Yamaha MOTIF-RACK ES Owner`s manual

TONE GENERATOR
OWNER’S MANUAL
EN
SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
This product utilizes batteries or an external power supply (adapter). DO
NOT connect this product to any power supply or adapter other than one
described in the manual, on the name plate, or specifically recommended by Yamaha.
WARNING: Do not place this product in a position where anyone could
walk on, trip over, or roll anything over power or connecting cords of any
kind. The use of an extension cord is not recommended! If you must use
an extension cord, the minimum wire size for a 25’ cord (or less) is 18
AWG. NOTE: The smaller the AWG number, the larger the current handling capacity. For longer extension cords, consult a local electrician.
This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a
cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is
used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that accompany the accessory product.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE:
The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the
time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to change or modify
any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update existing
units.
This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speaker/s, may be capable of producing sound levels that
could cause permanent hearing loss. DO NOT operate for long periods
of time at a high volume level or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you
experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, you should consult an
audiologist.
IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the time period before
damage occurs.
Some Yamaha products may have benches and / or accessory mounting
fixtures that are either supplied with the product or as optional accessories. Some of these items are designed to be dealer assembled or
installed. Please make sure that benches are stable and any optional fixtures (where applicable) are well secured BEFORE using.
Benches supplied by Yamaha are designed for seating only. No other
uses are recommended.
Battery Notice:
This product MAY contain a small non-rechargeable battery which (if
applicable) is soldered in place. The average life span of this type of battery is approximately five years. When replacement becomes necessary,
contact a qualified service representative to perform the replacement.
This product may also use “household” type batteries. Some of these
may be rechargeable. Make sure that the battery being charged is a
rechargeable type and that the charger is intended for the battery being
charged.
When installing batteries, do not mix batteries with new, or with batteries
of a different type. Batteries MUST be installed correctly. Mismatches or
incorrect installation may result in overheating and battery case rupture.
Warning:
Do not attempt to disassemble, or incinerate any battery. Keep all batteries away from children. Dispose of used batteries promptly and as regulated by the laws in your area. Note: Check with any retailer of
household type batteries in your area for battery disposal information.
Disposal Notice:
Should this product become damaged beyond repair, or for some reason
its useful life is considered to be at an end, please observe all local,
state, and federal regulations that relate to the disposal of products that
contain lead, batteries, plastics, etc. If your dealer is unable to assist
you, please contact Yamaha directly.
NAME PLATE LOCATION:
The name plate is located on the top panel of the product. The name
plate lists the product’s model number, power requirements, and other
information. The serial number is located on the rear panel. Please
record the model number, serial number, and date of purchase in the
spaces provided below, and keep this manual as a permanent record of
your purchase.
NOTICE:
Service charges incurred due to a lack of knowledge relating to how a
function or effect works (when the unit is operating as designed) are not
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, and are therefore the owners
responsibility. Please study this manual carefully and consult your dealer
before requesting service.
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:
Yamaha strives to produce products that are both user safe and environmentally friendly. We sincerely believe that our products and the production methods used to produce them, meet these goals. In keeping with
both the letter and the spirit of the law, we want you to be aware of the
following:
92-BP (others)
2
Model
Serial No.
Purchase Date
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not
expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted by
the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/
or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s
supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation
instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC
authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the
requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B” digital
devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a residential
environment will not result in harmful interference with other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio frequencies
and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in
the users manual, may cause interference harmful to the operation
of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does
not guarantee that interference will not occur in all installations. If
this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be
determined by turning the unit “OFF” and “ON”, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by
the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or
fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the
antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the
lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results,
please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type of
product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division,
6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA90620
The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed by
Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
(class B)
COMPLIANCE INFORMATION STATEMENT
(DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY PROCEDURE)
Responsible Party :
Address :
Telephone :
Type of Equipment :
Model Name :
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620
714-522-9011
TONE GENERATOR
MOTIF-RACK XS
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2) this device must accept any interference received including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
See user manual instructions if interference to radio reception is suspected.
* This applies only to products distributed by
YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
(FCC DoC)
IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM
Connecting the Plug and Cord
IMPORTANT. The wires in this mains lead are coloured in accordance
with the following code:
BLUE
: NEUTRAL
BROWN : LIVE
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this apparatus may not
correspond with the coloured makings identifying the terminals in your
plug proceed as follows:
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal
which is marked with the letter N or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured RED.
Making sure that neither core is connected to the earth terminal of the
three pin plug.
• This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha Music U.K. Ltd.
(2 wires)
OBSERVERA!
Apparaten kopplas inte ur växelströmskällan (nätet) så länge som den
ar ansluten till vägguttaget, även om själva apparaten har stängts av.
ADVARSEL: Netspæendingen til dette apparat er IKKE afbrudt,
sålæenge netledningen siddr i en stikkontakt, som er t endt — også
selvom der or slukket på apparatets afbryder.
VAROITUS: Laitteen toisiopiiriin kytketty käyttökytkin ei irroita koko
laitetta verkosta.
(standby)
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
3
PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
* Please keep this manual in a safe place for future reference.
WARNING
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death from electrical
shock, short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Power supply/AC power adaptor
Water warning
• Only use the voltage specified as correct for the instrument. The required
voltage is printed on the name plate of the instrument.
• Use the specified adaptor (PA-301, PA-300B, or an equivalent recommended by
Yamaha) only. Using the wrong adaptor can result in damage to the instrument
or overheating.
• Check the electric plug periodically and remove any dirt or dust which may have
accumulated on it.
• Do not place the AC adaptor cord near heat sources such as heaters or radiators,
and do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord, place heavy objects
on it, or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip over, or roll
anything over it.
• Do not expose the instrument to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet
conditions, or place containers on it containing liquids which might spill into
any openings. If any liquid such as water seeps into the instrument, turn off the
power immediately and unplug the power cord from the AC outlet. Then have
the instrument inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• Never insert or remove an electric plug with wet hands.
Fire warning
• Do not put burning items, such as candles, on the unit.
A burning item may fall over and cause a fire.
If you notice any abnormality
Do not open
• Do not open the instrument or attempt to disassemble the internal parts or
modify them in any way. The instrument contains no user-serviceable parts. If it
should appear to be malfunctioning, discontinue use immediately and have it
inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
• If the AC adaptor cord or plug becomes frayed or damaged, or if there is a
sudden loss of sound during use of the instrument, or if any unusual smells or
smoke should appear to be caused by it, immediately turn off the power switch,
disconnect the adaptor plug from the outlet, and have the instrument inspected
by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage
to the instrument or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Power supply/AC power adaptor
• When removing the electric plug from the instrument or an outlet, always hold
the plug itself and not the cord.
• Unplug the AC power adaptor when not using the instrument, or during
electrical storms.
• Do not connect the instrument to an electrical outlet using a multiple-connector.
Doing so can result in lower sound quality, or possibly cause overheating in the
outlet.
Location
• Do not expose the instrument to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme cold or
heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the day) to
prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal
components.
• Do not place the instrument in an unstable position where it might accidentally
fall over.
• Before moving the instrument, remove all connected adaptor and other cables.
• When setting up the product, make sure that the AC outlet you are using is
easily accessible. If some trouble or malfunction occurs, immediately turn off
the power switch and disconnect the plug from the outlet. Even when the power
switch is turned off, electricity is still flowing to the product at the minimum
level. When you are not using the product for a long time, make sure to unplug
the power cord from the wall AC outlet.
• Use only the rack specified for the instrument. When attaching the stand or rack,
use the provided screws only. Failure to do so could cause damage to the
internal components or result in the instrument falling over.
• Do not use the instrument in the vicinity of a TV, radio, stereo equipment,
mobile phone, or other electric devices. Otherwise, the instrument, TV, or radio
may generate noise.
4
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
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Connections
Saving data
• Before connecting the instrument to other electronic components, turn off the
power for all components. Before turning the power on or off for all
components, set all volume levels to minimum. Also, be sure to set the volumes
of all components at their minimum levels and gradually raise the volume
controls while playing the instrument to set the desired listening level.
Saving and backing up your data
For instruments with DRAM (RAM that does not retain data)
• DRAM data (see page 48) is lost when you turn off the power to the instrument.
Save the data to the flash ROM (see page 48)/ external device such as a
computer.
Saved data to the flash ROM may be lost due to malfunction or incorrect
operation. Save important data to external device such as a computer.
Maintenance
• When cleaning the instrument, use a soft, dry cloth. Do not use paint thinners,
solvents, cleaning fluids, or chemical-impregnated wiping cloths.
Handling caution
• Do not insert a finger or hand in any gaps on the instrument.
• Never insert or drop paper, metallic, or other objects into the gaps on the panel.
If this happens, turn off the power immediately and unplug the power cord from
the AC outlet. Then have the instrument inspected by qualified Yamaha service
personnel.
• Never attempt to turn off the power while data is being written to Flash ROM
(while an “Executing...” or “Please keep power on” message is shown). Turning
the power off in this state results in loss of all user data and may cause the
system to freeze (due to corruption of data in the Flash ROM). This means that
this tone generator may not be able to start up properly, even when turning the
power on next time.
Backing up the external media
• To protect against data loss through media damage, we recommend that you
save your important data onto two external media.
• Do not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the instrument, since this might
discolor the panel or keyboard.
• Do not rest your weight on, or place heavy objects on the instrument, and do not
use excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors.
• Do not use the instrument/device or headphones for a long period of time at a
high or uncomfortable volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing
loss. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a
physician.
Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the instrument, or data that is lost or destroyed.
Always turn the power off when the instrument is not in use.
Even when the power switch is in the “STANDBY” position, electricity is still flowing to the instrument at the minimum level. When you are not using the instrument for a long
time, make sure you unplug the AC power adaptor from the wall AC outlet.
About the latest Firmware Version
Yamaha may from time to time update firmware of the product and the other associated software without notice for improvement. We recommend that you check
our web site for later releases and upgrade your firmware of the MOTIF-RACK XS or the associated software.
http://www.yamahasynth.com/
Note that the explanations in this Owner’s Manual apply to the version of firmware when this Owner’s Manual was produced. For details about the additional
functions due to later releases, refer to the above website.
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MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
5
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the Yamaha MOTIF-RACK XS Tone Generator.
In order to get the best use out of your new MOTIF-RACK XS and fully take advantage of its many
sophisticated features and functions, we urge you to read the manual carefully, and keep it in a safe, readily
accessible location for future reference.
Accessories
■ AC Power Adaptor (PA-301, PA-300B or an equivalent)*
■ Owner's manual (this book)
■ Data List
■ Disk x 1 (containing DAW software)
* May not be included in your area. Please check with your Yamaha dealer.
About the Accessory Disk
SPECIAL NOTICE
• The
software included in the accessory disk and the copyrights thereof are under exclusive ownership by
Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH.
• Use of the software and this manual is governed by the license agreement which the purchaser fully agrees to upon
breaking the seal of the software packaging. (Please read carefully the Software Licensing Agreement at the end of
this manual before installing the application.)
• Copying of the software or reproduction of this manual in whole or in part by any means is expressly forbidden
without the written consent of the manufacturer.
• Yamaha makes no representations or warranties with regard to the use of the software and documentation and
cannot be held responsible for the results of the use of this manual and the software.
• This disk is NOT for audio/visual purpose. Do not attempt to play the disk on an audio/visual CD/DVD player. Doing
so may result in irreparable damage to your player.
• Note that Yamaha does not offer technical support for the DAW software in the accessory disk.
About the DAW software in the accessory disk
The accessory disk contains DAW software both for Windows and Macintosh.
n • Make sure to install DAW software under the “Administrator” account.
• In order to have continuous use of the DAW software in the accessory disk, including support and other benefits, you will need to register the
software and activate your software license by starting it while the computer is connected to the Internet. Click the “Register Now” button
shown when the software is started, then fill in all required fields for registration. If you do not register the software, you will be unable to use it
after a limited period of time expires.
• If you are using a Macintosh computer, double-click the “***.pkg” file to start installation.
For information about the minimum system requirements and latest information on the software in the disk,
check the web site below.
<http://www.yamahasynth.com/>
About software support
Support for the DAW software in the accessory disk is provided by Steinberg on its website at the following
address.
http://www.steinberg.net
You can visit the Steinberg site also via the Help menu of the included DAW software. (The Help menu also
includes the PDF manual and other information on the software.)
6
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Main Features
■ Wide range of dynamic and authentic Voices—in a 1U rack-mounted tone generator
• Wide
range of dynamic and authentic Voices of the original top-of-the-line Yamaha MOTIF XS Synthesizer—to
give you whatever sound you need, for any musical style.
• Comprehensive effect processing, including Insertion Effects for up to eight Parts, independent three-band Part
Equalizers for each Part, high-quality Reverb Effects and VCM Effects, provides pro-level sound enhancement
for your music creation and performance.
■ Simple, intuitive panel layout
A detailed 160x64 dot graphic display provides comprehensive and easy-to-understand control over virtually all
operations. Use the various buttons and the Encoder Knob to quickly and easily edit any of the parameters.
■ Large selection of versatile, instantly selectable multiple Voice setups—Multi Mode (page 35)
The MOTIF-RACK XS also features 128 different Multis, each specially programmed with its own effect, equalizer
and other settings, and each designed particularly for a specific style of music or application—letting you
quickly and easily call up the settings you need.
■ Powerful Arpeggio feature with four different types (page 40)
Arpeggio automatically plays a variety of sequenced phrases in response to the keys you play. This function is
especially powerful with Drum Voices—letting you easily call up various rhythm patterns at the touch of a key,
and providing instant inspiration for your performance. With Normal Voices, Arpeggio changes harmonically
according to the chords you play, helping you as you compose or perform. Up to four Arpeggios can be running
simultaneously, and of course, in perfect sync. Accent feature and Random SFX feature give you even greater
expressive, realtime control over Arpeggio playback.
■ Five Knobs (page 29)
Comprehensive control with five knobs lets you adjust parameter values in real time, including the Effect settings
applied to the Voice and Multi, allowing you to change the sound dynamically as you perform or record.
■ Wide variety of input/output terminals (page 12)
Equipped with an extensive set of terminals, including ASSIGNABLE OUTPUT jacks, DIGITAL OUT terminal,
MIDI terminals, mLAN terminals (when the optional mLAN16E2 is installed) and USB terminals.
■ Quick Setup for using a computer (page 101)
This function lets you instantly reconfigure the MOTIF-RACK XS for different computer/sequencer related
applications by calling up specially programmed presets.
■ Editor software for the MOTIF-RACK XS (page 23)
The instrument is also compatible with the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor—a comprehensive, easy-to-use editing
software program that lets you edit (via USB connection) the Voices of the MOTIF-RACK XS, including the
Element/Key parameters, Multis used for sequencer playback and Quick Setup parameters for use with a
computer. The MOTIF-RACK XS Editor is free and can be downloaded from the Yamaha website.
■ Integration with Cubase (page 24)
The MOTIF-RACK XS is specially designed to work seamlessly with Cubase, Steinberg’s full-featured DAW
software—giving you a comprehensive, all-in-one music production system, in which hardware and software are
fully integrated.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
7
How to Use the Manual
The documentation for MOTIF-RACK XS consists of the following booklets.
■ Owner’s Manual (this book)
The Controls & Connectors (page 10)
This section lists and explains the panel controls (such as LCD and buttons) and the connectors of the rear
panel.
Setting Up (page 13)
This section covers how to set up this instrument before turning the power on.
Listening to the Sound (page 15)
This section shows you how to play the Demo Songs and Audition Phrases. We recommend you take time and
listen to these, to hear the high-quality sounds of the MOTIF-RACK XS and its enormous capabilities.
Connections (page 17)
This section shows how to connect the MOTIF-RACK XS to various external devices.
Using a Computer (page 22)
This section shows you how to use the instrument with software programs such as Cubase and the MOTIF-RACK
XS Editor.
Quick Guide (page 25)
This section explains the basic functions of the MOTIF-RACK XS and shows you how to get star ted using it as
quickly as possible.
Basic Structure (page 49)
This section provides a detailed overview of all of the main functions and features of this instrument, and shows
how they fit together.
Reference (page 64)
This section explains the parameters in the various modes of the MOTIF-RACK XS and MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Appendix (page 104)
This section contains detailed information about this instrument, including Display Messages, instructions for
Installing the optional mLAN16E2, Troubleshooting, and Specifications.
■ Data List (separate booklet)
This contains various important lists such as the Voice List, Waveform List, Multi List, MIDI Data Format, etc.
■ Arpeggio Type List (separate online documentation)
This contains the Arpeggio Type List. This special online documentation can be downloaded from the Manual
Library site. For details about how to use this List, see page 54.
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/manual/
Various pages and menus appear on the LCD of this instrument depending the selected mode or function. Throughout
this manual, arrows are used in the instructions, indicating in shorthand the process of calling up certain displays and
functions. For example, the instructions below indicate to: 1) press the [VOICE] button, 2) select a Normal Voice,
3) press the [EDIT] button, 4) Select “Name” in the Voice Edit Select display, 5) press the [ENTER] button.
[VOICE] → select Normal Voice → [EDIT] → select “Name” in the Voice Edit Select display → [ENTER]
n When a confirmation message (page 104) is shown in the display, press the [EXIT] button to exit from that condition, then execute the
instructions as in the above example.
SPECIAL NOTICE
• The contents of this Owner’s Manual and the copyrights thereof are under exclusive ownership by Yamaha Corporation.
• The illustrations and LCD screens as shown in this owner’s manual are for instructional purposes only, and may appear somewhat different from those
on your instrument.
• This product incorporates and bundles computer programs and contents in which Yamaha owns copyrights or with respect to which it has license to
use others' copyrights. Such copyrighted materials include, without limitation, all computer software, style files, MIDI files, WAVE data, musical scores
and sound recordings. Any unauthorized use of such programs and contents outside of personal use is not permitted under relevant laws. Any
violation of copyright has legal consequences. DON'T MAKE, DISTRIBUTE OR USE ILLEGAL COPIES.
• This device is capable of using various types/formats of music data by optimizing them to the proper format music data for use with the device in
advance. As a result, this device may not play them back precisely as their producers or composers originally intended.
• Copying of the commercially available musical data including but not limited to MIDI data and/or audio data is strictly prohibited except you’re your
personal use.
• Windows is the registered trademark of Microsoft® Corporation.
• Apple and Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.
• Steinberg and Cubase are the registered trademarks of Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH.
• The company names and product names in this Owner’s Manual are the trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
8
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Using the Arpeggio Function ................................. 40
Controlling from an External MIDI Keyboard........ 44
Storing the Edited Voice, Multi and Utility Settings
.................................................................................. 46
Front Panel ...............................................................10
Rear Panel.................................................................12
Storing the edited Voice, Multi and Utility settings in the internal
Flash ROM ................................................................................46
Saving data to an external device (Bulk Dump) ........................47
Connections
17
Connecting to a Computer and MIDI Device .........17
Connecting to External MIDI Equipment................21
Using a Computer
22
Creating a Song by Using a Computer ..................22
Song playback from a computer using the MOTIF-RACK XS
sounds ...................................................................................... 22
Using another synthesizer together with the MOTIF-RACK XS 22
Using the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor ........................................... 23
Integration Between the MOTIF-RACK XS and
Cubase ......................................................................24
What you can do by using Cubase 4/ Cubase AI 4 together with
the MOTIF-RACK XS................................................................ 24
Studio Connections................................................................... 24
Arpeggio Category ....................................................................53
Arpeggio Sub Category .............................................................53
Arpeggio Type Name ................................................................54
How to use the Arpeggio Type List ...........................................54
Arpeggio related settings...........................................................54
Arpeggio playback types ...........................................................55
Controller Block ...................................................... 57
Effect Block ............................................................. 57
Effect structure ..........................................................................57
Effect connection in each mode ................................................58
Effect Types divided into Effect Categories...............................59
Effect Parameters......................................................................61
Reference
64
Voice Mode .............................................................. 64
Normal Voice Edit......................................................................64
Element Edit .............................................................................73
Drum Voice Edit ........................................................................83
Supplementary information .......................................................87
Multi Mode................................................................ 91
Modes of MOTIF-RACK XS and Basic Operation..25
Utility ........................................................................ 98
Voice Mode ............................................................................... 25
Multi Mode ................................................................................ 25
The modes of the MOTIF-RACK XS......................................... 26
How to leave the current display............................................... 26
Voice Mode ...............................................................27
Playing the Voices .................................................................... 27
Using Knobs 1 – 5 to change the sound ................................... 29
Voice Editing ............................................................................. 31
Using Voice Effects................................................................... 33
Multi Mode ................................................................35
Playing a Multi........................................................................... 35
Editing the Multi ........................................................................ 36
Effect settings in the Multi mode ............................................... 38
Playing four Parts in a layer with a single MIDI keyboard......... 40
Connections
Audio Input Block.................................................... 53
Arpeggio Block........................................................ 53
25
Quick Guide
Using a Computer
Tone Generator block in the Voice mode..................................50
Tone Generator block in the Multi mode ...................................52
Quick Guide
Demo Playback ........................................................15
Audition Phrase Playback .......................................16
The Five Functional Blocks.................................... 49
Tone Generator Block............................................. 50
Basic Structure
15
49
Voice
Listening to the Sound
Basic Structure
Multi Edit....................................................................................91
Appendix
Multi
Power Supply ...........................................................13
Cable Clip..................................................................13
Using Headphones or Speakers .............................13
Power-on Procedure ................................................14
Turning the Power On/Off .......................................14
Resetting the User Memory to the Initial Factory
Settings .................................................................... 48
104
Display Messages ................................................. 104
About MIDI ............................................................. 105
Installing the Optional mLAN16E2....................... 108
Troubleshooting .................................................... 109
Specifications ........................................................ 112
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT ................... 113
Index ....................................................................... 114
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Utility
13
Appendix
Setting Up
Listening to
the Sound
External controllers supported by the MOTIF-RACK XS...........44
Assigning Control numbers .......................................................45
10
The Control & Connectors
Setting Up
What is the Arpeggio function? .................................................40
Arpeggio playback.....................................................................41
Reference
Introduction ................................................................6
Accessories ................................................................6
About the Accessory Disk.........................................6
Main Features .............................................................7
How to Use the Manual..............................................8
The Controls &
Connectors
Contents
9
The Controls &
Connectors
The Control & Connectors
Front Panel
Setting Up
1
Listening to
the Sound
2
Connections
1
4
5
6
3
^
7
)
#
8
!
$
9
@
%
Using a Computer
This knob has two functions. It switches the power on and off
(STANDBY), and has a click detent to provide tactile
indication of turning the power on/off. When the power is
turned on, the knob also enables you to adjust the overall
volume of the instrument. Turning this knob right raises the
volume or level output from the OUTPUT L/R jack and
PHONE jack.
Quick Guide
2
pressing the Cursor [L] button decreases the program number by 10.
On the Voice Edit display and Multi Edit display, holding down the
Cursor [L] button then pressing the Cursor [M] button moves the
cursor to the parameter at the top of the previous page, while holding
the Cursor [M] button then pressing the Cursor [L] button moves the
cursor to the parameter at the top of the next page.
VOLUME knob
6
Pressing this button lets you hear the sound of the Voice
selected in the Voice mode or assigned to the current Part in
the Multi mode.
When the “Audition Button” parameter (page 99) is set to
“audition sw” on the General display of the Utility mode,
pressing this button starts/stops the pre-programmed phrase
(referred to as “Audition Phrase”). When the “Audition Button”
parameter (page 99) is set to “arpeggio sw,” pressing this
button determines whether the Arpeggio assigned to the
current Voice or Multi Part is turned on or off.
PHONES jack (page 13)
This standard stereo phones jack is for connection to a set of
stereo headphones.
3
LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)
Basic Structure
The MOTIF-RACK XS’s backlit LCD displays the parameters
and values related to the currently selected operation or
mode.
4
n When the “Audition Button” parameter (page 99) is set to “audition sw”
Voice
on the General display of the Utility mode, holding the [AUDITION]
button for two seconds or more in the Voice mode calls up the Audition
setup page of the Play Mode display (page 65). When the “Audition
Button” parameter (page 99) is set to “arpeggio sw” on the General
display of the Utility mode, holding the [AUDITION] button for two
seconds or more in the Voice mode or Multi mode calls up Arp Select
display of the Voice Common Edit or Multi Part Edit.
Encoder knob
For editing (changing the value of) the currently selected
parameter. To increase the value, turn the dial right
(clockwise); to decrease the value, turn the dial left (counterclockwise). If a parameter with a wide value range is
selected, you can change the value in broader strokes by
quickly turning this knob. Turning the knob can move the
cursor leftward, rightward, upward and downward only when
the selection menu (each of which is surrounded by the box)
is shown on the display for each mode.
Note that this knob can be pressed as well as turned. On the
Voice select display and Multi select display, the Category
Search dialogue can be called up by pressing this knob. For
other displays, pressing this knob is equivalent to pressing
the [ENTER] button.
7
Reference
Multi
Utility
Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>] buttons
Appendix
The cursor buttons move the “cursor” around the LCD
screen, highlighting and selecting the various parameters.
On the Voice select display and Multi select display, pressing
the Cursor [L]/[M] button increases or decreases the Voice
number or Multi number by 1 while pressing the Cursor [<]/
[>] button calls up the adjacent Voice Bank or Multi Part.
n On the Voice Play display and Multi Play display, holding down the
Cursor [L] button then pressing the Cursor [M] button increases the
program number by 10, while down the Cursor [ M] button then
10
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
[STORE] button
Pressing this button stores the edited Voice, Multi and Utility
settings to internal memory (page 46).
8
[ENTER] button
Use this button to actually enter a number when selecting a
Memory or Bank for Voice or Multi. Also use this button to
execute a Store operation or play the demo songs.
9
5
[AUDITION] button
[EXIT] button
The menus and displays are organized according to a
hierarchical structure. Press this button to exit from the
current display and return to the previous level in the
hierarchy.
Front Panel
Functions performed by operating two controllers
[EFFECT] button
[VOICE] and [STORE]
In the Voice mode, pressing the [STORE] button while holding
the [VOICE] button transmits the bulk data of the current Voice to
the external MIDI device.
n When you select the Voice/Multi that is set the Insertion Effect, System
Effect (Reverb, Chorus), and Master Effect to on, this button’s lamp will
light.
[MULTI] button
Use this button to enter the Multi mode (pages 35 and 91).
Pressing this button calls up the Multi Play display (page 35);
this enters the Multi mode and turns the lamp on. In the Multi
mode, this button’s lamp flashes when MIDI messages are
received from an external MIDI device or computer.
$
Setting Up
[EDIT] button
Pressing this button calls up the Edit Select display in the
Voice mode/Multi mode.
#
[MULTI] and [STORE]
In the Multi mode, pressing the [STORE] button while holding the
[MULTI] button transmits the bulk data of the current Multi
settings to the external MIDI device.
[MULTI] and [ENTER]
In the Multi mode, pressing the [ENTER] button while holding the
[MULTI] button initializes all settings for the selected Multi.
Connections
@
[EDIT] and [UTILITY]
Pressing the [EDIT] and [UTILITY] buttons simultaneously enters
the Demo mode (page 15).
Listening to
the Sound
Pressing this button calls up the Effect dialog (page 34).
Holding this button for two seconds or more calls up the
Effect display in the current mode.
The Controls &
Connectors
Use this button to enter the Voice mode (pages 27 and 64).
Pressing this button calls up the Voice Play display (page
27); this enters the Voice mode and turns the lamp on. In the
Voice mode, this button’s lamp flashes when MIDI messages
are received from an external MIDI device or computer.
[UTILITY] and Encoder knob
Turning the Encoder knob while holding the [UTILITY] adjusts the
LCD for optimum legibility (page 99).
Using a Computer
!
[VOICE] button
[SELECT] button
%
Quick Guide
Pressing this button changes the functions assigned to the
five knobs. The lamp next to the currently active parameters
will light (page 30). When the “Knob Sel Disp Sw” parameter
(page 99) is set to “on” in the General display of the Utility
mode, pressing this button calls up the Knob Select pop-up
window (page 29).
[UTILITY] button
Knobs 1 – 5 (page 29)
Voice
These five highly versatile knobs let you adjust various
parameters such as Voice or Multi settings and Arpeggio
tempo. Pressing or turning any of the knobs calls up the
Knob pop-up window (page 29), according to the setting of
the “Knob Disp Time” parameter (page 99) in the General
window of the Utility mode.
Appendix
Utility
Reference
^
Basic Structure
Use this button to call up the Utility parameters. Pressing this
button calls up the Utility Select window (page 98) for the
relevant Utility parameters of the currently selected mode.
Multi
)
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
11
Rear Panel
The Controls &
Connectors
Rear Panel
Setting Up
1
1
2
mLAN expansion board (mLAN16E2) cover (page
108)
3
4
3
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
the optional mLAN16E2 has been installed:
1
4
Using a Computer
1
6
7 8
MIDI IN/OUT terminal
MIDI IN is for receiving control or performance data from
another MIDI device, such as an external sequencer, letting
you control the MOTIF-RACK XS from the connected
separate MIDI device. MIDI OUT is for transmitting all control
(via knobs and buttons) and playback data from the MOTIFRACK XS to another MIDI device, such as an external
sequencer.
When the “MIDI Soft Thru” parameter (page 100) is set to
“on” in the MIDI display of the Utility mode, MIDI messages
received via MIDI IN are forwarded through MIDI OUT.
The optional mLAN16E2 can be installed by removing this
cover. By installing a mLAN16E2 board, you can upgrade
your MOTIF-RACK XS for convenient and easy connection to
an IEEE1394-compatible computer.
■ When
5
DIGITAL OUTPUT terminal
Use this terminal to output digital signals via a coaxial (RCApin) cable. The digital signal format is CD/DAT (S/P DIF). This
terminal outputs a digital signal of 44.1 kHz/24 bit. By using
this jack, you can record the keyboard performance or Song/
Pattern playback of this synthesizer to external media (e.g., a
CD recorder) with exceptionally high-quality sound—thanks
to the direct digital connection.
mLAN (IEEE1394) terminal 1, 2
For connecting mLAN devices or IEEE1394-compatible
(FireWire) devices via standard IEEE1394 (6-pin) cables.
n Yamaha recommends that you use an IEEE1394 cable with a length of
4.5 meters or less.
Quick Guide
5
Line level audio signals are output from this instrument via
these phone jacks (1/4" mono phone plug). These outputs are
independent of the main output (at the L/MONO and R jacks
below), and can be freely assigned to any of the Drum Voice
keys or the Parts. This lets you route specific Voices or sounds
for processing with a favorite outboard effect unit. The Parts
which can be assigned to these jacks are as follows:
• Audio Parts in the Voice mode (page 102)
• Drum Voice keys to which drum/percussion instruments
have been assigned (page 85)
• Any Part of a Multi* (pages 92 and pages 95)
About mLAN
Basic Structure
“mLAN” is a digital network designed for musical applications. It
uses and extends the industry standard IEEE1394 high
performance serial bus. By connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a
computer in a peer-to-peer connection via an IEEE1394 cable,
you can transfer audio data for all channels and MIDI data for all
ports simultaneously between the MOTIF-RACK XS and the
computer. This kind of connection, its capabilities and uses are
referred to as “mLAN” in this Owner’s Manual and the MOTIFRACK XS instrument.
Voice
For details and the latest information on mLAN, refer to the
following URL:
http://www.yamahasynth.com/
*The name “mLAN” and its logo (above) are trademarks of Yamaha Corporation.
ASSIGNABLE OUTPUT L and R jacks
*Includes the Audio Input Part (mLAN IN Part)
6
OUTPUT L/MONO and R jacks (page 13)
Line level audio signals are output via these phone jacks. For
monophonic output, use just the L/MONO jack.
2
USB TO HOST terminal (page 17)
Reference
Multi
The USB TO HOST terminal is used to connect this
instrument to the computer via the USB cable and allows you
to transfer MIDI data between the devices.
7
DC IN terminal (page 13)
Connect an AC power adaptor to this jack.
WARNING
USB
Use only the included power adaptor (or an equivalent
recommended by Yamaha). Use of a different adaptor may
result in equipment damage, overheating, or fire. Doing so
will also immediately void the product warranty, even if the
effective warranty period has not expired.
Utility
USB is an abbreviation for Universal Serial Bus. It is a serial
interface for connecting a computer with peripheral devices, and
enables much faster data transfer compared to conventional
serial port connections.
8
Cable Clip (page 13)
Appendix
Wrap the DC output cable of the adaptor around this cable
clip to prevent accidental unplugging of the cable during
operation.
12
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
The Controls &
Connectors
Setting Up
Cable Clip
Power Supply
2.
Connect the plug of the power adaptor to the DC
IN terminal on the rear panel of the MOTIF-RACK
XS.
3.
Plug in the AC cable to an appropriate AC outlet.
Rear Panel
Listening to
the Sound
Connect one end of the AC cable to the power
adaptor.
Wrap the DC output cable of the adaptor around the cable clip
(as shown above) to prevent accidental unplugging of the cable
during operation. Avoid tightening the cord more than
necessary or pulling on the cord strongly while it is wrapped
around the cable clip to prevent wear on the cord or possible
breakage of the clip.
Connections
1.
Setting Up
Connect the supplied AC power adapter in the following order.
Before you connect the power adaptor, make sure that the
[VOLUME] knob is set to STANDBY (Off).
n Follow this procedure in reverse order when disconnecting the power
adaptor.
WARNING
Use the specified adaptor (or an equivalent recommended by
Yamaha). Using the wrong adaptor can result in damage to the
instrument or overheating.
CAUTION
Make sure your MOTIF-RACK XS is rated for the AC voltage
supplied in the area in which it is to be used (as listed on the
rear panel). Connecting the unit to the wrong AC supply can
cause serious damage to the internal circuitry and may even
pose a shock hazard!
Quick Guide
1
Using Headphones or
Speakers
Since the MOTIF-RACK XS has no built-in speakers, you’ll need
an external audio system or a set of stereo headphones to
properly monitor it. Connect a set of headphones, powered
speakers, or other playback equipment as illustrated below.
When making connections, be sure that your cables have the
appropriate ratings.
A pair of powered speakers can accurately produce the
instrument’s rich sounds with their own pan and effect settings.
Connect your powered speakers to the OUTPUT L/MONO and R
jacks on the rear panel.
Basic Structure
AC cable
Powered speaker
(Right)
Powered speaker
(Left)
Voice
Power adaptor
2 DC IN
Using a Computer
To electrical outlet
Headphones
OUTPUT R
Multi
OUTPUT L/MONO
Reference
CAUTION
MOTIF-RACK XS
Utility
PHONES
n When using just one powered speaker, connect it to the OUTPUT L/MONO
jack on the rear panel.
Appendix
Even when the [VOLUME] knob is in the “STANDBY” position,
electricity is still flowing to the instrument at the minimum level.
When not using the MOTIF-RACK XS for an extended period of
time, be sure to unplug the AC power adaptor from the wall AC
outlet.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
13
Power-on Procedure
Turning the Power On/Off
The Controls &
Connectors
Power-on Procedure
Setting Up
Once you’ve made all the necessary connections (pages 13 and
21) between your MOTIF-RACK XS and any other devices, make
sure that all volume settings are turned down all the way to zero,
then turn on each device in order: first, MIDI masters (senders),
MIDI slaves (receivers), then audio equipment (mixers,
amplifiers, speakers, etc.). This ensures smooth signal flow from
the first device to the last (first MIDI, then audio).
CAUTION
To protect your speakers, before you turn the power to the
MOTIF-RACK XS on or off, lower the volume setting on the
MOTIF-RACK XS and connected audio equipment.
1.
n To turn off the power to the devices, first lower the volume of the audio
Turn the [VOLUME] knob from the STANDBY
position to the ON position to turn the power on.
Listening to
the Sound
equipment, then turn off the power in the reverse sequence.
Connections
MIDI master (transmitting device)
The opening message appears in the LCD. After a while,
the default display appears.
POWER
ON!!
Using a Computer
n You can set the default display in the “Power On Mode” parameter
([UTILITY] → General window). For details, see page 98.
MOTIF-RACK XS as MIDI slave
(MIDI receiving device)
n If the LCD is difficult to read, you may need to adjust the display
contrast. To do this, simultaneously hold down the [UTILITY] button
and turn the Encoder knob.
Quick Guide
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
L
Basic Structure
Raise the sound system volume to a reasonable
level.
3.
Turn the [VOLUME] knob clockwise to set an
appropriate volume level.
4.
When you want to turn the MOTIF-RACK XS off,
first turn down the volume of all the connected
audio equipment then turn the power to each
device off.
R
Audio equipment
(mixer first, then amplifier)
Voice
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
14
2.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
The Controls &
Connectors
Listening to the Sound
Setting Up
Demo Playback
The MOTIF-RACK XS features a variety of demo songs, showcasing its dynamic sound and sophisticated functions. Here's how to play
them back.
n Make sure the MOTIF-RACK XS is ready for playback. Details are given in the section “Setting Up” on page 13.
Using a Computer
Connections
Listening to
the Sound
1. Simultaneously hold the [EDIT] button and press the [UTILITY] button.
2. From the Demo Song Play display, select the desired Song by using the Encoder knob, or
Basic Structure
Quick Guide
Cursor [L] and [M] buttons.
3. Press the [ENTER] button or Encoder knob to start the selected Demo Song.
Multi
Reference
Voice
Pressing the [ENTER] button or Encoder knob during playback stops playback at the current point in the Song
then pressing this again starts playback from that point.
Utility
4. To stop playback, press the [EXIT] button.
Appendix
5. To close the Demo Song display, press any of the [EXIT], [VOICE] and [MULTI] buttons.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
15
Audition Phrase Playback
The Controls &
Connectors
Audition Phrase Playback
Audition Phrases let you quickly and easily check the sound of the Voice you’ve selected. This is convenient when going through the
wide variety of Voices available and trying to select the most suitable one for your song or performance.
Setting Up
Listening to the Audition Phrase of
the desired Voice
1.
2.
Select “General” by using the Encoder knob and
Cursor buttons, then press the [ENTER] button.
Press the [VOICE] button.
Listening to
the Sound
The [VOICE] lamp lights and the Voice Play display of the
Voice mode appears.
(This display can be called up from the Voice mode.)
Connections
Using a Computer
2.
Select the desired Voice by using the Cursor
buttons and Encoder knob.
3.
Press the [AUDITION] button.
3.
Press the Cursor [L]/[M] to call up the third page
of the Utility General window, then select
“Audition Button.”
4.
Set the “Audition Button” parameter to “audition
sw” by turning the Encoder knob.
The [AUDITION] lamp flashes and the Audition Phrase of
the selected Voice will play back.
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
This setting enables the [AUDITION] button for playback of
the Audition Phrase.
When another Voice is selected during playback, the
Audition Phrase of the new Voice automatically starts.
nIf pressing the [AUDITION] button produces no sound, follow the
Voice
instructions titled “When pressing the [AUDITION] button produces
no Audition Phrase” below.
4.
Press the [AUDITION] button again to stop the
Audition Phrase playback.
Reference
Multi
The Audition Phrase is available also in the Voice Edit
mode (page 31) and Multi mode (page 35). In the Multi
mode, you can hear the Audition Phrase of the Voice
assigned to the current Part.
Playback variation of the Audition Phrase
The type and pitch of the Audition Phrase assigned to the each
Voice can be changed as desired by setting the following
parameters in the Play Mode display (page 66) of Voice Common
Edit.
• Audition No. (Audition Phrase number)
Determines the type of the Audition Phrase.
• Audition Note Shift
Shifts the playback notes of the Audition Phrase in semitones.
• Audition Vel Shift (Audition Phrase Velocity Shift)
Increases or decreases the velocities for the playback notes of
the Audition Phrase.
Utility
When pressing the [AUDITION]
button produces no Audition Phrase:
Appendix
If pressing the [AUDITION] button produces no sound, make
sure the setting is appropriate by following the instructions
below.
1.
Press the [UTILITY] button.
The Utility Select window appears.
16
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
n Some Audition Phrases include Control Change messages which
control the tonal characteristics of the Voice.
n When the “Audition Button” parameter is set to “audition sw,” holding
the [AUDITION] button for two seconds or more calls up the Play Mode
display (page 65) containing the above parameters.
n Even within the same Audition Phrase type, the playback sound will
differ depending on the Arpeggio setting of the each Voice or Part in
the Multi.
The Controls &
Connectors
Connections
Connecting to a Computer and MIDI Device
Setting Up
Connecting this instrument to a computer via MIDI opens up a whole world of musical possibilities—such as using DAW software to
record and play back compositions with the MOTIF-RACK XS sounds or using the Voice Editor software (free for downloading from the
Yamaha web site) to create and edit your own custom Voices. By connecting a MIDI keyboard to your MOTIF-RACK XS/computer
setup, you can use the MOTIF-RACK XS to play back both song data on the DAW and your keyboard performance.
n When using an external keyboard to play the MOTIF-RACK XS sounds while connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer, you’ll need to use the MIDI Thru function
Listening to
the Sound
of the DAW software on the computer to re-transmit received MIDI data to the MOTIF-RACK XS (Port 1). If not using the DAW software, use the MIDI Thru function of the
Studio Manager version 2.3.0 or later.
n For details about connection between the computer and the external keyboard or between the computer and the synthesizer, refer to the owner's manual of the
particular devices.
USB cable, etc.
USB/IEEE1394 cable, etc.
Connections
Connection example 1:
Using a Computer
DAW software
(MIDI Thru active)
MOTIF-RACK XS
External MIDI keyboard or synthesizer (example: MOTIF XS)
Connection example 2*:
USB/IEEE1394 cable, etc.
MIDI IN terminal
MIDI OUT terminal
Quick Guide
MIDI IN terminal
MIDI OUT
terminal
MOTIF-RACK XS
Basic Structure
External MIDI keyboard or synthesizer (example: MOTIF XS)
* In connection example 2, the received MIDI data from an external keyboard is transmitted through the MOTIF-RACK XS to the connected computer. If MIDI Thru is
enabled in the client application, MIDI data is re-transmitted to the MOTIF-RACK XS. For details, refer to the “Using the Thru Port” (page 18).
Using a USB TO HOST terminal
This section shows you how to connect the MOTIF-RACK XS to a
computer via a USB cable. Note that the MIDI data can be
transmitted through a USB cable.
n Since the MOTIF-RACK XS has no built-in speakers, you’ll need an external
Install the downloaded USB-MIDI driver to the
computer.
For instructions on installing, refer to the online Installation
Guide included in the downloaded file package. When
connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer in the
Installation procedure, connect the USB cable to the USB
TO HOST of the MOTIF-RACK XS and the USB terminal of
the computer as shown below.
USB TO HOST terminal
Voice
2.
Reference
Connection between the MOTIFRACK XS and a computer
Multi
DAW software (MIDI Thru active)
USB terminal
Download the USB-MIDI driver from our website:
http://www.global.yamaha.com/download/usb_midi/
Rear panel of the
MOTIF-RACK XS
n Information on system requirements is also available at the above
web site.
n The USB-MIDI driver may be revised and updated without prior
Appendix
1.
Utility
audio system or a set of stereo headphones to properly monitor it. For
details, refer to “Setting Up” on page 13.
USB cable
notice. Make sure to check and download the latest version from the
above site.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
17
Connecting to a Computer and MIDI Device
3.
The Controls &
Connectors
Make sure that the USB TO HOST terminal of the
MOTIF-RACK XS is enabled.
Press the [UTILITY] button to call up the Utility Select
window, then select “MIDI” in the window. Then, press the
[ENTER] button or Encoder knob to call up the MIDI
window (page 99) and set the “MIDI In/Out” parameter to
“USB.”
Setting Up
4.
Using the Thru Port
MIDI ports can be used to divide playback among multiple
synthesizers, as well as expand the MIDI channel capacity beyond
sixteen. In the example below, a separate synthesizer connected to
the MOTIF-RACK XS is played by MIDI data via Port 3. Also, the
MOTIF-RACK XS can be used as a MIDI Interface by re-transmitting
the MIDI data received from an external MIDI device to Port 3 of the
USB TO HOST terminal. In the example below, set the MOTIF-RACK
XS with the following operation.
Press the [STORE] button to store this setting.
[UTILITY] → select “MIDI” in the Utility Select window → [ENTER] →
“MIDI In/Out” = “USB”/”mLAN”
Precautions when using the [USB TO HOST]
Listening to
the Sound
When connecting the computer to the [USB TO HOST]
terminal, make sure to observe the following points. Failing to
do so risks freezing the computer and corrupting or losing
the data. If the computer or the instrument freezes, restart the
application software or the computer OS, or turn the power to
the instrument off then on again.
When playing the MOTIF-RACK XS sounds by received MIDI data
from DAW software on the computer, set the MIDI output port of the
tracks (for playing the MOTIF-RACK XS) to Port 1 of USB or mLAN.
External MIDI tone generator or synthesizer
Connections
CAUTION
• Use an AB type USB cable of less than about 3 meters.
• Before connecting the computer to the [USB TO HOST] terminal,
•
Using a Computer
•
•
Quick Guide
exit from any power-saving mode of the computer (such as
suspended, sleep, standby).
Before turning on the power to the instrument, connect the
computer to the [USB TO HOST] terminal.
Execute the following before turning the power to the instrument
on/off or plugging/unplugging the USB cable to/from the [USB TO
HOST] terminal.
- Quit any open application software on the computer.
- Make sure that data is not being transmitted from the instrument.
- (Data is transmitted on the MOTIF-RACK XS by using Knobs 1 – 5.)
While the computer is connected to the instrument, you should wait
for six seconds or more between these operations: (1) when turning
the power of the instrument off then on again, or (2) when
alternately connecting/disconnecting the USB cable.
MIDI channels and MIDI ports
Basic Structure
MIDI song data can be sent independently over sixteen separate
channels, and this instrument is capable of simultaneously playing
sixteen separate parts via these channels. While a single MIDI cable
is equipped to handle data over up to sixteen channels
simultaneously, a USB connection or an IEEE1394 connection is
capable of handling far more—thanks to the use of MIDI ports. Each
MIDI port can handle sixteen channels, and the USB connection or
IEEE1394 connection allows up to eight ports, letting you use up to
128 channels (8 ports x 16 channels) on your computer. When
connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer using a USB cable or
an IEEE1394 cable, the MIDI ports are defined as follows:
Voice
• Port 1
Multi
Reference
The tone generator block in the MOTIF-RACK XS can recognize and
use only this port.
When playing the MOTIF-RACK XS sounds from an external MIDI
instrument or computer, you should set the MIDI Port to 1 on the
connected MIDI device or computer.
• Port 3
Utility
This port is used as the MIDI Thru Port. The MIDI data received over
Port 3 via the USB TO HOST or mLAN terminal will be re-transmitted
to an external MIDI device or computer via the MIDI OUT terminal.
The MIDI data received over Port 3 via the MIDI IN terminal will be
retransmitted to an external device (computer, etc.) via the USB TO
HOST or mLAN terminal.
MIDI IN
terminal
Only MIDI data over
port 3 will be
transmitted through
the MOTIF-RACK
XS to the above tone
generator
MIDI OUT
terminal
Appendix
When using a USB connection or IEEE1394 connection between the
MOTIF-RACK XS and the computer, make sure to match the MIDI
transmit port and the MIDI receive port (as well as the MIDI transmit
channel and the MIDI receive channel) as described above.
MIDI IN
terminal
DAW software
USB/mLAN terminal
Only MIDI data over ports 1 are received to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Only MIDI data over ports 3 are re-transmitted to the computer or the
external MIDI tone generator through the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Using a MIDI terminal
Use a MIDI interface to connect the MIDI terminal of the MOTIFRACK XS to a computer.
n When connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer via the MIDI terminal
of the MOTIF-RACK XS, the MOTIF-RACK XS and MOTIF-RACK XS Editor
cannot communicate with each other.
Using an mLAN terminal
This section shows you how to connect the MOTIF-RACK XS to a
computer via an IEEE1394 (FireWire) cable. Note that the audio
data as well as MIDI data can be transmitted through an
IEEE1394 cable.
n The MOTIF-RACK XS can be connected to a computer equipped with the
IEEE1394 terminal only when an optional mLAN16E2 has been installed to
the MOTIF-RACK XS. For instructions on installing the mLAN16E2, see
page 108.
n When equipped with mLAN, the MOTIF-RACK XS provides greater input/
output versatility, with 3 Stereo Inputs, 14 Mono Outputs + 1 Stereo Output
(or 8 Stereo Outputs) audio channels and 2 MIDI In/2 MIDI Out channels.
n Port 2 is not used. Port 4 is used to synchronize with the MOTIF-RACK
XS Editor on the computer when connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to
the computer via the USB TO HOST terminal. We recommend that you
avoid using Port 4 for synchronizing with software other than the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
MIDI OUT
terminal
USB/IEEE1394 cable
1.
Download the proper AI Driver from our website:
http://www.yamahasynth.com/download/
n Information on system requirements is also available at the above
web site.
n The AI Driver may be revised and updated without prior notice. Make
sure to check and download the latest version from the above site.
18
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Install the downloaded AI Driver to the computer.
What you can do with the IEEE1394 connection
For instructions on installing, refer to the online Installation
Guide included in the downloaded file package. When
connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer in the
Installation procedure, connect the IEEE1394 cable to the
mLAN terminal of the MOTIF-RACK XS and the IEEE1394
terminal of the computer as shown below.
You can integrate the MOTIF-RACK XS with DAW software on a
computer by connecting the mLAN equipped MOTIF-RACK XS
(which the optional mLAN16E2 is installed) to a computer in a
peer-to-peer arrangement. For details, see below.
mLAN
terminal
Rear panel of the
MOTIF-RACK XS
IEEE1394 cable
RACK XS and the computer (up to 16 channels from the MOTIFRACK XS to the computer and up to 6 channels from the computer
to the MOTIF-RACK XS).
• While playing back sequence software, you can simultaneously
record the sounds of the MOTIF-RACK XS back to the sequence
software as audio data.
• Monitor via the MOTIF-RACK XS the audio output from the
computer and the audio output from the MOTIF-RACK XS.
• Use Cubase 4/ Cubase AI 4 together with the MOTIF-RACK XS
with a variety of convenient functions. For details, refer to the
section “Integration Between the MOTIF-RACK XS and Cubase”
(page 24).
Setting Up
IEEE1394 terminal
• Transfer data of multiple audio channels between the MOTIF-
Listening to
the Sound
2.
The Controls &
Connectors
Connecting to a Computer and MIDI Device
CAUTION
computer via an IEEE1394 cable in a peer-to-peer arrangement is referred
to as “mLAN” in this Owner’s Manual and the MOTIF-RACK XS instrument.
For details and the latest information on mLAN, refer to the following URL:
http://www.yamahasynth.com/
Quick Guide
Using a Computer
Be sure to connect the IEEE1394 (mLAN) cable plug to the
mLAN jack with the correct orientation.
Connections
n The capabilities and uses of connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a
Plug in the jack with the correct orientation.
Make sure that the mLAN terminal of the MOTIFRACK XS is enabled for MIDI communication.
4.
Voice
Press the [UTILITY] button to call up the Utility Select
window, then select “MIDI” in the display. Then, press the
[ENTER] button or the Encoder knob to call up the MIDI
display (page 99) and set the “MIDI In/Out” parameter to
“mLAN.”
Make sure that the mLAN terminal of the MOTIFRACK XS is enabled for audio communication.
Utility
Press the [STORE] button to store this setting.
Appendix
5.
Reference
When transmitting audio signals via the mLAN terminal, set
the Output Select parameter of the MOTIF-RACK XS.
When receiving audio signals via the mLAN terminal, set
the mLAN audio input part parameters of the MOTIF-RACK
XS. For details, see “Audio signal transmission/reception”
in the section “Signal flow of audio and MIDI data via an
IEEE1394 cable” on page 20.
Multi
3.
Basic Structure
n For optimum results, use an IEEE1394 cable shorter than 4.5 meters.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
19
Connecting to a Computer and MIDI Device
The Controls &
Connectors
Signal flow of audio and MIDI data via an IEEE1394
cable
The illustration below shows the flow of audio signals and MIDI
messages when connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS and a
computer via an IEEE1394 cable.
■ mLAN OUT L/R (*3)
The audio signal is output via both the OUTPUT L/MONO, R
terminals and mLAN OUT L/R when the “Output Select”
parameter described at left (mLAN OUT 1 –14) is set to “L&R.”
Audio signal reception (*4)
IEEE1394-compatible computer
Setting Up
IEEE1394 cable
AUDIO
mLAN IN L/R etc.
AUDIO
mLAN OUT L/R
mLAN OUT 1-14ch
AUDIO
MIDI
mLAN IN 1, 3 Port
MIDI
Listening to
the Sound
mLAN OUT 1, 3 Port
Powered speakers
(such as the
HS80M)
Connections
The mLAN IN Main Out Monitor L/R and mLAN IN Assignable
Out Monitor L/R are available as well as the mLAN IN L/R as the
mLAN audio input channel of the MOTIF-RACK XS. These
channels can be used for monitoring the sound when using the
DAW software on the computer. The audio signal received via
the mLAN IN Main Out Monitor L/R will be output via the
OUTPUT L/R jacks while the audio signal received via the mLAN
IN Assignable Out Monitor L/R will be output via the
ASSIGNABLE OUTPUT L/R jacks. Setting the audio output
channel on the computer determines which channel is used. As
for audio signals received via the mLAN terminal, parameters
such as volume and output channel can be applied as the
mLAN audio input part of the MOTIF-RACK XS. The display of
these parameter settings differs depending on the mode, as
listed below.
[VOICE] → [UTILITY] → select “Voice mLAN” in Utility Select window,
press [ENTER] → Voice mLAN display (page 102)
Using a Computer
MIDI
(*1)
mLAN OUT
1-14
(*2)
mLAN
OUT L/R
(*3)
mLAN IN
(*4)
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select “Common” in Edit Select display, press
[ENTER] → select “mLAN In” in Common Edit Select display, press
[ENTER] → mLAN In display (page 91)
MOTIF-RACK XS
mLAN terminal of the
mLAN16E2
Quick Guide
MIDI transmission/reception (*1)
Setting the port on the MOTIF-RACK XS is not necessary since
the MIDI Port of the MOTIF-RACK XS is automatically fixed
according to the application. For information on which port
should be selected on your computer, refer to the section “MIDI
channels and MIDI ports” on page 18.
Basic Structure
Audio signal transmission
■ mLAN OUT 1 – 14 (*2)
Audio signals are output via mLAN OUT 1 – 14 when the MOTIFRACK XS “Output Select” parameter is set to any of the settings
“m1&2” – “m13&14” and “m1” – “m14” in one of the following
displays.
Voice
The output destination of audio input signal from the mLAN terminal
[VOICE] → [UTILITY] → select “Voice mLAN” in Utility Select window,
press [ENTER] → “Output Select” (page 102)
Reference
Multi
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select “Common” in Edit Select display, press
[ENTER] → select “mLAN In” in Common Edit Select display, press
[ENTER] → “Output Select” (page 92)
The output destination of each Multi’s audio signal
Utility
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select desired part (1 – 16) in Edit Select display,
press [ENTER] → select “Play Mode” in Part Edit Select display, press
[ENTER] → “Output Select” (page 95)
The output destination of each Key’s audio signal in the Drum Voice
Select Drum Key in Voice mode on MOTIF-RACK XS Editor → “Output
Select” in OSC (Oscillator) of Drum Key Edit (page 85)
Appendix
n The audio signal of a Normal Voice in the Voice mode is always output from
both the mLAN OUT L/R and OUTPUT L/MONO, R terminals. The signal
cannot be output from mLAN OUT 1 – 14.
20
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Audio Channels of the MOTIF-RACK XS and the
computer
When connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer via an
IEEE1394 cable, set the audio channel of the computer referring to
the table below.
Input Channel of
the MOTIF-RACK XS
Output Channel of
the computer
mLAN IN Main Out Monitor L, R
1, 2
mLAN IN L, R
3, 4
mLAN IN Assignable Out Monitor L, R
5, 6
Output Channel of
the MOTIF-RACK XS
Input Channel of the
computer
mLAN OUT L, R (L&R)
mLAN OUT 1 – 14 (m1 – m14)
1, 2
3 – 16
Connecting to External MIDI Equipment
The Controls &
Connectors
Connecting to External MIDI Equipment
Setting Up
With a standard MIDI cable (available separately), you can connect an external MIDI device, and control it from the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Likewise, you can use an external MIDI device (such as a keyboard or sequencer) to control the MOTIF-RACK XS sounds.
Below are several different MIDI connection examples; use the one most similar to your intended setup.
MIDI OUT terminal
Listening to
the Sound
MIDI IN terminal
MOTIF-RACK XS
Connections
External MIDI keyboard or synthesizer,
such as the MOTIF XS
Use an external keyboard to remotely select and play Voices of the MOTIF-RACK XS. In this connection, set the MOTIF-RACK XS as
described below.
Using a Computer
[UTILITY] → select “MIDI” in the Utility Select window, press [ENTER] → “MIDI In/Out” = “MIDI”
n When a USB cable is not connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS, the MIDI terminal will be automatically used for transmitting/receiving MIDI data, even if this parameter is
set to “USB.”
n If you want to forward the MIDI messages received via MIDI IN through MIDI OUT, set the MOTIF-RACK XS as described below in addition to the above settings.
[UTILITY] → select “MIDI” in Utility Select window, press [ENTER] → “MIDI Soft Thru (MIDI Soft Thru Switch)” = “on”
In the Multi mode (using the MOTIF-RACK XS as a multitimbral tone generator)
n Certain sequencers may not send clock signals to an external device
Check the MIDI Receive Channel for each Part of the Multi with the
following operation.
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select desired part (1 – 16) in Edit Select display,
press [ENTER] → select “Voice” in Part Edit Select display, press
[ENTER] → “Receive Ch (Receive Channel)” (page 94)
Change the settings of the desired Parts to match the MIDI Transmit
Channel settings on the external MIDI instrument or the DAW
software. Please note that all Parts whose MIDI Receive Channels
match the MIDI Transmit Channel of the external MIDI instrument or
the DAW software are sounded by your keyboard performance.
while playback is stopped. When “MIDI Sync” is set to “MIDI,” the
Arpeggio function is available only while the MOTIF-RACK XS receives
clock signals from the master instrument.
Utility
In the Voice mode (using the MOTIF-RACK XS as a single
timbre tone generator)
Voice
Check the MIDI Basic Receive Channel with the following operation.
[UTILITY] → select “Voice MIDI” in the Utility Select window, press
[ENTER] → “Receive Ch (Basic Receive Channel)” (page 102)
If necessary, change this parameter to the same number as the MIDI
Transmit Channel of the external MIDI instrument or the DAW
software.
When using multiple MIDI instruments or DAW software, the tempo
settings of the MIDI instruments or DAW software must be
synchronized by clock signal. The device set to internal clock serves
as a reference for all connected devices, and is referred to as the
“master” instrument. The connected devices set to external clock are
referred to as “slaves.”
When using playback data of an external sequencer to trigger the
Arpeggio function on the MOTIF-RACK XS, make sure to set the MIDI
synchronization parameter in Utility so that the external clock is used
(as shown below).
[UTILITY] → select “MIDI” in Utility Select window, press [ENTER] →
“MIDI Sync” = “external”/ “auto” (page 99)
In addition, make sure that the external sequencer is set to “master”
or internal sync, and set it so that the MIDI clock data is transmitted to
Port 1 of the MOTIF-RACK XS (page 43).
Basic Structure
Synchronizing with an external sequencer (Master and
Slave)
Multi
Make sure to match the MIDI Transmit Channel of the external MIDI
instrument or DAW software with the MIDI Receive Channel of the
MOTIF-RACK XS. For details on setting the MIDI Transmit Channel of
the external MIDI instrument or DAW software, refer to the owner’s
manual of your particular instrument/software. For details on setting
the MIDI Receive Channel of the MOTIF-RACK XS, check the
following points.
Reference
MIDI Transmit Channel and Receive Channel
Quick Guide
n For details about MIDI, refer to the section “About MIDI” on page 105.
n For details about the functions of the internal tone generator, see page
Appendix
50.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
21
The Controls &
Connectors
Using a Computer
Creating a Song by Using a Computer
Setting Up
By connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to your computer via USB or mLAN, you can use DAW software on the computer to create your
own original songs. This section contains an overview on how to use DAW software on a computer connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
n The acronym DAW (digital audio workstation) refers to music software for recording, editing and mixing audio and MIDI data. The main DAW applications are Cubase,
Logic, SONAR and Digital Performer. Though all of these can be effectively used with the MOTIF-RACK XS, we recommend using Cubase when creating songs
together with the instrument.
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
Song playback from a computer
using the MOTIF-RACK XS
sounds
Using another synthesizer
together with the MOTIF-RACK
XS
The instructions below show how to use the Multi mode of the
MOTIF-RACK XS as a MIDI tone generator. In this case, actual
MIDI sequence data is transmitted from a DAW software on the
computer.
By using another synthesizer (such as the MOTIF XS) together
with the MOTIF-RACK XS as illustrated in the example below,
you can play up to 32 Parts simultaneously.
Using a Computer
Setting up the MOTIF-RACK XS
Setting up the MOTIF-RACK XS
Quick Guide
1.
Press the [MULTI] button to enter the Multi
mode.
2.
Select a Multi using the Encoder knob or the
Cursor [L]/[M] buttons.
1.
Connect the MIDI OUT terminal to the MIDI IN
terminal of the external synthesizer such as
MOTIF XS, as illustrated below.
2.
Press the [MULTI] button to enter the Multi
mode, and select the desired Multi.
Synthesizer, such as the MOTIF XS
Basic Structure
3.
Press the [EDIT] button to enter Multi Edit.
4.
Change the setting for Parts 1 – 16 as
necessary.
For details about Multi Edit, see pages 36.
Setting up the DAW on the computer
Voice
1.
Set the MIDI output port of the tracks (for
playing the MOTIF-RACK XS) to Port 1 of USB
or mLAN.
Reference
Multi
When connecting via a USB cable, set this to “Yamaha
MOTIF-R XS-1” or “YAMAHA MOTIF-R XS Port1.” When
connecting via an IEEE1394 cable, set this to “mLAN MIDI
Out” or “MOTIF-RACK XS.”
2.
Enter the MIDI data to each track of the DAW on
the computer.
Utility
The tone generator settings of the part corresponding to
the MIDI track will be set in the Multi mode on the MOTIFRACK XS.
n By using the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, you can create your original
Mixing setup of the MOTIF-RACK XS from your computer. The
created Mixing setup can be saved as a file for future recall.
Appendix
n You can use the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor as a plug-in software within
Cubase and save the edited Mixing setup of the MOTIF-RACK XS as
a Cubase project file.
22
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Computer
MIDI OUT
terminal
MIDI IN
terminal
MIDI IN
terminal
MIDI OUT
terminal
MOTIF-RACK XS
USB TO HOST terminal/
mLAN terminal
(with the optional mLAN16E2 installed)
Creating a Song by Using a Computer
Set the MIDI output port of the tracks (for
playing the MOTIF-RACK XS) to Port 1 of USB
or mLAN.
When connecting via a USB cable, set this to “Yamaha
MOTIF-R XS-1” or “YAMAHA MOTIF-R XS Port1.” When
connecting via an IEEE1394 cable, set this to “mLAN MIDI
Out” or “MOTIF-RACK XS.”
2.
Set the MIDI output port of the tracks (for
playing the connected synthesizer) to Port 3 of
USB or mLAN.
The Controls &
Connectors
1.
When the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor is used as a stand-alone
editor, Studio Manager V2 is used as a host application. Studio
Manager is a cross-platform application that enables you to start
multiple Editors that control Yamaha hardware products
remotely, and to save multiple Editor settings. You can run
Studio Manager as a stand-alone application, or as a plug-in
within DAW applications.
Setting Up
Setting up the DAW on the computer
Start as a plug-in
within Cubase
Start Studio Manager
as a stand-alone
application
Listening to
the Sound
When connecting via a USB cable, set this to “Yamaha
MOTIF-R XS-3” or “YAMAHA MOTIF-R XS Port3.” When
connecting via an IEEE1394 cable, set this to “mLAN MIDI
Out (3)” or “MOTIF-RACK XS MIDI OUT.”
n Please keep in mind that the MIDI Thru Port of the MOTIF-RACK XS
Connections
(in other words, the port with which the received MIDI data is to be
transmitted to another external device via the MIDI OUT terminal) is
fixed to 3.
MOTIF XS Editor
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
For information about the minimum system requirements, refer to
the Installation Guide of each software.
For instructions on using Studio Manager and MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor, refer to the respective PDF manuals included with the
software.
Voice
Common applications for the MOTIFRACK XS Editor
The MOTIF-RACK XS Editor is a client application using Studio
Manager as host. To use the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, start Studio
Manager then start the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor as a plug-in
software within the Studio Manager.
n When using an external keyboard to play the MOTIF-RACK XS sounds
while connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer, you’ll need to use the
MIDI Thru function of the DAW software on the computer to re-transmit
received MIDI data to the MOTIF-RACK XS (Port 1). If not using the DAW
software, use the MIDI Thru function of the Studio Manager version 2.3.0 or
later.
Multi
■ Using as a stand-alone editor.
Utility
MOTIF-RACK XS
The Studio Manager and MOTIF-RACK XS Editor can be
downloaded from the following URL. Use them after installing all
necessary software to the computer by following the Installation
Guide of the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
http://www.yamahasynth.com/download/
■ Using within Cubase
The MOTIF-RACK XS Editor can be started as a plug-in software
within Cubase. For instructions on starting in this case, refer to
the owner’s manual of the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
n For Windows computers, the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor can be used with
Appendix
Bulk transmission/reception
Parameter transmission/reception
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor
Reference
The MOTIF-RACK XS Editor lets you edit detailed settings of the
MOTIF-RACK XS (such as the Element/Key parameters),
providing even greater editing convenience and versatility.
Furthermore, the data between the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor and
the MOTIF-RACK XS (transmitted via USB or IEEE1394) is
always kept in synchronization—meaning that any changes you
make on one device are immediately reflected in the other. This
provides a smooth, seamless interface, and makes it very easy
to create and edit your data.
Using a Computer
Using the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor
Cubase SX3 or later. For Macintosh computers, the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor
can be used with Cubase 4 or later.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
23
Integration Between the MOTIF-RACK XS and Cubase
The Controls &
Connectors
Integration Between the MOTIF-RACK XS and Cubase
Setting Up
Yamaha and Steinberg have formed a partnership to develop a useful and convenient environment for effectively using Yamaha
hardware (including the MOTIF-RACK XS) together with Steinberg software. This section explains how you can use Cubase 4/ Cubase
AI 4 and the special joint Yamaha/Steinberg Studio Connections software. For more details, including the latest information and
software downloads, refer to the following URL.
http://www.yamahasynth.com/download/
Listening to
the Sound
What you can do by using
Cubase 4/ Cubase AI 4 together
with the MOTIF-RACK XS
IMPORTANT
To use the following features and operations, you’ll first need to
install the AI driver and Extensions for Steinberg DAW.
Using the Project Template for multichannel audio recording
When creating a new project file within Cubase, you can select
the template for multi-channel audio recording using the MOTIFRACK XS via an IEEE1394 cable. By selecting a template, you
can easily perform the recording in Cubase without having to
make complicated or detailed settings.
Connections
Automatic setting of the IEEE1394
connection
Using a Computer
When using a hardware tone generator such as the MOTIFRACK XS with computer software, a variety of settings—such as
audio connection, driver setup and port setup—must be made.
Those complicated settings will be made automatically for you
as soon as you connect the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer via
an IEEE1394 cable.
Quick Guide
Indicating the Audio/MIDI port including
the model name
Basic Structure
When connecting via an IEEE1394 cable, the Device Setup
window of the Cubase indicates the Audio Port or MIDI Port
including the model name such as “MOTIF-RACK XS Main L”
and “MOTIF-RACK XS,” making it easy to confirm the current
connection or change the connection. For details, see the
illustration below.
For details refer to the following page:
http://www.yamahasynth.com/
Studio Connections
Voice
What is Studio Connections?
Reference
Multi
Studio Connections is a
sophisticated software/hardware
solution that lets you seamlessly
integrate hardware synthesizers
such as MOTIF-RACK XS into your
computer music system. If you are
using sequencer software that is compatible with Studio
Connections (such as Cubase 4) and the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor, you can use the MOTIF-RACK XS within your sequencer,
just as if it were a plug-in software synthesizer—without the need
for any complicated connections or complex setup procedures.
Furthermore, you can save all MOTIF-RACK XS settings along
with the project (song) file of the sequencer. Then, when you
open the project again, all your MOTIF-RACK XS settings for the
song are instantly recalled. This eliminates the repetitive work of
recreating all your hardware settings when you reopen a song
file.
For details about Studio Connections, visit our web site at:
http://www.studioconnections.org/
Utility
Appendix
24
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
The Controls &
Connectors
Quick Guide
Modes of MOTIF-RACK XS and Basic Operation
Listening to
the Sound
Setting Up
In order to make operation of the MOTIF-RACK XS as comprehensive and as smooth as possible, all functions and operations have
been grouped in “modes.” In this section, we'll take a look at the fundamental operating conventions of the MOTIF-RACK XS. Here,
you'll learn the basics—how to select modes and call up the various functions. You can play the MOTIF-RACK XS in the two modes
below. You can select the desired mode, to suit your particular playing style, music genre or production environment.
Voice Mode
Connections
The Voice mode (page 27) lets you play a wide range of dynamic and authentic instrument sounds (Voices). Only one Voice can be
played simultaneously. Use this mode when you want to play just a single Part. The Voices of the MOTIF-RACK XS are divided into the
following two types:
• Normal Voices (pitched musical instrument-type sounds)
• Drum Voices (percussion/drum sounds)
Using a Computer
Multi Mode
The Multi Mode (page 35) lets you set up the MOTIF-RACK XS as a multi-timbral tone generator for use with computer-based DAW
software or external sequencers. You can play various Voices (up to 16 Parts) simultaneously. By assigning different Voices to each
track in a song file of your sequencer, you can play back a complex band or ensemble performance with just a single MOTIF-RACK XS.
Control Set (page 44)
This function lets you control the various functions of the MOTIF-RACK XS with an external
MIDI controller.
Store (page 46)
This lets you save the edited Voices and various settings to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Utility (page 98)
This lets you set the overall system of the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Basic Structure
This function lets you trigger rhythm patterns, riffs and phrases using the current Voice by
simply playing notes on an external keyboard.
Multi
Appendix
Utility
Reference
Voice
Arpeggio (page 40)
Quick Guide
In addition, the MOTIF-RACK XS provides the following functions.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
25
Modes of MOTIF-RACK XS and Basic Operation
The Controls &
Connectors
The modes of the MOTIF-RACK XS
The chart below lists all the modes of the MOTIF-RACK XS, their general functions and how each can be called up or entered.
Setting Up
Listening to
the Sound
Mode
Function
Entering a mode
Play
Playing a Voice.
[VOICE]
Common Edit
Editing/creating the parameters common to all
Elements/Keys of the selected Voice.
[VOICE] → [EDIT]
Element/Key Edit
Editing/creating the individual Elements/Keys of the
selected Voice.
Can only be edited on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor
Store
Storing a Voice
[VOICE] → [STORE]
Utility
Edit the Master Effect and Master EQ settings, etc.
[VOICE] → [UTILITY]
Play
Playing a Multi.
[MULTI]
Common Edit
Editing/creating the parameters common to all Parts
of the selected Multi.
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select “Common” in the Multi Edit
Select display → [ENTER]
Part Edit
Editing/creating the individual Parts of the selected
Multi.
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select “1” – “16” in the Multi Edit
Select display → [ENTER]
Store
Storing a Multi.
[MULTI] → [STORE]
Utility
Making overall system settings.
[UTILITY]
Effect on/off
Turning the Effects on/off.
[EFFECT]
Category Search
Selecting a Voice using the Category Search function. Press the Encoder knob in the Voice Select display.
Voice mode
Connections
Using a Computer
Multi mode
Quick Guide
Other Functions
Basic Structure
Voice
How to leave the current display
If you want to return from the current display to the previous one, press the [EXIT] button.
You can return back to any of the previously selected basic displays (Voice Play display and Multi Play display) by pressing the [EXIT]
button several times.
Reference
Multi
Utility
n Parameters are divided into two basic groups: (1) functions that are related to each Voice and Multi, and (2) functions that affect all Voices/ Multis. The former are set in
the Voice/ Multi Edit mode and latter in the Utility.
Appendix
n The parameter settings in the Voice mode, Multi mode, and Utility can be stored to User memory with the store function (page 46).
26
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Voice Mode
In this section, you’ll learn about the Voice mode, the most basic mode of the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Normal Voices
Normal Voices are mainly pitched musical instrument-type
sounds (piano, organ, guitar, synthesizer etc.) that can be
played over the range of an external keyboard.
Setting Up
n Make sure that the MIDI Transmit Channel of the external MIDI keyboard
matches the MIDI Receive Channel of the MOTIF-RACK XS (page 21).
Listening to
the Sound
In the Voice Play display (the top display of the Voice Mode), you
can select and play a single Voice.
The Voices of the MOTIF-RACK XS are divided into the following
two types:
In the following section, we’ll select and play some Voices. The
example below assumes that you have connected an external
MIDI keyboard to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Selecting a Voice
1.
Press the [VOICE] button.
This calls up the Voice Play display. (The [VOICE] button
lamp lights.)
Drum Voices
Connections
Playing the Voices
The Preset Banks contain a full set of specially programmed
Voices. Voices you've edited yourself cannot be saved in the
Preset Banks.
Select a Voice Bank with the Cursor [<]/[>] buttons.
In this condition, playing the external keyboard sounds the
Voice indicated in the display. The parameters shown in
the Voice Play mode are briefly explained below.
Voice Play display
User Banks
The User Banks contain the Voices you have edited and stored.
These are picked up from Preset Voices by default
Quick Guide
Preset Banks
2.
Bank
Main Category
Basic Structure
The MOTIF-RACK XS features Banks for memorizing Voices.
There are basically three different types of Banks: Preset, User,
and GM.
The contained Voices and features depend on the Bank as
described below.
Using a Computer
Drum Voices are mainly percussion/drum sounds that are
assigned to individual notes. These Voices are used to perform
rhythm parts.
Program number
Sub Category
n If a Voice in a User Bank (User Voice) is overwritten or replaced, that User
Voice will be lost. When you store an edited Voice, be careful not to
overwrite any important User Voices.
Voice name
In the Voice mode, a total of 15 Banks (Preset Bank 1 – 8, User
Bank 1 – 3, GM Bank, Preset Drum Bank, User Drum, GM Drum
Bank) are available. Each of these Banks includes the Voices
according to the Voice type. In the Voice Play display, you can
select the desired Voice from various Voice Banks and play it.
There are 12 different banks for the Normal Voices: PRE 1
– 8 (Preset Banks), GM (GM Bank), USR 1 – 3 (User
Banks)
Multi
Normal Voice Banks
Drum Voice Banks
Utility
GM (General MIDI) is a worldwide standard for Voice
organization and MIDI functions of synthesizers and tone
generators. It was designed primarily to ensure that any song
data created with a specific GM device would sound virtually the
same on any other GM device—no matter the manufacturer or
the model. The GM Voice bank on this tone generator is
designed to appropriately play back GM song data. However,
keep in mind that the sound may not be exactly the same as
played by the original tone generator.
There are 3 different banks for the Drum Voices: PDR
(Preset Drum Bank), GMDR (GM Drum Bank), UDR (User
Drum Bank)
n If the “Bank/Part Wrap” (page 99) of the Utility General window is set
to “on,” you can change from the last Bank to the first Bank
continuously.
Appendix
GM Voices
Indicates status of Arpeggio function
(page 66). (Not shown when Arpeggio
is off.)
Indicates status of corresponding
effect. (Not shown when effect is off.)
Reference
The GM Bank contains the Voices allocated according to the
GM standard.
Voice
GM Bank
n For details about Voices, refer to “Basic Structure” on page 49. For a list of
available Voices, refer to the Voice List in the separate Data List.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
27
Voice Mode
3.
The Controls &
Connectors
Select a Voice with the Encoder knob or Cursor [L]/
[M] buttons.
Using the Category Search function
The MOTIF-RACK XS Voices are conveniently divided into some
Categories, irrespective of their bank locations. The categories
are divided based on the general instrument type or sound
characteristics. The Category Search function gives you quick
access to the sounds you want.
Setting Up
1.
Press the Encoder knob in the Voice Play display.
The Category Search dialog appears.
n You can use the Encoder knob or Cursor [L]/[M] buttons to select
the Voice number. This operation lets you call up Voices in
subsequent or previous Banks.
Listening to
the Sound
n To quickly move forward through the program (Voice) numbers in
10-step jumps, simultaneously hold down the Cursor [ L] button and
press the Cursor [M] button in the Play display. To do the same in
reverse, use the opposite operation: simultaneously hold down the
Cursor [M] button and press the Cursor [L] button.
Connections
TIP Selecting Voices by receiving MIDI messages
You can select Voices on this instrument from your DAW software
by specifying the following MIDI messages. To do this, the
following three MIDI messages must be transmitted to the
MOTIF-RACK XS.
Using a Computer
• Bank Select MSB (Control #0)
• Bank Select LSB (Control #32)
• Program Change
For example, transmit the following MIDI messages to select the
Voice of program number 12 in the PRE2.
Main Category
Sub Category
n Press [EXIT] to close the Category Search dialog.
2.
Move the cursor position to “Main” (Main Category)
with the Cursor [L] button, and turn the Encoder
knob to select the Main Category.
3.
Move the cursor position to “Sub” (Sub Category)
with the Cursor [M] button, and turn the Encoder
knob to select the Sub Category.
4.
Press the [ENTER] button, Encoder knob, or Cursor
[>] button to actually call up the Category.
Quick Guide
1. Transmit a Bank Select MSB (Control #0) value of 63.
2. Transmit a Bank Select LSB (Control #32) value of 1.
3. Transmit a Program Change value of 12*.
* If you are using a DAW software that has a Program Change value range of 0
to 127, transmit a Program Change value of 11 to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Basic Structure
For details on what values are assigned to the Voice Bank/
Number of this tone generator, see the “MIDI Data Format” in the
separate Data List. Also, for specific Program Change numbers
and the corresponding Voices, refer to the separate Data List.
The Voice List of the selected category is shown.
Currently selected Main
Category and Sub Category
Favorite check box
n Set the MIDI Channel to the same channel as the “Receive Ch (Basic
Voice
Receive Channel)” parameter (page 102).
n When MIDI messages are received in the Voice mode, the [VOICE]
button lamp flashes. This provides a quick way to check whether MIDI
data is being received or not.
Reference
Multi
4.
Play the connected keyboard.
The selected Voice sounds in response to the incoming
MIDI data. Let's play some Voices here.
Voice list of currently
selected category.
5.
n Keep in mind there is also an Audition function (page 16) that lets
Select the Voice with the Cursor [L]/[M] buttons or
Encoder knob.
If you want to change the Category, press the Cursor [<]
button or [EXIT] button and go back to step 2.
you listen to and audition each Voice as you select it.
Utility
6.
Press the [ENTER] button or Encoder knob to
actually call up the Voice.
This closes the Category Search dialog.
Appendix
28
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
1.
Perform steps 1 through 4 of the “Using the
Category Search Function” on page 28 to call up the
Voice List of the selected Category.
2.
Press the Cursor [>] button to move the cursor
position to the Favorite check box column.
3.
Press the Cursor [L]/[M] buttons or turn the Encoder
knob to select the favorite Voice.
4.
Press the [ENTER] button or Encoder knob to place
a check in the Favorite check box.
The Controls &
Connectors
Setting Up
Using Knobs 1 – 5
1.
Listening to
the Sound
Registering your favorite Voices to the Favorite
Category
These let you adjust a variety of parameters for the current
Voice, such as effect depth, attack/release characteristics, tonal
color, and others. Four functions can be assigned to each knob,
alternatively selected via the [SELECT] button. Each press of the
button lets you switch among the function rows, with the
currently enabled row indicated by the corresponding lamp at
left.
Press the [SELECT] button a few times so that the
lamp corresponding to the desired functions lights.
The Knob Select pop-up window will appear. In the pop-up
window, the function currently assigned to the Knob and
the current value of the function are shown.
To close the pop-up window, press the [EXIT] button.
The checkmark will be put to the box, and the selected
Voice will be registered to the Favorite Category.
To remove the checkmark from the box, press the [ENTER]
button or Encoder knob again. To register other Voices,
repeat steps 3 through 4.
Connections
Category Search also has a convenient Favorite Category that
lets you bring together your most often used and favorite Voices
for easy selection. This is one more useful way you can quickly
select the Voices you need from the huge number available on
the instrument.
Using Knobs 1 – 5 to change the
sound
Using a Computer
Grouping your most-used Voices
together—Favorite Category
Knob 1 – 5
Quick Guide
Functions assigned to Knob 1 – 5
Basic Structure
Favorite check box column
Current values of the functions
n The Favorite Category is automatically stored immediately after
n When the “Knob Sel Disp Sw” is set to “off” in the Utility General
checking the box.
Selecting a Voice from the Favorite Category
1.
Press the Encoder knob in the Voice Play display.
The Category Search dialog appears.
2.
Turn a desired Knob while playing the connected
keyboard.
The Knob pop-up window will appear, and the function
assigned to the Knob you're currently operating will affect
the sound of the current Voice. The Knob pop-up window
shows the function assigned to the Knob you're currently
operating, the function value, and the “Original” value. The
“Original” value indicates the unedited value (previously
saved value) of the function assigned to the Knob.
Function of currently operated Knob
Current value
Move the cursor position to “Main” (Main Category)
with the Cursor [L] button, and turn the Encoder
knob to set “Main” to “Favorite.”
Utility
2.
Voice
The Voice selected in the Category Search dialog is
shown.
Knobs 1 – 5 are assigned to the top functions.
Multi
When you complete registering Voices to the
Favorite Category, press the [VOICE] button to
return to the Voice Play display.
Reference
5.
window, the Knob Select pop-up window will not be shown.
n When holding the [SELECT] button for two seconds or longer,
n When no Voice is registered to the Favorite Category, “Favorite”
cannot be selected in the “Main” (Main Category) settings.
Press the [ENTER] button, Encoder knob, or cursor
[>] button to actually call up the Favorite Category.
The list of Voices registered to the Favorite Category will
be shown.
Unedited value (previously saved)
Appendix
3.
n The “Knob Disp Time” (page 99) parameter of the Utility General
window can be used to set the time that the Knob pop-up window
remains displayed. When the “Knob Disp Time” is set to “off,” the
pop-up window appears only when the Knob is pressed.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
29
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Functions of Knobs 1 – 5
2
Setting Up
4
1
3
Knob 1
Knob 2
Knob 3
Knob 5
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
Using a Computer
1 When the 1st lamp is turned on:
Moving Knobs 1 and 2 changes the Filter parameters on the Filter display (pages 68, 83, and 96).
Moving Knob 3 changes one of the FEG parameters on the EG display (pages 68 and 96). Moving
Knobs 4 and 5 changes two of the parameters on the Play Mode display (pages 65, 83 and 94).
Knob 1
CUTOFF
Raises or lowers the Filter Cutoff Frequency (pages 68 and 96) to adjust the tone brilliance.
Knob 2
RESONANCE
Raises or lowers the Resonance (pages 68 and 96) to boost the level of the signal in the area of the
cutoff frequency. By emphasizing the overtones in this area, this can produce a distinctive “peaky”
tone, making the sound brighter and harder.
Knob 3
FEG DEPTH (Filter EG Depth)
Raises or lowers the Filter EG Depth (pages 68 and 96) to change the range of the cutoff
frequency. When a Drum Voice is selected, this parameter cannot be set.
Knob 4
PORTAMENTO
Raises or lowers the Portamento Time (pages 65 and 95) to determine the pitch transition time or
the speed of the pitch change when Portamento is applied. If you continue turning the knob toward
the left, this parameter setting will turn “off” and set the “Porta Sw (Portamento Switch)” to “off.”
Knob 5
VOLUME
Sets the volume of the Voice (pages 65 and 94).
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
2 When the 2nd lamp is turned on:
Moving Knobs 1 – 4 changes the AEG parameters on the EG display (pages 68, 83, and 96).
Moving Knob 5 changes one of the parameters on the Play Mode display (pages 65, 83, and 94).
Knob 1
ATTACK (AEG Attack Time)
Increases or decreases the AEG Attack Time (pages 69 and 96) of the current Voice to adjust the
attack rate. Positive values increasingly slow down the attack rate, while negative values speed it
up.
Knob 2
DECAY (AEG Decay Time)
Increases or decreases the AEG Decay Time (pages 69 and 96) of the current Voice, controlling
how fast the volume falls from maximum attack level to the sustain level. The smaller the value, the
faster the decay.
Knob 3
SUSTAIN (AEG Sustain Level)
Increases or decreases the AEG Sustain Level (pages 69 and 96) at which the volume will
continue while a key is held, after the initial attack and decay. When a Drum Voice is selected, this
parameter cannot be set.
Knob 4
RELEASE (AEG Release Time)
Increases or decreases the AEG Release Time (pages 69 and 96) of the sound, controlling the
time that the volume falls from the sustain level to zero when a Note Off message is received. When
a Drum Voice is selected, this parameter cannot be set.
Knob 5
PAN
Adjusts the stereo pan position of the current Voice (pages 65 and 94).
Voice
Reference
Multi
3 When the 3rd lamp is turned on:
Moving Knobs 1 – 5 changes the parameters on the 3 Band EQ display (pages 71 and 83)/ Part
EQ display (page 96).
Knob 1
EQ LOW (EQ Low Gain)
Increases or decreases the EQ Low Gain (pages 71 and 96) to change the sound.
Knob 2
EQ MID F (EQ Middle Frequency)
Increases or decreases the EQ Middle Frequency (pages 71 and 96) around which the band is
adjusted via Knob 3 (EQ MID).
Knob 3
EQ MID (EQ Middle Gain)
Increases or decreases the EQ Middle Gain (pages 71 and 96) to change the current Voice.
Knob 4
EQ MID Q (EQ Middle Q)
Increases or decreases the EQ Middle Q (pages 71 and 97) to change the width of the band over
which you can adjust the gain via Knob 3 (EQ Middle Gain). Turning Knob 4 clockwise increases
the Q value to reduce the band width. Turning Knob 4 counter-clockwise decreases the Q value to
widen the band width.
Knob 5
EQ HIGH (EQ High Gain)
Increases or decreases the EQ High Gain (pages 71 and 96) to change the current Voice.
Utility
4 When the 4th lamp is turned on:
Moving Knobs 1 and 2 changes parameters on the Effect display (pages 72 and 83)/ Fx Send
display (page 97). Moving Knobs 3 and 4 changes parameters on the Control display (pages 71,
83, and 93). Moving Knob 5 changes one of the parameters on the Arp Edit display (page 66) or
Arpeggio display (page 91).
Knob 1
CHORUS (Chorus Send)
Adjusts the Chorus Send Level (pages 72 and 83).
Knob 2
REVERB (Reverb Send)
Adjusts the Reverb Send Level (pages 72 and 83).
Knob 3
ASSIGN 1 (Assign 1 value)
Knob 4
ASSIGN 2 (Assign 2 value)
A variety of functions can be assigned to these Knobs. Turning the Knob can edit the value of the
function assigned to the Knob as offset. You can confirm the functions currently assigned to these
Knobs in the Control display (pages 71 and 93) in the Voice Common Edit / Multi Common Edit.
Knob 5
TEMPO (Arpeggio Tempo)
Adjusts the tempo for the Arpeggio playback (pages 66 and 91).
Appendix
n Operating the knobs may have little to no effect on certain voices.
n The Multi mode features the same parameter-to-knob assignments as the Voice mode.
30
Knob 4
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
The E Indicator
1. In the Edit mode (with the E indicator shown in the
Setting Up
When changing the value of the parameter in the Voice/Multi
Play or Edit display, the E (Edit) Indicator will appear on the top
right corner of the LCD. This gives a quick confirmation that the
current Voice/Multi has been modified but not yet stored. To
store the current edited status, follow the instructions on page
46.
The Controls &
Connectors
TIP Compare Function
When you're editing a Voice or Multi, this feature lets you quickly
and easily hear the effect of the edits you make—allowing you to
switch between the original, unedited Voice/Multi and the newly
edited settings.
display and the [EDIT] button lamp lit), press the [EDIT]
button.
Edit Indicator
Listening to
the Sound
The [EDIT] button lamp will flash, and the C (Compare) indicator
is shown at the top of the display (in place of the E (Edit)
indicator), and the original, unedited Voice is restored for
monitoring.
n For certain Arpeggio types or Audition Phrase types, playing the MOTIF-
Compare Indicator
Connections
RACK XS sound will show the E (Edit) Indicator.
2. Press the [EDIT] button again to disable the Compare
function.
Normal Voice Edit
n The Compare function is also available in the Multi Edit mode.
n While Compare is active, you cannot make edits to the parameters.
Basic Structure
A Normal Voice (pitched musical instrument-type sounds) can
consist of up to eight Elements. There are two types of Voice Edit
displays: Common Edit, for editing the settings common to all
eight Elements; and Element Edit, for editing individual
Elements. In Element Edit, you can edit the parameters only on
the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Quick Guide
This returns the Voice to its current edited condition. (The E
indicator is shown in the display and the [EDIT] button lamp
lights.) Compare the edited sound with the unedited sound as
desired by repeating steps 1 and 2.
Drum Voice Edit
2.
Press the [EDIT] button to enter the Common Edit
mode.
Voice
Press the [VOICE] button to show the Voice Play
display, then select a Voice to be edited (page 27).
The Voice Edit Select display appears.
Indicates that Common Edit is selected.
Utility
An Element is the basic and the smallest unit for a Voice, and is
created by applying various parameters (Effect, EG, etc.) to the
waveform of the instrument sound. Each Voice of the MOTIFRACK XS consists of several Elements.
1.
Names of the selectable Edit displays are shown.
Appendix
About Elements
Normal Voice Edit/ Drum Voice Edit
Reference
There are two types of Drum Voice Edit displays: Common Edit,
for editing the settings that apply to all Drum keys in the Voice;
and Key Edit, for editing individual keys. In Key Edit, you can
edit the parameters only on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Multi
“Editing” refers to the process of creating a Voice by changing
the parameters that make up the Voice. This can be done in
Voice Edit, a sub mode within the Voice mode.
The actual parameters that are available differ depending on the
Voice type.
Using a Computer
Voice Editing
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
31
Voice Mode
3.
The Controls &
Connectors
4.
Move the cursor position to the desired Edit display
with the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>] buttons or Encoder
knob.
Press the [ENTER] button or Encoder knob to call
up the desired Edit display.
Setting Up
The selected Edit display appears.
Edit display name
Currently displayed page
number / the total number of
current Edit display pages
Indicating that up (▲) or down (▼) additional
hidden pages with Cursor [L]/[M] buttons.
Editing the Elements/ Drum Keys on the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor
Listening to
the Sound
If you want to do detailed editing of the Elements/ Drum Keys of
the MOTIF-RACK XS, you can do that on the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor. Included in the Element/ Drum Key settings are Oscillator,
Pitch, Filter, Amplitude, and EG (Envelope Generator), and other
parameters. For a complete list of the parameters, refer to
Element Edit (page 73) and Key Edit (page 84) in the Reference
section.
When both the MOTIF-RACK XS data and the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor are synchronized, the settings in the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor will be reflected to the same as in the MOTIF-RACK XS.
For details about how to connect the MOTIF-RACK XS to the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, refer to the section “Using the MOTIFRACK XS Editor” (page 23).
TIP Assigning drum/percussion instruments to
Parameter name
Connections
5.
Parameter value
Press the Cursor [L]/[M] buttons to select the
desired parameter.
For details about each parameter, refer to the Reference
section (page 64).
individual keys
In the Drum Key Edit mode on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, you
can create your own original drum kits by assigning specific
instrument sounds to individual keys (in any desired order) and
edit detailed parameters for each key's sound. For detailed
instructions, refer to the Owner’s Manual of the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor via the Help menu in the program.
Using a Computer
n On the Edit display, simultaneously holding down the Cursor [M]
button and pressing the Cursor [L] button selects the first parameter
on the previous page, while holding down the Cursor [ L] button and
pressing the Cursor [M] button selects the first parameter on the next
page.
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
6.
Turn the Encoder knob to change the Parameter
settings.
7.
Repeat steps 3 – 6 as desired.
8.
Name the edited Voice.
Input the desired name in the “Name” parameter in the
Name display of Common Edit. For detailed instructions on
naming, see page 47.
TIP Setting the drum key for independent open
and closed hi-hat sounds
In a real drum kit, some drum sounds cannot physically be
played simultaneously, such as open and closed hi-hats. You can
prevent different drum instruments from playing back
simultaneously by assigning them to the same Alternate Group
(page 84).
The preset Drum Voices have many such Alternate Group
assignments to ensure the most authentic, natural sound. When
creating a Voice from scratch, you can use this feature on the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor—either to ensure authentic sound, or to
create special effects, where playing one sound cancels out a
previous one. For detailed instructions, refer to the Owner’s
Manual of the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor via the Help menu in the
program.
TIP Determining how the Drum Voice responds
Voice
when the key is released
9.
Press the [STORE] to store the edited Voice.
Reference
Multi
For details about storing the Voice, see page 46.
n When you press the [EDIT] button in the Store display, you can
check the sound of the Voice at the storing destination by playing
the connected keyboard or playing the Audition Phrase (Store
Compare function).
CAUTION
Utility
The edited Voice will be lost when selecting a different Voice or
turning the power off. Make sure to store the Voice data to the
internal memory by pressing the [STORE] button before selecting a
different Voice or turning the power off.
n If desired, save the edited and stored Voices to the MOTIF-RACK XS
Appendix
Editor on a computer connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS. Keep in
mind that edited Voice data is stored to internal User memory (Flash
ROM) and is maintained even when turning the power off. As such it
is not necessary to save the data to an external device; however, we
still recommend that you save or archive all important data to an
external device. For details, see page 47.
32
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
You can determine whether or not the selected Drum key
responds to MIDI Note Off messages in the Drum Key Edit on the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor. Setting the “Receive Note Off”
parameter (page 84) to “off” can be useful for cymbal sounds
and other sustaining sounds. This lets you have the selected
sounds sustain to the length of their natural decay even if you
release the note, or when a Note Off message is received. If this
parameter is set to “on,” the sound will stop immediately when a
Note Off message is received.
TIP Setting the Output destination for each key
You can change the output destination for the individual Drum
key signal in the Drum Key Edit on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
This function is useful when you wish to apply a connected
external effect to a specific drum instrument. For details, see the
section “Output Select” (page 85) in Key Edit of the Reference
section.
n The “Output Select” parameter is available only when the “Ins Effect
Output (Insertion Effect Output)” parameter is set to “thru” in the OSC
(Oscillator) section on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Voice Mode
3.
Move the cursor position to “Ins A”/“Ins B” with the
Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>] buttons, then press the
[ENTER] button.
The Controls &
Connectors
Using Voice Effects
The Effect Parameters display (page 72) will appear. In the
display, you can set the Insertion Effect types or
parameters.
In the final stages of programming, you can set effects
parameters to further change the sound's character. In the Voice
Mode, you can set up and store effects with each Voice. For
details on the structure of the effects, see the Effect Block in the
Basic Structure (page 57). For details on the effect parameters,
see the Effect display of the Voice mode in the Reference
section (page 72).
Setting Up
Currently edited effect
Select the Voice you wish to edit (page 27).
Currently selected effect type
The Effect display in the Voice Common Edit appears.
n Holding the [EFFECT] button for two seconds or more also calls up
n For details about effect categories, effect types, and effect
the Effect display in the current mode.
6.
Move the cursor position to the Insertion
Connection with the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>] buttons,
then turn the Encoder knob to determine the effect
routing for Insertion Effects A and B.
7.
As necessary, set the “Element Out” (page 72)/ “Key
Out” (page 83) parameters in the Effect display on
the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
3 System Effect
1 Insertion Connection
Determine the effect routing for Insertion Effects A and B.
2 Insertion Effect
Indicates the currently selected effect type of Insertion Effect A
or B. When the cursor is located at “Ins A” / “Ins B,” pressing the
[ENTER] button or the Encoder knob calls up the Effect
Parameters display, letting you set the effect type or effect
parameters.
8.
3 System Effect (Chorus/ Reverb)
Indicates the currently selected effect types of the System Effect
(Chorus/ Reverb), and Set the Send levels and Return levels.
When the cursor is located at “Chorus” / “Reverb,” pressing the
[ENTER] button or the Encoder knob calls up the Effect
Parameters display, letting you set the effect type or effect
parameters.
Voice
The “Element Out” parameter determines whether the
signals for each individual Element 1 – 8 are sent to
Insertion Effect (A or B) or if they bypass the Insertion
Effect. The “Key Out” parameter determines whether the
signals for each individual Drum Key are sent to Insertion
Effect (A or B) or if they bypass the Insertion Effect.
Move the cursor position to the “Chorus”/“Reverb”
with the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>] buttons, then press
the [ENTER] button.
This calls up the relevant effect parameters display (page
72). In the display, set the System Effect (Chorus/Reverb).
9.
Move the cursor position to the effect type
parameter or effect parameters, then turn the
Encoder knob to change each parameter setting.
n For details about effect categories, effect types, and effect
parameters, refer to the section “Basic Structure” on page 59 or the
effect related list in the separate Data List.
Utility
2 Insertion Effect
Quick Guide
Press the [EXIT] button to return to the Effect
display.
Basic Structure
5.
Using a Computer
parameters, refer to the section “Basic Structure” on page 59 or the
effect related list in the separate Data List
The selected parameter name and value are shown.
1 Insertion Connection
Move the cursor position to the effect type
parameter or the effect parameters with the Cursor
[L]/[M] buttons, then turn the Encoder knob to
change each of the parameter settings.
Connections
4.
10. Press the [EXIT] button to return to the Effect
display.
Appendix
Press the [EDIT] button, move the cursor position to
the “Effect” in the Voice Edit Select display, then
press the [ENTER] button.
Reference
2.
Multi
1.
Listening to
the Sound
Here we'll show an example how to edit effect settings.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
33
Voice Mode
11. Move the cursor position to Send level, Return level,
The Controls &
Connectors
or Pan, then turn the Encoder knob to set the levels.
Switching the Effect on/off
n For Drum Voices, the “Chorus Send (Key Chorus Send)” / “Reverb
From the Effect dialog (called up by pressing the [EFFECT]
button), you can switch the Insertion Effects, System Effects
(Chorus / Reverb), and Master Effect on or off.
These Effect settings are temporary and will reset to “on” when
the power is switched off. Also, these settings are applied to all
Voices/ Multis.
As for the Master Effect setting in this dialog, it is linked with the
Master Effect Switch in the Voice mode / Multi mode.
Send (Key Reverb Send)” parameters (page 84) or the “Chorus Ins
Send (Insertion Chorus Send)” / “Reverb Ins Send (Reverb Insertion
Send)” parameters (page 84) on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor
determine the Send levels for each Key of the current Drum Voice.
Setting Up
12. Press the [STORE] button to store the Voice.
The Effect parameters in the Voice mode can be set for
each Voice. If you wish to save the new settings, store the
settings with the other Voice parameters as a single Voice
before you leave the selected Voice (page 46).
n When you press the [EDIT] button in the Store display, you can
Insertion Effect A and B settings
Reverb settings
Chorus settings
Listening to
the Sound
check the sound of the Voice at the storing destination by playing
the connected keyboard or playing the Audition Phrase (Store
Compare function).
CAUTION
If you call up another Voice or another mode without storing, the
edited settings may be lost.
Connections
13. If desired, set the Master Effect or the Master EQ.
Using a Computer
These settings are found in the Utility Voice MEF window
(page 102) or Utility Voice MEQ window (page 103). To call
up these displays, use this procedure:
Voice mode → [UTILITY] → select “Voice MEF”/“Voice
MEQ” → [ENTER]
For details on the structure of the effects, refer to Effect
Block of the “Basic Structure” on page 57.
14. Press the [STORE] button to store the edited Voice.
Quick Guide
When you execute this store operation in the Utility Voice
MEF window / Utility Voice MEQ window, the entire system
settings including the MEF/MEQ settings are stored.
To go back to the original display in the Voice mode, press
the [EXIT] button twice.
Basic Structure
CAUTION
If the power is turned off without storing, the edited settings may
be lost.
Voice
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
34
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Effect icons
Master Effect settings
When each Effect parameter is set to “on,” the corresponding
Effects are enabled and the Effect icons are shown. When each
Effect parameter is set to “off,” the corresponding Effects are
disabled and the Effect icons are off.
n The Master Effect Switch can also be set via the “Switch” parameter of
the Utility Voice MEF window (page 103) in the Voice mode or the
“Switch” parameter of the Master Effect parameters display (page 93)
in Multi Common Edit.
n Even if the “Ins Effect Sw (Insertion Effect Switch)” in Multi Part Edit is
set to “on” (page 97), setting the “Ins A&B” to “off” in the Effect dialog
will disable the Insertion Effect of the selected Multi.
n When selecting the Voice/Multi which Effects in the Effect dialog are
set to on for all units, the lamp of the [EFFECT] button will light.
n Holding the [EFFECT] button for two seconds or more calls up the
Effect display in Common Edit.
Multi Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Multi Mode
Setting Up
The Multi mode lets you set up the MOTIF-RACK XS as a multi-timbral tone generator for use with computer-based music software or
external sequencers. If each track in a song file uses a different MIDI channel, you can independently assign each of the Parts in a
Multi to those MIDI channels. In this way, you can play back the song data on a sequencer with each track playing a different Voice.
You can create a Multi containing up to 16 Parts using the internal tone generator. Since there is only one bank for Multi, you need not
select a Multi Bank.
n About the User Bank of Multis
When shipped from the factory, this tone generator contains a full set of specially programmed 128 User Multis in the User Bank. If a Multi in a User Bank is overwritten,
the User Multi will be lost. When you store the edited Multi, be careful not to overwrite any important User Multis.
On the MOTIF-RACK XS, press the [MULTI] button to
enter the Multi mode.
Listening to
the Sound
3.
The lamp of the [MULTI] button lights.
2.
On the computer, start the DAW software, then open
the new file.
Set the MIDI related settings such as MIDI port and MIDI
transmit channel for each track by following the
instructions on page 22.
Using a Computer
Connect the MOTIF-RACK XS to the computer
following the instructions on page 17.
Multi Play display
Bank
Program number
Part
Multi name
Quick Guide
1.
Connections
From the Multi Play display in the Multi mode, you can select
and play any of the Multis. For more details about Multis, see
page 25. Here, you’ll learn how to play back song files of the
DAW software on your computer with the MOTIF-RACK XS.
MIDI port
If you are using the internal tone generator of the MOTIFRACK XS, set the MIDI port for each track of the DAW
software to “1.”
On/off status for Arpeggio
Switch (page 91)
MIDI channel
4.
Select a Multi with the Cursor [L]/[M] buttons and
Encoder knob, then set the desired parameters for
each Part.
Voice
Assign the various settings to each Part, such as the
desired Voice, appropriate MIDI Receive Channels, and
Effects for optimum playback of the song. For more
information, refer to page 36.
For details, refer to the manual of your DAW software.
n When shipped from the factory, the MOTIF-RACK XS contains a full
set of specially programmed 128 User Multis in the User Bank. If you
wish to initialize all settings for a selected Multi, press the [ENTER]
button while holding the [MULTI] button.
n You can increase the program number by 10 by simultaneously
holding down the [L] button and pressing the [M] button. To
decrease by 10, do the opposite; simultaneously hold down the [ M]
button and press the [L] button.
Utility
Record your song data to the DAW software.
For details, refer to the owner’s manual of your DAW
software.
Appendix
5.
Reference
Match the MIDI transmit channels of the DAW software
with the receive channels of the Multi Parts. The receive
channels of the Multi can be set in the Voice display of the
Multi Part Edit mode (page 94).
Basic Structure
On/off status for
each Effect block
Multi
Playing a Multi
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
35
Multi Mode
6.
The Controls &
Connectors
Play back the song file on the DAW software to play
the sounds of the MOTIF-RACK XS.
3.
Setting Up
When a Note On message is received, the corresponding
Part is played. For example, when you play back tracks on
the sequencer, the Part whose Receive Channel is same
as the DAW software track's Transmit Channel is played. If
two or more Parts have the same MIDI receive channel
value, those Parts will play in unison. For details about the
channel settings, see page 21.
Select “Common” or one of the “1” – “16” settings
with the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>] buttons and Encoder
knob.
Select “Common” when you want to edit the Common
parameters. Select the desired number from “1” – “16”
when you want to edit the individual Part parameters.
Common Edit
Multi mode
External keyboard
External sequencer
Listening to
the Sound
Song playback
Part Edit
Tone generator
Multi
Part
4.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Press the [ENTER] button or the Encoder knob.
Connections
The Common Edit Select display or the Part Edit Select
display appears.
16
Voice
5.
Select a menu with the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>] buttons
and the Encoder knob.
Playing a Multi
Using a Computer
Menus available for
Common Edit
Change the sound of the current Multi by using Knobs 1 – 5
Quick Guide
You can change the sound of the current Multi by using Knobs 1
– 5 on the front panel. These knobs are assigned to control
parameters common to all Multi Parts. For information on
operating these knobs and assigned functions, refer to
explanations (page 29) about the Voice mode.
Common Edit Select display
Indicates the currently selected Part
Menus available for
Part Edit
Basic Structure
Editing the Multi
The Multi Edit functions consist of Common Edit and Part Edit.
Common Edit lets you edit the parameters common to all the
Parts while Part Edit lets you edit the parameters for each of the
Parts.
Voice
1.
Part Edit Select display
6.
Press the [ENTER] button or Encoder knob to select
the particular Edit display.
The Edit display of the selected menu will appear.
Press the [MULTI] button to enter the Multi mode,
then select the desired Multi (page 35).
Reference
Multi
If you are creating a Multi from scratch, use the convenient
Initialize function. Pressing the [ENTER] button while
holding the [MULTI] button initializes all settings for the
selected Multi. Initializing the selected Multi can also be
performed from the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor. For
information about data communication between MOTIFRACK XS Editor and this instrument, see page 23. For
instructions about the Initialize function, refer to the manual
of the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Indicates the currently
selected Parts which
can be changed.
Common Edit
Edit display name
Example: MEQ display of Common Edit
Utility
Part Edit
2.
Press the [EDIT] button to enter the Multi Edit mode.
The Multi Edit Select display appears.
Appendix
Example: Play Mode display of Part Edit
36
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Multi Mode
Select the desired parameter with the Cursor [L]/[M]
buttons.
For details about each parameter, refer to the Reference
section (page 91).
12. Assign a name to the edited Multi.
You can assign a name to the edited Multi in the Name
display of the Common Edit. For instructions on naming,
see page 47.
The Controls &
Connectors
7.
n On the Edit display, holding the [M] button then pressing the [L]
button moves the cursor to the parameter at the top of the next
page, while holding the [L] button then pressing the [M] button
moves the cursor to the parameter at the top of the previous page.
13. Press the [STORE] button to store the edited Multi.
TIP Assigning a Voice to each Part
n From the Multi Store window, you can check the sound of the Multi
specified as destination by pressing the [EDIT] button in the window.
Use this function named “Store Compare” before executing the
Store operation.
CAUTION
In Part Edit:
Call up the Voice display (page 94) of the desired Part (this
operation corresponds to steps 3 – 6), then select a Bank and
Voice number in the Voice display (this operation corresponds to
steps 7 – 8).
The edited Multi will be lost when selecting a different Multi or
turning the power off. Make sure to store the Multi data to the
internal memory by pressing the [STORE] button before selecting a
different Multi or turning the power off.
By using the Category Search function:
The Category Search function is available in the Multi mode as
well as in the Voice mode via the following two methods.
When you execute the Store operation, the settings for the
destination memory will be overwritten. Important data should
always be backed up to the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor on a computer
connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Listening to
the Sound
Edit the value of the selected parameter by turning
the Encoder knob.
CAUTION
Connections
8.
Setting Up
Up to 128 User Multis can be stored in the User Memory.
For instructions on storing, see page 46.
Using a Computer
• [MULTI] → select any Part → press the Encoder knob to
call up the Category Search dialog
• [MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select
“Voice” → [ENTER] → press the Encoder knob to call up
the Category Search dialog
Quick Guide
For information about how to set the Category Search dialog,
refer to explanations of the Voice mode (page 28).
Basic Structure
By using MIDI messages:
You can select a Voice by transmitting the appropriate MIDI
messages from the external DAW software. Transmitting the Bank
Select MSB, Bank Select LSB and Program Change messages to
the MOTIF-RACK XS will change the Voice of the Part of which
the MIDI Receive channel is same as that of the Transmit
Channel.
n The Transmit Channel of the Bank Select MSB, Bank Select LSB and
Program Change messages should be set to the value same as the
MIDI Receive Channel for the desired Part.
n The lamp of the [MULTI] button flashes while the MIDI messages are
If the MOTIF-RACK XS is in Multi Part Edit, change
the Part by using the [<]/[>] buttons, then edit the
parameters.
Reference
9.
n When the “Bank/Part Wrap” parameter (page 99) is set to “on” in the
Utility General display, you can select the Part values continuously in
“wrap around” fashion, backwards or forwards, when using the
Cursor [<]/[>] buttons.
Utility
10. Set the Effect related parameters.
Multi
Voice
received in the Multi mode.
For details, see the next section, “Effect setting in the Multi
mode.”
Appendix
11. Repeat steps 3 – 10 as desired.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
37
Multi Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Effect settings in the Multi mode
In the final stages of programming and creating sounds, you can use effects to further enhance and change the character of the sound
— such as by applying a deep, ambient reverb, or by using chorus to make certain sounds richer and more animated. When you edit
Multi Effect parameters, keep in mind that there are two different types:
Setting Up
Parameters specific to individual Parts (in Multi Part Edit)
A
B
Part EQ
Insertion Effect Switch on/off and Send Level/Dry Level settings for System Effects
Parameters common to all Parts (in Multi Common Edit)
Listening to
the Sound
C
D
E
System Effect settings such as Effect Type and Return Level
Master Effect
Master EQ
Effect setting flow in the Multi mode
Connections
System
Effect
Reverb Type
Using a Computer
Tone
generator
Part 1
Part 2
A
Part EQ
Insertion
effect can be
applied to a Chorus Send
maximum of Reverb Send
eight Parts
Chorus to
Reverb
C
Reverb Return
Reverb Pan
Chorus Return
Chorus Pan
D
Chorus Type
E
Ins Effect
B
MEF
Quick Guide
Dry Level
MEQ
Output
Part 16
Basic Structure
n The audio signals of the Parts for which the “Output Select” parameter (page 96)) is set to something other than “L&R” can be applied at only “Par t EQ” and “Ins Effect
(Insertion Effect)” as shown above and output. The signals are not applied at the effect settings after “Chorus Send”/ “Reverb Send”/ “Dry Level” in the signal flow.
Below is an example of editing effect settings in the Multi Mode.
Select the desired Multi for editing in the Multi mode
(page 35).
2.
Press the [EDIT] button to enter the Multi Edit mode.
Voice
1.
The Multi Edit Select display appears.
Reference
Multi
3.
Choose a Part to which you want to apply the
Insertion Effect with the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>]
buttons and Encoder knob, then press the [ENTER]
button to actually select the Part for editing.
The Part Edit Select display appears.
Utility
4.
Select “Fx Send” by using the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>]
buttons and Encoder knob, then press the [ENTER]
button.
Appendix
The Fx Send display appears.
38
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
5.
Move the cursor position to “Ins Effect Sw,” then set
the value to on by turning the Encoder knob B . If
desired, select a different Part by using the Cursor
[<]/[>] buttons, then set this parameter likewise.
By setting the Ins Effect Sw parameter to on, you can apply
the Insertion Effect which is set to the Voice of the current
Part to the currently edited Part. Note that this parameter
can be set to on for up to eight Parts simultaneously.
Multi Mode
In the same display, move the cursor position to
“Chorus Send,” “Reverb Send” and “Dry Level,”
then set the values by turning the Encoder knob
11. Press the [EXIT] button to return to the Effect
display.
B
The Controls &
Connectors
6.
.
You can adjust the Chorus Send Level, Reverb Send Level
and Dry Level for the currently selected Part.
12. Move the cursor position to “Chorus Return,”
Setting Up
“Chorus Pan,” “Reverb Return,” “Reverb Pan” or
“Chorus to Reverb” by using the Cursor buttons,
then set the value by turning the Encoder knob C .
These parameters determine the depth or degree with
which the Effect is applied.
13. Move the cursor position to “Master,” press the
n Setting Reverb Send and Chorus Send to values of 0 will result in no
Reverb/Chorus being applied to the current Part.
In the Master Effect (MEF) display (page 93), you can edit
the parameters for the Master Effect common to all Parts.
Press the [EXIT] button twice to return to the Multi
Edit Select display.
Listening to
the Sound
7.
[ENTER] button, then set the related parameters.
14. Set the parameters related to the Master EQ (MEQ)
and Part EQ
A
E
.
15. Press the [STORE] button to store the edited Multi.
Quick Guide
The Effect related settings can be stored as a Multi. For
instructions on storing, see page 46.
The Common Edit display appears.
9.
Using a Computer
Select “Common” by using the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>]
buttons and Encoder knob, then press the [ENTER]
button.
n From the Multi Store window, you can hear the sound of the Multi
Select “Effect” by using the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>]
buttons and Encoder knob, then press the [ENTER]
button.
The Effect display appears.
specified as destination by pressing the [EDIT] button in the window.
Use this function named “Store Compare” before executing the
Store operation.
CAUTION
The edited Multi including the Effect settings will be lost when
selecting a different Multi or turning the power off. Make sure to
store the Multi data to the internal memory by pressing the [STORE]
button before selecting a different Multi or turning the power off.
Chorus Return
Chorus to Reverb
Basic Structure
8.
Connections
When setting the Master EQ, press the [EXIT] button a few
times to return to the Multi Common Edit Select display,
select “MEQ,” then press the [ENTER] button to call up the
MEQ display (page 92). When setting the Part EQ, press
the [EXIT] button a few times to return to the Multi Edit
Select display, select any Part from 1 – 16, press the
[ENTER] button, select “Part EQ,” then press the [ENTER]
button to call up the Part EQ display (page 96).
Chorus pan
CAUTION
System Effect
Voice
Master
Effect
When you execute the Store operation, the settings for the
destination memory will be overwritten. Important data should
always be backed up to the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor on a computer
connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Reverb Pan
10. Move the cursor position to “Chorus” or “Reverb”
by using the Cursor buttons, press the [ENTER]
button, then set the parameters.
Utility
In the Reverb or Chorus displays, you can set the System
Effect (to which Reverb/Chorus belong) parameters, such
as Effect type and detailed Effect parameters.
Multi
Reference
Reverb Return
n For details about the Effect categories, types and parameters, refer
Appendix
to page 59 and the Effect related list in the separate Data List
booklet.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
39
Using the Arpeggio Function
The Controls &
Connectors
Playing four Parts in a layer
with a single MIDI keyboard
Setting Up
In the Multi mode, you can set so that four Voices (Parts) can
sound simultaneously by receiving the MIDI messages for a
single MIDI channel from an external MIDI keyboard or
computer (DAW software).
The settings for the Parts 1 – 4 of a preset Multi can be made to
create a thick, richly textured sound and Arpeggio playback
(rhythm pattern, etc.) simply by playing a single MIDI keyboard
(over a single MIDI channel), and serve as inspiration for song
creation and music performance.
Here, we’ll show you how to play the four Voices (Parts) simply
by using a single MIDI keyboard. After connecting the MIDI
keyboard to the MOTIF-RACK XS via MIDI, follow the
instructions below.
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
1.
Press the [UTILITY] button to enter the Utility mode.
n The MIDI channel settings for the Multi Parts 1 – 4 will be maintained
regardless of the “Layer 1-4 Parts” parameter setting. These settings
are available only when the “Layer 1-4 Parts” parameter is set to “off.”
n If you have changed the MIDI related parameters from the initial
factory settings, make sure to set the “Receive Ch” parameters
(page 94) for Parts 5 – 16 to values different from the value of the
Receive Ch parameter (page 102) in the Utility mode before setting
the Layer 1 – 4 Parts parameter.
4.
Press the [MULTI] button to call up the Multi Play
display, then select a Multi by using the Cursor [L]/
[M] buttons or the Encoder knob.
5.
On the external MIDI keyboard, set the MIDI Transmit
Channel (via the keyboard performance) to the value
same as the setting of the Receive Ch parameter
(page 102) in the Utility parameters of the Voice
mode of the MOTIF-RACK XS.
6.
Play a note on the keyboard connected to the
MOTIF-RACK XS.
The Utility Select window appears.
2.
Using a Computer
Select “General” by using the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>]
buttons or the Encoder knob, then press the
[ENTER] button or the Encoder knob.
The Utility General display appears.
3.
Quick Guide
Move the cursor position to “Layer 1-4 Parts” (page
98) in the second page by using the Cursor [L]/[M]/
[<]/[>] buttons, then set the value to “on” by turning
the Encoder knob.
Simply pressing a single note will play the four Voices
simultaneously and may trigger Arpeggio playback
depending on the Multi settings.
n When a computer is connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS and the
Basic Structure
When this parameter is set to on, the Parts 1 – 4 of the
current Multi will handle only the MIDI messages of the
MIDI channel set to the same value as specified in the
“Receive Ch (Basic Receive Channel)” parameter (page
102) in the Utility parameters of the Voice mode,
regardless of the MIDI Receive channel setting for each
Part.
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor has been installed, you can try the
additional Multi programs provided in the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, the 384 (128 x 3 banks) Multi
programs are provided. In the online status between the MOTIFRACK XS Editor and instrument, select a Multi which is not included
in the MOTIF-RACK XS on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor then try
playing the keyboard.
Using the Arpeggio Function
Voice
What is the Arpeggio function?
Reference
Multi
This function automatically triggers preset arpeggio phrases, riffs, and rhythmic patterns according to the notes you play. It not only
provides inspiration and full rhythmic passages over which you can perform, it gives you quality MIDI data you can use in creating
songs, or fully formed backing parts to be used in your live performances. You can assign the desired five Arpeggio Types to each
Voice. You can also set the Arpeggio playback method, Velocity range and Play Effects to create your own original grooves. What's
more, Arpeggio playback can be transmitted through the MIDI Out, letting you record the Arpeggio data to the external MIDI
sequencer or the DAW software on your computer.
Utility
TIP Transmitting Arpeggio playback as MIDI data
If you want to use the Arpeggios to trigger other MIDI tone generators or record the MIDI data of Arpeggios to the external MIDI sequencer
or the DAW software on your computer for further editing, you can have the Arpeggio playback data transmitted as MIDI data via the USB,
mLAN, or MIDI OUT terminal. This is done by setting the following switch parameters to “on”:
Appendix
Voice Arpeggio: Voice mode → [UTILITY] → select “Voice MIDI” → [ENTER] → “Arp MIDI Out Sw”
Multi Arpeggio: Multi mode → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Arpeggio” → [ENTER] → select “Arp Edit” → [ENTER] → “Arp MIDI Out Sw”
40
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Using the Arpeggio Function
Arpeggio structure
The Controls &
Connectors
The following illustration indicates the data structure of the Arpeggio.
Up to five Arpeggio types can be assigned to each Voice or each Part of a Multi.
Voice
Arp Sw = on
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Voice
Arp Sw = off
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Arp Commo Sw = on
Part 2
Part 3
Part 15
Arp Sw = on
Arp Sw = on
Arp Sw = off
Arp Sw = on
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Part 16
Setting Up
Part 1
Arp Sw = on
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Listening to
the Sound
Arpeggio data
6,633 types
(17 categories)
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Multi
Multi
Arp Commo Sw = on
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 15
Arp Sw = on
Arp Sw = off
Arp Sw = on
Arp Sw = on
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Part 16
Arp Sw = on
Arp 5
Arp 4
Arp 3
Arp 2
Arp 1
Connections
Arp Sw = on
Using a Computer
Voice
*Up to four Parts can play back the assigned Arpeggio types simultaneously.
Arpeggio types
Quick Guide
The MOTIF-RACK XS features 6,633 Arpeggio types (in 17 categories) including Synthesizer, Piano, Guitar, Bass, Strings, Drum, etc.
For details, see the Arpeggio Block in the Basic Structure on page 53.
n If the “Arp Sw” parameter of the Voice has been already set to on,
The Arpeggio can be played back only when the MOTIF-RACK
XS receives Note On messages from an external MIDI device or
DAW software. After connecting the MIDI keyboard to the
MOTIF-RACK XS, follow the instructions below to play the
Arpeggio.
Set the “Audition Button” parameter to “arpeggio
sw” (page 99) in the Utility General window (called
up via [UTILITY] → select “General” → [ENTER]).
n Some Arpeggio types include the Control Change messages. When
Press the [VOICE] button to enter the Voice mode,
then select the desired Voice in the Voice Play
display.
3.
Press the [AUDITION] button so that the lamp lights.
This operation enables the Arpeggio function.
you play back such an Arpeggio type, the sound of the current Voice
may inadvertently be changed and the [E] indicator may appear in
the top right of the display.
5.
Press the [EDIT] button, select “Arpeggio,” then
press the [ENTER] button.
The Arp Select display appears.
Appendix
2.
Voice
How the Arpeggio playback responds to incoming notes
may differ depending on the Arpeggio type assigned to
the selected Voice. While referring to page 55, play the
note or notes with various styles—only a single note,
various notes simultaneously, same notes in various order,
etc. You can hear the various Arpeggio phrases or rhythm
patterns. Depending on the Arpeggio type, you may also
trigger the special Accent Phrase by pressing the note
strongly (with high velocities).
Utility
1.
Play the external MIDI keyboard connected to the
MOTIF-RACK XS.
Multi
4.
Reference
Arpeggio playback in the Voice mode
Basic Structure
the lamp of the [AUDITION] button lights immediately when the
Voice is selected.
Arpeggio playback
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
41
Using the Arpeggio Function
6.
The Controls &
Connectors
At the “Arp Select” column, select any of “ARP1” –
“ARP5” (five Arpeggio types) assigned to the
current Voice.
Setting Up
You can select and play one of the five Arpeggio types
assigned to each Voice. When you want to change the
settings common to all five Arpeggio types, move the
cursor position to “Arp Edit” then press the [ENTER] button
to call up the Arpeggio Edit display (page 66. When you
want to change the Arpeggio type that is assigned to
“ARP1” for example, move the cursor position to “Arp 1
Type,” then press the [ENTER] button to call up the Arp 1 –
5 Type display.
Arpeggio playback/recording in the Multi
mode
In the Multi mode, an Arpeggio type can be assigned to each
Part and up to four Parts can play back the assigned Arpeggio
types simultaneously. This section explains how to trigger the
Arpeggio types by using the note events in the track of the DAW
software and how to record the MIDI notes generated via
Arpeggio playback to a track in the DAW software.
n For instructions on connecting the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer, see
page 17.
Select one of “ARP1” – “ARP5.”
Listening to
the Sound
1.
On the DAW software, record the note data (for
triggering the Arpeggio) to a certain track, then set
the MIDI output port of the track to USB port 1 or
mLAN port 1.
n For information about making these settings, refer to the manual of
the DAW software.
Connections
Calls up the Arpeggio
Edit display.
Calls up the Arpeggio Type
Select display.
n The 8th note icon at left of “ARP1” – “ARP5” indicates that the
Using a Computer
Arpeggio type has actually been assigned. No 8th note icon
indicates that no Arpeggio type (“off”) is assigned and no sound is
produced even when you play any note.
2.
On the MOTIF-RACK XS, enter the Multi mode, then
select the desired Multi.
3.
On the MOTIF-RACK XS, set the “Arp Common Sw”
parameter to “on” in the Arpeggio display of the
Common Edit.
When the “Audition Button” parameter (page 99) is set to
“arpeggio sw” in the Utility General window, you can turn
the arpeggio switch parameter on/off by pressing the
[AUDITION] button on the panel. When the arpeggio
switch parameter is set to on, the lamp of the [AUDITION]
button lights.
TIP Switching Arpeggio types using Control
Change messages
Quick Guide
The Arpeggios 1 – 5 can be also switched from an external
device using Control Change messages.
1. Press the [UTILITY] button, select “Controller,” press the
Basic Structure
[ENTER] button, move the cursor position to “Arp 1-5 Ctrl
No” (Arpeggio 1 – 5 Control Change number), then set the
Control Change number you want to use for switching
among Arp 1 – 5.
4.
Set the other parameters as desired in the Arpeggio
settings display. The “Arp Sw” parameter can be set to on
for up to four Parts.
2. Move the cursor position to “Arp Assign Mode” then
select one of the following values.
inc: Each time the MOTIF-RACK XS receives a Control Change
message set in Step1, Arpeggios 1 – 5 can be switched in
numerical order. The actual Control Change value does not matter.
In the Arp Edit display (page 96) of the Part Edit, set
the “Arp Sw” parameter of the desired Part to “on,”
then select the desired Arpeggio type in the Arp 1 –
5 Type display.
Voice
5.
In the Voice display (page 94) of the Part Edit, set the
“Receive Ch” parameter of the Part (of which the
“Arp Sw” parameter is set to “on”) to that same as
the Transmit Channel of the track on the DAW
software.
6.
Make desired MIDI clock settings for playing the
Arpeggio.
direct: You can select the Arpeggio number (ARP1 – ARP5)
corresponding to the value of the Control Change message that is
set in Step1. For details, see page 102.
3. Try transmitting the Control Change message to the
Reference
Multi
MOTIF-RACK XS from the external MIDI device to change
the Arpeggio number (ARP1 – ARP5).
7.
Determine which clock will be used, the internal clock (of
the MOTIF-RACK XS) or the external clock (from the
separate MIDI device or DAW software/computer), as well
as other settings. For details about these settings, refer to
“Arpeggio tempo” on page 43.
Utility
Press the [SELECT] button so that the lowest lamp
lights, then turn Knob 5 while playing back the
Arpeggio to adjust the tempo.
7.
8.
After the desired settings are completed, press the
[STORE] button to store the Arpeggio related
settings as User Voice data.
Appendix
For information about storing the edited Voice, see page
46.
42
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
On the DAW software, play the note data to trigger
the Arpeggio of the MOTIF-RACK XS to sound the
Arpeggio set on the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Using the Arpeggio Function
Next, try recording Arpeggio playback data to a track of the
DAW software.
9.
In the Arp Edit display of the Part Edit, set the “Arp
MIDI Out Sw” parameter of the Part (of which the
“Arp Sw” parameter is set to “on”) to “on,” then set
the “Arp Transmit Ch” to the desired channel in the
same display.
After this operation, Arpeggio playback data (MIDI data)
will be transmitted to the external device (computer) over
the specified MIDI channel.
The Controls &
Connectors
For information on storing, see page 46.
Arpeggio tempo
In order to synchronize the Arpeggio tempo to other devices, you
can determine which clock will be used, the internal clock (of the
MOTIF-RACK XS) or the external clock (from the separate MIDI
device or DAW software/computer), by setting the MIDI Sync
parameter (page 99) in the Utility MIDI window.
When you set this parameter so that the internal clock is used,
you can determine the Arpeggio tempo by setting the “Arp
Tempo” parameter (page 66) in the Arp Edit display of the Voice
mode or the “Arp Tempo” parameter (page 91) in the Arp Edit
display of the Multi mode.
When you set this parameter so that the external clock is used,
you need to set related parameters so that the external MIDI
device or computer can transmit the MIDI clocks. The
instructions below explain how to set these in Cubase.
Setting Up
On the MOTIF-RACK XS, press the [STORE] button
to store the current Multi after the desired settings
are completed.
Listening to
the Sound
8.
1. Select “Sync Setup” from the “Transport” menu in Cubase
to call up the Synchronization Setup dialog.
Connections
10. On the DAW software, select an empty track, then
set the MIDI output port to off.
11. On the DAW software, play the note data prepared in
Using a Computer
step 1 to trigger the Arpeggio playback of the
MOTIF-RACK XS, then press the record button to
record the Arpeggio MIDI data to the track selected
in step 9.
12. After recording is completed, set the MIDI Transmit
Quick Guide
Channel of the recorded track to that same as the
Parts (of which the “Arp Sw” parameter is set to on)
of the MOTIF-RACK XS.
13. Set the “Arp Sw” parameters of all Parts to “off” on
Basic Structure
the MOTIF-RACK XS, then play the recorded note
data on the DAW software.
The recorded note data on the DAW software will be
transmitted to the MOTIF-RACK XS and play the sound of
the MOTIF-RACK XS without the Arpeggio function.
2. Enter checkmarks to the USB or mLAN Port1 of the
Voice
When connecting via a USB cable, enter the checkmark to
“Yamaha MOTIF-R XS-1” or “MOTIF-R XS Port1.” When
connecting via an IEEE1394 cable, enter the checkmark to “mLAN
MIDI Out” or “MOTIF-RACK XS.”
3. Click [OK] to close the “Synchronization Setup” dialog.
Multi
Try playing the Multi of the Factory settings with “Layer 1 – 4
Parts” (page 98) set to “on” in the Utility General window. When
“Layer 1 – 4 Parts” is set to on, the MIDI Receive Channel for the
Parts 1 – 4 of the current Multi will be set to the same value as
specified in the “Receive Ch (Basic Receive Channel)”
parameter (page 102) in the Utility Voice MIDI window. In this
setting, you can hear the multiple Arpeggio playbacks (up to four
types) simultaneously by receiving the note data from the
external MIDI sequencer or computer (DAW software).
MOTIF-RACK XS and “MIDI Clock Follows Project
Position” of the “MIDI Clock Destination” at the lower right
of the dialog.
Reference
Arpeggio playback with the Voices for Parts 1 – 4
simultaneously sounded.
n MIDI clock is transmitted from Cubase (on the computer) only
when recording or playback is performed on Cubase.
should be set to the same value as the “Receive Ch” in the Utility Voice
MIDI window of the MOTIF-RACK XS.
transmit clock data from the MIDI device, refer to the owner’s
manual of your particular DAW software/MIDI device.
Utility
n Note that the MIDI Transmit Channel of the keyboard or DAW software
n For information about DAW software other than Cubase and how to
n For details about how to use with “Layer 1 – 4 Parts” set to on, see
Appendix
page 40.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
43
Controlling from an External MIDI Keyboard
The Controls &
Connectors
Controlling from an External MIDI Keyboard
To use the MOTIF-RACK XS, you’ll need an external keyboard (with various controllers, such as a pitch bend wheel, modulation wheel,
etc.). The MOTIF-RACK XS’s tone generator block produces the sound according to the MIDI messages received from the keyboard
and computer.
Setting Up
External controllers supported by the MOTIF-RACK XS
Listening to
the Sound
The MOTIF-RACK XS can be played by connecting an external MIDI keyboard or synthesizer, and can be controlled by the MIDI
controllers on the keyboard—pitch bend wheel, modulation wheel, ribbon controller, knobs, sliders, etc. In addition, you can also
control the MOTIF-RACK XS using an optional Yamaha BC3 Breath Controller, FC4/FC5 Footswitch, FC7/FC9 Foot Controller, etc. by
connecting these controllers to the external device.
Computer (DAW software, etc.)
FC3/FC4/FC5
Connections
Control of the overall system
MIDI messages (Channel
Aftertouch, Pitch Bend,
Control Change, etc.)
Voice
Controller Set 1 – 6:
Control of each Voice
FC7/FC9
Using a Computer
USB TO
HOST
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
USB
Quick Guide
MOTIF XS, etc.
MOTIF-RACK XS
Controlling a Voice with Controller Set
Basic Structure
[VOICE] → select a Voice → [EDIT] → select “Controller” → [ENTER] → Control display (page 71)
You can freely assign a variety of different functions to the external controllers. For example, you could have the Modulation Wheel
control filter resonance and set aftertouch to apply vibrato. The settings for all external controllers are referred to as a “Controller Set,”
and up to six Controller Sets can be created for each Voice.
n You can assign a variety of functions to Knob 3 (ASSIGN 1) and Knob 4 (ASSIGN 2) as well as the external controllers.
Controller Set
Voice
Voice
Controller Set 1 – 6
Source = External controller or Knob 3
(ASSIGN 1)/Knob 4 (ASSIGN 2)
Reference
Multi
Depth = Degree to which the controller
affects the sound
Element Switches on
the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor
Utility
on/off
on/off
on/off
on/off
on/off
on/off
on/off
on/off
Destination (Dest) = Function
Volume, Reverb Send Level, Chorus Send Level,
Filter Cutoff Frequency, Filter Resonance, etc.
Appendix
n You can set whether the controller affects each Element by setting the Element Switch of the Controller Set on or off as desired. Note that this applies only to Normal
Voices. The Element Switch parameter can be set only on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
n The Element Switch parameters of the Controller Set are not available when a function unrelated to the Elements is set as the destination.
44
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Using one source to control several destinations
The term “source” refers to the hardware controller and
“destination” refers to the parameter or function being controlled.
An extensive variety of destination parameters are available, far
more than those listed in the previous page. For a complete list of
destination parameters, see the separate Data List.
For example, set the Src (Source) parameter of Control Set 1 to
“ModWheel” (Modulation Wheel) and the Dest (Destination)
parameter to “E-LFO PMD” (Element LFO Pitch Modulation
Depth). Then set the Src (Source) parameter of Control Set 2 also
to MW, but set the Dest parameter to “E-Pan” (Element Pan). In
this example, when you move the Modulation Wheel upward, the
amount of Pitch Modulation increases accordingly, and the
Element is panned from left to right. In this way, you can have the
sound change in several different ways, simply by adjusting a
single controller.
For example, in the instructions below, we'll control panning with
an external assignable controller after connecting the external
controller to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Setting Up
Source and Destination
The Controls &
Connectors
Controlling from an External MIDI Keyboard
Using several sources to control one destination
Control Number
Listening to
the Sound
The Control Number is displayed in parentheses following
“Assign 1.”
For example, set the Src (Source) parameter of Control Set 1 to
“ModWheel” (Modulation Wheel) and the Dest (Destination)
parameter to “E-LFO PMD” (Element LFO Pitch Modulation
Depth). Then set the Src (Source) parameter of Control Set 2 to
“Ribbon” (Ribbon Controller) and set the Dest parameter also to
“E-LFO PMD.” Now, Pitch Modulation is assigned to both the
Modulation Wheel and Ribbon Controller. This can be useful in
live performance situations, letting you use any one of several
controllers depending on which is convenient at the time. In this
way, you can have several different controllers affect the same
aspect of the sound.
Connections
Set the “Ctrl Set 1 Src” parameter to “Assign 1” in
the VOICE COMMON Control display, then confirm
the Control Number for “Assign1.”
Using a Computer
1.
n The Controller Set edited in the Voice Edit mode is available when the
2.
On the external controller device connected to the
MOTIF-RACK XS, make sure that the “Assign 1”
setting matches the Control Number generated by
operating the relevant controller.
For details on how to do this, refer to the owner’s manual of
your particular device.
3.
Set the “Ctrl Set 1 Dest” parameter to “E-Pan”
(Element Pan).
n For details on the available Destination parameter settings, refer to
the Control List in the separate Data List booklet.
4.
Set the depth of control by changing the “Ctrl Set 1
Depth” parameter setting.
external controller.
In the Voice mode, set the transmit channel of the external controller to the
same one as the Basic Receive channel (set in the Utility mode) of the
MOTIF-RACK XS, and vice versa. In the Multi mode, likewise, set the
transmit channel of the external controller to the same one as the Receive
channel for the Part you want to control of the MOTIF-RACK XS, and vice
versa.
Quick Guide
controller (see right).
Assigning Control numbers
Basic Structure
1 – 6 Source)” on page 71.
n You can change the Control Number corresponding to the source
corresponding Voice is selected in the Multi mode.
n Make sure to match the MIDI channel between the MOTIF-RACK XS and
Each external controller has a pre-assigned Control Change
number. When operating the external controller, each Control
Change message assigned to each controller is transmitted to
the MOTIF-RACK XS, and the Destination (function)
corresponding to the Control Number is performed. The Control
Number assignments on the MOTIF-RACK XS can be made
from the Utility Controller window (page 101).
Voice
n For the source parameters, refer to “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Src (Controller Set
n The Control Numbers for Aftertouch, Pitch Bend, and Modulation Wheel
are not changed.
Repeat Steps 1 and 3 above to assign the remaining
Control Sets 2 through 6.
6.
Play the sound of the MOTIF-RACK XS and try out
the corresponding controller.
Src” parameter, the conventional functions of the Control Change
messages may be disabled.
Utility
n You can control the functions specified as destination of “Assign 1”
Multi
5.
Reference
n Depending on the Control Change number settings of the “Ctrl Set 1 – 6
and “Assign 2” by operating Knobs 3 and 4 respectively as well as
the external controllers.
n When at least one of the “LFO Set 1 – 3 Element Sw” parameters is
Appendix
set to “off” and the Element related parameters are assigned to any
of the “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Dest” parameters, an exclamation mark (“!”) is
shown at the beginning of the value for “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Src,” “Ctrl Set
1 – 6 Dest” and “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Depth.” This indicates that the function
specified as destination is not applied to all the Elements.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
45
Storing the Edited Voice, Multi and Utility Settings
The Controls &
Connectors
Storing the Edited Voice, Multi and Utility Settings
The edited Voice, Multi and Utility settings can be stored in the internal Flash ROM (page 48). In addition, the Voice or Multi data
currently being edited can be transferred to the external MIDI device or computer (DAW software) as bulk data (consisting of MIDI
system exclusive messages) and saved as a file.
Setting Up
Storing the edited Voice, Multi
and Utility settings in the
internal Flash ROM
4.
Press the [ENTER] button or the Encoder knob to
execute the Store operation.
The display prompts you for confirmation.
Listening to
the Sound
The edited Voice, Multi and Utility settings can be stored by
following the instructions below. If you want to change the name
of the Voice or Multi, execute the Rename operation (page 47)
before executing the Store operation.
Connections
CAUTION
When you store the Voice or Multi, the destination data will be
overwritten. Important data should always be backed up as an MOTIFRACK XS Editor file.
Press the [ENTER] button or the Encoder knob to execute
the Store operation. A “Completed” message appears
when the data has been stored, and the destination Voice
or Multi is shown in the display.
n To cancel the Store operation, press the [EXIT] button instead of the
Using a Computer
1.
After editing is finished, press the [STORE] button.
[ENTER] button. The Store operation will not be executed and the
display returns to the original one.
The Store window appears.
CAUTION
Never attempt to turn off the power while data is being stored
(while an “Executing...” or “Please keep power on” message is
shown). Turning the power off in this state results in loss of all user
data.
Quick Guide
Store Compare function
Basic Structure
When the Voice Store or Multi Store window is shown, the [EDIT]
button’s lamp flashes and the “STORE COMPARE” appears in the
display. In this status (referred to as “Store Compare mode”), you
can hear the sound of the destination Voice or Multi by playing
the Audition Phrase (page 16) or playing the connected external
MIDI keyboard.
Pressing the [EDIT] button again exits from this status.
Example when a Normal Voice is selected
Voice Bank and Number as starting data of the Voice currently being edited
Destination
Voice Number
Destination
Voice Bank
Voice
Voice name of destination
n Pressing the [STORE] button in the Utility mode will store the Utility
settings immediately without any confirmation message.
Reference
Multi
2.
Move the cursor position to the Bank column with
the Cursor [<] button, then select the destination
Bank with the Encoder knob, and move the cursor
position to the Number column with the Cursor [>]
button.
Utility
This step is necessary only when a Normal Voice is edited
in the Voice mode.
3.
Select a destination Voice number or Multi number
by using the Encoder knob.
Appendix
46
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Indicates that Store Compare is active.
Storing the Edited Voice, Multi and Utility Settings
The Controls &
Connectors
You can archive or back up the current status (data in the Edit
buffer) of the Voice Edit or Multi Edit by using the Bulk Dump
function to transmit the data to the DAW software on your
computer connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Voice/Multi Name settings (Entering Characters)
In the Name display of the Voice or Multi Common Edit mode,
you can assign the desired name to the current Voice or Multi. In
this section, you'll see how to enter characters in the Name
display.
1. Call up the Name display then move the cursor position to
Setting Up
Saving data to an external
device (Bulk Dump)
“Name” (pages 65 or 91).
n For details about how to connect the MOTIF-RACK XS to a computer, see
page 17.
n In order to properly use Bulk Dump, the MIDI Device Number and the
Listening to
the Sound
Receive Bulk Switch parameter must be set properly. For details, see page
100.
Transmitting and saving data
2. Press the [ENTER] button or Encoder knob to call up the
Name dialog.
Connections
On the DAW software, create a new Project, then
start recording.
In the Character list, the cursor is located at the left top of this
area. In the Name Edit area, the cursor is located at the left end.
2.
On the MOTIF-RACK XS, hold the [VOICE] button or
[MULTI] button then press the [STORE] button.
Character list
Using a Computer
The current status (on the Edit buffer) of the Voice Edit or
Multi Edit will be transmitted and recorded to the DAW
software on your computer.
n When bulk data transmission does not work properly, try increasing
the transmit interval value (“Bulk Interval” parameter). See page 100.
Name Edit area
On the DAW software, save the Project file to which
the bulk data has been recorded.
Quick Guide
3.
3. Press the Cursor [<] and [>] buttons to move the cursor
to the desired location in the Name Edit area.
1.
On the DAW software, open the Project file including
the data you want to call up.
4. Turn the Encoder knob to select the desired character in
the Character List.
Basic Structure
Recalling data from the DAW software
5. Press the Cursor [<] and [>] buttons to move to the next
desired location in the Name Edit area.
If the bulk data is for Normal Voices, select a Normal Voice
in the Voice mode. Likewise, if the bulk data is for Drum
Voices, select a Drum Voice; if it is for Multis, select the
Multi mode.
7. After entering the name, press the [ENTER] button.
On the DAW software, play back the Project file
including the bulk data.
Utility
The bulk data will be transmitted from the DAW software
(computer) to the MOTIF-RACK XS and then restored on
the Edit buffer as the current Voice or Multi.
CAUTION
When the MOTIF-RACK XS receives bulk data, the settings are
overwritten and replaced with the settings from the bulk data. Be
careful not to overwrite any important data.
Appendix
3.
6. Repeat steps 4 – 5 as necessary.
Voice
On the MOTIF-RACK XS, enter the Voice mode or
Multi mode according to the data type you want to
call up from the DAW software.
Reference
2.
Multi
1.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
47
Resetting the User Memory to the Initial Factory Settings
Resetting the User
Memory to the Initial
Factory Settings
The Controls &
Connectors
Internal Memory
Below are explanations of the internal memory used in the
MOTIF-RACK XS.
Flash ROM
Setting Up
ROM (Read Only Memory) is memory designed specifically for
reading out of data, and as such data cannot be written to it.
Unlike conventional ROM, Flash ROM can be overwritten—
allowing you to store your own original data. The contents of
Flash ROM are maintained even when the power is turned off.
The original factory settings of this instrument’s User Memory
can be restored as follows.
n When connecting a computer to the MOTIF-RACK XS via a IEEE1394
cable, disable the driver used for this connection beforehand, and follow
the procedure below to execute Factory Set.
DRAM
Listening to
the Sound
RAM (Random Access Memory) is memory designed specifically
for data writing and data reading operations. There are two
different kinds of RAM, depending on the condition for storing the
data: SRAM (Static RAM) and DRAM (Dynamic RAM). The
MOTIF-RACK XS is equipped with only DRAM. The created data
stored on DRAM is lost when the power is turned off. Because of
this, you should always store any data residing in DRAM to the
Flash ROM or the computer connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS
before turning off the power.
CAUTION
When the factory settings are restored, all the Voice, Multi, and system
settings in the Utility mode you created will be erased. Make sure you are
not overwriting any important data. Be sure to save all important data to a
computer before executing this procedure (page 47).
Connections
1.
Press the [UTILITY] button.
The Utility Select window appears.
Edit Buffer and User Memory
Using a Computer
The edit buffer is the memory location for edited Voice and Multi
data. Data edited in this location will be stored to the User
Memory. If you select another Voice or Multi, the entire contents
of the edit buffer will be rewritten with the newly selected Voice/
Multi data. Make sure to store any important data before
selecting another Voice, etc.
This window can be called up from the Voice mode.
2.
Quick Guide
Select “Fctry Set” by using the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>]
buttons or Encoder knob, then press the [ENTER]
button or Encoder knob.
The Factory Set window appears.
Basic Structure
CAUTION
Voice
When setting the Auto Factory Set parameter to on and pressing
the [ENTER] button, the Factory Set will automatically be executed
each time the power is turned on. Keep in mind that this also means
that your original data in Flash ROM will be erased each time you
turn on the power. Therefore, the Auto Factory Set parameter
should normally be set to off. When setting the Auto Factory Set
parameter to off and pressing the [ENTER] button, the Factory Set
will not be executed when turning the power on next time.
3.
Multi
Reference
Press the [ENTER] button or Encoder knob to
execute Factory Set.
The display prompts you for confirmation. Press the
[ENTER] button or Encoder knob again to execute Factory
Set. After Factory Set has been completed, operation
returns to the Voice Play display. Press the [EXIT] button to
cancel the Factory Set operation.
Utility
CAUTION
Appendix
For Factory Set operations that take longer to process, you will see
the message “Now executing Factory Set…” during processing.
While such a message is shown on the display, never attempt to
turn off the power while data is being written to Flash ROM. Turning
the power off in this state results in loss of all user data and may
cause the system to freeze (due to corruption of data in the Flash
ROM). This means that this tone generator may not be able to start
up properly, even when turning the power on next time.
48
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
The Controls &
Connectors
Basic Structure
The Five Functional Blocks
Setting Up
The MOTIF-RACK XS system consists of five main functional blocks: Tone Generator, Audio Input, Arpeggio, Controller, and Effect.
Listening to
the Sound
MOTIF-RACK XS
MIDI message flow
Controller block
(page 57)
Tone Generator block
(page 50)
Effect block (page 57)
System Effects
Insertion Effect x 8
Element EQ
Part EQ x 16
Master Effect
Master EQ
AWM2 Tone Generator
16 Parts
Voices and Multi
Connections
Audio signal flow
Knobs
Using a Computer
*
Arpeggio block
(page 53)
Audio Input block
(page 53)
Arpeggio Playback x 4
MIDI output
MIDI input
Audio input
Audio output
USB, MIDI, mLAN
USB, MIDI, mLAN
mLAN
(When the optional mLAN16E2 has
been installed)
mLAN, OUTPUT, ASSIGNABLE
OUTPUT
Quick Guide
mLAN
Basic Structure
*Audio Signals from the Audio Input block can be transmitted to the only
System Effects, Master Effect, and Master EQ of the Effect Block.
AWM2 (Advanced Wave Memory 2)
Multi
Appendix
Utility
Reference
Voice
This instrument is equipped with AWM2 tone generator block. AWM2 (Advanced Wave Memory 2) is a synthesis system based on sampled
waves (sound material), and is used in many Yamaha synthesizers. For extra realism, each AWM2 Voice uses multiple samples of a real
instrument’s waveform. Furthermore, a wide variety of parameters—envelope generator, filter, modulation, and others—can be applied.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
49
Tone Generator Block
The Controls &
Connectors
Tone Generator Block
Setting Up
The tone generator block is what actually produces sound in response to the MIDI messages received from the Controller block, the
Arpeggio block and from the external MIDI instrument via the MIDI IN terminal, the USB terminal, or the mLAN terminal. The MIDI
messages are assigned to sixteen independent channels, and this instrument is capable of handling sixteen MIDI channels. The
sixteen-channel limit can be overcome by using separate MIDI “ports,” each supporting sixteen channels. The tone generator block
responds to those MIDI messages assigned to Port 1.
The structure of the tone generator block differs depending on the mode.
Listening to
the Sound
Tone Generator block in the
Voice mode
Part structure in the Voice mode
Connections
In this mode, the tone generator block receives MIDI data over a
single channel. This status is referred to as a “single timbre”
tone generator.
The MIDI receive channel in the Voice mode can be determined
by setting the Receive Ch (Basic Receive Channel) parameter
(page 102) in the Voice MIDI window of the Utility mode.
Using a Computer
the keyboard and the velocity range, a different Element sounds
depending on which note you play and how strongly you play it.
In the note distribution, Elements 1 and 2 sound in the lower
range of the keyboard, Elements 3 and 4 sound in the middle
range, and Elements 5 and 6 sound in the higher range. In the
velocity distribution, Elements 1, 3 and 5 sound when playing
the keyboard softly, while Elements 2, 4 and 6 sound when
playing it strongly. In a practical example of this in use, a piano
Voice could be composed of six different samples. Elements 1,
3 and 5 would be the sounds of the piano played softly, over the
respective note ranges, while Elements 2, 4 and 6 would be
strongly played sounds, for each respective note range.
Actually, the MOTIF-RACK XS is even more flexible than this,
since it allows up to eight independent Elements.
n Keep in mind that song data on an external sequencer consisting of
multiple MIDI channels will not play back properly in this mode. If you are
using an external MIDI sequencer or computer to play the instrument,
make sure to use the Multi mode.
Element 2
Element 4
Element 6
Element 1
Element 3
Element 5
Velocity
Quick Guide
Voice
Basic Structure
A program that contains the sonic elements for generating a
specific musical instrument sound is referred to as a “Voice.”
Internally, there are two Voice Types: Normal Voices and Drum
Voices. Normal Voices are mainly pitched musical instrument
type sounds that can be played over the range of a keyboard.
Drum Voices are mainly percussion/drum sounds that are
assigned to individual notes on the keyboard.
Each Voice consists of up to eight elements (Normal Voice) or
up to 73 keys (Drum Voice). The elements and keys are the
smallest unit that make up a Voice, and to each can be assigned
a different instrument sound. Voice data consists of the Element
Edit parameters (for each element)/Key Edit parameters (for
each key) and Common Edit parameters (applied commonly to
all the elements/keys). The Common Edit parameters can be
edited on the MOTIF-RACK XS while the Element Edit/Key Edit
parameters can be edited only on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor
installed to your computer.
Voice
Reference
Multi
n For instructions on editing a Normal Voice, see page 64. For instructions on
editing a Drum Voice, see page 83.
Normal Voices and Drum Voices
Utility
Normal Voices
Appendix
These are Voices which are played conventionally from the
keyboard, with standard pitches sounding for each key. A
Normal Voice consists of up to eight Elements. Depending on
the settings in the Voice Edit mode, these Elements are sounded
simultaneously, or the different Elements are sounded according
to the note range, velocity range and the XA (Expanded
Articulation) settings.
The illustration below is an example of a Normal Voice. Since the
six Elements here are distributed across both the note range of
50
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Drum Voices
Drum Voices are mainly percussion/drum sounds that are
assigned to individual notes on the keyboard. A collection of
assigned percussion/drum waves or Normal Voices is known as
a Drum Kit.
C0
C1
Key 1
Key 5 Key 10 Key 18 Key 21
C6
Individual
drum sounds
(different for
each key)
Key 73
Tone Generator Block
The Controls &
Connectors
Elements and Drum Keys are the smallest “building blocks” in
the MOTIF-RACK XS that comprise a Voice; in fact, only one
Element or one Drum Key could be used to create a Voice.
These small sound units can be built, enhanced and processed
by a variety of traditional synthesizer parameters, such as
Oscillator, Pitch Filter, Amplitude, and LFO (shown below).
Setting Up
Expanded Articulation (XA) is a specially designed tone
generation system used by the MOTIF-RACK XS that provides
greater performance flexibility and acoustic realism. It allows
you to more effectively recreate realistic sound and natural
performance techniques—such as legato and staccato—and
provides other unique modes for random and alternate sound
changes as you play.
Elements and Drum Keys
IMPORTANT
OSC
LFO
(Oscillator)
Low Frequency
Oscillator
Waveform
(AWM2)
Listening to
the Sound
Conventional synthesizers recreate a legato effect by continuing
the volume envelope of a previous Note On to the next one, in
the mono mode. However, this results in an unnatural sound
different from that of an actual acoustic instrument. The MOTIFRACK XS more accurately reproduces a legato effect by
allowing specific Elements to be sounded when playing legato
and other Elements to be played normally (with the XA Control
parameter settings “normal” and “legato”).
Keep in mind that these Element and Drum Key parameters
can be conveniently and easily edited on the MOTIF-RACK
XS Editor (installed to your computer) instead of the MOTIFRACK XS instrument.
Connections
Realistic legato performance
AMP
Controls the output level (amplitude) of the sound
output from the
FILTER unit. The
signals are then
sent at this level to
the Effect block.
Pitch EG
(Pitch
Envelope
Generator)
Filter EG
(Filter
Envelope
Generator)
Amplitude EG
(Amplitude
Envelope
Generator)
Subtle sound variations for each note played
n The A.Func [1] button and A.Func [2] button can also be set to on/off by
transmitting the Control Change messages assigned to the “A.Func1 Ctrl
No.” and “A.Func2 Ctrl No.” parameters in the Utility Controller window
(page 102) from the external device.
New sounds and new styles of playing
The highly versatile functions above can be applied effectively
not only to acoustic sounds but also to synthesizer and
electronic Voices as well. The XA feature opens up enormous
potential for realizing authentic sounds, performing expressively
and coming up with creative new styles of playing.
To create sounds such as those described above using
Expanded Articulation, refer to page 73.
This unit outputs the wave which determines the basic pitch. You
can assign the waveform (or basic sound material) to each
Element of a Normal Voice or each Key of a Drum Voice. In the
case of a Normal Voice, you can set the note range for the
Element (the range of notes on the keyboard over which the
Element will sound) as well as the velocity response (the range
of note velocities within which the Element will sound). In
addition, the XA related parameters can be set in this unit.
Oscillator related parameters (pages 73 and 84) can be set on
the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Pitch
This unit controls the pitch of the sound (wave) output from the
Oscillator. In the case of a Normal Voice, you can detune
separate Elements, apply Pitch Scaling and so on. Also, by
setting the PEG (Pitch Envelope Generator), you can control how
the pitch changes over time. Pitch-related parameters (pages
74 and 85) can be set on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Voice
Acoustic instruments have their own unique characteristics—
even specific, unique sounds that are produced only at certain
times in a performance. These include the flutter tonguing on a
flute or playing high harmonics on an acoustic guitar. The
MOTIF-RACK XS recreates these by allowing you to switch
between the sounds while you play—setting the A.Func [1]
button and A.Func [2] button on the synchronized MOTIF-RACK
XS Editor to on/off, with the XA Control parameter settings, “AF 1
on,” “AF 2 on” and “all AF off.”
Oscillator
Utility
Switching among different sounds to recreate the
natural performance on an acoustic instrument
Filter
This unit modifies the tone of the sound output from Pitch by
cutting the output of a specific frequency portion of the sound.
Also, by setting the FEG (Filter Envelope Generator), you can
control how the Cutoff Frequency of the Filter changes over time.
Filter related parameters (pages 76, 77, 78, and 85) can be set
on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Appendix
Conventional synthesizers attempt to reproduce this by
randomly changing the pitch and/or filter. However, this
produces an electronic effect and is different from the real sound
changes on an acoustic instrument. The MOTIF-RACK XS more
accurately reproduces these subtle sound variations by using
the XA Control parameter settings, “wave cycle” and “wave
random.”
Quick Guide
FILTER
Changes the
tonal quality of
the sound
output from the
PITCH unit.
Basic Structure
PITCH
Controls the
pitch of the
sound.
Reference
Conventional synthesizers do not adequately reproduce the
special sounds or nuances that occur when a note on an actual
acoustic instrument is released. The MOTIF-RACK XS is
capable of realizing these subtle sonic nuances by setting the
XA Control parameter of a certain Element to “key-off sound.”
Using a Computer
Authentic note release sound
Multi
Expanded Articulation (XA)
51
Tone Generator Block
Amplitude
The Controls &
Connectors
Setting Up
This unit controls the output level (amplitude) of the sound
output from the Filter block. The signals are then sent at this
level to the Effect block. Also, by setting the AEG (Amplitude
Envelope Generator), you can control how the volume changes
over time. Amplitude related parameters (pages 78, 81, 85 and
86) can be set on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Tone Generator block in the
Multi mode
LFO (Low Frequency Oscillator)
In this mode, multiple Parts are provided and different Voices
and different melodies or phrases can be played back for each
Part. This status is referred to as a “multi timbral” tone generator.
Because this mode lets you set the MIDI channel for each part
of the tone generator block, you can use an external MIDI
sequencer to play the sounds. The sequence data of each track
on the external MIDI sequencer plays the corresponding Parts
(those having the same MIDI channel assignment) in the tone
generator block.
To play the tone generator in the Multi mode, set the MIDI Port to
1 on the external MIDI sequencer or computer then set a MIDI
Receive channel (page 94) for each of 16 Parts in the Voice
display of the Multi Part Edit, according to the MIDI transmit
channel for each track of the external MIDI sequencer or
computer.
Listening to
the Sound
As its name suggests, the LFO produces a wave of a low
frequency. These waves can be used to vary the pitch, filter or
amplitude of each Element to create effects such as vibrato,
wah and tremolo. LFO can be set independently for each
Element; it can also be set globally for all Elements.
Among the LFO related parameters, the Common Edit
parameters can be set in the Common LFO display (page 69)
and the Element Edit parameters (page 81) can be set on the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Connections
Memory structure of Voice
Part structure in the Multi mode
Normal Voice
Using a Computer
• Preset Banks 1 – 8: 1024 Normal Voices (128 Voices for each
Quick Guide
Drum Voice
Bank)
• GM Bank: 128 Voices
• User Banks 1 – 3: 384 Normal Voices (128 Voices for each
Bank)
(selected from Preset Voices by default)
Multi
A program in which multiple Voices are assigned to Parts for
multi-timbral play is referred to as a “Multi” on the MOTIF-RACK
XS or “Mixing” on certain Yamaha synthesizers. Each Multi
program can contain up to 16 parts and can be created by
editing parameters unique to each Part and parameters
common to all the Parts in the Multi mode.
• Preset Drum Bank: 64 Voices
• GM Drum Bank: 1 Voice
• User Drum Bank: 32 Voices
(selected from Preset Voices by default)
Memory structure of Multi
Basic Structure
128 Multi programs are programmed in the User Bank.
Maximum Polyphony
Voice
Maximum polyphony refers to the highest number of notes that
can be sounded simultaneously from the internal tone generator
of the instrument. The maximum polyphony of this tone generator
is 128. When the internal tone generator block receives a number
of notes exceeding the maximum polyphony, previously played
notes are cut off. Keep in mind this may be especially noticeable
with Voices not having decay. Furthermore, the maximum
polyphony applies to the number of Voice Elements used, not the
number of Voices. When Normal Voices that include up to eight
Elements are used, the maximum number of simultaneous notes
may be less than 128.
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
52
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Audio Input Block
The Controls &
Connectors
Audio Input Block
Display
Page
Voice mLAN window of the Utility mode
page 102
Multi mode
mLAN In display of the Multi Common Edit
page 91
Listening to
the Sound
Voice mode
Connections
Arpeggio Block
Arpeggio Sub Category
The Arpeggio types are divided into 17 categories as listed
below.
The Arpeggio categories are divided into sub categories as
listed below. Because the sub categories are listed based on
music genres, it is easy to find the sub category appropriate for
your desired music style.
Organ
Sub Category List
GtPl
Guitar / Plucked
Rock
Rock
Z.Pad
Zone Velocity for Pad*
GtMG
Guitar for “Mega Voice”
R&B
R&B
Filtr
Filter
Bass
Bass
Elect
Electronic
Exprs
Expression
BaMG
Bass for “Mega Voice”
Jazz
Jazz
Pan
Pan
Strng
Strings
World
World
Mod
Modulation
Brass
Brass
Genrl
General
Pbend
Pitch Bend
RdPp
Reed / Pipe
Comb
Combination
Asign
Assign 1/2
Lead
Synth Lead
Zone
Zone Velocity*
PdMe
Synth Pad / Musical Effect
CPrc
Chromatic Percussion
DrPc
Drum / Percussion
Seq
Synth Seq
Chord
Chord Seq
Hybrd
Hybrid Seq
Cntr
Control
n Categories named “GtMG” and “BaMG” include Arpeggio types
appropriate for using with a Mega Voice.
Basic Structure
Acoustic Piano & Keyboard
Organ
n Arpeggio types belonging to the Sub Categories marked with an asterisk
Voice
ApKb
(*) contain some velocity ranges, to each of which a different phrase is
assigned. When a type of these categories is selected, it is a good idea to
set the Velocity Limit of each Element to the same range as below.
Velocity ranges of each Arpeggio type
2Z_*****: 1 – 90, 91 – 127
4Z_*****: 1 – 70, 71 – 90, 91 – 110, 111 – 127
8Z_*****: 1 – 16, 17 – 32, 33 – 48, 49 – 64, 65 – 80, 81 – 96, 97 – 108, 109 –
127
PadL_*****: 1 – 1, 2 – 2, 3 – 127
PadH_*****: 1 – 112, 113 – 120, 121 – 127
Reference
Category List
Quick Guide
Arpeggio Category
Using a Computer
This block lets you automatically trigger musical and rhythmic phrases using the current Voice by simply pressing a note or notes on
the external MIDI keyboard. The Arpeggio sequence also changes in response to the actual notes or chords you play, giving you a
wide variety of inspiring musical phrases and ideas—both in composing and performing.
Multi
Mode
Setting Up
This block handles the audio signal input from the mLAN terminal (available only when the optional mLAN16E2 has been installed).
Various parameters such as volume, pan, and effect can be set for the audio signal and the sound is output together with other Voices.
The System Effects, Master Effects and Master EQ can be applied to the audio signal input via the mLAN terminal.
The Audio Input related parameters can be set in the following display.
Mega Voices and Mega Voice Arpeggios
Appendix
Utility
Normal Voices use velocity switching to make the sound quality
and/or level of a Voice change according to how strongly or softly
you play the keyboard. This makes these Voices respond
naturally. However Mega Voices have a very complex structure
with many different layers, and are not suitable for playing
manually. Mega Voices were developed specifically to be played
by Mega Voice arpeggios to produce incredibly realistic results.
You should always use Mega Voices with Mega Voice Arpeggios
(included in “GtMG” and “BaMG” category). For information
about appropriate Arpeggio type for each Mega Voice, refer to
the Voice Type column of the Arpeggio Type List, separate online
documentation.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
53
Arpeggio Block
6
The Controls &
Connectors
Arpeggio Type Name
The Arpeggio Types are named according to certain rules and
abbreviations. Once you understand these rules and
abbreviations, you’ll find it easy to browse through and select
the desired Arpeggio Types.
Setting Up
Arpeggio type with “_ES” at the end of the type
name (example: HipHop1_ES)
These Arpeggios created for use of Normal Voices will be
played back matching the played notes (page 55).
Listening to
the Sound
Arpeggio type with “_XS” at the end of the type
name (example: Rock1_XS)
These Arpeggios created for Normal Voices use a newly
developed chord recognition technology to determine what
notes should be played back by the Arpeggio.
Connections
Arpeggio type with a normal name (example:
UpOct1)
Using a Computer
In addition to the above types, there are three other playback
types: the Arpeggios created for use of Normal Voices and
played back using only the played notes and their octave notes
(page 55), the Arpeggios created for use of Drum Voices (page
55), and Arpeggios containing mainly non-note events (page
56).
Length
Indicates the data length (amount of measures) of the Arpeggio
type. When the Loop parameter (*) is set to “off,” the Arpeggio
plays back for this length and stops.
7
Original Tempo
Indicates the appropriate tempo value of the Arpeggio type.
Note that this tempo is not set automatically when selecting an
Arpeggio type.
8
Accent
The circle indicates that the Arpeggio uses the Accent Phrase
feature (page 55).
9
Random SFX
The circle indicates that the Arpeggio uses the SFX feature
(page 55).
) Voice Type
Indicates the voice type appropriate for the Arpeggio Type.
When the Voice With Arpeggio parameter (page 96) is set to
“on” in the Multi mode, the voice of this type is automatically
selected.
* The “Loop” parameter can be set in the Arp Edit display (pages 66 and 96) of
Voice Common Edit and Multi Part Edit.
Arpeggio related settings
Quick Guide
How to use the Arpeggio Type List
The Arpeggio Type list (separate online documentation)
contains the following columns.
Basic Structure
1
2 3
Main
Sub
ARP
Category Category No.
4
ARP Name
5
6
7 8
9
Time
Original
Random
Signature Length Tempo Accent
SFX
)
There are several methods for triggering and stopping the
Arpeggio playback. In addition, you can set whether or not SFX
sounds and special Accent Phrases are triggered along with the
normal sequence data. This section covers the Arpeggio related
parameters which can be set in the Voice and Multi modes.
Voice Type
ApKb
Rock
1
70sRockB
4/4
2
130
Acoustic Piano
ApKb
Rock
2
70sRockC
4/4
1
130
:
ApKb
Rock
3
70sRockD
4/4
2
130
ApKb
Rock
4
70sRockE
4/4
4
130
ApKb
Rock
5
70sRockF
4/4
2
130
ApKb
Rock
6
70sRockG
4/4
1
130
ApKb
Rock
7
70sRockH
4/4
1
130
Turning Arpeggio playback on/off
The following three settings are available for turning the
Arpeggio playback on/off.
Voice
n Note that this list is for illustration purposes only. For a complete listing of
the Arpeggio Types, refer to the Arpeggio Type list (separate online
documentation).
1
Main Category
Indicates an Arpeggio Category.
Reference
Multi
2
Sub Category
Indicates an Arpeggio Sub Category.
3
ARP No. (Arpeggio Number)
Indicates the Arpeggio Type Number.
Utility
4
ARP Name
Indicates the Arpeggio Name.
5 Time
Signature
Indicates the time signature or meter of the Arpeggio type.
Appendix
54
To play the Arpeggio only when
the note is pressed:
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Set the “Hold” parameter to “off”
and the “Trigger mode” to
“gate.”
To continue the Arpeggio even if Set the “Hold” parameter to
the note is released:
“on.”
To toggle the Arpeggio
playback on/off whenever the
note is pressed:
Set the “Trigger mode” to
“toggle.” The “Hold” parameter
can be set to either “on” or “off.”
The “Hold” parameter and “Trigger Mode” parameter can be set
in the Arp Edit display (pages 66 and 96) of Voice Common Edit
and Multi Part Edit.
n When receiving the MIDI sustain message (control change #64) with the
“Arp Sw” set to “on,” you can obtain the same result by setting the “Arp
Hold” to “on.”
Arpeggio Block
The Controls &
Connectors
The Arpeggio playback features three main playback types as
described below.
Setting Up
When the lowest lamp is turned on by pressing the [SELECT]
button a few times, you can control Arpeggio playback tempo
by turning the right end knob as illustrated below. Try this out
and listen for the changes in the tempo.
Arpeggio playback types
Arpeggio Types for Normal Voices
on the MOTIF-RACK XS, make sure to set “MIDI Sync” of the Utility MIDI
window to “Internal.”
Accent Phrase
Accent Phrases are composed of sequence data included in
some Arpeggio types, sounding only when you play notes (on
an external MIDI keyboard) at a velocity higher (stronger) than
that specified in the Accent Velocity Threshold parameter. If it is
hard to play at velocities necessary to trigger the Accent Phrase,
set the Accent Velocity Threshold parameter to a lower value.
n The Accent Velocity Threshold parameter can be set in the Arp Edit display
(pages 66 and 96) of Voice Common Edit and Multi Part Edit.
n For information on Arpeggio types that use this function, refer to the
Arpeggio Type List in the Arpeggio Type List (PDF) documentation,
available from the online Yamaha Manual Library.
The Arpeggio is played back using only the played note and its
octave notes.
Connections
n When you wish to control Arpeggio playback tempo by turning the knobs
Playback only of the played notes
Playback of a programmed sequence according to
the played notes
These Arpeggio types have the several sequences each of
which is suited for a certain chord type. Even if you press only
one note, the Arpeggio is played back using the programmed
sequence—meaning that notes other than the ones you play
may be sounded. Pressing another note triggers the transposed
sequence regarding the pressed note as a root note. Adding
notes to those already held changes the sequence accordingly.
An Arpeggio with such a playback type has “_ES” at the end of
the type name.
Using a Computer
Turn this knob to
control the tempo of
Arpeggio playback
Quick Guide
The lamp is turned on.
Playback of a programmed sequence according to
the played chord type
These Arpeggio types created for use with Normal Voices are
played back to match the chord type determined by detecting
the notes you play on the keyboard. An Arpeggio with such a
playback type has “_XS” at the end of the type name.
Basic Structure
Press this button a
few times so that the
lowest lamp lights.
Listening to
the Sound
Arpeggio types (belonging to the categories except for the
DrPC and Cntr) created for use of Normal Voices have the
following three playback types.
n When the Key Mode parameter is set to “sort” or “sort+direct,” the same
sequence is played back no matter what order you play the notes. When
the Key Mode parameter is set to “thru” or “thru+direct,” a different
sequence is played back depending on the order you play the notes.
For setting the volume of the
SFX sound:
Random SFX Velocity Offset
parameter
For determining whether or not
the volume of the SFX sound is
controlled by velocity:
Random SFX Key On Control
parameter
n The Random SFX, SFX Vel Offset and SFX Key on Ctrl parameters can be
set in the Arp Edit display (pages 66 and 96) of Voice Common Edit and
Multi Part Edit.
n For information on Arpeggio types that use this function, refer to the
Arpeggio Type List in the Arpeggio Type List (PDF) documentation,
available from the online Yamaha Manual Library.
Voice
Drum Voices may not give musically appropriate results.
Arpeggio Types for Drum Voices
(Category: DrPc)
These arpeggio types are programmed specifically for use with
Drum Voices, giving you instant access to various rhythm
patterns. Three different playback types are available.
Playback of a drum pattern
Utility
For turning the Random SFX on/ Random SFX parameter
off:
n Since these types are programmed for Normal Voices, using them with
Pressing any note(s) will trigger the same rhythm pattern.
Playback of a drum pattern, plus additional played
notes (assigned drum instruments)
Pressing any note will trigger the same rhythm pattern. Adding
notes to the one already held produces additional sounds
(assigned drum instruments) for the drum pattern.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Appendix
Some Arpeggio types feature a Random SFX function which will
trigger special sounds (such as guitar fret noises) when the note
is released. The following parameters affecting Random SFX are
provided.
Reference
Random SFX
Multi
Controlling Arpeggio tempo by using a
knob
55
Arpeggio Block
The Controls &
Connectors
Playback only of the played notes (assigned drum
instruments)
Setting Up
Playing a note or notes will trigger a rhythm pattern using only
the notes played (assigned drum instruments). Keep in mind
that even if you play the same notes, the triggered rhythm
pattern differs depending on the order of the notes played. This
gives you access to different rhythm patterns using the same
instruments simply by changing the order in which you play the
notes when the Key Mode parameter is set to “thru” or
“thru+direct.”
n The three playback types above are not distinguished by category name
or type name. You’ll have to actually play the types and hear the difference.
n Since these types are programmed for Drum Voices, using them with
Listening to
the Sound
Normal Voices may not give musically appropriate results.
Connections
Arpeggio Types containing mainly nonnote events (Category: Cntr)
Using a Computer
These arpeggio types are programmed primarily with Control
Change and Pitch Bend data. They are used to change the tone
or pitch of the sound, rather than play specific notes. In fact,
some types contain no note data at all. When using a type of this
category, set the Key Mode parameter to “direct,” “thru+direct,”
or “sort+direct.”
n The Key Mode parameter can be set in the Arp Edit display (pages 66 and
96) of Voice Common Edit and Multi Part Edit.
Quick Guide
Tips for Arpeggio playback
Basic Structure
The Arpeggio function is useful for creating original songs as well
as a creative aid in your live performance, allowing you to
automatically trigger high-quality MIDI sequence phrases that
match the selected Voice or your desired music genre.
For details about how to use this function, refer to page 40 in the
Quick Guide section.
Voice
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
56
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Controller Block
The Controls &
Connectors
Controller Block
Setting Up
This block generates the MIDI events then transmits them to the tone generator block.
On synthesizers such as the MOTIF XS, this block consists of the keyboard, Pitch Bend and Modulation Wheels, Ribbon Controller,
Knobs, Sliders and panel buttons. On the MOTIF-RACK XS, this block consists of only the five knobs and panel buttons. Controlling the
knobs while playing the external MIDI keyboard adjusts the Voice parameters such as tonal characteristics and volume in real time.
For details on using knobs, see page 29 in the Quick Guide section.
Listening to
the Sound
Effect Block
System Effects are applied to the overall sound. With System
Effects, the sound of each Part is sent to the effect according to
the effect Send Level for each Part. The processed sound
(referred to as “wet”) is sent back to the mixer, according to the
Return Level, and output—after being mixed with the
unprocessed “dry” sound. This arrangement lets you prepare an
optimum balance of the effect sound and the original sound of
the Parts.
The Part EQ, the 3-band parametric EQ, is applied to each part
of the Multi. The high band and low band are the shelving type.
The middle band is the peaking type. The Common EQ
parameters offset the settings of the Part EQ parameters.
Using a Computer
System Effects—Reverb and Chorus
Common EQ/Part EQ
Master EQ
Master EQ is applied to the final (post-effect), overall sound of
the instrument. In this EQ, all five bands can be set to peaking,
or the lowest and highest bands can also be set to shelving.
Quick Guide
Effect structure
Connections
This block applies effects to the output of the tone generator block, and audio input block, processing and enhancing the sound.
Effects are applied in the final stages of editing, letting you change the sound of the created Voice as desired.
Basic Structure
Insertion Effect
Voice
Insertion Effects can be applied individually to each Part.
Insertion Effects are mainly used to directly process a single
Part, or Voice. A insertion effect has two units, A and B. Different
effect types can be set for each unit (Insertion Effects A and B).
The Insertion Effect can be specified in the effect parameter
display of Voice Edit (page 72). This instrument features eight
sets of Insertion Effects (each set has two units, A and B). They
can be applied to a maximum of eight Parts in the Multi mode.
This block applies effects to the final stereo output signal of the
entire sound.
Multi
Reference
Master Effect
Utility
Element EQ
Appendix
The Element EQ is applied to each element of the Normal Voice
and each key of the Drum Voice. You can specify which shape is
used among five types, such as shelving and peaking. The
Element EQ parameters can be set only on the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
57
Effect Block
The Controls &
Connectors
Effect connection in each mode
In the Voice mode
1 Voice
2
Common
EQ
Setting Up
Element or Drum Key
Element EQ
3
4
5
Insertion A
Insertion B
6
7
Master Effect
Master EQ
Return Level
Element 1 – 8
Reverb
Listening to
the Sound
Chorus to
Reverb
Send Level
Chorus
Connections
1 Element EQ applied to each Element (for a Normal
4 Insertion Effect A/B related parameters
Voice) and each Key (for a Drum Voice)
Can be set in the Effect Parameter display (page 72) for “Ins
A” and “Ins B” of Voice Common Edit.
Can be set on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor. See pages 81 and
86.
5 Reverb and Chorus related parameters
2 Common EQ applied to all the Elements and Keys
Using a Computer
Can be set in the Effect Parameter display (page 72) for
“Reverb” and “Chorus” of Voice Common Edit.
Can be set in the 3 Band EQ display (page 71) of Voice
Common Edit.
6 Master Effect related parameters
3 Selection which Insertion Effect, A or B is applied to
Can be set in the Voice MEF window (page 102) of Utility.
each Element/Key
7 Master EQ related parameters
Can be set on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor. See page 72.
Quick Guide
Can be set in the Voice MEQ window (page 103) of Utility.
n Regarding the Audio Input signal from the mLAN terminal in the Voice
mode, when the “Output Select” parameter (page 102) is set to something
other than “L&R,” the signal can be applied at only 1 – 4 settings as
shown above and output.
Basic Structure
In the Multi mode
1
Part
Part EQ
Multi
Voice
Insertion A/B
Voice
Part 1 – 16
4
5
Master Effect
Master EQ
3
Send
Level
Return
Level
2
Reverb
Multi
Reference
Chorus To
Reverb
Chorus
1 Part EQ applied to each Part
Can be set in the Part EQ display (page 96) of Multi Part Edit.
4 Master Effect related parameters
Can be set in the Effect Parameter display (page 93) for
“Master” of Multi Common Edit.
Utility
2 Selection to which Parts the Insertion Effect is applied
Can be set in the Fx Send display (page 97) of the Multi Part
Edit and the Effect display of Multi Common Edit on the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
5 Master EQ related parameters
Can be set in the MEQ display (page 92) of Multi Common
Edit.
n The Effect settings of 1, 3, and 4 in the Voice mode illustrated on
3 Reverb and Chorus related parameters
Appendix
Can be set in the Effect Parameter display (page 93) for
“Reverb” and “Chorus” of Multi Common Edit and the Fx
Send display (page 97) of Multi Part Edit.
58
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
page 58 are available for up to eight parts for which the Insertion Effect
is turned on.
n The audio signals of the parts for which the “Output Select” parameter
(page 95) is set to something other than “L&R” can be applied only at
the 1 and 2 settings as shown above and output.
Effect Block
Mono delay synchronized
with the tempo.
TEMPO DELAY
STEREO
✔
✔
–
Mono delay synchronized
with the tempo.
CONTROL
DELAY
–
✔
–
Delay with delay time
controllable in real time.
DELAY LR
✔
✔
–
Produces two delayed
sounds: L and R.
DELAY LCR
✔
✔
–
Produces three delayed
sounds: L, R and C (center).
DELAY LR
(Stereo)
✔
✔
✔
Produces two delayed
sounds in stereo: L and R.
The Controls &
Connectors
–
Setting Up
✔
–
Reverb emulating the
acoustics of a concert hall
using REV-X technology.
R3 HALL
✔
–
–
Reverb emulating the
acoustics of a concert hall
using an algorithm derived
from the Yamaha ProR3.
✔
✔
Reverb emulating the
acoustics of a concert hall
derived from the Yamaha
SPX1000.
✔
–
–
Reverb emulating the
acoustics of a room using
the REV-X technology.
–
–
Reverb emulating the
acoustics of a room using
an algorithm derived from
the Yamaha ProR3.
✔
✔
✔
Reverb emulating the
acoustics of a room derived
from the Yamaha SPX1000.
✔
–
–
Reverb emulating a metal
plate using an algorithm
derived from the Yamaha
ProR3.
✔
✔
✔
–
✔
–
Cho
Ins
G CHORUS
Effect Type
✔
✔
This chorus effect produces a
richer and more complex
modulation than conventional
chorus.
2 MODULATOR
✔
✔
This chorus effect consists of pitch
modulation and amplitude
modulation.
SPX CHORUS
✔
✔
This effect uses a 3-phase LFO to
add modulation and spaciousness
to the sound.
SYMPHONIC
✔
✔
A multi-stage version of SPX
CHORUS modulation.
ENSEMBLE
DETUNE
✔
✔
Chorus effect without modulation,
created by adding a slightly pitchshifted sound.
Description
✔
✔
Reverb designed for
enhancing solo instruments,
derived from the Yamaha
SPX1000.
Reverb which lets you set
the space size by specifying
the width, height, and depth.
Delay
An effect (or device) that delays an audio signal for ambient or
rhythmic effects.
Effect Type
Rev
Ins
Mas
Description
CROSS DELAY
✔
✔
–
The feedback of the two
delayed sounds is crossed.
Connections
Depending on the particular chorus type and parameters,
this can make a voice sound “larger,” as if several identical
instruments were playing in unison, or it can give a voice
greater warmth and depth.
Description
Using a Computer
–
SPACE
SIMULATOR
✔
Quick Guide
✔
SPX STAGE
TEMPO DELAY
MONO
Basic Structure
REV-X HALL
R3 PLATE
Description
Flanger
This effect creates a swirling, metallic sound.
Effect Type
Cho
Ins
Description
VCM FLANGER
✔
✔
Flanger with VCM technology
producing a vintage sound.
CLASSIC
FLANGER
✔
✔
Conventional type of flanger.
TEMPO
FLANGER
✔
✔
Tempo-synchronized flanger.
DYNAMIC
FLANGER
–
✔
Dynamically controlled flanger.
Voice
Ins
SPX ROOM
Cross delay synchronized
with the tempo.
Phaser
Cyclically modulates the phase to add modulation to the sound.
Effect Type
Cho
Ins
Description
VCM PHASER
MONO
✔
✔
Mono phaser with VCM technology
producing a vintage sound.
VCM PHASER
STEREO
✔
✔
Stereo phaser with VCM technology
producing a vintage sound.
TEMPO
PHASER
✔
✔
Tempo-synchronized phaser.
DYNAMIC
PHASER
–
✔
Dynamically controlled phase
shifter.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Utility
Cho
R3 ROOM
–
Appendix
Rev
REV-X ROOM
Mas
✔
Reference
Also called “reverberation,” this refers to the sound energy
remaining in a room or closed space after the original sound
stops. Similar to yet different from echo, reverb is the indirect,
diffuse sound of reflections from the walls and ceiling that
accompany the direct sound. The characteristics of this indirect
sound depends on the size of the room or space and the
materials and furnishings in the room. Reverb Effect types use
digital signal processing to simulate these characteristics.
SPX HALL
Ins
✔
Chorus
Reverb
Effect Type
Rev
Listening to
the Sound
The MOTIF-RACK XS provides such a wide and extensive
variety of Effect types that it may be difficult to find the desired
Effect type out of the great number that are available. This is why
all the Effect types are divided into convenient Effect categories.
This section explains the Effect categories and their types. The
Effect Type list described below for each category contains the
columns: Rev (Reverb), Cho (Chorus), Ins (Insertion) and Mas
(Master Effect). The checkmarks indicated in these columns
means the Effect Type is available for each block. These Effect
types (with the checkmarks indicated in each list) can be
selected from the panel controls.
Effect Type
TEMPO CROSS
DELAY
Multi
Effect Types divided into Effect
Categories
59
Effect Block
The Controls &
Connectors
Tremolo & Rotary
Lo-Fi
The tremolo effect cyclically modulates the volume. The Rotary
Speaker effect simulates the characteristic vibrato effect of a
rotary speaker.
This effect intentionally degrades the audio quality of the input
signal via several methods, including lowering of the sampling
frequency.
Effect Type
Setting Up
Ins
Description
AUTO PAN
✔
An effect which cyclically moves the sound
left/right and front/back.
TREMOLO
✔
An effect which cyclically modulates the
volume.
ROTARY
SPEAKER
✔
Simulation of a rotary speaker.
Ins
Mas
Listening to
the Sound
This type can be used mainly for guitar, adding distortion with an
edge to the sound.
LO-FI
✔
✔
Degrades the audio quality of the
input signal for a lo-fi sound.
NOISY
✔
–
Adds noise to the current sound.
DIGITAL
TURNTABLE
✔
–
Simulates the noise, scratches and
pops of a vinyl record.
Connections
Using a Computer
Effect Type
Ins
Mas
Description
RING
MODULATOR
✔
✔
An effect that modifies the pitch by
applying amplitude modulation to
the frequency of the input.
A simulation of a guitar amp.
DYNAMIC RING
MODULATOR
✔
–
Dynamically controlled ring
modulation.
Since a Compressor is included in
the first stage, steady distortion can
be produced regardless of
changes in input level.
DYNAMIC
FILTER
✔
✔
Dynamically controlled filter.
AUTO SYNTH
✔
–
Processes the input signal into a
synthesizer-type sound.
ISOLATOR
✔
✔
Controls the level of a specified
frequency band of the input signal.
SLICE
✔
✔
Cuts the Voice sound into separate
segments for special rhythmic
effects.
TECH
MODULATION
✔
–
Adds a unique feeling of
modulation similar to ring
modulation.
Effect Type
Ins
Mas
AMP
SIMULATOR 1
✔
–
A simulation of a guitar amp.
AMP
SIMULATOR 2
✔
–
COMP
DISTORTION
✔
–
✔
✔
This effect radically changes the tonal characteristics by using a
filter and modulation.
Description
Compressor, Distortion and Delay
are connected in series.
Compressor
Quick Guide
Compressor is an effect commonly used to limit and compress
the dynamics (softness/loudness) of an audio signal. For signals
that vary widely in dynamics, such as vocals and guitar parts, it
“squeezes” the dynamic range, effectively making soft sounds
louder and loud sounds softer. When used with gain to boost the
overall level, this creates a more powerful, more consistently
high-level sound. Compression can be used to increase sustain
for electric guitar, smooth out the volume of a vocal, or bring a
drum kit or rhythm pattern further up-front in the mix.
Basic Structure
Voice
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
60
Description
Tech
Distortion
COMP
DISTORTION
DELAY
Effect Type
MISC
This category includes effect types not included in the other
categories.
Effect Type
Cho
Ins
Description
VCM EQ 501
–
✔
Vintage 5-band parametric EQ with
VCM technology.
HARMONIC
ENHANCER
–
✔
Adds new harmonics to the input
signal to make the sound stand out.
Effect Type
Ins
Mas
Description
VCM
COMPRESSOR
376
✔
✔
Compressor with VCM technology.
✔
✔
–
Conventional type of compressor.
TALKING
MODULATOR
–
CLASSIC
COMPRESSOR
Adds a vowel sound to the input
signal.
✔
✔
✔
3-band type compressor.
DAMPER
RESONANCE
–
MULTI BAND
COMP
Simulates the resonance produced
when the damper pedal of the
piano is pressed.
PITCH
CHANGE
–
✔
Changes the pitch of the input
signal.
EARLY
REFLECTION
✔
✔
This effect isolates only the early
reflection components of the
reverb.
Wah
This Effect cyclically modulates the tone brightness (cutoff
frequency of a filter). Auto Wah modulates the tone via LFO,
Touch Wah modulates the tone via volume (note on velocity) and
Pedal Wah modulates the tone via pedal control (foot controller).
Effect Type
Ins
VCM AUTO WAH
✔
Modulates the tone via the LFO.
Description
VCM TOUCH WAH
✔
Modulates the tone via the volume
(note on velocity).
VCM PEDAL WAH
✔
Modulates the tone via the pedal
control. For best results, assign the
Pedal Control parameter of this
Effect type to the Foot Controller in
the Controller Set display, then use
the Foot Controller to control this
effect in real time.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Effect Block
n Each name of the parameters listed below is indicated with its full or
n Some parameters below may appear in different effect types with the same
Determines the amplitude modulation speed.
AM Wave
Determines the wave of the amplitude modulation.
AMP Type
Selects the amplifier type to be simulated.
Analog Feel
Adds the characteristics of an analog flanger to the sound.
VCM Phaser Mono, VCM Phaser Stereo
Attack
These effect emulate the characteristics of analog phasers used
in the 1970s, recreating a warm, high-quality phaser effect.
Determines the amount of time that elapses between the
playing of a key and the start of the compressor effect.
Attack Offset
Determines the amount of time that elapses between the
playing of a key and the start of the wah effect.
Attack Time
Determines the attack time of the envelope follower.
VCM Auto Wah, VCM Touch Wah, VCM Pedal Wah
Bit Assign
Determines how the Word Length is applied to the sound.
These effects emulate the characteristics of analog Wah used in
the 1970s, recreating a warm, high-quality wah-wah effect.
Bottom*1
Determines the minimum value of the wah filter.
Click Density
Determines the frequency at which the click sounds.
Click Level
Determines the click level.
Color*2
Determines the fixed phase modulation.
Common Release
This is a parameter of “Multi Band Comp.” This parameter
determines the amount of time that elapses between the
releasing of a note and the end of the effect.
Compress
Determines the minimum input level at which the compressor
effect is applied.
Control Type
This is a parameter of “Control Delay.” When set to “Normal,”
the delay effect is always applied to the sound. When set to
“Scratch,” the delay effect is not applied if both the Delay
Time and Delay Time Offset are set to “0.”
Damper Control
When the half-damper compatible FC3 footswitch is
connected to the SUSTAIN jack, the Damper Control
parameter is controlled by the FC3 over a range of 0 – 127,
allowing for partial damper effects, such as is available on an
actual grand piano.
Decay
Controls how the reverb sound decays.
Delay Level C
Determines the level of the delayed sound for the center
channel.
Delay Mix
Determines the level of the delayed mixed sound when
multiple effects are applied.
REV-X
REV-X is a reverb algorithm developed by Yamaha. It provides a
high-density, richly reverberant sound quality, with smooth
attenuation, spread and depth that work together to enhance the
original sound. The MOTIF-RACK XS features two types of REVX effects: REV-X Hall and REV-X Room.
Effect Parameters
Each of the Effect Types has parameters that determine how the
Effect is applied to the sound. A variety of sounds can be
obtained from a single effect type by setting these parameters.
For information about the Effect parameters, see below.
Preset settings for Effect parameters
Preset settings for parameters of each effect type are provided
as templates and can be selected by the “Preset” parameter in
the Effect Type selection display. To get a desired effect sound,
try first selecting one of the Presets close to your imagined
sound, then change the parameters as necessary. For details
about the preset settings of each effect type, refer to the
separate Data List booklet.
Delay Offset
Determines the offset value of the delay modulation.
Delay Time
Determines the delay of the sound in note value or absolute
time.
Delay Time C, L, R
Determines the delay time for each channel: center, left and
right.
Delay Time L>R
Determines the amount of time between the moment the
sound is input from the L channel and the moment the sound
is output to the R channel.
Delay Time Ofst R
Determines the delay time for the R channel as offset.
Delay Time R>L
Determines the amount of time between the moment the
sound is input from the R channel and the moment the sound
is output to the L channel.
Delay Transition Rate
Determines the speed (rate) at which the delay time is
changed from the current value to the specified new value.
Density
When the Reverb effect is selected, this determines the
density of the reverberations.
Connections
AM Speed
Using a Computer
Determines the phase of the amplitude modulation for the R
channel.
Quick Guide
Determines the depth of the amplitude modulation.
AM Inverse R
Basic Structure
AM Depth
Voice
Offsets the phase of the AEG.
When the Early Reflection is selected, this determines the
density of the reflections.
Depth
When “Space Simulator” is selected, this parameter
determines the depth of the simulated room.
When “VCM Flanger” is selected, this parameter determines
the amplitude of the LFO wave which controls the cyclic
change of the delay modulation.
When the phaser type is selected, this parameter determines
the amplitude of the LFO wave which controls the cyclic
change of the phase modulation.
Detune
Multi
This effect emulates the characteristics of analog flanger used in
the 1970s, recreating a warm, high-quality flanger effect.
Description
AEG Phase
Utility
VCM Flanger
Parameter name
Listening to
the Sound
name, but actually have different functions depending on the particular
effect type. For these parameters, two or three types of explanations are
given.
VCM Equalizer 501
This effect emulates the characteristics of analog equalizers
used in 1970s. It adds drive to the sound by reproducing
distortion typical of analog circuits. It consists of two shelvingtype filters and three peaking-type filters.
Setting Up
complete spelling, although it is indicated with the abbreviated spelling on
the LCD. The discrepancy in the name may make it difficult to find the
desired parameter. In such a case, confirm the parameters belonging to
the Effect Type you want to edit by referring to the Effect Parameter List in
the separate Data List booklet.
VCM Compressor 376
This effect emulates the characteristics of analog compressors,
used as standard effects in recording studios. It frames and
thickens the sound, and is suitable for drum and bass sounds.
The Controls &
Connectors
Effect Parameters making up the affect of the Effect Type are
listed here in alphabetical order.
Appendix
VCM is a technology that authentically models the elements in
analog circuitry (such as resistors and capacitors). Effect types
using the VCM technology produce the uniquely warm
characteristics of vintage processing gear.
Effect parameters
Reference
VCM (Virtual Circuitry Modeling)
Determines the amount of pitch to be detuned.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
61
Effect Block
Parameter name
Description
The Controls &
Connectors
Device
Selects the device for changing how to distort the sound.
Diffusion
Determines the spread of the selected effect.
Direction
Determines the direction of the modulation controlled by the
envelope follower.
Divide Freq High
Determines the high frequency for dividing the entire sound
into three bands.
Divide Freq Low
Determines the low frequency for dividing the entire sound
into three bands.
Setting Up
Divide Min Level
Determines the minimum level of the portions extracted via
the slice effect.
Parameter name
Filter Type
When “Dynamic Filter” is selected, this parameter determines
the filter type.
Fine 1, 2
Determines the pitch finely for each of the 1st series and 2nd
series.
Gate Time
Determines the gate time of the sliced portion.
Height
Determines the height of the simulated room.
Hi Resonance
Adjusts the resonance of the high frequencies.
High Attack
Determines the amount of time from the moment a note is
pressed to the moment the compressor is applied to the high
frequencies.
Listening to
the Sound
Divide Type
Determines how the sound (wave) is sliced by the note
length.
Drive
When one of the distortion, noisy and slice effects is
selected, this parameter determines the extent to which the
sound is distorted.
High Gain
Determines the output gain for the high frequencies.
High Level
Determines the level of the high frequencies.
When one of the misc effects is selected, this parameter
determines the extent to which the enhancer is applied.
High Mute
Switches the mute status of the high frequencies.
High Ratio
When “REV-X Hall” or “REV-X Room” is selected, this
parameter determines the ratio of the high frequencies.
Connections
Using a Computer
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
Drive Horn
Determines the depth of the modulation generated via the
rotation of the horn.
Drive Rotor
Determines the depth of the modulation generated via the
rotation of the rotor.
Dry Level
Determines the level of the dry sound (to which the effect is
not applied).
High Threshold
Determines the minimum input level at which the effect is
applied to the high frequencies.
Dry LPF Cutoff
Frequency
Determines the cutoff frequency of the low pass filter applied
to the dry sound.
Horn Speed Fast
Determines the speed of the horn when the slow/fast switch
is set to “fast.”
Dry Mix Level
Determines the level of the dry sound (to which the effect is
not applied).
Horn Speed Slow
Determines the speed of the horn when the slow/fast switch
is set to “slow.”
Dry Send to Noise
Determines the level of the dry signal sent to the noise effect.
Initial Delay
Determines the amount of time that elapses between the
direct, original sound and the initial reflections.
Dry/Wet Balance
Determines the balance of the dry sound and effect sound.
Initial Delay 1, 2
Dyna Level Offset
Determines the offset value added to the output from the
envelope follower.
Determines the delay time until the initial reflection for each of
the 1st series and 2nd series.
Initial Delay Lch, Rch
Dyna Threshold Level
Determines the minimum level at which the envelope follower
starts.
Determines the amount of time that elapses between the
direct, original sound and the initial reflections (echoes) that
follow it for each of R and L channels.
Edge
Sets the curve that determines how the sound is distorted.
Input Level
Emphasis
Determines the change of the characteristics in high
frequencies.
Determines the input level of the signal to which the
compressor is applied.
Input Mode
Selects mono or stereo configuration for the input sound.
EQ Frequency
Determines the center frequency for each band of the EQ.
Input Select
Selects an input channel.
EQ Gain
Determines the level gain of the EQ center frequency for
each band.
L/R Depth
Determines the depth of the L/R pan effect.
L/R Diffusion
Determines the spread of the sound.
EQ High Frequency
Determines the center frequency of the high EQ band that is
attenuated/boosted.
Lag
Determines the lagging time additionally applied to the
delayed sound specified via a note length.
EQ High Gain
Determines the amount of boost or attenuation applied to the
high EQ band.
LFO Depth
EQ Low Frequency
Determines the center frequency of the low EQ band that is
attenuated/boosted.
When one of “SPX Chorus,” “Symphonic,” “Classic Flanger,”
and “Ring Modulator” is selected, this parameter determines
the depth of the modulation.
EQ Low Gain
Determines the amount of boost or attenuation applied to the
low EQ band.
EQ Mid Frequency
Determines the center frequency of the middle EQ band that
is attenuated/boosted.
EQ Mid Gain
Determines the amount of boost or attenuation applied to the
middle EQ band.
When “Multi Band Comp” is selected, this parameter
determines the ratio of the compressor for the high
frequencies.
When “Tempo Phase” is selected, this parameter determines
the frequency of the phase modulation.
LFO Phase Difference
Determines the L/R phase difference of the modulated wave.
LFO Phase Reset
Determines how to reset the initial phase of the LFO.
LFO Speed
When one of the chorus effects, flanger effects, tremolo and
ring modulator is selected, this parameter determines the
frequency of the modulation.
Voice
Reference
Multi
EQ Mid Width
Determines the width of the middle EQ band.
EQ Width
Determines the width of the EQ band.
When “Tempo Flanger” or “Tempo Phaser” is selected, this
parameter determines the modulation speed via a note type.
ER/Rev Balance
Determines the level balance of the early reflection and
reverb sound.
When “Auto Pan” is selected, this parameter determines the
frequency of the Auto Pan.
F/R Depth
This parameter of “Auto Pan” (available when PAN Direction
is set to “L turn” and “R turn”) determines the depth of the F/
R (front/rear) pan.
FB Hi Damp Ofst R
Determines the amount of decay in high frequencies for the R
channel as offset.
FB Level Ofst R
Determines the feedback level for the R channel as offset.
Feedback
Determines the level of the sound signal output from the
effect block and returned to its own input.
LFO Wave
When any of the flanger effects or “Ring Modulator” is
selected, this parameter selects the wave for modulation.
When “Auto Pan” is selected, this parameter determines the
panning curve.
When “VCM Auto Wah” is selected, this parameter selects
the wave, sine or square.
Liveness
Determines the decay characteristic of Early Reflection.
Low Attack
Determines the amount of time from the moment a note is
pressed to the moment the compressor is applied to the low
frequencies.
Determines how the high frequencies of the feedback sound
decay.
Feedback Level
When one of the reverb and early reflection effects is
selected, this parameter determines the feedback level of the
initial delay.
Low Gain
Determines the output gain for the low frequencies.
Low Level
Determines the output level for the low frequencies.
When one of the delay, chorus, flanger, comp distortion
delay, and TEC effects is selected, this parameter
determines the feedback level output from the delay and
returned to the input.
Low Mute
Determines whether the low frequency band is off or on.
Low Ratio
When “REV-X Hall” or “REV-X Room” is selected, this
parameter determines the ratio of the low frequencies.
Utility
Feedback High Damp
When “Multi Band Comp” is selected, this parameter
determines the ratio of the compressor for the low
frequencies.
When “Tempo Phaser” or “Dynamic Phaser” is selected, this
parameter determines the feedback level output from the
phaser and returned to the input.
Appendix
62
Description
When “Lo-Fi” is selected, this parameter selects the tonal
characteristic type.
Feedback Level 1, 2
Determines the feedback level of the delayed sound in each
of the 1st and 2nd series.
Low Threshold
Determines the minimum input level at which the effect is
applied to the low frequencies.
Feedback Time
Determines the delay time of the feedback.
LPF Resonance
Determines the resonance of the low pass filter for the input
sound.
Feedback Time 1, 2, L, R
Determines the time of the feedback delay 1, 2, L and R.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Effect Block
Pre-LPF Cutoff
Frequency
Determines the Cutoff frequency of the Low Pass Filter before
the modulation.
Pre-LPF Resonance
Determines the Resonance of the Low Pass Filter for the
input sound.
Presence
This parameter of the guitar amp effect controls high
frequencies.
Meter
Changes the meter.
Mic L-R Angle
Determines the L/R angle of the microphone.
Mid Attack
Determines the amount of time from the moment a note is
pressed to the moment the compressor is applied to the mid
frequencies.
Mid Gain
Determines the output gain for the mid frequencies.
Mid Level
Determines the output level for the mid frequencies.
Ratio
Determines the ratio of the compressor.
Mid Mute
Switches the mute status of the mid frequencies.
Release
Mid Ratio
Determines the ratio of the compressor for the mid
frequencies.
Determines the amount of time that elapses between the
releasing of a key and the end of the compressor effect.
Release Curve
Determines the release curve of the envelope follower.
Mid Threshold
Determines the minimum input level at which the effect is
applied for the mid frequencies.
Release Time
Determines the release time of the envelope follower.
Resonance
Determines the resonance of the filter.
Mod Depth
Determines the depth of the modulation.
Mod Depth Ofst R
Determines the depth of the modulation for R channel as
offset.
Resonance Offset
Determines the resonance as offset.
Reverb Delay
Determines the delay time from the early reflections until the
reverberations.
Reverb Time
Determines the reverb time.
Room Size
Determines the size of the room in which the instrument
sounds.
Rotor Speed Fast
Determines the speed of the rotor when the slow/fast switch
is set to “fast.”
Mod Feedback
Determines the feedback level for the modulation.
Mod Gain
Determines the gain of the modulation.
Mod LPF Cutoff
Frequency
Determines the cutoff frequency of the low pass filter applied
to the modulated sound.
Rotor Speed Slow
Determines the speed of the rotor when the slow/fast switch
is set to “slow.”
Mod LPF Resonance
Determines the resonance of the low pass filter for the
modulated Sound.
Rotor/Horn Balance
Determines the volume balance of the horn and rotor.
Sampling Freq. Control
Controls the sampling frequency.
When “Noisy” is selected, this parameter determines the mix
level of the modulated element.
Sensitivity
When one of “Dynamic Flanger,” “Dynamic Phaser,” and the
TEC effects is selected, this parameter determines the
sensitivity of the modulation applied to the input change.
Mod Mix Balance
When “Tech Modulation” is selected, this parameter
determines the volume of the modulated sound.
Mod Speed
When one of the VCM Touch Wah effects is selected, this
parameter determines the sensitivity of the wah filter’s
change applied to the input change.
Determines the modulation speed.
Mod Wave Type
Selects the wave type for modulation.
Mode
Determines the phaser type, or more specifically, the factor
for forming the phaser effect.
Slow-Fast Time of Horn
Determines how long it takes for the rotation speed of the
horn to change from the current speed (slow or fast) to the
other one (fast or slow) when the rotation speed is switched.
Modulation Phase
Determines the L/R phase difference of the modulated wave.
Slow-Fast Time of Rotor
Move Speed
Determines how long it takes to move the sound from the
current status to the sound specified via the Vowel
parameter.
Determines how long it takes for the rotation speed of the
rotor to change from the current speed (slow or fast) to the
other one (fast or slow) when the rotation speed is switched.
Space Type
Selects the type of space simulation.
Noise Level
Determines the noise level.
Speaker Type
Noise LPF Cutoff
Frequency
Determines the cutoff frequency of the low pass filter applied
to the noise.
When “VCM Auto Wah” is selected, this parameter
determines the speed of the LFO.
Speed
Noise LPF Q
Determines the resonance of the low pass filter applied to the
noise.
When “VCM Flanger” is selected, this parameter determines
the frequency of the LFO wave which controls the cyclic
change of the delay modulation.
Noise Mod Depth
Determines the depth of the noise modulation.
Determines the speed of the noise modulation.
Noise Tone
Determines the characteristics of the noise.
On/Off Switch
Turns the isolator on or off.
OSC Frequency Coarse
Determines the frequency at which the sine wave modulates
the amplitude of the input wave.
OSC Frequency Fine
Determines the frequency finely at which the sine wave
modulates the amplitude of the input wave.
Output
Output Gain
Determines the level of the signal output from the effect
block.
Output Level
Output Level 1, 2
Determines the level of the signal output from the 1st block
and 2nd block respectively.
Over Drive
Determines the degree and character of the distortion effect.
Pan 1, 2
Determines the pan for each of the 1st series and 2nd series.
Pan AEG Min Level
This parameter of the Slice effect determines the minimum
level of the AEG applied to the panned sound.
Pan AEG Type
This parameter of the Slice effect determines the type of the
AEG applied to the panned sound.
Pan Depth
Determines the depth of the pan effect.
Pan Direction
Determines the direction toward which the stereo pan
position of the sound moves.
Pan Type
Determines the pan type.
Pedal Control
When “VCM PEDAL WAH” is selected, this parameter
determines the cutoff frequency of the wah filter. For best
results, assign this parameter to the Foot Controller in the
Controller Set display, then use the Foot Controller to control
this parameter.
Pedal Response
Determines how the sound responds to the change of the
damper control.
Phase Shift Offset
Determines the offset value of the phase modulation.
When any of the phaser types is selected, this parameter
determines the frequency of the LFO wave which controls the
cyclic change of the phase modulation.
When “VCM Auto Wah” is selected, this parameter
determines the speed of the LFO.
Speed Control
Switches the rotary speed.
Spread
Determines the spread of the sound.
Stage
Determines the step number of the phase shifter.
Threshold
Determines the minimum input level at which the effect is
applied.
Top*3
Determines the maximum value of the wah filter.
Type
When “VCM Flanger” is selected, this parameter determines
the flanger type.
When any of the wah effects is selected, this parameter
determines the type of the Auto Wah.
When “Early Reflection” is selected, this parameter
determines the type of the reflection sound.
Vowel
Selects a vowel type.
Wall Vary
Determines the wall status of the simulated room. Higher
settings produces more diffuse reflections.
Width
Determines the width of the simulated room.
Word Length
Determines the degree of sound roughness.
*1 The Bottom parameter is available only when the value is less than that of the Top parameter.
*2 The Color parameter may not be effective depending on the values of the Mode and Stage
parameters.
*3 The Top parameter is available only when the value is more than that of the Bottom parameter.
Appendix
Noise Mod Speed
Quick Guide
Determines the level of the effect sound mixed to the dry
sound.
Basic Structure
Determines the volume of the effect sound.
Mix Level
Voice
Mix
Setting Up
Determines the Cutoff frequency of the High Pass Filter
before the modulation.
Listening to
the Sound
Determines the depth of the pitch modulation.
Pre Mod HPF Cutoff
Frequency
Connections
PM Depth
Using a Computer
When “VCM Phaser mono” or “VCM Phaser stereo” is
selected, this parameter determines the offset value of the
phase modulation.
The Controls &
Connectors
Description
Determines the pitch in semitones for each of the 1st series
and 2nd series.
Multi
Parameter name
Pitch 1, 2
Utility
Description
When “VCM Flanger” is selected, this parameter determines
the offset value of the delay modulation.
Reference
Parameter name
Manual
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
63
The Controls &
Connectors
Reference
Setting Up
This section of the manual covers in detail all of the parameters and settings available on the MOTIF-RACK XS and the MOTIFRACK XS Editor. Some Common Edit parameters and all Element/Key Edit parameters can only be edited in the MOTIF-RACK
XS Editor. When the editing is synchronized between the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor and the MOTIF-RACK XS instrument, editing a
parameter on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor affects the same parameter on the MOTIF-RACK XS instrument and vice versa. In
other words, any editing you do on either the software Editor or the hardware is automatically reflected on both. This provides a
smooth, seamless interface, and makes it very easy to create and edit your data. For details about how to synchronize data
between the two, refer to the owner's manual of the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
For detailed instructions on accessing each Edit display, refer to page 25 of the Quick Guide.
Listening to
the Sound
About the
marks
In the Reference section, the parameters shown in only the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor are marked with
How to use the Edit display
marks.
1 These marks mean that up (▲) or down (▼) additional hidden pages. The next or
previous page is displayed by pressing the Cursor [L]/[M] buttons to move the cursor
in the display.
Connections
(Example)
2 This indicates the name of the Edit display that is currently selected for your edit
operations.
3 This number means the currently displayed page number of the selected Edit display.
Using a Computer
For example, the symbol “2/4” indicates that the currently selected Edit display has
four pages, and the second page is displayed.
4 (Multi mode only) This indicates the currently selected part. When left indicator (E)/
right indicator (F) are displayed, you can change the part with the Cursor [<]/[>]
buttons.
Quick Guide
5 The currently editable parameters are displayed. You can select the desired parameter
for editing by using the Cursor [L]/[M]/[<]/[>] buttons and change the settings with the
Encoders.
Basic Structure
Voice Mode
Normal Voice Edit
Voice
A Normal Voice, which contains pitched musical instrument-type sounds that can be played over the range of a keyboard, can
consist of up to eight Elements. There are two types of Normal Voice Edit displays: those for Common Edit to edit the settings
common to all Elements, and those for Element Edit to edit individual Elements.
In this section, we’ll cover the Normal Voice parameters.
Multi
Reference
Common Edit
These parameters are for making global (or common) edits to all eight Elements of the selected Normal Voice.
Procedure
[VOICE] ➝ select Normal Voice ➝ [EDIT] ➝ select the desired display in the Voice Edit Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝ Edit display
Utility
Appendix
Voice Play display
64
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Edit Select display
(Normal Voice)
Edit display
(example: Name display)
Voice Mode
Enters the desired name for the Voice. When you move the cursor to “Name,” pressing the [ENTER]
button calls up the Naming dialog, allowing you to enter the desired name. The Voice name can
contain up to 20 characters. For detailed instructions on naming, refer to page 47 in the Quick
Guide.
Main 1 Ctgry (Main Category 1)
Determines the two Main Categories and their Sub Categories to which the Voice belongs
respectively. “Category” can be used as a keyword representing the characteristics of the Voice.
The appropriate setting makes it easy to find the desired Voice from a variety of Voices. There are 16
Main Categories which indicate types of instruments. There are up to five Sub Categories for each
Main Category, indicating more detailed types of instruments.
Sub 1 Ctgry (Sub Category 1)
Main 2 Ctgry (Main Category 2)
Setting Up
Name
The Controls &
Connectors
1 Name
Settings: Refer to the Category List on page 87.
Sub 2 Ctgry (Sub Category 2)
Volume
Listening to
the Sound
2 Play Mode
Determines the output level of the Voice. Set this parameter to adjust the balance between the
current Voice and other Voices. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines the stereo pan position of the Voice. This parameter can be changed directly via the
Knob.
Connections
Pan
Settings: L63 (far left) – C (center) – R63 (far right)
n Note that this Part Pan parameter may have little or no audible effect if the Pan for a specific Element is set to the
left position and the Pan for another Element is set to the right position.
Determines the transpose setting for the amount (in semitones) by which the pitch is raised or
lowered.
Using a Computer
Note Shift
Settings: 24 – +0 – +24
PB Range Lower
(Pitch Bend Range Lower)
Mono/Poly
Determines the maximum Pitch Bend range in semitones. Setting the Upper parameter to +12 would
result in a maximum pitch rise of one octave when the Pitch Bend wheel is moved upwards. On the
other hand, a Lower setting of -12 would result in the pitch being lowered up to a maximum of one
octave (12 semitones) when the Pitch Bend wheel is moved downwards.
Settings: -48 semi – +0 semi – +24 semi
Quick Guide
PB Range Upper
(Pitch Bend Range Upper)
Determines the playback method of the Voice: monophonic (single Note Only) or polyphonic
(multiple notes).
Key Assign Mode
Basic Structure
Settings: mono, poly
mono ................................. When set to “mono,” the selected Voice is played back monophonically (only a single note is
played back simultaneously). For many instrument sounds (such as bass and synth lead), this
allows a more natural and smooth sounding legato performance than when this parameter is set
to “poly.”
poly.................................... When set to “poly,” the selected Voice is played back polyphonically (multiple notes can be
played back simultaneously or a chord is played back).
This is useful when two or more instances of the same note are received nearly simultaneously, or
without a corresponding Note Off message.
Porta Sw
(Portamento Switch)
Voice
Settings: single, multi
single................................. When this is set to “single” and double playback of the same note are transmitted to the internal
tone generator, the first note will be stopped then the next note will be sounded.
multi................................... When this is set to “multi” and double playback of the same note are transmitted to the internal
tone generator, all the notes are sounded simultaneously.
Determines whether Portamento is applied to the current Voice or not. This parameter can be
changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: 0 – 127
Porta Time Mode
(Portamento Time Mode)
Determines how Portamento is applied to your keyboard performance.
Settings: fingered, fulltime
fingered ..............................Portamento is only applied when you play legato (playing the next note before releasing the
previous one).
fulltime ............................... Portamento is applied to all notes.
Determines how the pitch changes in time.
Settings: rate1, time1, rate2, time2
rate1 .................................. Pitch changes at the specified rate.
time1.................................. Pitch changes in the specified time.
rate2 ................................. Pitch changes at the specified rate within a octave.
time2.................................. Pitch changes in the specified time within a octave.
Appendix
Porta Mode
(Portamento Mode)
Multi
Determines the pitch transition time when Portamento is applied. The effect of the parameter differs
depending on the settings of the “Portamento Time Mode.” Higher values result in a longer pitch
change time, or a slow speed. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Utility
Porta Time
(Portamento Time)
Reference
Settings: off, on
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
65
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Porta Lgt Slope
(Portamento Legato Slope)
When the Mono/Poly is set to “mono,” legato playing may produce an unnatural attack depending on
the waveform assigned to the selected Voice. To solve such a problem, you can use this parameter
to adjust the attack of the Voice. Normally, this should be set to a low value for waveforms with short
attack times, and should be set to a high value for waveforms with long attack times.
Settings: 0 – 7
Micro Tune Bank
(Micro Tuning Bank)
Setting Up
Micro Tune No.
(Micro Tuning Number)
Determines the Micro Tuning Bank.
Settings: preset, user
preset ................................ Contains the 13 preset Micro Tuning types.
user .....................................Contains your original Micro Tuning types created in the Micro Tune display (page 102) of the
Utility mode.
Determines the Micro Tuning number. The Preset Bank provides 13 types, including equal
temperament, which is the most commonly used tuning system. For details about Micro Tuning, refer
to the “Micro Tuning” (page 87) section in the Supplementary information.
Listening to
the Sound
Settings: Preset Bank: 1 – 13 (See the Micro Tuning list on page 87)
User Bank: 1 – 8
Sets the base note for each scale. For some scales this setting may not be necessary.
Connections
Micro Tune Root
(Micro Tuning Root)
Settings: C – B
Audition No.
(Audition Phrase Number)
Settings: 001 – 285
Audition Note Shift
(Audition Phrase Note Shift)
Settings: -24 – +0 – +24
Audition Vel Shift
(Audition Phrase Velocity Shift)
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Selects the type of the Audition phrase.
Adjusts the pitch in semitone increments.
Determines the offset value by which the Audition Phrase will be shifted from their original velocities.
Using a Computer
3 Arp Select (Arpeggio Select)
Determines whether the item being edited will commonly affect all five Arpeggios assigned to each Voice (“Arp Edit”), or affect only the
selected Arpeggio (“Arp 1 – 5 Type”).
Arp Sw
(Arpeggio Switch)
Determines whether Arpeggio playback is on or off. You can also turn this on or off from the front
panel with the [AUDITION] button when the “Audition Button” (page 99) in the Utility General window
is set to “arpeggio sw.”
Quick Guide
Settings: off, on
Arp Select
(Arpeggio Select)
Select the desired Arpeggio from Arpeggios 1 – 5. The 8th note icon shown in the settings indicates
some Arpeggio Type (other than “off”) is selected in the Arpeggio.
Settings: Arp 1 – Arp 5
Basic Structure
Arp Edit (Arpeggio Edit)
Common settings for the five Arpeggios assigned to each Voice.
Arp Sw
(Arpeggio Switch)
Determines whether Arpeggio playback is on or off. This is the same function as the “Arp Sw” in the
Arp Select display.
Settings: off, on
Arp Hold
(Arpeggio Hold)
When this is set to “on,” the Arpeggio cycles automatically, even if Note Off message is received,
and it continues to cycle until the next Note On message is received.
Voice
Settings: sync-off, off, on
sync-off.............................. When set to “sync-off,” the Arpeggio playback continues to run silently, even when Note Off
message is received. Receiving a Note On message turns the Arpeggio playback on again.
n When receiving the MIDI sustain message (control change #64) with “Arp Sw” set to “on,” you can obtain the same
result by setting “Arp Hold” to “on.”
Reference
Multi
Arp Tempo
Determines the Arpeggio Tempo. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
(Arpeggio Tempo)
Settings: 5 – 300
n If you are using this instrument with an external sequencer, DAW software, or MIDI device, and you want to
synchronize it with that device, set the “MIDI Sync” parameter in the Utility MIDI window (page 99) to “external” or
“auto.” When “MIDI Sync” is set to “auto” (only when MIDI clock is transmitted continuously) or “external,” the
Tempo parameter here indicates “external” and cannot be changed.
Velocity Rate
Utility
Determines how much the velocity of the Arpeggio playback is offset from the original value. A
setting of 100% means the original velocities are used. Settings below 100% will reduce the
velocities of the Arpeggio notes, whereas settings above 100% will increase them. If the resultant
velocity value is less than zero it will be set to 1, and if the resultant velocity is greater than 128 it will
be set to 127.
Settings: 0 – 200%
Gate Time Rate
Appendix
Determines how much the Gate Time (length) of the Arpeggio notes is offset from the original value.
A setting of 100% means the original gate times are used. Settings below 100% will shorten the gate
times of the Arpeggio notes, whereas settings above 100% will lengthen them. The Gate Time
cannot be decreased beyond its normal minimum of 1; any values outside that range will
automatically be limited to the minimum.
Settings: 0 – 200%
66
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
Adjusts the Arpeggio playback time based on tempo. By using this parameter, you can create a
different Arpeggio type from the original one. For example, if you set a value of 200%, the playback
time will be doubled and the tempo halved. On the other hand, if you set a value of 50%, the
playback time will be halved and the tempo doubled. Normal playback time is 100%.
The Controls &
Connectors
Unit Multiply
Settings: 50%, 66%, 75%, 100%, 133%, 150%, 200%
Determines to what beats the note data in the Arpeggio will be aligned, or to what beats in the
Arpeggio the swing is applied. The number shown at right of each value indicates the length
assumes that the quarter-note resolution is 480.
Setting Up
Quantize Value
Settings: 260 (32nd note), 6380 (16th note triplet), 6120 (16th note), 83160 (8th note triplet), 8240 (8th note),
43320 (1/4 note triplet), 4480 (1/4 note)
Sets the “strength” by which note events are pulled toward the nearest quantize beats. A setting of
100% produces exact timing set via the “Quantize Value” parameter above. A setting of 0% results
in no quantization. A setting of 50% result that the note events are pulled to the half point between
the 0% and 100%.
Listening to
the Sound
Quantize Strngth
(Quantize Strength)
Settings: 0% – 100%
Swing
Delays notes on even-numbered beats (backbeats) to produce a swing feel. Settings above 1 delay
the Arpeggio notes, whereas settings below -1 advance them. A setting of 0 produces exact timing
set via the “Quantize Value.” resulting in no swing. Judicious use of this setting lets you create swing
rhythms and triplet feels, such as shuffle and bounce.
Settings: -120 – +120
Octave Range
Connections
n When a triplet quantize value is used, the last note of each triplet will become the target for the swing.
Specifies the maximum Arpeggio range in octaves. Positive value settings increase the octave
range of the Arpeggio playback upward, whereas negative value settings increase it downward.
Settings: -3 – +0 – +3
Determines the actual timing at which the Arpeggio type is switched when you select another type
during Arpeggio playback. When set to “realtime,” the Arpeggio type is switched immediately. When
set to “measure,” the Arpeggio type is switched at the top of the next measure.
Using a Computer
Change Timing
Settings: realtime, measure
Velocity Mode
Adjusts the velocity of the Arpeggio notes when receiving the Note On message.
Key Mode
Quick Guide
Settings: original, thru
original............................... The Arpeggio plays back at the preset velocities included in the Arpeggio sequence data.
thru .................................... The Arpeggio plays back according to the velocity of the received Note On message.
Determines how the Arpeggio plays back when receiving Note On messages.
Basic Structure
Settings: sort, thru, direct, sort+direct, thru+direct
sort .................................... When the MOTIF-RACK XS receives specific Note On messages (for example, the notes of a
chord), the same sequence plays, no matter what order it the Note On messages are received.
thru .................................... When the MOTIF-RACK XS receives Note On messages (for example, the notes of a chord), the
resulting sequence differs depending on the order of the Note On messages received.
direct ................................. Note events of the Arpeggio sequence do not play; only the received Note On messages are
heard. When the Arpeggio plays back, events such as Pan and Brightness are applied to the
sound of your tone generator performance. Use this setting when the Arpeggio types includes
non-note data or when the Category type “Ctrl” is selected.
sort+direct......................... The Arpeggio is played back according to the “sort” setting here, and the received Note On
messages are also sounded.
thru+direct......................... The Arpeggio is played back according to the “thru” setting here, and the received Note On
messages are also sounded.
n Some Arpeggio types belonging to the “Cntr” Category may not have note events (page 56). When such an
Note Limit Lo/Hi
Voice
Arpeggio type is selected and the Key Mode is set to “sort” or “thru,” no sound is produced even if the MOTIFRACK XS receives Note On messages.
Determines the lowest and highest notes in the Arpeggio’s note range. Notes received in this range
trigger the Arpeggio. If you specify the highest note first and the lowest note second, for example
“C5 to C4,” then the note range covered will be “C -2 to C4” and “C5 to G8.”
Determines the lowest and highest velocity which can trigger the Arpeggio playback. Arpeggio will
only playback for notes received within its specified velocity range. If you specify the maximum
value first and the minimum value second, for example “93 to 34,” there will be a velocity “hole” and
the velocity range covered will be “1 to 34” and “93 to 127.”
Multi
Velocity Limit Lo/Hi
Reference
Settings: C -2 – G8
Settings: 1 – 127
Octave Shift
Shifts the pitch of the Arpeggio up or down in octaves.
When this is set to “on,” the Arpeggio cycles while notes are held. When this is set to “off,” the
Arpeggio plays only once even if notes are held.
Settings: off, on
Appendix
Loop
Utility
Settings: -10 – +10
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
67
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Trigger Mode
When this is set to “gate,” receiving a Note On message starts Arpeggio playback and receiving a
Note Off message stops it. When this is set to “toggle,” receiving a Note On message starts/stops
Arpeggio playback and receiving a Note Off message does not affect Arpeggio playback. Normally,
this parameter should be set to “gate.”
Settings: gate, toggle
n The Trigger Mode “toggle” setting overrides the Hold “on” setting in the Arp Edit display (page 66). In other words,
even when the Hold parameter is set to “on,” receiving a Note On message start/stops Arpeggio playback when
the Trigger Mode is set to “toggle.”
Setting Up
Accnt Vel Th
(Accent Velocity Threshold)
Some preset Arpeggio types include special sequence data called “Accent Phrase,” which will be
played back only when the velocities higher than a specified value are received. This parameter
determines the minimum velocity that will trigger the Accent Phrase.
Settings: off, 1 – 127
Listening to
the Sound
Accnt Strt Qtz
(Accent Start Quantize)
Determines the start timing of the Accent Phrase when the Velocity specified in “Accent Vel Th”
above is received. When set to off, the Accent Phrase starts as soon as the Velocity is received.
When set to on, the Accent Phrase starts on the beat specified for each Arpeggio type after the
Velocity is received.
Settings: off, on
Random SFX
Some Arpeggio types feature a Random SFX function which will trigger special sounds (such as
guitar fret noises) when the Note Off message is received. This parameter determines whether the
Random SFX is active or not.
Connections
Settings: off, on
SFX Vel Offset
(Random SFX Velocity Offset)
Determines the offset value by which the Random SFX notes will be shifted from their original
velocities. If the resultant velocity value is less than zero it will be set to 1, and if the resultant velocity
is greater than 128 it will be set to 127.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Using a Computer
SFX Key on Ctrl
(Random SFX Key on Control)
When this is set to “off,” the Random SFX special sound is played with the pre-programmed velocity.
When this is set to “on,” the Random SFX special sound is played with the velocity generated when
the Note On message is received.
Settings: off, on
Arp 1 – 5 Type (Arpeggio 1 – 5 Type)
Specific settings for a selected Arpeggio in the Arp Select display.
Quick Guide
Main Ctgry (Main Category)
Determines the Arpeggio Main Category and Sub Category including the desired Arpeggio type.
Sub Ctgry (Sub Category)
Settings: See “Category List” in the Basic Structure (page 53).
Type
Determines the desired Arpeggio Type number from the specified Category. The number and name
of the selected Arpeggio Type is shown at the second line from the top of the display. Refer to the
Arpeggio Type List in “Arpeggio Type List” (separate online documentation), described on page 8.
Basic Structure
n For details about how to use the “Arpeggio Type List,” see page 53.
Vel Rate
(Velocity Rate Offset)
Determines the offset value by which the Arpeggio notes will be shifted from their original velocities.
If the resultant velocity value is less than zero it will be set to 1, and if the resultant velocity is greater
than 128 it will be set to 127.
Settings: -100% – +0% – +100%
Voice
GTime Rate
(Gate Time Rate Offset)
Determines the Gate Time (length) of the Arpeggio notes. The Gate Time cannot be decreased
beyond its normal minimum of 1; any values outside that range will automatically be limited to the
minimum.
Settings: -100% – +0% – +100%
4 Filter
Filter parameter settings common to all elements of the Voice.
Multi
Reference
Cutoff
Determines the common offset value of filter Cutoff Frequencies for all Elements (page 76). This
parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Resonance
Determines the common offset value of filter Resonance/Width for all Element (page 76). This
parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Utility
5 EG
Using the AEG and FEG, you can control the sound transition from the moment the sound starts to the moment the sound stops. The EG
settings commonly affect all Elements.
FEG Attack
FEG Decay
Appendix
FEG Release
FEG Depth
Determines the FEG (Filter Envelope Generator) parameters for each Part. Using the FEG, you can
control the transition in tonal color (Cutoff Frequency) from the moment the sound starts to the
moment the sound stops. The settings made here will be applied to the same parameters in the FEG
(page 77) of Element Edit as offset. “FEG Sustain” is not available here. “FEG Depth” can be
changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
68
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
AEG Decay
AEG Sustain
These can be used to control the change in volume from the moment a note is played to the moment
the sound stops. The settings made here will be applied to the same parameters in the AEG (page
80) of Element Edit as offset. Each parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
The Controls &
Connectors
AEG Attack
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
AEG Release
Wave
Setting Up
6 LFO (Common LFO)
Determines how the vibrato, tremolo and wah effect are produced by using the LFO (Low Frequency Oscillator). The Common LFO
parameter settings commonly affect all elements of the Voice.
Selects the Wave and determines how the LFO waveform vibrates.
Play Mode
Listening to
the Sound
Settings: triangle, triangle+, saw up, saw down, squ1/4, squ1/3, square, squ2/3, squ3/4, trapezoid, S/H1, S/H2, user
user ................................... You can use your original LFO wave by selecting this as the LFO wave. The LFO wave can be
created only on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor. For details about setting, see USER LFO
parameters (page 71).
Determines whether the LFO cycles repeatedly (loop) or only once (one shot).
Settings: loop, one shot
Speed
Determines the speed of the LFO Wave. The higher the value, the faster the speed. This parameter
cannot be set when “Tempo Sync” is set to “on.”
Phase
Connections
Settings: 0 – 63
Determines the starting phase point for the LFO Wave
when it is reset.
Settings: 0°, 90°, 120°, 180°, 240°, 270°
Phase 0°
Tempo Sync
Using a Computer
Time
90° 180° 270°
120° 240°
Determines whether or not the LFO speed is synchronized to the tempo of the Arpeggio.
Settings: off (not synchronized), on (synchronized)
n When this parameter is set to “on” and “MIDI Sync” in the MIDI display of the Utility (page 99) is set to “external” or
Tempo Speed
Quick Guide
“auto,” the LFO speed is synchronized with the external clock.
This parameter is available only when Tempo Sync above has been set to “on.” It allows you to make
detailed note value settings that determine how the LFO pulses in sync with the Arpeggio.
Basic Structure
Settings: 16th, 8th/3 (eighth-note triplets), 16th. (dotted sixteenth note), 8th (eighth note), 4th/3 (quarter-note triplets), 8th
(dotted 8th note), 4th (quarter notes), 2nd/3 (half-note triplets), 4th. (dotted quarter notes), 2nd (half notes),
whole/ 3 (whole-note triplets), 2nd. (dotted half note), 4thx4 (quarter-note quadruplets; four quarter notes to the
beat), 4thx5 (quarter-note quintuplets; five quarter notes to the beat), 4thx6 (quarter-note sextuplets; six quarter
notes to the beat), 4thx7 (quarter-note septuplets; seven quarter notes to the beat), 4thx8 (quarter-note octuplets;
eight quarter notes to the beat), 4thx16 (sixteen quarter notes to the beat), 4thx32 (32 quarter notes to the beat),
4thx64 (64 quarter notes to the beat)
n The note type setting above is synchronized with the tempo of the Arpeggio playback.
Key on Reset
Determines whether or not the LFO is reset each time a Note On message is received. The following
three settings are available.
Settings: off, each-on, 1st-on
The LFO cycles freely with no key synchronization. Receiving a Note On
message starts the LFO wave at whatever phase the LFO happens to be at that
point.
Voice
off
Time
Key On
Time
Key On
(first note)
Key On
(second note)
Multi
The LFO resets with each received Note On message and starts a waveform at
the phase specified by the Phase parameter (above).
Reference
each-on
1st-on
Time
Key On
(first note)
Utility
The LFO resets with each received Note On message and starts a waveform at
the phase specified by the Phase parameter (above). If a second Note On
message is received while the first is being held, the LFO continues cycling
according to the same phase as triggered by the first note. In other words, the
LFO only resets if the first Note Off message is received before the second
Note On message is received.
Key On
(second note)
n The starting phase is determined by the “Phase” parameter although
the starting phase is shown as 0 in the illustration.
Determines the degree to which the LFO speed changes randomly. A setting of “0” results in the
original speed. Higher values result in a larger degree of random speed change.
This parameter cannot be set when “Tempo Sync” is set to on.
Appendix
Random Speed
Settings: 0 – 127
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
69
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Delay Time
Determines the delay time between the moment a Note On message is received and the moment the
LFO takes effect. A higher value results in a longer delay time.
Settings: 0 – 127
Fade in Time
Determines the amount of time for the LFO effect to fade in after the Delay time has elapsed. A
higher value results in a slower fade-in. When set to “0,” the LFO effect will not fade in and reach the
maximum level immediately after the Delay time has elapsed.
Settings: 0 – 127
Setting Up
Hold Time
Determines the length of time for which the
LFO is held at its maximum level. A higher
value results in a longer Hold time. A
setting of hold produces no fade out.
Fade in
Hold
Fade out
Max
Time
Settings: 0 – 126, hold
Listening to
the Sound
Fade out Time
Determines the amount of time for the LFO effect to fade out (after the Hold time has elapsed). A
higher value results in a slower fade-out.
Settings: 0 – 127
Connections
LFO Set 1 – 3 Dest
(LFO Set 1 – 3 Destination)
Determines the parameters which are to be controlled (modulated) by the LFO Wave. Three
Destinations can be assigned, and you can choose from several parameters per Destination.
Settings: insA1 – insA16, insB1 – insB16, A mod, P mod, F mod, reso, pan, LFOspd
insA1 – insA16, insB1 – insB16, (Effect parameters)
Each parameter of the selected Effect type is modulated cyclically. When one of those parameters is selected, the
corresponding parameter name of the selected Effect type is shown in the display.
Using a Computer
A mod (Amplitude Modulation Depth)
A tremolo effect produced by cyclically modulating the volume.
P mod (Pitch Modulation Depth)
A vibrato effect produced by cyclically modulating the pitch.
F mod (Filter Modulation Depth)
A wah effect produced by cyclically modulating the tonal brightness.
reso (Resonance)
A special wah effect produced by cyclically modulating the resonance.
pan
An effect produced by cyclically modulating the stereo pan position.
Quick Guide
LFOspd (Element LFO Speed)
When this is selected, the Common LFO speed cyclically modulates the Element LFO speed.
n If one or more “LFO Set 1 – 3 Element Sw” is set to “off” in the one set on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor and this
parameter is set to something other than one of the effect parameters, “!” indications are shown at right of the “LFO
Set 1 – 3 Dest” and “LFO Set 1 – 3 Depth” settings. This “!” mark indicates that the settings do not apply to all
Elements.
Basic Structure
LFO Set 1 – 3 Depth
Determines the LFO Wave Depth for each set.
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines whether or not each Element is to be affected by the LFO on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
When some buttons are set to “on”, the appropriate Elements are to be affected by the LFO.
LFO Set 1 – 3 Depth Offset
Determines the offset values of the “LFO Set 1 – 3 Depth” parameter (above) for the respective
Elements on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor. If the resultant “LFO Set 1 – 3 Depth” value is less than zero
it will be set to 0, and if the resultant “LFO Set 1 – 3 Depth” value is greater than 127 it will be set to
127.
Voice
LFO Set 1 – 3 Element Sw
Settings: 0 – 127
LFO Phase Offset
Determines the offset values of the “Phase”
parameter in the Wave for the respective
Elements on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Multi
Reference
Settings: 0°, 90°, 120°, 180°, 240°, 270°
Time
Phase 0°
Utility
User LFO Cycle
90° 180° 270°
120° 240°
Determines the amount of steps for creating the wave on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Settings: 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16
User LFO Slope
Determines the slope or ramp characteristics of the LFO wave on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Appendix
Settings: off, up, down, up&down
off ...................................... Creates no slope.
up ...................................... Creates an upward slope.
down.................................. Creates a downward slope.
up&down ........................... Creates an upward then downward slope.
70
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
You can select a pre-programmed template for the LFO wave on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
The Controls &
Connectors
User LFO Template
User LFO Step Value 1 – 16
Setting Up
Settings: all -64, all 0, all +63, saw up, saw down, even step, odd step
all 0.................................... Values of all the steps are set to 0.
all -64................................. Values of all the steps are set to -64.
all +63 ............................... Values of all the steps are set to +63.
saw up............................... Creates a saw shaped upward wave.
saw down .......................... Creates a saw shaped downward wave.
even step........................... Values of all odd steps are set to +63, and values of all even steps are set to -64.
odd step ............................ Values of all even steps are set to +63, and values of all odd steps are set to -64.
random .............................. Creates a base wave at random. Each time you click the random button, a different LFO wave
appears on the display randomly.
Determines the value for each step on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Mid Freq
Mid Gain
Mid Q
High Freq
High Gain
This is a parametric EQ featuring three bands (High, Mid and Low). You can attenuate or boost the
level of each frequency band (High, Mid, Low) to change the Voice sound. For the Mid band, you
can also set the Q (Bandwidth). Each parameter except for “Low Freq” and “High Freq” can be
changed directly via the Knob.
Frequency ......................... Determines the frequency for each frequency band. Set the value to the frequency around
which you wish to attenuate or boost.
Settings: Low: 50.1Hz – 2.00kHz
Mid: 139.7Hz – 10.1kHz
High: 503.8Hz – 14.0kHz
Gain................................... Determines the level gain for the Frequency (set above), or the amount the selected frequency
band is attenuated or boosted. The higher the value, the greater the Gain. The lower the value,
the lesser the Gain.
Settings: -12.00 dB – +0.00 dB – +12.00 dB
Q (Bandwidth) ................... Determines the Q (bandwidth) for the Mid band. The higher the value, the smaller the
bandwidth. The lower the value, the wider the bandwidth.
Settings: 0.7 – 10.3
Connections
Low Gain
Using a Computer
Low Freq
Listening to
the Sound
7 3 Band EQ
n The Q setting is available only for the Mid band, which is a Peaking type EQ. Peaking
(referring to the “peak” shape) lets you attenuate/boost a specific frequency and allows
you to control how wide or narrow the bandwidth is. On the other hand, the EQ shape
of the High and Low band is the Shelving type which lets you attenuate/boost the
signal at frequencies above or below the specified Frequency setting.
Assign 1 Value
Assign 2 Value
Quick Guide
8 Control
Determines the offset value by which the functions assigned to the Assign 1/2 will be shifted from
their original settings. Each parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
n The functions assigned to the Assign 1/2 Knobs can be set in “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Dest” of “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Src” (below) to
Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Src
(Controller Set 1 – 6 Source)
Basic Structure
which “Assign 1” or “Assign 2” are assigned.
Determines which panel controller is to be assigned and used for the selected Set. You can also
assign multiple functions to a controller.
Settings: PitchBend, ModWheel, AfterTch (Aftertouch), FootCtrl1 (Foot Controller1), FootSw (Footswitch), Ribbon, Breath,
Assign1, Assign2, FootCtrl2 (Foot Controller2), A. Func 1 (Assignable Function 1), A. Func 2 (Assignable Function 2)
n The Control Change number for the assignable controllers are set in the Utility Controller window (page 101).
n You can determine the degree to which the Pitch Bend wheel affects the Destination parameter (below) by setting
Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Dest
(Controller Set 1 – 6 Destination)
Voice
the “PB Range Upper (Pitch Bend Range Upper)” and “PB Range Lower (Pitch Bend Range Lower)” in the Play
Mode display (page 65).
Determines the parameter that is controlled by the Source controller (above). You can select a
parameter for each controller from the 69 parameters, such as volume, pitch and LFO depth.
Settings: Refer to the Control List in the separate Data List booklet.
n If one or more “Controller Set 1 – 6 Element Sw” is set to “off” in the one set on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor and this
parameter is set to a function related to Elements, “!” indications are shown at right of the “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Src,” “Ctrl
Set 1 – 6 Dest” and “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Depth” settings. This “!” mark indicates that the settings do not apply to all
Elements.
Determines the degree to which the Source controller affects the Destination parameter. For
negative values, the controller operation is reversed; maximum controller settings produce minimum
parameter changes.
Utility
Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Depth
(Controller Set 1 – 6 Depth)
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Determines whether or not the selected controller affects each individual element on the MOTIFRACK XS Editor. This parameter is disabled when the “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Dest” described above is set to
a parameter unrelated to the Voice Elements. When some buttons are set to “on,” the corresponding
Elements are to be affected by the selected controller.
Appendix
Controller Set 1 – 6 Element Sw
Multi
List, the actual parameter names of the selected Effect type are shown on the display. If “insA/B---(Prm 1 - 16)” is
shown, no function is assigned to that parameter.
Reference
n Regarding “Insertion Effect A Parameter 1 – 16” and “Insertion Effect B Parameter 1 – 16” described in the Control
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
71
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
9 Effect
n This display can be called up by pressing and holding the [EFFECT] button on the front panel.
9
2
!
3 45
)
6
@
78
Setting Up
1
1 Insertion Connection
Listening to
the Sound
From this display you can set the effect routing for Insertion Effects A and B. The setting changes are
shown on the diagram in the display, giving you a clear picture of how the signal is routed. For
details, see page 58.
Connections
Settings: parallel, ins A > B, ins B > A
parallel............................... Signals processed with the Insertion Effect A and B block will be sent to the Reverb, Chorus,
Master Effect and Master EQ blocks.
ins A > B............................ Signals processed with Insertion Effect A will be sent to Insertion Effect B and signals
processed with Insertion Effect B are sent to the Reverb, Chorus, Master Effect and Master EQ
blocks.
ins B > A............................ Signals processed with Insertion Effect B will be sent to Insertion Effect A and signals
processed with Insertion Effect A are sent to the Reverb, Chorus, Master Effect and Master EQ
blocks.
2 Chorus Send
Adjusts the chorus send level. The higher the value, the more pronounced the Chorus. This
parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: 0 – 127
Using a Computer
3 Chorus To Reverb
Determines the Send level of the signal sent from the Chorus Effect to the Reverb Effect. The higher
the value, the deeper the Reverb that is applied to the Chorus-processed signal.
Settings: 0 – 127
4 Chorus Return
Determines the Return level of the Chorus Effect.
Settings: 0 – 127
Quick Guide
5 Chorus Pan
Determines the pan position of the Chorus effect sound.
Settings: L63 (far left) – C (center) – R63 (far right)
6 Reverb Send
Adjusts the reverb send level. The higher the value, the more pronounced the Reverb. This
parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: 0 – 127
Basic Structure
7 Reverb Return
Determines the Return level of the Reverb Effect.
Settings: 0 – 127
8 Reverb Pan
Determines the pan position of the Reverb effect sound.
Settings: L63 (far left) – C (center) – R63 (far right)
Element Out 1 – 8
Determines which Insertion Effect (A or B) is used to process each individual Element on the MOTIFRACK XS Editor. The “thru” setting lets you bypass the Insertion Effects for the specified element.
Settings: thru (through), insA (insertion A), insB (insertion B)
Voice
9 Ins A (Insertion Effect A)
) Ins B (Insertion Effect B)
When the cursor is located here, pressing the [ENTER] button or the Encoder knob calls up the
Effect Parameter display.
! Chorus
@ Reverb
Reference
Multi
Effect Parameters
Switch
This parameter is available only for Master Effect. The value cannot be changed here.
Category
From the Category column, you can select one of the Effect Categories, each of which contains
similar Effect types. From the Type column, you can select one of the Effect Types listed in the
selected Category.
Type
Utility
Settings: Details about the Effect categories and the Effect types are described on page 59.
n The “Category” is not edited in the Reverb effect parameter display because there is only one Reverb category.
Preset
This lets you call up pre-programmed settings for each Effect Type, designed to be used for specific
applications and situations.
n For details about “Preset” settings, refer to the separate Data List booklet.
Appendix
Effect Parameter 1 – 16
72
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
The effect parameter differs depending on the currently selected effect type. Refer to page 61 for
details about the Effect parameters. Refer to the separate Data List booklet for information on the
parameters for each Effect type.
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Element Edit
If you wish to edit the sounds that make up a Voice and the detailed parameters that determine the sound, such as Oscillator,
Pitch, Filter, Amplitude, and EG (Envelope Generator), use the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor to edit the parameters of the individual
Elements. These parameters can be edited only on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, and not the device itself. For details on each
parameter setting window, refer to the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor Owner’s Manual.
Element Switch 1 – 8
Setting Up
OSC (Oscillator)
Determines whether each Element is on or off. When this is set to off, the corresponding Elements
will not sound.
Settings: off (inactive), on (active)
Category
Determines the Waveform assigned to the Element. Preset Banks are available for the Waveform
Bank. For details about Preset Waveforms, see the Waveform list in the separate Data List.
Listening to
the Sound
Wave Bank
Number
Name
Expanded Articulation (XA) is a special feature of the MOTIF-RACK XS that provides greater
performance flexibility and realism. This parameter determines how the XA feature of the Element
works. Try setting this parameter referring to the five types of XA Control described in the Basic
Structure on page 51. You can obtain the desired sound and expressive control depending on your
performance articulation by assigning the same Element Group to those Elements having the same
type of XA Control.
Connections
XA Control
(Expanded Articulation Control)
Settings: normal, legato, key off sound, wave cycle, wave random, all AF off, AF 1 on, AF 2 on
Using a Computer
normal
When this is selected, the Element will sound normally each time a Note On message is received.
legato
When this is selected and the Mono mode is selected, an alternate Element (different from the one used when XA Control is
set to “normal”) will be played when you play an external keyboard in legato fashion (playing the next note of a single-note
line or melody before releasing the previous note).
key off sound
When this is selected, the Element will sound each time a Note Off message is received.
Quick Guide
wave cycle
When this is selected for multiple Elements, each Element sounds alternately according to its numerical order each time a
Note On message is received. (In other words, receiving the first Note On message will sound Element 1, the second Note
On message Element 2, and so on.)
wave random
When this is selected for multiple Elements, each Element will sound randomly each time a Note On message is received.
all AF off
When this is selected, the Element will sound when both of the A, Func [1] and [2] buttons (ASSIGNABLE FUNCTION
buttons) are turned off.
Basic Structure
AF 1 on
When this is selected, the Element will sound when the A. Func [1] button (ASSIGNABLE FUNCTION [1] button) is turned on.
AF 2 on
When this is selected, the Element will sound when the A. Func [2] button (ASSIGNABLE FUNCTION [2] button) is turned on.
Elm Group
(Element Group)
Determines the XA Control group so that the Elements of the same group are called up in order or
randomly. Assign the same group number to the Elements having the same type of XA Control. The
setting here is not available when the XA Control parameters of all Elements are set to “normal.”
Settings: 1 – 8
Determines the time (delay) between the moment that a Note On message is received and the point
at which the sound is played. The higher the value, the longer the delay time.
Voice
Key on Delay
Settings: 0 – 127
Tempo Sync
(Delay Tempo Sync)
Determines whether or not the Key On Delay parameter is synchronized to the tempo of the
Arpeggio.
Multi
Utility
Vel Cross Fade
(Velocity Cross Fade)
Determines the timing of the Key On Delay only when Tempo Sync is set to “on.”
Settings: 16th, 8th/3 (eighth-note triplets), 16th. (dotted sixteenth notes), 8th, 4th/3 (quarter-note triplets), 8th. (dotted
eighth notes), 4th (quarter notes), 2nd/3 (half-note triplets), 4th. (dotted quarter notes), 2nd (half notes), whole/3
(whole-note triplets), 2nd. (dotted half notes), 4th x 4 (quarter-note quadruplets; four quarter notes to the beat),
4th x 5 (quarter-note quintuplets; five quarter notes to the beat), 4th x 6 (quarter-note sextuplets; six quarter notes
to the beat), 4th x 7 (quarter-note septuplets; seven quarter notes to the beat), 4th x 8 (quarter-note octuplets;
eight quarter notes to the beat)
This determines how gradually the sound of an Element decreases in volume in proportion to the
distance of velocity changes outside the Velocity Limit setting. A setting of 0 produces no sound
outside the Velocity Limit. The higher the value, the more gradual the level decreases. The practical
application of this parameter is to create natural-sounding velocity cross fades, in which different
Elements (Waveforms) change gradually depending on how strongly or softly you play.
Settings: 0 – 127
Appendix
Tempo
(Delay Tempo)
Reference
Settings: off (not synchronized), on (synchronized)
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
73
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Velocity Limit
Determines the minimum and maximum values of the velocity range within which each Element will
respond. Each Element will only sound for Note On messages within the specified velocity range
received. If you specify the maximum value first and the minimum value second, for example “93 to
34,” then the velocity range covered will be “1 to 34” and “93 to 127.”
Settings: 1 – 127
Note Limit
Determines the lowest and highest notes of a keyboard range for each Element. The selected
Element will sound only when Note On messages within this range are received.
Setting Up
Settings: C -2 – G8
Tune
Determines the pitch of each Element in semitones.
Listening to
the Sound
Coarse
(Coarse Tuning)
Settings: -48semi – +0semi – +48semi
Fine
(Fine Tuning)
Settings: -64 cent – +0 cent – +63 cent
Vel Sens
(Pitch Velocity Sensitivity)
Determines the pitch of each Element in cents.
Determines how the pitch of the Element responds to velocity. Positive settings will cause the pitch
to rise the more strongly you play an external keyboard and negative settings will cause it to fall. A
setting of 0 results in no change in pitch. Negative settings will cause the pitch to rise the more softly
you play.
Connections
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Fine Scaling
(Fine Scaling Sensitivity)
Determines the degree to which the notes (specifically, their position or octave range) affect the
pitch in fine tuning (set above) of the selected Element, assuming C3 as the basic pitch. A positive
setting will cause the pitch of lower notes to change lower and that of higher notes to change higher.
Negative values will have the opposite effect.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Using a Computer
Random
This lets you randomly vary the pitch of the Element for each time a Note On message is received.
The higher the value, the greater the pitch variation. A value of “0” results in no pitch change.
Settings: 0 – 127
Pitch Key Follow Center Key
Determines the central note number for Pitch Key Follow. The note number set here is the same
pitch as normal regardless of the Pitch Key Follow setting.
Settings: C -2 – G8
Quick Guide
Pitch Key Follow
(Pitch Key Follow Sensitivity)
Basic Structure
Determines the sensitivity of the Key Follow effect
(the pitch interval of adjacent notes), assuming
the pitch of the “Pitch Key Follow Center Key” as
standard. At +100% (the normal setting), adjacent
notes are pitched one semitone (100 cents) apart.
At 0%, all notes are the same pitch specified as
the Center Key. For negative values, the settings
are reversed.
Pitch Key Follow and Center Key
When Pitch Key Follow is set to 100
Large
Amount of
pitch change
Small
+
Settings: -200% – +0% – +200%
n This parameter is useful for creating alternate
tunings, or for use with sounds that do not need to be
spaced in semitones, such as pitched drum sounds
in a Normal Voice.
–
Lower range
Center Key
Higher range
Voice
PEG (Pitch EG)
Time
Reference
Multi
Determines the Time settings for Pitch EG. The
Time parameters let you set the time between the
adjoining points of the Level parameters below. A
higher value results in a longer time until reaching
the next level.
Pitch
Attack Level
Hold
Level
Settings: 0 – 127
Hold Time
Determines the time between the moment a Note On
message is received and the moment the envelope starts to
rise.
Utility
Attack Time
Determines the speed of attack from the initial pitch (Hold
Level) to the normal pitch (Attack Level) of the Voice after the
hold time has elapsed.
Decay1
Level
Decay2
Level
Release
Level
0
Hold Attack Decay1 Decay2
Time
Time Time Time
Pressing a key (Note On)
Release
Time
Time
Releasing a key (Note Off)
Decay 1 Time
Determines how fast the envelope falls from the normal pitch
(Attack Level) of the Voice to the pitch specified as the Decay 1 Level.
Appendix
Decay 2 Time
Determines how fast the envelope falls from the pitch specified as the Decay 1 Level to the pitch specified as the Decay 2
Level.
Release Time
Determines how fast the envelope falls to the pitch specified as the Release Level when a Note Off message is received.
74
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
Determines the Level settings for the Pitch EG. The Level parameters let you set the amount of the
pitch deviation based on the standard pitch specified at the Coarse (Coarse Tuning) and Fine (Fine
Tuning) parameters in the Tune (page 74) section for each envelope point.
The Controls &
Connectors
Level
Settings: -128 – +0 – +127
Hold Level
Determines the initial pitch at the moment a Note On message is received.
Attack Level
Determines the normal pitch reached when the envelope is changed from the Hold Level for the first time.
Setting Up
Decay 1 Level
Determines the pitch level to which the sound changes from the Attack Level after the Decay 1 Time elapses.
Decay 2 Level
Determines the sustain-level pitch which will be maintained while a note is held.
Release Level
Determines the final pitch reached after a Note Off message is received.
Segment
(EG Time Velocity Sensitivity
Segment)
High Velocity
Low Velocity
Fast pitch transition
Slow pitch transition
Connections
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Listening to
the Sound
Determines how the PEG transition time (speed) responds to velocity, or the strength with which the
note is pressed. When this is set to a positive value, high velocities result in a fast PEG transition
speed while low velocities result in a slow speed, as shown below. When this is set to a negative
value, high velocities result in a slow AEG transition speed while low velocities result in a fast speed.
When this is set to 0, the amplitude transition speed does not change, no matter what the velocity.
Determines the part of the Pitch EG affected by the EG Time Velocity Sens parameter.
Settings: attack, atk+dcy, decay, atk+rls, all
Using a Computer
Time Velocity Sens
(EG Time Velocity Sensitivity)
attack
Time Vel Sens affects the Attack Time and Hold Time.
atk+dcy (attack+decay)
Time Vel Sens affects the Attack Time, Decay 1 Time, and Hold Time.
decay
Time Vel Sens affects the Decay 1/2 Time.
atk+rls (attack+release)
Time Vel Sens affects the Attack Time, Release Time, and Hold Time.
EG Depth
Quick Guide
all
Time Vel Sens affects all the Pitch EG Time parameters.
Determines the range over which the pitch envelope changes. A setting of 0 will cause the pitch not
to change. The farther from 0 the value is, the larger the pitch range. For negative values, the pitch
change is reversed.
EG Depth Vel Sens
(EG Depth Velocity Sensitivity)
Basic Structure
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Determines how the pitch range of the Element responds to velocity. When this is set to a positive
value, high velocities cause the pitch range to expand and low velocities cause it to contract, as
shown below. When this is set to a negative value, the opposite effect is produced: High velocities
cause the pitch range to contract and low velocities cause it to expand. When this is set to 0, the
pitch envelope does not change no matter what the velocity.
High Velocity
Low Velocity
Large range
Small range
Voice
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Low
Low
Multi
Pitch Change
High
Velocity
Utility
Settings: Curve 0 – 4
High
Appendix
The five curves determine how the pitch range will be
generated according to the velocity (strength) with which
you play notes on an external keyboard. The selected curve
is indicated by the graphic at the right of this parameter on
the window. The horizontal axis of the graph represents
velocity, and the vertical axis represents pitch range.
Reference
EG Depth Curve
(EG Depth Velocity Sensitivity
Curve)
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
75
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Time Key Follow Center Key
(EG Time Key Follow Sensitivity
Center Key)
Determines the central note for EG Time Key
Follow. When the Center Key note is played on
a keyboard, the PEG behaves according to its
actual settings.
Positive value
Negative value
Settings: C -2 – G8
Faster
speed
+63
+30
Lower range
Higher range
-40
Setting Up
Slower speed
Center key
Listening to
the Sound
Time Key Follow
(EG Time Key Follow Sensitivity)
Determines the degree to which the notes (specifically, their position or octave range) affect the
pitch EG times of the selected Element. When this is set to a positive value, high notes result in a
high pitch EG transition speed while low notes result in a slow speed. When this is set to a negative
value, the opposite effect is produced: High notes result in a slow pitch EG transition speed while
low notes result in a high speed. When this is set to 0, the pitch EG transition speed does not change
no matter what note number is received as a Note On message.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Connections
Filter Type
Type
Determines the Filter Type for the current Element. For details about each type, refer to “Filter Type
List” in the Supplementary information (page 88).
Settings: LPF24D, LPF24A, LPF18, LPF18s, LPF12, LPF6, HPF24D, HPF12, BPF12D, BPFw, BPF6, BEF12, BEF6, Dual LPF,
Dual HPF, Dual BPF, Dual BEF, LPF12+BPF6, thru
Using a Computer
Cutoff
The Cutoff Frequency is the center frequency at which unwanted frequencies of the audio are cut.
This determines the Cutoff Frequency for the Filter to adjust the Filter effect. The tonal characteristics
of the Voice and function of the Cutoff Frequency differ depending on which Filter type is selected.
Set this parameter while confirming the Filter graph shown on the window.
Settings: 0 – 255
Quick Guide
Cutoff Velocity Sens
(Cutoff Velocity Sensitivity)
Determines how the Cutoff Frequency (specified in Cutoff above) responds to velocity, or the
strength with which you play notes. Positive settings will cause the Cutoff Frequency to rise the more
strongly you play an external keyboard. A setting of 0 will cause the Cutoff Frequency not to change
no matter what velocity you play. Negative settings will cause the Cutoff Frequency to rise the more
softly you play.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Distance
Basic Structure
Determines the distance between the two Cutoff frequencies, for the Dual Filter types (which feature
two identical filters combined in parallel), and the LPF12 + BPF6 type. When any of other filter types
is selected, this parameter is not available.
Settings: -128 – +0 – +127
Resonance/Width
Voice
This parameter’s function varies according to the selected Type. If the selected filter is an LPF, HPF,
BPF (excluding the BPFw), or BEF, this parameter is used to set the Resonance. For the BPFw, it is
used to adjust the frequency bandwidth. Resonance is used to set the amount of Resonance
(harmonic emphasis) applied to the signal at the cutoff frequency. This can be used in combination
with the cutoff frequency parameter to add further character to the sound. The Width parameter is
used to adjust the width of the band of signal frequencies passed by the filter with the BPFw. When
the Filter Type is set to “LPF6” or “thru,” this parameter is not available.
Settings: 0 – 127
Resonance Velocity Sens
(Resonance Velocity Sensitivity)
Multi
Reference
Determines the degree to which resonance responds to velocity, or the strength with which you play
notes. For positive values, the higher the velocity, the greater the resonance. A setting of 0 results in
no change of the Resonance value. For negative values, the lower the velocity, the greater the
resonance.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Gain
Determines the Gain of the signal sent to the filter. The lower the value, the lower the Gain. The tonal
characteristics generated by the filter differ depending on the value set here.
Settings: 0 – 255
Utility
Center Key
(Cutoff Key Follow Center Key /
HPF Key Follow Center Key)
Appendix
76
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
This indicates that the central note for Cutoff Key Follow and HPF Key Follow above is C3. Keep in
mind that this is for display purposes only; the value cannot be changed.
Voice Mode
Determines the degree to which the notes
(specifically, their position or octave range) affect
the “Cutoff” (set above) of the selected Element,
assuming C3 as the basic pitch. A positive setting
will lower the Cutoff frequency for lower notes and
raise it for higher notes. A negative setting will have
the opposite effect.
Cutoff Key Follow and Center Key
The Controls &
Connectors
Cutoff Key Follow
(Cutoff Key Follow Sensitivity)
When Center Key Follow is set to 100
Large
Amount of cutoff
frequency change
Small
+
Setting Up
Settings: -200% – +0% – +200%
–
HPF Cutoff
(High Pass Filter Cutoff Frequency)
Higher range
Listening to
the Sound
Center Key = C3
Lower range
Determines the central frequency for the Key Follow parameter (below) of the HPF. This parameter is
available only when filter types LPF12 or LPF6 are selected.
Settings: 0 – 255
Determines the degree to which the notes (specifically, their position or octave range) affect the
“Cutoff” (set above) of the HPF. A positive setting will lower the Cutoff frequency for lower notes and
raise it for higher notes. A negative setting will have the opposite effect. A setting of 0 will result in no
change in the note. This parameter is available only when filter types LPF12 or LPF6 are selected.
Connections
HPF Key Follow
(High Pass Filter Cutoff Key Follow
Sensitivity)
Settings: -200% – +0% – +200%
FEG (Filter EG)
Settings: 0 – 127
Hold Time
Determines the time between the moment a Note On message
is received and the moment the envelope starts to rise.
Cutoff
Frequency
Using a Computer
Determines the time settings for the Filter EG. The
Time parameters let you set the time between the
adjoining points of the level parameters below.
When the current Level setting is the same as the
next, the corresponding Time indicates the length of
time for which the Level is held at the current
setting. A higher value results in a longer time until
reaching the next level.
Attack Level
Decay1
Level
Hold
Level
Decay2
Level
Release
Level
0
Hold Attack Decay1 Decay2
Time
Time Time Time
Pressing a key (Note On)
Attack Time
Determines the speed of attack from the initial cutoff frequency
(Hold Level) to the maximum level (Attack Level) of the Voice after the hold time has elapsed.
Release
Time
Time
Quick Guide
Time
Releasing a key (Note Off)
Basic Structure
Decay 1 Time
Determines how fast the envelope falls from the maximum cutoff frequency (Attack Level) to the cutoff frequency specified
as the Decay 1 Level.
Decay 2 Time
Determines how fast the envelope falls from the cutoff frequency specified as the Decay 1 Level to the cutoff frequency
specified as the Decay 2 Level.
Release Time
Determines how fast the envelope falls to the cutoff frequency specified as the Release Level when a Note Off message is
received.
Determines the level settings for the Filter EG. The Level parameters let you set the amount of the
filter change at each point based on the cutoff frequency specified in the Filter Type (page 76).
Voice
Level
Settings: -128 – +0 – +127
Hold Level
Determines the initial cutoff frequency at the moment a Note On message is received.
Decay 2 Level
Determines the cutoff frequency which will be maintained while a note is held.
Release Level
Determines the final pitch reached after a Note Off message is received.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Playing hard
(High velocity)
Playing softly
(Low velocity)
Fast speed
Slow speed
Utility
Determines how the FEG transition time (speed) responds to velocity, or the strength with which the
note is pressed. When this is set to a positive value, high velocities result in a fast FEG transition
speed while low velocities result in a slow speed, as shown below. When this is set to a negative
value, the opposite effect is produced: High velocities result in a slow FEG transition speed while low
velocities result in a fast speed. When this is set to 0, the FEG transition speed does not change no
matter what the velocity.
Appendix
Time Velocity Sens
(EG Time Velocity Sensitivity)
Multi
Decay 1 Level
Determines the cutoff frequency to which the sound changes from the Attack Level after the Decay 1 Time elapses.
Reference
Attack Level
Determines the maximum cutoff frequency which the envelope reaches after a Note On message is received.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
77
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Segment
(EG Time Velocity Sensitivity Segment)
Determines the part of the Filter EG affected by the Time Velocity Sens parameter.
EG Depth
Determines the range over which the cutoff frequency of the Filter EG changes. A setting of 0 will
result in no change in the cutoff frequency. The farther from 0 the value is, the larger the range of the
cutoff frequency. For negative values, the change of the cutoff frequency is reversed.
Settings: attack, atk+dcy, decay, atk+rls, all
For details on the above settings, see “Segment” (page 75) in the “PEG.”
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Setting Up
EG Depth Vel Sens
(EG Depth Velocity Sensitivity)
Determines how the range of the cutoff frequency responds to velocity. When this is set to a positive
value, high velocities cause the Filter EG range to expand and low velocities cause it to contract, as
shown below. When this is set to a negative value, the opposite effect is produced: High velocities
cause the Filter EG range to contract and low velocities cause it to expand. When this is set to 0, the
Filter EG range does not change no matter what the velocity.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
EG Depth Curve
(EG Depth Velocity Sensitivity
Curve)
High Velocity
Low Velocity
Large range
Small range
The five curves determine how the FEG transition range
changes according to the velocity (strength) with which you
play notes on an external keyboard. The selected curve is
indicated by the graphic at the right of this parameter on the
window. The horizontal axis of the graph represents velocity,
and the vertical axis represents Cutoff Frequency range.
High
FEG transition
range
Low
Low
Settings: Curve 0 – 4
High
Using a Computer
Velocity
Time Key Follow Center Key
(EG Time Key Follow Sensitivity
Center Key)
Determines the central note for the Time Key
Follow parameter. When the Center Key note is
played on a keyboard, the FEG behaves
according to its actual settings.
EG Time Key Follow and Center Key
Positive value
Settings: C -2 – G8
Negative value
Faster
speed
Quick Guide
+63
+30
Lower range
Higher range
-40
Slower speed
Basic Structure
Center key
Time Key Follow
(EG Time Key Follow Sensitivity)
Voice
Determines the degree to which the notes (specifically, their position or octave range) affect the
Filter EG times of the selected Element. When this is set to a positive value, high notes result in a fast
Filter EG transition speed while low notes result in a slow speed. When this is set to a negative value,
the opposite effect is produced: High velocities result in a slow Filter EG transition speed while low
notes result in a fast speed. When this is set to 0, the Filter EG transition speed does not change no
matter what note number is received as a Note On message.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Filter Scale
Break Point 1 – 4
Determines the four Break Points by specifying the respective note numbers.
Settings: C -2 – G8
Reference
Multi
n Break Point 1 to Break Point 4 will be automatically be arranged in ascending order across the keyboard.
Cutoff Offset 1 – 4
Determines the offset value to the Cutoff parameter at each Break Point. For details about Filter
Scaling, refer to “Setting example of Filter Scaling” (page 90) of the Supplementary information.
Settings: -128 – +0 – +127
n Regardless of the size of these Offsets, the minimum and maximum Cutoff limits (values of 0 and 127, respectively)
cannot be exceeded.
Utility
n Any note played below the Break Point 1 note results in the Break Point 1 Level setting. Likewise, any note played
above the Break Point 4 note results in the Break Point 4 Level setting.
AMP Level/Pan
Level
Determines the output level of the Element.
Settings: 0 – 127
Appendix
78
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
Determines how the output level of the Element responds to velocity. Positive settings will cause the
output level to rise the harder you play an external keyboard. A setting of 0 will cause the output level
not to change. Negative settings will produce the opposite effect, causing the output level to rise the
more softly you play.
The Controls &
Connectors
Level Velocity Sens
(Level Velocity Sensitivity)
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
High
Volume
Low
Soft
Strong
Playing strength (velocity)
Settings: Curve 0 – 4
Level Velocity Offset
(Level Velocity Sensitivity Offset)
Setting Up
The five curves determine how the actual velocity will be
generated according to the velocity (strength) with which you
play notes on an external keyboard. The selected curve is
indicated by the graphic at the right of this parameter on the
window. The horizontal axis of the graph represents velocity, and
the vertical axis represents volume range.
Raises or lowers the level specified in Level Velocity Sens above. A setting of 64 results in the
original Level Velocity Sens values being used. Settings above 64 will raise the level specified in
Level Velocity Sensitivity.
Listening to
the Sound
Level Velocity Curve
(Level Velocity Sensitivity Curve)
Level Key Follow Center Key
(Level Key Follow Sensitivity Center
Key)
This indicates that the central note for Level Key Follow above is C3. Keep in mind that this is for
display purposes only; the value cannot be changed.
Level Key Follow
Determines the degree to which the notes
(specifically, their position or octave range) affect
the amplitude level (set above) of the selected
Element, assuming C3 as the basic pitch. A positive
setting will lower the output level for lower notes and
raise it for higher notes. A setting of 0 will cause the
output level not to change. A negative setting will
have the opposite effect.
Connections
Settings: 0 – 127
Level Key Follow and Center Key
When Level Key Follow is set to 100
Amount of
AEG level change
+
Using a Computer
Large
Small
Settings: -200% – +0% – +200%
–
Center Key = C3
Higher range
Quick Guide
Lower range
Pan
Adjusts the stereo pan position of the sound.
Determines the amount by which the sound is panned alternately left and right for each received
Note On message, assuming the pan position set above as center. Higher values increase the width
of the Pan range.
Settings: L63 – C – R63
Random Pan
Determines the amount by which the sound of the selected Element is panned randomly left and
right for each received Note On message. The Pan setting (above) is used as the Center Pan
position.
Determines the degree to which the notes (specifically, their position or octave range) affect the Pan
position (set above), left and right, of the selected Element. At note C3, the main Pan setting (above)
is used for the basic Pan position. A positive setting will move the pan position leftward for lower
notes and move it rightward for higher notes. A setting of 0 will cause the pan position not to change.
A negative setting will have the opposite effect.
Reference
Utility
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Appendix
Scaling Pan
Voice
Settings: 0 – 127
Multi
Alternate Pan
Basic Structure
Settings: L63 (far left) – C (center) – R63 (far right)
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
79
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
AEG (Amplitude EG)
Time
Determines the AEG transition time. The Time
parameters let you set the time between the adjoining
points of the Level parameters below. A higher value
results in a longer time until reaching the next level.
Level (Volume)
Attack Level
Decay1
Level Decay2
Settings: 0 – 127
Setting Up
Attack Time
Determines how quickly the sound reaches its maximum level
after a Note On message is received.
Initial
Level
Level
0
Decay 1 Time
Determines how fast the envelope falls from the Attack Level to the
Decay 1 Level.
Release
Time
Attack Decay1 Decay2
Time
Time Time
Decay 2 Time
Determines how fast the envelope falls from the Decay1 Level to
the Decay 2 Level (sustain level).
Pressing a key (Note On)
Time
Releasing a key (Note Off)
Listening to
the Sound
Release Time
Determines how fast the volume falls from the sustain level to zero when a Note Off message is received.
Level
Determines the Level settings for the Amplitude EG. The Level parameters let you set the amount of
volume transition at each point based on the level specified in the AMP Level/Pan parameter (page
78).
Connections
Settings: 0 – 127
Initial Level ........................ Determines the initial level at the moment a Note On message is received.
Attack Level....................... Determines the maximum level which the envelope reaches after a Note On message is
received.
Decay 1 Level ................... Determines the level which the envelope reaches from the Attack Level after the Decay 1 Time
elapses.
Decay 2 Level ................... Determines the level which will be maintained while a note is held from the Decay 1 Level.
Using a Computer
Time Vel Sens
(EG Time Velocity Sensitivity)
Determines how the AEG transition time (speed) responds to velocity, or the strength with which the
note is pressed. When this is set to a positive value, high velocities result in a fast AEG transition
speed while low velocities result in a slow speed, as shown below. When this is set to a negative
value, the opposite effect is produced: High velocities result in a slow AEG transition speed while
low velocities result in a fast speed. When this is set to 0, the amplitude transition speed does not
change no matter what the velocity.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
High Velocity
Low Velocity
Quick Guide
Faster speed
Basic Structure
Segment
(EG Time Velocity Sensitivity
Segment)
Half Damper
(Half Damper Switch)
Slower speed
Determines the part of the Amplitude EG affected by the Time Vel Sens parameter.
Settings: attack, atk+dcy, decay, atk+rls, all
attack................................. Time Vel Sens affects the Attack Time.
atk+dcy (attack+decay).... Time Vel Sens affects the Attack Time and Decay 1 Time.
decay ................................ Time Vel Sens affects the Decay 1/2 Time.
atk+rls (attack+release) .... Time Vel Sens affects the Attack Time and Release Time.
all....................................... Time Vel Sens affects all the Amplitude EG Time parameters.
When the Half Damper Switch is set to on, you can produce a “half-pedal” effect just as on a real
acoustic piano by using the external Controller assigned to control change number 64.
Settings: off, on
Voice
Half Damper Time
Determines how quickly the sound decays to silence after a Note Off message is received while
maximizing the effect by using the external Controller assigned to control change number 64 with
the Half Damper parameter turned on.
Settings: 0 – 127
Reference
Multi
Time Key Follow Center Key
(EG Time Key Follow Sensitivity
Center Key)
Determines the central note for the “Time Key
Follow.” When the Center Key note is played,
the AEG behaves according to its actual
settings.
Positive value
Negative value
Settings: C -2 – G8
Faster
speed
+63
+30
Lower range
Higher range
-40
Utility
Slower speed
Center key
Appendix
80
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
Determines the degree to which the notes (specifically, their position or octave range) affect the
Amplitude EG times of the selected Element. When this is set to a positive value, high notes result in
a fast Amplitude EG transition speed while low notes result in a slow speed. When this is set to a
negative value, the opposite effect is produced: High notes result in a slow Amplitude EG transition
speed while low notes result in a fast speed. When this is set to 0, the Amplitude EG transition speed
does not change no matter what the pressed note.
The Controls &
Connectors
Time Key Follow
(EG Time Key Follow Sensitivity)
Settings: -64 – +0 – +64
Break Point 1 – 4
Setting Up
AMP Scale (Amplitude Scale)
Determines the four Break Points by specifying the respective note numbers.
Settings: C -2 – G8
n Break Point 1 to Break Point 4 will be automatically be arranged in ascending order across the keyboard.
Determines the offset value to the level at each Break Point. For details about Amplitude Scaling,
refer to “Setting example of Amplitude Scaling” (page 90) in the Supplementary information.
Listening to
the Sound
Level Offset 1 – 4
Settings: -128 – +0 – +127
LFO (Low Frequency Oscillator)
LFO Wave
Selects the Wave and determines how the LFO waveform modulates the sound.
Speed
Connections
Settings: saw, triangle, square
Determines the speed of the LFO Wave.
Settings: 0 – 63
Key on Reset
When this is set to on, the LFO waveform is reset every time a Note On message is received.
Delay
Using a Computer
Settings: off, on
off ...................................... The LFO cycles freely with no key synchronization. Receiving a Note On message starts the
LFO wave at whatever phase the LFO happens to be at that point.
on ...................................... The LFO resets with each received note and starts a waveform at the phase specified by the
Phase parameter (page 69).
Determines the delay time between the moment a Note On message is received to the moment the
LFO comes into effect. A higher value results in a longer delay time.
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines the amount of time for the LFO effect to fade in after the Delay time has elapsed. A
higher value results in a slower fade-in. When set to “0,” the LFO effect will not fade in and reach the
maximum level immediately after the Delay time has elapsed.
Quick Guide
Fade in Time
Settings: 0 – 127
P Mod
(Pitch Modulation)
Determines the amount (depth) by which the LFO wave varies (modulates) the pitch of the sound.
The higher the setting, the greater the depth of control.
F Mod
(Filter Modulation)
Basic Structure
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines the amount (depth) by which the LFO wave varies (modulates) the Filter Cutoff
frequency. The higher the setting, the greater the depth of control.
Settings: 0 – 127
A Mod
(Amplitude Modulation)
Determines the amount (depth) by which the LFO wave varies (modulates) the amplitude or volume
of the sound. The larger the setting, the greater the depth of control.
Voice
Settings: 0 – 127
EQ
Low Freq
Utility
Settings: 2 Band (2 Band EQ), P.EQ (Parametric EQ), Boost 6 (Boost +6dB), Boost 12 (Boost +12dB), Boost18 (Boost
+18dB), thru
2 Band............................... This is a “shelving” equalizer, which combines separate high and low frequency bands.
P.EQ................................... The Parametric EQ for the single band is used to attenuate or boost signal levels (gain) around
the Low Freq according to the settings of Low Gain. Determines the bandwidth with which the
sound will be boosted or cut in the “Q” parameter.
Boost 6, Boost 12, Boost18
.......................................... Boosts the entire band of the selected Element by +6dB, +12dB, and +18dB respectively.
These settings have no adjustable parameters.
thru .................................... If you select this, the equalizers are bypassed and the entire signal is unaffected.
Multi
Determines the EQ Type. The number of parameters and values available differs depending on the
selected EQ type.
Reference
Type
(EQ Type)
This parameter is available only when the Type (EQ Type) parameter is set to “2 Band” or “P.EQ.”
When setting to “2 Band,” this determines the center frequency of the lower EQ band. When setting
to “P.EQ,” this determines the center frequency.
Settings: When the Type is set to “2 Band”... 50.1Hz – 2.00kHz, When the Type is set to “P.EQ”... 139.7Hz – 12.9kHz
This parameter is available only when the Type (EQ Type) parameter is set to “2 Band.” This
determines the center frequency of the high EQ band.
Appendix
High Freq
Settings: 503.8Hz – 10.1kHz
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
81
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Low Gain
This parameter is available only when the Type (EQ Type) parameter is set to “2 Band” or “P.EQ.”
When setting to “2 Band,” this determines the amount by which signals below the “Low Freq” will be
boosted/attenuated. When setting to “P.EQ,” this determines the amount by which signals in the area
of the center frequency will be boosted/attenuated.
Settings: -12.00dB – +0.00dB – +12.00dB
High Gain
This parameter is available only when the Type (EQ Type) parameter is set to “2 Band.” This
determines the amount by which signals above the “High Freq” will be boosted/attenuated.
Setting Up
Settings: -12.00dB – +0.00dB – +12.00dB
Q
This parameter is available only when the Type (EQ Type) parameter is set to “P.EQ.” This
determines the Q (bandwidth) for the band. The lower the setting, the greater the bandwidth. The
higher the setting, the smaller the bandwidth.
Settings: 0.7 – 10.3
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
Using a Computer
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
Voice
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
82
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Drum Voice Edit
Each Drum Voice can consist of up to 73 Drum Keys, assigned to notes (C0 to C6). There are two types of Drum Voice Edit:
those for Common Edit to edit the settings common to all keys, and those for Key Edit to edit individual keys. In this section, we’ll
cover the Drum Voice parameters.
Common Edit
[VOICE] ➝ select desired Drum Voice ➝ [EDIT] ➝ select desired display in the Voice Edit Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝ Edit display
Voice Edit Select display
(Drum Voice)
Edit display
(example: Name display)
Using a Computer
Voice Play display
Connections
Listening to
the Sound
Procedure
Setting Up
These parameters are for making global (or common) edits to all keys of the selected Drum Voice.
1 Name
This is the same as the Name display in Normal Voice Common Edit (page 65).
Quick Guide
2 Play Mode
This is the same as the Play Mode display in Normal Voice Common Edit (page 65). The following settings are not available for Drum Voice:
Note Shift settings, Mono/Poly settings, Key Assign mode settings, Portamento settings, Micro tuning settings.
3 Arp Select (Arpeggio Select)
This is the same as the Arp Select display in Normal Voice Common Edit (page 66).
4 Filter
This is the same as the Filter display in Normal Voice Common Edit (page 68).
Basic Structure
5 EG
This is the same as the EG display in Normal Voice Common Edit (page 68). The following parameters are not available for Drum Voice: FEG
Attack Time, FEG Decay Time, FEG Release Time, FEG Depth, AEG Sustain Level, AEG Release Time.
6 3 Band EQ
This is the same as the 3 Band EQ display in Normal Voice Common Edit (page 71).
Voice
7 Control
This is the same as the Control display in Normal Voice Common Edit (page 71). The Element Switch parameters on the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor are not available for Drum Voice.
Determines which Insertion Effect (A or B) is used to process each individual Drum Key, and which
is bypassed (thru). This Parameter can be set for each Drum Key selected in the Key parameter.
Multi
Key Out (Drum Key Out)
Reference
8 Effect
This is the same as the Effect in Normal Voice Common Edit (page 72). The main difference is that the Insertion Effect Out parameter on the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor is set for each Drum Key. In addition to that, four parameters are available. In this section, we’ll describe only those
parameters which are different from the Normal Voice.
Settings: thru (through), Ins A (Insertion A), Ins B (Insertion B)
Determines the Drum Key to be edited. You can select the key by clicking the keyboard on the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor. The parameters Key Out, Reverb Send (Key Reverb Send) and Chorus
Send (Key Chorus Send) can be set for each Drum Key.
Utility
Key
Settings: C0 – C6
Chorus Send
(Key Chorus Send)
Determines the level of the Drum Key sound (the bypassed signal) that is sent to Chorus effect. The
setting here is available only when the Key Out parameter is set to “thru.”
Reverb Send
(Key Reverb Send)
Appendix
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines the level of the Drum Key sound (the bypassed signal) that is sent to Reverb effect. The
setting here is available only when the Key Out parameter is set to “thru.”
Settings: 0 – 127
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
83
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Chorus Ins Send
(Insertion Chorus Send)
When the Key Out parameter is set to “Ins A” or “Ins B,” this determines the level of the Drum Key
sound (output from Insertion Effect A or B) that is sent to the Chorus effect.
Settings: 0 – 127
Reverb Ins Send
(Insertion Reverb Send)
When the Key Out parameter is set to “Ins A” or “Ins B,” this determines the level of the Drum Key
sound (output from Insertion Effect A or B) that is sent to the Reverb effect.
Settings: 0 – 127
Setting Up
Key Edit
Listening to
the Sound
If you wish to edit the sounds that make up a Voice and the detailed parameters that determine the sound, such as Oscillator,
Pitch, Filter, Amplitude, and EG (Envelope Generator), call up the Key Edit display. These parameters can be edited only on the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, and not the device itself. For details on each parameter setting window, refer to the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor Owner’s Manual.
OSC (Oscillator)
Connections
Key
Determines the desired drum key. You can also select the key by clicking the keyboard on the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor.
Settings: C0 – C6
Key Sw
(Key Switch)
Determines whether the currently selected Key is used or not. When this is set to off, the currently
edited Key will not sound.
Using a Computer
Settings: off (inactive), on (active)
Wave Bank
Category
Determines the Waveform assigned to the Drum Key. Only Preset Banks are available for the
Waveform Bank. For details about Preset Waveforms, see the Waveform list in the separate Data
List.
Number
Name
Quick Guide
Assign Mode
This is useful when two or more instances of the same note are received nearly simultaneously, or
without a corresponding Note Off message. To allow playback of each instance of the same note,
set this to “multi.” In general, you should probably set this to “multi”—especially for tambourine and
cymbal sounds that you would want to ring out to their full decay, when playing them multiple times
in succession. Please keep in mind that the “multi” setting consumes the overall polyphony and it
may cause sounds to be cut off.
Basic Structure
Settings: single, multi
single................................. When this is set to “single” and double playback of the same note are transmitted to the internal
tone generator, the first note will be stopped before the next note is sounded.
multi................................... When this is set to “multi” and double playback of the same note are transmitted to the internal
tone generator, all notes are sounded simultaneously.
Receive Note Off
Determines whether MIDI Note Off messages are received by each Drum Key. This should be set to
on when the selected Drum Key has a sustained, non-decaying sound (such as a snare roll), so that
you can stop the sound by releasing the note.
Settings: off, on
Voice
Alternate Group
Sets the Alternate Group to which the Wave is assigned. In a real drum kit, some drum sounds
cannot physically be played simultaneously, such as open and closed hi-hats. You can prevent keys
from playing back simultaneously by assigning them to the same Alternate Group. You can also
select “off” here if you wish to allow the simultaneous playback of sounds.
Settings: off, 1 – 127
Reference
Multi
Ins Effect Output
(Insertion Effect Output)
Determines which Insertion Effect (A or B) is used to process each individual Drum Key, and which
is bypassed (thru). This parameter is same as Key Out (page 83) in the Effect section in Drum Voice
Common Edit. Making a setting here automatically changes the setting of that parameter as well.
Settings: thru (through), Ins A (Insertion A), Ins B (Insertion B)
Reverb Send
(Key Reverb Send)
Utility
Determines the level of the Drum Key sound (the bypassed signal) that is sent to Reverb effect. The
setting here is available only when the “Ins Effect Output” parameter is set to “thru.” This parameter
is same as Reverb Send (page 83) in the Effect section in Drum Voice Common Edit. Making a
setting here automatically changes the setting of that parameter as well.
Settings: 0 – 127
Chorus Send
(Key Chorus Send)
Appendix
Determines the level of the Drum Key sound (the bypassed signal) that is sent to Chorus effect. The
setting here is available only when the “Ins Effect Output” parameter is set to “thru.” This parameter
is same as Chorus Send (page 83) in the Effect section in Drum Voice Common Edit. Making a
setting here automatically changes the setting of that parameter as well.
Settings: 0 – 127
84
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
Determines the specific output(s) for the individual Drum key signal. You can assign each individual
Drum key sound to be output from a specific hardware output jack on the rear panel. This parameter
is useful when you wish to apply a connected external effect to a specific drum instrument. The
setting here is available only when the “Ins Effect Output” parameter is set to “thru.”
The Controls &
Connectors
Output Select
Settings: For details, refer to the “Output Select List” (page 90) of the Supplementary information.
Tune
Settings: -48semi – +0semi – +48semi
Fine
(Fine Tuning)
Settings: -64 cents – +0 cent – +63 cents
Determines the pitch of each Drum Key in cents.
Determines how the pitch of the Drum Key responds to velocity. Positive settings will cause the pitch
to rise the more strongly you play an external keyboard and negative settings will cause it to fall. A
setting of 0 results in no change in pitch.
Listening to
the Sound
Vel Sens
(Pitch Velocity Sensitivity)
Setting Up
Determines the pitch of each Drum Key in semitones.
Coarse
(Coarse Tuning)
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Filter Type
Raises or lowers the cutoff frequency of the low pass filter to adjust the tone brilliance. The sound
can be brightened by raising the cutoff frequency, and darkened or muffled by lowering it.
Connections
Cutoff
Settings: 0 – 255
Determines how the Cutoff Frequency responds to velocity, or the strength with which you play
notes. Positive settings will cause the Cutoff Frequency to rise the harder you play an external
keyboard. A setting of 0 will cause the Cutoff Frequency not to change depending on velocity.
Negative settings will cause the Cutoff Frequency to rise the more softly you play.
Using a Computer
Cutoff Vel Sens
(Cutoff Velocity Sensitivity)
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Resonance
Determines the emphasis given to the Cutoff Frequency to add further character to the sound.
Higher values result in a more pronounced effect. This can be used in combination with the cutoff
frequency parameter to add further character to the sound.
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines the Cutoff Frequency of the High Pass Filter. The sound can be brightened by raising the
cutoff frequency, and darkened or muffled by lowering it.
Quick Guide
HPF Cutoff
(High Pass Filter Cutoff Frequency)
Settings: 0 – 255
AMP Level/Pan
Level
Determines the output level of the Drum Key.
Velocity Sens
(Level Velocity Sensitivity)
Basic Structure
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines how the output level of the Drum Key responds to velocity. Positive settings will cause
the output level to rise the harder you play an external keyboard. A setting of 0 will cause the output
level not to change. Negative settings will cause the output level to rise the more softly you play an
external keyboard.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Pan
Adjusts the stereo pan position of the sound.
Alternate Pan
Voice
Settings: L63 (far left) – C (center) – R63 (far right)
Determines the amount by which the sound is panned alternately left and right for each received
Note On message, assuming the pan position set above as center. Higher values increase the width
of the Pan range.
Utility
Settings: 0 – 127
Multi
Determines the amount by which the sound of the selected Drum Key is panned randomly left and
right for each received Note On message. The Pan setting (above) is used as the Center Pan
position.
Appendix
Random Pan
Reference
Settings: L63 – C – R63
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
85
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
AEG (Amplitude EG)
Time
Determines the AEG transition time. A higher
value results in a longer time until reaching the
next level.
Level
(Volume)
Attack
Level
Settings: 0 – 127 (0 – 126, hold for Decay 2 Time)
Decay1
Level
Setting Up
Attack (Attack Time)
Determines how quickly the sound reaches its maximum
level after a Note On message is received.
Decay 1 (Decay 1 Time)
Determines how fast the envelope falls from the Attack
Level to the Decay 1 Level.
Decay 2 (Decay 2 Time)
Determines how quickly the sound decays from the Decay
1 Level to silence after a Note Off message is received.
0
Attack
Time
Decay1
Time
Decay2
Time
Pressing a key (Note On)
Listening to
the Sound
Level
Time
Releasing a key (Note Off)
Determines the Level settings for the Amplitude EG. The Level parameters let you set the amount of
the transition at each point based on the level specified in the AMP Level/Pan parameter (page 85).
Settings: 0 – 127
Decay 1 Level
Determines the level which the AEG reaches from the Attack Level after the Decay 1 Time elapses.
Connections
EQ
From this display, you can set the EQ parameters for each Drum Key. This is the same as the EQ section in Normal Voice Element Edit (page
81).
Using a Computer
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
Voice
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
86
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Supplementary information
Category List
This is the list of the Main Categories and their Sub Categories to which the respective Voices of the MOTIF-RACK XS belong.
Sub Category
Layer
Modrn (Modern)
Vintg (Vintage)
Arp (Arpeggio)
Keys (Keyboard)
EP (Electric Piano)
FM (FM Piano)
Clavi
Synth
Arp
Organ
Tn Whl (Tone Wheel)
Combo
Pipe
Synth
Arp
Guitar
A. Gtr (Acoustic Guitar)
E.Cln (Electric Clean)
E. Dst (Electric Distortion)
Synth
Arp
Bass
ABass (Acoustic Bass)
EBass (Electric Bass)
SynBs (Synth Bass)
Arp (Arpeggio)
String (Strings)
Solo
Ensem (Ensemble)
Pizz (Pizzicato)
Synth
Arp
Setting Up
APno (Acoustic Piano)
Brass
Solo
BrsEn (Brass Ensemble)
Orche (Orchestra)
Synth
Arp
SaxWW (Sax / Woodwind)
Sax (Saxophone)
Flute
WWind (Woodwind)
RPipe (Reed / Pipe)
Arp
SynLd (Synth Lead)
Analg (Analog)
Digtl (Digital)
H Hop (Hip Hop)
Dance
Arp
Pads (Synth Pad/Choir)
Analg (Analog)
Warm
Brite (Bright)
Choir
Arp
SyCmp (Synth Comp)
Analg (Analog)
Digtl (Digital)
Fade
Hook
Arp
CPerc C
(hromatic Percussion)
Malet (Mallet Percussion)
Bell
SynBl (Synth Bell)
PDrum (Pitched Drum)
Arp
Dr / Pc (Drum / Percussion)
Drums
Perc (Percussion)
Synth
Arp (Arpeggio)
S.EFX (Sound Effect)
Move (Moving)
Ambie (Ambient)
Natur (Nature)
SciFi (Sci-Fi)
Arp
Listening to
the Sound
—
Move
Ambie
Sweep
Hit
Arp
Ethnc (Ethnic)
Bowed
Pluk (Plucked)
Struk (Struck)
Blown
Arp
Using a Computer
M. EFX (Musical Effect)
Connections
—
Micro Tuning
In the sections that follow, we'll explain in detail about the “Micro Tune” parameter in the Play Mode display (page 66) of the
Voice Common Edit parameters.
Quick Guide
What is Micro Tuning?
This function lets you change the keyboard scale from normal tuning (equal temperament) to one of a variety of special scales.
You can determine the scale type for each voice by simply selecting a Tuning number. You can also use original Micro Tuning
types that you’ve created in the Micro Tune display (page 102) of the Utility parameters.
Micro Tuning Root
Comments
—
The “compromise” tuning used for most of the last 200 years of Western music, and found on most
electronic keyboards. Each half step is exactly 1/12 of an octave, and music can be played in any key with
equal ease. However, none of the intervals are perfectly in tune.
C–B
This tuning is designed so that most of the intervals (especially the major third and perfect fifth) in the major
scale are pure. This means that other intervals will be correspondingly out of tune. You need to specify the
key (C – B) you will be playing in.
Equal
1
PureMajor
2
3
4
5
6
PureMinor
Werckmeist
Kirnberger
Vallot&Yng
C–B
The same as Pure Major, but designed for the minor scale.
C–B
Andreas Werckmeister, a contemporary of Bach, designed this tuning so that keyboard instruments could
be played in any key. Each key has a unique character.
C–B
Johann Philipp Kirnberger, an 18th century composer, created this tempered scale to allow performances
in any key.
C–B
Francescatonio Vallotti and Thomas Young (both mid-1700s) devised this adjustment to the Pythagorean
tuning, in which the first six fifths are lowered by the same amount.
7
1/4 Shift
—
8
1/4 tone
—
This is the normal equal tempered scale shifted up 50 cents.
Twenty-four equally spaced notes per octave. (Play twenty-four notes to move one octave.)
9
1/8 tone
—
Forty-eight equally spaced notes per octave. (Play forty-eight notes to move one octave.)
10
Indian
—
11
Arabic 1
12
Arabic 2
13
Arabic 3
Voice
Type
Reference
Micro
Tuning No.
Basic Structure
Micro Tuning List
Multi
Main Category
Piano (Acoustic Piano)
Usually observed in Indian music (white keys only).
Utility
Usually observed in Arabic music.
Appendix
C–B
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
87
Voice Mode
Setting examples of the Destination
The Controls &
Connectors
In this section, we’ll show you some useful examples how to set the “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Dest (Controller Set Destination)” assignments
of the Control display in the Voice Common Edit parameters (page 71).
Setting Up
Listening to
the Sound
To control the volume:
Volume (volume)
To apply vibrato to the Voice:
Common LFO Depth1 – 3 (C-LFO dpth1 – 3) *1
To change the pitch:
Element Pitch (coarse tune) *2
To control the brightness of the Voice:
Element Filter Frequency (cutoff) *2
To change the speed of the Rotary Speaker:
Insertion A/B Parameter 1 (ins A/B Rotor Slow) *3
To apply wah pedal effect to the Voice:
Insertion A/B Parameter 1 (ins A/B Pedal Ctrl) *4
Concerning *1 – *4, the following settings are necessary in addition to the above setting.
*1
• Select the “LFO” in the Voice Edit Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝ “Play Mode” = “loop”
• Select the “LFO” in the Voice Edit Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝ “LFO Set 1 – 3 Dest” = “P mod”
*2
Controller Set in the Voice Common Edit on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor
➝ “SW (Element Switch)” = “on”
Connections
*3
• Select the “Effect” in the Voice Common Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝ select the “Ins A/B” ➝ [ENTER] ➝ “Type” = “Rotary Speaker”
• Effect in the Voice Common Edit on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor ➝ “Element Out” / “Key Out” = ins A/B (assigned to “Rotary Speaker” type)
*4
• Select the “Effect” in the Voice Common Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝ select the “Ins A/B” ➝ [ENTER] ➝ “Type” = “VCM Pedal Wah”
• Effect in the Voice Common Edit on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor ➝ “Element Out” / “Key Out” = ins A/B (assigned to “VCM Pedal Wah”)
Using a Computer
Filter Type List
Quick Guide
In the sections that follow, we'll explain the Filter Type
specified in the Filter Type display of the Voice Element Edit.
Basic Structure
LPF (Low Pass Filter)
This is a Filter type that only passes signals below the Cutoff
Frequency. The sound can be brightened by raising the
cutoff frequency of the filter. On the other hand, the sound
can be darkened by lowering the cutoff frequency of the
filter. You can then use Resonance to add further character
to the sound. This filter type is most popular and useful for
producing classic synthesizer sounds.
HPF (High Pass Filter)
This is a Filter type that only passes signals above the Cutoff
Frequency. You can then use the Resonance to add further
character to the sound.
HPF24D
A dynamic 24 dB/oct high-pass filter with a characteristic
digital sound. This filter can produce a pronounced
resonance effect.
Cutoff range
Resonance
Voice
LPF24D
Compared to the LPF24A type (below), this filter can
produce a more pronounced resonance effect.
Level
These frequencies are
“passed” by the filter.
Cutoff range
These frequencies are
“passed” by the filter.
Level
Cutoff Frequency
Frequency
HPF12
12 dB/oct dynamic high-pass filter.
Resonance
Reference
Multi
Cutoff Frequency
Frequency
Utility
LPF24A
A digital dynamic low-pass filter with characteristics similar
to a 4-pole analog synthesizer filter.
LPF18
3-pole 18 dB/oct low-pass filter.
BPF (Band Pass Filter)
This Filter type is a combination of a LPF and HPF. When this
Filter Type is selected, you can set the Cutoff Frequency
around which the audio signal is passed.
BPF12D
The combination of a -12 dB/oct HPF and LPF with a
characteristic digital sound.
Level
Cutoff range
Appendix
LPF18s
3-pole 18 dB/oct low-pass filter. This filter has a smoother
cutoff slope than the LPF18 type.
Resonance
Range passed
88
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Cutoff range
Frequency
Voice Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Dual BEF
Two -6 dB/oct band-elimination filters connected in parallel.
BPF6
The combination of a -6 dB/oct HPF and LPF.
Level
Level
Range passed
Cutoff range
Cutoff range
Distance
Cutoff range
BPFw
A 12 dB/oct BPF that combines HPF and LPF filters to allow
wider bandwidth settings.
Cutoff Frequency
Cutoff Frequency
Frequency
Only the lower cutoff frequency is set
directly on the window.
Listening to
the Sound
Frequency
Range passed
Setting Up
Resonance
Level
BEF (Band Elimination Filter)
When this Filter Type is selected, you can set the Cutoff
Frequency around which the audio signal is muted or
eliminated. The Band Elimination Filter has an opposite effect
on the sound compared to the Band Pass Filter.
BEF12
BEF6
Level
Range passed
Cutoff range
Range passed
LPF12+HPF12
A combination of a -12 dB/oct low-pass filter and high-pass
filter. When this Filter Type is selected, HPF Cutoff and HPF
Key Follow can be set. Only the LPF graph is shown on the
window.
Connections
Frequency
Cutoff
Frequency
Using a Computer
Cutoff
Frequency
Combination Type Filter
This type is a combination of two different filter types. You
can edit the distance between the two Cutoff Frequencies.
LPF6+HPF6
A combination of a -6 dB/oct low-pass filter and high-pass
filter. When this Filter Type is selected, HPF Cutoff and HPF
Key Follow can be set. Only the LPF graph is shown on the
window.
Quick Guide
Cutoff
Frequency
Range passed
Cutoff range
LPF12+BPF6
A combination of a low-pass filter and band-pass filter. You
can edit the distance between the two Cutoff Frequencies.
Level
Range passed
Cutoff range
Basic Structure
Width
Cutoff range
Frequency
Cutoff Frequency
Distance
Cutoff Frequency
Cutoff Frequency
Frequency
Only the lower cutoff frequency is set
directly on the window.
Voice
Dual Type Filter
This type is a combination of two same filter types. You can
edit the distance between the two Cutoff Frequencies.
Dual LPF
Two 12 dB/oct low-pass filters connected in parallel.
Range passed
Reference
Cutoff range
Multi
Level
Distance
Cutoff Frequency
Frequency
Utility
Cutoff Frequency
Only the lower cutoff frequency is set
directly on the window.
Appendix
Dual HPF
Two -12 dB/oct high-pass filters connected in parallel.
Dual BPF
Two -6 dB/oct band-pass filters connected in parallel.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
89
Voice Mode
Setting example of Filter Scaling
The Controls &
Connectors
Here we'll show you the setting example of Filter Scaling in Filter Scale (page 78) of the Voice Element Edit parameters. For the
settings shown in the example below, the basic Cutoff frequency value is 127, and the various Cutoff Offset values at the
selected Break Point settings change that basic value accordingly. The specific changes to the Cutoff frequency are shown in
the diagram below. The Cutoff frequency changes in a linear fashion between successive Break Points across the keyboard as
shown.
Setting Up
Break Point
Cutoff Offset
1
C#1
-4
2
D#2
+10
3
C3
+17
Cutoff
frequency
4
C4
+4
144
137
131
123
Listening to
the Sound
Note
Break Break
Point 1 Point 2
C#1
D#2
Break Break
Point 3 Point 4
C3
A4
Setting example of Amplitude Scaling
Connections
Here we'll show you an example Amplitude Scaling setting in AMP Scale (page 81) of the Voice Element Edit parameters. For
the settings shown in the example below, the basic Amplitude (volume) value for the selected Element is 80, and the various
Level Offset values at the selected Break Point settings change that basic value accordingly. The Amplitude changes in a linear
fashion between successive Break Points across the keyboard as shown.
Using a Computer
Break Point
Level Offset
1
C1
-4
2
C2
+10
3
C3
+17
144
Amplitude
4
C4
+4
137
131
123
Quick Guide
Note
Break Break
Point 1 Point 2
C1
C2
Break Break
Point 3 Point 4
C3
C4
Output Select List
Basic Structure
In the sections that follow, we'll explain the Output Select settings that let you determine the output assignments for the signals.
Output Select is specified in several different places: OSC (Oscillator) of the Drum Key Edit parameters (page 85) on the
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, the mLAN In display of the Multi Common Edit parameter (page 92), the Play Mode display of the Multi
Part Editor parameters (page 95), and the Voice mLAN display of the Utility parameters.
LCD
Output jacks
Stereo/Mono
Voice
Reference
Multi
L&R
OUTPUT L and R
asL&R
ASSIGNABLE OUTPUT L and R
Stereo
m1&2
mLAN OUTPUT 1 and 2
Stereo (1: L, 2: R)
m3&4
mLAN OUTPUT 3 and 4
Stereo (3: L, 4: R)
m5&6
mLAN OUTPUT 5 and 6
Stereo (5: L, 6: R)
m7&8
mLAN OUTPUT 7 and 8
Stereo (7: L, 8: R)
m9&10
mLAN OUTPUT 9 and 10
Stereo (9: L, 10: R)
m11&12
mLAN OUTPUT 11 and 12
Stereo (11: L, 12: R)
m13&14
mLAN OUTPUT 13 and 14
Stereo (13: L, 14: R)
asL
ASSIGNABLE OUTPUT L
Mono
asR
ASSIGNABLE OUTPUT R
Mono
m1
mLAN OUTPUT 1
Mono
Utility
:
Stereo
:
:
m14
mLAN OUTPUT 14
Mono
drum
See below*
See below*
Appendix
*About “drum” setting, see below.
The “drum” setting can be selected in the Multi Part Edit display of the Parts assigned to the Drum Voice. When “drum” is selected and the Drum Voice is assigned
to the edited Part, the sound will be output via the destination set in the Drum Key Edit window as the “Output Select” parameter.
n The mLAN Inputs (m1 – m14) are available only when an optional mLAN16E2 has been installed.
90
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Multi Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Multi Mode
Multi Edit
Setting Up
This section covers the Multi Edit parameters. Multi Edit consists of the Common Edit parameters for editing the settings
common to all Parts, and Part Edit parameters for editing the individual Parts.
Common Edit
Common Edit lets you edit the parameters common to all Parts of the selected Multi.
Listening to
the Sound
[MULTI] ➝ Select Multi programs ➝ [EDIT] ➝ Select the “Common” in the Multi Edit Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝
Select the desired display in the Multi Common Edit Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝ Edit display
Connections
Procedure
Multi Edit Select display
Multi Common Edit Select display
Edit display
(example: Arpeggio display)
Using a Computer
Multi Play display
Name
(Multi Name)
Quick Guide
1 Name
Determines the name of the current edited Multi. When you move the cursor to “Name,” pressing the
[ENTER] button calls up the Naming dialog, allowing you to enter the desired name. The Multi name
can contain up to 20 characters. For detailed instructions on naming, refer to page 47 in the Quick
Guide.
Arp Common Sw
(Arpeggio Common Switch)
Basic Structure
2 Arpeggio
Determines whether Arpeggio playback is on or off. You can also turn this on or off from the front
panel with the [AUDITION] button when the “Audition Button” (page 99) in the Utility General window
is set to “arpeggio sw.”
Settings: off, on
Arp 1 – 5 Select
(Arpeggio 1 – 5 Select)
Select the desired Arpeggio from Arpeggios 1 – 5. This parameter is same as the “Arp Select” on the
Arp Select display in the Multi Part Edit. The 8th note icon shown in the settings indicates that one of
the Arpeggio Types (other than “off”) is selected for the Arpeggio.
Arp Tempo
(Arpeggio Tempo)
Voice
Settings: Arp 1 – Arp 5
Determines the Arpeggio Tempo. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: 5 – 300
Sync Qntz Val
(Sync Quantize Value)
Determines the actual timing at which the next Arpeggio playback starts when you trigger it while
the Arpeggio of a certain Part is played back. When set to “off,” the next Arpeggio starts as soon as
you trigger it. The number shown at right of each value indicates the length assumes that the
quarter-note resolution is 480.
Multi
synchronize it with that device, set the MIDI Sync parameter in the Utility MIDI window (page 99) to “external” or
“auto.” When MIDI Sync is set to “auto” (only when MIDI clock is transmitted continuously) or “external,” the Tempo
parameter here indicates “external” and cannot be changed.
Reference
n If you are using this instrument with an external sequencer, DAW software, or MIDI device, and you want to
Utility
Settings: off, 260 (32nd note), 6380 (16th note triplet), 6120 (16th note), 83160 (8th note triplet), 8240 (8th note),
43320 (1/4 note triplet), 4480 (1/4 note)
3 mLAN In
These parameters let you make audio input settings for the mLAN terminal.
Volume
Determines the output level of the Audio Input Part.
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines the stereo pan position of the Audio Input Part.
Appendix
Pan
Settings: L63 (far left) – C (center) – R63 (far right)
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
91
Multi Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
Mono / Stereo
Determines the signal configuration for the Audio Input Part, or how the signal or signals are routed
(stereo or mono).
Settings: L mono, R mono, L+R mono, stereo
L mono .................. Only the L channel of the audio input is used.
R mono .................. Only the R channel of the audio input is used.
L+R mono.............. The L and R channels of the audio input are mixed and processed in mono.
stereo .................... Both the L and R channels of the audio input are used.
Setting Up
Output Select
Determines the specific output(s) for the Audio Input Part signal.
Settings: For details, refer to Output Select List (page 90) of the Supplementary information.
Chorus Send
(Key Chorus Send)
Determines the Send level of the Audio Input Part signal sent to the Chorus effect. The higher the
value, the more pronounced the Chorus. This parameter can be set only when “Output Select” is set
to “L&R.”
Settings: 0 – 127
Listening to
the Sound
Reverb Send
(Key Reverb Send)
Determines the Send level of the Audio Input Part signal sent to the Reverb effect. The higher the
value, the more pronounced the Reverb. This parameter can be set only when “Output Select” is set
to “L&R.”
Settings: 0 – 127
Dry Level
Determines the level of the Audio Input Part which has not been processed with the System Effects
(Reverb, Chorus). This parameter can be set only when “Output Select” is set to “L&R.”
Connections
Settings: 0 – 127
4 MEQ (Master EQ)
From this display you can apply five-band equalization to all parts of the
selected Multi.
Gain
Q (frequency bandwidth)
+
Using a Computer
0
Frequency
–
5 bands
Quick Guide
Shape
Low
Lo-Mid
Mid
Hi-Mid
High
Enables you to select one of two equalizer shapes: shelving or peaking. This parameter is available
for Low and High.
Settings: shelv (shelving type), peak (peaking type)
shelv
Basic Structure
This type of EQ shape lets you attenuate/boost the signal at frequencies above or below the specified Frequency setting.
EQ Low
+
EQ High
Gain
Frequency
Gain
+ Frequency
0
Voice
–
0
Frequency
–
Frequency
peak
This type of EQ shape lets you attenuate/boost the signal at the specified Frequency setting.
Multi
Reference
+
0
Gain
Frequency
Frequency
Utility
–
Freq
(Frequency)
Frequencies around this point are attenuated /boosted by the “Gain” setting below.
Settings:
Low
When the Shape is set to “shelv”: 32Hz – 2.0kHz
When the Shape is set to “peak”: 63Hz – 2.0kHz
Appendix
Lo-Mid, Mid, Hi-Mid
100 Hz – 10.0 kHz
High
500 Hz – 16.0 kHz
92
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Multi Mode
Determines the level gain for the Frequency (set above), or the amount the selected frequency band
is attenuated or boosted.
The Controls &
Connectors
Gain
Settings: -12.00 dB – +0.00 dB – +12.00 dB
Q
(Bandwidth)
This varies the signal level at the Frequency setting
to create various frequency curve characteristics.
The higher the setting the smaller the Q (Bandwidth).
The lower the setting, the greater the Q (Bandwidth).
0.1
+
12.0
n When the Shape parameters of the Low and High are
Setting Up
Settings: 0.1 – 12.0
0
set to “shelv,” the “Q” parameters of Low and High are
not available.
Frequency
–
Listening to
the Sound
Frequency
5 Control
Assign 1 Value
Assign 2 Value
Determines the offset value by which the functions assigned to the Assign 1/2 knobs will be shifted
from their original settings. Each parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Connections
n The functions assigned to the Assign 1/2 Knobs can be set in “Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Src” (page 71) of the Control display.
6 Effect
n This display can be called up by pressing and holding the [EFFECT] button on the front panel.
1 23
7
45
Using a Computer
6
Determines the Send level of the signal sent from the Chorus Effect to the Reverb Effect. The higher
the value, the deeper the Reverb that is applied to the Chorus-processed signal.
Quick Guide
1 Chorus To Reverb
8
Settings: 0 – 127
2 Chorus Return
Determines the Return level of the Chorus Effect.
3 Chorus Pan
Basic Structure
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines the pan position of the Chorus effect sound.
Settings: L63 (far left) – C (center) – R63 (far right)
4 Reverb Return
Determines the Return level of the Reverb Effect.
Settings: 0 – 127
5 Reverb Pan
Determines the pan position of the Reverb effect sound.
6 Chorus
7 Reverb
Voice
Settings: L63 (far left) – C (center) – R63 (far right)
When the cursor is located here, pressing the [ENTER] button or the Encoder knob calls up the
Effect Parameter display.
8 Master
This parameter is available only for Master Effect.
Settings: off, on
Category
Type
Multi
Switch
Reference
Effect Parameters
From the Category column, you can select one of the Effect Categories, each of which contains
similar Effect types. From the Type column, you can select one of the Effect Types listed in the
selected Category.
Settings: Details about the Effect categories and the Effect types are described on page 59.
Utility
n The “Category” is not edited in the Reverb and the Master effect parameter display because there is only one
Reverb/Master category.
Preset
This lets you call up pre-programmed settings for each Effect Type, designed to be used for specific
applications and situations.
Effect Parameter 1 – 16
Appendix
n For details about “Preset” settings, refer to the separate Data List booklet.
The effect parameter differs depending on the currently selected effect type. Refer to page 61 for
details about the Effect parameters. Refer to the separate Data List booklet for information on the
parameters for each Effect type.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
93
Multi Mode
Part Edit
The Controls &
Connectors
Part Edit lets you edit the parameters of the individual Parts that make up a Multi.
Procedure
[MULTI] ➝ Select Multi programs ➝ [EDIT] ➝ Select the desired Part “1” – “16” in the Multi Edit Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝
Select the desired display in the Multi Part Edit Select display ➝ [ENTER] ➝ Edit display
Setting Up
Listening to
the Sound
Multi Play display
Multi Edit Select display
Multi Part Edit Select display
Edit display
(example: Voice display)
Connections
1 Voice
Bank
Determines the Voice assigned to the current Part by specifying the Voice Bank and Number.
Number
Using a Computer
Param. with Voice
(Parameter with Voice)
Determines whether or not the following parameter settings of the selected Voice are copied from
the Voice to the current Part when you change a Voice for the current Part individually.
• Arpeggio settings
• Filter Cutoff Frequency
• Filter Resonance
• Amplitude EG
• Filter EG
• Pitch Bend Range (Upper/Lower)
• Note Shift
Quick Guide
n Regardless of the Parameter with Voice setting, the following settings are always copied when a Normal Voice is
selected: Mono/Poly, Porta Sw (Portamento Part Switch), Porta Time (Portamento Time) and Porta Mode
(Portamento Mode).
Settings: off (not copied), on (copied)
Receive Ch
(Receive Channel)
Basic Structure
Determines the MIDI receive channel for the selected Part. Since MIDI data may be coming from
many channels at once, you should set this to match the particular channel over which the desired
controlling data is being sent. The MIDI transmit channel for the real-time changing of the Knobcontrolled data is the same as this parameter setting.
Settings: 01 – 16, off
2 Play Mode
Volume
Determines the volume for each Part. Use this parameter to adjust the balance between the current
Part and other Parts. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: 0 – 127
Voice
Pan
Determines the stereo pan position for the Part. This parameter can be changed directly via the
Knob.
Settings: L63 (far left) – C (center) – R63 (far right)
n Note that this Part Pan parameter may have little or no audible effect if the Pan for a specific Element is set to the
left position and the Pan for another Element is set to the right position.
Reference
Multi
Voice Elm Pan
(Voice Element Pan)
Determines whether the individual pan settings for each Element (of the Voice assigned to the
selected Part) are applied or not. When this is set to “off,” the pan position for the each Element is
set to center in the Part.
Settings: on, off
Note Shift
Adjusts the pitch of the Part in semitones.
Settings: 24 – +0 – +24
Utility
Detune
Adjusts the tuning of the Part in cent increments.
Settings: -12.8Hz – +0Hz – +12.7Hz
PB Range Upper
(Pitch Bend Range Upper)
Appendix
PB Range Lower
(Pitch Bend Range Lower)
94
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Determines the maximum Pitch Bend range in semitones. Setting the Upper parameter to +12 would
result in a maximum pitch rise of one octave when the Pitch Bend wheel is moved upwards. On the
other hand, a Lower setting of -12 would result in the pitch being lowered up to a maximum of one
octave (12 semitones) when the Pitch Bend wheel is moved downwards.
Settings: -48 semi – +0 semi – +24 semi
Multi Mode
Determines the playback method of the Voice for each Part: monophonic (single note only) or
polyphonic (multiple notes).
The Controls &
Connectors
Mono/Poly
Settings: mono, poly
mono ..................... When set to “mono,” the selected Voice is played back monophonically (only a single note is played
back simultaneously). For many instrument sounds (such as bass and synth lead), this allows a more
natural and smooth sounding legato performance than when this parameter is set to “poly.”
poly........................ When set to “poly,” the selected Voice is played back polyphonically (multiple notes can be played
back simultaneously or a chord is played back).
Determines the lowest and highest notes of the keyboard range for each Part. Each Part will only
sound for notes played within its specified range. For example, setting a Note Limit of “C5 – C4” lets
you play the Element from two separate ranges: C -2 to C4 and C5 to G8. Notes played between C4
and C5 do not play the selected Element.
Setting Up
Note Limit Lo/Hi
Settings: C -2 – G8
Determines the minimum and maximum values of the velocity range within which each Part will
respond. Each Part will only sound for notes played within its specified velocity range. If you specify
the maximum value first and the minimum value second, for example “93 to 34,” there will be a
velocity “hole” and the velocity range covered will be “1 to 34” and “93 to 127.”
Listening to
the Sound
Velocity Limit Lo/Hi
Settings: 1 – 127
Porta Sw
(Portamento Switch)
Determines whether Portamento is applied to the current Part or not. This parameter can be
changed directly via the Knob.
Porta Time
(Portamento Time)
Connections
Settings: off, on
Determines the pitch transition time when Portamento is applied. Higher values result in a longer
pitch change time, or a slow speed. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: 0 – 127
Output Select
Determines how Portamento is applied to your keyboard performance.
Using a Computer
Porta Mode
(Portamento Mode)
Settings: fingered, fulltime
fingered ................. Portamento is only applied when you play legato (playing the next note before releasing the previous
one).
fulltime ................... Portamento is applied to all notes.
Determines the specific output(s) for the individual Part signal. You can assign each individual Part
sound to be output from a specific hardware output jack on the rear panel.
Determines the degree to which the
resulting volume of the tone generator
responds to your playing strength. The
higher the value, the more the volume
changes in response to your playing
strength (as shown at the right). When this
is set to 0, the volume remains the same no
matter how strongly or softly you play. This
would be useful, for example, for authentic
playing of an Organ Voice.
When Offset (below) is set to 64:
Depth = 127
Depth = 64
127
Actual resulting velocity
(affecting the tone
generator)
Basic Structure
Vel Sens Depth
(Velocity Sensitivity Depth)
Quick Guide
Settings: For details, refer to Output Select List (page 90) of the Supplementary information.
Depth = 32
Depth = 0
Settings: 0 – 127
0
127
Played velocity
127
64
127
Played velocity
0
64
127
Voice
Multi
127
Actual
resulting
velocity
(affecting
the tone
generator)
Actual
resulting
velocity
(affecting
the tone
generator)
0
When Depth (above)
= 64 and Offset = 96
Played velocity
When Depth (above)
= 64 and Offset = 64
Utility
Settings: 0 – 127
When Depth (above)
= 64 and Offset = 32
127
Actual
resulting
velocity
(affecting
the tone
generator)
0
64
Appendix
Determines the amount by
which played velocities are
adjusted for the actual
resulting velocity effect. This
lets you raise or lower all
velocities by the same
amount—allowing you to
automatically compensate for
playing too strongly or too
softly. If the result is 1 or less,
the value is set to 1. If the result
is higher than 127, the value is
set to 127.
Reference
Vel Sens Offset
(Velocity Sensitivity Offset)
127
Played velocity
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
95
Multi Mode
The Controls &
Connectors
3 Arp Select (Arpeggio Select)
Determines whether the item being edited will commonly affect all five Arpeggios assigned to each Voice (“Arp Edit”), or affect only the
selected Arpeggio (“Arp 1 – 5 Type”). The parameters other than the parameters listed below are same as the corresponding parameters in
the Arp Select display (page 66) in Voice Common Edit.
n The Arpeggio tempo can be set in the Arpeggio display (page 91) of Multi Common Edit.
Arp Edit (Arpeggio Edit)
Setting Up
Arp MIDI Out Sw
(Arpeggio MIDI Output Switch)
Determines whether Arpeggio playback data is output to the external devices as MIDI messages.
When this is set to on, the data is output.
Settings: off (not output), on (output)
Arp Transmit Ch
(Arpeggio Transmit Channel)
Determines the MIDI transmit channel for Arpeggio playback data. When this is set to “rcv ch
(receive channel),” Arpeggio playback data is output via the same MIDI channel (transmit) set in the
Receive Ch parameter (page 94) in the Voice display of Multi Part Edit.
Listening to
the Sound
Settings: 1 – 16, rcv ch (receive channel)
Voice with Arp
(Voice with Arpeggio)
Each Arpeggio type is assigned a specific Voice best suited to the type. This parameter determines
whether or not the appropriate Voice registered to each Arpeggio type is assigned to the edited
Part. When set to “on,” the appropriate Voice is assigned to the edited Part in place of the currently
assigned Voice. When set to “off,” the appropriate Voice is not assigned to the edited Part. The
currently assigned Voice is maintained.
Connections
Settings: off (not copied), on (copied)
Arp 1 – 5 Type (Arpeggio 1 – 5 Type)
When the Voice with Arp parameter set to “on” in the Arp Edit display of Multi Part Edit, changing the Main Category, Sub Category, and Type
parameters in this display result in displaying the resultant Bank, Number, Name of the Part Voice as popup window.
Using a Computer
4 Filter
The settings made here will be applied as offsets to the Filter settings of each Element set for each Part Voice.
Cutoff
Determines the common offset value of filter Cutoff Frequencies for all Elements set to each Part
Voice. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
Resonance
Quick Guide
This parameter’s function varies according to the selected Filter Type. If the selected filter is an LPF,
HPF, BPF (excluding the BPFw), or BEF, this parameter is used to set the Resonance. If the selected
filter is a BPFw, this parameter is used to adjust the frequency bandwidth. Resonance is used to set
the amount of Resonance (harmonic emphasis) applied to the signal at the cutoff frequency. This
can be used in combination with the cutoff frequency parameter to add further character to the
sound. The Width parameter is used to adjust the width of the band of signal frequencies passed by
the filter with the BPFw. The settings made here will be applied as offsets to the same parameters in
the Filter display (page 68) of Voice Common Edit. This parameter can be changed directly via the
Knob.
Basic Structure
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
5 EG
FEG Attack
FEG Decay
FEG Release
Voice
FEG Depth
AEG Attack
Determines the basic EG settings, both volume and filter, for the selected Part. The parameter
values offset the same parameters of the assigned Element set in Voice Element Edit. For details
about AEG/FEG, refer to the EG display (page 68) in Voice Common Edit. However in the case of the
Drum Voices, only AEG Attack and AEG Decay are available. Each of the AEG parameters and FEG
Depth can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: -64 – +0 – +63
AEG Decay
AEG Sustain
AEG Release
Reference
Multi
6 Part EQ
You can apply 3-band parametric EQ to each Part to adjust the sound. The parameter values here offset the same parameters of the
assigned Element set in Voice Element Edit. The EQ shapes for Low and High are fixed as shelving types.
Freq
Determines the center frequency. Frequencies around this point are attenuated/boosted by the Gain
setting below. Higher values produce higher frequencies. The Mid Freq parameter can be changed
directly via the Knob.
Utility
Settings:
Low........................ 50.1Hz – 2.00kHz
Mid ........................ 139.7Hz – 10.1kHz
High....................... 503.8Hz – 14.0kHz
Gain
Determines the level gain for the Frequency (set above), or the amount the selected frequency band
is attenuated or boosted. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Appendix
Settings: -12.00 dB – +0.00 dB – +12.00 dB
96
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Mid Q (Middle Q)
This varies the signal level at the “Freq” (Frequency)
setting to create various frequency curve
characteristics. The higher the setting the smaller the
Q (Bandwidth). The lower the setting, the greater the
Q (Bandwidth). This parameter can be changed
directly via the Knob.
The Controls &
Connectors
Multi Mode
0.7
+
10.3
0
Frequency
Settings: 0.7 – 10.3
Setting Up
–
“Freq”
Listening to
the Sound
7 Rcv Sw (Receive Switch)
From this display you can set how each individual Part responds to various MIDI data, such as Control Change messages. When the
relevant parameter is set to “on,” the corresponding Part responds to the appropriate MIDI data. Each of the Controller names in this display
indicates the MIDI data generated by using the corresponding Controller.
n For Parts to which the Drum Voice is assigned, Sustain is not available.
n When the Bank Select Sw/Prg Change Sw is set to “off” in the Utility MIDI window, Bank Select/Program Change here is not available.
n If “Control Change” here is set to “off,” Control Change related parameters are not available.
Settings: off, on
Determines the Send level of the selected Part signal sent to the Chorus effect. The higher the value,
the more pronounced the Chorus. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Settings: 0 – 127
Determines the Send level of the selected Part signal sent to the Reverb effect. The higher the value,
the more pronounced the Reverb. This parameter can be changed directly via the Knob.
Using a Computer
Reverb Send
Settings: 0 – 127
Dry Level
Determines the level of the selected Part which has not been processed with the System Effects
(Reverb, Chorus).
Settings: 0 – 127
Quick Guide
Determines the Parts available for the Insertion Effect. When this switch is set to on, the Insertion
Effect of the Voice assigned to the Part is enabled. Make sure that this parameter is set to on for any
Parts/Voices to which you need to apply Insertion Effects. The MOTIF-RACK XS features eight
Insertion effect systems, letting you set this parameter to on for up to eight Parts. If eight Parts are
already turned on, the parameter cannot be turned on for additional Parts.
Voice
Basic Structure
Settings: off, on
Appendix
Utility
Reference
Ins Effect Sw
(Insertion Effect Switch)
Multi
Chorus Send
Connections
8 Fx Send (Effect Send)
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
97
Utility
The Controls &
Connectors
Utility
In the Utility parameters, you can set parameters that apply to the entire system of the MOTIF-RACK XS. Pressing the [UTILITY]
button in the Voice or Multi mode calls up the relevant Utility parameters of the current mode. Pressing the [EXIT] button returns
to the original display.
Setting Up
Procedure
[UTILITY] ➝ Select the desired window in the Utility Select window ➝ [ENTER] ➝ Edit window
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
Utility Select window
(when entering from the Voice mode)
Edit window
(example: General window)
Using a Computer
1 General
Volume
Determines the overall volume of the instrument.
Settings: 0 – 127
Note Shift
Determines the amount (in semitones) by which the pitch of all notes is shifted.
Settings: -24semi – +0semi – +24semi
Quick Guide
Tune
Determines the tuning of the MOTIF-RACK XS’s overall sound. You can adjust the tuning in cent
increments.
Settings: -102.4cents [414.7Hz] – +0cents [440.0Hz] – +102.3cents [466.8Hz]
Basic Structure
mLAN monitor
(mLAN monitor switch)
Determines the audio signal flow for monitoring the sound when using the MOTIF-RACK XS with
DAW software installed on a computer connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS via an IEEE1394 cable.
n You will need to properly set up the DAW software in addition to making the settings here. For details, see the
Voice
“Connecting to a Computer and MIDI device” on page 17.
Settings: stand alone, with PC, with PC (Mntr)
stand alone............ When this is selected, the audio signal of the MOTIF-RACK XS will be output directly via the OUTPUT L/
MONO and R jacks normally. This should be selected when you are using the MOTIF-RACK XS alone or
are not using the DAW software even with a computer connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS via an
IEEE1394 cable.
with PC .................. When this is selected, the audio signal of the MOTIF-RACK XS will be output to the DAW software on a
computer via an IEEE1394 cable, merged and mixed with the DAW sound, returned back to the MOTIFRACK XS, then output via the OUTPUT L/MONO and R jacks. This should be selected when you are
using the MOTIF-RACK XS as an audio device with the DAW software. Selecting this allows you to apply
VST Effects within the DAW software to the MOTIF-RACK XS sound.
with PC (Mntr)........ The audio signal of the MOTIF-RACK XS will be output directly via the OUTPUT L/MONO and R jacks
with the audio signal sent from the DAW software via an IEEE1394 cable. This should be selected when
recording the MOTIF-RACK XS sound to the DAW software on the computer. Keep in mind that the Rec
Monitor of the DAW software should be set to “off” in order to prevent “double” sound from occurring.
n When “with PC” is selected, there may be a short delay between when you play an external keyboard and when
Multi
Reference
you hear the resulting sound.
Power on Mode
This determines the default power-on mode (and memory bank)—letting you select which condition
is automatically called up when you turn the power on.
Utility
Settings: multi, voice (USR1), voice (PRE1), voice (GM)
multi....................... When turning the power on next time, the Multi mode is entered and the first program number (USR:
001) is selected automatically.
voice (USR1) ......... When turning the power on next time, the Voice mode is entered and the first program number of the
User Voices (USR: 001) is selected automatically.
voice (PRE1).......... When turning the power on next time, the Voice mode is entered and the first program number of the
Preset Voices (PRE1: 001) is selected automatically.
voice (GM)............. When turning the power on next time, the Voice mode is entered and the first program number of the
GM Voices (GM: 001) is selected automatically.
Layer 1-4 Parts
(Layer 1 – 4 Parts Switch)
Appendix
Determines whether or not the Part 1 – 4 voices of the selected Multi are sounded simultaneously as
a single Part. If this parameter is set to “on,” the receive channels of the Parts 1 – 4 will automatically
be set to the same value as the Receive Ch (Basic Receive Channel) parameter in the Utility Voice
MIDI display of the Voice Mode. For details on the procedure, refer to the Quick Guide on page 40.
Settings: off, on
n If this parameter is set to “on,” the actual “Receive Ch” settings of the Part 1 – 4 will not be updated from the last
settings.
98
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
When an optional mLAN16E2 has been installed, this selects the driver for operating the mLAN16E2.
On the AI Driver, set this parameter to “mLAN.” For details about this parameter setting, refer to the
information about the IEEE1394 Firmware contained in the MOTIF-RACK XS page at the following
web site:
http://www.yamahasynth.com/download/
To enable the changed setting, you will need to restart the MOTIF-RACK XS after storing the Utility
settings.
Knob Disp Time
(Knob Display Time)
Determines whether turning one of the Knobs 1 – 5 will cause the Knob popup window (page 29) to
appear.
Setting Up
IEEE1394 Driver
The Controls &
Connectors
Utility
Knob Sel Disp Sw
(Knob Select Display Switch)
Listening to
the Sound
Settings: off, 1 sec, 1.5 sec, 2 sec, 3 sec, 4 sec, 5 sec, keep
off .......................... The popup window appears only when the Knob is pressed.
1 sec – 5 sec ......... Pressing or turning the Knob will cause the popup window to appear for 1 – 5 seconds, and then the
window will automatically be closed.
keep ...................... Pressing or turning the Knob will cause the popup window to appear. When the popup window is open,
calling up a different display/dialog/popup window or pressing the Knob/ [ENTER] button/ [EXIT] button
will cause it to close.
Determines whether pressing the [SELECT] button will cause the Knob Select popup window (page
29) to appear.
Unlike with the Knob popup window (page 29), it is not possible to set the time to display the
window.
Changes the function of the [AUDITION] button. When this parameter is set to “audition sw,”
pressing the [AUDITION] button turns Audition playback on or off. When this parameter is set to
“arpeggio sw,” pressing the [AUDITION] button turns Arpeggio playback on or off. When set to
“arpeggio sw,” the [AUDITION] button functions in the same manner as the “Arp Sw” of the Arp
Select display (page 66) in Voice Common Edit or the Arpeggio display (page 91) in Multi Common
Edit.
Using a Computer
Audition Button
(Audition Button Function)
Connections
Settings: off, on
Settings: audition sw, arpeggio sw
Bank/Part Wrap
(Bank/Part Wrap Around)
When using the cursor [<]/[>] buttons to change the Bank/Part of the Voice/Multi mode, this
determines whether pressing the cursor [>] button alternately moves continuously and changes
from the last Bank/Part to the first Bank/Part and vice versa (first to last). When this parameter is set
to “on,” continuous change is available.
Settings: off, on
Sets the LCD for optimum legibility.
Quick Guide
LCD Contrast
Settings: 1 – 16
n To do this, simultaneously hold down the [UTILITY] button and turn the Encoder knob.
L&R Gain
Determines the output gain of the OUTPUT L/MONO and R jacks.
Assign L&R Gain
Basic Structure
Settings: +0dB, +6dB
Determines the output gain of the ASSIGNABLE OUT L and R jacks.
Settings: +0dB, +6dB
mLAN Gain
Determines the output gain of the mLAN terminal.
Settings: +0dB, +6dB
2 MIDI
Determines which physical output/input terminal(s) will be used for transmitting/receiving MIDI data.
Voice
MIDI In/Out
Settings: MIDI, USB, mLAN (when the optional mLAN16E2 has been installed to the MOTIF-RACK XS)
n When a USB cable is not connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS, the MIDI terminal will be automatically used for
transmitting/receiving MIDI data, even if this parameter is set to “USB.”
Settings: internal, external, auto
internal................... Synchronization to internal clock. You can use this setting when this tone generator is to be used alone
or as the master clock source for other equipment.
external.................. Synchronization to a MIDI clock received from an external MIDI instrument via MIDI. You can use this
setting when the external device is to be used as master.
auto ....................... When MIDI clock is transmitted continuously from an external MIDI device or computer, the internal
clock of the MOTIF-RACK XS is not effective and the MOTIF-RACK XS is synchronized with the external
clock. This setting is useful when you wish to alternate between external clock and internal clock.
Utility
n When setting the MOTIF-RACK XS so that Arpeggio playback is synchronized to an external MIDI clock, make
sure to set the devices so that the MIDI clock from the DAW software/ external MIDI device is properly transmitted
to the MOTIF-RACK XS from the DAW software/ external MIDI devices. For details on this setting, refer to page 21.
Determines whether MIDI clock (F8H) messages will be transmitted via MIDI.
Settings: off, on
n When “MIDI Sync” is set to “external,” MIDI clock of the MOTIF-RACK XS is not transmitted.
Appendix
Clock Out
Multi
Determines whether Arpeggio playback will be synchronized to the instrument’s internal clock or an
external MIDI clock.
Reference
MIDI Sync
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
99
Utility
The Controls &
Connectors
Local Control
This determines whether or not the tone generator of the instrument responds to turning Knobs 1 – 5.
If you set “Local Control” to “off,” the Knobs are internally disconnected from the tone generator.
Even if this is set to “off,” the data will be transmitted via MIDI. Also, the internal tone generator will
respond to messages received via MIDI.
Settings: off (disconnect), on (connect)
Device No.
(Device Number)
Setting Up
Determines the MIDI Device Number. This number must match the Device Number of the DAW
software or the external MIDI device when transmitting/receiving Bulk Dump data, parameter
changes or other System Exclusive messages.
Settings: 1 – 16, all, off
all........................... When this is selected, System Exclusive messages for all MIDI device numbers are received. When
System Exclusive messages such as Bulk Dump are transmitted from the MOTIF-RACK XS with this
setting, the MOTIF-RACK XS is recognized as Device Number 1.
off .......................... When this is selected, System Exclusive messages such as Bulk Dump and parameter change cannot
be transmitted or received. When you try executing transmission or reception of System Exclusive
messages, an error message appears.
Listening to
the Sound
Bank Select Sw
(Bank Select Switch)
Determines whether or not Bank Select messages are transmitted or received. When this is set to
“on,” this tone generator responds to incoming Bank Select messages, and it also transmits
appropriate Bank Select messages (when using the panel). When this is set to “off,” Bank Select
messages cannot be transmitted/received.
Settings: off, on
Connections
Prg Change Sw
(Program Change Switch)
Determines whether or not Program Change messages are transmitted or received. When this is set
to “on,” this tone generator responds to incoming Program Change messages, and it also transmits
appropriate Program Change messages (when using the panel). When this is set to “off,” Program
Change messages cannot be transmitted/ received.
Settings: off, on
Receive Bulk
Using a Computer
Determines whether or not Bulk Dump data from the DAW software or the external MIDI devices can
be received.
Settings: protect (not received), on (received)
Controller Reset
Determines the status of the controllers (Modulation Wheel, Aftertouch, Foot Controller, Breath
Controller, Knobs, etc.) when switching between voices. When this is set to “hold,” the controllers are
kept at the current setting. When this is set to “reset,” the controllers are reset to the default states
(below).
Settings: hold, reset
Quick Guide
If you select “reset,” the controllers will be reset to the following states/positions:
Pitch Bend: Center; Modulation Wheel: Minimum; Aftertouch: Minimum; Foot Controller: Maximum; Foot switch: Off; Ribbon
Controller: Center; Breath Controller: Maximum; Assignable Function: Off; Expression: Maximum; Sustain: Off
Bulk Interval
Basic Structure
Determines the interval time of the Bulk Dump transmission when the Bulk Dump function is used or
the Bulk Dump Request is received. The Bulk Dump function lets you save the current Voice/Multi
data in the Edit buffer (DRAM) and transmit as Bulk data (System Exclusive message) to the DAW
software on a computer or an external MIDI instrument.
Settings: 0, 10ms, 20ms, 30ms
MIDI Soft Thru
(MIDI Soft Thru Switch)
Determines whether received MIDI data is re-transmitted (as well as via which output) when the
“MIDI In/Out” is set to “MIDI.” If you have not connected a USB cable to the MOTIF-RACK XS, even
if “MIDI In/Out” is set to “USB,” this setting will be available since the MIDI terminal will be
automatically used for transmitting/receiving MIDI data.
Settings: off, on
n If you want to re-transmit received MIDI Clock messages (F8) via the MIDI OUT (Soft Thru) jack, set this parameter
Voice
to “on,” and also set the Clock Out parameter (above) to “off” so that transmission of MIDI Clock messages of the
MOTIF-RACK XS is disabled.
Quick Setup
Reference
Multi
QS 1 – 3 Local Control
(Quick Setup 1 – 3 Local Control)
QS 1 – 3 MIDI Sync
(Quick Setup 1 – 3 MIDI Sync)
Utility
QS 1 – 3 Clock Out
(Quick Setup 1 – 3 Clock Out)
QS 1 – 3 Arp MIDI Out Sw
(Quick Setup 1 – 3 Arpeggio MIDI
Out Switch)
Appendix
100
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
When the cursor is located here, pressing the [ENTER] button or the Encoder knob calls up the
Quick Setup dialog (page 101). MOTIF-RACK XS has three combinations of the following parameter
settings as appropriate for basic operations: Local Control, MIDI Sync, Clock Out, Arp MIDI Out Sw.
These combinations can be selected and executed at the Quick Setup dialog, letting you instantly
change all settings depending on your particular application or intended use. The three
combinations can be changed by setting the following parameters in this Utility MIDI window.
Changes each parameter settings of the Quick Setup 1 – 3.
Settings:
Local Control ........ off, on
MIDI Sync.............. .internal, external, auto
Clock Out ............. .off, on
Arp MIDI Out Sw ... all off, all on
Utility
The Controls &
Connectors
Quick Setup dialog
1
Listening to
the Sound
Setting Up
This dialog allows you to execute the Quick Setup by selecting the Quick Setup Number and pressing the [ENTER] button.
Quick Setup Number
This parameter lets you select three types of settings registered to Quick Setup.
Three types of the Initial Settings are shown below.
Settings: 1 – 3
2
3
2
Other Settings
When recording performance data other than
Arpeggio data to a DAW software on a
computer.
Local control: off
MIDI: auto
Clock Out: off
Arp MIDI Out Sw: all off
Make sure that Echo Back (MIDI Thru) on the
DAW software is set to “on.”
When recording performance data including
Arpeggio data to a DAW software on a
computer.
Local control: on
MIDI: auto
Clock Out: off
Arp MIDI Out Sw: all on
Make sure that Echo Back (MIDI Thru) on the
DAW software is set to “off.”
When using the MOTIF-RACK XS as a standalone device, without connecting to a DAW
software or other MIDI devices.
Local control: on
MIDI: internal
Clock Out: on
Arp MIDI Out Sw: all off
—
Connections
Parameters
Quick Guide
1
Application
Using a Computer
Quick
Setup
Number
Quick Setup parameters (indication only)
Current settings for each parameter (indication only)
4
New settings after executing Quick Setup for each parameter (indication only)
Determines the Control Change number corresponding to a Ribbon Controller on an external device
connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Settings: off, 1 – 95
FC 2 Ctrl No.
(Foot Controller 2 Control Number)
FS Ctrl No.
(Foot Switch Control Number)
Determines the Control Change number corresponding to a Foot Controller on an external device
connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Settings: off, 1 – 95
Determines the Control Change number corresponding to a Foot Switch on an external device
connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Utility
FC 1 Ctrl No.
(Foot Controller 1 Control Number)
Reference
RB Ctrl No.
(Ribbon Control Number)
Voice
3 Controller
Determines Controller Assign settings common to the entire system of the MOTIF-RACK XS. You can assign MIDI Control Change Numbers
to the knobs on the front panel and the external controllers. For example, you could use the ASSIGN 1 and 2 knobs to control effect depth for
two different effects, while using the Foot Controller to control modulation. These Control Change Number assignments are known as
“Controller Assign.”
Multi
3
Basic Structure
Displays the parameters for Quick Setup.
Settings: off, 1 – 95
AS 2 Ctrl No.
(Assign 2 Control Number)
Determines the Control Change number corresponding to the ASSIGN1 knob and ASSIGN2 knob
(when the lamp of bottom row is lit).
Appendix
AS 1 Ctrl No.
(Assign 1 Control Number)
Settings: off, 1- 95
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
101
Utility
The Controls &
Connectors
A. Func 1 Ctrl No.
(Assign Function 1 Control Number)
A. Func 2 Ctrl No.
(Assign Function 2 Control Number)
BC Ctrl No.
(Breath Controller Control Number)
Determines the Control Change number generated when you use an ASSIGNABLE FUNCTION [1]/
[2] button on the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor or an external device connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Settings: off, 1 – 95
Determines the Control Change number generated when you use a Breath Controller on an external
device connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Setting Up
Settings: off, 1 – 95
Determines the Control Number that controls on/off for Arpeggio playback.
Arp Sw Ctrl No.
(Arpeggio Switch Control Number)
Settings: off, 1 – 95
Arp Hold Ctrl No.
(Arpeggio Hold Control Number)
Determines the Control Number that controls on/off for the Arp Hold parameter in the Arp Edit
display (page 66).
Listening to
the Sound
Settings: off, 1 – 95
Arp 1 – 5 Ctrl No.
(Arpeggio 1 – 5 Control Number)
Arp Assign Mode
(Arpeggio Assign Mode)
Determines the Control Number for switching among Arpeggios 1 – 5, stored to each Voice/Multi.
Settings: off, 1 – 95
Determines the mode for switching among Arpeggios 1 – 5, stored to each Voice/ Multi.
Connections
Settings: inc, direct
inc.......................... Each time the MOTIF-RACK XS receives a message via the selected Control Change number,
Arpeggios 1 – 5 can be switched. The actual Control Change data value does not matter.
direct ..................... You can select the Arpeggio corresponding to the value of the selected Control Change number: 0 – 25
(Arpeggio 1), 26 – 50 (Arpeggio 2), 51 – 76 (Arpeggio 3), 77 – 101 (Arpeggio 4), 102 – 127 (Arpeggio 5)
Using a Computer
3 Micro Tune (User Micro Tuning)
From this window, you can create your original Micro Tuning in the User Bank. Tuning one octave will affect the notes of all octaves from
C -2 to G8.
Number
(Micro Tuning Number)
Name
(Micro Tuning Name)
Quick Guide
C–B
(C Tuning Offset – B Tuning Offset)
Determines 1-4Parts” to which the created Micro Tuning setting is stored.
Settings: 1 – 8
Enters the desired name for the Micro Tuning. When the cursor is located here, pressing the
[ENTER] button or the Encoder knob calls up the Naming dialog, where you can enter the desired
name. The Micro Tuning name can contain up to 20 characters. For detailed instructions on entering
characters, refer to “Voice/ Multi Name settings (Entering Characters)” in the Quick Guide (page 47).
Lets you tune the individual notes in cents to create your original Micro Tuning.
Settings: -99 cents – +0 cents – +99 cents
Basic Structure
5 Voice MIDI
Determines the MIDI-related parameters. This window is available only when entering Utility from the Voice mode.
Receive Ch
(Basic Receive Channel)
Determines the MIDI receive channel when the MOTIF-RACK XS is set to Voice mode.
Settings: 1 – 16, omni, off
omni....................... When this is selected, all channel messages are received.
n In the Multi mode, each Part receives MIDI data according to its assigned MIDI receive channel. The receive
channel for each Part can be set in the Voice display of the Receive Ch parameter (page 94). However, when the
“Layer 1 – 4 Parts” parameter of the Utility General display (page 98) is set to “on,” the receive channels of Parts 1
– 4 in the Multi mode are automatically set to the same value as this Receive Ch (Basic Receive Channel)
parameter.
Voice
Transmit Ch
(Basic Transmit Channel)
Determines the MIDI channel over which the MOTIF-RACK XS sends MIDI data generated by
operating Knobs 1 – 5 (to an external sequencer, tone generator, or other device). This parameter is
available in the Voice mode.
Settings: 1 – 16, off
Reference
Multi
Arp MIDI Out Sw
(Arpeggio MIDI Output Switch)
Determines whether Arpeggio playback data in the Voice mode is output to the external devices as
MIDI messages. When this is set to on, the data is output.
Settings: off, on
Arp Transmit Ch
(Arpeggio Transmit Channel)
Determines the MIDI transmit channel through which Arpeggio playback data will be sent to the
external devices as MIDI messages. (When the Switch parameter above is set to on.)
Settings: 1 – 16
Utility
Appendix
102
6 Voice mLAN
Determines various parameters of the Audio Input signal sent from the mLAN terminal in the Voice mode, such as Output jacks, Volume,
Pan, and Effect depth. Keep in mind this applies only when an optional mLAN16E2 has been installed. This window is available only when
entering Utility from the Voice mode. The parameters are the same as those in the mLAN In display in Multi Common Edit (page 91).
7 Voice MEF
Determines Master Effect parameters in the Voice mode. The settings here affect all Voices. This window is available only when entering
Utility from the Voice mode.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Utility
The Controls &
Connectors
Determines whether the Master Effect is applied to the Voice or not. When this is set to “on,” the
Master Effect will be applied.
Type
Selects an Effect type. For details about the Effect type, refer to the “Basic Structure” on page 59.
Preset
This lets you call up pre-programmed settings for each Effect type, designed to be used for specific
applications and situations. You can change how the sound is affected by the selected preprogrammed settings. For details about the pre-programmed settings of each Effect type, refer to
the separate Data List.
Effect Parameters
The Effect parameter differs depending on the currently selected Effect type. Refer to page 61 for
details about the Effect parameters. Refer to the separate Data List booklet for information on the
parameters for each Effect type.
Setting Up
Settings: off, on
Listening to
the Sound
8 Voice MEQ
This window lets you set Master EQ parameters in the Voice mode, allowing you to control EQ over five independent frequency bands. The
settings here affect all Voices. This window is available only when entering Utility from the Voice mode. The parameters are the same as
those in the MEQ display in Multi Common Edit (page 92).
Connections
9 Fctry Set (Factory Set)
You can restore this tone generator’s User memory (page 46) to the factory default settings (Factory Set). Please note that the setting of the
Power On Auto Factory Set on this window will be stored automatically by executing Factory Set. For instructions on executing Factory Set,
refer to the “Restoring the Initial Factory Settings” in the Quick Guide (page 48).
CAUTION
When this parameter is set to “on,” turning the power on will restore the User memory to the factory
default settings. If you change this setting, make sure to execute the Factory Set function to finalize
the change.
Settings: off, on
CAUTION
Voice
Basic Structure
Quick Guide
When setting Auto Factory Set to “on” and executing Factory Set, the Factory Set function will
automatically be executed each time you turn the power on. For this reason, this normally
should be set to “off.”
Appendix
Utility
Reference
Auto Factory Set
(Power On Auto Factory Set)
Using a Computer
When you restore the factory default settings, the User memory data (all the User Voices, Multis, and system settings in the Utility
you created) will be overwritten with the factory defaults. Make sure you are not overwriting any important data. You should back up
any important data to your computer beforehand using the Bulk Dump function (page 47).
Multi
Switch
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
103
The Controls &
Connectors
Appendix
Display Messages
Setting Up
Messages
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
Using a Computer
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
All data is initialized upon power-on.
Continue?
Confirms whether you want to execute a specified operation or not. If you press “YES,” turning the power on
next time will reset all User data to the default initial settings (factory settings).
Are you sure?
Confirms whether you want to execute a specified operation or not.
Bulk data protected.
Bulk data cannot be received because of the setting in the Utility parameters. For details, see page 100.
Completed.
The specified load, save, format, or other Job has been completed.
Device number is off.
Bulk data cannot be transmitted/received since the device number is off.
Device number mismatch.
Bulk data cannot be received since the device numbers don’t match.
Executing...
Never attempt to turn off the power while data is being written to internal memory. Turning the power off in
this state results in loss of all user data and may cause the system to freeze.
Illegal bulk data.
An error occurred while receiving the Bulk data or Bulk Request message.
MIDI buffer full.
process the MIDI data because too much data was received at one time.
MIDI checksum error.
An error occurred when receiving bulk data.
MIDI data error.
An error occurred when receiving MIDI data. Try again.
Mixing Voice full.
The Mixing Voice cannot be stored because the number of Voices already stored has exceeded the
maximum capacity.
Now executing Factory set...
Indicates that the factory-programmed settings are currently being restored.
Now receiving MIDI bulk data...
Indicates that this instrument is receiving MIDI bulk data.
Now transmitting MIDI bulk data...
Indicates that this instrument is transmitting MIDI bulk data.
Please keep power on.
The data is being written to Flash ROM. Never attempt to turn off the power while data is being written to
Flash ROM. Turning the power off while this message is shown results in loss of all user data and may cause
the system to freeze (due to corruption of data in the Flash ROM). This may also result in the MOTIF-RACK
XS being unable to properly start up the next time the power is turned on.
The received MIDI bulk data’s type is
not compatible with the current mode/
voice type.
This message appears when the MOTIF-RACK XS receives the bulk data for a mode different from the
current mode. Set the MOTIF-RACK XS to the mode same as the one for the bulk data. (If the Bulk data is for
the Voice mode, for example, set the MOTIF-RACK XS to the Voice mode.)
This message appears also when the Voice type (Normal Voice or Drum Voice) of the bulk data is different
from that of the currently selected Voice. Match the Voice type.
The setting is available upon next
power-on after storing Utility.
This message appears when the value of the IEEE1394 Driver parameter has been changed and stored,
indicating that the setting will be active when the power is turned on next time.
Voice
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
104
Description
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
About MIDI
The Controls &
Connectors
About MIDI
Setting Up
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a standard which allows electronic musical instruments to communicate with each other,
by sending and receiving compatible Note, Control Change, Program Change and various other types of MIDI data, or messages. This
instrument can control other MIDI devices by transmitting note related data and various types of controller data. It can also be
controlled by incoming MIDI messages which automatically determine the tone generator mode, select MIDI channels, voices and
effects, change parameter values, and of course play the voices specified for the various Parts.
Many MIDI messages are expressed in hexadecimal or binary numbers. Hexadecimal numbers may include the letter “H” as a suffix.
The letter “n” indicates a certain whole number.
MIDI messages can be divided into two groups: Channel
messages and System messages. Below is an explanation of
the various types of MIDI messages which this tone generator
can recognize/transmit. The messages transmitted/recognized
by this instrument are shown in the MIDI Data Format and MIDI
Implementation Chart of the separate Data List.
Connections
MIDI performance data is assigned to one of sixteen MIDI
channels. Using these channels, 1 – 16, the performance data
for sixteen different instrument parts can be simultaneously sent
over one MIDI cable. Think of the MIDI channels as TV channels.
Each TV station transmits its broadcasts over a specific channel.
Your home TV set receives many different programs
simultaneously from several TV stations and you select the
appropriate channel to watch the desired program.
Listening to
the Sound
MIDI Messages Transmitted/
Recognized
Using a Computer
MIDI channels
Channel Messages
Weather
Report
News
2
1
Channel messages contain data related to the performance on
the keyboard for the specific channel.
2
■ Control Change
Voice
Control Change messages let you select a Voice bank, control
volume, panning, modulation, portamento time, brightness and
various other controller parameters, through specific Control
Change numbers which correspond to each of the various
parameters.
MIDI
cable
MIDI data is assigned to one of sixteen channels. However, we
can overcome the sixteen-channel limit by using separate MIDI
“ports,” each supporting sixteen channels. For details, see page
18.
Modulation Wheel (Control #1)
Messages which control vibrato depth using the Modulation
Wheel. Setting the value to 127 produces maximum vibrato and
0 results in vibrato off.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Appendix
MIDI channels and MIDI ports
Messages which select variation Voice bank numbers by
combining and sending the MSB and LSB from an external
device. The functions of MSB and LSB messages differ
depending on the tone generator mode. MSB numbers select
Voice type (Normal Voice or Drum Voice), and LSB numbers
select Voice banks. (For more information about Banks and
Programs, see Voice List in the separate Data List.) A new bank
selection will not become effective until the next Program
Change message is received.
Utility
Bank Select MSB (Control #0)
Bank Select LSB (Control #32)
Multi
MIDI Receive channel 2
Reference
MIDI Transmit channel 2
Messages which are generated when the keyboard is played.
Reception note range = C-2 (0) – G8 (127), C3 = 60 Velocity
range = 1 – 127 (Only the Note On velocity is received)
Note On: Generated when a key is pressed.
Note Off: Generated when a key is released.
Each message includes a specific note number which
corresponds to the key which is pressed, plus a velocity value
based on how hard the key is struck.
Basic Structure
MIDI operates on the same basic principle.
The transmitting instrument sends MIDI data on a specific MIDI
channel (MIDI Transmit Channel) via a single MIDI cable to the
receiving instrument. If the receiving instrument’s MIDI channel
(MIDI Receive Channel) matches the Transmit Channel, the
receiving instrument will sound according to the data sent by the
transmitting instrument. For information on how to set the MIDI
transmit channel and the MIDI receive channel, see page 21.
Quick Guide
■ Note On/Note Off (Key On/Key Off)
105
About MIDI
The Controls &
Connectors
Portamento Time (Control #5)
Brightness (Control #74)
Messages which control the duration of portamento, or a
continuous pitch glide between successively played notes.
When the parameter Portamento Switch (Control #065) is set to
on, the value set here can adjust the speed of pitch change.
Setting the value to 127 produces maximum portamento time
and 0 results in minimum portamento time.
Messages which adjust the filter cutoff frequency set for each
Part. The value set here is an offset value which will be added to
or subtracted from the Voice data. Lower values result in a softer
sound. Depending on the Voice, the effective range may be
narrower than the range available for adjustment.
Decay Time (Control #75)
Setting Up
Data Entry MSB (Control #6)
Data Entry LSB (Control #38)
Messages which set the value for the parameter specified by
RPN MSB/LSB. Parameter value is determined by combining the
MSB and LSB.
Messages which adjust the AEG decay time set for each Part.
The value set here is an offset value which will be added to or
subtracted from the Voice data.
Effect1 Depth (Reverb Send Level) (Control #91)
Listening to
the Sound
Messages which adjust the send level for the Reverb effect.
Main Volume (Control #7)
Messages which control the volume of each Part. Setting the
value to 127 produces maximum volume and 0 results in volume
off.
Connections
Pan (Control #10)
Messages which control the stereo panning position of each
Part (for stereo output). Setting the value to 127 positions the
sound to the far right and 0 positions the sound to the far left.
Using a Computer
Expression (Control #11)
Messages which control intonation expression of each Part
during performance. Setting the value to 127 produces
maximum volume and 0 results in volume off.
Hold1 (Control #64)
Quick Guide
Messages which control sustain on/off. Setting the value
between 64 – 127 turns the sustain on, between 0 – 63 turns the
sustain off.
Portamento Switch (Control #65)
Basic Structure
Messages which control portamento on/off. Setting the value
between 64 -127 turns the portamento on, between 0 – 63 turns
the portamento off.
Sostenuto (Control #66)
Voice
Messages which control sostenuto on/off. Holding specific notes
and then pressing and holding the sostenuto pedal will sustain
those notes as you play subsequent notes, until the pedal is
released. Setting the value between 64 -127 turns the sostenuto
on, between 0 – 63 turns the sostenuto off.
Effect3 Depth (Chorus Send Level) (Control #93)
Messages which adjust the send level for the Chorus effect.
Data Increment (Control #96)
Data Decrement (Control #97)
Messages which increase or decrease the MSB value of pitch
bend sensitivity, fine tune, or coarse tune in steps of 1. You will
need to assign one of those parameters using the RPN in the
external device in advance. The data byte is ignored. When the
maximum value or minimum value is reached, the value will not
be incremented or decremented further. (Incrementing the fine
tune will not cause the coarse tune to be incremented.)
RPN (Registered Parameter Number) LSB (Control #100)
RPN (Registered Parameter Number) MSB (Control #101)
Messages which offset, or add or subtract values from a Part's
pitch bend sensitivity, tuning, or other parameter settings. First
send the RPN MSB and RPN LSB to specify the parameter
which is to be controlled. Then use Data Increment/Decrement
(page 94) to set the value of the specified parameter. Note that
once the RPN has been set for a channel, subsequent data
entry will be recognized as the same RPN’s value change.
Therefore after you use the RPN, you should set a Null (7FH,
7FH) value to avoid unexpected results. The following RPN
numbers can be received.
RPN MSB
RPN LSB
00
00
Pitch Bend Sensitivity
PARAMETER
00
01
Fine Tune
00
02
Coarse Tune
7F
7F
Null
Harmonic Content (Control #71)
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
106
Messages which adjust the filter resonance set for each Part.
The value set here is an offset value which will be added to or
subtracted from the Voice data. Higher values will result in a
more characteristic, resonant sound. Depending on the Voice,
the effective range may be narrower than the range available for
adjustment.
■ Channel Mode Messages
The following Channel Mode Messages can be received.
2nd BYTE
3rd BYTE
120
0
All Sounds Off
MESSAGE
121
0
Reset All Controllers
Release Time (Control #72)
123
0
All Notes Off
Messages which adjust the AEG release time set for each Part.
The value set here is an offset value which will be added to or
subtracted from the Voice data.
126
0 – 16
127
0
Mono
Poly
Attack Time (Control #73)
All Sounds Off (Control #120)
Messages which adjust the AEG attack time set for each Part.
The value set here is an offset value which will be added to or
subtracted from the Voice data.
Clears all sounds currently sounding on the specified channel.
However, the status of channel messages such as Note On and
Hold On is maintained.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
About MIDI
Polyphonic Aftertouch 0 (off)
Modulation
0 (off)
Expression
127 (max)
Hold1
0 (off)
Portamento
0 (off)
Sostenuto
0 (off)
Soft Pedal
0 (off)
Portamento Control
Cancels the Portamento source key number
RPN
Number not specified; internal data will not change
NRPN
Number not specified; internal data will not change
All Notes Off (Control #123)
Clears all notes currently on for the specified channel. However,
if Hold1 or Sostenuto is on, notes will continue sounding until
these are turned off.
Mono (Control #126)
Performs the same function as when an All Sounds Off message
is received, and if the 3rd byte (mono number) is in the range of
0 – 16, it sets the corresponding channel to Mono Mode (Mode
4: m = 1).
Poly (Control #127)
Performs the same function as when an All Sounds Off message
is received, and sets the corresponding channel to Poly Mode.
System Exclusive messages control various functions of this
instrument, including master volume and master tuning, tone
generator mode, effect type and various other parameters.
General MIDI (GM) System On
When a “General MIDI system on” message is received, the
instrument will receive MIDI messages which are compatible
with GM System Level 1, and consequently will not receive Bank
Select messages. When the instrument receives the GM System
On, each receive channel of Parts 1 – 16 (in a Multi) will be
assigned to “1 – 16.”
F0 7E 7F 09 01 F7 (Hexadecimal)
n Make sure that the interval between this message and the first note data of
the song is at least a quarter note or greater in length.
MIDI Master Volume
When received, the Volume MSB will be effective for the System
Parameter.
* mm (MSB) = appropriate volume value, ll (LSB) = ignored
F0 7F 7F 04 01 ll mm F7 (Hexadecimal)
Mode Change
When received, the mode of the MOTIF-RACK XS will be
switched.
* n = Device Number (page 100)
* m = 0 – 6, (0: Voice, 1 – 4: not used, 5: Multi, 6: Demo)
F0 43 1n 7F 03 0A 00 01 0m F7 (Hexadecimal)
■ Program Change
■ System Realtime Messages
Messages that determine which Voice to select for each Part.
With a combination of Bank Select, you can select not only basic
Voice numbers, but also variation Voice bank numbers. For a list
of the Voices, see the separate Data List.
Active Sensing (FEH)
n When you specify a program change as a number in the range of 0 – 127,
specify a number that is one less than the program number listed in the
Voice List of the separate Data List booklet. For example, to specify
program number 128, you would actually enter program change 127.
The Controls &
Connectors
■ System Exclusive Messages
Setting Up
0 (off)
Listening to
the Sound
0 (center)
Aftertouch
Connections
Pitch Bend Change
System messages are the data related to the overall system of
the device.
Using a Computer
VALUE
Quick Guide
CONTROLLER
System Exclusive Messages
Basic Structure
The values of the following controllers will be reset to the
defaults.
Once FEH (Active Sensing) has been received, if no MIDI data is
subsequently received for longer than an interval of
approximately 300 msec, this instrument will perform the same
function as when All Sounds Off, All Notes Off, and Reset All
Controllers messages are received, and will then return to a
status in which FEH is not monitored.
Pitch Bend messages are continuous controller messages that
allow the pitch of designated notes to be raised or lowered by a
specified amount over a specified duration.
■ Channel Aftertouch
Reference
■ Pitch Bend
This message is transmitted with a fixed interval (24 times per
quarter note) to synchronize connected MIDI instruments. You
can select whether this instrument uses the internal Timing
Clock, or external Timing Clock messages received via MIDI IN
by setting the MIDI Sync parameter: [UTILITY] → MIDI window
→ “MIDI Sync.”
Voice
Timing Clock (F8H)
Multi
Reset All Controllers (Control #121)
Utility
Messages which let you control the sounds by the pressure you
apply to the keys after the initial striking of the keys, over the
entire channel.
■ Polyphonic Aftertouch
Appendix
This message is generated when pressure is applied to a key
after the note is played. Unlike the Channel Aftertouch event,
however, individual data is provided for each key.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
107
Installing the Optional mLAN16E2
The Controls &
Connectors
Installing the Optional mLAN16E2
The optionally available mLAN expansion board (mLAN16E2) can be installed to the MOTIF-RACK XS. By installing an mLAN16E2
board, you can upgrade your MOTIF-RACK XS for convenient and easy connection to an IEEE1394-compatible computer.
IMPORTANT
Setting Up
Installation Precautions
Keep the removed screws in a safe place. They will be used
when installing the mLAN16E2. Be careful not to misplace
them. Keep the cover and fixing screws in a safe place for
future use.
Before installing the optional hardware, make sure you have a
Philips screwdriver and ample space to work.
Listening to
the Sound
WARNING
• Before beginning installation, switch off the power to the instrument and
Connections
connected peripherals, and unplug them from the power outlet. Installation or
removal of any devices should be started ONLY after the instrument (and the
optional hardware) returns to normal room temperature. Then remove all
cables connecting the instrument to other devices. (Leaving the power cord
connected while working can result in electric shock. Leaving other cables
connected can interfere with work.)
• Be careful not to drop any screws inside the instrument during installation.
Using a Computer
(This can be prevented by keeping the optional units and cover away from
the instrument while attaching). If this does happen, be sure to remove the
screw(s) from inside the unit before turning the power on. Loose screws
inside the instrument can cause improper operation or serious damage. If
you are unable to retrieve a dropped screw, consult your Yamaha dealer for
advice.
CAUTION
After removing the cover, you will see the metal fittings at
the bottom of the opening. To avoid cutting or scraping
your fingers, be careful not to touch them when installing
the mLAN16E2.
• Install the optional units carefully as described in the procedure below.
Improper installation can cause shorts which may result in irreparable
damage and pose a fire hazard.
• Do not disassemble, modify, or apply excessive force to board areas and
connectors on optional units. Bending or tampering with boards and
connectors may lead to electric shock, fire, or equipment failures.
3.
Insert the mLAN16E2 along the guide rails.
Quick Guide
Push the mLAN16E2 all the way into the slot so that the
terminal at the end of the mLAN16E2 is correctly inserted
into the terminal inside the slot.
CAUTION
• It is recommended that you wear gloves to protect your hands from metallic
Guide rails
projections on optional units and other components. Touching leads or
connectors with bare hands may cause finger cuts, and may also result in
poor electrical contact or electrostatic damage.
• Be careful of static electricity. Static electricity discharge can damage the IC
Basic Structure
chips on the mLAN16E2. Before you handle the optional mLAN16E2, to
reduce the possibility of static electricity, touch unpainted metal parts or a
ground wire on the devices that are grounded.
• Handle the optional units with care. Dropping or subjecting them to any kind
of shock may cause damage or result in a malfunction.
• Do not touch the exposed metal parts in the circuit board. Touching these
parts may result in a faulty contact.
Voice
• Be careful not to misplace any of the screws.
• Do not use any screws other than what are installed on the instrument. Use
of incorrect screws can cause damage.
Installing the mLAN16E2
Reference
Multi
1.
4.
Replace the cover with the two screws you removed
in step 2 above.
Turn the power of the MOTIF-RACK XS off, and
disconnect the AC power adaptor.
Also, make sure to disconnect the MOTIF-RACK XS from
any connected external devices.
Utility
2.
Remove the cover for the mLAN16E2 from the rear
panel.
With the rear panel of this tone generator facing you,
remove the two screws from the cover.
Appendix
CAUTION
108
Malfunctions or incorrect operation may occur if the
mLAN16E2 is not properly fastened.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Troubleshooting
4.
If still no sound is output after step 3 above, the
problem may be in the Utility settings of the MOTIFRACK XS, the settings of any connected MIDI
device, and/or the connecting MIDI cable.
No Sound
Volume:
● Have you made all the appropriate level settings—
including the Master Volume on the MOTIF-RACK XS and
the volume settings on any connected external
equipment? ..............................................pages 10 and 14
Certain settings:
● Is the volume or level setting appropriate?
Check the following parameters:
[VOICE] → [EDIT]→ select “Play Mode” → [ENTER] → Volume .... page 65
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any part → [ENTER] → select “Play Mode” →
[ENTER] → Volume ......................................................................... page 94
On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, turn [Voice] on → select any Element or
Key → select “Amplitude” → “Level”................................... page 80 and 85
● On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, are any Elements or Parts
muted?
For details, refer to the manual of the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor.
● On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, have any of the Element
Switch parameters been set to off?
On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, turn [VOICE] on → turn each Element
Switch/Key Switch on ....................................................… pages 73 and 84
● On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, have the Element/Drum
filters been set so that they cut off almost all the sound?
...............................................................................page 76
Setting Up
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
● Have the MIDI receive channels been set correctly?
[VOICE] → [UTILITY] → select “Voice MIDI” → [ENTER] → “Receive Ch”
....................................................................................................... page 102
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Voice” →
[ENTER] → “Receive Ch” ................................................................ page 94
● Has the output of each Part been set appropriately?
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → select “Play Mode” [ENTER] →
Using a Computer
If the problem still persists even after changing the
Voice or Multi, check the master volume setting of
the MOTIF-RACK XS.
On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, turn [VOICE] on → select any Element/Key
→ “Oscillator/Pitch” → “Note Limit” and “Velocity Limit” ................. page 74
“Output Select” ................................................................................ page 95
● With the Arpeggio active, has the Arpeggio Category
parameter been set to “Cntr” and the Key Mode
parameter set to something other than “direct”?
[VOICE] → [EDIT] → select “Arpeggio” → [ENTER] → select “Arp Edit” →
[ENTER] → “Key Mode” .................................................................. page 67
Quick Guide
3.
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Play Mode” →
[ENTER] → “Note Limit Lo/Hi” or “Velocity Limit Lo/Hi” ................... page 95
[VOICE] → [EDIT] → select “Arpeggio” → [ENTER] → set the “Arp Select”
to “ARP1” – “ARP5” → select “Arp 1 Type” – “Arp 5 Type” → [ENTER] →
“Main Ctgry” .................................................................................... page 68
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Arpeggio” →
[ENTER] → select “Arp Edit” → [ENTER] → “Key Mode” ............... page 67
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Arpeggio” →
[ENTER] → select any of “ARP1” – “ARP5” → select “Arp 1 Type” – “Arp 5
Type” → [ENTER] → “Main Ctgry”................................................... page 68
Basic Structure
decrease in volume, selecting a different Voice or Multi will restore
the volume.
appropriately?
● When the arpeggio produces no sound, are the note limit
and velocity limit set appropriately?
[VOICE] → [EDIT] → select “Arpeggio” → [ENTER] → select “Arp Edit”→
[ENTER] → Note Limit Lo/Hi or Velocity Limit Lo/Hi ........................ page 67
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Arpeggio” →
[ENTER] → select “Arp Edit” → [ENTER] → Note Limit Lo/Hi or Velocity
Limit Lo/Hi........................................................................................ page 96
Voice
n When song data settings, such as volume or expression cause a
● Are the note limit and velocity limit of each Part set
● When the Element for which the XA Control parameter is
set to “legato” in the Oscillator on the MOTIF-RACK XS
Editor produces no sound, is the Mono/Poly parameter set
to “mono”?
Also, does the Element for which the XA Control
parameter is set to a value other than “legato” belong to
the same Element Group?....................... pages 65 and 73
Multi
If no sound can be heard through the headphones,
try selecting different Voices or Multis to see whether
the problem persists or not. If selecting another
Voice or Multi clears up the problem, you can
assume that the settings of the original Voice or Multi
were at fault.
● Are the velocity sensitivity settings set appropriately?
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Play Mode” →
[ENTER] → “Vel Sens Depth” or “Vel Sens Offset” .......................... page 95
● When the Element for which the XA Control parameter is
set to “key off sound” produces no sound, have you
released the note (sending Note Off message to the tone
generator) at the same time the AEG level of the same
Element Group decreases?
The Element for which the XA Control parameter is set to
“key off sound” will produce sound with the AEG level of
the previous Element of the same Group. Make sure to
release the note at the moment the AEG level is not too
low, or assign the “key off sound” Element to the different
Group .................................................................... page 73
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Utility
2.
Connect a set of headphones to check whether the
MOTIF-RACK XS is properly producing sound. If you
can hear the sound in the headphones but not from
your connected audio system, you can assume that
the problem is in the cable connections to the audio
system.
● Are the Effect settings appropriate?....... pages 33 and 38
Appendix
1.
● Is the FEG Depth parameter set too low?
[VOICE] → [EDIT] → select “EG” → [ENTER] → “FEG Depth” ....... page 68
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “EG” → [ENTER]
→ “FEG Depth” ............................................................................... page 96
Reference
The following table provides troubleshooting hints and page
references for some common problems. Most problems may be
simply the result of incorrect settings. Before contacting your
Yamaha dealer or service center, refer to the troubleshooting
advice below to see if you can find and correct the cause of the
problem. In particular, when you have trouble getting sound out
of the MOTIF-RACK XS, check the points below as you try to
pinpoint the cause of the trouble.
The Controls &
Connectors
Troubleshooting
109
Troubleshooting
● When the Element for which the XA Control parameter is
The Controls &
Connectors
set to “AF 1 on,” “AF 2 on” or “all AF off” on the MOTIFRACK XS Editor does not produce any sound, have you
operated the Controller to which the A.Func [1] or [2]
button is assigned?..............................................page 101
Playback continues without stopping.
● When the [AUDITION] button is turned on, press it again
so that its lamp turns off.
Setting Up
System settings (Utility):
The pitch is wrong.
● Have the MIDI receive channels been set correctly?
[VOICE] → [UTILITY] → select “Voice MIDI” → [ENTER] → “Receive Ch
● Is the tune setting appropriate?
[UTILITY] → select “General” → [ENTER] → “Tune” ...................... page 98
....................................................................................................... page 102
Listening to
the Sound
● Is the MIDI IN/OUT setting appropriate?
[VOICE] → [UTILITY] → select “MIDI” → [ENTER] → “MIDI In/Out”
........................................................................................................ page 99
● Is the “Note Shift” setting appropriate?
[UTILITY] → select “General” → [ENTER] → “Note Shift” ............... page 98
● Have the micro tuning parameters been set to an
unconventional scale?
External Device or Sequencer settings:
● When playing this MOTIF-RACK XS using an external
Connections
MIDI sequencer, have the transmit channels for each
sequencer track and the receive channels for each Part in
the Multi been set correctly?
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Voice” →
[ENTER] → “Receive Ch” ................................................................ page 94
● Are the MIDI “echo” settings (MIDI through) set
Using a Computer
appropriately?
For details, refer to the manual of your DAW software.
● When playing back a song data using an external
sequencer or computer, have the volume and expression
parameters been set appropriately?
[VOICE] → [EDIT] → select “Play Mode” → [ENTER] → Micro Tune No.
.....................................................................................................… page 66
● Have the pitch related parameters been set
appropriately? ......................................... pages 74 and 85
● On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, has the Pitch Modulation
Depth been set too high?...................................... page 81
● Have the following parameters been set to values other
than “0”?
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Play Mode” →
[ENTER] → “Note Shift” or “Detune”............................................... page 94
On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, turn [Voice] on → select any Element/Key
→ “Oscillator/Pitch” → “Coarse” or “Fine” ...................................... page 74
[UTILITY] → select “General” → [ENTER] → “Note Shift” .............. page 98
Quick Guide
External audio devices or cables:
Sound is choppy and intermittent.
● Has the audio equipment been connected correctly?
● Are you exceeding the maximum polyphony of the
.............................................................................. page 13
instrument?............................................................ page 52
Basic Structure
● Are any of the MIDI cables damaged?
● Is the volume of the external device set to an appropriate
Only single notes are sounded (no chords).
level?
● Has the “Mono/Poly” parameter been set to “mono”?
[VOICE] → [EDIT] → select “Play Mode” → [ENTER] → “Mono/Poly”
Distorted sound
Voice
● Are the effect settings appropriate?
Use of an effect at certain settings may produce distortion.
...........................................................pages 33, 38 and 57
● Are the filter settings appropriate?
Reference
Multi
Excessively high filter resonance settings can cause
distortion.
.................................................................pages 76 and 88
● Is the MASTER VOLUME set so high that clipping is
occurring?................................................pages 65 and 91
Is the volume of each Element in the Voice mode or the
volume of each Part in the Multi mode set too high?
.................................................................pages 65 and 94
No effects are applied.
● Have the parameters in the Effect Dialog been set
appropriately? ....................................................... page 34
● Have any or all of the effect types been set to “thru” or “No
Utility
Effect” (in the Effect display of the Voice Common Edit
mode)?
On the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor, have any or all of the
Elements’ Effect Output parameters been set to “thru”?
.............................................................................. page 72
● Has the Insertion Effect Switch for each Part been set to
Sound is very quiet.
● Has the MIDI volume or MIDI expression been set too
Appendix
110
........................................................................................................ page 65
[MULTI] → [EDIT] → select any Part → [ENTER] → select “Play Mode” →
[ENTER] → “Mono/Poly” .................................................................. page 95
low?
● Is the cutoff frequency of the filters set too low?
.................................................................pages 76 and 77
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
on?......................................................................... page 97
Troubleshooting
The Controls &
Connectors
Cannot call up the Play display and the dialog.
● This situation occurs when the instrument is in the
Compare mode. Press the [EDIT] button to exit from the
Compare mode to enable you to perform the operation.
Setting Up
Data communication between the computer and the
MOTIF-RACK XS does not work properly.
● Check whether the Port setting on the computer is
appropriate or not. ...................................pages 18 and 20
Listening to
the Sound
● Is the “MIDI IN/OUT”” setting appropriate?
[UTILITY] → select “MIDI” → “MIDI In/Out”
If the MIDI IN/OUT terminals are used, set this parameter to “MIDI.” If the
USB terminal is used, set this parameter to “USB.” If the mLAN terminal
(only when the optional mLAN16E2 has been installed) is used, set this
parameter to “mLAN.” ..................................................................... page 99
Connections
Data communication between the MIDI instrument
and the MOTIF-RACK XS does not work properly.
Using a Computer
● Is the “MIDI In/Out” setting to “MIDI”?
[UTILITY] → select “MIDI” → “MIDI In/Out”=”MIDI” ........................ page 99
Quick Guide
The MOTIF-RACK XS does not sound properly even
when playing back the song data on the computer
or the MIDI instrument connected to the MOTIFRACK XS
● Is the MOTIF-RACK XS set to the Multi mode?
Basic Structure
The Voice mode may not produce the proper sound even
when playing back the Song data on the MIDI instrument
or the computer connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS.
Likewise, setting the “Layer 1 – 4 Parts” parameter to “on”
may not produce the proper sound even when the MOTIFRACK XS is in the Multi mode. ..............................page 98
Cannot receive bulk data.
● Is the Device Number setting correct?
Voice
If the data was saved with the Bulk Dump function of the
MOTIF-RACK XS, you need to set the Device Number to
the same number before Bulk Dump transmission.
Reference
● Is the MIDI IN/OUT setting appropriate?
[UTILITY] → select “MIDI” → [ENTER] → “MIDI In/Out”................. page 99
● Has the Receive Bulk Switch parameter been set to
“protect”?
Multi
[UTILITY] → select “MIDI” → [ENTER] → “Device No.” ................ page 100
[UTILITY] → select “MIDI” → [ENTER] → “Receive Bulk” ............. page 100
Utility
● Are any of the MIDI cables damaged?
n For information about the problems when the optional mLAN16E2 has
been installed and the computer is connected to the MOTIF-RACK XS via a
mLAN cable, refer to the manual of the Driver you are using.
n For information on problems with use of the MOTIF-RACK XS Editor,
Appendix
accessory DAW software and USB-MIDI Driver, refer to the Manual or
Installation Guide of the relevant software.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
111
Specifications
The Controls &
Connectors
Specifications
Tone Generator
Setting Up
Listening to
the Sound
Effects
Connections
Arpeggio
Tone Generator
AWM2, with Expanded Articulation
Polyphony
128 notes
Wave
355MB (when converted to 16-bit linear format), 2,670 waveforms
Voice
Preset: 1,024 Normal Voices + 64 Drum Kits
GM: 128 Normal Voices + 1 Drum Kit
User: 128 x 3 Normal Voices + 32 Drum Kits (Both of the User Voices are selected and copied
from Preset bank)
Multi
User: 128 Multis
Reverb
9 types
Chorus
22 types
Insertion A
53 types (up to 8 blocks available in the Multi mode)
Insertion B
53 types (up to 8 blocks available in the Multi mode)
Master Effect
9 types
Master EQ
5 bands (High, High Mid, Mid, Low Mid, Low)
Part EQ
3 bands (High, Mid, Low)
Arpeggio Type
6,633 types
* MIDI Sync, MIDI transmit/receive channel, Velocity Limit, and Note Limit can be set.
Using a Computer
Controls
Jacks and
Terminals
Quick Guide
Others
VOLUME knob, Encoder knob, Cursor buttons, AUDITION button, STORE button, ENTER
button, EXIT button, VOICE button, EFFECT button, EDIT button, MULTI button, SELECT
button, UTILITY button, Knobs 1 – 5
Basic Structure
Front Panel
PHONES
Rear Panel
USB TO HOST, MIDI IN/OUT, DIGITAL OUTPUT, ASSIGNABLE OUTPUT L and R, OUTPUT L/
MONO and R, DC/IN, mLAN (when the mLAN16E2 has been installed)
Display
160 x 64-dot graphic backlit LCD
Supplied Accessories
AC Power adaptor (PA-301, PA-300B or an equivalent recommended by Yamaha), Owner's
manual (this book), Data List, Disk x 1 (containing DAW software)
Power Consumption
When the AC power adaptor is connected to both the MOTIF-RACK XS and the AC outlet, and
the VOLUME knob is in the STANDBY position: 0.3 W
When the power is turned on: 15W
When the power is turned on and the optional mLAN16E2 has been installed: 20W
Digital Output
(COAXIAL)
44.1kHz, 24bit
Dimensions
480 (W) x 379.4 (D) x 44 (H) mm
Weight
4.2kg
Voice
* Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to change or modify products
or specifications at any time without prior notice. Since specifications, equipment or options may not be the same in every locale, please check with your
Yamaha dealer.
Note on source code distribution
Multi
Reference
For three years after the final factory shipment, you may request from Yamaha the source code for any portions of the product which are
licensed under the GNU General Public License by writing to the following address:
DE Group Marketing Department Digital Musical Instruments Division, YAMAHA Corporation
10-1 Nakazawa-cho, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, 430-8650, JAPAN
The source code will be provided at no charge; however, we may require you to reimburse Yamaha for the cost of delivering the source
code to you.
Utility
• Note that we shall bear no responsibility whatsoever for any damage arising from changes (additions/ deletions) made to the software for this
product by a third party other than Yamaha (or party authorized by Yamaha).
• Note that re-use of source code released to the public domain by Yamaha is unguaranteed, and Yamaha shall not bear any responsibility
whatsoever for the source code.
• The source code can be downloaded from the following address:
http://www.yamahasynth.com/download/source/motif-rxs
Appendix
112
• About GNU General Public License, refer to the separate Data List booklet.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT
The Controls &
Connectors
ATTENTION
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT
THIS AGREEMENT PROVIDES YOUR USE-CONDITIONS ABOUT THE
“DAW” SOFTWARE OF STEINBERG MEDIA TECHNOLOGIES
GMBH(“STEINBERG”) WHICH IS BUNDLED WITH THIS PRODUCT.
SINCE THE END-USER SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT (EUSLA)
SHOWN ON YOUR PC-DISPLAY IN YOUR INSTALLING THE “DAW”
SOFTWARE IS REPLACED BY THIS AGREEMENT, YOU SHOULD
DISREGARD THE EUSLA. THAT IS, IN THE INSTALLING PROCESS, YOU
SHOULD SELECT “AGREE” WITH THE EUSLA, WITHOUT YOUR
JUDGMENT THERETO, SO AS TO PROCEED TO THE NEXT PAGE.
Setting Up
This Agreement becomes effective on the day that you receive the
SOFTWARE and remains effective until terminated. If any copyright law or
provisions of this Agreement is violated, the Agreement shall terminate
automatically and immediately without notice from Yamaha. Upon such
termination, you must immediately destroy the licensed SOFTWARE, any
accompanying written documents and all copies thereof.
4. LIMITED WARRANTY ON MEDIA
As to SOFTWARE sold on tangible media, Yamaha warrants that the
tangible media on which the SOFTWARE is recorded will be free from
defects in materials and workmanship under normal use for a period of
fourteen (14) days from the date of receipt, as evidenced by a copy of
the receipt. Yamaha’s entire liability and your exclusive remedy will be
replacement of the defective media if it is returned to Yamaha or an
authorized Yamaha dealer within fourteen days with a copy of the receipt.
Yamaha is not responsible for replacing media damaged by accident,
abuse or misapplication. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY
LAW, YAMAHA EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES ON
THE TANGIBLE MEDIA, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Listening to
the Sound
BY BREAKING THE SEAL OF THIS PACKAGE YOU ARE AGREEING TO
BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE
WITH THE TERMS, DO NOT INSTALL, COPY, OR OTHERWISE USE THIS
SOFTWARE.
3. TERMINATION
Connections
PLEASE READ THIS SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT
(“AGREEMENT”) CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THIS SOFTWARE. YOU
ARE ONLY PERMITTED TO USE THIS SOFTWARE PURSUANT TO THE
TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS AGREEMENT. THIS AGREEMENT IS
BETWEEN YOU (AS AN INDIVIDUAL OR LEGAL ENTITY) AND YAMAHA
CORPORATION (“YAMAHA”).
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
decompilation or otherwise deriving a source code form of the
SOFTWARE by any method whatsoever.
You may not reproduce, modify, change, rent, lease, or distribute
the SOFTWARE in whole or in part, or create derivative works of
the SOFTWARE.
You may not electronically transmit the SOFTWARE from one
computer to another or share the SOFTWARE in a network with
other computers.
You may not use the SOFTWARE to distribute illegal data or data
that violates public policy.
You may not initiate services based on the use of the SOFTWARE
without permission by Yamaha Corporation.
Copyrighted data, including but not limited to MIDI data for songs,
obtained by means of the SOFTWARE, are subject to the following
restrictions which you must observe.
Data received by means of the SOFTWARE may not be used for
any commercial purposes without permission of the copyright
owner.
Data received by means of the SOFTWARE may not be
duplicated, transferred, or distributed, or played back or
performed for listeners in public without permission of the
copyright owner.
The encryption of data received by means of the SOFTWARE may
not be removed nor may the electronic watermark be modified
without permission of the copyright owner.
7. GENERAL
This Agreement shall be interpreted according to and governed by
Japanese law without reference to principles of conflict of laws. Any
dispute or procedure shall be heard before the Tokyo District Court in
Japan. If for any reason a court of competent jurisdiction finds any
portion of this Agreement to be unenforceable, the remainder of this
Agreement shall continue in full force and effect.
8. COMPLETE AGREEMENT
This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the parties
with respect to use of the SOFTWARE and any accompanying written
materials and supersedes all prior or contemporaneous understandings
or agreements, written or oral, regarding the subject matter of this
Agreement. No amendment or revision of this Agreement will be binding
unless in writing and signed by a fully authorized representative of
Yamaha.
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
Voice
• You may not engage in reverse engineering, disassembly,
YAMAHA’S ENTIRE OBLIGATION HEREUNDER SHALL BE TO PERMIT
USE OF THE SOFTWARE UNDER THE TERMS HEREOF. IN NO EVENT
SHALL YAMAHA BE LIABLE TO YOU OR ANY OTHER PERSON FOR
ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY DIRECT,
INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, EXPENSES,
LOST PROFITS, LOST DATA OR OTHER DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF
THE USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE, EVEN IF
YAMAHA OR AN AUTHORIZED DEALER HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. In no event shall Yamaha’s total
liability to you for all damages, losses and causes of action (whether in
contract, tort or otherwise) exceed the amount paid for the SOFTWARE.
Multi
2. RESTRICTIONS
6. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
Utility
form for backup purposes only, if the SOFTWARE is on media
where such backup copy is permitted. On the backup copy, you
must reproduce Yamaha’s copyright notice and any other
proprietary legends that were on the original copy of the
SOFTWARE.
• You may permanently transfer to a third party all your rights in the
SOFTWARE only when you transfer this product together, provided
that you do not retain any copies and the recipient reads and
agrees to the terms of this Agreement.
You expressly acknowledge and agree that use of the SOFTWARE is at
your sole risk. The SOFTWARE and related documentation are provided
“AS IS” and without warranty of any kind. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY
OTHER PROVISION OF THIS AGREEMENT, YAMAHA EXPRESSLY
DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES AS TO THE SOFTWARE, EXPRESS, AND
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS.
SPECIFICALLY, BUT WITHOUT LIMITING THE FOREGOING, YAMAHA
DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THE SOFTWARE WILL MEET YOUR
REQUIREMENTS, THAT THE OPERATION OF THE SOFTWARE WILL BE
UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE, OR THAT DEFECTS IN THE
SOFTWARE WILL BE CORRECTED.
Appendix
• You may use the SOFTWARE on a single computer.
• You may make one copy of the SOFTWARE in machine-readable
5. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY ON SOFTWARE
Reference
Yamaha hereby grants you the right to use one copy of the software
program(s) and data (“SOFTWARE”) accompanying this Agreement. The
term SOFTWARE shall encompass any updates to the accompanying
software and data. The SOFTWARE is owned by STEINBERG, and is
protected by relevant copyright laws and all applicable treaty provisions.
Yamaha has acquired the sublicense right to license you to use the
SOFTWARE. While you are entitled to claim ownership of the data
created with the use of SOFTWARE, the SOFTWARE will continue to be
protected under relevant copyrights.
Using a Computer
1. GRANT OF LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT
113
Index
The Controls &
Connectors
Index
Numerics
Setting Up
1/4 Shift.................................................................87
1/4 tone.................................................................87
1/8 tone.................................................................87
3 Band EQ ......................................................71, 83
A
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
Using a Computer
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
Voice
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
114
A Mod (Amplitude Modulation) ............................81
A. Func 1 Ctrl No.
(Assign Function 1 Control Number)..................102
A. Func 2 Ctrl No.
(Assign Function 2 Control Number).................102
Accent Phrase ......................................................55
Accnt Strt Qtz (Accent Start Quantize).................68
Accnt Vel Th (Accent Velocity Threshold)............68
Active Sensing (FEH) .........................................107
AEG (Amplitude EG) ......................................80, 86
AEG Attack .....................................................69, 96
AEG Decay.....................................................69, 96
AEG Release ..................................................69, 96
AEG Sustain ...................................................69, 96
AI Driver................................................................18
All Notes Off (Control #123) ...............................107
All Sounds Off (Control #120).............................106
Alternate Group ....................................................84
Alternate Pan ..................................................79, 85
AMP Level/Pan ...............................................78, 85
AMP Scale (Amplitude Scale) ..............................81
Amplitude .............................................................52
Amplitude Scaling setting example......................90
Arabic 1/2/3 ..........................................................87
Arp 1 – 5 Ctrl No.
(Arpeggio 1 – 5 Control Number).......................102
Arp 1 – 5 Select (Arpeggio 1 – 5 Select)..............91
Arp 1 – 5 Type (Arpeggio 1 – 5 Type)............68, 96
Arp Assign Mode (Arpeggio Assign Mode) .......102
Arp Common Sw
(Arpeggio Common Switch) .................................91
Arp Edit (Arpeggio Edit) .................................66, 96
Arp Hold (Arpeggio Hold) ....................................66
Arp Hold Ctrl No.
(Arpeggio Hold Control Number) .......................102
Arp MIDI Out Sw
(Arpeggio MIDI Output Switch) ....................96, 102
Arp Select (Arpeggio Select) ...................66, 83, 96
Arp Sw (Arpeggio Switch) ....................................66
Arp Sw Ctrl No.
(Arpeggio Switch Control Number) ....................102
Arp Tempo (Arpeggio Tempo) .......................66, 91
Arp Transmit Ch
(Arpeggio Transmit Channel) .......................96, 102
Arpeggio.........................................................40, 91
Category..................................................... 53
Sub Category ............................................. 53
Type Name................................................. 54
Arpeggio Block.....................................................53
Arpeggio tempo .............................................43, 55
Arpeggio Type
Drum Voice................................................. 55
Non-note event........................................... 56
Normal Voice.............................................. 55
Arpeggio Type List ...........................................8, 54
AS 1 Ctrl No. (Assign 1 Control Number)...........101
AS 2 Ctrl No. (Assign 2 Control Number)...........101
ASSIGN 1 (Assign 1 value) ..................................30
Assign 1 Value................................................71, 93
ASSIGN 2 (Assign 2 value) ..................................30
Assign 2 Value................................................71, 93
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Assign L&R Gain ..................................................99
Assign Mode.........................................................84
ASSIGNABLE OUTPUT L and R jacks .................12
ATTACK (AEG Attack Time) .................................30
Attack Time (Control #73)...................................106
Audio Channel ......................................................20
Audio Input Block .................................................53
[AUDITION] button ...............................................10
Audition Button (Audition Button Function) ..........99
Audition No. (Audition Phrase Number) ...............66
Audition Note Shift (Audition Phrase Note Shift)...66
Audition Phrase ....................................................16
Audition Vel Shift
(Audition Phrase Velocity Shift) ...........................66
Auto Factory Set
(Power On Auto Factory Set) ..............................103
AWM2 (Advanced Wave Memory 2) ....................49
B
Bank......................................................................94
Bank Select LSB (Control #32) ...........................105
Bank Select MSB (Control #0) ............................105
Bank Select Sw (Bank Select Switch).................100
Bank/Part Wrap (Bank/Part Wrap Around) ...........99
BC Ctrl No.
(Breath Controller Control Number)....................102
BEF (Band Elimination Filter) ................................89
BPF (Band Pass Filter)..........................................88
Break Point 1 – 4.............................................78, 81
Brightness (Control #74).....................................106
Bulk Dump ............................................................47
Bulk Interval ........................................................100
C
C – B (C Tuning Offset – B Tuning Offset)..........102
Cable Clip.......................................................12, 13
Category .............................................72, 73, 84, 93
Category Search...................................................28
Center Key
(Cutoff Key Follow Center Key / HPF Key Follow
Center Key)...........................................................76
Change Timing .....................................................67
Channel Aftertouch.............................................107
Channel Messages.............................................105
Channel Mode Messages...................................106
Character list ........................................................47
Chorus ................................................57, 59, 72, 93
CHORUS (Chorus Send) ......................................30
Chorus Ins Send (Insertion Chorus Send)............84
Chorus Pan .....................................................72, 93
Chorus Return.................................................72, 93
Chorus Send...................................................72, 97
Chorus Send (Key Chorus Send) .............83, 84, 92
Chorus To Reverb...........................................72, 93
Clock...............................................................21, 43
Clock Out..............................................................99
Coarse (Coarse Tuning) .................................74, 85
Combination Type Filter........................................89
Common Edit ................................31, 36, 64, 83, 91
Common EQ .........................................................57
Compare Function ................................................31
Compressor ..........................................................60
Control ......................................................71, 83, 93
Control Change ..............................42, 45, 101, 105
Control numbers ...................................................45
Controller ............................................................101
Controller Block ................................................... 57
Controller Reset ................................................. 100
Controller Set ....................................................... 44
Controller Set 1 – 6 Element Sw .......................... 71
Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Depth
(Controller Set 1 – 6 Depth) ................................. 71
Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Dest
(Controller Set 1 – 6 Destination) ......................... 71
Ctrl Set 1 – 6 Src
(Controller Set 1 – 6 Source) ............................... 71
Cursor [L] / [M] / [<] / [>] buttons ....................... 10
CUTOFF ............................................................... 30
Cutoff ................................................. 68, 76, 85, 96
Cutoff Key Follow
(Cutoff Key Follow Sensitivity) ............................. 77
Cutoff Offset 1 – 4 ................................................ 78
Cutoff Velocity Sens
(Cutoff Velocity Sensitivity) ............................ 76, 85
D
Data Decrement (Control #97) .......................... 106
Data Entry LSB (Control #38) ............................ 106
Data Entry MSB (Control #6) ............................. 106
Data Increment (Control #96) ............................ 106
Data List................................................................. 8
DAW (digital audio workstation) .......................... 22
DC IN terminal ............................................... 12, 13
DECAY (AEG Decay Time) .................................. 30
Decay Time (Control #75).................................. 106
Delay.............................................................. 59, 81
Delay Time ........................................................... 70
Demo Song .......................................................... 15
Destination ........................................................... 45
Setting examples........................................88
Detune ................................................................. 94
Device No. (Device Number) ............................ 100
DIGITAL OUTPUT terminal .................................. 12
Distance............................................................... 76
Distortion.............................................................. 60
DRAM .................................................................. 48
Drum Key ............................................................. 51
Drum Voice .............................................. 27, 50, 52
Drum Voice Edit ............................................. 31, 83
Dry Level........................................................ 92, 97
Dual BEF .............................................................. 89
Dual BPF .............................................................. 89
Dual HPF.............................................................. 89
Dual LPF .............................................................. 89
Dual Type Filter.................................................... 89
E
[E] (Edit) Indicator ............................................... 31
Edit Buffer ............................................................ 48
[EDIT] button ....................................................... 11
Effect........................................................ 72, 83, 93
Effect Block.......................................................... 57
[EFFECT] button .................................................. 11
Effect Category .................................................... 59
Effect connection
Multi mode..................................................58
Voice mode ................................................58
Effect Parameter .............................. 61, 72, 93, 103
Effect Parameter 1 – 16 ................................. 72, 93
Effect Types ......................................................... 59
Effect1 Depth
(Reverb Send Level) (Control #91) .................... 106
Index
G
Gain ..........................................................76, 93, 96
Gate Time Rate.....................................................66
General.................................................................98
General MIDI (GM) System On ..........................107
GM Bank...............................................................27
GM Voice..............................................................27
GTime Rate (Gate Time Rate Offset)....................68
H
Half Damper (Half Damper Switch) ......................80
Half Damper Time ................................................80
Harmonic Content (Control #71) ........................106
L
L&R Gain ..............................................................99
Layer 1-4 Parts (Layer 1 – 4 Parts Switch) ...........98
LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) ................................10
LCD Contrast ........................................................99
legato....................................................................51
Level .......................................75, 77, 78, 80, 85, 86
Level Key Follow...................................................79
Level Key Follow Center Key
(Level Key Follow Sensitivity Center Key) ............79
Level Offset 1 – 4..................................................81
Level Velocity Curve
(Level Velocity Sensitivity Curve)..........................79
Level Velocity Offset
(Level Velocity Sensitivity Offset)..........................79
Level Velocity Sens
(Level Velocity Sensitivity) ....................................79
LFO (Common LFO) .............................................69
LFO (Low Frequency Oscillator).....................52, 81
LFO Phase Offset .................................................70
LFO Set 1 – 3 Depth .............................................70
LFO Set 1 – 3 Depth Offset...................................70
LFO Set 1 – 3 Dest
(LFO Set 1 – 3 Destination)...................................70
LFO Set 1 – 3 Element Sw ....................................70
LFO Wave .............................................................81
Local Control ......................................................100
Lo-Fi......................................................................60
Loop......................................................................67
Low Freq.........................................................71, 81
Low Gain.........................................................71, 82
LPF (Low Pass Filter) ............................................88
LPF12+BPF6.........................................................89
The Controls &
Connectors
Setting Up
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
Using a Computer
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
Key..................................................................83, 84
Key Assign Mode .................................................65
Key Edit ..........................................................32, 84
Key Mode .............................................................67
Key on Delay ........................................................73
Key on Reset ..................................................69, 81
Key On/Key Off...................................................105
Key Out (Drum Key Out).......................................83
Key Sw (Key Switch).............................................84
Kirnberger.............................................................87
Knob Disp Time (Knob Display Time) ..................99
Knob Sel Disp Sw
(Knob Select Display Switch) ...............................99
Knobs 1 – 5.........................................11, 29, 30, 36
Voice
K
N
Name ..................................... 47, 65, 73, 83, 84, 91
Name (Micro Tuning Name) .............................. 102
Name (Multi Name).............................................. 91
Normal Voice ........................................... 27, 50, 52
Normal Voice Edit .......................................... 31, 64
Note Limit............................................................. 74
Note Limit Lo/Hi ............................................. 67, 95
Note On/Note Off ............................................... 105
Note Shift ................................................. 65, 94, 98
Number .................................................... 73, 84, 94
Number (Micro Tuning Number) ....................... 102
Multi
IEEE1394 ..............................................................19
IEEE1394 Driver....................................................99
Indian....................................................................87
initialize ...........................................................11, 36
Input Channel .......................................................20
Ins A (Insertion Effect A).......................................72
Ins B (Insertion Effect B).......................................72
Ins Effect Output (Insertion Effect Output) ...........84
Ins Effect Sw (Insertion Effect Switch) ..................97
Insertion Connection.............................................72
Insertion Effect......................................................57
Main 1 Ctgry (Main Category 1) .......................... 65
Main 2 Ctgry (Main Category 2) .......................... 65
Main Ctgry (Main Category) ................................ 68
Main Volume (Control #7) .................................. 106
Master .................................................................. 93
Master Effect........................................................ 57
Master EQ ............................................................ 57
Mega Voice.......................................................... 53
Mega Voice Arpeggio.......................................... 53
MEQ (Master EQ) ................................................ 92
Micro Tune (User Micro Tuning) ........................ 102
Micro Tune Bank (Micro Tuning Bank) ................ 66
Micro Tune No. (Micro Tuning Number) .............. 66
Micro Tune Root (Micro Tuning Root).................. 66
Micro Tuning List ................................................. 87
Mid Freq .............................................................. 71
Mid Gain .............................................................. 71
Mid Q ................................................................... 71
MIDI ............................................................. 99, 105
MIDI channel ......................................... 18, 35, 105
MIDI In/Out .......................................................... 99
MIDI IN/OUT terminal .......................................... 12
MIDI Master Volume .......................................... 107
MIDI port ........................................................ 18, 35
MIDI Receive Channel ......................................... 21
MIDI Soft Thru (MIDI Soft Thru Switch) .............. 100
MIDI Sync ............................................................ 99
MIDI terminal ....................................................... 18
MIDI Transmit Channel ................................ 21, 102
MISC .................................................................... 60
mLAN (IEEE1394) terminal 1, 2 ........................... 12
mLAN expansion board (mLAN16E2) ......... 12, 108
mLAN Gain .......................................................... 99
mLAN In ............................................................... 91
mLAN monitor (mLAN monitor switch) ................ 98
Mode Change .................................................... 107
Modulation Wheel (Control #1) .......................... 105
Mono (Control #126) .......................................... 107
Mono / Stereo ...................................................... 92
Mono/Poly ...................................................... 65, 95
MOTIF-RACK XS Editor ....................................... 23
Multi ..................................................................... 52
[MULTI] button..................................................... 11
Multi Edit ........................................................ 36, 91
Multi Effect Edit .................................................... 38
Multi mode ..................................................... 35, 91
Multi Name........................................................... 47
Utility
F Mod (Filter Modulation) .....................................81
Factory Set ...................................................48, 103
Fade in Time...................................................70, 81
Fade out Time.......................................................70
Favorite Category .................................................29
FC 1 Ctrl No.
(Foot Controller 1 Control Number) ....................101
FC 2 Ctrl No.
(Foot Controller 2 Control Number) ....................101
Fctry Set (Factory Set)........................................103
FEG (Filter EG) .....................................................77
FEG Attack .....................................................68, 96
FEG Decay .....................................................68, 96
FEG Depth......................................................68, 96
FEG DEPTH (Filter EG Depth) ..............................30
FEG Release...................................................68, 96
Filter....................................................51, 68, 83, 96
Filter Scale............................................................78
Filter Scaling setting example ..............................90
Filter Type.......................................................76, 85
Filter Type List ......................................................88
Fine (Fine Tuning)...........................................74, 85
Fine Scaling (Fine Scaling Sensitivity)..................74
Flanger .................................................................59
Flash ROM............................................................48
Freq (Frequency)............................................92, 96
FS Ctrl No. (Foot Switch Control Number)..........101
Fx Send (Effect Send) ..........................................97
I
M
O
Octave Range...................................................... 67
Octave Shift ......................................................... 67
OSC (Oscillator)............................................. 73, 84
Oscillator.............................................................. 51
Output Channel ................................................... 20
OUTPUT L/MONO and R jacks ..................... 12, 13
Output Select ........................................... 85, 92, 95
Output Select List ................................................ 90
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
Appendix
F
High Freq........................................................71, 81
High Gain........................................................71, 82
Hold Time .............................................................70
Hold1 (Control #64) ............................................106
HPF (High Pass Filter) ..........................................88
HPF Cutoff
(High Pass Filter Cutoff Frequency) ...............77, 85
HPF Key Follow
(High Pass Filter Cutoff Key Follow Sensitivity)
..............................................................................77
Reference
Effect3 Depth
(Chorus Send Level) (Control #93).....................106
EG.............................................................68, 83, 96
EG Depth........................................................75, 78
EG Depth Curve
(EG Depth Velocity Sensitivity Curve) ...........75, 78
EG Depth Vel Sens
(EG Depth Velocity Sensitivity).......................75, 78
Element.....................................................31, 50, 51
Element Edit ...................................................32, 73
Element EQ...........................................................57
Element Out 1 – 8 .................................................72
Element Switch 1 – 8 ............................................73
Elm Group (Element Group).................................73
Encoder knob .......................................................10
[ENTER] button.....................................................10
EQ...................................................................81, 86
EQ HIGH (EQ High Gain) .....................................30
EQ LOW (EQ Low Gain) .......................................30
EQ MID (EQ Middle Gain) ....................................30
EQ MID F (EQ Middle Frequency) .......................30
EQ MID Q (EQ Middle Q) .....................................30
Equal ....................................................................87
[EXIT] button...................................................10, 26
Expanded Articulation (XA) ..................................51
Expression (Control #11)....................................106
Extensions for Steinberg DAW .............................24
External controller.................................................44
115
Index
P
The Controls &
Connectors
Setting Up
P Mod (Pitch Modulation) .....................................81
PAN ......................................................................30
Pan ...............................................65, 79, 85, 91, 94
Pan (Control #10) ...............................................106
Param. with Voice (Parameter with Voice) ...........94
Part .......................................................................37
Part Edit ..........................................................36, 94
Part EQ ...........................................................57, 96
PB Range Lower
(Pitch Bend Range Lower) .............................65, 94
PB Range Upper
(Pitch Bend Range Upper).............................65, 94
PEG (Pitch EG) .....................................................74
Phase....................................................................69
Phaser ..................................................................59
PHONES jack .................................................10, 13
Pitch......................................................................51
Pitch Bend ..........................................................107
Pitch Key Follow
(Pitch Key Follow Sensitivity)................................74
Pitch Key Follow Center Key ................................74
Play Mode...........................................65, 69, 83, 94
Poly (Control #127).............................................107
Polyphonic Aftertouch ........................................107
Porta Lgt Slope (Portamento Legato Slope).........66
Porta Mode (Portamento Mode) .....................65, 95
Porta Sw (Portamento Switch) ........................65, 95
Porta Time (Portamento Time)........................65, 95
Porta Time Mode (Portamento Time Mode) .........65
PORTAMENTO .....................................................30
Portamento Switch (Control #65)........................106
Portamento Time (Control #5) ............................106
Power on Mode ....................................................98
Preset .....................................................72, 93, 103
Preset Bank ..........................................................27
Prg Change Sw (Program Change Switch)........100
Program Change ................................................107
PureMajor .............................................................87
PureMinor .............................................................87
Listening to
the Sound
Connections
Using a Computer
Quick Guide
Basic Structure
Q
Voice
Reference
Multi
Utility
Appendix
116
Q (Bandwidth) ................................................82, 93
QS 1 – 3 Arp MIDI Out Sw
(Quick Setup 1 – 3 Arpeggio MIDI Out Switch)
............................................................................100
QS 1 – 3 Clock Out
(Quick Setup 1 – 3 Clock Out)............................100
QS 1 – 3 Local Control
(Quick Setup 1 – 3 Local Control) ......................100
QS 1 – 3 MIDI Sync
(Quick Setup 1 – 3 MIDI Sync) ...........................100
Quantize Strngth (Quantize Strength) ..................67
Quantize Value .....................................................67
Quick Setup........................................................100
Quick Setup dialog.............................................101
R
Random ................................................................74
Random Pan...................................................79, 85
Random SFX...................................................55, 68
Random Speed ....................................................69
RB Ctrl No. (Ribbon Control Number) ................101
Rcv Sw (Receive Switch)......................................97
Receive Bulk.......................................................100
Receive Ch (Basic Receive Channel) ................102
Receive Ch (Receive Channel) ............................94
Receive Note Off ..................................................84
RELEASE (AEG Release Time) ............................30
Release Time (Control #72)................................106
Reset ....................................................................48
Reset All Controllers (Control #121) ...................107
MOTIF-RACK XS Owner’s Manual
RESONANCE........................................................30
Resonance..........................................68, 76, 85, 96
Resonance Velocity Sens
(Resonance Velocity Sensitivity)...........................76
Reverb ................................................57, 59, 72, 93
REVERB (Reverb Send)........................................30
Reverb Ins Send (Insertion Reverb Send)............84
Reverb Pan .....................................................72, 93
Reverb Return.................................................72, 93
Reverb Send...................................................72, 97
Reverb Send (Key Reverb Send) .............83, 84, 92
REV-X....................................................................61
RPN (Registered Parameter Number) ................106
U
S
V
Scaling Pan...........................................................79
Segment
(EG Time Velocity Sensitivity Segment)
..................................................................75, 78, 80
[SELECT] button ...................................................11
SFX Key on Ctrl
(Random SFX Key on Control)..............................68
SFX Vel Offset
(Random SFX Velocity Offset) ..............................68
Shape ...................................................................92
single timbre .........................................................50
Sostenuto (Control #66)......................................106
Source ..................................................................45
Speed .............................................................69, 81
Store .....................................................................46
[STORE] button.....................................................10
Store Compare .....................................................46
Studio Connections ..............................................24
Studio Manager V2 ...............................................23
Sub 1 Ctgry (Sub Category 1) ..............................65
Sub 2 Ctgry (Sub Category 2) ..............................65
Sub Ctgry (Sub Category) ....................................68
SUSTAIN (AEG Sustain Level)..............................30
Swing ....................................................................67
Switch .....................................................72, 93, 103
Sync Qntz Val (Sync Quantize Value) ..................91
Synchronize ..........................................................21
System Effects ......................................................57
System Exclusive Messages ..............................107
System Realtime Messages ...............................107
Vallot&Yng ........................................................... 87
VCM (Virtual Circuitry Modeling) ......................... 61
Vel Cross Fade (Velocity Cross Fade)................. 73
Vel Rate (Velocity Rate Offset) ............................ 68
Vel Sens (Pitch Velocity Sensitivity) ............... 74, 85
Vel Sens Depth (Velocity Sensitivity Depth) ........ 95
Vel Sens Offset (Velocity Sensitivity Offset)......... 95
Velocity Limit........................................................ 74
Velocity Limit Lo/Hi ........................................ 67, 95
Velocity Mode ...................................................... 67
Velocity Rate ........................................................ 66
Velocity Sens (Level Velocity Sensitivity)............. 85
vibrato .................................................................. 52
Voice ........................................................ 27, 50, 94
[VOICE] button .................................................... 11
Voice Edit............................................................. 31
Voice Effect Edit .................................................. 33
Voice Elm Pan (Voice Element Pan) .................... 94
Voice MEF.......................................................... 102
Voice MEQ ......................................................... 103
Voice MIDI ......................................................... 102
Voice mLAN ....................................................... 102
Voice mode.............................................. 27, 50, 64
Voice Name ......................................................... 47
Voice with Arp (Voice with Arpeggio) .................. 96
VOLUME .............................................................. 30
Volume ............................................... 65, 91, 94, 98
[VOLUME] knob............................................. 10, 14
T
Wah................................................................ 52, 60
Wave .................................................................... 69
Wave Bank..................................................... 73, 84
Werckmeist .......................................................... 87
Width.................................................................... 76
Tech......................................................................60
TEMPO (Arpeggio Tempo) ...................................30
Tempo (Delay Tempo)..........................................73
Tempo Speed .......................................................69
Tempo Sync..........................................................69
Tempo Sync (Delay Tempo Sync)........................73
Thru Port ...............................................................18
Time ....................................................74, 77, 80, 86
Time Key Follow
(EG Time Key Follow Sensitivity) ..............76, 78, 81
Time Key Follow Center Key
(EG Time Key Follow Sensitivity Center Key)
..................................................................76, 78, 80
Time Vel Sens (EG Time Velocity Sensitivity) .......80
Time Velocity Sens
(EG Time Velocity Sensitivity) .........................75, 77
Timing Clock (F8H).............................................107
Tone Generator Block...........................................50
Transmit Ch (Basic Transmit Channel)...............102
tremolo..................................................................52
Tremolo & Rotary ..................................................60
Trigger Mode ........................................................68
Troubleshooting..................................................109
Tune..........................................................74, 85, 98
Type............................................68, 72, 76, 93, 103
Type (EQ Type) ....................................................81
Unit Multiply ......................................................... 67
USB TO HOST terminal ........................... 12, 17, 18
USB-MIDI driver................................................... 17
User Bank ...................................................... 27, 35
User LFO Cycle ................................................... 70
User LFO Slope ................................................... 70
User LFO Step Value 1 – 16 ................................ 71
User LFO Template ............................................. 71
User Memory ....................................................... 48
Utility .................................................................... 98
[UTILITY] button .................................................. 11
W
X
XA Control (Expanded Articulation Control) ........ 73
For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha
representative or the authorized distributor listed below.
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou
au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante.
NORTH AMERICA
CANADA
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario,
M1S 3R1, Canada
Tel: 416-298-1311
U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620,
U.S.A.
Tel: 714-522-9011
CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA
MEXICO
Yamaha de México S.A. de C.V.
Calz. Javier Rojo Gómez #1149,
Col. Guadalupe del Moral
C.P. 09300, México, D.F., México
Tel: 55-5804-0600
BRAZIL
Die Einzelheiten zu Produkten sind bei Ihrer unten aufgeführten
Niederlassung und bei Yamaha Vertragshändlern in den jeweiligen
Bestimmungsländern erhältlich.
Para detalles sobre productos, contacte su tienda Yamaha más cercana
o el distribuidor autorizado que se lista debajo.
ASIA
THE NETHERLANDS/
BELGIUM/LUXEMBOURG
Yamaha Music Europe Branch Benelux
Clarissenhof 5-b, 4133 AB Vianen, The Netherlands
Tel: 0347-358 040
FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France
BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Vallée Cedex 2, France
Tel: 01-64-61-4000
ITALY
Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A.
Combo Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate (Milano), Italy
Tel: 02-935-771
SPAIN/PORTUGAL
Yamaha Música Ibérica, S.A.
Ctra. de la Coruna km. 17, 200, 28230
Las Rozas (Madrid), Spain
Tel: 91-639-8888
ARGENTINA
Yamaha Music Latin America, S.A.
Sucursal de Argentina
Olga Cossettini 1553, Piso 4 Norte
Madero Este-C1107CEK
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: 011-4119-7000
PANAMA AND OTHER LATIN
AMERICAN COUNTRIES/
CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Latin America, S.A.
Torre Banco General, Piso 7, Urbanización Marbella,
Calle 47 y Aquilino de la Guardia,
Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá
Tel: +507-269-5311
EUROPE
THE UNITED KINGDOM/IRELAND
Yamaha Music U.K. Ltd.
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes,
MK7 8BL, England
Tel: 01908-366700
GERMANY
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
SWITZERLAND/LIECHTENSTEIN
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Branch Switzerland in Zürich
Seefeldstrasse 94, 8008 Zürich, Switzerland
Tel: 01-383 3990
Philippos Nakas S.A. The Music House
147 Skiathou Street, 112-55 Athens, Greece
Tel: 01-228 2160
SWEDEN
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J. A. Wettergrens Gata 1, Box 30053
S-400 43 Göteborg, Sweden
Tel: 031 89 34 00
CZECH REPUBLIC/SLOVAKIA/
HUNGARY/SLOVENIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH Branch Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien, Austria
Tel: 01-602039025
POLAND/LITHUANIA/LATVIA/ESTONIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Branch Sp.z o.o. Oddzial w Polsce
ul. 17 Stycznia 56, PL-02-146 Warszawa, Poland
Tel: 022-868-07-57
DENMARK
YS Copenhagen Liaison Office
Generatorvej 6A, DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark
Tel: 44 92 49 00
FINLAND
F-Musiikki Oy
Kluuvikatu 6, P.O. Box 260,
SF-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: 09 618511
Norsk filial av Yamaha Scandinavia AB
Grini Næringspark 1, N-1345 Østerås, Norway
Tel: 67 16 77 70
ICELAND
Skifan HF
Skeifan 17 P.O. Box 8120, IS-128 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: 525 5000
RUSSIA
INDIA
Yamaha Music India Pvt. Ltd.
5F Ambience Corporate Tower Ambience Mall Complex
Ambience Island, NH-8, Gurgaon-122001, Haryana, India
Tel: 0124-466-5551
PT. Yamaha Music Indonesia (Distributor)
PT. Nusantik
Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia
Tel: 21-520-2577
KOREA
Yamaha Music Korea Ltd.
8F, 9F, Dongsung Bldg. 158-9 Samsung-Dong,
Kangnam-Gu, Seoul, Korea
Tel: 080-004-0022
Yamaha Music Malaysia, Sdn., Bhd.
Lot 8, Jalan Perbandaran, 47301 Kelana Jaya,
Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 3-78030900
PHILIPPINES
Yupangco Music Corporation
339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, P.O. Box 885 MCPO,
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: 819-7551
Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd.
#03-11 A-Z Building
140 Paya Lebor Road, Singapore 409015
Tel: 747-4374
TAIWAN
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
3F, #6, Sec.2, Nan Jing E. Rd. Taipei.
Taiwan 104, R.O.C.
Tel: 02-2511-8688
THAILAND
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd.
4, 6, 15 and 16th floor, Siam Motors Building,
891/1 Rama 1 Road, Wangmai,
Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Tel: 02-215-2626
Yamaha Music (Russia)
Office 4015, entrance 2, 21/5 Kuznetskii
Most street, Moscow, 107996, Russia
Tel: 495 626 0660
OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: +49-4101-3030
AFRICA
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Sales & Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu,
Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2313
MIDDLE EAST
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Sales & Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu,
Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2313
OCEANIA
AUSTRALIA
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd.
Level 1, 99 Queensbridge Street, Southbank,
Victoria 3006, Australia
Tel: 3-9693-5111
NEW ZEALAND
TURKEY/CYPRUS
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH
Siemensstraße 22-34, 25462 Rellingen, Germany
Tel: 04101-3030
Yamaha Music Gulf FZE
LOB 16-513, P.O.Box 17328, Jubel Ali,
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Tel: +971-4-881-5868
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd.
11/F., Silvercord Tower 1, 30 Canton Road,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 2737-7688
SINGAPORE
NORWAY
OTHER COUNTRIES
HONG KONG
MALAYSIA
AUSTRIA
Yamaha Music Europe GmbH Branch Austria
Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien, Austria
Tel: 01-60203900
Yamaha Music & Electronics (China) Co.,Ltd.
2F, Yunhedasha, 1818 Xinzha-lu, Jingan-qu,
Shanghai, China
Tel: 021-6247-2211
INDONESIA
GREECE
Yamaha Musical do Brasil Ltda.
Rua Joaquim Floriano, 913 - 4' andar, Itaim Bibi,
CEP 04534-013 Sao Paulo, SP. BRAZIL
Tel: 011-3704-1377
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Music Works LTD
P.O.BOX 6246 Wellesley, Auckland 4680,
New Zealand
Tel: 9-634-0099
COUNTRIES AND TRUST
TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN
Yamaha Corporation,
Asia-Pacific Sales & Marketing Group
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu,
Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2313
HEAD OFFICE Yamaha Corporation, Digital Musical Instruments Division
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, Japan 430-8650
Tel: +81-53-460-2432
SY53
Yamaha Web Site (English)
http://www.yamahasynth.com/
Yamaha Manual Library
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/manual/
U.R.G., Digital Musical Instruments Division, Yamaha Corporation
© 2008 Yamaha Corporation
007MWTO-C0
WM96450 Printed in Japan