AD-170SE
(Straight Exhaust)
Installation/Operator’s Manual
WARNING: For your safety the information in this manual must be
followed to minimize the risk of fire or explosion or to
prevent property damage, personal injury or death.
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapor
and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other
appliance.
WHAT DO YOU DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
* Do not try to light any appliance.
* Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any phone in your
building.
* Clear the room, building or area of all occupants.
* Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor's phone.
Follow the gas supplier's instructions.
* If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department.
Installation and service must be performed by a qualified installer,
service agency or the gas supplier.
For replacement parts, contact the distributor from which the dryer
was purchased or
American Dryer Corporation
88 Currant Road
Fall River MA 02720-4781
Telephone: (508) 678-9000 / Fax: (508) 678-9447
E-mail: parts@amdry.com
ADC Part No. 112169
Retain This Manual In A Safe Place For Future Reference
American Dryer Corporation products embody advanced concepts in engineering, design, and safety. If this
product is properly maintained, it will provide many years of safe, efficient, and trouble-free operation.
ONLY properly licensed technicians should service this equipment.
OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS displayed on the equipment or specified in the installation/operator's
manual included with the dryer.
WARNING: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should the door switch or the heat circuit devices
ever be disabled.
WARNING: The dryer must never be operated with any of the back guards, outer tops, or
service panels removed. PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD RESULT.
We have tried to make this manual as complete as possible and hope you will find it useful. ADC reserves the
right to make changes from time to time, without notice or obligation, in prices, specifications, colors, and material,
and to change or discontinue models.
Important
For your convenience, log the following information:
DATE OF PURCHASE
MODEL NO.
AD-170SE
DISTRIBUTORS NAME
Serial Number(s)
Replacement parts can be obtained from your distributor or the ADC factory. When ordering replacement parts
from the factory, you can FAX your order to ADC at (508) 678-9447 or telephone your orders directly to the
ADC Parts Department at (508) 678-9000. Please specify the dryer model number and serial number in
addition to the description and part number, so that your order is processed accurately and promptly.
The illustrations on the following pages may not depict your particular dryer exactly. The illustrations are a
composite of the various dryer models. Be sure to check the descriptions of the parts thoroughly before ordering.
“IMPORTANT NOTE TO PURCHASER”
Information must be obtained from your local gas supplier on the instructions
to be followed if the user smells gas. These instructions must be posted in a
prominent location near the dryer.
IMPORTANT
YOU MUST DISCONNECT and LOCKOUT THE ELECTRIC
SUPPLY and THE GAS SUPPLY or THE STEAM SUPPLY BEFORE ANY
COVERS or GUARDS ARE REMOVED FROM THE MACHINE TO
ALLOW ACCESS FOR CLEANING, ADJUSTING, INSTALLATION, or
TESTING OF ANY EQUIPMENT per OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health
Administration) STANDARDS.
CAUTION
LABEL ALL WIRES PRIOR TO DISCONNECTION WHEN SERVICING
CONTROLS. WIRING ERRORS CAN CAUSE IMPROPER AND DANGEROUS OPERATION.
VERIFY PROPER OPERATION AFTER SERVICING.
CAUTION
DRYER(S) SHOULD NEVER BE LEFT UNATTENDED WHILE IN
OPERATION.
WARNING
CHILDREN SHOULD NOT BE ALLOWED TO PLAY ON OR NEAR
THE DRYER(S).
CHILDREN SHOULD BE SUPERVISED IF NEAR DRYER(S) IN
OPERATION.
WARNING
The dryer must never be operated with any of the back guards, outer tops,
or service panels removed. PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD
RESULT.
FOR YOUR SAFETY
DO NOT STORE OR USE GASOLINE OR OTHER FLAMMABLE
VAPOR AND LIQUIDS IN THE VICINITY OF THIS OR ANY OTHER
APPLIANCE .
DO NOT DRY MOP HEADS IN THE DRYER.
DO NOT USE DRYER IN THE PRESENCE OF DRY CLEANING FUMES.
IMPORTANT
PLEASE OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS displayed on the
equipment and/or specified in the installation/operator's manual included with
the dryer.
Dryer(s) must not be installed or stored in an area where it will be exposed to
water and/or weather.
The wiring diagram for the dryer is located in the front electrical control box area.
Table of Contents
SECTION I
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
A. RECEIVING and HANDLING ....................................................................................................... 3
B. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS .............................................................................................................. 4
SECTION II
SPECIFICATIONS
A. SPECIFICATIONS (Gas and Steam Models) .................................................................................. 6
B. COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION ............................................................................................... 8
SECTION III
INSTALLATION PROCEDURES
A. LOCATION REQUIREMENTS .................................................................................................... 10
B. UNPACKING/SETTING UP ........................................................................................................ 11
C. DRYER ENCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................... 13
D. FRESH AIR SUPPLY .................................................................................................................... 14
E. EXHAUST REQUIREMENTS ...................................................................................................... 15
F. ELECTRICAL INFORMATION ................................................................................................... 21
G. GAS INFORMATION .................................................................................................................. 25
H. STEAM INFORMATION ............................................................................................................. 29
I. PREPARATION FOR OPERATION / START-UP ........................................................................ 33
J. PREOPERATIONAL TESTS ........................................................................................................ 34
K. SHUT DOWN INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................................. 36
L. COMPRESSED AIR REQUIREMENTS ...................................................................................... 37
SECTION IV
SERVICE / PARTS INFORMATION
A. SERVICE ...................................................................................................................................... 38
B. PARTS ........................................................................................................................................... 38
SECTION V
WARRANTY INFORMATION
A. RETURNING WARRANTY CARD(S) ......................................................................................... 39
B. WARRANTY ................................................................................................................................ 39
C. RETURNING WARRANTY PART(S) .......................................................................................... 39
SECTION VI
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
A. CLEANING .................................................................................................................................. 41
B. ADJUSTMENTS ........................................................................................................................... 43
C. LUBRICATION ............................................................................................................................ 43
SECTION VII
TROUBLESHOOTING .................................................................................................................... 44
SECTION VIII
REVERSING TIMER SPIN / DWELL ADJUSTMENTS ............................................................ 61
SECTION IX
DATA LABEL LOCATION/INFORMATION ................................................................................ 62
SECTION X
PROCEDURE FOR FUNCTIONAL CHECK OF REPLACEMENT COMONENTS ................ 64
SECTION I
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
A. RECEIVING and HANDLING
The dryer is shipped in a protective stretch wrap cover with protective cardboard corners and top cover
(or optional box) as a means of preventing damage in transit. Upon delivery, the dryer and/or packaging, and
wooden skid should be visually inspected for shipping damage. If any damage whatsoever is noticed, inspect
further before delivering carrier leaves.
Dryers damaged in shipment:
1. ALL dryers should be inspected upon receipt and before they are signed for.
2. If there is suspected damage or actual damage, the trucker's receipt should be so noted.
3. If the dryer is damaged beyond repair, it should be refused. Those dryers which were not damaged in a
damaged shipment should be accepted, but the number received and the number refused must be noted
on the receipt.
4. If you determine that the dryer was damaged after the trucker has left your location, you should call the
delivering carrier's freight terminal immediately and file a claim. The freight company considers this
concealed damage. This type of freight claim is very difficult to get paid and becomes extremely difficult
when more than a day or two passes after the freight was delivered. It is your responsibility to file freight
claims. Dryer/parts damaged in transit cannot be claimed under warranty.
5. Freight claims are the responsibility of the consignee, and ALL claims must be filed at the receiving end.
ADC assumes no responsibility for freight claims or damages.
6. If you need assistance in handling the situation, please contact the ADC Traffic Manager at
(508) 678-9000.
IMPORTANT: The dryer must be transported and handled in an upright position at all times.
3
B. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING: For your safety, the information in this manual must be followed to minimize
the risk of fire or explosion or to prevent property damage, personal injury, or
loss of life.
WARNING: The dryer must never be operated with any of the back guards, outer tops,
or service panels removed. PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD
RESULT.
1. DO NOT store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other
appliance.
2. Purchaser/user should consult the local gas supplier for proper instructions to be followed in the event
the user smells gas. The instructions should be posted in a prominent location.
3. WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS..
a. DO NOT try to light any appliance.
b. DO NOT touch any electrical switch.
c. DO NOT use any phone in your building.
d. Clear the room, building, or area of ALL occupants.
e. Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor's phone. Follow the gas supplier's instructions.
f. If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department.
4. Installation and service must be performed by a qualified installer, service agency, or gas supplier.
5. Dryer(s) must be exhausted to the outdoors.
6. Although ADC produces a very versatile machine, there are some articles that, due to fabric composition
or cleaning method, should not be dried in it.
WARNING: Dry only water-washed fabrics. DO NOT dry articles spotted or washed in dry
cleaning solvents, a combustible detergent, or "all purpose" cleaner.
EXPLOSION COULD RESULT.
WARNING: DO NOT dry rags or articles coated or contaminated with gasoline, kerosene,
oil, paint, wax. EXPLOSION COULD RESULT.
4
WARNING: DO NOT dry mop heads. Contamination by wax or flammable solvents
will create a fire hazard.
WARNING: DO NOT use heat for drying articles that contain plastic, foam, sponge rubber,
or similarly textured rubber materials. Drying in a heated basket (tumbler) may
damage plastics or rubber and also may be a fire hazard.
7. A program should be established for the inspection and cleaning of lint in the heating unit area, exhaust
duct work, and inside the dryer. The frequency of inspection and cleaning can best be determined from
experience at each location.
WARNING: The collection of lint in the burner area and exhaust duct work can create a
potential fire hazard.
8. For personal safety, the dryer must be electrically grounded in accordance with local codes and/or the
National Electric Code ANSI/NFPA NO. 70-LATEST EDITION.
NOTE: Failure to do so will VOID THE WARRANTY.
9. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should the dryer door switches, lint door switch, heat safety circuit
ever be disabled.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD RESULT.
10. This dryer is not to be used in the presence of dry cleaning solvents or fumes.
11. Remove articles from the dryer as soon as the drying cycle has been completed.
WARNING: Articles left in the dryer after the drying and cooling cycles have been completed
can create a fire hazard.
12. DO NOT operate steam dryers with more than 125 PSI steam pressure. Excessive steam pressure can
damage steam coil and/or harm personnel.
13. Replace leaking flexible hoses or other steam fixtures immediately. DO NOT operate the dryer with
leaking flexible hoses. PERSONAL INJURY MAY RESULT.
14. READ and FOLLOW ALL CAUTION and DIRECTION LABELS ATTACHED TO THE DRYER.
5
SECTION II
SPECIFICATIONS / COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION
A. SPECIFICATIONS (GAS and STEAM)
Maximum Capacity (Dry Weight)
170 lbs.
77.1 kg
Basket Diameter
51-1/2"
130.8 cm
Basket Depth
42-1/2"
107.9 cm
Basket Motor
1 HP
.746 kw
Blower Motor
7-1/2 HP
5.6 kw
31-3/8"
79.7 cm
51.2 cu. ft.
1.45 cu. m.
Door Opening (Diameter)
Basket Volume
Dryers Per 20' / 40' Container
3/7
Dryers Per 45' / 48' Truck
8/8
Voltage Available
208-600v / 3Ø / 3, 4w 50/60Hz
550,000 btu/hr
138,600 kcal/hr
Approx. Weight (Uncrated)
1,900 lbs.
861.3 kg
Approx. Weight (Crated)
2,065 lbs.
936.1 kg
Airflow
3,700 cfm
104.75 cmm
1-1/2"
3.81 cm
1/8" F.P.T.
.318 cm
2.5 cfm @ 80 PSI
.007 cmm
Gas
Heat Input
Inlet Size
Compressed Air Connection
Compressed Air Requirement
Steam
Voltage Available
208-600v / 3Ø / 3, 4w 50/60Hz
Approx. Weight (Uncrated)
2,050 lbs.
929.3 kg
Approx. Weight (Crated)
2,220 lbs.
1,006.3 kg
Heat Input
19 Bhp
Steam Consumption
725 lbs/hr
329.1 kg/hr
Airflow
4,400 cfm
124.56 cmm
Inlet Size
1-1/2"
3.81 cm
Return Size
1-1/2"
3.81 cm
1/8" F.P.T
.318 cm
6 cfh @ 80 PSI
.017 cmm
Compressed Air Connection
Compressed Air Requirement
Shaded areas are stated in metric equivalents.
IMPORTANT: Gas dryers and Steam dryers must be provided with a clean, dry, regulated 80
PSI(+/-10 PSI) air supply.
NOTE: ADC RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES IN SPECIFICATIONS AT
ANY TIME, WITHOUT NOTICE or OBLIGATION.
6
Specifications
ADG-170SE
ADS-170SE
NOTE: OPERATING HEIGHT OF STEAM DRYER IS 101 inches (256.54 cm).
NOTE: ADC RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES IN SPECIFICATIONS AT
ANY TIME, WITHOUT NOTICE or OBLIGATION.
7
B. COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION
1. DRYER FRONT VIEW
Illus. No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Description
Microprocessor Control / Keyboard Panel Assembly (Controls)
Control (Top Access) Door Assembly
Main Door Assembly
Lint Door Assembly
Lint Drawer
Wire Diagram (Located Behind Control Door)
Top Console (Module) Assembly
Data Label and Installation Label
8
2. DRYER REAR VIEW
Illus. No.
1
2
3
4
5*
6
7
8
9
10
11
*
Description
Basket (Drive) Motor Assembly
Blower Motor Mount Assembly
Idler Bearing Mount Assembly
Tumbler Bearing Mount Assembly
Electric Service Relay Box
Heating Unit
Data Label and Installation Label
1/8" Compressed Air Supply Inlet (Behind Gusset)
Side Access Opening
Front Access Opening
Impellor (fan) Assembly
Electric service connections are made in this box.
9
SECTION III
INSTALLATION PROCEDURES
Installation should be performed by competent technicians in accordance with local and state codes. In the
absence of these codes, the installation must conform to applicable AMERICAN NATIONAL
STANDARDS:
ANSI.Z223.1-LATEST EDITION (National Fuel Gas Code)
and/or
ANSI/NFPA NO. 70-LATEST EDITION (National Electric Code)
A. LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
Before installing the dryer, be sure the location conforms to local codes and ordinances. In the absence of such
codes or ordinances the location must conform with the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI.Z223.1LATEST EDITION.
1. The dryer must be installed on a sound level floor capable of supporting its weight. It is recommended
that carpeting be removed from the floor area that the dryer is to rest on.
2. The dryer must not be installed or stored in an area where it will be exposed to water and/or weather.
3. Provisions for adequate air supply must be provided as noted in this manual (refer to Fresh Air Supply
in Section D).
4. Clearance provisions must be made from combustible construction as noted in this manual (refer to
Dryer Enclosure Requirements in Section C).
5. Provisions must be made for adequate clearances for servicing and for operation as noted in this manual
(refer to Dryer Enclosure Requirements in Section C).
6. Dryer must be exhausted to the outdoors (refer to Exhaust Requirements in Section E).
7. Dryer must be located in an area where correct exhaust venting can be achieved as noted in the manual
(refer to Exhaust Requirements in Section E).
8. Dryer must be located in an area where correct exhaust venting can be achieved as noted in this manual
(refer to Exhaust Requirements in Section E).
IMPORTANT: Dryer should be located where a minimum amount of exhaust duct will be
necessary.
10
B. UNPACKING/SETTING UP
Remove protective shipping material (i.e., plastic wrap, and/or optional shipping box) from dryer.
IMPORTANT: Dryer must be transported and handled in an upright position at all times.
The dryer can be moved to its final location while still attached to the skid or with the skid
removed. To un-skid the dryer, locate and remove the four (4) lag bolts securing the base of the dryer to the
wooden skid. Two (2) are located at the rear base (remove the back panel for access), and two (2) are located
in the bottom of the lint chamber. To remove the two (2) lag bolts located in the lint chamber area, remove the lint
drawer and the four (4) Phillips head screws securing lint door in place.
1. LEVELING DRYER
a. To level dryer, place 4-inch square metal shims or other suitable material under the base pads. It is
suggested that the dryer be tilted slightly to the rear (refer to illustration above) .
2. The V-belts are disconnected from the basket drive motor for shipping. Reconnect V-belts before starting
the dryer.
a. To Reconnect V-belts
1) Remove hardware holding the back (belt) guard and remove guard from the dryer.
2) Lay one (1) belt into motor sheave (pulley) groove and wind belt into corresponding groove of
idler pulley by rotating the idler pulley by hand. Rotate the idler pulley an extra turn or two to
insure that the belt is tracking properly in the motor sheave (pulley) and idler pulley grooves
without twisting.
11
3. If more headroom is needed when moving dryer into position, the top console (module) may be
removed.
a. To Remove Top Console (Module)
1) Disconnect the ground wire (A) at the Rear Upper Left Hand
Corner of Dryer.
2) Remove the eight (8) set of
nuts and washers (B) holding
the console (module) to base.
3) Disconnect white plug connector (C) located on top of the
rear electric service/relay box
(provides power to the heat
circuit).
4) Disconnect air connection from
the 3-way micro valve.
5) Lift the console (module) off of the dryer base.
IMPORTANT: The dryer must be transported and handled in an upright position at all times.
4. EXHAUST DUCT WORK
NOTE: A Transition Piece for the exhaust is shipped
inside the tumbler (basket). This Transition
Piece is for locations with round exhaust duct
work.
a. To install the Transition Piece, align the four (4) clinch studs
into the four (4) clearance holes on the dryer.
b. Using the four (4) free spin washnuts (included with the
Transition Piece), tighten the washnuts on to the clinch
studs which will secure the Transition Piece to the dryer.
c. The round duct can now be connected to the dryer.
12
C. DRYER ENCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS
Even though a 12-inch clearance is acceptable, it is recommended that the rear of the dryer be positioned
approximately two (2) feet (24-inches) from the nearest obstruction (i.e., wall) for ease of installation,
maintenance, and service. Bulkheads and partitions should be made from noncombustible materials. The
clearance between the bulkhead header and the dryer must be a minimum of 4-inches and must not extend
more than 4-inches to the rear of the dryer front. A 2-inch clearance is required between the bulkhead facing and
the top of the dryer.
NOTE: Bulkhead facing should not be installed until after dryer is in place. Ceiling area
must be located a minimum of 6-inches above the dryer top console (module) for
gas models and 18-inches for steam models.
Even though a minimum of 6-inches above the dryer console (module) is acceptable
for gas models and 12-inches above the dryer console (module) is acceptable for
steam models, a clearance of 12 inches or more (for gas models) and 18-inches or more
(for steam models) is suggested for ease of installation and service.
NOTE: When fire sprinkler systems are located above the dryers, a minimum of 18-inches
above the dryer console (module) is required. Dryers may be positioned side wall
to side wall; however, 1 or 2-inches is suggested between dryers (or wall) for ease of
installation and maintenance. Allowances must be made for the opening and closing
of the control and lint door.
13
D. FRESH AIR SUPPLY
When the dryer is operating, it draws in room air, heats it, passes this air through the basket (tumbler), and
exhausts it out of the building. Therefore, the room air must be continually replenished from the outdoors. If the make-up air is inadequate, drying time and drying efficiency will be adversely affected.
Ignition problems and sail switch "fluttering" problems may result, as well as premature motor failure
from overheating.
Air supply (make-up air) must be given careful consideration to assure proper performance of each dryer.
An unrestricted source of air is necessary for each dryer. An airflow of 3,700 cfm (cubic feet per minute)
must be supplied to each gas dryer and 4,400 cfm for each steam dryer. As a general rule, an unrestricted
air entrance from the outdoors (atmosphere) of a minimum of four (4) square feet is required for each gas
dryer and a minimum of 4.75 square feet for each gas dryer and a minimum of 4.75 square feet for each
steam dryer or 126 Kw electrically heated dryer.
To compensate for the use of registers or louvers used over the openings, this make-up air area must be
increased by approximately thirty-three (33) percent. Make-up air openings should not be located in an
area directly near where exhaust vents exit the building.
It is not necessary to have a separate make-up air opening for each dryer. Common make-up air openings
are acceptable. However, they must be set up in such a manner that the make-up air is distributed equally
to ALL the dryers.
EXAMPLE: For a bank of six (6) gas dryers, two (2) openings measuring 3 feet by 4 feet
(24 square feet) is acceptable.
Allowances must be made for remote or constricting passageways or where dryers are located at excessive altitudes or predominantly low pressure areas.
IMPORTANT: Make-up air must be provided from a source free of dry cleaning solvent fumes.
Make-up air that is contaminated by dry cleaning solvent fumes will result in
irreparable damage to motors and other dryer components.
NOTE: Component failure due to dry cleaning solvent fumes will VOID THE WARRANTY.
14
E. EXHAUST REQUIREMENTS
1. GENERAL EXHAUST DUCT WORK INFORMATION
Exhaust duct work should be designed and installed by a qualified professional. Improperly sized duct
work will create excessive back pressure which results in slow drying, increased use of energy,
overheating of the dryer, and shutdown of the burner by the airflow (sail) switches, burner hi-limits, or
basket (tumbler) hi-heat thermostats..
CAUTION: DRYER MUST BE EXHAUSTED TO THE OUTDOORS.
CAUTION: IMPROPERLY SIZED OR INSTALLED EXHAUST DUCT WORK CAN
CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
NOTE: When a dryer is exhausted separately, it is recommended that a back draft damper be
installed.
NOTE: When dryers are exhausted into a multiple (common) exhaust line, each dryer must be
supplied with a back draft damper.
The exhaust duct work should be laid out in such a way that the duct work travels as directly as
possible to the outdoors with as few turns as possible. Single or independent dryer venting is
recommended.
i
When single dryer venting is used, the duct work from the dryer to the outside exhaust
outlet should not exceed twenty (20) feet. In the case of multiple (common) dryer venting, the distance
from the last dryer to the outside exhaust outlet should not exceed twenty (20) feet. The shape of the
duct work is not critical so long as the minimum cross section area is provided. It is suggested that the
use of 90º turns in ducting be avoided; use 30º and/or 45º angles instead. The radius of the elbows should
preferably be 1-1/2 times the diameter of the duct. Excluding basket/dryer elbow connections or elbows
used for outside protection from the weather, no more than two (2) elbows should be used in the exhaust
duct run. If more than two (2) elbows are used, the cross section area of the duct work must be increased
n
proportion to number of elbows added.
ALL duct work should be smooth inside with no projections from sheet metal screws or other
obstructions which will collect lint. When adding ducts, the ducts to be added should overlap the duct
to which it is connected. ALL duct work joints must be taped to prevent moisture and lint from
escaping into the building. Additionally, inspection doors should be installed at strategic points in the
exhaust duct work for periodic inspection and clean-out of lint from the duct work.
IMPORTANT: Exhaust back pressure measured by a manometer at the dryer exhaust
duct area must not exceed 0.3 inches of water column.
NOTE: Where the exhaust duct work passes through a wall, ceiling, or roof made of
combustible materials, the opening must be 2-inches larger (all the way around) than
the duct. The duct must be centered within this opening.
15
a.Outside Duct Work Protection
1) To protect the outside end of horizontal duck work from the weather, a 90° elbow bent downward
should be installed where the exhaust exits the building. If the exhaust duct work travels vertically
up through the roof, it should be protected from the weather by using a 180° turn to point the
opening downward. In either case, allow at least twice the diameter of the duct between the duct
opening and the nearest obstruction.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT use screens or caps on the outside of opening of exhaust duct work.
16
2. SINGLE DRYER VENTING
Where possible, it is suggested to provide a separate exhaust duct for each dryer. The exhaust duct
should be laid out in such a way that the duct work travels as directly as possible to the outdoors with as
few turns as possible. It is suggested that the use of 90° turns in ducting be avoided; use 30° and/or 45°
angles instead. The shape of the exhaust duct work is not critical so long as the minimum cross section
area is provided.
IMPORTANT: Minimum duct size is 18-inches for a round duct or 16" x 16" for a square
duct. Duct size must not be reduced anywhere downstream of the dryer.
IMPORTANT: Exhaust back pressure measured by a manometer at each basket (tumbler)
exhaust duct area should not exceed 0.3 inches of water column.
It is suggested that the duct work from each dryer not exceed twenty (20) feet with no more than two (2)
elbows (excluding dryer connections and outside exhaust outlets). If the duct work exceeds twenty (20) feet
or has numerous elbows, the cross-sectional area of duct work must be increased in proportion to the length
and number of elbows in it. In calculating duct size, the cross-sectional area of a square or rectangular duct
must be increased by twenty (20) percent for each additional twenty (20) feet. The diameter of a round
exhaust duct should be increased ten (10) percent for each additional fifteen (15) feet. Each 90° elbow is
equivalent to an additional forty (40) feet, and each 45° elbow is equivalent to an additional twenty (20) feet.
17
IMPORTANT: For extended duct work runs, the cross section area of the duct can only be
increased to an extent. Maximum proportional duct work runs cannot exceed
twenty (20) feet more than the original limitations of twenty (20) feet with
two (2) elbows. When the duct work approaches the maximum limits as
noted in this manual, a professional heating venting air conditioning (HVAC)
firm should be consulted for proper venting information.
ALL duct work should be smooth inside with no projections from sheet metal screws or other obstructions
which will collect lint. When adding ducts, the duct to be added should overlap the duct to which it is to be
connected. ALL duct work joints must be taped to prevent moisture and lint from escaping into the building.
Inspection doors should be installed at strategic points in the exhaust duct work for periodic inspection and
clean-out of lint from the duct work.
NOTE: Where the exhaust duct passes through a wall, ceiling, or roof made of combustible
materials, the opening must be 2-inches larger (all the way around) than the duct.
The duct must be centered within this opening.
a. Outside Duct Work Protection
1) To protect the outside end of horizontal duct work from the weather, a 90° elbow bent downward
should be installed where the exhaust exits the building. If the exhaust duct work travels vertically
up through the roof, it should be protected from the weather by using a 180° turn to point the opening
downward. In either case, allow at least twice the diameter of the duct between the duct opening and
nearest obstruction.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT use screens, louvers, or caps on the outside of opening of exhaust duct
work.
3. MULTIPLE DRYER (COMMON) VENTING
If it is not feasible to provide separate exhaust ducts for each dryer, ducts from individual dryers may be
channeled into a "common main duct". The individual ducts should enter the bottom or side of the main
duct at an angle not more than 45° in the direction of air flow and should be spaced at least 55-1/2 inches
apart. The main duct should be tapered, with the diameter increasing before each individual 18-inch
duct is added.
IMPORTANT: The AD-170SE is not provided with a back draft damper. When exhausted into
a multiple (common) exhaust line, a back draft damper must be installed at
each dryer duct.
IMPORTANT: No more than three (3) dryers should be connected to one main common duct.
18
The main duct may be any shape or cross sectional area, so long as the minimum cross section area is provided.
The illustrations on page 19 and page 20 show the minimum cross section area for multiple dryer round or
square venting. These figures must be increased 10 square inches when rectangular main ducting is used, and
the ratio of duct width to depth should not be greater than 3-1/2 to 1. These figures must be increased in
proportion if the main duct run to the last dryer to where it exhausts to the outdoors is unusually long (over twenty
[20] feet) or has numerous elbows (more than two [2]) in it. In calculating duct work size, the cross section area
of a square or rectangular duct must be increased twenty (20) percent for each additional twenty (20) feet. The
diameter of a round exhaust must be increased ten (10) percent for each additional twenty (20) feet. Each 90°
elbow is equivalent to an additional forty (40) feet, and each 45° elbow is equivalent to an additional twenty (20)
feet. .
IMPORTANT: For extended duct work runs, the cross section area of the duct work can only be
increased to an extent. Maximum proportional duct work runs cannot exceed
twenty (20) feet more than the original limitations of twenty (20) feet with two
(2) elbows. When the duct work approaches the maximum limits as noted in
this manual, a professional HVAC firm should be consulted for proper
venting information.
IMPORTANT: Exhaust back pressure measured by a manometer at each dryer exhaust duct area
should not exceed 0.3 inches of water column.
The duct should be smooth inside with no projections from sheet metal screws or other obstructions which will
collect lint. When adding ducts, the duct to be added should overlap the duct to which it is to be connected. ALL
duct work joints must be taped to prevent moisture and lint from escaping into the building. Inspection doors
should be installed at strategic points in the exhaust duct work for periodic inspection and clean-out of lint from
the duct work.
NOTE: Where the exhaust passes through a wall, ceiling, or roof made of combustible materials,
the opening must be 2-inches larger (all the way around) than the duct. The duct must
be centered within this opening.
a. Outside Duck Work Protection
1) To protect the outside end of horizontal duct work from the weather, a 90° elbow bent downward
should be installed where the exhaust exits the building. If the exhaust duct work travels vertically
up through the roof, it should be protected from the weather by using a 180° turn to point the opening
downward. In either case, allow at least twice the diameter of the duct between the duct opening and
nearest obstruction.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT use screens, louvers, or caps on the outside of opening of exhaust
duct work.
19
20
F. ELECTRICAL INFORMATION
1. Electrical Requirements
It is your responsibility to have ALL electrical connections made by a properly licensed and competent
electrician to assure that the electrical installation is adequate and conforms with local and state
regulations or codes. In the absence of such codes, ALL electrical connections, material, and
workmanship must conform to the applicable requirements of the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA
NO.70-LATEST EDITION.
IMPORTANT: Failure to comply with these codes or ordinances, and/or the requirements
stipulated in this manual can result in personal injury or component failure.
NOTE: Component failure due to improper installation will VOID THE WARRANTY.
Each dryer should be connected to an independently protected branch circuit. The dryer must be connected with copper wire ONLY. DO NOT use aluminum wire which could cause a fire hazard. The
copper conductor wire/cable must be of proper ampacity and insulation in accordance with electric codes
for making ALL service connections.
NOTE: The use of aluminum wire will VOID THE WARRANTY.
21
2. Electrical Service Specifications
ADG-170SE (Gas)
ADS-170SE (Steam)
ELECTRICAL SERVICE SPECIFICATIONS (PER DRYER)
IMPORTANT: 208 VAC
AND
230/240 VAC ARE NOT THE SAME. WHEN
ORDERING , SPECIFY EXACT VOLTAGE.
NOTE: A. Fuse ratings are dual-element, time-delay, current limiting, class RK1 or RK5 ONLY.
B. Circuit breakers are thermal magnetic (industrial) type ONLY. For others, calculate/verify correct
breaker size according to appliance amp draw rating and type of breaker used.
C. Circuit breakers for 3-phase (3ø) dryers must be 3-pole type.
SERVICE
VOLTAGE
PHASE
WIRE
SERVICE
APPROX.
AMP DRAW
50 Hz
---
FUSING
MINIMUM
WIRE SIZE*
Dual Element
Time Delay
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
60 Hz
50 Hz
8
50
---
60
208
3ø
3
60 Hz
29.6
230/240
3ø
3
27.4
---
10
40
---
60
380/400
3ø
3/4
---
14.4
14
---
20
25
416
3ø
3/4
---
14.4
14
---
20
25
460
3ø
3/4
14.8
---
14
20
---
25
575
3ø
3
11.4
---
14
20
---
20
* AWG Stranded Type Wire ... for individual lengths less than 100 feet.
IMPORTANT: The dryer must be connected to the electric supply shown on the data label that
is affixed to the back of the dryer, at the upper right hand corner. In the case of
208 VAC or 230/240 VAC, the supply voltage must match the electric service
specifications of the data label exactly.
WARNING: 208 VAC and 230/240 Volts ARE NOT THE SAME. Any damage done to
dryer components due to improper voltage connections will automatically
VOID THE WARRANTY.
NOTE: ADC reserves the right to make changes in specifications at any time, without notice or
obligation.
22
3. Electrical Connections
NOTE: A wiring diagram is included with each dryer and is affixed to the rear upper right guard/
panel of the dryer.
The only electrical input connections to the dryer are the 3-phase (3Ø) power leads (L1, L2, and L3),
GROUND, and in the case of 4 wire service, the neutral. These electrical connections are made at the
terminal block located in the electric service/relay box at the rear, upper left hand corner of the dryer. To
gain access into this service box, the service cover must be removed.
The "LINE POWER" and the "GROUND" connections to the dryer must be made through the knock out
hole at the top of the electric service / relay box. A strain relief must be used where the line power/ground
wires go into the electric service / relay box.
Providing local codes permit, power connections to the dryer can be made by the use of a flexible
underwriters laboratory listed cord/pigtail (wire size must conform to rating of the dryer), or the dryer
can be hard wired directly to the service breaker. In ALL cases, a strain relief must be used where the
wire(s) enter the dryer electrical service / relay box.
NOTE: A CIRCUIT SERVING EACH DRYER MUST BE PROVIDED.
23
4. Grounding
Grounding (earth) connections must be provided and installed in accordance with state and local codes. In
the absence of the codes, grounding must conform to applicable requirements of the National Electric
Code ANSI/NFPA NO.70LATEST EDITION. The ground connection may be to a proven earth ground at
the location service panel.
NOTE: A grounding connection (terminal lug) is provided in the dryer's electrical service/relay
box at the rear, upper left hand corner of the dryer.
For added personal safety, when possible, it is suggested that a separate ground wire (sized per local codes)
be connected from the ground connection of the dryer to a grounded cold water pipe. DO NOT ground to
a gas or hot water pipe. The grounded cold water pipe must have metal to metal connections all the way to
electrical ground. If there are any non-metallic interruptions, such as a meter, pump, plastic, rubber, or
other insulating connectors, they must be jumped out with no. 4 copper wire and securely clamped to bare
metal at both ends.
IMPORTANT: For personal safety and proper operation, the dryer must be grounded. For
proper operation of the microprocessor (computer), an earth (zero) ground is
required.
NOTE: Grounding via metallic electrical conduit (pipe) is not recommended.
24
G. GAS INFORMATION
It is your responsibility to have ALL plumbing connections made by a qualified professional to assure that the gas
plumbing installation is adequate and conforms with local and state regulations or codes. In the absence of such
codes, ALL plumbing connections, materials, and workmanship must conform to the applicable
requirements of the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1-LATEST EDITION.
IMPORTANT: Failure to comply with these codes or ordinances, and/or the requirements
stipulated in this manual, can result in PERSONAL INJURY and IMPROPER
OPERATION of the dryer.
The dryer and its individual shut-off valves must be disconnected from the gas supply piping system during any
pressure testing of that system at test pressures in excess of 1/2 psig (3.5 kPa). The dryer must be isolated from
the gas supply piping system by closing its individual manual shut-off valve during any pressure test of the gas
supply system at test pressures equal to or less than 1/2 psig (3.5 kPa).
IMPORTANT: Failure to isolate or disconnect the dryer from supply as noted can cause
irreparable damage to the gas valve VOIDING THE WARRANTY.
WARNING: FIRE or EXPLOSION COULD RESULT.
1. Gas Supply
The gas dryer installation must meet the American National Standard...National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1LATEST EDITION, as well as local codes and ordinances and must be done by a qualified professional.
NOTE: Undersized gas piping will result in ignition problems, slow drying, increased use of
energy, and can create a safety hazard.
The dryer must be connected to the type of heat/gas indicated on the dryer label affixed behind the right control
box door. If this information does not agree with the type of gas available, DO NOT operate the dryer.
Contact the distributor who sold the dryer or the ADC factory.
IMPORTANT: Any burner changes or conversions must be made by a qualified professional.
The input ratings shown on the dryer data label are for elevations up to 2,000 feet, unless elevation requirements
of over 2,000 feet were specified at the time the dryer order was placed with the factory. The adjustment or
conversion of dryers in the field for elevations over 2,000 feet are made by changing each burner orifice. If this
conversion is necessary, contact the distributor who sold the dryer or contact the ADC factory.
25
2. Technical Gas Data
a. Gas Specifications
Type of Gas
Manifold Pressure*
Inline Pressure
Natural
Liquid Propane
3.5-4.0 inches W.C.
10.5 - 11.0 inches W.C.
6.0 to 12.0 inches W.C.
11.0 inches W.C.
* Measured at gas valve pressure tap when the gas valve is on.
b. Gas Connections:
Inlet connection ----- 1-1/2-inch N.P.T.
Inlet supply size ----- 1-1/2-inch N.P.T. (minimum)
Btu/hr input (per dryer) ----- 550,000
1) Natural Gas
Regulation is controlled by the dryer's gas valve's internal regulator. Incoming supply pressure must
be consistent between a minimum of 6.0 inches and a maximum of 12.0 inches water column
pressure.
2) Liquid Propane (L.P.) Gas
Dryers made for use with L.P. gas have the gas valve's internal pressure regulator blocked open so
that the gas pressure must be regulated upstream of the dryer. The pressure measured at each gas
valve pressure tap must be a consistent 11.0 inches water column. There is no regulator or regulation
provided in an L.P. dryer. The water column pressure must be regulated at the source (L.P. tank) or
an external regulator must be added to each dryer.
Type of Gas
Natural
Liquid Propane
Model
Number
BTU
Per Hour
Rating
Qty.
D.M.S.*
Part
Number
Qty.
D.M.S.*
Part
Number
ADG-170SE
550,000
4
#2
140839
4
#29
140820
* D.M.S. (Drill Material Size) equivalents are as follows:
Natural Gas ......................
#4
= .2210"
Liquid Propane Gas ......... #29 = .1360"
26
L.P.
Conversion
Kit
Part Number
880978
3. Piping/Connections
ALL components/materials must conform to National Fuel Gas Code Specifications. It is important that gas
pressure regulators meet applicable pressure requirements and that gas meters be rated for the total amount of all
the appliance Btu's being supplied.
The dryer is provided with a 1-1/2-inch N.P.T. inlet pipe connection extending out the back area of the burner
box. The minimum pipe size connection (supply line) to the dryer is 1-1/2-inch N.P.T. For ease of servicing, the
gas supply line of each dryer must have its own shut-off valve.
The size of the main gas supply line (header) will vary depending on the distance this line travels from the gas
meter or, in the case of L.P. gas, the supply tank, other gas-operated appliances on the same supply line, etc.
Specific information regarding supply line size should be determined by the gas supplier.
NOTE: Undersized gas supply piping can create a low or inconsistent pressure which will result
in erratic operation of the burner ignition system.
Consistent gas pressure is essential at ALL gas connections. It is recommended that a 1-inch pipe gas loop be
installed in the supply line serving a bank of dryers. An in-line pressure regulator must be installed in the gas
supply line (header) if the (natural) gas pressure exceeds 12.0 inches of water column pressure.
IMPORTANT: A water column pressure of 3.5 to 4.0 inches for natural gas and 11.0 inches for
L.P. dryers is required at the gas valve pressure tap of each dryer for proper and
safe operation.
A 1/8-inch N.P.T. plugged tap, accessible for a test gauge connection, must be installed in the main gas supply line
immediately upstream of each dryer.
IMPORTANT: Pipe joint compounds that resist the action of natural and L.P. gases must be
used.
IMPORTANT: Test ALL connections for leaks by brushing on a soapy water solution
(liquid detergent works well).
WARNING: NEVER TEST FOR GAS LEAKS WITH A FLAME!!!
ALL components/materials must conform to National Fuel Gas Code Specifications ANSI Z223.1-LATEST
EDITION.
It is important that gas pressure regulators meet applicable pressure requirements, and that gas meters be rated
for the total amount of ALL the appliance Btu's being supplied.
27
IMPORTANT: The dryer and its individual shut-off valve must be disconnected from the gas
supply piping system during any pressure testing of that system at test pressures
in excess of 1/2 psig (3.5kPa).
NOTE: The dryer must be isolated from the gas supply piping system by closing its individual
manual shut-off valve during any pressure testing of the gas supply piping system at test
pressures equal to or less than 1/2 psig (3.5kPa).
28
H. STEAM INFORMATION
It is your responsibility to have ALL steam plumbing connections made by a qualified professional to assure that
the installation is adequate and conforms with local and state regulations or codes.
IMPORTANT: Failure to comply with the requirements stipulated in this manual can result in
component failure which will VOID THE WARRANTY.
NOTE: The M-170 is manufactured with a pneumatic (piston) damper system which
requires an external supply of clean, dry, regulated air (80 psi +/- 10 psi). Refer to
Steam Damper Air System Connections, Section H, item 3.
1. STEAM COIL PH LEVEL
The normal PH level for copper type steam coils must be maintained between a value of 8.5 to 9.5. For steel
type steam coils the PH level must be maintained between a value of 9.5 to 10.5. These limits are set to limit
the acid attack of the steam coils.
IMPORTANT: Coil failure due to improper PH level will VOID THE WARRANTY.
2. STEAM REQUIREMENTS - High Pressure
Inlet --------- 1-1/2" supply line connection -- qty. one (1) at top manifold.
Return ------ 1-1/2" return line connection --- qty. one (1) at bottom manifold.
Operating Steam Pressure
Maximum
125 psig
Minimum
100 psig*
Heat Input (Normal Load)
19 Bhp
Consumption (approximate)
725 lbs/hr
* Minimum operating pressure for optimum drying results.
3. INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
To insure that an adequate supply of steam is provided, be sure that the steam supply and steam return lines
are sized and laid out as stipulated in this manual. Inadequate steam supply and steam return lines or
improper steam plumbing will result in poor performance and can cause component failure. Clean, dry,
regulated steam must be provided to the dryer.
IMPORTANT: Steam coil failure due to water hammer by wet steam will ...
VOID THE WARRANTY.
29
a. The pressure of the condensate in the steam supply will cause water hammer and subsequent heat
exchanger (steam coil) failure. The steam supply connection into the main supply line must be made
within a minimum 12-inch riser. This will prevent any condensate from draining towards the dryer.
b. The steam supply piping to the dryer must include a 12-inch rise along with a drip trap and check valve.
This will prevent any condensate from entering the steam coil.
c. Flexible hoses or couplings must be used. The dryer vibrates slightly when it runs and this will cause the
steam coil connections to crack if they are hard piped to the supply and return mains.
d. Shut-off valves for each dryer should be installed in the supply, return, and drip trap return lines. This
will allow the dryer to be isolated from the supply and return mains if the dryer needs maintenance work.
e. Install an inverted bucket steam trap and check valve for each unit at least 12-inches below steam coil as
close to the coil as possible.
1) An inverted bucket steam trap with capacity of 1,400 pounds of condensate per hour @ 125 psi is
required for each dryer.
f. A 3/4" vacuum breaker should be installed. This will save energy and provide for safety of the
operator and maintenance personnel.
g. The supply and return lines should be insulated. This will save energy and provide for safety of the
operator and maintenance personnel.
h. Water pockets in the supply line, caused by low points, will provide wet steam to the coil possibly
causing coil damage. ALL horizontal runs of steam supply piping should be pitched 1/4-inch for every
one (1) foot back towards the steam supply header causing any condensate in the line to drain to the
header. Install a bypass trap in any low point to eliminate wet steam.
STEAM DAMPER SYSTEM
30
3. STEAM DAMPER AIR SYSTEM CONNECTIONS
The ADS-170SE is manufactured with a pneumatic (piston) damper system which requires an external
supply of compressed air. The air connection is made to the steam damper solenoid valve which is located
at the rear of the top console.
a. Air Requirements
Compresses Air Supply
Air Pressure
Normal
80 psi
Minimum Supply
70 psi
Maximum Supply
90 psi
b. Air Connection
Air connection to system --- 1/8-inch F.P.T.
c. No air regulation or filtration is provided with the dryer. External regulation/filtration of 80 psi must be
provided. It is suggested that a regulator/filter gauge arrangement be added to the compressed air line
just before the dryer connection. This is necessary to insure that correct and clean air pressure is achieved.
4. STEAM DAMPER SYSTEM OPERATION
The ADS-170SE steam damper, as shown in the top illustration on page 31, allows the coil to stay
constantly charged eliminating repeated expansion and contraction. When the damper is opened, the air
immediately passes through the already hot coil, providing instant heat to start the drying process. When
the damper is closed, ambient air is drawn directly into the basket (tumbler), allowing a rapid cool down.
Diagram 1 -- shows the damper in the heating (open) mode, allowing heat into the basket (tumbler).
Diagram 2 -- shows the damper in the cool down (closed) mode, pulling ambient air directly into the basket
(tumbler) without passing through the coils.
NOTE: With the dryer off or with no air supply, the damper is in the cool down mode as shown
in Diagram 2.
31
5. STEAM DAMPER AIR PISTON (Flow Control) OPERATION ADJUSTMENT
Although the damper operation was tested and adjusted prior to shipping at 80 psi, steam damper operation
must be checked before the dryer is put into operation. Refer to the illustration above for correct steam
damper operation. If damper air adjustment is necessary, locate flow control valve and make necessary
adjustments as noted below.
32
I. PREPARATION FOR OPERATION / START-UP
The following items should be checked before attempting to operate the dryer:
1. Read ALL "CAUTION," "WARNING," and "DIRECTION" labels attached to the dryer.
2. Check incoming supply voltage to be sure that it is the same as indicated on the dryer data label laffixed to
the left inside front side panel (refer to the illustration in Section IX of this manual). In case of 208 VAC or
230/240 VAC, the supply voltage must match the electric service exactly.
3. GAS MODELS - check to assure that the dryer is connected to the type of heat/gas indicated on the
dryer data label.
4. GAS MODELS - the sail switch damper assembly was installed and adjusted at the factory prior to
shipping. However, each sail switch adjustment must be checked to assure that this
important safety control is functioning.
5. Check to be sure drive belts between idler pulley and motor pulley have been re-connected.
NOTE: The drive belts were disconnected at factory prior to shipment.
6. GAS MODELS - be sure that ALL gas shut-off valves are in the open position.
7. Be sure ALL back panels (guards) and electric box covers have been replaced.
8. Check ALL service doors to assure that they are closed and secured in place.
9. Be sure lint drawer is securely in place.
NOTE: LINT DRAWER MUST BE ALL THE WAY IN PLACE TO ACTIVATE SAFETY
SWITCH OTHERWISE THE DRYER WILL NOT START.
10. Rotate the basket (tumbler) by hand to be sure it moves freely.
11. Check bolts, nuts, screws, terminals, and fittings for security.
12. GAS MODELS and STEAM MODELS - check to insure air supply (80 psi) is on to the dryer.
13. STEAM MODELS - check to insure ALL steam shut-off valves are open.
14. STEAM MODELS - check steam damper operation.
15. Check tumbler bearing set screws to insure they are ALL tight.
33
J. PREOPERATIONAL TESTS
ALL dryers are thoroughly tested and inspected before leaving the factory. However, a preoperational test
should be performed before the dryer is publicly used. It is possible that adjustments have changed in transit or
due to marginal location (installation) conditions.
1. Turn on electric power to the dryer.
2. Make sure the main door is closed and the lint drawer is securely in place.
3. System controls operational test -- to start the dryer ...
a. Microprocessor (computer) controls ...
1) Display will read "FILL".
2) Press the "E" (preprogrammed) cycle key on the touch pad of the keyboard.
3) L.E.D. display will quickly read..."Ld30", "Lc04", and "F180" (unless special programs requested).
These codes mean that the dryer is in the timed mode and will operate with heat of 180 F (Fahrenheit)
for 30 minutes drying time and have a 4-minute cool down period.
4) Dryer will now start and the L.E.D. display will read "Dr30" (dry mode for 30 minutes) and count
down in minutes.
NOTE: The dryer can be stopped at any time by opening main door or by pressing the
"CLEAR/STOP" key. To restart the dryer, press the "ENTER/START" key or
preprogrammed cycle key(i.e., "E").
NOTE: Pressing touch pad key "A," "B," "C," "D," and "F" will also start the dryer.
The six (6) preprogrammed drying cycles ("A" through "F") have been stored in
the microprocessor (computer's) memory. Refer to the computer programming
manual supplied with dryer for these preprogrammed cycles.
b. Timer (manual) controls system operational test -- to start the dryer ...
1) Turn "HEAT" timer knob (clockwise) for a time desired (i.e., 1 minute to 60 minutes).
2) Make the desired temperature selection (i.e, "HIGH," "LOW," or "PERM PRESS") at the rocker
switch.
3) Press "PUSH TO START" switch button and the dryer will start.
4) To stop the dryer, open the main door.
34
4. Check to insure that the basket (tumbler) starts in the clockwise (CW) direction. Additionally, check the
direction of the blower motor impellor/fan (squirrel cage) to insure that it is operating in the correct
direction (blower motor pulley should be turning in the counter clockwise [CCW] direction). If it is, the
phasing is correct. If the phasing is incorrect, reverse two (2) leads at L1, L2, or L3 of the power supply
connection made to the dryer.
IMPORTANT: Dryer blower motor/pulley that drives the impellor/fan (squirrel cage) when
viewed from the back of the dryer MUST TURN in the counterclockwise
(CCW) direction, otherwise the effiency of the dryer will be drastically reduced
and premature component failure can result.
5. Heat Circuit Operational Test
a. Gas Models
1) When the dryer is first started (during initial start-up), the burner has a tendency not to ignite on the
first attempt. This is because the gas supply piping is filled with air, so it may take a few minutes for
this air to be purged from the lines.
NOTE: During the purging period, check to be sure that ALL gas shut-off valves are open.
2) The dryer is equipped with a Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) system which has internal diagnostics.
If ignition is not established after an 8 seconds (+/- 1 second) spark, the heat circuit in the DSI
module will lock out until it is manually reset. To reset the DSI system, open and close the main door
then restart the dryer.
3) Once ignition is established, a gas pressure test should be taken at the gas valve pressure tap of each
dryer to assure that the water column pressure is correct and consistent.
NOTE: Water column pressure requirements (measured at the gas valve pressure tap):
Natural Gas ---------- 3.5 - 4.0 Inches W.C.
L.P. Gas -------------- 10.5 - 11.0 Inches W.C.
IMPORTANT: There is no regulator provided in an L.P. dryer. The water column pressure
must be regulated at the source (L.P. tank), or an external regulator must be
added to each dryer.
a. Steam Models
1) Check to insure that the steam damper is functioning properly.
35
6. Make a complete operational check of ALL safety-related circuits (i.e., lint drawer switch, and sail switch
on gas models).
NOTE: To check for proper sail switch operation, open the main door and while holding main
door switch plunger in, start dryer. Dryer should start but heat circuit should not be
activated (on). If heat (burner) does activate, shut dryer off and make necessary
adjustments.
7. A reversing basket (tumbler) dryer should never be operated with less than a 60 lb. load (dry weight). The
size of the load will affect the coast-down and dwell (stop) times. The basket (tumbler) must come to a
complete stop before starting in opposite direction. For microprocessor (computer) controller models, with
the automatic (mode) cycle only, the Spin Time and Stop Time are not adjustable. The spin and stop times
have been preprogrammed into the microprocessor controller (computer) for 120-seconds spin time and a
5-second dwell (stop) time. (For timer controlled models, refer to the Reversing Timer Spin/Dwell
Adjustments in Section VIII of this manual.)
IMPORTANT: The dryer basket (tumbler) is treated with a protective coating ADC suggests
tumbling old clothes or material in the basket (tumbler), using a mild detergent
to remove the protective coating.
8. Each dryer should be operated through one (1) complete cycle to assure that no further adjustments are
necessary and that ALL components are functioning properly.
9. Programs / selections (for microprocessor [computer] models ONLY):
a. Each computer has been preprogrammed by the factory with the most commonly used parameter
(program) selections. If computer program changes are required, refer to the computer programming
manual which was shipped with the dryer.
K. SHUT DOWN INSTRUCTIONS
In the case where the dryer is to be shut down (taken out of service) for a period of time, the following
MUST BE performed:
1. Discontinue power to the dryer either at the external disconnect switch or the circuit breaker.
2. Disconnect heat supply:
a. GAS MODELS ... discontinue the gas supply.
1) SHUT OFF external gas supply shut-off valve.
2) SHUT OFF internal gas supply shut-off valve located in the gas valve burner area.
b. STEAM MODELS ...discontinue steam supply to the dryer at the external (location furnished)
shut-off valve.
36
L. COMPRESSED AIR REQUIREMENTS
The model AD-170 dryer requires an external supply of compressed air of 2.5 cfm @ 80PSI. For Steam Models,
compressed air is necessary for the air operated steam damper. On both the Steam Model as well as the Gas
Model, compressed air is necessary/required for blower air jet operation...to clean lint from the impellor/fan
(squirrel cage).
1. Air Requirements
Compressed Air Supply
Air Pressure
Normal
80 PSI
Minimum Supply
70 PSI
Maximum Supply
90 PSI
2. Air Regulation
a. No air regulation or filtration is provided with the dryer. External regulation/filtration of 80 PSI
MUST BE provided. It is suggested that a regulator/filter guage arrangement be added to the
compressed air line just before the dryer connection. This is necessary to insure that correct and clean air
pressure is achieved.
3. Air Connection
a. Air connection to this system is a 1/8 inch F.P.T. (Female Pipe Thread) as per the illustration below.
37
SECTION IV
SERVICE/PARTS INFORMATION
A. SERVICE
1. Service must be performed by a qualified trained technician, service agency, or gas supplier. If service is
required, contact the distributor from whom the ADC equipment was purchased. If the distributor cannot
be contacted or is unknown, contact the ADC Service Department for a distributor in your area.
NOTE: When contacting the ADC Service Department, be sure to give them the correct model
number and serial number so that your inquiry is handled in an expeditious manner.
B. PARTS
1. Replacement parts should be purchased from the distributor from whom the ADC equipment was
purchased. If the distributor cannot be contacted or is unknown, contact the ADC Parts Department for a
distributor in your area. Parts may also be purchased directly from the factory by calling the ADC Parts
Department at (508) 678-9010 or you may FAX in your order at (508) 678-9447.
NOTE: When ordering replacement parts from the ADC dealer or the ADC factory be sure to
give them the correct model number and serial number so that your parts order can be
processed in an expeditious manner.
38
SECTION V
WARRANTY INFORMATION
A. RETURNING WARRANTY CARD(S)
1. Before any dryer leaves the ADC factory test area, a warranty card (ADC Part No. 112254) is placed
on the back side of the main door glass. These warranty cards are intended to serve the customer
where we record the individual installation date and warranty information to better serve you should
you file a warranty claim.
a. If a warranty card (ADC Part No. 112254) did not come with your dryer, contact the ADC
Warranty Department or ADC Service Department at (508) 678-9000.
IMPORTANT: A separate warranty card must be completed and returned for each individual
dryer.
NOTE: Be sure to include the installation date when returning the warranty card(s).
B. WARRANTY
For a copy of the ADC commercial warranty covering your particular dryer(s), contact the ADC distributor from whom you purchased the equipment and request dryer warranty form ADC Part No. 450199.
If the distributor cannot be contacted or is unknown, warranty information can be obtained from the
factory by contacting the ADC Warranty Department at (508) 678-9000.
NOTE: Whenever contacting the ADC factory for warranty or warranty information, be sure to have
the dryer's model number and serial number available so that your inquiry can be handled in
an expeditious manner.
C. RETURNING WARRANTY PARTS
ALL dryer or parts warranty claims or inquiries should be addressed to the ADC Warranty Parts
Department. To expedite processing, the following procedures must be followed:
1. No parts are to be returned to ADC without prior written authorization ("Return Material Authorization") from the factory.
NOTE: An R.M.A. ("Return Material Authorization") is valid for only sixty (60) days from date of issue.
a. The R.M.A. issued by the factory, as well as any other correspondence pertaining to the returned
part(s), must be included inside the package with the failed merchandise.
39
2. Each part must be tagged with the following information:
a. Model number and serial number of the dryer from which part was removed.
b. Nature of failure (be specific).
c. Date of dryer installation.
d. Date of part failure.
e. Specify whether the part(s) being returned is for a replacement, a credit, or a refund.
NOTE: If a part is marked for a credit or a refund, the invoice number covering the purchase
of the replacement part must be provided.
NOTE: Warranty tags (ADC Part No. 450064) are available at "no charge" from ADC upon
request.
3. The company returning the part(s) must clearly note the complete company name and address on the
outside of the package.
4. ALL returns must be properly packaged to insure that they are not damaged in transit. Damage claims are
the responsibility of the shipper.
IMPORTANT: No replacements, credits or refunds will be issued for merchandise damaged in
transit.
5. ALL returns should be shipped to the ADC factory in such a manner that they are insured and a proof
of delivery can be obtained by the sender.
6. Shipping charges are not the responsibility of ADC. ALL returns should be "prepaid" to the
factory. Any "C.O.D." or "COLLECT" returns will not be accepted.
IMPORTANT: No replacements, credits, or refunds will be issued if the claim cannot be
processed due to insufficient information. The party filing the claim will be
notified in writing, either by "FAX" or "CERTIFIED MAIL - Return Receipt
Requested", as to the information necessary to process claim. If a reply is not
received by the ADC Warranty Department within thirty (30) days from the
FAX/letter date, then no replacement, credit, or refund will be issued, and the
merchandise will be discarded.
40
SECTION VI
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
A. CLEANING
A program and/or schedule should be established for periodic inspection, cleaning, and removal of lint from
various areas of the dryer, as well as throughout the duct work system. The frequency of cleaning can best be
determined from experience at each location. Maximum operating efficiency is dependent upon proper air
circulation. The accumulation of lint can restrict this air flow. If the guidelines in this section are met, an ADC
dryer will provide many years of efficient, trouble-free, and - most importantly - safe operation.
WARNING: LINT FROM MOST FABRICS IS HIGHLY COMBUSTIBLE. THE
ACCUMULATION OF LINT CAN CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE
HAZARD.
WARNING: KEEP DRYER AREA CLEAR AND FREE FROM COMBUSTIBLE
MATERIALS, GASOLINE, and OTHER FLAMMABLE VAPORS and
LIQUIDS.
NOTE: Suggested time intervals shown are for average usage which is considered six (6) to
eight (8) operational (running) hours per day.
Clean the lint drawer/screen every third or fourth load.
NOTE: Frequency can best be determined at each location.
SUGGESTED CLEANING SCHEDULE
DAILY (beginning of each work shift)
1.
Clean lint from screen.
2.
Inspect lint screen and replace if torn.
WEEKLY
Clean lint accumulation from lint chamber, thermostat, and microprocessor temperature sensor (sensor bracket)
area.
WARNING: TO AVOID THE HAZARD OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK, DISCONTINUE
ELECTRICAL SUPPLY TO THE DRYER.
41
STEAM DRYERS
Clean the steam coil fins. We suggest using compressed air and a vacuum cleaner with brush attachment.
WARNING: When cleaning steam coil fins, be careful not to bend the fins. If fins are bent,
straighten by using a fin comb which is available from local air-conditioning
supply houses.
90 DAYS
Re-grease the two (2) 1-3/8-inch bearings that support the impellor/fan shaft. Use Shell Alvania #3 grease
or its equivalent. Impellor/fan shaft bearings should be lubricated.
Check to make sure that the set screws on the impellor/fan shaft bearings are tight.
Remove lint from around basket (tumbler), drive motors, and surrounding areas. Remove lint from gas
valve burner area with a dusting brush or vacuum cleaner attachment.
NOTE: To prevent damage, avoid cleaning and/or touching ignitor/flame-probe assembly.
Remove lint accumulation from inside control box and at the rear area behind control box.
6 MONTHS
Inspect and remove lint accumulation in customer furnished exhaust duct work system and from dryers
internal exhaust ducting.
WARNING: THE ACCUMULATION OF LINT IN THE EXHAUST DUCT WORK CAN
CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
WARNING: DO NOT OBSTRUCT THE FLOW OF COMBUSTION and VENTILATION
AIR. CHECK CUSTOMER FURNISHED BACK DRAFTED DAMPERS IN
EXHAUST DUCK WORK. INSPECT and REMOVE ANY LINT
ACCUMULATION WHICH CAN CAUSE DAMPER TO BIND OR STICK.
NOTE: A back draft damper that is sticking partially closed can result in slow drying and
shutdown of the heat circuit safety switches or thermostats.
NOTE: When cleaning dryer cabinet(s), avoid using harsh abrasives. A product intended for
the cleaning of appliances is recommended.
Check ALL V-Belts for tightness and wear. Retighten, realign, or replace V-Belt if required.
NOTE: V-Belts should be replaced in matched sets (pairs).
42
B. ADJUSTMENTS
7 Days After Installation and Every 6 Months Thereafter
Inspect bolts, nuts, screws (bearing set screws), non-permanent gas connections (unions, shut-off valves,
orifices, and grounding connections). Motor and drive belts should be examined. Cracked or seriously
frayed belts should be replaced. Tighten loose V-belts when necessary. Complete operational check of
controls and valves. Complete operational check of ALL safety devices (door switch, lint drawer switch,
sail switch, burner and hi-limit thermostats).
C. LUBRICATION
The motor bearings, idler bearings, and tumbler bearings are permanently lubricated.
NO LUBRICATION IS NECESSARY.1.
90 Days
Re-grease the two (2) 1-3/8-inch bearings that support the impellor/fan shaft. Use Shell Alvania #3 grease
or its equivalent. Impellor/fan shaft bearings should be lubricated.
Check to make sure that the set screws on the impellor/fan shaft bearing are tight.
Remove lint from around basket (tumbler), drive motors, and surrounding areas. Remove lint from gas
valve burner area with a dusting brush or vacuum cleaner attachment.
NOTE: To prevent damage, avoid cleaning and/or touching ignitor/flame-probe assembly.
Remove lint accumulation from inside control box and at rear area behind control box.
43
SECTION VII
TROUBLESHOOTING
IMPORTANT: YOU MUST DISCONNECT and LOCKOUT THE ELECTRIC SUPPLY
and THE GAS SUPPLY or THE STEAM SUPPLY BEFORE ANY
COVERS or GUARDS ARE REMOVED FROM THE MACHINE TO
ALLOW ACCESS FOR CLEANING, ADJUSTING, INSTALLATION, or
TESTING OF ANY EQUIPMENT per OSHA (Occupational Safety and
Health Administration) STANDARDS.
The information provided will help isolate the most probable component(s) associated with the difficulty
described. The experienced technician realizes, however, that a loose connection or broken/ shorted wire may be
at fault where electrical components are concerned ... and not necessarily the suspected component itself.
Electrical parts should always be checked for failure before being returned to the factory.
The information provided should not be misconstrued as a handbook for use by an untrained person making
repairs.
IMPORTANT: When replacing blown fuses, the replacement must be of the exact rating as the
fuse being replaced.
WARNING: ALL SERVICE and TROUBLESHOOTING SHOULD BE PERFORMED BY A
QUALIFIED PROFESSIONAL OR SERVICE AGENCY.
WARNING: WHILE MAKING REPAIRS, OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
DISPLAYED ON THE DRYER or SPECIFIED IN THIS MANUAL.
MICROPROCESSOR (COMPUTER) MODELS
A. No L.E.D. display (microprocessor [computer] models ONLY) ...
1. Service panel fuse blown or tripped breaker.
2. Blown control circuit L1 or L2 1/2-amp (Slo Blo) fuse.
3. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
4. Failed control step down transformer (for models 380 volts or higher ONLY).
44
B. Drive motor not operating (does not start) ...
1. Failed drive motor contactor (relay).
2. Failed arc suppressor (A.S.) board.
3. Failed drive motor.
4. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
C. Drive motor (reversing) operates in one direction only ... stops and restarts in same direction ...
1. Failed drive motor contactor (relay).
2. Failed arc suppressor (A.S.) board.
3. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
D. Drive motor operates okay for a few minutes, and then stops and will not restart ...
1. Motor is overheating and tripping out on internal overload protector ...
a. Motor air vents clogged with lint.
b. Low voltage to the motor.
c. Failed motor.
d. Basket (tumbler) is binding ... check for obstruction.
e. Failed idler bearings or tumbler bearings.
E. Blower motor (impellor/fan) not operating (does not start) ...
1. Failed blower (impellor/fan) motor contactor (relay).
2. Failed arc suppressor (A.S.) board.
3. Failed blower (impellor/fan) motor.
4. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
F. Blower motor operates okay for a few minutes, then stops and will not restart ...
1. Motor is overheating and tripping out on overload protector ...
a. Motor air vents clogged with lint.
b. Low voltage to the motor.
c. Failed motor.
d. Failed blower (impellor/fan) drive shaft bearings ...
45
NOTE: V-Belts to tight or bearings not lubricated often enough.
G. Both drive motor and blower (impellor/fan) motor not operating (do not start) ... microprocessor
controller (computer) motor indicator dots and relay output L.E.D. indicator dots are on ...
1. Failed arc suppressor (A.S.) board.
2. Failed contactors (both blower and drive).
3. Failed (both blower and drive) motor.
H. Both drive motor and blower (impellor/fan) motor not operating (do not start) ... microprocessor
(computer) motor indicator dots and "door" L.E.D. indicator are on but relay output L.E.D.
indicators are off (L.E.D. display does not read "door")...
1. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
I. Both drive motor and blower motor run a few minutes and then stop...microprocessor controller
(computer) display continues to read time or percent of extraction and all indicator dots are off...
1. Fault in main door switch circuit ...
a. Main door switch out of adjustment.
b. Loose connection in door switch circuit.
2. Fault in lint drawer switch circuit...
a. Lint drawer switch out of proper adjustment.
b. Loose connection in the lint drawer switch circuit.
J.
Microprocessor controller (computer) display reads "dSFL" continuously and the buzzer
(tone) sounds every 30-seconds......
1. Fault in microprocessor heat sensing circuit ...
a. Blown 1/8-amp ("dSFL") fuse on microprocessor controller (computer).
b. Failed microprocessor temperature sensor.
c. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
d. Broken wire or connection somewhere between the microprocessor controller (computer) and the micro
processor temperature sensor.
K. Microprocessor controller (computer) display reads "door" and microprocessor controller
(computer) "door" L.E.D. indicator is off...
1. Fault (open circuit) in main door / lint drawer switch circuit ...
a. Lint drawer is not closed all the way.
46
b. Lint drawer switch out of proper adjustment.
c. Failed lint drawer switch.
d. Failed main door switch.
e. Broken connection / wire in main door or lint drawer circuit.
2. Failed 24 VAC step down transformer or fault in writing.
L.
Microprocessor controller (computer) L.E.D. display reads "door" and microprocessor
controller (computer) "door" L.E.D. indicator is on...
1. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
M . Microprocessor controller (computer) will not accept any keyboard entries, i.e., L.E.D. display
reads "FILL" and when keyboard entries are selected, the L.E.D. display continues to read
"FILL" ...
1. Failed keyboard label (touchpad) assembly.
2. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
N. Microprocessor controller (computer) will only accept certain keyboard (touchpad) entries ...
1. Failed keyboard label (touchpad) assembly.
O. Microprocessor controller (computer) locks up and L.E.D. display reads erroneous message(s)
or only partial segments ...
1. Transient power voltage (spikes)...disconnect power to dryer, wait one (1) minute, and reestablish power
to dryer. If problem is still evident ...
a. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
b. Failed keyboard label (touchpad) assembly.
P. Dryer stops during a cycle, microprocessor controller (computer) buzzer (tone) sounds for
5-seconds, L.E.D. display reads "dSFL," for approximately 30-seconds, and then returns to
"FILL" ...
1. Loose connection somewhere between the microprocessor controller (co mputer) and the microprocessor
temperature sensor.
2. Loose "dSFL" 1/8-amp fuse on the microprocessor controller (computer).
Q. Dryer stops during a cycle, microprocessor controller (computer) buzzer (tone) sounds for
5-seconds, and then the L.E.D. display returns to FILL" ...
1. Loose connection somewhere in the main power circuit to the microprocessor controller (computer).
2. Failed arc suppressor (A.S.) board.
47
R. Microprocessor controller (computer) L.E.D. display reads "SEFL"...
1. Rotational sensor circuit (option) failure...fault somewhere in basket (tumbler) rotation or circuit ...
a. Basket (tumbler) not rotating ...
1) Broken or loose V-Belts.
2) Failure in drive motor circuit...refer to Item B, Item C, and/or Item D in this Troubleshooting
Section.
b. Failed rotational sensor.
c. Broken wire or connection between sensor and microprocessor controller (computer).
2. Microprocessor controller (computer) program (PL02) is set incorrectly in the active mode ("SEn") where
the dryer is not equipped with the optional rotational sensor...program should be set as "nSEn".
S.
Microprocessor controller (computer) L.E.D. display reads "Hot"...
1. Possible overheating condition...microprocessor controller (computer) has sensed a temperature which
has exceeded 220º F.
"Hot" display will not clear until temperature sensed has dropped to 220º F or lower and the microproces
sor controller (computer) is manually reset by pressing the "CLEAR/STOP" key.
T. Heating unit is not operating (no heat)...no voltage at heating unit (i.e., Gas Models DSI module
or
Steam Model damper system pneumatic solenoid) when dryer is first started and both the heat
indicator dot and the "HEAT" output L.E.D. are on...
GAS MODELS
1. Fault in sail switch circuit ...
a. Sail switch out of adjustment and/or has failed.
b. Sail switch damper is not closing or is fluttering ...
1) Lint drawer / screen is dirty.
2) Restriction in exhaust.
3) No exhaust air flow.
a) Failed impellor (fan/blower) "squirrel cage."
b) Loose or failed impellor (fan) assembly drive belts.
c) Fault in impellor (fan/blower) motor circuit...refer to Item E and Item F in this
Troubleshooting Section.
2. Failed burner hi-limit circuit.
3. Failed lint chamber sensor bracket basket (tumbler) hi-limit switch.
48
STEAM MODELS
1. Fault in lint chamber sensor bracket basket (tumbler) hi-limit switch.
U. Heat unit not operating (no heat)...no voltage at heating unit (i.e., Gas Model DSI module or
Steam
Model damper system pneumatic solenoid) when dryer is first started and the microprocessor
controller (computer) heat indicator dot is on but the "HEAT" relay output L.E.D. is NOT
on......
1. Failed microprocessor controller (computer).
V. No heat...voltage is confirmed at heating unit (i.e, Gas Model DSI module or Steam Model
damper
system 3-way mico valve)...
GAS MODELS
1. Fault in Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) ignition system...
a. Ignitor sparks but no ignition and Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module locks out (RED L.E.D. indicator
light stays on)...
1) Ignitor probe assembly is out of adjustment or has failed.
2) Severe air turbulance.
3) Failed Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module.
4) Failed gas valve.
b. Ignitor sparks, burner lights but goes off right away...
1) Ignitor probe assembly is out of adjustment or has failed.
2) Sail switch is fluttering...
a) Lint drawer screen is dirty.
b) Restriction in exhaust duct work.
c. Ignitor does not spark and Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module locks out (RED L.E.D. indicator light
stays on)...
1) Fault in high voltage (HV) wire...
a) Break in wire.
b) Loose connection.
c) Failed ignitor probe assembly.
d) Failed Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module.
49
STEAM MODELS
1. No (external) compressed air (80 PSI required) to steam damper solenoid.
2. Flow control valve is not adjusted correctly...
a. Too much restriction.
3. Failed steam damper pneumatic (air) solenoid.
4. Damper stuck in "closed" position...
a) Check for obstruction.
5. Leak in the pneumatic (air) system.
6. Failed air piston.
W. Dryer operates but is taking too long to dry...
1. Exhaust duct work run too long or is undersized...back pressure cannot exceed .3 inches water column.
2. Restriction in exhaust...
a. Custom-furnished exhaust back draft damper is sticking partially closed.
b. Restriction in duct work...
1) Check duct work from dryer all the way to the outdoors.
3. Insufficient make-up air.
4. Impellor (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" is rotating in the wrong direction.
5. Lint drawer screen is dirty or is not being cleaned often enough.
6. Inadequate air flow...
a. Impellor (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" failure.
b. Loose impellor (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" drive V-Belts.
50
7. Gas Models
a. Low and/or inconsistent gas pressure...
Natural Gas pressure must be between 3.5 inches and 4.0 inches of water column.
Liquid Propane (L.P.) pressure must be between 10.5 inches and 11.0 inches of water column.
b. Poor air/gas mixture (too much gas or not enough air) at burner...yellow or poor flame pattern...
1) Not enough make-up air.
2) Restriction in exhaust.
3) Gas pressure too high.
4) Impellr (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" rotating in the wrong direction.
5) Burner orifice size (D.M.S.) too large for application (i.e., high elevation).
c. Sail switch is fluttering...
1) Restriction in exhaust...
a) Lint drawer screen is dirty or is not being cleaned often enough.
d. Failed burner hi-limit switch...opens at incorrect temperature.
e. Gas supply may have low heating value.
8. Steam Models
a. Low steam supply...
1) Steam trap too small.
2) Supply line too small.
b. Low steam pressure.
c. Insufficient make-up air.
d. Lint drawer screen is dirty or is not being cleaned often enough.
e. Restriction in exhaut.
f. Dirty steam coil.
1) Fins clooged with lint.
g. Steam damper system not functioning properly...
1) Damper is sticking closed.
51
2) Leak in pneumatic (air) system.
9. Extractors (washers) not performing properly
10. Failed lint chamber hi-heat switch (thermostat)...opens at incorrect temperature.
11. Failed microprocessor (computer controlled models ONLY)...temperature calibration is inaccurate.
12. Failed microprocessor temperature sensor (computer controlled models ONLY) ...calibration is
inaccurate.
13. Exceptionally cold/humid or low barometric pressure atmosphere.
14. Microprocessor temperature sensor (computer controlled models ONLY) is covered with lint.
NOTE: Lint accumulation on the sensor bracket can act as an insulator which will affect the
accuracy of the Automatic Drying Cycle.
X. Main burners are burning with a yellow flame (for GAS MODELS ONLY)...
1. Poor air/gas mixture (too much gas or not enough air) at burner...
a. Not enough make-up air.
b. Restriction in exhaust.
c. Gas pressure too high.
d. Impellor (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" rotating in the wrong direction.
e. Burner orifice size (D.M.S.) too large for application (i.e., high elevation).
Y. Condensation on main door glass...
1. Too long, undersized, or improperly installed duct work.
2. Dryer connected to common exhaust duct with another dryer, and no back draft damper was installed in
customer-furnished duct work.
3. Customer-furnished back draft damper in duct work is sticking in partially closed position.
Z. Dryer or scraping noise at basket (tumbler) area...
1. Check for object caught in basket (tumbler)/wrapper area.
2. Basket (tumbler) is out of proper alignment.
a. Check both vertical alignment and lateral alignment.
b. Check gap between front panel and basket (tumbler)...set screws may have come loose, and basket
(tumbler) walked forward or back.
52
3. Loose basket (tumbler) tie rod.
4. Failed basket (tumbler) support.
AA. Excessive noise and/or vibration...
1. Dryer is not leveled properly.
2. Impellor (fan/blower) "squirrel cage" out of balance.
a. Excessive lint build-up impellor (fan/blower) "squirrel cage."
NOTE: Check to insure that the air jet is functioning.
b. Failed impellor (fan/blower) "squirrel cage."
3. Loose basket (tumbler) tie rod.
4. Failed basket (tumbler) support.
5. Loose motor mount.
6. Failed idler, basket (tumbler), or impellor (fan) bearings.
7. V-Belt(s) either too tight or too loose.
8. Bearing set screws (basket[tumbler], idler, or impellor [blower] shaft) are loose.
9. Failed motor bearings.
TIMER MODELS
A. Dryer will not start...both drive and blower motors are not operating (indicator light is off)...
1. Service panel fuse blown or tripped breaker.
2. Dryer control circuit L1 or L2 1/2-amp fuse is blown.
3. Open main door/lint drawer switch circuit...
a. Lint drawer switch not closed all the way.
b. Lint drawer switch out of proper adjustment.
c. Failed lint drawer switch.
d. Failed main door switch.
e. Broken connection / wire in main door or lint drawer switch circuit.
4. Failed push to start relay.
5. Failed 24 VAC step down transformer (for models 380 volts or higher ONLY).
53
B . Drive motor not operating (does not start)...
1. Failed drive motor contactor (relay).
2. Failed drive motor.
C. Drive motor (reversing) operates in one direction only...stops and restarts in same direction...
1. Failed reversing contactor (relay).
2. Failed reversing timer.
D. Drive motor operates okay for a few minutes, and then stops and will not restart...
1. Motor is overheating and tripping out on overload protector...
a. Motor air vents clogged with lint.
b. Low voltage to the motor.
c. Failed motor.
d. Basket (tumbler) is binding...check for obstruction.
e. Failed idler bearings or tumbler bearings.
E. Blower (impellor/fan) motor not operating (does not start)...
1. Failed blower (impellor/fan) motor contactor (relay).
2. Failed blower (impellor/fan) motor.
F.
Blower motor operates okay for a few minutes, and then stops and will not restart...
1. Motor is overheating and tripping out on overload protector...
a. Motor air vent is clogged with lint.
b. Low voltage to motor.
c. Failed motor.
d. Failed blower (impellor/fan) drive shaft bearings...
NOTE: V-Belts to tight or bearings not lubricated often enough.
54
G. Both drive motor and blower (impellor /fan) motor not operating (do not start) and indicator
light
is on...
1. Fault in L1 or L2 termination(s) between terminal block and contactors (relays).
2. Failed contactors (both blower and drive).
3. Failed (both blower and drive) motor(s).
H. Heating unit is not operating (no heat)...no voltage at heating unit (i.e., Gas Model DSI module
or
Steam Model damper system pneumatic solenoid)...
GAS MODELS
1. Fault in sail switch circuit...
a. Sail switch is out of adjustment or has failed.
b. Sail switch damper is not closing or is fluttering...
1) Lint drawer screen is dirty.
2) Restriction in exhaust.
3) No exhaust air flow...
a) Failed impellor (fan/blower) "squirrel cage."
b) Loose or failed impellor (fan) assembly drive V-Belts.
c) Fault in impellor (fan/blower) motor circuit...refer to Item E and Item F in this
Troubleshooting Section.
2. Failed burner hi-limit switch.
3. Failed lint chamber sensor bracket basket (tumbler) hi-limit switch or circuit.
4. Failed temperature selection switch or circuit.
5. Failed temperature cycle thermostat (try another selection).
6. Failed heat timer.
55
STEAM MODELS
1. Failed lint chamber sensor bracket basket (tumbler) hi-limit switch circuit.
2. Failed temperature selection switch or circuit.
3. Failed temperature cycle thermostat (try another selection).
4. Failed heat timer.
I. No heat...voltage is confirmed at heating unit (i.e., Gas Model DSI module or Steam Model
damper system pneumatic solenoid)...
GAS MODELS
1. Fault in Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) ignition system...
a. Ignitor sparks but no ignition and Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module locks out (RED L.E.D. indicator
light stay on)...
1) Ignitor probe assembly is out of adjustment or has failed.
2) Severe air turbulance.
3) Failed Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module.
4) Failed gas valve.
b. Ignitor sparks, burner lights but goes off right away...
1) Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) ignitor out of adjustment...or has failed.
2) Sail switch is fluttering...
a) Lint drawer screen is dirty.
b) Restriction in exhaust duct work.
c. Ignitor does not spark and Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module locks out (RED L.E.D. indicator light
stays on)...
1) Fault in high voltage (HV) wire...break or loose connection.
2) Failed ignitor probe assembly.
3) Failed Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module.
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STEAM MODELS
1. No (external) compressed air (80 PSI required) to steam damper solenoid.
2. Flow control valve is not adjusted correctly...
a. Too much restriction.
3. Failed steam damper pneumatic (air) solenoid.
4. Damper stuck in "closed" position...
a. Check for obstruction.
5. Leak in the pneumatic (air) system.
6. Failed air piston.
J.
Dryer operates but is taking too long to dry...
1. Exhaust duct work run too long or is undersized...back pressure cannot exceed .3 inches water column
(W.C.).
2. Restriction in exhaust...
a. Customer-furnished exhaust back draft damper is sticking partially closed.
b. Restriction in duct work...
1) Check duct work from dryer all the way to the outdoors.
3. Insufficient make-up air.
4. Impellor (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" is rotating in the wrong direction.
5. Lint drawer screen is dirty or is not being cleaned often enough.
6. Inadequate air flow...
a. Impellor (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" failure.
b. Loose impellor (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" drive V-Belts.
7. Gas Models
a. Low and/or inconsistent gas pressure...
Natural Gas pressure must be between 3.5 inches and 4.0 inches of water column.
Liquid Propane (L.P.) pressure must be between 10.5 inches and 11.0 inches of water column.
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b. Poor air/gas mixture (too much gas or not enough air) at burner...yellow or poor flame pattern...
1) Not enough make-up air.
2) Restriction in exhaust.
3) Gas pressure too high.
4) Impellor (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" rotating in the wrong direction.
5) Burner orifice size (D.M.S.) too large for application (i.e., high elevation).
c. Sail switch is fluttering...
1) Restriction in exhaust...
a) Lint drawer screen is dirty or is not being cleaned often enough.
d. Failed burner hi-limit switch...opens at incorrect temperature.
e. Gas supply may have low heating value.
8. Steam Models
a. Low steam supply...
1) Steam trap too small.
2) Supply line too small.
b. Low steam pressure.
c. Insufficient make-up air.
d. Lint drawer screen is dirty or is not being cleaned often enough.
e. Restriction in exhaust.
f. Dirty steam coil...
1) Fins clogged with lint.
g. Steam damper system not functioning properly...
1) Damper is sticking closed.
2) Leak in pneumatic (air) system.
9. Extractors (washers) not performing properly.
10. Failed lint chamber hi-heat switch (thermostat)...opens at incorrect temperature.
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11. Failed microprocessor controller (computer controlled models ONLY)...temperature calibration is
inaccurate.
12. Failed microprocessor temperature sensor (computer controlled models ONLY)...calibration is
inaccurate.
13. Exceptionally cold/humid or low barometric pressure atmosphere.
14. Microprocessor temperature sensor (computer controlled models ONLY) is covered with lint.
NOTE: Lint accumulation on the sensor bracket can act as an insulator which will affect the
accuracy of the Automatic Drying Cycle.
K. Main burners are burning with a yellow flame (for GAS MODELS ONLY)...
1. Poor air/gas mixture (too much gas or not enough air) at burner...
a. Not enough make-up air.
b. Restriction in exhaust.
c. Gas pressure too high.
d. Impellor (blower/fan) "squirrel cage" rotating in the wrong direction.
e. Burner orifice size (D.M.S.) too large for application (i.e., high elevation).
L. Condensation on main door glass...
1. Too long, undersized, or improperly installed duct work.
2. Dryer connected to common exhaust duct with another dryer, and no back draft damper was installed in
customer-furnished duct work.
3. Customer-furnished back draft damper in duct work is sticking in partially closed position.
M . Dryer or scraping noise at basket (tumbler) area...
1. Check for object caught in basket (tumbler) / wrapper area.
2. Basket (tumbler) is out of proper alignment.
a. Check both vertical alignment and lateral alignment.
b. Check gap between front panel and basket (tumbler) set screws may have come loose, and basket
(tumbler) walked forward or back.
3. Loose basket (tumbler) tie rod.
4. Failed basket (tumbler) support.
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N. Excessive noise and/or vibration...
1. Dryer is not leveled properly.
2. Impellor (fan/blower) "squirrel cage" out of balance.
a. Excessive lint build-up impellor (fan/blower) "squirrel cage."
NOTE: Check to insure that the air jet is functioning.
b. Failed impellor (fan/blower) "squirrel cage."
3. Loose basket (tumbler) tie rod.
4. Failed basket (tumbler) tie rod.
5. Looses motor mount.
6. Failed idler, basket (tumbler), or fan (impellor) bearings.
7. V-Belt(s) either too tight or too loose.
8. Bearing set screws (basket [tumbler], idler, or impellor [blower] shaft) are loose.
9. Failed motor bearings.
10. Basket (tumbler) out of adjustment, or adjustment bolts (hardware) are loose.
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SECTION VIII
REVERSING TIMER SPIN/DWELL ADJUSTMENTS
Timer models have an electric reversing timer in the electric service box which is located in the upper left rear
area of the dryer.
Both the Dwell (stop) Time and basket (tumbler) Spin Time are adjustable by mode selection switches located on
the electronic timer (as noted in the illustration below).
Timing Legend
Spin Time
Switch Position Number
1
2
3
4
5
Time in Seconds*
30
60
90
120
150
Switch Position Number
1
2
3
4
5
Time in Seconds*
5
6
8
10
12
Dwell (Stop) Time
* Values shown are +/- 1 second.
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SECTION IX
DATA LABEL LOCATION / INFORMATION
Data Label
When contacting American Dryer Corporation, certain information is required to insure proper service/
parts information from ADC. This information is on the data label that is located in the left inside front panel (as
shown in the illustration above). When contacting ADC please have the model number and the serial
number readily available.
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THE DATA LABEL
1. MODEL DRYER
The model number is an ADC number which describes the size of the dryer and the type of heat
(gas, electric, or steam).
2. SERIAL NUMBER
The serial number allows ADC to gather information on your particular dryer.
3. MANUFACTURING CODE NUMBER
The manufacturing code number is a number issued by ADC which describes ALL possible options
on your particular model.
4. TYPE OF HEAT
The type of heat describes the type of heat for your particular dryer; gas (either natural gas or liquid
propane [L.P.]), or steam.
5. HEAT INPUT (for GAS DRYERS)
This describes the heat input in British Thermal Units per Hour (BTUH).
6. ELECTRIC SERVICE
This describes the electric service for your particular model.
7. GAS MANIFOLD PRESSURE (for GAS DRYERS)
This describes the manifold pressure taken at the gas valve tap.
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SECTION X
PROCEDURE FOR FUNCTIONAL CHECK OF
REPLACEMENT COMPONENTS
1. Microprocessor (computer) Board
a. Upon completing installation of the replacement microprocessor (computer) board,
reestablish power to the dryer.
b. Start the drying cycle.
c. Verify that the motor(s) and the heat indicator dots, in the microprocessor (computer) L.E.D.
display are on. (Refer to the illustration below.)
d. Verify that motor(s) heat, and door indicator lights on the back side of the microprocessor (computer
board are lit. (Refer to illustration below.)
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e. Open main door. The dryer must stop and ALL output indicator lights on the back side of the microprocessor (computer) board must go out.
f. Try to restart the dryer with the main door open.
g. The microprocessor (computer) board's L.E.D. display must read "DOOR."
h. Close the main door and restart the dryer.
i. Functional check of microprocessor (computer) board is complete.
2. Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) System
a. Upon completing installation of the replacement
Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module, reestablish power
to the dryer.
b. Start the drying cycle.
c. The ignition (DSI) module's L.E.D. indicator will light
"red" for up to approximately 1.5 seconds (pre-purge
time).
d. The module's indicator light will then turn "green." The
gas valve will be energized and the ignitor probe will
spark for approximately 8 seconds. The burner flame
should now be established.
e. With the burner flame on, remove the flame sensor wire
from the FS terminal of the DSI module.
f. The burner flame must shut off and the ignition
module must lock out with the DSI module's indicator
light "red".
g. Stop the drying cycle, with the flame sensor wire still
removed, restart the drying cycle.
h. The ignition module must proceed through the
pre-purge, with the indicator light "red", the ignition
trial time of approximately 8 seconds, with the
indicator light "green", and then proceed to lock out
with the indicator light "red".
i. Functional check of the Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) Module is complete.
1)
Replace the flame sensor wire from the FS terminal to the DSI module.
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ADC 112169
18 -11/23/05- 0