AJP PR5 250 Owner`s manual

AJP PR5 250
TRAIL / ENDURO / SUPERMOTO /
EXTREME
OWNER’S MANUAL
This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should
remain with the motorcycle when resold or otherwise transferred to a new owner or
operator. The manual contains important safety information and instructions that
should be read carefully before start operating the motorcycle
English version
AJP MOTOS, SA
AUGUST 2013
3rd Edition – REV1
! VERY IMPORTANT !
WE STRONGLY RECOMMEND YOU READ THIS MANUAL
CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY BEFORE GOING ON YOUR
FIRST RIDE. IT COINTAINS A GREAT DEAL OF INFORMATION
AND ADVICE, WHICH WILL HELP YOU USE AND HANDLE
YOUR BIKE PROPERLY. IN YOUR OWN INTEREST, PLEASE
PAY ATTENTION TO NOTICES THAT ARE MARKED AS
FOLLOWS:
! WARNING !
IGNORING THESE INSTRUCTIONS CAN ENDANGER YOUR
BODY AND YOUR LIFE, AS WELL AS OTHER PEOPLE`S LIFES.
! CAUTION !
IGNORING THESE INSTRUCTIONS COULD CAUSE DAMAGE TO
PARTS OF YOUR MOTORCYCLE OR THAT THE MOTORCYCLE
IS NO LONGER SAFE TO RIDE ANYMORE.
TAKE SPECIAL CARE TO FOLLOW THE RECOMMENDED RUN IN,
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE INTERVALS. FOLLOWING THESE
GUIDELINES WILL SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASE THE LIFE OF YOUR
MOTORCYCLE. BE SURE TO HAVE ANY MAINTENANCE JOBS
PERFORMED BY AN AUTHORIZED AJP DEALER.
PLEASE DON`T FORGET TO WEAR A HELMET, EYE PROTECTION AND
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING WHEN GOING FOR A RIDE.
WE WISH YOU A LOT OF FUN RIDING YOUR AJP!
AJP MOTOS, SA RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY ANY EQUIPMENT,
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS, COLOURS AND MATERIALS USED
WITHOUT PREVIOUS ANNOUNCEMENT AND WITHOUT GIVING
REASONS, OR TO CANCEL ANY OF THE ABOVE ITEMS WITHOUT
SUBSTITUTING THEM WITH OTHERS. IT SHALL BE ACCEPTABLE TO
STOP MANUFACTURING A CERTAIN MODEL WITHOUT PREVIOUS
ANNOUNCEMENT. IN THE EVENT OF SUCH MODIFICATIONS, PLEASE
CONTACT YOUR LOCAL AJP DEALER FOR INFORMATION. WE SHALL
NOT BE HELD LIABLE FOR ANY PRINTING ERRORS.
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CONSUMER INFORMATION
COMPONENTS LOCATION
CONTROLS LOCATION
CONTROLS
KEYS
IGNITION SWITCH / STEERING LOCK
DIGITAL SPEEDOMETER
LEFT HANDLEBAR
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
FUEL
FUEL TANK CAP
GEARSHIFT LEVER
REAR BRAKE PEDAL
SIDE STAND
SUSPENSION SET-UP
ENGINE OIL RECOMMENDATION
LIQUID COOLING
BREAK-IN (RUNNING-IN)
INSPECTIONS BEFORE RIDING
RIDING TIPS
ENGINE START
STARTING OFF
USING THE GEARBOX
BRAKING
STOPPING AND PARKING
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
MAINTENANCE WORK
LUBRICATION POINTS
CHECKING AND ADJUSTING THE STEERING HEAD BEARINGS
DRIVE CHAIN
BRAKES
FRONT WHEEL REMOVAL
REAR WHEEL REMOVAL
TIRES
SPOKE TIGHTNESS
BATTERY
FUSE
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT
AIR FILTER
THROTTLE CABLE
CLUTCH CABLE
ENGINE OIL
EXHAUST SYSTEM
MOTORCYCLE CLEANING
CONSERVATION FOR WINTER OPERATION
STORAGE PROCEDURES
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
1
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
7
7
7
8
10
10
12
12
14
14
15
15
15
16
17
18
19
19
19
20
21
25
25
26
27
27
27
28
28
29
30
30
32
32
33
33
34
ii
CONSUMER INFORMATION
ACCESSORY INSTALLATION AND
PRECAUTION SAFETY TIPS
There is some variety of accessories for
AJP motorcycles. AJP cannot have
direct control over the quality or
suitability of accessories you may want
to purchase. The addition of unsuitable
accessories can lead to unsafe
operating conditions. Please contact
your AJP dealer for assist you in
selecting accessories and install them
correctly.
! WARNING !
Improper
accessories
or
modifications can make your
motorcycle unsafe and can lead to
an accident. Never modify the
motorcycle with improper or poorly
installed accessories. Follow all
instructions in this owner’s manual
regarding
accessories
and
modifications. Consult your AJP
dealer if you have any questions.
Certain accessories displace the rider
from his normal position. This limits the
freedom of movement and may limit his
control ability.
Additional electric accessories may
overload the electric system. Severe
overloads may damage the wiring
harness or create a dangerous situation
due to the loss of electric power during
the operation of the motorcycle.
When carrying a load on the
motorcycle, mount it as low as possible
to the machine. An improperly mounted
load can create a high center of gravity
that is very dangerous and makes the
motorcycle difficult to handle. The size
of the load can also affect the
aerodynamics and handling of the
motorcycle. Balance the load between
the left and right sides of the motorcycle
and fasten it securely.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
SAFE RIDING RECOMMENDATIONS
FOR MOTORCYCLE RIDERS:
WEAR A HELMET
Motorcycle safety equipments starts
with a quality helmet. One of the most
serious injuries that can happen is a
head injury. ALWAYS wear a properly
approved helmet.
You should also wear suitable eye
protection.
RIDING APPAREL
Loose,
fancy
clothing
can
be
uncomfortable
and
unsafe
for
motorcycle riding. Choose good quality
motorcycle riding apparel when riding
your motorcycle. Wear gloves, strong
boots that fit over the ankle, long pants
and long sleeve shirt or jacket.
INSPECTION BEFORE RIDING
Review all the instructions in the
“INSPECTION
BEFORE
RIDING”
section in this manual. Do not forget to
perform an entire safety inspection to
ensure safety of the rider.
FAMILIARIZE YOURSELF WITH THE
MOTORCYCLE
Your riding skill and your mechanical
knowledge form the basis for safe
riding. We recommend you to practice
riding your motorcycle in an open area
without obstacles until you are familiar
with your motorcycle and its controls.
KNOW YOUR OWN LIMITS
Always ride within the limits of your
skills. Knowing your limits and keep
within are the foundation to avoid
accidents and injuries.
BE EXTRA SAFETY CONSCIOUS ON
BAD WEATHER DAYS OR BAD
ROAD CONDITIONS
Riding on bad weather days requires
extra attention. Braking distances
double in a rainy day. If you are not
sure about road conditions ride slower
and with double care!
Page 1
MODIFICATION
Modification of the motorcycle or
removal of original equipment may
render the vehicle unsafe or illegal.
Engine number
The engine number is stamped into the
left side of the engine below the engine
cylinder.
SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION
The frame and/or engine serial number
are used to register the motorcycle.
They are also used to assist your
dealer when ordering parts or referring
to special service information.
Frame number
Engine
number
Frame number is marked on the right
side of the steering head tube.
Frame
number
HOMOLOGATION PLATE
Homologation plate is placed on the left
side of the frame, between steering
stem and left frontal cover.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 2
COMPONENTS LOCATION
3
2
4
1
7
6
5
10
9
8
11
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Rear brake fluid reservoir
Air filter
Fuse
Spark plug
Oil cap
Rear brake pedal
Oil level glass
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
12
13
8
9
10
11
12
13
Battery
Fuel tank
Fuel tank cap
Gear lever
Footpeg
Side rest
Page 3
CONTROLS LOCATION
11
9
6
11
8
7
5
1
3
10
2
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Clutch lever
Blinker, lights, horn switch
Front brake lever
Starter button and On-Off switch
Neutral sign
Headlight sign
Turn light sign
Digital speedometer
Ignition switch
Throttle grip
Rear view mirrors
CONTROLS
OFF position - all electrical circuits are
cut off and the engine will not start. The
key can be removed.
ON position – the ignition circuit is on
and the engine can now be started. The
key cannot be removed from the
ignition switch.
! CAUTION !
To activate LOCK position, the
switch must be in OFF position, then
pushed down and turned to the left.
Handlebar should be turned all the
way to the left. If not, the switch will
not pass to LOCK position.
! CAUTION !
KEYS
This motorcycle comes with a pair of
keys. Be aware to keep one of the keys
in a safe place, at home for instance, in
order to let you access this key in case
of need.
IGNITION SWITCH / STEERING
LOCK
OFF
LOCK position – all electrical circuits
are cut off and the engine will not start.
The steering lock is actuated and the
handlebar cannot turn. The key can be
removed. To pass to lock position, the
switch must be in OFF position and the
pushed down and turned to the left. The
handlebar must be turned all the way to
the left.
ON
Don’t try to ride with the switch on
LOCK position. The steering is
locked and control of the motorcycle
is impossible.
Don’t turn the ignition key to LOCK
position while driving!
Note: Start engine as soon as you turn
key to ON position. Otherwise battery
will loose power due to the
consumption of the digital speedometer
and headlight and taillight, if turned on.
Don’t start engine with lights on to avoid
download motorcycles battery.
LOCK
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 4
3 – Lights off
In this position, no lights will be
switched on.
DIGITAL SPEEDOMETER
1
4 – Low beam on
In this position, low beam light will be
on in the headlight and presence light
will be on in the taillight.
Digital speedometer gives information
about instantaneous speed and total or
trip distance travelled. Depending on
the selling market, speed and distance
are indicated in Kilometres or miles. If
you want to switch between these units,
please contact your AJP dealer.
To switch from total to trip distance
push button 1. To reset trip distance the
trip distance must be selected; then
push button 1 until the distance is reset
to zero.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
5
5 – High beam on
In this position, high beam light will be
on in the headlight and presence light
will be on in the taillight.
6 – Turn sign on
Turning this button left, left turn lights
will be on. Turning right, right turn lights
will be on. To switch turn lights off,
place the button in middle position.
7 – Horn
To actuate horn, press this button.
! CAUTION !
In several countries, motorcycle
riding is only allowed with low beam
on!
Respect
your
national
legislation!
4
1
3
! CAUTION !
2
Turn lights are not switched off
automatically! Be aware to switch
turn lights off after turning or
overtaking! Otherwise you will give
wrong information about your riding
to other drivers!
6
7
1 – Clutch lever
The clutch lever is used for disengaging
the drive to the rear wheel when
starting the engine or shifting the
transmission gear. Squeezing the lever
disengages the clutch.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
2
2 – Parking light on
With the light knob in this position,
parking lights in the headlight and
taillight will be switched on.
3
1
4
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 5
1 – Throttle grip
Engine speed is controlled by the
position of the throttle grip. Rotate it
toward you to increase engine speed;
turn it away to decrease engine speed.
FUEL TANK CAP
2 – Front brake lever
Front brake is applied by squeezing
brake lever gently toward the throttle
grip.
Note: check that fuel cap is clear of dirt
or water in order to let cap breather to
work properly, avoiding injection
malfunction or engine to stop.
Turn the fuel tank cap (1) counterclockwise to open it. Turn clockwise to
close and tighten it securely.
3 – Electric start button
This button is used for turning the
starter motor. With the ignition switch in
the ON position, the transmission in
neutral, starter switch on, pull the clutch
lever and push the electric start button
to engage the starter motor and start
the engine.
4 – Emergency switch
This switch has two positions: to the left
enables engine running, to the right
stops engine running. Be aware that
this switch is switched ON for engine
starting.
! CAUTION !
If EMERGENCY SWITCH is not ON,
engine will not start! Start motor will
not be actuated!
FUEL
The PR5 250 LC engine needs
unleaded premium gasoline with an
octane number of 95 or higher. Never
use leaded fuel to avoid destroying
catalytic converter and the exhaust
system.
! WARNING !
Using not recommend fuel can
cause severe damages on engine!
Be sure to use only unleaded
gasoline with an octane index equal
or higher than 95!
1
! WARNING !
Gasoline is highly flammable and
poisonous. Extreme caution should
be used when handling gasoline.
Do not refuel motorcycle near open
flames or burning cigarettes.
Always switch off engine before
refuelling
Be careful not to spill gasoline on
the engine or exhaust pipe while the
engine is hot
Wipe up spills promptly.
If gasoline is swallowed or splashed
in the eyes, seek a doctor’s advice
immediately.
Keep children and pets away.
Do not fill fuel tank completely due
to increase of gasoline volume when
exposed to heat.
! CAUTION !
Once fuel tank is transparent, there
is not fuel indicator or light warning!
Control visually fuel level when you
start the motorcycle and when you
are riding for some time!
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 6
GEARSHIFT LEVER
SIDE STAND
PR5 250 has a 6-speed transmission.
Shift lever is mounted on the left side of
the engine. The position of the gears is
shown in the illustration. Neutral is
located between first and second gear.
Push the side stand to the ground with
your foot and load it with the
motorcycle. Make sure that you put the
motorcycle on solid ground and in a
secure position.
6
5
4
3
2
N
1
To shift properly, pull the clutch lever
and close the throttle at the same time
you operate gearshift lever. Lift the
lever to up-shift and depress to
downshift.
REAR BRAKE PEDAL
The foot brake pedal is placed in front
of the right footrest. Depressing the rear
brake pedal will apply the rear brake.
! WARNING !
Always check if you have folded
back the side stand before each
ride. If the side stand touches the
ground while you drive, you may
loose control of your motorcycle!
! CAUTION !
The side stand was designed only
for the weight of the motorcycle. If
you get on the motorcycle and thus
put additional weight, the side stand
or frame can be damaged and the
motorcycle may fall on the side!
! CAUTION !
! WARNING !
If opposition of hand brake lever or
rear brake pedal fells “spongy” (too
much give), this is an indication that
the brake system is not functioning
well. Don’t ride anymore your
motorcycle without first having the
brake system checked by an AJP
dealer!
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Park the motorcycle on solid level
ground to help prevent it from falling
over.
If you must park on a climb, aim the
front of the motorcycle uphill and put
the transmission into 1st gear to
reduce the chance of rolling off the
side stand.
Page 7
Front
Fork
Extreme
(Marzocchi 48mm)
SUSPENSION SET-UP
Front Fork Enduro and Supermoto
Set-up (Sachs 48mm)
To adjust rebound turn the inner screw
(1) clockwise to have a harder
response. Turn counter clockwise to
have a softer response.
Set-up
To adjust compression turn the inner
screw (1) clockwise to have a harder
response. Turn counter clockwise to
have a softer response.
1
1
2
2
To adjust spring load, turn adjusting nut
(2).
To adjust compression, turn the lower
screw
clockwise
(3)
for
more
compression; turn counter clockwise for
less compression.
To adjust middle speed, turn adjusting
nut (2).
To adjust rebound, turn the lower screw
clockwise (3) for more rebound; turn
counter clockwise for less rebound.
3
3
! WARNING !
Unequal suspension adjustment can
cause poor handling and loss of
stability.
Adjust the right and left front legs to
the same settings.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Front Fork Trail set-up
To adjust compression turn the inner
screw (1) on the left leg clockwise to
Page 8
have a harder response. Turn counter
clockwise to have a softer response.
1
2
To adjust rebound turn the screw (2) on
the right leg clockwise to have a harder
response. Turn counter clockwise to
have a softer response.
3
1
To adjust rebound, turn the screw
placed on the bottom of the shock
absorber (3) clockwise for more
rebound or counter clockwise for less
rebound.
2
Screw (3) placed on the lower end of
the legs of 40mm Marzocchi has no
adjusting function; it should only be
removed for front fork disassembly.
To adjust fast compression damping,
turn the knob (4) clockwise for more
rebound speed. To reduce rebound
speed turn counter clockwise.
To adjust low compression damping,
turn the screw (5) clockwise for more
rebound speed. To reduce rebound
speed turn counter clockwise.
4
5
3
Rear suspension adjustment
PR5 is equipped with a fully adjustable
shock absorber, except Trail version.
To adjust pre-charge loose first the
upper nut (1), then turn adjusting nut (2)
clockwise for more pre-charge or
counter clockwise for less pre-charge.
Standard set-up:
-
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Spring length: Enduro 205mm;
Supermoto 210mm
Fast compression: turn all to close
position (+) and then turn 12 clicks
to open (-)
Page 9
-
-
Low compression: turn all to close
position (+) and then turn 8 clicks to
open (-)
Rebound: turn all to close position
(H) and then turn 12 clicks to open
(S)
! WARNING !
Improper servicing of the rear shock
absorber assembly is dangerous.
The rear shock absorber contains
high-pressured gas and can explode
if improperly serviced.
Trail Version
PR5 Trail shock absorber only allows
spring pre-load.
surpass quality requirements of API
classes SF or SG:
Recommended oil type
Brand: ENI – Agip
Type: i-Ride Moto SAE 10W 50
Specifications: API SG JASO MA, MA2
Engine oil capacity: 1,7 litres
Oil level
Engine oil level can be checked in the
glass in front of rear brake pedal. Oil
level should be between the two lines in
the cover. If oil level is below the lower
line, refill immediately. If your engine is
losing oil, contact an AJP dealer
immediately.
To adjust spring pre-load, untighten
fixation bolt (1) of adjusting nut and turn
nut (2) left or right until obtain desired
spring load.
Máx
.
2
1
Min
.
! WARNING !
Insufficient oil or poor quality oil
results in premature wear of the
engine and may cause severe
damages!
LIQUID COOLING
RADIATORS
ENGINE OIL
RECOMMENDATION
AJP PR5 is equipped with two
radiators, placed in front, as shown in
picture.
Engine oil quality
Use a premium quality 4-stroke motor
oil to ensure longer service life of your
motorcycle. Use only oils that meet or
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 10
Recommended liquid:
Agip - SPEZIAL PERMANET – 40OC
Note: Antifreeze Coolant temperature
depends on the lower temperature that
motorcycle will operate. Choose an
anti-freezing coolant which resists to a
range of temperatures 5/10 ºC below
the minimum expected temperature in
Winter.
To check coolant level, never perform it
with a hot engine. Liquid in radiator is
under 1.1 bar of pressure and when the
cap is opened, liquid may spill off and
cause injuries and burns.
COOLANT LEVEL
Check frequently coolant level of
engine liquid cooling system.
Always perform coolant level control
with a cold engine.
! WARNING !
Never perform coolant level check
when engine is hot.
Coolant liquid may spill off and
cause injuries and burns.
To check coolant quantity, level the
motorcycle horizontally and vertically.
Take out the radiator cap (1), placed on
the left radiator and check if coolant
level is 5mm below the top (2).
To drain cooling liquid untighten the
screw (1) and collect coolant liquid to
an appropriate vessel.
1
1
After draining, fill radiators with
recommended coolant liquid.
2
! WARNING !
Never run engine without coolant
liquid or low level. Engine may
overheat and damage.
Radiator fan
If liquid level is below, fill with coolant
liquid until the mentioned level.
Quantity: 1 litre
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
AJP PR5 has a fan placed on the right
radiator. It is actuated once coolant
liquid temperature reaches 95ºC and
Page 11
shuts off when temperature goes down
to 80ºC.
lubricating oil to reach all critical engine
components.
Observe your first and most critical
service. The 1000 Kms service is the
most important service your AJP will
receive. Your motorcycle will be
checked carefully, injection system
controlled and updated, all adjustments
will be restored, all fasteners and
spokes will be tightened, dirty oil will be
replaced and oil filters cleaned.
! WARNING !
! WARNING !
Never cover front and/or rear sides
of radiators. This will impede heat
exchanging and cause overheating
of engine.
Note: Clean radiator fins to ensure a
perfect efficiency of radiators. If they
are dirty, heat exchange may not occur
and engine may overheat.
BREAK-IN (RUNNING-IN)
The following explains why is so
important proper break-in to achieve
maximum life and performance from
your new AJP.
Even very precisely machined sections
of engine components have rougher
surfaces than components that have
been sliding across one another for
quite some time; therefore, every
engine needs to be broken in during the
first 1,000Kms.
For this reason, do not load engine
more than 50% of its capacity during
the first 500 kilometres, avoiding fullthrottle. In the following 500 kilometres,
you may load the engine up to 75% of
its capacity, using the gearbox
frequently.
Allow sufficient idling time, about 1-2
minutes, after warm or cold engine start
up before applying load or revving the
engine. This allows time for the
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Incorrect break-in may cause severe
damage to your motorcycle or
significantly reduce your motorcycle
lifetime!
INSPECTIONS BEFORE
RIDING
Check the following before each
start
When you start off, the motorcycle must
be in perfect mechanical condition. For
safety reasons, you should make a
habit of performing an overall check
before each start.
The following checks should be
performed:
1 – Oil level. Insufficient oil quantity
results in premature wear in engine
components and damages in engine
itself.
2 - Fuel. Check there is enough fuel in
the tank;
3 - Drive chain. A loose chain can fall
from the chain wheels; an extremely
worn chain can tear and insufficient
lubrication can result in excessive wear
to the chain and chain wheels.
Excessive tensioning of the chain will
put additional load on the components
of the secondary drive train (chain,
bearings of transmission and rear
wheel). Aside from resulting premature
wear, the chain may even rupture or the
transmission axle may break.
4 - Tires. Check for cuts or dents and
replace tyres if necessary. The tread
Page 12
must also comply with legal regulations.
Check air pressure; insufficient tread
and incorrect air pressure deteriorate
driving performance.
5 - Brakes. Check correct functioning
of the braking system and brake fluid
level in both reservoirs. The reservoirs
have been designed in such a way that
brake fluid does not need to be refilled
even when brake pads are worn. If the
level of brake fluid falls below the
minimum value, this indicates a
possible leak or completely worn pads.
Manage for the brake system to be
checked by an AJP dealer, as complete
failure of the system can be avoided.
Also check status of the brake hoses
and the thickness of brake linings, as
well as free travel of hand brake lever
and foot brake pedal.
6 - Electric system. Check correct
functioning of headlamps, taillights,
brake lights, indicators, control lamps
and horn while the engine is running.
7 - Luggage. If you are taking any
luggage with you, check that it is
securely fastened.
8 – Steering – Check for smoothness,
no restriction on movement and no play
or looseness.
9 – Throttle – Check for correct play,
smooth operation and positive return to
the closed position.
10 – Clutch – Check for correct play,
smoothness and progressive action.
11 – Suspensions – Check
suspensions for smooth movement.
12 – Engine stop switch – Check for
correct function.
! WARNING !
Using worn, improperly inflated or
incorrect tires will reduce stability
and can cause an accident.
Follow all instructions in the TIRES
section.
! WARNING !
Wear suitable clothing when driving
a motorcycle. Never forget to wear a
helmet, gloves and boots, even in
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
short trips. Protective clothing
should be brightly coloured to make
you more visible to other drivers.
Always turn on the lights to make
sure that other drivers become
aware of you as early as possible.
Do not drive after having consumed
alcohol or drugs.
Use only original spare parts and
accessories.
Front and rear tires are allowed to
be fitted only with tires having the
same original profile type.
! WARNING !
Failure to run these inspections and
maintain your motorcycle properly
increases the chance of an accident
or equipment damage
Always perform a pre-ride inspection
before each ride. Refer to the list
behind for check items. For further
details, refer to the INSPECTION
AND MAINTENANCE section.
! WARNING !
Never ride your motorcycle with full
load or rev the engine when cold.
Because the piston is warming up
faster than the cylinder, it can
cause engine damage.
! WARNING !
Checking maintenance items when
the engine is running can be
hazardous. You could be severely
injured if your hands or clothing get
caught in moving parts!
! WARNING !
Observe traffic regulations and drive
defensively, trying to look ahead as
far as possible so that any hazards
can be recognized as early as
possible.
Adjust your driving speed according
Page 13
to the conditions and your driving
skills.
Drive carefully in unknown roads or
unfamiliar trials.
When driving off-road, always have
a friend on a second motorcycle to
make you company, so you can help
each other if some problem
happens.
Replace helmet visor or goggle lens
when scratched or damaged. If
bright light shines through a
scratched, the driver will be blinded.
In case of a fall, check all functions
thoroughly before start operating the
motorcycle.
Do not repair twisted handlebar:
Replace it immediately.
RIDING TIPS
Instructions for initial operation
- Verify if your AJP dealer performed a
previous preparation of the motorcycle.
- Read this manual carefully before you
ride.
- Familiarize yourself with all the
operating controls.
- Get used to the handling of the
motorcycle on an empty parking lot or
open space, before going for a longer
ride. Try also to drive as slow as
possible and in sitting position to
improve your feeling of the motorcycle.
- Hold the handlebar with both hands
and leave your feet on the footrests
while driving.
– Remove your foot from the brake
pedal when you are not braking. If the
brake pedal is not released the brake
pads will rub continuously and the
braking system will overheat.
- Do not make any changes to the
motorcycle and use always AJP original
spare parts for safety reasons.
- Motorcycles are sensitive to changes
in the weight distribution. If you are
taking any luggage with you, secure it
as close as possible to the middle of
the motorcycle, in order to distribute the
weight for both wheels.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
ENGINE START
1- Swing up the side stand and turn
the ignition key on.
2- Put the gear in neutral (the neutral
pilot lamp will light up).
3- Check if the emergency switch is
on running position.
4- Operate the electric start button
without throttle opening.
! CAUTION !
Never actuate electric starter for
more than 5 seconds and with
lights on. Wait at least 10 seconds
before trying again.
! WARNING !
Before you start off, check the side
stand has been fully swung up. If
the side stand drags on the ground,
the motorcycle goes out of control.
Always turn on the light to make
sure that other drivers become
aware of you as early as possible.
What to do when the engine is
“flooded”
In some particular conditions, some
extra fuel may go to the engine. If
engine “floods”, open throttle during 3
seconds before start engine; if engine
does not start, wait 10 seconds and try
again. After five trials, if engine does
not start, check spark plug, dry it and
try again. If engine does not start
replace spark plug for a new one.
! WARNING !
Do not start the engine or allow it to
idle in a closed area. Exhaust gases
are poisonous and can cause loss of
consciousness and even death.
Always provide adequate ventilation
while the engine is running.
Never leave engine running for a
more than 5 minutes while the
motorcycle is parked: engine will
overheat and severe damage may
occur.
Page 14
STARTING OFF
Pull the clutch lever and put the engine
into first gear. Slowly release the clutch
lever and open the throttle at the same
time.
USING THE GEARBOX
The first gear is referred as the drive or
uphill gear. Depending on the
conditions (traffic, hill size, etc.), you
can shift to a higher gear. Close
throttle, at the same time you pull clutch
lever and shift to the next higher gear.
Let clutch go again and give gas. If you
turned on the choke lever, make sure
you turn it off again as soon as engine
is warm.
When you reach full speed by opening
the throttle all the way, turn throttle
back to ¾; the speed hardly decreases
and the engine will use less fuel.
Only give as much gas as the engine
can handle. Through quick and high
revving of throttle, the fuel consumption
increases.
By shifting down, use the brakes if
necessary and close throttle at the
same time. Pull clutch lever and shift
down to the next gear. Let clutch lever
go slowly and open throttle or shift
down again.
! CAUTION !
High RPM rates when engine is
cold have an adverse effect on the
life of your engine. We recommend
you to run the engine in a
moderate RPM range for 5/10
Kilometers/miles giving it the
chance to warm up.
Never have the throttle wide open
when shifting down a gear. The
engine will over-rev, damaging the
valves.
If any abnormal vibrations occur
while driving, check that the engine
fastening bolts are tight. If it
remains contact an authorized AJP
dealer.
If you notice any unusual
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
operation-related noise while riding,
stop immediately, shut the engine
off and contact an authorized AJP
dealer.
Never start your motorcycle without
air filter in place, otherwise dust
and dirt may enter to the engine
and cause increased wear or
damage.
BRAKING
Apply both brakes at the same time
with the throttle closed. When driving
on sandy, wet or slippery ground use
mainly the rear brake. Avoid blocking
the wheels, otherwise you may skid or
fall; also you can change down to a
lower gear depending on your speed.
Use the braking effect of the engine
when driving downhill to assist the
brakes; change down one or two gears
but do not over-speed the engine. This
way, you will not need to use the
brakes so much and avoid overheating.
! WARNING !
In case of rain, after washing the
motorcycle, after rides through water
and wet off-roads tracks, wet or dirty
disc brakes can delay the braking
effect. Brakes must be then
actuated until disc brakes are dry or
clean.
Dirty brake discs cause increased
wear of brake pads and discs.
! WARNING !
Hard braking on wet, loose, rough or
other slippery surfaces can cause
wheel skid and loss of control.
Brake lightly and with care on
slippery or irregular surfaces.
! WARNING !
Hard braking while turning may
cause wheel skid and loss of
control.
Brake before you begin to turn.
Page 15
! WARNING !
Inexperienced riders tend to under
use front brake. This can cause
excessive stopping distance and
lead to a collision. Using only front
or rear brake can cause skidding
and loss of control.
Apply both brakes evenly and at the
same time.
! WARNING !
Each time you brake, brake discs,
pads, callipers and brake fluid heat
up. The hotter these parts get, the
weaker the braking effect; in
extreme cases, the entire braking
system can fail!
Note regarding side stand:
Push the side stand to the ground with
your foot and load it with the
motorcycle. Make sure that you put the
motorcycle on solid ground and in a
secure position. Just in case, you can
shift into first gear.
! CAUTION !
Side stand was designed only for
the weight of the motorcycle. If you
get on the motorcycle and thus put
additional weight, side stand or
frame can be damaged and the
motorcycle may fall on the side.
STOPPING AND PARKING
Apply the brakes fully and put the
engine into neutral. To turn off the
engine, apply the emergency off button
or turn the key to OFF position on the
ignition switch with the engine at idling
speed until the engine stops. Park on
an area where the ground is firm and
lock the motorcycle.
! WARNING !
Never leave your motorcycle without
supervision if the engine is running
or with children nearby.
Motorcycle engines produce a great
amount of heat when running.
Engine, exhaust pipe, muffler, brake
callipers and shock absorber can
become very hot. Do not touch any
of these parts after operating the
motorcycle or allow children to come
nearby.
Take care to park the motorcycle
where pedestrians are not likely to
touch it and get burned.
Never park your motorcycle in
places where there is fire hazards,
such as dry grass or other easily
flammable materials.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 16
INSPECTION AND
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
The list indicates intervals between
periodic services in Kilometres. At the
end of each interval, be sure to inspect,
check, lubricate and service as
instructed. If your motorcycle is used
under high stress conditions such as
continuous full throttle operation or is
operated in a dusty climate, certain
services should be performed more
often to insure reliability of motorcycle
as explained in maintenance section.
Your AJP dealer can provide you with
further guidelines.
Steering components, suspension and
wheel components are key items and
require very special and careful
servicing. For maximum safety we
suggest that you have these items
inspected and serviced by your
authorized AJP dealer.
! WARNING !
Improper maintenance or failure
performs
of
recommended
maintenance increases the chance
of accident or motorcycle damage.
Always follow inspection and
maintenance recommendations and
schedules in this owner’s manual.
Ask your AJP dealer to do the
maintenance items marked with an
asterisk (*). You may perform the
unmarked maintenance items by
referring to instructions in this
section, if you have mechanical
experience. If you are not sure how
to do any of the jobs, have your AJP
dealer to do them.
! CAUTION !
Using poor quality replacement
parts or materials can cause your
motorcycle to wear more quickly
and may shorten its useful life.
Use only genuine AJP replacement
parts.
! WARNING !
Do not start the engine or allow it to
idle in a closed area. Exhaust gases
are poisonous and can cause loss of
consciousness and even death.
Always provide adequate ventilation
while the engine is running.
! WARNING !
It is owner’s responsibility to assure
that motorcycle is serviced within
this periodic maintenance schedule.
AJP does not assume any damage
if maintenance is not performed as
schedule.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 17
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
AFTER FIRST 1.000 km – BREAK
IN
Replace spark plug;
Replace engine oil;
Check 3 oil filters. Clean and wet in
oil;
Check engine oil level;
Check air filter. Clean and wet in oil.
Check radiator anti-freeze liquid
level;
Check drive chain;
Check valve clearance;
Check correct functioning of: braking
system, spoke and wheel shaft
tightness; tire condition; clutch and
throttle cable; side stand; steering
stem
bearings;
suspensions;
exhaust; battery charge system;
electrical system components.
Check fuel pump connections and
fuel feed hoses.
Check injection system functioning.
EACH 500 km OR MONTH
Check oil level and refill if
necessary;
Check anti freezing liquid on the left
radiator;
Check, adjust, clean and lubricate
drive chain.
EACH 3.000 km OR 6 MONTHS
Check
fuel
injection
system
functioning;
Check throttle body and its sensors;
Check valve clearance;
Check timing chain;
Replace spark plug;
Replace engine oil;
Clean engine oil filters;
Check engine oil level;
Check air filter. Clean and wet in oil;
Check radiators and water tubes of
engine cooling system;
Check anti freezing liquid on the left
radiator;
Check radiator fan functioning;
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Check, adjust, clean and lubricate
drive chain;
Check fuel pump connections on
fuel tank and fuel system hoses;
Check condition and functioning of
several component of electrical
system;
Check battery. Control voltage with
or without charge;
Adjust and lubricate throttle cable;
Adjust and lubricate clutch cable;
Check brake pads,
Check brake fluid level;
Check braking system functioning
and stop switches;
Check tires condition;
Check spoke tightness;
Check wheel bearings;
Check side stand functioning;
Check steering functioning;
Check suspensions functioning;
Check exhaust: condition, leaks and
noise level;
Check tightness of bolts, nuts,
clamps of diverse components.
EACH 6.000 km OR 12 MONTHS
Perform operations indicated for
each 3.000 km, plus:
Replace spark plug;
Replace air filter;
Check functioning of fuel cap valve;
Lubricate steering stem bearings;
Lubricate rear suspension links;
Lubricate swing arm bearings.
EACH 12.000 km OR 24 MONTHS
Perform operations indicated for
each 3.000 and 6.000 km, plus:
Replace brake fluids;
Replace front fork seals;
Replace front fork oil;
Replace drive chain.
Page 18
MAINTENANCE WORK
! WARNING !
Improper maintenance or failure
performs
of
recommended
maintenance increases the chance
of accident or motorcycle damage.
Always follow inspection and
maintenance recommendations and
schedules in this owner’s manual.
Ask your AJP dealer to do the
maintenance items marked with an
asterisk (*). You may perform the
unmarked maintenance items by
referring to instructions in this
section, if you have mechanical
experience. If you are not sure how
to do any of the jobs, have your AJP
dealer to do them.
LUBRICATION POINTS
Proper lubrication is important for
smooth operation and long life of each
working part of your motorcycle and
also for safe riding. It is a good practice
to lubricate the motorcycle after a long
rough ride and after getting in snow,
wet, mud or after washing it. Major
lubrication points are indicated.
CHECKING AND ADJUSTING THE
STEERING HEAD BEARINGS (*)
1
2
3
! CAUTION !
When cleaning your motorcycle, do
not use a high-pressure cleaning
unit, otherwise water will penetrate
bearings,
carburettor,
electric
connectors, etc.
When transporting your AJP,
ensure that it is held upright with
restraining straps.
Use only special screws with an
appropriate thread length supplied
by AJP to fix fuel tank. Using other
screws or longer ones can cause
cracks in the tank through which
fuel can flow out.
Let your motorcycle cool down
before beginning any maintenance
work in order to avoid get burned.
Remove oil, grease matters, filters,
fuel, washing detergents, etc,
orderly.
Under no circumstances may used
oil be disposed off in the sewage
system or in the open countryside.
Remember: 1 litre of used oil
contaminates 1.000.000 litres of
water!
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Check steering head bearings for play
periodically.
For
check
place
motorcycle on a stand so that the front
wheel is off the ground. Try to move the
fork forward and backward. For
readjusting, loosen top nut (2) and the
four bolts (1) of the top triple clamp and
turn steering stem bolt (3) clockwise
until there is no more play. Don’t tighten
the steering stem bolt (3) all the way;
otherwise the bearings will be
damaged. With a plastic hammer,
lightly rap on the triple clamp to release
tension and retighten the bolts. Then
tight top nut (2) and the top triple clamp
screws (1).
Steering head bearings should be
greased at least once a year.
! WARNING !
If steering head bearings are not
adjusted to be free of play or too
tight, the motorcycle will become
unstable and can get out of control.
Page 19
! CAUTION !
If you drive with play in the steering
head bearings for long periods,
bearings and subsequently bearing
seats in the frame will be
destroyed.
15 – 30 mm
Cleaning the dust sleeves of the
telescopic fork
1
The dust protection gaskets (1) are to
remove dust and coarse dirt particles
from the fork tube. However, after some
time, dirt may also get behind the dust
protection gasket. If this dirt is not
removed, the oil sealing rings located
behind it may start to leak.
Use a screwdriver to lever the dust
protection bellows out of the outer
tubes and slide them downward.
Clean dust protection gaskets, outer
tubes and fork tubes thoroughly, and
lubricate them with silicone spray or
engine oil; then push dust-protection
gaskets into the outer tubes by hand.
DRIVE CHAIN
Drive chain adjustment
The chain slack must be of 15-30mm,
at the mid point between the chain
buffer and the rear sprocket.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
To adjust the drive chain, follow the
procedure bellow:
1
3
2
1 - Place the motorcycle on the side
stand
2 - Loose axle nut (1)
3 – Loose fixing nuts on both sides (2)
4 – Regulate adjuster screws (3) until
the chain has 15-30mm of slack. At the
same time that the chain is being
adjusted, the rear sprocket must be
kept in perfect alignment with the front
sprocket. Align both right and left
adjusters by the reference marks on
swing arm. If they are not visible,
measure distance between adjusters
and wheel shaft and adjust them on the
same position.
5 - Re-tighten the axle nut securely and
tighten fixing nuts (2).
6- Recheck the chain slack after
tightening, lubricate and adjust if
necessary.
Page 20
! WARNING !
Excessive tensioning of the chain
will put additional load on the
components of the secondary drive
chain (chain, bearings and rear
wheel).
Aside
from
resulting
premature wear, chain may rupture
or transmission countershaft may
break.
On the other hand, too much slack
in the chain can result in chain
jumping off the chain wheels. If this
happens, chain could also block rear
wheel or damage the engine.
In either case, operator is likely to
loose control of the motorcycle.
BRAKES
Brake pads
Brake pads used on front and rear
brake provide an optimal combination
of power, brake performance and
lifecycle.
Brake discs
Drive chain maintenance
A good maintenance is very important
for long chain life. Chains without orings should be cleaned in fireproof
solvent regularly and afterwards treated
with hot grease or chain spray. On the
other hand, o-ring chains are very
simple to clean. The best way is to use
lots of water but never use brushes or
cleaning liquids. After letting the chain
dry completely, use a chain spray to
lubricate it.
Also check sprockets and chain guides
for wear and replace if necessary.
! WARNING !
No lubrication should be allowed to
reach rear tyre or rear brake disc,
otherwise road adherence and rear
wheel braking effects will be
strongly
reduced
and
the
motorcycle can easily get out of
control.
! CAUTION !
When mounting chain master link
clip, the closed side of the master
link must point in the running
direction.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Due to wear, the thickness of brake
discs in the area of the contact face (1)
of the brake pads decreases. At their
thinnest point (A), the brake discs must
not be more than 0.50mm thinner than
the pads nominal thickness. Measure
the nominal thickness in a location (B)
outside the contact face and check for
wear in several locations.
! WARNING !
For your own safety, have the
brake discs replaced immediately
as soon as they reach wear limit (3
mm thickness).
Have any repairs on brake system
performed by an AJP authorized
dealer.
Brake fluid reservoirs
Brake fluid reservoirs have been
designed in such a way that even if the
brake pads are worn it is not necessary
to refill brake fluid. If brake fluid level
drops below the minimum level, either
the brake system has a leak or the
brake pads are completely worn.
Page 21
In this case, consult an authorized AJP
dealer immediately.
Refilling front brake fluid reservoir
(*)
Brake fluid
AJP fills the brake systems with DOT 4
brake fluid.
Recommended brake fluid:
AGIP Brake Fluid DOT4
! WARNING !
Change brake fluid at least once
each two years. If you wash your
motorcycle often, brake fluid should
be changed even more often (once
a year), as brake fluid tends to
absorb water. Therefore, vapour
pockets may form on “old” brake
fluids even at low temperatures,
causing brake system to fail.
Checking the brake fluid level – front
brake
Brake fluid reservoir is linked with the
hand brake cylinder at the handlebar
and the reservoir is provided with an
inspection glass (1). With the reservoir
in horizontal position, the brake fluid
level should not drop below the middle
of the glass.
Loosen screws (1), remove lid (2) and
membrane (3). Place hand brake
cylinder in a horizontal position and fill
the brake fluid reservoir up to the MAX
mark with clean brake fluid DOT 4.
Replace membrane, lid and tighten
screws if damaged. Clear off spilled or
overflowing brake fluid with water.
! WARNING !
Store brake fluid out of reach of
children.
Brake fluid can cause skin irritation.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. If
you get brake fluid in your eyes,
clear with plenty of water and
consult a doctor.
1
! CAUTION !
Don’t let brake fluid get in contact
with paint; it is an effective paint
remover.
Use only clean brake fluid from a
sealed
or
hermetic
closed
container.
! WARNING !
If brake fluid level drops below
minimum either brake system has a
leak or the brake pads are
completely worn. In this case,
consult an authorized AJP dealer
immediately.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Checking front brake pads
The front brake pads can be inspected
from below. The linings must have at
least 1 mm thickness.
Page 22
1
Clean the brake calliper and calliper
support with compressed air. Check the
sleeves of the guide bolts for damage
and grease guide bolts if necessary.
Mount both brake pads and then insert
the clips the right way, to allow brake
pads to jump off or lose, in order to
avoid accidents.
Tight the pegs over the clips at the front
calliper (if exist in the model).
Press brake lever several times until
brake gets tough and certify that front
wheel spins freely.
! WARNING !
! WARNING !
At their most worn point brake pad
linings should not be thinner than
1mm, otherwise can lead to braking
failure.
! WARNING !
If brake pads are replaced too late
so that the lining is partly or entirely
worn, steel components of brake
pad will rub against brake disc,
thereby reducing braking effect and
destroying brake disc.
Keep brake discs free from oil and
fatty materials; otherwise braking
effect will be strongly reduced.
Having performed any work on the
braking system, one must always
actuate hand brake lever or foot
brake pedal, to ensure that brake
pads will fit against brake disc and
pressure is established.
Changing the basic position of the
brake pedal
Replacing front brake pads
Remove calliper assembly away front
fork, unscrewing screws (1). Press the
brake calliper away from brake disc to
put the brake piston in its basic
position. Remove clips and the brake
pads from the calliper.
1
1
Free play can be changed by turning
piston (1).
Measured on the outside, the foot brake
pedal must have 3 to 5 mm of free play,
before the piston rod can move the
piston in the rear brake cylinder.
Checking rear brake fluid level
The reservoir for the rear disc brake is
integrated in brake pump, placed in the
right side of the engine, near exhaust
pipe.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 23
Brake fluid level must not drop below
the “MIN” marking when the vehicle is
in an upright position.
! CAUTION !
If free play is not present, then
pressure can build up in the brake
system when driving, causing rear
wheel to brake. Brake system can
overheat and may even completely
fail in extreme cases.
Don’t ride with foot pressing rear
brake pedal.
Refilling
reservoir
the
rear
brake
fluid
Unscrew the cap (1), diaphragm and
add brake fluid DOT 4 until it reaches
the MAX mark, then place diaphragm
and cap back on. Clear off spilled or
overflowing brake fluid with water.
children.
Brake fluid can cause skin irritation.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. If
you get brake fluid in your eyes,
clear with plenty of water and
consult a doctor.
! WARNING !
If brake fluid level drops below the
minimum or brake system has a
leak or brake pads are completely
worn. In this case, consult an
authorized dealer immediately.
! WARNING !
If brake pads are replaced too late
so that the lining is partly or entirely
worn, steel components of brake
pad will rub against brake disc,
thereby reducing braking effect and
destroying brake disc.
! CAUTION !
1
Don’t place brake fluid in contact
with paint; it is a powerful paint
remover
Use only clean break fluid or from a
sealed container
Replacing the rear brake pads
Checking the rear brake pads
The brake pads can be inspected from
the rear. The thickness of the linings
cannot be less than 1mm.
Remove the rear wheel – see “REAR
WHEEL REMOVAL” and with a
screwdriver push the brake pads to
move the piston into its basic position.
Remove clip (1) and then remove brake
pads from the calliper. Clean the brake
calliper thoroughly with compressed air,
insert brake pads and secure them with
the clip. Then place rear wheel back on.
! WARNING !
At their most worn point brake pad
linings should not be thinner than
1mm, otherwise can lead to brake
failure.
1
! WARNING !
Store brake fluid out of reach of
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 24
FRONT WHEEL REMOVAL
Front wheel mounting
Front wheel dismounting
To remove the front wheel, jack the
motorcycle up on its frame so that the
front wheel no longer touches the
ground.
Loosen the two screws (1) on left leg of
front fork, unscrew front axle (2), hold
the wheel and remove front axle.
Remove front wheel carefully from the
fork.
If it is necessary to remove it, measure
with a caliper the distance out of axle
holder, in order to place it correctly later
in assembly.
Place front wheel between front fork
sleeves in a way that brake disc is
between brake pads.
Tight front axle and tight fixation
screws.
Check if front wheel rotates freely
without any restrain.
! WARNING !
After mounting front wheel, actuate
hand brake lever until pressure
point is established.
Keep brake discs free from oil and
fatty materials, otherwise braking
effect will be strongly reduced.
REAR WHEEL REMOVAL
Dismounting rear wheel
1
2
Note: threaded bush (3) of front wheel
should not be untighten or removed
front right leg, once that is the part that
determines the position of front wheel
on the front fork.
Jack the motorcycle up on its frame so
that the rear wheel no longer touches
the ground. Loosen the collar nut (1) in
the right side, hold the rear wheel and
pull out the wheel spindle (2) by the left
side until the rear wheel is free but the
brake calliper support is still held in the
swing arm.
Push the rear wheel as far forward as
possible, take out the chain from the
rear sprocket and carefully remove the
wheel carefuly from the swing arm.
3
2
! CAUTION !
Do not operate hand brake lever
when front wheel has been
removed.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
1
3
Mounting rear wheel
To mount rear wheel, follow the above
procedure in reverse order, being
careful to place the brake disc correctly
Page 25
between the brake pads. Make sure
that rear wheel guides are touching rear
wheel adjusters (3) and that both have
same setting.
pressure ensures optimum driving
comfort and extends the life of your
tyres.
! WARNING !
Model
After mounting rear wheel, operate
brake pedal until pressure point is
established.
Keep brake discs free from oil and
fatty materials, otherwise braking
effect will be strongly reduced.
Tighten the collar nut with required
torque. A loose wheel spindle may
lead to unstable behaviour of your
motorcycle.
MX
MX PRO
! CAUTION !
Do not operate rear brake pedal
when rear wheel has been
removed.
Make sure brake disc is always on
top when you lay down the wheel,
otherwise brake disc can be
damaged.
If axle is dismounted, clean the
thread of the wheel spindle and
apply a new coat of grease to
prevent thread from jamming.
TIRES
Tires, air pressure
Tire type, its condition and air pressure,
affect the way your motorcycle
behaves; therefore, they must be
checked whenever you are getting
ready to go anywhere on your
motorcycle.
- Tire size can be found in the technical
specifications
and
registration
documents.
- Before leaving, check tires for
punctures and nails or other sharp
objects that might have become
embedded in them. Refer to specific
regulations in your country for minimum
tire tread requirements.
- Tire pressure should be checked
regularly on a “cold” tyre. Proper
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Only driver
Only driver
Enduro
Enduro PRO
Supermoto
Supermoto
PRO
Front
Rear
Front
Rear
Front
Pressure
in bar
(psi)
1.5(21)
1.5(21)
1.5(21)
1.75(25)
1.5(21)
Rear
1.75(25)
Front
Rear
Front
1.75(25)
2.0(28)
1.75(25)
Rear
2.25(32)
Tire
Driver +
passenger
Only driver
Driver +
passenger
These pressure values are indicated for
road use. For an off-road use on
Enduro or Extreme versions, we
recommend a lower pressure, to assure
traction. In these conditions, we
recommend 1,0 bar (14 psi) in both
tires.
Please consider that these are
indicative values and that correct
pressure depends on the ground where
you drive.
! WARNING !
Do not mount tires that are not
approved by AJP. Other tires could
have adverse effects on the way
your motorcycle behaves.
Front and rear wheels may only be
fitted with tires having same layout.
Use homologated tires.
For your own safety replace
damaged tires immediately.
Worn tires can have a negative
effect on how your motorcycle
performs,
especially on
wet
surfaces.
If air pressure is too low, abnormal
wear and overheating of tire can
result.
Page 26
SPOKE TIGHTNESS
Checking spoke tension
Correct spoke tension is very important
for the stability of the wheels and thus
for riding safety. A loose spoke causes
the wheel to become unbalanced and
before long other spokes will have
come loose. Check spoke tension,
especially on a new motorcycle, in
regular intervals. If necessary, have the
spokes retightened and the wheel to
correct by an AJP dealer.
! WARNING !
Spokes can tear if you continue to
ride with them loose. This may lead
to an unstable handling of your
motorcycle.
! WARNING !
If electrolyte (sulphuric acid) leaks
from battery, proceed with great
care. Electrolyte can cause severe
burns.
In case of skin contact, clear
thoroughly with water.
In case of contact with eyes,
thoroughly apply them water for at
least 15 minutes and immediately
consult a doctor.
Battery is a closed model (MF) but
can nevertheless emit explosive
gases. Avoid sparks and open fire
near the battery
Defected batteries must be stored
out of reach of children. Ensure
proper disposal of discarded
batteries.
BATTERY
Battery has a closed system and
therefore requires no maintenance
(MF). It is not necessary to check the
electrolyte level or to refill water; simply
keep the battery poles clean and
slightly greased with acid-free grease if
necessary.
To access battery, remove the front left
plastic cover.
To remove the battery, first disconnect
the negative (- pole) and then the
positive pole (+ pole) of the battery and
then unhitch rubber band.
When replacing, connect first the
positive and then the negative pole.
When preparing the motorcycle for a
longer period of standstill, remove the
battery and recharge it every month in a
slow charge. Storage temperature: 035ºC. Do not expose it to direct sun
radiation.
! CAUTION !
Never reverse polarity, otherwise
battery and rectifier-regulator will
be destroyed
Never disconnect battery while
engine is running. This will destroy
the rectifier-regulator.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
FUSE
The fuse is disposed underneath the
seat, close to air filter box. Having
removed the seat you will be able to
see the fuse.
1
Fuse capacity is 20A (yellow) for the
electric system, 15A (blue) for injection
system and 15A (blue) for spare. Keep
always a spare fuse on the fuse holder,
for any emergency case.
Plastic covers must be kept perfectly
fitted at their holder to avoid losing a
fuse.
Page 27
Replace a blown fuse only with an
equivalent one. If a new fuse that has
just been set in gets blown again, you
are strongly advised to have it
inspected by an AJP dealer.
mount rubber cap and connector.
Reinsert parking light lamp together
with holder and fix the mask by means
of the rubber bands.
Use only 12V25/35W BA20d lamps.
! CAUTION !
Under no circumstances is a
stronger fuse allowed to be set in
or a fuse to be “repaired”. An
inexpert treatment could damage
the whole electrical installation.
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT
Replacing headlight lamp
Loosen both rubber bands (1) and tilt
headlight mask to the front.
Replacing parking lamp
Remove lamp holder out of glass, press
and rotate counter clockwise to remove
lamp.
Install a new lamp on the bush and
place it on the mirror of headlight glass.
1
Remove
rubber
protection,
lose
retaining clip and remove gently lamp
holder out of headlight glass.
Press lamp inside, rotate it counter
clockwise and remove it away from
holder.
Taillight
Note: rear light is a set of LEDs and
does not allow for replacing, because
they are unchangeable. In the event of
a presence or stop light failure, it is
necessary to replace all the rear spoiler
assembly.
AIR FILTER
Cleaning air-filter
A dirty air filter restricts airflow rate,
reduces the engine performance and
increases fuel consumption, therefore
clean it in regular intervals.
For this purpose, remove drivers seat,
by unscrewing to screw (1) inside the
rear fender and pull it in to rear
direction. Then remove air filter’s cover
by unscrewing fixation screw (2).
When placing a new lamp, do not touch
the glass body of the lamp so it remains
free from fat. Engage retaining clip and
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 28
! WARNING !
Do not clean air-filter with fuel or
petroleum since these will damage
the foam.
Keep air filter clean and lubricated
(oil wet) to assure a more effective
protection to engine cylinder.
Never start your motorcycle without
air filter, otherwise dust or dirt may
penetrate in the engine and cause
damage or severe wear.
THROTTLE CABLE
Throttle grip and cable must be cleaned
and lubricated often, if motorcycle is
used or ride frequently off road (wet or
dusty areas), to keep a smooth
functioning.
Thoroughly wash the air-filter in special
cleaning fluid and allow it to dry well. Oil
the dry air filter with high-grade filter oil
and clean the air filter box.
For extra security, apply grease on the
back side of the filter, which mates with
air filter box.
Mount the filter together with the filter
bracket and fix them with the rubber
washer and the screw.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Adjusting throttle cable
The throttle grip should always provide
for a backlash of 2-6mm, measured in
the adjusting screw outside the throttle
grip. Besides, with the engine running,
the idling speed must not change if you
turn the handlebar all the way to the left
or right.
To adjust throttle cable, draw back dust
protection, loosen the counter nut (1)
and
turn
the
adjusting
screw
accordingly (2). Tighten the counter nut
and check whether the throttle grip can
be actuated smoothly
Page 29
Máx
.
Min
.
2
1
.
CLUTCH CABLE
Clutch cable must have 10-20 of free
play. Clutch functioning should not be
affected if handlebar is turned
completely left or right.
Keep clutch cable always clean.
Lubricate with grease at the contact
area of lever and tuner for a smooth
functioning.
ENGINE OIL
! CAUTION !
Engine oil level should be checked
daily or before any ride.
If necessary you should add oil to
keep always oil level between
maximum and lower mark.
Use only branded oils for four stroke
engines, meeting or surpassing the
quality requirements of API classes SG:
Brand: ENI – Agip
Type: i-Ride Moto SAE 10W 50
Specifications: API SG JASO MA, MA2
Engine oil capacity: 1,7 litres
! WARNING !
Insufficient engine oil or poor
quality may cause severe damage
to the engine.
Never operate your motorcycle with
low engine oil level or with nonadequate engine oil quality.
Changing engine oil
Engine oil has to be changed with the
engine being at operating temperature.
Checking engine oil level
Place the motorcycle in an upright
position and on a horizontal surface.
The engine oil level can be checked
through the oil glass level. If the engine
is warm, the oil level should be near the
MAX mark.
! CAUTION !
If oil level drops quickly, do not
operate your motorcycle. Take your
motorcycle to an authorized AJP
dealer immediately, to a full check
of engine.
! CAUTION !
An engine at operating temperature
and engine oil it contains are very
hot. Please take all cares to avoid
burning yourself.
Note: Change engine oil with a warm
engine and to assure complete
draining, motorcycle should tilt to the
left, supported by the side stand;
If engine is not warm, start engine and
let it idle for 5 minutes;
Engine oil quality
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 30
Remove oil drain plug (1) placed at the
lower part of crankcase and the sealing
washer;
2
1
1
Clean main oil filter and cover and blow
with compressed air.
Drain oil to an appropriate container in
a way to avoid spill to the ground;
OIL DRAINING PLUG
This plug is located below the engine,
at left crankcase, near the frame tube.
Place a container to collect used oil
below engine; remove plug with a
17mm key, without losing sealing
washer;
Wash magnetic plug with a solvent and
clean it with compressed air to take out
existing burrs.
Check if sealing washer is damaged
and replace it if necessary;
Place a new sealing washer on the plug
and tight it to the specified torque in
order to avoid damaging crankcase
thread.
Torque: 25 N.m (2,5 Kgf.m)
Note: if necessary, apply Teflon on
magnetic plug threads to assure a
perfect tightness.
Place the motorcycle on a horizontal
surface, remove the plug and allow the
oil to drain into a receptacle. Never
drain used oil to the ground, waste,
water lines or sewage.
Check sealing O-ring and replace it if
necessary.
! WARNING !
To avoid damaging engine due to
insufficient lubrication, it is very
important to assure that main oil filter
is placed in the right position – the end
with the hole must face inside engine
crankcase.
Install main oil filter in the right position,
then install its cover and tight it with two
M5x16 bolts.
Remove
plugs/covers
of
both
secondary oil draining filters (2), one on
the left crankcase, other on the right
crankcase and if necessary, remove
filters with a plier.
Wash and clean plugs/covers with orings and secondary oil filters (plastic
tubular) and blow with compressed air
to clean them. Check sealing O-rings
and replace them if necessary.
Once all oil is out, clean sealing
surface, install draining plug con
sealing washer below the left crankcase
and tight with the specified torque to
avoid damaging the thread on the
crankcase.
OIL FILTERS
Remove main oil filter cover (1), below
right crankcase and remove main oil
filter with a plier.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Torque:
Oil draining plug: 25 N.m (2,5 Kgf.m);
Secondary oil filters plugs/covers:
25 N.m (2,5 Kgf.m);
Main oil filter cover bolts: 8 N.m (0,8
Page 31
! CAUTION !
Kgf.m)
Note:
Certify yourself that main oil filter is
placed in the right position
Oil filter end with the hole must be
facing inside the engine.
Tight aluminum plug gently, to avoid
damaging the thread on the crankcase.
Remove cover (1) and fill with 1.7 liters
of recommended engine oil.
1
Start the engine, let it idle for about two
minutes and check for leaks.
Finally, check the engine oil level and, if
necessary, correct it.
EXHAUST SYSTEM
Requires regular maintenance, the
more frequent and severe is the riding
of your motorcycle. The silencer fibre in
is interior should be replaced each
3.000 Km or 50 hours of use. If not,
noise level will reach illegal and
disturbing levels.
MOTORCYCLE CLEANING
Clean your motorcycle often in order to
maintain the beauty of its plastic
surfaces and avoid corrosion. The best
manner would be to use warm water
(30-35º) that has been mixed with a
normal brand-name washing detergent
and a sponge. The hard dirt can be
removed before washing with the help
of a soft water jet.
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
When washing your motorcycle
never direct a high pressure jet to
some
sensitive
points
of
motorcycle, such as electronic
components (ECU, throttle body
sensors), switches, relays, electric
connectors, headlight lamps, air
filter, control cables, radiators,
muffler
hole,
steering
stem
bearings, wheel bearings, etc. If
water
penetrates
on
those
components (or too much dust)
oxidation or corrosion might occur,
bad electric contact, causing
motorcycle malfunctions or even
leading to premature destruction of
those components.
- Use regular brand-name detergents to
clean the motorcycle. Especially dirty
parts should be cleaned additionally
with the help of a paintbrush.
- Before cleaning with water, plug the
exhaust pipe to prevent water going
inside.
- After the motorcycle has been cleaned
with a soft water jet, it should be dried
with air pressure and a cloth. Take a
short drive until the engine has reached
the working temperature and also use
the brakes. By warming these
components, the residual water can
evaporate from inaccessible parts of
engine and brakes.
- Once the motorcycle has cooled
down, oil or grease all sliding and
bearing points; lubricate chain with
chain spray.
- To avoid any malfunction of the
electric system, you should treat
emergency off button, light switch and
socket connectors with a contact spray.
CONSERVATION FOR
WINTER OPERATION
In the event that the motorcycle is also
used in winter and on roads where one
has to expect salt spraying, you will
have to take precautions against the
aggressive road salt.
Page 32
- Clean motorcycle thoroughly and let it
dry after each riding.
- Treat engine, swing arm and all other
bare galvanized parts (except for brake
discs) with a wax-based anti-corrosion
agent.
- Fill up the tank with fresh fuel.
- Check motorcycle as before each start
(see DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS)
- Take a short, careful test ride first and
check all of your motorcycle systems.
STORAGE PROCEDURES
Should you desire to make a pause
over a long period of time (more than
one month), please observe the
following instructions:
- Clean the motorcycle thoroughly (see
CLEANING).
- Change engine oil.
- Remove spark plug and fill in approx.
5ccm of engine oil into the cylinder
through the opening. Actuate engine
start button in order to distribute the oil
into the cylinder walls and mount the
spark plug.
- Remove the fuel into an appropriate
container.
- Correct the tyre pressure.
- Lubricate pivot points of control levers,
foot rests, etc. as well as the chain.
- Lubricate shock absorber linkage.
- Disconnect battery (see BATTERY)
- Storage place should be dry and not
subject to excessive temperature
fluctuations. – Cover the motorcycle
with a blanket. Do not use air
impermeable materials as a possible
humidity might not be able to escape
and could cause corrosion.
! CAUTION !
Don’t let engine run for a short time
period (less than 5 minutes).
Engine would not get warmed
enough and developed water
vapour would condensate when
cooling, causing valve and exhaust
corrosion
RE-INITIATION AFTER STORAGE:
- Mount the charged battery (check
polarity).
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
Page 33
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Engine
Type
Displacement
Bore x stroke
Power
Torque
Carburettor
Start
Gearbox
PR5 250 LC
1 Cylinder, 4 strokes, SOHC, 4 Valves
3
249 cm
77 x 53,6 mm
20,2KW (27,5 cv) / 8.000 r.p.m.
23,0 N.m / 7.000 r.p.m.
Delphi Electronic Fuel Injection 34 mm
Electric
6 speeds
Cooling
Cooling liquid capacity
Liquid cooling (two radiators)
1 litre (anti-freeze)
Panasonic 135mm
Cooling fan
Frame
Aluminium double beam + steel double cradle
Seat height
Wheel base
Weight
Fuel tank
Engine oil
Engine oil volume
Spark plug
Battery
Fuse
Road/high beam light
Presence light
Rear light
Blinkers light
Axle gear
Wheel gear
Chain
Valve clearance
Cylinder head bolt tight
Triple clamps tightening
VERSION
940 mm
1460 mm
115 Kg – (111Kg Extreme)
7,5 litres
ENI-Agip i-Ride Moto SAE 10W-50 (API, SG MA, MA2)
1,7 litres
Champion RG6YC (NGK CR8E)
YTZ7S (12V 6Ah)
20 A / 15 A / 15 A
12V35/35W BA20d
12V 5W BA 9S
LEDs
12V10W BA15S
12 teeth (Z12)
46 / 48 / 50 / 52 teeth (Z46/48/50/52)
520H / 112L / 114L / 116L
IN – 0,05mm / EX – 0,08mm
38 N.m (3,9 kg.m)
Upper triple clamp: 20 N.m (2.0 kgf.m)
Lower triple clamp: 12 N.m (1,2kgf.m)
TRAIL
Front suspension
UpSideDown Fork
MARZOCCHI 40
mm, adjustable.
Stroke 280 mm
Rear suspension
Progressive
system. Stroke
280 mm
Front brake
Rear brake
Front tire
Rear tire
MICHELIN T63
90/90 – 21
MICHELIN T63
120/80 - 18
AJP PR5 User’s manual – 3rd Edition – Rev 1
SUPERMOTO
ENDURO
EXTREME
UpSideDown Fork
MARZOCCHI 48
UpSideDown Fork SACHS 48
mm, multi
mm, multi adjustable. stroke
adjustable. Double
300 mm
cartridge. Stroke
300 mm
Progressive system
Shock absorber ZF SACHS, multi adjustable.
Stroke 300 mm
Double piston calliper, disc 260mm
Single piston calliper, disc 220mm
MICHELIN
MICHELIN ENDURO
100/80 - 17
COMPETITION III 90/90 – 21
MICHELIN
MICHELIN ENDURO
130/70 – 17
COMPETITION III 120/80 – 18
Page 34