American Megatrends Baby EISA Specifications

Advanced/ZP
Baby-AT Board
Technical Product Summary
Version 2
July, 1995
Order Number 281786-002
®
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary
Table of Contents
Introduction.......................................................................................................................................................................... 3
Board Level Features........................................................................................................................................................... 5
CPU
Performance Upgrade
Second Level Cache
System Memory
Expansion Slots
Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) PCIset
National Semiconductor 87306 Super I/O Controller
System BIOS
Security Features
Connectors
Power Consumption
Appendix A − User-Installable Upgrades.......................................................................................................................... 14
Appendix B − Jumpers and Switches ................................................................................................................................ 15
Appendix C − I/O Map ...................................................................................................................................................... 17
Appendix D − Memory Map.............................................................................................................................................. 18
Appendix E − Interrupts & DMA Channels ..................................................................................................................... 18
Appendix F − Connectors .................................................................................................................................................. 19
Appendix G − BIOS Setup................................................................................................................................................. 23
Appendix H − BIOS Recovery........................................................................................................................................... 33
Appendix I − Error messages and Beep Codes ................................................................................................................. 34
Appendix J − Environmental Standards ........................................................................................................................... 36
Appendix K − Reliability Data .......................................................................................................................................... 36
Intel Corporation disclaims all warranties and liabilities for the use of this document and the information contained herein, and assumes no responsibility
for any errors which may appear in this document. Intel makes no commitment to update the information contained herein, and may make changes at any
time without notice. There are no express or implied licenses granted hereunder to any intellectual property rights of Intel Corporation or others to design
or fabricate Intel integrated circuits or integrated circuits based on the information in this document.
Contact your local sales office to obtain the latest specifications before placing your order.
*other product and corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of other companies, and are used only for explanation and to the
owners’benefit, without intent to infringe.
 INTEL CORPORATION, 1995
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 2
Introduction
The Intel Advanced/ZP baseboard features the Pentium processor in a Baby-AT form factor with integrated I/O.
Advanced/ZP baseboards are focused on providing the best possible performance at the lowest possible price for mainstream
desktop computers.
Advanced/ZP is a flexible baseboard which is available with the 75 MHz, 90 MHz, 100 MHz, or 120 MHz Pentium processor.
The processor is complemented by a standard 256 KB asynchronous SRAM second level write-back cache and support for up
to 128 MB of Fast Page or EDO DRAM. A Pentium OverDrive socket (Socket 5) provides access to future performance
enhancements.
The Advanced/ZP baseboard offers outstanding I/O capabilities starting with the full set of I/O, including a floppy drive
interface, dual channel PCI local bus IDE interfaces, two serial ports with FIFOs, an EPP/ECP capable parallel port, and an
infrared (IrDA) port. Two dedicated PCI local bus slots, and one shared PCI/ISA slot, provide a high bandwidth data path for
functions such as graphics that have a high data throughput requirement. The integrated Bus Mastering capable PCI IDE
controller provides two high performance IDE interfaces for hard drives and CD-ROMs. Bus mastering enhances the
performance in multi-tasking environments such as Windows* 95. The Advanced/ZP baseboard also provides three dedicated
ISA connectors and one shared PCI/ISA connector. There is one PCI full length capable slot, and three ISA full length
capable slots.
In addition to superior hardware capabilities, features like Windows 95-ready Plug and Play and Advanced Power
Management (APM) with application restart are provided by software available from Intel for the Advanced/ZP platform.
The Advanced/ZP baseboard provides the foundation for cost effective, high performance, highly expandable platforms which
deliver the latest in CPU and I/O technology.
Although the Advanced/ZP will support CGA emulation by VGA cards, it will not support CGA cards.
ADVANCED/ZP FORM FACTOR
The Advanced/ZP baseboard is designed to fit into a standard Baby-AT form factor chassis. Figure 1 illustrates the
mechanical form factor for the Advanced/ZP. The actual dimensions of the Advanced/ZP baseboard do not strictly adhere to
the standard Baby-AT guidelines, and exceptions to the standard are listed in the Baseboard Design Exceptions section.
10.0"
9.60"
0.70"
0.80"
3.80"
4.00"
3.50"
PIN 1
Pentium™
Processor
0.0"
0.65"
0.20"
0.20"
5.60"
8.40"
0.0"
8.60"
Figure 1. Advanced/ZP Baseboard dimensions.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 3
BASEBOARD DESIGN EXCEPTIONS
BASEBOARD DIMENSIONS
The Advanced/ZP is 3.0" shorter than the Baby-AT standard. The shorter board length may require some chassis to be
modified to add additional mounting holes.
MOUNTING HOLE PLACEMENT
The mounting holes located in the bottom left and right corners of Figure 1 are pseudo Baby-AT standard and are
available in many, but not all, Baby-AT compatible chassis.
FRONT PANEL CONNECTORS
There is no front panel connector on the baseboard for a Turbo/Deturbo switch. The processor speed can be set either
through a parameter in the CMOS Setup Utility, or from the keyboard (<CTL><ALT><+> = Turbo, <CLT><ALT><-> =
Deturbo). Changing processor speed from the keyboard may be prohibited by the operating system, or when the processor
is in protected mode.
Setting the processor to deturbo (or slow) only slows the processor to the approximate equivalent of a 25 MHz clock rate,
not the standard 8 MHz clock rate.
JUMPERS/SWITCHES
There is no Color/Mono jumper/switch on the baseboard to specify Monochrome or Color video mode at boot, the BIOS
will automatically detect the type of video card installed.
Also, there is no Flash write protect jumper/switch, the BIOS needs to be able to write to FLASH to support the Plug and
Play features.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 4
Board Level Features
AB C D E F
A − Two PCI IDE interfaces
B − National 87306 I/O controller
C − Primary power connector
D − Four SIMM sockets (two banks)
E − 82438FX Triton Data Path (TDP)
F − Parallel port connector
G − Floppy drive connector
H − 256KB Secondary cache
I − 82437FX Triton System Controller (TSC)
J − Socket 5 Pentium processor socket
K− CPU voltage regulator
L − Front Panel I/O connectors
M − Configuration switch block
N − 82371FB PCI ISA/IDE Accelerator (PIIX)
O − Battery for the Real-time clock
P − Four ISA expansion connectors
Q − BIOS recovery boot jumper
R − Flash EEPROM for system BIOS
S − Three PCI expansion connectors
T − 3.3 volt power connector for PCI
U − Serial port connectors
V − AT Keyboard Connector
G
H
V
U
T
I
PIN 1
S
J
R
K
Q
L
P
O N
M
(Optional PS/2 style Keyboard and Mouse connectors may
be available)
Figure 2. Advanced/ZP Board Level Features
CPU
The Advanced/ZP baseboard is designed to operate with 3.3 volt Pentium processors. A patented on-board voltage regulator
circuit provides the required 3.3 volts from the 5 volt tap provided by a standard PC power supply. The baseboard supports
the Pentium processors at iCOMP index 610 \ 75 MHz, 735 \ 90 Mhz, 815 \ 100 Mhz, and 1000 \ 120 Mhz. The Pentium
processor is backward-compatible with the 8086, 80286, i386 and i486 CPUs. It supports both read and write burst mode
bus cycles, and includes separate 8K on-chip code and data caches which employ a write-back policy. Also integrated into
the Pentium processor is an advanced numeric coprocessor which significantly increases the speed of floating point
operations, while maintaining backward compatibility with i486DX math coprocessor and complying to ANSI/IEEE
standard 754-1985.
All Advanced/ZP baseboards support the 75 MHz and 90 MHz processors. The matrix below shows which Printed Board
Assemblies (PBA number found on the baseboard) also support the 100 MHz or 120 MHz processor.
Processor Speed
Supported by PBA Numbers:
75 MHz
90 MHz
100 MHz
120 MHz
All PBAs
All PBAs
PBA 638995, PBA 641525, PBA 639379
Suffixes -606, -607, -806, -807, -808 and above
Table 1. Processor support
PERFORMANCE UPGRADE
A 320-pin Type 5 Zero Insertion Force socket provides users with a performance upgrade path to future, higher speed,
Pentium processors. An OverDrive processor being developed for use with this socket will provide performance beyond
that delivered by the originally installed Pentium processor.
SECOND LEVEL CACHE
The Pentium processor's internal cache is complemented by 256 KB direct mapped write-back second level cache. The 256
KB cache configuration is implemented with eight 32kx8 asynchronous SRAM devices for the cache data and one 32kx8
SRAM for the cache tag. The cache size is set by three configuration jumpers located on the baseboard. This is preset by the
factory to support the onboard 256 KB configuration.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 5
SYSTEM MEMORY
The Advanced/ZP baseboard provides four 72-pin SIMM sites for memory expansion. The sockets support 1M x 32 (4 MB),
2M x 32 (8 MB), 4M x 32 (16 MB), and 8M x 32 (32 MB) single-sided or double-sided SIMM modules. Minimum memory
size is 8 MB and maximum memory size, using four 8M x 32 SIMM modules, is 128 MB. For external CPU speeds of less
than 60 Mhz (used with 75, 90 and 120 Mhz processors) memory timing requires 70 ns fast page devices or, for higher
performance, 70 ns EDO DRAM. For external CPU speeds of 66 Mhz (used with 100 Mhz processors) you must use 60 nS
EDO DRAM, but 70 nS fast page DRAM may still be used. Parity generation and checking is not supported by the chip set.
The four sockets are arranged as Bank 0 and Bank 1, with each bank consisting of two sockets and providing a 64-bit wide
data path. Both SIMMs in a bank must be of the same memory size and type, however Banks 0 and 1 may have different
types of memory installed. It is even possible to have 70 ns Fast Page DRAM in one bank and 60 ns EDO DRAM in the
other, in which case each bank is independently optimized for maximum performance. Bank 0 only, Bank 1 only, or both
banks may be populated. There are no jumper settings required for the memory size or type, which is automatically detected
by the system BIOS. Tin lead SIMMs are required to be used when adding Fast Page or EDO DRAM.
EDO DRAM
Extended Data Out (or Hyper Page Mode) DRAM is designed to improve the DRAM read performance. EDO DRAM
holds the memory data valid until the next CAS# falling edge, unlike standard fast page mode DRAM which tri-states
the memory data when CAS# negates to precharge for the next cycle. With EDO, the CAS# precharge overlaps the data
valid time, allowing CAS# to negate earlier while still satisfying the memory data valid window time.
EXPANSION SLOTS
Up to six expansion slots may be populated on the Advanced/ZP baseboard. There are four ISA bus expansion conectors and
three PCI expansion connectors. One slot is shared by connectors that will accommodate either an ISA or a PCI expansion
card, but not both at the same time. This accounts for the disparity between the number of slots and connectors. All three
PCI expansion slots accept PCI bus mastering cards, and fully comply with the PCI 2.10 specification. Three of the ISA
slots and one PCI slot can accommodate full length add-in cards. Interference with the processor heat sink and CPU voltage
regulator support circuitry limits the rest of the ISA and PCI slots to being able to support only half-length add-in cards.
PCI 3.3 VOLT CAPABILITIES
To maintain strict compliance with the PCI specification, the baseboard provides a connector which can be used to route
3.3 volt power to the PCI slots. The connector may be used with a separate 3.3 volt power supply or with a custom
designed voltage converter. Note: The on-board 3.3 volt regulator provides power for the CPU, PCIset and L2 cache
only, not the PCI slots.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 6
PERIPHERAL COMPONENT INTERCONNECT (PCI) PCISET
The Intel Triton 82430FX PCIset consists of the 82437FX Triton System Controller (TSC), two 82438FX Triton Data Path
(TDP) devices, and one 82371FB PCI ISA/IDE Accelerator (PIIX) bridge chip. The Triton PCIset provides the following
functions:
• CPU interface control
• Interface between the PCI bus and ISA bus
• Integrated L2 write-back cache controller
• Integrated fast IDE interface
– Pipelined Burst or standard SRAM
– Support for up to 4 devices
– 256kB or 512kB Direct Mapped
– PIO Mode 4 transfers up to 16MB/sec
– Integrated Tag Status Bits
– Integrated 8 x 32-bit buffer for PCI IDE burst
• Integrated DRAM controller
transfers
– 64-bit path to Memory
• Enhanced Fast DMA controller
– Support for EDO and Fast Page DRAM
• Interrupt controller and steering
– 4 MB to 128 MB main memory
• Counters/Timers
• Fully synchronous PCI bus interface
• SMI interrupt logic and timer with Fast On/Off mode
– 25/30/33 MHz
– PCI to DRAM > 100 Mbytes/sec
– PCI to DRAM posting of 12 Dwords
– 5 Dword buffers for CPU-PCI write posting
– 4 Dword buffers for PCI to Memory bus master
cycles
– Support for up to 5 PCI masters
82437FX TRITON SYSTEM CONTROLLER (TSC)
The 82437FX provides all control signals necessary to drive a second level cache and the DRAM array, including
multiplexed address signals. It also controls system access to memory and generates snoop controls to maintain cache
coherency. The TSC comes in a 208 pin QFP package.
82438FX TRITON DATA PATH (TDP)
There are two 82438FX components which provide data bus buffering and dual port buffering to the memory array.
Controlled by the 82437FX, the 82438FX devices add one load each to the PCI bus and perform all the necessary byte
and word swapping required. Memory and I/O write buffers are included in these devices. The TDP devices are 100 pin
QFP packages.
82371FB PCI ISA/IDE ACCELERATOR (PIIX)
The 82371FB provides the interface between the PCI and ISA buses and integrates a dual channel fast IDE interface
capable of supporting up to 4 devices, seven 32-bit DMA channels, five 16-bit timer/counters, two eight-channel interrupt
controllers, PCI-to-AT interrupt mapping circuitry, NMI logic, ISA refresh address generation, and PCI/ISA bus
arbitration circuitry. The PIIX comes in a 208-pin QFP package.
TRITON DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
Triton Memory Hole Limitation
Due the design of the Triton chipset, only one memory hole can be active at a time. The user can not set the Base
Memory size to 512 KB and enable the ISA LFB at the same time.
Triton PCI Hold Time Requirement
The Triton chipset provides less hold time than the earlier Neptune and Mercury chipsets on the PCI address and data
lines, but still is within the PCI specification. (The PCI specification calls out a 0 ns minimum hold time.) Some PCI
expansion cards do not meet this requirement, and in fact require more hold time than the Triton chipset provides.
Disabling PCI write bursting will sometimes enable these cards to function.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 7
IDE SUPPORT
The Advanced/ZP baseboard provides two independent high performance bus-mastering PCI IDE interfaces capable of
supporting PIO Mode 3 and Mode 4 devices for up to 16 MB/sec transfers. Support for ATAPI devices is provided in the
system BIOS. The system BIOS also supports Logical Block Addressing (LBA) and ECHS on both IDE interfaces. When
used in conjunction with a special driver the IDE interface operates as a PCI bus master for optimum performance in a
multi-tasking environment. One such driver is provided by Intel for the Windows 95 environment.
NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR 87306 SUPER I/O CONTROLLER
Control for the integrated serial ports, parallel port, floppy drive, RTC and keyboard controller is incorporated into a single
component, the National Semiconductor 87306. This component provides:
•Two NS16C550-compatible UARTs with send/receive 16 byte FIFO
- Support for an IrDA compliant Infra Red interface
•Multi-mode bi-directional parallel port
- Standard mode; IBM and Centronics compatible
- Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) with BIOS/Driver support
- High Speed mode; Enhanced Capabilities Port (ECP) compatible
•Industry standard floppy controller with 16 byte data FIFO (2.88 MB floppy support)
•Integrated Real Time Clock accurate within +/- 13 minutes/yr
•Integrated 8042 compatible keyboard controller
Configuration of these interfaces is possible via the CMOS Setup program that can be invoked during boot-up. The serial
ports can be enabled as COM1, COM2 or disabled. COM2 can alternately be configured as an IRDA port. The parallel port
can be configured as normal, extended , or disabled. The floppy interface can be configured for 720 KB, 1.2 MB, 1.44 MB,
or 2.88 MB media. Header pins located near the back of the board allow cabling to use these interfaces.
KEYBOARD INTERFACE
The AT keyboard connector is located on the back panel side of the baseboard. The 5V lines to this connector is protected
with a PolySwitch* circuit which acts much like a self-healing fuse, re-establishing the connection after an over-current
condition is removed. While this device eliminates the possibility of having to replace a fuse, care should be taken to turn
off the system power before installing or removing a keyboard.
The integrated 8042 microcontroller contains the AMI Megakey keyboard controller code which, besides providing
traditional keyboard control functions, supports Power-On/Reset (POR) password protection. The POR password can be
defined by the user via the Setup program. The keyboard controller also provides for the following "hot key" sequences:
•CTRL-ALT-DEL: System software reset. This sequence performs a software reset of the system by jumping to the
beginning of the BIOS code and running the POST operation.
•CTRL-ALT+ and CTRL-ALT-: Turbo mode selection. CTRL-ALT- sets the system for de-turbo mode, emulating a 25
MHz AT, and CTRL-ALT+ sets the system for turbo mode. Changing the Turbo mode may be prohibited by an operating
system, or when the CPU is in Protected mode or virtual 86 mode under DOS.
•CTRL-ALT-<defined in setup>: Power down and coffee-break key sequences take advantage of the SMM features of
the Pentium processor to greatly reduce the system’s power consumption while maintaining the responsiveness necessary
to service external interrupts.
REAL TIME CLOCK, CMOS RAM AND BATTERY
The integrated Real Time Clock, RTC, is accurate to within 13 minutes/year. The RTC can be set via the BIOS SETUP
Program. CMOS memory supports the standard 128-byte battery-backed RAM, fourteen bytes for clock and control
registers, and 114 bytes of general purpose non-volatile CMOS RAM. All CMOS RAM is reserved for BIOS use. The
CMOS RAM can be set to specific values or cleared to the system default values using the BIOS SETUP program. Also,
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 8
the CMOS RAM values can be cleared to the system defaults by using a configuration switch on the baseboard. Appendix
B lists switch and jumper configurations.
An external coin-cell style battery provides power to the RTC and CMOS memory. The battery has an estimated lifetime
of seven years and is socketed for easy replacement. Refer to Appendix A for battery replacement details.
IRDA (INFRARED) SUPPORT
Serial port 2 can be configured to support an IrDA module via a 5 pin header connector. Once configured for IrDA, the
user can transfer files to/from portable devices such as laptops, PDA’s and printers using application software such as
LapLink. The IrDA specification provides for data transfers at up to 115kbps from a distance of 1 meter.
A 5-pin header is provided to allow connection to a Hewlett Packard HSDSL-1000 compatible Infra-red
transmitter/receiver.
SYSTEM BIOS
The Advanced/ZP baseboard uses an American Megatrends Incorporated (AMI) Pentium Processor ROM BIOS, which is
stored in Flash EEPROM and easily upgraded using a floppy disk-based program. In addition to the AMIBIOS, the Flash
EEPROM also contains the Setup utility, Power-On Self Tests (POST), update recovery code, and the PCI autoconfiguration utility. This baseboard supports system BIOS shadowing, allowing the BIOS to execute from 32-bit onboard write-protected DRAM.
The BIOS displays a sign-on message during POST identifying the type of BIOS and a five-digit revision code. As an
example the BIOS for the Advanced/ZE will be 1.00.02.BS0. As BIOS updates occur the revision number will increase to
1.00.03.BS0, and so on.
Information on BIOS functions can be found in the IBM PS/2 and Personal Computer BIOS Technical Reference
published by IBM, and the ISA and EISA Hi-Flex AMIBIOS Technical Reference published by AMI. Both manuals are
available at most technical bookstores.
FLASH IMPLEMENTATION
The Intel 28F001BXT 1 Mb FLASH component is organized as 128K x 8 (128 KB). The Flash device is divided into five
areas, as described in Table 1.
System Address
FLASH Memory Area
F0000H
EE000H
FFFFFH
EFFFFH
64 KB Main BIOS
8 KB Boot Block (Not FLASH erasable)
ED000H
EDFFFH
4 KB Plug and Play ESCD Storage Area
EC000H
ECFFFH
4 KB OEM LOGO Area
E0000H
EBFFFH
48 KB System BIOS Reserved
Table 2. Flash Memory Organization
The FLASH device resides in system memory in two 64 KB segments starting at E0000H, and can be mapped two
different ways, depending on the mode of operation. In Normal Mode, address line A16 is inverted, setting the E000H
and F000H segments so that the BIOS is organized as shown in the system address column above. Recovery mode
removes the inversion on address line A16, swapping the E000H and F000H segments so that the 8 KB boot block resides
at FE000H where the CPU expects the bootstrap loader to exist. This mode is only necessary in the unlikely event that a
BIOS upgrade procedure is interrupted, causing the BIOS area to be left in an unusable state. For information on
recovering the BIOS in the event of a catastrophic failure, refer to the appendix.
BIOS UPGRADES
FLASH memory makes distributing BIOS upgrades easy. A new version of the BIOS can be installed from a diskette.
BIOS upgrades will be available as downloadable files on the Intel bulletin board.
The disk-based Flash upgrade utility, FMUP.EXE, has three options for BIOS upgrades:
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 9
•The Flash BIOS can be updated from a file on a disk;
•The current BIOS code can be copied from the Flash EEPROM to a disk file as a backup in the event that an
upgrade cannot be successfully completed; or
•The BIOS in the Flash device can be compared with a disk file to ensure the system has the correct BIOS version.
The upgrade utility ensures the upgrade BIOS extension matches the target system to prevent accidentally installing a
BIOS for a different type of system. A recovery jumper is provided to allow recovery in the unlikely event of an
unsuccessful BIOS upgrade. The jumper forces the ROM decode to access a 8 KB block of write protected recovery code
in the Flash device.
SETUP UTILITY
The ROM-based Setup utility allows the configuration to be modified without opening the system for most basic changes.
The Setup utility is accessible only during the Power-On Self Test, POST, by pressing the <F1> key after the POST
memory test has begun and before boot begins. A prompt may be enabled that informs the user to press the <F1> key to
access Setup. A switch on the baseboard can be set to prevent user access to Setup for security purposes. Setup options are
detailed in the BIOS appendix.
PCI AUTO-CONFIGURATION
The PCI auto-configuration utility operates in conjunction with the system Setup utility to allow the insertion and
removal of PCI cards to the system without user intervention. When the system is turned on after adding a PCI add-in
card, the BIOS automatically configures interrupts, DMA channels, I/O space, and other parameters. The user does not
have to configure jumpers or worry about potential resource conflicts. Because PCI cards use the same interrupt resources
as ISA cards, the user must specify the interrupts used by ISA add-in cards in the Setup utility. The PCI AutoConfiguration function complies with version 2.10 of the PCI BIOS specification.
ISA PLUG & PLAY
The BIOS incorporates ISA Plug and Play capabilities conforming to version 1.0a of the Plug-n-Play specification. This
will allow auto-configuration of Plug and Play ISA cards, and resource management for legacy ISA cards, when used in
conjunction with the ISA Configuration Utility (ICU).
SHADOW MEMORY
Memory from C8000-DFFFF is not shadowed. This is a change from previous Intel products using AMI BIOS. This may
have a slight adverse affect on the performance of some non-Plug and Play ISA cards. All or part of this area may be used
as shared ISA memory if needed. Video BIOS located from C0000-C7FFF is shadowed to boost performance.
POWER MANAGEMENT
The Advanced/ZP will enable you to have an Energy Star compliant system through its Advanced Power Management
resources. The Advanced/ZP BIOS supports power management via System Management Mode (SMM) interrupts to the
CPU and Advanced Power Management (APM v1.1). In general, power management capabilities will allow the system to
be put into a power managed Stand By state. This can be accomplished by pressing the sleep/resume button on the front
of the chassis, entering an user configured hot-key sequence on the keyboard, or by the expiration of a hardware timer
which detects system inactivity for a user-configurable length of time. While in the Stand By state, the Advanced/ZP
baseboard reduces the system power consumption to Energy Star levels by utilizing the power saving capabilities of the
Pentium Processor, spinning down the IDE hard drive, and turning off an Energy Star rated monitor. Add-in cards
supplied with APM-aware drivers can also be put into a power managed state for further energy savings. The ability to
respond to external interrupts is fully maintained while in Stand By mode allowing the system to service requests such as
in-coming FAX’s or network messages while unattended.
FLASH LOGO AREA
Advanced/ZP supports a 4 KB programmable FLASH user area located at EC000-ECFFF. An OEM may use this area to
display a custom logo. The BIOS accesses the user area at several points during the boot up sequence.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 10
SECURITY FEATURES
ADMINISTRATIVE PASSWORD
The administrative password protects several sensitive Setup options from being viewable to a user unless the password
is entered. These sensitive fields are viewable unless the administrative password is set.
BIOS PASSWORD
A BIOS password feature provides security during the boot process. A password can be entered using the Setup utility,
and will be required on boot up before normal operation of the system can commence. To enable, disable, or change the
password, refer to the Setup program options in the appendix.
If the password is forgotten, it can be cleared by turning off the system and setting the "password clear" jumper to the
clear position.
SETUP ENABLE SWITCH
A baseboard configuration switch controls access to the BIOS Setup utility. By setting switch SW5 to the ON position,
the user is prevented from accessing the Setup utility during the Power-On Self Test or at any other time. The message
prompting the user to press <F1> to enter setup is also disabled
CONNECTORS
FRONT PANEL CONNECTIONS
The Advanced/ZP baseboard provides header connectors to support functions typically located on the chassis bezel:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
System Reset
Power LED
Keyboard Lock
Hard Drive activity LED
Turbo LED
System Speaker
Secondary CPU Fan
Infra-Red (IrDA) port
Sleep/Resume
Sleep/Resume
Infra-Red
+12v Fan
Speaker
Reset
Keylock/
HDD LED
Power LED
Turbo LED
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 11
Figure 3. Front Panel Connectors
Sleep/Resume
This two pin header, when connected to a momentary switch, can be used to put the system into a power managed
state (standby) that will reduce the system’s power consumption. If the system is in Stand By mode and the switch is
pressed, the system will instantly “wake up” or Resume full system activity. When used with a power supply with a
high efficiency rating, the Advanced/ZE is easily capable of reducing the system power to below EPA Energy Star
requirements. The function of the Sleep/Resume button can also be achieved via the keyboard with a hot key sequence
programmable in setup.
Infra-Red (IrDA) connector
Serial port 2 can be configured to support an IrDA module via a 5 pin header connector. Once configured for IrDA,
the user can transfer files to/from portable devices such as laptops, PDA’s and printers using application software such
as LapLink. The IrDA specification provides for data transfers at up to 115kbps from a distance of 1 meter.
Speaker
The external speaker provides error beep code information during the Power-On Self Test if the system cannot use the
video interface. See the appendix for more information about error beep codes.
BACK PANEL CONNECTIONS
The back panel provides external access to an AT style keyboard connector integrated on the Advanced/ZP baseboard.
Figure 4 shows the general location of the AT style keyboard connector.
Keyboard
Connector
Figure 4. Advanced/ZP AT Style Back panel
I/O CONNECTIONS
The baseboard contains shroudless stake pin header connections for cabling the serial, parallel, floppy, and IDE
interfaces. Figure 5 shows the locations of these connectors and the orientation of pin 1 on each.
Primary IDE
Parallel Port
Floppy
Secondary IDE
COM 1
COM 2
Denotes Pin 1
Figure 5. I/O Connections
POWER CONSUMPTION
Table 2 lists the current used by system resources in a configuration which includes 8 MB of DRAM. Table 3 lists the
typical power consumed by the same configuration. Note that the 3.3 volts used to drive the CPU and core logic is derived
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 12
from an on-board voltage regulator from the +5 volt source. This information is provided only as a guide for calculating
approximate total system power usage with additional resources added.
CURRENT
DC Voltage
+5V
-5V
+12V
-12V
75 MHz Typical Current*
3.3 amps
20 milliamps
75 milliamps
10 milliamps
90 MHz Typical Current*
3.45 amps
20 milliamps
75 milliamps
10 milliamps
Table 3. Advanced/ZP Current Requirements
*(measured with 8 MB DRAM, VGA controller and Floppy Drive while sitting at DOS prompt)
WATTS
Resource
Advanced/ZP baseboard, 8 MB, 256 KB
cache, 3½” floppy drive, 540 MB hard drive
Typical
Power*
32 Watts
Standby
Power*
21 Watts
Table 4. Power used by System Resources
*(true power measured from the wall with a 65% efficient power supply)
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 13
Appendix A − User-Installable Upgrades
SYSTEM MEMORY
Table A-1 shows the possible memory combinations. The Advanced/ZP will support both Fast Page DRAM or EDO
DRAM SIMMs, but they cannot be mixed within the same memory bank. If Fast Page DRAM and EDO DRAM SIMMs
are installed in separate banks, each bank will be optimized for maximum performance. Parity generation and detection is
NOT supported. SIMM requirements are Fast Page Mode or EDO DRAM, 60 nS or 70 nS, with tin-lead connectors.
SIMM 1,2 (Bank 0)
SIMM Type (Size)
Empty
Empty
Empty
Empty
1M X 32 (4 MB)
1M X 32 (4 MB)
1M X 32 (4 MB)
1M X 32 (4 MB)
1M X 32 (4 MB)
2M X 32 (8 MB)
2M X 32 (8 MB)
2M X 32 (8 MB)
2M X 32 (8 MB)
2M X 32 (8 MB)
4M X 32 (16 MB)
4M X 32 (16 MB)
4M X 32 (16 MB)
4M X 32 (16 MB)
4M X 32 (16 MB)
8M X 32 (32 MB)
8M X 32 (32 MB)
8M X 32 (32 MB)
8M X 32 (32 MB)
8M X 32 (32 MB)
SIMM 3,4 (Bank 1)
Total System Memory
SIMM Type (Size)
1M X 32 (4 MB)
8 MB
2M X 32 (8 MB)
16 MB
4M X 32 (16 MB)
32 MB
8M X 32 (32 MB)
64 MB
Empty
8 MB
1M X 32 (4 MB)
16 MB
2M X 32 (8 MB)
24 MB
4M X 32 (16 MB)
40 MB
8M X 32 (32 MB)
72 MB
Empty
16 MB
1M X 32 (4 MB)
24 MB
2M X 32 (8 MB)
32 MB
4M X 32 (16 MB)
48 MB
8M X 32 (32 MB)
80 MB
Empty
32 MB
1M X 32 (4 MB)
40 MB
2M X 32 (8 MB)
48 MB
4M X 32 (16 MB)
64 MB
8M X 32 (32 MB)
96 MB
Empty
64 MB
1M X 32 (4 MB)
72 MB
2M X 32 (8 MB)
80 MB
4M X 32 (16 MB)
96 MB
8M X 32 (32 MB)
128 MB
Table A-1. Possible SIMM Memory Combinations
RTC BATTERY
The battery can be replaced with either of the following batteries:
Sony CR2032 3V Lithium cell
Panasonic CR2032 3V Lithium cell
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 14
Appendix B − Jumpers and Switches
Figure B-1. Jumper locations and settings (default settings shown)
EXTERNAL CPU CLOCK SPEED (50/60/66 MHZ) - SWITCHES 7 & 8
This jumper sets the CPU's external operating frequency at 50, 60, and 66 MHz.. Default setting is 50 MHz.
Frequency
50 MHz
60 Mhz
66 MHz
Switch 7
OFF
ON
OFF
Switch 8
OFF
OFF
ON
Table B-1. External CPU Speed Switches
INTERNAL CPU BUS CLOCK SPEED - SWITCH 6
Sets the internal processor speed to either 3/2 or 2 times the external CPU clock speed. Switch 6=OFF for 3/2, Switch
6=ON for 2 times. The 3/2 setting is used for 75 MHz, 90 MHz, and 100 MHz processors. The 2 times setting is used for
120 MHz processors. The default setting is 3/2, (Switch 6 = OFF).
SETUP DISABLE - SWITCH 5
Allows access to CMOS Setup Utility to be disabled by setting switch 5 to the ON position. Default is for access to setup to
be enabled (switch 5 = OFF).
CLEAR CMOS - SWITCH 4
Allows CMOS settings to be reset to default values by moving switch 4 to the ON position and turning the system on. The
system should then be turned off and switch 4 should be returned to the OFF position to restore normal operation. This
procedure should be done whenever the system BIOS is updated. Default setting is SW4=OFF.
PASSWORD CLEAR - SWITCH 3
Allows system password to be cleared by moving switch 3 to the ON position and turning the system on. The system
should then be turned off and switch 3 should be returned to the OFF position to restore normal operation. This procedure
should only be done if the user password has been forgotten. Default setting is SW3=OFF.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 15
PROCESSOR VOLTAGE REGULATION - SWITCH 2
Sets the output of the on-board voltage regulator. The switch settings are OFF = VR, and ON = VRE. The VR voltage
specification requires a voltage range of 3.3-3.465 Volts DC, while the VRE specification requires a voltage range of 3.453.6V. Pentium processors currently available that do not require the VRE voltage specification should use the VR setting.
When upgrading your CPU be sure to consult the documentation for the processor voltage requirements before setting this
switch, as an incorrect setting may damage the processor. The default position is with the switch set for VR (off).
ISA BUS SPEED - SWITCH 1
Sets the ISA bus speed to either 1/4 or 1/3 of the PCI bus speed to best maximize system performance for 75, 90, 100 or
120 MHz processor speeds. When SW1=ON the ISA bus speed will be 1/4 of the PCI bus speed and when SW1=OFF the
ISA bus speed will be 1/3 the PCI bus speed. The ISA bus speed is derived from the PCI bus speed which is derived from
the external processor clock frequency. The position of SW1 will set the ISA bus speed to either Compatible or Enhanced
for 90 MHz, 100 MHz, and 120 MHz processors and will leave the ISA bus speed Compatible for 75 MHz processor speed.
For 90 MHz, 100 MHz, and 120 MHz processor speeds, if SW1 is set to Compatible (SW1=ON), the speed will fall within
the limits defined by the IBM AT Technical Reference (6-8.33 MHz). If set to Enhanced (SW1=OFF), the speed will be
greater than the maximum defined by the IBM AT Technical Reference manual. SW1 can be set to either position when a
75 MHz processor speed is used for maximum ISA bus performance. Modern ISA cards can operate with the enhanced
speeds, however some older cards can experience difficulties. The actual value of the Bus Clock when set to Compatible or
Enhanced is dependent upon the setting of the external processor frequency. The following table describes the ISA bus
speeds for the 75 MHz, 90 MHz, 100 MHz, and 120 MHz processor speeds.
Internal Processor Frequency
PCI bus Frequency
SW1=OFF (1/3)
SW1=ON (1/4)
75 MHz
90 MHz
100 MHz
120 MHz
25 MHz
30 MHz
33 MHz
30 MHz
8.33 MHz
10.0 MHz
11.0 MHz
10.0 MHz
8.33 MHz
7.50 MHz
8.33 MHz
7.50 MHz
Table B-2. ISA Bus Speed Switch Settings
RECOVERY BOOT ENABLE - J1K1
This switch allows the system to boot in the event the system BIOS has been corrupted by moving the jumper from the
default position of 1-2 to the 2-3 position. A recovery disk must be in drive A while booting up with this jumper set to 2-3.
Once the recovery is complete the jumper should be move back to pins 1-2, and the system rebooted.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 16
Appendix C − I/O Map
Address (hex)
Size
Description
Address (hex)
Size
Description
0000 - 000F
0020 - 0021
16 bytes
2 bytes
PIIX - DMA 1
PIIX - Interrupt Controller 1
01F0 - 01F7
0278 - 027B
8 bytes
4 bytes
Primary IDE Channel
Parallel Port 2
0040 - 0043
4 bytes
PIIX - Timer 1
02F8 - 02FF
8 bytes
On-Board Serial Port 2
0048 - 004B
4 bytes
PIIX - Timer 2
0376
1 byte
Sec IDE Chan Cmd Port
0060
1 byte
Keyboard Controller Data Byte
0377
1 byte
Sec IDE Chan Stat Port
0061
1 byte
PIIX - NMI, speaker control
0378 - 037F
8 bytes
Parallel Port 1
0064
1 byte
Kbd Controller, CMD/STAT
03BC - 03BF
4 bytes
Parallel Port x
0070, bit 7
1 bit
PIIX - Enable NMI
03E8 - 03EF
8 bytes
Serial Port 3
0070, bits 6:0
7 bits
PIIX - Real Time Clock, Address
03F0 - 03F5
6 bytes
Floppy Channel 1
0071
1 byte
PIIX - Real Time Clock, Data
03F6
1 bytes
Pri IDE Channel Cmnd Port
0078
1 byte
Reserved - Brd. Config.
03F7 (Write)
1 byte
Floppy Channel 1 Command
0079
1 byte
Reserved - Brd. Config. RD Only
03F7, bit 7
1 bit
Floppy Disk Change Channel 1
0080 - 008F
16 bytes
PIIX - DMA Page Register
03F7, bits 6:0
7 bits
Pri IDE Channel Status Port
00A0 - 00A1
2 bytes
PIIX - Interrupt Controller 2
03F8 - 03FF
8 bytes
On-Board Serial Port 1
00C0 - 00DE
31 bytes
PIIX - DMA 2
LPT + 400h
8 bytes
ECP port, LPT + 400h
00F0
1 byte
Reset Numeric Error
0CF8-0CFB*
4 bytes
PCI Config Addr Reg Enable
0170 - 0177
8 bytes
Secondary IDE Channel
0CFC-0CFF*
4 bytes
PCI Config Data Reg
FF00-FF07
8 bytes
IDE Bus Master Reg.
Table C-1 and C-2. Advanced/ZP I/O Address Map
* Only accessible after PCI configuration space is enabled.
I/O Port 78 is reserved for BIOS use. I/O Port 79 is a read only port, the bit definitions are shown below.
Bit #
Description
Bit = 1
Bit = 0
0
1
Internal CPU Clock Freq. (Switch 6)
No Connect
3/2x
2x
Disable access
2
No Connect
3
External CPU clock (Switch 7)
4
External CPU clock (Switch 8)
5
Setup Disable (Switch 5)
Enable access
6
Clear CMOS (Switch 4)
Keep values
Clear values
7
Password Clear (Switch 3)
Keep password
Clear password
Figure C-3. I/O Port For Board Configuration
PCI CONFIGURATION SPACE MAP
The Triton chipset uses Configuration Mechanism 1 to access PCI configuration space. The PCI Configuration Address
register is a 32-bit register located at CF8h, the PCI Configuration Data register is a 32-bit register located at CFCh. These
registers are only accessable by full DWORD accesses. The table below lists the PCI bus and device numbers used by the
baseboard.
Bus Number (hex)
Dev Number (hex)
Func. Number (hex)
Description
00
00
00
07
00
00
Intel 82437FX (TSC)
Intel 82371FB (PIIX) PCI/ISA bridge
00
07
01
Intel 82371FB (PIIX) IDE Bus Master
00
0F
PCI Expansion Slot 1
00
0D
PCI Expansion Slot 2
00
0E
PCI Expansion Slot 3
00
10
PCI Expansion Slot 4
Table C-4. Advanced/ZP PCI Config. Space Map
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 17
Appendix D − Memory Map
Address Range (Decimal)
Address Range (hex)
Size
Description
1024K-131072K
960K-1023K
100000-8000000
F0000-FFFFF
127M
64K
Extended Memory
AMI System BIOS
952K-959K
EE000-EFFFF
8K
FLASH Boot Block (Available as UMB)
948K-951K
ED000-EDFFF
4K
ESCD (Plug and 'Play configuration area)
944K-947K
EC000-ECFFF
4K
OEM LOGO (available as UMB)
896K-943K
E0000-EBFFF
48K
BIOS RESERVED (Currently available as UMB)
800K-895K
C8000-DFFFF
96K
Available HI DOS memory (open to ISA and PCI bus)
640K-799K
A0000-C7FFF
160K
Available HI DOS memory (open to ISA and PCI bus)
639K
9FC00-9FFFF
1K
Extended BIOS Data (moveable by QEMM, 386MAX)
512K-638K
80000-9FBFF
127K
Extended conventional
0K-511K
00000-7FFFF
512K
Table D-1. Advanced/ZP Memory Map
Conventional
The table above details the Advanced/ZE memory map. The ESCD area from ED000-EDFFF is not available for use as an
Upper Memory Block (UMB) by memory managers. The area from E0000-EBFFF is currently not used by the BIOS and is
available for use as UMB by memory managers. Parts of this area may be used by future versions of the BIOS to add
increased functionality.
Appendix E − Interrupts & DMA Channels
IRQ
System Resource
NMI
0
Unused
Reserved, Interval Timer
1
Reserved, Keyboard buffer full
DMA
Data Width
System Resource
2
Reserved, Cascade interrupt from slave PIC
3
Serial Port 2
0
1
8- or 16-bits
8- or 16-bits
Open
Open - Normally used for LAN
4
Serial Port 1
2
8- or 16-bits
Floppy
5
Parallel Port 2
3
8- or 16-bits
Parallel Port
6
Floppy
4
7
Parallel Port 1
5
16-bits
Open
8
Real Time Clock
6
16-bits
Open
9
User available
10
User available
11
User available
12
User available
13
Reserved, Math coprocessor
14
Primary IDE if enabled, else available to user
15
Secondary IDE if enabled, else available to user
Table E-1.Advanced/ZP Interrupts
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 18
Reserved - Cascade channel
7
16-bits
ISA IDE
Table E-2. Advanced/ZP DMA Map
Appendix F − Connectors
POWER SUPPLY CONNECTORS
PRIMARY POWER (J9J1)
AUXILIARY (3.3V) PCI POWER (J6G1)
Pin
Name
Function
Pin
Name
Function
1
2
PWRGD
+5 V
Power Good
+ 5 volts Vcc
1
2
GND
GND
Ground
Ground
3
+12 V
+ 12 volts
3
GND
Ground
4
-12 V
- 12 volts
4
+3.3 V
+ 3.3 volts
5
GND
Ground
5
+3.3V
+ 3.3 volts
6
GND
Ground
6
+3.3 V
+ 3.3 volts
7
GND
Ground
8
GND
Ground
9
-5 V
-5 volts
10
+5 V
+ 5 volts Vcc
11
+5 V
+ 5 volts Vcc
12
+5 V
+ 5 volts Vcc
Tables F-1 and F-2. Power Connectors
FRONT PANEL CONNECTORS − (J2A1, J1B1)
Turbo LED
sleep/resume
Pin
Signal Name
Pin
Signal Name
1
2
+5 V
Sleep
1
2
PULL_UP_330
LED_TURBO-
Table F-3. Sleep/Resume Connector
Infra-red
Table F-4. Turbo LED Connector
Hard Drive LED (Disk)
Pin
Signal Name
Pin
Signal Name
1
2
+5 V
Key
1
2
PULL_UP_330
Key
3
IR_RX
3
HD ACTIVE
4
Ground
4
PULL_UP_330
5
IR_TX
Table F-6. HDD LED
Table F-5. IRDA Connector
Key lock/Power LED
Auxiliary 12V CPU Fan Power
Pin
Signal Name
1
2
Ground
+12 V (fused)
3
Ground
Table F-7. CPU Fan Connector
Pin
Signal Name
1
2
LED_PWR
Key
3
Ground
4
KEY LOCK
5
Ground
Table F-8. Key Lock/Power LED Connector
Speaker Connector
Pin
Signal Name
1
2
SPKR_DAT
Key
3
SPKR_DAT onnect
4
Ground
Table F-9. Speaker Connector
Reset Connector
Pin
Signal Name
1
2
Ground
RESET
Table F-10. Reset connector
I/O CONNECTORS
AT Keyboard Connector (J8k1)
Pin
Signal Name
1
2
Clock
Data
3
No Connect
4
Ground
5
Vcc (fused)
Table F-11. Keyboard Connector
Serial Ports (j7k1, j7k2)
IDE Connectors (j6h1, j6h2)
Signal Name
Pin
Pin
Signal Name
Reset IDE
Host Data 7
1
3
2
4
Ground
Host Data 8
Host Data 6
5
6
Host Data 9
Host Data 5
7
8
Host Data 10
Host Data 4
9
10
Host Data 11
Host Data 3
11
12
Host Data 12
Host Data 2
13
14
Host Data 13
Host Data 1
15
16
Host Data 14
Host Data 0
17
18
Host Data 15
Pin
Signal Name
Ground
19
20
Key
1
2
DCD
DSR
DRQ3
21
22
Ground
I/O Write-
23
24
Ground
3
Serial In - (SIN)
I/O Read-
25
26
Ground
4
RTS
IOCHRDY
27
28
BALE
5
Serial Out - (SOUT)
DACK3-
29
30
Ground
6
CTS
IRQ14
31
32
IOCS16-
7
DTR
Addr 1
33
34
Ground
8
RI
Addr 0
35
32
Addr 2
9
GND
Chip Select 0-
37
38
Chip Select 1-
N.C.
Activity
39
40
Ground
10
Figure F-9. Serial Connectorr
Parallel Port (j9e1)
Figure F-10 IDE Connectors
FLoppy Connector (j9c1)
Signal Name
Pin
Pin
Signal Name
Signal Name
Pin
Pin
Signal Name
STROBEData Bit 0
1
3
2
4
AUTO FEEDERROR-
Ground
Ground
1
3
2
4
FDHDIN
Reserved
Data Bit 1
5
6
INIT-
Key
5
6
FDEDIN
Data Bit 2
7
8
SLCT IN-
Ground
7
8
Index-
Data Bit 3
9
10
Ground
Ground
9
10
Motor Enable A-
Data Bit 4
11
12
Ground
Ground
11
12
Drive Select B-
Data Bit 5
13
14
Ground
Ground
13
14
Drive Select A-
Data Bit 6
15
16
Ground
Ground
15
16
Motor Enable B-
Data Bit 7
17
18
Ground
Ground
17
18
DIR-
ACJ-
19
20
Ground
Ground
19
20
STEP-
BUSY
21
22
Ground
Ground
21
22
Write Data-
PE (Paper End)
23
24
Ground
Ground
23
24
Write Gate-
26
N.C.
Ground
25
26
Track 00-
Ground
27
28
Write Protect-
Ground
29
30
Read Data-
Ground
31
32
Side 1 Select-
Ground
33
34
Diskette
SLCT
Table F-11 Parallel Ports
Table F-12. Floppy Connector
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 20
ISA CONNECTORS (J1G1, J2G1, J2G2, J3G1)
Signal Name
Pin
Pin
Signal Name
GND
RSTDRV
B1
B2
A1
A2
IOCHKSD7
Vcc
B3
A3
SD6
IRQ9
B4
A4
SD5
-5V
B5
A5
SD4
DRQ2
B6
A6
SD3
-12V
B7
A7
SD2
0WS-
B8
A8
SD1
+12V
B9
A9
SD0
GND
B1
A1
IOCHRDY
SMEMW-
B1
A1
AEN
SMEMR-
B1
A1
SA19
IOW-
B1
A1
SA18
IOR-
B1
A1
SA17
DACK3-
B1
A1
SA16
DRQ3
B1
A1
SA15
DACK1-
B1
A1
SA14
DRQ1
B1
A1
SA13
REFRESH-
B1
A1
SA12
SYSCLK
B2
A2
SA11
IRQ7
B2
A2
SA10
IRQ6
B2
A2
SA9
IRQ5
B2
A2
SA8
IRQ4
B2
A2
SA7
IRQ3
B2
A2
SA6
DACK2-
B2
A2
SA5
TC
B2
A2
SA4
BALE
B2
A2
SA3
Vcc
B2
A2
SA2
OSC
B3
A3
SA1
GND
B3
A3
SA0
KE
KE
MEMCS16-
D1
C1
SBHE-
IOCS16-
D2
C2
LA23
IRQ10
D3
C3
LA22
IRQ11
D4
C4
LA21
IRQ12
D5
C5
LA20
IRQ15
D6
C6
LA19
IRQ14
D7
C7
LA18
DACK0-
D8
C8
LA17
DRQ0
D9
C9
MEMR-
DACK5-
D1
C1
MEMW-
DRQ5
D1
C1
SD8
DACK6-
D1
C1
SD9
DRQ6
D1
C1
SD10
DACK7-
D1
C1
SD11
DRQ7
D1
C1
SD12
Vcc
D1
C1
SD13
Master-
D1
C1
SD14
GND
D1
C1
SD15
Table F-13. ISA Connector
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 21
PCI CONNECTORS (J4G1, J5G1, J5G2)
Signal Name
Pin
Pin
Signal Name
Signal Name
Pin
Pin
Signal Name
GND
+12V
A1
A2
B1
B2
-12V
No Connect
AD16
3.3V
A32
A33
B32
B33
AD17
CBE2-
No Connect
A3
B3
GND
FRAME-
A34
B34
GND
No Connect
A4
B4
No Connect
GND
A35
B35
IRDY-
Vcc
A5
B5
Vcc
TRDY-
A32
B32
3.3V
PCIINT3-
A6
B6
Vcc
GND
A37
B37
DEVSEL-
PCIINT1-
A7
B7
PCIINT2-
STOP-
A38
B38
GND
Vcc
A8
B8
PCIINT4-
3.3V
A39
B39
PLOCKPERR-
Reserved
A9
B9
No Connect
SDONE
A40
B40
Vcc
A10
B10
Reserved
SBO-
A41
B41
3.3V
Reserved
A11
B11
No Connect
GND
A42
B42
SERR-
GND
A12
B12
GND
PAR
A43
B43
3.3V
GND
A13
B13
GND
AD15
A44
B44
CBE1AD14
Reserved
A14
B14
Reserved
3.3V
A45
B45
SPCIRST-
A15
B15
GND
AD13
A46
B46
GND
Vcc
A16
B16
PCLKE
AD11
A47
B47
AD12
AGNT-
A17
B17
GND
GND
A48
B48
AD10
GND
A18
B18
REQA-
AD9
A49
B49
GND
Reserved
A19
B19
Vcc
KEY
A50
B50
KEY
AD30
A20
B20
AD31
KEY
A51
B51
KEY
3.3V
A21
B21
AD29
CBEO-
A52
B52
AD8
AD28
A22
B22
GND
3.3V
A53
B53
AD7
AD26
A23
B23
AD27
AD6
A54
B54
3.3V
AD5
GND
A24
B24
AD25
AD4
A55
B55
AD24
A25
B25
3.3V
GND
A56
B56
AD3
AD22 (IDSEL)
A26
B26
CBE3-
AD2
A57
B57
GND
AD1
3.3V
A27
B27
AD23
AD0
A58
B58
AD22
A28
B28
GND
Vcc
A59
B59
Vcc
AD20
A29
B29
AD21
SREQ64-
A60
B60
SACK64-
GND
A30
B30
AD19
Vcc
A61
B61
Vcc
AD18
A31
B31
3.3V
Vcc
A62
B62
Vcc
Table F-14. PCI Connectors
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 22
Appendix G − BIOS Setup
OVERVIEW OF THE SETUP MENU SCREENS
The Setup program initially displays the Main menu screen. In each screen there are options for modifying the system
configuration. Select a menu screen by pressing the left <← > or right <→ > arrow keys. Use the up <↑> or down <↓> keys
to select items in a screen. Use <Enter> to select an item for modification. For certain items, pressing <Enter> will bring up
a submenu. After you have selected an item, use the arrow keys to modify the setting.
Setup Menu Screen
Main
Advanced
Security
Exit
Setup Submenu
Hard Disk Configuration
Boot Options
Peripheral Configuration
Advanced Chipset Configuration
Power Management
Configuration
Plug and Play Configuration
Description
For setting up and modifying some of the basic options of a PC, such as time, date, diskette
drives, hard drives.
For modifying the more advanced features of a PC, such as peripheral configuration and
advanced chipset configuration.
For specifying passwords that can be used to limit access to the system.
For saving or discarding changes.
Description
For configuring your hard drives.
For modifying options that affect the system boot up, such as the boot sequence.
For modifying options that affect the serial ports, the parallel port, and the disk drive
interfaces.
For modifying options that affect memory and system busses.
For accessing and modifying Advanced Power Management (APM) options.
For modifying options that affect the system’s plug and play capabilities.
Table G-1. Set Up Screen For BIOS
OVERVIEW OF THE SETUP KEYS
Setup Key
<F1>
<Esc>
<Enter>
<↑>
<↓>
<← > <→ >
<F5>
<F6>
<F10>
Description
Pressing the <F1> key brings up a help screen for the currently selected item if available.
Pressing the <Esc> key takes you back to the previous screen. Pressing <esc> in the Main,
Advanced, Security, or Exit screen allows you to Exit Discarding Changes (see later in this
chapter).
Pressing the <Enter> key selects the current item or option.
Pressing the up <↑> key changes the selection to the previous item or option.
Pressing the down <↓> key changes the selection the to the next item or option.
Pressing the left <← > or right <→ > keys in the Main, Advanced, Security, or Exit menu
screens changes the menu selection. Pressing either key in a submenu does nothing.
Pressing the <F5> key allows you to Load Setup Defaults (see later in this chapter).
Pressing the <F6> key allows you to Discard Changes (see later in this chapter).
Pressing the <F10> key allows you to Exit Saving Changes (see later in this chapter).
Table G-2. Overview of Special Purpose Keys For Setup
MAIN SCREEN
This section describes the Setup options found on the main menu screen. If you select certain options from the main screen
(e.g, Hard Disk), the Setup program will switch to a submenu for the selected option. Submenus are described in the
sections following the description of the main screen options.
System Date
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to specify the current date.
System Time
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to specify the current time.
Floppy Options
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 23
When selected, this brings up the Floppy Options submenu.
Hard Disk 0:, 1:, 2:, 3:
This reports if a hard disk is connected to the system. When selected, this brings up the Hard Disk Configuration
submenu.
Language
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to specify the language of the text strings used in the Setup
program and the BIOS. The options are any installed languages. If no additional languages have been installed, this
item will not appear.
Boot Options
When selected, this brings up the Boot Options screen.
Video Mode
This reports the video mode. This is informational only, and there are no options.
Mouse
This reports if a mouse is installed or not. This is informational only, and there are no options.
Base Memory
This reports the amount of base memory. This is informational only, and there are no options.
Extended Memory
This reports the amount of extended memory. This is informational only, and there are no options.
FLOPPY OPTIONS SUBMENU
Floppy A: Type
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to specify the physical size and capacity of the diskette drive.
The options are Disabled, 360 KB, 5.25-inch; 1.2 MB, 5.25-inch; 720 KB, 3.5-inch; 1.44 MB, 3.5-inch; 2.88 MB, 3.5inch. The default is 1.44 MB, 3.5-inch.
Floppy B: Type
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to specify the physical size and capacity of the diskette drive.
The options are Disabled, 360 KB, 5.25-inch; 1.2 MB, 5.25-inch; 720 KB, 3.5-inch; 1.44 MB, 3.5-inch; 2.88 MB, 3.5inch. The default is Disabled.
HARD DISK CONFIGURATION SUBMENU
Hard Disk Type
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to manually configure your hard drive or have the system
auto configure it. The options are Auto Configured and User Definable. The default is Auto Configured. If you select
User Definable then the Number of Cylinders, Number of Heads, and Number of Sectors items can be modified.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 24
Number of Cylinders
If Hard Disk Type is set to User Definable, you must type the correct number of cylinders for your hard disk. If Hard
Disk Type is set to Auto Configured, this reports the number of cylinders for your hard disk and cannot be modified.
Number of Heads
If Hard Disk Type is set to User Definable, you must type the correct number of heads for your hard disk. If Hard Disk
Type is set to Auto Configured, this reports the number of heads for your hard disk and cannot be modified.
Number of Sectors
If Hard Disk Type is set to User Definable, you must type the correct number of sectors for your hard disk. If Hard Disk
Type is set to Auto Configured, this reports the number of sectors for your hard disk and cannot be modified.
Maximum Capacity
This reports the maximum capacity of your hard disk. It is calculated from the number of cylinders, heads, and sectors.
This is informational only, and there are no options here.
Initialization Timeout
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to specify the amount of time the system allows for autoconfiguring an IDE drive before reporting that a drive is not present. The options are Disabled, 5, 10, or 31 seconds.
The default setting for drive C: is 5 seconds, and the default for drives D:, E:, and F: is Disabled. To decrease boot-up
time, you can set the time-out specification to Disabled for any drive not in the system. Furthermore, many hard drives
do not require 5 seconds for auto-configuration. You may try setting the time-out to Disabled for a hard drive in your
system. When set to Disabled, the system will try to auto-configure your drive once. If you set the time-out to Disabled
and the drive is not detected, reset the time-out to a higher setting.
IDE Translation Mode
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to specify the IDE translation mode. The options are
Standard CHS (standard cylinder head sector — less than 1024 cylinders), Logical Block Addressing (LBA), Extended
CHS (extended cylinder head sector — greater than 1024 cylinders), and Auto Detected (BIOS detects IDE drive
support for LBA). The default is Auto-detected.
Do not change this from the option selected when the hard drive was formatted. Changing the option may result in
corrupted data or drive not properly recognized.
Multiple Sector Setting
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the IDE programmed I/O cycles so that multiple
sectors are transferred in a single block. This only affects drives connected to the ISA/IDE connector. The options are
Disabled, 4 Sectors/Block, 8 Sectors/Block, or Auto Detected. The default is Auto Detected. Check the specifications
for your hard disk drive to determine which setting will provide the optimum performance for your drive.
Fast Programmed I/O Modes
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set how fast transfers on the PCI IDE interface occur. The
options are Disabled or Auto Detected. The default is Auto Detected. If set to Disabled, transfers occur at an unoptimized speed. If set to Auto Detected, transfers occur at the drive’s maximum speed.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 25
BOOT OPTIONS SUBMENU
Boot Sequence
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the order of drives the system uses to find an operating
system to boot from. The following options are available:
C: First, Then A:
The system checks drive C first, followed by drive A.
A: First, Then C:
The system checks drive A first, followed by drive C.
(The above selection allows you to boot from a diskette when necessary.)
C: Only
The system checks drive C and no other drives.
A: Only
The system checks drive A and no other drives.
The default is A: First, Then C:
System Cache
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to enable or disable both the primary and secondary cache
memory. The options are Enabled or Disabled. The default is Enabled.
Boot Speed
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the system’s boot speed. The options are Deturbo and
Turbo. The default is Turbo. If Turbo is selected, boot-up occurs at full speed. If Deturbo is selected, the board operates
at a slower speed (similar to a 25 MHz AT).
Num Lock
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the beginning state of the Num Lock feature on your
keyboard. The options are On and Off. The default is Off.
Setup Prompt
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to turn on the “Press <F1> Key if you want to run Setup”
prompt during the power-up sequence. The options are Enabled and Disabled. The default is Enabled.
Hard Disk Pre-Delay
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the hard disk drive pre-delay. The options are
Disabled, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7 seconds. The default is 3 seconds. When enabled, this option causes the BIOS to wait the
specified time before it first accesses the hard drive. If your system contains a hard drive, and you don’t see the drive
type displayed during boot-up, the hard drive may need more time before it is able to communicate with the controller.
Setting a pre-delay will provide additional time for the hard drive to initialize.
Typematic Rate Programming
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the typematic rates. The options are Default and
Override. The default is Default. Choosing Override enables Typematic Rate Delay and Typematic Rate.
Typematic Rate Delay
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set how long it takes for the key-repeat function to start
when you hold down a key on the keyboard. The options are 250, 500, 750, and 1000 millisecond delays. The default is
250. If Typematic Rate Programming is set to Default, this option will not be visible.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 26
Typematic Rate
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the speed at which characters repeat when you hold
down a key on the keyboard. The higher the number, the faster the characters repeat. The options are 6, 8, 10, 12, 15,
20, 24, and 30 characters per second. The default is 6. If Typematic Rate Programming is set to Default, this option
will not be visible.
ADVANCED SCREEN
This section describes the Setup options found on the Advanced menu screen. If you select certain options from the
Advanced screen (e.g, Peripheral Configuration), the Setup program will switch to a submenu for the selected option.
Submenus are described in the sections following the description of the Advanced screen options.
Processor Type
This reports the CPU type. This is informational only, and there are no options.
Processor Speed
This reports the clock speed of the CPU. This is informational only, and there are no options.
Cache Size
This reports the size of the secondary cache. This is informational only, and there are no options. If no secondary cache
is installed, this field will not be displayed.
Peripheral Configuration
When selected, this brings up the Peripheral Configuration submenu.
Advanced Chipset Configuration
When selected, this brings up the Advanced Chipset Configuration submenu.
Power Management Configuration
When selected and enabled, this brings up the Advanced Power Management (APM) submenu.
Plug and Play Configuration
When selected, this brings up the Plug and Play Configuration submenu.
PERIPHERAL CONFIGURATION SUBMENU
Configuration Mode
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the peripheral configuration yourself, or have the
system do it. The options are Auto and Manual. The default is Auto.
When Auto is selected, the system peripherals are automatically configured during power up. The options below for the
PCI/IDE Interfaces, Floppy Interface, Serial Port 1 and Serial Port 2 Addresses, and the Parallel Port Address can not
be modified. The settings displayed for those options reflect the current state of the hardware, and not necessarily the
state after reboot.
If Manual is selected, the options for the PCI IDE Interfaces, Floppy Interface, Serial Port 1 and Serial Port 2
Addresses, and Parallel Port Address can be explicitly configured.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 27
PCI IDE Interface
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to enable the PCI IDE hard disk interface. The options are
Enabled and Disabled. The default is Enabled. (If Configuration Mode is set to Auto, this option cannot be modified.)
Floppy Interface
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to enable the diskette drive interface. The options are
Enabled and Disabled. The default is Enabled. (If Configuration Mode is set to Auto, this option cannot be modified.)
Serial Port 1 Address
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to select the address of the serial port. The options are
Disabled; COM1, 3F8h; COM2, 2F8h; COM3, 3E8h; and COM4, 2E8h. The default is COM1, 3F8h. If the
Configuration Mode is set to Auto, the Setup program assigns the first free COM port (normally COM1, 3F8h) as the
serial port 1 address, regardless of what is selected under the Serial Port 1 Address option. (If Configuration Mode is
set to Auto, this option cannot be modified.)
If either serial port address is set, the address it is set to will not appear in the options of the other serial port.
Serial Port 2 Address
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to select the address of the serial port. The options are
Disabled; COM1, 3F8h; COM2, 2F8h; COM3, 3E8h; and COM4, 2E8h. The default is COM2, 2F8h. If the
Configuration Mode is set to Auto, the Setup program assigns the first free COM port (normally COM2, 2F8h) as the
serial port 2 address, regardless of what is selected under the Serial Port 2 Address option. (If Configuration Mode is
set to Auto, this option cannot be modified.)
If either serial port address is set, the address it is set to will not appear in the options of the other serial port.
Serial Port 2 IR Mode
When selected, this dedicates Serial Port 2 for infrared applications. Serial Port 2 also can be enabled with software
from application programs. This option is only available when the Configuration Mode is set to Manual.
Parallel Port Address
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to select the address of the parallel port. The options are
Disabled; LPT3, 3bch, IRQ7; LPT1, 378h, IRQ7; LPT1, 378h, IRQ5, and LPT2, 278h, IRQ5. The default is
LPT1, 378h. If the Configuration Mode is set to Auto, the setup program assigns LPT1, 378h, IRQ7 as the parallel port
address, regardless of what is selected under the Parallel Port Address option. (If Configuration Mode is set to Auto,
this option cannot be modified.)
Parallel Port Mode
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to select the mode for the parallel port. The options are
Compatible, Bi-directional, ECP or EPP. The default is Compatible. Compatible means the parallel port will operate in
AT-compatible output mode. Bi-directional means the parallel port will operate in bi-directional PS/2-compatible
mode. EPP/ECP means the parallel port will operate in either ECP or EPP compatible mode, which is the most
advanced mode at which the chipset will operate.
Serial Port 1 IRQ
This reports the IRQ number for serial port 1. This is informational only, and there are no options. If the Serial Port 1
Address field is set to Disabled, this field will not be visible.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 28
Serial Port 2 IRQ
This reports the IRQ number for serial port 2. This is informational only, and there are no options. If the Serial Port 2
Address field is set to Disabled, this field will not be visible.
Parallel Port IRQ
This reports the IRQ number for the parallel port. This is informational only, and there are no options. If the Parallel
Port Address field is set to Disabled, this field will not be visible.
ADVANCED CHIPSET CONFIGURATION SUBMENU
Base Memory Size
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the size of the base memory. The options are 512 KB
and 640 KB. The default is 640 KB.
ISA LFB Size
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the size of the video linear frame buffer. The options
are Disabled or 1 MB. The default is Disabled. If this is not set to Disabled, then the ISA LFB Base Address field will
appear.
ISA LFB Base Address
This reports the base address of the LFB. This is informational only, and there are no options. This field will not appear
if the ISA LFB Size is set to Disabled.
Video Palette Snoop
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to control the ability of a PCI graphics card to “snoop” write
cycles to an ISA graphics card’s color pallet registers. The options are Enabled and Disabled. The default is Disabled.
Note: Some video capture or TV tuner add-in boards may require this feature to be enabled. Depending on hardware
limitations, this item may not appear.
Latency Timer (PCI Clocks)
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to control the time and agent on the PCI bus can hold the
bus when another agent has requested the bus. The valid numbers are between 0 and 256. The default is 66.
PCI Burst
This enables or disables support for PCI/memory burst mode data transfers. The options are Enabled or Disabled. The
default is Enabled. PCI burst mode allows higher throughput of data between the PCI bus and memory. Not all cards
are capable of utilizing this enhanced data transfer mode. Some cards may act unpredictably with PCI burst mode
enabled. If you are having problems with a PCI add in card, PCI Burst mode should be disabled.
SIMM Type Detection
This reports the type of DRAM installed in each of the two memory banks: Fast Page Mode, Extended Data Out Mode,
or None. This is informational only, and there are no options.
POWER MANAGEMENT CONFIGURATION
Power Management Configuration enables or disables the Advanced Power Management (APM) support in your
system’s BIOS. Power Management will only work with APM-capable operating systems to manage power
consumption in your system. If Advanced Power Management is set to Disabled, none of the fields in the Advanced
Power Management submenu will be visible.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 29
IDE Drive Power Down
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set any IDE drives to spin down when the system goes
into power managed mode. The options are Enabled and Disabled. The default is Enabled.
VESA Video Power Down
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the command issued to your graphics card when the
system goes into power managed mode. The command options are Disabled, Standby, Suspend, and Sleep. The default
is Sleep.
Inactivity Timer
This allows you to set how many minutes the system must be inactive before it enters power managed mode. The range
is 0 to 255 minutes. The default is 10 minutes.
Hot Key
This allows you to enter a hot key that, when pressed while holding down the <Ctrl> and <Alt> keys, will cause the
system to enter power managed mode. All alphanumeric keys, punctuation, and spaces are valid.
PLUG AND PLAY CONFIGURATION SUBMENU
Configuration Mode
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set how the BIOS gets information about ISA cards that
do not have plug and play capabilities. The options are Use Setup Utility and Use ICU (ISA Configuration Utility). The
default is Use Setup Utility.
If Use ICU is selected, the BIOS will depend on run-time software to ensure that there are no conflicts between ISA
boards with plug and play capabilities and those without. None of the rest of the items in this submenu will be visible.
If Use Setup Utility is selected, the BIOS will depend on the following items to avoid conflicts.
ISA Shared Memory Size
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the size of ISA shared memory. The options are
Disabled, 16 KB, 32 KB, 48 KB, 64 KB, 80KB, and 96 KB. The default is Disabled. If this is set to Disabled, ISA
Shared Memory Base Address, below, will not be visible.
ISA Shared Memory Base Address
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the base address for the ISA Shared Memory. The
options are C8000h, CC000h, D0000h, D4000h, D8000h, and DC000h. The default is C8000h. This setting may affect
the ISA Shared Memory Size item. The value entered in the ISA Shared Memory Size item cannot extend into the
E0000h address. For example, if a size of 64K was selected, options D4000h, D8000h, and DC000h will not be
available.
Boot With PnP OS
When Enabled is selected, the BIOS will activate only those Plug and Play add-in cards needed to boot the system, then
pass control to the operating system to configure any remaining Plug and Play add-in cards. The default is Disabled,
but this feature should be set to Enabled for use with Windows 95..
IRQ 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the status of the IRQ. The options are Available and
Used By ISA Card. The default is Available. The PCI auto-configuration code looks here to see if these interrupts are
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 30
available. If an interrupt is available, the PCI auto-configuration code can assign the interrupt to be used by the system.
If your system contains an ISA agent that uses one of these interrupts, select Used By ISA Card for that interrupt.
Some of these interrupts may not be displayed if they already have been assigned to other peripherals, such as IRQ 3
and IRQ 4, which are normally used by the serial ports, and IRQ 7 for the parallel port, and IRQ12 for the mouse port.
Note: One IRQ is required for PCI devices. When selecting IRQs for use by ISA the BIOS will not allow you to select
all IRQs as used by ISA.
Note: IRQ 14 and IRQ 15 will not show up on the list of available IRQs, even when the on board IDE controllers are
disabled. If the on board IDE controllers are not used, these IRQs may be used for ISA cards, even though they do not
show up on the menu. These interrupts will not be used by PCI devices other than the IDE controllers, as they must
remain available for bootable devices.
SECURITY SCREEN
This section describes the two access modes that can be set using the options found on the Security screen, and then
describes the Security screen options themselves.
ADMINISTRATIVE AND USER ACCESS MODES
The options on the Security screen menu make it possible to restrict access to the Setup program by allowing you to set
passwords for two different access modes: Administrative mode and User mode.
In general, Administrative mode has full access to the Setup options, whereas User mode has restricted access to the
options. Thus, by setting separate Administrative and User passwords, a system administrator can limit who can change
critical Setup values. The actual limitations depend on whether either the Administrative or User passwords or both are
set.
If you want to limit access to who can boot the system, you must set the User password. This is the password that the
system will ask for before booting. If only the Administrative password is set, the system will boot up without asking for
a password. If both passwords are set, you can enter either password to boot the system.
This table shows the effects of setting the Administrative and User passwords. (The table is for reference only, and is
not shown on the Security screen.) In the table, the statement “Can change a limited number of options” means you can
change the system date and time, the User password, and the security hot key.
Password Set
Neither
Administrative only
User only
Both
Administrative mode can:
User mode can:
Change all options*
Change all options*
Change all options
Change a limited number of options
N/A
Change all options
Change all options
Change a limited number of options
Table G-1. Password Settings
* If no password is set, any user can change all Setup options.
Pswd Required at Boot
None
None
User
Administrative or User
SECURITY SCREEN OPTIONS
User Password is
This reports if there is a User password set. This is informational only, and there are no options.
Administrative Password is
This reports if there is an Administrative password set. This is informational only, and there are no options.
Set User Password
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the User password.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 31
Set Administrative Password
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to set the Administrative password.
Unattended Start
When selected, this brings up a dialog box that allows you to control when the security password is requested. The
options are Enabled and Disabled. The default is Disabled. The User password must be enabled before you can enable
this option. If Enabled is selected, the system will boot, but the keyboard will be locked until the User password is
entered.
Security Hot Key (CTRL-ALT-)
This allows you to set a hot key that, when pressed, will lock the keyboard until the User password is entered.
EXIT SCREEN
Exit Saving Changes
When selected, this allows you to save the change to CMOS and exit the Setup program. You can also press the <F10>
key anywhere in the Setup program to do this.
Exit Discarding Changes
When selected, this allows you to exit the Setup program without saving any changes. This means that any changes
made while in the Setup program will be discarded and NOT SAVED. Pressing the <Esc> key in any of the four main
screens will do this.
Load Setup Defaults
When selected, this allows you to reset all of the setup options to their defaults. You can also press the <F5> key
anywhere in the Setup program to do this. This selection loads the default values from the ROM table.
Discard Changes
When selected, this allows you to discard any changes you made during the current Setup session without exiting the
program. You can also press the <F6> key anywhere in the Setup program to do this. This selection loads the CMOS
values that were present when the system was turned on.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 32
Appendix H − BIOS Recovery
The Advanced/ZE incorporates the AMIBIOS in a Flash memory component. Flash BIOS allows easy upgrades without the
need to replace an EPROM. The upgrade utility fits on a floppy diskette and provides the capability to save, verify, and update
the system BIOS. The upgrade utility also provides the capability to install alternate languages for BIOS messages and the
SETUP utility. The upgrade utility can be run from a hard drive or a network drive, but no memory managers can be installed
during upgrades.
USING THE UPGRADE UTILITY
If the utility is obtained from the bulletin board, UNZIP the archive and copy the files to a bootable MS-DOS 3.3, 4.01, 5.0,
or 6.x diskette. Reboot the system with the upgrade diskette in the bootable floppy drive and follow the directions in the easy
to use menu-driven program.
RECOVERY MODE
In the unlikely event that a FLASH upgrade is interrupted catastrophically, it is possible the BIOS may be left in an
unusable state. Recovering from this condition requires the following steps (be sure a power supply and speaker have been
attached to the board, and a floppy drive is connected as drive A:):
1. Change Flash Recovery jumper to the recovery mode position.
2. Install the bootable upgrade diskette into drive A:
3. Reboot the system.
4. Because of the small amount of code available in the non-erasable boot block area, no video is available to direct the
procedure. The procedure can be monitored by listening to the speaker and looking at the floppy drive LED. When
the system beeps and the floppy drive LED is lit, the system is copying the recovery code into the FLASH device. As
soon as the drive LED goes off, the recovery is complete.
5. Turn the system off.
6. Change the Flash Recovery jumper back to the default position.
7. Leave the upgrade floppy in drive A: and turn the system on.
8. Continue with the original upgrade.
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 33
Appendix I − Error messages and Beep Codes
Errors can occur during POST (Power On Self Test) which is performed every time the system is powered on. Fatal errors,
which prevent the system to continue the boot process, are communicated through a series of audible beeps. Other errors are
displayed in the following format:
ERROR Message Line 1
ERROR Message Line 2
For most displayed error messages, there is only one message. If a second message appears, it is "RUN SETUP". If this
message occurs, press <F1> to run AMIBIOS Setup.
BEEP CODES
Beeps
Error Message
Description
1
2
3
4
Refresh Failure
Parity Error
Base 64 KB Memory Failure
Timer Not Operational
5
6
Processor Error
8042 - Gate A20 Failure
7
8
Processor Exception Interrupt Error
Display Memory Read/Write Error
9
10
11
ROM Checksum Error
CMOS Shutdown Register Rd/Wrt Error
Cache Error / External Cache Bad
The memory refresh circuitry on the baseboard is faulty.
Parity is not supported on this product, will not occur.
Memory failure in the first 64 KB.
Memory failure in the first 64 KB of memory, or Timer 1 on the baseboard is
not functioning.
The CPU on the baseboard generated an error.
The keyboard controller (8042) may be bad. The BIOS cannot switch to
protected mode.
The CPU generated an exception interrupt.
The system video adapter is either missing or its memory is faulty. This is
not a fatal error.
ROM checksum value does not match the value encoded in BIOS.
The shutdown register for CMOS RAM failed.
The external cache is faulty.
Table I-1. Beep Codes
ERROR MESSAGES
Error Message
Explanation
8042 Gate - A20 Error
Address Line Short!
Cache Memory Bad, Do Not Enable Cache!
CH-2 Timer Error
CMOS Battery State Low
Gate A20 on the keyboard controller (8042) is not working. Replace the 8042.
Error in the address decoding circuitry on the baseboard.
Cache memory is defective. Replace it.
Most AT systems include two timers. There is an error in timer 2.
CMOS RAM is powered by a battery. The battery power is low. Replace the
battery.
After CMOS RAM values are saved, a checksum value is generated for error
checking. The previous value is different from the current value. Run AMIBIOS
Setup.
The values stored in CMOS RAM are either corrupt or nonexistent. Run Setup.
The video type in CMOS RAM does not match the type detected by the BIOS.
Run AMIBIOS Setup.
The amount of memory on the baseboard is different than the amount in CMOS
RAM. Run AMIBIOS Setup.
Run Standard CMOS Setup to set the date and time in CMOS RAM.
The boot disk in floppy drive A: is corrupt. It cannot be used to boot the system.
Use another boot disk and follow the screen instructions.
Some systems require a video switch on the baseboard be set to either color or
monochrome. Turn the system off, set the switch, then power on.
Error in the DMA controller.
Error in the first DMA channel.
Error in the second DMA channel.
CMOS Checksum Failure
CMOS System Options Not Set
CMOS Display Type Mismatch
CMOS Memory Size Mismatch
CMOS Time and Date Not Set
Diskette Boot Failure
Display Switch Not Proper
DMA Error
DMA #1 Error
DMA #2 Error
Table I-2. Error Messages
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 34
ERROR MESSAGES (CONT.)
FDD Controller Failure
HDD Controller Failure
INTR #1 Error
INTR #2 Error
Invalid Boot Diskette
Keyboard Is Locked...Unlock It
Keyboard Error
The BIOS cannot communicate with the floppy disk drive controller. Check all appropriate connections
after the system is powered down.
The BIOS cannot communicate with the hard disk drive controller. Check all appropriate connections
after the system is powered down.
Interrupt channel 1 failed POST.
Interrupt channel 2 failed POST.
The BIOS can read the disk in floppy drive A:, but cannot boot the system. Use another boot disk.
The keyboard lock on the system is engaged. The system must be unlocked to continue.
There is a timing problem with the keyboard. Set the Keyboard option in Standard CMOS Setup to
Not Installed to skip the keyboard POST routines.
KB/Interface Error
Off Board Parity Error
There is an error in the keyboard connector.
Parity error in memory installed in an expansion slot. The format is:
OFF BOARD PARITY ERROR ADDR (HEX) = (XXXX)
XXXX is the hex address where the error occurred.
On Board Parity Error
Parity Error ????
Parity is not supported on this product, this error will not occur.
Parity error in system memory at an unknown address.
PLUG AND PLAY ERROR MESSAGES
Bad PNP Serial ID Checksum
Floppy Disk Controller Resource
Conflict
NVRAM Checksum Error, NVRAM
Cleared
NVRAM Cleared by Jumper
NVRAM Data Invalid, NVRAM
Cleared
Parallel Port Resource Conflict
PCI Error Log is Full
PCI I/O Port Conflict
PCI IRQ Conflict
Primary Memory Conflict
Primary Boot Device Not Found
Primary IDE Controller Resource
Conflict
Primary Input Device not Found
Secondary IDE Controller Resource
Conflict
Serial Port 1 Resource Conflict
Serial Port 2 Resource Conflict
Static Device Resource Conflict
System Board Device Resource
Conflict
The serial ID checksum of a Plug and Play card was invalid.
The floppy disk controller has requested a resource that is already in use.
The ESCD data was reinitialized because of an NVRAM checksum error. Try rerunning the ICU.
The "Clear CMOS" switch has been moved to the ON position and CMOS RAM has been cleared.
Invalid entry in the ESCD area.
The parallel port has requested a resource that is already in use.
This message is displayed when more than 15 PCI conflict errors are detected. No additional PCI
errors can be logged.
Two devices requested the same resource, resulting in a conflict.
Two devices requested the same resource, resulting in a conflict.
Two devices requested the same resource, resulting in a conflict.
The designated primary boot device (hard disk drive, diskette drive, etc.) could not be found.
The primary IDE controller has requested a resource that is already in use.
The designated primary input device (keyboard, mouse, or other, if input is redirected) could not be
found.
The secondary IDE controller has requested a resource that is already in use.
Serial port 1 has requested a resource that is already in use.
Serial port 2 has requested a resource that is already in use.
A non-Plug and Play ISA card has requested a resource that is already in use.
A non Plug and Play system resource has requested a resource that is already in use.
Table I-3. Plug and Play Error Messages
ISA NMI MESSAGES
ISA NMI Message
Explanation
Memory Parity Error at xxxxx
Memory failed. If the memory location can be determined, it is displayed as xxxxx. If not, the message
is Memory Parity Error ????.
An expansion card failed. If the address can be determined, it is displayed as xxxxx. If not, the
message is I/O Card Parity Error ????.
I/O Card Parity Error at xxxxx
DMA Bus Time-out
A device has driven the bus signal for more than 7.8 microseconds.
Table I-4. ISA NMI Messages
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 35
Appendix J − Environmental Standards
Parameter
Condition
Specification
Non-Operating
Operating
-40oC to +70oC
+0oC to +55oC
Temperature
Humidity
Shock
Non-Operating
Operating
Non-Operating
92% Relative Humidity max. @ 36oC
80% Relative Humidity max. @ 36°C
30.0G, 11ms, 1/2 sine
Table J-1. Environmental standards
Appendix K − Reliability Data
The Mean-Time-Between-Failures (MTBF) data is calculated from predicted data @ 55°
Advanced/ZP baseboard
Advanced/ZP Technical Product Summary •Page 36
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