OWNER'S MANUAL
626862
ISSUED JULY 2012
REVISED AUGUST 2012
WELCOME
Thank you for purchasing this vehicle. Before driving the vehicle, we ask you to spend some
time reading this Owner’s Guide. This guide contains the information that will assist you in
maintaining this highly reliable vehicle. Some illustrations may show items that are optional
for your vehicle. This guide covers the operation of several vehicles; therefore, some
illustrations may not represent your vehicle. Physical differences in controls will be
illustrated.
Most of the service procedures in this guide can be accomplished using common, automotive
hand tools. Contact your service representative on servicing the vehicle in accordance with
the Periodic Service Schedule.
Repair or replacement parts are available through your BAD BOY BUGGIES retailer.
The following information is needed when contacting us concerning service or parts for your vehicle:
Vehicle Model ____________________________________________________________________________
VIN or Serial Number ______________________________________________________________________
OWNER’S GUIDE
HYBRID UTILITY VEHICLES
AMBUSH
Starting Model Year 2013
Never modify the vehicle in any wat that will alter the weight distribution of the vheicle, decrease its stability or increase the speed beyond the factory specifications. Such modifications can cause serious personal injury or death. Bad Boy Buggies prohibits and disclaims responsibility for any such modifications or any
other alteration which would adversely affect the safety of the vehicle.
BB Buggies Inc. reserves the right to incorporate engineering and design changes to products in this manual, without obligation to include these changes on units
sold previously.
The information contained in this manual may be revised periodically by BB Buggies Inc., and therefore is subject to change without notice.
BB Buggies Inc. DISCLAIMS LIABILITY FOR ERRORS IN THIS MANUAL, and SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES resulting from the use of the information and materials in this Manual.
TO CONTACT US
Bad Boy Buggies
1451 Marvin Griffin Rd.
Augusta, GA. 30906
FAX: 855-256-9900
E-mail: info@badboybuggies.com
For parts and repair contact your local dealer. To locate a local dealer please go online to our website:
www.BADBOYBUGGIES.com
Page i
GENERAL INFORMATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
This vehicle has been designed and manufactured in the United States of America (USA) as a
‘World Vehicle’. The Standards and Specifications listed in the following text originate in the
USA unless otherwise indicated.
The use of non Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) approved parts may void the warranty.
Overfilling battery may void the warranty.
Tampering with or adjusting the governor to permit vehicle to operate at above factory specifications will void the vehicle warranty.
When servicing engines, all adjustments and replacement components must be per original
vehicle specifications in order to maintain the United States of America Federal and State
emission certification applicable at the time of manufacture.
BATTERY PROLONGED STORAGE
All batteries will self discharge over time. The rate of self discharge varies depending on the
ambient temperature and the age and condition of the batteries.
A fully charged battery will not freeze in winter temperatures unless the temperature falls
below -75° F (-60° C).
For winter storage, the batteries must be clean, fully charged and disconnected from any
source of electrical drain. The battery charger and the controller are both sources of electrical
drain. Unplug the battery charger DC plug from the vehicle receptacle.
As with all electric vehicles, the batteries must be checked and recharged as required or at a
minimum of 30 day intervals.
BATTERY DISPOSAL
Lead-acid batteries are recyclable. Return whole scrap batteries to distributor, manufacturer
or lead smelter for recycling. For neutralized spills, place residue in acid-resistant containers
with absorbent material, sand or earth and dispose of in accordance with local, state and federal regulations for acid and lead compounds. Contact local and/or state environmental officials regarding disposal information.
WARRANTY
Separate inserts supplied in packaging with the vehicle provide information on Product Warranty and on Emissions Warranty. Failure to follow instructions for emission parts replacement may violate Federal Law (40 CFR part 1068.105 (b)) and be subject to fines and other
penalties as described in the Clean Air Act.
Page ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
SECTION
PAGE NO.
SAFETY ...................................................................................................................... 1-1
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS..................................................................................... 2-1
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 3-1
OPERATING PROCEDURES...................................................................................... 4-1
MAINTENANCE .......................................................................................................... 5-1
APPENDIX A ............................................................................................................... A-1
Page iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Notes:
Page iv
SAFETY
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
TITLE
PAGE NO.
GENERAL .................................................................................................................. 1-2
NOTICES, CAUTIONS, WARNINGS, AND DANGERS.............................................. 1-2
GENERAL OPERATION ............................................................................................ 1-3
MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................................ 1-3
VENTILATION ............................................................................................................ 1-4
LABELS AND PICTOGRAMS .................................................................................... 1-5
Page 1 - 1
1
SAFETY
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
1
This manual has been designed to assist in maintaining the vehicle in accordance with procedures developed by the
manufacturer. Adherence to these procedures and troubleshooting tips will ensure the best possible service from the
product. To reduce the chance of personal injury or property damage, the following must be carefully observed:
Certain replacement parts can be used independently and/or in combination with other accessories to modify an E-ZGO-manufactured vehicle to permit the vehicle to operate at or in excess of 20mph. When an E-Z-GO-manufactured
vehicle is modified in any way by the Distributor, Dealer or customer to operate at or in excess of 20mph, UNDER
FEDERAL LAW the modified product will be a Low Speed Vehicle (LSV) subject to the strictures and requirements of
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 571.500. In these instances, pursuant to Federal law the Distributor or Dealer
MUST equip the product with headlights, rear lights, turn signals, seat belts, top, horn and all other modifications for
LSV’s mandated in FMVSS 571.500, and affix a Vehicle Identification Number to the product in accordance with the
requirements of FMVSS 571.565. Pursuant to FMVSS 571.500, and in accordance with the State laws applicable in
the places of sale and use of the product, the Distributor, Dealer or customer modifying the vehicle also will be the
Final Vehicle Manufacturer for the LSV, and required to title or register the vehicle as mandated by State law.
E-Z-GO will NOT approve Distributor, Dealer or customer modifications converting E-Z-GO products into LSV’s.
The Company, in addition, recommends that all E-Z-GO products sold as personal transportation vehicles BE OPERATED ONLY BY PERSONS WITH VALID DRIVERS LICENSES, AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE
REQUIREMENTS. This restriction is important to the SAFE USE AND OPERATION of the product. On behalf of E-ZGO, I am directing that E-Z-GO Branch personnel, Distributors and Dealers advise all customers to adhere to this
SAFETY RESTRICTION, in connection with the use of all products, new and used, the Distributor or Dealer has reason to believe may be operated in personal transportation applications.
Information on FMVSS 571.500 can be obtained at Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500, or
through the Internet at the website for the U.S. Department of Transportation - at Dockets and Regulation, then to Title
49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (Transportation).
GENERAL
All vehicles can be used for a variety of tasks beyond the original intended use of the vehicle; therefore, it is impossible
to anticipate and warn against every possible combination of circumstances that may occur. No warning can take the
place of good common sense and prudent driving practices.
Good common sense and prudent driving practices do more to prevent accidents and injury than all of the warnings
and instructions combined. E-Z-GO strongly suggests that all users and maintenance personnel read this entire manual paying particular attention to the CAUTIONS, WARNINGS and DANGERS contained therein.
If you have any questions regarding this vehicle, contact your E-Z-GO Dealer or write to the address on the back cover
of this publication, Attention: Customer Care Department.
E-Z-GO reserves the right to make design changes without obligation to make these changes on units previously sold
and the information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice.
E-Z-GO IS NOT LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS MANUAL. E-Z-GO IS NOT LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES THAT RESULT FROM THE USE OF THE MATERIAL IN THIS MANUAL.
This vehicle conforms to the current applicable standard(s) for safety and performance requirements.
These vehicles are designed and manufactured for off-road use. They DO NOT conform to Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards of the United States of America (USA) and are not equipped for operation on public streets. Some
communities may permit these vehicles to be operated on their streets on a limited basis and in accordance with local
ordinances.
With electric powered vehicles, be sure that all electrical accessories are grounded directly to the battery (-) post.
Never use the chassis or body as a ground connection EXCEPT for grounding the gas engine starting battery.
Refer to GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for vehicle seating capacity.
Page 1 - 2
SAFETY
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Never modify the vehicle in any way that will alter the weight distribution of the vehicle, decrease its stability
or increase the speed or extend the stopping distance beyond the factory specification. Such modifications
can result in serious personal injury or death.
Do not make modifications or changes, E-Z-GO prohibits and disclaims responsibility for any such modifications or any
alterations which would adversely affect the safety of the vehicle.
Vehicles that are capable of higher speeds must limit their speed to no more than the speed of other vehicles when
used in a golf course environment. Additionally, speed should be further moderated by the environmental conditions,
terrain and common sense.
Operation of the vehicle is limited to persons above the height of 59 inches (150 cm).
GENERAL OPERATION
ALWAYS:
• Use the vehicle in a responsible manner and maintain the vehicle in safe operating condition.
• Read and observe all warnings and operation instruction labels affixed to the vehicle.
• Follow all safety rules established in the area where the vehicle is being operated.
• Leave the vehicle when there is a risk of lightning.
• Reduce speed to compensate for poor terrain or conditions.
• Apply service brake to control speed on steep grades.
• Maintain adequate distance between vehicles.
• Reduce speed in wet areas.
• Use extreme caution when approaching sharp or blind turns.
• Use extreme caution when driving over loose terrain.
• Use extreme caution in areas where pedestrians are present.
MAINTENANCE
ALWAYS:
• Maintain the vehicle in accordance with the manufacturer’s periodic service schedule.
• Ensure that repairs are performed by those that are trained and qualified to do so.
• Follow the manufacturer’s maintenance procedures for the vehicle. Be sure to disable the vehicle before performing any maintenance. Disabling includes removing the key from the key switch and removal of a battery wire.
• Insulate any tools used within the battery area in order to prevent sparks or battery explosion caused by shorting
the battery terminals or associated wiring. Remove the battery or cover exposed terminals with an insulating material.
• Check the polarity of each battery terminal and be sure to rewire the batteries correctly.
• Use specified replacement parts. Never use replacement parts of lesser quality.
• Use recommended tools.
• Determine that tools and procedures not specifically recommended by the manufacturer will not compromise the
safety of personnel nor jeopardize the safe operation of the vehicle.
• Support the vehicle using wheel chocks and jack stands. Never get under a vehicle that is supported by a jack. Lift
the vehicle in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
• Maintain the vehicle in an area away from exposed flame or persons who are smoking.
• Be aware that a vehicle that is not performing as designed is a potential hazard and must not be operated.
• Test drive the vehicle after any repairs or maintenance. All tests must be conducted in a safe area that is free of
both vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
Page 1 - 3
1
SAFETY
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
1
• Replace damaged or missing warning, caution or information labels.
• Keep complete records of the maintenance history of the vehicle.
The manufacturer cannot anticipate all situations, therefore people attempting to maintain or repair the vehicle must
have the skill and experience to recognize and protect themselves from potential situations that could result in severe
personal injury or death and damage to the vehicle. Use extreme caution and, if unsure as to the potential for injury,
refer the repair or maintenance to a qualified mechanic.
VENTILATION
Hydrogen gas is generated in the charging cycle of batteries and is explosive in concentrations as low as 4%. Because
hydrogen gas is lighter than air, it will collect in the ceiling of buildings necessitating proper ventilation. Five air
exchanges per hour is considered the minimum requirement.
NEVER charge a vehicle in an area that is subject to flame or spark. Pay particular attention to natural gas or propane
gas water heaters and furnaces.
Chargers must be installed and operated in accordance with charger manufacturers recommendations or applicable
electrical code (whichever is higher).
ALWAYS:
• Store gasoline vehicles in a well ventilated area to prevent gasoline fumes from accumulating
• Fuel vehicle in an area free from flame or spark, pay particular attention to natural gas or propane water heaters
and furnaces
• Work on or operate the vehicle in a well ventilated area to prevent the accumulation of exhaust gases such as carbon monoxide
• Always use a dedicated circuit for each battery charger. Do not permit other appliances to be plugged into the
receptacle when the charger is in operation
Page 1 - 4
SAFETY
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
LABELS AND PICTOGRAMS
1
Failure to follow these instructions could result in DEATH or SERIOUS INJURY
627498
Except where PERMITTED BY LAW: NEVER drive on public roads. Drivers must possess a valid drivers license in accordance with local state law.
AVOID FALLS from the vehicle: DO NOT start moving until all occupants are PROPERLY SEATED with SEAT BELT FASTENED and HOLDING ON. KEEP entire body INSIDE VEHICLE while moving.
Reduce the RISK OF ACCIDENTS: Always DRIVE SLOWLY in congested areas, on wet or loose terrain, and when backing up. DRIVE SLOWLY when turning and AVOID sudden stops. ALWAYS drive straight up and down slopes.
DO NOT coast, use BRAKE when going down a slope. NEVER drive this vehicle under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
This vehicle is NOT A TOY: Drive responsibly. NEVER leave children unattended or allow children to play on the vehicle. NEVER leave the key in the vehicle when parked.
DO NOT OVERLOAD this vehicle: NEVER carry more than 2 occupants on a bench seat. DO NOT exceed vehicle WEIGHT CAPACITY (see Owner’s Manual).
DO NOT MODIFY this vehicle: NEVER alter this vehicle to increase travel speeds above factory specifications. Alterations NOT approved or tested by Bad Boy Buggies can create unsafe conditions and increase your chance of having an accident.
READ THE
MANUAL
627498
NO PASSENGERS
IN TRUCK BED
WARNING
READ THE
MANUAL
MAX TAILGATE
HIGH CENTER OF
WEIGHT 100 lbs
GRAVITY MAY CAUSE
OR 45kg
TIP OVER
SECURE LOAD
MAX BED WEIGHT
500 lbs or 255 kg
74821G01
MAX
500 lbs.
255 kg
PP
MAX
5 in.
12 cm
MAX
100 lbs.
45 kg
MAX
14o / 25%
MAX SIDE
SLOPE 14°
DO NOT PLACE
BATTERIES IN TRASH
THEY CONTAIN LEAD
74821G01
MAX HEIGHT FOR
MAY CAUSE
CENTER OF GRAVITY
EXPLOSION
5” OR 12 cm ABOVE FLOOR
DO NOT FILL
FUEL CONTAINERS
IN TRUCK BED
35493G01
74099G01
74099-G01
75696G01
DO NOT RELEASE BED
LATCH WITH ANYONE
STANDING BEHIND BED
75696G01
WARNING
HOT SURFACE
Page 1 - 5
SAFETY
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
1
626419
626419
WARNING
READ THE
MANUAL
UNLOCKED
DIFFERENTIAL
LOCKED
GASOLINE
PP
H2O
74093-G01
74093G01
WARNING
DO NOT SPILL
FUEL ON HOT
ENGINE
CLEAN UP FUEL
SPILLS WITH
WATER BEFORE
STARTING ENGINE
HOLD TO ENGAGE
PP
3
2
PARKING
BRAKE
SHORTING BATTERY
TERMINALS MAY
CAUSE EXPLOSION
PP
1
P
NO TAMPERING
KEEP HANDS OUT
NEGATIVE GROUND
BATTERY
(GAS
STARTING)
UNLEADED
DO NOT
EXPOSE
TO FLAME
2 WHEEL DRIVE
(GAS ONLY)
TO
4 WHEEL DRIVE
Failure to follow these instructions could
result in DEATH or SERIOUS INJURY
Maximum deck load is 250 lbs. (110 kg)
The center of gravity of the load must not exceed 12 inches (30 cm) above the deck floor.
The load must be as far forward as possible and secured.
Top heavy loads may cause vehicle instability or tip over.
Drive slowly straight up or down slopes and in turns.
NEVER allow passengers to ride on load deck.
628942
628942
Failure to follow these instructions could
result in DEATH or SERIOUS INJURY
ALWAYS remain PROPERLY SEATED with SEAT BELT FASTENED and HOLDING ON.
ONLY 2 occupants on bench seat.
Children may need assistance to remain PROPERLY SEATED with SEAT BELT FASTENED
and HOLDING ON. NEVER leave children unattended.
KEEP feet, legs, hands and arms inside the vehicle at all times.
NEVER attempt to enter or exit a moving vehicle.
AVOID standing in front of or behind vehicle.
628943
628943
Page 1 - 6
SPECIFICATIONS
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TITLE
PAGE NO.
AMBUSH VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS........................................................................................................................2-2
AMBUSH VEHICLE DIMENSIONS ...............................................................................................................................2-3
2
Page 2 - 1
SPECIFICATIONS
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VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS
2
MODEL: BAD BOY BUGGIES - AMBUSH
TYPE: GAS / ELECTRIC PARALLEL DRIVE VEHICLE
MODEL YEAR: 2013
Part No:. 626640
PRODUCT SPECIFICATION
CONFIGURATION HIGHLIGHTS
Engine:
z Valve Train:
z Lubrication:
z Balancer:
16 hp (11.9 kW) rated, 4 cycle, 29.2 ci (480 cc) V-Twin, air-cooled Vanguard
Overhead valve
z Fuel System: Fixed float bowl with remote pulse fuel pump
Pressurized oil system, spin-on oil filter
z Ignition:
Electronic spark/magneto
Internal counter rotating balance shaft
z Air Cleaner:
Replaceable dry cartridge w/permanent pre-filter
Electrical:
Starter/Generator, solid-state regulator, 12 Volt maintenance free battery (525 CCA, 60 minute reserve)
Drive Train Gas Automatic, continuously variable transmission (CVT). Locking rear axle (Operator selectable from center console)
Drive Train Elec48 V DC (8 Brush) With Speed Sensor
Brakes:
4 wheel hydraulic brakes (Disc Front, Drum Rear). Hand operated park brake located in center console
Transaxle:
Differential with helical gears, ground speed governor, forward/reverse
Seating:
Two bucket seats
Cargo Bed:
Roto-molded cross-linked polyethelene. Lifts for access to powertrain. Removable hinged multi-position tailgate requires no latch mechanism
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Dimensions
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall Height
115.5 in (293.4 cm)
54.5 in (138.4 cm)
53 in (134.6 cm) Top of steering wheel
75.5 in (192 cm) with OPS
Wheel Base
79.5 in (202 cm)
Front Wheel Track
43.75 in (111 cm)
Rear Wheel Track
43.25 in (110 cm)
Gnd Clearance @ Differential 7.5 in (19 cm)
Cargo Box Width (inside)
44.0 in (112 cm)
Cargo Box Length (inside)
36.0 in (91 cm)
Cargo Box Depth (inside)
10.5 in (27 cm)
Cargo Box Capacity
9.6 cu ft (0.27 m3)
Cargo Box Material
Roto-molded polyethylene
Vehicle Power
Power Source
GAS: 4 cycle, 29.2 ci (480 cc)
Elec: 48V DC motor
Valve Train
V Twin Cylinder OHV
Horsepower (kW)
GAS 16 hp (11.9 kW) rated
Elec 20.6 hp (15.4 kW) pk
Electrical System
Starter/Generator, solid-state regulator
Battery (Qty, Type)
One 12 Volt maintenance free for starter / gen
4x12 V for Elec Drive
Key or Pedal Start
Pedal Start
Air Cleaner
Dry cartridge w/permanent pre-filter
Lubrication
Pressurized oil system
Oil Filter
Spin-on oil filter
Cooling System
Air cooled
Fuel Capacity
5.3 gallon (20 L) tank
Differential
Helical gears with manual lock-up (Rear Only)
Vehicle Power Cont.
Gear Selection
Front Axle Ratio
Rear Axle Ratio
Performance
Seating Capacity
Curb Weight
Bed Load Capacity
Vehicle load capacity
Outside Clearance Circle
Speed (Level Ground)
Towing Capacity
Steering & Suspension
Steering
Front Suspension
Rear Suspension
Service Brake
Parking Brake
Front Tires
Rear Tires
Body & Chassis
Frame
Front Body & Finish
Rear Body & Finish
Standard Color
Forward-Reverse
12.44:1
13.32:1 Fwd; 14.01 Rev
2 Persons
1700 lb (772 kg)
500 lb (225 kg)
800 lb (360 kg)
29 ft (8.8 m)
2WD Elec: 16 mph ± 0.5 mph (25.7 kph ± 0.8 kph)
4WD : 25 mph ± 1 mph (40.1 kph ± 1.6 kph)
500 lb (225 kg)
Self-compensating rack and pinion
Independent Mc Pherson Strut
Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
4 wheel hydraulic (disc front,drum rear)
Hand Operated
MudLite 25x10-12 Uni-Directional
MudLite 25x10-12 Uni-Directional
Welded steel with DuraShield™ powder coat
Injection Molded TPO
Steel. Base coat/clear coat
Matte Black
Some items shown may be optional equipment
2013 Bad Boy Buggies - Ambush
Released: June 2012
Revised:
Page 2 - 2
Specifications are subject to change without notice
* Field installed accessories may require installation charges
SPECIFICATIONS
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
2
75.5”
(192 cm)
53”
(134.6 cm)
79.5”
(202 cm)
43.25”
(110 cm)
rear wheels
115.5”
(293.4 cm)
43.75”
(111 cm)
front wheels
54.5”
(138.4 cm)
Maximum Recommended Ramp Grade
25% or 14° Max.
Maximum Recommended Side Tilt
25% or 14° Max.
Page 2 - 3
SPECIFICATIONS
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Notes:
2
Page 2 - 4
INTRODUCTION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
TITLE
PAGE NO.
OPERATOR CONTROLS ........................................................................................... 3-2
Key Switch / Direction Selector .....................................................................................................3-2
Mode Switch ..................................................................................................................................3-2
Accelerator Pedal ..........................................................................................................................3-2
Brake Pedal ...................................................................................................................................3-2
Park Brake.....................................................................................................................................3-2
Choke ............................................................................................................................................3-2
Momentary 4 Wheel Drive .............................................................................................................3-2
Differential Lock .............................................................................................................................3-2
FEATURES................................................................................................................. 3-3
State of Charge Meter ...................................................................................................................3-3
Fuel Gauge....................................................................................................................................3-3
Low Oil Pressure Indicator Light....................................................................................................3-3
Headlight / Blackout Switch ...........................................................................................................3-3
Winch Switch .................................................................................................................................3-3
Accessory Switch Location............................................................................................................3-3
12 Volt Power Outlet......................................................................................................................3-4
Charger Receptacle.......................................................................................................................3-4
Electric Lift Switch .........................................................................................................................3-4
Winch Remote Receptacle ............................................................................................................3-4
Truck Bed Latch.............................................................................................................................3-4
Truck Bed ......................................................................................................................................3-5
Tail Lights.......................................................................................................................................3-5
Rear Seat / Load Deck ..................................................................................................................3-5
Side Net.........................................................................................................................................3-5
Page 3 - 1
3
INTRODUCTION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
OPERATOR CONTROLS
1. Key Switch / Direction Selector
Located on the dash panel, this switch permits the selection of either
‘F’ (forward), ‘R’ (reverse) or N (neutral). Vehicle should be left with
the key set to OFF, removed from the switch and the parking brake
engaged when unattended.
2
1
ELEC
3
2. Mode Switch
Located on the left side of the dash panel, this switch permits the
selection of either gas powered rear wheel drive, electric powered
front wheel drive or four wheel drive utilizing both electric and gas
powertrains at the same time.
4WD
GAS
3. Accelerator Pedal
With the key switch set to ‘R’, ‘ON’ or ‘F’, depressing the accelerator
pedal starts the electric motor and/or gas engine depending upon
the position of the MODE switch. When the pedal is released, the
motor and/or engine will stop. To stop the vehicle more quickly,
depress the brake pedal.
4. Brake Pedal
3
4
Depress the brake pedal to slow and stop the vehicle. This vehicle is
equipped with four wheel hydraulic brakes; disc brakes on front and
drum brakes on rear.
5. Park Brake
The hand operated park brake is located on the console between the
front seats. The brake is engaged when the handle is pointed
upward and disengaged when the handle is parallel to the console
plate. When leaving the vehicle unattended, engage the park brake
by raising the handle until it is locked in place. To release the park
brake raise the handle slightly and press the button on the end of the
handle and push the handle down towards the floor.
6. Choke
5
6
7
Located on the front of the console between the front seats is used
as an aid to cold starting of the gas engine.
7. Momentary 4 Wheel Drive
Located on the console between the front seats. When driving with
the MODE switch set to the GAS (rear wheel drive) this switch is
pressed and held to engage the electric front wheel drive. The vehicle will revert to rear wheel drive when the switch is released.
8
8. Differential Lock
Located at the rear of the console between the front seats. The rear
drive axle is equipped with a manually operated locking differential.
With the lever in the forward position the differential is locked and
power is distributed to both rear drive wheels; with the lever in the rear position the differential is unlocked and power
will be transferred to the rear wheel that is loosing traction, once the wheel regains traction the power will be transferred to both rear wheels.
Page 3 - 2
INTRODUCTION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
FEATURES
1
3
ON
ELEC
3
OFF
4WD
BLACKOUT
GAS
5
6
2
4
1. State of Charge Meter
Located in the dash panel to the right of the mode switch, above the gas fuel gauge. The state of charge meter indicates the amount of usable power in the batteries, with ‘1’ indicating a full charge on the battery pack and ‘0’ indicating the battery pack needs to be charged.
2. Fuel Gauge
Located in the dash panel below the state of charge meter. The fuel gauge indicates the amount of gasoline in the fuel
tank, with ‘F’ indicating a full tank and ‘0’ indicating an empty fuel tank.
3. Low Oil Pressure Indicator Light
Located on the dash panel to the right of the fuel gauge. The light illuminates when the oil pressure is low. Check oil
level; if oil level is between ADD and FULL mark on dipstick, a mechanical problem exists within the engine and the
vehicle must not be driven. Contact a local distributor or authorized dealer.
4. Headlight/Blackout Switch
Located on the dash panel to the right of the low oil pressure light. The switch has three positions, ON, OFF and
BLACKOUT. In the ON position the headlights and all dash panel lights will be on, the OFF position will turn off the
headlights but leave the dash panel lights powered on, the blackout position will turn off power to all lights except the
State of Charge meter and the Low Oil Pressure Light.
5. Winch Switch (if equipped)
Located in the driver side glove box.
6. Accessory Switch Location
Rectangular hole plugs may be removed to accommodate switches for accessory items.
Page 3 - 3
INTRODUCTION
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7. 12 Volt Power Outlet
Located in the passenger side glove box. The 12 volt outlet will supply a constant
power supply for accessories equipped with a 12 volt plug.
7
3
8. Charger Receptacle
The polarized charger receptacle for the electric battery pack is
located in the seat wrap panel below the center console. Always
check to be sure the receptacle is free from dirt and debris before
connecting the charger cord.
10
8
9. Electric Lift Switch (if equipped)
Located in the seat wrap panel below the driver seat. Move the toggle switch up to raise the truck bed and down to lower the truck bed.
10. Winch Remote Receptacle (if equipped)
9
Located in the seat wrap panel below the driver seat. Winch accessory available for this vehicle may have a remote operation option.
11. Truck Bed Latch
Located at the front of the manual lift truck bed. To release the latching mechanism pull the handle upward then raise the front of the
truck bed.
11
Page 3 - 4
INTRODUCTION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
12. Truck Bed
Two truck beds are available, a molded plastic bed or an aluminum
bed.
13. Tail Lights
The tail lights are located in the rear below the truck bed, they are
controlled by the headlight switch on the dash panel.
3
12
13
14. Rear Seat / Load Deck (if equipped)
The rear facing seat is designed for two occupants, one on each
side of the seat. The load deck is created by unfolding the rear facing seat.
14
15
15. Side Net
Side nets are a standard safety feature provided with the vehicle
and must be properly secured before operating vehicle.
Page 3 - 5
INTRODUCTION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Notes:
3
Page 3 - 6
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
TITLE
PAGE NO.
VIN AND SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION ..............................................................4-3
BEFORE INITIAL USE ..........................................................................................4-4
PORTABLE CHARGER.........................................................................................4-5
Using the Charger .................................................................................................................. 4-6
Understanding the Charger .................................................................................................... 4-6
LED Operation Codes ............................................................................................................ 4-7
LED Fault Codes .................................................................................................................... 4-7
OPERATING THE VEHICLE .................................................................................4-8
4
STARTING AND DRIVING ....................................................................................4-8
Electric Powertrain.................................................................................................................. 4-9
Gas Powertrain....................................................................................................................... 4-9
Cold Starting ......................................................................................................................... 4-10
Starting On A Hill .................................................................................................................. 4-10
RUN-IN ................................................................................................................4-10
MOMENTARY 4 WHEEL DRIVE .........................................................................4-10
STARTING VEHICLE WITH DISCHARGED BATTERY ......................................4-11
COASTING ..........................................................................................................4-11
FUEL ...................................................................................................................4-11
BATTERY ............................................................................................................4-12
TOP AND WINDSHIELD .....................................................................................4-12
TERRAIN.............................................................................................................4-13
DUMP BED..........................................................................................................4-13
REAR FACING SEAT/LOAD DECK ....................................................................4-13
WINCH.................................................................................................................4-13
Winch Application ................................................................................................................. 4-13
Page 4 - 1
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Notes:
4
Page 4 - 2
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
VIN AND SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION
The VIN plate is riveted to the top of the cowl on the driver side.
Two serial number and manufacture date code plates are on the vehicle. One is placed on the steering column, the
other is located on the chassis under the driver seat bottom.
Design changes take place on an ongoing basis. In order to obtain correct components for the vehicle, the VIN number, manufacture date code, serial number, vehicle model manufacture date code, must be provided when ordering
service parts.
Improper use of this vehicle could result in severe injury or death. The AMBUSH is a light duty utility vehicle, NOT an All Terrain Vehicle (ATV).
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death resulting from loss of vehicle control the following warnings must be observed:
When driving vehicle, consider the terrain, traffic conditions and the environmental factors which
affect the terrain and the ability to control the vehicle.
Use extra care and reduced speed when driving on poor surfaces, such as loose dirt, wet grass,
gravel, etc...
Maintain a safe speed when driving up or down a hill. Use service brake to control speed when
traveling down an incline. A sudden stop or change of direction may result in loss of control.
To prevent loss of control, do not move the vehicle direction selector while the vehicle is in
motion. moving the direction selector will result in a sudden slowing of the vehicle.
Slow down before and during turns. All turns should be made at reduced speed.
Do not drive through water that is over 12 inches deep.
To prevent inadvertent movement when the vehicle is to be left unattended, engage the parking
brake, turn key to OFF position and remove key.
Make sure the key switch/direction selector is set to the Forward or Reverse before attempting to
start the vehicle.
Always bring the vehicle to a complete stop before shifting the direction selector.
Do not take vehicle out of gear while in motion (coast).
Check area behind vehicle before operating in reverse.
All occupants must be seated with seat belts fastened and front side nets latched. Keep entire
body inside vehicle and hold on while vehicle is in motion.
Page 4 - 3
4
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
BEFORE INITIAL USE
NOTICE
Record the four digit key number and store in a safe place. Individual keys
can only be replaced if the key number is known. Without a key number, the
entire ignition switch will have to be replaced if keys are lost.
Make a note of the key number in the event that new keys must be
ordered. The key number is stamped into the key and on the face of
the ignition switch. Both numbers must match.
4
Key Number
Be sure you understand the vehicle, its equipment and how to use it
safely. Read, understand and follow the safety and operation label
on the lower OPS cross bar. Although the vehicle has been designed
to provide safe and reliable operation, maintaining good performance depends, to a large extent, on the operator.
If this vehicle is to be operated above 5000 ft. a high altitude kit will
need to be installed in the carburetor.
Before a new vehicle is put into operation, the items
shown in the INITIAL SERVICE CHART must be performed.
Remove the battery charger for the electric motor battery set. Read the operation instructions for the charger
before charging the battery set.
Vehicle batteries, both the battery for the gas engine and
the battery set that powers the electric motor, must be
fully charged before initial use.
ITEM
SERVICE OPERATION
Battery
Charger
Remove from vehicle and read operating
instructions.
Batteries
Charge battery for gas engine and battery
set for electric motor.
Seats
Remove protective plastic covering.
Check the fuel tank under the passenger seat and fill
with unleaded gasoline (10% Ethanol blend is permissible).
Fuel
Engine
Check operation, adjust if necessary.
Check hydraulic brake fluid level.
Check air pressure, adjust if necessary.
See vehicle specifications for tire pressure.
Fill with correct fuel, regular unleaded, 10%
or less Ethanol blend is permissible
Check oil level (Initial change after 5-8 hours)
Check for oil or fuel leaks that could have developed in
shipment from the factory.
Key
Record key number, store in safe location
Check for correct tire inflation. See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS.
Brakes
Tires
Check the hydraulic brake fluid level.
Initial Service Chart
Remove the protective clear plastic, that protect the seat
bottom and back rest during shipping, before placing the vehicle in service.
Hydrogen gas is generated as a natural part of the lead acid battery charging process. A 4% concentration of hydrogen gas is explosive and could cause severe injury or death. Charging must
take place in an area that is adequately ventilated (minimum of 5 air exchanges per hour).
To reduce the chance of battery explosion that could result in severe injury or death, never smoke
around or charge batteries in an area that has open flame or electrical equipment that could cause
an electrical arc.
Page 4 - 4
OPERATION
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Hydrogen gas is generated in the charging cycle of batteries and is explosive in concentrations as low as 4%.
Because hydrogen gas is lighter than air, it will collect in the ceiling of buildings necessitating proper ventilation.
Five air exchanges per hour is considered the minimum requirement.
Never charge a vehicle in an area that is subject to flame or spark. Pay particular attention to natural gas or propane
water heaters and furnaces.
PORTABLE CHARGER
The portable charger will charge ONLY the battery set for the electric motor, not the single battery used for starting
the gas engine.
Installation
4
Ha
Provide Protection From Elements
ng
ing
Ho
les
Keep cooling fins clean and free of dirt and debris
NEMA 15 - 5R Grounded AC Receptacle
110 - 120 VAC. Dedicated 15 AMP Circuit
Locations outside the US and Canada: Reference
appropriate local electrical code and charger manufacturer recommendations for AC power requirements
(7. 3.1"
89
cm
)
Mounting Holes
Use charger ONLY on 48 volt battery systems. Other usage may cause personal injury and damage. Lead acid batteries may generate explosive hydrogen gas during normal operation. Keep
sparks, flames, and smoking materials away from batteries. Provide adequate ventilation during
charging. Never charge a frozen battery. Study all battery manufacturers’ specific precautions
such as recommended rates of charge and removing or not removing cell caps while charging.
Page 4 - 5
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Risk of electric shock. Connect charger power cord to an outlet that has been properly
installed and grounded in accordance with all local codes and ordinances. A grounded outlet is required to reduce risk of electric shock – do not use ground adapters or modify plug.
Do not touch uninsulated portion of output connector or uninsulated battery terminal. Disconnect the DC supply before making or breaking the connections to the battery while
charging. Do not open or disassemble charger. Do not operate charger if the AC supply
cord is damaged or if the charger has received a sharp blow, been dropped, or otherwise
damaged in any way – refer all repair work to qualified personnel. Not for use by children.
4
Portable chargers are shipped with the vehicles. Prior to vehicle or charger operation, the charger must be removed
and mounted on a platform or wall above the ground to permit maximum air flow around and underneath the charger.
A dedicated circuit is required for the charger. Refer to the charger manual for appropriate circuit protection. For
optimum performance and shortest charge times, place the charger in an area with adequate ventilation. The charger
should also be placed in an area that will be relatively free of dirt, mud, or dust since accumulations within the fins of
the charger will reduce their heat-dissipating qualities. Optimal cooling also occurs when the charger is placed on a
horizontal surface with the fins vertical. More airflow from below the charger will help cool the fins, so placement above
open areas or areas with cut-outs for airflow is desirable. If the charger is operated in an outdoor location, rain and sun
protection must be provided. The charger may get hot during operation and must be placed such that risk of contact by
people is reduced. The charger may be mounted on a wall or shelf using #10-M5 screws. The charger’s status display
must be visible to the user.
NOTICE
Looping the DC cord through the steering wheel when charging serves as a good reminder to store the cord out of the way when
finished with charging. The DC plug can be damaged by driving over or catching the cord on the vehicle when driving away.
An ungrounded electrical device may become a physical hazard that could result in an electrical
shock or electrocution.
Using the Charger
The charger may remain plugged into the AC outlet when not in use. To charge the vehicle refer to the instruction
labels on the charger. Insert the polarized DC plug completely into the vehicle receptacle. The charger will automatically start a few seconds after the plug is in place. The charger will automatically stop when the batteries are fully
charged and the DC plug can be removed to permit use of the vehicle.
Understanding the Charger
Plugging the charger into the vehicle’s charger receptacle will lock the vehicle out of operation. When the charger is
plugged into the vehicle’s charger receptacle, the charger will automatically turn on and the charger’s LED and the
vehicle receptacle’s LED will start flashing GREEN to indicate the batteries are charging.
Once a minimum battery voltage of 2 volts per cell (Vpc) is reached, the charger’s output current will change from a full
current charge to the trickle rated charging current. The length of charge time will vary by how depleted the batteries
are, the input AC voltage, and/or charger ambient temperatures. The charger’s LED will give a SHORT flash if the
charge is less than 80% and a LONG flash if the charge is greater than 80%. If the charger’s LED is a steady GREEN
the batteries are fully charged and the charger may be unplugged, although not necessary. The charger may be left
plugged in for long periods of time to maintain the batteries charge level.
If a fault occurred anytime during the charging the charger’s LED will quickly flash RED. The specific fault is indicated
by the number of RED flashes that occur, there will be a pause and then the flashes will repeat again. There are several possible conditions that will generate errors. Some errors will require human intervention to first resolve the problem and then reset the charger by unplugging the DC cord from the vehicle.
Page 4 - 6
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
If the AC voltage is interrupted and restored, the charger will turn back on automatically.
LED Operation Codes:
SHORT GREEN FLASH = less than 80% charged
LONG GREEN FLASH = more than 80% charged
SOLID GREEN = 100% charged
RED FLASH = fault code
LED Fault Codes:
RED FLASH: Light turns on briefly, but does not flash after that - check for valid AC voltage.
ONE RED FLASH: One flash, a pause and then again one flash and a pause - Charge Enable Fault: poor contact in the DC connector or dirty contacts or Battery Temperature Fault: battery temperature is greater than
122° F (50° C) or less than 14° F (-10° C).
TWO RED FLASHES: Two flashes, a pause and then again two flashes and a pause - Battery Voltage Fault:
Battery pack is less than 48.0 Volts or more than 67.2 Volts. Battery pack is too discharged or over charged for
the charger to work.
THREE RED FLASHES: Three flashes, a pause and then again three flashes and a pause - Battery Charge
Time-out: Charge time exceeded 24 hours. This may indicate a problem with the battery pack or that the charger output current was severely reduced due to high ambient temperatures.
FOUR RED FLASHES: Four flashes, a pause and then again four flashes and a pause - Battery Fault: Charge
time exceeded. This indicates a problem with the battery pack voltage not reaching the required nominal level
within the maximum time allowed.
SIX RED FLASHES: Six flashes, a pause and then again six flashes and a pause - Charger Fault: An internal
fault has been detected. If this fault is displayed again after unplugging the charger’s DC power cord and plugging it back in, the charger must be taken to a qualified service center.
To prevent a physical hazard that could result in an electrical shock or electrocution, be sure that
the charger plug is not damaged and is inserted into a grounded receptacle.
The power (AC) cord is equipped with a grounded plug. Do not attempt to pull out, cut or bend the
ground post.
The charging (DC) cord is equipped with a polarized connector that
fits into a matching receptacle on the vehicle. The receptacle is
located in the seat panel below the center console.
Page 4 - 7
4
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
OPERATING THE VEHICLE
Improper use of the vehicle or the lack of proper maintenance may result in damage or decreased performance.
Read and understand the following warnings before attempting to operate the vehicle.
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death resulting from loss of vehicle control, the following warnings must be observed:
4
When driving vehicle, consider the terrain, traffic conditions and the environmental factors which
effect the terrain and the ability to control the vehicle.
Use extra care and reduced speed when driving on poor surfaces, such as loose dirt, wet grass,
gravel, etc.
Maintain a safe speed when driving down hill. Use service brake to control speed when traveling
down an incline. A sudden stop or change of direction may result in loss of control.
Slow down before and during turns. All turns should be made at reduced speed.
Never drive vehicle up, down, or across an incline that exceeds 14° (25% grade).
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death resulting from improper vehicle operation, the
following warnings must be observed:
Refer to GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for seating capacity.
Depressing accelerator pedal may cause inadvertent vehicle movement. Turn the key to the ‘OFF’
position whenever the vehicle is parked.
To prevent inadvertent movement when the vehicle is to be left unattended, engage the park
brake, move direction selector to forward position, turn key to ‘OFF’ position and remove key.
Make sure that the direction selector is in correct position before attempting to start the vehicle.
Always bring the vehicle to a complete stop before shifting the direction selector.
Do not take vehicle out of ‘gear’ while in motion (coast).
Check the area behind the vehicle before operating in reverse.
All occupants must be seated and wearing their seat belts front side nets must be latched. Keep
entire body inside vehicle and hold on while vehicle is in motion.
STARTING AND DRIVING
This vehicle has two separate powertrains that may be operated individually to provide two wheel drive or at the same
time to provide four wheel drive. When the MODE switch is set to ELEC (top of switch pressed) only the front drive
axle is engaged, drawing power from the battery set. With the MODE switch set to GAS (bottom of switch pressed)
only the rear axle is engaged powered by the gas engine. With the MODE switch set to 4WD (switch in neutral position) both the electric and gas powertrains are engaged for four wheel drive.
When the vehicle is operated in GAS mode (rear wheel drive) the driver can quickly engage four wheel drive for a
short period of time by pressing and holding the MOMENTARY 4 WD (red button) on the console between the front
seats. When the button is released the vehicle will return to two wheel drive powered by the gas engine.
Page 4 - 8
OPERATION
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While operating in GAS mode (rear wheel drive) the vehicle can be changed on the fly from 2 wheel rear drive to full
time 4 wheel drive by setting the Mode Switch on the instrument panel to the 4WD (middle) position.
To reduce the possibility of roll-back which could result in severe injury or vehicle damage, do not
release service brake until engine has started.
Electric Powertrain
To operate the vehicle in electric only mode:
• Set the Mode Switch (2) to ELEC.
• Place the key in the key switch and turn it to the ON/N position. The green LED above the N and the LED above the left
corner of the Mode Switch should be lit unless the light
switch has been set to BLACKOUT.
1
4
2
• Turn the key to the desired direction; F for forward or R for
reverse. The green LED above the direction letter should be
lit to indicate the vehicle is ready to drive unless the light
switch has been set to BLACKOUT.
• Press the brake pedal and hold it down.
• Release the parking brake.
• Slowly press the accelerator pedal to start the electric motor
ELEC
4WD
GAS
while releasing pressure on the brake pedal.
• When the accelerator pedal is released the motor will stop
and the vehicle will slow down and eventually stop. To stop
the vehicle more quickly, press the brake pedal.
Gas Powertrain
To operate the vehicle in gas engine only mode:
• Set the Mode Switch (2) to GAS. Use of the choke may be required if the engine is cold, see Cold Starting.
• Place the key in the key switch and turn it to the ON/N position. The green LED above the N and the LED
above the left corner of the Mode Switch should be lit unless the light switch has been set to BLACKOUT
• Press the brake pedal and hold it down.
• Release the parking brake.
• Turn the key to the desired direction; F for forward or R for reverse. The green LED above the direction letter
should be lit to indicate the vehicle is ready to drive unless the light switch has been set to BLACKOUT.
• Release the parking brake.
• Slowly press the accelerator pedal to start the gas engine while releasing the pressure on the brake pedal.
• When the accelerator pedal is released the engine will stop and the vehicle will slow down and eventually stop.
To stop the vehicle more quickly, press the brake pedal.
Page 4 - 9
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Cold Starting
Starting a cold engine may require use of the choke. Depress the accelerator approximately 1" (2.5 cm) or until the
starter just begins to operate. Pull the choke out if required. Accelerate slowly and push the choke in completely when
the engine runs smoothly.
To operate this vehicle above 5000 ft. a High Altitude Kit will need to be installed in the carburetor.
4
Do not allow the starter to operate continuously for more than 10 seconds. Allow 30 seconds between starting
attempts. If the vehicle does not start on the third attempt, turn the key switch off and determine the cause of the problem.
If the vehicle had been running and the engine does not start within 10 seconds, use the choke.
Starting The Vehicle On A Hill
To reduce the possibility of roll-back which could result in severe injury or vehicle damage, do not
release service brake until engine has started.
Do not hold vehicle on hill by using accelerator and motor/engine. This will cause premature and excessive wear to
drive train components.
To reduce the possibility of permanent damage to the drive system, it is important to prevent excessive roll-back when
starting the vehicle on a hill.
Place left foot on service brake and release the park brake. Depress accelerator with right foot and release the service
brake by lifting left foot.
RUN-IN
Check for oil or fuel leaks that could have developed in shipment
from the factory. Avoid full throttle starts and rapid acceleration until
the engine has achieved operating temperature.
Fill Cold Engine
To This Point
Maximum Oil Level
For Hot Engine
Do Not Overfill
All engines consume more oil than normal during the first hours of
operation. As internal moving parts are run-in, oil consumption
should gradually decrease until the rate of consumption stabilizes.
Check the oil level per the Periodic Service Schedule. Add oil if the
level on the dipstick indicates that oil is in the add oil range.
Add Oil
Safe
Operating Range
Hot Engine
Check Oil Level on Dipstick
Do not overfill engine. Too much oil may cause smoking or allow oil
to enter the air filter enclosure.
NOTICE
The oil dipstick/fill cap must be in place before operating the engine. Failure to install the dipstick/fill cap will result in oil becoming
contaminated and/or being discharged into the engine compartment.
Page 4 - 10
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
The oil should be changed in accordance with the Periodic Service Schedule while the engine is warm. See SERVICE
AND MAINTENANCE and Appendix A (Briggs & Stratton Engine Manual) for checking oil level and changing oil procedures.
MOMENTARY 4 WHEEL DRIVE
When the gas powertrain is in use the Momentary 4 Wheel Drive button may be pressed to provide 4 wheel drive by
temporarily activating the front powertrain. The electric powertrain will operate as long as the button is pressed; when
the button is released the vehicle will return to 2 wheel drive powered by the gas engine.
STARTING THE VEHICLE WITH DISCHARGED BATTERY
4
Do not attempt to ‘jump start’ a vehicle using another vehicle.
The vehicle is equipped with a starter/generator. When starting the engine, the starter/generator functions as a starter
and with the engine running, it functions as a generator. Since the engine stops when the accelerator is released, do
not attempt jump starting.
With the running times associated with this kind of vehicle, the generator is more than adequate to maintain the battery charge level. The generator is not designed to charge a discharged battery.
If the vehicle is equipped with additional lights and/or a strobe light that is used when the vehicle is not in motion, the
starter/generator may not be adequate to maintain battery charge. If the vehicle battery has become discharged, it
must be charged using a 12V charger that is rated at 10 amps or less. Observe all instructions provided by the manufacturer of the charger.
COASTING
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death from coasting at above recommended speeds,
limit speed with service brake.
On steep hills, it is possible for the vehicle to coast at greater than normal speeds encountered on a flat surface. To
reduce the possible loss of vehicle control and severe drivetrain damage, speeds should be limited to no more than
the maximum governed speed on level ground (see GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS). Limit speed by applying pressure
to the brake pedal.
FUEL
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death from improper fuel handling:
Do not smoke near the fuel tank.
Do not refuel near open flame or electrical items which could produce a spark.
Always handle gasoline in a well ventilated area.
Always wear eye protection to protect against splashed fuel and fuel vapors.
Page 4 - 11
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Always allow adequate space for the expansion of gasoline. Leave at least 1" (2.5 cm) space
below bottom of filler neck.
Inspect fuel cap, tank and other components for leaks or deterioration that could cause a hazardous condition.
The fuel tank is located under the seat on the passenger side of
the vehicle. Make sure the spark shield mat is covering the battery located just in front of the fuel tank. Fill the tank with fresh,
clean, automotive grade gasoline. High altitude or heavy use/
load applications may benefit from higher octane gasoline.
Fuel
1" Min.
(2.5 cm)
Do not use gasoline which contains Methanol.
4
Spark
Some fuels, called oxygenated or reformulated gasoline, are
Shield
gasoline blended with alcohols or ethers. Excessive amounts of
these blends can damage the fuel system or cause performance
problems. If any undesirable operating symptoms occur, use gasoline with a lower percentage of alcohol or ether.
Use fresh regular grade unleaded fuel. Ethanol blend fuel up to 10% is permissible.
BATTERY
If the gas engine starting battery has become discharged, it must be charged using a 12 volt charger that is rated at 10
amps or less and in accordance with all instructions provided by the manufacturer of the charger.
TOP AND WINDSHIELD (if equipped)
The top does not provide protection from roll over or falling objects.
The windshield does not provide protection from tree limbs or flying objects.
To prevent damage to the vehicle, do not hold on to sun top struts and stand on body panels.
The sun top and windshield provide some protection from the elements; however, they will not keep the operator and
passenger dry in a downpour. This vehicle is equipped with seat belts and an OPS (operator protection system) the
sun top has not been designed to provide roll over protection. In addition, the sun top does not protect against falling
objects nor does the windshield protect against flying objects and tree limbs. Keep arms and legs inside of vehicle
while it is moving.
TOWING A TRAILER
The vehicle is equipped with a receiver that can be fitted with a standard 1 7/8” ball. The trailer and its load must not
exceed 500 lbs (227 kg) and no more than 50 lbs (23 kg) tongue weight may be attached to the hitch. Remember that
the overall capacity of the vehicle, operator, passenger, contents of load bed and accessories must be reduced to
compensate for the trailer and load.
The range of motion of the trailer is limited by the ball and hitch. The trailer should not be used on rough trails or over
objects such as logs, large rocks, holes, etc.
Never install baskets or extensions using the hitch receivers. Such items will change the performance characteristics
of vehicle and result in unsafe handling, possible roll over or vehicle damage.
Page 4 - 12
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
TERRAIN
The vehicle is NOT designed for use on public roads. The vehicle may be used on established trails or open terrain
that is free from stumps, large rocks or holes. The vehicle should not be used to cross water that is more than 12
inches (30 cm) deep or fast moving water.
Be aware of steep slopes, overhanging limbs or danger of fire when the gas engine is operated over dry combustible
material. Consult dealer for an available spark arrestor for this vehicle.
When traveling up or down steep slopes do not attempt to turn the vehicle around on the slope. Vehicle stopping distance increases when driving on wet gras, dirt roads or loose surfaces.
DUMP BED
Passengers should never be allowed to ride in the dump bed. Severe injury or death could result if
they should fall out or the vehicle is involved in an accident or sudden maneuver.
Be careful when loading the vehicle. Secure loads to prevent shifting. Do not overload vehicle. A dump bed warning
label is affixed to the inside of the bed on the front panel.
This label must be understood and observed at all times for safe operation of the vehicle. The dump bed is limited to
a maximum load of 500 lbs. The load must be positioned in the bed as far forward as possible, it’s center of gravity
must not be higher than 12" above the bed floor, and securely fastened down. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause personal injury, damage to the vehicle and/or cause the vehicle to tip over. Operate the vehicle with
awareness of the load.
Do not drive the vehicle with the dump bed raised or with the tailgate unsupported.
When using the optional electric dump, be sure to avoid backing up to the edge of a drop off, such as a loading dock
or ravine. A misjudgment of distance or an unstable surface could result in the vehicle falling backwards.
Always insure that no one is behind or close to the dump bed while the electric dump mechanism is being operated.
REAR FACING SEAT / LOAD DECK
Passengers should never be allowed to ride on the load deck. Severe injury or death could result
if they should fall out or the vehicle is involved in an accident or sudden maneuver.
The rear facing seat will accommodate two passengers with a combined weight of less than 400 pounds or, the seat
bottom may be folded out to form a load deck. When using the load deck, position the load as far forward as possible
and securely fastened down. The maximum load is 250 lbs and the center of gravity must not be higher than 12”
above the load deck.
WINCH OPERATION (if equipped with winch)
This vehicle may be equipped with an optional winch. Read, understand and follow all of the information supplied with
the winch on the operation and use of the winch before attempting to operate it.
The winch may have a remote control that plugs into the receptacle on the driver side of the seat support
Winch Application
A winch may be used for a number of purposes, including pulling the vehicle if it loses traction on unsuitable terrain.
Remote Control
Receptacle
Page 4 - 13
4
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Improper use of the winch could result in a number of conditions that could cause severe injury or
death to operator, occupants of vehicle or bystander.
It is impossible to predict all conditions that the winch could be used, therefore the following warnings should not be
considered as complete. Before operating the winch, consider the possible dangers and take precautions to protect
yourself, your passenger and any bystanders.
4
To prevent severe injury or death to operator, occupants or bystanders, select the object to which
the cable is attached with the following considerations:
Make sure the object cannot be pulled over or otherwise damaged.
The object the winch cable is attached to could fall on the vehicle and it’s occupants.
If attaching the winch to a dead tree, a section could fall.
When pulling vehicle with winch, pull straight only. Do not permit the cable to contact the side of
the drum.
Do not pull vehicle at an angle. If the vehicle is pulled at an angle, it could turn over causing severe
injury or death to anyone in the area. The winch cable could also become overstressed and break
causing severe injury or death to anyone struck by the cable.
The rear drive axle is equipped with a manually operated locking differential. With the differential unlocked, if one drive
wheel looses traction, all available power is transferred to that wheel until it regains traction. In normal driving this is
not a problem. However, if the vehicle becomes ‘hung up’ on an object, the vehicle will stop. With the differential
locked, power is distributed to both drive wheels at all times. If both drive wheels lose traction as a result of the vehicle
becoming ‘hung up’ on an object, the vehicle will stop. If the vehicle cannot be pushed off the obstruction, it will have
to be pulled off using the winch.
To prevent severe injury or death, read and understand the following before attempting to use the
winch:
The winch is not intended to be used in any hoisting operation.
The rolling load capacity of the winch decreases with the steepness of the slope.
The winch is designed for intermittent duty only.
The electric motor should not be allowed to become excessively
hot. If the motor becomes uncomfortably hot to the touch, stop
winching and allow the motor to cool.
Always wear thick leather gloves when handling the wire cable.
Replace frayed wire cable with a direct factory replacement
only.
Never operate the winch with less than five (5) full turns of cable
around the drum.
If the winch motor stalls from overloading, do not continue to activate the winch remote control. The wire cable may
become overstressed.
Do not attempt to pull loads exceeding the manufacturers maximum load rating.
Page 4 - 14
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Have all persons and pets leave the area while operating winch. Never allow anyone to remain in the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the wire cable, never hook the cable
to itself.Always use a nylon sling.
Stay clear of the winch, the cable and the cable hook. Place
a heavy cloth, jacket or blanket over the cable to act as a
damper should the cable break when operating the winch.
When operating the winch, keep the entire area in view.
Do Not Hook Cable to Itself
Never release the free spool clutch while the cable is under
load.
4
Never work around the winch drum or the winch cable while
it is under tension.
Unplug the winch switch before working on the winch drum
in order to prevent inadvertent operation.
When operating winch, take up slack slowly. Stop winch
before cable becomes tight and inspect all winching connections. Check winch attachment, hook attachment, nylon
sling (if required) and load attachment.
Nylon
Sling
Damper
Use a Nylon Sling and Install
a Damper when Winching
Do not pull at an angle. This will cause the wire cable to pile
up on one end of the winch. This may jam the winch causing damage to the cable and/or the winch. Pulling the vehicle at an angle can cause damage to the front suspension
and may cause the vehicle to overturn. When pulling vehicle, pull straight only.
If the vehicle is being used as an anchor to winch a load, it
should have the parking brake set and chocks installed on
all wheels.
Correct
Never use the winch to lift people or other overhead loads.
Do not use the winch to secure loads. Use a tie down
designed for the job.
Do not apply shock loads to the winch.
Incorrect
Do not attempt to modify or weld the winch.
Do Not Pull at Angle
Page 4 - 15
OPERATION
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Notes:
4
Page 4 - 16
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
TITLE
PAGE NO.
VEHICLE CLEANING AND CARE ............................................................................. 5-3
ROUTINE MANITENANCE......................................................................................... 5-4
LIFTING THE VEHICLE ............................................................................................. 5-4
WHEELS AND TIRES ................................................................................................ 5-5
Tire Repair .....................................................................................................................................5-5
Wheel Installation ..........................................................................................................................5-5
Unidirectional Tires ........................................................................................................................5-6
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT .................................................................................. 5-6
Headlight and Front Turn Signal....................................................................................................5-6
Tail Light / Brake Light ...................................................................................................................5-6
BRAKES..................................................................................................................... 5-6
Master Cylinder .............................................................................................................................5-6
GAS POWERTRAIN................................................................................................... 5-7
Engine ...........................................................................................................................................5-7
Starter / Generator Belt Tension ....................................................................................................5-7
Adjusting the Belt...........................................................................................................................5-8
ELECTRIC POWERTRAIN......................................................................................... 5-8
System Test ...................................................................................................................................5-8
AXLES........................................................................................................................ 5-8
Checking the Lubricant Level ........................................................................................................5-9
BATTERY CHARGING AND MANITENANCE ........................................................... 5-9
Safety ............................................................................................................................................5-9
Battery Disposal ..........................................................................................................................5-10
Battery Maintenance....................................................................................................................5-10
At Each Charging Cycle ..............................................................................................................5-10
Monthly ........................................................................................................................................5-10
Electrolyte Level and Water.........................................................................................................5-10
Battery Cleaning .......................................................................................................................... 5-11
Battery Removal and Replacement.............................................................................................5-13
Battery Charging..........................................................................................................................5-14
AC Voltage...................................................................................................................................5-14
Troubleshooting ...........................................................................................................................5-14
HYDROMETER ........................................................................................................ 5-15
Using A Hydrometer ....................................................................................................................5-16
PROLONGED STORAGE ........................................................................................ 5-16
Page 5 - 1
5
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Battery Set And Gas Starting Battery.......................................................................................... 5-16
Gas Engine ................................................................................................................................. 5-17
PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE............................................................................ 5-18
CAPACITIES AND REPLACEMENT PARTS ........................................................... 5-19
HARDWARE............................................................................................................. 5-20
5
Page 5 - 2
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
VEHICLE CLEANING AND CARE
When pressure washing vehicle, do not use pressure in excess of 700 psi or spray directly onto controls and switches. To prevent cosmetic damage, do not use any abrasive or reactive solvents to clean plastic parts.
It is important that proper techniques and cleaning materials be used.
Normal cleaning of vinyl seats and plastic or rubber trim requires the use of a mild soap solution applied with a sponge
or soft brush and wipe with a damp cloth.
Removal of oil, tar, asphalt, shoe polish, etc. will require the use of a commercially available vinyl/rubber cleaner.
The painted surfaces of the vehicle provide attractive appearance and durable protection. Frequent washing with lukewarm or cold water is the best method of preserving the painted surfaces.
Do not use hot water, strong soap or harsh chemical detergents.
Rubber parts should be cleaned with non-abrasive household cleaner.
Occasional cleaning and waxing with non-abrasive products designed for ‘clear coat’ automotive finishes will enhance
the appearance and durability of the painted surfaces.
Corrosive materials can collect on the underbody of the vehicle. These materials will accelerate corrosion of underbody
parts. It is recommended that the underbody be flushed occasionally with plain water. Thoroughly clean any areas
where mud or other debris can collect. Sediment packed in closed areas should be loosened to ease it’s removal, taking
care not to chip or otherwise damage paint.
Page 5 - 3
5
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
Preventive maintenance, applied at recommended intervals, is
the best guarantee for keeping the vehicle dependable.
This vehicle will give years of satisfactory service, providing it
receives regular maintenance. Refer to the PERIODIC SERVICE
SCHEDULE for appropriate service intervals.
LIFTING THE VEHICLE
Tool List
Qty.
Floor Jack................................................................. 1
Jack Stands.............................................................. 4
Wheel Chocks .......................................................... 4
5
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death
from a vehicle falling from a jack:
Always place chocks in front and behind the wheels
not being raised.
Be sure the vehicle is on a firm and level surface.
Never get under a vehicle while it is supported by a
jack.
Use jack stands and test the stability of the vehicle on
the stands.
Use extreme care since the vehicle is extremely
unstable during the lifting process.
Lifting Points
When lifting the vehicle, position the jacks and jack stands at the
areas indicated.
Remove payload from vehicle before lifting. No person(s) should be in or on the vehicle while lifting.
To raise the entire vehicle, install the wheel chocks in front and behind each front wheel.
Center the jack under rear differential skid plate, raise the vehicle and position jack stands
under the frame just in front of each pair of leaf spring mounting brackets welded to the
frame.
Lower jack and test stability of the vehicle on two jack stands.
Place the jack under the center front skid plate, raise the vehicle and position jack stands
under each front frame rail just behind the front cross piece.
Lower jack and test stability of vehicle on all four jack stands.
To lower the vehicle reverse the lifting sequence.
Page 5 - 4
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
WHEEL AND TIRES
A tire explosion can cause severe injure or death. never exceed the inflation pressure rating on
the tire sidewall.
To reduce the possibility of tire explosion, pressurize the tire with small amounts of air applied
intermittently to seat beads. Due to the low volume of the small tires, over inflation can occur in
seconds. Never exceed the tire manufacturer’s recommendation when seating a bead. Protect
face and eyes from escaping aire when removing a valve core.
Use caution when inflating tires. Over inflation could cause the tire to separate from the wheel or
cause the tire to explode, either of which could cause severe injury.
To reduce the possibility of severe injury caused by a broken socket, use only sockets designed
for impact wrench use for removal and installation of wheels.
5
Tire Repair
Tool List
Qty.
Lug Wrench, 3/4”...................................................... 1
Impact Wrench ......................................................... 1
Tool List
Qty.
Impact Socket, 3/4”....................................................1
Torque Wrench, ft. lbs ................................................1
Generally, the most cost effective way to repair a flat tire resulting from a puncture in the tread portion is to use a commercial tire plug.
If the tire is flat, raise vehicle and remove wheel. Refer to ‘Lifting the Vehicle’ for proper lifting procedure and safety information. Inflate tire to the maximum recommended pressure, immerse tire in water to locate the leak and mark the leak
with chalk. Insert tire plug in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications.
Use caution when inflating tires. Due to the low volume of the small tires, over inflation can occur in seconds. Over inflation could cause the tire to separate from the wheel or cause the tire to explode.
See GENERAL SPECIFICATION section for recommended tire inflation pressure. Under no condition should inflation
pressure be higher than recommended on tire sidewall. All four tires should have the same pressure for optimum handling characteristics. Be sure to install the valve stem cap after checking or inflating tires. The vehicle is fitted with low
volume tubeless tires mounted on one piece wheel rims
Wheel Installation
Front of
Vehicle
Rot
a
n
tio
To reduce the possibility of component damage, do not
tighten lug nuts to more than 85 ft. lbs. (115 Nm) torque.
1
NOTICE
It is important to flow the ‘cross sequence’ pattern when installing
lug nuts. This will assure even seating of the wheel against the
hub.
With the valve stem to the outside, mount the wheel onto the
hub with lug nuts (1). Finger tighten lug nuts in a ‘cross
sequence’ [pattern. Tighten all lug nuts to 50 - 85 ft. lbs (68 115 Nm) torque in 20 ft. lbs (27 Nm) increments following the
‘cross sequence’ pattern.
Valve Stem
Cap
Cross Sequence
1
Tire style may vary
Page 5 - 5
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Unidirectional Tires
Unidirectional tires may be identified by a directional arrow on the sidewall. Be sure to position the wheel on the hub correctly with the arrow indicating the direction of rotation when moving forward.
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT
To reduce the possibility of premature bulb failure, do not touch new bulbs with bare fingers. Use clean, dry tissue or
paper towel to handle the glass portion of the bulb.
Headlight and Front Turn Signal
5
For vehicles equipped with lights mounted in the cowl, locate
bulb socket on backside of light and turn bulb socket a quarter
turn counterclockwise to unlock and pull out bulb and socket.
Insert new bulb and rotate socket a quarter turn clockwise to
secure.
Inside
of Cowl
Similarly replace the turn signal light bulb, locate bulb socket
on backside of light bar and turn bulb socket a quarter turn
counterclockwise to unlock and pull out bulb and socket.
Insert new bulb and rotate socket a quarter turn clockwise to
secure.
Headlight
Bulb
Tail Light/Brake Light
To replace the tail and brake light bulb, roll the rubber bezel
from around the edge of the taillight and remove lens. Install
replacement bulb and replace lens.
Roll Rubber Bezel
Away From Bracket
Brake/Tail Light
BRAKES
This vehicle is equipped with four wheel hydraulic brakes; rear drum brakes and front disc brakes, the parking brake is
hand operated. Check the fluid level at intervals specified in the PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE; if fluid leaks are
noticed or the brake pedal seems soft check the fluid level immediately.
Master Cylinder
The master cylinder is located under the front of the vehicle, the reservoir is located behind
the instrument panel in the dash. To access the master cylinder reservoir remove three
phillips head screws securing the instrument panel in place, tilt the panel forward and
down. Before removing either reservoir cap, clean any dirt or debris from around the reservoir and caps.
Check fluid level in both reservoir sections, the fluid level should be between the MAX and
MIN lines.
Page 5 - 6
MAINTENANCE
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To fill the reservoir, remove the cap to expose the rubber diaphragm, remove the diaphragm making sure to keep it clean. Add enough brake fluid to bring the level up to the
MAX line. Collapse and replace the diaphragm and install the reservoir cap. Repeat the
process for the second reservoir. Clean any spilled brake fluid from the area. Replace the
instrument panel and secure it to the dash with three phillips head screws.
GAS POWERTRAIN
Engine
This vehicle is powered by a 16hp Briggs & Stratton V Twin Cylinder OHV engine. For all maintenance procedures for
the gas engine refer to the Briggs & Stratton Manual located in Appendix A of this owner’s guide.
Starter/Generator Belt Tension
Tool List
Qty.
Belt Tension Gauge .................................................. 1
Wrench, 1/2”............................................................. 2
Ratchet ..................................................................... 1
Socket, 1/2” .............................................................. 1
Torque Wrench, ft. lbs. ............................................. 1
Tool List
Qty.
Wrench, 3/4” ..............................................................1
Hex Bit, 1/4” ...............................................................1
Socket, 3/4”................................................................1
Pry Bar.......................................................................1
The starter/generator belt tension should be checked after the first
15-20 hours of operation and set to 75 - 80 lbs. (34 - 36 kg).
Tighten a new starter/generator belt to 115 - 125 lbs. (52 - 57 kg) tension when a gauge is applied half way between the two pulleys.
Although not as accurate, the belt may be depressed with a finger. A
maximum deflection of 3/8” (1 cm) is acceptable for a new belt.
Tighten an existing belt to 75 - 80 lbs. (34 - 36 kg) tension using the same
technique. A maximum deflection of 1/2” (1.3 cm) is acceptable.
Adjusting the Belt
3/8” (1 cm) Max. Deflection
for New Belt
1/2” (1.3 cm) Max Deflection
for Existing Belt
Adjusting Bolt
Loosen front and back pivot bolts of starter/generator.
Loosen adjusting bolt. Use pry bar to force starter/generator towards front of vehicle
until proper belt tension is achieved. Hold starter/generator in place and tighten
adjusting bolt.
Tighten pivot bolts to 25 ft. lbs. (35 Nm) torque.
Pivot Bolt
Page 5 - 7
5
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
ELECTRIC POWERTRAIN
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death from improper servicing techniques:
DO NOT attempt any type of servicing operations before reading all notes, cautions and warnings in this manual.
Any servicing requiring adjustments to be made to the powertrain while the motor is running
must be made with both drive wheels raised and vehicle properly supported on jack stands.
To reduce the possibility of motor damage, never operate vehicle at full throttle for more than 4
- 5 seconds while vehicle is in a ‘no load’ condition.
Reduce the possibility of accidental starting by disconnecting battery at negative terminal
before servicing.
5
Wear eye protection when working on the vehicle. Use extra care when working around batteries, or using solvents or compressed air.
To reduce the possibility of causing an electrical arc, which could result in a
battery explosion, turn off all electrical loads from the battery before removing
battery wires.
Wrap wrenches with vinyl tape to reduce the possibility of a dropped wrench
‘shorting out’ a battery, which could result in an explosion.
The electrolyte in a battery is an acid solution which can cause severe burns to
the skin and eyes. Treat all electrolyte spills to the body and eyes with extended
flushing with clear water. Contact a physician immediately.
Any electrolyte spills should be neutralized with a solution of 2 teaspoons (10 ml) sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) dissolved in 1 quart (1 liters) of water and flushed with water.
Aerosol containers of battery terminal protectant must be used with extreme care. Insulate metal
container to reduce the possibility of can contacting battery terminals which could result in an
explosion.
System Test
At monthly intervals, test the controller by setting the MODE switch to ELEC and allowing the vehicle to roll down an
incline with the accelerator pedal released. Braking force should be felt at approximately 2 mph (3 kph) indicating that the
system is functioning. If vehicle speed continues to rise, press on the brake pedal to stop the vehicle and have the vehicle inspected by a trained mechanic.
AXLES
The only maintenance required for the first five years is the periodic inspection of the axles for lubricant leakage. Unless
leakage is evident, the lubricant need only be replaced after five years, more often if vehicle is used in harsh environments. Refer to the Service and Repair manual for the fluid replacement procedure.
The front and rear axle do NOT use the same lubricant. Extreme care should be used when topping off or refilling the
axles.
The axles use different lubricant, do NOT mix oils in an axle. The front axle contains 13.8 ounces of 90 weight gear oil,
the rear axle contains 48 ounces of SAE 30 weight oil.
Page 5 - 8
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Checking the Lubricant Level
Clean the area around the check/fill plug and remove the plug. The correct lubricant level is just below the bottom of the
threaded hole. If lubricant is low, add lubricant as required. Add lubricant slowly until it starts to seep from the hole.
Install the check/fill plug.
BATTERY CHARGING AND MAINTENANCE
Safety
Always observe the following warnings when working on or near batteries.
To prevent battery explosion that could result in severe personal injury or death, keep all smoking
materials, open flames or sparks away from the batteries.
Hydrogen gas is formed when charging batteries. Do not charge batteries without adequate ventilation. A 4% concentration of hydrogen gas is explosive.
Be sure that the key switch is off and all electrical accessories are turned off before starting work
on the vehicle.
Never disconnect a circuit under load at a battery terminal.
Batteries are heavy. Use proper lifting techniques when moving them.
Always lift the battery with a commercially available battery lifting device.
Use care not to tip batteries when removing or installing them; spilled
electrolyte can cause burns and damage.
The electrolyte in a storage battery is an acid solution which can cause
severe burns to the skin and eyes. Treat all electrolyte spills to the body
and eyes with extended flushing with clear water. Contact a physician
immediately.
Always wear a safety shield or approved safety goggles when adding water
or charging batteries.
Any electrolyte spills should be neutralized with a solution of 1/4 cup (60 ml)
sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) dissolved in 1 1/2 gallons (6 liters) of
water and flushed with water.
Overfilling batteries may result in electrolyte being spilled from the battery during the charge
cycle. Expelled electrolyte may cause damage to the vehicle and storage facility.
Aerosol containers of battery terminal protectant must be used with extreme care. Insulate
metal container to prevent can from contacting battery terminals which could result in an
explosion.
Wrap wrenches with vinyl tape to prevent the possibility of a dropped wrench from
’shorting out’ a battery, which could result in an explosion and severe personal injury or death.
Battery Disposal
Lead-acid batteries are recyclable. Return whole scrap batteries to distributor, manufacturer or lead smelter for recycling. For neutralized spells, place residue in acid-resistant containers with absorbent material, sand or earth and dispose of in accordance with local, state and federal regulations for acid and lead compounds. Contact local and/or state
environmental officials regarding disposal information.
Page 5 - 9
5
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Battery
A battery is defined as two dissimilar metals immersed in an acid. If the acid is absent or if the metals are not dissimilar,
a battery has not been created. The batteries most commonly used in these vehicles are lead acid.
A battery does not store electricity, but is able to produce electricity as the result of a chemical reaction which releases
stored chemical energy in the form of electrical energy. The chemical reaction takes place faster in warm conditions and
slower in cold conditions. Temperature is important when conducting tests on a battery and test results must be corrected
to compensate for temperature differences.
As a battery ages, it still performs adequately except that its capacity is diminished. Capacity describes the time that a
battery can continue to provide its design amperes from a full charge.
A battery has a maximum life, therefore good maintenance is designed to maximize the available life and reduce the factors that can reduce the life of the battery.
Battery Maintenance
Tool List
5
Qty.
Insulated Wrench, 9/16” .............................................. 1
Hydrometer ................................................................. 1
Battery Protective Spray ............................................. 1
Tool List
Qty.
Battery Carrier......................................................... 1
Battery Maintenance Kit P/N 25587-G01................ 1
At Each Charging Cycle
To reduce the possibility of fire, never attach a battery charger to a vehicle that is to be unattended
beyond the normal charging cycle. Overcharging could cause damage to the vehicle batteries and
result in extreme overheating. The charger should be checked after 24 hours and unplugged after
the charge cycle is complete.
Before charging the batteries, inspect the plug of the battery charger and vehicle receptacle housing for dirt or debris.
Charge the batteries after each day’s use.
Monthly
•
•
•
•
Inspect all wiring for fraying, loose terminations, corrosion or deterioration of insulation.
Check that the electrolyte level is correct and add suitable water as required.
Clean the batteries and wire terminations.
Coat battery terminals with commercially available protectant.
Electrolyte Level and Water
The correct level of the electrolyte is 1/2” (13 mm) above the plates in each cell.
This level will leave approximately 1/4” - 3/8” (6 - 10 mm) of space between the electrolyte and the vent tube. The electrolyte level is important since any portion of the plates exposed to air will be ruined beyond repair. Also avoid filling with
too much water, which will result in electrolyte being forced out of the battery due to gassing and a decrease in volume of
the electrolyte that results from the charging cycle.
DO NOT overfill batteries. The charging cycle will expel electrolyte and result in component damage.
Page 5 - 10
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
A battery being charged will ’gas’ with the majority of the gassing taking place at the end of the charging cycle. This gas is
hydrogen with is lighter than air. Water and sulfuric acid droplets will be carried out of the battery vents by the hydrogen
gas, however, this loss is minimal. If the battery electrolyte
level is too high, the electrolyte will block the vent tube and
the gas will force it out of the vent tube and battery cap. The
water will evaporate but the sulfuric acid will remain where it
can damage vehicle components and the storage facility
floor. Sulfuric acid loss will weaken the concentration of acid
within the electrolyte and reduce the life of the battery,
Over the life of the battery, a considerable amount of water is
consumed. It is important that the water used be pure and
free of contaminants that could reduce the life of the battery
by reducing the chemical reaction. The water must be distilled or purified by an efficient filtration system. Water that is
not distilled should be analyzed and, if required, filtration
installed to permit the water to meet the requirements of the
water purity table.
Even if the water is colorless, odorless, tasteless and fit for
drinking, the water should be analyzed to see that it does not
exceed the impurity levels specified in the table.
Vent Cap
Gas Vent
Expansion
Space
Vent
1/4” to 3/8”
(6 mm to 10mm)
1/2” (13 mm)
5
Plates
Electrolyte level should be at least 1/2” (13mm) above the
plates and 1/4” to 3/8” (6 to 10 mm) below vent
Correct Electrolyte Level
Impurity
Parts Per
Million
Color
Suspended
Total Solids
Calcium & Magnesium Oxides
Iton
Ammonia
Organic & Volatile Matter
Nitrites
Nitrates
Chloride
Clear
Trace
100
40
5
8
50
5
10
5
Water Purity Table
The electrolyte in a storage battery is an acid solution which can cause severe burns to the skin
and eyes. Treat all electrolyte spills to the body and eyes with extended flushing with clear water.
Contact a physician immediately.
Any electrolyte spills should be neutralized with a solution of 1/4 cup (60 ml)
sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) dissolved in 1 1/2 gallons (6 liters) of water
and flushed with water.
Always wear a safety shield or approved safety goggles when adding water or charging batteries.
Battery Cleaning
To prevent battery damage, be sure that all battery caps are tightly installed.
Page 5 - 11
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
To reduce the possibility of damage to vehicle or floor, neutralize acid before rinsing battery.
To reduce the possibility of damage to electrical components while cleaning, do not use a pressure washer.
Cleaning should take place per the Periodic Service Schedule.
When cleaning the outside of the batteries and terminals, do not use a water hose without first spraying the batteries with
a solution of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and water to neutralize any acid deposits. Use of a water hose without
first neutralizing the acid will move the acid from the top of the batteries to another area of the vehicle or storage facility,
where it will attack the metal structure or the concrete/asphalt floor. After hosing down the batteries, a residue will be left
on the batteries which is conductive and will contribute to the discharge of the batteries.
NOTICE
To reduce the possibility of battery explosion that could result in severe injury or death, do not use metallic spray wand to clean battery and keep all smoking materials, open flame or sparks away from the battery.
5
The correct cleaning technique is to spray the top and sides of the batteries with a solution of baking soda and water.
This solution is best applied with a garden-type sprayer equipped with a non-metallic spray wand or plastic spray bottle.
The solution should consist of 1/4 cup (60 ml) of baking soda mixed with 1 1/2 gallons (6 liters) of clear water. In addition
to the batteries special attention should be paid to metallic components adjacent to the batteries, these should also be
sprayed with the baking soda solution.
Allow the solution to
set for at least three
minutes; use a soft
bristle brush or cloth
to wipe the tops of
the batteries in order
to remove any residue that could cause
the self-discharge of
the battery. Rinse
the entire area with
low pressure clear
water. All of the
items required for
complete battery
cleaning and watering are contained in
the Battery Maintenance Kit (P/N
25587-G01).
Non-Metalic Wand
1/4 Cup (60 ML)
Baking Soda
1 quart
(1 liter)
Clear Water
2 Teaspoons
(10 ml)
Sodium
OR Bicarbonate
(Baking Soda)
2 GAL (8 Liters)
Gargen Sprayer
(1 1/2 GAL (6 Liters)
Baking Soda Solution
Plastic
Spray
Bottle
Cleaning should
take place once a
1 1/2 GAL (6 Liters) Water
month or more often
under extreme conditions. After batteries are clean and
Preparing Acid Neutralizing Solution
dry, the terminals
should be coated
with a commercially available protectant. Aerosol containers of battery terminal protectant must be used with
extreme care. Insulate the metal container to prevent the can from contacting the battery terminals.
Page 5 - 12
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Battery Removal and Replacement
Remove battery hold downs and cables. Lift out
batteries with a commercially available lifting
device.
If the batteries have been cleaned and any acid
in the battery rack areas neutralized as recommended, no corrosion to the battery racks or surrounding area should be present. Any corrosion
found should be immediately removed with a
putty knife and a wire brush. The area should be
washed with a solution of sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda) and water and thoroughly dried
before priming and painting with a corrosion
resistant paint.
To Controller B-
4
3
The batteries should be placed into the battery
racks and the battery hold downs tightened to 45
- 55 in. lbs. (5 - 6 Nm) torque, to prevent movement but not tight enough to cause distortion of
the battery cases.
Inspect all wires and terminals. Clean any corrosion from the battery terminals or the wire terminals with a solution of sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda) and brush clean if required.
To Slow Blow Fuse
1
2
Use care to connect the battery wires as shown.
Tighten the battery post hardware to 90 - 100 in.
lbs. (6 -8 Nm) torque. Do not over-torque the terBATTERY CONNECTIONS
minal stud nut, this will cause a “mushroom”
effect on the battery post which will prevent the terminal nut from being properly tightened.Protect the battery terminals
and battery wire terminals with a commercially available coating.
To prevent battery explosion that could result in severe personal injury or death, extreme care
must be used with aerosol containers of battery terminal protectant. Insulate the metal container
to prevent the metal can from contacting battery terminals which could result in an explosion.
Page 5 - 13
5
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
In winter conditions, the battery must be fully charged to prevent the possibility of freezing. A fully charged battery will not
freeze in temperatures above -75° F (-60° C). Although the
chemical reaction is slowed in cold temperatures, the battery
must be stored fully charged, and disconnected from any circuit that could discharge the battery. The controller should be
disconnected from the batteries by setting the Run-Tow/Maintenance/Storage switch, located under the passenger seat, to
the ‘TOW/MAINTENANCE/STORAGE’ position. For portable
chargers, disconnect the charging plug from the vehicle
receptacle. For on-board chargers, disconnect the charging
harness from the batteries. The batteries must be cleaned
and all deposits neutralized and removed from the battery
case to prevent self discharge. The batteries should be tested
or recharged at thirty day minimum intervals.
5
Battery Charging
The battery charger is designed to fully charge the battery set.
If the batteries are severely deep cycled, some automatic battery chargers contain an electronic module that may not activate and the battery charger will not function. Automatic
chargers will determine the correct duration of charge to the
battery set and will shut off when the battery set is fully
charged. Always refer to the instructions of the specific charger used.
OF
OC
E +15 -9
L
E +5 -15
C
-5 -21
T
R
O -15 -26
L
Y -25 -32
T
E -35 -37
T
E
M
P
E
R
A
T
U
R
E
-45 -43
-55 -48
-65 -54
-75 -60
-85 -65
-95 -71
1.100
1.140
1.120
1.180
1.160
1.220
1.200
1.260
1.240
1.300
1.280
SPECIFIC GRAVITY ELECTROLYTE FREEZING POINT
Before charging, the following should be observed:
Do not overfill batteries. The charging cycle will expel electrolyte and result in component damage.
• The electrolyte level in all cells must be at the recommended level and cover the plates.
• The charging must take place in an area that is well ventilated and capable of removing the hydrogen gas that
is generated by the charging process. A minimum of five air exchanges per hour is recommended.
• The charging connector components must be in good condition and free from dirt or debris.
• The charger connector must be fully inserted into the vehicle receptacle.
• The charger connector/cord set is protected from damage and is located in an area to prevent injury that may
result from personnel running over or tripping over the cord set.
• The charger is automatically turned off during the connect/disconnect cycle and therefore no electrical arc is
generated at the DC plug/receptacle contacts.
NOTICE
In some portable chargers, there will be a rattle present in the body of the charger DC plug. This rattle is caused by an internal magnet contained within the charger plug. The magnet is part of the interlock system that prevents the vehicle from being driven when
the charger plug is inserted in the vehicle charging receptacle.
AC Voltage
Battery charger output is directly related to the input voltage. If multiple vehicles are receiving an incomplete charge in a
normally adequate time period, low AC voltage could be the cause and the power company should be consulted.
Troubleshooting
In general, troubleshooting will be done for two distinct reasons. First, a battery that performs poorly and is outside of the
manufacturers specification should be identified in order to replace it under the terms of the manufacturer’s warranty. Different manufacturers have different requirements. Consult the battery manufacturer or the manufacturer’s representative
for specific requirements.
Page 5 - 14
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
The second reason is to determine why a particular vehicle does not perform adequately. Performance problems may
result in a vehicle that runs slowly or in a vehicle that is unable to operate for the time required.
A new battery must mature before it will develop its maximum capacity. Maturing may take up to 100 charge/discharge
cycles. After the maturing phase, the older a battery gets, the lower the capacity. The only way to determine the capacity
of a battery is to perform a load test using a discharge machine following manufacturer’s recommendations.
A cost effective way to identify a poorly performing battery is to use a hydrometer to identify a battery in a set with a
lower than normal specific gravity. Once the particular cell or cells that are the problem are identified, the suspect battery
can be removed and replaced. At this point there is nothing that can be done to salvage the battery; however, the individual battery should be replaced with a good battery of the same brand, type and approximate age.
HYDROMETER
Cylinder
A hydrometer is used to test the state of charge of a battery
cell. This is performed by measuring the density of the electrolyte, which is accomplished by measuring the specific
gravity of the electrolyte. The greater the concentration of
sulfuric acid, the more dense the electrolyte becomes. The
higher the density, the higher the state of charge.
To prevent battery explosion that could result in
severe personal injury or death, never insert a
metal thermometer into a battery. Use a hydrometer with a built in thermometer that is designed for
testing batteries.
Bulb
Float
Thermometer
Add to Float
Reading
5
Subtract
from Float
Reading
Specific gravity is the measurement of a liquid that is comWeight
pared to a baseline. The baseline is water which is assigned
a base number of 1.000. The concentration of sulfuric acid to
water in a new golf car battery is 1.280 which means that the
Hydrometer
electrolyte weighs 1.280 times the weight of the same volume of water. A fully charged battery will test at 1.275 - 1.280 while a discharged battery will read in the 1.140 range.
NOTICE
Do not perform a hydrometer test on a battery that has just been watered. The battery must go through at least one charge and
discharge cycle in order to permit the water to adequately mix with the electrolyte.
The temperature of the electrolyte is important since the hydrometer reading must be corrected to 80° F (27° C). High
quality hydrometers are equipped with an internal thermometer that will measure the temperature of the electrolyte and
will include a conversion scale to correct the float reading. It is important to recognize that the electrolyte temperature is
significantly different from the ambient temperature if the vehicle has been operated.
Page 5 - 15
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Using A Hydrometer
ELECTROLYTE
1. Draw electrolyte into the hydrometer several times to per- TEMPERATURE
mit the thermometer to adjust to the electrolyte tempera°F °C
ture and note the reading. Examine the color of the
160
71
electrolyte. A brown or gray coloration indicates a problem with the battery and is a sign that the battery is near150
65
ing the end of its life.
5
2. Draw the minimum quantity of electrolyte into the hydrom- 140
eter to permit the float to float freely without contacting
130
the top or bottom of the cylinder.
60
3. Hold the hydrometer in a vertical position at eye level and
note the reading where the electrolyte meets the scale on
the float.
120
49
110
43
54
4. Add or subtract four points (.004) to the reading for every 100
10° F (6° C) the electrolyte temperature is above or below
80° F (27° C). Adjust the reading to conform with the elec- 90
trolyte temperature, e.g., if the reading indicates a spe80
cific gravity of 1.250 and the electrolyte temperature is
90° F (32° C), add four points (.004) to the 1.250 which
gives a corrected reading of 1.254. Similarly if the temper- 70
ature was 70° F (21° C), subtract four points (.004) from
60
the 1.250 to give a corrected reading of 1.246.
26
50
10
40
4
30
-1
20
-6
10
-12
5. Test each cell and note the readings (corrected to 80° F
or 27° C). A variation of fifty points between any two cell
readings (example 1.250 - 1.200) indicates a problem
with the low reading cell(s).
As a battery ages the specific gravity of the electrolyte will
decrease at full charge. This is not a reason to replace the
battery providing all cells are within fifty points of each other.
Since the hydrometer test is in response to a vehicle exhibiting a performance problem, the vehicle should be recharged
and the test repeated. If the results indicate a weak cell, the
battery or batteries should be removed and replaced with a
good battery of the same brand, type and approximate age.
37
32
21
15
+.032
+.030
+.028
+.026
+.024
+.022
+.020
+.018
+.016
+.014
+.012
+.010
+.008
+.006
+.004
+.002
0
-.002
-.004
-.006
-.008
-.010
-.012
-.014
-.016
-.018
-.020
-.022
-.024
-.026
-.028
EXAMPLE #1
ELECTROLYTE TEMPERATURE
Above 80 °F (27 °C)
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
Above 80 °F (27 °C)
ELECTROLYTE TEMPERATURE
Above 90 °F (32 °C)
HYDROMETER READING 1.250
1.250 + .004 = 1.254
CORRECTED SPECIFIC GRAVITY
READING
EXAMPLE #2
ELECTROLYTE TEMPERATURE
Above 80 °F (27 °C)
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
Above 80 °F (27 °C)
ELECTROLYTE TEMPERATURE
Above 70 °F (21 °C)
HYDROMETER READING 1.250
1.250 - .004 = 1.246
CORRECTED SPECIFIC GRAVITY
READING
Hydrometer Temperature Correction
PROLONGED STORAGE
Battery Set and Gas Starting Battery
During periods of storage, the batteries will need attention to keep them maintained and prevent discharge. In high temperatures the chemical reaction is faster, while low temperatures cause the chemical reaction to slow down. A vehicle
that is stored at 90° F (32° C) will lose.002 of specific gravity each day. If a fully charged battery has a specific gravity of
1.275, and the battery is allowed to sit unused, it will become partially discharged. When it reaches 1.240, which it will do
in less than twenty days, it should be recharged. If a battery is left in a discharged state, sulfating takes place on and
within the plates. This condition is not reversible and will cause permanent damage to the battery. In order to prevent
damage, the battery should be recharged. A hydrometer can be used to determine the specific gravity and therefore the
state of charge of a battery.
Page 5 - 16
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
Gas Engine
To reduce the possibility of severe injury or death resulting from a possible explosion:
Do not handle fuel in an area that is not adequately ventilated. Do not smoke near the fuel tank
or refuel near open flame or electrical items which could produce a spark.
Store vehicle in a clean, dry area. Do not store in same area as a stove, furnace, water heater,
or other appliance that uses a pilot light or has a device that can create a spark.
When refueling, inspect the fuel cap for leaks or breaks that could result in fuel spillage.
Always wear safety glasses while refueling to prevent possible eye injury from gasoline or gasoline vapor.
Keep hands, clothing and jewelry away from moving parts. Use care not to contact hot objects.
Raise the rear of the vehicle and support on jack stands before attempting to run the engine.
Preparing the engine for a prolonged storage period (30 days or more) calls for a few simple steps to prevent a build up
of varnish and gum in the carburetor and corrosion in the engine.
• Turn the Key Switch to OFF position, and leave the Forward/Reverse switch in the NEUTRAL position during
storage.
•
•
•
•
•
Perform all required routine maintenance per the Periodic Service Schedule.
Properly inflate the tires to recommended pressure (psi) stated on sidewall of tires.
Place the Forward/Reverse handle in the NEUTRAL position engage the neutral lock, see page 5 - 11.
Turn the fuel shut-off valve to the closed (OFF) position.
With proper ventilation, run engine until the remaining
fuel in carburetor and fuel lines is depleted and the
engine stalls.
• Return the neutral lock to the OPERATE position
• Loosen, but do not remove the carburetor drain screw.
Fuel Shut-off
Valve
Turn to “OFF”
Position
Drain any fuel remaining in bowl into an approved container and pour the fuel collected into the vehicle fuel
tank. Add Sea Foam (4 oz. for a full tank of fuel) to stabilize fuel and install the tank cap securely.
• Tighten the carburetor drain screw.
• Remove spark plug and pour about 1/2 oz. (15 ml) of SAE 10 - 30 weight oil or Fogging oil into the cylinder.
Rotate the crankshaft by hand several times, then install the spark plug.
• Do not engage the park brake, but secure the car from rolling
• While engine is still warm, change oil.
• Clean body, chassis and engine of debris, mud, chaff or grass.
Page 5 - 17
5
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE












CL
CL
CL
CL





C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A








Wiring - loose connections, broken or missing insulation




Carburetor Linkage - attachment
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
Hardware - loose or missing
Reverse Warning Indicator
Overall Vehicle Condition
Battery Pack - state of charge, condition, loose terminals, corrosion, hold down & hardware
Brake Pedal - smooth operation
Brakes - check fluid level in master cylinder
Brakes - aggressive stop test
Park Brake - operation, does it hold on a hill
Accelerator - smooth operation
Charger / Receptacle - inspect charger connector and
receptacle at each charge






Carburetor
PAGE
CL
Direction Selector - attachment and mechanism
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
Cooling Fan - build up of debris inside blower housing
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
Engine Oil ** - oil level
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
R
R
C&A
C&A
Engine Oil **& Filter - drain and change
Engine - noise, vibration, acceleration, oil leaks
5 YEARS
250 hrs
1200miles/2000 kms
ANNUAL
125 hrs
600miles/1000 kms
SEMI-ANNUAL
60 hrs
300 miles/500 kms
QUARTERLY






R - REPLACE




Tires - pressure, condition of tires & rims
5






CL - CLEAN
20 hrs
100 miles/160 kms
MONTHLY
REMARKS
WEEKLY
C&A - CHECK & ADJUST
before each use
DAILY
 - CHECK
C&A
C&A
Valves - check cold - Ref: Repair & Service Manual
C&A
Cylinder Head & Pistons - remove carbon
CL
Choke Cable - smooth movement & adjustment
C&A
C&A
C&A
C&A
Cooling Fan - build-up of foreign matter inside housing & fins
CL
CL
CL
CL
Steering Assembly - excessive play, loose or missing
hardware




Tie Rods - excessive play, bent rods, loose or missing
hardware




Axle - fluid level, oil leakage, noise, loose or missing
hardware




NOTE: Some maintenance items must be serviced more frequently on vehicles used under severe driving conditions.
Page 5 - 18
MAINTENANCE
Axles - drain & replace fluid
PAGE
R






Front Wheel Alignment - unusual tire wear
C&A
C&A
C&A
Throttle/Governor Linkage - operation & governed
speed







Rear Suspension - shock oil leakage, worn bushings,
loose or missing hardware
Front Suspension - strut oil leakage, excessive play in
hubs or kingpins, worn bushings, loose or missing
hardware
5 YEARS
250 hrs
1200miles/2000 kms
ANNUAL
125 hrs
600miles/1000 kms
SEMI-ANNUAL
60 hrs
300 miles/500 kms
QUARTERLY
20 hrs
100 miles/160 kms
MONTHLY
REMARKS
WEEKLY
before each use
DAILY
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.

Air Filter Element - check & replace as necessary
Drive Belt - cracks, frayed, excessive wear
5
NOTE: Some maintenance items must be serviced more frequently on vehicles used under severe driving conditions.
CAPACITIES AND REPLACEMENT PARTS
The front and rear axles do NOT use the same oil.
CAPACITIES
REPLACEMENT PART NUMBERS
Fuel Tank / Fuel
5.3 gal (20 liters) / 87 Octane Min.
Oil Filter
See Appendix A
Engine Oil
48 oz. synthetic oil 5W30
Air Filter
See Appendix A
Front Axle Oil
13.8 oz. 90 wt. gear oil
Spark Plug
See Appendix A
Rear Axle Oil
48 oz. SAE 30 wt. oil
Starter/Generator Belt
p/n 75690G01
Brake Fluid
DOT 3
LED Headlight Bulb
p/n 619101
Turn Signal Bulb
p/n 619102
Tail Light Bulb
#1157 p/n 21759G1
Page 5 - 19
MAINTENANCE
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
HARDWARE
Periodically, the vehicle should be inspected for loose fasteners. Use care when tightening fasteners, refer to the Technician’s Repair and Service Manual for specific torque values.
Generally, three classes of standard hardware and two classes of metric hardware are used in the vehicle. Grade 5 hardware can be identified by the three marks on the hex head and grade 8 hardware is identified by six marks on the head.
metric hardware is marked on the head with 8.8 or 10.9. Unmarked hardware is Grade 2.
ALL TORQUE FIGURES ARE IN FT. LBS. (Nm)
Unless otherwise noted in text, tighten all hardware in accordance with this chart.
This chart specifies 'lubricated' torque figures. Fasteners that are plated or lubricated when
installed are considered 'wet' and require approximately 80% of the torque required for 'dry' fasteners.
BOLT SIZE
5
1/4"
5/16"
3/8"
7/16"
1/2"
9/16"
5/8"
3/4"
7/8"
1"
Grade 2
4
(5)
8
(11)
15
(20)
24
(33)
35
(47)
55
(75)
75
(102)
130
(176)
125
(169)
190
(258)
Grade 5
6
(8)
13
(18)
23
(31)
35
(47)
55
(75)
80
(108)
110
(149)
200
(271)
320
(434)
480
(651)
Grade 8
6
(8)
18
(24)
35
(47)
55
(75)
80
(108)
110
(149)
170
(230)
280
(380)
460
(624)
680
(922)
BOLT SIZE
M4
M5
M6
M8
M10
M12
M14
Class 5.8
(Grade 2)
5.8
1
(2)
2
(3)
4
(6)
10
(14)
20
(27)
35
(47)
55
(76.4)
Class 8.8
(Grade 5)
8.8
2
(3)
4
(6)
7
(10)
18
(24)
35
(47)
61
(83)
97
(131)
Class 10.9
(Grade 8) 10.9
3
(4)
6
(8)
10
(14)
25
(34)
49
(66)
86
(117)
136
(184)
Torque Specifications and Bolt Grades
Page 5 - 20
APPENDIX A
Read all of this manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notices, Cautions, Warnings, and Dangers.
TITLE
PAGE NO.
BRIGGS & STRATTON OPERATOR’S MANUAL ......................................................... 1
General Information.......................................................................................................................... 5
Power Rating .................................................................................................................................... 5
Operator Safety ................................................................................................................................ 5
Features and Controls ...................................................................................................................... 6
Operation.......................................................................................................................................... 7
Oil Recommendations .................................................................................................................. 7
How To Check/Add Oil ................................................................................................................. 7
Oil Pressure.................................................................................................................................. 7
Fuel Recommendations ............................................................................................................... 7
High Altitude ................................................................................................................................. 7
How To Add Fuel.......................................................................................................................... 7
How To Start The Engine ............................................................................................................. 7
How To Stop The Engine ............................................................................................................. 8
Maintenance ..................................................................................................................................... 8
Emissions Control ........................................................................................................................ 8
Maintenance Chart ....................................................................................................................... 8
Carburetor Adjustment ................................................................................................................. 8
How To Replace The spark Plug.................................................................................................. 9
Inspect Muffler And Spark Arrestor .............................................................................................. 9
How To Change The Oil............................................................................................................... 9
Remove Oil................................................................................................................................... 9
Change The Oil Filter (if equipped) .............................................................................................. 9
Add Oil.......................................................................................................................................... 9
How To Service The Air filter........................................................................................................ 9
How To Replace The Fuel Filter................................................................................................... 9
How To Clean The Air Cooling System........................................................................................ 9
Storage....................................................................................................................................... 10
Specifications.................................................................................................................................. 10
Briggs & Stratton Engine Warranty Policy ...................................................................................... 11
The Briggs & Stratton Owner’s Manual (279771 Revision D) is included in this manual (without changes or editing) with the permission of Briggs & Stratton Corporation. Copying or reprinting of this manual is prohibited.
Page A - 1
A
APPENDIX A
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Notes:
A
Page A - 2
en
es
fr
Model 290000
Model 300000
Operator’s Manual
Manual del Operario
Manuel de l’opérateur
Vanguardt
Gasoline
Vanguardt
Gasoline
Model 350000
Model 380000
Copyright E 2012 Briggs & Stratton Corporation,
Milwaukee, WI, USA. All rights reserved.
Briggs & Stratton is a registered trademark
of Briggs & Stratton Corporation.
Vanguardt
Gasoline
Vanguardt
Gasoline
Form No. 279771TRI
Revision: D
English
Español
Français
en
es
fr
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VanguardEngines.com
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B
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6
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B
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VanguardEngines.com
General Information
This manual contains safety information to make you aware of the hazards and risks
associated with engines and how to avoid them. It also contains instructions for the
proper use and care of the engine. Because Briggs & Stratton Corporation does not
necessarily know what equipment this engine will power, it is important that you read and
understand these instructions and the instructions for the equipment. Save these
original instructions for future reference.
For replacement parts or technical assistance, record below the engine model, type, and
code numbers along with the date of purchase. These numbers are located on your
engine (see the Features and Controls page).
Date of purchase:
MM/DD/YYYY
Engine model:
Model:
Type:
Code:
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
WARNING
Briggs & Stratton Engines are not designed for and are not to be used to power:
fun-karts; go-karts; children’s, recreational, or sport all-terrain vehicles (ATVs);
motorbikes; hovercraft; aircraft products; or vehicles used in competitive events not
sanctioned by Briggs & Stratton. For information about competitive racing products,
see www.briggsracing.com. For use with utility and side-by-side ATVs, please contact
Briggs & Stratton Engine Application Center, 1-866-927-3349. Improper engine
application may result in serious injury or death.
Power Rating
The gross power rating for individual gas engine models is labeled in accordance with
SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) code J1940 (Small Engine Power & Torque
Rating Procedure), and rating performance has been obtained and corrected in
accordance with SAE J1995 (Revision 2002--05). Torque values are derived at 3060
RPM; horsepower values are derived at 3600 RPM. The gross power curves can be
viewed at www.BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM. Net power values are taken with exhaust
and air cleaner installed whereas gross power values are collected without these
attachments. Actual gross engine power will be higher than net engine power and is
affected by, among other things, ambient operating conditions and engine--to--engine
variability. Given the wide array of products on which engines are placed, the gas engine
may not develop the rated gross power when used in a given piece of power equipment.
This difference is due to a variety of factors including, but not limited to, the variety of
engine components (air cleaner, exhaust, charging, cooling, carburetor, fuel pump, etc.),
application limitations, ambient operating conditions (temperature, humidity, altitude), and
engine--to--engine variability.
Due to manufacturing and capacity limitations, Briggs & Stratton may substitute an
engine of higher rated power for this Series engine.
Operator Safety
SAFETY AND CONTROL SYMBOLS
Fire
Moving Parts
Hazardous
Chemical
Toxic Fumes
Stop
Explosion
On Off
Fuel Shutoff
Kickback
Hot Surface
Frostbite
Fast
Choke
Oil
Read Manual
Shock
Slow
Fuel
Wear Eye
Protection
The safety alert symbol
is used to identify safety information about hazards that can
result in personal injury. A signal word (DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION) is used with the
alert symbol to indicate the likelihood and the potential severity of injury. In addition, a hazard
symbol may be used to represent the type of hazard.
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
NOTICE: This engine was shipped from Briggs & Stratton without oil. Before you start
the engine, make sure you add oil according to the instructions in this manual. If you
start the engine without oil, it will be damaged beyond repair and will not be covered
under warranty.
WARNING
Fuel and its vapors are extremely flammable and explosive.
Fire or explosion can cause severe burns or death.
When Adding Fuel
 Turn engine off and let engine cool at least 2 minutes before removing the fuel
cap.
 Fill fuel tank outdoors or in well-ventilated area.
 Do not overfill fuel tank. To allow for expansion of the fuel, do not fill above the
bottom of the fuel tank neck.
 Keep fuel away from sparks, open flames, pilot lights, heat, and other ignition
sources.
 Check fuel lines, tank, cap, and fittings frequently for cracks or leaks.
Replace if necessary
 If fuel spills, wait until it evaporates before starting engine.
When Starting Engine
 Ensure that spark plug, muffler, fuel cap and air cleaner (if equipped) are in
place and secured.
 Do not crank engine with spark plug removed.
 If engine floods, set choke (if equipped) to OPEN/RUN position, move throttle
(if equipped) to FAST position and crank until engine starts.
When Operating Equipment
 Do not tip engine or equipment at angle which causes fuel to spill.
 Do not choke the carburetor to stop engine.
 Never start or run the engine with the air cleaner assembly (if equipped) or the
air filter (if equipped) removed.
When Changing Oil
 When you drain the oil from the top oil fill tube, the fuel tank must be empty or
fuel can leak out and result in a fire or explosion.
When Tipping Unit for Maintenance
 When performing maintenance that requires the unit to be tipped, the fuel tank
must be empty or fuel can leak out and result in a fire or explosion.
When Transporting Equipment
 Transport with fuel tank EMPTY or with fuel shut-off valve OFF.
When Storing Fuel Or Equipment With Fuel In Tank
 Store away from furnaces, stoves, water heaters or other appliances that have
pilot lights or other ignition sources because they can ignite fuel vapors.
WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, could result in minor or
moderate injury.
WARNING
NOTICE indicates a situation that could result in damage to the product.
Starting engine creates sparking.
Sparking can ignite nearby flammable gases.
Explosion and fire could result.
WARNING
Certain components in this product and its related accessories contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm. Wash hands after handling.
en


If there is natural or LP gas leakage in area, do not start engine.
Do not use pressurized starting fluids because vapors are flammable.
5


WARNING
WARNING
Engines give off carbon monoxide, an odorless, colorless, poison gas.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause nausea, fainting or death.
Unintentional sparking can result in fire or electric shock.
Unintentional start-up can result in entanglement, traumatic
amputation, or laceration.
Fire hazard
Start and run engine outdoors.
Do not start or run engine in enclosed area, even if doors or windows are open.
WARNING
Rapid retraction of starter cord (kickback) will pull hand and arm
toward engine faster than you can let go.
Broken bones, fractures, bruises or sprains could result.



When starting engine, pull the starter cord slowly until resistance is felt and then
pull rapidly to avoid kickback.
Remove all external equipment/engine loads before starting engine.
Direct-coupled equipment components such as, but not limited to, blades,
impellers, pulleys, sprockets, etc., must be securely attached.
WARNING
Rotating parts can contact or entangle hands, feet, hair, clothing, or
accessories.
Traumatic amputation or severe laceration can result.




Before performing adjustments or repairs:
 Disconnect the spark plug wire and keep it away from the spark plug.
 Disconnect battery at negative terminal (only engines with electric start.)
 Use only correct tools.
 Do not tamper with governor spring, links or other parts to increase engine
speed.
 Replacement parts must be of the same design and installed in the same
position as the original parts. Other parts may not perform as well, may damage
the unit, and may result in injury.
 Do not strike the flywheel with a hammer or hard object because the flywheel
may later shatter during operation.
When testing for spark:
 Use approved spark plug tester.
 Do not check for spark with spark plug removed.
Operate equipment with guards in place.
Keep hands and feet away from rotating parts.
Tie up long hair and remove jewelry.
Do not wear loose-fitting clothing, dangling drawstrings or items that could
become caught.
WARNING
Running engines produce heat. Engine parts, especially muffler,
become extremely hot.
Severe thermal burns can occur on contact.
Combustible debris, such as leaves, grass, brush, etc. can catch fire.



6
Allow muffler, engine cylinder and fins to cool before touching.
Remove accumulated debris from muffler area and cylinder area.
It is a violation of California Public Resource Code, Section 4442, to use or
operate the engine on any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered land
unless the exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester, as defined in
Section 4442, maintained in effective working order. Other states or federal
jurisdictions may have similar laws. Contact the original equipment
manufacturer, retailer, or dealer to obtain a spark arrester designed for the
exhaust system installed on this engine.
VanguardEngines.com
Features and Controls
Compare the illustration 1 with your engine to familiarize yourself with the location of
various features and controls.
A. Engine Identification
Model Type Code
3. Remove the dipstick and check the oil level. It should be at the top of the full indicator
(B) on the dipstick.
4. If low, add oil slowly into the engine oil fill (C). Do not overfill. After adding oil, wait
one minute and then recheck the oil level.
5. Fully insert the dipstick.
B.
Spark Plug
Oil Pressure
C.
Air Cleaner (without Fuel Tank)
D.
Air Cleaner (with Fuel Tank)
E.
Dipstick
F.
Oil Fill
If the oil pressure is too low, a pressure switch (if equipped) will either stop the engine or
activate a warning device on the equipment. If this occurs, stop the engine and check the
oil level with the dipstick.
If the oil level is below the ADD mark, add oil until it reaches the FULL mark. Start the
engine and check for proper pressure before continuing to operate.
If the oil level is between the ADD and FULL marks, do not start the engine. Contact an
Authorized Briggs & Stratton Dealer to have the oil pressure problem corrected.
G. Oil Filter (optional)
H.
Oil Drain Plug
I.
Oil Pressure Sensor
J.
Finger Guard
K.
Electric Starter
L.
Rewind Starter (optional)
Fuel Recommendations
Fuel must meet these requirements:
 Clean, fresh, unleaded gasoline.
 A minimum of 87 octane/87 AKI (91 RON). High altitude use, see below.
 Gasoline with up to 10% ethanol (gasohol) is acceptable.
CAUTION: Do not use unapproved gasolines, such as E15 and E85. Do not mix oil in
gasoline or modify the engine to run on alternate fuels. Use of unapproved fuels will
damage the engine components and void the engine warranty.
To protect the fuel system from gum formation, mix a fuel stabilizer into the fuel. See
Storage. All fuel is not the same. If starting or performance problems occur, change fuel
providers or change brands. This engine is certified to operate on gasoline. The
emissions control system for this engine is EM (Engine Modifications).
M. Carburetor
N.
Muffler (optional)
O. Fuel Pump
P.
Starter Switch *
Q. Throttle Control *
R.
Choke Control *
S.
Fuel Filter (optional)
T.
Fuel Tank (optional)
U.
Fuel Shut Off (optional) *
High Altitude
V.
Stop Switch (optional) *
At altitudes over 5,000 feet (1524 meters), a minimum 85 octane/85 AKI (89 RON)
gasoline is acceptable. To remain emissions compliant, high altitude adjustment is
required. Operation without this adjustment will cause decreased performance,
increased fuel consumption, and increased emissions.See an authorized Briggs &
Stratton Dealer for high altitude adjustment information.
Operation of the engine at altitudes below 2,500 feet (762 meters) with the high altitude
kit is not recommended.
W. Oil Cooler (optional)
* Some engines and equipment have remote controls. See the equipment manual for
location and operation of remote controls.
Operation
Oil capacity (see the Specifications section)
How To Add Fuel - Figure 3
Oil Recommendations
We recommend the use of Briggs & Stratton Warranty Certified oils for best
performance. Other high-quality detergent oils are acceptable if classified for service SF,
SG, SH, SJ or higher. Do not use special additives.
Outdoor temperatures determine the proper oil viscosity for the engine. Use the chart to
select the best viscosity for the outdoor temperature range expected.
*
5W-30
Synthetic 5W-30
10W-30
°C
SAE 30
°F
WARNING
Fuel and its vapors are extremely flammable and explosive.
Fire or explosion can cause severe burns or death.
When Adding Fuel
 Turn engine off and let engine cool at least 2 minutes before removing the fuel
cap.
 Fill fuel tank outdoors or in well-ventilated area.
 Do not overfill fuel tank. To allow for expansion of the fuel, do not fill above the
bottom of the fuel tank neck.
 Keep fuel away from sparks, open flames, pilot lights, heat, and other ignition
sources.
 Check fuel lines, tank, cap, and fittings frequently for cracks or leaks.
Replace if necessary
 If fuel spills, wait until it evaporates before starting engine.
1. Clean the fuel cap area of dirt and debris. Remove the fuel cap (A, Figure 3).
2. Fill the fuel tank (B) with fuel. To allow for expansion of the fuel, do not fill above the
bottom of the fuel tank neck (C).
3. Reinstall the fuel cap.
Below 40°F (4°C) the use of SAE 30 will result in hard starting.
** Above 80°F (27°C) the use of 10W-30 may cause increased oil consumption. Check
oil level more frequently.
How To Start The Engine - Figure 4
How To Check/Add Oil - Figure 2
Before adding or checking the oil
 Place engine level.
 Clean the oil fill area of any debris.
1. Remove the dipstick (A) and wipe with a clean cloth (Figure 2).
2. Fully insert the dipstick.
en
WARNING
Rapid retraction of starter cord (kickback) will pull hand and arm
toward engine faster than you can let go.
Broken bones, fractures, bruises or sprains could result.

When starting engine, pull the starter cord slowly until resistance is felt and then
pull rapidly to avoid kickback.
7
Maintenance
WARNING
Fuel and its vapors are extremely flammable and explosive.
Fire or explosion can cause severe burns or death.
When Starting Engine
 Ensure that spark plug, muffler, fuel cap and air cleaner (if equipped) are in
place and secured.
 Do not crank engine with spark plug removed.
 If engine floods, set choke (if equipped) to OPEN/RUN position, move throttle
(if equipped) to FAST position and crank until engine starts.
We recommend that you see any Briggs & Stratton Authorized Dealer for all
maintenance and service of the engine and engine parts.
NOTICE: All the components used to build this engine must remain in place for proper
operation.
WARNING: When performing maintenance that requires the unit to be
tipped, the fuel tank must be empty or fuel can leak out and result in a fire or
explosion.
Emissions Control
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emissions control devices and systems
may be performed by any non-road engine repair establishment or individual.
However, to obtain “no charge” emissions control service, the work must be performed
by a factory authorized dealer. See the Emissions Warranty.
WARNING
Engines give off carbon monoxide, an odorless, colorless, poison gas.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause nausea, fainting or death.


WARNING
Unintentional sparking can result in fire or electric shock.
Unintentional start-up can result in entanglement, traumatic
amputation, or laceration.
Fire hazard
Start and run engine outdoors.
Do not start or run engine in enclosed area, even if doors or windows are open.
NOTICE: This engine was shipped from Briggs & Stratton without oil. Before you start
the engine, make sure you add oil according to the instructions in this manual. If you
start the engine without oil, it will be damaged beyond repair and will not be covered
under warranty.
Note: Some engines and equipment have remote controls. See the equipment manual
for location and operation of remote controls.
1. Check the oil level. See the How To Check/Add Oil section.
2. Make sure equipment drive controls, if equipped, are disengaged.
3. Turn the fuel shut-off valve (A), if equipped, to the on position (Figure 4).
4. Push the stop switch (F), if equipped, to the on position.
5. Move the throttle control (B) to the fast
Before performing adjustments or repairs:
 Disconnect the spark plug wire and keep it away from the spark plug.
 Disconnect battery at negative terminal (only engines with electric start.)
 Use only correct tools.
 Do not tamper with governor spring, links or other parts to increase engine
speed.
 Replacement parts must be of the same design and installed in the same
position as the original parts. Other parts may not perform as well, may damage
the unit, and may result in injury.
 Do not strike the flywheel with a hammer or hard object because the flywheel
may later shatter during operation.
position. Operate the engine in the fast
position.
6. Move the choke control (C) to the choke
position.
When testing for spark:
 Use approved spark plug tester.
 Do not check for spark with spark plug removed.
Note: Choke is usually unnecessary when restarting a warm engine.
7. Rewind Start: Turn the key switch (D), if equipped, to the run position.
8. Rewind Start: Firmly hold the starter cord handle (E). Pull the starter cord handle
slowly until resistance is felt, then pull rapidly.
Note: If the engine does not start after repeated attempts, go to
VanguardEngines.com or call 1-800-999-9333 (in USA).
Maintenance Chart
First 5 Hours

WARNING: Rapid retraction of the starter cord (kickback) will pull your
hand and arm toward the engine faster than you can let go. Broken bones, fractures,
bruises or sprains could result. When starting engine, pull the starter cord slowly until
resistance is felt and then pull rapidly to avoid kickback.
Every 8 Hours or Daily


9. Electric Start: Turn the electric start switch (D) to the on/start position.
Note: If the engine does not start after repeated attempts, go to
VanguardEngines.com or call 1-800-999-9333 (in USA).





position.

Check valve clearance. Adjust if necessary.
WARNING
Every 400 Hours or Annually
Fuel and its vapors are extremely flammable and explosive.
Fire or explosion can cause severe burns or death.




Do not choke the carburetor to stop engine.
1. With the throttle control (B) in the slow
position, turn the key switch (D) to the
off position (Figure 4). Remove the key and keep in a safe place out of the reach of
children.
2. Push the stop switch (F) to the off position.
3. After the engine stops, turn the fuel shut-off valve (A), if equipped, to the closed
position.
8
Clean or change air filter *
Clean pre-cleaner (if equipped) *
Change engine oil and filter
Replace spark plug
Check muffler and spark arrester
Every 250 Hours or Annually
How To Stop The Engine - Figure 4

Check engine oil level
Clean area around muffler and controls
Every 100 Hours or Annually
NOTICE: To extend the life of the starter, use short starting cycles (five seconds
maximum). Wait one minute between starting cycles.
10. As the engine warms up, move the choke control (C) to the run
Change oil
*
Change air filter
Replace fuel filter
Clean air cooling system *
Clean oil cooler fins *
In dusty conditions or when airborne debris is present, clean more often.
Carburetor Adjustment
Never make adjustments to the carburetor. The carburetor was set at the factory to
operate efficiently under most conditions. However, if adjustments are required, see a
Briggs & Stratton Authorized Dealer for service.
NOTICE: The manufacturer of the equipment on which this engine is installed specifies
the top speed at which the engine will be operated. Do not exceed this speed.
VanguardEngines.com
How To Replace The Spark Plug - Figure 5
How To Service The Air Filter - Figure 11
Check the gap (A, Figure 5) with a wire gauge (B). If necessary, reset the gap. Install
and tighten the spark plug to the recommended torque. For gap setting or torque, see the
Specifications section.
Note: In some areas, local law requires using a resistor spark plug to suppress ignition
signals. If this engine was originally equipped with a resistor spark plug, use the same
type for replacement.
Inspect Muffler And Spark Arrester - Figure 6
WARNING
Running engines produce heat. Engine parts, especially muffler,
become extremely hot.
Severe thermal burns can occur on contact.
Combustible debris, such as leaves, grass, brush, etc. can catch fire.



Allow muffler, engine cylinder and fins to cool before touching.
Remove accumulated debris from muffler area and cylinder area.
It is a violation of California Public Resource Code, Section 4442, to use or
operate the engine on any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered land
unless the exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester, as defined in
Section 4442, maintained in effective working order. Other states or federal
jurisdictions may have similar laws. Contact the original equipment
manufacturer, retailer, or dealer to obtain a spark arrester designed for the
exhaust system installed on this engine.
Remove accumulated debris from muffler area and cylinder area. Inspect the muffler (A,
Figure 6) for cracks, corrosion, or other damage. Remove the spark arrester (B), if
equipped, and inspect for damage or carbon blockage. If damage is found, install
replacement parts before operating.
12
WARNING
Fuel and its vapors are extremely flammable and explosive.
Fire or explosion can cause severe burns or death.

Never start or run the engine with the air cleaner assembly (if equipped) or the
air filter (if equipped) removed.
NOTICE: Do not use pressurized air or solvents to clean the filter. Pressurized air can
damage the filter and solvents will dissolve the filter.
Two types of air filter sytems are shown. See the Maintenance Chart for service
requirements.
1. Models without Fuel Tank: Open the latches (A) and remove the cover (B). See
Figure 11.
2. Models with Fuel Tank: Remove the knob (C) and the cover (B). See Figure 12.
3. Remove the nut (D) and the retainer (E). See Figure 11 and 12.
4. Remove the air filter (F).
5. Remove the pre-cleaner (G), if equipped, from the air filter.
6. To loosen debris, gently tap the air filter on a hard surface. If the air filter is
excessively dirty, replace with a new air filter.
7. Wash the pre-cleaner in liquid detergent and water. Then allow it to thoroughly air
dry. Do not oil the pre-cleaner.
8. Assemble the dry pre-cleaner to the air filter.
9. Install the air filter and secure with retainer and nut.
10. Install and secure the cover.
How To Replace The Fuel Filter - Figure 7
WARNING
WARNING:
Replacement parts must be of the same design and installed
in the same position as the original parts. Other parts may not perform as well, may
damage the unit, and may result in injury.
Fuel and its vapors are extremely flammable and explosive.
Fire or explosion can cause severe burns or death.

How To Change The Oil - Figure 8
9

Used oil is a hazardous waste product and must be disposed of properly. Do not discard
with household waste. Check with your local authorities, service center, or dealer for safe
disposal/recycling facilities.


Remove Oil

1. With engine off but still warm, disconnect the spark plug wire (A) and keep it away
from the spark plug (Figure 8).
2. Remove the oil drain plug (B, Figure 9). Drain the oil into an approved container.
3. After the oil has drained, install and tighten the oil drain plug.
Change The Oil Filter (if equipped)
Some models are equipped with oil filter. For replacement intervals, see the
Maintenance chart.
1. Drain the oil from the engine. See Remove Oil section.
2. Remove the oil filter (C) and dispose of properly. See Figure 9.
3. Before you install the new oil filter, lightly lubricate the oil filter gasket with fresh,
clean oil.
4. Install the oil filter by hand until the gasket contacts the oil filter adapter, then tighten
the oil filter 1/2 to 3/4 turns.
5. Add oil. See Add Oil section.
6. Start and run the engine. As the engine warms up, check for oil leaks.
7. Stop the engine and check the oil level. It should be at the top of the full indicator (F)
on the dipstick (Figure 8).
1. Before replacing the fuel filter (A, Figure 7), if equipped, drain the fuel tank or close
the fuel shut-off valve. Otherwise, fuel can leak out and cause a fire or explosion.
2. Use pliers to squeeze tabs (B) on the clamps (C), then slide the clamps away from
the fuel filter. Twist and pull the fuel lines (D) off the fuel filter.
3. Check the fuel lines for cracks or leaks. Replace if necessary.
4. Replace the fuel filter with an original equipment replacement filter.
5. Secure the fuel lines with the clamps as shown.
Note: Engines equipped with a factory mounted fuel tank may have a fuel tank strainer
(E), see Figure 3.
How To Clean The Air Cooling System - Figure 10
WARNING
Running engines produce heat. Engine parts, especially muffler,
become extremely hot.
Severe thermal burns can occur on contact.
Combustible debris, such as leaves, grass, brush, etc. can catch fire.
Add Oil



1.
2.
Place engine level.
Clean the oil fill area of any debris.
See the Specifications section for oil capacity.
Remove the dipstick (D) and wipe with a clean cloth (Figure 8).
Pour the oil slowly into the engine oil fill (E). Do not overfill. After adding oil, wait
one minute and then check the oil level.
3. Install and tighten the dipstick.
4. Remove the dipstick and check the oil level. It should be at the top of the full indicator
(F) on the dipstick.
5. Install and tighten the dipstick.
en
Keep fuel away from sparks, open flames, pilot lights, heat, and other ignition
sources.
Check fuel lines, tank, cap, and fittings frequently for cracks or leaks.
Replace if necessary.
Before replacing the fuel filter, drain the fuel tank or close the fuel shut-off valve.
Replacement parts must be the same and installed in the same position as the
original parts.
If fuel spills, wait until it evaporates before starting engine.


Allow muffler, engine cylinder and fins to cool before touching.
Remove accumulated debris from muffler area and cylinder area.
NOTICE: Do not use water to clean the engine. Water could contaminate the fuel
system. Use a brush or dry cloth to clean the engine.
This is an air cooled engine. Dirt or debris can restrict air flow and cause the engine to
overheat, resulting in poor performance and reduced engine life.
Use a brush or dry cloth to remove debris from the finger guard (A). Keep linkage,
springs and controls (B) clean. Keep the area around and behind the muffler (C) free of
any combustible debris (Figure 10). Make sure that the oil cooler fins (D) are free of dirt
and debris.
9
Storage
WARNING
Fuel and its vapors are extremely flammable and explosive.
Fire or explosion can cause severe burns or death.
When Storing Fuel Or Equipment With Fuel In Tank
 Store away from furnaces, stoves, water heaters or other appliances that have
pilot lights or other ignition sources because they can ignite fuel vapors.
Fuel System
Fuel can become stale when stored over 30 days. Stale fuel causes acid and gum
deposits to form in the fuel system or on essential carburetor parts. To keep fuel fresh,
use Briggs & Stratton Advanced Formula Fuel Treatment & Stabilizer, available
wherever Briggs & Stratton genuine service parts are sold.
For engines equipped with a FRESH START® fuel cap, use Briggs & Stratton FRESH
START® available in a drip concentrate cartridge.
There is no need to drain gasoline from the engine if a fuel stabilizer is added according
to instructions. Run the engine for 2 minutes to circulate the stabilizer throughout the fuel
system before storage.
If gasoline in the engine has not been treated with a fuel stabilizer, it must be drained into
an approved container. Run the engine until it stops from lack of fuel. The use of a fuel
stabilizer in the storage container is recommended to maintain freshness.
Engine Oil
While the engine is still warm, change the engine oil.
Troubleshooting
Need Assistance? Go to VanguardEngines.com or call 1-800-999-9333.
Specifications
Engine Specifications
Engine Specifications
Model
290000
Model
350000
Displacement
29.23 ci (479 cc)
Displacement
34.78 ci (570 cc)
Bore
2.677 in (68 mm)
Bore
2.835 in (72 mm)
Stroke
2.598 in (66 mm)
Stroke
2.756 in (70 mm)
Oil Capacity
46 -- 48 oz (1.36 -- 1.42 L)
Oil Capacity
46 -- 48 oz (1.36 -- 1.42 L)
Engine Specifications
Engine Specifications
Model
300000
Model
380000
Displacement
29.23 ci (479 cc)
Displacement
38.26 ci (627 cc)
Bore
2.677 in (68 mm)
Bore
2.972 in (75.5 mm)
Stroke
2.598 in (66 mm)
Stroke
2.756 in (70 mm)
Oil Capacity
46 -- 48 oz (1.36 -- 1.42 L)
Oil Capacity
46 -- 48 oz (1.36 -- 1.42 L)
Tune-up Specifications *
Tune-up Specifications *
Model
290000, 300000
Model
350000, 380000
Spark Plug Gap
0.030 in (0.76 mm)
Spark Plug Gap
0.030 in (0.76 mm)
Spark Plug Torque
180 lb-in (20 Nm)
Spark Plug Torque
180 lb-in (20 Nm)
Armature Air Gap
0.008 - 0.012 in (0.20 - 0.30 mm)
Armature Air Gap
0.008 - 0.012 in (0.20 - 0.30 mm)
Intake Valve Clearance
0.004 - 0.006 in (0.10 - 0.15 mm)
Intake Valve Clearance
0.004 - 0.006 in (0.10 - 0.15 mm)
Exhaust Valve Clearance
0.004 - 0.006 in (0.10 - 0.15 mm)
Exhaust Valve Clearance
0.004 - 0.006 in (0.10 - 0.15 mm)
* Engine power will decrease 3.5% for each 1,000 feet (300 meters) above sea level and 1% for each 10 F (5.6 C) above 77 F (25 C). The engine will operate satisfactorily at an
angle up to 15. Refer to the equipment operator’s manual for safe allowable operating limits on slopes.
Common Service Parts n
Service Part
Part Number
Service Part
Part Number
Air Filter -- with fuel tank
393957
Fuel Filter -- with fuel tank
808116
Air Filter -- except model 380000
394018
Fuel Filter -- with fuel pump
691035
Air Filter -- model 380000
692519
Fuel Filter -- without fuel pump
298090
Air Filter Pre-cleaner -- with fuel tank
271794
Fuel Additive
5041
Air Filter Pre-cleaner -- except model 380000
272490
Resistor Spark Plug
491055
Air Filter Pre-cleaner -- model 380000
692520
Long Life Platinum Spark Plug
5066
Oil -- SAE 30
100028
Spark Plug Wrench
19374
Oil Filter -- 6 cm long
492932
Spark Tester
19368
Oil Filter -- 9 cm long
491056
n We recommend that you see any Briggs & Stratton Authorized Dealer for all maintenance and service of the engine and engine parts.
10
VanguardEngines.com
BRIGGS & STRATTON ENGINE WARRANTY POLICY
April 2012
LIMITED WARRANTY
Briggs & Stratton warrants that, during the warranty period specified below, it will repair or replace, free of charge, any part that is defective in material or workmanship or both.
Transportation charges on product submitted for repair or replacement under this warranty must be borne by purchaser. This warranty is effective for and is subject to the time
periods and conditions stated below. For warranty service, find the nearest Authorized Service Dealer in our dealer locator map at BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM. The
purchaser must contact the Authorized Service Dealer, and then make the product available to the Authorized Service Dealer for inspection and testing.
There is no other express warranty. Implied warranties, including those of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, are limited to one year from
purchase, or to the extent permitted by law. All other implied warranties are excluded. Liability for incidental or consequential damages are excluded to the extent
exclusion is permitted by law. Some states or countries do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, and some states or countries do not allow the exclusion
or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation and exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also
have other rights which vary from state to state and country to country **.
STANDARD WARRANTY TERMS *
Brand/Product Type
Y
Consumer Use
Commercial Use
J
3 years
3 years
Commercial Turf Seriest
2 years
2 years
Extended Life Seriest; I/C®; Intekt I/C®; Intekt Pro;
Professional Seriest with Dura-Boret Cast Iron Sleeve;
850 Seriest with Dura-Boret Cast Iron Sleeve;
Snow Series MAXt with Dura-Boret Cast Iron Sleeve
All Other Briggs & Stratton Engines Featuring Dura-Boret Cast Iron Sleeve
2 years
1 year
All Other Briggs & Stratton Engines
2 years
90 days
Vanguardt
*
These are our standard warranty terms, but occasionally there may be additional warranty coverage that was not determined at time of publication. For a listing of current
warranty terms for your engine, go to BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM or contact your Briggs & Stratton Authorized Service Dealer.
** In Australia -- Our goods come with guarantees that cannot be excluded under the Australian Consumer Law. You are entitled to a replacement or refund for a major
failure and for compensation for any other reasonably foreseeable loss or damage. You are also entitled to have the goods repaired or replaced if the goods fail to be of
acceptable quality and the failure does not amount to a major failure. For warranty service, find the nearest Authorized Service Dealer in our dealer locator map at
BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM, or by calling 1300 274 447, or by emailing or writing to salesenquiries@briggsandstratton.com.au, Briggs & Stratton Australia Pty Ltd, 1
Moorebank Avenue, Moorebank, NSW , Australia, 2170.
Y
Home Standby Generator applications: 2 years consumer warranty only. No commercial warranty. This warranty does not apply to engines on equipment used for prime
power in place of a utility. Engines used in competitive racing or on commercial or rental tracks are not warranted.
J
Vanguard installed on standby generators: 2 years consumer use, no warranty commercial use. Vanguard installed on utility vehicles: 2 years consumer use, 2 years
commercial use. Vanguard 3-cylinder liquid cooled: see Briggs & Stratton 3/LC Engine Warranty Policy.
The warranty period begins on the date of purchase by the first retail consumer or commercial end user, and continues for the period of time stated in the table above. “Consumer
use” means personal residential household use by a retail consumer. “Commercial use” means all other uses, including use for commercial, income producing or rental purposes.
Once an engine has experienced commercial use, it shall thereafter be considered as a commercial use engine for purposes of this warranty.
No warranty registration is necessary to obtain warranty on Briggs & Stratton products. Save your proof of purchase receipt. If you do not provide proof of the initial
purchase date at the time warranty service is requested, the manufacturing date of the product will be used to determine the warranty period.
About Your Warranty
Briggs & Stratton welcomes warranty repair and apologizes to you for being
inconvenienced. Any Authorized Service Dealer may perform warranty repairs. Most
warranty repairs are handled routinely, but sometimes requests for warranty service may
not be appropriate. To avoid misunderstanding which might occur between the customer
and the dealer, listed below are some of the causes of engine failure that the warranty
does not cover.
Normal wear: Engines, like all mechanical devices, need periodic parts service and
replacement to perform well. Warranty will not cover repair when normal use has
exhausted the life of a part or an engine. Warranty would not apply if engine damage
occurred because of misuse, lack of routine maintenance, shipping, handling,
warehousing or improper installation. Similarly, warranty is void if the serial number of the
engine has been removed or the engine has been altered or modified.
Improper maintenance: The life of an engine depends upon the conditions under which
it operates, and the care it receives. Some applications, such as tillers, pumps and rotary
mowers, are very often used in dusty or dirty conditions, which can cause what appears
to be premature wear. Such wear, when caused by dirt, dust, spark plug cleaning grit, or
other abrasive material that has entered the engine because of improper maintenance, is
not covered by warranty.
4
Parts which are scored or broken because an engine was operated with insufficient
or contaminated lubricating oil, or an incorrect grade of lubricating oil (check and
refill when necessary, and change at recommended intervals). OIL GARD may not
shut down running engine. Engine damage may occur if oil level is not properly
maintained.
5
Repair or adjustment of associated parts or assemblies such as clutches,
transmissions, remote controls, etc., which are not manufactured by Briggs &
Stratton.
6
Damage or wear to parts caused by dirt, which entered the engine because of
improper air cleaner maintenance, re-assembly, or use of a non-original air cleaner
element or cartridge. At recommended intervals, clean and/or replace the filter as
stated in the Operator’s Manual.
7
Parts damaged by over-speeding, or overheating caused by grass, debris, or dirt,
which plugs or clogs the cooling fins, or flywheel area, or damage caused by
operating the engine in a confined area without sufficient ventilation. Clean engine
debris at recommended intervals as stated in the Operator’s Manual.
8
Engine or equipment parts broken by excessive vibration caused by a loose engine
mounting, loose cutter blades, unbalanced blades or loose or unbalanced impellers,
improper attachment of equipment to engine crankshaft, over-speeding or other
abuse in operation.
9
A bent or broken crankshaft, caused by striking a solid object with the cutter blade of
a rotary lawn mower, or excessive v-belt tightness.
This warranty covers engine related defective material and/or workmanship only,
and not replacement or refund of the equipment to which the engine may be
mounted. Nor does the warranty extend to repairs required because of:
10 Routine tune-up or adjustment of the engine.
1
Problems caused by parts that are not original Briggs & Stratton parts.
11
2
Equipment controls or installations that prevent starting, cause unsatisfactory engine
performance, or shorten engine life. (Contact equipment manufacturer.)
3
Leaking carburetors, clogged fuel pipes, sticking valves, or other damage, caused
by using contaminated or stale fuel.
en
Engine or engine component failure, i.e., combustion chamber, valves, valve seats,
valve guides, or burned starter motor windings, caused by the use of alternate fuels
such as, liquified petroleum, natural gas, gasoline formulated with ethanol greater
than 10%, etc.
Warranty service is available only through Briggs & Stratton Authorized Service
Dealers. Locate your nearest Authorized Service Dealer in our dealer locator map
on BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM or by calling 1-800-233-3723.
11
California, U.S. EPA, and Briggs & Stratton Corporation Emissions Control Warranty Statement
Your Warranty Rights And Obligations
The California Air Resources Board, U.S. EPA, and Briggs & Stratton (B&S) are pleased
to explain the emissions control system warranty on your Model Year 2012--2013
engine/equipment. In California, new small off-road engines and large spark ignited
engines less than or equal to 1.0 liter must be designed, built, and equipped to meet the
State’s stringent anti-smog standards. B&S must warrant the emissions control system
on your engine/equipment for the periods of time listed below provided there has been
no abuse, neglect, or improper maintenance of your engine or equipment.
Your emissions control system may include parts such as the carburetor or fuel injection
system, fuel tank, ignition system, and catalytic converter. Also included may be hoses,
belts, connectors, sensors, and other emissions-related assemblies.
Where a warrantable condition exists, B&S will repair your engine/equipment at no cost
to you including diagnosis, parts, and labor.
Manufacturer’s Warranty Coverage:
Small off-road engines and large spark ignited engines less than or equal to 1.0 liter are
warranted for three years. If any emissions-related part on your engine/equipment is
defective, the part will be repaired or replaced by B&S.
January 2012
Owner’s Warranty Responsibilities:



As the engine/equipment owner, you are responsible for the performance of the
required maintenance listed in your owner’s manual. B&S recommends that you
retain all receipts covering maintenance on your engine/equipment, but B&S cannot
deny warranty solely for the lack of receipts or your failure to ensure the performance
of all scheduled maintenance.
As the engine/equipment owner, you should however be aware that B&S may deny
you warranty coverage if your engine/equipment or a part has failed due to abuse,
neglect, improper maintenance, or unapproved modifications.
You are responsible for presenting your engine/equipment to a B&S distribution
center, servicing dealer, or other equivalent entity, as applicable, as soon as a
problem exists. The warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable amount of
time, not to exceed 30 days. If you have any questions regarding your warranty
rights and responsibilities, you should contact B&S at (414) 259-5262.
Briggs & Stratton Emissions Control Warranty Provisions
The following are specific provisions relative to your Emissions Control Warranty Coverage. It is in addition to the B&S engine warranty for non-regulated engines found in the
Operator’s Manual.
The warranty on emissions-related parts is as follows:
1. Warranted Emissions Parts
Coverage under this warranty extends only to the parts listed below (the emissions
 Any warranted part that is not scheduled for replacement as required
control systems parts) to the extent these parts were present on the B&S engine
maintenance in the owner’s manual supplied, is warranted for the warranty
and/or B&S supplied fuel system.
period stated above. If any such part fails during the period of warranty
coverage, the part will be repaired or replaced by B&S at no charge to the
a. Fuel Metering System
owner. Any such part repaired or replaced under the warranty will be warranted
 Cold start enrichment system (soft choke)
for the remaining warranty period.
 Carburetor and internal parts
 Any warranted part that is scheduled only for regular inspection in the owner’s
 Fuel pump
manual supplied, is warranted for the warranty period stated above. Any such
 Fuel line, fuel line fittings, clamps
part repaired or replaced under warranty will be warranted for the remaining
 Fuel tank, cap and tether
warranty period.
 Carbon canister
 Any warranted part that is scheduled for replacement as required maintenance
b. Air Induction System
in the owner’s manual supplied, is warranted for the period of time prior to the
 Air cleaner
first scheduled replacement point for that part. If the part fails prior to the first
 Intake manifold
scheduled replacement, the part will be repaired or replaced by B&S at no
 Purge and vent line
charge to the owner. Any such part repaired or replaced under warranty will be
warranted for the remainder of the period prior to the first scheduled
c. Ignition System
replacement point for the part.
 Spark plug(s)
 Magneto ignition system
 Add on or modified parts that are not exempted by the Air Resources Board
may not be used. The use of any non exempted add on or modified parts by the
d. Catalyst System
owner will be grounds for disallowing a warranty claim. The manufacturer will
 Catalytic converter
not be liable to warrant failures of warranted parts caused by the use of a non
 Exhaust manifold
exempted add on or modified part.
 Air injection system or pulse valve
3.
Consequential
Coverage
e. Miscellaneous Items Used in Above Systems
 Vacuum, temperature, position, time sensitive valves and switches
Coverage shall extend to the failure of any engine components caused by the
 Connectors and assemblies
failure of any warranted emissions parts.
2. Length of Coverage
4. Claims and Coverage Exclusions
For a period of three years from date of original purchase, B&S warrants to the
Warranty claims shall be filed according to the provisions of the B&S engine
original purchaser and each subsequent purchaser that the engine is designed, built,
warranty policy. Warranty coverage does not apply to failures of emissions parts
and equipped so as to conform with all applicable regulations adopted by the Air
that are not original equipment B&S parts or to parts that fail due to abuse, neglect,
Resources Board; that it is free from defects in material and workmanship that could
or improper maintenance as set forth in the B&S engine warranty policy. B&S is not
cause the failure of a warranted part; and that it is identical in all material respects to
liable for warranty coverage of failures of emissions parts caused by the use of
the engine described in the manufacturer’s application for certification. The warranty
add-on or modified parts.
period begins on the date the engine is originally purchased.
Look For Relevant Emissions Durability Period and Air Index Information
On Your Small Off-Road Engine Emissions Label
Engines that are certified to meet the California Air Resources Board (CARB) small
off-road Emissions Standard must display information regarding the Emissions Durability
Period and the Air Index. Briggs & Stratton makes this information available to the
consumer on our emissions labels. The engine emissions label will indicate certification
information.
The Emissions Durability Period describes the number of hours of actual running time
for which the engine is certified to be emissions compliant, assuming proper
maintenance in accordance with the Operating & Maintenance Instructions. The
following categories are used:
Moderate:
Engine is certified to be emissions compliant for 125 hours of actual engine running time.
Intermediate:
Engine is certified to be emissions compliant for 250 hours of actual engine running time.
Extended:
Engine is certified to be emissions compliant for 500 hours of actual engine running time.
For example, a typical walk-behind lawn mower is used 20 to 25 hours per year.
Therefore, the Emissions Durability Period of an engine with an intermediate rating
would equate to 10 to 12 years.
12
Briggs & Stratton engines are certified to meet the United States Environmental
Protection Agency (USEPA) Phase 2 or Phase 3 emissions standards. The Emissions
Compliance Period referred to on the Emissions Compliance label indicates the number
of operating hours for which the engine has been shown to meet Federal emissions
requirements.
For engines less than 225 cc displacement.
Category C = 125 hours, Category B = 250 hours, Category A = 500 hours
For engines of 225 cc or more displacement.
Category C = 250 hours, Category B = 500 hours, Category A = 1000 hours
VanguardEngines.com
Información General
Este manual contiene información de seguridad para que usted tome conciencia de los
peligros y riesgos asociados con los motores, y cómo evitarlos. También contiene
instrucciones para el uso y cuidado apropiados del motor. Ya que Briggs & Stratton
Corporation no conoce necesariamente cuál equipo impulsará este motor, es importante
que usted lea y entienda estas instrucciones y las instrucciones del equipo. Guarde
estas instrucciones para consultarlas en el futuro.
Para conseguir repuestos o asistencia técnica registre los números de modelo, tipo y
código de su motor junto con la fecha de compra. Estos números los encuentra
localizados en su motor (consulte la página de Características y Controles).
ADVERTENCIA
Ciertos componentes en este producto y sus accesorios relacionados contienen
químicos que el Estado de California considera que ocasionan cáncer, defectos
congénitos y otros daños en el aparato reproductivo. Lávese las manos después de
manejarlos.
ADVERTENCIA
Fecha de compra:
La descarga de escape que expele este motor por este producto contiene químicos
conocidos para el Estado de California que pueden ocasionar cáncer, defectos de
nacimiento u otros daños que pueden ser perjudiciales para la reproducción.
MES/DIA/AÑO
Modelo del motor:
Tipo:
Modelo:
Código:
Clasificación de Potencia
La clasificación de potencia total para los modelos individuales de motores a gas se
etiqueta de acuerdo con el código J1940 de SAE (Sociedad de Ingenieros Automotrices)
(Procedimiento de Clasificación de Potencia & Torque del Motor Pequeño) y la
clasificación de desempeño se ha obtenido y se ha corregido de acuerdo con SAE
J1995 (Revisión 2002-05).Los valores de Torque se derivan a 3060 RPM; los valores de
potencia se derivan a 3600 RPM. Las curvas de potencia bruta se puede ver en
www.BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM. Los valores netos de potencia se toman con
escape y filtro de aire instalado mientras que los valores de potencia total se recogen sin
estos accesorios. La potencia total real del motor puede ser mayor que la potencia neta
del motor y estar afectada por, entre otras cosas, condiciones ambientales de operación
y variabilidad de motor a motor. Dado el amplio conjunto de productos en los cuales son
puestos los motores, el motor a gas podría no desarrollar la potencia total nominal
cuando sea usado en una parte dada del equipo acoplado. Esta diferencia se debe a
una variedad de factores que incluyen, sin limitarse a, l avierdad de componentes del
motor (filtro de aire, sistema de escape, sistema de carga, sistema de enfriamiento,
carburador, bomba de combustible, etc.), limitaciones de la aplicación, condiciones
ambientales de operación (temperatura, humedad, altitud), y a la variabilidad de motor a
motor. Debido a las limitaciones de fabricación y capacidad Briggs & Stratton puede
sustituir un motor de potencia nominal más alta por esta Serie de motor.
Seguridad del Operario
SÍMBOLOS DE SEGURIDAD Y CONTROL
Fuego
Partes en Movimiento
Fast
Estrangulador
Químico
Peligroso
Parar
Aceite
Explosión
Gases Tóxicos
Slow
Descarga Eléctrica Combustible
On Off
Válvula de Paso
de Combustible
Contragolpe
Lea el
Manual
Superficie
Caliente
Congelado
Protección
Para los Ojos
El símbolo de aviso de seguridad
se utiliza para identificar la información de
seguridad relacionada con los peligros que pueden ocasionar lesiones personales. Se
señaliza con una palabra (PELIGRO, ADVERTENCIA o PRECAUCIÓN) con el símbolo de
aviso para indicar la probabilidad de una lesión y su gravedad potencial. Además, un
símbolo de peligro puede ser utilizado para representar el tipo de peligro.
PELIGRO indica un peligro que si no es evitado, ocasionará la muerte o
heridas graves.
ADVERTENCIA indica un peligro que si no es evitado, podría ocasionar la
muerte o heridas graves.
PRECAUCIÓN indica un peligro que, si no es evitado, podría ocasionar
lesiones menores o moderadas.
NOTIFICACIÓN indica una situación que podría ocasionar daños al
ADVERTENCIA
Los motores Briggs & Stratton no están diseñados ni deben ser uilizados para
impulsar karts para diversión/recreo, vehículos para niños, recreacionales o
vehículos deportivos todo terreno (ATVs), bicicletas motorizadas, aerodeslizadores,
productos para aviación o vehículos para uso en eventos competitivos no
autorizados por Briggs & Stratton. Para información acerca de productos para
carreras de competencia refiérase a www.briggsracing.com. Para la utilización con
ATVs utilitarios y “lado a lado,” por favor póngase en contacto con Briggs & Stratton
Engine Application Center, 1-866-927-3349. La aplicación inadecuada del motor
puede tener como resultado lesiones graves o incluso la muerte.
NOTIFICACIÓN: Este motor fue despachado de Briggs & Stratton sin aceite. Antes de
darle arranque al motor, asegúrese de agregar aceite de acuerdo con las instrucciones
de este manual. Si da arranque al motor sin que éste tenga aceite, se dañará hasta tal
punto que no podrá ser reparado y no será cubierto por la garantía.
ADVERTENCIA
El combustible y sus vapores son extremadamente inflamables y
explosivos.
Un incendio o una explosión pueden causar graves quemaduras o la
muerte.
Cuando Aprovisione con Combustible
 Apague el motor y deje que el motor se enfríe por lo menos 2 minutos antes
de remover la tapa de combustible.
 Llene el tanque de combustible en exteriores o en un área bien ventilada.
 No llene demasiado el tanque de combustible. Para permitir la expansión del
combustible no llene por encima de la parte inferior del cuello del tanque de
combustible
 Mantenga el combustible a distancia de chispas, llamas abiertas, testigos
piloto, calor y otras fuentes de encendido.
 Compruebe con frecuencia si existen grietas o fugas en las mangueras de
combustible, el tanque, la tapa y en los accesorios. Cámbielos si es
necesario
 Si se derramó combustible, espere hasta que se haya evaporado antes de darle
arranque al motor.
Cuando le de Arranque al motor
 Asegúrese que la bujía, el mofle, la tapa de combustible y el filtro de aire (si
está equipado) estén en su lugar, y firmemente asegurados.
 No haga girar el motor si removió la bujía.
 Si el motor se inunda, ajuste el estrangulador (si está equipado) en la posición
OPEN/RUN, coloque el acelerador (si está equipado) en la posición FAST y
haga girar el motor hasta que de arranque.
Cuando Opere El Equipo
 No incline el motor ni el equipo a un ángulo que pueda ocasionar derrames de
combustible.
 No use el estrangulador para detener el motor.
 Nunca arranque u opere el motor si removió el conjunto del filtro de aire (si está
equipado) o el filtro de aire (si está equipado).
Cuando cambie el aceite
 Si drena el aceite desde el tubo superior de llenado de aceite, el tanque de
combustible debe estar vacío o de lo contrario podría presentarse una fuga de
combustible que podría ocasionar un incendio o una explosión.
Al inclinar la unidad para trabajos de mantenimiento
 Al realizar trabajos de mantenimiento que requieran inclinar la unidad, el tanque
de combustible debe estar desocupado o podría haber una fuga de combustible
y generar un incendio o una explosión.
Cuando Transporte el Equipo
 Transpórtelo con el tanque de combustible VACÍO o con la válvula de paso de
combustible en la posición OFF.
Cuando Almacene el Combustible o el Equipo con Combustible en el Tanque
 Almacene a distancia de hornos, estufas, calentadores de agua u otros
aparatos que utilicen testigos piloto u otras fuentes de encendido ya que estos
pueden encender los vapores combustibles.
producto.
es
13
ADVERTENCIA
ADVERTENCIA
Dar arranque al motor crea chispeo.
El chispeo puede encender los gases inflamables cercanos.
Podría ocurrir una explosión o un incendio.


Si hay una fuga de gas natural o gas propano LP en el área, no le de arranque
al motor.
No use líquidos de arranque presurizado ya que los vapores son inflamables.



ADVERTENCIA


Los motores emiten monóxido de carbono, un gas venenoso que
carece de olor y de color.
Respirar monóxido de carbono puede ocasionar náuseas, desmayos
o la muerte.
Dele arranque al motor y opérelo en exteriores.
No le de arranque al motor ni lo opere en un área encerrada, aun cuando las
puertas o las ventanas se encuentren abiertas.
ADVERTENCIA



La retracción rápida de la cuerda de arranque (contragolpe) le halará
la mano y el brazo hacia el motor más rápido de lo que usted la pueda
dejar ir.
Podrían ocasionarse roturas de huesos, fracturas, moretones o
torceduras.
Cuando le de arranque al motor, hale lentamente la cuerda hasta que se sienta
resistencia y después hálela rápidamente para evitar un contragolpe.
Remueva todas las cargas externas del equipo/motor antes de darle arranque
al motor.
Los componentes de acople directo del equipo tal como, pero sin limitarse a,
cuchillas, impulsores, poleas, dientes de piñones, etc. se deben asegurar
firmemente.
ADVERTENCIA
Las partes rotantes pueden tener contacto o enredar las manos, los
pies, el cabello, la ropa o los accesorios.
Puede producirse una traumática amputación o una grave laceración.




14
Opere el equipo con los protectores en su lugar.
Mantenga sus manos y sus pies a distancia de las partes rotantes.
Recójase el cabello largo y quítese las joyas.
No use ropa floja, tiras que cuelguen ni artículos que puedan ser agarrados.
El funcionamiento de los motores produce calor. Las partes de los
motores, especialmente el mofle, se calientan demasiado.
Pueden ocurrir graves quemaduras a causa de su contacto.
Desechos combustibles, tal como hojas, grama, maleza, etc. pueden
alcanzar a encenderse.
Deje que el mofle, el cilindro y las aletas del motor se enfríen antes de tocarlos.
Remueva los desechos acumulados en el área del mofle y en el área del
cilindro.
Usar u operar el motor en un terreno que contenga bosques, arbustos o pasto
es una violación al Código de Recursos Públicos de California, Sección 4442, a
menos que el sistema de escape esté equipado con un atrapachispas, según se
define en la Sección 4442, mantenido en excelente estado de funcionamiento.
Otros estados o jurisdicciones federales pueden tener leyes similares. Contacte
al fabricante, comerciante o distribuidor del equipo original para obtener un
atrapachispas diseñado para el sistema de escape instalado en este motor.
ADVERTENCIA
Un chispeo involuntario puede producir un incendio o una descarga
eléctrica.
Una puesta en marcha involuntaria puede ocasionar un enredo, una
amputación traumática o una laceración.
Peligro de incendio
Antes de hacer ajustes o reparaciones:
 Desconecte el cable de la bujía y mántegalo a distancia de la bujía.
 Desconecte la batería en la terminal negativa (únicamente motores con
arranque eléctrico).
 Use únicamente las herramientas correctas.
 No manipule los resortes del regulador, las varillas u otras partes para
incrementar la velocidad del motor.
 Los repuestos deben ser del mismo diseño y ser instalados en la misma
posición que tenían las partes originales. Es posible que otros repuestos no
funcionen tan bien, dañen la unidad y hasta pueden ocasionar lesiones.
 No golpee la volante con un martillo ni con un objeto pesado ya que la volante
podría astillarse más adelante durante la operación.
Cuando compruebe chispa:
 Utilice un probador aprobado.
 No compruebe chispa si removió la bujía.
VanguardEngines.com
Características y Controles
Compare la ilustración 1 con su motor para que se familiarice con la ubicación de las
diversas características y controles.
A. Identificación del motor
Modelo, Tipo y Código. Ejemplo:
B.
Bujía
C.
Filtro de aire (sin tanque de combustible)
D.
Filtro de aire (con tanque de combustible)
E.
Varilla Indicadora Nivel de Aceite
F.
Llenado de Aceite
Presión de Aceite
Si la presión de aceite es muy baja, un suiche de presión (si está equipado) detendrá el
motor o activará un dispositivo de advertencia en el equipo. Si esto ocurre, detenga el
motor y compruebe el nivel de aceite con la varilla indicadora de nivel de aceite.
Si el nivel de aceite está por debajo de la marca ADD, agregue aceite hasta que alcance
la marca FULL. De arranque al motor y compruebe que tenga la presión correcta antes
de continuar la operación.
Si el nivel de aceite está entre las marcas ADD y FULL, no de arranque al motor.
Contacte un Distribuidor Autorizado Briggs & Stratton para corregir el problema de
presión de aceite.
G. Filtro de Aceite (opcional)
H.
Tapón Drenaje Aceite
I.
Sensor de Presión de Aceite
J.
Protector de Dedos
K.
Arranque eléctrico
L.
Arranque retráctil (opcional)
M. Carburador
N.
Mofle (opcional)
Recomendaciones para el Combustible
O. Bomba de Combustible
P.
1. Remueva la varilla indicadora de nivel de aceite (A) y límpiela con un trapo limpio
(Figura 2).
2. Inserte completamente la varilla indicadora de nivel de aceite.
3. Remueva la varilla indicadora de nivel de aceite y compruebe el nivel de aceite. El
aceite debe llegar arriba del indicador de (B) en la varilla indicadora de nivel de
aceite.
4. Si el nivel de aceite es bajo, añada aceite lentamente por dentro del tubo de llenado
de aceite (C). No llene excesivamente. Después de aprovisionar con aceite, espere
un minuto y después vuelva a comprobar el nivel de aceite.
5. Inserte completamente la varilla indicadora de nivel de aceite.
Suiche de Arranque *
El combustible debe cumplir con estos requerimientos:
 Gasolina limpia, fresca y libre de plomo.
 Un mínimo de 87 octanos/87 AKI (91 RON). Para uso a alta altitud vea a
continuación.
 El uso de gasolina hasta con el 10% de ethanol (gasohol) es aceptable.
PRECAUCIÓN: No use gasolina que no haya sido aprobada, tal como E15 ó E85. No
mezcle el aceite con la gasolina, ni modifique el motor para operarlo con combustibles
alternos. La utilización de combustibles inapropiados dañará los componentes del motor
e invalidará la garantía del motor.
Q. Control del Acelerador *
R.
Control del estrangulador *
S.
Filtro de Combustible (opcional)
T.
Tanque de Combustible (opcional)
U.
Cierre de combustible (opcional) *
V.
Suiche de parada (opcional) *
W. Enfriador del aceite (opcional)
* Algunos motores y equipos tienen controles remotos. Vea el manual del equipo para la
ubicación y operación de los controles remotos.
Operación
Para proteger el sistema de combustible de la formación de depósitos de goma,
mézclele un estabilizador de combustible cuando le añada combustible. Consulte el
aparte: Bodegaje. Todos los combustibles no son los mismos. Si se presentan
problemas de arranque o de rendimiento cambie de proveedor de combustible o de
marca. Este motor está certificado para operar con gasolina. El sistema de control de
emisiones para este motor es EM (Modificaciones del Motor).
Capacidad de aceite (vea la sección de Especificaciones)
Alta Altitud
Recomendaciones de Aceite
A alturas superiores a 5,000 pies (1524 metros), es aceptable una gasolina con un
mínimo de 85 octanos/85 AKI (89 RON). Es necesario realizar ajustes para uso en
altura para seguir cumpliendo con los límites de emisiones. Si no se realiza este ajuste,
podría disminuir el desempeño y aumentar el consumo de combustible y las emisiones.
Para obtener información sobre el ajuste para uso en altura, consulte con un Distribuidor
de Servicio Autorizado Briggs & Stratton.
Se recomienda el uso de aceites Certificados por la Garantía Briggs & Stratton para
mejor rendimiento. Otros aceites detergentes de alta calidad son aceptables si están
clasificados para servicio SF, SG, SH, SJ o superior. No utilice aditivos especiales.
Las temperaturas exteriores determinan la viscosidad del aceite apropiada para el motor.
Utilice el cuadro para seleccionar la mejor viscosidad para el rango de temperatura
exterior esperado.
Cómo agregar combustible - Figura 3
ADVERTENCIA
El combustible y sus vapores son extremadamente inflamables y
explosivos.
Un incendio o una explosión pueden causar graves quemaduras o la
muerte.
5W-30
5W-30 Sintético
10W-30
°C
SAE 30
°F
No se recomienda operar el motor a altitudes inferiores a 2.500 pies (762 metros) con el
kit para alta altitud.
*
El uso de aceite SAE 30 a temperaturas inferiores a 40°F (4°C) producirá dificultad
de arranque.
**
El uso de aceite 10W-30 a temperaturas superiores a 80°F (27°C) puede producir
un incremento en el consumo de aceite. Compruebe el nivel de aceite con mayor
frecuencia.
Cómo verificar/Añadir aceite - Figura 2
Antes de aprovisionar con aceite o de comprobar el nivel de aceite
 Coloque el motor a nivel.
 Limpie el área de llenado de aceite de todo desecho.
es
Cuando Aprovisione con Combustible
 Apague el motor y deje que el motor se enfríe por lo menos 2 minutos antes
de remover la tapa de combustible.
 Llene el tanque de combustible en exteriores o en un área bien ventilada.
 No llene demasiado el tanque de combustible. Para permitir la expansión del
combustible no llene por encima de la parte inferior del cuello del tanque de
combustible
 Mantenga el combustible a distancia de chispas, llamas abiertas, testigos
piloto, calor y otras fuentes de encendido.
 Compruebe con frecuencia si existen grietas o fugas en las mangueras de
combustible, el tanque, la tapa y en los accesorios. Cámbielos si es
necesario
 Si se derramó combustible, espere hasta que se haya evaporado antes de darle
arranque al motor.
1. Limpie el área de la tapa de combustible de polvo y desechos. Retire la tapa de
combustible (A). (Figura 3).
2. Llene el tanque de combustible (B) con combustible. Para permitir la expansión de la
gasolina, no lo llene por encima de la parte inferior del cuello del tanque de
combustible (C).
3. Re-instale la tapa de combustible.
15
Cómo Darle Arranque al Motor - Figura 4
5. Mueva el control del acelerador (B) hacia la posición fast
el control del acelerador en la posición fast
ADVERTENCIA

La retracción rápida de la cuerda de arranque (contragolpe) le halará la
mano y el brazo hacia el motor más rápido de lo que usted la pueda
dejar ir.
Podrían ocasionarse roturas de huesos, fracturas, moretones o
torceduras.
Cuando le de arranque al motor, hale lentamente la cuerda hasta que se sienta
resistencia y después hálela rápidamente para evitar un contragolpe.
ADVERTENCIA
El combustible y sus vapores son extremadamente inflamables y
explosivos.
Un incendio o una explosión pueden causar graves quemaduras o la
muerte.
Cuando le de Arranque al motor
 Asegúrese que la bujía, el mofle, la tapa de combustible y el filtro de aire (si
está equipado) estén en su lugar, y firmemente asegurados.
 No haga girar el motor si removió la bujía.
 Si el motor se inunda, ajuste el estrangulador (si está equipado) en la posición
OPEN/RUN, coloque el acelerador (si está equipado) en la posición FAST y
haga girar el motor hasta que de arranque.
. Opere el motor con
.
6. Mueva la palanca del estrangulador (C) hacia la posición choke
.
Nota: Generalmente el estrangulador no es necesario cuando se enciende un motor
caliente.
7. Arranque retráctil: Gire el suiche de llave (D), si está equipado, hacia la posición
run.
8. Arranque retráctil: Sostenga firmemente la manija de la cuerda de arranque (E).
Jale lentamente la cuerda de arranque hasta que se sienta resistencia, después
jálela rápidamente.
Nota: Si el motor no arranca después de varios intentos, visite
VanguardEngines.com o llame al 1-800-999-9333 (en los EE.UU.).
ADVERTENCIA: La retracción rápida de la cuerda de arranque
(contragolpe) le halará la mano y el brazo hacia el motor más rápido de lo que
usted la pueda dejar ir. Podrían ocasionarse roturas de huesos, fracturas,
moretones o torceduras. Cuando le de arranque al motor, hale lentamente la
cuerda hasta que se sienta resistencia y después hálela rápidamente para evitar un
contragolpe.
9. Arranque eléctrico: Gire el suiche del arranque eléctrico (D) hacia la posición
on/Start.
Nota: Si el motor no arranca después de varios intentos, visite
VanguardEngines.com o llame al 1-800-999-9333 (en los EE.UU.).
NOTIFICACIÓN: Para prolongar la duración del arrendador, utilice ciclos de
arranque cortos (máximo de cinco segundos). Espere un minuto entre ciclos de
arranque.
10. A medida que el motor se calienta, mueva el control del estrangulador (C) a la
posición run
.
ADVERTENCIA


Los motores emiten monóxido de carbono, un gas venenoso que
carece de olor y de color.
Respirar monóxido de carbono puede ocasionar náuseas, desmayos
o la muerte.
Dele arranque al motor y opérelo en exteriores.
No le de arranque al motor ni lo opere en un área encerrada, aun cuando las
puertas o las ventanas se encuentren abiertas.
NOTIFICACIÓN: Este motor fue despachado de Briggs & Stratton sin aceite. Antes de
darle arranque al motor, asegúrese de aprovisionar con aceite de acuerdo con las
instrucciones de este manual. Si le da arranque al motor sin que esté provisto de aceite,
éste se dañará más allá de la reparación y no será cubierto por la garantía.
Nota: Algunos motores y equipos tienen controles remotos. Vea el manual del equipo
para la ubicación y operación de los controles remotos.
1. Compruebe el nivel de aceite. Vea la sección Cómo Comprobar/Aprovisionar con
Aceite.
2. Asegúrese de que los controles de accionamiento del equipo, si está equipado, se
encuentren desengranados.
3. Gire la válvula de cierre de combustible (A), si está equipado, hacia la posición on
(Figura 4).
4. Mueva el suiche de parada (F), si está equipado, a la posición on.
Cómo Detener el Motor - Figura 4
ADVERTENCIA
El combustible y sus vapores son extremadamente inflamables y
explosivos.
Un incendio o una explosión pueden causar graves quemaduras o la
muerte.

No use el estrangulador para detener el motor.
1. Mueva el control del acelerador (B) hacia la posición slow
, gire el suiche de
llave (D) hacia la posición off (Figura 4). Retire la llave y guárdela en un lugar seguro
fuera del alcance de los niños.
2. Mueva el suiche de parada (F), si está equipado, a la posición off.
3. Después de que se detenga el motor, gire la válvula de cierre de combustible (A), si
está equipado, a la posición cerrada.
Mantenimiento
Recomendamos contactar un Distribuidor Autorizado Briggs & Stratton para todo lo
relacionado con el mantenimiento y el servicio del motor y sus partes.
NOTIFICACIÓN: Todos los componentes utilizados para fabricar este motor deben
mantenerse en su lugar para una correcta operación.
ADVERTENCIA: Al realizar trabajos de mantenimiento que requieran
inclinar la unidad, el tanque de combustible debe estar desocupado o podría haber
una fuga de combustible y generar un incendio o una explosión.
Control de Emisiones
El mantenimiento, cambio o reparación de los dispositivos y sistemas del control
de emisiones pueden ser realizados por cualquier establecimiento o persona que
repare motores todo terreno. Sin embargo, para obtener servicio de control de
emisiones “sin costo”, la labor debe ser realizada por un distribuidor autorizado por la
fábrica. Vea la Garantía de Emisiones.
ADVERTENCIA
Un chispeo involuntario puede producir un incendio o una descarga
eléctrica.
Una puesta en marcha involuntaria puede ocasionar un enredo, una
amputación traumática o una laceración.
Peligro de incendio
Antes de hacer ajustes o reparaciones:
 Desconecte el cable de la bujía y mántegalo a distancia de la bujía.
 Desconecte la batería en la terminal negativa (únicamente motores con
arranque eléctrico).
 Use únicamente las herramientas correctas.
 No manipule los resortes del regulador, las varillas u otras partes para
incrementar la velocidad del motor.
 Los repuestos deben ser del mismo diseño y ser instalados en la misma
posición que tenían las partes originales. Es posible que otros repuestos no
funcionen tan bien, dañen la unidad y hasta pueden ocasionar lesiones.
 No golpee la volante con un martillo ni con un objeto pesado ya que la volante
podría astillarse más adelante durante la operación.
Cuando compruebe chispa:
 Utilice un probador aprobado.
 No compruebe chispa si removió la bujía.
16
VanguardEngines.com
Cuadro de Mantenimiento
ADVERTENCIA: Los repuestos deben ser del mismo diseño y ser
instalados en la misma posición que tenían las partes originales. Es posible que
otros repuestos no funcionen tan bien, dañen la unidad y hasta pueden ocasionar
lesiones.
Las Primeras 5 horas

Cambie aceite
Cada 8 Horas o Diariamente


Cómo cambiar el aceite - Figura 8
Compruebe el nivel de aceite del motor.
Limpie el área alrededor del mofle y los controles
Cada 100 horas o anualmente





Limpie o cambie el filtro de aire *
Limpie el pre-filtro (si está equipado) *
Cambie el aceite y el filtro del motor
Cambie la bujía
Compruebe el mofle y el atrapachispas
Remoción del Aceite
Cada 250 horas o anualmente

9
El aceite usado es un producto de desecho peligroso y se debe disponer de éste
adecuadamente. No lo descarte en la basurera de la casa. Verifique con sus autoridades
locales, con el centro de servicio, o con su distribuidor para obtener información acerca
de las facilidades seguras para su destrucción/reciclaje.
Compruebe la tolerancia de la válvula. Ajuste si es necesario.
1. Con el motor apagado pero aún caliente, desconecte el cable de la bujía (A) y
manténgalo a distancia de la bujía (Figura 8).
2. Remueva el tapón de drenaje de aceite (B, Figura 9). Drene el aceite a un recipiente
aprobado.
3. Después de haber drenado el aceite del motor, instale y apriete el tapón de drenaje
de aceite.
Cada 400 horas o anualmente




*
Cambie el Filtro de Aceite (si está equipado)
Cambie el filtro de aire
Reemplace el filtro de combustible
Limpie el sistema de enfriamiento de aire *
Limpie las aletas del refrigerador de aceite *
Limpie con mayor frecuencia en condiciones de mucho polvo o cuando el aire
contenga muchas partículas.
Ajuste del Carburador
Nunca le haga ajustes al carburador. El carburador ha sido ajustado de fábrica para
operar eficientemente bajo la mayoría de las condiciones. Sin embargo, si se requiere
que éste sea ajustado, consulte cualquier Distribuidor de Servicio Autorizado Briggs &
Stratton.
NOTIFICACIÓN: El fabricante del equipo en el cual es instalado el motor especifica la
velocidad máxima en la cual será operado el motor. No exceda esta velocidad.
Algunos modelos están equipados con un filtro de aceite. Para saber cada cuánto
requiere ser reemplazado, consulte el cuadro de Mantenimiento.
1. Drene el aceite del motor. Consulte la sección Remoción del Aceite.
2. Remueva el filtro de aceite (C) y deséchelo de manera adecuada. Vea la Figura 9.
3. Antes de instalar el nuevo filtro de aceite, lubrique un poco el empaque del filtro de
aceite con aceite fresco y limpio.
4. Instale manualmente el filtro de aceite de hasta que el empaque haga contacto con
el adaptador del filtro de aceite, luego apriete el filtro de aceite dándole 1/2 a 3/4 de
giro.
5. Añada aceite. Consulte la sección Aprovisionamiento de Aceite.
6. De arranque y opere el motor. A medida que el motor se caliente compruebe si hay
fugas de aceite.
7. Detenga el motor y compruebe el nivel de aceite. El aceite debe llegar arriba del
indicador de (F) en la varilla indicadora de nivel de aceite (Figura 8).
Aprovisionamiento de Aceite



1.
Cómo reemplazar la bujía - Figura 5
Compruebe el entrehierro (A, Figura 5) con un calibrador de alambre (B). Si es
necesario, reajuste el entrehierro. Instale y apriete la bujía al par de apriete
recomendado. Para el ajuste del entrehierro o el par de apriete, consulte la sección de
Especificaciones.
Nota: En algunas áreas, las leyes locales requieren el uso de una bujía con resistencia
para suprimir las señales de encendido. Si este motor vino originalmente equipado con
una bujía con resistencia, utilice el mismo tipo de bujía para el cambio.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Inspección del Mofle y el Atrapachispas - Figura 6
Cómo mantener el filtro de aire - Figura 11

12
ADVERTENCIA
ADVERTENCIA


Coloque el motor a nivel.
Limpie el área de llenado de aceite de todo desecho.
Consulte la sección de Especificaciones para la capacidad de aceite.
Remueva la varilla indicadora de nivel de aceite (D) y límpiela con un trapo limpio
(Figura 8).
Vierta el aceite lentamente por dentro del tubo de llenado de aceite (E). No lo llene
excesivamente. Después de aprovisionar con aceite, espere un minuto y vuelva a
comprobar el nivel de aceite.
Coloque y ajuste la varilla indicadora.
Remueva la varilla indicadora de nivel de aceite y compruebe el nivel de aceite. El
aceite debe llegar arriba del indicador de (F) en la varilla indicadora de nivel de
aceite.
Coloque y ajuste la varilla indicadora.
El funcionamiento de los motores produce calor. Las partes de los
motores, especialmente el mofle, se calientan demasiado.
Pueden ocurrir graves quemaduras a causa de su contacto.
Desechos combustibles, tal como hojas, grama, maleza, etc. pueden
alcanzar a encenderse.
Deje que el mofle, el cilindro y las aletas del motor se enfríen antes de tocarlos.
Remueva los desechos acumulados en el área del mofle y en el área del
cilindro.
Constituye una violación del Código de Recursos Públicos de California,
Sección 4442, el utilizar u operar el motor en terrenos cubiertos con bosques,
maleza o grama, a menos que el sistema de escape esté equipado con un
atrapachispas, tal como se define en la Sección 4442, mantenido en correcto
orden de funcionamiento. Otros estados pueden tener leyes similares. Póngase
en contacto con el fabricante, minorista o distribuidor del equipo original para
obtener un atrapachispas diseñado para el sistema de escape instalado en este
motor.
Remueva los desechos acumulados en el área del mofle y en el área del cilindro.
Inspeccione el mofle (A, Figura 6) en busca de grietas, corrosión u otros daños.
Remueva el atrapachispas (B), en caso de estar equipado, e inspeccione en búsqueda
de daños u obstrucciones de carbón. Si se encuentran daños, instale los repuestos
antes de operar.
es
El combustible y sus vapores son extremadamente inflamables y
explosivos.
Un incendio o una explosión pueden causar graves quemaduras o la
muerte.

Nunca arranque u opere el motor si removió el conjunto del filtro de aire (si está
equipado) o el filtro de aire (si está equipado).
NOTIFICACIÓN: No use aire a presión ni solventes para limpiar el filtro. El aire a
presión puede dañar el filtro y los solventes pueden disolverlo.
Se muestran dos tipos de sistemas de filtro del aire. Consulte el Cuadro de
Mantenimiento para los requerimientos de servicio.
1. Modelos sin tanque de combustible: Abra los seguros (A) y remueva la tapa (B).
Vea la Figura 11.
2. Modelos con tanque de combustible: Remueva la perilla (C) y la tapa (B). Vea la
Figura 12.
3. Remueva la tuerca (D) y el retenedor (E). Vea la Figura 11 y 12.
4. Remueva el filtro de aire (F).
5. Remueva el pre-filtro (G), si está equipado, del filtro de aire.
6. Para aflojar los desechos, golpee suavemente el filtro sobre una superficie dura. Si
el filtro está excesivamente sucio, reemplácelo por un filtro nuevo.
7. Lave el pre-filtro en detergente líquido y agua. Luego permita que se seque
completamente al aire. No aceite el pre-filtro.
17
8. Instale el pre-filtro seco sobre el filtro de aire.
9. Instale el filtro de aire y asegúrelo con el retenedor y la tuerca.
10. Instale y asegure la cubierta.
Cómo reemplazar el filtro de combustible - Figura 7
ADVERTENCIA
El combustible y sus vapores son extremadamente inflamables y
explosivos.
Un incendio o una explosión pueden causar graves quemaduras o la
muerte.





Mantenga el combustible a distancia de chispas, llamas abiertas, testigos
piloto, calor y otras fuentes de encendido.
Compruebe con frecuencia si existen grietas o fugas en las mangueras de
combustible, el tanque, la tapa y en los accesorios. Cámbielos si es
necesario.
Antes de reemplazar el filtro, drene el tanque de combustible o cierre la válvula
de paso de combustible.
Los repuestos deben ser iguales e instalarse en la misma posición que tenían
las partes originales.
Si se derramó combustible, espere hasta que se haya evaporado antes de darle
arranque al motor.
1. Antes de reemplazar el filtro de combustible (A, Figura 7), si está equipado, drene el
tanque de combustible o cierre la válvula de paso de combustible. De no hacerlo, se
podría presentar una fuga de combustible y generar un incendio o una explosión.
2. Utilice alicates para agarrar las pestañas (B) en las abrazaderas (C), luego aleje las
abrazaderas del filtro de combustible. Gire y hale las mangueras de combustible (D)
separándolas del filtro de combustible.
3. Revise las mangueras de combustible para comprobar si hay grietas o fugas.
Reemplácelas en caso de ser necesario.
4. Reemplace el filtro de combustible con un filtro de repuesto genuino.
5. Asegure las mangueras de combustible con las abrazaderas según lo indicado.
Nota: Los motores equipados con una tanque de combustible instalado en la fábrica
pueden tener un filtro del tanque de combustible (E), vea la Figura 3.
Cómo Limpiar el Sistema de Enfriamiento de Aire - Figura 10
ADVERTENCIA


18
El funcionamiento de los motores produce calor. Las partes de los
motores, especialmente el mofle, se calientan demasiado.
Pueden ocurrir graves quemaduras a causa de su contacto.
Desechos combustibles, tal como hojas, grama, maleza, etc. pueden
alcanzar a encenderse.
Deje que el mofle, el cilindro y las aletas del motor se enfríen antes de tocarlos.
Remueva los desechos acumulados en el área del mofle y en el área del
cilindro.
NOTIFICACIÓN: No use agua para limpiar el motor. El agua podría contaminar el
sistema de combustible. Utilice un cepillo o un trapo seco para limpiar el motor.
Este es un motor enfriado por aire. Las suciedades o los desechos pueden restringir el
flujo de aire y ocasionar recalentamiento en el motor, produciendo un desempeño pobre
y una vida del motor reducida.
Utilice un cepillo o un trapo seco para remover los desechos del protector de dedos (A).
Mantenga las varillas, los resortes y los controles (B) limpios. Mantenga el área
alrededor y por detrás del mofle (C) libre de todo desecho combustible (Figura 10).
Asegúrese que las aletas del refrigerador de aceite (D) estén libres de mugre y de
desechos.
Bodegaje
ADVERTENCIA
El combustible y sus vapores son extremadamente inflamables y
explosivos.
Un incendio o una explosión pueden causar graves quemaduras o la
muerte.
Cuando Almacene el Combustible o el Equipo con Combustible en el Tanque
 Almacene a distancia de hornos, estufas, calentadores de agua u otros
aparatos que utilicen testigos piloto u otras fuentes de encendido ya que estos
pueden encender los vapores combustibles.
Sistema de Combustible
El combustible puede pasarse si se lo almacena por más de 30 días. El combustible
pasado provoca la formación de depósitos de ácido y goma en el sistema de
combustible o en partes esenciales del carburador. Para mantener el combustible
fresco, utilice el Estabilizador y tratamiento de combustible con fórmula avanzada
de Briggs & Stratton, disponible donde se venden partes de servicio legítimas de
Briggs & Stratton.
Para motores equipados con una tapa de combustible FRESH START®, utilice el
estabilizador de combustible FRESH START® de Briggs & Stratton, disponible en forma
de cartucho concentrado de goteo.
Si el estabilizador se agrega de acuerdo a las instrucciones, no es necesario drenar la
gasolina del motor. Haga andar el motor durante 2 minutos par hacer circular el
estabilizador por el sistema de combustible antes de preceder al almacenamiento.
Si la gasolina en el motor no ha sido tratada con un estabilizador de combustible, debe
ser drenada a un recipiente aprobado. Deje que el motor opere hasta que se detenga
por la falta de combustible. Se recomienda el uso de un estabilizador de combustible en
el recipiente de almacenamiento para mantener la frescura.
Aceite del Motor
Cambie el aceite del motor mientras que el motor se encuentre todavía caliente.
Detección de Fallas
¿Necesita Asistencia? Vaya a VanguardEngines.com o marque el teléfono
1-800-999-9333.
VanguardEngines.com
Especificaciones
Especificaciones del Motor
Modelo
Especificaciones del Motor
290000
in3
(479
cm3)
Modelo
350000
Desplazamiento
34,78 in3 (570 cm3)
Desplazamiento
29,23
Diámetro Interno del Cilindro
2,677 in (68 mm)
Diámetro Interno del Cilindro
2,835 in (72 mm)
Carrera
2,598 in (66 mm)
Carrera
2,756 in (70 mm)
Capacidad de Aceite
46 -- 48 oz (1,36 -- 1,42 L)
Capacidad de Aceite
46 -- 48 oz (1,36 -- 1,42 L)
Especificaciones del Motor
Modelo
Especificaciones del Motor
300000
in3
(479
cm3)
Modelo
380000
Desplazamiento
38,26 in3 (627 cm3)
Desplazamiento
29,23
Diámetro Interno del Cilindro
2,677 in (68 mm)
Diámetro Interno del Cilindro
2,972 in (75,5 mm)
Carrera
2,598 in (66 mm)
Carrera
2,756 in (70 mm)
Capacidad de Aceite
46 -- 48 oz (1,36 -- 1,42 L)
Capacidad de Aceite
46 -- 48 oz (1,36 -- 1,42 L)
Especificaciones de Ajuste *
Especificaciones de Ajuste *
Modelo
290000, 300000
Modelo
350000, 380000
Entrehierro de la Bujía
0,030 in (0,76 mm)
Entrehierro de la Bujía
0,030 in (0,76 mm)
Torque de la Bujía
180 lb-in (20 Nm)
Torque de la Bujía
180 lb-in (20 Nm)
Entrehierro Inducido
0,008 - 0,012 in (0,20 - 0,30 mm)
Entrehierro Inducido
0,008 - 0,012 in (0,20 - 0,30 mm)
Tolerancia de la Válvula de Admisión
0,004 - 0,006 in (0,10 - 0,15 mm)
Tolerancia de la Válvula de Admisión
0,004 - 0,006 in (0,10 - 0,15 mm)
Tolerancia de la Válvula de Escape
0,004 - 0,006 in (0,10 - 0,15 mm)
Tolerancia de la Válvula de Escape
0,004 - 0,006 in (0,10 - 0,15 mm)
* La potencia del motor disminuirá 3.5% por cada 1,000 pies (300 metros) sobre el nivel del mar y un 1% por cada 10 F (5.6 C) por encima de 77 F (25 C). El motor operará
satisfactoriamente a un ángulo de hasta 15. Refiérase al manual del operador del equipo para obtener información acerca de los límites de operación permitidos en pendientes.
Partes de Servicio Comunes n
Parte de Servicio
Numero de parte
Parte de Servicio
Numero de parte
Filtro de aire -- con tanque de combustible
393957
Filtro de combustible -con tanque de combustible
808116
Filtro de aire -- excepto el modelo 380000
394018
Filtro de combustible -con bomba de combustible
691035
Filtro de aire-- modelo 380000
692519
Filtro de combustible - sin bomba de combustible
298090
Pre-filtro filtro de aire - con tanque de combustible
271794
Aditivo de Combustible
5041
Pre-filtro filtro de aire - excepto el modelo 380000
272490
Bujía con Resistencia
491055
Pre-filtro filtro de aire - modelo 380000
692520
Bujía de Platino de Larga Vida
5066
Aceite -- SAE 30
100028
Llave de Bujía
19374
Filtro de Aceite - 6 cms de largo
492932
Probador de Chispa
19368
Filtro de Aceite - 9 cms de largo
491056
n Recomendamos que contacte a cualquier Distribuidor de Servicio Autorizado Briggs & Stratton para todo lo relacionado con el mantenimiento y el servicio del motor y sus partes.
es
19
PÓLIZA DE GARANTIA PARA EL MOTOR BRIGGS & STRATTON
Abril 2012
GARANTIA LIMITADA
Briggs & Stratton Corporation garantiza que durante el período de grantí especificado más adelante reparará o reemplazará, sin costo alguno, cual(es)quier parte(s) del motor
considerada(s) como defectuosas en material, mano de obra o ambos. Los gastos de transporte del producto sometido a reparación o cambio bajo esta Garantía deben ser
abonados por el comprador. Esta garantía tiene vigencia y está sujeta a los períodos y condiciones establecidos a continuación. Para recibir servicio de garantía, contacte el
Distribuidor de Servicio Autorizado más cercano en nuestro mapa de localización de distribuidores en BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM. El comprador debe ponerse en contacto
con el Distribuidor de Servicio Autorizado, y luego poner el producto a disposición del Distribuidor de Servicio Autorizado para la inspección y pruebas.
No existe ninguna otra garantia expresa. Las garantias implicitas, incluso aquellas de mercantibilidad o adaptabilidad para un fin determinado quedan limitadas a
un año a partir de la fecha de compra o a la extensión permitida por la ley, quedando excluidas todas las demás garantias implicitas. la responsabilidad por daños
fortuitos o consecuentes bajo cualquier y todas las garantias queda excluida en la medida que dicha exclusion sea permitida por la ley. Algunos países o estados no
contemplan limitaciones en cuanto a la duración de una garantía implícita, y otros países o estados no permiten la exclusión o limitación de daños consecuentes o incidentales,
en cuyo caso la limitación y la exclusión anteriores pueden no ser aplicables para usted. Esta garantía le da derechos legales específicos, pudiendo tener a su vez otros
derechos que varían de un estado a otro y de un país a otro **.
TÉRMINOS ESTÁNDAR PARA GARANTÍA *
Y
Marca/Tipo de Producto
Uso Privado
Vanguardt J
3 años
3 años
Serie comercial para céspedt
2 años
2 años
Serie Larga Vidat; I/C®; Intekt I/C®; Intekt Pro; t
Serie Professionalt con Funda de Hierro Colado Dura-Boret;
Serie 850t con Funda de Hierro Colado Dura-Boret;
Serie Snow MAXt con Funda de Hierro Colado Dura-Boret
Todos los otros motores Briggs & Stratton que incorporan Funda de Hierro Colado Dura-Boret
2 años
1 año
Todos los otros motores Briggs & Stratton
2 años
90 días
*
Uso Comercial
Éstos son nuestros términos de garantía estándares, pero de vez en cuando puede existir una cobertura adicional de la garantía que no fue determinada en el
momento de la publicación. Para obtener un listado de los términos de garantía corrientes para su motor, vaya a BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM o póngase en
contacto con su Distribuidor de Servicio autorizado de Briggs & Stratton.
** En Australia - Nuestros productos cuentan con garantías que no pueden ser excluidas en virtud de la Ley del Consumidor de Australia. Usted tiene derecho a un
reemplazo o un reembolso en caso de una falla grave y a una compensación por cualquier pérdida o daño razonablemente previsible. Usted también tiene derecho a
que se le reparen o reemplacen los productos si no son de calidad aceptable y la falla no tiene como consecuencia una falla grave. Para el servicio en garantía,
ubique el Distribuidor de Servicio Autorizado más cercano en nuestro mapa de ubicación de distribuidores en BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM, o llamando al 1300 274
447, o enviando un correo electrónico o una carta a salesenquiries@briggsandstratton.com.au, Briggs & Stratton Australia Pty Ltd, 1 Moorebank Avenue, Moorebank,
NSW, Australia, 2170.
Y
Aplicaciones de Generadores Domésticos: 2 años como garantía del consumidor solamente. No hay garantía comercial. Esta garantía no se aplica a motores en
equipos usados para energía principal en lugar de un servicio. Los motores usados en eventos competitivos o en pistas comerciales o de renta no están
cubiertos por la garantía.
J
Vanguard instalado en generadores standby: 2 años de uso por el consumidor, la garantía solo aplica para generadores en uso privado. Vanguard instalado en
vehículos de servicio: 2 años de uso por el consumidor, 2 años para uso comercial. Para Vanguard de 3 cilindros enfriado por líquido: ver la Póliza de Garantía para
Motor 3/LC de Briggs & Stratton.
El período de garantía comienza a partir de la fecha en la cual lo compró el consumidor detallista original o usuario final comercial, y continúa por el período de tiempo establecido en
la tabla anterior. “Uso privado” significa uso doméstico personal por el consumidor detallista original. “Uso Comercial” significa todos los otros usos, incluyendo fines comerciales o
que produzcan ingresos o renta. Una vez que el motor haya experimentado uso comercial, será considerado en adelante como motor de uso comercial para fines de esta garantía.
No es necesario registrar la garantía para obtener servicio en los productos Briggs & Stratton. Guarde su recibo de compra. Si no aporta la prueba de la fecha de
compra inicial, se utilizará la fecha de fabricación del producto para determinar el período de garantía.
4 Partes que se hayan rayado o reventado por operar el motor con aceite lubricante
Acerca de su Garantía
insuficiente o contaminado, o por el uso del grado de viscosidad de aceite
incorrecto (compruebe el nivel de aceite y termine de aprovisionar cuando sea
necesario, y cambie aceite según los intervalos recomendados.) El dispositivo
Briggs & Stratton recibe con agrado las reparaciones en garantía y le pide disculpas por
protector del aceite OIL GARD no se puede apagar durante la operación del motor.
las molestias causadas. Cualquier Distribuidor de Servicio Autorizado puede efectuar
Se podrían presentar daños en el motor si el nivel de aceite no se mantiene
reparaciones en garantía. La mayoría de las reparaciones en garantía se gestionan
correctamente.
normalmente, pero a veces las solicitudes para servicio de garantía pueden no ser las
apropiadas. Para evitar cualquier malentendido que pudiera presentarse entre el cliente
5 Reparación o ajuste de partes asociadas o conjuntos tales como embragues,
y el distribuidor, se enumeran a continuación algunas de las causas de fallas del motor
transmisiones, controles remoto, etc., los cuales no son fabricados por Briggs &
que la garantía no cubre.
Stratton.
6 Daño o desgaste de partes causado por la entrada de suciedades al motor debido
Desgaste Normal: Los motores necesitan, como todos los dispositivos mecánicos, el
al mantenimiento incorrecto del filtro de aire, montaje incorrecto, o por el uso de un
cambio y el servicio periódico de las partes para desempeñarse bien. La garantía no
elemento o cartucho para el filtro de aire que no sea original. Limpie y/o cambie el
cubrirá la reparación cuando el uso normal haya agotado la vida de una parte o del
filtro según los intervalos recomendados de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Manual
motor. La garantía no podría aplicarse si el daño del motor ocurrió debido a abuso, falta
del Operador.
del mantenimiento habitual, transporte, manejo, bodegaje o instalación inapropiados. De
igual manera se invalidará la garantía si el número serial del motor ha sido removido o si
7 Partes dañadas por velocidad excesiva o recalentamiento causado por residuos de
el motor ha sido alterado o modificado.
grama, desechos o suciedades los cuales taponan u obstruyen las aletas de
enfriamiento, o el área de la volante, o por daños causados por operar el motor en
Mantenimiento Incorrecto: La vida útil de un motor depende de las condiciones bajo
un área confinada sin la suficiente ventilación. Limpie los desechos del motor según
las cuales opere el motor y del cuidado que éste reciba. Algunas aplicaciones, tales
os intervalos recomendados de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Manual del
como cultivadoras, bombas y máquinas cortacésped rotantes, se utilizan con mucha
Operador.
frecuencia en condiciones de mucho polvo o en condiciones muy sucias, las cuales
8 Partes del motor o del equipo quebradas por vibración excesiva causada por un
pueden hacer que parezca un desgaste prematuro del motor. Tal desgaste, cuando es
montaje flojo del motor, cuchillas de corte flojas, cuchillas o impulsores flojos o no
ocasionado por suciedad, polvo o por el hecho de limpiar la bujía con chorro de arena, o
balanceados, fijación incorrecta del equipo al cigüeñal del motor, velocidad excesiva
porque otro material abrasivo haya entrado al motor debido a un mantenimiento no
u otro abuso en la operación.
apropiado, no será cubierto por la garantía.
9 Un cigüeñal deformado o quebrado causado por golpear con un objeto sólido la
Esta garantía cubre únicamente, material defectuoso y/o mano de obra
cuchilla de corte de una máquina cortacésped rotante, o por tensión excesiva de las
relacionados con el motor, y no el cambio o reembolso del equipo en el cual haya
correas en v.
sido montado el motor. Ni extenderá la garantía a reparaciones requeridas debido
10 Afinación o ajuste de rutina del motor.
a:
11 Descuido del motor o de los componentes del motor, es decir, cámara de
1 Problemas ocasionados por el uso de partes que no sean partes originales
combustión, válvulas, asientos de válvulas, guías de válvulas o bobinados del motor
Briggs & Stratton.
de arranque quemados, causado por el uso de combustibles alternos tales como,
2 Controles del equipo o instalaciones que impidan el arranque, ocasionando un
gas propano, gas natural, gasolina con un contenido de etanol mayor del 10%, etc.
rendimiento poco satisfactorio del motor, o que acorten la vida del motor. (Contacte
El servicio de garantía está disponible solamente a través de los Distribuidores de
el fabricante del equipo.)
Servicio Autorizados por Briggs & Stratton. Póngase en contacto con su
Distribuidor de Servicio Autorizado más cercano en nuestro mapa de localización
3 Carburadores con fugas, conductos de combustible obstruidos, válvulas atascadas
de disribuidores en BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM, o llamando al 1-800-233-3723.
u otros daños causados por el uso de combustible contaminado o pasado.
20
VanguardEngines.com
Declaración de Garantía sobre Control de Emisiones de California, U.S. EPA,
y Briggs & Stratton Corporation Sus Derechos y Obligaciones bajo la Garantía
La Junta de Recursos Ambientales de California (CARB), la U.S. EPA y Briggs &
Stratton (B&S) se complacen en explicarles la garantía del sistema de control de
emisiones en su motor/equipo Modelo 2012--2013. En California, los motores pequeños
todo terreno y los motores grandes con encendido por chispa de menos que o igual a
1,0 litros nuevos deben ser diseñados, fabricados y equipados para cumplir los estrictos
estándares anti-smog del Estado. B&S debe garantizar el sistema de control de
emisiones en su motor/equipo por el período de tiempo listado abajo, teniendo en
cuenta que no haya habido abuso, negligencia o mantenimiento incorrecto en su motor o
equipo.
Su sistema de control de emisiones incluye partes tales como: el carburador o sistema
de inyección de combustible, el tanque de combustible, el sistema de encendido y el
convertidor catalítico. También puede incluir mangueras, correas, conectores y otros
conjuntos relacionados con el sistema de control de emisiones.
Siempre que exista una condición de garantía, B&S reparará su motor/equipo sin
ningún costo para usted incluyendo el diagnóstico, las partes y la mano de obra.
Enero 2012
Responsabilidades del Propietario de la Garantía:



Cobertura de la garantía del fabricante:
Los motores pequeños todo terreno y los motores grandes con encendido por chispa de
menos que o igual a 1,0 litros se garantizan durante un período de tres (3) años. Si
alguna de las partes relacionadas con emisiones en su motor/equipo se encuentra
defectuosa, la parte será reparada o reemplazada por B&S.
Como propietario del motor/equipo, usted es responsable de que se lleve a cabo el
mantenimiento requerido el cual se indica en su manual del propietario. B&S le
recomienda guardar todos sus recibos que cubran el mantenimiento en su
motor/equipo, pero B&S no solo puede negar la garantía por la falta de recibos sino
por su omisión al asegurar la realización de todo el mantenimiento programado.
Como propietario del motor/equipo, usted tiene que darse cuenta que B&S puede
negarle la cobertura de la garantía si su motor/equipo o una de sus partes ha fallado
debido a abuso, negligencia, mantenimiento incorrecto o modificaciones no
aprobadas.
Usted tiene la responsabilidad de llevar su motor/equipo a un centro de distribución
de B&S, concesionario de servicio, o entidad equivalente, según el caso, tan pronto
como exista un problema. Las reparaciones bajo garantía deben realizarse dentro de
un período razonable, no superior a 30 días. Si usted tiene alguna pregunta sobre
sus derechos y responsabilidades en cuanto a garantía, debe ponerse en contacto
con B&S al (414) 259-5262.
Provisiones de la Garantía del Sistema de Control de Emisiones de Briggs & Stratton Corporation
Las siguientes son provisiones específicas relativas a la Cobertura de la Garantía del Sistema de Control de Emisiones. Es un agregado a la garantía del motor B&S para los
motores no-regulados que figuran en el Manual del Operador.
1.
2.
Partes relacionadas con emisión garantizadas
La cobertura bajo esta garantía se extiende únicamente a las partes listadas abajo
(partes de los sistemas de control de emisiones) en el grado en que estas partes
estaban presentes en el motor B&S y/o el sistema de combustible suministrado por
B&S.
a. Sistema de Medición de Combustible
 Sistema de Enriquecimiento de Arranque en Frío (estrangulación suave)
 Carburador y Partes Internas
 Bomba de Combustible
 Tubo de combustible, aditamentos tubo de combustible, abrazaderas
 Tanque de combustible, cubierta y correa de sujeción
 Filtro de carbón
b. Sistema de Inducción de Aire
 Filtro de Aire
 Múltiple de Admisión
 Manguera de purga y ventilación
c. Sistema de Encendido
 Bujía(s)
 Sistema de Encendido con Magneto
d. Sistema Catalizador
 Convertidor Catalítico
 Múltiple de Escape
 Sistema de Inyección de Aire o Válvula de Pulsación
e. Items Varios Usados en los Sistemas Anteriores
 Vacío, Temperatura, Posición, Válvulas Sensitivas de Tiempo y Suiches
 Conectores y Conjuntos
Duración de la Cobertura
Durante un período de tres (3) años a partir de la fecha original de compra, B&S
garantiza al comprador original y a cada comprador subsiguiente que el motor ha
sido diseñado, construido y equipado de manera que cumpla con todas las normas
adoptadas por la Junta de Recursos Ambientales de California (CARB); que está
libre de defectos de materiales y mano de obra que podrían causar la falla de una
pieza garantizada; y que es idéntico en todos los aspectos importantes al motor
descrito en la solicitud para certificación del fabricante. El período de garantía
comienza en la fecha de la compra original del motor.
3.
4.
La garantía sobre las partes relacionadas con las emisiones es la siguiente:
 Cualquier parte garantizada la cual no esté programada para cambio de
acuerdo con el mantenimiento requerido en el manual del propietario está
garantizada durante el período de garantía antes mencionado. Si una parte tal
falla durante el período de cobertura de la garantía, la pieza será reparada o
sustituida por B&S sin costo alguno para el propietario. Cualquier parte
reparada o sustituida de acuerdo con la garantía, estará garantizada por el
resto del período de la garantía.
 Cualquier parte garantizada que esté programada únicamente para la
inspección periódica en el manual del propietario suministrado está garantizada
durante el período de garantía antes mencionado. Cualquier parte reparada o
sustituida de acuerdo con la garantía, estará garantizada por el resto del
período de la garantía.
 Cualquier parte garantizada la cual esté programada para cambio de acuerdo
con el mantenimiento requerido en el manual del propietario suministrado está
garantizada por el período previo al primer punto de reemplazo programado
para esa parte. Si la parte falla antes del primer reemplazo programado, la
pieza será reparada o sustituida por B&S sin costo alguno para el propietario.
Cualquier pieza reparada o sustituida de acuerdo con la garantía, se
garantizará por el resto del período con anterioridad al primer punto de
reemplazo programado para esa pieza.
 Las partes adicionales o modificadas que no estén exentos por la Junta de
Recursos Ambientales no pueden ser utilizadas. El uso de cualquier accesorio
no exento o de partes modificadas por el propietario será motivo para
desestimar una reclamación de garantía. El fabricante no se hace responsable
por las fallas de partes garantizadas causadas por la utilización de un
accesorio no exento o una parte modificada.
Cobertura Consecuente
La cobertura se extenderá hasta la falla de cualquiera de los componentes del
motor ocasionada por la falla de cualesquier partes relacionadas con emisión que
se encuentren bajo garantía.
Reclamos y Exclusiones de la Cobertura
Los reclamos de la garantía se completarán de acuerdo con las provisiones de la
política sobre garantía del motor B&S. La cobertura de la garantía estará excluida
para fallas de las partes relacionadas con emisiones que no sean partes originales
B&S o para partes que fallen debido a abuso, negligencia o mantenimiento
incorrecto según se establece en la política de garantía del motor B&S. B&S no se
hace responsable de cubrir fallas de partes relacionadas con emisiones
ocasionadas por el uso de partes adicionales o partes modificadas.
Busque el Período de Durabilidad de Emisiones y la Información del Índice de Aire Pertinentes en la Etiqueta
de Emisiones de su Motor Pequeño Todo Terreno
Los motores que son certificados porque cumplen con las Normas de Emisiones para
motores pequeños todo terreno de la Junta de Recursos Ambientales de California
(CARB) deben mostrar la información referente al Período de Durabilidad de Emisiones
y al Índice de Aire. Briggs & Stratton hace que esta información esté disponible para el
consumidor en nuestras etiquetas de emisiones. La etiqueta de emisiones del motor
indicará la información de certificación.
El Período de Durabilidad de Emisiones describe el número de horas del tiempo real
de operación para el cual el motor tiene certificación de conformidad de emisiones,
asumiendo un mantenimiento apropiado de acuerdo con las Instrucciones de
Mantenimiento y Operación. Se utilizan las siguientes categorías:
Moderado:
El motor tiene certificación de conformidad de emisiones por 125 horas del tiempo real
de operación del motor.
Intermedio:
El motor tiene certificación de conformidad de emisiones por 250 horas del tiempo real
de operación del motor.
es
Extendido:
El motor tiene certificación de conformidad de emisiones por 500 horas del tiempo real
de operación del motor. Por ejemplo, una máquina cortacésped típica de arrastrar es
usada de 20 a 25 horas por año. Por lo tanto, el Período de Durabilidad de Emisiones
de un motor con una clasificación intermedia debería ser equivalente de 10 a 12 años.
Se certifica que los motores Briggs & Stratton cumplen con las normas de emisiones
Fase 2 o Fase 3 de la Agencia de Protección Ambiental de los Estados Unidos
(USEPA). El Período de Conformidad de Emisiones al cual se refiere la Etiqueta de
Conformidad de Emisiones indica el número de horas de operación para las cuales el
motor ha demostrado que cumple con los requerimientos Federales sobre emisiones.
Para motores con un desplazamiento inferior a 225 cc.
Categoría C = 125 horas, Categoría B = 250 horas, Categoría A = 500 horas
Para motores con un desplazamiento de 225 cc o superior.
Categoría C = 250 horas, Categoría B = 500 horas, Categoría A = 1000 horas
21
Informations générales
Ce manuel contient des informations concernant la sécurité visant à attirer l’attention des
usagers sur les dangers et les risques associés aux moteurs. Il contient aussi des
instructions d’utilisation et d’entretien appropriées à ce moteur. Briggs & Stratton
Corporation ne sachant pas forcément sur quel équipement ce moteur est monté, il est
important de lire et de comprendre ces instructions ainsi que celles concernant
l’équipement utilisé. Conserver ces instructions originales pour un usage ultérieur.
Pour obtenir des pièces de rechange ou une assistance technique, reporter ici les
numéros de Modèle, Type et Code du moteur ainsi que la date d’achat. Ces numéros
sont situés sur le moteur (voir la page Caractéristiqueset commandes).
AVERTISSEMENT
Certains composés de ce produit et de ses accessoires contiennent des produits
chimiques connus dans l’État de Californie pour provoquer des cancers et des
troubles de la procréation. Se laver les mains après chaque manipulation.
AVERTISSEMENT
Date d’achat:
Les gaz d’échappement de ce moteur contiennent des substances chimiques
pouvant causer des cancers, des malformations fœtales ou d’autres problèmes de
fécondation.
JJ/MM/AAAA
Modèle de moteur:
Modèle:
Type:
Code:
Puissance théorique
La puissance théorique brute pour chaque modèle de moteur à essence est indiquée
conformément à la norme J1940 (procédure de calcul de la puissance et du couple des
petits moteurs) de la SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) et les performances
théoriques ont été obtenues et corrigées selon SAE J1995 (révision 2002-05). Les
valeurs de couple sont définies à 3060 tr/min et les valeurs de puissance sont définies à
3600 tr/min. Vous trouverez les courbes de puissance brute sur
www.BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM. Les valeurs nettes de puissance sont établies avec
l’échappement et le filtre à air installés tandis que les valeurs brutes de puissance sont
définies sans ces accessoires. La puissance brute réelle du moteur sera supérieure à la
puissance nette et est influencée notamment par les conditions ambiantes de
fonctionnement et les variations d’un moteur à l’autre. Compte tenu de la grande variété
de machines sur lesquelles nos moteurs sont utilisés, il se peut que le moteur à essence
ne développe pas sa puissance brute théorique une fois qu’il est monté sur une machine
particulière. Cette différence s’explique par un grand nombre de facteurs, tels que (liste
non limitative), les accessoires (filtre à air, échappement, admission, refroidissement,
carburateur, pompe à essence, etc.), les limites d’utilisation, les conditions ambiantes
d’utilisation (température, humidité, altitude) et les variations d’un moteur à l’autre. Pour
des raisons de fabrication et de capacité limitées, Briggs & Stratton est susceptible de
remplacer un moteur par une version plus puissante pour ces moteurs de série.
SYMBOLES DE SÉCURITÉ ET DE COMMANDE
Pièces en
mouvement
Huile
Fast
Arrêter
Explosion
Marche Arrêt
Robinet
d’essence
Starter
Produits chimiques
dangereux
Lire le manuel
AVIS: Ce moteur a été expédié par Briggs & Stratton sans huile. Avant de le démarrer,
s’assurer d’avoir fait le plein d’huile selon les instructions de ce manuel. Si le moteur est
démarré sans huile, il sera endommagé irrémédiablement et ne sera pas couvert par la
garantie.
AVERTISSEMENT
Sécurité de l’utilisateur
Incendie
AVERTISSEMENT
Les moteurs Briggs & Stratton ne sont pas conçus et ne doivent pas être utilisés
pour alimenter les karts de loisir, les véhicules tout-terrain à destination des enfants
ou usage récréatif ou sportif, les motocyclettes, les aéroglisseurs, les aéroplanes ou
les véhicules utilisés au cours de compétitions non approuvées par Briggs &
Stratton. Pour plus d’informations sur les produits destinés à la compétition, prière
de consulter www.briggsracing.com. Pour une utilisation avec les véhicules
tout-terrain utilitaires et biplace côte à côte (SSV), prière de contacter Briggs &
Stratton Engine Application Center, 1-866-927-3349. Une application inappropriée
du moteur peut entraîner des blessures graves ou mortelles.
Fumées
toxiques
Slow
Essence
Choc
Retour brutal
Porter des
lunettes
Surface
très chaude
Engelures
Le symbole d’alerte de sécurité
est utilisé pour identifier des informations sur des
risques qui peuvent entraîner des blessures. Un mot (DANGER, AVERTISSEMENT,
ATTENTION) est utilisé avec le symbole d’alerte pour indiquer le risque de blessure. En
outre, un signal de danger peut être utilisé pour représenter le type de risque.
DANGER indique un risque qui, s’il n’est pas éliminé, entraînera la mort ou
des blessures très graves.
AVERTISSEMENT indique un risque qui, s’il n’est pas éliminé, pourrait
entraîner la mort ou des blessures très graves.
ATTENTION indique un risque qui, s’il n’est pas éliminé, pourrait entraîner
des blessures mineures ou légères.
Le combustible et ses vapeurs sont extrêmement inflammables et
explosifs.
Un incendie ou une explosion peut entraîner des blessures très
graves ou même la mort.
Pour faire le plein
 Couper le moteur et le laisser refroidir au moins 2 minutes avant d’ouvrir le
bouchon du réservoir.
 Remplir le réservoir de carburant à l’extérieur ou dans un local extrêmement
bien ventilé.
 Ne pas trop remplir le réservoir. Pour permettre la dilatation du carburant, ne
pas remplir plus haut que le bas du col du réservoir.
 Maintenir le carburant à l’écart des étincelles, des flammes directes, des
veilleuses, de la chaleur et des autres sources d’étincelles.
 Contrôler que les durites, le réservoir, le bouchon et les raccords de
carburant ne présentent ni fissures ni fuites. Remplacer si nécessaire.
 Si du carburant a été renversé, attendre son évaporation complète avant de
démarrer le moteur.
Pour démarrer le moteur
 S’assurer que la bougie, le bouchon du réservoir de carburant et le filtre à air
sont le cas échéant montés et solidement fixés.
 Ne pas faire tourner le moteur avec la bougie enlevée.
 Si le moteur est noyé, placer le starter (le cas échéant) sur OPEN/RUN,
amener l’accélérateur sur FAST et lancer le moteur jusqu’à ce qu’il démarre.
Lors de l’utilisation de l’équipement
 Ne pas faire basculer le moteur ou l’équipement au-delà d’un angle qui
provoquerait le renversement du carburant.
 Ne pas actionner le starter pour arrêter le moteur.
 Ne pas démarrer ou faire fonctionner un moteur sans filtre à air ou avec le filtre
à air enlevé (le cas échéant).
Vidange d’huile
 Pour vidanger l’huile du tube de remplissage, le réservoir de carburant doit être
vide. Le carburant risque sinon de couler et de provoquer un incendie ou une
explosion.
En cas de basculement de l’unité pour l’entretien
 S’il est nécessaire de basculer l’unité au cours de l’entretien, le réservoir de
carburant doit être vide, sinon le carburant risque sinon de couler et de
provoquer un incendie ou une explosion.
Pour transporter l’équipement
 Transporter avec le réservoir de carburant VIDE et le robinet de carburant en
position FERMÉE.
Pour stocker du carburant ou l’équipement avec un réservoir plein
 Les ranger loin des chaudières, cuisinières, chauffe-eau ou tout autre appareil
comportant une veilleuse ou une source susceptible de produire une étincelle,
car ils pourraient enflammer les vapeurs de carburant.
AVIS indique une situation qui pourrait endommager l’appareil.
22
VanguardEngines.com
AVERTISSEMENT
AVERTISSEMENT
Le démarrage du moteur produit des étincelles.
Les étincelles peuvent enflammer les gaz inflammables à proximité.
Ceci pourrait provoquer une explosion ou un incendie.


S’il y a une fuite de gaz naturel ou de GPL à proximité, ne pas démarrer le
moteur.
Ne pas utiliser de liquides de démarrage sous pression car leurs vapeurs sont
inflammables.



AVERTISSEMENT


Les moteurs produisent du monoxyde de carbone, qui est un gaz
toxique inodore et invisible.
L’inhalation de monoxyde de carbone peut provoquer des nausées,
un évanouissement et entraîner la mort.
Démarrer et faire fonctionner le moteur à l’extérieur.
Ne pas démarrer ou faire fonctionner le moteur dans un local fermé, même si
les portes et les fenêtres sont ouvertes.
Un moteur en marche produit de la chaleur. Les pièces du moteur, et
plus particulièrement le silencieux, deviennent extrêmement chaudes.
Les toucher peut provoquer des brûlures sévères.
Les débris combustibles comme les feuilles, l’herbe, les broussailles
peuvent s’enflammer.
Laisser le silencieux, le cylindre du moteur et les ailettes refroidir avant de les
toucher.
Retirer les débris accumulés autour du silencieux et du cylindre.
La Section 4442 du California Public Resource Code (Code des ressources
publiques de Californie) interdit l’utilisation ou le fonctionnement du moteur dans
des espaces recouverts de forêts, de broussailles ou d’herbe sauf si le système
d’échappement est équipé d’un pare-étincelles, tel que défini dans la Section
4442, en bon état de fonctionnement. D’autres états ou juridictions fédérales
peuvent appliquer des lois similaires. Contacter le fabricant, le distributeur ou le
fournisseur d’origine de l’équipement pour obtenir un pare-étincelles conçu pour
le système d’échappement installé sur ce moteur.
AVERTISSEMENT
AVERTISSEMENT



Une étincelle accidentelle peut provoquer un incendie ou un choc
électrique.
Un démarrage accidentel peut causer un étranglement, l’amputation
ou la lacération d’un membre.
Risque d’incendie
La rétraction rapide de la corde de lanceur (retour brutal) tirera votre
main et votre bras vers le moteur beaucoup plus vite que vous ne
pourrez les laisser partir.
Ceci pourrait entraîner des fêlures, des fractures, des ecchymoses ou
des foulures.
Pour démarrer le moteur, tirer lentement sur la corde jusqu’à sentir une
résistance et tirer alors rapidement afin d’éviter l’effet de rétraction.
Retirer tout équipement extérieur/charge avant de démarrer le moteur.
Les composants directement couplés à l’équipement, tels que lames, turbines,
poulies, engrenages, etc. sans que cette liste soit limitative, devront être
fermement arrimés.
Avant d’effectuer des réglages ou des réparations
 Débrancher le fil de bougie et l’attacher à bonne distance de la bougie.
 Débrancher le câble Négatif de la batterie (seulement pour les moteurs à
démarrage électrique).
 N’utiliser que les outils corrects.
 Ne pas modifier les ressorts du régulateur, les tringles et autres pièces pour
augmenter le régime du moteur.
 Les pièces de rechange doivent être strictement identiques et être installées
dans la même position que les pièces d’origine. Des pièces autres risquent de
ne pas fonctionner aussi bien, d’endommager l’unité et d’entraîner des
blessures.
 Ne pas taper sur le volant moteur avec un marteau ou un objet dur cela pourrait
entraîner une rupture ultérieure du volant pendant que le moteur fonctionne.
AVERTISSEMENT
Les pièces en rotation peuvent toucher ou saisir les mains, les pieds,
les cheveux, les vêtements ou les accessoires.
Le résultat peut en être une amputation ou une lacération grave.




Ne faire fonctionner l’équipement qu’avec les protections en place.
Ne pas approcher les mains ou les pieds des pièces en mouvement.
Attacher les cheveux longs et retirer les bijoux.
Ne pas porter de vêtements amples, de ceintures larges pendantes ou tout
vêtement pouvant être saisi.
Contrôle de l’étincelle
 Utiliser un contrôleur homologué.
 Ne pas contrôler l’étincelle avec la bougie retirée.
fr
23
Caractéristiques et commandes
Comparer l’illustration 1 avec le moteur pour se familiariser avec l’emplacement des
différents composants et commandes.
A. Identification du moteur
Modèle Type Code
B. Bougie
C. Filtre à air (sans réservoir de carburant)
D. Filtre à air (avec réservoir de carburant)
E. Jauge à huile
F. Remplissage d’huile
G. Filtre à huile (en option)
H. Bouchon de vidange
I. Capteur de pression d’huile
J. Protège-doigts
K. Démarreur électrique
L. Lanceur à rappel automatique (en option)
M. Carburateur
N. Silencieux d’échappement (en option)
O. Pompe d’alimentation
P. Contacteur du démarreur *
Q. Commande d’accélération *
R. Commande de starter *
S. Filtre à carburant (en option)
T. Réservoir de carburant (en option)
U. Robinet d’alimentation d’essence (en option) *
V. Bouton d’arrêt (en option) *
W. Refroidisseur d’huile (en option)
* Certains moteurs et équipements disposent de commandes à distance. Consulter le
manuel de l’équipement concernant l’emplacement et le fonctionnement de ces
commandes.
Fonctionnement
Recommandations concernant l’huile
Nous recommandons l’utilisation des huiles certifiées par la garantie Briggs & Stratton
pour obtenir les meilleures performances. D’autres huiles détergentes sont acceptables
si elles sont classées SF, SG, SH, SJ ou supérieur. Ne pas utiliser d’additifs pour huile.
La température extérieure détermine la viscosité de l’huile. Utiliser le tableau pour
sélectionner la viscosité qui correspond à la gamme de température attendue.
Si la pression de l’huile est trop basse, un contacteur de pression (le cas échéant) arrête
le moteur ou active un dispositif sonore sur l’équipement. Dans ce cas, arrêter le moteur
et vérifier le niveau d’huile avec la jauge.
Si le niveau d’huile est situé au-dessous du repère ADD, verser de l’huile jusqu’au
repère FULL. Démarrer le moteur et vérifier que la pression est correcte avant de
continuer.
Si le niveau d’huile est situé entre les repères ADD et FULL, ne pas démarrer le moteur.
Contacter un Réparateur Agréé Briggs & Stratton pour corriger le problème de pression
de l’huile.
Recommandations concernant le carburant
Le carburant doit répondre aux critères suivants:
 Essence fraîche, propre, sans plomb.
 Un indice minimum d’Octane de 87/87 AKI (91 RON). En cas d’utilisation en
altitude, voir ci-après.
 L’essence contenant jusqu’à 10 % d’éthanol (bioéthanol) est acceptable.
ATTENTION: ne pas utiliser d’essence non approuvée, comme la E15 et la E85. Ne pas
mélanger d’huile à l’essence ni modifier le moteur pour fonctionner avec des carburants
alternatifs. L’utilisation de carburants non autorisés endommagera le moteur et annulera
la garantie moteur.
Pour protéger le système d’admission d’essence contre la formation de gomme,
mélanger un stabilisateur à l’essence. Voir le stockage. Tous les carburants ne sont pas
les mêmes. En cas de difficultés à démarrer ou de problèmes de fonctionnement,
changer de fournisseur ou de marque d’essence. Ce moteur est certifié pour fonctionner
à l’essence. Le système de contrôle des émissions de ce moteur est EM (Modifications
Moteur).
Haute altitude
À des altitudes supérieures à 1524mètres, une essence ayant un indice minimum de 85
octane/85 AKI (89 RON) est acceptable. Pour rester conforme aux normes d’émissions,
un réglage pour haute altitude est nécessaire. Le fonctionnement sans effectuer ce
réglage entraîne une réduction de la performance et une augmentation de la
consommation d’essence et des émissions. Consulter un Réparateur Agréé Briggs &
Stratton pour plus d’informations sur le réglage pour haute altitude.
Plein d’essence - Figure 3
AVERTISSEMENT
Le combustible et ses vapeurs sont extrêmement inflammables et
explosifs.
Un incendie ou une explosion peut entraîner des blessures très
graves ou même la mort.
5W-30
Synthétique 5W-30
10W-30
°C
SAE 30
°F
L’emploi d’huile SAE 30 au-dessous de 4°C rend le démarrage difficile.
L’utilisation d’une huile 10W-30 à des températures supérieures 27°C entraînera
une consommation d’huile supérieure à la normale. Vérifier le niveau d’huile plus
souvent.
Vérification/Plein d’huile - Figure 2
Avant de vérifier ou de faire le plein d’huile
 Mettre le moteur de niveau.
 Nettoyer le pourtour de l’orifice de remplissage de tout débris.
1. Sortir la jauge (A) et nettoyer avec un chiffon propre (Figure 2).
2. Introduire la jauge à fond.
3. Retirer la jauge et vérifier le niveau. L’huile doit être au ras de l’indicateur de niveau
maximum (B) de la jauge.
4. S’il est plus bas, verser doucement de l’huile dans l’orifice de remplissage du moteur
(C). Ne pas trop remplir. Après avoir ajouté de l’huile, attendre une minute et
revérifier le niveau d’huile.
24
Pression d’huile
Le fonctionnement du moteur à une altitude inférieure à 762mètres avec le kit haute
altitude n’est pas recommandé.
Capacité d’huile (voir la section Spécifications)
*
**
5. Introduire la jauge à fond.
Pour faire le plein
 Couper le moteur et le laisser refroidir au moins 2 minutes avant d’ouvrir le
bouchon du réservoir.
 Remplir le réservoir de carburant à l’extérieur ou dans un local extrêmement
bien ventilé.
 Ne pas trop remplir le réservoir. Pour permettre la dilatation du carburant, ne
pas remplir plus haut que le bas du col du réservoir.
 Maintenir le carburant à l’écart des étincelles, des flammes directes, des
veilleuses, de la chaleur et des autres sources d’étincelles.
 Contrôler que les durites, le réservoir, le bouchon et les raccords de
carburant ne présentent ni fissures ni fuites. Remplacer si nécessaire.
 Si du carburant a été renversé, attendre son évaporation complète avant de
démarrer le moteur.
1. Nettoyer le pourtour du bouchon d’essence de la poussière et des débris. Enlever le
bouchon d’essence (A, Figure 3).
2. Faire le plein (B) de carburant. Pour permettre la dilatation du carburant, ne pas
remplir au-delà du bas du col de remplissage (C).
3. Remettre le bouchon du réservoir en place.
Démarrage du moteur - Figure 4
AVERTISSEMENT

La rétraction rapide de la corde de lanceur (retour brutal) tirera la
main et le bras de l’opérateur vers le moteur beaucoup plus vite qu’il
ne pourra les laisser partir.
Ceci pourrait entraîner des fêlures, des fractures, des ecchymoses ou
des foulures.
Pour démarrer le moteur, tirer lentement sur la corde jusqu’à sentir une
résistance et tirer alors rapidement afin d’éviter l’effet de rétraction.
VanguardEngines.com
Entretien
Nous recommandons de voir un Réparateur Agréé Briggs & Stratton pour tout l’entretien
de votre moteur et l’acquisition de pièces.
AVIS: Tous les composants de ce moteur doivent rester à leur place d’origine pour que
le moteur fonctionne correctement.
AVERTISSEMENT
Le combustible et ses vapeurs sont extrêmement inflammables et
explosifs.
Un incendie ou une explosion peut entraîner des blessures très
graves ou même la mort.
AVERTISSEMENT: S’il est nécessaire de basculer l’unité au cours de
l’entretien, le réservoir de carburant doit être vide, sinon le carburant risque sinon de
couler et de provoquer un incendie ou une explosion.
Pour démarrer le moteur
 S’assurer que la bougie, le bouchon du réservoir de carburant et le filtre à air
sont le cas échéant montés et solidement fixés.
 Ne pas faire tourner le moteur avec la bougie enlevée.
 Si le moteur est noyé, placer le starter (le cas échéant) sur OPEN/RUN,
amener l’accélérateur sur FAST et lancer le moteur jusqu’à ce qu’il démarre.
Contrôle des émissions
L’entretien, le remplacement ou la réparation des dispositifs et des systèmes de
contrôle des émissions gazeuses peut être effectué par tout établissement ou
individu spécialisé dans la réparation des moteurs autres que les moteurs
automobiles. Néanmoins, pour que les réparations soient prises en charge par Briggs &
Stratton au titre de la garantie, l’intervention doit être effectuée par un Réparateur Agréé.
Voir la garantie des émissions.
AVERTISSEMENT


Les moteurs produisent du monoxyde de carbone, qui est un gaz
toxique inodore et invisible.
L’inhalation de monoxyde de carbone peut provoquer des nausées, un
évanouissement et entraîner la mort.
Démarrer et faire fonctionner le moteur à l’extérieur.
Ne pas démarrer ou faire fonctionner le moteur dans un local fermé, même si
les portes et les fenêtres sont ouvertes.
AVERTISSEMENT
Une étincelle accidentelle peut provoquer un incendie ou un choc
électrique.
Un démarrage accidentel peut causer un étranglement, l’amputation
ou la lacération d’un membre.
Risque d’incendie
AVIS: Ce moteur a été expédié de chez Briggs & Stratton sans huile. Avant de le
démarrer, s’assurer d’avoir fait le plein d’huile selon les instructions de ce manuel. Si le
moteur est démarré sans huile, il sera endommagé irrémédiablement et ne sera pas
couvert par la garantie.
Remarque: Certains moteurs et équipements disposent de commandes à distance.
Consulter le manuel de l’équipement concernant l’emplacement et le fonctionnement de
ces commandes.
1. Vérifier le niveau d’huile. Voir la section Vérification/Plein d’huile.
2. Le cas échant, s’assurer que l’entraînement de l’équipement est débrayé.
3. Placer le robinet d’essence (A), le cas échéant, sur la position ON (Figure 4).
4. Mettre l’interrupteur d’arrêt (F), s’il existe, en position ON.
5. Déplacer la commande d’accélération (B) sur la position FAST
fonctionner l’équipement en position FAST
6. Placer le starter (C) sur la position STARTER
Avant d’effectuer des réglages ou des réparations
 Débrancher le fil de bougie et l’attacher à bonne distance de la bougie.
 Débrancher le câble Négatif de la batterie (seulement pour les moteurs à
démarrage électrique).
 N’utiliser que les outils corrects.
 Ne pas modifier les ressorts du régulateur, les tringles et autres pièces pour
augmenter le régime du moteur.
 Les pièces de rechange doivent être strictement identiques et être installées
dans la même position que les pièces d’origine. Des pièces autres risquent de
ne pas fonctionner aussi bien, d’endommager l’unité et d’entraîner des
blessures.
 Ne pas taper sur le volant moteur avec un marteau ou un objet dur cela pourrait
entraîner une rupture ultérieure du volant pendant que le moteur fonctionne.
. Faire
.
.
Remarque: Le starter est généralement superflu pour redémarrer un moteur chaud.
7. Lanceur: Tourner le contacteur à clé (D), le cas échéant, sur la position RUN.
8. Lanceur: Prendre en main la poignée du lanceur (E). Tirer lentement sur la corde
jusqu’à sentir une résistance, puis tirer rapidement.
Remarque : Si le moteur ne démarre pas après plusieurs tentatives, consulter le site
VanguardEngines.com ou appeler le 1-800-999-9333 (aux États-Unis).
Contrôle de l’étincelle
 Utiliser un contrôleur homologué.
 Ne pas contrôler l’étincelle avec la bougie retirée.
Tableau d’entretien
Après les 5 premières heures

AVERTISSEMENT:
La rétraction rapide de la corde de lanceur (retour
brutal) tirera la main et le bras de l’opérateur vers le moteur beaucoup plus vite qu’il
ne pourra les laisser partir. Ceci pourrait entraîner des fêlures, des fractures, des
ecchymoses ou des foulures. Pour démarrer le moteur, tirer lentement sur la corde
jusqu’à sentir une résistance et tirer alors rapidement afin d’éviter l’effet de
rétraction.







Nettoyer ou changer le filtre à air *
Nettoyer le pré-filtre (le cas échéant) *
Vidanger l’huile moteur et changer le filtre
Remplacer la bougie
Inspecter le silencieux d’échappement et l’écran pare-étincelles
Toutes les 250 heures ou une fois par an

.
Contrôler le jeu des soupapes. Régler si nécessaire.
Toutes les 400 heures ou une fois par an




Arrêt du moteur - Figure 4
AVERTISSEMENT
*
Le combustible et ses vapeurs sont extrêmement inflammables et
explosifs.
Un incendie ou une explosion peut entraîner des blessures très graves
ou même la mort.

Vérifier le niveau d’huile du moteur.
Nettoyer aux alentours du silencieux et des commandes
Toutes les 100 heures ou une fois par an
9. Démarreur électrique: Mettre le contact du démarreur électrique (D) sur la position
ON/START.
Remarque : Si le moteur ne démarre pas après plusieurs tentatives, consulter le site
VanguardEngines.com ou appeler le 1-800-999-9333 (aux États-Unis).
AVIS: Pour préserver l’usage du démarreur, ne l’utiliser que pendant des cycles
courts (cinq secondes maximum). Attendre une minute avant de recommencer.
10. Au fur et à mesure du réchauffement du moteur, ramener le starter (C) sur la position
RUN
Vidanger l’huile
Toutes les 8 heures ou chaque jour
Changer le filtre à air
Remplacer le filtre à carburant
Nettoyer le système de refroidissement par air *
Nettoyer les ailettes du refroidisseur d’huile *
Nettoyer plus souvent dans des conditions d’utilisation en atmosphère poussiéreuse
ou chargée de débris aériens.
Réglage du carburateur
Ne pas procéder à des réglages inutiles du carburateur. Il a été réglé en usine pour
fonctionner efficacement dans la plupart des applications. Néanmoins, si des réglages
sont nécessaires, les confier à un Réparateur Agréé Briggs & Stratton.
AVIS: Le fabricant de l’équipement sur lequel est monté ce moteur a spécifié le régime
maximum à vide d’utilisation du moteur. Ne pas dépasser ce régime maximum.
Ne pas actionner le starter pour arrêter le moteur.
, tourner le
1. Placer la commande d’accélération (B) sur la position SLOW
contacteur à clé (D) sur la position OFF (Figure 4). Retirer la clé et la conserver dans
un endroit sûr, hors de la portée des enfants.
2. Mettre l’interrupteur (F), le cas échéant, en position OFF.
3. Quand le moteur est arrêté, placer le robinet d’essence (si équipé) (A) en position
fermée.
Remplacement de la bougie - Figure 5
Vérifier l’écartement des électrodes (A, Figure 5) avec une jauge à fil (B). Le cas
échéant, régler l’écartement. Remettre la bougie et la serrer au couple recommandé.
Pour régler l’écartement et trouver le couple de serrage, voir la section Spécifications.
fr
25
Remarque: Dans certains pays, la législation impose l’emploi de bougies à résistance
pour supprimer les parasites de l’allumage. Si ce moteur était équipé d’une bougie avec
résistance, utiliser le même type de bougie lors de son remplacement.
Entretien du filtre à air - Figure 11
AVERTISSEMENT
Inspection du silencieux d’échappement et de l’écran
pare-étincelles - Figure 6
AVERTISSEMENT



Le combustible et ses vapeurs sont extrêmement inflammables et
explosifs.
Un incendie ou une explosion peut entraîner des blessures très
graves ou même la mort.

Un moteur en marche produit de la chaleur. Les pièces du moteur, et
plus particulièrement le silencieux, deviennent extrêmement chaudes.
Les toucher peut provoquer des brûlures sévères.
Les débris combustibles comme les feuilles, l’herbe, les broussailles
peuvent s’enflammer.
Laisser le silencieux, le cylindre du moteur et les ailettes refroidir avant de les
toucher.
Retirer les débris accumulés autour du silencieux et du cylindre.
La Section 4442 du California Public Resource Code (Code des ressources
publiques de Californie) interdit l’utilisation ou le fonctionnement du moteur dans
des espaces recouverts de forêts, de broussailles ou d’herbe sauf si le système
d’échappement est équipé d’un pare-étincelles, tel que défini dans la Section
4442, en bon état de fonctionnement. D’autres états ou juridictions fédérales
peuvent appliquer des lois similaires. Contacter le fabricant, le distributeur ou le
fournisseur d’origine de l’équipement pour obtenir un pare-étincelles conçu pour
le système d’échappement installé sur ce moteur.
Retirer les débris accumulés autour du silencieux et du cylindre. Inspecter le silencieux
(A, Figure 6) à la recherche de fissures, de corrosion ou autre dommage. Enlever le
pare-étincelles (B), le cas échéant, et inspecter s’il est endommagé ou obstrué par des
dépôts de carbone. En présence de pièces endommagées, les remplacer avant toute
utilisation.
9
L’huile usagée est un produit dangereux. S’en débarrasser correctement. Ne pas la jeter
avec les ordures ménagères. Vérifier le lieu de collecte ou de recyclage avec les
autorités locales, le/centre de services ou le vendeur.
Deux types de systèmes de filtre à air sont illustrés. Se reporter au Tableau d’entretien
pour connaître les conditions de service.
1. Modèles sans réservoir de carburant: Ouvrir les languettes (A) et retirer le
couvercle (B). Voir Figure 11.
2. Modèles avec réservoir: Retirer l’écrou papillon (C) et le couvercle (B). Voir Figure
12.
3. Retirer l’écrou (D) et le support (E). Voir Figures 11 et 12.
4. Retirer le filtre à air (F).
5. Retirer le pré-filtre (G), le cas échéant, du filtre à air.
6. Pour le nettoyer, le tapoter doucement contre une surface dure. Si le filtre à air est
excessivement encrassé, le remplacer par un neuf.
7. Nettoyer le pré-filtre dans de l’eau additionnée de détergent liquide. Ne pas graisser
le pré-filtre.
8. Assembler le pré-filtre sec sur le filtre à air.
9. Installer le filtre à air et le fixer avec un support et un écrou.
10. Installer et fixer le couvercle.
Remplacement du filtre à essence - Figure 7
AVERTISSEMENT
Le combustible et ses vapeurs sont extrêmement inflammables et
explosifs.
Un incendie ou une explosion peut entraîner des blessures très
graves ou même la mort.



Vidange de l’huile
1. Quand le moteur est arrêté mais encore chaud, débrancher le fil de bougie (A) et
l’éloigner de la bougie (Figure 8).
2. Retirer le bouchon de vidange (B, Figure 9). Vidanger l’huile dans un récipient
approuvé.
3. Quand l’huile a été vidangée, remettre le bouchon de vidange. Le serrer.
Changer le filtre à huile (le cas échéant)
Certains modèles sont équipés d’un filtre à huile. Pour connaître les intervalles de
maintenance, se reporter au Tableau d’entretien.
1. Vidanger l’huile du moteur. Voir la section Vidange de l’huile.
2. Enlever le filtre à huile (C) et le jeter correctement. Voir Figure 9.
3. Avant d’installer le nouveau filtre à huile, lubrifier légèrement le joint du filtre avec de
l’huile neuve.
4. Installer le filtre à huile à la main jusqu’à ce que le joint soit au contact de
l’adaptateur du filtre puis visser le filtre de 1/2 à 3/4 tours.
5. Ajouter de l’huile. Voir la section Faire le plein d’huile.
6. Démarrer puis faire tourner le moteur. Lorsque le moteur chauffe, détecter les
éventuelles fuites d’huile.
7. Arrêter le moteur et vérifier le niveau d’huile. L’huile doit être au ras de l’indicateur de
niveau maximum (F) de la jauge (Figure 8).


Mettre le moteur de niveau.
Nettoyer le pourtour de l’orifice de remplissage de tout débris.
Voir la capacité d’huile dans la section Spécifications.
Sortir la jauge (D) et nettoyer avec un chiffon propre (Figure 8).
Verser doucement l’huile dans l’orifice de remplissage (E). Ne pas trop remplir.
Après avoir fait le plein d’huile, attendre une minute et revérifier le niveau d’huile.
3. Installer et serrer la jauge.
4. Retirer la jauge et vérifier le niveau. L’huile doit être au ras de l’indicateur de niveau
maximum (F) de la jauge.
5. Installer et serrer la jauge.
26
Maintenir le carburant à l’écart des étincelles, des flammes directes, des
veilleuses, de la chaleur et des autres sources d’étincelles.
Contrôler que les durites, le réservoir, le bouchon et les raccords de
carburant ne présentent ni fissures ni fuites. Remplacer si nécessaire.
Avant de remplacer le filtre à essence, vidanger le réservoir d’essence ou
fermer le robinet d’essence.
Les pièces de rechange doivent être d’origine et installées de la même façon
que les pièces précédentes.
Si du carburant a été renversé, attendre son évaporation complète avant de
démarrer le moteur.
1. Avant de remplacer le filtre à carburant (A, Figure 7), s’il existe, vidanger le réservoir
de carburant ou fermer le robinet d’essence. Dans le cas contraire, le carburant
risque de couler et provoquer un incendie ou une explosion.
2. Utiliser des pinces pour serrer les languettes (B) sur les colliers (C) puis retirer les
colliers du filtre à carburant. Tourner puis ôter les Durits (D) du filtre à carburant.
3. Vérifier que les Durits ne présentent ni fissures ni fuites. Les remplacer si
nécessaire.
4. Remplacer le filtre à carburant par un filtre d’origine.
5. Fixer les Durits avec les colliers comme indiqué.
Remarque: Les moteurs équipés d’un réservoir à essence monté en usine peuvent
comporter une crépine (E), cf. Figure 3.
Nettoyage du système de refroidissement par air - Figure 10
AVERTISSEMENT
Faire le plein d’huile



1.
2.
Ne pas démarrer ou faire fonctionner un moteur sans filtre à air ou avec le filtre
à air enlevé (le cas échéant).
AVIS: Ne pas utiliser d’air comprimé ni de solvant pour nettoyer le filtre à air. L’air
comprimé peut endommager le filtre, les solvants le dissoudre.
AVERTISSEMENT: Les pièces de rechange doivent être strictement
identiques et être installées dans la même position que les pièces d’origine. Des
pièces autres risquent de ne pas fonctionner aussi bien, d’endommager l’unité et
d’entraîner des blessures.
Changement d’huile - Figure 8
12


Un moteur en marche produit de la chaleur. Les pièces du moteur, et
plus particulièrement le silencieux, deviennent extrêmement chaudes.
Les toucher peut provoquer des brûlures sévères.
Les débris combustibles comme les feuilles, l’herbe, les broussailles
peuvent s’enflammer.
Laisser le silencieux, le cylindre du moteur et les ailettes refroidir avant de les
toucher.
Retirer les débris accumulés autour du silencieux et du cylindre.
AVIS: Ne pas utiliser d’eau pour nettoyer le moteur. L’eau peut contaminer le système
d’alimentation en essence. Utiliser une brosse ou un chiffon sec pour nettoyer le moteur.
Ce moteur est refroidi par air. De la poussière ou des débris peuvent affecter le débit
d’air et faire chauffer le moteur, ce qui réduit ses performances et sa durée de vie.
VanguardEngines.com
Système d’alimentation
L’essence peut s’éventer lorsqu’elle est conservée plus de 30jours. L’essence périmée
provoque la formation de dépôts d’acide et de gomme dans le système d’alimentation ou
sur des pièces essentielles du carburateur. Pour maintenir l’essence propre, utiliser le la
formule avancée de stabilisation et de traitement de l’essence de Briggs &
Stratton disponible dans tous les points de vente des pièces de rechange Briggs &
Stratton d’origine.
Pour les moteurs équipés d’un bouchon d’essence FRESH START®, utiliser le
stabilisateur FRESH START® de Briggs & Stratton disponible en cartouche de
concentré à écoulement progressif.
Il n’est pas nécessaire de vidanger l’essence du moteur si un stabilisateur est ajouté
conformément aux instructions. Faire fonctionner le moteur pendant 2 minutes pour faire
circuler le stabilisateur dans le système d’alimentation avant le remisage.
Si l’essence n’a pas été traitée avec un stabilisateur, elle doit être vidangée dans un
récipient approuvé. Faire fonctionner le moteur jusqu’à ce qu’il s’arrête en panne sèche.
L’utilisation d’un stabilisateur d’essence dans le réservoir de stockage est recommandée
pour en conserver la fraîcheur.
Utiliser une brosse ou un chiffon sec pour enlever les débris du protège doigts (A).
Nettoyer les biellettes, les ressorts et les commandes (B). Ne pas laisser les débris
combustibles s’accumuler autour et derrière le silencieux d’échappement (C) (Figure 10).
Vérifier que les ailettes du refroidisseur d’huile (D) sont exemptes de saletés et de
débris.
Stockage
AVERTISSEMENT
Le combustible et ses vapeurs sont extrêmement inflammables et
explosifs.
Un incendie ou une explosion peut entraîner des blessures très
graves ou même la mort.
Pour stocker du carburant ou l’équipement avec un réservoir plein
 Les ranger loin des chaudières, cuisinières, chauffe-eau ou tout autre appareil
comportant une veilleuse ou une source susceptible de produire une étincelle,
car ils pourraient enflammer les vapeurs de carburant.
Huile moteur
Pendant que le moteur est encore chaud, changer l’huile du moteur.
Dépannage
Besoin d’aide? Aller sur VanguardEngines.com ou appeler au 1-800-999-9333.
Spécifications
Spécifications du moteur
Spécifications du moteur
Modèle
290000
Modèle
350000
Cylindrée
29,23 ci (479 cc)
Cylindrée
34,78 ci (570 cc)
Alésage
2,677 in (68 mm)
Alésage
2,835 in (72 mm)
Course
2,598 in (66 mm)
Course
2,756 in (70 mm)
Capacité d’huile
46 -- 48 oz (1,36 -- 1,42 L)
Capacité d’huile
46 -- 48 oz (1,36 -- 1,42 l)
Spécifications du moteur
Spécifications du moteur
Modèle
300000
Modèle
380000
Cylindrée
29,23 ci (479 cc)
Cylindrée
38,26 ci (627 cc)
Alésage
2,677 in (68 mm)
Alésage
2,972 in (75,5 mm)
Course
2,598 in (66 mm)
Course
2,756 in (70 mm)
Capacité d’huile
46 -- 48 oz (1,36 -- 1,42 L)
Capacité d’huile
46 -- 48 oz (1,36 -- 1,42 l)
Spécifications de réglage *
Spécifications de réglage *
Modèle
290000, 300000
Modèle
350000, 380000
Écartement des électrodes
0,030 in (0,76 mm)
Écartement des électrodes
0,030 in (0,76 mm)
Couple de serrage de la bougie
180 lb-in (20 Nm)
Couple de serrage de la bougie
180 lb-in (20 Nm)
Entrefer bobine
0,008 - 0,012 in (0,20 - 0,30 mm)
Entrefer bobine
0,008 - 0,012 in (0,20 - 0,30 mm)
Jeu de soupape d’admission
0,004 - 0,006 in (0,10 - 0,15 mm)
Jeu de soupape d’admission
0,004 - 0,006 in (0,10 - 0,15 mm)
Jeu de soupape d’échappement
0,004 - 0,006 in (0,10 - 0,15 mm)
Jeu de soupape d’échappement
0,004 - 0,006 in (0,10 - 0,15 mm)
* La puissance du moteur décroît de 3,5% par 300 mètres d’altitude au-dessus du niveau de la mer et de 1% par 5,6 C au-delà de 25 C. Le moteur fonctionne normalement jusqu’à
15 d’inclinaison. Voir le manuel d’utilisation de l’équipement pour les limites autorisées de fonctionnement en pente.
Pièces d’entretien courant n
Pièce d’entretien
Référence
Pièce d’entretien
Référence
Filtre à air -- avec réservoir de carburant
393957
Filtre à essence -- avec réservoir de carburant
808116
Filtre à air -- sauf modèle 380000
394018
Filtre à essence -- avec pompe à essence
691035
Filtre à air -- modèle 380000
692519
Filtre à essence -- sans pompe
298090
Pré-filtre du filtre à air -- avec réservoir de carburant
271794
Additif pour l’essence
5041
Pré-filtre du filtre à air -- sauf modèle 380000
272490
Bougie à résistance
491055
Pré-filtre du filtre à air -- modèle 380000
692520
Bougie en platine longue durée
5066
Huile - SAE 30
100028
Clé à bougie
19374
Filtre à huile -- 6 cm long
492932
Éclateur
19368
Filtre à huile-- 9 cm long
491056
n Nous recommandons de voir un Réparateur Agréé Briggs & Stratton pour tout l’entretien du moteur et de ses pièces.
fr
27
APPLICATION DE LA GARANTIE SUR LES MOTEURS BRIGGS & STRATTON
Avril 2012
GARANTIE LIMITÉE
Briggs & Stratton garantit que, pendant la période de garantie spécifiée ci-dessous, il remplacera ou réparera gratuitement toute pièce du moteur présentant un défaut de
matière ou de fabrication ou les deux. Tous les frais de transport du produit destiné à être remplacé ou réparé au titre de la présente garantie restent à charge de l’acheteur.
Cette garantie est applicable pendant la période et aux conditions prévues dans le présent document. Pour toute intervention sous garantie, cherchez le Réparateur Agréé
Briggs & Stratton le plus proche dans la liste des Réparateurs Agréés sur notre site Internet BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM. L’acheteur doit contacter le Réparateur Agréé puis
mettre le moteur ou le produit à sa disposition pour inspection et essais.
Il n’existe aucune autre garantie expresse. Les garanties implicites, y compris celles de la valeur marchande et d’adaptation à un objectif particulier, sont limitées à
un an à partir de la date d’achat ou à la période légale admise. Toute autre garantie implicite est exclue. Notre responsabilité pour les dégâts provoqués par
l’équipement ou les dommages-intérêts accessoires est exclue dans la limite des exclusions autorisées par la loi. Certains pays ou États/provinces n’autorisent aucune
restriction sur la durée d’une garantie implicite, et certains pays ou États/provinces n’autorisent pas l’exclusion ou la limitation des dommages accessoires ou indirects. Par
conséquent, les restrictions et exclusions décrites ci-dessus pourraient ne pas s’appliquer dans certains cas. La présente garantie accorde légalement à l’utilisateur certains
droits spécifiques auxquels peuvent également s’ajouter d’autres droits qui varient d’un pays ou d’un État à l’autre**.
CONDITIONS DE GARANTIE STANDARD *
Marque/Type de produit
Y
Usage privé
Usage professionnel
J
3 ans
3 ans
Commercial Turf Seriest
2 ans
2 ans
Extended Life Seriest; I/C®; Intekt I/C®; Intekt Pro; t
Professional Seriest avec chemise en fonte Dura-Boret;
850 Seriest avec chemise en fonte Dura-Boret;
Snow Series MAXt avec chemise en fonte Dura-Boret
Tous les autres moteurs Briggs & Stratton comportant une chemise en fonte Dura-Boret
2 ans
1 an
Tous les autres moteurs Briggs & Stratton
2 ans
90 jours
Vanguardt
*
Ces conditions sont nos conditions de garantie standard. Néanmoins, dans certains cas, nos produits peuvent bénéficier d’une couverture supplémentaire qui n’était
pas déterminée au moment de la publication. Pour consulter les conditions de garantie actuelles de votre moteur, rendez-vous sur BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM ou
contactez le Réparateur Agréé Briggs & Stratton.
** En Australie -- Nos produits disposent de garanties qui ne peuvent être exclues dans le cadre du droit de la consommation australien. Vous êtes en droit de bénéficier
d’un remplacement ou d’un remboursement pour une défaillance majeure, ou d’un dédommagement pour toute autre perte ou tout autre dommage raisonnablement
prévisible. Vous êtes aussi en droit de bénéficier de la réparation ou du remplacement des produits si ceux-ci s’avèrent ne pas être de qualité acceptable et si la
défaillance n’est pas majeure. Pour toute intervention sous garantie, chercher le Réparateur Agréé Briggs & Stratton le plus proche en consultant la liste des
Réparateurs sur BRIGGSandSTRATTON.COM, en composant le 1300 274 447, en envoyant un message électrique à salesenquiries@briggsandstratton.com.au, ou
en écrivant directement à Briggs & Stratton Australia Pty Ltd, 1 Moorebank Avenue, Moorebank, NSW, Australie, 2170.
Y Groupes électrogènes stationnaires: 2ans de garantie en usage privé. Pas de garantie en usage professionnel. Les équipements utilisés pour une alimentation
principale en remplacement du réseau public d’électricité ne sont pas couverts par la présente garantie. Les moteurs utilisés en compétition ou avec un but
d’exploitation commerciale ou de location ne sont pas garantis.
J Vanguard installés sur les groupes électrogènes stationnaires: 2ans de garantie en usage privé, pas de garantie en usage professionnel. Vanguard installés sur des
véhicules utilitaires: 2ans de garantie en usage privé, 2ans de garantie en usage professionnel. Vanguard 3cylindres refroidis à eau: consulter l’application de la
garantie sur les moteurs Briggs & Stratton 3/LC.
La période de garantie débute à la date d’achat par l’acheteur particulier initial ou l’utilisateur professionnel final et continue pendant la période indiquée dans le tableau ci-dessus.
«Usage privé» signifie utilisation pour l’entretien de sa résidence personnelle par un acheteur particulier. «Usage commercial» couvre toutes les autres utilisations, y compris dans un
but commercial, de rentabilité ou de location. Dès qu’un moteur a servi à un usage commercial, il sera considéré comme moteur à usage commercial dans le cadre de la présente
garantie.
Pour tous les équipements fabriqués par Briggs & Stratton, l’enregistrement de la garantie n’est pas obligatoire pour qu’elle prenne effet. Conserver le reçu comme
preuve d’achat. Si, lors dune demande d’intervention sous garantie, la date initiale d’achat ne peut être fournie, la date de fabrication du produit sert de référence pour
déterminer la période de garantie.
4 Les pièces qui seraient rayées ou cassées du fait du fonctionnement du moteur
Au sujet de la garantie
avec un manque d’huile ou d’une huile polluée, ou encore d’un indice de viscosité
de l’huile inadéquat (vérifier et refaire le niveau quand c’est nécessaire et vidanger
aux périodes recommandées). Le dispositif OIL GARD peut ne pas couper un
Briggs & Stratton se fera un plaisir d’effectuer une réparation en garantie tout en
moteur en marche. Le moteur peut être endommagé si le niveau d’huile n’est pas
déplorant les inconvénients qu’elle peut vous occasionner. Tout Réparateur Agréé peut
maintenu régulièrement.
effectuer des réparations en garantie. La plupart des réparations en garantie sont
effectuées sans discussion mais il peut arriver que la demande de réparation en garantie
5 La réparation ou le réglage de pièces ou d’un groupe de pièces associées tels que
soit injustifiée. Afin d’éviter tout malentendu entre les propriétaires de moteurs et les
les embrayages, transmissions, commandes à distance, etc., qui ne sont pas
Réparateurs Agréés Briggs & Stratton, nous indiquons ci-après quelques-unes des
fabriqués par Briggs & Stratton.
causes de défaillance des moteurs pour lesquelles le remplacement ou la réparation ne
6 Les dommages ou l’usure de pièces provoqués par la pénétration de poussière due
sont pas couverts par la garantie.
au manque d’entretien ou au mauvais montage du filtre à air ou à l’emploi d’un
élément ou d’une cartouche de filtre à air non d’origine. Aux intervalles
Usure normale: Les moteurs, comme tous les dispositifs mécanisés, nécessitent un
recommandés, nettoyer et/ou remplacer le filtre comme indiqué dans le manuel
entretien régulier et le remplacement des pièces d’usure pour fonctionner correctement.
d’utilisation.
Cette garantie ne couvre pas la réparation de pièces ou d’équipements usés par un
7 Les pièces endommagées suite à un surrégime ou une surchauffe provoqués par
usage normal. La garantie ne s’applique pas quand la défaillance du moteur est due à un
l’obstruction des ailettes de refroidissement et de la zone du volant par des débris
abus, un manque d’entretien courant, l’expédition, la manutention, l’entreposage ou une
d’herbe ou de la poussière ou par l’utilisation du moteur dans un local fermé
mauvaise installation. Il en va de même si le numéro de série du moteur a été éliminé ou
insuffisamment ventilé. Nettoyer les débris aux intervalles recommandés comme
que le moteur a été modifié ou trafiqué.
indiqué dans le manuel d’utilisation.
Entretien inadéquat: La longévité d’un moteur dépend des conditions dans lesquelles il
8 Le bris de pièces du moteur ou de l’équipement dû à des vibrations excessives
est utilisé et de l’entretien qu’il reçoit. Certaines applications, comme les motoculteurs,
résultant d’un serrage insuffisant des boulons de fixation du moteur, d’une lame ou
les pompes et les tondeuses, sont souvent utilisées dans un environnement poussiéreux
d’une turbine desserrée ou mal équilibrée, d’une mauvaise adaptation de
ou sale, ce qui peut être la cause d’une usure pouvant paraître prématurée. Une telle
l’équipement sur le vilebrequin du moteur, d’un surrégime ou d’une mauvaise
usure, lorsqu’elle est consécutive à l’entrée de poussière, sable ou autre produit abrasif
utilisation.
à cause d’un mauvais entretien, n’est pas couverte par la garantie.
9 Vilebrequin faussé ou cassé suite au choc de la lame d’une tondeuse rotative sur un
Cette garantie couvre uniquement les pièces défectueuses et/ou la main d’œuvre
corps dur, ou d’une courroie trapézoïdale trop tendue.
et pas le remplacement ou le remboursement de l’équipement sur lequel est
10 Réglage ou mise au point normale du moteur.
monté le moteur. La garantie ne s’applique pas non plus aux réparations dues a:
11 La défaillance du moteur ou des pièces du moteur, telles que la chambre de
1 Des problèmes provoqués par l’emploi de pièces non d’origine Briggs &
combustion, les soupapes, sièges de soupapes, guides de soupapes ou bobinages
Stratton.
du démarreur grillés, suite à l’emploi de carburants de substitution tels que du
pétrole liquéfié, du gaz naturel, de l’essence formulée avec de l’éthanol à plus de 10
2 Les commandes de l’équipement ou les dispositifs qui empêchent le démarrage,
%, etc.
perturbent le fonctionnement du moteur ou abrègent sa durée de vie. (Contactez le
fabricant de l’équipement.)
Les interventions sous garantie ne sont effectuées que par les Réparateurs Agréés
3 Les fuites de carburateur, l’obstruction des Durits d’alimentation, le gommage des
de Briggs & Stratton. Recherchez-les dans la liste des Réparateurs Agréés Briggs
& Stratton sur notre site Internet BRIGGSandSTRATTON.com ou en composant le
soupapes ou autres dommages provoqués par une essence contaminée ou trop
vieille.
1-800-233-3723.
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Déclaration de garantie du système de contrôle des émissions de l’État de Californie, de l’U.S. EPA et
de Briggs & Stratton Corporation Droits et obligations du propriétaire au titre de la garantie
Le California Air Resources Board (CARB), l’U.S. EPA et Briggs & Stratton (B&S) ont le
plaisir de vous expliquer la garantie du système de contrôle des émissions pour votre
moteur/équipement fabriqué 2012--2013. En Californie, les petits moteurs à usage non
routier et les gros moteurs à explosion d’un litre ou moins, neufs, doivent être conçus,
fabriqués et équipés pour répondre aux normes sévères anti-effet de serre de l’État. B&S
doit garantir le système de contrôle des émissions de votre moteur/équipement pendant
les durées indiquées ci-après, en supposant que le moteur ou l’équipement n’ait pas fait
l’objet d’abus, de négligence ou d’un mauvais entretien.
Le système de contrôle des émissions peut comprendre des pièces comme le
carburateur ou le système d’injection de carburant, le réservoir de carburant, le système
d’allumage et le convertisseur catalytique. Des durites, des courroies, des connecteurs,
des capteurs et d’autres assemblages impliqués dans les émissions peuvent aussi en
faire partie.
Si la condition de garantie est remplie, B&S réparera gratuitement votre
moteur/équipement y compris le diagnostic, les pièces et la main-d’œuvre.
janvier 2012
Responsabilités du propriétaire au titre de la garantie:



Couverture de la garantie du fabricant:
En tant que propriétaire d’un moteur/équipement, vous êtes responsable de
l’entretien nécessaire indiqué dans le manuel d’utilisation. B&S recommande de
conserver toutes les factures de maintenance de votre moteur/équipement mais
B&S ne peut renier la garantie uniquement à cause de l’absence de factures ou
parce que tous les entretiens n’ont pas été effectués en temps prévu.
En tant que propriétaire d’un moteur/équipement, vous devez néanmoins savoir que
B&S peut refuser d’appliquer la garantie si la défectuosité de votre
moteur/équipement ou d’une partie de celui-ci est due à un abus, une négligence,
un entretien non correct ou des modifications non approuvées.
Vous avez la responsabilité de confier votre moteur/équipement à un centre de
distribution, un Réparateur Agréé ou toute entité équivalente de B&S, selon la
solution applicable, dès que le problème apparaît. Les réparations effectuées sous
garantie doivent l’être en un temps raisonnable qui ne doit pas excéder trente (30)
jours. Si vous avez des questions concernant vos droits et vos responsabilités au
titre de la garantie, contactez B&S au (414) 259-5262.
Les petits moteurs à usage non routier et les gros moteurs à explosion d’un litre ou
moins sont garantis pendant une période de trois (3) ans. Si une pièce liée aux
émissions de votre moteur/équipement est défectueuse, Briggs & Stratton la réparera
ou la remplacera.
Dispositions de la garantie du système de contrôle des émissions de Briggs & Stratton
Suivent les dispositions particulières de la couverture de la garantie du système de contrôle des émissions. Elles viennent en complément de la garantie des moteurs B&S pour les
moteurs non réglementés qui se trouve dans le manuel d’utilisation.
1.
2.
La garantie sur les pièces liées aux émissions est comme suit:
Pièces relatives au contrôle des émissions garanties
La couverture au titre de cette garantie ne s’étend qu’aux pièces énumérées
ci-dessous (celles du système de contrôle des émissions) dans la mesure où ces
pièces étaient présentes sur le moteur B&S et/ou le circuit d’alimentation prévu par
B&S.
a. Système de dosage du carburant
 Système d’enrichissement pour démarrages à froid (starter)
 Carburateur et pièces internes
 Pompe à carburant
 Durit et raccords de carburant, colliers
 Réservoir de carburant, bouchon et câble d’attache
 Réservoir à charbon activé
b. Système d’admission d’air
 Filtre à air
 Collecteur d’admission
 Conduite de vidange et de mise à l’air
c. Système d’allumage
 Bougie(s)
 Système d’allumage par volant magnétique
d. Système catalytique
 Convertisseur catalytique
 Collecteur d’échappement
 Système d’injection d’air ou soupape d’impulsion
e. Pièces diverses utilisées dans les systèmes ci-dessus
 Soupapes et contacteurs de dépression, de température, de position et de
durée
 Raccords et assemblages
Durée de la couverture
Pendant une période de trois (3) ans à compter de la date de l’achat initial, B&S
garantit à l’acheteur initial et à chaque acheteur suivant que le moteur est conçu,
fabriqué et équipé de manière à être en conformité avec toutes les réglementations
applicables adoptées par l’Air Resources Board, qu’il est exempt de tout défaut de
matière ou de construction susceptible d’entraîner la défaillance d’une pièce garantie
et qu’il est matériellement identique en tous points au moteur décrit dans la demande
de certification du fabricant. La période de garantie démarre à la date de l’achat
initial du moteur.
3.

Toute pièce garantie dont le remplacement n’est pas prévu dans le cadre de la
maintenance obligatoire indiquée dans le manuel d’utilisation fourni est garantie
pendant la période susmentionnée. Si cette pièce se révélait être défectueuse
au cours de la période de garantie, elle serait réparée ou remplacée par B&S
sans aucun frais pour le propriétaire. La pièce ainsi réparée ou remplacée sera
garantie pour la période restante.

Toute pièce garantie dont seule une inspection régulière est prévue dans le
manuel d’utilisation fourni est garantie pendant la période susmentionnée. La
pièce réparée ou remplacée dans le cadre de la garantie sera garantie pour la
période restante.

Toute pièce garantie dont le remplacement est prévu dans le cadre de la
maintenance obligatoire indiquée dans le manuel d’utilisation fourni est garantie
pendant la période précédant le premier remplacement prévu de cette pièce. Si
cette pièce se révélait être défectueuse avant le premier remplacement prévu,
elle serait réparée ou remplacée par B&S sans aucun frais pour le propriétaire.
La pièce ainsi réparée ou remplacée sera garantie pour la période restante
précédant le premier remplacement prévu de ladite pièce.

Les pièces ajoutées ou modifiées qui ne sont pas exemptées par l’Air
Resources Board ne peuvent être utilisées. L’utilisation par le propriétaire de
pièces ajoutées ou modifiées non exemptées sera un motif de rejet de toute
réclamation. Le fabricant ne peut en aucun cas être tenu de garantir les
défaillances de pièces garanties dues à l’utilisation de pièces non exemptées
ajoutées ou modifiées.
Couverture des conséquences
La présente couverture s’étend à la défaillance de tout composant du moteur due à
la défaillance d’une pièce liée aux émissions garantie.
4.
Réclamations et exclusions de garantie
Les réclamations sous garantie seront présentées selon les dispositions de la
police de garantie des moteurs de B&S. La garantie ne couvre pas les défaillances
de pièces liées aux émissions qui ne sont pas des pièces B&S d’origine ou les
défaillances de pièces qui ont fait l’objet d’abus, de négligence ou d’un mauvais
entretien ainsi qu’indiqué dans la police de garantie des moteurs de B&S. B&S n’est
pas tenu de couvrir la garantie des défaillances des pièces liées aux émissions
dues à l’utilisation de pièces rajoutées ou modifiées.
Consultez les informations sur la période de durabilité des émissions et l’indice d’air sur
l’étiquette d’émissions du petit moteur à usage non routier
Les moteurs qui sont certifiés conformes à la norme d’émissions relatives aux petits
moteurs à usage non routier du California Air Resources Board (CARB) doivent afficher
l’information concernant la période de durabilité des émissions et l’indice d’air. Cette
information est indiquée sur les étiquettes apposées sur les moteurs par Briggs &
Stratton. L’étiquette du moteur indique les informations de certification.
La période de durabilité des émissions indique le nombre d’heures d’utilisation
normale pour lequel le moteur est certifié conforme aux normes d’émissions sous
réserve d’un entretien approprié tel qu’indiqué dans le manuel d’utilisation et d’entretien.
Les catégories suivantes sont utilisées:
Modéré:
le moteur est certifié conforme pour 125 heures d’utilisation normale.
Intermédiaire:
le moteur est certifié conforme pour 250 heures d’utilisation normale.
Étendu:
le moteur est certifié conforme pour 500 heures d’utilisation normale. Par exemple, une
tondeuse à conducteur marchant classique est utilisée 20 à 25 heures par an. Par
conséquent, la période de durabilité des émissions d’un moteur de catégorie
intermédiaire équivaudrait à une douzaine d’années.
Les moteurs Briggs & Stratton sont certifiés conformes aux normes environnementales
d’émissions de la United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) Phase 2
ou Phase 3. La période de conformité d’émissions mentionnée sur les étiquettes indique
le nombre d’heures d’utilisation pour lequel le moteur est en conformité avec les normes
fédérales.
Pour les moteurs de cylindrée inférieure à 225 cm3.
Catégorie C = 125 heures, catégorie B = 250 heures et catégorie A = 500 heures.
Pour les moteurs de plus de 225 cm3.
Catégorie C = 250 heures, catégorie B = 500 heures et catégorie A = 1000 heures.
fr
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Bad Boy Buggies
1451 Marvin Griffin Road, Augusta,
Georgia USA 30906-3852
TO CONTACT US
E-mail: info@badboybuggies.com
For parts and repair contact your local dealer.
To locate a local dealer please go online to our website:
www.BADBOYBUGGIES.COM
2011 E-Z-GO Division of Textron Inc.
This manual may not be reproduced in whole or
in part without the express permission of
E-Z-GO Division of Textron Inc.
Technical Communications Department