Sharp PC-W100T Installation manual

IOM-WQ-W100T
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Installation, Operation and Maintenance
Manual
Table of Contents
W100T Twin Alternating Softener
! WARNING
Read this Manual BEFORE using this equipment.
Failure to read and follow all safety and use information
can result in death, serious personal injury, property
damage, or damage to the equipment.
Keep this Manual for future reference.
! WARNING
You are required to consult the local building and plumbing
codes prior to installation. If the information in this manual
is not consistent with local building or plumbing codes,
the local codes should be followed. Inquire with governing
authorities for additional local requirements.
! WARNING
Need for Periodic Inspection/Maintenance: This product
must be tested periodically in compliance with local codes, but
at least once per year or more as service conditions warrant.
All products must be retested once maintenance has been
performed. Corrosive water conditions, and/or unauthorized
adjustments or repair could render the product ineffective for the
service intended. Regular checking and cleaning of the product’s internal components helps assure maximum life and proper
product function.
HYDROCARBONS SUCH AS KEROSENE, BENZENE,
GASOLINE, ETC., MAY DAMAGE PRODUCTS THAT CONTAIN
O-RINGS OR PLASTIC COMPONENTS. EXPOSURE TO SUCH
HYDROCARBONS MAY CAUSE THE PRODUCTS TO LEAK. DO
NOT USE THE PRODUCT(S) CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT
ON WATER SUPPLIES THAT CONTAIN HYDROCARBONS SUCH
AS KEROSENE, BENZENE, GASOLINE, ETC.
System Specification Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
How To Use This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pre-Installation Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
General Installation Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
W100T System Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
W100T Quick Programming Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Regeneration and Error Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Button Operation and Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Regeneration Cycles and Times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
User Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Configuration Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Setting Regeneration Cycle Times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Installer Display Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
W100T Part List and Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Front Cover and Drive Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Valve Body Compliance Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
W100T with 1.050” Distributor Tube Opening Identification . . . . . . . . 19
Drive Cap Assembly, Downflow Piston, Upflow Piston,
Regenerant Piston and Spacer Stack Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Twin Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Injector Cap, Injector Screen, Injector, Plug and O-Ring . . . . . . . . . . 23
Injector Order Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Refill Flow Control Assembly and Refill Port Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Drain Line – 3/4” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Drain Line - 1” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
V4017-01 T1 Interconnect Fitting Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
D1400 1191 In/Out Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
W100T Control Valve System Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Drive Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Drive Cap Assembly, Main Piston and Regenerant Piston . . . . . . . . . 34
Spacer Stack Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Injector Cap, Screen, Injector Plug and Injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Refill Flow Control Assembly or Refill Port Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Drain Line Flow Control and Fitting Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Service Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Drive Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Drive Cap Assembly, Main Piston and Regenerant Piston . . . . . . . . . 38
Spacer Stack Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Injector Cap, Screen, Injector Plug and Injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Refill Flow Control Assembly or Refill Port Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Water Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Servicing Transfer Cap Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
NOTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
System Specification Table
A. Models Chart
MODEL NO.
CAPACITY
(MAX.)
PIPE SIZE
(IN.)
M2058-W100T
M2059-W100T
M2060-W100T
M2063-W100T
30,000
45,000
60,000
75,000
1
1
1
1
MINERAL TANK
BRINE TANK
FLOW RATE & PRESSURE
TANK
SIZE
RESIN
FT3
GRAVEL
(LBS.)
TANK
SIZE
SALT
FILL
SERVICE
(GPM)
DROP
(PSI)
BKW
(GPM)
9 x 48
10 x 54
12 x 52
13 x 54
1
1.5
2
2.5
15
20
30
45
18 x 40
18 x 40
18 x 40
18 x 40
400
400
400
400
13-19
14-21
15-21
15-21
15-25
15-25
15-25
15-25
2.2
2.7
2.7
4.2
SHIP WT.
(LBS.)
230
290
420
460
M2066-W100T
90,000
1
14 x 65
3
60
18 x 40
400
17-22
15-25
5.3
500
M2069-W100T
120,000
1
16 x 65
4
80
18 x 40
400
17-24
15-25
7.5
650
M2070-W100T
150,000
1.25” x 1.5”
18 x 65
5
100
24 x 41
600
18-25
15-25
10
890
M2072-W100T
210,000
1.25” x 1.5”
21 x 62
7
100
24 x 50
800
20-27
15-25
12
1160
2
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Safety Information
General Warnings
This water conditioner’s control valve conforms to UL/CE Standards.
Generic valves were tested and certified for compliance as verified by
the agency listing.
• Please review the entire Installation and Operation Manual
before installing the water conditioning system.
• As with all plumbing projects, it is recommended that a
trained professional water treatment dealer install the water
conditioning system. Please follow all local plumbing codes for
installing this water conditioning system.
• This system will not make microbiologically unsafe water safe.
Water that is unsafe must be treated separately from this
conditioner.
• This water conditioning system is to be used only for potable
water.
• Inspect the water conditioning system for carrier shortage or
shipping damage before beginning installation.
• Use only lead-free solder and flux, as required by federal and
state codes, when installing soldered copper plumbing.
• Use caution when installing soldered metal piping near the
water conditioning system. Heat can adversely affect the
plastic control valve and bypass valve.
• All plastic connections should be hand tightened. Teflon® tape
may be used on connections that do not use an O-ring seal.
Do not use pipe dope type sealants on the valve body. Do not
use pliers or pipe wrenches.
• Do not use petroleum-based lubricants such as Vaseline, oils
or hydrocarbon-based lubricants. Use only 100% silicone
lubricants.
• Use only the power transformer supplied with this water
conditioning system.
• All electrical connections must be completed according to local
codes.
• The power outlet must be grounded.
• Install an appropriate grounding strap across the inlet and
outlet piping of the water conditioning system to ensure that a
proper ground is maintained.
• To disconnect power, unplug the AC adapter from its power
source.
• Observe drain line requirements.
• Do not support the weight of the system on the control valve
fittings, plumbing, or the bypass.
• Do not allow this water conditioning system to freeze. Damage
from freezing will void this water conditioning system’s
warranty.
• Operating ambient temperature: 40° to 110°F (5° to 43°C).
• Operating water temperature: 40° to 110°F (5° to 43°C).
• Operating water pressure range : 25 to 120 psi (1.7 to 8.27
bar).
• Observe all warnings that appear in this manual.
• Keep the media tank in the upright position. Do not turn upside
down or drop. Turning the tank upside down or laying the tank
on its side can cause media to enter the valve.
• Use only regenerants designed for water conditioning. Do not
use ice melting salt, block salt or rock salt.
During cold weather it is recommended that the installer warm
the valve to room temperature before operating.
Teflon® is a trademark of E.I. duPont de Nemours.
• The control valve, fittings and/or bypass are designed to
accommodate minor plumbing misalignments but are not
designed to support the weight of a system or the plumbing.
• HYDROCARBONS SUCH AS KEROSENE, BENZENE,
GASOLINE, ETC., MAY DAMAGE PRODUCTS THAT
CONTAIN O-RINGS OR PLASTIC COMPONENTS.
EXPOSURE TO SUCH HYDROCARBONS MAY
CAUSE THE PRODUCTS TO LEAK. DO NOT USE THE
PRODUCT(S) CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT ON
WATER SUPPLIES THAT CONTAIN HYDROCARBONS
SUCH AS KEROSENE, BENZENE, GASOLINE, ETC.
• THIS WATER METER SHOULD NOT BE USED AS THE
PRIMARY MONITORING DEVICE FOR CRITICAL OR
HEALTH EFFECT APPLICATIONS.
• Do not use Vaseline, oils, other hydrocarbon lubricants or spray
silicone anywhere. A silicone lubricant may be used on black
o-rings but is not necessary.
• The nuts and caps are designed to be unscrewed or tightened
by hand or with the special plastic wrench. If necessary a
pliers can be used to unscrew the nut or cap. Do not use a
pipe wrench to tighten or loosen nuts or caps. Do not place a
screwdriver in the slots on caps and/or tap with a hammer.
• Do not use pipe dope or other sealants on threads. Use Teflon
tape on the threaded inlet, outlet and drain fittings. Teflon tape
is not necessary on the nut connection or caps because of
o-ring seals.
• After completing any valve maintenance involving the drive
assembly or the drive cap assembly and pistons unplug power
source jack from the printed circuit board (black wire) and
plug back in or press and hold NEXT and REGEN buttons
for 3 seconds. This resets the electronics and establishes the
service piston position. The display should flash all wording,
then flash the software version and then reset the valve to the
service position.
• All plumbing should be done in accordance with local plumbing
codes. The pipe size for the drain line should be a minimum
of ½”. Backwash flow rates in excess of 7 gpm (26.5 lpm) or
length in excess of 20’ (6.1m) require ¾” drain line.
• Solder joints near the drain must be done prior to connecting
the drain line flow control fitting. Leave at least 6” between the
drain line control fitting and solder joints when soldering pipes
that are connected on the drain line control fitting. Failure to do
this could cause interior damage to the drain line flow control
fitting.
• When assembling the installation fitting package (inlet and
outlet), connect the fitting to the plumbing system first and
then attach the nut, split ring and o-ring. Heat from soldering
or solvent cements may damage the nut, split ring or o-ring.
Solder joints should be cool and solvent cements should be
set before installing the nut, split ring and o-ring. Avoid getting
primer and solvent cement on any part of the o-rings, split
rings, bypass valve or control valve.
• Plug into an electrical outlet.
NOTICE
All electrical connections must be connected according to local
codes. (Be certain the outlet
is uninterrupted.)
• Install grounding strap on metal pipes.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
3
General Warnings (continued)
How To Use This Manual
• This glass filled Noryl1 (or equivalent) fully automatic control
valve is designed as the primary control center to direct and
regulate all cycles of a water softener or filter.
• The control valve is compatible with a variety of regenerants
and resin cleaners. The control valve is capable of routing the
flow of water in the necessary paths to regenerate or backwash
water treatment systems. The injector regulates the flow of
brine or other regenerants. The control valve regulates the flow
rates for backwashing, rinsing, and the replenishing of treated
water into a regenerant tank, when applicable.
• Control valve installation is made easy because the distributor
tube can be cut ½” above to ½” below the top of tank thread.
The distributor tube is held in place by an o-ring seal and
the control valve also has a bayonet lock feature for upper
distributor baskets.
• The power adapter comes with a 15 foot power cord and is
designed for use with the control valve. The power adapter
is for dry location use only. The control valve remembers all
settings until the battery power is depleted if the power goes
out.
• After the battery power is depleted, the only item that needs to
be reset is the time of day; other values are permanently stored
in the nonvolatile memory. The control valve battery is not
rechargeable but is replaceable.
• No user serviceable parts are on the PC board, the motor or
the power adapter. The means of disconnection from the main
power supply is by unplugging the power adapter from the
wall.
This installation manual is designed to guide the installer through
the process of installing and starting up water conditioning systems
featuring the ProSense controller.
This manual is a reference and will not include every system
installation situation. The person installing this equipment should
have:
• Training on the control valve.
• Knowledge of water conditioning and how to determine proper
control settings.
• Adequate plumbing skills.
Pre-Installation Considerations
A. Water Pressure
A minimum of 25 pounds of water pressure is required for
regeneration valve to operate effectively.
B. Electrical Facilities
A continuous 115 volt, 60 Hertz current supply is required. Make
certain the current supply is always hot and cannot be turned off with
another switch.
C. Existing Plumbing
Condition of existing plumbing should be free from lime and iron
buildup. Piping that is built up heavily with lime and/or iron should
be replaced. If piping is clogged with iron, a separate iron filter unit
should be installed ahead of the water softener.
D. Location Of Softener And Drain
The softener should be located close to a drain.
E. Bypass Valves
Always provide for the installation of a bypass valve.
F. Valve to Tank Installation Instructions
1. Spin the valve onto the tank, ensuring the threads are not crossthreaded.
NOTICE
The main control valve and tank adaptor have right-hand threads, or
clockwise, to install
2. Rotate the valve freely without using force until it comes to a stop
(this position is considered zero).
3. Rotate the valve clockwise from zero, between ¼ turn and ½
turn to fully tighten. No tools are needed. Hand tight is enough.
Overtightening may cause valve or tank damage.
NOTICE
If lubricant is required, a silicone compound is strongly
recommended. Dow Corning® Silicone Compound (available from
Watts), is recommended for best possible results. Dow Corning® 7
Release Compound is used in the manufacture of this control valve.
The use of other types of lubricants may attack the control’s plastic
or rubber components. Petroleum-based lubricants can cause
swelling in rubber parts, including O-rings and seals.
1
Noryl is a trademark of Sabic.
4
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Pre-Installation Considerations
(continued)
! WARNING
Do not exceed water pressure of 120 psi
(8.2 bar). Do not exceed 110°F (43.3°C).
Do not subject unit to freezing conditions.
G. Pre Installation and Loading of Media
General Installation Instructions
Systems that are 13” in diameter and larger are not loaded with
media. These systems must be loaded with media before placing
into service. To load a system follow the below steps.
1. Cap the top open end of the distributor tube with tape and
plastic sheeting to keep foreign debris from entering the
distributor tube. This cap must be secure and not come off
during media loading.
2. Place the distributor tube, screen end down, into the mineral
tank and center it in the bottom. The top of the distributor
tube should be flush with the top of the tank. If 4” x 2.5” tank
bushings are used, the distributor tube should be flush with the
top of the tank bushing.
3. Make sure the plastic and tape cap is secure to the top of the
distributor tube, place a funnel on the top of the tank and load
first the gravel (if different sizes of gravel are used load the
largest gravel first, then the smaller gravel) then the resin media
into the tank. The cap must not come off of the distributor tube
during the loading of the media.
4. Remove the plastic cap from the distributor tube. DO NOT
PULL UP ON THE DISTRIBUTOR TUBE when removing the
cap. The distributor tube top must remain flush with the top of
the tank.
5. Clean any media from the threads and top of the mineral tank.
6. Lubricate the O-rings on the bottom of the control valve
(distributor pilot O-ring and top of tank O-ring). Use nonpetroleum based silicone lubricant only.
7. Place the control valve on top of the tank. When doing this
step, seat the top of the distributor tube inside the centered
O-ring sealed port on the bottom of the valve first then press
the valve down until the tank threads come in contact with the
valve threads. This ensures that the distributor tube is properly
seated into the bottom of the control valve. Thread the valve
on to the tank clockwise. Be careful not to cross thread the
valve or over tighten it. A hand tight snug fit is appropriate for
the control valve torque. A wrench is not necessary. Do not use
thread sealant or PTFE tape on the valve base threads.
8. The system is now ready for installation. Follow the Installation
Section in the Installation, Operation and Maintenance Manual.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
1. Turn off water heater(s).
2. Turn off the main water supply to the home and open an inside
faucet (cold and hot) to relieve any pressure within the plumbing
system.
3. Place the system in the desired installation location. Make
sure that the location is level and sturdy enough to support the
weight of the system once it is in operation.
4. Place the bypass valve in the bypass position.
5. Connect the cold water supply to the inlet of the water
conditioning system. While constructing the supply line, install a
master supply valve (user supplied) in the supply line and close
it.
6. Connect the feed water line to the home to the outlet of the
system.
7. Plumb the drain line to an appropriate drain abiding by all local,
city, and state codes. Use a 3/4” drain line for backwash flow
rates of 7 gpm or for drain lines of 7 gpm and less that exceed
20’ in length. Use a 1” drain line for backwash flow rates of 10
gpm and 12 gpm.
8. Connect the brine tank to the water softener control valve brine
inlet port using the factory supplied fittings and tubing. Add
enough water to the brine tank so that water covers the top of
the air check. DO NOT ADD SALT AT THIS TIME.
9. Open the user supplied feed water valve. Check for leaks and
repair as needed.
10.Allow the inside hot and cold faucet to remain open until all air
has been purged from the plumbing system. Then close the
faucet.
11.Locate Manual Regeneration Options in this manual to see
the steps to initiate an Immediate Manual Regeneration. Once
you have read that section place the system in backwash and
unplug the system from its electrical outlet once it has cycled
into the backwash position. This will stall the unit in backwash
so all air can be purged from one of the tanks.
12.Adjust the user supplied feed water valve to 1/4 open and place
the bypass valve into the service position.
13.Air will come out of the drain line until the backwashing tank is
completely purged of air. Then water will flow to drain. Allow
water to flow to drain for 15 minutes or until the water to drain
is clear of resin color throw.
14.Plug the system back into the electrical outlet and manually
cycle it through the remaining regeneration steps until it arrives
in the service position.
15.Repeat installation steps 11, 12, 13, and 14 of the General
Installation Instructions to purge the air from the second tank.
16.Check for leaks and repair as needed.
17.Installation is now complete and the system is ready for
programming and one cycle of brine tank refill so that the
correct amount of water is in the brine tank for the first
regeneration cycle. The brine tank refill must be done after
programming the system.
5
W100T System Programming
W100T Quick Programming Guide
A quick programming guide has been listed below for convenience specifically for the W100T series water softening systems. For other
programming requirements not listed in the Quick Programming Guide, please see the detailed programming section of this manual.
CHART 1: Configuration Settings
Press and Hold Up and Down for 5 seconds
Set 2CS to 10T
Press Next
Set 4CS to Volume Arrow Only
Press Next
Set 5CS to on 0
Press Next
Set 7CS to flash between Off and DP
CHART 2: Regeneration Cycle Times
Press and Hold Next and Down for 5 seconds
Set 2CT to SoFT
Press Next
Set 3CT backwash length
Press Next
Set 4CT draw length
Press Next
Set 5CT 2nd backwash length
Press Next
Set 6CT rapid rinse length
Press Next
Set 7CT brine tank refill length
CHART 3: Installer Display Settings
Press and Hold Next and Up for 5 seconds
Set 2i to gallons between regenerations
Press Next
Set 3i to preferred regeneration day override
Press Next
On 0 will appear
6
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Regeneration and Error Screens
Regen Screen
Displays the time remaining in the current cycle. Pressing REGEN advances to the next cycle.
Error Screen
Alternated flashing Err and error code every 3 seconds. Clear by dissconnecting the power
supply at the PC board and reconneting, or press NEXT and REGEN simutaneously for 3
seconds.
In Alternator Systems when a unit is waiting to initiate the first cycle step of regeneration, “REGEN
PndG” is displayed.
“STbY” is displayed in Alternator Systems when a valve is in Standby state.
“REGEN PndG RINSE FILL” is displayed whenever a zero-capacity tank has transferred to an off-line
state and is currently waiting to initiate the second portion of a regeneration cycle. Viewed only when
Delayed Rinse and Fill is set to ON.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
7
Button Operation and Function
Scrolls to the next display.
Pressing once and releasing will schedule a regeneration at the preset delayed regeneration time.
Pressing again and releasing will cancel the regeneration.
Pressing and holding for 3 seconds will initiate an immediate regeneration
Pressing while in regeneration will advance to the next cycle.
Pressing in the program levels will go backwards to the previous screen
Changes variable being displayed.
Key sequence to lock and unlock program settings.
Holding for 3 seconds initiates a control reset. The software version is displayed and the piston returns
to the home/service position, resynchronizing the valve.
Used with valve type 1.0T, holding for at least 3 seconds causes a switch in the tank in Service without cycling the
regeneration valve. After tank switch, days remaining and capacity remaining status is retained for each tank until the
next regeneration.
Regeneration Cycles and Times
Range of times (min.)
Cycle
Softening
1. Backwash 1st (upflow)
2. Regenerant Draw/Slow Rinse (downflow)
3. Backwash 2nd (upflow)
4. Fast Rinse (downflow)
5. Regenerant Refill (with treated water)
6. Service (downflow)
1 - 95
1 - 180
1 - 95
1 - 95
0.1 - 99.9 or OFF
Filtering
1 - 95
N/A
N/A
1 - 95
N/A
The user can initiate manual regeneration. The user has the option to request the manual regeneration at the delayed regeneration time or
to have the regeneration occur immediately:
” will flash towards Regen on the display and the regeneration will occur at the delayed
1. Pressing and releasing the REGEN button. “
regeneration time. The user can cancel the request by pressing and releasing the REGEN button.
2. Pressing and holding the REGEN button for approximately 3 seconds will immediately start the regeneration. The user cannot cancel
this request, except by resetting the control by pressing NEXT and REGEN simultaneously for 3 seconds.
8
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
User Displays
A. General Operation
When the system is operating, one of five displays may be shown. Pressing
NEXT will alternate between the displays shown below.
User 1
Typical user display. If volume is selected in Configuration Settings
Step 4CS, shows volume remaining to regeneration. If volume is not
selected in Configuration Settings Step 4CS, this screen will not be
shown. If a meter is not used this display will not change.
User 2
Displays number of days to next regeneration.
User 3
Displays flow rate in gallons per minute. If a meter is not used this
display will be shown but 0 will be displayed. If 1.0 is selected in
Step 2CS an “A” in front of the flow rate indicates that the tank with
the control valve on it is in service. If “b” is displayed the tank with the
in/out head is in service.
This screen will not be shown if 7 day or 28 day is selected in
Configuration Settings Step 4CS.
User 4
Displays total flow in gallons since last reset. If a meter is not used this
display will be shown but 0 will be displayed. This screen will not be
shown if 7 day or 28 day is selected in Configuration Settings Step
4CS.
PRESS ▼ FOR 3 SECONDS TO RESET TO 0.
User 5
Shows current time.
B. Setting Time of Day
• Push NEXT until time of day screen is displayed. Press and
hold ▲or ▼ until the SET indicator is displayed, and the hour
flashes. Press ▲or ▼until the correct hour is displayed.
• Then press NEXT. The minutes will flash. Press ▲or ▼until
the correct minute is displayed.
• Press NEXT to return to the Display Screens. Time of day
should only need to be set after power outages lasting more
than 8 hours, if the battery has been depleted and a power
outage occurs, or when daylight saving time begins or ends.
If a power outage lasting more than 8 hours occurs, the time
of day will flash on and off which indicates the time of day
should be reset. If a power outage lasts less than 8 hours
and the time of day flashes on and off, the time of day should
be reset and the battery replaced.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
9
Configuration Settings
Step 1CS
Step 1CS
Press ▲ and ▼ simultaneously for 5 seconds and release. If screen in Step 2CS does not appear, the
lock on the valve is activated. To unlock press ▼, NEXT, REGEN, ▲ in sequence, then press ▲ and ▼
simultaneously for 5 seconds and release.
Step 2CS
Step 2CS
Choose 1.0 for 1”, 1.25 for 1.25”, 1.5 for 1.5”, 2.0L for 2L, 2.0 for 2” valve¹, 1.0 for 1” twin valve2.
Press NEXT to go to Step 3CS. Press REGEN to exit Configuration Settings.
NOTICE
Step 1CS
Step 3CS
Step 3CS
Step 2CS
When using the CWS200 valve, if “2L” is set instead on “2.0” for valve type, when the valve is in
regeneration and the piston drives to the “Draw” cycle the piston will stall and generate a 1002 error code.
Clear error code by pressing NEXT and REGEN simultaneously until the valve resets, then re-program to
proper valve type setting.
Step 3CS
When 2.0L or 2.0 are selected, an additional screen will appear. It is used to select which size flow meter is
to be used with the valve, 1.5 or 2.0.
Press NEXT to go to Step 4CS. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
Step 4CS
Step 3CS
4CS
Step
Step 4CS
Press ▲or ▼ to select one of the following:
• If Volume (gallons) is selected the regeneration will occur after the specific volume has been used or on
the day override (if selected) whichever comes first.
Step 1CS
Step 5CS
Step 4CS
Step 2CS
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
Step 5CS
Step 3CS
• If 28/Volume (gallons) is selected the regeneration will occur on the day (1 through 28) selected in
Installer Display Settings. If a meter is not used the total flow and flow rate user displays and the volume
display in Diagnostics will be shown as 0.
• If 7/Volume (gallons) is selected the regeneration will occur on the selected day(s) of the week (see
instructions contained in Installer Display Settings). If a meter is not used the total flow and flow rate user
displays and the volume display in Diagnostics will be shown as 0.
• If 28 is selected the regeneration will occur on the day (1 through 28) selected in Installer Display
Settings. The total flow and flow rate user displays and the volume display in Diagnostics will not be
shown even if a meter is used.
• If 7 is selected the regeneration will occur on the selected day(s) of the week (see instructions contained
in Installer Display Settings). The total flow and flow rate user displays and the volume display in
Diagnostics will not be shown even if a meter is used.
Press NEXT to go to Step 5CS. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
Step
Step 5CS
4CS
Step 5CS
Press ▲or ▼ to select to regenerate immediately on 0 or at delayed time. Immediately on 0 can only be
selected if Volume (gallons) was selected in step 4CS and a meter must be installed. Delay is the only
option for the other Step 4CS selections. Press NEXT to go to Step 6CS. Press REGEN to return to
previous step.
¹ When using the CWS200 control valve, the circuit board software must have meter selection choices of 2.0 and 2.0L. The CWS200 valve must be set for the 2.0 meter
Step 5CS
selection during programming.
If the software version does not have both the 2.0 and 2.0L selections, consult your equipment supplier for a replacement circuit board. When
using the CWS200 valve with older version software that does not have both 2.0 and 2.0L selection choices, the valve must be set to 2.0 during programming. If a CWS200
valve is being used with newer version software that has both 2.0 and 2.0L selection choices, the valve must be set to 2.0L during programming.
2
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
For software rev 519.3 or higher.
10
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Configuration Settings (continued)
Step 6CS
Step 4CS
Step 6CS
Step 4CS
This display will not appear if 1.0 was selected in Step
2CS. Allows selection of one of the following using
▲or ▼:
• the Control Valve to have no hard water bypass;
• the Control Valve to act as an alternator; or
Volume
Volume
• the Control Valve to have a separate source during
the regeneration cycle.
Select OFF when none of these features are used.
Step 5CS
Step 5CS
Only use No Hard Water Bypass Valves or Motorized Alternating Valves (MAV) with these selections. No Hard Water Bypass Valves (1” or 1.25”
V3070FF or V3070FM) are not designed to be used with the alternator or separate source functions. The V3063 and V3063BSPT motorized
alternating valves are not designed to be used as a no hard water bypass or separate source inlet if the pressure differential is more than 60 psi.
EXIT for
TO No Hard Water Bypass Operation:
A. Configuring the Control Valve
DISPLAY
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
SCREENS
Select nHbP for control operation. For no hard water bypass operation the three wire connector is not
used.
Selection requires that a connection to MAV or a No Hard Water Bypass Valve is made to the two pin
connector labeled ALTERNATOR DRIVE located on the printed circuit board. If using a MAV, the A port
of the MAV must be plugged and the valve outlet connected to the B port. When set to nHbP the MAV
will be driven closed before the first regeneration cycle that is not FILL or SOFTENING or FILTERING,
and be driven open after the last regeneration cycle that is not FILL.
NOTE: If the control valve enters into an error state during regeneration mode, the no hard
water bypass valve will remain in its current state until the error is corrected and
reset.
B. Configuring the Control Valve for Separate Source Operation:
Select SEPS for control operation. For separate source operation the three wire connector is not used.
Selection requires that a connection to a Motorized Alternator Valve (MAV) is made to the two pin
connector labeled ALTERNATOR DRIVE located on the printed circuit board. The C port of the MAV
must be connected to the valve inlet and the A port connected to the separate source used during
regeneration. The B port must be connected to the feed water supply.
When set to SEPS the MAV will be driven closed before the first regeneration cycle, and be driven open
after the last regeneration cycle.
NOTE: If the control valve enters into an error state during regeneration mode, the MAV will
remain in its current state until the error is corrected and reset.
C. Selecting the Control Valve to act as an alternator:
519.0 and higher = Use 3-wire Interconnect Cables for all communication between units.
518.3 and lower = Use 2-wire Interconnect Cables for twin alternators with independent flow meters.
Prior to starting the programming steps, connect the interconnect cable to each control valve board’s three pin connector labeled
“INTERCONNECT”. Also connect the meter cord to either control valve to the three pin connector labeled “METER”.
Valve Programming Steps
Configuration
Settings
Step 4CS
Select Volume
Set Volume
Configuration
Settings
Step 5CS
Set regeneration time option to “On O”.
Set regeneration time option to “On O”.
Set to ALTA
Configuration
Settings
Step 6CS
Set to ALTb
Connect ALTA valve to the MAV’s A port and
connect the MAV’s two pin wire connector
to the two pin connector labeled “DRIVE” on
the ALTA valve
Connect ALTb valve to the MAV’s B port. No
connections between the ALTB valve and the MAV
are made.
Installer Display
Setting
Step 2I
Enter the Volumetric Capacity for the System
Enter the Volumetric Capacity for the System (the
same as Valve A)
Installer Display
Setting
Step 3I
Set Day Over ride to “oFF”
Set Day Over ride to “oFF”
NOTE: If the control valve is in an error state during regeneration mode the MAV will close the B port and keep open the A port
until the error is corrected and reset.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
11
Configuration Settings (continued)
Retracted
Extended
Valve “A” in Service Position = MAV
piston rod Retracted
Valve “B” in Service Position = MAV
piston rod Extended
NOTICE
Watts W100T Twin alternators can be set up to operate with a day over-ride
setting in conjunction with the main volume based regeneration setting. If a
system is programmed for twin alternating with a delayed regeneration, a W100T
twin alternator can perform an immediate transfer of the MAV to place a fully
regenerated tank on-line and have a delayed regeneration time for the exhausted
unit. W100T Twin alternators will only count days on the unit that is on-line which
will allow the twin alternating system to regenerate based on only a day over-ride
setting when programmed to regenerate based on days.
W100T, CWS150,
CWS200 Valves
For Watts Twin Alternating systems using W100T, CWS150, and CWS200 valves
there will be an option to delay the last two cycles of regeneration (only “Rinse”
and “Fill”). This feature splits the regeneration into two portions. The first portion
of the regeneration will start immediately and all programmed cycles before the
“Rinse” and “Fill” cycles will be performed. After all programmed cycles before
“Rinse” and “Fill” are completed the control valve will drive to the service position
(displaying “Delayed Rinse + Fill Pending”). When the volume of the on-line unit is
depleted to 10% of its programmed capacity, the control valve will be triggered to
finish the second portion of the regeneration and complete the “Rinse” and “Fill”
cycles and return to Service and be placed into Standby mode, and wait to come
on-line for service.
For Watts Twin Alternating systems using the CWS200 valve, when NEXT is
pressed after selecting ALTA or ALTB, a display will allow the user to set the
amount of pre-service rinse time for the stand by tank just prior to returning to
service.
CWS200 Valve
Press NEXT to go to Step 7CS. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
12
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Step 4CS
Configuration Settings (continued)
Step 7CS
Selecting the use of an outside signal to initiate a regeneration:
Selection only matters if a connection is made to the two pin
connector labeled DP SWITCH located on the printed circuit
board. Following is an explanation of the options:
oFF - Feature not used.
NOTE: In a twin alternating system each control must
have a separate dP signal or dP switch. One dP
signal or one dP switch cannot be used for both
controls.
on0 – If the dP switch is closed for an accumulative time of
2 minutes a regeneration will be signaled to the unit.
In a twin alternating system the MAV will transition
first to switch units so that the signaled unit can start
regeneration. After the MAV has fully transitioned, the
regeneration begins immediately.
NOTE: For W100T-CWS200 control valves
programmed for twin alternating: if the dP
function “on0” is set, the Delayed Rinse
and Fill feature is not available.
dELy – If the dP switch is closed for an accumulative time of
2 minutes a regeneration will occur at the scheduled
delayed regeneration time. In a twin alternating system
once the dP switch is triggered the PC Board will
display “REGEN TODAY” and when the delayed regen
time comes the control will switch tanks and the
triggered unit will then go into regeneration.
NOTE: For W100T-CWS200 control valves
programmed for twin alternating: if the dP
function “dEL” is set, the Delayed Rinse
and Fill feature is not available.
HoLd – If the dP switch is closed a regeneration will be
prevented from occurring while there is switch closure.
In a twin alternating system the regeneration of a
unit can be prevented upon switch closure. If the
unit depletes the capacity down to zero, it will not be
allowed to switch tanks to regenerate until the switch
is open.
NOTE: For W100T-CWS200 control valves
programmed for twin alternating the
Delayed Rinse and Fill feature can be set
in conjunction with the “HoLd” if desired.
Step 7CS
Step 5CS
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
Exit to
Display
Screens
Press NEXT to exit Configuration Settings. Press REGEN to
return to previous step.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
13
Step 2CS
Setting Regeneration Cycle Times
Step 3CS
Flow
Rate
Set
Volume
X1000
Regen
AM
Step 1CT
Step 1CT
Step
CT
Step 32CT
Step 2CT
Time
Press NEXT and ▼ simultaneously for 5 seconds and release. If screen in Step
2CT does not appear, the lock on the valve is activated. To unlock press ▼, NEXT,
REGEN, ▲ in sequence, then press NEXT and ▼ simultaneously for 5 seconds and
release.
Step
PM
Days4CS
To
Regen
Step 1CT
Backwash
Brine
Rinse
Fill
Select between SOFTENING or FILTERING.
When set to FLTr, only Steps 3CT and 6CT are available.
Press NEXT to go to Step 3CT. Press REGEN to exit Regeneration Cycle Times.
Step
43CT
StepStep
CT
5CS
Step 3CT
Adjust the length of the backwash from 1-95 minutes using
▲or ▼.
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
Press NEXT to go to Step 4CT. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
Step
Step 54CT
CT
Step 4CT
Adjust the length of the regenerant draw from 1-180 minutes using ▲or ▼.
Press NEXT to go to Step 5CT. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
Step
Step 65CT
Step 5CT
Adjust the length of the second backwash from 1-95 minutes using ▲or ▼.
Press NEXT to go to Step 6CT. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
Step 7CT
Step 6CT
Step 6CT
Adjust the length of rinse from 1-95 minutes using ▲or ▼.
Press NEXT to go to Step 7CT. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
Step 7CT
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
Step 7CT
Adjust the length of fill from 0.1-99.0 minutes or OFF. CWS200 valves are shipped
from the factory with a refill flow control of 2.2 gpm (8.3 lpm). All other control valves
are shipped from the factory with a refill flow control of 0.5 gpm (1.9 lpm).
Press NEXT to exit Regeneration Cycle Times. Press REGEN to return to previous
step.
14
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Installer Display Settings
One of three sets of displays will be shown depending on what was selected in Configuration Settings Step 4CS.
A. Volume (Gallons) selected in Configuration Settings Step 4CS
Step 1I
Step 1I
To enter Installer Display press NEXT and ▲ simultaneously for
5 seconds and release.
Step 2I
Step 2I
Volumetric capacity in gallons to regeneration. Press NEXT to go
to Step 3I. Press REGEN to exit Installer Display.
Step 3I
Step 3I
Adjust day override from 1 - 28 or OFF. Press NEXT to go to
Step 4I. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
Step 4I
Step 4I
Use ▲or ▼ to set the regen hour.
Press NEXT to go to Step 5I. Press REGEN to return to the
previous step.
Step 5I
Step 5I
Use ▲or ▼ to set the regen minutes. Press NEXT to exit
Installer Display. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
B. 28 Day or 28/Volume (Gallons) selected in Configuration Settings Step 4CS
Step 1I
Step 1I
To enter Installer Display press NEXT and ▲ simultaneously for
five seconds and release.
Step 2I
Step 2I
Adjust days from 1 - 28. Press NEXT to go to Step 3I. Press
REGEN to exit Installer Display.
Step 3I
Step 3I
Use ▲or ▼ to set time of the regen hour. Press NEXT to go to
Step 4I. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
Step 4I
Step 4I
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Use ▲or ▼ to set the regen minutes. Press NEXT to exit
Installer Display. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
15
Installer Display Settings (continued)
C. 7 Day or 7/Volume (Gallons) selected in Configuration Settings Step 4CS
Step 1I
Step 1I
Step 2I
Step 2I
To enter Installer Display press NEXT and ▲
simultaneously for 5 seconds and release.
Use ▲or ▼ to set the current day of the week.
Default = 2 (Monday)
1 = SUNDAY
2 = MONDAY
3 = TUESDAY
4 = WEDNESDAY
5 = THURSDAY
6 = FRIDAY
7 = SATURDAY
Press NEXT to go to Step 3I. Press REGEN to exit Installer
Display.
Step 3I
Step 3I
Scroll through days 1 to 7 using NEXT. Use ▲or ▼ to turn
regen on or off for each individual day (regen indicator on
means regeneration will happen). After completing the 7th day,
press NEXT to go to Step 4I. Press REGEN to go to previous
display.
Step 4I
Step 4I
Step 5I
Step 5I
Use ▲or ▼ to set the regen hour. Press NEXT
to go to Step 5I. Press REGEN to go to previous
display.
Use the ▲or ▼ to set the regen minutes. Press
NEXT to exit Installer Display. Press REGEN to return
to previous display.
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
16
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Diagnostics
Step 1D
Step 1D
Press ▲ and ▼ simultaneously for 5 seconds and release. Then press ▲
and ▼ simultaneously for 3 seconds and release. If screen in Step 2D
does not appear the lock on the valve is activated. To unlock press ▼,
NEXT, REGEN, ▲ in sequence, then press ▲ and ▼ simultaneously for 5
seconds and release. Then press ▲ and ▼ simultaneously for 3 seconds
and release.
Step 2D
Step 2D
Display shows the number of days since a regeneration last occurred.
Press NEXT to go to Step 3D. Press REGEN to exit Diagnostics.
Step 3D
Step 3D
Display shows the volume of water treated in gallons treated since the last
regeneration. If Volume (gallons), 28/Volume (gallons), or 7/Volume (gallons)
was selected in Step 4CS and no meter is installed this display will read 0.
Press NEXT to go to Step 4D. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
Step 4D
Step 4D
Display shows the days in service since start up. Press NEXT to go to Step
5D. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
Step 5D
Step 5D
Display shows the total number of regeneration cycles since start up. Press
NEXT to exit Diagnostics. Press REGEN to return to previous step.
EXIT TO
DISPLAY
SCREENS
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
17
W100T Part List and Drawings
Front Cover and Drive Assembly
Drawing No.
Order No.
1
V3175EE-01
W100T Front Cover Assembly
1
2
V3107-01
W100T Motor
1
3
V3106-01
W100T Drive Bracket & Spring Clip
1
4
V3408EE-03BOARD
W100T THRU 2L/2 EEPCBRD MAV/ALT REPL
1
5
V3110
W100T Drive Gear 12x36
3
6
V3109
W100T Drive Gear Cover
1
V3186
W100T AC ADAPTER 120V-12V
Not Shown
Not Shown
Description
V3186-01
Quantity
1
W100T AC ADAPTER CORD ONLY
V3178
W100T Drive Back Plate
1
Refer to Control Valve Service Manual for other drawings and part numbers.
AC Adapter
Supply Voltage
Supply Frequency
Output Voltage
Output Current
U.S.
International
120 V AC
60 Hz
12 V AC
500 mA
230V AC
50 Hz
12 V AC
500 mA
When replacing the battery, align
positives and push down to fully seat.
Correct
Battery
Orientation
Battery replacement is
3 volt lithium coin cell
type 2032.
Battery Fully Seated
4
1
6
5
3
2
18
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Valve Body Compliance Table
Application
Injector and/or Plug(s)
Main Piston
Regenerant
Piston
Stack
Body*
1” Downflow Softener or
Regenerating Filter
Injector in “DN” hole, Plug
in “UP” hole
V3011
V3174
V3005
V3031
1” Backwash Only Filter
Plug in “DN” and “UP”
holes, Install Refill Port Plug
V3011
None
V3005
V3031
1” Upflow Softener
Injector in “UP” hole, Plug
in unlabeled hole
V3011-01
V3174
V3005
V3031
W100T with 1.050" Distributor Tube Opening Identification

Spacer Color:
Grey

1.25"







1.25"


NOTE: The downflow piston is a solid amber color. The upflow piston is black and amber.


W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
19
Drive Cap Assembly, Downflow Piston, Upflow Piston, Regenerant
Piston and Spacer Stack Assembly
Drawing No.
Order No.
Description
Quantity
1
V3005
W100T Spacer Stack Assembly
1
1
2
V3004
Drive Cap ASY
3a
V3011*
W100T Piston Downflow ASY
3b
V3011-01*
W100T Piston Upflow ASY
4
V3174
W100T Regenerant Piston
1
5
V3135
O-ring 228
1
1
*V3011 is labeled with DN and V3011-01 is labeled with UP. Upflow option is not applicable to
EA, EE or EI control valves.
NOTE: The regenerant piston is not used in backwash only applications.
Refer to programming and Cover Drawing Manual
1
3b
2
4
3a
5
20
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
21
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
7
10
Twin Transfer
5
6
14
11
4
10
13
12
15
18
19
7
2
1
16
20
17
21
22
Twin Transfer (continued)
Drawing No.
Order No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
NOT SHOWN
NOT SHOWN
NOT SHOWN
NOT SHOWN
V3470
V3724
V4005-01
V4029
V4015
V4014
V4036
V3105
V3180
V4016
V3031
V4023
V3287
V4006-01
V4011-01
V4012
V4013
V3264
V3110
V3262-01
V3592
V4049
V4043
V3151
V4055*
V4017-01
NOT SHOWN
D1400
Description
Quantity
SCREW BHC 1/4-20 X 1 SS
WASHER FLAT SS 1/4
T1 TRANSFER CAP ASY
O-RING 236
T1 TRANSFER SPRING
T1 TRANSFER SPRING SUPPORT
T1 ROTOR DISK ASY
O-RING 215 (DISTRIBUTOR TUBE)
O-RING 337
T1 TRANSFER SEAL
T1 BODY SFT WTR REGEN
T1 TRANSFER DRIVE SHAFT ASY
O-RING 110
T1 TRANSFER DRIVE CAP ASY
T1 TRANSFER DRIVE GEAR ASY
T1 TRANSFER DRIVE GEAR AXLE
T1 TRANSFER REDUCTION GEAR
CWS200 BYPASS REDUCTION GEARAXLE
W100T DRIVE REDUCING GEAR 12X36
1.5” & 2” ALT/2BY REDUCGEARCVRASY
SCREW #8-1 PHPN T-25 SS
T1 COVER ASSEMBLY
T1 TRANSFER MOTOR ASY
W100T NUT 1 QC
TWIN TANK METER ASY
T1 INTERCONNECT FITTING ASY
12
12
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
6
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
3
3
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1191 IN/OUT HEAD
1
*This water meter should not be used as the primary monitoring device for critical or
health effect applications.
22
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Injector Cap, Injector Screen, Injector, Plug and O-Ring
Drawing No.
Order No.
1
2
3
4
Not Shown
V3176
V3152
V3177-01
V3010-1Z
V3010-1A
V3010-1B
V3010-1C
V3010-1D
V3010-1E
V3010-1F
V3010-1G
V3010-1H
V3010-1I
V3010-1J
V3010-1K
V3170
Not Shown
V3171
5
Description
INJECTOR CAP
O-RING 135
INJECTOR SCREEN CAGE
W100T INJECTOR ASY Z PLUG
W100T INJECTOR ASY A BLACK
W100T INJECTOR ASY B BROWN
W100T INJECTOR ASY C VIOLET
W100T INJECTOR ASY D RED
W100T INJECTOR ASY E WHITE
W100T INJECTOR ASY F BLUE
W100T INJECTOR ASY G YELLOW
W100T INJECTOR ASY H GREEN
W100T INJECTOR ASY I ORANGE
W100T INJECTOR ASY J LIGHT BLUE
W100T INJECTOR ASY K LIGHT GREEN
O-RING 011
O-RING 013
Quantity
1
1
1
1
1
*
*
* The injector plug and the injector each contain one 011 (lower) and 013 (upper) o-ring.
NOTICE
For upflow position, injector is located in the up hole and injector plug is in the other hole.
Upflow option is not applicable to EA, EE or EI control valves.
For a filter that only backwashes, injector plugs are located in both holes.
1
2
4
3
5
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
23
Injector Order Information
Injector Order Number
Injector Color
Typical Tank Diameter
Down
Up*
V3010-1A
Black
6"
8"
V3010-1B
Brown
7"
9"
V3010-1C
Violet
8"
10"
V3010-1D
Red
9"
12"
V3010-1E
White
10"
13"
V3010-1F
Blue
12"
14"
V3010-1G
Yellow
13"
16"
V3010-1H
Green
14"
18"
V3010-1I
Orange
16"
21"
V3010-1J
Light Blue
18"
V3010-1K
Light Green
21"
Actual tank size used may vary depending on the design and application of the system. Tank diameter is an approximation for the following:
1. Downflow softener using standard mesh synthetic cation exchange media regenerating with sodium chloride.
2. U
pflow softener using standard mesh synthetic cation exchange media regenerating with sodium chloride, an inlet water pressure of 30
to 50 psi (2.1 to 3.4 bar) and water temperature of 60°F (15.6°C) water or warmer. Higher pressures or lower temperatures would need
smaller injectors to avoid lifting the bed.
*Not applicable for EA, EE or EI control valves.
24
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
25
26
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
27
28
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Refill Flow Control Assembly and Refill Port Plug
Drawing No.
Order No.
1
V3195-01
Description
Quantity
This part is required for backwash only
systems
W100T Refill Port Plug Asy
2
H4615
Elbow Locking Clip
1
3
JCP-P-6
Polytube insert 3/8”
1
4
JCPG-6PBLK
5
H4613
6
V3163
7
V3165-01*
8
V3182
9
V3330-01
Nut 3/8”
1
Elbow Cap 3/8”
1
0-ring 019
1
W100T RFC Retainer Asy (0.5 gpm)
1
W100T RFC
1
W100T Brine Elbow Asy w/RFC 3/8"
1
Not Shown
V3552
W100T Brine Elbow Asy w/RFC 1/2"
Option
Not Shown
H4650
Elbow ½” with nut and insert
Option
*Assembly includes V3182 W100T (0.5 gpm) RFC.
4
9
5
3
1
6
7
8
2
Water
Flow
Proper RFC orientation
directs refill water flow
towards the washer face
with rounded edge and text.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
29
Drain Line – 3/4”
Drawing No.
Order No.
1
2
3
4*
5
6*
H4615
PKP10TS8-BULK
V3192
V3158-01
V3163
V3159-01
V3162-007
V3162-010
V3162-013
V3162-017
V3162-022
V3162-027
V3162-032
V3162-042
V3162-053
V3162-065
V3162-075
V3162-090
V3162-100
7
Description
Quantity
Elbow Locking Clip
Polytube insert 5/8
W100T Nut ¾ Drain Elbow
W100T Drain Elbow ¾ Male
O-ring 019
W100T DLFC Retainer ASY
W100T DLFC 0.7 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 1.0 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 1.3 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 1.7 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 2.2 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 2.7 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 3.2 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 4.2 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 5.3 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 6.5 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 7.5 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 9.0 gpm for ¾
W100T DLFC 10.0 gpm for ¾
1
Option
Option
1
1
1
One DLFC must
be used if ¾
fitting is used
*4 and 6 can be ordered as a complete assembly - V3331 W100T Drain Elbow and Retainer Asy
Valves are shipped without drain line flow control (DLFC) - install DLFC before using. Valves are shipped without ¾ nut for drain elbow (polytube
installation only) and 5/8" polytube insert (polytube installation only).
2
3
5
4
6
7
Water
Flow
Proper DLFC orientation
directs water flow towards
the washer face with
rounded edge.
1
30
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Drain Line - 1”
Drawing No.
Order No.
1
2
3*
4*
5*
6*
7*
8*
H4615
V3008-02
V3166
V3167
V3163
V3150
V3151
V3105
V3190-090
V3190-100
V3190-110
V3190-130
V3190-150
V3190-170
V3190-200
V3190-250
9
Description
Quantity
Elbow Locking Clip
W100T Drain FTG 1 Straight
W100T Drain FTG Body 1
W100T Drain FTG Adapter 1
0-ring 019
W100T Split Ring
W100T Nut 1” QC
O-ring 215
W100T DLFC 9.0 gpm for 1
W100T DLFC 10.0 gpm for 1
W100T DLFC 11.0 gpm for 1
W100T DLFC 13.0 gpm for 1
W100T DLFC 15.0 gpm for 1
W100T DLFC 17.0 gpm for 1
W100T DLFC 20.0 gpm for 1
W100T DLFC 25.0 gpm for 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
One DLFC must
be used if 1” fitting
is used
* Can be ordered as a set. Order number V3008-02, description: W100T Drain FTG 1 Straight.
3
Water
Flow
Proper DLFC orientation
directs water flow towards
the washer face with
rounded edge.
9
8
6
2
7
4
5
1
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
31
V4017-01 T1 Interconnect Fitting Assembly
4
3
2
1
Drawing No.
Order No.
1
2
3
4
V3151
V3150
V3105
V4017
Description
W100T Nut 1" Quick Connect
W100T Split Ring
O-Ring 215
T1 Interconnect Fitting
Quantity
4
4
4
2
A. Fitting Installation Instructions:
• Installation fittings are designed to accommodate minor plumbing misalignments, but are not designed to support the weight of a system
or the plumbing.
• Slide nut on first, then the split ring and o-ring.
• Hand tighten the nut only.
The V4017-01 can be used on tanks up to 10” in diameter.
If using 12” diameter tanks or larger V4052 PIPE PVC SCH 80 1-1/4X 20
(36 pieces per box) may be purchased and combined with two V3007-07 W100T FTG 1.25&1.5 PVC SLVNT ASY. The V4052 PIPE
PVC SCH 80 1-1/4X 20 can be cut to the desired length.
32
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
D1400 1191 In/Out Head
1
2
Drawing No.
Order No.
1
2
V3180
V3105
Description
O-Ring 337
O-Ring 215 (Distributor Tube)
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
33
Quantity
1
1
W100T Control Valve System Description
The W100T control valves consist of the following components:
1. Drive Assembly
2. Drive Cap Assembly, Main Piston and Regenerant Piston
3. Spacer Stack Assembly
4. Injector Cap, Screen, Injector Plug and Injector 5.
6.
7.
8.
Refill Flow Control Assembly or Refill Port Plug
Drain Line Flow Control and Fitting Assembly
Water Meter
Twin Transfer Valve
Drive Assembly
The drive assembly consists of the following parts:
• Drive Bracket
• Printed Circuit (PC) Board
• Motor
• Drive Gears
• Drive Gear Cover
The drive bracket holds the PC board, the motor, the drive gears and the drive gear cover in place.
The PC board receives and retains information, displays the information, determines when to regenerate and initiates regeneration. The display
shows different types of information in the initial system set up (for softeners or filters), installer display settings, diagnostics, valve history or
user display settings.
The PC board powers the motor. The PC board’s two-prong jack connects wires to the direct current (DC) motor. The motor is held in place on
the drive bracket by a spring-loaded clip and a small bulge in the plastic, which fits in one of the slots on the motor housing. The motor turns
drive gears that drive the piston to cycle positions for backwashing, regeneration, rinsing, refill or service. The motor is fully reversible (turns
both ways) and changes direction of rotation to change the direction of piston motion. The motor is easily replaced if necessary.
There are three drive gears held in place by the drive gear cover. All three drive gears are the same size. A reflective coating is applied to the
gears. As the center drive gear turns a light shines on the coating and a light sensing diode determines if a light pulse was returned. The PC
board counts the pulses and determines when to stop driving the motor.
Drive Cap Assembly, Main Piston and Regenerant Piston
The drive gears turn the main gear of the drive cap assembly, which moves the piston. The screw-driven, horizontally moving piston stops at
specific positions to direct the flow of water to backwash, regenerate, rinse or refill. The PC board determines the position of the piston by
counting pulses produced when the piston is moved. An optical sensor looking at one of the reduction drive gears generates these pulses.
Each cycle position is defined by a number of pulses. The counter is zeroed each time the valve goes to the service position. The PC board
finds the service position by noting the increase in current delivered to the motor when the mechanical stop at the service position is reached.
This method of controlling piston position allows for greater flexibility and requires no switches or cams (U.S. Patent 6444127).
One of two main pistons is always used:
1. A 1.25" diameter downflow piston is used when the W100T control valve is used as a downflow softener, regenerating filter or nonregenerating filter.
2. A 1.25" diameter upflow piston is used when the W100T control valve is used as an upflow softener. Upflow option not applicable for EA,
EE or EI control valves.
If the control valve is used as a softener or a regenerating filter, a regenerant piston must be attached to the main piston. If the control valve is
to be used on a system that does not require a regenerant to be added, the regenerant piston must be removed.
34
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Spacer Stack Assembly
The spacer stack assembly provides the necessary flow passage for water during the different cycles. The all-plastic spacer stack assembly
(U.S. Patent 6402944) is a one-piece design which allows the stack to be removed using your fingers.
The exterior of the stack is sealed against the body bore with self lubricating EPDM o-rings, while the interior surface is sealed against the
piston using slippery self cleaning directional (one-way) silicone lip seals. The lip seals are clear in color and have a special slippery coating so
that the piston does not need to be lubricated.
Injector Cap, Screen, Injector Plug and Injector
The screen, injector and/or injector plug(s) are installed under the injector cap in an easy to access location on top of the valve. The injector cap
contains four slots so no water accumulates in the cap. The injector cap is designed to be hand tightened.
Under the injector cap there is an easy to clean removable screen to prevent fouling of the injector. There are two holes under the injector cap
labeled “DN” and “UP”. The holes will be filled with a plug or an injector.
The plug (Order # V3010-1Z) prevents water from traveling a certain pathway. The injector lets water pass through the pathway. The selfpriming injector increases the velocity of the water, creating a zone of negative pressure that draws in the concentrated liquid regenerant, such
as sodium chloride (brine), potassium permanganate, etc. The regenerant blends with the stream of water, which passes through the media to
regenerate the bed.
The injector provides a consistent regenerant/water mixture ratio over the entire operating pressure range of the control valve. The injector
provides good performance in a variety of applications, which may involve elevated drain lines and long regenerant draw lengths. Injectors
are chosen by knowing the type, amount, and regenerant flow rate for a particular type of media. Guidelines can be found in the media
manufacturer’s literature. The color coded injectors give different regenerant draw, slow rinse and total flow rates over the pressure range.
See injector graphs (pages 25-28) for total, slow rinse and draw flow rates.
The control valve has been manufactured to be one of the following:
• regeneration downflow W100T (for softeners or regenerating filters install injector in DN location, plug in UP location)
• regeneration upflow W100T (upflow option is for softeners only, which are not EA, EE or EI control valves. Install injector in UP location,
plug in other hole location)
• no regenerant W100T (both the DN and UP holes have injector plugs installed) and plug installed for the refill elbow
NOTICE
It is okay to field convert valves from upflow to downflow and
vice versa with the W100T valve as long as software supports
upflow brine.
Refill Flow Control Assembly or Refill Port Plug
The refill flow control assembly consists of a refill flow elbow, refill flow control retainer assembly, refill flow control, polytube insert and nut
assembly. The refill flow control retainer fits in the refill elbow. The refill flow control retainer houses the refill flow control which controls the flow
rate when the regenerant tank is being refilled. The refill flow control is a flexible washer-like part with a small orifice and a precision molded
contour that delivers a steady 0.5 gpm regenerant tank refill rate at varying inlet pressures. Refill is accomplished with treated water.
The refill flow control assembly is installed in an easy to access refill elbow located on top of the control valve. The refill flow control assembly is
attached to the control valve with a locking clip. The locking clip allows the elbow to rotate 270 degrees so the outlet can be orientated towards
the regenerant tank.
The control valve has a standard refill elbow to which a 3/8” flexible tube can be connected. An optional elbow can be ordered which
accommodates a ½” flexible tube for a high regenerant draw rate situation. Both elbows use the same refill flow control and retainer.
If the control valve is to be used as a non-regenerant filter control valve, the refill elbow is removed and replaced with a refill port plug P/N V3195-01.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
35
Drain Line Flow Control and Fitting Assembly
The drain line flow control assembly includes a drain line flow control and a fitting. The drain line flow control allows proper media bed
expansion by regulating the flow rate to the drain. The drain line flow control is a flexible washer-like part with an orifice and a precision molded
contour. The flow rates are within ± 10% over the pressure range of 20 psi to 125 psi (1.4 bar to 8.6 bar). See table for flow rate information.
A. Drain Line Flow Control and Fitting Assembly Information
Drain Line Fitting
Drain Line Flow Control Order
No.
Number on Drain Line Flow Control
Backwash Flow Rate
(gpm)
Backwash Flow Rate
(lpm)
¾”
V3162-007
007
0.7
2.6
¾”
V3162-010
010
1.0
3.8
¾”
V3162-013
013
1.3
4.9
¾”
V3162-017
017
1.7
6.4
¾”
V3162-022
022
2.2
8.3
¾”
V3162-027
027
2.7
10.2
¾”
V3162-032
032
3.2
12.1
¾”
V3162-042
042
4.2
15.9
¾”
V3162-053
053
5.3
20.1
¾”
V3162-065
065
6.5
24.6
¾”
V3162-075
075
7.5
28.4
¾”
V3162-090
090
9.0
34.1
¾”
V3162-100
100
10.0
37.9
1”
V3190-090
090
9.0
34.1
1”
V3190-100
100
10.0
37.9
1”
V3190-110
110
11
41.6
1”
V3190-130
130
13
49.2
1”
V3190-150
150
15
56.8
1”
V3190-170
170
17
64.3
1”
V3190-200
200
20
75.7
1”
V3190-250
250
25
94.6
The drain line flow control and fitting are located on top of the control valve and replaceable without the use of special tools.
The drain line flow control can be installed in the standard ¾” drain line elbow, which accommodates 5/8” polytube or ¾” NPT drain line
connections. The optional nut and polytube insert for the ¾” drain line elbow is designed for use with flexible polytube only. The ¾” drain line
elbow can be rotated 180 degrees so the outlet can be orientated to the nearest drain. The same retainer is used for all drain line flow controls
for the ¾” fitting. Drain line flow controls designed for the 3/4” fitting are available for flow rates ranging from 0.7 to 10 gpm (2.6 to 37.9 lpm).
An optional 1” straight drain line fitting is available to accommodate drain line flow rates ranging from 9 to 25 gpm (34.1 to 94.6 lpm). This fitting
is straight but still connects to the control valve using the same locking clip. The drain line flow control is located between two fitted parts (i.e.
the fitting acts as the retainer). The nut is unscrewed to access the drain line flow control.
36
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Service Instructions
Drive Assembly
Remove the valve cover to access the drive assembly.
Disconnect the power source plug (black wire) from the PC board prior to disconnecting the motor or water meter plugs from the PC board.
The power source plug connects to the four-pin jack. The motor plug connects to the two-pin jack on the left-hand side of the PC board. The
water meter plug (gray wire) connects to the three-pin jack on the far right-hand side of the PC board.
The PC board can be removed separately from the drive bracket but it is not recommended. Do not attempt to remove the display panel from
the PC board. Handle the board by the edges. To remove the PC board from the drive bracket, unplug the power, water meter and motor
plugs from the PC board. Lift the middle latch along the top of the drive bracket while pulling outward on the top of the PC board. The drive
bracket has two plastic pins that fit into the holes on the lower edge of the PC board. Once the PC board is tilted about 45° from the drive
bracket it can be lifted off of these pins. To reinstall the PC board, position the lower edge of the PC board so that the holes in the PC board
line up with the plastic pins. Push the top of the PC board towards the valve until it snaps under the middle latch, weave the power and water
meter wires into the holders and reconnect the motor, water meter and power plugs.
The drive bracket must be removed to access the drive cap assembly and pistons or the drive gear cover. It is not necessary to remove the
PC board from the drive bracket to remove the drive bracket. To remove the drive bracket start by removing the plugs for the power source
and the water meter. Unweave the wires from the side holders. Two tabs on the top of the drive back plate hold the drive bracket in place.
Simultaneously lift the two tabs and gently ease the top of the drive bracket forward. The lower edge of the drive bracket has two notches that
rest on the drive back plate. Lift up and outward on the drive bracket to disengage the notches.
To reassemble, seat the bottom of the drive bracket so the notches are engaged at the bottom of the drive back plate. Push the top of the
drive bracket toward the two latches. The drive bracket may have to be lifted slightly to let the threaded piston rod pass through the hole in
the drive bracket. Maintain a slight engaging force on top of the drive bracket while deflecting the bracket slightly to the left by pressing on the
side of the upper right corner. This helps the drive gears mesh with the drive cap assembly. The drive bracket is properly seated when it snaps
under the latches on the drive back plate. If resistance is felt before latching, then notches are not fully engaged, the piston rod is not in hole,
the wires are jammed between the drive bracket and drive back plate, or the gear is not engaging the drive cap assembly.
To inspect the drive gears, the drive gear cover needs to be removed. Before trying to remove the gear cover, the drive bracket must be
removed from the drive back plate. (Refer to the instructions above regarding removing the drive bracket from the drive back plate. The drive
gear cover can be removed from the drive bracket without removing the motor or the PC board.) The drive gear cover is held in place on the
drive bracket by three clips. The largest of the three clips is always orientated to the bottom of the drive bracket. With the PC board facing up,
push in and down on the large clip on the drive gear cover. Handle the cover and the gears carefully so that the gears do not fall off the pegs in
the cover.
Replace broken or damaged drive gears. Do not lubricate any of the gears. Avoid getting any foreign matter on the reflective coating because
dirt or oils may interfere with pulse counting.
The drive gear cover only fits on one way, with the large clip orientated towards the bottom. If all three clips are outside of the gear shroud on
the drive bracket the drive gear cover slips easily into place.
The drive bracket does not need to be removed from the drive plate if the motor needs to be removed. To remove the motor, disconnect the
power and motor plugs from the jacks on the PC board. Move the spring clip loop to the right and hold. Rotate the motor at least a ¼ turn in
either direction so the wires are vertical (up & down) before gently pulling on the wire connectors to remove the motor. Pulling directly on the
wires without rotating the motor may break the wires off the motor.
Replace the motor if necessary. Do not lubricate the motor or the gears. To reinstall the motor, move the spring clip loop to the right and hold.
Gently turn the motor while inserting so that the gear on the motor meshes with the gears under the drive gear cover. Release the spring clip
loop and continue to rotate the motor until the wires are horizontal and the motor housing engages the small plastic bulge inside the drive
bracket motor retainer. Reconnect the motor plug to the two-pronged jack on the lower left side of the PC board. If the motor will not easily
engage with the drive gears when reinstalling, lift and slightly rotate the motor before reinserting. Reconnect the power plug.
Replace the valve cover. After completing any valve maintenance involving the drive assembly or the drive cap assembly and pistons unplug
power source jack from the printed circuit board (black wire) and plug back in or press and hold NEXT and REGEN buttons for 3 seconds.This
resets the electronics and establishes the service piston position. The display should flash all wording, then flash the software version and then
reset the valve to the service position.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
37
Drive Cap Assembly, Main Piston and Regenerant Piston
The drive assembly must be removed to access the drive cap assembly. The drive cap assembly must be removed to access the piston(s). The
drive cap assembly is threaded into the control valve body and seals with an o-ring. To remove the drive cap assembly use the special plastic
wrench or insert a ¼” to ½” flat blade screwdriver into one of the slots around the top 2” of the drive cap assembly so it engages the notches
molded into the drive back plate around the top 2” of the piston cavity. The notches are visible through the holes. Lever the screwdriver so the
drive cap assembly turns counter clockwise. Once loosened unscrew the drive cap assembly by hand and pull straight out.
The drive cap assembly contains the drive cap, the main drive gear, drive cap spline, piston rod and various other parts that should not be
dissembled in the field. The only replaceable part on the drive cap assembly is the o-ring. Attached to the drive cap assembly is the main
piston (downflow or upflow) and if a regenerant is used, a regenerant piston. Upflow is not applicable to EA, EE or EI control valves.
The regenerant piston (the small diameter one behind the main piston) is removed from the main piston by pressing sideways and unsnapping
it from its latch. Chemically clean in dilute sodium bisulfite or vinegar, or replace the regenerant piston if needed. To remove the main piston
fully extend the piston rod and then unsnap the main piston from its latch by pressing on the side with the number. Chemically clean in dilute
sodium bisulfite or vinegar, or replace the main piston.
Reattach the main piston to the drive cap assembly. Reattach the regenerant piston (if needed) to the main piston. Reinsert the drive cap
assembly and piston into the spacer stack assembly and hand tighten the drive cap assembly. Continue to tighten the drive cap assembly
using a screwdriver as a ratchet until the black o-ring on the spacer stack assembly is no longer visible through the drain port. Excessive force
can break the notches molded into the drive back plate. Make certain that the main drive gear still turns freely. The exact position of the piston
is not important as long as the main drive gear turns freely.
Reattach the drive assembly to the control valve and connect all plugs. After completing any valve maintenance involving the drive assembly
or the drive cap assembly and pistons unplug power source jack from the printed circuit board (black wire) and plug back in or press and hold
NEXT and REGEN buttons for 3 seconds. This resets the electronics and establishes the service piston position. The display should flash all
wording, then flash the software version and then reset the valve to the service position.
38
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Spacer Stack Assembly
To access the spacer stack assembly remove the drive assembly, drive cap assembly and piston. The spacer stack assembly can be removed
easily without tools by using thumb and forefinger. Inspect the black o-rings and clear lip seals for wear or damage. Replace the entire stack if
necessary. Do not disassemble the stack.
The spacer stack assembly may be chemically cleaned (dilute sodium bisulfite or vinegar) or wiped with a soft cloth.
The spacer stack assembly can be pushed in to the control valve body bore by hand. Since the spacer stack assembly can be compressed
it is easier to use a blunt object (5/8” to 1-1/8” in diameter) to push the center of the assembly into the control valve body. The assembly is
properly seated when at least four threads are exposed (approximately 5/8”). Do not force the spacer stack assembly in. The control valve
body bore interior can be lubricated with silicone to allow for easy insertion of the entire stack.
Reattach the drive cap assembly and piston(s) and the drive assembly.
After completing any valve maintenance involving the drive assembly or the drive cap assembly and pistons unplug power source jack from
the printed circuit board (black wire) and plug back in or press and hold NEXT and REGEN buttons for 3 seconds. This resets the electronics
and establishes the service piston position. The display should flash all wording, then flash the software version and then reset the valve to the
service position.
Injector Cap, Screen, Injector Plug and Injector
Unscrew the injector cap and lift off. Loosen cap with special plastic wrench or pliers if necessary. Attached to the injector cap is a screen.
Remove the screen and clean if fouled.
The plug and/or injector can be pried out with a small screwdriver. The plug can be wiped clean. If the plug leaks replace the entire plug. The
injector consists of a throat and a nozzle. Chemically clean the injector with vinegar or sodium bisulfite. The holes can be blown out with air.
Both pieces have small diameter holes that control the flow rates of water to insure that the proper concentration of regenerant is used. Sharp
objects, which can score the plastic, should not be used to clean the injector. Scoring the injector or increasing the diameter of the hole could
change the operating parameters of the injector.
NOTICE
Two holes are labeled DN and UP. Check for compliance.
Refer to Valve Body Compliance Table at the begining of this manual.
Push the plug(s) and/or injectors firmly in place, replace the screen and hand tighten the injector cap.
Refill Flow Control Assembly or Refill Port Plug
To clean or replace the refill flow control, pull out the elbow-locking clip and then pull straight up on the elbow. Replace the elbow locking clip in
the slot so that it is not misplaced. Twist to remove the white flow control retainer. The flow control can be removed by prying upward through
the side slots of the retainer with a small flat blade screwdriver.
Chemically clean the flow control or the white flow control retainer using dilute sodium bisulfite or vinegar. Do not use a wire brush. If necessary,
replace the flow control, o-ring on the flow control retainer, or the o-ring on the elbow.
Reseat the flow control so the rounded end is visible in the flow control. Reseat the white flow control retainer by pushing the retainer into the
elbow until the o-ring seats. Remove locking clip, push down on elbow to reseat and insert locking clip.
Do not use Vaseline, oils, or other unacceptable lubricants on o-rings. A silicone lubricant may be used on the o-ring on the elbow or the white
retainer.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
39
Water Meter
The water meter assembly is connected to the PC board by a wire. If the entire water meter assembly is to be replaced, remove the control
valve cover and disconnect the power source and water meter plugs from the PC board. Unlatch the drive assembly and lean it forward.
Unthread the water meter wire from the side of the drive assembly and through the drive back plate. To reinstall, rethread the water meter wire
through the drive back plate and the side of the drive assembly. Reattach the drive assembly and the water meter and power plugs.
NOTICE
THIS WATER METER SHOULD NOT BE USED AS THE PRIMARY
MONITORING DEVICE FOR CRITICAL OR HEALTH EFFECT APPLICATIONS.
• Operating Pressures:
20 PSI Minimum / 125 PSI Maximum
• Operating temperatures:
40°F MINIMUM / 110°F MAXIMUM.
If no water meter wire is visible, then a plug is installed, not a water meter.
The water meter wire does not need to be removed from the PC board if the water meter is only being inspected and cleaned. To remove the
water meter assembly, unscrew the meter cap on the left side of the control valve. Pliers may be used to unscrew the nut if necessary.
With the nut removed, a slot at the top of the water meter is visible. Twist a flat blade screwdriver in the slot between the control valve body
and the meter. When the meter is part way out it is easy to remove the water meter from the housing. Once the water meter is removed from
the control valve body, gently pull forward on the turbine to remove it from the shaft.
Do not use a wire brush to clean the turbine. Wipe with a clean cloth or chemically clean in dilute sodium bisulfite or vinegar. The turbine can be
immersed in the chemical. Do not immerse electronics. If the turbine is scored or damaged or the bearings on the turbine are worn, replace the
turbine.
Do not lubricate the turbine shaft. The turbine shaft bearings are prelubricated. Do not use Vaseline, oils, or other unacceptable lubricants on
the o-ring. A silicone lubricant may be used on the black o-ring.
Reinsert the water meter into the side slot. Hand tighten the nut. Do not use a pipe wrench to tighten nut.
40
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Servicing Transfer Cap Assemblies
The control valves backplate must be removed first to
allow access to removing the transfer cap assembly.
Release locking tabs
from each side to
remove back plate.
Hold slight downward pressure on the top left corner of
the backplate while using a thin flat screwdriver or knife
blade to push in on the locking tabs, this will release
the backplate and it will twist to the left off of the valve
body. For removal of the drive motor side you will need to
remove the drive cover assembly to access the motorized
drive. The drive motor can be removed by pressing the
spring clip loop to the right then rotate the motor a ¼ turn
and pull outward to remove the motor from the reducing
gear cover assembly. Remove the three Phillips head
stainless steel screws that retain the reducing gear cover
to the drive cap. Once the cover is removed you have
access to the reducing drive gears simply slide them off
of the gear axles with your fingers to inspect / check them
there are 3 small black gears with foil decals and 1 larger
black reducing gear. Remove the large white drive gear
from the stainless steel drive shaft. To remove the large white transfer drive gear firmly grab the outside edge of the gear with your fingers and
pull it outward away from the control valve assembly. Now you can use a 5/32” or 4mm allen wrench to remove the ¼-20 screws that retain the
transfer drive cap assemblies on both sides of the valve.
Once the screws are removed from retaining the inlet side transfer valve cap and the outlet drive motor transfer cap from the control valve the
cap will spring out away from the valve body. At this point the transfer discs may be removed by pulling the discs outward off of the shaft away
from the valve body with your hand. With the disc out you can inspect the flat surface area to be sure it’s clean and smooth free of any debris
or scratches. Note that the disc is keyed to the drive shaft so that it will only assemble in one orientation. The transfer discs may be chemically
cleaned with a dilute sodium bisulfate solution, vinegar or just wiped with a soft clean cloth.
Seal "Lip"
feature
To remove seals gently pull out on the outer lip of the seal to lift the seal out from its cavity
being careful not to damage the face surface of the seal. To reassemble re-seat seals
into the seal cavity of the control valve body being sure that the lip of the seal is facing
outward. With seals in place put a thin film of Dow #7 on the tops of the seals and the
flat surface of the discs. Prior to reinstalling the discs the drive shaft should be removed
and the O-rings cleaned, inspected and lubricated with Dow #7. The shaft can then be
installed into the disc prior to installation. With the outlet disc assembled to the shaft the
orientation of the shaft to inlet disc can be assured by installing the set with the through
hole on the outlet disc at the 6 o’clock position.
The easiest thing would be to remove both disc drives and assemble the outlet side first.
Then each disc could be fitted on the shaft individually. At this point the transfer valve cap
assemblies can be reinstalled.
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
41
Servicing Transfer Cap Assemblies (continued)
NOTE: That both transfer caps only mount in one orientation. Prior to installation of cap assembly be sure to check that the
stainless steel spring and the plastic spring support is in place attached to the inside of the cap assembly. Next you can
wipe the outside edge of the O-ring on the cap and the inside mating area of the valve with a clean cloth & re-apply a thin
layer of silicone lubricant like Dow #7.
! CAUTION
BE SURE NOT TO USE ANYTHING HYDROCARBON BASED SUCH
AS VASELINE OR PETROLEUM JELLY TO LUBRICATE PLASTIC
COMPONENTS OR O-RINGS AS THEY WILL BE DAMAGED BY
THE HYDROCARBONS AND POTENTIALLY CAUSE FAILURES
THAT CAN RESULT WITH LEAKS.
Noting the one possible orientation of the transfer drive cap, use one hand to press in and support the transfer drive cap while using the
opposing hand to start two screws in, one on the top and one opposing it on the bottom. Tighten the screws in evenly so the cap seats
the O-ring without getting pinched or damaged. Screws should only be hand tightened with a 5/32” or 4mm allen wrench, DO NOT OVER
TIGHTEN SCREWS.
NOTICE
Be careful and make sure the meter cable doesn’t get under the drive cap
while tightening as it will result in damaging the cable.
Position the large white drive gear with the “A” pointing toward the 1
o’clock position and then press it onto the stainless steel drive shaft, make
sure it snaps & locks into position.
NOTICE
The white drive gear is splined to the drive shaft and will only assemble in
one orientation. Because of this it is not necessary that the discs and gear
be exactly positioned, the positioning needs to be approximate but they
have to fit on the shaft.
"A" text orientated
towards 1 o'clock
Splines can only
fit one direction
on shaft.
Next install the larger black reducing gear onto the stainless steel shaft,
then install the remaining smaller reducing gears from left to right. Re-install
the grey reducing gear cover over the gears and affix with the 3 stainless
steel screws. Now you can re-install the drive motor by pressing the spring
clip loop to the right then rotate the motor as you are inserting it so the
gear of the motor meshes properly with the reducing gears. Release the
spring clip loop and rotate the motor untill the motor housing engages with
the plastic nub inside the housing that holds the motor in place and make
sure that the top of the motor is flush with the top of the grey gear housing.
Press the drive motor wires down into the strain relief of the drive cap, now
you can re-install the cover assembly.
NOTE: After completing any valve maintenance involving the valve drive assembly or the transfer drive assembly please press
and hold the NEXT & the REGEN buttons simultaneously for 3 to 5 seconds to perform a soft reset which will synchronize
the control valves positions.
42
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Troubleshooting
Problem
1. No Display on PC Board
2. PC Board does not display correct time of day
Possible Cause
a. No power at electric outlet
a. Repair outlet or use working outlet
b. Control valve Power Adapter not plugged
into outlet or power cord end not
connected to PC board connection
b. Plug Power Adapter into outlet or
connect power cord end to PC Board
connection
c. Improper power supply
c. Verify proper voltage is being delivered
to PC Board
d. Defective Power Adapter
d. Replace Power Adapter
e. Defective PC Board
e. Replace PC Board
a. Power Adapter plugged into electric outlet
controlled by light switch
a. Use uninterrupted outlet
b. Tripped breaker switch and/or tripped GFI
b. Reset breaker switch and/ or GFI
switch
c. Power outage
c. Reset time of day. If PC Board has
battery back up present the battery
may be depleted. See Front Cover
and Drive Assembly drawing for
instructions.
d. Defective PC Board
d. Replace PC Board
a. Meter is not connected to meter
connection on PC Board
a. Connect meter to three pin connection
labeled METER on PC Board
b. Restricted/ stalled meter turbine
c. Remove meter and check for rotation
or foreign material
c. Meter wire not installed securely into three
pin connector
c. Verify meter cable wires are installed
securely into three pin connector
labeled METER
d. Defective meter
d. Replace meter
e. Defective PC Board
e. Replace PC Board
a. Power outage
a. Reset time of day. If PC Board has
battery back up present the battery
may be depleted. See Front Cover
and Drive Assembly drawing for
instructions.
4. Control valve regenerates at wrong time of day b. Time of day not set correctly
c. Time of regeneration set incorrectly
7. Control valve does not regenerate
automatically but does when the REGEN
button is depressed and held.
b. Reset to correct time of day
c. Reset regeneration time
d. Control valve set at “on 0” (immediate
regeneration)
d. Check programming setting and reset
to NORMAL (for a delayed regen time)
e. Control valve set at “NORMAL + on 0”
(delayed and/ or immediate)
e. Check programming setting and reset
to NORMAL (for a delayed regen time)
a. Power outage
a. Reset time of day. If PC Board has
battery back up present the battery
may be depleted. See Front Cover
and Drive Assembly drawing for
instructions.
a. Broken drive gear or drive cap assembly
a. Replace drive gear or drive cap
assembly
b. Broken Piston Rod
b. Replace piston rod
c. Defective PC Board
c. Defective PC Board
a. Meter is not connected to meter
connection on PC Board
a. Connect meter to three pin connection
labeled METER on PC Board
b. Restricted/ stalled meter turbine
b. Remove meter and check for rotation
or foreign material
c. Incorrect programming
c. Check for programming error
d. Meter wire not installed securely into three
pin connector
d. Verify meter cable wires are installed
securely into three pin connector
labeled METER
e. Defective meter
e. Replace meter
f. Defective PC Board
f. Replace PC Board
5. Time of day flashes on and off
6. Control valve does not regenerate
automatically when the REGEN button is
depressed and held.
Solution
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
43
Problem
8. Hard or untreated water is being delivered
Possible Cause
a. Check program settings or diagnostics
for abnormal water usage
b. Meter not registering
b. Remove meter and check for rotation
or foreign material
c. Water quality fluctuation
c. Test water and adjust program values
accordingly
d. No regenerant or low level of regenerant in
regenerant tank
d. Add proper regenerant to tank
e. Control fails to draw in regenerant
e. Refer to Trouble Shooting Guide
number 12
f. Insufficient regenerant level in regenerant
tank
f. Check refill setting in programming.
Check refill flow control for restrictions
or debris and clean or replace
g. Damaged seal/stack assembly
g. Replace seal/stack assembly
h. Control valve body type and piston type
mix matched
h. Verify proper control valve body type
and piston type match
i. Fouled media bed
i. Replace media bed
a. Improper refill setting
a. Check refill setting
b. Improper program settings
b. Check program setting to make sure
they are specific to the water quality
and application needs
c. Control valve regenerates frequently
c. Check for leaking fixtures that may
be exhausting capacity or system is
undersized
a. Low water pressure
a. Check incoming water pressure
– water pressure must remain at
minimum of 25 psi
b. Incorrect injector size
b. Replace injector with correct size for
the application
c. Restricted drain line
c. Check drain line for restrictions or
debris and clean
a. Improper program settings
a. Check refill setting
b. Plugged injector
b. Remove injector and clean or replace
c. Drive cap assembly not tightened in
properly
c. Re-tighten the drive cap assembly
d. Damaged seal/ stack assembly
d. Replace seal/ stack
e. Restricted or kinked drain line
e. Check drain line for restrictions or
debris and or straighten drain line
f. Plugged backwash flow controller
f. Remove backwash flow controller and
clean or replace
9. Control valve uses too much regenerant
10. Residual regenerant being delivered to
service
11. Excessive water in regenerant tank
12. Control valve fails to draw in regenerant
13. Water running to drain
Solution
a. Media is exhausted due to high water
usage
g. Missing refill flow controller
g. Replace refill flow controller
a. Injector is plugged
a. Remove injector and clean or replace
b. Faulty regenerant piston
b. Replace regenerant piston
c. Regenerant line connection leak
c. Inspect regenerant line for air leak
d. Drain line restriction or debris cause excess d. Inspect drain line and clean to correct
back pressure
restriction
e. Drain line too long or too high
e. Shorten length and or height
f. Low water pressure
f. Check incoming water pressure
– water pressure must remain at
minimum of 25 psi
a. Power outage during regeneration
a. Upon power being restored control will
finish the remaining regeneration time.
Reset time of day.
b. Damaged seal/ stack assembly
b. Replace seal/ stack assembly
c. Piston assembly failure
c. Replace piston assembly
d. Drive cap assembly not tightened in
properly
d. Re-tighten the drive cap assembly
44
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
Problem
Possible Cause
a. Disconnect power, make sure motor is
fully engaged, check for broken wires,
make sure two pin connector on motor
is connected to the two pin connection
on the PC Board labeled MOTOR.
Press NEXT and REGEN buttons for 3
seconds to resynchronize software with
piston position or disconnect power
supply from PC Board for 5 seconds
and then reconnect.
b. PC Board not properly snapped into drive
bracket
b. Properly snap PC Board into drive
bracket and then Press NEXT and
REGEN buttons for 3 seconds to
resynchronize software with piston
position or disconnect power supply
from PC Board for 5 seconds and
then reconnect.
c. Missing reduction gears
c. Replace missing gears
a. Foreign material is lodged in control valve
a. Open up control valve and pull out
piston assembly and seal/ stack
assembly for inspection. Press NEXT
and REGEN buttons for 3 seconds
to resynchronize software with piston
position or disconnect power supply
from PC Board for 5 seconds and
then reconnect.
b. Mechanical binding
b. Check piston and seal/ stack
assembly, check reduction gears,
check drive bracket and main drive
gear interface. Press NEXT and
REGEN buttons for 3 seconds to
resynchronize software with piston
position or disconnect power supply
from PC Board for 5 seconds and then
reconnect.
c. Main drive gear too tight
c. Loosen main drive gear. Press NEXT
and REGEN buttons for 3 seconds
to resynchronize software with piston
position or disconnect power supply
from PC Board for 5 seconds and
then reconnect.
d. Improper voltage being delivered to PC
Board
d. Verify that proper voltage is
being supplied. Press NEXT and
REGEN buttons for 3 seconds to
resynchronize software with piston
position or disconnect power supply
from PC Board for 5 seconds and
then reconnect.
a. Motor failure during a regeneration
a. Check motor connections then Press
NEXT and REGEN buttons for 3
seconds to resynchronize software
with piston position or disconnect
power supply from PC Board for 5
seconds and then reconnect.
b. Foreign matter built up on piston and
stack assemblies creating friction and drag
enough to time out motor
b. Replace piston and stack assemblies.
Press NEXT and REGEN buttons for
3 seconds to resynchronize software
with piston position or disconnect
power supply from PC Board for 5
seconds and then reconnect.
c. Drive bracket not snapped in properly and
out enough that reduction gears and drive
gear do not interface
c. Snap drive bracket in properly then
Press NEXT and REGEN buttons for 3
seconds to resynchronize software with
piston position or disconnect power
supply from PC Board for 5 seconds
and then reconnect.
14. E1, Err – 1001, Err – 101 = Control unable to
sense motor movement
15. E2, Err – 1002, Err – 102 = Control valve
motor ran too short and was unable to find
the next cycle position and stalled
16. E3, Err – 1003, Err – 103 = Control valve
motor ran too long and was unable to find the
next cycle position
Solution
a. Motor not inserted full to engage pinion,
motor wires broken or disconnected
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
45
Problem
17. Err – 1004, Err – 104 = Control valve motor
ran too long and timed out trying to reach
home position
Possible Cause
a. Drive bracket not snapped in properly and
out enough that reduction gears and drive
gear do not interface
a. Snap drive bracket in properly then
Press NEXT and REGEN buttons for
3 seconds to resynchronize software
with piston position or disconnect
power supply from PC Board for 5
seconds and then reconnect.
a. Control valve programmed for ALT A or b,
nHbP, SEPS, or AUX MAV with out having
a MAV or NHBP valve attached to operate
that function
a. Press NEXT and REGEN buttons for
3 seconds to resynchronize software
with piston position or disconnect
power supply from PC Board for 5
seconds and then reconnect. Then reprogram valve to proper setting
b. MAV/ NHBP motor wire not connected to
PC Board
b. Connect MAV/ NHBP motor to
PC Board two pin connection
labeled DRIVE. Press NEXT and
REGEN buttons for 3 seconds to
resynchronize software with piston
position or disconnect power supply
from PC Board for 5 seconds and
then reconnect.
c. MAV/ NHBP motor not fully engaged with
reduction gears
c. Properly insert motor into casing,
do not force into casing Press NEXT
and REGEN buttons for 3 seconds
to resynchronize software with piston
position or disconnect power supply
from PC Board for 5 seconds and
then reconnect.
d. Foreign matter built up on piston and
stack assemblies creating friction and drag
enough to time out motor
d. Replace piston and stack assemblies.
Press NEXT and REGEN buttons for
3 seconds to resynchronize software
with piston position or disconnect
power supply from PC Board for 5
seconds and then reconnect.
a. Foreign material is lodged in MAV/ NHBP
valve
a. Open up MAV/ NHBP valve and check
piston and seal/ stack assembly for
foreign material. Press NEXT and
REGEN buttons for 3 seconds to
resynchronize software with piston
position or disconnect power supply
from PC Board for 5 seconds and
then reconnect.
b. Mechanical binding
b. Check piston and seal/ stack
assembly, check reduction gears,
drive gear interface, and check MAV/
NHBP black drive pinion on motor
for being jammed into motor body.
Press NEXT and REGEN buttons for
3 seconds to resynchronize software
with piston position or disconnect
power supply from PC Board for 5
seconds and then reconnect.
18. Err -1006, Err – 106,
rr - 116 = MAV/ SEPS/ NHBP/ AUX MAV
E
valve motor ran too long and unable to find
the proper park position
Motorized Alternating Valve = MAV
Separate Source = SEPS
No Hard Water Bypass = NHBP
Auxiliary MAV = AUX MAV
19. Err – 1007, Err – 107,
rr - 117 = MAV/ SEPS/ NHBP/ AUX MAV
E
valve motor ran too short (stalled) while
looking for proper park position
Solution
Motorized Alternating Valve = MAV
Separate Source = SEPS
No Hard Water Bypass = NHBP
Auxiliary MAV = AUX MAV
46
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
NOTES
W100T Twin Alternating Series Softeners
47
WARNING: This product contains chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
For more information: www.watts.com/prop65
LIMITED WARRANTY: Certain Watts products come with a limited warranty from Watts Regulator Co. Other products may have no warranty or are covered by the original manufacturer’s
warranty only. For specific product warranty information, please visit www.watts.com or the published literature that comes with your product. Any remedies stated in such warranties are exclusive and
are the only remedies for breach of warranty. EXCEPT FOR THE APPLICABLE PRODUCT WARRANTY, IF ANY, WATTS MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT
PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, WATTS HEREBY SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND IN NO EVENT SHALL WATTS BE LIABLE, IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY OR UNDER ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY,
FOR INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR PROPERTY DAMAGE, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER IT WAS INFORMED
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IOM-WQ-W100T 1330 EDP# 2915096
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