Xantrex™ GT250
Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter
Xantrex GT250 480
Xantrex GT250 480 PG
Xantrex GT250 600
Planning and Installation Manual
www.schneider-electric.com
Xantrex GT250
Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter
Planning and Installation Manual
www.schneider-electric.com
Copyright and Contact
Trademarks
Schneider Electric, the Schneider Electric logo, and Xantrex are trademarks or registered trademarks of the
Schneider Electric group of companies. Other trademarks, registered trademarks, and product names are the
property of their respective owners and are used herein for identification purposes only.
Notice of Copyright
Copyright © 2008, 2009, 2010 Xantrex Technology Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be
reproduced in any form or disclosed to third parties without the express written consent of:
Xantrex Technology Inc.
161-G South Vasco Road
Livermore, California USA 94551
Xantrex Technology Inc. reserves the right to revise this document and to periodically make changes to the
content hereof without obligation or organization of such revisions or changes unless required to do so by prior
arrangement.
Exclusion for Documentation
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, XANTREX TECHNOLOGY INC. (“XANTREX”)
(A) MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY TECHNICAL OR OTHER INFORMATION
PROVIDED IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION;
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INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY
SUCH INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S RISK; AND
(C) REMINDS YOU THAT IF THIS MANUAL IS IN ANY LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH, ALTHOUGH STEPS HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO
MAINTAIN THE ACCURACY OF THE TRANSLATION, THE ACCURACY CANNOT BE GUARANTEED. APPROVED XANTREX CONTENT IS
CONTAINED WITH THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE VERSION WHICH IS POSTED AT WWW.SCHNEIDER-ELECTRIC.COM.
Date and Revision
December 2010 Revision D
Part Number
153396
Contact Information
www.schneider-electric.com
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For other country details please contact your local Schneider Electric Sales Representative or visit our website at:
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About This Manual
Purpose
The purpose of this Planning and Installation Manual is to provide explanations
and procedures for planning and installing the Schneider Electric Xantrex GT250
Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
Scope
The Manual provides safety guidelines, detailed planning and setup information,
and procedures for installing the inverter.
Audience
Anyone who plans to construct or install a system involving the Xantrex GT250
Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter. Only qualified personnel should perform the
planning, installation and commissioning of the Xantrex GT250.
Qualified personnel have training, knowledge, and experience in:
•
Installing electrical equipment and PV power systems (up to 1000 V).
•
Applying all applicable installation codes.
•
Analyzing and reducing the hazards involved in performing electrical work.
•
Selecting and using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
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About This Manual
Organization
This Manual is organized into five chapters and two appendices:
Chapter 1, “Introduction” provides information about the features and functions
of the Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
Chapter 2, “Planning” provides information to help plan the installation of the
Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
Chapter 3, “Installation” describes the procedures needed to install the Xantrex
GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter. This section includes unpacking and
moving instructions, mounting instructions, and cabling instructions.
Chapter 4, “Verification” provides a checklist to ensure the installation of the
Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter is correct and complete.
Chapter 5, “Commissioning” contains information for qualified personnel to safely
commission the Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
Appendix A provides the environmental and electrical specifications for the
Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
Appendix B contains the Commissioning Test Record for the Xantrex GT250
Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
Conventions Used
The following conventions are used in this guide.
WARNING
Warnings identify conditions or practices that could result in personal injury or
loss of life.
CAUTION
Cautions identify conditions or practices that could result in damage to the unit or
other equipment.
Important: These notes describe things which are important for you to know, but
not as serious as a caution or warning.
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About This Manual
Xantrex GT250 Models
This Planning and Installation Manual contains information for three models of the
Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
When all models are being referenced together, they will be referred to as
the Xantrex GT250.
When the models are being referenced individually, they will be referred to by
their model number, as shown in the table below.
Model Number
Grounding
Utility Input Voltage
Xantrex GT250 480
Negative ground
480 Vac
Xantrex GT250 480 PG
Positive ground
480 Vac
Xantrex GT250 600
Negative ground
600 Vac
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About This Manual
Abbreviations and Acronyms
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
CCU2
Converter Control Unit 2
CFM
Cubic Feet per Minute
CW
Clockwise
DSP
Digital Signal Processor
GUI
Graphical User Interface
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IGBT
Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor
kcmil
1000 circular mils
LM
Liter per Minute
NFPA
National Fire Protection Association
PV
Photovoltaic
UFCU
Universal Frontpanel Control Unit
VFD
Vacuum Fluorescent Display
Related Information
You can find more information about Schneider Electric as well as its products
and services at www.schneider-electric.com.
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Important Safety Instructions
READ AND SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS - DO
NOT DISCARD
This manual contains important safety instructions for the Xantrex GT250 GridTied Photovoltaic Inverter that must be followed during installation and
maintenance procedures.
WARNING: Shock Hazard
Read and keep this Planning and Installation Manual for future reference.
Before operating and maintaining the Xantrex GT250, read all instructions,
cautionary markings, and all other appropriate sections of this manual. Failure to
adhere to these warnings could result in severe shock or possible death.
Exercise extreme caution at all times to prevent accidents.
WARNING: Risk of electric shock, explosion, and arc flash
• The Xantrex GT250 enclosure contains exposed high voltage conductors.
• The enclosure doors should remain closed with the latches tightened, except
during installation, maintenance or testing.
• These instructions are for use by qualified personnel, as defined in “About
This Manual”, who meet all local and governmental code requirements for
licensing and training for the installation of Electrical Power Systems with AC
and DC voltage to 600 volts.
• To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not perform any servicing other than
that specified in the installation instructions unless you are qualified to do so.
• Do not open the cabinet doors if extreme moisture is present (rain or heavy
dew).
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Safety
WARNING: Multiple sources with risk of electric shock,
explosion, and arc flash
In order to remove all sources of voltage from the Xantrex GT250, the incoming
power must be de-energized at the source. This may be done at the main utility
circuit breaker, the PV array disconnect, and by opening the AC disconnect and
the DC disconnect switch on the Xantrex GT250. Follow the “Lock-out and Tagout (De-energize/Isolation Procedure)” on page xiii to de-energize the Xantrex
GT250 and test all circuits to verify that the inverter is fully de-energized, before
servicing or maintenance. Opening the AC and DC disconnect switches on the
inverter does not remove all power from the inverter. Review the system
configuration to determine all of the possible sources of energy. In addition, allow
five minutes for the DC bus capacitors to discharge after removing power.
WARNING: Shock hazard
If a ground fault has occurred, there may be potential between TB4 and GND.
The normally grounded pole may be energized and ungrounded.
WARNING: Amputation hazard
The inverters contain fans with hazardous rotating parts. Keep hands away from
the fans while the inverter is energized.
WARNING: Limitations on use
The Xantrex GT250 inverters are not intended for use in connection with life
support systems or other medical equipment or devices. The Xantrex GT250 may
only be used in grid-interconnected PV systems. They are not suitable for any
other application areas.
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Safety
Risks
WARNING: Explosion Hazard
The IGBT module may explode in the event of a major malfunction.
Do not operate the inverter with the doors open.
WARNING: Crush Hazard
The inverters have a very high balance point and can easily topple down. Only
move while exercising care.
WARNING: Burn Hazard
Inverters contain components that become hot during normal operation. Do not
touch.
CAUTION
The inverters have a supply air and exhaust air area, which must remain
unobstructed. The device can overheat and be destroyed if the installation signs
are not adhered to.
CAUTION
Inverter electronics can be destroyed when touched and when electrostatically
charged. Discharge via earth potential before touching and wear appropriate
protective gear.
CAUTION
No connections or disconnections are to be made at the terminal strips or
internal connectors during operation. Turn the unit off before performing any
terminal work; wait five minutes for the capacitors to discharge and recheck to
ensure internal components are no longer energized.
General Safety Precautions
1. When installing the Xantrex GT250 use only components recommended or
sold by Schneider Electric. Doing otherwise may result in a risk of fire,
electric shock, injury to persons, and will void the warranty.
2. Do not attempt to operate the Xantrex GT250 if it has been dropped, or
received more than cosmetic damage during transport or shipping. If the
Xantrex GT250 is damaged, or suspected to be damaged, see the Warranty
section of this manual.
3. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, lock out, and tag out the Xantrex
GT250 before attempting any maintenance, service, or cleaning.
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Safety
Personal Safety
Follow these instructions to ensure your safety while working with the Xantrex
GT250.
Never work alone when servicing this equipment. A team of two is required until
the equipment is properly de-energized, locked-out and tagged-out, and verified
de-energized with a meter.
Thoroughly inspect the equipment prior to energizing. Verify that no tools or
equipment have inadvertently been left behind.
Qualified Personnel
Only qualified personnel should perform the troubleshooting and maintenance of
the Xantrex GT250. Follow all national and local electrical codes and worker
safety regulations.
Qualified personnel have training, knowledge, and experience in:
•
Installing electrical equipment and PV power systems (up to 1000 V).
•
Applying all applicable installation codes.
•
Analyzing and reducing the hazards involved in performing electrical work.
•
Selecting and using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
Safety Equipment
Authorized service personnel must be equipped with standard safety equipment
including the following:
•
Safety glasses
•
Ear protection
•
Steel-toed safety boots
•
Safety hard hats
•
Padlocks and tags
•
Appropriate meter to verify that the circuits are de-energized
(1000 Vac and DC rated, minimum)
Check local safety regulations for other requirements.
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Safety
Wiring Requirements
1. All wiring methods and materials shall be in accordance with the
National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70, as well as all state and local
code requirements.
•
Use copper conductors with an insulation rating of 90°C.
2. The Xantrex GT250 has a three-phase, four-wire output.
3. The Xantrex GT250 is interfaced with the AC utility grid at TB1 (TB1-A, TB1-B,
TB1-C and TB1-N), located in the lower left side of the enclosure. These
terminals require the use of a UL-approved crimp-on type ring terminal or a
UL-approved compression-type lug certified for use with the chosen
interface cables. Keep these cables together as much as possible and
ensure that all cables pass through the same knockout and conduit fittings,
allowing any inductive currents to cancel.
For torque values, see Table A-6 on page A–6. See Figure 1-3 on page 1–5
for the location of these terminals.
4. The AC neutral terminals (H0 and X0), shall be left floating (not connected)
on both the utility and inverter sides of the isolation transformer. See “Inverter
Isolation Transformer” on page 2–4 for details.
5. The Xantrex GT250 is interfaced with the DC photovoltaic array at TB3, as
well as TB4 and TB5 (PV GND), located in the lower right side of the
enclosure. Do not connect the grounded power conductor from the PV array
directly to TB5 (PV GND); doing so will bypass the ground fault detector and
violate the NEC.
6. The TB3, TB4, and TB5 terminals require the use of a UL-approved crimp-on
type ring lug or a UL-approved compression-type lug certified for use with
the chosen interface cables. Keep these cables together as much as
possible and ensure that all cables pass through the same knockout and
conduit fittings, allowing any inductive currents to cancel. For acceptable
torque values for the box style connectors and the TB3, TB4, and TB5
terminals, see Table A-7 on page A–6. See Figure 1-5 on page 1–8 and
Table 1-1 on page 1–8 for the location and polarity of these terminals.
7. This product is intended to be installed as part of a permanently grounded
electrical system as per the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70, as well
as all state and local code requirements. A copper clad earth grounding
electrode must be installed within 3 ft. (1 m) of the Xantrex GT250 enclosure.
The AC ground bus bar (TB2), located in the lower left side of the Xantrex
GT250 enclosure, must be used as the single point connection to the earth
grounding electrode for the inverter system.
8. The equipment grounds on the Xantrex GT250 are marked with
9. AC overcurrent protection for the utility interconnect (Grid-tie) must be
provided by the installers as part of the Xantrex GT250 installation.
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Safety
CAUTION: Fire Hazard
In accordance with the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70, connect only to
a circuit provided with the following maximum branch circuit overcurrent
protection:
• Xantrex GT250 480 and Xantrex GT250 480 PG – 400 A
• Xantrex GT250 600 – 350 A
Inverter Isolation Transformer
The Xantrex GT250 includes a custom, high-efficiency, isolation transformer. The
utility side windings of the isolation transformer are configured Wye and must
match the voltage at the utility inter-tie. The Xantrex GT250 is a balanced,
three-phase, current-sourcing inverter and only operates with the presence of a
stable utility voltage. The transformer is supplied with a neutral connection on
both the primary and secondary windings. Connection of these neutral terminals
will affect the operation of the Xantrex GT250 and must be left floating or
disconnected. Single-phase, grounded loads which may be present between the
transformer and utility, will maintain their existing ground reference at the utility
distribution transformer.
CAUTION: Equipment Damage
If the Isolation Transformer neutral (H0 and X0) terminals are tied to ground, they
may cause irreparable damage to the Xantrex GT250.
Operational Safety Procedures
Never work alone when servicing this equipment. A team of two is required until
the equipment is properly de-energized, locked-out and tagged, and verified
de-energized with a meter.
Thoroughly inspect the equipment prior to energizing. Verify that no tools or
equipment have been inadvertently left behind.
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Safety
Lock-out and Tag-out (De-energize/Isolation Procedure)
Safety requirements mandate that this equipment not be serviced while
energized. Power sources for the Xantrex GT250 must be locked-out and
tagged-out prior to servicing. A padlock and tag should be installed on each
energy source prior to servicing.
WARNING: Shock hazard
Review the system schematic for the installation to verify that all available energy
sources are de-energized. DC bus voltage may also be present. Once all
sources of input are identified and isolated, allow five minutes for all capacitors
within the main enclosure to completely discharge before proceeding.
The Xantrex GT250 can be energized from both the AC source and the DC
source. To ensure that the inverter is de-energized prior to servicing, lock out
and tag out the Xantrex GT250 using the following procedure.
1. Turn the Xantrex GT250 main ON/OFF switch (S3) to the OFF position.
This stops the inverter from exporting power to the AC utility grid.
2. Open, lock out, and tag out the incoming power at the utility main circuit
breaker.
3. Open, lock out, and tag out the AC disconnect (CB1) on the left door of the
Xantrex GT250. See Figure 1-10 on page 1–14 for the location of the AC
disconnect.
4. Open, lock out, and tag out the incoming power at the PV array disconnect (if
installed.) If a PV array disconnect is not installed, see the WARNING below.
5. Open, lock out, and tag out the DC disconnect switch (S1) on the right door
of the Xantrex GT250. See Figure 1-10 on page 1–14 for the location of the
DC disconnect switch.
WARNING: Shock Hazard
Schneider Electric recommends the installation of PV array disconnect(s) to ensure
personal safety during Xantrex GT250 maintenance. Without PV array disconnect(s),
once the DC disconnect switch (S1) is open, there will still be DC voltage on the DC
terminals TB3, TB4 AND TB5 (PV GND). This voltage may be as high as the opencircuit voltage of the PV array and is limited to 600 Vdc per NEC 690. Use extreme
care to avoid these terminals if no PV array disconnect is installed.
6. Using a confirmed, accurate meter, verify all power to the inverter is
de-energized, as described in Steps 7 and 8. A confirmed, accurate meter
must be verified on a known voltage before use.
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Safety
7. Ensure that all incoming energy sources are de-energized by checking the
following AC utility terminal locations at all line-to-line and all line-to-ground
configurations.
•
AC Utility Terminals: [TB1-A, TB1-B, TB1-C, TB1-N, and TB2 (GND BUS)]
See Figure i on page 1–xiv for the location of these terminals.
TB1-N terminal
TB1-B Phase terminal
TB1-A Phase terminal
TB2 Ground bar
TB1-C Phase terminal
Figure i AC Terminal Connections from the Utility
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Safety
8. Ensure that all incoming energy sources are de-energized by checking the
following PV terminal locations at PV+ to PV-, PV+ to PV ground, and PV- to
PV ground configurations.
•
PV Terminals: [TB3, TB4 and TB5 (PV GND)]
See Figure ii on page 1–xv for the location of these terminals.
WARNING: Shock hazard
If a ground fault has occurred, there may be potential between TB4 and GND.
The normally grounded pole may be energized and ungrounded.
Important: Note: If no external disconnect has been installed, do not check
voltage at these points.
Instead, check voltage on the inverter side of DC switch S1.
TB4
TB3
TB5 (PV GND)
Figure ii DC Terminal Locations
Interconnection Standards Compliance
The Xantrex GT250 is designed to meet NEC Article 690 and UL1741 2nd Ed
Inverters, Converters, Controllers and Interconnection System Equipment for Use
with Distributed Energy Resources, which includes testing for IEEE 1547.1 and
IEEE 1547.
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xvi
Contents
Important Safety Instructions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -vii
1
Introduction
Description of the Xantrex GT250- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–2
Power Conversion System - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–2
Advanced Design Features - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–2
Physical Characteristics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–3
AC Interface - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–5
AC Utility Terminals - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–5
Auxiliary Control Interface - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–6
Communications Circuit - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–6
Power Electronics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7
Converter Control Unit (CCU2) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7
Power Electronics Matrix - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7
DC Interface - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7
DC Terminals - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–8
Heater Fans - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–9
Circuit Diagram - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–10
Operator Interface Controls - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–11
ON/OFF Switch - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–12
Auxiliary ENABLE/DISABLE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–12
AC Disconnect and DC Disconnect Switch - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–13
Communication Features and Methods - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–15
System Status and Fault Reporting - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–15
Data Logging - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–17
Oscillography - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–18
Optional Equipment - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–18
Communication Modems - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–18
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Contents
2
Planning
Overview of Xantrex GT250 Installation - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - PV Planning - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Environmental Requirements- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ground Requirements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - System Neutral Requirements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Inverter Isolation Transformer - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Electrical Diagrams - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Conduit Entry- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Anchoring the Xantrex GT250 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
3
2–2
2–3
2–3
2–4
2–4
2–4
2–5
2–6
2–8
Installation
Unloading - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–2
Moving the Xantrex GT250 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–2
Unpacking the Xantrex GT250 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–2
Removing the Pallet and Moving the Xantrex GT250 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–3
Moving with a Forklift - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–3
Moving with a Sling - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–4
Removing the Air Intake Duct - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–5
Mounting and Anchoring the Units- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–6
Opening or Closing Access Doors- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–7
Wiring - General Requirements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–8
Overcurrent Protection - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–9
Conductor Termination - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–9
Grounding - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–10
System Neutral - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–10
Connecting the Conductors - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–11
AC Wiring - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–11
Auxiliary Control Interface - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–11
PV Wiring to the DC Interface - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–13
Remote Communications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–14
Graphic User Interface (GUI) Software - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–14
PC Connection Methods - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–14
4
Verification
Verification Procedure Summary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Visual Inspection of Mechanical Connections - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Visual Inspection of Electrical Connections - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Corrective Action - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
5
4–2
4–3
4–3
4–3
Commissioning
Commissioning Procedure - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Starting the Commissioning Test - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Serial Number - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Inverter Enclosure - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
xviii
5–2
5–3
5–3
5–3
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Contents
Verify AC Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Verify DC Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Apply Grid Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Front Panel Display - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Confirm AC Operational Parameters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Confirm DC Operational Parameters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Confirm Power Tracker Configuration Operational Parameters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Apply DC Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Matrix Test - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Operate Inverter - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Functional Test - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Revised Protection Settings (If Required) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Completed Commissioning - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
5–3
5–3
5–4
5–4
5–4
5–4
5–4
5–5
5–5
5–5
5–5
5–6
5–6
A Specifications
System Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–2
Environmental Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–2
Electrical Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–3
Regulatory Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–3
Over Voltage, Under Voltage and Frequency Ranges - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–4
Arc Flash Information - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–5
Bolt Sizing and Torque Requirements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–6
Dimensions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–7
B Commissioning Test Record
Commissioning Test Record - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - B–3
Index - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -IX–1
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xx
Figures
Figure 1-1
Figure 1-2
Figure 1-3
Figure 1-4
Figure 1-5
Figure 1-6
Figure 1-7
Figure 1-8
Figure 1-9
Figure 1-10
Figure 1-11
Figure 2-1
Figure 2-2
Figure 2-3
Figure 2-4
Figure 3-1
Figure 3-2
Figure 3-3
Figure 3-4
Figure 3-5
Figure 3-6
Figure 3-7
Figure 3-8
Figure 3-9
Figure 3-10
Figure 3-11
Figure A-1
Main Inverter (Open Enclosure View) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–3
Xantrex GT250 Major Sections - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–4
AC Utility Terminals - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–5
Remote Control Terminal Connections- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–6
DC Terminals - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–8
Heater Fan Locations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–9
Xantrex GT250 Circuit Diagram- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–10
Xantrex GT250 Operator Interface Components - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–11
ON/OFF Switch - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–12
AC and DC Disconnect Switches - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–14
VFD Display and UFCU Location - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–16
Xantrex GT250 Electrical Diagram - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–5
Conduit Entries Beneath Enclosure, Bottom View - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–6
Conduit Entries Above Ground, Multiple Views- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–7
Main Inverter Anchor Bolt Pattern, Bottom View - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–8
Center of Gravity - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–3
Forklift Lifting Locations - Underneath Unit- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–4
Moving with a Sling - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–4
Removing the Air Intake Duct - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–5
AC Interface Access Door - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–7
DC Interface Access Door - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–7
Single-point Ground; Ground Bar - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–10
AC Terminal Connections from the Utility - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–12
Auxiliary Control Interface Terminal Connections - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–12
PV Array Cable Routing and Terminations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–13
Modem Kit as Installed in the AC interface- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–14
Xantrex GT250 Dimensions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–7
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Tables
Table 1-1
Table 3-1
Table A-1
Table A-2
Table A-3
Table A-4
Table A-5
Table A-6
Table A-7
Table A-8
DC Terminal Polarity - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–8
DC Terminal Polarity - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–13
Environmental Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–2
Electrical Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–3
Regulatory Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–3
Over/Under Voltage and Over/Under Frequency Ranges - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–4
Over/Under Voltage and Over/Under Frequency Ranges - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–5
AC Terminal Bolt Size and Torque Values - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–6
DC Terminal Bolt Size and Torque Values - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–6
Auxiliary Control Interface Screw Size and Torque Values - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–6
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1
Introduction
Chapter 1, “Introduction” provides information
about the features and functions of the Xantrex
GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
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Introduction
Description of the Xantrex GT250
The Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter is a utility interactive,
three-phase power conversion system for grid-connected photovoltaic arrays with a
power rating of 250 kW. Designed to be easy to install and operate, the Xantrex
GT250 automates start-up, shutdown, and fault detection scenarios. With
user-definable power tracking that matches the inverter to the array and adjustable
delay periods, users are able to customize startup and shutdown sequences.
Multiple Xantrex GT250 inverters are easily paralleled for larger power installations.
Power Conversion System
The Xantrex GT250 power conversion system consists of a pulse-width modulated
(PWM) inverter, switch gear for isolation and protection of the connected AC and
DC power sources. Housed in a rugged NEMA 3R rated, corrosive resistant,
powder-coated steel enclosure, the Xantrex GT250 incorporates sophisticated
Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs) as the main power switching devices. An
advanced, field-proven, Maximum Peak Power Tracker (MPPT) integrated within the
Xantrex GT250 control firmware ensures the optimum power throughput for
harvesting energy from the photovoltaic array.
Advanced Design Features
The advanced design of the Xantrex GT250 includes an EMI output filter and the
main AC contactor located electrically on the utility side of the isolation
transformer to prevent transformer tare losses when the unit is not operating.
The Xantrex GT250 also includes an inrush limit assembly to prevent nuisance
utility circuit breaker trips when the isolation transformer is energized.
A sophisticated control scheme optimizes the operation of the Xantrex GT250
cooling fans as needed for increased overall system efficiency.
Additionally, the Xantrex GT250 integrated controller contains self-protection
features including over and under voltage and frequency safeguards in
compliance with UL1741 2nd Edition.
Anti-islanding
An integral anti-islanding protection scheme prevents the inverter from feeding
power to the grid in the event of a utility outage.
Auto-Phase
Rotation
The Xantrex GT250 includes the ability to auto-sense and correct for a
“mis-phased” connection at the AC interface terminals. In the event the power
conductors from the utility are not phased correctly at the AC interface terminals,
the Xantrex GT250 will sense the discrepancy and automatically correct for a
clockwise (A-B-C) phase rotation.
Local Display and
Remote Graphic
User Interface
The Xantrex GT250 includes a local user interface comprised of an ON/OFF
switch, keypad, and 4-line, 80 character VFD display.
A user-friendly Xantrex GT View Graphic User Interface (GUI) provides a remote
interface for operator interrogation of Xantrex GT250 system status, control,
metering/data logging and protective functions within the Xantrex GT250. The
status, control, and logging features are supported by an optional modem via an
RS232 connection for remote monitoring. Alternatively, a user selectable RS485/
Modbus connection is also available for remote plant monitoring.
1–2
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Physical Characteristics
Physical Characteristics
WARNING: Risk of electric shock, explosion and arc flash
Turning the ON/OFF switch to the OFF postion does not remove all hazardous
voltages from inside the inverter. Before attempting to service the Xantrex GT250,
follow the procedure for “Lock-out and Tag-out (De-energize/Isolation
Procedure)” on page xiii.
The Xantrex GT250 is assembled in a single NEMA-3R, corrosive resistant,
powder-coated enclosure that includes two access doors to house the
electronics described above. Internally, the Xantrex GT250 is compartmentalized
to include sections for the AC interface (left side), the power electronics (upper
middle), the isolation transformer (lower middle), and the DC interface (right
side). The single enclosure is constructed and delivered as one complete
assembly.
These sections are identified in Figure 1-2 on page 1–4.
Figure 1-1 Main Inverter (Open Enclosure View)
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Introduction
Power Electronics section
AC Interface
section
Isolation Transformer section
DC Interface
section
Figure 1-2 Xantrex GT250 Major Sections
1–4
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Physical Characteristics
AC Interface
The AC interface serves as the connection for the utility (see Figure 1-2 to locate
the AC interface). This compartment (section) houses the AC terminals (TB1-N,
-A, -B, and -C), AC disconnect, AC contactor, and EMI filter. Additionally, the
Inrush PCB assembly, control power transformer, control fuses, and AC sensing
circuitry are also housed in this section.
AC Utility Terminals
N
A
B
C
TB1
TB2
Figure 1-3 AC Utility Terminals
Each terminal provides one hole with space for two cables with a M10 bore
diameter per pole (see Table A-6 on page A–6 for torque requirements).
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Introduction
Auxiliary Control Interface
The Xantrex GT250 has provisions within the AC interface for installing auxiliary
control signals, for example, a remote ENABLE/DISABLE signal.
Auxiliary control via the remote ENABLE/DISABLE signal is advantageous for
coordination of the Xantrex GT250 at specific installations where a pre-existing
back-up emergency generator is present.
A dry contact circuit at the TB7 terminal is used for remote control of the input
signals. Circuit termination and signal type are identified in Table A-8 on page A–6.
Figure 1-4 Remote Control Terminal Connections
Communications Circuit
The Xantrex GT250 can be remotely accessed through an RS232 serial port or
through an RS485/Modbus connection. Schneider Electric offers modems that
can be connected to the RS232 port for remote monitoring. The remote user has
the ability to control and monitor the status of the inverter through this
connection.
Alternatively, a user selectable RS485/Modbus connection is also available for
remote plant monitoring. The CCU2 controller board within the Xantrex GT250
may be configured for RS485 serial communication using the Modbus protocol.
This enables users to monitor and control the inverter from a dedicated plant
wide monitoring system.
1–6
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Physical Characteristics
Power Electronics
The Xantrex GT250 power electronics section contains the converter control unit
(CCU2) and the power electronics matrix. Also found within the power electronics
section are the Hall-effect current transducers, and an internal air circulation fan.
Converter Control Unit (CCU2)
The CCU2 is a Digital Signal Processor (DSP) based control board that performs
numerous control and diagnostic functions associated with Xantrex GT250
operation. Its most significant tasks are control of Xantrex GT250
electromechanical components and power electronics converters,
communication with the Universal Front Panel Control Unit, and system sensors.
The CCU2 also contains the necessary DC power supplies to support its
operation.
Power Electronics Matrix
The power electronics converter matrix consists of switching transistors (IGBTs),
transistor gate drive electronics, laminated DC bus structure, DC capacitors and
an aluminium extrusion heatsink with cooling fans. The fans are located behind
the matrix assembly, and force air down through the heatsink.
The PV array is tied logically to the matrix DC bus within the DC interface section.
The embedded CCU2 control unit manages the transfer of power between the
DC bus and the utility grid.
DC Interface
The DC interface serves as the connection interface between the PV array and
the Xantrex GT250 (see Figure 1-2 on page 1–4 to locate the DC interface). This
section houses the DC disconnect switch and DC contactor. Additionally, the PV
ground fault detection circuitry, DC surge arrestor, solid state relays, and 48 Vdc
power supply are also housed in this section.
WARNING: Shock Hazard
Schneider Electric recommends the installation of PV array disconnect(s) to
ensure personal safety during Xantrex GT250 maintenance. Without PV array
disconnect(s), once the DC disconnect switch (S1) is open, there will be DC
voltage on the DC terminals TB3, TB4 AND TB5 (PV GND). This voltage may be
as high as the open-circuit voltage of the PV array and is limited to 600Vdc per
NEC 690. Use extreme care to avoid these terminals if no PV array disconnect is
installed.
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Introduction
DC Terminals
TB5
(PV GND)
TB3
TB4
Figure 1-5 DC Terminals
The terminals provide seven holes with space for fourteen cables with a M10
bore diameter per pole (see Table A-7 on page A–6 for torque requirements).
The table below describes the DC terminal polarity for each Xantrex GT250
model.
Table 1-1 DC Terminal Polarity
Model
TB3
TB4
TB5
Xantrex GT250 480
PV+
PV–
PV GND
Xantrex GT250 480 PG
PV–
PV+
PV GND
Xantrex GT250 600
PV+
PV–
PV GND
1–8
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Physical Characteristics
Heater Fans
The heater fans provide supplementary heat to Xantrex GT250 inverters installed
in particularly cold areas. The heaters are standard on Xantrex GT250 600
inverters, and optional on Xantrex GT250 480 and Xantrex GT250 480 PG
inverters. The heaters ensure that the air temperature within the interior of the
Xantrex GT250 cabinet remains elevated in cold climates and enables the
Xantrex GT250 to begin operation when the external ambient temperature is near
the minimum operating limit. In addition to aiding start-up in low temperatures,
the heater fans will help maintain a constant internal temperature in order to
prevent condensation inside the unit. Each of the three heaters is capable of
producing from 500 W (at 85 °F) to 700 W (at -4 °F) of power, dependant on
ambient temperature.
Heater 1 and 2 are installed on the AC interface door and heater 3 is installed in
the interior wall of the DC interface.
Heater Fan 3
Heater Fan 1
Heater Fan 2
AC Interface Door
DC Interface Door
Figure 1-6 Heater Fan Locations
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Introduction
Circuit Diagram
EMI
FILTER
CB1
TB1
A
AC GRID
3 PHASE
B
C
N
BOT
TOP
A
4
3
B
6
5
C
8
7
N
2
1
T1
250KVA
K1
AC CONTACTOR
S1
TB3
K2
H1
X1
H2
X2
A
L1
L2
+
A1
A2
1
2
3
4
5
6
PV+
B
C
L3
H3
X3
TB4
H0
TB2
POWER
MATRIX
SH
PV-
GND
LF1
SINGLE POINT
TO
EARTH GROUND
INRUSH LIMIT
CCU2
F4
R1
TB5
PV GND
Figure 1-7 Xantrex GT250 Circuit Diagram
1–10
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Operator Interface Controls
Operator Interface Controls
WARNING: Risk of electric shock, explosion and arc flash
Turning the ON/OFF switch to the OFF postion does not remove all hazardous
voltages from inside the inverter. Before attempting to service the Xantrex GT250,
follow the procedure for “Lock-out and Tag-out (De-energize/Isolation
Procedure)” on page xiii.
Operator interface controls are located on the left front door of the main inverter
enclosure. These controls include an ON/OFF switch, 4-line VFD display and
keypad called the Universal Frontpanel Control Unit (UFCU) used to manipulate
and view system operation and status. The keypad is comprised of 20 touchsensitive keys that provide a means to navigate through the menus and alter
user-changeable settings. Additionally, there is an AC disconnect switch handle
and DC disconnect switch handle on the AC interface door (left) and the DC
interface door (right) respectively.
VFD
Display
ON/OFF
Switch
Universal
Frontpanel
Control (UFCP)
AC Disconnect
(CB1)
DC
Disconnect
Switch (S1)
AC Interface
DC Interface
Figure 1-8 Xantrex GT250 Operator Interface Components
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Introduction
ON/OFF Switch
WARNING: Risk of electric shock, explosion and arc flash
Turning the ON/OFF switch to the OFF postion does not remove all hazardous
voltages from inside the inverter. Before attempting to service the Xantrex GT250,
follow the procedure for “Lock-out and Tag-out (De-energize/Isolation
Procedure)” on page xiii.
The Xantrex GT250 incorporates a maintained position ON/OFF switch located on
the left front door, under the UFCU. Under normal operating conditions, the ON/
OFF switch is in the ON position. Turning the switch to the OFF position will initiate
an immediate controlled shutdown of the Xantrex GT250 and open both the main
AC and DC contactors within the unit. The main AC and DC contactors cannot be
closed unless the switch is in the ON position. The Xantrex GT250 is prevented
from being restarted until the ON/OFF switch is turned back to the ON position.
Figure 1-9 ON/OFF Switch
Auxiliary ENABLE/DISABLE
The Xantrex GT250 also has provisions for installing an auxiliary ENABLE/DISABLE
switch in series with the local control. This is advantageous for coordination of the
Xantrex GT250 at specific installations where a pre-existing back-up emergency
generator is present. Circuit termination and signal type are identified in Table A8 on page A–6.
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Operator Interface Controls
AC Disconnect and DC Disconnect Switch
WARNING: Risk of electric shock, explosion and arc flash
Disengaging the inverter enclosure door interlock switches does not remove all
hazardous voltages from inside the inverter. Before attempting to service the
Xantrex GT250, follow the procedure for “Lock-out and Tag-out (De-energize/
Isolation Procedure)” on page xiii.
Both enclosure doors of the Xantrex GT250 are equipped with lockout hasps for
personnel safety. The enclosure doors should not be opened while the Xantrex
GT250 is operating.
The switch handles and shafts provide a mechanical door interlock for both the
AC and DC interface sections. The doors cannot be opened when the switches
are in the ON position.
Although the main ON/OFF switch (S3) is recommended for an orderly shutdown,
the DC disconnect switch is equipped with an auxiliary contact block which
enables the switch to be used as a load break DC disconnect. In the event the
DC disconnect switch is opened while the Xantrex GT250 is processing power
from the PV array, the early-break contact block will signal the CCU2 (converter
control Unit) to stop processing power prior to opening the DC disconnect
switch.
Additionally, opening the DC disconnect switch will cause the Xantrex GT250 to
execute an immediate orderly shutdown, open both the main AC and DC
contactors, and report a PV disconnect fault on the VFD of the UFCU.
Both Xantrex GT250 enclosure doors must be closed and locked during normal
operation.
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Introduction
AC Interface
DC Interface
AC Disconnect
(CB1)
DC
Disconnect
switch (S1)
Figure 1-10 AC and DC Disconnect Switches
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Communication Features and Methods
Communication Features and Methods
The Xantrex GT250 provides three types of information to the user:
•
•
•
system status and/or fault information,
data logging information, and
oscillography.
System status and fault information can be accessed using the Universal Front
Panel Control Unit (UFCU), via an RS232 connection to a PC or via an RS485/
Modbus connection to a remote monitoring system. Data logging and
oscillography is available via the RS232 or the RS485/Modbus connection.
The Xantrex GT250 communicates system status information to the user using
the following methods.
•
•
•
The Front Panel Control Unit (UFCU) Display
PC Connection (Remote) - Xantrex GT View Graphic User Interface (GUI)
Software required (may require additional hardware)
External Monitoring - (Optional) via an RS485/Modbus connection for remote
plant monitoring.
System Status and Fault Reporting
Basic system status and all fault conditions rising from within the Xantrex GT250
are reported to the UFCU. The 4-line VFD will display a hexadecimal value and a
brief text description of the fault. Additionally, the CCU2 stores the time and
details of all faults in non-volatile memory for later retrieval.
The fault value is also made available to the Xantrex GT View Graphic User
Interface (GUI) via the RS232 connection and the RS485/Modbus protocol and
will include a more extensive description of the fault.
The UFCU keypad is located on the left door to manipulate and view system
operation and status. The keypad is comprised of 20 membrane switch keys that
provide a means to navigate through the menus and alter user-settable settings.
See the Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter Operation and
Maintenance Manual (Part #: 153395) for details.
Types of status information include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Current Operating State or Goal State
Fault Code (if applicable)
Inverter State
Line Voltage and Current
Inverter Matrix Temperature
Inverter Power
PV State
PV Voltage and Current
PV Power
Grid Frequency
Peak Power Tracker Enabled
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Introduction
Universal Front Panel Control
Unit (UFCU)
VFD Display
Figure 1-11 VFD Display and UFCU Location
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Communication Features and Methods
Data Logging
The Xantrex GT250 inverter stores data values and software metrics for
debugging. The firmware maintains a data log located in the CCU2 non-volatile
memory with a capacity of 25840 32-bit words. The Xantrex GT250 records the
17 parameters listed below, and logs them into a circular buffer, such that the
earliest records shall be overwritten once the capacity of the buffer is exceeded.
The log capacity is 25840 / 20 = 1292 records (each record has 2 words for
timestamp and 18 words for parameters). Data logging requires the use of a PC
connection using the Xantrex GT View Graphic User Interface (GUI) software or
via the RS485/Modbus connection.
The following is the list of parameters which values shall be stored in the data
logging records:
•
Inverter Vab
•
Inverter Vbc
•
Inverter Vca
•
I Phase A
•
I Phase B
•
I Phase C
•
Grid Freq
•
Real Power
•
PV Voltage
•
PV Current
•
PV Power
•
System State
•
Fault Code
•
Intake air Temp.
•
L Matrix Temp.
•
R Matrix Temp.
•
Analog input
•
Fan speed control
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Introduction
Oscillography
The Xantrex GT250 includes a graphic data analysis tool known as
Oscillography. The inverter firmware continuously records, in the CCU2 nonvolatile memory, 500 samples of data at 1 millisecond intervals. Of these, 250
samples are taken right before a fault occurs and 250 samples are taken after the
fault. Once a fault occurs and the 250 samples are logged, the log stops and
goes into DONE status. The log will start recording again as soon as the fault is
cleared. Oscillography requires the use of a PC connection using the Xantrex GT
View Graphic User Interface (GUI) software or via the RS485/Modbus
connection.
The following is the list of parameters which instant values shall be stored in the
oscillography records:
•
Vab - Grid voltage phase A to phase B
•
Vbc - Grid voltage phase B to phase C
•
Vca - Grid voltage phase C to phase A
•
Ia - Grid current phase A, left matrix.
•
Ib - Grid current phase B, left matrix.
•
Ic - Grid current phase C, left matrix.
•
Ia - Grid current phase A, right matrix.
•
Ib - Grid current phase B, right matrix.
•
Ic - Grid current phase C, right matrix.
•
Grid Hz - Grid frequency
•
DC_V - PV array voltage
•
DC_I - PV array current
•
Fault - hexadecimal code of the fault
Optional Equipment
The following options are available for purchase for use with the Xantrex GT250
to enhance its capability. Contact a Schneider Electric distributor for further
information on installation options.
Communication Modems
Schneider Electric offers modems that can be connected to the RS232 serial port
for remote monitoring of the inverter. Please check with Schneider Electric on
available modem types.
The remote user has the ability to control and monitor the status of the inverter
through this connection.
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2
Planning
Chapter 2, “Planning” provides information to
help plan the installation of the Xantrex GT250
Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
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Planning
Overview of Xantrex GT250 Installation
WARNING: Risk of electric shock, explosion and arc flash
Installations of this equipment should only be performed by qualified technicians.
Installers must meet all local and state code requirements for licensing and
training for the installation of Electrical Power Systems with AC and DC voltage to
600 volts.
Planning
Planning for a system requires complete understanding of all the components
that are involved to successfully install the Xantrex GT250 to meet the required
national, state, and local codes.
Definition
A power system (such as the Xantrex GT250) is a collection of devices designed
to supply AC power to the utility grid from a DC solar energy (PV) source.
Components
All types of grid-tied inverter installations, residential or industrial, share common
components. This chapter describes each component and suggests the
minimum requirements for a safe installation.
Location
The Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter meets certification for both
indoor and outdoor installation. Anchor the Xantrex GT250 to a level, noncombustable concrete floor or pad.
Clearance
Adequate ventilation and service access must be considered when installing the
Xantrex GT250. See “Environmental Requirements” for specific clearance
requirements and ambient temperature requirements.
Conduits and
Conductors
All external conduits and conductors are to be supplied by the installer.
See Figure 2-3, “Conduit Entries Above Ground, Multiple Views” on page 2–7 for
recommendations on enclosure penetration locations and cable routing.
All interconnect wiring and power conductors interfacing to the Xantrex GT250
must be in accordance with the National Electric Code ANSI/NFPA 70, and any
applicable local codes.
Large gauge wire must conform to the minimum bend radius specified in the NEC.
Keep the wire bundles away from any sharp edges which may damage wire
insulation over time.
All conductors should be made of copper and rated for 90 °C.
If the installation of the Xantrex GT250 is to be outdoors, all interconnect conduit
and fittings must be NEMA 3R rated as required by the NEC.
Arc Flash
Calculate the arc flash category and PPE requirements. Refer to “Arc Flash
Information” on page A–5 to determine the short-circuit current and duration that
the inverter adds to the arc-flash calculation.
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PV Planning
PV Planning
To determine the number of photovoltaic panels that are required for the PV
power plant, please use the PV planning tool from the Schneider Electric website:
1. Go to www.schneider-electric.com.
2. Open the Products and Services tab and click Renewable Energies.
3. Navigate to your specific product page.
4. Click Sizing Tools.
Environmental Requirements
The following environmental conditions must be established and maintained to
ensure the safe and efficient operation and servicing of the Xantrex GT250.
Adequate space must be provided around the unit for ventilation and access
during servicing. Whether locating the unit indoors or outdoors, the ambient air
temperature must be within the minimum and maximum temperature range for
which the unit is rated. See Table A-1, “Environmental Specifications” on page A–2.
•
Maintain a minimum clearance of 800 mm (31.5 in) in front and 305 mm
(12 in) above of the Xantrex GT250 enclosure, plus local safety requirements
for maintenance and serviceability. The Xantrex GT250 has a zero (0 mm)
clearance requirement at the rear and sides of the enclosure. Figure 2-3,
“Conduit Entries Above Ground, Multiple Views” on page 2–7.
•
External cabling interfacing with the Xantrex GT250 may enter from either the
bottom, lower sides, or lower rear of the enclosure. The Xantrex GT250 may
be placed over a foundation hole which holds the cables, or placed on top of
a hollow platform which allows access to the bottom of the Xantrex GT250.
•
If the Xantrex GT250 is to be installed indoors and external air is used for
ventilation, the required liter per minute (L/M) rate must be no less than
65,000 L/M (2300 CFM). This assumes the temperature inside the building is
allowed to rise 10 °C (18 °F) above the outside temperature. Therefore, the
maximum allowable outside ambient temperature is 50 °C (50 °C minus
10 °C equals 40 °C Maximum Ambient Temperature) or 122 °F (122°F minus
18 °F equals 104 °F Maximum Ambient Temperature). Additionally for indoor
installations, the Xantrex GT250 enclosure has provisions for an exhaust air
duct to be attached, by means of two 355 x 200 mm (14 x 8 in) openings at
the top of the enclosure. The Xantrex GT250 enclosure rain hood must be
removed in order to access the exhaust openings.
If air conditioning is planned, the heat load of the Xantrex GT250 is
34,000 BTU/Hour at full load.
•
The Xantrex GT Series inverter is designed to operate in -20 °C to 50 °C
(Xantrex GT250 480 and Xantrex GT250 480 PG) or -35 °C to 45 °C (Xantrex
GT250 600) ambient environment. Direct solar radiation can raise the internal
temperature beyond these specifications causing the Xantrex GT250 to trip
on an over-temperature fault and cease operation. If the inverter is subject to
high ambient conditions, the inverter must be shaded by using either a
shading structure or placing the inverter on the side of the building that get’s
the least amount of direct sunlight.
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Planning
Ground Requirements
This product is intended to be installed as part of a permanently grounded
electrical system per the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70, as well as all
state and local code requirements. A copper clad earth grounding electrode
must be installed within 1 m (3 ft.) of the Xantrex GT250 enclosure. This is to be
the single point earth ground for the inverter system. The single point connection
to the earth grounding electrode for the inverter system is to be made at the AC
ground bus bar (TB2).
System Neutral Requirements
The Xantrex GT250 is designed to be installed as a four-wire system. As required
by the UL 1741 listing, a neutral conductor from the utility-interconnect must be
terminated at TB1-N within the AC interface to ensure that the AC voltage
sensing circuit can perform an individual phase voltage (line-to-neutral)
measurement. The function of the neutral connection is to provide a point of
reference for measurement purposes that is essentially at ground potential.
No power will flow through the neutral conductor.
Inverter Isolation Transformer
The Xantrex GT250 includes a custom, high-efficiency, isolation transformer. The
utility side windings of the isolation transformer are configured Wye and must
match the voltage at the utility inter-tie. The Xantrex GT250 is a balanced,
three-phase, current-sourcing inverter and only operates with the presence of a
stable utility voltage. The transformer is also supplied with a neutral connection
on both the Primary and Secondary windings. Connection of these neutral
terminals will affect the operation of the Xantrex GT250 and must be left floating
or disconnected. Single-phase, grounded loads which may be present between
the transformer and utility, will maintain their existing ground reference at the
utility distribution transformer.
CAUTION: Equipment Damage
If the isolation transformer neutral (H0 and X0) terminals are tied to ground, they
may cause irreparable damage to the Xantrex GT250.
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Electrical Diagrams
Electrical Diagrams
Since installations vary widely, a sample electrical diagram of the Xantrex GT250
is provided in Figure 2-1. This diagram is to be used for system planning
purposes only.
For more detailed information, refer to the schematic illustrations in the Operation
and Maintenance Manual.
EMI
FILTER
CB1
TB1
A
AC GRID
3 PHASE
B
C
N
BOT
TOP
A
4
3
B
6
5
C
8
7
N
2
1
T1
250KVA
K1
AC CONTACTOR
S1
TB3
K2
H1
X1
H2
X2
A
L1
L2
+
A1
A2
1
2
3
4
5
6
PV+
B
C
L3
H3
X3
TB4
H0
TB2
POWER
MATRIX
SH
PV-
GND
LF1
SINGLE POINT
TO
EARTH GROUND
INRUSH LIMIT
CCU2
F4
R1
TB5
PV GND
Figure 2-1 Xantrex GT250 Electrical Diagram
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Planning
Conduit Entry
For a typical Xantrex GT250 installation, the recommended cable entry is from
beneath the enclosure. Figure 2-2 shows the maximum allowable areas (shaded)
and locations in which electrical conduits should be located when cable entry is
from beneath the enclosure.
When routing cable and conduit, some installations may make it necessary to
penetrate the enclosure from above ground. Figure 2-3 on page 2–7 shows the
maximum allowable areas (shaded) and locations in which electrical conduits
may penetrate the enclosure of the Xantrex GT250.
127 mm
(5.00 in)
127 mm
282 mm
(11.11 in)
1436 mm
(56.54 in)
308 mm
(12.11 in)
(5.00 in)
57 mm
(2.23 in)
57 mm
(2.23 in)
415 mm
(16.32 in)
427 mm
(16.82 in)
5.84
56.00
Figure 2-2 Conduit Entries Beneath Enclosure, Bottom View
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Conduit Entry
AC Interface Conduit Entry
304 × 406 mm (12 × 16 in)
AC interface conduit
entry points (shaded) as
seen in three different
views of the same side.
DC Interface Conduit Entry
457 × 406 mm (18 × 16 in)
DC interface conduit
entry points (shaded) as
seen in three different
views of the same side.
Figure 2-3 Conduit Entries Above Ground, Multiple Views
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Planning
Anchoring the Xantrex GT250
WARNING: Fire hazard
Ensure that the Xantrex GT250 is installed on concrete or similar noncombustable surface. If the surface has the potential to be combustable, install a
metal tray (not supplied) between the combustable surface and the inverter.
The Xantrex GT250 must be anchored to a level concrete floor or pad in
accordance with ASCE 7-05. The concrete floor or pad, upon which the Xantrex
GT250 is anchored, must be structurally designed to meet any local, state, or
national requirements for weight, seismic, and wind sheer if applicable.
Four 19 mm (0.75 in) holes are provided in the feet of the enclosure for anchoring
to the floor or pad. The floor or pad may be pre-drilled to accept
ACI 355.2-approved masonry anchors or have pre-installed anchoring bolts.
Alternatively, the Xantrex GT250 can be installed or placed into position, and
drilled afterwards for anchoring the enclosure.
Figure 2-4 depicts the layout pattern of the anchoring holes for the Xantrex
GT250 inverter assembly.
89 mm
(3.50 in)
2102 mm
(82.75 in)
457 mm
(18.00 in)
822 mm
(32.38 in)
4X Ø 19 mm
(0.75 in)
74 mm
(2.93 in)
76 mm
(3.00 in)
305 mm
(12.00 in)
381 mm
(15.00 in)
305 mm
(12.00 in)
Figure 2-4 Main Inverter Anchor Bolt Pattern, Bottom View
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3
Installation
Chapter 3, “Installation” describes the
procedures needed to install the Xantrex
GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter. This
section includes unpacking and moving
instructions, mounting instructions, and
cabling instructions.
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Installation
Unloading
WARNING: Heavy Equipment
The Xantrex GT250 weighs approximately 2018 kg (4055 lb). Attempting to lift the
equipment by other than the recommended lifting points may damage the
equipment or present a personnel safety hazard and void the warranty. Keep all
the doors closed and latched when moving the enclosures. Leaving the door
latches unsecured may result in damage to the unit and void the warranty.
Moving the Xantrex GT250
To move the Xantrex GT250, use a forklift that has a sufficient lift capacity and
has a 66 cm (26 inch) fork span or a crane with a minimum lift capacity of
2500 kg (5512 lbs).
WARNING: Crush Hazard
If lifted incorrectly, the Xantrex GT250 could fall over and cause personal injury.
CAUTION: Equipment Damage
c
To move the Xantrex GT250 by forklift, use a forklift that has a sufficient lift
capacity and has a 66 cm (26 inch) fork span. Failure to use a forklift of this size
and capacity can result in damage to the unit and may void the warranty.
To move the Xantrex GT250 by forklift:
1. Place the forks of the forklift below the shipping pallet at the points specified.
2. Pay attention to the balance point (center of gravity) of the Xantrex GT250.
3. Lift the enclosure from beneath the shipping pallet.
Unpacking the Xantrex GT250
To unpack the Xantrex GT250:
1. Remove the plastic wrapping material surrounding the Xantrex GT250.
2. Remove and save the front and rear enclosure skirts.
3. Remove the Xantrex GT250 anchor hardware that attaches to the shipping
pallet.
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Unloading
Removing the Pallet and Moving the Xantrex GT250
CAUTION: Equipment Damage
c
To move the Xantrex GT250, use a forklift that has a sufficient lift capacity and a
66 cm (26 inch) fork span.
 symbol).
Use Figure 3-1 to locate the balance point or center of gravity (
Center of Gravity


1143mm (45")
700mm (27.5")
Front view
330mm (13")
Side view
Figure 3-1 Center of Gravity
Moving with a Forklift
Important: Be sure to use a forklift with a 66 cm (26 inch) fork span.
To move the Xantrex GT250 using a forklift:
1. Place the forks of the forklift below the unit at the points specified in
Figure 3-2 on page 3–4.
2. Lift the Xantrex GT250 from beneath.
3. Remove the shipping pallet from beneath the unit.
4. Once the shipping pallet is removed from the unit, use the same lifting
locations to lift the unit into the place where it may be permanently located.
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Installation
66 cm (26 In) fork span
Figure 3-2 Forklift Lifting Locations - Underneath Unit
Moving with a Sling
To move the Xantrex GT250 using a sling:
1. Place the lifting slings through the box tubing on the enclosure base at the
points specified in Figure 3-3 on page 3–4.
2. Lift the Xantrex GT250 from above.
3. Remove the shipping pallet from beneath the unit.
4. Once the shipping pallet is removed from the unit, use the same lifting
locations to lift the unit into the place where it may be permanently located.
2
1
3
Figure 3-3 Moving with a Sling
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Unloading
Removing the Air Intake Duct
The Air Intake Duct may be removed from the rear of the Xantrex GT250
enclosure if it is necessary to move the inverter through a standard 36-inch door
opening and into location.
To remove the Xantrex GT250 air intake duct:
1. Remove and save the 8 mm nuts (14 total) that attach the air intake duct to
the rear of the Xantrex GT250 enclosure.
2. Carefully remove the air intake duct.
3. Once the Xantrex GT250 is moved and installed, replace the air intake duct,
and tighten the 8 mm nuts (14 total).
Air Intake Duct
8 mm nuts (14 total)
Figure 3-4 Removing the Air Intake Duct
Important: Before proceeding with the installation, determine the location and
layout of the components, conduit penetration locations, conductor and conduit
sizing, and method for anchoring the unit. Ensure adequate space is provided
for clearance for ventilation and serviceability. Review Chapter 2, “Planning” if
necessary before proceeding.
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Installation
Mounting and Anchoring the Units
WARNING: Fire hazard
Ensure that the Xantrex GT250 is installed on concrete or similar noncombustable surface. If the surface has the potential to be combustable, install a
metal tray (not supplied) between the combustable surface and the inverter.
To mount and anchor the Xantrex GT250:
1. Predrill the floor or pad to accept ACI 355.2-approved masonry anchors, or
ensure it has pre-installed anchoring bolts that will fit the 19 mm (0.75 in)
mounting holes.
Important: Alternatively, the Xantrex GT250 can be installed or placed into
position, and drilled afterwards for anchoring the enclosure. See Figure 2-4 on
page 2–8.
2. Lift the Xantrex GT250 from beneath with a forklift or above with a sling as
shown in Figure 3-2 on page 3–4 and Figure 3-3 on page 3–4. Move the
enclosure into place.
3. Secure the enclosure base to the floor with the appropriate
anchoring hardware.
4. Install the skirts to the base of the Xantrex GT250 using the M5 hardware
provided.
Important: The solid skirt is to be replaced at the rear of the Xantrex GT250
enclosure base, and the perforated skirt is to be replaced at the front of the
Xantrex GT250 enclosure base.
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Opening or Closing Access Doors
Opening or Closing Access Doors
To open access door:
1. Confirm that the AC disconnect handle
is placed in the OFF (Open) position
prior to opening the door.
2. Using the key supplied with the unit,
turn counterclockwise to unlock.
AC
Disconnect
handle
3. Pull open from right side.
To close access door:
1. Confirm that the AC disconnect handle
is placed in the OFF (Open) position
prior to closing the door.
2. Close the door.
3. Using the key supplied with the unit,
turn clockwise to lock.
Figure 3-5 AC Interface Access Door
To open access door:
1. Confirm that the DC disconnect switch
handle is placed in the OFF (Open)
position prior to opening the door.
2. Using the key supplied with the unit,
turn counterclockwise to unlock.
3. Pull open from the left side.
DC
Disconnect
Switch
To close access door:
handle
1. Confirm that the DC disconnect switch
handle is placed in the OFF (Open)
position prior to closing the door.
2. Close the door.
3. Using the key supplied with the unit,
turn clockwise to lock.
Figure 3-6 DC Interface Access Door
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Installation
Wiring - General Requirements
All wiring methods and materials shall be in accordance with the National
Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70, as well as all state and local code requirements.
When sizing conductors and conduits interfacing to the Xantrex GT250, both
shall be in accordance with the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70, as well
as all state and local code requirements.
WARNING: Risk of electric shock, explosion, and arc flash
• The Xantrex GT250 enclosure contains exposed high voltage conductors.
• The enclosure doors should remain closed with the latches tightened, except
during installation, maintenance or testing.
• These instructions are for use by qualified personnel, as defined in “About
This Manual”, who meet all local and governmental code requirements for
licensing and training for the installation of Electrical Power Systems with AC
and DC voltage to 600 volts.
• To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not perform any servicing other than
that specified in the installation instructions unless you are qualified to do so.
• Do not open the cabinet doors if extreme moisture is present (rain or heavy dew).
WARNING: Risk of electric shock, explosion, and arc flash
In order to remove all sources of voltage from the Xantrex GT250, the incoming
power must be de-energized at the source. This may be done at the main utility
circuit breaker, the PV array disconnect, and by opening the AC disconnect and
the DC disconnect switch on the Xantrex GT250. Follow the “Lock-out and Tagout (De-energize/Isolation Procedure)” on page xiii to de-energize the Xantrex
GT250 and test all circuits to verify that the inverter is fully de-energized, before
servicing or maintenance. Opening the AC and DC disconnect switches on the
inverter does not remove all power from the inverter. Review the system
configuration to determine all of the possible sources of energy. In addition, allow
five minutes for the DC bus capacitors to discharge after removing power.
CAUTION: AC phase convention
When connecting external AC wires to the Xantrex GT250, positive phasing
sequence should be maintained throughout the installation process. Refer to the
system schematics in the unit enclosure for proper phasing convention. The
Xantrex GT250 includes the ability to auto-sense and correct for a mis-phased
connection at the AC interface terminals. In the event the power conductors from
the utility are not phased correctly at the AC interface terminals, the Xantrex GT250
will sense the discrepancy and automatically correct for a clockwise (A-B-C)
phase rotation.
The model Xantrex GT250 has a three-phase, four-wire output.
Conductor size should have been pre-determined when the conduit was
installed. Prepare the appropriate length conductors for each connection.
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Wiring - General Requirements
Overcurrent Protection
Unless provided as part of the Schneider Electric supplied equipment, the AC
overcurrent protection for the utility interconnect (Grid-tie) wiring and equipment
must be provided by the installer as part of the Xantrex GT250 installation.
WARNING: Risk of fire
In accordance with the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70, connect only to
a circuit provided with the following maximum branch circuit overcurrent
protection:
• Xantrex GT250 480 and Xantrex GT250 480 PG – 400 A
• Xantrex GT250 600 – 350 A
Conductor Termination
The Xantrex GT250 has terminals and bus bars for making all wiring connections
required for the installation. All AC and DC terminal connections allow for the use
of copper conductors with an insulation rating of 90 °C (194 °F).
•
For bolt size and torque values for the AC terminals, see Table A-6.
•
For bolt size and torque values for the DC terminals, see Table A-7.
All wiring methods and materials shall be in accordance with the National
Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70, as well as all state and local code requirements.
AC Interface
The AC line terminals in the AC interface (TB1-A, TB1-B, TB1-C, and TB1-N) have
one bolt per bus and a maximum of two cables per bolt. These terminals require
the use of crimp-on type ring-terminals or compression lugs.
See Figure 3-8 on page 3–12 for the location of these terminals.
The system/chassis ground terminal in the AC interface (TB2-Ground) is six bolts
per pole and a maximum of two cables per bolt. These terminals require the use of
crimp-on type ring terminals or compression-type lugs.
See Figure 3-8 on page 3–12 for the location of this terminal.
The auxiliary control interface terminals are one wire per terminal (TB7-3, and
TB7-4). These terminals require the use of crimp-on type ring-terminals or
compression lugs.
See Figure 3-9 on page 3–12 for the location of these terminals.
DC Interface
The DC terminals in the DC interface [TB3, TB4, and TB5 (PV GND)] have seven
bolts per pole and a maximum of two cables per bolt. These terminals require the
use of crimp-on type ring-terminals or compression lugs.
See Figure 3-10 on page 3–13 for the location of these terminals.
Important: Keep these cables together as much as possible, and ensure that all
cables pass through the same knockout and conduit fittings, thus allowing any
inductive currents to cancel.
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Installation
Grounding
System Grounding
This product is intended to be installed as part of a permanently grounded
electrical system per the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70, as well as all
state and local code requirements. A copper clad earth grounding electrode must
be installed within 1 m (3 ft.) of the Xantrex GT250 enclosure. This is to be the
single point earth ground for the inverter system. The single point connection to
the earth grounding electrode for the inverter system is to be made at the AC
ground bus bar (TB2).
Ground Bar (TB2) to
be used for the Single
Point Ground
Figure 3-7 Single-point Ground; Ground Bar
Chassis Ground
The chassis ground is a copper bus bar (TB2) in the AC interface and has six bolts
for terminating the grounding electrode conductor. Per the National Electrical
Code ANSI/NFPA 70, the grounding electrode conductor size depends on the size
of the largest ungrounded service-entrance conductor used.
The equipment ground on the Xantrex GT250 is marked with
System Neutral
The Xantrex GT250 is designed to be installed as a four-wire system. As required
by the UL 1741 listing, a neutral conductor from the utility-interconnect must be
terminated at TB1-N within the AC interface to ensure that the AC voltage sensing
circuit can perform an individual phase voltage (line-to-neutral) measurement. The
function of the neutral connection is to provide a point of reference for
measurement purposes that is essentially at ground potential. No power will flow
through the neutral conductor.
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Connecting the Conductors
Connecting the Conductors
This section provides information for connecting the AC and DC conductors and
the ground conductors. Table A-6 and Table A-7 show the specifications of the
AC and DC wiring.
AC Wiring
To connect the AC utility to AC interface:
1. Open the door to the AC interface.
2. Connect the AC power conductors at the TB1-A (A phase), TB1-B (B phase),
and TB1-C (C phase) terminals using the M10 hardware. Cables to these
terminals must use a crimp-on type ring terminal or compression-type lug.
See Figure 3-8 for the location of these terminals.
3. Terminations for the neutral (TB1-N) and ground (TB2) conductors within the
AC interface at the groundbar are made with 10 mm hardware. Cables to
these terminals must use a crimp-on type ring terminal or compression-type
lug. See Figure 3-7 on page 3–10 and Figure 3-8 on page 3–12 for the
location of these terminals.
4. Close the door to the AC interface.
Auxiliary Control Interface
To connect the auxiliary control interface within the AC interface:
1. Open the door to the AC interface and remove the factory-installed jumper.
2. Route the auxiliary control interface conductors through the conduit from the
source to the AC interface.
3. Connect the AC auxiliary control interface conductors at the TB7 terminal
block. These conductors must use crimp-on type ring terminals or
compression-type lugs. See Figure 3-9 for the location of these terminals.
4. Close the door to the AC interface.
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Installation
TB1-N terminal
TB1-B Phase terminal
TB1-A Phase terminal
TB1-C Phase terminal
Figure 3-8 AC Terminal Connections from the Utility
Figure 3-9 Auxiliary Control Interface Terminal Connections
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Connecting the Conductors
PV Wiring to the DC Interface
To make the connections from the PV array to DC interface:
1. Open the door to the DC interface.
2. Route the PV array cables conductors POSitive (PV+) and NEGative (PV-)
through the conduit to the DC interface, entering on the underside.
3. The DC power conductor terminations are made at TB3, as well as TB4 and
TB5 (PV GND). See Figure 3-10 for the location of the terminals and Table 31 for DC Terminal polarity for each Xantrex GT250 model.
4. Terminations for the POSitive, NEGative, ground conductors within the DC
interface are made using the 10 mm hardware.
5. Close the door to the DC interface.
TB4
TB4
TB3
TB5
(PV GND)
TB5 (PV GND)
Figure 3-10 PV Array Cable Routing and Terminations
Table 3-1 DC Terminal Polarity
Model
TB3
TB4
TB5
Xantrex GT250 480
PV+
PV–
PV GND
Xantrex GT250 480 PG
PV–
PV+
PV GND
Xantrex GT250 600
PV+
PV–
PV GND
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Installation
Remote Communications
The Xantrex GT250 has the ability to provide remote communications using
optional modems for system monitoring or data logging through a personal
computer using the Xantrex GT View Graphic User Interface (GUI) software.
Graphic User Interface (GUI) Software
The GUI software provides a windows-based interface program that accesses,
monitors, and controls the features and functions of the unit. The GUI also
provides additional data logging and tracking features which are not available
through the UFCU. If multiple inverters are networked together, the software is
capable of tracking up to 50 inverters on the same network.
The PC can be connected to the unit remotely. Before installing the GUI software,
it will be necessary to determine and establish the proper communication from a
service provider.
PC Connection Methods
A personal computer can be connected by remote connection using one of the
following options.
Modem
A personal computer can be connected using the optional modem
communication kit. This kit is field-installed in the AC interface.
Figure 3-11 Modem Kit as Installed in the AC interface
Modbus
A user selectable RS485/Modbus connection is also available for remote plant
monitoring. The CCU2 controller board within the Xantrex GT250 may be
configured for RS485 serial communication using the Modbus protocol.
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4
Verification
Chapter 4, “Verification” provides a checklist to
ensure the installation of the Xantrex GT250
Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter is correct and
complete.
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Verification
Verification Procedure Summary
WARNING: Electrocution Hazard
This chapter describes specific steps to ensure the installation of the Xantrex
GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter is correct and complete. Failure to adhere
to these warnings could result in severe shock or possible death. Exercise
extreme caution at all times to prevent accidents. These installation instructions
are for use by those familiar and skilled with high voltage procedures.
WARNING: Shock Hazard
• The Xantrex GT250 enclosure contains exposed high voltage conductors.
• The enclosure doors should remain closed with the latches tightened, except
during installation, maintenance or testing.
• These instructions are for use by qualified personnel who meet all local and
governmental code requirements for licensing and training for the installation
of Electrical Power Systems with AC and DC voltage to 600 volts.
• Do not open the cabinet doors if extreme moisture is present (rain or heavy
dew).
WARNING: Lethal Voltage
In order to remove all sources of voltage from the Xantrex GT250, the incoming
power must be de-energized at the source. This may be done at the main utility
circuit breaker, the PV array disconnect, and by opening the AC disconnect and
the DC disconnect switch on the Xantrex GT250. Review the system
configuration to determine all of the possible sources of energy. In addition, allow
five minutes for the DC bus capacitors to discharge after removing power. Follow
the “Lock-out and Tag-out (De-energize/Isolation Procedure)” procedure on
page xiii to de-energize the Xantrex GT250.
The following procedures are intended to verify correct installation and proper
wiring of the Xantrex GT250. Prior to performing the following verification steps
on the Xantrex GT250, review all safety requirements and procedures outlined in
this manual and on any cautionary markings on the components within the
system.
Inspect the following items prior to completion of the installation:
1. Visually inspect all the mechanical connections. This would include both
electrical conduit fittings, as well as enclosure anchoring and seismic
bracing if required.
2. Visually inspect the electrical connections and verify proper tightness of
all terminations.
3. Visually inspect the Isolation Transformer Wye/Wye connections and ensure
the transformer neutral connection is left disconnected.
4. Perform corrective actions if required.
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Visual Inspection of Mechanical Connections
Visual Inspection of Mechanical Connections
To perform a visual inspection of the Xantrex GT250 mechanical connections:
1. Ensure that the AC and DC disconnect switches, as well as any utility
interconnect circuit breakers or main disconnect switches, are opened.
❐
2. Ensure all anchor bolts and any required seismic bracing is properly
tightened and in place.
❐
3. Remove the latches and open the doors of the AC and DC interface
and inspect.
❐
4. Verify all wire conduit fittings and connections are properly tightened.
❐
Visual Inspection of Electrical Connections
To perform a visual inspection of the Xantrex GT250 electrical connections:
1. Ensure that the AC disconnect and DC disconnect switches, as well as
any utility interconnect circuit breakers or main disconnect switches,
are opened.
❐
2. Ensure all conductors and wiring connections interfacing with the
Xantrex GT250 are tightened to the correct torque value.
For specific torque values, see Table A-6 on page A–6 and Table A-7
on page A–6.
❐
3. Verify the AC power conductors terminated at TB1-A, TB1-B, TB1-C,
and TB1-N within the AC interface are terminated correctly and
properly sequenced.
❐
4. Verify DC power conductors terminated TB3, as well as TB4 and TB5
within the DC interface are terminated correctly and properly polarized.
❐
Corrective Action
Perform after initial inspection (if required):
1. Correct any necessary repairs pertaining to the previous inspection steps.
2. Replace the latches and close the doors of the inverter enclosure.
3. Ensure that the AC disconnect and DC disconnect switches, as well as any
utility interconnect circuit breaker or main disconnect circuit breaker, are
left open.
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5
Commissioning
Chapter 5, “Commissioning” contains
information for qualified personnel to safely
commission the Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied
Photovoltaic Inverter.
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Commissioning
Commissioning Procedure
This section provides the procedure necessary to safely and correctly
commission a Xantrex GT250 inverter.
Important: It is important to record any issues encountered while following
this procedure.
Important: Any Xantrex warranty obligation is conditional upon (a) the
commissioning of the Xantrex GT250 inverter in accordance with the
Commissioning Procedure set forth in detail in this section and (b) the return to
Xantrex of the fully completed Commissioning Test Record (see page B-3 of
Appendix B in this manual) promptly but no later than 30 days after the
completion of the commissioning. If a third party (hereinafter, an "integrator")
commissions the Xantrex GT250 inverter on behalf of an end user of such
inverter and such integrator fails to fully complete and timely return a
Commissioning Test Record, then Xantrex shall have the right to fulfill such end
user's warranty claims and recover from such integrator all costs and expenses
incurred by Xantrex in connection with such warranty claims.
Summary
To commission the Xantrex GT250:
1. Ensure the verification tests in Chapter 4, “Verification” have been completed
and have passed successfully.
2. Begin the Xantrex GT250 Commissioning Procedure as described in detail
further in this section. The steps are summarized below.
a) Record the serial number.
b) Inspect the Xantrex GT250 inverter enclosure.
c) Verify AC and DC voltages.
d) Apply grid voltage.
e) Check the front panel display.
f)
Confirm operational parameters (AC, DC and power tracker).
g) Apply DC voltage.
h) Perform the matrix test.
i)
Operate inverter.
3. Email completed Commissioning Test Record to
re.field-service@us.schneider-electric.com or mail to:
Xantrex Technology Inc.
161-G South Vasco Road
Livermore, CA
USA
Attention: Customer Service
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Starting the Commissioning Test
Starting the Commissioning Test
WARNING: Risk of electric shock, explosion and arc
flash
Before attempting to perform maintenance on the Xantrex GT250, follow the
“Lock-out and Tag-out (De-energize/Isolation Procedure)” on page xiii.
Serial Number
Enter the information required on the form that appears on page B–2 of
Appendix B, “Commissioning Test Record”. The converter serial number is
located on a label placed on the lower-left front of the inverter enclosure door.
Inverter Enclosure
1. Open both doors of the Xantrex GT250 inverter enclosure and inspect the
connections.
2. Check for loose cables, rubbing, or interference.
3. Correct and record any defects.
4. Close the inverter enclosure doors.
Verify AC Voltage
1. Open the left door of the Xantrex GT250 inverter enclosure and verify that the
Grid AC cables have been installed at TB1-A, TB1-B, TB1-C, and
TB1-Neutral within the AC interface.
2. With a voltmeter, verify if AC Grid voltage is present at the bottom of TB1-A,
TB1-B, TB1-C, and TB1-Neutral (480 Vac). These terminals are located in the
AC interface.
3. If grid voltage is not available to the unit, close and lock the Xantrex GT250
inverter enclosure. The Commissioning Test procedure must cease at this
point. Do not attempt to continue the test until each step can be checked
and verified.
Verify DC Voltage
1. Open the right door of the Xantrex GT250 inverter enclosure and verify that
the PV DC cables have been installed correctly within the DC interface.
2. With a voltmeter, verify if PV DC voltage is present at TB3 and TB4.
3. Verify the correct polarity.
4. If the voltage is not present, contact the installer, site electrician or site
operator to supply PV voltage to the unit.
5.
If PV DC voltage is not available to the unit, close and lock the Xantrex GT250
inverter enclosure. The Commissioning Test procedure must cease at this point.
Do not attempt to continue the test until each step can be checked and verified.
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Commissioning
Apply Grid Voltage
1. Verify both Xantrex GT250 inverter enclosure doors are closed and locked.
2. Close the AC disconnect (CB1). This will energize the control power circuits.
3. Look, listen and smell for signs of defects.
4. Record any defects found.
Front Panel Display
1. Open, then close, the AC disconnect (CB1) and look at the VFD display of
the UFCU. It will display the software versions of the CCU2 and front panel
within the READ menu. Record these numbers.
2. After about 20 seconds, it will be in its “ready” mode. At this time, the Fault
Code “0071 PV SWITCH OPEN” will be reported. Close the DC disconnect
switch (S1) and verify alarm 0071 clears by pressing the “F1” key on the
keypad of the UFCU. If additional alarms are present, refer to
Troubleshooting chapter of your Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic
Inverter Operation and Maintenance Manual (Part #: 153395).
3. Once all faults are clear, the front panel should report “Switched Off” and
show inverter status.
4. Using the \/ key, scroll down in the READ Menu and verify that the TIME AND
DATE are correct.
5. If not, refer to the Operation chapter of your Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied
Photovoltaic Inverter Operation and Maintenance Manual (Part #: 153395).
6. Scroll thru the parameters and verify that they are present.
Confirm AC Operational Parameters
For each of the following steps, refer to VFD display on the UFCU.
Access the WRITE Menu parameter list by pressing the "MENU" key. Using the \/
key, scroll down in the WRITE Menu and verify the parameter settings.
1. Verify the inverter’s AC limits.
2. Make any necessary changes.
3. Record these values.
Confirm DC Operational Parameters
1. Verify the inverter’s PV Settings.
2. Make any necessary changes.
3. Record these values.
Confirm Power Tracker Configuration Operational Parameters
1. Verify the inverter’s Power Tracker Configuration.
2. Make any necessary changes.
3. Record these values.
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Starting the Commissioning Test
Apply DC Voltage
1. Verify both Xantrex GT250 inverter enclosure doors are closed and locked.
2. Close the DC disconnect (S1) switch. This will energize the DC circuits.
3. Look, listen and smell for signs of defects.
4. Record any defects found.
Matrix Test
1. Confirm that the ON/OFF switch (S3) in the OFF position.
2. From the front panel, select matrix test from the goal state menu.
3. Verify that the Xantrex GT250 enters the matrix test mode.
4. In this mode, the Xantrex GT250 will be operating the IGBT matrix without
closing either the AC or DC contactors. If a fault occurs, refer to the
Troubleshooting chapter of your Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied Photovoltaic
Inverter Operation and Maintenance Manual (Part #: 153395).
5. To stop the test, select goal state from the GUI or front panel and choose
Shutdown.
Operate Inverter
1. Make sure all doors are closed and locked.
2. Using the front panel or the GUI, set the I PPT Max percent to 25%.
3. Place the ON/OFF switch in the ON position. If the PV voltage is above PV
Start voltage threshold, followed by a 5-minute delay period, the PV
contactors (K2) will close, followed by the main AC contactor (K1).
The inverter will begin to produce power up to 25% of rated power.
4. Look, listen and smell for any defects.
5. Make sure the internal enclosure fans are operating.
6. If everything is okay, increase the I PPT Max until you reach 100%.
7. Check all the operating data with the GUI or front panel. Record any
irregularities.
8. Let the inverter run.
9. Verify the matrix fans operate after the matrix temperature reaches at least
30°C, and the "INV kW" is at least 50 kW.
Functional Test
The functional test can be run at any convenient power level.
1. Disconnect all ungrounded phases from the grid simultaneously using the
external disconnect on either the primary or secondary of the isolation
transformer.
2. Verify that the inverter ceases to energize its output terminals. After a
convenient period, reclose the disconnect.
3. Verify that the inverter does not reenergize its output terminals for the
required reconnect time delay. The default value is five minutes minimum.
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Commissioning
Revised Protection Settings (If Required)
1. If default protection settings will be changed as authorized by the utility,
follow the WRITE menu procedure documented in the Xantrex GT250 GridTied Photovoltaic Inverter Planning and Installation Manual.
2. Access the WRITE menu again by pressing MENU but do not enter the
password.
3. Verify all protection settings are correct.
4. Press MENU again to return to the standard menu.
Completed Commissioning
1. Once you have successfully completed all the commissioning steps, save
the test report to a file.
2. Email the completed Commissioning Test Record to
re.field-service@us.schneider-electric.com or mail to:
Xantrex Technology Inc.
161-G South Vasco Road
Livermore, CA
USA
Attention: Customer Service
Important: Failure to return the fully completed Commissioning Test Record to
Xantrex within 30 days after the completion of the commissioning may result in the
delay of warranty claim service or loss of warranty coverage for the Product. If a
third party (hereinafter, an "integrator") commissions a Xantrex GT250 inverter on
behalf of an end user of such inverter and such integrator fails to fully complete
and timely return the Commissioning Test Record, then Xantrex shall have the right
to fulfill such end user's warranty claims and recover from such integrator all costs
and expenses incurred by Xantrex in connection with such warranty claims.
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A
Specifications
Appendix A provides the environmental and
electrical specifications for the Xantrex GT250
Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Inverter.
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Specifications
System Specifications
The Xantrex GT250 has been designed for photovoltaic power systems, which
operate within the following specifications.
CAUTION: Equipment Damage
Operation of the Xantrex GT250 in a manner other than specified in this manual
may cause damage to the Xantrex GT250 and other system components and will
void the terms of the warranty.
Environmental Specifications
Table A-1 Environmental Specifications
Specification
Value
Dimensions
2192.0 mm H x 2286.0 mm W x 1171.0 mm D
(86.3 in. H x 90.0 in. W x 46.1 in. D)
Weight
2018 kg (4450 lbs)
Allowable Ambient Temperature
Operating (Xantrex GT250 480 and
Xantrex GT250 480 PG)
Operating (Xantrex GT250 600
-15 °C to 50 °C Maximum (5 °F to 122 °F)
Storage (all)
-40 °C to 50 °C Maximum (-40 °F to 122 °F)
-35 °C to 45 °C Maximum (-31 °F to 113 °F)
Relative Humidity
to 95%, non-condensing
Elevation
2000 m (6600 ft)
Protection Class
NEMA 3R
Clearance (ventilation and
serviceability)
Top
Front
Sides
Rear
305 mm (12 in)
800 mm (31.5 in) (door clearance) plus local safety standards
0 mm (0 in)
0 mm (0 in)
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System Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Table A-2 provides the AC and DC specifications for the Xantrex GT250.
Table A-2 Electrical Specifications
Specification
Xantrex GT250 480 and
Xantrex GT250 480 PG
Xantrex GT250 600
Nominal AC Input Voltage
(+10% to -12% acceptable range)
480 Vac
(423 to 528 Vac)
600 Vac
(528 to 660 Vac)
Maximum Continuous AC Output Current
301 Arms
240 Arms
Nominal AC Input Frequency
60 Hz
60 Hz
(+0.5 to -0.7 Hz acceptable range)
(57.0 to 60.5 Hz)
(57.0 to 60.5 Hz)
Line Power Factor
>0.99
>0.99
Output Power
250 kW
250 kW
Sell Power Range
1 kW to 250 kW
1 kW to 250 kW
Peak Power Tracking Window
300 to 480 Vdc
310 to 480 Vdc
Maximum Open Circuit Voltage
600 Vdc
600 Vdc
Nominal DC Voltage
345 Vdc
353 Vdc
Maximum DC Current
867 A
867 A
DC Current Ripple
< 2% at rated power
< 2% at rated power
Maximum Array Short Circuit Current
1214 A
1214 A
DC Back-feed Current
< 0.1 A
< 0.1 A
AC Current Distortion
< 5% THD at rated power
< 5% THD at rated power
Efficiency
> 96%
> 96%
Standby and Night-time Tare Loss
< 35 W
< 35 W
Regulatory Specifications
Table A-3 provides the regulatory specifications for the Xantrex GT250.
Table A-3 Regulatory Specifications
Standard
Regulation Met
General Standards
UL1741 2nd Ed.
IEEE 1547
CSA 107.1-01
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Specifications
Over Voltage, Under Voltage and Frequency Ranges
Table A-4 provides the over voltage, under voltage, over-frequency, and
under-frequency detection limits for the Xantrex GT250. These detection limits
have been factory tested and deemed to be in compliance with UL1741 2nd Ed.
and IEEE 1547 requirements for utility interaction.
Table A-4 Over/Under Voltage and Over/Under Frequency Ranges
Vac Condition
(% of Nominal)
Xantrex GT250 480
Xantrex GT250 480 PG
Voltage Range
Trip Time
Vac < 50%
Vac < 240
10 cycles
240 <= Vac < 423ª
24 cycles
423 < Vac <= 528
normal operation
528 < Vac < 576ª
12 cycles
576 >= Vac
10 cycles
f < 57.0
10 cycles
f < 59.3ª
10 cyclesª
f > 60.5
2 cycles
(Fast Under-voltage)
50% <=Vac < 88%
(Under-voltage)
88% < Vac <= 110%
(Nominal)
110% < Vac < 120%
(Over-voltage)
120% >= Vac
(Fast Over-voltage)
f < rated -3.0
(Fast Under
Frequency)
f < rated -0.7
(Under Frequency)
f > rated +0.5
(Over Frequency)
a
Adjustable, password-protected.
A–4
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System Specifications
Table A-5 Over/Under Voltage and Over/Under Frequency Ranges
Vac Condition
(% of Nominal)
Xantrex GT250 600
Voltage Range
Trip Time
Vac < 50%
Vac < 300
10 cycles
300 <= Vac < 528ª
24 cycles
528 < Vac <= 660
normal operation
660 < Vac < 720ª
12 cycles
720>= Vac
10 cycles
f < 57.0
10 cycles
f < 59.3ª
10 cyclesª
f > 60.5
2 cycles
(Fast Under-voltage)
50% <=Vac < 88%
(Under-voltage)
88% < Vac <= 110%
(Nominal)
110% < Vac < 120%
(Over-voltage)
120% >= Vac
(Fast Over-voltage)
f < rated -3.0
(Fast Under
Frequency)
f < rated -0.7
(Under Frequency)
f > rated +0.5
(Over Frequency)
a Adjustable, password-protected.
Arc Flash Information
Use the following short circuit information to calculate the arc flash category and
PPE requirements.
Xantrex GT250 480 and Xantrex GT250 480 PG: 1400 Apk @ 8 ms
Xantrex GT250 600: 660 Apk, 288 Arms @ 31 ms
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Specifications
Bolt Sizing and Torque Requirements
Table A-6 provides acceptable bolt sizes, and torque values for AC terminal
connections.
Table A-6 AC Terminal Bolt Size and Torque Values
AC Terminal
Connections
Max. # of Conductors Bolt (Hardware)
per Terminal
or Hole Size
Torque
Requirements
PE (Enclosure
Ground)
2
1 / M10
75 Nm
(55 lb ft)
TB1-A, TB1-B,
1
1 / 0.41 Thru
M10
75 Nm
(55 lb ft)
TB1-C and TB1-N
Table A-7 provides acceptable bolt sizes, conductor range, and torque values to
be connected to the Xantrex GT250 DC terminal connections.
Table A-7 DC Terminal Bolt Size and Torque Values
DC Terminal
Connections
Max. # of Conductors Bolt
Torque
per Terminal
(Hardware) Size Requirements
TB3, TB4, and TB5
7
7 / 0.41 Thru
M10
75 Nm
(55 lb ft)
Table A-8 provides acceptable screw sizes, and torque values to be connected
to the Xantrex GT250 auxiliary control interface terminal connections.
Table A-8 Auxiliary Control Interface Screw Size and Torque Values
Aux Control
Connections
Max. # of Conductors
per Terminal
Screw
(Hardware) Size
Torque
Requirements
Signal Type
TB7-3,4
Aux ENABLE/DISABLE
1
6-32 × 0.5, Pan Hd
Phil (provided)
1.35 Nm
(12 lb in)
N.C. Contact
@15 Vdc, 10mA
A–6
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Dimensions
Dimensions
2192.0 mm
(86.3 in)
2286.0 mm
(90.0 in)
1171.0 mm
(46.1 in)
Figure A-1 Xantrex GT250 Dimensions
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A–8
B
Commissioning Test
Record
Appendix B contains the Commissioning Test
Record for the Xantrex GT250 Grid-Tied
Photovoltaic Inverter.
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B–2
Commissioning Test Record
Commissioning Test Record
Step 1. Record and Document Serial Number and Inverter Location
Date and Time of Commissioning:
Inverter Serial Number:
CCU Board Serial Number:
Installation Name:
Technician Name:
Inverter Location (Site ID):
Company Name:
Address:
Contact Email:
City:
State:
Zip:
Country:
Step 2. Installation and Cable Check
Power Conductors installed correctly: Yes 
Terminations are properly torqued: Yes 
Step 3. Verify AC Utility Voltage at TB1
A-B Measurement:
C-A Measurement:
B-C Measurement:
Phase Rotation: CW
Step 4. Verify DC PV Voltage at TB3 and TB4
Pos - Neg Measurement: _________Vdc.
DC Polarity is correct: Yes 
Step 5. Apply AC Grid Voltage to the Xantrex GT250
Control Power circuits energized: Yes 
Notes:
Step 6. Confirm Operation of Universal Frontpanel Control Unit
UFCU Boots and Displays correctly: Yes 
Software version (CCU2 SW):
Notes:
PV Disconnect Switch Fault Clears: Yes 
Software version (UFCU SW):
Step 7. Confirm Write Menu Parameters for AC Limits
Max AC Volts %:
Max AC Frequency:
Max GND Fault:
Notes:
Min AC Volts %:
Min AC Frequency:
Step 8. Confirm Write Menu Parameters for PV Settings
PV V Start:
PV P Stop:
Notes:
PV T Start:
PV T Stop:
Step 9. Confirm Write Menu Parameters for Power Tracker Configuration
PPT V Ref:
PPT Enable:
PPT V Rate:
Notes:
I PPT Max %:
PPT Rate:
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Commissioning Test Record
Step 10. Commanding Goal State: Matrix Test
Xantrex GT250 enters Matrix Test mode: Yes 
Notes:
Step 11. Operate the Xantrex GT250 in Power Tracking Mode
I PPT Max% initially set to10 %: Yes 
I PPT Max % gradually increased
Xantrex GT250 operates correctly: Yes 
Notes:
to 100 %: Yes 
Important: Failure to return the fully completed Commissioning Test Record to
Xantrex within 30 days after the completion of the commissioning may result in
the delay of warranty claim service or loss of warranty coverage for the Product. If
a third party (hereinafter, an "integrator") commissions a Xantrex GT250 inverter
on behalf of an end user of such inverter and such integrator fails to fully
complete and timely return the Commissioning Test Record, then Xantrex shall
have the right to fulfill such end user's warranty claims and recover from such
integrator all costs and expenses incurred by Xantrex in connection with such
warranty claims.
I hereby undertake that the Xantrex GT250 inverter referenced above has been
commissioned by me, in accordance with the prescribed commissioning report
above and the commissioning procedures outlined by the manufacturer in the
Xantrex GT250 inverter's manual.
Signed by Commissioner
Printed Name, Title
Organization/Entity (if any)
Date of Actual System Commissioning
(If different to signature)
Signed by End User
Printed Name
Date
Email completed Commissioning Test Record to
re.field-service@us.schneider-electric.com or mail to:
Xantrex Technology Inc.
161-G South Vasco Road
Livermore, CA
USA
Attention: Customer Service
B–4
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Index
A
E
Abbreviations and Acronyms vi
AC Interface 1–5
AC Interface Enclosure 1–6
AC Utility Terminals 1–5
Access Doors 3–7
Advanced Design Features 1–2
Air Intake Duct, Removing 3–5
ambient environment 2–3
ambient temperature 2–3
Anchoring 2–8
Anti-islanding 1–2
Auto-Phase Rotation 1–2
Auxiliary Control Interface 1–6
Auxiliary Enable/Disable 1–12
Electrical Diagrams 2–5
Emergency Stop 1–12
Environmental 2–3
Equipment 3–2
External cabling 2–3
C
center of gravity 3–3
CFM vi
Chassis Grounds 3–10
Circuit Diagram 1–10
Clearance 2–2
clearance 2–3
Commissioning 5–2
Communications 3–14
Communications Circuit 1–6
Components 2–2
Conductor Termination 3–9
AC Interface 3–9
DC terminals TB3-1, TB3-2 &TB3-3 3–9
Conduit Penetration 2–6
Conduits and Conductors 2–2
Connecting the Conductors 3–11
Conventions Used iv
Converter Control Unit (CCU2) 1–7
Corrective Action 4–3
D
Data Logging 1–17
DC Interface Enclosure 1–7
DC Terminals 1–8
Disconnect Switches 1–13
DSP vi
F
Fault Reporting and Logging 1–15
G
General Safety ix
grid-connected photovoltaic arrays 1–2
Ground Requirements 2–4
Grounding
Chassis Ground 3–10
System Grounding 3–10
GUI vi
I
IEEE vi
IGBT vi
Interface Components 1–11
Isolation Transformer xii, 2–4
K
kcmil vi
L
Local Display 1–2
Location 2–2
Lock-out and Tag-out xiii
M
Main Inverter 1–3
Modbus 3–14
Models v
Modems 1–18
Mounting and Anchoring 3–6
Mounting and Anchoring the Units 3–6
Moving 3–2
Moving the PV100S 3–3
O
ON/OFF 1–12
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Index
ON/OFF Switch 1–12
Operational Safety xii
Operator Interface Controls 1–11
Optional Equipment 1–18
Oscillography 1–18
Overcurrent Protection 3–9
Overview 2–2
P
Personal Safety x
Physical Characteristics 1–3
Planning 2–2
Power Conversion System 1–2
Power Electronics 1–7
Power Electronics Matrix 1–7
PV vi
PV Planning 2–3
Verification Procedure Summary 4–2
VFD vi
VFD Display 1–16
Visual Inspection of Electrical Connections 4–3
Visual Inspection of Mechanical Connections 4–3
W
Wiring
Auxiliary Control Interface 3–11
Connecting the Conductors 3–11
General Requirements 3–8
PV 3–13
Safety Requirements xi
R
Remote Control Terminal Connections 1–6
Remote Graphic User Interface 1–2
Removing the Pallet 3–3
S
Safety vii
Safety Equipment x
Schneider Electric
web site vi
Specifications A–2
Electrical A–3
Environmental A–2
Over Voltage, Under Voltage and Frequency
Ranges A–4
Starting the Commissioning Test 5–3
System Neutral 3–10
System Neutral Requirements 2–4
System Status 1–15
T
Three-phase power conversion system 1–2
Torque and Wire Gauge Specifications 3–10, A–6
Transformer 2–4
U
UFCU vi, 1–16
Unloading 3–2
Unpacking 3–2
V
ventilation 2–3
IX–2
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Schneider Electric
www.schneider-electric.com
☎
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✉
1 925 245 1022
re.techsupport@schneider-electric.com
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0 825 012 999
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+49 (0) 180 575 6575 +49 (0) 2102 404 7101
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es-sat@es.schneider-electric.com
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For other country details please contact your local Schneider Electric Sales Representative or visit our website at:
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153396
Printed in USA