECHNICAL DATA).
If the tyres are hot, the measurement is
not correct.
Carry out the measurement especially
before and after long rides.
If the inflation pressure is too high, the
ground unevenness cannot be
dampened and is therefore transmitted
to the handlebar, thus compromising
the driving comfort and reducing the
road holding during turns.
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WARNING
If, on the contrary, the inflation pressure
is too low, the tyre sides (1) are under
greater stress and the tyre itself may
slip on the rim or it may become loose,
with consequent loss of control of the
vehicle.
In case of sudden braking the tyres
could even come off the rims.
Further, the vehicle could skid while
turning.
WARNING
Check the surface and the wear of the
tyres, since tyres in bad conditions can
impair both the grip and the vehicle
handling.
Some types of tyres homologated for
this vehicle are provided with wear
indicators.
The tyres must be replaced with other
tyres of the type and model
recommended by the manufacturer, see
page 90 (TECHNICAL DATA); the use of
tyres different from those prescribed
may
adversely
affect
the
manoeuvrability of the vehicle.
Do not install tyres with air tube on rims
for tubeless tyres and vice versa.
Make sure that the inflation valves (2)
always have their sealing caps on, to
prevent the tyres from suddenly going
flat.
Change, repa ir, maintenanc e and
balancing operations are very important
and therefore they must be performed
by qualified technicians with
appropriate tools.
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ENGINE OIL
WARNING
Engine oil may cause serious damage
to the skin if handled daily and for long
periods.
Wash your hands carefully after use.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
1
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE OIL IN THE
ENVIRONMENT.
WARNING
For this reason, it is advisable to have
the above mentioned operations carried
out by an aprilia Authorised Dealer or
by a qualified tyre repairer.
If the tyres are new, they may still be
covered with a slippery film: ride
carefully for the first miles. Do not oil
the tyres with unsuitable fluids. If the
tyres are old, even if not completely
worn out, they may become hard and
may not ensure good road holding.
In this case, replace them.
MINIMUM TREAD DEPTH LIMIT (3):
front and rear 2 mm and in any case not
less than prescribed by the regulations in
force in the country where the vehicle is
used.
Put it in a sealed container and take it to
the filling station where you usually buy
it or to an oil salvage centre.
In case any maintenance operation
should be required, it is advisable to
use latex gloves.
CAUTION
If the alarm light (1) on the instrument
panel and the engine oil pressure icon
on the display come on during engine
normal operation, it means that the
engine oil pressure in the circuit is low.
In this case, check the engine oil level,
see page 61 (CHECKING THE ENGINE
OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP); if the
level is not correct, stop the engine
immediately and contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
CAUTION
Proceed with care.
Do not spill the oil!
Take care not to smear any component,
the area in which you are working and
the surrounding area. Carefully remove
any trace of oil.
In case of leakage or malfunctions,
contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer.
Periodically check the engine oil level, see
page 61 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL
LEVEL AND TOPPING UP).
For the engine oil change, see page 58
(REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS
CHART).
NOTE
Use high-quality 15W – 50 oil,
see page 93 (LUBRICANT CHART).
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2
3
1
10 mm
CLUTCH
ADJUSTING THE CLUTCH
Adjust the clutch after the first 1000 km
(625 mi) and successively every 10000 km
(6250 mi) and when the engine stops or
the vehicle (with pulled clutch lever and
gears on) tends to move forward, or if the
clutch slips, causing a delay in the
acceleration with respect to the engine
rpm.
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For the adjustment, proceed as follows:
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see
page 55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
u Withdraw the protection element (1).
u Loosen the lock nut (2).
u Rotate the adjuster (3), until the idle
stroke of the clutch lever is about 10
mm.
u Tighten the lock nut (2) and check the
adjustment again.
u Start the engine, see page 48
(STARTING).
u Pull the clutch control lever completely
and engage the 1st gear.
Make sure that the engine does not stop,
that the vehicle does not tend to move
forward, or that the clutch does not slip
during the acceleration phase or while the
vehicle is running.
WARNING
If it is not possible to obtain a correct
adjustment or if the clutch does not
operate properly, contact your aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
CAUTION
Make sure that the clutch control cable
is intact: the inner cable and outer
sheath must not be worn or flattened at
any point.
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CAUTION
Make sure that there is a certain idle
stroke in the movement of the lever (5),
to prevent the brake from remaining
applied and the consequent untimely
wear of the braking elements.
4
3
5
2
Lever (5) idle stroke: 4 mm (measured at
the lever end).
u Lock the master cylinder control rod (4)
by means of the lock nut (3).
CAUTION
ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE
CONTROL LEVER CLEARANCE
The brake control lever is positioned
ergonomically during the assembly of the
vehicle.
If necessary, it is possible to adjust the
brake control lever clearance:
u Screw the brake adjuster (2) completely.
u Screw the lock nut (3) completely on the
master cylinder control rod (4).
u Screw the master cylinder control rod (4)
completely, then unscrew it by giving 3 –
4 turns.
u Unscrew the brake adjuster (2) until the
brake lever reaches the desired height.
u Unscrew the master cylinder control rod
(4) and bring it in contact with the master
cylinder piston.
u Screw the rod in order to ensure a
minimum clearance of 0.5 – 1 mm
between the master cylinder control rod
(4) and the master cylinder piston.
After the adjustment, make sure that the
wheel rotates freely with released
brake.
Check the braking efficiency.
If necessary, contact your aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
EXHAUST SILENCERS
WARNING
Avoid parking the vehicle catalytic
version near dry brush wood or in
places easily accessible to children, as
the catalytic silencer becomes
extremely hot during use; be very
careful and avoid any kind of contact
until it has completely cooled down.
The catalytic vehicle is fitted with a silencer
with metal catalytic converter of the
“platinum-rhodium” two-way type.
This device provides for the oxidation of
the CO (carbon monoxide) and of the HC
(unburned hydrocarbons) contained in the
exhaust gases, changing them into carbon
dioxide and steam, respectively.
CAUTION
Do not use leaded fuel, since it
seriously damages the catalytic
converter.
NOTE The following information refers
to a single exhaust silencer, but is valid for
both.
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EXHAUST SILENCERS
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE
WARNING
Tampering with the noise control
system is prohibited.
Owners are warned that the law may
prohibit:
– the removal or rendering inoperative by
any person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle – for the purpose of
noise control – prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
– the use of the vehicle after such device or
element of design has been removed or
rendered inoperative by any person.
Check the exhaust silencer and the silencer
pipes, making sure that there are neither
signs of rust, nor holes and that the exhaust
system works effectively.
If the noise produced by the exhaust system
increases, immediately contact your
aprilia Authorised Dealer.
GETTING ON AND OFF THE
VEHICLE
The instructions below must be followed
with the maximum care in order to avoid
any injury to persons and damage to
property and to the vehicle, caused by the
falling of the rider or the passenger from
the vehicle and/or the falling or overturning
of the vehicle itself.
WARNING
Risk of falling and overturning.
Proceed with care.
When getting on and off the vehicle, make
sure nothing can impair your movements.
Also, your hands should be free (replace
any objects, such as your helmet, gloves or
dangling glasses before mounting or
dismounting).
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
The vehicle is provided with two stands:
centre stand and side stand.
CAUTION
Do not start the engine with the vehicle
positioned on the centre stand.
Engaging the gears may make you lose
control of the vehicle.
Do not get on or let the passenger get
on the vehicle if this is positioned on
the centre stand.
It is forbidden to position the vehicle on
the centre stand while seated astride
the vehicle in riding position.
Get on and off the vehicle only from the left
side and always with extended side stand.
CAUTION
Do not apply the load of your weight or
of the passenger’s weight onto the side
stand.
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In any case, perform a controlled
movement with your right leg, which must
avoid striking and safely pass the rear part
of the fairing or the luggage without creating
unbalance.
GETTING ON THE VEHICLE
u Grasp the handlebar correctly and get on
the vehicle without loading your weight
onto the side stand.
NOTE
The stand has been designed to support
the weight of the vehicle and a minimum
load, without the rider and the passenger.
The purpose of placing the vehicle on the
side stand before mounting is to keep the
vehicle from falling or overturning. This
does not mean that the side stand should
be used to support the weight of rider and
passenger.
While getting on and off, the weight of the
vehicle may make you lose balance, and
the vehicle may fall or overturn.
NOTE
The rider must always be the first
person to get on the vehicle and the last to
get off and it is the rider who controls the
balance and stability of the vehicle when
the passenger gets on and off.
When getting on and off the vehicle, the
passenger must make careful movements,
in order to maintain the balance of the
vehicle and the rider.
NOTE
The rider is responsible for
instructing the passenger on how to safely
get on and off the vehicle.
The vehicle is equipped with special
passenger footrests to make it easier to get
on and off the vehicle. The passenger must
always use the left footrest to get on and
off the vehicle.
Neither get off, nor try to get off the vehicle
by jumping or stretching your leg down to
the ground. In both cases this would
compromise the stability and balance of
the vehicle.
NOTE Bags or objects strapped to the
rear of the vehicle can represent an
obstacle while getting on and off.
If it is impossible for you to place
both feet on the ground, place the right foot
on the ground (in case of unbalance, the
left side of the vehicle is prevented from
falling over by the side stand) and keep the
left foot ready to rest on the ground.
u Place both feet on the ground and
straighten the vehicle into riding position
while keeping it in balance.
NOTE The rider must not extract or
attempt to extract the passenger footrest
while seated astride the vehicle, because
this might compromise the stability and
balance of the vehicle.
u Have the passenger extract the two
passenger footrests.
u Instruct the passenger on how to safely
get on the vehicle.
u Kick the side stand completely back
using your left foot.
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CAUTION
Risk of falling and overturning.
Make sure that the passenger has got
off the vehicle.
Do not load your weight onto the side
stand.
u Incline the vehicle until the stand rests
on the ground.
u Grasp the handlebar correctly and get off
GETTING OFF THE VEHICLE
u Choose a suitable parking area, see
page 54 (PARKING).
u Stop the vehicle, see page 54
(STOPPING).
WARNING
Make sure that the parking surface is
free from obstacles, firm and flat.
u With the left shoe heel, extend the side
stand completely by acting on the
appropriate lever.
NOTE If it is impossible for you to place
both feet on the ground, place the right foot
on the ground (in case of unbalance, the
left side of the vehicle is prevented from
falling over by the side stand) and keep the
left foot ready to rest on the ground.
u Place both feet on the ground, keeping
the vehicle in balance in riding position.
u Instruct the passenger how to safely get
off the vehicle.
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
the vehicle.
u Rotate
the handlebar completely
leftwards.
u Lift the passenger footrests.
CAUTION
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
PRELIMINARY CHECKING
OPERATIONS
WARNING
Before departure, always carry out a
preliminary checking of the vehicle to
make sure that it functions correctly
and safely, see the table (PRELIMINARY
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
Failure to comply with these checking
operations can cause severe personal
injuries or damages to the vehicle.
Do not hesitate to consult your aprilia
Authorised Dealer in case there is
something you do not understand about
the operation of some controls or in case
you suspect or discover some failures.
It does not take long to carry out a checkup and this operation ensures you much
more safety.
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PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS
Component
Front and rear disc
brakes
Throttle
Engine oil
Wheel/tyres
Brake levers
Clutch
Steering
Side stand and
centre stand J
(supplied as
standard equipment
in the countries
where required)
Fastening elements
Drive chain
Fuel tank
Coolant
Check
Check the operation, the idle stroke of the control levers, the fluid level and make
sure there are no leaks.
Check the wear of the pads.
If necessary, top up the fluid tank.
Make sure that it works smoothly and that it is possible to open and close it
completely, in all steering positions. If necessary, adjust and/or lubricate it.
Check and/or top up if necessary.
Check the tyre surface, the inflation pressure, wear and tear and any damage.
Remove any foreign matter that may be stuck in the tread grooves.
Make sure that they work smoothly.
Lubricate the articulations and adjust the stroke if necessary.
The idle stroke at the end of the clutch lever must be approximately 10 mm; the clutch
must work without jerking and/or slipping.
Make sure that the steering rotates smoothly, without any clearance or looseness.
Make sure that it operates correctly. Make sure that when the stand is let up or down
there is no friction and that the spring tension brings it back to its normal position.
If necessary, lubricate joints and articulations.
Make sure that the safety switch operates correctly.
Make sure that the fastening elements are not loose. If necessary, adjust or tighten
them.
Check the slack.
Check the fuel level and top up, if necessary.
Check the circuit for leaks.
Make sure that the fuel cap is correctly closed.
The coolant level in the expansion tank must be included between “MAX COLD
LEVEL” and “MIN” marks.
Page
33 (BRAKE FLUID - recommendations), 34
(DISC BRAKES), 35 (FRONT BRAKE), 37
(REAR BRAKE), 72 (CHECKING THE
BRAKE PAD WEAR)
74 (ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR
CONTROL)
41 (ENGINE OIL), 61 (CHECKING THE
ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP)
40 (TYRES)
43 (ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE
CONTROL LEVER CLEARANCE)
42 (CLUTCH)
–
81 (CHECKING THE SWITCHES)
–
68 (DRIVE CHAIN)
31 (FUEL)
38 (COOLANT), 39 (CHECKING AND
TOPPING UP)
Engine start stop
25 [ENGINE START / STOP SWITCH ( - Make sure that it operates correctly.
)]
switch ( - - )
Lights, warning lights
77 (BATTERY) – 86 (CHANGING THE
LED, horn, rear
Check horn and indicators for proper operation. Change bulbs or fix a failure, if
NUMBER PLATE BULB)
brake light switch
necessary.
end electric devices
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1
3
2
STARTING
NOTE
WARNING
Do not position any object inside the
front fairing (between the handlebar and
the instrument panel), in order not to
hinder the rotation of the handlebar and
visibility toward the instrument panel.
NOTE
Before starting the engine,
carefully read chapter “safe drive”, see
page 5 (SAFE DRIVE).
WARNING
Exhaust emissions contain carbon
oxide, which is a poisonous gas and
extremely harmful if inhaled.
Avoid starting the engine in closed or
badly-ventilated rooms.
Failure to heed this warning may cause
loss of consciousness or even lead to
death by asphyxia.
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
With the side stand down, the
engine can be started only if the gearbox is
in neutral; in this case, if you try to engage
the gears, the engine stops.
With the side stand up, it is possible to start
the engine either in neutral gear or with
engaged gears and pulled in clutch lever.
u Get on the vehicle in riding position, see
page 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE
VEHICLE).
u Make sure that the stand is completely
up.
u Make sure that the dimmer switch (1) is
in position “”.
u Move the engine start-stop switch (2) to
position “”.
u Turn the key (3) and move the ignition
switch to position “”.
4
Now all lights on the instrument panel turn
on and immediately off.
The fuel pump will pressurise the fuel
supply circuit, sending out a hum for about
three seconds.
CAUTION
If the low fuel warning light “” (4) on
the instrument panel comes on, provide
for topping up as soon as possible, see
page 31 (FUEL).
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9
7
5
8
6
u Operate the front brake lever completely.
u Pull the clutch lever (5) completely and
shift the gearbox lever (6) into neutral
[green warning light “” (7) on].
CAUTION
To avoid excessive drainage of the
battery, do not keep the start-stop push
button pressed to “” for more than
fifteen seconds.
If the engine does not start in this lapse
of time, wait ten seconds and press the
start-stop push button again to “”.
u Press the start-stop push button (8) to
“” without accelerating and release it
as soon as the engine starts.
CAUTION
Avoid pressing the start-stop push
button (8) to “” when the engine is
running, since you may damage the
starter.
If the engine oil pressure light
(9)
stays on after the engine is running or
comes on during normal engine
operation, and at the same time even
the symbol on the display is on, it
means that engine oil pressure in the
circuit is low.
In this case, stop the engine
immediately and contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
u Keep at least one brake lever pulled and
do not accelerate until you start.
CAUTION
Never leave abruptly with cold engine.
To reduce the emission of polluting
substances and the consumption of
fuel, warm the engine up by proceeding
at low speed for the first miles.
CAUTION
If the light
(9) stays on or comes on
during normal engine operation, and at
the same time even the symbol "EFI" on
the display is on, it means that the
control unit has detected a failure.
In many cases the engine keeps
running with limited performance;
immediately contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
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1
MOVING OFF AND RIDING
WARNING
Do not position any object inside the
front fairing (between the handlebar and
the instrument panel), in order not to
hinder the rotation of the handlebar and
visibility toward the instrument panel.
NOTE
Before moving off, carefully read
the “safe drive” chapter, see page 5 (SAFE
DRIVE).
CAUTION
If the low fuel warning light “” (1)
positioned on the instrument panel
comes on while the vehicle is running,
this means that 5 b of fuel are still
available in the tank.
Provide for topping up as soon as
possible, see page 31 (FUEL).
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
WARNING
If you ride without passenger, make
sure that the passenger footrests are
folded.
While riding, keep your hands on the
grips and your feet on the footrests.
NEVER RIDE IN ANY POSITION OTHER
THAN THOSE INDICATED.
WARNING
If you ride with a passenger, instruct
him/her so that he/she does not create
problems during manoeuvres.
Before leaving, make sure that the
stand is completely up.
To leave:
u Start the engine, see page 48
(STARTING).
u Adjust the inclination of the rear-view
mirrors correctly.
CAUTION
With the vehicle at rest, try to get
acquainted with the use of the rear-view
mirrors. The reflecting surface is
convex, therefore the objects seem to
be farther away than they actually are.
These mirrors offer a “wide-angle”
view. It may take some time to learn to
accurately judge the distance of traffic
behind.
u With released throttle grip (2) (Pos.A) and
engine idling, pull the clutch lever (3)
completely.
u Engage the first gear, by pushing the
gear lever (4) downwards.
u Release the brake lever (pulled on the
starting).
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2
5
4
3
WARNING
On departure, the abrupt release of the
clutch lever may cause the engine to
stall or the vehicle to jerk forward.
Never accelerate abruptly or
excessively when releasing the clutch
lever, in order to prevent the clutch
from “slipping” (slow release) or the
front wheel from raising “rearing up”
(quick release).
u Slowly release the clutch lever (3) and at
the same time accelerate by slightly
turning the throttle grip (2) (Pos.B).
The vehicle will start moving.
u Ride at reduced speed for the first miles,
in order to warm the engine up.
CAUTION
Never exceed the recommended rpm,
see page 53 (RUNNING-IN).
u Increase the speed by gradually rotating
the throttle grip (2) (Pos.B), without
exceeding the recommended rpm, see
page 53 (RUNNING-IN).
To engage the second gear:
CAUTION
Proceed quickly.
Never ride the vehicle at too low rpm.
u Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos.A), pull
In this case, stop the engine
immediately and contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
The downshifting should be carried out
in the following situations:
u When riding downhill or when braking, in
order to increase the braking action by
using the compression of the engine.
u When riding uphill, if the gear engaged is
not suitable to the speed (high gear,
moderate speed) and the engine rpm
decreases.
CAUTION
Shift the gears one by one; the
simultaneous downshifting of more
than one gear may make you exceed the
maximum rpm (redline).
Before and during the downshifting,
release the throttle grip and decelerate,
in order to avoid the “redline”.
Maximum set rpm are indicated by a
light
(5) that flashes.
the clutch lever (3) and lift the gear shift
lever (4). Release the clutch lever (3)
and accelerate.
u Repeat the last two operations and shift
up.
CAUTION
If the light
(5) stays on or comes on
during normal engine operation, and at
the same time even the symbol on the
display is on, it means that engine il
pressure in the circuit is low.
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To shift down, proceed as follows:
u Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos.A).
u If necessary, pull the brake levers
moderately and decrease the speed of
the vehicle.
u Pull the clutch lever (3) and lower the
gear shift lever (4) to shift down.
u If the brake levers are pulled, release
them.
u Release the clutch lever and accelerate
moderately.
CAUTION
If the display shows error message "", it
means that coolant temperature is over
118 °C: stop the vehicle and let the engine
idle for approximately two minutes, thus
permitting the regular circulation of the
coolant in the system; at this point,
position the engine start-stop switch on
“” and check the coolant level,
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
see page 38 (COOLANT).
If the situation on the instrument panel
remains the same after the coolant level
has been checked, do not start the
vehicle and contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
Do not position the ignition key on “”,
s i n c e t he c o o li n g f a n w ou ld s t op
independently of the coolant temperature
and in this case the temperature would
increase even further.
If the error message "
SERVICE"
appears on the display during normal
engine operation, it means that the ECU
has detected a failure.
In many cases the engine keeps running
with limited performance; immediately
contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer.
To avoid the overheating of the clutch,
keep the engine running with vehicle at
rest, engaged gears and pulled clutch
lever for the shortest time possible.
WARNING
Avoid opening and closing the throttle
repeatedly and continuously, so that you
do not accidentally lose control of the
vehicle. If you have to brake, close the
throttle and put on both brakes in order to
obtain uniform deceleration, properly
exerting pressure on the braking parts.
Using one brake only reduces braking
force significantly and may lock a wheel
resulting in loss of grip.
If you stop uphill, decelerate completely
and use the brakes only to keep the
vehicle steady.
The use of the engine to keep the vehicle
steady may cause the overheating of the
clutch.
When approaching a bend, slow down or
brake in good time. Take the bend at
moderate, steady speed or accelerate
slightly. Late braking may put the vehicle
into a skid.
If the brakes are operated continuously
on downhill stretches, the friction
surfaces may overheat, thus reducing the
braking efficiency. Exploit the engine
compression and shift down by putting
on both brakes intermittently.
Never ride downhill with the engine off!
When visibility is insufficient, switch on
the low beam even during the day, in
order to make your vehicle more visible.
In case of wet ground or scarce wheel
grip (snow, ice, mud, etc.), ride slowly,
avoiding sudden braking or manoeuvres
that could make you lose grip and fall
down.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 53 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
WARNING
Pay the utmost attention to any
obstacle or variation of the ground.
Uneven road surfaces, rails, inspection
covers, painted signals, construction
site metal covers become slippery in
rainy weather and must be negotiated
carefully, smoothly and keeping the
vehicle upright.
Always signal your intention to change
lanes or direction in good time using
the direction indicators. Avoid sudden
manoeuvres.
Switch off the direction indicators
immediately after changing direction.
Be very careful when overtaking or
being overtaken.
When it rains, large vehicles lift surface
wa t e r , w hi c h a f f e c t s v is ib i li t y . I n
addition, the slip stream may make you
lose control of the vehicle.
RUNNING-IN
The running-in of the engine is essential to
ensure its life and correct operation.
If possible, ride on hilly roads and/or roads
with many bends, so that the engine, the
suspensions and the brakes undergo a
more effective running-in.
During running-in, change speed.
In this way the components are first
“loaded” and then “relieved” and the
engine parts can thus cool down.
Even if it is important to stress the engine
components during running-in, take care
not to exceed.
NOTE Only after the first 2000 km (1250
mi) of running-in you can expect the best
performance levels from the vehicle.
Keep to the following indications:
u Do not open the throttle completely if the
speed is low, both during and after
running-in.
u During the first 500 km (312 mi) put on
the brakes with caution, avoiding sharp
and prolonged braking. This ensures a
correct bedding-in of the pads on the
brake disc.
u During the first 500 km (312 mi) never
exceed 4000 rpm.
u When the total number of km covered by
the vehicle is included between 500 km
(312 mi) and 1000 km (625 mi), never
exceed 5000 rpm.
WARNING
After the first 1000 km (625 mi), have an
aprilia Authorised Dealer carry out the
checks indicated in the column “After
running-in” of the regular service
intervals chart, see page 58 (REGULAR
SERVICE INTERVALS CHART), in order
to avoid hurting yourself or other
people and/or damaging the vehicle.
u Between the first 1000 (625 mi) and
2000 km (1250 mi) ride more briskly,
change speed and use the maximum
acceleration only for a few seconds, in
order to ensure better coupling of the
components); never exceed 5500 rpm
(see table).
u After the first 2000 km (1250 mi) you can
gradually expect better performance
from the engine.
Engine maximum rpm recommended
Mileage km (mi)
rpm
0 – 500 (0 – 312)
4000
500 – 1000 (312 – 625)
5000
1000 – 2000 (625 – 1250)
5500
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53
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WARNING
4
The fall or excessive inclination of the
vehicle may cause the fuel to flow out of
the tank.
The fuel used for internal combustion
engines is extremely inflammable and
in particular conditions it can become
explosive.
5
CAUTION
3
PARKING
STOPPING
WARNING
If possible, avoid stopping abruptly,
sl ow in g do wn su dd enl y and li mit
braking.
u Release the throttle grip (1) (Pos.A),
gradually put on the brakes and at the
same time shift down in order to
decrease the speed, see page 50
(MOVING OFF AND RIDING).
Once the speed has decreased, before
stopping the vehicle:
u Pull the clutch lever (2) in order to
prevent the engine from stalling.
When the vehicle has come to rest:
u Shift the gear lever to neutral (green
warning light “” on).
u Release the clutch lever (2).
u In case of a brief stop, keep at least one
brake on.
54
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
It is very important to choose a suitable
parking area, respecting the road signs and
the indications given below.
WARNING
Park the vehicle on firm and flat ground,
to prevent it from falling down.
Neither lean the vehicle against walls,
nor lay it on the ground.
Make sure that the vehicle and
especially its red-hot parts do not
represent a danger for persons and
children. Do not leave the vehicle
unattended when the engine is on or the
key is inserted into the ignition switch.
Stay away from the cooling fans even
when they are not operating. They
might switch on unexpectedly and your
clothing or hair might be caught in the
fans.
Do not apply the load of your weight or
of the passenger’s weight onto the side
stand.
To park the vehicle:
u Choose a suitable parking area.
u Stop the vehicle, see page 54
(STOPPING).
u Move the engine start-stop switch (3) to
position .
u Rotate the key (4) and move the ignition
switch (5) to position “”.
WARNING
When getting on or off the vehicle, keep
to the instructions given, see page 44
(GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
u Following the indications, wait until the
passenger has got off the vehicle before
dismounting.
u Lock the steering, see page 27
(STEERING LOCK) and extract the key.
WARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 55 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
u Choose a suitable parking area, see
page 54 (PARKING).
u Grasp the left grip (1) and the handle (2).
u Press the side stand with your right foot
and extend it completely (3).
4
u Incline the vehicle until the stand rests
on the ground.
u Steer
the
handlebar
leftwards.
completely
WARNING
3
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND
SIDE STAND
To place the vehicle on the side stand
while seated astride the vehicle, see page
44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE
VEHICLE).
If any manoeuvre (for example, moving the
vehicle) required the lifting of the stand, to
place the vehicle on the stand again,
proceed as follows:
WARNING
Make sure that the parking surface is
free from obstacles, firm and flat.
CENTRE STAND J (supplied as
standard equipment in the countries
where required).
WARNING
It is forbidden to position the vehicle on
the centre stand while seated astride
the vehicle in riding position.
WARNING
Make sure that the parking surface is
free from obstacles, firm and flat.
u Choose a suitable parking area, see
page 54 (PARKING).
u Grasp the left grip (1) and the handle (2).
CAUTION
The lowering of the side stand is
suggested, for safety reasons, in order
to prevent the vehicle from falling down
or overturning in case of unbalance.
NOTE
Do not let the side stand touch
the ground. Keep the vehicle in vertical
position.
u Press the side stand with your right foot
and extend it completely (3).
u Push down the lever (4) (Pos.A) of the
centre stand and make it rest on the
ground.
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55
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1
4
CAUTION
Proceed with care.
The positioning of the vehicle on the
centre stand may be difficult, since the
vehicle is very heavy. Release the grip
(1) and the handle (2) only after
positioning the vehicle on the stand.
u Load your weight on the lever (4)
(Pos.B) of the centre stand and at the
same time move your centre of gravity
towards the rear part of the vehicle
(Pos.C).
WARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
u Let the side stand up.
56
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT
THEFT
CAUTION
Do not use any “brake lock” devices.
Failure to heed this warning can
seriously damage the braking system
and lead to an accident thus provoking
serious injuries or death.
NEVER leave the ignition key (1) inserted
and always use the steering lock “”.
Park the vehicle in a safe place, possibly in
a garage or a protected place.
When possible, use an additional antitheft
device.
Make sure that all documents are in order
and the road tax has been paid.
Wr ite down your personal data and
telephone number in this page, to facilitate
the identification of the owner in case of
finding after theft.
SURNAME: ................................................
NAME:........................................................
ADDRESS:.................................................
...................................................................
TELEPHONE NO.:.....................................
NOTE
Very often stolen vehicles are
identified thanks to the data written in the
use/maintenance manual.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 57 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for
the reassembly of the units repeat the
disassembly operations in reverse
order.
Carefully read page 2 (SAFETY
WARNINGS),
(TECHNICAL
INFORMATION) and (WARNINGS PRECAUTIONS - GENERAL ADVICE).
WARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable
substances away from the electrical
components.
Before beginning any maintenance
operation or any inspection of the
vehicle, stop the engine, extract the key
from the ignition switch, wait until the
engine and the exhaust system have
cooled down and if possible lift the
vehicle by means of the proper
equipment, on firm and flat ground.
WARNING
Before proceeding, make sure that the
room in which you are working is
properly ventilated.
Keep away from the red-hot parts of the
engine and of the exhaust system, in
order to avoid burns.
Do not hold any mechanical piece or
other parts of the vehicle with your
mouth: the components are not edible
and some of them are harmful or even
toxic.
In case any maintenance operation
should be required, it is advisable to
use latex gloves.
Routine maintenance operations can
usually be carried out by the user, but
sometimes specific tools and specific
technical skills may be required.
In case periodic maintenance operations,
assistance or technical advice are needed,
contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer,
who will ensure you prompt and accurate
servicing.
Ask your aprilia Authorised Dealer to
test the vehicle on the road after a repair or
periodic maintenance operation.
In any case, personally carry out the
“Preliminary checking operations” after any
maintenance operation, see page 47
(PRELIMINARY
CHECKING
OPERATIONS).
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57
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REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS
CHART
Component
OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY
THE aprilia Authorised Dealer (WHICH
CAN BE CARRIED OUT EVEN BY THE
USER).
Key
" = check and clean, adjust, lubricate or
change, if necessary;
# = clean;
$ = change;
% = adjust.
NOTE
Carry out the maintenance
operations halving the intervals indicated, if
the vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas
or on uneven surfaces.
(*) = Check every two weeks or according
to the intervals indicated.
(**) = J provided as standard
equipment in the countries where
required).
CO = carbon monoxide.
Battery - Clamp tightening
Spark plug
Fork
Light operation/direction
Light system
Safety switches
Brake fluid
Coolant
Side panniers coupling pins (**)
Tyres
Tyre pressure (*)
Engine idling rpm and CO
Securing locks for the side panniers and
the top case (**)
Warning light
Cush drive dampers and sliding roll
Drive chain tension and lubrication
Brake pad wear
Flexible coupling wear and flexible
coupling unit slack
After
running-in
[1000 km
(625 mi)]
"
–
"
–
"
"
"
–
"
Every 20000
km (12500
mi) or 24
months
–
$
"
–
"
–
Every 10000
km (6250 mi)
or 12 months
"
–
–
"
–
"
every 1000 km (625 mi): "
every 1000 km (625 mi): %
%
%
–
"
–
"
–
–
–
at every start: "
upon each final transmission change : $
every 500 km (375 mi): "
before every trip and every
"
2000 km (1250 mi): "
–
–
"
Have the final drive checked (rear, front sprockets and chain) every 5000 km (3125
mi) by a aprilia Authorised Dealer.
58
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
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OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY
THE aprilia Authorised Dealer
Key
" = check and clean, adjust, lubricate or
change, if necessary;
# = clean;
$ = change;
% = adjust.
NOTE
Carry out the maintenance
operations halving the intervals indicated, if
the vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas
or on uneven surfaces.
CO = carbon monoxide.
Component
Rear shock absorber
Battery - Clamp tightening
Carburation, CO adjustment
Timing chain
Transmission cables and controls
Wheel centring
Rear suspension linkage bearings
Steering bearings and steering clearance
Wheel bearings
Brake discs
After running-in Every 10000 km Every 20000 km
[1000 km (625 (6250 mi) or 12 (12500 mi) or 24
mi)]
months
months
–
–
"
"
–
–
"
"
–
–
"
–
"
"
–
–
"
–
–
–
"
"
"
–
–
"
–
"
"
–
Fuel pump filter
–
Air filter
Engine oil filter
Engine oil filter (on oil tank)
General running of the vehicle
Clutch clearance
Adjusting the valve clearance
Braking systems
Cooling system
Brake fluid
Coolant
–
$
#
"
%
%
"
–
Fork oil
Engine oil
Fork oil seals
Brake pads
Wheel/Tyres
Nut, bolt, screw tightening
Suspensions and track alignment
Spoke tension
Final transmission (chain, rear sprocket and front
sprocket)
Fuel pipes
Clutch wear
"
–
"
$
–
"
%
–
"
"
$
–
#
–
–
%
–
–
every 2 years: $
–
$
–
$
$ (*)
–
after the first 30000 km (18750 mi) and successively
every 20000 km (12500 mi): $
if worn: $
–
"
"
–
"
–
"
"
"
–
every 5000 km (3125 mi): "
–
–
"
"
every 4 years: $
–
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59
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JOINTS WITH CLICK CLAMPS AND
WITH SCREW CLAMPS
CAUTION
Remove ONLY the clamps indicated in
the maintenance procedures.
This text is not to be intended as an
authorisation to arbitrarily remove the
clamps present on the vehicle.
WARNING
IDENTIFICATION DATA
It is a good rule to write down the frame
and engine numbers in the space provided
in this manual.
The frame number can be used for the
purchase of spare parts.
NOTE
Do not alter the identification
numbers if you do not want to incur in
severe penal and administrative sanctions.
In particular, the alteration of the frame
number results in the immediate invalidity
of the warranty.
FRAME NUMBER
The frame number (1) is stamped on the
right side of the steering column.
Frame no. ________________________
ENGINE NUMBER
The engine number (2) is stamped on the
rear part, near the front sprocket.
Engine no. ________________________
60
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
Before removing a clamp, make sure
that the removal does not involve any
fluid leakage; if so, provide for
preventing such leakage and protect
the components positioned near the
joint.
CLICK CLAMPS
For the removal it is sufficient to use simple
pliers, while for the installation it is
necessary to use a special tool (see
below).
Before removing a clamp, prepare the
material necessary for the correct
reassembly.
NOTE
Have the appropriate special tool
J at hand:
– clamp installation pliers, see page 29
(SPECIAL TOOLS J).
CAUTION
Upon installation, replace the click
clamp that has been removed with a
new one having the same dimensions,
to be requested to an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
Do not attempt to reinstall the removed
click clamp.
Do not replace the removed click clamp
with a screw clamp or with other types
of clamp.
CAUTION
Proceed with care, in order not to
damage the joint components.
u Work with the pliers on the head of the
click clamp, forcing until you release it.
SCREW CLAMPS
For the removal and installation it is
sufficient to use a simple screwdriver.
CAUTION
Check the conditions of the clamp and
if necessary replace it with a new one of
the same type and dimensions, to be
requested to an aprilia Authorised
Dealer.
When fastening the clamp, make sure
that the joint is sufficiently stable.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 61 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
1
2
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL
LEVEL AND TOPPING UP
Carefully read page 57 (MAINTENANCE)
and page 41 (ENGINE OIL).
Periodically check the engine oil level,
change the oil after the first 1000 km (625
mi) and successively every 10000 km
(6250 mi) or 12 months. Have the oil
changed by your aprilia Authorised
Dealer.
For the check, proceed as follows:
NOTE To warm the engine and have the
engine oil reach the operating temperature,
do not let the engine idle with the vehicle at
rest. According to the correct procedure, it
is advisable to carry out the check after a
trip or after covering approximately 15 km
(10 mi) on a road outside town (this is
sufficient for the engine oil to reach the
operating temperature).
u Stop
the engine, see page 54
(STOPPING).
u Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
u Insert the plug-dipstick (1) completely in
the filler (2), without screwing it.
u Extract the plug-dipstick (1) again and
read the oil level on the dipstick:
MAX = maximum level
MIN = minimum level.
The difference between “MAX” and “MIN”
amounts to approximately 300 cu. cm.
u The level is correct when the oil almost
reaches the “MAX” mark.
CAUTION
Do not put additives or other
substances into the oil.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
NOTE
Use high-quality 15W – 50 oil,
see page 93 (LUBRICANT CHART).
u After extracting the plug-dipstick (1), top
up the tank through the filler (2) until
reaching the correct level, see page 93
(LUBRICANT CHART).
CAUTION
Never exceed the “MAX” mark, nor let
the oil get below the “MIN” mark, in
order to avoid serious damage to the
engine.
If necessary, top up the engine oil by
proceeding as follows:
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61
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FRONT WHEEL
5
CAUTION
The disassembly and reassembly of the
front wheel may be difficult for unskilled
operators.
If necessary, contact your aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following
instructions.
Carefully
read
page
57
(MAINTENANCE).
While disassembling and reassembling
the wheel, be careful not to damage the
brake lines, the disc and the pads.
WARNING
Riding with damaged rims may be
dangerous for the rider, other persons
and the vehicle.
Check the conditions of the wheel rim
and have it changed it if damaged.
CAUTION
Remove and refit the wheel only if you
have a torque wrench available that
could ensure correct tightening
torques.
NOTE Weight without rider: 180 kg.
62
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
4
4
2
3
DISASSEMBLY
u Position the vehicle on the appropriate
fron t sup po r t stan d, se e p ag e 67
(POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
FRONT SUPPORT STAND J).
u Put a support (1) under the tyre, in such
a way as to keep the wheel in its position
after loosening it.
CAUTION
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
u Loosen the retaining screws (2) and
remove the brake calliper.
CAUTION
Do not touch the front brake calliper.
u Unscrew the wheel shaft nut (3).
u Partially loosen the clamp screws (4) on
either side of the wheel shaft (5).
u Unscrew the wheel shaft (5) completely.
NOTE
To facilitate the extraction of the
wheel shaft, slightly raise the wheel.
u Support the front wheel and manually
withdraw the wheel shaft (5).
u Collect the spacers on either side of the
wheel.
u Remove the wheel by withdrawing it from
the front.
CAUTION
Never pull the front brake lever after
removing the wheel, otherwise the
calliper pistons may come out of their
seats, thus causing the outflow of the
brake fluid. In this case consult your
aprilia Authorised Dealer, who will
carry out the proper maintenance
operation.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 63 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
u Remove the front support stand, see page
4
5
2
4
3
REASSEMBLY
u Smear a layer of grease all along the wheel
shaft (5), see page 93 (LUBRICANT
CHART).
CAUTION
While reassembling the wheel, be careful
not to damage the brake pipes, discs and
pads.
u Position the wheel between the fork legs on
the support (1).
CAUTION
Proceed with care while inserting the disc
in the brake calliper.
WARNING
Danger of injury. Do not insert your
fingers to align the holes.
u Move the wheel until its central hole and
the holes on the fork are aligned.
u Set one of the two spacers between wheel
hub and fork right leg.
u Position the other spacer between the
wheel hub and the fork left leg.
u Push the wheel shaft (5) fully home from
the right side.
u Tighten the wheel shaft clamp bolts to the
right (4).
u Tighten the wheel shaft nut (3).
u Tighten the wheel shaft clamp bolts to the
left (6).
u Loosen the wheel shaft clamp bolts to the
right (4).
u Press on the front end to settle the fork
legs.
u Tighten the wheel shaft clamp bolts to the
right (4).
Wheel nut tightening torque (3): 80 Nm (8
kgm).
Remove the support (1) that upon
disassembly was put under the tyre.
Refit the brake calliper and tighten the
retaining screws (2).
Brake calliper screws (2) tightening
torque: 50 Nm (5 kgm).
67 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
FRONT SUPPORT STAND J).
u Remove the rear support stand, see page 67
(POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
REAR SUPPORT STAND J).
u With pulled front brake lever, press the
handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards. In this way the fork legs will
settle properly.
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see page
55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
STAND).
u Tighten the wheel shaft clamp bolts (4) on
either side.
Wheel shaft clamp screws tightening
torque (4): 12 Nm (1.2 kgm).
u Make sure that the following components
are not dirty:
– tyre;
– wheel;
– brake disc.
WARNING
After reassembly, pull the front brake
lever repeatedly and check the correct
functioning of the braking system.
Have the tightening torques, centring and
balancing of the wheel checked by an
aprilia Authorised Dealer , in order to
avoid accidents that may be harmful for
you and/or other people.
WARNING
Due to the weight and dimensions of the
vehicle, the following operation must be
performed by two persons.
NOTE
Weight without rider: 180 kg.
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1
5
6
7
8
1
2
WARNING
CAUTION
The disassembly and reassembly of the
rear wheel may be difficult for unskilled
operators.
If necessary, contact your aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following
instructions.
page
57
WARNING
Before carrying out the following
operations, let the engine and the
silencer cool down until they reach
room temperature, in order to avoid
burns.
64
4
NOTE
REAR WHEEL
Carefully
read
(MAINTENANCE).
3
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
Riding with damaged rims may be
dangerous for the rider, other persons
and the vehicle.
Check the conditions of the wheel rim
and have it changed it if damaged.
DISASSEMBLY
u Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand, see page 67
(POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
REAR SUPPORT STAND J).
u Put a support (1) under the tyre, in such
a way as to keep the wheel in its position
after loosening it.
u Unscrew and remove the nut (2) and
retrieve the washer (3).
Wheel nut (2) tightening torque: 100 Nm
(10 kgm).
To facilitate the extraction of the
wheel shaft, slightly raise the wheel.
u Withdraw the wheel shaft (4) from the
right side.
NOTE Slide the drive chain (5) off the
sprocket (6).
u Make the wheel advance and release the
drive chain (5) from the rear sprocket (6).
u Withdraw the wheel from the swinging
arm from behind, carefully withdrawing
the disc from the brake calliper.
u Remove the support plate (7) together
with brake calliper (8).
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 65 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
NOTE
Check the conditions of the five
flexible couplings; if they are damaged or
excessively worn, change them, see page.
58 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS
CHART).
10
11
REASSEMBLY
Insert the final transmission unit,
parallel to the wheel axis, introducing the
drive pins in the relevant seats, between a
flexible coupling and the other.
u Position the five flexible couplings in the
relevant seats in the flexible coupling
holder (10).
u Using both hands work (C) on sprocket
(6) outer diameter and slide in the final
transmission assembly (9) inside holder
(10).
NOTE
9
CAUTION
Do not operate the rear brake lever after
removing the wheel, since the pistons
may go out of their seats and cause
brake fluid leakage. In this case consult
an aprilia Authorised Dealer, who will
carry out the proper maintenance
operation.
Proceed with care. If the final drive
assembly (9) is mounted to the flexible
coupling holder (10), do not turn the rear
wheel over or place it horizontally lying on
the rear chain sprocket (A) side, or the final
drive assembly will come off and the
sprocket (6) might damage.
11
NOTE The removal of the final drive unit
is not necessary if the wheel is in the
normal running position (vertical) or in
horizontal position with the rear sprocket
facing upwards and in both cases secured
against overturning.
NOTE Do not disturb the five nuts (11).
The whole final drive unit must be
withdrawn from the flexible coupling
holder.
u Using both hands work (B) on sprocket
(6) outer diameter and slide out the final
transmission assembly (9), hold it
parallel to the wheel shaft.
u Remove the five flexible couplings from
the flexible coupling holder (10).
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65
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1
5
6
7
8
1
2
CAUTION
Before proceeding with the reassembly,
make sure that support plate (8) of the
brake calliper (9) is positioned
correctly; the plate slot must be
inserted in the appropriate stop pin in
the inner part of the swinging arm right
section.
Insert the disc in the brake calliper
carefully.
u Position the wheel between the swinging
arm sections on the support (1).
WARNING
Do not insert your fingers between the
chain and the rear sprocket.
u Make the wheel advance and position
the drive chain (5) on the rear sprocket
(6).
u Uniformly apply a moderate quantity of
grease on the wheel shaft (4), see page
93 (LUBRICANT CHART).
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3
WARNING
Danger of injury. Do not insert your
fingers to align the holes.
u Move the wheel backwards, until its
central hole and the holes on the
swinging arm are aligned.
u Rotate the support plate (8), complete
with brake calliper (9) and with fulcrum
on the stop pin, until it is aligned with the
holes.
u Introduce the wheel shaft (4) completely
from the left side.
NOTE Make sure that the wheel shaft
(4) is completely inserted.
u Position the washer (3) and tighten the
wheel nut (2) manually.
u Lock the rotation of the wheel shaft (4)
with the appropriate wrench and tighten
the nut (2).
Wheel nut tightening torque (2): 100 Nm
(10 kgm).
4
u Make sure that the following components
are not dirty:
– tyre;
– wheel;
– brake disc.
CAUTION
After reassembly, pull the rear brake
lever repeatedly and check the correct
braking system operation.
Have the tightening torques, centring
and balancing of the wheel checked by
an aprilia Authorised Dealer, in order
to avoid accidents that may be harmful
for you and/or other people.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 67 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
NOTE Have someone help you keep the
vehicle in vertical position with the two
wheels on the ground.
u Rest one foot on the rear part of the
stand (7).
u Push the stand (7) downwards until it
reaches the end of its stroke (see figure).
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE REAR SUPPORT STAND J
u Pull the front brake lever (4) completely,
then put a small piece of cardboard (5)
on the grip and keep the front brake lever
pulled by holding it against the grip by
means of a plastic band (6).
WARNING
Raise the vehicle by means of the two
swinging arm sections only.
u Insert the stand from the rear side of the
vehicle and position it so that the two
support pins (3) hook to the swinging arm
pins.
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE FRONT SUPPORT STAND J
NOTE To position the vehicle on the
front support stand it is necessary to use
the appropriate rear support stand J.
u Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand J, page 67
(POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
REAR SUPPORT STAND J).
u Insert the two ends of the stand (9) in the
two holes (10) positioned on the lower
ends of the front fork.
u Rest one foot on the front part of the
stand (11).
u Push the stand (11) downwards until it
reaches the end of its stroke (see figure).
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CAUTION
Carry out the maintenance operations
more frequently if you use the vehicle in
difficult conditions or on dusty and/or
muddy roads.
20 25 mm
DRIVE CHAIN
Carefully
read
page
57
(MAINTENANCE).
The vehicle is equipped with an endless
chain, in which a ring link joint is not used.
CAUTION
An excessive slackening of the chain
may cause noise or make the chain
rattle, with consequent wear of the shoe
and of the chain guide plate.
Periodically check the slack and adjust
it if necessary, see page 68
(ADJUSTMENT).
To change the chain, contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer, who will ensure you
prompt and accurate servicing.
Incorrect maintenance may cause the
untimely wear of the chain and/or
damages to the front sprocket and/or
the rear sprocket.
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CHECKING THE SLACK
To check the slack, proceed as follows:
u Stop the engine, see page 54
(STOPPING).
u Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand, see page 67
(POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
REAR SUPPORT STAND J).
u Position the gear shift lever in neutral.
u Make sure that the vertical oscillation, in
an intermediate point between front
sprocket and rear sprocket in the lower
part of the chain, is included between
20–25 mm.
u Rotate the wheel manually, in such a
way as to check the vertical oscillation of
the chain even in other positions; the
slack must be constant in all the wheel
rotation phases.
CAUTION
If in some positions the slack is higher
than in others, this means that there are
crushed or seized links; in this case,
contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer.
To prevent the risk of seizures, lubricate
the chain frequently, see page 69
(CLEANING AND LUBRICATION).
1
If the slack is the same in all positions, but
higher than 25 mm or lower than 20 mm,
adjust it, see page 68 (ADJUSTMENT).
ADJUSTMENT
If after the check it is necessary to adjust
the chain tension, slacken the chain to
increase the slack, tighten the chain to
decrease it.
u Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand, see page 67
(POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE
REAR SUPPORT STAND J).
u Loosen the nut (1).
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CHECKING THE DRIVING CHAIN, THE
FRONT AND REAR SPROCKET WEAR
Further, check the chain and sprockets
and make sure that they do not present:
–
–
–
–
–
–
2
1
3
NOTE To centre the wheel there are
reference numbers connected to the
adjusters (2) and (3) located on swingarm
sections.
u Act on the left (2) and right (3) adjusters
and adjust the chain slack, making sure,
on both sides of the vehicle, that the
same reference marks can be seen.
u Tighten the nut (1).
Wheel nut tightening torque (1): 100 Nm
(10 kgm).
u Check the chain slack, see page 68
(CHECKING THE SLACK).
damaged rollers;
loose pins;
dry, rusty, crushed or seized links;
excessive wear;
missing O-rings;
sprocket or teeth excessively worn or
damaged.
CAUTION
If the chain rollers are damaged, the
pins are loose and/or the O-rings are
damaged or missing, it is necessary to
change the whole chain unit (both
sprockets and chain).
CAUTION
Lubricate the chain frequently,
especially if there are dry or rusty parts.
The crushed or seized links must be
lubricated and made work again.
If this is not possible, contact an
aprilia Authorised Dealer, who will
provide for changing the chain.
u Check the wear of the swinging arm
protection shoe.
u Check the chain slider for wear. Change
it, if necessary.
CLEANING AND LUBRICATION
CAUTION
The drive chain is provided with O-rings
in-between the links, in order to keep the
grease inside them.
Carry out the adjustment, lubrication,
cleaning and change of the chain with
great care.
Never wash the chain with water jets, steam
jets, high-pressure water jets and highly
inflammable solvents.
u Wash the chain with naphtha or kerosene.
If it tends to rust quickly, intensify the
maintenance intervals.
Lubricate the chain every 500 km (312 mi) or
whenever necessary.
u After washing the chain and letting it dry,
lubricate it with spray grease for chains
provided with sealing rings, see page 93
(LUBRICANT CHART).
CAUTION
The lubricants for chains available on the
market may contain substances that are
dangerous for the rubber sealing rings of
the chain.
NOTE Do not use the vehicle soon after
lubricating the chain, since due to the
centrifugal force the lubricant would be
sprayed outwards and dirty the surrounding
areas.
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1
2
2
1
1
1
2
REMOVING THE OIL SUMP GUARD
Carefully
read
(MAINTENANCE).
page
57
WARNING
Wait until the engine and the exhaust
silencer have completely cooled down.
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see
page 55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
u Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
CAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted
components with care to avoid scraping
or damaging them.
u Remove the oil sump guard (2).
NOTE If the deadening material inside
the oil sump guard (2) is deteriorated,
contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer to
have it changed.
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REMOVING THE DRIVE CHAIN
GUARDS
Carefully read 57 (MAINTENANCE).
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see
page 55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
u Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
u From the opposite side, unscrew and
remove the screw (2).
REAR SUSPENSION
The rear suspension consists of a springshock absorber unit, fixed to the frame by
means of a uni-ball and to the swinging
arm by means of lever systems.
For the setting of the vehicle track
alignment, the shock absorber is
provided:
– with a screw adjuster (1) for the adjustment
of the hydraulic rebound damping;
– with an adjuster ring nut (2) for the
adjustment of the spring preload.
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ADJUSTING THE REAR SHOCK
ABSORBER
Check and if necessary adjust the rear
shock absorber every 20000 km (12500
mi).
The standard setting of the rear shock
absorber is adjusted so that it is suitable for
most driving conditions.
The standard adjustment, set by the
manufacturer, is suitable for a rider
weighing approximately 70 kg.
If your weight and needs are different, for
example in case of ride with passenger
and full load, it is advisable to contact an
aprilia Authorised Dealer.
According to the conditions of use of the
vehicle, it is possible to adjust the hydraulic
rebound damping by adjusting the screw
(1); for the adjustment, keep to the
following indications:
Uneven or irregular road surface –
HARD adjustment:
u Turn the screw (1) to the right
(clockwise).
Normal or regular road surface – SOFT
adjustment:
u Turn the screw (1) to the left
(anticlockwise).
CAUTION
Adjust the spring preload and the
hydraulic rebound damping according
to the conditions of use of the vehicle.
When the spring preload is increased, it
is necessary to increase also the
hydraulic rebound damping with
extended shock absorber, in order to
avoid sudden jerks while riding.
1
If necessary, contact an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
Test the vehicle repeatedly on the road,
until obtaining the optimal adjustment.
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT TABLE
Rear shock absorber
Shock
absorber
preload
(notches
from fully
unloaded)
Hydraulic
damping
(clicks from
fully closed/
turns)
Front/rear
tyre pressure
Front/rear
tyre pressure
(STRADA
version)
(TRAIL
version)
Rider only (SOFT setting)
3
13 (1 turn)
1.8/2.0
1.9/2.1
Rider + Luggage or Rider
+ Passenger (MEDIUM
setting)
9
5 (1/2 turn)
1.9/2.2
1.9/2.3
Rider + Passenger +
Luggage (HARD setting)
9
3 (1/4 turn)
1.9/2.2
1.9/2.3
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3
4
2
*
*
*
1
* = 1,5 mm
CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR
Carefully read page 33 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations), page 34 (DISC
BRAKES)
and
page
57
(MAINTENANCE).
NOTE The following information refer to
a single braking system, but are valid for
both.
Check the brake pad wear after the first
1000 km (625 mi) and successively every
2000 km (1250 mi) and before every trip.
The wear of the disc brake pads depends
on the use, on the kind of ride and on the
road.
WARNING
Check the wear of the brake pads,
especially before every trip.
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
To carry out a rapid checking of the
wear of the pads, proceed as follows:
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see
page 55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
u Carry out a visual check between the
disc and the pads, proceeding:
– from below, on the front part, for the front
brake calliper (1);
– from above, on the rear part, for the rear
brake callipers (2).
CAUTION
The excessive wear of the friction
material would cause the contact of the
pad metal support with the disc, with
consequent metallic noise and
production of sparks from the calliper;
braking efficiency, safety and
soundness of the disc would thus be
negatively affected.
*
* = 1,5 mm
If the thickness of the friction material
[even of one front (3) or rear pad (4) only]
has reduced to about 1.5 mm (or even if
only one of the wear indicators is not
visible any longer):
– for the front brake calliper have both
front brake calliper pads changed.
– for the rear brake calliper, have both
pads of the calliper changed.
WARNING
Have the pads changed by an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
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IDLING ADJUSTMENT
Carefully
read
page
57
(MAINTENANCE).
NOTE Should the normal operating
temperature not be reached, there might
be a failure in the engine idling speed. This
is normal, since the engine idling rpm go
back to regular values when the engine
reaches the normal running temperature.
To check the engine idling rpm
correctly, proceed as follows:
u Ride for a few miles until reaching the
normal operating temperature, see page
16 (Coolant temperature indicator “”).
u Position the gear shift lever in neutral
(green warning light “” on).
u Check the engine idling rpm on the
revolution counter.
The engine idling speed must be about
1500 ± 100 rpm.
If the engine idling rpm are within the
values indicated, do not modify them in
any way.
Only when really necessary:
1
CAUTION
1
Risk of burns.
Some parts of the vehicle are extremely
hot (for example, the exhaust pipe and,
to a lesser extent, the exhaust pipe
guard).
Wear safety gloves to protect yourself
from hot parts of the vehicle.
CAUTION
In case of erratic engine idling rpm,
contact exclusively an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
An excessive increase in the engine
idling rpm may cause faults in the
operation of the engine and damage the
engine itself and other components.
It is advisable to change the setting
only when it is really necessary (if,
when the throttle grip is released, the
engine stalls or keeps running at higher
rpm than prescribed) and it is
impossible to reach an aprilia
Authorised Dealer.
Proceed with care and do not touch the
exhaust pipe guard for any reason
whatsoever.
u Remove the seat, see page 27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT).
u Turn the adjusting screw (1).
– BY S CREWING IT (clockwise), you
increase the rpm;
– BY UNSCREWING IT (anticlockwise), you
decrease the rpm;
u Twist the throttle grip, accelerating and
decelerating a few times to make sure
that it operates correctly and to check if
the idling speed is constant.
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u After the adjustment, tighten the lock nut
(2) and check the idle stroke again.
u Put back the protection element (1).
CAUTION
After the adjustment, make sure that the
rotation of the handlebar does not
modify the engine idling rpm and that
the throttle grip returns smoothly and
automatically to its original position
after being released.
2
3
1
ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR
CONTROL
Carefully
read
page
57
(MAINTENANCE).
Have the accelerator control cables
checked by an aprilia Authorised Dealer
after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and
successively every 10000 km (6250 mi).
The idle stroke of the throttle grip must be
2–3 mm, measured on the edge of the grip
itself.
If not, proceed as follows:
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see
page 55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
u Withdraw the protection element (1).
u Loosen the lock nut (2).
u Rotate the adjuster (3) in such a way as
to restore the prescribed value.
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1
2
SPARK PLUG
Carefully
read
page
57
(MAINTENANCE).
Check the spark plug every 10000 km
(6250 mi), change them every 20000 km
(12500 mi).
Periodically remove the spark plug and
cle a n it c are fu ll y , r e m o v i n g c a r b o n
deposits; change it if necessary.
To reach the spark plug:
WARNING
Before carrying out the following
operations, let the engine and the
silencer cool down until they reach
room temperature, in order to avoid
burns.
For the removal, proceed as follows:
u Remove the cap (1) of the spark plug (2).
u Remove any trace of dirt from the spark
plug base.
u Introduce the special spanner provided
in the tool kit on the spark plug.
u Unscrew the spark plug and extract it
from its seat, taking care to prevent dust
or other substances from getting inside
the cylinder.
For the check and cleaning:
Key:
– centre electrode (3);
– insulating (4);
– side electrode (5).
u Make sure that there are neither carbon
deposits, nor corrosion marks on the
electrodes and on the insulating
material; if necessary, blow with
compressed air to clean them.
If the spark plug has crackings on the
insulating material, corroded electrodes,
excessive deposits or the tip (6) of the
central electrode (3) is rounded, it must be
changed.
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0,7 — 0,8 mm
1
2
CAUTION
When changing the spark plug, check
the thread pitch and length.
If the threaded part is too short, the
carbon deposits will accumulate on the
thread seat, and therefore the engine
may be damaged during the installation
of the right spark plug.
Use the recommended type of spark
plugs only, see page 90 (TECHNICAL
DATA), in order not to compromise the
life and performance of the engine.
u Check the spark plug gap with a
thickness gauge.
The spark plug gap must be 0.7 – 0.8
mm; if necessary, adjust it, bending the
centre electrode (6) with care.
u Make sure that the washer (7) is in good
conditions.
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
For the installation:
u With the washer on (7), screw the spark
plug by hand in order not to damage the
thread.
u Tighten the spark plug by means of the
spanner you will find in the tool kit, giving
it half a turn to compress the washer.
Spark plug tightening torque: 20 Nm
(2.0 kgm).
CAUTION
The spark plug must be well tightened,
otherwise the engine may overheat and
be seriously damaged.
CAUTION
Make sure that the cap (1) is correctly
connected to the spark plug (2). Due to
the vibrations of the engine, the
incorrect position would cause the
disconnection of the spark plug cap,
with serious damage to the engine.
u Correctly insert the cap (1) in the spark
plug (2), until you hear the click.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 77 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
BATTERY
CAUTION
Carefully
read
(MAINTENANCE).
page
57
WARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable
substances away from the electrical
components.
The battery gives off explosive gases;
keep it away from flames, sparks,
cigarettes and any other source of heat.
Never invert the connection of the
battery cables.
Connect and disconnect the battery
with the ignition switch in position “”,
otherwise some components may be
damaged.
Connect first the positive cable (+) and
then the negative cable (–).
Disconnect following the reverse order.
During the recharging or the use, make
sure that the room is properly ventilated
and avoid inhaling the gases released
during the recharging.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
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1
1
2
1
CHECKING AND CLEANING THE
TERMINALS
Carefully read page 77 (BATTERY).
u Make sure that the ignition switch is in
position “”.
u Remove the seat, see page 27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT)
u Make sure that the cable terminals (1) and
the battery terminals (2) are:
– in good conditions (and not corroded or
covered with deposits);
– covered with neutral grease or Vaseline.
If necessary, proceed as follows:
u Remove the battery, see page 79
(REMOVING THE BATTERY).
u Brush the cable terminals (1) and the
battery terminals (2) with a wire brush, in
order to eliminate any trace of corrosion.
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
u Install
the battery, see page 80
(INSTALLING THE BATTERY).
u Refit
the seat, see page 27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT).
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5
1
3
3
4
8
2
5
6
4
6
7
9
REMOVING THE BATTERY
Carefully read page 77 (BATTERY).
u Make sure that the ignition switch is in
position “”.
u Remove the seat, see page 27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT)
u Release and remove the screws (1).
u Remove the battery cover (2).
u Unscrew and remove the screw (3) on
the negative terminal (–).
u Move the negative cable (4) aside.
u Unscrew and remove the screw (5) on
the positive terminal (+).
u Move aside the positive cable (6).
u Slide out fuse carrier (7) and starter relay
(8) from the relevant seats and move
them aside.
u Grasp the battery (9) firmly and remove it
from its compartment, by bending it
towards the outside and lifting it.
WARNING
Once it has been removed, the battery
must be stored in a safe place and kept
away from children.
u Position the battery on a flat surface, in a
cool and dry place.
u Refit
the seat, see page 27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT)
WARNING
Upon reassembly, connect first the
positive cable (+) and then the negative
cable (–).
NOTE For the installation of the battery,
see page 80 (INSTALLING THE BATTERY).
CAUTION
Do not force the electric cables.
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5
2
3
4
1
CHARGING THE BATTERY
Carefully read page 77 (BATTERY).
u Remove the battery, see page 79
(REMOVING THE BATTERY).
u Prepare a suitable battery charger,
specific for MF batteries.
u Set the charger for the desired type of
recharge.
NOTE A recharge with an amperage
equal to 1/10th of the battery capacity is
recommended.
u Connect the battery with a battery
charger.
WARNING
During the recharging or the use, make
sure that the room is properly ventilated
and avoid inhaling the gases released
during the recharging.
u Switch on the battery charger.
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WARNING
Reassemble the battery only 5/10
minutes after disconnecting the
recharge apparatus, since the battery
continues to produce gas for a short
lapse of time.
INSTALLING THE BATTERY
Carefully read page 77 (BATTERY).
u Make sure that the ignition switch is in
position “".
u Remove the seat, see page 27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT)
NOTE The battery (1) must be
positioned in its compartment with the
terminals directed towards the outside part
of the vehicle.
u Put the battery (1) in its compartment.
WARNING
Upon reassembly, connect first the
positive cable (+) and then the negative
cable (–).
u Connect the positive terminal (+) by
means of the screw (2).
u Connect the negative terminal (–) by
means of the screw (3).
CAUTION
Upon reassembly always connect the
battery breather pipe, to prevent the
sulphuric acid vapours from corroding
the electric system, painted parts,
rubber elements or gaskets when they
exit the breather pipe itself.
u Put back the battery cover (4).
u Position and tighten the screws (5).
u Refit
the seat, see page 27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT)
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1
2
4
5
3
LONG INACTIVITY OF THE
BATTERY
If the vehicle remains unused for more
than fifteen days, it is necessary to
recharge the battery, in order to prevent its
sulphation, see page 80 (CHARGING THE
BATTERY).
u Remove the battery, see page 79
(REMOVING THE BATTERY) and put it
in a cool and dry place.
I t i s im po r t a n t t o c h ec k t he c ha r g e
periodically (about once a month), during
the winter or when the vehicle remains
unused, in order to prevent the
deterioration of the battery.
u Recharge it completely with a trickle
charge, see p 80 (CHARGING THE
BATTERY).
If the battery remains on the vehicle,
disconnect the cables from the terminals.
u Make sure that there are no dirt or mud
CHECKING THE SWITCHES
Carefully
read
(MAINTENANCE).
page
5
57
The vehicle is provided with four
switches:
1) Stoplight switch on the rear brake
control lever;
2) Stoplight switch on the front brake
control lever;
3) Safety switch on the side stand;
4) Switch on the clutch control lever.
deposits on the switch; the pin must be
able to move without interference,
returning automatically to its initial
position.
u Make sure that the cables are connected
correctly.
u Check the spring (5): it must not be
damaged, worn or weakened.
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81
C
CHANGING THE FUSES
Carefully
read
(MAINTENANCE).
page
57
CAUTION
Do not repair faulty fuses.
Never use fuses different from the
recommended ones.
The use of unsuitable fuses may cause
damages to the electric system or, in
case of short circuit, even a fire.
NOTE
If a fuse blows frequently, there
probably is a short circuit or an overload in
the electric system.
In this case it is advisable to contact an
aprilia Authorised Dealer.
If an electric component does not work or
works irregularly, or if the vehicle fails to
start, it is necessary to check the fuses.
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For the check, proceed as follows:
u Turn the ignition switch to position “”,
to avoid any accidental short circuit.
u Remove the seat, see page 27
(UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SEAT).
u Extract the fuses one by one and check if
the filament (1) is broken.
u Before replacing a fuse, try to find out the
cause of the trouble, if possible.
u Replace the damaged fuse with a new
one having the same amperage.
NOTE If you use one of the spare fuses,
put a new fuse in the proper seat.
B
20
15
7.5
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 82 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
A
ARRANGEMENT OF THE FUSES
A) Fuse 20 A (yellow) – From battery
to:
ignition switch, voltage regulator,
electric cooling fan.
B) Fuse 15 A (light blue) – From
ignition switch to:
all light loads.
C) Fuse 7.5 A (red) – From ignition
switch to:
ignition, starting safety logic.
NOTE Three fuses are spare fuses.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 83 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
1
ADJUSTING THE VERTICAL
HEADLIGHT BEAM
NOTE
To check the direction of the
headlight beam, specific procedures must
be adopted, in accordance with the
regulations in force in the country where
the vehicle is used.
To adjust the headlight beam:
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see
page 55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
u Working from the bottom of the headlight
fairing, turn knob (1).
BY ROTATING IT CLOCKWISE, you set
the beam upwards.
BY ROTATING IT ANTICLOCKWISE,
you set the beam downwards.
INSTRUMENT PANEL LIGHTING
If you need assistance or technical advice,
contact an aprilia Authorised Dealer,
who can ensure you prompt and accurate
servicing.
After the adjustment:
WARNING
Make sure that the vertical adjustment
of the headlight beam is correct.
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83
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 84 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
2
3
1
BULBS
Carefully
read
(MAINTENANCE).
page
57
WARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable
substances away from the electrical
components.
CAUTION
Before changing a bulb, move the
ignition switch to position “” and wait
a few minutes, so that the bulb cools
down.
Change the bulb wearing clean gloves
or using a clean and dry cloth.
Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb,
since these may cause its overheating
and consequent breakage.
84
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
If you touch the bulb with bare hands,
remove any fingerprint with alcohol, in
order to avoid any damage.
DO NOT FORCE THE ELECTRIC
CABLES.
NOTE Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see page 82 (CHANGING THE
FUSES).
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT
BULBS
Carefully read page 84 (BULBS).
The headlight contains:
– one high beam bulb (1) (lower);
– one parking light bulb (2) (left side, centre).
– one low beam bulb (3) (upper);
To change, proceed as follows:
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see
page 55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
NOTE Proceed on the side of the bulb to
be changed.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 85 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
6
4
1
1
5
HIGH BEAM BULB
u Turn the high beam unit counter
clockwise (4).
u Grasp the electric terminal (5), pull it and
disconnect it from the bulb (1).
u Withdraw the bulb (1) and replace it with
a new one of the same type.
NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb holder,
making the relevant positioning seats
coincide.
7
2
3
PARKING LIGHT BULB
CAUTION
To extract the bulb holder, do not pull
the electric wires.
u Grasp the parking light bulb holder (6)
and pull to extract.
u Withdraw the bulb (2) and replace it with
one of the same type.
8
LOW BEAM BULB
u Turn the low beam unit counter
clockwise (7).
u Grasp the electric terminal (8), pull it and
disconnect it from the bulb (3).
u Withdraw the bulb (3) and replace it with
a new one of the same type.
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Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 86 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
3
2
4
CLEANING
1
CHANGING THE NUMBER PLATE
BULB
Carefully read page 84 (BULBS).
To change, proceed as follows:
u Position the vehicle on the stand, see
page 55 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
u Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
u Remove the light unit (2).
CAUTION
Do not pull the electric wires to extract
the bulb holder.
u Grasp the bulb holder (3), pull it and
remove it from its seat.
u Withdraw the bulb (4) and replace it with
a new one of the same type.
86
TRANSPORT
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
NOTE
During transport, the vehicle
must be kept in vertical position, it must be
firmly anchored and the 1st gear must be
engaged, in order to avoid any leak of fuel,
oil, coolant.
CAUTION
In case of failure, do not tow the vehicle,
but ask for assistance.
Clean the vehicle frequently if it is used
in particular areas or conditions, such
as:
– Polluted areas (cities and industrial areas).
– Areas characterised by a high percentage
of salinity and humidity (sea areas, hot and
humid climates).
– Particular conditions (use of salt and anti-ice
chemical products on the roads during the
winter).
– Avoid leaving deposits of industrial and
polluting powders, tar spots, dead insects,
bird droppings, etc. on the body.
– Avoid parking the vehicle under trees,
since in some seasons residues, resins,
fruits or leaves fall down, which contain
substances that may damage the paint.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 87 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
WARNING
After the vehicle has been washed, its
braking functions could be temporarily
impaired because of water on the
braking surfaces.
Calculate long braking distances to
avoid accidents.
Brake repeatedly to restore normal
conditions.
Carry out the preliminary checking
operations, see page 47 (PRELIMINARY
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
To remove dirt and mud from the painted
surfaces use a low-pressure water jet,
carefully wet the dirty parts, remove mud
and filth with a soft car sponge
impregnated with a lot of water and
shampoo (2 – 4% parts of shampoo in
water).
Then rinse with plenty of water and dry with
chamois leather.
To clean the outer parts of the engine use
a degreaser, brushes and wipers.
CAUTION
To clean the lights, use a sponge
soaked with water and a mild detergent,
rubbing the surfaces delicately and
rinsing frequently with plenty of water.
Polish with silicone wax only after
having carefully washed the vehicle.
Do not use polishing paste on matt
paints.
Do not wash the vehicle under the sun,
especially during the summer, when the
body is still warm, since if the shampoo
dries before being rinsed away, it can
damage the paint.
Do not use fluids at a temperature
exceeding 40°C to clean the plastic
components of the vehicle.
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87
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 88 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
CAUTION
Do not aim high-pressure water or air
jets or steam jets on to the following
components: wheel hubs, controls on
the right and left side of the handlebar,
bearings, brake master cylinders,
instruments and indicators, exhaust
pipes, glove/tool kit compartment,
ignition switch/steering lock, radiator
wings, fuel cap, lights and electric
connections.
Do not use alcohol, fuel or solvents to
clean the rubber and plastic parts and
the seat: use only water and mild soap.
WARNING
Do not apply protection waxes onto the
seat, in order not to make it too
slippery.
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY
After a long period of inactivity of the
vehicle some precautions are necessary to
avoid any problem.
Further, it is important to carry out the
necessary repairs and a general check up
before the period of inactivity, since you
could forget to carry them out later.
Proceed as follows:
u Remove the battery, see page 79
(REMOVING THE BATTERY) and page
81 (LONG INACTIVITY OF THE
BATTERY).
u Wash and dry the vehicle, see page 86
(CLEANING).
u Polish the painted surfaces with wax.
u Inflate the tyres, see page 40 (TYRES).
u Place the vehicle in an unheated, not-
humid room, away from sunlight, with
minimum temperature variations.
NOTE Position the vehicle on the front
J and rear J support stands, so that
both tyre are raised from the ground.
u Set the vehicle on the relevant front
support stand, see 67 (POSITIONING
THE VEHICLE ON THE FRONT
SUPPORT STAND J).
u Put a plastic bag on each exhaust
tailpipe and bind it around it, in order to
prevent moisture from getting into the
tailpipe.
u Cover the vehicle avoiding the use of
plastic or waterproof materials.
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 89 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
AFTER A PERIOD OF INACTIVITY
NOTE Withdraw the plastic bags from
the exhaust tailpipes.
u Uncover and clean the vehicle, see page
86 (CLEANING).
u Check the charge of the battery, see
page 80 (CHARGING THE BATTERY)
and install it, see page 80 (INSTALLING
THE BATTERY).
u Refill the fuel tank, see page 31 (FUEL).
u Carry out the preliminary checking
operations, see page 47 (PRELIMINARY
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
WARNING
Have a test ride at moderate speed in a
low-traffic area.
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Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 90 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
TECHNICAL DATA
DIMENSIONS
Max. length Strada / Trail...................................
Max. width Strada / Trail ....................................
Max. height (front fairing included).....................
Strada / Trail
Seat height Strada / Trail ...................................
Wheelbase Strada / Trail ...................................
Minimum ground clearance Strada / Trail ..........
Dry weight Strada / Trail ....................................
2173 mm/2232 mm
810 mm/820 mm
ENGINE
Model .................................................................
Type ...................................................................
Number of cylinders ...........................................
Total displacement.............................................
Bore/stroke.........................................................
Compression ratio..............................................
Starting...............................................................
Engine idling rpm ...............................................
Clutch.................................................................
Lubrication system .............................................
Air filter...............................................................
Cooling...............................................................
MY660
one-cylinder, 4-stroke with 4 valves, single overhead camshaft
1
660 cu. cm
100 mm/84 mm
10 ± 0.5: 1
electric
1500 ± 100 rpm
multi plate in oil bath, with control on the left side of the handlebar
dry pan with separate oil tank
with dry filter cartridge
liquid-cooled
TRANSMISSION
Type ................................................................... mechanical, 5 gears with foot control on the left side of the engine
CAPACITY
Fuel (reserve included) ......................................
Fuel reserve .......................................................
Engine oil ...........................................................
Strada fork fluid..................................................
Trail fork fluid .....................................................
Coolant...............................................................
Seats..................................................................
Vehicle max. load ..............................................
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
1150 mm/1180 mm
780 mm/810 mm
1490 mm/1510 mm
200 mm/230 mm
179 kg / 183 kg
15±0.5 b
approx. 3 b
oil change 2500 cu. cm – oil and oil filter change 2700 cu. cm
105 mm of air (per leg, measured without spring and compressed rod)
570 cm3 per leg
1.2 b (50% water + 50% antifreeze with ethylene glycol)
2
210 kg (rider + passenger + luggage + fluids)
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 91 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
GEAR RATIOS
DRIVE CHAIN
Ratio
Primary
Secondary
Final ratio
Total ratio
1st
36/75 = 1 : 2.083 12/30 = 1 : 2.500
15/44 = 1 : 2.933
15.278
2nd
16/26 = 1 : 1.625
9.930
3rd
20/23 = 1 : 1.150
7.028
4th
22/20 = 1 : 0.909
5.556
5th
26/20 = 1 : 0.769
4.700
Type .................................................................. endless (with no connection link) with sealed links
FUEL FEED
SYSTEM
Type .................................................................. electronic injection
Throttle .............................................................. Ø 45.5 mm
FUEL SUPPLY
Fuel ...................................................................
FRAME
Type .................................................................. with steel composite structure with seat support that can be removed
upside-down telescopic adjustable fork with hydraulic operation, rod Ø
Front..................................................................
45 mm
Stroke Strada / Trail .......................................... 140 mm/170 mm
Rear .................................................................. swinging arm and hydraulic adjustable monoshock
Wheel travel Strada / Trail................................. 130 mm/170 mm
SUSPENSIONS
Unleaded fuel according to the DIN 51 607 standard, min. O.N. 95
(RON) and 85 (MON)
BRAKES
Front Strada / Trail ............................................ disc brake – Ø 320 mm / 300 mm – with hydraulic transmission
Rear .................................................................. disc brake – Ø 240 mm – with hydraulic transmission
WHEEL RIMS
Type Strada / Trail............................................. light alloy / spokes
Front Strada / Trail ............................................ 3.5 x 17” / 2.15 x 19”
Rear Strada / Trail............................................. 4.5 x 17” / 3.00 x 17”
TYRES
FRONT Strada ..................................................
alternative Strada .............................................
FRONT Trail......................................................
Inflation pressure - solo rider Strada / Trail
Inflation pressure rider with passenger Strada
Trail
110/70 ZR 17 54 W
110/70 R 17 54H – 120/65 ZR 17 56W – 120/65 R 17 56H
100/90 M/C 19 57H
1.8 / 1.9
/
1.9 / 1.9
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Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 92 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
TYRES
REAR Strada ....................................................
alternative Strada.............................................
REAR Trail .........................................................
alternative Trail ................................................
Inflation pressure - solo rider Strada / Trail
Inflation pressure rider with passenger Strada
Trail
160/60 ZR 17 69W
160/60 R 17 69H – 150/60 ZR 17 66W – 150/60 R 17 66H
130/80 M/C R 17 65H
140/80 M/C R 17 69H
2.0 / 2.1
/
2.2 / 2.3
IGNITION
Type ................................................................... DENSO - inductive ignition system
SPARK PLUGS
Standard ............................................................ NGK CR7E
Spark plug gap................................................... 0.7 – 0.8 mm
Resistance ......................................................... 5 kΩ
ELECTRIC SYSTEM
Battery................................................................ 12 V – 12 Ah
Fuses ................................................................ 7.5 A – 15 A – 20 A
Generator (with permanent magnet).................. 12 V – 290 W
BULBS
Low beam .........................................................
High beam .........................................................
Front parking light ..............................................
Direction indicators ............................................
Rear parking lights/Stoplight ..............................
Number plate light..............................................
Revolution counter .............................................
12 V – 55 W
12 V – 60 W
12 V – 5 W
with micro bulbs (unreplaceable)
Led
12 V – 5 W
Led
WARNING LIGHTS
Neutral ...............................................................
Direction indicators ............................................
Fuel reserve .......................................................
High beam..........................................................
Alarm..................................................................
Side stand ..........................................................
ABS....................................................................
Heated handgrips...............................................
Led
Led
Led
Led
Led
Led
Led
Led
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use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 93 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
LUBRICANT CHART
(Recommended) Engine oil:
TEC 4T SAE 15W - 50.
As an alternative to recommended oils, top brand oils meeting or exceeding CCMC G-4 A.P.I. SG specifications can be used.
(Recommended) Fork oil:
5W or
20W.
When you wish to obtain an intermediate response between those offered by
different products as follows:
SAE 10W =
5W 67% of volume +
20W 33% of volume.
SAE 15W =
5W 33% of volume +
20W 67% of volume.
5W and
20W oils, you may mix the
GREASE 30.
As an alternative to recommended grease, use top brand rolling bearing grease that will resist a temperature range of -30°C +140°C, with
dripping point 150°C - 230°C, high corrosion protection, good resistance to water and oxidisation.
Bearings and other lubrication points (recommended):
Battery lead protection: Neutral grease or Vaseline.
Spray grease for chains (recommended):
CHAIN LUBE.
WARNING
Use new brake fluid only. Do not mix different makes or types of oil without having checked bases compatibility.
(Recommended) brake fluid:
BRAKE 5.1, DOT 4 (compatible DOT 5).
WARNING
Use only nitrite-free antifreeze and anticorrosive, ensuring protection at -35°C at least.
(Recommended) Coolant:
COOL.
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
93
94
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 I.E. STRADA - TRAIL
35
34
1
33
32
1
31
30
N
P
R
27
M
28
26
25
1
1
ON
OFF
LOCK
24
23
22
Gr/N
B
V
V/Bi
G/Gr
G
G/Gr
G/Ro
Gr/N
Gr/N
51
Ar\R
V\Ar
53
1
V
V/G
1
1
52
1
2 1
21
M
G/B
B/N
V
Ro/N
B
G/Gr
V/Ar
G/B
B/N
V
G/Gr
V/Ar
R
Ro/N
B
V/N
Gr/N
G/N
N
Bi
V/Bi
B/N
G/Bi
G/Ro
G/Gr
R
Az/R
Az
Gr
V
RESET
20
G
G
V
V/G
Bi
V
V
Gr/N
G/N
B
Gr
5
3
2
1
BATTERY +
LH DIR IND ACTUATOR
LH DIR IND ACTUATOR
ANTENNA 1
NEUTRAL "OUT"
CAN "H"
INDICATOR RESET "IN"
LIGHT RELAY ACTUATOR
SIDE STAND "IN"
SELECT 2 (DOWN)
BATTERY +
RH DIR IND ACTUATOR
RH DIR IND ACTUATOR
ANTENNA 2
SIDE STAND "OUT"
CAN "L"
HAZARD "IN"
STARTER RELAY ACTUATOR
CLUTCH SENSOR "IN"
SELECT 3 (SET)
10
N
N
B/N
G/Bi
G/Ro
G/Gr
R/Bi
Az/R
Az/Bi
Gr
V
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
8
Gr/N
B
G/Gr
G
Ar/R
Gr/N
N
V
V/Bi
V
G/B
G/R
M/Vi
G/Ro
V/M
G/Bi
Ar/R
R
R
Gr/N
Ro
Az/R
Ar/R
Az
Az
Gr/N
R/M
B
B
B/N
7
Ar
V
1
2
3
5
G/Ro
G/Gr
Ar
R/N
G\R
Ro/N
1
1
1
2
3
5
29
Bi/R
Bi/Az
Ar
V
Ar/R
V\Ar
R
N
1
Ar
7.5A
V
15A
Ar/R
20A
M/Bi
Gr/V
Ro/N
B
N
R/N
V/Bi
G
G/Ro
B/R
G/V
M/N
Ro/V
Ro/M
Ro
R/M
V\Ar
V\Ar
V\Ar
R
3
2
1
V/Ar
Ar/R
N
B
G/N
G/N
G/N
Gr/V
R
4 3 1 2
Ar/R
Az/Bi
Gr/V
M
G/Gr
Ar/N
KEY +
RH DIR IND CONTROL
HI-BEAM LIGHT "IN"
RPM
HEATED GRIPS LED
"K" LINE
NEUTRAL "IN"
SELECT 1 (UP)
FUEL SENSOR
H2O T SENSOR
BATTERY +
LH DIR IND CONTROL
+
S SPEED SENSOR
MAIN GROUND
ABS LIGHT
SENSORS GROUND
Ar/R
Ro
N/Bi
M
V
N
BANK ANGLE
SE4NSOR
=CONTACTS MARKED WITH THIS SYMBOL
BELONG TO SAME 9-WAY CONNECTOR
N
Bi/R
V
1
G/N
G/N
G/N
B
Bi
B/Ar
G
G
G
1 2 3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
1
B/R
Bi
+ S -
Bi
Bi
Bi
3 2 1
V/Ar
R/Bi
Bi
M/G
B/Ar
B/R
B
V
M/Bi
B/R
M/G
S
V/Bi
B/G
44
6
B/N
Ar/N
R/N
B
45
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
4
B
Bi
R
N
B
R
1
B/R
M/N
M/G
1
Ar/R
G/N
M/Bi
B/R
M/G
B
5
MAP
SENSOR
N
Bi/N
1
SECONDARY
AIR
N
B
R/N
N
46
G
INJECTOR
G
B
THROTTLE
SENSOR
TPS
47
Az
Bi
G
B
R
N
1
B/R
G/V
M/G
49
48
B
Bi/B
G
G
3
B/R
Ro/M
B/R
Ro/V
M
2
H2O T
Bi/N
N
M/Vi
B
1
AIR T
Bi/Vi
Ar/R
50
ECU
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 94 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
WIRING DIAGRAM - Pegaso 650 I.E.
PASSING
11
OPEN COMPARTMENT
UP
SET
DOWN
12
13
1
1
1
1
Az
B
1
1
Az
B
Az
Bi
G
B
R
N
AZ
B
G
V\G
R
Ar
G/N
M/G
1
1
19
1
Bi/Vi
B G
B
R
1
Bi/N
N
B
G
G\V
B
G
G
B
N
Bi/N
14
G\V
15
1
1
16
17
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 95 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
WIRING DIAGRAM KEY - Pegaso 650 I.E.
1) Multiple connectors
2) Neutral switch
3) Clutch switch
4) Bank angle sensor
5) Side stand switch
6) Speed sensor
7) Instrument panel
8) Light relay
9) ----10) Warning horn
11) Left dimmer switch
12) Right dimmer switch
13) HAZARD button back lighting
14) Rear left direction indicator
15) Tail light
16) Number plate light
17) Rear right direction indicator
18) --19) Rear stoplight switch
20) Front stoplight switch
21) Electric lock
22) Immobilizer antenna
23) Key-operated switch
24) Fan
25) Fan relay
26) Injection relay
27) Starter relay
28) Starter motor
29) Fuses
30) Battery
31) Voltage regulator
32) Generator
33) Pick up
34) Fuel pump
35) Fuel level sensor
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
Map sensor
Secondary air
Injector
Throttle Position Sensor (TPS)
Water temperature sensor
Air temperature sensor
Spark plug
Coil
ECU
Front right direction indicator
Low beam bulb
Parking light bulb
High beam bulb
Headlight
Front left direction indicator
Self-diagnosis connector
Diode
Diode module
CABLE COLOURS
Ar
Orange
Az
Light blue
B
Blue
Bi
White
G
Yellow
Gr
Grey
M
Brown
N
Black
R
Red
Ro
Pink
V
Green
Vi
Violet
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95
Pegaso650IE-E.book Page 96 Tuesday, September 26, 2006 5:51 PM
Authorised Dealers and Service Centres
THE VALUE OF SERVICE
Thanks to ongoing technical updates and product-specific technical training, aprilia Authorised Network engineers are familiar with
every detail of this vehicle and have the special equipment required for correct maintenance and repair.
A vehicle kept in sleek running order is a reliable vehicle. Pre-ride checks, proper maintenance at the recommended intervals and using
aprilia Genuine Parts only are key factors!
To find contact information of the Authorised Dealer and/or Service Centre nearest you, please consult the Yellow Pages or the map
provided at our web site :
www.aprilia.com
When you demand aprilia Genuine Parts, you are purchasing products that have been developed and tested as early as the vehicle
design stage. aprilia Genuine Parts systematically undergo strict quality control procedures to ensure total reliability and long service
life.
Piaggio & C. S.p.A. wishes to thank its customers for the purchase of this vehicle.
–
–
–
–
Do not dispose of oil, fuel, polluting substances and components in the environment.
Do not keep the engine running if it is not necessary.
Avoid disturbing noises.
Respect nature.
96
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