Edimax Multi-Homing Broadband Router User manual

Multi-Homing
Broadband Router
User Manual
1
Introduction....................................................................................................................... 4
Features.............................................................................................................................. 4
Minimum Requirements .................................................................................................. 4
Package Content ............................................................................................................... 4
Note .................................................................................................................................... 4
Get to know the Broadband Router................................................................................ 5
Back Panel ......................................................................................................................... 5
Front Panel ........................................................................................................................ 6
Setup Diagram................................................................................................................... 7
Getting started................................................................................................................... 8
Chapter 1 ......................................................................................................................... 15
Quick Setup ..................................................................................................................... 15
Step 1) Time Zone ........................................................................................................... 15
Step 2) Broadband Type................................................................................................. 16
1.1 Cable Modem ............................................................................................................ 17
1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL........................................................................................................... 18
1.3 PPPoE ........................................................................................................................ 19
1.4 PPTP .......................................................................................................................... 21
1.5 L2TP........................................................................................................................... 23
1.6 Telstra Big Pond........................................................................................................ 25
Chapter 2 ......................................................................................................................... 26
General Settings .............................................................................................................. 26
2.1 System ........................................................................................................................ 28
2.1.1 Time Zone ............................................................................................................... 29
2.1.2 Password Settings .................................................................................................. 30
2.1.3 Remote Management............................................................................................. 31
2.2 WAN........................................................................................................................... 32
2.2.1 Dynamic IP ............................................................................................................. 34
2.2.2 Static IP Address.................................................................................................... 34
2.2.3 PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet).................................................................................. 34
2.2.4 PPTP ....................................................................................................................... 34
2.2.5 L2TP........................................................................................................................ 34
2.2.6 Telstra Big Pond..................................................................................................... 37
2.2.7 WAN Policy ............................................................................................................ 38
2.2.8 QoS .......................................................................................................................... 39
2.2.9 DNS ......................................................................................................................... 43
2.2.10 DDNS..................................................................................................................... 44
2.3 LAN ............................................................................................................................ 46
2.4 NAT ............................................................................................................................ 48
2.4.1 Port Forwarding .................................................................................................... 49
2.4.2 Virtual Server......................................................................................................... 51
2.4.3 Special Applications............................................................................................... 54
2.4.4 UPnP ....................................................................................................................... 56
2.4.5 Protocol and Port Binding .................................................................................... 57
2.4.6 ALG Settings .......................................................................................................... 59
2.4.7 Static Routing......................................................................................................... 59
2
2.5 Firewall ...................................................................................................................... 62
2.5.1 Access Control........................................................................................................ 63
2.5.2 URL Blocking......................................................................................................... 67
2.5.3 DoS (Denial of Service).......................................................................................... 68
2.5.4 DMZ ........................................................................................................................ 70
Chapter 3 ......................................................................................................................... 72
Status................................................................................................................................ 72
3.1 Status and Information ............................................................................................ 73
3.2 Internet Connection.................................................................................................. 74
3.3 Device Status ............................................................................................................. 75
3.4 System Log................................................................................................................. 76
3.5 Security Log............................................................................................................... 77
3.6 Active DHCP Client.................................................................................................. 78
3.7 Statistics ..................................................................................................................... 79
Chapter 4 ......................................................................................................................... 80
Tool................................................................................................................................... 80
4.1 Configuration Tools.................................................................................................. 81
4.2 Firmware Upgrade ................................................................................................... 82
4.3 Reset ........................................................................................................................... 82
Appendix A...................................................................................................................... 84
Glossary ......................................................................................................................... 85
3
Introduction
Congratulations on purchasing this Multi-homing Broadband router. This is a cost-effective IP
Sharing Router that enables multiple users to share the Internet through up to two ADSL or cable
modems. Simply configure your Internet connection settings in the router and plug your PC to the
router’s LAN port and you're ready to share files and access the Internet. The multi-homing
function can combine two WAN lines into one virtual high bandwidth WAN line, and let you get a
better Internet surfing experience. As your network grows, you can connect another hub or switch
to the router’s LAN ports, allowing you to easily expand your network. This router provides a total
solution for the Small and Medium-sized Business (SMB) and the Small Office/Home Office
(SOHO) markets, giving you an instant network today, and the flexibility to handle tomorrow's
expansion and speed.
Features
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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High Internet Access throughput (50M)
Allow multiple users to share a single Internet line
Supports up to 253 users
Internet Access via Cable or xDSL modem
Access Private LAN Servers from the Public Network
Equipped with four LAN ports (10/100M), two WAN ports (10/100M) and two USB ports.
Support DHCP (Server/Client) for easy setup
Support advance features such as: Special Applications, DMZ, Virtual Servers, Access
Control, Firewall and Printer mode.
Allow you to monitor the router’s status such as: DHCP Client Log, Security Log and
Device/Connection Status
Easy to use Web-based GUI for configuration and management purposes
Remote Management allows configuration and upgrades from a remote site (over the
Internet)
Minimum Requirements
•
•
•
One External xDSL (ADSL) or Cable modem with an Ethernet port (RJ-45)
Network Interface Card (NIC) for each Personal Computer (PC)
PCs with a Web-Browser (Internet Explorer 4.0 or higher, or Netscape Navigator 4.7 or
higher)
Package Content
•
•
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One broadband router unit
One Quick Installation Guide
One User Manual CD
One Power Adapter
Accessories
Note
The WAN “idle timeout” auto-disconnect function may not work due to abnormal activities of
some network application software, computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For
example, some software sends network packets to the Internet in the background, even when
you are not using the Internet. This function also may not work with some ISP. So please make
sure this function can work properly when you use this function in the first time, especially your
ISP charge you by time used. Due to the many uncontrollable issues, we do not guarantee the
WAN “idle timeout” auto-disconnect function will always work. In order to prevent from extra fee
charged by ISP, please TURN OFF THE ROUTER WHEN YOU FINISHED USING THE
INTERNET.
4
Get to know the Broadband Router
Back Panel
The diagram (fig1.0) below shows the broadband router’s back panel. The router’s back panel is
divided into three sections, LAN, WAN, USB and Reset:
Figure 1.0
1) Local Area Network (LAN)
The Broadband router’s 4 LAN ports are where you connect your LAN’s PCs, printer servers,
hubs and switches etc.
2) Wide Area Network (WAN)
The WAN ports are the segment connected to your xDSL or Cable modems and are linked to
the Internet.
3) Reset
The Reset button allows you to do one of two things.
1) If problems occur with your router, press the router’s reset button with a pencil tip (for
less than 4 seconds) and the router will re-boot itself, keeping your original
configurations.
2) If problems persist or you experience extreme problems or you forgot your password,
press the reset button for longer than 4 seconds and the router will reset itself to the
factory default settings (warning: your original configurations will be replaced with
the factory default settings)
5
Front Panel
On the router’s front panel there are LED lights that inform you of the router’s current status.
Below is an explanation of each LED and its description.
LED
Light Status
Description
PWR
ON
Router’s power supply is on
WAN 10/100M
ON
Off
WAN port 100Mbps is connected
WAN port 10Mbps is connected
WAN is connected
No WAN connection
WAN port has Activity (ACT), data being sent
(Port 1-2)
WAN LNK/ACT
(Port 1-2)
ON
Off
Flashing
LAN 10/100M
ON
(Port 1-4)
Off
LAN LNK/ACT
ON
Off
(Port 1-4)
LAN port 100Mbps is connected
LAN port 10Mbps is connected
LAN is connected
No LAN connection
LAN port has Activity (ACT), data being sent
Flashing
6
Setup Diagram
Figure 1.2 below shows a typical setup for a Local Area Network (LAN).
ADSL or
Cable Modem
Internet
Figure 1.2
7
ADSL or
Cable Modem
Internet
Getting started
This is a step-by-step instruction on how to start using the router and get connected to the
Internet.
1) Setup your network as shown in the setup diagram above (fig 1.2).
2) You then need to set your LAN PC clients so that it can obtain an IP address automatically.
All LAN clients require an IP address. Just like an address, it allows LAN clients to find one
another. (If you have already configured your PC to obtain an IP automatically then proceed
to step 3, page 11)
Configure your PC to obtain an IP address automatically
By default the broadband router’s DHCP is on, this means that you can obtain an IP address
automatically once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically. This
section will show you how to configure your PC’s so that it can obtain an IP address
automatically for either Windows 95/98/Me, 2000 or NT operating systems. For other
operating systems (Macintosh, Sun, etc.), follow the manufacturer’s instructions. The
following is a step-by-step illustration on how to configure your PC to obtain an IP address
automatically for 2a) Windows 95/98/Me, 2b) Windows 2000 and 2c) Windows NT.
2a) Windows 95/98/Me
1: Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel
window will appear.
2: Double-click Network icon. The Network window will appear.
3: Check your list of Network Components. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the Add button to
install it now. If TCP/IP is installed, go to step 6.
4: In the Network Component Type dialog box, select Protocol and click Add button.
5: In the Select Network Protocol dialog box, select Microsoft and TCP/IP and then click the
OK button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. You may need your Windows CD to
complete the installation.
6: After installing TCP/IP, go back to the Network dialog box. Select TCP/IP from the list of
Network Components and then click the Properties button.
7: Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings:
•
•
•
•
•
Bindings: Check Client for Microsoft Networks and File and printer sharing for
Microsoft Networks.
Gateway: All fields are blank.
DNS Configuration: Select Disable DNS.
WINS Configuration: Select Disable WINS Resolution.
IP Address: Select Obtain IP address automatically.
8
8: Reboot the PC. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your
Broadband Router’s DHCP server.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server
available on your LAN.
Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to
Step 3 (Page 11).
2b) Windows 2000
1: Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel
window will appear.
2: Double-click Network and Dial-up Connections icon. In the Network and Dial-up
Connection window, double-click Local Area Connection icon. The Local Area
Connection window will appear.
3: In the Local Area Connection window, click the Properties button.
4: Check your list of Network Components. You should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on
your list. Select it and click the Properties button.
5: In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window, select Obtain an IP address
automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically as shown on the following
screen.
9
6: Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically
from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server
available on your LAN.
Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to
Step 3 (Page 11).
2c) Windows NT
1: Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel
window will appear.
2: Double-click Network icon. The Network window will appear. Select the Protocol tab from
the Network window.
3: Check if the TCP/IP Protocol is on your list of Network Protocols. If TCP/IP is not
installed, click the Add button to install it now. If TCP/IP is installed, go to step 5.
4: In the Select Network Protocol window, select the TCP/IP Protocol and click the Ok
button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. You may need your Windows CD to
complete the installation.
10
5: After you install TCP/IP, go back to the Network window. Select TCP/IP from the list of
Network Protocols and then click the Properties button.
6: Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings:
•
IP Address: Select Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server.
•
DNS: Let all fields are blank.
•
WINS: Let all fields are blank.
•
Routing: Let all fields are blank.
7: Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically
from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server
available on your LAN.
Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to
Step 3 (Page 11).
3) Once you have configured your PCs to obtain an IP address automatically, the router’s
DHCP server will automatically give your LAN clients an IP address. By default the
11
Broadband Router’s DHCP server is enabled so that you can obtain an IP address
automatically. To see if you have obtained an IP address, see Appendix A.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server
available on your LAN. If there is another DHCP on your network, then you’ll need to switch
one of the DHCP servers off. (To disable the Broadband router’s DHCP server see chapter 2
LAN Port)
4) Once your PC has obtained an IP address from your router, enter the default IP address
192.168.2.1 (broadband router’s IP address) into your PC’s web browser and press <enter>
5) The login screen below will appear. Enter the “User Name” and “Password” and then click
<OK> to login.
Note: By default the user name is “admin” and the password is “1234”. For security
reasons it is recommended that you change the password as soon as possible (in
General setup/system/password, see chapter 2)
6) The HOME page screen below will appear. The Home Page is divided into four sections,
Quick Setup Wizard, General Setup, Status Information and Tools.
Quick Setup Wizard (Chapter 1)
If you only want to start using the broadband router as an Internet Access device then you
ONLY need to configure the screens in the Quick Setup Wizard section.
General Setup (Chapter 2)
If you want to use more advanced features that the broadband router has to offer, then you’ll
need to configure the Quick Setup Wizard and the General Setup section. Alternatively, you
can just configure the General Setup section, since the General Setup/WAN and the Quick
Setup Wizard contain the same configurations.
Status Information (Chapter 3)
12
The Status Information section is for you to monitor the router’s current status information
only.
Tools (Chapter 4)
If you want to Reset the router (because of problems) or save your configurations or upgrade
the firmware then the Tools section is the place to do this.
Menu
Description
Quick Setup Wizard (Chapter 1)
Select your Internet connection type and then
input the configurations needed to connect to
your Internet Service Provider (ISP).
General Setup (Chapter 2)
This section contains configurations for the
Broadband router’s advance functions such as:
Address Mapping, Virtual Server, Access
Control, Hacker Attack Prevention, DMZ,
Special applications and other functions to meet
your LAN requirements.
Status Information (Chapter 3)
In this section you can see the Broadband
router's system information, Internet Connection,
13
Device Status, Security Log and DHCP client
Log information.
Tools (Chapter 4)
This section contains the broadband router’s
Tools - Tools include Configuration tools,
Firmware upgrade and Reset. Configuration
tools allow you to Backup (save), Restore, or
Restore to Factory Default configuration for your
Broadband router. The Firmware upgrade tool
allows you to upgrade your Broadband router's
firmware. The RESET tool allows you to reset
your Broadband router.
Logout
Selecting logout will return you to the LOGIN
page
7) Click on Quick Setup Wizard (see chapter 1) to start configuring settings required by your
ISP so that you can start accessing the Internet. The other sections (General Setup, Status
Information and Tools) do not need to be configured unless you wish to implement/monitor
more advance features/information.
Select the section (Quick Setup Wizard, General Setup, Status Information and Tools) you wish
to configure and proceed to the corresponding chapter. Use the selections on the web
management’s top right hand page (see below) to navigate around the web-based management
User Interface.
14
Chapter 1
Quick Setup
The Quick Setup section is designed to get you using the broadband router as quickly as possible.
In the Quick Setup you are required to fill in only the information necessary to access the Internet.
Once you click on the Quick Setup Wizard in the HOME page, you should see the screen below.
Step 1) Time Zone
The Time Zone allows your router to base its time on the settings configured here, this will affect
functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.
Parameter
Description
Set Time Zone
Select the time zone of the country you are currently in.
The router will set its time based on your selection.
Time Server Address
You can manually assign time server address if the
default time server did not work.
Enable Daylight Savings
The router can also take Daylight savings into
account. If you wish to use this function, you must
check/tick the enable box to enable your daylight
saving configuration (below).
15
Start Daylight Savings Time
Select the period in which you wish to start daylight
Savings Time
End Daylight Savings Time
Select the period in which you wish to end daylight
Savings Time
Click on NEXT to proceed to the next page (step 2) Broadband Type.
Step 2) Broadband Type
In this section you have to select one of four types of connections that you will be using to
connect your broadband router’s WAN port to your ISP (see screen below).
Note: Different ISP’s require different methods of connecting to the Internet, please check with
your ISP as to the type of connection it requires.
Menu
Description
1.1 Cable Modem
Your ISP will automatically give you an IP address
1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL
Your ISP has given you an IP address already
16
1.3 PPPoE
Your ISP requires you to use a Point-to-Point Protocol over
Ethernet (PPPoE) connection.
1.4 PPTP
Your ISP requires you to use a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
(PPTP) connection.
1.5 L2TP
Your ISP requires you to use a Layer Two Tunneling Protocol
(PPTP) connection.
1.6 Telstra Big Pond
This Protocol only used for Australia’s ISP connection.
Click on one of the WAN type and then proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section (1.1, 1.2,
1.3, 1.4, 1.5 or 1.6). Click on Back to return to the previous screen.
1.1 Cable Modem
Choose Cable Modem if ISP will automatically give you an IP address. Some ISP’s may also
require that you fill in additional information such as Host Name and MAC address (see screen
below).
Note: The Host Name and MAC address section is optional and you can skip this section if your
ISP does not require these settings for you to connect to the Internet.
17
Parameters
Host Name
Description
MAC Address
Your ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for you
to connect to the Internet. This MAC address is the PC’s MAC
address that your ISP had originally connected your Internet
connection to. Type in this MAC address in this section or use
the “Clone MAC Address” button to replace the WAN MAC
address with the MAC address of that PC (you have to be using
that PC for the Clone MAC Address button to work). To find out
the PC’s MAC address see Appendix A. (see Glossary for an
explanation on MAC address)
If your ISP requires a Host Name, type in the host name
provided by your ISP, otherwise leave it blank if your ISP does
not require a Host Name.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have
completed the configuration for the Cable Modem connection. You can start using the router now,
if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL
Select Fixed-IP xDSL if your ISP has given you a specific IP address for you to use. Your ISP
should provide all the information required in this section.
18
Parameters
Description
IP
This is the IP address that your ISP has given you.
Gateway IP
This is the ISP’s IP address gateway
DNS
This is the ISP’s DNS server IP address
Subnet Mask
Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP
(e.g. 255.255.255.0)
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have
completed the configuration for the Fixed-IP x DSL connection. You can start using the router
now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
1.3 PPPoE
Select PPPoE if your ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP
should provide all the information required in this section.
19
Parameter
Description
User Name
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPPoE
connection
Password
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPPoE
connection
Service Name
This is optional. Enter the Service name should your ISP
requires it, otherwise leave it blank.
MTU
This is optional. You can specify the maximum size of your
transmission packet to the Internet. Leave it as it is if you to not
wish to set a maximum packet size.
Connection Type
If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect
to the ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again,
the router will auto-reconnect to the ISP.
If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet
and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. The router
will close the WAN connection if the time period that no
one is using the Internet exceeds the “Idle Time”.
If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only
when you click “Connect” manually from the Web user
interface. The WAN connection will not disconnected due
to the idle timeout. If the WAN line breaks down and latter
links again, the router will not auto-connect to the ISP.
Idle Time
You can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN
port. This means if no packets have been sent (no one using the
Internet) during this specified period, the router will automatically
disconnect the connection with your ISP.
Note: The WAN "idle timeout" auto-disconnect function may not
work due to abnormal activities of some network application
software, computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For
example, some software sends network packets to the Internet in
the background, even when you are not using the Internet. This
function also may not work with some ISP. So please make sure
this function can work properly when you use this function in the
first time, especially your ISP charge you by time used. Due to
the many uncontrollable issues, we do not guarantee the WAN
"idle timeout" auto-disconnect function will always work. In order
to prevent from extra fee charged by ISP, please TURN OFF
THE ROUTER WHEN YOU FINISHED USING THE INTERNET.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have
completed the configuration for the PPPoE connection. You can start using the router now, if you
wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
20
1.4 PPTP
Select PPTP if your ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP
should provide all the information required in this section.
Parameter
Description
Obtain an IP address
automatically
The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP
before connecting to the PPTP server.
Use the following IP address The ISP gives you a static IP to be used to connect to the
PPTP server.
IP Address
This is the IP address that your ISP has given you to
establish a PPTP connection.
Subnet Mask
Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP
(e.g. 255.255.255.0)
Default Gateway
Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway
User ID
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPTP
connection. Sometimes called a Connection ID
21
Password
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPTP
connection
PPTP Gateway
If your LAN has a PPTP gateway, then enter that PPTP gateway
IP address here. If you do not have a PPTP gateway then enter
the ISP’s Gateway IP address above
Connection ID
This is the ID given by ISP. This is optional.
MTU
This is optional. You can specify the maximum size of your
transmission packet to the Internet. Leave it as it is if you to not
wish to set a maximum packet size.
BEZEQ-ISRAEL
Select this item if you are using the service provided by
BEZEQ in Israel.
Connection Type
If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect
to the ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again,
the router will auto-reconnect to the ISP.
If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone want to use the Internet
and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. The router
will close the WAN connection if the time period that no
one is using the Internet exceeds the “Idle Time”.
If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only
when you click “Connect” manually from the Web user
interface. The WAN connection will not disconnected due
to the idle timeout. If the WAN line breaks down and latter
links again, the router will not auto-connect to the ISP.
Idle Time
You can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN
port. This means if no packets have been sent (no one using the
Internet) throughout this specified period, then the router will
automatically disconnect the connection with your ISP.
Note: The WAN "idle timeout" auto-disconnect function may not
work due to abnormal activities of some network application
software, computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For
example, some software sends network packets to the Internet in
the background, even when you are not using the Internet. This
function also may not work with some ISP. So please make sure
this function can work properly when you use this function in the
first time, especially your ISP charge you by time used. Due to
the many uncontrollable issues, we do not guarantee the WAN
"idle timeout" auto-disconnect function will always work. In order
to prevent from extra fee charged by ISP, please TURN OFF
THE ROUTER WHEN YOU FINISHED USING THE INTERNET.
22
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have
completed the configuration for the PPTP connection. You can start using the router now, if you
wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
1.5 L2TP
Select L2TP if your ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP
should provide all the information required in this section.
Parameter
Description
Obtain an IP address
automatically
The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP
before connecting to the L2TP server.
MAC Address
Your ISP may require a particular MAC address in order
for you to connect to the Internet. This MAC address is the
PC's MAC address that your ISP had originally connected
your Internet connection to. Type in this MAC address in
this section or use the "Clone MAC Address" button to
replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC address of
that PC (you have to be using that PC for the Clone MAC
Address button to work). To find out the PC's MAC
address see Appendix A. (see Glossary for an explanation
on MAC address)
23
Use the following IP address The ISP gives you a static IP to be used to connect to the
L2TP server.
IP Address
This is the IP address that your ISP has given you to
establish a L2TP connection.
Subnet Mask
Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP
(e.g. 255.255.255.0)
Gateway
Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway
User ID
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPTP
connection. Sometimes called a Connection ID
Password
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPTP
connection
L2TP Gateway
If your LAN has a L2TP gateway, then enter that L2TP gateway
IP address here. If you do not have a L2TP gateway then enter
the ISP’s Gateway IP address above
MTU
This is optional. You can specify the maximum size of your
transmission packet to the Internet. Leave it as it is if you to not
wish to set a maximum packet size.
Connection Type
If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect
to the ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again,
the router will auto-reconnect to the ISP.
If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone want to use the Internet
and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. The router
will close the WAN connection if the time period that no
one is using the Internet exceeds the “Idle Time”.
If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only
when you click “Connect” manually from the Web user
interface. The WAN connection will not disconnected due
to the idle timeout. If the WAN line breaks down and latter
links again, the router will not auto-connect to the ISP.
Idle Time Out
The WAN "idle timeout" auto-disconnect function may not work
due to abnormal activities of some network application software,
computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For example,
some software sends network packets to the Internet in the
background, even when you are not using the Internet. This
function also may not work with some ISP. So please make sure
this function can work properly when you use this function in the
first time, especially your ISP charge you by time used. Due to
the many uncontrollable issues, we do not guarantee the WAN
"idle timeout" auto-disconnect function will always work. In order
24
to prevent from extra fee charged by ISP, please TURN OFF
THE ROUTER WHEN YOU FINISHED USING THE INTERNET.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have
completed the configuration for the L2TPP connection. You can start using the router now, if you
wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
1.6 Telstra Big Pond
Select Telstra Big Pond if your ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect you to the
Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section. Telstra Big Pond
protocol is used by the ISP in Australia.
Parameter
Description
User Name
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big
Pond connection
Password
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big
Pond connection
User deside login server
Select if you want to assign the IP of Telstra Big Pond’s login
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manually
server manually.
Login Server
The IP of the Login Server.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have
completed the configuration for the Telstra Big Pond connection. You can start using the router
now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
Chapter 2
General Settings
Once you click on the General Setup button at the Home Page, you should see the screen below.
If you have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard you do NOT need to configure anything
thing in the General Setup screen for you to start using the Internet.
The General Setup contains advanced features that allow you to configure the router to meet
your network’s needs such as: Address Mapping, Virtual Server, Access Control, Hacker Attack
Prevention, Special Applications, DMZ and other functions.
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Below is a general description of what advance functions are available for this broadband router.
Menu
Description
2.1 System
This section allows you to set the Broadband router’s system
Time Zone, Password and Remote Management Administrator.
2.2 WAN
This section allows you to select the connection method in order
to establish a connection with your ISP (same as the Quick
Setup Wizard section)
You can specify the LAN segment’s IP address, subnet Mask,
enable/disable DHCP and select an IP range for your LAN
2.3 LAN
2.4 NAT
You can configure the Address Mapping, Virtual Server and
Special Applications functions in this section. This allows you to
specify what user/packet can pass your router’s NAT.
2.5 Firewall
The Firewall section allows you to configure Access Control,
Hacker Prevention and DMZ.
2.6 Print
The Print section allows you to enable the USB port to support
USB printer.
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Select one of the above five General Setup selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant subsection
2.1 System
The system screen allows you to specify a time zone, to change the system password and to
specify a remote management user for the broadband router.
Parameters
System Settings
Description
2.1.1 Time Zone
Select the time zone of the country you are currently in.
The router will set its time based on your selection.
2.1.2 Password Settings
Allows you to select a password in order to access the
web-based management website.
2.1.3 Remote Management
You can specify a Host IP address that can perform
remote management functions.
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Select one of the above three system settings selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant
sub-section
2.1.1 Time Zone
The Time Zone allows your router to reference or base its time on the settings configured here,
which will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.
Parameter
Description
Set Time Zone
Select the time zone of the country you are currently in.
The router will set its time based on your selection.
Time Server Address
You can manually assign time server address if the
default time server did not work.
Enable Daylight Savings
The router can also take Daylight savings into account. If
you wish to use this function, you must check/tick the
enable box to enable your daylight saving configuration
(below).
Start Daylight Savings Time
Select the period in which you wish to start daylight
Savings Time
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End Daylight Savings Time
Select the period in which you wish to end daylight
Savings Time
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.1.2 Password Settings
You can change the password required to log into the broadband router's system web-based
management. By default, the password is “1234”. So please assign a password to the
Administrator as soon as possible, and store it in a safe place. Passwords can contain 0 to 12
alphanumeric characters, and are case sensitive.
Parameters
Current Password
Description
New Password
Enter your new password
Confirmed Password
Enter your new password again for verification purposes
Enter your current password for the remote management
administrator to login to your Broadband router.
Note: By default the password is “1234”
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Note: If you forget your password, you’ll have to reset the router
to the factory default (password is “1234”) with the reset button
(see router’s back panel)
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.1.3 Remote Management
The remote management function allows you to designate a host in the Internet the ability to
configure the Broadband router from a remote site. Enter the designated host IP Address in the
Host IP Address field.
Parameters
Host Address
Description
This is the IP address of the host in the Internet that will have
management/configuration access to the Broadband router from a
remote site. This means if you are at home and your home IP address
has been designated the Remote Management host IP address for this
router (located in your company office), then you are able to configure
this router from your home. If the Host Address is left 0.0.0.0 this means
anyone can access the router’s web-based configuration from a remote
location, providing they know the password.
Click the Enabled box to enable the Remote Management function.
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Note: When you want to access the web-based management from a
remote site, you must enter the router’s WAN IP address (e.g. 10.0.0.1)
into your web-browser followed by port number 8080, e.g. 10.0.0.1:8080
(see below). You’ll also need to know the password set in the Password
Setting screen in order to access the router’s web-based management.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.2 WAN
Use the WAN Settings screen if you have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard section and
you would like to change your Internet connection type. The WAN Settings screen allows you to
specify the type of WAN port connect you want to establish with your ISP. The WAN settings offer
the following selections for the router’s WAN port, Dynamic IP, Static IP, PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP,
Telstra Big Pond, Qos, Policy, DNS and DDNS. You have to select one of the two WAN ports
first and configure one WAN port at a time.
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Parameters
2.2.1 Dynamic IP address
Description
2.2.2 Static IP address
Your ISP has given you an IP address already
2.2.3 PPPoE
Your ISP requires PPPoE connection.
2.2.4 PPTP
Your ISP requires you to use a Point-to-Point Tunneling
Protocol (PPTP) connection.
2.2.5 L2TP
Your ISP requires L2TP connection.
2.2.6 Telstra Big Pond
Your ISP requires Telstra Big Pond connection.
2.2.7 Policy
Your can configure WAN policy.
2.2.8 QoS
You can specify rules for bandwidth control.
2.2.9 DNS
You can specify a DNS server that you wish to use
2.2.10 DDNS
You can specify a DDNS server that you wish to use and
configure the user name and password provided by you
DDNS service provider.
Your ISP will automatically give you an IP address
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Once you have made a selection, click <More Configuration> at the bottom of the screen and
proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
2.2.1 Dynamic IP
Choose the Dynamic IP selection if your ISP will automatically give you an IP address. Some
ISP’s may also require that you fill in additional information such as Host Name, Domain Name
and MAC address (see chapter 1 “Cable Modem” for more detail)
2.2.2 Static IP Address
Select Static IP address if your ISP has given you a specific IP address for you to use. Your ISP
should provide all the information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “Fixed IP” for more
detail)
2.2.3 PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet)
Select PPPoE if your ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP
should provide all the information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “PPPoE” for more detail)
2.2.4 PPTP
Select PPTP if your ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP
should provide all the information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “PPTP” for more detail)
2.2.5 L2TP
Select L2TP if your ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP
should provide all the information required in this section.
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Parameter
Description
Obtain an IP address
automatically
The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP
before connecting to the L2TP server.
MAC Address
Your ISP may require a particular MAC address in order
for you to connect to the Internet. This MAC address is the
PC's MAC address that your ISP had originally connected
your Internet connection to. Type in this MAC address in
this section or use the "Clone MAC Address" button to
replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC address of
that PC (you have to be using that PC for the Clone MAC
Address button to work). To find out the PC's MAC
address see Appendix A. (see Glossary for an explanation
on MAC address)
Use the following IP address The ISP gives you a static IP to be used to connect to the
L2TP server.
IP Address
This is the IP address that your ISP has given you to
establish a L2TP connection.
Subnet Mask
Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP
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(e.g. 255.255.255.0)
Gateway
Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway
User ID
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPTP
connection. Sometimes called a Connection ID
Password
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPTP
connection
L2TP Gateway
If your LAN has a L2TP gateway, then enter that L2TP gateway
IP address here. If you do not have a L2TP gateway then enter
the ISP’s Gateway IP address above
MTU
This is optional. You can specify the maximum size of your
transmission packet to the Internet. Leave it as it is if you to not
wish to set a maximum packet size.
Connection Type
If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect
to the ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again,
the router will auto-reconnect to the ISP.
If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone want to use the Internet
and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. The router
will close the WAN connection if the time period that no
one is using the Internet exceeds the “Idle Time”.
If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only
when you click “Connect” manually from the Web user
interface. The WAN connection will not disconnected due
to the idle timeout. If the WAN line breaks down and latter
links again, the router will not auto-connect to the ISP.
Idle Time Out
The WAN "idle timeout" auto-disconnect function may not work
due to abnormal activities of some network application software,
computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For example,
some software sends network packets to the Internet in the
background, even when you are not using the Internet. This
function also may not work with some ISP. So please make sure
this function can work properly when you use this function in the
first time, especially your ISP charge you by time used. Due to
the many uncontrollable issues, we do not guarantee the WAN
"idle timeout" auto-disconnect function will always work. In order
to prevent from extra fee charged by ISP, please TURN OFF
THE ROUTER WHEN YOU FINISHED USING THE INTERNET.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have
completed the configuration for the L2TPP connection. You can start using the router now.
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2.2.6 Telstra Big Pond
Select Telstra Big Pond if your ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect you to the
Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section. Telstra Big Pond
protocol is used by the ISP in Australia.
Parameter
Description
User Name
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big
Pond connection
Password
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big
Pond connection
User deside login server
manually
Select if you want to assign the IP of Telstra Big Pond’s login
server manually.
Login Server
The IP of the Login Server.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have
completed the configuration for the Telstra Big Pond connection. You can start using the router
now.
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2.2.7 WAN Policy
The WAN policy for multi-homing can be setup here. You can setup policy for each WAN
separately. The router will balance the load between all active WAN ports according to the
Send/Receive rate of the WAN ports. You can setup an IP for the router to detect if the WAN line
is connected. If the router fails to ping the IP, it would recognize the WAN line as not connected,
and will stop directing the Internet traffic to this WAN port. The traffic will be redirected to the
other active WAN port. The Intranet users will not become aware of this change and keep surfing
the Internet smoothly. You also can setup a WAN port as a backup WAN port. Backup WAN port
would not be activated when the router start up. When the other active WAN port fails to connect
to the Internet, the backup WAN port will be activated and take over all the traffic.
Parameter
Description
Speed
The send/upstream and receive/downstream
speed of the WAN line the WAN port is
connected to.
Connectivity check
You can key in an IP. The router will ping that IP
to verify if the WAN line can access the Internet.
You also can select “Ping Default Gateway”, and
the router will check if the WAN line is ok by ping
the default gateway of the WAN port.
Operation
If you select “Enable”, the WAN port will be
activated when the system boot up. If you select
38
“Backup”, the WAN port is disabled on start up.
But when other enabled WAN ports fail, the
backup WAN port will be activated and take over
all the traffic.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have
completed the configuration for the Telstra Big Pond connection. You can start using the router
now.
2.2.8 QoS
The QoS can let you classify Internet application traffic by source/destination IP, MAC
address and port number. You can assign priority for each type of application and reserve
bandwidth for it. The packets of applications with higher priority will always go first.
Lower priority applications will get bandwidth after higher priority applications get
enough bandwidth. This can let you have a better experience in using critical real time
services like Internet phone, video conference …etc. All the applications not specified by
you are classified as rule name “Others”. The rule with smaller priority number has
higher priority; the rule with larger priority number has lower priority. You can adjust the
priority of the rules by moving them up or down.
Note: If the total assigned bandwidth of higher priority applications is larger than
the maximum bandwidth provided by the WAN port, the other applications will not
get any bandwidth.
39
Parameters
Description
Enable/Disable QoS
You can check “Enable QoS” to enable QoS
function for the WAN port. You also can uncheck
“Enable QoS” to disable QoS function for the
WAN port.
Add a QoS rule into the table
Click “Add” then you will enter a form of the QoS
rule. Click “Apply” after filling out the form and
the rule will be added into the table.
Remove QoS rules from the table
If you want to remove some QoS rules from the
table, select the QoS rules you want to remove
in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If
you want remove all QoS rules from the table,
just click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will
clear your current selections.
Edit a QoS rule
Select the rule you want to edit and click “Edit”,
then you will enter the detail form of the QoS
rule. Click “Apply” after editing the form and the
rule will be saved.
Adjust QoS rule priority
You can select the rule and click “Move Up” to
make its priority higher. You also can select the
40
rule and click “Move Down” to make its priority
lower.
QoS Rule:
You can assign packet classification criteria by its source IP range, source MAC address,
destination IP range, traffic type, protocol, source port range and destination port range
parameters. The parameters that you leave as blank will be ignored. The priority of this rule will
be applied to packets that match classification criteria of this rule. You can limit bandwidth
consumed by packets that match this rule or guarantee bandwidth required by packets that match
this rule. You also can assign which WAN port that the packets matching this rule can go through.
Parameters
Description
Rule Name
The name of this rule.
WAN Port
Select the WAN ports that the packets matching
this rule can go through.
41
Bandwidth
You can assign the bandwidth by the unit of
Kbps (1024 bit per second). You can limit the
maximum bandwidth consumed by this rule by
selecting “Maximum”. You also can reserve
enough bandwidth for this rule by selecting
“Guarentee”.
Source Address
You can select IP or MAC address as the source
address criteria.
Source MAC Address
Enter the MAC address of the packet that this
rule will apply to.
Source IP Address
Enter the source IP address range of the
packets that this rule will apply to. If you assign
192.168.2.3 – 192.168.2.5, it means 3 IP
addresses: 192.168.2.3, 192.168.2.4 and
192.168.2.5
Destination IP Address
Enter the source IP address range of the
packets that this rule will apply to. If you assign
192.168.2.3 – 192.168.2.5, it means 3 IP
addresses: 192.168.2.3, 192.168.2.4 and
192.168.2.5
Traffic Type
Select the traffic type of the packets that this rule
will apply to. We list some popular applications
here to ease the configuration. You also can get
the same result by using other parameters, for
example source or destination port number, if
you are familiar with the application protocol.
Protocol
Select the protocol type of the packets that this
rule will apply to.
Source Port Range
Enter the source port range of the packets that
this rule will apply to. You can assign a single
port number here or assign a range of port
numbers by assigning the first port number and
the last port number of the range. The two
numbers are separated by a dash “-“, for
example “101-150” means from port number 100
to port number 150 – the range of 50 port
numbers.
Destination Port Range
Enter the destination port range of the packets
that this rule will apply to. You can assign a
single port number here or assign a range of
port numbers by assigning the first port number
and the last port number of the range. The two
numbers are separated by a dash “-“, for
example “101-150” means from port number 100
42
to port number 150 – the range of 50 port
numbers.
Apply
Apply and exit the form.
Reset
Clear the content of this form.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.2.9 DNS
A Domain Name System (DNS) server is like an index of IP addresses and Web addresses. If
you type a Web address into your browser, such as www.router.com, a DNS server will find that
name in its index and the matching IP address. Most ISPs provide a DNS server for speed and
convenience. If your Service Provider connects you to the Internet with dynamic IP settings, it is
likely that the DNS server IP address is provided automatically. However, if there is a DNS server
that you would rather use, you need to specify the IP address of that DNS server here.
Parameters
Description
43
Domain Name Server (DNS) address
This is the ISP’s DNS server IP address that
they gave you; or you can specify your own
preferred DNS server IP address
Secondary DNS Address (optional)
It is optional. You can enter another DNS
server’s IP address as a backup. The secondary
DNS will be used should the above DNS fail.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.2.10 DDNS
DDNS allows you to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address. You must get an
account, password and your static domain name from the DDNS service providers. You can
assign a DDNS server for each WAN port. This router supports some DDNS service providers,
for example DynDNS and TZO.
Parameters
WAN Port
Default
Description
Select the WAN port that you want to configure
the DDNS for
44
Enable/Disable
Disable
Enable/Disable the DDNS function of this router
Provider
DynDNS
Select a DDNS service provider
Domain name
Your static domain name that use DDNS
Account/E-mail
The account that your DDNS service provider
assigned to you
Password/Key
The password you set for the DDNS service
account above
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
45
2.3 LAN
The LAN Port screen below allows you to specify a private IP address for your router’s LAN ports
as well as a subnet mask for your LAN segment.
Parameters
Default
Description
LAN IP
IP address
192.168.2.1
This is the router’s LAN port IP address (Your
LAN clients default gateway IP address)
IP Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
Specify a Subnet Mask for your LAN segment
802.1d Spanning Tree Disabled
If 802.1d Spanning Tree function is enabled, this
router will use the spanning tree protocol to
prevent from network loop happened in the LAN
ports.
DHCP Server
You can enable or disable the DHCP server. By
enabling the DHCP server the router will
automatically give your LAN clients an IP
address. If the DHCP is not enabled then you’ll
have to manually set your LAN client’s IP
addresses; make sure the LAN Client is in the
Enabled
46
same subnet as this broadband router if you
want the router to be your LAN client’s default
gateway
Lease Time
The DHCP when enabled will temporarily give
your LAN clients an IP address. In the Lease
Time setting you can specify the time period that
the DHCP lends an IP address to your LAN
clients. The DHCP will change your LAN client’s
IP address when this time threshold period is
reached
IP Address Pool
You can select a particular IP address range for
your DHCP server to issue IP addresses to your
LAN Clients.
Note: By default the IP range is from: Start IP
192.168.2.100 to End IP 192.168.2.199. If you
want your PC to have a static/fixed IP address
then you’ll have to choose an IP address outside
this IP address Pool
Domain Name
You can specify a Domain Name for your LAN
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
47
2.4 NAT
Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users at your local site to access the Internet
through a single Public IP Address or multiple Public IP Addresses. NAT provides Firewall
protection from hacker attacks and has the flexibility to allow you to map Private IP Addresses to
Public IP Addresses for key services such as Websites and FTP. You also can disable NAT
function and use the static route.
Parameter
Description
Enable or Diable NAT
You can enable NAT to let the router provide IP
sharing function or disable NAT to use static route
function.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.4.1 Port Forwarding
The Port Forwarding allows you to re-direct a particular range of service port numbers (from the
Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address. It helps you to host some servers behind the
router NAT firewall.
Parameter
Description
Enable Port Forwarding
Enable Port Forwarding
Private IP
This is the private IP of the server behind the
NAT firewall.
Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a
fixed/static IP address for Port Forwarding to
work properly.
Type
This is the protocol type to be forwarded. You
can choose to forward “TCP” or “UDP” packets
only or select “both” to forward both “TCP” and
“UDP” packets.
Port Range
The range of ports to be forward to the private IP.
WAN Port
Assign the WAN port that requires port
forwarding. All the packets sending from this
WAN port with the assigned port range will be
directed to the assign private IP.
49
Comment
The description of this setting.
Add Port Forwarding into the table
Fill in the "Private IP", “Type”, “Port Range”,
“WAN Port” and "Comment" of the setting to be
added and then click "Add". Then this Port
Forwarding setting will be added into the
"Current Port Forwarding Table" below. If you
find any typo before adding it and want to retype
again, just click "Clear" and the fields will be
cleared.
Remove Port Forwarding into the table
If you want to remove some Port Forwarding
settings from the " Current Port Forwarding
Table", select the Port Forwarding settings you
want to remove in the table and then click
"Delete Selected". If you want remove all Port
Forwarding settings from the table, just click
"Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your
current selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.4.2 Virtual Server
Use the Virtual Server function when you want different servers/clients in your LAN to handle
different service/Internet application type (e.g. Email, FTP, Web server etc.) from the Internet.
Computers use numbers called port numbers to recognize a particular service/Internet application
type. The Virtual Server allows you to re-direct a particular service port number (from the
Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN private IP address and its service port number. (See
Glossary for an explanation on Port number)
Parameters
Description
Enable Virtual Server
Enable Virtual Server.
Private IP
This is the LAN client/host IP address that the Public Port
number packet will be sent to.
Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP
address for Virtual Server to work properly.
Private Port
This is the port number (of the above Private IP host) that the
below Public Port number will be changed to when the packet
enters your LAN (to the LAN Server/Client IP)
Type
Select the port number protocol type (TCP, UDP or both). If you
are unsure, then leave it to the default both protocol.
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Public Port
Enter the service (service/Internet application) port number
from the Internet that will be re-directed to the above Private IP
address host in your LAN
Note: Virtual Server function will have priority over the DMZ
function if there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the
DMZ settings.
WAN Port
Assign the WAN port that you want to bind to the virtual
server. All the packets sending from this WAN port with
the assigned public port will be directed to the assign
private IP and private port.
Comment
The description of this setting.
Add Virtual Server
Fill in the "Private IP", "Private Port", "Type", “Public
Port”, “WAN Port” and "Comment" of the setting to be
added and then click "Add". Then this Virtual Server
setting will be added into the "Current Virtual Server
Table" below. If you find any typo before adding it and
want to retype again, just click "Clear" and the fields will
be cleared.
Remove Virtual Server
If you want to remove some Virtual Server settings from
the " Current Virtual Server Table", select the Virtual
Server settings you want to remove in the table and then
click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all Virtual
Server settings from the table, just click "Delete All" button.
Click "Reset" will clear your current selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
Example: Virtual Server
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The diagram below demonstrates one of the ways you can use the Virtual Server function. Use
the Virtual Server when you want the web server located in your private LAN to be accessible to
Internet users from WAN 2. The configuration below means that any request coming form the
Internet to access your web server will be translated to your LAN’s web server (192.168.2.2).
Note: For the virtual server to work properly Internet/remote users must know your global IP
address of WAN 2. (For websites you will need to have a fixed/static global/public IP address or
use DDNS with dynamic IP and domain name mapping)
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2.4.3 Special Applications
Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet games, video conferencing,
Internet telephony and others. In this section you can configure the router to support multiple
connections for these types of applications.
Parameters
Description
Enable Trigger Port
Enable the Special Application function.
Trigger Port
This is the out going (Outbound) range of port numbers for this
particular application
Trigger Type
Select whether the outbound port protocol is “TCP”, “UDP” or
both.
Public Port
Enter the In-coming (Inbound) port or port range for this type of
application (e.g. 2300-2400, 47624)
Note: Individual port numbers are separated by a comma
(e.g. 47624, 5775, 6541 etc.). To input a port range use a “dash”
to separate the two port number range (e.g. 2300-2400)
Public Type
Select the Inbound port protocol type: “TCP”, “UDP” or both
54
Comment
The description of this setting.
Popular applications
This section lists the more popular applications that require
multiple connections. Select an application from the Popular
Applications selection. Once you have selected an application,
select a location (1-10) in the Copy to selection box and then
click the Copy to button. This will automatically list the Public
Ports required for this popular application in the location (1-10)
you’d specified.
Add Special Application
Fill in the "Trigger Port", "Trigger Type”, “Public Port”,
"Public Type", "Public Port" and "Comment" of the setting
to be added and then click "Add". Then this Special
Application setting will be added into the "Current TriggerPort Table" below. If you find any typo before adding it
and want to retype again, just click "Clear" and the fields
will be cleared.
If you want to add a popular application, select one
“Popular Application” and then click “Add”.
Remove Special Application If you want to remove some Special Application settings
from the " Current Trigger-Port Table", select the Special
Application settings you want to remove in the table and
then click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all
Special Application settings from the table, just click
"Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your current
selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
Example: Special Applications
If you need to run applications that require multiple connections, then specify the port (outbound)
normally associated with that application in the "Trigger Port" field. Then select the protocol type
(TCP or UDP) and enter the public ports associated with the trigger port to open them up for
inbound traffic.
Example:
ID
Trigger Port Trigger Type
Public Port
Public Type
Comment
1
28800
UDP
2300-2400, 47624
TCP
MSN Game Zone
2
6112
UDP
6112
UDP
Battle.net
In the example above, when a user trigger’s port 28800 (outbound) for MSN Game Zone then the
router will allow incoming packets for ports 2300-2400 and 47624 to be directed to that user.
Note: Only one LAN client can use a particular special application at a time.
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2.4.4 UPnP
With UPnP, all PCs in you Intranet will discover this router automatically. So you do not
have to do any configuration for your PC and can access the Internet through this router
easily.
Parameters
Default
Description
UPnP Feature
Disable
You can Enable or Disable UPnP feature here.
After you enable the UPnP feature, all client
systems that support UPnP, like Windows XP,
can discover this router automatically and
access the Internet through this router without
any configuration. The NAT Traversal function
provided by UPnP can let applications that
support UPnP smoothly connect to Internet sites
without any incompatibility problem due to the
NAPT port translation.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.4.5 Protocol and Port Binding
Protocol and Port Binding let you manually bind an application to a WAN port. Only
packets that match all the entered criteria will be bound to the assigned WAN port. You
can have to fill all the items. The items that you leave blank will be ignored.
Parameters
Description
Enable Protocol & Port Binding The “Protocol and Port Binding” function is default disabled. You
can select to enable the “Protocol and Port Binding” function.
Source IP Range
Only packets with this assigned source IP range will statically
bind to the assigned WAN port. If you assign 192.168.2.3 –
192.168.2.5, it means 3 IP addresses: 192.168.2.3, 192.168.2.4
and 192.168.2.5
Destination IP Range
Only packets with this assigned destination IP range will
statically bind to the assigned WAN port. If you assign
192.168.2.3 – 192.168.2.5, it means 3 IP addresses: 192.168.2.3,
192.168.2.4 and 192.168.2.5
Source Port Range
Only packets with this assigned source port range will statically
bind to the assigned WAN port.
Destination Port Range
Only packets with this assigned destination port range will
statically bind to the assigned WAN port.
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Protocol
Only packets with this assigned protocol will statically bind to the
assigned WAN port.
WAN Port
The WAN port that the packets matching this rule are statically
bound to.
Add a Rule
Fill in the "Source IP Range", "Destination IP Range”,
“Source Port Range”, "Destination Port Range", "Protocol"
or "WAN Port" of the setting to be added and then click
"Add". Then this rule of Protocol and Port Binding will be
added into the "Protocol and Port Binding Table" below. If
you find any typo before adding it and want to retype again,
just click "Clear" and the fields will be cleared.
Remove a Rule
If you want to remove some rule of Protocol and Port
Binding from the "Protocol and Port Binding Table", select
the rules you want to remove in the table and then click
"Delete Selected". If you want remove all rules from the
table, just click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will
clear your current selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.4.6 ALG Settings
You can select applications that need “Application Layer Gateway” to support.
Parameters
Enable
Default
Description
You can select to enable “Application Layer
Gateway”, then the router will let that
application correctly pass though the NAT
gateway.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.4.7 Static Routing
This router provides Static Routing function when NAT is disabled. With Static Routing,
the router can forward packets according to your routing rules.
Note: The DMZ function of firewall will not work if static routing is enabled.
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Parameter
Description
Enable Static Routing
Static Routing function is default disabled. You
have to enable the Static Routing function before
your routing rules take effect.
Destination LAN IP
The network address of destination LAN.
Subnet Mask
The subnet mask of destination LAN.
Default Gateway
The next stop gateway of the path toward the
destination LAN. This is the IP of the neighbor
router that this router should communicate with on
the path to the destination LAN.
Hop Count
The number of hops (routers) to pass through to
reach the destination LAN.
Interface
The interface that go to the next hop (router).
Add a Rule
Fill in the "Destination LAN IP", "Subnet Mask”,
“Default Gateway”, "Hop Count" and "Interface" of
the rule to be added and then click "Add". Then this
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rule of Static Routing will be added into the "Static
Routing Table" below. If you find any typo before
adding it and want to retype again, just click "Clear"
and the fields will be cleared.
Remove a Rule
If you want to remove some routing rules from the
"Static Routing Table", select the rules you want to
remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected".
If you want remove all rules from the table, just
click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear
your current selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.5 Firewall
The Broadband router provides extensive firewall protection by restricting connection parameters,
thus limiting the risk of hacker attack, and defending against a wide array of common Internet
attacks. However, for applications that require unrestricted access to the Internet, you can
configure a specific client/server as a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
Note: To enable the Firewall settings select Enable and click Apply
Parameters
Description
2.5.1 Access Control
Access Control allows you to specify which hosts users can or
cannot have access to certain Internet applications
2.5.2 URL Blocking
URL Blocking allow you to specify which URLs can not be
accessed by users.
2.5.3 DoS
The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker
attacks and can log the attack activities.
2.5.4 DMZ
The DMZ function allows you to re-direct all packets going to
your WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN.
Click on one of the firewall selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
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2.5.1 Access Control
If you want to restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services(e.g. Internet
websites, email, FTP etc.), then this is the place to set that configuration. Access Control allows
users to define the traffic type permitted in your LAN. You can control which PC client can have
access to these services.
Parameters
Description
Filter client PCs by IP
Fill “IP Filtering Table” to filter PC clients by IP.
Add PC
You can click Add PC to add an access control rule
for users by IP addresses.
Remove PC
If you want to remove some PC from the "IP
Filtering Table", select the PC you want to remove
in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you
want remove all PCs from the table, just click
"Delete All" button.
Filter client PC by MAC address Check “Enable MAC Filtering” to enable MAC
Filtering.
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Add PC
Fill in “Client PC MAC Address” and “Comment”
of the PC that is allowed to access the Internet, and
then click “Add”. If you find any typo before
adding it and want to retype again, just click
"Reset" and the fields will be cleared.
Remove PC
If you want to remove some PC from the "MAC
Filtering Table", select the PC you want to remove
in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you
want remove all PCs from the table, just click
"Delete All" button. If you want to clear the
selection and re-select again, just click “Reset”.
You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings
in place)
Add PC
Parameters
Client PC Description
Description
The description for this client PC rule.
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Client PC IP Address
Enter the IP address that you wish to apply this Access
Control rule. This is the user’s IP address that you wish
to setup an Access Control rule.
Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a
fixed/static IP address for the Access Control rule to
work properly.
Client PC Service
You can block the clients from accessing some
Internet services by checking the services you want
to block.
Protocol
This allows you to select UDP, TCP or both
protocol type you want to block.
Port Range
You can assign up to five port ranges. The router
will block clients from accessing Internet services
that use these ports.
Apply Changes
Click “Apply Changes” to save the setting.
Reset
Click “Reset” to clear all fields.
Click <Apply Changes> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can
now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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Example: Access Control
In the example below, LAN client A can only access websites that use Port 80. However, LAN
client B is able to access websites and any other service that uses ports between 80 and 999.
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2.5.2 URL Blocking
You can block access to some Web sites from particular PCs by entering a full URL
address or just keyword of the Web site.
Parameters
Description
Enable URL Blocking
Enable/disable URL Blocking
Add URL Keyword
Fill in “URL/Keyword” and then click “Add”. You
can enter the full URL address or the keyword of
the web site you want to block. If you find any typo
before adding it and want to retype again, just click
"Reset" and the field will be cleared.
Remove URL Keyword
If you want to remove some URL keyword from the
"Current URL Blocking Table", select the URL
keyword you want to remove in the table and then
click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all
URL keyword from the table, just click "Delete All"
button. If you want to clear the selection and reselect again, just click “Reset”.
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You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings
in place)
2.5.3 DoS (Denial of Service)
The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks, including Ping of Death,
Discard Ping from WAN, Port Scan, and Sync Flood. If Internet attacks occur the router can log
the events.
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Parameters
Description
Intrusion Detection Feature
Ping of Death
Protections from any Ping of Death attacks. If
you go to the advanced setting page, you can
configure the threshold of the frequency of
packets occurred.
Discard Ping From WAN
The router’s WAN port will not respond to any
Ping requests
Port Scan
Protection from any Port Scan attacks. If you go
to the advanced setting page, you can configure
the pattern of Port Scan you want to prevent.
Sync Flood
Protection from any Sync Flood attacks. If you
go to the advanced setting page, you can
configure the threshold of the frequency of
packets occurred.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.5.4 DMZ
If you have a local client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e.g. Games) properly from
behind the NAT firewall, then you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way Internet access
by defining a DMZ Host. The DMZ function allows you to re-direct all packets going to your WAN
port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN. The difference between the virtual server
and the DMZ function is that the virtual server re-directs a particular service/Internet application
(e.g. FTP, websites) to a particular LAN client/server, whereas DMZ re-directs all packets
(regardless of services) going to your WAN IP address to a particular LAN client/server.
Note: DMZ function works only when the NAT function is enabled.
Parameters
Enable DMZ
Description
Enable/disable DMZ
Note: If there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the
DMZ setting, then Virtual Server function will have priority over
the DMZ function.
WAN Port
The WAN port that the local client PC IP will bind to
Public IP Address
The IP address of the WAN port or any other Public IP
addresses given to you by your ISP. The WAN port may use
dynamic IP or static IP given by your ISP. If your ISP give you
more than one dynamic IP addresses, you have to assign the
session number that you want to apply.
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Client PC IP Address
Input the IP address of a particular host in your LAN that will
receive all the packets originally going to the WAN port/Public IP
address above
Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP
address for DMZ to work properly.
Add DMZ
Fill in the "WAN Port", "Public IP Address” and “Client IP
Address” of the DMZ to be added and then click "Add".
Then this DMZ entry will be added into the "DMZ Table"
below. If you find any typo before adding it and want to
retype again, just click "Clear" and the fields will be cleared.
Remove DMZ
If you want to remove some DMZ from the "DMZ Table",
select the DMZ entries you want to remove in the table and
then click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all DMZ
entries from the table, just click "Delete All" button. Click
"Reset" will clear your current selections.
You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings
in place)
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Chapter 3
Status
The Status section allows you to monitor the current status of your router. You can use the Status
page to monitor: the connection status of the Broadband Router's WAN/LAN interfaces, the
current firmware and hardware version numbers, any illegal attempts to access your network, and
information on all DHCP client PCs currently connected to your network.
Parameters
Description
3.1 Status and Information
Shows the router’s system information
3.2 Internet Connection
View the Broadband router’s current Internet connection status
and other related information
3.3 Device Status
View the Broadband router’s current setting status
3.4 System Log
View the Broadband router’s system log
3.5 Security Log
View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access
to your network.
3.6 Active DHCP Client
View your LAN client's information that is currently linked to the
Broadband router's DHCP server
3.7 Statistics
View the statistics
Select one of the above five Status selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
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3.1 Status and Information
The Status and Information section allows you to view the router’s system information
Parameters
Description
Information
You can see the router’s system information such as the router’s:
Hardware version, Boot code Version, Runtime code Version
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3.2 Internet Connection
View the Broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related information
Parameters
Description
Internet Connection
This page displays whether the WAN ports are connected to
Cable/DSL connections. It also displays the router’s WAN port:
WAN IP address, Subnet Mask, and ISP Gateway as well as
the Primary DNS and Secondary DNS being used.
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3.3 Device Status
View the Broadband router’s current configuration settings. The Device Status displays the
configuration settings you’ve configured in the Quick Setup Wizard/General Setup section.
Parameters
Description
Device Status
This page shows the Broadband router’s current device settings.
This page displays the Broadband router LAN port’s current LAN
IP Address and Subnet Mask. It also shows whether the DHCP
Server.
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3.4 System Log
View the operation log of the system.
Parameters
Description
System Log
This page shows the current system log of the Broadband router.
It displays any event occurred after system start up.
At the bottom of the page, the system log can be saved <Save>
to a local file for further processing or the system log can be
cleared <Clear> or it can be refreshed <Refresh> to get the
most updated situation. When the system is powered down, the
system log will disappear if not saved to a local file.
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3.5 Security Log
View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access to your network.
Parameters
Description
Security Log
This page shows the current security log of the Broadband router.
It displays any illegal attempts to access your network.
At the bottom of the page, the security log can be saved <Save>
to a local file for further processing or the security log can be
cleared <Clear> or it can be refreshed <Refresh> to get the
most updated situation. When the system is powered down, the
security log will disappear if not saved to a local file.
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3.6 Active DHCP Client
View your LAN client's information that is currently linked to the Broadband router's DHCP server
Parameters
Description
DHCP Client Log
This page shows all DHCP clients (LAN PCs) currently
connected to your network. The “Active DHCP Client Table”
displays the IP address and the MAC address and Time Expired
of each LAN Client. Use the Refresh button to get the most
updated situation
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3.7 Statistics
View the statistics of packets sent and received on each WAN and LAN interface.
Parameters
Statistics
Description
Shows the counters of packets sent and received on WAN and
LAN.
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Chapter 4
Tool
This page includes the basic configuration tools, such as Configuration Tools (save or restore
configuration settings), Firmware Upgrade (upgrade system firmware) and Reset.
Parameters
Description
4.1 Configuration Tools
You can save the router’s current configuration, restore the
router’s saved configuration files and restore the router’s factory
default settings
4.2 Firmware Upgrade
This page allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware
4.3 Reset
You can reset the router’s system should any problem exist
Select one of the above three Tools Settings selection and proceed to the manual’s relevant
sub-section
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4.1 Configuration Tools
The Configuration Tools screen allows you to save (Backup) the router’s current configuration
setting. Saving the configuration settings provides an added protection and convenience should
problems occur with the router and you have to reset to factory default. When you save the
configuration setting (Backup) you can re-load the saved configuration into the router through the
Restore selection. If extreme problems occur you can use the Restore to Factory Defaults
selection, this will set all configurations to its original default settings (e.g. when you first
purchased the router).
Parameters
Description
Configuration Tools
Use the "Backup" tool to save the Broadband router current
configuration to a file named "config.bin" on your PC. You can
then use the "Restore" tool to restore the saved configuration to
the Broadband router. Alternatively, you can use the "Restore to
Factory Defaults" tool to force the Broadband router to perform
a power reset and restore the original factory settings.
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4.2 Firmware Upgrade
This page allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware
Parameters
Description
Firmware Upgrade
This tool allows you to upgrade the Broadband router’s system
firmware. To upgrade the firmware of your Broadband router,
you need to download the firmware file to your local hard disk,
and enter that file name and path in the appropriate field on this
page. You can also use the Browse button to find the firmware
file on your PC.
Once you’ve selected the new firmware file, click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to start the
upgrade process. (You may have to wait a few minutes for the upgrade to complete). Once the
upgrade is complete you can start using the router.
4.3 Reset
You can reset the router’s system should any problem exist. The reset function essentially
Re-boots your router’s system
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Parameters
Description
Reset
In the event that the system stops responding correctly or in
some way stops functioning, you can perform a reset. Your
settings will not be changed. To perform the reset, click on the
<APPLY> button. You will be asked to confirm your decision.
The reset will be complete when the power light stops blinking.
Once the reset process is complete you may start using the
router again.
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Appendix A
How to Manually find your PC’s IP and MAC address
1) In Window’s open the Command Prompt program
2) Type Ipconfig /all and <enter>
•
•
•
Your PC’s IP address is the one entitled IP address (192.168.1.77)
The router’s IP address is the one entitled Default Gateway (192.168.1.254)
Your PC’s MAC Address is the one entitled Physical Address (00-50-FC-FE-02-DB)
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Glossary
Default Gateway (Router): Every non-router IP device needs to configure a default gateway’s IP
address. When the device sends out an IP packet, if the destination is not on the same network,
the device has to send the packet to its default gateway, which will then send it out towards the
destination.
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This protocol automatically gives every computer
on your home network an IP address.
DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System, which allows Internet servers to
have a domain name (such as www.Broadbandrouter.com) and one or more IP addresses (such
as 192.34.45.8). A DNS server keeps a database of Internet servers and their respective domain
names and IP addresses, so that when a domain name is requested (as in typing
"Broadbandrouter.com" into your Internet browser), the user is sent to the proper IP address. The
DNS server IP address used by the computers on your home network is the location of the DNS
server your ISP has assigned to you.
DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. A DSL modem uses your existing phone
lines to transmit data at high speeds.
Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. Ethernet networks are connected by special cables
and hubs, and move data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second (Mbps).
Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that after there is no traffic to the Internet for a preconfigured amount of time, the connection will automatically be disconnected.
IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address consists
of a series of four numbers separated by periods, that identifies a single, unique Internet
computer host in an IP network. Example: 192.168.2.1. It consists of 2 portions: the IP network
address, and the host identifier.
The IP address is a 32-bit binary pattern, which can be represented as four cascaded decimal
numbers separated by “.”: aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa, where each “aaa” can be anything from 000 to 255,
or as four cascaded binary numbers separated by “.”: bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb,
where each “b” can either be 0 or 1.
A network mask is also a 32-bit binary pattern, and consists of consecutive leading
1’s followed by consecutive trailing 0’s, such as
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000. Therefore sometimes a network mask can also be
described simply as “x” number of leading 1’s.
When both are represented side by side in their binary forms, all bits in the IP address that
correspond to 1’s in the network mask become part of the IP network address, and the remaining
bits correspond to the host ID.
For example, if the IP address for a device is, in its binary form,
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000111, and if its network mask is,
11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000
It means the device’s network address is
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000000, and its host ID is,
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000111. This is a convenient and efficient method for routers
to route IP packets to their destination.
ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). The ISP Gateway Address is an IP address for
the Internet router located at the ISP's office.
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ISP: Internet Service Provider. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the Internet for
individuals and other businesses or organizations.
LAN: Local Area Network. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected together in a
relatively small area (such as a house or an office). Your home network is considered a LAN.
MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware address
of a device connected to a network. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a device with an
Ethernet interface. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes of data that corresponds to the
Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer), plus 3 bytes that are often used as the product’s
serial number.
NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your home
network to use one IP address. Using the broadband router’s NAT capability, you can access the
Internet from any computer on your home network without having to purchase more IP addresses
from your ISP.
Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network
application/protocol over another. Below is a list of common applications and protocol/port
numbers:
Application
Protocol Port Number
Telnet
TCP
23
FTP
TCP
21
SMTP
TCP
25
POP3
TCP
110
H.323
TCP
1720
SNMP
UCP
161
SNMP Trap
UDP
162
HTTP
TCP
80
PPTP
TCP
1723
PC Anywhere TCP
5631
PC Anywhere UDP
5632
PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure data
transmission method originally created for dial-up connections; PPPoE is for Ethernet
connections. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards, Ethernet and the Point-to-Point
Protocol. It is a communications protocol for transmitting information over Ethernet between
different manufacturers
Protocol: A protocol is a set of rules for interaction agreed upon between multiple parties so that
when they interface with each other based on such a protocol, the interpretation of their behavior
is well defined and can be made objectively, without confusion or misunderstanding.
Router: A router is an intelligent network device that forwards packets between different
networks based on network layer address information such as IP addresses.
Subnet Mask: A subnet mask, which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided by your
ISP, is a set of four numbers (e.g. 255.255.255.0) configured like an IP address. It is used to
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create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as opposed to valid IP address
numbers recognized by the Internet, which must be assigned by InterNIC).
TCP/IP, UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable Datagram
Protocol (UDP). TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the Internet. Both TCP
and UDP are transport layer protocol. TCP performs proper error detection and error recovery,
and thus is reliable. UDP on the other hand is not reliable. They both run on top of the IP (Internet
Protocol), a network layer protocol.
WAN: Wide Area Network. A network that connects computers located in geographically
separate areas (e.g. different buildings, cities, countries). The Internet is a wide area network.
Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a graphical
user interface that is based on the web browser. This means the user can use the familiar
Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to Control/configure or monitor the device being managed.
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