Craftsman 917.255450 Owner`s manual

SEA/ 8
®
MODEL NUMBER 917.255450
OWNER'SMANUAL
Dnvertible
o Assembly
o Operation
o Customer
Responsibilities
o Service
o Adjustments
o Repair Parts
Caution:
Read and Follow
all Safety Rules
and Instructions
Before Operating
This Equipment
SAFETY
Practices RULES
for Ride-On
Safe Operation
Mowers
IMPORTANT: THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING HANDSAND FEETAND THROWING OBJECTS
FAILURE TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
I.
=
•
•
•
=
GENERAL
OPERATION
III.
Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual
and on the machine before starting.
Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the
instructions, to operate the machine
Clear the area of ob ects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc,
which could be picked up and thrown by the b ade
Be sure the areais clear of other people before mowing Stop
machine if anyone enters the area
Never carry passengers
Do not mowin reverse unless absolutely necessary Always
look down and behind before and while backing
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the
presence of children Children are often attracted to the machine
and the mowing activity. Neverassume that children will remain
where you last saw them.
Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point
it at anyone Do not operate the mower without either the
entire grass catcher or the guard in place
Slow down before turning
Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off
blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and remove keys
before dismounting
Turn off blades when not mowing
Stop engine before removing grass catcher or unclogging
chute
SLOPE
•
Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful
care of another responsible adult
Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area
°
Before and when backing, look behind and down for small
children
•
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light
Do not operate the machine while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs_
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways
Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into
a trailer or truck
IL
SERVICE
•
Useextracarein handling gasoline and other fuels. Theyare
flammable and vapors are explosive
Use only an approved container
Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine
running Allow engine to cool before refueling Do not
smoke
Never refuel the machine indoors
Never store the machine or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame, such as a water heater
Never run a machine inside a closed area.
OPERATION
•
DO:
•
Mow up and down slopes, not across_
Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc
•
Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the machine Tall grass can hide obstacles
Use slowspeed
Choose a low gear so that you will not have
to stop or shift white on the s_ope
Follow the manufacturer's
recommendations
for wheel
weights or counterweights to improve stability
Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments
These can change the stability of the machine
•
•
Keep all movement on the slopes slowand gradual Do not
make sudden changes in speed or direction
•
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope_ If tires lose traction,
disengage the blades and proceed slowly straightdown the
slope
DO NOT:
•
•
•
I
Donottumonslopesunlessnecessary,
andthen,turnslowly
and gradually downhill, if possible.
Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments
The
mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge
of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in
Do not mow on wet grass Reduced traction could cause
sliding
Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the
ground
Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously
injured or interfere with safe machine operation
Never allow children to operate the machine
Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other obiects that may obscure vision
IV.
Slopes are a ma or factor related to ]oss_of-control and tipover
accidents, which can resu t n severe njury or death A s opes
require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel
uneasy on it, do not mow iL
•
CHILDREN
Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment bolts, tight
and keep equipment in good condition
Never tamper with safety devices
Check their proper
operation regularly
Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris build-up.
Clean oil or fuel spillage
Allow machine to cool before
storing
Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object.
Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running.
Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and
detedoraiion, which could expose moving parts or allow
objects to be thrown. Frequently check components and
replace with manufacturer's recommended parts, when necessary
Mower blades are sharp and can cut Wrap the blade(s) or
wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
Check brake operation frequently
Adjust and service as
required
&
tant safety precautions.
It means
CAUTION!!! BECOMEALERTlf!
YOUR
LookforthissymboltopointoutimporSAFETY
IS INVOLVED°
CAUTION:
Always disconnect spark
plug wire and place wire where it cannot
contact spark plug in order to prevent
accidental starting when setting up,
transporting,
adjusting
or making
repairs.
2
PRODUCT
CONGRATULATIONS
on your purchase of a Sears
tractor. It has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give you the best possible dependability and
performance_
Should you experience any problem you cannot easily
remedy, please contact your nearest Sears Service
Center/Department.
We nave competent, well-trained
technicians and the proper tools to service or repair this
unit.
Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will
enable you to assemble and maintain your unit properly
Always observe the "SAFETY RULES".
MODEL
NUMBER
917.255450
SPECIFICAT ONS
HORSEPOWER:
140
GASOLINE CAPACITY:
35 GALLONS
UNLEADED REGULAR
OIL (35 PINTS w/o FILTER)
(4,0 PINTS w/FILTER)
SAE 30 (Above 32°F)
5W-30 (Below 32°F)
SPARK PLUG (GAP030
CHAMPION
RC12YC
VALVE CLEARANCE:
INTAKE:
EXHAUST:
0015-.0030
.0020-0035
GROUND SPEED:
FORWARD:
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
REVERSE:
1.10
1,40
2,00
3.00
4.20
5.00
1.50
IN):
SERIAL
NUMBER
DATE OF PURCHASE
THE MODELAND SERIAL NUMBERS WILL BE FOUND
ON A PLATE UNDER THE SEA']'.
YOU SHOULD RECORD BOTH SERIAL NUMBER AND
DATE OF PURCHASE AND KEEP IN A SAFE PLACE
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
MAINTENANCE
AGREEMENT
RESPONSiBILiTiES
Read and observe the safety rules,
o
Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and
using your unit.
o
Follow the instructions under "Customer Responsibilities" and "Storage" sections of this owner's manual.
LIMITED
TWO YEAR WARRANTY
FRONT: 14 PSI
REAR: 10 PSI
CHARGING SYSTEM:
3 AMPS Battery
5 AMPS Headlights
BLADE BOLT TORQUE:
30-35 FT, LBS.
MPH
MPH
MPH
MPH
MPH
MPH
MPH
WARNING: This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-covered
land unless the engine's exhaust system is equipped with
a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws/if
any), If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained _n
effective working order by the operator,
A Sears maintenance agreement is available on this product Contact your nearest Sears store for details.
CUSTOMER
TIRE PRESSURE:
IN
IN,
In the state of California the above is required by law
CSection 4442 of the California Public Resources Code).
Other states may have similar laws, Federal laws apply on
federal lands_ A spark arrester for the muffler is available
throughyour nearest Sears authorized service center (See
the "REPAIR PARTS" section of this manual)
ON ELECTRIC
START RIDING EQUIPMENT
For two (2) years from the date of purchase, if this riding equipment is maintained, lubricated and tuned up according to the
instructions in the owner's manual, Sears will repair or replace, free of charge, any parts found to be defective in matedal or
workmanship.
This Warranty does not cover:
,,
Expendable items which become worn during normal use, such as blades, spark plugs, air cleaners and belts.
Tire replacement or repair caused by punctures from outside objects, such as nails, thorns, stumps, or glass
•
Repairs necessary because of operator abuse, negligence, improper storage or accident or the failure to maintain the
equipment according to the instructions contained in the owner's manual.
o
Riding equipment used for commercial or rental purposes
LiMiTED 90 DAY WARRANTY
ON BATTERY
For 90 days from date of purchase, if any battery included with this riding equipment proves defective in material or workmanship
and our testing determines the battery will not hold a charge, Sears will replace the battery at no charge.
WARRANTY SERVICE
CENTER/DEPARTMENT
IS AVAILABLE BY RETURNING
IN THE UNITED STATES_
THE RIDING
EQUIPMENT
TO THE NEAREST
SEARS SERVICE
This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which may vary from state to state
SEARS, ROEBUCK AND CO, D/817WA, HOFFMAN ESTATES, IL 60179
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY RULES ............................................................
2
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ....................................... 3
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
..................... 3, 15-18
WARRANTY ...................................................................
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................
4
INDEX .....................................................
;....................... 4
TRACTOR ACCESSORIES ........................................... 5
ASSEMBLY ..............................................................
7-10
OPERATION ...........................................................
11-14
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ...................................... 15
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS ............................ 19-23
STORAGE ....................................................................
24
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................
25-26
REPAIR PARTS - TRACTOR .................... ;............. 25-45
REPAIR PARTS - ENGINE ..................................... 46-51
PARTS ORDERING/SERVICE ................... BACK PAGE
nNDEX
A
Accessories ....................................................
5
Adjustments:
Brake ................................................ 21
Carburetor ..........................................
23
Mower
Front-To-Back .......................... 20
Side-To-Side ........................... 20
Throttle Control Cable ......................
23
Air Filter, Engine .................................... 17
Air Screen, Engine ................................ 17
Assembly
..............................................7-10
B
Battery:
Charging ......................................
8
Cleaning .............................................16
installation ....................................... 9
Levels ........................................8,16-17
Preparation ........................................8
Starting with Weak Battery .......... 22
Storage ............................................. 24
Terminals ........................................ 16
Belt:
Motion Drive
Removal/Replacement
................
2!
Mower Blade Drive
Removal/Replacerrrent .............21
Blade:
E
Electrical:
Operation ....................................
11-14
Schematic .......................................
27
Operating Mower
...................................
13
Options:
Wiring Diagram ........................... 28
Accessories ..............................................
6
Engine:
Air Filter .............................................17
Spark Arrester ................................
3,36
Air Filter Foam Pre-Cleaner ........ 17
P
Air Screen ...................................
17
Parking Brake .............................
11-12
OilChange ....................................
17
Parts Bag ......................................................6
Oil Level .................................. 13,17
Parts, Replacement/Repair
_.......... 28-51
Oil Type ........................................ 17
Product Specifications ......................
3
Preparation .................................... 13
R
Repair Farts ...............................44-49
Starting .................................................
14
Repair Parts .................................... 28-45
Storage ..............................................
24
S
F
Safety Rules .............................................. 2
Filter:
Seat .....................................
8
Air Filter .......................................... 17
Service and Adjustments ..............
19-23
Air Filter Foam Pre-Cleaner ..........17
Carburetor .........................................23
Fuel .............................................
18
Fuse ...............
...........................
22
Oil..................................................
18
Motion Drive Belt
Fuel:
Removal/Replacement
.............21
Type .......................................
13
Mower Blade Drive Belt
Storage ............................................ 24
Removal/Replacement
..............21
Fuse ........................................................
22
Mower Adjustment
L
Front- to-Back ......................... 20
Leveling Mower Deck .............................20
Lubrication:
Side-to-Side ....... _.................... 20
Mower Removal .......................
19
Chart ...........................................
15
Tire Care ...................................8,16,22
M
Slope Guide Sheet .........................
51
MairrtenanceSchedule........................
I5
Spark Plugs ...............................
18
c
Mower:
Specifications
.............................
3
Carburetor Adjustment ....................... 23
Starting the Engine ..............................
13-14
Adjustment, Front-to-Back ........... 20
Controls, Tractor ..........................................
11
Steering Wheel ....................
:.............
7,22
Adjustment, Side-to-Side ..............20
Customer Responsibilities ............. 15-18
SteppingtheTractor........................
12
Blade Sharpening .............................16
Engine:
Blade Replacement ....................... 16
Storage .................................................... 24
Ah Filter ..................................... 17
T
Cutting Height .................................
12
Air Filter Foam Pre-Cleaner .... 17
Installation ..................................... 19
Throttle Control Cable
Air Screen, Engine .....................17
Operation ..............................................
13
Adjustment ...........................
28
Battery ..................................... 16
Removal .........................................
19
Tires
.
....................................
8,16,22
Engine Oil ................................. 17
Mowing Tips ........................................... 14
Fuel Filter ......................................18
Trouble Shooting Chart ...................
25-26
Muffler.
........................................................
18
Oil Filter .........................................18
Transaxle:
Spark Arrester ............................. 3,36
Spark Plugs ..................................18
Mulcher Plate ............................................
10
Repair Parts ............................... 44-45
Tractor:
W
0
Blade ..............................................16
Oil:
Warranty.................................
3
Lubrication Chart ....................... 15
Wiring Diagram ....................................... 28
Cold Weather Conditions .......
13,17
Maintenance Schedule ............. 15
Engine ..................................................
17
Wiring Schematic ..........................
27
Tire Care ........................... 8,16,22
Filter .........................................................
18
Cutting Height, Mower .........................
12
Storage .....................................
24
Sharpening ..................................... 16
Replacement ..............................
16
Brake Adjustment .................................. 21
4
ACCESSORIES
AND ATTACH
These accessories and attachments were available when the unit was purchased, They are also available at most Sears retail outlets,
catalog and service centers Most Sears stores can order these items for you when you provide the model number of your tractor_
ENGINE
SPARK PLUG
MAINTENANCE
MUFFLER
AIR FILTER
GAS CAN
ENGINE OIL
STABILIZER
BLADES
BELTS
PERFORMANCE
Sears offers a wide variety of attachments that fit your vehicle Many of these are listed below with brief explanations of how they can
help you This list was current at the time of publication; however, it may change in future years- more attachments may be added, changes
may be made in these attachments, or some may no longer be available or fit your model, Contact your nearest Sears store for the
accessories and attachments that are available for your unit.
Most of these attachments
attaching and detaching
do not require additional hitches or conversion
PERMANEX BAGGER lets you collect
grass clippings and
leaves for a healthier, neater looking lawn
Two Permanex
containers hold 30-gallon plastic bags.
LAWN SWEEPERS
kits (those that do are indicated) and are designed for easy
SNOW BLADE for snow removal only
14-inch high, 42-inch
wide blade clears 38-inch path when angled left or right Raises,
lowers with side lever Adjustable skids; replaceable, reversible
scraperbar
(Use with tire chains, wheel weights, or rear drawbar
weight)
let you collect grass clippings and leaves,
LAWN VACS for powerful collection of heavy grass clippings and
leaves, Wand attachment to pick up debris in hard-to-reach
places.
SNOWTHROWER has 40-inch swath Drum-type auger handles
powdery and wet/heavy snow. Mounts easily with simple pin
arrangement
Discharge chute adjusts from tractor seat 6-inch
diameter spout discharges snow 10 to 50 feet Lift controlled at
tractor seat. (Use with chains, wheel weights, or rear drawbar
weight)
CARTS make hauling easy, Variety of sizes available
ROLLER for smoother lawn surface.
36-inch wide, 18-inch
diameterwater-tight drum holds up to 390 Ibs. of weight. Rounded
edges prevent harm to turf, Adjustable scraper automatically
cleans drum
TIRE CHAINS are heavy duty; closely spaced extra-large cross
links give smooth ride, outstanding traction,
SPREADER/SEEDERS
make seeding, fertilizing, and weed
killing easy
Broadcast spreaders are also useful for granular
de-icers and sand
WHEEL WEIGHTS for rear wheels provide needed traction for
snowremovalordozingheavymaterials.
Inpairs (301bs each)
TRACTOR CAB has heavy duty vinyl fabric over tubular steel
frame, ABS plastic top; clear plastic windshield offers 360 degree
visibility Hinged metal doors with catch. Keeps operatorwarm
and dry. Remove vinyl and windshields for use as sun protector
in summer. (Catalog only,)
CORING AERATOR takes small plugs out of soil to allow moisture and nutrients to reach grass roots. 36-inch swath. 24
hardened steel coring tips 150 Ib capacity weight tray
AERATOR promotes deep root growth for a healthy lawn. Tapered 2 5-inch steel spikes mounted on 10-inch diameter discs
puncture holes in soil at close intervals to let moisture soak in
Steel weight tray for increased penetration.
Optional accessories
for tractor cab: tinted/tempered solid
safety glass windshield with hand operated wiper; 12-volt amber
caution light for mounting on cab top. (Catalog only )
MULCH RAKE/DETHATCHER
loosens soil and flips thatch and
matted leaves to lawn surface foreasy pickup. Twenty spring line
teeth, Useful to prepare bare areas for seeding. Available for front
or rear mounting.
SPRAYERS use 12-volt DC electric motor that connects to the
tractor battery or other 12-volt source
Includes booms for
automatic spraying when pulling, and hand held wand for spot
spraying
Wand has adjustable spray pattern
For applying
herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, and liquid fertilizers
TRACTOR COVER protects tractor from weather.
Made of
Evolution 3 fabric (water-repellent, extremely breathable, light
weight, soft, non-abrasive, pliable in all temperatures, durable,
stain/teadpuncture
resistant, will not shrink or stretch_) (Catalog
only_)
TILLER has 5 hp engine and 36_inch swath to prepare seed beds,
cultivate, and compost garden residue. Tiller has its own built-in
lift and depth control system and does NOT require a sleeve hitch
Fits any lawn, yard, or garden tractor_ Simply hook up to the
tractor drawbar and gol
5
CONTENTS OF HARDWARE PACK
Parts Bag contents shown full size
Parts packed
separately
in carton
÷
Battery acid
Seat
z
!
(1) Knob
__
Plate
Steering
Wheel
Battery
(1) Shoulder Bolt
5/16-18
m
t
I
Steering
Sleeve
J
I
I
Owner's Manual
Parts Bag
Parts bag contents not shown full size
o
(1) Washer
17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Ga
(2) Shoulder
Bolts
@
(2) Screws
#10 x 5/8
@
(2) Washers
(2) Lock Washers
(2) Gauge
Wheels
Steering
_Wheel
Insert
#10
(2) Keys
(2) Weld Nuts #10
(2) Battery Carriage Bolts 1/4-20 x 7-1/2
3/16 x 3/4 x 16 Gauge
(2) Hex Bolts
(2) Flange Locknuts
'
3/8-16
1/4-20 x 3/4
@
(2) Washers
9/32 x 5/8 x 16 Gauge
®
Q
Terminal Guard
(2) Hex Nuts 1/4-20
(2) Lock Washers
Assemblies
1/4
15° Slope Sheet
(2) Wing Nuts 1/4 - 20
6
Ii '
I
i
i
I
I
i
i
Battery Caps
and instructmns
ASSEMBLY
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with exception of these parts left unassembled for shipping purposes.
To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use
the correct tools as necessary to insure their proper tightness.
TOOLS REQUmRED FOR ASSEMBLY
STEERING
WHEEL
A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard
wrench sizes are listed
_-" .........
(2) 7/16" wrenches
(1) Tire pressure gauge
(1) Screwdriver
(1)
3/4" socket w/drive ratchet
(1) 1/2" wrench
(1)
Utility knife
HEX LOCKNUT
=D.,_
FLAT WASHER
_
TEERING
(1) 9/16" wrench
When right and left hand is mentioned in this manual, it
means when you are in the operating position (seated
behind the steering wheel).
TO REMOVE
UNPACK
o
o
•
WHEEL
UNIT FROM CARTON
,
CARTON
WHEEL
STEERING
ADAPTER
Remove all accessible loose parts and parts cartons
from carton (See page 6).
Cut along lines on the carton, from top to bottom, all
four corners of carton and lay panels flat,
Check for any additional loose parts or cartons and
_
.,
,_ST
STEERING
SHAFT
EERING
\
remove.
/
BEFORE
ATTACH
ROLLING
STEERING
/
/
UNiT OFF SKiD
WHEEL
(See
Fig. 1)
°
Remove Iocknut and large fiat washer from steering
shaft.
•
Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing
straight forward..
o
Slide the steering sleeve over the steering shafL
o
Position steering wheel so cross bars are horizontal
(left to right) and slide onto adapter.
•
Secure steering wheel to steering shaft with locknut
and large flat washer previously removed. Tighten
securely_
•
Snap steering wheel insert into center of steering
wheel
FIG. 1
°
Remove protective plastic from tractor hood and grill
IMPORTANT: CHECK FOR AND REMOVE ANY STAPLES
IN SKID THAT MAY PUNCTURE TIRES WHERE UNIT IS
TO ROLL OFF SKID,
TO ROLL UNIT OFF SKID (See Fig. 8)
°
Raise attachment lift lever to its highest position_
•
Release parking brake by depressing clutch/brake
pedal.
o
Place gearshift lever in "NEUTRAL" position.
°
Roll unit backwards off skid.
°
Remove banding holding discharge guard up against
tractor.
7
ASSE
LY
HOW TO SET UP YOUR TRACTOR
PREPARE BA'I-rERY (See Fig. 2)
INSTALL
Remove cardboard packing on seat pan.
o
Place seat on pan and assemble shoulder bolt.
Wash hands or clothing immediately
if
accidentally in contact with battery acid.
o
Assemble adjustment knob and flat washer loosely.
Do not tighten,
Do not smoke. Fumes from charged battery acid are explosive.
o
Tighten shoulder bolt securely_
Wear eye and face shield.
Read the instructions included with the
battery vent caps. Always wear gloves,
clothing and goggles to protect your hands,
skin and eyes.
Your unit has a battery charging system which is sufficient
for normal use However, periodic charging of the battery
with an automotive charger will extend its life.
°
Lower seat into operating position and sit on seat,
.
Slide seat until a comfortable position is reached which
allows you to press clutch/brake pedal ai! the way
down.
o
Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.
o
Raise seat and tighten adjustment knob securely.
SEAT
See instructions packed with vent caps in parts bag.
Fill battery with acid. Fill each cell until it reaches the
bottom of the vent wells_ Do not overfill.
Allow battery to stand and settle for at least thirty
minutes. After standing, check the level of acid_ If
below the vent wells, add more acid until the correct
level is reache&
•
(See Fig. 3)
o
CAUTION:
o
o
SEAT
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment knob.
SEAT PAN
SHOULDER
BOLT
While battery is standing (after adding acid) and later, while
battery is being charged, continue with assembly of uniL
IMPORTANT:
TO MAXIMIZE THE LIFE OF YOUR
BATTERY, IT IS NECESSARY THAT THE BATTERY BE
CHARGED BEFORE USE
FAILURE TO CHARGE
BATTERY CAN RESULT IN A SHORTENED BATTERY
LIFE
o
Charge battery at a rate of 6 amperes for 1 hour_ Use
a 12 volt battery charger, Observe all safety precautions required for battery charging
=LATWASHER
ADJUSTMENT
KNOB
Check the acid level after the battery is charged. If the
acid has fallen below the correct level, add distilled or
iron free water_
FIG. 3
Install the vent caps to cover the vent well& Wash the
top of the battery with water to remove any acid, then
wipe dry
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
The tires on your unit were overinflated at the factory for
shippingpurposes, Correcttire
pressureisimportant
for
best cutting performance.
Check battery case for leakage to make sure that no
damage has occurred in handling.
•
Dispose of excess battery aci& Neutralize acid for
disposal by adding it to four inches of water in a five
gallon plastic container. Stir with a wooden or plastic
paddle while adding baking soda until the addition of
more soda causes no more foaming
Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in "PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS" on page 3 of this manual
CHECK
DECK LEVELNESS
For best cutting results, mower housing should be properly
leveled
See "TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING" in the
Service and Adjustments section of this manual
Follow instructions on how to install battery
VENT CAP
CUT AWAY VIEW
CHECK
BELTS
VENT WELL
I
FOR PROPER
POSITION
OF ALL
See the figures that are shown for replacing motion, mower
drive, and mower blade drive belts in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual. Verify that the belts are
routed correctly.
FIG. 2
8
ASSEMBLY
CHECK
BRAKE
SYSTEM
WINGNUTS
TERMINAL
GUARD
After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see
that the brake is properly adjusted, See "TO ADJUST
BRAKE" in the Service and Adjustments section of this
manual,
TERMINAL
DOORS
INSTALL
BATTERY
(See Figs. 4 and 5)
BATTERY
BOLT
CAUTION: Do not short battery terminals. Before installing battery, remove
metal bracelets,
wristwatch bands,
rings, etc.
VENT CAPS
\
KEY HOLE
Positive terminal must be connected
first to prevent sparking from accidental grounding.
FIG. 5
Raise hood.
o
ASSEMBLE
GAUGE
DECK (See Fig, 6)
Make sure drain tube is fastened to drain hole in battery
tray and battery tray is positioned in hole of battery
support.
•
Place battery in plastic tray, battery terminals to front of
tractor.
•
First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) battery
terminal with hex bolt, flat washer, lock washer and hex
nut as shown. Tighten securely
Slide the two battery bolts through the terminal guard
and start the wing nuts onto the threads.
•
Position terminal guard over the battery as shown, lower
bolts into key holes and slide square shafts of bolts into
slots of key holes
o
Tighten wing nuts by hand making sure battery bolts
remain in slots of the key holes in the battery support.
Be sure terminal access doors are close&
,
WHEELS
TO
MOWER
Assemble gauge wheels with tractor on a flat level surtace.
Adjust mower to desired cutting height (See 'q-O ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT" in the Operation
section of this manual).
Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative (-) battery
terminal with remaining hex bolt, flat washer, lock washer
and hex nut Tighten securely.
o
BATTERY TRAY
o
With mower in desired height of cut position, gauge
wheels should be assembled so they are slightly off the
groun& Install gauge wheel in appropriate hole with
shoulder bolt and flange Iocknut and tighten securely.
o
Repeat for opposite side installing gauge wheel in
same adjustment hole
GAUGE WHEEL
MOUNTING
BRACKET
Use terminal access doors for:
°
Inspection for secure connections (totighten hardware).
•
Inspection for corrosion.
•
Testing battery
°
Jumping (if required).
°
Periodic charging
FLANGE
LOCKNUT /
GAUGE WHEEL/'_
FIG. 6
FLAT
WASHER
LOCK
(POSITIVE)
HEX NUT_
(NEGATIVE)
BLACK CABLE
%o...--._SHOULDER
"_"
BRAIN TUBE
FIG. 4
9
BOLT
ASSEMBLY
INSTALL
o
MULCHER
TO CONVERT
DISCHARGING
(See Figs. 7A & 713)
PLATE
Install two latch hooks to muicher plate using screw,
washer, lock washer, and weld nut as shown.
Tighten hardware securely
°
Raise and hold deflector shield in upright position.
°
Place front of mulcher plate over front of mower deck
opening and slide into place, as shown.
•
Hook front latch into hole on front of mower deck.
o
Hook rear latch into hole on back of mower deck.
J CHECKLIST
BEFORE YOU OPERATE AND ENJOY YOUR NEW
TRACTOR, WE WISH TO ASSURE THAT YOU RECEIVE
THEBES T PERFORMANCE AND SA TISFACTION FROM
THIS QUALITY PRODUCT
PLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING
CAUTION: Do not remove discharge
guard from mower, Raise and hold
guard when attaching mulcher plate
and allow it to rest on plate while in
operation.
WELD NUT
WELD.
NUT _
LOCK
WASHER
I
HOOK POINTS
_DOWN
/f
\
=_
r
\
q/SCREW
LATCH
HOOK
,/
All assembly instructions have been completed.
,/
No remaining loose parts in carton_
v'
Battery is properly prepared and charged.
1 hour at 6 amps)_
,/
Seat is adjusted comfortably
,/
All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes,
the tires were over-inflated at the factory).
,/
Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/
front-to-rear for best cutting results. (Tires must be
properly inflated for leveling).
,/
Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed
properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers.
,/
Check wiring. See that all connections are still Secure
and wires are properly clamped
WELD
NUT
(Minimum
and tightened securely.
,,"
Engine oil is at proper level
,/
Fuel tank is fillf_d with fresh, clean, regular unleaded
gasoline.
Become familiar with all corrtrois - their location and
function. Operate them before you start the engine..
WASHER
WASHER
MULCHER
PLATE
CHECK!_IST:
WHILE LEARNING HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR, PAY
EXTRA ATTENTION TO THE FOLL OWING IMPORTANT
ITEMS:
HOOK
LOCK
WASHER
OR
Simply remove mulcher plate and stere in a safe place.
Your mower is now ready for discharging Dr'installation of
optional grass catcher accessory_
NOTE: Pre-assemble weld nut to latch hook by inserting
weld nut from the top with hook pointing down.
•
TO BAGGING
,/
_'"_SCREW
,I
FIG, 7A
DEFLECTOR
SHIELD
LATCH
FIG. 7B
10
Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.
OPERATION
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR
READ THIS OWNER'S
MANUAL
AND SAFETY
RULES
BEFORE
OPERATING
YOUR TRACTOR,
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the location of various controls and adjustments
this manual for future reference_
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH LEVER
Save
IGNITION SWITCH
LIGHT SWITCH
"LIFT LEVER
PARKING
LEVER
CLUTCH/BRAKE
PEDAL
HE{GHTADJUSTMENT
KNOB
- GEARSHIFT
BRAKE
LEVER
FIG. 8
Sears tractors conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute,
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER- Used to engage mower
blades or other attachments mounted to your tractor,
ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to raise and lower
GEARSHIFT LEVER - Selects the speed and direction of
the tractor.
IGNITION SWITCH - Used to start and stop the engine.
PARKING BRAKE LEVER - Locks clutch/brake pedal into
the brake position,
THROTTLE/CHOKE
CONTROL - Used for starting and
centroling engine speed,
LIFT LEVER PLUNGER - Used to release attachment lift
lever when changing its position.
mower deck or other attachments mounted to your tractor,
CLUTCH/BRAKE
PEDAL - Used for declutching and
braking the tractor and starting the engine.
HEIGHTADJUSTMENT
KNOB- Used to adjust the mower
height.
LIGHT SWITCH - Turns the headlights on and off,
11
OPERATmON
The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can result
G_SSE_ in severe eye damage. Always wear safety _llasses or eye shields before starting your tractor
and while moving. We recommend Wide Vision Safety Mask for over the spectacles or standard
safety glasses.
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
TO MOVE FORWARD
TO SET PARKING
(See Fig. 9)
o
BRAKE
Depress clutch/brake
and hold
(See Fig. 9)
pedal into full "BRAKE" position
The direction and speed of movement is controlled by the
gearshift lever.
Place parking brake lever in "ENGAGED" position and
release pressure from clutch/brake pedal. Pedal should
remain in "BRAKE" position_ Make sure parking brake
will hold vehicle secure.
STOPPING
(See
Fig.
.
Start tractor with clutch/brake pedal depressed
gearshift lever in "NEUTRAL" position_
.
Move gearshift
lever to desired position_
9)
Move attachment clutch lever to "DISENGAGED"
sition_
poATTACHMENT
CLUTCH LEVER
"ENGAGED"
POSITION
GROUND DRIVE •
THRO!"rLE/CHOKE
CONTROL
Depress clutch/brake pedal into full "BRAKE" position
°
Move gearshift lever to "NEUTRAL" position_
ENGINE -
"DISENGAGED"
POSITION
Move throttle control to "SLOW"position
PARKING BRAKE
"ENGAGED'POSITION
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control to "SLOW" position
and allowing engine to idle before stopping may cause
engine to "backfire"
•
Turn ignition key to "OFF" position and rernove key.
Always remove key when leaving vehicle to prevent
unauthorized use.
•
"BRAKE"
POSITION
Never use choke to stop engine
HEIGHT
ADJUSTMENTKNOB
NOTE: Under certain conditions when unit is standing idle
with the engine running, hot engine exhaust gasses may
cause "browning" of grass. To eliminate this possibility,
always stop engine when stopping unit on grass araas_
I
_
_k
TO USE
CAUTION: Always stop unit completely,
as described above, before leaving the
operator's
position; to empty grass
catcher, etc.
THROTTLE
CONTROL
and
•
Slowly release clutch/brake pedal to start movemenL
IMPORTANT: BRING TRACTOR TO A COMPLETE STOP
BEFORE SHIFTING OR CHANGING GEARS. FAILURE
TO DO SO WILL SHORTEN THE USEFUL LIFE OF YOUR
TRANSAXLE_
MOWER BLADES °
AND BACKWARD
(See
CLUTCH/BRAKE
PEDAL
"DRIVE"
"DISENGAGED"
POSITION
POSITION
FIG. 9
TO ADJUST
MOWER
CUTTING
HEIGHT
(See Fig. 9)
I
i
The cutting height is controlled by turning the height adjustrnent knob in desired direction_
Fig. 9)
=
Turn knob clockwise to raise cutting height
Always operate engine at full throttle
=
Turn knob counterclockwise
•
Operating engine at less than full throttle reduces the
battery charging rate,
•
Full throttle offers the best bagging mower performance_
The cutting height range is approximately 1-1/4" to 3-3/4'L
The heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip
with the engine not running These heights are approximate and may vary depending upon soil conditions, height
of grass and types of grass being mowed.
12
to lower cutting height.
o
The average lawn should be cut to approximately
2-1/2 inches during the cool season and to over 3
inches during hot months_ For healthier and better
looking lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.
=
For best cutting performance, grass over 6 inches in
height should be mowed twice
Make the first cut
relatively high; the second to desired heighL
OP
TO OPERATE
MOWER
TO TRANSPORT
(See Fig. 10)
Your unit is equipped with an operator presence sensing
switch.. Any attempt by the operator to leave the seat with
the engine running and the mower clutch engaged will shut
off the engine.
•
Select desired height of cut, using height adjustment
knob.
o
Lower mower with lift lever.
o
Engage mower by slowly moving mower clutch lever to
"ENGAGED" position.
TO STOP MOWER - Move mower clutch lever to
"DISENGAGED" position.
°
POSITION
When pushing or towing your unit, be sure gearshift
lever is in "NEUTRAL" position.
°
Do not push unit at more than five (5) MPH
BEFORE STARTING
THE
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
ATTACHMENT
LIFT LEVER HIGH
'"
Raise attachment lift control to highest position_
•
NOTE: To protect hood from damage when transporting
your tracot on a truck or atrailer, be sure hood is closed and
secured totractor. Use an appropriate means of tying hood
to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).
CAUTION: Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher,
on mowers so equipped, or the discharge guard in place.
"ENGAGED"
o
LOW
POSITION
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH LEVER
='DISENGAGED"
POSITION
ENGINE
°
The engine in your unit has been shipped, from the
factory, already filled with summer weight oil
•
Check engine oil with unit on level ground.
°
Unfhread and remove the oil fill cap/dipstick; wipe oil
off. Reinsert the dipstick into the tube and rest the oil
fill cap on the tube. Do not thread the cap onto the tube.
Remove and read oil level If necessary, add oil until
"FULL." mark on dipstick is reached. Do not overfill.
•
For cold weather operation you should change oi! for
easier starting (see "OIL VISCOSITY CHART" in the
Customer Responsibilities section of this manual).
o
To change engine oil, see the Customer Responsibilities section in this manual.
ADD GASOLINE
=
Fill fuel tank
Use fresh, clean, regular unleaded
gasoline (Use of leaded gasoline will increase carbon
and lead oxide deposits and reduce valve life).
IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES
BELOW 32°F(0°0), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE
GASOLINE TO HELP INSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER
STARTING
WARNING:
Experience indicates that alcohol blended
fuels (called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can
attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of
acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel
system of an engine while in storage. To avoid engine
problems, the fuel system should be emptied before storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the
engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are
empty, Use fresh fuel next season. See Storage Instructions for additional information.
Never use engine or
carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
FIG. 10
TO OPERATE
_
ON HILLS
hills with slopes greater than 15 ° and
CAUTION:
not drive
up or down
do not drive Do
across
any slope.
I
°
Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down
hills.
o
Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.
o
If slowing is necessary, move throttle control lever to
slower position.
•
If stopping is absolutely necessary, push clutch/brake
pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking
brake.
•
Move gearshift
o
To restart movement, move gearshift lever to 1st gear.
Be sure you have allowed room for unit to roll slightly as
you restart movement.
o
Slowly release parking brake and clutch/brake
o
Make all turns slowly
I
CAUTION:
Fill to bottom of gas tank
filler neck. Do not overfill. Wipe off any
spilled oil or fuel. Do not store, spill or
use gasoline near an open flame.
lever to "NEUTRAL" position.
pedal
13
n
OPERATION
TO
START
ENGINE
(See Fig.
10)
When starting engine for the first time or if engine has run
out of fuel, it will take extra cranking time to move fue! from
the tank to the engine.
•
Depress clutch/brake
pedal and set parking brake.
•
Place gearshift lever in "NEUTRAL" position.
Move attachment clutch to "DISENGAGED"
position.
o
If grass is extremely tall, it should be mowed twice
to reduce load and possible fire hazard from dried
clippings
Make first cut relatively high; the second
to the desired height,
•
Do not mow grass when it is weL Wet grass will
plug mower and leave undesirable clumps.
Allow
grass to dry before mowing
o
Always operate engine at full throttle when mowing
to assure better mowing performance and proper discharge of materiaL Regulate ground speed by selecting a low enough gear to give the mower cutting
performance as well as the quality of cut desired,,
When operating attachments, select a ground speed
that will suit the terrain and give best performance of
the attachment being used.
o
Move throttle corrtrol lever to "CHOKE" position for
cold engine start. For warm engine start, move throttle
control to "FAST" position,
o
Insert key into ignition and turn key clockwise to"START"
position and release key as soon as engine starts. Do
not run starter continuously for more than fifteen
seconds per minute. If engine does not start after
several attempts, move throttle control to "FAST" position, wait a few minutes and try again,
.
o
When engine starts, move throttle control to desired
position.
o
Allow engine to warm up for a few minutes before
engaging drive or attachment&
IMPORTANT:
FOR BEST PERFORMANCE,
KEEP
MOWER HOUSING FREE OF BUILT-UP GRASS AND
TRASH CLEAN AFTER EACH USE
• The special mulching blade will recut the grass clippings many times and reduce them in size so that as
they fall onto the lawn they will disperse into the grass
and not be noticed_ Also, the mulched grass will
biodegrade quickly to provide nutrients for the lawn.
Always mulch with your highest engine (blade) speed
as this will provide the best recutting action of the
blades.
MULCHING
NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000 feet) or in cold
temperatures (below 32 ° F), the carburetor fuel mixture
may need to be adjusted for best engine performance. See
"TO ADJUST CARBURETOR" in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual
MOWING
TiPS
o
Tire chains cannot be used when the mower housing is attached to unit.
°
Mower' should be properly leveled for best mowing
performance. See "TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING"
in the Service arrd Adjustments
section of this
manual,
MOWING
TIPS
•
Avoid cutting your lawn when it is wet. Wet grass
tends to form clumps and interferes with the mulching
action. The best time to mow your lawn is the early
afternoon. At this time the grass has dried and the
newly cut area will not be exposed to the direct sun_
,,
Drive so that clippings are discharged onto the area
that has been cuL Have the cut area to the right of
the machine
This will result in a more even distribution of clippings and more uniform cutting.
For best results, adjust the mower cutting height so
that the mower cuts off only the top one-third of the
grass blades (See Fig. 12). For extremely heavy
mulching, reduce your width of cut and mow slowly.
o
When mowing large areas, start by turning to the
right so that clippings will discharge away from
shrubs, fences, driveways, etc. After one or two
rounds, mow in the opposite direction making left
hand turns until finished (See Fig 11)
Certain types of grass and grass conditions may
require that an area be mulched a second time to
completely hide the clippings. When doing a second
cut, mow across or perpendicular to the first cut path.
o
Change your cutting pattern from week to week. Mow
north to south one week then change to east to west
the next week. This will help prevent matting and
graining of the lawn
The left hand side of mower should be used for trimming.
f
MAX 1/3
_21
FIG. 11
FIG. 12
14
! '
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBmLITIES
FILL IN DATES
AS YOU COMPLETE
REGULAR SERVICE
T
___
_._'j_cb_._j_£._'5_"
._Y£-4_"'_,_,_
Check Brake Operation
_
6##
Check Tire Pressure
_
6#4
Check for Loose Fasteners
_
AR Sharpen/Replace
6##
Mower Blades
C
Lubrication Chart
T
Check Battery Level/Recharge
0
a
6##4
_
6#4
Clean Battery and Terminals
_
_#
CheckTransaxle
_4'
Cooling
Adjust Blade Belt(s) Tension
6##5
Adjust Motion Drive Belt(s) Tension
6#45
Check Engine Oil Level
_
Change Engine Oil
6##
6##
_1.2,3
E
Clean Air Filter
_2
N
Clean Air Screen
Inspect Muffler/SparkArrester
_2
G
N
S E R V IC E DATES
6#4
6_
Replace Oil Filter (if equipped)
6_1,2
clean Engine Cooling Fins
Replace Spark Plug
_2
_
Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge
_2
Replace Fuel Filter
_4'
$f
3 - If equipped with otl filter, change oil every 50 hours
4 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soiI
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures
2 - Service more olten when operating In dirty or dusly conditions
5 - If equippedwithadjustablesystem
GENERAL
LUBRICATION
Q SPtNDLE
ZERK
RECOMMENDATBONS
CHART
SPINDLE
ZERKQ
The warranty on this vehicle does not cover items that have
been subjected to operator abuse or negligence.
To
receive full value from the warranty, operator must maintain unit as instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to
properly maintain your uniL
BEARING
,FRONT WHEEL (_)
BEARING ZERK
ZERK
All adjustments in the Service and Adjustments section of
this manual should be checked at least once each season.
Once a year you should replace the spark plug, clean
or replace air filter, and check blades and belts for
wear, A new spark plug and clean air filter assure
proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better
and last longer,
BEFORE
EACH
CLUTCH
PIVOT(S)
USE
o
Check engine oil level,
°
Check brake operation,,
o
•
Check tire pressure,
Check for loose fasteners,
PIVOTS
(_SAE
30 OR 10W30 MOTOR OIL API - SG
(_)GENERAL
PURPOSE
GREASE
(_) REFER TO CUSTOMER
15
RESPONSIBILITIES
"ENGINE"
SECTION
IMPORTANT:
DO NOT OIL OR GREASE
THE PIVOT POINTS
WHICH HAVE SPECIAL
NYLON BEARINGS
VISCOUS
LUBRICANTS WILL ATTRACT
DUST AND DIRT THAT WILL SHORTEN
THE LIFE OF THE SELF-LUBRICATING
BEARINGS.
IF YOU
FEEL THEY MUST BE LUBRICATED,
USE ONLY A DRY, POWDERED GRAPHITE
TYPE LUBRICANT
SPARINGLY
CUSTOM
RESPONSmB LITMES
TRACTOR
TO SHARPEN
BLADE (See Fig. 14)
Care should be taken to keep the blade balanced. An
unbalanced blade will cause excessive vibration and eventual damage to mower and engine..
Always observe safety rules when performing any maintenance,
BRAKE
The blade can be sharpened with a file or on a grinding
wheel Do not attempt to sharpen while ori the mower.
OPERATION
If unit requires more than six (6) feet stopping d!stance at
high speed in highest gear, than brake must be ad usted
(See "TO ADJUST BRAKE" in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual).
TIRES
•
Maintain proper air pressure in all tires (See "PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS" on page 3 of this manual).
°
Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or klsect control chemicals which can harm rubber.
•
Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp objects and
other hazards that may cause tire damage.
•
To check blade balance, you will need a 5/8" diameter
steel bolt, pin, or a cone balancen (When using a cone
balancer, follow the instructions supplied with balancer),
o
Slide blade on to an unthreaded portion of the steel bolt
or pin and hold the bolt or pin parallel with the ground.
If blade is balanced, it should remain in a horizontal
position, If either end of the blade moves downward,
sharpen the heavy end until the blade is balanced.
NOTE: Do not use a nail for balancing blade, The lobes of
the center hole may appear to be centered, but are noL
CENTER
BLADE
HOLE
CARE
For'best results mower blades must be kept sharp_ Replace
bent or damaged blades
BLADE
REMOVAL
5/8" BOLT
(See Fig. 13)
Raise mower to highest position to allow access to
blades
•
OR PIN
J
Remove hex bolt, lock washer and flat washer securing
blade_
Install new or resharpened blade with trailing edge up
towards deck as shown,.
°
BLADE
FIG. 14
Reassemble hex bolt, lock washer and flat washer in
exact order as shown
BATTERY
(See Fig. 15)
Your unit has a battery charging system which is sufficient
for normal use_ However, periodic charging of the battery
with an automotive charger will extend it's life,
°
Tighten bolt securely (30-35 Ft Lb& torque)_
IMPORTANT: BLADE BQLT iS GRADE 8 HEATTREATED,
NOTE: We do not recommend sharpening blade---but if
rou do, be sure the blade is balance&
MANDREL
ASSEMBLY
BLADE
TRAILING
•
Acid solution level in each battery cell should be even
with bottoms of vent wells. Add only distilled or iron free
water if necessary. Do not overfill.
o
=
°
°
TO
Keep battery and terminals clean_
Keep battery boIts tighL
Keep vent caps tight and small vent holes in caps open.
Recharge at 6 amperes for 1 hour.
CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS -
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can cause
the battery to "leak" power
o Remove terminal guar&
°
Disconnect BLACK battery cable first, then RED battery cable and remove battery from tractor.
°
Wash battery with solution of four tablespoons of
baking soda to one gallon of water. Be careful not to get
the soda solution into the cell&
EDGE
FLAT WASHER
LOCK WASHER
HEX BOLT (GRADE 8)*
•
°
*A,GRADE 8 HEAT TREATED BOLT CAN BE
IDENTIFIED BY SIX LINES ON THE BOLT HEAD.
FIG. 13
=
o
16
Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.
Clean terminals and batterycable ends with wire brush
until brighL
Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.
Reinstall battery (See "INSTALL BATTERY" in the
Assembly section of this manua0.
CUSTOMER
RESPO
AIR
CUT AWAY VIEW
j
VENTCAP
BATTERY
: : ::
: : _: ::
::
:l: : ::
CELL
AC,O
:--"_:
LEVEL
V-BELTS
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after 100 hours
and replace if necessary. The belts are not adjustable.
Replace belts if they begin to slip from wear.
TRANSAXLE
COOLING
Keep transaxle free from build-up of dirt and chaff which
can restrict cooling
ENGINE
Only use high quality detergent oil rated with API service
classification SG. Select the oil's SAE viscosity grade
according to your expected operating temperature.
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
0°
-2oo
TEMPERATURE
30"
.loo
32 _ 40 =
6"
RANGE ANTICIPATED
(See Fig. 16)
Your engine will not run properly using a dirty air filter.
Clean the foam pre-cleaner element after every 25 hours of
operation or every season Service paper cartridge every
100 hours or every season, whichever occurs first.
Service air cleaner more often under dusty conditions
= Remove knob and cover.
Slide foam pre-cleaner off cartridge.
°
Wash it in liquid detergent and water
•
Squeeze it dry in a clean cloth.
o
Saturate it in engine oil Wrap it in clean, absorbent
cloth and squeeze to remove excess oil.
TO SERVICE CARTRIDGE
=
Gently tap the flat side of the paper cartridge to dislodge dirt_ Do not wash the paper cartridge or use
pressurized air, as this will damage the cartridge.
Replace a dirty, bent, or damaged cartridge.
°
Reinstall the pre-cleaner (cleaned and oiled) over the
paper cartridge.
°
Reassemble air cleaner, wing nut, cover and tighten
knob securely.
LUBRICATION
-20 _
FILTER
•
Remove wing nut and air cleaner from base.
TO SERVICE PRE-CLEANER
FIG. 15
-_o
_
mL TnES
60 _
;oo
80 °
40°
,COVER
AIR CLEANER
COVER
30"
KNOB
. WING NUT
BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W30, 10W30 etc)
improve starting in cold weather, these multi-viscosity oils
will result in increased oil consumption when used above
32°F. Check your engine oil level more frequently to avoid
possible engine damage from running low on oil,
FOAM
PRE-CLEANER
Change the oil after the first two hours of operation and
every 50 hours thereafter or at least once a year if the
tractor is not used for 50 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine
and after each eight (8) hours of continuous use. Tighten
oil fill cap/dipstick securely each time you check the oil
level.
CLEANER
BASE
AIR CLEANER
OIL FILL
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Fig. 16)
Be sure vehicle is on level surface.
Oil will drain more freely when warm.
Catch oil in a suitable container
o
Remove oil fill dipstick. Be careful not to allow dirt to
enter the engine when changing oil
•
Remove drain plug.
•
After oil has drained completely, replace oil drain plug
and tighten securely.
°
Refill engine with oil through oil fill dipstick tube. Pour
slowly, Do net overfill. For approximate capacity see
"PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS"
on page 3 of this
manual.
•
Use gauge on oil fill dipstick for checking level Do not
thread the cap onto the tube when taking reading.
Keep oil at"FU LL" line on dipstick. Tighten cap onto the
17
tube securely when finished.
AIR
DRAIN
PLUG
FIG. 16
CUSTOMER
RESPONS BnL T ES
CLEAN
AIR SCREEN
(See Fig. 16)
Air screen must be kept free of dirt and chaff to prevent
engine damage from overheating Clean with a wire brush
or compressed air to remove dirt and stubborn dried gum
fibers
CLEAN
AIR INTAKE/COOLING
MUFFLER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler and spark arrester (if
equipped) as it could create a fire hazard and/or damage,
SPARKPLUGS
Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each mowing
season or after every 100 hours of use, whichever comes
first. Spark plug type and gap setting are shown in
"PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS" on page 3 of this manual.
AREAS
To insure proper cooling, make sure the air intake screen,
cooling fins, and other external surfaces of the engine are
kept clean at all times
IN-LINE
FUEL FILTER
(See Fig. 18)
Fuel filter should be replaced once each season. If fuel filter
becomes clogged, obstructing fuel fl0w to carburetor, replacement is required.
Every 100 hours of operation (more often under extremely
dusty, dirty conditions), remove the blower' housing and
other cooling shrouds Clean the cooling fins and external
surfaces as necessary. Make sure the cooling shrouds are
reinstalled.
o
With engine cool, remove filter and plug fuel line
sections.
NOTE: Operating the engine with a blocked air intake
screen, dirty or plugged cooling fins, and/or cooling shrouds
removed, will cause engine damage due to overheating_
°
Place new fuel filter in position in fuel line with arrow
toward carburetor_
o
Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and clamps are
properly positioned.
ENGINE
OIL FILTER
(See Fig. 17)
Replace the engine oil filter every season or every other oil
change if the tractor is used more than 100 hours in one
year.
°
Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline_
•
Drain oil from engine crankcase ( See "TO CHANGE
ENGINE OIL" through step remove drain plug).
o
Remove oil filter drain plug located at base of oil filter
adapter. Allow oil filter to drain.
•
Remove oil filter' and wipe off filter' adapter. Reinstall oil
filter drain plug_
°
Apply a thin coating of new engine oil to the rubber
gasket on replacement oil filter.
°
CLAMP
FUEL FILTER /
Install replacement oil filter on filter adapter. Turn oil
filter clockwise until rubber gasket contacts the filter
adapter, then tighten filter an additional 1/2 turn.
FIG. 18
Fill crankcase with new oil ( See "TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL" in this section of this manual). For approximate capacity see "PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS" on
page 3 of this manual
•
CLEANING
IMPORTANT:
FOR BEST
PERFORMANCE,
KEEP
MOWER HOUSING
FREE OF BUILD-UP,
GRASS AND
TRASH
CLEAN UNDERSIDE
OF MOWER
HOUSING
AFTER EACH USE
Start the engine and check for oil leaks. Correct any
leaks before placing engine into full operation.
o
Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc_ of all foreign
matter.
°
Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline,
oil, etc.
°
Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
OIL FILTER
I
We do not recommend using a garden hose to clean your'
unit unless the electrical system, muffler, air filter' and
carburetor are covered to keep water' out. Water in engine
can result in a shortened engine life
OIL FILTER
FIGo 17
18
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
CAUTION:
BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE OR ADJUSTMENTS:
Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
o
o
B
Place gearshift lever in "NEUTRAL" position.
Place attachment clutch in "DISENGAGED"
position,
o
Turn ignition key "OFF" and remove key.
o
Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come in contact with
plugo
@
TRACTOR
TO REMOVE
MOWER
(See Fig. 19)
Mower will be easier to remove from the right side of tractor_
•
•
Place attachment clutch in "DISENGAGED" position,
Move attachment lift lever forward to lower mower to its
lowest position_
=
Rol! belt off engine pulley_
,,
Disconnect clutch rod from clutch Fever by removing
retainer spring
=
SPRING
SUSPENSION
Disconnect anti-sway bar from chassis bracket by
removing retainer spring
PULLEY
Disconnect suspension arms from rear deck brackets
by removing retainer springs.
•
Disconnect front links from deck by removing retainer
springs
°
Raise lift lever to raise suspension arms, Slide mower
out from under tractor.
IMPORTANT:
IF AN ATTACHMENT OTHER THAN THE
MOWER IS TO BE MOUNTED TO THE TRACTOR, THE
R.H. AND LH. SUSPENSION ARMS MUST BE REMOVED
FROM TRACTOR,
TO INSTALL
MOWER
(See
SPRINGS
SIDES
RETAINER
SPRING
Fig. 19)
=
Raise attachment
,,
Slide mower undertractorwith
side of tractor.
°
•
Lower lift lever to its lowest position.
Install mower in reverse order of removal instructions.
ANTI-SWAY
lift Fever to its highest position.
discharge guardto right
BAR
RETAINER
SPRINGS
(BOTH SIDES)
FIG. 19
19
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO LEVEL
MOWER
HOUSING
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT (See Fig& 22 and 23) IMPORTANT: DECK MUST BE LEVEL SIDE-TO-SIDE IF
THE FOLLOWING FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT IS
NECESSARY, BE SURE TO ADJUST BOTH FRONT LINKS
EQUALLY SO MOWER WILL STAY LEVEL SIDE-TOSIDE
To obtain the best cutting results, the mower housing
should be adjusted so that the front is approximately 1/4" to
3/4" lower than the rear when the mower is in its highest
position
Check adjustment on right side of tractor, Measure distance "D" directly in front and behind the mandrel at bottom
edge of mower housing as shown.
Before making any necessary adjustments, check that
both front links are equal in length_ Both links should be
approximately 10-3/8".
•
If links are not equal in length, adjust one link to same
length as other link.
.
To lower front of mower loosen nut "E" on both front
links an equal number of turns.
.
When distance "D" is 1/4" to 3/4" lower at front than
rear, tighten nuts "F" against trunnion on both front
links
°
To raise front of mower, loosen nut "F" from trunnion on
both front links Tighten nut "E" on both front links an
equal number of turns,
•
When distance "D" is 1/4" to 3/4" lower' at front than
rear, tighten nut "F" against trunnion on both front links.
.
Recheck side-to-side adjustment,
Adjust the mower while tractor is parked on level ground or
driveway.
Make sure tires are properly inflated (See
"PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS" on page 3). If tires are
over or under inflated, you will not properly adjust your
mower.
SIDE-TO-SIDE
ADJUSTMENT
(See Figs, 20 and 21)
You will need two (2) standard 2 x 4 short pieces of wood
to make the following adjustment. Similar' blocks measuring 1-1/2" thick may also be used
.
Raise mower with attachment lift control to allow two
(2) 1-1/2" thick blocks to be placed under rear' edge of
mower
•
Place one block directly behind the left mandrel Place
the remaining block under the stamped ridge on the
right rear edge of mower deck,.
o Lower mower deck to its lowest height of cut position
(See "TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT" in
Operation section of this manual),
.
On both sides of tractor, loosen, but do not remove, the
fastener's securing the adjustable pivot brackets to
frame. Both brackets must be loose enough to move
freely,
•
Pull down firmly on suspension arm to remove any
slack in pivot bracket and hold while tightening rear
fastener first to secure Tighten remaining fastener_
o
Repeat procedure on other side of tractor,
o
Raise mower with attachment lift control and remove
blocks from under mower
_-. %
PLACE TWO (2) 1-1/2" THICK BLOCKS UNDER REAR EDGE OF
DECK (Use wood 2 x 4's or equiw)
_>ol
"B",l,
DIRECTLY
BEHIND
MANDREL
,I"D":"<'
"
_d
FIG. 22
MANDREL
BOTH FRONT LINKS MUST BE EQUAL
MOWER MUST BE IN LOWEST
IN LENGTH
HEIGHT OF CUT POSITION
FIG. 20
ADJUSTABLE
BRACKET
PIVOT
FASTENERS
AUSPENSION
ARM
NUT "F"_
PULL DOWN AND
TIGHTEN REAR
FASTENER FIRST
FIG. 21
FRONT LINKS
20
_
NUT"E"
TRUNNION
FIG. 23
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO REPLACE
MOWER
BLADE
DRIVE BELT
WITH PARKING
BRAKE
"ENGAGED"
(See Fig. 24)
The mower blade drive belt may be replaced without
tools. Park the tractor on level surface, Engage parking
brake. For assistance, there is a belt installation guide
decal on the mower housing,
BELT REMOVAL
NU'T "A"
-
o
o
Place attachment clutch in "DISENGAGED" position_
Move attachment lift lever forward to lower mower to
its lowest position,
o
Roll belt off engine pulley
.
Work belt off both mandrel pulleys and idler pulleys.
o
Pull belt away from mower,
BELT INSTALLATION
JAM NUT
/
-
o
Install new belt in reverse order of removal,
o
Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and inside all
belt guides_
i
_
ARM
OPERATING
FIG. 25
ENGINE PULLEY
MANDREL
PULLEY
IDLER
PULLEYS
TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT (See Fig. 26)
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.
For assistance, there is a belt installation guide decal on
bottom side of left footrest.
°
Remove mower (See "TO REMOVE MOWER" in this
section of this manuaL)
•
Remove upper belt keeper,
•
Remove belt from stationary idler and clutching idler.
•
Pull belt slack toward rear of tractor_ Remove belt
upwards from transaxle pulley by deflecting belt keepers.
°
Pull belt toward front of tractor and remove downwards
from around engine pulley_
°
Install new belt by reversing above procedure.
IMPORTANT:
MAKE SURE UPPER BELT KEEPER IS
POSITIONED PROPERLY BETWEEN LOCATOR TABS
\
\
MANDREL
PULLEY
PULLEY
FIG. 24
TO ADJUST
BRAKE
(See Fig. 25)
Your unit is equipped with an adjustable brake system
which is mounted on the right side of the transaxle,
KEEPER
If unit requires more than six (6) feet stopping distance at
high speed in highest gear, then brake must be adjusted,
•
Depress clutch/brake pedal and engage parking brake,
•
Measure distance between brake operating arm and
nut "A" on brake rod,
=
If distance is other than 1-1/2", disengage parking
brake, loosen jam nut and turn nut "A" until distance
becomes 1-1/2". Retighten jam nut against nut "A"_
°
Engage parking brake and recheck distance
.
Road test unit for proper stopping distance as stated
above, Readjust if necessary. If stopping distance is
still greater than six (6) feet in highest gear. further
maintenance is necessary, Contact your nearest authorized service center.
_LOCATOR
TABS
CLUTCHING
IDLER
IDLER
PULLEY
FIG, 26
21
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE ORDER o
BLACK cable first from left side of chassis and fully
charged battery.
RED cable last from both batteries.
TO ADJUST
STEERING
WHEEL
ALIGNMENT
If steering wheel crossbars are not horizontal (left to right)
when wheels are positioned straight forward, remove steering wheel and reassemble per instructions in the Assembly
section of this manual.
FRONT WHEEL
TOE-IN/CAMBER
The front wheel toe-in and camber are not adjustable on
your' unit If damage has occurred to affect the front wheel
toe-in or camber, contact your nearest authorized service
center
"POSITIVE ....
TO REMOVE
WHEEL
FOR
NEGATIVE"
(+)
REPAIRS
(-)
(See Fig. 27)
o Block up axle securely,
°
Remove axle cover, retaining ring and washers to allow
wheel removal (rear wheel contains a square key - Do
not lose)
Repair tire and reassemble.
o On rear wheels only: align grooves in rear wheel hub
and axle, Insert square key.
°
Replace washers and snap retaining ring securely in
axle groove.
o Replace axle cover,
PANELO
WASHERS
RETAINING
FIG. 28
TO
°
o
.
REPLACE
HEADLIGHT
BULB
Raise hood.
Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the backside of the gdll.
Replace bulb in holder and push bulb holder securely
back into the hole in the backside of the grill
o
Close hood.
INTERLOCKS
AND RELAYS
\
RING
AX
VER
'_LSQUARE
KEY
(REAR WHEELONLY)
Loose or damaged wiring may cause your tractor to run
poorly, stop running, or prevent it from starting.
°
Check wiring. 'See electrical wiring diagram in Repair
Parts section of this nranuaL
FIG. 27
TO START ENGINE
(See Figs. 28)
_,_
,_
WITH A WEAK BA'FrERY
TO REPLACE
FUSE
Replace with 30 amp automotive=type plug-in fuse. The fuse
holder is located behind the dash.
CAU'fION:
Lead-acid batteries gener=
ate explosivegases. Keep sparks,flame
and smoking materials away from batteries. Always.wear eye protection when
TO
o
°
°
If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should be
recharged.
If "jumper cables"
are used for emergency
starting, follow this procedure:
IMPORTANT:
YOUR UNIT IS EQUIPPED WITH A 12 VOLT
NEGATIVE GROUNDED SYSTEM
THE OTHER VEHICLE
MUST ALSO BE A 12 VOLT NEGATIVE GROUNDED SYSTEM.
DO NOT USE YOUR TRACTOR BATTERY TO START OTHER
VEHICLES
•
•
REMOVE
HOOD AND GRILL (See Fig. 29)
Raise hood
Unsnap headlight wire connector.
Stand irr front of tractor_ Grasp hood at sides, tilt
forward and lift off of tractor.
To reinstall, slide hood pivot brackets into slots in
frame.
Reconnect headlight wire connector and close hood_
HEADLIGHT
WIRE
CONNECTOR
TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES Connect each end of the RED cable to the POSITIVE (+)
terminal of each battery, taking care not to short against
chassis.
Connect one end of the BLACK cable to the NEGATIVE
(-) terminal of fully charged battery.
o
Connect the other end of the BLACK cable to a good
CHASSIS GROUND, away from fuel tank and battery
HO(
I
22
,t
FIG. 29
SERVnCE AND ADJUSTMENTS
ACCELERATION
ENGINE
TO ADJUST THROTTLE
(See Fig. 30)
CONTROL
°
CABLE
The throttle control has been preset at the factory and
adjustment should not be necessary. Check adjustment as
described below before loosening cable_ If adjustment is
necessary, procede as follows:
o
With engine not running, move throttle control lever
from "SLOW" to "CHOKE" position Slowly move lever
from "CHOKE" to "FAST" position_
o
Check to see if hole in throttle lever and hole in speed
control bracket are aligned.
°
If holes are not aligned, loosen cable clamp screw and
align the holes by inserting a pencil or a 1/4" drill bit
through both holes,
•
Pull throttle cable up to remove slack and tighten cable
clamp screw. Remove alignment pencil or drill bit,
TEST -
Move throttle control lever from "SLOW" to "FAST"
position. If engine hesitates or dies, turn idle fuel
adjusting needle out (counterclockwise) 1/8 turn. Repeat test and continue to adjust, if necessary, until
engine accelerates smoothly.
High speed stop is factory adjusted
Do not adjust damage may resulL
IMPORTANT:
NEVER TAMPER WITH THE ENGINE
GOVERNOR, WHICH IS FACTORY SET FOR PROPER
ENGINE SPEED. OVERSPEEDINGTHE ENGINE ABOVE
THE FACTORY HIGH SPEED SETTING
CAN BE
DANGEROUS IFYOUTHINKTHEENGINE-GOVERNED
HIGH SPEED NEEDS ADJUSTING, CONTACT YOUR
NEAREST SEARS SERVICE CENTER, WHICH HAS
PROPER EQUIPMENT AND EXPERIENCE TO MAKE ANY
NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS
CABLECLAMPSCREW._
TO ADJUST
CARBURETOR
(See Fig. 3'1)
]he carburetor has been preset at the factory and adjustment should not be necessary. However, minor adjustment may be required to compensate for differencesin fuel,
temperature, altitude or load If the carburetor does need
adjustment, proceed as follows:
SPEEDCONTROLBRACKET_
In general, turning the adjusting needles in (clockwise)
decreases the supply of fuel to the engine giving a leaner
fuel/air mixture Turning the ad usting needles out (counterclockwise) increases the supply of fuel to the engine giving
a richer fuel/air mixture_
IMPORTANT:
DAMAGE
SEATS IN CARBURETOR
TURNED IN TOO TIGHT
PRELIMINARY
TO THE NEEDLES AND THE
MAY RESULT IF NEEDLE IS
THROTTLE
FIG. 30
SETTING -,
.
Be sure you have a clean air filter and the throttle
control cable is adjusted properly (see above)
=
With engine off turn idle fuel adjusting needle in (clockwise) closing it finger tight and then turn out (counterclockwise) 1 turn.
IDLE SPEED ADJUSTING
SCREW
IDLE FUEL ADJUSTING
NEEDLE
FINAL SE'I-FING °
Start engine and allow to warm for five minutes. Make
final adjustments with engine running and shift/motion
control lever in "NEUTRAL" position.
•
Idle speed setting - With throttle control lever in"SLOW"
position, engine should idle at 1625 RPM If engine
idles too slow or fast, turn idle speed adjusting screw in
or out until correct idle is attained_
Idle fuel needle settinq - With throttle control lever in
"SLOW" position, turn idle fuel ad usting needle in
(c ockw se) unti eng ne beg ns to die and then turn out
(counterclockwise) approximately 1/8 to 1/4 turn to
obtain best low speed performance,
Recheck idle speed,
Readjust if necessary,
FIG. 31
23
LEVER
STORAGE
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end of
the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days or
more,
&
ENGHNE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT:
IT IS IMPORTANT
TO PREVENT
GUM
DEPOSITS
FROM
FORMING
IN ESSENTIAL
FUEL
SYSTEM PARTS SUCH AS CARBURETOR,
FUEL FILTER,
FUEL HOSE, OR TANK DURING
STORAGE.
ALSO,
EXPERIENCE
INDICATES
THAT ALCOHOL
BLENDED
FUELS (CALLED
GASOHOL
OR USING ETHANOL
OR
METHANOL)
CAN ATTRACT MOISTURE WHICH LEADS
TO SEPARATION
AND FORMATION
OF ACIDS DURING
STORAGE.
ACIDIC
GAS CAN DAMAGE
THE FUEL
SYSTEM OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE
CAUTION: Never store the tractor with
gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach an open f|ame
or spark. Allow the engine to cool
before storing in any enclosure.
TRACTOR
Drain the fuel tank,
Remove mower from tractor for winter storage. When
mower is to be stored for a period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a
clean, dry area,
•
Clean entire tractor (See"CLEANING"in
the Customer
Responsibilities section of this manual).
•
Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt replacement instructions in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual)_
°
Lubricate as shown in the Customer Responsibilities
section of this manual
°
Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely
fastened, Inspect moving partsfordamage, breakage
and wear Replace if necessary,
°
Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand
lightly before painting.
o
Start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and
carburetor are empty.
o
Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the
fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.
Use fresh fuel next season.
o
NOTE:
Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in
minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage, Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage
container. Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer
container. Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding
stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do
not drain the gas tank and carburetor' if using fuel stabilizer.
ENGINE
OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean engine
oil
(See "ENGINE" in the Customer Responsibilities
section of this manual).
BATTERY
Fully charge the battery for storage.
CYLINDERS
After a period of time in storage, battery may require
recharging.
To help prevent corrosion and power leakage during
long periods of storage, battery cables should be
disconnected and battery cleaned thoroughly (see "TO
CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS" in the Customer Responsibilities section of this manual),
After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place
cables where they cannot come in contact with battery
terminals_
o
Be sure battery drain tube is securely attached.
•
If battery is removed from tractor for storage, do not
store battery directly on concrete or damp surfaces.
o
Remove spa_k plug(s),
•
Pour one ounce of oil through spark plug hole(s) into
cylinder(s).
o
Turn ignition key to"START" position for a few seconds
to distribute oil
o
Replace with new spark plug(s),
OTHER
o
De net stere gasoline from one season to another
Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rusL
Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problem&
=
If possible, store your tractor indoors and cover it to
give protection from dust and dirL
Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that
does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic
cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and
will cause your tractor to rusL
IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TRACTOR WHILE ENGINE
AND EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM
24
TROUBLESHOOTING
POINTS
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Will not start
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
10
Out of fuel
Engine not "CHOKED" properly
Engine flooded
Bad spark plug
Dirty air filter
Dirty fuel filter
Water in fuel
8
9
10
Loose or damaged wktng
Carburetor out of adjustment
Engine valves out of adjustment
Ftl fuel tank
See 'TO START ENGINE" in Operation section,
Wait several minutes before attempting to start
Replace spark plug
Clean/replace air filter
Replace fue! filter
Drain fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter
Check all wiring
Contactan authorized service center/department
Contact an authorized service center/department
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Dirty air filter
Bad spark plug
Weakordead battery
Dirty fuel filter
Stale or dirty fuel
Loose or damaged wiring
Carburetor out of adjustment
Engine valves out of adjustment
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Clean/replace air filter
Replace sparkpfug
Rechargeor replace battery
Replace fuel filter
Drain fuel tank and refill with fresh gasoline
Check all wiring
Contact an authorized service center/department
Contact an authorized service center/department
Engine will not turn over
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Clutch/brake pedal not depressed
Attachment clutch is engaged
Weak or dead battery
Blown fuse
Corroded battery terminals
Loose or damaged wiring
Faulty ignitionswitch
Fauttysoteno]d or starter
Faulty operator presenceswltch(es)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Depress clutch/brake pedal
Disengage attachment clutch
Recharge or replace battery
Replace fuse
Clean battery terminals
Check all wiring
Check/replace ignition switch
Check/replace solenoid or starter
Contactan authorized service center/department
Engine clicks but will not
start
1
2
3
4
Weak or dead battery
Corroded battery terminals
Loose or damaged wiring,
Faulty solenoid or starter
1
2
3
4
Recharge or replace battery
Clean battery terminals
Check al[ wiring
Check/replace solenoid or starter
Loss of power
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Cutting too much grass/too fast
Throttle in "CHOKE" position
Build-up of grass, leaves and trash under mower
Dirty air filter,
Low oil level/dirtyoil
Faulty sparkplug
Dirty fue! filter
Stale ordirty fuel
Water in fuel
1
2,
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Set in "Higher Cut" position/reduce speed
Adjust tllrottte control
Clean underside of mower housing
Clean/replace air filter
Check oil level/change oil,
Clean and regap or change spark plug
Replace fuel filter
Drain fuel tank and refi!l with fresh gasoline
Drain fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter
Connect and tighten spark plug wire
Clean engine air screen/fins
Clean/replace muffler
Check all wiring
Contact an authorized service center/department
Contact an authorized service center/department
Hard to start
10
11
12
13
14
15
Excessive vibration
1
2
3
10
11
12
13
14
15
Spark plug wire loose
Dirty engine air screen/fins
Dirty/clogged muffler
Loose or damaged wiring
Carburetor out of adjustment,
Engine valves out of adjustment
Worn, bent or loose blade
Bent blade mandrel
Loose/damaged part(s)
1
2
3
25
Replace blade Tighten blade bolt
Replace blade mandrel
Tighten loose part(s)
Replace damaged
parts
TROUBLESHOOTING
POUNTS
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Engine continues to run
when operator leaves seat
with attachment clutch
1
Faulty operator-safety presence control system
1
Check wiring, switches and connections
if not
co[rected, contact an authorized service center/
department
1
2
Worn, bent or loose blade
Mower deck not level
1
2
Replace btade Tighten blade bott
Level mower deck.
3
4
Buildup of grass, leaves, and trash under mower
Bent blade mandrel
5
Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of
grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels
3
4
5
Clean underside of mower housing
Replace blade mandrel
Clean around mandrels to open vent holes
Mower blades will not
rotate
1
2
3
4
Obstruction in clutch mechanism
Worn/damaged mower drive belt
Frozen idlerpulley
Frozen blade mandrel
1
Remove obstruction
2
3
4
Replace mower drive belt
Replace idler pulley
Replace blade mandrel
Poor grass discharge
1
2
3
4
Engine speed too slow
Travel speed too fast
Wet grass
Mower deck not level
5
6
Low/uneven tire air pressure
Worn, bent or loose blade
7
8
Buildup of grass, leaves and trash under mower
Mower drive belt worn
9
10
11
Blades improperly installed
Improper blades used
Ctogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of
glass, leaves, and trash around mandrels
engaged
Poorcut=uneven
Headlight(s) not working
(if so equipped)
Battery
will not charge
Engine "backfires"
when turning engine
"OFF"
1
Switch is "OFF"
2
3
4
5
Bulb(s) burned out
Faulty light switch
Loose or damaged widng
Blown fuse
1
2
Bad battery cell(s)
Poor cable connections
3
4
Faulty regulator (if so equipped)
Faulty alternator
1
Engine throttle control not set at "SLOW"
position for 30 seconds before stopping engine
26
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Place throttlecontrol in "FAST" position.
Shift to slower speed.
Allow grass to dry before mowing
Levelmowerdeck
Checktires for proper air pressure.
Replace/sharpen blade T_ghtenblade bolt
Clean underside of mower housing
Replace mower drive belt
Reinstall blades sharp edge down
Replace with blades listed in this manual
Clean around mandrels to open vent holes
1
2
3.
4
5
Turn switch "ON"
Replace bulb(s)
Chectdreplace light switch
Check wiring and connections
Replace fuse
1
2
3
4
Replace battery
Checldclean all connections
Replace regulator
Replace alternator
1
Move throttle control to "SLOW" position and al!ow
to idle for 30 seconds before stopping engine