LOR Tech Pub - Electroswitch

Technical Publication
LOR-1
HIGH SPEED
MULTI-CONTACT LOCK-OUT RELAYS
FOR POWER INDUSTRY
APPLICATIONS
ELECTROSWITCH
SWITCHES & RELAYS
UNIT OF ELECTRO SWITCH CORP.
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HIGH SPEED
MULTI-CONTACT LOCK-OUT RELAYS
FOR POWER INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS
ELECTROSWITCH
Weymouth, Massachusetts
ABSTRACT
Lock-out Relay applications often require ten or
more N.O. and N.C. contacts. The relays can be used to
change sequences such as shutting down a faulty pump
and then initiating the action to start-up a standby pump
or bypassing a faulty circuit by opening and closing
breakers.
Lock-out-relays are normally latched in the RESET
position and trip-out to a TRIP position when
commanded. There are then manual-reset, electric-reset,
and self- reset versions to get back to the RESET position.
The Series 24 Lock-out Relays are high-speed (as low
as eight milliseconds) control relays used primarily as
auxiliary relays in applications requiring many contacts (up
to 48). The LOR is an electric-trip and manual-reset device.
The LOR/ER is an electric-trip and either manual or
electric-reset. The LOR/SR is an electric- trip and self-reset
device. All units have mechanical position indicator targets.
They are qualified to ESC-STD-1000, which includes aging
and seismic vibration requirements to ANSI/IEEE 323-1984
and ANSI/IEEE-344-1987 for class IE uses in nuclear
power generating stations.
The testing also satisfies
ANSI/IEEE CJ7.90-1989 and ANSI/IEEE C37.98-1987.
INTRODUCTION
Lock-out Relays of various types are often used in the
electrical power industry. These auxiliary relays are
electric-trip, manual or electric-reset control relays for the
purpose of tripping and locking out circuit breakers or
other devices automatically when a fault or other predetermined condition exists. Lock-out-relays are generally
used in conjunction with protective relays to protect
transformers, buses, and rotating machinery in various
electrical systems.
Fig. 2. Series 24 LOR/ER Electric-reset
Lock-out Relay and LOR/SR
Self-reset Lock-out Relay
High-speed, rugged, multi-contact units are needed.
This paper describes a family of Lock-out relays with up
to 48 contacts that operate as quickly as eight
milli-seconds and are seismic shockproof.
BASIC CIRCUIT OPERATION
The control of the Lock-out Relays for operation as a
relay requires no special wiring. They only require a
N.O. contact (Sl) to command the LOR to TRIP and the
Electric-reset LOR/ER needs an additional N.O. contact
(S2) to initiate the command for RESET. The choice of
Sl should take in consideration the burden data of trip
coil, LOR/T, since Sl will "make" this current. This
circuit is self-interrupting with the LOR contacts so Sl
need not be concerned with the "break" of the TRIP
circuit. On the electric-reset LOR, S2 needs to make
only the K1 relay circuit so the burden of the LOR/R does
not affect S2. Any pilot duty device is acceptable for both
S1 and S2.
Fig. 1. Series 24 LOR Manual-reset Lock-out Relay
_
Initial Release – September 15, 1977
Revised – January 3, 1980
Added LOR/SR – February 1, 1983
Revised – March 15, 1985
Revised – April 15, 1987
Revised – June 1, 1991
Revised – February 15, 1993
Revised – February 10, 1994
Revised – September 1, 2012
1
Manual-reset LOR Circuit
The Electric-reset Lock-out Relay operates from the
control bus voltage like the manual-reset version. The
LOR/ER, as shown, is in the RESET POSITION. The
LOR/T coil form is the same linear solenoid that is used in
the manual-reset LOR, and controls the latch that locks the
LOR/ER in the RESET position. The LOR/R coil form
represents the rotary solenoid that is used to reset the
LOR/ER electrically. Kl is a relay used to control the
rotary solenoid. This enables S2 to be a low level contact.
It controls only the Kl relay coil. The Kl contact operates
the high current rotary solenoid. TB1, TB2, and TB3 are
terminal block connections, and F and H are LOR tie
points – all are for connection to the control bus. G, B, and
TB4 are internal tie points shown for information only.
Fig. 3. Manual-reset LOR Control Circuit Schematic
(shown in RESET position)
The standard station control bus voltage is used. The
LOR, as shown, is in the RESET position. The LOR/T coil
form represents the linear solenoid that releases the latch that
locks the LOR in the RESET. The mechanical design is
described later under THE ELECTRO-MECHANICAL
DRIVE.
The command of the LOR/ER to the TRIP position is
the same as with the manual- reset LOR which was
previously described. When tripped, the NC LOR
contact in the LOR/T circuit opens removing LOR/T
solenoid from the circuit. When this happens, the LOR NO
contact in the Kl relay circuit closes enabling this circuit to
be used.
The LOR contacts shown are normally closed in the
reset position. They are within the LOR control package. G
and B are tie points to connect the LOR to the control circuit.
C and F are internal connection points shown for
information.
To command the LOR/ER to reset, S2 is closed. This
completes the circuit to the K1 relay and it operates closing
contact K1. This completes the circuit to the LOR/R rotary
solenoid and it indexes to the RESET position. When this
happens, the N.O. LOR contact opens. This opens the
circuit on the K1 relay coil. The K1 relay drops out,
opening contact K1 that opens the rotary solenoid LOR/R
circuit. At the same time, the N.C. LOR contact, in the
linear solenoid LOR/T circuit, closes, setting up the
LOR/ER for the next TRIP command.
To command the Lock-out Relay to TRIP, S1 is closed.
This completes a circuit across the LOR trigger solenoid,
which operates, causing the device to snap to the TRIP
position. It locks into this position and remains there
indefinitely. When this happens, the LOR contacts open,
thereby removing the control circuit from the bus.
Sl and S2 should be momentary contacts and should not
stay closed. If both contacts are closed at the same time, a
"pumping" action will result with the LOR/ER indexing
back and forth between the RESET and TRIP positions.
The unit will stay locked-out in the TRIP position until
manually reset. S1 may be an auxiliary contact – from a
breaker, a protective relay, or from another auxiliary device
like a relay. The condition of the Lock-out Relay is visible
by the handle location and a mechanical target within the
nameplate (Black for RESET, Orange for TRIP)
The handle and target indicators are the same on the
standard electric-reset LOR/ER as the manual reset LOR.
The handle on the high-speed LOR/ER is not an indicator
and remains in the vertical position and the target must
be manually reset (see page 9).
Electric-reset LOR/ER Circuit
Self-reset LOR/SR Circuits
The self-reset Lock-out Relay operates from the control
bus voltage like the LOR and LOR/ER. The LOR/SR, as
shown in Fig. 5 and 6, is in the RESET position. The
LOR/T coil is the same linear solenoid that is used in all
LOR's, and controls the trigger that locks the LOR/SR in
the RESET position. The LOR/R is the same rotary
solenoid used in the LOR/ER and is used to electrically
reset the LOR/SR. Kl and K2 are two relays with N.O.
contacts used in the control circuit. B-A is a N.O. contact
and E-F-G is a form “C” contact -- both in the control
circuit. F-G is N.C. in the reset position while F-E is N.O.
TB1, TB2, TB3, and TB4 are terminal block connection
points for the user. R1 and R2 make up a bridge circuit on
Fig. 4. Electric-reset LOR/ER Control Circuit Schematic
(shown in the RESET position)
2
both the INSTANTANEOUS RESET and the TIME DELAY
RESET units. In addition, the TIME DELAY RESET version
has an additional lE-lF normally open (NO) contact to isolate
the K2 coil plus the time delay circuit, consisting of Rl and ClC2-C3-C4, which are wired in parallel. Dl protects the
capacitors from a possible incorrect polarity hookup.
The INSTANTANEOUS RESET version of the LOR/SR
will reset itself within 80 milliseconds after the fault has
cleared itself (Sl opens). This circuit is illustrated in Fig. 5.
Fig.6. Time-delay Self-reset circuit for the LOR/SR
Operating Voltage
The LOR, LOR/ER, and LOR/SR Lock-out Relays are
direct current actuated auxiliary relays. Because they are only
actuated for short periods of time and are self-interrupting, they
may be subjected to maximum design voltage indefinitely
without exceeding the 50oC temperature rise in ambient
conditions as high as 55oC. This is using class 105 insulation
and the applied thermo-couple method of temperature
determination.
The Lock-out Relays operate reliably over the full
voltage ranges described in ANSI/IEEE C37.90-1989, the
"Standard for Relays and Relay Systems Associated with
Electric Power Apparatus." These ratings are shown below:
Fig. 5. Instantaneous-reset circuit for the Self-reset
(shown in RESET position) Lock-out relay
The LOR/SR trips in the same manner as the manual-reset
LOR. With Sl closed (simulating the commanded or fault
condition) B-A contact closes and E-F contact closes. In this
manner E-F and A-B are both connected to the (+) bus so the
K1 coil sees no voltage difference and cannot operate.
Therefore, the LOR/SR will not reset and may remain in the
TRIP position indefinitely while the RlR2 bridge draws only
enough milliamps to maintain the voltage balance of the bridge
and well below the dropout current of any 0.2 amp. target
relays that may be part of the circuit.
TABLE I
Coil Operating Range*
COIL
A, B
C
D, E, G, K
F, H
NOMINAL
VOLTAGE
24 VDC
48 VDC
125 VDC
250 VDC
NORMAL
VOLTAGE
OPERATING RANGE
19.2 to 28 VDC
38.4 to 56 VDC
100 to 140 VDC
200 to 280 VDC
*From ANSI/IEEE C 37.90- 1989
When Sl opens (indicating the fault or pre-determined
condition has cleared), the RlR2 bridge becomes unbalanced
since the E-F contact, although closed, is in the Sl contact
circuit. Kl operates, closing contact Kl and K2 operates, closing
contact K2 and the rotary solenoid LOR/R operates and indexes
to the RESET position completing the cycle.
The trip and reset solenoid coils provide reliable operation over
a wide RANGE of operating conditions. Trip coils A, B, C, D,
E, and F have substantial overlapping voltage ranges enabling
some "custom-fitting" depending on the desired speed versus
current burden. Trip coils G and H have controlled threshold
voltage levels to insure that the unit will not trip at half-voltage.
G and H coils are useful where cummulative stray voltages due
to capacitive and other effects might be impressed on the LOR
coil causing occasional nuisance trips. The full voltage ranges
are shown on Tables II and III.
Contacts E-F and A-B then open, dropping out relays K1
and K2 (and their contacts). Contact F-G closes, setting up the
LOR/SR for the next command.
The TIME DELAY SELF-RESET (shown in RESET
position) version of the LOR/SR, illustrated in Fig. 6,
operates in the same manner as the instantaneous reset version
except the R3-Cl-C2-C3-C4 circuit causes a time delay of
from 300 to 600 milliseconds from the time Sl opens until the
LOR/SR contacts reclose.
The Threshold Voltage shown is the minimum level that
can produce a TRIP operation. This is not a reliable operation
and this voltage level should not be normally used. The normal
operation should be within the limits of the Operating Range.
The Operating Range represents the design limits for
reliable operation. Safety factors are included so operation can
3
occur above and below the indicated range as previously
explained.
TABLE IV
Coil Burden Data
TABLE II
Trip Coil Voltage Data
NOMINAL
VOLTAGE
COIL
THRESHOLD
VOLTAGE
OPERATING
RANGE
TRIP COIL
COIL
BURDEN
CIRCUIT
(amps)
DC
@ RATED
OHMS
VOLTAGE
@ 25oC
COIL
COIL
CIRCUIT
VOLTS
A
24 VDC
3.3
B
24 VDC
7.7
RESET COIL
COIL
CIRCUIT
DC OHMS
@ 25oC
BURDEN
(amps)
@ RATED
VOLTAGE
7.3
0.7
33.8
3.1
--
--
A
24 VDC
6 VDC
10 - 40 VDC
B
24 VDC
9 VDC
18 - 50 VDC
C
48 VDC
13.0
3.7
3.0
15.9
C
48 VDC
12 VDC
24 - 70 VDC
D
125 VDC
27.0
4.6
12.4
10.1
30 - 140 VDC
30 - 140 VAC
E
125 VDC
50.0
2.5
--
--
F
250 VDC
104.0
2.4
80.6
3.1
125 VDC
27.0
4.6
--
--
125VDC
120 VAC
D
16 VDC
20 VAC
E
125 VDC
23 VDC
45 - 140 VDC
G
250 VDC
240 VAC
33 VDC
40 VAC
70 - 280 VDC
60 - 280 VAC
H
250 VDC
104.0
2.4
--
--
F
K
125 VDC
27.0
4.6
--
--
G
125 VDC
70 VDC
90 - 140 VDC
H
250 VDC
140 VDC
180 - 280 VDC
K
125 VDC
16 VDC
100 - 150 VDC
Trip Coil Current - Voltage Characteristics
The trip coils may be used over a wide range of voltage
levels as previously described. To aid in this selection Fig. 7
graphs the voltage/current characteristics of the trip coils. These
values are the same for the manual-reset LOR, the electric-reset
LOR/ER, and the self-reset LOR/SR Lock-out Relays. Fig. 7 is
used with the Response Time graph of Fig. 8. Target selection
data is detailed on Table V and VI and Fig. 9 to 12.
Note: D coil has been tested and approved for use @ 120VAC
TABLE III
Reset Coil Voltage Data
COIL
NOMINAL
VOLTAGE
OPERATING
RANGE
A
24 VDC
19.2 to 28 VDC
C
48 VDC
38.4 to 57.6 VDC
D
125 VDC
100 to 140 VDC
F
250 VDC
200 to 275 VDC
Coil Burden Data
The LOR, LOR/ER, and LOR/SR solenoid coil burden
data is outlined in Table IV.
As previously explained, the control bus needs to be able to
supply the burden detailed in Table IV but does not need to
interrupt it – the units are self-interrupting. The reset coil is
hard-wired to the control bus so the actuating means (S2 in Fig.
4) is not subjected to the burden (only the K1 coil burden at
less than 1 ampere) S1 controlling the trip coil does “make”
and carry the trip coil current.
Fig. 7. Trip Solenoid Coil Burden Data
4
TABLE V
LOR Trip Coil Selection for Positive Target Operation
OPERATING
DC VOLTS
LOR TRIP COIL TO USE
24
A, B, C
48
B, C, D, E
100
D, E, F
125
D, E, F, G
D
140
D, E, F
D
190
F
D
250
F, H
D
0.2A TARGET
Targets used with Lock-out Relays
All the Lock-out Relays have a mechanical target as part
of the nameplate - Black for RESET and Orange for TRIP.
This indicates the condition of the LOR. The target resets when
the LOR resets (with the exception of the high-speed trip
electric- reset LOR/ER and self-reset LOR/SR where the
memory target is manually reset).
2A TARGET
The addition of the optional LIGHTED NAMEPLATE
to the LOR provides local and SCADA verification of trip coil
integrity. It also provides local LED indication of the
presence of a continuing trip signal to the LOR, which alerts
the operator not to reset a manual LOR into a fault.
The lighted nameplate has two LEDs. The right LED is
controlled by the circuit that detects an incoming trip signal to
the LOR. If such a signal is present, then the right LED is lit.
This is important since it warns the operator not to attempt to
reset the LOR with a trip signal present, which can damage the
LOR trip coil.
TABLE VI
Suggested minimum DC Voltage
required for Positive Target Operation
with Manual Reset LOR. (Actual values may vary).
LOR
TRIP
COIL
NO ADDITIONAL
CIRCUITRY
(target)
0.2A
0.6A
2A
2A TARGET
RESISTOR
(Rp) IN
PARALLEL
25
50
ohm ohm
2A TARGET
R-C CIRCUIT
40
MFD
2A TARGET SERIES
RESISTOR (Rs)
20
7
MFD ohm
12.3
ohm
A
B
12
12
42
90
95
24
40
E
F
16.7
ohm
90
C
D
The left LED is controlled by the circuit that monitors
the LOR trip coil. When the trip coil is intact and the LOR is
in the normal RESET position, this LED is lit. The same trip
coil monitor circuit controls the SCADA output of the lighted
nameplate. If the trip coil should open for any reason, then the
SCADA output closes. The SCADA output also closes if
power to the LOR is lost and when the LOR is in the TRIP
position.
40
G
90
H
180
150
118
80
75
105
70
125
95
External targets may also be used in conjunction with the
LOR’s to show the condition of the devices that are being
controlled.
The most common 0.2A targets operate
satisfactorily with an LOR. The 0.6A targets are also generally
satisfactory. 2A targets need special attention. Selection of
LOR trip coils are shown in Table V with minimum required
DC voltages for position target operation shown on Table VI.
105
2A targets are generally slow acting. The response time of
the LOR’s is generally too fast for them to respond. From
Tables V and VI, it is seen that only trip coil D will respond and
only at 118VDC or more. In order to use 2A targets at lower
voltages, suggested circuits have been developed. The standard
circuit with no additional circuitry is shown on Fig. 9 for
comparison. Figs. 10 to 12 are shown as suggested solutions.
Table VI shows the minimum voltages to apply with these
circuits to get position 2A target operation. These circuits were
developed using target relays with coil characteristics shown on
Table VII.
Response Time - Trip Solenoid
Fig. 8 shows the high-speed response of the Lock-out
Relays. The values given are total response to close N.O.
contacts. The values are for ten deck LOR's and eight deck
LOR/ER’s and LOR/SR’s. There is very little difference in
smaller units. The response time of the trip coil of the highspeed electric-reset Lockout-relays is the same as the manualreset LOR’s.
TABLE VII
Target Relay Coil Characteristics
Response Time - Reset Solenoid
The reset time of the electric-reset (LOR/ER) Lock-out
Relays is generally not an important applications consideration
so
a graph has not been prepared. The response is
approximately fifty milliseconds at rated voltage for all coils.
The reset times of the self-reset LOR /SR is described on
page 3.
5
TESTS BASED ON FOLLOWING
TARGET
TARGET COIL CHARACTERISTICS
. 2A
.6A
2A
Coil Resistance (ohms)
8.15
0.71
0.195
Pull-In Current (amps)
0.15
0.45
1.75
Transient Protection
The LOR, LOR/ER, and LOR/SR Lock-out Relays are
designed and tested to operate reliably in a normal power
industry environment. This includes being subjected to
transients on the control bus up to 5kV. Since the LOR is
normally isolated from the Bus, it will experience transients
only if they occur in the operating mode. This precludes the
possibility of a detrimental, accumulating effect over the life
of the unit. As such, no transient protection is needed.
Fig. 9 typical LOR trip circuit with target
relay coil in series with LOR coil
Because of the nature of the operation of the solenoid
coils, the LOR does generate transients that may be of interest
to the user. These transients are less than 2kV and generally
in the 1.5kV to 1.8kV range. In systems consisting of
components that meet IEEE Std. C37.90.1 these transients
will not cause any issues.
BASIC RELAY CONTACTS
The LOR, LOR/ER, and LOR/SR Lock-out Relay
contacts operate on the original, reliable principle of knife
switches -- double sided, double-wiping, spring wiper blades
closing on both sides of a terminal. To provide a closed
contact, two terminals are bridged or shunted. Fig. 13 shows
this contacting arrangement.
Fig. 10 LOR trip circuit with resistor (Rp) in Parallel
with LOR trip coil (not supplied with LOR –
see Table VI for recommended Values)
Fig. 11. LOR trip circuit with RC network -- is momentarily
connected with LOR coil increasing current in 2A target. Cl
discharges through Rl when LOR is reset. See Table VI for
recommended values of Cl. Requires special LOR. Contact
Factory.
Fig. 13. Double-sided, double-wiping knife-type
Contact configuration.
Contact Materials
The wiper blades are made from a phosphor-bronze
alloy that combines superior spring qualities with good
electrical conductivity. This material and blade design
has been proven by extensive laboratory testing as well
as more than thirty years of field use and experience.
Initially used in rugged naval ship applications, it is
also used in industrial applications such as railroad
locomotives and earth moving equipment. It has been
used for more than forty years in power industry
applications, as well.
Fig. 12. LOR trip circuit with series resistor (Rs) chosen to
reduce trip coil wattage. Value-chosen to obtain 5
amperes for 5 milliseconds or longer through target
relay coil. See Table VI for recommended values.
The blade assembly is shockproof and virtually
bounce-proof. This makes it ideal for high-speed, quickmake, quick-break devices like the LOR, LOR/ER, and
LOR/SR.
6
The blades are formed, assembled, and riveted nearly
closed. The gap is machine adjusted to provide a uniform
high pressure. The gap does not change with time and use.
Normal use tends to improve the contact surfaces due to the
rubbing action. This provides a burnishing as well as
cleaning action.
The contact surface conductivity is enhanced by a
silver overlay stripe that lasts the life of the unit. This
ensures a good contact, even in those cases where the LOR,
LOR/ER, and LOR/SR are not operated for long periods of
time.
Fig. 14.
Basic LOR Deck Layout
The terminals are made of electrically and environmentally compatible copper material with a silver
overlay stripe at the contact area plus an overall silver
plate to ensure a good, durable contact surface for customer
wiring purposes. Similarly, the terminal screws are made
from silver-plated brass.
The illustration of Fig. 14 is for the first deck. For multideck units the second digit of the terminal number is the same
as shown but the first digit changes to denote the deck
number. As an example, terminal 82 is in the eighth deck,
directly under terminal 12 and used together with terminal 88.
Number of Decks Available
Contact Charts
Table VIII shows the maximum number of decks and
contacts available for reliable operation:
The previous illustration shows how the LOR's are
constructed and is shown as information for the user.
Traditional contact charts are normally used, as shown on Fig.
15.
TABLE VIII
MAXIMUM DECKS AVAILABLE
LOR TYPE
MAXIMUM
DECKS
MAXIMUM
CONTACTS
LOR
12
48
LOR/ER HI SPEED TRIP
10
40
LOR/ER STD SPEED TRIP
8
32
LOR/SR INSTANT RESET
8
32
LOR/SR TIME DELAY RESET
7
28
Contact Deck Arrangement
The blade and terminal configuration enables the
use of multi-contacts in the same deck, and simple
stacking procedures enable the fabrication of many
independent contacts in one relay. Specifically, two NO
contacts and two NC contacts are provided in each deck,
and up to twelve decks can be stacked, resulting in a
relay with up to 48 contacts (24 N.O. and 24 N.C.). The
deck arrangement is illustrated in Fig. 14.
Fig. 15. LOR, LOR/ER, and LOR/SR
Lock-out relay Chart
Contact Ratings
The LOR, LOR/ER, and LOR/SR Lock-out relays have
been tested to many different circuit conditions. The
interrupting ratings are based on 10,000 operations of life,
using suddenly applied and removed rated voltage, with no
extensive burning of contacts. Inductive ratings are based on
tests and using standard inductance L/R=0.04 for DC and
cos=0.4 for AC. Short-time and continuous ratings are
based on temperature rise in contact members and
supporting parts not exceeding 500C above ambient.
The contacts operate reliably, using every contact and
terminal illustrated. For good practice, however, it is
suggested that polarized voltages having opposite polarity
should not be used on adjacent contacts. This is because
of the remote possibility of flashover during transition
between adjacent contacts -- especially at the higher DC
ratings, or in highly inductive circuits.
7
\
Fig. 8. LOR/ER and LOR/SR Lock-out Relay response times (10 deck LOR, 8 deck LOR/ER or LOR/SR.
For high-speed LOR/ER ot LOR’SR’s, use LOR response times.
7
The trigger mechanism was invented to provide the
mechanical advantage. One pound of force from the linear
solenoid releases the latch that locks the device against forty
inch pounds of torque. The trigger uses the principle of
coincident radii of two rollers – one cannot roll without the
other. The two rollers are shown in Fig. 16.
Allowable Variation From Rated Voltage
The relay contacts are not sensitive to normal variations
in voltage. The interrupting capacity is important as
indicated in Table IX. Variations of plus and minus twenty
percent in rated voltage need not be considered as long as
the interrupting current is not exceeded.
TABLE IX
Contact Ratings for Series 24 LOR, LOR/ER,
and LOR/SR Lock-out Relays
INTERRUPTING RATING (amps)
SHORT
TIME
RATING*
(amps)
CONTINUOUS
RATING
(amps)
60
30
1/2
60
30
15
60
30
15
5
60
30
480 VAC
10
5
60
30
600 VAC
6
5
60
30
CONTACT
CIRCUIT
VOLTS
RESISTIVE
SINGLE
CONTACT
3
INDUCTIVE
SINGLE
CONTACT
1
250 VDC
2
120 VAC
20
240 VAC
125 VDC
Fig. 16. Relationship of two rollers with coincident radii
The relationship of roller sizes is to get the mechanical
advantage needed. Since only a small part of the larger roller
is needed, a segment was cut out to reduce size and inertia.
Fig. 17 shows the small roller, large roller segment, and
their relationships with the linear solenoid and the relay
operating shaft.
As shown, the trip mechanism is in the RESET
position. This was done by rotating the handle and relay
shaft (1) clockwise against the relay shaft stop pin (2). When
the roller arm (3) and the small roller (4) clear the large roller
segment (5), the retaining spring (6) positions the large
segment (5) against the stop pin (7).
*The making ability for 125VDC circuit breaker coils is
95A-125VDC. Short-time is for 1 minute.
THE ELECTROMECHANICAL DRIVE
The switch portion of the Lock-out Relay is the field
proven Series 24 Instrument and Control Switch. In this
application, it is a two-position device – TRIP and
RESET. There is a powerful coil spring mechanism to
drive it from the RESET position to the TRIP position.
The device is held in the RESET position by a latch and
locking mechanism. This is released by a small linear
solenoid for electric tripping. The LOR is manually reset
by rotating the handle against the coil springs. The
LOR/ER is either manually reset or electrically reset
utilizing a separate rotary solenoid mechanism. The
LOR/SR is self-resetting when the tripping condition has
been removed. These mechanisms are described below.
The handle and shaft (1) is now released, allowing the
roller arm (3) to spring return counterclockwise until the
small roller (4) comes to rest on the large roller segment (5)
When the two rollers contact, the mechanical force generated
acts along coincident radii (common centerline). Neither
roller can rotate; the LOR is locked and reset.
The TRIP Mechanism (Patent #3649793)
Industry requirements for Lock-out Relays include:
*high-speed
*seismic shock-proof
*multiple contacts
To get the multi-contact feature and maintain positive
and rugged action, heavy spring action is required. This
requires a locking mechanism to hold back a spring wind-up
of forty-inch pounds of torque. To get high-speed release, a
solenoid is needed. Ordinarily, a large solenoid is required to
do this. Large solenoids are inherently slow so a small linear
solenoid is used to release the latch. By nature, small linear
solenoids do not develop much force, so a mechanical
advantage is needed.
Fig. 17. LOR TRIP Mechanism
8
To initiate a TRIP action the linear solenoid (8) is
actuated. The solenoid push rod (9) provides a one pound
release force to the large roller segment (5) moving it by the
release distance (10). When this happens, the roller arm (3)
is free to rotate counterclockwise to the TRIP position
where an internal stop mechanism stops the rotation.
The testing is performed in accordance with ESC-STD1000 - General Specifications for Rotary Switches and
Auxiliary Relays for Utility Applications including 1E
Equipment Requirements for Nuclear Power Generating
Stations. The tests include ratings evaluation tests, aging
tests to simulate forty years operating life, and seismic tests.
The RESET Mechanism
Aging Tests
The manual reset LOR is reset by manually
turning the relay handle clockwise to the RESET position
where it locks in. The electric-reset LOR/ER is either
manually reset the same way or electrically reset using
the solenoid circuit previously described. The LOR/SR selfresets with a solenoid circuit similar to the LOR/ER.
Aging tests are run in accordance with ANSI/IEEE
323-1984 and ESC-STD-1000 and consist of the following
(run in sequence):
1.
2.
3.
4.
Visual and mechanical examination
Circuit configuration
Dielectric Withstanding Vo1tage-2200VRMS
Insulation resistance - 100 megohms minimum at 500
VDC
5. Contact resistance - 10 milliohms maximum at rated
current
6. Radiation aging - 10 megarads (107)
7. Elevated temperature - 120 hours at 800C
8. Elevated humidity - 96 hours at 95% RH
9. Temperature rise (contacts) – 50oC maximum
10. Aging – 10,000 cycles at 20A-120VAC and 3A125VDC (both resistive)
11. Seismic vibration – ZPA = 5g
12. After test measurements (in order) – items 3,4,5,9,2,1
The HIGH-SPEED-TRIP Electric-reset Mechanism
The high-speed TRIP electric-reset or self-reset Lockout Relay has two features used to accomplish a reliable
tripping action in less than eight milliseconds:
1.
2.
The rotary solenoid is disengaged from the relay shaft
after it is used to electrically reset the device. This
reduces the drag on the relay shaft enabling the highspeed TRIP. The handle always resets in the vertical
position. Therefore, it is not used as a position indicator.
It is used only to reset the LOR/ER or LOR/SR
manually. The Target is the position indication.
Details on the background of these tests, plus the methods
and procedures are outlined in ESC-STD-1000.
The mechanical target indexes to TRIP (Orange)
when the LOR/ER or LOR/SR trips but does not reset
(to Black) when the LOR.ER or LOR/SR is
electrically reset. The target is reset manually with a
lever on the face of the nameplate. This enables a
station operator to observe and record the fact that the
LOR/ER or LOR/SR did TRIP – a much less
expensive method than using recorders.
Seismic Tests
The Series 24 LOR, LOR/ER, and LOR/SR Lock-out
Relays are subjected to fragility testing in a seismic
environment after aging to an accelerated life estimated to
be forty years. This sequence is outlined under Aging Tests.
The seismic tests are in accordance with ANSI/IEEE 3441987 and ANSI/IEEE C37.98-1987.
The tests are
performed in accordance with ESC-STD-1000. Broadband
repeatable multi-frequency input motions are used. The
Fragility Response Spectrum (FRS) envelopes the Standard
Response Spectrum (SRS) shown in Fig. 18, using a biaxial
input motion.
VERIFICATION TESTING
The Series 24 LOR, LOR/ER, and LOR/SR Lockout Relays have been tested to many different service
conditions to insure that they will operate satisfactorily as
general devices -- not special use. For power industry
applications the testing is performed in accordance with
the following standards:

ANSI/IEEE-323-1984
Qualifying Class IE Equipment for
Nuclear Power Generating Stations

ANSI/IEEE-344-1987
Recommended Practices for Seismic Qualifi cation of
Class IE Equipment for Nuclear Power Generating Stations

ANSI/IEEE C37.90-1989
Relays and Relay Systems Associated with
Electric Power Apparatus

ANSI/IEEE C37.98-1987
Seismic Testing of Relays
The “g” rating of the Lock-out Relays are defined as the
ZPA (zero period acceleration). The “g” rating, then, is 5g.
The Series 24 LOR and LOR/ER are tested in the normal
RESET position, the TRIP position, and during transition
from RESET to TRIP. The LOR/SR is tested in the RESET
position.
9
Fig. 18. Multi-frequency Broadband Standard Response Spectrum (SRS)
10
HOW TO ORDER LOCK-OUT RELAYS
1. Select desired trip-coil from data on pages 4 and 6.
2. Select reset coil voltage from chart below.
3. Choose appropriate catalog number below.
4. Units are supplied with engraved nameplate (code 17C-2L22) unless otherwise specified.
5. For other than standard relays shown below (or for your own documentation purposes) complete
DESIGN GUIDE (shown on pages 12, 13, 14).
MANUAL-RESET LOR
DECKS
CATALOG NUMBERS with TRIP COILS
COIL D
COIL E
COIL F
COIL A
COIL B
COIL C
COIL G
COIL H
COIL K
3
7803A
7803B
7803C
7803D
7803E
7803F
7803G
7803H
7803K
5
7805A
7805B
7805C
7805D
7805E
7805F
7805G
7805H
7805K
8
10
7808A
7810A
7808B
7810B
7808C
7810C
7808D
7810D
7808E
7810E
7808F
7810F
7808G
7810G
7808H
7810H
7808K
7810K
STANDARD TRIP ELECTRIC-RESET LOR/ER
CATALOG NUMBERS with TRIP COILS
COIL D
COIL E
COIL F
DECKS
RESET COIL
VOLTAGE
COIL A
COIL B
COIL C
COIL G
COIL H
COIL K
3
24 VDC
7823AA
7823BA
7823CA
7823DA
7823EA
7823FA
--
--
7823KA
5
24 VDC
7825AA
7825BA
7825CA
7825DA
7825EA
7825FA
--
--
7825KA
8
24 VDC
7828AA
7828BA
7828CA
7828DA
7828EA
7828FA
--
--
7828KA
3
48 VDC
7823AC
7823BC
7823CC
7823DC
7823EC
7823FC
--
--
7823KC
5
48 VDC
7825AC
7825BC
7825CC
7825DC
7825EC
7825FC
--
--
7825KC
8
48 VDC
7828AC
7828BC
7828CC
7828DC
7828EC
7828FC
--
--
7828KC
3
125 VDC
7823AD
7823BD
7823CD
7823DD
7823ED
7823FD
7823GD
--
7823KD
5
125 VDC
7825AD
7825BD
7825CD
7825DD
7825ED
7825FD
7825GD
--
7825KD
8
125 VDC
7828AD
7828BD
7828CD
7828DD
7828ED
7828FD
7828GD
--
7828KD
3
250 VDC
7823AF
7823BF
7823CF
7823DF
7823EF
7823FF
--
7823HF
7823KF
5
250 VDC
7825AF
7825BF
7825CF
7825DF
7825EF
7825FF
--
7825HF
7825KF
8
250 VDC
7828AF
7828BF
7828CF
7828DF
7828EF
7828FF
--
7828HF
7828KF
HIGH-SPEED TRIP,ELECTRIC-RESET LOR/ER
DECKS
RESET COIL
VOLTAGE
3
5
8
10
3
5
8
10
CATALOG NUMBERS with TRIP COILS
COIL D
COIL E
COIL F
125 VDC
125 VDC
125 VDC
125 VDC
7833DD
7835DD
7838DD
7840DD
7833ED
7835ED
7838ED
7840ED
7833FD
7835FD
7838FD
7840FD
250 VDC
250 VDC
250 VDC
250 VDC
7833DF
7835DF
7838DF
7840DF
7833EF
7835EF
7838EF
7840EF
7833FF
7835FF
7838FF
7840FF
STANDARD TRIP, INSTANT-RESET, SELF-RESET LOR/SR
RESET COIL
VOLTAGE
125 VDC
125 VDC
125 VDC
DECKS
3
5
8
CATALOG NUMBERS with TRIP COILS
COIL D
COIL E
COIL F
COIL G
7843DD 7843ED 7843FD
7843GD
7845DD 7845ED 7845FD
7845GD
7848DD 7848ED 7848FD
7848GD
HIGH-SPEED TRIP, INSTANT RESET,SELF-RESET LOR/SR
DECKS
3
5
8
RESET
COIL
VOLTAGE
125 VDC
125 VDC
125 VDC
STANDARD TRIP, TIME-DELAY RESET,SELF-RESET LOR/SR
RESET COIL
VOLTAGE
125 VDC
125 VDC
125 VDC
DECKS
3
5
7
HIGH-SPEED TRIP,TIME-DELAY RESET, SELF-RESET LOR/SR
CATALOG NUMBERS with TRIP COILS
COIL D
COIL E
COIL F
7863DD
7865DD
7868DD
7863ED
7865ED
7868ED
7863FD
7865FD
7868FD
CATALOG NUMBERS with TRIP COILS
COIL D
COIL E
COIL F
COIL G
7853DD 7853ED 7853FD
7853GD
7855DD 7855ED 7855FD
7855GD
7857DD 7857ED 7857FD
7827GD
DECKS
3
5
7
11
RESET
COIL
VOLTAGE
125 VDC
125 VDC
125 VDC
CATALOG NUMBERS with TRIP COILS
COIL D
COIL E
COIL F
7873DD
7875DD
7877DD
7873ED
7875ED
7877ED
7873FD
7875FD
7877FD
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