Axis 20443R2 User`s manual

AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera
User’s Manual
AXIS 230 User’s Manual
About This Document
USA - This equipment has been tested and found to comply
This manual is intended for administrators and operators
of the AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera, and is
applicable for firmware release 3.10. Later versions of the
document will be posted to the Axis Web site, as required.
with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15
of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation.
Previous experience of networking will be of use when
installing and using this product.
- The AXIS 230 fulfills the requirements for
radiated emission according to limit B of EN55022:1998. This
applies when using the internal microphone or an external
line input, but not when using an external microphone.
Safety Notices Used in This Manual
Caution! - Indicates a potential hazard that can damage
the product.
Important! - Indicates a hazard that can seriously impair
Do not proceed beyond any of the above notices until you
have fully understood the implications.
Legal Considerations
Camera surveillance may be prohibited by laws that vary
from country to country. Check the laws in your local
region before using the AXIS 230 for surveillance.
The AXIS 230 uses MPEG-2 compression, which is
technology licensed by the MPEG Consortium. The AXIS
230 includes 3 viewer licenses. The installation of more
than 3 instances of the viewer requires you to purchase
further licenses. Please contact your Axis reseller.
Intellectual Property Rights
Axis AB has intellectual property rights relating to
technology embodied in the product described in this
document. In particular, and without limitation, these
intellectual property rights may include one or more of
the patents listed at and
one or more additional patents or pending patent
applications in the US and other countries.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is
no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio
or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged
to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures: Re-orient or relocate the receiving
antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment
and receiver. Connect the equipment to an outlet on a
different circuit to the receiver. Consult your dealer or an
experienced radio/TV technician for help. Shielded (STP)
must Quick
be used User’s
with thisGuide
unit to ensure
compliance with EMC standards.
Every care has been taken in the preparation of this manual.
Please inform your local Axis office of any inaccuracies or
omissions. Axis Communications AB cannot be held responsible
for any technical or typographical errors and reserves the right
to make changes to the product and manuals without prior
notice. Axis Communications AB makes no warranty of any
kind with regard to the material contained within this
document, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Axis
Communications AB shall not be liable nor responsible for
incidental or consequential damages in connection with the
furnishing, performance or use of this material.
Trademark Acknowledgments
Acrobat, Adobe, Boa, Ethernet, IBM, Internet Explorer, LAN
Manager, Linux, Macintosh, Microsoft, Netscape Navigator,
OS/2, UNIX, Windows, WWW are registered trademarks of the
respective holders. Java and all Java-based trademarks and
logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun
Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries.
Axis Communications AB is independent of Sun
Microsystems Inc.
Axis Support Services
Visit the Axis Support Web at
AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera User’s
Revision 1.1
Part Number: 20443r1
Dated: May 2006
Copyright © Axis Communications AB,
AXIS 230 User’s Manual
Table Of Contents
Safety Notice - Battery Replacement 5
Introduction 6
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Product Description 9
AXIS 230 - Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
AXIS 230 - Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Hardware Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Installing the AXIS 230 11
Installation using AXIS IP Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Manual Installation with ARP and Ping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Client System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
The AXIS Media Control (Viewing Client) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Accessing the AXIS 230 from Internet Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Configuring audio equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Operating the AXIS 230 15
Accessing and logging on to the AXIS 230 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Access from a browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
The Live View Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
The Setup Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Video Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Audio Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Live View Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Events and Event Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Upload Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Notification Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Port Status & Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
The System Options 29
Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Firewall Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Date & Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
TCP/IP Network Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
SMTP (email) Network Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
RTP (Multicast) Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Ports & Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
AXIS 230 User’s Manual
Support - Logs & Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
The Factory Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Appendix A - Troubleshooting 39
Pinging Your IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Appendix B - Updating the Firmware 43
Update via FTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Emergency Recovery Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Appendix C - Customizing The AXIS 230 45
Modifying the File System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Configuration via FTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Custom Web Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Appendix D - Unit Connections 49
The D-Sub Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
The Terminal Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Connecting Pan/Tilt Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Controlling and Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Appendix E - Audio Settings 54
Appendix F - Technical Specifications 55
Appendix G - Bandwidth 57
The Video Quality Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Video Quality vs. Bit Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Index 59
Glossary of Terms 62
AXIS 230
Safety Notice - Battery Replacement
Safety Notice - Battery Replacement
The AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera uses a 3.0V CR2032 Lithium battery as the power
supply for its internal real-time clock (RTC). This battery will, under normal conditions, last
for a minimum of 5 years. Low battery power affects the operation of the RTC, causing it to
reset at every power-up.
The battery should not be replaced unless required!
If the battery does need replacing, please observe the following points:
•Danger of Explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced!
•Replace only with the same or equivalent battery, as recommended by the manufacturer.
•Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions.
AXIS 230
The AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera combines the features of a high quality network
camera containing a built-in zoom with the functionality of a powerful video server, thus
providing video and audio streams over IP networks. With its day/night functionality, the
AXIS 230 provides quality video 24 hours a day.
The AXIS 230 provides real-time compression and transmission of a DVD-quality MPEG-2
video and audio stream over TCP/IP networks. A video stream from the AXIS 230 using no
audio requires approximately a third of the bandwidth required by a Motion-JPEG stream
of equivalent quality.
When viewing multimedia content (video and audio) in a browser on a network, various
technologies and protocols are employed to supply the content. The video and audio
streams are transmitted either as unicast, where communication is between a single sender
and a single recipient, or as multicast, which is communication between a single sender
and multiple recipients. Multicasting is an excellent way to save on bandwidth.
The AXIS 230 is a complete hardware and
software solution that includes all the
required networking connectivity for
distributing multimedia content over the
network. The built-in web server provides
its own application page for direct viewing
of the video stream, as well as full
web-based control of the management and
configuration functions. All of this can be
accessed from a browser over the network.
Features and Benefits
Powerful Camera Features - The AXIS 230 is
based on a color camera block that
includes a built-in 18x optical zoom lens,
and day/night functionality for low light
The AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera
conditions, including locations lit by
IR-illumination. For Pan/Tilt control, the
camera is equipped with built-in support for RS232/485 and comes complete with the
main Axis PT drivers. For direct local monitoring, the camera is also equipped with an
analog composite video output.
AXIS 230
Superior Imaging - The MPEG-2 video stream can be viewed on a LAN by up to 3 standard
(unicast) clients, or by unlimited numbers of multicast clients. Full frame rate (25/30
frames per second) is assured, provided the required bandwidth is available. Four different
image resolutions up to 720x576 (PAL) / 520x480 (NTSC) are available, and the video
quality is configurable to 7 different levels. Each client (unicast or multicast) viewing the
media stream requires its own license. Further licenses may be purchased from your
Audio functionality - The AXIS 230 supports uni-directional audio, from the camera to the
viewer and is supplied with an integrated mono microphone. Also provided is an audio
input, for connecting an external microphone or other source producing an amplified
signal. The Audio Level alarm will alert remote operators in the event that sound is
detected above a user-defined level.
Event functionality - Events can be triggered via either of the two alarm inputs, or via the
Audio Level Alarm. The actions preformed by events are configured via the settings in the
web interface, and can include the remote storage of MPEG-2 video recordings to FTP
servers, and/or the activation of external devices through the available relay output. It is
also possible to enable a pre-alarm video buffer, allowing up to 1 minute of video to be
buffered in the server and transmitted when the event occurs. Users can also be notified of
events by email.
Security - Multi-user and multi-level password protection. Administrators can create and
modify accounts for authorized users, as well as allow anonymous viewing. The built-in
firewall provides IP address filtering, thus preventing unauthorized access.
AXIS 230
The AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera can be used in a wide range of surveillance and
monitoring applications, and is the perfect choice where an application requires a
high-quality video and audio stream to be distributed at a fixed frame rate over a local
area network (LAN). The AXIS 230 can also upload video sequences to FTP servers.
With direct access from your browser, you can view live video, and manage and control
the camera at any time, from anywhere on the network.
The AXIS 230 is designed to meet user requirements for applications such as:
Traffic monitoring
Airport security
Casino monitoring
LAN-based remote learning
AXIS 230
Product Description
Product Description
Read the following information to familiarize yourself with the AXIS 230, making
particular note of where the connectors and indicators are located.
AXIS 230 - Front
Screw-in ceiling mount
Swivel head
Built-in zoom lens
The Status LED shows steady green for normal
operation, or red for errors
The internal microphone
AXIS 230 - Rear Panel
Reset Button - Press to restore
the factory default settings, as
described on page 38.
Video Out - Standard BNC connector
allowing direct monitoring of the camera’s image.
Terminal Block
Provides the physical interfaces to one transistor
output, two digital inputs, RS-485 and GND. Used
for connecting external devices typically associated
with CCTV equipment. See also page 49.
Indicator LEDs - The Power LED shows steady
green for normal operation, or flashes green or
is unlit for a malfunction in the power supply.
It also flashes amber during a firmware
upgrade. The Network LED flashes
amber/green for 10/100Mbps network, or solid
red for no network connection. An unlit indicator denotes no activity. The Audio indicator
flashes green when audio is transmitted.
RS-232 Serial Connector - For
connecting Pan/Tilt devices, etc.
RJ45 Network Connector 10BaseT or 100BaseTX Ethernet.
Audio in - Connects an external
microphone or other audio device.
Power - connect the PS-K
power adapter here.
Product Description
AXIS 230
Hardware Inventory
Check the items supplied with your AXIS 230 against the following list:
Network Camera
AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera
Power Supply (PS-K)
Camera stand
Mounting bracket
Terminal Connectors
License letter
Warranty Document
This Document
AXIS 230 Network Camera User’s
Disk Media
AXIS Product CD 1.2 (or later)
Note that this is packed under the moulded insert containing the camera
The power supply for the AXIS 230 is country-specific. Please check the type you are using is
AXIS 230
Installing the AXIS 230
Installing the AXIS 230
This section is intended for use by the product administrator. Operators and viewers should
read Operating the AXIS 230, on page 15.
Installation using AXIS IP Utility
• Although it may be possible to use the AXIS 230’s default IP address, please consult
your network administrator to obtain a suitable IP address for your network/subnet.
• Although no special privileges are required for Windows XP Home, you will need Administrator privileges for Windows 2000 and XP Professional. UNIX systems require Root privileges.
AXIS IP Utility is a software application that quickly and simply installs an Axis device
onto your local network. Download the latest version, free of charge, from
1. Connect an Ethernet cable to the AXIS 230 and attach it to the network.
2. Connect power to the camera.
3. Start AXIS IP Utility. The following window appears:
4. In the first field, enter the serial number found on the
label on the underside of the unit (see the illustration
5. Enter the IP address for the AXIS 230 and click Set
IP. The utility now prompts you to restart the camera
and then displays a message confirming that the IP
address has been set. To view the camera’s home
page, click the button provided. Configure the remaining network parameters from the
setup tools.
Manual Installation with ARP and Ping
As an alternative to the AXIS IP Utility, the AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera can be
installed using the ARP and Ping commands, as described below.
1. Locate the label (see right) containing the
product’s serial number. You must know this to set
the IP address.
2. Connect a network cable to the AXIS 230 and
attach it to the network.
Serial number equals
MAC/Ethernet address
3. From a Windows computer on your network, open a Command Prompt and enter the
commands shown below.
Installing the AXIS 230
AXIS 230
c:\WINNT>arp -s 00-40-8c-18-10-00
c:\WINNT>ping ping -l 408 -t
For Unix/Linux, enter the following: (note that you must be the root user.)
Example (for Linux):
>arp -s 00:40:8c:18:10:00 temp
>ping -s 408
In some Unix/Linux systems, the arp command can be located in a directory that is not
on the command path; e.g: /usr/sbin/arp
4. Now connect power to the camera. No more than 2 minutes should have elapsed since
the ARP command was run. Text similar to the following is then displayed in the
c:\WINNT>arp -s 00-40-8c-18-10-00
c:\WINNT>ping -l 408 -t
Pinging with 408 bytes of data:
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Reply from bytes=408 time<10ms TTL=64
Reply from bytes=408 time<10ms TTL=64
5. Press Ctrl+C to stop Ping. Ensure that the Power Indicator is permanently lit and that
the Network Indicator flashes intermittently. The IP address has been set. You can now
access the camera and set other parameters from the setup tools. Please see page 14.
Client System Requirements
Client computers that will be viewing the video stream from the AXIS 230 should meet the
following recommended hardware and software requirements:
• Pentium III (1.0 GHz processor or better) or AMD Athlon. 256 MB RAM.
• AGP graphics card with 32/64 MB video memory and support for DirectDraw®. Ensure that
the latest available driver is used.
• Sound Card (PCI based.)
• Windows® 2000 or Windows XP (with latest Service Pack.)
• Internet Explorer 5.5 or higher (with latest Service Pack.)
• DirectX® (latest version.)
• A media player (only required for viewing saved MPEG-2 files.)
AXIS 230
Installing the AXIS 230
The AXIS Media Control (Viewing Client)
To view the video stream from the AXIS 230 in a browser, the AXIS Media Control must be
installed. This is performed automatically the first time the camera is accessed from a
browser. Simply accept the license agreement displayed in the setup window and the client
will install. After the installation has completed, restart your computer, if required.
The AXIS Media Control employs MPEG-2 technology, the use of which is licensed by the
MPEG Consortium.
• The AXIS 230 employs MPEG-2 compression, which is technology licensed by the MPEG Consortium.
3 viewer licenses are included with the product. The installation of more than 3 instances of the
viewer requires you to purchase further licenses. Please contact your Axis reseller.
• To allow the installation of the AXIS Media Control on your workstation, you must have administrator privileges. Your browser must also be set to allow the installation of signed ActiveX controls. This
is the default setting in Internet Explorer.
• A viewing license may be used for multicast or unicast clients, but each individual client requires a
separate license.
• No more than 3 unicast clients can view the video stream at any one time, no matter how many
viewing licences are installed.
After the client is installed, there will be a new icon in the Windows Control Panel.
Clicking on this icon opens the Control Applet for the AXIS Media Control, from where
various settings can be changed. Please see the readme file included in the tool for more
The AXIS Media Control can be uninstalled from the Windows Control Panel.
Installing the AXIS 230
AXIS 230
Accessing the AXIS 230 from Internet Explorer
Start your browser and enter the IP address of the AXIS
230 in the location/address field. The first time the
camera is accessed, there will be no need to log in.
The Live View page opens, allowing you to
proceed with the product’s configuration, by
clicking on the Setup link.
Upon delivery, the AXIS 230 is supplied with one pre-configured Administrator user name and password,
set to root and pass, respectively. The Administrator password should be changed as soon as possible, to
prevent unauthorized access to the setup tools and/or the video stream.
Configuring audio equipment
The internal microphone or other audio equipment should now be configured:
1. From the setup tools, open the Audio settings page and check the Enable box.
2. Select the input you connected your external equipment to (external line or external
mic), or select Internal Microphone. Note that this is the logical connector. All of these
options connect via the Audio In connector on the rear panel.
3. Some microphone types require their own (external) voltage supply to operate
correctly. These types are condenser microphones and Electret microphones. If using
one of these types of microphone, and it is not battery powered, check the box
External Mic Power. This option should not be enabled when using a dynamic or
battery powered microphone, as this will result in decreased sound quality.
4. Set the desired audio quality, and set the Mic Input Sensitivity according to your
microphone. Click Save and then return to the Live View page to check that audio is
available. See also the audio settings section on page 20.
AXIS 230
Operating the AXIS 230
Operating the AXIS 230
This section is intended mainly for system Operators, that is, personnel responsible for
using the AXIS 230 as part of e.g. an integrated surveillance system or similar. Product
Administrators will also find this section useful reading. The following topics are covered:
accessing the AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Network Camera
editing audio and video settings
changing the layout of the Live View page
adding and modifying event types and upload servers
checking port and device status.
For more information on configuring the AXIS 230 at the Administrator level, please refer
to The System Options, on page 29.
Accessing and logging on to the AXIS 230
The AXIS 230 allows several levels of access and generally requires the user to log on. The
various access levels allow different degrees of control and some options/controls are not
available at all levels.
An operator will have access to the camera’s Live view page, as well as certain other
functions and controls - in short, everything not included in the System Options, which are
only available to administrators.
The only exception to the logon requirement is if the camera has been configured to allow
anonymous viewing access and an anonymous user connects.
Your system administrator has installed the AXIS 230 on your network and tailored the functions of the
system to meet your specific needs. Consequently, the examples provided here may differ from those
displayed in your system. Any problems with your application should be referred to your system administrator.
Operating the AXIS 230
AXIS 230
Access from a browser
The video stream and the setup tools in the AXIS 230 can be accessed using Microsoft
Internet Explorer 5.5 or higher on Windows 2000 or Windows XP.
Follow the instructions below to access your images:
1. Start Internet Explorer.
2. Enter the name or IP address of the AXIS 230 into the Address field:
The Live View page, similar to the example shown below, is now displayed.
To view the MPEG-2 video stream in Microsoft Internet Explorer, the AXIS Media Control must
be installed onto your computer. This will be performed automatically the first time the camera is
accessed. Internet Explorer should be set to allow signed ActiveX controls.
The Live View Page
The page available to all user levels when accessing the AXIS 230 is known as the Live
View page. This page displays a live MPEG-2 video stream, which can be viewed
simultaneously by up to 3 unicast clients, or by many more multicast clients.
Setup tools
Autofocus button
Focus bar
Zoom bar
Volume slider
Full screen (Esc to cancel)
Please see the
following page
for information
on Pan, Tilt and
Zoom controls.
AXIS 230
Operating the AXIS 230
Positional Control of the Video Source
Pan/Tilt devices connected to the AXIS 230’s ports can be controlled directly from the web
interface, or by third-party applications. When using such a device, Pan and Tilt bars are
automatically displayed, as shown in the example below. Note that the selected Pan/Tilt
driver determines the actual layout of the controls. Other functions, not shown here, may
also be available.
Focus bar
Allows smooth focusing.
Point and click to move the
view to a new location.
Auto button
Turns on automatic focusing.
Zoom bar
Allows smooth camera zoom between
telescopic and wide viewing.
Select Preset Position
To enable quick and accurate camera positioning, up
to 20 preset camera positions can be set and
selected at any time from
the drop-down dialog.
Tilt bar
Allows smooth or
stepped vertical panning of the camera.
Home (H)
Returns the camera
to the ‘Home’ position.
Pan bar
Allows smooth or stepped horizontal panning of the camera.
Notes: •Pan/Tilt controls can be disabled in the Live View layout settings and might not be available in the
user interface.
•Clicking anywhere on a bar’s gradient allows for a “smooth” adjustment; whereas clicking on the
left or right arrows causes a stepped incremental change.
The Setup Tools
Clicking on the Setup link at the top left of the Live View page opens the Basic
Configuration page, which provides links to the basic settings required by most systems.
The settings found in the Basic Configuration section are described under the relevant
section in the following pages.
Operating the AXIS 230
AXIS 230
Video Settings
The AXIS 230’s video settings, as described below, may or may not need adjustment.
• Resolution - the available video resolutions for the AXIS 230 are listed in the table below. The
exact resolution will depend on the modulation type - PAL or NTSC. See also the Technical
Specifications, on page 55.
When using the resolution 2CIF, the image in Live View is rescaled to 4CIF. The image appears the
same, but uses less bandwidth than 4CIF. When saving snapshots in 2CIF, these are saved at the
original resolution of 720x240 (NTSC) / 720x288 (PAL).
• Color - Select either Color or Black & White. Black & White will provide sharper images at a
lower bandwidth than Color.
• Quality level - This setting determines the quality of the video stream, which in turn affects
the amount of bandwidth used. 1 is the lowest level and 7 the highest. See also Bandwidth, on
page 57.
• White Balance - This can be described as the reference color against which all other colors in
an image are compared. The white balancing system in the camera automatically detects
white colors in any image and uses these intelligently as a reference for other colors. Note
that the white balancing system will not operate effectively in certain situations. Problems
generally occur if the image contains no white at all, or if the dominant color is something
other than white. In these circumstances, using a fixed white balance mode is recommended.
Please see the camera’s online help for more information.
• Shutter speed - This parameter defines the exposure period for each image. Use a high shutter
speed only if the image subject is expected to be moving quickly; otherwise, Auto or a slow
speed will normally suffice.
• Brightness - Determine the brightness for your images in the range 0-15; where a low level
setting produces darker images, and a high level produces brighter images. Select Auto to set
automatic control, or set a value from 0 to 15, where 15 is the maximum brightness.
• Backlight compensation - To get good quality video of a subject in the foreground and when
the background is strongly lit, the back-lighting must be compensated for. Set this to On.
• Sharpness - Defines a level of differentiation between light and dark areas within the image.
Corresponding higher levels of sharpness provide for sharper images, but also cause the image
compression to be more complex. Consequently, the file size of a sharp image can be significantly greater than an image that is less sharp. The setting may be made in the range 0-15.
AXIS 230
Operating the AXIS 230
• Max Digital Zoom - To prevent distortion of the video stream when zooming, set a maximum
value for the digital zoom. This ensures that you always get video of a certain minimum
defined quality.
• Focus Near Limit - This setting is useful when the camera is mounted e.g. behind glass in an
outdoor enclosure. In certain circumstances, e.g. when rain or snow falls on the glass, the
auto-focus function may attempt to refocus on this new element in the image. To prevent this
phenomenon, set the focus near limit to a value greater than the distance at which disturbances are likely to occur.
• Mirror - To flip the image horizontally 180 degrees, set this to On.
• IR Illumination - If the camera is placed in a very dark location without lighting or is used at
night, the autofocus function will not find anything to focus on and will repeatedly attempt to
focus the camera, thus causing unnecessary wear on the focusing motor. Under normal circumstances, this is prevented by the built-in autofocus protection, but if using infrared (IR)
illumination in a dark location, then the camera should behave as if the scene was lit normally,
and the autofocus protection will not be necessary. Set the parameter to the correct setting
for your application. Note that the AXIS 230 is intended for use in day and night situations,
and will thus function well in very dark conditions, even when not using IR illumination.
Advanced Settings
The advanced settings allow the structure of the MPEG-2 video stream to be modified. The
GOP (Group of Pictures) can take 3 forms - IBBP, IBP and IP. These forms describe the type
of pictures included in the stream and also their internal order. An I-picture is a complete
image, a P-image is the predicted difference between this image and a preceding I or
P-picture, and a B-picture is a comparison with both earlier and later pictures.
Please note that changing this setting is likely to affect the amount of bandwidth required
by the video stream, as well as the perceived latency. These settings should only be
changed by experienced users.
Operating the AXIS 230
AXIS 230
Audio Settings
The AXIS 230 provides a fully synchronized audio stream at up to CD quality. The
following settings are available:
• Quality - Select the bit rate and sample rate to use. Generally speaking, the higher the setting,
the better the sound quality, but at the higher levels the difference might not be audible. The
default value (128 Kbit/s) provides good quality sound.
• Input - Select the input to use for the audio input. The options are:
Line - connects other audio input devices to the Audio In connector on the rear panel.
Internal microphone - uses the built-in microphone located on the front of the camera.
External microphone - connects a standard microphone to the Audio In connector.
• External Mic Power - Some microphone types require their own (external) supplied voltage to
operate correctly. These are Condenser microphones and Electret microphones. If using a
microphone of this type, and if it is not battery powered, check this box. This should not be
enabled when using a dynamic or battery powered microphone, as sound quality may be
• Volume Settings - The Master volume control should not normally need any adjustment.
However, if you are using an audio input device on the Line connector, and the audio level is
unsatisfactory, then this level may need to be changed. The setting is configurable between
-30 and 30 dB. If you need to configure the volume from the AXIS 230 to the same level as
other wave sources originating from the PC, the Master volume control may be the only way
to adjust this. This also depends on the sound card being used.
• Mic input sensitivity - This setting should be set according to the specifications for the external microphone. If the correct setting is used, there will be no need to adjust the Master volume level. The volume slider in the web interface will suffice for raising or lowering the
volume when viewing the video stream. If you are unsure of the correct setting for your microphone, try both settings.
Live View Layout
The home page for the AXIS 230 MPEG-2 Video camera can be altered to your own
requirements. Click the link to Live View Layout to open the Personal Settings.
Most of the features on the Live View page can be customized. For example, you can
quickly change the background color and include your corporate logo.
Once you have enabled personal settings by checking the box, you can then change most
aspects of the page. Simply select the item to use and then choose whether to use the
default setting or to specify your own. For many of the items, selecting Own will also
require you to specify the location for the resource, for example, the location of the
background picture to use.
AXIS 230
Operating the AXIS 230
When you are satisfied with the new layout, click Save.
Unchecking the Show Setup link will mean that the administration tools will then only be accessible by entering the full address to the tools into the browser’s URL field, for example: Please make a note of the address for your camera, for future use.
Events and Event Types
The AXIS 230 MPEG-2 is capable of performing various actions when certain types of
events occur. The terminology used to describe this is as follows:
• Event type - a defined set of parameters that specify how and when something will
trigger an action.
• Event - an event that occurs while the system is running. Started by a trigger, it initiates
an action, and is time-stamped and named.
• Action - what occurs when the event triggers. Examples are the upload of video to an FTP
server, email notification, etc.
• Trigger - the circumstances that start an event. This could be e.g. a pre-programmed time
or a signal from an external device, such as a door switch or a motion sensor.
Configuring Event Types
An event type is a set of parameters describing how and when the camera will perform
certain actions. An event type may result in one single event, or it may result in many,
depending on how often its preconditions are met. The most common kind of event type
will trigger the upload of video to a specified destination. Other actions performed by event
types can include the sending of e-mail, the activation of the output port and various types
of event notification.
• Event types that perform uploads should be kept to the minimum required for your application. There
is a limit of 3 simultaneous uploads at any one time, although more may be configured.
• Note that when adding, modifying and deleting event types, any other event type that is currently
active will be stopped. Stopped event types that have been configured to run for as long as the trigger is active will automatically restart, but others with different configurations will not.
Operating the AXIS 230
AXIS 230
Setting up a new event type
Click the menu link to Event Types. This opens the list of event types as in the example
below. The list shows various information about the event types currently configured.
Click the Add button. This launches the Event Type Setup dialog. Depending on the event
type you require, you will then need to provide some or all of the following information:
• Name - Give the event type a suitable name.
Respond to Trigger...
This setting determines when an event can be triggered. The options are:
• Always - the event can be activated by the trigger (see below) at any time
• Only during time frame - a trigger will only start the event during the times specified.
Triggers at other times will be ignored. Select the days and set the period’s start time and
Duration. The Duration may be set up to a maximum of 168 hours. If a Duration of more
than 24 hours is required, then only one weekday may be checked. To use two or more
trigger time frames of more than 24 hours - two or more event types (one for each time
frame) must be configured.
• Never - the event type is disabled and no actions will be performed.
AXIS 230
Operating the AXIS 230
Trigger Type
The trigger type is what starts the event type. The following options are available:
• Input Ports - This describes the states that the 2 inputs must be in before the event is
triggered. One or more inputs can be used together, but note that the states for all the
inputs used must first be reached before the event is triggered.
• Timer - whole time frame - This option will simply use the times specified in Respond to
Trigger... described above.
• Timer - periodically - Use this to trigger the event at a certain frequency. Configurable in
seconds, minutes or hours. It is also possible to specify the time to commence triggering.
Note that this setting also uses the times specified in Respond to Trigger...
• Server Boot - This can be used to trigger the event whenever the camera server is started
or restarted. A notification of the event would be a suitable action for this trigger type.
• Log Messages - The camera can trigger an event whenever a system event writes an entry
to a log file. There are three types of log file; Information, Warning or Critical. Select the
level that will trigger the event. Note that the first two alternatives also include messages
of a higher importance, so alternative 1 will trigger the event type the most, as it also
includes Warning and Critical log messages.
• Manual Trigger - This option makes use of buttons displayed on the Live View page,
which are used to start or stop the event manually.
• Audio - This option triggers the event when the selected audio level rises or falls
(determined by the Active/Inactive setting) above/below a level defined as -20 dB below
the clip level. The green Audio LED indicator is lit in the interval -20dB and 0dB. See also
Audio Settings, on page 54.
When Triggered...
These settings describe the actions to take when the event type is triggered. One or more
actions may be selected.
• Upload to FTP server - Select the FTP server to upload images to. Note that FTP servers must
first be configured in Upload Servers. See page 25.
• Upload for - Specify the total time to upload the recording. Configurable in seconds,
minutes or hours. This can be used to continue the upload even after the event has ended.
• Upload as long as trigger is active - This option will terminate the upload as soon as the
trigger is no longer active.
• Split upload into - Use this to split a long video sequence into several shorter sequences.
Configurable in seconds, minutes or hours. This is recommended if there is likely to be
recordings longer than 30 minutes in duration. The AXIS 230 can easily handle video files
of more than 30 minutes, but these may cause problems for some older types of FTP
server, due to the large file sizes involved.
Operating the AXIS 230
AXIS 230
• Pre-trigger recording time up to - The AXIS 230 can save recorded sequences that
originate from the time immediately preceding the trigger. This can be very useful when
checking to see what happened to cause the trigger. The part of the buffer not used for
pre-trigger recording is automatically used for post-trigger recording. This is useful in
ensuring that there is no video lost during the short time it takes to complete the
connection to the FTP upload server.
•Exactly how much pre-trigger recording will be produced depends on the quality level setting.
Lowering the quality levels for video and audio will increase the duration of the recording.
•When the event is triggered, the pre-trigger recording is uploaded first. The rest of the recording
will then follow, although prevailing conditions may result in some images being dropped.
•A high-quality video stream will occupy more of the internal memory and thus shorten the
duration of the recording. As pre- and post-trigger FTP uploads have a higher priority, if the
network load is heavy, the quality of Live view may suffer.
•Note that as the pre- and post-trigger buffer is always of a fixed size - the more pre-trigger
recording is specified, the less will be available for post-trigger recording.
•In the case of overlapping events, the buffer will be locked by the first event, as this has higher
priority. The buffer will be available to the second event only when no longer required by the
first event.
• Base file name - This name will be used for all of the files saved. If suffixes are also used,
the file name will take the form filename_suffix.
• Add suffix - Add either a date/time suffix, a sequence number (with or without a
maximum value), or select Overwrite. This last option will save one file only and will
constantly overwrite it, whereas using sequential numbering with a maximum will
overwrite the first file as soon as the last file is written.
• Activate output port - This box must be checked to enable the use of the output port. The
port is used to control external equipment.
• Keep active during event - This option allows external equipment to be run/controlled for
the entire duration of the event. This might be necessary to e.g. keep extra lighting on
while saving/uploading a video sequence.
• Keep active for - Specify a fixed length of time the port will be active for.
Please keep in mind that the output port can be controlled by more than one event type. This may mean
that the port is the “wrong” state if one or more event types that activate the port are triggered one
after the other. Using more than one event type to control the output is not recommended.
AXIS 230
Operating the AXIS 230
• Send email notification to - Check this box to enable the sending of email to notify recipients
of events. Enter the email address(es) in the field provided. Multiple addresses are separated by
commas (,). To add your own text, check the Include text box and enter your text. Note that a
mail server must be configured in the SMTP network settings.
• Send HTTP notification - This method sends a notification to an HTTP server. Select the name
of the server. Note that the destination server must first be configured in Notification Servers.
See the following page.
• Send TCP notification - This method sends a TCP/IP notification. The destination server must
also first be configured in Notification Servers.
Click OK to save the event type setup.
Upload Servers
Clicking this link will open the list of FTP servers currently configured in the camera. The
listing shows the name and address of the server, as well as the upload path and user name.
Adding an Upload Server
Click the Add button. This opens the Upload Server Setup dialog. The following
information should then be provided for the new server.
• Name - This can be any descriptive name you like.
• Network address - Enter the IP address or host name of the FTP server. To use a host
name, a DNS server must be specified in the TCP/IP network settings.
• Upload path - Specify the path to the directory where the uploaded images will be stored.
If this directory does not already exist on the FTP server, there will be an error message
when uploading.
• Additional information - In this field you can add extra information about the server. For
example, if the saved video files can also be accessed via a UNC address (e.g.
\\video\file1.mpeg), you could add text providing this address. This information will be
included in email sent by events that use this server.
• The user name and password you use to log on to the server.
When finished, you can test the setup by clicking the Connect button. The results of the
connection test will then be displayed in a message box.
Operating the AXIS 230
AXIS 230
Notification Servers
To allow your event types to send HTTP and TCP notifications, the necessary servers must
first be configured. The Notification Server list shows the servers currently configured.
These servers are shown as the alternatives when selecting this type of notification in the
event type setup, as described in the preceding section.
Notification normally requires some sort of script to be located on the destination server.
This script reads the parameters sent in the notification and then performs some sort of
Note that event notification server settings have nothing to do with the change of IP
address notification settings.
The following information should be provided for an HTTP notification server:
• Name - This can be any name you like.
• URL - In this field you should provide the IP or host address of the server, the path to your
script, and finally, the name of the script. For example:
• Custom parameters - Enter your own text here. See also below.
• User name/password - If you need to supply a user name and password to access the
HTTP server, provide these here.
• Proxy/Proxy port - If you must pass a proxy server to access the HTTP server, provide the
server’s network address and the port used for access.
• Proxy user name/password - The proxy server may require a user name and password.
• Retry count - If the connection attempt fails, enter the number of times to retry.
• Message - Enter your own text here. This will be displayed in the notification.
This is then what is actually included when the HTTP notification is sent:
For the Custom Parameters field the following should be noted:
• The field must be named as a parameter for it to work.
For example: http://servername/...................&CustomParameter=MyTextHere.
• The field must be manually URL-encoded. This means that to use special characters, these
must be coded and not simply typed. For example, to include a blank space, type %20 instead.
The equal sign (=) can be typed directly.
AXIS 230
Operating the AXIS 230
The following information should be provided for a TCP notification server:
• Name - This can be any descriptive name you like.
• Network address - Provide the address of the server here. This may be an IP address or a
host name. Note that to use a host name, a DNS server must be configured in the TCP/IP
network settings.
• Port - Enter the port number used for accessing the TCP host.
• Retry count - If the connection attempt fails, enter the number of times to retry.
• Message - Enter your own text here. This will be displayed in the notification.
Click OK to save the notification server settings.
Port Status & Devices
Port Status
Clicking this link displays a list showing the status for the 2 inputs and 1 output. The
inputs cannot be configured here - this must be done from the System options, which
requires administrator access.
This section allows you to configure and use Pan/Tilt devices with your AXIS 230. Click
the Modify button to open a new window allowing you to create or edit preset positions.
Note that Pan/Tilt devices can only be added by the product administrator(s).
Operating the AXIS 230
Preset position setup - Zoom only
To add a new preset
position for the zoom
function, zoom the camera
to the required
magnification and then
enter a descriptive name in
the Current Position field
and click Apply. To set a
position as Home, check
the box provided when that
position is current. It is
possible to go directly to
the Home position from
any other position - simply
by clicking the H button. To
remove a preset position,
select it from the
drop-down list and click
Preset position setup - Pan, Tilt & Zoom
To be able to pan and tilt
the camera, a Pan/Tilt
device and its driver must
be added to the camera.
The interface will then
automatically provide pan
and tilt bars. To add a new
preset position for all 3
functions, use the controls
to steer the camera so that
it points to the desired
position, and zoom and
focus as required. Then
add the preset as described
Please note that the
selected driver will
determine the actual
AXIS 230
AXIS 230
The System Options
The System Options
This section lists and describes the administration tools used for the general configuration
of the AXIS 230 - the System Options. The topics covered are, for example, network
settings, date and time settings, users, etc. For information on general usage and how to set
up event types, etc., please see Operating the AXIS 230, on page 15.
The product cannot be configured before it is installed. If you have not yet completed the
installation, please refer to Installing the AXIS 230, on page 11.
Only the product administrator(s) can access these settings.
Important Notes!
• The default password (pass) for the pre-configured user (root) should be changed as soon as possible.
Until this has been done, the security features in the product will not be enabled. Furthermore, all
Axis products are shipped with the same password by default. For further information, refer to Users,
on page 30.
• When accessing the AXIS 230 for the first time, you will not be required to log in.
• Javascript must be enabled in your browser for the AXIS 230 Web-based interface to work.
Accessing The System Options
The System Options can be used for configuring the AXIS 230 at any time. Follow the
instructions below to access the System Options from your browser:
1. Start your browser and enter the IP address of the AXIS 230 in the address field,
for example:
2. The first time the product is accessed there will be no need to log in. After the Live View
page opens, click on the Setup link and then select the item to configure from the System
The system is configured and modified directly from these pages. This can be done from
any computer on the network that can access the unit.
Online help is stored internally in the AXIS 230 and is available from the pages in the Web interface. Containing comprehensive details on all product parameters, the on-line help is your first
point of reference when configuring and managing the unit.
The System Options
AXIS 230
System Options Overview
The table below provides a brief overview of the System Options. Each section is explained
in more detail in the pages that follow.
Security - Users
Security - Firewall Settings
Date & Time
Network - TCP/IP Settings
Network - SMTP (email)
Network - RTP (multicast)
Ports & Devices - I/O Ports
Ports & Devices - RS-232 &
Support - Overview
Support - Logs & Reports
Support - About
Create and delete users and passwords, and modify the Administrator’s password.
Protect your AXIS 230 against unauthorized access, using the built-in firewall. Allowed IP addresses
and protocols can be specified.
Set the system time, manually or automatically.
Configure TCP/IP settings, enable BOOTP/DHCP and restrict bandwidth.
Configure SMTP-settings for sending e-mail messages notifying recipients of recordings, error
messages, system messages, etc.
Enable and configure multicast IP addresses and ports.
Enable and configure the 2 inputs and 1 output.
Configure the COM-ports for Generic TCP/IP, Generic HTTP or for a Pan Tilt device.
Provides tools for restarting the camera and for resetting to the factory default settings.
Provides links to various types of useful information, including how to contact Axis support services.
Contains links to various log files and reports.
Displays information about the development of the product.
To prevent any unauthorized use of the product, the AXIS 230 supports multi-level and
multi-user password protected access. A maximum of 20 users can be defined. An
Administrator has unrestricted access to the product's administration tools and can
determine the registration and rights for all other users.
The Users List displays all of the users currently defined. The administrator user name
(root) is permanent and cannot be deleted. The default password (pass), however, can and
should be changed.
• Note that if the root password is not changed, then the Enable anonymous viewer login checkbox
will have no effect, checked or not.
• The Enable anonymous viewer login checkbox will, after the root password has been changed, be disabled by default.
• All Axis products are shipped with the same default Administrator password.
• Changing the root password and, later, changing it back to pass will return the security function to
its original state.
AXIS 230
The System Options
Adding Users
Click Add to add a new user. The following fields must then be completed:
• User Name - Must contain at least one, but not more than fourteen characters.
• Password - Must contain at least one, but not more than eight characters.
• Confirm Password - Repeat the above password here.
User Group - Check the appropriate box to define the access rights and privileges for the
new user, where the level of access can be described as follows:
• Viewer - Provides the lowest level of access, which only allows the user to see live images.
If the controls for a PTZ unit and/or the Trigger Event button are displayed on the
application page, then a user with viewing rights will also be able to use these.
• Operator - An Operator has access to all of the settings not included in the System
Options, that is, he/she can add and edit settings for event types, upload servers, audio
and video, etc.
• Administrator - An Administrator has unrestricted access to the whole camera and can
determine the registration of all other users.
After making the settings for the new user, click the OK button.
Editing and Deleting Users
To edit or delete a user, highlight the name in the User list and click the Modify or Delete
Firewall Settings
The built-in firewall protects the AXIS 230 against unauthorized access. To restrict access,
add IP addresses to the list of allowed addresses - other addresses will not be permitted
Enable/Disable Firewall - Click this button to enable or disable the firewall function.
Allowed IP Addresses - This list box shows the currently configured IP addresses.
Adding Allowed IP Addresses
IP Address - Add a single IP address or a whole range of addresses. This last option can be
useful if you have a large number of IP addresses that all need access to the camera. To add
a range of addresses, type e.g. 192.168.0.* This will add all the addresses in the range to Up to 256 allowed IP addresses can be specified.
The System Options
AXIS 230
Allowed Ports - Check the boxes for the protocols that the user (IP address) will be allowed
to use to access the camera. These can be FTP and/or HTTP. If you have particular
requirements concerning which ports access will be allowed on, enter these in the Port
range fields. To allow access via HTTP, the port value here must correspond to the value
set on the TCP/IP Network Settings page. If this is set to some other value than 80 (the
default setting), then this value must be added manually in this field. If the setting on the
Network Settings page is 80, then nothing needs to be configured here.
After adding the above information click the OK button to save the changes.
If accessing the AXIS 230 via a proxy server, the proxy server's IP address must
be added to the list of allowed IP numbers.
Deleting and Modifying the Properties for Allowed IP Addresses
To delete an IP address, select it in the list and click the Remove button. To modify an
address, select it from the list of allowed addresses, make the necessary changes and then
click OK.
Date & Time
Click Date and Time to define the time and date settings for the AXIS 230, either manually
or automatically, as described below.
Current Server Time
Shows the current date and time.
New Server Time
Time Zone - Select the time zone where the AXIS 230 is located.
Automatically adjust for daylight saving time changes - Check this box to automatically update
the time changes caused by daylight saving.
Synchronize with computer time - Sets the time according to the clock on your computer.
Synchronize with NTP Server - This option will cause the AXIS 230 to update the time from an
NTP server every 60 minutes. Specify the NTP server's IP address or DNS name and set the
appropriate time zone for your camera’s location. Note that if using a DNS name, a DNS
server must be configured in the TCP/IP settings.
Set manually - Using this option allows you to manually enter the time and date.
AXIS 230
The System Options
TCP/IP Network Settings
From the Network Settings, configure the TCP/IP network settings as follows:
Automatic IP Configuration
DHCP - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a protocol that lets network
administrators centrally manage and automate the assignment of IP addresses in an
organization's network. Check the box to allow a DHCP server on the network to assign the
IP address.
DHCP should only be enabled if you are using IP address change notification, or if your version of DHCP
can update a DNS server, which then allows you to access the AXIS 230 by name. If DHCP is enabled and
you cannot access the unit, you may have to reset it to the factory default settings (see page 38) and
then perform the installation again (see page 11).
BOOTP - Check this box to use BOOTP to automatically assign an IP address. This requires
a BOOTP server on your system. BOOTP is enabled by default.
Dynamic IP Address Notification Settings
When the IP address changes by means beyond your control, for example, by DHCP, you
can choose to be notified of the change via HTTP, FTP or SMTP. Click the icon to display,
edit and refine the settings for address notification.
Referring to the table below, configure the dynamic IP address notification settings.
Enabling HTTP means the camera will send an HTTP GET request to the specified URL. This can then easily
be taken care of by a designated cgi-script, which registers the request by some means. Custom
parameters can be used by entering them in the field provided. The fields User Name and Password, should
be used if the script is password protected. If you need to pass a proxy server to connect to the URL for the
host, provide your user information in the relevant fields.
Enabling SMTP will send an email notification of any change in IP address. Enter the recipient’s address
and a sender’s address, as well as any text you want to appear in the subject of the email. Note that you
must configure the mail server under Network Settings.
Saves a notification file on an FTP server. Provide the connection details for the server and your user name
and password. If there is a firewall between the camera and the FTP server, it is recommended that Passive
Mode is enabled. There are 3 levels of TXT Type to choose from; Short - the IP address only; Extended multi-line file; and HTML - contains the same information as Extended, but includes HTML tags. See also
the On-line help for more information.
TXT Field
Specify your own text to include in the notification.
The System Options
AXIS 230
Manual IP Configuration
IP Address - Specify a unique IP address for your camera, to establish communication with
your network. Written as four numbers separated by periods, each number in the address
must be in the range 0 - 255. For example:
IP addresses can be assigned at random within isolated networks, provided that
each given address is unique. To avoid unnecessary clashes, it is strongly recommended that you contact your network administrator prior to assigning an IP
address for your product.
Default Router - Specify the default router (Gateway) used for connecting to other networks
and network segments.
Subnet Mask - Specify the subnet mask for the subnet the AXIS 230 is located on.
Host Name - The host name entered here will be used in email sent by the AXIS 230, and in
the unit’s log files. If the AXIS 230 uses a DNS name on the network, it can be a good idea
to use the same name for the host name and the DNS name.
Domain Name - Enter the name of the domain your AXIS 230 belongs to.
Primary DNS Server - Enter the IP address of the primary DNS server. This server provides the
translation of domain names to IP addresses on your network.
Secondary DNS Server - This is used if the primary DNS server is unavailable.
Port number - Enter the HTTP port the AXIS 230 will use. The default setting is 80. Alterna-
tively, any port in the range 1024-65535 may be used, but check first with your system
administrator before changing the default setting. See also the special considerations concerning the firewall settings, on page 31.
Network Traffic
This can be used to change the network speed for your camera. Normally, there is no need
to use anything other than Auto-negotiate, which will automatically select the correct
media type. However, if you are using a switch or similar device on your network and need
to specify the media type, then this can be done by selecting the correct type from the
drop-down list.
AXIS 230
The System Options
SMTP (email) Network Settings
The AXIS 230 can be configured to send event and error email messages to predefined
Primary mail server - Enter the name or IP address of the server providing your mail facilities.
Note that to use a host name, a DNS server must be specified in the TCP/IP network
Secondary mail server - Enter the name or IP address of a secondary mail server. This will be
used if the primary mail server is unavailable.
Send test email to - test the setup by clicking the Send button.
RTP (Multicast) Settings
When switching to providing multicast content on the network, there will be no difference
in the video stream when compared to ordinary unicasting. The web page containing the
content from the AXIS 230 will function exactly as before, and viewers will not experience
any change.
To provide multicast broadcasts to multiple viewers, various settings may need to be made.
Most importantly, the box “Enable multicast” must be checked.
The other multicast settings concern the IP addresses and port numbers to use for the audio
and video streams. If the IP addresses for the two streams are the same, then the ports must
be different. Inversely, when using different IP addresses, then the ports can be identical.
Note that viewers do not need to know these IP addresses.
The IP addresses used for muticasting audio and video streams should always be selected
from within certain specific ranges. The AXIS 230 has been pre-configured with addresses
from these ranges, and these should not normally need to be changed. Please contact your
network administrator if you have special requirements.
The final multicast setting is the Time to live value. If IP packets (i.e data) fail to get
delivered to their destination within a reasonable length of time (which could be for
various reasons), this setting tells network routers when to discard the packet. The value is
usually measured in "hops", i.e. the number of network routers that can be passed before
the packet arrives at its destination or is dropped.
Note that some network routers may need to be configured to allow RTP traffic.
The System Options
AXIS 230
Ports & Devices
IO Ports
This page allows configuration of the two inputs and one output supported by the AXIS
230. Ports can be given descriptive names, and their Normal state can be configured.
The normal state describes the inactive state for the port. It is also an indication of the
function of the connected equipment and how it is activated. For example, if the activation
circuit in a door switch connected to an input is normally closed, this means that as long
as the door is closed then the state is also closed (inactive). When the door is opened the
door sensor will be active and the input will no longer be in its normal state. This is how
events based on external equipment are triggered.
Thus, in the I/O port list, if the Normal state for an input is set as Open, but the Current
state is shown as Closed, then the port has been activated, and vice versa.
Please note that some external devices may behave incorrectly in the event of an error
condition, e.g. a power cut.
COM Ports RS-232/RS-485
The COM1 port on the AXIS 230 is accessed via the terminal block (RS-485), and COM2 is
via the 9-pin D-SUB serial connector. Both are found on the rear of the unit. Select the
port from the links in the main menu.
Devices (Pan/Tilt devices, etc.) connected to the COM-ports on the AXIS 230 can be
controlled via Generic TCP/IP or Generic HTTP, or in the case of Pan/Tilt devices, by a
specific driver for the unit being used. Settings are managed and configured directly from
the user interface.
Select the port to configure and then choose the Usage for the port, whereupon the
relevant settings will be displayed. To make device-specific settings for a Pan/Tilt device,
click the Modify button.
For detailed listings of all of the available settings for each mode, the supported Pan/Tilt
devices, as well as more information about the different interface modes and pinout info,
please the online help, available from the setup pages. See also Unit Connections, on page
AXIS 230
The System Options
This section provides tools for the following:
• Restart - Clicking this button will restart the AXIS 230.
• Restore - This button will reset the camera to its factory default settings. Once this has
been done, many of the unit’s parameters will need to be re-configured. The only settings
saved are the IP address, the default router and the subnet mask. See also, on page 38, the
description of how to reset to the factory default settings using the Reset button on the
rear of the camera.
Support - Logs & Reports
This section of the System Options provides various log files and reports, which may be
useful when troubleshooting or when contacting the Axis support services. The logs can be
used as triggers for event types. The following are available:
• The Information Log - This log simply records what happens in the camera. It registers when
events occur, when the camera is restarted, etc.
• The Warning Log - This log will also include information about errors in the camera that may
prevent optimum performance.
• The Critical Log - Registers serious errors that should be rectified as soon as possible.
• The Combined Log - All three logs are shown in one file.
As well as the log files, the following are also available:
• The Server Report - The Server Report displays a listing of important information about the
AXIS 230. If you need to contact the Axis Support desk for help with a problem, please include
this report with your query.
• The Parameter List - This link displays a listing of all of the AXIS 230's parameters and their
current settings. This list should also be included when requesting help from the support desk.
The System Options
AXIS 230
The Factory Default Settings
In certain circumstances, it may be necessary to reinstate the Factory Default settings for
your AXIS 230. This is performed in one of two ways:
• By clicking the Restore button from the Maintenance page under System Options. This
action will reset most of the unit’s parameters but will save the IP-address, the Subnet
mask and the Default Router.
• By pressing the Reset button, located on the rear panel. This option will reset ALL the
parameters currently configured in the unit, i.e. network settings, events, etc.
Follow the instructions below to reinstate the product factory default settings using the
Reset button:
1. Switch off the AXIS 230 by disconnecting the power supply.
2. Press and hold the Reset button, and reconnect the power.
3. Keep the button pressed until the Status Indicator displays yellow (note that this may
take up to 15 seconds), then release the button. When the Status Indicator displays
green (which can take up to several minutes) the AXIS 230 will then have been reset to
its original factory default settings.
AXIS 230
Appendix A - Troubleshooting
This appendix provides useful information to help you to resolve any difficulty you might
have with your AXIS 230. Symptoms, possible causes and remedial actions are provided in
a quick reference table.
Checking the Firmware
One of your first actions when attempting to solve a problem should be to check the
firmware version currently installed. An updated version may contain a correction that
fixes your particular problem. For more information, please see Updating the Firmware, on
page 43.
Should you require any technical assistance, please contact your Axis reseller. If your
questions cannot be answered immediately, your reseller will forward your queries through
the appropriate channels to ensure a rapid response.
If you are connected to the Internet, you can:
• Download user documentation and firmware updates
• Find answers to resolved problems in the FAQ database. Search by product, category, or
• Report problems to Axis support staff by logging in to your private support area
Visit the Axis Support Web at
Server Report
The server report contains important information about the server and its software, as well
as a list of the current parameters. Click the link provided on the Support Overview page.
Viewing the Log Files
The AXIS 230 log files record events within the unit and can prove useful when attempting
to resolve any problems that might occur. Please see Support - Logs & Reports, on page 37.
AXIS 230
Symptoms, Possible Causes and Remedial Actions
The AXIS 230 cannot be
installed, or cannot be
accessed from a browser
after installation.
Possible causes
Remedial actions
The IP address is already being Run Ping (as described below) and follow the appropriate
used by another device.
The IP address used during
installation is not valid on
your subnet.
Run Ping. If you get “Destination host unreachable” or similar, the
diagnosis is probably correct.
In Windows, check that the IP address for your AXIS 230 is on the same
subnet as your workstation. Exactly how this is done varies from one
version of Windows to another. See Windows’ help for more
If the AXIS 230 and your workstation are on different subnets, you will
not be able to set the IP address. Contact your network administrator.
The IP address has changed.
1) Move the AXIS 230 to an isolated network or to one with no DHCP
or BOOTP server. Set the IP address again, using the ARP command.
2) Access the unit and disable BOOTP and DHCP in the TCP/IP settings.
Return the unit to the main network. The unit now has a fixed IP
address that will not change.
3) As an alternative to 2), if dynamic IP address via DHCP or BOOTP is
required, select the required service and then configure IP address
change notification from the network settings. Return the unit to the
main network. The unit will now have a dynamic IP address, but will
notify you if the address changes.
Other networking problems.
Test the network cable by connecting it to some other network device
and then Pinging that device from your workstation.
Test the unit’s network interface by connecting a local computer to the
AXIS 230, using a standard network cable. A crossover cable is not
The Power indicator is not Faulty power supply.
constantly lit.
Verify that you are using an Axis PS-K power supply.
The Network indicator
displays red.
No network connection or
faulty cabling.
See Other networking problems, above.
The Status indicator
slowly flashes red.
The flash upgrade process has
See the Emergency Recovery Procedure on page 43.
The AXIS 230 works
Firewall protection.
locally, but not externally.
No video.
Check the Internet firewall with your system administrator.
Default routers required.
Check if you need to configure the default router settings.
Display incorrectly configured
on workstation.
In Display Properties, adjust the color settings to at least 16-bit color.
If running more than one video stream, 32-bit color must be used.
AXIS 230
Slow video
Possible causes
Outdated drivers for graphics
Remedial actions
Obtain and install the latest device driver for your graphics card from
the manufacturer’s web site. Also check that DirectDraw acceleration
is enabled. This can be done by running the program DxDiag.exe (click
Start - Run and then type dxdiag.exe) Check on the Display tab that
DirectDraw acceleration is enabled.
Another application is using
DirectDraw acceleration,
making this unavailable to the
AXIS 230.
Insufficient free memory on
graphics card for using the
hardware acceleration
Close the other application, and then re-open the AXIS 230’s Live View
page. Examples of other applications that use DirectDraw acceleration
are: video conferencing software, Web TV, video playback software and
video editing software.
Lower the resolution/color depth for the monitor. Right-click on the
desktop and select Properties - Settings.
Poor quality video (image
hopping, etc.), wrong
image format (b/w,
inverted, etc.)
Outdated drivers for graphics
See “Slow video” above.
No audio / poor audio.
Faulty connection to external
mic or audio input device.
Error in power supply to
external microphone.
Incorrect settings.
Check connections. If the audio LED flashes or is steady green, then
audio is reaching the MPEG decoder in the AXIS 230 and is included in
the stream.
Error in client.
Outdated drivers for sound
Triggering difficulties
Unable to trigger on both
with programming scripts. positive and negative
transitions of the Control
Button and/or I/O ports
(double-edged triggering).
Check that the correct input is selected. Check the input sensitivity. If
the audio LED flashes or is steady green, then audio is reaching the
MPEG decoder in the AXIS 230 and is included in the stream.
Check the settings for the client PC’s sound card. If audio is weak or
distorted, check the master gain setting in the AXIS 230.
Check that you are using the latest device driver for your sound card.
Check the manufacturer’s web site for new drivers.
Repetitive trigger conditions that occur in quick succession can be
missed. This is because the command initiated by the first trigger event
may not have been fully executed before the second event starts. This
scenario is demonstrated in the illustration below:
This feature has particular significance when using commands that
take a relatively long time to process, e.g. mail or FTP, especially if they
are transmitting a pre/post alarm buffer.
If you still have a problem after reading this information, please contact your reseller or visit the
Axis Support Web at
AXIS 230
Pinging Your IP Address
By sending a packet to the specified address and waiting for a reply, the Ping utility can
determine whether a specific IP address is accessible. It also provides a useful method for
confirming addressing conflicts with your AXIS 230 on the network.
Follow the instructions below to ping your unit:
1. Start a Command window and type ping x.x.x.x, where x.x.x.x is the IP address of
the AXIS 230.
2. If you receive the reply destination host unreachable, then the AXIS 230 is not
accessible on your subnet. You must obtain a new IP address and reinstall the unit.
If this does not solve the problem, disconnect the AXIS 230 from the network and run Ping
again. See the table below for an interpretation of the results.
Ping Reply
Interpretation and recommendation
Reply from <IP address>: bytes = 32; time = 10
The IP address is already in use and cannot be used again. You must obtain a
new IP address.
Request timed out
This IP address is not used and is available for use with your AXIS 230. If you
already installed the unit using this IP address, the installation may have
failed. Reinstall the unit. Also check all cabling.
AXIS 230
Updating the Firmware
Appendix B - Updating the Firmware
The AXIS 230 firmware is stored in Flash memory. This memory is provided by a silicon
chip that, just like any other ROM device, retains data content even after power is removed.
Flash memory is unique because it allows its data to be erased and re-written. This means
firmware upgrades can be installed as they become available - without having to replace
any parts. New firmware is simply loaded into the AXIS 230 over the network.
The latest version of the AXIS 230 firmware is available free of charge from the Axis web
site at
Update via FTP
The AXIS 230 Flash memory is updated over the network using FTP. See the detailed
instructions supplied with each new firmware release.
• Always read the instructions provided with each new release, before updating the firmware.
• Upgrading normally takes between 30 seconds and 10 minutes, although it can take longer. After
starting the process, you should always wait at least 20 minutes before power-cycling the AXIS 230
- even if you suspect the procedure has failed.
• In controlled environments, flash memory updates provide a very safe way of updating the firmware.
However, flash products can become damaged if the update is not performed correctly. Your dealer
reserves the right to charge for any repair attributable to faulty updating by the user.
Emergency Recovery Procedure
If power or the network connection to the AXIS 230 is lost during the upgrade, the process
will fail and the unit will become unresponsive. A flashing red Status LED indicates a failed
upgrade. To recover the unit, follow the steps below. The serial number is found on the
label on the product's casing.
1. Unix/Linux - From the command line type the following:
arp -s <IP address of AXIS 230> <Serial number> temp
ping -s 408 <IP address of AXIS 230>
Windows - From a command/DOS prompt type the following:
arp -s <IP address of AXIS 230> <Serial number>
ping -l 408 -t <IP address of AXIS 230>
2. If the unit does not reply within a few seconds, restart it and wait for a reply. Press
CTRL+C to exit ping.
Updating the Firmware
AXIS 230
3. Open a browser and type in the IP address of the AXIS 230. In the page that appears,
use the Browse button to select the upgrade file to use, e.g. axis230.bin. Then hit the
Load button to restart the upgrade process.
4. After the upgrade has completed (1-10 minutes), the unit will automatically restart and
show a steady green on the Power and Status LED:s and flashing green or amber on
the Network LED.
5. Repeat the arp and ping commands as described above.
6. Open a new browser and enter the unit's IP address.
7. Reconfigure your settings.
If the emergency recovery procedure does not get the AXIS 230 up and running again,
please contact the Axis Support Web at
AXIS 230
Customizing The AXIS 230
Appendix C - Customizing The AXIS 230
Modifying the File System
The Linux-based operating system and flash memory file system make it possible for
advanced users and application developers to customize the AXIS 230 by adding
additional files to the read-write area of the flash memory.
• Modification of the flash file system is NOT supported by Axis. In practice, this means that Axis will
not answer questions relating to custom script or Web page development, but merely wishes to
inform potential application developers of the possibilities afforded by the Linux-based file structure
of the AXIS 230.
• When attempting to modify the product, you may inadvertently create a problem that will require
you to return the AXIS 230 to its factory default settings. At worst, you may even cause permanent
damage to the unit that renders it unusable. Consequently, Axis strongly recommends that inexperienced users DO NOT modify the file system.
Although modification of the file system is not supported, the Axis web at
does maintain various documents designed to assist third-party development. These
include detailed information such as:
• The Axis Camera API, HTTP-Interface Specification
• Descriptions of useful scripting technologies
Configuration via FTP
As an alternative to configuring the AXIS 230 using a browser, the configuration
parameters of your unit can be modified using the File Transfer Protocol (FTP).
FTP is supported by most operating environments and is a useful method for quickly
downloading standard pre-configurations to one or more cameras.
Customizing The AXIS 230
AXIS 230
Custom Web Pages
The AXIS 230 contains a re-writable flash memory file system that allows some directories
and files to be changed by the root user, using FTP. This strictly non-supported product
functionality, makes it possible for advanced users and application developers to add their
own Web pages, scripts, and other files to the Axis product.
Customizing Procedures
The existing web pages are stored in a compressed read-only area of the file system. If you
intend to try changing them you must adhere strictly to the instructions provided here and
ensure that you DO NOT inadvertently change any files other than those featured in this
section. Failure to comply with this notice may render your product unusable.
All files stored in the /etc/httpd/html directory are available through the product Web
server in the virtual directory /local/. The URL to pages in the /etc/httpd/html directory
is http://IP/local/<filename>.htm.
Editing and Storing Your Web page
Follow the instructions below to save your own pages in the AXIS 230:
1. Using an html editor, create your html file and store it on your local PC hard drive.
2. Now use FTP to upload the file to the AXIS 230. Enter the following on the command
3. Log on as root. The default password for root is pass, but this may have been changed.
4. Change to the correct directory in the AXIS 230 by entering the following command:
cd /etc/httpd/html
5. For binary storage of files (not absolutely necessary, but good practice), type bin.
6. Upload your html file by entering:
put <filename.html>
7. Start your browser and view the page you uploaded, by entering the following URL in
the location/Address field:<filename.html>
AXIS 230
Customizing The AXIS 230
Your page now appears in your browser.
8. Enter bye in the command window to exit FTP.
You can change the html files as and when you like, but remember that the available flash
memory is limited.
Using your own file as a New Home Page
Having created and stored your own web pages in the AXIS 230, you can now assign one
of these pages as your default home page, as described below:
Changing the web pages in the AXIS 230 is not something that should be undertaken lightly. Remember:
Axis does not support the personalization of web pages and strongly recommends that inexperienced
users DO NOT perform such modifications.
1. In your browser’s URL field (address bar) enter the following:
This opens the built-in editor in the AXIS 230 and loads the file boa.conf for editing.
2. Now add the following lines to the end of the file:
Alias /index.html /etc/httpd/html/index.html
Alias / /etc/httpd/html
These lines should be added to the file as shown below:
# Virtual I/O specific configurations of Boa
ScriptAlias /axis-cgi/io/virtualinput.cgi /usr/html/axis-cgi/io/virtualinput.cgi
Alias /index.html /etc/httpd/html/index.html
Alias / /etc/httpd/html
3. This creates an alias to your own index.html file stored in the /etc/httpd/html/
directory and redirects access to it. Save the edited boa.conf in the camera, by
clicking the Save file button. The next time you access the camera your own web page
will now be the first page displayed.
Customizing The AXIS 230
AXIS 230
After making these changes, you will not be able to automatically access the default index
page. Instead you must type in the complete URL to access it:
or, if PTZ is enabled:
As an alternative to the above, edit the line starting with Document Root so that it points
directly to the local directory. After doing this, however, you will then be unable to access the
original home pages - so be warned!
AXIS 230
Unit Connections
Appendix D - Unit Connections
The D-Sub Connector
The AXIS 230 provides one 9-pin D-sub connector, providing the physical interface for an
RS-232 port, used for connecting accessory equipment; such as stand-alone Pan/Tilt
devices for the remote positioning of connected video cameras.
A diagram of the RS-232 connector, complete with pin assignment table, is shown below.
The Terminal Block
The terminal block is located on the rear panel and provides the interface to a single
transistor output, two digital inputs, an RS-485 interface and GND.
This section describes the pinout, interface support and the control and monitoring
functions provided by the terminal block.
Terminal Block Pinout
Digital Input 1
1k internal pull-up. Connect to GND to activate.
Digital Input 2
1k internal pull-up. Connect to GND to activate.
Digital output
Maximum current sink of 100mA (via logical 0 output.) Handles a maximum voltage of
24V DC, which is grounded at a maximum of 100mA. This output has an open-collector NPN transistor with the emitter connected to pin 1. If used with an external relay,
a diode must be connected in parallel with the load, for protection against voltage
RS-485-A (non-inverting)
A half-duplex RS-485/422 interface for controlling auxiliary equipment.
RS-485-A (inverting)
Unit Connections
Schematic Diagram - Terminal Connector Block
AXIS 230
AXIS 230
Unit Connections
Connecting Pan/Tilt Devices
The AXIS 230 supports a range of Pan Tilt device drivers. The driver is selected from the
COM Port settings, which are found under System options - Ports & Devices. Please see the
online help or for a complete list of supported devices.
The diagram below illustrates how the AXIS 230 connects to your workstation and a Pan
Tilt device.
Pan Tilt
Device Driver
COM port
AXIS 230
Administration Tools
Pan Tilt
Installation Procedure
1. Attach the Pan/Tilt device to the RS-232 port (serial connector) or the RS-485 port on
the Terminal Block, using the appropriate cable.
2. From the AXIS 230 Home Page, click Setup.
3. Under System Options - Ports & Devices - select the port the device is connected to.
Then select Pan/Tilt as the Usage for that port.
4. Now select the driver for your Pan/Tilt/Zoom device from the drop-down list. Click
Save. To make device-specific settings, click the button provided.
5. You can now configure preset positions for your device from the Devices page, under
Port Status & Devices.
Advanced users and application developers can also use the Axis Application Programming Interface and HTTP specification for generic control of pan tilt devices using CGI parameters or a
TCP/IP client. Please refer to the Axis Web site for further information.
Unit Connections
AXIS 230
Controlling and Monitoring
By entering http requests in your browser’s URL field, you can:
• drive the transistor output high or low
• monitor the status of the digital inputs
This requires administrator access to the AXIS 230, and thus a user name and password.
Log in as root and supply the root password (default = pass).
Developers wishing to create applications incorporating sophisticated alarm conditioning using the
transistor output and digital inputs are encouraged to read the Camera API, HTTP-Interface Specification, available from the Axis Web at
Transistor Output
The output can directly drive a maximum load of 24V DC at 100mA. By connecting
additional relay circuitry, heavier loads can be driven.
The transistor output is controlled using HTTP requests, as shown in the following
Example 1: - Set output 1 ON
Example 2: - Set two 300ms pulses with 500ms delay between the pulses, on output 1.
Example 3: - Wait 1 second before setting output 1 ON.
Digital Inputs
Two digital inputs allow the AXIS 230 to be configured for device triggered events. For
example, by connecting a motion detector to a digital input, it is a relatively simple
procedure to trigger an event each time the detector is activated.
Querying the Status of Digital Inputs
The status of the digital inputs can be queried in exactly the same way as the relay output.
Simply enter the following URL to query the status of the digital inputs:
AXIS 230
Example: - Monitor data on inputs 1 and 2
The AXIS 230 then displays the status of the inputs, as follows:
Input 1 = 0
Input 2 = 1
Unit Connections
Audio Settings
AXIS 230
Appendix E - Audio Settings
The maximum audio level depends on the configuration used.
• Selecting external microphone and high sensitivity input, sets the 0dB level (the maximum
level) to 25mVpp.
• Selecting external microphone and low sensitivity input, sets the 0dB level (the maximum
level) to 270mVpp.
• Selecting external line input sets the 0dB level (maximum level) to 3.0 Vpp.
The Audio LED remains unlit as long as the audio level is below -20dB, as compared to the
maximum audio level, which is defined as 0dB.
The LED turns green when the audio level is between -20dB and 0dB. This is the optimum
audio level. The LED turns red if the audio level rises above the clip level (the maximum
level), that is, above 0dB.
Generally speaking, normal speech at a distance of 1 meter will, in high sensitivity mode,
produce sound levels high enough to light the LED green. When the microphone is set up
in a noisy environment, it may be necessary to set the sensitivity to "low," otherwise the
clip level will be reached and the sound will become distorted. For very high sound
pressure levels, use an external microphone with a controlled output level.
The audio “event" (as used to trigger events) always correlates to if the green LED is lit. By
using different input settings, the audio event trigger level can thus be given different
The master volume does not affect the maximum levels into the A/D-converter in the
camera, nor does it affect the audio input LED or the trigger level for the audio event. The
master volume is only a gain factor that changes the already sampled and digitized signal.
For this reason it is important that the signal is handled within the correct dynamic range,
by changing the sensitivity settings rather than the master volume - otherwise the signal
may become distorted due to input overload.
The Master volume can be used to match other PC-produced "wave sounds", since there is
no separate volume control for the decoded audio in the PC sound card interface. This
means that system sounds in the client computer are affected by the same volume control
as the incoming sound from the Axis 230.
Normally, the Audio LED monitors the input level and will show red if the audio input
signal is too strong, which will also be apparent as the sound becomes distorted. However,
increasing the Master Gain may cause distortion at other levels, which will not be
indicated by the Audio LED. For this reason, increasing the Master Gain when the Audio
LED shows almost constant green is not recommended.
AXIS 230
Technical Specifications
Appendix F - Technical Specifications
System Requirements - Windows® 2000 or Windows XP (with latest Service Pack.) AGP
graphics card with 16 MB video memory and support for DirectDraw®. Use the latest
available driver. Internet Explorer 5.5 or higher (with latest Service Pack.) DirectX® (latest
Installation - Physical network connection using RJ-45 twisted pair cable. 10baseT or
100baseTX Fast Ethernet.
Management - Remote configuration and status using Web-based tools.
Video Features - MPEG-2 video compression. Configurable resolution, color and quality
Audio In - One 3.5mm input for stereo or mono microphone, or for line-in stereo or mono
signal. The logical port is selected in the web interface.
Stereo microphone input - High sens. Max:-39.0 dBu (25 mVpp)
Stereo microphone input - Low sens. Max:-18.1 dBu (270 mVpp)
Line input - Max:+2.7 dBu (3.0 Vpp)
Supported Network protocols - TCP/IP, HTTP, FTP, SMTP, NTP, ARP, DHCP, BOOTP, RTP
Terminal block connector - 2 digital inputs (max 12 V in) and 1 transistor output (max 24 V,
0.1 A). 1 pin for ground. 2 pins for RS-485 serial communication.
Pre/Post Alarm Buffer - Approximately 15 MB memory for storage of pre/post alarm video.
Serial Connector - One 9-pin D-Sub RS-232, max 115 Kbit/s.
Pan/Tilt - Pan/Tilt support via RS-232 or RS-485 for remote camera control. See or the online help for information about supported devices.
Security - Multi-user and multi-level password protection.
Operating Conditions: - Temp: +5o to +50o C (41o to 122o F). Humidity: 20-80% RH.
Illumination - Min illumination = 0,7 lux (at F1.4 1/60s NTSC or 1/50s PAL) (50IRE) (down
to 0.01 lux, depending on shutter speed.) Recommended illumination: 100 to 100.000 lux.
Technical Specifications
AXIS 230
Approvals - EMC
• EN 55024:1998+A1 (CISPR 24:1997+A1.) Applies when using the internal microphone or an
external line input, but not when using an external microphone.
• EN61000-6-1:2001
• EN61000-6-2:2001
• EN 55022:1998+A1 Class B (CISPR 22:1997+A1, Class B)
• FCC Part 15, Subpart B, Class B demonstrated by compliance with EN 55022 (CISPR 22)
• EN 61000-3-2:2000
• EN 61000-3-3:1995+A1
• VCCI:2003, Class B, ITE (Japan)
(CISPR 22:1997+A1, Class B)
• C-Tick mark - according to AS/NZS3548 (equivalent to CISPR 22:1997+A1) (Australia)
Approvals - Safety - EN60950, CSA.
Metrics: - Height: 3.15” (80mm), Width: 2.95” (75mm), Length (without connectors): 6.73”
(171mm), Weight: 1.65lb (0.75kg) excluding Power Supply.
Hardware - MPEG-2 compression chip, ETRAX-100LX, 32-bit RISC, 100 MIPS CPU, 32 MB
Power - PS-K, (included) 9V DC, 9W. Alternative supply 7-11V DC, min 7W.
Complimentary Software - AXIS Media Control (ActiveX component software for Microsoft
Internet Explorer - supplied with the product). AXIS IP Utility - for quick and simple
installation. Available from the Axis web site.
File size - The file sizes delivered by the AXIS 230 can be calculated as follows:
(Ba + Bv) x 1000 x 60
= file size in bytes/minute
Bv = Bit rate for video (kbit/s), Ba = Bit rate for audio (kbit/s, 0 if not enabled).
All specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
AXIS 230
Appendix G - Bandwidth
As different networks have different characteristics and different amounts of bandwidth
available, the AXIS 230’s video and audio settings may need to be adjusted to suit the
prevailing conditions.
The Video Quality Level
The video quality level describes how much video data is transferred per second, and can
be set in the range 1-7 (lowest to highest). Whether or not you should use the highest
available level depends on the answers to a few questions:
Does your application actually need a video stream at the highest quality? Try viewing the
live video stream and uploading MPEG-2 files using several different quality levels.
Are there other bandwidth-dependent services running on the same network? Will the
quality level used by the AXIS 230 cause problems for these services?
How many clients are likely to be viewing the video stream at any one time? The
maximum number of (unicast) viewing clients on a local area network is 3.
Video Quality vs. Bit Rate
The quality of the video stream in relation to the bit rate is roughly illustrated by the
following graph.
AXIS 230
Other Considerations
• The MPEG-2 encoder chip in the AXIS 230 is designed for constant video bit rates from 1.0 8.0 Mbit/s. The parameter on the encoder chip that controls the video bit rate allows even
lower settings, but not at constant bit rates. At low bit rates, the encoder delivers variable bit
rates, and the rate is strongly affected by the selected video resolution and image information.
• The video quality level can be set from 1 (low) to 7 (high.) When using the levels 1-3, the bit
rate can become variable. The total bandwidth usage is determined by the audio and video
quality level and the protocol-specific contribution. Using quality levels lower than 3 may
reduce bandwidth usage at the expense of image quality.
The table below shows recommended video quality levels at various resolutions:
• There is a limit of 3 simultaneous uploads at any one time, although the number of event
types configured to upload can be greater than 3.
• If installing multiple units on the same network, the bandwidth requirements will be significantly higher.
AXIS 230
Access from a browser 14
Actions 21
Activate output port 24
Allowed IP addresses 31
Notification servers 26
Upload servers 25
Users 30
Additional information - upload servers 25
Administrator - user group 31
Advanced image settings 19
Allowed IP addresses 31
Anonymous viewers 30
Applications 8
Audio - event triggering 23
Audio Equipment 14
Audio In connector 14
Audio settings 20, 54
Automatic IP Configuration 33
AXIS IP Utility 11
AXIS Media Control 13
Bandwidth 57
Base file names 24
Brightness 18
Camera features 6
Clients 12
COM-Port 36
Event types 21
Firewall 31
Network 33
Notification servers 26
Upload servers 25
Users 30
Connecting Pan/Tilt devices 51
Connectors 49
Control Applet 13
Critical Log 37
Custom Parameters - HTTP notifications 26
Customizing the camera 45
Date & time settings 32
Devices 27
Digital output 49
DirectX 12
Disconnected Video Sources 17
DNS 34
D-Sub Connector 49
Email event notification 25
Emergency recovery 43
Events 21
Events and event types 17
External mic power 20
Factory Default Settings 38
Firewall 31
Firmware 39
Focus Near Limit 19
Front panel 9
IP address notification 33
upload servers 25
Group of Pictures (GOP) 19
Hardware Inventory 10
Home page 47
event notification 25
IP address notification 33
notification server 26
port number 34
I/O Terminal Block 49
Information Log 37
Input Ports - event triggering 23
Inputs 36
Installation 11
Installing Pan/Tilt devices 51
Internet Explorer 12
IO Ports 36
IP address notification 33
IP addresses - allowed 31
IP Utility 11
IR Illumination 19
Keep active during event 24
Keep active for 24
Layout - live view 20
Live View 14, 16
Log files 37, 39
Log files - event triggering 23
Mail settings 35
Maintenance 37
Manual IP Configuration 34
Manual trigger 23
Master volume 54
AXIS 230
Max Digital Zoom 19
Mic input sensitivity 20
Microphones 14
Mirror 19
MPEG-2 13
Multicasting 6, 35
Network settings 33
Network Traffic 34
New home page 47
Notification servers 26
NTP Server 32
Operation 15
Operator - user group 31
Output 24, 36
Own web pages 46
Pan/Tilt 17
Pan/Tilt devices 17, 51
Parameter List 37
Passwords 30
Ping 11
Pinout - I/O connectors 49
Port Status 27
Ports & devices 36
Positional control 17
Preset posistions 28
Pre-trigger recording 24
Quality level 18
Rear panel 9
Recommended platform 12
Recovery 43
Reports 37
Resolution 18
AXIS 230
Respond to trigger... 22
Restarting the server 37
Restoring the factory default settings 37
Retry count - HTTP notifications 26
Root password 30
RS-232 36
RS-232 serial interface 49
RS-485 36
RTP 35
Schematic diagram 50
Sensitivity - microphone setting 14
Server boot - event triggering 23
Server Report 39
Setting up event types 22
Setup Tools 17
Sharpness 18
Shutter speed 18
IP address notification 33
network settings 35
Source modulation 18
Specifications 55
Splitting uploads 23
Suffixes 24
Support 37, 39
System options 29
System requirements 12
event notification 25
notification servers 27
Port number 32
TCP/IP network settings 33
Technical specifications 55
Terminal block 49
Time Zone 32
Timer - event triggering 23
Transistor output 52
Trigger types 23
Triggers 21
Troubleshooting 39
Unicasting 6
Updated firmware 43
Upload servers 25
Uploading to FTP servers 23
User groups 31
Users 30
Video bit rate 57
Video quality 57
Video Settings 18
Viewer - user group 31
Volume 20
Warning Log 37
When triggered... 23
White Balance 18
Glossary of Terms
AXIS 230
Glossary of Terms
ActiveX - A control (or set of rules) used by a browser.
ActiveX controls are often downloaded and installed
automatically as required.
NWAY - A network protocol that automatically negotiates the
highest possible common transmission speed between two
ARP - Address Resolution Protocol. A protocol for
assigning an IP address to a physical device address that is
recognized in the local network. The ARP command can be
used to set the IP-address for your product.
Ping - A small utility used for sending data packets to network
resources to check that they are working and that the network
is intact.
ARTPEC - Axis Real Time Picture Encoder - used for image
PPP - Point-to-Point Protocol. A method allowing one
computer to connect to another, usually via a modem over a
phone line.
BOOTP - A protocol that can automatically configure a
network device (give it an IP address).
Pre/post alarm image - The images from immediately before
and after an alarm.
CGI - Common Gateway Interface. A set of rules (or a
program) that allows a Web Server to communicate with
other programs.
Protocol - A special set of rules governing how two entities will
communicate. Protocols are found at many levels of
communication, and there are hardware protocols and software
DSL - Digital Subscriber Line. A means of transferring data
via standard phone lines.
Ethernet - A widely used networking standard.
ETRAX - Axis' own microprocessor.
Firewall - A virtual barrier between a LAN (Local Area
Network) and other networks, e.g. the Internet.
Frame Grabber card - Plug-in hardware for "grabbing"
FTP - File Transfer Protocol. Used for simple transfer of
files to and from an ftp-server.
HTML - Hypertext Mark-up Language. Used widely for
authoring documents viewed in web browsers.
HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol. The set of rules for
exchanging files (text, images, sound, video, and other
files) on the World Wide Web.
Intranet - A private network limited to an organization or
corporation. Usually closed to external traffic.
IP - Internet-Protocol. See TCP/IP.
IP address (number) - A unique number used by a computer
on the network to allow it to be identified and found.
JPEG - A standard image format, used widely for
photographs. Also known as JPG.
LAN - A local area network (LAN) is a group of computers
and associated devices that typically share common
resources within a limited geographical area.
Linux - A popular operating system, that is “open source”
and practically free of charge.
Lux - A standard unit for light measurement.
- Megabits
per second. A unit for measuring speeds
Quick User’s Guide
in networks. A LAN might run at 10 or 100 Mbit/s.
RTP - The Real-Time Transport Protocol is an Internet protocol
standard that specifies a way for programs to manage the
real-time transmission of multimedia data over unicast or
multicast network services. RTP combines its data transport
with a control protocol (RTCP), making it possible to monitor
data delivery for large multicast networks. Both protocols work
independently of the underlying Transport layer and Network
layer protocols. As a rule, RTP runs on top of the User
Datagram Protocol (UDP), although it can use other transport
SMTP - A common e-mail protocol.
TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. A
suite of network protocols that determine how data is
transmitted. TCP/IP is used on many networks, including the
Internet. TCP keeps track of the individual packets of
information and IP contains the rules for how the packets are
actually sent and received.
UDP - The User Datagram Protocol is a communications
protocol that offers a limited amount of service when messages
are exchanged between computers in a network that uses the
Internet Protocol (IP). UDP is an alternative to the Transmission
Control Protocol (TCP) and, together with IP, is also known as
URL - Uniform Resource Locator. An "address" on the network.
WAN - Wide-Area-Network. Similar to a LAN, but on a larger
geographical scale.
Web server - A program on a computer that delivers the
resources (usually web pages) requested by the web user (the