Verizon MBR1515LVW Specifications

LTE Broadband 11n Wireless
Router MBR1515
User M anua l
350 East Plumeria Drive
San Jose, CA 95134
USA
November 2012
202-11102-01
v1.0
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Support
Thank you for choosing NETGEAR. To register your product, get the latest product updates, get support online, or
for more information about the topics covered in this manual, visit the support website at
http://support.netgear.com.
Phone (US & Canada only): 1-888-NETGEAR.
Phone (Other Countries): Check the list of phone numbers at
http://support.netgear.com/general/contact/default.aspx.
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into any language in any form or by any means without the written permission of NETGEAR, Inc.
NETGEAR, the NETGEAR logo, and Connect with Innovation are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of
NETGEAR, Inc. and/or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other countries. Information is subject to change
without notice. Other brand and product names are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective
holders. NETGEAR, Inc. All rights reserved.
2
Contents
Chapter 1 Hardware Setup
Hardware Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Router Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Router Back Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Router Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Insert the SIM Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Position Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Chapter 2 Getting Started with NETGEAR genie
Router Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Use Standard TCP/IP Properties for DHCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Wireless Devices and Security Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Types of Logins and Access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
NETGEAR genie Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Use the NETGEAR genie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Router Dashboard (BASIC Home Screen) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Add Wireless Devices or Computers to Your Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Manual Method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Chapter 3 NETGEAR genie BASIC Settings
Internet Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Internet Setup Screen Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Wireless Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Wireless Settings Screen Fields. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Change WPA Security Option and Passphrase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Attached Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Parental Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Chapter 4 NETGEAR genie ADVANCED Home
WPS Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Setup Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Broadband Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Mobile Broadband Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
WAN Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Default DMZ Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Change the MTU Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
LAN Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
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LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
LAN Setup Screen Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Use the Router as a DHCP Server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Address Reservation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Quality of Service Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Chapter 5 Security
Keyword Blocking of HTTP Traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Block Services (Port Filtering) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Schedule Blocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Security Event Email Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Chapter 6 Administration
Router Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Backup Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Back Up Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Restore Configuration Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Erase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Set Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Password Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Router Upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Module Upgrade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Chapter 7 Advanced Settings
SIM Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Wireless Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Wireless Repeating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Wireless Repeating Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Set Up the Base Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Set Up a Repeater Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Port Forwarding and Port Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Remote Computer Access Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Port Triggering to Open Incoming Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Port Forwarding to Permit External Host Communications . . . . . . . . . . 71
How Port Forwarding Differs from Port Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Set Up Port Forwarding to Local Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Set Up Port Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Dynamic DNS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Static Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Remote Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Universal Plug and Play . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Traffic Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
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LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Chapter 8 Troubleshooting
Basic Functioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Troubleshoot Access to the Router Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Troubleshoot the ISP Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Connect to the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Troubleshoot Internet Browsing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Troubleshoot a TCP/IP Network Using the Ping Utility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Test the LAN Path to Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Test the Path from Your Computer to a Remote Device . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Problems with Date and Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Restore the Default Configuration and Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Appendix A Supplemental Information
Factory Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Appendix B Wall-Mounting
Appendix C Notification of Compliance
Index
5
1.
Hardware Setup
1
G et t i n g to k now you r router
The LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515 provides you with an easy and secure way
to set up a wireless home network with fast access to the Internet over the high-speed Verizon
4G LTE wireless network. It lets you block unsafe Internet content and applications and protects
the devices (computers, gaming consoles, and so on) that you connect to your home network.
If you have not already set up your new router using the installation guide that comes in the box,
this chapter walks you through the hardware setup. Chapter 3, NETGEAR genie BASIC
Settings, explains how to set up your Internet connection.
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Hardware Features
•
Insert the SIM Card
•
Position Your Router
For more information about the topics covered in this manual, visit the support website at
http://support.netgear.com/general/contact/default.aspx.
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LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Hardware Features
This section outlines the physical aspects of your router.
Position your router upright. Place the router near an AC power outlet in a location where you
can connect the cables you need for your home network. The router must also be located
where you can receive a strong mobile broadband signal while indoors if you are planning to
connect to the Internet using mobile broadband.
Router Front Panel
The router front panel contains control buttons and status LEDs. Use the LEDs to verify
status and connections.
WPS
Mobile Broadband/WiFi On/Off
Power
Internet
WiFi
LAN
Ethernet WAN
4G LTE
Signal Quality
Hardware Setup
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LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Table 1 describes each LED and button on the front panel of the router.
Table 1. LED descriptions
LED
Activity
Description
WPS
Press the WPS button to open a 2-minute window for the router to connect with other
WPS-enabled devices. For more information about this function, see Wi-Fi Protected Setup
(WPS) Method on page 17.
Wireless On/Off This button can be used to control the WiFi radio or both the WiFi radio and mobile broadband
radio. Use the router interface to select the options. The default is set for WiFi radio only.
Power
Internet
Solid green
The router is turned on and operating normally.
Solid amber
There has been a power-on self-test failure or device failure.
Off
Power is not supplied to the router.
Solid green
An Internet connection is established.
Blinking green
Data is being transmitted over the Internet connection.
Blinking green and amber There has been a failover from WAN to mobile broadband.
WiFi
LAN
WAN
4G LTE
Off
No Internet connection is detected.
Solid blue
The WiFi local port is initialized.
Blinking blue
Data is being transmitted or received over the WiFi link.
Off
The wireless access point is turned off.
Solid green
The local Ethernet ports have detected wired links with computers.
Blinking
Data is being transmitted or received.
Off
No link is detected on the Ethernet LAN ports.
Solid green
The Ethernet WAN port has detected an active link.
Blinking
Data is being transmitted or received.
Off
No link is detected on the Ethernet WAN port.
Solid blue
The router is in 4G LTE coverage.
Off
No coverage is detected.
Hardware Setup
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LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Table 1. LED descriptions (continued)
LED
Activity
Description
Signal Quality
Solid blue
Excellent coverage is detected.
Solid green
Good coverage is detected.
Solid amber
Low coverage is detected.
Off
No coverage is detected.
Router Back Panel
The back panel of the router contains port connections.
Ethernet WAN port
Ethernet LAN ports
Slot for SIM card
Power On/Off button
Power adapter input
Hardware Setup
9
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Router Label
The label on the side of the router shows the router’s MAC address, serial number, security
PIN, IMEI or ESN number, and factory default login information. It also contains the SSID and
passphrase that are unique to each router.
Default access address, user name,
and password
Restore
Factory
Settings:
Press for
6 seconds
Direction of SIM card insertion
Router label
with unique
SSID and
passphrase
Router information
- WPS security PIN
- IMEI or ESN number
- Serial number
- MAC address
Restore Factory Locate the small hole outlined in red on the side of the router. Insert a paperclip into the hole
Settings
and press for 6 seconds. Pressing the Restore Factory Settings button causes the Power
LED to blink briefly. After the button is held down for more than 6 seconds, the Power LED
flashes amber and turns green as the router resets to the factory defaults.
Hardware Setup
10
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Insert the SIM Card
If your router did not come with a SIM already installed, then gently insert an active Verizon
SIM card into the SIM card slot on the back of the router. You should hear a “click” sound
when the SIM card has been inserted properly. The SIM card can be acquired from your
authorized Verizon wireless retailer.
Position Your Router
The router lets you access your network from anywhere within the operating range of your
wireless network. However, the operating distance or range of your wireless connection can
vary significantly depending on the physical placement of your router. For example, the
thickness and number of walls the wireless signal passes through can limit the range.
Use the Signal Quality LED on the front panel to position the router for best signal strength.
Also for best results, place your router:
•
On an upper floor of a multifloor home or office.
•
Close to a window but avoiding direct sunlight. A window location gives the best
conditions for receiving a strong 4G signal strength.
•
Near the center of the area where your computers and other devices operate, and
preferably within line of sight to your wireless devices.
•
So it is accessible to an AC power outlet and near Ethernet cables for wired computers.
•
In an elevated location such as a high shelf, keeping the number of walls and ceilings
between the router and your other devices to a minimum.
Hardware Setup
11
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
•
Away from electrical devices that are potential sources of interference, such as ceiling
fans, home security systems, microwaves, computers, or the base of a cordless phone or
2.4 GHz cordless phone.
•
Away from any large metal surfaces, such as a solid metal door or aluminum studs. Large
expanses of other materials such as glass, insulated walls, fish tanks, mirrors, brick, and
concrete can also affect your wireless signal.
When you use multiple access points, it is better if adjacent access points use different radio
frequency channels to reduce interference. The recommended channel spacing between
adjacent access points is 5 channels (for example, use Channels 1 and 6, or 6 and 11).
Hardware Setup
12
2.
Getting Started with NETGEAR genie
Con n e ct i n g to the router
2
This chapter explains how to use NETGEAR genie to set up your router after you complete
cabling as described in the installation guide and in the previous chapter in this book.
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Router Setup
•
Types of Logins and Access
•
NETGEAR genie Setup
•
Use the NETGEAR genie
•
Router Dashboard (BASIC Home Screen)
•
Add Wireless Devices or Computers to Your Network
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LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Router Setup
The router comes with a default configuration. If you want to change from the default
configuration, you can use the NETGEAR genie menus and screens to set up your router
manually. However, before you start the setup process, you have to have your ISP
information available and make sure the laptops, computers, and other devices in the
network have the settings described here.
Use Standard TCP/IP Properties for DHCP
If you set up your computer to use a static IP address, you need to change the settings so
that it uses Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).
Wireless Devices and Security Settings
Make sure that the wireless device or computer that you are using supports WPA or WPA2
wireless security, which is the wireless security supported by the router.
Types of Logins and Access
This router has separate types of logins that have different purposes. It is important that you
understand the difference so that you know which login to use when.
•
Router login logs you in to the router interface from NETGEAR genie. See Use the
NETGEAR genie on page 15 for details about this login.
•
Wireless network key or password. Your router is preset with a unique wireless
network name (SSID) and password for wireless access. This information is on the label
on the bottom of your router.
NETGEAR genie Setup
NETGEAR genie runs on any device with a web browser.

To use NETGEAR genie to set up your router:
1. Turn the router on by pressing the On/Off button, if not done yet.
2. Make sure that your device is connected with an Ethernet cable (wired) or wirelessly (with
the preset security settings listed on the bottom label) to your router.
3. Launch your Internet browser.
• If this session is the first time you are setting up the Internet connection for your
router, the browser automatically goes to http://192.168.0.1, and the NETGEAR genie
screen displays.
Getting Started with NETGEAR genie
14
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
•
If you already used the NETGEAR genie, type http://192.168.0.1 in the address field
for your browser to display the NETGEAR genie screen. See Use the NETGEAR
genie on page 15.
If the browser cannot display the web page:
•
Make sure that the computer is connected to one of the four LAN Ethernet ports, or
wirelessly to the router.
•
Make sure that the router is ready to use. Its Power LED should light.
•
Close and reopen the browser to make sure that the browser does not cache the
previous page.
•
Browse to http://192.168.0.1.
•
If the computer is set to a static or fixed IP address (this type of setting is uncommon),
change the setting to obtain an IP address automatically from the router.
If the router does not connect to the Internet:
1. Review your settings to be sure that you have selected the correct options and typed
everything correctly.
2. Contact your ISP to verify that you have the correct configuration information.
3. Read Chapter 8, Troubleshooting. If problems persist, register your NETGEAR product and
contact NETGEAR technical support.
Use the NETGEAR genie
You can use NETGEAR genie if you want to view or change settings for the router.
1. Launch your browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the router.
2. Type http://192.168.0.1.
The login screen displays:
admin
********
3. Enter admin for the router user name and password for the router password, both in
lowercase letters.
Getting Started with NETGEAR genie
15
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Note: The router user name and password are different from the user name
and password for logging in to your Internet connection. See Types of Logins
and Access on page 14 for more information.
Router Dashboard (BASIC Home Screen)
The router BASIC Home screen has a dashboard that lets you see the status of your Internet
connection and network at a glance. You can click any of the four sections of the dashboard
to view more detailed information. The left column has the menus, and at the top is an
ADVANCED tab that is used to access more menus and screens.
Menus (Click the ADVANCED tab to view more)
Dashboard (Click to view details)
Help
•
Home. This dashboard screen displays when you log in to the router.
•
Internet. Set, update, and check the ISP settings of your router.
•
Wireless. View or change the wireless settings for your router.
•
Attached Devices. View the devices connected to your network.
•
Parental Controls. Download and set up parental controls to prevent objectionable
content from reaching your computers.
•
ADVANCED tab. Set the router up for unique situations such as when remote access by
IP or by domain name from the Internet is needed. See Chapter 7, Advanced Settings.
Using this tab requires a solid understanding of networking concepts.
Getting Started with NETGEAR genie
16
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
•
Help & Support. Go to the NETGEAR support site for information, help, and product
documentation. These links work once you have an Internet connection.
Add Wireless Devices or Computers to Your Network
Choose either the manual or the WPS method to add wireless devices and other equipment
to your wireless network.
Manual Method

To connect manually:
1. Open the software that manages your wireless connections on the wireless device
(laptop computer, gaming device, iPhone) that you want to connect to your router. This
software scans for all wireless networks in your area.
2. Look for your network and select it. If you did not change the name of your network during
the setup process, look for the default WiFi network name (SSID) and select it. The default
SSID is on the product label on the bottom of the router.
3. Enter the router password and click Connect. The default router passphrase is on the
product label on the bottom of the router.
4. Repeat steps 1–3 to add other wireless devices.
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) Method
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is a standard for easily adding computers and other devices to
a home network while maintaining security. To use WPS, make sure that all wireless devices
to be connected to the network are Wi-Fi certified and support WPS. During the connection
process, the client gets the security settings from the router so that every device in the
network has the same security settings.

To use WPS to join the wireless network:
If your wireless device supports WPS (Push 'N' Connect), follow these steps:
1. Press the WPS button on the router front panel.
2. Within 2 minutes, press the WPS button on your wireless device, or follow the WPS
instructions that came with the device. The device is now connected to your router.
3. Repeat steps 1–2 to add other WPS wireless devices.
Getting Started with NETGEAR genie
17
3.
NETGEAR genie BASIC Settings
You r I nternet c on n e ct ion a nd n et work
3
This chapter explains the features available from the NETGEAR genie BASIC Home screen,
shown in the following figure:
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Internet Setup
•
Wireless Settings
•
Attached Devices
•
Parental Controls
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LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Internet Setup
The Internet Setup screen is where you view or change ISP information.
1. From the Home screen, select Internet. The following screen displays:
The fields that display in the Internet Setup screen depend on whether your Internet
connection requires a login.
•
Yes. Select the encapsulation method and enter the login name. If you want to
change the login time-out, enter a new value in minutes.
•
No. Enter the account and domain names, only if needed.
2. Enter the settings for the IP address and DNS server. The default settings usually work fine.
If you have problems with your connection, check the ISP settings.
3. Click Apply to save your settings.
4. Click Test to test your Internet connection. If the NETGEAR website does not display within
1 minute, see Chapter 8, Troubleshooting.
Internet Setup Screen Fields
The following descriptions explain all of the possible fields in the Internet Setup screen.
Which fields display in this screen depends on whether an ISP login is required.
Does Your ISP Require a Login? Answer either yes or no.
These fields display when no login is required:
•
Account Name (If required). Enter the account name provided by your ISP. This name
might also be called the host name.
•
Domain Name (If required). Enter the domain name provided by your ISP.
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These fields display when your ISP requires a login:
•
Login. The login name provided by your ISP. This name is often an email address.
•
Password. The password that you use to log in to your ISP.
•
Idle Timeout (In minutes). If you want to change the login timeout, enter a new value in
minutes. This value determines how long the router keeps the Internet connection active
after no Internet activity from the LAN. Entering a value of 0 (zero) means never log out.
Internet IP Address.
•
Get Dynamically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your IP address. Your ISP
automatically assigns these addresses.
•
Use Static IP Address. Enter the IP address, IP subnet mask, and the gateway IP
address that your ISP assigned. The gateway is the ISP router to which your router
connects.
Domain Name Server (DNS) Address. The DNS server is used to look up site addresses
based on their names.
•
Get Automatically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your ISP
automatically assigns this address.
•
Use These DNS Servers. If you know that your ISP does not automatically transmit DNS
addresses to the router during login, select this option, and enter the IP address of your
ISP primary DNS server. If a secondary DNS server address is available, enter it also.
Router MAC Address. The Ethernet MAC address used by the router on the Internet port.
Some ISPs register the MAC address of the network interface card in your computer when
your account is first opened. They then accept traffic only from the MAC address of that
computer. This feature allows your router to use your computer’s MAC address (this process
is also called cloning).
•
Use Default Address. Use the default MAC address.
•
Use Computer MAC Address. The router captures and uses the MAC address of the
computer that you are now using. You have to use the one computer that is allowed by
the ISP.
•
Use This MAC Address. Enter the MAC address that you want to use.
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Wireless Settings
The Wireless Settings screen lets you view or configure the wireless network setup.
The router comes with preset security. This means that the WiFi network name (SSID),
network key (password), and security option (encryption protocol) are preset in the factory.
You can find the preset SSID and password on the bottom of the unit.
Note: The preset SSID and password are uniquely generated for every
device to protect and maximize your wireless security.
NETGEAR recommends that you do not change your preset security settings. If you do
decide to change your preset security settings, make a note of the new settings and store it in
a safe place where you can easily find it.
If you use a wireless computer to change the wireless network name (SSID) or other wireless
security settings, you are disconnected when you click Apply. To avoid this problem, use a
computer with a wired connection to access the router.

To view or change basic wireless settings:
1. On the BASIC Home screen, select Wireless to display the Wireless Settings screen.
The screen sections, settings, and procedures are explained in the following sections.
2. Make any changes that are needed, and click Apply to save your settings.
3. Set up and test your wireless devices and computers to make sure that they can connect
wirelessly. If they do not, check the following:
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•
Is your wireless device or computer connected to your network or another wireless
network in your area? Some wireless devices automatically connect to the first open
network (without wireless security) that they discover.
•
Does your wireless device or computer appear on the Attached Devices screen? If it
does, it is connected to the network.
•
If you are not sure what the network name (SSID) or password is, look on the label on
the bottom of your router.
Wireless Settings Screen Fields
Wireless Network
The b/g/n and a/n notation references the 802.11 standards of conformance. For example,
the 2.4 b/g/n conforms to 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n at the 2.4 GHz radio frequency.
Enable SSID Broadcast. This feature allows the router to broadcast its SSID so wireless
stations can see this wireless name (SSID) in their scanned network lists. This check box is
selected by default. To turn off the SSID broadcast, clear the Enable SSID Broadcast check
box, and click Apply.
Name (SSID). The SSID is also known as the wireless network name. Enter a 32-character
(maximum) name in this field. This field is case-sensitive. The default SSID is randomly
generated, and NETGEAR strongly recommends that you do not change this setting.
Region Selection. The location where the router is used. Select from the countries in the list.
In the United States, the region is fixed to United States and is not changeable.
Channel. This setting is the wireless channel used by the gateway. Enter a value from 1
through 13. (For products in the North America market, only Channels 1 through 11 can be
operated.) Do not change the channel unless you experience interference (shown by lost
connections or slow data transfers). When interference happens, experiment with different
channels to see which is the best.
Mode. Up to 145 Mbps is the default and allows 802.11n and 802.11g wireless devices to join
the network. g & b supports up to 54 Mbps. The 300 Mbps setting allows 802.11n devices to
connect at this speed.
Security Options
The Security Options section of the Wireless Settings screen lets you change the security
option and passphrase. NETGEAR recommends that you do not change the security
option or passphrase, but if you want to change these settings, the following section
explains how. Do not disable security.
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Change WPA Security Option and Passphrase
1. Under Security Options, select the WPA option you want.
2. In the Passphrase field that displays when you select a WPA security option, enter the
network key (passphrase) that you want to use. It is a text string from 8 to 63 characters.
Attached Devices
You can view all computers or devices that are currently connected to your network here.
From the BASIC Home screen, select Attached Devices to display the following screen:
Wired devices are connected to the router with Ethernet cables. Wireless devices have
joined the wireless network.
•
# (number). The order in which the device joined the network.
•
IP Address. The IP address that the router assigned to this device when it joined the
network. This number can change when a device is disconnected and rejoins the
network.
•
Device Name. If the device name is known, it is shown here.
•
MAC Address. The unique MAC address for each device does not change. The MAC
address is typically shown on the product label.
You can click Refresh to update this screen.
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Parental Controls
The first time you select Parental Controls from the BASIC Home screen, you are
automatically directed to the Internet, where you can learn more about Live Parental Controls
or download the application. The following screen displays:

To set up Live Parental Controls:
1. Select Parental Controls on the dashboard screen.
2. Click either the Windows Users or Mac Users button.
3. Follow the onscreen instructions to download and install the NETGEAR Live Parental
Controls Management utility.
After installation, Live Parental Controls automatically starts.
4. Click Next, read the note, and click Next again to proceed.
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Because Live Parental Controls uses free OpenDNS accounts, you are prompted to log
in or create a free account.
5. Select the radio button that applies to you and click Next.
• If you already have an OpenDNS account, leave the Yes radio button selected.
•
If you do not have an OpenDNS account, select the No radio button.
If you are creating an account, the following screen displays:
•
Fill in the fields and click Next.
After you log on or create your account, the filtering level screen displays:
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6. Select the radio button for the filtering level that you want and click Next.
7. Click the Take me to the status screen button.
Parental controls are now set up for the router. The dashboard shows Parental Controls as
Enabled.
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4.
NETGEAR genie ADVANCED Home
Sp ecif yi ng custom set ti ngs
4
This chapter explains the features available from the NETGEAR genie ADVANCED Home
screen, shown in the following figure:
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
WPS Wizard
•
Setup Menu
•
Broadband Settings
•
Mobile Broadband Settings
•
WAN Setup
•
LAN Setup
•
Quality of Service Setup
Some selections on the ADVANCED Home screen are described in separate chapters:
•
Security. See Chapter 5, Security.
•
Administration. See Chapter 6, Administration.
•
Advanced Setup. See Chapter 7, Advanced Settings.
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WPS Wizard
The WPS Wizard helps you add a WPS-capable client device (a wireless device or computer)
to your network. On the client device, you have to either press its WPS button or locate its
WPS PIN.

To use the WPS Wizard:
1. Select ADVANCED > WPS Wizard.
2. Click Next. The following screen lets you select the method for adding the WPS client (a
wireless device or computer).
You can use either the push button or PIN method.
3. Select either Push Button or PIN Number.
•
To use the push button method, either click the WPS button on this screen, or press
the WPS button on the side of the router. Within 2 minutes, go to the wireless client
and press its WPS button to join the network without entering a password.
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•
To use the PIN method, select the PIN Number radio button, enter the client security
PIN, and click Next.
Within 2 minutes, go to the client device and use its WPS software to join the network
without entering a password.
The router attempts to add the WPS-capable device. The WPS LED on the front of the
router blinks green. When the router establishes a WPS connection, the LED is solid
green, and the router WPS screen displays a confirmation message.
4. Repeat Step 2 and Step 3 to add another WPS client to your network.
Setup Menu
Select ADVANCED > Setup to display the Setup menu. The following selections are
available:
•
Broadband Settings. Configure the Internet connection mode of your router. See
Broadband Settings on page 30.
•
Mobile Broadband Settings. Configure the access to your mobile broadband account.
See Mobile Broadband Settings on page 30.
•
Ethernet Broadband Settings. This menu item is a shortcut to the same Internet Setup
screen that you can access from the dashboard on the BASIC Home screen. See Internet
Setup on page 19.
•
Wireless Setup. This menu item is a shortcut to the same Wireless Settings screen that
you can access from the dashboard on the BASIC Home screen. See Wireless Settings
on page 21.
•
WAN Setup. Internet (WAN) setup. See WAN Setup on page 32.
•
LAN Setup. Local area network (LAN) setup. See LAN Setup on page 35.
•
QoS Setup.Quality of Service (QoS) setup. See Quality of Service Setup on page 38.
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Broadband Settings
The Broadband Settings screen lets you select the Internet connection mode of your router.

To select your Internet connection mode:
1. Select ADVANCED > Setup > Broadband Settings to view the following screen:
Your Internet connection choices include the following:
•
Use Ethernet connection first and if fail use mobile broadband connection
•
Always use Mobile Broadband connection
•
Always use Ethernet connection
2. Click Apply to save your selection.
Mobile Broadband Settings
The Mobile Broadband Settings screen lets you configure the access to your mobile
broadband account.
Note: Connecting to the mobile broadband network requires an active
broadband service account.
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
To configure your mobile broadband account access:
1. Select ADVANCED > Setup > Mobile Broadband Settings to view the following
screen:
The following settings are provided:
•
User Name. The account login user name.
•
Password. The account password for authentication.
•
Country. The country where mobile broadband service is provided.
•
Internet Service Provider. The Internet service provider of the 4G network.
•
PIN code. The PIN code of the SIM card if the PIN has been enabled.
•
Access Number. The phone number of the remote site.
•
APN. The access point name.
•
PDP Type. The type of packet data protocol.
•
Connect automatically at startup. When this check box is selected, the modem
automatically connects to the network when powered up. This check box should be
selected after login information is provided.
•
Reconnect automatically when connection is lost. When this check box is
selected, the modem attempts to reconnect to the network when the connection is
lost. Under normal situations, this setting should be selected.
•
Roaming automatically. When this check box is checked, the unit might roam to any
available operator in range and might incur roaming charges.
•
Wireless Button Configuration. Choose whether you want the WPS button to
control WiFi only or both WiFi and wireless broadband.
•
Connection Status. The status of the current WAN port.
2. Click Apply to save your settings.
3. Click Connect when you want to connect manually to the network.
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4. Click Disconnect when you want to disconnect manually from the current network.
WAN Setup
The WAN Setup screen lets you configure a DMZ (demilitarized zone) server, change the
maximum transmit unit (MTU) size, and enable the router to respond to a ping on the WAN
(Internet) port. Select ADVANCED > Setup > WAN Setup to view the following screen:
•
Disable Port Scan and DoS Protection. DoS protection protects your LAN against
denial of service attacks such as Syn flood, Smurf Attack, Ping of Death, Teardrop Attack,
UDP Flood, ARP Attack, Spoofing ICMP, Null Scan, and many others. This setting should
be disabled only in special circumstances.
•
Default DMZ Server. This feature is sometimes helpful when you are playing online
games or videoconferencing. Be careful when using this feature because it makes the
firewall security less effective. See Default DMZ Server on page 33 for more details.
•
Respond to Ping on Internet Port. If you want the router to respond to a ping from the
Internet, select this check box. Use this only as a diagnostic tool because it allows your
router to be discovered. Do not select this check box unless you have a specific reason.
•
MTU Size (in bytes). The normal MTU (maximum transmit unit) value for most Ethernet
networks is 1500 bytes, or 1492 bytes for PPPoE connections. For some ISPs, you might
need to reduce the MTU. This reduction is rarely required, and should not be done unless
you are sure that it is necessary for your ISP connection. See Change the MTU Size on
page 33.
•
NAT Filtering. Network Address Translation (NAT) determines how the router processes
inbound traffic. Secured NAT provides a secured firewall to protect the computers on the
LAN from attacks from the Internet but might prevent some Internet games, point-to-point
applications, or multimedia applications from functioning. Open NAT provides a much
less secured firewall but allows almost all Internet applications to function.
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•
Disable SIP ALG. Some VoIP applications do not work well with the SIP ALG. Selecting
this check box to turn off the SIP ALG helps your VoIP devices create and accept calls
through the router.
Default DMZ Server
The default DMZ server feature is helpful when you are using some online games and
videoconferencing applications that are incompatible with Network Address Translation
(NAT). The router is programmed to recognize some of these applications and to work
correctly with them, but other applications might not function well. In some cases, one local
computer can run the application correctly if that computer’s IP address is entered as the
default DMZ server.
WARNING:
DMZ servers pose a security risk. A computer designated as the
default DMZ server loses firewall protection from exploits on the
Internet. Once compromised, the DMZ server computer attacks
other computers on your network.
Incoming traffic from the Internet gets discarded by the router unless the traffic is a response
to one of your local computers or a service that you have configured in the Port
Forwarding/Port Triggering screen. Instead of discarding this traffic, you can have it
forwarded to one computer on your network. This computer is called the default DMZ server.

To set up a default DMZ server:
1. On the WAN Setup screen, select the Default DMZ Server check box.
2. Type the IP address.
3. Click Apply.
Change the MTU Size
The maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the largest data packet a network device transmits.
When one network device communicates across the Internet with another, the data packets
travel through many devices along the way. If any device in the data path has a lower MTU
setting than the other devices, the data packets have to be split or “fragmented” to
accommodate the device with the smallest MTU.
The best MTU setting for NETGEAR equipment is often just the default value, and changing
the value might fix one problem but cause another. Leave MTU unchanged unless one of
these situations occurs:
•
You have problems connecting to your ISP or other Internet service, and the technical
support of either the ISP or NETGEAR recommends changing the MTU setting. These
web-based applications might require an MTU change:
-
A secure website that does not open, or displays only part of a web page
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-
Yahoo email
-
MSN portal
-
America Online DSL service
•
You use VPN and have severe performance problems.
•
You used a program to optimize MTU for performance reasons, and now you have
connectivity or performance problems.
Note: An incorrect MTU setting causes Internet communication problems
such as the inability to access certain websites, frames within
websites, secure login pages, and FTP or POP servers.
If you suspect an MTU problem, a common solution is to change the MTU to 1400. If you are
willing to experiment, you can gradually reduce the MTU from the maximum value of 1500
until the problem goes away. The following table describes common MTU sizes and
applications.
Table 2. Common MTU sizes

MTU
Application
1500
The largest Ethernet packet size and the default value. This value is the typical setting for
non-PPPoE, non-VPN connections and is the default value for NETGEAR routers,
adapters, and switches.
1492
Used in PPPoE environments.
1472
Maximum size to use for pinging. (Larger packets are fragmented.)
1468
Used in some DHCP environments.
1460
Usable by AOL if you do not have large email attachments, for example.
1436
Used in PPTP environments or with VPN.
1400
Maximum size for AOL DSL.
576
Typical value to connect to dial-up ISPs.
To change the MTU size:
1. Select ADVANCED > Setup > WAN Setup.
2. In the MTU Size field, enter a new size from 64 through 1500.
3. Click Apply to save the settings.
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LAN Setup
The LAN Setup screen allows configuration of LAN IP services such as Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Routing Information Protocol (RIP).
The router is shipped preconfigured to use private IP addresses on the LAN side and to act
as a DHCP server. The router’s default LAN IP configuration is:
•
LAN IP address. 192.168.0.1
•
Subnet mask. 255.255.255.0
These addresses are part of the designated private address range for use in private networks
and should be suitable for most applications. If your network uses a different IP addressing
scheme, then make those changes in the LAN Setup screen.
Note: If you change the LAN IP address of the router while connected
through the browser, you are disconnected. You have to open a new
connection to the new IP address and log in again.

To change the LAN settings:
1. Select ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup to display the following screen:
2. Enter the settings that you want to customize. These settings are described in LAN Setup
Screen Settings on page 36.
3. Click Apply to save your changes.
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LAN Setup Screen Settings
LAN TCP/IP Setup
•
IP Address. The LAN IP address of the router.
•
IP Subnet Mask. The LAN subnet mask of the router. Combined with the IP address, the
IP subnet mask allows a device to know which other addresses are local to it, and which
have to be reached through a gateway or router.
•
RIP Direction. Router Information Protocol (RIP) allows a router to exchange routing
information with other routers. This setting controls how the router sends and receives
RIP packets. Both is the default setting. With the Both or Out Only setting, the router
broadcasts its routing table periodically. With the Both or In Only setting, the router
incorporates the RIP information that it receives.
•
RIP Version. This setting controls the format and the broadcasting method of the RIP
packets that the router sends. It recognizes both formats when receiving. By default, the
RIP function is disabled.
RIP-1 is universally supported. It is adequate for most networks, unless you have an
unusual network setup.
RIP-2 carries more information. Both RIP-2B and RIP-2M send the routing data in RIP-2
format. RIP-2B uses subnet broadcasting. RIP-2M uses multicasting.
Use Router as a DHCP Server
This check box is selected so that the router functions as a Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP) server.
•
Starting IP Address. Specify the start of the range for the pool of IP addresses in the
same subnet as the router.
•
Ending IP Address. Specify the end of the range for the pool of IP addresses in the
same subnet as the router.
Address Reservation
When you specify a reserved IP address for a computer on the LAN, that computer receives
the same IP address each time it accesses the router’s DHCP server. Assign reserved IP
addresses to servers that require permanent IP settings.
Use the Router as a DHCP Server
By default, the router functions as a DHCP server, allowing it to assign IP, DNS server, and
default gateway addresses to all computers connected to the router’s LAN. The assigned
default gateway address is the LAN address of the router. The router assigns IP addresses to
the attached computers from a pool of addresses specified in this screen. Each pool address
is tested before it is assigned to avoid duplicate addresses on the LAN. For most
applications, the default DHCP and TCP/IP settings of the router are satisfactory.
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You can specify the pool of IP addresses that are assigned by setting the starting IP address
and ending IP address. These addresses should be part of the same IP address subnet as
the router’s LAN IP address. Using the default addressing scheme, you should define a
range between 192.168.1.2 and 192.168.1.254, although you might want to save part of the
range for devices with fixed addresses.
The router delivers the following parameters to any LAN device that requests DHCP:
•
An IP address from the range you have defined
•
Subnet mask
•
Gateway IP address (the router’s LAN IP address)
•
Primary DNS server (if you entered a primary DNS address in the Internet Setup screen;
otherwise, the router’s LAN IP address)
•
Secondary DNS server (if you entered a secondary DNS address in the Internet Setup
screen)
To use another device on your network as the DHCP server, or to manually configure the
network settings of all of your computers, clear the Use Router as DHCP Server check box
and click Apply. Otherwise, leave this check box selected. If this service is not enabled and
no other DHCP server is available on your network, you have to set your computers’ IP
addresses manually or they are not able to access the router.
Address Reservation
When you specify a reserved IP address for a computer on the LAN, that computer always
receives the same IP address each time it accesses the router’s DHCP server. Reserved IP
addresses should be assigned to computers or servers that require permanent IP settings.

To reserve an IP address:
1. In the Address Reservation section of the screen, click the Add button to display the
following screen:
2. In the IP Address field, type the IP address to assign to the computer or server. (Choose an
IP address from the router’s LAN subnet, such as 192.168.1.x.)
3. Type the MAC address of the computer or server.
Tip: If the computer is already on your network, you can copy its MAC
address from the Attached Devices screen and paste it here.
4. Click Apply to enter the reserved address into the table.
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The reserved address is not assigned until the next time the computer contacts the
router’s DHCP server. Reboot the computer, or access its IP configuration and force a
DHCP release and renew.
To edit or delete a reserved address entry, select the radio button next to the reserved
address you want to edit or delete. Then click Edit or Delete.
Quality of Service Setup
Quality of Service (QoS) is an advanced feature that can be used to prioritize some types of
traffic ahead of others. The router can provide QoS prioritization over the wireless link and on
the Internet connection. To configure QoS, use the QoS Setup screen.
Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup to display the following screen:
Enable WMM QoS for Wireless Multimedia Applications
WMM (Wireless Multimedia) is a subset of the 802.11e standard. WMM allows wireless traffic
to have a range of priorities depending on the type of data. Time-dependent information, such
as video and audio, has a higher priority than normal traffic. For WMM to function correctly,
wireless clients have to support WMM also.
WMM QoS is enabled by default. You can disable it in the QoS Setup screen by clearing the
Enable WMM (Wi-Fi multimedia) settings check box and clicking Apply.
Turn Internet Access QoS On
Enable this feature for the QoS function to prioritize Internet traffic.
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Manage the QoS Priority Rules
Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup and click the Setup QoS rule button to display
the following screen:
For applications such as online gaming, an Ethernet LAN port, or a specified MAC address
that already appears in the list, modify the priority level by selecting it and then clicking Edit.
Click Delete to erase the priority rule.
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You can also define the priority policy for each online game, application, LAN port, or the
computer’s MAC address by clicking Add Priority Rule.
For Applications or Online Gaming

To set up the priority for an application or online gaming:
1. From the Priority Category list, select Applications or Online Gaming.
2. Select the Internet application or game from one of the lists.
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3. Select the priority level: Highest, High, Normal, or Low.
4. In the QoS Policy for field, type the name for this rule.
5. Click Apply.
For an Ethernet LAN Port

To set up the priority for computers connected to a LAN port:
1. From the Priority Category list, select Ethernet LAN Port.
2. Select the number of the LAN port for which you want to specify the priority level.
3. Select the priority level: Highest, High, Normal, or Low.
4. You can also type the name for this rule in the QoS Policy for field.
5. Click Apply.
For a MAC Address

To set up the priority for a specified computer through its MAC address:
1. From the Priority Category list, select MAC Address.
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2. Click Refresh to update the list of those computers already connected to the router.
3. Select the entry’s radio button in the table.
4. Modify the information in the MAC Address and Device Name fields.
5. Select the priority level: Highest, High, Normal, or Low.
6. You can also type the name for this rule in the QoS Policy for field.
7. Click Edit or Add.
8. Click Apply.
Edit or Delete an Existing QoS Policy

To edit or delete a QoS policy:
1. Select ADVANCED > QoS Setup to display the QoS Setup screen.
2. Select the radio button next to the QoS policy to edit or delete, and do one of the following:
• Click Delete to remove the QoS policy.
•
Click Edit to edit the QoS policy. Follow the instructions in the preceding sections to
change the policy settings.
3. Click Apply in the QoS Setup screen to save your changes.
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5.
Security
Ke epi ng u nwante d c onte nt out of you r n et work
5
This chapter explains how to use the basic firewall features of the router to prevent objectionable
content from reaching the computers and other devices connected to your network.
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
Keyword Blocking of HTTP Traffic
•
Block Services (Port Filtering)
•
Schedule Blocking
•
Security Event Email Notifications
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Keyword Blocking of HTTP Traffic
Use keyword blocking to prevent certain types of HTTP traffic from accessing your network.
The blocking can be always or according to a schedule.
1. Select ADVANCED > Security > Block Sites to display the following screen:
2. Select one of the keyword blocking options:
• Per Schedule. Turn on keyword blocking according to the Schedule screen settings.
•
Always. Turn on keyword blocking all the time, independent of the Schedule screen.
3. In the keyword field, enter a keyword or domain, click Add Keyword, and click Apply.
The keyword list supports up to 32 entries. Here are some sample entries:

•
Specify XXX to block http://www.badstuff.com/xxx.html.
•
Specify .com if you want to allow only sites with domain suffixes such as .edu or .gov.
•
Enter a period (.) to block all Internet browsing access.
To delete a keyword or domain:
1. Select the keyword you want to delete from the list.
2. Click Delete and Apply to save your changes.

To specify a trusted computer:
You can exempt one trusted computer from blocking and logging. The computer you exempt
has to have a fixed IP address.
1. In the Trusted IP Address field, enter the IP address.
2. Click Apply to save your changes.
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Block Services (Port Filtering)
Services are functions performed by server computers at the request of client computers. For
example, web servers serve web pages, time servers serve time and date information, and
game hosts serve data about other players’ moves. When a computer on the Internet sends
a request for service to a server computer, the requested service is identified by a service or
port number. This number appears as the destination port number in the transmitted IP
packets. For example, a packet that is sent with the destination port number 80 is an HTTP
(web server) request.
The service numbers for many common protocols are defined by the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF at http://www.ietf.org/) and published in RFC1700, “Assigned Numbers.”
Service numbers for other applications are typically chosen from the range 1024–65535 by
the authors of the application. Although the router already holds a list of many service port
numbers, you are not limited to these choices. You can often determine port number
information by contacting the publisher of the application, by asking user groups or
newsgroups, or by searching.
The Block Services screen lets you add and block specific Internet services by computers on
your network. This feature is called service blocking or port filtering. To add a service for
blocking, first determine which port number or range of numbers the application uses.

To block services:
1. Select ADVANCED > Security > Block Services to display the following screen:
2. Select either Per Schedule or Always to enable service blocking, and click Apply. If you
selected Per Schedule, specify a time period in the Schedule screen as described in
Schedule Blocking on page 47.
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3. Click Add to add a service. The Block Services Setup screen displays:
4. From the Service Type list, select the application or service to allow or block. The list already
displays several common services, but you are not limited to these choices. To add any
additional services or applications that do not already appear, select User Defined.
5. If you know that the application uses either TCP or UDP, select the appropriate protocol. If
you are not sure, select Both.
6. Enter the starting and ending port numbers. If the application uses a single port number,
enter that number in both fields.
7. Select the radio button for the IP address configuration you want to block, and enter the IP
addresses. You can block the specified service for a single computer, a range of computers
with consecutive IP addresses, or all computers on your network.
8. Click Add to enable your Block Services Setup selections.
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Schedule Blocking
You can specify the days and time that you want to block Internet access.

To schedule blocking:
1. Select ADVANCED > Security > Schedule to display the following screen:
2. Set up the schedule for blocking keywords and services.
• Days to Block. Select days on which you want to apply blocking by selecting the
appropriate check boxes, or select Every Day to select the check boxes for all days.
•
Time of day to block. Select a start and end time in 24-hour format, or select All Day
for 24-hour blocking.
3. Select your time zone from the list. If you use daylight saving time, select the Automatically
adjust for daylight savings time check box.
4. Click Apply to save your settings.
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Security Event Email Notifications
To receive logs and alerts by email, provide your email information in the E-mail screen, and
specify which alerts you want to receive and how often.

To set up email notifications:
1. Select ADVANCED > Security > E-mail to display the following screen:
2. To receive email logs and alerts from the router, select the Turn E-mail Notification On
check box.
3. In the Your Outgoing Mail Server field, enter the name of your ISP outgoing (SMTP) mail
server (such as mail.myISP.com). You might be able to find this information in the
configuration screen of your email program. When you leave this field blank, log and alert
messages do not get sent by email.
4. Enter the email address to which logs and alerts are sent in the Send to This E-mail Address
field. This email address is also used for the From address. When you leave this field blank,
log and alert messages do not get sent by email.
5. If your outgoing email server requires authentication, select the My Mail Server requires
authentication check box. Fill in the User Name and Password fields for the outgoing email
server.
6. You can have email alerts sent immediately when someone attempts to visit a blocked site,
and you can specify that logs are sent automatically.
If you select the Weekly, Daily, or Hourly option and the log fills up before the specified
period, the log is automatically emailed to the specified email address. After the log is
sent, the log is cleared from the router’s memory. If the router cannot email the log file, the
log buffer might fill up. In this case, the router overwrites the log and discards its contents.
7. Click Apply to save your settings.
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48
6.
Administration
6
M a nagi ng your net work
This chapter describes the router settings for administering and maintaining your router and
home network.
•
See Attached Devices on page 23 to view all computers or devices that are currently
connected to your network.
•
See Remote Management on page 79 for information about upgrading or checking the
status of your router over the Internet.
•
See Traffic Meter on page 82 for information about monitoring the volume of Internet
traffic passing through your router’s Internet port.
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
Router Status
•
Logs
•
Backup Settings
•
Set Password
•
Diagnostics
•
Router Upgrade
•
Module Upgrade
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Router Status
Use the Router Status screen to check the current settings and statistics for your router. This
screen shows you the current settings. If something needs to be changed, change it on the
relevant screen.

To view router status and usage information:
1. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Router Status to display the following screen:
The following status information is displayed:
•
Active Connection. The current WAN interface used by the router.
•
Account Version. The router model.
•
Firmware Version. The version of the router firmware. It changes if you upgrade the
router firmware.
•
Ethernet Port. The current settings of Ethernet broadband port.
-
MAC Address. The Media Access Control address. This address is the unique
physical address used by the Ethernet (WAN) port of the router.
-
IP Address. The IP address used by the Internet (WAN) port of the router. If no
address is shown or the address is 0.0.0, the router cannot connect to the
Internet.
-
Network Type. This shows if the router is using a fixed IP address on the WAN. If
the value is DHCP Client, the router obtains an IP address dynamically from the
ISP.
-
IP Subnet Mask. The IP subnet mask used by the Internet (WAN) port of the
router.
-
Gateway IP Address. The IP address used by the router.
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-
•
•
•
•
Domain Name Server. The Domain Name Server addresses used by the router.
A Domain Name Server translates human-language URLs such as
www.netgear.com into IP addresses.
Mobile Broadband Modem. This section shows the properties of the mobile
broadband modem.
-
Modem Identity. Shows the modem in use.
-
Modem SW version. The software version of the modem.
-
Modem driver version. The driver version of the modem.
-
IMEI. International Mobile Equipment Identity. The unique identity of the modem.
-
Operator. The ISP for the broadband wireless network.
-
Network mode. The mode of the current network the modem is connected to.
This mode is dependent on coverage and distance from the cell site.
Wireless Broadband Port. The current settings of mobile broadband port.
-
Connection Status. This setting shows the status of the wireless broadband
connection.
-
IP Address. The IP address used by the Internet (WAN) port of the router. If no
address is shown or the address is 0.0.0, the router cannot connect to the
Internet.
-
Protocol. This shows if the router is using a fixed IP address on the WAN. If the
value is DHCP Client, the router obtains an IP address dynamically from the ISP.
-
IP Subnet Mask. The IP subnet mask used by the Internet (WAN) port of the
router.
-
Domain Name Server. The Domain Name Server addresses used by the router.
A Domain Name Server translates human-language URLs such as
www.netgear.com into IP addresses.
LAN Port. These values are the current settings, as set in the LAN Setup screen.
-
MAC Address. The Media Access Control address. This address is the unique
physical address used by the Ethernet (LAN) port of the router.
-
IP Address. The IP address used by the Ethernet (LAN) port of the router. The
default is 192.168.0.1.
-
DHCP. Identifies whether the router’s built-in DHCP server is active for the
LAN-attached devices.
-
IP Subnet Mask. The subnet mask associated with the LAN IP address.
Wireless Port. These values are the current settings, as set in the Wireless Settings
screen.
-
Name (SSID). The SSID of the router.
-
Region. The location (country).
-
Channel. The current channel in use.
-
Wireless AP. Indicates if the access point feature of the router is enabled or not.
If not enabled, the WiFi LED on the front panel is off.
-
Broadcast Name. Indicates if the router is broadcasting its SSID.
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2. Click Show Statistics to see router performance statistics such as the number of packets
sent and number of packets received for each port.
•
System Up Time. The time elapsed since the router was last restarted.
•
Port. The statistics for the WAN (Internet) and LAN (Ethernet) ports. For each port,
the screen displays:
-
Status. The link status of the port.
-
TxPkts. The number of packets transmitted on this port since reset or manual
clear.
-
RxPkts. The number of packets received on this port since reset or manual clear.
-
Collisions. The number of collisions on this port since reset or manual clear.
-
Tx B/s. The current transmission (outbound) bandwidth used on the WAN and
LAN ports.
-
Rx B/s. The current reception (inbound) bandwidth used on the WAN and LAN
ports.
-
Up Time. The time elapsed since this port acquired the link.
-
Poll Interval. The interval at which the statistics are updated in this screen.
To change the polling frequency, enter a time in seconds in the Poll Interval field, and click
Set Interval.
To stop the polling entirely, click Stop.
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3. Click Connection Status to see information about your current connection.
•
•
Mobile Broadband Status.
-
Connection Status. The status of the Internet connection.
-
Received Signal Quality (in dBm). Modem radio reception. A small, negative
number indicates good signal quality.
-
Bytes Transmitted. The number of bytes transmitted in the most recent
connection session.
-
Bytes Received. The number of bytes received in the most recent connection
session.
-
Tx B/s. The transmission rate.
-
Rx B/s. The receiving rate.
-
System Uptime. Time elapsed since the last reboot.
-
Connection Duration. Length of the current connection.
Connection Status.
-
IP Address. The IP address that is assigned to the router.
-
Subnet Mask. The subnet mask that is assigned to the router.
-
Default Gateway. The IP address for the default gateway that the router
communicates with.
-
DNS Server. The IP address of the Domain Name Service server that provides
translation of network names to IP addresses.
To change the polling frequency, enter a time in seconds in the Poll Interval field, and
click Set Interval.
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To stop the polling entirely, click Stop.
The Close Window button closes the Connection Status screen.
Logs
The log is a detailed record of the websites you have accessed or attempted to access. If you
have set up content filtering on the Block Sites screen, the Logs screen shows you when
someone on your network tried to access a blocked site. If you have email notification on, you
receive these logs in an email message. If you do not have email notification set up, view the
logs here.
Select ADVANCED > Administration > Logs. The Logs screen displays.
To refresh the log screen, click the Refresh button.
To clear the log entries, click the Clear Log button.
To email the log immediately, click the Send Log button. This feature can be useful for testing
your email settings.
Backup Settings
The configuration settings of the router are stored within the router in a configuration file. You
can back up (save) this file to your computer, restore it, or reset it to the factory default
settings.
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Back Up Settings

To back up the router’s configuration settings:
1. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Backup Settings to display the following
screen:
2. Click Back Up to save a copy of the current settings.
3. Choose a location to store the .cfg file that is on a computer on your network.
Restore Configuration Settings

To restore configuration settings that you backed up:
1. Enter the full path to the file on your network, or click the Browse button to find the file.
2. When you have located the .cfg file, click the Restore button to upload the file to the router.
When the restoration is complete, the router reboots.
WARNING:
Do not interrupt the reboot process.
Erase
Under some circumstances (for example, when you move the router to a different network or
when you have forgotten the password), you might want to erase the configuration and
restore the factory default settings.
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You can either use the Restore Factory Settings button on the back of the router (see Factory
Default Settings on page 93), or you can click the Erase button in this screen.
Erase sets the user name to admin, the password to password, and the LAN IP address to
192.168.1.1, and enables the router’s DHCP.
Set Password
This feature allows you to change the default password that is used to log in to the router with
the user name admin.
This change of password is not the same as changing the password for wireless access. The
label on the bottom of your router shows your unique wireless network name (SSID) and
password for wireless access (see Router Label on page 10).

To set the password for the user name admin:
1. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Set Password to display the following screen:
2. Type the old password, and type the new password twice in the fields on this screen.
3. If you want to be able to recover the password, select the Enable Password Recovery
check box.
4. Click Apply so that your changes take effect.
Password Recovery
NETGEAR recommends that you enable password recovery when you change the password
for the router’s user name of admin. Then you have an easy way to recover the password
when it is forgotten. This recovery process is supported in Internet Explorer, Firefox, and
Chrome browsers, but not in the Safari browser.
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
To set up password recovery:
1. Select the Enable Password Recovery check box.
2. Select two security questions, and provide answers to them.
3. Click Apply to save your changes.
When you use your browser to access the router, the login screen displays. If password
recovery is enabled, when you click Cancel, the password recovery process starts. You can
then enter the saved answers to the security questions to recover the password.
Diagnostics
Use the Diagnostics screen to perform various diagnostics. For normal operation, these tests
are not required.

To run the diagnostics:
Select ADVANCED > Administration > Diagnostics to display the following screen:
Ping an IP address. Use this test to send a ping packet request to the specified IP address.
This procedure is often used to test a connection. If the request times out because no reply is
received, this result usually means that the destination is unreachable. However, some
network devices can be configured not to respond to a ping.
Perform a DNS Lookup. A DNS (Domain Name Server) converts the Internet name (for
example, www.netgear.com) to an IP address. If you need the IP address of a web, FTP,
mail, or other server on the Internet, you can do a DNS lookup to find the IP address.
Display the Routing Table. This operation displays the internal routing table. This
information gets used by technical support and other staff who understand routing tables.
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Reboot the Router. Use this button to perform a remote reboot (restart). You can use this
procedure when the router seems to have become unstable or is not operating normally.
Note: Rebooting breaks any existing connections either to the router (such
as this one) or through the router (such as LAN users accessing the
Internet). However, connections to the Internet are automatically
reestablished when possible.
Save diagnostics information. Use this button to view the diagnostics information.
Router Upgrade
The router firmware (routing software) is stored in flash memory. You can update the firmware
from the Administration menu on the ADVANCED tab. You might see a message at the top of
the NETGEAR genie screens when new firmware is available for your product.
You can use the Check button on the Router Update screen to check and update to the latest
firmware for your product when new firmware is available.

To check for new firmware and update your router:
1. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Router Update to display the following screen:
2. Click Check.
The router finds new firmware information if any is available.
3. Click Yes to update and locate the firmware you downloaded (the file ends in .img).
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WARNING:
When uploading firmware to the router, do not interrupt the web
browser by closing the window, clicking a link, or loading a new
page. If the browser is interrupted, it could corrupt the firmware.
When the upload is complete, your router restarts. The upgrade process typically takes
about 1 minute. Read the new firmware release notes to determine whether you need to
reconfigure the router after upgrading.
Module Upgrade
The module firmware (broadband mobile software) is stored in flash memory. You can
upgrade the firmware from the Administration menu on the ADVANCED tab. You might see a
message at the top of the NETGEAR genie screens when new firmware is available for your
product.
You can use the Check button on the Module Upgrade screen to check and update to the
latest firmware for your product if new firmware is available.

To check for new firmware and update your router:
1. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Module Upgrade to display the following
screen:
2. Click Check.
The router finds new firmware information if any is available.
3. Click Yes to update and locate the firmware you downloaded (the file ends in .img).
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WARNING:
When uploading firmware to the router, do not interrupt the web
browser by closing the window, clicking a link, or loading a new
page. If the browser is interrupted, it could corrupt the firmware.
When the upload is complete, your router restarts. The upgrade process typically takes
about 1 minute. Read the new firmware release notes to determine whether you need to
reconfigure the router after upgrading.
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60
7.
Advanced Settings
7
This chapter describes the advanced features of your router. This information is for users with a
solid understanding of networking concepts. These users want to set the router up for unique
situations such as when remote access from the Internet by IP or domain name is needed.
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
SIM Settings
•
Wireless Settings
•
Wireless Repeating
•
Port Forwarding and Port Triggering
•
Dynamic DNS
•
Static Routes
•
Remote Management
•
Universal Plug and Play
•
Traffic Meter
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SIM Settings
Your ISP provides you with a SIM card so that you can access mobile broadband. Use this
screen to change your SIM card settings.

To change your SIM card settings:
1. Select ADVANCED > Advanced > SIM Settings to display the following screen:
2. Change your SIM card settings as necessary:
• Enabling or Disabling the PIN Code. Enable or disable the use of the SIM card PIN
code. Enter your current PIN code to authorize this change.
•
Changing the PIN Code. The PIN code prevents the use of the SIM card in an
unauthorized device. Also, change the PIN code regularly for security reasons. Enter
your current PIN code to authorize this change, followed by the new PIN code you
have chosen.
3. Click Apply so that your changes take effect.
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Wireless Settings
Note: The wireless router is already configured with the optimum settings.
Do not alter these settings unless directed by NETGEAR support.
Incorrect settings disable the wireless router.
Select ADVANCED > Advanced > Wireless Settings to display the following screen:
The following settings are available in this screen:
Advanced Wireless Settings. Do not change these settings unless directed to do so by
NETGEAR support.
•
Enable Wireless Router Radio. You can completely turn off the wireless portion of
the wireless router by clearing this check box. Select this check box again to enable
the wireless portion of the router. When the wireless radio is disabled, other members
of your household can use the router by connecting their computers to the router with
an Ethernet cable.
•
Enable SSID Broadcast. This setting enables broadcasting of the SSID.
Note: The Fragmentation Length, CTS/RTS Threshold, and Preamble
Mode options are reserved for wireless testing and advanced
configuration only. Do not change these settings.
WPS Settings.You can add WPS devices to your network.
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•
Router’s PIN. This PIN is the PIN number you use on a registrar (such as from
Network Explorer on a Vista Windows computer) to configure the router’s wireless
settings through WPS. You can also find the PIN on the router’s product label.
•
Disable Router’s PIN. You can configure the router’s wireless settings or add a
wireless client through WPS using the router’s PIN only when the PIN is enabled. The
router’s PIN can be disabled temporarily when the router detects suspicious attempts
to break into the router’s wireless settings by using the router’s PIN through WPS.
You can manually enable this function by clearing the check box and clicking the
Apply button.
•
Keep Existing Wireless Settings. This setting shows whether the router is in the
WPS configured state. If this option is not selected, adding a new wireless client
changes the router’s wireless settings to an automatically generated random SSID
and security key. In addition, when this option is selected, some external registrars
(such as Network Explorer on Vista Windows) might not see the router.
Configuring the basic wireless settings from the router’s web management interface
selects this option automatically.
Wireless Card Access List. By default, any wireless computer that is configured with the
correct SSID is allowed access to your wireless network. For increased security, restrict
access to the wireless network to allow only specific computers based on their MAC
addresses. Click the Set Up Access List button display the Wireless Card Access List
screen. On this screen, you can restrict access to your network to specific devices based on
their MAC address.
Click Add to add wireless devices to your network based on their MAC addresses.
Click Apply to have your changes take effect.
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Wireless Repeating
You can set the router up to be used as a wireless access point (AP). This setup enables the
router to act as a wireless repeater. A wireless repeater connects to another wireless router
as a client where the network to which it connects becomes the ISP service.
Wireless repeating is a type of Wireless Distribution System (WDS). A WDS allows a wireless
network to be expanded through multiple access points instead of using a wired backbone to
link them. The following figure shows a wireless repeating scenario.
Repeater
access point
Base station
access point
Note: If you use the wireless repeating function, you need to select either
WEP or None as a security option in the Wireless Settings screen.
The WEP option displays only if you select the wireless mode Up to
54 Mbps in the Wireless Settings screen.
Wireless base station. The router acts as the parent access point, bridging traffic to and
from the child repeater access point, as well as handling wireless and wired local computers.
To configure this mode, you have to know the MAC addresses of the child repeater access
point.
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Wireless repeater. The router sends all traffic from its local wireless or wired computers to a
remote access point. To configure this mode, you have to know the MAC address of the
remote parent access point.
The MBR1515 router is always in dual-band concurrent mode, unless you turn off one radio.
When you enable the wireless repeater in either radio band, the wireless base station, or
wireless repeater, cannot be enabled in the other radio band. However, if you enable the
wireless base station in either radio band and use the other radio band as a wireless router or
wireless base station, dual-band concurrent mode is not affected.
For you to set up a wireless network with WDS, the following conditions have to be met for
both access points:
•
Both access points have to use the same SSID, wireless channel, and encryption mode.
•
Both access points have to be on the same LAN IP subnet. That is, all the access point
LAN IP addresses are in the same network.
•
All LAN devices (wired and wireless computers) have to be configured to operate in the
same LAN network address range as the access points.
Wireless Repeating Function
Select ADVANCED > Advanced > Wireless Repeating to view or change wireless repeater
settings for the router.
•
Enable Wireless Repeating Function. Select the check box for the 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz
network to use the wireless repeating function.
•
Wireless MAC of this router. This field displays the MAC address for your router for your
reference. You need to enter this MAC address in the corresponding Wireless Repeating
Function screen of the other access point you are using.
•
Wireless Repeater. If your router is the repeater, select this radio button.
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Repeater IP Address. If your router is the repeater, enter the IP address of the other
access point.
Disable Wireless Client Association. If your router is the repeater, selecting this check
box means that wireless clients cannot associate with it. Only LAN client associations are
allowed.
-
If you are setting up a point-to-point bridge, select this check box.
-
If you want all client traffic to go through the other access point (repeater with wireless
client association), leave this check box cleared.
Base Station MAC Address. If your router is the repeater, enter the MAC address for the
access point that is the base station.
•
Wireless Base Station. If your router is the base station, select this radio button.
Disable Wireless Client Association. If your router is the base station, selecting this
check box means that wireless clients cannot associate with it. Only LAN client
associations are allowed.
Repeater MAC Address (1 through 4). If your router is the base station, it can act as the
“parent” of up to 4 other access points. Enter the MAC addresses of the other access
points in these fields.
Set Up the Base Station
The wireless repeating function works only in hub and spoke mode. The units cannot be
daisy-chained. You have to know the wireless settings for both units. You have to know the
MAC address of the remote unit. First, set up the base station and then set up the repeater.

To set up the base station:
1. Set up both units with the same wireless settings (SSID, mode, channel, and security).
The wireless security option has to be set to None or WEP.
2. Select ADVANCED > Advanced > Wireless Repeating Function to display the Wireless
Repeating Function screen.
3. In the Wireless Repeating Function screen (depending on the frequency you want to use),
select the Enable Wireless Repeating Function check box and select the Wireless Base
Station radio button.
4. Enter the MAC address for one or more repeater units.
5. Click Apply to save your changes.
Set Up a Repeater Unit
Use a wired Ethernet connection to set up the repeater unit to avoid conflicts with the
wireless connection to the base station.
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Note: If you are using the MBR1515 base station with a non-NETGEAR
router as the repeater, you might need to change more configuration
settings. In particular, you should disable the DHCP server function
on the wireless repeater AP.

To configure the router as a repeater unit:
1. Log in to the router that is to be the repeater. Select BASIC > Wireless Settings and
verify that the wireless settings match the base unit exactly. The wireless security option
has to be set to WEP or None.
2. Select ADVANCED > Advanced > Wireless Repeating Function. Select the Enable
Wireless Repeating Function check box and the Wireless Repeater radio button.
3. Fill in the Repeater IP Address field. This IP address has to be in the same subnet as the
base station, but different from the LAN IP address of the base station.
4. Click Apply to save your changes.
5. Verify connectivity across the LANs.
A computer on any wireless or wired LAN segment of the router should be able to
connect to the Internet or share files and printers with any other wireless or wired
computer or server connected to the other access point.
Port Forwarding and Port Triggering
By default, the router blocks inbound traffic from the Internet to your computers except replies
to your outbound traffic. You might need to create exceptions to this rule for these purposes:
•
To allow remote computers on the Internet to access a server on your local network.
•
To allow certain applications and games to work correctly when their replies do not get
recognized by your router.
Your router provides two features for creating these exceptions: port forwarding and port
triggering. The next sections provide background information to help you understand how
port forwarding and port triggering work, and the differences between the two.
Remote Computer Access Basics
When a computer on your network needs to access a computer on the Internet, your
computer sends your router a message containing the source and destination address and
process information. Before forwarding your message to the remote computer, your router
has to modify the source information and create and track the communication session so that
replies can be routed back to your computer.
Here is an example of normal outbound traffic and the resulting inbound responses:
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1. You open a browser, and your operating system assigns port number 5678 to this
browser session.
2. You type http://www.example.com into the URL field, and your computer creates a web page
request message with the following address and port information. The request message is
sent to your router.
Source address. Your computer’s IP address.
Source port number. 5678, which is the browser session.
Destination address. The IP address of www.example.com, which your computer finds
by asking a DNS server.
Destination port number. 80, which is the standard port number for a web server
process.
3. Your router creates an entry in its internal session table describing this communication
session between your computer and the web server at www.example.com. Before sending
the web page request message to www.example.com, your router stores the original
information and then modifies the source information in the request message, performing
Network Address Translation (NAT):
• The source address is replaced with your router’s public IP address. This
replacement is necessary because your computer uses a private IP address that is
not globally unique and cannot be used on the Internet.
•
The source port number is changed to a number chosen by the router, such as
33333. This change is necessary because two computers could independently be
using the same session number.
Your router then sends this request message through the Internet to the web server at
www.example.com.
4. The web server at www.example.com composes a return message with the requested web
page data. The return message contains the following address and port information. The
web server then sends this reply message to your router.
Source address. The IP address of www.example.com.
Source port number. 80, which is the standard port number for a web server process.
Destination address. The public IP address of your router.
Destination port number. 33333.
5. Upon receiving the incoming message, your router checks its session table to determine
whether an active session for port number 33333 exists. Finding an active session, the
router then modifies the message to restore the original address information replaced by
NAT. Your router sends this reply message to your computer, which displays the web
page from www.example.com. The message now contains the following address and port
information.
Source address. The IP address of www.example.com.
Source port number. 80, which is the standard port number for a web server process.
Destination address. Your computer’s IP address.
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Destination port number. 5678, which is the browser session that made the initial
request.
6. When you finish your browser session, your router eventually detects a period of inactivity in
the communications. Your router then removes the session information from its session
table, and incoming traffic is no longer accepted on port number 33333.
Port Triggering to Open Incoming Ports
In the preceding example, requests are sent to a remote computer by your router from a
particular service port number, and replies from the remote computer to your router are
directed to that port number. If the remote server sends a reply to a different port number,
your router does not recognize it and discards it. However, some application servers (such as
FTP and IRC servers) send replies to multiple port numbers. Using the port triggering
function of your router, you can tell the router to open more incoming ports when a particular
outgoing port originates a session.
An example is Internet Relay Chat (IRC). Your computer connects to an IRC server at
destination port 6667. The IRC server not only responds to your originating source port, but
also sends an “identify” message to your computer on port 113. Using port triggering, you can
tell the router, “When you initiate a session with destination port 6667, you have to also allow
incoming traffic on port 113 to reach the originating computer.” Using steps similar to the
preceding example, the following sequence shows the effects of the port triggering rule you
have defined:
1. You open an IRC client program to start a chat session on your computer.
2. Your IRC client composes a request message to an IRC server using a destination port
number of 6667, the standard port number for an IRC server process. Your computer then
sends this request message to your router.
3. Your router creates an entry in its internal session table describing this communication
session between your computer and the IRC server. Your router stores the original
information, performs Network Address Translation (NAT) on the source address and port,
and sends this request message through the Internet to the IRC server.
4. Noting your port triggering rule and having observed the destination port number of 6667,
your router creates an additional session entry to send any incoming port 113 traffic to your
computer.
5. The IRC server sends a return message to your router using the NAT-assigned source port
(as in the previous example, say port 33333) as the destination port. The IRC server also
sends an “identify” message to your router with destination port 113.
6. Upon receiving the incoming message to destination port 33333, your router checks its
session table to determine whether an active session for port number 33333 exists. Finding
an active session, the router restores the original address information replaced by NAT and
sends this reply message to your computer.
7. Upon receiving the incoming message to destination port 113, your router checks its session
table and learns that an active session for port 113 exists and is associated with your
computer. The router replaces the message’s destination IP address with your computer’s
IP address and forwards the message to your computer.
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8. When you finish your chat session, your router eventually senses a period of inactivity in the
communications. The router then removes the session information from its session table,
and incoming traffic is no longer accepted on port numbers 33333 or 113.
To configure port triggering, you need to know which inbound ports the application needs.
Also, you need to know the number of the outbound port that triggers the opening of the
inbound ports. You can usually determine this information by contacting the publisher of the
application or user groups or newsgroups.
Note: Only one computer at a time can use the triggered application.
Port Forwarding to Permit External Host Communications
In both of the preceding examples, your computer initiates an application session with a
server computer on the Internet. However, you might need to allow a client computer on the
Internet to initiate a connection to a server computer on your network. Normally, your router
ignores any inbound traffic that is not a response to your own outbound traffic. You can
configure exceptions to this default rule by using the port forwarding feature.
A typical application of port forwarding can be shown by reversing the client-server
relationship from the previous web server example. In this case, a remote computer’s
browser needs to access a web server running on a computer in your local network. Using
port forwarding, you can tell the router, “When you receive incoming traffic on port 80 (the
standard port number for a web server process), forward it to the local computer at
192.168.1.123.” The following sequence shows the effects of the port forwarding rule you
have defined:
1. The user of a remote computer opens a browser and requests a web page from
www.example.com, which resolves to the public IP address of your router. The remote
computer composes a web page request message with the following destination
information:
Destination address. The IP address of www.example.com, which is the address of your
router.
Destination port number. 80, which is the standard port number for a web server
process.
The remote computer then sends this request message through the Internet to your
router.
2. Your router receives the request message and looks in its rules table for any rules covering
the disposition of incoming port 80 traffic. Your port forwarding rule specifies that incoming
port 80 traffic should be forwarded to local IP address 192.168.1.123. Therefore, your router
modifies the destination information in the request message:
The destination address is replaced with 192.168.1.123.
Your router then sends this request message to your local network.
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3. Your web server at 192.168.1.123 receives the request and composes a return message
with the requested web page data. Your web server then sends this reply message to your
router.
4. Your router performs Network Address Translation (NAT) on the source IP address, and
sends this request message through the Internet to the remote computer, which displays the
web page from www.example.com.
To configure port forwarding, you need to know which inbound ports the application needs.
You can determine this information by contacting the publisher of the application or the
relevant user groups and newsgroups.
How Port Forwarding Differs from Port Triggering
The following points summarize the differences between port forwarding and port triggering:
•
Port triggering can be used by any computer on your network, although only one
computer can use it at a time.
•
Port forwarding is configured for a single computer on your network.
•
Port triggering does not require that you know the computer’s IP address in advance. The
IP address is captured automatically.
•
Port forwarding requires that you specify the computer’s IP address during configuration,
and the IP address can never change.
•
Port triggering requires specific outbound traffic to open the inbound ports, and the
triggered ports are closed after a period of no activity.
•
Port forwarding is always active and does not need to be triggered.
Set Up Port Forwarding to Local Servers
Using the port forwarding feature, you can allow certain types of incoming traffic to reach
servers on your local network. For example, you might want to make a local web server, FTP
server, or game server visible and available to the Internet.
Use the Port Forwarding screen to configure the router to forward specific incoming protocols
to computers on your local network. In addition to servers for specific applications, you can
also specify a default DMZ server to which all other incoming protocols are forwarded.
Before starting, you need to determine which type of service, application, or game you want
to provide, and the local IP address of the computer that provides the service. The server
computer has to always have the same IP address.

To set up port forwarding:
Tip: To ensure that your server computer always has the same IP address,
use the reserved IP address feature of your router.
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1. Select ADVANCED > Advanced > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering to display the
following screen:
Port Forwarding is selected as the service type.
2. From the Service Name list, select the service or game that you host on your network. If the
service does not appear in the list, see Add a Custom Service on page 73.
3. In the corresponding Server IP Address field, enter the last digit of the IP address of your
local computer that provides this service.
4. Click Add. The service appears in the list in the screen.
Add a Custom Service
To define a service, game, or application that does not appear in the Service Name list, you
have to first determine which port number or range of numbers gets used by the application.
You can usually determine this information by contacting the publisher of the application or
user groups or newsgroups.

To add a custom service:
1. Select ADVANCED > Advanced > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering.
2. Select Port Forwarding as the service type.
3. Click the Add Custom Service button to display the following screen:
4. In the Service Name field, enter a descriptive name.
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5. In the Service Type list, select the protocol. If you are unsure, select TCP/UDP.
6. In the Starting Port field, enter the beginning port number.
• If the application uses a single port, enter the same port number in the Ending Port
field.
•
If the application uses a range of ports, enter the ending port number of the range in
the Ending Port field.
7. In the Server IP Address field, enter the IP address of your local computer that provides this
service.
8. Click Apply. The service appears in the list in the Port Forwarding/Port Triggering screen.
Edit or Delete a Port Forwarding Entry

To edit or delete a port forwarding entry:
1. In the table, select the radio button next to the service name.
2. Click Edit Service or Delete Service.
Application Example: Making a Local Web Server Public
If you host a web server on your local network, you can use port forwarding to allow web
requests from anyone on the Internet to reach your web server.

To make a local web server public:
1. Assign your web server either a fixed IP address or a dynamic IP address using DHCP
address reservation. In this example, your router always gives your web server an IP
address of 192.168.1.33.
2. In the Port Forwarding screen, configure the router to forward the HTTP service to the local
address of your web server at 192.168.1.33. HTTP (port 80) is the standard protocol for web
servers.
3. (Optional) Register a host name with a Dynamic DNS service, and configure your router to
use the name as described in Dynamic DNS on page 76. To access your web server from
the Internet, a remote user has to know the IP address that your ISP assigns. However, if
you use a Dynamic DNS service, the remote user can reach your server by a user-friendly
Internet name, such as mynetgear.dyndns.org.
Set Up Port Triggering
Port triggering is a dynamic extension of port forwarding that is useful in these cases:
•
More than one local computer needs port forwarding for the same application (but not
simultaneously).
•
An application needs to open incoming ports that are different from the outgoing port.
When port triggering is enabled, the router monitors outbound traffic looking for a specified
outbound “trigger” port. When the router detects outbound traffic on that port, it remembers
the IP address of the local computer that sent the data. The router then temporarily opens the
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specified incoming port or ports, and forwards incoming traffic on the triggered ports to the
triggering computer.
Port forwarding creates a static mapping of a port number or range to a single local computer.
Port triggering, on the other hand, can dynamically open ports to any computer that needs
them and can close the ports when they are no longer needed.
Note: If you use applications such as multiplayer gaming, peer-to-peer
connections, real-time communications such as instant messaging,
or remote assistance (a feature in Windows XP), you should also
enable Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) according to the instructions
in Universal Plug and Play on page 81.
To set up port triggering, you need to know which inbound ports the application needs. Also,
you need to know the number of the outbound port that triggers the opening of the inbound
ports. You can usually determine this information by contacting the publisher of the
application or user groups or newsgroups.

To set up port triggering:
1. Select ADVANCED > Advanced > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering.
2. Select the Port Triggering radio button to display the port triggering information.
3. Clear the Disable Port Triggering check box if it is selected.
Note: If the Disable Port Triggering check box is selected after you configure
port triggering, port triggering is disabled. However, any port triggering
configuration information you added to the router is retained even though it is
not used.
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4. In the Port Triggering Timeout field, enter a value up to 9999 minutes.
This value controls the inactivity timer for the designated inbound ports. The inbound
ports close when the inactivity time expires. This value is required because the router
cannot be sure when the application has terminated.
5. Click Add Service to display the following screen:
6. In the Service Name field, type a descriptive service name.
7. In the Service User list, select Any (the default) to allow this service to be used by any
computer on the Internet. Otherwise, select Single address, and enter the IP address of
one computer to restrict the service to a particular computer.
8. Select the service type, either TCP or UDP or both (TCP/UDP). If you are not sure, select
TCP/UDP.
9. In the Triggering Port field, enter the number of the outbound traffic port that causes the
inbound ports to open.
10. Enter the inbound connection port information in the Connection Type, Starting Port, and
Ending Port fields.
11. Click Apply. The service appears in the Port Triggering Portmap table.
Dynamic DNS
If your Internet service provider (ISP) gave you a permanently assigned IP address, you can
register a domain name and have that name linked with your IP address by public Domain
Name Servers (DNS). However, if your Internet account uses a dynamically assigned IP
address, you do not know in advance what your IP address is, and the address can change
frequently. In this case, you can use a commercial Dynamic DNS service. This type of service
lets you register your domain to their IP address and forwards traffic directed at your domain
to your frequently changing IP address.
If your ISP assigns a private WAN IP address (such as 192.168.x.x or 10.x.x.x), the Dynamic
DNS service does not work because private addresses are not routed on the Internet.
Your router contains a client that can connect to the Dynamic DNS service provided by
DynDNS.org. First visit their website at http://www.dyndns.org and obtain an account and
host name that you configure in the router. Then, whenever your ISP-assigned IP address
changes, your router automatically contacts the Dynamic DNS service provider, logs in to
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your account, and registers your new IP address. If your host name is hostname, for
example, you can reach your router at http://hostname.dyndns.org.
On the ADVANCED tab, select Advanced > Dynamic DNS to display the following screen:

To set up Dynamic DNS:
1. Register for an account with one of the Dynamic DNS service providers whose URLs
appear in the Service Provider list.
2. Select the Use a Dynamic DNS Service check box.
3. Select the URL of your Dynamic DNS service provider. For example, for DynDNS.org,
select www.dyndns.org.
4. Type the host name (or domain name) that your Dynamic DNS service provider gave you.
5. Type the user name for your Dynamic DNS account. This name is the name that you use to
log in to your account, not your host name.
6. Type the password (or key) for your Dynamic DNS account.
7. Click Apply to save your configuration.
Static Routes
Static routes provide more routing information to your router. Under usual circumstances, the
router has adequate routing information after it has been configured for Internet access, and
you do not need to configure more static routes. You have to configure static routes only for
unusual cases such as multiple routers or multiple IP subnets on your network.
As an example of when a static route is needed, consider the following case:
•
Your primary Internet access is through a cable modem to an ISP.
•
You have an ISDN router on your home network for connecting to the company where
you are employed. This router’s address on your LAN is 192.168.1.100.
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•
Your company’s network address is 134.177.0.0.
When you first configured your router, two implicit static routes were created. A default route
was created with your ISP as the gateway, and a second static route was created to your
local network for all 192.168.1.x addresses. With this configuration, if you attempt to access a
device on the 134.177.0.0 network, your router forwards your request to the ISP. The ISP
forwards your request to the company where you are employed, and the request is likely to
get denied by the company’s firewall.
In this case you have to define a static route, telling your router that 134.177.0.0 should be
accessed through the ISDN router at 192.168.1.100. In this example:

•
The Destination IP Address and IP Subnet Mask fields specify that this static route
applies to all 134.177.x.x addresses.
•
The Gateway IP Address field specifies that all traffic for these addresses should be
forwarded to the ISDN router at 192.168.1.100.
•
A metric value of 1 works since the ISDN router is on the LAN.
•
Private is selected only as a precautionary security measure in case RIP is activated.
To set up a static route:
1. Select ADVANCED > Advanced > Static Routes to display the following screen:
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2. Click Add to display the following screen:
3. In the Route Name field, type a name for this static route (for identification purposes only.)
4. Select the Private check box if you want to limit access to the LAN only. If Private is
selected, the static route is not reported in RIP.
5. Select the Active check box to make this route effective.
6. Type the IP address of the final destination.
7. Type the IP subnet mask for this destination. If the destination is a single host, type
255.255.255.255.
8. Type the gateway IP address, which has to be a router on the same LAN segment as the
router.
9. Type a number from 1 through 15 as the metric value.
This value represents the number of routers between your network and the destination.
Usually, a setting of 2 or 3 works, but if this connection is a direct connection, set it to 1.
10. Click Apply to add the static route.
Remote Management
The remote management feature lets you upgrade or check the status of your router over the
Internet.
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
To set up remote management:
1. Select ADVANCED > Advanced > Remote Management.
Note: Be sure to change the router’s default login password to a secure
password. The ideal password should contain no dictionary words from any
language and contain uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and
symbols. It can be up to 30 characters.
2. Select the Turn Remote Management On check box.
3. Under Allow Remote Access By, select the extent of external IP addresses that are allowed
access to the router’s remote management.
Note: For enhanced security, restrict access to as few external IP
addresses as practical.
•
To allow access from a single IP address on the Internet, select Only This Computer.
Enter the IP address that is allowed access.
•
To allow access from a range of IP addresses on the Internet, select IP Address
Range. Enter a beginning and ending IP address to define the allowed range.
•
To allow access from any IP address on the Internet, select Everyone.
4. Specify the port number for accessing the web management interface.
Normal web browser access uses the standard HTTP service port 80. For greater
security, enter a custom port number for the remote web management interface. Choose
a number from 1024 through 65535, but do not use the number of any common service
port. The default is 8080, which is a common alternate for HTTP.
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5. Click Apply to have your changes take effect.
6. When accessing your router from the Internet, type your router’s WAN IP address into your
browser’s address or location field followed by a colon (:) and the custom port number. For
example, if your external address is 134.177.0.123 and you use port number 8080, enter
http://134.177.0.123:8080 in your browser.
Universal Plug and Play
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) helps devices, such as Internet appliances and computers,
to access the network and connect to other devices as needed. UPnP devices can
automatically discover the services from other registered UPnP devices on the network.
Note: If you use applications such as multiplayer gaming, peer-to-peer
connections, or real-time communications such as instant
messaging or remote assistance (a feature in Windows XP), you
should enable UPnP.

To turn on Universal Plug and Play:
1. Select ADVANCED > Advanced > UPnP. The UPnP screen displays.
2. The available settings and information in this screen are:
Turn UPnP On. UPnP can be enabled or disabled for automatic device configuration.
The default setting for UPnP is disabled. If this check box is not selected, the router does
not allow any device to automatically control the resources, such as port forwarding
(mapping), of the router.
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Advertisement Period. The advertisement period is how often the router broadcasts its
UPnP information. This value can range from 1 to 1440 minutes. The default period is 30
minutes. Shorter durations ensure that control points have current device status at the
expense of more network traffic. Longer durations can compromise the freshness of the
device status, but can significantly reduce network traffic.
Advertisement Time to Live. The time to live for the advertisement is measured in hops
(steps) for each UPnP packet sent. The time to live hop count is the number of steps a
broadcast packet is allowed to propagate for each UPnP advertisement before it
disappears. The number of hops can range from 1 to 255. The default value for the
advertisement time to live is 4 hops, which should be fine for most home networks. If you
notice that some devices are not being updated or reached correctly, it might be
necessary to increase this value.
UPnP Portmap Table. The UPnP Portmap table displays the IP address of each UPnP
device that is accessing the router and which ports (internal and external) that device has
opened. The UPnP Portmap table also displays what type of port is open and whether
that port is still active for each IP address.
3. Click Apply to save your settings.
Traffic Meter
Traffic metering allows you to monitor the volume of Internet traffic passing through your
router’s Internet port. With the traffic meter utility, you can set limits for traffic volume, set a
monthly limit, and get a live update of traffic usage.

To monitor Internet traffic:
1. Click ADVANCED > Advanced > Traffic Meter to display the following screen:
2. To enable the traffic meter, select the Enable Traffic Meter for Internet check box.
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3. If you would like to record and restrict the volume of Internet traffic, select the Traffic
volume control by radio button. You can select one of the following options for controlling
the traffic volume:
No limit. No restriction is applied when the traffic limit is reached.
Download only. The restriction is applied to incoming traffic only.
Both directions. The restriction is applied to both incoming and outgoing traffic.
4. You can limit the amount of data traffic allowed per month by specifying how many Mbytes
per month are allowed or by specifying how many hours of traffic are allowed.
5. Set the traffic counter to begin at a specific time and date.
6. Set up traffic control to issue a warning message before the monthly limit of Mbytes or hours
is reached. You can select one of the following to occur when the limit is attained:
• The Internet LED blinks green or amber.
•
The Internet connection is disconnected and disabled.
7. Set up Internet traffic statistics to monitor the data traffic.
8. Click the Traffic Status button to get a live update of the status of Internet traffic on your
router.
9. Click Apply to save your settings.
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8.
Troubleshooting
8
This chapter gives information about troubleshooting your router. After each problem description,
instructions are provided to help you diagnose and solve the problem. For the common problems
listed, go to the section indicated.
•
Is the router on?
Go to Basic Functioning on page 85.
•
Have I connected the router correctly?
Go to Basic Functioning on page 85.
•
I cannot access the router’s configuration with my browser.
Go to Troubleshoot Access to the Router Main Menu on page 87.
•
I have configured the router but I cannot access the Internet.
Go to Troubleshoot the ISP Connection on page 88.
•
I have configured the router but I cannot access my local network.
Go to Troubleshoot a TCP/IP Network Using the Ping Utility on page 89.
•
How do I set daylight saving time?
Go to Problems with Date and Time on page 91.
•
I want to clear the configuration and start over again.
Go to Restore the Default Configuration and Password on page 91.
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Basic Functioning
After you turn on power to the router, the following sequence of events should occur:
1. When power is first applied, verify that the Power LED is lit.
2. After approximately a minute, verify the following:
a. The Power LED is still solid green. An amber light indicates that the unit has failed its
power-on self-test (POST).
b. The Internet LED is lit.
c. The WiFi LED is lit. The WiFi radio is on by default.
d. The LAN LED is lit when any local ports are connected.
If a LAN port LED on the back of the unit is lit, a link has been established to the
connected device. If a LAN port is connected to a 100 Mbps device, verify that the
port’s LED is green. If the port is 10 Mbps, the LED is amber.
e. The WAN LED is lit when the router is connected to a wired modem.
f.
The Signal Quality LED is lit when the router has detected a mobile broadband
signal.
If any of these conditions does not occur, refer to the following table.
LED
Power
Action
Power LED is off.
•
•
Power LED is
amber.
Make sure that the power cord is correctly connected to your router,
and that the power supply adapter is correctly connected to a
functioning power outlet.
Check that you are using the power adapter supplied by NETGEAR for
this product.
If the error persists, you might have a hardware problem and should
contact technical support.
A fault exists within the router. Try to clear the fault as follows:
• Cycle the power to see if the router recovers.
• Clear the router’s configuration to factory defaults. This action sets the
router’s IP address to www.routerlogin.net. This procedure is explained
in Restore the Default Configuration and Password on page 91.
If the error persists, you might have a hardware problem and should contact
technical support.
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LED
Internet
Action
Internet LED is off.
Be sure the SIM card that you received is in the router. SIM cards from other
devices do not function in the router, and this SIM card does not function in
other devices.
Internet LED is
amber.
The router cannot connect to the Internet. Check the Internet connection
option being used.
• For the mobile broadband connection option, check the Signal Quality
LEDs.
• For the Ethernet connection option, check the WAN Port LED.
Internet LED is
blinking amber and
green.
The traffic meter feature is enabled, and the limit set has been reached.
WiFi LED is off.
The WiFi radio has been turned off. If you want a WiFi connection with the
router, press the WiFi button to turn the WiFi radio back on.
WiFi LED is not
blinking.
If this LED does not blink when you are attempting to send data over the
WiFi link, log in to the router menu using the Ethernet LAN connection, and
check your router’s wireless (WiFi) configuration.
LAN
LAN LED is off.
If this LED does not light when an Ethernet connection is made, check the
following:
• Make sure that the Ethernet cable connections are secure at the router
and at the hub or workstation.
• Make sure that power is turned on to the connected hub or workstation.
WAN
WAN LED is off.
If this LED does not light when an Ethernet connection is made using the
Ethernet connection option, check the following:
• Make sure that the Ethernet cable connections are secure at the router
and at the modem.
• Make sure that power is turned on to the modem.
Signal
Quality
Signal Quality LED
is off.
If this LED does not light when the mobile broadband connection option is
used, check the following:
• Check with your ISP to ensure that good coverage exists in the area.
• Ensure that your mobile broadband account is active.
• Ensure that the SIM card is inserted correctly into the router.
• Locate the router near the window or other area of the building. Make
sure that the Signal Quality LED is lit, indicating that mobile broadband
coverage exists with the router.
• Log in to the router menu and check the Internet configuration. Check
that the user name, password, and APN with ISP are set correctly. If
you use a PIN to connect to the Internet, make sure that it is entered
correctly.
WiFi
Troubleshooting
86
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Troubleshoot Access to the Router Main Menu
If you are unable to access the router main menu from a computer on your local network,
check the following:
•
If you are using an Ethernet-connected computer, check the Ethernet connection
between the computer and the router as described in the previous section.
•
Make sure your computer’s IP address is on the same subnet as the router. If you are
using the recommended addressing scheme, your computer’s address should be in the
range of 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254.
Note: If your computer’s IP address is shown as 169.254.x.x:
Recent versions of Windows and Mac OS generate and assign an
IP address if the computer cannot reach a DHCP server. These
autogenerated addresses are in the range of 169.254.x.x. If your IP
address is in this range, check the connection from the computer to
the router, and reboot your computer.
•
If your router’s IP address was changed and you do not know the current IP address,
clear the router’s configuration to factory defaults. This action sets the router’s IP address
to www.routerlogin.net. This procedure is explained in Restore the Default Configuration
and Password on page 91.
•
Make sure that your browser has Java, JavaScript, or ActiveX enabled. If you are using
Internet Explorer, click Refresh to be sure that the Java applet is loaded.
•
Try quitting the browser and launching it again.
•
Make sure that you are using the correct login information. The factory default login name
is admin, and the password is password. Make sure that Caps Lock is off when entering
this information.
If the router does not save changes you have made in the web management interface, check
the following:
•
When entering configuration settings, be sure to click the Apply button before moving to
another screen or tab, or your changes are lost.
•
Click the Refresh or Reload button in the web browser. The changes might have
occurred, but the web browser might be caching the old configuration.
Troubleshooting
87
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Troubleshoot the ISP Connection
Check these possible sources of trouble if you are having difficulty connecting to or browsing
the Internet.
Connect to the Internet
If unable to connect to Internet, check the following:
1. The Internet account is active.
If your ISP has provided you with a SIM card and you have not inserted it into the SIM
card slot on the back of the router yet, do so now.
2. Wireless broadband coverage is available where the unit is located.
3. Access the router main menu to verify that the broadband settings are correct. Check with
your ISP if you are unsure.
4. Check the location of the router.
a. Move the router closer to a window for better access to the Internet signal. A Signal
Quality LED that is off indicates no coverage.
b. Maintain recommended minimum distances between NETGEAR equipment and
household appliances to reduce interference.
Troubleshooting
88
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Troubleshoot Internet Browsing
If your router can obtain an IP address but your computer is unable to load any web pages
from the Internet:
•
The traffic meter is enabled, and the limit might have been reached.
By configuring the traffic meter not to block, you can resume Internet access. If you have
a usage limit, your ISP might charge you for the overage.
•
Your computer might not recognize any DNS server addresses.
A DNS server is a host on the Internet that translates Internet names (such as www
addresses) to numeric IP addresses. Typically your ISP provides the addresses of one or
two DNS servers for your use. If you entered a DNS address during the router’s
configuration, reboot your computer and verify the DNS address. Alternatively, you can
configure your computer manually with DNS addresses, as explained in your operating
system documentation.
•
Your computer might not have the router configured as its TCP/IP router.
If your computer obtains its information from the router by DHCP, reboot the computer,
and verify the router address.
Troubleshoot a TCP/IP Network Using the Ping Utility
Most TCP/IP terminal devices and routers contain a ping utility that sends an echo request
packet to the designated device. The device then responds with an echo reply. You can
easily troubleshoot a TCP/IP network by using the ping utility in your computer.
Test the LAN Path to Your Router
You can ping the router from your computer to verify that the LAN path to your router is set up
correctly.

To ping the router from a PC running Windows 95 or later:
1. From the Windows toolbar, click the Start button, and select Run.
2. In the field provided, type ping followed by the IP address of the router, as in this example:
ping 192.168.0.1
3. Click OK.
You should see a message like this one:
Pinging <IP address> with 32 bytes of data
If the path is working, you see this message:
Reply from < IP address >: bytes=32 time=NN ms TTL=xxx
If the path is not working, you see this message:
Troubleshooting
89
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Request timed out
If the path is not working correctly, you could have one of the following problems:
•
•
Wrong physical connections
-
Make sure that the LAN LED is on. If the LED is off, follow the instructions in
Connect to the Internet on page 88.
-
Check that the corresponding link LEDs are on for your network interface card and
for the hub ports (if any) that are connected to your workstation and router.
Wrong network configuration
-
Verify that the Ethernet card driver software and TCP/IP software are both
installed and configured on your computer or workstation.
-
Verify that the IP address for your router and your workstation are correct and that
the addresses are on the same subnet.
Test the Path from Your Computer to a Remote Device
After verifying that the LAN path works correctly, test the path from your computer to a remote
device.

To test the path:
1. From the Windows toolbar, click the Start button, and select Run.
2. In the Windows Run window, type:
ping -n 10 IP address
where IP address is the IP address of a remote device such as your ISP DNS server.
If the path is functioning correctly, replies as in the previous section are displayed. When you
do not receive replies:
•
Check that your computer has the IP address of your router listed as the default router. If
the IP configuration of your computer gets assigned by DHCP, this information is not
visible in your computer’s Network Control Panel. Verify that the IP address of the router
is listed as the default router.
•
Make sure that the network address of your computer (the portion of the IP address
specified by the netmask) is different from the network address of the remote device.
•
Check that your cable or DSL modem is connected and functioning.
•
If your ISP assigned a host name to your computer, enter that host name as the account
name in the Basic Settings screen.
•
Your ISP could be rejecting the Ethernet MAC addresses of all but one of your computers.
Many broadband ISPs restrict access by allowing only traffic from the MAC address of
your broadband modem, but some ISPs additionally restrict access to the MAC address
of a single computer connected to that modem. If so, you need to configure your router to
clone or spoof the MAC address from the authorized computer.
Troubleshooting
90
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Problems with Date and Time
The Email screen displays the current date and time of day. The router uses the Network
Time Protocol (NTP) to obtain the current time from one of several network time servers on
the Internet. Each entry in the log is stamped with the date and time of day. Problems with the
date and time function can include the following:
•
Date shown is January 1, 2000.
Cause: The router has not yet successfully reached a network time server. Check that
your Internet access settings are configured correctly. If you have completed configuring
the router, wait at least 5 minutes, and check the date and time again.
•
Time is off by one hour.
Cause: The router does not automatically sense daylight saving time. On the Schedule
screen, select an appropriate time zone and set or clear the Automatically adjust for
Daylight Savings Time check box.
Restore the Default Configuration and Password
This section explains how to restore the factory default configuration settings, changing the
router’s admin password to password and the IP address to www.routerlogin.net. You can
erase the current configuration and restore factory defaults in two ways:
•
Use the Erase feature (see Erase on page 55).
•
Press the Restore Factory Settings button on the bottom of the router for 6 seconds.
Use this method for cases when the administration password or IP address is not known.
The factory default settings are shown in Factory Default Settings on page 93.
Troubleshooting
91
A.
Supplemental Information
This appendix provides the following information:
•
Factory Default Settings
•
Technical Specifications
92
A
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Factory Default Settings
Use the Restore Factory Settings button on the bottom of your router to reset all settings to
their original factory default settings. This action is called a hard reset. To perform a hard
reset, press and hold the Restore Factory Settings button for 6 seconds. Your router
returns to the factory configuration settings that are shown in the following table.
Feature
Router
login
Default Behavior
User login URL
http://192.168.0.1
User name (case-sensitive)
admin
Login password (case-sensitive)
password
WAN MAC address
Use default address
WAN MTU size
1500
Port speed
AutoSense
LAN IP
www.routerlogin.net
Subnet mask
255.255.255.0
RIP direction
None
RIP version
Disabled
RIP authentication
None
DHCP server
Enabled
DHCP starting IP address
192.168.0.2
DHCP ending IP address
192.168.0.254
DMZ
Disabled
Inbound communication from the
Internet
Disabled (except traffic on port 80, the HTTP port)
Outbound communication to the
Internet)
Enabled (all)
Source MAC filtering
Disabled
Broadband
settings
Internet connection mode
Always use Mobile Broadband Connection
Mobile
broadband
Internet service provider
Verizon
APN
vzwinternet
Access Number
*99***3#
PDP type
IPV4V6
User name
None required
Internet
connection
Local
network
(LAN)
Firewall
Supplemental Information
93
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Feature (continued)
Default Behavior (continued)
WiFi
Wireless communication
Enabled
SSID name
See label on the bottom of router
Security
WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK mixed mode
Broadcast SSID
Enabled
Transmission speed
Auto (Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE
Standard 802.11 specifications. Actual throughput will
vary. Network conditions and environmental factors,
including volume of network traffic, building materials and
construction, and network overhead, lower actual data
throughput rate.)
Country/region
United States
RF channel
Auto
Operating mode
Up to 145 Mbps
Data rate
Best
Output power
Full
Access point
Enabled
Authentication type
Open system
Wireless Card Access List
All wireless stations allowed
Supplemental Information
94
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
Technical Specifications
Technical Specifications
Network protocol and standards
compatibility
TCP/IP, DHCP
Power adapter
•
•
North America: 120V AC, 60 Hz, input
12V DC @ 1.5A output
Physical specifications
•
Dimensions: 6.8 in. x 5.03 in. x 1.28 in. (173 mm x 128 mm x 33
mm)
Weight: 0.65 lbs without the stand (0.29 kg)
•
Environmental specifications
•
•
Operating temperature: 0° to 40°C (32º to 104ºF)
Operating humidity: 90% maximum relative humidity,
noncondensing
Interface specifications
•
•
LAN: 10BASE-T or 100BASE-Tx, RJ-45
WAN: 10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX, RJ-45
Antenna connection (optional)
•
SMA connector
Supplemental Information
95
B.
Wall-Mounting
B
This appendix provides instructions for wall-mounting your router.
Your router’s location can affect wireless connections. For example, the thickness and number of
walls the wireless signal needs to pass through might limit its range. For best results, place your
router:

•
Near an AC power outlet, close to computers you plan to connect with Ethernet cables,
and near locations where you use wireless computers. For best signal strength, the
router should be within line of sight of your wireless devices.
•
In an elevated location, keeping the number of walls and ceilings between the router and
your wireless computers to a minimum.
•
Away from electrical devices that are potential sources of interference, such as ceiling
fans, home security systems, microwaves, or the base for a cordless phone.
To wall-mount the router:
1. Drill holes in the wall where you want to wall-mount the router.
Holes should be 9.5 in.
(24.1 cm) center to center.
96
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
2. Install wall anchors in the holes.
Use pan head Phillips wood screws, 3.5 x 20 mm (diameter x length, European) or No. 6
type screw, 1 inch long (U.S.).
3. Detach the stand from the unit.
Wall-Mounting
97
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
4. Insert screws into the wall anchors, leaving 3/16 inch (0.5 cm) of each screw exposed.
3/16”
5. For best wireless performance, position the antennas at right angles to each other.
Wall-Mounting
98
C.
Notification of Compliance
NETG EAR Wireless Routers, G ateways, APs
C
Regulatory Compliance Information
Note: This section includes user requirements for operating this product in accordance with National laws for usage
of radio spectrum and operation of radio devices. Failure of the end-user to comply with the applicable
requirements may result in unlawful operation and adverse action against the end-user by the applicable National
regulatory authority.
Note: This product's firmware limits operation to only the channels allowed in a particular Region or Country.
Therefore, all options described in this user's guide may not be available in your version of the product.
FCC Requirements for Operation in the United States
FCC Information to User
This product does not contain any user serviceable components and is to be used with approved antennas only.
Any product changes or modifications will invalidate all applicable regulatory certifications and approvals.
FCC Guidelines for Human Exposure
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This
equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance of 20 cm between the radiator and your body.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
FCC Declaration of Conformity
We, NETGEAR, Inc., 350 East Plumeria Drive, San Jose, CA 95134, declare under our sole responsibility that the
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515 complies with Part 15 Subpart B of FCC CFR47 Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions:
• This device may not cause harmful interference, and
• This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
FCC Radio Frequency Interference Warnings & Instructions
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15
of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user
is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following methods:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an electrical outlet on a circuit different from that which the radio receiver is
connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
99
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
FCC Caution
• Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the
user’s authority to operate this equipment.
• This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
• For product available in the USA market, only channel 1~11 can be operated. Selection of other channels is not
possible.
• This device and its antenna(s) must not be co-located or operation in conjunction with any other antenna or
transmitter.
Interference Reduction Table
The table below shows the recommended minimum distance between NETGEAR equipment and household
appliances to reduce interference (in feet and meters).
Household Appliance
Recommended Minimum Distance
(in feet and meters)
Microwave ovens
30 feet / 9 meters
Baby Monitor - Analog
20 feet / 6 meters
Baby Monitor - Digital
40 feet / 12 meters
Cordless phone - Analog
20 feet / 6 meters
Cordless phone - Digital
30 feet / 9 meters
Bluetooth devices
20 feet / 6 meters
ZigBee
20 feet / 6 meters
Notification of Compliance
100
Index
Numerics
CTS/RTS Threshold 63
custom service (port forwarding) 73
4G LTE LED 8
D
A
dashboard 16
data packets, fragmented 33
date and time 91
daylight savings time 91
default DMZ server 33
default factory settings
listed 93
restoring 55, 93
default gateway 53
denial of service (DoS) protection 32
DHCP server 36
DHCP setting 51
diagnostics 57
DMZ server 33
DNS addresses 20
DNS servers 69
Domain Name Server (DNS) addresses 20, 51
Dynamic DNS 76
access
remote 79
viewing logs 54
access points 65
accessing remote computer 68
address reservation 37
advertisement period 82
alerts, emailing 48
attached devices 23
authentication, required by mail server 48
automatic firmware checking 58, 59
B
back panel 9
backing up configuration 55
base station, setting up 67
blocking
inbound traffic 68
keywords and sites 44
services 45
broadband settings 30
browsing, troubleshooting 89
E
email notices 48
erasing configuration 55
C
F
compliance 99
configuration file 54, 55
configuring
DMZ server 33
Dynamic DNS 77
NAT 32
port forwarding 72
port triggering 74
repeater unit 68
user-defined services 45
connecting wirelessly 11
control buttons 7
factory default settings, restoring 55, 93
factory defaults 93
firewall settings 43
firmware version 50
firmware, upgrading 58, 59
fragmentation length 63
fragmented data packets 33
front panel 7, 85
G
gateway IP address 20
101
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
multicasting 36
gateway, default 53
genie, NETGEAR 14
N
H
host name 19
host, trusted 44
NAT (Network Address Translation) 32, 33, 69
NETGEAR genie 14
Network Time Protocol (NTP) 91
I
O
inbound traffic, allowing or blocking 68
installing NETGEAR genie 14
Internet connection, setting up 19
Internet LED 8, 86
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) 70
Internet service provider (ISP), setup 19
Internet services, blocking access 45
interval, poll 52
IP addresses
auto-generated 87
current 50, 51
DHCP 14
dynamic 76
reserved 37
IP subnet mask 50, 51
outgoing mail server 48
P
packets, fragmented 33
Parental Controls 24
passphrases, changing 23
password recovery, admin 56
password, restoring 91
path to remote device, testing 90
ping, troubleshooting using 89
poll interval 52
port filtering 45
port forwarding 68, 71, 72
port numbers 45
port status 52
port triggering 68, 70, 72, 74
ports, LAN and WAN 8, 86
positioning the router 11
Power LED 8, 85
Preamble mode 63
preset security
about 21
passphrase 23
primary DNS addresses 20
prioritizing traffic 38
Push ’N’ Connect 17
K
keywords 44
L
label 10
LAN setup 35
LED descriptions 8
local servers, port forwarding to 72
logging in 14, 15
logs
emailing 48
viewing 54
Q
M
QoS (Quality of Service) 38
MAC address 90
mail server, outgoing 48
maintenance settings 49
managing router remotely 79
menus, described 16
metric value 79
mobile broadband settings 30
mounting modem router on wall 96
MTU size 33
R
radio, wireless 63
range of wireless connections 11
recovering admin password 56
remote management 79
repeater units 67
reserved IP adresses 37
restoring
102
LTE Broadband 11n Wireless Router MBR1515
W
configuration file 55
default factory settings 93
router interface, described 16
router status, viewing 50
wall-mounting modem router 96
WAN LED 8, 86
WAN setup 32
WiFi button 8, 86
WiFi LED 8
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) 17, 28
wireless channel 22
wireless connections 11
wireless devices, adding to network 17
Wireless Distribution System (WDS) 65, 66
wireless mode 22
wireless network name (SSID) 22
wireless network settings 21, 22
wireless radio 63
wireless repeating 65, 66
base station 67
repeater unit 67
WMM (Wi-Fi Multimedia) 38
WPS 8
WPS button 17
S
scheduling keyword and service blocking 47
secondary DNS addresses 20
security 21, 43
security PIN 29
sending logs by email 48
services, blocking 45
signal quality 9, 86
SIM card 11
SIM card settings 62
sites, blocking 44
SMTP server 48
SSID, described 22
static routes 77
status LEDs 7, 85
status, router, viewing 50
subnet mask 50, 51
system up time 52
T
TCP/IP network, troubleshooting 89
technical support 2
time of day 91
time to live, advertisement 82
time-out, port triggering 76
trademarks 2
traffic metering 82
traffic, prioritizing 38
troubleshooting 84
trusted host 44
U
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) 81
up time, system 52
upgrading firmware 58, 59
user-defined services 45
V
viewing
logs 54
router status 50
103