American Water Heater GAS-FIRED COMMERCIAL WATER HEATER Instruction manual

Instruction Manual
RESIDENTIAL DIRECT VENT GAS W
ATER HEA
TERS
WA
HEATERS
FOR USE ONLY IN MANUFACTURED HOMES
FOR USE ONLY WITH VENTING SYSTEMS SUPPLIED WITH THE WATER
HEATER WHETHER A NEW INSTALLATION OR A REPLACEMENT
INSTALLATION.
GAMA certification applies to
all residential gas water
heaters with capacities of 20
to 100 gallons with input rating
of 75,000 BTU/Hr. or less.
• For Your Safety •
AN ODORANT IS ADDED TO THE GAS USED
BY THIS WATER HEATER.
ALL TECHNICAL AND WARRANTY QUESTIONS: SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE LOCAL DEALER FROM WHOM THE WATER HEATER WAS
PURCHASED. IF YOU ARE UNSUCCESSFUL, PLEASE WRITE TO THE COMPANY LISTED ON THE RATING PLATE ON THE WATER HEATER.
KEEP THIS MANUAL IN THE POCKET ON HEATER FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
WHENEVER MAINTENANCE ADJUSTMENT OR SERVICE IS REQUIRED.
PRINTED IN THE U.S.A 0905
1
PART NO. 184802-001
SAFE INST
ALLA
TION
INSTALLA
ALLATION
TION,, USE AND SERVICE
Your safety and the safety of others is extremely important in the installation, use and servicing of this water heater.
Many safety-related messages and instructions have been provided in this manual and on your own water heater to warn you and
others of a potential injury hazard. Read and obey all safety messages and instructions throughout this manual. It is very
important that the meaning of each safety message is understood by you and others who install, use or service this water heater.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you
to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible
injury or death.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently
hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
could result in death or injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in death or injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, may result
in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION used without the safety alert
symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in property damage.
All safety messages will generally tell you about the type of hazard, what can happen if you do not follow the safety message and
how to avoid the risk of injury.
IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS
• Qualified Installer: A qualified installer must have ability equivalent to a licensed tradesman in the fields of plumbing,
air supply, venting and gas supply, including a thorough understanding of the requirements of the National Fuel Gas
Code as it relates to the installation of gas fired water heaters. The qualified installer must also be familiar with the
design features and have a thorough understanding of this instruction manual.
• Service Agency: A service agency also must have ability equivalent to a licensed tradesman in the fields of plumbing,
air supply, venting and gas supply, including a thorough understanding of the requirements of the National Fuel Gas
Code as it relates to the installation of gas fired water heaters. The service agency must also have a thorough
understanding of this instruction manual, and be able to perform repairs strictly in accordance with the service guidelines
provided by the manufacturer.
•
Gas Supplier: The Natural Gas or Propane Utility or service who supplies gas for utilization by the gas burning
appliances within this application. The gas supplier typically has responsibility for the inspection and code approval of
gas piping up to and including the Natural Gas meter or Propane storage tank of a building. Many gas suppliers also
offer service and inspection of appliances within the building.
2
GENERAL SAFETY
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Fuel Conversion Instructions from Propane (L.P.)
to Natural Gas ....................................................................... 19
LIGHTING & OPERATING LABEL .............................................. 20
TEMPERATURE REGULATION ................................................... 21
FOR YOUR INFORMATION ................................................... 21-22
Start Up Conditions ............................................................... 21
Condensate ................................................................. 21,22
Smoke/Odor ...................................................................... 22
Thermal Expansion .......................................................... 22
Strange Sounds ............................................................... 22
Operational Conditions ......................................................... 22
Smelly Water .................................................................... 22
“Air” in Hot Water Faucets ............................................. 22
High Temperature Shut Off System .............................. 22
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ..................................................... 23-25
Venting System Inspection .................................................. 23
Burner Inspection ................................................................. 23
Burner Cleaning .................................................................... 23
Housekeeping ....................................................................... 23
Anode Rod Inspection .......................................................... 24
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve Operation ................. 24
Draining .................................................................................. 24
Drain Valve Washer Replacement ...................................... 24
Service ................................................................................... 25
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS ......................................................... 25
TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................. 26
REPAIR PARTS ........................................................................... 27
WARRANTY ........................................................................... Insert
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE ................................ 2
GENERAL SAFETY ...................................................................... 3
TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................. 4
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................ 4
Preparing for the New Installation ........................................ 4
TYPICAL INSTALLATION .......................................................... 5-6
LOCATING THE NEW WATER HEATER ....................................... 7
Facts to Consider About Location ..................................... 7-8
Insulation Blankets ............................................................... 8-9
INSTALLING THE NEW WATER HEATER ............................... 9-19
Water Heater Installation .................................................. 9-10
Securing Water Heater to Floor and Wall .......................... 10
Roof Jack Installation ...................................................... 11-14
Manufactured Home installed Over Basement or
Crawlspace-Air Intake Through an Outside wall ........ 12,13
Cutting Opening Through an Outside Wall and
Collar Installation ............................................................. 13
Cementing PVC, ABS or CPVC Pipe and Fittings ......... 14
Water Piping .......................................................................... 14
T & P Valve and Pipe Insulation ................................ 14,15
Water Piping Pressure Test ................................................. 15
Temperature Pressure Relief Valve .............................. 15,16
Filling the Water Heater ....................................................... 16
Gas Piping ......................................................................... 16,17
Sediment Traps ..................................................................... 17
Fuel Conversion Instructions from Natural Gas
to Propane (L.P.) Gas ..................................................... 17,19
INTRODUCTION
Thank You for purchasing this water heater. Properly installed and
maintained, it should give you years of trouble free service.
Instruction for replacement installation:
The installation must conform with these instructions and the local
code authority having jurisdiction. In the absence of local codes,
installations shall comply with the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI
Z223.1/NFPA 54. This publication is available from the Canadian
Standards Association, 8501 East Pleasant Valley Rd., Cleveland
Ohio 44131, or The National Fire Protection Association,
1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Abbreviations Found In This Instruction Manual:
•
•
•
•
•
CSA - Canadian Standards Association
ANSI - American National Standards Institute
NFPA - National Fire Protection Association
ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
GAMA - Gas Appliance Manufacturer’s Association
3. If after reading this manual you have any questions or do not
understand any portion of the instructions, call the local gas utility or
the manufacturer whose name appears on the rating plate.
This gas-fired water heater is design certified by CSA INTERNATIONAL
under American National Standard/CSA Standard for Gas Water Heaters
for Manufactured Home Installation, ANSI Z21.10.1 • CSA 4.1
(current edition).
4. Carefully plan the place where you are going to put the water heater.
Correct combustion, vent action, and vent pipe installation are very
important in preventing death from possible carbon monoxide
poisoning and fires, see Figures 1 and 2.
PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION
1. Read the “General Safety” section, page 3 of this manual first and
then the entire manual carefully. If you don’t follow the safety rules,
the water heater will not operate properly. It could cause DEATH,
SERIOUS BODILY INJURYAND/OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
Examine the location to ensure the water heater complies with the
“Locating the New Water Heater” section in this manual.
5. For California installation this water heater must be braced, anchored,
or strapped to avoid falling or moving during an earthquake. See
instructions for correct installation procedures. Instructions may be
obtained from California Office of the State Architect, 400 P Street,
Sacramento, CA 95814.
This manual contains instructions for the installation, operation, and
maintenance of the gas-fired water heater. It also contains warnings
throughout the manual that you must read and be aware of. All
warnings and all instructions are essential to the proper operation of
the water heater and your safety. Since we cannot put everything
on the first few pages, READ THE ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE
ATTEMPTING TO INSTALL OR OPERATE THE WATER HEATER.
6. Massachusetts Code requires this water heater to be installed in
accordance with Massachusetts 248-CMR 2.00: State Plumbing Code
and 248-CMR 5.00.
2. Instructions to Manufactured Home Manufacturers:
The installation must conform with the Manufactured Home
Construction and Safety Standards Title 24 CFR, Part 3280.
7. Complies with SCAQMD rule #1121 and districts having equivalent
NOx requirements.
4
TYPICAL INST
ALLA
TION
INSTALLA
ALLATION
GET TO KNOW YOUR WATER HEATER - GAS MODELS
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Vent Pipe
Securing Clamp
Anode
Hot Water Outlet
Outlet
Roof Jack
Gas Supply
Manual Gas Shut-off Valve
Ground Joint Union
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
Drip Leg (Sediment Trap)
Inner Door
Outer door
Union
Inlet Water Shut-off Valve
Cold Water Inlet
Inlet Nipple
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
Rating Plate
* INSTALL IN ACCORDANCE
WITH LOCAL CODES.
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
ZZ
Flue Baffle
Thermostat
Drain Valve
Pilot and Main Burner
Flue
Air Duct Assembly
Drain Pan
Thermostat Shield (optional)
Piezo Igniter
(T) THERMOSTAT
* DRIP LEG AS REQUIRED
BY LOCAL CODES.
TO VENT
TERMINATION
ON ROOF
Z
THERMOSTAT
SHIELD
(OPTIONAL)
(V) PILOT & MAIN BURNER
* ALL PIPING MATERIALS TO BE
SUPPLIED BY CUSTOMERS.
FIGURE 1.
5
TYPICAL INST
ALLA
TION
INSTALLA
ALLATION
* MIXING VALVE USAGE
FIGURE 2.
This appliance has been design certified as complying with American
National Standard/CSA Standard ANSI Z21.10.1 • CSA 4. 1 for water
heaters and is considered suitable for:
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to
a temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing,
dish washing, and other sanitizing needs can scald and permanently
injure you upon contact. Some people are more likely to be
permanently injured by hot water than others. These include the
elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/mentally handicapped. If
anyone using hot water in your home fits into one of these groups
or if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain temperature
water at the hot water tap, then you must take special precautions.
In addition to using the lowest possible temperature setting that
satisfies your hot water needs, a means such as a *Mixing Valve,
shall be used at the hot water taps used by these people or at the
water heater. Mixing valves are available at plumbing supply or
hardware stores. Consult a Qualified Installer or Service Agency.
Follow mixing valve manufacturer’s instructions for installation of
the valves. Before changing the factory setting on the thermostat,
read the “Temperature Regulation” section in this manual, see Figures
36 and 37.
Water (Potable) Heating: All models are considered suitable for water
(potable) heating.
6
LOCA
TING THE NEW W
ATER HEA
TER
OCATING
WA
HEATER
have no more than 3 elbows. All horizontal runs require adequate
support at 3 1/2 feet intervals., see Figure 4.
FACTS TO CONSIDER ABOUT THE LOCATION
Whether replacing an old water heater or putting the water heater in a
new location, the following critical points must be observed.
This manufactured home gas-fired water heater is for use in a
manufactured home. You should carefully choose an indoor location
for the new water heater, because the placement is a very important
consideration for the safety of your occupants in the building and for
the most economical use of the appliance. This water heater is for
use only in a manufactured home and not intended for outdoor
installation.
This water heater has been designed and certified as a direct vent
(sealed combustion) unit and no draft diverter is to be used.
Minimum clearances between the water heater and combustible and
noncombustible construction are 0” from sides, 0” from back, 4” from
front of jacket to closet door and 27” from top of jacket to combustible
material. Minimum vent clearances: 6”. Provide 24” front clearance for
servicing and adequate clearance between the jacket top and ceiling
for servicing the flue area.
The combustion and ventilation air flow must not be obstructed.
Combustion air must be supplied from outside the manufactured home
by way of the furnished 3” diameter (30 and 40 Gallon) or 4” diameter
(50 Gallon) air intake duct assembly. A 3 1/2” diameter (30 and 40
Gallon) or 4 1/2” diameter (50 Gallon) floor opening below the water
heater is required to accommodate the air intake duct assembly. Weight
of the water heater on duct gasket seals the water heater to air intake
duct assembly.
FIGURE 4.
When a manufactured home is skirted, an air intake opening with a
minimum free area of 32 square inches must be provided in the skirt. If
the opening is covered by louvers or screen, the total free area must
be 32 square inches. Other gas fired appliance in the home will require
additional free air openings; consult these manufacturers for correct
sizing, see Figure 3.
The water heater should be secured to the floor and to the wall of the
enclosure with the mounting brackets provided. For bracket location
refer to Securing Water Heater to Floor and Wall” in the “Installing the
New Water heater” section.
Installation of the water heater must be accomplished in such a manner
that if the tank or any connections should leak, the flow will not cause
damage to the structure. For this reason, it is not advisable to install the
water heater in an attic or upper floor. When such locations cannot be
avoided, a suitable drain pan should be installed under the water heater.
Drain pans are available at your local hardware store. Such a drain
pan must have a minimum length and width of at least 2 inches (51 mm)
greater that the water heater dimensions and must be piped to an
adequate drain. The pan must not restrict combustion air flow. When a
drain pan is required, see installation instructions on page 9.
FIGURE 3.
Water heater life depends upon water quality, water pressure and the
environment in which the water heater is installed. Water heaters are
sometimes installed in locations where leakage may result in property
damage, even with the use of a drain pan piped to a drain. However,
unanticipated damage can be reduced or prevented by a leak detector
or water shut-off device used in conjunction with a piped drain pan.
If the manufactured home is installed over a basement or crawlspace,
combustion air must be supplied from outside the manufactured home.
The combustion air intake piping can be 3” PVC for 30 and 40 gallon
models and 4” PVC for 50 gallon models. The air intake piping cannot
exceed a total of 30 feet including vertical and horizontal runs and
7
alcove or closet, the entire floor must be covered by the panel. Failure
to heed this warning may result in a fire hazard.
These devices are available from some plumbing supply wholesalers
and retailers, and detect and react to leakage in various ways:
•
Sensors mounted in the drain pan that trigger an alarm or turn off
the incoming water to the water heater when leakage is detected.
•
Sensors mounted in the drain pan that turn off the water supply to
the entire home when water is detected in the drain pan.
•
Water supply shut-off devices that activate based on the water
pressure differential between the cold water and hot water pipes
connected to the water heater.
•
Devices that will turn off the gas supply to a gas water heater while
at the same time shutting off its water supply.
A gas water heater cannot operate properly without the correct amount
of air for combustion. Provide ventilation and combustion air by means
of an air intake duct assembly as stated in “Water Heater Installation”.
Never obstruct the flow of ventilation air. If you have any doubts or
questions at all, call your gas supplier. Failure to provide the proper
amount of combustion air can result in a fire or explosion and cause
death, serious bodily injury, or property damage.
• Install water heater in accordance
with the instruction manual and
NFPA 54.
• To avoid injury, combustion and
ventilation air must be taken from
outdoors.
• Do not place chemical vapor
emitting products near water
heater.
INSTALLATIONS IN AREAS WHERE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
(VAPORS) ARE LIKELY TO BE PRESENT OR STORED (GARAGES,
STORAGE AND UTILITY AREAS, ETC.): Flammable liquids (such as
gasoline, solvents, propane [LP or butane, etc.] and other substances
such as adhesives, etc.) emit flammable vapors which can be ignited
by a gas water heater’s pilot light or main burner. The resulting flashback
and fire can cause death or serious burns to anyone in the area, as
well as property damage. If installation in such areas is your only
option, then the installation must be accomplished in a way that the pilot
flame and main burner flame are elevated from the floor at least 18
inches. While this may reduce the chances of flammable vapors, from
a floor spill being ignited, gasoline and other flammable substances
should never be stored or used in the same room or area containing a
gas water heater or other open flame or spark producing appliance.
NOTE: Flammable vapors may be drawn by air currents from other
areas of the structure to the appliance.
If this water heater will be used in beauty shops, barber shops, cleaning
establishments, or self-service laundries with dry cleaning equipment,
it is imperative that the water heater or water heaters be installed so
that combustion and ventilation air be taken from outside these areas.
Propellants of aerosol sprays and volatile compounds, (cleaners,
chlorine based chemicals, refrigerants, etc.) in addition to being highly
flammable in many cases, will also change to corrosive hydrochloric
acid when exposed to the combustion products of the water heater.
The results can be hazardous, and also cause product failure.
Also, the water heater must be located and/or protected so it is not
subject to physical damage by a moving vehicle.
INSULATION BLANKETS
• Do not obstruct water heater air
intake with insulating blanket.
• Gas and carbon monoxide detectors are available.
• Install water heater in accordance
with the instruction manual.
This water heater must not be installed directly on carpeting. Carpeting
must be protected by metal or wood panel beneath the appliance
extending beyond the full width and depth of the appliance by at least
3 inches (76.2 mm) in any direction, or if the appliance is installed in an
8
Insulation blankets are available to the general public for external use
on gas water heaters but are not necessary with these products. The
purpose of an insulation blanket is to reduce the standby heat loss
encountered with storage tank heaters. Your water heater meets or
exceeds the National Appliance Energy Conversation Act standards
with respect to insulation and standby loss requirements, making an
insulation blanket unnecessary.
• Do not cover the outer door, thermostat or temperature & pressure
relief valve.
• Do not allow insulation to come within 2" (50.8 mm) of the floor to
prevent blockage of combustion air flow to the burner.
• Do not cover the instruction manual. Keep it on the side of the
water heater or nearby for future reference.
Should you choose to apply an insulation blanket to this heater, you
should follow these instructions (For identification of components
mentioned below, see Figure 1). Failure to follow these instructions
can restrict the air flow required for proper combustion, potentially
resulting in fire, asphyxiation, serious personal injury or death.
• Do obtain new warning and instruction labels from the manufacturer
for placement on the blanket directly over the existing labels.
• Do inspect the insulation blanket frequently to make certain it
does not sag, thereby obstructing combustion air flow.
• Do not apply insulation to the top of the water heater, as this will
interfere with safe operation of the draft hood.
INST
ALLING THE NEW W
ATER HEA
TER
INSTALLING
WA
HEATER
WATER HEATER INSTALLATION
1. To locate the position of the 3 1/2” or 4 1/2” hole to be cut in the floor,
see Figures 5 and 6.
FIGURE 6.
2. If you have found that the water heater is being installed in an area
which, if the water heater was to leak, would cause damage and
have elected to install a drain pan refer to Figures 7, 8 and 9 on
page 10. If you are not installing a drain pan go directly to the next
step.
NOTE: Clearances from combustible or non combustible surface to
jacket will change template dimensions.
FIGURE 5.
9
4. Set the water heater in place against the lip of the duct assembly as
shown in Figure 11.
FIGURE 11.
FIGURE 7.
5. Secure the water heater to the duct assembly using the screw
provided.
NOTE: See pages 12 and 13 for installing an air intake through an
outside wall when the manufactured home is located over a
basement or crawl space.
SECURING WATER HEATER TO FLOOR AND WALL
The water heater must be secured to the floor and to the wall of the
enclosure with the three mounting brackets and screws packaged in the
carton with the water heater. The two small brackets stamped #0110064
are used to attach the water heater to the floor and the one large bracket
#0110063 is used to secure the top of the water heater to the wall.
FIGURE 8.
Because of installation variances these brackets can be located at any
points around the circumference of the jacket. When the bracket locations
are determined using the 1/8 inch drill bit for a pattern, drill only through
the outer jacket of the water heater. Then using the screws provided,
secure the bracket to the water heater, floor and wall, see Figure 12.
FIGURE 9.
3. Insert the duct assembly as shown in Figure 10 with lip facing
forward, and using only nails, secure the duct assembly to the floor.
FIGURE 10.
FIGURE 12.
10
ROOF JACK INSTALLATION
ROOF JACK KIT MODELS VENT KIT- 12 INCH (9002964), VENT KIT - 32 INCH (9002965),
VENT KIT - 60 INCH (9002966) AND VENT KIT - 95 INCH (9002967)
FIGURE 13.
4. Ease the roof jack assembly through the roof and ceiling openings.
The roof jack flashing tilts up to 22.6° degrees for use on a sloping
roof.
1. Cut 5 1/2” diameter holes through the roof and ceiling directly in line
with the flue connection on top of the water heater. For a sloped roof,
the roof hole may have to be enlarged to allow the roof jack to be
installed vertically.
5. Use sealant or caulk on the roof to seal under flashing of the roof jack
assembly. Use roof nails or screws on wood construction or sheet
metal screws on metal roofs (nails and screws not provided), see
Figure 15.
2. Telescope down the flue pipe in the roof jack assembly to a length
that will project at least 6” below the finished ceiling before installing
the roof jack assembly.
NOTE: Flue pipe joints have silicone seals that must remain in place. A
soapy water solution sprayed around the seal area will enable the flue
pipe and outer pipe below to telescope more freely.
3. Telescope down the outer pipe of the roof jack assembly to a length
that will project at least 2” below the finished ceiling before installing
the roof jack assembly, see Figure 14.
FIGURE 15.
NOTE: An optional Roof jack Extension Pipe (9002588) is required when
the roof pitch is 5 1/2” or greater, or where local codes require the roof
jack cap (outlet) terminate above the peak of the roof.
6. Remove the paper backing from the 1 1/2” x 9 3/4” woven tape seal
(found attached to the heater top) and apply the seal around the flue
collar of the water heater, see Figure 16 on page 12.
FIGURE 14.
11
ALL MODELS
1. PVC, ABS or CPVC Schedule 40 piping and fittings are acceptable
materials for the intake air vent system.
2. The intake air vent system must terminate horizontally to the outdoors.
3. Remove the screws which attach the wind baffle to the existing
metal air intake vent pipe underneath the home. Discard the wind
baffle and screws, see Figure 19.
FIGURE 16.
7. Extend the flue pipe down close to the water heater flue collar, see
Figure 17.
FIGURE 17.
8. Slide the securing clamp over the bottom of the flue pipe and pull the
pipe down over the flue collar. Locate vent securing clamp in top
and secure clamp with sheet metal screw. Tighten nut and bolt
clamp until flue pipe is tight in clamp, see Figure 18.
FIGURE 19.
4. Attach a 3” or 4” PVC street elbow to the metal air intake vent using
3 sheet screws. Continue PVC piping to outside wall and terminate
with vent cap and screen, see Figure 20.
3” size - 30 and 40 gallon models.
4” size - 50 gallon models.
See pages 13 and 14 for cementing instructions
FIGURE 18.
NOTE: All joints for vent piping between roof jack and water heater are
sealed from the manufacturer. No additional sealing of vent pipe is
necessary.
MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLED OVER
BASEMENT OR CRAWLSPACE - AIR INTAKE
THROUGH AN OUTSIDE WALL
ALL 30 AND 40 GALLON MODELS
3” PVC Schedule 40 intake air vent piping:
Optional Kit No. 9002986 contains a 3” PVC Schedule 40-45° vent cap
with screen and two 3” wall collars.
ALL 50 GALLON MODELS
4” PVC Schedule 40 intake air vent piping:
Optional Kit no. 9002987 contains a 4” PVC Schedule 40-45° vent cap
with screen and two 4” wall collars.
FIGURE 20.
12
NOTE: Vent cap must be located a minimum of 12” above the ground.
INSTALLATION SHOWING USE OF PVC, ABS OR CPVC PIPE
5. Vertical and horizontal runs must be securely supported at 3 1/2
Foot intervals, see Figure 21.
FIGURE 23.
NOTE: Wall collars are for aesthetic purposes and are not required for
the heater to operate.
FIGURE 21.
CEMENTING PVC, ABS OR CPVC PIPE AND FITTINGS
6. The intake air vent piping can be installed with no more than 3
elbows, see Figure 22.
Read and observe all safety information printed on primer, cleaner, and
cement containers.
Primer, cleaner, and cements are extremely flammable. They are harmful
or fatal if swallowed. The vapors are harmful. They may irritate eyes
and skin and can be absorbed through the skin.
Always store primer, cleaner, and cements in cool, dry, well ventilated
places. Keep containers closed. Use them in well ventilated areas.
Wear impervious clothing while handling. Do not smoke, eat, or drink
while handling. Wash thoroughly after handling and before eating.
Wear eye protection when handling. If swallowed, drink water, do not
induce vomitting, and call a physician or poison control center
immediately. If inhaled, get fresh air and seek medical attention if ill
feelings persist. In case of eye and skin contact, immediately flush with
plenty of water for 15 minuttes and seek medical attention if irritation
persists. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
All primers, cleaners, and cements must meet all local codes and
applicable standards of the American Society For Testing Materials
Standards.
Before using primers, cleaners and cements, stir or shake, making
sure contents are liquid. Do not use if found to be lumpy or jelly-like.
1. Cut pipe ends squarely removing all burrs and dirt.
2. Dry fit pipe and fittings to be connected for proper fit.
FIGURE 22.
3. Clean pipe and fitting with primer/cleaner.
CUTTING OPENING THROUGH AN OUTSIDE WALL AND COLLAR
INSTALLATION
4. Apply a thin coat of cement to fitting, avoiding puddling inside.
5. Apply a liberal coat of cement to pipe leaving no voids.
Determine the location of the opening in the wall and cut a 3 3/4” hole
(30 & 40 Gallon) or 4 3/4” hole (50 Gallon) through an outside wall.
6. QUICKLY assemble parts while cement is fluid! If you wait too long,
recoat pipes.
The 3” or 4” PVC, ABS or CPVC Schedule 40 vent pipe can be run from
the water heater through the wall or from the wall to the water heater,
whichever is most convenient. The vent pipe must extend a minimum of
1 1/2” through the exterior wall. Note that the inside collar must be
slipped over the vent piping before locating the pipe through the wall.
Before securing the inside and outside collars to the wall, use a silicone
sealer between pipe and opening to insure a water and air tight seal,
see Figure 23.
7. Push pipe completely into socket of fitting, turning as it goes until it
bottoms.
8. Hold pipe and fitting together for 30 seconds. Then carefully clean
off excess with a cloth. Allow connections a sufficient time to cure
before distrurbing.
9. Remember that vent pipes must be adequately and securely
supported.
13
APPROXIMATE SETTING TIME FOR 2 1/2” TO 4” PIPE JOINTS
90°F TO 150°F
50°F TO 90°F
0°f TO 50°F
MOVEMENT
OF JOINT
3/4HR.
1 HR.
1 1/3 HR.
The water within the water heater tank expands as it is heated and
increases the pressure of the water system. If the relieving point of
the water heater’s temperature-pressure relief valve is reached, the
valve will relieve the excess pressure. The temperature-pressure
relief valve is not intended for the constant relief of thermal
expansion. This is an unacceptable condition and must be corrected.
It is recommended that any devices installed which could create a
closed system have a by-pass and/or the system have an expansion
tank to relieve the pressure built by thermal expansion in the water
system. Expansion tanks are available for ordering through a local
plumbing contractor. Contact the local water supplier and/or a service
agency for assistance in controlling these situations.
COMPLETE
SET
8 HRS.
15 HRS.
18 HRS.
WATER PIPING
NOTE: To protect against untimely corrosion of hot and cold
water fittings, it is strongly recommended that di-electric
unions or couplings be installed on this water heater when
connected to copper pipe.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to a
temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing, dish
washing, cleaning and other sanitizing needs can scald and
permanently injure you upon contact. Some people are more likely to
be permanently injured by hot water than others. These include the
elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/mentally handicapped. If
anyone using hot water in your home fits into one of these groups or
if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain temperature
water at the hot water tap, then you must take special precautions. In
addition to using the lowest possible temperature setting that satisfies
your hot water needs, a means such as a *mixing valve, shall be
used at the hot water taps used by these people or at the water
heater, see Figure 2. Valves for reducing point of use temperature by
mixing cold and hot water are also available. Consult a Qualified
Installer or Service Agency. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for
installation of the valves. Before changing the factory setting on the
thermostat, read the “Temperature Regulation” section in this manual.
Figure 24 shows the typical attachment of the water piping to the
water heater. The water heater is equipped with 3/4 inch NPT water
connections.
This water heater shall not be connected to any heating systems or
component(s) used with a non-potable water heating appliance.
FIGURE 24.
Toxic chemicals, such as those used for boiler treatment shall not be
introduced into this system.
T & P VALVE AND PIPE INSULATION
Water supply systems may, because of such events as high line
pressure, frequent cut-offs, the effects of water hammer among
others, have installed devices such as pressure reducing valves, check
valves, back flow preventers, etc. to control these types of problems.
When these devices are not equipped with an internal by-pass, and no
other measures are taken, the devices cause the water system to be
closed. As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion) and closed
systems do not allow for the expansion of heated water.
Remove insulation for T&P Valve and pipe connections from carton.
Fit pipe insulation over the hot water line. Make sure that the insulation
is against the top cover of the heater.
Fit T&P Valve insulation over valve. Make sure that the insulation does
not interfere with the lever of the T&P valve.
14
Secure all insulation using tape.
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
• Temperature-pressure relief valve
must comply with ANSI Z21.22
and ASME code.
• Properly sized temperature-relief
valve must be installed in opening
provided.
• Can result in overheating and
excessive tank pressure.
• Can cause serious injury or death.
FIGURE 25.
WATER PIPING PRESSURE TEST
•
•
This heater is provided with a properly certified combination
temperature - pressure relief valve by the manufacturer.
The valve is certified by a nationally recognized testing laboratory that
maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment of
materials as meeting the requirements for Relief Valves and Automatic
Gas Shut-off Devices for Hot Water Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22 •
CSA 4.4, and the code requirements of ASME.
If water piping system is to be air pressure tested, the water
heater must be disconnected from the water piping system.
If replaced, the valve must meet the requirements of local codes, but
not less than a combination temperature and pressure relief valve
certified as indicated in the above paragraph.
Failure to disconnect the water heater during air pressure
testing of the water system could result in DEATH, SERIOUS
BODILY INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
The valve must be marked with a maximum set pressure not to exceed
the marked hydrostatic working pressure of the water heater
(150 psi = 1,035 kPa) and a discharge capacity not less than the water
heater input rate as shown on the model rating plate.
This section is only for the manufacturer installing the water heater
when the installation is to comply with H.U.D. Standards.
For safe operation of the water heater, the relief valve must not be
removed from its designated opening nor plugged.
When testing the water ways, H.U.D. Standards state:
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be installed directly into
the fitting of the water heater designed for the relief valve. Position the
valve downward and provide tubing so that any discharge will exit
only at any distance below the structural floor. Be certain that no
contact is made with any live electrical part. The discharge opening
must not be blocked or reduced in size under any circumstances.
Excessive length, over 30 feet (9.14 m), or use of more than four
elbows can cause restriction and reduce the discharge capacity of
the valve, see Figure 27.
“Water distribution system. All water piping in the water distribution
system shall be subjected to a pressure test. The test shall be made by
subjecting the system to air or water at 100 psi for 15 minutes without
loss of pressure. When air pressure is used, the water heater
shall not be connected during the test”.
NOTE: If water piping system is to be air pressure tested, the water
heater must be disconnected from the water piping system. Failure to
disconnect the water heater during air pressure testing of water piping
system could result IN DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY INJURY, OR
PROPERTY DAMAGE.
No valve or other obstruction is to be placed between the relief valve
and the tank. Do not connect tubing directly to discharge drain unless
a 6 inch air gap is provided. To prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or
property damage, the relief valve must be allowed to discharge water
in quantities should circumstances demand. If the discharge pipe is not
connected to a drain or other suitable means, the water flow may
cause property damage.
The Discharge Pipe:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the valve, or
have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
FIGURE 26.
15
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
FILLING THE WATER HEATER
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both the
temperature-pressure relief valve, and the discharge pipe.
• Shall terminate at an adequate drain.
• Shall not have any valve between the relief valve and tank.
Never use this water heater unless it is completely full of water. To
prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water. Water
must flow from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas to the
water heater.
To fill the water heater with water:
1. Close the water heater drain valve by turning the handle to the right
(clockwise). The drain valve is on the lower front of the water
heater.
2. Open the cold water supply valve to the water heater.
NOTE: The cold water supply valve must be left open when
the water heater is in use.
3. To insure complete filling of the tank, allow air to exit by opening the
nearest hot water faucet. Allow water to run until a constant flow
is obtained. This will let air out of the water heater and the piping.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be manually operated at
least once a year. Caution should be taken to ensure that (1) no one is
in front of or around the outlet of the temperature-pressure relief valve
discharge line, and (2) the water manually discharged will not cause
any bodily injury or property damage because the water may be
extremely hot.
4. Check all water piping and connections for leaks. Repair as needed.
GAS PIPING
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet to
the water heater, follow the draining instructions, and replace the
temperature-pressure relief valve with a new one.
Make sure the gas supplied is the same type listed on the model rating
plate. The inlet gas pressure must not exceed 10.5” W.C. for natural
gas and 13” W.C. for propane (L.P.) gas. The minimum inlet gas pressure
shown on the rating plate is that which will permit firing at rated input.
If the gas control valve is subjected to pressures exceeding 1/2 pound
per square inch (3.5 kPa), the damage to the gas control valve could
result in a fire or explosion from leaking gas.
If the main gas line Shut-off serving all gas appliances is used, also
turn “off” the gas at each appliance. Leave all gas appliances shut
“off” until the water heater installation is complete.
A gas line of sufficient size must be run to the water heater. Consult
the current edition of National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54
and your gas supplier concerning pipe size.
FIGURE 27.
16
There must be:
•
•
•
A sediment trap shall be installed as close to the inlet of the water
heater as practical at the time of water heater installation. The sediment
trap shall be either a tee fitting with a capped nipple in the bottom outlet
or other device recognized as an effective sediment trap. If a tee fitting
is used, it shall be installed in conformance with one of the methods of
installation shown in Figures 28,29 and 30.
A readily accessible manual shut off valve in the gas supply line
serving the water heater, and
A drip leg (sediment trap) ahead of the gas control valve to help
prevent dirt and foreign materials from entering the gas control valve.
A flexible gas connector or a ground joint union between the shut
off valve and control valve to permit servicing of the unit.
Be sure to check all the gas piping for leaks before lighting the water
heater. Use a soapy water solution, not a match or open flame. Rinse
off soapy solution and wipe dry.
When installed at elevations above 5,000 feet (1524 m), input rating
should be reduced at the rate of 4 percent for each 1,000 feet (305 m)
above sea level which requires replacement of the burner orifice in
accordance with National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54. Contact
your local gas supplier for further information.
Failure to replace the standard orifice with a high altitude orifice when
installed could result in improper and inefficient operation of the
appliance, producing carbon monoxide gas in excess of safe limits,
which could result in serious injury or death. Contact your gas supplier
for any specific changes which may be required in your area.
FIGURE 28. GAS PIPING WITH FLEXIBLE CONNECTOR.
FIGURE 29. GAS PIPING WITH ALL
BLACK IRON PIPE TO GAS CONTROL.
ALTERNATIVE SEDIMENT TRAP LOCATION
Use pipe joint compound or teflon tape marked as being resistant to the
action of petroleum [Propane (L.P.)] gases.
The appliance and its gas connection must be leak tested before placing
the appliance in operation.
The appliance and its individual Shut-off valve shall be disconnected
from the gas supply piping system during any pressure testing of that
system at test pressures in excess of 1/2 pound per square inch
(3.5 kPa). It shall be isolated from the gas supply piping system by
closing its individual manual Shut-off valve during any pressure testing
of the gas supply piping system at test pressures equal to or less than
1/2 pound per square inch (3.5 kPa).
FIGURE 30.
Contaminants in the gas lines may cause improper operation of the gas
control valve that may result in fire or explosion. Before attaching the
gas line be sure that all gas pipe is clean on the inside. To trap any dirt
or foreign material in the gas supply line, a drip leg (sometimes called a
sediment trap) must be incorporated in the piping. The drip leg must be
readily accessible. Install in accordance with the “Gas Piping” section.
Refer to the current edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/
NFPA 54.
Connecting the gas piping to the gas control valve of the water heater
can be accomplished by either of the two methods shown in
Figures 28, 29 and 30.
SEDIMENT TRAPS
FUEL CONVERSION INSTRUCTIONS
FROM NATURAL GAS TO PROPANE (L.P.) GAS
This water heater has been factory equipped to operate with the type
gas indicated in the “EQUIPPED FOR” area of the model rating plate
located near the gas control valve. The indicated gas may be either
Natural or Propane (L.P.). By following the conversion instructions in
this manual or the instructions near the gas control valve, the water
heater must be converted if it is to be used with the opposite gas. DO
NOT USE THIS WATER HEATER WITH ANY GAS OTHER THAN THE
ONE LISTED ON THE MODEL RATING PLATE. Failure to use the correct
gas can cause problems which can result in DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY
17
INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE. If you have any questions or doubts
consult your gas supplier or gas company.
Step 10. Turn gas control knob clockwise
to “OFF” position.
Knob cannot be turned from “PILOT” to “OFF” unless knob is
depressed slightly. DO NOT FORCE.
Read and follow detailed conversion instructions located on the water
heater and also in the instruction manual in their entirety before starting
the conversion.
Step 11. Wait five minutes to clear out any gas. If you then smell
gas, STOP! Follow “B” in the safety information on “For
Your Safety” label. If you don’t smell gas, got to the next
step.
Conversion kit with necessary parts are in a bag attached to the drain
valve.
FOR 30 GALLON HEATER:
Step 12. The pilot is located in front of the burner, see Figure 33 on
page 19.
Orifice size: #40 for Natural / #52 for Propane (L.P.),
if converted - Propane Rate: 30,000 BTU.
FOR 40 GALLON HEATER:
Orifice size: #38 for Natural / #51 for Propane (L.P.),
if converted - Propane Rate: 32,000 BTU.
FOR 50 GALLON HEATER:
Orifice size: #35 for Natural / #51 for Propane (L.P.),
if converted - Propane Rate: 38,000 BTU.
Step 1.
Turn gas control knob “A” to “PILOT”. Depress and turn “OFF”,
see Figure 31 page 19.
Step 2.
Remove outer and inner access doors from water heater.
Step 3.
Remove burner assembly from water heater control
by first removing 6 screws holding inner door to heater, then
loosening 3/4” nut “H” holding burner assembly to control, see
figures 32 and 33. Loosen pilot tube nut “J” and thermocouple
nut “K” at control. Disconnect wire to Piezo Igniter.
Step 4.
Step 5.
Remove orifice “E”, see Figure 34 page 19 using 3/8” wrench.
Install orifice marked “L.P.” found in the bag into manifold.
Tighten securely. Secure burner to manifold with
screws “D”.
Loosen pilot tube nut “F”, see Figure 35 page 19. Remove
orifice “G” and replace with red colored orifice found in bag.
Reinstall nut “F” and tighten securely.
Step 7.
Make sure all connections are tightened securely, and reinstall
burner assembly into water heater. Position end of manifold
inside bracket as shown in Figure 34 page 19. Reinstall manifold
into control and tighten 3/4” nut (“H”) securely. Recheck to see that
end of manifold is still inside bracket as shown in Figure 34
page 19. Reinstall pilot tubing and thermocouple into control, see
Figure 32 page 15. Connect wire to Piezo Igniter. Reinstall inner
door using the 6 screws removed in Step 3.
Step 9.
Step 14. Push in control knob all the way and hold down. Immediately
light the pilot using the Piezo Igniter. Continue to hold control
knob in for about one (1) minute after the pilot is lit. Release
knob and it will pop back up. Pilot should remain lit. If it goes
out, repeat Steps 9 through 12.
Remove screws “D” disengaging manifold from burner, see
Figure 34 page 19.
Step 6.
Step 8.
Step 13. If you don’t smell gas, turn knob on gas control
counterclockwise
to “PILOT” position.
•
If knob does not pop up when released, stop and
immediately call the local gas supplier.
•
If the pilot will not stay lit after several tries, depress
and turn the gas control knob clockwise
to “OFF”
and call the gas supplier.
Step 15. Check for gas leaks with only pilot flame burning using soapy
water solution, not a match or open flame. Check for gas
leaks at fittings “F” and “G”, see Figure 35 page 19 and at
fittings “J”, see Figure 32 page 19.
Step 16. Make sure temperature adjustment dial is turned
clockwise (
) in its lowest position, see Figure 31
page 19.
Step 17. Replace outer door.
Step 18. At arm’s length away turn gas control knob to the full “ON”
position. WARNING: Do not use gas control knob to
regulate gas flow. Turn temperature adjustment dial
counterclockwise (
) until gas flows to main burner and
ignites.
Place screwdriver in slot “B”, see Figure 31 page 19. Depress
and turn counterclockwise (
) to stop. Control screw
must be in “IN” position for propane (L.P.) gas and in “OUT”
position for natural gas. STOP! Read label “For Your Safety”
located on your water heater.
Step 19. With a soapy water solution, not a match or open flame,
check for gas leaks at gas connection “H”, see Figure 32
page 19. If gas leak occurs, turn off immediately by shutting
off gas cock at inlet to control, or by turning gas control
knob
to “PILOT” pushing down and turning to “OFF”.
Repair gas leak as necessary, and repeat Steps 9 through
19.
Set the thermostat to lowest setting by turning the water
) to its lowest temperature
temperature dial clockwise, (
setting (with arrow on dial) as shown.
Step 20. At arm’s length away, set the thermostat to desired setting.
The mark ( ) HOT indicative of approx. 120°F (49°C) is
preferred starting point. Some local laws may require a lower
starting point. If hotter water is desired see the “Temperature
Regulation” section in this manual.
18
FIGURE 31.
Step 21. Replace the outer door if not replaced in Step 17.
Step 22. Remove adhesive label found in conversion kit and place
next to rating plate. Mark label indicating for which type gas
the water heater is now equipped.
FUEL CONVERSION INSTRUCTIONS
FROM PROPANE (L.P.) GAS TO NATURAL GAS
This water heater has been factory equipped to operate with the type
gas indicated in the “EQUIPPED FOR” area of the model rating plate
located near the gas control valve. The indicated gas may be either
Natural or Propane (L.P.). By following the conversion instructions in
this manual or the instructions near the gas control valve, the water
heater must be converted if it is to be used with the opposite gas. DO
NOT USE THIS WATER HEATER WITH ANY GAS OTHER THAN THE
ONE LISTED ON THE MODEL RATING PLATE. Failure to use the correct
gas can cause problems which can result in DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY
INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE. If you have any questions or doubts
consult your gas supplier or gas company.
FIGURE 32.
To convert from Propane (L.P.) gas to Natural gas, follow the “Fuel”
Conversion Instructions “From Natural Gas to Propane (L.P.) Gas” section
except in Step 5, use orifice “E”, marked “NAT.”. In Step 6 use pilot
orifice “G”, brass color and in Step 8 turn control screw “B” in Figure 12
clockwise (
) to stop. Screw must be in “OUT” position for Natural
Gas.
FIGURE 33.
See “Instruction Label” for orifice sizes and information below.
FOR 30 GALLON HEATER:
Orifice size: #52 Propane (L.P.) / #40 for Natural ,
if converted - Natural Rate: 30,000 BTU.
FOR 40 GALLON HEATER:
Orifice size: #51 for Propane (L.P.) / #38 for Natural,
if converted - Natural Rate: 32,000 BTU.
FIGURE 34.
FOR 50 GALLON HEATER:
Orifice size: #51 for Propane (L.P.) / #35 for Natural,
if converted - Natural Rate: 38,000 BTU.
Maximum Supply Pressure:
10.5” W.C. for Natural Gas.
13” W.C. for Propane (L.P.) Gas.
Minimum Supply Pressure:
5” W.C. for Natural Gas.
11” W.C. for Propane (L.P.) Gas.
FIGURE 35.
19
20
TEMPERA
TURE REGULA
TION
TEMPERATURE
REGULATION
Short repeated heating cycles caused by small hot water uses can
cause temperatures at the point of use to exceed the thermostat setting
by up to 30°F (16.7°C). If you experience this type of use you should
consider using lower temperature settings to reduce scald hazards.
NOTE: A water temperature range of 120°F-140°F (49°C-60°C) is
recommended by most dishwasher manufacturers.
The thermostat of this water heater has been factory set at its lowest
position. It is adjustable and must be reset to the desired temperature
setting to reduce the risk of scald injury. The mark ( ) indicative of
approximately 120°F (49°C) is preferred starting point. Some States
have a requirement for a lower setting.
Turn the water temperature dial clockwise (
) to decrease the
temperature, or counterclockwise (
) to increase the temperature.
Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail to shut off, turn off the
manual gas control valve to the appliance.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD: Water heaters are intended to produce
hot water. Water heated to a temperature which will satisfy space
heating, clothes washing, dish washing, and other sanitizing needs
can scald and permanently injure you upon contact. Some people are
more likely to be permanently injured by hot water than others. These
include the elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/mentally
handicapped. If anyone using hot water in your home fits into one of
these groups or if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain
temperature water at the hot water tap, then you must take special
precautions. In addition to using the lowest possible temperature setting
that satisfies your hot water needs, a means such as a mixing valve,
shall be used at the hot water taps used by these people or at the
water heater. Mixing valves are available at plumbing supply or
hardware stores, see Figure 2. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for
installation of the valves. Before changing the factory setting on the
thermostat, read the “Temperature Regulation” section in this manual,
see Figures 36 and 37.
FIGURE 36.
Temperature
Settings
Time to Produce 2nd & 3rd
Degree Burns on Adult Skin
VERY HOT= approx. 160°F (71°C)
Never allow small children to use a hot water tap, or to draw their own
bath water. Never leave a child or handicapped person unattended in
a bathtub or shower.
About 1/2 second
C = approx. 150°F (66°C)
About 1-1/2 seconds
B = approx. 140°F (60°C)
Less than 5 seconds
A = approx. 130°F (54°C)
About 30 seconds
= approx. 120°F (49°C)
Lowest = approx. 80°F (27°C)
Setting
More than 5 minutes
----------------
FIGURE 37.
FOR Y
OUR INFORMA
TION
YOUR
INFORMATION
Moisture from the products of combustion condense on the cooler tank
surfaces and form drops of water which may fall onto the burner or
other hot surfaces to produce a “sizzling” or “frying” noise.
START UP CONDITIONS
CONDENSATE
Excessive condensation can cause pilot outage due to water running
down the flue tube onto the main burner and putting out the pilot.
Whenever the water heater is filled with cold water, some condensate
will form while the burner is on. A water heater may appear to be leaking
when in fact the water is condensation. This usually happens when:
Because of the suddenness and amount of water, condensation water
may be diagnosed as a “tank leak”. After the water in the tank warms
up (about 1-2 hours), the condition should disappear.
a. A new water heater is filled with cold water for the first time.
Do not assume the water heater is leaking until there has been enough
time for the water in the tank to warm up.
b. Burning gas produces water vapor in water heaters, particularly
high efficiency models where flue temperatures are lower.
An undersized water heater will cause more condensation. The water
heater must be sized properly to meet the family’s demands for hot water
including dishwashers, washing machines and shower heads.
c. Large amounts of hot water are used in a short time and the refill
water in the tank is very cold.
21
Excessive condensation may be noticed during the winter and early
spring months when incoming water temperatures are at their lowest.
most common complaint associated with the anode rod is one of a
“rotten egg smell” in the hot water. This odor is derived from hydrogen
sulfide gas dissolved in the water. The smell is the result of four
factors which must all be present for the odor to develop:
Good venting is essential for a gas fired water heater to operate properly
as well as to carry away products of combustion and water vapor.
a. A concentration of sulfate in the supply water.
SMOKE / ODOR
b. Little or no dissolved oxygen in the water.
It is not uncommon to experience a small amount of smoke and odor
during the initial start-up. This is due to burning off of oil from metal parts,
and will disappear in a short while.
c. A sulfate reducing bacteria which has accumulated within the water
heater (this harmless bacteria is nontoxic to humans).
THERMAL EXPANSION
d. An excess of active hydrogen in the tank. This is caused by the
corrosion protective action of the anode.
Smelly water may be eliminated or reduced in some water heater
models by replacing the anode(s) with one of less active material, and
then chlorinating the water heater tank and all hot water lines. Contact
the local water heater supplier or service agency for further information
concerning an Anode Replacement Kit and this chlorination treatment.
If the smelly water persists after the anode replacement and chlorination
treatment, we can only suggest that chlorination or aeration of the
water supply be considered to eliminate the water problem.
Do not remove the anode leaving the tank unprotected. By
doing so, all warranty on the water heater tank is voided.
Water supply systems may, because of such events as high line
pressure, frequent cut-offs, the effects of water hammer among
others, have installed devices such as pressure reducing valves, check
valves, back flow preventers, etc. to control these types of problems.
When these devices are not equipped with an internal by-pass, and no
other measures are taken, the devices cause the water system to be
closed. As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion) and closed
systems do not allow for the expansion of heated water.
“AIR” IN HOT WATER FAUCETS
The water within the water heater tank expands as it is heated and
increases the pressure of the water system. If the relieving point of
the water heater’s temperature-pressure relief valve is reached, the
valve will relieve the excess pressure. The temperature-pressure
relief valve is not intended for the constant relief of thermal
expansion. This is an unacceptable condition and must be corrected.
It is recommended that any devices installed which could create a
closed system have a by-pass and/or the system have an expansion
tank or device to relieve the pressure built by thermal expansion in the
water system. Expansion tanks are available for ordering through a
local plumbing contractor. Contact the local water heater supplier or
service agency for assistance in controlling these situations.
HYDROGEN GAS: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water
system that has not been used for a long period of time (generally two
weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and explosive.
To prevent the possibility of injury under these conditions, we
recommend the hot water faucet, located farthest away, be opened
for several minutes before any electrical appliances which are
connected to the hot water system are used (such as a dishwasher or
washing machine). If hydrogen gas is present, there will probably be
an unusual sound similar to air escaping through the pipe as the hot
water faucet is opened. There must be no smoking or open flame near
the faucet at the time it is open.
STRANGE SOUNDS
Possible noises due to expansion and contraction of some metal parts
during periods of heat-up and cool-down do not necessarily represent
harmful or dangerous conditions.
Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the burner area during
heating and cooling periods and should be considered normal. See
“Condensation” in this section.
HIGH WATER TEMPERATURE SHUT OFF SYSTEM
OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS
This water heater is equipped with an automatic gas Shut-off system.
This system works when high water temperatures are present. Turn
“OFF” the entire gas supply to the water heater. The high temperature
Shut-off is built into the gas control valve. It is non-resettable. If the
high temperature Shut-off activates, the gas control valve must be
replaced. Contact your gas supplier or service agency.
SMELLY WATER
In each water heater there is installed at least one anode rod (see
parts sections) for corrosion protection of the tank. Certain water
conditions will cause a reaction between this rod and the water. The
22
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
VENTING SYSTEM INSPECTION
You should check for sooting. Soot is not normal and will impair proper
combustion.
Soot build-up indicates a problem that requires correction before further
use. Turn “OFF” gas to water heater and leave off until repairs are
made, because failure to correct the cause of the sooting can result in
a fire causing death, serious injury, or property damage.
FIGURE 38.
BURNER CLEANING
In the event your burner needs cleaning, follow these instructions:
At least once a year a visual inspection should be made of the venting
system. You should look for:
If inspection of the burner shows that cleaning is required, turn the gas
) to the “OFF” position, depressing slightly.
control knob clockwise (
1. Obstructions which could cause improper venting. The combustion
and ventilation air flow must not be obstructed.
NOTE: The knob cannot be turned from “PILOT” to “OFF” unless
knob is depressed slightly. DO NOT FORCE.
2. Damage or deterioration which could cause improper venting or
leakage of combustion products.
The burner needs to be removed for cleaning. Call a service agency to
remove and clean the burner and correct the problem that required the
burner to be cleaned.
3. Rusted flakes around top of water heater.
HOUSEKEEPING
Be sure the vent piping is properly connected to prevent escape of
dangerous flue gasses which could cause deadly asphyxiation.
Vacuum around base of water heater for dust, dirt, and lint on a regular
basis.
Obstructions and deteriorated vent systems may present serious health
risk or asphyxiation.
Chemical vapor corrosion of the flue and vent system may occur if air
for combustion contains certain chemical vapors. Spray can propellants,
cleaning solvents, refrigerator and air conditioner refrigerants,
swimming pool chemicals, calcium and sodium chloride, waxes, bleach
and process chemicals are typical compounds which are potentially
corrosive.
If after inspection of the vent system you found sooting or deterioration,
something is wrong. Call the local gas utility to correct the problem and
clean or replace the flue and venting before resuming operation of the
water heater.
BURNER INSPECTION
Flood damage to a water heater may not be readily visible or immediately
detectable. However, over a period of time a flooded water heater will
create dangerous conditions which can cause DEATH, SERIOUS
BODILY INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE. Contact a qualified installer
or service agency to replace a flooded water heater. Do not attempt to
repair the unit! It must be replaced!
INSTALLED IN SUITABLE AREA: To insure sufficient ventilation and
combustion air supply, proper clearances from the water heater must
be maintained. See “Locating the New Water Heater” section.
Combustible materials such as clothing, cleaning materials, or flammable
liquids, etc. must not be placed against or adjacent to the water heater
which can cause a fire.
At least once a year a visual inspection should be made of the main
burner and pilot burner, see Figure 38.
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may have a check valve installed in the water line or a water meter
with a check valve. Consult your local water supplier or service
agency for further information. Do not plug the temperature-pressure
relief valve.
ANODE ROD INSPECTION
DRAINING
The anode rod is used to protect the tank from corrosion. Most hot
water tanks are equipped with an anode rod. The submerged rod
sacrifices itself to protect the tank. Instead of corroding the tank,
water ions attack and eat away the anode rod. This does not affect
the water’s taste or color. The rod must be maintained to keep the tank
in operating condition.
Anode deterioration depends on water conductivity, not necessarily
water condition. A corroded or pitted anode rod indicates high water
conductivity and should be checked and/or replaced more often than
an anode rod that appears to be intact. Replacement of a depleted
anode rod can extend the life of your water heater. Inspection should
be conducted by a qualified technician, and at a minimum should be
checked annually after the warranty period.
The water heater should be drained if being shut down during freezing
temperatures. Also periodic draining and cleaning of sediment from
the tank may be necessary.
1. Turn the gas control knob to the “OFF” position.
2. CLOSE the cold water inlet valve to the water heater.
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE OPERATION
3. OPEN a nearby hot water faucet and leave open to allow for
draining.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate to an adequate
drain.
5. OPEN the water heater drain valve to allow for tank draining.
NOTE: If the water heater is going to be shut down and
drained for an extended period, the drain valve should be
left open with hose connected allowing water to terminate
to an adequate drain.
6. CLOSE the drain valve.
7. Follow instructions in the “Filling The Water Heater” section.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be manually operated at
least once a year.
8. Follow the lighting instructions on the label or see page 20 under
“Lighting Instructions” to restart the water heater.
When checking the temperature-pressure relief valve operation, make
sure that (1) no one is in front of or around the outlet of the temperaturepressure relief valve discharge line, and (2) that the water discharge
will not cause any property damage, as the water may be extremely
hot, see Figure 39.
DRAIN VALVE WASHER REPLACEMENT
(See Figure 40)
1. Turn “OFF” gas supply to water heater.
2. Follow “Draining” instructions.
3. Turning counterclockwise (
screw handle.
), remove the hex cap below the
4. Remove the washer and put the new one in place.
5. Screw the handle and cap assembly back into the drain valve and
retighten using a wrench. DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN.
FIGURE 39.
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet to
the water heater, follow the draining instructions, and replace the
temperature-pressure relief valve with a new one.
6. Follow instructions in the “Filling The Water Heater” section.
7. Check for leaks.
If the temperature-pressure relief valve on the appliance weeps or
discharges periodically, this may be due to thermal expansion. You
8. Follow the lighting instructions on the “Lighting & Operating Label”
section to restart the water heater.
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SERVICE
If a condition persists or you are uncertain about the operation of the
water heater contact a service agency.
Use this guide to check a “Leaking” water heater. Many suspected
“Leakers” are not leaking tanks. Often the source of the water can be
found and corrected.
If you are not thoroughly familiar with gas codes, your water heater,
and safety practices, contact your gas supplier or qualified installer to
check the water heater.
FIGURE 40.
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS
Read this manual first. Then before checking the water heater make
sure the gas supply has been turned “OFF”, and never turn the gas
“ON” before the tank is completely full of water.
A. *Condensation may be seen on pipes in humid weather or pipe
connections may be leaking.
B. *The anode rod fitting may be leaking.
C. Small amounts of water from temperature-pressure relief valve
may be due to thermal expansion or high water pressure in your
area.
D. *The temperature-pressure relief valve may be leaking at the tank
fitting.
E. Water from a drain valve may be due to the valve being slightly
opened.
F. *The drain valve may be leaking at the tank fitting.
G. Combustion products contain water vapor which can condense on
the cooler surfaces of the tank. Droplets form and drip onto the
burner or run on the floor. This is common at the time of start-up
after installation and when incoming water is cold.
H. Water in the water heater bottom or on the floor may be from
condensation, loose connections, or the relief valve. DO NOT replace
the water heater until a full inspection of all possible water sources
is made and necessary corrective steps taken.
Leakage from other appliances, water lines, or ground seepage should
also be checked.
*
FIGURE 41.
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To check where threaded portion enters tank, insert cotton swab
between jacket opening and fitting. If cotton is wet, follow “Draining”
instructions in the “Periodic Maintenance” section and then remove
fitting. Put pipe dope or teflon tape on the threads and replace.
Then follow “Filling the Water Heater” instructions in the “Installing
the New Water Heater” section.
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES
These guidelines should be utilized by a qualified service agent.
Problem
WATER LEAKS
LEAKING T&P VALVE
HOT WATER ODORS
PILOT OUTAGE
PILOT WILL NOT LIGHT
NOT ENOUGH OR
NO HOT WATER
WATER TOO HOT
WATER HEATER SOUNDS:
SIZZLING - RUMBLING
SOOTING
Cause
Solution
Improperly sealed, hot or cold supply connection,
relief valve, drain valve, or thermostat threads.
Leakage from other appliances or water lines.
Condensation of flue products.
Thermal expansion in closed water system.
Improperly seated valve.
Tighten threaded connections.
High sulfate or mineral content in water supply.
Bacteria in water supply.
Dirty pilot burner.
Thermocouple tip is not in contact with pilot flame.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Gas knob dial not positioned correctly.
Pilot orifice clogged.
Pinched or clogged pilot tube.
Main gas supply off.
Heater not lit or thermostat not on.
Thermostat set too low.
Heater undersized.
Low gas pressure.
Incoming water is unusually cold.
Leaking hot water pipes or fixtures.
High temperature limit switch activated.
Thermostat set too high.
Condensate dripping on burner.
Sediment at bottom of heater tank.
Improper combustion.
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Inspect other appliances near water heater.
Refer to CONDENSATION.
Install thermal expansion tank (DO NOT plug T&P valve).
Check relief valve for proper operation
(DO NOT plug T&P valve).
Drain and flush heater thoroughly, then refill.
Chlorinate or aerate water supply.
Clean pilot assembly.
Insert thermocouple correctly.
Replace thermocouple.
Check thermostat.
Refer to LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS.
Clean or replace pilot orifice.
Replace pilot tube.
Turn on main gas shut-off valve.
Refer to LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS.
Refer to TEMPERATURE REGULATION.
Reduce the hot water use.
Contact dealer.
Allow more time for heater to re-heat.
Have a plumber check and repair leaks.
Contact a Service Agency to determine cause.
Refer to HIGH TEMPERATURE REGULATION.
Refer to CONDENSATE.
Clean sediment from tank. Refer to DRAINING instructions
in Maintenance section of manual.
Refer to FACTS TO CONSIDER ABOUT THE LOCATION,
see Figure 2 on page 6.
REP
AIR P
ARTS LIST
REPAIR
PARTS
Key No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8
9
10
11
#12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
#20
#20
21
21
22
23
24
24
24
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
*
#
Part Description
Air Duct Assembly (12” to 24” Long)
Angle Bracket (2 Required)
Angle Bracket
Anode Rod
Sight Glass Assembly
Burner
Burner Manifold
Burner Orifice (Natural Gas)
Burner Orifice (Propane [L.P.] Gas)
Burner Access Door Assembly
Drain Pan
Drain Valve
Drain Valve Washer (17/32”x13/64”x1/8” thick)*
10” Extension Pipe (Optional)
Flue Baffle
Gas Control Valve
Gasket - Air Intake
Piezo Igniter Assembly
Nipple w/Heat Traps
Outer Door
Optional 3” Outside Wall
Intake Air Vent Kit 9002986
Optional 4” Outside Wall
Intake Air Vent Kit 9002987
Pilot Burner (Natural) Gas
Pilot Burner (Propane [L.P.] Gas)
Pilot Tubing w/Fittings
Pipe Insulation
Roof Jack 12” (9002964)
Roof Jack 32” (9002965)
Roof Jack 60” (9002966)
Roof Jack 95” (9002967)
Securing Clamp Assembly
T & P Insulation
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
Thermocouple
Thermostat Shield
Vent Cap
THERMOSTAT SHIELD
DRAIN PAN
These parts available at most hardware stores.
Not Shown.
Now that you have purchased this water heater, should a need ever
exist for repair parts or service, simply contact the company it was
purchased from or direct from the manufacturer listed on the rating
plate on the water heater.
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Be sure to provide all pertinent facts when you call or visit.
BURNER ASSEMBLY
Selling prices will be furnished on request or parts will be
shipped at prevailing prices and you will be billed accordingly.
The model number of your Gas Water Heater will be found on the
rating place located above the gas control valve.
WHEN ORDERING REPAIR PARTS, ALWAYS GIVE THE FOLLOWING
INFORMATION:
•
•
•
•
MODEL NUMBER
TYPE GAS (NATURAL OR PROPANE (L.P.)
SERIAL NUMBER
PART DESCRIPTION
THIS IS A REPAIR PARTS LIST, NOT A PACKING LIST.
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