ARC DSP 9612 User`s guide

DSP 9612 Flash Poll Modem
User’s Guide
Complements of ARC Electronics
800-926-0226 arc@arcelect.com
www.arcelect.com
0049−0117−100 Rev. A
Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION........................................................ 5
FEATURES .............................................................................................. 6
APPLICATIONS ........................................................................................ 7
CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION ......................................................... 9
UNPACKING YOUR HARDWARE .............................................................. 9
ADDITIONAL ITEMS YOU NEED .............................................................. 9
HARDWARE OVERVIEW ........................................................................ 10
Back View ........................................................................................ 10
Front View ....................................................................................... 11
INSTALLATION SUMMARY .................................................................... 12
FINDING A SUITABLE LOCATION .......................................................... 12
CONFIGURING THE MODEM .................................................................. 13
SW1 DIP Switch Settings................................................................. 14
SW2 DIP Switch Settings................................................................. 17
SW3 DIP Switch Settings................................................................. 21
CONNECTING TO A TRANSMISSION LINE............................................... 26
CONNECTING TO A VOLTAGE SOURCE .................................................. 27
CONNECTING AN RS-232 DEVICE ........................................................ 28
LEDS ................................................................................................... 29
LOOPBACK CONTROL SWITCH .............................................................. 30
APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................... 31
PROBLEM SOLVING .............................................................................. 31
APPENDIX B DIP SWITCH SUMMARY ..................................... 33
APPENDIX C SPECIFICATIONS.................................................. 35
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................... 35
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................. 36
INTERFACE CONNECTOR PIN ASSIGNMENTS ......................................... 37
RS-232 (DTE) Interface................................................................... 38
ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................... 38
COMPLIANCES ...................................................................................... 39
APPENDIX D COMPLIANCES...................................................... 41
APPENDIX E LIMITED PRODUCT WARRANTY .................... 43
APPENDIX F RMA PROCEDURE ................................................ 44
Page iii
Contents
NOTES
Page iv
Chapter 1
Introduction
C
ongratulations for purchasing the finest industrial-grade fastpoll modem available.
The DSP9612 (Flash Poll) modem is a 9600/4800/01800 bps modem designed for 4-wire, full-duplex or 2-wire, halfduplex operation over a voice-band leased line or private line. The
modem is designed utilizing the latest digital-signal processing (DSP)
technology to achieve high performance. The modem employs
proprietary modulation and encoding scheme to achieve
fast modem training time. The modem is also backward compatible
with Bell 202 and ITU-T V.23 modems.
The DSP9612 modem is ideally suited for multi-point communication
systems that require fast response time, short training time, and low
throughput delay. The DSP9612 is the most technologically advanced
modem on the market.
This User’s Guide describes both the DSP9612FP (AC-powered)
modem and the DSP9612-LV (DC-powered) modem. This manual is
intended to let you get your modem “up and running” as quickly as
possible. It contains all the information you need to configure and
install your modem. It also contains troubleshooting information in the
unlikely event you encounter a problem with your modem.
Page 5
Introduction
Features
The DSP9612 modem is specifically designed for harsh environments
found in utility substations and industrial facilities. Though
functionally similar to commercial modems, the DSP9612 provides the
following unique features that make it well suited for utility and
industrial applications.
™ Packaged in a rugged, compact enclosure for industrial
applications.
™ Leased-line interface protected with heavy-duty surge protection
hardware (15KV).
™ Requires no human intervention, making it ideal for unmanned
locations.
™ Works within an extended temperature range of -40ºC to +85ºC.
™ Designed with coupling transformers for high-voltage isolation
and common mode noise rejection in industrial and commercial
environments.
™ Operate over voice-band conditioned or unconditioned leased line
and pilot wires.
™ Accepts power from a wide range of AC and DC power supplies.
−
DSP9612FP: 85 to 265 VAC or 85 to 400 VDC
−
DSP9612-LV: 10 to 53 VDC
™ Standard industrial connectors for data, analog, and power
interfaces allow reliable interconnection to other industrial
equipment.
™ Asynchronous data rates (selectable) of 9600, 4800, and 0-1800
bps.
™ Easily accessible DIP switches for user configuration and option
selection.
™ DB25 connector for RS-232/V.24 interface.
™ Local analog, local digital, and remote digital loopback
diagnostics.
Page 6
Applications
Applications
The DSP9612 modem is designed for point-to-point and multipoint
data communications. Figure 1-1 shows a typical multipoint
configuration.
Figure 1-1. Network of Multipoint Configuration
There are a number of factors that can affect the network’s and
modem’s operation and performance. These include:
™ Operating speed
™ 2-wire or 4-wire configuration
™ Transmission line characteristics, noise, and line impairments
™ Network configuration (point-to-point or multipoint)
™ Number of nodes on the network
Page 7
Introduction
NOTES
Page 8
Chapter 2
Installation
T
his chapter describes how to install the modem.
Unpacking Your Hardware
Your package should include:
™ At least one of the following DSP9612 modems:
−
Model DSP9612FP for 85 to 265 VAC
−
Model DSP9612-LV for 10 to 53 VDC
™ A leased-line cable
™ A shielded DC power cable (model DSP9612-LV modem only)
™ This User’s Guide
If your package contents are damaged or missing, please contact your
place of purchase immediately.
Additional Items You Need
To use your modem, you need the following additional items:
™ Two- or four-wire transmission line or leased line
™ A DB25-F data cable for your Data Terminal Equipment (DTE)
port
Page 9
Installation
™ A power supply that provides either:
−
85 to 265 Volts AC, 50 to 60 Hz, single phase or 85 to
400 VDC (if you have the model DSP9612FP modem), or
−
10 to 53 Volts DC (if you have the model DSP9612-LV
modem)
Hardware Overview
Back View
Figures 2-1 and 2-2 show the back view of the two DSP9612 modem
models. Starting from the left side, these views show:
™ A 4-wire/2-wire configuration block. See page 26.
™ A female, 25-pin RS-232 connector, for connecting a standard
DTE (RTU). See page 28.
™ A POWER ON/OFF switch.
™ A power connector. See page 27.
Figure 2-1. Back View of Model DSP9612FP Modem
Page 10
Hardware Overview
Figure 2-2. Back View of Model DSP9612-LV Modem
Front View
The Model DSP9612FP and Model 9612-LV modems have identical
front panels. Figure 2-3 shows the front view of the modem. Starting
from the left side, this view shows:
™ A set of nine LEDs. See page 29.
™ A loopback test switch. See page 30.
Figure 2-3. Front View of Modem
Page 11
Installation
Installation Summary
The modem installation involves the following steps:
1.
Finding a suitable location for the modem. See the section below.
2.
Configuring the modem. See page 13.
3.
Connecting to a transmission line. See page 25.
4.
Connecting to a voltage source. See page 27.
5.
Connecting a DTE device. See page 28.
Finding a Suitable Location
The location you select should provide easy access to the back panel
communications interface(s) and front panel power interface. It should
also let you view all the LEDs on the front panel.
Note:
also offers a rack-mount version of this modem
(Model DSP9612RM) as a plug-in module for the
UDS RM16M Central Site Modem Rack. For more
information, contact Corporation’s Sales Department
Page 12
Configuring the Modem
Configuring the Modem
You configure the modem using the three sets of DIP switches on the
bottom of the modem.
,
IMPORTANT
It is important to follow the three steps described
below, in the order shown, to ensure that you configure
your modem properly using the modem DIP switches:
1. Use DIP switch 3 (SW3) to configure the modem
for your host DTE interface and network topology.
Using SW3, you select the modem to operate in
high-speed fast-poll or low-speed (FSK) mode.
2. If you set SW3 for FSK mode in step 1, use DIP
switch 2 (SW2) to configure the modem for either
Bell 202T or ITU-T V.23 compatibility.
Otherwise, you can use the modem in fallback
mode.
3. Use DIP switch 1 (SW1) to select the modem’s
transmitter output level and receiver dynamic
range. The SW1 settings apply for both high-speed
fast-poll and low-speed (FSK) modes.
Page 13
Installation
SW1 DIP Switch Settings
SW1 is an 8-position DIP switch. Table 2-1 shows the modem switch
settings for DIP switch SW1. A description of the SW1 switch settings
follows the table.
SW1 settings apply for both high-speed fast-poll and lowspeed (FSK) modes
Note:
Table 2-1. Modem Switch Settings for DIP Switch SW1
Switches
Switch Settings
ON
SW1-1 − 1-4: Transmit Level (page 15)
OFF (Default)
(see Table 2-2 on page 15)
SW1-5: Receiver Dynamic Range
(page 16)
−10 to −43 dBm
+3 to −30 dBm
SW1-6: TX Cable Equalizer (page 16)
Enabled
Disabled
SW1-7: RX Cable Equalizer (page 16)
Enabled
Disabled
SW1-8: Anti-streaming (page 16)
Active
Inactive
Page 14
Configuring the Modem
SW1-1 through SW1-4 − Transmit Level
Switches SW1-1 through SW1-4 adjust the modem’s transmit level.
Table 2-2 shows the transmit levels you can select using these
switches.
Table 2-2. Transmit Levels
SW1 through SW4 Switch Settings
Transmit Level
SW1-1
SW1-2
SW1-3
SW1-4
0 dBm
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
−1 dBm
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
−2 dBm
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
−3 dBm
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
−4 dBm
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
−5 dBm
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
−6 dBm
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
−7 dBm
OFF
ON
ON
ON
−8 dBm
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
−9 dBm
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
−10 dBm
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
−11 dBm
ON
OFF
ON
ON
−12 dBm
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
−13 dBm
ON
ON
OFF
ON
−14 dBm
ON
ON
ON
OFF
+3 dBm
ON
ON
ON
ON
Page 15
Installation
SW1-5 − Receiver Dynamic Range
SW1-5
ON = −10 to −43 dBm
OFF = +3 to −30 dBm
For a low receive signal level, set SW1-5 to ON (−43 dBm ). For short
distances or to select a strong receive signal, set SW1-5 to OFF.
SW1-6 and SW1-7 − Cable Equalizer (Fast-Poll Mode Only)
SW1-6
ON = Enable TX Cable Equalizer
OFF = Disable TX Cable Equalizer
SW1-7
ON = Enable RX Cable Equalizer
OFF = Disable RX Cable Equalizer
To improve or extend the modem’s polling performance, use the fixed
Compromise Cable Equalizer when polling on long metallic circuits.
The cable equalizer is active only when the modem is in fast-poll mode
(SW3-1 set to OFF).
SW1-8 − Anti-streaming
SW1-8
ON = Anti-streaming active
OFF = Anti-stream inactive
Typically, anti-streaming is used in multi-point applications to prevent
a malfunctioning slave modem from occupying the line indefinitely.
When anti-streaming is active, the modem can transmit data for a
maximum of 27 seconds before the transmitter turns off automatically.
The modem then looks for an ON-to-OFF Request To Send (RTS)
transition before proceeding with normal operation. Anti-streaming can
be selected in either high-speed or low-speed mode.
Page 16
Configuring the Modem
SW2 DIP Switch Settings
SW2 is an 8-position DIP switch. Table 2-3 shows the modem switch
settings for DIP switch SW2. A description of the SW2 switch settings
follows the table.
Table 2-3. Modem Switch Settings for DIP Switch SW2
Switches
Switch Settings
ON
SW2-1: FSK Mode (page 18)
OFF (Default)
V.23
Bell 202
Turnaround
SW2-2: Receiver Squelch (page 18)
(valid for FSK mode, 2-wire half-duplex Squelch (Bell
202): 8ms
operation only)
SW2-3: FSK Soft Carrier (page 19)
Turnaround
Squelch (Bell 202):
0ms
Turnaround
Squelch (V.23):
150ms
Turnaround
Squelch (V.23):
0ms
Disabled
Enabled
SW2-4 and SW2-5: FSK RTS-CTS
Delay (page 19)
(see Table 2-4)
SW2-6: FSK CD Delay (page 20)
23ms
6ms
SW2-7: Remote Loopback (page 20)
Enabled
Disabled
SW2-8: Reserved (Test Only) (page 20) Test
Page 17
Normal
Installation
SW2-1  FSK Mode
SW2-1
ON = ITU-T V.23 mode
OFF = Bell 202 mode
The modem has two FSK modes:
™ Bell 202, which supports data rates from 0 to 1800 bps
™ ITU-T V.23, which supports data rates from 0 to 1200 bps
SW2-1 configures the modem for either of these FSK modes. Setting
SW2-1 to ON selects ITU-T V.23 mode. In this mode, the modem
complies with ITU-T (CCITT) recommendation V.23 with the
following parameters:
™ Mode 2 modulation only
™ No backward channel
™ No provisions for disablement of echo suppressors
™ DTR (circuit 108) is ignored
Setting SW2-1 OFF selects Bell 202 mode.
SW2-2  Receiver Squelch (FSK Mode 2-Wire Half-Duplex Only)
SW2-2
ON = 8ms for Bell 202, 150ms for ITU-T V.23
OFF = 0ms
SW2-2 configures the turnaround squelch delay and is valid when the
following are active:
™ FSK mode (SW3-1 ON)
™ 2-wire half-duplex operation (SW3-7 ON)
Setting this switch to OFF configures the modem to enable its receiver
immediately after the Request To Send (RTS) signal is turned off.
When this switch is set to OFF and the modem is configured for 2Page 18
Configuring the Modem
wire, half-duplex mode (SW3-7 ON), the modem squelches the
receiver after RTS is turned off to prevent far-end echoes from causing
data errors. The duration that the modem squelches the receiver is
either:
™ 8 milliseconds if the modem is configured for Bell 202 mode
(SW2-1 OFF)
™ 150 milliseconds if the modem is configured for ITU-T V.23 mode
(SW2-1 ON)
SW2-3  FSK Soft Carrier (Bell 202 FSK Mode Only)
SW2-3
ON = None
OFF = 8ms
SW2-3 controls the soft carrier and is valid for Bell 202 FSK mode
only (SW2-1 set to OFF). Setting this switch to OFF configures the
modem to transmit a 900 Hz soft carrier to the remote modem for 8
milliseconds after RTS is turned off. Setting this switch to ON prevents
the modem from transmitting a soft carrier after RTS is turned off.
SW2-4 and SW2-5  RTS-CTS Delay (Bell 202 Mode Only)
Switches SW2-4 and SW2-5 determine the duration of the RTS-CTS
delay in Bell 202 mode. Table 2-4 shows how to set these switches to
select the appropriate setting.
Table 2-4. RTS-CTS Delay Settings in Bell 202 Mode
To Select
a Delay of…
Set SW2-4 to…
And Set SW2-5 to…
8ms
OFF
OFF
33ms
OFF
ON
59ms
ON
OFF
219ms
ON
ON
Page 19
Installation
When the modem is configured for V.23 operation (SW2-1 ON), the
RTS-CTS delay is fixed at 33 ms.
SW2-6  FSK CD Delay (Bell 202 Mode Only)
SW2-6
ON = 23ms
OFF = 6ms
SW2-6 selects the FSK CD delay and is valid when Bell 202 mode is
active (SW2-1 OFF). Setting SW2-6 ON configures the modem to turn
on CD 23 milliseconds after it detects a valid carrier signal. Setting this
switch to OFF configures the modem to turn on CD 6 milliseconds
after it detects a valid carrier signal.
This switch setting is deactivated when the modem is configured for
V.23 mode (SW2-1 ON) and a delay of 18 milliseconds is used instead.
SW2-7  Remote Loopback
SW2-7
ON = Loopback enabled
OFF = Loopback disabled
During instances of channel noise, the modem may mistaken a received
preamble as a request to go into remote digital loopback. Setting SW27 to OFF prevents the modem from participating in a remote digital
loopback with another modem. SW2-7 does not prevent the modem
from sending a remote digital loopback request to a remote modem.
SW2-8 − Reserved (Test Only)
SW2-8
Must be OFF
SW2-8 must be in the OFF position for normal operation.
Page 20
Configuring the Modem
SW3 DIP Switch Settings
SW3 is a 10-position DIP switch. Table 2-5 shows the modem switch
settings for DIP switch SW3. A description of the SW3 switch settings
follows the table.
Table 2-5. Modem Switch Settings for DIP Switch SW3
Switches
Switch Settings
ON
OFF (Default)
SW3-1: Fast Poll/FSK (page 22)
FSK
Fast Poll Auto-Rate
SW3-2: Data Rate (page 23)
4800 bps
9600 bps
SW3-3: Async Character (page 23)
11 bits
10 bits
SW3-4: Auto RTS (page 23)
Enabled
Disabled
SW3-5: Transmitter Termination (page
24)
Switched by RTS
600 Ω
SW3-6: Reserved (Test Only) (page 24) Test
Normal
SW3-7: 2- or 4-wire (page 24)
2-wire, half-duplex 4-wire, full-duplex
SW3-8: Carrier Control (page 25)
Constant
Switched
SW3-9: Rx Termination (page25)
600 Ω
High Rx Impedance
SW3-10: Signal Ground and Earth
Ground Option (page 25)
Connected
Separated
Page 21
Installation
SW3-1 − Fast Poll Auto Rate/FSK
SW3-1
ON = Low-Speed Mode (FSK)
OFF = High-Speed Mode (Fast Poll)
The modem has two operating modes:
™ FSK mode, which supports data rates from 0 to 1800 bps.
™ Fast-poll mode, which supports data rates of 4800 and 9600 bps.
SW3-1, along with the Data Rate Selector (DRS) pin on the modem’s
RS-232 connector, configures the modem for either FSK or fast-poll
mode. Table 2-6 shows how SW3-1 and the DRS signal configure the
modem for these operating modes.
Table 2-6. Modem Operating Mode
To Select…
Set SW3-1 to…
And the DRS Signal…
Fast-poll mode
OFF
Is not connected or is set
HIGH
FSK mode
OFF
Is set LOW
FSK mode
ON
Doesn’t care
You should use the DRS signal in RTS control mode. It does not work
in either constant carrier mode (SW3-8 set to ON) or in the auto-RTS
mode (SW3-4 set to ON). The DRS signal is only sampled when the
transmitter is idle (when not sending a preamble, data, or a turn-off
sequence).
Note that DRS controls both the transmitter and receiver. If DRS
changes states while the modem is receiving a preamble, data, or a
turn-off sequence, the state of the receiver is unknown until the carrier
drops and a new preamble is received. We recommend that DRS does
not change states until both the local and remote modems’ transmitters
are in the idle state. When they are, both the local and remote modems’
DRS signal should change states.
Page 22
Configuring the Modem
SW3-2 − Data Rate (Fast-Poll Mode Only)
SW3-2
ON = 4800 bps
OFF = 9600 bps
SW3-2 configures the modem speed. When the modem is in highspeed fast-poll mode (SW3-1 OFF), setting SW3-2 ON selects 4800
bps, while setting SW3-2 OFF selects 9600 bps.
SW3-3 − Async Character (Fast-Poll Mode Only)
SW3-3
ON = 11 bits
OFF = 10 bits
Switch SW3-3 selects whether the async character is 10 or 11 bits long.
When the modem is in high-speed fast-poll mode (SW3-1 OFF),
setting SW3-3 ON selects an 11-bit async characters, while setting
SW3-3 OFF selects a 10-bit async character.
SW3-4 − Auto RTS (Fast-Poll Mode Only)
SW3-4
ON = Enable Auto RTS
OFF = Disable Auto RTS
For data terminals that do not support hardware RTS, set SW3-4 to ON
to enable auto RTS mode. In this mode, TXD is detected at the modem
and an internal RTS signal is turned ON. After training completes, the
TXD is transmitted to the remote modem. The transmitter turns off if
no TXD is detected after 1 character length of idle time. Auto RTS is
used in fast-poll mode only (SW3-1 set to OFF).
Page 23
Installation
SW3-5 − Transmitter Termination
SW3-5
ON = Switched by RTS
OFF = 600 Ω
SW3-5 is used for multi-point configuration networks. When multiple
modems are connected on the same metallic circuit:
™ The transmitter termination should be of high impedance if the
modem is not transmitting.
™ The transmitter is only terminated with 600 ohms when RTS is
asserted.
This configuration should be used for all slave modems to prevent the
transmitting modem from being unnecessarily burdened. To select this
configuration, set SW3-5 ON on the slave modems.
If you use the modem with transmission lines that are transformercoupled or with an impedance-isolated network (such as a transformer
bridge), set SW3-5 OFF for proper operation.
SW3-6 − Reserved (Test Only)
SW3-6
Must be OFF
SW3-6 must be in the OFF position for normal operation.
SW3-7 − 2-/4-Wire Operation
SW3-7
ON = 2-Wire, Half-Duplex Mode
OFF = 4-Wire, Full-Duplex Mode
SW3-7 configures the modem for 4-wire full-duplex or 2-wire halfduplex operation.
Page 24
Configuring the Modem
SW3-8 − Carrier Control
SW3-8
ON = Constant
OFF = Switched
SW3-8 selects either constant or switched carrier. Constant carrier
allows DTEs, such as asynchronous dumb terminals or RTUs, to
operate with modems, without the input RTS signal. When constant
carrier mode is enabled (SW3-8 set to ON), the modem forces the
transmit carrier active and the RTS-CTS delay is minimum (<0.5 ms.).
You can use constant carrier in 4-wire, point-to-point or multi-point
applications (from master to slave modems).
In switched-carrier mode (SW3-8 set to OFF), the RTS/CTS delay is
active.
SW3-9 − RX Termination
SW3-9
ON = Enable Rx Termination
OFF = Disable Rx Termination
SW3-9 selects whether RX termination is enabled for a modem. If you
set this switch ON, the receiver is terminated with 600 Ω. If you set
this switch OFF, the receiver is not terminated.
SW3-10 − Grounding Option
SW3-10
ON = Signal Ground and Earth Ground are Connected
OFF = Signal Ground and Earth Ground are Separated
Page 25
Installation
Connecting to a Transmission Line
The modem has a transmission line interface that can be configured for
2- or 4-wire, analog connection, where one pair is used to transmit data
(Tx and Tx) and one pair is used to receive data (Rx and Rx). Table 2-7
shows the pin numbers and corresponding signals for the modem.
Figure 2-4 shows the transmission line interface.
Note:
For communication to occur, the Rx line of one modem
must connect to the Tx line of the other modem. The
modem’s Tx/Rx pair are non-polarized.
Note:
The modem does not support leased-line operations with DC
current.
Table 2-7. Transmission Line Connector Pin Assignments
This Pin Number…
Corresponds to This Signal…
1
Rx
2
Rx
3
Tx
4
Tx
Page 26
Connecting to a Voltage Source
Figure 2-4. Transmission Line Interface
Connecting to a Voltage Source
The back panel of the modem provides the power interface. For
convenience, the modems can be powered from the following power
sources:
™ Model DSP9612FP (AC version): 85 to 265 Volts AC, 50 to 60
Hz, single phase or 85 to 400 VDC
™ Model DSP9612-LV (DC version): 10 to 53 Volts DC. The model
DSP9612-LV comes with a shielded power cord for making this
connection.
Figure 2-1 on page 10 shows the connection to the Model
DSP9612FP’s power interface. Figure 2-2 on page 11 shows the
connection to the Model DSP9612-LV’s power interface.
Page 27
Installation
,
WARNING
Before you connect a voltage source, observe the
following power supply voltage guidelines.
Otherwise, you will void your warranty if the wrong
voltage is applied.
™ Be sure the voltage source is within the permitted
ranges shown above. Otherwise, your modem and
any attached devices may be damaged.
™ Customer-supplied cables must be suitable for the
site environmental conditions.
™ Screw terminals on the power interface accept 24 to
16 AWG. However, surge protection is guaranteed
only if the ground wire is greater than 18 AWG and
if there is a solidly earthed ground connection.
™ Be sure the power source is not controlled by a wall
switch, which can be inadvertently turned off,
shutting off power to the modem.
Connecting an RS-232 Device
The modem back panel provides a female, 25-pin RS-232 connector
that accepts an attached RS-232 device (see Figure 2-1 on page 10).
This connector accepts a standard connection to a DTE (RTU) that
conforms to the pin assignments shown under “RS-232 (DTE)
Interface” on page 38.
Page 28
LEDs
LEDs
The front panel of the modem provides the LEDs shown in Table 2-8.
Table 2-8. Modem LEDs
LED
Color
Description
PWR
Green
Power Input
RTS
Yellow
Request To Send
CTS
Yellow
Clear To Send
TD
Yellow
Transmit Data
RD
Yellow
Receive Data
CD
Yellow
Carrier Detect
MR
Yellow
Modem Ready
ALB
Red*
Analog Loopback
DLB
Red*
Digital Loopback
* When the modem is in remote loopback, both the ALB
and DLB LEDs go ON.
Page 29
Installation
Loopback Control Switch
The front panel of the modem has a push button for initiating the
following loopback diagnostic tests:
™ Local analog loopback  started by pressing the button one time.
™ Local digital loopback  started by pressing the button two times.
™ Remote digital loopback  set the local modem’s RTS signal to
low. Then press the remote modem’s diagnostics button three
times and raise the local modem’s RTS signal to start the test. The
ALB and DLB LEDs go ON when the modem is in remote digital
loopback. This test is only available in fast-poll mode only.
Figure 2-4 illustrates these three diagnostics.
Figure 2-4. Loopback Diagnostics
Page 30
Appendix A
Troubleshooting
I
n the event you encounter a problem using your modem,
refer to the troubleshooting information in this appendix.
,
IMPORTANT
If you encounter a problem with your modem, be sure
the switches on the bottom of the modem are set to the
appropriate positions. If a switch is halfway between
an on and off setting, the modem will not operate
properly.
Problem Solving
Table A-1 offers troubleshooting solutions for modem problems.
Table A-1. Troubleshooting Suggestions
If…
Perform These Procedures…
Modem does not respond to
the attached DTE and the all
LEDs are off.
Check the power supply input for your
specific model (see page 27).
Modem does not receive data,
and the DCD and RxD LEDs
are off.
The receive line pair may be
disconnected from the modem. Make
sure the transmission line connection
to the modem is accurate and secure.
The receive signal level may be below
the CD threshold. Set SW1-5 ON to
see whether configuring the modem
for a −43 dBm threshold resolves the
Page 31
Troubleshooting
Table A-1. Troubleshooting Suggestions
If…
Perform These Procedures…
problem.
The RTS, CTS, and TxD
LEDs do not blink.
The attached terminal or DTE may not
be sending data to the modem. Verify
that data is being transmitted. If data is
being transmitted, make sure the RS232 cable is sound and securely
connected to the modem and terminal
or DTE.
Page 32
Appendix B
DIP Switch Summary
Switches
Switch Settings
ON
SW1-1 − 1-4: Transmit Level (page 15)
OFF (Default)
(see Table 2-2 on page 15)
SW1-5: Receiver Dynamic Range
(page 16)
−10 to −43 dBm
+3 to −30 dBm
SW1-6: TX Cable Equalizer (page 16)
Enabled
Disabled
SW1-7: RX Cable Equalizer (page 16)
Enabled
Disabled
SW1-8: Anti-streaming (page 16)
Active
Inactive
SW2-1: FSK Mode (page 18)
V.23
Bell 202
Turnaround
SW2-2: Receiver Squelch (page 18)
(valid for FSK mode, 2-wire half-duplex Squelch (Bell
202): 8ms
operation only)
SW2-3: FSK Soft Carrier (page 19)
Turnaround
Squelch (Bell 202):
0ms
Turnaround
Squelch (V.23):
150ms
Turnaround
Squelch (V.23):
0ms
Disabled
Enabled
SW2-4 and SW2-5: FSK RTS-CTS
Delay (page 19)
(see Table 2-4)
SW2-6: FSK CD Delay (page 20)
23ms
6ms
SW2-7: Remote Loopback (page 20)
Enabled
Disabled
SW2-8: Reserved (Test Only) (page 20) Test
Page 33
Normal
DIP Switch Summary
Switches
Switch Settings
ON
OFF (Default)
SW3-1: Fast Poll/FSK (page 22)
FSK
Fast Poll Auto-Rate
SW3-2: Data Rate (page 23)
4800 bps
9600 bps
SW3-3: Async Character (page 23)
11 bits
10 bits
SW3-4: Auto RTS (page 23)
Enabled
Disabled
SW3-5: Transmitter Termination (page
24)
Switched by RTS
600 Ω
SW3-6: Reserved (Test Only) (page 24) Test
Normal
SW3-7: 2- or 4-wire (page 24)
2-wire, half-duplex 4-wire, full-duplex
SW3-8: Carrier Control (page 25)
Constant
Switched
SW3-9: Rx Termination (page25)
600 Ω
High Rx Impedance
SW3-10: Signal Ground and Earth
Ground Option (page 25)
Connected
Separated
Page 34
Appendix C
Specifications
General Specifications
Data rate:
9600, 4800, or 0-1800 bps asynchronous
Data format:
8 or 9 data bits with 1 or more stop bits
DTE interface:
EIA RS-232 or V.24 compatible
Line conditions:
TELCO Voice band 4- or 2-wire leased line,
conditioned or unconditioned
Private metallic circuits up to 9.5 miles (24
AWG) without cable equalizer. Up to 15.0 miles
(24 AWG) with TX and RX cable equalizer
Operating modes:
2-wire half-duplex or 4-wire full-duplex
Modulation:
High-speed fast poll – proprietary
FSK, Bell 202T or V.23 compatible
•
Mark = 1200 Hz (1300 Hz, V.23)
•
Space = 2200 Hz (2100 Hz, V.23)
•
Soft Carrier = 900 Hz (Bell 202T only)
Equalizer:
Automatic, adaptive
RTS-CTS Delay:
23 ms. (fast poll)
8, 33, 59, or 219 ms (Bell 202)
33 ms (V.23)
Page 35
Specifications
Receiver
dynamic range:
0 to –30 dBm or –10 to –43 dBm
Operating
temperature:
-40°C to +85°C
Power supply:
Wide range switching power supply:
•
DSP9612FP (AC version): 85 to 265Volts
AC, 50/60 Hz, single phase or 85 to 400
VDC
•
DSP9612-LV (DC version):10 to 53 Volts
DC
Surge protection:
Leased line, up to 15KV
Carrier control:
Constant or switched, DIP switch selectable
Carrier loss
recovery:
Train on Data
Throughput delay: Less than 10 milliseconds for fast polling.
Auto RTS:
Support DTE without hardware RTS
(high speed only)
Anti-Streaming:
27-second timer to prevent transmitter lock-up
network
Mechanical Specifications
Enclosure:
Aluminum with removable front and rear panels
Dimensions:
5.70” wide x 8.30” long x 1.50” high
Weight:
1.9 lbs.
Interface connectors
Leased line:
4-position screw terminal.
Data Terminal
Equipment:
DB-25 female connector
Page 36
Interface Connector Pin Assignments
Interface Connector Pin Assignments
Leased Line Terminal Block Pin Assignments
This Pin
Number…
Corresponds to
This Signal…
1
Rx
2
Rx
3
Tx
4
Tx
Back-to-Back Connection to a Second Modem
Page 37
Specifications
RS-232 (DTE) Interface
Signal Name
Modem Input/Output
DB25 Pin
Description
Earth GND

1
Earth Ground
TXD
Input
2
Transmit Data
RXD
Output
3
Receive Data
RTS
Input
4
Request To Send
CTS
Output
5
Clear To Send
DSR
Output
6
Data Set Ready
(Modem Ready)
SG

7
Signal Ground
DCD
Output
8
Data Carrier
Detected
DRS
Input
23
Data Rate Select
Environmental Specifications
Operating temperature: -40 to + 85o C
Storage temperature:
-40 to +125o C
Operating humidity:
5 to 95 %, non-condensing.
Line Isolation:
3750 V RMS
Surge protection:
Leased line up to 15K VA
Page 38
Compliances
Compliances
The modem is designed to meet the following agency requirements:
EMI/RFI:
FCC part 15 for Class A computing device
Industry Canada. (Emissions)
Page 39
Specifications
NOTES
Page 40
Appendix D
Compliances
This device complies with Part 15A of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
A digital device, pursuant to Part 15A of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of
the following measures:
™
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
™
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
™
Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit other than the one to
which the receiver is connected.
™
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
If none of these actions resolves the problem, consult your distributor or an
experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions.
Additionally, Section 15.838, paragraph d), of the FCC Rules and Regulations
states: “Where special accessories, such as shielded cables, are required in
order to meet FCC regulations, shielded cables must be used with this
equipment. Operation with non-approved equipment or unshielded cables is
likely to result in interference to radio and TV reception. The user is cautioned
that changes and modifications to this equipment without the approval of the
manufacturer could void the user’s authority to operate this equipment.
Page 41
Compliances
Department of Canada Statement
This Class A digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian
Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations.
Cet appareil numerique de la classe A respecte toutes les exigences du
Reglement sur le materiel brouilleur du Canada.
Page 42
Appendix E
Limited Product
Warranty
workmanship and perform to applicable published specifications for a period of
18 months from the date of delivery to Customer or 12 months from placement into service,
whichever occurs first. The liability of hereunder shall be limited to replacing or
repairing, at its option, any defective Products which are returned F.O.B.,
facility, Lake Forest, California (or, at option refunding the purchase price of
such products). In no case are Products to be returned without first obtaining permission
and a customer return order number from In no event shall be liable
for any consequential or incidental damages.
Products which have been subject to abuse, misuse, accident, alteration, neglect,
unauthorized repair or installation are not covered by the warranty. shall make
the final determination as to the existence and cause of any alleged defect. No liability is
assumed for expendable items such as lamps and fuses. No warranty is made with respect
to custom products or Products produced to Customer's specifications except as specifically
stated in writing by in the agreement for such custom products.
This warranty is the only warranty made by with respect to the goods delivered
hereunder, and may be modified or amended only by a written instrument signed by a duly
authorized officer or and accepted by Customer.
This warranty and limitation extends to customer and to users of the product and is in lieu
of all warranties with respect to the product whether express, implied, or statutory,
including without limitation the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose.
Page 43
Appendix F
RMA Procedure
Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) Procedure
Before returning any product, an RMA number must be obtained.
Before asking for an RMA number, ascertain that the product was purchased from
If you bought the product from a Distributor or Systems Integrator, the
product should be returned to that vendor.
The most convenient method to obtain an RMA number for a product purchased from
is to send an email to Information required must
include
Your Company Name, address, the actual address that we would use to return the product
to you. Please include any Mail Stop or specific delivery information. The City, State,
and zip code are all required. Your phone and FAX numbers. Your email address.
If the above information is on your letterhead, that format is acceptable.
For each item you wish to return: List the product model number, usually found on the
serial number tag, the serial number for each item you wish to return, a description of the
problem you are encountering, and the cause of the problem (if known).
A product support specialist may call to verify that the product is properly installed or
may ask you to perform tests to insure that the product has actually failed.
After review of the problem, an RMA number will be assigned, you will be notified by
email or FAX.
The product must be properly packed and returned to:
The RMA number must be legibly displayed on the shipping carton.
No RMA’s will be issued without a product review, will not be responsible for
any product returned without an RMA number.
In the near future the RMA form will be available on our Web site
Fill in all blanks and click on the “Submit” button.
If you think the product may be out of warranty, include a method of payment for repairs,
either a Purchase Order number, or Credit card number, Card Holder Name, Date of
Expiration on the RMA request. Repairs currently require 5 – 10 working days, and are
returned UPS second day air.
Page 44
RMA Procedure
Page 45