BMW G 650 XMOTO Technical data

Rider's Manual (US Model)
G 650 Xmoto
BMW Motorrad
The Ultimate Riding
Machine
Motorcycle/Retailer Data
Motorcycle data
Retailer Data
Model
Contact in Service
Vehicle Identification Number
Ms./Mr.
Color number
Phone number
First registration
Registration number
Retailer's address/phone number
(company stamp)
Welcome to BMW
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from
BMW and welcome you to the
community of BMW riders.
Familiarize yourself with your
new motorcycle so that you
can ride it safely and confidently in all traffic situations.
Please read this Rider's Manual carefully before starting
to use your new BMW motorcycle. It contains important
information on how to operate the controls and how to
make the best possible use
of all your BMW's technical
features.
In addition, it contains information on maintenance and
care to help you maintain your
motorcycle's reliability and
safety, as well as its value.
If you have questions concerning your motorcycle, your
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer will gladly provide advice
and assistance.
We wish you many miles of
safe and enjoyable riding
BMW Motorrad.
Table of Contents
You can also use the index at
the end of this Rider's Manual
to find a specific topic.
1 General instructions . . . 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currentness of this manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2 Overviews . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General view, left side . . .
General view, right
side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underneath seat . . . . . . . . .
Left handlebar fitting . . . . .
Handlebar fitting, right . . .
Instrument cluster . . . . . . .
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
11
13
14
15
16
17
18
3 Status indicators . . . . .
Multifunction display . . . . .
Warning and indicator
lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ABS warning indicators OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multifunction display . . . . .
Emergency ON/OFF
switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . .
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad ABS OE . . .
Chassis settings . . . . . . . . .
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . .
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
20
20
20
23
27
28
28
31
31
32
33
33
34
35
36
36
37
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety instructions . . . . . . .
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General brake system . . . .
Brake system with BMW
Motorrad ABS OE . . . . . . . .
41
42
44
44
46
47
48
49
50
6 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . 55
General instructions . . . . . 56
Onboard socket OE . . . . . . . 56
7 Maintenance . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . .
Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General brake system . . . .
Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
59
60
60
61
63
64
66
67
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
License-plate carrier . . . . .
69
69
70
70
71
78
80
87
88
92
8 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care products . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning sensitive motorcycle parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protective wax coating . . .
Storing motorcycle . . . . . .
Returning motorcycle to
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
96
96
97
97
98
98
98
9 Technical data . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting
chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Threaded fasteners . . . . .
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Riding specifications . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . .
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels and tires . . . . . . . .
Electrical system . . . . . . .
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
99
100
101
103
105
105
105
106
106
107
107
109
110
111
111
10 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad
Service Card On-thespot breakdown
assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance work . . . . . .
Maintenance schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of
service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting
Safety Defects. . . . . . . . . .
113
114
114
115
115
115
116
117
122
128
General instructions
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . 6
1
5
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currentness of this manual . . . . . . . 7
General instructions
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
z
1
General instructions
6
z
Overview
Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manual will provide you with an
initial overview of your motorcycle. All maintenance and
repair work carried out on
your motorcycle will be documented in Chapter 10. Proof
of the maintenance work performed is a prerequisite for
generous treatment of claims.
Should you want to sell your
BMW one day, please also remember to turn over the Rider's Manual to the new owner;
it is an important part of your
motorcycle.
Abbreviations and
symbols
Indicates warnings you
should always observe
to ensure your own safety,
the safety of others and to
Tightening torque.
protect your motorcycle from
damage.
Special information on
operating and inspecting
your motorcycle as well as
maintenance and adjustment
procedures.
Technical data.
OE
Optional equipment
The desired BMW optional equipment is
available only as a factory installed option.
OA
Optional accessories
BMW optional accessories can be purchased and installed
at your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Indicates the end of a
note.
Instruction to take action.
Results of an action.
Reference to a page
with additional information.
Indicates the end of
accessory or equipment-dependent information.
ABS Anti-Lock Brake System.
Technical data
When you ordered your BMW
motorcycle, you chose various items of custom equipment. This Rider's Manual
describes optional equipment
(OE) offered by BMW and selected optional accessories
(OA). This explains why the
manual may also contain descriptions of equipment which
you have not ordered. Please
note, too, that your motorcycle might not be exactly as
illustrated in this manual on
account of country—specific
differences.
If your BMW is equipped with
options or accessories not
described in this Rider's Manual, then this equipment is
described in a separate operating manual.
All dimensions, weights and
outputs in the Rider's Manual
refer to the Deutsche Institut
für Normung e. V. (DIN) and
comply with its tolerance regulations. Versions for individual countries may differ.
Currentness of this
manual
The high safety and quality
standards of BMW motorcycles are maintained by constant development work on
designs, equipment and accessories. Because of this,
your motorcycle may differ
from the information supplied
in the Rider's Manual. In addition, BMW Motorrad cannot
guarantee the total absence
of errors. We hope you will
appreciate that no claims can
be entertained on the basis of
the data, illustrations or descriptions in this manual.
1
7
General instructions
Equipment
z
z
General instructions
1
8
General view, left side . . . . . . . . .
11
General view, right side . . . . . . . .
13
Underneath seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
Left handlebar fitting . . . . . . . . . . .
15
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . .
16
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
2
9
Overviews
Overviews
z
z
Overviews
2
10
1
2
3
4
5
Adjusting front compression ( 37)
Adjuster, spring preload,
rear ( 36)
Onboard socket OE
( 56)
Adjusting rear damping
( 39)
Coolant level indicator
( 67)
2
11
Overviews
General view, left side
z
z
Overviews
2
12
2
1
2
13
3
4
5
6
Seat lock ( 33)
Fill location for fuel
( 48)
Brake-fluid reservoir,
front ( 66)
Adjustment of front rebound ( 38)
ABS fuses under side
panel OE ( 79)
Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
( 67)
Overviews
General view, right
side
z
2
14
Underneath seat
1
2
Overviews
3
4
z
Toolkit ( 60)
Rider's Manual (US Model)
Fuse box ( 78)
Oil dipstick and engineoil fill location ( 61)
1
2
3
4
5
Headlight flasher button
ABS button OE ( 35)
Turn indicators ( 33)
Horn button
Light switch ( 32)
2
15
Overviews
Left handlebar fitting
z
2
Handlebar fitting, right
1
16
Overviews
2
z
Emergency ON/OFF
switch ( 31)
Starter button ( 44)
1
2
3
4
Setting clock ( 29)
Resetting tripmeter
( 29)
Warning and indicator
lights ( 20)
Multifunction display
( 20)
Selecting readings
( 28)
2
17
Overviews
Instrument cluster
z
2
Headlight
Overviews
18
z
1
2
Low and high-beam
Parking lights
Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . . .
20
Warning and indicator lights . . .
20
General warning indicators. . . . .
20
ABS warning
indicators OE
.....
23
3
19
Status indicators
Status indicators
z
3
Multifunction display
Warning and indicator
lights
20
8
Engine oilpressure warning
light ( 22)
Status indicators
General warning
indicators
z
Display
Warnings are indicated by the
corresponding warning lights.
1
2
Speedometer
Display of odometer,
clock or battery voltage
( 28)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Indicator light, left turn
indicator
Indicator light, right turn
indicator
Indicator light, neutral
Indicator light, high-beam
headlight
Fuel-reserve warning
light ( 22)
ABS warning light OE
( 23)
Coolant-temperature
warning light ( 23)
Overview of warning indicators
3
Lights up
Fuel down to reserve (
Lights up
Engine oil pressure insufficient
( 22)
Lights up
Coolant temperature too high
( 23)
22)
21
Status indicators
Meaning
z
3
Status indicators
22
z
Fuel down to reserve
Fuel-reserve warning
light lights up.
A fuel shortage can lead
to misfiring and to the
engine dying unexpectedly.
Misfiring can damage the catalytic converter, and the engine dying unexpected can
lead to accidents.
Do not drive until the fuel tank
is completely empty.
At the most, the fuel tank
still contains the reserve fuel
quantity.
Reserve fuel quantity
2.1 quarts ( 2 l)
Refueling (
48)
Engine oil pressure
insufficient
Engine oilpressure warning
light lights up.
The oil pressure in the lubricating oil circuit is too low.
If the warning light lights up,
stop immediately and switch
off the engine.
The warning on insufficient engine oil pressure is no substitute for the
function of an oil—level indicator.The correct engine oil level
can only be checked on the
oil dipstick.
The cause of the warning on
insufficient engine oil pressure
can be an insufficient engine
oil level.
Checking engine oil level
( 61)
If oil level is too low:
Topping up engine oil
( 63)
If the warning on insufficient
engine oil pressure appears
despite a correct engine oil
level:
In addition to an insufficient engine oil level,
other problems in the engine
can lead to the warning on insufficient engine oil pressure.
Continuing to ride in these
cases can cause engine damage.
If this warning appears, do
not continue to ride even
though the engine oil level
might be correct.
Do not continue driving.
Have the malfunction corrected as soon as possible
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Continued driving with
an overheated engine
can result in engine damage.
Be sure to observe the measures listed below.
Coolant level too low.
Checking coolant level
( 67)
If coolant level is too low:
Topping up coolant ( 68)
Radiator fan defective.
If the radiator fan fails to run
with the coolant-temperature
warning light switched on:
Have the malfunction corrected as soon as possible
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Cooling is insufficient.
If possible, continue driving
in the part—load range to
cool down the engine.
In traffic jams, switch off the
engine, but keep the ignition switched on so that the
radiator fan continues to operate.
Should the coolant temperature frequently be too
high, have the fault rectified as quickly as possible
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
ABS warning
indicators OE
Display
ABS warnings are indicated by the ABS warning light. The warning light
can light up continuously or
flash.
3
23
Status indicators
Coolant temperature too
high
Coolant-temperature
warning light lights up.
z
3
Status indicators
24
z
Overview of warning indicators
Meaning
Flashes
Self-diagnosis not completed
( 25)
Lights up
ABS deactivated (
Lights up
ABS error (
25)
25)
The ABS function is not available, because the self-diagnosis has not been completed. To check the wheel sensors, the motorcycle must be
driven a few yards.
Ride off slowly. It must be
noted that the ABS function
is not available until the self
—diagnosis has been completed.
ABS deactivated
ABS warning light lights
up.
The ABS system has been
deactivated by the driver.
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
Switching on ABS function
( 35)
ABS error
ABS warning light lights
up.
The ABS control unit has detected an error. The ABS
function is not available.
Continued driving is
possible. It must be noted
that the ABS function is
not available. Observe
additional information on
situations which can lead to
an ABS error ( 52).
Have the malfunction corrected as soon as possible
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
3
25
Status indicators
Selfdiagnosis not completed
ABS warning light flashes.
z
z
Status indicators
3
26
Operation
4
28
Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . . .
28
Emergency ON/OFF switch . . . .
31
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34
BMW Motorrad
ABS OE
........
35
Chassis settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
27
Operation
Ignition switch and steering
lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
z
Ignition switch and
steering lock
28
Keys
Operation
4
z
You receive one master key
and one spare key.
Ignition key and steering lock,
seat lock and tank filler cap
lock are all operated with the
same key.
Switching on ignition
Pre-ride check is
performed. ( 45)
Locking handlebars
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
Turn key to position 1.
In addition to the points
named above, the ABS selfdiagnosis is also carried
out. ( 46)
Switching off ignition
Turn handlebars to left.
Turn key to position 3 while
moving handlebars slightly.
Ignition, lights and all function circuits switched off.
Handlebars locked.
Key can be removed.
Multifunction display
Turn key to position 1.
Parking lights and all function circuits switched on.
Engine can be started.
Turn key to position 2.
Light switched off.
Handlebars not locked.
Key can be removed.
Selecting readings
Switch on ignition.
For longer stays in foreign countries, the display can be switched over
from miles to kilometers and
vice versa. In this case, consult a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Press button 1.
4
Each time the button is
pressed, the display shows
values starting with the
current value in the following
order:
Total mileage (ODO)
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
Clock
Battery voltage
Resetting tripmeter
Switch on ignition.
Select desired tripmeter.
Hold down button 1.
Tripmeter is reset.
Setting clock
Switch on ignition.
This adjustment can only
be carried out with the
motorcycle at a standstill.
Select clock.
Operation
29
z
Setting is also ended if
speed is greater than zero.
4
Operation
30
z
Battery voltage
Hold down button 1.
Hours 3 are indicated.
Press button 1.
Hours increase by one each
time button is pressed.
Press button 2.
Hours decrease by one
each time button is
pressed.
When desired hours have
been set, wait briefly.
Minutes 4 are indicated.
Press button 1.
Minutes increase by
one each time button is
pressed.
Press button 2.
Minutes decrease by
one each time button is
pressed.
When desired minutes have
been set, wait briefly.
End setting; set time is displayed.
The battery voltage 1 is displayed together with the battery symbol 2.
the emergency ON/OFF
switch.
Lights
Parking lights
The parking lights switch on
automatically when the ignition is switched on.
The parking lights are a
strain on the battery. Do
not leave the ignition switched
on longer than absolutely
necessary.
1
Emergency ON/OFF
switch
-
Actuating the emergency ON/OFF switch while
driving can cause the rear
wheel to lock up, resulting in
a fall.
Do not operate the emergency ON/OFF switch while
riding.
The engine can be switched
off easily and quickly using
Switch not actuated: operating position.
Switch actuated: engine
switched off.
The engine can only be
started in the operating
position.
Low-beam headlight
The low—beam headlights
switch on automatically when
the ignition is switched on.
The low—beam headlight
is a strain on the battery. Do not leave the ignition
switched on longer than absolutely necessary.
4
31
Operation
Emergency ON/OFF
switch
z
4
High-beam headlight
Headlight flasher
Operation
32
z
the road as in the country of
registration.
Headlight range and
spring preload
Push high—beam switch 1
upward.
High—beam headlight is
switched on.
Push high—beam switch 1
downward.
High—beam headlight is
switched off.
Press headlight flasher button 1.
The high—beam headlight is
switched on for as long as
the button is pressed.
Headlight
Adjusting headlight for
RHD/LHD traffic
The motorcycle is equipped
with a symmetrical low—beam
headlight, and can therefore
also be used without modification in countries which
drive on the opposite side of
The headlight range generally remains constant due to
the adjustment of the spring
preload to the loading state.
Spring preload adjustment
may only be insufficient when
the motorcycle is very heavily loaded. In this case, the
headlight range must be adjusted to the weight.
If you are unsure
whether the basic
headlight setting is correct,
consult a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Operating turn indicators
Press turn indicator button
toward front.
Turn indicator is switched
off.
Turn indicator lights in indicator light panel are off.
Seat
The headlight height can be
adjusted with the screws 2
on the left and right below the
side panels and the screw 3.
To ensure correct adjustment,
it should be carried out by a
specialized workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Removing seat
Press turn indicator button 1
toward left.
Left—hand turn indicator is
switched on.
Indicator light for left—hand
turn indicator flashes.
Press turn indicator button
toward right.
Right—hand turn indicator is
switched on.
Indicator light for right—hand
turn indicator flashes.
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Turn seat lock 1 counterclockwise with ignition key
and hold.
4
33
Operation
Turn indicators
z
Installing seat
4
Mirrors
Adjusting mirrors
Operation
34
z
Raise seat 2 at rear and release key.
Remove seat.
Place seat on a clean surface with seat surface facing downward.
Push seat 2 forward into
mount 3.
Firmly press down on seat
at rear.
The seat can be heard to
lock into place.
Check firm seating of seat.
Move mirror into desired
position by twisting.
Adjusting mirror arm
Loosen nut 1.
Switching off ABS
function
Switch on ignition or bring
motorcycle to a stop.
Mirror union nut
The warning indicators
for ABS fault and ABS
switched off are identical.
ABS function is switched
off.
ABS warning light continues to light up.
Switching on ABS
function
15 lb/ft (20 Nm)
BMW Motorrad
ABS OE
35
z
Switchable ABS function
When driving on a loose road
surface, it may be advisable
to deactivate the ABS function. For this reason, the ABS
function of this motorcycle
can be switched off.
Observe additional information on the ABS system from
( 50).
4
Operation
Turn mirror arm into desired
position.
Tighten nut 1 to specified
torque while holding mirror
arm in place.
Hold down ABS button 1.
ABS warning light
lights up; if selfdiagnosis is not completed,
the ABS warning light
changes from flashing to
being continuously lit.
Release ABS button within five seconds after ABS
warning light lights up.
Hold down ABS button 1.
ABS warning light
goes out; if selfdiagnosis is not completed,
the ABS warning light
4
Operation
36
z
changes from being
continuously lit to flashing.
Release ABS button within five seconds after ABS
warning light goes out.
ABS warning light remains
off.
If the ABS self—diagnosis is
not completed, ABS warning light continues to flash.
ABS function is switched
on.
As an alternative to pressing
the ABS button, the ignition can also be switched
off and then on again.
If the ABS light continues to light up after
switching the ignition off and
then on again, an ABS fault
has occurred.
Chassis settings
Spring preload
Spring preload
Adjusting spring preload
for rear wheel
The spring preload on the
rear wheel must be adapted
to the load of the motorcycle. Increase spring preload
when the motorcycle is heavily loaded and reduce spring
preload accordingly when the
motorcycle is lightly loaded.
Damping
The damping must be adjusted to the spring preload and
the road conditions. An increase in spring preload requires firmer damping, a reduction in spring preload requires softer damping.
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do
not match the spring-preload
and damping-characteristic
settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic to suit the spring
preload.
Adjusting the spring
preload while the
motorcycle is being ridden
can lead to accidents.
Adjust the spring preload only when the motorcycle is
stationary.
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Turn adjustment wheel
completely to "SOFT",
then turn 10 turns toward
"HARD" (Full tank of gas,
with rider 187 lbs (85 kg))
When adjusting the
handwheel, contact with
the hot muffler is possible.
Allow the muffler to cool
down.
Adjust spring preload with
handwheel 1.
To increase spring preload,
turn handwheel in direction
HARD.
To decrease spring preload,
turn handwheel in direction
SOFT.
Damping
road surfaces. When soft
damping is set, the forks
react correspondingly faster
to rough roads.
37
Adjusting compression
on telescopic forks
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Damping of telescopic
forks
Both the rebound and the
compression damping of
the telescopic forks can
be adapted to the road
condition.
With the rebound, the damping during rebound is adjusted, and with compression the
damping during compression.
The stiffer the damping, the
greater the compensating
movement of the forks is
damped when riding on rough
4
Operation
Spring-preload basic
setting
z
Adjust compression via adjusting screw 1.
Adjusting rebound on
telescopic forks
4
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Operation
38
z
To increase damping, turn
adjusting screw in + direction with a screwdriver.
To reduce damping, turn
adjusting screw in — direction with a screwdriver.
To increase damping, turn
adjusting screw in + direction with a screwdriver.
To reduce damping, turn
adjusting screw in — direction with a screwdriver.
Pressure-stage basic
setting
Turn adjusting screw as
far as possible in the direction "+", then 11 clicks
in the "-" direction.
Adjust rebound via adjusting
screw 1.
Rebound-stage basic
setting
Turn adjusting screw as
far as possible in the direction "+", then 11 clicks
in the "-" direction.
The motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do
not match the spring-preload
and damping-characteristic
settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic to suit the spring
preload.
To increase damping, turn
nut 1 in direction A.
To decrease damping, turn
nut 1 in direction B.
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Damping
Turn lower adjustment
wheel as far as possible
in direction A, then turn
13 clicks in direction B
(Full tank of gas, with rider
187 lbs (85 kg))
Adjust damping with nut 1.
Tires
Checking tire pressures
Incorrect tire pressures
result in poorer handling
of the motorcycle and can
lead to accidents.
Ensure proper tire pressure.
At high road speeds, tire
valves have a tendency
to open as a result of centrifugal force.
To avoid a sudden loss of tire
pressure, use a metal valve
cap with a rubber sealing ring
on the rear wheel and tighten
it securely.
Incorrect tire pressure
reduces the life of the
tires.
Ensure proper tire pressure.
Check tire pressure using
following data.
4
39
Operation
Adjusting damping on
rear wheel
z
4
Operation
40
z
Front tire pressure
26.1 psi (1.8 bar) (Single
rider, with cold tire)
27.6 psi (1.9 bar) (Driver
with passenger and/or
load, with cold tire)
Rear tire pressure
29 psi (2 bar) (Single rider,
with cold tire)
29 psi (2 bar) (Driver with
passenger and/or load,
with cold tire)
In case of insufficient tire
pressure:
Correct tire pressure.
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46
Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . .
47
Refueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
General brake system . . . . . . . . .
49
Brake system with BMW Motorrad ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
5
41
Riding
Riding
z
Safety instructions
42
Do not ride without the correct clothing. Always wear:
Helmet
Rider's suit
Gloves
Boots
Correct loading
This applies even to short
journeys, and to every season
of the year. Your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer will be
happy to advise you and has
the correct clothing for every
purpose.
Overloading and uneven
loading can diminish the
riding stability of the motorcycle.
Do not exceed the gross
weight limit and observe the
loading information.
Speed
Alcohol and drugs
If you ride at high speed, always bear in mind that various boundary conditions can
adversely affect the handling
of your motorcycle:
Even small amounts of
alcohol or drugs will adversely affect your perception
and your ability to assess situations and make decisions,
and slow down your reflexes.
Riding
5
z
Rider's equipment
Settings of spring—strut and
shock absorber system
Imbalanced load
Loose clothing
Insufficient tire pressure
Poor tire tread
Etc.
Medication can exacerbate
these effects.
Do not ride your motorcycle after consuming alcohol,
drugs and/or medication.
Risk of poisoning
Exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide, which is colorless and odorless but highly
toxic.
Inhaling exhaust fumes
therefore represents a
health hazard and can even
cause loss of consciousness
with fatal consequences.
Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
Do not run the engine in
closed rooms.
High voltage
Touching live parts of
the ignition system with
the engine running can cause
electric shock.
Catalytic converter
If misfiring causes unburned
fuel to enter the catalytic converter, there is a danger of
overheating and damage.
For this reason, observe the
following points:
Do not run the fuel tank dry
Do not run the engine
with the spark—plug cap
removed
Stop the engine immediately
if it misfires
Use unleaded fuel only
Comply with all specified
maintenance intervals.
Unburned fuel will destroy the catalytic converter.
Note the points listed for
protection of the catalytic
converter.
idle unnecessarily. After starting, ride off immediately.
5
Risk of fire
Tampering with the
control unit of the
electronic enginemanagement system
43
Modification of the engine-electronics control
unit can lead to damage to
the motorcycle, and therefore
to accidents.
Do not modify the engineelectronics control unit.
Riding
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine
is running.
Temperatures at the exhaust
are high.
Flammable materials
(e.g. hay, leaves, grass,
clothing and luggage, etc.)
could ignite if allowed to
come into contact with the
hot exhaust pipe.
Make sure that no highly
flammable materials can
come in contact with the hot
exhaust system.
Cooling would be
inadequate if the engine
were allowed to idle for
a lengthy period with the
motorcycle at a standstill:
overheating would result.
In extreme cases, the
motorcycle could catch fire.
Do not allow the engine to
Tampering with control
unit of electronic engine-management system
can result in mechanical loads
that the motorcycle's components are not designed to
withstand. Damage caused in
this way is not covered by the
warranty.
Do not modify the engineelectronics control unit.
z
5
Riding
44
z
Checklist
Starting
Use the following checklist
to check important functions,
settings and wear limits before you ride off.
Brakes
Front and rear brake fluid
levels
Clutch
Shock absorber setting and
spring preload
Tread depth and tire pressure
Secure luggage attachment
Side stand
At regular intervals:
Engine oil level (every time
you refuel)
Brake pad wear (during every third stop for refueling)
Starting engine
You cannot start the motorcycle with the side stand extended and a gear engaged.
The engine will switch itself off
if you start it with the transmission in neutral and then
engage a gear before retracting the side stand.
Transmission
You can start the engine
when the transmission is in
neutral or if you pull the clutch
with a gear engaged.
Emergency ON/OFF switch
in operating position.
Transmission lubrication
is only ensured when the
engine is running.Insufficient
lubrication can lead to transmission damage.
Do not allow the motorcycle
to roll for longer periods or
push it over longer distances
with the engine switched off.
Switch on ignition.
Pre-ride check is
performed. ( 45)
Wait until coolant—temperature warning light no longer
flashes if necessary.
After the ignition is
switched on, the idling
positioner is positioned. If
positioning takes longer than
the pre—ride check, this is
signaled by the coolant—
temperature warning light
flashing. You should wait
for this procedure to be
completed to avoid problems
during driving.
Engine starts.
Consult the troubleshooting
chart if the engine refuses
to start. ( 100)
Pre-ride check
Press starter button 1.
At extremely low temperatures it may be necessary to operate the throttle twist grip during starting.
At ambient temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C), actuate the
clutch after switching on the
ignition.
If the engine fails to
start although the starter
turns, insufficient battery
voltage may be the reason.
Recharge the battery before
you start the engine, or use
After the ignition is switched
on, the instrument cluster
conducts a test of the warning and indicator lights and
the display. This is the so—
called pre—ride check.
Phase 1
All warning and indicator
lights and all segments of
the multifunction display are
switched on for a short time.
Phase 2
The tire parameters stored
in the instrument cluster are
displayed for a short time.
5
45
Riding
jump leads and a donor
battery to start.
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
Switch on ignition.
Pre-ride check is
performed. ( 45)
ABS self-diagnosis is performed. ( 46)
z
5
Riding
46
z
Then the instrument cluster
assumes normal operation.
If one of the specified warning and indicator lights was
not switched on, or if not all
segments of the multifunction
display are switched on:
If it was not possible to
switch on the warning
lights, possible malfunctions
cannot be indicated.
Watch all warning and indicator lights on the display.
Have the malfunction corrected as soon as possible
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
ABS self-diagnosis OE
The readiness for operation
of the BMW Motorrad ABS
is checked by the self—diagnosis. Self—diagnosis is performed automatically when
you switch on the ignition. To
check the wheel sensors, the
motorcycle must be driven a
few yards.
Phase 1
Checking the diagnosable
system components while
stopped.
ABS warning light flashes.
Phase 2
Checking the wheel sensors
while starting off.
ABS warning light flashes.
ABS selfdiagnosis completed
The ABS warning light goes
out.
If an ABS fault is indicated
after the ABS self-diagnosis is
completed:
Continued driving is
possible. It must be noted
that the ABS function is not
available.
Have the malfunction corrected as soon as possible
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Running in
The first 600 miles
(1,000 km)
While running in the motorcycle, vary the throttle
opening and engine—speed
range frequently.
Try to do most of your riding during this initial period
on twisting, fairly hilly roads,
avoiding high—speed main
roads and highways if possible.
Exceeding the specified
engine speeds while running in will lead to increased
engine wear.
Do not exceed gear—dependent top speeds during
break—in period.
Top speeds during
break-in period
22 mph (35 km/h) (1st
gear)
34 mph (55 km/h) (2nd
gear)
47 mph (75 km/h) (3rd
gear)
59 mph (95 km/h) (4th
gear)
68 mph (110 km/h) (5th
gear)
Do not accelerate at full
throttle.
Avoid low engine speeds at
full load.
After 300 — 750 miles
(500 — 1,200 km), have the
first inspection performed.
Brake pads
New brake pads must "bed
down" and therefore do not
achieve their optimum friction levels during the first 300
miles (500 km). This initial reduction in braking efficiency
can be compensated for by
exerting greater pressure on
the levers.
New brake pads can extend stopping distance
by a significant margin.
Brake early.
Tires
New tires have a smooth surface. This must be roughened by riding in a restrained
manner at various heel angles until the tires are run in.
This running in procedure is
essential if the tires are to
achieve maximum grip.
New tires have not
achieved their full
adhesion yet. There is a
danger of accidents when
driving at extreme angles.
Avoid extreme angles.
Parking your
motorcycle
Placing on side stand
If the ground is soft or
uneven, there is no guarantee that the motorcycle will
rest firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Switch off the engine.
Pull handbrake lever.
Hold motorcycle upright and
balanced.
5
47
Riding
Adhere to the specified engine run—in speeds.
z
5
Riding
48
z
Use your left foot to extend
side stand fully.
the handlebars to the left to
set the steering lock.
Retract the side stand before
moving the vehicle.
The side stand is designed to support only
the weight of the motorcycle.
Do not lean or sit on the motorcycle with the side stand
extended.
Turn handlebars to full left
or right lock position.
Check that motorcycle is
standing firmly.
Sit on motorcycle and use
your left foot to retract side
stand.
Slowly lean the motorcycle to side until its weight
is taken by stand and dismount to left.
When you prop the
motorcycle on the
side stand, the surface of
the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
handlebars to the left or right.
However, the motorcycle
is more stable on a level
surface with the handlebars
turned to the left than with
the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn
On a grade, the motorcycle should always face
uphill; select 1st gear.
Remove from side stand
Unlock steering lock.
Switch on ignition.
From left, grip handlebars
with both hands.
Pull handbrake lever.
Swing your right leg over
the seat and lift motorcycle
to upright position.
Hold motorcycle upright and
balanced.
An extended side stand
can catch on the ground
when the motorcycle is moving and lead to a fall.
Refueling
Fuel is highly flammable.
Fire at the fuel tank can
result in fire and explosion.
Do not smoke. Never bring
a naked flame near the fuel
tank.
Fuel expands when exposed to heat. When the
tank is overfilled, fuel can escape and get onto the rear
wheel. This results in a danger of falling.
Do not fill the tank past the
bottom edge of the filler
neck.
Leaded fuel will destroy
the catalytic converter.
Use only unleaded fuel.
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Refuel with quality listed below at most until lower edge
of filler neck is reached.
Recommended fuel
type
95 ROZ/RON (Super unleaded)
Usable fuel quantity
2.6 gal (10 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
2.1 quarts ( 2 l)
Mount fuel tank cap.
Close fuel tank cap with ignition key by turning clockwise.
Open fuel tank cap 1 with
ignition key by turning counterclockwise.
Remove fuel tank cap.
General brake system
Descending mountain
passes
There is a danger of the
brakes fading if you use
only the rear brakes when descending mountain passes.
Under extreme conditions, the
brakes could overheat and
suffer severe damage.
Use both front and rear
brakes, and make use of the
engine's braking effect as
well.
Wet brakes
After the motorcycle has
been washed, ridden
through water or ridden in the
rain, the brake disks and pads
might be wet and the brakes
might not take effect immediately.
Brake early until the brakes
are dry or braked until dry.
5
49
Riding
Fuel attacks plastic
surfaces, making them
cloudy or unattractive.
Wipe off any fuel that gets onto plastic parts immediately.
z
5
Riding
50
z
Salt on brakes
Dirt or mud on brakes
The full braking effect
can be delayed if the
motorcycle is ridden on saltcovered roads and the brakes
are not applied for some time.
Brake early until the salt layer
of the brake disks and brake
pads has been braked off.
When the motorcycle
is ridden on loose surfaces or muddy roads, the
brakes may fail to take effect
immediately because of dirt
or moisture on the disks or
brake pads.
Brake early until the brakes
are braked clean.
Oil or grease on brakes
Oil and grease on the
brake disks and pads
considerably diminish braking
efficiency.
Especially after repair and
maintenance tasks, make
sure that the brake disks and
brake pads are free of oil and
grease.
Driving on unpaved or
dirty roads leads to increased brake pad wear.
Check the brake pad thickness more often and replace
the brake pads sooner.
Brake system with
BMW Motorrad
ABS OE
How does ABS work?
The maximum braking force
that can be transferred to
the road surface is partially dependent on the friction
coefficient of the road surface. Gravel, ice, snow and
wet roads offer a considerably poorer friction coefficient
than a dry, clean asphalt surface. The poorer the friction
coefficient of the road surface
is, the longer the braking distance will be.
If the maximum transferrable
braking force is exceeded
when the driver increases the
brake pressure, the wheels
begin to block and driving
stability is lost, and a fall can
result. Before this situation
occurs, ABS intervenes and
so that the running wheels
turn in every imaginable case
and the driving stability is
ensured. After detecting the
actual conditions, the system
adjusts the optimum brake
pressure.
What happens when
rough roads are
encountered?
How is the shortest
braking distance
achieved?
Bumpy or rough roads
can briefly lead to a loss of
contact between the tires
and the road surface, until
the transferrable braking
force is reduced to zero.
If braking is carried out in
this situation, ABS must
reduce the brake pressure
to ensure driving stability
when restoring contact to the
road. At this point in time, the
BMW Motorrad ABS must
assume extremely low friction
coefficients (gravel, ice, snow)
The dynamic load distribution
between the front and rear
wheel changes during braking. The heavier you brake,
the more the front wheel is
loaded. The greater the wheel
load, the more braking force
can be transferred.
To achieve the shortest
braking distance, actuate
the front and rear brake. The
front brake muss be actuated
rapidly and with increasing
force to optimally utilize the
dynamic load increase on
the front wheel. At the same
time, the clutch should also
be actuated. With the "forced
braking" often practiced in
which the brake pressure
is generated as quickly as
possible and with great
force, the dynamic load
distribution cannot follow
the increased deceleration
and the braking force cannot
be completely transferred
to the road surface. To
prevent the front wheel from
locking, the ABS system must
intervene and reduce the
brake pressure; the braking
distance increases.
Reserves for safety
But remember: the potentially shorter braking distances
which BMW Motorrad ABS
permits must not be used as
an excuse for careless riding.
ABS is primarily a means of
5
51
Riding
adjusts the brake pressure
to the maximum transferrable
braking force. This enables
the wheels to continue to turn
and maintains driving stability
regardless of the road surface
condition.
z
5
Riding
52
z
ensuring a safety margin in
genuine emergencies.
Take care when cornering.
When you apply the brakes
on a corner, the motorcycle's
weight and momentum take
over and even BMW Motorrad
ABS is unable to counteract
their effects.
Rear wheel lift
Even during severe braking,
a high level of tire grip can
mean that the front wheel
does not lock up until very
late, if at all. Consequently,
ABS does not intervene until
very late, if at all. Under these
circumstances the rear wheel
can lift off the ground, and the
outcome can be a highsiding
situation in which the motorcycle can flip over.
Severe braking can
cause the rear wheel to
lift off the ground.
When braking, bear in
mind that the ABS control
cannot be relied on in all
circumstances to prevent the
rear wheel from lifting off the
ground.
What are the design
characteristics of the
BMW Motorrad ABS?
The BMW Motorrad ABS ensures driving stability on any
surface within the limits of
driving physics. The system
is not optimized for special
requirements resulting under
extreme weather conditions
offroad or on the racetrack.
Special situations
To detect the tendency of the
wheels to lock up, the speeds
of the front and rear wheel
are compared. If implausible
values are detected over a
longer period of time, the ABS
function is deactivated for
safety reasons and an ABS
fault is indicated. The condition for a fault message is the
completed self—diagnosis.
In addition to problems on the
BMW Motorrad ABS, unusual
driving conditions can also
lead to a fault message.
Unusual driving conditions:
Driving on the rear wheel
(wheely) for a longer period.
Rear wheel spinning in
place with front brake pulled
(burn out).
Heating up on an auxiliary
stand at idle or with gear
engaged.
Locked—up rear wheel for a
longer period of time, e.g.
when riding downhill offroad.
Should a fault message result
due to one of the driving conditions described above, the
ABS function can be reactivated by switching the ignition
off and then on again.
5
53
Any technical system is
always only as good as
its maintenance condition.
To ensure that the BMW Motorrad ABS is in an optimally
maintained condition, it is vital
that the specified inspection
intervals be complied with.
Riding
How important is regular
maintenance?
z
z
Riding
5
54
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . .
56
Onboard socket OE . . . . . . . . . . . .
56
6
55
Accessories
Accessories
z
6
Accessories
56
z
General instructions
BMW Motorrad recommends
the use of parts and accessories for your motorcycle
that are approved by BMW
for this purpose.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer is the right place
to go for genuine BMW parts
and accessories,other BMW
—approved products, and expert advice on their installation and use.
These parts and products
have been tested by BMW for
safety, function and suitability.
BMW accepts product liability
for these products.
Conversely, BMW is unable to
accept any liability whatsoever for parts and accessories
which it has not approved.
BMW Motorrad cannot
examine or test each
product of outside origin to
ensure that it can be used on
or in connection with BMW
motorcycles without constituting a safety hazard. Nor
is this guarantee provided
when the official approval of
a specific country has been
granted. Tests conducted
by these instances cannot
make provision for all operating conditions experienced by
BMW motorcycles and, consequently, they are not sufficient in some circumstances.
Use only parts and accessories approved by BMW for
your motorcycle.
Whenever you are planning
modifications, comply with all
the legal requirements. The
motorcycle must not infringe
on national road—vehicle construction and use regulations.
Onboard socket OE
Ratings
The load of the onboard
socket 1 may not exceed
the value specified in the
technical data.
Operating electrical
accessories
The operation of additional devices is a strain on the
battery. The starting capacity
of the battery must be maintained.
The cables from the onboard
socket to the auxiliary device
must be routed in such a way
that they:
Do not impede the rider
Do not restrict or obstruct
the steering angle and handling characteristics
Cannot be trapped
Improperly routed cables
can impede the rider.
Route the cables as
described above.
6
57
Accessories
Cable routing
z
z
Accessories
6
58
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . .
60
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
88
Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
License-plate carrier . . . . . . . . . . .
92
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
General brake system . . . . . . . . .
63
Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64
Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
67
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
69
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
69
Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
71
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
78
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
7
59
Maintenance
Maintenance
z
7
Maintenance
60
z
General instructions
Toolkit
The 'Maintenance' chapter
describes work involving the
checking and replacement of
wear parts that can be performed with a minimum of effort.
If special tightening torques
are to be taken into account
for assembly, these are listed.
An overview of all required
tightening torques is contained in the chapter "Technical Data".
Information on additional
maintenance and repair work
is provided in the Repair
Manual for your motorcycle
on CD/DVD—ROM (RepROM),
which you can obtain from
your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Standard onboard toolkit
5 Screwdriver blade
Phillips and straight blade
6 Open—ended wrench, 15
mm
Adjusting mirror arm
7 Open—ended wrench, 14
mm
Adjusting mirror arm
1 Fuse clip
Replacing fuses
2 Open—ended wrench, 8/10
mm
Adjusting chain tension
3 Screwdriver handle
Screwdriver handle
4 Screwdriver, small
Replacing turn indicator
bulbs
8 Allen key, 4 mm
Removing and installing
body panels
Onboard-toolkit service
set
Your BMW Motorrad retailer offers the onboard—toolkit service set for additional
work.
Information on conducting
this work is provided in the
Repair Manual on DVD/CD—
ROM (RepROM), which is al-
Allen screw 3 mm, replacing
headlight bulb
Allen key, 4 mm, removing
and installing fairings
Allen screw 6 mm, adjusting
headlight height
3 Box wrench, 27 mm
Removing and installing
wheels
1 Pull—out tool holder
Holding of all tools with
adapter
2 Bits, 1/4"
Phillips
Straight blade
Adapter 1/4" hexagon to 1/
4" square
2x hexagon socket wrench
insert, removing and installing front wheel
4 Flashlight
LED technology
5 3x Socket wrench
Adjusting chain tension
6 Adapter
Mounting for 1/4" bits
9x12 mm and 3/8" jointed
adapter
Engine oil
Checking engine oil level
The engine can seize if
the oil level is low, and
this can lead to accidents.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
The oil level varies with
the temperature of the
oil. The higher the temperature, the higher the level of oil
in the sump. Checking the oil
level with the engine cold or
after a short trip leads to misinterpretations and therefore
to incorrect oil fill quantities.
To ensure that the display of
the engine oil level is correct,
only check the oil level after a
longer trip.
Make sure the ground is
level and firm and hold motorcycle at operating temperature vertically.
7
61
Maintenance
so available from your BMW
Motorrad retailer.
z
7
Maintenance
62
Allow engine to idle until fan
starts up, then allow to continue running for an additional minute.
Switch off the engine.
Wipe area around oil fill location clean.
Clean oil dipstick 2 with a
dry cloth
Install oil dipstick.
Remove oil dipstick and
read off oil level.
z
Remove cap from oil fill location 1 by turning counterclockwise.
Specified level of engine oil
between MIN and MAX
marking
If oil level is below MIN mark:
Topping up engine oil
( 63)
If the oil level is above the
MAX mark:
Have oil level corrected by
a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Both too little and too
much engine oil can lead
to engine damage.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
Wipe area around fill location clean.
Add engine oil up to marking A.
To check the oil level, screw
the oil dipstick in and then
out again.
Install cap of oil fill location.
General brake system
Brake safety
Remove cap of oil fill location 1.
A properly functioning brake
system is a basic requirement for the road safety of
your motorcycle.
Do not ride the motorcycle if
you have any doubts about
Incorrect working practices endanger the reliability of the brakes.
Have all work on the brake
system performed by a specialized workshop, preferably
by an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Checking brake
operation
Pull handbrake lever.
Pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
Press footbrake lever.
Pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
7
63
Maintenance
the dependability of the brake
system.
In this case, have the brake
system checked by a specialized workshop, preferably by
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Topping up engine oil
z
7
Maintenance
64
z
If no clear pressure points are
perceptible:
Have the brakes checked
by a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Brake pads
Checking front brake pad
thickness
Brake pads worn past
the minimum permissible
thickness can impair braking efficiency and under certain circumstances they can
cause damage to the brake
system.
In order to ensure the operating reliability of the brake system, make sure that the brake
pads are not worn beyond
their minimum thickness.
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Check the brake pad thickness with visual inspection. Direction of view: between wheel and fork tube
at brake caliper.
Front brake-pad wear
limit
0.04 in (1 mm) (Only friction material without carrier plate)
Wear markings (grooves)
must be clearly visible.
If the wear indicating marks
are no longer clearly visible:
Have the brake pads replaced by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
7
Brake pads worn past
the minimum permissible
thickness can impair braking efficiency and under certain circumstances they can
cause damage to the brake
system.
In order to ensure the operating reliability of the brake system, make sure that the brake
pads are not worn beyond
their minimum thickness.
65
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Check thickness of rear
brake pads 1 with visual inspection from behind.
Rear brake-pad wear
limit
0.04 in (1 mm) (Only friction material without carrier plate)
Wear indicators must be
clearly visible.
If the wear indicating marks
are no longer visible:
Have brake pads replaced
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Maintenance
Checking rear brake pad
thickness
z
7
Maintenance
66
z
Brake fluid
Checking front brake
fluid level
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air to penetrate the brake
system. This significantly reduces braking efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
Make sure the ground is
level and firm and hold the
motorcycle vertically.
Move handlebars into
straight—ahead position.
Read off brake fluid level at
front brake—fluid reservoir 1.
The brake fluid level in
the brake—fluid reservoir drops due to brake pad
wear.
Front brake fluid level
Brake fluid DOT4
The brake fluid level must
not fall below the MIN
mark. (Brake-fluid reservoir horizontal)
If brake fluid level drops below permissible level:
Have defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air to penetrate the brake
system. This significantly reduces braking efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
The brake fluid level in
the brake—fluid reservoir drops due to brake pad
wear.
Have defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
67
Coolant
Checking coolant level
Make sure the ground is
level and firm and hold the
motorcycle vertically.
Make sure the ground is
level and firm and hold the
motorcycle vertically.
z
Rear brake fluid level
Brake fluid DOT4
The brake fluid level must
not fall below the MIN
mark. (Brake-fluid reservoir horizontal)
Read off brake fluid level at
rear brake—fluid reservoir 1.
7
If brake fluid level drops below permissible level:
Maintenance
Checking rear brake fluid
level
Check coolant level
on scale 1 of coolant
expansion tank.
Topping up coolant
7
Maintenance
68
z
Coolant, specified level
Pour in coolant up to specified level.
Close cap of coolant expansion tank.
Pull out radiator cap cover 1
toward front.
between MIN and MAX
marks on expansion tank
Insert radiator cap cover
in holders 3. When doing
so, guide the upper edge of
the cover behind the lower
edge of the center fairing
panel 4.
If coolant level is too low:
Add coolant.
If coolant level is too high:
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Open cap of coolant expansion tank 2.
Adjusting clutch
Checking clutch lever
play
Pull clutch lever until resistance is felt.
Measure clutch lever play A.
Clutch lever play
0.04...0.08 in (1...2 mm)
If clutch lever play is outside
tolerance:
Adjusting clutch ( 69)
Tires
Checking tire tread
depth
Push back bellows 1.
Loosen lock nut 2.
Adjust clutch lever play to
setpoint setting with adjusting screw 3.
Turn clockwise: clearance
is increased.
Turn counterclockwise:
clearance is reduced.
Checking clutch lever play
( 69)
Tighten lock nut 2.
Pull bellows 1 over adjusting
screw.
The handling of your
motorcycle can already
change for the worse before
the legally prescribed minimum tread depth is reached.
Have tires replaced even before the minimum tread depth
is reached.
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Measure tire tread depth
in main tread grooves with
wear indicating marks.
Tires have wear indicators integrated into the
main tread grooves. If the tire
tread has worn down to the
level of the marks, the tire is
completely worn. The locations of the marks are indi-
7
69
Maintenance
Clutch
z
7
Maintenance
70
z
cated on the edge of the tire,
e.g. by the letters TI, TWI or
by an arrow.
If the tire tread depth no
longer complies with the
legally required minimum
tread depth:
Replace tire.
Chain
Checking chain tension
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
If the measured value is outside the permissible tolerance:
Adjusting chain tension
( 70)
Adjusting chain tension
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Rims
Checking rims
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Visually inspect rims for defects.
Have damaged rims
checked and, if necessary,
replaced by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Press chain upward and
downward using a screwdriver and measure difference A.
Chain sag
1 in (25 mm) (Motorcycle unladen on auxiliary
stand)
Loosen quick—release axle
nut 1.
Loosen lock nuts 2 on left
and right by turning counterclockwise.
Locknut of drive-chain
tensioning screw
18 lb/ft (25 Nm)
Tighten quick—release axle
nut 1 with specified torque.
Nut on rear quickrelease axle
59 lb/ft (80 Nm)
Checking chain wear
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Pull chain toward rear at
rear—most point of chain
sprocket.
The tooth tips must still be
within the chain links.
If the chain can be pulled off
beyond the tooth tips:
Please contact a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Wheels
Recommended tires
For every size of tire, BMW
Motorrad has tested and
approved certain makes
as roadworthy. BMW
Motorrad cannot evaluate
the suitability of other tires,
and can therefore take no
responsibility for their driving
safety.
BMW Motorrad recommends
only using the tires tested and
approved by BMW Motorrad.
Extensive information is available at your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer or on the
Internet at www.bmw—motorrad.com.
Removing front wheel
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
7
71
Maintenance
Adjust chain tension with
adjusting screws 3 on left
and right.
Turning clockwise: chain
tension is reduced.
Turning counterclockwise:
chain tension is increased.
Checking chain tension
( 70)
Make sure that the same
scale value 4 is set on the
left and right.
Tighten lock nuts 2 on left
and right by turning clockwise.
z
72
Mask off parts of wheel rim
that could be scratched
when removing brake
caliper.
Maintenance
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is
a risk of the brake pads being pressed together to the
extent that they cannot be
slipped back over the brake
disk on reassembly.
Do not operate the handbrake
lever when the brake calipers
have been removed.
7
Remove securing screws 1
of brake caliper.
z
Carefully pull brake caliper
back and out until clear of
brake disks.
Press brake pads in brake
caliper 2 apart slightly by
rocking back and forth A in
relation to brake disks 3.
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
When pulling off left brake
caliper, make sure that
ABS sensor cable is not
damaged.
Place motorcycle on suitable auxiliary stand.
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
Remove screw 1 of ABS
sensor and take ABS sensor out of holder.
clamping on right—hand
side.
Pull out axle using a screwdriver.
Do not remove grease on
axle.
73
Remove left—hand spacer
sleeve 6.
z
Roll front wheel out of the
forks.
Unscrew right—hand axle
clamping screws 4.
Press axle 5 inward from
left until it protrudes from
Maintenance
Unscrew left—hand axle
clamping screws 2.
Remove axle screw 3.
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is
a risk of the brake pads being pressed together to the
extent that they cannot be
slipped back over the brake
disk on reassembly.
Do not operate the handbrake
lever when the brake calipers
have been removed.
7
Remove right—hand spacer
sleeve 7.
7
Maintenance
74
Installing front wheel
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified torque can work loose or
their threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Install left—hand spacer
sleeve 6.
The front wheel must be
installed right way round
to rotate in the correct direction.
Observe the direction of rotation arrows on the tires or on
the rim.
z
Roll front wheel into forks.
Install right—hand spacer
sleeve 7.
Insert axle 5 as far as possible.
Tighten axle clamping
screw 4 with specified
torque.
Front axle clamping
7 lb/ft (10 Nm)
7
Front axle clamping
75
7 lb/ft (10 Nm)
Install mounting screws 1
with appropriate torque.
Install the axis screw 3 with
torque.
Adapter plate on slider
tube
Nut on front quickrelease axle
37 lb/ft (50 Nm)
59 lb/ft (80 Nm)
Without actuating brake:
firmly compress spring forks
several times.
Tighten the left—hand axle
clamping screws 2 with
specified torque.
Mount ABS sensor in holder
and install screw 1 of ABS
sensor.
Remove auxiliary stand.
Place brake caliper on
brake disk.
Remove adhesive tape from
wheel rim.
Operate brakes several
times until brake pads
contact brake disk.
Removing rear wheel
Place motorcycle on suitable auxiliary stand.
Maintenance
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
z
7
Maintenance
76
Remove screws 1.
z
Remove screw 3 of speed
sensor and take speed sensor out of holder.
Remove quick—release axle
nut 4.
Loosen lock nuts 5 on left
and right by turning counterclockwise.
Loosen adjusting screws 6
on left and right by turning
clockwise so that adjusting
plate 7 can be removed.
Remove quick—release
axle 8.
Roll rear wheel as far forward as possible and remove chain 9 from chain
sprocket.
Roll rear wheel toward rear
out of swinging arm.
The chain sprocket and
the spacer sleeves on
the left and right are loosely
inserted in the wheel. When
removing, make sure that
these parts are not damaged
or lost.
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified torque can work loose or
their threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Roll rear wheel into swinging arm while guiding brake
disk between brake pads.
7
77
Maintenance
swinging arm, brake caliper
and rear wheel.
Turn quick—release axle so
that it fits into recess of adjusting plate.
Installing rear wheel
Roll rear wheel as far forward as possible and lay
chain 9 on chain sprocket.
z
Insert adjusting plate 7.
Mount quick—release axle 8
with adjusting plate 7 in
If the fuses are frequently
defective, have the electrical system checked by a
specialized workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
7
Maintenance
78
Removing seat ( 33)
Switch off ignition.
Install quick—release axle
nut 4, however do not tighten yet.
z
Lay on cover 2.
Install 2 screws 1.
Adjusting chain tension
( 70)
Remove auxiliary stand.
Fuses
Removing fuses
Mount speed sensor in
holder and install screw 3 of
speed sensor.
There is a danger of fire
if defective fuses are bypassed.
Always replace defective fuses with new fuses.
Press locking lever 1 and
fold open fuse cover.
Pull defective fuse out of
fuse box as shown in assignment diagram.
Fuse assignment
G Spare fuse (15 A or 10 A
with OE)
H Spare fuse (7.5 A)
I Spare fuse (15 A)
ABS fuse assignment OE
7
79
A
B
ABS (OE) (10 A)
Engine management system (15 A)
C Low-beam headlight
(7.5 A)
D Brake light, horn, instrument cluster, diagnosis
plug (7.5 A)
E Parking lights, license
plate light, headlight flasher, highbeam headlight (7.5 A)
F Starter relay, turn indicators, diagnosis plug
(15 A)
Replace defective fuse with
fuse with required amperage.
Close fuse cover.
Latch audibly engages.
Installing seat ( 34)
Removing ABS fuses OE
Removing right fairing side
panel ( 90)
Switch off ignition.
Pull defective fuse out of
fuse box as shown in assignment diagram.
1
2
3
4
ABS (30 A)
Spare fuse (30 A)
Spare fuse (20 A)
ABS (20 A)
Installing ABS fuses OE
Replace defective fuse with
fuse with required amperage.
Installing right fairing side
panel ( 91)
Maintenance
Installing fuses
z
Lamps
80
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because it is easier for other
users to oversee you and
your motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a complete set of spare
bulbs if possible.
Maintenance
7
z
General instructions
The bulb is pressurized
and can cause injury if
damaged.
Wear eye and hand protection
when replacing bulbs.
posits, in particular oil and
grease, interfere with heat radiation from the bulb. Overheating and therefore short
service life of the bulbs are
the consequence.
Removing headlight
If it is not standing firmly, the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the
operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is steady on its stand.
Remove screws 1 on left
and right.
Remove left and right—hand
side panel.
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
An overview of the bulb
types installed in your
motorcycle is provided in the
chapter "Technical Data".
Do not touch the glass
of new bulbs with your
fingers. For installation, use
a clean, dry cloth. Dirt de-
Remove screws 2 on left
and right and screw 3.
Take off headlight housing
toward front and upward.
7
81
Installing headlight
housing
Align headlight housing so
that center of screw 3 is
aligned with line 4.
Tighten screw 3.
Mount fairing on left and
right, making sure that lug
engages in mount 5.
Maintenance
Mount headlight housing.
z
Install screws 2 on left and
right and screw 3, however
do not tighten yet.
Tighten screws 2 on left and
right.
Install screws 1 on left and
right.
7
82
Replacing lowbeam and highbeam bulb
Maintenance
Removing headlight (
Switch off ignition.
80)
Remove rubber cap 2.
Remove bulb 4.
Replace defective bulb.
Bulb of low-beam and
high-beam headlight
z
H4 / 12 V / 55...60 W
Disconnect plug 1.
Remove spring strap 3 from
detents and fold up.
Fold closed spring strap 3
and insert in detents.
Install rubber cap 2.
7
If it is not standing firmly, the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the
operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is steady on its stand.
83
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Removing headlight ( 80)
Switch off ignition.
Connect plug 1.
Installing headlight housing
( 81)
Pull bulb socket 1 out of
headlight housing.
Maintenance
Install bulb 4.
Replacing parking light
bulb
z
Replacing front and rear
turn indicator bulbs
84
If it is not standing firmly, the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the
operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is steady on its stand.
Maintenance
7
z
Pull the bulb 2 out of the
socket 3.
Replace defective bulb.
Insert bulb 2 into socket 3.
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Parking-light bulb
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Insert bulb socket 1 into
headlight housing.
Installing headlight housing
( 81)
Remove screw 1.
Replace defective bulb.
7
Bulb of front turn indicators
85
Bulb of rear turn indicators
Pull glass on screw connection side out of mirror
housing.
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Insert inside end of lens into
light housing and close.
Maintenance
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
z
Install bulb 2 by turning
clockwise in light housing.
Remove bulb 2 from light
housing by turning it counterclockwise.
Install screw 1.
Replacing license plate
light
86
If it is not standing firmly, the motorcycle could
topple in the course of the
operations described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is steady on its stand.
Maintenance
7
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Pull the bulb 2 out of the
socket 3.
Replace defective bulb.
Insert bulb 2 into socket 3.
Bulb of license plate
light
z
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Pull bulb socket 1 out of
bulb holder.
Insert bulb socket 1 into
bulb holder.
The wires leading to the
onboard socket do not
have a load-capacity rating
adequate for jump-starting
the engine. Excessively high
current can lead to a cable
fire or damage to the motorcycle electronics.
Do not use the onboard socket to jumpstart the motorcycle.
Touching live parts of
the ignition system with
the engine running can cause
electric shock.
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine
is running.
A short-circuit can result
if the crocodile clips of
the jump leads are accidentally brought into contact with
the motorcycle.
Use only jump leads fitted
with fully insulated crocodile
clips at both ends.
7
Jump-starting with a
donor-battery voltage
higher than 12 V can damage
the motorcycle electronics.
The battery of the donor vehicle must have a voltage of
12 V.
87
Removing right fairing side
panel ( 90)
When jump—starting the engine, do not disconnect the
battery from the onboard
electrical system.
Remove rubber tensioning
strap 1 from holder at bottom and pull out battery 2
somewhat.
Run engine of donor vehicle
during jump—starting.
Maintenance
Jump-starting
z
7
Maintenance
88
z
Begin by connecting one
end of the red jump lead
to the positive terminal 3 of
the discharged battery and
the other end to the positive terminal of the donor
battery.
Connect the black jumper
cable to the negative terminal of the supporting battery and then to a suitable
grounding point of this motorcycle.
Start engine of motorcycle
with discharged battery in
usual way; if engine refuses
to start, wait a few minutes
before repeating attempt to
protect starter and supporting battery.
Allow both engines to idle
for a few minutes before
disconnecting jump leads.
First disconnect jumper cables from negative terminal
and from grounding point
respectively, then from positive terminal 3.
To start the engine, do
not use start sprays or
similar items.
Installing right fairing side
panel ( 91)
Battery
Maintenance instructions
Correct upkeep, recharging
and storage will prolong the
life of the battery and are essential if warranty claims are
to be considered.
Compliance with the points
below is important in order to
maximize battery life:
Keep the surface of the battery clean and dry
Do not open the battery
Do not top up with water
Be sure to read and comply with the instructions for
charging the battery on the
following pages
Do not turn the battery upside down
If the battery is not
disconnected, the
onboard electronics (clock
etc.) will drain the battery.
This can cause the battery
to run flat. If this happens,
warranty claims will not be
accepted.
During periods when the motorcycle is not being used, of
more than four weeks, disconnect the battery from the
Charging connected
battery
Charging the connected battery directly at the
battery terminals can damage
the motorcycle electronics.
To charge the battery via the
battery terminals, disconnect
the battery first.
If you switch on
the ignition and the
multifunction display and
indicator lights fail to light
up, the battery is completely
flat. Attempting to charge a
completely flat battery via the
onboard socket can cause
damage to the motorcycle's
electronics.
Always charge a completely
drained battery directly at the
terminals of the disconnected
battery.
Charge connected battery
via onboard socket (OE).
Comply with operating instructions of charger.
Charging disconnected
battery
battery before returning it to
use.
7
Removing battery
89
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Removing right fairing side
panel ( 90)
Charge battery using a suitable charger.
Comply with operating instructions of charger.
Once battery is fully
charged, disconnect
charger terminal clips from
battery terminals.
In the case of longer periods when the motorcycle is not being used, the
battery must be recharged
regularly. See the instructions for caring for your battery. Always fully recharge the
Maintenance
motorcycle or connect a trickle charger to the battery.
z
Unhook clamping strap 1.
Pull out battery 2.
Installing battery
7
Maintenance
90
z
An incorrect disconnection sequence increase
the risk of short-circuiting.
Always observe the proper
sequence.
Remove battery ground
wire 4 first.
Then remove positive battery cable 3.
An incorrect installation
sequence increases the
risk of short-circuiting.
Always observe the proper
sequence.
First install the positive battery cable 3.
Then install negative battery
cable 4.
Insert battery 2 with negative terminal first.
Hook in clamping strap 1.
Installing right fairing side
panel ( 91)
Setting clock ( 29)
Removing right fairing
side panel
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Removing seat ( 33)
Take off fairing side panel.
7
Installing right fairing
side panel
Install screws 2.
Remove screw 1 at front
right.
z
First insert fairing side panel
into holder 4, then into holder 3.
Remove screws 2.
First pull fairing side panel
out of holder 3, then toward
rear out of holder 4.
Maintenance
91
Install screw 1 at front right.
Installing seat ( 34)
7
92
Installing licenseplate carrier
License-plate carrier
Removing licenseplate carrier
Maintenance
Make sure ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Disconnect connector 2.
Unlock license—plate carrier
with wire loop 3 and remove
while threading out connector 2 with cable.
z
Remove four screws 1.
Thread in cable, insert license—plate carrier with
holders 5 in mounts 4 and
press upward.
Pin 6 audibly engages.
7
Install four screws 1.
Maintenance
93
z
Close connector 2.
z
Maintenance
7
94
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
Washing your motorcycle . . . . . .
96
Cleaning sensitive motorcycle
parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
Protective wax coating . . . . . . . .
98
Storing motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
Returning motorcycle to use . . .
98
8
95
Care
Care
z
8
Care
96
z
Care products
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use cleaning and
care products available at
your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer. BMW Care
Products have been materials tested, laboratory tested,
and field tested and provide
optimum care and protection
for the materials used in your
motorcycle.
The use of unsuitable
cleaning and care products can damage motorcycle
components.
For cleaning, do not use any
solvents such as nitro-thinners, cold cleaning agents,
fuel or similar, and do not use
cleaning agents that contain
alcohol.
Washing your
motorcycle
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use BMW Insect Remover to soften and wash off
insects and stubborn dirt from
painted parts before washing
the motorcycle.
To prevent stains, do
not wash the motorcycle
immediately after it has been
exposed to bright sunlight
and do not wash it in the sun.
Make sure that the motorcycle is washed frequently,
especially during the winter
months.
To remove road salt, clean
the motorcycle with cold water immediately after every
trip.
After the motorcycle has
been washed, ridden
through water or ridden in the
rain, the brake disks and pads
might be wet and the brakes
might not take effect immediately.
Brake early until the brakes
are dry or braked until dry.
Warm water intensifies
the effect of salt.
Only use cold water to remove road salt.
The high pressure of
steam cleaners can
damage seals, the hydraulic
brake system, the electrical
system and the seat.
Do not use a
steam jet or highpressure cleaning
equipment.
Plastics
Clean plastic parts with water
and BMW plastic care emulsion. This includes in particular:
Windshields and wind deflectors
Headlight lens made of
plastic
Covering glass of the instrument cluster
Black, unpainted parts
If plastic parts are
cleaned using unsuitable
cleaning agents, the surfaces
can be damaged.
Do not use cleaning agents
that contain alcohol, solvents
or abrasives to clean plastic
parts.
'Fly sponges' or sponges with
hard surfaces can also lead to
scratches.
Soften stubborn dirt and
dead insects by covering
the affected areas with a wet
cloth.
Chrome
Especially in the case of road
salt, carefully clean chrome
parts with plenty of water and
BMW auto shampoo. Use
chrome polish for additional
treatment.
Radiator
Clean the radiator regularly to prevent overheating of
the engine due to inadequate
cooling.
For example, use a garden
hose with low water pressure.
Cooling fins can be bent
easily.
When cleaning the radiator,
ensure that the fins are not
bent.
8
97
Rubber
Treat rubber components with
water or BMW rubber protection coating agent.
Using silicone sprays for
the care of rubber seals
can cause damage.
Do not use silicon sprays or
other care products that contain silicon.
Paint care
Washing the motorcycle
regularly will help counteract
the long—term effects of
substances that damage
the paint, especially if your
motorcycle is ridden in areas
with high air pollution or
Care
Cleaning sensitive
motorcycle parts
z
8
Care
98
z
natural sources of dirt, e.g.
tree resin or pollen.
However, remove particularly
aggressive materials immediately; otherwise changes
in the paint or discoloration
can occur. These include
spilled fuel, oil, grease, brake
fluid as well as bird droppings. BMW Car Polish or
BMW Paint Cleaner are recommended for this.
Contamination of the paint finish is particularly easy to see
after the motorcycle has been
washed. Remove this type
of soiling with cleaning naphtha or spirit on a clean cloth
or cotton ball. BMW Motorrad recommends removing
tar spots with BMW Tar Remover. Then add a protective
wax coating to the paint at
these locations.
Protective wax
coating
To preserve the finish of your
motorcycle, BMW Motorrad
recommends using BMW Car
Wax or agents that contain
carnauba or synthetic waxes.
A sure sign that the paint
must be protected, is the fact
that water no longer pearls up
on it.
Storing motorcycle
Clean the motorcycle.
Remove the battery.
Spray the brake and clutch
lever, the side stand pivot
and, if necessary, the main
stand pivot with a suitable
lubricant.
Coat bare metal and
chrome—plated parts with
an acid—free grease (e.g.
Vaseline).
Park the motorcycle in a dry
room so that both wheels
are unloaded.
Before storing the
vehicle, have the engine
oil and the oil filter element
changed by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.Combine work for
storing/returning to use with
maintenance service or an
inspection.
Returning motorcycle
to use
Remove protective wax
coating.
Clean the motorcycle.
Install a charged battery.
Before starting: Observe
checklist.
Technical data
Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . . 100
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . 101
9
99
Riding specifications . . . . . . . . . 105
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Electrical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Technical data
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
z
9
Technical data
100
z
Troubleshooting chart
Engine does not start at all or is very difficult to start
Possible cause
Remedy
Emergency ON/OFF switch activated.
Emergency ON/OFF switch in operating position.
Side stand extended and gear engaged.
Retract side stand (
Gear engaged and clutch not operated.
Place transmission in neutral or disengage
clutch ( 44).
44).
No fuel in tank.
Refueling (
Battery not adequately charged.
Charging connected battery (
48)
89)
Threaded fasteners
Front wheel
Value
Valid
101
Nut on front quick-release axle
M20 x 1.25
9
59 lb/ft (80 Nm)
M6
7 lb/ft (10 Nm)
Adapter plate on slider tube
37 lb/ft (50 Nm)
Rear wheel
Value
Nut on rear quick-release axle
M20 x 1.25
59 lb/ft (80 Nm)
Locknut of drive-chain tensioning screw
M8
18 lb/ft (25 Nm)
Valid
Technical data
Front axle clamping
z
9
102
Mirror arm
Value
Mirror union nut
15 lb/ft (20 Nm)
Technical data
Mirror clamping screw on handlebar
z
15 lb/ft (21 Nm)
Valid
Engine design
Single-cylinder, four-stroke engine, DOHC
control with bush roller-chain drive, 4 valves
actuated by bucket tappets, compensating shaft, liquid cooling for cylinders and
cylinder head. Integrated water pump, 5speed transmission and dry-sump lubrication
Effective displacement
652 cc (652 cm3)
Cylinder bore diameter
3.9 in (100 mm)
Piston stroke
3.3 in (83 mm)
Compression ratio
11.5:1
Rated output
53 hp (39 kW), - at engine speed: 7500 min-1
Maximum torque
44 lb/ft (60 Nm), - at engine
speed: 5250 min-1
Maximum engine speed
7500 min-1
Idle speed
1480 min-1
Fuel
Recommended fuel type
95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded
Usable fuel quantity
2.6 gal (10 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
2.1 quarts ( 2 l)
9
103
Technical data
Engine
z
9
Technical data
104
z
Engine oil
Engine oil capacity - total
2.4 quarts (2.3 l), with filter change
Engine oil top-up quantity
0.3 quarts (0.25 l), Difference between MIN
and MAX
Oil grades
Mineral engine oils with the API classification
SF to SH. BMW Motorrad does not recommend using oil additives, as these can worsen the operation of the clutch. BMW Motorrad recommends not using synthetic oils for
the first 6,000 miles (10,000 km). Ask your
BMW Motorrad retailer for engine oils suitable for your motorcycle.
Permissible viscosity classes
SAE 10 W-40
SAE 15 W-40
-4 °F ( -20 °C), Operation at low temperatures
14 °F ( -10 °C)
Riding specifications
Top speed
9
104 mph (167 km/h)
105
Clutch
Multi-disk oil-bath clutch
Transmission
Transmission design
Claw-shifted 5-speed transmission
Transmission gear ratios
1.946
2.750
1.750
1.313
1.045
0.875
(37:72
(12:33
(16:28
(16:21
(22:23
(24:21
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
Primary gear ratio
1st gear
2nd gear
3rd gear
4th gear
5th gear
Technical data
Clutch design
z
9
Technical data
106
z
Rear-wheel drive
Rear-wheel drive design
Chain drive
Rear suspension design
2-arm cast aluminum swinging arm
Secondary gear ratio
2.9 (16:47 teeth)
Running gear
Front suspension design
Upside-down telescopic forks
Front-suspension spring travel
10.6 in (270 mm), On wheel
Rear-wheel suspension design
Directly linked central spring strut with coil
pressure spring and single-tube gas-filled
shock absorber
Total spring travel on rear wheel
8.3 in (210 mm), On wheel
Front-wheel brake design
Hydraulically operated single-rotor disk brake
with 4-piston fixed calipers and floating brake
disk
Front brake-pad material
Sintered metal
Rear-wheel brake design
Hydraulic single-rotor disk brake with 1-piston floating caliper and fixed brake disk
Rear brake lining material
Organic
Wheels and tires
Front wheel design
Cast aluminum, MT H2
Front-wheel rim size
3.50" x 17"
Front tire designation
120 / 70 - 17
Rear wheel design
Cast aluminum, MT H2
Rear-wheel rim size
4.50" x 17"
Rear tire designation
160 / 60 -17
9
107
Technical data
Brakes
z
9
Tire pairs approved by copy deadline
Technical data
108
z
front: Pirelli Diabolo, 120/70 R 17 (58H)
rear: Pirelli Diabolo, 160/60 R 17 (69H)
You can obtain an overview of the
current tire approvals from your authorized BMW motorcycle retailer
or on the Internet at www.bmwmotorrad.com.
Tire pressures
Front tire pressure
26.1 psi (1.8 bar), Single rider, with cold tire
27.6 psi (1.9 bar), Driver with passenger and/
or load, with cold tire
Rear tire pressure
29 psi (2 bar), Single rider, with cold tire
29 psi (2 bar), Driver with passenger and/or
load, with cold tire
Electrical system
9
Capacity of onboard socket
Fuses
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
5A
109
"Minifuse" blade-type fuses with 7.5 A and
15 A
"Minifuse" blade-type fuses with 10 A, 20 A
and 30 A
Battery
Battery designation
ETZ 10 S
Battery design
AGM (Absorptive Glass Matt) battery
Battery voltage
12 V
Battery capacity
10 Ah
Spark plugs
Spark plug manufacturer and designation
NGK DR8 EB
Spark-plug electrode gap
0.02...0.03 in (0.6...0.7 mm), New
0.04 in (0.9 mm), Wear limit
Technical data
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
z
9
Technical data
110
z
Bulbs
Bulb of low-beam and high-beam headlight
H4 / 12 V / 55...60 W
Parking-light bulb
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Bulb of front turn indicators
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Bulb of rear turn indicators
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Bulb of license plate light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Frame
Frame design
Steel bridge frame, carrying drive unit and
bolted-on rear frame
Location of type plate
On front frame at right
Location of vehicle identification number
On front frame at right
Motorcycle length
85.8 in (2180 mm)
Maximum height in normal-load position
46.6 in (1184 mm), Without mirrors
56.5 in (1435 mm), With mirrors
Motorcycle width
35.7 in (907 mm), Across mirrors
Driver's seat height
36.2 in (920 mm), Without driver at unladen
weight
Weights
Unladen weight
351 lbs (159 kg), DIN unladen weight, ready
for road, 90 % full tank of gas, without OE
Permissible gross weight
739 lbs (335 kg)
Maximum payload
388 lbs (176 kg)
9
111
Technical data
Dimensions
z
z
Technical data
9
112
BMW Motorrad Service . . . . . . . 114
BMW Motorrad Service Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
BMW Motorrad Service Card On-the-spot breakdown assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
BMW Motorrad Service Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Maintenance schedule . . . . . . . . 116
Confirmation of maintenance
work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Confirmation of service . . . . . . . 122
10
113
Service
Service
z
10
BMW Motorrad
Service
114
Advanced technology
requires specially adapted
methods of maintenance and
repair.
Service
If this maintenance and
repair work is performed
inexpertly, there is a danger
of damage and associated
safety risks.
BMW Motorrad recommends
having corresponding work
on your motorcycle carried
out by a specialized workshop, preferably by an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
z
You can contact your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer
for information on the procedures included in BMW service, inspections and the annual inspection.
Have all maintenance and
repair work carried out con-
firmed in the "Service" chapter in this manual.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer is supplied with all
the latest technical information and therefore possesses
the necessary technical know
—how. BMW Motorrad recommends that you refer any
questions about your motorcycle to your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
BMW Motorrad
Service Quality
BMW Motorrad means not
only quality workmanship and
high reliability, but also an
outstanding quality of service.
To ensure that your BMW is
always in optimum condition,
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you adhere to the regular maintenance schedule for
your motorcycle, preferably
having the work done by your
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer. For generous treatment
of claims submitted after the
warranty period has expired,
evidence of regular maintenance is essential.
Certain signs of wear, moreover, may otherwise not be
noticed until it is too late to
correct them at moderate
cost. The workshop personnel at BMW Motorrad retailers
have thorough knowledge of
your motorcycle and can take
action before minor problems
can turn into major trouble.
By having the necessary repairs done properly and in
good time, you save time and
money in the long run.
With all new BMW motorcycles, the BMW Motorrad Service Card protects you in the
event of a breakdown with
an extensive range of services such as breakdown assistance, motorcycle transportation etc. (differing regulations are possible in individual countries). In the case
of a breakdown, contact the
Mobile Service of BMW Motorrad. Here you will find our
specialists ready to help with
both advice and action.
Important country—specific contact addresses and
the relevant after—sales service organization phone numbers as well as information
on Mobile Service and the re-
tail network can be found in
the "Service Kontakt/Service
Contact" brochures.
BMW Motorrad
Service Network
With its worldwide service
network, BMW Motorrad can
attend to you and your motorcycle in over 100 countries
around the globe. In Germany
alone, there are approximately
200 authorized BMW Motorrad retailers ready to assist
you.
All information on the international retail network is contained in the "Service Contact
Europe" brochure and "Service Contact Africa, America,
Asia, Australia and Oceania".
Maintenance work
Intervals
Some maintenance tasks
must be performed after a
certain time, others depend
on the distance covered by
the motorcycle.
BMW Runningin Check
The BMW running—in check
has to be performed when
the motorcycle has covered
between 300 miles (500 km)
and 750 miles (1,200 km).
BMW Annual Inspection
Some maintenance work
must be carried out at least
once a year. Other tasks
depend on the distance the
motorcycle has covered.
10
115
Service
BMW Motorrad
Service Card - Onthe-spot breakdown
assistance
z
10
Service
116
z
BMW Service
After the first 6,000 miles
(10,000 km) and every
additional 12,000 miles
(20,000 km) (18,000 miles,
30,000 miles, 42,000 miles
etc. (30 000 km, 50 000
km, 70 000 km etc.)) if this
distance is covered within a
year.
BMW Inspection
After the first 12,000 mi/
20,000 km and every additional 12,000 mi/20,000 km
(24,000 mi/40,000 km,
36,000 mi/60,000 km,
48,000 mi/80,000 km etc.), if
this distance is covered within
a year.
Maintenance
schedule
The maintenance schedule for
your motorcycle depends on
the equipment installed, and
on the motorcycle's age and
the distance it has covered.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer will be happy to
supply a copy of the current
maintenance schedule for
your motorcycle on request.
BMW PreDelivery Check
BMW RunningIn Check
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Odometer reading
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
Date, stamp, signature
10
117
Service
Confirmation of maintenance work
z
10
Service
118
z
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
10
119
Service
BMW Service
z
10
Service
120
z
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Annual Inspection
BMW Service
BMW Inspection
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Carried out properly in
accordance with workshop specifications.
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
Brake fluid changed
Date, stamp, signature
10
121
Service
BMW Service
z
10
122
Confirmation of service
The table is intended as proof of maintenance, warranty and repair work, the installed optional
accessories and any special campaign (recall) work carried out.
Service
Work carried out
z
Odometer
reading
Date
Odometer
reading
Date
10
123
Service
Work carried out
z
11
Index
124
z
A
Abbreviations and symbols, 6
ABS, 15
Fuses, 13
Accessories
General instructions, 56
B
Battery
Charging connected
battery, 89
Charging disconnected
battery, 89
Installing, 90
Maintenance instructions, 88
Removing, 89
Technical data, 109
Brake fluid
Checking front brake fluid
level, 66
Checking rear brake fluid
level, 67
front, 13
rear, 13
Brake pads
Check front, 64
Check rear, 65
Running in, 47
Brakes
Checking operation, 63
Safety instructions, 49
Technical data, 107
C
Care, 95
Checklist, 44
Cleaning, 95
Clock
Adjusting, 29
Clutch
Adjusting lever play, 69
Checking lever play, 69
Technical data, 105
Commissioning, 98
Confirmation of maintenance
work, 117
Coolant, 11
Checking level, 67
Topping up, 68
Currentness of this manual, 7
D
Damping, 36
Adjusting on rear wheel, 39
Dimensions
Technical data, 111
E
Electrical system
Technical data, 109
Emergency ON/OFF
switch, 16, 31
Engine
Starting, 44
Technical data, 103
Engine oil, 14
Checking fluid level, 61
Engine oil-pressure warning
indicator, 22
Technical data, 104
Topping up, 63
Equipment, 7
H
Handlebar fittings
General view, left, 15
General view, right, 16
Headlight
Adjusting for RHD/LHD
traffic, 32
Headlight range, 32
Headlight flasher, 15
High-beam headlight, 15, 18
Horn, 15
I
Ignition
Switching off, 28
Switching on, 28
J
Jump-starting, 87
K
Keys, 28
L
Lamps
General instructions, 80
High-beam headlight, 18
Low-beam headlight, 18
Parking lights, 18
Removing headlight, 80
Replacing front turn
indicator bulb, 84
Replacing highbeam bulb, 82
Replacing license plate
light, 86
Replacing low-beam
bulb, 82
Replacing parkinglight bulb, 83
Replacing rear turn indicator
bulb, 84
Technical data, 110
Lights
Headlight flasher, 32
High-beam headlight, 32
Low-beam headlight, 31
Parking lights, 31
Low-beam headlight, 18
M
Maintenance
General instructions, 60
Intervals, 115
11
125
Index
F
Frame
Technical data, 110
Front shock absorber
system, 11, 37
Adjusting rebound, 38
Fuel, 13
Refueling, 48
Reserve-quantity warning
indicator, 22
Technical data, 4, 103
Fuses, 14, 109
ABS, 13
Assignment, 79
Installing, 79
Removing, 78
z
11
Index
126
z
Mirrors
Adjusting, 34
Motorcycle
Care, 95
Cleaning, 95
General view of left side, 11
General view of right
side, 13
Returning to use, 98
Storing, 98
Switching off, 47
Multifunction display
Selecting readings, 28
O
Odometer and tripmeters
Resetting, 29
Onboard socket, 11, 56
Overview of warning indicators, 21, 24
P
Parking lights, 18
Pre-ride check, 45
R
Rear shock absorber
system, 11
Rear suspension preload, 11
Rearwheel drive
Technical data, 106
Refueling, 48
Reserve
Warning indicator, 22
Running gear
Technical data, 106
Running in, 46
S
Safety instructions, 42
Brakes, 49
Correct loading, 42
Seat, 14
Installing, 34
Seat lock, 13
Service, 114
Service Card, 115
Side stand
During starting, 44
Spark plugs
Technical data, 109
Spring preload, 36
Adjusting on rear wheel, 36
Starter, 16
Starting, 44
Steering lock, 28
Storing, 98
Switching off, 47
T
Technical data
Battery, 109
Brakes, 107
Bulbs, 110
Clutch, 105
Dimensions, 111
Electrical system, 109
Engine, 103
Engine oil, 104
Frame, 110
Fuel, 4, 103
Rear-wheel drive, 106
Running gear, 106
Spark plugs, 109
W
Warning indicators
Display, 20
Weights
Technical data, 111
Wheels
Installing front wheel, 74
Installing rear wheel, 77
Removing front wheel, 71
Removing rear wheel, 75
Technical data, 107
11
127
Index
Standards, 7
Transmission, 105
Weights, 111
Wheels and tires, 107
Tires
Air pressure, 4, 108
Checking air pressure, 39
Checking tread depth, 69
Recommended tires, 71
Running in, 47
Technical data, 107
Toolkit, 14
Service set, 60
Standard equipment, 60
Torques, 101
Transmission
During starting, 44
Technical data, 105
Troubleshooting chart, 100
Turn indicators, 15
Operating, 33
z
Reporting
Safety Defects
128
If you believe that your
vehicle has a defect
which could cause a
crash or could cause
injury or death, you
should immediately
inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA)
in addition to notifying
BMW of North America,
LLC.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may
open an investigation,
and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may
order a recall and
remedy campaign.
However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems
between you, your
dealer, or BMW of
North America, LCC.
To contact NHTSA, you
may call the Vehicle
Safety Hotline toll-free at
1–888–327–4236
(TTY: 1–800–424–9153);
go to
http://www.safercar.gov;
or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA,
400 Seventh Street, SW.,
Washington, DC 20590.
You can also obtain other
information about motor
vehicle safety from
http://www.safercar.gov.
Details described or illustrated in this booklet may differ
from the motorcycle's actual
specification as purchased,
the accessories fitted or the
national-market specification.
No claims will be entertained
as a result of such discrepancies.
Dimensions, weights,
fuel consumption and
performance data are quoted
to the customary tolerances.
The right to modify designs,
equipment and accessories is
reserved.
Errors and omissions excepted.
© 2006 BMW Motorrad
Not to be reproduced either
wholly or in part without written permission from BMW
Motorrad, After Sales.
Printed in Germany.
Important data for refueling
Fuel
Recommended fuel type
95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded
Usable fuel quantity
2.6 gal (10 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
2.1 quarts ( 2 l)
Tire pressures
Front tire pressure
26.1 psi (1.8 bar), Single rider,
with cold tire
27.6 psi (1.9 bar), Driver with
passenger and/or load, with
cold tire
Rear tire pressure
29 psi (2 bar), Single rider,
with cold tire
29 psi (2 bar), Driver with passenger and/or load, with cold
tire
BMW recommends
Order No.: 01 47 7 708 197
10.2006, 1st Edition
*01477708197*
*01477708197*
*01477708197*