D-Link DWA-556 Specifications

Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Product Overview....................................................3
Package Contents................................................................. 3
System Requirements.......................................................... 3
Introduction......................................................................... 4
Features............................................................................... 5
Hardware Overview.............................................................. 6
LEDs................................................................................. 6
Installation............................................................7
Getting Started..................................................................... 7
Remove Existing Installations........................................... 7
Disable Other Wireless Adapters....................................... 8
Wireless Installation Considerations.................................. 10
Adapter Installation............................................................ 11
Configuration....................................................... 18
D-Link Wireless Connection Manager................................ 18
Wireless Networks.......................................................... 19
Wi-Fi® Protected Setup (WPS)........................................ 20
My Wireless Networks.................................................... 23
Support........................................................................... 26
About.............................................................................. 27
Connect to a Wireless Network
Using Windows® Vista.................................................... 28
Windows® XP Configuration Utility................................. 30
Disabling The Windows® XP Utility................................. 31
Configure WEP................................................................... 35
Using the D-Link Wireless Connection Manager............. 35
Using the Windows® Vista Utility.................................... 37
Using the Windows® XP Utility....................................... 39
Configure WPA/WPA2 Passphrase..................................... 41
Using the D-Link Wireless Connection Manager............. 41
Using the Windows® Vista ............................................. 43
Using the Windows® XP Utility....................................... 45
Configure WPA™/WPA2™-Enterprise................................... 47
Using the D-Link Connection Manager........................... 47
Configure 802.1x (RADIUS)............................................... 48
Troubleshooting.................................................... 49
Wireless Basics.................................................... 54
Networking Basics................................................. 59
Check your IP address....................................................... 59
Statically Assign an IP address.......................................... 60
Technical Specifications.......................................... 61
Wireless Security.................................................. 33
What is WEP?.................................................................... 33
What is WPA?.................................................................... 34
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Product
PackageOverview
Contents
•D-Link DWA-556 Wireless N™ PCI Express Desktop Adapter
•Manual and Warranty on CD
•D-Link Wireless Connection Manager on CD
System Requirements
•A desktop computer with an available 64-bit PCI Express slot
•Windows® 2000 (Service Pack 4) or XP (Service Pack 2), or Vista
•300MHz processor and at least 64MB of RAM
•A draft 802.11n or 802.11g access point (for Infrastructure mode), or another draft
802.11n or 802.11g wireless adapter (for Ad Hoc networking mode).
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Introduction
The D-Link Wireless N™ Desktop Adapter (DWA-556) is a Draft 802.11n client device that delivers unrivaled wireless performance
for your desktop computer. With the DWA-556, you can add or upgrade your Desktop PC’s wireless connectivity without having to
purchase a new computer. Once connected, access your network’s high-speed Internet connection while sharing photos, files, music,
video, printers, and storage. Get a better Internet experience with a faster wireless connection so you can enjoy digital phone calls,
gaming, downloading, and video streaming.
Powered by Wireless N™ technology, the DWA-556 provides a faster wireless connection and superior reception than 802.11g*.
The DWA-556 is designed for use in bigger homes and for those that demand higher networking. Maximize wireless performance by
connecting this desktop adapter to a Wireless N™ Router and stay connected from virtually anywhere in the home. This adapter supports
WEP, WPA, and WPA2 encryption to prevent outside intrusion and protect your personal information from being exposed.
The D-Link Wireless N™ DWA-556 is a powerful 64-bit desktop adapter that installs quickly and easily into desktop computers. Like
all D-Link wireless adapters, the DWA-556 can be used in Ad Hoc mode to connect directly with other cards for peer-to-peer file
sharing or in infrastructure mode to connect with a wireless access point or router for access to the Internet in your office or home
network.
The DWA-556 features robust security to help protect the wireless network from intruders, complying with the latest wireless
networking security protocols, including WEP encryption and Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) support for WPA2-PSK. The DWA556 also includes a configuration utility to discover available wireless networks and create and save detailed connectivity profiles for
those networks most often accessed.
Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE Standard 802.11g and draft 802.11n specifications. Actual data throughput will vary. Network conditions and environmental factors,
including volume of network traffic, building materials and construction, and network overhead, lower actual data throughput rate. Environmental factors will adversely affect wireless
signal range.
•
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Features
•Faster Wireless Networking* - Enable wireless connectivity on your Desktop PC computer with the
DWA-556. With the performance of D-Link’s Wireless N™ line of wireless products, the DWA-556 delivers an unsurpassed
wireless experience. Perform multiple network tasks at once with the speed provided by this Wireless Adapter.
•Compatible with 802.11b and 802.11g Devices - Fully compatible with the IEEE 802.11b and 802.11g standards,
the DWA-556 can connect with existing 802.11b or 802.11g compliant routers, access points and cards. That
means you can still communicate with colleagues and friends while you have the ability to link to even more wireless
networks.
•Better Security with 802.1x** and WPA - With the DWA-556 in your Desktop PC you can securely connect to a
wireless network using 802.1x for wireless authentication, as well as WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) providing you a
much higher level of security for your data and communication than has previously been available.
• Total Performance - Upgrade your computer with the latest draft 802.11n technology.
• Total Wireless Protection - Connect to secure wireless networks using WEP and WPA.
• Total Connection - Get reception throughout your home by connecting to a Wireless N™ Router.
Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE Standard 802.11g and draft 802.11n specifications. Actual data throughput will vary. Network conditions and environmental
factors, including volume of network traffic, building materials and construction, and network overhead, lower actual data throughput rate. Environmental factors will adversely
affect wireless signal range.
•
** Available as a driver upgrade in the near future from support.dlink.com.
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Hardware Overview
LEDs
ACT LED
A solid light indicates that wireless is
ready. This LED blinks during wireless
data transmission.
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Section 2 - Installation
Installation
This section will walk you through the installation process. If you have a built-in wireless adapter, please disable it in device manager
before installing your D-Link adapter. Also, if you have previously installed another wireless adapter, please make sure any software
is uninstalled.
Getting Started
Before installing your new D-Link wireless adapter, please verify the following:
• Remove any previous installations of wireless adapters
• Disable any built-in wireless adapters
• Verify the settings such as the SSID and security settings of the network(s) you want to connect to
Remove Existing Installations
If you’ve installed a different manufacture’s adapter or a different model D-Link adapter, make sure the software is uninstalled before
installing the new software. Some utilities may cause a conflict with the new software. If you plan to use multiple adapters at different
times, make sure the utilities are not set to load when your computer boots up. Windows® XP users may use the built-in wireless
utility for all adapters.
To remove any old software:
Windows® Vista users: Click Start > Control Panel > Programs and Features.
Windows® XP users: Click Start > Control Panel > Add or Remove Programs.
Windows® 2000 users: Click Start > Settings > Control Panel > Add or Remove Programs.
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Section 2 - Installation
Disable Other Wireless Adapters
To prevent any conflicts with the D-Link wireless adapter, it is recommended to disable any wireless adapter (as well as any unused
Ethernet adapters).
From the desktop, right-click on the My Computer icon and select Properties.
Click the Hardware tab and then click Device Manager. Scroll down the list and
click the + sign to the left of Network Adapters.
Right-click the adapter you would like to disable and select Disable.
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Section 2 - Installation
Click Yes to disable the adapter.
The adapter is now disabled. When disabled, a red X will be displayed.
Disabling the adapter will not remove the drivers. If you would like to use
the adapter, simply right-click it and select Enable.
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Section 2 - Installation
Wireless Installation Considerations
The D-Link wireless adapter lets you access your network using a wireless connection from virtually anywhere within the operating
range of your wireless network. Keep in mind, however, that the number, thickness and location of walls, ceilings, or other objects that
the wireless signals must pass through, may limit the range. Typical ranges vary depending on the types of materials and background
RF (radio frequency) noise in your home or business. The key to maximizing wireless range is to follow these basic guidelines:
1.Keep the number of walls and ceilings between the D-Link adapter and other network devices to a minimum - each
wall or ceiling can reduce your adapter’s range from 3-90 feet (1-30 meters.) Position your devices so that the number
of walls or ceilings is minimized.
2.Be aware of the direct line between network devices. A wall that is 1.5 feet thick (.5 meters), at a
45-degree angle appears to be almost 3 feet (1 meter) thick. At a 2-degree angle it looks over 42 feet (14 meters)
thick! Position devices so that the signal will travel straight through a wall or ceiling (instead of at an angle) for
better reception.
3.Building Materials make a difference. A solid metal door or aluminum studs may have a negative effect on range.
Try to position access points, wireless routers, and computers so that the signal passes through drywall or open
doorways. Materials and objects such as glass, steel, metal, walls with insulation, water (fish tanks), mirrors, file
cabinets, brick, and concrete will degrade your wireless signal.
4.Keep your product away (at least 3-6 feet or 1-2 meters) from electrical devices or appliances that generate RF
noise.
5.If you are using 2.4GHz cordless phones or X-10 (wireless products such as ceiling fans, lights, and home security
systems), your wireless connection may degrade dramatically or drop completely. Make sure your 2.4GHz phone
base is as far away from your wireless devices as possible. The base transmits a signal even if the phone in not in
use.
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Section 2 - Installation
Adapter Installation
Note: Cancel
Turn on the computer and Insert the D-Link DWA-556 Driver CD in the CD-ROM drive. The step-by-step instructions that follow are
shown in Windows® XP. The steps and screens are similar for the other Windows operating systems.
If the CD Autorun function does not automatically start on your computer, go to Start > Run. In the run box type “D:\DWA556.
exe” (where D: represents the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive).
Click Install Drivers
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Section 2 - Installation
The InstallShield Wizard window will appear.
Click Next to continue.
Click Next
By default setup will install to the default location: C:\Program Files\DLink\DWA-556, where C: represents the drive letter of your hard drive.
To install to a different location click Browse and specify the location.
Click Next.
Click Next
Select the Program Files folder location.
Click Next
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Section 2 - Installation
Click Finish to continue.
Click Finish
The D-Link Configuration Wizard will now appear.
If you are using Windows® XP (SP2), you will have the option to use either the
D-Link utility or the built-in Windows® Wireless utility.
Click Next
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Section 2 - Installation
Insert the adapter into an available PCIe port on your computer.
If the Found New Hardware Wizard appears, click Cancel.
Click Next
The Wireless Connection Wizard will now appear.
If you want to manually connect to a wireless network, refer to page 15.
The following instructions will connect you to a wireless network using
Wi-Fi® Protected Setup (WPS).
Click Next
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Section 2 - Installation
Push Button Configuration (PBC)
To connect to your network using the WPS push button configuration
method, click the virtual button as shown in the screenshot.
Press the WPS button on your access point or wireless router within 2
minutes to establish connectivity.
When this screen appears, you have successfully connected to your
wireless network. Click Next to complete your setup.
Click Next
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Section 2 - Installation
Manual Connect
To manually connect to your wireless network, select Manually connect
to a wireless network and then click Next.
Click Next
Enter the network name (SSID) manually. If you enter the SSID incorrectly,
you will automatically be brought to the site survey page. Click Scan to
display the site survey page.
Click Next
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Section 2 - Installation
Click the Scan button to display a list of wireless networks (site survey).
Click on the network name (SSID) and click Next.
Click Next
When this screen appears, you are successfully connected to your wireless
network. Click Finish to complete your setup.
Click Finish
Click Finish to continue. If you are prompted to reboot your computer,
select Yes, I want to restart my computer now.
Click Finish
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Section 3 - Configuration
Configuration
This section will show you how to configure your new D-Link wireless adapter using the D-Link Utility as well as the Windows® XP
Zero Configuration Utility and Vista WLAN Auto Configuration.
D-Link Wireless Connection Manager
The D-Link DWA-556 uses the Wireless Connection Manager as the management software. The manager provides the user an easy
interface to change any settings related to the wireless adapter. Double-clicking on the Wireless Connection Manager icon on your
desktop will start the Configuration.
If you are using Windows® XP, please skip to page 30 or Windows® Vista skip to page 28.
Double-click the Wireless Connection
Manager icon on your desktop.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Wireless Networks
The Wireless Networks (Site Survey) page will display all wireless networks that are available in your area. To connect to a network,
simply highlight the wireless network (SSID) and click Connect.
SSID: The SSID (Service Set Identifier) is the name of the
wireless network.
MAC: Displays the MAC address of the wireless device.
Signal: Displays the Link Quality of the wireless
connection.
Security: If there is a “lock” icon, this means the wireless
network is secure. You must know the encryption
key/security settings to connect.
Channel: Displays the channel of the wireless network.
WPS Button: Connect to a wireless network using Wi-Fi® Protected
Setup. Refer to the next page.
Refresh Button: Rescans for available wireless networks in your
area.
Connect Button: Highlight a wireless network and click the Connect
button. If the network is secure, a pop-up window
will appear. Enter the security information to connect
(refer to the Wireless Security section for more
information).
Activate Button: Select a wireless network profile from the
drop-down menu and click Activate to connect. Allow
up to 30 seconds to connect.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Wi-Fi® Protected Setup (WPS)
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) System is designed for easy setup of
security-enabled Wi-Fi networks. It is recommended to have the access
point or wireless router nearby during setup.
For more information on WPS, visit the Wi-Fi Alliance website at www.
wi-fi.org.
“Push Button Configuration” (PBC) is a virtual button in the utility
that connects you to other WPS-enabled devices. A connection can be
established by clicking on the virtual button, then pushing the physical
button on the access point or wireless router within 120 seconds. Refer
to page 15.
“Personal Identification Number” (PIN) is a unique number generated
randomly by the wireless adapter’s utility. Entering this number in the
utility of the WPS-enabled wireless router or access point connects you
with the intended wireless network. Refer to the next page for more
information.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Personal Identification Number (PIN)
If you want to connect using the PBC method, refer to page 14. To use
the PIN method, select PIN (Personal Identification Number) and click
Next.
Click Next
Make sure your access point or wireless router is close by. Write down the
number on the screen. Enter this number in your access point or wireless
router. Please refer to the manufacture’s manual for instructions.
Once you click Next, you will have 2 minutes to enter this number in
your access point or wireless router.
Click Next
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Section 3 - Configuration
The adapter will try to establish connectivity to your access point or
wireless router.
When this screen appears, you have successfully established connectivity.
Click Finish to complete your setup.
Click Finish
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Section 3 - Configuration
My Wireless Networks
The My Wireless Networks page will allow you to create, edit, and delete wireless network profiles. Every time you connect to a
network using the Wireless Networks page, a profile will automatically be created.
New Button: Click New to create a new wireless network profile
(refer to page 24).
Modify: Click Modify to edit a current profile (refer to page
25).
Delete: Click Delete to remove a profile.
Activate: Click Activate to use a profile. Allow up to 30 seconds
to connect to the wireless network.
Profile Details: The Profile Details section will display information
about the wireless network such as the network name
(SSID), network type (Infrastructure or Ad Hoc), and
if the network is secured.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Add Profile
You may add a new network by clicking the New button from the My Wireless Networks page.
Profile Name: Enter a name for your profile (e.g. Home, Office,
Coffee Shop).
SSID: Enter the SSID of the wireless network.
Network Type: Select the network type. If you are connecting
to a wireless router or access point, select
Infrastructure. If you are connecting to another
wireless client such as an adapter, select
Ad Hoc.
Set Security: Select the type of security used. Please refer to the
Wireless Security section for more information.
OK Button: Click OK to save your settings.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Modify Profile
You may edit an existing profile by clicking the Modify button from the My Wireless Networks page.
Profile Name: Enter a name for your profile (e.g. Home, Office,
Coffee Shop).
SSID: Displays the SSID of the network.
Network Type: Displays the network type.
Set Security: Select the type of security used. Please refer to the
Wireless Security section for more information.
OK Button: Click OK to save your settings.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Support
If you need help, click the Support button. A panel will appear to the right of the utility which will display information about the
utility.
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Section 3 - Configuration
About
The About screen gives you information about the Firmware
and Utility Versions of the DWA-556.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Connect to a Wireless Network
Using Windows® Vista™
Windows® Vista™ users may use the built-in wireless utility. If you are using another company’s utility or Windows® 2000, please refer
to the user manual of your wireless adapter for help with connecting to a wireless network. Most utilities will have a “site survey”
option similar to the Windows® Vista™ utility as seen below.
If you receive the Wireless Networks Detected bubble, click on the
center of the bubble to access the utility.
or
Right-click on the wireless computer icon in your system tray (lowerright corner next to the time). Select Connect to a network.
The utility will display any available wireless networks in your area.
Click on a network (displayed using the SSID) and click the Connect
button.
If you get a good signal but cannot access the Internet, check the TCP/
IP settings for your wireless adapter. Refer to the Networking Basics
section in this manual for more information.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Enter the same security key or passphrase that is on your
router and click Connect.
It may take 20-30 seconds to connect to the wireless
network. If the connection fails, please verify that the
security settings are correct. The key or passphrase must
be exactly the same as on the wireless router.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Windows® XP Configuration Utility
Windows® XP users may use the built-in wireless utility. The following instructions are for Service Pack 2 users.
If you are using Windows® 2000, you must use the D-Link Wireless Connection Manager. Please refer to page 18.
If you receive the Wireless Networks Detected bubble, click on the
center of the bubble to access the utility.
Right-click on the wireless computer icon in your system tray
(lower-right corner next to the time). Select View Available Wireless
Networks.
The utility will display any available wireless networks in your area. Click
on a network and click the Connect button.
Refer to the Wireless Security section for information on connecting
to a secure network.
If you want to use the D-Link manager instead of the Windows® XP
wireless utility, refer to the next page.
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Section 3 - Configuration
Disabling The Windows® XP Utility
If you want to use the D-Link Wireless Connection Manager you must disable the Windows® XP wireless utility.
Right-click on the wireless computer icon in your system tray
(lower-right corner next to the time). Select View Available Wireless
Networks.
In the Choose a Wireless Network window click Change Advanced
Settings on the left side below Related Tasks.
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Section 3 - Configuration
In the Wireless Network Connection Properties window, uncheck
Use Windows® to configure my wireless network settings and
then click OK.
Refer to page 15, on instructions for launching the D-Link Wireless Connection Manager.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
Wireless Security
This section will show you the different levels of security you can use to protect your data from intruders. The
DWA-556 offers the following types of security:
• WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access 2) • WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) • WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
• WPA2-PSK (Pre-Shared Key)
• WPA-PSK (Pre-Shared Key)
What is WEP?
WEP stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy. It is based on the IEEE 802.11 standard and uses the RC4 encryption algorithm. WEP
provides security by encrypting data over your wireless network so that it is protected as it is transmitted from one wireless device
to another.
To gain access to a WEP network, you must know the key. The key is a string of characters that you create. When using WEP, you
must determine the level of encryption. The type of encryption determines the key length. 128-bit encryption requires a longer key
than 64-bit encryption. Keys are defined by entering in a string in HEX (hexadecimal - using characters 0-9, A-F) or ASCII (American
Standard Code for Information Interchange – alphanumeric characters) format. ASCII format is provided so you can enter a string
that is easier to remember. The ASCII string is converted to HEX for use over the network. Four keys can be defined so that you can
change keys easily.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
What is WPA?
WPA, or Wi-Fi Protected Access, is a Wi-Fi standard that was designed to improve the security features of WEP (Wired Equivalent
Privacy).
The 2 major improvements over WEP:
• Improved data encryption through the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP). TKIP scrambles the keys using a
hashing algorithm and, by adding an integrity-checking feature, ensures that the keys haven’t been tampered with.
WPA2 is based on 802.11i and uses Advanced Encryption Standard instead of TKIP.
• User authentication, which is generally missing in WEP, through the extensible authentication protocol (EAP). WEP
regulates access to a wireless network based on a computer’s hardware-specific MAC address, which is relatively
simple to be sniffed out and stolen. EAP is built on a more secure public-key encryption system to ensure that only
authorized network users can access the network.
WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK uses a passphrase or key to authenticate your wireless connection. The key is an alpha-numeric password
between 8 and 63 characters long. The password can include symbols (!?*&_) and spaces. This key must be the exact same key
entered on your wireless router or access point.
WPA/WPA2 incorporates user authentication through the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP). EAP is built on a more secure
public key encryption system to ensure that only authorized network users can access the network.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
Configure WEP
Using the D-Link Wireless Connection Manager
It is recommended to enable WEP on your wireless router or access point before configuring your wireless adapter. If you are joining
an existing network, you will need to know the WEP key being used.
1.Open the Wireless Connection Manager by double-clicking on the
D-Link icon on your desktop. From the list of available wireless
networks, select the network you want to connect to and click Connect.
If the network is using WEP, the screen (as shown to the right) will
appear.
2.Enter the WEP key exactly as it is on your wireless router or access
point.
3.Click the Show text in the password field box to see the WEP key. Unchecking it will hide the key.
4. Click OK to connect to the network. Allow up to 30 seconds to connect.
If you would like to create a new network and enter the WEP settings, refer to the next page.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
It is recommended to enable WEP on your wireless router or access point before configuring your wireless adapter. make sure you
enter the WEP key exactly the same on all wireless devices. It is strongly recommended to set the authentication to Shared Key.
1.Open the Wireless Connection Manager by double-clicking on the D-Link icon on your desktop. Click on New to create a new profile
or highlight an existing profile and click Modify.
2.Select WEP under Set Security Option.
3.Select Shared and then select the Key Length from the
drop-down menu.
4. Enter the WEP key exactly as it is on your wireless router or access
point.
5. Click OK to connect to the network. Allow up to 30 seconds to
connect.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
Configure WEP
Using Windows® Vista
It is recommended to enable wireless security (WEP) on your wireless router or access point before configuring your wireless adapter.
If you are joining an existing network, you will need to know the security key or passphrase being used.
1.Open the Windows® Vista™ Wireless Utility by right-clicking on the
wireless computer icon in your system tray (lower right corner of
screen). Select Connect to a network.
2.Highlight the wireless network (SSID) you would like to
connect to and click Connect.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
3.Enter the same security key or passphrase that is on your router and click
Connect.
It may take 20-30 seconds to connect to the wireless network. If the connection
fails, please verify that the security settings are correct. The key or passphrase
must be exactly the same as on the wireless router.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
Configure WEP
Using the Windows® XP Utility
It is recommended to enable WEP on your wireless router or access point before configuring your wireless adapter. If you are joining
an existing network, you will need to know the WEP key being used.
1.Open the Windows ® XP Wireless Utility by right-clicking
on the wireless computer icon in your system tray
(lower-right corner of screen). Select View Available Wireless
Networks.
2.Highlight the wireless network (SSID) you would like to
connect to and click Connect.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
3.The Wireless Network Connection box will appear. Enter the WEP key and
click Connect.
It may take 20-30 seconds to connect to the wireless network. If the connection
fails, please verify that the WEP settings are correct. The WEP key must be
exactly the same as on the wireless router or access point.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
Configure WPA™/WPA2™ Passphrase
Using the D-Link Wireless Connection Manager
It is recommended to enable WPA-PSK on your wireless router or access
point before configuring your wireless adapter. If you are joining an
existing network, you will need to know the WPA-PSK passphrase being
used.
1.Open the Wireless Connection Manager by double-clicking on the
D-Link icon on your desktop.
2.Highlight the wireless network (SSID) you would like to connect to
and click Connect. If the network is using WPA-PSK, the screen (as
shown to the right) will appear.
3.Enter the WPA-PSK passphrase exactly as it is on your wireless router
or access point. Click the Show text in the password field box to see
the passphrase. Unchecking it will hide it.
4. Click OK to connect to the network. Allow up to 30 seconds to
connect.
If you would like to create a new network and enter the WEP settings,
refer to the next page.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
It is recommended to enable WPA™/WPA2™-Personal on your wireless router or access point before configuring your wireless adapter.
Make sure you enter the passphrase exactly the same on all wireless devices.
1. Open the Wireless Connection Manager by double-clicking on the D-Link icon on your desktop. Click on New to create a new
profile or highlight an existing profile and click Modify.
2. Select WPA/WPA2-Personal under Set Security Option.
3. Select TKIP or AES, or Auto.
4. Enter the passphrase exactly as it is on your wireless router or access
point.
5. Click OK to connect to the network. Allow up to 30 seconds to
connect.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
Configure WPA™/WPA™-Personal
Using Windows® Vista™
It is recommended to enable wireless security (WPA/WPA2) on your wireless router or access point before configuring your wireless
adapter. If you are joining an existing network, you will need to know the security key or passphrase being used.
1.Open the Windows® Vista™ Wireless Utility by right-clicking on the
wireless computer icon in your system tray (lower right corner of
screen). Select Connect to a network.
2.Highlight the wireless network (SSID) you would like to
connect to and click Connect.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
3.Enter the same security key or passphrase that is on your router and click
Connect.
It may take 20-30 seconds to connect to the wireless network. If the connection
fails, please verify that the security settings are correct. The key or passphrase
must be exactly the same as on the wireless router.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
Configure WPA™/WPA2™ Passphrase
Using the Windows® XP Utility
It is recommended to enable WEP on your wireless router or access point before configuring your wireless adapter. If you are joining
an existing network, you will need to know the WEP key being used.
1.Open the Windows ® XP Wireless Utility by right-clicking
on the wireless computer icon in your system tray
(lower-right corner of screen). Select View Available Wireless
Networks.
2.Highlight the wireless network (SSID) you would like to
connect to and click Connect.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
3.The Wireless Network Connection box will appear. Enter the
WPA-PSK passphrase and click Connect.
It may take 20-30 seconds to connect to the wireless network. If the
connection fails, please verify that the WPA-PSK settings are correct.
The WPA-PSK passphrase must be exactly the same as on the
wireless router or access point.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
Configure WPA™/WPA2™-Enterprise
Using the D-Link Wireless Connection Manager
WPA/WPA2-Enterprise is for advanced users who are familiar with using a RADIUS server and setting up certificates.
1.Open the Wireless Connection Manager by double-clicking on the D-Link icon on your
desktop. Click on New to create a new profile or highlight an existing profile and click
Modify.
2.Select WPA/WPA2-Enterprise under Set Security Option and then select TKIP or
AES.
3. Click on Advanced Config to continue.
4.Next to EAP Type, select EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS, or PEAP. Extensible Authentication
Protocols allow devices on the network to request authentication from the RADIUS
server in the network. All the devices on the network must use the same EAP type
when using a RADIUS server for authentication. Some RADIUS servers require
that the Validate Server field be selected. Check this field if your RADIUS server
requires validation.
5. Select an User Certificate from the drop-down menu.
6. Enter the login information required to authenticate.
7. Click Add to enter the IP address(es) of your RADIUS servers.
8. Click OK to save your settings.
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Section 4 - Wireless Security
Configure 802.1x (RADIUS)
Using the D-Link Utility
802.1x is for advanced users who are familiar with using a RADIUS server and
setting up certificates.
1. Open the Wireless Utility by double-clicking on the D-Link icon in your system
tray (lower-right corner of screen). Click on New to create a new profile or
highlight an existing profile and click Modify.
2. Select 802.1x under Set Security Option.
4. Next to EAP Type, select EAP-TLS, LEAP, EAP-TTLS, or PEAP. Extensible
Authentication Protocols allow devices on the network to request authentication
from the RADIUS server in the network. All the devices on the network must
use the same EAP type when using a RADIUS server for authentication. Some
RADIUS servers require that the Validate Server field be selected. Check this
field if your RADIUS server requires validation.
5. Select an User Certificate from the drop-down menu.
6. Enter the login information required to authenticate.
7. Click Add to enter the IP address(es) of your RADIUS servers.
8. Click OK to save your settings.
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Section 5 - Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides solutions to problems that can occur during the installation and operation of the DWA-556. Read the following
descriptions if you are having problems. (The examples below are illustrated in Windows® XP. If you have a different operating
system, the screenshots on your computer will look similar to the following examples.)
1. How do I know if my adapter is installed properly?
Go to Start > My Computer > Properties.
Select the Hardware Tab.
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Section 5 - Troubleshooting
Click the + sign next to Network Adapters.
Right-click on D-Link DWA-556 Wireless Desktop
Adapter.
Select Properties to check that the drivers are installed
properly.
Look under Device Status to check that the device is
working properly. Click OK to continue.
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D-Link DWA-556 Wireless Desktop Adapter
D-Link DWA-556
Wireless Desktop Adapter
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Section 5 - Troubleshooting
2. I cannot connect to the access point or the wireless router.
• Make sure that the SSID on the DWA-556 desktop adapter is exactly the same as the SSID on the Access Point or
wireless router.
• Move the DWA-556 and Access Point or Wireless router into the same room and then test the wireless connection.
• Disable all security settings. (WEP, MAC Address Control, AES)
• Make sure that the Radio is not locked down to a different frequency
• Turn off your Access Point and the computer with the DWA-556. Turn on the Access Point, and then turn on the
computer with the DWA-556.
• Refresh the DWA-556 Utility
3. The DWA-556 Power and Link lights are not on.
• Check to see if the DWA-556 desktop adapter is firmly inserted into the PCI Express slot of your laptop computer.
4. I forgot my encryption key.
• Reset the Access Point to its factory default settings and restore the DWA-556 Wireless Desktop Adapter to the factory
default settings. The default settings are listed in the Configuration section in this manual.
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Section 5 - Troubleshooting
5. The computer does not recognize the DWA-556 Wireless Adapter.
• Make sure that the DWA-556 Wireless Adapter is properly seated in the computer’s PCI Express slot.
• If Windows does not detect the hardware upon insertion of the adapter, make sure to completely remove drivers that
were previously loaded. To remove the drivers, do the following:
A. Under Tools > select Folder Options… > select View > under Hidden files and folders > select Show hidden files
and folders.
B. Uncheck Hide extension for known file types > click on Apply
C. Search for previously loaded driver files. Remove these files from the INF and SYSTEM (DRIVERS) folders in the
Windows directory. Note: Windows® XP and 2000 will rename .inf files that have not received WHQL certification
into oem.inf files (e.g., oem1.inf).
6. The computer with the DWA-556 installed is unable to connect to the wireless network and/or the Internet.
• Check that the LED indicators for the broadband modem are indicating normal activity. If not, there
may be a problem with the broadband connection.
• Check that the LED indicators on the wireless router are functioning properly. If not, check that the
AC power and Ethernet cables are firmly connected.
• Check that the IP Address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS settings are correctly entered for the
network.
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Section 5 - Troubleshooting
• In Infrastructure mode, make sure the same Service Set Identifier (SSID) is specified on the
settings for the wireless clients and access points. The SSID factory default setting for D-Link
products is default.
• In Ad Hoc mode, both wireless clients will need to have the same SSID. Please note that it might
be necessary to set up one client to establish a BSS (Basic Service Set) and wait briefly before
setting up other clients. This prevents several clients from trying to establish a BSS at the same
time, which can result in multiple singular BSSs being established, rather than a single BSS with
multiple clients associated to it.
• Check that the Network Connection for the wireless client is configured properly. Select AP
(Infrastructure) when connecting to an access point and select Ad Hoc mode when connecting
without an access point. Double-click on the WLAN icon in the taskbar > click on Configuration to
change the settings for the wireless adapter.
• If Security is enabled, make sure that the correct encryption keys are entered on both the DWA-556
and the access point. Double-click on the WLAN icon in the taskbar > click Encryption. Check
to see that the key selected is set to the same key as other devices on the network.
7. How can I troubleshoot distance issues using the DWA-556?
• Move the DWA-556 and Access Point or Wireless router into the same room and then test the
wireless connection.
• Change the channel of the Access Point.
• Move devices within the line of sight.
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
Wireless Basics
D-Link wireless products are based on industry standards to provide easy-to-use and compatible high-speed wireless connectivity
within your home, business or public access wireless networks. Strictly adhering to the IEEE standard, the D-Link wireless family
of products will allow you to securely access the data you want, when and where you want it. You will be able to enjoy the freedom
that wireless networking delivers.
A wireless local area network (WLAN) is a cellular computer network that transmits and receives data with radio signals instead of
wires. Wireless LANs are used increasingly in both home and office environments, and public areas such as airports, coffee shops
and universities. Innovative ways to utilize WLAN technology are helping people to work and communicate more efficiently. Increased
mobility and the absence of cabling and other fixed infrastructure have proven to be beneficial for many users.
Wireless users can use the same applications they use on a wired network. Wireless adapter cards used on laptop and desktop
systems support the same protocols as Ethernet adapter cards.
Under many circumstances, it may be desirable for mobile network devices to link to a conventional Ethernet LAN in order to use
servers, printers or an Internet connection supplied through the wired LAN. A Wireless Router is a device used to provide this link.
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
What is Wireless?
Wireless or Wi-Fi technology is another way of connecting your computer to the network without using wires. Wi-Fi uses radio
frequency to connect wirelessly, so you have the freedom to connect computers anywhere in your home or office network.
Why D-Link Wireless?
D-Link is the worldwide leader and award winning designer, developer, and manufacturer of networking products.
D-Link delivers the performance you need at a price you can afford. D-Link has all the products you need to build your network.
How does wireless work?
Wireless works similar to how cordless phone work, through radio signals to transmit data from one point A to point B. But wireless
technology has restrictions as to how you can access the network. You must be within the wireless network range area to be able
to connect your computer. There are two different types of wireless networks Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), and Wireless
Personal Area Network (WPAN).
Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)
In a wireless local area network, a device called an Access Point (AP) connects computers to the network. The access point has a
small antenna attached to it, which allows it to transmit data back and forth over radio signals. With an indoor access point as seen
in the picture, the signal can travel up to 300 feet. With an outdoor access point the signal can reach out up to 30 miles to serve
places like manufacturing plants, industrial locations, college and high school campuses, airports, golf courses, and many other
outdoor venues.
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN)
Bluetooth is the industry standard wireless technology used for WPAN. Bluetooth devices in WPAN operate in a range up to 30 feet
away.
Compared to WLAN the speed and wireless operation range are both less than WLAN, but in return it doesn’t use nearly as much
power which makes it ideal for personal devices, such as mobile phones, PDAs, headphones, laptops, speakers, and other devices
that operate on batteries.
Who uses wireless?
Wireless technology as become so popular in recent years that almost everyone is using it, whether it’s for home, office, business,
D-Link has a wireless solution for it.
Home
• Gives everyone at home broadband access
• Surf the web, check email, instant message, and etc
• Gets rid of the cables around the house
• Simple and easy to use
Small Office and Home Office
• Stay on top of everything at home as you would at office
• Remotely access your office network from home
• Share Internet connection and printer with multiple computers
• No need to dedicate office space
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
Where is wireless used?
Wireless technology is expanding everywhere not just at home or office. People like the freedom of mobility and it’s becoming so
popular that more and more public facilities now provide wireless access to attract people. The wireless connection in public places
is usually called “hotspots”.
Using a D-Link wireless desktop adapter with your laptop, you can access the hotspot to connect to Internet from remote locations
like: Airports, Hotels, Coffee Shops, Libraries, Restaurants, and Convention Centers.
Wireless network is easy to setup, but if you’re installing it for the first time it could be quite a task not knowing where to start. That’s
why we’ve put together a few setup steps and tips to help you through the process of setting up a wireless network.
Tips
Here are a few things to keep in mind, when you install a wireless network.
Centralize your router or Access Point
Make sure you place the router/access point in a centralized location within your network for the best performance. Try to place the
router/access point as high as possible in the room, so the signal gets dispersed throughout your home. If you have a two-story
home, you may need a repeater to boost the signal to extend the range.
Eliminate Interference
Place home appliances such as cordless telephones, microwaves, and televisions as far away as possible from the router/access
point. This would significantly reduce any interference that the appliances might cause since they operate on same frequency.
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Appendix A - Wireless Basics
Security
Don’t let your next-door neighbors or intruders connect to your wireless network. Secure your wireless network by turning on the
WPA or WEP security feature on the router. Refer to product manual for detail information on how to set it up.
Wireless Modes
There are basically two modes of networking:
•Infrastructure – All wireless clients will connect to an access point or wireless router.
•Ad Hoc – Directly connecting to another computer, for peer-to-peer communication, using wireless network adapters
on each computer, such as two or more DWA-556 wireless network wireless desktop adapters.
An Infrastructure network contains an Access Point or wireless router. All the wireless devices, or clients, will connect to the wireless
router or access point.
An Ad Hoc network contains only clients, such as laptops with wireless desktop adapters. All the adapters must be in Ad Hoc mode
to communicate.
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Appendix B - Networking Basics
Networking Basics
Check your IP address
After you install your new D-Link adapter, by default, the TCP/IP settings should be set to obtain an IP address from a DHCP server
(i.e. wireless router) automatically. To verify your IP address, please follow the steps below.
Click on Start > Run. In the run box type cmd and click OK.
At the prompt, type ipconfig and press Enter.
This will display the IP address, subnet mask, and the
default gateway of your adapter.
If the address is 0.0.0.0, check your adapter installation,
security settings, and the settings on your router. Some
firewall software programs may block a DHCP request
on newly installed adapters.
If you are connecting to a wireless network at a hotspot
(e.g. hotel, coffee shop, airport), please contact an
employee or administrator to verify their wireless network settings.
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Appendix B - Networking Basics
Statically Assign an IP address
If you are not using a DHCP capable gateway/router, or you need to assign a static IP address, please follow the steps below:
Step 1
Windows® XP - Click on Start > Control Panel > Network Connections.
Windows® 2000 - From the desktop, right-click My Network Places > Properties.
Step 2
Right-click on the Local Area Connection which represents your D-Link network adapter and select Properties.
Step 3
Highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
Step 4
Click Use the following IP address and enter an IP address that is on the same subnet as your network or the LAN IP address on
your router.
Example: If the router´s LAN IP address is 192.168.0.1, make your IP address 192.168.0.X
where X is a number between 2 and 99. Make sure that the number you choose is not in
use on the network. Set Default Gateway the same as the LAN IP address of your router
(192.168.0.1).
Set Primary DNS the same as the LAN IP address of your router (192.168.0.1). The Secondary
DNS is not needed or you may enter a DNS server from your ISP.
Step 5
Click OK twice to save your settings.
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Appendix C - Technical Specifications
Technical Specifications
Standards*
• IEEE 802.11b
• IEEE 802.11g
• IEEE 802.11n (draft)
Security
• WPA - Wi-Fi Protected Access
• 64/128-bit WEP
Frequency Range
• 2.4GHz to 2.462GHz
External Antenna Type
• Dipole with detachable reverse SMA connector
Operating Temperature
• 32°F to 131°F ( 0°C to 55°C)
Humidity
• 95% maximum (non-condensing)
Dimensions
• L = 4.64 (114.3mm)
• W = 2.13 (54mm)
• H = 0.34 inches (8.7mm)
Weight
• 0.12 lb (55g)
Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE Standard 802.11g and draft 802.11n specifications. Actual data throughput will vary. Network conditions and environmental factors,
including volume of network traffic, building materials and construction, and network overhead, lower actual data throughput rate. Environmental factors will adversely affect wireless
signal range.
•
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