Clarke CL430 Specifications

METAL LATHE - CL430
&
LATHE/MILL DRILL - CL500M
OPERATING & MAINTENANCE
INSTRUCTIONS
1
1105
DISCLAIMER
This manual is intended to instruct the user on the operations peculiar to the
CL430 Lathe and CL500M Lathe/Mill Drill ONLY. Although some reference is made,
and advice given, regarding various metal turning techniques, it should not be
regarded as a general tutorial on the subject.
It is assumed that the user has some knowledge of machinery of this type, and is
familiar with metal turning and milling . If this is not the case, we strongly advise
that he/she seek advice from a qualified person.
2
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for purchasing this CLARKE Lathe.
Model CL430M comprises the lathe only, whereas the CL500M comprises the lathe
with Mill Head, making it a complete machine centre. Please note that it is not possible
to add a Mill Head to the CL430M, to convert it to a CL500M, at a later date.
The flat lathe bed is solidly constructed from cast iron giving it exceptional rigidity
and stability, making it an ideal tool for general turning operations.
A complete range of accessories is available from your Clarke dealer, such as a
Floor Stand with Drip Tray, Four Jaw Chuck, Steadies etc. Please see ‘Accessories’
on page 26 for full details.
It is most important that operators read this manual thoroughly before attempting
to use the machine. Please therefore ensure that this manual is kept in a safe place
and is readily accessible for reference purposes. Should the manual become lost
or defaced, contact your Clarke dealer or Clarke International Service Department
for a replacement.
It is also vital that the machine be maintained in perfect working order at all times
to ensure it performs satisfactorily. Ensure that the maintenance schedule is rigorously
enforced.
Similarly, the safety precautions, specified in this manual should be carefully followed
at all times, thereby ensuring the safety of not only the operator, but other persons
who may be in the vicinity.
By following these basic rules, you can look forward to long and satisfactory service
from your Clarke Lathe.
GUARANTEE
This product is guaranteed against faults in manufacture for 12 months from date
of purchase. Please keep your receipt as it will be required as proof of purchase.
This guarantee is invalid if the product has been found to have been abused or
tampered with in any way, or not used for the purpose for which it was intended.
The reason for return must be clearly stated.
This guarantee does not affect your statutory rights.
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
Guarantee ............................................................................................ 3
Specifications ....................................................................................... 5
General Safety Precautions ............................................................... 5
Additional Safety Rules for Metal Lathes .......................................... 7
Unpacking and Installation ................................................................ 8
Mounting the Mill Head ........................................... 10
List/ Description of Loose Parts ................................ 12
Electrical Connections ...................................................................... 13
Features .............................................................................................. 14
Component Layout .................................................. 14
The Headstock .......................................................... 15
The Running Gear ..................................................... 15
The Tailstock ............................................................... 15
The Saddle ................................................................. 15
The Mill Head ............................................................. 16
Preparation for Use ............................................................................ 17
Simple Turning ............................................................. 17
Using Power Feed ....................................................... 19
Bevel Cutting .............................................................. 19
Screw Cutting ............................................................. 20
Changing Gears for Screw Cutting ................................................. 21
Maintenance ..................................................................................... 23
Settings and Adjustments ................................................................. 24
3-Jaw Chuck - External Jaws ..................................... 25
Accessories ......................................................................................... 26
Spare Parts & Service ....................... see enclosed parts list booklet.
4
SPECIFICATIONS
LATHE
Motor .................................................................... 230VAC, 50Hz, 1 Phase
Power Rating ............................................... 3/4HP
Fuse Rating .................................................. 13Amps
Distance Between Centres ................................. 430mm
Centre Height ....................................................... 150mm
Max. Work Diameter over Bed ........................... 305mm
Max. Work Diameter over Cross Slide ............... 172mm
Spindle Bore ......................................................... 26mm
Spindle Taper ....................................................... No.4 MT
Tailstock Taper ..................................................... No.3 MT
Spindle Speeds .................................................... 6 (170 to 1630 RPM)
Overall Dimensions (LxWxH) .............................. 1100x600x405mm
Overall Dimensions with Mill Drill attached ....... 1100x600x880mm
Weight ................................................................... 129kg
Weight with Mill Drill attached ............................ 164kg
Screw Threads - Imperial .................................... 20 (11 - 40 TPI)
Metric ....................................... 14 (0.5 - 3.0mm pitch)
MILL DRILL
Drill capacity ....................................................... 13mm
Spindle Column ................................................... 175mm
Spindle Nose to Table ......................................... 150 - 320mm
Spindle to Bed ...................................................... 212 - 382mm
Spindle Stroke ...................................................... 92mm
Spindle Taper ....................................................... No.3 MT (with Draw Bar)
Spindle Speeds .................................................... 12 (130 - 1660)
Table Size.............................................................. 200x150mm
T-Slots .................................................................... 12mm
CL430 Part No. ...................................................... 7610800
CL500M Part No. .................................................. 7610300
Please note that the details and specifications contained herein, are correct at the time of going to print. However, CLARKE International reserve
the right to change specifications at any time without prior notice.
5
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
FOR OPERATING MACHINERY
CAUTION
As with all machinery, there are certain hazards involved with their operation
and use. Exercising respect and caution will considerably lessen the risk of
personal injury. However, if normal safety precautions are overlooked or
ignored, personal injury to the operator or damage to machinery may result.
1. KNOW YOUR MACHINE. Read the manual carefully. Learn the machines applications
and limitations, as well as the specific potential hazards peculiar to it.
2. KEEP GUARDS IN PLACE and in working order.
3. EARTH ALL MACHINES. If the machine is equipped with three-pin plug, it should
be plugged into a three-pin electrical socket. Never remove the earth pin.
4. REMOVE ALL ADJUSTING KEYS AND WRENCHES. Form the habit of checking to
ensure that keys, wrenches and tools, are removed from the machine.
5. KEEP WORK AREA CLEAN. Cluttered areas and benches invite accidents.
6. DON’T USE IN DANGEROUS ENVIRONMENT. Don’t use machinery in damp or
wet locations, or expose them to rain. Keep work area well lit.
7. MAKE WORKSHOP CHILDPROOF - with padlocks, master switches or by removing
starter keys.
8. KEEP CHILDREN AND VISITORS AWAY. All children and visitors should be kept a
safe distance from work area
9. DON’T FORCE THE MACHINE. It will do the job better and safer, at the rate for
which it was designed.
10. USE THE RIGHT TOOL. Don’t force a tool or attachment to do a job for which it
was not designed.
11. WEAR PROPER APPAREL. Loose clothing, gloves, neckties, rings, bracelets, or
other jewellery may get caught in moving parts. Nonslip footwear is
recommended. Long hair should be contained.
12. USE SAFETY GLASSES. Everyday eyeglasses only have impact resistant lenses,
they are NOT safety glasses.
13. DON’T OVERREACH. Keep proper footing and balance at all times.
14. MAINTAIN TOOLS IN TOP CONDITION. Keep tools sharp and clean for best and
safest performance. Follow instructions for lubricating and changing accessories.
15. ALWAYS DISCONNECT THE MACHINE before servicing or changing accessories.
17. CHECK FOR DAMAGE. If any part of the machine, (eg. A cover or guard) is
damaged, it should be carefully inspected to ensure that it can perform its
intended function correctly. If in doubt, the part should be renewed. Damage to
moving parts or major components should be Inspected by a qualified technician
before operating the machine. Contact your local dealer for advice.
6
18. DO NOT STAND ON THE MACHINE. Serious injury could occur if the machine is
tipped over. Do not store materials above or near the machine such that it is
necessary to stand on the machine to get to them.
19. NEVER operate a machine when under the influence of alcohol, drugs or
medication.
20. ALWAYS ENSURE THAT ADEQUATE LIGHTING is available. A minimum intensity of
300 lux should be provided. Ensure that lighting is placed so that you will not be
working in your own shadow.
ADDITIONAL SAFETY RULES FOR METAL LATHES
WARNING:
THIS MACHINE MUST NOT BE MODIFIED OR USED FOR ANY PURPOSE OTHER THAN
THAT FOR WHICH IT IS DESIGNED.
1.
IMPORTANT: You should not operate this machine unless you are thoroughly
familiar with metal turning lathes and turning techniques. If there is any doubt
whatsoever, you should consult a qualified person.
2.
Do not operate the machine until it is completely assembled, and this entire
manual, has been read and understood.
3.
Ensure the proper electrical regulations are followed, and that the machine is
properly earthed.
4.
a. Ensure all chuck keys, spanners and wrenches are removed from the
machine.
b. Examine the setup carefully, ensuring that nothing could possibly interfere
with the rotating workpiece.
c. Ensure the tool post is secure and the cutting tool is adjusted to the correct
height.
d. Ensure your clothing is properly adjusted.
e. Ensure the workpiece is properly secured.
5.
Make all adjustments with the power OFF.
6.
ALWAYS cut at correct speed for the size and type of material being worked.
(Refer to a suitable Turning Manual for cutting speeds)
7.
NEVER leave the lathe unattended whilst it is running.
8.
When you have finished with machine, always remove and store the cutting
tools.
9.
When using a coolant, On no account must suds be allowed to enter the
electrical system.
7
UNPACKING & INSTALLATION
Mounting the Lathe
On receipt, carefully remove the wooden casing to expose the lathe.
Fig.1
Fig.1, shows model CL500M. Model CL430 is similar, but does not include the Mill Head
- shown at ‘A’. CL430 users should therefore ignore all reference to the Mill Head .
Inspect to ensure that no damage was suffered during transit. Should any damage
be apparent, please contact your Clarke dealer immediately.
•
Carefully remove the Mill Head Pulley Cover ‘B’.
•
The Mill Head is shown at A, and is secured with a rod - C. Undo the nut, on the
threaded rod, and remove completely so that the mill head can be lifted free.
Place it carefully to one side, noting that it is connected to the lathe by an
electric cable. Take great care not to damage the bevel gears within the head.
•
Remove the wooden box - E, which contains loose parts, as described below.
•
Undo the nuts securing the two straps, one of which is shown at D, the other on
the diagonally opposite lifting handle, and remove the straps completely.
The lathe is now free to be lifted.
NOTE: For ease of installation, you may prefer to free the mill head by disconnecting
the cable attached to the mill head microswitch, slackening off the cable clamps
and withdrawing the cable completely.
Ensure you take note of the positioning of the spade connectors on the microswitch
before you disconnect.
•
-
Four retractable handles are provided to ease manoeuvrability, but it is strongly
recommended that a sling be used, on the handles, to raise the lathe with a suitable
hoist in order to be located on a strong sturdy workbench or optional Floor Stand.
CAUTION The weight (129kg - 285lbs) is concentrated at the headstock end
take the necessary precautions when lifting.
8
•
Four holes are provided in the bed, for mounting purposes. Use suitable M10 bolts
(not supplied) with flat washers, ensuring they are tight. At the leadscrew side of
the bed, it will be necessary to thread the mounting bolts up through the bed
then screw on the washers and nuts.
NOTES: Ensure the location is adequately lit and that you will not be working in your
own shadow. Ensure an adequate power supply is close at hand. DO NOT allow cables
to trail on a workshop floor. Ensure there is adequate room for safe working.
An optional floor stand complete with drip tray, specially designed for this product,
is available from your CLARKE dealer. Bolt the lathe to the stand ensuring bolts are
fully tightened. If the stand is not used, then the lathe should be mounted on a strong,
heavy workbench, of sufficient height so that you do not need to bend your back to
perform normal operations.
The lathe should be at a suitable height so that the operator does not need to
bend forward when operating. It should also be perfectly level and flat, using shims
where necessary to ensure it is. Do not tighten bolts if the lathe is not sitting flat on
its mounting surface, as this will tend to twist the bed.
When the lathe is secure, proceed to remove all traces of preservative with paraffin
or white spirits and lightly oil all machined surfaces.
•
You will notice that, for transit purposes, the Cross Slide Feed handle and the Saddle
Feed handle have been mounted in reverse - see Figs. 2 & 3. Remove them by
unscrewing the domed nuts securing them and mount the correct way round, then
turn all feed handles to ensure they are free and move evenly and smoothly.
Fig.2
•
Fig.3
Slacken the two nuts securing the
compound slide to its base (see Fig.4) and
turn the slide through 90 degrees so that it
is in line with the bed as shown in Fig. 4.
Secure when the mark on its side lines up
with the zero mark on the scale (arrowed).
All adjustments are factory set to ensure
smooth movement in both directions of all
components. If however the adjustments
have been upset during transit, indicated
by stiff or erratic movement, refer to
‘Settings and Adjustments’ on page 24.
9
Fig.4
•
Fit the Chuck Guard according to Fig.5.
Fig.5
CL500M: Remove the transit screw in
the base of the Mill Head from the
position arrowed at ‘B’, (if fitted).
Secure the Stop Bar ‘A’ with the screw
and flat washer ‘B’ found in the guard kit.
The screw attached to the Guard ’C’ is threaded through the remaining
hole in the stop bar, and screwed into
the headstock....note the rounded
end of the stop bar is at the guard
pivot end...or to the right side.
Mounting the Mill Head
Remove the protective greased paper from the headstock mounting, and ensure
the surface is clean and undamaged.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Carefully raise the Mill Head, noting that the plastic lower pulley cover is not fully
secured at this stage and is vulnerable. Very carefully lower the head on to its
mounting on the headstock. Secure with the four Hex socket head screws provided.
If the cable to the microswitch has been disconnected, it should now be
replaced and the cable secured in the clamps on the side of the mill head.
You will note that cable is secured with a clamp plate, adjacent to the pulley.
similar clamp is provided in the box of loose parts, and this should be screwed
in place adjacent to the Driven Pulley so that the lower pulley cover is properly
secured. Do not overtighten as this
will distort the cover.
Both clamps are arrowed in Fig. 6
Slip the drive belt over the pulleys in the
manner shown in Fig 6.
Slacken the nut securing the belt
tension roller as shown in Fig.7)
sufficient for the roller to be moved
inwards, in the direction of the arrow,
thereby applying tension to the belt.
Retighten the nut when the belt
may be deflected by approx. 1/2
inch, when applying reasonable
pressure, in the middle of its run
between the pulleys.
Place the pulley cover in position and
secure with the large knob provided.
Fig.6
Fig.7
NOTE: It is important to ensure that the
microswitch is activated when the cover
is in place. If you do not hear an audible click when the cover is lowered into
place, you must remove the cover and raise the microswitch, on the rod, until a
click is heard when the cover is replaced. Ensure the microswitch is properly secured.
10
Fig.8
•
Slide the Arbor into the spindle
and push home - fully (Fig.8)......
Fig.9
.....then screw the Draw Bar (‘A’Fig.9),
down through the spindle and into
the arbor - fully.
Secure by tightening the locknut (‘B’
Fig.9).
•
The chuck may now be located on the morse tapered arbor. Tap home using a
block of wood ONLY.
•
Screw the Spindle Cover (‘C’ Fig.9) into the pulley cover and place the cap on top
•
Screw the two handles (‘C’ Fig.10) into the spindle feed hub and tighten.
Fig.10
A .... Spindle Feed Dog Clutch
B ..... Spindle Microfeed Handle
C .... Spindle Feed Handle
D ..... Mill Head Raising Lever
E ..... Mill Head Locking Lever
F ..... Spindle Locking Lever
G .... Drive Belt Adjuster
H ..... Spindle Sleeve Locating Peg
NOTE: A locking lever (‘E’ Fig.10) secures the Mill Head. By slackening the lever, the
Mill Head may be rotated about the Headstock - convenient for moving it out of
the way during turning operations.
11
•
Fit the Chuck Guard as follows:
Fig.11
a. Unscrew and remove the spindle
sleeve locating peg from the front of
the mill head shown at ‘H’, Fig. 10.
b. Screw the Guard Support assembly
(‘A’ Fig. 11) - to be found in the box of
loose parts, into the hole vacated by the
locating peg, until it binds. Back off
approx. one quarter of a turn and lock in
place with the locknut. The support
bar should be perpendicular, as shown.
c. The screw attached to the guard should
be screwed into the underside of the
support rod and locked in place.
The guard may be raised or lowered on
the bar as required.
The following is a list of items to be found in
the box of loose parts
Loose Items
Fig.12
A
D.
G.
J.
M.
P.
S.
Centre
External Jaws
Set (4) Hex. Wrenches
Drift
4x Drive Belts
Spanners. 8,10,17 & 19mm
3-Jaw Chuck Guard Fittings
B.
F.
H.
K.
N.
Q.
T.
Tailstock Centre
Mill Head Cover Clamp w/screw
Drill Chuck
Set (13) Gear Wheels
4x Levers
Drill Chuck Guard
3-Jaw Chuck Guard Support
12
C.
E.
I.
L.
O.
R.
U.
Arbor
3-Jaw Chuck Key
Drill Chuck Key
4xHex. Skt. Head Screws
2x Levers (large)
3-Jaw Chuck Guard
Spindle Cover & Cap
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
CAUTION!
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO USE THE MACHINE UNTIL INSTALLATION IS COMPLETED, AND ALL
PRELIMINARY CHECKS HAVE BEEN MADE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS MANUAL.
Connect the mains lead to a standard, 230 Volt (50Hz) electrical supply through an
approved 13 amp BS 1363 plug, or a suitably fused isolator switch.
WARNING! THIS APPLIANCE MUST BE EARTHED
IMPORTANT: The wires in the mains lead are coloured in accordance with the
following code:
Green & Yellow - Earth
Blue
-
Neutral
Brown
-
Live
As the colours of the flexible lead of this appliance may not correspond with the
coloured markings identifying terminals in your plug proceed as follows:
•
Connect GREEN & YELLOW coloured cord to plug terminal marked with a
letter “E” or Earth symbol “
” or coloured GREEN or GREEN & YELLOW.
•
Connect BROWN cord to plug terminal marked with a letter “L” or coloured RED.
•
Connect BLUE cord to plug terminal marked with a letter “N” or coloured BLACK.
If this appliance is fitted with a plug which is moulded onto the electric cable (i.e.
non-wireable) please note:
1. The plug must be thrown away if it is cut from the electric cable. There is a
danger of electric shock if it is subsequently inserted into a socket outlet.
2. Never use the plug without the fuse cover fitted.
3. Should you wish to replace a detachable fuse carrier, ensure that the correct
replacement is used (as indicated by marking or colour code).
4. Replacement fuse covers can be obtained from your local dealer or most
electrical stockists.
5. The fuse in the plug must be replaced with one of the same rating (13amps)
and this replacement must be ASTA approved to BS1362.
The Lathe, with Mill Head, is now ready for use, but before proceeding, it is
strongly advised that operators familiarise themselves with all controls,
methods of operation, and the machines limitations. These are described
in the following chapters.
13
FEATURES
Fig.13
1
Mill Head
17
Compound Slide Feed Handle
2
Mill Head Locking Lever
18
Cross Slide
3
Mill Head Elevating Lever
19
Saddle
3a
Mill Head Elevating Collar
20
Cross Slide Feed Handle
4
Pulley Cover securing Knob
21
Leadscrew
5
Spindle Cover (2-part)
22
Leadscrew Locking Lever
6
Spindle Micro Feed Knob
23
Saddle Feed Handle.
7
Spindle Feed Clutch
24
Tailstock
8
Drill Chuck
25
Tailstock Spindle Feed Handle
9
Drill Chuck Guard Support
26
Tailstock Spindle
10
Chuck Guard
27
Tailstock Centre
11
Headstock
28
Tailstock Locking Lever
12
3-Jaw Chuck Guard
29
Saddle Auto Feed Lever
13
3-Jaw Chuck
30
2-Speed Lever
14
Motor
31
ON Button
15
Compound Slide
32
OFF Button
16
Tool Post Locking Lever
33
Forward/Reverse Switch
14
THE HEADSTOCK
The Motor drives the spindle via drive belts, which may be configured to provide 6 speeds.
A three jaw self centering chuck is fitted, and may be removed by unscrewing the
three bolts securing it to the spindle flange, so that optional accessories may be
used, such as a Face Plate for use with the MT4 Centre provided, or an independent
4-Jaw chuck.
Three external jaws are supplied to extend the capacity of the 3-jaw chuck. The
method of assembly is described on page 25.
THE RUNNING GEAR
- RE: FIG. 14
Fig.14
The running gear is protected by a cover,
the door of which must always be in place.
A microswitch is activated when the door
is opened, preventing the machine from
operating.
Drive is transmitted to the spindle via drive
belts, and to the leadscrew via a gear train.
The methods of changing gears in order
to provide different feed rates are
described on pages 21 and 22.
Drive is also transmitted to the Mill Head
by operating a Dog Clutch, shown in Fig.14.
Pushing IN drives the Mill Head, pulling OUT
drives the lathe spindle.
THE TAILSTOCK
The Tailstock may be moved along the bed to any desired position and is secured
using the lever on its side. The Tailstock spindle is provided with an internal No.3
Morse Taper for use with the Centre provided, A Revolving Centre and Drill Chuck
are also available from your Clarke dealer. (See Accessories on page 26).
It is also possible to remove the Tailstock completely, which may be necessary for
milling large pieces. Take great care, when doing so, the retain the ‘Jib Strip’ which
will drop away on removal. This is discussed on page 24.
THE SADDLE - incorporating the Cross Slide and Compound Slide
The Saddle carries the Cross-Slide on to which is mounted the Compound Slide with Tool
Post. It may be driven by the Leadscrew to provide automatic feed when the Auto Feed
lever is operated.
The position of the tool is effected by turning the cross-slide feed handle which
moves it across the bed and the saddle feed handle, which moves it longitudinally.
Additionally the compound slide feed handle may be used to move the tool by
small amounts at right angles to the cross-slide, allowing intricate and delicate
operations to be performed. The slide may also be set at an angle to the cross-slide
so that short tapers or bevels may be cut. This is described in greater detail under
‘Bevel Cutting’ on page 19.
15
The cross-slide and compound slide feeds are provided with a scale. These are
used to move the tool by precise amounts - one division being equivalent to 0.001”
(0.025mm). As the feed handle is turned, so does the scale. The scale on the crossslide feed may also be held stationary whilst the handle is turned, allowing the
scale to be ‘zeroed’. The manner in which this is put to use is discussed in greater
detail under ‘Operation’.
The tool post carries 8 hex socket head screws which are used to secure a cutting
tool in any desired position. Four may be mounted for convenience and to speed
up your operation.
The tool post is rotated by slackening the lever on its top, sufficient for the post to
be lifted slightly and then turned to the desired position.
ALWAYS ensure the post, and hence the tool, is secured by screwing down the
lever firmly before attempting to cut.
The Compound Slide may be removed completely so that a workpiece may be
bolted to the machined surface of the Cross Slide, for milling purposes, using the ‘T’
slots provided. A 12 piece T-nut and bolt set is available from your CLARKE dealer.
Alternatively, a Vice (supplied) may be bolted to the Cross Slide, using the T-slots, in
order to secure a workpiece.
The saddle may be locked in place, using the Leadscrew Locking lever, 22 Fig.13.
This is useful when facing or cutting tapers, where the cross slide or compound slide
only, is used. Under these conditions, care must be taken to ensure the saddle
auto feed lever is disengaged.
THE MILL HEAD
(Re: Fig 13)
The Mill Head spindle is driven when the dog clutch, within the running gear, (see
Fig.16) is pushed INWARDS. 6 Speeds are available from the pulley system, which is
increased to 12 via a 2-speed pulley system, mounted on top of the Mill Head. The
pulley cover must always be in place and the microswitch, within, MUST operate
when the cover is lowered, otherwise it will not be possible to operate the machine.
The complete Mill Head assembly may be rotated about the Headstock by
slackening the locking lever - 2. Take care when rotating to ensure the 3-jaw chuck
guard is fully lowered, otherwise damage to it could occur.
Additionally, the head assembly may be raised, to increase its capacity, by turning
the Elevating Collar - 3a, clockwise, (it will be tight to begin with), using the levers
provided. When lowering, simply turn the collar anticlockwise whilst pressing down
on the head.
The spindle is provided with an internal No.3 Morse taper. An Arbor is supplied for
use with the Drill Chuck (also supplied), or Mill Chucks and other accessories available
from your Clarke dealer (see Accessories).
Spindle feed is controlled using either the feed levers or the micro feed knob. A
clutch -7, on the spindle feed hub, when pushed fully inwards engages the drive to
the micro feed knob. When pulled outwards, drive is transmitted to the feed handles.
NOTE: As the clutch may be tight, It may be necessary to ‘jiggle’ the feed levers in
order to pull OUT or push IN the clutch.
The Chuck Guard must always be in place when the Mill Head is in use, positioned
so as to provide maximum protection against flying swarf.
16
PREPARATION FOR USE
A. SIMPLE TURNING
The following notes are guidelines as to how to set up the lathe in order to carry out
a simple turning operation.
ALWAYS plan your work. Have drawings or a plan on hand together with any
measuring instruments you may require, such as micrometers/verniers/callipers etc.
1. Set Spindle speed
Determine the speed required for the job in hand,
and, consulting the chart on the inside of the running
gear cover door, duplicated in Fig.15, arrange the
drive belts in order to achieve that speed.
Fig.15
Ensure the drive belts are correctly tensioned.
If two belts are used
(positions C, D and E), then
tension the Idler pulley first
by slackening the securing
nut at the rear of the
casing and applying
tension so that the belt
may be deflected by
approx. one half inch in
the middle of its run, when
using reasonable pressure.
Belt
Position
Speed
RPM
C
160
D
250
E
400
F
630
G
1000
H
1600
The Motor pulley is tensioned by adjusting the tensioner
on the motor. Tension should be similar the that provided
by the Idler Pulley.
Take care when positioning the belts, that they do not
twist.
It is strongly recommended that the Idler pulley be
removed completely for configurations F, G and H.
Ensure the Dog Clutch is pulled out fully, then turn it by
hand to ensure the drive is transmitted to the headstock
spindle.
NOTE: Positions A & B are
those at the Mill Head.
Fig.16
Dog Clutch pulled OUT
for Lathe Spindle operation
Dog Clutch pushed IN
for Lathe Mill Head operation
17
2. Mount the Cutting Tool
Select a cutting tool that will produce the desired cut and mount it in the Tool
Rest, with as little overhang as possible, securing it using three hex socket head
screws. (Ideally, the overhang should be approx. 10 mm but not more than
15mm for a straight tool).
It is IMPORTANT to ensure that the tip of the
cutting tool is on the centre line of the work,
or very slightly below it. On no account
should it be above the centre line. Where
necessary shims should be used beneath the
tool in order to achieve the correct height,
or, if the tip is too high, the only recourse is to
select another tool or grind down the tip.
Fig.17
To check to ensure the tip is at the correct
height, position the tool so that the tip is
almost touching the point of the tailstock
centre, see Fig.15. They should coincide. If
necessary make adjustments using shims,
grind down the cutting tool tip or select
another tool.
3. Mount the Workpiece
Mount the work either in the chuck or on a faceplate, and if necessary, use the
tailstock centre for additional support (If the work cannot be adequately
secured by the chuck, or if it is a long piece, or of small diameter).
Additionally, ‘Steadies’ may be used which are shown in ‘Accessories’.
If the Tailstock is not to be used, you may remove it completely by turning the
locking lever at its base, and sliding it free of the bed. Take care to retain the
Jib Strip which will fall away when the Tailstock is lifted free.
The setup is now complete to begin your cutting operation, but before starting,
check the position of:
Fig.18
a. Saddle Auto Feed lever (29 Fig.13). Ensure it is
in the 3 o’clock position for manual feed.
b. The 2-Speed lever (30 Fig.13) is in the upright neutral position, unless auto feed is to be used.
If this is the case, select the appropriate
speed/feed rate.
2-Speed Lever
4. Starting
Plug the machine into the mains ensuring nothing can possibly interfere with
the workpiece or chuck, and that the Forward/Reverse button, beneath the
Yellow cover on the Switch Box, is switched to Forward
Switch the machine ON by pressing the GREEN button Marked ‘I’.
18
B. SIMPLE TURNING WITH POWER FEED
The same basic setup is used as for simple turning, except that, before starting,
the 2-Speed Lever is set to either 1 or 2 in order to provide the desired feed rate.
CAUTION: NEVER attempt to change speeds whilst the machine is operating.
As mentioned previously, the rotational speed of the leadscrew, and hence
the rate of feed of the tool, is dependant upon the gear train configuration.
The feed rate for normal turning is considerably less than that used for screw
cutting. The lathe is factory configured for normal turning, however, if you have
been screw cutting, always remember to reset the gear configuration to that
for normal turning. Please refer to the chart on page 21 which shows the gear
configurations, together with an explanation of how to change gears.
1. With the cutting tool at right angles to the workpiece, wind the cross-slide
so that the cutting tool tip JUST touches the work surface.
2. Hold the cross-slide handle still whilst turning the scale so that it registers
zero, then, using the saddle feed handle. Move the cutting tool so that it is
somewhere to the right of the work
3. Advance the cutting tool, using the cross-slide handle, the requisite number of
graduations to produce the desired depth of cut. 1 graduation = 0.001 inches.
4. Taking all precautions previously mentioned and ensuring there are no
potential obstacles to the rotating workpiece, switch the machine ON
5. Engage the auto feed by moving the lever towards the 12 o’clock position.
At this point the cutting tool will begin its travel towards the chuck - be
ready to disengage the auto feed quickly by knocking the lever firmly to
the 3 o’clock position.
NOTE: Always stop short of an intended shoulder - which should always be finished
manually, by switching the machine OFF. If you require a shoulder with perfectly
clean corners, then you need to use an appropriately shaped tool.
6. Retract the tool by one or two complete turns on the cross-slide feed, then
wind the saddle so that the tool is at the start point once again.
Advance the tool to its original position, using the scale, then advance it
further by the required depth of cut. When ready, re-engage the auto feed
and proceed to take another cut.
NOTE: You may notice considerable backlash on the screw threads, this is quite
normal and should not cause alarm.
C. BEVEL CUTTING Re: Fig. 19
Bevel cutting involves the use of the compound slide, which is mounted on the
cross-slide and set at right angles to it for all normal cutting operations. This is
indicated by the zero mark, on the scale, lining up with the mark etched on the
body of the cross-slide.
To set the compound slide so that the cutting tool will cut a bevel, slacken the
two screws, securing the compound slide to the cross slide, sufficient to allow
the compound slide to be turned to the desired angle, as indicated on the
scale. Secure the slide in this position by re-tightening the securing screws.
19
The taper, or bevel, is cut by setting the cross
slide appropriately then using the compound
slide feed handle to advance the cutting tool
in the direction of the arrow as shown in Fig.18.
Fig.19
D. SCREW CUTTING
This operation requires a degree of skill and
accuracy, and should not be attempted
unless you are completely familiar with all
aspects of the lathe.
Essentially, the saddle will move towards the
headstock under power, the same as
cutting using auto feed, except the rate of
feed is greater, as determined by the gear
configuration. The cutting tool therefore, is
moving ever closer to the rotating chuck.
Great care and concentration must be exercised therefore, to ensure that the two
do not meet when the machine is operating, as this could be disastrous.
Imperial Threads in a range from 11 to 40 threads per inch, and Metric threads with
a pitch of 0.5 to 3mm may be cut. It is important to remember that the type of
thread you need to cut, i.e. Metric, UNF, BA, BSP, BSW etc., will be totally dependant
upon the cutting tool profile, as profiles differ from thread to thread. .
For detailed information regarding screw cutting techniques, cutting tools etc.,
you should consult a suitable handbook or obtain advice from a qualified person.
The general procedure for screw cutting is as follows:
1. Try to get as much distance from the chuck to the end of the proposed screw
thread as possible, and if your design allows, cut a ‘run-off’ into the work which
is of a smaller diameter than the root diameter of the proposed screw thread.
NOTE: that for long threads it may be necessary to use steadies.
2. Install the appropriate gears for the thread required, and correctly mount the
cutting tool. Set your required depth of cut, in the same manner as that for
normal turning, and position the tool well to the right of the workpiece.
NOTE: Depth of cut is vitally important and may be calculated or obtained from an
appropriate reference manual. Bear in mind that more than one pass may be necessary
3. Taking all necessary precautions previously stated, and ensuring the FORWARD/
REVERSE switch is in the FORWARD position, start the machine with the power
feed lever in its’ disengaged (3 o’clock) position.
4. When ready, engage the power feed and prepare to switch OFF the machine
as the cutting tool approaches the end of the intended screw thread.
When the machine has stopped, continue to wind the tool forward by turning
the chuck by hand to complete the thread.
5. Switch the FORWARD/REVERSE switch to REVERSE and switch ON the lathe. The
cutting tool will move back towards the start point. DO NOT TOUCH THE
CROSS-SLIDE HANDLE. Switch OFF again at the end of the thread.
6. Switch back to FORWARD, increase the depth of cut, as required, then switch
ON again to take another cut.
20
CHANGING GEARS FOR SCREW CUTTING
The leadscrew is driven via a gear train, The gear ratio will therefore determine the
rotational speed of the leadscrew with relation to the spindle. i.e. one turn of the
spindle will turn the leadscrew an amount determined by the gear ratio.
By setting the gears to a known ratio, we can therefore produce threads to a known size.
As previously mentioned, the actual thread produced will be totally dependant
upon the profile of the cutting tool. It is not within the scope of this manual to
provide detailed information regarding types of cutting tool, cutting speeds and
working with various types of material etc., and it is strongly advised that you consult
appropriate handbooks or seek advice from a qualified person.
The chart below shows the thread sizes that may be cut using the gear
configuration shown in the corresponding columns.
Turning (Factory Set)
Fig.20
0.075
0.15
0.5
1
A
B
C
D
30
60
27
42
Metric Thread
50
40
49
42
0.6
60
40
42
36
0.7
56
42
49
32
0.75
1.5
60
36
42
32
56
32
48
36
1.75
60
36
49
32
2
60
36
56
32
0.8
1
1.25
2.5
63
32
50
27
1.5
3
63
32
60
27
Imperial Thread
22
11
60
33
50
27
24
12
60
36
50
27
26
13
60
39
50
27
28
14
60
42
50
27
30
15
56
42
50
27
32
16
60
48
50
27
34
17
60
51
50
27
36
18
50
54
60
27
38
19
50
57
60
27
40
20
50
36
56
27
21
NOTE: Fig. 21 shows a gear configuration for simple turning.
A - 30
B - 60
C - 27
To cut 12 TPI, Imperial Thread, use
D - 63
60T at position A,
36T at position B
50T at position C
27T at position D
In order to change the gears, ensure the machine is switched OFF and disconnected
from the mains supply.
Re: Fig. 21
Open the door to the gear train.
Fig.21
1. Unscrew the hex socket head screw - 6,
allowing the gear train to drop so that
gear B becomes disengaged from
gear A - as shown.
2. To change gear A, remove the
circlip - 1 and pull off the gear.
Replace ensuring the boss faces
towards you.
3. To change gears C and B, remove
the circlip -2 and pull off the gears.
Replace ensuring the bosses - 5
face towards you.
4. To change gear D, unscrew and
remove the securing nut and pull off
the flat washer 3, distance piece 4,
and the gear. Replace in reverse
order.
5. Re-engage gears A and B and
tighten the Hex socket head screw
- 6, ensuring a little backlash is
evident between the gears.
Note: Backlash should be as little as possible without being over tight. (Turn the
spindle by hand to test for backlash).
6. Replace the door
NOTE: The machine will not run with the cover removed.
22
MAINTENANCE
For maximum performance, it is essential that the lathe is properly maintained.
BEFORE USE
Always inspect before use. Any damage should be repaired and maladjustments
rectified. Damage to machined surfaces should be repaired with an oil stone. Test
by hand to ensure smooth operation of all parts before use.
Inject a few drops of oil to the oilways 1 - 8 Fig. 22.
Fig.22
AFTER USE
Remove all swarf from the machine and thoroughly clean all surfaces. If coolant
has been used, ensure it has completely drained from the tray, if used, and all
components are completely dry.
All machined surfaces should be lightly oiled.
Always remove cutting tools, and store in a safe place.
WEEKLY
Leadscrew and Mill Head Spindle should be oiled weekly.
Check oil level on sight glass, 9, Fig.22 and top up where necessary with gear oil.
Remove the filler plug, located directly above the Motor Adjuster, and fill so that
the oil level is midway across the sight glass.
23
SETTINGS AND ADJUSTMENTS
Occasionally, it may be necessary to readjust various components in order to maintain
optimum performance. The adjustments that may be performed are as follows:
A. Compound Slide Adjustments
The cross-slide is mounted on a dovetail slide, as shown in Fig. 23. Between the
sloping surfaces on one side of the dovetail, a ‘jib strip’ is inserted, which may be
tightened against the dovetail under the influence of adjuster, or ’jib’ screws,
mounted along its’ length.
The jib screws are to be found on the left hand side of the slide. In time, wear will
occur on the mating surfaces resulting in a ‘sloppiness’ of action.
To adjust the jib strip, to account for wear and ensure the slide moves evenly and
smoothly, proceed as follows:
1. Slacken off all lock nuts and screw
in the jib screws evenly, i.e. use the
same torque for each screw. The
slide should be held firmly. Test by
trying to turn the handle, but do
not force it.
Fig.23
2. Screw out each jib screw by one
quarter of a turn ONLY, and nip up
the lock nuts
3. Test again, by turning the handle. The
movement should be even and smooth along its complete length.
4. If the movement is too slack, screw all adjusters ‘in’ by one eighth of a turn, and
retry. Similarly, if the movement is too stiff, screw ‘out’ the adjusters by one
eighth of a turn until the correct adjustment is attained.
5
Tighten all lock nuts taking care to ensure you do not move the jib screws whilst
doing so.
6. When completed, retract the slide fully and apply oil to all mating surfaces and
the feed screw thread, then wind the slide back to its normal position.
B. Cross-slide Feed Handle
The cross-slide feed should run smoothly, and the scale must rotate with the handle.
If any stiffness occurs, it is probably the result of swarf lodging between the mating
surfaces. Undo the securing hex. socket head screw securing the handle. Remove
the handle and pull off the collar with the scale. Take care to retain the small spring
plate which sits in a groove beneath the collar.
Tip - Turn the shaft anticlockwise so that a small gap occurs between the mating
surfaces, sufficient for small levers to be inserted. It will be quite stiff initially so care
must be taken not to cause damage to mating surfaces when prising it off.
Clean the assembly and reassemble in reverse order ensuring the spring plate is
correctly positioned.
24
C. Cross-slide Adjustments
Cross slide adjustments are made in the same way as those for the compound
slide. The jib screws however are hex socket head screws and are to be found on
the right hand side of the slide, i.e. facing the tailstock.
NOTE:
It is important that the cross-slide and compound slide adjustments are correctly carried
out and that there is no ‘sloppiness’ of action. Any maladjustments will have a serious
effect on the quality of your work, as they will all be transferred to the tool tip.
It is vital that there is as little movement of the tool as possible.
D. Fitting External Jaws - 3-Jaw Chuck
To change the jaws, insert the chuck key and open the jaws to their fullest extent.
It will then be possible to remove each jaw in turn.
Replace them with the external jaws, noting the following.
The thread segments of the jaws are progressively ‘stepped’ as shown in Fig 24.
They are also numbered 1 to 3. This is to take into account the lead of the screw
thread within the chuck. It is therefore necessary to assemble the jaws in the
correct order.
Place them as shown in the Fig. 24, and assemble in the same order, clockwise
in the slots in the chuck, turning the chuck key as you insert them. Close the
jaws fully and check to ensure they all meet at the centre. If a jaw is out, open
the jaws fully, and retain pressure on the jaw in question whist turning the chuck
key, until it snaps down into position. Re-check to ensure all jaws meet at the
centre.
Fig.24
25
ACCESSORIES
A range of accessories is available from your Clarke dealer which extends the
versatility of your machine. These are as follows:
1.
Machine Block
Part No: 7610324
Bolted to the Cross-Slide
2.
3.
Fixed Steady
Part No: 7610317
Bolted to the Bed
Moving Steady
Part No: 7610318
Bolted to the Saddle
26
1.
Independent 4-Jaw Chuck with Adapter Plate.
Part No. 7610316
2.
Tailstock Revolving Centre
Part No. 7610320
3.
..................................................................................
Mill Cutter 2” Dia.
Part No. 7610322
9.
..................................................
12 Piece T-Nut and Bolt Set (12 piece)
Part No. 7610326
8.
.................................................................
Mill Chuck set
Includes 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, & 16mm collets
Part No. 7610323
7.
........................................................
Face Plate - 8” (200mm) dia.
Part No. 7610325
6.
............................................................................
6 Piece Cutting Tool Set.
Comprising tools for 60o thread cutting,
parting/grooving, facing and general
turning work.
(Hex. wrench not shown)
Part No. 7610319
5.
...............................................
Tailstock Drilling Chuck - MT3.
Part No. 7610330
4.
.................................................................
......................................................
Stand, including Suds Tray
.............................................
27
Part No: 7610315