Dell PowerEdge PDU Metered LCD User manual

Power Distribution Unit
User Manual
Copyright © 2010 by Cyber Switching, Inc. All Rights Reserved – Revision 1.1
November, 2010
Proprietary Notice
The material contained herein consists of information that is the property of Cyber
Switching, Inc., and intended solely for customer use in operating the system (ePower)
described in this guide. All specifications are subject to change without notice. Changes
are made periodically to the information in this publication, and these changes will be
incorporated in new editions.
Cyber Switching prohibits the duplication of any portion of this guide or the use thereof
for any purpose other than the operation of the product (ePower) described in this guide,
without the express written permission of Cyber Switching.
Cyber Switching retains the patent rights to any and all processes and inventions developed
during the course of performing work for the customer, unless specifically identified to the
contrary in advance by the customer. The fact that this document may include a copyright
notice does not in any way affect the proprietary status of this guide.
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Cyber Switching, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Trademarks
Cyber Switching, the Cyber Switching logo, and Cyber Breaker are registered trademarks,
and ePower and Virtual Circuit Breaker are trademarks, of Cyber Switching, Inc.
Microsoft and Windows are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Cisco and Catalyst are registered trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc.
All other brand or product names referenced in this guide are trademarks, registered
trademarks, or service marks of their respective holders.
Cyber Switching, Inc.
2050 Ringwood Avenue
San Jose, CA 95131 USA
Telephone
1 (888) 311-6277
1 (408) 436-9830
Fax
1 (408) 436-9828
Email
support@cyberswitching.com
Web site
www.cyberswitching.com
Visit the Cyber Switching Web site at www.cyberswitching.com/warranty.html to register
your product and activate your warranty.
Document Part Number: 1013172
Revision 1.1
November, 2010
Document Use
This document contains information that is proprietary to Cyber Switching, Inc. The
original recipient of this document may duplicate this document in whole or in part for
internal business purposes only, provided that this entire notice appears in all copies.
In duplicating any part of this document, the recipient agrees to make every reasonable
effort to prevent the unauthorized use and distribution of the proprietary information.
This document is for information and instruction purposes. Cyber Switching reserves the
right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this publication
without prior notice, and the reader should, in all cases, consult Cyber Switching to
determine whether any changes have been made.
The terms and conditions governing the sale and licensing of Cyber Switching products
are set forth in written agreements between Cyber Switching and its customers.
No representation or other affirmation of fact contained in this publication shall be
deemed to be a warranty or give rise to any liability of Cyber Switching whatsoever.
CYBER SWITCHING MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND WITH REGARD TO THIS
MATERIAL INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
CYBER SWITCHING SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, LOST PROFITS) ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THIS
PUBLICATION OR THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN IT, EVEN IF CYBER
SWITCHING, INC., HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Radio Frequency Interference
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference and
(2) this device will accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
This Class “A” digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interface
Causing Equipment Regulations. (Cet appareil numérique de la classe “A” respecte
toutes les exigencies du réglement sur le materiel brouilleur du Canada.)
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Contents
Chapter 1
Hardware Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Key Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compatible Browsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-232 Serial Port Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 2
1
3
5
5
6
6
6
7
8
Installing the ePower PDU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Installing the ePower Hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Mounting the ePower PDU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Configuring the Initial ePower Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Initially Configuring the RS-232 Serial Port to Use the CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Configuring the Ethernet Port Using the LCD Touch Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Configuring the Ethernet Port Using the CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Chapter 3
Using the ePower Web Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Connecting to the Web Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Web Page Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Banks and Outlets Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input Loading Pane. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recent Logs Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Contents
Setup Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Date & Time Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Users Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Proxy Tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interfaces Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info Tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
36
37
38
38
38
39
40
40
40
41
Chapter 4
Using the Command Line Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Chapter 5
Using the LCD Touch Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Basic Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Screen Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Info Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Settings Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set as Home Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alerts Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lock Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 6
Configuring Cyber Breaker the Virtual Circuit Breaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Theory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trip Delay Curve Equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 7
56
57
58
60
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
General Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restoring Factory Default Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting a Tripped Outlet (Virtual Circuit Breaker) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resetting the ePower PDU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vi
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46
47
48
49
50
51
52
63
67
68
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Contents
Appendix A CLI Command Reference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Syntax. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Verb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Target . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Verb Descriptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
cd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
commit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
help. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ePower CLI Managed Elements Hierarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
71
72
72
73
74
74
75
77
78
79
81
82
83
87
88
Appendix B LCD Network Configuration Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Appendix C Cisco EnergyWise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Integration with ePower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Appendix D Open Source Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
GNU Public License v2.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
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Contents
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ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
1
Hardware Overview
Key Features
The ePower™ power distribution unit (PDU) provides a complete data
center and building infrastructure power management solution.
A full-color LCD touch screen allows onsite personnel to view and manage
crucial status information including load details, input line use, and
system status. Detailed, real-time power information is always available
to information technology (IT) and facilities managers. Lastly, using the
touch screen, the entire unit can be locally configured, without the use
of a computer.
ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
1
Chapter 1 – Hardware Overview
The ePower PDU provides power information specific to each individual
outlet, billing-grade metering, and information for load balancing and
build-outs. The ePower load shedding features reduce total energy usage,
while still protecting mission-critical applications.
• Color LCD touch screen
– Interactive screen allows for local management
– Network access configuration can be completed within five minutes,
without a computer connection
• Cyber Breaker® the Virtual Circuit Breaker™
– “Trips” an individual outlet when the amperage exceeds
a user-defined threshold trip curve
– Limits overcurrent conditions to a single outlet,
protecting equipment
– Faster circuit breaker response times
• Individual outlet metering and control
– Billing-grade metering (±2% accuracy)
– Usage tracking
• Two high-speed USB ports, with support of up to 127 simultaneous
peripherals, such as environmental sensors, webcams, and hubs
• UL 489A listed circuit breakers (model-dependent)
2
ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
Chapter 1 – Hardware Overview
Hardware Configuration
The specific configuration of AC receptacles and bank circuit breakers is
dependent on the ePower model purchased. The main ePower components
and interfaces are shown in Figure 1-1, Figure 1-2, and Figure 1-3.
Figure 1-1
Communication Ports, LCD Touch Screen,
and Reset Button Access
ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
3
Chapter 1 – Hardware Overview
Figure 1-2
Sample AC Receptacles
Figure 1-3
Sample Circuit Breaker and Input Power Cord
4
ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
Chapter 1 – Hardware Overview
Specifications
This section lists the following specifications:
• Ratings
• Operating Environment
• Dimensions
• Compatible Browsers
• RS-232 Serial Port Specifications
Ratings
The nameplate displays the model number and specific input and output
power ratings for the ePower unit, as shown in Figure 1-4.
Figure 1-4
Sample ePower Nameplate
ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
5
Chapter 1 – Hardware Overview
Operating Environment
Table 1-1
Operating Environment
Condition
Specification
Ambient Temperature
0 to 45°C
≤ 85%
Relative Humidity
Dimensions
ePower dimensions exclude mounting hardware, input cord connection,
and cord bend radius. Dimensions vary depending on the specific model
options, as listed in Table 1-2.
Table 1-2
Dimensions
Model Options
Dimensions (inches)
1φ or 3φ without circuit breakers
56.00 H x 2.40 W x 2.40 D
1φ with two circuit breakers
59.00 H x 2.40 W x 2.75 Da
1φ with four circuit breakers
62.00 H x 2.40 W x 2.75 Da
3φ with three circuit breakers
65.00 H x 2.40 W x 2.75 Da
a. Allow an additional 0.25-inch clearance for tripped circuit breakers.
Compatible Browsers
The following Web browsers have been tested, and deemed compatible with,
the ePower Web interface:
• Microsoft Internet Explorer, versions 7 and 8
• Mozilla Firefox, versions 3.0 to 3.6.x
6
ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
Chapter 1 – Hardware Overview
RS-232 Serial Port Specifications
Table 1-3
RS-232 Settings
Setting
Value
Baud
115,200
Data Bits
8
Parity
No
Stop Bits
1
Flow Control
Table 1-4
None
RJ45 RS-232 Pinout
Pin
Name
Notes
1
RTS
Not used
2
DTR
Not used
3
TXD
4
GND
5
GND
6
RXD
7
DSR
Not used
8
CTS
Not used
ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
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Chapter 1 – Hardware Overview
Maintenance
There are no field-serviceable components inside the ePower PDU. Do not
open the ePower PDU. Opening the PDU voids the warranty and can cause
serious electrical shock.
Wipe LCD touch screen with a soft, non-abrasive cloth to
remove fingerprints.
Do not use liquids or chemicals on the ePower casing or LCD touch screen.
8
ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
2
Installing the ePower PDU
Perform these two steps to install the ePower PDU:
• Installing the ePower Hardware
• Configuring the Initial ePower Communication
Safety Instructions
For your safety, observe the following precautions when setting up the
ePower PDU:
CAUTION At initial inspection, if the ePower unit appears to be damaged,
do not install it. Contact Cyber Switching immediately.
CAUTION Ensure that the power source’s voltage and frequency match
the voltage and frequency that are listed on the Cyber Switching equipment
electrical rating label.
WARNING Never place foreign objects of any kind through openings in the
equipment. Conductive foreign objects produce a short circuit that can cause
fire, equipment damage, and/or electrical shock.
WARNING To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, install in a controlled
environment that is relatively free of contaminants.
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
Installing the ePower Hardware
Prior to power up and configuration, the ePower PDU must first be
rack-mounted on the network/data rack where it will be used.
Cautions
CAUTION Refer to the Safety Instructions section, prior to rack-mounting
the ePower unit.
CAUTION When installing the ePower PDU in a network/data rack,
note the following safety and precautionary guidelines:
10
•
Use only the provided mounting hardware.
•
Elevated Operating Ambient Temperature – If the ePower unit
is installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating
ambient temperature of the rack environment might be greater
than room ambient temperature. Therefore, consideration should
be given to installing the equipment in an environment compatible
with the maximum ambient temperature specified in the Operating
Environment section in Chapter 1, “Hardware Overview.”
•
Reduced Air Flow – Equipment should be installed such that the amount
of air flow required for safe equipment operation is not compromised.
•
Mechanical Loading – Equipment should be mounted such that a
hazardous condition is not incurred due to uneven mechanical loading.
•
Do not insert anything other than Cyber Switching-supplied screws into
the mounting holes that hold the buttonhooks, located on the back side
of the ePower PDU. Inserting other objects voids the warranty and poses
a shock hazard and/or shorting risk.
•
Avoid installing the ePower PDU in areas where spray or liquids can enter
or adhere to it.
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
•
Use only a grounded AC power outlet.
•
Use of the ePower by children is prohibited.
•
Do not place any foreign objects, other than electrical prongs,
into the outlets.
Mounting the ePower PDU
To mount the ePower unit:
1. Standing in front of the rack upon which the ePower unit will be
installed, determine where the LCD touch screen can best be viewed
and used.
NOTE The LCD touch screen automatically orients the text so that it is
readable with either of its short edges at the top.
2. The ePower unit is supplied with buttonhook mounting hardware
pre-installed in two locations on the back side of the unit. If the
mounting buttonhooks must be moved to different locations (such as
for optimum positioning of the LCD touch screen), remove them from
their current location, using a #2 Phillips screwdriver. Then, use the
Cyber Switching-supplied screws to reinstall the buttonhooks to their
new location.
WARNING The thread of the supplied pan-head screws is #8-32; the shank
of the screw must not exceed 3/16 inches.
Use of screws or other fasteners other than those supplied by Cyber Switching
voids the ePower warranty, and poses a shock hazard and shorting risk.
Please contact Cyber Switching if you need additional screws.
ePower Power Distribution Unit User Manual, Revision 1.1
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
3. Insert the buttonhooks into the large openings of the buttonholes
on the rack, then lower the ePower unit until the buttonhooks rest
in the lower slots of the buttonholes.
4. Determine whether the LCD touch screen can be easily viewed and
used at the installed height. If not, lift and remove the buttonhooks
from the rack buttonholes, then repeat steps 3 and 4, reinstalling
the ePower unit at a different height on the rack.
CAUTION The ePower input cord must be connected to a grounded circuit
with sufficient rating for the equipment that will be connected to the ePower
outlets. In addition, consideration must be given to the following issues:
•
12
Reliable Earthing – Reliable earthing/grounding of rack-mounted
equipment must be maintained. Particular attention must be given to
supply connections other than direct connections to the branch circuit
(such as the use of power strips).
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
•
Pluggable Equipment – For pluggable equipment, the socket outlet
should be installed near the equipment and should be easily accessible.
A suitably rated, listed branch circuit breaker shall be provided as part
of the building’s electrical circuit support.
•
Circuit Overloading – Consider the equipment nameplate ratings when
connecting the ePower PDU to the supply circuit, and the effect that
overloading of the circuits might have on overcurrent protection and
supply wiring. Refer to Figure 2-1 for sample nameplate markings;
the nameplate lists the ratings for the ePower unit.
Figure 2-1
Sample Nameplate Markings
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
Configuring the Initial ePower Communication
When the ePower unit is first powered On, the Booting screen is displayed.
This screen displays the following information:
• Serial Number
• MAC
• Model Number
After booting is complete (the screen will be dark for several seconds),
the Network Setup screen is displayed. After powering up the ePower
PDU, configure the ePower communication ports, as desired:
• RS-232 serial port, using an external PC – Refer to the Initially
Configuring the RS-232 Serial Port to Use the CLI section
• Ethernet port, using one of the following methods:
– Built-in LCD touch screen – Refer to the Configuring the
Ethernet Port Using the LCD Touch Screen section
– Command Line Interface – Refer to the Configuring the
Ethernet Port Using the CLI section
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Initially Configuring the RS-232 Serial Port to Use the CLI
To configure the serial port to use the command-line interface (CLI):
1. Attach the ePower unit to a COM port on your computer, using
an RS-232D serial cable.
NOTE A USB-to-serial adapter is required if the PC does not support
a serial interface. Install the USB-to-serial adapter driver before connecting
the adapter to the ePower unit.
2. Set up a terminal emulation program, such as HyperTerminal,
Tera Term, or minicom, using the following default settings:
– 115,200 baud
– 8 data bits; no parity
– 1 stop bit
– No flow control
3. Establish a connection and log in, using the following values:
– User Name: admin
– Password: password
CAUTION To prevent unauthorized access to the ePower PDU, change
the password immediately after the initial configuration is complete, and
periodically thereafter.
4. The ePower command prompt is displayed:
ePower:/-->
To issue individual commands or create scripts, refer to Chapter 4,
“Using the Command Line Interface,” and Appendix A, “CLI
Command Reference.”
To configure the Ethernet port, refer to the Configuring the Ethernet Port
Using the CLI section.
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
Configuring the Ethernet Port Using
the LCD Touch Screen
To configure the ePower Ethernet port using the LCD touch screen,
perform the following steps, as appropriate for your system requirements:
1. Attach the ePower unit to an Ethernet port on your computer
or router, using an Ethernet cable.
2. Select Yes to configure the ePower network settings.
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3. If you selected No, the Power Info/Input Screen is displayed.
If you selected Yes, the unit asks whether you want to enable IPv4.
Select Yes to enable IPv4
NOTE The ePower unit can use both IPv4 and IPv6 simultaneously.
Configure the IPv4 connection first, then configure the IPv6 connection.
4. To enable IPv4, select the proper configuration to determine the
ePower network settings – DHCP or STATIC.
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
5. For DHCP, the IPv4 configuration is complete. For a STATIC IPv4
address, enter the appropriate settings for the IP, netmask, and
gateway addresses. IPv4 addresses are entered as three-digit
dot-separated decimal addresses (for example, 128.68.82.1).
Leading zeros between each period can be omitted.
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6. Next, enable IPv6, if desired. To enable IPv6, enter the appropriate
settings for the IP, netmask, and gateway addresses. IPv6 addresses
are entered as colon-separated four-digit hex code groups (for example,
1293:f34:13df::7). Leading zeros between the colons can be omitted.
Press the “0x/#” key to change the keypad from numbers to hex letters
and vice versa.
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
7. At this point, the communications configuration is complete and the
Power Info/Input Screen opens.
NOTE The green bar slowly scrolls through and highlights the input list,
showing that the ePower unit is powered On and operating correctly.
For additional information regarding how to use the LCD touch screen,
refer to Chapter 5, “Using the LCD Touch Screen.”
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
Configuring the Ethernet Port Using the CLI
Before you can use the CLI, you must configure the serial interface
to use the CLI, as described in the Initially Configuring the RS-232
Serial Port to Use the CLI section.
NOTE All CLI commands are entered at the ePower:/ prompt. The text within
the prompt varies, depending on the directory level at the time of entry.
You can use the RS-232 serial port command-line interface (CLI) to enable
either or both the IPv4 and IPv6 Ethernet protocols:
1. To enable IPv4, perform the following steps:
a. Go to the IPv4 target by entering the following command:
cd /system1/settings/network/ipv4
b. If you are using DHCP, enter the following command:
set enable=y dhcp=y
c. If you are entering a static IP, enter the following commands to set
the ePower IP address, subnet mask, and gateway IP address:
set enable=y
set address=ip_address
set mask=subnet_mask gateway=gateway_ip
2. To enable IPv6, perform the following steps:
a. Go to the IPv6 target by entering the following command:
cd /system1/settings/network/ipv6
b. To use DHCP, enter the following command:
set enable=y dhcp=y
c. To enter a static IP, enter the following command to set the ePower
IP address, subnet mask, and gateway IP address:
set enable=y address=ip_address mask=subnet_mask gateway=gateway_ip
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Chapter 2 – Installing the ePower PDU
3. The network settings must be committed before they take effect.
Enter the following command to apply the new network settings:
commit /system1/settings/network
NOTE There can be a delay of up to 60 seconds before the new settings
take effect.
Your ePower unit should now be connected to the network. Use one of the
following methods to configure the PDU settings:
• To use the visual interface, refer to Chapter 3, “Using the ePower
Web Interface.”
• To issue individual commands or create scripts, refer to Chapter 4,
“Using the Command Line Interface,” and Appendix A, “CLI
Command Reference.”
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3
Using the ePower Web Interface
Connecting to the Web Interface
The ePower Web interface can be accessed with a standard Web browser,
using the Ethernet interface.
To connect to an ePower unit through a Web browser:
1. Attach the ePower unit to an Ethernet port on your computer
or router, using an Ethernet cable.
2. Note the ePower unit IP address or fully qualified domain
name (FQDN).
NOTE You can use the LCD touch screen to verify the ePower unit’s
IP address.
3. In the Web browser, enter the address or FQDN of the ePower unit.
4. Log in, using admin and password as the User Name and Password,
respectively. (After other user accounts are created, they can also be
used to log in.)
CAUTION To prevent unauthorized access to the ePower PDU, periodically
change the password.
5. The Home page, shown in Figure 3-1, opens.
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Figure 3-1
24
ePower Web Interface Home Page
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Web Page Descriptions
The ePower Web interface allows access to the following pages:
• Home Page
• Data Page
• Setup Page
• System Page
The following icons and symbols are used throughout the ePower
Web interface:
Icon / Description
Green dot
Gray dot
Boxed red X
Green
counterclockwise
arrow
Yellow triangle
Red triangle
Function
Description
Outlet Status
Indicator
On.
Outlet Status
Indicator
Off.
Outlet Status
Indicator
Off. A Virtual Circuit Breaker
has tripped.
Outlet Status
Indicator
Rebooting.
Outlet Status
Indicator
Warning. High/low current.
Outlet Status
Indicator
Warning. Critical state.
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Icon / Description
Function
Green background
behind Outlet row
Outlet Status
Indicator
Mouse cursor is hovering over
the row. Provided to help you
keep track of where you are on
the page.
Green background
behind Bank tab
Bank Status
Indicator
On.
Gray Background
behind Bank tab
Bank Status
Indicator
Off. Bank circuit breaker
has tripped.
Permission
Indicator
User does not have read, write,
and/or execute permission for
this field.
Dashed gray line
VCB text
or
Alert Setting
Status
A Virtual Circuit Breaker
trip-curve equation is set
for this outlet.
Alert Setting
Status
High current alert is set for
this outlet, with or without
the Virtual Circuit Breaker
being set.
Alert Setting
Status
Low current alert is set for
this outlet, with or without
the Virtual Circuit Breaker
being set.
Alert Setting
Status
Both high and low current
alerts are set for this outlet,
with or without the Virtual
Circuit Breaker being set.
Up arrow
or
Down arrow
or
Up and down
arrows
Gray bell
Alarm clock
26
Description
Schedule Setting
Status
No alerts are set for this outlet;
no alarms are active.
Schedule Setting
Status
Outlet schedule is set for
this outlet.
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Home Page
The Home page displays information and allows access to the following
controls, as shown in Figure 3-2:
• Banks and Outlets Pane – Displays status and allows access to
bank and outlet controls. This is the Home page for the ePower
Web interface.
• Input Loading Pane – Displays current and current loads, and allows
outlets to be turned Off and On.
• Recent Logs Pane – Displays the most-recent events in the log file.
• Data Page – Displays all event logs for the ePower unit.
• Setup Page – Allows the ePower’s configuration to be updated.
• System Page – Displays the system’s basic information (model number,
and serial number, and so forth), and allows the ePower to be upgraded
• Help menu item – Directs you to Cyber Switching’s ePower Technical
Support Web page, www.cyberswitching.com/epower/support, where
you have the option of opening a PDF of this user manual,
or performing other support-related tasks.
• Logout menu item – Exits the ePower Web interface.
Figure 3-2
ePower Web Interface Home Page
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Banks and Outlets Pane
This is the Home page for the ePower Web interface. Displays status and
allows access to the following bank and outlet controls:
• Select a bank name to access the Bank Controls pane for that bank.
• Select an outlet name to access the Outlet Controls pane
for that outlet.
• Use the State drop-down menu to turn outlets On, Off,
or begin Reboot.
The Bank Controls pane (refer to Figure 3-3) includes the Alerts tab:
• Enabled – Select to enable the High Current Alert for that bank.
• High Current Alert – Enter Threshold and Maximum
Grace Period.
• Email Notification List – Enter a comma-separated list of email
address to notify you if the high current limit is reached. Email alerts
are also entered in the Setup Logging pane. The following are sample
email alerts:
– Input Critical Alert Example
Load on Input 1 Line A (32.5 A) exceeds 100% safety limit (32.0 A)
– Input Warning Alert Example
Load on Input 1 Line B (41.2 A) exceeds 80% safety limit (40.0 A)
– Input User-Defined High Current Alert Example
Load on Input 1 Line C (22.8 A) exceeds user-defined high current limit (20.5 A)
– Bank Critical Alert Example
Load on Bank 1 (21.5 A) exceeds 100% safety limit (20.0 A)
– Bank Warning Alert Example
Load on Bank 2 (17.2 A) exceeds 80% safety limit (16.0 A)
– Bank User-Defined High Current Alert Example
Load on Bank 3 (6.8 A) exceeds user-defined high current limit (4.0A)
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Figure 3-3
Bank Controls Pane
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
The Outlet Controls pane includes three tabs – General, Alerts,
and Schedule:
• General – Refer to Figure 3-4.
– Outlet Name – Enter an outlet name. The outlet name is used
on the Home and Web Services pages.
– Keywords – A comma-separated list of keywords that can be used
for filtering queries sent by way of Cisco EnergyWise.
– Importance – A ranking (on a scale of 1 to 100) that compares
the relative importance of this outlet versus others in the Cisco
EnergyWise domain. This ranking is typically used as a filter
for policy-based network management. By convention, a lower
value (1) is less important than a higher value (100).
– Reboot Delay – During a Reboot, the outlet is sequenced Off,
then On. The Reboot delay is the time (in seconds) between
turning an outlet Off, then On. Decimal values (for example, 5.375)
are accepted.
– Overall Outlet Status – Displays Current (A), Voltage (V),
Frequency (Hz), Apparent Power (VA), Real Power (W),
and Power Factor for the outlet.
Figure 3-4
30
Outlet Controls Pane – General Tab
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
• Alerts
– Enabled check boxes – Select to allow access to items on the
Outlet Alerts tab.
– Virtual Circuit Breaker – Enter the Threshold, Maximum
Grace Period, Minimum Grace Period, and Curve
Constant; refer to Chapter 6, “Configuring Cyber Breaker the
Virtual Circuit Breaker.”
– High Current Alert – Enter the Threshold and Maximum
Grace Period, then select Save.
– Low Current Alert – Enter the Threshold and Maximum
Grace Period, then select Save.
– Email Notification List – Enter a comma-separated list of email
address to notify if limits are reached. Email alerts are also entered
in the Setup Logging pane.
• Outlet Critical Alert Example
Load on Outlet 1 (18.3 A) exceeds 100% safety limit (15.0 A)
• Outlet Warning Alert Example
Load on Outlet 1 (14.8 A) exceeds 80% safety limit (12.0 A)
• Outlet Safety Virtual Circuit Breaker Alert Example
Load on Outlet 1 tripped Virtual Circuit Breaker safety limit
• Outlet User-Defined Virtual Circuit Breaker Alert Example
Load on Outlet 1 (17.3 A) tripped Virtual Circuit Breaker limit (15.7A)
• Outlet User-Defined High Current Alert Example
Load on Outlet 1 (9.6 A) exceeds user-defined high current limit (8.0 A)
• Outlet User-Defined Low Current Alert Example
Load on Outlet 1 (1.2 A) exceeds user-defined low current limit (3.0 A)
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
• Schedule – Select Basic or Advanced from the drop-down menu.
– Basic – Refer to Figure 3-5.
• To enter an event – Select event type and time, then select
Add Event.
• To delete a scheduled event – Select item from scroll list,
then select Remove Event.
NOTE Use the Setup > Date & Time Tab to ensure that the ePower clock
is set to the correct timezone.
Figure 3-5
32
Outlet Control Pane – Schedule Tab
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
– Advanced – Enter crontab commands in the text box.
The supported commands are:
• On
• Off
• Reboot
NOTE crontab is a configuration file that specifies outlet state change events
to perform on a specific schedule.
To enter crontab commands:
1. Select Advanced from the drop-down menu.
2. Enter commands in the text box (refer to Figure 3-6).
3. Select OK.
Figure 3-6
Outlet Control Pane – Scheduling Tab - Advanced
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Input Loading Pane
The Input Loading pane displays Imax (Limit column) for each input
line and the current load for each input line. The pane also allows all
child outlets of that input to be turned On, Off, or Rebooted using the
State drop-down menu.
Recent Logs Pane
The complete event log can be accessed using the Data Page.
Logout
To prevent unauthorized access to the ePower Web interface, close the Web
browser window after logging off.
NOTE The ePower Web interface uses HTTP Basic Authentication.
Logout attempts to clear this authentication, but this is not guaranteed,
because it is Web browser-dependent. The best way to ensure a secure
logout is to close the Web browser, including all tabs and windows.
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Data Page
On the Data page, you can view the log of events associated with the
ePower unit:
• Select the Status or Date Logged column title to sort the list
according to that column’s contents
• Use the Priority drop-down menu to select which events to display
• A summary of each outlet’s current and power draw is displayed on the
right side of the page
Figure 3-7
ePower Data Page
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Setup Page
Through the Setup page, you can edit various settings using these tabs:
• Date & Time Tab
• Users Tab
• Network Tab
• Proxy Tab
• Logging Tab
• Interfaces Tab
• General Tab
Date & Time Tab
Use the Date & Time tab to specify:
• Whether to use Network Time Protocol (NTP) to set the date and time
or to set those items manually
• NTP servers to query for network time information
• Local timezone
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Users Tab
Use the Users tab to:
• Create, edit, and or delete ePower user accounts
• Specify whether a user account is an administrator account
• Set specific permissions for a user account
– Read
User is allowed to read properties on the outlet, bank, or input.
– Write
User is allowed to change settings on the outlet, bank, or input, such
as the name or alert configurations.
– Execute
User is allowed to change the state on the outlet, bank, or input,
such as On, Off, or Reboot.
Figure 3-8
ePower Setup Page, Users Tab
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Network Tab
Use the Network tab to configure the following system parameters:
• Hostname
• Domain name
• DNS servers
• IPv4 settings
• IPv6 settings
Proxy Tab
Use the Proxy tab to:
• Define a proxy server (if necessary) for the ePower unit to use
for TCP socket communication
• Specify HTTP and SSL proxies
Logging Tab
Use the Logging tab to:
• Set the Syslog server details and priority level threshold for forwarding
system events
• Set the SMTP email server details for sending alert notifications
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Interfaces Tab
Use the Interfaces tab to enable which interfaces to use when accessing
the ePower unit remotely. Select from the following:
• HTTP
Redirect to HTTPS for increased security
• Telnet
• SSH
• Enable Cisco® EnergyWise
Refer to Appendix C, “Cisco EnergyWise,” for details.
Figure 3-9
ePower Setup Page, Interfaces Tab, Cisco EnergyWise Section
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
General Tab
Use the General tab to:
• Specify the System Contact and System Location
• Set the Stagger-On Delay setting
Use to minimize current spikes during the power-on cycle. Sets the
delay before power-on of the next outlet after one outlet turns On.
Delay is in seconds per outlet.
System Page
Use the System page to:
• Display the System Info Tab
• Access the Maintenance Tab
System Info Tab
The System Info tab displays basic information about the ePower
unit, including:
• Model Number
• Model Description
• Serial Number
• Manufacture Date
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Chapter 3 – Using the ePower Web Interface
Maintenance Tab
The Maintenance tab provides access to Firmware Upgrades.
Firmware Upgrades
Cyber Switching maintains a public mailing list to announce new
firmware releases. Visit www.cyberswitching.com to register to receive
these announcements.
To update the firmware:
1. Select Upgrade.
2. The ePower unit attempts to communicate to the Cyber Switching
centralized servers at epower.cyberswitching.com.
3. The ePower unit downloads all available updates, checks the
transaction to ensure it can be applied successfully, then executes
the transaction.
4. If the upgrade is successful, the ePower unit automatically Reboots.
(Outlet states are not affected during the upgrade.)
5. If the upgrade has an error, the upgrade is canceled.
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Using the Command Line Interface
After the RS-232D serial cable is connected and the RS-232 serial port is
configured (refer to the Initially Configuring the RS-232 Serial Port to Use
the CLI section in Chapter 2, “Installing the ePower PDU”), the CLI for
ePower is ready for use. Enter CLI commands at the ePower command
prompt, using the command syntax as described within this chapter.
You can also create script files containing multiple ePower commands,
and issue them by way of the serial interface.
The syntax used within the ePower CLI is as follows:
verb [options] [target] [properties]
Example 1: Displays all properties in a recursive search of /system1/settings,
where the address property of the target being evaluated
matches 10.0.3.120.
ePower:/--> show -d properties -l all /system1/settings address==10.0.3.120
/system1/settings/network/ipv4
Properties:
address = 10.0.3.120
dhcp = Y
enable = Y
gateway = 10.0.3.1
mask = 255.255.255.0
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Chapter 4 – Using the Command Line Interface
Where:
• verb – show
The verb describes the action that is to be performed on a specified
target or property.
• options – “-d properties” and “-l all”
Options are flags that change the way that the verb acts.
• target – /system1/settings
The target specifies the managed element on which that verb operates.
• properties – address==10.0.3.120
Properties specify terms to use as filters.
The supported ePower verbs are:
• cd – Changes the current default target
• commit – Sets and/or updates a section of properties within
a managed element
• exit – Terminates the ePower CLI process
• help – Displays information regarding how to use the ePower CLI
• reset – Restarts the ePower unit, from boot-up
• set – Sets the value of properties within a managed element
• show – Displays the contents of a target
• version – Displays current version information for the ePower
firmware
Refer to Appendix A, “CLI Command Reference,” for a detailed
syntax description.
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Using the LCD Touch Screen
Basic Navigation
The eMenu button is located in the upper left corner of the LCD touch
screen (refer to the Screen Descriptions section). The current screen’s title
is centered between two arrows. The left arrow navigates to the previous
screen. The right arrow navigates to the next screen.
NOTE The green highlight bar slowly scrolls through and highlights the input
list, confirming that the ePower unit is powered On and operating correctly.
NOTE The overall LCD touch screen navigation maps are provided
in Appendix B, “LCD Network Configuration Screens.”
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Chapter 5 – Using the LCD Touch Screen
Screen Descriptions
Touching the eMenu button displays a drop-down menu that provides access
to the following screens:
• Power Info Screen
• System Logs
• Settings Screen
• Set as Home Screen
• Alerts Screen
• Lock Screen
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Power Info Screen
Use the Power Info screen to view the power information for the input
or any of the banks:
• The Input screens display the real-time status of each input.
• The Bank screens display the real-time status of each outlet. Selecting
a particular outlet provides additional details regarding that outlet, as
well as the ability to turn On, turn Off, or Reboot the selected outlet.
Example 1: Reboot an outlet.
This example shows the status of Outlet 1 in Bank 1, a Dell Power Edge
Server, which is currently Rebooting.
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Chapter 5 – Using the LCD Touch Screen
System Logs
Use the System Logs screen to view the log of the various system alerts
that have occurred.
Use the up/down arrow to scroll through the specific alert (example alert
shown in Figure 5-1). Use the left and right navigation arrows to view the
previous or next alert, respectively.
Figure 5-1
48
Sample Alert (Gold Highlighting Flashes On and Off)
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Chapter 5 – Using the LCD Touch Screen
Settings Screen
Use the Settings screen to view, configure, and reconfigure the IPv4
or IPv6 network settings.
When reconfiguring the settings, a warning that you will lose the previous
settings is displayed. If you select Yes to continue, follow the procedure
provided in the Configuring the Ethernet Port Using the LCD Touch Screen
section in Chapter 2, “Installing the ePower PDU.”
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Chapter 5 – Using the LCD Touch Screen
Set as Home Screen
The Set as Home screen sets the current screen as the home screen.
1. Select the Set as Home menu item. A confirmation screen opens.
2. Select Yes to confirm that you want the current screen to be the new
home screen.
NOTE Prolonged time spent on any screen without touching the LCD touch
screen results in returning to the designated home screen. By default, the
home screen is set as the Input Power screen.
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Alerts Screen
The Alert screen displays all the current alerts on the system (example
alert shown in Figure 5-2). Only alerts that have been “dismissed”
are removed from the Alerts section. Dismissed alerts can be viewed
in the system logs (refer to the System Logs section).
Figure 5-2
Sample Alert (Gold Highlighting Flashes On and Off)
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Chapter 5 – Using the LCD Touch Screen
Lock Screen
To lock the ePower LCD touch screen:
1. Select the Lock Screen menu item.
2. Enter a passkey on the LCD touch screen keypad. The passkey can
be any combination of numbers and letters on the keypad. Press
the “0x”/”#” key to change the keypad from numbers to hex letters
and vice versa.
3. Select Done.
4. Enter the passkey a second time, to verify the entry.
5. Select Done. If the second passkey matches the first passkey,
a “Success” message is displayed.
The display returns to the home screen, and responds to all attempts
to use the LCD touch screen, by displaying the Locked Screen page.
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6. To unlock the screen, enter the correct passkey on the LCD touch
screen keypad, then select Done.
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6
Configuring Cyber Breaker
the Virtual Circuit Breaker
In addition to the optional hardware circuit breakers for each bank of
outlets, the ePower PDU provides an adjustable Virtual Circuit Breaker
for each outlet, known as a Cyber Breaker® the Virtual Circuit Breaker™
(referred to as “Virtual Circuit Breaker” or “VCB” within in this user
manual and the Web interface). Under certain conditions, a Virtual Circuit
Breaker provides faster response times than a hardware circuit breaker
by way of a user-definable trip curve (refer to Example 1 and Example 2).
NOTE UL 489A (10th edition) defines an “adjustable circuit breaker” as
“a circuit breaker that has adjustable time/current tripping characteristics.
These characteristics may include (a) inverse-time (such as continuous
current, long time, and/or short time); (b) instantaneous; and/or
(c) ground-fault.”
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Chapter 6 – Configuring Cyber Breaker the Virtual Circuit Breaker
Theory
Each Virtual Circuit Breaker operates according to a trip-curve
equation that relates actual current to trip delay time, resulting
in the following features:
• Limits over-current conditions to a single outlet
• Turns Off an outlet when the amperage exceeds a user-defined
threshold
• Decreases trip delay time as current increases
A Virtual Circuit Breaker behaves according to the following algorithm:
• From 0A to the user-defined current threshold (Imin), a Virtual Circuit
Breaker does not trip
• At the rated current load (Imin), the trip delay equals tgrace
• Trip delay decreases per the user-defined curve as current increases
• At 34A (Imax), the trip delay equals tmin
• Above Imax, a Virtual Circuit Breaker trips instantaneously
NOTE UL 489A (10th edition) defines an “instantaneous trip” as “a qualifying
term indicating that no delay is purposely introduced in the automatic tripping
of the circuit breaker.”
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Trip Delay Curve Equation
The trip delay curve equation for tdelay (represented by the function f(x)) for
any given current (x) above Imin is:
where variables a, b, c, and d are as described in Table 6-1.
[
ƒ (C) = a • e
Table 6-1
Variable
-b( C - c )
]+ d
Trip Delay Curve Equation Variables
Description
a = tgrace Maximum tdelay at Imin
Default
Value
400 sec
b
Curve “slope” constanta
0.30
c = Imin
Minimum threshold where a Virtual Circuit
Breaker is active
16A
d = tmin
Minimum tdelay for Iactual up to Imaxb
-1.81 sec
a. Slope “b” is chosen through trial and error, to fit the curve to the desired
values. It is recommended that you first model this in Microsoft Excel,
and play with the values before setting this to a different value.
b. Imax is an “instantaneous” drop point. If the current exceeds this value,
Virtual Circuit Breaker uses a grace period of 0 seconds, regardless of
what the equation calculates for f(x).
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Chapter 6 – Configuring Cyber Breaker the Virtual Circuit Breaker
Example 1
In this example, a Virtual Circuit Breaker is configured on an IEC 60309
C19 outlet, with a maximum current rating of 20A. The trip delay starts at
7 seconds (a=7) at 4A (c=4, the breaker trip value), and decreases until it
reaches 2.5 seconds (d=2.5) at 20A. Above 20A, the trip delay is 0 seconds.
The equation for the Example 1 trip delay curve under 20A is:
[
ƒ (C) = 7 • e
Figure 6-1
58
-0.3 3 3( C - 4)
]+ 2 .5
Example 1 – Virtual Circuit Breaker Trip Delay Curve
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Chapter 6 – Configuring Cyber Breaker the Virtual Circuit Breaker
To configure a Virtual Circuit Breaker to the same settings as Example 1,
set the parameters in the Web interface:
1. On the Home page, select the bank and outlet for which you want
to set a Virtual Circuit Breaker:
2. In the Outlet Options > Alerts tab, select Enabled under
Virtual Circuit Breaker, then enter the appropriate values
for the Threshold, Max. Grace Period, Min. Grace Period,
and Curve Constant, as shown:
3. Select Save.
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Chapter 6 – Configuring Cyber Breaker the Virtual Circuit Breaker
Example 2
In this example, a Virtual Circuit Breaker on a 20A-rated outlet starts with
a trip delay of 400 seconds (a=400) at 16A (c=16, the breaker trip value).
The trip delay decreases until it reaches zero seconds at 34A or greater.
A negative tmin value (d=-1.81) is used to fine-tune the trip curve to a zero
crossing at 34A.
The equation for the Example 2 trip delay curve is:
[
ƒ (C) = 4 0 0 • e
Figure 6-2
60
] - 1 .8 1
-0.3( C - 1 6)
Example 2 – Virtual Circuit Breaker Trip Delay Curve
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Chapter 6 – Configuring Cyber Breaker the Virtual Circuit Breaker
To configure a Virtual Circuit Breaker to the same settings as Example 2,
set the parameters in the Web interface:
1. On the Home page, select the bank and outlet for which you want
to set the Virtual Circuit Breaker:
2. In the Outlet Options > Alerts tab, select Enabled under
Virtual Circuit Breaker, then enter the appropriate values
for the Threshold, Max. Grace Period, Min. Grace Period,
and Curve Constant, as shown:
3. Select Save.
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7
Troubleshooting
General Questions
The following table describes how to resolve common issues that may
be encountered when using the ePower unit. If the suggested solutions
do not resolve the problem, contact Cyber Switching’s Technical Support
at support@cyberswitching.com.
For additional support information, visit www.cyberswitching.com/
epower/support.
Issue
Why is there no power
at the outlets?
How do I connect to the ePower
using the RS-232 serial port?
Suggested Solution
Check to ensure that the input power cord is plugged
in, that all branch circuits breakers on the unit
(if any) are closed, and that the outlet is turned On.
Connect an RS-232D serial cable to the ePower
RS-232 serial port; Set up a terminal emulation
program (such as HyperTerminal, Tera Term,
or minicom), and configure the program with
the following settings:
115200, 8, None, 1, and no flow control.
How do I reset the ePower
to factory default settings?
Refer to the Restoring Factory Default
Settings section.
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Chapter 7 – Troubleshooting
Issue
Suggested Solution
What is the ePower
Reboot sequence?
When you Reboot an outlet, the outlet immediately
turns Off, then turns back On, after the Off-to-On
timer expires. The default Off-to-On delay time is
five seconds. The delay time can be changed in the
Outlet Properties dialog box, in the Web interface.
What happens if I change an
outlet’s state when the outlet
is in the process of Rebooting?
If you turn an outlet On or Off when that outlet is still
in the Reboot process, the Reboot is canceled, and
the outlet immediately changes to the desired state.
What happens if I change the
Off-to-On delay time when
an outlet is in the process
of Rebooting?
Each Reboot process uses the settings that were
applied at the time the Reboot was started. Any
changes made after the Reboot starts are used
for subsequent Reboot requests.
An outlet is not working,
and no alert was issued.
First, ensure that the equipment connected to the
outlet is fully plugged in, and that the equipment is
turned On. Next, try turning On the outlet from the
ePower Web interface, even if the outlet reports that
it is already On.
If this does not resolve the problem, contact
Cyber Switching’s Technical Support
at support@cyberswitching.com.
The message
jffs2_sum_write_data: Not enough
space for summary, padsize = XXXX.
appeared in the system log.
The Journaling Flash File System v2 (JFFS2) file
system used on the ePower is a highly reliable,
fault-tolerant, self-correcting file system designed
for performance on embedded systems.
This message indicates a common warning that
JFFS2 is using a new segment of Not-And (NAND)
gate flash and must first initialize that segment.
You can ignore this message, because it is used
only for internal kernel-level debugging.
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Chapter 7 – Troubleshooting
Issue
Suggested Solution
This message indicates that JFFS2 has detected
a bad NAND block and corrected the problem.
NAND flash commonly wears down over time.
The ePower implements “wear leveling,” which
significantly reduces the chances of this occurring.
The message Erase at XXXX failed
immediately, followed by JFFS2:
marking eraseblock at XXXX as bad.
appeared in the system log.
However, if it does occur, the ePower automatically
marks the block as bad (as indicated by the
aforementioned error message), and re-maps
that bad address to a good address.
This not a major problem, and can safely be ignored
if you only see a handful of error messages similar
to this in the logs. However, if you begin to notice
a large number of error messages (greater than 50),
contact Cyber Switching’s Technical Support
at support@cyberswitching.com.
How do I fix an upgrade failure
when the error message is
ipkg_download: ERROR: Command
failed with return value 1: 'wget ... '?
This failure is typically caused by a network
connectivity issue. First, check the ePower’s network
settings and verify that the IP address, subnet mask,
gateway, and DNS servers are properly listed. Second,
check the ePower’s proxy settings, and verify that
they are correct for your network. Finally, on a
computer in the same subnet as the ePower unit,
attempt to visit the URL mentioned in the
error message.
For further help, please contact Cyber Switching’s
Technical Support at support@cyberswitching.com.
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Chapter 7 – Troubleshooting
Issue
I occasionally see the message
TX underrun, resetting buffers
in the ePower’s data logs.
Is this an issue?
On my ePower unit, why does
the alert settings icon column
appear to flicker?
Suggested Solution
This is a common house-cleaning message sent by
the kernel, when the network transmit buffers are
flushed. It can be safely ignored, and is a common
Linux notification for embedded systems. This
diagnostic output, and other, similar messages, are
enabled to help Cyber Switching’s Technical Support
in the event of a support question.
The rendering engine in some browsers, notably
Internet Explorer, can sometimes inappropriately
redraw screen content in the middle of a data update.
Once the data update is finished, the engine then
redraws the screen, causing the flicker phenomenon.
This behavior is harmless and can be ignored.
If desired, try a different browser, such as Mozilla
Firefox, for a more seamless experience.
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Restoring Factory Default Settings
To reset the ePower to factory defaults:
1. Connect an RS-232D serial cable to the ePower unit’s RS-232
serial port, and open a terminal emulation program, as
described in the Initially Configuring the RS-232 Serial Port to
Use the CLI section in Chapter 2, “Installing the ePower PDU.”
2. Using a firm, thin object (such as the end of an unfolded paper clip),
press and hold the reset button for 1 to 2 seconds.
3. When the bootloader appears, press any key to interrupt the
bootloader. If successful, the U-boot> prompt will appear.
If this prompt does not appear, repeat steps 2 and 3.
4. At the U-boot> prompt, enter cfg_rst, then press Enter.
The unit starts booting as normal. During boot-up, the system
re-creates the appropriate databases and files.
CAUTION This step cannot be canceled after it starts. All the ePower
unit settings will be lost and reverted back to the factory defaults,
including outlet properties and user accounts. Perform this operation
only if absolutely necessary.
NOTE Due to recreating the various databases, the system may take a few
extra minutes to boot.
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Chapter 7 – Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting a Tripped Outlet (Virtual Circuit Breaker)
After a Virtual Circuit Breaker is properly configured, any “trip” conditions
should be properly investigated before resetting the circuit breaker’s state.
Constantly toggling the relay state from Tripped to Off to On without first
clearing the condition that caused the trip causes the relay to trip again.
If the trip occurs at a high amperage, this can reduce the lifetime of
the relay.
CAUTION A qualified electrician should be called to investigate and resolve
tripped breakers. Failure to resolve the root cause of tripped breakers can
cause severe damage to equipment and other facilities.
To troubleshoot a tripped outlet (Virtual Circuit Breaker):
1. Identify the equipment plugged into the tripped outlet.
2. Are there any obvious problems with the equipment? Is the
cord frayed? Is there a burnt smell? Correct these issues with
the equipment.
3. Unplug the equipment and reset the Virtual Circuit Breaker.
4. If the Virtual Circuit Breaker resets okay, have the equipment checked
out by a qualified service technician. If the technician cannot identify
any issues with the equipment, contact Cyber Switching Technical
Support for additional assistance.
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Resetting the ePower PDU
Resetting the ePower PDU performs a hardware reset of the internal
Network Interface Card (NIC) in the event of a lock-up. The reset
button is located beside the RS-232 serial port, through the access hole
(refer to Figure 7-1).
Figure 7-1
Reset Button Location
To reset the ePower PDU:
1. Using a firm, thin object (such as the end of an unfolded paper clip),
press and hold the reset button for 1 to 2 seconds.
The LCD touch screen goes blank and darkens. This indicates
that the NIC is being held in hardware reset. No outlet states are
affected at this time; however, RS-232 and network communication
are terminated.
2. Release the reset button.
The NIC begins its boot-up procedure. The first screen that opens
is the “booting” screen referenced in the Configuring the Initial
ePower Communication section in Chapter 2, “Installing the ePower
PDU.” The system boots up as described that section.
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A
CLI Command Reference
Syntax
The ePower command-line interface (CLI) conforms to the Server
Management Command Line Protocol 6 (SM CLP) Specification
(DSP0214 v1.0.2).
Commands are composed from the following four items:
• Verb
• Option
• Target
• Properties
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Verb
Verbs are actions that are performed on a specified target or property.
A verb can allow one or more options that modify the way the verb acts.
The supported verbs, which are described in detail in this appendix, are:
• cd – Changes the current default target
• commit – Sets and/or updates a section of properties within
a managed element
• exit – Terminates the ePower CLI process
• help – Displays information regarding how to use the ePower CLI
• reset – Restarts the ePower unit from boot-up
• set – Sets the value of properties within a managed element
• show – Displays the contents of a target
• version – Displays current version information for the ePower
firmware
Example 1: The verb in this sample command is “show”.
ePower:/--> show -d properties -l all /system1/settings address==10.0.3.120
Option
Options are flags that change the way the verb acts. Verbs can allow one or
more options on the command line. All options start with a leading dash “-”
and can have one or more parameters following the option. Options and
their parameters are separated by spaces.
Example 1: The options in this sample command are “-d properties” and “-l all”.
ePower:/--> show -d properties -l all /system1/settings address==10.0.3.120
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Target
A target specifies the managed element on which the verb operates (refer to
the ePower CLI Managed Elements Hierarchy section, for the managed
elements structure). Managed elements use a tree structure for the
grouping of elements within branches. All elements are under “/”,
or the root node.
To reach a given element, specify it using one of the following methods:
• Absolute path from the root
• Relative path from the current working target
The special symbols shown in Table A-1, used in standard UNIX file path
notation, can be used to specify path elements.
Table A-1
Path Element Notation
Symbol
Verbal
Description
.
dot
..
dot-dot
/
slash
Description
Current working target
Parent element of working target
Root element
Example 1: If the current element is /dir1/dir2, the following target entries
all access the same target.
• ePower:/dir1/dir2--> xyz
• ePower:/dir1/dir2--> ./xyz
• ePower:/dir1/dir2--> /dir1/dir2/xyz
Example 2: The following target entries access the element dir1.
• ePower:/dir1/dir2--> ..
• ePower:/dir1/dir2--> ./..
• ePower:/dir1/dir2--> /dir1
Example 3: The target in this sample command is “/system1/settings”.
ePower:/--> show -d properties -l all /system1/settings address==10.0.3.120
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Properties
Properties specify terms to use as filters. Results are returned only if they
contain the specified property names. Do not use spaces within properties,
such as between an equal sign and a value.
Example 1: Set the working directory only within MyDomain.
ePower:/--> set /system1/settings/network domain=MyDomain
Example 2: The property in this sample command is “address==10.0.3.120”.
ePower:/--> show -d properties -l all /system1/settings address==10.0.3.120
Verb Descriptions
The supported ePower verbs are:
• cd
• commit
• exit
• help
• reset
• set
• show
• version
Each verb, as well as its syntax, description, response, and properties
(as applicable) is discussed in the sections that follow.
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cd
Syntax
cd [target]
Description
Changes the current default target. By default, the current default target
is /.
To change the target, issue the “cd target” command. target must be an
element that is “adjacent” to the Current Target Element in the nested
hierarchy shown in the ePower CLI Managed Elements Hierarchy section.
For example, assuming the current default target is /, the command
“cd sytem1” is allowed, because the system1 element is a child element of /
in the hierarchy. The command “cd network” is not allowed, because the
network element is not a direct child element of / in the hierarchy.
If cd is issued without an explicit target, it uses the current default target,
which means that the current default target remains unchanged. cd can
be used to move relatively within the hierarchy. Issuing the “cd ..” command
sets the Current Target Element to the parent. Moving multiple levels is
allowed by using the / character. For example, “cd ../..” moves the Current
Target Element to the parent of the parent of the Current Target Element.
This works the same way as cd in a Linux environment. If a target that does
not exist is specified, an error is generated and the Current Target Element
remains as is.
Response
The ePower CLI prompt changes to reflect the Current Target Element.
NOTE In the following examples, note the changing text within the ePower:/
CLI prompt, as the target changes.
Example 1: Change the Current Target Element, using relative paths.
ePower:/--> cd system1/settings/interfaces
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces-->
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Example 2: Change the Current Target Element from
/system1/settings/interfaces to http.
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces--> cd http
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces/http-->
Example 3: Use cd, without specifying an explicit target.
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces/http--> cd
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces/http-->
Example 4: Change the Current Target Element, using UNIX file path notation.
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces/http--> cd .
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces/http-->
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces/http--> cd ..
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces-->
ePower:/system1/settings/interfaces--> cd ../..
ePower:/system1-->
Example 5: Specify a target above the root level. When specifying a target above
the root level using UNIX file path notation (refer to Table A-1),
the additional levels are ignored, and the resulting target is the
root level.
ePower:/system1--> cd ../../../../
ePower:/-->
Example 6: Specify a target that does not exist.
ePower:/system1/settings--> cd TCPIP
SYNTAX ERROR: UNKNOWN TARGET: “TCPIP”
ePower:/system1/settings-->
Example 7: Change the Current Target Element, using an absolute path.
ePower:/--> cd /system1/settings/network/ipv6
ePower:/system1/settings/network/ipv6-->
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commit
Syntax
commit [target]
Description
Sets and updates a section of properties within a managed element,
specifically for network settings where all values need to be updated with
a single command; otherwise unexpected behavior might occur.
The elements that support commit are /system1/settings/network and
/system1/settings/interfaces/energywise.
Response
There is no response for the commit command.
Example 1: Set and update a section of properties within a managed element.
ePower:/--> commit /system1/settings/network
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Appendix A – CLI Command Reference
exit
Syntax
exit
Description
Terminates the ePower CLI process. The supported synonyms are:
• Ctrl-C (Break)
• Ctrl-D (End-of-File)
Example 1: Terminate the current CLI session.
ePower:/--> exit
…[session disconnected]…
Response
The ePower login message is displayed.
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help
Syntax
help [options] [target] [properties]
Description
Displays information regarding how to use the ePower CLI. If help is issued
with no options, then a summary of this section is displayed.
Options
• –cd – Provides help for the cd command.
• –commit – Provides help for the commit command.
• –exit – Provides help for the exit command.
• –reset – Provides help for the reset command.
• –set – Provides help for the set command.
• –show – Provides help for the show command.
• –version – Provides help for the version command.
Properties
The help command recognizes a comma-separated list of properties and
provides information regarding the specified properties for the given target.
If no list of properties is given, then help provides information regarding all
the properties in the target.
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Response
Paragraph-formatted text from the CLI specification. help with no options
returns a summary.
Example 1: Display help for the show command.
ePower:/--> help –show
show [<options>] [<target>] [<properties>][propertyname==propertyvalue]
-d, -display <arg_values>
Display the parts of the element, where parts are (targets, properties, verbs, all). The
default value is all.
[Remainder of response not shown.]
Example 2: Display help for the IPv4 target.
ePower:/--> help /system1/settings/network/ipv4
ipv4 is a managed element and supports the following verbs:
cd set show version help
Properties:
80
address
: dotted decimal format: e.g. 10.0.3.2
dhcp
: y/n to enable/disable dhcp.
enable
: This is used to enable or disable the element as a feature this accepts
text inputs (Y YES N NO TRUE FALSE YES NO)
gateway
: dotted decimal format: e.g. 10.0.3.1
mask
: dotted decimal format: e.g. 255.255.255.0
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Appendix A – CLI Command Reference
reset
Syntax
reset
reload
reboot
Description
Restarts the device, from boot-up; performs a warm-boot. This has almost
the same behavior as toggling the power, except the outlets are unaffected
during this process. This command is valid only at the system element.
CAUTION Use this command with caution, because it is a system reset.
Response
There is no command response for the reset command.
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Appendix A – CLI Command Reference
set
Syntax
set [target] propertyname=value
Description
Sets the value of properties in a managed element. If no target is specified,
the current working target is used.
Properties
• propertyname=value
Sets the property for the given target. Accepts a line with multiple
property names and values, separated by spaces. For Boolean
properties, accepts Y, Yes, True, or On, and N, No, False, or Off,
but displays Y and N.
Response
There is no response for the set command.
Commands that contain invalid values for a given property return
an ERROR status.
Example 1: Enable HTTP in the TCPIP element.
ePower:/system1/settings/network--> set ipv4 enable=Y
ePower:/system1/settings/network-->
Example 2: Set multiple properties on a single command line.
ePower:/system1/settings/network--> set ipv4 address=192.168.1.10 dhcp=N enable=y
ePower:/system1/settings/network-->
Example 3: Set an incorrect value for a property.
ePower:/system1/settings/network--> set ipv4 address=1234.5678.9101.1234
COMMAND ERROR: INVALID PROPERTY VALUE: “1234.5678.9101.1234”
ePower:/system1/settings/network-->
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show
Syntax
show [options] [target] [properties] [propertyname==propertyvalue]
Description
Displays the contents of a target. If no target is specified, the current default
target is used.
Options
• -d, -display properties
Displays output that matches the indicated property type(s) (targets,
properties, verbs, all), where all is the default if omitted.
• -l, -level value
Restricts the output to value levels deep in the hierarchy. The keyword
all can be used for value. Default is 1.
• -a, -all
Returns all data element types subject to any filtering of categories
by the display and level options.
Properties
• properties
A comma-separated list of property names to use as a filter. If show
is displaying properties, that is, “show –d properties”, then return only
results that contain the specified property names.
• propertyname==value
A property name and associated value to use as a filter. If show is
displaying properties, that is, “show –d properties”, then only return
results that contain the specified name and corresponding value.
This CLI only supports a single equality filter and does not support
a comma-separated list of equality filters.
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Response
If show is issued with no options, all elements (targets, properties, and verbs)
for the specified target are displayed. The output format is as follows:
[Fully Qualified Target Address]
Targets:
[Target 1]
[Target 2]
[…]
[Target L]
Properties:
[Property 1] = [Value 1]
[Property 2] = [Value 2]
[Property 3][0] = [value 3.0] ** when property is a list
[Property 3][1] = [value 3.1]
[…]
[Property M] = [Value M]
Commands:
[Command 1]
[…]
[Command N]
L is the number of targets within the target, M is the number
of properties within the target, and N is the number of verbs
in the target.
If any of the sections do not have any output details to display,
the literal string [None] is displayed in that section.
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Example 1: Show all elements in the current default target.
ePower:/--> show
/
Targets:
session
system1
Properties:
[None]
Commands:
cd
show
help
ePower:/-->
When show is used with options other than all, such as –d properties, the
output format is the same as above, with the other elements omitted.
Example 2: Show the properties in the IPv4 target.
ePower:/--> show -d properties /system1/settings/network/ipv4
/system1/settings/network/ipv4
Properties:
address = 10.0.3.120
dhcp = N
enable = Y
gateway = 10.0.3.1
mask = 255.255.255.0
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Appendix A – CLI Command Reference
Example 3: Recursively show the available commands for the network target.
ePower:/--> show –l all -display verbs system1/settings/network
/system1/settings/network
Verbs:
cd
show
set
help
/system1/settings/network/ipv4
Verbs:
cd
show
set
help
/system1/settings/network/ipv6
Verbs:
cd
show
set
help
ePower:/-->
Example 4: Show only properties with the name “address”.
ePower:/--> show –d properties –l all /system1/settings/network address
ePower:/system1/settings/network/ipv4
Properties:
address = 10.0.2.102
ePower:/system1/settings/network/ipv6
Properties:
address = ffe8:0123:4567::0427
ePower:/-->
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Appendix A – CLI Command Reference
version
Syntax
version
Description
Displays current version information for the ePower firmware.
Response
Returns the ePower firmware version information.
Example 1: Display the current firmware version (where YYYY is the year of
release and RR is the number of the release (01, 02, 03, and so forth)
within that year).
ePower:/--> version
Software Version:
csLinux YYYY.RR
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Appendix A – CLI Command Reference
ePower CLI Managed Elements Hierarchy
This appendix documents the ePower managed elements, which use
a tree structure for the grouping of elements within branches. All elements
are under “/” (the root node). To reach a given element, specify one
of the following:
• Absolute path from the root
• Relative path from the current working target
Targets specify the managed element within the ePower CLI Managed
Elements Hierarchy on which a verb operates. The following targets
are supported:
|-- session/
`-- system1/
|-- settings/
|
|-- network/
|
|
|-- ipv4
|
|
`-- ipv6
|
`-- interfaces/
|
|-- energywise
|
|-- http
|
|-- https
|
|-- rs232
|
|-- ssh
|
`-- telnet
|
`-- power/
|-- inputX/
|
|
|
(Replace X with the input number)
`-- meterP (Replace P with the meter number:
- “1” for single phase units,
- “1” through “3” for three phase units)
|-- /bankY/
(Replace Y with the bank number)
|
|-- meter
|
`-- alerts/
|
`-- high_current
|
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Appendix A – CLI Command Reference
`-- outletZ/
(Replace Z with the outlet number)
|-- meter
|-- alerts/
|
|-- high_current
|
|-- low_current
|
`-- virtual_circuit_breaker
`-- schedule
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B
LCD Network
Configuration Screens
At first boot, you can configure either or both the IPv4 and IPv6
communication settings, as shown in Figure B-1. After first boot,
you must configure IPv4 (refer to Figure B-2) separately from IPv6
(refer to Figure B-3). Refer to Chapter 5, “Using the LCD Touch Screen,”
for information about appropriate entries for each screen.
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Appendix B – LCD Network Configuration Screens
Figure B-1
92
LCD Touch Screen Flow – First Boot, IPv4 and IPv6 Settings
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Appendix B – LCD Network Configuration Screens
Figure B-2
LCD Touch Screen Flow – IPv4 Settings, after First Boot
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Appendix B – LCD Network Configuration Screens
Figure B-3
94
LCD Touch Screen Flow – IPv6 Settings, after First Boot
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C
Cisco EnergyWise
Overview
In summary of Cisco EnergyWise: Summary and Concepts (white paper,
C11-568212.pdf), Cisco® EnergyWise creates a platform for managing the
energy usage of routers, switches, servers, and other datacenter-related
equipment using standard IOS-based mechanisms. Cisco EnergyWise can be
used to enforce enterprise-wide power management policies, gather power
metrics into user-friendly dashboards, and enable customers to gain control
over their power usage in both the datacenter and building infrastructure.
You can use the Cisco EnergyWise domain to manage equipment, such as
routers, switches, servers, and other datacenter-related equipment. In a
domain, a minimal deployment consists of at least three types of devices:
• Endpoint
An endpoint is a device that consumes or meters power, such as an
ePower PDU, that manages multiple loads, or an individual
Power-Over-Ethernet (PoE) device.
• Domain member
Domain members form the core of the Cisco EnergyWise domain,
and pass messages (“queries”) across the network. Typically, these
are routers, switches, or other core infrastructure equipment.
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Appendix C – Cisco EnergyWise
• Managers
Widely varied, managers can include the dashboards, query agents,
and other applications that provide a user interface into the Cisco
EnergyWise domain. One example of such a manager is the
Cisco Orchestrator, a dashboard application for Cisco EnergyWise.
Additional information regarding Cisco EnergyWise can be found on the
Cisco Web site, at www.cisco.com/go/energywise.
Integration with ePower
From the perspective of the Cisco EnergyWise domain, the ePower unit
is an endpoint that enables advanced power monitoring and control of
the individual loads connected to the ePower power outlets.
To enable integration with a Cisco EnergyWise domain:
1. Connect the ePower’s network port to an upstream domain member,
such as a Cisco Catalyst® switch.
2. Enable Cisco EnergyWise endpoint support for the ePower unit
(or other domain member).
NOTE Bold is used to represent Cisco EnergyWise-specific configuration
commands and prompts. Italic is used to represent variables.
Switch>enable
Switch#configure terminal
Switch(config)# energywise domain domainname security shared-secret 0 domainpw
Switch(config)# energywise endpoint security shared-secret 0 endpointpw
3. Using a Web browser, log in as an administrator-level user to the
ePower Web interface.
4. Select the Setup link from top-right navigation bar on the
Home page.
5. Select the Interfaces tab from the Setup page.
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Appendix C – Cisco EnergyWise
Figure C-1
ePower Setup Page, Interfaces Tab, Cisco EnergyWise Section
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Appendix C – Cisco EnergyWise
6. Scroll down the page to the section for Cisco EnergyWise (refer to
Figure C-1), then configure the agent.
a. Ensure that Enable Agent is selected.
b. Enter the domain and endpoint password configured on the Cisco
EnergyWise domain, represented by domainname and endpointpw
in the example above. If you choose to enable energywise endpoint
security none on the upstream Cisco EnergyWise domain member,
leave the Secret field on the ePower agent blank.
c. Enter the name of the ePower endpoint. If the Name field is left
blank, the name of the endpoint in the Cisco EnergyWise domain
is the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the ePower unit.
d. Enter the role of the ePower endpoint. This required field is
a textual description of the ePower unit’s role in the Cisco
EnergyWise domain, and is used only for management purposes.
The default value is generically Power Distribution.
e. Enter the keywords to use when filtering queries sent to the ePower
endpoint. This optional field is a comma-separated list of “tags” that
are sent with a Cisco EnergyWise query message, and used by the
endpoints for response filtering.
f. Select the ranking from the Importance drop-down list.
On a scale of 1 to 100, this compares the relative importance of
this ePower unit versus other EnergyWise endpoints in the Cisco
EnergyWise domain. This ranking is typically used as a filter
for policy-based network management. By convention, a lower
value (1) is less important than a higher value (100).
7. Select Save when finished.
The ePower endpoint agent starts and attempts communication
with the Cisco EnergyWise domain member. You can use the IOS
commands show energywise children and energywise query (shown in
Figure C-2) on the domain member, to verify that communication
is established.
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Appendix C – Cisco EnergyWise
ePower creates separate Cisco EnergyWise entities for itself and each
of the outlets on the ePower PDU. For example, on a 24-outlet ePower
PDU, there would be 25 entities listed in the Cisco EnergyWise domain.
The PDU entity’s properties are set by way of the configuration fields
in the Setup > Interfaces > Cisco EnergyWise section, described
above. The outlets’ properties are individually set by way of the
configuration fields available in each outlet’s overlay popup (which
can be found on the Home page, by clicking the outlet’s caption).
NOTE These settings can also found from the Command Line Interface
and Web Services as well.
The ePower PDU’s entity reflects the “overhead” that is needed to
run the PDU itself. This entity is in the CONSUMER category,
indicating that it is actually using the energy being reported by way of
Cisco EnergyWise, and is read-only in that it always uses a level of 10.
The ePower outlet entities are in the METER category with a class of
ACTUAL due to ePower’s billing-grade accuracy, and report the energy
being consumed by the equipment connected to the outlets. These
entities are read/write; setting the level to 0 results in the outlet being
turned Off, and setting the level to a non-zero value (1-10) results in
the outlet being turned On.
All Cisco EnergyWise attributes (name, keywords, importance, level,
and so forth) for the PDU itself and each of the outlets are
maintained separately.
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Appendix C – Cisco EnergyWise
Figure C-2
100
Querying ePower Data using Cisco EnergyWise
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D
Open Source Software
Several Cyber Switching products use open source software, including some
software licensed under the GNU Public License (GPL) and the Lesser GPL
(LGPL). Cyber Switching makes the source code for all open source software
and any modifications available, regardless of the open source licensed used,
in a manner that is in-line with the GPL and LGPL. This software is
provided “As Is” and for informational purposes only, with no express
nor implied warranties, endorsements, or representations of any kind.
All packages and modifications can be downloaded from:
epower.cyberswitching.com/sources/
To request a DVD of the source files and modifications, please send a check
payable to “Cyber Switching, Inc.” for US $45.00 to the address below. This
payment covers duplication, media, and postage costs. With the request,
please identify the Cyber Switching product(s) you are using, and write
“Open Source DVD Request” in the check’s memo field. Please allow
4 to 6 weeks for the DVD to be shipped. Any questions related to Cyber
Switching’s use of open source software can be sent to:
Cyber Switching, Inc.
ATTN: Open Source DVD Request
2050 Ringwood Avenue
San Jose, CA 95131 USA
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Appendix D – Open Source Software
GNU Public License v2.0
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
Preamble
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom
to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is
intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software-to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public
License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation’s software and
to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free
Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Lesser General Public
License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price.
Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the
freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if
you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you
can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and that
you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone
to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These
restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute
copies of the software, or if you modify it.
For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis
or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have.
You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code.
And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.
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Appendix D – Open Source Software
We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software,
and (2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to copy,
distribute and/or modify the software.
Also, for each author’s protection and ours, we want to make certain that
everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free software. If the
software is modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients
to know that what they have is not the original, so that any problems
introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors’ reputations.
Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents.
We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program
will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the program
proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent
must be licensed for everyone’s free use or not licensed at all.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and
modification follow.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION,
AND MODIFICATION
0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains
a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed
under the terms of this General Public License. The “Program”,
below, refers to any such program or work, and a “work based on the
Program” means either the Program or any derivative work under
copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a
portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated
into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without
limitation in the term “modification”.) Each licensee is addressed
as “you”.
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Appendix D – Open Source Software
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not
covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running
the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is
covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Program
(independent of having been made by running the Program).
Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program’s source
code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously
and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice
and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer
to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any
other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with
the Program.
You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you
may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.
2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it,
thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and distribute
such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above,
provided that you also meet all of these conditions:
a. You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating
that you changed the files and the date of any change.
b. You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in
whole or in part contains or is derived from the Program or any part
thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge to all third parties
under the terms of this License.
c. If the modified program normally reads commands interactively
when run, you must cause it, when started running for such
interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an
announcement including an appropriate copyright notice and a
notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide a
warranty) and that users may redistribute the program under these
conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of this License.
(Exception: if the Program itself is interactive but does not normally
print such an announcement, your work based on the Program
is not required to print an announcement.)
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Appendix D – Open Source Software
These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If
identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the Program,
and can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in
themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those
sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you
distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based
on the Program, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of
this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire
whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your
rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise
the right to control the distribution of derivative or collective works
based on the Program.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the
Program with the Program (or with a work based on the Program)
on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring
the other work under the scope of this License.
3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it,
under Section 2) in object code or executable form under the terms of
Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you also do one of the following:
a. Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable
source code, which must be distributed under the terms of
Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software
interchange; or,
b. Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three years,
to give any third party, for a charge no more than your cost
of physically performing source distribution, a complete
machine-readable copy of the corresponding source code,
to be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above
on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or,
c. Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer to
distribute corresponding source code. (This alternative is allowed
only for noncommercial distribution and only if you received the
program in object code or executable form with such an offer,
in accord with Subsection b above.)
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105
Appendix D – Open Source Software
The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for
making modifications to it. For an executable work, complete source
code means all the source code for all modules it contains, plus any
associated interface definition files, plus the scripts used to control
compilation and installation of the executable. However, as a special
exception, the source code distributed need not include anything that
is normally distributed (in either source or binary form) with the major
components (compiler, kernel, and so on) of the operating system on
which the executable runs, unless that component itself accompanies
the executable.
If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering access
to copy from a designated place, then offering equivalent access to
copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution
of the source code, even though third parties are not compelled
to copy the source along with the object code.
4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except
as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to
copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is void, and will
automatically terminate your rights under this License.
However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under
this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such
parties remain in full compliance.
5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed
it. However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute
the Program or its derivative works. These actions are prohibited by
law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or
distributing the Program (or any work based on the Program), you
indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and
conditions for copying, distributing or modifying the Program or works
based on it.
6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the
Program), the recipient automatically receives a license from the
original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the Program subject
to these terms and conditions. You may not impose any further
restrictions on the recipients’ exercise of the rights granted herein.
You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties
to this License.
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Appendix D – Open Source Software
7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent
infringement or for any other reason (not limited to patent issues),
conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or
otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not
excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot distribute
so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and
any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not
distribute the Program at all. For example, if a patent license would
not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Program by all those who
receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you
could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from
distribution of the Program.
If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any
particular circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply
and the section as a whole is intended to apply in other circumstances.
It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any
patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of any such
claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting the integrity of
the free software distribution system, which is implemented by public
license practices. Many people have made generous contributions to
the wide range of software distributed through that system in reliance
on consistent application of that system; it is up to the author/donor to
decide if he or she is willing to distribute software through any other
system and a licensee cannot impose that choice.
This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed
to be a consequence of the rest of this License.
8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain
countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original
copyright holder who places the Program under this License may
add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding those
countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries
not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the
limitation as if written in the body of this License.
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107
Appendix D – Open Source Software
9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new
versions of the General Public License from time to time. Such new
versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ
in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program
specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and
“any later version”, you have the option of following the terms and
conditions either of that version or of any later version published
by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify
a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever
published by the Free Software Foundation.
10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free
programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the
author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted by
the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation;
we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our decision will be guided by
the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives of our free
software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of software generally.
NO WARRANTY
11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE,
THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE
EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN
OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS
AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM “AS IS”
WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE
QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH
YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU
ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING,
REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
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Appendix D – Open Source Software
12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR
AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR
ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE
THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO
YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING
OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM
(INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA
BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY
YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM
TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH
HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
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