Epson LQ-2170 - Impact Printer User`s guide

EPSON
®
24-Pin Dot Matrix Printer
LQ-2170
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Seiko Epson Corporation.
No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein.
Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information
contained herein.
Neither Seiko Epson Corporation nor its affiliates shall be liable to the purchaser of this
product or third parties for damages, losses, costs, or expenses incurred by purchaser or
third parties as a result of: accident, misuse, or abuse of this product or unauthorized
modifications, repairs, or alterations to this product.
Seiko Epson Corporation and its affiliates shall not be liable against any damages or
problems arising from the use of any options or any consumable products other than those
designated as Original EPSON Products or EPSON Approved Products by Seiko Epson
Corporation.
EPSON and EPSON ESC/P are registered trademarks and EPSON ESC /P2 is a trademark
of Seiko Epson Corporation.
General Notice: Other product names used herein are for identification purposes only and may be
trademarks of their respective companies.
Copyright © 1995 by Seiko Epson Corporation, Nagano, Japan.
User’s Guide
Printer Update
Please update the information in your User’s Guide with the
information given below.
On page 1-15, replace the original text with the new
information below.
Setting Up Your Software
Refer to the following sections for printer driver installation
instructions.
for Microsoft windows use/s
If Microsoft Windows is installed on your computer, follow
the steps below to install the correct driver for your printer.
If you are using Windows 3.1, follow these steps:
1.
Make sure Windows is running and the Program Manager
window is open.
2.
Insert the floppy disk containing the driver into your floppy
disk drive.
3.
Click File; then click Run.
4.
Type A: SETUP (or B: SETUP); then click OK.
5.
Select your printer’s name in the Printer Model window and
click Continue. The printer driver installs automatically.
6.
Click OK.
Copyright © 1996 by Seiko Epson Corporation,
Nogano, Japan
4005786
M01-00
On page 1-15, add the information below.
Installing the driver for Windows 95 users
Follow these steps to install the printer driver using the
Windows 95 plug-and play capabilities:
Note:
To install the driver using the Windows 95 plug-and play
capabilities, your computer’s parallel port must be an IEEE-2284
(ECP or EPP compatible) bidirectional parallel port. See your
computer documentation for more information.
1.
Make sure plain paper is loaded in the printer and the
printer is connected to the computer’s parallel port. (The
paper is used to perform a test print in step 11.)
2.
Turn off your printer and computer, if necessary.
3.
Turn on the printer first; then turn on the computer. Your
computer begins loading Windows 95.
4.
If you defined a password, enter it at the prompt. You see
the New Hardware Found screen.
Note:
If you do not see the New Hardware Found screen, please follow
the procedure under “Installing the driver while running
Windows 95,” the next section.
5.
Make sure your printer model name is displayed on the
screen. Then click the Driver from disk provided by
hardware manufacturer button. Do not select any of the
other buttons.
Note:
The next time you turn on your computer after installing the
driver, Windows 95 may display the New Hardware Found
screen again. In this case, click the Do not install a driver
radio button; then click OK. This screen does not appear again.
2
6.
Click OK. You see the Install From Disk screen.
7.
Insert the Windows printer driver disk in a disk drive.
8.
If you inserted the disk in drive A, click OK. Otherwise,
change the drive letter in the Copy manufacturer’s files
from box and click OK.
9.
At the next screen you can type a unique name for the
printer in the Printer name box. We recommend that you
keep the model name as shown. The program will copy
the files to your hard disk and add an icon to the Printers
folder using the printer name you assign.
To use the printer as the default printer for Windows 95
applications, select Yes. (No is the default setting.)
10. Click the Next button.
11. In the next screen, select YES to print a test page.
12. Click the Finish button.
13. Choose Yes in the test page confirmation dialog if the page
printed correctly. If it did not print correctly, choose NO
and follow the directions on the screen.
To access the driver, see “Checking the printer driver
settings,” page 5 of this supplement.
3
Installing the driver while running Windows 95
If you are using Windows 95, follow the steps below.
1.
In the Desktop window, double-click the My Computer
icon.
2.
Double-click the Printers folder.
3.
Double-click the Add Printer icon.
4.
Click the Next button.
5.
Select the Local printer or Network printer radio button.
Then click the Next button.
6.
Click the Have Disk button.
7.
Insert the floppy disk containing the driver into your
computer’s floppy disk drive.
8.
Type A: WIN 95 (or B: WIN 95); then click OK.
9.
Select your printer’s name in the dialog box, then click the
Next button.
10. Select the port you want to use with this printer.
11. Click the Next button.
12. Select the Yes radio button if you want to make your
printer the default printer. Otherwise, select the NO radio
button.
13. Click the Next button.
14. Click the Yes radio button to print a test page.
15. Click Finish.
16. In the dialog box that appears, choose Yes if the test page
printed satisfactorily. If it didn’t print satisfactorily,
choose NO and follow the directions that appear on your
screen.
4
On page 1-16, add the information below. If you are using
Windows 3.1, refer to the information in your User’s Guide.
Checking the printer driver settings
If you are using Windows 95, follow these steps to select the
appropriate settings.
1.
In the Desktop window, click the Start button.
2.
Select Settings; then click Printers.
3.
Right-click on your printer icon.
4. Choose Properties.
5.
Select the paper size you have loaded in the printer from the
Paper size list on the Paper menu. If you don’t see your
paper size, scroll through the list, and select the correct
size. The diagram on the screen changes according to the
paper size you select.
6.
Select Portrait or Landscape orientation. The diagram on the
screen changes according to the orientation you select.
7.
Select the paper source.
8.
Select the resolution on the Graphics menu.
9.
Make any other settings you wish, and click OK when you
are finished.
5
On pages 1-18 through 1-20, replace the original information
with the new information below.
DOS printer utilities
Your printer driver disk includes the EPSON Remote! and
EPSON Calibration utilities. You can use EPSON Remote! to
change the printer’s default settings from your computer
instead of the control panel. EPSON Calibration is used to
properly align your printout.
Installing EPSON printer utilities
To install the utilities, follow these steps:
1.
Insert the floppy disk containing the printer utilities into
your computer’s disk drive.
2.
From the DOS prompt, type A: SETUP (or B: SETUP); then
press Enter.
3.
In the screen that appears, select your printer’s name in the
Printer Model window and press Enter. C: EPUTIL appears
as the default directory.
4.
Press Enter. All the necessary files are copied to the EPUTIL
directory on drive C.
Using EPSON printer utilities
To use your EPSON utilities, follow these steps:
6
1.
From the DOS prompt, change the current directory to the C
drive.
2.
To use the EPSON Remote! utility, type PRNSET, and press
Enter, or to use the EPSON Calibration utility, type
CALIBRAT, and press Enter.
3.
Follow the instructions on the screen to use either utility.
On pages 2-11, and 2-12, replace the original illustrations as
follows:
1.
Please replace the illustration on page 2-11 of your User’s
Guide with the illustration below.
2.
Please replace the illustration on the upper portion of page
2-12 of your User’s Guide with the illustration below.
7
On page 5-3, add the information below.
When replacing the ribbon cartridge or ribbon pack, you can
use the cartridge and pack listed below, in addition to the
products listed in your User's Guide.
Ribbon cartridge
S015086
Ribbon pack
S010033
Printed in Japan 96.02-16
Printer Parts
FCC Compliance Statement
For United States Users
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures.
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels which
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment. It is the responsibility of the
user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable with this device. If this
equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave cables connected to
unused interfaces.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
For Canadian Users
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le present appareil numerique n’emet pas de bruits radioelectriques depassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numeriques de Classe B prescrites dans le reglement sur le
brouillage radioelectrique edicte par le Ministere des Communications du Canada.
ii
Declaration of Conformity
According to ISO/IEC Guide 22 and EN 45014
Manufacturer:
Address:
SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION
3-5, Owa 3-chome, Suwa-shi,
Nagano-ken 392 Japan
Representative:
Address:
EPSON EUROPE B.V.
Prof. J. H. Bavincklaan 5 1183 AT Amstelveen
The Netherlands
Declares that the Product:
Product Name:
Type Name:
Model:
Dot Matrix Printer
LQ-2170
P910A
Conforms to the following Directive(s) and Norm(s):
Directive 89/336/EEC:
EN 55022 Class B
EN 50082-1
IEC 801-2
IEC 801-3
IEC 801-4
Directive 73/23/EEC:
EN 60950
Directive 90/384/EEC:
EN 45501
August 1995
M. Hamamoto
President of EPSON EUROPE B.V.
iii
Where to Get Help for
United States Users
EPSON provides customer support and service through a nationwide
network of Authorized EPSON Customer Care Centers.
EPSON also provides the following support services in the U.S. and
Canada through the EPSON ConnectionSM at (800) 922-8911:
Technical assistance with the installation, configuration, and
operation of EPSON products
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized EPSON Reseller or
Customer Care Center
Customer Relations
EPSON technical information library fax service
Product literature on current and new products
You can purchase ribbons, supplies, parts, documentation, and
accessories for your EPSON products from EPSON Accessories at
(800) 873-7766 (U.S. sales only). In Canada, call (800) BUY-EPSON for
sales locations.
iv
CompuServe ® online support
If you have a modem, the fastest way to access helpful tips, specifications,
drivers, application notes, and bulletins is through the Epson America
Forum on CompuServe.
If you are not currently a member of CompuServe, you are eligible for a
free introductory membership as an owner of an EPSON product. This
membership entitles you to:
An introductory $15 credit on CompuServe
Your own user ID and password
A complimentary subscription to CompuServe Magazine,
CompuServe’s monthly publication.
To take advantage of this offer, call (800) 848-8199 in the United States
and Canada and ask for representative #529. In other countries, call
(614) 529-1611 or your local CompuServe access number.
If you are already a CompuServe member, simply type GO EPSON at the
menu prompt to reach the Epson America Forum.
For United Kingdom Users
Use of options
Epson (UK) Limited shall not be liable against any damages or problems
arising from the use of any options or consumable products other than
those designated as Original Epson Products or Epson Approved
Products by Epson (UK) Limited.
v
Safety information
Warning:
This appliance must be earthed. Refer to rating plate for voltage and check that
the appliance voltage corresponds to the supply voltage.
Important:
The wires in the mains lead fitted to this appliance are coloured in accordance
with the following code:
Green and yellow - Earth
Blue - Neutral
Brown - Live
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this appliance may not
correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your
plug, proceed as follows:
The green and yellow wire must be connected to the terminal in the
plug which is marked with the letter E or with the earth symbol (G)
or coloured green or green and yellow.
The blue wire must be connected to the terminal in the plug marked
with the letter N or coloured black.
The brown wire must be connected to the terminal in the plug
marked with the letter L or coloured red.
If damage occurs to the plug, replace the cord set or consult a qualified
electrician.
Replace fuses only with a fuse of the correct size and rating.
vi
Important Safety Instructions
Before using your printer, read the following safety instructions to make
sure you use the printer safely and effectively.
Turn off and unplug the printer before cleaning. Clean with a damp
cloth only. Do not spill liquid on the printer.
Do not place the printer on an unstable surface or near a radiator or
heat register.
Do not block or cover the openings in the printer’s cabinet. Do not
insert objects through the slots.
Use only the type of power source indicated on the printer’s label.
Connect all equipment to properly grounded power outlets. Avoid
using outlets on the same circuit as photocopiers or air control
systems that regularly switch on and off.
Do not let the power cord become damaged or frayed.
If you use an extension cord with the printer, make sure the total
ampere rating of the devices plugged into the extension cord does
not exceed the cords ampere rating. Also, make sure the total of all
devices plugged into the wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
Except as specifically explained in this guide, do not attempt to
service the printer yourself.
Unplug the printer and refer servicing to qualified service personnel
under the following conditions:
If the power cord or plug is damaged; if liquid has entered the printer; if
the printer has been dropped or the cabinet damaged; if the printer
does not operate normally or exhibits a distinct change in
performance. Adjust only those controls that are covered by the
operating instructions.
vii
Contents
Introduction
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
How to Use This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Chapter 1 Setting Up the Printer
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unpacking the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plugging in the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running the Self Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Your Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Windows and all Windows programs . . . . . . .
Checking the printer driver settings . . . . . . . . . . .
Using non-Windows software . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-4
1-5
1-10
1-10
1-14
1-15
1-15
1-16
1-17
1-18
ix
Chapter 2
Paper Handling
Selecting the Paper Feeding Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the paper release lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Single Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading single sheets from the top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading single sheets from the front . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Continuous Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting the tractor position and paper path . . . . . . . . .
Changing tractor positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading the front push tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading the rear push tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading the pull tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading the push/pull tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing paper from the tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single Sheets . . . . .
Switching to single sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching to continuous paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing on Special Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the paper thickness lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multipart forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Envelopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Postcards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roll paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
x
2-2
2-2
2-3
2-3
2-6
2-8
2-8
2-9
2-12
2-15
2-19
2-22
2-23
2-24
2-24
2-25
2-25
2-26
2-27
2-28
2-29
2-29
2-29
Chapter 3
Using the Printer
Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other control panel features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting an instruction sheet language . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting items and changing settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default setting item functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Micro Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tear-Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using auto tear-off mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Tear Off/Bin button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bi-d Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Barcode Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 4
3-2
3-2
3-4
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-7
3-9
3-13
3-15
3-16
3-17
3-17
3-18
Using Printer Options
Cut-Sheet Feeders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the high capacity cut-sheet feeder . . . . . . . . . .
Loading paper with the high capacity cut-sheet feeder . . . .
Assembling the double bin cut-sheet feeder . . . . . . . . . .
Switching between continuous paper and the cut-sheet
feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting single-sheets, postcards, or envelopes . . . . . . . .
Pull Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading paper with the push tractor and the optional pull
tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roll Paper Holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interface Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an interface card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The C82305] or C82306] serial interfacecard . . . . . . . .
4-2
4-2
4-4
4-6
4-6
4-7
4-8
4-8
4-9
4-12
4-12
4-14
xi
Chapter 5
Maintenance and Transportation
Cleaning the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transporting the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
5-3
5-4
Chapter 6 Troubleshooting
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power is not being supplied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The printer does not print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The print is faint or uneven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dots are missing in printed characters or graphics . . . . . .
Printed characters are not what you expect . . . . . . . . . .
The print position is not what you expect . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single sheets do not feed properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Continuous paper does not feed properly . . . . . . . . . . .
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The paper does not feed properly with the cut-sheet
feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Continuous paper does not feed properly when
using the pull tractor with the push tractor . . . . . . . . .
xii
6-2
6-2
6-3
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-5
6-6
6-7
6-7
6-8
6-10
6-10
6-12
Appendix Specifications, Command Summary, and
Character Tables
Printer Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printable area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CE marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending printer commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the command summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commands Arranged by Topic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper feeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print position motion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Font selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Font enhancement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Character handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bit image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Barcode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
International Character Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graphics Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
A-2
A-4
A-7
A-8
A-9
A-10
A-11
A-11
A-12
A-12
A-17
A-17
A-17
A-18
A-18
A-18
A-19
A-20
A-21
A-23
A-24
A-27
A-27
A-28
A-29
A-32
A-32
A-32
Index
xiii
Introduction
Your new EPSON® 24-pin dot matrix printer combines a compact
design and high performance with a wide range of features
offering the high-quality printing and ease of operation you have
come to expect from EPSON printers. Your printer provides the
following:
High speed draft mode printing of up to 440 characters at
10 cpi
Easy paper handling, featuring automatic single sheet and
continuous paper loading from the front paper slot
Eight barcode fonts and four scalable fonts are available, as
well as one draft and nine letter quality bit-map fonts
Multipart forms printing of one original plus up to four copies
A convenient control panel that allows direct selection of fonts
Support of advanced EPSON ESC/P 2TM commands and IBM®
2390/2391 plus emulation
Large printable area; 68 lines with A4 size paper
Software utilities, including a printer driver and a remote
control panel utility, that let you make printer settings quickly
and easily
Introduction 1
Options
The following options are available for your printer:
Cut-sheet feeder (High capacity, C80673] ; Second bin,
C80674]) automatically feeds up to 150 sheets of paper or 25
envelopes without reloading. You can create a double bin
cut-sheet feeder by combining the high capacity and second
bin feeders.
Pull tractor unit (C80032]), when combined with the standard
tractor, improves printing accuracy, which is especially useful
for printing on multipart forms.
Roll paper holder (#8310) allows you to use your printer with
8.5-inch roll paper like that used with telex machines.
Interface cards are available to supplement the printer’s
built-in parallel interface.
2 Introduction
How to Use This Manual
This manual provides fully illustrated, step-by-step instructions
for setting up and operating your printer.
Chapter 1 contains information on unpacking, setting up, testing,
and connecting the printer. Be sure to read this chapter first.
Chapters 2 and 3 include important information on paper
handling and day-today operation of your printer.
Chapter 4 explains how to use optional accessories with your
printer.
Chapter 5 provides maintenance information, including
transportation guidelines.
Chapter 6 contains troubleshooting tips. If the printer does not
operate properly or the printed results are not what you expect,
see this chapter for a list of problems and solutions.
The appendix lists the printer’s specifications, commands, and
character tables.
At the end of the manual you’ll find an index.
introduction 3
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
This guide uses the following conventions:
Warnings must befollowed to avoid bodily injury.
Cautions must be observed to avoid damage to your equipment.
Notes contain important information and useful tips on the operation of
your printer.
4 Introduction
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Printer
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Unpacking the Printer
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10
Running the Self Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-14
Setting Up Your Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Windows and all Windows programs . . . . . . . . .
Checking the printer driver settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using non-Windows software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-15
1-15
1-16
1-17
1-18
Plugging in the Printer
Setting Up the Printer
1-1
Choosing a Place for the Printer
When selecting a place to set up your printer, be sure to follow
these guidelines:
Place the printer on a flat, stable surface, close enough to
the computer for the interface cable to reach it.
Leave adequate room around the printer for easy operation
and maintenance.
Avoid locations that are subject to direct sunlight, excessive
heat, moisture, or dust.
Use a properly grounded electrical outlet; do not use an
adapter plug.
Place the printer where you can easily unplug the power
cord.
Avoid electrical outlets controlled by wall switches or
automatic timers. Accidental disruption of power can erase
information in the memory of your printer or computer.
Avoid outlets on the same circuit as large motors or other
appliances that can cause voltage fluctuations.
Keep the entire computer system away from potential
sources of electromagnetic interference, such as
loudspeakers or the base units of cordless telephones.
1-2
Setting Up the Printer
If you plan to use a printer stand, follow these guidelines:
Use a stand that supports at least 26 kg (57.8 lbs).
Never use a stand that tilts the printer at an angle of more
than 15 degrees from horizontal. If you install a cut-sheet
feeder, the stand must keep your printer level.
If you plan to load continuous paper through the bottom of
the printer, choose a stand that provides an unobstructed
paper path.
Position your printer’s power cord and interface cable so
they do not interfere with paper feeding. If possible, secure
the cables to a leg of the printer stand.
Align the paper stack so that the paper feeds straight into
the tractor’s sprocket units.
Setting Up the Printer
1-3
Unpacking the Printer
Your printer box should include an EPSON printer driver disk
and the following items:
Note:
In some locations the power cord may be permanently attached to the
printer.
Keep the packing materials in case you need to transport your
printer.
Caution:
There are several versions of the printer designed for different
voltages, and it is not possible to adjust the printer for use at
another voltage. If the label on the back of the printer does not
show the correct voltagefor your country, contact your dealer.
1-4
Setting Up the Printer
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge
Before installing the ribbon cartridge, make sure that the power
cord is not plugged into an electrical outlet.
1.
Lift the printer cover up and off.
2.
Slide the print head to the ribbon installation position (the
indented portion of the paper tension unit.)
Setting Up the Printer
1-5
3.
Remove the plastic separator from the middle of the ribbon
cartridge and discard the separator.
4.
Hold the cartridge with the ribbon-tightening knob facing you.
Place the bottom edge of the cartridge into the printer so that
the notch on each end of the cartridge fits over the small peg
on each side of the printer.
5.
1-6
Lay the cartridge flat and press gently until it clicks into place on
both ends.
Setting Up the Printer
6.
Lift the ribbon guide and insert it firmly over the metal pins
behind the print head. Press down on the guide until it clicks
into place. Make sure the ribbon is not twisted or creased and
that it is in place behind the print head. Turn the
ribbon-tightening knob to remove any slack in the ribbon.
7.
Slide the print head from side to side to make sure it moves
smoothly.
Setting Up the Printer
1-7
1-8
8.
Replace the printer cover by first inserting the front tabs into the
slots near the front of the printer; then lower it into place.
9.
Attach the paper guide by sliding the slots on the bottom of the
paper guide over the pegs behind the paper tension unit.
Setting Up the Printer
10. Insert the paper separator into the paper guide.
11. Lift the paper path guide and rest it against the paper guide.
Note:
Always close the printer cover before printing. The printer stops printing
when the cover is open.
Setting Up the Printer
1-9
Plugging in the Printer
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Check the label on the back of the printer to make sure the
voltage matches that of your electrical outlet.
Caution:
If the rated voltage and your outlet voltage do not match,
contact your dealer for assistance. Do not plug in the power
cord.
3.
If the power cord is not attached to the printer, connect the
appropriate end to the AC inlet on the printer’s rear panel.
4.
Plug the power cord into a properly grounded electrical outlet.
Running the Self Test
You can run a self test on the printer in letter quality or draft
mode, with either continuous paper or single sheets. You can load
the paper from the rear, front, top, or bottom. The following steps
describe how to run the test on single-sheet paper, loaded from
the top. See Chapter 2 for more information on paper handling.
1-10
Setting Up the Printer
The printer prints the self test in the currently selected font.
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off and the paper path guide is
open.
2.
Move the paper release lever to the single-sheet position.
3.
For the letter quality test, hold down the Load/Eject button
while you turn on the printer. For draft printing, hold down
the LF/FF button while you turn on the printer.
Setting Up the Printer
1-11
4.
Move the left edge guide until it locks in place next to the arrow
guide mark. Then adjust the right edge guide to match the
width of your paper.
Caution:
Run the self test using paper at least 360 mm (14 inches) wide;
otherwise, the print head prints directly on the platen.
5.
1-12
Lift the paper path guide and rest it against the paper guide.
Setting Up the Printer
6.
Insert a sheet of paper between the edge guides until it meets
resistance. Make sure you adjust the edge guides to match the
width of your paper. After a few seconds, the printer feeds the
paper to the loading position and begins printing the self test.
Note:
Always close the printer cover before printing. The printer stops printing
when the cover is open.
7.
To stop the self test temporarily, press the Pause button.
8.
To end the self test, press the Pause button, then turn off the
printer. Here is part of a typical self test:
Setting Up the Printer
1-13
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer
If the self test printed correctly, you are ready to connect your
printer to the computer. Use a 36-pin cable to connect your
computer to your printer’s built-in parallel interface. Follow these
steps:
1.
Make sure both the printer and computer are turned off; then
plug the cable connector securely into the printer’s parallel
interface connector. Squeeze the wire clips together until they
lock in place on either side of the connector.
Note:
If your cable has a ground wire, connect it to the ground connector
beneath the interface connector.
2.
1-14
Plug the other end of the cable into the computer. (If there is a
ground wire at the computer end of the cable, attach it to the
ground connector at the back of the computer.)
Setting Up the Printer
Setting Up Your Software
Most software lets you specify the type of printer you use so that
you can take full advantage of the printer’s features. Your
software probably provides an installation or setup section that
presents a list of printers.
Microsoft Windows and all Windows programs
If Microsoft® WindowsTM is installed on your computer system,
follow the steps below to install the correct driver for your printer.
Your printer will work correctly for all your Windows programs,
such as Word for Windows, Lotus® 1-2-3” for Windows, and
CorelDRAW!®
If Windows is not already installed on your system, run the
Windows setup program as described in the documentation that
comes with the program. Then follow the steps below to install the
correct printer driver.
1.
Make sure Windows is running and that the Main window is
open.
2.
Insert the EPSON driver disk into your computer’s diskette drive
slot.
3.
From the File menu choose Run.
4.
Type A:\ DRIVER\SETUP, and choose OK. (This assumes that
drive A is the diskette drive.)
5.
Select LQ-2170 as the Printer Model and click Continue. The
printer driver installs automatically.
6.
Click OK.
Setting Up the Printer
1-15
Checking the printer driver settings
Before you start printing, you should make sure that the driver
settings match your document requirements. While many
Windows applications override the printer settings made with the
driver, some do not. Because of this, you must choose the correct
settings to get the results you expect.
Be sure to check the following:
Resolution
The printing resolution in dots per
inch (dpi).
Paper size
The size of the paper loaded in the
printer.
Orientation
Paper source
The direction of printing on the page
(portrait or landscape).
Tractor, manual feed, or sheet feeder.
Follow these steps to select the appropriate settings:
1-16
1.
In the Main window, double-click the Control Panel icon.
2.
Double-click the Printers icon. Make sure your printer is
highlighted.
3.
Click the Setup button in the Print Setup menu.
4.
Select the paper size you have loaded in the printer from the
Paper Size list. If you don’t see your paper size in the list, use
the arrows on the right to scroll through the list. The diagram
on the screen changes according to the paper size you select.
5.
Select Portrait or Landscape orientation. The diagram on the
screen changes according to the orientation you select.
6.
Select the resolution you desire.
7.
Select the paper source.
Setting Up the Printer
8.
Click Options to open the option menu.
You can control intensity by clicking the arrow to darker or
lighter; you can control dithering by choosing None, Coarse,
or Fine.
Using non- Windows software
Most DOS software programs include drivers for EPSON ESC/P 2
printers. Also, DOS programs require you to select from a list of
printers to install the printer driver. If your printer is not included
in the list, contact your software manufacturer to see if there is an
update.
If your printer driver is not available, select the first printer driver
available in the list below.
LQ-870/1170
LQ-850+/ 1050+
LQ-85011050
LQ-510/550/1010
LQ-200
LQ-500
LQ-860+ / 1060+
LQ-2550
LQ-2500
LQ-800/1000
LQ-1500
See the program’s documentation for instructions on selecting the
driver.
Setting Up the Printer
1-17
Printer utilities
The following DOS utilities are included with the printer:
Epson Remote! utility allows you to change the printer’s
default settings from your computer.
Epson Calibration utility lets you adjust the printing
alignment from your computer. Use this utility when the
lines in your printout do not appear to be aligned properly.
Installing Epson Remote!
Follow these steps to install Epson Remote! on your hard disk
drive:
1.
Insert the diskette containing the EPSON Remote! utility into
your computer’s diskette drive.
2.
In DOS, access the drive where you have loaded the diskette.
3.
Change the directory to UTILITY (that is, type A: \ UTILITY if the
diskette is in drive A).
4.
Type INSTALL (space) [drive name] (space) [directory name]
For example, type INSTALL C: EPREMOTE, and press Enter.
Note:
Do not type a backslash (\) between the parameters. Use the space bar.
The installation is completed automatically.
1-18
Setting Up the Printer
Using Epson Remote!
To make changes to the default settings with Epson Remote!,
follow these steps:
1.
Change to the directory you specified, for example:
C:\EPREMOTE\.
2. Type PANEL (C:\EPREMOTE\PANEL), and press Enter.
You’ll see the printer settings that can be changed while the
printer is on, for example, the bin selection and print direction.
3.
Change the desired settings.
4. Press F1 to save the settings. (The settings are then sent to the
printer.)
5. Press F2 to leave the menu.
6. Type PRNSET (C:\EPREMOTE\PRNSET), and press Enter.
You’ll see the printer’s default settings, which are described in
“Changing the Default Settings” in Chapter 3.
7. Change the desired settings.
8. Press F1 to save your settings and F2 to leave the menu.
Setting Up the Printer
1-19
Using Epson Calibration
To run the CALIBRAT.EXE utility program, follow these steps:
1.
Insert the diskette containing the calibration utility into your
computer’s diskette drive.
2.
In DOS, access the drive where you have loaded the diskette.
3.
Change the current directory to UTILITY (that is, type
A:\UTILITY if the diskette is in drive A).
4.
Type CALIBRAT, and press Enter.
5.
Follow the instructions on the screen to calibrate your printer.
Note:
You can also copy the program from the diskette to your hard disk. Then
change the current directory (or set the path to the directory), type
CALIBRAT, and press Enter.
1-20
Setting Up the Printer
Chapter 2
Paper Handling
Selecting the Paper Feeding Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the paper release lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-2
Using Single Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Loading single sheets from the top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Loading single sheets from the front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Using Continuous Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting the tractor position and paper path .
Changing tractor positions . . . . . . . . . .
Loading the front push tractor . . . . . . . .
Loading the rear push tractor . . . . . . . . .
Loading the pull tractor . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading the push/pull tractor . . . . . . . .
Removing paper from the tractor . . . . . . .
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2-8
2-8
2-9
2-12
2-15
2-19
2-22
2-23
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single Sheets . . . . . . 2-24
Switching to single sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Switching to continuous paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Printing on Special Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the paper thickness lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multipart forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Envelopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Postcards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roll paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-25
2-26
2-27
2-28
2-29
2-29
2-29
Paper Handling 2-1
Selecting the Paper Feeding Method
The printer can accommodate almost any type of paper with front,
rear, and bottom paper slots plus a tractor that can be mounted in
two different positions-front and top.
This chapter explains the various methods of paper handling and
includes recommendations on the feeding methods best suited to
your specific needs.
Setting the paper release lever
First you need to set the paper release lever for the type of paper
and feeding method you want to use. The paper release lever has
four positions, with icons indicating the type of paper and paper
path for each position.
2-2
Paper Handling
Single-sheet position-for all single sheets (including
envelopes and postcards). whether loaded from
front, top, the optional cut-sheet feeders, or the roll
paper holder.
Front push and front push/pull tractor position-for
continuous paper when the tractor unit is installed
in the front.
Rear push and rear push/pull tractor position-for
continuous paper when the tractor unit is installed
in the rear.
Pull tractor position-for continuous paper when
the tractor unit is installed on the top. In this case,
you can load paper from the front, rear, or bottom.
Using Single Sheets
You can print on single sheets of paper from 101 to 420 mm (4.0 to
16.5 inches) wide. You can load single sheets from either the top or
front of the printer.
Loading sing/e sheets from the top
1.
Move the paper release lever to the single-sheet position. Make sure
the paper guide is installed and the paper path guide is open.
Paper Handling 2-3
2.
Turn on the printer. Slide the left edge guide until it stops next to
the arrow on the paper guide. Then adjust the right edge
guide to match the width of your paper.
3.
Lift the paper path guide and rest it against the paper guide.
2-4 Paper Handling
4.
Insert the paper firmly between the edge guides until it meets
resistance. After a few seconds, the printer advances the paper
to the loading position. You are now ready to print.
Note:
Always close the printer cover before printing. The printer stops printing
when the cover is open.
Caution:
Do not use the knob on the right side of the printer except to clear
paper jams when the printer is off. Otherwise, you may damage
the printer or cause it to lose the top-of-firm position.
If the platen turns but the printer doesn’t load the paper,
completely remove the paper and re-insert it more firmly.
To eject the paper, press the Load/Eject button.
Paper Handling 2-5
Loading single sheets from the front
Move the paper release lever to the single-sheet position and
open the front cover. Make sure the paper path guide rests
against the paper guide.
1.
2.
Turn on the printer.
3.
Position the left edge guide as shown below. (Printing starts at
the arrow mark.) See the Appendix for more information on
the left margin position.
2-6 Paper Handling
4.
While aligning the paper’s left and right edges with the edge
guides, insert the paper firmly until it meets resistance. After a
few seconds, the printer loads the paper to the loading
position. You are now ready to print.
Note:
Always close the printer cover before printing. The printer stops printing
when the cover is open.
Caution:
Do not use the knob on the right side of the printer except to clear
paper jams when the printer is off. Otherwise, you may damage
the printer or cause it to lose the top-of-form position.
If the platen turns but the printer doesn’t load the paper,
completely remove the paper and re-insert it more firmly.
To eject the paper, press the Load/Eject button.
Paper Handling
2-7
Using Continuous Paper
The printer’s paper-handling system allows you to load
continuous paper through the front, rear, or bottom.
You can print on continuous paper from 101 to 406 mm (4 to 16
inches) wide.
To print on continuous paper, you need to install the tractor unit
in the front or pull position. Be sure you set the paper release lever
correctly.
Note:
The rear push tractor cannot be removed.
Selecting the tractor position and paper path
The table below lists the different way to feed continuous paper.
Always set the paper release lever to the position indicated for the
paper feed method you are using.
Tractor
position
Paper release
lever position
Front push
tractor and
front push/pull
Rear push
tractor and
rear push/pull
Pull tractor
2-8 Paper Handling
Paper paths
Make sure you align your paper supply with the paper loaded in
the tractor so the paper feeds smoothly into the printer.
If you feed paper through the bottom paper slot, use a printer
stand that has a large enough opening for paper to feed from the
bottom without obstruction.
Changing tractor positions
You can use the removable tractor unit as either a front push
tractor or a pull tractor; you just change the tractor position
according to your paper feeding method.
Note:
The rear push tractor cannot be removed.
Using the front push tractor position
Before installing the tractor in the front position, you need to
remove it from its current position (top) by pressing the tractor’s
lock tabs while you lift it off the printer.
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
Paper Handling 2-9
2.
Open the front paper guide and remove it by grasping the fins
on both sides and pulling it straight out of the printer.
Note:
When loading multipart forms that are bound on only one side by
line gluing, always use the rear push tractor. This type of form
cannot be fed from the front push tractor.
3.
Push the tractor into the printer’s mounting slot as shown below.
You are now ready to load continuous paper with the front
push tractor.
To remove the tractor unit, press its lock tabs, tilt it forward, and
lift it out of the printer.
2-10 Paper Handling
Using the pull tractor position
Before installing the tractor in the top position, you need to
remove it from its current position (front) by pressing the tractor’s
lock tabs while you lift it off the printer.
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Lift the printer cover and paper guide up and off the printer.
3.
Grasp both ends of the clear plastic paper-tension unit, raise the
front of the unit, and lift it off the printer.
Note:
Check the paper thickness lever position to ensure that it wasn’t moved
during pull tractor installation. See “Adjusting the paper thickness
lever” later in this chapter-for the correct lever position.
Warning:
Never move the print head while the printer is turned on; this can
damage the printer. Also, if you just used the printer, the print
head may be hot. Let it cool for a few minutes before touching it.
Paper Handling
2-11
4. push the tractor into the printer’s mounting slot as shown below.
TO remove the tractor unit, hold down its lock tabs, tilt it back, and
lift it off the printer.
Loading the front push
tractor
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Remove the front paper guide as shown below. Make sure the
tractor is in the front mounting slot and the paper release lever
is set to the front push tractor position.
2-12
Paper Handling
3.
Release the sprockets by pushing the sprocket locks backward.
4.
Position the left sprocket as shown below. (Printing starts at the
arrow mark.) See the Appendix for more information on the
left margin position.
5.
Lock the sprocket in place. Then slide the right sprocket to match
the width of your paper, but do not lock it.
Paper Handling
2-13
6.
Make sure your paper has a clean, straight edge. Then open the
sprocket covers and fit the holes of the paper over the tractor
pins.
7.
Close the sprocket covers.
8.
Slide the right sprocket to remove any slack in the paper; then
lock it in place.
9.
Attach the front paper guide.
10. Slide the left and right edge guides to the center of the paper
guide.
2-14 Paper Handling
11. Turn on the printer. When the printer receives data, it
automatically loads the paper before printing.
Note:
Always close the printer cover before printing. The printer stops
printing when the cover is open.
You can also advance the paper to the loading position by
pressing the Load/Eject button.
Advance the paper behind the printer guide as shown below.
Make sure the paper path guide rests against the paper guide.
Caution:
Do not use the knob on the right side of the printer except to clear
paper jams when the printer is off Otherwise, you may damage
the printer or cause it to lose the top-of-form position.
Loading the rear push tractor
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Remove the printer cover and paper guide.
Paper Handling
2-15
3.
Make sure the paper release lever is set to the rear push tractor
position.
4.
Release the sprockets by pushing the sprocket locks forward.
2-16 Paper Handling
5.
Slide the left sprocket to the left margin of the paper using the
scale on the printer as shown below. (Printing starts at the “0”
mark. See the Appendix for more information on the left
margin position.) Then slide the right sprocket to match the
width of your paper, but do not lock it.
6.
Make sure your paper has a clean, straight edge. Then open the
sprocket covers and fit the holes of the paper over the tractor
pins.
7.
Close the sprocket covers.
Paper Handling
2-17
8.
Slide the right sprocket to remove any slack in the paper; then
lock it in place.
9.
Attach the printer cover and paper guide.
Note:
Advance the paper behind the printer guide as shown below. Make
sure the paper path guide rests against the paper guide.
10. Slide the left and right edge guides to the center of the paper
guide.
11. Turn on the printer. When the printer receives data, it
automatically loads the paper before printing.
Note:
Always close the printer cover before printing. The printer stops
printing when the cover is open.
You can also advance the paper to the loading position by
pressing the Load/Eject button.
Caution:
Do not use the knob on the right side of the printer except to clear
paper jams when the printer is Otherwise, you may damage
the printer or cause it to lose the top-of-form position.
2-18 Paper Handling
Loading the pull tractor
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Remove the printer cover and paper guide.
3.
Make sure the tractor is in the pull tractor position and the paper
release lever is set to the pull tractor position.
4.
Release the sprockets by pushing the sprocket locks forward.
Paper Handling
2-19
5.
Slide the left sprocket to the left margin of the paper using the
scale at the rear of the tractor as a guide. (Printing starts at the
“0” mark. See the Appendix for more information on the left
margin position.) Then slide the right sprocket to match the
width of your paper, but do not lock it.
6.
Make sure your paper has a clean, straight edge. Open the
sprocket covers and insert paper from either the top, rear, or
bottom paper slot. Then fit the holes of the paper over the
tractor pins.
7.
Close the sprocket covers.
8.
Slide the right sprocket to remove any slack in the paper; then
lock it in place.
2-20 Paper Handling
9.
Attach the printer cover and paper guide.
Note:
Advance the paper behind the printer guide as shown below. Make
sure the paper path guide rests against the paper guide.
10. Slide the left and right edge guides to the center of the paper
guide.
11. Turn on the printer. When the printer receives data, it
automatically loads the paper before printing.
Note:
Always close the printer cover before printing. The printer stops
printing when the cover is open.
You can also advance the paper to the loading position by
pressing the Load/Eject button.
Caution:
Do not use the knob on the right side of the printer except to clear
paper jams when the printer is off. Otherwise, you may damage
the printer or cause it to lose the top-of-form position,
Paper Handling 2-21
Loading the push/pull tractor
To use the push and pull tractors in combination, you must first
purchase the optional pull tractor. See Chapter 4 for more
information on printer options.
Note:
The standard rear push tractor cannot be removed.
To load paper in the tractor, follow these steps:
1.
Make sure the tractor is in the push/pull tractor position and the
paper release lever is set to either the front push or rear push
tractor position.
2.
Load paper in the front or rear push tractor as described in the
previous sections.
3.
Push the LF/FF button to advance the paper to the next page.
4.
Fit the paper to the pull tractor’s sprocket as described in the
previous section.
5.
Move the paper release lever to the pull tractor position, and use
micro adjust (described in the next chapter) to remove any
slack in the paper.
6.
Move the paper release lever back to the push tractor position.
7.
Attach the paper guide and printer cover.
2-22 Paper Handling
8.
Slide the left and right edge guides to the center of the paper guide.
9.
Raise the paper path guide and rest it against the paper guide.
Caution:
Do not use the knob on the right side of the printer except to clear
paper jams when the printer is off. Otherwise, you may damage
the printer or cause it to lose the top-of-form position.
Note:
Always close the printer cover before printing. The printer stops
printing when the cover is open.
Advance the paper behind the printer guide as shown below.
Make sure the paper path guide rests against the paper guide.
Removing paper from the tractor
1.
To remove continuous paper, press the Tear Off /Bin button to feed
the paper’s perforation to the tear-off edge of the printer cover.
Note:
If the page perforation is not properly aligned with the tear-off edge,
you can adjust the tear-off position using micro adjust. See Chapter
3.
2.
Tear off the paper.
3.
Press the Load/Eject button to feed the continuous paper
backward out of the printer and into the standby position.
Paper Handling
2-23
Caution:
Make sure you tear off our printed document before pressing the
Load/Eject button. Reversefeeding several pages at a time may
cause a paper jam.
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single
Sheets
When using the push tractor in the front or rear position, you can
easily switch between continuous and single-sheet printing
without removing the paper.
Switching to single sheets
To switch from continuous paper to single sheets, follow these
steps:
1.
If any printed sheets remain in the printer, press the
Tear Off/Bin button to advance the paper to the tear-off
position.
2.
Tear off the printed pages.
Caution:
Always tear off paper before back-feeding paper through
the printer; back-feeding too many sheets can cause a
paper jam.
Never back-feed labels. Labels can easily come off their
backing and jam the printer.
3.
Press the Load/Eject button. The printer feeds the continuous
paper backward to the standby position. The paper is still
attached to the push tractor but is no longer in the paper path.
4.
Move the paper release lever to the single-sheet position.
5.
Adjust the edge guides to match the width of your paper.
2-24 Paper Handling
You can now load single sheets as described in “Using Single
Sheets,” earlier in this chapter.
Switching to continuous paper
To switch from single sheets back to continuous paper, follow
these steps:
1.
If a single sheet is in the paper path, press the Load/Eject
button to eject it.
2.
Move the paper release lever to the push or pull tractor position.
The printer advances the continuous paper to the loading position
when it receives data.
Printing on Special Paper
In addition to printing on single sheets and continuous paper,
your printer can print on a wide variety of other paper types, such
as envelopes, labels, postcards, roll paper, and multipart forms.
Before printing on special types of paper, you need to change the
paper thickness setting.
Caution:
When printing on labels or multipart forms, make sure
that your software settings keep the printing entirely
within the printable urea.
Always return the paper thickness lever to position 0
when you return to printing on ordinary paper.
Paper Handling
2-25
Adjusting the paper thickness lever
Set the paper thickness lever to match the thickness of your paper
according to the table below.
Paper type
Thin paper
Lever position
0 or 1
Ordinary paper (single sheets or continuous)
0
Multipart forms (carbonless)
2 sheets (original + 1 copy)
3 sheets (original + 2 copies)
4 sheets (original + 3 copies)
5 sheets (original + 4 copies)
1
2
3
5
Labels, Postcards
2
Envelopes
2 to 6
Note:
When operating your printer under low temperature conditions
(5°C or less), set the lever one position lower to improve print
quality.
When operating your printer under high temperature conditions
(35°C or more), set the lever one position higher to improve print
quality.
2-26 Paper Handling
Multipart forms
Your printer can print on both single-sheet and continuous
multipart forms. You can load single-sheet multipart forms in both
the front and top paper slots. You can load continuous multipart
forms from the front, rear, and bottom.
Note:
Use only carbonless multipart forms.
You can use multipart forms of up to five parts, including the
original. Make sure you set the paper thickness lever to the proper
position.
You load multipart forms the same way as single sheets or
continuous paper. For best results with continuous multipart
forms, you should use the tractor installed in the pull tractor
position and load paper from either the front or rear tractor. When
you load paper from the front, you must use the optional pull
tractor because the rear push tractor cannot be removed.
For details, see “Using Single Sheets” or “Loading Continuous
Paper,” earlier in this chapter. Also be sure to set the loading
position as described in “Micro Adjust” in Chapter 3.
Caution:
When printing multipart forms, make sure the printing
stays entirely within the printable area of the forms. (For
more information on the printable area, see the Appendix.)
Use multipart forms only under normal operating
conditions.
When loading single-sheet multipart forms that are bound
at the top by line gluing, always use the top paper path. (If
you plan to print on forms that are joined at either the top
or side by line gluing, use the front paper path.)
Load multipart forms that are free of wrinkles and waves.
Paper Handling
2-27
Labels
When selecting labels for printing, always choose the type
mounted on a continuous backing sheet with sprocket holes for
use with a tractor. Do not try to print labels as single sheets
because the shiny backing sheet does not feed properly.
Load labels from either the front or bottom (not rear) paper slots
with the tractor in the pull tractor position. You load them the
same way that you load continuous paper, except you set the
paper thickness lever to position 2. See “Using Continuous Paper”
earlier in this chapter for details.
Caution:
Neverfeed labels backward with the Load/Eject or Tear
Off/Bin buttons. Labels can easily peel off the backing and
jam the printer.
Since labels are especially sensitive to temperature and
humidity, use them only under normal operating
conditions.
Do not leave labels loaded in the printer between jobs; they
curl around the platen and may jam when you resume
printing.
To remove labels from the paper path after you finish
printing, first tear off the labels at a point before the paper
slot. Then use the LF/FF button to advance the remaining
labels out of the printer.
2-28
Paper Handling
Envelopes
You can load envelopes only from the top paper slot, following
the guidelines below:
Always set the paper thickness lever to position 2 to 6 to
match the thickness of the envelope.
Always feed an envelope by pushing the wide edge into
the printer until it meets resistance.
Caution:
Use envelopes only under normal operating conditions.
Printing on the edge of an envelope can damage the print
head. Make sure the printing stays entirely within the
printable area of the envelopes. See the Appendix for
details.
Postcards
You can load postcards from the front and top paper slots. Load
cards only under normal operating conditions. Set the Card mode
using the Tear Off/Bin button. See the Tear Off/Bin light and
button descriptions in Chapter 3 for more information.
Note:
When the length of the card is less than 14.8 cm (5.8 inches), use
the top paper slot. See the Appendix for details.
Use postcards only under normal operating conditions.
Roll paper
Load roll paper from the top paper slot. See “Roll paper holder” in
Chapter 4 for more information.
Paper Handling 2-29
Chapter 3
Using the Printer
Control Panel . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . .
Buttons . . . . . . .
Other control panel
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features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Default Settings . . . . . . .
Selecting an instruction sheet language
Selecting items and changing settings .
Default setting item functions . . . . . .
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3-2
3-2
3-4
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-7
3-9
Micro Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-13
Tear-Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using auto tear-off mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Tear Off /Bin button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-15
3-16
3-17
Bi-d Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-17
Barcode Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-18
Using the Printer
3-1
This chapter covers basic operation of your printer, including the
control panel lights and buttons, the printer’s default settings, and
other functions.
Control Panel
The indicator lights on the control panel let you monitor the
current status of the printer, and the buttons let you control many
printer settings.
Lights
Paper Out (red)
On when the printer runs out of paper or paper is jammed.
Pause (orange)
On when the printer is not ready to print data, paper is out or
jammed, or the cover is open. The Pause light is off, unless you
press the Pause button to pause printing. The Pause light flashes
when the micro adjust function is enabled or the print head is too
hot.
3-2
Using the Printer
Tear Off /Bin (two lights, green)
The Tear Off/Bin selection status is displayed by two lights:
Tear off position
Bin 1
Bin 2
Card
= Flashing,
= On,
= Off
* Both lights are off when continuous paper is not in the tear-off position
* You can print postcards in Card mode.
Font (three lights, green)
The font selection status is displayed by three font lights on the
control panel:
Draft
Roman
Sans Serif
Courier
Prestige
script
Others
q = On,
= Off
* Others means the font selected in the Default Setting mode
Using the Printer
3-3
Pitch (three lights, green)
The pitch selection status is displayed by three pitch lights:
10 cpi
12 cpi
15 cpi
17 cpi
20 cpi
PS (Proportional spacing)
= On, n
= Off
Note:
All of the lights above me on when a fatal error occurs.
Buttons
Operate
Press this button to turn the printer on or off.
Pause
Press this button to temporarily stop printing and to resume
printing. Holding it down for at least 3 seconds when the printer
is in the standby mode enables the micro adjust function. Pressing
it again disables this function. See “Micro Adjust” later in this
chapter for details.
Load/Eject
Press this button to load single-sheet or continuous paper to the
loading position. However, the printer normally loads paper
automatically. If single-sheet paper is already in the loading
position, use this button to eject the sheet. If continuous paper is
in the loading or tear-off position, press this button to feed it
backward to the standby position.
3-4
Using the Printer
LF/FF (line feed/form feed)
Press this button briefly to feed the paper forward one line. Hold
the button down to eject a single sheet of paper or advance
continuous paper to the top of the next page. You can also use this
button to load a single sheet of paper from the cut-sheet feeder or
to feed continuous paper from the standby position to the loading
position.
Tear Off /Bin
Pressing this button moves a page to the tear-off position, and
pressing it again moves the next page to the top-of-feed position.
When cut sheets are used, pressing it selects the cut-sheet feed bin
number. Use the Card mode (Bin 1 selected) to print on postcards.
Font
Press this button to select one of the following fonts:
Draft, Roman, Sans Serif, Courier, Prestige, Script, or Other’
* “Other” means the font selected in the Default Setting mode.
Pitch
Press this button to select one of the following pitches:
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15 cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi, or proportional spacing (PS).
Note:
The typestyle samples on the control panel are meant as guides only;
actual printed results may differ slightly.
Using the Printer
3-5
Other control panel features
The control panel also gives you to access to several other
functions. To activate the functions listed below, turn on the
printer while pressing one of buttons, as follows:
3-6
Load/Eject
Performs a letter quality self test.
See Chapter 1 for details.
LF/FF
Performs a draft self test. See
Chapter 1 for details.
Pitch
Activates the Default Setting mode.
See “Changing the Default Settings”
in this chapter.
Load/Eject and LF/FF
Prints a data dump. All the input
data are printed as hexadecimal
numbers and corresponding
characters. See “Problems and
Solutions” in Chapter 6.
Pause
Starts the Bi-d adjustment. See “Bi-d
Adjustment” in this chapter.
Using the Printer
Changing the Default Settings
The default settings control many basic functions of the printer.
While you can control many of these functions through your
software or printer driver, you may sometimes need to change a
default setting from the printer’s control panel through the Default
Setting mode.
To enter Default Setting mode, hold down the Pitch button while
turning on the printer. The printer prints an instruction sheet.
Follow the instructions on this sheet, and in this section, to change
settings using the Default Setting mode.
Selecting an
instruction sheet language
Follow these steps to select the language in which you want to
print the rest of the Default Setting mode instructions:
1.
Press the Pitch button until the Pitch lights indicate the
language you want to select.
2.
Press the Tear Off/Bin button to save your selection.
3. Press the Font button to print out the instruction.
Selecting items and changing settings
Follow the steps below to select items and change their settings.
The available items and settings are listed on the instruction sheet
and in the table on the next page.
1.
Press the Pitch button until the Pitch lights indicate the item
you want to change.
2.
Press the Tear Off/Bin button until the setting you want to use
for that item is indicated by the Tear Off/Bin and Pause
lights.
Using the Printer
3-7
3.
Repeat steps 1 and 2 for any additional items you want to
change. Each time you press the Tear Off/Bin button, the
printer saves the settings you selected.
4.
When you finish changing the settings, turn off the printer.
The following table lists the items you can change and their
available settings. Default settings are bold. Each item is described
in the following section.
3-8
Item
Settings
Character table
Standard model:
Italic, PC 437, PC 850. PC 860, PC 863
PC 865, PC 861, BRASCII, Abicomp,
IS0 Latin 1, Roman 8
All other models:
Italic, PC 437, PC 437 Greek, PC 850,
PC 852, PC 853. PC 855, PC 857,
PC 864, PC 866. PC 869.
IS0 Latin 1T. IS0 8859-7. MAZOWIA,
Code MJK, Bulgaria, Estonia, PC774,
IS0 Latin 2, PC 866 LAT.
International character set for
Italic table
Italic U.S.A. Italic France,
Italic Germany, Italic U.K.,
Italic Denmark, Italic Sweden, Italic
Italy, Italic Spain
Font *1
OCR-B, Orator, Orator-S, Script C,
Roman T, Sans Serif H
Page length for front tractor
3, 3.5, 4, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 11, 70/6, 12,
14, 17 inches
Page length for rear tractor
3, 3.5, 4, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 11, 70/6, 12,
14, 17 inches
High speed draft
On, Off
Print direction
Auto, Bi-d., Uni-d.
Software
ESC/P2, IBM 2391 plus
Interface mode
Auto, Parallel I/F, Option I/F
Auto interface wait time
10 sec., 30 sec.
Input buffer
On. Off
Using the Printer
Item
Settings
Skip-over-perforation
On, Off
Auto tear off
On, Off
Auto line feed
On. Off
Auto CR *2
On, Off
AGM *2
On, Off
0 slash
On, Off
Buzzer
On, Off
Roll paper
On, Off
* 1 One of the fonts selected in the Default Setting mode corresponds to
Other on the control panel. The following fonts are not selected in the
Default Setting mode: Draft, Roman, Sans Serif, Courier, Prestige, and
Script.
* 2 These settings are effective when IBM2391 plus emulation is selected.
Default setting item functions
This section describes each of the default setting item functions
Character table
Your printer has 11 standard character tables as well as tables for
20 other countries. See the Appendix for character samples.
international character set for Italic table
You can change 8 characters in the Italic character table to suit
your printing needs. Since these characters are often used in other
languages, they are named after countries and are referred to as
international character sets. See the Appendix for character
samples.
Using the Printer
3-9
Font
You can select 6 fonts in Default Setting mode. The following fonts
are indicated on the control panel and can’t be selected by default
settings: Draft, Roman, Sans Serif, Courier, Prestige, and Script.
Page length for front and rear tractor
For paper fed through the front or rear tractor, you can set the
page length to one of the following: 3, 3.5, 4, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 11,
70/6, 12, 14, or 17 inches.
High speed draft
When you select high speed draft, the printer can print up to 440
cps (characters per second) at 10 cpi in draft mode. If you select
normal speed draft, it prints up to 330 cps at 10 cpi in draft mode.
Print direction
You can select auto print direction, unidirectional printing, or
bidirectional printing. Printing is normally bidirectional; however,
unidirectional printing allows for precise vertical printing
alignment.
Software
When you select ESC/P 2, the printer operates in the EPSON
ESC /P 2 mode. When you select IBM, the printer emulates an IBM
printer.
Interface mode
The printer has two interfaces: parallel and Type-B (optional).
You can choose parallel, optional, or automatic for the interface
mode.
3-10
Using the Printer
Auto interface wait time
The printer determines which interface is receiving data and
switches to that interface until the end of the print job (when no
data is received from the selected interface for the amount of time
specified). You can specify either 10 seconds or 30 seconds.
Input buffer
The input buffer stores data sent from your computer. The input
buffer can store up to 64KB of data, so you can free your computer
for other tasks while the printer prints. When the buffer is off, the
buffer can store no data, so the computer must wait for the printer
to print each character before sending the next.
Skip over perforation
This feature is available only when continuous paper is selected.
When you turn on this feature, the printer provides a one-inch
(25.4 mm) margin between the last line printed on one page and
the first line printed on the next page. Because most application
programs set their own top and bottom margins, you should use
this feature only if your program does not provide them.
Auto fear-off
When you use continuous paper with the front or rear push
tractor, this feature advances the paper perforation to the tear-off
position, where you can then easily tear off the printed page.
When the printer again receives data, it automatically advances
the paper to the top-of-form position and starts printing, so you
can use all of the next sheet. When auto tear-off is disabled (off),
you must perform the tear-off function manually by pressing the
Tear Off/Bin button. See “Tear Off” later in this chapter for more
information.
Auto line feed
When auto line feed is on, the printer accompanies each carriage
return (CR) code received with a line feed (LF) code.
Using the Printer
3-11
Auto carriage return
When the auto carriage return feature is on, each line feed (LF)
code or ESC J (n/180-inch line feed) code is accompanied by a
carriage return (CR) code and the printer moves the next print
position to the left margin. When this feature is off, you must send
the CR code after the line feed code to move the print position to
the left margin. This feature is available in IBM emulation mode
only.
Alternate Graphic Mode (AGM)
When AGM is on, the printer can use some advanced graphics
commands like those available in ESC/P 2 mode. When you select
IBM 2390/2391 mode, this setting is available. The default setting
is off.
0 slush
The zero character has a slash (Ø) when this setting is on; it has no
slash (0) when the setting is off. This allows you to easily
distinguish between an uppercase “O” character and a zero.
Buzzer (Beep)
The printer beeps when some errors occur. See “Troubleshooting”
in Chapter 6 for more information.
Roll paper
When you turn on this mode, roll paper is not recognized as
single-sheet paper even if the paper release lever is set to the
single-sheet position. This means that the paper is not ejected and
advanced forward to the next page with the LF/FF button.
3-12
Using the Printer
Micro Adjust
The micro adjust feature allows you to move paper forward or
backward in l/360-inch increments. You can use this feature to
adjust the loading and tear-off positions.
This section explains how to use micro adjust. See the next section
for information on adjusting the tear-off position.
The loading position is the position of the paper after it has been
automatically loaded by the printer. If your printing appears too
high or low on the page, change the loading position with the
micro adjust feature as follows:
1.
Make sure the printer is turned on. If necessary, lift the printer
cover up so you can see the paper position.
2.
Load either continuous or single-sheet paper. (Load continuous
paper by pressing the Load/Eject button.)
3.
Hold down the Pause button for three seconds. The Pause
light starts flashing.
Using the Printer
3-13
4.
Press the Load/Eject[ ] button to move the loading position
down on the page, or press the LF/FF[
] button to move the
loading position up on the page.
For continuous paper, mark a point 6.5 mm above the perforation
and position the paper as shown. This gives you an 8.5 mm
margin.
Note:
The printer has a minimum and maximum loading position. If
you try to advance the loading position beyond these limits, the
printer beeps and the paper stops moving.
When the paper reaches the factory-set loading position, the
printer beeps and paper feeding pauses briefly. Use the factory
setting as a reference point when adjusting the loading position.
3-14
Using the Printer
5.
Press the Pause button or send data to the printer to leave the
micro adjust mode.
Note:
For both cut sheet and continuous paper, the printer remembers this new
position even after it has been turned off and back on.
Tear-Off
After you have finished printing, you can use the tear-off feature
to advance continuous paper on the push tractor to the tear-off
edge of the printer. You can then easily tear off printed sheets.
When you resume printing, the printer automatically feeds paper
back to the loading position so you can save paper that would
normally be lost between documents.
You can use the tear-off feature in two ways: by setting the default
setting to select auto tear-off mode, or by pressing the
Tear Off/Bin button on the control panel.
If the perforation between pages is not aligned with the tear-off
edge, you can adjust the tear-off position using the micro adjust
feature as described in the previous section.
Caution:
Never use the tear-off feature to reverse-feed labels; they
may come off their backing and jam the printer.
Never reverse-feed continuous paper when using the pull
tractor; the paper could come off the pull tractor and jam
the printer.
Using the Printer
3-15
Using auto tear-Off mode
When you select the auto tear-off mode default setting, the printer
advances continuous paper to the tear-off position when you
finish printing.
The printer advances paper to the tear-off position only when the
printer receives a full page of data or a form-feed command and
no more data is received for three seconds.
Select tear-off using the Default Setting mode as described earlier
in this chapter. Also make sure the page length for continuous
paper is selected correctly in the Default Setting mode. Be sure
you turn off the printer to exit from the Default Setting mode, and
then turn it on again.
1.
Print on continuous paper loaded on the front or rear push
tractor (as described in Chapter 2). When you finish printing,
the printer advances the perforation of the final printed page
to the tear-off position.
2.
Tear off all printed pages.
3.
When you resume printing, the printer automatically feeds the
paper back to the loading position and begins printing. If the
perforation does not meet the tear-off edge, you can adjust the
tear-off position using the micro adjust feature as described in
the previous section.
You can leave auto tear-off mode on even when you are using
single sheets because the mode is disabled when you move the
paper release lever to the single-sheet position.
Note:
Don’t turn on the auto tear-off mode when using the pull tractor. Set
auto tear-off mode to of in the Default Setting mode, or avoid touching
the Tear Off/Bin button when using the pull tractor.
3-16
Using the Printer
Using the Tear Off/Bin button
Whether or not the printer is in auto tear-off mode, you can use
the Tear Off/Bin button to advance continuous paper to the
tear-off position by following the steps below:
1.
Make sure printing has finished. Then press the Tear Off/Bin
button until the two lights on the control panel start flashing.
The printer advances the paper to the tear-off edge.
2.
Tear off all printed pages. If the perforation is not aligned with
the tear-off edge, adjust the tear-off position using the micro
adjust feature. See “Micro Adjust,” earlier in this chapter.
3.
When you resume printing, the printer feeds the paper back
to the loading position and begins printing. (You can also
manually feed the paper back to the loading position by
pressing the Tear Off/Bin button.)
Bi-d Adjustment
When using bidirectional printing, you may notice that the lines in
your printout are not properly aligned. To correct this problem,
use the printer’s Bi-d Adjustment mode as follows:
1.
Make sure continuous paper is loaded in the printer.
2.
Hold down the Pause button while you turn on the printer. The
instructions for adjusting Bi-d alignment are printed, along
with the first set of alignment patterns.
3.
Follow the instructions on the printout.
4.
After completing Bid adjustment, turn off the printer.
Using the Printer
3-17
Barcode Printing
Your printer has powerful barcode printing capabilities and
includes the following resident barcode fonts: EAN-13, EAN-8,
Interleaved 2 of 5, UPC-A, UPC-E, Code 39, Code 128, and
POSTNET. See the Appendix for more information about the
Barcode Print command.
3-18
Using the Printer
Chapter 4
Using Printer Options
Cut-Sheet Feeders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Installing the high capacity cut-sheet feeder . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Loading paper with the highcapacity cut-sheet feeder . . . . . 4-4
Assembling the double bin cut-sheet feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Switching between continuous paper and the cut-sheet
feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Selecting single-sheets, postcards, or envelopes . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Pull Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Loading paper with the push tractor and the optional pull
tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Roll Paper Holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9
Interface Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Installing an interface card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
The C82305* or C82306* serial interface card . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Using Printer Options
4-1
This chapter describes how to use optional equipment with your
printer, including cut-sheet feeders, a pull tractor, a roll paper
holder, and interface cards.
Cut-Sheet Feeders
Two cut-sheet feeders are available for use with your printer.
Printer model
High capacity (Bin 1)
Second bin (Bin 2)
LQ-2 170
C80673 *
C80674*
The asterisk (*) is a substitute for the last digit, which varies by country.
Contact your local EPSON dealer for the part number in your country.
By connecting both cut-sheet feeders, you can operate them as a
double bin cut-sheet feeder. This allows you to load two different
types of paper. See “Assembling the double bin cut-sheet feeder”
later in this chapter.
Before you install your cut-sheet feeder, assemble it by following
the instructions in the manual that comes with it.
Note:
The second bin cut-sheetfeeder can only be used in combination with the
high capacity cut-sheet feeder.
Installing the high capacity cut-sheet feeder
4-2
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Remove the paper guide and the printer cover.
Using Printer Options
3.
If the standard tractor is installed in the pull tractor position,
remove it. If the optional pull tractor is installed, remove it. In
either case, make sure the paper tension unit is not installed.
Note:
Store the paper guide and optional pull tractor in a safe place; you
will need them if you remove the cut-sheet feeder.
4.
Move the printer head to the ribbon installation position.
5.
Hold the cut-sheet feeder in both hands and press back the latch
levers on each side. Fit the notches in the cut-sheet feeder over
the mounting posts on the printer. Release the latch levers and
lower the cut-sheet feeder until it rests on the printer.
6.
Insert the cable into the connector as shown above.
7.
Replace the printer cover.
You are now ready to load paper with your cut-sheet feeder. To
remove the cut-sheet feeder, reverse the steps above.
Using Printer Options
4-3
Loading paper with the high capacity cut-sheet feeder
Load paper using the high capacity cut-sheet feeder as follows:
4-4
1.
Turn off the printer.
2.
Push down the center support. Slide the left paper guide so it is
aliged with the arrow mark on the back side of the center
support. Next, slide the right paper guide to match the width
of your paper. Slide the paper stacker midway between the
paper guides.
3.
Pull the paper-set levers all the way forward until the paper
guides retract and lock open to allow for paper loading.
Using Printer Options
4.
Fan a stack of paper (up to 150 sheets); then tap the side and
bottom of the stack on a flat surface to even it up.
Caution:
Do not use labels in the cut-sheetfeeder.
5.
Insert the paper along the left paper guide.
6.
Adjust the position of the right paper guide so that it matches
your paper’s width. Make sure the position of the guide allows
the paper to move up and down freely.
7.
Push back the paper-set levers to clamp the paper against the
guide rollers.
8.
Lift up the center support and select single sheet or continuous
paper by moving the paper selection lever as shown below.
Note:
When the cut-sheetfeeder is installed, you can still load single sheets
using the top paper guide or the front paper slot.
The cut-sheet feeder loads paper when you send data to the
printer (as long as the Pause light is not on). You can also load
paper by pressing the Load/Eject button.
Using Printer Options
4-5
Assembling the double bin cut-sheet feeder
You can connect the high capacity cut-sheet feeder to the second
bin cut-sheet feeder to create a double bin cut-sheet feeder. See the
cut-sheet feeder option manuals for more information.
You cannot use the second bin feeder without the high capacity
feeder.
1.
Install the assembled double bin cut-sheet feeder on the printer.
See “Installing the high capacity cut-sheet feeder” in the
previous section.
2.
Select the bin number by pressing the Tear Off/Bin button. The
light of the currently selected bin comes on.
Note:
You may be able to specify the bin number using your application
programs. See your software manuals for details.
Switching between continuous paper and the
cut-sheet feeder
You can easily switch between continuous paper and cut-sheet
feeder operation without removing the continuous paper.
Switching to continuous paper
1.
If any single sheets are in the paper path, press the Load/Eject
button to eject them.
2.
Move the paper release lever to the push tractor position.
3.
Move the paper selection lever to the continuous paper position.
Note:
When you print several pages of continuous paper, guide the paper over
the center support and out the back of the printer, as it prints.
4-6
Using Printer Options
Switching to the cut-sheet feeder
1.
If any printed continuous paper remains in the printer, press the
Tear Off/Bin button to advance the paper to the tear-off
position.
2.
Tear off the printed pages.
3.
Press the Load/Eject button. The printer feeds the paper
backward to the standby position. The paper is still attached
to the push tractor but is no longer in the paper path.
4.
Move the printer’s paper release lever to the single-sheet
position.
5.
Move the cut-sheet feeder’s paper selection lever to the
single-sheet position.
Selecting single-sheets, postcards, or envelopes
You can select either single-sheet paper, postcards, or envelopes
using the lever on the first bin. You’ll see the icons next to the
lever. Move the lever to the proper position before loading your
paper.
Using Printer Options
4-7
Pull Tractor
The optional pull tractor (C80032*) provides optimum continuous
paper handling. (The asterisk (*) is a substitute for the last digit of
the product number, which varies by country.)
The pull tractor is especially useful with continuous multipart
forms. For best results, use the optional pull tractor along with
your standard tractor installed in the front push tractor position.
See Chapter 2 for instructions.
Note:
You cannot remove the rear push tractor. When you load continuous
paperfrom the front paper path with the pull tractor on top, you can
install the optional pull tractor in the pull tractor position.
Loading paper with the push tractor and the optional
pull tractor
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off and the standard tractor is
installed in the push tractor position.
2.
Remove the paper tension unit by lifting it up and off the printer.
3.
Install the optional pull tractor in the pull tractor position as
described in “Using the pull tractor position” in Chapter 2.
Note:
The optional pull tractor cannot be installed in the rear push tractor
position.
4-8
4.
Make sure that the paper release lever is in the push tractor
position.
5.
Load the paper in the push tractor as described in Chapter 2.
6.
Press the LF/FF button to advance the paper to the next page.
Using Printer Options
7.
Fit the paper to the pull tractor’s sprocket.
8.
Move the paper release lever to the pull tractor position and use
micro adjust, described in Chapter 3, to remove any slack in
the paper.
9.
Move the paper release lever back to the push tractor position.
10. Attach the paper guide and printer cover. Raise the paper path
guide and rest it against the paper guide.
Note:
When you are using more than one continuous paper source, guide the
paper over the paper guide and feed it out the back of the printer, as it
prints.
Caution:
Do not use the knob on the right side of the printer except to clear
paper jams when the printer is off. Otherwise, you may damage
the printer or cause it to lose the top-of-form position.
Roll Paper Holder
The optional roll paper holder (#8310) allows you to use your
printer with 8.5-inch roll paper like that used with telex machines.
Before you use roll paper, set the default setting of roll paper to
on. See “Changing the Default Settings” in Chapter 3 for details.
To use the roll paper holder, follow the steps below.
Note:
This option is not available in all countries.
1.
Turn off the printer and make sure the paper release lever is at
the single-sheet position.
Using Printer Options
4-9
2.
Position the roll paper holder beneath the printer as shown
below. Fit the two holes in the base onto the two positioning
pegs on the bottom of the printer.
Caution:
Be careful to avoid dropping the roll paper holder when lifting the
printer. Only the printer’s weight holds it in place.
4-10
3.
Cut the leading edge of the roll paper straight across. Slide the
roll paper holder shaft through the center of the paper roll.
4.
Set the shaft and paper roll onto the roll paper holder so that
paper feeds from the bottom of the roll.
Using Printer Options
5.
Bring the leading edge of the paper up over the rear push tractor
and insert it into the printer path until you feel resistance.
Note:
Use the rear push tractor paper path as shown below.
6.
Install the paper guide and the printer cover.
7.
Turn on the printer. The roll paper loads automatically.
Using Printer Options
4-11
Interface Cards
You can use optional interface cards to supplement your printer’s
built-in parallel interface. The EPSON interface cards below are
compatible with your printer. (Not all interfaces are available in all
countries.)
Model number
Name
C82305* / C82306*
Serial interface card
C82307* / C82308*
32KB intelligent serial interface card
C82310* / C82311*
32KB intelligent parallel interface card
C82312*
LocalTalk interface card
C82313*
32KB IEEE-488 interface card
C82314*
Coax interface card
C82315*
Twinax interface card
C82331*
Ethernet interface card
The asterisk (*) is a substitute for the last digit, which varies by country.
If you are unsure whether you need an optional interface or
would like to know more about interfaces, contact your dealer.
Installing an interface card
Follow the steps below to install an optional interface card.
1.
4-12
Make sure the printer is turned off. Unplug the printer’s power
cord and disconnect the interface cable.
Using Printer Options
2.
Remove the screws from the shield plate on the back of the
printer and remove the plate.
3.
Slide the interface card along the slots on both sides of the
interface compartment. Push in firmly to make sure you fully
insert the connector at the back of the interface card into the
printer’s internal socket. Then re-insert the screws and tighten
them.
To remove the interface card, reverse the steps above.
Using Printer Options
4-13
The C82305* or C82306* serial interface card
To use the C82305* or C82306* serial interface card, see the
sections below to set the correct baud rate, handshake timing, and
error handling. For all other data transfer conventions, such as
word structure and communications protocol, see the C82305* or
C82306* interface card manual.
Selecting a baud rate
You can select from the following baud rates: 300, 600, 1200, 2400,
4800, 9600, and 19200 bps (bits per second). To set the baud rate,
see the bit-rate selection table in the C82305* or C82306* interface
card manual.
Handshake timing
When the unused area for data in the input buffer drops to 256
bytes, the printer outputs an X-OFF code or sets the DTR flag to 1
(MARK) to indicate that it cannot receive data. When the unused
area increases to 512 bytes, the printer outputs an X-ON code or
sets the DTR flag to 0 (SPACE) to indicate that it is ready to receive
data.
4-14
Using Printer Options
Chapter 5
Cleaning the Printer
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Replacing the Ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-4
Transporting the Printer
Maintenance and Transportation
5-1
Cleaning the Printer
To keep your printer operating at its best, you should clean it
thoroughly several times a year. Follow these steps:
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off. Then remove any paper as
well as the paper guide and tractor unit. Also remove the
optional pull tractor and cut-sheet feeders, if installed.
2.
Use a soft brush to carefully brush away all dust and dirt from
the outer case.
3.
If the outer case or paper guide is still dirty, clean it with a soft,
clean cloth dampened with mild detergent dissolved in water.
Keep the printer cover in place and close the paper-guide
cover to prevent water from getting inside the printer.
Warning:
Be careful not to get water on the printer mechanism or electronic
components.
Caution:
Never use alcohols or thinners to clean the printer; these
chemicals can damage the components and the case.
Do not use a hard or abrasive brush.
Do not spray the inside of the printer with lubricants;
unsuitable oils can damage the mechanism. Contact your
dealer iflubrication is needed.
5-2
Maintenance and Transportation
When printing becomes faint, you need to replace the ribbon
cartridge. Use the EPSON ribbon cartridges listed below for best
results. Genuine EPSON ribbons are designed to work properly
with your EPSON printer; their high quality ensures proper
operation and a long life for the print head and other printer parts.
Using any other ribbon may damage your printer.
Printer model
LQ-2170
Ribbon cartridge
Ribbon pack
S015083
S010031
To replace the ribbon cartridge, follow the steps in “Installing the
Ribbon Cartridge” in Chapter 1.
Note:
Do not use a ribbon cartridge designed for 9-pin printers.
The ribbon pack can be replaced only four times, after which you
must replace ribbon cartridge itself.
Maintenance and Transportation
5-3
Transporting the Printer
If you need to transport your printer some distance, carefully
repack it using the original box and packing materials, as
described below:
5-4
1.
Turn off the printer.
2.
Unplug the power cord from the electrical outlet; then
disconnect the interface cable from the printer.
3.
Remove the paper guide.
4.
Remove the optional pull tractor, cut-sheet feeder, or roll-paper
holder if installed.
5.
Remove the ribbon cartridge.
6.
Remove the paper-tension unit. Attach the protective locking
clip to the paper-tension unit, and then replace the paper
tension unit.
7.
Make sure the standard tractor is installed in the push tractor
position.
8.
Repack the printer, ribbon cartridge, paper guide, and power
cord in the original packing materials and place them in the
printer’s original box.
Maintenance and Transportation
Chapter 6
Troubleshooting
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Power is not being supplied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The printer does not print . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The print is faint or uneven . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dots are missing in printed characters or graphics
Printed characters are not what you expect . . . .
The print position is not what you expect . . . . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
6-3
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-5
6-6
Paper Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single sheets do not feed properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Continuous paper does not feed properly . . . . . . . . . .
6-7
6-7
6-8
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
The paper does not feed properly with the
cut-sheet feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Continuous paper does not feed properly when
usine the pull tractor with the push tractor . . . . . . . . 6-12
Troubleshooting
6-1
Most printer problems have simple solutions.
You can check the operation of your printer using the self test.
See “Running the Self Test” in Chapter 1. If the self test works
properly, the problem probably lies in the computer, software,
or interface cable. If the self test does not work, contact your
dealer or qualified service person for assistance.
Note:
If you are an experienced user or a programmer, you can print a
hexadecimal dump to isolate communication problems between the
printer and computer. To print a hex dump, turn off the printer.
Next, hold down the LF/FF and Load/Eject buttons while you turn
on the printer. Then send data from your computer. The printer
prints all the codes it receives in hexadecimal format.
Power Supply
This section describes solutions for problems related to the
power supply.
Power is not being supplied
The lights on the control panel do not go on.
Check that the power cord is properly plugged into the
electrical outlet.
If the electrical outlet is controlled by an outside switch or
automatic timer, use a different outlet.
Plug another electrical device, such as a lamp, into the outlet to
determine whether the outlet is operating properly.
6-2 Troubleshooting
The lights come on briefly and then go off. The lights stay off
even when the power is turned on again.
Check that the printer’s voltage rating matches the voltage of
your electrical outlet. If the voltages do not match, unplug the
printer and contact your dealer immediately. Do not reconnect
the power cord to an electrical outlet.
Printing
See this section if you have problems printing.
The printer does not print
The Pause light is off but nothing is printed.
Check that the software is installed properly for your printer.
Check the software’s printer settings.
Check both ends of the interface cable. Make sure the cable
meets both the printer and computer specifications.
The Pause and Paper Out lights are flashing and the printer
beeps three times.
The printer may be out of paper. Load paper in the printer.
The printer sounds like it is printing, but nothing is printed.
The ribbon cartridge may not be installed properly. Follow the
steps in Chapter 1 to make sure it is installed correctly.
The ribbon may be worn out. Replace the ribbon cartridge.
Troubleshooting 6-3
The printer makes a strange noise, beeps five times, and then
abruptly stops printing.
Turn off the printer and let the print head cool. Then, check for
a paper jam, a ribbon jam, or other problems. Try to print
again. If the printer still does not print correctly, contact your
dealer.
The printer beeps several times.
An error has occurred. Turn off the printer and turn it on again.
If the printer beeps three times, check to see if the paper has
run out or the printer cover is open.
If the printer beeps five times, check for a paper jam and make
sure the paper release lever is in the correct position.
If the printer beeps once, you may have tried an invalid control
panel operation. Review the control panel functions in Chapter 3.
If the printer still does not work correctly, turn it off and
contact your dealer or qualified service person.
The print is faint or uneven
Printed characters have parts missing at the bottom.
The ribbon cartridge may not be installed properly. See
Chapter 1 for installation instructions.
The printout is faint.
The ribbon may be worn out. Replace the ribbon cartridge as
described in Chapter 1.
6-4 Troubleshooting
The paper thickness lever may not be set properly. See
“Adjusting the paper thickness lever” in Chapter 2.
Dots are missing in printed characters of graphics
A line of dots is missing in the printout.
The print head is damaged. Stop printing and contact your
dealer to have the print head replaced.
Dots are missing in random positions.
Either there is too much slack in the ribbon or the ribbon has
come loose. Reinstall the ribbon cartridge as described in
Chapter 1.
Printed
characters are not what you expect
The typestyles or characters you sent with your software did
not print.
Check that the software is correctly configured for your printer.
For instructions, see “Setting Up Your Software” in Chapter 1.
The font selected on the control panel does not print.
Your software may be overriding your control panel setting.
Select the font in your software program.
Troubleshooting
6-5
The print position is not
what you expect
Printing starts too high or too low on the page, or the bottom part
of one page is printed at the top of the next page.
You can adjust the loading position using the LF/FF button in
the micro-adjust mode. See “Micro Adjust” in Chapter 3.
When you print on single sheets, if the printer prints the first
page of your file correctly but then prints too low on the next
page, or prints the last few lines from one page onto the next,
change some of the settings in your application programs, as
follows:
1.
When you install an application program, it normally asks
you what printer you are using. Make sure you choose the
correct printer. See your user’s guide for the right printer to
choose.
2.
Many programs include an option to set the maximum lines
per page. If your program has a lines-per-page setting and
you are using standard 8l/2 x 11-inch paper, set the lines
per page to 61, except for the Action Printer™ T-1000, for
which you use 58.
Note:
To find the right lines-per-page settingfor paper that is not 8 1/2
x 11, create a test document using your application program. Set
your top and bottom margins to 0 and then create a file of
numbered lines from 1 to 66. When you print your file, notice the
last number printed on the first page. This is your maximum
lines-per-page setting.
3.
6-6
If your program doesn’t have a lines-per-page setting, try
decreasing the top margin or increasing the bottom margin,
or both, until you get the results you want.
Troubleshooting
4.
You can also try adjusting the form length setting. For a
standard 8 l/2 x 11-inch page, try setting the form length at
10 inches.
5.
Some programs also let you indicate whether you are using
single sheets or continuous paper. Make sure you choose
single sheets.
Page length does not match the length of the paper.
Check the page length set by your software and adjust it if
necessary.
If you are using continuous paper, change the page length
using the Default Setting mode. See “Changing the Default
Settings” in Chapter 3.
Regular gaps occur in the printout.
Skip-over-perforation may be on. Set skip-over-perforation to
Off in the Default Setting mode. See “Changing the Default
Settings” in Chapter 3.
Paper Handling
See this section if you have problems with paper.
Single sheets do not feed properly
Paper does not feed.
Continuous paper may be left in the printer. Remove the
continuous paper. Set the paper release lever to the singlesheet position and insert a new sheet.
Troubleshooting 6-7
Paper feeding is crooked or the paper jams.
Turn off the printer and pull out the paper. Insert a new sheet
straight into the paper guide. Be sure you’re using the right
type of paper. See the paper specifications in the Appendix.
Make sure that the printer cover is closed.
Paper does not eject completely.
Use the LF/FF button to eject the page.
Make sure the printer cover is closed.
The paper may be too long. Use paper that is within the
specified range. See the paper specifications in the Appendix.
Continuous paper does not feed proper/y
The tractor does not feed the paper.
Check that the paper release lever is pulled forward to the
continuous paper position. If not, move the lever to the correct
position.
The paper may have come off the tractor. Re-attach the paper
to the tractor.
6-8 Troubleshooting
Paper feeding is crooked or the paper jams.
Make sure the paper guide is in the upright position.
The position of your paper supply may be preventing it from
feeding straight. Make sure the paper supply is not obstructed.
Make sure your paper supply is positioned within 1 meter
(3 feet) of the printer.
Make sure the printer cover is closed.
Check that the holes on the sides of the paper are aligned with
each other. Also, make sure the sprockets are locked and their
covers are closed.
Check that the paper size and thickness are within the specified
ranges. See the paper specifications in the Appendix.
The paper does not eject properly.
Tear off the paper entering the printer, then press the LF/FF or
Load/Eject button to feed the paper forward. See “Tear-Off”
in Chapter 3.
When you switch between single sheets and continuous paper, the
printer beeps several times and the Pause light comes on.
You may have tried to change the paper release lever position
while paper was still in the printer. Return the paper release
lever to the original position and eject the paper. Then change
the lever position.
Troubleshooting
6-9
Options
See this section if you have problems with optional equipment.
The paper does not feed properly with the cut-sheet
feeder
The paper does not feed.
The cut-sheet feeder may be incorrectly installed. Reinstall it as
described in Chapter 4.
You may have loaded too many sheets in the cut-sheet feeder’s
bin. Make sure the bin contains no more than 150 sheets.
Paper may be jammed near the print head. Look for a paper
jam and remove it.
Make sure the edge guide positions on the paper guide of the
cut sheet feeder are correct. Position the edge guides at the
diamond-shaped guide marks.
There may be only one sheet left in the bin. Add more paper.
Two or more sheets feed at one time.
You may have loaded too many sheets in the cut-sheet
feeder’s bin. Make sure the bin contains no more than 150
sheets.
You may have forgotten to fan the stack of paper before
loading it into the bin. Remove the paper, fan it, and re-load it.
6-10 Troubleshooting
The paper feed is crooked.
The paper may be old or creased. Use only new, clean sheets
of paper.
There may be too much paper in the stacker.
Make sure the paper guides are set correctly and your paper is
the proper size and quality. See the Appendix for paper
specifications.
One page of your document has printed on two pages.
Check that the page-length setting and lines-per-page setting in
your software are correct. Also see “Changing the Default
Settings” in Chapter 3.
The desired paper type does not load when switching between the
cut-sheet feeder and the push tractor.
The paper release lever may not be in the proper position. Pull
the lever forward to load continuous paper or push the lever
back to load single sheets.
Troubleshooting
6-11
Continuous paper does not feed proper/y when using
the pull tractor with the push tractor
Paper feed is crooked or the paper jams.
The pull tractor and push tractor sprockets are not aligned
correctly. When using both tractors, be sure that the sprockets
on both are positioned evenly.
The paper may have too much slack. Adjust the position of the
sprockets to take up any slack along the width of the paper.
Remove slack lengthwise by rotating the knob of the pull
tractor.
6-12 Troubleshooting
Appendix
Specifications, Command Summary,
and Character Tables
Printer Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper alignment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printable area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CE marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
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A-2
A-2
A-4
A-7
A-8
A-9
A-10
A-11
A-11
A-12
A-12
Using Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-17
Sending printer commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-17
Using the command summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-17
Commands Arranged by Topic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper feeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print position motion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Font selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Font enhancement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Character handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bit image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Barcode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-18
A-18
A-18
A-19
A-20
A-21
A-23
A-24
A-27
A-27
A-28
A-29
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-32
International Character Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-32
Graphics Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-32
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-1
Printer Specifications
Printing
Printing method:
24-pin impact dot matrix
Printing speed:
Quality
Characters
per inch
Characters/second/line
High speed draft
10
440
Draft
10
12
15
330
396
495
Draft condensed
17
20
283
330
Letter quality
10
12
15
110
132
165
Letter quality
condensed
17
20
189
220
* The paper thickness lever position or an overheated print head may slow
down the printing speed.
A-2
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Printable columns:
Character sizes
Maximum printed
characters per colum
136
16.3
10
12
15
17
cpi
cpi
cpi
cpi condensed
20 cpi condensed
204
233
272
Printing direction:
Bidirectional logic-seeking for text and
graphics
Line spacing:
l/6 inch or programmable in increments
of l/360 inch
Paper feed speed:
45 msec in l/6-inch feed
0.127 m/set. in continuous feed
(5.0 inches/set. in continuous feed)
Buffer:
OK byte or 64K byte*
* Depends on default settings
Character tables:
11 standard, 20 other character tables
Character sets:
14 international character sets and one
legal character set
Bit map fonts:
10 bit map fonts
Scalable fonts:
4 scalable fonts
Barcode fonts
8 fonts
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-3
Paper
Single sheets (CSF):
both front and rear entry
Width:
101 to 420 mm (4.0 to 16.5 inches)
Length:
Front: 147 to 420 mm (5.8 to 16.5 inches)
Rear: 101 to 420 mm (4.0 to 16.5 inches)
Thickness:
0.065 to 0.14 mm (0.0025 to 0.0055 inch)
Weight:
52.3 to 90 g/m (14 to 24 lb)
Single sheets (multipart)*:
2
both front and rear entry
Width:
101 to 420 mm (4.0 to 16.5 inches)
Length:
Front: 147 to 420 mm (5.8 to 16.5 inches)
Rear: 101 to 420 mm (4.0 to 16.5 inches)
Copies:
1 original + 4 copies
Thickness:
0.12 to 0.39 mm (0.0047 to 0.015 inch)
Weight:
40 to 58 g/m (12 to 15 lb)
Jointing:
Line glue at the top or on both sides of form
(single side line glue is available only with
front entry)
2
‘Use under normal operating conditions.
Envelopes*:
rear entry only
Size:
No. 6: 166 x 92 mm (6.5 x 3.6 inches)
No. 10: 240 x 104 mm (9.5 x 4.1 inches)
Thickness:
0.16 to 0.5 mm (0.0063 to 0.0197 inch)
Weight:
45 to 91 g/m (12 to 24 lb)
2
‘Use under normal operating conditions.
A-4
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Postcards*:
both front and rear entry
Width:
100 to 148 mm (3.9 to 5.83 inches)
Length:
Front: 148 mm (5.83 inches)
Rear: 100 to 148 mm (3.94 to 5.83 inches)
Thickness:
0.22 mm (0.0087 inches)
Weight:
192 g/m (51 lb)
2
“Use under normal operating conditions.
Continuous paper
(single sheet and multipart): front, rear, and bottom entry
Width:
101 to 406 mm (4 to 16 inches)
Length:
101 to 559 mm (4 to 22 inches)
Copies:
1 original + 4 copies
Thickness:
0.065 to 0.39 mm (0.0025 to 0.015 inch)
Weight
(not multipart):
52.3 to 82 g/m* (14 to 22 lb)
Weight
(one sheet of multipart):
40 to 58 g/m (12 to 15 lb)
Jointing:
2
Line glue at the top or on both sides of form
Line glue on single side of form (rear entry only)
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-5
Continuous paper
with labels:
Label size:
23.8 x 63.5 mm (15/16 x 2.5 inches) minimum
Base sheet width:
101 to 406 mm (4 to 16 inches)
Base sheet length
(one page):
101 to 406 mm (4 to 16 inches)
Base sheet thickness:
0.07 to 0.09 mm (0.0028 to 0.0035 inch)
Total thickness:
0.16 to 0.19 mm (0.0063 to 0.0075 inch)
Label weight:
68 g/m2 (17 lb)
Roll paper:
A-6
front and bottom entry
rear entry only
Width:
216 ± 3 mm (8.5 ± 0.12 inches)
Thickness:
0.07 to 0.09 mm (0.0028 to 0.0035 inch)
Weight:
52.3 to 82 g/m2 (14 to 22 lb)
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Paper alignment
Front paper alignment
Printing starts at the arrow mark. The unprintable area is to the left of the
arrow mark.
Rear paper alignment
Printing starts at “0” on the scale. The unprintable area is to the left of the
“0”.
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-7
Printable area
Single sheets, envelopes, and postcards:
A The minimum top margin is 4.2 mm.
B The minimum left margin is 3.0 mm.
The minimum right margin is 3.0 mm,
For single sheets, the maximum printable width is 370 mm (14.5 inches).
C The minimum bottom margin is 4.2 mm.
Continuous paper:
A The minimum top and bottom margins above and below the
perforation are 4.2 mm.
B The minimum left and right margins are 13 mm (0.51 inch).
The maximum printable width is 345.2 mm (13.5 inches).
A-8
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Roll paper:
A The minimum top margin is 4.2 mm.
B The minimum left margin is 3.0 mm.
The minimum right margin is 3.0 mm.
The maximum printable width is 203.2 mm (8 inches).
Mechanical
Paper-feed methods:
Friction feed (front and rear)
Push tractor feed (front and rear)
Push/pull tractor
(with optional pull tractor C80032*, front, rear)
Pull sprocket (front, rear, bottom)
Cut-sheet feeder (option C80673*, C80674*)
Ribbon life:
8 million characters (LQ 10 cpi, at 48 dots/
character)
Total print amount:
750 million lines
Print head life:
400 million strokes/wire
Dimensions:
639 mm (W) x 410 mm (D) x 257 mm (H)
Weight:
Approx. 13 kg
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-9
Electrical
120V model:
Rated voltage:
AC 120 V
Input voltage range:
AC 103.5 to 132 V
Rated frequency range:
50 to 60 Hz
Input frequency range:
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
Rated current:
l.0 A*
Power consumption:
Approx. 62 W
(self test in draft mode, 10 cpi)
Insulation resistance:
10M
min (between AC line and
chassis, DC 500 V)
Dielectric strength:
AC 1000 Vrms. 1 min, or
AC 1200 Vrms. 1 sec.
(between AC line and chassis)
*Maximum 2.6 A depending on the character type
230V model:
Rated voltage:
AC 220 to 240 V
Input voltage range:
AC 198 to 264 V
Rated frequency range:
50 to 60 Hz
Input frequency range:
A-10
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
Rated current:
0.5 A*
Power consumption:
Approx. 62 W (self test in draft mode, 10 cpi)
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Insulation resistance:
10 M min. (between AC line and chassis,
DC 500 V)
Dielectric strength:
AC 1500 Vrms. 1 min. (between AC line
and chassis)
*Maximum 1.3 A depending on the character type
Environmental
Temperature:
5 to 35°C (operating, *1)
15 to 25°C (operating, *1, *2)
-30 to 60°C (storage)
Humidity:
10 to 80% RH (operating. *1)
30 to 60% RH (operating, *l, *2)
0 to 85% RH (storage, *1)
Resistance to shock:
1 G, within 1 ms (operating, *3)
2 G, within 2 ms (storage, “3)
Resistance to vibration:
0.25 G, 55 Hz max. (operating)
0.50 G, 55 Hz max. (storage, “3)
*1: without condensation
‘2: when printing multipart papers,
envelopes, postcards, or labels
*3 : in shipping container
Safety approvals
120 V model:
Safety standards:
UL1950 with D3
CSA C22.2 950 with D3
EMI:
FCC part 15 subpart B class B
CSA C108.8
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-11
230 V model:
Safety standards:
EN 60950 (TÜV, SEMKO, DEMKO,
NEMKO, FIMKO)
EMI:
EN 55022 (CISPR pub.22) class B
Acoustic noise:
Level:
Approx. 55 dB (A) (IS0 7779 pattern)
CE marking
230 V model:
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC:
EN60950
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC:
EN55022 class B
EN50082-1
IEC80l -2
IEC801 -3
IEC801-4
Non-Automatic Weighting
Instruments Directive 90/384/EEC:
EN45501
Interface specifications
The printer provides a bidirectional, 8-bit, parallel interface and Type-B
optional interface slot as standard.
A-12
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Parallel interface (forward channel)
Transmission mode:
S-bit parallel, IEEE-P1284 compatibility
mode
Adaptable connector:
57-30360 (Amphenol) or equivalent
Synchronization:
STROBE pulse
Handshaking:
BUSY and ACKNLG signals
Signal level:
TTL compatible (IEEE-P1284 level 1 device)
The following table lists the parallel connector pin assignments and
describes their respective interface signals.
Pin
no.
Signal
name
GND
In/Out
Description
1
STROBE
19
In
Strobe pulse. Input data is
latched at falling edge of the
signal.
2
DATA1
20
In
Bit 0: LSB Parallel input data to
the printer.
3
DATA2
21
In
Bit 1
4
DATA3
22
In
Bit 2
5
DATA4
23
I n
Bit 3
6
DATA5
24
In
Bit 4
7
DATA6
25
In
Bit 5
8
DATA7
26
In
Bit 6
9
DATA8
27
In
Bit 7: MSB
10
ACKNLG
28
Out
This signal (negative pulse)
indicates that the printer has
received data and is ready to
accept more.
11
BUSY
29
Out
A HIGH means that the
printer is not ready to accept
data.
12
PE
28
Out
A HIGH signal means the
printer is out of paper.
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-13
Pin
no.
Signal
name
GND
In/Out
Description
13
SLCT
28
Out
Always HIGH when the printer
is on.
14
AFXT
30
In
Not used.
31
INIT
30
I n
Set LOW to initialize the printer.
32
ERROR
29
Out
This signal is LOW when the
Printer is in an error state.
36
SLIN
30
In
Not used.
18
Logic H
-
Out
This line is pulled up to +5V
through 3.9 k resistance.
35
+5V
-
Out
This line is pulled up to +5V
through 3.3 k resistance.
17
Chassis
-
-
Chassis GND.
16,33,
19-30
GND.
-
-
signal GND
15,34
NC
-
Not connected.
* In/Out shows the direction of signal flow as viewed from the printer.
Parallel interface (reverse channel.
A-14
Transmission mode:
IEEE-P1284 nibble mode
Adaptable connector:
57-30360 (Amphenol) or equivalent
Synchronization:
Refer to the IEEE-P1284 specification
Handshaking:
Refer to the IEEE-P1284 specification
Signal level:
IEEE-P1284 level 1 device
Data transmission
timing:
Refer to the IEEE/P1284 specification
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Extensibility request:
00H:
04H:
The printer responds to the extensibility
request in the affirmative when the
request is 00H or 04H, which means:
Request nibble mode of reverse channel
transfer
Request device ID in nibble mode of
reverse channel transfer
The following table lists the parallel connector pin assignments and
describes their respective interface signals.
Pin
no.
signal name
1
Host Clk
2
In/Out
Description
19
In
Strobe pulse. Input data is
latched at falling edge of the
signal.
DATA 1
20
In
Bit 0, LSB Parallel input data to
the printer.
3
DATA2
21
In
Bit 1
4
DATA3
22
In
Bit 2
5
DATA4
23
In
Bit 3
6
DATA5
24
In
Bit 4
7
DATA6
25
In
Bit 5
8
DATA 7
26
In
Bit 6
9
DATA8
27
In
Bit 7: MSB
10
PtrClk
28
Out
Used to qualify data being
sent to the host. Set LOW then
HIGH to cause an interrupt
indicating to host that data is
available.
11
PtrBusy/
DataBit-3,7
29
Out
Data bits 3 then 7, indicate
forward channel busy status,
12
ACkDataReq/
DataBit-2,6
28
Out
Data bits 2 then 6. Set HIGH
until host requests data
transfer, then follows
nData Avail (nFault).
13
Xflag/
DataBit-1,5
28
Out
Data bits 1 then 5.
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-15
Pin
no.
Signal name
GND
In/Out
Description
HostBusy
30
In
Set LOW to indicate that host
can receive peripheral
device to host data. Then set
high to acknowledge receipt
of that nibble. Set high in
response to PtrClk
(nAck) low pulse to re-enter
reverse data transfer phase.
31
INIT
30
In
Set LOW to initialize the printer.
32
DataAvail/
DataBit-0,4
29
Out
This signal is LOW when the
printer is in an error state.
36
1284-Active
3 0
In
Set HIGH during 1284 mode.
18
Logic H
-
Out
This line is pulled up to +5V
through 3.9 k
resistance.
3 5
+5V
-
Out
This line is pulled up to +5V
through 3.3 k
resistance.
14
Chassis
17
Chassis GND.
16,33, GND
19-30
Signal GND.
15,34
Not connected.
NC
* In/Out shows the direction of signal flow as viewed from the printer
A-16
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Using Commands
Sending printer commands
Most actions your printer performs are controlled by your software.
Software commands instruct the printer to print in a particular typeface,
feed the paper a certain amount after printing each line, start printing on
a particular place on the page, and so on. The commands your printer
recognizes are listed in this command summary.
Some software programs let you send these commands yourself. How
you format commands depends on the software you are using. Some
software programs accept only the decimal format, while others let you
type in ASCII characters. (Some programs don’t let you insert printer
commands at all.) In addition, your software probably specifies certain
punctuation you must use to enter the command. The software manual
should explain the required format and punctuation.
Using the command summary
The following section lists and describes all the commands by topic. If a
command has no parameters, it is merely listed. If it has parameters, they
are explained. The parameters are indicated by lowercase italicized
letters, usually n. The examples below show how the parameters are
indicated.
ESC @ is a command with no parameters
ESC U 1/0 is a command that uses 1 to turn the feature on and 0 to turn it
Off.
ESC K nl n2 is a command with two parameters.
ESC D nn is a command with a variable number of parameters.
For further information about using printer commands, see the
comprehensive ESC/P Reference Manual published by EPSON.
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-17
Commands Arranged by Topic
General operation
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC @
64
40
Initialize Printer
ESC U l/0
85
55
Turn Unidirectional Mode On/Off
ESC EM n
25
19
Control Paper Loading/Ejecting
n = “1” Select bin 1 of CSF
n = “2” Select bin 2 of CSF
n = “R” Eject a sheet
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
CR
13
OD
Carriage Return
FF
12
oc
Form Feed
LF
10
OA
Line Feed
ESC 0
48
30
Select 1/8-inch Line Spacing
ESC 2
50
32
Select l/6-inch Line Spacing
ESC 3 n
51
33
Set n/180-inch Line Spacing
ESC + n
43
2B
Set n/360-inch Line Spacing
Paper feeding
A-18
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Page format
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC l n
108
6C
Set Left Margin
n = left margin column
ESC Q n
81
51
Set Right Margin
n = right margin column
ESC ( c nn
40 99
28 63
Set Page Format
ESC ( c 4 0 m1 m2 n1 n2
m = m1 + m2 x 256
m: Top margin in defined units
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Bottom margin in defined units
ESC ( C nn
40 67
28 43
Set Page Length in Defined Units
ESC ( C 2 0 n1 n2
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Number of defined units
ESC C n
67
43
Set Page Length in Lines
n = number of lines
ESC C 0 n
67
43
Set Page Length in Inches
n = number of inches
ESC N n
78
4E
Set Bottom Margin for
Continuous Paper
n = number of lines
ESC O
79
4F
Cancel Bottom Margin for
Continuous Paper
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-19
Print position motion
ASCII
Dec.
Hex,
Description
ESC $ n1 n2
36
24
Set Absolute Horizontal Print
Position
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Specifies print position from left
margin in defined units
Before you define the unit, the
default is l/60-inch for this
command.
ESC \ nl n2
92
5C
Set Relative Horizontal Print
Position
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
Before you define the unit, the
default is l/120-inch in draft and
1/180-inch in LQ for this
command.
ESC ( V nn
40 86
28 56
Set Absolute Vertical Print
Position
ESC (V 2 0 nl n2
n=n1+n2x256
n: Specifies print position from top
margin in defined units
A-20
ESC ( v nn
40 118
28 76
Set Relative Vertical Print
Position
ESC(v20nln2
n=n1+n2x256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
ESC D nn
68
44
Set Horizontal Tabs
Up to 32 tabs entered in ascending
order; terminated by 0
HT
9
09
Tab Horizontally
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC B nn
66
42
Set Vertical Tabs
Up to 16 tabs; last n should be 0
VT
11
OB
Tab Vertically
ESC J n
74
4A
Perform n/180-inch Line Feed
Font selection
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC k n
107
6B
Select Typeface
n = 0: Roman 7: Orator
1: Sans Serif 8: Orator-S
2: Courier 9: Script C
3: Prestige 10: Roman T
4: Script 11: Sans Serif H
5: OCR-B
ESC X m nn
88
58
Select Font by Pitch and Point
ESC X m n1 n2
m: Set pitch to 360/m cpi
m = 0 : No change in pitch
m = 1 : Select proportional
m = 0, 1, 18, 21, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 60,
or 72
n: Set point size in 0.5 points
Total points = (n1 + n2 x 256)x 0.5
n = 0 : No change in point
n = 0, 16, 20, 21, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 42,
44, 48, 52, 56, 60, or 64
(for Roman, Sans Serif, Roman T,
and Sans Serif H)
n = 0, 21, 42 (for other typefaces)
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-21
A-22
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC P
80
50
Select 10.5 point, 10 cpi
ESC M
77
4D
Select 10.5 point, 12 cpi
ESC g
103
67
Select 10.5 point, 15 cpi
ESC p 1/0
112
70
Turn Proportional Mode On/Off
ESC x n
120
78
Select Letter Quality or Draft
n = 0: Draft 1: Letter Quality
ESC 4
52
34
Select Italic Font
ESC 5
53
35
Cancel Italic Font
ESC E
69
45
Select Bold Font
ESC F
70
46
Cancel Bold Font
ESC ! n
33
21
Master Select
To find the value of n add together
the numbers of the typestyles you
want to combine from the list below:
n=0: l0cpi 16: double-strike
1: 12 cpi 32: double-width
2: prop.64:
italic
4: cond. 128: underline
8: bold
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Font enhancement
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
SI
15
OF
Select Condensed Printing
DC2
18
12
Cancel Condensed Printing
so
14
OE
Select Double-Width Printing (one line)
ESC W l/0
87
57
Turn Double-Width Printing On/Off
DC4
20
14
Cancel Double-Width Printing (one line)
ESC - 1/0
45
2D
Turn Underline On/Off
ESC w l/0
119
77
Turn Double-Height Printing On/Off
ESC G
71
47
Select Double-Strike Printing
ESC H
72
48
Cancel Double-Strike Printing
ESCSO
83
53
Select Superscript Printing
ESC S l
83
53
Select Subscript Printing
ESC T
84
54
Cancel Superscript/Subscript
Printing
ESC q n
113
71
Select Character Style
n = 0: Normal style
1: Outline
2: Shadow
3: Outline with shadow
ESC ( - nn
40 45
28 2D
Select Line/Score
ESC ( - 3 0 1 nl n2
nl = 1: Underline
n1 = 2: Strikethrough
nl = 3: Overscore
n2 = 0: Cancel score line selected by
nl
n2 = 1: Single continuous line
n2 = 2: Double continuous line
n2 = 5: Single broken line
n2 = 6: Double broken line
Specifications,
Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-23
Character handing
A-24
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC : 0 n 0
58
3A
Copy ROM to RAM
n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 9
II: Typeface
ESC R n
82
52
Select an International Char. Set
8: Japan
n=0: USA
9: Norway
1: France
10: Den. II
2: Germany
11: Spain II
3: UK
4: Denmark
12: L. Amer.
13: Korea
5: Sweden
64: Legal
6: Italy
7: Spain
ESC & nn
38
26
Define User-Defined Character
ESC & 0 nl n2 d0 dl d2 data
nl = first character number
n2 = last character number
d0 = left space of character
dl = body width of character
d2 = right space of character
data: 3 bytes required for each
column; super/subscripts require
only 2 bytes per column
ESC % n
37
25
Select User-Defined Set
n = 0: Normal set
1: User-defined set
ESC (ˆ nn
40 94
28 5E
Print Data as Characters
ESC (^ nl n2 data
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: amount of data
data: print n bytes of data as
characters
Specifications,
Command Summary, and Character Tables
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC t n
116
74
Select Character Table
Select character table n assigned
by ESC ( t
n = 0, 1, 2, 3, “1”, “2”, or “3”
n = 2: Remaps downloaded
characters from 0-127
to 128-255
ESC 6
54
36
Enable Printing of Upper
Control Codes
With graphics character tables this
command enables the printing of
codes 128-159
ESC 7
55
37
Enable Upper Control Codes
Cancels ESC 6
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-25
ASCII
ESC ( t nn
A-26
Dec.
Hex.
40 116 28 74
Description
Assign Character Table
ESC ( t 3 0 dl d2 d3
Assign Character Table set by d2 and
d3 to d1
d1 = 0, 1, 2, 3, “0”, “l”, “2”, or “3”
d2
Character Table
d3
0
Italic
0
1
0
PC 437
1
PC 437 Greek*
10
24
PC 774*
0
3
0
PC 850
A
PC 852*
10
5
PC 853*
0
6
0
PC 855*
B
0
PC 857*
7
PC 860
0
18
0
PC 861
8
PC 863
0
D
0
PC 864*
9
0
PC 865
E
0
PC 866*
E
PC 866 LAT*
20
F
0
PC 869*
19
0
BRASCII
1A
0
Abicomp
7F
ISO Latin 1
1
1F
ISO Latin lT*
0
7F
ISO Latin 2*
2
ISO 8859-7*
1D
7
1B
0
MAZOWIA*
1C
0
Code MJK*
20
0
Bulgaria*
25
Estonia*
0
23
Roman 8
0
*Available in certain areas.
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Spacing
Hex.
Description
ESC c nl n2 99
63
Set Horizontal Motion Index
(HMI) Change Pitch in n/360-inch
units
Total units = nl + n2 x 256
ESC SP n
32
20
Set Intercharacter Space
n = number of units of space added to
the space between characters
Units are l/120 inch (draft) and
l/180 inch (LQ and proportional)
ESC ( U nn
40 85
28 55
Define Unit
ESC ( U 1 0 n
Define positioning unit as n/3600 inch
n = 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, or 60
n = 10; default
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC . nn
46
2E
Print Raster Graphics
ESC c v h m n1 n2 data
c = 0: Full graphics mode
1: Compressed mode
v = 10, 20: Dot density for vertical in
3600/v DPI
h = 10, 20: Dot density for horizontal
in 3600/h DPI
m: Number of vertical dots
Total dots = nl + n2 x 256
ESC ( G nn
40 71
28 47
Select Graphics Mode
ESC ( G l 0 n
n = 1, or 49
Dec.
ASCII
Graphics
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-27
Bit image
Dec.
ASCII
ESC * nn
A-28
42
Hex.
Description
2A
Select Bit Image
ESC * m nl n2 data
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Total columns
Total data = (nl + n2 x 256) x f
m
Horizontal
density (dpi)
Vertical
density (dpi)
Pins
Adjacent
dot printing
t
0
60
60
8
enable
1
1
120
60
8
enable
1
2
120
60
8
disable
1
3
240
60
8
disable
1
4
80
60
8
enable
1
6
90
60
8
enable
1
32
60
180
24
enable
3
33
120
180
24
enable
3
38
90
180
24
enable
3
39
180
180
24
enable
3
40
360
180
24
disable
3
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
Barcode
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC ( B mn
40 66
28 42
Select Barcode Printing
ESC ( B nl n2 k m s v1 v2 c data
n = (nl + (256 x n2))
k: Select Barcode
k=0: EAN-13
1: EAN-8
2: Interleaved 2 of 5
3: UPC-A
4: U P C - E
5: Code 39
6: Code 128
7: POSTNET
m: Module width (180 dpi)
m = 2: 2 dots
3: 3 dots
4: 4 dots
5: 5 dots
s: Space adjustment value
-3
s 3 (1/360 inch units)
v1, v2: Bar length
v1 + v2 x 256 (l/180-inch units)
The v1 and v2 values are ignored
when POSTNET is selected.
The long bar length of POSTNET
is always 0.125 inch; the short
bar length is always 0.050 inch.
Specifications, Command Summa y, and Character Tables
A-29
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
c: Control flag
Bit 0 = Check digit
0: A check digit is not added
by the printer
1: A check digit is added by the
printer
Bit 1 = Human readable character
(HRC)
0: The HRC is added by the
printer
1: The HRC is not added by the
printer
Bit 2 = Position of flag character
(for EAN-13 and UPC-A only)
0: Center
1: Under
Bits 3-7 = Not used
Barcode data
Barcode data corresponds to the barcode symbology. The data number of
each barcode type is constant, The barcode is not printed if the following
valid characters are not set.
Barcode Type
Number of valid
characters 1 (HEX)
Number of valid
characters 2 (HEX)
EAN-13
EAN-8
Interleaved 2 of 5
UPC-A
UPC-E
Code 39
Code 128
POSTNET
OD
8
2 to FF
oc
0C or 8
1 to FF
2 to FF
6 or 0A or 0C
oc
7
2 to FF
OB
0B or 7
1 to FF
2 to FF
5 or 9 or OB
Number of valid characters 1: Control flag c b0=0
Number of valid characters 2: Control flag c b0=l
A-30
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
The valid data of each barcode type is described below. If invalid data is
included in the barcode data string, the barcode is not printed
Barcode Type
Barcode Data
EAN13
EAN-8
UPC-A
UPC-E
Interleaved 2 of 5
POSTNET
Code 39
O-9 (Hex 30-39)
O-9 (Hex 30-39)
O-9 (Hex 30-39)
O-9 (Hex 30-39)
O-9 (Hex 30-39)
O-9 (Hex 30-39)
O-9 (Hex 30-39). (Hex 41-5A). (Hex 20, 24, 25,
2B, 2D, 2E, 2F)
Set A, Set B, Set C
Code 128
The following conditions are required for barcode printing.
Barcode printing is always performed unidirectionally. However,
when it is mixed with raster bit image data, neither barcode nor
raster bit image is printed.
A barcode is not printed when part of the barcode extends beyond
the right margin.
When barcode data and text data are mixed in a data sequence,
barcode and text are printed in the same place.
The initial data of Code 128 (Set A, B, or C) is identified as the
firstdata of Code 128, and must be hexadecimal (41, 42, and 43
respectively).
When Code 128 Set C and Interleaved 2 of 5 are selected, barcode
data requires an even number data string. However, if an odd
number string is sent, a 0 is automatically added, making it an even
number data string.
The barcode print start position is always 40/360 inch above the
baseline.
Specifications, Command Summary, and Character Tables
A-31
Character Tables
International Character Sets
Country
ASCII code hex
23 24 40 5B 5C 5D 6E 60 7B 7C 7D 7E
USA
France
Germany
UK
Denmark
Sweden
Italy
Spain
Graphics Character Tables
PC 437 (United States)
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A-32
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
PC 850
PC 860
PC 863
PC 865
A-33
Roman 8
HexCode 0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
PC 437 Greek
PC 852
A-35
PC 853
PC 855
PC 857
PC864
A-36
PC 866
PC 869
ISO Latin IT
IS0 8859-7
A-37
MAZOWIA
Code MJK
Bulgaria
Estonia
A-38
PC 774
IS0 Latin 2
PC 866 LAT
Italic
A-39
Index
Command descriptions are not indexed here. For information on specific
commands, see the Appendix.
A
Adjusting the loading position,
3-13-14
AGM (Alternate Graphic Mode), 3-12
Application software, 1-15
Auto carriage return, 3-12
Auto line feed, 3-11
Auto tear-off, 3-11, 3-16
B
Barcode
command, A-29-30
fonts, 3-18, A-30
printing, 3-18, A-30-31
Baud rate, 4-14
Bi-d adjustment, 3-17
Bidirectional printing, 3-10
Bins, 3-3, 4-2, 4-6
Buttons, 3-4-6
Buzzer (Beep), 3-13
Commands
barcode, A-29-30
ESC/P 2, 1, A-18-30
Connecting the printer, 1-10
Continuous paper, 2-8-23
advancing to tear-off position,
3-17
loading, 2-12-22
problems, 6-12
switching to or from cut-sheet
feeder, 4-6-7
switching to or from single
sheets, 2-24-25
unloading, 2-23
Control panel, 3-2-6
Cut-sheet feeders, 4-2-7
double bin, 4-6
high capacity, 4-2-5
problems, 6-7-11
second bin, 4-2-7
switching to continuous paper,
4-6-7
C
D
Cable, connecting, 1-13-14
Cards. See Interface cards or
Postcards
Character
fonts, 3-3
pitch, 3-4
tables, 3-8-9, A-32-39
Cleaning the printer, 5-2
Data dump, 3-6
Default setting mode, 3-7-12
instruction sheet language, 3-7
DOS. See Software
Double bin cut-sheet feeder, 4-6
Draft, 2-10, 3-5
Drivers. See Printer drivers
Index IN-1
E
L
Edge guides, 1-12-13, 2-4
front, 2-6
Eject. See Load/Eject button
Envelopes, 2-29, 4-7
EPSON Calibration, 1-20
EPSON Remote!, 1-18-19
ESC /P 2, 1, A-18-30
Labels, 2-28
Letter quality, 3-19
Lever
paper release, 2-2
paper thickness, 2-26
LF/FF button, 3-5
Lights, 3-2-3
Load/Eject button, 3-4
Loading paper
continuous paper, 2-12-22
cut-sheet feeder, 4-4
envelopes, 2-29
labels, 2-28
multipart form, 2-27
postcards, 2-29
single sheets, 2-3-7
Location for printer, 1-2-3
F
Feeders. See Cut-sheet feeders,
Tractor positions
Feeding problems, 6-7-11
FF button. See LF/FF button
Font
button, 3-5
lights, 3-3
Front edge guide, 2-6
Front paper guide, 2-6, 2-12, 2-14
Functions (table), 3-8-9
G
Graphics character tables, A-32-39
H
Handshake timing, 4-14
High capacity cut-sheet feeder, 4-2-5
High speed draft, 3-10
M
Microsoft Windows. See Windows
Micro Adjust button, 3-4
Micro adjust feature, 3-13-14
Moving the printer, 5-2
Multipart forms, 2-27
N
Non-Windows software, 1-17
0
I
IBM emulation, 1, 3-10
Interface cards, 4-12-14
International character sets, A-32
Italic character table, A-39
IN-2
Index
Operate button, 3-4-5
Options, 2,4-2-14
P
Paper,
continuous. See Continuous paper
envelopes, 2-29
feeding methods, 2-2-23
labels, 2-28
multipart forms, 2-27
postcards, 2-29
removing from tractor, 2-23
reverse feeding caution, 2-23
roll, 2-29, 4-9-11
single-sheets. See single-sheet
paper
special, 2-25-29
switching between continuous
and single sheets, 2-24-25
Paper guide, 1-9
Paper Out light, 3-2
Paper release lever, 2-2, 2-8
Paper tension unit, 2-11
Paper thickness lever, 2-26
Pause
button, 3-4, 3-6
light, 3-2
Pitch
button, 3-5-6
light, 3-5
Placement of printer, 1-2-3
Plugging in the printer, 1-10
Postcards, 2-29
Power cord, 1-4
plugging in, 1-10
Power supply problems, 6-2-3,
Print head warning, 2-11
Print quality problems, 6-4-7
Printer drivers
DOS software, 1-17-18
installing, 1-15
settings, 1-15-16
Printer functions table, 3-8-9
Printer stand, 1-3
Printer utilites, 1-18-20
Problem solving, 6-1-11
Protective materials, saving, 1-4
Pull tractor, 2-3, 2-8, 2-19-21, 4-8
Push tractor, 2-3, 2-8, 2-12-18
Push/pull tractor, 2-22-23, 4-8-9
R
Release lever. See Paper release lever
Ribbon cartridge
installing 1-5-9
replacing 5-3
Ribbon pack, 5-3
Roll paper, 2-29, 4-9-11
holder, 4-9-11
S
Safety instructions, vii, viii
Second bin cut-sheet feeder, 4-2
Self test, 1-10-13
Shield plate, 4-13
Single-sheet paper, 2-3-7, 4-7
loading from front, 2-6-7
loading from top, 2-3-5
Skip-over-perforation, 3-11
Software
DOS, 1-17-18
setting up, 1-15-16
Windows, 1-15-16
Special paper, 2-25-29
Specifications, A-1-39
Index IN-3
T
Tear Off/Bin
button, 3-5
light, 3-2
Tear off feature, 3-16-17
auto tear off, 3-16-17
Testing the printer, 1-10-13
Tractor positions
changing, 2-9-11
front push, 2-3, 2-8, 2-12-15
pull, 2-3, 2-8, 2-19-21, 4-8
push/pull, 2-8, 2-22-23, 4-8-9
rear push, 2-3, 2-8, 2-15-18
selecting, 2-8-9
Transporting the printer, 5-4
Troubleshooting, 6-2-12
Unidirectional printing, 3-10
Unpacking the printer, 1-4
Utilities
EPSON Calibration, 1-20
EPSON Remote!, 1-18
V
Voltage, caution, 1-4, 1-10
W
Weight, A-9
Windows, 1-1 1-15-16
installing printer driver, 1-15
IN-4 Index