Maytag MBB1952HEW - 19 cu. Ft. Bottom Mount Refrigerator Service manual

This Base Manual covers 19,20,22 Cu. Ft.
Bottom Mount Refrigerators
Refer to individual Technical Sheet for
information on specific models.
Service
19, 20 & 22 Cu. Ft.
Bottom Mount
Refrigerators
Service Manual for Amana® and Maytag® models
This manual is to be used by qualified appliance
technicians only. Maytag does not assume any
responsibility for property damage or personal
injury for improper service procedures done by
an unqualified person.
16021484
Revision 1
July 2002
Important Information
Pride and workmanship go into every product to provide our customers with quality products. It is possible, however,
that during its lifetime a product may require service. Products should be serviced only by a qualified service
technician who is familiar with the safety procedures required in the repair and who is equipped with the proper tools,
parts, testing instruments and the appropriate service manual. REVIEW ALL SERVICE INFORMATION IN THE
APPROPRIATE SERVICE MANUAL BEFORE BEGINNING REPAIRS.
Important Notices for Consumers and Servicers
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of serious injury or death, repairs should not be attempted by unauthorized personnel, dangerous
conditions (such as exposure to electrical shock) may result.
! CAUTION
Maytag will not be responsible for any injury or property damage from improper service procedures. If performing
service on your own product, assume responsibility for any personal injury or property damage which may result.
To locate an authorized servicer, please consult your telephone book or the dealer from whom you purchased this
product. For further assistance, please contact:
MAYTAG APPLIANCES SALES COMPANY
ATTN:Maytag CAIR ® Center
P.O. Box 2370
Cleveland, TN 37320-2370
OR
CALL
U.S. and Canada 1-800-462-9824
U.S. customers using TTY for deaf, hearing
impaired, call 1-800-688-2080
If outside the United States contact:
MAYTAG APPLIANCES SALES COMPANY
ATTN: Maytag CAIR® Center
P.O. Box 2370
Cleveland, TN 37320-2370
Telephone: 1-800-462-9824
Recognize Safety Symbols, Words, and Labels
!
DANGER
DANGER—Immediate hazards which WILL result in severe personal injury or death.
!
WARNING
WARNING—Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in severe personal injury or death.
!
CAUTION
CAUTION—Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in minor personal injury or product or property
damage.
16021484 Rev. 1
2
Table of Contents
Important Information .................................................... 2
Product Design ............................................................. 4
Component Testing ....................................................... 5
Service Procedures ...................................................... 10
Service Equipment ....................................................... 10
Drier Replacement ....................................................... 10
Refrigerant Precautions ................................................ 11
Line Piercing Valves ..................................................... 11
Open Lines .................................................................. 11
Compressor Operational Test ....................................... 11
Dehydrating Sealed Refrigeration System .................... 12
Leak Testing ................................................................. 12
Testing Systems Containing a
Refrigerant Charge ................................................. 12
Testing Systems Containing
No Refrigerant Charge ............................................ 12
Restrictions .................................................................. 13
Symptoms ............................................................. 13
Testing for Restrictions .......................................... 13
Evacuation and Charging .............................................. 14
Evacuation ............................................................. 14
Charging ................................................................ 15
Refrigerant Charge ................................................. 15
HFC134a Service Information ....................................... 16
Health, Safety, and Handling .................................. 16
Comparison of CFC12 and HFC134a Properties ..... 16
Replacement Service Compressor ................................ 17
Compressor Testing Procedures ............................ 17
Brazing ........................................................................ 17
Refrigerant Flow 19, 20, 22 cu. ft .................................. 18
Cabinet Air Flow 19, 20, 22 cu. ft .................................. 19
20 cu. ft Machine Compartment Air Flow Diagram ........ 20
19, 22 cu. ft Machine Compartment Air Flow Diagram .. 21
Water Dispenser Flow .................................................. 22
Typical External Sweat Pattern...................................23
Troubleshooting Chart................................................24
System Diagnosis ........................................................ 27
Disassembly Procedures
Fresh Food Door .................................................... 30
Freezer Door .......................................................... 30
Refrigerator Compartment
Light Bulb .............................................................. 30
Light Bulb Assembly .............................................. 30
Light Bulb Sockets ................................................ 31
Defrost Timer ......................................................... 31
Light Switch ........................................................... 31
Temp- Assure Damper control ............................ 31
Water Tank ............................................................ 31
Water Dispenser .................................................... 32
Freezer Compartment
Freezer Temperature Control .................................. 32
Light Socket .......................................................... 32
Light Switch ........................................................... 32
Freezer Back Panel ............................................... 32
Evaporator Fan Blade and Fan Motor ..................... 32
Defrost Terminator (thermostat) .............................. 33
Defrost Heater ....................................................... 33
Evaporator Removal ............................................... 33
Drawer Assembly ................................................... 34
Drawer Rails .......................................................... 34
Front roller assembly ............................................. 34
Rear roller assembly............................................34
Machine Compartment
Condenser Fan and Fan motor ............................... 34
Compressor ........................................................... 34
Overload/Relay/Capacitor ....................................... 34
Condensate Drain Pan ........................................... 35
Condensate Drain Tube .......................................... 35
Condenser Removal ............................................... 35
Appendix A
Owner’s Manual ........ ........................................A-2
Appendix B
Ice Maker Installation and Operation .................... B-2
3
16021484 Rev. 1
Product Design
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Refrigeration System
Defrost System
Compressor forces high temperature vapor into fan
cooled tube and wire condenser where vapor is cooled
and condensed into high pressure liquid by circulation
of air across condenser coil. (See Refrigerant Flow
Diagram, page 18)
Every 8 hours of compressor run time defrost timer
activates radiant electric defrost heater suspended
from evaporator. After 33 minutes of defrost cycle time,
timer restores circuit to compressor.
Defrost terminator (thermostat) is wired in series with
defrost heater. Terminator opens and breaks circuit
when preset high temperature is reached. After defrost
thermostat opens, thermostat remains open until end
of defrost cycle when cooling cycle starts and
terminator senses present low temperature and closes.
High pressure liquid passes into post-condenser loop
which helps to prevent condensation around freezer
compartment opening and through molecular sieve drier
and into capillary tube. Small inside diameter of
capillary offers resistance, decreasing pressure, and
temperature of liquid discharged into evaporator.
Capillary diameter and length is carefully sized for each
system.
Defrost heater is suspended on left side of evaporator
coil and across bottom to keep defrost drain free
flowing during defrost. Defrost water is caught in trough
under evaporator coil and flows through drain hole in
liner and drain tubing into drain pan. Air circulated by
condenser fan over pan evaporates water.
Capillary enters evaporator at top front. Combined liquid
and saturated gas flows through front to bottom of coil
and into suction line. Aluminium tube evaporator coil is
located in freezer compartment where circulating
evaporator fan moves air through coil and into fresh food
compartment.
Large surface of evaporator allows heat to be absorbed
from both fresh food and freezer compartments by
airflow over evaporator coil causing some of the liquid to
evaporate. Temperature of evaporator tubing near end of
running cycle may vary from -13° to -25°F.
Saturated gas is drawn off through suction line where
superheated gas enters compressor. To raise
temperature of gas, suction line is placed in heat
exchange with capillary.
Temperature Controls
Freezer compartment temperature is regulated by air
sensing thermostat at top front of freezer compartment
which actuates compressor. Control should be set to
maintain freezer temperature between 0° to -2°F.
Fresh food compartment temperature is regulated by an
air damper control governing amount of refrigerated air
entering fresh food compartment from freezer. Fresh
food compartment temperature should be between 38°
and 40°F.
16021484 Rev. 1
4
Component Testing
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Component
Compressor
Description
When compressor electrical circuit is
energized, the start winding current
causes relay to heat. After an amount of
starting time, the start winding circuit
turns off. The relay will switch off the
start winding circuit even though
compressor has not started (for example,
when attempting to restart after
momentary power interruption).
Test Procedures
Resistance test
1. Disconnect power to unit.
2. Discharge capacitor by shorting across terminals with a resistor for 1 minute.
NOTE: (Some compressors do not have a run capacitor.)
3. Remove leads from compressor terminals.
4. Set ohmmeter to lowest scale.
5. Check for resistance between
Terminals “S” and “C”, start winding
Terminals “R” and “C”, run winding
If either compressor winding reads open (infinite or very high resistance) or
dead short (0 ohms), replace compressor.
With “open” relay, compressor will not
start because there is little or no current Ground test
to start windings. Overload protection will
1. Disconnect power to refrigerator.
open due to high locked rotor run winding
2. Discharge capacitor, if present, by shorting terminals through a resistor.
current.
3. Remove compressor leads and use an ohmmeter set on highest scale.
4. Touch one lead to compressor body (clean point of contact) and other probe
With “shorted” relay or capacitor,
to each compressor terminal.
compressor will start and overload
• If reading is obtained, compressor is grounded and must be replaced.
protector will quickly open due to high
Operation test
current of combined run and start
If voltage, capacitor, overload, and motor winding tests do not show cause for
windings.
failure, perform the following test:
1. Disconnect power to refrigerator.
With open or weak capacitor,
compressor will start and run as normal 2. Discharge capacitor by shorting capacitor terminals through a resistor.
3. Remove leads from compressor terminals.
but will consume more energy.
4. Wire a test cord to power switch.
5. Place time delayed fuse with UL rating equal to amp rating of motor in test
cord socket. (Refer to Technical Data Sheet)
6. Remove overload and relay.
7. Connect start, common and run leads of test cord on appropriate terminals of
compressor.
8. Attach capacitor leads of test cord together. If capacitor is used, attach
capacitor lead to a known good capacitor of same capacity.
To AC supply
Switch
Compressor
Fuses
C
S
R
Capacitor
Test configuration
9. Plug test cord into multimeter to determine start and run wattage and to check
for low voltage, which can also be a source of trouble indications.
10. With power to multimeter, press start cord switch and release.
• If compressor motor starts and draws normal wattage, compressor is
okay and trouble is in capacitor, relay/overload, freezer temperature
control, or elsewhere in system.
• If compressor does not start when direct wired, recover refrigerant at high
side. After refrigerant is recovered, repeat compressor direct wire test. If
compressor runs after recovery but would not run when direct wired
before recover, a restriction in sealed system is indicated.
• If compressor does not run when wired direct after recovery, replace faulty
compressor.
5
16021484 Rev. 0
Component Testing
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Component
Capacitor
Description
Run capacitor connects to relay
terminal 3 and L side of line.
Some compressors do not require a run
capacitor; refer to the Technical Data
Sheet for the unit being serviced.
Test Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid electrical shock which can cause severe personal injury or death,
discharge capacitor through a resistor before handling.
1. Disconnect power to refrigerator.
2. Remove capacitor cover and disconnect capacitor wires.
3. Discharge capacitor by shorting across terminals with a resistor for 1 minute.
4. Check resistance across capacitor terminals with ohmmeter set on “X1K”
scale.
• Good—needle swings to 0 ohms and slowly moves back to infinity.
• Open—needle does not move. Replace capacitor.
• Shorted—needle moves to zero and stays. Replace capacitor.
• High resistance leak—needle jumps toward 0 and then moves back to
constant high resistance (not infinity).
Condenser
Condenser is a tube and wire
construction located in machine
compartment.
Leaks in condenser can usually be detected by using an electronic leak detector
or soap solution. Look for signs of compressor oil when checking for leaks. A
certain amount of compressor oil is circulated with refrigerant.
Condenser is on high pressure discharge Leaks in post condenser loop are rare because loop is a one-piece copper tube.
side of compressor. Condenser function
is to transfer heat absorbed by refrigerant For minute leaks
1. Separate condenser from rest of refrigeration system and pressurize
to ambient.
condenser up to a maximum of 235 PSI with a refrigerant and dry nitrogen
combination.
Higher pressure gas is routed to
condenser where, as gas temperature is 2. Recheck for leaks.
reduced, gas condenses into a high
pressure liquid state. Heat transfer takes
place because discharged gas is at a
higher temperature than air that is
passing over condenser. It is very
To avoid severe personal injury or death from sudden eruption of high
important that adequate air flow over
pressures gases, observe the following:
condenser is maintained.
Protect against a sudden eruption if high pressures are required for leak
checking.
Condenser is air cooled by condenser
Do not use high pressure compressed gases in refrigeration systems
fan motor. If efficiency of heat transfer
without a reliable pressure regulator and pressure relief valve in the
from condenser to surrounding air is
lines.
impaired, condensing temperature
becomes higher. High liquid temperature
means liquid will not remove as much
heat during boiling in evaporator as
under normal conditions. This would be
indicated by high than normal head
pressures, long run time, and high
wattage. Remove any lint or other
accumulation, that would restrict normal
air movement through condenser.
!
From condenser the refrigerant flows into
a post condenser loop which helps
control exterior condensation on flange,
center mullion, and around freezer door.
Refrigerant the flows through the drier to
evaporator and into compressor through
suction line.
16021484 Rev. 0
6
WARNING
Component Testing
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Component
Overload / Relay
Description
When voltage is connected and relay is
cool, current passes through relay to start
winding.
After a short time, current heats the
resistor in relay and resistance will rise
blocking current flow through relay.
Test Procedures
1. Disconnect power to the refrigerator.
2. Remove relay cover and disconnect leads.
3. Check resistance across terminals 2 and 3 with an ohmmeter:
Normal = 3 to 12 ohms
Shorted = 0 ohms
Open = infinite ohms
Start winding remains in the circuit through
run capacitor.
Freezer
temperature
control
Solid state relay plugs directly on
compressor start and run terminals. Relay
terminals 2 and 3 are connected within
relay. Run capacitor is connected to relay
terminal 3. L2 side of 120 VAC power is
connected to relay terminal 2.
Freezer temperature control is a capillary Check for proper calibration with thermocouple capillary in air supply well by
tube operating a single pole, single throw recording cut-in and cut-out temperatures at middle setting. Refer to tech sheet
switch.
for model being serviced for expected temperatures.
Freezer temperature control controls run
cycle through defrost timer.
Check control contacts are opening by disconnecting electrical leads to control
and turning control knob to coldest setting. Check for continuity across
terminals.
Altitude Adjustment
When altitude adjustment is required on a
Altitude Counter in Feet
G.E. control, turn altitude adjustment
Turn Screw
screw 1/7 turn counter clockwise for each Feet Above
Clockwise (Angular
1,000 feet increase in altitude up to 10,000 Sea Level
Degrees)
feet. One full turn equals 10,000 feet
maximum.
30
2,000
81
4,000
In most cases the need for altitude
129
6,000
adjustments can be avoided by simply
174
8,000
turning temperature control knob to colder
216
10,000
setting.
Ice maker
0
30
300
60
270
90
240
210
120
180
150
Optional on some models.
See “Ice Maker” section for service
information.
Condenser motor Condenser fan moves cooling air across
condenser coil and compressor body.
Evaporator fan
motor
330
Check resistance across coil.
Condenser fan motor is in parallel circuit
with compressor.
1. Disconnect power to unit.
Evaporator fan moves air across
evaporator coil and throughout refrigerator 2. Disconnect fan motor leads.
3. Check resistance from ground connection solder. Trace to motor frame must
cabinet.
not exceed .05 ohms.
4. Check for voltage at connector to motor with unit in refrigeration mode and
compressor operating.
7
16021484 Rev. 0
Component Testing
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Component
Switch,
refrigerator light,
freezer light
Description
Single pole, single throw switch
completes circuit for light when door is
open.
Test Procedures
Check resistant across terminals.
Switch arm depressed
“NO” terminals
Switch arm up
“NO” terminals
Drier
Open
Closed
Drier is placed at post condenser loop
Drier must be changed every time the system is opened for testing or
outlet and passes liquefied refrigerant to compressor replacement.
capillary.
NOTE: Drier used in R12 sealed system is not interchangeable with
drier used in R134a sealed system. Always replace drier in R134a
Desiccant (20) 8 x 12 4AXH - 7 M>S> system with Amana part number B2150504.
Grams
Before opening refrigeration system, recover HFC134a refrigerant for safe
disposal.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Cut drier out of system using the following procedure. Do not unbraze drier.
Applying heat to remove drier will drive moisture into the system.
Score capillary tube close to drier and break.
Reform inlet tube to drier allowing enough space for large tube cutter.
Cut circumference of drier 1 ¼" below condenser inlet tube joint to drier.
Remove drier.
Apply heat trap paste on post condenser tubes to protect grommets from high
heat.
8. Unbraze remaining part of drier. Remove drier from system.
9. Discard drier in safe place. Do not leave drier with customer. If refrigerator is
under warranty, old drier must accompany warranty claim.
!
WARNING
To avoid death or severe personal injury, cut drier at correct location.
Cutting drier at incorrect location will allow desiccant beads to scatter. If
spilled, completely clean area of beads.
Defrost timer
1. To check timer motor winding, check for continuity between terminals 1 and 3
of timer.
2. Depending on rotating position of the cam, terminal 1 of timer is common to
both terminal 2, the defrost mode, and terminal 4, the compressor mode.
After specified amount of actual
There should never be continuity between terminals 2 and 4.
operating time, inner cam in timer throws
the contacts from terminal 4, compressor 3. With continuity between terminals 1 and 4, rotate timer knob clockwise until
audible click is heard. When the click is heard, reading between terminals 1
circuit, to terminal 2, defrost
and 4 should be infinite and there should be continuity between terminals 1
thermostat/defrost heater circuit.
and 2.
After specified defrost cycle time, timer 4. Continuing to rotate time knob until a second click is heard should restore
circuit between terminals 1 and 4.
cam resets the circuitry through terminal
4 to compressor.
Timer motor operates only when freezer
control is closed.
16021484 Rev. 0
8
Component Testing
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Component
Water valve
Description
Controls water flow to the ice maker.
Test Procedures
Check resistance across coil windings.
Controlled by thermostat in ice maker.
See Ice Maker Section for further
information.
Evaporator
Inner volume of evaporator allows liquid
refrigerant discharged from capillary to
expand into refrigerant gas.
Test for leaks in evaporator with electronic leak detector or with soap solution.
Compressor oil is circulated with refrigerant; check for oil when checking for
leaks.
Expansion cools evaporator tube and fin For minute leaks
1. Separate evaporator from rest of refrigeration system and pressurize
temperature to approximately -20°F
evaporator up to a maximum of 140 PSI with a refrigerant and dry nitrogen
transferring heat from freezer section to
combination.
refrigerant.
2. Recheck for leaks.
Passing through suction line to
compressor, the refrigerant picks up
superheat (a relationship between
pressure and temperature that assures
To avoid severe personal injury or death from sudden erruption of
complete vaporization of liquid
high pressurres gases, observe the following:
refrigerant) as the result of capillary tube
• Protect against a sudden eruption if high pressures are required
soldered to suction line.
for leak checking.
• Do not use high pressure compressed gases in refrigeration
Refrigerant gas is pulled through suction
systems without a reliable pressure regulator and pressure relief
line by compressor, completing
valve in the lines.
refrigeration cycle.
! WARNING
Evaporator heater Activated when defrost thermostat,
(defrost)
defrost timer, and freezer control
complete circuit through heater.
Thermostat
(defrost)
Thermostat is in a series circuit with
terminal 2 of defrost timer, and defrost
heater. Circuit is complete if evaporator
fan motor operates when cold.
Check resistance across heater.
To check defrost system :
1. Thermocouple defrost thermostat and plug refrigerator into wattmeter.
2. Turn into defrost mode. Wattmeter should read specified watts (according to
Technical Data Sheet).
3. When defrost thermostat reaches specified temperature ±5°F (see Technical
Data Sheet), thermostat should interrupt power to heater.
Test continuity across terminals.
With power off and evaporator coil below freezing, thermostat should show
continuity when checked with ohmmeter. See “Heater, evaporator (defrost)”
section for additional tests.
Controls the circuit from freezer
thermostat through defrost terminator to
defrost heater. Opens and breaks circuit After defrost thermostat opens, thermostat remains open until end of defrost
when thermostat senses preset high
cycle and refrigerator starts cooling again. Defrost thermostat senses a preset
temperature.
low temperature and resets (closes).
Damper control
Damper control balances the air delivery Subject capillary to appropriate temperature (refer to Technical Data Sheet for
model being serviced).
between refrigerator and freezer
compartments providing temperature
control for refrigerator.
Damper door should close to within ¼" of completely shut.
Internal capillary activates damper
If altitude adjustment is required, turn altitude adjustment screw 1/8 turn
control and door closes restricting flow of clockwise for each 1,000 feet increase in altitude.
air from freezer compartment to
refrigerator compartment.
There are no electrical connections to damper control. See Technical Data Sheet
for damper specifications for unit being serviced.
9
16021484 Rev. 0
Service Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a 10,000 ohm resistor before attempting
to service. Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Service Equipment
Drier Replacement
Listed below is equipment needed for proper
servicing of HFC134a systems. Verify equipment is
confirmed by manufacturer as being compatible with
HFC134a and ester oil system.
Before opening refrigeration system, recover
HFC134a refrigerant for safe disposal.
Every time sealed HFC134a system is repaired, drier
filter must be replaced with, part # B2150504.
Equipment must be exclusively used for HFC134a.
Exclusive use of equipment only applies to italic
items.
Cut drier out of system by completing the following
steps. Do not unbraze drier filter. Applying heat to
remove drier will drive moisture into system.
• Evacuation pump
Check with vacuum pump supplier to verify equipment
is compatible for HFC134a. Robinair, Model 15600
2 stage, 6 cubic feet per minute pump is
recommended.
• Four-way manifold gauge set, with low loss hoses
• Leak detector
• Charging cylinder
• Line piercing saddle valve
(Schroeder valves). Seals must be HFC134a and
ester oil compatible. Line piercing valves may be used
for diagnosis but are not suitable for evacuation or
charging, due to minute holes pierced in tubing. Do
not leave mechanical access valves on system.
Valves eventually will leak. Molecules of HFC134a are
smaller than other refrigerants and will leak where
other refrigerants would not.
• Swagging tools
• Flaring tools
• Tubing cutter
• Flux
• Sil-Fos
• Silver solder
• Oil for swagging and flaring
Use only part # R0157532
• Copper tubing
Use only part # R0174075 and # R0174076
• Dry nitrogen
99.5% minimum purity, with -40°F or lower dew point
• Crimp tool
• Tube bender
• Micron vacuum gauge
• Process tube adaptor kit
• Heat trap paste
• ICI appliance grade HFC134a
16021484 Rev. 1
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of severe personal injury or death, cut
drier at correct location. Cutting drier at incorrect
location will allow desiccant beads to scatter.
Completely clean area of beads, if spilled.
1. Score capillary tube close to drier and break.
2. Reform inlet tube to drier allowing enough space
for large tube cutter.
3. Cut circumference of drier at 1-1/4", below
condenser inlet tube joint to drier.
4. Remove drier.
5. Apply heat trap paste on post condenser tubes to
protect grommets from high heat.
6. Unbraze remaining part of drier. Remove drier
from system.
7. Discard drier in safe place. Do not leave drier with
customer. If refrigerator is under warranty, old
drier must accompany warranty claim.
10
Service Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a 10,000 ohm resistor before attempting
to service. Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Refrigerant Precautions
To AC supply
! WARNING
Switch
To avoid risk of personal injury, do not allow
refrigerant to contact eyes or skin.
Compressor
Fuses
C
! CAUTION
S
R
To avoid risk of property damage, do not use
refrigerant other than that shown on unit serial
number identification plate.
Capacitor
NOTE: All precautionary measures recommended by
refrigerant manufacturers and suppliers apply
and should be observed.
Attaching Capacitor for Compressor Test
Line Piercing Valves
5. Connect a known good capacitor into circuit as shown
above. For proper capacitor size and rating, see
technical data sheet for unit under test.
Line piercing valves can be used for diagnosis, but
are not suitable for evacuating or charging due to
holes pierced in tubing by valves.
NOTE: Ensure test cord cables and fuses meet
specifications for unit under test (see Technical
Sheet for unit under test).
NOTE: Do not leave line piercing valves on system.
Connection between valve and tubing is not
hermetically sealed. Leaks will occur.
6. Replace compressor protector cover securely.
Open Lines
7. Plug test cord into outlet, then press and release start
cord switch.
During any processing of refrigeration system, never
leave lines open to atmosphere. Open lines allow water
vapor to enter system, making proper evacuation more
difficult.
! CAUTION
To avoid risk of damage to compressor windings,
immediately disconnect (unplug) test cord from power
source if compressor does not start. Damage to
compressor windings occurs if windings remain
energized when compressor is not running.
Compressor Operational Test
(short term testing only)
If compressor voltage, capacitor, overload, and motor
winding tests are successful (do not indicate a fault),
perform the following test:
If compressor runs when direct wired, it is working
properly. Malfunction is elsewhere in system.
1.Disconnect power to unit.
2.Discharge capacitor by shorting capacitor
terminals through a resistor.
If compressor does not start when direct wired, recover
system at high side. After the system is recovered,
repeat compressor direct wire test.
NOTE: Not all units have run capacitor.
3.Remove leads from compressor terminals.
If compressor runs after system is recovered (but
would not operate when wired direct before recovery) a
restriction in sealed system is indicated.
4.Attach test cord to compressor windings.
• Common lead on test cord attaches to C terminal
on compressor.
If motor does not run when wired direct after recovery,
replace faulty compressor.
• Start lead on test cord attaches to S terminal on
compressor.
• Run lead on test cord attaches to M terminal on
compressor.
11
16021484 Rev. 1
Service Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a 10,000 ohm resistor before attempting
to service. Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Dehydrating Sealed Refrigeration System
Testing Systems Containing No Refrigerant Charge
1. Connect cylinder of nitrogen, through gauge
manifold, to process tube of compressor and liquid
line strainer.
Moisture in a refrigerator sealed system exposed to
heat generated by the compressor and motor reacts
chemically with refrigerant and oil in the system and
forms corrosive hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acids.
These acids contribute to breakdown of motor winding
insulation and corrosion of compressor working parts,
causing compressor failure.
2. Open valves on nitrogen cylinder and gauge manifold.
Allow pressure to build within sealed system.
3. Check for leaks using soap suds.
If a leak is detected in a joint, do not to attempt to repair
by applying additional brazing material. Joint must be
disassembled, cleaned and rebrazed. Capture refrigerant
charge (if system is charged), unbraze joint, clean all
parts, then rebraze.
In addition, sludge, a residue of the chemical reaction,
coats all surfaces of sealed system, and will eventually
restrict refrigerant flow through capillary tube.
To dehydrate sealed system, evacuate system (see
paragraph Evacuation).
If leak is detected in tubing, replace tubing. If leak is
detected in either coil, replace faulty coil.
Leak Testing
!
DANGER
To avoid risk of serious injury or death from violent
explosions, NEVER use oxygen or acetylene for
pressure testing or clean out of refrigeration
systems. Free oxygen will explode on contact with
oil. Acetylene will explode spontaneously when put
under pressure.
It is important to check sealed system for refrigerant
leaks. Undetected leaks can lead to repeated service
calls and eventually result in system contamination,
restrictions, and premature compressor failure.
Refrigerant leaks are best detected with halide or
electronic leak detectors.
Testing Systems Containing a Refrigerant Charge
1. Stop unit operation (turn refrigerator off).
2. Holding leak detector exploring tube as close to
system tubing as possible, check all piping, joints,
and fittings.
NOTE: Use soap suds on areas leak detector cannot
reach or reliably test.
16021484 Rev. 1
12
Service Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a 10,000 ohm resistor before attempting
to service. Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Restrictions
3. Visually check system for kinks in refrigeration line
which is causing restriction. Correct kink and repeat
step 2.
Symptoms
Restrictions in sealed system most often occur at
capillary tube or filter drier, but can exist anywhere on
liquid side of system.
4. Turn unit off and time how long it takes high and low
pressure gauges to equalize:
Restrictions reduce refrigerant flow rate and heat
removal rate. Wattage drops because compressor is
not circulating normal amount of refrigerants.
• If pressure equalization takes longer than 10
minutes, a restriction exists in the capillary tube or
drier filter. Go to step 5.
Common causes of total restrictions are moisture,
poorly soldered joints, or solid contaminants. Moisture
freezes at evaporator inlet end of capillary tube. Solid
contaminants collect in filter drier.
• If pressure equalization takes less than 10 minutes,
system is not restricted. Check for other possible
causes of malfunction.
If restriction is on low side, suction pressure will be in a
vacuum and head pressure will be near normal.
If restriction is on high side, suction pressure will be in
a vacuum and head pressure will be higher than
normal during pump out cycle.
5. Recover refrigerant in sealed system.
NOTE: Before opening any refrigeration system,
capture refrigerant in system for safe disposal.
6. Remove power from unit.
Refrigeration occurs on low pressure side of partial
restriction. There will be a temperature difference at
the point of restriction. Frost and/or condensation will
be present in most case at the point of restriction.
Also, system requires longer to equalize.
! CAUTION
To avoid risk of personal injury or property damage,
take necessary precautions against high
temperatures required for brazing.
Slight or partial restriction can give the same
symptoms as refrigerant shortage including lower than
normal back pressure, head pressure, wattage, and
warmer temperatures.
7. Remove and replace restricted device.
8. Evacuate sealed system.
9. Charge system to specification.
Total restriction on the discharge side of compressor,
when restriction is between compressor and first half
of condenser, results in higher than normal head
pressure and wattage while low side is being pumped
out.
NOTE: Do not use captured or recycled refrigerant in
units. Captured or recycled refrigerant voids any
compressor manufacturer's warranty.
NOTE: Charge system with exact amount of refrigerant.
Refer to unit nameplate for correct refrigerant
charge. Inaccurately charged system will cause
future problems.
Testing for Restrictions
To determine if a restriction exists:
1. Attach gauge and manifold between suction and
discharge sides of sealed system.
2. Turn unit on and allow pressure on each side to
stabilize. Inspect condenser side of system. Tubing
on condenser should be warm and temperature
should be equal throughout (no sudden drops at any
point along tubing).
• If temperature of condenser tubing is consistent
throughout, go to step 4.
• If temperature of condenser tubing drops suddenly
at any point, tubing is restricted at point of
temperature drop (if restriction is severe, frost may
form at point of restriction and extend down in
direction of refrigerant flow in system). Go to step 5.
13
16021484 Rev. 1
Service Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a 10,000 ohm resistor before attempting
to service. Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Evacuation and Charging
!
Thermistor
Vacuum Gauge
CAUTION
E
Valve
To avoid risk of fire, sealed refrigeration system
must be air free. To avoid risk of air contamination,
follow evacuation procedures exactly.
High Side Gauge
D
Valve
C
Compressor
Charging Hose
Compressor
Process
Tube
NOTE: Before opening any refrigeration system, EPA
regulations require refrigerant in system to be
captured for safe disposal.
Proper evacuation of sealed refrigeration system is an
important service procedure. Usable life and
operational efficiency greatly depends upon how
completely air, moisture and other non-condensables
are evacuated from sealed system.
Drier/Process Tube
Charging Hose
B
A
.6 cm Copper
Tubing
F
Valve
Vacuum Pump
Air in sealed system causes high condensing
temperature and pressure, resulting in increased
power requirements and reduced performance.
Charging
Cylinder
Equipment Setup For Evacuation And Charging
5. After compound gauge (low side) drops to
approximately 29 inches gauge, open valve “C” to
vacuum thermocouple gauge and take micron
reading.
Moisture in sealed system chemically reacts with
refrigerant and oil to form corrosive hydrofluoric and
hydrochloric acids. These acids attack motor windings
and parts, causing premature breakdown.
NOTE: A high vacuum pump can only produce a good
vacuum if oil in pump is not contaminated.
Before opening system, evaporator coil must be at
ambient temperature to minimize moisture infiltration
into system.
6. Continue evacuating system until vacuum gauge
registers 600 microns.
Evacuation
To evacuate sealed refrigeration system:
7. At 600 microns, close valve “A” to vacuum pump and
allow micron reading in system to balance. Micron
level will rise.
1. Connect vacuum pump, vacuum tight manifold set
with high vacuum hoses, thermocouple vacuum
gauge and charging cylinder as shown in illustration.
• If in 2 minutes, micron level stabilizes at 1000
microns or below, system is ready to be charged.
Evacuation should be done through I.D. opening of
tubes not through line piercing valve.
• If micron level rises above 1000 microns and
stabilizes, open valve “A” and continue evacuating.
2. Connect low side line to compressor process tube.
• If micron reading rises rapidly and does not
stabilize, a leak still exists in system.
3. Connect high side line to drier/process tube.
4. Evacuate both simultaneously. With valve “C” and “F”
closed, open all other valves and start vacuum pump.
16021484 Rev. 1
Low Side Gauge
Close valve “A” to vacuum pump and valve “C” to
vacuum gauge. Invert charging cylinder and open
charging cylinder valve “F” to add partial charge for
leak checking. With leak detector, check manifold
connections and system for leaks. After locating
leak, capture refrigerant, repair leak, and begin at
step 1.
14
Service Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a 10,000 ohm resistor before attempting
to service. Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Refrigerant Charge
Charging
NOTE: Do not use captured or recycled refrigerant in
units. Captured or recycled refrigerant voids any
warranty.
Refrigerant charge in all capillary tube systems is
critical and exact amount is required for proper
performance. Factory charges are shown on serial
plate.
NOTE: Do not use refrigerant other than shown on
serial plate.
NOTE: Charge system with exact amount of refrigerant.
Refer to unit serial plate for correct refrigerant
charge. Inaccurately charged system will cause
future problems.
To charge system:
1. Close valves “A” to vacuum pump and “C” to vacuum
gauge and “E” to low side manifold gauge.
2. Set scale on dial-a-charge cylinder for corresponding
HFC134a pressure reading.
3. Open valve “F” to charging cylinder and let exact
amount of refrigerant flow from cylinder into system.
Close valve.
Low side gauge pressure should rise shortly after
opening charging cylinder valve as system pressure
equalizes through capillary tube.
If pressure does not equalize, a restriction typically
exists at capillary/drier braze joint.
4. If pressure equalizes, open valve “E” to low side
manifold gauge and pinch off high side drier process
tube.
5. Start compressor and draw remaining refrigerant
from charging hoses and manifold into compressor
through compressor process tube.
6. To check high side pinch-off drier process tube. Close
valve “D” to high side gauge. If high side pressure
rises, repeat high side pinch-off and open valve “D”.
Repeat until high side pinch-off does not leak.
7. Pinch-off compressor process tube and remove
charging hose. Braze stub closed while compressor is
operating.
8. Disconnect power. Remove charging hose and braze
high side drier process tube closed.
9. Recheck for refrigerant leaks.
15
16021484 Rev. 1
Service Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a 10,000 ohm resistor before attempting
to service. Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
HFC134a Service Information
! CAUTION
HFC134a is alternative refrigerant for CFC12.
HFC134a has an ozone depletion potential (ODP)
factor of 0.0 and a global warming potential (GWP)
factor of 0.27. HFC134a is not flammable and has
acceptable toxicity levels. HFC134a is not
interchangeable with CFC12. There are significant
differences between HFC134a and CFC12 which
must be considered when handling and processing
refrigeration system.
To minimize contamination, exercise extreme care
when servicing HFC134A sealed systems.
• No trace of other refrigerants is allowed in HFC134a
systems. Chlorinated molecules in other refrigerants
such as CFC12, etc. will lead to capillary tube
plugging.
• Ester oil is used in HFC134a systems. Do not use
mineral oil. HFC134a and mineral oils cannot be
mixed. If mineral oils were used in HFC134a systems,
lubricant would not return to compressor and would
cause early compressor failure. If significant amount
of oil has been lost from compressor, replace oil
rather than adding oil.
• Ester oils used in HFC134a systems are so
hydroscopic that by the time an inadequate system
performance is detected, oil will be saturated with
moisture.
• CFC12 has much higher tolerance to system
processing materials, such as drawing compounds,
rust inhibitors, and cleaning compounds, than
HFC134a. Such materials are not soluble in HFC134a
systems. If materials were to be washed from system
surfaces by ester oils, they could accumulate and
eventually plug capillary tube.
• Care must be taken to minimize moisture entering
HFC134a system. Do not leave compressor or system
open to atmosphere for more than 10 minutes.
Excessive moisture in HFC134a system will react with
compressor oil and generate acid.
• Compressor must be replaced when performing low
side leak repair.
• Drier filter must always be replaced with service drier
filter, part #B2150504.
Health, Safety, and Handling
Health, safety and handling considerations for
HFC134A are virtually no different than those for
CFC12.
Health, Safety, and
Handling
Allowable overall
exposure limit
Vapor exposure to skin
Liquid exposure to skin
Vapor exposure to eye
Liquid exposure to eye
Above minimum exposure
limit
Safety and handling
Spill management
Fire explosion hazards
Disposal procedures
CFC12
HFC134a
1,000 ppm
Same
No effect
Can cause frostbite
Very slight eye irritant
Can cause frostbite
Can cause Asphyxiation,
Tachycardia, and Cardia
Arrhythmias
Wear appropriate skin
and eye protection. Use
with adequate
ventilation.
Remove or extinguish
ignition or combustion
sources. Evacuate or
ventilate area.
May decompose if
contact with flames and
heating elements.
Container may explode
if heated due to resulting
pressure rise.
Combustion products
are toxic.
Recycle or reclaim.
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Important: Unbrazing drier filter from tubing will drive
moisture from desiccant and into system, causing
acids to form. Do not unbraze filter drier from tubing.
If CFC12 service drier was installed in HFC134A
system, drier could overload due to excessive
moisture.
Comparison of CFC12 and HFC134a Properties
Properties/Characteristics
Ozone Depletion Potential
(ODP)
Global Warming Potential
(GPW)
Molecular weight
Boiling point at 1 atmosphere
Vapor pressure at 77°F
(25°C)
Liquid density at 77°F (25°C)
Flammability
High-side system operating
Pressure at 65°F (18°C)
Low-side system operating
Pressure at 65°F (18°C)
16021484 Rev. 1
CFC12
1.0*
HFC134a
0.0*
3.2*
0.27*
121
-22°F (-30°C)
80 psig
102
-15°F (126°C)
82 psig
3
3
• HFC134a compatible copper tubing, part #R0174075
(1/4" O.D. X 18" length) and part #R0174076 (5/16"
O.D. X 24" length) must be used when replacing
tubing.
• Avoid system contamination by using Towerdraw
E610 evaporating oil, part # R0157532, when flaring,
swagging, or cutting refrigeration tubing.
82 lb/ft
75 lb/ft
No
No
HFC134a approximately 3 psig
higher than CFC12
HFC134a approximately 2 psig
lower than CFC12
16
Service Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a 10,000 ohm resistor before attempting
to service. Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Replacement Service Compressor
Brazing
HFC134a service compressors will be charged with
ester oil and pressurized with dry nitrogen. Before
replacement compressor is installed, pull out 1 rubber
plug. A pop from pressure release should be heard. If
a pop sound is not heard, do not use compressor.
Positive pressure in compressor is vital to keep
moisture out of ester oil. Do not leave compressor
open to atmosphere for more than 10 minutes.
! CAUTION
To avoid risk of personal injury or property damage,
take necessary precautions against high
temperatures required for brazing.
Satisfactory results require cleanliness, experience,
and use of proper materials and equipment.
Compressor Testing Procedures
Connections to be brazed must be properly sized, free
of rough edges, and clean.
! WARNING
Generally accepted brazing materials are:
• Copper to copper joints: SIL-FOS (alloy of 15
percent silver, 80 percent copper, and 5 percent
phosphorous). Use without flux. Recommended
brazing temperature is approximately 1400°F. Do not
use for copper to steel connection.
• Copper to steel joints: SILVER SOLDER (alloy of 30
percent silver, 38 percent copper, 32 percent zinc).
Use with fluoride based flux. Recommended brazing
temperature is approximately 1200°F.
• Steel to steel joints: SILVER SOLDER (see copper
to steel joints).
• Brass to copper joints: SILVER SOLDER (see
copper to steel joints).
• Brass to steel joints: SILVER SOLDER (see copper
to steel joints).
To avoid death or severe personal injury, never use
oxygen, air or acetylene for pressure testing or
clean out of refrigeration system. Use of oxygen,
air, or acetylene may result in violent explosion.
Oxygen may explode on contact with oil and
acetylene will spontaneously explode when under
pressure.
Refer to Technical Data Sheet “Temperature
Relationship Chart” for operating watts, test points,
and temperature relationship test for unit being tested.
• Temperature testing is accomplished by using 3 lead
thermocouple temperature tester in specific locations.
Test point T-1 is outlet on evaporator coil and T-2 is
inlet. Test point T-3 is suction tube temperature
midway between where armaflex ends and suction
port of compressor (approximately 12 inches from
compressor).
• Thermocouple tips should be attached securely to
specified locations.
• Do not test during initial pull down. Allow one off cycle
or balanced temperature condition to occur before
proceeding with testing.
• Refrigerator must operate minimum of 20 minutes
after thermocouples are installed.
• Turn control to colder to obtain required on time.
• Wattage reading must be recorded in conjunction with
temperature test to confirm proper operation.
• Suction and head pressures are listed on
“Temperature and Relationship Chart”. Normally these
are not required for diagnosis but used for
confirmation on systems which have been opened.
17
16021484 Rev. 1
Refrigerant Flow
CAPILLARY
TUBE
Note: Capillary Tube and
Suction Tube are
located under Fresh
Food floor.
SUCTION
TUBE
CONDENSER
EVAPORATOR
POST CONDENSER
TUBE
COMPRESSOR
DISCHARGE
TUBE
DRYER
PROCESS
TUBE
19, 20, 22 cu. ft. Bottom Mount
Refrigerant Flow Diagram
16021484 Rev. 1
18
Cabinet Air Flow
REFRIGERATOR AIR
SUPPLY TUNNEL TO
FRESH FOOD COMPARTMENT
CONTROL DAMPER
CRISPER AIR
SUPPLY PORT
REFRIGERATOR
RETURN AIR
TUNNELS
EVAPORATOR FAN
ASSEMBLY
EVAPORATOR
FREEZER AIR
SUPPLY GRILLE
EVAPORATOR
COVER
FREEZER RETURN AIR
THOUGH LOUVERS AT
BOTTOM OF EVAPORATOR
COVER
19, 20, 22 cu. ft. Bottom Mount
Cabinet Air Flow Diagram
19
16021484 Rev. 1
Machine Compartment Air Flow
Compressor
Condenser Fan
Assembly
Condenser
20 cu. ft. Bottom Mount
Machine Compartment Air Flow Diagram
16021484 Rev. 1
20
Machine Compartment Air Flow
COMPRESSOR
DRIP PAN
CONDENSER
CONDENSER FAN
ASSEMBLY
19, 22 cu. ft. Model Bottom Mount
Machine Compartment Air Flow Diagram
21
16021484 Rev. 1
Water Dispenser
5/16" OD x 5/16" OD COMPRESSION UNION
5/16" O.D.
PLASTIC TUBING
ROUTED THRU A
FOAMED-IN CONDUIT
THIS AREA
FILTER
WATER
RESERVOIR
WATER
DISPENSER
REMOVE WATER
TUBING FROM CONDUIT
FROM DISPENSER END
PLASTIC TUBING 5/16" O.D.
ICE
MAKER
1/4" O.D.
PLASTIC TUBING
WATER DISPENSING FLOW
16021484 Rev. 1
22
Typical External Sweat Pattern
#1
#1
CLASSIFICATION OF
CONDENSATION
Top
1 = Haze or fog
2 = Beading
3 = Beads or small drops
4 = Drops running together
Refrigerator
door bottom
#1
Center
mullion
No sweat on side
when compressor
is running
#2
Freezer
door top
Conditions after 4 hour
Laboratory Sweat Test.
Ambient: 90 dF
Relative humidity 84%
Refrigerator Temp. 40 dF
Freezer Temp. 0 dF
Freezer
door bottom
#2
Lower
mullion
23
16021484 Rev. 1
Troubleshooting Chart
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Troubleshooting chart on following pages contains symptoms that may be seen in malfunctioning units. Each
symptom is accompanied by one or more possible causes and by a possible remedy or test to determine if
components are working properly.
Symptom
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Unit does not run
No power to unit
Check for power at outlet. Check
fuse box/circuit breaker for blown
fuse or tripped breaker. Replace or
reset.
Check with test light at unit; if no
circuit and current is indicated at
outlet, replace or repair.
Faulty power cord
Low voltage
Check input voltage for proper
voltage. Take appropriate action to
correct voltage supply problem.
Faulty motor or freezer temperature
control
Check all connections are tight and
secure.
Jumper across terminals of control. If
unit runs, replace control.
Check with test light. Replace if
necessary.
Check relay. Replace if necessary.
Faulty timer
Faulty relay
Refrigerator section too warm
16021484 Rev. 1
Faulty compressor
Check compressor motor windings
for opens/shorts.
Perform compressor direct wiring
test.
Replace if necessary.
Faulty overload
Check overload for continuity.
NOTE: Ensure
compressor/overload are below
trip temperature before testing.
Replace if necessary.
Excessive door opening
Overloading of shelves
Consumer education
Consumer education
Warm or hot foods placed in cabinet
Consumer education
Cold control set too warm
Set control to colder setting.
Poor door seal
Level cabinet. Adjust hinges.
Replace gasket.
Refrigerator airflow
Interior light remains on
Check damper is opening by
removing grille. With door open,
damper should open. Replace if
faulty.
Turn control knob to colder position.
Check switch. Replace if necessary.
Faulty condenser fan or evaporator
fan
Check fan and wiring. Replace if
necessary.
Faulty compressor
Replace compressor.
24
Troubleshooting Chart
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Symptom
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Refrigerator section too cold
Refrigerator temperature control set
too cold
Adjust refrigerator temperature
control.
Refrigerator airflow not properly
adjusted
Temperature controls set too warm
Check air flow.
Freezer and refrigerator sections too
warm
Freezer section too cold
Unit runs continuously
Unit runs continuously. Temperature
normal.
Unit runs continuously. Temperature
too cold.
Noisy operation
Poor door seal
Reset temperature controls.
Level cabinet. Adjust hinges.
Replace gasket.
Dirty condenser or obstructed grille
Check condenser and grille. Clean.
Faulty control
Test control. Replace if failed.
Refrigerant shortage or restriction
Check for leak or restriction. Repair,
evacuate and recharge system.
Freezer temp control set too cold
Faulty control
Adjust freezer temperature control.
Test control. Replace if failed.
Cold control capillary not properly
clamped to evaporator
Temperature control set too cold
Reposition clamp and tighten.
Adjust temperature control.
Dirty condenser or obstructed grille
Check condenser and grille. Clean.
Poor door seal
Level cabinet. Adjust hinges.
Replace gasket.
Interior light remains on
Faulty condenser fan or evaporator
fan
Check switch. Replace if necessary.
Check fan and wiring. Replace if
necessary.
Faulty control
Test control. Replace if failed.
Refrigerant shortage or restriction
Check for leak or restriction. Repair,
evacuate and recharge system.
Refrigerant overcharge
Check for overcharge. Evacuate and
recharge system.
Air in system
Check for low side leak. Repair,
evacuate and recharge system.
Ice on evaporator
See “Ice on evaporator”.
Faulty defrost thermostat
Loose flooring or floor not firm
Check thermostat. Replace if
necessary.
Repair floor or brace floor.
Cabinet not level
Level cabinet.
Tubing in contact with cabinet, other
tubing, or other metal
Drip pan vibrating
Adjust tubing.
Adjust drain pan.
Fan hitting another part
Ensure fan properly aligned and all
attaching hardware and brackets are
tight and not worn. Tighten or
replace.
Worn fan motor bearings
Check motor for loss of lubricant or
worn bearings. Replace if necessary.
Compressor mounting grommets
worn or missing. Mounting hardware
loose or missing
Free or loose parts causing or
allowing noise during operation
Tighten hardware. Replace
grommets if necessary.
25
Inspect unit for parts that may have
worked free or loose or missing
screws. Repair as required.
16021484 Rev. 1
Troubleshooting Chart
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Symptom
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
Frost or ice on evaporator
Defrost thermostat faulty
Check defrost thermostat. Replace if
failed.
Evaporator fan faulty
Check fan motor. Replace if failed.
Defrost heater remains open
Check defrost heater continuity.
Replace if failed.
Defrost control faulty
Check control and replace if failed.
Open wire or connector
Check wiring and connections.
Repair as necessary.
Refrigerant shortage or restriction
Check for leak or restriction. Repair,
evacuate and recharge system.
Loose wire or thermostat
connections
Check wiring and connections.
Repair as necessary.
Supply voltage out of specification
Check input voltage. Correct any
supply problems.
Overload protector open
Check overload protector for
continuity. If open, replace overload.
NOTE: Ensure
overload/compressor are below
trip temperature before testing.
Faulty compressor motor capacitor
(some compressors do not require
motor capacitor)
Check capacitor for open/short.
Replace if necessary.
NOTE: Discharge capacitor
before testing.
Faulty fan motor
Check fan motor. Replace if failed.
Restricted air flow
Check condenser and grille for dirt.
Clean.
Refrigerant shortage or restriction
Check for leak or restriction. Repair,
evacuate and recharge system.
Unit starts and stops frequently
(cycles on and off)
16021484 Rev. 1
26
System Diagnosis
CONDITION
SUCTION
PRESSURE
VARIATION
FROM
NORMAL
HEAD
PRESSURE
VARIATION
FROM
NORMAL
T1 INLET
TEMPERATURE
VARIATION
FROM NORMAL
T2 OUTLET
TEMPERATURE
VARIATION
FROM NORMAL
T3 SUCTION
TEMPERATURE
VARIATION
FROM NORMAL
WATTAGE
VARIATION
FROM
NORMAL
Refrigerant
Overcharge
Increase
Increase
Warmer
Warmer
Colder
Increase
Shortage of
Refrigerant
Decrease
Decrease or
Increase
See Text
Colder
Warmer
Warmer
Decrease
Partial
Restriction
Decrease
Decrease or
Increase
See Text
Note 2
Colder
Warmer
Warmer
Decrease
Air in System
Near Normal
Increase
Warmer
Warmer
Warmer
Increase
Low Ambient
Installations
(High
Ambients the
Reverse)
Decrease
Decrease
Colder
Warmer
Warmer
Decrease
Additional
Heat Load
Increase
Increase
Warmer
Warmer
Warmer
Increase
Inefficient
Compressor
Increase
Normal or
Decrease
Warmer or Colder
Warmer
Warmer
Decrease
Symptoms of an Overcharge
•
•
•
•
•
•
Above normal freezer temperatures.
Longer than normal or continuous run.
Freezing in refrigerator.
Higher than normal suction and head pressure.
Higher than normal wattage.
Evaporator inlet and outlet temperatures warmer than
normal.
• Suction tube temperature below ambient. Always
check for separated heat exchanger when suction
temperature is colder than ambient.
Various conditons could indicate an overcharge. For
example, if the cooling coil is not defrosted at regular
intervals, due to a failure of the defrost system, the
refrigerant will "flood out" and cause the suction line to
frost or sweat. The cause of this problem should be
corrected rather than to purge refrigerant from the
sytem. Running the freezer section colder than
necessary (-2 to -1 F. is considered normal package
temperatures) or continuous running of the compressor
for a variety of reasons, or the freezer fan motor not
running, may give the indication of an overcharge.
27
Symptoms of Refrigeration Shortage
• Rise in food product temperature in both
compartments. (See Note 1 below.)
• Long or continuous run time.
• Look for obvious traces of oil that would occur due to a
leak or cracked refrigerant line.
• Lower than normal wattage.
• Compressor will be hot to touch because of the heat
generated by the motor windings from long continuous
running. It will not be as hot as it would be with a full
charge and long run times for some other reason such
as a dirty condenser.
• Depending on the amount of the shortage, the
condenser will not be hot, but closer to room
temperature. The capillary tube will be warmer than
normal from a slight shortage.
• If the leak is on the high side of the system, both
gauges will show lower than normal readings and will
show progressively lower readings as this charge
becomes less. The suction pressure guage will
probably indicate a vacuum.
• If the leak is on the low side of the system the suction
pressure guage will be lower than normal - probably in
a vacuum - and the head pressure gauge will be
higher than normal. It will probably continue to
become higher because air drawn in through the leak
is compressed by the compressor and accumulates in
16021484 Rev.1
System Diagnosis
the high side (condenser) of the system.
• Only partial frosting of evaporator instead of even
frosting of entire coil.
NOTE 1: Usually the first thing that is noticed by the
user is a rise in temperature foods. Although
temperatures will rise in both the freezer section
and the food compartment, the frozen meats
and vegetables will not thaw immediately. The
customer doesn't associate the problem with
the freezer section and will first notice that milk
and other food beverages are not cold enough.
Under some circumstances, such as in the case of
forced air meatkeeper model with a slight shortage of
refrigerant, freezing in the food compartment may be
experienced due to the additional running time. With a
refrigerant leak, however, it always gets worse and as
the refrigerant charge decreases the temperature will
continue to rise.
With a shortage of refrigerant the capillary line will not
have a full column of liquid. As a result, there is a
noticeable hissing sound in the evaporator. This should
not be mistaken for the regular refrigerant boiling
sounds that would be considered normal.
Symptoms of a Restriction
Always remember refrigeration (cooling) occurs on the
low pressure side of a partial restriction (obviously a
total restriction will completely stop the circulation of
refrigerant and no cooling will take place).
Physically feel the refrigeration lines when a restriction
is suspected. The most common place for a restriction
is at the drier-filter or at the capillary tube inlet or outlet.
If the restriction is not total there will be a temperature
difference at the point of restriction, the area on the
evaporator side will be cooler. In many cases frost and/
or condensation will be present. A longer time is
required for the system to equalize.
Any kinked line will cause a restriction so the entire
system should be visually checked.
A slight restriction will give the same indications as a
refrigerant shortage with lower than normal back
pressure, head pressure, and wattage, warmer product
temperatures.
NOTE 2: If a total restriction is on the discharge side of
the compressor, higher than normal head
pressures and wattages would result. This is
true only while the low side is being pumped out
and if the restriction was between the
compressor and the first half of the condenser.
16021484 Rev.1
28
To diagnose for a restriction versus a refrigerant
shortage, discharge the system, replace the drier-filter,
evacuate and recharge with the specified refrigerant
charge. If the unit performs normally three possibilities
exist: 1) refrigerant loss, 2) partially restricted drierfilter, and 3) moisture in system.
If the unit performs as it previously did you may have a
restricted capillary line or condenser or kinked line.
Find the point of restriction and correct it.
A restriction reduces the flow rate of the refrigerant and
consequently reduces the rate of heat removal.
Complete restriction may be caused by moisture, solid
contaminants in the system, or a poorly soldered joint.
Moisture freezes at the evaporator inlet end of the
capillary tube or solid contaminants collect in the drierfilter. The wattage drops because the compressor is not
circulating the usual amount of refrigerant.
As far as pressure readings are concerned, if the
restriction, such as a kinked line or a joint soldered shut
is anywhere on the low side, the suction pressure would
probably be in a vacuum while the head pressure will be
near normal. If the restriction is on the high side, the
suction pressure, again, will probably be in a vacuum
while the head pressure will be higher than normal
during the pump out period described earlier. In either
case, it will take longer than the normal ten minutes or
so for the head pressure to equalize with the low side
after the compressor stops.
Symptoms of Air in System
This can result from a low side leak or improper
servicing. If a leak should occur on the low side, the
temperature control would not be satisfied; thus,
continuous running of the compressor would result.
The compressor would eventually pump the low side
into a vacuum drawing air and moisture into the system.
Air and R134A do not mix so the air pressure would be
added to the normal head pressure, resulting in higher
than normal head pressures.
One way to determine if air is in the system is to read
the head pressure gauge with the product off and
evaporator and condenser at the same temperature and
then take the temperature on the condenser outlet tube.
This temperature should be within 3° or 4° F. of what the
Pressure-Temperature Relation chart shows for the
given idle head pressure. If the temperature of the
condenser outlet is considerably lower than the idle
head pressure of the gauge this would indicate there is
air in the system.
Thorough leak checking is necessary. Correct the
source of the leak. Do not attempt to purge off the air
because this could result in the system being
undercharged. It is best to discharge, replace drier,
evacuate and recharge with the specified refrigerant
charge.
System Diagnosis
Symptoms of Low or High Ambient
Temperature Installation
Lower ambient air temperature reduces the condensing
temperature and therefore reduces the temperature of
the liquid entering the evaporator. The increase in
refrigeration effect due to operation in a lower ambient
results in a decrease in power consumption and run
time. At lower ambients there is a reduction in cabinet
heat leak which is partially responsibile for lower power
consumption and run time.
An increase in refrigeration effect cannot be expected
below a certain minimum ambient temperature. This
temperature varies with the type and design of the
product.
Generally speaking, ambient temperatures cannot be
lower than 60° F. without affecting operating efficiency.
Conversely, the higher the ambient temperature the
higher the head pressure must be to raise the high side
refrigerant temperature above that of the condensing
medium. Therefore, head pressure will be higher as the
ambient temperature raises. Refrigerators installed in
ambient temperatures lower than 60° F. will not perform
as well because the pressures within the system are
generally reduced and unbalanced. This means that the
lower head pressure forces less liquid refrigerant
through the capillary line. The result is the symptoms of
a refrigerant shortage. The lower the ambient
temperature the more pronounced this condition
becomes.
When a point where the ambient temperature is below
the cut-in of the Temperature Control is reached, the
compressor won't run.
The drain traps will freeze in ambient temperatures of
32° F.
Heat Load
A greater heat load can result from the addition of more
than normal supply of foods, such as after doing the
weekly shopping. Other items contributing to an
additional heat load would be excessive door openings,
poor door sealing, interior light remaining on, etc.
An increase in heat being absorbed by the refrigerant in
the evaporator will affect the temperature and pressure
of the gas returning to the compressor. Compartment
temperatures, power consumption, discharge, and
suction pressures are all affected by heat load.
Pressures will be higher than normal under heavy heat
load.
29
16021484 Rev.1
Disassembly Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Door Removal
Fresh Food Door
1. Open both compartment doors. Remove door
buckets, all shelving and drawers from refrigerator
and freezer compartments. Place components on a
padded surface to avoid damage.
2. Close both doors and tape them shut so they won’t
fall off unexpectedly when hinges are removed.
NOTE: To minimize possibility of personal injury and/or
property damage, make sure unit doors are
taped shut before you undertake the next steps:
3. On top of unit, remove screw and retain plastic cap
from door hinge.
4. Remove and retain screws from top door hinge.
5. Pull tape off of door and lift door off unit. Set door on
a padded surface to prevent damage to finish.
6. Remove and retain center hinge pin and all plastic
shims. Note number and location of shims as you do
so.
LIGHT SHIELD SCREW
Freezer Door (some models)
1. Pull tape off freezer door and lift door off unit. Set
door on a padded surface to prevent damage to
finish.
2. If clearance requirements so dictate, remove center
and lower door hinges:
a. Remove screws from center hinge bracket.
Remove and retain bracket, screws, and all shims.
b. Remove toe grille by pulling it directly away from
unit, and pop plastic cover off bottom door hinge.
Grille and cover are fragile: keep both parts safe
from harm.
c. Remove bottom hinge pin and all shims from
bottom hinge bracket. Note number and location
of shims. Retain all parts.
d. Loosen mounting screws from bottom hinge
bracket. Remove and retain bracket and bolts.
Freezer Drawer (some models)
1. Open drawer to fully open position.
2. Remove upper and lower basket.
3. Remove screws one in each rail marked on side of
rail.
4. Lift front of drawer up and out to remove drawer.
5. Set drawer on a padded surface to prevent damage
to finish.
Light Bulb Assembly
1. Loosen mounting screw from refrigerator light cover.
Remove screw and slide cover to the rear to release
it from holding tabs. Retain all parts.
2. Remove light bulbs.
3. Remove damper control cover and foam insert by
pulling sraight on sides of rear cover and tilt forward
1/2” to 1”. This will release the cover from the tabs
holding it in place.
4. Release tension on damper control belt by
squeezing tabs on bottom of belt tensioner to
release tensioner from it’s holding tabs.
5. Slip belt off of damper control cog.
6. Use a taped putty knife to carefully pry front edge of
light assembly plastic housing.This releases tabs
holding up front of housing.
7. When released disconnect connector plugged in to
cabinet liner.
L IG H T A S S E M B L Y
Refrigerator Compartment
Light Bulb
1. Loosen mounting screw from refrigerator light cover.
Remove screw and slide cover to the rear to release
it from holding tabs. Retain all parts.
16021484 Rev. 1
L IG H T S O C K E T S
B E L T T E N S IO N E R
30
Disassembly Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Light Bulb Sockets
1. After following procedure on removing light bulb
assembly.
2. Disconnect wires to sockets.
3. Squeeze tab on back side of socket to release it from
assembly.
4. Reverse procedure to reassemble.
Temp- AssureTM Damper Control
1. Remove light shield.
2. Remove damper control cover and foam insert by
pulling straight on sides of rear cover and tilt forward
1/2” to 1”. This will release the cover from the tabs
holding it in place.
3. Release tension on damper control belt by
squeezing tabs on bottom of belt tensioner to
release tensioner from it’s holding tabs.
4. Slip belt off of damper control cog.
5. Damper can be removed by pushing in tabs on left
and right side of damper control to release damper
from rear wall.
6. Reverse procedure to reassemble.
Defrost Timer
1. After following procedure on removing light bulb
assembly.
2. Remove hex head screws holding timer to assembly.
3. Disconnect plug from timer.
4. Reverse procedure to reassemble.
DE F RO ST TIM E R
DAMPER BELT
DAMPER CONTROL
FOAM INSERT
DAMPER CONTROL COVER
Water Tank (some models)
1. Turn water off to unit.
2. Disconnect water line that supplys water tank from
water valve.
3. Remove compression nut off of inlet to tank.
4. Remove crispers from fresh food compartment.
5. Disconnect compression nut from union on outlet of
tank.
6. Remove two hex head screws holding tank to rear
bulkhead.
7. Remove water tank and tubing.
8. Reverse procedure to reassemble.
Light Switch
1. After following procedure on removing light bulb
assembly.
2. Disconnect wires from light switch.
3. Squeeze tab to release light switch from light
assembly.
4. Reverse procedure to reassemble.
31
16021484 Rev. 1
Disassembly Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Water Dispenser (some models)
1. Turn water off to unit.
2. Remove crispers from fresh food compartment.
3. Carefully pry top cover of dispenser out and remove.
4. Remove hex head screw to release dispenser from
cabinet.
5. Disconnect compression nut from union at outlet of
tank.
6. Remove compression nut from tubing.
7. Pull dispenser assembly and tube out of side wall.
8. Reverse procedure to reassemble.
Light Socket
1. Remove screw from rear edge of light shield.
2. Squeeze lens to release lens cover and remove.
3. With flat blade screwdriver release tabs in front of
cold control knob.
4. Cold control assembly will drop down when released.
5. Remove light bulb.
6. Squeeze tab holding light housing in place to release
housing and remove.
7. Disconnect wires to socket.
8. Squeeze tab on back side of housing to release
socket.
Light Switch
1. Carefully pry with taped putty knife pry the front of
light bulb assembly to release tabs.
2. The whole light bulb assembly will drop down.
3. Disconnect wiring to light switch.
4. Squeeze tabs on back side of switch to release it
from assembly.
Freezer Compartment
Freezer Temperature Control
1. Remove screw from rear edge of light shield.
2. Squeeze lens to release lens cover and remove.
3. With flat blade screwdriver release tabs in front of
cold control knob.
4. Cold control assembly will drop down when released.
5. Remove Knob by pulling off shaft.
6. Disconnect wires from cold control.
7. Release cold control capilary from retainers.
8. Squeeze tab to release cold control from assembly.
Freezer Back Panel
NOTE: Freezer compartment should now be empty and
walls should be clear of anything that will
obstruct removal of back panel.
1. Loosen screws that mount icemaker to freezer
compartment walls.
2. Pull icemaker gently away from wall of compartment.
As you do so, work fill cup free of fill tube. Unplug
icemaker electrical connector and remove icemaker
from unit.
3. (Pull out Drawer only) Loosen and remove screws
that hold 2 basket glides in place at left and right
sides of compartment.
4. If unit has no icemaker pry with flatblade icemaker
connection cover. Remove cover.
5. Remove hex head screws that hold back panel and
remove panel.
6. Squeeze tabs on ice maker plug to release it from
back panel
TEMPERATURE CONTROL
FREEZER CONTROL
ASSEMBLY
LIGHT COVER
Evaporator Fan, Evaporator Motor
1. Follow instructions in removing freezer back panel.
2. Remove screws that anchor evaporator fan bracket to
back wall of compartment. Pull fan and bracket out of
place as a unit
3. Free fan bracket from wiring harness by
disconnecting wires to motor.and wire in clips that go
to defrost terminator.
4. Pull evaporator fan blade off motor shaft.
5. Separate bracket and motor by squeezing lower
retainer bracket to release motor from bracket.
6. When reinstalling motor reference position of
terminals of new motor the same as old motor.
16021484 Rev. 1
32
Disassembly Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
DEFROST CONNECTOR PLUGS
Defrost Terminator (Thermostat)
1. Terminator is fastened to evaporator tubing with a
spring clip.
2. Snap terminator off tubing and cut wires to terminator.
3. Remove terminator from unit.
Defrost Heater
1. Follow instructions in removing freezer back panel.
2. Remove hex head screws retaining evaporator to
back cabinet wall.
3. Disconnect plugs from both sides of heater.
4. Release connectors from air dams on each side of
evaporator coil.
5. Grip evaporator tubing at left and right sides and tug
evaporator sharply forward. Evaporator will pop out of
plastic clips that hold it to back wall of unit. Then roll
bottom of evaporator forward and up, exposing
evaporator heater in its location amid fins at bottom
of evaporator.
6. Taking care to notice how and where they are placed,
remove spring clips that hold heater into evaporator
fins.
7. Pull evaporator heater out of evaporator fins, being
careful that heater electrical leads do not snag on air
dams, evaporator fins, tubing or other object.
SPRING CLIPS
DEFROST HEATER
Evaporator Removal
NOTE: Reclaim refrigerant per instructions in “Service
Procedures” before attempting evaporator
removal. To avoid system contamination, do not
leave system open for more than 10 minutes.
1. Follow instructions in removing freezer back panel.
2. Remove defrost thermostat. Refer to defrost
thermostat removal.
3. Remove defrost heater. Refer to defrost heater
removal.
4. Install protective cloth to prevent damage to cabinet
liner
5. Unbraze suction copper fitting at evaporator.
6. Score and break copper capillary at evaporator.
7. Install new evaporator and reassemble taking care in
not kinking tubing when reassembling.
33
16021484 Rev. 1
Disassembly Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Machine Compartment
SCORE CAPILARY TUBE
Condenser Fan & Fan Motor
1. Remove machine compartment cover.
2. Unplug wiring harness connector from fan motor.
3. On backside of fan motor, screws secure the motor to
its brackets. Remove those screws.
4. Note which side of fan blade is “front” and which side
is “rear.” Then use pliers to loosen nut that secures
fan blade to motor shaft. Remove nut and fan blade.
UNBRAZE COPPER
SUCTION FITTING
Drawer Assembly (some models)
1. Open drawer to fully open position.
2. Remove upper basket.
3. Remove screws one in each rail marked on side of
rail.
4. Lift front of drawer up and out to remove drawer.
Drawer Rails
1. Remove screws inside plastic rail retainer.
2. Remove rails from retainer by depressing plastic tabs
on back side of retainer.
3. Slide rails off of retainer.
M A C HINE CO M P ART M EN T
CO ND EN S ER F AN
C O V ER
HAR N ES S P LU G
W AT E R VA LV E
CO V ER
Bottom of Cabinet
Compressor
Front Roller Assembly
1. Remove toe grille by pulling it straight away from unit.
2. Raise front of refrigerator at least 4" off the deck and
block it up.
3. Unscrew leveling bolt until wheel is free of leveling
bolt.
4. Tip wheel assembly down until wheel assembly will
slide out of mount from the rear of assembly.
5. Remove roller assembly from unit.
NOTE: Install new drier and compressor per
instructions in “Service Procedures.” Evacuate
and recharge sealed system per instructions in
“Service Procedures.”
1. Remove machine compartment cover.
2. Remove drier.
3. Disconnect all compressor wiring and overload/relay
assembly.
4. Unbraze low and high pressure lines at compressor.
5. Remove compressor mounting bolts.
6. Lift compressor out of unit.
Rear Roller Assembly
NOTE: Condensate drip pan may spill when steps 1
thru 4 are performed. Have a towel ready to
mop up spillage.
Overload/Relay/Capacitor
1. Remove machine compartment cover.
2. Using fingers and standard screwdriver, press and
pry bale strap off the overload/relay assembly
3. Disconnect wires from overload/relay assembly.
Reference wire location.
4. Unplug overload/relay assembly from compressor.
1. Tape both doors shut to prevent doors from opening
2. Raise back of refrigerator at least 4" off the deck and
block it up.
3. Remove machine-compartment cover.
4. Locate and slide roller pins out of rollers.
5. Install new rollers and reinstall pins.
16021484 Rev. 1
34
Disassembly Procedures
!
WARNING
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal injury, or death, disconnect electrical power source to unit, unless test
procedures require power to be connected. Discharge capacitor through a resistor before attempting to service.
Ensure all ground wires are connected before certifying unit as repaired and/or operational.
Condensate Drain Pan
NOTE: Condensate drip pan may spill when steps 1
thru 4 are performed. Have a towel ready to
mop up spillage.
1. Remove machine compartment cover.
2. Tape both doors shut to prevent doors from opening
3. Raise back of refrigerator at least 4" off the deck and
block it up.
4. Remove Rear torx head srews holding base pan and
loosen front torx head screws on bottom of cabinet.
5. Carefully lower basepan taking care not to kink tubing
to compresser or condenser.
6. Remove hex screws holding condenser fan shroud to
basepan.
7. Lift shroud up and out of the way to allow removal of
condensate drain pan.
8. Remove drain pan.
Condensate Drain Tube
1 Remove machine compartment cover.
2. Drip tube is mounted to bottom of cabinet with clip.
Reach into machine compartment and squeeze the
clip to release drain tube.
3. Pull drip tube down, off drain nipple and back, out of
unit.
Condenser Removal
NOTE: Install new drier per instructions in “Service
Procedures.” Evacuate and recharge sealed
system per instructions in “Service Procedures.”
1. Remove machine compartment covers.
2. Unbraze tubing going to PC loop and heat exchanger.
3. Disconnect all machine compartment wiring at molex
plug to cabinet
4. Tape both doors shut to prevent doors from opening
5. Raise back of refrigerator at least 6" off the deck and
block it up.
6. Remove torx head screws to drop base pan and
condenser out of unit.
7. Remove basepan and condenser out of unit.
8. Unbraze discharge and condenser out at condenser.
9. Unsnap condenser from basepan and replace.
35
16021484 Rev. 1
A-1
Owner's Manual
Keep instructions for future reference.
Keep this manual and your sales receipt together in a safe
place in case warranty service is required.
Contents
Introduction ........................................................... 3
Important Safety Information ................................. 4
Installing Your Refrigerator ................................... 5
How to Remove the Doors and Hinges ............ 5
How to Reverse the Doors ................................ 6
How to Install and Remove Handles ................ 6
How to Replace the Doors and Hinges ............ 7
How to Remove and Install the Pullout Drawer 8
How to Connect the Water Supply .................... 9
How to Level Your Refrigerator ....................... 10
How to Adjust the Temperature Controls ........ 10
Fresh Food Features .......................................... 11
Interior Shelves ............................................... 11
Door Storage ................................................... 11
Accessories .................................................... 11
Climate-Controlled Drawers ........................... 12
Storage Drawers ............................................. 12
Freezer Features ................................................ 13
Primary Features ............................................. 13
Shelves ........................................................... 13
Drawers ........................................................... 13
Door Storage ................................................... 13
Accessories .................................................... 14
Hints and Care ................................................... 15
How to Clean Your Unit ................................... 15
How to Remove and Replace Light Bulbs ...... 16
Trouble Shooting ................................................ 17
Warranty .............................................................. 20
Bottom Freezer
Refrigerator
Ordering parts and accessories?
Questions about your features?
Please contact us with your model and serial number:
Consumer Affairs Department
Amana Appliances
2800 - 220th Trail
Amana, Iowa 52204
Ph# 1(800)843-0304 in U.S.A.
1(866)587-2002 au Canada
Internet: http:// www.amana.com
A-2
Thank you for buying an Amana refrigerator!
Please read this Owner's Manual thoroughly. This manual provides proper
maintenance information.
Complete registration card and promptly return. If registration card is missing,
call the Consumer Affairs Department.
Warranty service must be performed by an authorized servicer. Amana also
recommends contacting an authorized servicer if service is required after warranty
expires. To locate an authorized servicer, call 1-800-NAT-LSVC (1-800-628-5782),
or call 1(319)622-5511 if outside the U.S.A. You may also contact us on the web at
www.amana.com.
When contacting Amana, please provide the following information. Product
information is on the serial plate, located on ceiling of fresh food section.
Asure™ Extended
Service Plan
Amana offers long-term service
protection for this new refrigerator.
Asure™ Extended Service Plan is
specially designed to supplement
Amana’s strong warranty. This plan
covers parts, labor, and travel charges.
Call 1(800)528-2682, or contact us at
www.amana.com for more information.
Model Number ____________________________________________________
Before Calling Service...
'P' Number _______________________________________________________
If something seems unusual, please
check “Trouble Shooting” section,
which is designed to help you solve
problems before calling service.
Serial Number ____________________________________________________
Purchase Date ____________________________________________________
Dealer Name _____________________________________________________
Dealer Address ____________________________________________________
Dealer Phone _____________________________________________________
A-3
What if These Features
are Different from Mine?
This book is intended to show the
variety of features that are available in
the product line. If your refrigerator
does not have all the options that are
shown, many of these options may be
purchased by contacting the Consumer
Affairs Department. See contact
information on the cover of your
manual.
Important Safety Information
Recognize Safety Symbols, Words, Labels
!
DANGER
DANGER—Immediate hazards which WILL result in severe personal injury or
death.
!
WARNING
WARNING—Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in severe
personal injury or death.
!
CAUTION
CAUTION—Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in minor personal
injury or product or property damage.
What You Need to Know
about Safety Instructions
Warning and Important Safety
Instructions appearing in this manual
are not meant to cover all possible
conditions and situations that may
occur. Common sense, caution, and care
must be exercised when installing,
maintaining, or operating refrigerator.
Always contact your dealer, distributor,
service agent, or manufacturer about
problems or conditions you do not
understand.
! WARNING
To reduce risk of fire, electric shock, serious injury, or death when using your
refrigerator, follow these basic precautions, including the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Read all instructions before using
refrigerator.
Observe all local codes and
ordinances
Be sure to follow grounding
instructions.
Check with a qualified electrician
if you are not sure this appliance
is properly grounded.
DO NOT ground to a gas line.
DO NOT ground to cold water
pipe.
Refrigerator is designed to
operate on a separate 103 to 126
volt, 15 amp., 60 cycle line. DO
NOT modify plug on power cord. If
plug does not fit electrical outlet,
have proper outlet installed by a
qualified electrician.
8.
DO NOT use a two-prong adapter,
extension cord or power strip.
9. DO NOT remove warning tag from
power cord.
10. DO NOT tamper with refrigerator
controls.
11. DO NOT service or replace any
part of refrigerator unless
specifically recommended in
owner's manual or published
user-repair instructions. DO NOT
attempt service if instructions are
not understood or if they are
beyond personal skill level.
12. Always disconnect refrigerator
from electrical supply before
attempting any service. Disconnect
power cord by grasping the plug,
not the cord.
13. Install refrigerator according to
Installation Instructions. All
connections for water, electrical
power, and grounding must comply
with local codes and be made by
licensed personnel
when required.
14. Keep your refrigerator in good
condition. Bumping or dropping
refrigerator can damage unit or
cause unit to malfunction or leak.
If damage occurs, have
refrigerator checked by qualified
service technician.
15. Replace worn power cords and/or
loose plugs.
16. Always read and follow
manufacturer's storage and ideal
environment instructions for items
being stored in refrigerator.
! DANGER
To reduce risk of injury or death, follow basic precautions,
including the following:
Proper Disposal of Your Refrigerator
IMPORTANT: Child entrapment and suffocation are not problems of the past. Junked or
abandoned refrigerators are still dangerous–even if they sit out for "just a few days". If you are
getting rid of your old refrigerator, please follow the instructions below to help prevent accidents.
BEFORE YOU THROW AWAY YOUR OLD REFRIGERATOR OR FREEZER:
• Take off the doors.
• Leave the shelves in place so children may not easily climb inside.
Save TheseA Instructions
-4
Installing Your Refrigerator
These instructions were provided to aid you in the installation of your unit. Amana cannot be responsible for improper installation.
How do I measure an
opening to insure
proper fit?
A ½" of air space should be provided
for the top and back of the unit to allow
for proper air circulation. When
installing your unit, measure carefully.
Subflooring or floor coverings (i.e.
carpet, tile, wood floors, rugs) may
make your opening smaller than
anticipated.
How to Transport Your Unit
Follow these tips when moving the unit to final location:
• NEVER transport unit on its side. If an upright position is not possible, lay unit on its back.
Allow unit to sit upright for approximately 30 minutes prior to plugging unit in to assure oil
return to the compressor. Plugging unit in immediately may cause damage to internal parts.
•
Use an appliance dolly when moving unit. ALWAYS truck unit from its side–NEVER from its
front or back.
•
Protect outside finish of unit during transport by wrapping cabinet in blankets or inserting
padding between the unit and dolly.
•
Secure unit to dolly firmly with straps. Thread straps through handles when possible. DO NOT
overtighten. Overtightening restraints may
dent or damage outside finish.
Some clearance may be gained by using
the leveling procedure under How to
Level Your Refrigerator.
IMPORTANT: If unit is to be
installed into a recess where top of
unit is completely covered, use
dimensions from floor to top of
hinge cap to verify proper
clearance.
How to Select the Best Location
Observe these points when choosing the final location for your unit:
• DO NOT install refrigerator near oven, radiator, or other heat source. If not possible, shield unit
with cabinet material.
•
DO NOT install where temperature falls below 55°F (13°C). Malfunction may occur at this
temperature.
•
Make sure floor is level. If floor is not level, shim rear wheels of unit with a piece of plywood
or other shim material.
•
To assure proper door closure, verify that the unit is leveled with a ¼" tilt to the back.
How to Remove the Doors and Hinges
Some installations require door removal to get refrigerator to final location. If removal of the pullout drawer is required, see later section entitled
How to Remove and Install the Pullout Drawer
! WARNING
To avoid electrical shock which can cause severe personal injury or death, observe the following:
• Disconnect power to refrigerator before removing doors. Connect power only after replacing doors.
! CAUTION
To avoid damage to walls and flooring, protect soft vinyl or other flooring with cardboard, rugs, or other protective material.
1
2
•
•
3
Unplug power cord from power source.
Remove toe grille and bottom
bracket cover(s).
Open freezer door as wide as
possible.
Depending on the model of
your unit, you may have one
or two bracket covers.
4
6
Hold freezer door in place
while removing center hinge
pin with a 5/16" hex nut driver.
Remove freezer door.
7
8
Retain all screws for later use.
Retain hinge pin for later use.
Remove Phillips screws to
remove center hinge.
•
Retain screw and cover for
replacement.
Unscrew 5/16" hex head screws
from top hinge to remove hinge.
•
Lift refrigerator door from
center hinge pin.
•
Remove top hinge cover by
removing Phillips screw.
•
5
Retain all screws for later use.
Remove bottom hinge or stabilizing
bracket with 3/8" hex head driver.
• Lift out bottom hinge pin (some
models).
• Retain hinge pin and screws for
later use.
A-5
Installing Your Refrigerator
How to Reverse the Doors
1
IMPORTANT: When working directly on doors, place doors
on a nonabrasive surface protected by towels or rugs to
avoid damage to door finish.
Perform all steps listed in How to
Remove the Doors and Hinges.
2
3
Transfer cabinet plugs and cabinet
screws to opposite side of cabinet.
•
Remove cabinet plugs with flat
blade screwdriver tip wrapped
in masking tape.
•
Remove center mullion screws
with 5/16" hex head driver.
•
For swing doors only
Remove bottom mullion screws
with 3/8" hex head driver.
Transfer door stops from
bottom edge of fresh food
and freezer door to
opposite side of door edge.
•
Use a Phillips screwdriver for removal and
installation.
4
See How to Install and Remove
Handles to remove and reinstall
handles.
5
Proceed to How to Replace the
Doors and Hinges to mount doors.
How to Install and Remove Handles
Installing Fresh Food Front-Mounted Handles
Removing Fresh Food Front-Mounted Handles
If installing handles for the first time, the fresh food handles can be
located within the fresh food section. The handle trim will be located
in the literature pack.
1
Removing handles may be necessary when transporting unit through
tight spaces, or when reversing the door.
1
Remove ¼" hex nut screws from
door face with hex nut driver.
•
Align handle holes with screw holes
on door face and secure with 2
door face screws from step 1.
3
Locate handle trim in literature
pack and install over top and
bottom of handle, as illustrated.
•
•
•
If reversing door, remove door plugs
from opposite side of door and insert
in screw holes.
2
2
3
Secure top handle trim with remaining
screw removed in step 1.
Snap bottom trim over bottom portion of
handle.
Retain trim and screw for later
replacement.
Pry bottom handle trim from
handle with screwdriver flat blade
wrapped in masking tape.
•
Retain trim for later replacement.
Remove two remaining handle
screws and remove handle.
•
Retain screws for later replacement.
Removing Freezer Handles
Installing Freezer Handles
Removing handles may be necessary when transporting unit through
tight spaces, or when reversing the door.
If installing handles for the first time, the freezer handles can be
located within the freezer section.
Install handle by fastening with
screws removed from edge of
door.
•
Remove top handle trim by
removing top handle screw.
Remove handle screws with
Phillips screwdriver.
•
If reversing freezer door, remove door plugs from
top edge of door and insert into screw holes.
A-6
Retain screws for later replacement.
Installing Your Refrigerator
How to Install and Remove Handles
continued
Removing Fresh Food Side-Mounted Handles
Removing handles may be necessary when transporting unit
through tight spaces, or when reversing the door.
Installing Fresh Food Side-Mounted Handles
If installing handles for the first time, the fresh food handles
can be located on the back of the refrigerator.
Install handle by fastening
with screws removed from
edge of door.
Remove handle by removing
three screws from side of door.
•
Retain screws for later
replacement.
NOTE: If reversing door, remove
door plugs from opposite side of
door and insert in screw holes.
Installing Freezer Handles
If installing handles for the first time, the freezer handles can
be located on the back of the refrigerator.
Removing Freezer Handles
Removing handles may be necessary when transporting unit
through tight spaces.
Remove handle by removing
three screws from handle.
Install handle by fastening with
screws removed from edge of
door.
•
Retain screws for later
replacement.
Installing and Removing Stainless Steel Front -Mounted Handles
!
DANGER
To avoid risk of serious personal injury from sharp edges, do not
remove front-mounted stainless steel handles from unit.
How to Replace the Doors and Hinges
1
•
•
•
2
3
Install hinge assemblies.
Install top hinge loosely with 5/16" hex head
screws.
Install center hinge with Phillips screws.
Install bottom hinge with 3/8" hex head screws.
• Replace any applicable door shims.
Insert bottom hinge pin
(some models).
•
Place hinge side of freezer
door on bottom hinge pin and
hold freezer door upright
while installing center hinge
pin with 5/16" hex head driver.
• Make sure the hinge pin is installed tight.
Locate bottom hinge hole closest
to outside edge of cabinet, and
insert bottom hinge pin. Replace
any door shims, if present.
A-7
4
Place hinge side of refrigerator door on
center hinge pin.
5
While holding refrigerator door
upright, tighten down top
hinge with 5/16" hex head driver
and replace hinge cover.
Installing Your Refrigerator
How to Remove and Install the Pullout Drawer
! WARNING
To avoid electrical shock which can cause severe personal injury or death, disconnect power to refrigerator before
removing doors. After replacing doors, connect power.
! CAUTION
To avoid possible injury, product, or property damage, you will need two people to perform the following instructions.
Removing Pullout Drawer
Installing Pullout Drawer
1
Pull drawer open to full
extension. Remove
Phillips screw from each
side of rail system.
1
2
Remove lower basket by
lifting basket from rail
system.
2
3
Pull upper basket out to
full extension, and lift
out to remove.
4
Hook door supports
into rail tabs, as
illustrated, and
lower door into final
position.
3
With drawer pulled out to
full extension, insert lower
basket by aligning tabs
on both side of lower
basket with notches in
rail assembly.
4
Slide upper basket into
unit. Make sure that
rear of basket hooks
behind rail catch.
Lift top of door to
unhook door supports
from rail system. Lift
door out to remove.
A-8
Pull both rails out to full
extension.
Installing Your Refrigerator
How to Connect the Water Supply
! WARNING
To reduce the risk of injury or death, follow basic precautions, including the following:
•
Read all instructions before installing device.
•
DO NOT attempt installation if instructions are not understood or if they are beyond personal skill level.
•
Observe all local codes and ordinances.
•
DO NOT service device unless specifically recommended in owner’s manual or published user-repair
instructions.
•
Disconnect power to unit prior to installing device.
! CAUTION
To avoid property damage or possible injury, follow basic precautions, including the
following:
•
Consult a plumber to connect copper tubing to household plumbing to assure compliance with local codes and
ordinances.
•
Confirm water pressure to water valve is between 20 and 100 pounds per square inch. If water filter is installed,
water pressure to water valve must be a minimum of 35 pounds per square inch.
•
DO NOT use a self-piercing, or 3/16" saddle valve! Both reduce water flow, become clogged with time, and
may cause leaks if repair is attempted.
•
Tighten nuts by hand to prevent cross threading. Finish tightening nuts with pliers and wrenches. Do not
overtighten.
•
Wait 24 hours before placing unit into final position to check and correct any water leaks.
Materials Needed
•
1
/4" outer diameter
flexible copper tubing
• Shut-off valve (requires a 1/4" hole
to be drilled into water supply
before valve attachment)
NOTE: Add 8' to tubing length needed to reach water
supply for creation of service loop.
1
2
3
4
5
Create service loop with
tubing using care to avoid
kinks in tubing.
A
D
Slide brass nut over sleeve and
screw nut into inlet port.
Tighten nut with wrench.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT overtighten.
Cross threading may occur.
B
Remove plastic cap (A) from
water valve inlet port (B).
Place brass nut (D) and
sleeve (E) on copper
tube end as illustrated.
• Adjustable wrench
• ¼” hex nut driver
6
Pull on tubing to confirm
connection is secure.
Connect tubing to frame with
water tubing clamp (F) and turn
on water supply. Check for
leaks and correct, if present.
7
Monitor water connection for 24 hours.
Correct leaks, if necessary.
E
Place end of copper tubing into
water valve inlet port. Shape
tubing slightly–DO NOT
KINK–so that tubing
feeds straight into inlet port.
A-9
F
Installing Your Refrigerator
How to Level Your Refrigerator
If your refrigerator requires an ice maker water supply connection, proceed to How to connect the water supply
section before leveling your refrigerator.
! CAUTION
To protect personal property or unit from damage, observe the following:
• Protect soft vinyl or other flooring with cardboard, rugs, or other protective material.
• Do not use power tools when performing leveling procedure.
Materials Needed
1
•
3
/8" hex head driver
• Level
4
Move refrigerator to final location
and plug in power cord.
2
Remove toe grille
and bottom cover(s)
3
Turn left and right adjustment
screws (A) to raise or lower
front of refrigerator.
Using a level, make sure front of
refrigerator is ¼" (6 mm) or ½ bubble
higher than back of refrigerator.
• See leveling step 3 for assistance.
5
A
Replace toe grille and bracket cover(s).
See markings on inside of toe grille to
insure proper placement.
• Snap bottom portion into place first. Press
down on top part of grille until top portion snaps
into place.
• Make sure refrigerator cabinet is level
from side to side by adjusting left and
right roller adjustment screws.
• Turn stabilizing leg clockwise until firmly against
floor.
For Pullout Drawer Models: After completing
the above listed steps, turn roller adjustment
screws (A) 2 to 3 times counterclockwise, so
that full weight of unit rests on stabilizing legs.
How to Adjust the Temperature Controls
This refrigerator is designed to operate at a household temperature of 55° to 110°F (13° to 43° C). For initial temperature
setting, follow all five steps listed below. If doing a simple temperature modification for an operational unit, only steps 3
through 5 are required.
1
Locate refrigerator controls at the top of fresh food
compartment and freezer controls at top of freezer section. Set
IMPORTANT: Neither section will cool if freezer
both controls to 4.
control is set to Off.
2
3
4
5
Allow 24 hours for temperatures to stabilize.
Check to see if freezer temperature is 0° to 2° F (-17° to -16° C).
•
•
Turn control to next highest number if too warm.
Turn control to next lowest number if too cold. Allow 5
to 8 hours for adjustments to take effect.
Check to see that fresh food section is 38° to 40° F (3° to 4° C).
•
•
•
Turn control to next highest number if too warm.
Turn control to next lowest number if too cold.
Allow 5 to 8 hours for adjustments to take effect.
How do I perform
a temperature test?
Materials needed
• 2 thermometers measuring -5°
to 50°F (-21° to 10°C)
• 2 drinking glasses
For Freezer
• Place thermometer in glass of
vegetable oil in middle of freezer
and continue with step 3 of
Temperature Adjustment section.
IMPORTANT: Always start
temperature adjustments with
freezer section.
For Refrigerator
• Place thermometer in glass of
water in middle of unit and
continue with step 3 of
Temperature Adjustment section.
Repeat steps 3 & 4, as necessary.
A - 10
Fresh Food Features
Interior Shelves
!
Door Storage
Dairy Center
CAUTION
The dairy center provides convenient
storage for items such as butter,
yogurt, cheese, etc. This compartment
is an adjustable feature located in the
door. It can be moved to several
different locations to accommodate storage needs.
To avoid personal injury or property damage, observe the
following:
• Confirm shelf is secure before placing items on shelf.
• Handle tempered glass shelves carefully. Shelves may
break suddenly if nicked, scratched, or exposed to
sudden temperature change.
Full-Width Shelf
•
•
•
Door retainers remove for easy
cleaning.
To remove shelves, lift up and out.
To install shelves, reverse above
procedure.
•
To remove, slide retainer
up and pull straight out.
•
To install, reverse above
procedure.
Accessories
Grip Pads some models
The Grip Pads prevents objects from
sliding in the door bucket. Grip Pads are
removable and are top-rack dishwasher safe
for easy cleaning.
To remove shelf and frame, see instructions for
Spillsaver™ stationary shelves.
Wine Trivet/Can Rack some models
The Wine Trivet/Can Rack accessory
fits in the bottom of most drawer
assemblies.
Rear Shelf Extensions some models
Rear shelf extensions help prevent articles from falling
off the back of the shelf.
To remove and install shelf extension:
• To remove, pull extension
straight up from rear of shelf.
•
To install, reverse above procedure.
Door Retainer
Spillsaver™ EasyGlide™
some models
•
To install, reverse above procedure.
Door buckets adjust to meet individual storage
needs.
• To remove, slide bucket up and pull
straight out.
Spillsaver™ stationary shelves
hold simple spills for easier
cleaning.
Spillsaver™ EasyGlide™
shelves feature the convenience
of easy cleaning with a pullout
design to reach items in the
back. For ease of cleaning,
glass shelf may be removed by pulling to full
extension and lifting out of frame.
To remove, open dairy door, pull upward and tilt out.
•
Door Buckets
To remove shelves, unhook
shelf from rear ladder assembly
and pull out.
To install shelves, insert shelf hooks
into rear ladder assembly and lower
into place.
Spillsaver™ some models
•
•
•
Beer bottles can be laid crosswise, or a single bottle may be
laid in the center depression. Cans
may also be stored, as illustrated.
To install, insert posts of the
shelf extension into holes in the
shelf frame.
Pantry Divider some models
The pantry divider is used to
organize the Chef's Pantry™
into sections, and features a
collapsable joint on the front
edge to ensure a snug fit. NOTE: For easiest execution,
remove pantry. If removal is
not possible, pull drawer open
To remove and replace
to its fullest extension.
divider:
• To remove, unhook divider from
rear wall of pantry, and pull out.
•
A - 11
To install, hook back of
divider over rear wall of
pantry and press down until front joint snaps into place.
Fresh Food Features
Climate-Controlled Drawers
Humidity-Controlled Crisper Drawers
The crisper drawer keeps produce fresh longer by providing an environment with adjustable humidity.
Controls
The crisper controls regulate the amount of humidity in the crisper drawer. Use the low
setting for produce with outer skins. Use the high setting for leafy produce.
Temperature-Controlled Drawer
Chef's Pantry™
The Chef's Pantry™ system provides a drawer with a variable temperature control that keeps
the compartment up to 5°F (3°C) colder than refrigerator temperature. This drawer can be
used for large party trays, deli items, or beverages.
Control
The Chef's Pantry™ control regulates the air temperature in the drawer. Set control level to cold to
provide normal refrigerator temperature. Use the coldest setting for meats or other deli items.
NOTE: Cold air directed to the Chef's Pantry™ can decrease refrigerator temperature.
Refrigerator control may need to be adjusted.
Storage Drawers
What if I can't open my door
wide enough to remove the
drawers?
Snack Drawer
This drawer can be used for storage of food items
or extra produce.
Beverage Organizer™ some models
The Beverage Organizer™ slides out
from underneath the Spillsaver™ stationary
shelf. The Beverage Organizer™ holds up
to twelve 12-ounce beverage cans.
•
Remove drawer
furthest from hinge
side of cabinet.
•
Remove glass as
previously instructed.
•
Lift center divider from frame. Slide
existing drawer away from hinge side of
cabinet and remove.
What can I do to prolong the
life of my produce?
To remove and install drawers:
• To remove drawer, pull drawer
out to full extension. Tilt up front
of drawer and pull straight out.
•
Place hand beneath frame to push up
glass from underneath. Lift glass out.
Please observe the following rules when
storing produce in humidity-controlled crisper
drawers:
• DO NOT wash produce before placing in
crispers. Any additional moisture added to
the drawers may cause produce to
prematurely spoil.
• DO NOT line crispers with paper towels.
Towels will retain moisture.
• Follow control instructions carefully. Not
setting controls correctly may damage
produce.
•
Lift frame from refrigerator liner rails.
See chart below for assistance with controls:
•
To install, repeat above instructions in
reverse order.
LOW
•
To install, insert drawer into
frame rails and push back into
place.
To remove and install glass and frame:
• Remove drawers as instructed above.
HIGH
A - 12
•
•
•
•
cauliflower
apples
corn
oranges
• zucchini
• grapes
• cucumbers
•
•
•
•
lettuce
asparagus
spinach
cabbage
•
•
•
•
celery
broccoli
fresh sprouts
fresh herbs
Freezer Features
!
Primary Features
To avoid property damage, observe the following:
• Do not force ice maker arm down or up.
• Do not place or store anything in ice storage bin.
Automatic Ice Maker (some models)
Using Ice Maker for the First Time
• Confirm ice bin is in place
and ice maker arm is down.
•
Drawers
Wire Basket
After freezer section reaches
between 0° to 2°F (-18° to -17° C), ice maker fills
with water and begins operating.
•
Allow approximately 24 hours after installation to
receive first harvest of ice.
•
Discard ice created within first 12 hours of operation
to verify system is flushed of impurities.
To remove and install basket:
• To remove basket, pull basket
out to full extension. Tilt up front
of basket and pull straight out.
•
Operating Instructions
• Confirm ice bin is in place and ice maker arm is
down.
•
Stop ice production by raising
ice maker arm until click is heard.
•
Ice maker will remain in the off
position until arm is pushed down.
(Door assembly of drawer removed from illustration for
visual clarity)
To remove and replace top basket:
• Remove basket by pulling
basket out to its full extension
and lift out.
• Replace basket by
sliding into upper
molded railing.
To remove and replace bottom
basket:
• Remove basket by lifting basket from rail guides.
• Replace basket by placing into rail guides.
Shelves
Ice Service Rack
To install and remove rack:
• To install, slide L-shaped
groove of shelf down over
back wall screw. Push rack back 1
until screw is stopped in L-shaped
groove (1) . Slide front portion of
shelf over front wall screw (2).
•
Door Storage
2
Fixed Door Shelf
The fixed door shelf provides
convenient storage for frozen
food items in freezer door.
To remove and install door shelf:
• To remove shelf, lift assembly
from side liner tabs and pull
out.
To remove, perform above steps in reverse order.
Fixed Freezer Shelf
To remove and install shelves:
• Remove shelf by pulling
out to full extension. Tilt up
front of shelf and pull
straight out.
•
•
To install, insert shelf into
refrigerator liner rails and
push to back of compartment.
To install, fit ends of shelf assembly on
liner tabs and slide down.
Tilt-Out Bin (some models)
The tilt-out bin (A) provides A
convenient storage for frozen
food items in freezer door and
tilts forward for easy access of
those items.
To remove and install door shelf:
• See above instructions listed for
Fixed Door Shelf.
Slide-Out Freezer Shelf
To remove and install shelves:
• Remove shelf by pulling out to full
extension. Tilt up front of shelf and
pull straight out.
•
To install, insert basket into refrigerator liner rails and
push back into place
Pullout Drawer Baskets (some models)
After freezer section reaches 0° to 2°F (-18° to
-17° C), ice maker fills with water and begins
operating. You will have a complete harvest of
ice approximately every 3 hours.
•
CAUTION
To install, insert shelf into
refrigerator liner rails and push to
back of compartment.
A - 13
Freezer Features
Accessories
Ice Cube Tray (some models)
The ice cube tray provides an area to
freeze cubes for manual dispensing of
ice.
To release ice cubes from tray, hold tray
upside down over a storage container and twist both
ends of tray until cubes release.
Lower Basket Divider
(some models)
The lower basket divider allows
the option to organize the basket
area into sections.
To remove and replace divider:
•
To remove, pull divider straight up.
•
To install, hook top corners of divider over top
horizontal basket rungs.
A - 14
Hints and Care
What cleaners does
How to Clean Your Unit
Amana recommend for
my stainless steel
product?
Amana has a cleaner available for
purchase (Part # 31960801) through our
Consumer Affairs division.
For this, or a list of other recommended
cleaning products, please contact us at
Amana Consumer Affairs using the
information on the cover of your Owner's
Manual.
How do I remove an odor
from my refrigerator?
1. Remove all food.
2. Disconnect refrigerator.
3. Clean the following items
using the appropriate instructions in
How to Clean Your Unit :
• Walls, floor, and ceiling of cabinet
interior.
• Drawers, shelves, and gaskets
according to the instructions in this
section.
4. Pay special attention to clean all
crevices by completing the following
steps:
• Dilute mild detergent and brush
solution into crevices using a plastic
bristle brush.
• Let stand for 5 minutes.
• Rinse surfaces with warm water. Dry
surfaces with a soft, clean cloth.
5. Wash and dry all bottles, containers, and
jars. Discard spoiled or expired items.
6. Wrap or store odor-causing foods in
tightly-sealed containers to prevent
reoccurring odors.
7. Connect power to refrigerator and return
food to unit.
8. After 24 hours, check if odor has been
eliminated.
!
WARNING
To avoid electrical shock which can cause severe personal injury or death,
disconnect power to refrigerator before cleaning. After cleaning, connect power.
!
CAUTION
To avoid personal injury or property damage:
• Read and follow manufacturer's directions for all cleaning products.
• Do not place buckets, shelves, or accessories in dishwasher. Cracking or
warping of accessories may result
AREA
DO NOT USE
DO…
Textured Doors
and Exterior
•
•
•
•
Abrasive or harsh cleaners
Ammonia
Chlorine bleach
Concentrated detergents or
solvents
Metal or plastic-textured
scouring pads
•
Abrasive or harsh cleaners
Ammonia
Chlorine bleach
Concentrated detergents or
solvents
Metal or plastic-textured
scouring pads
Vinegar-based product
Citrus-based cleaners
•
Cabinet Interior
•
Stainless Steel Doors
and Exterior
IMPORTANT:
Damage to stainless steel
finish due to improper use
of cleaning products or
non-recommended
products is not covered
under any warranty
•
•
•
•
Door Gaskets
•
•
•
•
•
Condenser Coil Remove
toe grille to access
N/A
•
•
A Dishwasher
•
Use a vacuum cleaner
hose nozzle
•
Use a vacuum cleaner
hose nozzle with brush
attachment.
•
Follow removal and
installation instructions
from appropriate feature
section.
Allow items to adjust to
room temperature.
Dilute mild detergent and
use a soft clean cloth or
sponge for cleaning.
Use a plastic bristle brush
to get into crevices
Rinse surfaces with clean
warm mater.
Dry glass and clear items
immediately to avoid
spots.
•
•
If odor is still present...
1. Remove drawers and place on top shelf
of refrigerator.
2. Pack refrigerator and freezer sections–
including doors–with crumpled sheets
of black and white newspaper.
3. Place charcoal briquettes randomly on
crumpled newspaper in both freezer and
refrigerator compartments.
4. Close doors and let stand 24–48 hours.
5. Repeat steps 5 through 7.
•
•
•
A - 15
Use warm, soapy water
and a soft, clean cloth or
sponge.
Rinse surfaces with clean
warm water and dry
immediately to avoid
water spots
Abrasive or harsh cleaners
Metal or plastic-textured
scouring pads
Condenser Fan Outlet
Grille
See back of refrigerator
Accessories Shelves,
buckets, drawers, etc
•
Use 4 tablespoons (60
milliliters) of baking soda
dissolved in 1 quart (1
liter) warm soapy water.
Rinse surfaces with clean
warm water and dry
immediately to avoid
water spots
Hints and Care
How to Remove and Replace Light Bulbs
!
WARNING
To avoid electrical shock which can cause severe personal injury or death,
disconnect power to refrigerator before replacing light bulb. After replacing light
bulb, connect power.
!
CAUTION
To avoid personal injury or property damage, observe the following:
• Allow light bulb to cool.
• Wear gloves when replacing light bulb.
$
How to Get the
Most Out of
Your Energy
Dollar
• When placing refrigerator into final
position, allow for 1" clearance
around the top and sides of unit to
supply ample ventilation for
optimum energy efficiency.
• Avoid overcrowding refrigerator
shelves. This reduces effectivity of
air circulation around food and
causes refrigerator to run longer.
Fresh food section
1. Remove screw from light shield. Retain for
replacement.
• Avoid adding too much warm food
to unit at one time. This overloads
compartments and slows rate of
cooling.
1. Slide shield toward back of compartment to
release from light assembly.
2. Remove light bulbs.
3. Replace with appliance bulbs no greater than
40 watts.
• Do not use aluminum foil, wax
paper, or paper toweling as shelf
liners. This decreases air flow and
causes unit to run less efficiently.
4. Replace light bulb cover by inserting
tabs on light shield into liner holes on
each side of light assembly. Slide shield
toward front of unit until it locks into place.
DO NOT force shield beyond locking point.
Doing so may damage light shield.
• A freezer that is 2/3 full runs most
efficiently.
5. Replace screw removed in step 1.
A
Freezer section
1. Pinch rear tabs (A) on light cover and pull straight
out.
2. Remove light bulb.
3. Replace bulb with appliance bulb no greater
than 40 watts.
4. Insert top tabs (B) of light cover into refrigerator
liner and snap back portion over light assembly.
• Locate refrigerator in coolest part of
room. Avoid areas of direct sunlight,
or near heating ducts, registers, or
other heat producing appliances. If
this is not possible, isolate exterior
by using a section of cabinet or an
added layer of insulation.
• Refer to owner's manual section on
temperature controls for
recommended control settings
B
• Clean door gaskets every three
months according to Owner's
Manual cleaning instructions. This
will assure that door seals properly
and unit runs efficiently.
• Take time to organize items in
refrigerator to reduce time that door
is open.
• Be sure your doors are closing
securely by leveling unit as
instructed in your Owner's Manual.
• Clean condenser coils of as
indicated in the owner's manual
every 3 months. This will increase
energy efficiency and cooling
performance.
A - 16
Trouble Shooting
NOISE
Today’s refrigerators have new features and are more energy efficient. Foam insulation is very energy efficient and has
excellent insulating capabilities, however, foam insulation is not as sound absorbent. As a result, certain sounds may be
unfamiliar. In time, these sounds will become familiar. Please refer to this information before calling service.
TOPIC
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
Clicking
Freezer control (A) clicks when starting or
stopping compressor.
Defrost timer (B) sounds like an electric
clock and snaps in and out of defrost
cycle.
Normal operation
Air rushing or
whirring
Freezer fan (C) and condenser fan (D)
make this noise while operating.
Normal operation
Gurgling or
boiling sound
Evaporator (E) and heat exchanger (F)
refrigerant makes this noise when flowing.
Normal operation
Thumping
Ice cubes from ice maker(some models)
drop into ice bucket (G).
Normal operation
Vibrating noise
Compressor (H).makes a pulsating sound
while running.
Refrigerator is not level.
Normal operation
Buzzing
Humming
Hissing or
popping
Ice maker water valve (I) hookup (some
models) buzzes when ice maker fills with
water.
Ice maker (J) is in the ‘on’ position without
water connection.
Compresser (H).can make a high pitched
hum while operating.
Defrost heater(K) hisses, sizzles, or pops
when operational.
Normal operation
See Installation
Instructions for details on
how to level your unit.
Normal operation
B
G J
C
A
H
Stop sound by raising ice
maker arm to ‘off’ position.
See Automatic Ice Maker
section in your owner’s
manual for details.
Normal operation
F
Normal operation
OPERATION
Freezer control
and lights are on,
but compressor
is not operating.
Crisper drawer
temperature is
too warm
Refrigerator is in defrost mode.
Normal operation Wait 40 minutes to see if refrigerator
restarts.
Control settings are too low.
Freezer controls are set too low.
See section on Crisper drawer to adjust controls.
See controls section in owner’s manual on how to adjust
your controls.
See section on Crisper drawer to verify drawer positioning.
Drawer is improperly positioned.
Refrigerator does
not operate
Refrigerator still
won’t operate
Food temperature
is too cold
Refrigerator is not plugged in.
Freezer control is not on.
Fuse is blown, or circuit breaker needs
to be reset.
Power outage has occurred
Unit is malfunctioning.
Condenser coils are dirty.
Refrigerator or freezer controls are set
too high.
E
I
Plug in unit.
See section on controls in your owner’s manual.
Replace any blown fuses. Check circuit breaker and reset if
necessary.
Call local power company listing to report outage.
Unplug refrigerator and transfer food to another unit. If
another unit is not available, place dry ice in freezer section
to preserve food. Warranty does not cover food loss .
Contact service for assistance.
Clean according to cleaning instructions in your owner’s
manual.
See controls section in owner’s manual on how to adjust
your controls.
A - 17
D
K
Trouble Shooting
OPERATION
TOPIC
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
Food temperature
appears too warm
Door is not closing properly.
Refrigerator is not level. See How to Level Your Refrigerator for
details on how to level your unit.
Check gaskets for proper seal. Clean, if necessary, according to
cleaning instructions in owner’s manual.
Check for internal obstructions that are keeping door from
closing properly (i.e. improperly closed drawers, ice buckets,
oversized or improperly stored containers or foodstuffs, etc.).
Controls need to be adjusted.
Condenser coils are dirty.
Rear air grille is blocked.
Door has been opened frequently, or
has been opened for long periods of
time.
Food has recently been added.
Refrigerator has an odor
Water droplets form on
outside of refrigerator
Compartment is dirty or has odorcausing food.
Check gaskets for proper seal.
Humidity levels are high.
Controls require adjustment
Water droplets form on
inside of refrigerator
Humidity levels are high or door has
been opened frequently.
Check gaskets for proper seal.
See the controls section in your for assistance in how to adjust
your controls.
Clean according to cleaning instructions in your owner’s manual.
Check the positioning of food items in refrigerator to make sure
grille is not blocked. Rear air grilles are located under crisper
drawers.
Reduce time door is open. Organize food items efficiently to
assure door is open for as short a time as possible.
Allow interior environment to adjust for period the door has been
open.
Allow time for recently-added food to reach refrigerator or
freezer temperature.
Refer to Hints and Care in this owner’s manual for odor removal
instructions.
Clean, if necessary, according to cleaning instructions in
owner’s manual.
Normal during times of high humidity.
See the controls section in your Owner’s Manual for assistance
in how to adjust your controls.
See the controls section in your Owner’s Manual for assistance
in how to adjust your controls.
Reduce time door is open. Organize food items efficiently to
assure door is open for as short a time as possible.
Clean, if necessary, according to cleaning instructions in
owner’s manual.
Refer to noise section of troubleshooting guide in owner’s
manual.
Refrigerator or ice maker
make unfamiliar sounds or
seems too loud
Normal operation
Crisper drawers do not
close freely
Contents of drawer, or positioning of
items in the surrounding compartment
could be obstructing drawer
Reposition food items and containers to avoid interference with
the drawers.
Drawer is not in proper position
Refrigerator is not level.
See section Crisper drawer section for proper placement.
See How to Level Your Refrigerator for details on how to level
your unit.
Clean drawer channels with warm, soapy water. Rinse and dry
thoroughly.
Apply a thin layer of petroleum jelly to drawer channels.
Drawer channels are dirty or need
treatment.
Refrigerator runs too
frequently
Doors have been opened frequently or
have been opened for long periods of
time.
Reduce time door is open. Organize food items efficiently to
assure door is open for as short a time as possible.
Humidity or heat in surrounding area is
high.
Normal operation
Food has recently been added.
Allow time for recently-added food to reach refrigerator or
freezer temperature.
Unit is exposed to heat by
environment or by appliances nearby.
Evaluate your unit’s environment. Unit may need to be moved to
run more efficiently.
Condenser coils are dirty.
Clean according to cleaning instructions in your owner’s
manual.
A - 18
Allow interior environment to adjust for period the door has been
open.
Trouble Shooting
OPERATION
(continued)
TOPIC
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
Refrigerator runs too
frequently (continued)
Controls need to be adjusted.
See controls section in your Owner’s Manual for assistance
in how to adjust your controls.
Refrigerator is not level. See How to Level Your
Refrigerator for details on how to level your unit.
Check gaskets for proper seal. Clean, if necessary,
according to cleaning instructions in owner’s manual.
Check for internal obstructions that are keeping door from
closing properly (i.e. improperly closed drawers, ice
buckets, oversized or improperly stored containers or
foodstuffs, etc.).
Door is not closing properly.
ICE
Unit is leaking water
Plastic tubing was used to complete water
connection.
Amana recommends using copper tubing for installation.
Plastic is less durable and can cause leakage. Amana is
not responsible for property damage due to improper
installation or water connection.
Ice forms in inlet tube to ice
maker
Improper water valve was installed.
Check water connection procedure in your Installation
Instructions. Self-piercing and 3/16” saddle valves cause low
water pressure and may clog the line over time. Amana is
not responsible for property damage due to improper
installation or water connection.
Water pressure is low.
Water pressure must be between 20 to 100 pounds per
square inch to function properly. A minimum pressure of 35
pounds per square inch is recommended for units with
water filters.
Freezer temperature is too high.
See the controls section in your owner’s manual for
assistance on how to adjust your controls. Freezer is
recommended to be between 0 to 2°F (-18 to –17°C).
Water pressure is low.
Water pressure must be between 20 to 100 pounds per
square inch to function properly. A minimum pressure of 35
pounds per square inch is recommended for units with
water filters.
Improper water valve was installed.
Check water connection procedure in your Installation
Instructions. Self-piercing and 3/16” saddle valves cause low
water pressure and may clog the line over time. Amana is
not responsible for property damage due to improper
installation or water connection.
Water flow is slower than
normal
A - 19
Amana Refrigerator Warranty
First Year
Amana will replace, free of charge, any part which is defective due to workmanship or materials.
Second through Fifth Year
Amana will replace free of charge, any sealed system component (compressor, condenser, evaporator, drier and
interconnecting tubing) and repair any food compartment liner (exclusive of door liner) which is defective due to
workmanship or materials.
Warranty Limitations
Owner's Responsibility
•
•
•
•
•
•
Begins at date of original purchase.
Excludes original and replacement water or air filter
cartridges (if equipped with the filtration system).
Original and replacement cartridges are warranted
for 30 days, parts only, against defects of material
or workmanship.
Service must be performed by an authorized Amana
technician.
Damage due to shipping and handling is not covered
by this warranty.
•
•
•
Warranty Is Void If
Provide proof of purchase (sales receipt).
Provide normal care and maintenance. Replace
owner replaceable items where directions appear in
Owner's Manual.
Make product reasonably accessible for service.
Pay premium service costs for service outside
technician's normal business hours.
Pay for service calls related to product installation
and usage.
Amana Appliances Factory Service
1-800-628-5782 inside USA
For more information,
Amana Appliances Consumer Services
Amana Appliances
2800 220th Trail
Amana, Iowa 52204
1-800-843-0304 inside USA
Repairs resulting from the following:
• Serial plate is defaced.
• Product is used on a commercial, rental, or
leased basis.
• Product has defect or damage due to product
accident, alteration, connection to an improper
electrical supply, fire, flood, lightning, or other
conditions beyond the control of Amana.
• Product is improperly installed or used.
1-866-587-2002 au Canada
www.amana.com
IN NO EVENT SHALL AMANA BE LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have others which vary from state to state. For example, some states
do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you.
A - 20
Appendix B
B-1
Installation and
Operating
Instructions
IC 11
Bottom Freezer
Refrigerator
Ice Maker Kit
Keep instructions for future reference.
Keep this manual and your sales receipt together in a safe
place in case warranty service is required.
Contents
Important Safety Information ................................. 3
About Your Ice Maker ............................................. 4
How the Ice Maker Works .................................. 4
How to Use Your Ice Maker ................................ 4
Installing Your Ice Maker ....................................... 5
How to Prepare the Freezer Compartment ....... 6
How to Mount the Water Valve Assembly ........... 6
How to Mount the Ice Maker Kit .......................... 7
How to Connect the Water Supply ..................... 8
Trouble Shooting ................................................... 8
Warranty ............................................................... 10
Ordering parts and accessories?
Questions about your features?
Please contact us with your model and serial number:
Consumer Affairs Department
Amana Appliances
2800 - 220th Trail
Amana, Iowa 52204
Ph# 1(800)843-0304
1(319)622-5511 outside U.S.A.
Internet: http:// www.amana.com
B-2
Important Safety Information
What You Need to Know
about Safety Instructions
Warning and Important Safety Instructions
appearing in this manual are not meant to
cover all possible conditions and situations
that may occur. Common sense, caution, and
care must be exercised when installing,
maintaining, or operating refrigerator.
Read entire manual before installing kit. All
necessary tools and materials must be
available prior to installation. Verify all listed
parts are included in kit. If parts are missing,
contact source from whom kit was purchased.
• If unable to solve a problem during
installation, contact an authorized Amana
technician. Locate a factory Service Center
or independent authorized technician by
calling 1-800-628-5782 inside U.S.A. and
1-319-622-5511 outside U.S.A. Service is
at owner’s expense.
Recognize Safety Symbols, Words, Labels
! DANGER
DANGER—Immediate hazards which WILL result in severe personal injury or
death.
!
WARNING
WARNING—Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in severe
personal injury or death.
!
CAUTION
CAUTION—Hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in minor personal
injury or product or property damage.
Before Calling Service...
If something seems unusual, please check
“Trouble Shooting” section, which is
designed to help you solve problems before
calling service.
! WARNING
To avoid electrical shock which can cause severe personal injury or death,
follow basic precautions, including the following:
• Unplug power cord or open household circuit breaker to refrigerator before installing kit. After installing kit, reconnect power.
! CAUTION
To avoid risk of personal injury or property damage, follow basic precautions,
including the following:
• Do not place fingers or hands on or around the automatic icemaking mechanism while the refrigerator is plugged in.
• REPLACE ORIGINAL ICE STORAGE BUCKET WITH ONE FROM KIT to avoid spilling ice cubes.
• Confirm water pressure to water valve is between 20 and 100 pounds per square inch. If water filter
is installed, water pressure to water valve must be a minimum of 35 pounds per square inch.
• Start nuts by hand to avoid cross threading. Finish tightening nuts using a wrench. Do not overtighten.
• Check carefully for water leaks prior to returning refrigerator to normal location and 24 hours after
connection.
B-3
About Your Ice Maker
How the Ice Maker Works
1
Water fills the empty
cube mold when the
freezer has cooled
to freezing
temperature. Cold
air is forced directly
over the mold.
2
When frozen, the
cubes are moved up
A
and out of the mold.
The sweeper arm (A)
ejects them into the B
ice storage bin (B)
below.
How to Use Your Ice Maker
1
To start ice maker, lower feeler
arm to ‘on’ position.
• Make sure ice storage
bin is below ice maker
and pushed back as
far as possible.
NOTE: Feeler arm must be free to move upward and
outward over ice storage bin for ice production. Make
sure packages in freezer compartment do not block
its movement.
2
Allow approximately 24 hours after
installation to receive first harvest of ice.
• Discard ice created within first 12 hours of
operation to verify system is flushed of
impurities.
Is it possible for the ice maker to overfill
the storage bin ?
C
The feeler arm (C) senses when the
bin (B) is full and signals the icemaker
to stop ejecting cubes. The mold
refills and freezes a new supply.
Once the feeler arm senses that more
is needed, the ice maker resumes
B
operation by ejecting the frozen cubes.
When is it appropriate to shut off my ice
maker?
Raise the feeler arm to the STOP (up) position when:
• Ice storage bin is removed, or is being cleaned.
• Refrigerator is not to be used for an extended time, such as
vacations. Also, turn off the water supply to the ice maker in
this instance.
• Water supply is to be shut off for several hours.
My ice cubes have an odor. What can I
do to avoid this?
Ice is a porous material and is likely to absorb odors from
surrounding areas. Ice cubes that have been in the ice storage
bin for a considerable length of time may pick up off-flavor
tastes, stick together, and gradually become smaller. We
suggest that these cubes be thrown away.
Other ways to control ice cube odor are listed below.
• The ice storage bin should be cleaned occasionally in warm
water. Be sure to put the icemaker feeler arm in the STOP (up)
position when cleaning the bin. Rinse and wipe dry.
• Check for spoiled or expired items and discard. Wrap all
odor-causing foods, or store foods in tightly-sealed
containers to prevent odor reoccurance.
• Water filter (some models) may need to be replaced.
• In some cases, household water quality may need to be
checked. If a water filter is desired, a water filter may be
ordered for some models. Contact Amana Consumer Affairs
for more information on your particular model.
B-4
Installing Your Ice Maker
! WARNING
To reduce the risk of injury or death, follow basic precautions, including the following:
•
Read all instructions before installing device.
•
DO NOT attempt installation if instructions are not understood or if they are beyond personal skill level.
•
Observe all local codes and ordinances.
•
DO NOT service device unless specifically recommended in owner’s manual or published user-repair
instructions.
•
Disconnect power to unit prior to installing device.
! CAUTION
To avoid property damage or possible injury, follow basic precautions, including the
following:
•
Consult a plumber to connect copper tubing to household plumbing to assure compliance with local codes and
ordinances.
•
Confirm water pressure to water valve is between 20 and 100 pounds per square inch. If water filter is installed,
water pressure to water valve must be a minimum of 35 pounds per square inch.
•
DO NOT use a self-piercing, or 3/16" saddle valve! Both reduce water flow, become clogged with time, and
may cause leaks if repair is attempted.
•
Tighten nuts by hand to prevent cross threading. Finish tightening nuts with pliers and wrenches. Do not
overtighten.
•
Wait 24 hours before placing unit into final position to check and correct any water leaks.
Materials Needed
•
1
/4" outer diameter flexible copper tubing
NOTE: Add 8' to tubing length needed to reach water supply for creation of service loop.
• Shut-off valve (requires a 1/4" hole to be drilled into water supply before valve attachment)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Phillips screwdriver
Needle-nose pliers
Adjustable wrench
Flat-blade screwdriver
¼” hex nut driver
Water bucket
Masking tape or small
plastic bag
CONTENTS OF IC-11
Water tube
Ice maker wire harness
Flexible plastic
tubing
Plastic clip
5
/8” Ice maker
mountng
screws
Ice storage
bucket
Compression
nut
Water
valve
assembly
Sleeve
B-5
Installing Your Ice Maker
How to Prepare the Freezer Compartment
1
Remove freezer accessories, including all
baskets and shelves.
8
• See Owner’s Manual on instructions on removal
and replacement of freezer items.
2
Pry water connection cover
from top left corner of
freezer section with flat
blade screwdriver.
3
Locate water tube inlet cover
on back of unit, and pry off with flatblade screwdriver
blade covered with
masking tape.
• Pull on grommet E
to be sure that the
fit is tight. If tube comes
loose, repeat above
instructions.
How to Mount the Water Valve
Assembly
1
• Discard cover.
4
5
6
From back of refrigerator (A), use
screwdriver to pierce interior
sealing tape (B)
that covers the hole
B
for the water fill tube
inlet (C).
Locate water valve
cover plate on back of
unit in lower left hand
corner. Remove cover
plate with a ¼” hex
nut driver.
• Retain screw for later replacement.
• Cut wire tie holding harness to cover plate. Take
care not to cut wires.
C
A
Cover end of fill tube (D)
with masking tape or small plastic
bag to avoid insulation from
entering tube during
insertion.
2
Plug harness from
inside machine
compartment onto
water valve
electrical terminals.
3
Tuck bottom
portion of valve
inside machine
compartment and
fasten valve to
cabinet with ¼”
screw from step 1.
4
Position valve water
line as illustrated and
secure with small plastic
clip (A) located in ice
maker kit.
Insert fill tube (D) into
water fill tube inlet (C).
• If tube does not come
through the interior
freezer wall, use a pair
of needle-nose pliers to
pull tube through.
7
From back, push gently on the water fill
tube while twisting it slightly. Make sure
flange(E) is firmly seated in the hole
Remove tape or plastic bag from the end
of the fill tube.
B-6
A
Installing Your Ice Maker
How to Mount the Ice Maker Kit
1
How to Connect the Water Supply
5
Screw /8" ice maker mounting screws into
holes provided in left wall of freezer section.
• Leave head out approximately
3
/8" for the slot in the icemaker 3/ "
8
hanger to slip over the screws.
3
1
Create service loop with
tubing and attach to unit
with "P" clamp to avoid
kinks in tubing.
2
Remove plastic cap (A) from
water valve inlet port (B).
3
Locate water tubing clamp (C)
in kit and install with ¼" hex
head screw .
4
Place brass nut (D) and
sleeve (E) on copper
tube end as illustrated.
5
Place end of copper tubing into
water valve inlet port. Shape
tubing slightly–DO NOT
KINK–so that tubing
feeds straight into inlet port.
6
Slide brass nut over sleeve and
screw nut into inlet port.
Tighten nut with wrench.
/ 8"
B
A
2
3
Insert wire harness plug into
connector on back wall of freezer
by using a rocking motion until
locking fingers on plug snap
into place.
Slip fill tube into selfpositioning fill tube opening
in back of ice maker.
4
Slide ice maker
hangers (A) over screws.
5
Insert remaining mounting
screw into bottom of ice
maker, and tighten down all
mounting screws.
6
A
Raise feeler arm to the STOP
position until water
connection is complete.
D
E
IMPORTANT: DO NOT overtighten.
Cross threading may occur.
• Ice make should feel securely mounted.
7
C
7
Pull on tubing to confirm
connection is secure.
Connect tubing to frame with
water tubing clamp and turn
on water supply. Check for
leaks and correct, if present.
8
Monitor water connection for 24 hours.
Correct leaks, if necessary.
Replace baskets and shelves, and place ice
storage bin directly under ice maker.
NOTE: Check again to make sure the icemaker power
cord is fully inserted into its outlet.
B-7
Trouble Shooting
TOPIC
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
Ice maker arm is not in correct position
Confirm ice maker arm is down. See Automatic Ice
Maker section in your owner’s manual for details.
Electrical power cord may not be plugged into
icemaker, or harness is not plugged into water
valve.
Make sure plug from power cord fits tightly into
wall outlet, or check that connection
The icemaker is not getting the necessary
supply of water.
Make sure the water supply is connected and turned on.
Check for kinks in the ¼" copper tubing. Remove kinks or
replace tubing if there are kinks.
Verify that refrigerator harness is plugged into water
valve.
Freezer temperature is too low
See the controls section in your owner’s manual for
assistance on how to adjust your controls. Freezer
must be between 0 to 2°F (-18 to -17°C) to produce ice.
The cubes are too small.
The shutoff valve connecting the refrigerator to
the home water line may be clogged. Unclog it.
Small or hollow cubes
Water utilizing devices in use elsewhere in house
Avoid operating device such as dishwasher, washing m
machine or shower.
Ice cubes have odor/taste
Ice stored for an extended period may absorb
odors which affect their taste.
Discard old cubes. Use icemaker regularly.
Ice storage bin needs to be emptied and washed.
Empty and wash ice storage bin.
Unsealed packages in the refirgerator ad/or
freezer compartments may be transmitting
odor/taste to ice cubes.
Check seals on packages in freezer.
The interior of the refrigerator needs cleaning.
See Odor Removal instructions in Care and Cleaning
Section.
Ice maker arm is not in correct position
Confirm ice maker arm is down. See Automatic Ice
Maker section in your owner’s manual for details.
Household water supply is not reaching water
valve.
Check water connection procedure in your Installation
Instructions.
Copper or plastic tubing has kinks.
Turn off water supply and remove kinks. If kinks cannot
be removed, replace tubing. Amana recommends using
a saddle valve. Contact 1-800-843-0304 or an Amana
dealer for availability. Do not use self-piercing valve.
Amana is not responsible for property damage due to
improper installation or water connection.
Water pressure is too low.
Water pressure must be between 20 to 100 pounds
per square inch to function properly. A minimum pressure
of 35 pounds per square inch is recommended for units
with water filters.
Freezer temperature is too low.
See the controls section in your owner’s manual for
assistance on how to adjust your controls. Freezer
must be between 0 to 2°F (-18 to -17°C) to produce ice.
Improper water valve was
installed.
Check water connection procedure in your Installation
Instructions. Self-piercing and 3/16” saddle valves cause
low water pressure and may clog the line over time.
Amana is not responsible for property damage
due to improper installation or water connection.
Electrical connection to water valve
coil and connector block may be loose.
Check electrical connections to water valve coil and
connector block on refrigerator cabinet.
Ice maker appears to have
stopped operating
Icemaker is not producing
ice
B-8
Trouble Shooting
TOPIC
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
Icemaker is not producing
ice (some models)
(continued from previous
page)
Freezer section not operating at proper
temperature.
Confirm that freezer section is operating at proper
temperature. Adjust accordingly.
Ice maker is not producing
enough ice or ice is
malformed.
Ice maker has just recently been installed or
a large amount of ice has just been used.
Wait 24 hours for ice production to begin and for ice
to restock after emptied.
Water pressure is too low.
Low water pressure can cause valve to leak. Water
pressure must be between 20 to 100 pounds per square
inch to function properly. A minimum pressure of 35
pounds per square inch is recommended for units with
water filters.
Freezer temperature is too low.
See the controls section in your owner’s manual
for assistance on how to adjust your controls. Freezer
must be between 0 to 2°F (-18 to -17°C) to produce ice.
Ice cubes stick together or
“shrink”.
Ice cubes have not been emptied.
Empty ice cube bucket or trays more frequently. If used
infrequently, ice cubes may stick together or shrink.
Ice forms in inlet tube to ice
maker (some models).
Water pressure is too low.
Check water pressure. Low water pressure will cause
valve to leak. Self-piercing valves cause low water
pressure. Amana recommends using a saddle valve.
Contact 1-800-843-0304 or an Amana dealer for
availability. Do not use self-piercing valve. Amana
is not responsible for property damage due to
improper installation or water connection.
Freezer temperature is too high
See the controls section in your owner’s manual for
assistance on how to adjust your controls. Freezer is
recommended to be between 0 and 2°F (-18 to -17°C).
Plastic tubing was used to complete
water connection.
Amana recommends using copper tubing for installation.
Plastic is less durable and can cause leakage. Amana is
not responsible for property damage due to imporper
installation or water connection.
Water pressure is too low.
Low water pressure can cause valve to leak. Water
pressure must be between 20 to 100 pounds per square
inch to function properly. A minimum pressure of 35
pounds per square inch is recommended for units with
water filters.
Improper water valve was installed
Check water connection procedure in your Installation
instructions. Self-piercing and 3/16” saddle valves cause
low water pressure and may clog the line over time.
Amana is not responsible for property damage due to
improper installation or water connection.
Unit is leaking water
For more information on this and other Amana
products, visit our Web site
www.amana.com
or
call Consumer Affairs Department at
1-800-843-0304
B-9
Warranty
Ice Maker
Full One Year Warranty
First Year
Amana Appliances will repair or replace, free of charge, any part which is defective due to workmanship
or materials.
Owner’s Responsibilities
Warranty Limitations
• Provide proof of purchase (sales receipt).
• Begins at date of original purchase.
• Provide normal care and maintenance.
• Applies to product used within the United
Replace owner replaceable items where
States or in Canada if product has Canadian
directions appear in Owner’s Manual and
Standards Association listing when shipped
Installation Instruction.
from the factory.
• Make product reasonably accessible for
• Service must be performed by an authorized
service.
Amana® technician.
• Pay for premium service costs for service
outside technician’s normal business hours.
Warranty Is Void If
• Pay for service calls related to product
• Product is used on a commercial, rental or
installation or customer education.
leased basis.
• Product has defect or damage due to an
In no event shall Amana Appliances be liable
accident, fire, flood, connection to an improper
for incidental or consequential damages.*
electrical or water supply, lightning, product
alteration, shipping and handling, or other
*This warranty gives you specific legal rights
conditions beyond the control of Amana.
and you may have others which vary from state
• Product is improperly installed or used.
to state. For example, some states do not allow
the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages so this exclusion may
not apply to you.
B - 10