Artisan Technology Group Quest 210 Specifications

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QUESTGASEOUS
REACTION
AND
CONCENTRATION
MANIFOLD
PN 103952
Rev 1.0
28 October 1999
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Quest"
Gaseous Reaction & Concentration Manifold
- User Manual
Part Number 103952
Revision 1.0 28 October 1999
Copyright 0 1999 by Argonaut Technologies
All rights reserved.
Argonaut Technologies
887 Industrial Rd., Suite G
San Carlos, C A 94070
Printed in the United States.
The information in this document has been carefully checked and is
believed to be entirely reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed for
inaccuracies. Statements in this document are not intended to create any
warranty, expressed or implied. Argonaut reserves the right to make
changes in any products herein to improve reliability, function, or design.
Argonaut does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use
of any product described herein; neither does it convey any license under
its patent rights nor the rights of others. Inclusion in this document does not
imply that any particular feature is standard on the instrument. The
information in this document is subject to change at any time.
Quest and w r i t are registered trademarks of Argonaut Technologies, Inc.
Teflon is a registered trademark of DuPont. Tygon is a registered trademark
of Norton Performance Plastics. Other product names in this document are
registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective holders.
G R C M - U s e r .Manual
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Limited Warranty
All individual instrument parts, consumables and the like are subject to the
provisions of the Seller Limited Ninety (90) Days Warranty as outlined
below. Resin consumable products or the like are only warranted to
conform to the quantity and content stated on the label at the time of
delivery. All instrument system products are provided subject to the
provisions of the SELLER Limited One (1) Year Warranty, a copy of which
is available to Buyer and which is incorporated herein in its entirety by this
reference.
SELLER'S LIMITED NINETY (90) DAYS WARRANTY IS
EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU O F A L L OTHER WARRANTIES, A N D
SELLER MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES, E X P R E S S O R
IMPLIED, EITHER IN FACT OR B Y OPERATION O F LAW,
STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, AND SELLER EXPRESSLY
EXCLUDES AND DISCLAIMS A N Y WARRANTY O F
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Limitation of Liability
Buyer agrees that SELLER'S liability to Buyer in any way connected with
the sale and/or license of products or services to Buyer, regardless of the
form of action, shall in no event exceed the price paid by Buyer for such
products or services. Under no circumstances will SELLER be liable for
any damages resulting from SELLER'S failure to meet any delivery
schedule, even if SELLER has been advised of the possibility of such
damages. IN NO EVENT WILL SELLER BE LIABLE F O R C O S T S O F
PROCUREMENT O F SUBSTITUTE PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, LOST
PROFITS, OR ANY SPECIAL INDIRECT, C O N S E Q U E N T I A L O R
GRCM
- User Manual
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INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, HOWEVER CAUSED A N D O N A N Y
THEORY O F LIABILITY, ARISING IN A N Y WAY O U T O F T H E SALE
AND/OR LICENSE O F PRODUCTS OR SERVICES T O BUYER. THIS
LIMITATION S H A L L APPLY EVEN IF SELLER HAS BEEN ADVISED
O F T H E POSSIBILITY O F S U C H DAMAGES A N D
NOTWITHSTANDING ANY FAILURE O F ESSENTIAL PURPOSE O F
A N Y LIMITED REMEDY.
Exclusions
This limited warranty covers normal use. Exclusions from this limited
warranty may include:
Servicing or modification by anyone other than a qualified Argonaut
Technologies Service Representative;
Non-conformance to recommended instrument operating procedures as
noted throughout this manual;
Failure to perform routine preventative maintenance;
Any natural disaster, including earthquake, lightning, tornado, flood, or
fire; electrical surges or the use of improper power sources.
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Warranty
Argonaut Warranty Agreement
Limited Warranty
Limitation of Liability
Exclusions
Contents
Introduction
Overview
Interference Information
Year 2000 Software and Firmware Compliance
Safety
User Attention Words
Warning Labels
System Safety
Safety Equipment
Operating Environment
R V Sealing Capabilities
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
GRCM Installation
List Of Parts
Components and Parts Supplied by Argonaut
GRCM
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Parts Supplied by User
Overview
Installation Steps
Control Box
Gas Delivery Manifold
Solvent Trap Manifold
Expansion Kit
Gas Delivery Manifold
Solvent Trap Manifold
4 Using the GRCM
Hydrogenation
Concentration By Evaporation
Cleaning the G R C M
Gas Delivery Manifold
Using the Quest 210
Using the Quest ASW
Female Luers on the Quest Lower Manifold
A Service
Contact Information
B List Of Components
Basic G R C M
Expansion Kit
Index
GRCM
- User Munuul
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OVERVIEW
1 1 # # 1 l 1 # 1 1 1 1 # 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 # l l # 1 ~ # I I I # I # I I I I # # 1 1 1 8 1 1 # 1 ~ ~ # 1 #
The QuestTMGaseous Reaction and Concentration Manifold ( G R C M ) is
designed for use on the Quest 210 S L N organic synthesizer, and on the
standard Quest 210 with the Lower Manifold Luer Upgrade.
The GRCM enables gaseous reactions (e.g., hydrogenation, carbonylation,
etc.) and sparging to be to be carried out. It also enables products to be
concentrated and evaporated directly, simplifying solvent exchanges and
the transition from synthesis to purification.
The GRCM consists of the following components:
Control Box. The control box has two gas inputs, a three position valve, a
pressure gauge, and two gas outlets each with a needle valve to regulate gas
flow. The gas supplies for concentration and gaseous reactions connect to the
control box. The User selects either gas input 1, gas input 2, or closed using the
three-way valve. One gas outlet connects to the gas delivery manifold via 118"
Teflon tubing, and the other is for use with an additional gas delivery manifold.
Gas Delivery Manifold. The gas delivery manifold attaches to the Quest 210
lower manifold luers and delivers gas to the reaction vessels. The delivery
manifold has a gas input, a manifold to distribute gas to 10 reaction vessels, and
10 gas outlets with female luers which mate with the male hers of the Quest 210
lower manifold. Each gas outlet has a check-valve to prevent its reaction vessel
from draining while allowing gas delivery.
Solvent Trap Manifold. The solvent trap manifold attaches to the Quest 210
upper manifold and vents the reaction vessels during concentration. The solvent
trap manifold has a port for each reaction vessel, a manifold to collect the exiting
gas, and an outlet which connects to a solvent trap.
The GRCM can be used to concentrate or add a gaseous reagent to a single
bank of ten Quest reaction vessels (10 RVs) and has a maximum operating
pressure of 10 psig (1.69 barr).
An Expansion Kit is available which provides additional delivery and
solvent trap manifolds to expand the number of parallel concentrations and
gaseous reactions to twenty (20 RVs).
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INTERFERENCE INFORMATION
1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I 1 a I 1 I I I I I I I $ I m I 1 I I l 1 1 1 I ,
This equipment does not generate or use radio frequency energy.
YEAR 2000 SOFTWARE AND FIRMWARE
COMPLIANCE
1 1 l 1 I l 1 I 1 I f 1 I 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 I l I I 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I 1 1 1 I
The Gaseous Reaction and Concentration Manifold has no related software
or firmware. For a detailed Year 2000 Compliance Report, please contact
the Argonaut Technologies office listed in Appendix A ,
"Service."Appendix A:
GRCM
- User M a n u a l
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T
his chapter discusses safety issues related to the operation and use
of the Quest Gaseous Reaction and Concentration Manifold
(GRCM) when used in conjunction with a Quest 2 1 0 SLN o r a
Quest 210 with the Lower Manifold Luer Upgrade. Please read it carefully
before attempting to operate the system.
/F\
Warning!
-
This chapter only discusses safety issues related to the
Quest Gaseous Reaction and Concentration Manifold
(GRCM). Users of the GRCM must be familiar with the
safety issues related to the Quest synthesizer equipment
on which it is used.
USER ATTENTION WORDS
1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 l n 1 o 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I l I I t I t l 1 l 1 1 1 l 1 l 1 1 1
"User attention words" appear in the text of this manual. Careful attention
to these entries while consulting the user manual will help ensure the safety
of the user and the instrument. Each word implies a particular level of
observation or action described as follows:
N o t e : This word is used to call attention to information.
A
GRCM
Caution
This word informs the user that damage to the instrument could
occur if the user does not comply with the information.
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SAFETY
Warning Labels
A
Warning!
This word informs the users that physical injury or death
could occur to themselves or others if the required
precautions are not taken.
Warning labels are applied to the equipment in specific areas where the
user must observe safety precautions. Following is a list of these labels and
their meanings:
Label
This symbol indicates a hot surface.
Use caution when working on or
near locations with this symbol.
Picture
Caution!
Hot Surface
Earth ground.
GRCM
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'
SAFETY
System Safety
.
SYSTEM SAFETY
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During operation of the G R C M , hazardous chemicals are stored and
manipulated, heavy objects shake and move, and high voltage electricity is
present. Caution must be exercised by trained personnel a t all times.
A
Warning!
/f\
Caution
A
Caution
Failure to use the GRCM with adequate ventilation may
result in instrument damage and personal injury.
Do not heat Reaction Vessels above the boiling point of their
contents, and do not cool the Reaction Vessels to the freezing
point of their contents. Instrument operation will be adversely
affected. Quest software and hardware does not control
temperature based upon the boiling point and freezing point of
the contents of reaction vessels.
The GRCM is designed to work only with non-corrosive gases
(e.g., hydrogen, etc.). Using corrosive gases with the GRCM
will result in instrument damage and personal injury and is not
covered under warranty.
SAFETY EQUIPMENT
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The G R C M has been designed to handle chemicals that m a y be deemed
hazardous, but should only be operated by personnel trained to safely
handle such chemicals. Protective hand and eye equipment should be worn
during instrument operation.
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I
l
We recommend that the following safety equipment be readily available
during instrument operation: fire extinguisher, eye wash station, safety
shower, eye and hand protection, adequate ventilation, and protection from
sources of radiation (e.g. lasers, radioisotopes, contaminated equipment,
radioactive waste).
A
Warning!
If the equipment is used in a manner not specified by the
manufacturer, the protection provided by the equipment
may be impaired. Wear adequate eye and hand protection
during instrument operation.
OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I ~ 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
The Questm Gaseous Reaction and Concentration Manifold has been
tested and validated in the following operating environments. Argonaut
does not recommend operation of the Questm Gaseous Reaction and
Concentration Manifold in environmental conditions outside these ranges.
Operational Requirement
Laboratory Temperature
I Laboratory Humidity
I Gas Reaction Pressure
I Gas Input Pressure
Specification
18 "C to 30 "C
I <= 70% RH
I <= 10 psig (1.69 ban)
/ <= 30 psig (3.08 ban)
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SAFETY
RV Sealing Capabilities
'
.
R V SEALING CAPABILITIES
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ~ 1 ~ 1 1 # 1 1 1 1 ~ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
The GRCM has been tested and validated in the following operational
conditions. Argonaut does not recommend operation of the G R C M in
environmental conditions outside these ranges.
Operational Requirement
Reaction Vessel sealing, with Gas
Delivery Manifold installed.
Specification
10 psig (1.69 barr)
M A T E R I A L SAFETY DATA SHEETS ( M S D S )
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1
The MSDS associated with each chemical used with this equipment must
be kept at your facility for easy reference by employees. Adherence to the
safety precautions listed in the M S D S for each of these chemicals is
mandatory for the safe operation of this equipment and for the safety of the
people operating it.
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G R C M INSTALLATION
T
his chapter describes the Quest Gaseous Reaction and Concentration Manifold (GRCM) and how it is installed by the user. Installation of the Expansion Kit (available separately) is described at the
end of this chapter.
COMPONENTS
A N D P A R T SSUPPLIEDB Y ARGONAUT
The GRCM consists of the following components:
Control Box - Controls which of the two gas inputs is used and
regulates the gas flow rate from the selected input to the Quest Reaction
Vessels (RVs). A pressure gauge allows the user to monitor the gas
pressure delivered to the gas delivery manifold. (Part number 300678)
Gas Delivery Manifold - This manifold attaches to the reaction vessel
drain h e r s to allow the delivery of gas to a bank of reaction vessels.
(Part number 300676)
Solvent Trap Manifold - This manifold is inserted into the luer fittings
of the Quest upper manifold to trap gases during solvent evaporation or
concentration. (Part number 300677)
Also included are one of each of the following tubing and fittings required
to attach the GRCM to the reaction gas regulator and the Quest inert gas
supply:
Gas Delivery Manifold Line (part number 300794)
-
Inert Gas Inlet Line (part number 300795)
Reagent Gas Inlet Line (part number 300796)
Inert Gas Extension Line (part number 300797)
118 inch "T" (part number 104027)
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Two plugs: for the "T" when the gas manifold is not in use, and for the Gas
Out B port when the Expansion Kit is not in use (part number 100083)
114 inch ID tubing for solvent trapping, 3 feet (part number 103954)
Barbed fitting adapter (114 - 318 inch) for solvent trap (part number 103669)
I
I
Figure 1: GRCM
- Three Main Components
P A R T SSUPPLIEDB Y USER
The user must provide the following items:
An external gas tank for gaseous reagents, with a 0-30 psig
(1.01-3.08 barr) regulator to control the input pressure.
Nitrogen gas for sparging. A house-supply is preferred.
A solvent recovery condensor. Suggested parts for the solvent condensor
(available from ChemGlass):
- 2-Neck 24140 round-bottom flask (CG-1520-04)
- Dewar type condenser (CG-1290-A-26)
- Inner joint 24/40 Adapter (CG-1014-01)
GRCM
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GRCM INSTALLATION
Overview
,A
Caution
Do not use corrosive gases, e.g., hydrogen chloride, ammonia,
or ozone with the GRCM. Using corrosive gases will damage
the GRCM and void the warranty.
OVERVIEW
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 I I I I l I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I s l l l I t l l l l l l l
The Control Box fits neatly on the top of the Quest controller. It must
be placed within four feet of the external reagent gas tank, and within four
feet of the Quest 210 Reactor.
The control box has two gas inputs:
Input 1 is the inert gas input which connects to the Quest controller
using the supplied "T" and Teflonm tubing.
Input 2 is the reagent gas input which connects to a user-provided
regulator. We recommend using a regulator designed for low pressure,
allowing no more than 30 psig (3.08 barr) for reagent gases.
T h e G a s D e l i v e r y M a n i f o l d is installed onto the lower manifold
h e r s of the Quest reactor and receives gas from the G R C M Control box.
T h e Solvent T r a p M a n i f o l d is installed onto the upper manifold of
the Quest reactor. It combines the gas used for product concentration from
each reaction vessel and diverts it to the Solvent Trap Manifold outlet for
trapping and reclaiming.
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'
INSTALLATION STEPS
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I D I I D I I 1 I I I # a t l 1 l l 1 l 1 1 1
Control Box
7 GRCM Control Box
I
Quest 210
I
Installation
Outlets
Umbilical Line 3
Inert Gas Extension Line
Part Number 300796
Figure 2: GRCM Control Box Installation
1. On the front of the Quest controller, locate the ports for the five 118 inch
Teflon lines from the Reactor Umbilical.
2. Remove the line from port #3 by unscrewing the 118 inch PEEK fitting.
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GRCM INSTALLATION
Installation Steps
3. Attach the end of that line to side B of the "T" (Part number 101955) and
make it finger-tight.
4. lnsert one end of the lnert Gas Extension Line (Part number 300797) into
side A of the "T" and make finger-tight. lnsert the other end of the line into
port #3 of the Quest controller and make finger-tight.
5. Attach one end of the lnert Gas Inlet Line (Part number 300795) to side C of
the "T". Connect the other end to input 1 of the GRCM Control box. See
Figure 3 below.
6. lnsert the 118 inch PEEK fitting of the reagent gas inlet line (Part number
300796) to input #2 of the Control box and make finger-tight. Connect the
compression fitting on the other end of this Teflon tubing to the outlet of
the reagent gas regulator. Do not set the regulator above 30 psig (3.08 barr).
See Figure 3 below.
Figure 3: Control Box showing Gas Connections 1 and 2
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'
,
Gas D e l i v e r y Manifold
1. Connect one end of the Gas Delivery Manifold line (Part number 300794) to
the outlet of the GRCM control box. Connect the other end to the inlet port
of the Gas Delivery Manifold. Install a plug on the other outlet of the GRCM
Control Box if it is not being used.
2. Push in the two buttons on the waste tray handles and lower the waste tray.
3. Remove the waste container and set it aside.
4. Select the side of the Quest reactor which you will be using.
5. Align the female hers of the Gas Delivery Manifold with the male luers of
the reaction vessel outlets.
6. Gently push the Gas Delivery Manifold onto the male luers until it is held in
place.
7. Raise the waste tray to lock the Gas Delivery Manifold in place.
Figure 4 below shows a schematic of the Quest Lower Manifold with the
Gas Delivery Manifold: A separated and B installed.
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GRCM INSTALLATION
Installation Steps
A
'
.
Quest Lower Manifold
with Gas Delivery Manifold in the Waste Tray
Lower
Gas
Rail
Lev
aste
aY
UP
B
Quest Lower Manifold
with Gas Delivery Manifold Installed
Figure 4: Gas Delivery Manifold and the Quest Lower Manifold
Solvent Trap Manifold
The installation of this component is required for concentration by
evaporation.
1. Remove the h e r plugs from the upper manifold of the reaction bank which
you will be using.
2. Align the male fittings of the Solvent Trap Manifold with the upper manifold
ports.
3. Gently push down on the Solvent Trap Manifold to seat i t onto the upper
manifold.
4. Connect one end of the % inch TygonB tubing (Part number 103954) to the
barbed outlet fitting of the Solvent Trap Manifold. Connect the other end to
the user-suppliedvapor trap.
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Figure 5 on the following page shows a schematic of the Quest Upper
Manifold with the Gas Delivery Manifold separated and fitted.
A
B
Pnnnertinn
Quest Upper Manifold
and Solvent Trap Manifold Separated
Solvent Trap Manifold
Fitted to Quest Upper Manifold
Figure 5:Solvent Trap Manifold and the Quest Upper Manifold
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GRCM INSTALLATION
Installation Steps
Figure 6: The Gas Delivery Manifold Installed
Figure 7: Gas Delivery and Solvent Trap ManifolIds Installed
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*
,
This Expansion Kit enables reactions and concentrations to be carried out
on all twenty reaction vessels in the Quest 210 synthesizer. It consists of a
Gas Delivery Manifold and a Solvent Trap Manifold with the necessary
lines and fittings. It should be installed only after the original G R C M
components, including the Control Box, have been properly installed.
G a s Deliver
1. Connect the Gas Delivery Manifold Line (Part Number 300794) to Outlet 2 of
the GRCM Control Box. Remove the plug on the other outlet of the GRCM
Control Box, if it is present.
2. Attach the other end of the line to the gas inlet of the Gas Delivery Manifold
of the Expansion Kit.
3. Attach the Gas Delivery Manifold to the Lower Manifold Luers for the
appropriate reaction bank.
S o l v e n t Trap M a n i f o l d
If you are carrying out concentration, install the Solvent Trap manifold as
follows:
1. Remove the luer plugs from the Upper Manifold of the appropriate reaction
bank.
2. Align the male fittings of the Solvent Trap Manifold with the Upper Manifold
ports and seat it onto the upper manifold.
3. Connect one end of the % inch Tygon tubing (Part number 103954) to the
barbed outlet fitting of the Solvent Trap Manifold, and connect the other
end to the user-supplied vapor trap.
4. Use the needle valves to control gas flow to each bank of Reaction Vessels.
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T
his chapter describes the application of the Quest Gaseous Reaction
and Concentration Manifold when used with the Quest 210 in two
processes: Hydrogenation, and Concentration by Evaporation.
Hydrogenation requires the Control Box and the Gas Delivery Manifold.
Concentration requires the Control Box, the G a s Delivery Manifold and the
Solvent Trap Manifold, together with a user-supplied solvent trap.
Before attempting to follow the steps in this chapter, you must be familiar
with the installation procedures described in Chapter 3 "GRCM
Installation".
HYDROGENATION
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 I I I I # I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 l 1 t I 1 l l l l l
This section describes an example of a procedure for hydrogenation. It is
intended solely as an example and should not be interpreted as a definitive
or recommended method.
Set up The figure below shows the setup in schematic form. For details of
the installation procedures, see Chapter 3 "GRCM Installation".
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USING THE G R C M
Gaseous Reaction Setup
7
Quest 2 10
Reactor
Expansion Kit
Gas Delivery Manifold and Line
d m n k 8)
Gas Delivery Manifold Line'
(Part umber 300794)
Umbilical Line 3
/Inert
\
[
I
Gas
Inert Gas Extension Line
(Part Number 300797)
I
Quest 210
Controller
Port#3456
GRCM
Control
Box
1
Reagent Gas
(e.g. hydrogen)
2
UUU
'7" ~ssembl;
(Part Number
as/
Reagent
Inlet Line
(Part Number 300796
Figure 8: Setup for Hydrogenation
GRCM
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USING THE G R C M
Hydrogenation
,
Operation T h e following list s h o w s t h e step-by-step procedure f o r
carrying out hydrogenation with the setup s h o w n above.
1. Set up the Quest and GRCM as shown in Figure 8.
2. Make sure that the apparatus is clean and free of debris. (See the section
"Cleaning the GRCM" below.)
3. Control Box inlets:
a. G a s 1 - Nitrogen
b. G a s 2 - H2 G a s
4. Add catalyst(s ) to reaction vessels:
a. Pre-weigh Pd/C into 10 ml pFritTMreaction vessels.
b. Insert the reaction vessels into the Quest and drop a n agitation magnet into
each one.
5. Purge RVs with nitrogen:
a. Turn the metered g a s needle valve clockwise until it is completely closed.
b. Turn Quest control valves to Metered G a s and Utility 1.
c. Slowly turn the metered g a s needle valve counterclockwise to purge the
reaction vessels with N2.
6. Add solvent under nitrogen via syringe:
a. Remove the Upper Manifold luer plugs from the reaction vessels.
b. To each reaction vessel, add the reaction solvent followed by the
hydrogenation substrate in solution.
7. Replace the luer plugs in the Quest Upper Manifold Luer ports, and tighten.
8. Turn the Quest reactor Control Valve 2 from METERED GAS to CLOSED
(leave Control Valve 1 on Utility 1).
9. Connect the H2 tank to inlet port 2 on the GRCM Control Box.
10. Turn the gas selection valve on the Control Box to Gas 1 (N2).
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1 1. Purge with nitrogen:
a. Slowly turn the Out A needle valve counterclockwise approximately '/4 turn to
deliver nitrogen.
Caution
Excessive opening of the Out A needle valve at this time may
cause the liquids in the RV to "bump" (bubble excessively).
b. Carefully open the lower manifold drain valves of the Quest reactor to start
purging the reaction vessels with nitrogen.
12. Hydrogenation:
a. Before starting the hydrogenation, make sure that the H2 pressure on the
external gas regulator is set to a maximum pressure of 10 psig (1.69 barr) or
desired lower value.
b. Turn the Gas Selection valve of the GRCM Control Box to Gas 2 (H2)and
turn the Out A needle valve counterclockwise to open it.
c. Switch the Quest Control Valve 1 from UTILITY 1 to CLOSED.
d. Move the membrane switch (above the Quest control valves) from OPEN to
CLOSED.
e. Program the desired mixing rate on the Quest controller and start the
agitation.
13. Venting the reaction:
a. Turn the Out A needle valve on the GRCM control box clockwise to close it.
b. Move the membrane pressure switch (above the two Quest control valves)
from CLOSED to OPEN.
c. Turn the Quest reactor Control Valve 1 from CLOSED to UTILITY 1.
14. Purge with nitrogen:
a. Rotate the Gas selection valve of the GRCM Control Box to GAS 1.
b. Turn the Out A needle valve counterclockwise to open it and purge the
reaction vessels for one (1) minute.
c. Close the lower manifold drain valves of the Quest reactor.
d. Turn the Out A needle valve of the GRCM control box clockwise to CLOSED
15. Remove the Gas Delivery Manifold from the Quest reactor.
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USING T H E GRCM
Concentration By Evaporation
'
,
1 1 1 1 1 # 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ~ 1 ~ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 l t 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ~ 1 l 1
This section describes an example of a procedure for concentration by
evaporation. It is intended solely as an example and should not be
interpreted as a definitive or recommended method.
S e t u p The figure below shows the setup in schematic form. For details of
the installation procedures, see Chapter 3 "GRCM Installation".
Concentration Setup
Bank A
uest 210
eactor
Line to Solvent Trap
Expansion Kit
Gas Delivery Manifold Line (Part Number 300794)
Gas Delivery Manifold Line/
(Part Number 300794)
Umbilical tine 3
n
Quest 210
GRCM
Control
Box
I
F
9
(Part Number 300797)
Inlet
'7" Assembly
/
lnert Gas lnlet Line
(Part Number 3007
(Part Number 104027)
Figure 9: Setup for Evaporation (Concentration)
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Operation The following list shows the step-by-step procedure for
carrying out concentration by evaporation with the setup shown above.
1. Set up the Quest and GRCM as shown in Figure 9
2. Connect the Solvent Trap Manifold to a solvent trap.
3. Turn each of the two Quest Control valves to CLOSED.
4. Turn the Gas Selection valve on the GRCM Control Box to Gas 1 (Nitrogen).
5. Slowly turn the Out A needle valve counterclockwise approximately % turn
to deliver nitrogen.
/7\
Caution
Excessive opening of the Out A needle valve at this time may
cause the liquids in the RV to "bump" (bubble excessively).
6. Carefully open the Quest Lower Manifold.
7. Slowly turn the Out A needle valve counterclockwise to adjust the gas flow.
To achieve fastest evaporation rates, maximize the gas flow without
allowing the liquid to bubble over. As the liquid level decreases, the gas
flow can be readjusted to maintain maximum evaporation rates.
8. If necessary, apply mild heating (approx. 213 of boiling point) for efficient
evaporation.
9. When the solvent is evaporated, close the Lower Manifold drain levers on
the Quest reactor.
10. Close the Out A needle valve by turning it clockwise until it stops.
11. Remove the Solvent Trap and Gas Delivery Manifolds from the Quest
reactor.
12. Clean the apparatus as decribed in the section "Cleaning the GRCM"
below.
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USING T H E GRCM
a
Cleaning the GRCM
.
Solvent E v a p o r a t i o n R e s u l t s The following table shows the
results of an experiment involving the evaporation of several different
solvents at one time. The process was carried out over a period of one hour
at 45 "C. Up to 80% of the solvent was recovered by the recommended
solvent trap. These are representative results. Actual results may vary.
a. T h e initial solvent volume was 7 ml.
b. The
THF was concentrated within 40 minutes.
Figure 10: Evaporation a t 45 "C for O n e Hour
CLEANING THE GRCM
1 o 1 1 f 1 1 1 1 o 1 1 l 1 o a I l # I a t l a a l I I I I I I I I I I B l 1 l l 1 l l 1 1 l l 1
It is essential to clean the G R C M thoroughly after each use to avoid
contaminating future processes.
Cross-contamination of some solvents with the residue of
previous synthesis may cause unexpected and hazardous
consequences.
A
Caution
Use only alcohols (methanol, ethanol , etc.) as cleaning
solvents for the Gas Delivery Manifold. Use of other solvents
may cause permanent damage to the manifold assembly.
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Using t h e Q u e s t 210
1. Detach the Manifold Delivery Line from the bulkhead fitting on the Quest
reactor unit.
2. Detach the Gas Delivery Manifold Line from the proper Out A or Out B
outlet on the GRCM control box, and attach it to the Quest 210 at the
bulkhead connector.
3. Rest the Gas Delivery Manifold over the Quest waste tray.
4. Start the flow of solvent by turning the Quest 210 Control Valve 1 to
SOLVENT for 10-30 seconds.
5. Turn Control Valve 1 to DRAIN GAS for 10-30 seconds to clear the solvent.
Alternate between solvent and drain gas for 3 to 6 repetitions.
6. Complete the cleaning process by turning Control Valve 1 to DRAIN GAS
for 2 to 5 minutes to ensure that all solvent is removed from the Gas
Delivery Manifold.
7. Turn Control Valve 1 to CLOSED.
8. Detach Gas Delivery Manifold Line from the Quest 210 and reattach to
outlet on the GRCM control box.
9. Reattach Upper Manifold Delivery Line to Quest 210.
U s i n g t h e Quest A S W
1. Detach the Manifold Delivery Line from the bulkhead fitting on the Quest
reactor unit.
2. Detach the Gas Delivery Manifold Line from the proper Out A or Out B
outlet on the GRCM control box, and attach it to the Quest 210 at the
bulkhead connector.
3. Rest the Gas Delivery Manifold over the Quest waste tray.
4. Select the switch corresponding to the solvent bottle on the ASW tray
containing alcohol.
5. Start solvent flow by turning the Quest 210 Control Valve 1 to SOLVENT for
10-30 seconds.
6. Turn Control Valve 1 to DRAIN GAS for 10-30 seconds to clear the solvent.
Alternate between solvent and drain gas for 3 to 6 repetitions.
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USING T H E GRCM
Cleaning the GRCM
7. Purge the ASW Tray Delivery line:
a. On the ASW tray, turn off the solvent switch and turn on the purge switch.
b. Turn Control Valve 1 to SOLVENT for 1 minute.
c. Turn off the purge switch on the ASW tray.
8. Purge the Gas Delivery Manifold:
a. Turn Control Valve 1 to DRAIN GAS for 2 to 5 minutes to remove all solvent
from the Gas Delivery Manifold.
b. Turn Control Valve 1 to CLOSED.
9. Detach Gas Delivery Manifold Line from the Quest 210 and reattach to
outlet on the GRCM control box.
10. Reattach Upper Manifold Delivery Line to the Quest 210.
FEMALELUERSO N
THE
QUESTLOWERMANIFOLD
1. Wash the hers with solvent using a squeeze bottle
2. Wipe them clean with cotton tips as used used to clean the Quest.
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a
,
GRCM
- U s e r Manual
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CONTACT INFORMATION
1 1 I I t I 1 I 1 I I 1 1 I l I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I l I I l I I l I I I I I I
E-mail:
Support@ argotech.com
Internet:
www.argotech.com
I n the U n i t e d S t a t e s :
Argonaut Technologies
887 Industrial Road, Suite G
San Carlos, CA 94070
USA
Phone: 650.598.1350 or 888.598.1350 (USAICanada)
Fax: 650.598.1359
In Europe:
Argonaut Technologies A.G.
St. Jakob-Strasse 148
Postfach 4 3
4132 Muttenz 2
Switzerland
Phone: +41-61-465-9898
Fax:
+41-6 1-465-9899
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In Japan:
Argonaut Technologies K.K.
MK Kojimachi Bldg.
4-2-1 Kojimachi, Chiyoda-Ku
Tokyo 102-0083
Japan
Phone: +81-3-3234-432 1
Fax:
+81-3-3234-1359
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BASIC GRCM
The basic Gas Reaction and Concentration Manifold ( G R C M ) consists of
the following components.
Quantity
Description
I
Control Box (300678)
1
Gas Delivery Manifold (300676)
1
Solvent Trap Manifold with %-inch barb fitting (300677)
1
118 inch "T" (High Pressure Input Line) (104027)
Reagent Gas Inlet Line:
7 feet of 118 inch Teflon tubing with 118 inch PEEK fittings and associated
Tefzel ferrules (300796)
Inert Gas Inlet Line:
2% feet of 118 inch Teflon tubing
118 inch PEEK fittings and associated Tefzel (300795)
Gas Delivery Manifold Line:
7 feet of 118 inch Teflon tubing
118 inch PEEK fittings and associated Tefzel ferrules (300794)
Solvent Trap Connection:
3 feet of % inch I.D. Tygon tubing for Solvent Trap connection (103954)
Inert Gas Extension Line:
2% inches of 118 inch Teflon tubing with fittings and associated Tefzel
ferrules (interconnection from Controller to "T") (300797)
Plug fittings for "T" when GRCM is not in use. and for the G a s O u t B port
when the Expansion Kit is not in use. (100083)
Barbed fitting adapter to connect 318 inch tubing to Solvent Trap if 318 inch
tubing is used (103669)
Installation, testing and maintenance instructions (103952)
Warning sign, "Gaseous Reaction in Progress" (300731)
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EXPANSION KIT
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The G R C M Expansion Kit allows you to perform reactions or
concentrations on all twenty of the reaction vessels. The Expansion Kit
consists of the following components:
Quantity
Description
1
Gas Delivery Manifold (300676)
1
Solvent Trap Manifold with %-inch barb fitting (300677)
Gas Delivery Manifold Line:
7 feet of 118 inch Teflon tubing
118 inch PEEK fitting and associated Tefzel ferrules (300794)
1
3 feet of %-inch I.D.Tygon tubing (103594)
Barbed fitting adapter to connect 318 inch tubing to Solvent Trap if 318 inch
tubing is used (103669)
Installation, testing and maintenance instructions (103952)
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Index
C
I
R
Cleaning
Gas Delivery Manifold 4-26
Overview 4-25
Quest Lower Manifold 4-27
Components 3-9, B-3 1, B-32
Concentration 4- 19.4-23
Operation 4-24
Results 4-25
Setup 4-23
Control Box 1- 1.3-9
Corrosive Gases 3- 11
Installation
Control Box 3-12
Expansion Kit 3- 18
Gas Delivery Manifold 3-14
Solvent Trap Manifold 3- 15
Interference 1-2
Reaction Vessel (RV) Sealing 2-7
E
Operating Environment 2-6
Overview 1-1, 3- 11
M
Material Safety Data Sheets 2-7
0
Expansion Kit 1-1, 3-18, B-32
G
Gas Delivery Manifold 3-9
GRCM Parts 3-9
H
Hydrogenation 4- 19
Operation 4-21
Setup 4-20
S
Safety 2-3
Safety Equipment 2-5
Service A-29
Solvent Recovery Condensor 3-10
Solvent Trap Manifold 1-1,3-9,3-15
T
Techrucal Support A-29
U
User-provided Parts 3- 10
Parts 3-9,3-10, B-3 1, B-32
Pressure
Reaction 2-6
Reaction Vessel (RV) 2-7
Reagent Gas 1-1
Purging 4-21,4-22,4-24.4-27
w
Warning Labels 2-4
Warranty Agreement i
Y
Year 2000 1-2
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INDEX-I
INDEX
IND E X - 2
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