MHS Boilers EF500 Technical data

GEMINI HSC
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION
SERVICE & CLEANING
L 117
GEMINI HSC
Index
page
2
section
3 . . . . . . . . . . .1.0
2.0
3.0
General Notes
Water Supply Regulations
Building Regulations
4 . . . . . . . . . . .4.0
Specification for Gemini
5 . . . . . . . . . . .5.0
. . . . . . . . . . . .6.0
Single Calorifier Dimensional Data
Connection Details
6 . . . . . . . . . . .7.0
Technical Data
7 . . . . . . . . . . .8.0
. . . . . . . . . . . .9.0
Installation Requirements
System Schematics
8 . . . . . . . . . . .9.0
System Schematics (Contd)
9 . . . . . . . . . .10.0
. . . . . . . . . . .10.1
Unvented Hot Water Installation
Unvented Installation Component Check List
10 . . . . . . . . .10.1
Unvented Installation Component Check List (Contd)
11 . . . . . . . . .10.1
Unvented Installation Component Check List (Contd)
12 . . . . . . . . .10.2
..............
Unvented Systems Terminating Safety Discharge Pipes
13 . . . . . . . . .10.2
..............
Unvented Systems Terminating Safety Discharge Pipes (Contd)
14 . . . . . . . . .10.3
Secondary Circulation
15 . . . . . . . . .11.0
Horizontal Installation
16 . . . . . . . . .12.0
. . . . . . . . . . .13.0
Control Panel
Wiring Detail
17 . . . . . . . . .14.0
Electrical Connection
18 . . . . . . . . .15.0
. . . . . . . . . . .16.0
..............
Water Connections
Filling the Water Heater/
Commissioning the Water System
19 . . . . . . . . .16.0
..............
. . . . . . . . . . .17.0
Filling the Water Heater/
Commissioning the Water System (Contd)
Unvented System Controls
20 . . . . . . . . .18.0
. . . . . . . . . . .19.0
. . . . . . . . . . .20.0
Optional Immersion Heaters
Use of Electric Immersion Heater
Draining the Calorifier
21 . . . . . . . . .21.0
Immersion Heater Replacement
22 . . . . . . . . .22.0
Internal Inspection (Secondary)
23 . . . . . . . . .23.0
..............
. . . . . . . . . . .24.0
Optional 3 Phase 7.5kW
Immersion Heater for Model 500-i
To Reset Limit Thermostat (All Models)
GEMINI HSC
1.0 general
notes
The Gemini HSC range of high performance calorifiers from MHS Boilers Ltd comprises six models,
the 60-i, 100-i, 150-i, 200-i, 300-i and the 500-i providing hot water outputs of up to 1474 L/hr continuous
at a temperature rise of 50°C.
Gemini HSC calorifiers are constructed from two concentric cylindrical tanks (tank within a tank), a
principle which provides many advantages over conventional coil or tube type calorifiers.
The inner or secondary tank which contains the domestic hot water, is positioned within a mild steel
primary tank in which the primary heating water is circulated.
This arrangement ensures that the domestic water is thoroughly, efficiently and rapidly heated to
provide volume hot water for a wide variety of domestic, commercial or industrial applications.
The secondary inner tank is fabricated from corrugated stainless steel and is suspended within the
primary tank. The suspended and corrugated form allows the inner tank freedom to move and flex freely
preventing performance reducing calcium scale from adhering to the inner walls.
The corrugations also create eddy currents within the water as heating takes place preventing
stratification and ensures thorough and even heating of the entire domestic volume with no cool zones.
The thorough and even heating working principle of the HSC calorifier greatly assists with the
prevention of legionella bacteria. The scale resistant features together with the corrosion resistance of the
stainless steel significantly reduces the frequency of maintenance and avoids the need for sacrificial anodes.
Each Gemini HSC is equipped with a top mounted inspection/cleaning access port and has the facility
to be supplied with a backup electric immersion heater to provide nominal hot water supply during boiler
shutdown.
Gemini HSC calorifiers carry a five year guarantee against material or manufacturing defect in relation
to the water carrying parts. All other parts have a one year guarantee.
water byelaws scheme approved product
The Gemini HSC calorifier is listed in the Water Regulations Advisory Scheme’s Water Fittings and
Materials Directory. The Scheme’s Fittings assessment panel finds that the use of Gemini HSC fittings or
units, when correctly installed, will not contravene the requirements of the Water Regulations or
Regulations (NI).
2.0 water supply
(water fittings) regulations 1999
The water regulations ensure a good supply of wholesome water, and that only approved materials,
pipes and fittings are used to convey water.
3.0 building
regulations
Building regulations are statutory and take precedence over all other regulations and recommendations.
The installation of a water heater into an unvented system must meet the requirements of Building
Regulation G3 and may only be installed by a competent person. All installations of unvented hot water
storage systems having a capacity of more than 15 litres should be notified to the relevant Local Authority
by means of building notice or by the submission of full plans. Note, it is an offence to install an unvented
hot water storage system without notifying the Local Authority.
3
GEMINI HSC
4.0 specification
for gemini
vessel
The Gemini HSC calorifier is constructed from two concentric cylindrical tanks. The primary outer tank
is manufactured from boiler quality ST-37 carbon steel.
The domestic hot water vessel is constructed from A1S1 316 Ti stainless steel and is formed with
corrugated walls, and welded using inert Argon atmosphere followed by sand blast oxide removal.
connections
The secondary connections are formed in stainless steel and are mounted onto a removable inspection
plate which also carries the thermostat pocket.
immersion heater (optional)
The optional immersion heater is located in the primary water space below the secondary inner tank,
ensuring complete heating, and avoids being secondary water scale fouled.
insulation
A high standard of insulation is afforded using high density injected rigid polyurethane foam.
control panel
Each calorifier is equipped with an injection moulded control panel which houses a dial type
thermometer, control thermostat, immersion heater switch and electric connection terminal rail.
When specified for unvented hot water application, a manual reset high limit energy cut out is
also included.
outer jacket
The product is finished using injection moulded rigid PVC and top and base covers, with an additional
removable padded vinyl jacket.
wall mounted brackets
Models 60-i, 100-i and 150-i are supplied complete with wall mounting brackets to allow either vertical
or horizontal wall mounting.
key to principle components
1
Hot drawoff (vertical installation)
2
Cold feed (vertical installation)
3
Primary flow
4
Primary return
5
Primary air vent
6
Top moulding
7
Stainless steel domestic water vessel
8
Primary vessel
9
Thermostat pocket & dip tube stay
10 Base moulding
11 Dip tube
12 Padded vinyl jacket
13 Rigid polyurethane foam insulation
14 Immersion heater (optional)
Secondary return connection not
shown for clarity
4
GEMINI HSC
5.0 single calorifier
dimensional data
B
a
e
b
60
E 40
60 - i
100 - i
150 - i
200 - i
300 - i
500 - i
c
448
B
a
b
e
A
E
D
c
A
448
d
d
207
G
60
G
60
F
F
Fig 1.
Dimensions in millimetres
Model
A
B
D
E
F
G
60 - i
749
480
–
210
145
31
100 - i
1154
480
–
205
145
31
150 - i
983
620
–
248
164
50
200 - i
1239
620
390
247
148
34
300 - i
1724
620
875
226
146
34
500 - i
1730
770
861
283
168
54
6.0 connection
details
*
Model
Primary Flow & Return
c&d
60 - i
1" BSP - F
100 - i
1" BSP - F
150 - i
1" BSP - F
200 - i
1" BSP - F
300 - i
1" BSP - F
500 - i
1 /2" BSP - F
1
DHW Feed
a
/4" BSP - M
Secondary Return
e
/4" BSP - M
N/A
1" BSP - M
1" BSP - M
1" BSP - M
1" BSP - M
1" BSP - M
*1" BSP - M
*1" BSP - M
1" BSP - M
*1" BSP - M
*1" BSP - M
1" BSP - M
*1" BSP - M
*1" BSP - M
1" BSP - M
3
3
1" BSP - M
Supplied with 1 / " x 1" reducing socket to increase connection
size for open vented installations.
(Not required, not supplied with)
(Unvented connection kits)
1
DHW Drawoff
b
2
e
plan view
50
20
Front
a
b
80
Front
Fig 2.
5
GEMINI HSC
7.0 technical
data
HSC
60 - i
100 - i
150 - i
200 - i
300 - i
500 - i
DHW Capacity
L
UK Gal
55
12.09
100
22.0
150
33.0
200
44.0
300
66.0
500
110.0
Primary Capacity
L
UK Gal
22
4.83
32
7.03
44
9.67
56
12.31
72
15.83
98
21.55
m2
ft2
0.6
6.45
1.0
10.76
1.2
12.91
1.6
17.22
2.4
25.83
3.1
33.36
17
58,000
35
119,420
33
112,596
44
150,128
67
228,604
86
293,432
Model
Performance Data When
Primary Flow 80ºC & Return 60ºC
Performance Data When
Primary Flow 85ºC & Return 65ºC
Performance Data When
Primary Flow 80ºC & Return 70ºC
Heating Surface
Heat Transfer Rate
kW
Btu/h
Primary Circuit
Pressure Drop
mm, wg
in wg
15
0.6
237
9.33
79
3.11
173
6.81
545
21.45
338
13.3
10min Peak Output
at 50ºC ∆t
L
UK Gal
103
22.65
200
44.0
244
53.67
325
71.5
491
108.0
745
163.88
1st Hour Continuous
L/h
Output @ 50ºC ∆t UK Gal/h
346
76.11
699
153.76
715
157.28
954
209.85
1448
318.52
1974
434.22
Continuous Output
at 50ºC ∆t
291
64.01
599
131.76
565
124.28
754
165.86
1148
252.52
1474
324.24
16
14
21
21
20
25
L/h
UK Gal/h
Heat Up Time
10-60°C
min
Heat Transfer
Rate
kW
Btu/h
11.2
38,214
23.06
78,680
21.74
74,176
28.99
98,913
44.15
150,639
56.68
193,392
Primary Circuit
Pressure Drop
mmwg
in wg
4
0.15
60
2.4
20
0.78
44
1.73
137
5.4
85
3.4
L
UK Gal/h
87
19.13
165
36.49
212
46.65
282
62.21
426
93.74
661
145.60
1st Hour Continuous
L/h
Output at 50ºC ∆t
Uk Gal/h
246
54.33
495
108.95
522
114.97
696
153.31
1056
232.48
1471
323.72
Continuous Output
at 50ºC ∆t
192
42.23
395
86.95
372
81.97
496
109.32
756
166.48
971
213
24
20
31
31
30
37
10 minute peak
Output at 50ºC ∆t
L/h
Uk Gal/h
Heat Up Time
50ºC ∆t
min
Heat Transfer
Rate
kW
Btu/h
8.96
30,571
18.45
62,951
17.39
59,334
23.2
79,158
35.32
120,511
45.34
154,700
Primary Circuit
Pressure Drop
mm wg
in wg
4
0.15
60
2.4
20
0.78
44
1.73
137
5.4
85
3.4
10 min Peak
Output at 50ºC ∆t
L
UK Gal
80
17.72
152
33.6
199
43.92
266
58.57
400
88.19
629
138.48
1st Hour Continuous
L/h
Output at 50ºC ∆t
Uk Gal/h
208
45.88
416
91.57
448
98.57
597
131.48
905
199.18
1277
280.96
Continuous Output
at 50ºC ∆t
153
33.78
316
69.57
298
65.57
397
87.48
605
133.18
777
170.97
min
30
25
39
39
37
46
Maximum Operating
Temperature
°C
°F
90
194
90
194
90
194
90
194
90
194
90
194
Maximum Operating
Pressure Primary
bar
psig
3.0
44
3.0
44
3.0
44
3.0
44
3.0
44
3.0
44
Maximum Operating
Pressure Secondary
bar
psig
8.0
116
8.0
116
8.0
116
8.0
116
8.0
116
8.0
116
Kg
lbs
32/109
71/241
48/180
106/397
64/258
141/569
78/334
172/737
109/481
241/1060
151/749
333/1651
Heat Up Time
50ºC ∆t
Weight
Empty/Filled
L/h
Uk Gal/h
Performance of the unit may vary with other operating conditions.
6
GEMINI HSC
8.0 installation
requirements
The calorifiers must be installed to comply with the Water Supply (Water Fittings) Regulations 1999,
Building Regulations, I.E.E. Regulations and the Bye-Laws of the local Water Company. The installation
should also be in accordance with any Local Authority requirements and the recommendations of CP342
Centralised hot water supply, or BS6700 as appropriate. Gemini HSC calorifiers should be positioned on a
level plinth which must be capable of supporting the weight of the calorifier when filled with water.
Allowance should be made for access to the flow, return and electrical connection.
9.0 system
schematics
typical single calorifier open vented application
Open
Vent
Secondary
Pump
IV
Cold
Feed
IV
NRV
IV
3 Way Vent Valve
Flow
From
Boiler
Drain at
Low Level
Return to Boiler
Fig 3.
typical single calorifier
unvented-direct-on-mains/boosted supply application
Isolation Valve
Expansion Relief Valve
Set 6.0 bar
NRV
IV
Temperature & Pressure Relief Valve
Set 7.0 bar & 90-95°C
Core Assembly with
Integral Non-Return Valve
Expansion Vessel
Stop
Valve
IV
Secondary
Pump
Pressure Limiting Valve with
Integral Strainer Set 3.5 bar
Flow
from
Boiler
Balanced Pressure Cold Water Supply
3 Way Vent Valve
2 Port Spring
Return
Motorised
Valve
Tundish
Cold Supply
Drain at
Low Level
Return to Boiler
Fig 4.
7
GEMINI HSC
9.0 system schematics (contd)
typical multiple calorifiers open vented application
Open
Vent
Secondary
Pump
IV NRV
Cold
Feed
IV
3 Way Vent Valve
Flow
From
Boiler
IV IV
Divertor
Valve
Reg
Valve
Drain at
Low Level
Return to Boiler
Fig 5.
typical multiple calorifiers
unvented-direct-on-mains/boosted supply application
Cold
Supply
Balanced
Pressure
Cold Water
Take Off
IV
Stop Valve
Pressure Control
with Strainer
Expansion
Vessel
Flow from
Boiler
Motorised Valve
Expansion
Valve
NRV
NRV
Secondary Pump
IV
Temperature &
Pressure Relief Valve
IV
3 Way Vent Valve
Pressure
Operated
Bypass Valve
Tundish
Note
See also Fig.4.
Drain at
Low Level
Return to Boiler
Fig 6.
unvented application detail of
core manifold assembly
Core Manifold Inc
Non Return Valve
Pressure Limiting Valve
Set 3-5 bar Inc Strainer
8
Plugged Tapping For
The Take-Off of A
“Balanced Pressure”
Cold Supply if Req’d.
Expansion Relief
Valve Set 6 bar
Remove and Discard
Plug. Connect
Expansion Vessel To
This Port
Fig 7.
GEMINI HSC
10.0 unvented
hot water installation
To install a Gemini HSC Calorifier as an unvented hot water storage package, then a Water Regulations
Advisory Scheme approved kit of safety devices, valves and fittings complying with BS7206:1990 and
satisfying the requirements of Building Regulation G3, available from MHS Boilers Ltd must be installed to
protect the system and prevent water temperature from exceeding 100°C. The kit of parts includes as a
minimum (see checklist of components 10.2), a suitably sized expansion vessel with air charge pre-set at
3.5 bar, a pressure limiting valve set at 3.5 bar, an expansion relief valve set at 6.0 bar, a temperature and
pressure relief valve set at 7.0 bar and 90-95°C, a core manifold assembly with integral non return valve, a
tundish and a 2 port spring return motorised valve.
The components must be installed as shown in fig 4. There must be no valves installed between the
calorifier and the connection to the expansion relief valve. The connections provided for the connection
of the temperature and pressure relief valve and the expansion relief valve must not be used for any other
purpose. The mains water supply pressure must not exceed 12.0 bar.
10.1 unvented installation
component check list
calorifier models 60i, 100i, 150i
Component
Part No.
1. 22mm pressure reducing valve with integral coaxial strainer and
balanced cold water take off connection (blanked) Pre-set 3.5 bar.
PRED 510 008
2. 22mm expansion/check valve assembly with integral expansion vessel connection.
Relief setting 6.0 bar.
CORE 215 002
3. 12 litre expansion vessel. Precharge pressure 3.5 bar.
XVES 600 027
4. Expansion vessel mounting bracket c/w fixings.
BRKT 240 023
5.
3
/4" aluminium braided connection hose (for expansion vessel) 1000mm long.
HOSE 202 106
6.
3
/4" MI BSP Inlet/22mm relief connection temperature and pressure safety
relief valve with 230mm probe set 7.0 bar and 90-95°C.
PTEM 575 901
7. 22mm x 28mm acetal tundish straight.
TUND 219 001
8. 1" FI BSP equal tee bronze for temperature and pressure relief valve connection
to hot water draw off connection.
ZTEE 250 007
9. 1" x 3/4" BSP reducing bush DZR for temperature and pressure relief valve
connection to tee piece (as listed above).
ZDAP 201 002
10. 1" x 3/4" BSP reducing bush DZR for connection of tee piece (as listed in 8 above)
to hot water draw off connection of model 60i calorifier.
Not required for models 100i, 150i and 200i.
ZDAP 201 002
11. 28mm Landis two port spring return motorised valve c/w actuator.
ZONE 250 401
9
GEMINI HSC
10.1 component check list (contd)
calorifier model 200i
Component
Part No.
1. 22mm pressure reducing valve with integral coaxial strainer and balanced cold
water take off connection (blanked). Pre-set 3.5 bar.
PRED 510 008
2. 22mm expansion/check valve assembly with integral expansion vessel connection.
Relief setting 6.0 bar.
CORE 215 002
3. 18 Litre expansion vessel. Precharge pressure 3.5 bar.
XVES 600 031
4. Expansion vessel mounting bracket c/w fixings.
BRKT 240 023
/4" aluminium braided connection hose (for expansion vessel) 1000mm long.
HOSE 202 106
/4" MI BSP inlet/22mm relief connection temperature and pressure safety relief
valve with 230mm probe set. 7.0 bar and 90-95°C.
PTEM 575 901
5.
3
6.
3
7. 22mm x 28mm acetal tundish straight
TUND 219 001
8. 1" FI BSP equal tee bronze for temperature and pressure relief valve connection
to hot water draw off connection.
ZTEE 250 007
9. 1" x 3/4" BSP reducing bush DZR for temperature and pressure relief valve
connection to tee piece (as listed above).
ZADP 201 002
10. 1" x 3/4" BSP reducing bush DZR for connection of tee piece (as listed in 8 above)
to hot water draw off connection of model 60i calorifier.
Not required for models 100i, 150i and 200i.
ZDAP 201 002
11. 28mm Landis two port spring return motorised valve c/w actuator
ZONE 250 401
calorifier model 300i
Component
Part No.
1. 1" MI BSP union type press reducing valve with integral strainer. Set 3.5 bar.
PRED 300 027
2. 1" FI BSP check valve core assembly with integral balanced cold water take off
CORE 255 001
connection (blanked), expansion vessel connection and expansion valve connection.
3.
10
3
/4" MI BSP inlet expansion valve with 3/4" FI relief connection. Set 6.0 bar.
PREL 102 018
4. 25 litre expansion vessel. Precharge pressure 3.5 bar.
XVES 603 041
5. Expansion vessel mounting bracket c/w fixings.
BRKT 240 024
/4" aluminium braided connection hose 1000mm long (for expansion vessel).
HOSE 202 106
/4" MI BSP inlet temperature and pressure safety relief valve with 22mm
relief connection. 230mm probe. Set 7.0 bar and 90-95°C.
PTEM 575 901
6.
3
7.
3
GEMINI HSC
10.1 component check list (contd)
calorifier model 300i (contd)
Component
Part No.
8. 22mm x 28mm acetal tundish straight.
TUND 219 001
9. 1" FI BSP equal tee bronze for temperature and pressure relief valve connection
to calorifier hot water outlet connection.
ZTEE 250 007
10. 1" x 3/4" BSP reducing bush DZR for connection of temperature and pressure
relief valve into tee piece (listed above).
ZADP 201 002
11. 28mm Landis two port spring return motorised valve c/w actuator.
ZONE 250 401
calorifier model 500i
Component
Part No.
1. 1" MI BSP Union type pressure reducing valve with integral strainer. Set 3.5 bar.
PRED 300 027
2. 1" FI BSP check valve core assembly with integral balanced cold water take off
CORE 255 001
connection (blanked), expansion vessel connection and expansion valve connection.
3.
/4" MI BSP inlet expansion valve with 3/4" FI relief connection set 6.0 bar.
3
4. 40 litre expansion vessel. Precharge pressure 3.5 bar.
PREL 102 018
XVES 603 046
5.
3
/4" aluminium braided connection hose (for expansion vessel) 1000mm long.
HOSE 202 106
6.
3
/4" MI BSP inlet/22mm relief connection. Temperature and pressure safety
relief valve. Set 7.0 bar and 90-95°C 230mm probe.
PTEM 575 901
7. 22 x 28mm acetal tundish straight
TUND 219 001
8. 1" FI BSP equal tee bronze for connection of temperature and pressure relief
valve to calorifier hot water outlet connection.
ZTEE 250 007
9. 1" x 3/4" BSP reducing bush DZR for connection of temperature and pressure
relief valve to tee piece (as listed above).
ZADP 201 002
10. 11/2" FI BSP Landis two port motorised valve.
ZONE 250 402
11. Landis spring return actuator for motorised valve (as listed above).
ZONE 250 403
11
GEMINI HSC
10.2 unvented systems-
terminating safety discharge pipes
suggested ways of terminating discharging pipes safely
Metal discharge pipe (D1) from
temperature relief valve to Tundish
safety device
(e.g. temperature
relief valve)
Tundish
500 mm Max
300 mm Min
Metal discharge pipe (D2)
from tundish, with continuous
fall. See 10.2d i-iv.
Discharge below
fixed grating (10.2d ii & iii
gives alternative points
of discharge)
Fixed grating
Trapped gulley
Fig 8.
suggested ways of terminating discharging pipes safely
Tundish
Discharge above
ground level
Observe detail as Fig.8 above
Max. 100mm
Fig 9.
12
GEMINI HSC
10.2 terminating safety discharge pipes (contd)
The tundish should be vertical, located in the same space as the unvented hot water storage system
and be fitted as close as possible and within 500mm of the safety device (eg. the temperature relief valve)
and must be away from any electrical device.
The discharge pipe (D2) from the tundish should terminate in a safe place where there is no risk to
persons in the vicinity of the discharge, be of metal and:
a) be at least one pipe size larger than the nominal outlet size of the safety device unless its total
equivalent hydraulic resistance exceeds that of a straight pipe 9m long ie: discharge pipes between
9 and 18m equivalent resistance length should be at least two sizes larger than the nominal outlet size
of the safety device, between 18m and 27m at least 3 sizes larger, and so on. Bends must be taken into
account in calculating the flow resistance. Refer to Table 1 and the worked example on page 14.
An alternative approach for sizing discharge pipes would be to follow BS 6700: 1987 Specification for
design installation, testing and maintenance of services supplying water for domestic use within
buildings and their curtilages. Appendix E, section E2 table 21.
b) have a vertical section of pipe at least 300mm long, below the tundish before any elbows or bends in
the pipework.
c) be installed with a continuous fall.
d) have discharges visible at both the tundish and the final point of discharge but where this is not possible
or is practically difficult there should be clear visibility at one or other of these locations. Examples of
acceptable discharge arrangements are:
i.
ideally below a fixed grating and above the water seal in trapped gully.
ii. downward discharges at low level, ie: up to 100mm above external surfaces such as car parks, hard
standings, grassed areas etc. are acceptable providing that where children may play and otherwise come
into contact with discharges a wire cage or similar guard is positioned to prevent contact, whilst
maintaining visibility.
iii. discharges at high level; eg: into a metal hopper and metal down pipe with the end of the discharge pipe
clearly visible (tundish visible or not) or onto a roof capable of withstanding high temperature
discharges of water and 3m from any plastics guttering system that would collect such discharges
(tundish visible).
iv. where a single pipe serves a number of discharges, such as in blocks of flats, the number served
should be limited to not more than 6 systems so that any installation discharging can be traced
reasonably easily. The single common discharge pipe should be at least one pipe size larger than the last
individual discharge pipe (D2) to be connected. If unvented hot water storage systems are installed
where discharges from safety devices may not be apparent ie: in dwellings occupied by blind, infirm or
disabled people, consideration should be given to the installation of an electronically operated device
to warn when discharge takes place.
Note: The discharge will consist of scalding water and steam. Asphalt, roofing felt and non-metallic rain
water goods may be damaged by such discharges.
13
GEMINI HSC
10.3 secondary
circulation
It is recommended that long dead legs are avoided and that a secondary circulation system is installed
as shown in figures 3 - 6.
If the installation is unvented then the following information regarding system water capacity is of the
utmost importance. If the specific installation has a water capacity greater than can be accommodated by
the (standard) expansion vessel supplied with the water heater, then additional expansion vessels must be
installed. Contact MHS Boilers Ltd for advice and guidance on selection of additional expansion vessel/s.
Model
Standard Expansion
Vessel Size
Max allowable system
content with standard
expansion vessel
Max allowable pipework
length with standard
expansion vessel
60i
12 litre
200 litre
227m of 28mm Tube
100i
12 litre
200 litre
162m of 28mm Tube
150i
12 litre
200 litre
81m of 28mm Tube
200i
18 litre
250 litre
81m of 28mm Tube
300i
25 litre
415 litre
186m of 28mm Tube
500i
40 litre
665 litre
267m of 28mm Tube
Table 1
Sizing of copper discharge pipe "D2"
for common valve outlet sizes
Valve
Outlet
Size
Minimum Size
of Discharge
Pipe D1*
G 3/4
22mm
Maximum Resistance
Allowed, Expressed
as a Length of Pipe
(ie. No Elbow or Bends)
Resistance Created
by Each Elbow
or Bend
28mm
Up to 9m
1.0m
35mm
Up to 18m
1.4m
42mm
Up to 27m
1.7m
Minimum Size of
Discharge Pipe D2*
From Tundish
Worked Example
The example below is G 3/4 Temperature and Pressure Relief valve with a discharge pipe (D2) having
4 no. elbows and length of 7m from the Tundish to the point of discharge.
From Table 1
• Maximum resistance allowed for a straight length of 28mm copper discharge pipe (D2) from G3/4 T&P
valve is 9m.
• Subtract the resistance for 4 no. 28mm elbows at 1.0m each = 4.0m.
• Therefore the maximum permitted length equates to 5.0m.
• As 5.0m is less than the actual length of 7m therefore calculate the next largest size.
• Maximum resistance allowed for a straight length of 35mm pipe (D2) from G 3/4 T&P valve equates
to: 18m.
• Subtract the resistance for 4 no. 35mm elbow at 1.4m each = 5.6m
• Therefore the maximum permitted length equates to: 12.4m
• As the actual length is 7m, a 35mm (D2) copper pipe will be satisfactory.
14
GEMINI HSC
11.0 horizontal
installation
All models are suitable for horizontal installation with models 60-i, 100-i & 150-i being supplied
complete with wall hanging brackets. Details for wall mounting shown below. Horizontal application of
models 200-i, 300-i & 500-i requires suitable cradles to be fabricated by the installer.
Important Note
Any Gemini HSC
calorifier that is installed
in the horizontal plane
MUST
only
be
connected to an open
vented system. It is not
permitted to install a
horizontally mounted
unit to an unvented hot
water system.
R
S
R
P
O
Fig 8.
Model
R
S
O
P
60 - i
231
287
200
248
100 - i
287
580
200
248
150 - i
262
458
270
326
When installing a Gemini calorifier in a horizontal plane it is necessary to reverse the cold inlet and hot
outlet secondary connections.
right hand horizontal installation
AAV
Primary Flow
Hot Draw off
Control
Panel
Recirculation
Cold Feed
When making a horizontal installation (r/h or
l/h) the control panel must always face to the side
and primary flow and return connections must
always be at top dead centre and bottom dead
centre respectively.
Primary Return
left hand horizontal installation
AAV
Primary Flow
Hot Draw off
Recirculation
Control
Panel
Cold Feed
Primary Return
Important Note
Where a left hand horizontal installation is to be
made, then the removable inspection plate carrying
the secondary connections must be rotated
through 180° from its original position so that the
connection marked cold water inlet is at the top.
The hot water outlet must then be connected
to the top connection and the cold feed to the
bottom connection.
Where an electric immersion heater is to be
used on a L/H installation then a L/H immersion
heater must be ordered (to special order).
15
GEMINI HSC
12.0 control
panel
A
C
D
B
E
A
Control Panel Fixing Point
B
Electrical Connection Terminal Rail
C
Control Panel Moulding
D
Thermometer
E
Combined Control & Limit Thermostat
F
Summer/Winter Switch
F
Summer setting gives operation via immersion
heater (optional extra) if fitted.
Fig 9.
13.0 wiring
detail
electrical connection detail all models
3 ~ 415V
L1 L2 L3
Primary Divertor
Valve (as required)
K
M2
2 Port Spring Return
Motorised Valve
(unvented system)
N
Cl
os
e
Supply
230V
1 Phase
M2
M1
G
H
I
O
pe
n
M1
Primary Pump
(as required)
K
C
L
N
3
R2
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13 14
15
R
1
A
2
B
3
6
5
4
TL ~
3
7
2
1
8
4
23
6
1
5
Re
Fig 10.
TL ~ -
-
16
Combined
Control &
Limit thermostat
Re
-
Relay
R/R2 -
Immersion Heater
Summer/Winter
(Immersion Htr/Boiler)
Switch
C
-
Terminal Rail
K
-
3phase Contactor By others.
Important Note
Any auxillary component connected to the
calorifier (eg. motorised valve or pump) will need to
be fuse protected as appropriate when the
electrical supply into the calorifier is fuse rated for
immersion heater usage.
GEMINI HSC
14.0 electrical
connection
1
3
2
2
Fig 11.
to make electrical connections
Remove 4 no. fixing screws (1) retaining control panel (2).
Carefully rotate control panel (2) to expose electrical connection terminal rail (3). See Fig.11.
9
4
6
6
5
3
8
7
Fig 12.
Carefully cut out cable entry aperture (5) on calorifier top cover (4).
Lift up top cover (4), removing first the cleaning access cover panel (9).
Route appropriately sized cables (multi strand flex only) (6) through aperture (5), through cable clamp (8)
and guide cables carefully down through cable tube (7) to terminate at the control panel rear.
Make necessary electrical connections to terminal rail (3) See fig.12.
(see also electrical connection diagram fig.10)
Refit control panel (2) to calorifier using screws (1). Ensure cables (6) are routed correctly with sufficient
slack to allow future easy access to rear of control panel (2) and securely retain cables under clamp (8).
Refit top cover (4) and cleaning access cover panel (9).
17
GEMINI HSC
15.0 water
connections
primary water connections
Primary flow and return connections should be made to the calorifier using appropriate sized fittings
with a male BSP component that allows for disconnection of the unit. Care must be taken to ensure that
connections are watertight to avoid unseen leakage and external corrosion damage to the exterior tank and
to avoid water entry into electrical components.
secondary water connections
All of the secondary connections are located on the top of the unit and are male BSP threaded stainless
steel.* Connections should be made via fittings that do not allow galvanic corrosion between the calorifier
and the system pipework.
Connections to the unit must allow for complete disconnection and removal of local pipework in order
that the removal of the inspection access port cover is not impeded.
* Models 200-i, 300-i and 500-i when being installed on a vented system are supplied with 2no.
11/2" x 1” BSP FF reducing sockets which then creates 11/2" BSP female cold feed and hot draw
off connections.
16.0 filling the water heater/
commissioning the water system
It is important to ensure that all pipework is flushed to avoid the damage that foreign particles could
do to control valves, this is particularly important where the installation is unvented.
1. Ensure the calorifier is correctly connected to the primary and secondary circuits.
2. The secondary (domestic) inner tank must be filled first.
3. Open all outlet taps.
4. Turn on water supply and allow the calorifier to fill.
5. Close taps in turn after having purged the system of air.
6. Check for water leaks around the appliance and in particular around any valves or controls.
Check again when the appliance is hot.
7. Check that no water is passing to waste through any relief valves.
8. Test the operation of any temperature and pressure relief and expansion valves by lifting/turning
the manually operated test lever/cap and observing that water flows freely and safely to waste.
9. Check that the discharge pipe is installed so that it falls continuously and that no taps, valves or
other shut off devices are installed in the pipe.
18
GEMINI HSC
16.0 filling the water heater etc. (contd)
10. Fill the primary side (outer tank) and ensure correct and proper venting via the primary air (manual) air
vent located adjacent to the primary flow in connection.
Note: failure to properly vent the primary side of the calorifier will result in
circulation noise and poor performance of the unit.
IMPORTANT OBSERVATIONS
Failure to observe the correct sequence of filling (ie. domestic first) may lead to irrepairable damage
to the calorifier.
11. Demonstrate operation to the user including the purpose and operation of any temperature and
pressure relief valve or expansion valve and what to do if these valves should self operate.
12. Hand over this manual to the user for future reference and advise that periodic checks of the
equipment are essential for safety. Advise that any expansion vessel in an unvented application may
need to be recharged periodically by the installer.
17.0 unvented
system controls
Periodic checks must include:
a) Check and clean the line strainer.
b) Check pressure in expansion vessel and top up as necessary. Must be set 3.5 bar. Check should be
carried out with expansion vessel drained of water to avoid that you cross-read system water pressure.
c) Check manually by lifting the test lever on the temperature and pressure relief valve.
d) Check manually by turning the test knob on the expansion relief valve.
e) Check discharge pipes from both relief valves to ensure no obstructions.
19
GEMINI HSC
18.0 optional
immersion heaters
Each Gemini HSC Calorifier can be fitted with an optional immersion heater. The heater element is
installed into the primary tank underneath the domestic stainless steel vessel. This ensures thorough heatup of the domestic water and avoids scale build up on the element. The immersion heater will provide a
nominal supply of hot water during boiler shutdown.
Model
Immersion Heater
Rating kW
Recovery Time
∆t 50°C
60 - i
1.5
3.0 hrs
100 - i
2.2
3.5 hrs
150 - i
2.2
5.2 hrs
200 - i
2.5
6.0 hrs
300 - i
2.5
8.7 hrs
500 - i
2.5
14.0 hrs
19.0 use of electric
immersion heater
1. Ensure that the electrical connections have been correctly made and that the supply is of adequate
rating and adequate fuse protection.
2. Ensure that the secondary and primary systems have been filled correctly, see section 16.
Note: Failure to fill the primary side (outer tank) will result in “burn out” of the
immersion heater element as it is located in the primary water space.
3. Set the control thermostat to the required setting.
4. Set the summer/winter switch to the summer position.
5. Turn on external electricity supply isolator.
20.0 draining
the calorifier
If it is required to drain the secondary (domestic) water from the calorifier then
the following procedure must be followed to avoid damage to the unit.
1. Isolate and drain the primary side ensuring the manual primary air vent (located adjacent to the primary
flow in connection) is opened whilst draining.
2. Isolate the domestic cold feed and open the hot draw off to atmosphere.
3. Open the low level drain leg drain cock (by installer) and the inner tank will self siphon drain.
4. For refilling, close drain cocks and vents etc and follow procedure in section 16.
20
GEMINI HSC
21.0 immersion heater
replacement
Fig 13.
In order to replace the electric immersion heater it is necessary to drain the
primary side only, see section 20.1.
1. Electrically isolate the calorifier.
2. Remove immersion heater cover panel models 200-i, 300-i and 500-i or control panel
models 60-i, 100-i and 150-i.
3. Disconnect electrical connections from immersion heater (note: some models have additional manual
reset high limit stat - not shown).
4. Remove fixing bolts from circumference of immersion heater carrier plate and retain bolts for re-use.
5. Remove immersion heater by withdrawing to the front and then to the side.
6. Remove and discard gasket.
7. Insert new immersion heater complete with new gasket.
8. Secure immersion heater by tightening bolts evenly using opposite-opposite sequence.
9. Refill and vent primary side - see 16.10 and ensure water tightness.
10. Reconnect electrical connections and refit cover/control panel.
21
GEMINI HSC
22.0 internal inspection
(secondary)
The Gemini HSC i range of calorifiers
is designed to allow internal
inspection/cleaning access.
Fig 14.
10
Fig 15.
11
4
Fig 16.
To gain access for internal inspection:
1. Isolate and drain the calorifier as described on in section 20.
2. Disconnect all secondary pipework, stripping away sections of pipework as necessary to allow full
access for removal of tube plate and dip tube assembly (10) fig.15.
3. Lift up and then move to one side the plastic top moulding (4) fig 16.
4. Carefully withdraw instrument capillaries and bulbs (11) from pocket in tube plate.
5. Remove bolts from circumference of inspection cover flange plate and lift away flange plate fig.16.
6. Carefully lift away tube plate and dip tube assembly.
7. Reassembly is reverse of the above process.
8. Refill the calorifier observing procedure described in section 16.
22
GEMINI HSC
23.0 optional 3 phase 7.5kW
Immersion heater for model 500-i
As a factory fitted option, a 7.5kW 3phase, 415V immersion heater is available to provide enhanced
electrically heated operation for the model 500i.
Note: this option is not available on models 60-i, 100-i, 150-i, 200-i or 300-i.
Immersion heater rating . . . . . . . . . . . . .7500W 3 phase 415V
Recovery time at 50°C ∆t . . . . . . . . . . .4.7hrs
24.0 to reset limit
thermostat (all models)
1. Electrically isolate the calorifier.
2. Remove control panel (see page 17 fig.11).
3. Remove thermostat knob by pulling off from control thermostat spindle.
4. Remove thermostat fixing screws and allow thermostat to move away from inside face of
control panel.
5. Press reset pin marked “S” on thermostat body (adjacent to control spindle).
6. Reassemble control panel using reverse of the above procedure.
23
GEMINI HSC
QW/11/00
A member of the Modular Heating Group Plc
35 Nobel Square, Burnt Mills Industrial Estate, Basildon, Essex SS13 1LT Tel: 01268 591010 Fax: 01268 728202
http://www.modular-heating-group.co.uk
This publication is issued subject to alteration or withdrawal without notice.
The illustrations and specifications are not binding in detail. All offers and sales are subject to the Company's current terms and conditions of sale.