D-Link DGS-1005D - Switch User`s guide

DGS-1005D
5-Port 10/100/1000Mbps Switch
Manual
RECYCLABLE
V4.30
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
____________________
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
© 2010 D-Link Corporation. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of D-Link Corporation is strictly forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: D-Link and the D-LINK logo are trademarks of D-Link Corporation; Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. D-Link
Corporation disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.
FCC Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with this user’s guide, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required
to correct the interference at his own expense.
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
Warnung!
Dies ist ein Produkt der Klasse B. Im Wohnbereich kann dieses Produkt Funkstoerungen verursachen. In diesem Fall kann vom
Benutzer verlangt werden, angemessene Massnahmen zu ergreifen.
Precaución!
Este es un producto de Clase B. En un entorno doméstico, puede causar interferencias de radio, en cuyo case, puede requerirse al
usuario para que adopte las medidas adecuadas.
Attention!
Ceci est un produit de classe B. Dans un environnement domestique, ce produit pourrait causer des interférences radio, auquel cas
l`utilisateur devrait prendre les mesures adéquates.
Attenzione!
Il presente prodotto appartiene alla classe B. Se utilizzato in ambiente domestico il prodotto può causare interferenze radio,
nel cui caso è possibile che l`utente debba assumere provvedimenti adeguati.
VCCI Warning
BSMI Warning
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D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................................................................1
ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY ......................................................................................................................................................1
Fast Ethernet Technology ................................................................................................................................................1
Gigabit Ethernet Technology ...........................................................................................................................................1
802.1P AND QOS ...................................................................................................................................................................1
Advantages of QoS ...........................................................................................................................................................1
Understanding QoS ..........................................................................................................................................................2
D-LINK’S GREEN TECHNOLOGY ...........................................................................................................................................2
SWITCHING TECHNOLOGY ....................................................................................................................................................2
SWITCH DESCRIPTION ...........................................................................................................................................................3
Features ...........................................................................................................................................................................3
FRONT-PANEL COMPONENTS ................................................................................................................................................3
LED Indicators.................................................................................................................................................................4
REAR PANEL DESCRIPTION ...................................................................................................................................................5
INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................................................................................6
Package Contents.............................................................................................................................................................6
BEFORE YOU CONNECT TO THE NETWORK ...........................................................................................................................6
MOUNTING THE SWITCH ON A WALL ....................................................................................................................................7
POWER ON ............................................................................................................................................................................7
Power Failure ..................................................................................................................................................................7
CONNECTING THE SWITCH ...........................................................................................................................................8
SWITCH TO END NODE .........................................................................................................................................................8
SWITCH TO HUB OR SWITCH .................................................................................................................................................8
CONNECTING TO NETWORK BACKBONE OR SERVER ............................................................................................................9
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS.....................................................................................................................................10
GLOSSARY..........................................................................................................................................................................12
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D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Preface
The DGS-1005D Manual is divided into sections that describe the system installation and operating instructions with
examples.
Section 1, Introduction - A description of the physical features of the Switch, including LED indicators, ports and
panel descriptions.
Section 2, Installation – A description of the physical installation of the Switch including connecting the Switch to
the network and connecting stacked switch groups.
Section 3, Connecting the Switch – A description of how to connect your Switch to an end node, hub, Switch, or
backbone server.
Appendix A, Technical Specifications - The technical specifications of the DGS-1005D.
Glossary – Lists definitions for terms and acronyms used in this document.
Intended Readers
The DGS-1005D Manual contains information for setup and management and of the DGS-1005D Switch. This manual is
intended for network managers familiar with network management concepts and terminology.
Notes, Notices, and Cautions
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your device.
NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you
how to avoid the problem.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates the potential for property damage, personal injury, or death.
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D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Safety Instructions
Use the following safety guidelines to ensure your own personal safety and to help protect your system from potential
damage. Throughout this safety section, the caution icon (
) is used to indicate cautions and precautions that you need
to review and follow.
Safety Cautions
To reduce the risk of bodily injury, electrical shock, fire, and damage to the equipment, observe the following precautions.
Observe and follow service markings. Do not service any product except as explained in your system documentation.
Opening or removing covers that are marked with the triangular symbol with a lightning bolt may expose you to an
electrical shock. Only a trained service technician should service components inside these compartments.
If any of the following conditions occur, unplug the product from the electrical outlet and replace the part or contact your
trained service provider:
– The power cable, extension cable, or plug is damaged.
– An object has fallen into the product.
– The product has been exposed to water.
– The product has been dropped or damaged.
– The product does not operate correctly when you follow the operating instructions.

Keep your system away from radiators and heat sources. Also, do not block cooling vents.

Do not spill food or liquids on your system components, and never operate the product in a wet environment. If
the system gets wet, see the appropriate section in your troubleshooting guide or contact your trained service
provider.

Do not push any objects into the openings of your system. Doing so can cause a fire or an electric shock by
shorting out interior components.

Use the product only with approved equipment.

Allow the product to cool before removing covers or touching internal components.

Operate the product only from the type of external power source indicated on the electrical ratings label. If you
are not sure of the type of power source required, consult your service provider or local power company.

To help avoid damaging your system, be sure the voltage selection switch (if provided) on the power supply is set
to match the power available at your location:
– 115 volts (V)/60 hertz (Hz) in most of North and South America and some Far Eastern countries such as South
Korea and Taiwan.
– 100 V/50 Hz in eastern Japan and 100 V/60 Hz in western Japan.
– 230 V/50 Hz in most of Europe, the Middle East, and the Far East.

Also be sure that attached devices are electrically rated to operate with the power available in your location.

Use only approved power cable(s). If you have not been provided with a power cable for your system or for any
AC-powered option intended for your system, purchase a power cable that is approved for use in your country.
The power cable must be rated for the product and for the voltage and current marked on the product's electrical
ratings label. The voltage and current rating of the cable should be greater than the ratings marked on the product.

To help prevent an electric shock, plug the system and peripheral power cables into properly grounded electrical
outlets. These cables are equipped with three-prong plugs to help ensure proper grounding. Do not use adapter
plugs or remove the grounding prong from a cable. If you must use an extension cable, use a 3-wire cable with
properly grounded plugs.

Observe extension cable and power strip ratings. Make sure that the total ampere rating of all products plugged
into the extension cable or power strip does not exceed 80 percent of the ampere ratings limit for the extension
cable or power strip.

To help protect your system from sudden, transient increases and decreases in electrical power, use a surge
suppressor, line conditioner, or uninterruptible power supply (UPS).

Position system cables and power cables carefully; route cables so that they cannot be stepped on or tripped over.
Be sure that nothing rests on any cables.

Do not modify power cables or plugs. Consult a licensed electrician or your power company for site modifications.
Always follow your local/national wiring rules.
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D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch

When connecting or disconnecting power to hot-pluggable power supplies, if offered with your system, observe
the following guidelines:
– Install the power supply before connecting the power cable to the power supply.
– Unplug the power cable before removing the power supply.
– If the system has multiple sources of power, disconnect power from the system by unplugging all power cables
from the power supplies.

Move products with care; ensure that all casters and/or stabilizers are firmly connected to the system. Avoid
sudden stops and uneven surfaces.
General Precautions for Rack-Mountable Products
Observe the following precautions for rack stability and safety. Also refer to the rack installation documentation
accompanying the system and the rack for specific caution statements and procedures.
Systems are considered to be components in a rack. Thus, "component" refers to any system as well as to various
peripherals or supporting hardware.
CAUTION: Installing systems in a rack without the front and side stabilizers installed could cause
the rack to tip over, potentially resulting in bodily injury under certain circumstances. Therefore,
always install the stabilizers before installing components in the rack.
After installing system/components in a rack, never pull more than one component out of the
rack on its slide assemblies at one time. The weight of more than one extended component
could cause the rack to tip over and may result in serious injury.
Before working on the rack, make sure that the stabilizers are secured to the rack, extended to the floor, and that
the full weight of the rack rests on the floor. Install front and side stabilizers on a single rack or front stabilizers
for joined multiple racks before working on the rack.
Always load the rack from the bottom up, and load the heaviest item in the rack first.
Make sure that the rack is level and stable before extending a component from the rack.
Use caution when pressing the component rail release latches and sliding a component into or out of a rack; the
slide rails can pinch your fingers.
After a component is inserted into the rack, carefully extend the rail into a locking position, and then slide the
component into the rack.
Do not overload the AC supply branch circuit that provides power to the rack. The total rack load should not
exceed 80 percent of the branch circuit rating.
Ensure that proper airflow is provided to components in the rack.
Do not step on or stand on any component when servicing other components in a rack.
NOTE: A qualified electrician must perform all connections to DC power and to safety grounds.
All electrical wiring must comply with applicable local or national codes and practices.
CAUTION: Never defeat the ground conductor or operate the equipment in the absence of a
suitably installed ground conductor. Contact the appropriate electrical inspection authority or an
electrician if you are uncertain that suitable grounding is available.
CAUTION: The system chassis must be positively grounded to the rack cabinet frame. Do not
attempt to connect power to the system until grounding cables are connected. Completed power
and safety ground wiring must be inspected by a qualified electrical inspector. An energy hazard
will exist if the safety ground cable is omitted or disconnected.
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D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge
Static electricity can harm delicate components inside your system. To prevent static damage, discharge static electricity
from your body before you touch any of the electronic components, such as the microprocessor. You can do so by
periodically touching an unpainted metal surface on the chassis.
You can also take the following steps to prevent damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD):
1. When unpacking a static-sensitive component from its shipping carton, do not remove the component from the
antistatic packing material until you are ready to install the component in your system. Just before unwrapping the
antistatic packaging, be sure to discharge static electricity from your body.
2. When transporting a sensitive component, first place it in an antistatic container or packaging.
3. Handle all sensitive components in a static-safe area. If possible, use antistatic floor pads, workbench pads, and an
antistatic grounding strap.
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D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
SECTION 1
Introduction
Ethernet Technology
802.1p and QoS
D-Link’s Green Technology
Switch Description
Features
Ports
Front-Panel Components
Ethernet Technology
Fast Ethernet Technology
The growing importance of LANs and the increasing complexity of desktop computing applications are fueling the need
for high performance networks. A number of high-speed LAN technologies are proposed to provide greater bandwidth and
improve client/server response times. Among them, Fast Ethernet, or 100BASE-T, provides a non-disruptive, smooth
evolution from 10BASE-T technology.
100Mbps Fast Ethernet is a standard specified by the IEEE 802.3 LAN committee. It is an extension of the 10Mbps
Ethernet standard with the ability to transmit and receive data at 100Mbps, while maintaining the Carrier Sense Multiple
Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) Ethernet protocol.
Gigabit Ethernet Technology
Gigabit Ethernet is an extension of IEEE 802.3 Ethernet utilizing the same packet structure, format, and support for
CSMA/CD protocol, full duplex, flow control, and management objects, but with a tenfold increase in theoretical
throughput over 100Mbps Fast Ethernet and a one hundred-fold increase over 10Mbps Ethernet. Since it is compatible with
all 10Mbps and 100Mbps Ethernet environments, Gigabit Ethernet provides a straightforward upgrade without wasting a
company’s existing investment in hardware, software, and trained personnel.
The increased speed and extra bandwidth offered by Gigabit Ethernet are essential to coping with the network bottlenecks
that frequently develop as computers and their busses get faster and more users use applications that generate more traffic.
Upgrading key components, such as your backbone and servers to Gigabit Ethernet can greatly improve network response
times as well as significantly speed up the traffic between your subnetworks.
Gigabit Ethernet enables fast optical fiber connections to support video conferencing, complex imaging, and similar dataintensive applications. Likewise, since data transfers occur 10 times faster than Fast Ethernet, servers outfitted with Gigabit
Ethernet NIC’s are able to perform 10 times the number of operations in the same amount of time.
In addition, the phenomenal bandwidth delivered by Gigabit Ethernet is the most cost-effective method to take advantage
of today and tomorrow’s rapidly improving switching and routing internetworking technologies.
802.1p and QoS
The DGS-1005D Switch supports 802.1p priority queuing Quality of Service. The implementation of QoS (Quality of
Service) and benefits of using 802.1p priority queuing are described here.
Advantages of QoS
QoS is an implementation of the IEEE 802.1p standard that allows network administrators a method of reserving
bandwidth for important functions that require a large bandwidth or have a high priority, such as VoIP (voice-over Internet
Protocol), web browsing applications, file server applications or video conferencing. Not only can a larger bandwidth be
created, but other less critical traffic can be limited, so bandwidth can be saved. The Switch has separate hardware queues
on every physical port to which packets from various applications are mapped to and assigned a priority. The illustration
below shows how 802.1P priority queuing is implemented on the Switch. The eight IEEE 802.1P priority levels defined by
the standard are mapped to the four class queues used in the Switch.
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Mapping QoS on the Switch
The picture above shows the default priority setting for the Switch. Class-3 has the highest priority of the four priority
queues on the Switch. In order to implement QoS, the user is required to instruct the Switch to examine the header of a
packet to see if it has the proper identifying tag tagged. Then the user may forward these tagged packets to designated
queues on the Switch where they will be emptied, based on priority.
"The DUT support strict mode for 802.1p QoS. The untagged pkt will follow the priority 0 to work (i.e. class 1)."
Understanding QoS
The Switch has four priority queues. These priority queues are labeled as 3, the high queue to 0, the lowest queue. The
eight priority tags, specified in IEEE 802.1p are mapped to the Switch's priority tags as follows:

Priority 0 is assigned to the Switch's Q1 queue.

Priority 1 is assigned to the Switch's Q0 queue.

Priority 2 is assigned to the Switch's Q0 queue.

Priority 3 is assigned to the Switch's Q1 queue.

Priority 4 is assigned to the Switch's Q2 queue.

Priority 5 is assigned to the Switch's Q2 queue.

Priority 6 is assigned to the Switch's Q3 queue.
 Priority 7 is assigned to the Switch's Q3 queue.
The Switch uses strict priority for Scheduling. Strict priority-based scheduling, any packets residing in the higher priority
queues are transmitted first.
D-Link’s Green Technology
D-Link’s Green Technology implements special power-saving features under speed at 1000Mbps that detect cable length
and link status and adjust power usage accordingly.
Green Ethernet Technology saves energy in two specific ways:
Method 1: If there is no link on a port, such as when there is no computer connected to the port or the connected computer
is powered off, Green Ethernet Technology will enter a "sleep mode", drastically reducing power used for that port.
Method 2: D-Link Green Ethernet detects the length of connected Ethernet cable and adjusts power usage accordingly
without affecting performance. This way, a port connected to a less than 20m cable only uses as much power as it needs,
instead of using full power, which is only needed for 100m cables.
Switching Technology
Another key development pushing the limits of Ethernet technology is in the field of switching technology. A switch
bridges Ethernet packets at the MAC address level of the Ethernet protocol transmitting among connected Ethernet or fast
Ethernet LAN segments.
Switching is a cost-effective way of increasing the total network capacity available to users on a local area network. A
switch increases capacity and decreases network loading by making it possible for a local area network to be divided into
different segments that do not compete with each other for network transmission capacity, decreasing the load on each
segment.
The switch acts as a high-speed selective bridge between the individual segments. Traffic that needs to go from one
segment to another (from one port to another) is automatically forwarded by the switch, without interfering with any other
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
segments (ports). This allows the total network capacity to be multiplied, while still maintaining the same network cabling
and adapter cards.
For Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet networks, a Switch is an effective way of eliminating problems of chaining hubs
beyond the “two-repeater limit.” A Switch can be used to split parts of the network into different collision domains, for
example, making it possible to expand your Fast Ethernet network beyond the 205-meter network diameter limit for
100BASE-TX networks. Switches supporting both traditional 10Mbps Ethernet and 100Mbps Fast Ethernet are also ideal
for bridging between existing 10Mbps networks and new 100Mbps networks.
Switching LAN technology is a marked improvement over the previous generation of network bridges, which were
characterized by higher latencies. Routers have also been used to segment local area networks, but the cost of a router and
the setup and maintenance required make routers relatively impractical. Today’s Switches are an ideal solution to most
kinds of local area network congestion problems.
Switch Description
The DGS-1005D Switch is equipped with five ports providing dedicated 10, 100, or 1000 Mbps bandwidth. These ports
can be used for connecting PCs, printers, servers, routers, Switches, hubs, and other network devices. The five multi-speed
ports use standard twisted pair cabling and are ideal for segmenting networks into small, connected subnets. Each port can
support up to 2000 Mbps of throughput in full-duplex mode. This stand-alone Switch enables the network to use some of
the most demanding multimedia and imaging applications concurrently with other user applications without creating
bottlenecks.
Features
The DGS-1005D 5-Port 10/100/1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet Switch was designed for easy installation and high
performance in an environment where traffic on the network and the number of users increase continuously.

Five 10/100/1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet ports

Cable Diagnostics function at Switch boot up

Supports Auto-Negotiation for 10/100/1000Mbps and duplex mode

Supports Auto-MDI/MDIX for each port

Supports Full/Half duplex transfer mode for 10 and 100Mbps

Supports Full-duplex transfer mode for 1000Mbps

Full wire speed reception and transmission

Store-and-Forward switching method

Supports 4K absolute MAC addresses

Supports 128KBytes RAM for data buffering

IEEE 802.3x flow control for full duplex

IEEE 802.1p priority queues

Back pressure flow control for half duplex

Jumbo Frame Support at 1000Mbps (9000Bytes )

D-Link’s Green Technology
Front-Panel Components
The top case of the Switch consists of LED indicators, 5 (10/100/1000 Mbps) Ethernet ports.
Figure 1-1. Front Panel View of the Switch
Comprehensive LED indicators display the status of the Switch and the network.
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
LED Indicators
The LED indicators of the Switch include Power, and Link/Act/Speed. The following shows the LED indicators for the
Switch along with an explanation of each indicator.
Figure 1-2. LED Indicators
Comprehensive LED indicators display the conditions of the Switch and status of the network. A description of these
LED indicators follows (see LED Indicators). The LED indicators of the Switch include Power, Link/Act/Speed. The
Cable Diagnostics functions of the Switch are indicated by Link/Act/Speed LED, as described below.
 Power Indicator
This green indicator light is on when the Switch is receiving power; otherwise, it is off.
 Link/Act/Speed
When connected to a 1000Mbps device, this LED indicator light is green when the port is connected to a
device and will blink as data is transmitted or received.
When connected to a 10/100Mbps device, this LED indicator light is amber when the port is connected to a
device and will blink as data is transmitted or received.

Cable Diagnostics  LED Indications
When the Switch is booted up (when the Switch is first powered on), the Cable Diagnostics function is
initialized and run. The Cable Diagnostics function will detect three common faults in an Ethernet cable
connecting the Switch to a remote network device: an open circuit (a lack of continuity between the pins at
each end of the Ethernet cable or a disconnected cable), a short circuit (two or more conductors shortcircuited), and improper termination (a termination resistance greater than the specified 100 ohms). Any of
these common cable faults will be detected by the Cable Diagnostics function and the LEDs will display the
results of the Cable Diagnostics function.
The Cable Diagnostics first scans the 5 / 8 Ethernet ports to determine if the Ethernet cable is in good
working order. This process is indicated by the Link/Act/Speed LED blinking green for each of the 5 / 8 ports
sequentially. If a cable fault is detected, it is indicated by the corresponding port’s Link/Act/Speed LED
glowing amber after the initial port scan. If the cable connection is good, the corresponding port’s
Link/Act/Speed LED will glowing green. After the display of cable status, the Switch is then reset for normal
operation.
Note: There is no display of cable faults detected by the Cable Diagnostics during the normal operation of the
Switch, only when the Switch is booted up or power-cycled.
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Rear Panel Description
DC Power Jack:
Power is supplied through an external AC power adapter. Check the technical specification section for information about
the AC power input voltage.
Figure 1-3. Rear panel view of the Switch
10/100/1000BASE-T Ports:
Five (5) Gigabit Ethernet, Auto-Negotiating ports (10/100/1000Mbps)
Comprehensive LED indicators display the conditions of the Switch and status of the network.
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
SECTION 2
Installation
Package Contents
Before You Connect to the Network
Installing the Switch
Power On
Package Contents
Open the shipping carton of the Switch and carefully unpack its contents. The carton should contain the following items:

One DGS-1005D 5-Port 10/100/1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet Switch

One external power adapter

Wall-mounting kit

CD with documentation
If any item is missing or damaged, please contact your local D-Link reseller for replacement.
Before You Connect to the Network
The site where you install the Switch may greatly affect its performance. Please follow these guidelines for setting up the
Switch.

Install the Switch on a sturdy, level surface that can support at least 3 kg (6.6 lbs.) of weight. Do not place heavy
objects on the Switch.

The power outlet should be within 1.82 meters (6 feet) of the Switch.

Visually inspect the power cord and see that it is fully secured to the AC power port.

Make sure that there is adequate space for proper heat dissipation from and adequate ventilation around the Switch.
Leave at least 10 cm (4 inches) of space at the front and rear of the Switch for ventilation.

Install the Switch in a fairly cool and dry place for the acceptable temperature and humidity operating ranges.

Install the Switch in a site free from strong electromagnetic field generators (such as motors), vibration, dust, and
direct exposure to sunlight.

When installing the Switch on a level surface, attach the rubber feet to the bottom of the device. The rubber feet
cushion the Switch, protect the casing from scratches, and prevent it from scratching other surfaces.
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Mounting the Switch on a Wall
The DGS-1005D can also be mounted on a wall. Two mounting slots are provided on the bottom of the switch for this
purpose. Please make sure that the front panel is exposed in order to view the LEDs. Please refer to the illustration below:
A.) Mounting on a cement wall
1.
Mount the Nylon screw anchors into a cement wall.
2.
3.
Drive the T3 x 15L screws into the Nylon screw anchors.
Hook the mounting holes of the switch back on the screws; you have completed the wall-mount.
B.) Mounting on a wood wall
1. Drive the T3 x 15 L screws into the wood wall.
2. Hook the mounting holes of the switch back on the screws; you have completed the wall-mount.
(1)
3/4 inch minimum for wood wall.
(2)
3 inch minimum for cement wall.
Figure 2-1. Mounting the Switch to a Wall
C.) Mounting on a metal wall
1.
2.
3.
Mount the magnetic base screws (optional) onto the mounting holes of the switch.
Attach the switch to a metallic surface.
The magnet kit is optional and is not included in the package contents.
Power On
Plug one end of the AC to DC power adapter into the power connector of the Switch and the other end into the local power
source outlet.
After the Switch is powered on, the LED indicators will momentarily blink. This blinking of the LED indicators represents
a reset of the system.
Power Failure
As a precaution, in the event of a power failure, unplug the Switch. When power is resumed, plug the Switch back in.
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Section 3
Connecting The Switch
Switch To End Node
Switch To Hub or Switch
Connecting To a Server
NOTE: All 5 high-performance NWay Ethernet ports can support both
MDI-II and MDI-X connections.
Switch To End Node
End nodes include PCs outfitted with a 10, 100, or 1000 Mbps RJ-45 Ethernet/Fast Ethernet Network Interface Card (NIC)
and most routers.
An end node can be connected to the Switch via a twisted-pair Category 3, 4, 5, or 5e UTP/STP cable. The end node can be
connected to any of the ports of the Switch.
Figure 3-1. Switch connected to an end node
Switch to Hub or Switch
These connections can be accomplished in a number of ways using a standard Ethernet cable.
 A 10BASE-T hub or switch can be connected to the Switch via a twisted-pair Category 3, 4, 5, or 5e UTP/STP
cable.
 A 100BASE-T hub or switch can be connected to the Switch via a twisted -pair Category 5 or better UTP/STP
cable.
 A 1000BASE-T switch can be connected to the Switch via a twisted -pair Category 5 or better UTP/STP cable.
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Figure 3-2. Switch connected to a port on a hub or switch using either a straight or crossover cable–any
standard Ethernet cable is fine
Connecting To Network Backbone or Server
Any of the five Gigabit Ethernet ports are ideal for uplinking to a network backbone or network server.
Figure 3-3. Connection to a Server
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
General
Standards:
IEEE 802.3ab 1000BASE-T
IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T
IEEE 802.3x Flow Control
IEEE 802.1p priority Queues
Protocol:
CSMA/CD
Data
Rate:
Transfer
Ethernet:
Fast Ethernet:
10Mbps
(Half-duplex)
20Mbps
(Full-duplex)
100Mbps
(Half-duplex)
200Mbps
(Full-duplex)
Gigabit Ethernet: 2000Mbps
(Full-duplex)
Topology:
Star
Network Cables:
Ethernet:
2-pair UTP Cat. 3,4,5, Unshield Twisted Pair (UTP) Cable
Fast Ethernet:
2-pair UTP Cat. 5, Unshield Twisted Pair (UTP) Cable
Gigabit Ethernet: 4-pair UTP Cat. 5, Unshield Twisted Pair (UTP) Cable
Number of Ports:
Five 10/100/1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet ports
Physical and Environmental
DC Inputs:
AC-DC 5V/1.2A
This unit is to be used with a power supply listed below, or equivalent:
CF0605-B / AMS1-0501200FU for USA CF0605-D / AMS1-0501200FS for Australia
CF0605-C / AMS1-0501200FB for UK
CF0605-N / AMS1-0501200FC for China
CF0605-E / AMS1-0501200FV for Europe
(Different power lists would be packed for different shipping regions)
Operating
Temperature:
0 C ~ 40℃(32F ~ 104F )
Storage
Temperature:
-10C ~ 70C (14F ~ 158F)
Humidity:
5% ~ 95% RH, non-condensing
Dimensions:
5.7 in x 4.0 in x 1.3 in
(144.2 mm x 100.2 mm x 32.6 mm)
EMI
FCC Class B, ICES-003 Class B, CE Class B, VCCI Class B
Safety:
cUL + CB
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Performance
Transmission
Method:
Store-and-forward
RAM Buffer:
128KBytes per device
Filtering Address
Table:
4K MAC address per device
Packet Filtering/
Forwarding Rate:
Full wire speed
MAC Address
Learning:
Self-learning, auto-aging
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Glossary
1000BASE-SX – A short laser wavelength on multimode fiber optic cable for a maximum length of 550 meters.
1000BASE-LX – A long wavelength for a "long haul" fiber optic cable for a maximum length of 10 kilometers.
100BASE-FX – 100Mbps Ethernet implementation over fiber.
100BASE-TX – 100Mbps Ethernet implementation over Category 5 and Type 1 Twisted Pair cabling.
10BASE-T – The IEEE 802.3 specification for Ethernet over Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) cabling.
aging – The automatic removal of dynamic entries from the Switch Database which have timed-out and are no longer
valid.
ATM – Asynchronous Transfer Mode. A connection oriented transmission protocol based on fixed length cells
(packets). ATM is designed to carry a complete range of user traffic, including voice, data, and video signals.
auto-negotiation – A feature on a port, which allows it to advertise its capabilities for speed, duplex, and flow control.
When connected to an end station that also supports auto-negotiation, the link can self-detect its optimum operating
setup.
backbone port – A port that does not learn device addresses, and that receives all frames with an unknown address.
Backbone ports are normally used to connect the Switch to the backbone of your network. Note that backbone ports
were formerly known as designated downlink ports.
backbone – The part of a network used as the primary path for transporting traffic between network segments.
Bandwidth – Information capacity, measured in bits per second, that a channel can transmit. The bandwidth of
Ethernet is 10Mbps, the bandwidth of Fast Ethernet is 100Mbps.
baud rate – The switching speed of a line. Also known as line speed.
BOOTP – The BOOTP protocol allows you to automatically map an IP address to a given MAC address each time a
device is started. In addition, the protocol can assign the subnet mask and default gateway to a device.
bridge – A device that interconnects local or remote networks no matter what higher level protocols are involved.
Bridges form a single logical network, centralizing network administration.
broadcast – A message sent to all destination devices on the network.
broadcast storm – Multiple simultaneous broadcasts that typically absorb available network bandwidth and can cause
network failure.
console port – The port on the Switch accepting a terminal or modem connector. It changes the parallel arrangement
of data within computers to the serial form used on data transmission links. This port is most often used for dedicated
local management.
CSMA/CD – Channel access method used by Ethernet and IEEE 802.3 standards, in which devices transmit only after
finding the data channel clear for some period of time. When two devices transmit simultaneously, a collision occurs
and the colliding devices delay their retransmissions for a random amount of time.
data center switching – The point of aggregation within a corporate network where a switch provides highperformance access to server farms, a high-speed backbone connection, and a control point for network management
and security.
Ethernet – A LAN specification developed jointly by Xerox, Intel, and Digital Equipment Corporation. Ethernet
networks operate at 10Mbps using CSMA/CD to run over cabling.
Fast Ethernet – 100Mbps technology based on the Ethernet/CD network access method.
Flow Control – (IEEE 802.3x) A means of holding packets back at the transmit port of the connected end station.
Prevents packet loss at a congested switch port.
forwarding – The process of sending a packet toward its destination by an internetworking device.
full duplex – A system that allows packets to be transmitted and received at the same time and, in effect, doubles the
potential throughput of a link.
half duplex – A system that allows packets to be transmitted and received, but not at the same time. Contrast with full
duplex.
IP address – Internet Protocol address. A unique identifier for a device attached to a network using TCP/IP. The
address is written as four octets separated with full-stops (periods), and is made up of a network section, an optional
subnet section and a host section.
IPX – Internetwork Packet Exchange. A protocol allowing communication in a NetWare network.
LAN – Local Area Network. A network of connected computing resources (such as PCs, printers, servers) covering a
relatively small geographic area (usually not larger than a floor or building). Characterized by high data rates and low
error rates.
D-Link DGS-1005D Unmanaged Gigabit Ethernet Switch
latency – The delay between the time a device receives a packet and the time the packet is forwarded out of the
destination port.
line speed – See baud rate.
main port – The port in a resilient link that carries data traffic in normal operating conditions.
MDI – Medium Dependent Interface. An Ethernet port connection where the transmitter of one device is connected to
the receiver of another device.
MDIX – Medium Dependent Interface Cross-over. An Ethernet port connection where the internal transmit and
receive lines are crossed.
MIB – Management Information Base. Stores a device’s management characteristics and parameters. MIBs are used
by the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) to contain attributes of their managed systems. The Switch
contains its own internal MIB.
multicast – Single packets copied to a specific subset of network addresses. These addresses are specified in the
destination-address field of the packet.
protocol – A set of rules for communication between devices on a network. The rules dictate format, timing,
sequencing, and error control.
resilient link – A pair of ports that can be configured so that one will take over data transmission should the other fail.
See also main port and standby port.
RJ-45 – Standard 8-wire connectors for IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T networks.
RMON – Remote Monitoring. Subset of SNMP MIB II, which allows monitoring and management capabilities by
addressing up to ten different groups of information.
RPS – Redundant Power System. A device that provides a backup source of power when connected to the Switch.
server farm – A cluster of servers in a centralized location serving a large user population.
SLIP – Serial Line Internet Protocol. A protocol that allows IP to run over a serial line connection.
SNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol. A protocol originally designed to be used in managing TCP/IP
internets. SNMP is presently implemented on a wide range of computers and networking equipment and may be used
to manage many aspects of network and end station operation.
Spanning Tree Protocol – (STP) A bridge-based system for providing fault tolerance on networks. STP works by
allowing you to implement parallel paths for network traffic, and to ensure that redundant paths are disabled when the
main paths are operational and enabled if the main paths fail.
stack – A group of network devices that are integrated to form a single logical device.
standby port – The port in a resilient link that will take over data transmission if the main port in the link fails.
switch – A device that filters, forwards, and floods packets based on the packet’s destination address. The Switch
learns the addresses associated with each switch port and builds tables based on this information to be used for the
switching decision.
TCP/IP – A layered set of communications protocols providing Telnet terminal emulation, FTP file transfer, and other
services for communication among a wide range of computer equipment.
Telnet – A TCP/IP application protocol that provides virtual terminal service, letting a user log in to another computer
system and access a host as if the user were connected directly to the host.
TFTP – Trivial File Transfer Protocol. Allows you to transfer files (such as software upgrades) from a remote device
using your switch’s local management capabilities.
UDP – User Datagram Protocol. An Internet standard protocol that allows an application program on one device to
send a datagram to an application program on another device.
VLAN – Virtual LAN. A group of location- and topology-independent devices that communicate as if they are on a
common physical LAN.
VLT – Virtual LAN Trunk. A Switch-to-Switch link which carries traffic for all the VLANs on each Switch.
VT100 – A type of terminal which uses ASCII characters. VT100 screens have a text-based appearance.