Axminster BDS-612 Instruction manual

Code 501257
AS408
Belt & Disc Sander
Axminster Tool Centre,
Unit 10 Weycroft Avenue, Axminster, Devon EX13 5PH
axminster.co.uk
Index of Contents
Page No
Index of Contents
02
Declaration of Conformity
02
What’s in the Box
03-04-05
General Instructions for 230V Machines
06
Specific to Sanding Machines
07-08
Specification08
Assembly09-10-11-12-13-14-15-16
Assembly Configurations
17-18
Illustration and Parts Description
18-19-20
Sanding Configurations
21
Changing the Sanding Belt
22
Changing the Sanding Disc
23
Maintenance23
Troubleshooting24
Wiring Diagram
24
Parts Breakdown
25
Parts List
26-27
Declaration of Conformity
Copied from CE Certificate
The undersigned, George N. Sifonios authorised by
Meta International Co., Ltd No. 38-46, Ya Ya
Hsiang, Taichung Hsien, Taiwan, R.O.C. declares
that this product
manufactured by Meta International Co. is in compliance
with the following standards or standardisation
documents in accordance with Council Directives
Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC
EN ISO 12100-1:2003
EN ISO 12100-2:2003
EN 60204-1:2006
Model number (Sander)
BDS-46, BDS-48Q, WD-12, WD-20, BS-648, BDS-612, ES-689M, ES-6108, ES-689, ES-9138, CT-1560SM,
CT-2060SM, CT-2580SM, CT-1500B, BDS-615
symbols below advise that you follow the correct
Warning The
safety procedures when using this machine.
Fully read manual
and safety instructions
before use
02
Ear protection
should be worn
Eye protection
should be worn
Dust mask
should be worn
HAZARD
Motor gets hot
What’s in the Box
Model Number: BDS-48Q
Box
1 off: Belt and Disc Sander
A
1 off: Mitre Fence
B
1 off: Dust Extraction Moulding
C
1 off: Table Support Steel Rod
D
1 off: Table (Adjustable)
E
1 off: Pastic Disc Guard Moulding
F
1 off: 200mm Cast iron Disc Plate
G
1 off: Workstop Plate
H
1 off:
Sanding Belt
I
1 off:
200mm Sanding Disc
J
4 off: Rubber Feet with 5/16” Thread
K
4 off: 5/16” Nuts
K
1 off:
M5 x 50mm Phillip Screws
L
2 off: M5 x 8mm Phillip Screws
L
Bag 1
Bag 2
A
03
What’s in the Box
B
C
E
04
D
What’s in the Box
G
J
H
I
F
K
K
L
Having opened the box, remove all the components stowed in the packaging. Place these
carefully to one side. Remove the top packaging and lift the machine out of the box and place
upon a clear flat surface, taking care not to trap or pinch the power cable under the chassis.
Remove any other items from the box.
Having unpacked your sander and its various components, if you do not wish to retain the
packaging please dispose of it responsibly, especially any polystyrene; most of the rest of the
packaging is biodegradable.
!
NOTE: Please read the Instruction Manual prior to using your new machine; as well
as the operating procedures for your new machine, there are numerous hints and tips
to help you to use the machine safely and to maintain its efficiency and prolong its life.
Keep this Instruction Manual readily accessible for any others who may also be required
to use the machine.
05
General Instructions for 230V Machines
Good Working Practices/Safety
The following suggestions will enable you to observe good working practices, keep yourself and
fellow workers safe and maintain your tools and equipment in good working order.
!
WARNING!!
KEEP TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT OUT
OF THE REACH OF YOUNG CHILDREN
Mains Powered Tools (General) /Disc and Belt Sander
Primary Precautions
These machines are supplied with a moulded 13 Amp. Plug and 3 core power cable. Before using
the tool inspect the cable and the plug to make sure that neither are damaged. If any damage is
visible have the tool inspected/repaired by a suitably qualified person. If it is necessary to replace
the plug, it is preferable to use an ‘unbreakable’ type that will resist damage on site. Only use a
13 Amp plug, make sure the cable clamp is tightened securely. Fuse at 13 Amp. It is also good
practice to use switched outlets. If extension leads are to be used, carry out the same safety
checks on them, and ensure that they are correctly rated to safely supply the current that is
required for your machine.
This machine is intended primarily for inside/workshop usage.
Work Place/Environment
Always mount the machine on a flat, level stable surface. There are several methods of achieving
this, bolting the machine directly to a ‘good solid workbench’, bolting the machine to a sturdy
base board that can be clamped to the ‘good solid workbench’; create an independent entity by
bolting the machine to its own stand. However you mount your machine, make sure it is fastened
down and stable before use.
Paper belts and discs do not respond well to wet or damp conditions. In the worst case the
adhesives holding the belt and the abrasive fail completely, the belts fall apart and the abrasive
becomes a soggy mess against the edge of your work piece.
Try to keep the machine in a reasonably dry, warm environment. If this is not possible; or if the
machine is to remain unused for some time, at least remove the belt, put in a ‘plastic’ bag and
store in a warm dry place. I’m afraid I can offer no suggestions for the disc, unless you have
upgraded to some form of ‘velcro’. fastening method, in which case, do the same as with the
belt. (P.S. don’t forget… don’t leave the spare belts/discs in the damp either).
Keep the work area as uncluttered as is practical, this includes personnel as well as
material.
!
06
WARNING!!
Under no circumstances should
CHILDREN be allowed in work areas
Specific to Sanding Machines
!
Warning! The sanding disc cannot be declutched
from the belt and vice versa, both functions are
active when the machine is running. Remember this,
and do not leave loose objects of any description,
on the machine if it is going to be used.
Once the sander is mounted, carry out any setting operations, (mitre, tilt..), and remove all tools
used in the setting operations (if any) and place safely out of the way. If you are working long
lengths of material arrange for extra support beyond the boundary of the machine, and check you
have sufficient room to manoeuvre the material through all the operations you will wish to carry
out.
It is good practice to leave the machine unplugged until work is about to commence, also make
sure to unplug the machine when it is not in use. Always disconnect by pulling on the plug body
and not the cable.
After fitting a new sanding disc, it is good practice to lightly sand across the left side of the
disc with a reasonable sized (20mm x 50mm) piece of timber to make sure the sanding disc is
correctly ‘seated’ on the disc. The sanding action will press the sanding disc firmly back against
the disc itself.
It is not good practice to wear gloves whilst sanding as one tends to lose the ‘feel’ of the
workpiece/sander contact, but obviously this removes the safety barrier between your fingers
and the sanding surface. Remain focused and exercise caution whilst sanding.
DO NOT sand very small pieces of work with bare hands; try to construct some form of holder.
Make sure you are comfortable before you start work, balanced, not reaching etc.
If the work you are carrying out is liable to generate excessive grit or dust or chips, wear the
appropriate safety clothing, goggles, masks etc., If the work operation appears to be excessively
noisy, wear ear-defenders. If you wear your hair in a long style, wearing a cap, safety helmet,
hairnet, even a sweatband, will minimise the possibility of your hair being caught up in the
rotating parts of the machine, likewise, consideration should be given to the removal of rings and
wristwatches, if these are liable to be a ‘snag’ hazard.
Do not work with cutting/abrasive tools of any description if you are tired, your attention is
wandering or you are being subjected to distraction. A deep graze, a lost fingertip or worse, is
not worth it!
Do not use the machine within the designated safety areas of flammable liquid stores or in
areas where there may be volatile gases. There are very expensive, very specialised machines for
working in these areas, THIS IS NOT ONE OF THEM.
Check that sanding surfaces are still sufficiently abrasive to carry out the work you intend.
Sanding belt cleaning sticks are an efficient method of prolonging the life of the belts and discs,
and will also maintain their operating performance.
07
Specific to Sanding Machines
Check that the belts or discs are undamaged; torn edges can pick up on the workpiece and will
cause the medium to tear, often very rapidly with accompanying sharp flapping edges.
Always offer the workpiece to the belt/disc so that the motion carries the work against the
restraining surface, (i.e. the work stop or the table, (use the left hand side of the disc).
Do not press too heavily against the sanding surface, all this will do is slow the sander down.
Remember, sanders work by removing small particles of material quickly and heavy pressure
works adversely to the cutting process, further, it will accelerate the rate of ‘clogging’ of the
abrasive surfaces, rendering the machine less efficient.
If you are attempting to sand inside curves (over the ‘tracking drum’) do not press at all, other
than to keep the workpiece in contact with the surface, any pressure could upset the tracking
geometry. As there is no cushioning effect to the belt passing around the drum, expect an added
vibration and compensate for it.
Sanding of certain types of timber may make the fitting of dust extraction mandatory in order
to comply with the directives of the HSE. However, even if it is not mandatory, it is strongly
recommended that you consider fitting dust extraction. It will certainly reduce the level of dust
and grit, and as it helps to remove the waste quicker will certainly prolong the longevity of the
abrasive.
Above all, OBSERVE…. make sure you know what is happening around you, and USE YOUR
COMMON SENSE.
Specification
ModelAS408
Product Code
501257
RatingHobby
Power250W
Belt Speed
520m/min
Belt Size
100 x 915mm
Diameter of Disc
200mm
Table Size Disc
220 x 150mm
Dust Extraction Outlet
35mm
Overall L x W x H
500 x 440 x 370mm
Weight18kg
08
Assembly
In order to reduce the footprint of the machine for packaging, several items are dismounted from
the machine and need to be re-affixed.
Step 1
Drive Belt Assembly
Fig 2
Fig 1
a
Loosen the two nuts (a) clamping the
linisher, using a 13mm spanner.
Raise the linisher to the upright position,
re-tighten the two nuts (a).
Fig 4
Fig 3
b
Nut
Loosen the phillips screw beneath the
linisher, allowing the motor assembly to
move freely.
Fig 5
Locate the drive belt (b) and slot the belt
over both pulleys. Note: You my need
to turn each pulley to fit the belt.
Fig 6
Hold the drive belt and turn the phillips screw clockwise to push the motor down, thus putting
tension on the drive belt. Note: make sure there is sufficient tension otherwise the belt
will slip and you will have no drive. When you are satisfied screw the nut down
(see fig 3), so it is flush against the casting to prevent the phillips screw from moving.
09
Assembly
Step 2
Rubber Feet Assembly
Fig 7
Fig 8
K
Locate the four rubber feet and 5/16”­­­­nuts (K), screw one nut onto the threaded foot. Screw the
foot into one of the four pre-drilled holes in each corner of the casting, repeat for the remaining
feet. Stand the belt and disc sander up-right on a flat surface and adjust the feet until the sander
is level. Tighten the nuts to lock the feet in place. (See figs 7 and 8)
Step 3
Sanding Belt Assembly
With the linisher in up-right position undo the two phillips screws and remove the linisher’s dust
deflector (a), place safely aside. (See fig 9) Remove the linishers back guard by undoing the two
phillips screws (b) (See fig 10).
Fig 9
Fig 10
b
a
­ ull the tensioning lever “UP”, locate the sanding belt (I) and slide it onto the linisher. (See fig
P
11). Re-tension the belt by pushing the tension lever “DOWN” (see fig 12),
Fig 11
Fig 12
I
10
Assembly
Tracking the Belt
NOTE1: All directions are given from the view point of the operator standing behind the drive
drum end looking down the length of the machine. The tracking control works as follows:- turning
the tracking adjuster clockwise will track the belt to the right, anti-clockwise will track the belt to
the left.
Fig 13
Fig 14
!
DO NOT make large adjustments, and remember the belt may take
some time to react to your alteration. Little by little is a good maxim to
observe when carrying out tracking operations.
NOTE2:­­ Using your hand, roll the belt towards the drive drum end, check that the belt stays in
the middle of the table, if not, adjust the track control slightly, and move the belt again, continue
until the belt runs down the centre of the linishing table (See figs 13 and 14).
NOTE: You can wear a glove if you wish, to stop the abrasive on the belt cutting your
skin.
Replace the linishers back guard and lower the linisher and clamp in place.
Step 4
Workstop Plate Assembly
Locate the workstop plate (H), remove the M10 bolt and spring washer using a 14mm spanner
(See fig 15). Mount the workstop plate over the linisher, secure using the M10 nut and spring
washer (See fig 15). Using a 90˚ square check that the workstop plate (H) is perpendicular to the
linisher (See fig 16), and make adjustments accordantly.
Fig 15
M10 bolt and Spring washer
Fig 16
H
H
90˚ Degree square
11
Assembly
Step 5
Sanding Disc and Table Assembly
Using an abrasive pad, clean the disc drive shaft in readiness for fitting the 200mm cast
iron disc (G) (See fig 17). Remove the philips screw from the casting as shown in fig 18 and
place safely aside, locate the plastic disc guard moulding (F) and M5 x 50mm phillips screw
(L). Slide the guard moulding (F) over the drive shaft and line the pre-drilled hole in the
guard with the hole in the casting (See fig 19). Note: Make sure plastic cylinder to the
back of the guard slots into the machined hole in the casting (See fig 17). insert the
M5 x 50mm phillips screw and lightly tighten (See fig 20).
Fig 17
Fig 18
Phillips screw
Fig 19
Machined hole
Fig 20
F
L
Fig 21
Phillips screw
J
Fig 22
G
Find the phillips screw you removed earlier, see fig 18 and slot it through the pre-drilled hole to
the rear of the guard moulding (F) and screw it into the casting (See fig 21). Tighten the M5 x
50mm phillips screw (L) DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN. ­Locate the 200mm cast iron disc (G) and
200mm sanding disc (J), peel the cover from the adhesive surface and apply CAREFULLY to the
flat surface of the cast iron disc (G) (See fig 22). Use a piece of cloth in your hand or wear
a glove, to firmly press the abrasive to the disc, it will be reinforced by a gentle sanding
action across the face when you first use the new sanding disc.
12
Assembly
Slide cast iron disc (G) onto the drive shaft, making sure that the clamping screw lines up with
the hole pre-drilled at the top guard moulding (F). Slide a phillips screwdriver down the hole and
tighten the screw, clamping the disc to the shaft (See figs 23,24 and 25).
Fig 23
Pre-drilled hole
F
Fig 24
G
Fig 25
Slide a phillips
screwdriver
down the hole
and tighten the
screw to clamp
the disc.
Phillips screw
C
Fig 26
F
Locate the dust extraction moulding (C), line up the pre-drilled holes with the holes in the guard
moulding (F), push the extraction moulding (C) up against the guard moulding (F), so it clips to
the guard. Put to hand the two M5 x 8mm phillips screws, finger tighten lightly into the holes and
using a phillips screwdriver tighten the screws. DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN (See figs 26,27 and 28)
Fig 27
Fig 28
C
13
Assembly
Locate the table support rod (D) loosen the bolt to the left side of the sanding disc, insert the
table support rod (D) and tighten the bolt using a 13mm spanner (See fig 29). Locate the table
(E), Offer up the machined hole to the base of the table (E) to the support rod (D) slide it onto
the support rod so the edge of the table is just clear of the sanding disc (J), place a level on the
table, adjust until the table is level. Clamp the table using the lower lift and shift handle (b) (See
figs 30,31 and 32).­
Fig 29
J
Fig 30
E
13mm
Spanner
Pointer
D
Fig 31
Fig 32
a
b
Make sure the bubble is
between the black lines.
Upper lift and shift handle (a)
Lower lift and shift handle (b)
Fig 33
Fig 34
J
E
Place a 90˚ square on the table and check that the table is perpendicular to disc
Place a 90˚ square up against the sanding disc (J) and check that the table (E) is perpendicular
to the disc (See figs 33 and 34). If it requires adjustment loosen the upper lift and shift handle (a),
see fig 32 until correct and re-tighten.
14
NOTE: Check that the pointer is reading ZERO on the scale. If not undo the phillips
screw and adjust until correct, re-tighten the screw (See fig 32).
Assembly
Fig 35
Fig 36
Locate the mitre fence (B) and slide it into the table’s ‘T’ slot (E) (See figs 35 and 36). Place a
90˚ degree square against the mitre fence (B) and check that the table is perpendicular to disc.
Your belt and disc sander is now assembled, go round and check that all fixings are
secure before operating the machine.
!
CONNECT THE SANDER TO THE MAINS SUPPLY
Remove all tools away for the machine, switch on, wait until the machine has reached full
speed and check that the belt is tracking properly. If not switch off, wait for the machine to
come to a complete stop disconnect the sander and go to page 10 for “Tracking the Belt”.
Reconnect, switch on and check again. If everything is fine, switch off and wait until the
machine has come to a complete stop.
!
Step 6
DISCONNECT THE SANDER FROM THE MAINS SUPPLY
Dust Extraction Assembly
The dust extraction moulding (C) has a 35mm outlet, insert a jubilee clip over the hose and insert
it over the outlet and clamp in place. Alternately if you have a vacuum cleaner with the same
diameter holes insert it over the outlet as before, it should be a snug fit (See figs 37 and 38).
Fig 38
Fig 37
Vacuum hose
C
Offer up your extraction hose to the 35mm outlet and slot it into place
15
Assembly Configurations
Option 1
Table to Linisher Assembly
The table (E) can be repositioned to be used when the linisher is raised in the up-right position,
see instruction below.
Fig 39
Fig 40
H
Clamping nuts
Loosen the linisher’s clamping nuts, see fig 39, remove the workstop plate (H), see fig 40 (refer
to step 4) raise the linisher and clamp in place. Loosen the bolt to the side of the sander, insert
the table support rod (D) into the machined hole and tighten using a 14mm spanner (See figs 40
and 41). Slide the table (H) onto the rod as described on page 13 and tighten using the lower lift
and shift handle (b) (See fig 32).
Fig 41
Fig 42
D
E
Place a 90˚ degree square on the table and check that the table (E) is perpendicular to the belt
(See fig 42). If it requires adjustment, loosen the upper lift and shift handle (a), see fig 32
until correct. Re-tighten the lift and shift handle (a).
16
Assembly Configurations
Option 2
Workstop Plate Linisher Assembly
The workstop plate (H) can be used as a miniature table when the linisher is in the up-right
position, see instruction below.
Fig 43
Fig 44
H
Removing
a
Remove the workstop plate (H), see fig 43 (refer to step 4) and raise the linisher as before.
Remove the dust deflector (a) by removing the two phillips screws and place safely aside (See
figs 44 and 45). Put to hand the workstop plate (H) you removed earlier, offer up bracket, see fig
43, to the threaded hole in the linisher and clamp in place using the M10 bolt, spring washer and
14mm spanner (See fig 46).
Fig 45
a
Fig 46
90˚ degree
square
H
Place a 90˚ degree square onto the workstop plate (H) and check it is perpendicular to the belt.
If it requires adjustment, loosen the M10 bolt and adjust until correct, re-tighten the bolt. (See fig
46)
17
Illustration and Parts Description
G
Fig 47
H
Tensioning lever
I
J
Tracking
adjuster
K
E
C
A
F
Pointer
B
NVR On/Off switch
Scale
D
A AS408 Belt and Disc Sander
G 200mm Cast Iron Disc Plate
B Mitre Fence
H Workstop Plate
C Dust Extraction Moulding
I Sanding Belt
D Table Support Steel Rod
J 200mm Sanding Disc
E Table
K Rubber Feet
F Plastic Disc Guard Moulding
18
Pointer
Illustration and Parts Description
I
Fig 48
Linisher
H
F
B
Linisher’s
back guard
A
D
Motor
Motor guard
Dust deflector
K
Spanners
Linisher’s back guard dust deflector plate
Loosen the two phillips screws and pull the deflector plate down and tighten the screws.
19
Illustration and Parts Description
Fig 49
Configuration 1
Table to Linisher
Fig 50
Configuration 2
Workstop Plate used
as miniature table
20
Sanding Configurations­
Fig 54
Fig 51
Surface Sanding
Fig 52
Belt Sanding
Fig 55
Curve Sanding
Fig 53
Bevel Sanding
Disc Sanding
21
Changing the Sanding Belt
!
DISCONNECT THE SANDER FROM THE MAINS SUPPLY
Raise the linisher to the upright position by loosening the two clamping nuts, see figs 1 and 39
and secure in position. refer to (STEP 3 Sanding Belt Assembly), to remove the belt.
Inspect the new belt, ensure that there are no tears or rips (especially along the edges), check
the direction arrows on the inner surface of the belt and fit accordingly. (The direction of the
arrows should point to the drive drum end of the machine).
Note: If you are using an old belt, and the arrow marking has worn off, check the direction of
travel (see diagram below.)
Direction of travel
Belt overlay
Belt underlay
Glue Joint
refer to (STEP 3 Sanding Belt Assembly), to replace the belt.
Tracking the belt
NOTE1: All directions are given from the view point of the operator standing behind the drive
drum end looking down the length of the machine. The tracking control works as follows:- turning
the tracking adjuster clockwise will track the belt to the right, anti-clockwise will track the belt to
the left.
!
DO NOT make large adjustments, and remember the belt may take
some time to react to your alteration. Little by little is a good maxim to
observe when carrying out tracking operations.
NOTE2:­­ Using your hand, roll the belt towards the drive drum end, check that the belt stays in
the middle of the table, if not adjust the track control slightly, and move the belt again, continue
until the belt runs down the centre of the linishing table (See figs 13 and 14).
NOTE: You can wear a glove if you wish, to stop the abrasive on the belt cutting your
skin.
Replace the linishers back guard, described in (STEP 3 Sanding Belt Assembly), lower the
linisher and clamp in place.
22
Changing the Sanding Disc
!
DISCONNECT THE SANDER FROM THE MAINS SUPPLY
Lift the edge of the disc and, gripping firmly, peel the disc away from the plate; turning the plate
as required to free the entire disc.
Remove and throw away. If you have been extremely fortunate all the adhesive will have been
removed with the disc. As this is rarely the case, be prepared to rub, scrape, pick etc., to remove
all the odd patches of adhesive and render the plate CLEAN. Fit the new sanding disc as detailed
in “STEP 5 Sanding Disc and Table Assembly”.
Maintenance
!
DISCONNECT THE SANDER FROM THE MAINS SUPPLY
There is very little mechanical maintenance that can be carried out on the machine. Most prudent
maintenance is preventative and concerned with keeping the machine clean.
­­­
1. Remove the belt and check there is no dust or resin build up on the drums or at the edges of
the platen.
2. At reasonable intervals, turn the sander on it side to inspect and remove all dust/resin build
ups, and blow the motor clean (See fig 56).
3. Remove the dust extraction moulding (C) and the workstop plate (H), remove any dust or resin
build up and clean them thoroughly to allow the dust to travel over their surfaces smoothly.
4. Remove the table (E), the disc plate (G) and plastic disc guard moulding (F). Check the
condition of the drive belt (a) is not frayed, worn or loose (See fig 57). Replace all guards and
covers, etc., Reconnect to the supply and start up the machine, check that nothing has
disturbed the tracking.
Fig 56
Fig 57
a
Remove any dust/resin build ups,
and blow the motor clean
Check the condition of the drive
belt is not frayed, worn or loose
23
Troubleshooting
PROBLEM
Motor will not run.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
REMEDY
1. Defective or broken
1-3. Replace all broken or “ON -OFF” switch.
defective parts before using 2. Defective or damaged the sander.
switch cord.
3. Defective or damaged switch relay.
4. Burned out motor.
4. Contact Axminster Tool Centre on 0800
371822 and asked to be transferred to 5. Blown fuse.
the“Technical Sales”
department.
Machine slows down while 1. Applying to much pressure 1. Apply less pressure to sanding.
to workpiece.
sanding surface.
Sanding belt runs off pulleys. 1. Belt NOT tracking properly. 1. Adjust tracking (See page 21) on how to track the belt.
Wood burns while sanding.
1. Sanding disc or belt is 1. Replace the disc or belt.
worn.
2. Excessive pressure being 2. Reduce pressure being applied to workpiece.
applied to workpiece.
Wiring Diagram
24
Parts Breakdown
25
Parts List
26
Parts List
27
Please dispose of packaging for the product in a responsible manner. It is suitable for recycling.
Help to protect the environment, take the packaging to the local recycling centre and place into the
appropriate recycling bin.
Only for EU countries
Do not dispose of electric tools together with household waste material. In observance
of European Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment and its
implementation in accordance with national law, electric tools that have reached the end of
their life must be collected separately and returned to an environmentally compatible recycling
facility.