MODEL GWH 1600 PS
INDOOR MODEL
Standing pilot, thermostatically modulated
Suitable for heating potable water only
Not approved for space heating
For use with solar preheated water
6 720 606 518 US (2007.05) AL
MODEL GWH 1600 PS NG - Natural Gas
MODEL GWH 1600 PS LP - Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gas
Warning: If the information in this manual is not
followed exactly, a fire or explosion may result
causing property damage, personal injury or death.
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable
vapor and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other
appliance.
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service
or maintenance can cause injury or property
damage. Refer to this manual. For assistance or
additional information consult a qualified installer,
service agency or the gas supplier.
In the Commonwealth of Massachusettes the
installation must be performed by a licensed
plumber or gas fitter.
Upon completion of the installation, these
instructions should be handed to the user of the
appliance for future reference.
What to do if you smell gas
• Open windows
• Close gas valve.
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any
phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s
phone. Follow the gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire
department.
• Installation and service must be performed by a
qualified installer, service agency or the gas supplier.
Index
Index
1
Warning
2
2
2.1
3
2.2
2.3
2.4
Appliance details
GWH 1600 PS specifications
(Technical data)
Unpacking the GWH 1600 PS heater
General rules to follow for safe operation
Dimensions
3
4
4
5
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
Installation instructions
Introduction
Proper location for installing your heater
Heater placement and clearances
Mounting Heater
Combustion air requirements
Venting
Gas piping & connections
Measuring gas pressure
Water connections
Recirculation application
6
6
6
6
7
8
9
11
13
13
14
4
4.1
14
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
Operation instructions
For your safety read before operating
your water heater
Lighting instructions
To turn off appliance
Calibrating the thermostat
Winterizing
14
15
15
16
16
5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
Maintenance and service
Maintenance intervals
Water valve
Pilot
Main burners
Vent assembly
Mineral scale build-up
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11
6.12
Troubleshooting
Introduction
Pilot does not light
Pilot lights, but goes out when button released
Pilot goes out during or after hot water use
Burners do not light with water flow
Hot water temperature fluctuates at tap
Water is too hot
Water is not hot enough
Burners ignite without hot water flow
Low hot water pressure
Noise when heater is running
Burners do not operate cleanly;
yellow flames when operating
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
21
22
22
22
22
7
Protecting the environment
23
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
Interior components and diagram parts list
Interior components
Components diagram
Parts list
24
24
25
26
9
Twelve Year Limited Warranty
27
2
1
Warning
Warning: The heater must be isolated
from the gas supply piping system
during any pressure testing of that
system at test pressures equal to or
more than 0.5 psig.
Caution:
Any
changes
or
modifications not expressly approved
by the party responsible for compliance
could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Fig. 1
22
6 720 606 518
Appliance details
2
Appliance details
2.1
GWH 1600 PS specifications
(Technical data)
Approved in US/Canada
Capacity
GWH 1600 PS: 4.3 GPM
Maximum output
GWH 1600 PS: 96,600 Btu/hr
Maximum input
GWH 1600 PS: 117,000 Btu/hr
Efficiency in %
Recovery efficiency 80%
Dimensions
• Depth (in): 8 ¾” (222 mm)
• Width (in): 18 ¼” (463 mm)
• Height (in): 29 ¾” (756 mm)
• Weight: 44 lb (20 kg).
Gas types
Natural Gas.
LP Gas
Safety devices
• Flame failure device (ionization thermocouple)
• Pressure relief valve (supplied with heater)
• Over heat prevention (temperature limiter).
Min. Output
GWH 1600 PS: 23,400 Btu/hr
Gas Requirement
Gas connection (inches) - ½” NPT
Inlet gas pressure under maximum operation*
• Propane: 10.5” - 14” water column
• Natural Gas: 5.7” - 14” water column.
* To measure Gas Pressure, see Measuring Gas
Pressure, chapter 3.8.
Venting
• Natural Draft
• Vent diameter (inches) - 5”
• Minimum height (feet) - 6’ with no elbows
• Vertical termination
• Sidewall termination only with AQ1 power vent kit.
Water
• Hot water connection (inches) - ½” NPT
• Cold water connection (inches) - ½” NPT
• Water valve material: Brass
• Minimum water flow: 0.5 gallon/minute (1.9 l/m)
• Minimum recommended water pressure: 30 PSI
(2.07 bar)
• Connections:
– Bottom of heater
6 720 606 518
3
Appliance details
2.2
Unpacking the GWH 1600 PS
heater
This heater is packed securely.
Before installing the unit, be certain you have the
correct heater for your type of Gas - Propane or
Natural Gas. Identification labels are found on the
shipping box, and on the rating plate sticker which is
located on the right side panel of the cover.
In Canada: The Installation must conform with CGA
B149.(1,2) INSTALLATION CODES and /or local
installation codes.
• 2. You must vent your heater. See section on
VENTING.
• 3. Carefully plan where you install the heater. Correct
combustion air supply and vent pipe installation are
very important. If not installed correctly, fatal
accidents can be caused by lack of air, carbon
monoxide poisoning or fire.
• 4. The appliance and its gas connection must be leak
tested before placing the appliance in operation. The
appliance must be isolated from the gas supply
piping system by closing its individual manual gas
shutoff valve (not supplied with heater) during any
pressure testing at pressures in excess of ½ Psig
(3.5 kPa).
• 5. Keep water heater area clear and free from
combustibles and flammable liquids. Do not locate
the heater over any material which might burn.
Fig. 2
A
B
Rating plate sticker
Serial number
Type of gas
The box includes:
• Pressure relief valve
• Mounting screws
• Product registration card
• Installation manual (additional copies can be
downloaded at www.boschwaterheating.com)
• 6. Correct gas pressure is critical for the optimum
operation of this heater. Gas piping must be sized to
provide the required pressure at the maximum output
of the heater, while all the other gas appliances are in
operation. Check with your local gas supplier, and
see chapter 3.7 and 3.8 to verify proper gas line
sizing.
• 7. Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail to
shut off, turn off the gas supply at the manual gas
shut off valve, on the gas line. Note: manual gas
shutoff valve is not supplied with the heater.
Please complete and return the enclosed product
registration card.
• 8. Do not use this appliance if any part has been
underwater. Immediately call a qualified service
technician to inspect the appliance and to replace
any part of the control system and any gas control
which has been underwater.
The GWH 1600 PS is not approved or designed
for:
• 9. Failure to install heater correctly may lead to
unsafe operation and void the warranty.
• Manufactured (mobile) homes, RV's, boats or any
mobile installation
• 10. The heater must not be installed in an unheated
area where temperatures will reach 36°F or lower. If
the heater is left in an area susceptible to such
temperatures, refer to section 4.5 on Winterizing.
• Incandescent particle tray.
• Heating or other recirculating/pumping applications*
• Installation in a bathroom, bedroom or any other
habitable room normally kept closed.
* This includes domestic hot water circulator pump loop
systems that may be installed in home hot water system
prior to installing this unit. An approved recirculation
design can be found in chapter 3.10.
2.3
General rules to follow for safe
operation
• 11. In areas where water supply has a high mineral
content, a water softener is strongly recommended.
Damage to the water heater resulting from hard
water/scale deposits will not be covered under
warranty.
i
BOSCH is constantly improving its
products, therefore specifications are
subject to change without prior notice.
• 1. You must follow these instructions when you
install your heater. In the United States: The
installation must conform with local codes or, in the
absence of local codes, the National Fuel Gas Code
ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54.
4
6 720 606 518
Appliance details
2.4
Dimensions
Fig. 3
Dimensions in Inches and (mm)
4
5
11
20
36
37
38
39
40
49
50
51
52
53
Heat exchanger
Burner
Water valve
Gas connection
Front cover
Holes for hanging on wall
Exhaust pipe union
Draft diverter
Gas valve
Observation window
Piezo Igniter button
Off button
Pilot button
On button
Dimensions
inches (mm)
GWH 1600 PS
A
18.25” (461)
B
29.75” (755)
C
13.25” (334)
E
21.25” (540)
F
7.12” (181)
G
1.25” (32)
H
½”
Table 1 Dimensions in inches (mm)
6 720 606 518
5
Installation instructions
3
Installation instructions
3.1
Introduction
Warning: The heater must be isolated
from the gas supply piping system
during any pressure testing of that
system at test pressures equal to or
more than 0.5 psig.
Please follow these instructions. Failure to follow
instructions may result in:
B Damage or injury.
B Improper operation.
B Loss of warranty.
If you are unable to perform the tasks required to install
this heater properly, please contact a locally licensed
plumber or gas technician.
Please contact Bosch Water Heating with any
questions.
3.2
Proper location for installing your
heater
Carefully select the location of the water heater. For
your safety and for proper heater operation, you must
provide combustion air to the heater and a proper
exhaust vent system.
Follow the guidelines below:
B 1. Locate the heater where venting, gas and
plumbing connections are feasible and convenient.
B 2. The hot water lines should be kept short to save
energy. Centrally locating the water heater is best. It
is always best to have hot water lines insulated.
Warning: Place the heater in a location
where water leaks will do NO DAMAGE
to adjacent areas.
3.3
Heater placement and clearances
The GWH 1600 PS is design certified for installation on
a combustible wall (see 3.4 Mounting installation)
provided the floor covering below the heater is
noncombustible. For installations in an alcove or closet,
maintain the minimum clearances to combustible and
non-combustible materials listed below. See also Fig. 4.
A. Top 12 inches (306 mm)
B. Front 4 inches (100 mm)
C. Back 0 inches
D. Sides 4 inches (100 mm)
E. Bottom 12 inches (306 mm)
B 3. Do not install in a bathroom, bedroom or any other
habitable room normally kept closed.
Warning: The water in this water
heater is cold and always remains cold
except for the times that hot water is
being used. DO NOT INSTALL IN AN
AREA WHERE IT COULD FREEZE.
Drain the heater entirely if freezing
temperatures are anticipated in area
where heater is installed. See chapter
4.5 for draining instructions.
To prevent any freeze damage,
introduce short bursts of compressed
air
(20-40psi)
through
these
connections to remove the residual
water in the horizontal pipes and water
valve.
Model GWH 1600
Fig. 4
TOP (A)
12 inches (306 mm)
FRONT (B)
4 inches (100 mm)
BACK
0 inches
SIDES
4 inches (100 mm)
BOTTOM (C)
12 inches (306 mm)
Minimum clearances
Warning:
Flammable
materials,
gasoline, pressurized containers, or any
other items or articles that are potential
fire hazards must NOT be placed on or
adjacent to the heater. The appliance
area must be kept free of all
combustible materials, gasoline and
other flammable vapors and liquids.
6
6 720 606 518
Installation instructions
3.4
Mounting Heater
Warning: before starting installation:
B check that there are no loose parts
inside the appliance
B ensure that gas pipe, gas valve, and
burner have no damage and are
properly fitted.
B Read chapter 2.2 to verify proper gas
type and to check all parts are included
in box.
i
Front cover should be removed in order to
inspect components visually (see
instructions below).
Remove cover and inspect.
B Loosen the fixing screw, bottom of the front cover.
B Remove the outer cover by pulling it forwards and
then lifting upwards, see Fig. 6.
Fig. 6
Remove front cover
Fig. 7
Support board
Fig. 8
Secure heater to wall
B Ensure that the flue terminal is clear.
B After inspection, replace front cover.
Install incandescent particle tray.
B Install incandescent particle tray using screws
provided as shown in Fig. 5.
Screws
Incandescent particle tray
Fig. 5
Incandescent particle tray illustration
Mounting heater.
Warning:
B Do not install this appliance on a
carpeted wall.
The heater must be mounted on a wall using
appropriate anchoring materials. If wall is sheathed with
plasterboard, it is recommended that support board(s),
either 1x4’s or 1/2" (minimum) plywood first be
attached across a pair of studs and then the heater
should be attached to the support boards, see Fig. 7.
B Secure the two included L shaped hooks to wall
studs or support board 13 1/4” apart. (See Fig. 7).
B Hang heater on two L shaped hooks. (See Fig. 8).
6 720 606 518
7
Installation instructions
3.5
Combustion air requirements
The AquaStar water heater holds cold water in its
copper heat exchanger and water valve when not in use.
Because of this, any cold air that comes down through
the unit's vent pipe is capable of freezing these
components. This installation manual specifies the
minimum vertical vent pipe height and the amount of
combustion air required for this unit. When all
requirements are followed, the unit will operate properly
and safely. However, there may still be a risk of freezing
due to negative draft if all the combustion appliances in
the building are not being supplied with a sufficient
amount of make-up air. A wood stove or furnace can pull
cold air down the Aquastar's vent pipe, freezing the cold
water in the heat exchanger or water valve causing
damage. Supplying more combustion air for all
combustion appliances is the solution. A HVAC
specialist should be consulted to design solutions for
providing more make-up air if necessary. Observe the
following guidelines concerning combustion air.
Appliances located in unconfined spaces:
a) An unconfined space is one whose volume is greater
than 50 cubic feet per 1000 Btu per hour of the
combined rating of all appliances installed in the space.
That would be 5850 cubic feet for the AquaStar GWH
1600 PS alone.
b) Installations in structures that have been tightly
constructed (air infiltration rate of 0.40 ACH or less)
must be provided with combustion air per the National
Fuel Gas Code. Consult a HVAC specialist if your air
infiltration rate is questionable.
Appliances located in confined spaces:
The confined space must be provided with two
permanent openings, one commencing within 12
inches of the top and one commencing within 12 inches
of the bottom of the enclosure. Each opening must have
a minimum free area of one square inch per:
• 1000 Btu/hr if all air is taken from inside the building.
• 2000 Btu/hr if all air is taken from the outside by
horizontal ducts.
• 4000 Btu/hr if all air is taken from the outside by
direct openings or vertical ducts.
Or the confined space must be provided with one
permanent opening or duct that is within 12 inches of
the ceiling of the enclosure. This opening must have a
minimum free area of one square inch per:
• 3000 Btu/hr if all air is taken from the outside by a
direct opening or vertical duct.
Louvers, grills and screens have a blocking effect. If the
effective free area is not known, increase the sizes of
your openings by 400% if your louvers are wood and by
135% if your louvers are metal. Refer to the National
Fuel Gas Code for complete information. In buildings of
tight construction all air should be taken from outside.
8
6 720 606 518
Installation instructions
3.6
Venting
Danger: Do not reduce the vent pipe
size. Do not put an elbow directly on top
of heater. Failure to follow venting
requirements may cause deadly exhaust
gases to enter living space.
B Minimum vent pipe diameter: 5 inches
B Minimum vertical vent height: 6 feet, with no elbows
B Establish 12 inch rise before any elbow
The heater must be vented to the outside following all
local ordinances and specifications for installing a gas
appliance vent or chimney. The heater must be located
as close as practicable to a vertically rising chimney or
vent that has a listed vent cap at its termination point.
The venting system must be designed and constructed
so as to develop a positive flow adequate to remove flue
gasses to the outdoors. Consult the National Fuel Gas
Code if the vent will have elbows or share venting with
another natural draft appliance.
Warning: Do not combination vent with
a mechanically vented appliance.
B All gas vent sections must be secured to each other
with sheet metal screws and be properly supported.
Horizontal runs:
Any gas vent section that is greater than 45 degrees
from the vertical is considered horizontal. Horizontal
sections must slope upwards at least ¼ inch for every
foot of its horizontal length and be properly supported.
Keep the horizontal section short and avoid too many
elbows. The maximum horizontal run allowed is half of
the total vertical vent height; horizontal vent connectors
and elbows are not to be considered in the total gas
vent height.
Vent termination:
The gas vent constructed of double wall Type B gas
vent must terminate above the roof surface with a listed
vent cap at a height that's in accordance with Fig. 11
and table 2, provided they are at least 10 feet (2.4 m)
from a vertical wall or similar obstruction. All other gas
vents that are not able to terminate within the minimum
specified height allowed must terminate not less than 2
feet (0.6 m) above the highest point where it passes
through the roof and at least 2 feet (0.6 m) higher than
any vertical wall or similar obstruction within 10 feet (3.1
m).
LISTED VENT CAP
3.6.1
Horizontal venting
Warning: Horizontally venting to a
vertically constructed vent stack along
an outside wall of a building is not
permissible.
MINIMUM 6
FEET (1.8M)
Warning: Horizontally venting to a
sidewall vent terminator (without power
vent) is not permissible.
A power vent (model AQ1), with a proof-of-draft safety
interlock device, is required and is available for sidewall
venting. Contact your dealer. In the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts power vented applications must utilize
proof-of-draft safety interlock device.
3.6.2
LISTED GAS VENT
ESTABLISH A ONE
FOOT RISE BEFORE
ANY ELBOWS
Vertical venting
B A 5 inch diameter gas vent constructed of double
wall Type B gas vent is required. A 6 inch vent is
required in elevations greater than 2000 feet, see
Fig. 10. Under no circumstances should the vent
pipe be reduced in size.
B An approved gas vent connector must be attached
to the top of the water heater and rise vertically at
least 12" before entering into an approved gas vent
connector elbow.
Fig. 9
Flat roof
5” X 6” ADAPTOR
USED ON HIGH
ALTITUDE
B The minimum vertical gas vent height allowed is 6
feet; horizontal vent connectors and elbows are not
to be considered in the total gas vent height.
Fig. 10 Vent Adaptor for High Altitude Installations
6 720 606 518
9
Installation instructions
Masonry chimney
Masonry chimneys shall be built and installed in
accordance with NFPS 211 or local codes. A minimum
5" diameter gas vent pipe (metal double wall Type B),
or an approved clay flue liner or a listed chimney lining
system must be used when venting into a naturally
drafting, internal masonry chimney. 6 inch is required in
elevations greater than 2000 feet, see Fig. 10. Local
codes may require the use of both gas vent and an
approved lining system when venting into a masonry
chimney. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
requires the use of a listed liner. Lining systems include
approved clay flue lining, a listed chimney lining system
or other approved material that will resist corrosion,
erosion, softening, or cracking from exhaust flue gases
at temperatures up to 1800 degrees F. The lining
system must be listed for use with naturally drafting,
draft hood equipped gas appliances. Follow local
codes and refer to NFGC 54 and NFPA 58.
LOWEST DISCHARGE
OPENING
LISTED VENT CAP
H (minimum) height
from roof to lowest
discharge opening
X
12
ROOF
PITCH IS
X/12
MINIMUM 6
FEET (1.8M)
LISTED GAS VENT
ESTABLISH A ONE
FOOT RISE BEFORE
ANY ELBOWS
Existing interior masonry or tile lined chimney
The metal gas vent pipe should be permanently
mounted inside the masonry chimney. Double wall Type
B gas vent is recommended. The masonry chimney may
have to be tile or metal lined before the insertion of the
gas vent pipe; check local codes for clarification. The
lining material must be listed for use only with naturally
drafting, draft hood equipped gas appliances. Follow
manufactures instructions for installation of listed lining
material. You may not vent any other fuel burning
appliances into any free space remaining in the
chimney. The minimum vertical gas vent length within
the masonry chimney should be no less than 6 ft (1.8
m); the vent terminator should extend at least 3 feet (0.9
m) above where the chimney meets the roofline and at
least 2 feet (0.6 m) higher than any vertical wall or
similar obstruction within 10 feet (3.1 m). The top of the
gas vent must have an approved vent terminator. See
Fig. 12.
Fig. 11 Pitch roof
GAS VENT TERMINATIONS FOR LISTED VENT CAPS
Roof pitch
H (minimum) feet
meters
Flat to 6/12
1.0
0.30
6/12 to 7/12
1.25
0.38
Over 7/12 to 8/12
1.5
0.46
Over 8/12 to 9/12
2.0
0.61
Over 9/12 to 10/12
2.5
0.76
Over 10/12 to 11/12
3.25
0.99
Over 11/12 to 12/12
4.0
1.22
Over 12/12 to 14/12
5.0
1.52
Over 14/12 to 16/12
6.0
1.83
Over 16/12 to 18/12
7.0
2.13
Over 18/12 to 20/12
7.5
2.27
Over 20/12 to 21/12
8.0
2.44
Table 2
Exterior Masonry Chimney
Refer to the National Fuel Gas Code and consult a local
venting HVAC contractor. Not recommended in cold
climates.
GAS
VENT
LISTED
VENT CAP
VENT
CONNECTOR
Establish a
one foot
rise before
any elbows
Fig. 12 Masonry chimney
10
6 720 606 518
Installation instructions
3.7
Gas piping & connections
Before connecting the gas supply, check the rating
plate sticker on the right side of the heater to be sure
that the heater is rated for the same gas to which it will
be connected.
In the United States: The installation must conform with
local codes or, in the absence of local codes, the
National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54.
In Canada: The Installation must conform to CGA B149
INSTALLATION CODES and/or local installation
codes.
Mount regulator to gas inlet pipe as shown in Fig. 13.
The arrow on the back of the regulator indicates the
direction of gas flow and must point toward the
appliance.
B Install a union when connecting gas supply.
B Attach the supplied appliance regulator to the inlet
gas pipe.
B The minimum diameter required for any appliance
connector used is ¾”.
B National Fuel Gas Code requires that a sediment
trap (drip leg) be installed on gas appliances not so
equipped. The drip leg must be accessible and not
subject to freezing conditions. Install in accordance
with the recommendations of the serving gas
supplier.
When connections are made, check for gas leaks at all
joints. Apply some gas leak detection solution to all gas
fittings. Bubbles are a sign of a leak. A combustible gas
detector may also be used to detect for leaks.
Danger: If you have a leak, shut off the
gas. Tighten appropriate fittings to stop
leak. Turn the gas on and check again
with a gas leak detection solution.
Never test for gas leaks using a match
or flame.
HIGH ALTITUDE INSTALLATION
Fig. 13 Installation of Gas Pressure Regulator
Note: The GWH 1600 PS comes with a gas pressure
regulator. Not installing or altering the gas pressure
regulator will be a violation of CSA certification of the
unit. The regulator supplied with the heater is preset for
the gas shown on the rating plate to the correct
pressure. It is an appliance level regulator designed for
(low inlet) pressure (less than 1/2 Psig or 14" W.C.).
The pressure regulator provided with the heater is
adjusted to deliver the proper gas pressure (as
indicated on the rating plate and in the manual for
altitude up to 2000 feet (660 meters) above sea level.
On appliances being installed above 2000 ft (660
meters) elevation, the inlet gas pressure should be set
at installation to the value shown below.
Note: The gas pressures specified below refer to
pressures taken at the pressure tap on the gas inlet pipe
just above the regulator. See chapter 3.8 for measuring
gas pressure.
MAXIMUM INLET GAS FLOW PRESSURE SETTING
Nat. Gas
inches W.C.
Liquid Propane
inches W.C.
0’ - 2 000 ft
5.7”
10.5”
2 000 ft - 4 500 ft
4.6”
8.4”
Altitude
Warning: DO NOT connect to an
unregulated or high pressure propane
line or to a high pressure commercial
natural gas line.
Table 3 Above 4.500 ft consult your local gas provider
Warning: The heater must be isolated
from the gas supply piping system
during any pressure testing of that
system at test pressures equal to or
more than 0.5 psig. If overpressure has
occurred, such as through improper
testing of the gas lines or malfunction of
the supply system, the gas valve must
be checked for safe operation.
GAS CONNECTIONS
B Install a manual gas shut off valve, on the gas supply
line.
6 720 606 518
GAS LINE SIZING
The gas supply piping should be sized according to the
applicable code for a maximum draw of 117,000 BTUH.
Measure the length of gas supply line and use the tables
in Fig. 14 or the gas line manufacturer’s sizing tables to
determine the pipe diameter necessary to
accommodate the BTU demand of the unit. If there are
more gas appliances drawing on the same line, size the
gas line according to the total maximum amount of BTU
draw for all appliances.
Note: Under sizing the gas line may result in diminished
output and improper operation. See chapter 3.8 for the
procedure to confirm gas pressure.
11
Installation instructions
FOR NATURAL GAS
Maximum Capacity of pipe in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour for Gas Pressure of 0.5 Psig or less and a Pressure drop
of 0.3 in Water Column (0.75mbar).(Based on a 0.60 Specific Gravity Gas) Btu numbers given in thousands.
Copper tubing is prohibited for use with Natural Gas in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and not recommended
elsewhere.
Follow boxed numbers for piping just one GWH 1600 PS (example: ¾” B.I. Natural Gas pipe for 20 ft (6.1m). will
handle 190,000 btu’s (55.7 kWh). For multiple appliances combine the total btu input load and then refer to
applicable chart below.
Nominal
Iron
Length of Black Iron Pipe, Feet
Pipe
Internal
Size
Diameter
inches
inches
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
125
150
175
200
278
190
152
130
115
105
96
90
84
79
72
64
59
55
3/4
0.824
1
1.049
520
350
285
245
215
195
180
170
160
150
130
120
110
100
1 1/4
1.380
1050 730
590
500
440
400
370
350
320
305
275
250
225
210
Length of Flexible Corrugated Stainless Steel Tubing (CSST), Feet
Tube
size,
inches
EHD*
10
20
30
40
50
60
1/2
18 EHD 82
58
47
41
37
34
3/4
23 EHD 161 116
96
83
75
68
1
30 EHD 330 231
188
162
144
131
1 1/4
37 EHD 639 456
374
325
292
267
* EHD = Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter. The greater the
value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.
FOR LP GAS
Maximum Capacity of Pipe in Thousands of BTU per Hour of Undiluted Petroleum Gases (at 11 inches Water Column Inlet
Pressure) (Based on a Pressure Drop of 0.5 Inch Water Column).
* EHD = Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter. The greater the
value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.
N o m ina l
Length of Flexible Corrugated Stainless Steel Tubing (CSST), Feet
Black Iron Pipe
Iro n pipe
Tube
size
inches
Lenght of pipe, Feet
s ize
10
80
100
1/2
291 200 160 137 122 110 94
84
74
67
58
3/4
608 418 336 287 255 231 197 175
155
140
120
1
1145 787 632 541 480 434 372 330
292
265
227
inc he s
20
30
40
50
60
125
150
200
EHD*
10
20
30
40
50
60
1/2
18 EHD 129
91
74
3/4
23 EHD 254 183
151
64
58
53
131
118 107
1
30 EHD 521 365
297
256
227 207
1 1/4
37 EHD 971 661
528
449
397 359
Maximum Capacity of Semi-Rigid copper Tubing in
Thousands of BTU per Hour of Undiluted Liquefied
Petroleum Gases (at 11 inches Water Column Inlet
Pressure).
(Based on a Pressure Drop of 0.5 Inch Water Column)
* Source National Fuel Gas Code NFPA 54, ANSI Z223.1
- No Additional Allowance is necessary for an ordinary
number of fittings
Copper (LP gas only)
Length of Tubing, Feet
Outside
diameter
Inch
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
3/8
39
26
21
19
_
_
_
_
_
_
1/2
92
62
50
41
37
35
31
29
27
26
5/8
199 131 107
90
79
72
67
62
59
55
3/4
329 216 181 145
131 121 112 104
95
90
Fig. 14
12
6 720 606 518
Installation instructions
3.8
Measuring gas pressure
B Proper gas pressure must be verified upon
installation.
Connecting manometer
B Shut off gas with installer supplied shutoff valve.
B Remove front cover and locate inlet gas pressure
measuring tap above the regulator, see Fig. 15.
B Remove screw from test point above the regulator
and connect manometer tube on test point.
or suitably rated stainless steel flex line piping be used
for at least three feet before and after the heater (follow
local codes if more stringent). Never sweat any rigid
piping directly to or beneath the water connections or
damage can occur to the internal water valve from
heating of the pipe. Plastics or other PEX type plumbing
line materials are not recommended for connecting
directly to the water heater. Keep water inlet and outlet
pipes to no less than ½" (12.7mm) diameter to allow the
full flow capacity.
It is recommended that all water piping after the heater
be properly insulated to avoid heat loss.
If the cold and hot connections to the heater are
reversed, the heater will not function. Be certain there
are no loose particles or dirt in the piping. Blow out or
flush the lines before connecting to the water heater.
Full port shutoff valves should be installed on both the
cold water supply and hot water outlet lines to facilitate
servicing the heater (see Fig. 16). For installation on a
private well system with the use of a pressure tank, the
lowest pressure range setting recommended is 30-50
psi (2.07 and 3.45bar).
Connecting the pressure relief valve (PRV)
Fig. 15 Gas pressure measuring point
A
Inlet tap
Static pressure test
B Operate all other gas appliances at maximum output.
B Turn gas supply back on.
B Record static gas pressure reading on back page of
manual.
Operating pressure test
The pressure relief valve supplied with the heater must
be installed at the time of installation. No valve is to be
placed between the PRV and the heater. No reducing
coupling or other restriction may be installed in the
discharge line. The discharge line must be a minimum of
4” above a drain and installed such that it allows
complete drainage of both the PRV and the line.
The location of the PRV must be readily accessible for
servicing or replacement, and be mounted as close to
the water heater as possible. See Fig. 16. To install the
PRV, a suitable fitting connected to an extension on a
“T” fitting can be sweated to the hot water line.
Support all piping.
B Turn on all hot water taps served by the water heater.
B Operate all other gas appliances on same gas piping
system at maximum output.
B Record operating gas pressure reading on back
page of manual.
Gas pressures lower than 5.7" W.C. for Natural Gas or
10.5" W.C. for LP Gas will result in insufficient degree
rise to the hot water being used, and must be corrected.
See Gas Line Sizing under chapter 3.7.
3.9
Water connections
When facing the heater, the ½” cold water inlet is on the
bottom right and the hot water outlet is on the bottom
left.
B Install unions or isolation valves when
connecting plumbing to the water heater. This
will facilitate any necessary cleaning and
servicing.
Although water piping throughout your structure may be
other than copper, we recommend that copper piping
6 720 606 518
Fig. 16 Plumbing connections and pressure relief
valve shown with optional isolation valves
13
Operation instructions
3.10 Recirculation application
Since recirculation through tankless water heater is not
permissible, the following drawing is provided to outline
a proper recirculation application using the Aquastar
water heater with an Ariston tank water heater. This
schematic is for illustration only and must not be used
for actual installation without appropriate engineering
and technical advice from a professional properly
licensed in locality where the installation is made.
4
Operation instructions
4.1
For your safety read before
operating your water heater
Warning: If you do not follow these
instructions exactly, a fire or explosion
may result causing property damage,
personal injury or loss of life.
i
Note: Upon initial installation,
existence of air in the gas supply
line and in the water line may
cause some ignition delay. In that
case, repeat the ignition process
until all the air has been purged.
A. This appliance employs a piezo-igniter to light the
pilot burner. When lighting the pilot, follow these
instructions exactly.
B. What to do if you smell gas.
Fig. 17 Recirculation application
B Close gas valve. Open windows.
The use of a small electric mini-tank (4-6 gallon size)
should be used for this application and designed so the
pump will circulate the water through the mini-tank and
the building's hot water return loop only. A timed or
thermostatically controlled operation of the pump is
commonly done. The GWH 1600 PS should be
plumbed in line before the mini-tank water heater.
Contact Bosch Water Heating if further instruction is
needed.
B Do not try to light any appliance.
14
B Do not touch any electric switch; do not use any
phone in your building.
B Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbors
phone. Follow the gas supplier’s instructions.
B If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire
department.
C. Use only your hand to push in the gas control
buttons. Never use tools. If a button will not push in,
check to make sure the buttons are being pushed in the
proper sequence. Follow these instructions exactly. If
control button(s) are jammed, close the heater’s
individual manual gas shutoff valve and call a qualified
service technician. Forced or attempted repair may
result in a fire or explosion.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been under
water. Immediately call a qualified service technician to
inspect the appliance and to replace any part of the
control system and any gas control which has been
under water.
6 720 606 518
Operation instructions
4.2
Lighting instructions
B STOP! Read the previous safety information.
B The gas valve must be turned off by pushing the gas
valve off (
) button.
- If pilot does not stay lit, repeat all steps.
- If pilot will not stay lit after several tries, push the gas
valve off button (
) all the way in and call service
technician or gas supplier.
B When lit, depress the on (
) button. The heater
will now fire at minimum power when water is drawn
at a rate greater than the required activation flow rate.
Note: If main burner does not ignite, make sure pilot is
burning. If not, repeat lighting steps.
4.3
To turn off appliance
B Push the gas valve off button (
) all the way in
and turn off the installer supplied manual gas shutoff
on the supply line to the heater.
Fig. 18
B Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any gas. If you smell
gas, STOP! Follow “B” in chapter 4.1. If you don’t
smell gas, go to next step.
B The pilot burner window is located in the front center
of the cover (Fig. 3, num. 49).
B Fully depress pilot button (
).
Fig. 21
Fig. 19
B With the pilot button fully depressed, light pilot by
pushing the piezo button ( ). This step may have to
be repeated until pilot is lit.
Fig. 20
B Observe the pilot flame through the pilot burner
window. The pilot button should be pushed in for at
least 15 seconds with pilot burning before releasing.
When the pilot button is released, the pilot should
continue to burn.
- If the pilot button does not pop out to an
intermediate position when released, stop and
immediately call your service technician or gas
supplier.
6 720 606 518
15
Operation instructions
4.4
Calibrating the thermostat
B If water temperature is too high or low, calibrate
thermostat.
B Remove front cover.
Caution: it should not be necessary to
loosen 22 mm nut beyond two turns out,
this is a gas seal and will leak if loosened
too far.
4.5
Winterizing
If there is a risk of freezing, proceed as follows:
B Remove both inlet and outlet elbow connections at
the rear of water valve.
B Remove the drain plug from the under side of the
water valve.
B Loosen the lock-nut collar above the 22 mm nut to
begin the calibration procedure. A seal of yellow
paint will be broken when it is loosened. See diagram
below.
Fig. 23 Drain plug and filter location
1
2
3
4
5
Water valve
From heat exchanger
Slow ignition valve
To heat exchanger
Drain plug
LOCK-NUT COLLAR
22mm NUT
Fig. 22
B Turning the 22 mm nut (upwards) will lower the flame
height. Loosening (downwards) will raise the flame
height. When making an adjustment it is
recommended to have water flowing and the heater
on, then at 1/4 turn increments of the 22 mm nut, test
the temperature of the outlet water by measuring the
hot water temperature at an open tap.
Note: If the water temperature does not vary when the
thermostat is adjusted then it needs to be replaced.
Note: The thermostat's modulation will respond sooner
with varying flow rates of preheated water. Although
varying flows of cold water will be sensed by the
thermostat there will often be a delay to stabilize
temperature.
B Retighten lock-nut collar against 22 mm nut when
calibration is complete. Replace front cover panel.
16
6 720 606 518
Maintenance and service
5
Maintenance and service
5.1
Maintenance intervals
Warning:
Failure
to
perform
recommended maintenance may result
in complete failure of the unit over time.
The warranty does not cover failures
due to improper or insufficient
maintenance.
The GWH 1600 PS requires periodic maintenance.
The below time maintenance intervals should keep the
unit operating for many years.
Every year
B Inspect inlet water filter screen ( 5.2)
B Inspect pilot assembly and flame ( 5.3)
B Inspect burner assembly ( 5.4)
B Inspect vent system for blockage
Every 2 years
B Lubricate and clean water valve ( 5.2)
Every 3 to 5 years
B Rebuild water valve ( 5.2)
the water valve. Remove heat exchanger piping
connected to the right and left side of water valve.
Loosen the two set screws (Fig. 27, num. 36) at the top
of the water valve where it connects to the gas valve. If
the set screws are seized, STOP and call Bosch tech
support before proceeding. Forcing and snapping
seized set screws may cause irrevocable damage to the
water valve and gas valve assemblies. Remove the
water valve from the heater by pulling it down. Once
free from the heater, separate the two halves of the
water valve by removing the three screws on the top of
the water valve. Apply lithium or faucet & valve grease to
the pushrod and o-ring. (See Fig. 25, num. 27). With
needle-nosed pliers, remove recessed venturi tube from
right hand port on water valve (Fig 27, num. 32). Inpect
venturi and clean if necessary. If plugged with mineral
deposits, soak in straight vinegar for at least one hour
prior to cleaning.
Rebuilding the water valve
Several parts within the water valve should be replaced
every 3 to 5 years depending on water quality and
usage. The parts list and instructions can be found on
our website at www.boschhotwater.com. Failure to
rebuild the water valve can result in decreased
performance or damage to the heater.
B Clean pilot assembly and clean or replace orifice
( 5.3)
5.2
Water valve
The water valve is the main control that tells the heater
to fire. If the periodic maintenance is neglected, more
costly damage may occur over time.
Inspecting inlet water filter screen
Shut off the installer supplied cold water isolation valve
to the heater. If one is not installed, install before
proceeding. Open the nearest hot water tap to drain the
plumbing lines. Position a bucket under the heater's
water valve assembly to catch any water that may drain
from the heater. Remove cold water supply connection
on rear right-hand side of water valve. Inlet filter is
recessed inside water valve. Carefully pry filter screen
out with a blunt object. Clean with water and inspect for
damage. If the filter is at all damaged, it should be
replaced.
Lubricating the water valve
A more detailed instruction is available on our website
at www.boschhotwater.com. Shut off the installer
supplied cold water isolation valve to the heater. If one
is not installed, install before proceeding. Open the
nearest hot water tap to drain the plumbing lines.
Position a bucket under the heater's water valve
assembly to catch any water that may drain from the
heater. Remove water pipes connected to the back of
6 720 606 518
17
Maintenance and service
5.3
Pilot
• 8. Place new or cleaned pilot orifice back on top of
pilot tube.
Inspecting pilot
The pilot should burn with a clean sharp blue flame. The
flame should fully engulf the tip of the thermocouple. If
it does not, clean the pilot assembly using the
procedure below.
• 9. Set pilot bracket on top of the pilot tube.
• 10. Begin to hand thread the 8 mm nut to the pilot
bracket being sure not to cross thread. Once started
tighten pilot bracket to front of burners with both
screws.
Cleaning pilot assembly
• 11. Carefully tighten 8 mm nut with wrench.
• 1. Shut off gas to heater using installer supplied
manual gas shutoff, then remove front cover.
• 12. Turn on gas and check for a leak at the 8 mm nut
connection by applying soap solution, then pushing
in pilot button. Bubbles are a sign of a leak.
• 2. Carefully loosen 8 mm pilot tube nut shown below.
Once loosened with wrench, continue by hand. Do
not pull pilot tube down. Follow next step.
• 3. Remove both pilot bracket screws that mount to
front of burners.
Piezo electrode
bracket screw
orifice
• 13. If no leaks are found replace front cover and
return heater to service.
5.4
Main burners
The main burner flames should be blue, with a more
intense blue cone in the center core. Yellow flames
could be a sign of wrong size gas orifices, dirty burners
or a blockage on the heat exchangers fins. If some
burners have yellow flames while others have blue
flames, it is likely that dust, lint or spider webs have
partially clogged the burner venturis. To clean the
burners, contact a gas service person.
pilot filter
5.5
8mm nut
thermocouple
Fig. 24 Pilot assembly
Caution: Pilot orifice may fall out when
pilot tube and pilot bracket are
separated.
• 4. Lift up pilot bracket slowly (8 mm nut may need to
be loosened further)
Vent assembly
Inspect the draft hood and heat exchanger fins for signs
of soot build-up or any other foreign material such as
spider webs. Clean out any debris found in the vent
hood. Signs of soot indicate insufficient combustion air
or exhaust draft. Check for vent assembly blockage or
combustion air blockage on the underside of the unit.
5.6
Mineral scale build-up
The GWH 1600 PS, when operated at lower
temperatures settings, does not accumulate mineral
build-up. If however, the heater is used at the higher
temperature settings and the water has a high mineral
content, periodic descaling may be necessary. The heat
exchanger should be flushed with a descaling solution.
• 5. The pilot orifice sits on top of the pilot tube.
Stamped on it will be a number identifying the gas
type. [5 - Natural Gas] [49 - LP].
5.6.1
• 6. We recommend that you replace if dirty or clogged
(especially LP). If cleaning, compressed air or
aerosol sprayed carburetor cleaner will work. Soak in
cleaner if necessary..
2. Open hot water taps to drain and relieve pressure
from the plumbing system
Caution: Do not ream or poke orifice as
it will enlarge orifice opening.
• 7. Blow through pilot burner that is affixed to the pilot
bracket. If air screen on right side of pilot bracket is
dirty or clogged, remove and clean.
18
Descaling heat exchanger
1. Shut off the water supply to the water heater using
(installer supplied) shutoff valves.
3. Drain water from the unit's heat exchanger by
disconnecting inlet and outlet water connections
4. Connect the line (A) from the outlet of the circulating
pump (installer supplied) to the inlet water fitting on the
water heater
5. Using another line (B), connect to the water outlet
fitting on the water heater. Route the other end of this
line into a descaling reservoir
6 720 606 518
Maintenance and service
6. Using a 3rd line (C) from the descaling reservoir,
connect to the inlet side of circulating pump. Verify
there is a filter on the end of the line in the descaling
reservoir.
7. Make sure all connections are "hand tight."
8. Fill tank with descaling solution so lines inside are
submersed. We recommend a straight white vinegar
solution. If using a commercial descalant, refer to
manufacturer's instructions on dilution with water.
9. Operate the circulating pump.
10. Make sure there are no leaks and the solution is
flowing from the descaling reservoir through the heat
exchanger and returning to the reservoir.
11. Run solution through the heat exchanger until the
solution returning to the descaling reservoir comes out
clear. (Changing to a fresh solution may be necessary
during this process).
12. Disconnect all lines and drain all solution from heat
exchanger. Properly discard of solution
13. Position a container below the hot water outlet and
connect cold water supply. Open cold water supply
isolation valve and flush heat exchanger with clean
water.
14. Shut cold water isolation valve and reconnect hot
water supply to the water heater.
15. Open water isolation valves, and return the unit to
service.
Fig. 25
6 720 606 518
19
Troubleshooting
6
Troubleshooting
6.1
Introduction
Many of the questions customers ask regarding
operation of this unit can be answered by following the
troubleshooting steps as outlined below. Visit our web
site at www.boschhotwater.com for more detailed
troubleshooting. For best results, perform each step
before proceeding to the next. The suggested solutions
may require that the cover be taken off. (See chapter
3.4).
6.2
Pilot does not light
1. Verify gas supply is on at Natural Gas meter or
Propane Tank. Make sure all manual gas shut off valves
are in the open position. Have licensed gas technician
confirm adequate gas pressure at the inlet tap
(chapter 3.8). If gas is not present, verify manufacturer
supplied Maxitrol regulator is in the upright position. The
arrow on the back of the regulator must point in the
same direction as gas flow.
2. If the unit was just installed or the gas lines have been
worked on, there may be air in the gas line. Push in the
pilot button while pushing the pilot igniter button every
few seconds. It may take several minutes to bleed air
out of the gas line.
3. Verify a spark is being thrown at pilot area while pilot
button is being firmly depressed. Repeatedly push in
pilot igniter button to light the pilot. If no spark is
present, verify proper wire connection to the electrode.
4. Pilot assembly may be blocked. Clean or replace the
pilot orifice (chapter 5.3).
6.3
Pilot lights, but goes out when
button released
1. When lighting pilot ensure the pilot button is fully
depressed and held in for at least 20 seconds after pilot
is lit.
2. Verify gas type indicated in rating sticker located on
right hand side of cover, coincides with the gas type you
are using. NG is a natural gas unit and LP is for liquid
propane.
3. If using a power vent, check the safety spillage switch
reset button (the safety spillage switch is wired through
the water heater's thermocouple circuit). The spill
switch should be mounted at the top of water heater on
the draft diverter (Consult power vent manual for
location).
4. Check all connections of the pilot safety circuit. The
pilot safety circuit consists of a thermocouple, overheat
sensor (ECO), safety spillage switch(models with
power vents only) and the electromagnet (See parts
diagram for locations). Clean sensor connections with
light sandpaper if corrosion is evident. The
20
electromagnet connection is 5mm nut from the
thermocouple which screws into a larger 24mm nut.
Tighten both nuts snugly but do not over tighten.
5. Pilot flame should be blue in color and completely
engulfing the tip of the thermocouple. If not, have a
licensed gas technician verify gas pressure is in
accordance with manufacturer's specifications (see
chapter 3.8) and clean or replace the pilot orifice (see
chapter 5.3).
6. Have a licensed gas technician verify the proper
operation of the thermocouple by measuring the
millivoltage from the thermocouple lead to ground. The
proper reading should be 24mVDC or greater. If the
reading is lower and the pilot is engulfing the
thermocouple tip, the thermocouple may be defective.
Call Bosch Water Heating for further instruction.
6.4
Pilot goes out during or after hot
water use
1. Pilot outage during use typically results from the
unit's safety overheat/high limit sensors interrupting the
pilot circuit.
2. Failure to vent properly by reducing pipe diameter,
improper use of elbows or not meeting required vent
length are common causes that deactivate the pilot
safety circuit. Confirm venting is in accordance with
manufacturer's specifications (see chapter 3.6).
3. Confirm the combustion air requirements are being
met in accordance with manufacturer's specifications
(see chapter 3.5). Proper venting and combustion air
will ensure a proper draft.
4. Confirm that the burners in the water heater go off
immediately when the hot water is turned off. If they
remain on or shut down slowly, then the overheat
sensor (ECO) will interrupt the pilot circuit and shut off
all gas to the heater. The water valve assembly, which
actuates the burners, may be dirty and requires periodic
maintenance (every 2 - 5 years depending on water
quality and use) (see chapter 5.2).
5. Check all connections of the pilot safety circuit. The
pilot safety circuit consists of a thermocouple, overheat
sensor (ECO), safety spillage switch (models with
power vents only) and the electromagnet (See parts
diagram for locations). Clean sensor connections with
light sandpaper if corrosion is evident. The
electromagnet connection is 5mm nut from the
thermocouple which screws into a larger 24mm nut.
Tighten both nuts snugly but do not over tighten.
6. Verify pilot is a steady blue flame that completely
engulfs the thermocouple tip. If pilot flame is too small,
clean pilot orifice (see chapter 5.3).
7. If the water has a high mineral content, the heat
exchanger may be scaled internally. This restricts the
6 720 606 518
Troubleshooting
water path, causing the water to over heat which shuts
all gas off to the heater. See chapter 5.6.1 for descaling
instructions.
8. If steps 1 through 7 do not correct the problem, then
confirm that the gas pressure is adequate. Ensure gas
pressure is in accordance with manufacturer's
specifications (see chapter 3.8). A gas pressure
reading is needed to proceed further. Contact your
original installer or a licensed gas technician to obtain
this reading.
6.5
Burners do not light with water
flow
1. Verify the pilot is lit
2. Verify the 3-flame button (
)is pushed in.
3. Verify the cold water supply is connected to the right
side of the heater.
4. Close installer supplied cold water shut off valve (if
none installed, install before proceeding). Open all hot
water taps supplied by the heater. Wait 5 minutes and
check all taps. Any water running is a sign of a plumbing
crossover. Consult a local plumber or service person for
help in correcting a plumbing crossover.
5. Verify flow through the water heater is sufficient. Fully
open a hot water faucet and fill a quart container. If the
container fills in 30 seconds or less, the flow rate (1/2
gallon per minute) is sufficient to activate the heater.
6. Inspect the water path outside of the heater for
obstructions. Make sure all showerheads, faucet
aerators and whole house filters are clear of debris.
Also, the water heater's inlet filter screen should be
inspected and cleaned (see chapter 5.2).
7. The water valve assembly, which actuates the
burners, requires periodic maintenance (every 2 - 5
years depending on water quality and use) (see
chapter 5.2).
6.6
Hot water temperature fluctuates
at tap
1. Close off installer supplied cold water shut off valve
(if none installed, install before proceeding). Open all
hot water taps supplied by the heater. Wait 5 minutes
and check all taps. Water running is a sign of a
plumbing cross-over. Consult a local plumber or service
person for help in correcting a plumbing crossover.
2. Check for a clogged inlet water filter screen (see
chapter 5.2).
3. Hot water is very hot out of the tap, requiring a lot of
cold water to be added with it in order to attain a
useable hot water temperature. The addition of too
much cold will overpower and slow the flow within the
tankless water heater, decreasing it below activation
point, which shuts off the burners. The end result is
nothing but cold water coming out of the outlet.
6 720 606 518
Recalibrate thermostat for cooler outlet temperatures.
(See chapter 4.4).
4. The GWH 1600 PS is designed to modulate gas
flow to the burners when water flow varies. If the water
pressure in the home is erratic and the water flow is not
consistent while a tap is opened, then the temperature
of hot water will fluctuate. The minimum water pressure
for the home should be 30psi or greater. For installation
on a private well system with the use of a pressure tank,
the lowest pressure range setting recommended is 3050 psi (2.07-3.45 bar). The use of a pressure reducing/
regulating valve before the water heater (directly after
pressure tank on well systems) is an effective way to
maintain constant water pressure to the water heater.
Watts brand 25AUB- ¾" or N35B-¾" pressure
reducing/regulating valves or equivalent are suggested.
5. A temperature balance shower valve can
automatically mix in cold water to reduce hot water
temperatures. This can slow the flow within the tankless
water heater, decreasing it below activation point,
which shuts off the burners. In the event of any
temperature instability with the use of a temperature
balance shower valve, refer to shower valve
manufacturer's instructions for internal adjustment
setting. An adjustment should be made to minimize the
amount of cold water the valve is adding.
6. The gas pressure also needs to be stable and
adequate. Ensure gas pressure is in accordance with
manufacturer's specifications (see chapter 3.8). A gas
pressure reading is needed to proceed further. Contact
your original installer or a local certified gas technician
to obtain this reading.
7. A water valve which has not been serviced may be
unable to keep the gas valve open. The water valve
requires periodic maintenance (every 2-5 yrs
depending on water quality and use) (see chapter 5.2)
6.7
Water is too hot
1. Verify gas type indicated in rating sticker located on
right-hand side of cover, coincides with the gas type
you are using. NG is a natural gas unit and LP is for
liquid propane.
2. Recalibrate thermostat for
temperatures. (See chapter 4.4).
cooler
outlet
3. Increase the flow rate. Restrictions in the water path
can slow the flow of water through the heater, resulting
in very hot outlet temperatures. Restrictive
showerheads and faucet aerators should be cleaned or
upgraded with less restrictive ones. In addition, the
water heater's inlet filter should be cleaned and
inspected (see chapter 5.2).
4. If the water has a high mineral content, the heat
exchanger may be scaled internally. This restricts the
water path, causing the water to boil and produce
extremely hot temperatures. See chapter 5.6.1 for
descaling instructions.
21
Troubleshooting
6.8
Water is not hot enough
1. Verify gas type indicated in rating sticker located on
right-hand side of cover, coincides with the gas type
you are using. NG is a natural gas unit and LP is for
liquid propane.
2. Flow at one particular tap is too great or too many
fixtures are running at one time. Lower flow to stay
within heater's specifications.
3. Shut off installer supplied cold water shut off valve (if
none installed, install before proceeding). Open all hot
water taps supplied by the heater. Wait 5 minutes and
check all taps. Any water running is a sign of a plumbing
crossover. Consult a local plumber or service person for
help in correcting a plumbing crossover.
4. Inspect the water path outside of the heater for
obstructions. Make sure all showerheads, faucet
aerators and whole house filters are clear of debris.
Also, the water heater's inlet filter screen should be
inspected and cleaned (see chapter 5.2).
5. Recalibrate thermostat for hotter outlet temperatures.
(See chapter 4.4).
6. The water valve may be dirty, preventing it from fully
opening the gas valve. This part needs to be periodically
serviced (every 2-5 yrs depending on water quality and
use) (see chapter 5.2).
7. Gas pressure is too low. Ensure gas pressure is in
accordance with manufacturer's specifications (see
chapter 3.8). A gas pressure reading is needed to
proceed further. Contact your original installer or a local
certified gas technician to obtain this reading.
6.9
Burners ignite without hot water
flow
1.The water valve may be dirty and sticking, preventing
it from fully closing the gas valve. The water valve needs
to be periodically serviced (every 2-5 yrs depending on
water quality and use) (see chapter 5.2).
6.10 Low hot water pressure
1. Confirm adequate flow rate through the unit. With
cold supply shut off to the unit, disconnect hot outlet
side to the unit. Place a gallon jug under a hot outlet to
catch water. Open cold supply to the water heater and
measure flow rate out of the unit. The flow rate should
be close to 3.7gpm, filling the jug in less than16
seconds. If the flow rate is not adequate, inspect and
clean the inlet filter screen (see chapter 5.2).
2. Confirm the incoming water pressure to the unit is
above the required 30psi.
3. Inspect the water path outside of the heater for
obstructions. Make sure all showerheads, faucet
aerators and whole house filters are clear of debris.
4. Be sure to run only one major application at a time
with this unit. Opening too many taps at one time can
22
disperse water flow resulting in a diminished flow and
pressure at all outlets.
5. If the water has a high mineral content, the heat
exchanger may be scaled internally. This restricts the
water path, causing diminished water flow. See
chapter 5.6.1 for descaling instructions.
6.11 Noise when heater is running
1. Confirm adequate flow rate through the unit. With
cold supply shut off to the unit, disconnect hot outlet
side to the unit. Place a gallon jug under a hot outlet to
catch water. Open cold supply to the water heater and
measure flow rate out of the unit. The flow rate should
be close to 3.7gpm, filling the jug in less than16
seconds. If the flow rate is not adequate, inspect and
clean the inlet filter screen (see chapter 5.2).
2. Inspect the water path outside of the heater for
obstructions. Make sure all showerheads, faucet
aerators and whole house filters are clear of debris.
Restrictions in the water path can slow water flow
through the heat exchanger causing it to boil and make
noise.
3. Recalibrate the thermostat for cooler temperatures
(see chapter 4.4). If the water temperature remains
excessively hot when the thermostat is adjusted, then it
should be replaced.
4. If the water has a high mineral content, the heat
exchanger may be scaled internally. This restricts the
water path, causing the water to boil resulting in noise
and overheating See chapter 5.6.1 for descaling
instructions.
6.12 Burners do not operate cleanly;
yellow flames when operating
1. Verify gas type indicated in rating sticker located on
right-hand side of cover, coincides with the gas type
you are using. NG is a natural gas unit and LP is for
liquid propane.
2. Gas pressure may be inadequate resulting in
improper combustion. Ensure gas pressure is in
accordance with manufacturer's specifications (see
chapter 3.8). A gas pressure reading is needed to
proceed further. Contact your original installer or a
licensed gas technician to obtain this reading.
3. For proper combustion at high elevations the inlet
gas pressure should be set at installation to the value
shown in chapter 3.7 Table 3 (while operating at
maximum BTU). A gas pressure reading is needed to
proceed further. Contact your original installer or a
licensed gas technician to obtain this reading.
4. Ventilation is not adequate. Ensure adequate
combustion air is being supplied to the unit in
accordance with manufacturer's specifications (see
chapter 3.5).
6 720 606 518
Protecting the environment
5. Make sure the water heater is vented properly. Check
for proper draft and ensure venting is in accordance
with manufacturer's specifications (see chapter 3.6).
6. The water heater has burners much like a furnace. It
is essential that they remain clean and are supplied with
adequate air for combustion. If the flames burn yellow or
orange, it is strongly recommended that the burners be
removed from the unit and cleaned. Once the burners
are removed, the fins in the top of the heat exchanger
can be accessed and should be brushed or vacuumed
clean. Instructions to remove burners are available at
www.boschhotwater.com.
7
Protecting the
environment
Packing
The packing box may be fully recycled as confirmed by
the recycling symbol
.
Components
Many parts in the heater can be fully recycled in the end
of the product life. Contact your local authorities for
information about the disposal of recyclable products.
Saving water resources:
B Make sure you close all the taps after any use. Avoid
leaving the taps dripping. Repair any leaking tap.
B Set the water heat to the temperature you want. This
way you have the precise water temperature needed
(mixing cold water to regulate temperature will
increase the water temperature with consequent
waste of water).
6 720 606 518
23
Interior components and diagram parts list
8
Interior components and diagram parts list
8.1
Interior components
Fig. 26 Functional scheme
1
2
3
4
5
24
Heat exchanger
Burner manifold gas pressure test nipple
Water valve
Main gas burner
Gas valve
6 720 606 518
Interior components and diagram parts list
8.2
Components diagram
Fig. 27 Components Diagram
6 720 606 518
25
Interior components and diagram parts list
8.3
Parts list
Item
Description
Reference
1
Cover
8 705 421 033
2
Cap cover
8 703 304 011
3
Water connection gasket
8 710 103 043
5
Heat exchanger
8 705 406 189
6
Hot water pipe
8 700 705 431
7
Cold water pipe
8 700 705 294
8
Heat exchanger washer
8 710 103 045
9
Overheat sensor (ECO)
8 707 206 017
Main burner assembly
8 708 120 296 LP
Main burner assembly
8 708 120 298 NG
10
11
Pilot burner assembly
8 718 105 051
11a
Pilot filter screen
8 700 507 055
12
Piezo electrode
8 708 107 002
Pilot orifice
8 708 200 005 NG
13
Pilot orifice
8 748 200 173 LP
14
Pilot Tube
8 710 707 166
15
Thermocouple
8 747 202 083
16
Burner assembly washer
8 710 103 060
17
Gas valve
8 707 011 467 LP
17
Gas valve
8 707 011 469 NG
18
Gas supply pipe
8 700 705 464
19
Electromagnet
8 747 201 094
20
Electromagnet washer
8 700 103 144
21
Gas filter
8 700 507 051
22
Thermocable
8 747 202 078
23
Thermostat
8 707 206 039
24
O ring Thermostat
8 700 205 101
25
O ring Thermostat
8 700 205 041
26
Water valve assembly
8 707 002 393
27
Pushrod
8 703 406 204
28
Water valve diaphragm
8 700 503 050
29
Slow ignition valve
8 708 503 062
30
Water valve setting screw
8 703 404 092
31
O ring setting screw
8 700 205 050
32
Water valve venturi
8 708 205 235
33
Water valve piston assembly
8 708 500 230
34
Water inlet filter
8 700 507 059
35
Water elbow fitting
8 700 703 114
36
Water valve set screw
8 703 401 051
37
Water valve drain screw
8 703 406 153
Table 4
26
6 720 606 518
Twelve Year Limited Warranty
9
Twelve Year Limited Warranty
General
Aquastar water heaters are warranted by the
Manufacturer (BOSCH) through BBT North America.
BBT North America (BBTNA) will furnish a replacement
heat exchanger and will furnish a replacement of any
other part which fails in normal use and service within
the applicable periods specified below, in accordance
with the terms of this warranty. The BBTNA
replacement will be warranted for the unexpired portion
of the original warranty. This warranty will be valid only
for water heaters in possession of the original purchaser
as recorded on the warranty card.
The Heat Exchanger
If the heat exchanger fails within twelve (12) years after
the original installation and operation BBTNA will
furnish a replacement heat exchanger. However, if the
water heater is installed in other than a single family
dwelling this heat exchanger warranty is limited to two
(2) years from date of original installation and operation.
Exceptions
This warranty will not apply:
• 1. to defects or malfunctions resulting from failure to
properly install, operate or maintain the unit in
accordance with the printed instructions provided;
• 2. to damage or abuse, accident, neglect or freezing
and other acts of nature;
• 3. to damage resulting from operation with either the
flame sensor rod or overheat sensor removed;
• 4. to failure of the heat exchanger resulting from the
operation of the water heater in a corrosive
atmosphere or at water temperatures exceeding the
maximum rating, or if the water heater is not supplied
with potable water;
• 5. to defects or damage cause by any attachment
or modification, including any energy-savingdevice.
• 6. to damage resulting from scale deposits and/or
highly mineralized/unsoftened water supply.
All Other Parts
If any other part fails within two (2) years after original
installation and operation, BBTNA will furnish a
replacement part free of charge.
Shipping costs
In addition to supplying the replacement part(s),
BBTNA will provide ground service delivery for these
parts. Expedited or upgraded shipping will be charged
to the customer.
part(s). All such costs must be borne by the Purchaser.
Additionally, this warranty does not cover any labor
costs associated with service, removal or re-installation
of the original water heater or a replaced water heater.
i
Note: the water heater must be free of
damaging scale deposits and not subject
to gas pressures greater than those
shown on the rating plate, which must not
be altered, defaced or removed.
How to Make a Claim
Any claim for warranty parts should be made to your
local dealer, distributor or to BBTNA. If BBTNA, please
contact the Technical Support Department:
BBT NORTH AMERICA
Bosch Group
340 Mad River Park
Waitsfield, VT 05673
Phone: 800-642-3111
www.boschhotwater.com
In most cases, the dealer or distributor will be able to
promptly honor your claim and subsequently notify
BBTNA. However, all replacements are made subject to
validation by BBTNA of in-warranty coverage. The
damaged or defective item must be made available in
exchange for the replacement.
Miscellaneous
No one is authorized to make any other warranties on
behalf of BBTNA. It is expressly understood that the
replacement warranty of BBTNA shall be in lieu of any
and all other warranties, express or implied, including
warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular
use or purpose, and further that BBTNA shall not be
liable for any loss or damage directly or indirectly arising
from the use of the hot water heater, or for any
consequential damages arising from such use
(including damages from water leakage). BBTNA sole
liability with respect to any defect shall be for the
replacement of the defective part(s). Some states do
not allow such limitations and exclusions, so the above
may not apply to you.
This warranty gives specific legal rights. You may also
have other rights which vary from state to state.
Service Labor Costs
This warranty does not cover any labor costs
associated with service, removal or re-installation of
6 720 606 518
27
Installer Checklist, to be performed by installer upon installation
Serial Number
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
(8 digit serial number is located on rating plate on right side panel)
Gas Pressure Reading*
Static__________
Operating__________
Building Water Pressure
__________ Range if on Well system __________
Average Winter Temperature
__________
Average Summer Temperature
__________
Installing Company
_____________________________________________
Installer name
_____________________________________________
Address
_____________________________________________
Phone
_____________________________________________
* See Chapter 3.8 and gas pressure table (to be filled out by installer)
Installation manual should be left with the owner after the installation is tested and completed
BBT NORTH AMERICA
Bosch Group
Bosch Water Heating
340 Mad River Park
Waitsfield, VT 05673
Phone 800-642-3111
Fax 802-496-6924
www.boschhotwater.com
techsupport@boschhotwater.com
Recycled paper
BBT Termotecnologia Portugal S.A.
Estrada de Cacia
3801 - 856 Aveiro - PORTUGAL
© 2007 BBT NORTH AMERICA CORPORATION,
Waitsfield, VT all rights reserved