BMW Z3 roadster Owner`s manual

Contents
A-Z
Owner’s Manual for the vehicle.
With a quick reference guide
for your convenience.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Z3 roadster 2.3
Z3 roadster 2.8
Z3 coupe 2.8
M roadster
M coupe
modell
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Congratulations, and thank you for choosing a BMW.
Thorough familiarity with your vehicle will provide you with enhanced control and
security when you drive it. We therefore have this request:
Please take the time to read this Owner's Manual and familiarize yourself with the
information that we have compiled for you before starting off in your new car.
It contains important data and instructions intended to assist you in gaining maximum use and satisfaction from the unique range of technical features on your BMW.
The manual also contains information on care and maintenance designed to enhance operating safety and contribute to maintaining the value of your BMW
throughout an extended service life.
This manual is supplemented by a Service and Warranty Information Booklet
(US models) or a Warranty and Service Guide Booklet (Canadian models). We
recommend that you read this publication thoroughly.
Your BMW is covered by the following warranties:
– New Vehicle Limited Warranty
– Limited Warranty Rust Perforation
– Federal Emissions System Defect Warranty
– Federal Emissions Performance Warranty
– California Emissions Control System Limited Warranty
Detailed information about these warranties is listed in the Service and Warranty
Information Booklet (US models) or in the Warranty and Service Guide Booklet
(Canadian models).
We wish you an enjoyable driving experience.
Preface
BMW AG
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Notes on the Owner's Manual
We have made every effort to ensure
that you are able to find what you need
in this Owner's Manual as quickly as
possible. The fastest way to find certain
topics is by using the detailed index at
the end. If you wish an initial overview
of your vehicle, this can be found in the
first chapter. The detailed list of contents that directly follows the summary
of contents is intended to stimulate
your curiosity regarding your BMW and
to encourage you to read the manual.
Should you wish to sell your BMW at
some time in the future, please remember to pass the Owner's Manual on to
the new owner – the manual represents
a legally-required element of the vehicle.
If you have additional questions, a
BMW center will be glad to advise you.
© 1999 BMW AG
Munich, Germany
Reprinting, including excerpts, only with the
written consent of BMW AG, Munich.
Order no. 01 41 0 155 149
US English IX/99
Printed in Germany
Printed on environmentally friendly paper
(bleached without chlorine, suitable for recycling).
Symbols used
The individual vehicle
These sections contain vital information – please read the accompanying text passages carefully, both
for the your own safety and to prevent
damage to your BMW.<
On buying your BMW, you have decided in favor of a model with individualized equipment and features. This
Owner's Manual describes all models
and equipment that BMW offers within
the same group.
These passages contain information on special and unique features of your vehicle.<
Indicates special information concerning recycling.<
< Indicates the end of a note.
* Indicates special equipment, country-specific equipment and optional
extras.
We hope you will understand that
equipment and features are included
which you might not have chosen for
your vehicle. Any differences can easily
be identified, since all optional accessories and special equipment are
marked with an asterisk *.
If your BMW features equipment which
is not described in this Owner's Manual
(a car radio or telephone, for instance),
Supplementary Owner's Manuals are
enclosed. We ask you to read these
manuals as well.
Notes on the Owner's Manual
Symbols used
The individual vehicle
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5n
Status at time of printing
BMW pursues a policy of continuous,
ongoing development which is conceived to ensure that our vehicles continue to embody the highest quality
standards combined with advanced,
state-of-the-art technology. For this
reason, it is possible that the features
described in this Owner's Manual could
differ from those on your vehicle. Nor
can errors and omissions be entirely
ruled out. You are therefore asked to
appreciate that no legal claims can be
entertained on the basis of the data,
illustrations or descriptions in this manual.
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6n
For your own safety
Important safety information!
Installation and operation of non-BMW
approved accessories such as alarms,
Use unleaded gasoline only. Fuels For your own safety, use genuine parts radios, amplifiers, radar detectors,
containing up to and including
and accessories approved by BMW.
wheels, suspension components, brake
10% ethanol or other oxygenates with
When you purchase accessories tested dust shields, telephones (including
up to 2.8% oxygen by weight (i.e. 15% and approved by BMW and Original
operation of any portable cellular phone
MTBE or 3% methanol plus an equiva- BMW Parts, you simultaneously acquire from within the vehicle without using an
lent amount of co-solvent) will not void the assurance that they have been thor- externally mounted antenna) or transthe applicable warranties respecting
oughly tested by BMW to ensure opticeiver equipment (such as C.B., walkiedefects in materials or workmanship.
mum performance when installed on
talkie, ham radio or similar) may cause
Field experience has indicated signifiyour vehicle.
extensive damage to the vehicle, comcant differences in fuel quality (i.e. vola- BMW warrants these parts to be free
promise its safety, interfere with the
tility, composition or additives, etc.).
from defects in material and workman- vehicle's electrical system or affect the
among gasolines offered for sale in the ship.
validity of the BMW Limited Warranty.
United States and Canada. The use of
BMW will not accept any liability for
See your BMW center for additional inpoor-quality fuels may result in drivedamage resulting from installation of
formation.<
ability, starting and stalling problems
parts and accessories not approved
Maintenance, replacement, or
especially under certain environmental by BMW.
repair of the emission control
conditions such as high ambient temBMW cannot test every product made
perature and high altitude.
by other manufacturers to verify if it can devices and systems may be performed
by any automotive repair establishment
Should you encounter driveability prob- be used on a BMW safely and without
or individual using any certified autolems that you suspect could be related risk to either the vehicle, its operation,
motive part.<
to the fuel you are using, we recomor its occupants.
mend that you respond by switching
Original BMW Parts, BMW Accessories
to a recognized high-quality brand.
and other products approved by BMW, Symbol on vehicle parts
Failure to comply with these recomtogether with professional advice on
Indicates that you should consult
mendations may result in unscheduled using these items, are available from
the relevant section of this Owner's
maintenance.
all BMW centers.
Manual for information on a particular
Follow the relevant safety rules when
part or assembly.
you are handling gasoline.<
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7n
The following only applies to vehicles owned and operated in the US.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying BMW of
North America, Inc., P.O. Box 1227, Westwood, New Jersey 07675-1227, Telephone (201) 307-4000.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or BMW of North America, Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 202-366-0123 in
Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can
also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
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Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Overview
9n
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Owner service procedures
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Cockpit 16
Instrument cluster –
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe 18
Instrument cluster –
M roadster, M coupe 20
Indicator and warning lamps 22
Hazard warning flashers 26
Warning triangle 26
First-aid kit 27
Refueling 27
Fuel specifications 28
Tire inflation pressure (table) 29
Controls and features
Overview
Contents
Opening and closing:
Keys 34
Electronic vehicle
immobilizer 35
Central locking system 36
Opening and closing from the
outside 36
Opening and closing from the
inside 37
Luggage compartment lid 38
Electric power windows 39
Sunroof, coupe 40
Convertible top 41
Adjustments:
Seats 50
Mirrors 51
Safety systems:
Safety belts 53
Airbags 55
Child restraint systems 57
Driving:
Steering/Ignition lock 59
Starting the engine 60
Switching off the engine 61
Parking brake 61
Manual transmission 62
Automatic transmission 63
Turn signals/High beams 65
Wiper/Washer system 66
Rear window defroster 67
Cruise Control 68
Everything under control:
Odometer 69
Tachometer 69
Fuel gauge 69
Temperature gauge 70
Service Interval Display 70
Auxiliary instruments,
M roadster, M coupe 71
Digital clock, Z3 coupe 72
Analog clock, Z3 roadster 72
Onboard computer 73
Technology for safety and
convenience:
Automatic Stability Control
plus Traction (ASC+T)/Dynamic
Stability Control (DSC) 76
Lamps:
Parking lamps/Low beam 77
Fog lamps 78
Interior lamps 78
Reading lamps 79
Controlling the climate
for pleasant driving:
Heating and ventilation 80
Heating and ventilation/
Air conditioning 84
Seat heating 89
Contents
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Cabin convenience:
Glove compartment 90
Additional storage areas 90
Storage boxes 90
Beverage holder 91
Ashtray 91
Cigarette lighter 92
Loading and transporting:
coupe:
Roll-up cover 93
Separation net 93
Cargo loading 94
Roof-mounted luggage
rack 95
Operation, care and maintenance
Controls and features
11n
Special operating instructions:
Break-in procedure 98
Driving notes 99
Catalytic converter 100
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) 101
Disc brakes 103
Brake system 104
Winter operation 105
Power steering 106
Cellular phone 107
Radio reception 107
Hardtop – roadster 108
Wheels and tires:
Notes on inflation pressure 110
Tire condition 110
Tire replacement 111
Tire rotation 113
Wheel and tire
combinations 114
Snow chains 115
Winter tires 115
Approved wheel and tire
specifications 116
In the engine compartment:
Hood 119
Engine compartment 120
Fluids for the washer
systems 124
Washer nozzles 124
Engine oil 125
Coolant 128
Brake fluid 130
Vehicle Identification 130
Care and maintenance:
The BMW Maintenance
System 131
Caring for your car 132
Airbags 139
Storing your vehicle 140
Laws and regulations:
Technical modifications
to the vehicle 141
OBD connector 142
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Adaptive Transmission Control
(ATC) 176
Airbags 176
Automatic Stability Control plus
Traction (ASC+T)/Dynamic
Stability Control (DSC) 177
Radio reception 177
Safety belt tensioner 178
Interior rearview mirror with
automatic dimmer 178
Limited slip differential 179
Technical data
Replacement procedures:
Onboard tool kit 146
Windshield wiper blades 146
Lamps and bulbs 147
Master key with battery
lamp 154
Tire change – Z3 roadster,
Z3 coupe 155
Repairing a flat tire,
M roadster, M coupe 162
Battery 166
Fuses 169
Advanced technology
Owner service procedures
Contents
Engine specifications 182
Dimensions 183
Weights 184
Capacities 185
Electrical system 186
Drive belts 186
In case of electrical
malfunction:
Power convertible top 170
Fuel filler door 170
Assistance, giving and
receiving:
Jump-starting 170
Towing the vehicle 172
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Index
13n
Everything from A to Z 190
Owner service procedures 195
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14n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Owner service procedures
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Cockpit 16
Instrument cluster – Z3 roadster,
Z3 coupe 18
Instrument cluster – M roadster,
M coupe 20
Indicator and warning lamps 22
Hazard warning flashers 26
Warning triangle 26
First-aid kit 27
Refueling 27
Fuel specifications 28
Tire inflation pressure (table) 29
Overview
15n
Overview
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367us390
16nCockpit
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Cockpit
17n
7 Fog lamps 78
8 Hood release 119
Controls
6 > Turn signals 65
> High beam 65
> Headlamp flasher 65
> Onboard computer* 73
Car care
5 Cruise control* 68
Technology Repairs
4 Hazard warning flashers 26
Data
3 Wiper/Washer system 66
Index
2 Horn
Overview
1 Parking lamps/Low beam 77
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cluster – Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
367us705
18nInstrument
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5 Tachometer 69
6 Coolant temperature gauge 70
7 Indicator and warning lamps for:
> Brake pad wear 24
> Brake hydraulic system 22, 23
> Parking brake 23
> Airbags 23
8 Indicator and warning lamps for:
> Service Engine Soon 24
> Automatic transmission* 24
> Safety belts 23
> Engine oil level 23, 24
> Antilock Brake System
(ABS) 23, 24
9 Indicator lamp for Automatic
Stability Control plus Traction
(ASC+T)/Dynamic Stability
Control (DSC)* 23, 24
14 Trip odometer reset button 69
The illustration shows the instrument
cluster in the US version. In the Canadian models, some of the indicator and
warning lamps have a different appearance. Refer to pages 22 to 25.
Controls
4 Indicator and warning lamps for:
> Battery charge current 22
> High beam 25
> Engine oil pressure 22
Car care
3 Speedometer
Technology Repairs
2 Indicator lamp for turn signals 25
13 Indicator and warning lamps for:
> Front fog lamps* 25
> Electronic Engine Power Control
(EML) 24
Data
1 Fuel gauge with indicator lamp
for reserve range 69
19n
Overview
Instrument cluster – Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
11 Service Interval Display 70, 131
12 Odometer 69
Index
10 Trip odometer 69
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367us706
20nInstrument
cluster – M roadster, M coupe
M roadster
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The illustration shows the instrument
cluster in the US version. In the Canadian models, some of the indicator and
warning lamps have a different appearance. Refer to pages 22 to 25.
5 Tachometer 69
6 Engine coolant gauge 70
7 Indicator and warning lamps for:
> Brake pad wear 24
> Brake hydraulic system 22, 23
> Parking brake 23
> Airbags 23
8 Indicator and warning lamps for:
> Service Engine Soon 24
> Safety belts 23
> Antilock Braking System
(ABS) 23, 24
9 Indicator lamp for Automatic
Stability Control plus Traction
(ASC+T)/Dynamic Stability
Control (DSC)* 23, 24
Overview
13 Trip odometer reset button 69
4 Indicator and warning lamps for:
> Battery charge current 22
> High beam 25
> Engine oil pressure 22
Controls
12 Odometer 69
3 Speedometer
11 Service Interval Display 70, 131
Car care
2 Indicator lamp for turn signals 25
Technology Repairs
10 Trip odometer 69
Data
1 Fuel gauge with a lamp for the
reserve tank 69
21n
Index
Instrument cluster – M roadster, M coupe
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22nIndicator
and warning lamps
Technology that monitors itself
Red: Stop immediately
Many of the systems of your BMW
monitor themselves automatically, both
during engine starts and while you are
driving. Indicator and warning lamps
that are identified by "●" are tested for
proper functioning whenever the ignition key is turned. They each light up
once for different periods of time.
Battery charge current ●
The battery is no longer being
charged. The alternator drive
belt is defective or there is a malfunction in the charging circuit of the alternator. Please contact the nearest BMW
center.
If a fault should occur in one of these
systems, the corresponding lamp does
not go out after the engine is started or
it lights up while the vehicle is moving.
You will see how to react to this below.
If the drive belt is defective, do not
continue driving. The engine could
be damaged due to overheating. Increased force is required to steer the
vehicle if the drive belt is defective. <
Brake hydraulic system ●
The brake fluid level is too low.
Before driving further, be sure to
read the notes on pages 104 and 130.
Warning lamp, brake hydraulic
system for Canadian models.
Engine oil pressure ●
Stop the vehicle and switch off
the engine immediately. Check
the engine oil level. Top up as required.
If oil level is correct: Please contact the
nearest BMW center.
Do not continue driving. The
engine could be damaged because of inadequate lubrication. <
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Indicator and warning lamps
Warning lamps for Canadian
models.
Parking brake warning lamp for
Canadian models.
Please fasten your safety belt ●
Together with an acoustic signal.
Comes on until the safety belts
are fastened. For additional information
on safety belts: Refer to page 53.
Airbags ●
Please have the system inspected by your BMW center.
For additional information: Refer to
pages 55 and 176.
Overview
Controls
Comes on when the parking
brake is applied.
For additional information: Refer to
page 61.
Car care
If the red warning lamp for the
brake hydraulic system comes
on together with the yellow indicator lamps for ABS and
ASC+T/DSC*: The entire ABS
and ASC+T/DSC control system
has failed. Continue to drive;
drive cautiously and defensively
and avoid full brake applications. Have the system checked by your
BMW center as soon as possible.
For additional information: Refer to
pages 76 and 102.
Technology Repairs
Do not continue driving. If you do,
the engine could be damaged due
to inadequate lubrication.<
Red and yellow: Continue to drive; Red: An important reminder
drive cautiously
Parking brake
Data
Engine oil level*
Comes on while driving: Stop
the vehicle and switch off the
engine immediately. The oil level is at
the absolute minimum.
Index
Yellow: Stop immediately
23n
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24nIndicator
and warning lamps
Yellow: Check as soon as
possible
Antilock Brake System (ABS) ●
Comes on during normal vehicle
operation: ABS has been deactivated in response to system malfunction. Conventional braking efficiency
is available without limitations. Please
have the system inspected by your
BMW center. For additional information:
Refer to page 101.
Antilock Brake System warning
lamp for Canadian models.
Engine oil level*
Comes on after the engine has
been shut off: Check the engine
oil level. For additional information:
Refer to page 125.
Automatic transmission*
Because of a malfunction, the
automatic transmission shifts
only in the emergency program. Please
consult the nearest BMW center.
For additional information: Refer to
page 64.
Brake pads ●
Have the brake pads checked.
For additional information:
Refer to page 104.
Automatic Stability Control plus
Traction (ASC+T)/Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)* ●
ASC+T/DSC has been switched off or
has been deactivated because of a malfunction. In the event of a malfunction,
have the system checked as soon as
possible by your BMW center.
For additional information: Refer to
page 76.
Electronic Engine Power Control
(EML)* ●
Malfunction in the EML*.
During braking, greater pedal pressure
may be required and pedal travel may be
increased. Please have the system inspected by your BMW center.
Service Engine Soon ●
If the indicator lamp comes on
either continuously or intermittently, this indicates a fault in the emissions-related electronic systems. Although the vehicle remains operational,
you should have the systems checked
by your BMW center at the earliest possible opportunity.
For additional information: Refer to
page 142.
"Service Engine Soon" warning
lamp for Canadian models.
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Overview
Controls
Front fog lamps*
Lights up whenever you switch
on the front fog lamps.
For additional information: Refer to
page 78.
Car care
High beams
Lights up when the high beams
are on or the headlamp flasher
is actuated.
For additional information: Refer to
page 65.
Technology Repairs
Blue: For your information
Turn signals
Flashes when the turn signals
are in operation. Rapid flashing
indicates a system malfunction.
For additional information: Refer to
page 65.
Data
Green: For your information
25n
Index
Indicator and warning lamps
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The push-button flashes rhythmically
when the hazard flashers are on.
To help you locate the switch in an
emergency, the button is also illuminated whenever the car lamps are on.
Z3 coupe
367de322
Warning triangle*
367de684
warning flashers
367de025
26nHazard
M coupe
Z3 coupe
M coupe
The warning triangle is located in the
luggage compartment under the floor
mat so that it is readily accessible (refer
to the illustration).
The warning triangle is located at the
right in the luggage compartment behind a trim panel.
Grasp the floor mat by the straps on the
left and right. Pull it upward and remove
it.
1 Fold the luggage compartment floor
mat up.
2 To loosen, turn the four mounting
clips (arrows) of the right-hand trim
panel on the rear wall of the luggage
compartment approx. 1/4 of a turn
with a coin or screwdriver.
3 Pull out the clips and remove the trim
panel.
Z3 roadster, M roadster
The warning triangle is located in the
luggage compartment in the area of the
sill.
Loosen the cover panel:
Comply with legal requirements
which cover the availability of a
hazard warning triangle in the car.<
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Refueling
In a storage tray in the luggage compartment at the left. Swing the retaining
bar upward.
Some of the articles in the first-aid
kit may be used within a limited
time only. For this reason, check the
expiration dates of each of the items
regularly, and replace any whose expiration dates have passed.
You can acquire replacements in any
drugstore or pharmacy.
Comply with legal requirements which
cover availability of a first-aid kit in the
car.<
Tank capacity: Refer to page 185.
Before filling the tank, shut off the
engine. If you do not, fuel cannot
flow into the tank and the "Service
Engine Soon" warning lamp may come
on. Refer to page 24.<
Open the fuel filler cap:
Open the fuel filler door, turn the fuel
filler cap counterclockwise and remove
the cap. Place the filler cap in the
bracket attached to the fuel filler door.
Open the filler cap carefully. If you
do not, fuel could spray out.<
Close the fuel filler cap:
Position the cap on the neck. Turn the
cap clockwise to the stop.
Close the fuel filler cap carefully.
If you do not, fuel may escape and
the "Service Engine Soon" warning
lamp may come on. Refer to page 24.<
Close the fuel filler door.
When handling fuels, comply with
all of the applicable safety precautions and regulations pertaining to
fuels.
Never carry spare fuel containers in
your vehicle. Whether they are empty or
full, these containers can leak, cause an
explosion, or lead to fire in the event of
a collision.<
Overview
Controls
M roadster
If the filler nozzle is operated correctly,
the fuel tank is full when it shuts off the
first time.
Car care
In the luggage compartment on the
right in a storage tray.
367de391
Z3 roadster
Technology Repairs
When refueling, insert the filler nozzle
completely into the filler pipe. Pulling
the nozzle out of the pipe during refueling
> results in premature shutoff
> and will reduce the effect of the vapor
recovery system.
In the luggage compartment at the left
rear. Release the Velcro® fasteners.
Data
Z3 coupe, M coupe
27n
Index
First-aid kit*
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28nFuel
specifications
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
M roadster, M coupe
The engine uses lead-free gasoline
only. However, you can refuel with different fuel qualities since the engine is
equipped with a knock sensor.
The engine uses lead-free gasoline
only. However, you can refuel with different fuel qualities since the engine is
equipped with a knock sensor.
In order to achieve rated values for engine performance and fuel consumption:
In order to achieve rated values for engine performance and fuel consumption:
> Super lead-free premium gasoline
(91 AKI).
> Super lead-free premium gasoline
(91 AKI).
The minimum fuel quality is:
The minimum fuel quality is:
> Regular lead-free gasoline (87 AKI)
> Because of the engine's design, you
should refuel with this gasoline only
as an exception.
> Lead-free premium gasoline (89 AKI)
> Because of the engine's design, you
should refuel with this gasoline only
as an exception.
Do not use leaded fuels. The use
of leaded fuels will cause permanent damage to the system's oxygen
sensor and the catalytic convertor.<
Do not use leaded fuels. The use
of leaded fuels will cause permanent damage to the system's oxygen
sensor and the catalytic convertor.<
AKI = Anti Knock Index
AKI = Anti Knock Index
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All pressure specifications are indicated
in psi (Kilopascal [kPa]) with the tires at
ambient temperature (refer also to the
next pages).
Your vehicle is equipped with tires that
meet both US standards and European
standards. We recommend the exclusive use of BMW-approved tires.
Overview
Controls
The inflation pressures in the table apply
to tires made by BMW-approved manufacturers. Your BMW center is familiar
with these pressures. Higher pressures
may be specified for tires made by other
manufacturers. You will find a list of
approved tires beginning on page 116.
Car care
Comply with tire approval
specifications
Technology Repairs
Check tire pressures
Check tire inflation pressures regularly – at least every two weeks
and before beginning a longer trip. Incorrect tire pressure can otherwise lead
to tire damage and accidents.
Check the air pressure of the spare tire
(Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe) as well. Refer
to the following tables and page 110.<
Data
The inflation pressures are indicated on
a label attached to the B-pillar behind
the driver's door (visible with door
open).
29n
Index
367de388
Tire inflation pressure
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30nTire
inflation pressure
BMW
Z3 roadster 2.3
Z3 roadster 2.8
Z3 coupe 2.8
Tires
All tire pressures are in psi
(kilopascals [kPa])
225/50 R 16 92 V
225/50 ZR 16
29 (200)
32 (220)
Front: 225/45 ZR 17
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17
29 (200)
–
–
32 (220)
205/60
205/55
225/50
225/45
32 (220)
35 (240)
Spare tire:
T 125/90 R 15 96 M
60 (420)
60 (420)
225/50 ZR 16
225/50 R 16 92 W
29 (200)
32 (220)
Front: 225/45 ZR 17
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17
29 (200)
–
–
32 (220)
205/60
205/55
225/50
225/45
32 (220)
35 (240)
60 (420)
60 (420)
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
15
16
16
17
15
16
16
17
91
91
92
91
91
91
92
91
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
M+S
M+S
M+S
M+S
M+S
M+S
M+S
M+S
Spare tire:
T 125/90 R 15 96 M
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Tire inflation pressure
Overview
32 (220) 35 (240) 35 (240) 38 (260)
Have the winter tires changed at
your BMW center or at a tire
service.<
Controls
225/45 R 17 91 H M+S
Car care
32 (220)
–
35 (240)
–
–
32 (220)
–
38 (260)
Technology Repairs
Front: 225/45 ZR 17
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17
Data
M roadster
M coupe
Tires
All tire pressures are in
psi (kilopascals [kPa])
Index
BMW
31n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
32n
Opening and closing:
Keys 34
Electronic vehicle
immobilizer 35
Central locking system 36
Opening and closing from the
outside 36
Opening and closing from the
inside 37
Luggage compartment lid 38
Electric power windows 39
Sunroof, coupe 40
Convertible top 41
Adjustments:
Seats 50
Mirrors 51
Safety systems:
Safety belts 53
Airbags 55
Child restraint systems 57
Driving:
Steering/Ignition lock 59
Starting the engine 60
Switching off the engine 61
Parking brake 61
Manual transmission 62
Automatic transmission 63
Turn signals/High beams 65
Wiper/Washer system 66
Rear window defroster 67
Cruise control 68
Controls
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Controlling the climate
for pleasant driving:
Heating and ventilation 80
Heating and ventilation/
Air conditioning 84
Seat heating 89
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Car care
Controls and features
Owner service procedures
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Lamps:
Parking lamps/Low beam 77
Fog lamps 78
Interior lamps 78
Reading lamps 79
Loading and transporting
cargo:
coupe:
Roll-up cover 93
Separation net 93
Cargo loading 94
Roof-mounted luggage
rack 95
Overview
Technical data
Data
Technology for safety
and convenience:
Automatic Stability Control
plus Traction (ASC+T)/Dynamic
Stability Control (DSC) 76
Cabin convenience:
Glove compartment 90
Additional storage areas 90
Storage boxes 90
Beverage holder 91
Ashtray 91
Cigarette lighter 92
Index
Index
Everything under control:
Odometer 69
Tachometer 69
Fuel gauge 69
Temperature gauge 70
Service Interval Display 70
Auxiliary instruments,
M roadster, M coupe 71
Digital clock, Z3 coupe 72
Analog clock, Z3 roadster 72
Onboard computer 73
Overview
33n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
34nKeys
365de122
Replacement keys
1 Master key with battery-powered
lamp (switch on by pressing the BMW
symbol)
Replacement keys are available exclusively through your BMW center. Your
BMW center is obligated to ensure that
a person requesting a key is authorized
to do so since the keys belong to a security system (refer to "Electronic vehicle immobilizer" on the following page).
Whenever you receive a new
replacement key, turn that key to
position 2 in the ignition lock once (ignition switched on) and then back. This
allows the electronic vehicle immobilizer to "learn" the new key.<
2 Master key without lamp
3 Spare key for storage in a safe place
such as your wallet. This key is not
intended for continuous use
4 Door and ignition key
The luggage compartment lid and the
storage boxes* cannot be opened
with this key – this is useful for valet
parking, for instance
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Electronic vehicle immobilizer
The transmitter and receiver units comply with part 15 of the FCC (Federal
Communications Commission) regulations. Operation is governed by the following:
FCC ID:
LX8EWS
Compliance statement:
This device complies with part 15 of the
FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
Index
Data
> This device may not cause harmful
interference, and
Force applied to the key can dam- > this device must accept any interference received, including interference
age the integrated electronic cirthat may cause undesired operation.
cuitry. A damaged key can no longer be
used to start the engine.<
Any unauthorized modifications
to these devices could void the
user's authority to operate the equipment.<
Controls
For US owners only
At the heart of this system is an electronic chip which is integrated into the
key. The lock mechanism itself is actually a dual-function device, simultaneously serving as a communications
interface designed to allow the security
system to maintain a continuous stream
of variable, vehicle-specific signals with
the electronic circuitry in the key. The
system will not release the ignition, fuel
injection and starter unless it recognizes an "authorized" key.
Car care
How the electronics work
The electronic vehicle immobilization
unit increases the anti-theft protection
of your BMW – you do not have to adjust or activate anything. This electronic
immobilization system is designed to
reduce the susceptibility of the vehicle
to theft by making it impossible to start
the engine using any means other than
the special keys furnished with the vehicle.
Your BMW center can cancel the electronic system authorization for individual keys (in the event a key is lost, for
instance). A deactivated key can no
longer be used to start the engine.
Technology Repairs
The key to security
Overview
35n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
36nCentral
locking system
Opening and closing from the outside
The concept
Watch the closing process carefully and be sure that no one is
trapped by the closing motion. The
movement stops when you release the
key.<
The central locking system becomes
operational when the doors are closed.
The system simultaneously engages
and releases the locks on the
The central locking system can be
operated
> from outside via the door locks and
the luggage compartment lock
(M coupe: Open only)
> from inside via the safety lock
buttons (locks doors only).
The alarm system is automatically
armed whenever you activate the central locking system from outside the
vehicle. It prevents the doors from being unlocked with the lock buttons or
release handles.
The central locking system unlocks
automatically in the event of an accident. In addition, the hazard warning
flashers and interior lamps come on.
Manual operation
367de011
> doors
> luggage compartment
> fuel filler door.
(in the event of electrical failure)
Turn the key all the way to the extreme
left or right to unlock/lock the door.
With the key
If the vehicle has been locked
from the outside, persons remaining inside the vehicle cannot unlock it.<
Convenience locking mode
Electrically powered windows can also
be closed from the door locks:
When the doors are closed, hold the
key in the "Lock" position.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
To avoid being accidentally locked out
of the car:
> The vehicle cannot be locked with
the lock button when the driver's
door is open.
> The lock button on the passenger's
door only operates the central locking system if both doors are closed.
Overview
Controls
When the lock button of any door is
pressed down, the doors and luggage
compartment are locked. The anti-theft
system is not activated.
The fuel filler door also remains unlocked to allow refueling.
Car care
To engage the locks
Children might be able to lock the
doors from the inside. For this reason, take the vehicle's keys with you so
that the vehicle can be opened again
from the outside at any time.<
Technology Repairs
> Pull the door handle of a door twice
(the initial pull unlocks the door, and
the second opens it).
Data
To unlock and open the doors
37n
Index
Opening and closing from the inside
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
38nLuggage
compartment lid
Locking separately
(not for the M coupe)
Z3 roadster
The lock
The illustration depicts the luggage
compartment lock of the Z3 roadster
as an example.
The controls and function for the
Z3 coupe, M coupe (open only) and
the M roadster are the same as for
the Z3 roadster.
This locks the luggage compartment
and disengages it from the central locking system. If you then surrender only
the door and ignition key (refer to
page 34), access to the vehicle through
the luggage compartment is not possible (for valet parking, for instance).
Manual operation
(in the event of electrical failure)
Turn the master key in the lock of the
luggage compartment lid to the left to
the stop – the luggage compartment
opens easily.
The luggage compartment is locked
Only the master keys (refer to page 34) again as soon as it is closed.
will fit in the luggage compartment lock.
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367de368
Turn the master key to the right until the
slot is horizontal, then remove the key.
Z3 coupe, M coupe
To close
The illustration depicts the luggage
compartment lid of the Z3 coupe or
M coupe.
The handle recess in the interior trim
panel of the luggage compartment lid
(arrow) makes it easier to pull the lid
down.
On the Z3 roadster and M roadster, the
handle recess is located to the left of
the lock mechanism.
To avoid injuries, be sure that the
travel path of the luggage compartment lid is clear when it is closed,
as with all closing procedures.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Luggage compartment lid Electric power windows
> Depress the rocker switch until you
feel resistance.
The window continues moving for as
long as you maintain pressure on the
switch.
> Press the rocker switch beyond the
pressure point (one-touch mode):
The window moves automatically.
Press the switch a second time to
stop the window.
Controls
Car care
For convenience closing via the door
lock, refer to page 36.
Data
From ignition key position 1 and up:
Index
Opening and closing windows
Because the power windows are
sealed at high pressure to prevent
wind noise when closed, a powerful
motor is required for efficient closing.
When closing the windows, always ensure that they are not obstructed in any
way. Unsupervised use of these systems can result in serious personal injury. Remove the ignition key to deactivate the electric power windows whenever you leave the car. Never leave the
keys in the car with unsupervised children.
Never place anything that could obstruct the driver's vision on or next to
the windows.<
Technology Repairs
Actuation is still possible for up to
15 minutes in ignition key position 0 or
if the ignition key has been removed, as
long as no doors have been opened.
Overview
After the ignition has been switched off:
367de668
Do not drive with the luggage
compartment lid open, since exhaust fumes could penetrate the interior
of the vehicle. Should it be absolutely
necessary to operate the vehicle with
the luggage compartment lid open
(coupe; roadster with closed convertible top):
> Close all windows. On the coupe,
close the sunroof.
> Increase the air supply of the heating
and ventilation system to a high level.
Refer to page 80 or 84.<
39n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
40nElectric
power windows
Sunroof*, coupe
Jam protection
To prevent injuries, exercise care
when closing the sunroof. Keep it
in your field of vision until it is closed.<
You can override this jam protection function (if there is an attempted unauthorized entrance from
the outside, for instance) by pressing
the switch beyond the resistance point
and holding it.<
367de689
If one of the windows comes into contact with an object between the window
and roof frame when it is closing, the
closing cycle is interrupted immediately
and the window will open again slightly.
To avoid pressure or drafts in the passenger compartment when the sunroof
is open, keep the air vents in the dashboard open and increase the air supply
if necessary. Refer to pages 82 and 86.
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Lifting – Closing
From ignition key position 1 and up:
To lift: Press button 1.
To close: Press button 2.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Manual convertible top, roadster
41n
Overview
Weather protection
Car care
Controls
4 Continue to raise the top at the front
and push it toward the rear into the
convertible top well.
In the process, make sure the rear
window is laid down evenly and free
of creases. To prevent the rear window from being scratched, a soft
cloth should be laid in the window
fold.
Technology Repairs
To prevent damage, do not operate the
convertible top at temperatures below
32 7 (0 6).
Be sure that the convertible top
folds at the front linkage joints first
(refer to arrow 2). If it does not, the convertible top linkage could be bent.<
Data
1 With the doors closed, lower the side
windows a few inches (centimeters).
2 Releasing the convertible top: Pull
the levers outward on the left and the
Never mount a roof-mounted luggage
right of the convertible top frame
rack on the convertible top. Please con(refer to the illustration).
tact your BMW center for suitable securing devices and additional accessories.
3 Raise the convertible top approx.
8 inches (20 cm) from the convertible
top frame on the inside to relieve tension on the top. Refer to arrow 1.
Index
To open
367de399
It is advisable to close the convertible
top when the vehicle is parked. The
closed convertible top not only protects
the passenger compartment from unforeseeable damage from the weather,
it also provides a certain degree of theft
protection. In addition, keep valuables
only in the locked luggage compartment, even with the convertible top
closed.
367de046
The convertible top combines reliable
protection from the elements with simple, convenient operation. Here are a
few tips to ensure that you have pleasure with your roadster.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
42nManual
convertible top, roadster
To mount the cover
The illustration depicts a representative
schematic of the fasteners for the convertible cover.
To secure, press the outer ring of the
cover fastener onto the mating piece on
the vehicle (refer to the arrows).
367us669
In order to avoid subsequent
moisture damage, do not open
and store the convertible top when it is
wet (refer also to the chapter on vehicle
care).<
367de274
5 Fold the release lever against the
convertible top frame.
The attachment points of the cover are
indicated by the four arrows in the illustration.
1 Position the convertible cover on the
convertible top well and align the
upper portions of the fasteners with
the lower portions on the vehicle.
2 Lift the cover at the rear, reach
underneath it and engage the two
middle fasteners.
3 Attach the front fasteners.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Manual convertible top, roadster
> Loosen the fasteners. Pull the cap
of the latch upward. Refer to the
arrow.
Controls
Car care
367us670
> Loosen the front fasteners (outer
arrows).
> Pull the outer frame of the cover
under the edge of the convertible
top well.
> Lift the cover from the rear and release the middle fasteners (middle
arrows).
Technology Repairs
Be sure that the cover is secured
properly on the vehicle. If it is not
firmly secured, the flow of air while driving could loosen the cover at higher
speeds.<
1 To remove the convertible top cover:
Data
In order to avoid soiling of the inside of the convertible top, always
drive with the cover secured in place.<
To close
Index
4 Push the peripheral frame of the
cover under the edge of the convertible top well.
5 Check the convertible cover to be
sure it is properly secured.
367de275
367us077
Overview
43n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
44nManual
convertible top, roadster
> To avoid damage, carefully fold the
cover and store it in the luggage
compartment.
Do not position heavy objects on
the cover.
If you store the cover away from the
vehicle, the cover should be spread
out.<
2 When the doors are closed, lower the
side windows slightly.
367de047
367de247
Be sure that the fastener hooks 2
on the left and right are securely
engaged in the frame of the windshield.
If they are not, the convertible top could
open while the vehicle is moving.<
3 Pull the release lever away from the
frame as far as possible.
4 Holding the convertible top at the
front convertible top frame, lift it out
of the convertible top well and fold it
forward.
At higher speeds, it may occur
that the lower air pressure which
is created in the passenger compartment will cause the top or the rear window to flutter. Increase the air supply
via the ventilation controls so that a
vacuum does not occur in the vehicle.<
When folding the convertible top
forward, do not grasp it by the
side linkage. If you do so, there is a risk
of injury to your hands and fingers.<
5 Insert the pins 1, on the left and the
right, into the guides in the windshield frame. Using the handle recess
in the center of the convertible top
frame, pull the convertible top down.
Hold the top in this position and
secure both fasteners (refer also to
page 109).
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Power convertible top, roadster*
To prevent damage, do not operate the
convertible top at temperatures below
32 7 (0 6).
To conserve the battery, it is advisable
to operate the top only with the engine
running.
Overview
Controls
Car care
1 With the doors closed, lower the side
windows a few inches (centimeters).
2 Releasing the convertible top: Pull
the levers outward on the left and the
right of the frame of the top (refer to
the illustration).
Technology Repairs
Never mount a roof-mounted luggage
rack on the convertible top. Please contact your BMW center for suitable securing devices and additional accessories.
To open
Data
It is advisable to close the convertible
top when the vehicle is parked. The
closed convertible top not only protects
the passenger compartment from unforeseeable damage from the weather,
it also provides a certain degree of theft
protection. In addition, keep valuables
only in the locked luggage compartment, even with the convertible top
closed.
Operate the convertible top only
when the vehicle is stationary.
Do not lay objects on the convertible
top, since they would fall off when the
convertible top is operated and cause
damage or injuries.
Do not reach into the convertible top
mechanism during opening and closing.
Keep children away from the moving
parts of the convertible top during
operation.
The automatic sequence is interrupted
immediately if the button for actuating
the top (page 46 and 49) is released.
The sequence can be continued in the
desired direction by pressing the button.<
Index
The convertible top combines reliable
protection from the elements with simple, convenient operation. Here are a
few tips to ensure that you have pleasure with your roadster.
367de046
Weather protection
45n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
46nPower
convertible top, roadster*
367us366
367de399
If the convertible top has not been
lifted far enough, or if the footbrake is not applied, the motor which
operates the convertible top will not
operate.<
In order to avoid subsequent
moisture damage, do not leave
the convertible top open when it is wet
(refer also to the chapter on vehicle
care).<
3 Raise the convertible top approx.
5 Hold the footbrake down during the
8 inches (20 cm) from the convertible
entire opening procedure.
top frame on the inside to relieve ten- 6 Lift the convertible top frame. Press
sion on the top. Refer to arrow 1.
and hold the button for convertible
top operation in the "Open" direcBe sure that the convertible top
tion (2) until the opening process is
folds at the front linkage joints first
completed and the cnvertible top is
(refer to arrow 2). If it does not, the confolded into the convertible top well.
vertible top linkage could be bent.<
Depending on the vehicle model, the
arrangement and appearance of the
4 Press the release lever against the
buttons may vary. Please refer to the
frame of the top.
individual symbols for selecting the
desired function.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Power convertible top, roadster*
367us077
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
To secure, press the outer ring of the
cover fastener onto the mating piece on
the vehicle (refer to the arrows).
The attachment points of the cover are 4 Push the peripheral frame of the
cover under the edge of the convertindicated by the four arrows in the illusible top well.
tration.
5 Check the convertible cover to be
1 Position the convertible cover on the
sure it is properly secured.
convertible top well and align the upper portions of the fasteners with the
In order to avoid soiling of the inlower portions on the vehicle.
side of the convertible top, always
2 Lift the cover at the rear, reach
drive with the cover secured in place.<
underneath it and engage the two
middle attachments.
Be sure that the cover is secured
3 Attach the front fasteners.
properly on the vehicle. If it is not
firmly secured, the flow of air while driving could loosen the cover at higher
speeds.<
Data
The illustration depicts a representative
schematic of the fasteners for the convertible cover.
Index
To mount the cover
367us669
367de274
Overview
47n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
To close
1 To remove the convertible top cover:
> Loosen the fasteners. Pull the cap
of the latch upward. Refer to the
arrow.
> Release the front fasteners (outer
arrows).
> Pull the outer frame of the cover
under the edge of the convertible
top well.
> Lift the cover from the rear and release the middle fasteners (middle
arrows).
367de247
367us670
convertible top, roadster*
367de275
48nPower
> To avoid damage, carefully fold the
cover and store it in the luggage
compartment.
Do not position heavy objects on
the cover.
The cover should be spread out if you
store it away from the vehicle.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Be sure that the fastener hooks 2
on the left and right are securely
engaged in the frame of the windshield.
If they are not, the convertible top could
open while the vehicle is moving.<
Car care
Technology Repairs
If the footbrake is not applied, the
motor which operates the convertible top will not operate.<
Data
6 Insert the pins 1, on the left and the
right, into the guides in the windshield
frame. Using the handle recess in the
center of the convertible top frame,
pull the convertible top down. Hold the
top in this position and secure both
fasteners (refer also to page 109).
Index
2 When the doors are closed, lower the
side windows slightly.
3 Pull the release lever away from the
frame as far as possible.
4 Hold the footbrake down during the
entire closing procedure.
5 Press and hold the button for convertible top operation in the "Close"
direction (1) until the closing process
is completed and the convertible top
frame has docked against the windshield frame.
Depending on the vehicle model, the
arrangement and appearance of the
buttons may vary. Please refer to the
specific symbols for selecting the
desired function.
367de047
367us366
At higher speeds, it may occur
that the lower air pressure which
is created in the passenger compartment will cause the top or the rear window to flutter. Increase the air supply
via the ventilation controls so that a
vacuum does not occur in the vehicle.<
Overview
49n
Controls
Power convertible top, roadster*
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
adjustment
For maximum safety, please comply
with the following:
Correct sitting posture
To reduce strain on your spinal column,
sit all the way back in the seat and rest
Never try to adjust your seat while your back fully against the backrest.
operating the vehicle. The seat
In the ideal sitting posture, your head
could respond with an unexpected
extends along a straight line from your
movement, and the ensuing loss of ve- spine.
hicle control could result in an accident. For long-distance driving, you may wish
Be sure that the safety belt is fastened to increase the backrest tilt angle
firmly against your body at all times. In
slightly to reduce muscular tension.
the event of a frontal impact, a loose lap You should also be able to grasp the
belt could slide over your hips, leading highest point of the steering wheel with
to abdominal injury. In addition, the
your arms slightly bent.
safety belt's restraint effectiveness is
After a seat adjustment in the coupe,
reduced if the belt is worn loosely.
adjust the height of the safety belt also.
When adjusting your seat, select a poRefer to page 53.
sition that provides the maximum distance between you and the steering
wheel, instrument panel and door while
still allowing comfortable and safe
access to all vehicle controls.<
367de015
50nSeat
1 Height*
2 Backward/Forward adjustment
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Mirrors
Exterior mirrors
Electric defrosting*
Pull the lever and apply or remove
weight as required.
Make adjustments with the large, fourdirectional mirror switch.
Both mirrors are defrosted automatically when the ignition key is in position 2.
Head restraints
The head restraints are integrated into
the backrests.
Head restraints reduce the risk of spinal
injury in the event of an accident.
Change to the other rearview mirror
with the smaller switch.
> Push the switch up – mirror on the
driver's side.
> Push the switch down – mirror on the
passenger's side.
You can also adjust the mirrors manually by pressing against the outer edges
of their lenses.
Controls
Index
Read and comply with the adjustment instructions on page 50.
Failure to do so can result in diminished
personal safety.<
Data
Backrest angle
Car care
The mirror on the passenger's
side features a lens with a more
convex surface than the mirror installed
on the driver's side. When estimating
the distance between yourself and
other traffic, bear in mind that the objects reflected in the mirror are closer
than they appear. This means that estimations of the distance to following
traffic should not be regarded as precise.<
Overview
51n
Technology Repiars
365de030
367de076
Seat adjustment
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52nMirrors
Vanity mirrors
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
367de397
367de017
Fold the sun visors down and push the
cover (coupe only) to the side.
M roadster, M coupe
Interior rearview mirror –
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Interior rearview mirror –
M roadster, M coupe
To reduce the glare effect from the rear
while driving at night, tilt the mirror by
moving the small lever.
This mirror dims automatically through
an infinitely-variable range by responding to the effects of light (ambient light
and headlamp glare).
The mirror automatically reverts to its
clear, undimmed setting whenever you
select "Reverse."
The two photocells should be kept
clean and unobstructed to ensure that
the mirror continues to operate properly. One photocell (arrow) is on the
lower edge, while the other is on the
opposite side of the mirror.
For an explanation of the electrochromic technology used in this mirror, refer
to page 178.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Safety belts
The safety belt locks also:
> In an abrupt stop or a collision
> When you pull it sharply
> During sudden braking or acceleration
> In curves
> When the vehicle is at an extreme
angle.
Controls
367de636
Safety belt height adjustment –
Z3 coupe, M coupe
You can adjust the safety belts to fit
your own physical dimensions by using
the safety belt height adjustment mechanism.
Downward adjustment:
Press the button down (arrow 1).
Upward adjustment:
Grasp the deflection fitting on the side
and slide it upward (arrows 2).
Car care
Make sure the safety belts are routed
through the belt guide loops on the seat
backrests.
Technology Repairs
To release: Press the red button in the
buckle. Hold the belt and guide it back
to its reel.
Z3 roadster, M roadster
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Data
To fasten: Make sure you hear the
catch engage in the belt buckle.
Z3 roadster, M roadster
Index
Fasten your safety belt before beginning every trip.
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367de018
Overview
53n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
54nSafety
belts
Comply with the following instructions for wearing safety belts. If
you do not, maximum personal protection will not be provided and the safety
function of the belt is limited. These instructions also apply for vehicle passengers:
Never allow more than one person to
wear a single safety belt. Never allow
infants or small children to ride in a passenger's lap.
Avoid twisting the belt while routing it
firmly across your hips and shoulder.
Do not allow the belt to rest against
hard or fragile objects in your pockets.
Do not route the belt across your neck,
or run it across sharp edges. Be sure
that the belt does not become caught
or jammed.
Be sure that the safety belt is fastened
firmly against your body at all times. For
this reason, avoid wearing bulky clothing which will prevent proper belt fit.
Pull the safety belt across your shoulders frequently to re-tension it. In the
event of a frontal impact, a loose lap
belt could slide over your hips, leading
to abdominal injury. In addition, the
safety belt's restraint effectiveness is
reduced if the belt is worn loosely.
Expectant mothers should also wear
their safety belt at all times, taking care
to ensure that the lap belt fits against
the lower hips and does not exert pressure on the abdominal area.<
For care and cleaning, refer to page 137.
If the safety belt system has been
stressed as a result of an accident
or if it has been damaged in any other
way: Have the belt system, including
the safety belt tensioner replaced by an
BMW center. In addition, have your
BMW center inspect the safety belt
anchors.
If a child restraint system was in your
vehicle during an accident, consult the
manufacturer's instructions regarding
replacement.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Airbags
Protective effect
The front airbags help protect the driver
and passenger in the event of a headon collision where the protection provided by the safety belt alone would not
be adequate. The side airbags help
provide protection in the event of a side
collision. Each side airbag provides
support to the side chest area.
> The indicator lamp fails to come on.
> The indicator lamp comes on briefly
before going out and then lighting up
again.
A system malfunction could prevent the
system from responding to a high-intensity frontal impact occurring within
its normal response range.
Please have your BMW center inspect
and repair the system as soon as possible.
Controls
System malfunction:
Data
2 Side airbags
The illustration depicts schematically
the primary directions of vehicle impact
which initiate airbag deployment.
> The indicator lamp comes on briefly.
Index
1 Front airbags for driver and front
passenger
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367de679
System operational:
Car care
The indicator lamp displays the
operational readiness of the airbag system from ignition key
position 1 and up.
Technology Repairs
Indicator lamp
Overview
55n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
56nAirbags
Sitting correctly with airbags
367de359
Never allow any objects to obstruct the
area between the airbag and an occuFor your safety, comply with the
pant.
following instructions for the airDo not use the cover panel above the
bags. If you do not, the airbags may not passenger-side airbag as a storage
be able to provide their maximum pro- area.
tection. All passengers in the vehicle
If you use a child restraint system, read
should be aware of and comply with this carefully and comply with the instrucinformation:
tions on page 57.
The airbags are supplemental restraint Be sure that child restraints are mounted
devices designed to provide extra pro- correctly and provided with the greattection; they are not a substitute for
est-possible distance between the airsafety belts. Wear your safety belt at all bags in the side trim panels. Do not
This is the correct way for a child to sit
times. The airbags will not be triggered allow children to lean out of the child's in a child restraint when side airbags
in the event of a minor accident, a vehi- seat in the direction of the side trim pan- (arrow) are provided.
cle roll-over, or collisions from the rear. els. If they do so, serious injuries can
In these instances, the safety belt pro- occur if the airbag is triggered.<
vides optimal protection.
Airbags are located under cover panels Even when you have complied with all
in the steering wheel, in the dashboard of these guidelines, there is still a small
and in the side trim panels of the doors. residual risk of minor facial, hand and
Adjust your seat to a position that pro- arm injuries from airbag deployment
vides maximum distance between you
occurring in isolated instances.
and the steering wheel, the instrument The ignition and inflation noise may
panel and the door while still allowing
cause a mild temporary hearing loss in
comfortable and safe access to all
extremely sensitive individuals.
vehicle controls.
Corresponding airbag safety precauTo avoid sustaining hand and arm inju- tions are provided on both sun visors
ries, always grasp the steering wheel on and the instrument panel (US models).
the rim with the hands at the 9 and
For additional information concerning
3 o'clock positions. Do not place your
the airbag system, refer to pages 139
hands on the center pad.
and 176.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Overview
Controls
Car care
In the interest of the child's safety,
please read carefully and comply with
the instructions for installation and use
provided by the child restraint's manufacturer whenever your use such a
device.
Do not allow children to lean out of a
child restraint system toward the door
or dashboard, as otherwise serious injuries may result if the airbag deploys.
Always ensure that all occupants (of all
ages) remain properly and securely restrained at all times.
Read carefully and comply with the
safety precautions covering safety belts
on pages 53 and 54. If you do not, the
protective function of the safety belts
will be limited.<
Technology Repairs
Before installing any child restraint
device or child seat, please read
the following:
Never install a rearward-facing child
restraint system in the passenger seat
of this car.
If the airbag deploys and hits the backrest of the rear-facing child seat (of the
kind designed for infants under 1 year
and 20 lbs./9 kg), it is likely that the
child sitting in the rear-facing child seat
will be seriously injured or killed.
If it is necessary for a child (not an infant) to ride in the car, certain precautions should be taken. First, move the
passenger seat as far away from the
dashboard as possible. This important
precaution is intended to maximize the
distance between the airbag and the
child. Older children should be tightly
secured with the safety belt. Younger
children should be secured in an appropriate forward-facing child restraint
system that has first been properly secured with a safety belt.
57n
Data
This is the correct way for a larger child
to sit wearing the safety belt when side
airbags (arrow) are provided.
Child restraint systems*
Index
367de360
Airbags
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
58nChild
restraint systems*
Extract the entire length of the belt from
the inertia reel mechanism. Allow the
reel to retract the belt somewhat and
engage the buckle, then tighten the belt
against the child restraint system. The
retraction mechanism is now locked.
The belt cannot be retracted further.
Comply with the installation instructions
provided by the manufacturer of the
child restraint system.
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To lock the belt
Z3 coupe
Child restraint installation
To release the belt
Z3 coupe, M coupe
The safety belt on the passenger side
can be locked for mounting and securing child restraint systems.
Release the buckle, remove the child
restraint system and allow the inertia
reel to retract the belt completely.
For the use of child restraint systems
with a tether strap, an additional mounting point is provided in the coupe at the
right rear on the roof frame. Attach the
tether strap hook to the mounting point.
Adjust the tether strap according to the
child restraint manufacturer's instructions.
A label with operating instructions is
attached to the belt next to the sliding
latch plate.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Steering/Ignition lock
An acoustic warning sounds when you
fail to remove the ignition key after
opening the driver's door.
After removing the key, turn the steering wheel slightly to the left or right until
you hear the lock engage.
All electrical equipment and accessories are available for use.
3 Starting the engine
Vehicles with manual transmission:
When starting, depress the clutch,
since a lock otherwise prevents the
engine from being started.
Controls
Car care
2 Ignition on
Technology Repairs
This is the only position in which the
ignition key can be inserted and removed.
To turn the key back to position 0 or to
remove it, first move the selector lever
to position "P."
You will often find that it is easier to turn
the ignition key from position 0 to 1 if
you move the steering wheel slightly to
help disengage the detent.
Individual electrical equipment and
accessories are available for use.
Data
0 Steering lock engaged
Furthermore, the selector lever is
locked in position "P" when the ignition
key is in position 0 or removed from the
ignition switch.
1 Steering lock disengaged
Index
367de009
Vehicles with automatic transmission *:
Your vehicle is equipped with an interlock. This means that the ignition key
can not be turned to position 0 and removed until the selector lever is in position "P."
Overview
59n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
60nStarting
the engine
Before starting
Starting the engine
> Engage the parking brake.
> Be sure that the transmission selector is in "Neutral" (or "Park" if vehicle
is equipped with automatic transmission).
> Depress the clutch pedal.
> Start the engine. Do not press the
accelerator pedal.
Do not run the engine in enclosed
spaces. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, an odorless and
colorless, but highly toxic gas. Breathing the exhaust gases poses an extreme health risk, and can lead to unconsciousness and death.
Do not leave the car unattended with
the engine running. An unattended
vehicle with a running engine represents a potential safety hazard.<
Do not actuate the starter for too
short a time. Do not turn it for
more than approx. 20 seconds. Release
the ignition key immediately after the
engine starts. Do not allow the engine
to warm up by allowing it to run while
the vehicle remains stationary. Instead,
begin driving immediately at a moderate engine speed.<
Should the engine fail to start on the
first attempt (if it is very hot or cold, for
instance):
> Press the accelerator pedal halfway
down while engaging the starter.
Cold starts at very low temperatures,
from approx. +5 7 (–15 6) and at
altitudes above approx. 3,300 ft
(1,000 meters):
If these temperature conditions are anticipated for a longer period, have the
engine oil changed to a special oil (see
page 126). Please contact your BMW
center for additional information.
Usually, it is not necessary to depress
the accelerator pedal. However, at high
altitudes or in very hot or very cold
weather, depress the pedal halfway
down when starting the engine.
Engine idle speed is controlled by the
engine computer system. Increased
speeds at start-up are normal and
should decrease as the engine warms
up. If engine speed does not decrease,
service is required.
To prevent the battery from discharging, always switch off any accessories
which are not required. Switch off the
ignition when the vehicle is not being
driven.
> On the first start attempt, engage the
starter for a longer period (approx.
10 seconds).
> Press the accelerator pedal halfway
down while engaging the starter.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
The lock engages automatically when
you lift the lever, and the indicator lamp
in the instrument panel comes on when
the ignition key is in position 2. Refer to
page 23.
To release
Pull up slightly on the lever, press the
button and lower the lever.
The parking brake is designed primarily
to prevent the vehicle from rolling when
parked. It operates against the rear
wheels.
To avoid corrosion, apply the parking
brake lightly from time to time when
coasting to a standstill (at a traffic signal, for instance), provided that it is safe
to do so.
Overview
Controls
Car care
To engage
If, in exceptional circumstances,
it should be necessary to engage
the parking brake while the vehicle is
in motion, do not pull it with excessive
pressure. Keep your thumb pressed
against the release button while carefully pulling up the lever to apply moderate pressure. Excessive pressure can
lead to overbraking and loss of traction
(fishtailing) at the rear.
The brake lamps do not come on when
the parking brake is engaged.
Vehicles with manual transmission:
Always engage the parking brake when
parking on slopes and inclined surfaces, since placing the lever in 1st
gear or reverse may not provide adequate resistance to rolling.
Vehicles with automatic transmission:
Place the selector lever in "Park."<
Technology Repairs
Never withdraw the ignition key
while the vehicle is rolling. The
steering locks and it is impossible to
steer the vehicle.
Always remove the ignition key and engage the steering lock before leaving
the vehicle.
Vehicles with manual transmission:
Always engage the parking brake when
parking on slopes and inclined surfaces, since placing the lever in 1st
gear or reverse may not provide adequate resistance to rolling.
Vehicles with automatic transmission:
Place the selector lever in "Park."<
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Turn the ignition key to position 1 or 0.
61n
Data
Parking brake
Index
Switching off the engine
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
62nManual
transmission
Reverse
367de353
Select reverse only when the vehicle is
stationary. Press the shift lever to the
left to overcome the resistance.
As you do this, the backup lamps will
turn on automatically when the ignition
key is in position 2.
Do not hold the vehicle in place on
slopes by slipping or "riding" the
clutch. Use the parking brake instead. A
slipping clutch increases clutch wear.<
The shift lever's neutral plane is located
between 3rd and 4th gear.
When shifting from each gear into
"Neutral," the shift lever returns automatically to this neutral position because of its spring loading.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Automatic transmission*
Shift programs
Press the switches:
> E (Economy)
> M (Manual)
Selector lever in position 3:
> S (Sport Program)
Starting the engine
The engine can only be started in positions "P" or "N."
Before exiting the vehicle when
the engine is running, place the
selector lever in the "Park" or "Neutral"
position and apply the parking brake. If
you do not, the vehicle can move.
Do not leave the car unattended with
the engine running. An unattended vehicle with a running engine represents a
potential safety hazard. If you should
accidentally select "Neutral" while traveling at high speed, remove your foot
from the accelerator pedal immediately.
Allow the engine speed to drop to idle
before selecting the desired drive position. Damage could otherwise occur
due to excessive engine speed.<
Controls
Car care
PRND321
Technology Repairs
Selector lever positions
While the vehicle is stationary and
before shifting out of "Park" or
"Neutral," depress the footbrake in
order to disengage the selector lever's
lock mechanism (Shiftlock).
Hold the footbrake down until starting
off. The vehicle will otherwise "creep"
when a drive position is engaged.<
Data
For details concerning ATC, please refer
to the chapter describing "Advanced
technology" on page 176.
A detent prevents inadvertent shifts to
the "Reverse" or "Park" selector lever
positions. To disengage the detent,
press the button on the front side of the
shift knob (arrow in the illustration on
the left).
367us648
The automatic transmission of your
BMW is equipped with an Adaptive
Transmission Control (ATC). This system reacts with precision to your individual driving style and the current driving conditions. Different shift programs
are utilized to achieve this.
Range selection
Index
Adaptive Transmission Control
ATC* (Z3 roadster 2.3, 2.8,
Z3 coupe)
Overview
63n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
64nAutomatic
transmission*
P – Park
Select "Park" only when the vehicle is
stationary. The transmission locks to
prevent the rear wheels from turning.
R – Reverse
Select "Reverse" only when the vehicle
is stationary.
N – Neutral
Select "Neutral" only if your journey is
interrupted for a longer period.
D – Drive (automatic shift
program)
This position is designed for driving
under all normal operating conditions.
All forward gears are available; the
ATC* is fully operational.
3 – Sport Program
This program is designed for performance-oriented driving. It employs delayed shift points for full utilization of
the vehicle power reserves.
2 and 1 – Mountain ascents and
engine braking
Electronic transmission control
module
Select these ranges to prevent undesIf the indicator lamp comes on,
ired shifts and use the engine braking
there is a malfunction in the
effect to maximum advantage on mountransmission system.
tain roads or extended uphill and down- Bring the vehicle to a stop, select transhill stretches. The transmission shifts
mission position "Park," set the parking
up only as far as the selected gear.
brake and turn the engine off (ignition
key to position 0). Wait a few seconds,
Kickdown (automatic downshift)
then start the engine.
In the "Kickdown" mode, you achieve
If the indicator lamp goes out again after
the maximum engine performance in
a few seconds, normal transmission
position "D."
performance has been restored. ConPress the accelerator pedal past the
tinue to drive normally.
increased resistance point at the fullIf the indicator lamp does not go out, all
throttle position.
selector lever positions can still be selected. However, the vehicle has limited
E – Economy
performance in the forward drive posiFor economical driving. This is the initial tions because the transmission utilizes
position whenever the engine is started. only 3rd gear (position 1 or 2) or 4th
gear (position 3 or "D").
M – Manual program
This program is for driving conditions
under which the selected gear is to be
retained. The transmission then remains in this gear both when starting off
and during acceleration. With this program, you drive only in 4th gear when in
position "D."
In this situation, avoid severe loads and
take the car to the nearest BMW center
without delay.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Turn signals/High beams
To signal briefly
Do not perform service operations
in the engine compartment with a
drive position engaged. If you do so,
the vehicle could move.<
1 High beam (blue indicator)
Car care
367us024
For towing and jump-starting, refer to
pages 170 and 172.
Controls
Press the lever up to but not beyond
the detent. It then returns to the center
position when released.
Overview
65n
If the indicator lamp and the clicking
from the relay are both faster than normal, one of the turn indicators has
failed.
Data
3 Turn signal indicator (green indicator
lamp and rhythmic clicking of the
blinker relay)
Technology Repairs
2 Headlamp flasher (blue indicator)
Index
Automatic transmission*
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
system
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66nWiper/Washer
Windshield
0 Wipers retracted
1 Intermittent wipe
0 Wipers retracted
3 Fast wiper speed
The wipers are partially hidden behind
the hood. To bring the wipers up into
their vertical position (important when
changing the blades, or folding up
when frost is expected):
Switch on the wipers and switch off the
ignition when the wipers are approximately vertical.
When the vehicle is stationary, the system does not switch to a lower wiper
speed.
Fold the wipers down onto the
windshield before turning on the
ignition key. Failure to do this could result in damage to the wiper/washer system and hood.<
2 Normal wipe
1 Intermittent wipe
3 Fast wipe
The length of the interval is varied automatically according to the car's actual
road speed.
4 Brief wipe
5 Automatic window washer
Rear window –
Z3 coupe, M coupe only
6 Intermittent wipe/
Automatic window washer
4 Brief wipe
The wipers move once across the windshield.
5 Automatic windshield washer
The system sprays washer fluid against
the windshield and activates the wipers
for a brief period.
If you only pull the lever briefly, the system sprays washer fluid onto the windshield without activating the wipers.
2 Normal wiper speed
The wipers automatically revert to intermittent operation when the vehicle is
stationary.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Overview
To activate
Press the button, the indicator lamp
comes on.
Controls
Do not use the washers if there is
any danger that the fluid will freeze
on the windshield, otherwise vision
could be obscured. For this reason, use
an antifreeze agent. Refer to page 124.
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Do not use the washers when the reservoir is empty, otherwise damage to the
washer pump could result.<
The Z3 coupe (illustration) and M coupe
both have a rear window defroster.
Depending on the vehicle model, the
Windshield washer jets
arrangement and appearance of the
The windshield washer jets are heated
automatically* when the ignition key is switches may vary. Please refer to the
individual symbol for selecting the
in position 2.
desired function.
Car care
To change the wiper blades, refer to
page 146.
If the headlamps are on, they will also
be cleaned every fifth time you activate
the automatic windshield washer.
Technology Repairs
Press and hold the lever:
The system sprays washer fluid against
the rear window and activates the
wiper. After the lever is released, the
wiper continues to cycle for a few seconds.
Headlamp washers*
To deactivate
Press the button if the indicator lamp is
on.
M coupe: Activation duration:
8 minutes maximum.<
Data
Press the lever briefly:
The intermittent setting of the rear window wiper is switched on or off.
67n
367de367
6 Intermittent wipe/
Automatic rear window washer
Rear window defroster
Index
Wiper/Washer system
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
68nCruise
control*
365us059
Hold the lever in position 1:
The vehicle accelerates without pressure on the accelerator pedal. When
you release the lever, the system memorizes and maintains the current speed.
You can store and automatically maintain any desired vehicle speed above
approx. 25 mph (40 km/h).
The system is switched off and the
stored speed deleted from its memory
when you turn the ignition key to position 0.
To store and maintain speed/
to accelerate
Press the lever briefly in direction 1:
The system records and maintains the
current vehicle speed. Every time you
briefly press the lever, the speed increases by approx. 0.6 mph (1 km/h).
If, on a downhill gradient, the
engine braking effect is not sufficient, the controlled speed can be
exceeded. Speed can drop on uphill
grades if the engine output is insufficient.<
To decelerate
Press the lever briefly in direction 2:
If you are already driving with active
cruise control, the speed is decreased
by approx. 0.6 mph (1 km/h) every time
you briefly touch the lever.
Hold the lever in position 2:
With the cruise control active, the system automatically reduces the throttle
opening to slow the vehicle. When you
release the lever, the system memorizes and maintains the current speed.
To cancel
Press the lever briefly in direction 4:
The cruise control is deactivated immediately.
In addition, the system is also automatically deactivated in response to the following conditions:
> When you apply the brakes
> When you depress the clutch or move
the automatic transmission selector
lever from "D" to "N"
> If you exceed or fall below the programmed speed for an extended period (by depressing the accelerator,
for example).
Do not use cruise control on twisting roads, when high traffic density prevents driving at a constant
speed, when the road surface is slick
(snow, rain, ice), or when the road surface is loose (rocks or gravel, sand).<
Activate stored setting (resume)
Press the lever briefly in direction 3:
The vehicle accelerates to and maintains the last speed stored.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Tachometer
Fuel gauge
69n
To reset the trip odometer to zero,
press the button (arrow) with the ignition key in position 1 and up.
Controls
To protect the engine, the Engine Management system automatically interrupts the fuel supply in this range; you
will notice a loss of power.
Once the indicator lamp stays on continuously, there are still approx. 2.1 gallons (8 liters) of fuel in the fuel tank.
Tank capacity: Page 185.
If the tilt of the vehicle varies (extended
driving in mountainous areas, for
example), the needle may fluctuate
slightly.
Please refuel early, since driving
to the last drop of fuel can result in
damage to the engine and/or catalytic
converter.<
Car care
367us006
When you switch on the ignition, the
indicator lamp comes on briefly to confirm that the system is operational.
Technology Repairs
2 Trip odometer
Never allow the engine to operate with
the needle in the red overspeed sector
of the gauge.
Data
You can activate the displays shown in
the illustration with the ignition key in
position 0 by pressing the button in the
instrument cluster (arrow).
Index
1 Odometer
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Overview
Odometer
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
70nTemperature
gauge
Service Interval Display
Between the blue and red zones
Checking coolant level: Page 128.
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Normal operating range. It is not unusual for the needle to rise as far as the
edge of the red zone in response to
high outside temperatures or severe
operating conditions.
Blue
Green lamps
The engine is still cold. Drive at moderate engine and vehicle speeds.
The number of illuminated lamps decreases as the time for your next maintenance visit approaches.
Red
When you switch on the ignition, the
warning lamp comes on briefly to confirm that the system is operational.
Yellow lamp
Comes on while driving: The engine is
overheated. Switch off the engine immediately and allow it to cool down.
This alerts you that maintenance is due.
Please arrange for an appointment with
your BMW center.
This field appears together with
OILSERVICE or INSPECTION.
Red lamp
Maintenance is overdue.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Auxiliary instruments, M roadster, M coupe
Controls
Analog clock
Under normal operating conditions, the
temperature of the engine oil is between 175 7 and 250 7 (80 6 and
120 6). During performance-oriented
driving, do not exceed the maximum
temperature of 265 7 (130 6).
To adjust the time on the clock, simulta- The display is provided at ignition key
neously press and turn the button in the position 1 and above.
center.
Index
Until the oil temperature reaches
140 7 (60 6), do not exceed an
engine speed of 4,000 RPM.
Voltmeter
Data
Motor oil temperature
Car care
M roadster, M coupe
Technology Repairs
M roadster, M coupe
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M roadster, M coupe
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Overview
71n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
72nDigital
clock, Z3 coupe
Analog clock, Z3 roadster
To correct the time:
Depending on the correction, press the
key for hours or the
key for
minutes.
If you press the
and
keys simultaneously, the display converts from
the 12-hour mode to the 24-hour mode.
Z3 coupe
The display is provided at ignition key
position 1 and above. In ignition key
position 0 and when the vehicle lighting
is off, the display is not illuminated.
After a power loss, 0:00 appears in the
display.
Time entries are made with the
for setting the hour and with the
key for setting the minutes.
When you select the 12-hour mode, AM
or PM will appear to the right of the
time.
367de380
367us080
Switching the time display into the
12 or 24-hour mode:
Z3 roadster
You can correct the time by pressing
the buttons (arrows) with a sharp object
such as a ball-point pen.
Set the clock forward by pressing the
right button; set the clock back by
pressing the left button.
key
Each time a key is pressed, the display
is increased by one. Holding down the
key starts the rapid advance. The time
begins to run exactly on the second
each time
is pressed.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Onboard computer*
In addition, you can change the time by
pressing the
key.
With the
key, the calculations for
average fuel consumption and speed
are reset and begin again.
The illustration depicts the onboard computer of the Z3 coupe
as an example. The onboard computer
of the Z3 roadster has minor differences in appearance.<
Enter the minutes in the same manner
as the hours.
Press the save key
: The time is
started exactly on the second. The two
dots stop flashing.
To reset the time
Time
The display is provided at ignition key
position 1 and above. In ignition key
position 0, the time is displayed for
approx. 8 seconds by pressing the
key.
Following a power loss, the clock automatically switches to the setting mode:
The colon flashes. Two dashes are displayed for entering the hour.
Press and hold the
key for approx.
3 seconds: Enter the hour when the colon begins to flash.
Enter the numbers by pressing the
key in the same manner as when entering the time.
Controls
Car care
Z3 coupe
Confirm the time set with the
key.
Now enter the minutes when two zeros
appear.
Data
You can call up the onboard computer
data in the display from ignition switch
position 1 with the turn indicator lever.
Press the button briefly to select the
next display mode.
Enter the hour first. Each time the key is
pressed, the hour display increases by
one. Pressing and holding the key
starts the rapid advance.
Index
Mode selection
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367us041
Enter the numbers for hours and minutes by pressing the
key.
Technology Repairs
To enter the time
Overview
73n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
74nOnboard
computer*
Setting the 12-hour or 24-hour
mode
The ice warning does not alter the
fact that surface ice can form at
temperatures above +37.5 7 (+3 6),
on bridges or shaded road surfaces, for
instance.<
Then press the
key. Now, the mode
changes from 12 to 24 hours whenever
you press the
key.
When you select the 12-hour mode,
AM or PM will appear on the right-hand
side of the display panel.
The last mode selected is adopted
when you press
or automatically
stored approx. 5 seconds after the last
setting.
367us042
Press and hold the
keys simultaneously for approx. 1 second.
Z3 coupe
Outside temperature
If the outside temperature drops to
approx. +37.5 7 (+3 6), a warning
signal sounds (ice warning). The temperature display appears automatically
and flashes for 8 seconds.
The warning is repeated whenever the
temperature climbs to at least +43 7
(+6 6) and then drops to +37.5 7
(+3 6) again.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Onboard computer*
Controls
Average fuel consumption
Estimated cruising range
Average speed
The computation is made when the engine is running. Periods when the vehicle is parked and the engine is not running are not included.
The computer bases its calculations of
the cruising range on the rate of fuel
consumption in the period immediately
preceding your data request.
Periods when the vehicle is parked and
the engine is not running are not included in the computation.
New computation:
When this function has been activated
and you press the
key, the fuel
consumption is recalculated from that
point in time.
When three dashes flash in the display,
the cruising range is below 9 miles
(15 km). You should refuel as soon as
possible.
Data
If the vehicle has been parked at
an angle, the cruising range cannot be displayed accurately. The display will be corrected while the vehicle
is moving.<
New computation:
When this function has been activated
and you press the
key, the average
speed is recalculated from that point in
time.
Index
Refueling is registered by the onboard
computer with the ignition key in position 1 or higher.
At speeds below 100 mph (100 km/h),
the display includes decimals.
Car care
Z3 coupe
Technology Repairs
Z3 coupe
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Z3 coupe
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Overview
75n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
76nASC+T/DSC*
This system helps provide additional
dynamic stability, particularly when
accelerating and cornering.
The DSC enhances the benefits of the
ASC+T. In addition to optimizing vehicle stability and traction during acceleration or when starting from a standstill,
a further benefit is realized in cornering.
This, of course, is true only within
physically feasible limits.
The system activates automatically
each time you start the engine.
Indicator lamp
The indicator lamp in the instrument cluster goes out shortly
after you switch on the ignition.
Refer to page 24.
Indicator lamp flashes:
The system is actively regulating drive
torque in response to monitored vehicle
operating conditions.
If the indicator lamp fails to go out after
the engine is started, or comes on during the course of normal vehicle operation:
There is a system fault or the system
has been switched off. The vehicle remains operational, but without ASC+T/
DSC.
For repairs, please consult your BMW
center.
367de701
Automatic Stability Control plus
Traction (ASC+T)/Dynamic
Stability Control (DSC)*
Z3 roadster
To deactivate the system
Press the switch (arrow) – the indicator
lamp comes on and stays on.
Depending on equipment options, the
button is marked with ASC or DSC.
The illustration depicts the button
for the Z3 roadster. Depending on
the vehicle model, the arrangement and
appearance of the button may vary.
Please refer to the specific switch symbols for selecting the desired function.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Parking lamps/Low beam
For additional details concerning
ASC+T/DSC, please refer to the chapter titled "Advanced technology" on
page 177.
Parking lamps (position lamps/
side marker lamps)
Position 1
With the switch in this position,
vehicle lighting on both sides is on.
Low beam headlamps
Position 2
When you switch the ignition off
while the low beams are still on,
only the parking lamps (position lamps/
side marker lamps) remain on.
Instrument panel lighting
With the lamp switch in the "On" position, turn the switch to adjust the illumination intensity.
Overview
Controls
The headlamps are automatically
switched on for daylight driving at ignition key position 2.
Technology Repairs
Not even ASC+T/DSC can suspend the normal laws of physics.
A driving style that is appropriate for the
conditions is always the responsibility
of the driver. For this reason, do not
take risks, using the additional safety
margin provided by the system as an
excuse.<
Daytime running lamps*
Data
Press the button again; the indicator
lamp goes out.
367us021
To reactivate the system
When you open the driver's door after
turning the ignition key to position 0,
a warning signal sounds for a few seconds to remind you that the headlamps
have not been switched off.
Car care
"LIGHTS ON" warning
In the following exceptional circumstances, we recommend that you deactivate the ASC+T/DSC system:
> When "rocking" the vehicle to free it
or when starting from a full stop in
deep snow or on loose surfaces
> or when driving with snow chains.
Refer also to page 105.
77n
Index
ASC+T/DSC*
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Front fog lamps*
A green indicator lamp appears
in the instrument cluster to
indicate that the front fog lamps
are on.
Z3 roadster, M roadster
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Interior lamps
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lamps
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78nFog
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Z3 roadster, M roadster
Z3 coupe, M coupe – front
1 Continuously off
1 Continuously on
2 Automatically controlled
2 Continuously off
3 Continuously on
3 Automatically controlled
It is not possible to switch on the front
fog lamps together with the high
beams.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Reading lamps
79n
Controls
2 Continuously off
1 Continuously on
3 Automatically controlled
2 Continuously off
3 Automatically controlled
In order to conserve the battery,
all of the lamps in the vehicle are
switched off automatically about
15 minutes after the ignition key is
turned to position 0.<
Car care
The Z3 coupe and M coupe have reading lamps:
Technology Repairs
1 Continuously on
Data
Z3 coupe, M coupe – rear
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Index
Z3 coupe, M coupe
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367de626
Overview
Interior lamps
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
and ventilation
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80nHeating
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
4 Air distribution onto the
> windows
> upper body
> footwell
All intermediate positions are
possible 82
5 Temperature 82
6 Air supply
The heating and ventilation are operational beginning with position 1 82
Overview
Controls
Car care
3 Front footwell ventilation
Technology Repairs
2 Air flow toward upper body
The rotary dials allow infinitely-variable regulation of the air supply. You
can change the airflow direction with
the lever in the center of the vent or
by rotating the vent grille 82
Data
1 Air flow toward the windshield and
side windows
81n
Index
Heating and ventilation
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
82nHeating
and ventilation
Temperature
Draft-free ventilation
In order to increase the temper- The outlets for the occupants' upper
ature of the passenger compart- body area can be adjusted to suit your
ment, turn to the right (red). For personal preferences:
rapid heating, turn completely to the
Use the rotary dial (2) to open and close
right. Then select an interior temperathe vent throughout an infinitely-variture which is comfortable for you.
able range. With the levers (1), you can
Air supply
You can select blower speeds
from 1 to 4. Both heating and
ventilation become more effective as the air flow rate is increased. In
position 0, the blower and the heater
are switched off.
direct the air flow to the side. Adjust the
air flow up or down by rotating the vent
grill.
Set the outlets so that the air flows past
you and is not directed straight at you.
367de226
You can direct the flow of air
onto the windows
, toward
the upper body
and into the
footwell
. Any intermediate setting is
possible. In this position
, a small
volume of air is directed onto the windows in order to keep them free of condensation.
A "6 o'clock" position is recommended
as the normal operating setting.
367de224
Air distribution
Rapid ventilation
1 Set the blower speed control for the
air flow rate to position 4.
2 Turn the rotary temperature control
completely to the left (blue). Then select an interior temperature which is
pleasant for you.
3 Rotary control for air distribution in
position
.
4 Open the outlets for the upper body
area.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Heating and ventilation
Controls
This setting is recommended if the win- side windows
1 Set the blower speed control for the
dows are free of ice or condensation:
air flow rate to position 4.
1 Set the blower speed control for the
2 Turn the rotary temperature control
air flow rate to position 2.
completely to the right (red).
2 Use the rotary temperature control to
3 Rotary control for air distribution in
select an interior temperature which
position
.
is comfortable for you.
4
To
defrost
the
rear window on the
3 Rotary control for air distribution in
coupe, switch on the rear window
position
.
defroster.
To defrost the windshield and
Car care
Heating
1 Set the blower speed control for the
air flow rate to position 3.
2 Turn the rotary temperature control
completely to the right (red). Then select an interior temperature which is
pleasant for you.
3 Rotary dial for air distribution in position
.
Index
Data
Rapid heat-up
Technology Repairs
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367de227
367de228
Overview
83n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
and ventilation/Air conditioning*
367de683
84nHeating
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
4 Air distribution onto the
> windows
> upper body
> footwell
All intermediate positions are
possible 86
5 Temperature 86
6 Air supply
The heating and ventilation are operational beginning with position 1 86
7 Air conditioning 86
8 Recirculated air mode 86
Overview
Controls
Car care
3 Front footwell ventilation
Technology Repairs
2 Air flow toward upper body
The rotary dials allow infinitely-variable regulation of the air supply. You
can change the airflow direction with
the lever in the center of the vent or
by rotating the vent grille 87
Data
1 Air flow toward the windshield and
side windows
85n
Index
Heating and ventilation/Air conditioning*
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
86nHeating
and ventilation/Air conditioning*
Air distribution
Depending on the vehicle model,
the arrangement and appearance
of the switches may vary. Please refer
to the specific switch symbols for selecting the desired function.<
You can direct the flow of air
onto the windows
, toward
the upper body
and into the
footwell
. Any intermediate setting is
possible. In this position
, a small
volume of air is directed onto the windows in order to keep them free of condensation.
A "6 o'clock" position is recommended
as the normal operating setting.
Air conditioning
You can select blower speeds
from 1 to 4. Both heating and
ventilation become more effective as the air flow rate is increased. In
position 0, the blower and the heater
are switched off.
Condensation forms in the air
conditioner system during operation, which then exits under the vehicle.
Traces of condensed water of this kind
are thus normal.<
The air is cooled and dehumidified and – depending on the
temperature setting – warmed
again when the air conditioner system
is switched on. Depending on the
weather, the windshield may fog over
Temperature
In order to increase the temper- briefly when the engine is started.
ature of the passenger compart- At outside temperatures below approx.
ment, turn to the right (red). For 41 7 (+5 6), switch off the air conditioning. This will help to prevent the
rapid heating, turn completely to the
windows from fogging up.
right. Then select an interior temperaIf the windows fog over after switching
ture which is comfortable for you.
the air conditioning off, switch it back
on.
Air supply
Recirculated air mode
If there are unpleasant odors in
the outside air, you can temporarily block the flow of air. The
system then recirculates the air currently within the vehicle.
If the windows fog over in the
recirculated air mode, switch this
mode off and increase the air supply as
required.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Heating and ventilation/Air conditioning*
Set the outlets so that the air flows past
you and is not directed straight at you.
Rapid ventilation
1 Set the blower speed control for the
air flow rate to position 4.
2 Switch on the air conditioning *.
3 Turn the rotary temperature control
completely to the left (blue). Then
select an interior temperature which
is pleasant for you.
4 Rotary control for air distribution in
position
.
5 Open the outlets for the upper body
area.
Controls
1 Set the blower speed control for the
air flow rate to position 2.
2 Switch on the air conditioning *.
3 Use the rotary temperature control to
select an interior temperature which
is comfortable for you.
4 Rotary control for air distribution in
position
.
5 Open the outlets for the upper body
area.
Car care
367de230
Cooling
Technology Repairs
Use the rotary dial (2) to open and close
the vent throughout an infinitely-variable range. With the levers (1) you can
direct the air flow to the side, and up or
down by rotating the vent grill.
The illustration depicts the
switches of the Z3 coupe an
example. Depending on the vehicle
model, the arrangement and appearance of the switches may vary. Please
refer to the specific symbols for switch
functions.<
Z3 coupe
Data
The outlets for the occupants' upper
body area can be adjusted to suit your
personal preferences:
Z3 coupe
Index
Draft-free ventilation
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Overview
87n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Heating
Z3 coupe
Rapid heat-up
This setting is recommended if the win- 1 Set the blower speed control for the
dows are free of ice or condensation:
air flow rate to position 3.
2 Turn the rotary temperature control
1 Set the blower speed control for the
completely to the right (red). Then
air flow rate to position 2.
select an interior temperature which
2 Use the rotary temperature control to
is pleasant for you.
select an interior temperature which
3 Rotary dial for air distribution in posiis comfortable for you.
tion
.
3 Rotary control for air distribution in
position
.
367de234
Z3 coupe
367de233
and ventilation/Air conditioning*
367de232
88nHeating
Z3 coupe
To defrost the windshield and
side windows
1 Set the blower speed control for the
air flow rate to position 4.
2 Turn the rotary temperature control
completely to the right (red).
3 Rotary control for air distribution in
position
.
4 To defrost the rear window on the
coupe, switch on the rear window
defroster.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Seat heating*
The seat cushion and backrest can be
heated at ignition key position 2.
To switch over while heating:
Press the section of the switch
that is dimly lit.
To switch off early: Press the section of
the switch that is brightly lit.
Controls
Car care
The illustration depicts the
switches of the Z3 roadster as an
example. Depending on the vehicle
model, the arrangement and appearance of the switches may vary. Please
refer to the specific switch symbols for
the desired function.<
Heating as long as the switch
comes on brightly. Heating
switches off automatically.
Technology Repairs
Z3 roadster
Data
367de364
Rapid heat-up as long as the
switch comes on brightly. Automatic changeover to regular
heating.
Index
Press the switches with the heating
symbols:
Overview
89n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
To open
Pull the handle and push down the
door.
To close
Push the door up.
To prevent injury in the event of
an accident, close the glove compartment immediately after use.<
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Storage boxes*
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Additional storage areas
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compartment
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90nGlove
Z3 roadster, M roadster
Storage compartments are located in
the center console, in the doors and, on
the Z3 coupe and M coupe, between
the backrests (refer to the illustration).
The Z3 roadster and M roadster have
locking storage boxes*:
A coin box* is located in the door
pocket on the driver's side.
Press button 1 to open the box.
A storage net is mounted on the passenger side of the center console.
Large storage box
Small storage box
Press button 3 and lift the lid of the box.
Both of the storage boxes can be
locked with the master keys (refer to
page 34) at lock 2.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Ashtray*
91n
Controls
Car care
367de308
Press down on the left of the lid (arrow). Open the lid and press down (arrow):
The ashtray insert pops up and can be
To extinguish a cigarette, tap off the
removed.
ash and gently press the tip into the
funnel.
Technology Repairs
In the M roadster and M coupe, the
coin box is located in the door pocket
on the driver's side.
To empty
Data
You will find a coin box* in front of the
beverage holders.
To open
Index
The beverage holder is located in the
center console next to the parking
brake.
367de038
367us708
Overview
Beverage holder*
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92nCigarette
lighter*
Cigarette lighter socket
Z3 roadster
Press in. Remove as soon as the lighter
pops up.
Hold or touch the hot cigarette
lighter by the knob only. Holding
or touching it in other areas could result
in burns.
The cigarette lighter remains operational when the ignition key has been
removed. For this reason, children
should never be left in the car unattended.<
367de373
367de374
This socket can be used for connecting
a flashlight, car vacuum cleaner, or
other appliances up to approx.
200 watts at 12 volts. Do not damage
the socket by inserting plugs of a different shape or size.
Z3 roadster
Non-smoker's equipment
package*
On vehicles with the non-smoker's
equipment package, the socket is concealed by a cover.
For access to the socket: Lift the cover
off.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Separation net*
93n
Do not place heavy or hard objects on the roll-up cover. These
objects could endanger vehicle occupants during heavy brake applications
and evasive action or in a crash.
Do not allow the roll-up cover to snap
back when it is retracted. This could
damage it.<
Car care
Controls
Do not allow the separation net to
snap back when it is retracted. If
this is done, there is a risk of personal
injury, and the separation net could be
damaged.<
Technology Repairs
The roll-up cover can carry light items
such as articles of clothing.
Pull the separation net out by the strap.
Grasp the bar on both sides and engage it in the holders.
Data
Pull out the roll-up cover and hook it
into the holders at the rear.
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Index
Z3 coupe, M coupe
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367de628
Overview
Roll-up cover
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Z3 coupe, M coupe
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loading
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94nCargo
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Stowing cargo
Securing the load
If you are transporting cargo in your
coupe:
For securing suitcases, you can obtain
load-securing devices* from your BMW
center. The lashing eyes located in the
luggage compartment serve for mounting these load-securing devices.
> Load heavy cargo as far forward as
possible – directly behind the luggage compartment partition – and as
low as possible.
> Cover sharp edges and corners.
> Do not pile objects higher than the
top edge of the backrest.
> Pull the separation net* out (refer to
page 93). Be sure that no items are
able to penetrate the separation net.
Always position and secure the
load correctly. If you do not, it can
endanger the passengers during braking or evasive maneuvers, for example.
Do not exceed the permissible gross
weight and the permissible axle loads
(refer to page 184). If you do so, the
operating safety of the vehicle is no
longer ensured, and you are in violation
of the law.
Do not carry hard or heavy objects unsecured in the passenger compartment.
If you do so, they may be projected
through the air during braking and evasive maneuvers, for example, thus endangering vehicle occupants.<
Comply with the information enclosed
with the load-securing devices.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Make sure that the load is not too heavy,
and attempt to distribute it evenly.
Always load the heaviest pieces first
(on the bottom). Be sure that adequate
clearance is maintained for raising the
sunroof, and that objects do not project
into the opening path of the luggage
compartment lid.
Lash the roof luggage down correctly
and securely to prevent it from shifting
or being lost during driving – this would
endanger following traffic.
Overview
Controls
Car care
The roof load increases the aerodynamic resistance. Increased fuel consumption and additional stresses on the
vehicle's body result from this.
Technology Repairs
Because roof racks raise the center of
gravity of the car when loaded, they
exercise a major effect on its handling
and steering response.
You should therefore always remember
not to exceed the approved roof weight,
the approved gross vehicle weight or
the axle weights when loading the rack.
You will find the specifications for this
under "Technical Data" on page 184.
Drive smoothly and avoid sudden
acceleration or braking. Do not corner
at high speeds.
Data
A special luggage system is available
for your coupe as an optional accessory. Please comply with the precautions included with the installation instructions.
95n
Index
Roof-mounted luggage rack
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
96n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Laws and regulations:
Technical modifications to the
vehicle 141
OBD connector 142
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Car care
Controls and features
Owner service procedures
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Care and maintenance:
The BMW Maintenance
System 131
Caring for your car 132
Airbags 139
Storing your vehicle 140
Overview
Technical data
Data
Wheels and tires:
Notes on inflation pressure 110
Tire condition 110
Tire replacement 111
Tire rotation 113
Wheel and tire
combinations 113
Winter tires 115
Snow chains 115
Approved wheel and tire
specifications 116
In the engine compartment:
Hood 119
Engine compartment 120
Fluids for the washer
systems 124
Washer nozzles 124
Engine oil 125
Coolant 128
Brake fluid 130
Vehicle Identification 130
Index
Index
Special operating instructions:
Break-in procedure 98
Driving notes 99
Catalytic converter 100
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) 101
Disc brakes 103
Brake system 104
Winter operation 105
Power steering 106
Cellular phone 107
Radio reception 107
Hardtop – roadster 108
Overview
97n
Car care
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
98nBreak-in
procedure
To ensure that your vehicle provides
maximum economy throughout a long
service life, we request that you observe the following:
Engine and differential
Up to 1,200 miles (2,000 km):
Drive with varying engine and road
speeds, but do not exceed 4,500 RPM
or 100 mph (150 km/h).
Comply with local and state maximum
speed limits.
Refrain from using full throttle and avoid
pressing the accelerator beyond the
kickdown point.
After you have driven 1,200 miles
(2,000 km), you can gradually increase
the engine and road speeds.
You should also comply with these
break-in procedures if the engine or differential is replaced later in the course
of the vehicle's service life.
Tires
Brake system
Due to technical factors associated with
their manufacture, tires do not achieve
their full traction potential until an initial
break-in period has elapsed. You should
therefore drive with extra caution during
the initial 200 miles (300 km).
Approximately 300 miles (500 km) must
elapse before the brake pads and rotors achieve the optimal surface and
wear pattern.
Comply with local and state maximum
speed limits.
When the vehicle is operated on
wet or slushy roads, a wedge of
water may form between the tire and
the road surface. This phenomenon is
referred to as aquaplaning or hydroplaning, and can lead to partial or complete loss of traction, vehicle control
and braking effectiveness. Reduce
your speed on wet roads.<
To break in the separate parking brake
drums, apply the parking brake lightly
when coasting to a standstill (at a traffic
signal, for instance), provided that traffic conditions allow you to do so.
To avoid corrosion, repeat this procedure from time to time.
The brake lamps do not light up
when the parking brake is applied.
Vacuum for the brake system booster
on your BMW is available only when the
engine is running. When you move the
car with the engine off – for instance, by
towing – substantially higher levels of
pedal force will be required to brake the
vehicle.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Driving notes
Overview
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
Data
Driving through water:
When there is water on the roads, do
not drive in it if it is deeper than 1 foot
(30 cm). If the water is at that depth,
drive only at walking speed, otherwise
the vehicle can sustain damage to the
engine, the electrical systems and the
transmission.
Clothes hook (coupe):
Hang items of clothing on the hooks in
such a manner that they do not obstruct
the driver's vision. Do not hang heavy
objects on the hooks. If you do so, they
could cause personal injury during
braking and evasive maneuvers or in a
crash, for example.<
Index
Brakes:
Do not drive with your foot resting
on the brake pedal. Even light but consistent pedal pressure can lead to high
temperatures, brake wear and possibly
even brake failure.
Aquaplaning:
When driving on wet or slushy roads,
reduce vehicle speed. If you do not, a
wedge of water may form between the
tires and the road surface. This phenomenon is referred to as aquaplaning
or hydroplaning. It is characterized by a
partial or complete loss of contact between the tires and the road surface.
The ultimate results are loss of steering
and braking control.
99n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
100nCatalytic
converter
The catalytic converter reduces harmful
exhaust emissions.
It is designed for use with unleaded fuel
only.
Even minute quantities of lead would be
enough to permanently damage both
the catalytic converter and the system's
oxygen sensor.
To ensure efficient, trouble-free engine
operation and avoid potential damage:
> Be sure to comply with the scheduled
maintenance requirements.
> Fill the fuel tank well before it is
empty.
> If the engine runs roughly, shut it off
as soon as possible.
> Tow-start the vehicle only when the
engine is cold. Tow-starting when the
engine is warm could cause unburned
fuel to ignite in the catalytic converter,
resulting in significant damage. It is
better to start the vehicle with an outside starting aid.
> Avoid any other situations in which
the fuel would not be (completely)
burned, for instance:
Frequent or consecutive extended
starting attempts or repeated starting
attempts when the engine fails to
start. (Shutting down and restarting
an engine which is running properly
does not present a problem.)
Never let the engine run with any of
the spark plug cables disconnected.
Be sure to comply with the instructions above to prevent unburned fuel from reaching the catalytic
converter. This could cause overheating, leading to serious damage of the
catalytic converter.
Extreme temperatures occur at the catalytic converter on this and every catalyst-equipped vehicle. Heat shields are
installed adjacent to some sections of
the exhaust system. Never remove
these shields; do not apply undercoating to their surfaces.
When driving, standing while the engine
is idling, or when parking, be careful to
avoid contact between the hot exhaust
system and easily-flammable materials
(hay, dry grass, leaves, etc.). Such contact could cause a fire, resulting in personal injuries and property damage.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
> To help provide vehicle stability.
> Assured ability to steer and maneuver
on the various road surfaces –
(asphalt, concrete, dirt, wet
conditions, snow, ice).
The system can achieve the shortest
braking distances possible under most
conditions (on straight-aways and in
curves, on asphalt, ice, wet road surfaces, etc.).
Depress the brake pedal with steady
pressure and do not release it. Do not
pump the brakes.
On road surfaces that have a loose
surface layer on a firm base with good
traction (on gravel, deep sand or snow,
for example), braking distances may be
longer than with locked wheels. This
also applies for driving with snow
chains. However, ABS continues to
provide enhanced vehicle stability and
steering response under these conditions.
Overview
If you are in a situation which requires
full braking, you will exploit the full
benefits of the ABS system if you apply
maximum brake pressure ("panic stop").
Since the vehicle maintains steering
responsiveness, you can avoid possible
obstacles with a minimum of steering
effort, despite the full brake application.
Controls
ABS is designed to meet two essential
requirements during every brake application:
The ABS closed-loop control circuit
cycles in fractions of a second. The
pulsation at the brake pedal, together
with sounds generated by the hydraulic
control system, indicate to you that the
vehicle is approaching its maximum
braking range. It is a reminder to you
that you must adapt the vehicle's road
speed to existing road conditions.
Car care
The system is operative once the vehicle exceeds a speed of approx. 6 mph
(10 km/h). It is inactivated once again
below approx. 4 mph (6 km/h). Therefore, the wheels could theoretically tend
to lock in the final phase of a braking
action, but this is insignificant in actual
practice.
Technology Repairs
Braking with ABS
ABS increases active safety by preventing the wheels from locking when braking. The reason: Locked wheels are
dangerous. When the front wheels
slide, the driver loses steering control
over the vehicle. Traction loss at the
rear wheels can cause the rear end to
break into an uncontrolled skid.
Data
The concept
101n
Index
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
102nAntilock
Brake System (ABS)
Information for your safety
In the event of a fault
Not even ABS can suspend the laws
of physics. ABS alone cannot prevent
accidents if the brakes are applied
without an adequate, safe distance
between vehicles or if the speed limit
has been exceeded in curves. Nor can
it prevent the hazards of aquaplaning.
Responsibility for these types of situations remains in the hands (and at the
feet) of the driver. You should never
allow the added safety of ABS to lull
you into a false sense of security, or
mislead you into taking increased risks
that could affect your own safety and
that of others.
If the ABS warning lamp in the
instrument cluster comes on,
refer to page 24. The brake system then reverts to conventional
operation as on vehicles without
ABS. However, have the brake
system checked by your BMW center
as soon as possible. To prevent undetected defects and cumulative faults
from adversely affecting the brake system, refer any problems to your BMW
center at the earliest opportunity.
If the red warning lamp for the
brake hydraulic system comes
on together with the yellow indicator lamps for ABS and
ASC+T/DSC* (refer to page 24),
the entire ABS and ASC+T/DSC
control system has failed. Continue to drive; drive cautiously
and defensively. Avoid full brake
applications because the vehicle could
become unstable and go out of control.
Have the system checked by your BMW
center as soon as possible.
Warning lamps for Canadian
models.
Do not make any modifications to
the ABS system.
Service procedures on ABS are to be
performed by authorized technicians
only.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Disc brakes
Do not allow the vehicle to coast
when the clutch is depressed or
The pads must exert a minimal pressure to the staggered braking technique
by shifting into neutral while moving. Do
described below on page 106.
against the rotors for the brakes to
not drive when the engine is switched
clean themselves effectively; under the Extended or steep mountain descents
off. The engine provides no braking
conditions described above, this may
do not necessarily have to lead to recontrol when the clutch is depressed or
not happen. If the brake rotors are cor- duced braking efficiency; shift down to
the transmission is in neutral and there
roded, they will tend to respond to
a gear in which only minimal periodic
is no power assist for the brakes when
braking with a pulsating effect which
brake applications are required (you can the engine is shut off.
even extended application will fail to
move the selector lever to the appropri- Never allow floor mats, carpets or any
cure.
ate lower range if your car is equipped other objects to protrude into the area
with an automatic transmission).
around the accelerator, clutch and
For your own safety: Use only
brake pedals and obstruct their moveYou can continue to increase the
brake pads that BMW has apment.<
engine's braking effect by selecting
proved for your specific vehicle model.
progressively lower gears, shifting
BMW cannot evaluate non-approved
down as far as 2nd or 1st for extreme
brake pads to determine if they are
descents, or position 1 or 2 with autosuited for use, and therefore cannot enmatic transmision.
sure the operating safety of the vehicle
in the event of their use.<
Overview
Controls
Car care
Should engine braking prove inadequate, you should still avoid extended,
continuous braking. Instead, decelerate
the vehicle with increased pressure on
the brake pedal (watch for following traffic), release the pedal and then repeat
the brake application (staggered braking). This staggered braking technique
allows the brakes to cool in the intervals
between active braking phases, preventing overheating and ensuring that
full braking capacity remains available at
all times.
Technology Repairs
While driving in wet conditions and in
heavy rain, it is a good idea to apply
light pressure to the brake pedal every
When the vehicle is driven only occasionally, during extended periods when few miles – watch traffic conditions to
the vehicle is not used at all, or in oper- ensure that this maneuver does not endanger other road users. The heat genating conditions where brake applicaerated in this braking process helps dry
tions are less frequent, there is an inthe brake pads and rotors.
creased tendency for corrosion of the
rotors and accumulation of contamina- Maximum braking force is obtained
tion on the brake pads. This occurs be- while the wheels continue to rotate,
cause the minimal pressure which must peaking when the wheels remain on the
be exerted by the pads to clean the
verge of locking without actually doing
rotors by brake applications is not
so. ABS maintains this state automatireached.
cally. If the ABS fails, you should revert
Data
Driving notes
Index
Disc brakes furnish optimum deceleration and braking control and greater
fade resistance under heavy use.
103n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
104nBrake
system
Brake fluid level
Brake pads
If the warning lamp for the hyIf the warning lamp for the brake
draulic brake system comes on:
pads comes on:
The brake fluid level is too low in
The brake pads have reached
the reservoir (refer to page 130). their minimum pad thickness. Proceed
If the brake fluid level is too low to the nearest BMW center as soon as
and brake pedal travel is notice- possible to have the pads replaced.
ably longer, there may be a defect in
one of the two hydraulic brake circuits.
For your own safety: Use only
brake pads that BMW has apProceed to the nearest BMW cen- proved for your specific vehicle model.
ter. Higher brake application pres- BMW cannot evaluate non-approved
sure may be necessary under these
brake pads to determine if they are
conditions, and brake pedal travel may suited for use, and therefore cannot ensure the operating safety of the vehicle
be significantly longer. Please rememin the event of their use.<
ber to adapt your driving style accordingly.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Winter operation
Locks
BMW door lock deicer can be used to
free the doors if they are frozen. This
deicer also contains lubricant.
After using deicer, treatment with BMW
lock cylinder grease is recommended.
Snow chains
BMW snow chains* can be mounted on
both summer and winter tires. Mount
them in pairs on the rear wheels only.
Comply with the manufacturer's safety
precautions. Do not exceed a maximum
speed of 30 mph (50 km/h) when driving with chains. As an exception in this
situation, we recommend that you deactivate the ASC+T/DSC* system when
snow chains are mounted. Refer to
page 76.
Driving on low-traction road
surfaces
Use smooth, gentle pressure to control
the accelerator pedal. Avoid excessive
engine speeds and shift to the next
higher gear at an early point. Shift down
into the next lowest gear when approaching uphill or downhill grades.
Maintain an adequate distance between
yourself and the car ahead.
Brakes
Winter road conditions substantially
reduce the traction available between
the tires and the road surface. Remember that – in every situation – braking
distances will be significantly longer as
a result of this.
ABS is intended to prevent the wheels
from locking during brake applications,
thus helping to maintain vehicle stability
and steering response.
Overview
Controls
A full range of car-care products is
available from your BMW center.<
Car care
When starting from a full stop or "rocking" free in deep snow, we recommend
that you deactivate the ASC+T/DSC *
system. Refer to page 76.
Technology Repairs
Ensure that the coolant contains the
year-round 50:50 ratio of water and
antifreeze with corrosion inhibitor. This
mixture provides protection against
freezing down to approximately –34 7
(–37 6). Replace the coolant every
three years.
Starting off
In order to prevent freezing, apply
rubber treatment or silicone spray to
weather-stripping on the doors, hood,
luggage compartment and to convertible top seals.
Data
Coolant
Rubber seals and components
Index
The onset of winter is often accompanied by rapid changes in weather.
Adaptations in driving style should be
accompanied by preparations on the
vehicle itself to ensure that your vehicle
operation through the winter remains
safe and trouble-free.
105n
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106nWinter
operation
If it should occur that the ABS does not
respond in a critical braking situation
and the wheels lock: Reduce the pressure on the brake pedal until the wheels
just start to roll again while still maintaining enough force to continue braking. Following that, increase pedal
pressure again. Reduce the pressure as
the wheels lock, then reapply pressure.
Repeat this process.
This type of staggered braking will
lower the braking distance, and the
vehicle still remains responsive to
steering.
You can still attempt to steer around
hazards once you have reduced the
pressure on the brake pedal.
Do not shift down on slick road
surfaces. Doing so could cause
the rear wheels to lose traction and
skid, which could result in the loss of
vehicle control.<
Power steering
Skid control
Release the accelerator pedal and depress the clutch pedal. Countersteer
carefully and attempt to regain control
of the vehicle.
Parking
Engage 1st or reverse gear. If your car is
equipped with an automatic transmission, place the selector lever in Park. On
vehicles with manual transmission, also
apply the parking brake when parking
on inclined surfaces. In order to prevent
the parking brake pads from locking due
to frost or corrosion, dry them by gently
applying the parking brake as the vehicle is coming to a stop. Make sure that
following traffic is not endangered.
Changes in steering response
(high steering effort, for example):
Consult a BMW center to have the
system checked.
If the power steering fails, increased effort will be required
to steer the vehicle.<
The brake lamps do not light
up when the parking brake is
applied.<
Depress the clutch during hard
braking on road surfaces which
provide only poor or uneven traction.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Before loading the vehicle on
a car-carrier train or driving it
through a car-wash, remove the
antenna.<
Please refer to the Owner's Manual
provided with your sound system for
detailed information on its use.
Overview
Controls
Whenever necessary (when entering a car wash, for instance), remove the rod antenna* (refer also to
page 132). To remove the antenna,
grasp the rod at the bottom and unscrew it to the left from the antenna
base.<
Car care
The reception and sound quality
obtained from mobile radios varies
according to a variety of factors, including the broadcast range of the transmitter and the directional orientation of the
antenna. Interference factors such as
high-tension power lines, buildings and
natural obstructions can all lead to unavoidable reception interference, regardless of how well the vehicle's
sound system is operating. Climatic
factors such as intense solar radiation,
To ensure that your BMW continues to fog, rain and snow can also interfere
provide reliable and trouble-free opera- with reception.
tion, refrain from using a cellular phone Cellular phones without official BMW
approval can also generate interference
or other radio device with an antenna
located inside the passenger compart- during use. This phenomenon assumes
ment. The antenna should always be
the form of a low-pitched hum emanatfitted on the outside of the vehicle.
ing from the speaker system.
Technology Repairs
Mobile communications systems (cellular phones, two-way radios, etc.) are
approved only up to a power output of
10 watts. Nonetheless, they may cause
interference in the operation of your
vehicle if they are not specifically designed for use in your vehicle. BMW
can neither test nor assume responsibility for every individual product being
offered on the market. We recommend
that you consult your BMW center before purchasing any device of this kind.
107n
Data
Radio reception
Index
Cellular phone*
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108nHardtop*
– roadster
You may purchase a Hardtop Lift * from
your BMW center. This accessory is
especially designed to facilitate installation and removal of the hardtop.
Installation
Hook the protective fabric on the convertible top linkage (arrow).
Open the convertible top and fold it
down in the convertible top well. Refer
to pages 41 and 45.
When doing this, make sure the rear
window is laid down evenly and free
of creases. To prevent the rear window
from being scratched, position the protective fabric in the window fold.
Do not install the convertible cover.
367de385
Two people are necessary for the installation and removal of the hardtop.
Work with extreme caution during this
operation to avoid paint damage and
damage to the body and hardtop.
367de384
The fabric top does not have to be removed even in winter, when the hardtop
is normally in constant use. In order to
prevent water spots and mildew stains,
the fabric top must be completely dry
before it is stored in the convertible top
well.
Rotate the cover panel which is located
in the right and left trim panels behind
the seats in the direction of the arrow
until the opening for the hardtop mount
is completely free.
Remove the hardtop from the protective cover. Clean any dirt and dust from
the contact surfaces between the hardtop and the vehicle body in order to
protect against abrasion.
Position the hardtop on the mounts with
the assistance of a second person.
Lower the side windows and remove
the rod antenna if necessary to avoid
damage.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Hardtop* – roadster
The rear mounting fasteners are
locked correctly when the locking
levers engage audibly and point to the
rear of the vehicle.<
Finally, tighten the screws in the windshield frame (refer to the left column)
and secure the wrench in the onboard
tool kit.
After you have driven approx.
30 to 60 miles (50 to 100 km),
check the front hardtop fasteners to be
sure that they are seated securely.<
Controls
Car care
Following the initial delivery of the vehicle, or after the hardtop has been in use
for an extended period, closing the convertible top requires increased effort.
You may find this operation easier with
the assistance of a second person. Following that, the convertible top should
remain closed for at least 12 hours.
Data
Turn the right and left locking levers of
the rear hardtop mounting fasteners in
the direction of the arrow to the stop.
The two screws of the front hardtop fasteners remain permanently
in the windshield frame of your vehicle
to prevent their loss.<
Index
Using the wrench from the onboard tool
kit (fastened to the jack with a Velcro®
strip), turn the screw (arrow) two to
three turns into the windshield frame on
the right and left sides.
367de387
367de386
Reverse the above procedure for removal of the hardtop.
Technology Repairs
Removal
Overview
109n
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110nNotes
on inflation pressure
Tire condition
Information for your safety
Incorrect inflation pressure is a frequent
cause of tire damage. It also significantly influences the roadholding ability
of your BMW.
Check the tire pressures – including the spare tire* – regularly (at
least every two weeks and before you
begin an extended journey). If this is not
done, incorrect tire pressures may
cause tire damage and accidents.<
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Check the inflation pressure of
the spare tire*
For checking tire pressures on the
Z3 roadster and Z3 coupe, there is a
valve extension (arrow) on the storage
tray of the spare wheel which is accessible from outside.
390de331
In a very real sense, both tire life and
your own safety are riding on correct
tire specifications and inflation pressures. Refer to page 29.
367de309
The factory-approved radial tires are
matched to the car and have been selected to provide optimum safety and
driving comfort on your car.
Tire tread – Tire damage
Inspect your tires frequently for tread
wear, signs of damage and for foreign
objects lodged in the tread.
The tread depth should be at least
0.12 in (3 mm), although the legally
permissible minimum tread depth is
0.063 in (1.6 mm). Wear indicators
appear in the tread at 0.063 in (1.6 mm)
to indicate that the legally permissible
wear limit has been reached. There is a
significantly increased risk of aquaplaning at higher speeds when the tread
depth is below 0.12 in (3 mm), even if
there is only a small amount of water on
the road surface.
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Tread wear
Traction AA A B C
Temperature A B C
All passenger car tires must conform to Federal Safety Requirements in addition to these grades.<
Tread wear
The tread wear grade is a comparative
rating based on the wear rate of the tire
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test
course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would
wear one and one-half (1-g) times as
well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance
of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and may
depart significantly from the norm due
to variations in driving habits, service
practices and differences in road characteristics and climate.
The traction grade assigned to
this tire is based on straightahead braking traction tests, and does
not include acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.<
Overview
The traction grades, from highest to
lowest, are AA, A, B and C.
Those grades represent the tire's ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
may have poor traction performance.
Controls
DOT Quality Grades
Traction
Car care
To maintain good handling and vehicle
response, use only tires of a single tread
configuration from a single manufacturer. BMW tests and approves wheeltire combinations. Refer to page 116.
Technology Repairs
Never continue driving on a deflated (flat) tire. A flat tire greatly
impairs steering and braking response,
and can lead to complete loss of control over the vehicle.
Avoid overloading the vehicle so that
the permitted load on the tires is not
exceeded. This can lead to overheating
and increases the rate at which damage
develops inside the tires. The ultimate
result can assume the form of a sudden
air loss.
Unusual vibrations encountered during
normal vehicle operation can indicate
tire failure or some other vehicle defect,
as can variations in normal vehicle response, such as a pronounced tendency to pull to the left or right. Should
this occur, respond by reducing your
speed immediately. Drive carefully to
the nearest BMW center or professional
tire dealer, or have the vehicle towed in
to have it and its tires inspected.
Tire damage (up to and including sudden and complete air loss) can pose an
extreme hazard for both vehicle occupants and other road users.<
111n
Data
Tire replacement
Index
Tire condition
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112nTire
replacement
Temperature
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Tire age
The temperature grades are A (the
highest), B and C, representing the
tire's resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel.
Sustained high temperature can cause
the material of the tire to degenerate
and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of
performance which all passenger car
tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent higher levels
of performance on the laboratory test
wheel than the minimum required by
law.
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall between
tread shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
The date on which the tire was manufactured is indicated by the code on the
sidewall:
DOT ... 109 indicates that the tire was
manufactured in Week 10 of 1999.
Tread wear 200 Traction AA
Temperature A
Do not use retreaded tires as this
could negatively affect driving
safety. This is due to the possible variations in casing structures and, in some
cases, to their extreme age, factors
which can lead to a decrease in their
durability.<
BMW recommends the replacement of
all tires when the tires are no more than
6 years old, even if a tire life of 10 years
is possible.
Spare tires over 6 years old should be
used only in case of emergency. A tire
of this age should be replaced by a new
tire immediately, and should not be
fitted together with new tires.
The temperature grade for this tire
is established for a tire that is
properly inflated and not overloaded.
Excessive speed, under-inflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup
and possible tire failure.<
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Tire rotation
If tires with different sizes are
mounted on the front and rear
axles (refer to the information beginning
on page 116), the wheels may not be
rotated from one axle to the other.<
Overview
Controls
Car care
Following rotation, correct the tire inflation pressure.
Technology Repairs
If rotating the tires between the axles is
under consideration for economic reasons, the costs for remounting the
wheels must be calculated against any
savings which might result from the
anticipated extension in tire life. Rotation should always be carried out at
short intervals, with a maximum of
3,000 miles (5,000 km). Consult your
BMW center for more information.
Should you decide to rotate the tires,
it is essential to comply with the following:
Rotate wheels on the same side of the
car only, otherwise braking efficiency
and road grip could be adversely
affected.
Data
The tread wear patterns at the front end
differ from those at the rear – the actual
patterns will vary according to individual driving conditions. In the interest
of safety and optimal vehicle response,
we advise against rotating tires from
front to rear and vice versa.
Index
Between the axles
113n
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114nWheel
and tire combinations
The right choice
Codes on tires and wheels
All-Season and winter tires:
Use only tires which have been approved by BMW. Refer to the information beginning on page 116.
The tire codes will aid you in selecting
the correct tire.
Codes on radial tires:
Q M+S = up to 100 mph (160 km/h)
T M+S = up to 118 mph (190 km/h)
H M+S = up to 130 mph (210 km/h)
Because of the potential high speeds
which this vehicle can reach, the use of
specific brands, specifications and dimensions is mandatory. Consult any
BMW center for details.
Comply with national, state or provincial regulations.
Example:
Codes stamped on light-alloy wheels:
The correct wheel-tire combination affects different systems such
as ABS and ASC+T/DSC*. The function
of these systems is impaired if improper
wheel-tire combinations are used.
For this reason, use only tires made by
the same manufacturer which have the
same tread configuration. If you must
deviate from this (following a flat tire, for
instance), restore the approved wheeltire combination as soon as possible.<
205/60 R 15 91 H
Nominal width
in mm
Aspect ratio in %
Belt rating ID code
for radial tires
Wheel diameter in inches
Load rating
(not on ZR tires)
Speed rating
(before R on ZR tires)
The speed rating indicates the approved maximum speed for the tire.
Example:
7 J x 15 H 2
Rim width
in inches
Code letter for
flange type
Symbol for full-drop
center rim
Rim diameter in inches
Hump on the 2 rim shoulders
Protect valve inserts against dirt by
using valve caps. Dirt in the valves
frequently leads to slow leaks.
Summer tires:
S =
T =
H =
V =
W =
Y =
ZR =
up to 112 mph (180 km/h)
up to 118 mph (190 km/h)
up to 130 mph (210 km/h)
up to 149 mph (240 km/h)
up to 167 mph (270 km/h)
up to 186 mph (300 km/h)
over 149 mph (240 km/h)
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Mount only winter tires which have
been approved by BMW. Any BMW
center will be glad to provide you with
information on the best winter tires for
your particular driving conditions.
Overview
mounted on summer and winter tires.
Install on the rear tires only. Do not install snow chains on the front. Always
comply with the manufacturer's safety
recommendations when mounting
chains.
Car care
Never exceed the maximum
speed for which the tires are
rated.
Unprofessional attempts by laymen to
service tires can lead to damage and
accidents.
Have this work performed by skilled
professionals only. Any BMW center
has the required technical knowledge
and the proper equipment and will be
happy to assist you.<
Tire condition, tire pressure
Once the tire wears to below 0.16 in
(4 mm), winter tires display a perceptible decrease in their ability to cope with
winter driving conditions, and should be
replaced in the interest of safety.
Comply with the specified tire inflation
pressures – and be sure to have the
wheel and tire assemblies balanced
every time you change the tires.
Storage
Store tires in a cool, dry place, away
from light whenever possible. Protect
the tires against contact with oil, grease
and fuel.
Technology Repairs
In the interests of sure tracking and safe
steering response, mount winter tires
which are made by the same manufacturer and which have the same tread
configuration at all four wheels.
Comply with recommended speed Small-link BMW snow chains* can be
Data
BMW recommends winter tires (M+S
radial tires) for driving in adverse winter
road conditions. While tires known as
all-season tires (M+S designation) provide better winter traction than summer
tires with load ratings H, V, W, Y and
ZR, they generally do not achieve the
performance of winter tires.
115n
Index
Choosing the right tire
Snow chains*
Controls
Winter tires
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
116nApproved
wheel and tire specifications
Tire specifications
Suitable for
snow chains
Steel rim
(wheel rim)
Light-alloy
wheel
225/50 R 16 92 V
225/50 ZR 16
✻
–
7Jx16
Front: 225/45 ZR 17
–
–
7.5Jx17
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17
–
–
8.5Jx17
205/60 R 15 91 Q
✻
6.5Jx15
7Jx15
205/55 R 16 91 Q
225/50 R 16 92 Q
✻
–
7Jx16
225/45 R 17 91 Q
✻
–
7.5Jx17
8Jx17
–
3.5Bx15
–
Z3 roadster 2.3
Summer
Winter (M+S)
The use of rims and lug bolts that
do not meet the specifications of
the original factory-installed equipment
will affect the safe operation of your vehicle and may cause an accident and
personal injury.
Never mix tires of different design, such
as steel-belted radials with bias-belted
or bias-ply tires, etc. Mixing tire types
will adversely affect road-holding and
can lead to loss of vehicle control.<
Spare tire
T 125/90 R 15 96 M
Use the spare tire only for short distances (to reach the nearest BMW center, for instance). Due to the altered
handling characteristics, do not exceed
a maximum speed of 50 mph (80 km/h).
Mounting snow chains on the spare tire
is not possible. Be sure that all tires are
properly inflated. Refer to page 30.
Comply with the specifications for tires
and wheels in the vehicle's manuals. If
tires with specifications not approved
by the factory are used, an entry in the
vehicle documentation may be required.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Approved wheel and tire specifications
–
7Jx16
Front: 225/45 ZR 17
–
–
7.5Jx17
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17
–
–
8.5Jx17
205/60 R 15 91 Q
✻
6.5Jx15
7Jx15
205/55 R 16 91 Q
225/50 R 16 92 Q
✻
–
7Jx16
225/45 R 17 91 Q
✻
–
7.5Jx17
8Jx17
–
3.5Bx15
–
Winter (M+S)
Spare tire
T 125/90 R 15 96 M
Use the spare tire only for short distances (to reach the nearest BMW center, for instance). Due to the altered
handling characteristics, do not exceed
a maximum speed of 50 mph (80 km/h).
Mounting snow chains on the spare tire
is not possible. Be sure that all tires are
properly inflated. Refer to page 30.
Comply with the specifications for tires
and wheels in the vehicle's manuals. If
tires with specifications not approved
by the factory are used, an entry in the
vehicle documentation may be required.
Overview
✻
Summer
Controls
225/50 R 16 92 W
225/50 ZR 16
Z3 roadster 2.8, Z3 coupe 2.8
The use of rims and lug bolts that
do not meet the specifications of
the original factory-installed equipment
will affect the safe operation of your vehicle and may cause an accident and
personal injury.
Never mix tires of different design, such
as steel-belted radials with bias-belted
or bias-ply tires, etc. Mixing tire types
will adversely affect road-holding and
can lead to loss of vehicle control.<
Car care
Light-alloy
wheel
Technology Repairs
Steel rim
(wheel rim)
Data
Suitable for
snow chains
Index
Tire specifications
117n
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118nApproved
wheel and tire specifications
Tire specifications
Suitable for snow
chains
Light-alloy wheel
–
–
7.5Jx17 AH 2
9Jx17 AH 2
–
Front: 7.5Jx17 AH 2
Rear: 8Jx17 AH 2
M roadster, M coupe
Summer
Front: 225/45 ZR 17
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17
Winter
225/45 R 17 91 H M+S
Have the winter tires changed at
your BMW center or at a tire service shop.<
Wheel with asymmetrical hump
(AH)
If the rim has a so-called asymmetrical
hump in place of the usual symmetrical
Comply with the specifications for tires hump, the tire will remain on the rim
and wheels in the vehicle's manuals. If
much longer if air pressure is lost, thus
tires with specifications not approved
enabling the car to be braked to a
by the factory are used, an entry in the standstill more easily. A further advanvehicle documentation may be required. tage of the asymmetrical hump wheel
rim is that special tires are not needed.
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Hood
Controls
To open
To close
Pull the lever located under the lefthand side of the instrument panel.
Grasp the hood on both sides on the
level of the latch (arrow 1); press the
latch upward and simultaneously lift the
hood with both hands.
Allow the hood to fall from a height of
about 12 inches (30 cm) so that it audibly engages.
Data
To avoid injuries, be sure that the
travel path of the hood is clear
when it is closed, as with all closing
procedures.
If it is determined that the hood is not
completely closed while driving, stop
immediately and close it securely.<
Index
Do not work on your vehicle without appropriate skills. Always
switch off the engine and allow it to
cool down before working in the engine
compartment.
Always disconnect the battery before
working on any electrical systems or
equipment, especially when these are
located within the engine compartment.
Comply with all applicable instructions
and warnings. If you are not familiar
with all guidelines, have the work performed by your BMW center. Otherwise, safety hazards for vehicle occupants and other road users may occur
as a result of improper handling of components and materials.<
Car care
To release
Technology Repairs
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365de063
Overview
119n
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compartment – Z3 roadster 2.3, 2.8, Z3 coupe 2.8
367us702
120nEngine
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1 Auxiliary terminal for jump-starting –
positive terminal 171
2 Engine oil dipstick 125
3 Brake fluid reservoir 130
121n
Overview
Engine compartment – Z3 roadster 2.3, 2.8, Z3 coupe 2.8
Car care
8 Auxiliary terminal for jump-starting –
negative terminal 171
Technology Repairs
7 Reservoir for windshield and
headlamp* washer fluid 124
Data
6 Engine oil filler neck 125
Index
5 Fuse box 169
Controls
4 Coolant expansion tank 128
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compartment – M roadster, M coupe
367us703
122nEngine
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1 Auxiliary terminal for jump-starting –
positive terminal 171
2 Engine oil dipstick 125
3 Brake fluid reservoir 130
123n
Overview
Engine compartment – M roadster, M coupe
Car care
8 Auxiliary terminal for jump-starting –
negative terminal 171
Technology Repairs
7 Reservoir for windshield and
headlamp* washer fluid 124
Data
6 Coolant expansion tank 128
Index
5 Engine oil filler neck 125
Controls
4 Fuse box 169
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124nFluids
for the washer systems
367de345
Antifreeze agent for the washer
systems is inflammable. For this
reason, keep it away from sources of
flame and store it only in its original
container. Store it so that it is inaccessible to children. Comply with the instructions on the containers.<
Headlamp* and windshield
washer system
Capacity: Approx. 5.3 US quarts
(5.0 liters).
Washer nozzles
Windshield washer system
Windshield:
The spray from the nozzles should be
directed so as to ensure effective
cleaning, even at high speeds.
If necessary, correct the adjustment
with a needle, or have the adjustment
made by your BMW center.
Rear window – Z3 coupe, M coupe
only:
Have this system adjusted by your
BMW center as required.
Headlamp washer system*
Have this system adjusted by your
BMW center as required.
Fill with water and – if required – with a
washer antifreeze (according to the
manufacturer's recommendations).
We recommend that you mix the
washer fluid before adding it to
the reservoir.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Engine oil
As with fuel economy, oil consumption
is directly influenced by your driving
style and vehicle operating conditions.
Controls
Wait until the level has dropped to just
above the lower mark before adding oil.
Do not wait until the oil drops below the
lower mark.
BMW engines are designed to
operate without oil additives; the
use of additives could lead to damage
in some cases. This also applies to the
manual and automatic transmission, the
differential and the power steering system.<
Car care
367de344
To add oil
Technology Repairs
The space between the two marks on
the dipstick corresponds to approx.
1.1 US quarts (1 liter). Do not fill beyond
the upper mark on the dipstick. Excess
oil will damage the engine.
Data
1 Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2 Shut the engine off after it has
reached normal operating temperature.
3 After approx. 5 minutes, pull the dipstick out and wipe it off with a clean
lint-free cloth, paper towel, or similar
material.
4 Push the dipstick carefully all the way
into the guide tube and pull it out
again.
5 The oil level should be between the
two graduations on the dipstick.
Index
Checking oil level
460de189
367de236
Overview
125n
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126nEngine
oil
The quality of the engine oil which is
selected has critical significance for the
operation and service life of an engine.
Based on extensive testing, BMW has
approved only certain engine oils.
Specified engine oils for the
M roadster and M coupe
Specified engine oils for the
Z3 roadster and Z3 coupe
API SH
API–SH/CD
API–SH/CE
These oils may be utilized in all ambient
temperatures. Refer to right side of the
chart.
Viscosity – Definition
SAE classes for the M roadster
and M coupe
Use approved "BMW High Performance
Synthetic Oil" only.
If you are unable to obtain "BMW High
Performance Synthetic Oil," you may
use small volumes of the "special oils"
approved by BMW for topping up between oil changes. You may use synthetic oils with the specification API SH
or higher only if the special oils are also
not available.
Always refer to the API specifications
when selecting oil.
Required quality:
Viscosity is the oil flow rating as established in SAE classes.
The selection of the correct SAE class
depends on the climatic conditions in
the area where you drive your BMW.
SAE classes for the Z3 roadster
and Z3 coupe
Approved oils are in SAE classes
5W-40 and 5W-30.<
Refer to the left half of the chart for the
correct SAE class.
You can continue to operate the vehicle
for short periods of time at temperatures beyond the range for the SAE
rating of the oil being used.
Ask your BMW center for details
concerning the specific "BMW
High Performance Synthetic Oil" or
"special oils" that have been approved.<
You can also call BMW of North America at 1-800-831-1117 or visit this website: www.bmwusa.com to obtain this
information.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Index
367us392
Data
Continuous exposure to used oil
has caused cancer in laboratory
testing. Any skin areas that come in
contact with oil should thus be thoroughly washed with soap and water.
Store oil, grease, etc., out of reach of
children. Comply with warning labels
and information on containers.
If you use SAE 15W-40 engine oil in low
temperatures (below 14 7/–10 6), the
engine may become difficult to start.
Special engine oils individually approved by BMW are preferred for use in
your engine. Please contact your BMW
center for details.<
Controls
Recommendation: Have the oil changed
by your BMW center only.
Car care
Comply with the applicable environmental laws regulating the disposal of used oil.<
Overview
127n
Technology Repairs
Engine oil
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128nCoolant
Comply with the applicable environmental laws regulating the disposal of extended-duty antifreeze with
corrosion inhibitor.<
367de356
Do not add coolant to the cooling
system when the engine is hot. If
you do, escaping coolant can cause
burns.
To avoid the possibility of damage later
on, do not use anything other than factory-approved, nitrite and amino-free
extended-duty antifreeze with corrosion
inhibitor which can be used with aluminum radiator cores. Your BMW center
is familiar with the approved specifications.
Antifreeze and anti-corrosion agents
are hazardous to health. Store them in
their original containers. Keep the containers tightly closed and out of reach
of children.
Extended-duty antifreeze with corrosion inhibitor contains the flammable
substance ethylene glycol. For this reason, do not spill extended-duty antifreeze with corrosion inhibitor on hot
engine components. If you do, it could
be ignited and cause serious burns.<
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Checking coolant level
Z3 roadster 2.3, 2.8, Z3 coupe 2.8:
The correct coolant level when the
engine is cold (approx. 68 7/20 6):
Unscrew the cap from the expansion
tank.
The coolant level is correct when the
upper end of the red float is at least
even with the upper edge of the filler
neck (refer to the arrow in the illustration), but no more than 0.8 inches
(2 cm) above it – that is, up to the second mark on the float (refer also the
schematic diagram next to the filler
neck).
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Coolant
Up to the KALT/COLD mark (arrow) of
the transparent expansion tank.
The coolant is a mixture of water and
extended-duty antifreeze with corrosion
inhibitor. Always maintain the prescribed all-season 50 :50 mixture ratio
for year-round protection against internal corrosion. No other additives are required.
Replace the coolant regularly. Refer to
the Service and Warranty Information
Booklet (US models) or the Warranty
and Service Guide (Canadian models).
Controls
Car care
M roadster, M coupe:
The correct coolant level when the
engine is cold (approx. 68 7/20 6):
Technology Repairs
M roadster, M coupe
1 Turn the cap slightly counterclockwise in order to allow accumulated
pressure to escape. Then open.
2 If the coolant is low, slowly add
coolant until the correct level is
reached – do not overfill.
Data
367de310
Wait until the engine cools before removing the cap from the expansion
tank. The needle of the coolant gauge
in the instrument cluster must be located in the blue field; otherwise, there
is a danger of scalding.
Index
To add coolant
Overview
129n
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If the warning lamp for the brake
hydraulic system comes on:
Check the brake fluid level. Add brake
fluid to the upper mark ("MAX") if necessary. For this, refer also to the instructions on page 104.
To eliminate the cause of the brake fluid
loss, please consult a BMW center. You
can also receive information concerning
approved brake fluids (DOT 4) there.
Vehicle Identification
Brake fluid is hygroscopic, that is,
it absorbs moisture from the air
over time.
In order to ensure the operating safety
and reliability of the brake system, have
the brake fluid changed every two years
by an BMW center. Refer also to the
Service and Warranty Information
Booklet (US models) or the Warranty
and Service Guide (Canadian models).
Brake fluid is toxic and will damage the
vehicle's paint. You should always store
it in its original container and in a location which is inaccessible to children.
Avoid brake fluid spills. Do not fill brake
fluid beyond the "MAX" level in the reservoir. The brake fluid could ignite upon
contact with hot engine parts and
cause serious burns.<
367us053
fluid
365de075
130nBrake
The Vehicle Identification Number is located in the engine compartment below
the windshield and on the top of the instrument panel.
Comply with the applicable environmental laws regulating the disposal of brake fluid.<
Brake fluid loss may result in extended
brake pedal travel. If this occurs, refer
to the notes on page 104.
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Please keep in mind that regular maintenance is not only necessary for the
safety of your vehicle, but also plays a
significant role in maintaining the resale
value of your vehicle.
Overview
Controls
Determining the maintenance intervals
according to the actual loads on the car
covers every kind of operating situation.
However, since oil deteriorates over time
regardless of use, even those who drive
only short distances – significantly less
than 6,200 miles (10,000 km) annually –
should have the engine oil changed regularly. Refer to the Service and Warranty
Information Booklet (US models) or to
the Warranty and Service Guide Booklet
(Canadian models).
Car care
From the point of view of maintenance,
62,000 miles (100,000 km) accumulated
in short-distance urban driving are not
the equivalent of the same distance
covered at moderate speeds in longdistance highway travel. In response
to this fact, the BMW Maintenance System monitors operating conditions as
the basis for determining the optimum
service intervals for your individual
vehicle.
The BMW Maintenance System includes the Engine Oil Service as well as
Inspections I and II.
Technology Repairs
The BMW Maintenance System has
been designed as a reliable means of
providing maximum driving and operating safety – and as cost-effectively as
possible for you.
Advanced technology is employed to
calculate the optimal maintenance intervals, which are then indicated in the
Service Interval Display. While conventional systems rely solely on distance
traveled to determine when service is
due, the BMW Maintenance System
considers the actual conditions under
which the vehicle operates.
Data
367us346
Service Interval Display
131n
Index
The BMW Maintenance System
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132nThe
BMW Maintenance System
Service and Warranty Information
Booklet (US models)/Warranty
and Service Guide (Canadian
models)
Have your BMW center do the
maintenance and repair.
Your BMW center is always informed on
the latest maintenance work and repair
techniques and is equipped with the reFor detailed information on required
quired special tools. In addition, checkmaintenance items and the work involved, please refer to the Service and ing parts known from experience to be
Warranty Information Booklet (US mod- subject to wear is a permanent part of
the maintenance specifications. Be
els) or to the Warranty and Service
sure that all maintenance work is conGuide Booklet (Canadian models).
firmed in the Service and Warranty InDepending upon operating conditions,
formation Booklet (US models) or the
it might be a good idea to have the
Warranty and Service Guide Booklet
body checked for damage from rocks
(Canadian models). These entries will
or gravel at the same time as a precauconstitute your proof that the vehicle
tion against rust.
has received regular maintenance. They
are also required for warranty claims.<
Caring for your car
Washing your car
You can wash your BMW by hand or in
an automatic car wash – even when it is
new. Car wash systems that do not employ brushes are preferable.
Wipe away tough dirt and loosen and
remove dead insects before washing
the car.
To prevent spots, avoid washing when
the hood is still warm, or immediately
after and during exposure to strong
sunlight.
If a brushless car wash is unavailable
and a brush car wash must be used,
modern systems with soft brushes are
preferable. In order to protect the convertible top, special waxing programs
may not be selected for the Z3 roadster
and the M roadster. The small amount
of beading wax always used in automatic car washes will not harm your
vehicle's finish.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Caring for your car
Overview
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
> The car wash system is suited for the
dimensions of your vehicle.
> No damage will occur on vehicles
with attached body accessories (such
as spoilers or antennas). Consult the
car wash operator if necessary.
> The wheels and tires of your vehicle
cannot be damaged by the conveyance devices of the car wash system.
When cleaning the headlamps,
> The vehicle is cleaned with minimum
please observe the following:
brush pressure, and ample water is
>
Do
not clean by wiping with a dry
available for washing and rinsing.
cloth (this causes scratches). Never
Parts of the car which are inaccessible
use abrasives or strong solvents to
to the automatic washer – such as door
clean the covers.
sills, door and hood edges, etc. – should
> Remove dirt and contamination (such
be cleaned by hand.
as insects) by soaking with BMW Car
In the winter months, it is especially imShampoo and then rinsing with plenty
portant to ensure that the car is washed
of water.
on a regular basis. Large quantities of
> Always use a deicer spray to remove
dirt and road salt are difficult to remove,
accumulated ice and snow – never
and they also cause damage to the
use a scraper.<
vehicle.
After washing the car, apply the
brakes briefly to dry them. Braking
efficiency might otherwise be reduced
by the moisture and the brake rotors
could also be corroded.<
Data
If spray wands or high-pressure
washers are used, be sure to
maintain an adequate distance between
the spray source and the vehicle's surface. Inadequate clearance and excessive pressure can damage or weaken
the finish, making it more susceptible to
subsequent attack. In addition, moisture could penetrate to vehicle components, leading to long-term damage.<
Index
When using an automatic car wash, be
sure that:
133n
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134nCaring
for your car
Cleaning and care of the
convertible top, Z3 roadster
and M roadster
Clean off bird droppings immediately,
since they attack the convertible top
and cause the rubber seals to swell due
The appearance and life of the convert- to their caustic characteristics.
ible top are highly dependent on its
Besides water, treat rubber seals only
proper care and operation. You should with talcum powder, rubber care prodpay particular attention to the following ucts or silicone spray, particularly when
instructions if your car has a light-colthey feel dry or tend to stick.
ored top.
Eliminate noises such as squeaks with
Protect the vehicle from exposure to
intense sunlight whenever possible by
parking it in the shade. This will prevent
the paint, rubber and fabric-covered
parts from being attacked.
Never fold up the convertible top and
store it in the convertible top well when
wet, dirty or frozen, since mildew stains
and rub spots may result.
To prevent the formation of creases in
the rear window and mildew stains in
the fabric, do not leave the top folded
in the convertible top well for extended
periods.
If the vehicle will be parked for lengthy
periods in an enclosed space, be sure
that the convertible top is dry and that
there is adequate ventilation.
lubricant spray.
Never use sharp-edged objects to
clean snow or ice from the rear window.
The use of deicing spray is not approved. Due to the danger of damage
and discoloration, do not apply adhesive tape, stickers, etc., to the window
or cover it with plastic film.
Depressions and discoloration may
occur in the convertible top as a result
of improper maintenance and cleaning
or as the result of stresses from excessive use. The convertible top and its
seams may also develop leaks. These
occurrences are not covered by the
warranty. For repairs, please consult
your BMW center.
Special wash for the top
In the case of more extensive dirt, which
is especially visible on light-colored top
materials, clean the top with the BMW
Convertible Cleaning Set. Please proceed as follows:
Spray the convertible top with the cleaning agent and then rub with a well-dampened sponge using circular motions until
a foam develops. Then you can finish
washing the vehicle in an automatic car
wash. After three to five washings the
convertible top should be treated with a
special impregnating spray. Please follow the instructions on the spray can.
Use the cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
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Caring for your car
Do not use spot removers, paint
thinners, solvents, gasoline or
similar substances for removing spots
from the convertible top or from the
rear window. These materials destroy
the rubber seals, which will lead to
leaks. Use only BMW-approved cleaners.<
Increasing awareness of the effects of
harmful environmental factors on vehicle finishes have led paint and vehicle
manufacturers to initiate programs designed to further improve the durability
of their finishes. Despite this, environmental factors which occur locally or
regionally can have negative effects on
the finish of your vehicle. These should
guide you in determining the frequency
and extent of your efforts to maintain
the vehicle finish.
Depending upon material and type
of impact (perforation of paint layer),
physical stresses from sand, road salt,
In industrial areas, deposits of flue dust,
lime, oily soot, precipitation containing
sulfur-dioxide (acid rain) and other environmental pollutants will damage the
car's finish unless adequate care is provided – even though this is generally
limited to the outside horizontal surfaces.
In coastal regions, high levels of atmospheric salt and humidity promote corrosion.
In the tropics, in addition to ultra-violet
radiation and high humidity, temperatures over 105 7 (40 6) in the shade
are common. Under those conditions,
light paints can reach temperatures up
to 175 7 (80 6) and dark paints up to
250 7 (120 6).
Controls
Road dirt, tar spots, dead insects, animal droppings (strong alkali concentration) and tree excretions (resins and
pollen) all contain substances capable
of causing damage when allowed to
remain on the finish of your car for any
period of time (spots, etching, flaking,
separation in the top coat).
Car care
If you wash the vehicle frequently in
brush car washes, and in particular in
those with hard brushes, faint scratches
in the rear window may result. With the
window replacement system you can
replace a heavily scratched window at a
relatively low price. Please contact your
BMW center for additional information.
gravel, etc., can cause corrosion to
start extending beneath the finish, starting at the point of impact.
Technology Repairs
To provide effective corrosion protection, multilayer paintwork is applied at
the factory. Cataphoretic immersion
priming techniques are supplemented
using special body-cavity protectants,
with the application of specially-developed and extensively tested materials.
A layer of flexible PVC is first applied
to the undercarriage. Following this, a
comprehensive undercoating treatment with a wax-based protectant is
applied.
Regular maintenance makes an important contribution to maintaining the
safety and value of your vehicle.
Data
Exterior finish
While the roadster's rear window has
the advantage of being extremely flexible, there is the disadvantage that it has
a relatively-soft surface. For this reason, clean the rear window only with a
soft, antistatic cloth or with BMW Convertible Rear Window Cleaner.
Index
Rear window cleaning
Overview
135n
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136nCaring
for your car
Caring for the vehicle finish
Waxing your car
Paint damage
Regular washing is a preventive measure against long-term effects from
substances which are harmful to the
vehicle's finish, especially if you drive
your vehicle in areas with high levels of
air pollution or aggressive natural substances (tree resins, pollen).
Protect the finish using carnauba or
synthetic-based waxes only.
You can touch up minor paint flaws with
BMW spray paint or a BMW touchup
stick.
Nevertheless, you should immediately
remove especially aggressive substances. Failure to do so can lead to
changes in the paint's chemical structure or to discoloration. Gasoline spilled
during refueling, oil, grease and brake
fluid should always be cleaned away
immediately, as should bird droppings
(finish damage).
Any contamination remaining on the
surface of the vehicle will be especially
conspicuous after washing. Use cleaning fluid or alcohol with a clean cloth or
cotton pad to remove. Remove tar
spots with tar remover. After cleaning,
the affected areas should be waxed to
ensure continued protection.
Use the cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
The best way to determine when the
finish needs to be waxed is by noting
when water stops beading on the surface.
You can use a glass cleaner to remove
any wax or silicone that may have been
left on the windows during waxing.
Use the cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
The color code for your vehicle is provided on a tag located near the vehicle
data plate and on the first page of the
Service and Warranty Information
Booklet (US models) or the Warranty
and Service Guide Booklet (Canadian
models).
Damage caused by flying stones,
scratches, etc., must be touched up
without delay to prevent rust from forming.
If corrosion has started to form in an
area with paint damage, remove all rust
and clean the area. Finally, apply the
finish coat. Wait a few days, then polish
the repaired area. Finish by applying a
wax preservative.
More extensive paint damage should
be repaired professionally in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Your BMW center uses original
BMW finish materials in accordance
with approved repair procedures.
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Caring for your car
If your vehicle is equipped with chromed
parts* such as window frames, door
handles, etc., clean these parts thoroughly with plenty of water and, if they
are exposed to the effects of salt, also
with a shampoo additive. Use chrome
polish for additional treatment.
Plastic components, vinyl upholstery,
the headliner of the coupe, lamp
lenses, the clear cover of the instrument panel and components with a
sprayed dull black surface can be
cleaned with water (add plastic shampoo as required). Do not allow moisture
to soak through the seats or headliner.
Never use solvents such as lacquer
thinner, heavy-duty grease remover,
fuels, etc.
Rubber components should be cleaned
with water only; a rubber treatment or
silicone spray may also be applied.
Heavily soiled floor carpets and mats *
can be cleaned with an interior cleaner.
The floor mats can be removed from
the vehicle for cleaning.
Please use only a damp cloth to clean
wooden fascia panels and components.
Follow up by drying with a soft cloth.
Use the cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
Overview
Controls
After cleaning, never allow the inertia
reel to retract the belts until they are
completely dry. Dirty safety belts prevent the inertia reel mechanism from
retracting the strap properly, and thus
constitute a safety hazard.
Car care
Use only wiper blades which have
been approved by BMW.<
Light-alloy wheels should be treated
with alloy wheel cleaner, particularly
during the winter months. Do not use
aggressive products containing acids,
strong alkalis or abrasives. Alloy wheels
should not be cleaned with a steam jet
operating at temperatures in excess of
140 7 (60 6). Follow the manufacturer's instructions.
The safety belts should be cleaned with
a mild soap and water solution without
being removed from the car. Never attempt chemical or dry cleaning, since
this could cause damage to the belt
fabric.
Technology Repairs
Clean the wiper blades with soapy
water. The wiper blades should be replaced twice a year, before and after
the cold season.
Caring for other vehicle
components and materials
Data
You can use window and glass cleaner
to clean inside window surfaces and
mirrors without smearing and streaking.
Never use polishing pastes or abrasive
(quartz) cleansers on mirror lenses!
Index
Window care
137n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
138nCaring
for your car
Care of upholstery materials
Depressions formed in the upholstered
materials in the course of everyday use
can be brushed up working with a
lightly dampened brush "against the
nap."
The tendency of the pile to lie in a particular direction on velour upholstery
is not a quality defect, and, just as on
home textiles or clothing, cannot be
avoided.
Fuzz on upholstery materials, rubbed-in
fabric or suede residues can be removed with a fuzz or Velcro® brush. A
cleaning glove is available for particularly "stubborn" lint. Remove spots and
larger soiled areas immediately with
luke-warm water, an interior cleaner, or
a spot remover. Brush the fabric afterwards to restore its appearance.
If the vehicle will be stored for an extended period or if it is exposed to intense sunlight, cover all the seats or the
windows to prevent fading (roadster:
Convertible top closed).
Use the cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
The buildup of an electrostatic charge
on the seat covers, particularly if atmospheric humidity is low, can give the
occupants an unpleasant electric shock
if they touch metal body parts after
leaving the vehicle. Although this is
not dangerous in any way, it can be
avoided by touching a bare or polished
metal part of the car while getting out.
If necessary, antistatic products can be
used to eliminate this effect to a large
extent.
Leather care
The leather upholstery* used by BMW
is a natural product of the highest quality, processed using state-of-the-art
methods to ensure that it will maintain
its high quality for years to come, provided that it is properly cared for.
As this product is manufactured using
natural materials, you must make allowances for special characteristics and
possible surface irregularities. You
should also bear in mind that this kind
of material requires special care and
attention.
Regular cleaning and care are essential, since dust and road dirt act as
abrasives in the pores and creases of
the material. This leads to wear spots
and premature brittleness on the surface of the leather. We therefore suggest that you clean the leather with a
vacuum cleaner or dust cloth at frequent intervals.
For cleaning, use BMW leather cleaning
foam.
Since dirt and grease gradually attack
the protective layer of the leather, the
cleaned surfaces should be treated
with BMW leather care agent. This also
acts as an antistatic agent.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
If the upholstery is to be exposed to
intense sunlight or if the vehicle is to be
stored for an extended period, cover all
leather surfaces (or, better yet, the windows) to prevent fading.
1 Front airbags for driver and
passenger
2 Side airbags
Use the cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
Cleaning agents can contain substances which are dangerous or
which pose health risks. Therefore,
always comply with the warnings and
danger notices on the package.
Open the doors or windows on your
vehicle when cleaning the interior (or
when the roadster's convertible top is
closed). Never clean your vehicle with
solvents or other materials not specifically intended for this application.<
Important safety notices
Do not attempt to remove the gas
generators of the airbag restraint
system from the vehicle or to disassemble them.
Have inspection and service procedures performed by specially-trained
personnel only.
If the airbag restraint system malfunctions, is deactivated or triggered as a
response to an accident, have the system repaired by an BMW center only.
Overview
Controls
Car care
Spilled liquids should be wiped up immediately, and greasy and oily stains
dabbed with a stain remover.
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We recommend that you perform this
procedure twice a year on leather exposed to normal use.
Do not make modifications of any kind
to the individual components or system
wiring. These include the upholstered
covers on the steering wheel hub, in the
instrument panel and in the side trim
panels of the doors. Never apply adhesive materials to these components or
cover or modify them in any way. Do
not attempt to disassemble the steering
wheel itself.
To ensure compliance with applicable
safety regulations, have the airbag generators disposed of by an BMW center
only.
Unprofessional attempts to service the
system could lead to failure in an emergency or undesired airbag activation,
either of which could result in personal
injury.<
Technology Repairs
To protect the leather from dampness
or moisture, you can treat it with a
BMW impregnating agent.
139n
Data
Airbags
Index
Caring for your car
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
140nStoring
your vehicle
If you intend to store the vehicle for Before parking the vehicle for
longer than three months, have the storage
maintenance operations described on
1 Dry the parking brake and footbrake
this page performed.<
by brake applications to prevent the
brake discs and drums from corrodPreparation for storage
ing.
Have the following operations per2 Park the vehicle in a covered, dry,
formed by your BMW center:
and well-ventilated room. Place the
transmission in 1st gear or set the se1 Clean and apply a rustproofing agent or
lector lever to the "P" position. Chock
other treatment to the engine, engine
the wheels to prevent the vehicle
compartment, undercarriage, axles
from rolling if necessary. Do not set
and major components in accordance
the parking brake.
with approved repair procedures. Wash
3
Remove the battery, charge it comthe vehicle, clean the interior and treat
pletely and store it in a cool (but
painted and chromed parts. Clean the
frost-free) room.
rubber seals around the hood, luggage
compartment and doors.
2 Change the engine oil and oil filter
with the engine at operating temperature. As an additional corrosion protection measure, an anticorrosive
agent can be added to the engine in
accordance with the manufacturer's
instructions.
3 Check the coolant level and concentration and top up if necessary.
4 Check the fluid level of the windshield
washer fluid reservoir; top up if necessary.
5 Fill the fuel tank completely to prevent the formation of condensation.
6 Increase the tire inflation pressure to
51 psi (350 kPa).
Removing the vehicle from
storage
Recharge the battery if the "Magic Eye"
turns black. Refer to page 167.
Then have Inspection I performed by
your BMW center, including a brake
fluid replacement if necessary. Refer to
the Service Manual.
Z3 roadster/M roadster:
4 Remove the hardtop* and store it
separately. Refer to page 109.
5 Close the convertible top.
During storage
Recharge the battery every six months.
If it is not recharged, it will not be serviceable. Every time the battery is discharged, especially over extended periods, its service life is reduced.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Do not remove the protective lens
and avoid staring directly at the
unfiltered beam for extended periods
(several hours), since inflammation of
the iris could result.<
Overview
Any BMW center will be happy to advise
you concerning the advisability, legal
implications and factory recommendations for technical modifications to the
vehicle. For this purpose, the BMW
center will require the Vehicle Identification Number. The engine number is
also required in some instances.
141n
Controls
Technical modifications to the vehicle
Technology Repairs
Data
Index
Light-emitting diodes installed behind
translucent lenses serve as the light
source for many of the controls and displays in your vehicle. These LEDs are
similar to laser technology and are legally classified as "Class 1 light emitting
diodes."
Car care
Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
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142nOBD
connector
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An Illuminated indicator informs
you of the need for service, but
not of the need to stop the vehicle. However, the systems should be
checked by your BMW center at the
earliest possible opportunity.
Access to the connector for the
Onboard Diagnostic system (OBD):
Lift off the side cover in the center console on the passenger's side (arrow).
The purpose of the OBD system is to
ensure proper operation of the emission control system throughout the
vehicle's lifetime by monitoring emission-related components and systems
for deterioration and malfunction.
When the filler cap is not properly
tightened, the OBD system can
detect the vapor leak and the indicator
will light up. If the filler cap is subsequently tightened, the indicator should
go out within a few days.<
Under certain conditions, the indicator
will blink or flash. This indicates a rather
severe level of engine misfire. When
this occurs, you should reduce speed
and consult the nearest BMW center as
soon as possible. Severe engine misfire
over only a short period of time can
seriously damage emission control
components, especially the catalytic
converter.
"Service Engine Soon" warning
lamp for Canadian models.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Index
Data
Technology Repairs
Car care
Controls
Overview
143n
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144n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Controls
Car care
Operation, care
and maintenance
Owner service procedures
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Assistance, giving and
receiving:
Jump-starting 170
Towing the vehicle 172
Controls and features
Technical data
Data
In case of electrical
malfunction:
Power convertible top 170
Fuel filler door 170
Overview
Index
Index
Replacement procedures:
Onboard tool kit 146
Windshield wiper blades 146
Lamps and bulbs 147
Master key with battery
lamp 154
Tire change –
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe 155
Repairing a flat tire,
M roadster, M coupe 162
Battery 166
Fuses 169
Overview
145n
Repairs
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146nOnboard
tool kit
Windshield wiper blades
Rear window wiper, Z3 coupe,
M coupe
The onboard tool kit is located in the
luggage compartment, under the floor
mat.
Follow the same procedure as that
described for changing the front wiper
blades, except that the wiper does not
have to be positioned vertically.
Z3 roadster, M roadster:
Lift the floor mat from the rear by the
strap and fold it forward.
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Z3 coupe, M coupe:
Grasp the floor mat by the straps on the
left and right. Pull it upward and remove
it.
Front
Fold the wiper back onto the window before you turn the ignition
key to position 1 or 2.<
Use only wiper blades which have
been approved by BMW.<
1 Position the wipers vertically. To do
this, switch on the wipers and switch
off the ignition when the wipers are
approximately vertical.
2 Raise the wiper arm completely.
3 Press the spring retainer (arrow) and
extract the blade, pulling toward the
wiper arm.
4 Insert a new wiper blade and apply
pressure until you hear it engage.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Lamps and bulbs
A replacement bulb set is available from
your BMW center.
HB3, 65-watt bulb
Before performing any work on
the electrical system, switch off
the affected accessories or disconnect
the cable from the negative terminal of
the battery. Failure to do so could result
in short circuits in the electrical system.
To prevent injuries and damage, comply with any instructions provided by
the bulb manufacturer.<
HB4, 55-watt bulb
2 Low beam headlamps
The bulb is pressurized. Therefore, wear safety glasses and protective gloves. Failure to comply with
this precaution could lead to injury if the
bulb is accidentally damaged during replacement.<
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
1 High beams
Data
The illustration depicts the right side
of the engine compartment.
When cleaning the headlamps,
please observe the following:
> Do not clean by wiping with a dry
cloth (this causes scratches). Never
use abrasives or strong solvents to
clean the covers.
> Remove dirt and contamination (such
as insects) by soaking with BMW Car
Shampoo and then rinsing with plenty
of water.
> Always use a deicer spray to remove
accumulated ice and snow – never
use a scraper.<
Index
Do not touch the glass portion of
a new bulb with your bare hands
since even small amounts of impurities
burn in to the surface and reduce the
service life of the bulb. Use a clean
cloth, paper napkin, or a similar material, or hold the bulb by its metallic
base.<
1 Turn the bulb holder with the bulb to
the left and remove toward the rear.
2 Pull off the plug.
3 Push the new bulb holder with bulb
onto the plug – ensure proper locking.
4 Reinstall in reverse order.
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The lamps and bulbs make essential
contributions to the safety of your vehicle. Therefore, comply fully with the following instructions during bulb replacement. If you are not familiar with any of
the procedures, consult your BMW
center.
Overview
147n
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and bulbs
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148nLamps
Position lamps
Front turn signals
Side turn signals
5-watt bulb
21-watt bulb
5-watt bulb
1 Use finger pressure against the inner 1 Turn the bulb holder with the bulb to
edge of the lens (arrow) to press it
the left and remove toward the rear.
outward for removal.
2 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
2 Turn the bulb holder with the bulb to
to the left. Remove and exchange the
the right and remove it from the lamp.
bulb.
3 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb 3 Insert the bulb holder and turn to the
to the left. Remove and exchange the
right as far as possible.
bulb.
4 Install in the reverse order.
1 Use finger pressure against the rear
edge of the lens (arrow) to press it
toward the rear for removal.
2 Turn the bulb holder with the bulb to
the right and remove it from the lamp.
3 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
to the left. Remove and exchange the
bulb.
4 Install in the reverse order.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Lamps and bulbs
1 Unclip the plastic cover (on the inside
of the fog lamp) with a screwdriver.
2 Loosen two screws, tilt the fog lamp
outward and remove it.
3 Release the plastic cap on the back
of the fog lamp and remove it.
4 Remove the plug.
5 Detach the wire clamp.
6 Replace the bulb.
7 Install in the reverse order.
1 Turn signal
yellow
2 Brake lamp
red
3 Backup lamp
white
4 Tail lamp, reflector
red
5 Side marker lamp
red
Controls
1 Open the quick-release fastener
(arrow) and remove the cover.
2 Turn the corresponding bulb holder
to the left and remove it.
3 Press the defective bulb gently and
turn it to the left. Remove the bulb
and replace it.
4 Insert the bulb holder and turn to the
right as far as possible.
5 Secure the cover.
Car care
Tail lamp, side marker lamp:
5-watt bulbs
Remaining bulbs: 21 watts
Technology Repairs
Tail lamp assembly – Z3 roadster
H1, 55-watt bulb
Data
Front fog lamps*
Z3 roadster
Index
Z3 roadster
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Overview
149n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Tail lamp assembly – M roadster
Tail lamp, side marker lamp:
5-watt bulbs
Remaining bulbs: 21 watts
1 Turn signal
2 Backup lamp
3 Tail lamp, reflector
yellow
white
red
M roadster
1 Turn the bulb holder retainer to the
left (arrow) and remove bulb holder.
2 Pull the bulb holder for the side
marker lamp toward the front and out
of the tail lamp assembly.
3 Press the defective bulb gently and
turn it to the left. Remove the bulb
and replace it.
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M roadster
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and bulbs
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150nLamps
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Tail lamp assembly – Z3 coupe,
M coupe
Tail lamp, side marker lamp:
5-watt bulbs
Remaining bulbs: 21 watts
1 Turn signal
2 Backup lamp
yellow
white
4 Brake lamp
red
3 Tail lamp, reflector
red
5 Side marker lamp
red
4 Brake lamp
red
5 Side marker lamp
red
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Lamps and bulbs
7 Reinstall the trim panel in the opposite order:
Insert the clips and turn them approx.
1/4 turn to secure them.
Car care
Controls
In the event of a malfunction, please
consult your BMW center.
Technology Repairs
Side marker lamp:
Pull the bulb holder out of the tail lamp
assembly toward the front.
Center (high-mount) brake lamp –
Z3 roadster
Data
4 Turn the corresponding bulb holder
to the left (arrow) and remove it.
5 Press the defective bulb gently and
turn it to the left. Remove the bulb
and replace it.
6 Insert the bulb holder and turn to the
right as far as possible.
Z3 roadster
Index
1 Lift up the luggage compartment floor
mat.
2 To loosen, turn the mounting clips
(arrows) of the right-hand trim panel
on the rear wall of the luggage compartment approx. 1/4 turn with a coin
or screwdriver.
3 Pull out the clips and remove the trim
panel.
Z3 coupe, M coupe
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Z3 coupe, M coupe
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Overview
151n
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Z3 coupe, M coupe
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M roadster
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and bulbs
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152nLamps
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Center (high-mount) brake lamp –
M roadster
Center (high-mount) brake lamp –
Z3 coupe, M coupe
License plate lamps –
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Seven 5-watt bulbs
In the event of a malfunction, please
consult your BMW center.
5-watt bulb
1 Open the luggage compartment lid.
2 Remove the cover (use a screwdriver
if necessary).
3 Press the defective bulb gently on the
bulb socket, turn it to the left and remove.
4 Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket
and replace.
5 Install in the reverse order.
1 Press the lamp to the left and remove
it.
2 Turn the bulb holder with the bulb to
the left and remove it from the lamp.
3 Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket
and replace.
4 Install in the reverse order.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Lamps and bulbs
License plate lamps –
M roadster, M coupe
5-watt bulb
1 Press down and remove the lamp on
the top side (see arrow).
2 Turn the bulb holder with the bulb to
the left and remove it from the lamp.
3 Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket
and replace it.
4 Install in the reverse order.
Luggage compartment lamp –
Z3 roadster, M roadster
Rear:
10-watt bulb
The lamp is located above in the luggage compartment.
1 Use a screwdriver to press out the
lamp at the side recess.
2 Press back the plastic tab on the reflector, open the reflector and replace
the bulb.
1 Use a screwdriver to pry out the
lamp.
2 Pull the bulb out of the contact lugs.
Reading lamps –
Z3 coupe, M coupe
5-watt bulb
10-watt bulbs
1 Use a screwdriver to press out the
lamp at the left recess.
2 Press the defective bulb gently and
turn it to the left. Remove the bulb
and replace it.
Index
367de307
M roadster, M coupe
When reinstalling the lens, first
position it on the left, then snap it
into place.<
1 Use a screwdriver to press out the
lamp at the left recess.
2 Press back the plastic tab on the reflector, open the reflector and replace
the bulb.
Controls
Front:
15-watt bulb
1 Use a screwdriver to press out the
lens at the left recess.
2 Pull the bulb out of the contact lugs.
Car care
10-watt bulb
Technology Repairs
Interior lamps –
Z3 coupe, M coupe
Data
Interior lamp –
Z3 roadster, M roadster
Overview
153n
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154nMaster
key with battery lamp
365de132
Return used batteries to a
recycling point or to your BMW
center.<
If light intensity drops, renew the battery to safeguard against acid escaping.
Battery change
1 Remove the cover on the back of the
key with a screwdriver.
2 Insert a new battery of the same type
(CR 2025; refer to the illustration) so
that it touches the contacts.
3 Snap the cover into place and apply
uniform pressure to seat it.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Tire change – Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Overview
Controls
Other than the warning triangle, the
same tools are arranged somewhat differently in the storage compartment of
the Z3 roadster.
In order to avoid rattling noises later,
note the position of the tools when you
remove them and return them to their
original position when you are through
using them.
> Car jack
Release the Velcro® fastener in the
luggage compartment under the floor
mat.
After use, wind down the jack completely.
Car care
The illustration depicts an example of
the onboard tool kit of the Z3 coupe.
Technology Repairs
What you will need
Data
Z3 coupe
Index
Place the jack on a firm support surface.
Do not place wooden blocks or similar
objects under the jack. If this done, the
jack might not be able to reach its full
support capacity because of the limited
height.
Do not lie under the vehicle or start the
engine when the vehicle is supported
by the jack. This creates the risk of fatal
injury.<
367de685
Safety measures in the event of a
breakdown or flat tire:
Stop the vehicle on a firm, level surface
as far as possible from the flow of
traffic. Turn on the hazard warning
flashers.
Turn the steering wheel to the straightahead position, remove the key and engage the steering lock. Shift into 1st or
reverse (selector lever in "Park" with
automatic transmission) and engage
the parking brake.
All passengers should be outside the
car and well away from your immediate
working area (for instance, behind the
guardrail).
If a warning triangle or portable hazard
warning lamp is available, set it up on
the roadside at an appropriate distance
from the rear of the vehicle. Comply
with all safety guidelines and regulations.
Change the wheel only on a level, firm
surface which is not slippery. Avoid
jacking the car on a soft or slippery
support surface (snow, ice, tiles, loose
gravel, etc.), since it could slide sideways.
155n
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> Wedge (wheel chock)
Next to the jack.
> Lug wrench, centering pin, sparkplug wrench and lifting handle –
In the luggage compartment under
the floor mat.
> Spare tire
Stored under the luggage compartment on the vehicle floor and protected with a storage tray.
Z3 coupe
Remove the spare tire
Z3 coupe:
Remove the floor of the storage compartment (arrow) at the right in the luggage compartment.
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change – Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
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156nTire
Z3 roadster
Z3 roadster:
Loosen the screw connection on the
floor of the storage tray (arrow) at the
right in the luggage compartment and
remove the compartment.
Release the Velcro® fastener and remove the warning triangle.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Tire change – Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Place the hexagon nut in a secure
location.<
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
Left-hand attachment point – arrow 1
Right-hand attachment point – arrow 2
Left-hand attachment point:
Take the lifting handle from the tool kit,
lower it on the rope and fit it on the
hexagon nut. Hold the rope at the top
and unscrew the nut with the lifting
handle.
Data
The spare tire is secured at two mounting points.
Right-hand attachment point:
Place the spark plug wrench on the
hexagon nut and, using the alignment
tool to assist you, loosen the hexagon
nut. Remove the hexagon nut and the
protective cap.
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Index
Raise and secure the floor panel in the
luggage tray.
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
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Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
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Overview
157n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Pull the lifting handle downward until
the spare wheel tray is lifted slightly. At
the same time, compress the locking
spring (arrow). This releases the spare
tire (weight: approx. 8.8 lb./4 kg). The
spare tire must then be held with the
lifting handle.
Using the lifting handle, lower the spare
tire bracket with storage tray and spare
tire and place it on the ground.
Do not put your feet beneath the
rear of the vehicle because the
spare tire could fall as it is being lowered.<
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Pull the storage tray with the spare tire
completely out of the spare tire bracket
toward the rear.
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change – Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
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158nTire
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Lift the spare tire at the front. Lay it
down toward the rear next to the storage tray and with the valve facing upward. Quickly unscrew the valve extension from the valve of the spare tire.
Unscrew the valve cap from the storage
tray and mount it on the spare tire.
When the valve extension is
screwed onto or off of the spare
tire, you may hear a brief hissing as air
escapes.<
The procedure for removing the spare
tire is also illustrated with pictographs
located on the floor mat of the luggage
compartment.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Tire change – Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Controls
Car care
The spare tire is returned to its original
position in the same manner as it is removed, however in the reverse order.
When doing so, make sure that:
> The valve extension is mounted on
the spare tire valve.
> The storage tray is facing toward the
rear (see arrow) with the valve extension pointing to the inside left to ensure that it is possible to check the
tire inflation pressure.
Data
Using the lifting handle, pull the spare
tire bracket upward until the spring retainer catches. Secure the bracket with
the hexagon nut – ensure that it is snug.
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Index
Do not reposition the storage tray
in the spare tire bracket without
the spare tire.<
367de271
There is a plastic bag in the onboard
tool kit. Put the flat tire and the storage
tray into this bag.
1 Secure the vehicle to prevent it from
rolling:
Place the wedge against the rear
surface of the front tire on the side
opposite the side being raised. If
the vehicle is parked on a downward slope, place the wedge securely in front of the tire. If the
wheel must be changed on a surface with a more severe slope, take
additional precautions to secure the
vehicle from rolling.
2 Wheels with full wheel covers *:
Reach into the ventilation openings
and pull the cover off.
3 For wheels equipped with hub covers*: Position a screwdriver in the
slot and pry the hub cover off.
4 Loosen the lug bolts 1/2 turn.
Technology Repairs
Mount the spare tire
The wheel with the flat tire cannot
be placed in the spare tire bracket
in the place of the spare tire.<
Overview
159n
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Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
5 Position the jack on the vehicle:
> Plastic elements are mounted on
the vehicle floorpan for positioning the car jack. These positions
(refer to the arrows) are located
approximately 16 inches (40 cm)
from the front wheel opening and
10 inches (25 cm) from the rear
wheel opening.
> If necessary, remove snow, ice or
mud from the plastic elements.
> Screw the jack arm up until the
car jack just fits under the vehicle.
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
> Position the jack at the jacking
point closest to the flat tire so that
the jack base is vertically below
the jacking point and the entire
surface of the head of the jack will
move squarely into the recess of
the plastic element when the jack
is cranked.
> Crank the jack until the wheel you
are changing is off of the ground.
6 Unscrew the lug bolts and remove
the wheel.
7 Remove accumulations of mud or
dirt from the mounting surfaces of
the wheel and hub. Clean the lug
bolts.
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change – Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
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160nTire
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
8 Take the centering pin from the vehicle tool kit. Insert the centering
pin together with the plastic cap
into one of the bolt sockets.
9 Position the spare wheel and screw
at least two lug bolts into opposite
bolt sockets. Remove the centering
pin.
10 Screw in the remaining lug bolts.
Tighten all the bolts snugly.
11 Lower the jack and remove it from
beneath the car.
12 Tighten the lug bolts in a diagonal
pattern.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Tire change – Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Only one spare tire may be
mounted at any time. Mount a
wheel and tire with the same size and
specifications as the others at the earliest possible opportunity. Maintain the
specified tire pressures. Refer to
page 29.<
Changing a tire, M roadster,
M coupe
The M roadster and M coupe do not
have a jack or lug wrench when they
are shipped from the factory.
Overview
Controls
Be aware that vehicle handling will be
altered. Slower brake response time,
longer braking distances and changed
steering characteristics may be anticipated when approaching limit conditions.
Car care
Drive cautiously and do not exceed a
speed of 50 mph (80 km/h).
Technology Repairs
The vehicle jack is designed for
changing tires only. Do not attempt to lift a different vehicle model or
any other type of load with the jack. To
do so could lead to property damage or
personal injury.
To ensure continued safety, check the
tightness of the lug bolts at the earliest
opportunity (torque specification:
72 ft.lbs [100 Nm]).<
Replace the defective tire as soon as
possible and have the new wheel/tire
balanced.
Driving with the spare tire
Have the winter tires changed at your
BMW center or at a tire service shop.
For changing a flat tire, refer to
page 162.
Data
Use only the full wheel cover installed by the factory. Other wheel
covers may not fit securely. The full
wheel cover may not be installed on the
spare wheel because the cover could
be damaged.<
If light-alloy wheels other than Original
BMW light-alloy wheels have been
mounted, it may be necessary to use
different lug bolts for those wheels.
Index
13 Wheels with full wheel covers:
Place the wheel cover with the valve
opening over the valve. Use both
hands to press the cover securely
onto the rim.
14 Check and correct the air pressure
at the earliest opportunity.
161n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
a flat tire, M roadster, M coupe
Safety measures in the event
of a flat tire:
Stop the vehicle as far as possible from
the flow of traffic. Turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
Engage the steering lock with the
wheels in the straight-ahead position.
Set the parking brake and engage
either first gear or reverse gear.
All passengers should be outside the
car and well away from your working
area (behind a guard rail, for instance).
If a warning triangle or portable hazard
warning lamp is available, set it up on
the roadside at an appropriate distance
from the rear of the vehicle.
Comply with all safety guidelines and
regulations.<
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162nRepairing
The use of the M Mobility System
is not effective if the damaged
area in the tire is larger than approx.
0.15 inches (4 mm). Please consult the
nearest BMW center if the tire cannot
be temporarily repaired with the
M Mobility System or contact BMW
Roadside Assistance at 1-800-3324269.<
M roadster
M Mobility system
In place of a spare tire, the M roadster
and the M coupe have the M Mobility
System.
It is located at the right-rear of the luggage compartment. In the M coupe, it is
below a cover panel. Refer to page 163.
Before using the M Mobility System, carefully read the warning
and danger information on the device.
Always wear the enclosed protective
gloves and the protective goggles. Failure to comply with this information can
lead to risks to personal safety.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Repairing a flat tire, M roadster, M coupe
The system consists of:
1 Grip with button, cable and plug connector for the compressor actuator
igniter.
2 Black connection hose from the compressor to the sealant bottle.
3 Pressure indicator.
4 Clear connection hose from the system to the wheel.
5 Protective goggles.
6 Protective gloves (no illustration).
Controls
If possible, do not remove foreign
objects that have penetrated the
tire.<
1 Remove the maximum speed warning sticker from the top of the device
and affix it to the steering wheel.
2 Remove the cables and hoses from
the device.
3 Put on the protective gloves and
goggles.
4 Connect the black hose (2) to the
connection as shown in the illustration.
Car care
Using the M Mobility system
Technology Repairs
To apply the system, use the grab handle to remove it from the luggage compartment.
Data
1 Fold the luggage compartment floor
mat up.
2 To loosen, turn the four mounting
clips (arrows) of the right-hand trim
panel on the rear wall of the luggage
compartment approx. 1/4 of a turn
with a coin or screwdriver.
3 Pull out the clips and remove the trim
panel.
M roadster, M coupe
Index
Loosen the cover panel, M coupe:
M roadster, M coupe
367de355
M coupe
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367de322
Overview
163n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
M roadster, M coupe
5 Remove the clear hose (4) from the
plastic bag. Unscrew the valve cap
from the tire valve of the wheel with
the defective tire and screw hose (4)
onto the valve.
6 Attach the free end of the clear
hose (4) to the connection on the
device as shown in the illustration.
7 Plug the connector (1) into the cigarette lighter socket in the vehicle's
interior. Refer to page 92.
M roadster, M coupe
8 Press and hold the button for compressor actuation. While doing this,
carefully monitor the pressure indicator. As long as the pressure indicator displays a value between
approx. 75 to 120 psi (517 to
827 kPa), the system is forcing
sealant into the tire.
When the pressure indicator's displayed value falls significantly below approx. 75 to 120 psi (517 to
827 kPa) while the compressor is
actuated, all of the sealant has
been forced into the tire, and air
is flowing in.
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a flat tire, M roadster, M coupe
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164nRepairing
M roadster, M coupe
9 Continue to inflate until the pressure
reaches a reading of 35 psi (250 kP).
This may require several minutes.
10 Release the button to check the tire
inflation pressure that has been
reached.
11 After the tire has been inflated, unplug the connector (1) from the cigarette lighter socket. Remove the
black hose (2) from the device and
detach the clear hose (4) from the
device. To do this, press the outer
ring of the connection toward the
device.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Overview
Controls
Following use of the M Mobility
System, resume driving for a distance of at least 1.2 miles (2 km) so that
You will find corresponding instructions
the sealant will be distributed uniformly
for the use of the M Mobility System on
in the tire. Drive at a speed of at least
the device.
15 mph (20 km/h), but do not exceed
35 mph (60 km/h). Finally, check and
correct the tire inflation pressure as
soon as possible (at the nearest filling
station, for example). Refer to page 29.
If the tire does not retain inflation pressure, do not continue driving. Consult
the nearest BMW center or tire dealer.<
Car care
Please note that the sealant bottle of
the system must be replaced every
three years by your BMW center if the
device is not used.
Technology Repairs
Replace the defective tire as soon as
possible and have the new wheel/tire
balanced. Have the M Mobility System
refilled.
For this, please consult the nearest
BMW center.
Data
12 Then unscrew the clear hose (4)
from the tire valve. Screw the valve
cap back onto the valve.
13 Place the clear hose (4) in the plastic bag and store the M Mobility
System in the luggage compartment.
165n
Index
Repairing a flat tire, M roadster, M coupe
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166nBattery
Maintenance
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe
Z3
d
Z3
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367de335
The battery is completely maintenancefree. That means that the original electrolyte will normally last for the service
life of the battery under moderate climatic conditions.
Symbols
M roadster, M coupe
Installation location, Z3 roadster
and Z3 coupe
Installation location, M roadster
and M coupe
The battery is located in the luggage
compartment under the floor mat.
The battery is located in the luggage
compartment under the floor mat and
a cover.
In order to gain access to the battery,
lift up or remove the floor mat. Unscrew
the nuts on the cover (arrows) and remove the cover.
You will find the following symbols on
your car battery. To avoid injury, please
comply with the corresponding precautions whenever you work with or near
the battery.
Please read the following information before working with the
battery.
Wear eye protection. Do not allow particles containing battery
acid or lead to come into contact with your eyes, your skin, or your
clothing.
Battery acid is extremely corrosive. Wear eye protection and
protective gloves. Do not tip the
battery. Battery acid can leak from the
ventilation openings.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Battery
A highly-explosive gas is gener- The illustration depicts the battery inated when the battery is charged. stallation location in the Z3 roadster as
an example.
If acid is accidentally splashed
into your eyes, rinse them thoroughly for 15 minutes with clear
water. Following that, consult a physician immediately. If acid splashes onto
your skin or clothing, rinse immediately
with ample clean water. If acid is accidentally swallowed, consult a physician immediately.
In order to protect the battery
case from ultraviolet radiation,
do not place it in direct sunlight.
A discharged battery can freeze. Store
the battery in areas where temperature
remains above freezing.
You can read the charge condition of
the battery with the "Magic Eye"
(a hydrometer):
> Green: Adequate charge.
> Black: Not charged adequately.
The battery must be recharged.
Please contact your BMW center.
> Yellow: Replace the battery.
Before performing any work on
the electrical system, disconnect
the cable from the negative terminal. If
you do not, short circuits can create the
risk of fire or personal injury.<
If you plan to park the vehicle for longer
than 4 weeks, disconnect the battery
from the vehicle electrical system by
disconnecting the cable at the negative
terminal. Then recharge the battery with
an appropriate battery charger.
Controls
Car care
Z3 roadster
Charge the battery in the vehicle only
when the engine is off. Charge the battery using the auxiliary jump-start terminal and a ground in the engine compartment (refer to jump-starting on
page 170).
Technology Repairs
Charging the battery
Index
367de337
Do not allow sparks or open
flame near the battery. Do not
smoke near the battery. Avoid
sparks from electrical cables or electrical equipment. Turn the key to position 0 in the steering lock when the battery is disconnected or connected. Do
not short circuit the battery terminals.
This creates a risk of personal injury
from high-voltage sparks.
Charge condition
The projected service life of the
battery can only be reached if the
battery is fully-charged at all times.
Check the charge condition of the battery frequently if the vehicle is used primarily for driving short distances. <
Data
Ensure that children keep well
away from batteries and battery
acid.
Overview
167n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
168nBattery
Return used batteries to a recycling point or your BMW center.
Maintain the battery in an upright position for transport and storage. Secure
the battery against tilting when transporting.<
Removal and installation
Do not disconnect the battery cables when the engine is running.
Disconnecting the battery cables when
the engine is running will cause a voltage surge which will damage the vehicle's onboard electronics.
Do not make any modifications in the
wires leading to the positive terminal. If
you do so, the Battery Safety Terminal's
Z3 coupe
safety function will no longer be guaranteed. Repair and disposal must be per- Z3 coupe: Loosen the screw (arrow) on
formed by trained technicians only.<
the battery safety bar and remove the
bar.
When removing the battery, disconnect
the negative terminal first, then the pos- When installing the battery, connect the
positive terminal first, then connect the
itive terminal.
negative terminal.
Unscrew the battery retaining clamp.
367de336
If you intend to store your car for longer
than twelve weeks: Remove the battery,
charge it and store it in a cool (but frostand dust-free) room. Every three months
and before reinstalling the battery, have
it recharged. If it is not recharged, it
will not be serviceable. Every time the
battery is discharged, especially over
extended periods, its service life is
reduced. Refer also to page 140.
When installing a battery, be sure
that the battery, the safety bar
(Z3 coupe) or the cover (M roadster,
M coupe) are mounted properly. If this
is not done, the battery will not be adequately secured in case of an accident.<
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Fuses
The fuse box (electrical distribution
center), which contains spare fuses,
relays and plastic tweezers, is located
on the left-hand side of the engine
compartment. Refer to page 120 forward.
1 Press the retaining flap in and lift off
the cover.
2 Use the plastic tweezers to remove
the fuse for the accessory or equipment that has stopped working.
3 If the fuse is burned through ("blown"),
the metal strip will have melted and
separated. Replace the blown fuse
with a new fuse of the same ampere
rating (color code).
Controls
Car care
If a fuse burns through again, have the
source of the fault checked and corrected by an BMW center.
Technology Repairs
If an electrical accessory should fail,
switch it off and check the fuse.
Do not attempt to repair a burned
fuse or replace it with a fuse having a different color or amperage rating.
To do this could cause a fire in the vehicle resulting from a circuit overload.<
Data
365de080
When you close the fuse box, be sure
that the cover is seated securely.
Index
A listing of the fuses, their respective
ampere ratings and the equipment in
their circuits is provided on the cover of
the fuse box.
Overview
169n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
170nPower
convertible top*
Fuel filler door
Jump-starting
Z3 roadster, M roadster
Manual closing
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Never use spray starter fluids to start
the engine.
If the battery is discharged, the engine
can be started with the use of two
jumper cables and the battery of
another vehicle. Always use jumper
cables with fully insulated handles on
the terminal clamps.
Z3 roadster
Releasing manually
For roadsters with electrical power con- M roadster, M coupe: Remove the
vertible top*, the convertible top drive
M Mobility System (see page 162) from
unit is located in the luggage compart- the mounting.
ment behind the left side trim panel.
Pull the button at the right in the lugTurn the clip at the top of the trim panel gage compartment sharply (arrow).
to the left or right and swing the trim
Please consult your BMW center to
panel to the side.
have the defect corrected.
Turn the T-pin a half turn to the left
(refer to illustration).
The convertible top drive unit is disengaged and the convertible top can be
operated manually. Refer to page 41.
Please have your BMW center eliminate
the defect and re-engage the drive.
Do not touch voltage-carrying
components when the engine is
running. To do so creates a risk of fatal
injury.<
Carefully comply with the following instructions to avoid personal injury and
damage to one or both vehicles:
1 Ensure that the battery on the support vehicle is also rated at 12 volts,
and that the capacities of the two
batteries (Ah) are roughly comparable
(printed on casing).
2 Leave your battery connected to the
car electrical system.
3 Make sure that there is no contact
between the bodywork of the two
vehicles. This creates the risk of
short-circuiting.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Jump-starting
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
Data
Index
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367de381
6 Start the support vehicle's engine
and let it run.
7 Start the engine on the vehicle needing the jump-start, and allow it to run
as usual. If the first start attempt is
not successful, wait a few minutes
before another attempt in order to
allow the discharged battery to recharge.
8 Before disconnecting the jumper
cables from your BMW, turn on the
lamps, set the blower at the highest
speed and run the engine for at least
4 Start by connecting the jumper cable 5 Then connect the negative terminals.
10 seconds. This will prevent a voltfrom the positive terminal of the supFirst attach the cable to either the
age surge at the voltage regulator.
port vehicle to the positive terminal
support vehicle's negative battery terconnector located in your BMW's enminal (–), or to a suitable ground on its 9 Then disconnect the jumper cables in
reverse sequence.
gine compartment. The cover of the
engine or body. Then connect the
auxiliary terminal for jump-starting is
other terminal of the cable to a ground Depending on the cause of the fault,
recharge the battery.
indicated by a "+" sign. Refer to the
on the engine or on the body of the
illustration. To open the cover on the
vehicle which is to be started. This a
M roadster, fold it forward; fold upspecial nut which is provided on the
ward on the M coupe.
suspension strut dome of the BMW.
The illustration depicts the auxiliary
Refer to the arrow in the illustration.
terminal for jump-starting on the
Z3 roadster and Z3 coupe as an
Follow the same sequence when
example.
connecting jumper cables if you
For the auxiliary terminal to jumpare assisting another vehicle. If you do
start the M roadster and M coupe,
not, there is a risk of personal injury
refer to Engine compartment,
from spark generation at the battery.<
page 122.
Overview
171n
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172nTowing
the vehicle
The towed vehicle should always
be the lighter of the two vehicles.
If this is not the case, it will not be possible to control vehicle handling.<
Tow fitting
The screw-in tow fitting is stored in the
onboard tool kit; be sure that it remains
in the vehicle at all times. This fitting
is designed for installation in the tow
sockets located at the front and rear of
the vehicle, and is intended for towing
on paved road surfaces only.
It should not be used to pull a vehicle
out of deep snow, mud, sand, etc.
Comply with all applicable towing laws
and regulations at all times.
Access to tow sockets
Front:
Use a screwdriver to press the cover
out.
367de376
367de375
Tow-starting
Rear:
Use a screwdriver to press the cover
out.
It is better to start the vehicle's engine
by jump starting. For instructions on
jump-starting, refer to page 170.
Never attempt to use your vehicle to
push another vehicle. This could result
in damage to the energy-absorbing
bumpers.
Screw the tow fitting in until it is
tight against the stop. If you do
not, the threads can be damaged.
Do not tow the vehicle by any components of the running gear, or lash them
down in any way. If you do so, the components could be damaged, leading to
possible accidents.<
Use only a nylon towing strap to tow
the vehicle, since the inherent resilience of this material helps protect both
vehicles from sudden jerking movements.
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Towing the vehicle
173n
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
Data
Find some means of identifying the vehicle in tow. Place a sign or warning tri- Towing with a commercial tow
truck
angle in the rear window, for instance.
> Do not tow with sling-type
equipment.
Even when the electrical system
has failed, make sure that the igni- > Use a wheel-lift or flatbed equipment.
tion key remains in position 1 to prevent > Comply with applicable towing laws.
the steering lock from engaging.
Never allow passengers to ride in
The steering and brakes are without
a towed vehicle for any reason.
power assist when the engine is off.
Never attach tie-down hooks, chains,
This means that increased effort is restraps, or tow hooks to tie rods, control
quired for steering and braking.<
arms, or any other part of the vehicle
suspension, as severe damage to these
components will occur, leading to possible accidents.<
Index
367us124
1 Place the shift lever into "Neutral."
2 Leave the ignition key at position 1 to
ensure that the brake lamps, turn
signals, horn and windshield wipers
remain operational and to prevent the
steering lock from engaging.
3 Switch on the hazard-warning system
(comply with applicable legal regulations).
Overview
Towing a vehicle with automatic
transmission
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174n
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Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Owner service procedures
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Advanced technology:
Adaptive Transmission Control
(ATC) 176
Airbags 176
Automatic Stability Control plus
Traction ASC+T/Dynamic
Stability Control DSC 177
Radio reception 177
Safety belt tensioner 178
Inside rearview mirror with
automatic dimmer 178
Limited slip differential 179
Overview
175n
Technology
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
176nATC*
Airbags
For vehicles with automatic transmission, Adaptive Transmission Control
(ATC) makes the optimum gear selection based on a number of factors. This
system reacts to your individual driving
style and the current driving conditions.
The ATC recognizes your individual
driving style from the positions and
movements of the accelerator pedal,
delays during braking, and the vehicle's
lateral acceleration when cornering.
ATC makes the appropriate selection
from different shift characteristics
which range from comfort-oriented to
performance-oriented.
390de012
367us358
In order to take driving conditions into
account, ATC registers corners and
road gradients. In order to exploit
power reserves more fully, the transmission does not shift up until higher
engine speeds are reached if you maintain speed through a curve.
Deceleration sensors continuously
monitor the physical forces acting upon
the vehicle. In the event of a severe
frontal impact, the gas generators of
the driver-side and passenger-side airbags are ignited simultaneously. However, the passenger-side airbag is only
triggered if an additional sensor has
recognized that the passenger seat is
occupied.
In the event of a side collision, only side
airbags are triggered if necessary.
Only the side airbag located on the collision side is triggered.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
The entire process is completed within
one twentieth of a second.
In addition, DSC permanently monitors
the vehicle's current operating condition and compares it with an ideal condition that is calculated from the sensor's signals. If deviations from this
occur (understeering or oversteering,
for instance), DSC can stabilize the
vehicle in fractions of a second by reducing engine output and with the
assistance of braking intervention at individual wheels. As a result, dangerous
skids can be prevented even as they
are just beginning.
You may need some time to become
accustomed to this system's intervention. However, it provides optimum
propulsive force and driving stability.
The braking intervention may be accompanied by a certain degree of
noise.
Overview
Controls
If differences in the wheel speeds occur, the system counteracts the danger
of wheelspin by reducing the torque
flow. If necessary, the system also responds with additional braking intervention at all four wheels.
The AM frequency bands (mediumwave, long-wave and short-wave) make
it possible to receive stations from a
great distance, because the broadcast
signals travel not only along the ground
as surface waves, but also as atmospheric waves that are reflected from the
ionosphere.
Frequency-modulation (FM) provides
substantially better sound quality than
AM. However, because FM transmissions rely on line-of-sight broadcast
waves, their effective reception range
is limited.
The limitations which are inherent to radio reception in a moving vehicle have
been minimized by the use of innovative systems.
Car care
Because the inflation process must be
virtually instantaneous, it is necessarily
accompanied by a certain amount of
ignition and inflation noise. The gas
required to inflate the airbags is not
dangerous, and it dissipates together
with the associated smoke.
Technology Repairs
Precision sensors monitor the number
of revolutions of the wheels. When
equipped with DSC, they also monitor
steering angle, lateral acceleration,
brake pressure and the movement of
the vehicle around its vertical axis.
177n
Data
The airbags located under the marked
covers inflate and unfold in a matter of
a few milliseconds. In this process they
tear through the designed breaking
points of the upholstered covers or
press them out.
Radio reception
Index
ASC+T/DSC*
365de062
Airbags
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178nSafety
belt tensioner
Inside rearview mirror with automatic dimmer*
The safety belt tensioner responds to
severe collisions by tightening the belts
to ensure that occupants remain firmly
positioned in their seats. A gas-pressure system retracts the buckle assembly to tension the shoulder and lap belts
within fractions of a second. This tends
to reduce the tendency to slide under
the lap belt even more.
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The semisolid reacts chemically to this
electrical current, thus providing infinitely-variable dimming of the mirror
(electrochromic technology).
As a result, it is no longer necessary to
dim the mirror manually, and the driver
can concentrate completely on traffic
conditions.
The interior rearview mirror with automatic dimming feature reduces glare
from following traffic by adapting the intensity of the reflected images to correspond to levels of light registered by
the unit's sensors. The mirror reverts to
its undimmed setting as soon as the
light source disappears. One light sensor is mounted on the front of the mirror
housing. This sensor, which is directed
forward, measures light intensity in the
area ahead of the vehicle. A second
light sensor is located on the lower
edge of the mirror. The electronic control system compares the light intensity
from front and rear. The difference provides the basic parameter used to modulate an electrical current and induce
chemical changes in a semisolid layer
incorporated in the lens.
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Limited slip differential*
Overview
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
The limited slip differential is automatically activated under actual driving
conditions.
Data
Under actual driving conditions, this
means better traction characteristics
when starting and accelerating under
adverse road conditions as described
as well as during performance-oriented
driving on winding roads.
However, in the case of extremely dynamic driving, the vehicle may tend at
the same time to spin around its vertical
axis in the vehicle center of gravity on
road surfaces with different adhesion
characteristics. Controlling this rotation
tendency places greater demands on
the driver and therefore requires special
alertness.
Index
With unfavorable road conditions, the
drive forces that should be transferred
may not accommodated by the traditional differential, and therefore one
wheel spins. Such wheelspin is largely
prevented by the limited slip differential
(locking value approx. 25 X).
179n
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180n
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Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Owner service procedures
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Engine specifications 182
Dimensions 183
Weights 184
Capacities 185
Electrical system 186
Drive belts 186
Overview
181n
Data
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
182nEngine
specifications
Z3 roadster 2.3
Z3 roadster 2.8,
Z3 coupe 2.8
M roadster,
M coupe
Displacement
Number of cylinders
cu in (cm3)
152.2 (2,494)
6
170.4 (2,793)
6
192.3 (3,152)
6
Max. output
at engine speed
hp
rpm
170
5,500
193
5,500
240
6,000
Max. torque
at engine speed
lb-ft (Nm)
rpm
181 (245)
3,500
206 (280)
3,500
236 (320)
3,800
Compression ratio
e
10.5
10.2
10.5
Stroke
Bore
in (mm)
in (mm)
2.95 (75.0)
3.31 (84.0)
3.31 (84.0)
3.31 (84.0)
3.53 (89.6)
3.40 (86.4)
Fuel-injection system
Digital-electronic Engine Management system
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Dimensions
in (mm)
159.4 (4,050)
158.5 (4,025)
Width
in (mm)
68.5 (1,740)
68.5 (1,740)
Height (unloaded)
in (mm)
50.9 (1,293)
51.4 (1,306)
Wheelbase
in (mm)
96.3 (2,446)
96.3 (2,446)
Track, front
in (mm)
55.6 (1,413)
55.6 (1,413)
Track, rear
in (mm)
58.8 (1,494)
58.8 (1,494)
Min. turning circle dia.
ft (m)
32.8 (10.0)
32.8 (10.0)
M roadster
M coupe
Length
in (mm)
158.5 (4,025)
158.5 (4,025)
Width
in (mm)
68.5 (1,740)
68.5 (1,740)
Height (unloaded)
in (mm)
49.8 (1,266)
50.4 (1,280)
in (mm)
96.8 (2,459)
96.8 (2,459)
Track, front
in (mm)
56.0 (1,422)
56.0 (1,422)
Track, rear
in (mm)
58.7 (1,492)
58.7 (1,492)
Min. turning circle dia.
ft (m)
34.1 (10.4)
34.1 (10.4)
Index
Data
Wheelbase
Controls
Length
Car care
Z3 coupe 2.8
Technology Repairs
Z3 roadster 2.3, 2.8
Overview
183n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
184nWeights
Z3 roadster 2.3
Z3 roadster 2.8
Z3 coupe 2.8
Curb weight (with one person, ready for operation, full tank of fuel, options not included)
with manual transmission
lbs. (kg)
2,899 (1,315)
2,910 (1,320)
with automatic transmission
lbs. (kg)
2,987 (1,355)
2,998 (1,360)
2,943 (1,335)
3,031 (1,375)
Approved gross vehicle weight
with manual transmission
with automatic transmission
lbs. (kg)
lbs. (kg)
3,450 (1,565)
3,538 (1,605)
3,461 (1,570)
3,549 (1,610)
3,494 (1,585)
3,582 (1,625)
Approved front axle weight
lbs. (kg)
1,830 (830)
1,830 (830)
1,830 (830)
Approved rear axle weight
lbs. (kg)
1,918 (870)
1,918 (870)
1,918 (870)
Approved maximum roof load
lbs. (kg)
77 (35)
77 (35)
165 (75)
Luggage compartment capacity
cu ft (liters)
5.8 (165)
5.8 (165)
7.2-14.3 (205-405)
M roadster
M coupe
Curb weight (with one person, ready for operation, full tank of fuel, options not included)
with manual transmission
lbs. (kg)
3,086 (1,400)
3,131 (1,420)
with automatic transmission
lbs. (kg)
–
–
Approved gross vehicle weight
with manual transmission
with automatic transmission
lbs. (kg)
lbs. (kg)
3,638 (1,650)
–
3,682 (1,670)
–
Approved front axle weight
lbs. (kg)
1,808 (820)
1,874 (850)
Approved rear axle weight
lbs. (kg)
1,918 (870)
1,962 (890)
Approved maximum roof load
lbs. (kg)
77 (35)
165 (75)
Luggage compartment capacity
cu ft (liters)
5.8 (165)
7.2-13.9 (205-395)
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Capacities
approx. 13.5 (approx. 51)
approx. 2.1 (approx. 8.0)
Windshield washer system/
Headlamp washer system
quarts (liters)
approx. 5.3 (approx. 5.0)
Cooling system including heater circuit
quarts (liters)
11.1 (10.5) – Z3 roadster 2.3,
Z3 roadster 2.8,
Z3 coupe 2.8
11.4 (10.8) – M roadster,
M coupe
For details: Page 128
Engine oil and filter change
quarts (liters)
6.9 (6.5)
Approved HD oil for gasoline
engines
Specifications: Page 126
For details: Page 124
–
quarts (liters)
–
1.5 (1.4)
Lifetime fluid, no fluid change
required.
– Z3 roadster 2.3,
Z3 roadster 2.8,
Z3 coupe 2.8
– M roadster,
M coupe
Lifetime fluid, no fluid change
required.
Approved hypoid gear oil
(any BMW center can provide
information on oil specifications)
Data
Manual transmission, automatic
transmission
– Z3 roadster 2.3,
Z3 roadster 2.8,
Z3 coupe 2.8
– M roadster,
M coupe
Index
6.3 (6.0)
Differential
Fuel specification: Page 28
Controls
gal. (liters)
gal. (liters)
Car care
Fuel tank
reserve
Technology Repairs
Notes
Overview
185n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
186nElectrical
system
Drive belts
Battery
Z3 roadster 2.3, 2.8, Z3 coupe 2.8:
12 V, 70 Ah
Spark plugs
AC alternator – Water pump – Power
steering
Drive belt, 6 PK x 1538
Z3 roadster, Z3 coupe:
NGK BKR 6 EQUP
A/C compressor
Drive belt, 5 PK x 906
M roadster, M coupe:
Bosch FGR 8 KQC
M roadster, M coupe:
This spark ignition system meets all
requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations
(ICES-2).
You can obtain Original BMW
Parts and Accessories, as well as
professional advice from your BMW
center.<
AC alternator – Water pump – Power
steering
Drive belt, 6 K x 1515
Compressor for air conditioning system and secondary air pump
Drive belt, 5 PK x 1125
Secondary air pump (without air conditioner) Drive belt, 5 K x 785
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Index
Data
Technology Repairs
Car care
Controls
Overview
187n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
188n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Controls and features
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Overview
Car care
Everything from A to Z 190
Owner service procedures 195
Overview
189n
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Owner service procedures
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Index
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
A
ABS (Antilock Brake
System) 101
Accessories 6
Adaptive Transmission
Control (ATC) 63, 176
Adding engine oil 125
Adding washer fluid 124
Adjusting the backrest 51
Adjusting the washer
nozzles 124
Air conditioner 86
Air distribution 82, 86
Air outlets 80
Air pressure 29, 110
Air vents 84
Airbags 23, 55, 139, 176
Airflow rate 82, 86
All Season Traction (AST)/
(ASC+T) 76, 177
Analog clock 71, 72
Antenna 107
Antifreeze 129
Antifreeze protection,
radiator 105, 128
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) 101
Anti-theft protection 36
Approved gross vehicle
weight 184
Aquaplaning 99, 110
Ashtray 91
Automatic car wash 132
Automatic cruise control 68
Automatic rear window
washer 66
Automatic transmission 63
Automatic windshield
washer 66
Average fuel consumption 75
Average speed 75
Axle weights 184
B
Backup lamps 62
Bulb
replacement 149, 150
Battery 166, 186
Capacity 186
Charge condition 167
Charging 167
Discharged 170
Removal and
installation 168
Battery change, keys 154
Battery Safety Terminal
(BST) 168
Body-cavity protectant 135
Brake fluid 130
Brake hydraulic system 22
Brake lamps, bulb
replacement 149, 150
Brake pads 24
Brakes 103
Break-in 98
Breaking in the vehicle 98
Bulb replacement 147
C
Capacities 185
Car care, exterior 132
Car care, interior 137
Car keys 34
Car radio
refer to the separate
Owner's Manual
Car radio
reception 107, 177
Car wash 132, 134
Care, exterior 136
Care, interior 137
Cargo loading 94
Caring for the vehicle
finish 136
Cassette mode
refer to the Radio Owner's
Manual
Catalytic converter 100
Cellular phone 107
refer to the separate
Owner's Manual
Center (high-mount) brake
lamp 151, 152
Central locking system 36
Changing a tire 155
Charge condition of the
battery 167
Charge indicator light 22
Chassis number 130
Checking oil level 125
Checking tire
pressure 29, 110
Child restraints
Installation 58
Cigarette lighter 92
Clearing fogged
windows 83, 88
Clock 71, 72
Cockpit 16
Code
refer to the Radio Owner's
Manual
Cold start 60
Compartments 90
Computer 73
Connecting a car vacuum
cleaner 92
Controls 16
Convertible top care 134
Convertible top
operation 41, 45
Coolant 105, 129
Coolant temperature 70
Coolant, antifreeze
protection 105
Cover 42, 47
Cruise control 68
Cruising range 75
Curb weight 184
Everything from A to Z
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
I
Gasoline 28
Glass sunroof 40
Glove compartment 90
Grilles 80, 84
Gross vehicle weight 184
Ice warning 74
Identification number of the
vehicle 130
Identification, tires 114
Ignition key 34
Controls
G
Failure of an electrical
accessory 169
Fan 82, 86
Filler cap cover 27
Filling the washer
reservoir 124
Car care
F
Hardtop 108
Hazard warning system 26
Hazard warning triangle 26
Head restraints 51
Headlamp cleaning
system 124
Headlamp cover,
care 133, 147
Headlamp flasher 65
Headlamp washers 67
Heated seats 89
Heating and
ventilation 80, 84
Heat-up, rapid 83, 88
Height 183
Height adjustment, seats 50
Help with jump starting 170
High beams 25, 65
Highbeam headlights
Bulb replacement 147
High-performance synthetic
oils 126
Horn 17
Hubcap 159
Technology Repairs
Filling the windshield washer
reservoir 124
First-aid kit 27
Fittings for tow-starting and
towing 172
Flat tire 111
Flat tire, M roadster,
M coupe 162
Fog lamps 78
Folding top 41
Footbrake 103
Front fog lamps 78
Bulb replacement 149
Frost protection,
radiator 105
Fuel 28
Fuel filler door
Emergency operation 170
Fuel gauge 69
Fuel quality, M roadster,
M coupe 28
Fuel quality, Z3 roadster,
Z3 coupe 28
Fuel tank capacity 185
Fuses 169
H
Electric convertible top
operation 45
Electric power windows 39
Electrical system 186
Electronic immobilizer 35
Emergency operation
Convertible top 170
Doors 36
Fuel filler door 170
Luggage compartment
lid 38
Engine compartment 120
Engine coolant 129
Engine knock control 28
Engine oil grades 126
Engine oil level 23, 24
Engine oil pressure 22
Engine oil temperature 71
Engine oil temperature
gauge 71
Engine output 182
Engine specifications 182
Estimated cruising range 75
Exterior finish 135
Data
E
Dashboard 16
Data link connector for
Onboard Diagnostics 142
Date
refer to the Radio Owner's
Manual
Daytime-driving lamps 77
Deep water 99
Defrost position 83, 88
Defroster, rear window 67
Defrosting windows 83, 88
Digital clock 72
Dimensions 183
Dipstick, engine oil 125
Dirty spots on
paintwork 135
Disc brakes 103
Displacement 182
Display lighting 77
Displays 18, 20
Door key 34
Doors
Manual operation 36
Unlocking and locking 36
DOT Quality Grades 111
Drive belts 186
Driving through water 99
DSC (Dynamic Stability
Control) 76, 177
Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) 76, 177
Index
D
Overview
191n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
Ignition switch 59
Indicator lamps 22
Inflation pressures 29, 110
INSPECTION 70
Instrument cluster 18, 20
Instrument lighting 77
Instrument panel lighting 77
Instruments 18, 20
Interior lamps 78
Bulb replacement 153
Interior rearview mirror 52
Interlock 59
Intermittent wipe switch 66
J
Jack 155
K
Keys 34
Kickdown 64
L
Lamp switch 77
Lashing eyes 94
Leather care 138
Length 183
License plate lamps
Bulb
replacement 152, 153
Light-alloy wheel 116
LIGHTS ON warning 77
Limited slip differential 178
Load-securing devices 94
Lock buttons 37
Locks, care 105
Low beam headlamps 77
Bulb replacement 147
Low-fuel indicator lamp 69
Lug bolts 159, 160
Lug wrench 156
Luggage compartment 38
Capacity 184
Locking separately 38
Manual operation 38
Luggage compartment lamp
Bulb replacement 153
Luggage compartment
lid 38
Manual operation 38
Luggage net 93
M
M + S tires 115
M Mobility System 162
Magic Eye
refer to Battery charge
condition 167
Maintenance 131
Malfunction, cellular
telephone 107
Manual operation
Convertible top 41
Doors 36
Luggage compartment
lid 38
Manual transmission 62
Mirror defrosting 51
Mirrors 51
Mobile phones 107
Mobile telephone
refer to the separate
Owner's Manual
Modifications,
technical 6, 141
Multifunction switch 65
N
Net 93
Non-smoker's equipment
package 92
Notes on driving 99
O
OBD data link
connector 142
Odometer 69
Oil additives 125
Oil change intervals, refer to
the Service and Warranty
Information Booklet (US
models) or the Warranty
and Service Guide
(Canadian models)
Oil consumption 125
Oil dipstick 125
Oil grades 126
Oil level, indicator
lamp 23, 24
Oil pressure, indicator
lamp 22
Oil temperature 71
OILSERVICE 70
Old batteries 168
Onboard computer 73
Onboard tool kit 146
Opening and closing
From outside 36
From the inside 37
Operation 140
Output 182
Outside mirrors 51
Outside temperature in the
onboard computer 74
P
Paint damage 136
Paint, protection 136
Parking brake 23, 61
Parking lamps 77
Parking, winter 106
Please wear your safety belt
warning lamp 23
Position lamps
Bulb replacement 148
Power seat adjustment 50
Power steering 106
Pressure, tires 29, 110
Protection, paint 136
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
T
Tachometer 69
Tail lamp assembly, bulb
replacement 149, 150
Tail lamps 149, 150
Taillights 149, 150
Tank capacity 185
Technical Data 181
Technical
modifications 6, 141
Telephone
refer to the separate
Owner's Manual
Temperature display, engine
coolant 70
Temperature display, engine
oil 71
Overview
Controls
Temperature display,
outside temperature 74
Temperature
layering 82, 87
Third brake lamp 151, 152
Tire codes 114
Tire condition 110
Tire damage 110
Tire failure, Z3 roadster,
Z3 coupe 155
Tire inflation
pressures 29, 110
Tire replacement 112
Tire rotation between front
and rear 113
Tire size 116
Tire tread 110
Tools 146
Torque 182
Tow fittings 172
Towing 172
Tow-starting 172
Track width 183
Traction control system
refer to ASC+T/DSC 76
Transmission 62, 63
Tread depth, tires 110
Trip odometer 69
Trunk
Capacity 184
Turn signals 25, 65
Bulb replacement 148, 149, 150
Car care
Starting assistance 170
Starting problems 60, 100, 170, 172
Starting the engine 60
Steel wheel 116
Steering 106
Steering wheel lock 59
Storage boxes 90
Storage trays 90
Storing the vehicle 140
Summer tires 114
Sunroof 40
Switching off the engine 61
Symbols 4, 166
Technology Repairs
Safety belt tensioner 178
Safety belts 53
Seat adjustment 50
Seat heaters 89
Securing cargo 94
Selector lever, automatic
transmission 63
Separation net 93
Service and Warranty
Information Booklet
(US models) 132
Service Interval
Display 70, 131
Set temperature 82, 86
Shiftlock 63
Side airbags 55
Side marker lamps
Bulb replacement 149, 150, 151
Skid control 106
Slippery roads 105
Snow chains 105, 115
Socket 92
Spare keys 34
Spare tire 156
Spare wheel 156
Spark plugs 186
Special oils 126
Speed control 68
Speedometer 18, 20
Starting 60
Data
S
Radio
refer to the separate
Owner's Manual
Radio reception 177
Reading lamps 79
Rear window defroster 67
Rear window wiper 66
Wiper blade
replacement 146
Rearview mirrors 51
Recirculated air mode 86
Refueling 27
Releasing the hood 119
Remote control for onboard
computer 73
Replacement, tires 111
Replacing windshield wiper
blades 146
Reporting Safety Defects 7
Reservoir, washer
system 124
Restraint systems 56, 57
Reverse gear 62
Rims 114
Roll-up cover 93
Roof load capacity 184
Roof rack 95
Rubber seals and
components 105, 137
Index
R
193n
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
Turning circle 183
Two-way radios 107
U
Uniform Tire Quality
Grading 112
Upholstery care 138
V
Valve caps 114
Vanity mirrors 52
Vehicle battery 166, 186
Vehicle Identification
Number 130
Vehicle immobilizer 35
Vehicle storage 140
Velour care 138
Ventilation 80, 82, 84, 87
Ventilation outlets,
ventilation 80, 84
Ventilation, draft-free 82, 87
Vents 80, 84
Vinyl upholstery, care 137
Viscosity 126
Voltmeter 71
Warranty and Service Guide
(Canadian models) 132
Washing your car 132
Weights 184
Wheelbase 183
Wheels and tires 114, 116
Width 183
Wind blocker
refer to the separate
Owner's Manual
Windows, convenience
closing mode 36
Windshield washer
nozzles 124
Windshield wipers 66
Winter driving 105
Winter tires 115
Wiper/Washer system 66
Wipers 66
Working in the engine
compartment 119
W
Warm feet – cool
head 82, 87
Warning lamps 22
Warning triangle 26
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Owner service procedures
Backup lamps
Bulb replacement 149, 150
Battery change, keys 154
Battery charge
condition 167
Battery, discharged 170
Brake lamps
Bulb replacement 149, 150
Brakes, malfunctions 104
Bulb replacement 147
C
Changing a tire, M roadster,
M coupe 161
Changing a tire, Z3 roadster,
Z3 coupe 155
Defrosting windows 83, 88
Difficult steering 106
Doors, manual operation 36
E
Electrical defect
Convertible top 170
Fuel filler door 170
Emergency operation
Convertible top 170
Doors 36
Fuel filler door 170
Luggage compartment
lid 38
Engine oil grades 126
H
Hazard warning flashers 26
Hazard warning triangle 26
Headlamp cover,
care 133, 147
High beams
Bulb replacement 147
Hood release 119
I
Indicator lamps 22
Inflation pressures 29
Interior lamps, bulb
replacement 153
F
Failure of an electrical
accessory 169
J
L
License plate lamps
Bulb replacement 152, 153
Low beam headlamps
Bulb replacement 147
Lug wrench 156
Luggage compartment lamp
Bulb replacement 153
Luggage compartment lid,
manual operation 38
M
M Mobility System 162
Maintenance 70, 131
Manual operation
Convertible top 41
Doors 36
Luggage compartment
lid 38
Master key, battery
change 154
O
Overview
Key, battery change 154
Controls
K
Car care
D
B
Filling the windshield washer
reservoir 124
First-aid kit 27
Fittings, tow-starting and
towing 172
Flat tire, M roadster,
M coupe 162
Flat tire, Z3 roadster,
Z3 coupe 155
Front fog lamps
Bulb replacement 149
Fuel filler door, electrical
defect 170
Technology Repairs
Charge condition of the
battery 167
Charging the battery 167
Checking oil level 125
Checking tire
pressure 29, 110
Clear fogged
windows 83, 88
Convertible top, electrical
defect 170
Data
Adding brake fluid 130
Adding coolant 129
Adding engine coolant 129
Adding oil 125
Adding washer fluid 124
Adjusting washer
nozzles 124
Air pressure 110
Antifreeze protection,
radiator 129
Oil grades 126
Onboard tool kit 146
Index
A
195n
Jump-starting 170
Owner service procedures
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Owner service procedures
P
T
Position lamps
Bulb replacement 148
Pressure, tires 29, 110
Tail lamp assembly
Bulb replacement 149, 150
Tail lamps
Bulb replacement 149, 150
Thaw windows 83, 88
Tire change 155, 161
Tire damage 110
Tire inflation
pressures 29, 110
Tools 146
Tow fittings 172
Towing 172
Tow-starting 172
Turn signals
Bulb replacement 148, 149, 150
R
Rear lamps 149, 150
Rear window wiper, wiper
blade replacement 146
Releasing the hood 119
Repairing a flat tire,
M roadster, M coupe 162
Replacement key 34
Replacing fuses 169
Reservoir, washer
system 124
S
Side marker lamps
Bulb replacement 149, 150, 151
Snow chains 105, 115
Spare key 34
Spare tire 156
Spare wheel 156
Starting assistance 170
Starting difficulties 170
Starting
problems 60, 100, 172
U
Use of antifreeze 129
W
Warning lamps 22
Windshield wiper blade
replacement 146
Wiper blade replacement 146
Working in the engine
compartment 119
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
Refueling
So that you will have important
specifications available when you
stop to refuel, we recommend that
you supplement this table with data
which apply to your vehicle.
Fuel
Designation
AKI: minimum
AKI: for rated performance
AKI: for enhanced
performance
Engine oil
Quality
The space between the two marks on
the dipstick corresponds to approx.
1.1 US quarts (1 liter).
Tire inflation pressure
Summer
Front
Rear
Winter
Front
Rear
1 – 2 passengers
2 passengers plus luggage
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG
01 41 0 155 149 US En
We wish you an enjoyable
driving experience.
The Ultimate Driving Machine
Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 0 155 149 - © 08/99 BMW AG