Zero FX Owner`s manual

2014 OWNER’S MANUAL
™
WWW.ZEROMOTORCYCLES.COM
ZERO FX
TAKE CHARGE
2014 OWNER’S MANUAL
ZERO FX
™
Table Of Contents
Introduction .................................................... 1.1
Introduction.................................................................. 1.1
An Important Message To You From Zero
Motorcycles ............................................................... 1.1
About This Manual .................................................... 1.1
Useful Information For Safe Riding ........................... 1.2
Plug in Your Z-Force Power Pack™ ......................... 1.2
California Proposition 65 ........................................... 1.2
California Perchlorate Advisory................................. 1.2
Identification Numbers................................................ 1.3
Owner Information .................................................... 1.3
Power Pack Serial Number ....................................... 1.4
Motor Serial Number ................................................. 1.4
Key Code Number .................................................... 1.4
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .......................... 1.4
General Information .................................................... 1.6
Technical Specifications ........................................... 1.6
Vehicle Range........................................................... 1.8
Public Charging Stations........................................... 1.9
Maximizing Your Range ............................................ 1.9
Emissions Information............................................. 1.12
Transporting ............................................................ 1.13
Safety Information ......................................... 2.1
General Safety Precautions........................................ 2.1
General Safety Precautions ...................................... 2.1
Important Operating Information ............................... 2.2
Location of Important Labels ..................................... 2.3
Location of Important Labels ..................................... 2.3
Controls and Components ........................... 3.1
Controls and Components.......................................... 3.1
Motorcycle Controls .................................................. 3.2
Side View .................................................................. 3.4
Dash Overview.......................................................... 3.6
Warning Indicator Lights ........................................... 3.8
Dash Settings.......................................................... 3.10
Smartphone Application .......................................... 3.13
Bluetooth® Pairing .................................................. 3.13
Handlebar Controls ................................................. 3.14
Performance Level Mode Button............................. 3.17
Starting and Operating ................................. 4.1
Starting and Operating................................................ 4.1
First Time Set-Up ...................................................... 4.1
Unpacking Your Zero Motorcycle.............................. 4.2
General Operation ....................................................... 4.3
General Operation..................................................... 4.3
Key Switch/Steering Lock Positions.......................... 4.4
Power Pack ............................................................... 4.5
Power Pack Charger ................................................. 4.8
Operating Your Motorcycle ..................................... 4.14
Front Suspension Adjustment ................................. 4.16
Rear Shock Adjustment .......................................... 4.18
TOC.1
Table Of Contents
Maintenance ................................................... 5.1
Maintaining Your Motorcycle ......................................5.1
Owner’s Responsibilities............................................5.1
Parts/Maintenance Items ...........................................5.1
Maintenance Schedule ..............................................5.2
Component Fasteners ...............................................5.5
Power Pack ...................................................................5.8
Power Pack................................................................5.8
General Maintenance ...................................................5.9
Brakes........................................................................5.9
Suspension ..............................................................5.11
Wheels and Tires .....................................................5.12
Tire Inflation .............................................................5.12
Drive Belt .................................................................5.13
Drive Chain (Optional) .............................................5.15
Headlight Alignment.................................................5.18
Turn Signal Light Bulb Replacement .......................5.20
Brake/Tail Light Bulb Replacement..........................5.21
Running Light Bulb Replacement ............................5.21
Cleaning...................................................................5.23
Parking and Long Term Storage..............................5.24
Zero Motorcycles Accessories .................................5.24
Fuses .......................................................................5.24
Service Record ...........................................................5.27
Troubleshooting ............................................ 6.1
Troubleshooting ...........................................................6.1
TOC.2
Electric Motorcycle Safety Precautions..................... 6.1
Troubleshooting Your Motorcycle ............................. 6.1
System Warning Indicator ......................................... 6.2
General Troubleshooting .......................................... 6.5
Battery Management System.................................... 6.6
Cold and Hot Weather Considerations ................... 6.12
Safety Interlocks ..................................................... 6.14
Warranty and Customer Information........... 7.1
Limited Warranty Information .................................... 7.1
What Does This Limited Warranty Cover?................ 7.1
What Is The Coverage Period Of This Limited
Warranty? ................................................................. 7.1
Who Does This Limited Warranty Cover?................. 7.2
What Is Not Covered By This Limited Warranty? ..... 7.2
What Other Limitations Or Disclaimers Apply To This
Limited Warranty ....................................................... 7.4
What Are Your Responsibilities As A Customer? ..... 7.5
What Will Zero Do Under This Limited Warranty? .... 7.5
How Do You Obtain Service Under This Limited
Warranty? ................................................................. 7.6
Transfer Of Ownership And Warranty....................... 7.6
Customer Information ................................................. 7.7
Customer Assistance ................................................ 7.7
Reporting Safety Defects .......................................... 7.7
Introduction
An Important Message To You From Zero
Motorcycles
Introduction
Congratulations and thank you for purchasing the 2014
Zero FX electric motorcycle; we welcome you to the
community of Zero Motorcycles riders. This manual is
designed to provide you with a better understanding of the
operation, inspection, and basic maintenance
requirements of this motorcycle.
Zero continually seeks advancements in product design
and quality. Therefore, this manual contains the most
current product information available at the time of printing.
Because of this, your motorcycle may differ from the
information supplied in this owner’s manual. No legal
claims can be made on the basis of data in this manual.
When it comes time to sell your Zero, please remember to
hand over this manual; it is, by law, an important part of the
vehicle. If you have any questions concerning the
operation or maintenance of your motorcycle, please
contact Zero at support@zeromotorcycles.com.
About This Manual
This manual covers Zero FX motorcycles with the following
features:





Belt Drive / optional Chain Drive
Dual Sport Tires
Regenerative Braking
Integrated Charger
Lights
Locating and referencing information
A good place to locate information about the motorcycle is
in the index in the back of the manual. The terms “right” or
“left” refer to the rider’s right or left when sitting on the
motorcycle.
For 24 hour updates and additional information about your
motorcycle, visit the Owner Resources section of the Zero
Motorcycles website:
http://www.zeromotorcycles.com/owner-resources/
1.1
Introduction
Useful Information For Safe Riding
Plug in Your Z-Force Power Pack™
This manual contains the word CAUTION to indicate
something that could hurt you or others. It also contains
the word WARNING to indicate things that could damage
your motorcycle.
WARNING! Proper care of the motorcycle’s power pack is
essential! When not in use, the power pack should be left
on the charger even if fully charged. Failure to do so could
damage the power pack and therefore void your power
pack warranty. See “Power Pack”, on page 4-5 for other
important information about the power pack.
CAUTION: Please read this manual carefully and
completely before operating this motorcycle. Do not
attempt to operate this motorcycle until you have attained
adequate knowledge of its controls and operating features,
and until you have been trained in safe and proper riding
techniques. Regular inspections and proper maintenance,
along with good riding skills, will help you to safely enjoy
the capabilities and the reliability of this motorcycle.
Disregarding the aforementioned, however, may render
the warranty invalid.
This symbol is located in various locations
on the motorcycle to inform you that
exposure to high voltage can cause shock,
burns and even death.
The high voltage components on the motorcycle should be
serviced by technicians with special training.
High voltage cable or wiring has an orange covering. Do
not probe, tamper with, cut, or modify high voltage cable or
wiring.
1.2
California Proposition 65
WARNING! Certain motorcycles contain or emit chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm. In addition, certain
fluids contained in vehicles and certain products of
component wear contain or emit chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or
other reproductive harm.
California Perchlorate Advisory
WARNING! Certain components of this motorcycle such
as Lithium batteries may contain Perchlorate Material.
Special handling may apply for service or end of life
disposal. See www.dtsc.ca.gov
Identification Numbers
Owner Information
Identification Numbers
Record information pertaining to your motorcycle here. When contacting your dealer, you may need to provide this
information.
1.3
Identification Numbers
Power Pack Serial Number
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
The Power Pack serial number is located on the upper
right rear of the power pack.
The VIN is a 17-digit number stamped on the head tube of
the frame (A). Do not alter or remove this as it is the legal
identifier for your motorcycle.
Motor Serial Number
The motor serial number is stamped on the motor housing.
Key Code Number
The key code is a 5 digit number used to create duplicate
keys. This number is located on a tag that accompanies
the original keys.
See the location of all important labels on page 2-3.
1.4
Identification Numbers
VIN Break Down
The following breakdown of the VIN will help you understand the significance of each digit or character in case you need
to reference it when contacting Zero or ordering parts.
1.5
General Information
Technical Specifications
General Information
Zero FX
The Zero FX specifications below apply to both the ZF2.8
and ZF5.7 models (unless otherwise specified).
MOTOR
Type
Controller
Z-Force 75-5 passively air-cooled, high
efficiency, radial flux, permanent magnet,
brushless motor
High efficiency, 420 amp, 3-phase
brushless controller with re-generative
deceleration
Estimated Top Speed
(max)
85 mph (137 km/h)
Estimated Top Speed
(sustained)
70 mph (113 km/h)
POWER SYSTEM
Type
Maximum Capacity
Z-Force™ Li-Ion Intelligent Modular
 ZF2.8: 2.8 kWh
 ZF5.7: 5.7 kWh
Nominal Capacity
 ZF2.8: 2.5 kWh
 ZF5.7: 5.0 kWh
Charge Time (standard)
 ZF2.8: 4.1 hours(100% charged)/3.7
hours (95% charged)
 ZF5.7: 7.8 (100% charged)/7.4 (95%
charged)
1.6
Supplemental Charger
Quick Charge Time
(accessory)
 ZF2.8 1.9 hours (100% charged)/1.4
hours (95% charged)
 ZF5.7 3.3 hours (100% charged)/2.8
hours (95% charged)
CHAdeMo Recharge Time
(0 to 95%)
1.0 hour
CHAdeMo Recharge Time
(0 to 100%)
1.5 hours
Input
Standard 110 V AC or 220 V AC
Charger Type
1.3 kW Integrated
Estimated Power Pack Life
to 80% (city)
 ZF2.8: 79,000 miles (127,000 km)
 ZF5.7: 158,000 miles (254,000 km)
RANGE
City (EPA UDDS)
 ZF2.8 35 miles (56 km)
Highway, 55 mph
(88 km/h)
 ZF2.8 22 miles (35 km)
 ZF5.7 70 miles (113 km)
>Combined 
(City + 55 mph)
Highway, 70 mph
(112 km/h)
>Combined 
(City + 70 mph)
 ZF5.7 44 miles (71 km)
 ZF2.8 27 miles (43 km)
 ZF5.7 54 miles (87 km)
 ZF2.8 15 miles (24 km)
 ZF5.7 30 miles (48 km)
 ZF2.8 21 miles (34 km)
 ZF5.7 42 miles (68 km)
General Information
DRIVETRAIN
DIMENSIONS
Transmission
Clutchless Direct Drive
Wheel Base
56.6 in (1,438 mm)
Final Drive
132T/25T, Poly Chain® GT® Carbon™
(belt)
Seat Height
34.7 in (881 mm)
CHASSIS/SUSPENSION/BRAKES
Front Suspension Travel
9.05 in (230 mm)
Rear Suspension Travel
8.94 in (227 mm)
Front Brakes
Nissin 2 piston hydraulic
240 mm OD rotor, 4.5 mm thick
2 piston floating caliper
Rake
26.3 degrees
Trail
4.45 in (114 mm)
WEIGHT
Frame
Curb Weight
 ZF2.8 238 lbs (108 kg)
 ZF5.7 280 lbs (127 kg)
J-Juan 1 piston hydraulic
240 mm OD rotor, 4.5 mm thick
Single floating caliper
Carrying Capacity
Front Tire
3.00-21 in (90/90-21)
Typical Cost to Recharge
Rear Tire
4.10-18 in (110/90-18)
Front Wheel
1.60x21 in
Rear Wheels
2.15x18 in
Front Suspension
38mm OD steel stanchions, 48mm OD
outer tube clamping diameter. Inverted
forks with adjusted compression and
rebound damping
Rear Suspension
Piggyback reservoir shock with adjustable
spring preload, compression, and rebound
Rear Brakes
19.5 lbs (8.8 kg)
 ZF2.8 382 lbs (173 kg)
 ZF5.7 340 lbs (154 kg)
ECONOMY
 ZF 2.8: $ 0.3/€ 0.43
 ZF 5.7: $ 0.6/€ 0.85
Equivalent Fuel Economy
(city)
Equivalent Fuel Economy
(highway)
 472 MPGe (0.498 L/100 km)
 ZF 2.8: 202 MPGe (1.16 L/100 km)
 ZF 5.7: 202 MPGe (1.16 L/100 km)
1.7
General Information
Vehicle Range
The range of an electric vehicle is defined as the distance
the vehicle will travel on a single full charge of the power
pack. Just like EPA mileage estimates on an automobile,
“your mileage may vary.” Your range results are a direct
reflection of your riding habits. The more conservative you
ride the better range you can expect from your Zero
Motorcycle.
Some of the factors which affect range include speed,
acceleration, number of starts and stops, ambient air
temperature as well as changes in elevation. The
combination of these factors, as you travel from one point
to another, defines your trip profile. In addition, tire
pressure and payload are important considerations.
We suggest that you ride conservatively when you first get
your Zero Motorcycle, and get to know your motorcycle
and your commute. Once you become familiar with the
range versus performance of your motorcycle, then you
can adjust your riding characteristics if you so desire. This
applies mainly to riders with trip profiles which are at the
edge of the performance envelope. Those individuals with
relatively short commutes can expect to ride quite
aggressively and reach their destination with energy to
spare.
1.8
Reported motorcycle range values are measured using
two different types of industry standard test procedures:
1. “City (EPA UDDS)”: This test procedure uses a duty
cycle known as the “Universal Dynamometer Driving
Schedule (UDDS)”, which was developed by the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in order to
simulate city-type riding.
2. “Highway”: This test procedure uses two separate
constant speeds of 55 mph and 70 mph to simulate
highway riding.
Both of these test procedures are run on a single charge,
in order to report the associated measured range values.
Range values labeled “Combined” are based on a
calculation that assumes a duty cycle comprised of 50%
City / 50% Highway.
See technical specification charts beginning on page 1-6
for these ranges.
General Information
Public Charging Stations
Maximizing Your Range
There are more public charging stations coming online
every day and there may be some in your area. You can
charge from a public charging station with either the
optional J1772 Zero Motorcycle accessory or a CHAdeMO
Zero Motorcycle accessory. These stations are often
available at a variety of locations including shopping
centers, city parking lots, airports, hotels, government
offices, and other businesses. We recommend that you
search the internet for locations in your area. For example,
search for “charging stations.”
Range varies in electric motorcycles similarly to how it
varies in gas motorcycles. However, the big difference
between electric and gas is that energy consumption is
averaged over a shorter distance on an electric
motorcycle. Electric motorcycles are designed for
convenient daily recharges versus less frequent and less
convenient trips to the gas station. As a result, the same
electric motorcycle often yields different ranges from one
full recharge to the next.
CHAdeMO Charger
Your Zero Motorcycle can utilize a quick charging
CHAdeMO charger system. A CHAdeMO charger can
charge your motorcycle in about one hour. For additional
information contact your Zero Motorcycle dealer.
How to Predict the Range
To generally predict how an electric motorcycle’s range will
be affected, you can use the four factors:




route
rider
weather
motorcycle
By considering each of these factors, you can use
specifications such as ‘city range’ as standards to estimate
what the motorcycle’s real world range will be under the
your particular usage case.
1.9
General Information
1.10
General Information
1.11
General Information
Emissions Information
The Zero electric motorcycle is a true freeway capable
zero emissions vehicle under California Air Resources
Board (CARB), U.S. Federal (EPA), and European Union
standards. It uses no gasoline or other liquid fuel. It has no
tailpipe and therefore no tailpipe emissions. It also has no
exhaust or evaporative emissions. Because the Zero
Motorcycle runs solely on electricity, it is the only kind of
vehicle which actually gets cleaner in terms of air pollution
each year, as the electricity grid gets cleaner and more
renewable. Zero Emissions Vehicles (ZEV’s) offer greater
efficiency, and can help solve the serious air pollution,
global warming, and energy security problems facing the
country and the world.
WARNING! Please use only Zero approved parts and
accessories for your Zero Motorcycle. Parts and
accessories for your Zero Motorcycle have been checked
and tested for safety and suitability. Zero is unable to
accept any liability whatsoever for parts and accessories
which have not been approved.
1.12
General Information
Transporting
When the front fork is compressed, the built up pressure
must be released to help prevent fork seal leaks. There is
a 3 mm Allen “bleed” screw located just in front of the
rebound adjuster on each fork leg. This “bleed” screw (A)
is used to release the built up pressure. Loosen the screw
slowly, but do not remove. Once all the air is out, tighten
the bleed screw.
It is recommended that the motorcycle be tied-down using
ratchet straps. Place the ratchet straps around a frame
contact point. Soft straps must be used to prevent
scratches or other damage.
Use two ratchet straps in the front and two in the rear. The
tie down straps should be at a 45° angle from the
motorcycle. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the
ratchet straps you are using.
The fork must be fully extended (most likely on a stand or
balanced on the kickstand with the front tire in the air) then
the air can be bled and capped. Ensure that the screw is
tightened before riding.
1.13
Notes
1.14
General Safety Precautions
General Safety Precautions
Safety Information
General
Safety Precautions
 This is a performance motorcycle and should be
treated with extreme caution.
 Proper safety gear, including a regionally approved
helmet, riding boots, gloves, and protective clothing
should be worn while riding to reduce the risk of
potential injury. We highly recommend the use of full
height riding boots since the vast majority of motorcycle
injuries are leg and foot injuries. It is not recommended
to ride without the correct protective clothing; this
applies to even short journeys, and to every season of
the year.
 Read all additional warnings and product instructions in
this owner’s manual, as well as safety labels, before
operating your electric motorcycle.
 Never permit a guest to ride your electric motorcycle
without proper instruction.
 Never use alcohol or mind-altering drugs before
operating your electric motorcycle.
 Persons unwilling or unable to take responsibility for
their actions should not use this motorcycle. You
assume all responsibility while operating your
motorcycle. The seller will assume no liability for
misuse or operator negligence.
 Prior to each use the rider must check everything in the
“every ride” column of the maintenance schedule on
page 5-2, and the charge level of the power pack as
indicated on the dash display charge indicator.
 Your safety depends in part on the good mechanical
condition of the motorcycle. Be sure to follow the
maintenance schedule and adjustment requirements
contained in this manual. Be sure you understand the
importance of checking all items thoroughly before
riding.
 Modifications to the motorcycle may render the vehicle
unsafe and may cause severe personal injury. Zero
Motorcycles cannot be held liable for non-approved
modifications.
 Be very careful when loading or adding accessories to
your motorcycle. Large, bulky, or heavy items may
adversely affect the handling and performance of your
motorcycle.
2.1
General Safety Precautions
Important Operating Information
Several operating considerations are listed below:
 Always turn the key switch and motor stop switch to the
OFF position when not actively riding. It is very easy to
forget that the motorcycle is powered up because it is
silent. An accident can occur if the motorcycle is left
powered up while getting on or off the motorcycle.
 Turn the motor stop switch OFF when backing up or
pushing the motorcycle while dismounted.
 Use the rear brake when you are stopped on an incline.
Do not hold the motorcycle using partial throttle or
damage to the motor may occur.
 The power pack should be plugged in when storing the
motorcycle for extended periods of time.
 Keep your Zero connected to the charger when your
motorcycle is sitting in storage or if it will be sitting
unused for more than 30 days.
The power pack must be charged within 24 hours if fully
discharged, and must be charged within 90 days if
stored fully charged. Zero recommends you plug in
your power pack after 30 days even if it is fully charged.
Please leave your power pack plugged in whenever
possible.
WARNING! Charge the Zero power pack with the Zero
charger.
2.2
 The power pack does not require, or tolerate, deep
discharging. To get the most power pack life, recharge
each power pack immediately after each ride. Leaving
a power pack in a discharged state will cause damage.
 Failure to follow power pack storage and charging
instructions as described in this Zero Motorcycles
Owner’s Manual may void the warranty of your Zero
Motorcycle. These guidelines have been rigorously
tested to ensure maximum power pack efficiency and
service.
Location of Important Labels
Location of Important Labels
Location of Important Labels
The vehicle could contain the following (example) information for both North American and European models:
A. VIN label (European Union) - certification label
B. VIN label (North America) - certification label shown
C. VECI (Vehicle Emission Control Information) label
2.3
Location of Important Labels
Anti-Tamper Control Label (Europe only)
The Anti-Tamper control label (shown below) is located on the left-side of the frame.
2.4
Location of Important Labels
High Voltage Warning Labels
Located near the battery
Located on frame if only one battery is installed
2.5
Notes
2.6
Controls and Components
Controls and Components
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK
3.1
Controls and Components
Motorcycle Controls
3.2
Controls and Components
A. Mirrors
This motorcycle is equipped with convex mirrors. A
convex mirror has a curved surface. Convex mirrors
offer a greater field of view than a similar flat mirror.
However, the greater field of view makes objects
seem further away than they really are. Care must be
used when judging the distance of objects seen in
these mirrors.
B. Key Switch/Steering Lock
For description and operation see page 4-4.
C. Dash Overview
For description and operation see page 3-6.
D. Front Brake Fluid Reservoir
For description and operation see page 5-9.
E. Right Handlebar Control
For description and operation see page 3-14.
F. Front Brake Lever
For description and operation see page 3-14.
G. Throttle Control
For description and operation see page 3-14.
H. Motor Stop Switch
For description and operation see page 3-14.
I. Left Handlebar Control
For description and operation see page 3-14.
3.3
Controls and Components
Side View
3.4
Controls and Components
A. Drive Belt
For description and operation, see “Drive Belt”, on
page 5-13.
B. Drive Belt Tension Adjuster
For the drive belt adjustment procedure, see
page 5-14.
C. Power Pack Rail Knob
For description and operation, see page 5-8.
D. Power Pack
For a description, see “Power Pack”, on page 5-8.
E. Power Pack Rail
For a description, see “Power Pack Swapping”, on
page 4-7.
F. Fuse Center
For a description, see “Fuses”, on page 5-24.
G. Power Pack Charge
For a description, see “Power Pack Charger”, on
page 4-8.
H. Rear Brake Pedal
The rear brake pedal controls the rear brake when the
pedal is pressed. When braking, the throttle should be
in the closed position.
I. Rear Brake Fluid Reservoir
For a description, see “Brake Fluid Level Inspection”,
on page 5-9.
3.5
Controls and Components
Dash Overview
3.6
Controls and Components
A. Adjust Button (ADJ)
See “Dash Settings”, on page 3-10.
B. Select Button (SEL)
See “Dash Settings”, on page 3-10.
C. Charge Indicator
This indicator and readout displays the amount of
energy remaining in the power pack, similar to the fuel
gauge on a gasoline powered vehicle.
D. Remaining Charge Time Indicator
This area displays the amount of time left for the
power pack to reach full charge.
E. Clock
The clock displays time in standard (AM/PM) or 24
hour mode.See “Setting the Clock”, on page 3-11
F. Speedometer
The speedometer is a digital display in either
kilometers per hour (km/h) or miles per hour (mph).
See “Unit Display - Speed”, on page 3-12
G. Odometer
The odometer displays the total distance the
motorcycle has been ridden in kilometers or miles.
H. Performance Modes
This area displays which performance riding mode
(ECO, SPORT, and CUSTOM) has been selected by
I.
J.
K.
L.
the rider using the performance level mode button
located on the right handlebar control assembly. See
“Performance Level Mode Button”, on page 3-17
Output Meter
The OUTPUT meter indicates the amount of Torque
applied to the rear wheel and the Power (energy)
being used while riding.
Regen Meter
The regenerative (REGEN) meter indicates the
amount of Torque on the rear wheel and the Power
(energy) feeding back into the battery of the
motorcycle during the regenerative braking process.
Displays A&B
Displays A&B can be customized to display functions
which include Trip odometers, Range, Errors, RPM,
Trip Average, Lifetime Average, and Temperature. All
are accessible by using the ADJ and SEL buttons.
See “Dash Settings”, on page 3-10.
Bluetooth® Indicator
This indicator displays when an active Bluetooth®
equipped phone is paired to the motorcycle. See
“Bluetooth® Pairing”, on page 3-13
3.7
Controls and Components
Warning Indicator Lights
3.8
Controls and Components
A. Left Indicator Turn Signal
An arrow on the lower dash flashes green
in the same direction as selected by the
turn signal switch. This arrow remains on
until the turn signal request has been canceled.
B. System Warning Indicator
If a fault has been detected, count the
number of times the red LED flashes. See
the table on “System Warning Indicator”,
on page 6-2
C. Temperature Lamp
This flashes in the event that you exceed
the motorcycle’s performance capabilities.
The temperature warning lamp indicates
the temperature of the motor, controller temperature,
or the battery over/under temperature. See
“Temperature Indicator”, on page 4-14 for more
information.
D. Armed Indicator
Indicates the motorcycle is live or ready to
move if the throttle is actuated. For
troubleshooting, see “Troubleshooting
Your Motorcycle”, on page 6-1.
E. Charging Indicator
Flashes slowly when the motorcycle is
accepting a charge. The indicator flashes
rapidly when a charging error is detected.
The indicator is solid green when the battery is
completely charged.
F. High Beam Indicator
When the headlight high beam is on, this
indicator illuminates blue, and remains on
until the high beam is turned off.
G. Right Turn Signal Indicator
An arrow on the lower dash flashes green
in the same direction as selected by the
turn signal switch. This remains on until
the turn signal request has been canceled.
3.9
Controls and Components
Dash Settings
Displays A&B
The displays on the dash can be customized to your
personal preferences by using the ADJ (Adjust) and SEL
(Select) buttons.
Display A
A. Adjust Button (ADJ)
By momentarily pressing or holding the ADJ button
you can reset fields and toggle through the trip menus
and display options.
B. Select Button (SEL)
By momentarily pressing or holding the SEL button
you can reset or select fields in Display A and Display
B, change the time, and change the display units.
Note: Once a feature is selected, it will stop flashing after
15 seconds if no further button press is detected, and the
dash will return to its normal operating mode.
3.10
To select Display A with the dash in its normal operating
mode, momentarily press the SEL button once. Press the
ADJ button to toggle through the following fields:
 Trip 1 Odometer - Displays individual trip mileage and
is reset by pressing and holding the ADJ button for 2
seconds.
Note: Trip 1 is reset each time the battery is recharged
to 100%.
 Range - Displays remaining battery power based on
learned riding style and usage.
 Errors - Displays 4-digit error codes for dealer use.
 RPM - Displays motor RPM.
Controls and Components
Display B
Setting the Clock
To select Display B with the dash in its normal operating
mode, momentarily press the SEL button twice. Press the
ADJ button to toggle through the following fields:
 Trip 2 Odometer - Displays individual trip mileage and
is reset by pressing and holding the ADJ button for 2
seconds.
 Trip AV - Displays the average energy usage during
duration of Trip 1 in watt hours (Wh), per mile (mi), or
kilometer (km), depending on the currently selected
display unit.
Note: The Trip AV is reset each time the battery is
recharged to 100%
 Temp - Displays the temperature of the motor, battery,
and controller in Fahrenheit (F) or Celsius (C).
Note: The temperature may not read accurately during
the first 5 miles of a ride while the application is
calibrating itself.
 Life AV - Displays the average energy usage over the
life of the motorcycle in watt hours (Wh), per mile (mi),
or kilometer (km), depending on the currently selected
display unit.
To set the clock with the dash in its normal operating
mode, press and hold the SEL button for 5 seconds, then
momentarily press the SEL button once more. The clock
display will start to flash.
 Hours - Press and release the ADJ button to increase
the hour setting.
 Minutes - Press and release the SEL button once to
select the minute display, then press and release the
ADJ button to increase the minute setting.
 Standard or 24 Hour Mode - Press and release the SEL
button to select the time format, then press the ADJ
button to select P (am/pm mode) or 24:00 (24 hour
mode).
3.11
Controls and Components
Unit Display - Speed
Unit Display - Temperature
To change the units that speed is shown in:
To change the units that the temperature display is shown:
1. With the dash in its normal operating mode press and
hold the SEL button for 5 seconds.
2. Momentarily press the ADJ button to select English
(MPH) or metric (km/h).
3. Momentarily press the SEL button to return to normal
operating mode.
1. With the dash in its normal operating mode press and
hold the SEL button for 5 seconds.
2. Momentarily press the SEL button 4 times, the Temp
icon on the lower dash will start to flash.
3. Press the ADJ button to toggle between F or C on the
display.
4. Momentarily press the SEL button to return to normal
operating mode.
3.12
Controls and Components
Smartphone Application
Bluetooth® Pairing
You can download a smartphone application that lets you
perform the following tasks related to your motorcycle:
The following steps must be taken to properly pair a
Bluetooth®-equipped smartphone with your motorcycle.
 Adjust the CUSTOM mode for performance gains
 Collect and email logs to Zero support staff
 Examine the precise State of Charge (SOC) of your
motorcycle
 Examine real time power usage
The Smartphone application is available for free at both
the Apple iTunes store and Google Play store. iTunes® is
a registered trademark of Apple. Google Play® store is a
registered trademark of Google.
1. Ensure that the motorcycle is not Armed. The
motorcycle must be keyed ON, the kickstand must be in
the down position, and the run switch must be in the
Stop position.
2. Press and hold the Mode button on the right handlebar
for a minimum of 5 seconds until the Bluetooth®
symbol on the dash begins to blink, then you may
release the Mode button.
3. Your motorcycle will be discoverable with the
Bluetooth® ID of ZeroMotorcyclesXXXXX (XXXXX
refers to the last 5 digits of the motorcycle’s VIN).
 For iOS devices, go to the Settings application on
your smartphone and locate the Bluetooth® menu
and pair with your motorcycle
 For Android devices, go to the Settings tab in your
Zero Android application and choose the button with
the Bluetooth® symbol
Note: When the Bluetooth® indicator on the dash
display is solid, your motorcycle and smart phone are
paired over Bluetooth®.
3.13
Controls and Components
Handlebar Controls
3.14
Controls and Components
A. Flash-to-Pass
When the headlight is in the low beam position, push
the flash-to-pass switch and the high beam illuminates
and stays illuminated until the switch is released.
When released, this switch defaults back to the low
beam position. The high beam indicator also
illuminates.
B. Headlight High/Low Beam Switch
When the switch is pushed, the headlight
changes from low beam to high beam. It
stays in the selected position until it is
switched back. When in high beam position, the high
beam indicator on the lower dash illuminates.
C. Front Brake Lever
The front brake lever controls the front brake when the
lever is squeezed. When braking, the throttle should
be in the closed position. The brake light also
illuminates.
D. Throttle Control
Twist the throttle in a counter-clockwise rotation (A) to
energize the motor and start the motorcycle in a
forward direction. Release the throttle and it snaps
back to the closed position (B), de-energizing the
motor, and regenerative braking begins.
When the motorcycle is moving and the throttle
control is in the fully closed position, the regenerative
braking feature activates. Regenerative braking takes
some of the energy from the moving motorcycle and
turns it back into electrical energy. This energy is then
stored back into the power pack, contributing to
increased energy efficiency. A slight drag is felt when
the regenerative braking is activated. If you want to
coast without the regenerative braking, hold the
throttle just off of the fully closed position.
3.15
Controls and Components
E. Motor Stop Switch
When the top of the switch (A) is pressed, it cuts off
power to the motor controller. The motor controller
remains in this state until the bottom portion of the
switch (B) is pressed. The switch does not turn off all
electrical circuits, just the operation of the motor.
F. Performance Level Mode Button
The performance level button (A) toggles between
ECO, SPORT, and CUSTOM modes.(refer to
“Performance Level Mode Button”, on page 3-17)
G. Turn Signal Switch
When the turn signal switch is pushed in
the left or right position, the corresponding
front and rear turn signals flash. When the
turn signal switch is ON, the corresponding turn signal
indicator on the lower dash illuminates.
3.16
Always signal your turns and other maneuvers as
required by law. Unlike an automobile, the turn signals
must always be canceled manually on the motorcycle.
Push in on the switch and it returns to the center, or,
OFF position.
H. Horn Button
When the key is in the ON position, the horn (A)
sounds when the button is pressed. Electric vehicles
run quietly; the horn can be used to warn pedestrians
or other motorists of your presence.
Controls and Components
Performance Level Mode Button
The SPORT selection causes the motorcycle to accelerate
at a significantly faster rate. This position is recommended
for advanced riders.
The CUSTOM selection has customizable performance
settings by using the smartphone application (refer to
“Smartphone Application”, on page 3-13).
Those who take advantage of the ECO position are likely
to see a slight increase in range and experience greater
regenerative braking.
The performance level mode button (A) toggles between
ECO, SPORT, and CUSTOM modes. You can switch
between performance modes while riding but the change
will not be executed until the throttle is returned to the
closed position.
The ECO selection reduces the acceleration and top
speed of the motorcycle. It is an ideal mode for when you
want softer acceleration. This position is also good for
newer riders and for extending range.
3.17
Notes
3.18
Starting and Operating
First Time Set-Up
Starting and Operating
If your motorcycle was direct-shipped you will need to
perform the following:
8. Insert the key in the key switch and turn the key to the
ON position. The gauge will perform a self test sweep.
The charge indicator should read fully charged.
1. Remove the motorcycle from its shipping crate. See
Unpacking Your Zero motorcycle on page 4-2.
2. You must charge the power pack before riding the
motorcycle. Your Zero motorcycle is shipped fully
charged from the factory. If necessary, see “Charging
the Power Pack”, on page 4-10.
3. Identify and inspect wheels for spoke tension and/or
damage.
4. Check the tire pressure and adjust to proper
specifications. See “Tire Inflation”, on page 5-12.
5. Inspect the hydraulic brake system. Follow the
hydraulic line from the reservoirs to the calipers and
verify that there are no leaks or damage to the brake
lines. Verify that the brakes function properly.
6. Make sure the motorcycle key switch is OFF, then twist
the throttle to make sure its rotation is smooth, and it
returns correctly.
7. Inspect bolts and make sure they are tight. See Bolt
Torque Table on page 5-5. Double check the fork,
wheel, and brake bolts.
4.1
Starting and Operating
Unpacking Your Zero Motorcycle
Although unpacking your Zero Motorcycle can be done by
a single person, it is recommended to have a second
person to help lift and remove your motorcycle from the
crate base.
Outer Box Cover
 Cut and remove the two outer box retention straps.
 Unscrew stabilizer bar bolts, one on each side of outer
box.
 Open box top and remove inner cardboard end
reinforcement sleeves.
 Unscrew stabilizer bar from handlebar end and remove.
 Unscrew lower crate cover retaining screws and
washers.
 Lift or cut outer box away from motorcycle.
Inner Assembly
 Carefully remove plastic cover from motorcycle.
 Locate small parts box below motorcycle and put to the
side. (This box contains important documentation,
owner’s manual, keys, etc.).
 Remove the power pack rail.
 Remove the power pack.
4.2
 Carefully lift rear portion of the motorcycle over the
swingarm standoff and off crate base.
 Carefully lift front wheel out of crate base.
 Deploy kickstand, lean motorcycle and inspect in
accordance with delivery inspection sheet.
Recycling
Your Zero Motorcycles shipping crate and packaging
materials were designed to be completely recycled. Please
cut down and recycle all cardboard, plastic, and wood
materials in appropriate receptacles.
The tie down straps that accompanied your motorcycle
can be reused as regular tie down straps.
General Operation
General Operation
General Operation
This section describes several items you should examine
before operation.
Pre-Ride Inspection
Before operating the Zero Motorcycle, check the following
to make sure the motorcycle is secure and intact:
 Power Pack. Make sure the dash panel charge
indicator is indicating a charged power pack. We
suggest you recharge before use. Always keep the
charger cord with the motorcycle.
 Drive Belt (all models). Check the belt tension and
condition. Adjust if necessary. The drive belt must be
cleaned at the intervals specified in the maintenance
schedule; otherwise it will quickly wear out, especially
when riding in dusty or wet areas. See “Drive Belt”, on
page 5-13.
 Drive Chain (optional). Check the tension and
condition. Adjust and lubricate if necessary. The drive
chain must be cleaned and lubricated at the intervals
specified in the maintenance schedule; otherwise it will
quickly wear out, especially when riding in dusty or wet
areas. See “Drive Chain (Optional)”, on page 5-15.
 Brakes. Squeeze the brake lever and press the brake
pedal individually while pushing the motorcycle to see if
it rolls. You should be able to lock-up the wheels
completely by applying the brakes.
 Throttle. With the key switch in the OFF position, apply
the throttle and release to verify that the throttle is
smooth and returns correctly.
 Tires. Check both tires for condition and tread depth.
Check cold tire pressure frequently. Check for damage
and alignment. Maintain correct tire pressure as
specified on page 5-12. Replace the tires when the
tread height is 0.08 inches (2 mm) or less.
CAUTION: Under-inflation is a common cause of tire
failure and may result in severe tire cracking, tread
separation, “blowout,” or unexpected loss of motorcycle
control causing serious injury or death. Inspect tires
regularly to ensure proper inflation levels.
 Electrical System. Check for correct function of the
headlight, turn signals, and the brake/tail lights.
 Protective Covers. Confirm protective covers for
power pack diagnostic connector, Quick Charge
connector, and onboard charging connector are
installed correctly.
4.3
General Operation
Key Switch/Steering Lock Positions
Steering Lock
Using the steering lock when parked will prevent
unauthorized use and help prevent theft.
To operate the steering lock:
1. Turn the handlebar all the way to the left.
2. Push the key down from the OFF position and turn the
key counter-clockwise while still pushing it in.
This is a three-position switch that is located on the fork in
front of the handlebar. The switch positions are as follows:
A. Steering Lock
B. OFF
C. ON
The key should be removed from the motorcycle when
parked to prevent theft. The key can be removed in either
the OFF or steering lock position.
4.4
3. Remove the key.
To unlock the steering lock:
1. Install the key and turn clockwise.
2. Remove the key.
General Operation
OFF Position
This position is used to turn the motorcycle OFF, disabling
the electrical system.
Power Pack
ON Position
This position is used for operating the motorcycle. In this
position the following will occur:
The 2014 Zero FX leverages the 2013’s new battery cell
chemistry, configuration, and enhanced reliability. Not only
does the Z-Force® technology enable you to go longer
distances (range may vary depending on riding type and
conditions), it is also designed to last the life of the
motorcycle. The integrated onboard charger minimizes
charge time and can work in parallel with Zero’s quick
charge accessories to cut charge times by as much as
70%.
 Lights turn ON
 Dash Panel display turns ON
The battery is located within the power pack and requires
no special break in period.
The battery requires no special break-in period. The
charging time is the same if connected to 110 V AC or
220 V AC.
The charger output will be the same. The normal
recharging time of the power pack to 100% is usually less
than 3 hours in mild ambient temperatures. Out of the
normal temperature range charging and run-time times will
vary. The power pack should not be used outside of the
range of 23°F to 140°F (-5°C to 60°C); the Battery
Management System (BMS) turns off the power controller
outside of this range.
Note: The Battery will not charge if below 0°C or 32°F.
4.5
General Operation
It is required that you leave the motorcycle on the charger
if you expect it to sit in storage or unused for over 30 days.
The power pack must be charged within 24 hours if fully
discharged, and charged within 90 days if stored fully
charged. Zero recommends you plug in your Zero
motorcycle after 90 days, even if fully charged. Please
leave your Zero motorcycle plugged in whenever possible.
The power pack should maintain up to 80% of its capacity
for approximately:
 ZF2.8: 85,000 miles (137,000 km)
 ZF5.7: 170,000 miles (274,000 km)
WARNING! Opening of the power pack is for trained Zero
Motorcycles technicians. Please be aware that incorrect
handling of a Zero power pack can be dangerous. DO
NOT OPEN!
4.6
Battery Management System (BMS)
Every power pack contains a Battery Management System
(BMS) which monitors the condition of the cells, and
optimizes the charging process to provide the highestperformance, longest-range, and longest life for the power
pack.
The BMS safeguards the power pack by means of safety
interlocks. These interlocks turn off or control certain
operations that could damage the power pack. See “Safety
Interlocks”, on page 6-14 for more information.
The BMS also monitors the power pack for a host of
predefined conditions, and then takes actions according to
those conditions. See “Battery Management System”, on
page 6-6 and “Cold and Hot Weather Considerations”, on
page 6-12 for further information.
Remember, the BMS is sealed inside the power pack. As a
rider, you do not need to think much about the BMS - it just
silently does its job as you charge, ride, and store your
motorcycle.
General Operation
Power Pack Swapping
The motorcycles feature a quick change power pack. This
allows the rider to charge one power pack while using
another. Do not operate the motorcycle without the power
rail or rail fastener in place. To change the power pack,
perform the following:
To remove the power pack:
4. Using a firm grip, slide the power pack out of the frame.
DO NOT lift the power pack by the plastic connector
housing.
NOTE: The power pack weighs 53lbs (24 kg).
To Install the power pack:
1. Slide the power pack into the frame.
1. Remove the key from the key switch and safely support
the motorcycle.
2. Grasp the bottom of the key lock (arrow) and pull
upward to unlock the power pack rail.
2. Re-attach the power pack rail.
3. Push the key lock downward to secure the rail.
4. (Optional) Use the key to lock the rail.
3. Pull the power pack rail (A) away from the motorcycle.
4.7
General Operation
Add On Electrical Equipment
WARNING! Do not add electrical components to your
motorcycle unless approved by an approved Zero
Motorcycles dealer. Some add-on electrical components
can damage your motorcycle, prevent other components
from working as they should, and/or dramatically reduce
the range and/or life expectancy of the power pack.
Power Pack Charger
Keep your power pack connected to the charger when
your motorcycle is sitting in storage or if it will be sitting
unused for more than 30 days. The power pack must be
charged within 24 hours if fully discharged, and charged
within 90 days if stored fully charged. Zero recommends
you plug in your Zero Motorcycle after 30 days, even if fully
charged. Please leave your Zero Motorcycle plugged in
whenever possible.
WARNING! Only charge the Zero power pack with the
Zero charger. The charger is located under the power
pack.
4.8
When charging the motorcycle’s power pack, the charger
can be left ON, even after the power pack is fully charged.
There are two possible cases that can occur:
 When connected to the charger, the power pack will
receive a full charge. Once fully charged, the charger
will check the status of the power pack once every 72
hours to ensure that it maintains a full charge. When
fully charged, a green light will illuminate on the
charger. Should the charger not read that the power
pack is full, it will continue to attempt to fully charge the
power pack. In this event the green light may not
illuminate; however, the power pack may be fully
charged. To ensure that the power pack is charged,
check the charge indicator on the dash panel prior to
riding.
 If the power pack terminates the charge before the
charger reaches the state previously mentioned, then
the charger will continue to cycle and will top off the
power pack until the power pack is removed from the
charger, or the charger reaches the complete state
previously noted.
General Operation
The on-board charger indicator (A) is visible on the dash
panel. The charging indicator icon flashes while charging
and is continuously lit when fully charged. For examples
and information on Quick Charging LEDs see page 4-13.
Charging Indicator Icon
4.9
General Operation
Charging the Power Pack
WARNING! Charge the Zero power pack with the Zero
charger.
It is possible for lithium ion cells to overheat and fail.
Note: Charge the Zero Power pack in a location that is
well-ventilated and away from combustible materials. If
charging your Zero Motorcycle outdoors, avoid charging in
the rain.
To charge using the standard charger:
1. Ensure that the key switch is in the OFF position.
2. Plug the supplied power cord into the onboard charger
connector (see inset). Always keep the power cord with
the motorcycle.
The maximum power pack internal charging temperature is
131°F (55°C). If the power pack’s internal temperature is
over 131°F (55°C), it will not accept a charge until it is
moved to a cooler location. Also, if the power pack has just
been run hard, it may internally be above 131°F (55°C)
even if the ambient temperature is lower.
If you experience a power pack that will not take a charge,
you should ensure the internal temperature is below 131°F
(55°C). If the power pack was recently run and it will not
take a charge, the power pack should cool and begin
taking a charge in around 30 minutes or less.
The maximum charging temperature cutoff is a power pack
longevity feature. Charging at higher temperatures can
shorten the life of the power pack.
Note: Frequent top off charging is good for the power
pack’s life span, so do not hesitate to charge frequently.
4.10
3. Always connect the charger to a GROUNDED outlet.
When using an extension cord, avoid excessive voltage
drops by using a grounded, 3-wire, 12-AWG cord no
longer than 25 ft (7.6 m). The charger can be used on
120 V AC or 240 V AC current. The voltage does not
change the amount of time that the motorcycle takes to
charge.
General Operation
Note: AVOID connecting the Zero charger and another
device to a single 120 V AC 15A/20A circuit, as it may
become overloaded. Zero chargers draw as much as
12 amps from the 120 V AC circuit when charging.
4. Charging a fully discharged power pack to 100% takes
about:
 ZF2.8: 4.1 Hours
 ZF5.7: 7.8 Hours
Quick Charging (Off-board Accessory Charger)
The “scalable” quick charging feature allows up to three
supplemental accessory chargers (in addition to the
existing integrated charger) to be connected to the
motorcycle. Use of supplemental accessory chargers can
reduce the charging time by up to 70%.
Note: The time for charging the motorcycle using quick
charging will vary with the number of chargers used.
The auxiliary/standalone charging connector is located on
the right-side of the motorcycle below the battery pack. For
more information on how to connect additional chargers,
refer to the quick charger’s owner’s manual.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
AC Power Cord
AC Power Cord Connection
Power Pack Charger
Charger LED Indicators
Connector (to motorcycle)
4.11
General Operation
To charge using the Quick Charger:
1. Ensure that the key switch is in the OFF position.
2. Locate the auxiliary charging connector and remove the
protective cover.
3. Connect the power pack charger to the power pack
connector (A).
4. Always connect the charger to a GROUNDED outlet.
When using an extension cord, avoid excessive voltage
drops by using a grounded, 3-wire, 12-AWG cord no
longer than 25 ft (7.6 m). The charger can be used on
4.12
120 V AC or 240 V AC current. The voltage does not
change the amount of time that the motorcycle takes to
charge.
5. Connect the integrated charger. See Charging the
Power Pack Single Charger (integrated) on “Charging
the Power Pack”, on page 4-10.
6. When the power pack is fully charged, disconnect the
chargers and reinstall the protective cover.
General Operation
Quick Charger LED Indicators
A. Ammeter
The Ammeter LED is an amber indicator that indicates
the amount of current output and should gradually
ramp down from “IIIIII” to “I”.
B. 80% Charge
The 80% Charge LED is an amber indicator. If it is on
solid, the bulk charge phase is complete, 80%
charged. Charger is now in absorption phase. If the
indicator is flashing, there are two issues that can
cause this to occur:
 The charger and BMS are balancing.
 The BMS is cutting off the charge because one or
more cells have reached maximum voltage.
C. 100% Charge
The 100% Charge LED is a green indicator. If it is on
solid, the charging is complete and the off-board
accessory charger will enter maintenance mode. If it is
flashing, the absorption phase is complete and the
charger is in finish phase.
D. AC ON
The AC ON LED is an amber indicator. If it is on solid,
the AC power is good. If it is flashing, the AC voltage
is low. Check for proper voltage, and if an extension
cord is being used, verify that it is the correct length.
Maximum length is 25 ft. (7.6 m) 12 AWG.
E. Fault
The Fault LED is a red indicator which indicates there
is a charger error. If it is flashing, reset the charger
and see “Troubleshooting”, on page 6-1.
4.13
General Operation
Operating Your Motorcycle
This section describes how to safely operate your
motorcycle.
Starting
1. Turn the key switch to the ON position.
2. Verify that the charge indicator reads fully charged.
3. Press the motor stop switch to the ON position.
4. With the kickstand up, twist the throttle toward you
(counter-clockwise) to increase speed. When the
throttle is twisted away from you (clockwise), the speed
will decrease.
Braking
On the right handlebar is the hand operated brake lever.
The brake lever controls the front brake when the lever is
squeezed. On the right lower side, next to the foot peg, is
the foot operated brake pedal. This pedal controls the rear
brake. When braking, the throttle should be in the closed
position.
CAUTION: If you apply the front or rear brake hard
enough, it is possible to lock the wheels. This could cause
you to lose control of the motorcycle and could lead to
serious injury or death. Progressive use of the brakes
should bring the Zero motorcycle to a complete stop
without locking the wheels. Your Zero motorcycle is a light4.14
weight performance product and therefore practice is
strongly recommended to perfect safe emergency stops.
Stopping
1. With the throttle in the closed position press the motor
stop switch to the OFF position. This switch can also be
used in an emergency to shut the motor off.
2. Turn the key switch to the OFF position and remove the
key. To prevent theft, the key should be removed
anytime the motorcycle is left unattended.
3. Be sure to charge the power pack after each ride. See
“Charging the Power Pack”, on page 4-10.
Temperature Indicator
Zero Motorcycles has developed the most advanced
passively air-cooled electric powertrain for your Zero
motorcycle, delivering an unsurpassed level of simplicity,
power/energy density, low weight and ease of
maintenance. However, this passively air-cooled
powertrain cannot be operated indefinitely at high power /
high rpm without reaching its thermal limitations. Hence,
your Zero motorcycle has a sophisticated thermal
management strategy to ensure the long term
performance and durability of its powertrain.
General Operation
a different sustained high power event, such as
continued powering through a low traction surface,
power will simply be reduced to ensure the continued
safe operation of your powertrain.
The red temperature indicator light (A) on your Zero
motorcycle’s lower dash has two informational stages.
 Stage 1, is presented by flashing this indicator and
advises you that the bike is about to enter its thermal
strategy. To avoid encountering an enforced power
reduction, you can choose to slow down a bit until the
indicator stops flashing.
 Stage 2, if temperature continues to build, the indicator
light will go solid, letting you know that the thermal
strategy is now being applied and that your
motorcycle’s power will be reduced accordingly. If you
encounter the strategy while trying to maintain a high
vehicle speed, the effect of the strategy will be that your
motorcycle will be gradually slowed down to the point
that the top speed of the bike is “sustainable,” from a
thermal standpoint. If you encounter the strategy due to
Please note that the lighting of this temperature indicator
does not indicate that there’s anything malfunctioning with
your Zero motorcycle; it is simply letting you know that the
thermal strategy is working. If you do not moderate your
speed/power, the bike’s system will reduce your
speed/power until your Zero can maintain its maximum
allowable thermal state; but no harm whatsoever will result
from this, since this is exactly how the strategy is meant to
function.
4.15
General Operation
Front Suspension Adjustment
A shock has two main actions: compression when the
shock gets loaded, and rebound when the shock returns
back to full length. Compression damping is the
adjustment that determines how fast or slow the fork
compresses. Rebound damping is the adjustment that
determines how fast or slow the fork rebounds.
Bleed Screw
The 3 mm Allen M5 screw (A) at the top of the fork leg is
the “bleed” screw. The bleed screw serves two purposes:
1. Transporting your motorcycle. See “Transporting”, on
page 1-13.
2. Bleeding the fork: Bleed the fork regularly, let any
excess air out after each ride.
4.16
Rebound Damping
The rebound damping is adjusted by turning the slotted
adjuster screw (B) on the top of both fork legs. Next to it
will be the writing S-F, meaning Slow and Fast. The
adjuster has several stages of adjustment. This
determines how quickly the fork returns to its extended
position after being compressed.
 Turning the rebound adjuster screw clockwise will slow
the rebound speed down making it better for larger,
rolling terrain or bumps.
 Turning the rebound adjuster screw counter-clockwise
will increase the rebound speed making it better for
smaller, rougher bumps. Adjust each fork leg evenly.
General Operation
Compression Damping
The compression damping is adjusted by turning a screw
on the bottom of each fork leg. There is a rubber dust
cover protecting the jam nut (A) securing the screw (B).
will pack-up (feel harsh over consecutive bumps) while
compression that is set too fast will cause the fork to
bottom out harshly.
If the fork is bottoming out, turn the adjuster one click at a
time until the bottom-out stops. Adjust each fork leg evenly.
Replace the rubber dust cover after the adjustment.
Factory Supplied Front Suspension Settings
The following information will allow you to adjust the front
suspension back to the factory settings the motorcycle was
originally supplied with.
ADJUSTMENT
SETTING
Front Fork Compression
10 clicks out from fully closed
Front Fork Rebound
14 clicks out from fully closed
The adjuster has 12 stages of adjustment. Turn the
adjuster clockwise for slower compression. To speed up
compression, turn the adjuster counter-clockwise. Start
with a middle setting and fine tune the compression from
there.
Proper compression will allow the tire to track the ground
over consecutive bumps. Compression that is set too slow
4.17
General Operation
Rear Shock Adjustment
Spring Adjustment
Obtaining the correct rear spring preload is critical for
proper handling. The spring preload must be set to match
the weight of the rider. The spring is preloaded for an 180
lb (82 kg) rider. This puts the rear tire 1/3 of the way
through its vertical travel. Heavier riders require stiffer
spring rates. A good approximation of your rear spring
requirements can be found by measuring the rear
suspension’s sag. This measurement will quickly
determine if your rear spring is approximately correct for
your weight. This adjustment is a recommended guideline;
personal riding preference may vary from the
specifications given.
To Check the Sag Value:
1. Support your motorcycle on a stand with the rear wheel
off the ground.
2. Measure vertically from the rear axle to the rear fender.
Mark this spot as it will be used for other
measurements.
3. Record this measurement, this will be measurement
M1.
4.18
4. Remove the motorcycle from the stand.
5. Wearing your normal riding apparel, sit on the
motorcycle.
6. Have an assistant hold the motorcycle up, your feet
should be on both pegs.
7. Bounce the suspension a couple of times.
8. Have a second assistant take a measurement using the
same locations as in step 2.
General Operation
9. Record this measurement, this will be measurement
M2.
Example:
MEASUREMENT
OPERATOR
M1
VALUE
23.62 in (600 mm)
M2
-
21.65 in (550 mm)
Sag
=
1.97 in (50 mm)
The total sag (in example above) is 1.97 in (50 mm). The
recommended total sag is 2.3 in to 2.9 in (69-76 mm). If
the sag is not correct, the spring pre-load should be
adjusted. See “Spring Pre-load Adjustment”, on page 4-20.
10.Subtract the second measurement (M2) from the first
measurement (M1).
4.19
General Operation
Spring Pre-load Adjustment
1. Clean any dirt or debris from the threads of the shock
near the lock ring (A).
2. Using a lock ring wrench loosen the lock nut (A).
3. For measurements less than the specified value,
decrease the pre-load on the spring by turning the
spring nut (B) counter-clockwise on the shock. If more
than the specified value, increase the pre-load on the
spring by turning the spring nut (B) clockwise on the
shock.
4.20
General Operation
Rebound Adjustment
The rebound adjuster knob (A) is at the bottom of the
shock. There are 12 clicks of rebound adjustment. The
adjustment knob is located at the base of the shock.
Printed on the knob is S-F, meaning Slow and Fast. The
rebound adjuster knob controls how slow or fast the shock
returns to its extended position after being compressed.
 Turning the knob clockwise, or S direction, is good for
big impacts.
 Turning the knob counter-clockwise, or F direction, is
good for smaller and more frequent impacts.
Rebound adjustment knob
4.21
General Operation
Compression Adjustment
The compression adjustment knob is at the top of the
shock. There are 16 clicks of compression adjustment.
The knob has “+” (slower compression) and “-” (faster
compression).
 Turn the adjuster clockwise for slower compression.
 To speed up compression, turn the adjuster counterclockwise.
Start with the stock clicker settings and fine tune the
compression from there. Proper compression will allow the
tire to track the ground over consecutive bumps.
Compression that is set too slow will pack-up (feel harsh
over consecutive bumps) while compression that is set too
fast will cause the shock to bottom out harshly. If the shock
is bottoming out, turn the adjuster one click at a time until
the bottom out stops.
Note: Adjusters should never be forced completely “Fast”
or “Slow”; always leave one click of adjustment in either
direction.
4.22
General Operation
Factory Supplied Rear Suspension Settings
The following information will allow you to adjust the rear
suspension back to the factory settings the motorcycle was
originally supplied with.
FX Model
ADJUSTMENT
SETTING
Rear Shock Compression
16 clicks out from fully closed
Rear Shock Rebound
12 clicks out from fully closed
Rear Shock Spring Preload
6 mm
4.23
Notes
4.24
Maintaining Your Motorcycle
Owner’s Responsibilities
Parts/Maintenance Items
Listed below are the responsibilities afforded to the owner:
The proper replacement parts, fluids, and lubricants to use
are listed in the table below.
Maintaining Your Motorcycle
Maintenance
 This owner’s manual should be considered a
permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain
with it even if the motorcycle is subsequently sold.
 Perform routine care and maintenance of your electric
motorcycle as detailed in this owner’s manual.
 Use only Zero approved parts and Zero Motorcycle
accessories.
 The operator is responsible for learning and obeying all
country, federal, state, and local laws governing the
operations of an electric motorcycle.
 Always wear a regionally approved helmet, goggles,
appropriate boots, and all other appropriate safety
equipment when operating an electric motorcycle.
PART
NUMBER
Headlight Bulb
H4 (55/60 watt)
Turn Signal Light Bulb (amber)
RY10W (10 watt)
Brake/Tail Lights Bulb
1157 (5 watt)
Front Running Light Bulb
W3W (3 watt)
Brake Fluid
DOT 4
5.1
Maintaining Your Motorcycle
Maintenance Schedule
The scheduled maintenance must be performed in accordance with this chart to keep your Zero motorcycle in top running
condition. The initial maintenance is vitally important and must not be neglected. Where time and mileage are listed, follow
the interval that occurs first.
#
1
2
ITEM
Brake Fluid
(front and
rear)
Front Brake
ROUTINE
Check brake fluid level. Add
brake fluid as necessary.
4K mi
(7K km)
or
6 months
8K mi
(13K km)
or
12 months
ODOMETER MILEAGE READING
12K mi
(19K km)
or
18 months
16K mi
(25K km)
or
24 months
20K mi
(31K km)
or
30 months





































Check operation, and for fluid
leakage. Replace brake pads if
necessary.
4
Wheels
Check run-out, and for damage.
Replace if necessary.
5
Tires
- Check tread depth, and for
damage. Replace if necessary. 
- Check air pressure. See page
5-9. Correct if necessary.
5.2
INITIAL
600 mi
(1K km)
or
1 month
Check operation, and for fluid
leakage. Replace brake pads if
necessary.
Rear Brake
Wheel
Bearings

INITIAL
Replace brake fluid (every 12
months).
3
6
EVERY
RIDE
Check bearings for smooth
operation. Replace if necessary.


Maintaining Your Motorcycle
#
7
ITEM
Drive Chain
ROUTINE
9
Drive Belt
- Check belt slack and condition.
- Replace a worn/damaged belt.
- Check for cracking and/or
replace the belt every 25K mi
(40K km)
Steering
Bearings
- Check all chassis fittings and
fasteners.
- Correct if necessary.
10
Chassis
Fasteners
- Check all chassis
11
Front Brake
Lever Pivot
Shaft
- Apply silicon grease lightly.
- Check operation and for oil
leakage.
- Service/rebuild if necessary.
Front Fork
- Check operation and for oil
leakage. 
- Service/rebuild if necessary.
12
13
Rear Shock
Absorber
Assembly
INITIAL
INITIAL
600 mi
(1K km)
or
1 month
4K mi
(7K km)
or
6 months
ODOMETER MILEAGE READING
8K mi
(13K km)
or
12 months
12K mi
(19K km)
or
18 months
16K mi
(25K km)
or
24 months
20K mi
(31K km)
or
30 months
- Check chain slack/alignment
and condition.
- Adjust and lubricate chain with
chain lubricant thoroughly.
- Replace worn chain.
8
EVERY
RIDE
- Check operation and for oil
leakage. Replace if necessary

Every 600 mi (1,000 km) and after washing the motorcycle or riding in the rain.





Repack
























5.3
Maintaining Your Motorcycle
#
ITEM
ROUTINE
14
Throttle Grip
- Check operation and free play.
15
Kickstand
Pivots
- Check operation. 
- Apply silicon grease lightly.
16
Kickstand
Switch
Check operation and replace if
necessary.
EVERY
RIDE
INITIAL
INITIAL
600 mi
(1K km)
or
1 month
4K mi
(7K km)
or
6 months
8K mi
(13K km)
or
12 months
12K mi
(19K km)
or
18 months
16K mi
(25K km)
or
24 months
20K mi
(31K km)
or
30 months

















ODOMETER MILEAGE READING
Note: From 24,000 mi (37,000 km) or 36 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 8,000 mi (13,000 km) or
12 months.
5.4
Maintaining Your Motorcycle
Component Fasteners
Periodically check and tighten the following fasteners on your motorcycle.
Torque Table
LOCATION
ITEM
TORQUE
NOTES
A
Front axle end bolts
19 lb ft (26 Nm)
Use LOCTITE® 242® (or equivalent)
B
Handlebar clamp mount bolts
18 lb ft (24 Nm)
-
C
Main pivot bolt/nut (swingarm)
75 lb ft (102 Nm)
Use LOCTITE® 242® (or equivalent)
D
Shock mount bolts (upper/lower)
52 lb ft (70.5 Nm) / 38 lb ft (51.5 Nm)
-
E
Rear caliper mount bolts
15 lb ft (20 Nm)
Use LOCTITE® 242® (or equivalent)
F
Motor mount bolts (rear)
20 lb ft (27 Nm)
-
G
Motor mount bolts (front)
20 lb ft (27 Nm)
-
H
Triple tree pinch bolts
17 lb ft (23 Nm)
-
I
Front axle pinch bolts
9.5 lb ft (13 Nm)
-
J
Rear axle end bolt
75 lb ft (102 Nm)
Use LOCTITE® 242® (or equivalent)
K
Rear axle pinch bolts
19 lb ft (26 Nm)
Use LOCTITE® 242® (or equivalent)
L
Front caliper mount bolts
19 lb ft (26 Nm)
Use LOCTITE® 242® (or equivalent)
5.5
Maintaining Your Motorcycle
Left Side Of Motorcycle
Refer to Torque table on page 5-5.
5.6
Maintaining Your Motorcycle
Right Side Of Motorcycle
Refer to Torque table on page 5-5.
5.7
Power Pack
Power Pack
Power Pack
WARNING! You must leave your motorcycle connected to
the charger if you expect it to be in storage or unused for
over 90 days.
The power pack must be charged within 24 hours if fully
discharged, and charged within 90 days if stored fully
charged.
Please leave your Zero Motorcycle plugged in whenever
possible.
1. The power pack is a lithium ion power system. While it
does require charging, it does not require maintenance.
2. The power pack should be kept away from excessive
heat. The lithium ion cells should not get above 160°F
(71°C). Do not store in a hot trailer or leave the power
pack in direct sunlight.
3. Only an authorized service agent is qualified to have
access to and troubleshoot the power pack.
4. Dispose of the power pack according to your state and
local laws. It is encouraged that the power pack be
recycled rather than disposed of in landfills.
Please contact Zero at support@zeromotorcycles.com
or locate a recycling center in your area.
5.8
General Maintenance
Brakes
General Maintenance
This section describes how to inspect the brake fluid level
for both the front and rear brakes. Your motorcycle uses
specific brake pads for stopping power. Both front and rear
pad examples are shown in the following sections.
Rear Brake Pads
An example of the rear brake pads is shown below.
Front Brake Pads
An example of the front brake pads is shown below.
Brake Fluid Level Inspection
WARNING! Do not spill brake fluid on painted surfaces;
the finish could be damaged. Spilling brake fluid on the
ABS body plastics will cause them to crack. Clean off any
brake fluid spills immediately.
Always place a shop towel under the master cylinder
reservoir prior to removing cover/cap.
Low fluid levels may indicate worn brake pads or a leak in
the hydraulic system. Inspect the brake pads for wear
and/or the hydraulic system for leaks. Use only new DOT 4
brake fluid from a sealed container.
5.9
General Maintenance
Front Brake
Rear Brake
Inspect the level of the front
brake fluid through the sight
glass (C). If the fluid level is
visibly below the low level
indicator (B), brake fluid must
be added. Clean any dirt or
debris from the cover (A)
before opening the reservoir.
Note: The motorcycle should
be in an upright position prior
to checking fluid level.
1. Remove the two Phillips screws securing the cover
onto the reservoir.
2. Add new DOT 4 brake fluid.
3. Inspect the cover seal, ensuring that it is free of any
wear or damage and that it is positioned correctly.
4. Install the cover and tighten the Phillips screws.
Inspect the level of the rear brake fluid by inspecting the
level through the reservoir housing. The reservoir housing
is located inboard on the frame behind the heel guard. If
the fluid level is visibly below the low minimum “MIN”
indicator (C), brake fluid must be added until level reaches
the upper “MAX” indicator (B). Do not overfill.
Note: The motorcycle should be in an upright position prior
to checking fluid level.
Clean any dirt or debris from the cap and reservoir opening
(A) before opening the reservoir. Unscrew the cap and add
new DOT 4 brake fluid. Inspect the cap seal ensuring that
it is free of any wear or damage then reinstall the cap.
5.10
General Maintenance
Brake Pad Inspection
The brake pads must be inspected when specified in the
maintenance schedule. See Maintenance Schedule
information on page 5-2. Visually inspect the brakes by
looking at the remaining brake pad material through the
sides of the brake caliper.
Replace the brake pads if
either pad’s thickness is
0.05 in (1.35 mm) or less. If
the brake pads (A) are
worn, replace both brake
pads immediately.
The brake rotor should
also be checked for
thickness. The minimum
thickness is 0.15 in (3.85
mm).
Suspension
Front
 For maintenance, see Maintenance Schedule on
page 5-2.
 To adjust the fork, see Suspension Adjustment on
page 4-16.
Rear
CAUTION: The shock absorber assembly contains highly
pressurized gas.
 Do not attempt to tamper with or open the cylinder or
shock.
 Do not subject the shock to high temperature or open
flame.
Doing either of these can cause the cylinder or shock
to explode causing personal injury or death.
For maintenance, see Maintenance Schedule on page 5-2.
To adjust the fork, see Suspension Adjustment on
page 4-16.
5.11
General Maintenance
Wheels and Tires
Tire Inflation
Inspect both wheels for the following:
CAUTION: Under-inflation is a common cause of tire
failure and may result in severe tire cracking, tread
separation, “blowout,” or unexpected loss of motorcycle
control causing serious injury or death.
 Bent, loose, or missing spokes
 Bent or cracked rims
 Impact marks on the rims
Inspect both tires for the following:
 Cuts, cracks, splits, or missing tread lugs in the tread or
sidewall area
 Bumps or bulges within the tire body
 Uneven tire tread wear. Wear on one side of the tire
tread or flat spots in the tire tread indicate a problem
with the tire or motorcycle.
 Exposed tire thread or cords
If either of the wheels or tires are found to have any of the
above conditions, replace the wheel and tire immediately.
5.12
Tire pressure should be checked and adjusted to the
proper inflation levels before each ride. Tire pressure
should be checked using an accurate gauge when the tires
are cold. This means that the tires have not been ridden on
for at least 3 hours. Always replace the valve stem cap
when finished adjusting tire pressures.
FRONT
REAR
200 kPa (29 PSI)
186 kPa (27 PSI)
General Maintenance
Drive Belt
The drive belt provides low maintenance and quiet
operation with minimal stretch. Keep dirt, grease, oil, and
debris off the belt and sprockets.
The drive belt tension should be checked and adjusted at
the intervals specified in the Maintenance Schedule. For
maintenance, see Maintenance Schedule on page 5-2.
Clean the belt with mild soap and water when washing
your motorcycle. Towel dry and inspect for the following:
 Cuts or unusual wear patterns.
 Damage to the center of the belt.
 Outside edge beveling. Some beveling is common but it
indicates that sprockets are misaligned.
 Outside ribbed surface for signs of stone puncture.
 Inside (tooth portion) of belt for exposed tensile cords
normally covered by nylon layer and polyethylene layer.
This condition will result in belt failure and indicates
worn sprocket teeth.
 Signs of puncture or cracking at the base of the belt
teeth.
Checking Drive Belt Tension
Proper belt tension is essential for optimum operation of
the drive system.
Lack of belt tension can lead to “ratcheting.” The teeth of
the belt will slide over the teeth of the rear sprocket. This
causes an unpleasant sound; the ratcheting can also
cause damage to the carbon tensile cords. If ratcheting
has occurred you should replace the belt before the next
time you ride.
Too much tension can increase the wear of your drive
system and the system can drag.
The tension is checked by using a Tension Tester.
The Tension Tester has a plastic measurement arm,
located in a slot. Along this slot there is a measuring scale.
The point of intersection of the measurement arm and the
measuring scale shows the tension of the belt. There is a
button (clicking pad) on the upper side of the Tension
Tester, where you can secure your finger with a rubber
band holder. A spring is located underneath this clicking
pad. If a certain pressure is applied to the spring, it makes
a clicking sound.
If any of the above conditions are found, the belt should be
replaced.
5.13
General Maintenance
Drive Belt Adjustment Procedure
Note: Adjust both sides equally.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove key from the key switch.
Loosen the rear axle nut (A).
Loosen the (left and right) 13 mm jam nuts (C).
Turn the (left and right) 13 mm adjustment bolts (B) 1/4
turn at a time until the belt adjustment is within
specification.
Note: Belt tension will increase slightly when motor
mount bolts are fully torqued.
1. Remove the key from the key switch.
2. Press the Tension Tester steadily to the middle of the
upper side of the belt. The “lip” will lead the tester on to
the belt.
3. Slowly increase the pressure on the tester, until you
hear a clicking sound. Do not increase the pressure
after the tester has clicked.
4. Remove the tester carefully from the belt. Avoid rough
movements of the tester, as this would change the
results of the measurement. The measurement should
be in the range of 44-66 lbs (20-30 kg).
5.14
5.
6.
7.
8.
Tighten left and right jam nuts (C) to secure the belt.
Tighten the axle nut (A).
Test ride the motorcycle.
Recheck the belt for proper adjustment after the test
ride and readjust, if necessary.
General Maintenance
Drive Chain (Optional)
Cleaning The Drive Chain
CAUTION: Always wear safety glasses when cleaning the
chain to prevent eye injuries.
CAUTION: Never place your hand or any other body part
between the chain and sprockets. Work with the chain only
in the middle between the two sprockets; failure to do so
could result in serious injury.
CAUTION: Do not allow any of the drive chain cleaner to
get on the brake rotors or brake pads. If the brake rotors or
brake pads are contaminated with cleaner, it will impair the
motorcycle’s ability to stop. This could result in serious
injury or death.
3. Using a brush, fill the bristles with spray from the chain
cleaner. Begin gently scrubbing the chain on the top of
your swingarm using the brush.
4. Do this for the entire length of the chain. Now do the
same thing for the inside/bottom of the chain.
5. Using the brush, clean both sides of the rear sprocket.
Let this soak for 5 minutes.
6. Using a water hose, rinse the entire chain. Then, using
a clean rag, wipe any residual moisture from the chain.
CAUTION: Never have the motor spinning the wheel
during cleaning. Turn the wheel only by hand. Failure to do
so could result in serious injury or death.
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the chain
cleaner you are using; below are the general guidelines.
1. Remove the key from the key switch.
2. Set the motorcycle on a stand or lift so the rear wheel is
free to spin. While turning the wheel by HAND, spray
the inside of your entire chain with a good coating of
chain cleaner and let it sit for a few minutes.
5.15
General Maintenance
Lubricating The Drive Chain
CAUTION: Wear safety glasses when lubricating the chain
to prevent eye injuries.
CAUTION: Never have the motor spinning the wheel. Turn
the wheel only by hand. Failure to do so could result in
serious personal injury.
CAUTION: Never place your hand between the chain and
sprockets. Work with the chain only in the middle between
the two sprockets. Failure to do so could result in serious
personal injury.
CAUTION: Do not allow any of the lubricant to get on the
brake rotors or brake pads. If the brake rotors or brake
pads are contaminated with lubricant, it will impair the
motorcycle’s ability to stop. This could result in serious
personal injury.
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the chain
lubricant you are using; below are the general guidelines.
Do not allow any of the lubricant to get on the brake rotor.
To lubricate the drive chain:
1. Turn the wheel backwards slowly and spray the inside
of the chain on the inside of the links.
2. Turn the wheel backwards slowly and spray the outside
of the chain on the outside of the links.
3. Let the motorcycle stand for 30 minutes to allow the
lubricant to penetrate the link rollers.
5.16
Checking The Drive Chain
1. Remove the key from the key switch.
2. Using a ruler, grasp the chain halfway between the front
and rear sprockets.
3. The chain should move 0.63 in (16 mm) in either
direction, so 1.25 in (32 mm) of total free play.
4. If the chain’s free play is not within specifications it will
need to be adjusted (see the next page).
General Maintenance
Adjusting The Drive Chain
Note: Adjust both sides equally.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove key from the key switch.
Loosen the rear axle nut (A).
Loosen the (left and right) 13 mm jam nuts (C).
Turn the (left and right) 13 mm adjustment bolts (B) 1/4
turn at a time until the chain adjustment is within
specification.
Note: Chain tension will increase slightly when motor
mount bolts are fully torqued.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Tighten left and right jam nuts (C) to secure the chain.
Tighten the axle nut (A).
Test ride the motorcycle.
Recheck the chain for proper adjustment after the test
ride and readjust, if necessary.
5.17
General Maintenance
Headlight Alignment
The headlight should be checked for correct alignment
periodically. It must be aligned any time the suspension
sag is adjusted because this will affect the headlight
alignment. Before the headlight can be aligned, the
suspension sag and tire pressure must be correctly
adjusted. The headlight can be adjusted vertically. If the
vertical adjustment is off, it will cause the beam to point too
close to or too far ahead of the motorcycle. With the
headlight on the low beam position, the motorcycle
perpendicular to the ground, and the operator sitting on the
motorcycle, verify the beam alignment. The motorcycle is
shipped with the headlight at a 0.5-2.5% dip.
The four headlight assembly retaining bolts (A) are located
on the sides of the headlight assembly retaining brackets.
To adjust the headlight, loosen all four bolts, pivot the
assembly until the correct beam alignment is achieved,
then tighten all tighten bolts.
Headlight Bulb Replacement
CAUTION: Halogen bulbs contain gas under pressure.
Handling a bulb improperly could cause it to shatter into
flying glass fragments, which could result in serious injury.
To help avoid serious injury:
 Turn the key switch OFF and allow the bulb to cool
before changing the bulb.
 Leave the key switch OFF until the bulb change is
complete.
 Always wear eye protection when changing a halogen
bulb.
 Avoid touching the glass.
5.18
General Maintenance
To replace the bulb:
1. Remove the two bolts (A) securing the trim cover above
headlight assembly to the motorcycle.
2. Release and remove the trim cover.
3. Remove the four bolts (B) securing the headlight
assembly to the headlight assembly retaining brackets.
5. Disconnect the headlight bulb connector (C).
6. Release the headlight bulb sealing boot (D).
4. Release the headlight assembly.
5.19
General Maintenance
7. Unhook the headlight bulb spring clip (E) by pushing
down and to the side.
Turn Signal Light Bulb Replacement
To replace the signal light bulb:
1. Remove the turn signal lens screw (A) and remove the
lens.
8. Lift up on the spring clip and remove the headlight bulb.
WARNING! Do not touch the glass portion of the headlight
bulb. Keep the headlight bulb free of contaminants. Oil
from your fingers or contaminants will shorten the life of
the bulb. Thoroughly clean any fingerprints or
contaminants from the bulb using a clean cloth moistened
with alcohol.
9. Install the replacement headlight bulb into the lens.
10.Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure.
5.20
2. Push in on the bulb, turn the bulb counter-clockwise,
and then pull the bulb out.
3. Insert the new bulb into the socket, push in and turn
clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens and screw; tighten the screw. Do not
over-tighten the screw.
General Maintenance
Brake/Tail Light Bulb Replacement
Running Light Bulb Replacement
To replace the brake/trail light bulb:
1. Remove the two bolts (A) securing the trim cover above
headlight assembly to the motorcycle.
2. Release and remove the trim cover.
3. Remove the four bolts (B) securing the headlight
assembly to the headlight assembly retaining brackets.
1. Remove the brake/tail light lens screws (A) and remove
the lens.
2. Push in on the bulb and turn the bulb counter-clockwise
then pull the bulb out.
3. Insert the new bulb into the socket, push in and turn
clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the brake/tail light lens and screws; tighten the
screws. Do not over-tighten the screws.
4. Release the headlight assembly.
5.21
General Maintenance
5. Release the running light bulb retainer from headlight
(C).
6. Remove the running light bulb from retainer.
7. Install the replacement running light bulb into retainer.
8. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure.
5.22
General Maintenance
Cleaning
WARNING! Improper cleaning can damage electrical
components, cowling's, panels, and other plastic parts. Do
not use high pressure water or steam cleaners; they can
cause water intrusion of bearing, seals, and electrical
components. Avoid spraying water of great force around
the dash unit, quick charge connector, power pack, or
controller.
To prolong the life of your motorcycle it should be washed
periodically. Regular cleaning is an important factor in
maintaining the value of your motorcycle. It also ensures
that safety related parts remain in full working order.
If tar, bugs, or other similar deposits have accumulated,
clean them off as soon as possible.
CAUTION: After cleaning and before starting your journey,
always test the brakes.
Washing
WARNING! Do not use any harsh chemical products on
plastic parts. Be sure to avoid using cloths or sponges
which have been in contact with strong abrasive cleaning
products, solvent or thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers
or inhibitors, brake fluid, antifreeze, or electrolyte.
Note: We recommend the use of a garden hose to wash
your motorcycle. High-pressure washers (like those at
coin-operated car washes) can damage certain parts.
1. Gently wash your motorcycle with a sponge or a clean
soft cloth, mild detergent, and plenty of water.
2. Use care when cleaning the plastic parts (dash,
fenders, and side panels), which can scratch easier
than the other parts of your motorcycle.
3. After washing, rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with
plenty of clean water to remove any detergent residue.
4. Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or a soft, dry towel.
5. After cleaning, inspect for damage, wear or leaks.
After washing the motorcycle, allow all of the electrical
components to dry prior to operation. If the motorcycle is
ridden after being washed, apply both brakes several
times in order to remove any moisture from the brake
pads.
Wheels and tires
Avoid using strong acidic wheel cleaners, especially on
spoked wheels. If such products are used on
hard-to-remove dirt, do not leave the cleaner on the
affected area any longer than instructed. Also thoroughly
rinse the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then
apply a corrosion protection spray.
Do not use products such as tire dressings on tires as this
will deteriorate traction.
5.23
General Maintenance
Parking and Long Term Storage
 It is recommended to always leave the power pack
plugged in. The Zero charger is designed to maintain a
balanced and complete charge at all times without
wasting any electricity.
 Over extended periods of time the power pack is
checked every 72 hours to ensure that the cells are
balanced and that the power pack is full.
 To prolong the life of your power pack you should store
your motorcycle in a cool area. Storing your motorcycle
in a hot area will cause your power pack’s life to be
shortened.
 If, for some reason, your motorcycle was not plugged in
for several days, you should always charge it up before
riding.
For more information on the power pack and the electrical
system see “Battery Management System (BMS)”, on
page 4-6.
WARNING! Opening of the power pack is for trained Zero
Motorcycles technicians. Please be aware that incorrect
handling of a Zero power pack can be dangerous. DO
NOT OPEN!
5.24
Zero Motorcycles Accessories
Zero accessories are designed to complement and
function with other systems on your motorcycle. Your
dealer can accessorize the motorcycle using genuine Zero
accessories.
A full line of Parts, Accessories, and Apparel can be found
on the Zero Motorcycles website.
Fuses
Whenever there is an excessive amount of current flowing
through a circuit the fusible element will melt and create an
open or incomplete circuit. Fuses are a one-time protection
device and must be replaced each time the circuit is
overloaded. Replace the fuse with one of equal current
and voltage rating. If the fuse melts repeatedly, have the
electrical system inspected by your dealer.
General Maintenance
12 Volt Fuse Center
The 12 volt fuse center is located behind the front forks
under the left trim panel.
To access the 12 volt fuse center:
1. Remove the left trim panel by removing 3 hex bolts, 1
standard bolt, and (push-in) plastic rivet.
2. Turn the forks to full lock position.
3. Remove the cover from inside the cavity.
4. Replace the fuse(s).
5. Reinstall the cover.
6. Reinstall the trim panel.
The fuse center has a protective cover that must first be
removed to gain access to the fuses. To remove the cover,
squeeze the tabs (A) together and lift off the cover.
The 12-volt fuse values are listed below:
FUSE
RATING
CIRCUITS CONTROLLED
1
10A
Headlight
2
10A
Accessory Port
3
10A
Flash Lights, Turn Signals, Horn, Brake/Tail Light
4
5A
Running Lights
5.25
General Maintenance
High Voltage Fuse Center
The high voltage fuse center is located on the left side of
the motorcycle (in a cluster of five fuses).
The high voltage fuse values are listed below:
FUSE
RATING
CIRCUITS CONTROLLED
1
ABC10A
Charger
2
ATM30A
Quick Charger
3
ABC4A
DC/DC Converter
4
ABC4A
Main Bike Board/Controller
5
ABC4A
Low_Pwr_B-
5.26
To replace a high voltage fuse:
 Unscrew the fuse cover.
 Replace the fuse.
 Reinstall the cover.
Service Record
Follow the maintenance schedules on page 5-2. After a scheduled service or routine is performed, record the information
on the chart below.
Service Record
DATE
ITEM
SERVICE/ROUTINE DESCRIPTION
5.27
Notes
5.28
Troubleshooting
Electric Motorcycle Safety Precautions
Troubleshooting
Your Zero Motorcycle has high voltage components. The
high voltage used by these components is dangerous and
can cause personal injury, severe burns, electric shock
and even fatal injury unless appropriate precautions are
taken.
Always observe and obey the instructions on labels
attached to components on the motorcycle - they are there
for your safety.
Do not touch, attempt to remove or replace any high
voltage parts, wiring (identified by the orange out sleeving)
or connectors. If the motorcycle is involved in an accident
do not touch any high voltage wiring connectors or the
components connected to the wiring. If a motorcycle fire
occurs, extinguish visible flame with a Class D power-type fire
extinguisher. After flame has extinguished, douse with a
water-based fire extinguisher.
serious injury or death. High voltage cables are colored
orange for easy identification.
Troubleshooting Your Motorcycle
All Zero motorcycles are carefully inspected before they
are delivered. Even after the motorcycles are inspected,
some technical issues can occur. The following information
offers a guide to help you to identify an issue, and if
possible, repair it yourself. If you are unable to solve an
issue with your Zero FX Motorcycle, take it to an
authorized dealer at your convenience. If there is no dealer
in your area call Zero Motorcycles Customer Service.
CAUTION! Your motorcycle uses high voltage. System
components can be hot to touch during and after starting
and when the motorcycle is shut off. Be careful of both the
high voltage and the high temperature.
CAUTION! The motorcycles high voltage system has no
user serviceable parts. Disassembling, removing or
replacing high voltage components, cables or connectors
can cause severe burns or electric shock that may result in
6.1
Troubleshooting
System Warning Indicator
If a fault has been detected, count the number of times the
red indicator light (A) flashes.
Refer to the table on the following pages for a possible
cause and solution to the issue.
6.2
Troubleshooting
NUMBER OF RED FLASHES
CAUSE
SOLUTION
1
Motor Stop Switch Disabled or Kickstand
Switch Disabled
Motor stop switch is in the OFF position. Press the
motor stop switch ON button. Kickstand is down.
Raise kickstand.
2
Indicator Always ON
Contact Zero or your dealer.
3
Self-Test Failed
Unplug charger.
4
Charger Connected
Throttle is ON or throttle/connection is bad. Verify
throttle action and/or check connection.
5
High Throttle Disable
Could not pre-charge motor controller. Contact your
dealer.
6
Low Power Pack Disable
Charge Power Pack Before Riding.
7
Contactor Error
Contact Zero or your dealer.
8
Controller Area Network (CAN) Error
Contact Zero or your dealer.
9
10
Battery Management System (BMS)
Throttle Disable
Throttle Out of Range
Contact Zero or your dealer.
Bad throttle or connections. Verify throttle
action and/or check connection.
6.3
Troubleshooting
NUMBER OF RED FLASHES
CAUSE
SOLUTION
11
Motor Temperature Sensor Out of Range
Bad motor temperature sensor or connections.
Replace temperature sensor and/or check
connections.
12
MBB Voltage Error
Contact Zero or your dealer.
13
Board Temperature Warning
Board may have overheated. Let the motorcycle cool
down.
14
Current Sensor Error
15
Welded Contactor
Contact Zero or your dealer.
16
High Current Disable
Turn the ignition OFF and ON. If problem persists
contact Zero or your dealer.
17
Temperature Protection Error
Turn the ignition OFF and allow to cool off and then
restart. If problem persists contact Zero or your
dealer.
18
Throttle Output Error
Turn the ignition OFF and ON. If problem persists
contact Zero or your dealer.
19
Kickstand Error
Bad kickstand switch or connection. Replace
kickstand switch and/or check connection.
20
Miscellaneous Error
Contact Zero or your dealer.
6.4
Problem with current sensor or
connection. Contact your dealer.
Troubleshooting
General Troubleshooting
SYMPTOM
POTENTIAL CAUSE
POTENTIAL SOLUTION
Motorcycle does not turn on
Power Pack not charged. Key not properly engaged.
Motor stop switch turned OFF. Fault code set.
Charge Power Pack. Recheck key in ignition, turn OFF/ON
again. Press the motor stop Switch ON button. See
Understanding BMS Flash Code Patterns (Charge Mode) on
page 6-8.
Charger not working
A/C power missing Fault code set
Check A/C outlet for power, A/C source check fuse/voltage.
See Understanding BMS Flash Code Patterns (Charge Mode)
on page 6-8.
Handlebars wobbly (shimmy)
Incorrect tire pressure
Inflate to correct tire pressure. See page 5-12 for additional
information.
Deformed front tire
Replace/balance front tire with the same tire supplied from the
factory.
Bald tire (excess wear)
Replace/balance tire with the same tire supplied from the
factory.
Loose headset bearings
Inspect the headset for wear or damage, replace any worn or
damaged parts. Tighten the headset pre-load.
6.5
Troubleshooting
Battery Management System
The Battery Management System (BMS) is located inside
the power pack and is fitted with a window (A) to provide
visual notification about the status of the power pack.
There are four LED lamps that will flash: one red and three
green lamps. The window is located on the front side of the
power pack. Refer to the following pages to understand the
meaning of the BMS flash code patterns.
Note: The other circular cover is for diagnostics only.
6.6
Troubleshooting
Understanding BMS Flash Code Patterns (Idle Mode)
In this mode the key is OFF and the power pack is not being charged (the BMS is only monitoring the battery).
1 RED
2 GREEN
4 GREEN
ON
OFF
MEANING
SOLUTION

50 ms
5 sec
Healthy
BMS OK

50 ms
5 ms
Isolation Fault
Contact Zero or the Dealer

50 ms
60 sec
Pack Low
Charge power pack

50 ms
1 sec
Number of Cell Packs Not Set
Contact Zero or the Dealer

50 ms
1 sec
Self-Test Failed
Contact Zero or the Dealer
50 ms
250 ms
Waiting for UART Input
Contact Zero or the Dealer

3 GREEN

sec = seconds
ms = milliseconds
6.7
Troubleshooting
Understanding BMS Flash Code Patterns (Charge Mode)
This mode is with the charging cord plugged into the AC power, and the key in the OFF position. During the Charging
process, first all lights will flash. Next, lights 1 through 4 will flash depending on the power pack’s state of charge.
1 RED
2 GREEN
3 GREEN
4 GREEN
ON
OFF
MEANING
SOLUTION




1 sec
5 sec
Charge Complete
Unplug Charger
250 ms
25%
Continue Charging
250 ms
50%
Continue Charging
250 ms
75%
Continue Charging
250 ms
100%
Continue Charging
Power Pack Unbalanced
Let the Power Pack Cool Down
Too Hot
Let the Power Pack Cool Down
Charging










Balancing


500 ms

500 ms

100 ms
Temperature Disable

sec = seconds
ms = milliseconds
6.8
500 ms
Troubleshooting
Understanding BMS Flash Code Patterns (Run Mode)
In this mode, the key is in the ON position.
1 RED
2 GREEN
3 GREEN
4 GREEN










ON
OFF
MEANING
SOLUTION
5 sec
1 sec
25% of Power Remaining
Charge Soon
5 sec
1 sec
50% of Power Remaining
Charge Soon
5 sec
1 sec
75% of Power Remaining
Charge Soon
5 sec
1 sec
100% of Power Remaining
OK
sec = seconds
ms = milliseconds
6.9
Troubleshooting
Power Pack Empty
If the power pack is completely empty, an error-beep
sounds and the BMS disables the throttle. You cannot ride
the motorcycle until you recharge the power pack. If the
Power Pack Empty error-beep still sounds after two hours
of charging time, contact your dealer. Your power pack
may need to be repaired or replaced.
Power Pack Full (High Power Pack-Voltage)
If the BMS detects that the power pack is already full, it
disables any further charging to prevent damage to the
power pack.
This is not an error-condition; it is the result of a successful
charging cycle. There is no self-test flash code which
reports this condition.
During an ordinary charging cycle, when the cells are
balanced, the charger (not the BMS) senses that the
power pack is full and terminates the charging cycle with a
“green light.” The BMS does have a redundant back-up
mechanism to prevent overcharging of the power pack. If
the charger fails to terminate a charging-cycle when the
power pack is full, the BMS will terminate charging itself to
prevent damage.
6.10
Power Pack Too Hot
The power pack contains internal temperature sensors. If
the BMS measures excessive internal temperatures, it
flashes an error code and disables the throttle. You cannot
ride the motorcycle until the power pack cools down. Place
the motorcycle in a cool, well-ventilated location and wait a
few minutes before riding again. If the Too Hot error code
still flashes after the power pack has had time to cool
down, contact your dealer. Your power pack may need to
be repaired or replaced.
Power Pack Unbalanced
The power pack contains many individual cells. The BMS
continuously monitors the cells and tries to keep them all
“in balance” (at the same level-of-charge). If any of the
cells are grossly out-of-balance, the BMS flashes a Power
Pack Unbalanced error code and disables the throttle. You
cannot ride the motorcycle until the problem is resolved.
The solution to the problem is to plug in the charger and
allow the power pack to charge for 72 hours. This allows
the BMS to re-balance the cells in the power pack. If the
Power Pack Unbalanced error code still flashes after the
power pack has spent more than 72 hours charging,
contact your dealer. Your power pack may need to be
repaired or replaced.
Troubleshooting
Other Error-Flash Patterns
If the BMS in your power pack produces an error code
which is not described in Understanding BMS Flash Code
Patterns, then the power pack has encountered a serious
internal hardware problem and must be repaired or
replaced by a dealer.
6.11
Troubleshooting
Cold and Hot Weather Considerations
Cold Weather Operation
Operation of the motorcycle in cold temperatures has no
permanent impact on its battery pack/cells; however, the
rider may see a reduction in range due to the effect cold
temperature has on the amount of energy the pack/cells
can release. The colder the weather, the greater the effect;
so that, as compared to operation in 80°F (27°C) ambient,
at 30°F (-1°C) ambient the rider could experience a
temporary reduction in range of up to 30%.
In extreme cold weather the motorcycle may also
experience a temporary reduction in power and,
correspondingly, achieved top speed.
It is not recommended that the motorcycle be ridden while
its battery temperature is below 23°F (-5°C). If it is, its
battery needs to be put on the charger at a temperature
above 32°F (0°C) as soon as the ride is concluded. It is
worth noting that the Battery Management System (BMS)
will not allow the battery to be discharged below -22°F
(-30°C), which is the absolute lowest discharge
temperature prescribed by the cell manufacturer.
6.12
Storage of the motorcycle for the winter in a non-heated
garage is acceptable, as long as:
1. the coldest temperature in the garage does not fall
below -31°F (-35°C)
2. the battery is left on the charger continuously
3. the battery is initially topped off at a temperature above
32°F(0°C)
Storage temperatures below -31°F (-35°C) may result in
accelerated permanent decay of the battery performance,
and hence it is not recommended. Above this temperature,
working as a system with the BMS, the charger will ensure
the battery survives winter storage with no permanent
damage, even if the temperatures dip well below freezing
for weeks at a time.
Note: To prevent battery damage, the BMS will prevent the
charger from charging the battery at a temperature below
32°F (0°C). As long as the battery was initially topped off
by the charger above 32°F (0°C) and remains on the
charger through the winter at temperatures above -31°F
(-35°C), the system will guard the battery from damage.
Troubleshooting
Hot Weather Operation
Operation of the motorcycle in hot temperatures should not
result in any noticeable performance changes. However,
the BMS will not allow motorcycle operation and its
associated battery discharge above 140°F (60°C), as
measured at the battery.
In hot temperatures greater than 110°F (43°C), the charger
reduces its charge current to the battery, increasing charge
time accordingly; the hotter the ambient temperature, the
greater the effect. Above a battery temperature of 131°F
(55°C), the BMS will no longer allow charging.
Note: Storing the motorcycle or its battery in direct sunlight
in ambient temperatures above 105°F (41°C) may result in
accelerated permanent decay of battery performance, and
hence it is not recommended.
6.13
Troubleshooting
Safety Interlocks
If the BMS detects a serious internal fault, it can take either
or both of two actions to prevent damage to the power
pack:
 Throttle Disable. The BMS disables the throttle if the
power pack is empty, or if the BMS detects certain
serious internal problems. You cannot ride the
motorcycle until the problem is resolved.
 Charger Disable. The BMS prevents charging if it
detects certain serious internal problems - even if the
power pack is connected to a charger and plugged in to
AC power. The power pack cannot be charged until the
problem is resolved.
Throttle Disable Interlock
The BMS communicates with the main motorcycle control
module. The BMS can send a signal to the main
motorcycle controller requesting that the throttle control on
the motorcycle be disabled. When the throttle control is
disabled, the motor will not deliver power to the rear wheel,
and the motorcycle cannot be ridden.
If the throttle is disabled while riding, the motorcycle will
cease to provide power, and the operator must pull over to
a safe location.
All conditions which would cause the BMS to disable the
throttle are also signaled by a flash code pattern at
self-test. If you suspect that the BMS has disabled the
throttle control on your motorcycle, turn the key switch
OFF and back ON again to enter self-test mode. The flash
code pattern from the BMS reports any of the error
conditions which would cause the BMS to disable the
throttle.
Each of these conditions, the associated self-test flash
code pattern, and the suggested remedies are discussed
in Understanding BMS Flash Code Patterns on page 6-8.
 Power Pack Empty
 Too Hot
 Power Pack Unbalanced
6.14
Troubleshooting
Charger-Disable Interlock
When the charger is attached and plugged in to AC power,
the BMS communicates with the charger. The BMS can
send a signal to the charger requesting that charging
terminates immediately. When the charger is disabled, the
indicator lights on the charger displays that charging has
stopped.
There are two conditions that cause the BMS to disable
charging:
1. Too hot
The BMS detects an internal power pack temperature
above 131°F (55°C).
2. Too cold
The BMS detects an internal power pack temperature
below 32°F(0°C).
6.15
Notes
6.16
Limited Warranty Information
What Does This Limited Warranty Cover?
WarrantyWarranty
Limited
and Customer
Information
Information
Zero Motorcycles Inc. ("Zero") warrants that all factory
manufactured 2014 Zero FX motorcycles are free from
defects in material and workmanship during the period of
this Limited Warranty.
This Limited Warranty covers parts, including the motor,
motor controller, frame, swing arm, fork, rear shock, brake
assemblies, wheels and electrical sub-assemblies, and
approved Zero accessories installed at the time of
purchase by an authorized Zero dealer.
This Limited Warranty also covers the following items,
collectively referred to as “Power Packs”:
 ZF2.8 Power Pack Modules installed on the Zero FX.
Should a ZF2.8 Power Pack be purchased to upgrade
the capacity of a Zero FX ZF2.8 to ZF5.7 after the initial
“in service date” of the host Zero motorcycle, the Power
Pack warranty duration will match the remaining Power
Pack warranty of the host Zero motorcycle.
This Limited Warranty covers all components of the Power
Packs that are included as a part of the Z-Force® Power
Pack, including the battery, integrated battery
management system, internal wiring, and internal
structures.
What Is The Coverage Period Of This Limited
Warranty?
The duration of this Limited Warranty for 2014 Zero FX
motorcycles, not including the Power Packs, is a period of
2 years from the original “in service date.”
Note: The “in service date” is the date that the authorized
dealer performs a pre-delivery inspection (“PDI”) and
delivers the motorcycle to the customer. In the event these
events occur on different dates, the later date shall be the
“in service date.”
The duration of this Limited Warranty for Power Packs, not
including the Power Pack's outer case is as follows:
 5 years or 50,000 miles, whichever occurs first, from
the “in service date” for ZF2.8 Power Pack Modules on
the Zero FX.
 Up to 5 years or 50,000 miles, whichever occurs first,
from the “in service date” of the host 2014 Zero FX
ZF2.8 motorcycle for the ZF2.8 Power Pack upgrade. If
purchased after the host Power Pack warranty has
expired, the additional Power Pack will receive the
standard accessory warranty of 1 year from date of
purchase.
The Power Pack’s outer case is not covered under the
Power Pack Limited Warranty duration terms above.
7.1
Limited Warranty Information
Instead, the Power Pack’s outer case is covered for a
period of 2 years from its “in service date.”
Who Does This Limited Warranty Cover?
This Limited Warranty applies to all original owners who
submit the warranty registration card within the required
time period as printed on the registration card.
This Limited Warranty may only be transferred to new
owners with payment of a $50 processing fee and
submission of a new registration card by the new owner.
See “Transfer Of Ownership And Warranty”, on page 7-6.
What Is Not Covered By This Limited
Warranty?
Due to the battery chemistry, there is a normal, expected
reduction in range/capacity that Power Packs can yield
over time and usage. Depending on use and storage
conditions, Power Packs will degrade during the duration
of this Limited Warranty period. Zero will only repair or
replace pursuant to this Limited Warranty a Power Pack
that exhibits a nominal storage capacity reduction of
greater than 20% of the published nominal capacity, as
measured by an authorized Zero dealer. To check the
capacity of a Power Pack, an authorized Zero dealer can
perform a battery management system log data extraction,
which will confirm if a reduction is within expected norms.
7.2
Further, this Limited Warranty only covers 2014 Zero FX
motorcycles or Power Packs that are operated according
to “proper use” and “under normal operating conditions.”
For purposes of this exclusion, the following definitions
apply:
 “Normal operating conditions” require routine care and
maintenance of the 2014 Zero FX motorcycle and
Power Packs as described in this Owner's Manual.
 “Proper use” means only the use of a motorcycle in the
manner intended for a rider and passenger on a Zero
FX with proper safety equipment as described in this
Owner's Manual, in accordance with local regulations.
 “Proper use” also means charging the Power Pack after
each use and storing it in a fully charged state, or
recharging it every 30 days, or keeping it on the
charger when in storage or not in regular use.
In addition, this Limited Warranty does not cover:
 The cost of parts and labor involved in any routine care
and maintenance and/or the replacement of parts due
to normal wear and tear, use, or deterioration, including
but not limited to: tires, brake pads and rotors, fork
seals, grips, foot pegs, and the seat;
 The replacement of fluids, unless their replacement is a
necessary part of warranty service on a covered
component;
Limited Warranty Information
 Wheels on off-road bikes once they have been ridden
 Any cosmetic concerns that arise as a result of
environmental conditions, owner abuse, misuse, lack of
routine care and maintenance, and/or improper use;
 Parts or components damaged by use or operation
under abnormal circumstances or contrary to the
requirements described in this Owner's Manual.
 Zero motorcycles and Power Packs used for racing or
other competitive events;
 Zero motorcycles and Power Packs misused or
improperly operated;
 Damage, malfunctions, or performance problems
caused by modifications or alterations to this 2014 Zero
FX motorcycle and/or Power Packs – including
modifications or alterations performed by an authorized
Zero dealer – that cause the Zero motorcycle or Power
Pack to fail;
 Damage, malfunctions, or performance problems
caused by aftermarket accessories installed on a Zero
motorcycle or Power Pack after the “in service date,” or
caused by aftermarket accessories installed by
someone other than an authorized Zero dealer;
 Damage, malfunctions, or performance problems
caused by the improper repair of the motorcycle,
installation of any parts or accessories not sold or
approved by Zero, the installation and use of any





parties or accessories that alter the motorcycle’s
specifications from those set by Zero, or the use of new
or used parts not approved by Zero;
Damage, malfunctions, or performance problems
caused by fire, collision, accident, or improper storage;
Damage, malfunctions, or performance problems
caused by continued operation of the motorcycle after a
warning light, gauge reading, or other warning indicates
a mechanical or operational problem;
Motorcycles severely damaged or declared to be a total
loss by an insurer, or motorcycles substantially
reassembled from or repaired with parts obtained from
another used motorcycle;
Damage, malfunctions, or performance problems
caused by the failure to follow recommended
maintenance requirements as set forth in this Owner’s
Manual; and,
Damage, malfunctions, or performance problems
caused by airborne industrial pollutants (e.g., acid rain),
bird droppings, tree sap, stones, flood water,
windstorms, or other similar occurrences;
Further, this Limited Warranty does not apply to Zero
motorcycles or parts and accessories that are not imported
or distributed by Zero.
7.3
Limited Warranty Information
What Other Limitations Or Disclaimers Apply
To This Limited Warranty
The following additional limitations and disclaimers apply
to this Limited Warranty:
 This Limited Warranty is the only express warranty
made in connection with the sale of this Zero
Motorcycle model. Any implied warranty, including any
warranty of merchantability or warranty of fitness for a
particular purpose is limited in duration to the stated
period of this written warranty. (Some states do not
allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts,
so this limitation may not apply to you.)
 Zero does not assume – or authorize any person to
assume – any other obligation or liability on its behalf.
 This Limited Warranty does not cover any incidental or
consequential damages, including loss of value of the
motorcycle, lost profits or earnings, out-of-pocket
expenses for substitute transportation or lodging,
expenses associated with returning the covered
product to a authorized service facility or dealer, towing
and/or roadside assistance expenses, expenses
associated with returning the covered product back to
its owner, mechanic's travel time or communication
charges, loss or damage to personal property, loss or
time, or inconvenience. (Some states do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
7.4
damages, so this limitation or exclusion may not apply
to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights and
you may also have other rights, which vary from state to
state.)
 Zero Motorcycles reserves the right to change or
improve the design of any Zero motorcycle, Power
Pack, or any other Zero parts (collectively, “Zero
products”) at any time, without assuming any obligation
to modify any Zero products previously manufactured
or sold.
 The purchaser acknowledges that there is an inherent
risk in the operation of motorcycles. This Limited
Warranty does not cover - and Zero cannot assume
responsibility for - any injury arising from the unsafe or
improper operation of Zero products, or the user’s
failure to comply with instructions, care and
maintenance requirements, warnings, and safety
precautions
 The original registered owner or subsequent registered
transferee as documented on the Zero motorcycle
warranty registration form is responsible for conveying
the Owner’s Manual and all safety warnings,
instructions, and Limited Warranty if the unit is sold,
loaned, or otherwise transferred to another person.
Limited Warranty Information
What Are Your Responsibilities As A
Customer?
What Will Zero Do Under This Limited
Warranty?
As the owner of a product covered by this Limited
Warranty, it is your responsibility to read and understand
this Owner's Manual, this Limited Warranty, and all product
warnings before operating your Zero motorcycle. Serious
injury or death can result from improper operation or failure
to observe warnings and safety instructions on any
motorcycle.
During the duration of this Limited Warranty, an authorized
Zero dealer will repair or replace (at Zero’s discretion),
without charge, any 2014 Zero FX motorcycle, Power
Packs, or parts that are covered by this Limited Warranty
and found by Zero or an authorized Zero dealer to be
defective in factory materials or workmanship.
Further, it is also your responsibility to:
 Perform all recommended and necessary routine care
and maintenance and engage in proper use of your
Zero motorcycle and Power Pack as detailed in this
Owner's Manual.
 Learn and obey all federal, state, and local laws
governing the operations of a motorcycle, generally,
and an electric motorcycle, specifically.
 At all times when operating a Zero motorcycle wear
proper safety equipment and clothing, including but not
limited to helmet, goggles, and appropriate boots.
7.5
Limited Warranty Information
How Do You Obtain Service Under This
Limited Warranty?
Warranty services may be obtained by contacting your
local Zero Motorcycle dealer. Please refer to the dealer
locator on our website (www.zeromotorcycles.com/locator)
for your nearest location.
In the event that a dealer is not in your state, province, or
country, you can contact Zero Motorcycles Inc. directly at
+1 (888) 841-8088 (Monday-Friday, 8am to 5pm Pacific
Time) or via e-mail at support@zeromotorcycles.com.
In any written or telephonic communication, please state
the specific nature of any circumstances leading to the
problem.
North America and Canada:
Zero Motorcycles Inc.
380 El Pueblo Road
Scotts Valley, CA 95066
USA
Europe:
Zero Motorcycles BV
Fluorietweg 12D
Alkmaar, 1812 RR
NL
(U.S. and International Patents and Trademarks Pending)
7.6
Transfer Of Ownership And Warranty
When it comes time to sell your Zero Motorcycle, please
visit the Zero Motorcycles website and access the Owner
Resources section to fill out the on-line transfer of
ownership and warranty form. This must be performed to
allow Zero Motorcycles the ability to contact the new owner
in the unlikely event of a safety related issue. Use the
email address below or feel free to contact the Zero
Motorcycles Customer Service department for assistance.
Zero Motorcycles Inc.
380 El Pueblo Road
Scotts Valley, CA 95066
USA
Phone: +1 (888) 841-8085
Monday-Friday 8am to 5pm (Pacific Time)
E-mail: support@zeromotorcycles.com
Customer Information
Customer Assistance
Reporting Safety Defects
Please have the following available when contacting Zero
Motorcycles Inc. as they are essential to effectively and
efficiently answer your questions or resolve your concerns.
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Zero
Motorcycles Inc.
Customer Information
 Owner’s name and address
 Owner’s telephone number
 Vehicle identification number (VIN)
 Date of purchase
 Motor serial number (if visible)
An owner information chart is provided on page 1-3 to
record this information.
Zero Motorcycles Inc. can be contacted as follows:
Zero Motorcycles Inc.
380 El Pueblo Road
Scotts Valley, CA 95066
USA
Phone: +1 (888) 841-8085
Monday-Friday 8am to 5pm (Pacific Time)
E-mail: support@zeromotorcycles.com (24 hours)
For 24 hour updates and additional information about your
motorcycle, visit the Owner Resources section of the Zero
Motorcycles website: www.zeromotorcycles.com/ownerresources/
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or Zero
Motorcycles Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline
toll-free at:
1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to 
http://www.safercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator
National Highway Traffic Safety
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE
Washington, DC 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle
safety from:
http://www.safercar.gov
7.7
Notes
7.8
Index
A
Accessories .................................................................5.24
B
Drive Chain ..................................................................5.15
Adjustment Procedure.............................................5.17
Cleaning ..................................................................5.15
Lubricating...............................................................5.16
Bolt Torque Specifications............................................. 5.5
Brake/Tail Light Bulb Replacement .............................5.21
Brakes ........................................................................... 5.9
Brake Fluid Level Inspection ..................................... 5.9
Brake Pad Inspection ..............................................5.11
DOT 4 brake fluid ....................................................5.10
Front Brake .............................................................5.10
Front Brake Pads ...................................................... 5.9
Rear Brake ..............................................................5.10
E
C
General Operation .........................................................4.3
Key Switch/Steering Lock Positions..........................4.4
Pre-Ride Inspection...................................................4.3
General Safety Precautions...........................................2.1
General Troubleshooting ...............................................6.5
Charging
CHAdeMO Charger................................................... 1.9
Quick .......................................................................4.11
Charging the Power Pack............................................4.10
Cleaning Your Motorcycle ...........................................5.23
Contact information
NHTSA ...................................................................... 7.7
D
Dash Settings ..............................................................3.10
Drive Belt .....................................................................5.13
Checking Drive Belt Tension...................................5.13
Emissions Information .................................................1.12
F
First Time Set-Up...........................................................4.1
Fuses ...........................................................................5.24
High Voltage Fuse Center.......................................5.26
G
H
Headlight
Alignment ................................................................5.18
Bulb Replacement...................................................5.18
I
Important Operating Information....................................2.2
Inspection
INDEX.1
Index
Pre-Ride.................................................................... 4.3
Instrument Panel ....................................................3.6, 3.8
K
Keys
Replacement Code Number ..................................... 1.4
L
Plug in Your Z-Force Power Pack............................. 1.2
Serial Number ........................................................... 1.4
Pre-Ride Inspection ....................................................... 4.3
Public Charging Stations ............................................... 1.9
Q
Quick Charging............................................................ 4.11
Location Of Important Labels ........................................ 2.3
R
M
Reporting safety defects................................................ 7.7
Maintenance Schedule.................................................. 5.2
Maximizing Range......................................................... 1.9
Motor Serial Number ..................................................... 1.4
O
Operating Your Motorcycle.......................................... 4.14
Braking.................................................................... 4.14
Starting ................................................................... 4.14
Stopping.................................................................. 4.14
Owner Information......................................................... 1.3
P
Parts/Maintenance Items............................................... 5.1
Performance Level Mode Button................................. 3.17
ECO Position .......................................................... 3.17
SPORT Position...................................................... 3.17
Power Pack ................................................................... 5.8
INDEX.2
S
Safe Riding Information ................................................. 1.2
Safety Interlocks .......................................................... 6.14
Serial Number................................................................ 1.4
Motor......................................................................... 1.4
Smartphone Application .............................................. 3.13
State of Charge (SOC) ................................................ 3.13
Storage
Long Term............................................................... 5.24
Suspension
Front........................................................................ 5.11
Rear ........................................................................ 5.11
Suspension Adjustment............................................... 4.16
Front Fork Adjustment ............................................ 4.17
Rear Shock Adjustment .......................................... 4.18
Index
Suspension settings
Front (Factory) ........................................................4.17
Rear (Factory) .........................................................4.23
Understanding Your VIN Number .............................1.5
Vehicle Range ...............................................................1.8
VIN.................................................................................1.4
T
W
Technical Specifications
Zero FX Technical Specifications.............................. 1.6
Temperature Indicator
Power Pack Full (High Power Pack-Voltage)..........6.10
Tire Inflation.................................................................5.12
Transporting ................................................................1.13
Troubleshooting
Battery Management System (BMS)......................... 6.6
Run Mode ................................................................. 6.9
System Warning Indicator ......................................... 6.2
Understanding BMS Flash Code Patterns (Idle
Mode) .................................................................6.7, 6.8
Turn Signal Light Bulb Replacement ...........................5.20
Warning Lights....................................................... 3.6, 3.8
Warranty
Coverage...................................................................7.1
Exclusions .................................................................7.2
Transfer Of Ownership And Warranty .......................7.6
Wheels And Tires ........................................................5.12
U
Unpacking Your Motorcycle........................................... 4.2
Unpacking Your Zero Motorcycle
Recycling .................................................................. 4.2
V
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Location .............................................................1.4, 2.3
INDEX.3
Notes
INDEX.4
First Responder Information - High Voltage Components Locations
2014 OWNER’S MANUAL
™
WWW.ZEROMOTORCYCLES.COM
ZERO FX
TAKE CHARGE
2014 OWNER’S MANUAL
ZERO FX
™