BMW R 1200 GS ADVENTURE Technical data

Rider's Manual
R 1200 GS Adventure
BMW Motorrad
The Ultimate
Riding Machine
Motorcycle data/dealership details
Motorcycle data
Dealership details
Model
Person to contact in Service department
Vehicle identification number
Ms/Mr
Colour code
Phone number
Date of first registration
Registration number
Dealership address/phone number (company stamp)
Details described or illustrated
in this booklet may differ from
the motorcycle's actual specification as purchased, the accessories fitted or the national-market
specification. No claims will be
entertained as a result of such
discrepancies.
Dimensions, weights, fuel consumption and performance data
are quoted to the customary tolerances.
The right to modify designs,
equipment and accessories is
reserved.
Errors and omissions excepted.
© 2009 BMW Motorrad
Not to be reproduced either
wholly or in part without written
permission from BMW Motorrad,
After Sales.
Printed in Germany.
The most important data for a filling-station stop can be found in the following chart:
Fuel
Recommended fuel grade
Premium plus unleaded
98 ROZ/RON
91 AKI
Premium unleaded (slight power- and consumption-related restrictions)
95 ROZ/RON
89 AKI
with regular unleaded (RON 91) OE
Regular unleaded (power- and consumption-related restrictions)
91 ROZ/RON
87 AKI
Usable fuel capacity
approx. 33 l
Reserve fuel
approx. 4 l
Tyre pressures
Tyre pressure, front
2.2 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.5 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
Tyre pressure, rear
2.5 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.9 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
BMW recommends
Order No.: 01 41 7 726 941
09.2009, 1st edition
*01417726941*
*01417726941*
*01417726941*
Welcome to BMW
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from
BMW and welcome you to the
community of BMW riders.
Familiarise yourself with your new
motorcycle so that you can ride it
safely and confidently in all traffic
situations.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully before starting to use
your new BMW motorcycle. It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW's technical
features.
In addition, it contains information
on maintenance and care to help
you maintain your motorcycle's
reliability and safety, as well as its
value.
If you have questions concerning
your motorcycle, your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly
provide advice and assistance.
We hope that you will enjoy riding your BMW and that all your
journeys will be pleasant and
safe.
BMW Motorrad.
Table of Contents
You can also consult the index at
the end of this Rider's Manual if
you want to find a particular topic
or item of information.
1 General instructions . . . . 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and
symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2 General views . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General view, left side . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . 13
Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . 14
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . 16
Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . 17
Instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3 Status indicators . . . . . . .
Standard status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status indicators with onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status indicators with
tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . .
Warnings issued by the onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ABS warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASC warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RDC warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-theft alarm warnings . . . .
21
4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition switch and steering
lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic immobiliser
EWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer and
tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On-board computer . . . . . . . . .
45
22
23
24
24
29
31
33
36
41
46
47
48
49
51
Tyre pressure monitoring
RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazard warning flashers . . . . .
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating grip heating . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Stability Control
ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
55
56
56
57
58
59
60
62
62
63
63
64
65
65
66
68
69
71
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . 72
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . .
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Off-roading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking your motorcycle . . . .
Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Secure the motorcycle for
transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
76
78
78
81
82
83
84
84
6 Engineering details . . . . .
Brake system with BMW
Motorrad Integral ABS . . . . . .
Electronic engine management with BMW Motorrad
ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tyre pressure monitoring
RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
86
90
92
94
95
7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
General instructions . . . . . . . . . 98
Power sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Topcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . . . .
Toolkit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rims and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . .
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
107
108
108
109
110
116
116
117
123
125
132
135
136
9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing motorcycle. . . . . . .
Cleaning easily damaged
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protective wax coating . . . .
141
142
142
142
143
144
Laying up motorcycle . . . . . 144
Restoring motorcycle to
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
10 Technical data . . . . . .
Troubleshooting chart . . . . .
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . .
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . .
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . .
Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Riding specifications . . . . . .
145
146
147
149
150
151
152
152
153
153
154
155
156
158
158
159
159
11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad service . . . .
BMW Motorrad service
quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad mobility
services - roadside assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad service
network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of service . . . .
161
162
162
162
163
163
164
169
General instructions
General instructions
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . 6
1
5
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
General instructions
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
z
1
General instructions
6
z
Overview
Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manual will provide you with an initial
overview of your motorcycle. All
maintenance and repair work on
the motorcycle is documented in
Chapter 11. This record of the
maintenance work you have had
performed on your motorcycle is
a precondition for generous treatment of goodwill claims.
When the time comes to sell
your BMW, please remember
to hand over this Rider's Manual; it is an important part of the
motorcycle.
Abbreviations and
symbols
Indicates warnings that you
must comply with for reasons of your safety and the safety
of others, and to protect your
motorcycle against damage.
Specific instructions on
how to operate, control, adjust or look after items of equipment on the motorcycle.
Indicates the end of an
item of information.
OE
Optional extra
The motorcycles are assembled complete with
all the BMW optional extras originally ordered.
OA
Optional accessory
You can obtain optional accessories through
your authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer; optional
accessories have to be
retrofitted to the motorcycle.
Instruction.
Result of an activity.
Reference to a page with
more detailed information.
Indicates the end of a
passage relating to specific accessories or items
of equipment.
EWS Electronic immobiliser.
Tightening torque.
ABS
Item of technical data.
ASC Automatic Stability Control.
DWA Anti-theft alarm (Diebstahlwarnanlage)
Anti-lock brake system
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment.
RDC Tyre pressure control
(ReifenDruck-Control)
Equipment
When you ordered your BMW
motorcycle, you chose various
items of custom equipment. This
Rider's Manual describes optional extras (OE) offered by BMW
and selected optional accessories (OA). This explains why the
manual may also contain descriptions of equipment which
you have not ordered. Please
note, too, that your motorcycle
might not be exactly as illustrated in this manual on account
of country-specific differences.
If your BMW was supplied with
equipment not described in
this Rider's Manual, you will
find these features described in
separate manuals.
Technical data
All dimensions, weights and
power ratings stated in the
Rider's Manual are quoted to the
standards and comply with the
tolerance requirements of the
Deutsches Institut für Normung
e.V. (DIN). Versions for individual
countries may differ.
Currency
The high safety and quality
standards of BMW motorcycles
are maintained by constant
development work on designs,
equipment and accessories.
Because of this, your motorcycle
may differ from the information
supplied in the Rider's Manual.
Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely
rule out errors and omissions.
We hope you will appreciate that
no claims can be entertained on
the basis of the data, illustrations
or descriptions in this manual.
1
7
General instructions
ESA
z
General instructions
1
8
z
General views
General views
General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2
9
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
General views
Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
z
General views
2
10
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Adjuster, spring preload,
front ( 66)
Adjustment of windscreen
( 62)
Adjuster for headlight
beam throw (underneath
the instrument panel)
( 72)
Clutch-fluid reservoir
( 116)
Type plate (on frame, behind side cover)
Seat lock ( 72)
Power socket ( 98)
Adjuster for damping characteristic, rear suspension
( 68)
Engine oil level indicator
( 109)
2
11
General views
General view, left side
z
General views
2
12
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Adjuster for spring preload,
rear ( 66)
Fuel filler neck ( 84)
Brake-fluid reservoir, front
( 113)
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) (on steering-head
bearing)
Air filter (behind right side
panel) ( 132)
Engine-oil filler neck
( 110)
Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
( 115)
2
13
General views
General view, right side
z
2
Handlebar fitting, left
1
General views
14
z
2
3
4
5
Control for the odometer
( 49)
Operation of the clock
( 48)
with on-board computer OE
Operating the on-board
computer ( 51)
with auxiliary
headlights OE
Operation of the auxiliary
headlights ( 55)
with BMW Motorrad Integral ABS II OE
Operating the ABS
( 59)
with Automatic Stability
Control OE
Operating ASC ( 60)
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Operating ESA ( 69)
Horn
7
Flashing turn indicators,
left ( 56)
Hazard warning flashers
( 56)
Headlight flasher and highbeam headlight ( 55)
2
15
General views
6
z
2
General views
16
z
Handlebar fitting, right
1
2
3
4
5
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) ( 57)
Starter button ( 78)
with heated handlebar
grips OE
Grip heating control
( 58)
Flashing turn indicators,
right ( 56)
Hazard warning flashers
( 56)
Cancel button, flashing
turn indicators ( 56)
Pushbutton, cancel hazard
warning flashers ( 56)
1
2
3
4
Rider's Manual
Battery ( 136)
Toolkit
Payload table (in tool tray)
Tyre pressures table (in
tool tray)
Helmet holder ( 74)
2
17
General views
Underneath the seat
z
2
18
Instrument panel
1
2
3
General views
4
5
z
6
Speedometer
Rev. counter
Telltale lights ( 22)
Warning lights ( 24)
Multifunction display
( 22)
Ambient-light brightness
sensor (for adapting the
brightness of the instrument lighting)
with anti-theft alarm
(DWA) OE
Anti-theft alarm telltale light
(see the instructions for
use for the anti-theft alarm)
Control for the odometer
( 49)
Operation of the clock
( 48)
The instrument-cluster
lighting has automatic day
and night switchover.
1
2
3
Low-beam headlight
High-beam headlight
Side light
2
19
General views
Headlight
z
General views
2
20
z
Status indicators
Standard status indicators . . . . . . . . . . 22
Status indicators with on-board
computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Status indicators with tyre pressure
monitoring (RDC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Warnings issued by the on-board
computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
ABS warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
ASC warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
RDC warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Anti-theft alarm warnings . . . . . . . . . . . 41
3
21
Status indicators
Status indicators
z
3
Standard status
indicators
22
Multifunction display
Telltale lights
level, before the reading is updated.
Gear indicator
Status indicators
The gear engaged or N
for neutral appears on the
display.
z
If no gear is engaged, the
'neutral' telltale light also
lights up.
1
1
2
3
4
5
Gear indicator ( 22)
Clock ( 48)
Engine temperature gauge
reading ( 22)
Odometer and tripmeters
( 49)
Fuel-gauge reading
( 22)
2
3
4
Flashing turn indicators,
left
High-beam headlight
Idle
Flashing turn indicators,
right
Fuel-gauge reading
The horizontal bars below
the fuel-pump symbol indicate the remaining quantity of
fuel.
Once you have refuelled, the
gauge briefly shows the original
Engine temperature gauge
reading
The horizontal bars below
the temperature symbol
indicate the engine temperature.
If the next service is due in less
than one month, the date for the
next service 1 is shown briefly
after the Pre-Ride Check completes. In this example the reading means "March 2010".
panied by the 'General' warning
light showing yellow. The word
"Service" remains permanently
visible.
If the motorcycle covers long distances in the course of the year,
under certain circumstances it
might be necessary to have it
serviced at a date in advance
of the forecast due date. If the
countdown distance to the odometer reading at which a service
will be due is less than 1000 km,
the distance is counted down in
steps of 100 km 2 and is shown
briefly after the Pre-Ride Check
completes.
If service is overdue, the due
date or the odometer reading at
which service was due is accom-
If the sevice-due indicator
appears more than a month
before the service date, the date
saved in the instrument cluster
must be adjusted. This situation
can occur if the battery was disconnected for a prolonged period
of time.
If you want to have the date set
consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Status indicators with
on-board computer
with on-board computer OE
3
23
Status indicators
Service-due indicator
z
Standard warnings
3
Mode of presentation
Status indicators
24
z
1
Status-indicator panel of
the on-board computer
( 51)
Status indicators
with tyre pressure
monitoring (RDC)
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
1
Tyre-pressure readout
( 54)
The figures shown in the
tyre-pressure readings are
temperature-compensated (see
the section entitled "Engineering
details").
Warnings are indicated by the
'General' warning light 1 showing in combination with a warning
word, for example 2 or in combination with one of the warning
symbols 3. The 'General' warning light shows red or yellow, depending on the urgency of the
warning.
If two or more warnings occur at
the same time, all the appropriate warning lights and warning
symbols appear, alternating with
warning words as applicable.
3
25
Status indicators
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
z
3
26
Warnings, overview
Telltale lights
Lights up yellow
Status indicators
EWS ! appears on
Meaning
Electronic immobiliser active (
27)
the display
Status indicators
Lights up yellow
FUEL ! appears
Fuel down to reserve (
27)
on the display
Lights up yellow
Appears on the display
Engine in emergency-operation mode
( 27)
Flashes red
Appears on the display
Insufficient engine oil pressure (
Lights up red
Appears on the display
Insufficient battery charge current
( 28)
Lights up yellow
LAMPR ! appears
Rear light bulb defective (
z
28)
on the display
LAMPF ! appears
Front light bulb defective (
on the display
Lights up yellow
LAMPS ! appears
on the display
Bulbs defective (
29)
29)
28)
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
EWS ! appears on the display.
Possible cause:
The key being used is not authorised for starting, or communication between key and engine
electronics is disrupted.
Remove all other vehicle keys
from the same ring as the ignition key.
Use the reserve key.
Have the defective key replaced, preferably by an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Fuel down to reserve
Lack of fuel can result in
the engine misfiring and
cutting out unexpectedly. Misfiring can damage the catalytic
converter; a hazardous situation
can result if the engine cuts out
unexpectedly.
Do not run the fuel tank dry.
Possible cause:
The fuel tank contains no more
than the reserve quantity of fuel.
Reserve fuel
approx. 4 l
Refuelling ( 84).
Engine in emergencyoperation mode
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
FUEL ! appears on the display.
The engine symbol appears
on the display.
The engine is running in
emergency operating mode.
Full engine power or full engine
rpm might not be available and
this can cause hazardous situations, particularly if you attempt
to overtake other road users.
Engine power level might be
lower than normal: adapt your
style of riding accordingly.
Possible cause:
The engine control unit has diagnosed a fault. In exceptional
cases, the engine stops and refuses to start. Otherwise, the engine runs in emergency operating
mode.
You can continue to ride, but
bear in mind that the usual engine power might not be available.
Avoid high load and rpm
ranges if possible.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
3
27
Status indicators
Electronic immobiliser
active
z
3
28
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Insufficient engine oil
pressure
Status indicators
The "General" warning light
flashes red.
z
The oilcan symbol appears
on the display.
The oil pressure in the lube-oil
system is too low. Stop immediately and switch off the engine.
The insufficient oil pressure warning does not fulfil
the function of an oil gauge. The
only way of checking whether the
oil level is correct is to check the
oil level indicator.
Possible cause:
The engine-oil level is too low.
Checking engine oil level
( 109).
If the oil level is too low:
Top up the engine oil.
Possible cause:
The engine-oil pressure is insufficient.
Riding when engine-oil
pressure is low can result
in engine damage.
Do not continue your journey.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Insufficient battery charge
current
The "General" warning light
shows red.
The battery symbol appears
on the display.
A discharged battery can
render various systems unavailable, for example the lights,
the engine or the ABS. This can
result in dangerous situations.
If possible, do not continue your
journey.
Battery is not being charged. If
you continue to ride the motorcycle the on-board electronics
will drain the battery.
Possible cause:
Alternator or alternator drive belt
defective
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Rear light bulb defective
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
LAMPR ! appears on the display.
Front light bulb defective
LAMPF ! appears on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Possible cause:
Low-beam headlight, high-beam
headlight, side-light or turn-indicator bulb defective.
Replacing low-beam/high-beam
headlight bulb ( 125).
Replacing parking-light bulb
( 127).
Replacing turn indicator bulbs,
front and rear ( 128).
Bulbs defective
Warnings issued by the
on-board computer
3
Mode of presentation
29
with on-board computer OE
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
LAMPS ! appears on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Possible cause:
A combination of the bulb defects described above has occurred.
See the fault descriptions
above.
Warnings issued by the on-board
computer appear as one of the
symbols 1.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Status indicators
Possible cause:
Rear light or brake light bulb defective.
The LED rear light must be
replaced. Consult a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
z
3
30
Warnings, overview
Telltale lights
Status indicators
Appears on the display
Meaning
Engine-oil level too low (
Status indicators
Check Oil ap-
z
pears on the display
Appears on the display
Ice warning (
31)
31)
The oil-level symbol appears on the display.
Check Oil appears on the
display.
Possible cause:
The electronic oil-level sensor
has registered an excessively low
oil level. The next time you stop
for fuel:
Checking engine oil level
( 109).
If the oil level is too low:
Top up the engine oil ( 110).
If the oil level is correct:
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Ice warning
The ice-crystal symbol appears on the display.
Possible cause:
The air temperature measured
at the motorcycle is lower than
3 °C.
The ice warning does not
mean that there is no risk
of black ice forming at measured
temperatures above 3 °C.
Always take extra care when
temperatures are low; remember
that the danger of black ice forming is particularly high on bridges
and where the road is in shade.
Ride carefully and think well
ahead.
ABS warnings
Mode of presentation
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
3
31
ABS warnings are indicated by
ABS warning light 1.
The way in which the ABS warning light indicates status can differ in some countries.
Possible national variant.
The detailed descriptions relating
to BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
start on page ( 90), and you
will find an overview listing the
possible warnings on the next
page.
Status indicators
Engine-oil level too low
z
3
Status indicators
32
z
Warnings, overview
Telltale lights
Status indicators
Meaning
Flashes
Self-diagnosis not completed (
Lights up
ABS deactivated (
Lights up
ABS fault (
33)
33)
33)
The ABS warning light
flashes.
Possible cause:
The ABS function is not
available, because selfdiagnosis did not complete. The
motorcycle has to move forward
a few metres for the wheel
sensors to be tested.
Pull away slowly. Bear in mind
that the ABS function is not
available until self-diagnosis has
completed.
ABS deactivated
The ABS warning light
comes on.
Possible cause:
The rider has switched off the
ABS system.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
Activating ABS function
( 60).
ASC warnings
Mode of presentation
with Automatic Stability Control OE
3
33
ABS fault
The ABS warning light
comes on.
Possible cause:
The ABS control unit has detected a fault. The ABS function is
not available.
You can continue to ride the
motorcycle, but make due provision for the fact that the ABS
function is not available. Bear
in mind the more detailed information on situations that can
lead to an ABS fault ( 91).
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
ASC warnings are indicated by
ASC symbol 2 or off-road ASC
symbol 3 in combination with
'General' warning light 1.
The detailed descriptions relating
to BMW Motorrad ASC start on
page ( 92), and you will find
an overview listing the possible
warnings on the next page.
Status indicators
Self-diagnosis not
completed
z
Warnings, overview
Telltale lights
34
Quick-flashes yellow
Appears on the display
ASC intervention (
Quick-flashes yellow
Appears on the display
Off-road ASC intervention (
Slow-flashes
Self-diagnosis not completed (
Slow-flashes
Self-diagnosis in off-road mode not
completed ( 35)
Appears on the display
ASC deactivated (
Appears on the display
ASC fault (
Status indicators
3
z
Lights up yellow
Status indicators
Meaning
36)
35)
35)
35)
35)
The "General" warning light
quick-flashes yellow.
The ASC symbol appears
on the display.
The ASC has detected a degree
of instability at the rear wheel
and has intervened to reduce
torque. The warning light flashes
for longer than ASC intervention
lasts. This affords the rider visual
feedback on control intervention
even after the critical situation
has been dealt with.
Off-road ASC intervention
The "General" warning light
quick-flashes yellow.
The off-road ASC symbol
appears on the display.
The off-road ASC has detected
a degree of instability at the rear
wheel and has intervened to reduce torque. The warning light
flashes for longer than ASC intervention lasts. This affords the
rider visual feedback on control
intervention even after the critical
situation has been dealt with.
Self-diagnosis not
completed
The ASC symbol slowflashes.
Possible cause:
The ASC function is not available, because self-diagnosis did
not complete. The motorcycle
has to move forward at a speed
of at least 5 km/h for the wheel
sensors to be tested.
Pull away slowly. The ASC
warning light must go out within a few metres.
If the ASC warning light continues to flash:
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Self-diagnosis in off-road
mode not completed
The off-road ASC symbol
slow-flashes.
Possible cause:
The ASC function is not available, because self-diagnosis did
not complete. The motorcycle
has to move forward at a speed
of at least 5 km/h for the wheel
sensors to be tested.
Pull away slowly. The ASC
warning light must go out within a few metres.
If the ASC warning light continues to flash:
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
ASC deactivated
The ASC symbol appears
on the display.
3
35
Status indicators
ASC intervention
z
3
Status indicators
36
z
Possible cause:
The rider has switched off the
ASC system.
with Automatic Stability Control OE
Activating ASC function
( 61).
ASC fault
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
The ASC symbol appears
on the display.
Possible cause:
The ASC control unit has detected a fault. The ASC function
and the off-road ASC function
are not available.
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that the ASC function
is not available. Bear in mind
the more detailed information
on situations that can lead to
an ASC fault ( 93).
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
RDC warnings
Mode of presentation
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
The tyre-pressure readings are
based on a reference tyre temperature of 20 °C ( 95).
Warning symbol 2 indicates a
critical tyre pressure, and the corresponding reading in the display
flashes.
If the critical value is close to the
limit of the permissible tolerance
range, 'General' warning light 1
shows yellow. If the tyre pressure registered by the sensor is
outside the permissible tolerance
range, the general warning light 1
flashes red.
The tyre pressures for front
wheel 3 and rear wheel 4
are shown. The graphic here
indicates that the reading for the
front wheel is flashing, which
3
37
Status indicators
means that pressure in the front
tyre has reached a critical value.
The detailed descriptions relating
to BMW Motorrad RDC start on
page ( 94), and you will find
an overview listing the possible
warnings on the next page.
z
3
Status indicators
38
Warnings, overview
Telltale lights
Lights up yellow
Status indicators
Tyre symbol appears on the display.
Meaning
Tyre pressure close to limit of permitted
tolerance ( 39)
The critical tyre
pressure flashes.
Flashes red
Tyre symbol appears on the display.
Tyre pressure outside permitted tolerance ( 39)
The critical tyre
pressure flashes.
"--" or "-is displayed.
z
Lights up yellow
Tyre symbol appears on the display.
"--" or "-is displayed.
Lights up yellow
--"
40)
Sensor defective or system error
( 40)
--"
RDC! appears on
the display
Signal transmission disrupted (
Battery of tyre-pressure sensor weak
( 41)
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
The tyre symbol appears
on the display.
The critical tyre pressure flashes.
Possible cause:
Measured tyre pressure is close
to the limit of permitted tolerance.
Correct the tyre pressure as
stated on the inside cover of
the Rider's Manual.
Before you adjust tyre pressure, read the information
on temperature compensation
and adjusting pressure in the
section entitled "Engineering
details".
Tyre pressure outside
permitted tolerance
The "General" warning light
flashes red.
The tyre symbol appears
on the display.
The critical tyre pressure flashes.
Possible cause:
Measured tyre pressure is outside permitted tolerance.
Check the tyre for damage and
to ascertain whether the motorcycle can be ridden with the
tyre in its present condition.
If the motorcycle can be ridden
with the tyre in its present condition:
Incorrect tyre pressures impair the motorcycle's handling characteristics.
If tyre pressure is incorrect it is
essential to adapt your style of
riding accordingly.
Correct the tyre pressure at the
earliest possible opportunity.
3
Before you adjust tyre pressure, read the information
on temperature compensation
and adjusting pressure in the
section entitled "Engineering
details".
39
Have the tyre checked for
damage by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
If you are unsure whether the
motorcycle can be ridden with
the tyre in its present condition:
Do not continue your journey.
Notify the breakdown service.
Have the tyre checked for
damage by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Status indicators
Tyre pressure close
to limit of permitted
tolerance
z
Signal transmission
disrupted
40
"--" or "-- --" is displayed.
Possible cause:
The motorcycle has not yet accelerated past the threshold of
approximately 30 km/h. The
RDC sensors do not start transmitting signals until the motorcycle reaches a speed above
this threshold for the first time
( 94).
Increase speed above this
threshold and observe the RDC
readings. Assume that a permanent fault has not occurred
unless the 'General' warning
light comes on to accompany
the symptoms. Under these
circumstances:
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Status indicators
3
z
Possible cause:
Wireless communication with the
RDC sensors has been disrupted.
Possible causes include radiocommunication systems operating in the vicinity and interfering
with the link between the RDC
control unit and the sensors.
Move to another location and
observe the RDC readings. Assume that a permanent fault
has not occurred unless the
'General' warning light comes
on to accompany the symptoms. Under these circumstances:
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Sensor defective or
system error
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
The tyre symbol appears
on the display.
"--" or "-- --" is displayed.
Possible cause:
Motorcycle is fitted with wheels
not equipped with RDC sensors.
Fit wheels and tyres equipped
with RDC sensors.
Possible cause:
One or two RDC sensors have
failed.
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Possible cause:
A system error has occurred.
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
RDC! appears on the display.
Anti-theft alarm
warnings
3
Mode of presentation
41
with anti-theft alarm (DWA) OE
This error message appears
only briefly after the preride check completes.
Possible cause:
The integral battery in the tyrepressure sensor has lost a significant proportion of its original
capacity. There is no assurance
of how long the tyre pressure
control system can remain operational.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Anti-theft alarm warnings appear
as plain-text warnings 2 in combination with the 'General' warning light 1 showing after the PreRide Check and relate to the capacity of the internal battery that
supplies power to the anti-theft
alarm.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Status indicators
Battery of tyre-pressure
sensor weak
z
3
Warnings, overview
Telltale lights
42
Status indicators
DWALO ! appears
Meaning
Anti-theft alarm battery weak (
43)
on the display
Status indicators
Lights up yellow
z
DWA ! appears on
the display
Anti-theft alarm battery flat (
43)
DWALO ! appears on the display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the preride check completes.
Possible cause:
The integral battery in the antitheft alarm has lost a significant
proportion of its original capacity. There is no assurance of
how long the anti-theft alarm can
remain operational if the motorcycle's battery is disconnected.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Anti-theft alarm battery
flat
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
DWA ! appears on the display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the preride check completes.
Possible cause:
The integral battery in the antitheft alarm has lost its entire original capacity. There is no assurance that the anti-theft alarm will
be operational if the motorcycle's
battery is disconnected.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
3
43
Status indicators
Anti-theft alarm battery
weak
z
Status indicators
3
44
z
Operation
Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . 46
Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Electronic immobiliser EWS . . . . . . . . . 47
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Odometer and tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Shift mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
On-board computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Tyre pressure monitoring RDC . . . . . 54
Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Electronic Suspension Adjustment
ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Operating grip heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS . . . . . . . 59
Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Automatic Stability Control ASC . . . . 60
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
4
45
Operation
Operation
z
Ignition switch and
steering lock
46
Keys
Operation
4
z
You receive two master keys and
one spare key. Please consult
the information on the electronic
immobiliser (EWS) if a key is lost
or mislaid ( 47).
Ignition switch and steering lock,
tank filler cap lock and seat lock
are all operated with the same
key.
with aluminium case OA
with aluminium topcase OA
If you wish you can arrange to
have the cases and the topcase fitted with locks that can
be opened with this key as well.
Consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Switching on ignition
Turn the key to position 1.
Side lights and all function circuits switched on.
Engine can be started.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 79)
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 80)
with Automatic Stability Control OE
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 80)
Switching off ignition
Turn the key to position 2.
Lights switched off.
Handlebars not locked.
Key can be removed.
Electrically powered accessories remain operational for a limited period of time.
The battery can be recharged
via the socket.
Locking handlebars
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface of
the ground will determine whether it is better to turn the handle-
Turn the handlebars to the full
left or right lock position.
Turn the key to position 3,
while moving the handlebars
slightly.
Ignition, lights and all function
circuits switched off.
Handlebars locked.
Key can be removed.
The EWS warning appears in the
multifunction display.
Always keep the spare key separately from the ignition key.
Electronic immobiliser
EWS
If you mislay a key you can have
the key in question barred by
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer. In order to have a key
barred you must bring along all
the other keys belonging to the
motorcycle.
The engine cannot be started by
a barred key, but a key that has
been barred can subsequently be
reactivated.
You can obtain replacement/extra
keys only through an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer. The keys
are part of an integrated security
system, so the dealer is under an
obligation to check the legitimacy
of all applications for replacement/extra keys.
The motorcycle's electronics
exchange certain continuously
changing signals with the electronics in the key; these signals
are specific to your motorcycle
and they are transmitted via the
ring aerial in the ignition lock.
The ignition is not enabled for
starting until the engine control
unit has recognised the key as
"authorised" for your motorcycle.
A spare key attached to
the same ring as the ignition key used to start the engine could "irritate" the electronics, in which case the enabling
signal for starting is not issued.
4
47
Operation
bars to the left or right. However,
the motorcycle is more stable on
a level surface with the handlebars turned to the left than with
the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
z
Clock
48
Attempting to set the clock
while riding the motorcycle
can lead to accidents.
Set the clock only when the motorcycle is stationary.
Operation
4
z
reading appears on the
display.
Setting clock
with on-board computer OE
or
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
Switch on the ignition.
without on-board computer OE
without tyre pressure monitoring (RDC) OE
Repeatedly press button 2 until the clock appears on the
display.
Repeatedly press button 1 or
button 2 until the odometer
Press and hold down the button until the hours number 3
flashes.
Repeatedly press the button
until the hours number is correct.
Press and hold down the button until the minutes number 4
flashes.
Repeatedly press the button
until the minutes number is
correct.
Hold down the button until the
minutes number stops flashing.
This completes the process.
Select the readings
with on-board computer OE
4
or
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
49
Switch on the ignition.
without on-board computer OE
without tyre pressure monitoring (RDC) OE
Press button 1.
Press button 1 or button 2.
Repeatedly press the button
until the value you want appears in panel 3.
The following values can be displayed:
Total distance covered
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
without on-board computer OE
Residual range (once fuel level is
down to reserve)
Resetting tripmeter
Switch on the ignition.
Select the desired tripmeter.
Operation
Odometer and
tripmeters
z
4
with on-board computer OE
or
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
Operation
50
without on-board computer OE
without tyre pressure monitoring (RDC) OE
z
Press and hold down button 1
or button 2 until the tripmeter
reading is reset.
Press and hold down button 1
until the tripmeter reading is
reset.
Residual range
without on-board computer OE
The residual-range readout 1 indicates how far you can ride with
the fuel remaining in the tank.
This reading is not displayed until
fuel level has dropped to reserve.
This distance is calculated on the
basis of fuel level and average
consumption.
When refuelling after running on
reserve, make sure that you top
up the tank to a level above reserve, as otherwise the sensor
will not be able to register the
new level. If the sensor cannot register the new level the
residual-range readout cannot be
updated.
Ambient temperature
The calculated range is an
approximate value. Consequently, BMW Motorrad recommends that you should not
try to use the full residual range
before refuelling.
with on-board computer OE
Switch on the ignition.
Repeatedly press button 1 until
the reading shows the value
you want.
The following values can be displayed in panel 2:
Clock (CLOCK)
Ambient temperature (TEMP)
Average speed (ØSPEED)
Average fuel consumption
(ØFUEL)
Range (RANGE)
Oil-level reminder (OIL)
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
Tyre pressures (RDC P)
When the motorcycle is at a
standstill the heat of the engine
can falsify ambient-temperature
reading 1. If the effect of the engine's heat becomes excessive,
-- temporarily appears on the
display.
If ambient temperature
drops below 3 °C this
warning appears, drawing
your attention to the risk of
black ice forming. The display
automatically switches from any
other mode to the temperature
reading when the temperature
Operation
51
On-board computer
Select the readings
4
z
drops below this threshold for
the first time.
52
Average speed
Operation
4
Average consumption
Press and hold down button 1
until the average-speed reading
is reset.
z
Average speed 1 is calculated
on the basis of the time elapsed
since the last reset. Times
during which the engine was
stopped are excluded from the
calculation.
Resetting average speed
Switch on the ignition.
Select average speed.
Average consumption 1 is calculated by dividing the distance
covered since the last reset by
the corresponding amount of fuel
used.
Resetting average
consumption
Switch on the ignition.
Select average consumption.
Press and hold down button 1
until the average-consumption
reading is reset.
when the motorcycle is on the
move.
4
The calculated range is only
an approximate reading.
Consequently, BMW Motorrad
recommends that you should not
try to use the full range before
refuelling.
53
Oil level
The description of the residualrange function ( 50) also covers range readout 1. You can
also view the range before the
fuel level drops to reserve.
A special average-consumption
figure is used to calculate range;
this figure is not necessarily the
same as the value you can call
up for viewing on the display.
When the motorcycle is propped
on its side stand the slight angle
of inclination means that the
sensor cannot register the fuel
level correctly. This is the reason
why the range is calculated only
Operation
Range
z
Oil-level indicator 1 gives you
an indication of the engine oil
level. You can call up this reading only when the motorcycle is
at a standstill.
4
Operation
54
z
The preconditions for the oil level
check are as follows:
Engine at operating temperature.
Engine idling for at least ten
seconds.
Side stand retracted.
Make sure the motorcycle is
upright.
The readings mean:
OK: Oil level is correct.
CHECK: Check the oil level the
next time you stop for fuel.
---: Oil level cannot be measured (conditions as stated above
not satisfied).
If you call up another reading on the on-board computer, this symbol remains visible
until the sensor again registers a
correct oil level.
The most recently measured
level is displayed for five seconds
when you next switch on the ignition.
The oil-level sensor might
be defective if the "Check
oil level" message appears even
though the oil level in the oil
sight glass is correct. In this
case, consult your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
Tyre pressure
monitoring RDC
Repeatedly press button 1 until the tyre-pressure readings
appear on the display.
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
Viewing tyre-pressure
readings
Switch on the ignition.
Tyre-pressure readings 2 are
based on a reference tyre temperature of 20 °C. The front tyre
pressure is on the left; the read-
Lights
When the engine is not
running you can switch on
the lights by switching on the ignition and either switching on the
high-beam headlight or operating
the headlight flasher.
Parking light
Switch off the ignition.
55
High-beam headlight and
headlight flasher
Side light
The side lights switch on automatically when the ignition is
switched on.
The side lights place
a strain on the battery.
Do not switch the ignition
on for longer than absolutely
necessary.
Low-beam headlight
The low-beam headlight switches
on automatically when you start
the engine.
Press top section of switch 1
to switch on the high-beam
headlight.
Press bottom section of
switch 1 to operate the
headlight flasher.
4
Immediately after switching off
the ignition, push button 1 and
hold it in this position until the
parking lights come on.
Switch the ignition on and off
again to switch off the parking
lights.
Auxiliary headlights
with auxiliary headlights OE
Operation
ing on the right is the rear tyre
pressure. -- -- appears directly after the ignition is switched
on, because the sensors do not
transmit tyre pressures until the
first time the motorcycle accelerates to more than 30 km/h.
z
Turn indicators
4
Operating flashing turn
indicators
56
Operation
Switch on the ignition.
z
Press left section of switch 1
to switch on the auxiliary headlights.
Press right section of switch 1
to switch off the auxiliary headlights.
The LED auxiliary headlights available as optional
accessories have an overheat
cutout. The headlights switch
off if a certain temperature is
reached. Once they have cooled
sufficiently, the lights switch on
again automatically.
The turn indicators are cancelled automatically after
you have ridden for approximately 10 seconds, or covered a
distance of about 200 m.
Press button 2 to switch on
the right flashing turn indicator.
Press button 3 to switch off
the flashing turn indicators.
Hazard warning
flashers
Operating hazard warning
flashers
Switch on the ignition.
Press button 1 to switch on
the left flashing turn indicator.
The hazard warning flashers place a strain on the
battery. Do not use the hazard
warning flashers for longer than
absolutely necessary.
Emergency off switch
(kill switch)
If you press a turn-indicator button with the ignition
switched on, the turn-indicator
function is activated instead of
the hazard warning flashers, and
remains active until you release
the button. The hazard warning
flashers recommence flashing as
soon as the button is released.
1
Emergency off switch (kill
switch)
Operating the kill switch
when riding can cause
the rear wheel to lock and thus
cause a fall.
Do not operate the kill switch
when riding.
The emergency off switch is a
kill switch for switching off the
engine quickly and easily.
Operation
57
Press button 3 to switch off
the hazard warning flashers.
Press buttons 1 and 2 at the
same time to switch on the
hazard warning flashers.
Ignition can be switched off.
4
z
is low, grip heating is switched
off to ensure the battery's starting capability.
4
Operation
58
z
a
b
Normal operating position
(run)
Engine switched off.
You cannot start the engine
unless the kill switch is in
the run position.
Operating grip heating
with heated handlebar grips OE
Start the engine.
The increase in power consumption caused by the
grip heating can drain the battery if you are riding at low engine speeds. If the charge level
Set switch 1 to the desired
heating stage.
The handlebar grips have twostage heating. Stage two is for
heating the grips quickly: it is advisable to switch back to stage
one as soon as the grips are
warm. Grip heating can be activated only when the engine is
running.
2 No dot visible: heating off.
3 one dot visible: 50% heat
output.
4 three dots visible: 100%
heat output.
Bring the motorcycle to a stop
or, if the motorcycle is at a
standstill, switch on the ignition.
The heating stage you have selected also appears in the multifunction display.
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
4
The ABS function is deactivated, but the integral function
remains active.
Response with ABS
deactivated
50 % heating power
100 % heating power
warning light responds. Under
these circumstances there is
no change in the ASC setting.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The ABS warning light remains ON.
Operation
Deactivating ABS function
Press and hold down button 1
until the ABS warning light
changes status.
The ABS warning light
comes on.
with Automatic Stability Control OE
Initially, the ASC symbol
changes status. Press and hold
down button 1 until the ABS
If you deactivate the ABS, the
function is initially disabled for
the front wheel only. If you subsequently apply the brakes by
pulling only the handbrake lever,
the Integral function ensures that
the rear wheel is also braked and
ABS control remains active for
the rear wheel. ABS control for
the rear wheel is not deactivated
until you depress the footbrake
lever.
59
z
4
Activating ABS function
Operation
60
z
You also have the option of
switching the ignition off and
then on again.
This symbol appears on the
display to indicate that ASC
is active in off-road mode.
If you switch the ignition off
then on again and the ABS
light comes back on, there is a
fault in the ABS.
This symbol appears on the
display to indicate that ASC
has been deactivated.
Automatic Stability
Control ASC
Press and hold down button 1
until the ABS warning light
changes status.
The ABS warning light
goes out; if self-diagnosis
has not completed it starts flashing.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The ABS warning light remains off or continues to
flash.
The ABS function is activated.
with Automatic Stability Control OE
Operation
The BMW Motorrad ASC system can be deactivated and activated and switched to an offroad mode ( 93) for riding on
pebbly or gravely surfaces and on
loose sand.
ASC is active when the ASC
symbol does not show.
Sequence of operations:
Switch from ASC to off-road
ASC
Deactivate ASC
Activate ASC
Switching and
deactivating ASC function
Switch on the ignition.
You have the option of deactivating the ASC function
while the motorcycle is on the
move.
To switch to offroad ASC,
press and hold down button 1
until the ASC symbol changes
status.
The off-road ASC symbol
appears on the display; if
self-diagnosis has not completed
the off-road ASC symbol flashes.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The off-road ASC symbol
remains visible or continues
to flash.
The off-road ASC function is
activated.
The ASC function is deactivated.
Activating ASC function
The ASC symbol no longer
shows; if ASC self-diagnosis has not completed the ASC
symbol flashes.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The ASC symbol still does
not show or continues to
flash.
The ASC function is activated.
You also have the option of
switching the ignition off and
then on again.
An ASC fault has occurred
if the ASC warning light
shows when the motorcycle
accelerates to a speed in excess of 10 km/h after the ignition was switched off and then
on again.
Press and hold down button 1
until the ASC symbol changes
status.
4
61
Operation
To switch off ASC, press and
hold down button 1 until the
ASC symbol changes status.
The ASC symbol appears
on the display.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The ASC symbol continues
to show.
z
4
Windscreen
Adjusting seat height
Adjusting windscreen
Remove the front seat ( 73).
Turn the front seat upside
down.
Operation
62
Seat height
The front seat can work
loose and wobble if the two
seat rods are not in the same
position.
Always be sure to install both
seat rods in the same position.
z
Remove seat rods 1 and 2
from holders 3.
Re-insert the seat rods in the
desired position.
Position 4: seat in high position
Position 5: seat in low position
Install the front seat ( 73).
Slacken clamping screws 1 on
left and right.
Pivot the windscreen forward
or back to the desired position.
Make sure that the windscreen
settings are the same on left
and right.
Tighten the clamping screws
on left and right.
Adjusting clutch lever
If the position of the clutch
fluid reservoir is changed,
air can enter the clutch system.
Do not twist the handlebar fitting
or the handlebars.
Attempting to adjust the
clutch lever while riding the
motorcycle can lead to accidents.
Do not attempt to adjust the
clutch lever unless the motorcycle is at a standstill.
Turn adjusting screw 1
clockwise to increase the span
between the clutch lever and
the handlebar grip.
Turn adjusting screw 1
counter-clockwise to reduce
the span between the clutch
lever and the handlebar grip.
handbrake lever unless the motorcycle is at a standstill.
63
The adjusting screw is easier to turn if you push the
clutch lever forward.
Brakes
Adjust the handbrake
lever
Changing the position of
the brake-fluid reservoir can
allow air to penetrate the brake
system.
Do not twist the handlebar fitting
or the handlebars.
Attempting to adjust the
handbrake lever while riding the motorcycle can lead to
accidents.
Do not attempt to adjust the
4
Turn adjusting screw 1
clockwise to increase the span
between the brake lever and
the handlebar grip.
Turn adjusting screw 1
counter-clockwise to reduce
the span between the brake
lever and the handlebar grip.
The adjusting screw is easier to turn if you push the
handbrake lever forward.
Operation
Clutch
z
4
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Operation
64
Shift mechanism
Adjust the footbrake lever
Adjusting shift lever
Push the footplate up until it
locks for riding seated.
z
Slacken screw 1.
Turn peg 2 to the desired position.
Push footplate 1 of the footrest
forward to disengage.
You might experience difficulties with gearshifts if
the peg is set either too high or
too low. Check the setting of the
peg if you experience gearshift
difficulties.
Push the footplate down until it
locks for riding upright.
Tighten screw 1 to the specified tightening torque.
Adjusting mirror arm
Handlebars
8 Nm
4
65
Adjusting handlebars
Mirrors
You can turn the handlebar
clamping blocks 180° to increase
or decrease handlebar reach.
Adjusting mirrors
Turn the mirror to the correct
position.
Push the protective cap over
the threaded fastener.
Push protective cap 1 up over
the threaded fastener on the
mirror arm.
Slacken nut 2.
Turn the mirror arm to the appropriate position.
Tighten the nut to the specified tightening torque, while
holding the mirror arm to ensure that it does not move out
of position.
Mirror to adapter
22 Nm
Operation
Peg to gearshift lever
z
Short-reach position, handlebars
toward rider.
It is essential to set spring preload of the rear suspension to
suit the load carried by the motorcycle. Increase spring preload
when the motorcycle is heavily
loaded and reduce spring preload
accordingly when the motorcycle
is lightly loaded.
4
Operation
66
z
Long-reach position, handlebars
away from rider.
If you want to have the handlebars adjusted consult a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Spring preload
Setting
It is essential to set spring preload of the front suspension to
suit the terrain. Increase spring
preload for riding in rough terrain
and reduce if the terrain is level.
Adjusting spring preload
for front wheel
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do not
match the spring-preload and
damping-characteristic settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic
to suit spring preload.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
If you want to reduce spring
preload, use the tool from the
on-board toolkit to turn spring
retainer 1 in direction a.
If you want to increase spring
preload, use the tool from the
on-board toolkit to turn the
spring retainer in direction b.
Spring preload at front
wheel
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Spring preload at setting 2
(On-road riding)
If you want to increase spring
preload, turn knob 1 in the direction indicated by the HIGH
arrow.
Spring preload at front
wheel
Spring preload at setting 3
(For riding on gravel tracks
and similar and with load)
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do not
match the spring-preload and
damping-characteristic settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic
to suit spring preload.
Adjusting spring preload
while the motorcycle is being ridden can lead to accidents.
Do not attempt to adjust spring
preload unless the motorcycle is
at a standstill.
If you want to reduce spring
preload, turn knob 1 in the direction indicated by the LOW
arrow.
Turn the knob as far as it
will go in the LOW direction,
then preload the spring by
10 clicks. (Full load of fuel,
with rider 85 kg)
Operation
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
67
Basic setting of spring
preload, rear
Spring preload at setting 5
(For riding off-road)
Adjusting spring preload
for rear wheel
4
z
An increase in spring preload
requires firmer damping, a reduction in spring preload requires softer damping.
4
68
Adjust the damping characteristic, using the tool from the
on-board toolkit to turn adjusting screw 1.
Operation
Adjusting damping for
rear wheel
z
You can ascertain the current
setting by counting the number of slots that are visible
(five when the adjuster is at
the LOW stop).
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Damping
Setting
Damping must be adapted to suit
the surface on which the motorcycle is ridden and to suit spring
preload.
An uneven surface requires
softer damping than a smooth
surface.
There is a risk of injury
by burns if you adjust the
damping characteristic while the
silencer is hot.
Use a screwdriver extension and
wear protective gloves.
If you want a softer damping
characteristic, use a screwdriver to turn adjusting screw 1
in the direction indicated by the
S arrow.
If you want a harder damping
characteristic, use a screwdriver to turn adjusting screw 1
in the direction indicated by the
H arrow.
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Turn the adjusting screw as
far as it will go in the direction indicated by the H arrow
and then turn it back one
and a half turns in the direction indicated by the S arrow
(Full load of fuel, with rider
85 kg)
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment ESA
face over which you intend riding.
You can adapt the suspension
settings for on-road or off-road
riding.
Three spring-preload stages can
be combined with any of three
damper settings for road riding,
while two spring-preload stages
can be paired with any of three
damper settings for off-roading.
The detailed description of the
ESA Electronic Suspension Adjustment system starts on page
( 95).
4
69
Press button 1 to view the current setting.
z
Calling up settings
Switch on the ignition.
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Possible adjustments
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA provides a convenient
way of adapting the motorcycle
to the load it carries and the sur-
Operation
Basic setting of rear-suspension damping characteristic
The damping characteristic is
shown in panel 1 of the multifunction display, and spring preload in panel 2.
4
70
The setting shows briefly, then
disappears automatically.
Adjust the suspension
damping
Operation
Switch on the ignition.
You can adjust the damping characteristic while the
motorcycle is on the move.
If a road-riding mode has been
selected the following can be
displayed:
COMF: comfort mode
NORM: normal mode
SPORT: sport mode
If an off-roading stage for offroad riding has been selected the
following can be displayed:
SOFT:
z
Soft damping charac-
teristic
NORM:
HARD:
Press button 1 to view the current setting.
Repeatedly press button 1 until
the setting you want to use
appears on the display.
normal mode
Hard damping charac-
Adjust spring preload
Start the engine.
You cannot adjust spring
preload while the motorcycle is on the move.
Wait until adjustment completes (reading stops flashing)
before pulling away.
If the temperature is very low,
take the weight off the motorcycle before increasing spring
preload; if applicable, have your
passenger dismount.
teristic
The setting shown on the display is automatically accepted
as the damping characteristic if you allow a certain length
of time to pass without pressing button 1. The ESA setting
then automatically disappears
from the display.
Press button 1 to view the current setting.
One-up
One-up with luggage
Two-up (with luggage)
The possible settings for off-road
riding then appear on the display.
The riding modes you can select
also change accordingly.
Predominantly smooth terrain
Uneven terrain
The settings shown on the display are automatically accepted
as the spring preload and, if
applicable, the damping char-
acteristic if you allow a certain
length of time to pass without
pressing button 1. The reading flashes while spring preload
adjustment is in progress. The
ESA setting then automatically
disappears from the display.
Tyres
tyre and make sure that the cap
is screwed on firmly.
4
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Check tyre pressures against
the data below.
71
Tyre pressure, front
Checking tyre pressure
Incorrect tyre pressures impair the motorcycle's handling characteristics and increase
the rate of tyre wear.
Always check that the tyre pressures are correct.
2.2 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
At high road speeds, tyre
valves installed perpendicular to the wheel rim have a
tendency to open as a result of
centrifugal force.
In order to avoid a sudden loss of
tyre pressure, fit a valve cap with
rubber sealing ring to the rear
2.5 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
2.5 bar (two-up and/or with
luggage, tyre cold)
Tyre pressure, rear
2.9 bar (two-up and/or with
luggage, tyre cold)
If tyre pressure is too low:
Correct tyre pressure.
Operation
Repeatedly press button 1 until
the setting you want to use
appears on the display.
The following can be displayed:
z
Headlight
72
Adjustment for driving on
right/driving on left
Operation
4
If the motorcycle is ridden in a
country where the opposite rule
of the road applies, its asymmetric low-beam headlight will tend
to dazzle oncoming traffic.
Have the headlight set accordingly by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
z
Consult a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer, if you are unsure whether
the headlight basic setting is
correct.
Headlight beam-throw
adjustment
a
b
Headlight beam throw and
spring preload
Headlight beam throw is generally kept constant when spring
preload is adjusted to suit load.
Spring preload adjustment might
not suffice only if the motorcycle
is very heavily loaded. Under
these circumstances, headlight
beam throw has to be adjusted
to suit the weight carried by the
motorcycle.
beam throw so as not to dazzle
oncoming traffic.
Neutral position
Position for heavy load
Front and rear seats
Remove the rear seat
1
Headlight beam-throw adjustment
Spring preload adjustment might
not suffice if the motorcycle is
very heavily loaded. Moving the
pivot lever adjusts headlight
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Install the front seat
4
Turn the key clockwise in seat
lock 1 and hold it in this position while pressing down the
front part of rear seat 2.
Lift the rear seat at the front
and release the key.
Remove the rear seat and
place it, upholstered side down,
on a clean surface.
Remove the front seat
Remove the rear seat (
72).
Turn the key counter-clockwise in seat lock 1 and hold
it in this position while pressing down the rear part of front
seat 3.
Lift the front seat at the rear
and release the key.
Remove the front seat and
place it, upholstered side down,
on a clean surface.
Position the front seat with
mounts 4 in holders 5 on left
and right and lay it down lightly
on the motorcycle.
Applying pressure to the rear
of the seat, push the front seat
slightly forward and then press
the seat firmly down.
The front seat engages with an
audible click.
Install the rear seat ( 73).
Install the rear seat
Install the front seat (
73).
Operation
73
z
4
Operation
74
z
Engage rear seat 2 in mount 6.
Push down firmly on the rear
seat, applying pressure to the
front of the seat.
The rear seat engages with an
audible click.
Helmet holder
Securing helmet to
motorcycle
Remove the front seat (
73).
The helmet catch can
scratch the panelling.
Make sure the lock is out of the
way when you hook the helmet
into position.
Attach the helmet to helmet
holder 1 by means of the chin
strap.
Install the front seat ( 73).
Riding
Riding
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
5
75
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Off-roading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Secure the motorcycle for transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Riding
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
z
Safety instructions
76
Do not ride without the correct
clothing. Always wear:
Helmet
Motorcycling jacket and
trousers
Gloves
Boots
Riding
5
z
Rider's equipment
This applies even to short journeys, and to every season of
the year. Your authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer will be glad to
advise you on the correct clothing for every purpose.
Loading
Overloading and imbalanced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the permissible
gross weight and be sure to
comply with the instructions on
loading.
Set spring preload, damping
characteristic and tyre pressures to suit total weight.
with aluminium case OA
Make sure that the weight is
uniformly distributed between
right and left.
Pack heavy items at the bottom and toward the inboard
side.
Note the maximum permissible
payload of the cases and the
speed limit for riding with cases
on the motorcycle.
Payload of aluminium
cases
see label in case
Maximum permissible
speed for riding with aluminium cases fitted to the motorcycle
see label in case
with aluminium topcase OA
Note the maximum permissible payload of the topcase and
the speed limit for riding with a
topcase on the motorcycle.
Payload of aluminium
topcase
see label in topcase
Maximum permissible
speed for riding with aluminium topcase fitted to the
motorcycle
see label in topcase
with tank rucksack OA
Note the maximum permissible
payload of the tank rucksack
and the speed limit for riding
with a tank rucksack on the
motorcycle.
}5 kg
Maximum permissible
speed for riding with the
tank rucksack fitted to the motorcycle
}130 km/h
Speed
If you ride at high speed, always
bear in mind that various boundary conditions can adversely affect the handling of your motorcycle:
Settings of the spring-strut and
shock-absorber system
Imbalanced load
Loose clothing
Insufficient tyre pressure
Poor tyre tread
Etc.
Maximum speed with
massive-bar tyres
The motorcycle's top
speed might be higher than
the maximum speed permitted
for the tyres. Excessive speeds
can damage the tyres and this
could cause accidents.
Comply with the tyre-specific
speed restrictions.
Always bear the maximum permissible top speed of the tyres
in mind when riding a motorcycle
fitted with massive-bar tyres.
Affix a label stating the maximum
permissible speed in the rider's
field of vision.
Risk of poisoning
Exhaust fumes contain carbon
monoxide, which is colourless
and odourless but highly toxic.
Inhaling the exhaust fumes
therefore represents a
health hazard and can even
cause loss of consciousness with
fatal consequences.
Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
Do not run the engine in an enclosed space.
5
77
Catalytic converter
If misfiring causes unburned fuel
to enter the catalytic converter,
there is a danger of overheating
and damage.
For this reason, observe the following points:
Do not run the fuel tank dry.
Do not attempt to start or run
the engine with a spark-plug
cap disconnected.
Stop the engine immediately if
it misfires.
Use only unleaded fuel.
Comply with all specified maintenance intervals.
Unburned fuel will destroy
the catalytic converter.
Riding
Payload of tank rucksack
z
5
Note the points listed for protection of the catalytic converter.
cycle in any way that could result
in tuned performance.
Starting
78
Risk of overheating
Checklist
Riding
Cooling would be
inadequate if the engine
were allowed to idle for a lengthy
period with the motorcycle at
a standstill: overheating would
result. In extreme cases, the
motorcycle could catch fire.
Do not allow the engine to idle
unnecessarily. Ride away immediately after starting the engine.
Use the following checklist to
check important functions, settings and wear limits before you
ride off.
Brakes
Brake-fluid levels, front and rear
Clutch
Clutch fluid level
Damping-characteristic setting
and spring preload
Tyre-tread depth and tyre
pressures
Cases correctly installed and
luggage secured
You cannot start the motorcycle
with the side stand extended and
a gear engaged. The engine will
switch itself off if you start it with
the gearbox in neutral and then
engage a gear before retracting
the side stand.
z
Tampering
Tampering with motorcycle settings (e.g. electronic engine management unit,
throttle valves, clutch) can cause
damages to the components in
question and lead to failure of
safety-relevant functions. Damage caused in this way is not
covered by the warranty.
Do not tamper with the motor-
At regular intervals:
Engine oil level (every refuelling
stop)
Brake-pad wear (every third
refuelling stop)
Side stand
Gearbox
You can start the engine when
the gearbox is in neutral or if you
pull the clutch with a gear engaged. Do not pull the clutch until after you have switched on the
ignition, as otherwise the engine
will refuse to start.
Starting engine
Consult the troubleshooting
chart below if the engine refuses to start. ( 146)
5
79
Press starter button 1.
Kill switch in run position a.
Switch on the ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 79)
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 80)
with Automatic Stability Control OE
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 80)
If ambient temperatures are
very low, you might find it
necessary to open the throttle
slightly when starting the engine.
At ambient temperatures below
0 °C, disengage the clutch after
switching on the ignition.
The start attempt is automatically interrupted if battery voltage is too low. Recharge
the battery before you start the
engine, or use jump leads and a
donor battery to start.
The engine starts.
The instrument panel runs a test
of the 'General' warning light
when the ignition is switched on:
this is the "Pre-Ride-Check. The
test is aborted if you start the
engine before it completes.
Phase 1
The "General" warning light
shows red.
CHECK! appears on the display.
Phase 2
The "General" warning light
shows yellow.
CHECK! appears on the display.
Riding
Pre-ride check
z
If the 'General' warning light does
not show:
few metres for the wheel sensors
to be tested.
80
Some malfunctions cannot
be indicated if the 'General' warning light cannot be displayed.
Check that the 'General' warning
light comes on, and that it shows
red and yellow.
Phase 1
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components with
the motorcycle at a standstill.
The ABS warning light
flashes.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Phase 2
Test of the wheel sensors as
the motorcycle pulls away from
rest.
The ABS warning light
flashes.
Riding
5
z
ABS self-diagnosis
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS performs self-diagnosis to ensure its
operability. Self-diagnosis is performed automatically when you
switch on the ignition. The motorcycle has to move forward a
ABS self-diagnosis
completed
The ABS warning light goes
out.
If an indicator showing an ABS
fault appears when ABS self-diagnosis completes:
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that neither the ABS
function nor the integral braking function is available.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
ASC self-diagnosis
with Automatic Stability Control OE
BMW Motorrad ASC performs
self-diagnosis to ensure its operability. Self-diagnosis is performed automatically when you
switch on the ignition.
Phase 1
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components with
the motorcycle at a standstill.
The ASC symbol slowflashes.
ASC self-diagnosis
completed
The ASC symbol no longer
shows.
If an indicator showing an ASC
fault appears when ASC selfdiagnosis completes:
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that the ASC function
is not available.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Running in
The first 1000 km
While running in the motorcycle, vary the throttle opening
and engine-speed range frequently; avoid riding at constant
engine rpm for prolonged periods.
Try to do most of your riding during this initial period on
twisting, fairly hilly roads.
Comply with the rpm limits for
running in.
Running-in speeds
<5500 min-1 (Odometer
reading 0...200 km)
<6500 min-1 (Odometer
reading 200...400 km)
Running-in speeds
<7500 min-1 (Odometer
reading 400...600 km)
maximum engine rpm for
short bursts (Odometer reading 600...900 km)
Do not omit the first inspection
after 500 - 1200 km.
Brake pads
New brake pads have to bed
down before they can achieve
their optimum friction levels. You
can compensate for this initial reduction in braking efficiency by
exerting greater pressure on the
levers.
New brake pads can extend stopping distance by a
significant margin.
Apply the brakes in good time.
5
81
Riding
Phase 2
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components while
the motorcycle is on the move.
The motorcycle must reach a
speed of at least 5 km/h in order for ASC self-diagnosis to
complete.
The ASC symbol slowflashes.
z
5
Riding
82
z
Tyres
After off-roading
New tyres have a smooth surface. This must be roughened by
riding in a restrained manner at
various heel angles until the tyres
are run in. This running in procedure is essential if the tyres are
to achieve maximum grip.
BMW Motorrad recommends
checking the following after riding
the motorcycle off-road:
Tyre pressure
Tyres do not have their full
grip when new and there
is a risk of accidents at extreme
angles of heel.
Avoid extreme angles of heel.
Tyre pressures reduced for
off-road riding impair the
motorcycle's handling characteristics on surfaced roads and can
lead to accidents.
Always check that the tyre pressures are correct.
Off-roading
Brakes
For off-roading
topcase OA
with aluminium
It is advisable to either remove
the topcase or fit the backrest
cushion available as an optional
accessory from your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer if you intend off-roading.
When riding on loose surfaces or muddy roads, the
brakes may fail to take effect
immediately because of dirt or
moisture on the discs or brake
pads.
Apply the brakes in good time
until the brakes have been
cleaned.
The brake pads will wear
more rapidly if you ride frequently on unsurfaced tracks or
poor roads.
Check the thickness of the brake
pads more frequently and replace
the brake pads in good time.
Spring preload and shockabsorber settings
The off-road settings for
spring preload and shock
absorber damping characteristic
will impair the motorcycle's handling characteristics on surfaced
roads.
If you have been off-roading, remember to correct spring preload
and shock-absorber damping
characteristics before you return
to surfaced roads.
Rims
BMW Motorrad recommends
checking the rims for damage
after off-roading.
Brakes
How can stopping
distance be minimised?
Each time the brakes are applied,
a load distribution shift takes
place with the load shifting forward from the rear to the front
wheel. The sharper the motorcycle decelerates, the more load
is shifted to the front wheel. The
higher the wheel load, the more
braking force can be transmitted
without the wheel locking.
To optimise stopping distance,
apply the front brakes rapidly and
keep on increasing the force you
apply to the brake lever. This
makes the best possible use of
the dynamic increase in load at
the front wheel. Remember to
pull the clutch at the same time.
In the "panic braking situations"
that are trained so frequently
braking force is applied as rapidly as possible and with the
rider's full force exerted on the
brake levers; under these circumstances the dynamic shift in load
distribution cannot keep pace
with the increase in deceleration
and the tyres cannot transmit the
full braking force to the surface
of the road. Under these circumstances the front wheel can lock
up.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS prevents the front wheel from locking up.
Descending mountain
passes
5
There is a danger of the
brakes fading if you use
only the rear brakes when descending mountain passes. Under
extreme conditions, the brakes
could overheat and suffer severe
damage.
Use both front and rear brakes,
and make use of the engine's
braking effect as well.
83
Wet and dirty brakes
Wetness and dirt on the brake
discs and the brake pads diminish braking efficiency.
Delayed braking action or poor
braking efficiency must be
reckoned with in the following
situations:
Riding in the rain or through
puddles of water.
After the motorcycle has been
washed.
Riding
Air filter element
BMW Motorrad recommends
cleaning the air filter element
after lengthy rides in very dusty
terrain.
z
5
Riding
84
z
Riding on salted or gritted
roads.
After work has been carried on
the brakes, due to traces of oil
or grease.
Riding on dirt-covered surfaces
or off-road.
Wetness and dirt result in
poor braking efficiency.
Apply the brakes lightly while
riding to remove wetness and
dirt, or dismount and clean the
brakes.
Think ahead and brake in good
time until full braking efficiency is
restored.
Parking your
motorcycle
Side stand
Switch off the engine.
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guaran-
tee that the motorcycle will rest
firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Extend the side stand and
prop the motorcycle on the
stand.
The side stand is designed
to support only the weight
of the motorcycle.
Do not lean or sit on the
motorcycle with the side stand
extended.
If the camber of the roadway
permits, turn the handlebars all
the way to the left.
On a gradient, the motorcycle
should always face uphill; select 1st gear.
Centre stand
Switch off the engine.
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee that the motorcycle will rest
firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Excessive movements
could cause the centre
stand to retract, and the
motorcycle would topple in
consequence.
Do not lean or sit on the motorcycle with the centre stand
extended.
Extend the centre stand and
lift the motorcycle onto the
stand.
Refuelling
Fuel is highly flammable. A
naked flame close to the
fuel tank can cause a fire or explosion.
Fuel attacks plastics, which
become dull or unsightly.
Wipe off plastic parts immediately
if they come into contact with
fuel.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Open the protective cap.
Fuel expands when hot.
Fuel escaping from an
overfilled tank could make its way
onto the road surface. This could
cause a fall.
Do not overfill the fuel tank.
Leaded fuel will destroy the
catalytic converter.
Use only unleaded fuel.
Use the ignition key to unlock
the fuel filler cap and pop the
cap open.
Refuel with fuel of the grade
stated below; do not fill the
tank past the bottom edge of
the filler neck.
When refuelling after running on reserve, make sure
that you top up the tank to a
level above reserve, as otherwise the sensor will not be able
to register the new level. If the
sensor cannot register the new
level neither the fuel-level reading nor the range readout can be
updated.
Recommended fuel
grade
Premium plus unleaded
98 ROZ/RON
91 AKI
Premium unleaded (slight
power- and consumptionrelated restrictions)
95 ROZ/RON
89 AKI
with regular unleaded (RON
91) OE
5
85
Riding
Do not smoke. Never bring a
naked flame near the fuel tank.
z
5
Riding
86
z
Recommended fuel
grade
Regular unleaded (powerand consumption-related
restrictions)
91 ROZ/RON
87 AKI
Usable fuel capacity
Secure the motorcycle
for transportation
Make sure that all components
that might come into contact
with straps used to secure the
motorcycle are adequately protected against scratching. Use
adhesive tape or soft cloths, for
example, for this purpose.
approx. 33 l
Risk of damaging components.
Take care not to trap
components such as brake lines
or wires.
Reserve fuel
approx. 4 l
Press the fuel tank cap down
firmly to close.
Remove the key and close the
protective cap.
position: do not place it on the
side stand or centre stand.
The motorcycle can topple
and fall on its side.
Make sure that the motorcycle
cannot topple sideways.
Push the motorcycle onto the
transportation flat and hold it in
At the front, secure the straps
to the handlebars on both
sides.
Pass the straps through the
leading link and tighten the
straps.
5
At the rear, secure the straps
to the rear footrests on both
sides and tighten the straps.
Tighten all the straps uniformly;
the motorcycle's suspension
should be compressed as
tightly as possible front and
rear.
Riding
87
z
Riding
5
88
z
Engineering details
Engineering details
Brake system with BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
6
89
Tyre pressure monitoring RDC . . . . . 94
Electronic Suspension Adjustment
ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Engineering details
Electronic engine management with
BMW Motorrad ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
z
6
90
Brake system with
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS
Engineering details
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
z
Partially integral brakes
Your motorcycle is equipped with
partially integral brakes. Both
front and rear brakes are applied
when you pull the handbrake
lever. The footbrake lever acts
only on the rear brake.
While the brakes are slowing the
motorcycle with ABS actively intervening, the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS adapts braking-force
distribution between front and
rear brakes to suit the load on
the motorcycle.
The integral braking function makes it very difficult
to spin the rear wheel by opening
the throttle with the front brake
applied to keep the motorcycle
stationary (burn-out). Attempted
burn-outs can result in damage
to the rear brake and the clutch.
Do not attempt burn-outs.
How does ABS work?
The amount of braking force that
can be transferred to the road
depends on factors hat include
the coefficient of friction of the
road surface. Loose stones, ice
and snow or a wet road all have
much lower coefficients of friction than a clean, dry asphalt surface. The lower the coefficient
of friction, the longer the braking
distance.
If the rider increases braking
pressure to the extent that braking force exceeds the maximum transferrable limit, the wheels
start to lock and the motorcycle
loses its directional stability; a fall
is imminent. Before this situation
can occur, ABS intervenes and
adapts braking pressure to the
maximum transferrable braking
force, so the wheels continue
to turn and directional stability
is maintained irrespective of the
condition of the road surface.
What are the effects of
surface irregularities?
Humps and surface irregularities can cause the wheels to
lose contact temporarily with the
road surface; if this happens the
braking force that can be transmitted to the road can drop to
zero. If the brakes are applied
under these circumstances the
ABS has to reduce braking force
to ensure that directional stability is maintained when the
wheels regain contact with the
road surface. At this instant the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
must assume an extremely low
coefficient of friction, so that the
wheels will continue to rotate under all imaginable circumstances,
What feedback does the
rider receive from the
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS?
If the ABS system has to reduce
braking force on account of the
circumstances described above,
vibration is perceptible through
the handbrake lever.
When the handbrake lever is
pulled, brake pressure is also
built up at the rear wheel by
the integral function. If the
brake pedal is depressed after
the handbrake lever is pulled,
the brake pressure built up
beforehand is perceptible as
counter-pressure sooner than is
the case when the brake pedal is
depressed either before or at the
same time as the brake lever is
pulled.
Rear wheel lift
Under very severe and sudden
deceleration, however, under certain circumstances it is possible
that the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS will be unable to prevent
the rear wheel from lifting clear
of the ground. If this happens
the outcome can be a highsiding
situation in which the motorcycle
can flip over.
Severe braking can cause
the rear wheel to lift off the
ground.
When you brake, bear in mind
that ABS control cannot be relied
on in all circumstances to prevent
the rear wheel from lifting clear of
the ground.
What is the design
baseline for BMW
Motorrad Integral ABS?
Within the limits imposed by
physics, the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS ensures directional
stability on any surface. The system is not optimised for special
requirements that apply under
extreme competitive situations
off-road or on the track.
Special situations
The speeds of the front and rear
wheels are compared as one
means of detecting a wheel's
incipient tendency to lock. If the
system registers implausible values for a lengthy period the ABS
function is deactivated for safety
reasons and an ABS fault message is issued. Self-diagnosis has to complete before fault
messages can be issued.
In addition to problems with the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS,
6
91
Engineering details
because this is the precondition
for ensuring directional stability.
As soon as is registers the actual circumstances, the system
reacts instantly and adjusts braking force accordingly to achieve
optimum braking.
z
6
Engineering details
92
z
exceptional riding conditions can
lead to a fault message being
issued.
Exceptional riding
conditions:
Heating up with the motorcycle
on the centre stand or an auxiliary stand, engine idling or with
a gear engaged.
Rear wheel locked by the engine brake for a lengthy period,
for example while descending
on a loose or slippery surface.
If a fault message is issued on
account of exceptional riding
conditions as outlined above, you
can reactivate the ABS function
by switching the ignition off and
on again.
What significance
devolves on regular
maintenance?
momentum take over and even
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
unable to counteract their effects.
Invariably, a technical system cannot perform beyond
the abilities dictated by its level
of maintenance.
In order to ensure that the BMW
Motorrad Integral ABS is always
maintained in optimum condition,
it is essential for you to comply
strictly with the specified inspection intervals.
Electronic engine
management with BMW
Motorrad ASC
Reserves for safety
The potentially shorter braking
distances which BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS permits must not be
used as an excuse for careless
riding. ABS is primarily a means
of ensuring a safety margin in
genuine emergencies.
Take care when cornering. When
you apply the brakes on a corner,
the motorcycle's weight and
with Automatic Stability Control OE
How does ASC work?
The BMW Motorrad ASC compares the speed of rotation of the
front wheel and the rear wheel.
The differential is used to compute slip as a measure of the
reserves of stability available at
the rear wheel. If slip exceeds a
certain limit the electronic engine
management system intervenes,
adapting engine torque accordingly.
BMW Motorrad ASC is designed
as an assistant system for the
rider and for use on public roads.
The extent to which the rider affects ASC control can be considerable (weight shifts when cornering, items of luggage loose on
the motorcycle), especially when
style of riding takes rider and machine close to the limits imposed
by physics.
The off-road mode can be activated for off-roading. This mode
delays ASC intervention slightly
in order to permit controlled drifting.
The system is not optimised for
special requirements that apply
under extreme competitive situations off-road or on the track.
You have the option of deactivating the BMW Motorrad ASC
system for these circumstances.
Even ASC is constrained by
the laws of physics. Invariably, the rider bears responsibility for assessing road and traffic
conditions and adopting his or
her style of riding accordingly.
Do not take risks that would negate the additional safety offered
by this system.
Special situations
In accordance with the laws of
physics, the ability to accelerate
is restricted more and more as
the angle of heel increases. Consequently, there can be a perceptible lag in acceleration out of
very tight bends.
The speeds of the front and
rear wheels are compared as
one means of detecting the rear
wheel's incipient tendency to
spin or slip sideways. If the system registers implausible values
for a lengthy period the ASC
function is deactivated for safety
reasons and an ASC fault message is issued. Self-diagnosis has to complete before fault
messages can be issued.
The BMW Motorrad ASC can
shut down automatically under
the exceptional riding conditions
outlined below.
Exceptional riding
conditions:
Riding for a lengthy period with
the front wheel lifted off the
ground (wheelie) and ASC deactivated.
Rear wheel rotating with the
motorcycle held stationary by
applying the front brake (burnout).
Heating up with the motorcycle
on the centre stand or an auxiliary stand, engine idling or with
a gear engaged.
6
93
Engineering details
What is the design
baseline for BMW
Motorrad ASC?
z
6
Engineering details
94
z
Accelerating the motorcycle to
a speed in excess of 10 km/h
after switching the ignition off
and then on again reactivates the
ASC.
Slip can be increased by
very-heavy-duty massive-bar
tyres, with the result that ASC
intervention occurs before
optimum forward acceleration
is achieved. Under these
circumstances, BMW Motorrad
ASC should be deactivated.
If the front wheel lifts clear of the
ground under severe acceleration, the ASC reduces engine
torque until the front wheel regains contact with the ground.
Under these circumstances,
BMW Motorrad recommends
rolling the throttle slightly closed
so as to restore stability with the
least possible delay.
When riding on a slippery surface, never snap the throttle
twistgrip fully closed without
pulling the clutch at the same
time. Engine braking torque can
cause the rear wheel to lock, with
a corresponding loss of stability.
The BMW Motorrad ASC is unable to control a situation of this
nature.
Tyre pressure
monitoring RDC
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
Function
A sensor integrated into each
tyre measures the air temperature and the air pressure inside
the tyre and transmits this information to the control unit.
Each sensor has a centrifugalforce tripswitch that does not
enable transmission of the measured values until the motorcycle
has accelerated to above approximately 30 km/h for the first time.
The display shows -- for each
tyre until the tyre-pressure signal
is received for the first time. The
sensors continue to transmit the
measured-value signals for approximately 15 minutes after the
motorcycle comes to a stop.
The control unit can administrate four sensors, so two different sets of wheels with RDC
sensors can be alternated on
the motorcycle. An error message is issued if wheels without
sensors are fitted to a motorcycle
equipped with an RDC control
unit.
Tyre-pressure ranges
The RDC control unit differentiates between three tyre-pressure
ranges, all of which are parameterised for the motorcycle:
A warning is also issued if tyre
pressure drops sharply but stays
within the permitted tolerance.
Temperature
compensation
Tyre pressure is a temperaturesensitive variable: pressure increases as tyre temperature rises
and decreases as tyre temperature drops. Tyre temperature
depends on ambient temperature, on the style of riding and the
duration of the ride.
The tyre-pressure readings
shown by the multifunction
display are temperaturecompensated; the reference tyre
temperature for these readings
is always 20 °C. The air lines
available to the public in petrol
stations and motorway service
areas have gauges that do not
compensate for temperature; the
reading shown by a gauge of
this nature is the temperaturedependent tyre pressure. In
most instances, therefore, these
gauge readings will not tally with
the pressures shown by the
multifunction display.
Pressure adaptation
Compare the RDC readings
on the multifunction display
with the value in the table on
the inside cover of the Rider's
Manual. Then use the air line to
compensate for the difference
between the RDC reading and
the value in the table.
Example: According to the Rider's Manual, tyre pressure should
be 2.5 bar, but the reading in the
multifunction display is 2.3 bar,
so pressure is low by 0.2 bar.
The gauge on the air line shows
2.4 bar. You must now increase
tyre pressure by the 0.2 bar difference between the value in the
table and the RDC reading; when
the air-line gauge shows 2.6 bar,
the tyre is inflated to the correct
pressure.
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment ESA
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Adjuster, spring preload
In order to ensure rapid adjustment at ambient temperatures
below 0 °C, BMW Motorrad recommends adjusting the suspension to the setting for two-up
riding and allowing adjustment to
6
95
Engineering details
Tyre pressure within permitted
tolerance.
Tyre pressure close to limit of
permitted tolerance.
Tyre pressure outside permitted tolerance.
z
6
Engineering details
96
z
complete before your passenger
mounts the motorcycle.
The ESA indicator continues
to flash until adjustment completes. Do not attempt to move
the motorcycle until adjustment
has completed.
Off-road settings
The Enduro ESA developed specially for the R 1200 GS incorporates the road-riding modes
from other BMW models, plus
special off-roading modes enabled by electro-hydraulic basic
spring adjustment of the front
spring strut. This convenient system of adjusting the suspension
to suit very widely differing surfaces enhances the motorcycle's
touring and off-roading capabilities.
In this mode, the spring
preload of the front spring
strut is increased to about 50 %.
The rear spring base setting adjusts to the same position. This
setting is suitable for off-roading
in terrain in which large bumps or
holes in the ground are unlikely
to be encountered.
This setting brings spring
preload of both front and
rear spring struts up to maximum. It can be used, for example,
in terrain where the likelihood of
having to negotiate bumps and
holes in the ground necessitates maximum protection against
the suspension bottoming out.
Ground clearance in this mode is
more than in the "one-up" roadriding mode.
Not every ESA setting is suitable
for every surface. Try out the
various combinations of spring
preload and damping until you
find the settings that are best
suited to your style of riding and
the surface.
Accessories
Accessories
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Power sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
7
97
Topcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Accessories
Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
z
7
Accessories
98
z
General instructions
BMW Motorrad recommends
the use of parts and accessories
for your motorcycle that are approved by BMW for this purpose.
Genuine BMW parts and accessories and other products
which BMW has approved can
be obtained from your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer, together
with expert advice on their installation and use.
These parts and products have
been tested by BMW for safety,
function and suitability. BMW
accepts product liability for them.
Conversely, BMW is unable to
accept any liability whatsoever
for parts and accessories which it
has not approved.
Also bear in mind the information on the effect of wheel size
on suspension-control systems
( 117).
BMW Motorrad cannot
assess each non-BMW
product to determine whether it can be used on or in connection with BMW motorcycles
without constituting a safety hazard. Country-specific official authorisation does not suffice as
assurance. Tests conducted by
these instances cannot make
provision for all operating conditions experienced by BMW motorcycles and, consequently, they
are not sufficient in some circumstances.
Use only parts and accessories approved by BMW for your
motorcycle.
Whenever you are planning
modifications, comply with all the
legal requirements. Make sure
that the motorcycle does not
infringe the national road-vehicle
construction and use regulations
applicable in your country.
Power sockets
Notes on use of power sockets:
automatic shutdown
Power sockets are shut down
automatically under the following
circumstances:
If battery charge state is too
low to maintain the motorcycle's start capability
If maximum load capability as
stated in the technical data is
exceeded
When the engine is being
cranked on the starter
with extra socket OA
If more than one socket is used,
total current must not exceed the
maximum load capability.
Operating electrical
accessories
You can start using electrical accessories only when the ignition
is switched on. The accessory
Cable routing
The cables from the power sockets to the auxiliary devices must
be routed in such a way that
they:
Do not impede the rider
Do not restrict the steering
angle or obstruct handling
Cannot be trapped
Case
with aluminium case OA
Aluminium rubbings
It is advisable to stow sensitive items of luggage in a bag,
in order to prevent them from
becoming marked by rubbing
against the aluminium. BMW
Motorrad offers a "watertight
bag" as an optional accessory
for use with aluminium cases and
the aluminium topcase. You can
obtain additional information from
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Opening cases
99
Set of carry handles
Your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer can supply a "set of
carry handles" as an optional accessory to make the cases and
topcase easier to carry.
These optional accessories also
make good lashing points for
items of luggage and the "watertight bag" optional accessory
on cases and topcase.
7
Turn key 1 in the case lock to
the vertical position.
You can open the lid of the
case at either catch.
Accessories
remains operational if the ignition is subsequently switched off.
The power sockets are switched
off approximately 15 after the ignition is switched off, in order to
prevent overloading of the onboard electrics.
z
Closing cases
7
Accessories
100
z
Pull catch 2 up as far as it will
go, while pressing down on the
case lid.
Lift the lid of the case.
Push case lid and catch 2
down, engaging the catch hook
in the case lid.
The catch engages with an
audible click.
Turn key 1 clockwise and remove.
Removing case lid
Open the lid.
Disengage retainer 1.
Remove the cases
Allow the case and the case carrier to cool down before removing the case.
Push catch 2 in as far as it will
go, while holding the case.
Pull the case forward as far
as it will go and then out to
remove.
Installing case lid
Place the case lid on the case.
Close one of the catches.
Open the lid.
Installing cases
Turn key 1 counter-clockwise
in the case lock.
7
101
Accessories
Close the case lid.
Open the second catch of the
case lid.
Remove the case lid.
z
Engage retainer 1.
Close the case lid.
The left case and the case
carrier can become hot on
long rides.
Position the case on the bottom rail of the case carrier in
such a way that hooks 4 are in
front of mounts 3.
7
Accessories
102
z
Opening topcase
Pivot the case against the
top rail, push it back into the
mounts and hold it in position.
Turn key 1 in the case lock
to the vertical position and remove the key.
Press catch 2 out as far as it
will go.
Turn key 1 to the vertical position.
Topcase
with aluminium topcase OA
Topcase and off-roading
It is advisable to either remove
the topcase or fit the backrest
cushion available as an optional
accessory if you intend off-roading.
Pull catch 2 up as far as it will
go, while pressing down on the
topcase lid.
Open the topcase lid.
7
Close the topcase
Turn key 1 to the horizontal
position and remove.
Press catch 2 down as far as it
will go.
Removing topcase
z
Push topcase lid and catch 2
down, engaging the catch hook
in the topcase lid.
The catch engages with an
audible click.
Turn key 1 to the vertical position.
Accessories
103
Close the topcase lid.
Pull the topcase back as far as
it will go and then lift it up to
remove.
7
Installing topcase
to push the motorcycle forward
off its centre stand.
Accessories
104
z
Position the topcase on the
topcase mount in such a way
that hooks 3 are just behind
rails 4.
Press the topcase down until
it is seated flat on the topcase
carrier.
Push the topcase forward as
far as it will go, taking care not
Push latch 2 up until it engages.
Turn key 1 to the horizontal
position and remove.
The topcase mount can be installed on the luggage carrier or
instead of the rear seat.
Repositioning topcase
mount
7
105
Install the topcase mounts at
the desired angle in holes 1.
The luggage carrier has two sets
of holes, one above the other, at
locations 1. The topcase mount
can be tilted forward or back by
using holes at different heights
front and back. This enables the
topcase to be used as a backrest
in combination with the topcase
cushion available as an optional
accessory.
Remove screws 2 on left and
right.
Remove the rear seat ( 72).
Accessories
Adjustable topcase mount
z
Accessories
7
106
z
Maintenance
Maintenance
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
8
107
Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Rims and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Maintenance
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
z
8
Maintenance
108
z
General instructions
Toolkit
The "Maintenance" chapter describes straightforward procedures for checking and replacing
certain wear parts.
Special tightening torques are listed as applicable. The tightening
torques for the threaded fasteners on your motorcycle are listed
in the section entitled "Technical
data".
You will find information on more
extensive maintenance and repair
work in the Repair Manual on
DVD for your motorcycle, which
is available from your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
Standard toolkit
Some of the work calls for special tools and a thorough knowledge of motorcycle technology.
If you are in doubt consult a specialist workshop, preferably your
authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
4
5
Open-ended spanner
Width across flats 8/10
Removing battery
( 138).
Tool for oil cap
Top up the engine oil
( 110).
Tools for adjusting
suspension settings
1
2
3
Torx wrenches T15, T25,
T30
Removing body panels
Reversible-blade screwdriver with star-head and
plain tips
Replacing turn indicator bulbs, front and rear
( 128).
Open-ended spanner
Width across flats 14
Adjust the mirror arm
( 65).
without Electronic Suspension
Adjustment (ESA) OE
1
Extension for hook wrench
3
Hook wrench
Adjusting spring preload
for front wheel ( 66).
Extension for screwdriver
blade
Adjusting damping for
rear wheel ( 68).
Tools service set
BMW Motorrad has assembled
a tools service set that is ideal
for carrying out extended service
work (e.g. removing and installing
wheels) on this motorcycle. You
can obtain the tools set from
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Wait five minutes for the oil to
drain into the oil pan.
8
109
Engine oil
Checking engine oil level
The oil level varies with the
temperature of the oil. The
higher the temperature, the higher the level of oil in the sump.
Checking the oil level with the
engine cold or after no more than
a short ride will lead to misinterpretation; this in turn, means that
the engine will be operated with
the incorrect quantity of oil.
In order to ensure that the engine oil level is read correctly,
check the oil level only after a
lengthy trip.
Switch off the engine when it is
at operating temperature.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Check the oil level in oil-level
indicator 1.
Maintenance
2
z
Top up the engine oil
8
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
110
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
Top up the engine oil to the
specified level.
Maintenance
Engine oil, quantity for
topping up
z
max 0.5 l (Difference
between MIN and MAX)
Checking engine oil level
( 109).
Install the cap of the oil filler
neck.
Engine oil, specified level
Between MIN and MAX
marks
If the oil level is below the MIN
mark:
Top up the engine oil ( 110).
If the oil level is above the MAX
mark:
Have the oil level corrected
by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Wipe the area around the filler
neck clean.
Use the tool from the toolkit to
remove cap 1 from the engineoil filler neck.
Damage to the engine
can result if it is operated
without enough oil, but the same
also applies if the oil level is too
high.
Brake system
Check operation of the
brakes
Pull the handbrake lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
Press the footbrake lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
8
Incorrect working practices
endanger the reliability of
the brakes.
Have all work on the brake system undertaken by trained and
qualified specialists.
111
Have the brakes checked by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Check the front brake pad
thickness
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Visually inspect the left and
right brake pads to ascertain
their thickness. Viewing direction: Between wheel and front
suspension toward brake calliper 1.
Brake-pad wear limit,
front
1.0 mm (Friction pad only,
without backing plate. The
wear indicators (grooves)
must be clearly visible.)
If the wear indicating marks are
no longer clearly visible:
Brake pads worn past the
minimum permissible thickness can cause a reduction in
braking efficiency and under
certain circumstances they can
cause damage to the brake system.
Maintenance
If pressure points are not clearly
perceptible:
z
8
Maintenance
112
z
In order to ensure the dependability of the brake system, do not
permit the brake pads to wear
past the minimum permissible
thickness.
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Checking rear brake pad
thickness
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Visually inspect the brake pads
to ascertain their thickness.
Viewing direction: from the left
toward brake caliper 1.
Brake-pad wear limit, rear
1.0 mm (Friction pad only,
without backing plate. Make
sure that the brake disc is
not visible through the bore
in the inboard brake block.)
If the brake disc is visible:
Brake pads worn past the
minimum permissible thickness can cause a reduction in
braking efficiency and under
certain circumstances they can
cause damage to the brake system.
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Brake-pad wear
The rear brake has a brake-pad
wear indicator.
Shaft 1 with three marker rings 2
is between the brake pads.
How to interpret the marks:
Three rings visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 75 %
Two rings visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 50 %
One ring visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 25 %
No rings visible: brake pads
worn to wear limit; check as
described above
Check the brake-fluid
level, front brakes
8
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check the brake-fluid level at
regular intervals.
113
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Move the handlebars to the
straight-ahead position.
Maintenance
In order to ensure the dependability of the brake system, do not
permit the brake pads to wear
past the minimum permissible
thickness.
z
Replacing screen insert
8
Maintenance
114
z
Check the brake fluid level in
front reservoir 1.
Wear of the brake pads
causes the brake fluid level
in the reservoir to sink.
Brake fluid level, front
DOT4 brake fluid
Do not permit the brake fluid
level to drop below the MIN
mark. (Brake-fluid reservoir
horizontal, motorcycle upright)
If the brake fluid level drops below the permitted level:
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Possible loss of stopping
power at front brake.
The screen insert in the front
brake-fluid reservoir always has
to be replaced on completion of
work that affects the level of fluid
in the front braking circuit (for
example replacing brake pads or
changing brake fluid). Consult a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
8
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check the brake-fluid level at
regular intervals.
115
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Check the brake fluid level in
rear reservoir 1.
Wear of the brake pads
causes the brake fluid level
in the reservoir to sink.
Brake fluid level, rear
DOT4 brake fluid
Do not permit the brake fluid
level to drop below the MIN
mark. (Brake-fluid reservoir
horizontal, motorcycle upright)
If the brake fluid level drops below the permitted level:
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Maintenance
Check the brake-fluid
level, rear brakes
z
Clutch
If the clutch-fluid level drops:
Checking clutch operation
116
Pull the clutch lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
If the pressure point is not clearly
perceptible:
Have the clutch checked by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Unsuitable hydraulic fluids
could cause damage to the
clutch system.
Do not attempt to top up the
system with fluids of any kind.
Maintenance
8
z
Checking clutch fluid level
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Move the handlebars to the
straight-ahead position.
Check the clutch fluid level in
reservoir 1.
Wear of the clutch causes
the fluid level in the clutch
fluid reservoir to rise.
Clutch-fluid level (visual
inspection)
It is impermissible for the
clutch fluid level to drop.
(Motorcycle upright and
handlebars in straight-ahead
position)
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Rims and tyres
Check the tyre tread
depth
Your motorcycle's handling
and grip can be impaired
even before the tyres wear to
the minimum tyre tread depth
permitted by law.
Have the tyres changed in good
time before they wear to the
minimum permissible tread
depth.
Tyres have wear indicators
integrated into the main
tread grooves. The tyre is worn
out when the tyre tread has worn
down to the level of the marks.
The locations of the marks are
indicated on the edge of the tyre,
e.g. by the letters TI, TWI or by
an arrow.
If the tyre tread is worn to minimum:
Replace tyre or tyres, as applicable.
Checking rims
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Visually inspect the rims for
defects.
Have damaged rims checked
and, if necessary, replaced by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Checking spokes
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Draw the handle of a screwdriver or a similar instrument
across the spokes and listen
to the notes of the individual
spokes.
If the notes vary:
Have the spokes checked by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Wheels
Tyre recommendation
For each size of tyre BMW
Motorrad tests and classifies
as roadworthy certain makes.
BMW Motorrad cannot assess
the suitability or provide any
guarantee of road safety for other
tyres.
BMW Motorrad recommends
using only tyres tested by BMW
Motorrad.
You can obtain detailed information from your authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer or on the Internet at www.bmw-motorrad.com.
Effect of wheel size
on suspension-control
systems
Wheel size is very important as
a parameter for the suspensioncontrol systems ABS and ASC.
In particular, the diameter and the
width of a motorcycle's wheels
8
117
Maintenance
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Measure the tyre tread depth
in the main tread grooves with
wear marks.
z
8
Maintenance
118
z
are programmed into the control
unit and are fundamental to all
calculations. Any change in these
influencing variables, caused for
example by a switch to wheels
other than those installed exworks, can have serious effects
on the performance of the control systems.
The sensor rings are essential
for correct road-speed calculation, and they too must match
the motorcycle's control systems and consequently cannot
be changed.
If you decide that you would like
to fit non-standard wheels to
your motorcycle, it is very important to consult a specialist workshop beforehand, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad dealer. In some cases, the data programmed into the control units
can be changed to suit the new
wheel sizes.
RDC label
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
care not to damage the RDC
sensor. Be sure to draw the
attention of the authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer or specialist
workshop to the fact that the
wheel is fitted with an RDC
sensor.
Remove the front wheel
Incorrect tyre-removal procedures can result in damage to the RDC sensors.
Be sure to notify the authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer or specialist workshop that the wheel is
fitted with an RDC sensor.
If the motorcycle is equipped
with RDC, each wheel rim bears
an adhesive label indicating the
position of the RDC sensor.
When changing the tyre, take
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
Unclip the two retaining clips 1
holding the ABS sensor cable
to the brake line.
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is
a risk of the brake pads being
pressed together to the extent
that they cannot be slipped back
over the brake disc on reassembly.
Do not operate the handbrake
lever when the brake calipers
have been removed.
Remove securing screws 2 of
the left and right brake calipers.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
8
119
Force the brake pads 3 slightly
apart by rocking brake calliper 4 back and forth against
brake disc 5.
Carefully pull the brake calipers
back and out until clear of the
brake discs.
Remove screw 1 and remove
the ABS sensor from its bore.
Raise front of motorcycle until
the front wheel can turn freely.
BMW Motorrad recommends
the BMW Motorrad front-wheel
stand for lifting the motorcycle.
Install the front-wheel stand
( 123).
Maintenance
Mask off the parts of the wheel
rim that could be scratched in
the process of removing the
brake calipers.
z
Always have the security of the
fasteners checked by a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
8
Maintenance
120
z
Release axle clamping screw 2.
Remove quick-release axle 3,
while supporting the wheel.
Roll the front wheel forward to
remove.
Remove spacing bushing 4
from the front-wheel hub.
Installing front wheel
Possible malfunctions when
ABS and ASC systems intervene if non-standard wheels
are installed.
See the information on the effect
of wheel size on the ABS and
ASC systems at the start of this
chapter.
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Install spacing bushing 4 in the
wheel hub.
The front wheel must be
installed right way round to
rotate in the correct direction.
Note the direction-of-rotation arrows on the tyre or the wheel
rim.
Roll the front wheel into position between the front forks.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
8
Raise the front wheel, insert
quick-release axle 3 and tighten to specified torque.
Quick-release axle in axle
holder
50 Nm
Tighten axle clamping screw 2
to the specified torque.
Clamp screw of quickrelease axle
19 Nm
Insert the ABS sensor into its
bore and install screw 1.
Remove the front-wheel stand.
Ease the brake calipers on to
the brake discs.
Install securing screws 2 on
left and right and tighten to
specified tightening torque.
Brake caliper to slider
tube
30 Nm
Remove the adhesive tape
from the wheel rim.
Braking efficiency is impaired if the brake pads are
not correctly bedded against the
discs.
Before riding off, always check
that the brakes bite as soon as
Maintenance
121
z
8
Maintenance
122
the brake lever is pulled or the
brake pedal depressed.
Operate the brake several
times until the brake pads are
bedded.
with BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS II OE
The cable of the wheelspeed sensor could chafe
through if it comes into contact
with the brake disc.
Make sure that the sensor
cable is routed correctly.
Make sure that the sensor
cable is routed as shown
here.
Remove the rear wheel
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Engage first gear.
z
Clip on retaining clips 1 holding
the sensor cable to the brake
line.
Check that the sensor cable is
held securely at clip 3; if necessary clip the cable into the
clip.
Parts of the exhaust system
can be hot.
Do not touch hot parts of the
exhaust system.
Remove studs 1 from the rear
wheel, while supporting the
wheel.
Lower the rear wheel to the
ground and roll it out to the
rear.
Installing rear wheel
Possible malfunctions when
ABS and ASC systems intervene if non-standard wheels
are installed.
Front-wheel stand
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the security of the
fasteners checked by a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
The BMW Motorrad front
wheel stand is not designed
to support motorcycles not fitted
with a centre stand or without
other auxiliary stands. A motorcycle resting only on the front
wheel stand and the rear wheel
can topple.
Place the motorcycle on its
centre stand or another auxiliary
stand before lifting the front
wheel with the BMW Motorrad
front-wheel stand.
Seat the rear wheel on the
rear-wheel adapter.
Install the front-wheel
stand
Install wheel studs 1 and tighten to specified torque.
Rear wheel to wheel carrier
Tightening sequence: tighten in diagonally opposite sequence
60 Nm
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Use basic stand (0 402 241)
with front-wheel adapter
(0 402 242).
8
123
Maintenance
See the information on the effect
of wheel size on the ABS and
ASC systems at the start of this
chapter.
z
8
Maintenance
124
z
Slacken adjusting screws 1.
Push the two adapters 2 apart
until the front forks fit between
them.
Use locating pins 3 to set the
front-wheel stand to the desired height.
Centre the front-wheel stand
relative to the front wheel and
push it against the front axle.
Align the two adapters 2 so
that the front forks are securely
seated.
Tighten adjusting screws 1.
If the motorcycle is on the
centre stand and is raised
too far, the centre stand will lift
clear of the ground and the motorcycle could topple to one side.
When raising the motorcycle,
make sure that the centre stand
remains on the ground.
Apply uniform pressure to push
the front-wheel stand down
and raise the motorcycle.
General instructions
A warning appears in the multifunction display if a bulb is defective. If the brake or rear light
fails, the symbol is accompanied by the 'General' warning light,
which lights up yellow.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
in the section entitled "Technical
data".
8
Replacing low-beam/highbeam headlight bulb
125
The plug arrangement and
the position of the spring
retainer might not be as illustrated here, depending on which
bulb is to be replaced.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Switch off the ignition.
Remove high-beam headlight
cover 1 or low-beam headlight
cover 2 by turning the cover
counter-clockwise.
The bulb is pressurised and
can cause injury if damaged.
Wear protective goggles and
gloves when changing bulbs.
The types of bulb fitted to
your motorcycle are listed
Disconnect plug 3.
Maintenance
Bulbs
z
8
Bulbs for the low-beam
headlight
126
Engage spring clip 4 in the
catch.
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Maintenance
Bulb for high-beam
headlight
z
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Disengage spring clip 4 and
swing it aside.
Remove bulb 5.
Install plug 3.
Replace the defective bulb.
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers.
Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the bulbs when handling them.
Dirt deposits, in particular oil and
grease, interfere with heat radiation from the bulb. This leads
to overheating and shortens the
bulb's operating life.
Install bulb 5, making sure that
tab 6 is correctly positioned.
The bulb might face in a
direction other than that
shown here.
Fit high-beam headlight cover 1 or low-beam headlight
cover 2 by turning the cover
clockwise. Make sure that the
wording TOP is at the top.
Bulb for parking light
Replacing parking-light
bulb
Pull the bulb out of the bulb
socket.
Replace the defective bulb.
Pull bulb carrier 1 out of the
headlight housing.
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers.
Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the bulbs when handling them.
Dirt deposits, in particular oil and
grease, interfere with heat radiation from the bulb. This leads
to overheating and shortens the
bulb's operating life.
127
Maintenance
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Switch off the ignition.
Turn the handlebars all the way
to the right
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
8
z
Install the bulb in the bulb
socket.
8
Maintenance
128
z
Install bulb carrier 1 in the
headlight housing.
Remove screw 1.
Replacing turn indicator
bulbs, front and rear
Turn bulb 2 counter-clockwise
and remove it from the bulb
housing.
Replace the defective bulb.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Pull the glass out of the reflector housing at the threadedfastener side.
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers.
Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the bulbs when handling them.
Dirt deposits, in particular oil and
grease, interfere with heat radiation from the bulb. This leads
to overheating and shortens the
bulb's operating life.
with auxiliary headlights OE
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
with LED turn indicators OE
LED / 12 V
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, rear
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
with LED turn indicators OE
Working from the inboard side,
insert the glass into the bulb
housing and close the housing.
LED / 12 V
The procedure described
below applies only to auxiliary headlights with halogen
bulbs. The LED auxiliary headlights can only be replaced as
complete units.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Install screw 1.
Turn bulb 2 clockwise to install
it in the bulb housing.
Disconnect plug 1.
Slacken screw 2.
8
129
Maintenance
Replacing auxiliaryheadlight bulbs
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, front
z
8
Pivot the headlight lens forward.
Replace the defective bulb.
Bulb for auxiliary headlight
130
H11 / 12 V / 55 W
Maintenance
with auxiliary headlights OA
z
LED / 12 V
Pull bulb housing 5 down until
it is clear of the holder.
Remove four screws 3.
Push bulb cover 4 down to
remove.
Insert bulb 6 into its socket
and turn it clockwise to install.
Turn bulb 6 counter-clockwise
to remove.
8
Push bulb housing 5 up into
the holder from below.
Tighten screw 2.
Connect plug 1.
Adjust the headlight so that
it does not dazzle oncoming
traffic.
Pull off side cover 1.
z
Replacing fuses for
auxiliary headlights
with auxiliary headlights OE
Disconnect plug 2.
Seat bulb cover 4 from below.
Install four screws 3.
Pivot the headlight lens back.
Maintenance
131
8
Fuse for auxiliary headlight
132
or
with auxiliary headlights OE
Maintenance
with auxiliary headlights OA
7.5 A
Install side cover 1.
To do so, squeeze retaining
clips 3 together on left and
right and disconnect the plug.
Air filter
Remove the air filter
z
Connect plug 2.
Replace fuse 4 for right headlight or fuse 5 for left headlight,
as applicable.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Remove the front seat ( 73).
8
Remove long screw 1 and
short screws 2 and remove
the cover.
Remove screw 3.
Pull the side cover at 4 and 5
to disengage it from the holders.
Remove two screws 6 and pull
the fuel-tank cover out of holder 7.
Push out both retainers 1 by
pressing at rear.
Pull the intake air pipe out of
holder 2 and remove.
Pull out air filter 3 at the bottom.
Installing air filter
Insert air filter 3 into the air filter housing at the top.
Maintenance
133
z
8
Maintenance
134
Push the air filter into the air
filter housing at the bottom,
making sure that the vanes are
not bent.
z
Cylinders not synchronised.
Make sure the throttle-valve
cable is correctly routed.
Position the air intake pipe on
the air filter housing and push it
into holder 2.
Push retainers 1 into the holders until they engage with an
audible click.
Seat the fuel-tank cover
in holder 7 and install two
screws 6.
Check that the throttle-valve
cable is seated in guide 4 of
the intake and that the throttle
valve is seated against the
stop.
Press the side cover at 4
and 5 to engage it in the
holders.
Install screw 3.
A short-circuit can result if the crocodile clips
of the jump leads are accidentally brought into contact with the
motorcycle.
Use only jump leads fitted with
fully insulated crocodile clips at
both ends.
Jump starting
The wires leading to the
power socket do not have
a load-capacity rating adequate
for jump-starting the engine. Excessively high current can lead
to a cable fire or damage to the
vehicle electronics.
Do not use the on-board socket
to jump-start the engine of the
motorcycle.
Jump-starting with a donorbattery voltage higher than
12 V can damage the vehicle
electronics.
Make sure that the battery of the
donor vehicle has a voltage rating
of 12 V.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Remove the front seat ( 73).
When jump-starting the engine,
do not disconnect the battery
from the on-board electrical
system.
135
Remove protective cap 1 from
the battery's positive terminal.
Begin by connecting one end
of the red jump lead to the
positive terminal of the discharged battery and the other
end to the positive terminal of
the donor battery (positive on
this vehicle: position 2).
Then connect one end of the
black jump lead to the negative terminal of the donor battery and the other end to the
negative terminal of the discharged battery (negative on
this vehicle: position 3).
Maintenance
Hold the cover in position and
install short screws 2 and long
screw 1.
Install the front seat ( 73).
8
z
8
Maintenance
136
z
The spring-strut screw can
be used as an alternative to
the battery's negative terminal.
Run the engine of the donor
vehicle during jump-starting.
Start the engine of the vehicle
with the discharged battery
in the usual way; if the engine does not start, wait a few
minutes before repeating the
attempt in order to protect the
starter motor and the donor
battery.
Allow both engines to idle for a
few minutes before disconnecting the jump leads.
Disconnect the jump lead from
the negative terminals first,
then disconnect the second
lead from the positive terminals.
Remember to reinstall the protective cap on the battery's
positive terminal.
Do not use proprietary
start-assist sprays or other products to start the engine.
Install the front seat (
73).
Battery
Maintenance instructions
Correct upkeep, recharging and
storage will prolong the life of
the battery and are essential if
warranty claims are to be considered.
Compliance with the points below is important in order to maximise battery life:
Keep the surface of the battery
clean and dry
Do not open the battery
Do not top up with water
Be sure to read and comply
with the instructions for charging the battery on the following pages
Do not turn the battery upside
down
If the battery is not disconnected, the on-board electronics (e.g. clock, etc.) gradually
drain the battery. This can cause
the battery to run flat. If this happens, warranty claims will not be
accepted.
If the motorcycle is to be out of
use for more than four weeks,
disconnect the battery or connect a suitable trickle charger to
the battery.
BMW Motorrad has developed a float charger specially designed for compatibility
with the electronics of your motorcycle. Using this charger, you
can keep the battery charged
during long periods of disuse,
without having to disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle's
on-board systems. You can obtain additional information from
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Charging the connected
battery directly at the battery terminals can damage the
vehicle electronics.
Always disconnect the battery
from the on-board circuits before recharging it with a charger
connected directly to the battery
posts.
If you switch on the ignition and the multifunction
display and telltale lights fail to
light up, the battery is completely
flat. Attempting to charge a completely flat battery via the onboard socket can cause damage
to the motorcycle's electronics.
If a battery has discharged to the
extent that it is completely flat, it
has to be disconnected from the
on-board circuits and charged
with the charger connected directly to the battery posts.
Only chargers suitable for
this mode of charging can
be used to recharge the battery
via the on-board socket. Unsuitable chargers could cause damage to the motorcycle's on-board
electrics.
Use BMW chargers with the
part numbers 71 60 7 688 864
(220 V) or, as applicable,
71 60 7 688 865 (110 V). If
you are in doubt, disconnect
the battery from the on-board
systems and connect the charger
directly to the battery.
Charge via the power socket, with the battery connected
to the motorcycle's on-board
electrical system.
The motorcycle's on-board
electronics know when the
battery is fully charged. The
on-board socket is switched off
when this happens.
Comply with the operating instructions of the charger.
8
If you are unable to charge
the battery through the onboard socket, you may be using
a charger that is not compatible
with your motorcycle's electronics. If this happens, disconnect
the battery from the on-board
systems and connect the charger
directly to the battery.
137
Charging battery when
disconnected
Charge the battery using a
suitable charger.
Comply with the operating instructions of the charger.
Once the battery is fully
charged, disconnect the
charger's terminal clips from
the battery terminals.
The battery has to be recharged at regular intervals
in the course of a lengthy period
Maintenance
Charge the battery when
connected
z
8
138
of disuse. See the instructions
for caring for your battery. Always fully recharge the battery
before restoring it to use
Lift the battery up and out;
work it slightly back and forth
if it is difficult to remove.
Installing battery
Maintenance
Removing battery
Remove the front seat ( 73).
Remove the rider's manual, if
applicable.
Disconnection in the wrong
sequence increases the risk
of short-circuits.
Always proceed in the correct
sequence.
z
Remove screw 1 and remove
the holder.
Switch off the ignition.
Disconnect negative battery
lead 1 first.
Then remove the protective
cap and disconnect positive
lead 2.
Remove screw 3 of the battery
retaining strap.
Disengage the retaining strap
at the bottom and remove.
Place the battery in the battery
compartment, positive terminal on the right in the forward
direction of travel.
Engage the battery retaining
strap at the bottom and push it
over the battery.
Install screw 3 of the battery
retaining strap.
Fully open the throttle once or
twice.
The engine management system registers the throttle-valve
positions.
Connect battery positive lead 2
first.
Connect battery negative
lead 1.
Switch on the ignition.
If the battery was disconnected from the motorcycle
for a prolonged period of time
it will be necessary to enter the
current date in the instrument
panel, in order to ensure that the
service-due indicator functions
correctly.
If you want to have the date set
consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
8
139
Maintenance
Installation in the wrong
sequence increases the risk
of short-circuits.
Always proceed in the correct
sequence.
Never install the battery without
the protective cap.
z
Hold the holder in position and
install screw 1.
Insert the rider's manual, if applicable.
Install the front seat (
Setting clock ( 48).
73).
Maintenance
8
140
z
Care
Care
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Washing motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
9
141
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Protective wax coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Laying up motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Restoring motorcycle to use . . . . . . . 144
Care
Cleaning easily damaged components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
z
9
Care
142
z
Care products
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use the cleaning and
care products you can obtain
from your authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer. The substances
in BMW CareProducts have been
tested in laboratories and in
practice; they provide optimised
care and protection for the
materials used in your vehicle.
The use of unsuitable
cleaning and care products
can damage vehicle components.
Do not use solvents such as cellulose thinners, cold cleaners,
fuel or the like, and do not use
cleaning products that contain
alcohol.
Washing motorcycle
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use BMW insect remover to soften and wash off
insects and stubborn dirt on
painted parts prior to washing
the motorcycle.
To prevent stains, do not wash
the motorcycle immediately after
it has been exposed to strong
sunlight and do not wash it in the
sun.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is washed frequently, especially
during the winter months.
To remove road salt, clean the
motorcycle with cold water immediately after every trip.
After the motorcycle has
been washed, ridden
through water or ridden in
the rain, the brake discs and
pads might be wet and the
brakes might not take effect
immediately.
Apply the brakes in good time
until the brake discs and brake
pads have dried out.
Warm water intensifies the
effect of salt.
Use only cold water to wash off
road salt.
The high pressure of steam
cleaners can damage seals,
the hydraulic brake system, the
electrical system, and the seat.
Do not use a steam jet or highpressure cleaning equipment.
Cleaning easily
damaged components
Body panels
Clean the trim panels with water
and BMW plastic care emulsion.
If plastic parts are cleaned
using unsuitable cleaning
agents, the surfaces can be damaged.
Do not use cleaning agents that
contain alcohol, solvents or abrasives to clean plastic parts.
Soften stubborn dirt and
insects by covering the affected areas with a wet cloth.
Windscreen and headlight
lens plastic
Clean off dirt and insects with a
soft sponge and plenty of water.
Fuel and chemical solvents
attack the material of the
windscreen; the windscreen becomes opaque or dull.
Do not use cleaning agents.
Chrome
Use plenty of water and BMW
shampoo to clean chrome, particularly if it has been exposed to
road salt. Use chrome polish for
additional treatment.
Radiator
Paint care
Clean the radiator regularly to
prevent overheating of the engine due to inadequate cooling.
For example, use a garden hose
with low water pressure.
Washing the motorcycle regularly
will help counteract the long-term
effects of substances that damage the paint, especially if your
motorcycle is ridden in areas
with high air pollution or natural
sources of dirt, for example tree
resin or pollen.
Remove particularly aggressive
substances immediately, however, as otherwise the paint can
be affected or become discoloured. Substances of this nature
include spilt fuel, oil, grease,
brake fluid and bird droppings.
We recommend BMW vehicle
polish or BMW paint cleaner for
this purpose.
Marks on the paintwork are particularly easy to see after the
motorcycle has been washed.
Remove stains of this kind immediately, using cleaning-grade
benzene or petroleum spirit on a
clean cloth or ball of cotton wool.
Cooling fins can be bent
easily.
Take care not to bend the fins
when cleaning the radiator.
Rubber
Treat rubber components with
water or BMW rubber-care
products.
Using silicone sprays for
the care of rubber seals can
cause damage.
Do not use silicone sprays or
other care products that contain
silicon.
9
143
Care
Even fly-remover pads or cleaning pads with hard surfaces can
produce scratches.
z
9
144
BMW Motorrad recommends
BMW tar remover for removing
specks of tar. Remember to wax
the parts treated in this way.
Care
Protective wax coating
z
BMW Motorrad recommends
applying only BMW car wax or
products containing carnauba
wax or synthetic wax.
It is time to rewax the paintwork when water "puddles" on
the surface, instead of forming
beads.
Laying up motorcycle
Clean the motorcycle.
Remove the battery.
Spray the brake and clutch
lever pivots and the main and
side stand pivots with a suitable lubricant.
Coat bright metal and chromeplated parts with an acid-free
grease (e.g. Vaseline).
Stand the motorcycle in a dry
room in such a way that there
is no load on either wheel. Authorised BMW Motorrad dealers can provide suitable auxiliary stands.
Before laying the vehicle
up out of use, have the engine oil and the oil filter element
changed by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer. Combine work for laying up/restoring
to use with a BMW service or
inspection.
Restoring motorcycle
to use
Remove the protective wax
coating.
Clean the motorcycle.
Install a charged battery.
Before starting: work through
the checklist.
Technical data
Technical data
Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Riding specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
10
145
Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Technical data
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
z
10
Technical data
146
z
Troubleshooting chart
Engine does not start or is difficult to start
Possible cause
Remedy
Emergency off switch (kill switch)
Kill switch in operating position
Side stand
Retract the side stand. (
Gear engaged and clutch not disengaged
Select neutral or pull clutch lever (
Clutch pulled before ignition was switched on
Switch on the ignition, then pull the clutch lever
No fuel in tank
Refuelling (
Battery flat
Charge the battery when connected (
78)
78)
84).
137).
Threaded fasteners
Value
Valid
147
Brake caliper to slider tube
M8 x 32 - 10.9
30 Nm
Clamp screw of quick-release
axle
M8 x 35
19 Nm
Quick-release axle in axle holder
M24 x 1.5
50 Nm
Rear wheel
Value
Valid
z
Rear wheel to wheel carrier
M10 x 53 x 1.25
tighten in diagonally opposite sequence
60 Nm
Mirror arm
Value
Mirror to adapter
Locknut, M10 x 1.25 - 4.8
10
Technical data
Front wheel
22 Nm
Valid
10
Technical data
148
z
Mirror arm
Value
Valid
Mirror adapter to clamping
block
M10 x 14 - 4.8
25 Nm
Shift lever
Value
Peg to gearshift lever
M6 x 16
8 Nm
Valid
Engine design
Four-stroke opposed twin, air-cooled with oilcooled exhaust ports, installed longitudinally, two
overhead camshafts and four radially positioned
valves per cylinder, electronic engine management.
Displacement
1170 cm3
Cylinder bore
101 mm
Piston stroke
73 mm
Compression ratio
12.0 : 1
Nominal output
81 kW, at engine speed: 7750 min-1
with power reduction OE
Torque
with power reduction OE
72 kW, at engine speed: 7750 min-1
120 Nm, at engine speed: 6000 min-1
120 Nm, at engine speed: 6000 min-1
Maximum engine speed
max 8500 min-1
Idle speed
1150±50 min-1, Engine at regular operating temperature
10
149
Technical data
Engine
z
10
Technical data
150
z
Fuel
Recommended fuel grade
Premium plus unleaded
98 ROZ/RON
91 AKI
Premium unleaded (slight power- and
consumption-related restrictions)
95 ROZ/RON
89 AKI
with regular unleaded (RON 91) OE
Regular unleaded (power- and consumption-related restrictions)
91 ROZ/RON
87 AKI
Usable fuel capacity
approx. 33 l
Reserve fuel
approx. 4 l
Engine oil, capacity
max 4.0 l, with filter change
of products recommended by BMW Motorrad and generally admissible viscosity classes
Castrol GPS SAE 10W-40
~-20 °C
SAE 5W-40
~-20 °C
SAE 5W-~50
~-20 °C
SAE 10W-40
~-10 °C
SAE 10W-~50
~-20 °C
SAE 15W-~40
~0 °C
Engine oil, quantity for topping up
max 0.5 l, Difference between MIN and MAX
Oil grades
Engine oils of API classification SF or better. Engine oils of ACEA classification A2 or better.
10
151
Technical data
Engine oil
z
10
152
Clutch
Clutch type
Single-plate dry clutch
Transmission
Technical data
Gearbox type
z
Helical 6-speed gearbox with integral reaction
damper, claw-action shift by sliding sleeves
Gearbox transmission ratios
without Enduro gearbox OE
2.375 (38:16 teeth), 1st gear
with Enduro gearbox OE
2.600 (39:15 teeth), 1st gear
1.696 (39:23 teeth), 2nd gear
1.296 (35:27 teeth), 3rd gear
1.065 (33:31 teeth), 4th gear
0.939 (31:33 teeth), 5th gear
0.848 (28:33 teeth), 6th gear
Type of final drive
Shaft drive with bevel gears
Type of rear suspension
Cast-aluminium single swinging arm with BMW
Motorrad Paralever
Gear ratio of final drive
2.910 (32:11 teeth)
Running gear
Front wheel
Type of front suspension
BMW Telelever, with anti-dive top fork bridge,
leading link pivot-mounted on engine and telescopic forks, central spring strut supported by
leading link and front frame
Spring strut, front, type
Central spring strut with coil spring and twin-tube
gas-filled shock absorber; spring preload mechanically adjustable
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Spring travel, front
Central spring strut with single-tube gas-filled
shock absorber, electrically adjustable rebound
damping and electro-hydraulically adjustable
spring preload
210 mm, At wheel
10
153
Technical data
Rear-wheel drive
z
10
Technical data
154
z
Rear wheel
Type of rear suspension
Cast-aluminium single swinging arm with BMW
Motorrad Paralever
Type of rear suspension
Central spring strut with coil spring, adjustable rebound damping and hydraulically adjustable spring
preload
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE
Spring travel at rear wheel
Central spring strut with coil and elastomeric
springs, electrically adjustable rebound damping
and electro-hydraulically adjustable spring preload
220 mm
Brakes
Type of front brake
Hydraulically operated twin disc brake with 4-piston fixed calipers and floating brake discs
Brake-pad material, front
Sintered metal
Type of rear brake
Hydraulically operated disc brake with 2-piston
floating caliper and fixed disc
Brake-pad material, rear
Sintered metal
Wheels and tyres
Recommended tyre sets
You can obtain an up-to-date list of approved
tyres from your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer
or on the Internet at "www.bmw-motorrad.com".
10
155
Front wheel, type
Cross-spoked wheel with 40 spokes, MT H2
Front wheel rim size
2.50" x 19"
Tyre designation, front
110 / 80 - 19
Rear wheel
Rear wheel type
Cross-spoked wheel with 40 spokes, MT H2
Rear wheel rim size
4.00" x 17"
Tyre designation, rear
150 / 70 - 17
Tyre pressures
Tyre pressure, front
2.2 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.5 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
Tyre pressure, rear
2.5 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.9 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
Technical data
Front wheel
z
10
156
Electrics
Electrical rating of on-board socket
with extra socket OA
Technical data
Fuses
z
5A
max 5 A, Total for all sockets
Electronic fuses protect the circuits. If an electronic fuse trips and de-energises a circuit, the
circuit is active as soon as the ignition is switched
on after the fault has been rectified.
Fuse for auxiliary headlight
with auxiliary headlights OE
7.5 A
or
with auxiliary headlights OA
Battery
Battery type
AGM (Absorbent Glass Mat) battery
Battery rated voltage
12 V
Battery rated capacity
14 Ah
Spark plugs
Spark plugs, manufacturer and designation
NGK MAR8B-JDS
Electrode gap of spark plug
0.8±0.1 mm, When new
max 1 mm, Wear limit
Bulb for high-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulbs for the low-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulb for parking light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Bulb for tail light/brake light
LED / 12 V
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, front
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
with LED turn indicators OE
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, rear
with LED turn
indicators OE
LED / 12 V
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
LED / 12 V
Bulb for auxiliary headlight
with auxiliary headlights OE
H11 / 12 V / 55 W
with auxiliary headlights OA
LED / 12 V
10
157
Technical data
Lighting
z
10
Technical data
158
z
Frame
Frame type
Tubular steel front frame and rear frame, with
load-bearing drive unit
Type plate location
On left side behind side cover
VIN location
Front frame top centre
Dimensions
Length of motorcycle
2240 mm, Across luggage carrier
Height of motorcycle
1525 mm, Over windscreen, at DIN unladen
weight
Width of motorcycle
980 mm, Across handlebars
Front-seat height
890...910 mm, At unladen weight
Unladen weight
256 kg, DIN unladen weight, ready for road 90 %
load of fuel, without optional extras
Permissible gross weight
475 kg
Maximum payload
219 kg
Riding specifications
Top speed
>200 km/h
10
159
Technical data
Weights
z
Technical data
10
160
z
Service
Service
BMW Motorrad service . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
BMW Motorrad service quality . . . . . 162
11
161
BMW Motorrad service
network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Confirmation of maintenance
work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Confirmation of service . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Service
BMW Motorrad mobility services roadside assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
z
11
Service
162
z
BMW Motorrad service
Advanced technology requires
specially adapted methods of
maintenance and repair.
If maintenance and repair work is performed inexpertly, it could result in consequential damage and thus constitute a safety risk.
BMW Motorrad recommends you
to have all the associated work
on your motorcycle carried out
by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer can provide information on
BMW services and the work undertaken as part of each service.
Have all maintenance and repair
work carried out confirmed in the
"Service" chapter in this manual.
Authorised BMW Motorrad dealers are supplied with the latest
technical information and have
the necessary technical knowhow. BMW Motorrad recommends that you contact your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer
if you have questions regarding
your motorcycle.
BMW Motorrad service
quality
Along with its reputation for engineering quality and high reliability, BMW Motorrad is a byword
for excellent quality of service.
To ensure that your BMW is always in optimum condition, BMW
Motorrad recommends that you
have the maintenance work required for your motorcycle carried out regularly, preferably by
your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer. For generous treatment of claims submitted after
the warranty period has expired,
evidence of regular maintenance
is essential.
Certain signs of wear, moreover,
may otherwise not be noticed
until it is too late to put them
right at moderate cost. Your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer's
mechanics know every detail of
your motorcycle and can take remedial action if necessary before
minor faults develop into serious
problems. By having the necessary repairs done properly and
in good time, you save time and
money in the long run.
BMW Motorrad mobility
services - roadside
assistance
In the event of a breakdown, the
BMW Motorrad mobility services
available for each new BMW motorcycle enable you to access an
extensive range of services such
as breakdown assistance, motorcycle transportation etc. (details
can differ from country to country). In the event of a breakdown,
"Service Contact Europe" or
"Service Contact Africa, America, Asia, Australia, Oceania".
BMW Motorrad service
network
The BMW running-in check has
to be performed when the motorcycle has covered between
500 km and 1,200 km
BMW Motorrad has an extensive after-sales service network in
place to look after you and your
motorcycle in more than 100
countries. In Germany alone, you
have the best possible access
to approximately 200 authorised
BMW Motorrad dealers.
All information concerning the international dealership network
can be found in the brochure
Maintenance work
BMW Pre-delivery Check
Your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer conducts the BMW predelivery check before handing
over the motorcycle to you.
BMW Running-in Check
BMW Service
The BMW Service is carried out
once a year; the extent of servicing can vary, depending on the
age of the motorcycle and the
distance it has covered. Your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer
confirms that the service work
has been carried out and enters
the date when the next service
will be due.
Riders who cover long distances
in a year might have to bring in
their motorcycles for service before the next scheduled date. It
is to allow for these cases that
a maximum odometer reading is
entered as well in the confirmation of service. Servicing has to
be brought forward if this odometer reading is reached before
the next scheduled date for the
service.
The service-due indicator in the
multifunction display reminds you
about one month or 1000 km
in advance when the time for a
service is approaching, on the
basis of the programmed values.
11
163
Service
contact the Mobile Service organisation of BMW Motorrad.
The specialists will provide the
necessary advice and assistance.
You will find important countryspecific contact addresses and
the after-sales service organisation phone numbers in the "Service Kontakt / Service Contact"
brochures, along with information on Mobile Service and the
dealership network.
z
11
BMW Pre-delivery
Check
BMW Running-in
Check
Completed
Completed
on
on
Service
164
Confirmation of maintenance work
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
z
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
11
165
Service
BMW Service
z
11
Service
166
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
11
167
Service
BMW Service
z
11
Service
168
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Confirmation of service
The table is intended as a record of maintenance and repair work, the installation of optional accessories
and, if appropriate, special campaign (recall) work.
Odometer
reading
169
Date
Service
Item
11
z
11
Service
170
z
Item
Odometer
reading
Date
Auxiliary headlights
Control, 14
Operation, 55
B
Battery
Charging battery when
connected, 137
Charging battery when
disconnected, 137
Installation, 138
Maintenance instructions, 136
Stowage, 17
Warning, charge current, 28
BMW Motorrad service, 162
Brake fluid
Reservoir, front, 13
Reservoir, rear, 13
Brake pads
Running in, 81
Brakes
Adjusting brake lever, 63
Checking brake-pad thickness,
front brakes, 111
Checking brake-pad thickness,
rear brakes, 112
Checking fluid level, front
brakes, 113
Checking fluid level, rear
brakes, 115
Checking operation, 110
Safety instructions, 83
Technical data, 154
Wear indicator, 113
Bulbs
General instructions, 125
Overview, headlights, 19
Replacing auxiliary-headlight
bulbs, 129
Replacing fuses for auxiliary
headlights, 131
Replacing high-beam headlight
bulb, 125
Replacing low-beam headlight
bulb, 125
Replacing parking-light
bulb, 127
Replacing turn indicator
bulbs, 128
12
171
Index
A
Abbreviations and symbols, 6
ABS
Control, 14
Engineering details, 90
Operation, 59
Self-diagnosis, 80
Warnings, 31
Accessories
General instructions, 98
Air filter
Installation, 133
Position on the motorcycle, 13
Removal, 132
Anti-theft alarm
Telltale light, 18
Warnings, 41
ASC
Control, 14
Engineering details, 92
Operation, 60
Self-diagnosis, 80
Warnings, 33
z
12
Index
172
z
Technical data, 157
Warning, bulb failure, 28, 29
C
Case
Operation, 99
Checklist, 78
Clock, 22
Adjusting, 48
Control, 18
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever, 63
Checking fluid level, 116
Checking operation, 116
Fluid reservoir, 11
Technical data, 152
Confirmation of maintenance
work, 164
Currency, 7
D
Damping
Adjuster, rear, 11
Adjusting, 68
Dimensions, 158
Display
See multifunction display, 18
E
Electrics
Technical data, 156
Emergency off switch (kill
switch), 16, 57
Engine
Starting, 78
Technical data, 149
Temperature gauge, 22
Warning, engine electronics, 27
Engine oil
Checking fill level, 109
Filler neck, 13
Fill-level indicator, 11
Technical data, 151
Topping up, 110
Warning, engine oil level, 31
Warning, engine oil
pressure, 28
Equipment, 7
ESA
Control, 14
Engineering details, 95
Operation, 69
F
Frame
Technical data, 158
Front-wheel stand
Installing, 123
Fuel
Filler neck, 13
Fill-level indicator, 22
Refuelling, 84
Technical data, 150
Warning, fuel down to
reserve, 27
Fuses, 156
Replacing fuses for auxiliary
headlights, 131
G
Gear indicator, 22
General views
Headlight, 19
Instrument panel, 18
H
Handlebar fittings
General view, left side , 14
General view, right side, 16
Handlebars
Adjusting, 65
Hazard warning flashers
Control, 14, 16
Operation, 56
Headlight
Beam throw, 72
Driving on right/driving on
left, 72
Headlight beam-throw
adjustment, 11
Overview, 19
Headlight flasher, 14
Helmet holder, 17, 74
High-beam headlight
Control, 14
Switching on, 55
Telltale light, 22
Horn, 14
I
Idle
Telltale light, 22
Ignition
Switching off, 46
Switching on, 46
Immobiliser, 47
Warning, 27
Instrument cluster
Overview, 18
J
Jump starting, 135
K
Keys, 46
L
Laying up, 144
Lights
Auxiliary headlights, 55
Headlight flasher, 55
Parking light, 55
Switching on high-beam
headlight, 55
Switching on low-beam
headlight, 55
Switching on the side lights, 55
Low-beam headlight
Switching on, 55
Luggage
Instructions for loading and
securing objects, 76
M
Maintenance, 163
General instructions, 108
Mirrors
Adjusting, 65
Mobility services, 162
12
173
Index
Left handlebar fitting, 14
Left side of motorcycle, 11
Multifunction display, 22
Right handlebar fitting, 16
Right side of motorcycle, 13
Telltale lights, 22
Underneath the seat, 17
Grip heating
Control, 16
z
12
Index
174
z
Motorcycle
Laying up, 144
Restoring to use, 144
Multifunction display, 18
Overview, 22
O
Odometer and tripmeters, 22
Control, 18
Operation, 49
Off-roading, 82
On-board computer
Ambient temperature, 51
Average consumption, 52
Average speed, 52
Control, 14
Oil level, 53
Operation, 51
Range, 53
Status indicators, 23
Warnings, 29
P
Parking, 84
Parking light, 55
Power socket, 11
Notes on use, 98
Pre-ride check, 79
R
Rear-wheel drive
Technical data, 153
Refuelling, 13, 84
Reserve volume
Warning, 27
Residual range, 50
Restoring to use, 144
Rev. counter, 18
Rider's Manual
Stowage, 17
Running gear
Technical data, 153
Running in, 81
S
Safety instructions
for riding, 76
Seats
Adjusting seat height, 62
Lock, 11
Removing and installing, 72
Service, 162
Service-due indicator, 23
Shift lever
Adjusting, 64
Side light
Switching on, 55
Spark plugs
Technical data, 156
Speedometer, 18
Spring preload
Adjuster, front, 11
Adjuster, rear, 13
Adjusting, 66
Starting, 78
Control, 16
Status indicators
Standard status indicators, 22
Warnings, 24
With on-board computer, 23
With RDC, 24
Steering lock, 46
Topcase
Operation, 102
Torques, 147
Transmission
Technical data, 152
Transportation
Lashing, 86
Troubleshooting chart, 146
Turn indicators
Control, left, 14
Control, right, 16
Operation, 56
Telltale light, 22
Type plate, 11
Tyre pressure monitoring RDC
Adhesive label for rim, 118
Engineering details, 94
Operation, 54
Status indicators, 24
Warnings, 36
Tyres
Checking inflation pressure, 71
Pressures, 155
Recommendation, 117
Running in, 82
Table of tyre pressures, 17
Technical data, 155
Top speed, 77
12
175
V
Vehicle identification number, 13
W
Warnings, 24
With ABS, 31
With anti-theft alarm, 41
With ASC, 33
With on-board computer, 29
With RDC, 36
Warnings, overview, 26, 30, 32,
34, 38, 42
Weights, 159
Payload table, 17
Wheels
Change of size, 117
Checking spokes, 117
Installing front wheel, 120
Installing rear wheel, 122
Remove the front wheel, 118
Index
T
Technical data
Brakes, 154
Bulbs, 157
Clutch, 152
Dimensions, 158
Electrics, 156
Engine, 149
Engine oil, 151
Frame, 158
Fuel, 150
Rear-wheel drive, 153
Running gear, 153
Spark plugs, 156
Standards, 7
Transmission, 152
Weights, 159
Wheels and tyres, 155
Telltale lights
Overview, 22
Toolkit
Contents, 108
Stowage, 17
z
12
Index
176
z
Remove the rear wheel, 122
Technical data, 155
Windscreen
Adjuster, 11
Adjusting, 62