Yamaha TDM850 Owner`s manual

OWNER’S MANUAL
TDM850
4TX-28199-E4
E_4tx_Intro0.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:35 AM
INTRODUCTION
EAU00001
Welcome to the Yamaha world of motorcycling!
As the owner of a TDM850, you are benefiting from Yamaha’s vast experience in and
newest technology for the design and the manufacture of high-quality products,
which have earned Yamaha a reputation for dependability.
Please take the time to read this manual thoroughly, so as to enjoy all your
TDM850’s advantages. The owner’s manual does not only instruct you in how to
operate, inspect and maintain your motorcycle, but also in how to safeguard yourself
and others from trouble and injury.
In addition, the many tips given in this manual will help to keep your motorcycle in
the best possible condition. If you have any further questions, do not hesitate to contact your Yamaha dealer.
The Yamaha team wishes you many safe and pleasant rides. So, remember to put
safety first!
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS
INVOLVED!
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the
motorcycle operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the motorcycle.
WARNING
CAUTION:
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the
motorcycle.
NOTE:
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
NOTE:
● This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain
with it even if the motorcycle is subsequently sold.
● Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while
this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing,
there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this manual. If there is any
question concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
@
@
EAU00005
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EW000002
WARNING
PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING
THIS MOTORCYCLE.
@
@
E_4tx_Info0.fm Page 3 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:35 AM
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU00008
TDM850
OWNER’S MANUAL
© 1999 by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
1st Edition, September 1999
All rights reserved. Any reprinting or
unauthorized use without the written
permission of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
E_4tx_Toc0.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:35 AM
TABLE OF CONTENTS
EAU00009
1 GIVE SAFETY THE RIGHT OF WAY
1
2 DESCRIPTION
2
3 INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
4 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
4
5 OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
5
6 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
6
7 MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
7
8 SPECIFICATIONS
8
9 CONSUMER INFORMATION
9
INDEX
E_4tx_Toc0.fm Page 2 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:35 AM
E_4tx_LabelTOC.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:35 AM
GIVE SAFETY THE RIGHT OF WAY
GIVE SAFETY THE RIGHT OF WAY................................................. 1-1
1
E_4tx_Label.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:35 AM
GIVE SAFETY THE RIGHT OF WAY
EAU00021
1-
Motorcycles are fascinating vehicles, which can give you an unsurpassed feeling of power and
freedom. However, they also impose certain limits, which you must accept; even the best motorcycle
does not ignore the laws of physics.
1
Regular care and maintenance are essential for preserving your motorcycle’s value and operating
condition. Moreover, what is true for the motorcycle is also true for the rider: good performance
depends on being in good shape. Riding under the influence of medication, drugs and alcohol is, of
course, out of the question. Motorcycle riders - more than car drivers - must always be at their mental
and physical best. Under the influence of even small amounts of alcohol, there is a tendency to take
dangerous risks.
Protective clothing is as essential for the motorcycle rider as seat belts are for car drivers and
passengers. Always wear a complete motorcycle suit (whether made of leather or tear-resistant
synthetic materials with protectors), sturdy boots, motorcycle gloves and a properly fitting helmet.
Optimum protective wear, however, should not encourage carelessness. Though full-coverage
helmets and suits, in particular, create an illusion of total safety and protection, motorcyclists will
always be vulnerable. Riders who lack critical self-control run the risk of going too fast and are apt to
take chances. This is even more dangerous in wet weather. The good motorcyclist rides safely,
predictably and defensively - avoiding all dangers, including those caused by others.
Enjoy your ride!
Give safety the right of way
1-1
E_4tx_DescriptionTOC.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:35 AM
DESCRIPTION
Left view ............................................................................................. 2-1
Right view........................................................................................... 2-2
Controls/Instruments .......................................................................... 2-3
2
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DESCRIPTION
EAU00026
2-
Left view
2
1. Coolant reservoir tank
2. Helmet holder
3. Seat lock
4. Rear shock absorber spring preload
adjusting nut (for fine adjustment)
5. Rear shock absorber damping force
adjusting knob
(page 6-10)
(page 3-13)
(page 3-12)
(page 3-15)
(page 3-16)
2-1
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DESCRIPTION
Right view
2
6. Luggage strap holders
7. Rear shock absorber spring preload adjusting lever
(for coarse adjustment)
8. Fuses
9. Engine oil level check window
10. Front fork spring preload adjusting bolt
11. Front fork damping force adjusting screw
(page 3-17)
(page 3-15)
(page 6-29)
(page 6-8)
(page 3-14)
(page 3-14)
2-2
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DESCRIPTION
Controls/Instruments
2
12. Clutch lever
13. Handlebar switches
14. Starter (choke) “ ”
15. Speedometer
16. Main switch/steering lock
17. Tachometer
18. Fuel gauge
19. Throttle grip
20. Front brake lever
(page 3-8)
(page 3-6)
(page 3-7)
(page 3-3)
(page 3-1)
2-3
(page 3-4)
(page 3-5)
(page 6-16)
(page 3-9)
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Main switch/steering lock ......................................3-1
Indicator lights ......................................................3-2
Speedometer ........................................................3-3
Tachometer ...........................................................3-4
Diagnosis device...................................................3-5
Antitheft alarm (optional) ......................................3-5
Fuel gauge............................................................3-5
Handlebar switches ..............................................3-6
Starter (choke) “ ”..............................................3-7
Clutch lever ...........................................................3-8
Shift pedal.............................................................3-8
Front brake lever ...................................................3-9
Rear brake pedal.................................................. 3-9
Fuel tank cap ..................................................... 3-10
Fuel .................................................................... 3-11
Fuel tank breather hose (for Germany only) ...... 3-12
Seat.................................................................... 3-12
Helmet holder..................................................... 3-13
Storage compartment ........................................ 3-13
Front fork adjustment ......................................... 3-14
Rear shock absorber adjustment ....................... 3-15
Luggage strap holders ....................................... 3-17
Sidestand ........................................................... 3-17
Sidestand/clutch switch operation check............ 3-17
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00027
3-
3
EAU00029*
Main switch/steering lock
The main switch controls the ignition
and lighting systems. Its operation is
described below.
EAU00036
ON
Electrical circuits are switched on. The
engine can be started. The key cannot
be removed in this position.
EAU00040
LOCK
The steering is locked in this position
and all electrical circuits are switched
off. The key can be removed in this position.
To lock the steering, turn the handlebars all the way to the left. While pushing the key into the main switch, turn it
from “OFF” to “LOCK” and remove it.
To release the lock, turn the key to
“OFF” while pushing.
EAU00038
OFF
All electrical circuits are switched off.
The key can be removed in this position.
3-1
1. Push
2. Turn
EW000016
WARNING
Never turn the key to “OFF” or
“LOCK” when the motorcycle is
moving. The electrical circuits will
be switched off which may result in
loss of control or an accident. Be
sure the motorcycle is stopped before turning the key to “OFF” or
“LOCK”.
@
@
E_4tx_Functions.fm Page 2 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:36 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00063
High beam indicator light “
”
This indicator comes on when the
headlight high beam is used.
EAU01707
EAU00048
(Parking)
The steering is locked in this position,
and the taillight and auxiliary light come
on but all other circuits are off. The key
can be removed in this position.
To use the parking position, first lock
the steering, then turn the key to “ ”.
Do not use this position for an extended length of time as the battery may
discharge.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Left turn indicator light “
”
Neutral indicator light “ ”
High beam indicator light “
”
Coolant temperature indicator light “
Right turn indicator light “
”
Fuel indicator light “ ”
”
EAU00056
Indicator lights
EAU00058
Turn indicator lights “
”/“
”
The corresponding indicator flashes
when the turn switch is moved to the
left or right.
Coolant temperature indicator light
“
”
This indicator light comes on when the
engine overheats. If the light comes on,
stop the engine immediately and allow
the engine to cool. To check that the indicator light is working properly:
● Turn the engine stop switch to
“ ” and the main switch to “ON”.
● Put the transmission in neutral or
apply the clutch lever.
● Push the start switch.
If the indicator light does not come on
while pushing the start switch, have a
Yamaha dealer inspect the electrical
circuit.
EAU00061
Neutral indicator light “ ”
This indicator comes on when the
transmission is in neutral.
EC000002
CAUTION:
When the engine is overheated, do
not continue riding.
@
@
3-2
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU01666
3
Fuel indicator light “ ”
When the fuel level drops below approximately 3,1 L, this light will come
on. When this light comes on, fill the
tank at the first opportunity.
To check that the indicator light is working properly:
● Turn the engine stop switch to
“ ” and the main switch to “ON”.
● Put the transmission in neutral or
apply the clutch lever.
● Push the start switch.
If the indicator light does not come on
while pushing the start switch, have a
Yamaha dealer inspect the electrical
circuit.
1. “SELECT” button
2. “RESET” button
EAU01667*
Speedometer
This speedometer is equipped with:
● an odometer
● two trip odometers
● a clock
3-3
Odometer and trip meter modes
Use the trip meters to estimate how far
you can ride on a tank of fuel.
When set to “ODO”, the motorcycle’s
total mileage is indicated.
When set to “TRIP 1” or “TRIP 2”, the
motorcycle’s mileage since the trip
meter was last reset is indicated. Use
the trip meter to estimate how far you
can ride on a tank of fuel. This information will enable you to plan fuel stops in
the future.
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Selecting a mode
Push the “SELECT” button to change
between the odometer mode “ODO”
and the trip odometer modes “TRIP 1”,
“TRIP 2” and “CLOCK” in the following
order:
“ODO” → “TRIP 1” → “TRIP 2” →
“CLOCK” → “ODO”
Resetting a trip meter
To reset a trip odometer to 0.0, select it
by pushing the “SELECT” button and
push the “RESET” button for at least
one second.
Clock mode
To change the display to the clock
mode, push both the “SELECT” and
“RESET” buttons.
To change the display back to the
odometer mode, push the “SELECT”
button.
To set the clock
1. Push both the “SELECT” and
“RESET” buttons for at least two
seconds.
2. When the hour digits start flashing,
push the “RESET” button to set
the hours.
3. Push the “SELECT” button to
change the minutes.
4. When the minute digits start flashing, push the “RESET” button to
set the minutes.
5. Push the “SELECT” button to start
the clock.
NOTE:
After setting the clock, be sure to push
the “SELECT” button before turning the
main switch to “OFF”, otherwise the
clock will not be set.
3
1. Tachometer
EAU00101
Tachometer
This model is equipped with an electric
tachometer so the rider can monitor the
engine speed and keep it within the
ideal power range.
@
@
EC000003
CAUTION:
Do not operate in the red zone.
Red zone: 8,000 r/min and above
@
@
3-4
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00103
3
EAU00109
Diagnosis device
Antitheft alarm (optional)
This model is equipped with a diagnosis device for the Throttle Position Sensor (T.P.S.) circuit.
If some trouble should occur in the circuit, the tachometer will repeatedly display as follows:
An antitheft alarm can be equipped to
this motorcycle. Consult your Yamaha
dealer to obtain and install the alarm.
CB-61E
0 r/min for
3 seconds.
3,000 r/min
for 2.5 seconds.
Current engine r/min for
3 seconds.
1. Fuel gauge
EAU00110
Fuel gauge
This model is equipped with an electric
fuel gauge so the rider can monitor the
fuel level in the fuel tank. When the
needle indicates “E” (Empty), about
3.1 L remain in the fuel tank.
If the tachometer displays as described
above, take your motorcycle to a
Yamaha dealer for repair.
EC000004
CAUTION:
To prevent engine damage, be sure
to consult a Yamaha dealer as soon
as possible if the tachometer displays a repeated change in r/min.
@
@
3-5
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Pass switch “PASS”
Dimmer switch
Turn signal switch
Horn switch “
”
Hazard switch “
”
EAU00127
EAU00144
Turn signal switch
To signal a right-hand turn, push the
switch to “
”. To signal a left-hand
turn, push the switch to “
”. Once the
switch is released it will return to the
center position. To cancel the signal,
push the switch in after it has returned
to the center position.
Hazard switch “ ”
The hazard switch should be turned on
under emergency or hazardous conditions. All turn signal lights will flash simultaneously when this switch is
turned on with the main switch in the
“ON” or “ ” position.
EC000006
CAUTION:
The battery can discharge from extended use, making it difficult to operate the starter.
@
EAU00129
Horn switch “
”
Press the switch to sound the horn.
@
EAU00118
NOTE:
Turn on the hazard switch to warn other drivers if your motorcycle must be
stopped where it might be a traffic hazard.
Handlebar switches
@
EAU00120
Pass switch “PASS”
Press the switch to operate the passing
light.
@
EAU00121
Dimmer switch
Turn the switch to “
” for the high
beam and to “
” for the low beam.
3-6
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00143
Start switch “
”
The starter motor cranks the engine
when pushing the start switch.
EC000005
CAUTION:
See starting instructions prior to
starting the engine.
@
3
@
1. Engine stop switch
2. Lights switch
3. Start switch “
”
1. Starter (choke) “
”
EAU02976
Starter (choke) “
EAU00138
”
Starting a cold engine requires a richer
air-fuel mixture. A separate starter circuit supplies this mixture.
Move in direction a to turn on the
starter (choke).
Move in direction b to turn off the
starter (choke).
Engine stop switch
The engine stop switch is a safety device for use in an emergency such as
when the motorcycle overturns or if
trouble occurs in the throttle system.
Turn the switch to “ ” to start the engine. In case of emergency, turn the
switch to “ ” to stop the engine.
EAU00134*
Lights switch
Turning the light switch to “
”,
turns on the auxiliary light, meter lights
and taillight. Turning the light switch to
“
”, turns the headlight on also.
3-7
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. Clutch lever
1. Shift pedal
EAU00152
EAU00157
Clutch lever
Shift pedal
The clutch lever is located on the left
handlebar, and the ignition circuit cutoff system is incorporated in the clutch
lever holder. Pull the clutch lever to the
handlebar to disengage the clutch, and
release the lever to engage the clutch.
The lever should be pulled rapidly and
released slowly for smooth clutch operation. (Refer to the engine starting procedures for a description of the ignition
circuit cut-off system.)
This motorcycle is equipped with a constant-mesh 5-speed transmission.
The shift pedal is located on the left
side of the engine and is used in combination with the clutch when shifting.
3-8
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. Brake lever position adjuster
a. Lever distance
EAU00160
Front brake lever
The front brake lever is located on the
right handlebar and is equipped with a
position adjuster.
To activate the front brake, pull the lever toward the handlebar.
1. Adjusting nut
2. Proper position
1. Rear brake pedal
To adjust the front brake lever position,
turn the adjusting nut while pulling the
lever forward. Make sure the mark “ ”
on the adjusting nut is aligned with the
mark “ ” on the lever.
Rear brake pedal
EAU00162
3-9
The rear brake pedal is on the right
side of the motorcycle. Press down on
the brake pedal to apply the rear brake.
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
NOTE:
This tank cap cannot be closed unless
the key is in the lock. The key cannot
be removed if the cap is not locked
properly.
@
@
EW000023
WARNING
Be sure the cap is properly installed
and locked in place before riding the
motorcycle.
@
1. Lock cover
2. Open
@
EAU02935
Fuel tank cap
To open
Open the lock cover. Insert the key and
turn it 1/4 turn clockwise. The lock will
be released and the cap can be
opened.
To close
Push the tank cap into position with the
key inserted. To remove the key, turn it
counterclockwise to the original position. Then, close the lock cover.
3-10
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00186
NOTE:
If knocking or pinging occurs, use a different brand of gasoline or higher octane grade.
@
@
3
1. Filler tube
2. Fuel level
EAU01183
Fuel
Make sure there is sufficient fuel in the
tank. Fill the fuel tank to the bottom of
the filler tube as shown in the illustration.
EW000130
WARNING
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Avoid
spilling fuel on the hot engine. Do
not fill the fuel tank above the bottom of the filler tube or it may overflow when the fuel heats up later and
expands.
@
CAUTION:
● Always wipe off spilled fuel immediately with a dry and clean
soft cloth. Fuel may deteriorate
painted surfaces or plastic
parts.
● (For Germany only)
The fuel tank cap equipped on
German models is specially designed. Always use the correct
cap whenever replacement is
necessary.
@
EAU00191
Recommended fuel:
Regular unleaded gasoline with a
research octane number of 91 or
higher.
Fuel tank capacity:
Total:
20 L
Reserve:
3.1 L
@
3-11
@
E_4tx_Functions.fm Page 12 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:36 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. Fuel tank breather hose
1. Open
EAU00196
Fuel tank breather hose
(for Germany only)
This model is equipped with a fuel tank
breather hose. Before using this motorcycle, be sure to:
● Check hose connection.
● Check hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if damaged.
● Make sure the end of the hose is
not blocked. Clean it if necessary.
EAU01726
Seat
To remove
Insert the key in the lock and turn it
clockwise.
1. Projection (× 2)
2. Seat holder (× 2)
To install
Insert the projections on the front of the
seat into the seat holders. Then push
down on the seat.
NOTE:
Make sure that the seat is securely fitted.
@
@
3-12
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. Helmet holder
EAU00263
Helmet holder
1. U-LOCK (optional)
2. Strap (× 2)
EAU01688
The helmet holder is under the seat.
Remove the seat and hook the helmet
on the helmet holder. Then, reinstall
the seat and lock it.
EW000030
WARNING
Never ride with a helmet in the helmet holder. The helmet may hit objects, causing loss of control and
possibly an accident.
@
1. U-LOCK (optional)
2. Strap
Storage compartment
This compartment is designed to store
a genuine Yamaha U-LOCK. (Other
locks may not fit.)
Be sure the lock is fastened securely
with the straps when storing it in the
compartment.
To prevent losing the straps, be sure to
secure them even when a U-LOCK is
not being stored in the compartment.
@
3-13
When storing this Owner’s manual or
other documents in the compartment,
be sure to put them in a vinyl bag so
they do not get wet. When washing the
motorcycle, be careful not to flood this
compartment with water.
E_4tx_Functions.fm Page 14 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:36 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Adjusting spring preload
Turn the adjusting bolt in direction a to increase spring preload and in direction b
to decrease spring preload.
CI-18E
Soft
Adjusting
position
1
Standard
2
3
Hard
4
5
3
1. Spring preload adjusting bolt
2. Adjusting position
3. Standard setting
1. Damping force adjusting screw
Adjusting damping force
Turn the adjusting screw in direction a
to increase damping force and in direction b to decrease damping force.
EAU01728
Front fork adjustment
The front fork is equipped with spring
preload and damping force adjusters.
CI-29E
EW000038
WARNING
Always adjust each fork leg to the
same setting. Uneven adjustment
can cause poor handling and loss of
stability.
@
Minimum (soft)
5 clicks out*
Standard
4 clicks out*
Maximum (hard)
0 click out*
* From the fully turned-in position
EC000015
CAUTION:
Never attempt to turn an adjuster
beyond the maximum or minimum
setting.
@
@
@
3-14
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. Adjusting lever
EAU01768*
Rear shock absorber
adjustment
This shock absorber is equipped with
two spring preload adjusters and one
damping force adjuster.
Spring preload
Coarse adjustment (top)
Use the special tool in the owner’s tool
kit to turn the lever to “S” when riding
solo and to “H” when riding with a passenger.
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting nut
a. Distance “A”
Fine adjustment (bottom)
Proceed as follows to suit road conditions and the rider’s preference.
1. Loosen the locknut.
2. Turn the adjusting nut in direction a
to increase spring preload and in direction b to decrease spring preload.
3-15
Spring preload:
Minimum (soft):
Distance “A” = 59 mm
Standard:
Distance “A” = 61 mm
Maximum (hard):
Distance “A” = 63 mm
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3. Tighten the locknut to the specified torque.
EAU00315
@
Tightening torque:
Locknut:
70 Nm (7.0 m·kg)
EC000018
CAUTION:
Always tighten the locknut against
the spring adjusting nut and tighten
the locknut to the specified torque.
@
@
WARNING
This shock absorber contains highly pressurized nitrogen gas. Read
and understand the following information before handling the shock
absorber. The manufacturer cannot
be held responsible for property
damage or personal injury that may
result from improper handling.
● Do not tamper with or attempt to
open the cylinder assembly.
● Do not subject the shock absorber to an open flame or other
high heat source. This may
cause the unit to explode due to
excessive gas pressure.
● Do not deform or damage the
cylinder in any way. Cylinder
damage will result in poor
damping performance.
● Take your shock absorber to a
Yamaha dealer for any service.
1. Adjusting knob
Damping force adjustment
Turn the adjusting knob in direction a
to increase damping force and in direction b to decrease damping force.
CI-29E
Minimum (soft)
20 clicks out*
Standard
10 clicks out*
Maximum (hard)
0 click out*
* From the fully turned-in position
EC000015
CAUTION:
Never attempt to turn an adjuster
beyond the maximum or minimum
setting.
@
@
@
3-16
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00330
Sidestand
This model is equipped with an ignition
circuit cut-off system. The motorcycle
must not be ridden when the sidestand
is down. The sidestand is located on
the left side of the frame. (Refer to
page 5-1 for an explanation of this system.)
3
EW000044
1. Luggage strap holder (× 4)
EAU00324
Luggage strap holders
There are four luggage strap holders
below the passenger seat, two of which
can be turned outward for easier access.
WARNING
This motorcycle must not be operated with the sidestand in the down
position. If the stand is not properly
retracted, it could contact the
ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss of control.
Yamaha has designed into this
motorcycle a lockout system to assist the operator in fulfilling the responsibility of retracting the
sidestand. Please check carefully
the operating instructions listed below and if there is any indication of a
malfunction, return the motorcycle
to a Yamaha dealer immediately for
repair.
EAU00331
Sidestand/clutch switch
operation check
Check the operation of the sidestand
switch and clutch switch against the information below.
CD-11E
TURN THE MAIN SWITCH TO “ON”
AND THE ENGINE STOP SWITCH TO
“
”.
@
@
3-17
TRANSMISSION IS IN GEAR AND
SIDESTAND IS UP.
PULL IN CLUTCH LEVER AND
PUSH THE START SWITCH.
ENGINE WILL START.
CLUTCH SWITCH IS OK.
E_4tx_Functions.fm Page 18 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:36 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
CD-11E
SIDESTAND IS DOWN.
ENGINE WILL STALL.
SIDESTAND SWITCH IS OK.
3
EW000045
WARNING
If improper operation is noted, consult a Yamaha dealer immediately.
@
@
3-18
E_4tx_Functions.fm Page 19 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:36 AM
E_4tx_PreopTOC.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:36 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
Pre-operation check list...................................................................... 4-1
4
E_4tx_Preop.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:36 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU01114
4-
Owners are personally responsible for their vehicle’s condition. Your motorcycle’s vital functions can start to deteriorate
quickly and unexpectedly, even if it remains unused (for instance, if it is exposed to the elements). Any damage, fluid leak or
loss of tire pressure could have serious consequences. Therefore, it is very important that, in addition to a thorough visual inspection, you check the following points before each ride.
EAU00340
PRE-OPERATION CHECK LIST
ITEM
4
CHECKS
PAGE
Front brake
• Check operation, fluid level and brake fluid leakage.
• Fill with DOT 4 brake fluid if necessary.
Rear brake
• Check operation, fluid level and brake fluid leakage.
• Fill with DOT 4 brake fluid if necessary.
Clutch
• Check operation, condition and free play.
• Adjust if necessary.
Throttle grip and housing
• Check for smooth operation.
• Lubricate if necessary.
6-16, 6-25
Engine oil
• Check oil level.
• Fill with oil if necessary.
6-8 ~ 6-10
Coolant reservoir tank
• Check coolant level.
• Fill with coolant if necessary.
Drive chain
• Check chain slack and condition.
• Adjust if necessary.
Wheels and tires
• Check tire pressure, wear and damage.
Control and meter cables
• Check for smooth operation.
• Lubricate if necessary.
6-24 ~ 6-25
Brake and shift pedal
shafts
• Check for smooth operation.
• Lubricate if necessary.
6-25
3-9, 6-20 ~ 6-23
3-8, 6-19 ~ 6-20
6-10
4-1
6-23 ~ 6-24
6-17 ~ 6-19, 6-28
E_4tx_Preop.fm Page 2 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:36 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Brake and clutch lever
pivots
• Check for smooth operation.
• Lubricate if necessary.
6-25
Sidestand pivot
• Check for smooth operation.
• Lubricate if necessary.
6-26
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
Lights, signals and
switches
• Check for proper operation.
Fuel
• Check fuel level.
• Fill with fuel if necessary.
—
6-30 ~ 6-32
3-11
NOTE:
Pre-operation checks should be made each time the motorcycle is used. Such an inspection can be thoroughly accomplished in a very short time; and the added safety it assures is more than worth the time involved.
WARNING
If any item in the PRE-OPERATION CHECK is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating
the motorcycle.
4-2
4
E_4tx_Preop.fm Page 3 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:36 AM
E_4tx_OperationTOC.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
Starting the engine............................................................................. 5-1
Starting a warm engine ...................................................................... 5-4
Shifting ............................................................................................... 5-4
Tips for reducing fuel consumption .................................................... 5-5
Engine break-in .................................................................................. 5-5
Parking ............................................................................................... 5-6
5
E_4tx_Operation.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
5-
EAU00373
@
5
WARNING
● Before riding this motorcycle,
become thoroughly familiar
with all operating controls and
their functions. Consult a
Yamaha dealer regarding any
control or function that you do
not thoroughly understand.
● Never start your engine or let it
run for any length of time in a
closed area. The exhaust fumes
are poisonous and can cause
loss of consciousness and
death within a short time. Always operate your motorcycle
in an area with adequate ventilation.
● Before starting out, always be
sure the sidestand is up. Failure
to retract the sidestand completely can result in a serious
accident when you try to turn a
corner.
EAU01665*
Starting the engine
NOTE:
This motorcycle is equipped with an ignition circuit cut-off system. The engine
can be started only under one of the
following conditions:
● The transmission is in neutral.
● The sidestand is up, the transmission is in gear and the clutch is disengaged.
The motorcycle must not be ridden
when the sidestand is down.
@
@
EW000054
WARNING
Before going through the following
steps, check the function of the
sidestand switch and clutch switch.
(Refer to page 3-17.)
@
@
@
5-1
EAU00372
E_4tx_Operation.fm Page 2 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
CF-28E
TURN THE MAIN SWITCH TO “ON” AND THE
ENGINE STOP SWITCH TO “
”.
IF TRANSMISSION IS IN NEUTRAL AND
SIDESTAND IS DOWN,
IF TRANSMISSION IS IN GEAR AND
SIDESTAND IS UP,
PUSH THE START SWITCH.
ENGINE WILL START.
PULL IN THE CLUTCH LEVER AND PUSH THE
START SWITCH. ENGINE WILL START.
5
RETRACT THE SIDESTAND AND PUT
TRANSMISSION IN GEAR.
MOTORCYCLE CAN BE RIDDEN.
MOTORCYCLE CAN BE RIDDEN.
5-2
E_4tx_Operation.fm Page 3 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
1. Turn the main switch to “ON” and
the engine stop switch to “ ”.
EC000035
CAUTION:
If the fuel indicator light comes on,
check the fuel level. If necessary, fill
the tank with fuel.
@
NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release the
start switch, wait a few seconds, then
try again. Each attempt should be as
short as possible to preserve the battery. Do not crank the engine more
than 10 seconds on any one attempt.
@
@
@
ECA00022
2. Shift the transmission into neutral.
NOTE:
When the transmission is in neutral, the
neutral indicator light should be on. If
the light does not come on, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect it.
@
5
@
3. Turn on the starter (choke) and
completely close the throttle grip.
4. Start the engine by pushing the
start switch.
CAUTION:
The coolant temperature indicator
light and the fuel indicator light
should come on when the start
switch is pushed and should go off
when the start switch is released. If
the coolant temperature indicator
light remains on, immediately stop
the engine and have a Yamaha dealer check the monitoring circuits. If
the fuel indicator light remains on,
add sufficient fuel.
@
5. After starting the engine, move the
starter (choke) to the halfway position.
NOTE:
For maximum engine life, never accelerate hard with a cold engine!
@
@
6. After the engine is warm, turn off
the starter (choke) completely.
NOTE:
The engine is warm when it responds
normally to the throttle with the starter
(choke) turned off.
@
@
@
5-3
E_4tx_Operation.fm Page 4 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU01258
EC000048
Starting a warm engine
@
The starter (choke) is not required
when the engine is warm.
EC000046
CAUTION:
See the “Engine break-in” section
prior to operating the motorcycle for
the first time.
@
@
1. Shift pedal
N. Neutral
EAU00423
Shifting
The transmission lets you control the
amount of power you have available at
a given speed for starting, accelerating,
climbing hills, etc. The use of the shift
pedal is shown in the illustration.
To shift into neutral, depress the shift
pedal repeatedly until it reaches the
end of its travel, then raise the pedal
slightly.
5-4
@
CAUTION:
● Do not coast for long periods
with the engine off, and do not
tow the motorcycle a long distance. Even with gears in neutral, the transmission is only
properly lubricated when the
engine is running. Inadequate
lubrication may damage the
transmission.
● Always use the clutch when
changing gears. The engine,
transmission, and driveline are
not designed to withstand the
shock of forced shifting and can
be damaged by shifting without
using the clutch.
5
E_4tx_Operation.fm Page 5 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU00424
Tips for reducing fuel
consumption
5
Your motorcycle’s fuel consumption
depends to a large extent on your
riding style. The following tips can help
reduce fuel consumption:
● Warm up the engine before riding.
● Turn off the starter (choke) as
soon as possible.
● Shift up swiftly and avoid high engine speeds during acceleration.
● Do not double-clutch or rev the engine while shifting down and avoid
high engine speeds with no load
on the engine.
● Turn off the engine instead of letting it idle for an extended length
of time, i.e. in traffic jams, at traffic
lights or railroad crossings.
EAU00436
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period
in the life of your motorcycle than the
period between zero and 1,000 km. For
this reason we ask that you carefully
read the following material. Because
the engine is brand new, you must not
put an excessive load on it for the first
1,000 km. The various parts in the engine wear and polish themselves to the
correct operating clearances. During
this period, prolonged full throttle operation, or any condition which might result in excessive heating of the engine,
must be avoided.
EAU00440
0 ~ 150 km
Avoid operation above 5,000 r/min.
Stop the engine and let it cool for 5 to
10 minutes after every hour of operation. Vary the speed of the motorcycle
from time to time. Do not operate it at
one set throttle position.
150 ~ 500 km
Avoid prolonged operation above
6,000 r/min. Rev the motorcycle freely
through the gears, but do not use full
throttle at any time.
500 ~ 1,000 km
Avoid prolonged full throttle operation.
Avoid cruising speeds in excess of
7,000 r/min.
EC000052
CAUTION:
After 1,000 km of operation, be sure
to replace the engine oil and oil filter.
@
@
5-5
E_4tx_Operation.fm Page 6 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
1,000 km and beyond
Full throttle can be used.
EAU00457
Parking
EC000053
@
@
CAUTION:
● Never let engine speeds enter
the red zone.
● If any engine trouble should occur during the break-in period,
consult a Yamaha dealer immediately.
When parking the motorcycle, stop the
engine and remove the ignition key.
Turn the fuel cock to “OFF” whenever
stopping the engine.
EW000058
WARNING
The exhaust system is hot. Park the
motorcycle in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to
touch the motorcycle. Do not park
the motorcycle on a slope or soft
ground; the motorcycle may overturn.
@
@
5-6
5
E_4tx_Operation.fm Page 7 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
E_4tx_PeriodicTOC.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Tool kit...................................................................6-1
Periodic maintenance and lubrication...................6-2
Cowling and panel removal and installation..........6-5
Cowlings A and B .................................................6-5
Panels A and B .....................................................6-6
Spark plugs...........................................................6-6
Engine oil ..............................................................6-8
Cooling system ...................................................6-10
Changing the coolant..........................................6-11
Air filter ...............................................................6-13
Carburetor adjustment ........................................6-15
Idle speed adjustment ........................................6-15
Throttle cable free play inspection ......................6-16
Valve clearance adjustment ................................6-16
Tires....................................................................6-17
Clutch lever free play adjustment........................6-19
Rear brake pedal height adjustment...................6-20
Brake light switch adjustment .............................6-21
Checking the front and rear brake pads..............6-21
Inspecting the brake fluid level............................6-22
Brake fluid replacement ......................................6-23
Drive chain slack check...................................... 6-23
Drive chain slack adjustment ............................. 6-23
Drive chain lubrication........................................ 6-24
Cable inspection and lubrication ........................ 6-24
Throttle cable and grip lubrication ...................... 6-25
Brake and shift pedal lubrication ........................ 6-25
Brake and clutch lever lubrication ...................... 6-25
Sidestand lubrication.......................................... 6-26
Rear suspension lubrication............................... 6-26
Front fork inspection........................................... 6-27
Steering inspection ............................................ 6-27
Wheel bearings .................................................. 6-28
Battery................................................................ 6-28
Fuse replacement .............................................. 6-29
Headlight bulb replacement ............................... 6-30
Tail/brake light bulb replacement........................ 6-31
Turn signal light bulb replacement...................... 6-32
Troubleshooting.................................................. 6-32
Troubleshooting chart......................................... 6-33
Engine overheating ............................................ 6-34
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00462
6-
EAU00464
6
Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your motorcycle in
the safest and most efficient condition
possible. Safety is an obligation of the
motorcycle owner. The maintenance
and lubrication schedule chart should
be considered strictly as a guide to
general maintenance and lubrication
intervals. YOU MUST TAKE INTO
CONSIDERATION THAT WEATHER,
TERRAIN, GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATIONS, AND A VARIETY OF INDIVIDUAL USES ALL TEND TO DEMAND
THAT EACH OWNER ALTER THIS
TIME SCHEDULE TO SHORTER INTERVALS TO MATCH THE ENVIRONMENT. The most important points
of motorcycle inspection, adjustment,
and lubrication are explained in the following pages.
EW000060
WARNING
If you are not familiar with motorcycle service, this work should be
done by a Yamaha dealer.
@
@
NOTE:
If you do not have necessary tools required during a service operation, take
your motorcycle to a Yamaha dealer for
service.
@
@
EW000063
WARNING
Modifications to this motorcycle not
approved by Yamaha may cause
loss of performance, and render it
unsafe for use. Consult a Yamaha
dealer before attempting any changes.
@
1. Tool kit
EAU01299
Tool kit
The tool kit is located inside the storage
compartment under the seat. (See
page 3-12 for seat opening procedures.) The tools provided in the owner’s tool kit are to assist you in the
performance of periodic maintenance.
However, some other tools such as a
torque wrench are also necessary to
perform the maintenance correctly.
The service information included in this
manual is intended to provide you, the
owner, with the necessary information
for completing some of your own preventive maintenance and minor repairs.
6-1
@
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 2 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00473
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
CP-01E
EVERY
NO.
ITEM
CHECKS AND MAINTENANCE JOBS
Fuel line
• Check fuel hoses for cracks or damage.
• Replace if necessary.
Fuel filter
• Check condition.
• Replace if necessary.
Spark plugs
• Check condition.
• Clean, regap or replace if necessary.
Valves
• Check valve clearance.
• Adjust if necessary.
Air filter
• Clean or replace if necessary.
Clutch
• Check operation.
• Adjust or replace cable.
*
8
1
2
*
*
3
4
*
INITIAL
(1,000 km)
6,000 km
or
6 months
(whichever
comes first)
12,000 km
or
12 months
(whichever
comes first)
√
√
√
√
√
√
Every 42,000 km or 42 months
(whichever comes first)
√
√
√
√
√
Front brake
• Check operation, fluid level and vehicle for fluid leakage.
(See NOTE on page 6-4.)
• Correct accordingly.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.
√
√
√
*
Rear brake
• Check operation, fluid level and vehicle for fluid leakage.
(See NOTE on page 6-4.)
• Correct accordingly.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.
√
√
√
9
*
Wheels
• Check balance, runout and for damage.
• Rebalance or replace if necessary.
√
√
10
*
Tires
•
•
•
•
√
√
11
*
Wheel bearings
• Check bearing for looseness or damage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
5
6
7
Check tread depth and for damage.
Replace if necessary.
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
6-2
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 3 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EVERY
NO.
12
*
13
6
ITEM
CHECKS AND MAINTENANCE JOBS
Swingarm
• Check swingarm pivoting point for play.
• Correct if necessary.
• Lubricate with molybdenum disulfide grease every 24,000 km
or 24 months (whichever comes first).
Drive chain
• Check chain slack.
• Adjust if necessary. Make sure that the rear wheel is properly aligned.
• Clean and lubricate.
INITIAL
(1,000 km)
6,000 km
or
6 months
(whichever
comes first)
12,000 km
or
12 months
(whichever
comes first)
√
√
Every 500 km and after washing the
motorcycle or riding in the rain
14
*
Steering bearings
• Check bearing play and steering for roughness.
• Correct accordingly.
• Lubricate with lithium soap base grease every 24,000 km
or 24 months (whichever comes first).
√
√
15
*
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
√
√
Sidestand
• Check operation.
• Lubricate and repair if necessary.
√
√
√
√
16
17
*
Sidestand switch
• Check operation.
• Replace if necessary.
18
*
Front fork
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Correct accordingly.
√
√
19
*
Rear shock absorber
assembly
• Check operation and shock absorber for oil leakage.
• Replace shock absorber assembly if necessary.
√
√
20
*
Rear shock absorber
assembly pivoting points
• Check operation.
• Lubricate with molybdenum disulfide grease every 24,000 km
or 24 months (whichever comes first).
√
√
21
*
Carburetors
• Check engine idling speed, synchronization and starter operation.
• Adjust if necessary.
√
√
√
22
Engine oil
• Check oil level and vehicle for oil leakage.
• Correct if necessary.
• Change. (Warm engine before draining.)
√
√
√
23
Engine oil filter element
• Replace.
√
√
6-3
√
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 4 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EVERY
NO.
24
*
ITEM
Cooling system
CHECKS AND MAINTENANCE JOBS
INITIAL
(1,000 km)
• Check coolant level and vehicle for coolant leakage.
• Correct if necessary.
• Change coolant every 24,000 km or 24 months (whichever comes first).
6,000 km
or
6 months
(whichever
comes first)
12,000 km
or
12 months
(whichever
comes first)
√
√
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, they should be serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
EAU02970*
NOTE:
● The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
● Hydraulic brake system
• When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper cylinder, always replace the brake fluid. Check the brake fluid level
regularly and fill as required.
• Replace the oil seals on the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper cylinder every two years.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years or if cracked or damaged.
@
@
6-4
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 5 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Cowling A
2. Panel A
1. Cowling B
2. Panel B
1. Screw (× 3)
EAU00484*
Cowlings A and B
EAU01139
Cowling and panel removal
and installation
6
To remove
Remove the screws and pull outward
as shown.
The cowlings and panels illustrated
need to be removed to perform some
of the maintenance described in this
chapter. Refer to this section each time
a cowling or panel has to be removed
or reinstalled.
To install
Place the cowlings in the original position and install the screws.
6-5
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 6 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Screw
1. Spark plug cap
1. Spark plug wrench
EAU01691*
EAU01668*
Panels A and B
Spark plugs
To remove
1. Remove the seat. (See page 3-12
for removal and installation procedures.)
2. Remove the screw.
Removal
1. Remove cowlings A and B. (See
page 6-5 for removal and installation procedures.)
2. Remove the spark plug caps.
3. Use the spark plug wrench in the
tool kit to remove the spark plugs
as shown.
To install
1. Place the panels in the original position and install the screw.
2. Install the seat.
6-6
Inspection
The spark plug is an important engine
component and is easy to inspect. The
condition of the spark plug can indicate
the condition of the engine.
Normally, all spark plugs from the
same engine should have the same
color on the white insulator around the
center electrode. The ideal color at this
point is a medium-to-light tan color for a
motorcycle that is being ridden normally. If one spark plug shows a distinctly
different color, there could be something wrong with the engine.
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 7 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Do not attempt to diagnose such problems yourself. Instead, take the motorcycle to a Yamaha dealer. You should
periodically remove and inspect the
spark plugs because heat and deposits
will cause any spark plug to slowly
break down and erode. If electrode erosion becomes excessive, or if carbon
and other deposits are excessive, you
should replace the spark plug with the
specified plug.
6
Specified spark plug:
DPR8EA-9 (NGK) or
X24EPR-U9 (DENSO)
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
18 Nm (1.8 m·kg)
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available when
you are installing a spark plug, a good
estimate of the correct torque is 1/4 to
1/2 turn past finger tight. Have the
spark plug tightened to the specified
torque as soon as possible.
@
a. Spark plug gap
Installation
1. Measure the electrode gap with a
wire thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust the gap to specification.
Spark plug gap:
0.8 ~ 0.9 mm
2. Clean the gasket surface. Wipe off
any grime from the threads.
3. Install the spark plugs and tighten
them to the specified torque.
6-7
@
4. Install the spark plug caps.
5. Install the cowling.
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 8 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Oil level window
2. Minimum level mark
3. Maximum level mark
EAU01692
Engine oil
Oil level inspection
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
place. Warm up the engine at idle
for 15 minutes.
NOTE:
Be sure the motorcycle is positioned
straight up when checking the oil level.
A slight tilt toward the side can result in
false readings.
@
1. Engine oil drain bolt a
1. Engine oil filler cap
2. The oil tank is located behind the
engine cylinders. With the engine
stopped, check the oil level
through the level window located
on the right side of the oil tank.
3. The oil level should be between
the maximum and minimum
marks. If the level is low, fill engine
with sufficient oil to raise it to the
specified level.
@
6-8
Engine oil and oil filter element replacement
1. Warm up the engine for a few minutes.
2. Stop the engine. Place an oil pan
under the engine and remove the
oil filler cap.
3. Remove the drain bolts and drain
the oil.
4. Remove the oil filter cover bolts
and oil filter.
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 9 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Engine oil drain bolt b
2. Oil filter cover bolt (× 5)
3. Oil filter cover
1. Oil filter
2. O-ring (× 2)
EC000066
Tightening torque:
Oil filter cover bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kg)
5. Install the drain bolts and tighten
them to the specified torque.
6
Tightening torque:
Drain bolt a:
35 Nm (3.5 m·kg)
Drain bolt b:
30 Nm (3.0 m·kg)
6. Install the new oil filter, O-rings
and the filter cover. Tighten the oil
filter cover bolts to the specified
torque.
Recommended oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
Total amount:
4.2 L
Periodic oil change:
3.5 L
With oil filter replacement:
3.6 L
@
NOTE:
Make sure the O-rings are seated properly.
@
@
7. Fill engine with oil. Install the oil filler cap and tighten.
6-9
@
CAUTION:
● Do not put in any chemical additives. Engine oil also lubricates
the clutch and additives could
cause clutch slippage.
● Be sure no foreign material enters the crankcase.
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 10 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
8. Start the engine and warm up for a
few minutes. While warming up,
check for oil leakage. If oil leakage
is found, stop the engine immediately and check for the cause.
9. Stop the engine and check the oil
level.
1. Coolant reservoir
2. Maximum level mark
3. Minimum level mark
1. Coolant reservoir cap
Coolant reservoir capacity:
0.3 L
EAU03024*
Cooling system
1. Check the coolant level in the
coolant reservoir when the engine
is cold as the coolant level will vary
with engine temperature. The
coolant level should be between
the maximum and minimum
marks.
2. If the level is low, remove the seat.
(See page 3-12 for seat removal
and installation procedures.)
3. Remove the coolant reservoir cap,
then add coolant or distilled water
to raise it to the specified level.
6-10
4. Install the coolant reservoir cap
and seat.
ECA00041
CAUTION:
Hard water or salt water is harmful
to the engine. You may use soft water if you can’t get distilled water.
@
@
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 11 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
● If water is added, have a Yamaha
dealer check the antifreeze content of the coolant as soon as possible.
● The radiator fan operation is completely automatic. It is switched on
or off according to the coolant temperature in the radiator.
@
@
5. If your motorcycle overheats, see
page 6-34 for details.
1. Radiator cap stopper bolt
2. Radiator cap
1. Water pump drain bolt
2. Cylinder drain bolt
EAU01176*
Changing the coolant
1. Put the motorcycle on a level
place.
2. Remove cowling B. (See page 6-5
for cowling removal and installation procedures.)
3. Place a container under the engine.
4. Remove the radiator cap stopper
bolt and radiator cap.
6
EW000067
WARNING
Do not remove the radiator cap
when the engine is hot.
@
@
6-11
5. Remove the water pump drain bolt
and cylinder drain bolt.
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 12 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
11. Drain the coolant completely and
thoroughly flush the cooling system with clean tap water.
12. If the washers are damaged, replace them. Tighten the water
pump drain bolt and cylinder drain
bolt to the specified torques.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Coolant reservoir
Bolt
Coolant reservoir hose clamp
Hose
6. Remove the seat. (See page 3-12
for seat removal and installation
procedures.)
7. Remove the coolant reservoir by
removing the bolts.
8. Remove the coolant reservoir
hose clamp and disconnect the
hose.
9. Drain the coolant from the coolant
reservoir by turning it upside
down.
10. Install the hose and connect the
coolant reservoir hose clamp.
Tightening torque:
Water pump and cylinder drain
bolts:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kg)
13. Pour the recommended coolant
into the radiator until it is full.
Recommended antifreeze:
High quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion
inhibitors for aluminum engines.
Antifreeze and water mixing ratio:
1:1
Total amount:
1.7 L
Coolant reservoir capacity:
0.3 L
6-12
ECA00041
CAUTION:
Hard water or salt water is harmful
to the engine. You may use soft water if you can’t get distilled water.
@
@
14. Run the engine several minutes.
Stop the engine and recheck the
coolant level in the radiator. If it is
low, add more coolant until it
reaches the top of the radiator.
15. Fill the coolant reservoir with coolant up to maximum level.
16. Install the radiator cap, radiator
cap stopper bolt and coolant reservoir cap.
17. Check for coolant leakage. If any
leakage is found, ask a Yamaha
dealer to inspect the cooling system.
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 13 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Bolt (× 2)
1. Fuel sender coupler
EAU01769*
Air filter
6
The air filter should be cleaned at the
specified intervals. It should be cleaned
more frequently if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
1. Remove the seat. (See page 3-12
for seat removal and installation
procedures.)
2. Remove cowlings A and B and
panels A and B. (See pages 6-5 ~
6-6 for removal and installation
procedures.)
3. Remove the fuel tank holding
bolts.
4. Disconnect the fuel sender coupler.
5. Lift up the rear of the fuel tank
slightly, turn the fuel cock to “OFF”
and disconnect the fuel hose and
breather hose. Then remove the
fuel tank.
6-13
1. Fuel cock
2. Fuel hose
3. Breather hose
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 14 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Air filter case cover
2. Screw (× 3)
1. Air filter
7. Remove the air filter.
8. Tap the air filter lightly to remove
most of the dust and dirt. Blow out
the remaining dirt with compressed air as shown. If the air filter is damaged, replace it.
9. Install by reversing the removal
procedure.
6. Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the screws.
EWA00013
WARNING
Make sure that the fuel hose and
breather hose are properly connected, in place and not pinched. If a
hose is damaged, be sure to replace
it.
@
@
6-14
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 15 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EC000082
@
@
CAUTION:
● Make sure the air filter is properly seated in the air filter case.
● The engine should never be run
without the air filter installed.
Excessive piston and/or cylinder wear may result.
EAU00630
Carburetor adjustment
The carburetors are important parts of
the engine and require very sophisticated adjustment. Most adjustments
should be left to a Yamaha dealer who
has the professional knowledge and
experience to do so. However, the idle
speed may be adjusted by the owner
as part of routine maintenance.
1. Throttle stop screw
EC000095
CAUTION:
The carburetors were set at the
Yamaha factory after many tests. If
they are changed, poor engine performance and damage may result.
EAU00632
Idle speed adjustment
@
6
@
6-15
1. Start the engine and warm it up for
a few minutes at approximately
1,000 to 2,000 r/min. Occasionally
rev the engine to 4,000 to
5,000 r/min. The engine is warm
when it quickly responds to the
throttle.
2. Set the idle to the specified engine
speed by adjusting the throttle
stop screw. Turn the screw in direction a to increase engine
speed and in direction b to decrease engine speed.
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 16 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00637
Valve clearance adjustment
Standard idle speed:
1,050 ~ 1,250 r/min
The correct valve clearance changes
with use, resulting in improper fuel/air
supply or engine noise. To prevent this,
the valve clearance must be adjusted
regularly. This adjustment however,
should be left to a professional
Yamaha service technician.
NOTE:
If the specified idle speed cannot be
obtained by performing the above adjustment, consult a Yamaha dealer.
@
@
a. Free play
EAU00635
Throttle cable free play
inspection
There should be a free play of 3 ~
5 mm at the throttle grip. If the free play
is incorrect, ask a Yamaha dealer to
make this adjustment.
6-16
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 17 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00658
Tires
CE-33E
Maximum load*
Cold tire pressure
To ensure maximum performance,
long service and safe operation, note
the following:
Tire air pressure
Always check and adjust the tire pressure before operating the motorcycle.
EW000082
WARNING
Tire inflation pressure should be
checked and adjusted when the
temperature of the tire equals the
ambient air temperature. Tire inflation pressure must be adjusted according to total weight of cargo,
rider, passenger, and accessories
(fairing, saddlebags, etc. if approved
for this model), and vehicle speed.
Front
Rear
Up to 90 kg load*
225 kPa
275 kPa
(2.25 kg/cm2, (2.75 kg/cm2,
2.25 bar)
2.75 bar)
90 kg load ~
Maximum load*
225 kPa
275 kPa
(2.25 kg/cm2, (2.75 kg/cm2,
2.25 bar)
2.75 bar)
High speed riding
225 kPa
275 kPa
(2.25 kg/cm2, (2.75 kg/cm2,
2.25 bar)
2.75 bar)
* Load is the total weight of cargo, rider, passenger
and accessories.
@
6
EW000083
203 kg
@
WARNING
Proper loading of your motorcycle
is important for several characteristics of your motorcycle, such as
handling, braking, performance and
safety. Do not carry loosely packed
items that can shift. Securely pack
your heaviest items close to the
center of the motorcycle, and distribute the weight evenly from side
to side. Properly adjust the suspension for your load, and check the
condition and pressure of your tires.
NEVER OVERLOAD YOUR MOTORCYCLE. Make sure the total weight
of the cargo, rider, passenger, and
accessories (fairing, saddlebags,
etc. if approved for this model) does
not exceed the maximum load of the
motorcycle. Operation of an overloaded motorcycle could cause tire
damage, an accident, or even injury.
@
@
6-17
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 18 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EW000095
EW000080
WARNING
Operating the motorcycle with excessively worn tires decrease riding
stability and can lead to loss of control. Have excessively worn tires replaced by a Yamaha dealer
immediately. Brakes, tires, and related wheel parts replacement should
be left to a Yamaha Service Technician.
WARNING
● After extensive tests, the tires
mentioned below have been approved by Yamaha Motor Co.,
Ltd. for this model. No guarantee for handling characteristics
can be given if tire combinations other than what is approved are used on this
motorcycle. The front and rear
tires should be of the same
manufacture and design.
● The use of tire valves and valve
cores other than listed below
could cause tire deflation during extreme high speed riding.
Always use genuine parts or
their equivalent for replacement.
● Be sure to install the valve caps
securely, as these are important
to prevent air pressure leakage
during extreme high speed
riding.
@
1. Side wall
a. Tread depth
Tire inspection
Always check the tires before operating
the motorcycle. If center tread depth
reaches the limit as shown, if the tire
has a nail or glass fragments in it, or if
the side wall is cracked, contact a
Yamaha dealer immediately and have
the tire replaced.
@
@
CE-26E
Minimum tire tread depth
(front and rear)
1.6 mm
NOTE:
These limits may be different by regulation from country to country. If so, conform to the limits specified by the
regulations of your own country.
@
@
Tire information
This motorcycle is equipped with tubeless tires, tire valves and cast wheels.
@
6-18
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 19 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00684
WARNING
This motorcycle is fitted with super
high-speed running tires. The following points must be observed in
order for you to make fully effective
use of these tires.
● Never fail to use the specified
tires in tire replacement. Other
tires may have a danger of
bursting at super high-speeds.
● New tires have a relatively low
grip on the road surface until
they have been slightly worn.
Therefore, approximately 100 km
should be traveled at normal
speed before any high-speed
riding is done.
● Before any high-speed runs, the
tires should be warmed-up sufficiently.
● Always inflate to the correct tire
pressure according to the operating conditions.
@
1. Tire valve
2. Valve core
3. Valve cap with seal
CE-10E
FRONT
6
Manufacturer
Size
Type
Bridgestone
110/80 ZR18 (58W)
BT-54F
Pirelli
110/80 ZR18 (58W)
MTR03
Michelin
110/80 ZR18 (58W) MACADAM 90X
REAR
Manufacturer
Size
Type
Bridgestone
150/70 ZR17 (69W)
BT-54R
Pirelli
150/70 ZR17 (69W)
MTR04
Michelin
150/70 ZR17 (69W) MACADAM 90X
CE-12E
Type
Tire valve
TR412
Valve core
#9000A (original)
@
6-19
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting bolt
c. Free play
EAU00692
Clutch lever free play
adjustment
The clutch lever free play should be adjusted to 10 ~ 15 mm. If the free play is
incorrect, adjust as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut.
2. Turn the adjusting bolt at the
clutch lever in direction a to increase free play or in direction b
to decrease free play.
3. Tighten the locknut.
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 20 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EW000109
NOTE:
If proper adjustment cannot be obtained or the clutch does not work correctly, ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect
the internal clutch mechanism.
@
WARNING
A soft or spongy feeling in the brake
pedal can indicate the presence of
air in the brake system. This air
must be removed by bleeding the
brake system before the motorcycle
is operated. Air in the system will
cause greatly diminished braking
capability and can result in loss of
control and an accident. Have a
Yamaha dealer inspect and bleed
the system if necessary.
@
@
a. Pedal height
EAU00712
Rear brake pedal height
adjustment
The top of the brake pedal should be
positioned 29 mm below the top of the
footrest. If not, ask a Yamaha dealer to
adjust it.
6-20
@
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 21 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Front
1. Brake light switch
2. Adjusting nut
1. Wear indicator (× 2)
1. Wear indicator (× 2)
EAU00715
EAU00713
Brake light switch adjustment
6
Rear
The rear brake light switch is activated
by the brake pedal and is properly adjusted when the brake light comes on
just before braking takes effect. To adjust the rear brake light switch, hold the
switch body so it does not rotate while
turning the adjusting nut.
Turn the adjusting nut in direction a to
make the brake light come on earlier.
Turn the adjusting nut in direction b to
make the brake light come on later.
Checking the front and rear
brake pads
A wear indicator is provided on each
brake. This indicator allows checking
of brake pad wear without disassembling the brake. Apply the brake and
inspect the wear indicator. If the indicator is ALMOST in contact with the disc
plate, ask a Yamaha dealer to replace
the pads.
6-21
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 22 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Front
1. Minimum level mark
1. Minimum level mark
EAU00731
Inspecting the brake fluid
level
Insufficient brake fluid may let air enter
the brake system, possibly causing the
brakes to become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake fluid
is above the minimum level and replenish when necessary.
Observe these precautions:
When checking the fluid level,
make sure the top of the master
cylinder is level by turning the handlebars.
● Use only the designated quality
brake fluid. Otherwise, the rubber
seals may deteriorate, causing
leakage and poor brake performance.
●
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
●
Be careful that water does not enter the master cylinder when refilling. Water will significantly lower
the boiling point of the fluid and
may result in vapor lock.
● Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled fluid
immediately.
● Have a Yamaha dealer check the
cause if the brake fluid level goes
down.
●
Rear
Refill with the same type of brake
fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a
harmful chemical reaction and
lead to poor brake performance.
6-22
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 23 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00742
Brake fluid replacement
The brake fluid should be replaced only
by trained Yamaha service personnel.
Have the Yamaha dealer replace the
following components during periodic
maintenance or when they are damaged or leaking:
● oil seals (every two years)
● brake hoses (every four years)
a. Chain slack
EAU00744
Drive chain slack check
NOTE:
Spin the wheel several times and find
the tightest position of the chain. Check
and/or adjust the chain slack while it’s
in this tightest position.
@
6
@
To check the chain slack the motorcycle must be held straight up with both
wheels on the ground and without rider.
Check the slack at the position shown
in the illustration. Normal slack is approximately 40 ~ 50 mm. If the slack
exceeds 50 mm, adjust.
6-23
1.
2.
3.
4.
Axle nut
Locknut
Adjusting nut
Alignment marks
EAU00765
Drive chain slack adjustment
1. Loosen the axle nut and caliper
bracket bolt.
2. Loosen the locknuts on each side
of the swingarm. To tighten the
chain, turn the adjusting nut in direction a. To loosen the chain,
turn the adjusting nut in
direction b and push the wheel
forward. Turn each adjusting nut
exactly the same amount to maintain correct axle alignment. There
are marks on each side of the
swingarm. Use these marks to
align the rear wheel.
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 24 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03006
Drive chain lubrication
1. Caliper bracket bolt
EC000096
CAUTION:
Too little chain slack will overload
the engine and other vital parts.
Keep the slack within the specified
limits.
@
@
3. After adjusting, tighten the axle nut
and caliper bracket bolt to the
specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Axle nut:
110 Nm (11.0 m·kg)
Caliper bracket bolt:
35 Nm (3.5 m·kg)
The chain consists of many parts which
work with each other. If the chain is not
maintained properly, it will wear out
quickly. Therefore, the chain must be
serviced regularly. This service is especially necessary when riding in dusty
areas. This motorcycle is equipped
with a sealed type chain. Steam cleaning, high-pressure washers, and solvents can damage the drive chain, so
do not use these for cleaning it. Use
only kerosene to clean the drive chain.
Wipe it dry, and thoroughly lubricate it
with SAE 30 ~ 50W motor oil. Do not
use any other lubricants on the drive
chain. They may contain solvents that
could damage the sealed chain.
EC000097
CAUTION:
Be sure to oil the chain after washing the motorcycle or riding in the
rain.
@
@
6-24
EAU02962
Cable inspection and
lubrication
EW000112
WARNING
Damage to the outer housing of cables may lead to internal rusting and
interfere with the cable movement.
Replace damaged cables as soon as
possible to prevent unsafe conditions.
@
@
Lubricate the cables and cable ends. If
a cable does not operate smoothly, ask
a Yamaha dealer to replace it.
Recommended lubricant:
Engine oil
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 25 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00773
EAU02984
EAU02985
Throttle cable and grip
lubrication
Brake and shift pedal
lubrication
Brake and clutch lever
lubrication
The throttle twist grip assembly should
be greased at the time that the cable is
lubricated, since the grip must be removed to get at the end of the throttle
cable. After removing the screws, hold
the end of the cable up in the air and
put in several drops of lubricant. With
the throttle grip disassembled, coat the
metal surface of the grip assembly with
a suitable all-purpose grease.
Lubricate the pivoting parts.
Lubricate the pivoting parts.
Recommended lubricant:
Engine oil
Recommended lubricant:
Engine oil
6
6-25
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 26 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU02986
EAU00790
Sidestand lubrication
Rear suspension lubrication
Lubricate the sidestand pivoting point
and metal-to-metal contact surfaces.
Check that the sidestand moves up
and down smoothly.
Lubricate the pivoting parts.
Recommended lubricant:
Molybdenum disulfide grease
Recommended lubricant:
Engine oil
EW000113
WARNING
If the sidestand does not move
smoothly, consult a Yamaha dealer.
@
@
6
6-26
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 27 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU02939
Front fork inspection
Visual check
EW000115
WARNING
Securely support the motorcycle so
there is no danger of it falling over.
@
@
Check for scratches or damage on the
inner tube and excessive oil leakage
from the front fork.
6
Operation check
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
place.
2. Hold the motorcycle in an upright
position and apply the front brake.
3. Push down hard on the handlebars several times and check if the
fork rebounds smoothly.
EC000098
CAUTION:
If any damage or unsmooth movement is found with the front fork,
consult a Yamaha dealer.
@
@
EAU00794
Steering inspection
Periodically inspect the condition of the
steering. Worn out or loose steering
bearings may be dangerous. Place a
stand under the engine to raise the
front wheel off the ground. Hold the
lower end of the front forks and try to
move them forward and backward. If
any free play can be felt, ask a Yamaha
dealer to inspect and adjust the steering. Inspection is easier if the front
wheel is removed.
EW000115
WARNING
Securely support the motorcycle so
there is no danger of it falling over.
@
@
6-27
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 28 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01144
EAU00800
Wheel bearings
Battery
If there is play in the front or rear wheel
hub or if the wheel does not turn
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer inspect the wheel bearings.
This motorcycle is equipped with a
sealed-type battery. Therefore it is not
necessary to check the electrolyte or fill
the battery with distilled water.
● If the battery seems to have discharged, consult a Yamaha dealer.
● If the motorcycle is equipped with
optional electrical accessories, the
battery tends to discharge more
quickly, so be sure to recharge it
periodically.
EC000101
CAUTION:
Never try to remove the sealing caps
of the battery cells. The battery will
be damaged.
@
@
EW000116
WARNING
Battery electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous, causing severe burns,
etc. It contains sulfuric acid. Avoid
contact with skin, eyes or clothing.
ANTIDOTE:
● EXTERNAL: Flush with water.
● INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow with
milk of magnesia, beaten egg,
or vegetable oil. Call a physician immediately.
● EYES: Flush with water for
15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention.
Batteries produce explosive gases.
Keep sparks, flame, cigarettes etc.,
away. Ventilate when charging or
using in an enclosed space. Always
shield your eyes when working near
batteries.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
@
@
6-28
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 29 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Battery storage
When the motorcycle is not used for a
month or longer, remove the battery,
fully charge it and store it in a cool, dry
place.
EC000102
@
6
@
CAUTION:
● Completely recharge the battery before storing. Storing a
discharged battery can cause
permanent battery damage.
● Use a battery charger designed
for a sealed-type (MF) battery.
Using a conventional battery
charger will cause battery damage. If you do not have a sealedtype battery charger, contact
your Yamaha dealer.
● Always make sure the connections are correct when reinstalling the battery.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Headlight fuse
Signaling system fuse
Ignition fuse
Hazard light fuse
Odometer fuse
Radiator fan fuse
Spare fuse (× 4)
1. Main fuse
2. Spare fuse
EC000103
EAU01670
Fuse replacement
The fuse boxes are located under the
rider seat and the main fuse case is attached to the starter relay.
If any fuse is blown, turn off the main
switch and the switch of the circuit in
question. Install a new fuse of specified
amperage. Turn on the switches and
see if the electrical device operates. If
the fuse immediately blows again, consult a Yamaha dealer.
6-29
CAUTION:
Do not use fuses of higher amperage rating than those recommended. Substitution of a fuse of
improper rating can cause extensive
electrical system damage and possibly a fire.
@
@
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 30 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
Headlight fuse:
Signaling system fuse:
Ignition fuse:
Hazard light fuse:
Odometer fuse:
Radiator fan fuse:
30 A
15 A
15 A
10 A
10 A
5A
7.5 A
1. Bulb holder cover
EAU00827
1. Connector (× 2)
2. Bulb holder
Headlight bulb replacement
This motorcycle is equipped with a
quartz bulb headlight. If the headlight
bulb burns out, replace the bulb as follows:
1. Remove the connectors and the
bulb holder cover.
2. Unhook the bulb holder and remove the defective bulb.
EW000119
WARNING
Keep flammable products and your
hands away from a bulb while it is
on, as it is hot. Do not touch a bulb
until it cools down.
@
@
6-30
3. Put a new bulb into position and
secure it in place with the bulb
holder.
EC000105
CAUTION:
Avoid touching the glass part of a
bulb. Keep it free from oil; otherwise, the transparency of the glass,
life of the bulb, and luminous flux
will be adversely affected. If oil gets
on a bulb, thoroughly clean it with a
cloth moistened with alcohol or lacquer thinner.
@
@
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 31 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
4. Install the bulb holder cover and
reconnect the headlight connectors. If the headlight beam adjustment is necessary, ask a Yamaha
dealer to make that adjustment.
1. Screw (× 2)
2. Lens
1. Bulb (× 2)
EAU01623*
Tail/brake light bulb
replacement
1. Remove the screws and the lens.
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it inward and turning it
counterclockwise.
3. Install a new bulb by pushing it inward and turning it clockwise.
4. Install the lens and tighten the
screws.
6
EC000108
CAUTION:
Do not over-tighten the screws as
the lens may break.
@
@
6-31
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 32 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01008
Troubleshooting
1. Screw
2. Lens
Although Yamaha motorcycles receive
a rigid inspection before shipment from
the factory, trouble may occur during
operation.
Any problem in the fuel, compression,
or ignition systems can cause poor
starting and loss of power. The troubleshooting chart describes a quick, easy
procedure for making checks.
If your motorcycle requires any repair,
bring it to a Yamaha dealer. The skilled
technicians at a Yamaha dealership
have the tools, experience, and knowhow to properly service your motorcycle. Use only genuine Yamaha parts
on your motorcycle. Imitation parts may
look like Yamaha parts, but they are often inferior. Consequently, they have a
shorter service life and can lead to expensive repair bills.
1. Bulb
EAU01095
Turn signal light bulb
replacement
1. Remove the screw and the lens.
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it inward and turning it
counterclockwise.
3. Install a new bulb by pushing it inward and turning it clockwise.
4. Install the lens and tighten the
screw.
6-32
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 33 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU02990*
Troubleshooting chart
EW000125
WARNING
Never check the fuel system while smoking or in the vicinity of an open flame.
@
@
1. Fuel
Enough fuel.
Go to compression check.
No fuel.
Supply fuel.
Check if there is fuel
in the fuel tank.
Engine doesn’t start, go to compression check.
2. Compression
There is compression.
Go to ignition check.
No compression.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
Use the electric starter.
6
3. Ignition
Wet.
Wipe clean with dry cloth and correct
spark gap or replace spark plugs.
Open throttle half-way and start
the engine.
Dry.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Engine doesn’t start, go to battery
check.
Remove spark plugs
and check electrodes.
4. Battery
Engine turns over
quickly.
Battery good.
Engine turns over
slowly.
Check connections or
recharge.
Use the electric starter.
6-33
Engine doesn’t start, ask a Yamaha
dealer to inspect.
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 34 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Engine overheating
EW000070
WARNING
Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are hot. Scalding hot fluid and steam may be blown
out under pressure, which could cause serious injury. Open the radiator cap as follows. Wait until the engine has
cooled. Remove the radiator cap stopper by removing the screw. Place a thick rag like a towel over the radiator cap
and slowly rotate the cap counterclockwise to the detent. This procedure allows any residual pressure to escape.
When the hissing sound has stopped, press down on the cap while turning counterclockwise and remove it.
@
@
Leakage.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect
and repair the cooling system.
No
leakage.
Add coolant. (See NOTE.)
Level is low, check the
cooling system for leakage.
Wait until the
engine has cooled.
Check the coolant level in the
reservoir tank and/or radiator.
Level is OK.
Restart the engine. If the engine overheats again, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect and repair the cooling system.
NOTE:
If it is difficult to get the recommended coolant, tap water can be temporarily used, provided that it is changed to the recommended coolant as soon as possible.
@
@
6-34
6
E_4tx_Periodic.fm Page 35 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:37 AM
E_4tx_CleaningTOC.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
Care ................................................................................................... 7-1
Storage............................................................................................... 7-4
7
E_4tx_Cleaning.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
EAU01517
7-
Care
The exposure of its technology makes a
motorcycle charming but also vulnerable. Although high-quality components
are used, they are not all rust-resistant.
While a rusty exhaust pipe may remain
unnoticed on a car, it does look unattractive on a motorcycle. Frequent and
proper care, however, will keep your
motorcycle looking good, extend its life
and maintain its performance. Moreover, the warranty states that the vehicle must be properly taken care of. For
all these reasons, it is recommended
that you observe the following cleaning
and storing precautions.
Before cleaning
1. Cover up the muffler outlets with
plastic bags.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers
as well as all electrical couplers
and connectors, including the
spark plug caps, are tightly installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such products onto seals, gaskets, sprockets, the drive chain and wheel
axles. Always rinse the dirt and
degreaser off with water.
7
7-1
Cleaning
After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a neutral
detergent and a soft clean sponge,
then rinse with plenty of clean water.
Use a tooth or bottle brush for hard-toreach parts. Tougher dirt and insects
will come off more easily if the area is
covered with a wet cloth for a few minutes before cleaning.
E_4tx_Cleaning.fm Page 2 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
ECA00010
@
CAUTION:
● Avoid using strong acidic wheel
cleaners, especially on spoked
wheels. If you do use such
products for hard-to-remove
dirt, do not leave it on any longer than instructed, then thoroughly rinse it off with water,
immediately dry the area and
apply a corrosion protection
spray.
● Improper cleaning can damage
windshields, cowlings, panels
and other plastic parts. Use
only a soft, clean cloth or
sponge with mild detergent and
water to clean plastic.
Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive
cleaning products, solvent or
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
● Do not use high-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since
they cause water seepage and
deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel bearings,
swingarm bearings, forks and
brakes), electric components
(couplers, connectors, instruments, switches and lights),
breather hoses and vents.
●
7-2
●
For motorcycles equipped with
a windshield: Do not use strong
cleaners or hard sponges as
they will cause dulling or
scratching. Some cleaning
compounds for plastic may
leave scratches on the windshield. Test the product on a
small hidden part of the windshield to make sure they do not
leave any marks. If the windshield is scratched, use a quality plastic polishing compound
after washing.
@
After riding in the rain, near the sea or
on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on the
roads in the winter are extremely corrosive in combination with water, carry
out the following steps after each ride
in the rain, near the sea or on saltsprayed roads. (Salt sprayed in the
winter may remain on the roads well
into spring.)
7
E_4tx_Cleaning.fm Page 3 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
1. Clean your motorcycle with cold
water and soap after the engine
has cooled down.
ECA00012
CAUTION:
Do not use warm water since it increases the corrosive action of the
salt.
@
@
2. Be sure to apply a corrosion protection spray on all (even chromeand nickel-plated) metal surfaces
to prevent corrosion.
7
After cleaning
1. Dry the motorcycle with a chamois
or an absorbing cloth.
2. Immediately dry the drive chain
and lubricate it to prevent it from
rusting.
3. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainlesssteel parts, including the exhaust
system. (Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainlesssteel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)
4. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all (even chromeand nickel-plated) metal surfaces.
5. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
6. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
7. Wax all painted surfaces.
8. Let the motorcycle dry completely
before storing it or covering it.
7-3
EWA00001
WARNING
Make sure that there is no oil or wax
on the brakes and tires. If necessary, clean the brake discs and linings with a regular brake disc
cleaner or acetone, and wash the
tires with warm water and mild soap.
Then, carefully test the motorcycle
for its braking performance and cornering behavior.
@
@
E_4tx_Cleaning.fm Page 4 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
ECA00013
@
CAUTION:
● Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and wipe off any excess.
● Never apply oil or wax on rubber and plastic parts, but treat
them with a suitable care product.
● Avoid using abrasive polishing
compounds as they wear away
the paint.
Storage
Short-term
Always store your motorcycle in a cool,
dry place and, if necessary, protect it
against dust with a porous cover.
ECA00014
@
@
NOTE:
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on
what products to use.
@
@
CAUTION:
● Storing the motorcycle in a
poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp while it is still
wet will allow water and humidity to seep in and cause rust.
● To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
@
7-4
Long-term
Before storing your motorcycle for
several months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
2. Drain the carburetor float chambers by loosening the drain bolts;
this will prevent fuel deposits from
building up. Pour the drained fuel
into the fuel tank.
3. Only for motorcycles equipped
with a fuel cock which has an
“OFF” position: Turn the fuel cock
to “OFF”.
4. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
5. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinders, piston rings, etc.
from corrosion.
7
E_4tx_Cleaning.fm Page 5 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
a. Remove the spark plug caps and
spark plugs.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil
into each spark plug bore.
c. Install the spark plug caps onto the
spark plugs and place the spark
plugs on the cylinder head so that
the electrodes are grounded. (This
will limit sparking during the next
step.)
d. Turn the engine over several times
with the starter. (This will coat the
cylinder walls with oil.)
e. Remove the spark plug caps from
the spark plugs, install the spark
plugs and then the spark plug
caps.
7
6. Lubricate all control cables and
the pivoting points of all levers and
pedals as well as of the sidestand/
centerstand.
7. Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, then raise the
motorcycle so that both of its
wheels are off the ground. Alternatively, turn the wheels a little every
month in order to prevent the tires
from becoming degraded in one
spot.
8. Cover up the muffler outlets with
plastic bags to prevent moisture
from entering.
EWA00003
WARNING
When turning the engine over, be
sure to ground the spark plug electrodes to prevent damage or injury
from sparking.
@
@
7-5
9. Remove the battery and fully
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
place and recharge it once a
month. Do not store the battery in
an excessively cold or warm place
(less than 0 °C or more than
30 °C). For more information, see
“Battery storage” in the chapter
“PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
MINOR REPAIRS”.
NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.
@
@
E_4tx_SpecTOC.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications ..................................................................................... 8-1
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION TABLE ....................................... 8-5
8
E_4tx_Spec.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
EAU01038
8-
Specifications
Model
TDM850
Engine oil
Type
Dimensions
Overall length
-20˚ -10˚ 0˚ 10˚ 20˚ 30˚ 40˚ 50˚C
2,165 mm
(for GB, NL, B, F, E, P, I, GR, D,
DK)
SAE 10W/30
SAE 10W/40
2,200 mm (for N, S, SF)
Overall width
Overall height
805 mm
Wheelbase
1,475 mm
Minimum turning radius
Basic weight (with oil and full
fuel tank)
SAE 20W/40
1,285 mm
Seat height
Ground clearance
SAE 15W/40
790 mm
SAE 20W/50
Recommended engine oil
classification
165 mm
2,900 mm
CAUTION:
232 kg
Be sure to use motor oils that do not contain anti-friction
modifiers. Passenger car motor oils (often labeled
“Energy Conserving”) contain anti-friction additives which
will cause clutch and/or starter clutch slippage, resulting in
reduced component life and poor engine performance.
Engine
8
API Service SE, SF, SG type or
higher
Engine type
Liquid cooled 4-stroke, DOHC
Cylinder arrangement
Forward inclined parallel
2-cylinder
Displacement
849 cm3
Bore × Stroke
89.5 × 67.5 mm
Periodic oil change
Compression ratio
10.5:1
With oil filter replacement
3.6 L
Starting system
Electric starter
Total amount
4.2 L
Lubrication system
Dry sump
Cooling system capacity
(total amount)
1.7 L
Quantity
8-1
3.5 L
E_4tx_Spec.fm Page 2 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Air filter
Dry type element
Gear ratio
Fuel
1st
2.643
Regular unleaded gasoline
2nd
1.947
Fuel tank capacity
20 L
3rd
1.500
Reserve amount
3.1 L
4th
1.174
5th
0.964
Type
Carburetor
Type × quantity
BDSR38 × 2
Manufacturer
MIKUNI
Chassis
Spark plug
Manufacturer/Type
Gap
Clutch type
NGK / DPR8EA-9 or
DENSO / X24EPR-U9
Frame type
Diamond
Caster angle
24.5°
Trail
103 mm
Tires
0.8 ~ 0.9 mm
Front
Wet, multiple-disc
Transmission
Type
Tubeless
Size
110/80 ZR18 (58W)
Primary reduction system
Spur gear
Primary reduction ratio
1.718
Secondary reduction system
Chain drive
Michelin / MACADAM 90X
Secondary reduction ratio
2.688
Pirelli / MTR03
Number of sprocket teeth
(rear/front)
43/16
Transmission type
Constant mesh 5-speed
Operation
Left foot operation
Manufacturer/
model
Bridgestone / BT54F
Rear
Type
Tubeless
Size
150/70 ZR17 (69W)
Manufacturer/
model
Bridgestone / BT54R
Michelin / MACADAM 90X
Pirelli / MTR04
8-2
8
E_4tx_Spec.fm Page 3 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Maximum load*
203 kg
Rear
Air pressure (cold tire)
Up to 90 kg load*
2
Front
225 kPa (2.25 kg/cm , 2.25 bar)
Rear
275 kPa (2.75 kg/cm2, 2.75 bar)
Single disc brake
Operation
Right foot operation
Fluid
DOT 4
Type
Telescopic fork
Type
Swingarm
Suspension
90 kg load ~ maximum
load*
Front
Front
225 kPa (2.25 kg/cm2, 2.25 bar)
Rear
275 kPa (2.75 kg/cm2, 2.75 bar)
Rear
High speed riding
Front
225 kPa (2.25 kg/cm2, 2.25 bar)
Rear
275 kPa (2.75 kg/cm2, 2.75 bar)
Shock absorber
* Load is total weight of cargo, rider, passenger and accessories.
Front
Type
Cast
Size
18 × MT3.00
Type
Cast
Size
17 × MT4.00
Front
Coil spring / oil damper
Rear
Coil spring / gas-oil damper
Wheel travel
Wheels
8
Type
Front
149 mm
Rear
144 mm
Electrical system
Ignition system
Rear
T.C.I. (digital)
Charging system
Brakes
Type
A.C. magneto
Standard output
14 V, 23.5 A @ 5,000 r/min
Battery
Front
Type
Dual disc brake
Operation
Right hand operation
Fluid
DOT 4
Type
GT12B-4
Voltage, capacity
12 V, 10 AH
Headlight type
8-3
Quartz bulb (halogen)
E_4tx_Spec.fm Page 4 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity
Headlight
12 V, 55 W × 2
Auxiliary light
12 V, 5 W × 1
Tail/brake light
12 V, 5/21 W × 2
Turn signal light
12 V, 21 W × 4
Meter light
12 V, 2 W × 3
Neutral indicator light
14 V, 1.4 W × 1
High beam indicator light
14 V, 1.4 W × 1
Turn indicator light
14 V, 1.4 W × 2
Coolant temperature
indicator light
14 V, 1.4 W × 1
Fuel indicator light
12 V, 2 W × 1
Fuses
Main fuse
30 A
Headlight fuse
15 A
Signaling system fuse
15 A
Ignition fuse
10 A
Hazard light fuse
10 A
Odometer fuse
5A
Radiator fan fuse
7.5 A
8
8-4
E_4tx_Spec.fm Page 5 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
EAU01064
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION TABLE
CS-02E
CONVERSION TABLE
All specification data in this manual are listed in SI and
METRIC UNITS.
Use this table to convert METRIC unit data to IMPERIAL
unit data.
Ex.
METRIC
MULTIPLIER
METRIC TO IMPERIAL
Metric unit
IMPERIAL
**mm
×
0.03937
=
**in
2 mm
×
0.03937
=
0.08 in
8
8-5
Multiplier
Imperial unit
Torque
m·kg
m·kg
cm·kg
cm·kg
7.233
86.794
0.0723
0.8679
ft·lb
in·lb
ft·lb
in·lb
Weight
kg
g
2.205
0.03527
lb
oz
Speed
km/hr
0.6214
mph
Distance
km
m
m
cm
mm
0.6214
3.281
1.094
0.3937
0.03937
mi
ft
yd
in
in
Volume /
Capacity
cc (cm3)
cc (cm3)
lt (liter)
lt (liter)
0.03527
0.06102
0.8799
0.2199
oz (IMP liq.)
cu·in
qt (IMP liq.)
gal (IMP liq.)
Misc.
kg/mm
kg/cm2
Centigrade (°C)
55.997
14.2234
9/5 + 32
lb/in
psi (lb/in2)
Fahrenheit (°F)
E_4tx_ConsumerTOC.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
Identification number records............................................................. 9-1
Key identification number ................................................................... 9-1
Vehicle identification number.............................................................. 9-1
Model label......................................................................................... 9-2
9
E_4tx_Consumer.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01039
9-
EAU02944
Identification number records
Record the key identification number,
vehicle identification number and model label information in the spaces provided for assistance when ordering
spare parts from a Yamaha dealer or
for reference in case the vehicle is stolen.
1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
1. Key identification number
CA-02E
2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
CA-02E
1. Vehicle identification number
EAU01041
EAU01043
Key identification number
Vehicle identification number
The key identification number is
stamped on the key tag. Record this
number in the space provided and use
it for reference when obtaining a new
key.
The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the steering head pipe.
Record this number in the space provided.
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your motorcycle and
may be used to register your motorcycle with the licensing authority in
your state.
@
9
3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
CA-01E
@
9-1
E_4tx_Consumer.fm Page 2 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
1. Model label
EAU01050
Model label
The model label is affixed to the frame
under the seat. (See page 3-12 for seat
removal procedures.) Record the information on this label in the space provided. This information will be needed
to order spare parts from your Yamaha
dealer.
9
9-2
E_4txIX.fm Page 1 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
INDEX
10-
A
E
Air filter ..................................................6-13
Antitheft alarm (optional) ..........................3-5
Engine break-in ....................................... 5-5
Engine oil ................................................ 6-8
Engine overheating................................. 6-34
Engine stop switch................................... 3-7
B
Battery ...................................................6-28
Brake and clutch lever lubrication...........6-25
Brake and shift pedal lubrication ............6-25
Brake fluid replacement .........................6-23
Brake light switch adjustment.................6-21
C
Cable inspection and lubrication ............6-24
Carburetor adjustment ...........................6-15
Care.........................................................7-1
Changing the coolant .............................6-11
Checking the front and
rear brake pads ...................................6-21
Clutch lever..............................................3-8
Clutch lever free play adjustment ...........6-19
Controls/Instruments................................2-3
Coolant temperature indicator light...........3-2
Cooling system ......................................6-10
Cowling and panel removal and
installation .............................................6-5
Cowlings A and B ....................................6-5
D
Diagnosis device......................................3-5
Dimmer switch .........................................3-6
Drive chain lubrication............................6-24
Drive chain slack adjustment..................6-23
Drive chain slack check..........................6-23
F
Front brake lever ..................................... 3-9
Front fork adjustment............................. 3-14
Front fork inspection .............................. 6-27
Fuel ....................................................... 3-11
Fuel gauge .............................................. 3-5
Fuel indicator light ................................... 3-3
Fuel tank breather hose
(for Germany only) .............................. 3-12
Fuel tank cap......................................... 3-10
Fuse replacement.................................. 6-29
G
Give safety the right of way ..................... 1-1
H
Handlebar switches ................................. 3-6
Dimmer switch ................................... 3-6
Engine stop switch ............................. 3-7
Hazard switch .................................... 3-6
Horn switch ........................................ 3-6
Lights switch ...................................... 3-7
Pass switch ........................................ 3-6
Start switch ........................................ 3-7
Turn signal switch .............................. 3-6
Hazard switch.......................................... 3-6
Headlight bulb replacement ................... 6-30
Helmet holder ........................................ 3-13
High beam indicator light..........................3-2
Horn switch ..............................................3-6
I
Identification number records ...................9-1
Idle speed adjustment ............................6-15
Indicator lights..........................................3-2
Coolant temperature indicator light .....3-2
Fuel indicator light...............................3-3
High beam indicator light ....................3-2
Neutral indicator light ..........................3-2
Turn indicator lights ............................3-2
Inspecting the brake fluid level ...............6-22
K
Key identification number .........................9-1
L
Left view...................................................2-1
Lights switch ............................................3-7
Luggage strap holders ...........................3-17
M
Main switch/steering lock .........................3-1
Model label ..............................................9-2
N
Neutral indicator light ...............................3-2
P
Panels A and B ........................................6-6
Parking.....................................................5-6
Pass switch..............................................3-6
Periodic maintenance and lubrication.......6-2
Pre-operation check list............................4-1
E_4txIX.fm Page 2 Saturday, October 16, 1999 9:38 AM
INDEX
R
Rear brake pedal ..................................... 3-9
Rear brake pedal height adjustment ...... 6-20
Rear shock absorber adjustment ........... 3-15
Rear suspension lubrication................... 6-26
Right view................................................ 2-2
S
Seat....................................................... 3-12
Shifting .................................................... 5-4
Shift pedal ............................................... 3-8
Sidestand .............................................. 3-17
Sidestand/clutch switch operation
check .................................................. 3-17
Sidestand lubrication ............................. 6-26
Spark plugs ............................................. 6-6
Specifications .......................................... 8-1
Speedometer........................................... 3-3
Starter (choke) “
”................................ 3-7
Starting a warm engine............................ 5-4
Starting the engine .................................. 5-1
Start switch.............................................. 3-7
Steering inspection ................................ 6-27
Storage.................................................... 7-4
Storage compartment ............................ 3-13
T
Tachometer ............................................. 3-4
Tail/brake light bulb replacement ........... 6-31
Throttle cable and grip lubrication .......... 6-25
Throttle cable free play inspection ......... 6-16
Tips for reducing fuel consumption .......... 5-5
Tires ...................................................... 6-17
Tool kit..................................................... 6-1
Troubleshooting .................................... 6-32
Troubleshooting chart ........................... 6-33
Turn indicator lights................................. 3-2
Turn signal light bulb replacement......... 6-32
Turn signal switch ................................... 3-6
V
Valve clearance adjustment .................. 6-16
Vehicle identification number................... 9-1
W
Wheel bearings ..................................... 6-28
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
99 · 9 - 0.8 × 1 CR
(E)