Sapido RB-1602 Specifications

1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS......................................................................................................... 2
PREFACE ...........................................................................................................................
5
CHAPTER 1
6
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.4.1
CHAPTER 2
2.1
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.2.5
2.2.6
INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................
About RB-1602 ....................................................................................................... 6
Main Features ......................................................................................................... 6
System Requirements..............................................................................................6
Getting to Know RB-1602 .......................................................................................7
Hardware Specifications..........................................................................................8
SYSTEM AND NETWORK SETUP................................................................... 9
Build Network Connection ......................................................................................9
Connecting to RB-1602 by using Web Browser ......................................................9
Windows 95/98/ME ...............................................................................................10
Windows 2000 ...................................................................................................... 12
Windows XP .......................................................................................................... 14
Windows Vista / Windows 7.................................................................................16
Router IP Address Lookup .....................................................................................18
Connect the Wireless Router’s management Interface by Web Browser ............ 19
CHAPTER 3
ONE BUTTON SETUP CONFIGURATION ...................................................... 21
CHAPTER 4
ROUTER MODE ADVANCED CONFIGURATION............................................ 23
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.1.1
4.1.1.2
4.1.1.3
4.1.1.4
4.1.1.5
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.1.1
4.2.1.2
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.2.5
4.2.6
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
IP Configuration..................................................................................................... 23
WAN Interface Setup.............................................................................................23
WAN Interface – Ethernet Port .............................................................................24
WAN Access Type – Static IP .................................................................................25
WAN Access -- Dynamic IP .................................................................................... 27
WAN Access Type -- PPPoE....................................................................................29
WAN Access Type -- PPTP ......................................................................................32
LAN Interface Setup ..............................................................................................35
Dynamic DNS Setting.............................................................................................36
Wireless Setup ...................................................................................................... 38
Wireless Basic Settings..........................................................................................38
Multiple APs .......................................................................................................... 41
Enable Universal Repeater Mode (Acting as AP Client simultaneously)...............42
Wireless Advanced Settings ..................................................................................43
Wireless Security Setup ........................................................................................45
Wireless Access Control ........................................................................................48
WDS Settings ......................................................................................................... 50
WPS ....................................................................................................................... 57
NAT ........................................................................................................................64
Virtual Server ........................................................................................................ 64
DMZ .......................................................................................................................65
2
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
4.5
4.5.1
4.5.2
4.5.3
4.5.4
4.5.5
4.6
4.6.1
4.6.2
4.7
CHAPTER 5
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.1.1
5.2.1.2
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.3.4
5.3.5
5.3.6
5.4
CHAPTER 6
6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
Firewall ..................................................................................................................66
Port Filtering ......................................................................................................... 67
IP Filtering .............................................................................................................68
MAC Filtering ........................................................................................................ 69
URL Filtering .......................................................................................................... 70
System Management ............................................................................................71
Change Password ..................................................................................................71
Firmware Upgrade ................................................................................................ 72
Profile Save............................................................................................................ 73
Time Zone Setting .................................................................................................77
UPnP Setting.......................................................................................................... 78
Log & Status .......................................................................................................... 79
Network Config..................................................................................................... 79
Event Log ...............................................................................................................79
Logout...................................................................................................................81
AP MODE ADVANCED CONFIGURATION .................................................... 82
IP Config................................................................................................................82
LAN Setup..............................................................................................................82
LAN Interface Setup ..............................................................................................82
Wireless Setup ...................................................................................................... 84
Wireless Basic Settings..........................................................................................84
Multiple APs .......................................................................................................... 86
Enable Universal Repeater Mode (Acting as AP Client simultaneously)............... 87
Wireless Advanced Settings ..................................................................................88
Wireless Security Setup ........................................................................................90
Wireless Access Control ........................................................................................93
WDS Settings ......................................................................................................... 95
WPS .....................................................................................................................101
System Management ..........................................................................................108
Change Password ................................................................................................108
Firmware Upgrade ..............................................................................................108
Profile Save..........................................................................................................110
Time Zone Setting ...............................................................................................114
UPnP Setting........................................................................................................115
Log & Status ........................................................................................................116
Network Config...................................................................................................116
Event Log .............................................................................................................116
Logout .................................................................................................................118
ADVANCED CONFIGURATION FOR WI-FI AP MODE .................................. 119
IP Config..............................................................................................................119
IP Config-- LAN ...................................................................................................119
LAN Interface Setup ............................................................................................119
Wireless Setup ....................................................................................................121
Wireless Basic Setting .........................................................................................121
Wireless Advanced Settings ................................................................................124
3
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.2.6
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.5
Wireless Site Survey ............................................................................................125
Wireless Security Setup ......................................................................................126
Wireless Access Control ......................................................................................129
WPS Setting .........................................................................................................131
System Management .......................................................................................... 137
Change Password ................................................................................................ 137
Firmware Upgrade .............................................................................................. 137
Profile Save..........................................................................................................139
Time Zone Setting ...............................................................................................143
UPnP Setting........................................................................................................145
Log & Status ........................................................................................................145
Network Config...................................................................................................146
Event Log .............................................................................................................146
Logout ................................................................................................................. 147
CHAPTER 7
DDNS ACCOUNT SETUP ..........................................................................
148
CHAPTER 8
Q & A .....................................................................................................
154
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
Installation..........................................................................................................154
LED.......................................................................................................................154
IP Address ............................................................................................................155
OS Setting ............................................................................................................155
11n Broadband Router Setup..............................................................................156
Wireless LAN .......................................................................................................158
Support................................................................................................................160
Others..................................................................................................................161
4
Preface
About This Manual
Thank you for purchasing the RB-1602 Wireless-N Broadband Router. This User‟s Manual is intended
for audience with basic networking knowledge and is the primary reference for configuring and
maintaining the device. This manual includes description of the management interface and detailed
instruction in its use.
Conventions Used
•
Notes, warnings or cautions are in bold with shaded background.
•
In this manual, the RB-1602 Wireless-N Broadband Router is referred to as “the wireless router”.
5
Chapter 1
1.1
Introduction
About RB-1602
Smaller than mini, SAPIDO Wireless 3-in-1, which complies with the latest 802.11n high speed wireless
standard, works as Router, Access Point, and Wireless Bridge, is the perfect choice of entry-level
routers.
Not only supporting wired/wireless modem and public WiFi, you may also use it to convert wired
Internet into wireless easily. SAPIDO Wireless 3-in-1 simply meets your needs to share wireless
Internet connections anywhere anytime under all circumstances. Moreover, No need cable or
complicated WDS configuration to extend wireless coverage, with only one click or press on WPS
button, SAPIDO Wireless 3-in-1 can work as wireless bridge to eliminate dead spot in your house.
The mini USB port in-built eases your mobile life. You can power it up by connecting to a laptop, a
battery pack, or a car charger, and share Public WiFi Internet connections with a bunch of people on
the road without the worry about finding a power socket.
1.2
Main Features
The following lists are the main features of the Wireless Router
• 3 Operation Modes in 1 Device- Router, AP, WiFi
AP
•
Support mini USB power DC input.
•
Support Wireless Modem and Public WiFi
•
Compatible with Wireless 802.11n Standard
•
WiFi AP - Extend Wireless Coverage
• Green AP
Consumption
•
802.3az
standard,
Save
Power
WPS - One Touch Encryption Connection
1.3
System Requirements
•
Internet connection, provided by xDSL or cable modem with a RJ-45 Ethernet port.
•
Computer or network devices with wired or wireless network interface card.
•
Web browser (Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 or above, Netscape Navigator 4.7 or above, Opera
web browser, or Safari web browser).
6
1.4
Getting to Know RB-1602
The front view of RB-1602
LED
Function
Color
Status
On
Description
System is ready to work
1.
STATUS
System status
boot in progress
Blinking
Green
x1
120ms
Power is being applied and system
2.
Reset or firmware upgrade in
progress
On
Blinking
Green
WAN / LAN
30ms
On
120ms
On
Green
Blinking
30ms
LAN port activity
On
Blinking
Green
120ms
On
Wireless activity
x1
10Mbps Ethernet is connected
Blinking
Green
Wireless / WPS
100Mbps Ethernet Tx/Rx activity
WAN port activity
x1
LAN x 1
100Mbps Ethernet is connected
Blinking
Green
&
30ms
WPS status
10Mbps Ethernet Tx/Rx activity
100Mbps Ethernet is connected
100Mbps Ethernet Tx/Rx activity
10Mbps Ethernet is connected
10Mbps Ethernet Tx/Rx activity
Wireless is connected
Wireless Tx/Rx activity
Blinking
Orange
7
120ms
WPS function in progress
1.4.1
Hardware Specifications
The following table shows the technical specifications of RB-1602.
Item
Specifications
Communication Interface
WAN/LAN Port
1 x 10/100Mbps RJ-45, with auto MDI/MDIX
LAN Port
1 x 10/100Mbps RJ-45, with auto MDI/MDIX
Wireless
IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Others
Operation
Operating Temp: 0° to 40°C (32° to 10°F) Storage
Requirement
Temp: -20° to 70°C (-4° to 158°F) Operating
Humidity: 10% to 85% Non-Condensing
Storage Humidity: 5% to 90% Non-Condensing
Antenna
External x 1 (detachable)
Peak Gain of the
2dBi@ 2.45GHz
Transmitted Power
IEEE 802.11b: 19dBm +/- 2.0dBm (typical)
IEEE 802.11g: 16dBm +/- 2.0dBm (typical)
IEEE 802.11n: 14dBm +/- 1.5dBm (typical)
Receive Sensitivity
Dimension (L x W x H)
IEEE 802.11b: -83dBm +/- 2.0dBm
IEEE 802.11g: -70dBm +/- 2.0dBm
IEEE 802.11n (20MHz): -74dBm +/- 2.0dBm
IEEE 802.11n (20MHz): -74dBm +/- 2.0dBm
88(L) x 58(W) x 26.5(H) mm
Button
Reboot / Reset button
Power Supply
Power Adapter DC5V/0.5A with mini-USB B type male
connector
Certification
CE / FCC / RoHS
8
Chapter 2
System and Network Setup
The RB-1602 is an easy to setup and wireless device for various application and environment. It can
be used in conference room, hotel, even in transportation.
2.1
Build Network Connection
Administrator can manage the settings for WAN, LAN, Wireless Network, NTP, password, User
Accounts, Firewall, etc.
2.2
Connecting to RB-1602 by using Web Browser
After the network connection is built, the next step what you should do is setup the router with proper
network parameters, so it can work properly in your network environment.
Before you connect to the wireless router and start configuration procedures, your computer must be
able to get an IP address from the wireless router automatically (use dynamic IP address). If it‟s set to
use static IP address, or you‟re unsure, please follow the below instructions to configure your computer
9
with dynamic IP address:
If the operating system of your computer is….
Windows 95/98/ME
- please go to section 2.2.1
Windows 2000
- please go to section 2.2.2
Windows XP
- please go to section 2.3.3
Windows Vista
- please go to section 2.3.4
10
2.2.1
Windows 95/98/ME
1. Click „Start‟ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your computer), then click control
panel. Double-click Network icon, and Network window will appear. Select „TCP/IP‟, then click
„Properties‟.
2. Select „Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server‟, and then click „OK‟.
11
12
2.2.2
1.
Windows 2000
Click „Start‟ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your computer), then click control
panel. Double-click Network and Dial-up Connections icon, double click Local Area
Connection, and Local Area Connection Properties window will appear. Select „Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP)‟, then click „Properties‟.
2.
Select „Obtain an IP address automatically‟ and „Obtain DNS server address automatically‟, then
click „OK‟.
13
14
2.2.3
Windows XP
1. Click „Start‟ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your computer), then click control
panel. Double-click Network and Internet Connections icon, click Network Connections, then
double-click Local Area Connection, Local Area Connection Status window will appear, and
then click „Properties‟.
2. Select „Obtain an IP address automatically‟ and „Obtain DNS server address automatically‟, then
click „OK‟.
15
16
2.2.4
Windows Vista / Windows 7
1. Click „Start‟ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your computer), then click control
panel. Click View Network Status and Tasks, and then click Manage Network Connections.
Right-click Local Area Network, then select ‘Properties’. Local Area Connection Properties
window will appear,select „Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP / IPv4), and then click „Properties‟.
2. Select “Obtain an IP address automatically‟ and „Obtain DNS server address automatically‟, then
click „OK‟.
17
18
2.2.5
Router IP Address Lookup
After the IP address setup was completed, please clicks „start‟ Æ „run‟ at the bottom-lower corner of
your desktop:
Input „cmd‟, and then click „OK‟
Input „ipconfig‟, then press „Enter‟ key. Please check the IP address followed by „Default Gateway‟ (In
this example, the gateway IP address of router is 192.168.1.1)
19
NOTE: If the IP address of Gateway is not displayed, or the address followed by ‘IP Address’
begins with ‘169.x.x.x’ , please recheck network connection between your computer and
router, and / or go to the beginning of this chapter, to recheck every step of network setup
procedure.
2.2.6
Connect the Wireless Router’s management Interface by Web Browser
After your computer obtained an IP address from wireless router, please start your web browser, and
input the IP address of the wireless router in address bar, and the following message should be shown.
Please click “Administrator” to login the RB-1602.
Notes: The default IP of the wireless router is 192.168.1.1
Please input user name and password in the field respectively. Default user name is „admin‟, and
default password is „admin‟, then press „Login‟ button to login the web management interface of the
wireless router.
20
NOTE: If yo u c an’t s ee t h e w eb man agem ent int e rf ace, and yo u ’r e being
prompted to input
user n ame and passw o rd again, it mean s you d idn ’t inp u t u se rn am e and pa ssw
o rd cor rect l y.
Plea se r et yp e u se r n am e and passw o rd again. If yo u ’r e certain abo u t t h e
u ser n am e and password what yo u t yp e are co rre ct, p leas e go t o ‘Tro u b lesh o o
t ing ’ t o perfo rm a f a ctory reset, to set the password back to the default value.
21
Chapter 3
One Button Setup Configuration
RB-1602‟s “One Button Setup” will help you to setup the basic setting of the wireless router with
simplified procedure. You do not need to learn much complicated network proper name but you still can
setup the wireless router by yourself.
Please click “One Button Setup” function, and then click the “finish” to complete the setting. The
router will reboot automatically.
22
Item
Description
Time Zone Select
Press
button to choose a time zone of the location you live from
the drop-down list.
Change Password
Input new password here
Device Name
Input new device name here
WAN Interface Setup
Choose the broadband interface you are using. The wireless router
supports Ethernet Port / Wireless 2 different types interfaces
Wireless Setup
Configure Wireless SSID and Security.
Finish
Click finish button to complete the setting
23
Chapter 4
Router Mode Advanced Configuration
This chapter describes how to setup the access the router through the web browser. Please be noted
that in order to access the router‟s admin page, a computer must be connected to one of the LAN ports
on the router. The WLAN Broadband Router is delivered with the following factory default parameters
on the Ethernet LAN interfaces.
Default IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Default IP subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
WEB login User Name: admin
WEB login Password: admin
4.1
IP Configuration
In this section that user could configure the connection type of WAN port. Please check with your
Internet Service Provider about the essential connection parameter.
4.1.1
WAN Interface Setup
Select WAN under the IP Config menu. 11n Broadband Router supports 3 interfaces and 4 access
types. Follow the instructions below for each to set up accordingly.
Choose your WAN Interface and WAN type, and click Next, its associated settings will show up.
24
4.1.1.1
WAN Interface – Ethernet Port
If you are using an Ethernet cable to connect the Internet, please select Ethernet port.
25
4.1.1.2
WAN Access Type – Static IP
If you applied for a Static IP connection type from ISP, please follow the steps to set up your WAN
connection.
Item
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Default Gateway
MTU Size
Description
Please enter the IP address which is provided by your ISP.
If you don‟t have it, please contact your ISP.
Please enter the Subnet Mask address.
Input ISP Default Gateway Address. If you don‟t know,
please check with your ISP.
The term Maximum transmission unit refers to the size
(in bytes) of the largest PDU that a given layer of a
26
communication protocol can pass onwards. Users can
improve network efficiency by adjusting the value of MTU.
Most of OS will give users a default value which is fit for
most of users. Users can modify this value also. Please
enter value, max number is 1500 bytes.
If ISP provides DNS information, please select Attain DNS
DNS
automatically. Or you should select Set DNS Manually,
and then input the DNS address.
Clone MAC
If your ISP asks you to enter a specific MAC Address,
please input the correct info at the column.
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is a
communication protocol used to manage the membership
Enable IGMP Proxy
of Internet Protocol multicast groups. IGMP is used by IP
hosts and adjacent multicast routers to establish multicast
group memberships. You can choose to enable IGMP
Proxy to provide service.
Enable Ping Access on WAN
To enable WAN ICMP response.
Enable Web Server Access on WAN
Enable Web Server Access function from WAN side.
Apply Change & Reset
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you
may click on Reset to clear all the input data.
27
4.1.1.3
WAN Access -- Dynamic IP
If your WAN access type is Dynamic IP, please complete the settings as following instructions.
Item
Description
The host name is optional; but if your ISP requires you to input
a specific host name, please put it in, for example, 11n
Host Name
Broadband Router applied from ISP. Generally, Cable Modem
will provide the hostname information.
MTU stands for Maximum Transmission Unit. For Static IP
connection, the default MTU should be provided by computer
MTU Size
operating systems (OS). Advanced users can set the MTU
manually for increasing the internet performance. The largest
number is 1492 byte
28
If ISP provides you DNS information, please select Attain DNS
DNS
automatically, otherwise select Set DNS Manually and input
the DNS information into the blank.
Copy the MAC address from the device you had registered to
Clone MAC Address
your ISP if your ISP asks for the specific MAC Address.
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is a
communication protocol used to manage the membership of
Internet Protocol multicast groups. IGMP is used by IP hosts
Enable IGMP Proxy
and adjacent multicast routers to establish multicast group
memberships. You can choose to enable IGMP Proxy to
provide service.
Select Enable Ping Access on WAN, will make WAN IP
address response to any ping request from Internet users. It is
Enable Ping Access on WAN
a common way for hacker to ping public WAN IP address, to
see is there any WAN IP address available.
Enable Web Server Access on WAN
Apply Change & Reset
This option is to enable Web Server Access function on WAN.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may
click on Reset to clear all the input data.
29
4.1.1.4
WAN Access Type -- PPPoE
If you applied for a PPPoE connection type from ISP, please follow the steps to set up your WAN
connection.
Item
Description
Input your user name supplied by ISP. If you
User Name
don‟t know, please check with your ISP.
Password
Input your Password supplied by ISP
30
Service Name
Input the service name supplied by ISP.
It has three types: Continuous, Connect on
Connection Type
Demand, and Manual.
It is the time of inactivity before disconnecting
your PPPoE session. Enter an Idle Time (in
minutes) to define a maximum period of time for
which the Internet connect is maintained during
Idle Time
inactivity. If the connection is inactive for longer
than the defined Idle Time, then the connection
will be dropped. Either set this to zero or enable
Auto-reconnect to disable this feature.
MTU stands for Maximum Transmission Unit. For
PPPoE connection, the default MTU should be
provided
MTU Size
(OS).
by
computer
Advanced users
operating
systems
can set the MTU
manually for increasing the internet performance.
The largest number allowed by Ethernet at the
network layer is 1492 byte
If ISP provides you DNS information, please
select Attain DNS automatically,
DNS
otherwise
select Set DNS Manually and input the DNS
information into the blank.
Copy the MAC address from the device you had
Clone MAC Address
registered to your ISP if your ISP asks for the
specific MAC Address.
The Internet Group Management Protocol
(IGMP) is a communications protocol used to
manage the membership of Internet Protocol
Enable IGMP Proxy
multicast groups. IGMP is used by IP hosts and
adjacent multicast routers to establish multicast
group memberships. You can choose to enable
IGMP Proxy to provide service.
Select Enable Ping Access on WAN, will make
Enable Ping Access on WAN
WAN IP address response to any ping request
from Internet users. It is a common way for
31
hacker to ping public WAN IP address, to see is
there any WAN IP address available.
This option is to enable Web Server Access
Enable Web Server Access on WAN
function on WAN.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting
Apply Changes & Reset
data. Or you may click on Reset to clear all the
input data.
32
4.1.1.5
WAN Access Type -- PPTP
If you have applied for a PPTP connection type from ISP, please follow the steps to set up your WAN
connection.
Item
IP Address
Description
Input your IP Address supplied by ISP. If you don‟t
know, please check with your ISP.
Subnet Mask
Input Subnet Mask, normally it is 255.255.255.0.
Server IP Address
Input your Server IP Address supplied by ISP. If you
33
don‟t know, please check with your ISP.
Input the PPTP Account supplied by ISP, for example.
User Name
If you don‟t know, please check with your ISP.
Password
Input the Password supplied by ISP.
MTU stands for Maximum Transmission Unit. For
PPPoE connection, the
provided
MTU
by
default MTU should be
computer
operating
systems
(OS). Advanced users can set the MTU manually for
increasing the internet performance. The largest
number allowed is 1460 byte
Microsoft
Point-to-Point Encryption
(MPPE)
encrypts data in Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)-based
dial-up
Protocol
Request MPPPE Encryption
connections
or
(PPTP) virtual
Point-to-Point
Tunneling
private network
(VPN)
connections. 128-bit key (strong), 56-bit key, and
40-bit key (standard) MPPE encryption schemes are
supported. MPPE provides data security for the PPTP
connection that is between the VPN client and the
VPN server.
If ISP provides you DNS information, please select
Attain DNS automatically, otherwise select Set DNS
DNS
Manually and input the DNS information into the
blank.
Copy the MAC address from the device you had
Clone MAC Address
registered to your ISP if your ISP asks for the specific
MAC Address.
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is
a communications protocol used to manage the
membership of Internet Protocol multicast groups.
Enable IGMP Proxy
IGMP is used by IP hosts and adjacent multicast
routers to establish multicast group memberships. You
can choose to enable IGMP Proxy to provide service.
Enable Ping Access on WAN
Select Enable Ping Access on WAN, will make WAN
IP address response to any ping request from Internet
34
users. It is a common way for hacker to ping public
WAN IP address, to see is there any WAN IP address
available.
This option is to enable Web Server Access function
Enable Web Server Access on WAN
on WAN.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or
Apply Changes & Reset
you may click on Reset to clear all the input data.
35
4.1.2
LAN Interface Setup
This page is used to configure the parameters for local area network that connects to the LAN ports of
your router. Here you may change the setting for IP address, subnet mask, DHCP, etc.
Item
Description
IP Address
The default IP address is 192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask
Please enter the Subnet Mask address
Default Gateway
Please enter the Default Gateway address for LAN interface.
DHCP
Click to select Disabled, Client or Server in different operation mode
of LAN access point.
Fill in the start IP address and end IP address to allocate a range of IP
DHCP Client Range
addresses; client with DHCP function set will be assigned an IP
address from the range
Static DHCP
Device Name
Configures how static DHCP address are assigned to client (only
available when DHCP server is enabled)
Configures the device name of the router.
IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a link layer network
802.1d Spanning Tree
protocol that ensures a loop-free topology for any bridged LAN. Select
enable or disable the IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree function from
36
pull-down menu.
Clone MAC Address
Apply Change & Reset
4.1.3
If your ISP asks you to enter a specific MAC Address, please input the
correct info at the column.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
Dynamic DNS Setting
You can assign a fixed host and domain name to a dynamic Internet IP address. Each time the router
boots up, it will re-register its domain-name-to-IP-address mapping with the DDNS service provider.
This is the way Internet users can access the router through a domain name instead of its IP address.
Note: make sure that you have registered with a DDNS service provider before enabling this
feature.
Please select a DDNS Service
Provider
Please enter Domain Name, User Name/Email, and Password/Key. After entering, click on Apply
Changes to save the setting, or you may click on Reset to clear all the input data.
37
Item
Description
Select enable to use DDNS function. Each time your IP address
Enable/Disable DDNS
to WAN is changed, and the information will be updated to
DDNS service provider automatically.
Choose correct Service Provider from drop-down list, here
Service Provider
including DynDNS, TZO, ChangeIP, Eurodns, OVH, NO-IP,
ODS, Regfish embedded in RB-1602.
User name is used as an identity to login Dynamic-DNS
User Name/Email
service.
Password/Key
Password is applied to login Dynamic-DNS service.
Click on Apply button to continue. Click on Cancel button to
Apply & Cancel
clear the setting on this page.
38
4.2
Wireless Setup
The category includes Basic Settings, Advanced Settings, Security, Access Control, WDS
settings, and WPS. Please read below for the setting instruction.
4.2.1
Wireless Basic Settings
The Wireless Basic Settings include Band, Mode, SSID, Channel Number and other wireless settings.
39
40
Item
Disable Wireless LAN
Interface
Band
Description
Turn off the wireless service.
Please
select
the
frequency.
It
has
6
options:
2.4
GHz
(B/G/N/B+G/G+N/B+G+N).
Please select the mode. It has 3 modes to select:(AP, Client, WDS,
AP+WDS).
Mode
Multiple APs provides users another 4 different SSID for connection.
Users can add or limit the properties for each connection. Please
check Section 5.2.1.1
SSID
Channel Width
Control Sideband
Service Set identifier, the default SSID is CNet, users can define to
any.
Please select the channel width, it has 2 options: 20MHZ, and 40MHZ.
Enable this function will control your router use lower or upper
channel.
Channel Number
Please select the channel; it has Auto, 1, 2~11 or 13 options.
Broadband SSID
User may choose to enable Broadcast SSID or not.
Data Rate
Please select the data transmission rate.
Associate Clients
Check the AP connectors and the Wireless connecting status.
Enable MAC Clone (Single
Ethernet Client)
Enable Universal Repeater
Mode (Acting as AP and
Client simultaneously)
SSID of Extended Interface
Apply Change & Reset
Clone the MAC address for ISP to identify.
Allow to equip with the wireless way conjunction upper level, provide
the bottom layer user link in wireless and wired way in the meantime.
(The IP that bottom layer obtains is from upper level.) Please check
Section 5.2.1.2
While linking the upper level device in wireless way, you can set SSID
to give the bottom layer user search.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
41
4.2.1.1
Multiple APs
Multiple APs provides users another 4 different SSIDs for connection. Each SSID could be set with
different data rate, WMM and access type.
Item
Description
Enable
Enable or disable the service.
Band
Select the frequency.
SSID
Enter the SSID.
Data Rate
Select the data transmission rate.
Enable this function can let clients use two access types: a. LAN+WAN: the client
Access
can access to the Internet and access in the router‟s GUI. b. WAN: the client can
only access to the Internet.
Active Client List
Apply Changes
Display the properties of the client which is connecting successfully.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on Reset to
clear all the input data.
42
4.2.1.2
Enable Universal Repeater Mode (Acting as AP Client simultaneously)
The router can act as Station and AP at the same time. It can use Station function to connect to a Root
AP and use AP function to service all wireless stations within its coverage.
Example: When users enable the Universal Repeater to connect to the upper level device, please fill in
the upper level device‟s channel and SSID. Click on Apply Changes to save the settings.
(Please disable the DHCP service first)
Users can use the Network Configuration page to check the information about “Wireless Repeater
Interface Configuration”.
43
4.2.2
Wireless Advanced Settings
In Advanced Settings page, more 802.11 related parameters are tunable
Item
Fragment Threshold
Description
To identify the maxima length of packet, the over length packet will be
fragmentized. The allowed range is 256-2346, and default length is 2346
This value should remain at its default setting of 2347. The range is 0~2347.
Should you encounter inconsistent data flow, only minor modifications are
recommended. If a network packet is smaller than the present RTS threshold
RTS Threshold
size, the RTS/CTS mechanism will not be enabled. The router sends
Request to Send (RTS) frames to a particular receiving station and
negotiates the sending of a data frame. After receiving an RTS, the wireless
station responds with a Clear to Send (CTS) frame to acknowledge the right
to begin transmission. Fill the range from 0 to 2347 into this blank.
Beacons are packets sent by an access point to synchronize a wireless
Beacon Interval
network. Specify a beacon interval value. The allowed setting range is
20-1024 ms.
Preamble Type
PLCP is Physical layer convergence protocol and PPDU is PLCP protocol
44
data unit during transmission, the PSDU shall be appended to a PLCP
preamble and header to create the PPDU. It has 2 options: Long Preamble
and Short Preamble.
Inter-Access Point Protocol is a recommendation that describes an optional
extension to IEEE 802.11 that provides wireless access-point
IAPP
communications among multivendor systems.
Protection
Please select to enable wireless protection or not.
Enable this function will combine several packets to one and transmit it. It
Aggregation
can reduce the problem when mass packets are transmitting.
Users can get better wireless transmission efficiency when they enable this
Short GI
function.
Users can adjust RF output power to get the best wireless network
RF Output Power
Apply
Reset
Changes
environment. Users can choose from 100%, 70%, 50%, 35%, and 15%.
&
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on Reset
to clear all the input data.
45
4.2.3
Wireless Security Setup
Here users define the security type and level of the wireless network. Selecting different methods
provides different levels of security. Please note that using any encryption may cause a significant
degradation of data throughput on the wireless link. There are five Encryption types supported:
“None”, “WEP”, “WPA (TKIP)”, ”WPA2(AES)”, and “WPA2 Mixed”.
1. Encryption -- WEP Key
1.1 Set WEP Key: This section provides 64bit and 128bit WEP encryptions and two different shared
key formats (ASCII and Hex) for wireless network.
46
802.1x Authentication: It is a safety system by using authentication to protect your wireless
network.
2. Encryption – WPA (WPA, WPA2, and WPA2 Mixed), WPA Authentication Mode
- Enterprise (RADIUS): Please fill in the RADIUS server Port, IP Address, and Password
- Personal (Pre-Shared Key): Pre-Shared Key type is ASCII Code; the length is between 8 to 63
characters. If the key type is Hex, the key length is 64 characters
3. Apply Change & Reset: Click on ‘Apply Changes’ to save setting data. Or click ‘Reset’ to reset all
47
the input data.
48
4.2.4
Wireless Access Control
Access Control allows user to block or allow wireless clients to access this router. Users can select the
access control mode, then add a new MAC address with a simple comment and click on “Apply
Changes”to save the new addition. To delete a MAC address, select its corresponding checkbox under
the Select column and click on “DeleteSelected” button.
Take the wireless card as the example.
(1) Here is the example. Please select Deny Listed in Wireless Access Control Mode first, and
then fill in the MAC address what you plan to block in the MAC Address field. Click Apply
Changes to save the setting.
49
(2) The MAC address what you set will be displayed on the Current Access Control List.
(3) The wireless client will be denied by the wireless router.
50
4.2.5
WDS Settings
When selected in the Basic Settings page and enabled here, Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
enables the router to be used as a wireless bridge. Two Wireless-G Routers in bridge mode can
communicate with each other through their wireless interfaces. To accomplish this, all wireless routers
should be set to the same channel and the MAC address of other AP / Routers should be entered in the
table.
51
The WDS explanation as the following picture.
*Please follow the below instructions to setup the WDS connection.
(1) Please check the MAC address and Channel number from the upper lever device.
52
(2) Set the connection mode to “AP+WDS” from “Wireless Basic Setting”, and then select the channel
number(in this example is “11”). Click Apply Changes to save the setting.
53
(3) Enable WDS function from the page – “WDS Setting”, and then fill in the upper level device MAC
address. Click Apply Changes to save the setting data.
54
(4) The WDS AP List will show the WDS device MAC address after reboot.
55
(5) Set “Broadcast SSID” to disable from page “Wireless Basic Setting”.
(6) Go to the upper level device WDS setting page and fill in the MAC address
56
Please input the MAC address
of this router.
(7) You will receive an IP address from the upper lever device.
57
4.2.6
WPS
This page allows user to change the setting for WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup). Using this feature could
let your wireless client atomically synchronize it‟s setting and connect to the Access Point in a minute
without any hassle. RB-1602 could support both Self-PIN or PBC modes, or use the WPS button (at
real panel) to easy enable the WPS function.
PIN model, in which a PIN has to be taken either from a sticker label or from the web interface of the
WPS device. This PIN will then be entered in the AP or client WPS device to connect.
PBC model, in which the user simply has to push a button, either an actual or a virtual one, on both
WPS devices to connect.
Please find the WPS button from the following illustrate
When users select a specific model on wireless base station, the clients can connect to the base by
selecting the same model.
The connection procedures of PIN and PBC are almost the same. The small difference between
those two is:
Users input the PIN of wireless card in the base station first; it will limit the range of the clients. It is
faster to establish a connection on PIN model.
On PBC model, users push the WPS button to activate the function, and then the wireless client must
push the WPS button in 2 mins to enter the network. The client will search to see if there is any
wireless base station which supports WPS is activating. If the client finds a matching base, the
58
connection will be established. The speed of establishing a connection is slower than the PIN model
because of this extra step.
59
On the other hand, users need to input the information of the wireless card into the register interface.
It might lead to the failure of connection, if users make mistakes on inputting. On PBC model, users
only need to click the WPS button on both sides to make a connection. It is easier to operate.
This page supports Start PBC and Start PIN; please read the following instructions
* Start PBC:
(1) Click Start PBC to connect to the wireless network card.
(2) Click OK to start WPS process.
(3) Open the configuration page of the wireless card. Click the Wi-Fi Protect Setup, and then click
PBC to start the WPS process.
60
(4) The WPS is being processed.
61
(5) The USB dongle will receive the connection information from wireless router if the dongle has
connected to the wireless router successfully.
* Start PIN:
(1.) Get the WPS PIN number from wireless card and write it down.
62
(2) Fill in the PIN number from the wireless card in Client PIN Number field, and then click “Start PIN”.
63
(3) Click OK to starts process.
(4) Click PIN to start the WPS process with the wireless router.
(5) Click No, then USB Dongle will select AP automatically.
64
(6) WPS is in processing.
(7) The following page shows the wireless card has already connected to the wireless router.
65
4.3
NAT
4.3.1
Virtual Server
The Virtual Server feature allows users to create Virtual Servers by re-directing a particular range of
service port numbers (from the WAN port) to a particular LAN IP address.
Item
Description
Enable Port Forwarding
Select to enable Port Forwarding service or not.
IP Address
Specify the IP address which receives the incoming packets.
Protocol
Select the protocol type.
Port Range
Enter the port number, for example 80-80 or 20-22
Comment
Add comments for this port forwarding rule.
Apply Change & Reset
Current
Port
Forwarding
Table
Delete Selected & Delete All
Reset
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
It will display all port forwarding regulation you made.
Click Delete Selected will delete the selected item. Click Delete All
will delete all items in this table.
Click Reset to cancel.
66
*Please find the following figure to know that what the virtual server is. The web server is located on
192.168.1.100, forwarding port is 80, and type is TCP+UDP.
Configuration:
Private IP: 192.168.1.100
Port: 80 - 80
Type: TCP+UDP
4.3.2
DMZ
The DMZ feature allows one local user to be exposed to the Internet for special-purpose applications
like Internet gaming or videoconferencing. When enabled, this feature opens all ports to a single
station and hence renders that system exposed to intrusion from outside. The port forwarding feature
is more secure because it only opens the ports required by that application.
67
Item
Description
Enable DMZ
It will enable the DMZ service if you select it.
DMZ Host IP Address
Please enter the specific IP address for DMZ host.
Apply Change & Reset
4.4
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
Firewall
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4.4.1
Port Filtering
When enabled packets are denied access to Internet/filtered based on their port address.
Item
Description
Enable Port Filtering
Please select Enable Port Filtering to filter ports.
Port Range
Please enter the port number that needs to be filtered.
Protocol
Please select the protocol type of the port.
Comment
You can add comments for this regulation.
Apply Change & Reset
Current Filter Table
Delete Selected & Delete All
Rest
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
It will display all ports that are filtering now.
Click Delete Selected will delete the selected item. Click Delete All
will delete all items in this table.
You can click Reset to cancel.
* Port 80 has been blocked as the following illustrate.
IP: 192.168.1.X
Port: 80-80
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4.4.2
IP Filtering
When enabled, LAN clients are blocked / filtered from accessing the Internet based on their IP
addresses.
Item
Description
Enable IP Filtering
Please select Enable IP Filtering to filter IP addresses.
Local IP Address
Please enter the IP address that needs to be filtered.
Protocol
Please select the protocol type of the IP address.
Comment
You can add comments for this regulation.
70
Apply Change & Reset
Current Filter Table
Delete Selected & Delete All
Rest
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
It will display all ports that are filtering now.
Click Delete Selected will delete the selected item. Click Delete All
will delete all items in this table.
You can click Reset to cancel.
4.4.3
MAC Filtering
When enabled, filtering will be based on the MAC address of LAN computers. Any computer with its
MAC address on this list will be blocked from accessing the Internet.
Item
Description
Enable MAC Filtering
Please select Enable MAC Filtering to filter MAC addresses
MAC Address
Please enter the MAC address that needs to be filtered.
Comment
You can add comments for this regulation.
Apply Change & Reset
Current Filter Table
Delete Selected & Delete All
Rest
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
It will display all ports that are filtering now.
Click Delete Selected will delete the selected item. Click Delete All
will delete all items in this table.
You can click Reset to cancel.
71
4.4.4
URL Filtering
URL Filtering is used to restrict users to access specific websites in internet
Item
Description
Enable URL Filtering
Please select Enable MAC Filtering to filter MAC addresses
URL Address
Please enter the MAC address that needs to be filtered.
Apply Change & Reset
Current Filter Table
Delete Selected & Delete All
Rest
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
It will display all ports that are filtering now.
Click Delete Selected will delete the selected item. Click Delete All
will delete all items in this table.
You can click Reset to cancel.
Notes: This function will not be in effect when the Virtual Server is enabled. Please disable
Virtual Server before activate the URL Filtering function.
72
4.5
System Management
It has 6 sections: Change Password, Firmware Upgrade, Profiles Save, Time Zone Setting, UPnP
Setting, and Language Setting. It is easy and helpful for users making more detailed settings.
4.5.1 Change Password
Users can set or change user name and password used for accessing the web management
interface in this section.
Please input the
new user name,
password here
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on Reset to clear all the input data.
73
4.5.2
Firmware Upgrade
The firmware on this wireless router can be easily upgraded. You can check the website
(http://www.cnet.com.tw) to see if there is any later version of firmware
Notes: Do not power off the device while the firmware is being upgraded
Caution: To prevent that firmware upgrading is interrupted by other wireless signals and
causes failure. We recommend users to use wired connection during upgrading.
Caution: The firmware upgrade will not remove your previous settings.
*Reset button:
On the front of this router, there is a reset button. If you cannot login the administrator page by
forgetting your password; or the router has problem you can‟t solve. You can push the reset button for 5
seconds with a stick. The router will reboot and all settings will be restored to factory default settings. If
the problem still exists, you can visit our web site to see if there is any firmware for download to solve
the problem.
4.5.3
Profile Save
74
Users can create a backup file that contains current
router settings. This backup file can be used to
restore router settings. This is especially useful in
the event you need to reset the router to its default
settings.
a. Save Configuration
(1) Click Save
(2) Please click “Save” to save the configuration to your computer.
75
(3) Select the location which you want to save file, then click Save.
b. Load configuration file
(1) Click Browser
76
(2) Select configuration file then click Open
(3) Click Upload to upload configuration file to RB-1602.
77
(4) After 90 seconds, RB-1602 will reboot automatically.
(C) Reload factory default setting
1. Please click Reset
(2) Please click OK to start reload factory default setting to RB-1602.
78
(3) After 90 seconds, RB-1602 will reboot automatically.
4.5.4
Time Zone Setting
Users can synchronize the local clock on the router to an available NTP server (optional). To complete
this setting, enable NTP client update and select the correct Time Zone.
Item
Description
Current Time
Users can input the time manually.
Time Zone Select
Please select the time zone.
Enable NTP client update
Please select to enable NTP client update or not.
Automatically Adjust
Please select to enable Automatically Adjust Daylight Saving or not.
Daylight Saving
NTP Server
Please select the NTP server from the pull-down list, or you can enter
the NTP server IP address manually.
Apply Changes & Reset &
Please click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may
Refresh
click on Reset to clear all the input data. Or you may click on Refresh
to update the system time on the screen.
79
4.5.5
UPnP Setting
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a standard of networking protocols promulgated by the UPnP
Forum. The goals of UPnP are to allow devices to connect seamlessly and to simplify the
implementation of networks in the home (data sharing, communications, and entertainment) and in
corporate environments for simplified installation of computer components. RB-1602 supports UPnP
function, and can cooperate with other UPnP devices. When you activate UPnP, please click My
Network Places. Users will see an Internet Gateway Device icon. By click the icon, users can enter
the GUI of the router. If you do not wish to use UPnP, you can disable it.
*Enable/Disable UPnP
Select to enable or disable this function.
80
4.6
Log & Status
The category provides Network Config and Event Log status for users to know the operation status.
4.6.1
Network Config
Users can check the Internet status under this category, including Firmware version, Wireless setting,
Connecting Time, WAN, TCP/IP …information from this page.
4.6.2
Event Log
You could enable the event log feature here.
81
Please select to enable log function.
Item
Description
Enable Log
You may choose to enable Event Log or not
System all, Wireless, DoS
Please select the event you want to record.
Enable Remote Log
You may choose to enable the remote event log or not.
Log Server IP Address
Please input the log server IP Address.
Apply & Cancel
Click on Apply button to add the settings into the list table. Click on
Cancel button to clean the setting on this page.
*The following figure is an example when users click Apply Changes to record the event log.
82
4.7
Logout
This function logs out the user.
83
Chapter 5
AP Mode Advanced Configuration
5.1 IP Config
In this category, you can setup the IP rules under AP Mode.
Default IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Default IP subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
WEB login User Name: admin
WEB login Password: admin
5.1.1 LAN Setup
Please click on LAN of IP Config and follow the below setting.
5.1.2 LAN Interface Setup
This page is used to configure for local area network which connects to the LAN port of your Access
Point. Here users may change the setting for IP address, Subnet Mask, DHCP, etc.
84
85
Item
Description
IP Address
The default IP address is 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask
Please enter the Subnet Mask address
Default Gateway
Please enter the Default Gateway address for LAN interface.
DHCP
Click to select Disabled, Client or Server in different operation mode
of LAN access point.
Fill in the start IP address and end IP address to allocate a range of IP
DHCP Client Range
addresses; client with DHCP function set will be assigned an IP
address from the range
Static DHCP
Device Name
Configures how static DHCP address are assigned to client (only
available when DHCP server is enabled)
Configures the device name of the router.
IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a link layer network
802.1d Spanning Tree
protocol that ensures a loop-free topology for any bridged LAN, This
function is optional.
Clone MAC Address
Apply Changes & Reset
If your ISP asks you to enter a specific MAC Address, please input the
correct info at the column.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
86
5.2
Wireless Setup
The category includes Basic Settings, Advanced Settings, Security, Access Control, WDS
settings, and WPS. Please read below for the setting instruction.
5.2.1
Wireless Basic Settings
The Wireless Basic Settings include Band, Mode, SSID, Channel Number and other wireless settings.
87
Item
Disable Wireless LAN
Interface
Band
Description
Turn off the wireless service.
Please
select
the
frequency.
It
has
6
options:
2.4
GHz
(B/G/N/B+G/G+N/B+G+N).
Please select the mode. It has 3 modes to select:(AP, Client, WDS,
AP+WDS).
Mode
Multiple APs provides users another 4 different SSID for connection.
Users can add or limit the properties for each connection. Please
check Section 5.2.1.1
SSID
Service Set identifier, the default SSID is SAPIDO_Wireless_3_in_1,
users can define to
Channel Width
Please select the channel width, it has 2 options: 20MHZ, and 40MHZ.
Control Sideband
Enable this function will control your router use lower or upper
channel.
Channel Number
Please select the channel; it has Auto, 1, 2~11 or 13 options.
Broadband SSID
User may choose to enable Broadcast SSID or not.
Data Rate
Please select the data transmission rate.
Associate Clients
Check the AP connectors and the Wireless connecting status.
Enable MAC Clone (Single
Ethernet Client)
Enable Universal Repeater
Mode (Acting as AP and
Client simultaneously)
SSID of Extended Interface
Apply Change & Reset
Clone the MAC address for ISP to identify.
Allow to equip with the wireless way conjunction upper level, provide
the bottom layer user link in wireless and wired way in the meantime.
(The IP that bottom layer obtains is from upper level.) Please check
Section 5.2.1.2
While linking the upper level device in wireless way, you can set SSID
to give the bottom layer user search.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
88
5.2.1.1
Multiple APs
Multiple APs provides users another 4 different SSIDs for connection. Each SSID could be set with
different data rate, WMM and access type.
Item
Description
Enable
Enable or disable the service.
Band
Select the frequency.
SSID
Enter the SSID.
Data Rate
Select the data transmission rate.
Enable this function can let clients use two access types: a. LAN+WAN: the client
Access
can access to the Internet and access in the router‟s GUI. b. WAN: the client can
only access to the Internet.
Active Client List
Apply Changes
Display the properties of the client which is connecting successfully.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on Reset to
clear all the input data.
89
5.2.1.2
Enable Universal Repeater Mode (Acting as AP Client simultaneously)
The router can act as Station and AP at the same time. It can use Station function to connect to a Root
AP and use AP function to service all wireless stations within its coverage.
Example: When users enable the Universal Repeater to connect to the upper level device, please fill in
the upper level device‟s channel and SSID. Click on Apply Changes to save the settings.
(Please disable the DHCP service first)
Users can use the Network Configuration page to check the information about “Wireless Repeater
Interface Configuration”.
90
91
5.2.2
Wireless Advanced Settings
In Advanced Settings page, more 802.11 related parameters are tunable
Item
Fragment Threshold
Description
To identify the maxima length of packet, the over length packet will be
fragmentized. The allowed range is 256-2346, and default length is 2346
This value should remain at its default setting of 2347. The range is 0~2347.
Should you encounter inconsistent data flow, only minor modifications are
recommended. If a network packet is smaller than the present RTS threshold
RTS Threshold
size, the RTS/CTS mechanism will not be enabled. The router sends
Request to Send (RTS) frames to a particular receiving station and
negotiates the sending of a data frame. After receiving an RTS, the wireless
station responds with a Clear to Send (CTS) frame to acknowledge the right
to begin transmission. Fill the range from 0 to 2347 into this blank.
Beacons are packets sent by an access point to synchronize a wireless
Beacon Interval
network. Specify a beacon interval value. The allowed setting range is
20-1024 ms.
92
PLCP is Physical layer convergence protocol and PPDU is PLCP protocol
data unit during transmission, the PSDU shall be appended to a PLCP
Preamble Type
preamble and header to create the PPDU. It has 2 options: Long Preamble
and Short Preamble.
Inter-Access Point Protocol is a recommendation that describes an optional
extension to IEEE 802.11 that provides wireless access-point
IAPP
communications among multivendor systems.
Protection
Please select to enable wireless protection or not.
Enable this function will combine several packets to one and transmit it. It
Aggregation
can reduce the problem when mass packets are transmitting.
Users can get better wireless transmission efficiency when they enable this
Short GI
function.
Users can adjust RF output power to get the best wireless network
RF Output Power
Apply
Reset
Changes
environment. Users can choose from 100%, 70%, 50%, 35%, and 15%.
&
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on Reset
to clear all the input data.
93
5.2.3
Wireless Security Setup
Here users define the security type and level of the wireless network. Selecting different methods
provides different levels of security. Please note that using any encryption may cause a significant
degradation of data throughput on the wireless link. There are five Encryption types supported:
“None”, “WEP”, “WPA (TKIP)”, ”WPA2(AES)”, and “WPA2 Mixed”.
1. Encryption -- WEP Key
1.1 Set WEP Key: This section provides 64bit and 128bit WEP encryptions and two different shared
key formats (ASCII and Hex) for wireless network.
94
802.1x Authentication: It is a safety system by using authentication to protect your wireless
network.
4. Encryption – WPA (WPA, WPA2, and WPA2 Mixed), WPA Authentication Mode
- Enterprise (RADIUS): Please fill in the RADIUS server Port, IP Address, and Password
- Personal (Pre-Shared Key): Pre-Shared Key type is ASCII Code; the length is between 8 to 63
characters. If the key type is Hex, the key length is 64 characters
95
5. Apply Change & Reset: Click on ‘Apply Changes’ to save setting data. Or click ‘Reset’ to reset all
the input data.
96
5.2.4
Wireless Access Control
Access Control allows user to block or allow wireless clients to access this router. Users can select the
access control mode, then add a new MAC address with a simple comment and click on “Apply
Changes”to save the new addition. To delete a MAC address, select its corresponding checkbox under
the Select column and click on “DeleteSelected” button.
Take the wireless card as the example.
(1) Here is the example. Please select Deny Listed in Wireless Access Control Mode first, and
then fill in the MAC address what you plan to block in the MAC Address field. Click Apply
Changes to save the setting.
97
(2) The MAC address what you set will be displayed on the Current Access Control List.
(3) The wireless client will be denied by the wireless router.
98
5.2.5
WDS Settings
When selected in the Basic Settings page and enabled here, Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
enables the router to be used as a wireless bridge. Two Wireless-G Routers in bridge mode can
communicate with each other through their wireless interfaces. To accomplish this, all wireless routers
should be set to the same channel and the MAC address of other AP / Routers should be entered in the
table.
The WDS explanation as the following picture.
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*Please follow the below instructions to setup the WDS connection.
(1) Please check the MAC address and Channel number from the upper lever device.
(2) Set the connection mode to “AP+WDS” from “Wireless Basic Setting”, and then select the channel
number(in this example is “11”). Click Apply Changes to save the setting.
100
(3) Enable WDS function from the page – “WDS Setting”, and then fill in the upper level device MAC
address. Click Apply Changes to save the setting data.
101
(4) The WDS AP List will show the WDS device MAC address after reboot.
(5) Set “Broadcast SSID” to disable from page “Wireless Basic Setting”.
102
(6) Go to the upper level device WDS setting page and fill in the MAC address
103
Input the MAC address here
(7) You will receive an IP address from the upper lever device.
104
5.2.6
WPS
This page allows user to change the setting for WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup). Using this feature could
let your wireless client atomically synchronize it‟s setting and connect to the Access Point in a minute
without any hassle. RB-1602 could support both Self-PIN or PBC modes, or use the WPS button (at
real panel) to easy enable the WPS function.
PIN model, in which a PIN has to be taken either from a sticker label or from the web interface of the
WPS device. This PIN will then be entered in the AP or client WPS device to connect.
PBC model, in which the user simply has to push a button, either an actual or a virtual one, on both
WPS devices to connect.
Please find the WPS button from the following illustrate
When users select a specific model on wireless base station, the clients can connect to the base by
selecting the same model.
The connection procedures of PIN and PBC are almost the same. The small difference between
those two is:
Users input the PIN of wireless card in the base station first; it will limit the range of the clients. It is
faster to establish a connection on PIN model.
On PBC model, users push the WPS button to activate the function, and then the wireless client must
push the WPS button in 2 mins to enter the network. The client will search to see if there is any
wireless base station which supports WPS is activating. If the client finds a matching base, the
connection will be established. The speed of establishing a connection is slower than the PIN model
105
because of this extra step.
106
On the other hand, users need to input the information of the wireless card into the register interface.
It might lead to the failure of connection, if users make mistakes on inputting. On PBC model, users
only need to click the WPS button on both sides to make a connection. It is easier to operate.
This page supports Start PBC and Start PIN; please read the following instructions
* Start PBC:
(1) Click Start PBC to connect to the wireless network card.
(2) Click OK to start WPS process.
(3) Open the configuration page of the wireless card. Click the Wi-Fi Protect Setup, and then click
PBC to start the WPS process.
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(4) The WPS is being processed.
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(5) The USB dongle will receive the connection information from wireless router if the dongle has
connected to the wireless router successfully.
* Start PIN:
(1.) Get the WPS PIN number from wireless card and write it down.
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(2) Fill in the PIN number from the wireless card in Client PIN Number field, and then click “Start PIN”.
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(3) Click OK to starts process.
(4) Click PIN to start the WPS process with the wireless router.
(5) Click No, then USB Dongle will select AP automatically.
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(6) WPS is in processing.
(7) The following page shows the wireless card has already connected to the wireless router.
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5.3 System Management
It has 6 sections: Change Password, Firmware Upgrade, Profiles Save, Time Zone Setting, UPnP
Setting, and Language Setting. It is easy and helpful for users making more detailed settings.
5.3.1 Change Password
Users can set or change user name and password used for accessing the web management
interface in this section.
Please input the
new user name,
password here
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on Reset to clear all the input data.
5.3.2
Firmware Upgrade
This function can upgrade the firmware of the router. There is certain risk while doing firmware
upgrading. Firmware upgrade is not recommended unless the significant faulty is found and published
on official website. If you feel the router has unusual behaviors and is not caused by the ISP and
environment. You can check the website (http://www.cnet.com.tw) to see if there is any later version of
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firmware. Download the firmware to your computer, click Browser and point to the new firmware file.
Click Upload to upgrade the firmware. You can‟t make any move unless the machine reboot
completely.
Caution: To prevent that firmware upgrading is interrupted by other wireless signals and
causes failure. We recommend users to use wired connection during upgrading.
Caution: The firmware upgrade will not remove your previous settings.
* Reset button:
On the front of this router, there is a reset button. If you cannot login the administrator page by
forgetting your password; or the router has problem you can‟t solve. You can push the reset button for
10 seconds with a stick. The router will reboot and all settings will be restored to factory default settings.
If the problem still exists, you can visit our web site to see if there is any firmware for download to solve
the problem.
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5.3.1
Profile Save
Users can create a backup file that contains current router settings. This backup file can be used to
restore router settings. This is especially useful in the event you need to reset the router to its default
settings.
a. Save Configuration
(1) Click Save
(2) Please click “Save” to save the configuration to your computer.
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(3) Select the location which you want to save file, then click Save.
b. Load configuration file
(1) Click Browser
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(2) Select configuration file then click Open
(3) Click Upload to upload configuration file to RB-1602.
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(4) After 90 seconds, RB-1602 will reboot automatically.
(C) Reload factory default setting
1. Please click Reset
(2) Please click OK to start reload factory default setting to RB-1602.
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(3) After 90 seconds, RB-1602 will reboot automatically.
5.3.2
Time Zone Setting
Users can synchronize the local clock on the router to an available NTP server (optional). To complete
this setting, enable NTP client update and select the correct Time Zone.
Please select
the time zone
Item
Description
Current Time
Users can input the time manually.
Time Zone Select
Please select the time zone.
Enable NTP client update
Please select to enable NTP client update or not.
Automatically Adjust
Please select to enable Automatically Adjust Daylight Saving or not.
Daylight Saving
NTP Server
Please select the NTP server from the pull-down list, or you can enter
the NTP server IP address manually.
Apply Changes & Reset &
Please click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may
Refresh
click on Reset to clear all the input data. Or you may click on Refresh
to update the system time on the screen.
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5.3.3
UPnP Setting
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a standard of networking protocols promulgated by the UPnP
Forum. The goals of UPnP are to allow devices to connect seamlessly and to simplify the
implementation of networks in the home (data sharing, communications, and entertainment) and in
corporate environments for simplified installation of computer components. RB-1602 supports UPnP
function, and can cooperate with other UPnP devices. When you activate UPnP, please click My
Network Places. Users will see an Internet Gateway Device icon. By click the icon, users can enter
the GUI of the router. If you do not wish to use UPnP, you can disable it.
*Enable/Disable UPnP
Select to enable or disable this function.
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5.3.4 Log & Status
The category provides Network Config and Event Log status for users to know the operation status.
5.3.5 Network Config
Users can check the Internet status under this category, including Firmware version, Wireless setting,
Connecting Time, WAN, TCP/IP …information.
5.3.6 Event Log
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You may enable the event log feature here.
122
Item
Description
Enable Log
You may choose to enable Event Log or not.
System all, Wireless, & DoS
Please select the event you want to record.
Enable Remote Log
You may choose to enable the remote event log or not.
Log Server IP Address
Please input the log server IP Address.
Apply Changes & Refresh &
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Click on Refresh to
Clear
renew the system time, or on Clear to clear all the record.
* The following figure is an example when users click Apply Changes to record the event log.
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5.4 Logout
This function logs out the user.
Click on Apply Change to logout.
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Chapter 6
6.1
Advanced Configuration for Wi-Fi AP Mode
IP Config
In this category, you can setup the IP rules under WiFi-AP Mode.
Default IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Default IP subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
WEB login User Name: admin
WEB login Password: admin
6.1.1 IP Config -- LAN
6.1.2 LAN Interface Setup
This page is used to configure for local area network which connects to the LAN port of your Access
Point. Here users may change the setting for IP address, Subnet Mask, DHCP, etc.
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Item
Description
IP Address
The default IP address is 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask
Please enter the Subnet Mask address
Default Gateway
Please enter the Default Gateway address for LAN interface.
DHCP
Click to select Disabled, Client or Server in different operation mode
of LAN access point.
Fill in the start IP address and end IP address to allocate a range of IP
DHCP Client Range
addresses; client with DHCP function set will be assigned an IP
address from the range
Static DHCP
Device Name
Configures how static DHCP address are assigned to client (only
available when DHCP server is enabled)
Configures the device name of the router.
IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a link layer network
802.1d Spanning Tree
protocol that ensures a loop-free topology for any bridged LAN, This
function is optional.
Clone MAC Address
Apply Change & Reset
If your ISP asks you to enter a specific MAC Address, please input the
correct info at the column.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
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6.2 Wireless Setup
The category includes Basic Settings, Advanced Settings, Site Survey, Security, Access Control,
and WPS. Please read below for the setting instructions.
6.2.1 Wireless Basic Setting
The basic settings related to the wireless are specified as following.
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Item
Disable Wireless LAN
Description
Turn off the wireless function.
Interface
Band
Mode
Network Type
SSID
Please select the frequency. It has 6 options: 2.4 GHz
(B/G/N/B+G/G+N/B+G+N).
In Wi-Fi AP mode only support Clint mode
Please select the network type, it has 2 options: Infrastructure or Ad
hoc.
Service Set identifier, the default SSID is RB-1602, users can define to
any.
Channel Width
Please select the channel width, it has 2 options: 20MHZ, and 40MHZ.
Control Sideband
Enable this function will control your router use lower or upper channel.
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Broadcast SSID
User may choose to enable Broadcast SSID or not.
Data Rate
Please select the data transmission rate.
Associated Clients
Check the AP connectors and the Wireless connecting status.
Enable MAC Clone (Single
Clone the MAC address for ISP to identify.
Ethernet Client)
Enable Universal Repeater
Allow to equip with the wireless way conjunction upper level, provide
Mode (Action as AP and
the bottom layer user link in wireless and wired way in the meantime.
Client simultaneously)
(Please check Note 1).
SSID of Extended Interface
Apply Changes & Reset
While linking the upper level device in wireless way, you can set SSID
to give the bottom layer user search.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
Note.
1. Enable Universal Repeater Mode (Acting as AP and Client simultaneously)
Allow to equip with the wireless way conjunction upper level, provide the bottom layer user link in
wireless and wired way in the meantime. (The IP that bottom layer obtains is from upper level.)
Ex: When users enable the Universal Repeater to connect to the upper level device, please input
the channel and SSID of the upper level device on router‟s GUI. Click on Apply Changes to save
the settings. (The DHCP in IP config needs to be disabled.)
Users can go to the network Config section and check the information of upper level in Wireless
Repeater Interface Configuration.
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Caution: when users enable the wireless encryption. The upper level and lower devices can
connect to each other even if their encryption types are not the same.
6.2.2 Wireless Advanced Settings
Please complete the wireless advanced settings as following instructions.
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Item
Description
To identify the maxima length of packet, the over length packet will be
Fragment Threshold
fragmentized. The allowed range is 256-2346, and default length is
2346 Bytes.
This value should remain at its default setting of 2347. The range is
0~2347. Should you encounter inconsistent data flow, only minor
modifications are recommended. If a network packet is smaller than
the present RTS threshold size, the RTS/CTS mechanism will not be
RTS Threshold
enabled. The router sends Request to Send (RTS) frames to a
particular receiving station and negotiates the sending of a data frame.
After receiving an RTS, the wireless station responds with a Clear to
Send (CTS) frame to acknowledge the right to begin transmission. Fill
the range from 0 to 2347 into this blank.
Beacons are packets sent by an access point to synchronize a wireless
Beacon Interval
network. Specify a beacon interval value. The allowed setting range is
20-1024 ms.
Preamble is the first subfield of PPDU, which is the appropriate frame
format form transmission to PHY (Physical layer). There are two
Preamble Type
options, Short Preamble and Long Preamble. The Short Preamble
option improves throughput performance. Select the suit Preamble as
Short or Long Preamble.
Inter Access Point Protocol. Allow seamless roaming between Access
IAPP
Points in your wireless network.
Protection
Aggregation
Please select to enable wireless protection or not.
Enable this function will combine several packets to one and transmit
it. It can reduce the problem when mass packets are transmitting.
Users can get better wireless transmission efficiency when they enable
Short GI
this function.
RF Output Power
Apply Changes & Reset
Users can adjust the RF output power to get the best wireless
connection. Users can choose from 100%, 70%, 50%, 35%, and 15%.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on
Reset to clear all the input data.
6.2.3 Wireless Site Survey
This function provides users to search existing wireless APs or wireless base stations from ISP. You
can connect to a wireless AP manually in Wi-Fi AP mode. The designed AP will appear on SSID column
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in Wireless Basic Setup page.
Please click on Refresh to refresh the list. Click Connect after select an existing AP to connect.
6.2.4 Wireless Security Setup
4 encryption types could be selected here, please follow below instructions for the setting.
1. Encryption – WEP
1.1 Set WEP Key
This section provides 64bit and 128bit WEP encryptions for wireless network. Users can also
choose ASCII and Hex shared Key format to protect data.
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1.2 802.1x Authentication
It is a safety system by using authentication to protect your wireless network.
Please choose between WEP 64bits and WEP 128bits.
2. Encryption – WPA(WPA、WPA2 & WPA2 Mixed)
WPA Authentication Mode
2.1 Enterprise (RADIUS)
Please input the Port, IP Address, and Password of Authentication RADIUS Server.
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2.2 Personal(Pre-Shared Key)
Pre-Shared Key type is ASCII Code; the length is between 8 to 63 character. If the key type is Hex,
the key length is 64 characters.
3. Apply Changes & Reset
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on Reset to clear all the input
data.
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6.2.5 Wireless Access Control
The function of access control is to allow or deny users to access the router by according MAC address,
it is optional. If you select Allowed Listed, then only those clients whose MAC address is listed on
access control can connect to your base station. If you select Deny Listed, those clients whose MAC
addressis listed on access control can‟t connect to your base station.
Users may enable
or disable this
function.
Take the wireless card as the example.
(1) We will use Deny Listed as an example. Please select Deny Listed in Wireless Access Control
Mode first, and then input the MAC address of wireless card in MAC Address field. Click Apply
Changes to save the setting data.
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(2) You will find out that the MAC address appears on Current Access Control List, it means the
initiation is completed.
(3) Please open wireless card UI and try to connect to this router. You will find out that the connection
request will be denied.
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6.2.6 WPS Setting
Wi-Fi Protected Setup, it can simplify the procedures of wireless encryption between RB-1602 and
other Wireless Router or Access Point. If your Wireless Router or Access Point also supports WPS
function, users can activate WPS auto-encryption to speed up the procedures.
WPS supports 2 models: PIN (Personal Information Number) and PBC (Push Button Configuration).
These models are approved by the Wi-Fi Alliance.
PIN model, in which a PIN has to be taken either from a sticker label or from the web interface of the
WPS device. This PIN will then be entered in the AP or client WPS device to connect.
PBC model, in which the user simply has to push a button, either an actual or a virtual one, on both
WPS devices to connect.
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*The following figure is the display of the front of RB-1602.
When users select a specific model on wireless base station, the clients can connect to the base by
selecting the same model.
The connection procedures of PIN and PBC are almost the same. The small difference between
those two is:
Users input the PIN of wireless card in the base station first; it will limit the range of the clients. It is
faster to establish a connection on PIN model.
On PBC model, users push the WPS button to activate the function, and then the wireless client must
push the WPS button in 2 mins to enter the network. The client will search to see if there is any
wireless base station which supports WPS is activating. If the client finds a matching base, the
connection will be established. The speed of establishing a connection is slower than the PIN model
because of this extra step.
On the other hand, users need to input the information of the wireless card into the register interface.
It might lead to the failure of connection, if users make mistakes on inputting. On PBC model, users
only need to click the WPS button on both sides to make a connection. It is easier to operate.
This page supports Start PBC and Start PIN; please follow the instructions to operate.
* Start PBC:
(1) Please click Start PBC to connect to the other Wireless Router.
138
(2) Please click OK to start WPS process.
(3) Open the configuration page of the Wireless Router, like RB-1232 which supports WPS. Click the
WPS page, and then click Start PBC to make a WPS connection.
139
(4) Click OK to start WPS process.
(5) When WPS process finish, please check the Wireless Configuration of RB-1602, you can find
RB-1602 already connect to RB-1232 via WPS.
* Start PIN:
(1) Please open the WPS configuration page of the RB-1602 to get a PIN number, and write it
140
down.
(2) Please click OK to start WPS process..
(3) Open the configuration page of the Wireless Router, like RB-1232 which supports WPS. Click the
WPS page, fill the WPS PIN code.
141
(4) Click OK to starts process.
(5) When WPS process finish, please check the Wireless Configuration of RB-1602, you can find
RB-1602 already connect to RB-1232 via WPS.
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6.3
System Management
It has 6 sections: Change Password, Firmware Upgrade, Profiles Save, Time Zone Setting, UPnP
Setting, and Language Setting. It is easy and helpful for users making more detailed settings.
6.3.1 Change Password
Users can set or change their password in this section.
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may click on Reset to clear all the input data.
6.3.2 Firmware Upgrade
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This function can upgrade the firmware of the router. There is certain risk while doing firmware
upgrading. Firmware upgrade is not recommended unless the significant faulty is found and published
on official website. If you feel the router has unusual behaviors and is not caused by the ISP and
environment. You can check the website (http://www.cnet.com.tw) to see if there is any later version of
firmware. Download the firmware to your computer, click Browser and point to the new firmware file.
Click Upload to upgrade the firmware. You can‟t make any move unless the machine reboot
completely.
Please download
the firmware to
your pc first, and
then upload it to
router.
Caution: To prevent that firmware upgrading is interrupted by other wireless signals and causes
failure. We recommend users to use wired connection during upgrading.
Caution: The firmware upgrade will not remove your previous settings.
* Reset button:
On the front of this router, there is a reset button. If you cannot login the administrator page by
forgetting your password; or the router has problem you can‟t solve. You can push the reset button for 5
seconds with a stick. The router will reboot and all settings will be restored to factory default settings. If
the problem still exists, you can visit our web site to see if there is any firmware for download to solve
the problem.
144
6.3.1
Profile Save
Users can create a backup file that contains current router settings. This backup file can be used to
restore router settings. This is especially useful in the event you need to reset the router to its default
settings.
Save to computer
Upload the file from
PC to router
Reset to default.
a. Save Configuration
(1) Click Save
145
(2) Please click “Save” to save the configuration to your computer.
(3) Select the location which you want to save file, then click Save.
146
b. Load configuration file
(1) Click Browser
(2) Select configuration file then click Open
147
(3) Click Upload to upload configuration file to RB-1602.
(4) After 90 seconds, RB-1602 will reboot automatically.
(C) Reload factory default setting
1. Please click Reset
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(2) Please click OK to start reload factory default setting to RB-1602.
(3) After 90 seconds, RB-1602 will reboot automatically.
6.3.2
Time Zone Setting
Users can synchronize the local clock on the router to an available NTP server (optional). To complete
this setting, enable NTP client update and select the correct Time Zone.
149
Please select
the time zone
Item
Description
Current Time
Users can input the time manually.
Time Zone Select
Please select the time zone.
Enable NTP client update
Please select to enable NTP client update or not.
Automatically Adjust
Please select to enable Automatically Adjust Daylight Saving or not.
Daylight Saving
NTP Server
Please select the NTP server from the pull-down list, or you can enter
the NTP server IP address manually.
Apply Changes & Reset &
Please click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Or you may
Refresh
click on Reset to clear all the input data. Or you may click on Refresh
to update the system time on the screen.
150
6.3.3
UPnP Setting
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a standard of networking protocols promulgated by the UPnP
Forum. The goals of UPnP are to allow devices to connect seamlessly and to simplify the
implementation of networks in the home (data sharing, communications, and entertainment) and in
corporate environments for simplified installation of computer components. RB-1602 supports UPnP
function, and can cooperate with other UPnP devices. When you activate UPnP, please click My
Network Places. Users will see an Internet Gateway Device icon. By click the icon, users can enter
the GUI of the router. If you do not wish to use UPnP, you can disable it.
*Enable/Disable UPnP
Select to enable or disable this function.
6.4
Log & Status
The category provides Network Config and Event Log status for users to know the operation status.
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6.4.1 Network Config
Users can check the Internet status under this category, including Firmware version, Wireless setting,
Connecting Time, WAN, TCP/IP …information.
6.4.2 Event Log
You may enable the event log feature here.
Please select to enable log function.
Item
Description
152
Enable Log
You may choose to enable Event Log or not.
System all, Wireless, & DoS
Please select the event you want to record.
153
Enable Remote Log
You may choose to enable the remote event log or not.
Log Server IP Address
Please input the log server IP Address.
Apply Changes & Refresh &
Click on Apply Changes to save the setting data. Click on Refresh to
Clear
renew the system time, or on Clear to clear all the record.
* The following figure is an example when users click Apply Changes to record the event log.
6.5
Logout
This function logs out the user.
Click on Apply Change to
logout.
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Chapter 7
DDNS Account Setup
You can assign a fixed host and domain name to a dynamic Internet IP address. Each time the router
boots up, it will re-register its domain-name-to-IP-address mapping with the DDNS service provider.
This is the way Internet users can access the router through a domain name instead of its IP address.
【Step 1】
Please visit the website http://www.dyndns.com/, and click on Sign Up Now.
【Step 2】
Please fulfill the requested information at the column, and click on Create Account when finished. (The
information shown on the screen is for your reference only)
155
【Step 3】
When the below window appears, you already finish the registration. Please check your E-mail box,
and you will receive an e-mail from the DynDNS.
156
【Step 4】
Please open the email sent from DynDNS.
Click on the link to confirm your account.
157
【Step 5】
Please click on login.
【Step 6】
Please click on My Services under the Account Summary for the linkage.
【Step 7】
Please click on Add Host Services.
158
【Step 8】
Please click on Add Dynamic DNS Host.
【Step 9】
1. Please input the account you applied.
2. Please select the hostname preferred at the drop-down menu.
3. Please click on Add Host to add the name.
159
1
2
3
【Step 10】
When the below window appears, it means your hostname is created.
160
Chapter 8
8.1
1.
Q&A
Installation
Q: Where is the XDSL Router installed on the network?
A: In a typical environment, the Router is installed between the XDSL line and the LAN.
Plug the XDSL Router into the XDSL line on the wall and Ethernet port on the Hub
(switch or computer).
2.
Q: Why does the throughput seem slow?
A: To achieve maximum throughput, verify that your cable doesn’t exceed 100 meter. If
you have to do so, we advise you to purchase a bridge to place it in the middle of the
route in order to keep the quality of transmitting signal. Out of this condition you
would better test something else.
z
Verify network traffic does not exceed 37% of bandwidth.
z
Check to see that the network does not exceed 10 broadcast messages per
second.
z
8.2
1.
Verify network topology and configuration.
LED
Why doesn’t 11n Broadband Router power up?
A: Check if the output voltage is suitable, or check if the power supply is out of order.
2.
The Internet browser still cannot find or connect to 11n Broadband Router after
verifying the IP address and LAN cable, the changes cannot be made, or password
is lost.
A: In case 11n Broadband Router is inaccessible, you can try to restore its factory
default settings. Please press the “Reset” button and keep it pressed for over 7
seconds and the light of STATUS will vanish. The LEDs will flash again when reset
is successful.
3.
Why does 11n Broadband Router shut down unexpectedly?
A: Re-plug your power adapter. Then, check the STATUS indicator; if it is off, the
internal flash memory is damaged. For more help, please contact with your provider.
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8.3
1.
IP Address
Q: What is the default IP address of the router for LAN port?
A: The default IP address is 192.168.1.1 with subnet mask 255.255.255.0
2.
Q: I don't know my WAN IP.
A: There are two ways to know.
Way 1: Check with your Internet Service Provider.
Way 2: Check the setting screen of 11n Broadband Router. Click on Status & Log
item to select Network Configuration on the Main Menu. WAN IP is
shown on the WAN interface.
3.
How can I check whether I have static WAN IP Address?
A: Consult your ISP to confirm the information, or check Network Configuration in 11n
Broadband Router’s Main Menu.
4.
Will the Router allow me to use my own public IPs and Domain, or do I have to use
the IPs provided by the Router?
A: Yes, the Router mode allows for customization of your public IPs and Domain.
8.4
1.
OS Setting
Why can’t my computer work online after connecting to 11n Broadband Router?
A: It’s possible that your Internet protocol (TCP/IP) was set to use the following IP
address. Please do as the following steps. (Windows 2000 & XP) Start>Settings>
Network and Dial-up Connections>double click on Internet Protocol(TCP/IP)
>select obtain IP address automatically> Click on OK button. Then, open
Internet browser for testing. If you still can’t go online, please test something else
below.
z
Verify network configuration by ensuring that there are no duplicate IP addresses.
z
Power down the device in question and ping the assigned IP address of the
device. Ensure no other device responds to that address.
1. Check that the cables and connectors or use another LAN cable.
2.
Q:
Web page hangs, corrupt downloads, or nothing but junk characters is being
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displayed on the screen. What do I need to do?
A: Force your NIC to 10Mbps or half duplex mode, and turn off the "Auto-negotiate"
feature of your NIC as a temporary measure. (Please look at the Network Control
Panel, in your Ethernet Adapter's Advanced Properties tab.)
3.
Q: Why can't I connect to the Web Configuration?
A: you can remove the proxy server settings in your web browser.
8.5
1.
11n Broadband Router Setup
Q: Why does 11n Broadband Router’s setup page shut down unexpectedly?
A: If one of the pages appears incompletely in 11n Broadband Router’s setup pages,
please click on Logout item on the Main Menu before shutting it down. Don’t keep it
working. Then, close Internet browser and open it again for going back to the
previous page.
2.
Q:
Why can’t my USB devices and LAN ports work properly after setting the
DHCP?
A: There are two rules over here.
Rule1: After connecting USB devices, please reboot your Router.
Rule2: Before finishing the DHCP setup, please don‟t connect any computer to LAN
ports, because the conflict of having the same IP may occur and cause some
computers a lot of trouble.
※Notice: Make sure that you always click on the Apply button after configuring
each setting. And in order to let other LAN ports work properly, please reboot
your PC.
3.
Q:
I don’t know how to configure DHCP.
A: DHCP is commonly used in the large local network. It allows you to manage and
distribute IP addresses from 2 to 254 throughout your local network via 11n
Broadband Router. Without DHCP, you would have to configure each computer
separately. It’s very troublesome. Please Open Internet browser > Input 192.168.1.1
in the website blank field > Select DHCP Server under the IP Config Menu. For
more information, please refer to 3.3.2 (Router Mode) or 4.3.1 (AP Mode).
4.
Q: How do I upgrade the firmware of 11n Broadband Router?
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A: Periodically, a new Flash Code is available for 11n Broadband Router on your
product supplier’s website. Ideally, you should update 11n Broadband Router’s Flash
Code using Upgrade Firmware on the System Management menu of 11n
Broadband Router Settings.
5.
Q: My 11N Broadband Router cannot connect to the ISP?
A: There are three possible solutions.
1. Check the Cable/XDSL modem is power on.
2. Check the Cable/XDSL link light is on to verify a good physical connection.
3. Check the WAN port LED to verify if the Cable/XDSL modem is connected to the
router:
If your ISP Login method is following, please make sure the username and password
are correct or not.
If your ISP is using dynamic IP addressing (DHCP) then the DHCP protocol does not
have the authentication feature. Some Cable service providers often use the following
6.
to determine user‟s identification.
Q: Why is that I can ping to outside hosts, but cannot access Internet websites?
A: Check the DNS server settings on your PC. You should get the DNS servers settings
from your ISP. If your PC is running a DHCP client, remove any DNS IP address
setting. As the router assign the DNS settings to the DHCP-client-enabled PC.
7.
Q: 11n Broadband Router couldn’t save the setting after click on Apply button?
A: 11n Broadband Router will start to run after the setting finished applying, but the
setting isn’t written into memory. Here we suggest if you want to make sure the
setting would be written into memory, please reboot the device via Reboot under
System Management directory.
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8.6
1.
Wireless LAN
Q: Why couldn’t my wireless notebook work on-line after checking?
A: Generally, Wireless networks can sometimes be very complicated to set up,
particularly if you're dealing with encryption and products from different vendors.
Any number of variables can keep your workstations from talking to each other. Let's
go over some of more common ones.
For starters, verify that your router and your workstation are using the same SSID
descriptions. SSID acts as a password when a mobile device tries to connect to the
wireless network. The SSID also differentiates one WLAN from another, so all
access points and all devices attempting to connect to a specific WLAN must use the
same SSID. A workstation will not be permitted to connect to the network unless it
can provide this unique identifier. This is similar to the function of your network's
Workgroup or Domain name.
When you're experiencing conductivity problems, it is always best to keep things
simple. So next you are going to do is that, please disable any WEP encryption you
might have configured.
Successful implementation of encryption also includes the use of a shared key. A
HEX key is the most common, but other formats are also used. This key identifies
the workstation to the router as a trusted member of this network. Different
manufacturers can implement this key technology in ways that might prevent them
from working correctly with another vendor's products. So pay attention to detail is
going to be the key to a successful installation.
Next make sure the router and the NIC are configured to use the same
communications channel. There are normally 11 of them, and the default channel can
also vary from vendor to vendor. You might also want to confirm that the router has
DHCP services enabled and an address pool configured. If not, the NIC won't be able
to pick up an IP address. I have run across a few access points that offer DHCP
services but do not assign all of the needed IP information to the NIC. As a result, I
was able to connect to the network, but could not browse the web. The point is, don't
assume anything. Verify for yourself that all of the required settings are being
received by the workstation.
Finally, you might want to keep the system you're trying to configure in the same
room as the router, at least during the initial configuration, in order to minimize
potential interference from concrete walls or steel beams.
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2.
Q: My PC can’t locate the Wireless Access Point.
A: Check the following:
z
Your PC is set to Infrastructure Mode. (Access Points are always in Infrastructure
Mode.)
z
The SSID on your PC and the Wireless Access Point are the same. Remember
that the SSID is case-sensitive. So, for example “Workgroup” does NOT match
“workgroup”.
z
Both your PC and the Wireless Access Point must have the same setting for WEP.
The default setting for the Wireless Router is disabled, so your wireless station
should also have WEP disabled.
z
If WEP is enabled on the Wireless Router, your PC must have WEP enabled, and
the key must match.
z
If the Wireless Router‟s Wireless screen is set to Allow LAN access to selected
Wireless Stations only, then each of your Wireless stations must have been
selected, or access will be blocked.
z
To see if radio interference is causing a problem, see if connection is possible
when close to the Wireless Access Point. Remember that the connection range
can be as little as 100 feet in poor environments.
3.
Q: Wireless connection speed is very slow.
A: The wireless system will connect at highest possible speed, depending on the distance
and the environment. To obtain the highest possible connection speed, you can
experiment with following:
z
Access Point location: Try adjusting the location and orientation of the Access
Point.
z
Wireless Channel: If interference is the problem, changing to another channel
may show a marked improvement.
z
Radio Interference: Other devices may be causing interference. You can
experiment by switching other devices off, and see if this helps. Any “noisy”
devices should be shielded or relocated.
z
RF Shielding: Your environment may tend to block transmission between the
wireless stations. This will mean high access speed is only possible when close
to the Access Point.
4.
Q: Some applications do not run properly when using the Wireless Router.
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A: The Wireless Router processes the data passing through it, so it is not transparent.
Use the Special Application feature to allow the use of Internet applications which do
not function correctly. If this does solve the problem, you can use the DMZ function.
This should work with almost every application, but:
5.
z
It is a security risk, since the firewall is disabled.
z
Only one (1) PC can use this feature.
Q: I can’t connect to the Wireless Router to configure it.
A: Check the following:
z
The Wireless Router is properly installed, LAN connections are OK, and it is
powered ON.
z
Make sure that your PC and the Wireless Router are on the same network
segment.
z
If your PC is set to “Obtain an IP Address automatically” (DHCP client), restart it.
z
If your PC uses a Fixed (Static) IP address, make sure that it is using an IP
Address within the range 192.168.1.129 to 192.168.1.253 and thus compatible
with the Wireless Router‟s default IP Address of 192.168.1.254. Also, the
Network Mask should be set to 255.255.255.0 to match the Wireless Router. In
Windows, you can check these settings by using Control Panel ~ Network to
check the Properties for the TCP/IP protocol.
6.
Q: The WinXP wireless interface couldn’t communicate the WEP with 11n
Broadband Router’s wireless interface.
A: The default WEP of WinXP is Authentication Open System - WEP, but the WEP
of 11n Broadband Router is only for Shared Key - WEP, it caused both sides
couldn’t communicate. Please select the WEP of WinXP from Authentication Open
System to Pre-shared Key - WEP, and then the WEP wireless interface between
WinXP and 11n Broadband Router would be communicated.
8.7
1.
Support
Q: What is the maximum number of IP addresses that the XDSL Router will
support?
A: The Router will support to 253 IP addresses with NAT mode.
5. Q: Is the Router cross-platform compatible?
A: Any platform that supports Ethernet and TCP/IP is compatible with the Router.
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8.8
1.
Others
Q: Why can’t I receive corrupted FTP downloads?
A: If you are experiencing corrupted files when you download a file with your FTP
client, try using another FTP program.
2.
Q: Why does the router dial out for PPPoE mode very often?
A: Normally some of game, music or anti-virus program will send out packets that
trigger the router to dial out, you can close these programs. Or you can set the idle
time to 0, then control to dial out manually.
3.
Q: What can I do if there is already a DHCP server in LAN?
A: If there are two DHCP servers existing on the same network, it may cause conflict
and generate trouble. In this situation, we suggest to disable DHCP server in router
and configure your PC manually.
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