Moxa Technologies NPort 5100 Series User`s manual

NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
First Edition, December 2004
www.moxa.com/product
Moxa Technologies Co., Ltd.
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NPort 5110 User’s Manual
The software described in this manual is furnished under a license agreement and may be used only in
accordance with the terms of that agreement.
Copyright Notice
Copyright  2004 Moxa Technologies Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction without permission is prohibited.
Trademarks
MOXA is a registered trademark of Moxa Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks or registered marks in this manual belong to their respective
manufacturers.
Disclaimer
Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the
part of Moxa.
Moxa provides this document “as is,” without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, but
not limited to, its particular purpose. Moxa reserves the right to make improvements and/or changes to this
manual, or to the products and/or the programs described in this manual, at any time.
Information provided in this manual is intended to be accurate and reliable. However, Moxa Technologies
assumes no responsibility for its use, or for any infringements on the rights of third parties that may result from
its use.
This product might include unintentional technical or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the
information herein to correct such errors, and these changes are incorporated into new editions of the
publication.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Introduction .............................................................................................. 1-1
Chapter 2
Getting Started ......................................................................................... 2-1
Chapter 3
Initial IP Address Configuration.............................................................. 3-1
Chapter 4
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode ................................................... 4-1
Chapter 5
Web Console Configuration .................................................................... 5-1
Overview.......................................................................................................... 1-2
Package Checklist ........................................................................................... 1-2
Product Features ............................................................................................. 1-2
Product Specifications ..................................................................................... 1-3
Panel Layout.................................................................................................... 2-2
Connecting the Hardware................................................................................ 2-2
Connecting the Power ......................................................................................... 2-2
Connecting to the Network.................................................................................. 2-3
Connecting to a Serial Device ............................................................................. 2-3
LED Indicators .................................................................................................... 2-3
Initializing NPort 5110’s IP Address ................................................................ 3-2
Factory Default IP Address.............................................................................. 3-2
NPort 5110 Administration Suite ..................................................................... 3-2
ARP ................................................................................................................. 3-2
Telnet Console................................................................................................. 3-3
Serial Console (19200, n, 8, 1)........................................................................ 3-6
Overview.......................................................................................................... 4-2
TCP Server Mode............................................................................................ 4-2
TCP Client Mode ............................................................................................. 4-2
UDP Mode ....................................................................................................... 4-3
Real COM Mode .............................................................................................. 4-3
Pair Connection Mode ..................................................................................... 4-3
Ethernet Modem Mode .................................................................................... 4-4
Opening Your Browser .................................................................................... 5-2
Basic Settings .................................................................................................. 5-4
Network Settings ............................................................................................. 5-5
Serial Settings.................................................................................................. 5-8
Operating Settings......................................................................................... 5-10
Real COM Mode ............................................................................................... 5-10
TCP Server Mode.............................................................................................. 5-12
TCP Client Mode .............................................................................................. 5-15
UDP Mode ........................................................................................................ 5-18
Pair Connection Slave Mode............................................................................. 5-20
Pair Connection Master Mode........................................................................... 5-21
Ethernet Modem................................................................................................ 5-22
Accessible IP Settings ................................................................................... 5-25
Auto Warning Settings................................................................................... 5-26
Auto Warning: E-mail and SNMP Trap............................................................ 5-26
Event Type ........................................................................................................ 5-27
Change Password ......................................................................................... 5-29
Load Factory Defaults ................................................................................... 5-29
Chapter 6
Configuring Windows Administrator...................................................... 6-1
Chapter 7
IP Serial LIB .............................................................................................. 7-1
Appendix A
Pinouts and Cable Wiring....................................................................... A-1
Appendix B
Well Known Port Numbers ..................................................................... B-1
Appendix C
SNMP Agents with MIB II & RS-232 Like Groups ................................. C-1
Appendix D
Auto IP Report Protocol.......................................................................... D-1
Appendix E
Service Information..................................................................................E-1
Overview.......................................................................................................... 6-2
Installing Windows Administrator..................................................................... 6-2
Configuration ................................................................................................... 6-6
Broadcast Search ................................................................................................. 6-7
Unlock Password Protection ............................................................................. 6-10
Configuring NPort 5110.................................................................................... 6-12
Upgrade Firmware............................................................................................. 6-14
Export/Import.................................................................................................... 6-15
Monitor........................................................................................................... 6-16
Port Monitor ................................................................................................... 6-22
COM Mapping................................................................................................ 6-23
On-line COM Mapping ..................................................................................... 6-23
Off-line COM Mapping .................................................................................... 6-29
IP Location..................................................................................................... 6-30
Overview.......................................................................................................... 7-2
IP Serial LIB Function Groups ......................................................................... 7-3
Example Program............................................................................................ 7-3
Port Pinout Diagrams ...................................................................................... A-2
Ethernet Port Pinouts...........................................................................................A-2
Serial Port Pinouts...............................................................................................A-2
Cable Wiring Diagrams.................................................................................... A-3
Ethernet Cables ...................................................................................................A-3
MOXA Internet Services .................................................................................. E-2
Problem Report Form ...................................................................................... E-3
Product Return Procedure............................................................................... E-4
1
Chapter 1
Introduction
Welcome to NPort 5110, an advanced, 1-port RS-232 serial device server that makes it easy to
network-enable your devices.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
!
Overview
!
Package Checklist
!
Product Features
!
Product Specifications
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Introduction
Overview
NPort 5110 serial device server is designed to make your industrial serial devices Internet ready
instantly, and is well-suited for POS security market applications. The compact size of NPort 5110
device server makes them the ideal choice for connecting your RS-232 serial devices, such as card
reader, payment terminal, to an IP-based Ethernet LAN, making it possible for your software to
access serial devices located anywhere on a local LAN, or the Internet.
NPort 5110 serial device server provides TCP Server, TCP Client, UDP Server/Client, Pair
Connection, and Ethernet Modem, ensuring the compatibility of network software that uses a
standard network API (Winsock, BSD Sockets). And thanks to NPort’s Real COM/TTY drivers,
software that works with COM/TTY ports can now work on a TCP/IP network in no time. This
excellent feature preserves your software investment and lets you enjoy the benefits of networking
your serial devices instantly.
NPort 5110 device servers support automatic IP configuration protocols (DHCP, BOOTP) and
manual configuration via the handy web browser console. Both methods ensure quick and
effective installation. And with NPort 5110’s Windows Utility, installation is very straightforward,
since all system parameters can be stored and then copied to other device servers simultaneously.
Package Checklist
NPort 5110 products are shipped with the following items:
Standard Accessories
! 1 NPort 5110 serial device server
! Quick Installation Guide
! NPort Documentation and Software CD-ROM
! Power Adaptor
Optional Accessories
! DK-35A: DIN-Rail Mounting Kit (35mm)
NOTE: Notify your sales representative if any of the above items is missing or damaged.
Product Features
NPort 5110 has the following features:
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
Low cost, credit card size
Makes your serial devices Internet ready
Easy wall and DIN-Rail mounting
Real COM/TTY driver for Windows and Linux
Fixed TTY driver for SCO OpenServer, SCO Unixware 7, SCO Unixware 2.1
Versatile socket operation modes, including TCP Server, TCP Client, UDP, and Ethernet
Modem modes
Pair Connection mode for connecting two serial devices over a network without a PC
Easy-to-use Windows Utility for mass installation
Auto-detecting 10/100 Mbps Ethernet
Built-in 15KV ESD protection for all serial signals
Supports SNMP MIB-II for network management
Configuration via web/Telnet/serial console
Configuration utility automatically finds NPort devices on the network
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Introduction
Product Specifications
LAN
Ethernet
10/100 Mbps, RJ45
Protection
Built-in 1.5 KV magnetic isolation
NPort 5110 Serial Interface
Interface
RS-232
No. of Ports
1
Port Type
Male DB9
Signals
TxD, RxD, RTS, CTS, DTR, DSR, DCD, GND
Serial Line Protection
15 KV ESD for all signals
Power Line Protection
4 KV Burst (EFT), EN61000-4-4
2 KV Surge, EN61000-4-5
Advanced Built-in Features
Watch Dog Timer
Serial Communication Parameters
Parity
None, Even, Odd, Space, Mark
Data Bits
5, 6, 7, 8
Stop Bit
1, 1.5, 2
Flow Control
RTS/CTS, XON/XOFF, DTR/DSR
Transmission Speed
110 bps to 230.4 Kbps
Software Features
Protocols
ICMP, IP, TCP, UDP, DHCP, BOOTP, Telnet, DNS, SNMP,
HTTP, SMTP
Utilities
NPort Administrator for Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP/2003
Real COM/TTY Drivers
Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP/2003 Real COM driver,
Linux real TTY driver, Unix fixed TTY driver
Configuration
Web Browser, Serial/Telnet Console, or Windows Utility
Power Requirements
Power Input
9 to 30 VDC
Power Consumption
Mechanical
Casing
Aluminum case (1 mm)
Dimensions (W × H × D)
50 × 80 × 22 mm (1.97 × 3.15 × 0.87 in)
Environmental
Operating Temperature
0 to 55°C (32 to 131°F), 5 to 95%RH
Storage Temperature
-20 to 85°C (-4 to 185°F), 5 to 95%RH
Regulatory Approvals
EMC
FCC Class A, CE Class A
Safety
UL, CUL, TÜV
WARRANTY
5 years
1-3
2
Chapter 2
Getting Started
This chapter includes information about installing NPort 5110. The following topics are covered:
!
Panel Layout
!
Connecting the Hardware
"
Connecting the Power
"
Connecting to the Network
"
Connecting to a Serial Device
"
LED Indicators
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Getting Started
Panel Layout
NPort 5110
Rear Panel View
RJ45 10/100M Ethernet port
Reset button
Power input
Top Panel View
RESET
9-30VDC
10/100M
Ethernet
DIN-Rail
screw hole
5110
Serial Device Server
Wallmount
screw hole
Ready
Link
Tx/Rx
Port 1 RS-232
Front Panel View
Male DB9 serial port
Stick-on pad
Connecting the Hardware
This section describes how to connect NPort 5110 to serial devices for first time testing purposes.
We cover Connecting to the Network, Connecting to a Serial Device, and LED Indicators.
Connecting the Power
Connect the 9-30 VDC power cord with NPort 5110’s power input. The “Ready” LED will show a
solid red color until the system is ready, at which time the “Ready” LED will change to a green
color.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Getting Started
Connecting to the Network
Connect one end of the Ethernet cable to NPort 5110’s 10/100M Ethernet port and the other end of
the cable to the Ethernet network. NPort 5110 will indicate a valid connection to the Ethernet in
the following ways:
! The Ethernet LED maintains a solid green color when connected to a 100 Mbps Ethernet
network.
! The Ethernet LED maintains a solid orange color when connected to a 10 Mbps Ethernet
network.
! The Ethernet LED will flash when Ethernet packets are being transmitted or received.
Connecting to a Serial Device
Connect the serial data cable between NPort 5110 and the serial device. NPort 5110’s serial port
uses the RS-232 interface to transmit data. The port uses a standard male DB9 pin assignment.
Refer to Appendix A to see the signal definitions for the port.
LED Indicators
NPort 5110 has 3 LED indicators, as described in the following table.
LED Name
LED Color
Red
Ready
Green
Link
Off
Orange
Green
Off
Tx/Rx
LED Function
Steady on: Power is on and NPort 5110 is booting up.
Blinking: Indicates an IP conflict, or DHCP or BOOTP server
did not respond properly.
Steady on: Power is on and NPort 5110 is functioning normally.
Blinking: The device server has been located by
Administrator’s Location function.
Power is off, or power error condition exists.
10 Mbps Ethernet connection.
100 Mbps Ethernet connection.
Ethernet cable is disconnected, or has a short.
Orange
Serial port is receiving data.
Green
Serial port is transmitting data.
Off
No data is being transmitted or received through the serial port.
2-3
3
Chapter 3
Initial IP Address Configuration
When setting up your NPort 5110 for the first time, you should first configure the IP address. This
chapter introduces the method to configure the device server’s IP address. For more details about
network settings, see the Network Settings section from Chapter 5, Web Console Configuration.
This chapter includes the following sections:
!
Initializing NPort 5110’s IP Address
!
Factory Default IP Address
!
NPort 5110 Administration Suite # recommended configuration method
!
ARP
!
Telnet Console
!
Serial Console (19200, n, 8, 1)
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
Initializing NPort 5110’s IP Address
1.
Determine whether your NPort 5110 needs to use a Static IP or Dynamic IP (either DHCP or
BOOTP application).
2.
If NPort 5110 is used in a Static IP environment, you can use NPort 5110 Administration
Suite, ARP, Web Console, Telnet Console, or Serial Console to configure the new IP address.
3.
If NPort 5110 is used in a Dynamic IP environment, you can use NPort 5110 Administration
Suite, Web Console, Telnet Console, or Serial Console to configure NPort 5110 to get an IP
address dynamically with DHCP, DHCP/BOOTP, or BOOTP.
ATTENTION
Consult your network administrator on how to reserve a fixed IP address for your NPort 5110 in
the MAC-IP mapping table when using a DHCP Server or BOOTP Server. In most applications,
you should assign a fixed IP address to your NPort 5110.
Factory Default IP Address
NPort 5110 products are configured with the following default private IP address:
192.168.127.254
Default IP address:
(IP addresses of the form 192.168.xxx.xxx are referred to as private IP addresses, since it is not
possible to directly access a device configured with a private IP address from a public network.
For example, you would not be able to ping such a device from an outside Internet connection.
NPort 5110 applications that require sending data over a public network, such as the Internet,
require setting up the server with a valid public IP address, which can be leased from a local ISP.)
NPort 5110 Administration Suite
NPort 5110 Administration Suite consists of some useful utility programs that are used to
configure and manage your NPort 5110s.
See Chapter 5 for details on how to install NPort 5110 Administration Suite, and how to use
this suite of useful utilities to set up IP addresses and configure your NPort 5110 serial device
servers.
ARP
You can make use of the ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) command to set up an IP address for
your NPort 5110. The ARP command tells your computer to associate the NPort 5110’s MAC
address with the intended IP address. You must then use Telnet to access the NPort 5110, at which
point the device server’s IP address will be reconfigured.
ATTENTION
In order to use the ARP setup method, both your computer and NPort 5110 must be connected to
the same LAN. Or, you may use a cross-over Ethernet cable to connect the NPort 5110 directly
to your computer’s Ethernet card. Your NPort 5110 must be configured with the factory default
IP address—192.168.127.254—before executing the ARP command, as described below.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
Take the following steps to use ARP to configure the IP address:
1.
Obtain a valid IP address for your NPort 5110 from your network administrator.
2.
Obtain NPort 5110’s MAC address from the label on its bottom panel.
3.
Execute the ‘arp -s’ command from your computer’s MS-DOS prompt by typing:
arp –s 192.168.200.100 00-90-E8-xx-xx-xx
This is where 192.168.200.100 is the new IP address and 00-90-E8-xx-xx-xx is the MAC
address for your NPort 5110. You will need to change both numbers, as described above in
items 1 and 2.
4.
Next, execute a special Telnet command by typing:
telnet 192.168.200.100 6000
After issuing this command, a Connect failed message will appear, as shown here. After the
NPort 5110 reboots, its IP address should be updated to the new address, and you can
reconnect using either Telnet, Web, or Administrator to check that the update was successful.
Telnet Console
Depending on how your computer and network are configured, you may find it convenient to use
network access to set up your NPort 5110’s IP address. This can be done using Telnet.
1.
From the Windows desktop, click on Start and then select Run.
2.
Type telnet 192.168.127.254 (use the correct IP address if different from the default) in the
Open text input box, and then click OK.
3.
When the Telnet window opens, if you are prompted to input the Console password, input the
password and then press Enter. Note that this page will only appear if the NPort 5110 is
password protected.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
4.
Type 2 to select Network settings, and then press Enter.
5.
Type 1 to select IP address and then press Enter.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
6.
Use the Backspace key to erase the current IP address, type in the new IP address, and then
press Enter.
7.
Press any key to continue.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
8.
Type m and then press Enter to return to the main menu.
9.
Type s and then press Enter to Save/Restart the system.
10. Type y and then press Enter to save the new IP address and restart NPort 5110.
Serial Console (19200, n, 8, 1)
You may use the RS-232 console port to set up the IP address for NPort 5110. We suggest using
PComm Terminal Emulator, which is available free of charge as part of the PComm Lite program
suite (found on the Software CD that comes with the product), to carry out the installation
procedure, although other similar utilities may also be used.
Before you start to configure the NPort 5110 via serial console, turn off the power and connect the
serial cable from NPort 5110 to your computer’s serial port.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
1. Connect NPort 5110’s serial port 1 directly to your computer’s male RS-232 serial port.
2. From the Windows desktop click on Start $ Programs $ PComm Lite $ Terminal
Emulator.
3. When the PComm Terminal Emulator window opens, first click on the Port Manager menu
item and select Open, or simply click on the Open icon.
4. The Property window opens automatically. From the Communication Parameter page,
select the appropriate COM port for the connection, COM1 in this example, and 19200 for
Baud Rate, 8 for Data Bits, None for Parity, and 1 for Stop Bits.
5. From the Property window’s Terminal page, select ANSI or VT100 for Terminal Type and
then click OK. If you select Dumb Terminal as the terminal type, some of the console
functions—especially the “Monitor” function—may not work properly.
6. Press the “ ` ” key continuously and then power on the NPort 5110.
7. NPort 5110 will receive the “ ` ” string continuously and then auto switch from data mode to
console mode.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
8. Input the password when prompted. Note that this page will only appear when the NPort 5110
has been set up for password protection.
9. Start configuring the IP address under Network Settings. Refer to step 4 in the Telnet
Console section for instructions on how to configure the rest of the IP settings.
3-8
4
Chapter 4
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode
In this section, we describe the various NPort 5110 operation modes. The options include an
operation mode that uses a driver installed on the host computer, and operation modes that rely on
TCP/IP socket programming concepts. After choosing the proper operation mode in this chapter,
refer to Chapter 5 for detailed configuration parameter definitions.
!
Overview
!
TCP Server Mode
!
TCP Client Mode
!
UDP Mode
!
Real COM Mode
!
Pair Connection Mode
!
Ethernet Modem Mode
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode
Overview
NPort 5110 Serial Device Servers are used to network-enable traditional RS-232 devices. A Serial
Device Server is a tiny computer equipped with a CPU, real-time OS, and TCP/IP protocols that
can bi-directionally transfer data between the serial and Ethernet formats. Your computer can
access, manage, and configure remote facilities and equipment over the Internet from anywhere in
the world.
Traditional SCADA and data collection systems rely on serial ports (RS-232) to collect data from
various kinds of instruments. Since NPort 5110 Serial Device Servers network-enable instruments
equipped with an RS-232 communication port, your SCADA and data collection system will be
able to access all instruments connected to a standard TCP/IP network, regardless of whether the
devices are used locally or at a remote site.
NPort 5110 is an external IP-based network device that allows you to expand the number of serial
ports for a host computer on demand. As long as your host computer supports the TCP/IP protocol,
you won’t be limited by the host computer’s bus limitation (such as ISA or PCI), or lack of drivers
for various operating systems.
In addition to providing socket access, NPort 5110 also comes with a Real COM/TTY driver that
transmits all serial signals intact. This means that your existing COM/TTY-based software can be
preserved, without needing to invest in additional software.
Three different Socket Modes are available: TCP Server, TCP Client, and UDP Server/Client. The
main difference between the TCP and UDP protocols is that TCP guarantees delivery of data by
requiring the recipient to send an acknowledgement to the sender. UDP does not require this type
of verification, making it possible to offer speedier delivery. UDP also allows data to be unicast or
multicast to only one IP or to different groups of IP addresses.
TCP Server Mode
In TCP Server mode, NPort 5110 is configured with a unique IP:Port address on a TCP/IP network.
NPort 5110 waits passively to be contacted by the host computer, allowing the host computer to
establish a connection with and get data from the serial device. This operation mode also supports
up to 4 simultaneous connections, so that multiple hosts can collect data from the same serial
device—at the same time.
As illustrated in the figure, data transmission proceeds as follows:
1.
The host requests a connection from the NPort 5110 configured for TCP Server Mode.
2.
Once the connection is established, data can be transmitted in both directions—from the host
to the NPort 5110, and from the NPort 5110 to the host.
TCP Client Mode
In TCP Client mode, NPort 5110 can actively establish a TCP connection to a pre-defined host
computer when serial data arrives.
After the data has been transferred, NPort 5110 can automatically disconnect from the host
computer by using the TCP alive check time or Inactivity time settings. Refer to Chapter 5 for
more details.
Data transmission proceeds as follows:
1.
The NPort 5110 configured for TCP Client Mode requests a connection from the host.
2.
Once the connection is established, data can be transmitted in both directions—from the host
to the NPort 5110, and from the NPort 5110 to the host.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode
UDP Mode
Compared to TCP communication, UDP is faster and more efficient. In UDP mode, you can
unicast or multicast data from the serial device to one or multiple host computers, and the serial
device can also receive data from one or multiple host computers, making this mode ideal for
message display applications.
Real COM Mode
NPort 5110 comes equipped with COM drivers that work with Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP
systems, and also TTY drivers for Linux systems. The driver establishes a transparent connection
between host and serial device by mapping the IP:Port of the NPort 5110 port to a local COM port
on the host computer. This operation mode also supports up to 4 simultaneous connections, so that
multiple hosts can collect data from the same serial device at the same time.
ATTENTION
The driver used for Real COM Mode is installed automatically on your computer when you
install NPort 5110 Administration Suite.
One of the major conveniences of using Real COM Mode is that Real COM Mode allows users to
continue using RS-232 serial communications software that was written for pure serial
communications applications. The driver intercepts data sent to the host’s COM port, packs it into
a TCP/IP packet, and then redirects it through the host’s Ethernet card. At the other end of the
connection, the NPort 5110 accepts the Ethernet frame, unpacks the TCP/IP packet, and then
transparently sends it to the appropriate serial device attached to one of the NPort 5110’s serial
ports.
ATTENTION
Real COM Mode allows several hosts to have access control of the same NPort 5110. The driver
that comes with your NPort 5110 controls host access to attached serial devices by checking the
host’s IP address. Refer to Accessible IP Settings in Chapter 5 for more details.
Pair Connection Mode
Pair Connection Mode employs two NPort 5110 device servers in tandem, and can be used to
remove the 15-meter distance limitation imposed by the RS-232 interface. One NPort 5110 is
connected from its RS-232 port to the COM port of a PC or other type of computer, such as
hand-held PDAs that have a serial port, and the serial device is connected to the RS-232 port of the
other NPort 5110. The two NPort 5110 are then connected to each other with a cross-over Ethernet
cable, both are connected to the same LAN, or in a more advanced setup, they communicate with
each other over a WAN (i.e., through one or more routers). Pair Connection Mode transparently
transfers both data and modem control signals (although it cannot transmit the DCD signal)
between the two NPorts.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode
Ethernet Modem Mode
The Ethernet Modem operation mode is designed for use with legacy operating systems, such as
MS-DOS, that do not support TCP/IP Ethernet. By connecting one NPort 5110’s serial port to the
MS-DOS computer’s serial port, it is possible to use legacy software originally designed to transmit
data via modem, but now transmit the data over the Ethernet.
4-4
5
Chapter 5
Web Console Configuration
The Web Console is the most user-friendly method available to configure NPort 5110. This
chapter introduces the Web Console function groups and function definitions.
!
Opening Your Browser
!
Basic Settings
!
Network Settings
!
Serial Settings
!
Operating Settings
"
Real COM Mode
"
TCP Server Mode
"
TCP Client Mode
"
UDP Mode
"
Pair Connection Slave Mode
"
Pair Connection Master Mode
"
Ethernet Modem
!
Accessible IP Settings
!
Auto Warning Settings
"
Auto Warning: E-mail and SNMP Trap
"
Event Type
!
Change Password
!
Load Factory Defaults
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
Opening Your Browser
1. Open your browser with the cookie function enabled. (To enable your browser for cookies,
right click on your desktop Internet Explorer icon, select Properties, click on the Security tab,
and then select the three Enable options as shown in the figure below.)
2. Type 192.168.127.254 in the Address input box (use the correct IP address if different
from the default), and then press Enter.
3. Input the password if prompted. The password will be transmitted with MD5 encryption over
the Ethernet. Note that you will not be prompted to enter the password if the NPort 5110 is not
currently password protected.
ATTENTION
If you use other web browsers, remember to Enable the functions to “allow cookies that are
stored on your computer” or “allow per-session cookies.”
NPort 5110 uses cookies only for “password” transmission.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
ATTENTION
Refer to Chapter 3, “Initial IP Address Configuration,” to see how to configure the IP address.
Examples shown in this chapter use the Factory Default IP address (192.168.127.254).
4. The NPort 5110 homepage will open. On this page, you can see a brief description of the Web
Console’s nine function groups.
ATTENTION
If you can’t remember the password, the ONLY way to start configuring NPort 5110 is to load
factory defaults by using the Reset button located near the NPort 5110’s RJ45 Ethernet
port.Remember to use Windows Administrator to export the configuration file when you have
finished the configuration. After using the Reset button to load factory defaults, your
configuration can be easily reloaded into NPort 5110 by using the Windows Administrator
Import function.If your NPort 5110 application requires using password protection, you must
enable the cookie function in your browser. If the cookie function is disabled, you will not be
allowed to enter the Web Console Screen.
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NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
Basic Settings
Server name
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 39 characters
[model name]_[Serial No.]
Optional
This option is useful for specifying the location or application of different NPort 5110s.
Web/Telnet Console
The “Disable” option for “Web Console” and “Telnet Console” is included for security reasons. In
some cases, you may want to Disable one or both of these console utilities as an extra precaution
to prevent unauthorized users from accessing your NPort 5110. The factory default for both Web
console and Telnet console is Enable.
Web Console
Setting
Enable or Disable
Factory Default
Enable
Necessity
Required
ATTENTION
If you disable both the “Web console” and “Telnet console,” you can still use Windows
Administrator to configure NPort 5110 either locally or remotely over the network. Refer to
Chapter 6 for more details.
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Network Settings
You must assign a valid IP address to NPort 5110 before it will work in your network environment.
Your network system administrator should provide you with an IP address and related settings for
your network. The IP address must be unique within the network (otherwise, NPort 5110 will not
have a valid connection to the network). First time users can refer to Chapter 3, “Initial IP Address
Configuration,” for more information.
You can choose from four possible “IP configuration” modes—Static, DHCP, DHCP/BOOTP,
and BOOTP—located under the web console screen’s IP configuration drop-down box.
IP configuration
Method
Function Definition
Static
DHCP
User defined IP address, Netmask, Gateway.
DHCP Server assigned IP address, Netmask, Gateway, DNS, and Time
Server
DHCP/BOOTP DHCP Server assigned IP address, Netmask, Gateway, DNS, and Time
Server, or BOOTP Server assigned IP address (if the DHCP Server does not
respond)
BOOTP
BOOTP Server assigns IP address
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IP address
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
E.g., 192.168.1.1
192.168.127.254
Required
(IP addresses of the form x.x.x.0 and
x.x.x.255 are invalid.)
An IP address is a number assigned to a network device (such as a computer) as a permanent
address on the network. Computers use the IP address to identify and talk to each other over the
network. Choose a proper IP address which is unique and valid in your network environment.
Netmask
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
E.g., 255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
Required
A subnet mask represents all of the network hosts at one geographic location, in one building, or
on the same local area network. When a packet is sent out over the network, the NPort 5110 will
use the subnet mask to check whether the desired TCP/IP host specified in the packet is on the
local network segment. If the address is on the same network segment as the NPort 5110, a
connection is established directly from the NPort 5110. Otherwise, the connection is established
through the given default gateway.
Gateway
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
E.g., 192.168.1.1
None
Optional
A gateway is a network gateway that acts as an entrance to another network. Usually, the
computers that control traffic within the network or at the local Internet service provider are
gateway nodes. NPort 5110 needs to know the IP address of the default gateway computer in order
to communicate with the hosts outside the local network environment. For correct gateway IP
address information, consult the network administrator.
IP configuration
Setting
Static
DHCP
DHCP/BOOTP
BOOTP
Factory Default
Static
Necessity
Required
ATTENTION
In Dynamic IP environments, the firmware will retry 3 times every 30 seconds until network
settings are assigned by the DHCP or BOOTP server. The Timeout for each try increases from 1
second, to 3 seconds, to 5 seconds.If the DHCP/BOOTP Server is unavailable, the firmware will
use the default IP address (192.168.127.254), Netmask, and Gateway for IP settings.
DNS server 1 / DNS server 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
E.g., 192.168.1.1
None
Optional
(IP addresses of the form x.x.x.0 and
x.x.x.255 are invalid.)
When the user wants to visit a particular website, the computer asks a Domain Name System
(DNS) server for the website’s correct IP address, and then the computer uses the response to
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connect to the web server. DNS is the way that Internet domain names are identified and translated
into IP addresses. A domain name is an alphanumeric name, such as moxa.com, that it is usually
easier to remember. A DNS server is a host that translates this kind of text-based domain name
into the numeric IP address used to establish a TCP/IP connection.
In order to use NPort 5110’s DNS feature, you need to configure the DNS server. Doing so allows
NPort 5110 to use a host’s domain name to access the host. NPort 5110 provides DNS server 1
and DNS server 2 configuration items to configure the IP address of the DNS server. DNS Server
2 is included for use when DNS sever 1 is unavailable.
NPort 5110 plays the role of DNS client, in the sense that the NPort 5110 will actively query the
DNS server for the IP address associated with a particular domain name. NPort 5110 functions that
support domain name are Time server, Destination IP Address in TCP Client mode, Mail
Server, SNMP trap server, and Auto report to IP.
SNMP Settings
Community name
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 39 characters
public
Optional
(E.g., Support, 886-89191230 #300)
A community name is a plain-text password mechanism that is used to weakly authenticate queries
to agents of managed network devices.
Contact
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 39 characters
None
Optional
(E.g., Support, 886-89191230 #300)
The SNMP contact information usually includes an emergency contact name and telephone or
pager number.
Location
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 39 characters
None
Optional
(E.g., Floor 1, office 2)
Specify the location string for SNMP agents such as NPort 5110. This string is usually set to the
street address where the NPort 5110 is physically located.
IP Address Report
When NPort 5110 products are used in a dynamic IP environment, users must spend more time
with IP management tasks. For example, if NPort 5110 works as a server (TCP or UDP), then the
host, which acts as a client, must know the IP address of the server. If the DHCP server assigns a
new IP address to NPort 5110, the host must have some way of determining NPort 5110’s new IP
address.
NPort 5110 products help out by periodically reporting their IP address to the IP location server, in
case the dynamic IP has changed. The parameters shown below are used to configure the Auto IP
report function. There are two ways to develop an “Auto IP report Server” to receive NPort 5110’s
Auto IP report.
1.
Use Device Server Administrator’s IP Address Report function.
2.
“Auto IP report protocol”, which can automatically receive the Auto IP report on a regular
basis, is also available to help you develop your own software. Refer to Appendix E for the
“Auto IP report protocol”.
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Auto report to IP
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
E.g., 192.168.1.1 or URL
None
Optional
(IP addresses of the form x.x.x.0 and
x.x.x.255 are invalid.)
Reports generated by the Auto report function will be automatically sent to this IP address.
Auto report to TCP port
Setting
E.g., 4001
Auto report period
Setting
Time interval (in seconds)
Factory Default
4002
Necessity
Optional
Factory Default
10
Necessity
Optional
Serial Settings
Click on Serial Settings, located under Main Menu, to display serial port settings for port 1.
To modify serial settings for a particular port, click on either Port 1 under Serial Settings, located
under Main Menu on the left side of the browser window.
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Port alias
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 15 characters
None
Optional
(E.g., PLC-No.1)
“Port alias” is included to allow easy identification of the serial devices that are connected to
NPort 5110’s serial port.
Serial Parameters
ATTENTION
Check the serial communication parameters in your Serial Device’s user’s manual. You should
set up NPort 5110’s serial parameters with the same communication parameters used by your
serial devices.
Baud rate
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
110 bps to 230.4 Kbps
115.2 Kbps
Required
Data bits
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
5, 6, 7, 8
8
Required
When the user sets Data bits to 5 bits, the Stop bits setting will automatically change to 1.5 bits.
Stop bits
Setting
Factory Default
1, 1.5, 2
1
Stop bits will be set to 1.5 when Data bits is set to 5 bits.
Necessity
Required
Parity
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
None, Even, Odd, Space, Mark
None
Required
Flow control
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
None, RTS/CTS, DTR/DSR, Xon/Xoff
RTS/CTS
Required
FIFO
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
Enable, Disable
Enable
Required
NPort 5110’s serial ports provide a 16-byte FIFO both in the Tx and Rx directions. To prevent
data loss during communication, disable the FIFO setting when your serial device does not have a
FIFO.
Interface
Model
NPort 5110
Port
1
Settings
RS-232
Factory Default
RS-232
5-9
Necessity
Required
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Operating Settings
Click on Operating Settings, located under Main Menu, to display the operating settings for both
of NPort 5110’s serial ports.
Real COM Mode
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort 5110 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no TCP activity for
the given time. After the connection is closed, NPort 5110 starts listening for another Real COM
driver connection from another host.
Max connection
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1, 2, 3, 4
1
Required
Max connection is usually used when the user needs to receive data from different hosts
simultaneously. The factory default is 1. In this case, only one specific host can access this port of
the NPort 5110, and the Real COM driver on that host will have full control over the port.
Max. connection 1:
Allows only 1 host’s Real COM driver to open the specific NPort 5110 serial port.
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Max connection 2 to 4:
Allows 2 to 4 host’s Real COM drivers to open the specific NPort 5110 serial port, at the same
time. When multiple hosts’ Real COM drivers open the serial port at the same time, the COM
driver only provides a pure data tunnel without control ability. That is, this serial port parameter
will use firmware’s settings, not depend on your application program (AP).
Application software that is based on the COM driver will receive a driver response of “success”
when the software uses any of the Win32 API functions. The firmware will only send the data
back to the driver on the host.
Data will be sent first-in-first-out when data comes into the NPort 5110 from the Ethernet
interface.
ATTENTION
When Max connection is set to 2, 3, or 4, this means that NPort 5110 will be using a “multi
connection application” (i.e., 2, 3, or 4 hosts are allowed access to the port at the same time).
When using a multi connection application, NPort 5110 will use the serial communication
parameters set in the console. All of the hosts connected to that port must use the same serial
settings. If one of the hosts opens the COM port with parameters that are different from NPort
5110’s console setting, data communication may not work properly.
Delimiter 1
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF (hex)
None
Optional
Delimiter 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF (hex)
None
Optional
Once the NPort 5110 receives both delimiters through its serial port, it immediately packs all data
currently in its buffer and sends it to the NPort 5110’s Ethernet port.
ATTENTION
Delimiter 2 is optional. If left blank, then Delimiter 1 alone trips clearing of the buffer. If the size
of the serial data received is greater than 1 KB, the NPort 5110 will automatically pack the data
and send it to the Ethernet. However, to use the delimiter function, you must at least enable
Delimiter 1. If Delimiter 1 is left blank and Delimiter 2 is enabled, the delimiter function will not
work properly.
Force transmit
Setting
0 to 65535 ms
0: Disable the force transmit timeout.
Factory Default
0 ms
Necessity
Optional
1 to 65535: Forces the NPort 5110’s TCP/IP protocol software to try to pack serial data received
during the specified time into the same data frame.
This parameter defines the time interval during which NPort 5110 fetches the serial data from its
internal buffer. If data is incoming through the serial port, NPort 5110 stores the data in the
internal buffer. NPort 5110 transmits data stored in the buffer via TCP/IP, but only if the internal
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buffer is full or if the Force transmit time interval reaches the time specified under Force transmit
timeout.
The optimal Force transmit timeout depends on your application, but it must be at least larger than
one character interval within the specified baud rate. For example, assume that the serial port is set
to 1200 bps, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. In this case, the total number of bits needed to
send a character is 10 bits, and the time required to transfer one character is
( 10 (bits) / 1200 (bits/s) ) * 1000 (ms/s) = 8.3 ms.
Therefore, you should set Force transmit timeout to be larger than 8.3 ms, so in this case, it must
be greater than or equal to 10 ms.
If the user wants to send a series of characters in the same packet, the serial device attached to
NPort 5110 should send that series of characters during a time interval less than the Force transmit
timeout for NPort 5110, and the total length of data must be less than or equal to NPort 5110’s
internal buffer size. The serial communication buffer size for NPort 5110 is 1 KB per port.
TCP Server Mode
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort 5110 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no TCP activity for
the given time. After the connection is closed, NPort 5110 starts listening for another host’s TCP
connection.
Inactivity time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 65535 ms
0 ms
0 ms: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle serial line.
Necessity
Optional
0-65535 ms: NPort 5110 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no serial data activity
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for the given time. After the connection is closed, NPort 5110 starts listening for another host’s
TCP connection.
This parameter defines the maintenance status as Closed or Listen for the TCP connection. The
connection is closed if there is no incoming or outgoing data through the serial port during the
specific Inactivity time.
If the Inactivity time is set to 0, the current TCP connection is kept active until a connection close
request is received. Although Inactivity time is disabled, the NPort 5110 will check the connection
status between the NPort 5110 and remote host by sending “keep alive” packets periodically. If the
remote host does not respond to the packet, NPort 5110 assumes that the connection was closed
down unintentionally. NPort 5110 will then force the existing TCP connection to close.
ATTENTION
The Inactivity time should at least be set larger than that of Force transmit timeout. To prevent
the unintended loss of data due to the session being disconnected, it is highly recommended that
this value is set large enough so that the intended data transfer is completed.
Max connection
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1, 2, 3, 4
1
Required
Max connection is usually used when the user needs to receive data from different hosts
simultaneously. The factory default only allows 1 connection at a time.
Max. Connection 1:
NPort 5110 only allows 1 host to open the TCP connection to the specific serial port.
Max Connection 2 to 4:
Allows 2 to 4 host’s TCP connection request to open this NPort 5110 serial port, at the same time.
When multiple hosts establish a TCP connection to the specific serial port at the same time, NPort
5110 will duplicate the serial data and transmit to all of the hosts. Ethernet data is sent on a
first-in-first-out basis to the serial port when data comes into NPort 5110 from the Ethernet
interface.
Delimiter 1
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF
None
Optional
Delimiter 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF
None
Optional
Once the NPort 5110 receives both delimiters through its serial port, it immediately packs all data
currently in its buffer and sends it out the NPort 5110’s Ethernet port.
ATTENTION
Delimiter 2 is optional. If left blank, then Delimiter 1 alone trips clearing of the buffer. If the size
of the serial data received is greater than 1 KB, the NPort 5110 will automatically pack the data
and send it to the Ethernet. However, to use the delimiter function, you must at least enable
Delimiter 1. If Delimiter 1 is left blank and Delimiter 2 is enabled, the delimiter function will not
work properly.
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Force transmit
Setting
0 to 65535 ms
0: Disable the force transmit timeout.
Factory Default
0 ms
Necessity
Optional
1 to 65535: Forces the NPort 5110’s TCP/IP protocol software to try to pack serial data received
during the specified time into the same data frame.
This parameter defines the time interval during which NPort 5110 fetches the serial data from its
internal buffer. If data is incoming through the serial port, NPort 5110 stores the data in the
internal buffer. NPort 5110 transmits data stored in the buffer via TCP/IP, but only if the internal
buffer is full or if the Force transmit time interval reaches the time specified under Force transmit
timeout.
The optimal Force transmit timeout depends on your application, but it must be at least larger than
one character interval within the specified baud rate. For example, assume that the serial port is set
to 1200 bps, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. In this case, the total number of bits needed to
send a character is 10 bits, and the time required to transfer one character is
( 10 (bits) / 1200 (bits/s) ) * 1000 (ms/s) = 8.3 ms.
Therefore, you should set Force transmit timeout to be larger than 8.3 ms, so in this case, it must
be greater than or equal to 10 ms.
If the user wants to send a series of characters in the same packet, the serial device attached to
NPort 5110 should send that series of characters during a time interval less than the Force transmit
timeout for NPort 5110, and the total length of data must be less than or equal to NPort 5110’s
internal buffer size. The serial communication buffer size for NPort 5110 is 1 KB per port.
Local TCP port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 65535
4001
Required
The “Local TCP port” is the TCP port that NPort 5110 uses to listen to connections, and that other
devices must use to contact NPort 5110. To avoid conflicts with well known TCP ports, the default
is set to 4001.
Command port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 65535
966
Optional
The “Command port” is a listen TCP port for IP-Serial Lib commands from the host. In order to
prevent a TCP port conflict with other applications, the user can set the Command port to another
port if needed. IP-Serial Lib will automatically check the Command Port on NPort 5110 so that the
user does not need to configure the program.
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TCP Client Mode
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort 5110 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no TCP activity for
the given time.
Inactivity time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 65535 ms
0 ms
0 ms: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle serial line.
Necessity
Optional
0-65535 ms: NPort 5110 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no serial data activity
for the given time.
This parameter defines the maintenance status as Closed or Listen for the TCP connection. The
connection is closed if there is no incoming or outgoing data through the serial port during the
specific Inactivity time.
If the Inactivity time is set to 0, the current TCP connection is kept active until a connection close
request is received. Although Inactivity time is disabled, the NPort 5110 will check the connection
status between the NPort 5110 and remote host by sending “keep alive” packets periodically. If the
remote host does not respond to the packet, NPort 5110 assumes that the connection was closed
down unintentionally. NPort 5110 will then force the existing TCP connection to close.
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ATTENTION
The Inactivity time should at least be set larger than that of Force transmit timeout. To prevent
the unintended loss of data due to the session being disconnected, it is highly recommended that
this value is set large enough so that the intended data transfer is completed.
ATTENTION
Inactivity time is ONLY active when “TCP connect on” is set to “Any character.”
Delimiter 1
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF (hex)
None
Optional
Delimiter 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF (hex)
None
Optional
Once the NPort 5110 receives both delimiters through its serial port, it immediately packs all data
currently in its buffer and sends it to the NPort 5110’s Ethernet port.
ATTENTION
Delimiter 2 is optional. If left blank, then Delimiter 1 alone trips clearing of the buffer. If the size
of the serial data received is greater than 1 KB, the NPort 5110 will automatically pack the data
and send it to the Ethernet. However, to use the delimiter function, you must at least enable
Delimiter 1. If Delimiter 1 is left blank and Delimiter 2 is enabled, the delimiter function will not
work properly.
Force transmit
Setting
0 to 65535 ms
0: Disable the force transmit timeout.
Factory Default
0 ms
Necessity
Optional
1 to 65535: Forces the NPort 5110’s TCP/IP protocol software to try to pack serial data received
during the specified time into the same data frame.
This parameter defines the time interval during which NPort 5110 fetches the serial data from its
internal buffer. If data is incoming through the serial port, NPort 5110 stores the data in the
internal buffer. NPort 5110 transmits data stored in the buffer via TCP/IP, but only if the internal
buffer is full or if the Force transmit time interval reaches the time specified under Force transmit
timeout.
The optimal Force transmit timeout depends on your application, but it must be at least larger than
one character interval within the specified baud rate. For example, assume that the serial port is set
to 1200 bps, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. In this case, the total number of bits needed to
send a character is 10 bits, and the time required to transfer one character is
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( 10 (bits) / 1200 (bits/s) ) * 1000 (ms/s) = 8.3 ms.
Therefore, you should set Force transmit timeout to be larger than 8.3 ms, so in this case, it must
be greater than or equal to 10 ms.
If the user wants to send a series of characters in the same packet, the serial device attached to
NPort 5110 should send that series of characters during a time interval less than the Force transmit
timeout for NPort 5110, and the total length of data must be less than or equal to NPort 5110’s
internal buffer size. The serial communication buffer size for NPort 5110 is 1 KB per port.
Destination IP address 1
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
IP address or Domain Name
None
Required
(E.g., 192.168.1.1)
Allows NPort 5110 to connect actively to the remote host whose IP address is set by this
parameter.
Destination IP address 2/3/4
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
IP address or Domain Name
None
Required
(E.g., 192.168.1.1)
Allows NPort 5110 to connect actively to the remote host whose IP address is set by this
parameter.
ATTENTION
Up to 4 connections can be established between NPort 5110 and hosts. The connection speed or
throughput may be low if one of the four connections is slow, since the 1 slow connection will
slow down the other 3 connections.
ATTENTION
The “Destination IP address” parameter can use both IP address and Domain Name. For some
applications, the user may need to send the data actively to the remote destination domain name
TCP connect on
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
Start up,
Start up
Required
Any character
Start up: Attempts to establish a TCP connection as soon as the NPort 5110 is powered on.
Any Character: Attempts to establish a TCP connection as soon as the NPort 5110 starts receiving
serial data.
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UDP Mode
Delimiter 1
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF
None
Optional
Delimiter 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF
None
Optional
Once the NPort 5110 receives both delimiters through its serial port, it immediately packs all data
currently in its buffer and sends it out the NPort 5110’s Ethernet port.
ATTENTION
Delimiter 2 is optional. If left blank, then Delimiter 1 alone trips clearing of the buffer. If the size
of the serial data received is greater than 1 KB, the NPort 5110 will automatically pack the data
and send it to the Ethernet. However, to use the delimiter function, you must at least enable
Delimiter 1. If Delimiter 1 is left blank and Delimiter 2 is enabled, the delimiter function will not
work properly.
Force transmit
Setting
0 to 65535 ms
0: Disable the force transmit timeout.
Factory Default
0 ms
Necessity
Optional
1 to 65535: Forces the NPort 5110’s TCP/IP protocol software to try to pack serial data received
during the specified time into the same data frame.
This parameter defines the time interval during which NPort 5110 fetches the serial data from its
internal buffer. If data is incoming through the serial port, NPort 5110 stores the data in the
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internal buffer. NPort 5110 transmits data stored in the buffer via TCP/IP, but only if the internal
buffer is full or if the Force transmit time interval reaches the time specified under Force transmit
timeout.
The optimal Force transmit timeout depends on your application, but it must be at least larger than
one character interval within the specified baud rate. For example, assume that the serial port is set
to 1200 bps, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. In this case, the total number of bits needed to
send a character is 10 bits, and the time required to transfer one character is
( 10 (bits) / 1200 (bits/s) ) * 1000 (ms/s) = 8.3 ms.
Therefore, you should set Force transmit timeout to be larger than 8.3 ms, so in this case, it must
be greater than or equal to 10 ms.
If the user wants to send a series of characters in the same packet, the serial device attached to
NPort 5110 should send that series of characters during a time interval less than the Force transmit
timeout for NPort 5110, and the total length of data must be less than or equal to NPort 5110’s
internal buffer size. The serial communication buffer size for NPort 5110 is 1 KB per port.
Destination IP address 1
Setting
IP address range
E.g.,
Begin: 192.168.1.1
End: 192.168.1.10
Factory Default
Begin:
Empty
Destination IP address 2/3/4
Setting
IP address range
E.g.,
Begin: 192.168.1.11
End: 192.168.1.20
End:
Empty
Port:
4001
Factory Default
Begin:
Empty
End:
Empty
Port:
4001
Necessity
Required
Necessity
Optional
Local listen port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 65535
4001
Required
The UDP port that NPort 5110 listens to, and that other devices must use to contact NPort 5110. To
avoid conflicts with well known UDP ports, the default is set to 4001.
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Pair Connection Slave Mode
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort 5110 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no TCP activity for
the given time.
Local TCP port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 65535
4001
Required
The ”Local TCP port” is the TCP port that NPort 5110 uses to listen to connections, and that other
devices must use to contact NPort 5110. To avoid conflicts with well known TCP ports, the
default is set to 4001.
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Pair Connection Master Mode
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort 5110 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no TCP activity for
the given time.
Destination IP address
Setting
IP address or Domain Name
(E.g., 192.168.1.1)
Factory Default
None
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Ethernet Modem
Dial-in
NPort 5110 listens for a TCP/IP connection request from the remote Ethernet modem or host.
NPort 5110’s response depends on the ATS0 value, as outlined below.
ATS0=0 (default):
NPort 5110 will temporarily accept the TCP connection and then send the “RING” signal out through
the serial port. The serial controller must reply with “ATA” within 2.5 seconds to accept the connection
request, after which NPort 5110 enters data mode. If no “ATA” command is received, NPort 5110 will
disconnect after sending three “RING” signals.
ATS0≧1:
NPort 5110 will accept the TCP connection immediately and then send the “CONNECT <baud>”
command to the serial port, in which <baud> represents the baud rate of NPort 5110’s serial port. After
that, NPort 5110 immediately enters data mode.
Dial-out
NPort 5110 accepts the AT command “ATD <IP>:<TCP port>” from the serial port and then
requests a TCP connection from the remote Ethernet Modem or PC. This is where <IP> is the IP
address of the remote Ethernet modem or PC, and <TCP port> is the TCP port number of the
remote Ethernet modem or PC. Once the remote unit accepts this TCP connection, NPort 5110
will send out the “CONNECT <baud>” signal via the serial port and then enter data mode.
Disconnection request from local site
When NPort 5110s is in data mode, the user can drive the DTR signal to OFF, or send “+++” from
the local serial port to NPort 5110. NPort 5110 will enter command mode and return “NO
CARRIER” via the serial port, and then input “ATH” to shut down the TCP connection after 1
second.
NOTE
The “+++” command cannot be divided. The “+” character can be changed in register S2, and
the guard time, which prefixes and suffixes the “+++” in order to protect the raw data, can be
changed in register S12.
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Disconnection request from remote site
After the TCP connection has been shut down by the remote Ethernet modem or PC, NPort 5110
will send the “NO CARRIER” signal via the serial port and then return to command mode.
Ethernet Modem
Setting
Value
Notes
Necessity
The TCP port that other devices
valid
must use to contact this device. To
Required
TCP port
port No. avoid conflicts with standard TCP
ports, the default is set to 4001.
TCP connection is not closed due to
0
an idle serial line.
TCP alive check time
Optional
TCP connection is automatically
1 – 99
closed
by
this
device
if
there
is
no
min.
TCP activity for the given time.
AT Commands
NPort 5110 supports the following common AT commands used with a typical modem:
No.
AT command
1 ATA
Description
Answer manually
2 ATD <IP>:<Port>
Dial up the IP address : Port No.
3 ATE
ATE0=Echo OFF
ATE1=Echo ON (default)
ATH0=On-hook (default)
ATH1=Off-hook
4 ATH
Remarks
5 ATI, ATI0, ATI1, ATI2 Modem version
reply “OK” only
6 ATL
Speaker volume option
reply “OK” only
7 ATM
Speaker control option
reply “OK” only
8 ATO
On line command
9 ATP, ATT
Set Pulse/Tone Dialing mode
10 ATQ0, ATQ1
Quiet command (default=ATQ0)
11 ATSr=n
Change the contents of S register
12 ATSr?
Read the contents of S register
See “S registers”
Result code type
ATV0 for digit code,
ATV1 for text code
0=OK
1=connect (default)
2=ring
3=No carrier
4=error
Reset (disconnect, enter command
mode and restore the flash settings)
Serial port DCD control
AT&C0=DCD always on
AT&C1=DTE detects connection
by DCD on/off (default)
13 ATV
14 ATZ
15 AT&C
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See “S registers”
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
17 AT&F
Serial port DTR control
AT&D0=recognize DTE always
ready
AT&D1, AT&D2=reply DTE when
DTR On (default)
Restore manufacturer’s settings
18 AT&G
Select guard time
16 AT&D
reply “OK” only
19 AT&R
Serial port RTS option command
reply “OK” only
20 AT&S
Serial port DSR control
reply “OK” only
21 AT&V
View settings
Write current settings to flash for
next boot up
22 AT&W
S Registers
No.
S Register
Description & default value
Remarks
1
S0
Ring to auto-answer (default=0)
2
S1
3
S2
4
S3
Ring counter (always=0)
no action applied
Escape code character (default=43 ASCII
“+”)
Return character (default=13 ASCII)
5
S4
Line feed character (default=10 ASCII)
6
S5
7
S6
8
S7
9
S8
Backspace character (default= 8 ASCII)
Wait time for dial tone (always=2,
unit=sec)
Wait time for carrier (default=3,
unit=sec)
Pause time for dial delay (always=2,
unit=sec)
Carrier detect response time
(always=6, unit 1/10 sec)
Delay for hang up after carrier
(always=14, unit 1/10 sec)
DTMF duration and spacing
(always=100 ms)
Escape code guard time
(default=50, unit 1/50 sec)
to control the idle time for “+++”
10 S9
11 S10
12 S11
13 S12
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no action applied
no action applied
no action applied
no action applied
no action applied
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Web Console Configuration
TCP port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 65535
4001
Required
The TCP port that other devices must use to contact this device. To avoid conflicts with standard
TCP ports, the default is set to 4001.
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort 5110 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no TCP activity for
the given time.
Accessible IP Settings
NPort 5110 uses an IP address based filtering method to control access to itself.
Accessible IP Settings allows you to add or block remote host IP addresses to prevent
unauthorized access. Access to NPort 5110 is controlled by IP address. That is, if a host’s IP
address is in the accessible IP table, then the host will be allowed to access the NPort 5110. You
can allow one of the following cases by setting the parameter.
! Only one host with a specific IP address can access the NPort 5110
Enter “IP address/255.255.255.255” (e.g., “192.168.1.1/255.255.255.255”).
! Hosts on a specific subnet can access the NPort 5110
Enter “IP address/255.255.255.0” (e.g., “192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0”).
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! Any host can access the NPort 5110
Disable this function by un-checking the “Enable the accessible IP list” checkbox. Refer to the
following table for more configuration examples.
Allowable Hosts
Any host
192.168.1.120
192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.254
192.168.0.1 to 192.168.255.254
192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.126
192.168.1.129 to 192.168.1.254
Input format
Disable
192.168.1.120 / 255.255.255.255
192.168.1.0 / 255.255.255.0
192.168.0.0 / 255.255.0.0
192.168.1.0 / 255.255.255.128
192.168.1.128 / 255.255.255.128
Auto Warning Settings
Auto Warning: E-mail and SNMP Trap
Mail Server
Mail server
Setting
IP Address or Domain Name
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
User name
Setting
1 to 15 characters
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
Password
Setting
1 to 15 characters
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
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From E-mail address
Setting
1 to 63 characters
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
E-mail address 1/2/3/4
Setting
1 to 63 characters
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
ATTENTION
Consult your Network Administrator or ISP for the proper mail server settings. The Auto
warning function may not work properly if it is not configured correctly. NPort 5110 SMTP
AUTH supports LOGIN, PLAIN, CRAM-MD5 (RFC 2554).
SNMP Trap Server
SNMP trap server IP or domain name
Setting
IP address or Domain Name
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
Event Type
Cold start
This refers to starting the system from power off (contrast this with warm start). When performing
a cold start, NPort 5110 will automatically issue an Auto warning message by e-mail, or send an
SNMP trap after booting up.
Warm start
This refers to restarting the computer without turning the power off. When performing a warm
start, NPort 5110 will automatically send an e-mail, or send an SNMP trap after rebooting.
Authentication failure
The user inputs a wrong password from the Console or Administrator. When authentication failure
occurs, NPort 5110 will immediately send an e-mail or send an SNMP trap.
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IP address changed
The user has changed NPort 5110’s IP address. When the IP address changes, NPort 5110 will
send an e-mail with the new IP address before NPort 5110 reboots. If the NPort 5110 is unable to
send an e-mail message to the mail server within 15 seconds, NPort 5110 will reboot anyway, and
abort the e-mail auto warning.
Password changed
The user has changed NPort 5110’s password. When the password changes, NPort 5110 will send
an e-mail with the password changed notice before NPort 5110 reboots. If the NPort 5110 is
unable to send an e-mail message to the mail server within 15 seconds, NPort 5110 will reboot
anyway, and abort the e-mail auto warning.
DCD changed
The DCD (Data Carrier Detect) signal has changed, also indicating that the modem connection
status has changed. For example, a DCD change to high also means “Connected” between local
modem and remote modem. If the DCD signal changes to low, it also means that the connection
line is down.
When the DCD changes, NPort 5110 will immediately send an e-mail or send an SNMP trap.
DSR changed
The DSR (Data Set Ready) signal has changed, also indicating that the data communication
equipment’s power is off. For example, a DSR change to high also means that the DCE is powered
ON. If the DSR signal changes to low, it also means that the DCE is powered off.
When the DSR changes, NPort 5110 will immediately send an e-mail or send an SNMP trap.
Mail
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
Enable, Disable
Disable
Optional
This feature helps the administrator manage how the NPort 5110 sends e-mail to pre-defined
e-mail boxes when the enabled events—such as Cold start, Warm start, Authentication failure,
etc.—occur. To configure this feature, click on the Event Type Mail checkbox.
Trap
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
Enable, Disable
Disable
Optional
This feature helps the administrator manage how the NPort 5110 sends SNMP Trap to a
pre-defined SNMP Trap server when the enabled events—such as Cold start, Warm start,
Authentication failure, etc.—occur. To configure this feature, click on the Event Type Trap
checkbox.
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Change Password
Input the “Old password” and “New password” to change the password. Leave the password boxes
blank to erase the password. If the password is erased, then NPort 5110 will not have password
protection.
ATTENTION
If you forget the password, the ONLY way to configure NPort 5110 is by using the Reset button
on NPort 5110’s casing to “Load Factory Default.”Remember to export the configuration file
using Windows Administrator when you finish the configuration. By using the Import function
of Windows Administrator, your configuration can be re-loaded into NPort 5110 after using
“Load Factory Default.” Refer to Chapter 6 for more details about the Export and Import
function.
Load Factory Defaults
This function will reset all of NPort 5110’s settings to the factory default values. Be aware that
previous settings will be lost.
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6
Chapter 6
Configuring Windows Administrator
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
!
Overview
!
Installing Windows Administrator
!
Configuration
"
Broadcast Search
"
Unlock Password Protection
"
Configuring NPort 5110
"
Upgrade Firmware
"
Export/Import
!
Monitor
!
Port Monitor
!
COM Mapping
!
"
On-line COM Mapping
"
Off-line COM Mapping
IP Location
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Configuring Windows Administrator
Overview
Windows Administrator is designed to let you install and configure your NPort 5110 products
easily over the network. Windows Administrator provides five function groups that ease the
installation process, allows off-line COM mapping, and provides monitoring and IP location server
functions.
Device Server Administrator is an integrated software suite that bundles Device Server
Administrator and the IP Serial Library, and provides everything you need to remotely manage,
monitor, and modify your NPort 5110s—hassle free.
Installing Windows Administrator
1.
Once the Setup program starts running, click on Yes to proceed.
2.
Click on Next when the Welcome window opens to proceed with the installation.
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3.
Click on Next to install program files in the default directory, or select an alternative location.
4.
Click on Next to install the program using the default program name, or select a different
name.
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5.
Click on Install to proceed with the installation.
6.
The Installing window reports the progress of the installation.
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7.
Click on Next to proceed with the installation.
8.
Click on Finish to complete the installation of NPort 5110 Administration Suite.
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Configuration
The Administrator-Configuration window is divided into four parts.
!
!
!
!
The top part is the function list and online help area. (Windows NT does not support this .chm
file format.)
The left part lists the five Administrator function groups.
The right part shows a list of NPort 5110 serial device servers, each of which can be selected
to process user requirements.
The bottom part is the Log area, which shows useful messages that record the user’s
processing history.
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Broadcast Search
1.
The Broadcast Search function is used to locate all NPort 5110s that are connected to the
same LAN as your computer.
Since the Broadcast Search function searches by MAC address and not IP address, all NPort
5110s connected to the LAN will be located, regardless of whether or not they are part of the
same subnet as the host.
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2.
Configuring Windows Administrator
The Broadcast Search window will open and display the Model, IP Address, MAC Address,
and Progress (of the search for that particular device).
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3.
Configuring Windows Administrator
When the search is complete, the Broadcast Search window closes, and the NPort 5110s that
were located are displayed in the right pane of the Administrator window.
If you found more than one server connected to this network, refer to the MAC address sticker
on your server(s) to determine which servers are the ones you wish to configure.
To configure an NPort 5110, place the cursor over the row displaying that NPort 5110’s
information, and then double click.
ATTENTION
Before modifying a NPort 5110’s configuration, use Broadcast Search or Specify by IP Address
to locate NPort 5110s connected to the LAN.
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Unlock Password Protection
1.
If the NPort 5110 is password protected, then you will not be able to use the right click
method to open the configuration page.
2.
Instead, select an NPort 5110 with “Lock” status, right click the locked NPort 5110, and then
select the unlock button.
3.
After inputting the correct password, the Administrator will display a message box as shown
here.
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4.
Configuring Windows Administrator
The previous “Lock” status will switch to “Unlock” status. Administrator will keep this NPort
5110 in the Unlock status throughout this Administrator session.
The meanings of the six states are as follows (note that the term Fixed is borrowed from the
standard fixed IP address networking terminology):
Lock
The NPort 5110 is password protected, “Broadcast Search” was used to locate it, and the password
has not yet been entered from within the current Administrator session.
Unlock
The NPort 5110 is password protected, “Broadcast Search” was used to locate it, and the password
has been entered from within the current Administrator session. Henceforth during this
Administrator session, activating various utilities for this NPort 5110 will not require re-entering
the server password.
Blank
The NPort 5110 is not password protected, and “Broadcast Search” was used to locate it.
Fixed
The NPort 5110 is not password protected, and “Search by IP address” was used to locate it.
Lock Fixed
The NPort 5110 is password protected, “Specify by IP address” was used to locate it, and the
password has not yet been entered from within the current Administrator session.
Unlock Fixed
The NPort 5110 is password protected, “Specify by IP address” was used to locate it, and the
password has been entered from within the current Administrator session. Henceforth during this
Administrator session, activating various utilities for this NPort 5110 will not require re-entering
the server password.
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Configuring NPort 5110
1.
Input the password to Unlock the NPort 5110. Right click on a specific NPort 5110 and select
configure to start the configuration.
2.
The progress bar shows that Administrator is retrieving configuration information from the
specific NPort 5110.
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3.
Configuring Windows Administrator
Refer to Chapter 5 for each parameter’s function definition. To modify the configuration, you
must first click in the modify box to activate the parameter setting box.
ATTENTION
You can simultaneously modify the configurations of multiple NPort 5110s that are of the same
model.
To select multiple NPort 5110s, hold down the Ctrl key when selecting additional NPort 5110s,
or hold down the Shift key to select a group of NPort 5110s.
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Upgrade Firmware
1.
Input the password to Unlock the NPort 5110, and then right click on a specific NPort 5110
and select the Upgrade Firmware function to start upgrading the firmware.
2.
Select the correct ROM file to be downloaded to the NPort 5110.
3.
Wait patiently while the Upgrade Firmware action is being processed.
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Export/Import
Right click on a specific NPort 5110 and select the Export function to start Exporting the
configuration file. The Export Configuration function is a handy tool that can be used to produce a
text file containing the current configuration of a particular NPort 5110.
The Import Configuration function is used to import a NPort 5110 configuration from a file into
one or more of the same model NPort 5110.
To import a configuration, first select the target servers (use the left mouse button to select servers;
simply hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the second, third, etc., NPort 5110).
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ATTENTION
You can simultaneously import the same configuration file into multiple NPort 5110s that are of
the same model.
To select multiple NPort 5110s, hold down the Ctrl key when selecting an additional NPort
5110, or hold down the Shift key to select a block of NPort 5110s.
Monitor
1.
To start the Monitor function, Use Broadcast Search under the Configuration Function group,
and then click on Monitor $ Add Target $ Select target from the list, or click on Monitor,
and then Add Target $ Rescan.
2.
Select Broadcast under the Configuration menu bar item.
3.
Click on Monitor.
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4.
Select Add Target.
5.
When you select Add Target, you will see a NPort 5110 list that looks the same as when using
Configuration $ Broadcast Search. Check the NPort 5110 you would like to Monitor, and
then click OK.
6.
The NPort 5110 list will now appear on the Monitor screen.
7.
Right click the panel and select Settings.
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8.
Select or de-select Monitor Items. Use the single arrowhead buttons to move highlighted
items from one box to the other. Use the double arrowhead buttons to move all items in one
box to the other.
9.
Select a Refresh Rate (the default is 3 seconds).
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10. Select Display warning message for new event or Play warning music for new event. In the
second case, you must enter the path to the WAV file that you want to be played. “New
event” means that one of the NPort 5110s in the monitor is “Alive” or “Not Alive,” or has lost
connection with the Monitor program.
11. Press Go to start Monitor.
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12. For this example, the NPort 5110 shown in the list will be monitored.
13. When one of the NPort 5110s loses connection with the Monitor program, a warning alert will
display automatically. The warning music will be played at the same time.
14. In the Monitor screen, you can see that the “Not Alive” NPort 5110 is shown in red color.
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15. If the NPort 5110 gets reconnected, a warning will be displayed to remind the user that the
NPort 5110 is now “Alive.”
16. The NPort 5110 that was reconnected, and is now “Alive,” will be shown in black color.
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Port Monitor
The process described here is the same as in the previous “Monitor” section. The only difference is
that you can select more items under Port Monitor than under Monitor.
Select or de-select Monitor Items. Use the single arrowhead buttons to move highlighted items
from one box to the other. Use the double arrowhead buttons to move all items in one box to the
other.
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Configuring Windows Administrator
COM Mapping
Windows Administration Suite comes with Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP Real COM drivers.
After you install NPort 5110 Administration Suite, there are two ways to set up the NPort 5110’s
serial port as your host’s remote COM port.
The first way is with On-line COM Mapping. On-line COM Mapping will check to make sure
that the NPort 5110 is connected correctly to the network, and then install the driver on the host
computer.
The second way is with Off-line COM Installation, without connecting the NPort 5110 to the
network first. Off-line COM Mapping can decrease the system integrator’s effort by solving
different field problems. Via off-line installation, users can process the host software installation
and then install the NPort 5110 to different fields.
Use the following procedure to map COM ports:
1.
On-line COM Mapping:
Connect NPort 5110 to the network $ Set NPort 5110 to the proper IP address $ Map
COMs to your host $ Apply Change.
2.
Off-line COM Mapping:
Map COMs to your host $ Apply Change $ Connect NPort 5110 to the network $
Configure NPort 5110’s IP address.
On-line COM Mapping
1.
Broadcast Search for NPort 5110s on the network.
2.
Select the COM Mapping function group.
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3.
Add the target to which you would like to map COM ports.
4.
The NPort 5110 list that appears is the list generated by the previous Broadcast Search. Select
the NPort 5110 that you would like to map COM ports to.
5.
Select COM Settings to modify COM No., default setting, etc.
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6.
Configuring Windows Administrator
Select the COM No. COM ports that are “In use” or “Assigned” will also be indicated in this
drop-down list. If you select multiple serial ports or multiple NPort 5110s, remember to check
the “Auto Enumerating” function to use the COM No. you select as the first COM No.
Hi-performance mode is the default for Tx mode. If the driver finishes sending data out to
the NPort 5110, the driver will respond to the program with “Tx Empty.”
Under classical mode, the driver will not notify the user’s program that the Tx is finished until
all Tx data has been sent out from the NPort 5110; this mode will cause lower throughput.
Classical mode is recommended if you want to ensure that all data is sent out before doing
more processing,.
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Enable/Disable Tx/Rx FIFO. If disabled, NPort 5110 will send one byte each time the Tx
FIFO becomes empty; and an Rx interrupt will be generated for each incoming byte. This will
result in a faster response and lower throughput. If you want to use XON/XOFF flow control,
we recommend setting FIFO to Disable.
Fast Flush (only flush local buffer)
! We have added one optional Fast Flush function to Moxa’s new NPort Real COM driver.
The new function is available in versions 1.2 and higher of NPort Administrator Suite
for NPort.
! For some applications, the user’s program will use the Win32 “PurgeComm()” function
before it reads or writes data. With our design, after the program uses this Purge Comm()
function, the NPort driver will keep querying NPort’s firmware several times to make sure
there is really no data queued in the NPort firmware buffer, rather than just flushing the
local buffer. This kind of design is used because of some special considerations. However,
it might take more time (about several hundred milliseconds) than a native COM1, because
it needs to work via Ethernet. That’s why the native COM ports on the motherboard can
work fast with this function call, but NPort requires much more time. In order to
accommodate other applications that require a faster response time, the new NPort driver
implements a new “Fast Flush” option. Note that by default, this function is disabled.
! To begin with, make sure there are some “PurgeComm()” functions being used in your
application program. In this kind of situation, you might find that your NPort exhibits a
much poorer operation performance than when using the native COM1 port. Once you have
enabled the “Fast Flush” function, you can check to see if there has been an improvement
in performance.
! By default, the optional “Fast Flush” function is disabled. If you would like to enable this
function, from the “NPort Administrator,” double click on the COM ports that are mapped
to the NPort, and then select the “Fast Flush” checkbox. You should find that when “Fast
Flush” is enabled, the NPort driver will work faster with “PurgeComm().”
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7.
The Serial Parameter settings shown here are the default settings when the NPort 5110 is
powered on. However, the program can redefine the serial parameters to different values after
the program opens the port via Win 32 API.
8.
After setting the COM Mapping, remember to select Apply Change to save the information
in the host system registry. The host computer will not have the ability to use the COM port
until after Apply Change is selected.
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9.
Configuring Windows Administrator
Select Discard Change to tell Administrator NOT to save the COM Mapping information to
the host.
10. To save the configuration to a text file, select Export COM Mapping. You will then be able
to import this configuration file to another host and use the same COM Mapping settings in
the other host.
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Off-line COM Mapping
1.
Add a target by inputting the IP address and selecting the Model Name without physically
connecting the NPort 5110 to the network.
2.
Select Apply change.
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IP Location
When NPort 5110 is used in a dynamic IP environment, users must spend more time with IP
management tasks. NPort 5110 products help out by periodically reporting their IP address to the
IP location server, in case the dynamic IP has changed.
! Receive NPort 5110’s IP location report
! Centralize NPort 5110’s IP management in a dynamic IP environment.
1.
Configure NPort 5110 to get an IP address dynamically. You may use DHCP, BOOTP, or
DHCP/BOOTP. Assign the remote Auto IP report server’s IP address and UDP port.
2.
Select IP Location Report and click the right mouse button to select Settings.
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3.
Next, configure the Local Listen Port to be the same as the NPort 5110’s “Auto report to
UDP port” setting.
4.
Click Go to start receiving the Auto IP address report from the NPort 5110.
6-31
7
Chapter 7
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
!
Overview
!
IP Serial LIB Function Groups
!
Example Program
IP Serial LIB
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
IP Serial LIB
Overview
What is IP Serial Library?
IP Serial Library is a Windows library with frequently used serial command sets and subroutines.
IP Serial Library is designed to reduce the complexity and poor efficiency of serial communication
over TCP/IP. For example, Telnet can only transfer data, but it can’t monitor or configure the
serial line’s parameters.
Why Use IP Serial Library?
For programmers who are familiar with serial communication, IP Serial Library provides
well-designed function calls that have the same style as Moxa’s PComm Library.
IP Serial Library is amazingly simple and easy to understand. By including it in your VB, C, or
Delphi programming environment, you can program your own TCP/IP application with the ability
to control serial communication parameters.
NPort 5110 uses 2 TCP ports for communication between the NPort 5110 and host computer’s
Real COM driver. NPort 5110 uses a data port and command port to provide pure data transfer
without decode and encode. Compared to using only one TCP port to control serial
communication (such as RFC 2217), IP Serial Library uses a command port to communicate with
NPort 5110 from the user’s program. IP Serial Library not only runs with excellent efficiency but
also runs without any decode or encode problems.
How to install IP Serial Library
IP Serial Lib comes with the NPort 5110 Administration Suite. Refer to the IPSerial directory for
more details about the function definitions.
7-2
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
IP Serial LIB
IP Serial LIB Function Groups
Server Control
Port Control
Input/Output Data
Port Status
Inquiry
nsio_init
nsio_end
nsio_resetserver
nsio_checkalive
nsio_open
nsio_close
nsio_ioctl
nsio_flowctrl
nsio_DTR
nsio_RTS
nsio_lctrl
nsio_baud
nsio_resetport
nsio_read
nsio_lstatus
nsio_SetReadTimeouts nsio_data_status
nsio_write
nsio_SetWriteTimeouts
Miscellaneous
nsio_break
nsio_break_on
nsio_break_off
nsio_breakcount
Example Program
char NPort
/*data buffer, 255 chars */
5110-Nip=”192.168.1.10”;
/*1st port */
char buffer[255];
/* port handle */
int port = 1;
/*initial IP Serial Library */
int portid;
/*1st port, NPort 5110
nsio_init();
portid = nsio_open(NPort 5110ip, IP=192.168.1.10 */
/*set 9600, N81 */
port);
nsio_ioctl(portid, B9600, (BIT_8 | /* wait for 1000 ms for data */
/* read 200 bytes from port 1 */
STOP_1 | P_NONE) );
/* close this serial port */
sleep(1000);
/* close IP Serial Library */
nsio_read(port, buffer, 200);
nsio_close(portid);
nsio_end();
7-3
A
Appendix A
Pinouts and Cable Wiring
In this appendix, we cover the following topics.
!
!
Port Pinout Diagrams
"
Ethernet Port Pinouts
"
Serial Port Pinouts
Cable Wiring Diagrams
"
Ethernet Cables
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Pinouts and Cable Wiring
Port Pinout Diagrams
Ethernet Port Pinouts
Serial Port Pinouts
DB9 Male RS-232 port pinouts for NPort 5110
PIN
SIGNAL
1
DCD
2
RxD
3
TxD
4
DTR
5
GND
6
DSR
7
RTS
8
CTS
9
---
A-2
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Pinouts and Cable Wiring
Cable Wiring Diagrams
Ethernet Cables
A-3
B
Appendix B
Well Known Port Numbers
In this appendix, which is included for your reference, we provide a list of Well Known port
numbers that may cause network problems if you set NPort 5110 to one of these ports. Refer to
RFC 1700 for Well Known port numbers, or refer to the following introduction from the IANA.
The port numbers are divided into three ranges: the Well Known Ports, the Registered Ports,
and the Dynamic and/or Private Ports.
The Well Known Ports range from 0 through 1023.
The Registered Ports range from 1024 through 49151.
The Dynamic and/or Private Ports range from 49152 through 65535.
The Well Known Ports are assigned by the IANA, and on most systems, can only be used by
system processes or by programs executed by privileged users. The following table shows famous
port numbers among the well-known port numbers. For more details, please visit the IANA
website at http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers.
TCP Socket
Application Service
0
Reserved
1
TCP Port Service Multiplexor
2
Management Utility
7
Echo
9
Discard
11
Active Users (systat)
13
Daytime
15
Netstat
20
FTP data port
21
FTP CONTROL port
23
Telnet
25
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
37
Time (Time Server)
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
TCP Socket
Well Known Port Numbers
Application Service
42
Host name server (names server)
43
Whois (nickname)
49
(Login Host Protocol) (Login)
53
Domain Name Server (domain)
79
Finger protocol (Finger)
80
World Wide Web HTTP
119
Network news Transfer Protocol (NNTP)
123
Network Time Protocol
213
IPX
160 – 223
Reserved for future use
UDP Socket
Application Service
0
Reserved
2
Management Utility
7
Echo
9
Discard
11
Active Users (systat)
13
Daytime
35
Any private printer server
39
Resource Location Protocol
42
Host name server (names server)
43
Whois (nickname)
49
(Login Host Protocol) (Login)
53
Domain Name Server (domain)
69
Trivial Transfer Protocol (TETP)
70
Gopher Protocol
79
Finger Protocol
80
World Wide Web HTTP
107
Remote Telnet Service
111
Sun Remote Procedure Call (Sunrpc)
119
Network news Tcanster Protocol (NNTP)
123
Network Time protocol (sntp)
B-2
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
UDP Socket
Well Known Port Numbers
Application Service
161
SNMP (Simple Network Mail Protocol)
162
SNMP Traps
213
IPX (Used for IP Tunneling)
B-3
C
Appendix C
SNMP Agents with MIB II & RS-232
Like Groups
NPort 5110 has built-in SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) agent software that
supports SNMP Trap, RFC1317 RS-232 like groups and RFC 1213 MIB-II. The following table
lists the standard MIB-II groups, as well as the variable implementation for NPort 5110.
RFC1213 MIB-II supported SNMP variables:
System MIB
Interfaces MIB
IP MIB
ICMP MIB
SysDescr
itNumber
ipForwarding
IcmpInMsgs
SysObjectID
ifIndex
ipDefaultTTL
IcmpInErrors
SysUpTime
ifDescr
ipInreceives
IcmpInDestUnreachs
SysContact
ifType
ipInHdrErrors
IcmpInTimeExcds
SysName
ifMtu
ipInAddrErrors
IcmpInParmProbs
SysLocation
ifSpeed
ipForwDatagrams
IcmpInSrcQuenchs
SysServices
ifPhysAddress
ipInUnknownProtos
IcmpInRedirects
ifAdminStatus
ipInDiscards
IcmpInEchos
ifOperStatus
ipInDelivers
IcmpInEchoReps
ifLastChange
ipOutRequests
IcmpInTimestamps
ifInOctets
ipOutDiscards
IcmpTimestampReps
ifInUcastPkts
ipOutNoRoutes
IcmpInAddrMasks
ifInNUcastPkts
ipReasmTimeout
IcmpOutMsgs
ifInDiscards
ipReasmReqds
IcmpOutErrors
ifInErrors
ipReasmOKs
IcmpOutDestUnreachs
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
System MIB
SysServices
SNMP Agents
Interfaces MIB
IP MIB
ICMP MIB
ifInUnknownProtos ipReasmFails
IcmpOutTimeExcds
ifOutOctets
ipFragOKs
IcmpOutParmProbs
ifOutUcastPkts
ipFragFails
IcmpOutSrcQuenchs
ifOutNUcastPkts
ipFragCreates
IcmpOutRedirects
ifOutDiscards
ipAdEntAddr
IcmpOutEchos
ifOutErrors
ipAdEntIfIndex
IcmpOutEchoReps
ifOutQLen
ipAdEntNetMask
IcmpOutTimestamps
ifSpecific
ipAdEntBcastAddr
IcmpOutTimestampReps
ipAdEntReasmMaxSize
IcmpOutAddrMasks
IpNetToMediaIfIndex
IcmpOutAddrMaskReps
IpNetToMediaPhysAddress
IpNetToMediaNetAddress
IpNetToMediaType
IpRoutingDiscards
UDP MIB
TCP MIB
SNMP MIB
UdpInDatagrams
tcpRtoAlgorithm
snmpInPkts
UdpNoPorts
tcpRtoMin
snmpOutPkts
UdpInErrors
tcpRtoMax
snmpInBadVersions
UdpOutDatagrams
tcpMaxConn
snmpInBadCommunityNames
UdpLocalAddress
tcpActiveOpens
snmpInASNParseErrs
UdpLocalPort
tcpPassiveOpens
snmpInTooBigs
tcpAttempFails
snmpInNoSuchNames
Address Translation MIB
tcpEstabResets
snmpInBadValues
AtIfIndex
tcpCurrEstab
snmpInReadOnlys
AtPhysAddress
tcpInSegs
snmpInGenErrs
AtNetAddress
tcpOutSegs
snmpInTotalReqVars
C-2
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
SNMP Agents
Address Translation MIB
AtNetAddress
TCP MIB
SNMP MIB
tcpRetransSegs
snmpInTotalSetVars
tcpConnState
snmpInGetRequests
tcpConnLocalAddress
snmpInGetNexts
tcpConnLocalPort
snmpInSetRequests
tcpConnRemAddress
snmpInGetResponses
tcpConnRemPort
snmpInTraps
tcpInErrs
snmpOutTooBigs
tcpOutRsts
snmpOutNoSuchNames
snmpOutBadValues
snmpOutGenErrs
snmpOutGetRequests
snmpOutGetNexts
snmpOutSetRequests
snmpOutGetResponses
snmpOutTraps
snmpEnableAuthenTraps
RFC1317: RS-232 MIB objects
Generic RS-232-like Group
RS-232-like General Port
Table
RS-232-like Asynchronous
Port Group
rs232Number
rs232PortTable
rs232AsyncPortTable
rs232PortEntry
rs232AsyncPortEntry
rs232PortIndex
rs232AsyncPortIndex
rs232PortType
rs232AsyncPortBits
rs232PortInSigNumber
rs232AsyncPortStopBits
rs232PortOutSigNumber
rs232AsyncPortParity
rs232PortInSpeed
rs232PortOutSpeed
C-3
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
SNMP Agents
The Input Signal Table
The Output Signal Table
rs232InSigTable
rs232OutSigTable
rs232InSigEntry
rs232OutSigEntry
rs232InSigPortIndex
rs232OutSigPortIndex
rs232InSigName
rs232OutSigName
rs232InSigState
rs232OutSigState
C-4
D
Appendix D
Auto IP Report Protocol
NPort Series provides several ways to configure Ethernet IP addresses. One method is DHCP
Client. When you set up the NPort to use DHCP Client to configure Ethernet IP addresses, a
DHCP request is sent automatically over the Ethernet to find the DHCP Server. In response, the
DHCP Server will send an available IP address to the NPort. The NPort will use this IP address for
a period of time after receiving it. But the NPort will eventually send another DHCP request to the
DHCP Server. Once the DHCP Server realizes that this IP address is to be released to other DHCP
Clients, the NPort will be assigned a different IP address. For this reason, users sometimes find
that the NPort will use different IP addresses at different, instead of always using the same IP
address.
In order to find out which IP address the NPort is using, you need to configure parameters under
Network Settings via your Web browser. The figure below shows NPort’s Web console
configuration window. Enter the IP address and the Port number of the PC that you want to send
this information to.
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Auto IP Report Protocol
You will then be able to develop your own programs to receive this information from the NPort.
Here is NPort’s Auto IP Report Protocol. Click on the following link to link to a specific example.
http://web2.moxa.com.tw/services/download/download.asp
Auto IP Report Format
“MOXA”, 4 bytes
Info[0]
Info [n]
Field
Length
ID
1
Info[1]
Length
1
...
Info[n]
Data
Variable, Length is “Length Field”
ID List
ID Value
1
2
3
Description
Server Name
Hardware ID
MAC Address
Length
Variable
2
6
4
Serial Number
4, DWORD
Note
ASCII char
Little-endian
6 bytes MAC address. If the MAC
address is "00-90-E8-01-02-03", the
MAC[0] is 0, MAC[1] is 0x90(hex),
MAC[2] is 0xE8(hex), and so on.
Little-endian
5
6
IP Address
Netmask
4, DWORD
4, DWORD
Little-endian
Little-endian
7
8
Default Gateway
Firmware Version
4, DWORD
4, DWORD
9
AP ID
4, DWORD
Little-endian
Little-endian
Ver1.3.4= 0x0103040
Little-endian
AP ID & Hardware ID Mapping Table
AP ID
Hardware ID
Product
0x80005110
0x80005000
0x80005000
0x80005000
0x80000312
0x80000312
0x80000312
0x80000312
0x80005610
0x80005610
0x80005610
0x80005610
NPort 5110
NPort 5410
NPort 5430
NPort 5430I
NPort 5230
NPort 5210
NPort 5232
NPort 5232I
NPort 5610-8
NPort 5610-16
NPort 5630-8
NPort 5630-16
0x5110
0x0504
0x0534
0x1534
0x0312
0x0322
0x0332
0x1332
0x5618
0x5613
0x5638
0x5633
D-2
E
Appendix E
Service Information
This appendix shows you how to contact Moxa for information about this and other products, and
how to report problems.
In this appendix, we cover the following topics.
!
MOXA Internet Services
!
Problem Report Form
!
Product Return Procedure
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Service Information
MOXA Internet Services
Customer satisfaction is our number one concern, and to ensure that customers receive the full
benefit of our products, Moxa Internet Services has been set up to provide technical support, driver
updates, product information, and user’s manual updates.
The following services are provided
E-mail for technical support................................support@moxa.com.tw
Website for product information:
.............................http://www.moxa.com
............................................. or
.............................http://www.moxa.com.tw
E-2
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Service Information
Problem Report Form
MOXA NPort 5110
Customer name:
Company:
Tel:
Fax:
Email:
Date:
Moxa Product:
Serial Number:
NPort 5110
_________________
Problem Description: Please describe the symptoms of the problem as clearly as possible, including any error
messages you see. A clearly written description of the problem will allow us to reproduce the symptoms, and
expedite the repair of your product.
E-3
NPort 5110 Series User’s Manual
Service Information
Product Return Procedure
For product repair, exchange, or refund, the customer must:
%
Provide evidence of original purchase.
%
Obtain a Product Return Agreement (PRA) from the sales representative or dealer.
%
Fill out the Problem Report Form (PRF). Include as much detail as possible for a shorter
product repair time.
%
Carefully pack the product in an anti-static package, and send it, pre-paid, to the dealer. The
PRA should be visible on the outside of the package, and include a description of the problem,
along with the return address and telephone number of a technical contact.
E-4