SGI Ethernet Card User`s guide

SGI® 10-Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express
Network Adapter User’s Guide
007–4983–002
COPYRIGHT
© 2007 SGI. All rights reserved; provided portions may be copyright in third parties, as indicated elsewhere herein. No permission is
granted to copy, distribute, or create derivative works from the contents of this electronic documentation in any manner, in whole or in
part, without the prior written permission of SGI.
LIMITED RIGHTS LEGEND
The software described in this document is "commercial computer software" provided with restricted rights (except as to included
open/free source) as specified in the FAR 52.227-19 and/or the DFAR 227.7202, or successive sections. Use beyond license provisions is
a violation of worldwide intellectual property laws, treaties and conventions. This document is provided with limited rights as defined
in 52.227-14.
TRADEMARKS AND ATTRIBUTIONS
SGI, the SGI cube, and the SGI logo, and Altix, are registered trademarks of SGI in the United States and/or other countries worldwide.
Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in several countries. Myricom
and Myrinet are registered trademarks of Myricom, Inc. UNIX and the X device are registered trademarks of The Open Group in the
United States and other countries. All other trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners.
FCC WARNING
This equipment has been tested and found compliant with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at personal
expense.
VDE 0871/6.78
This equipment has been tested to and is in compliance with the Level A limits per VDE 0871.
EUROPEAN UNION STATEMENT
This device complies with the European Directives listed on the “Declaration of Conformity” which is included with each product. The
CE mark insignia displayed on the device is an indication of conformity to the aforementioned European requirements.
TUV
R
geprufte
Sicherheit
NRTL/C
International Special Committee on Radio Interference (CISPR)
This equipment has been tested to and is in compliance with the Class A limits per CISPR publication 22.
Canadian Department of Communications Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the Radio
Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Attention
Cet appareil numérique n’émet pas de perturbations radioélectriques dépassant les normes applicables aux appareils numériques de
Classe A préscrites dans le Règlement sur les interferences radioélectriques etabli par le Ministère des Communications du Canada.
Japanese Compliance Statement
Compliance Statement in Chinese
New Features in this Guide
This revision includes additional SGI performance tuning recommendations. See
Chapter 4, "Performance Tuning" on page 13.
007–4983–002
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Record of Revision
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Version
Description
001
April 2007
Original publication
002
October 2007
Revision
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Contents
About this Guide
Audience
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Related Publications
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Conventions
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Important Information
Scope of this Guide
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Reader Comments
1. Features and Capabilities
SGI Systems Supported
Key Features
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Configuration Limits
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10-Gbit Ethernet Technology
Cabling
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2. Connecting the Adapter to a Network
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3. Operating the Adapter
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Verifying Functionality
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Using LEDs to Determine Functionality
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Verifying Adapter Recognition
007–4983–002
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Enabling the Adapter
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Contents
Verifying that the Adapter is Properly Configured and Enabled
Resetting the Adapter
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Changing the Configuration
Setting MTU Sizes
Troubleshooting
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Read/Write Size
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Network Buffer Sizes
TCP Time Stamps
Glossary
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007–4983–002
Figures
Figure 2-1
007–4983–002
Fiber Optic Connections
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Tables
Table 1-1
10-Gbit Cable Standards
Table 3-1
Faceplate LEDs
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xiii
About this Guide
This guide describes the SGI 10-Gigabit (Gbit) Ethernet PCI Express network adapter.
It requires one of the following SGI ProPack for Linux releases:
• SGI ProPack 5 Service Pack 1 or later
• SGI ProPack 4 Service Pack 3 or later
You can use the SGI 10-Gbit Ethernet PCI Express network adapter in addition to
your current adapter.
This guide shows you how to connect the adapter to an Ethernet network and
explains how to operate the adapter.
Audience
This guide assumes that you have general knowledge of Ethernet networks and the
system in which the adapter is installed.
Important Information
Warning: Never look into the end of a fiber optic cable to confirm that light is being
emitted (or for any other reason).
Do not use any type of magnifying device, such as a microscope, eye loupe, or
magnifying glass. Such activity causes a permanent burn on the retina of the eye.
Optical signal cannot be determined by looking into the fiber end.
Most fiber optic laser wavelengths (1300 nm and 1550 nm) are invisible to the eye and
cause permanent eye damage. Shorter wavelength lasers (for example, 780 nm) are
visible and can cause significant eye damage.
Use only an optical power meter to verify light output.
007–4983–002
xv
About this Guide
Scope of this Guide
This guide is written to facilitate installation of the adapter and does not cover
detailed points of network configuration. It contains the following chapters:
• Chapter 1, "Features and Capabilities", summarizes features, cabling, configuration
limits, and tools.
• Chapter 2, "Connecting the Adapter to a Network", shows you how to connect the
adapter to your network.
• Chapter 3, "Operating the Adapter", explains how to verify installation of the
adapter and software, how to reset the adapter, and how to set configuration
parameters.
• Chapter 4, "Performance Tuning", discusses performance tuning topics.
Related Publications
This guide is part of a document set that fully supports the installation, operation,
and service of the adapter. For more information about installing and servicing the
adapter, see the user’s guide for the system in which the adapter is installed.
Also see the following:
• Linux Configuration and Operations Guide
• The Network Administrators’ Guide
• The following Myricom webpages:
– Myri-10G 10-Gigabit Ethernet Solutions:
http://www.myri.com/Myri-10G/10gbe_solutions.html
– README - Myricom 10GbE driver for Linux:
http://www.myri.com/scs/READMES/README.myri10ge-linux
– Myri-10G PCI-Express NIC with a 10GBase-R port:
http://www.myri.com/Myri-10G/NIC/10G-PCIE-8A-R.html
xvi
007–4983–002
SGI® 10-Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Network Adapter User’s Guide
• Standard Linux man pages that are useful for any Ethernet device:
ethtool(8)
ifconfig(8)
ip(8)
Obtaining Publications
You can obtain SGI documentation as follows:
• See the SGI Technical Publications Library at http://docs.sgi.com. Various formats
are available. This library contains the most recent and most comprehensive set of
online books, release notes, man pages, and other information.
• You can view release notes on your system by accessing the README.txt file for
the product. This is usually located in the /usr/share/doc/productname
directory, although file locations may vary.
• You can view man pages by typing man title at a command line.
Conventions
The following conventions are used throughout this document:
007–4983–002
Convention
Meaning
command
This fixed-space font denotes literal items such as
commands, files, routines, path names, signals,
messages, and programming language structures.
variable
Italic typeface denotes variable entries and words or
concepts being defined.
user input
This bold, fixed-space font denotes literal items that the
user enters in interactive sessions. (Output is shown in
nonbold, fixed-space font.)
xvii
About this Guide
[]
Brackets enclose optional portions of a command or
directive line.
...
Ellipses indicate that a preceding element can be
repeated.
Product Support
SGI provides a comprehensive product support and maintenance program for its
products:
• If you are in North America, contact the Technical Assistance Center at +1 800 800
4SGI or contact your authorized service provider.
• If you are outside North America, contact the SGI subsidiary or authorized
distributor in your country.
Reader Comments
If you have comments about the technical accuracy, content, or organization of this
publication, contact SGI. Be sure to include the title and document number of the
publication with your comments. (Online, the document number is located in the
front matter of the publication. In printed publications, the document number is
located at the bottom of each page.)
You can contact SGI in any of the following ways:
• Send e-mail to the following address:
techpubs@sgi.com
• Contact your customer service representative and ask that an incident be filed in
the SGI incident tracking system.
• Send mail to the following address:
SGI
Technical Publications
1140 East Arques Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94085–4602
SGI values your comments and will respond to them promptly.
xviii
007–4983–002
Chapter 1
Features and Capabilities
This chapter discusses the following:
• "SGI Systems Supported" on page 1
• "Key Features" on page 1
• "10-Gbit Ethernet Technology" on page 2
• "Cabling" on page 2
• "Configuration Limits" on page 3
• "Tools" on page 3
SGI Systems Supported
The SGI 10-Gigabit (Gbit) Ethernet PCI Express network adapter is supported in the
following systems:
• SGI Altix 4700
• SGI Altix 450
• SGI Altix XE210
• SGI Altix XE240
• SGI Altix XE310
• SGI Altix XE1200
• SGI Altix XE1300
Key Features
The adapter includes the following key features:
• Low-profile PCI Express x8 add-in card.
• 10-Gigabit Ethernet.
007–4983–002
1
1: Features and Capabilities
Note: SGI does not support dual-protocol or 10–Gigabit Myrinet.
• Wire-speed performance.
• Firmware-controlled offload engine. The driver and NIC firmware implement
zero-copy on the send side with all supported operating systems, and, depending
on the operating system, use a variety of stateless offloads, including:
– Interrupt coalescing
– IP and TCP checksum offload, send and receive
– TCP segmentation offload (TSO), also known as large send offload (LSO)
– Receive-side scaling (RSS)
– Large receive offload (LRO)
– Multicast filtering
For additional details, see:
http://www.myri.com/Myri-10G/NIC/10G-PCIE-8A-R.html
10-Gbit Ethernet Technology
The 10-Gbit Ethernet technology is an extension of Gigabit Ethernet (1000-Base-T)
technology that allows over-the-wire speeds of up to 10 Gbits per second (Gbps),
which is theoretically ten times the rate of existing technology.
The 10-Gbit Ethernet technology is targeted at backbone networks and interserver
connectivity. It provides an upgrade path for high-end workstations that require more
bandwidth than Gigabit Ethernet can provide.
Cabling
The adapter has an LC connector and uses a 10GBASE-SR transceiver at 850 nm. It is
connected to the network using a multimode fiber (MMF) 50-micron cable. The cable
(which is not included in the shipment) must have a modal bandwidth in the range
2
007–4983–002
SGI® 10-Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Network Adapter User’s Guide
from 400-MHz * km to 2000-MHz * km, depending on its length, as shown in Table
1-1.
Table 1-1 10-Gbit Cable Standards
Diameter (Microns)
Modal Bandwidth (MHz * km)
Range (Meters)
50
400
2 to 66
50
500
2 to 82
50
2000
2 to 300
Configuration Limits
The number of the 10-Gbit Ethernet PCI Express network adapters supported varies
by system. Consult with your SGI representative to determine the currently
supported maximum for your configuration.
Tools
The following standard Linux commands are useful with any Ethernet device:
• ethtool(8)
• ifconfig(8)
• ip(8)
For more information, see the man page associated with each tool.
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3
Chapter 2
Connecting the Adapter to a Network
To install the SGI 10-Gbit Ethernet PCI Express network adapter, refer to the
instructions for installing a PCI card in the user’s or owner’s guide that came with the
SGI system.
To connect the adapter to a network, do the following:
1. Remove the protective end caps and save them.
!
Caution: 10-Gbit optics are very sensitive. If you plan on leaving them
disconnected for any length of time, you must replace the end caps. The optics on
the SGI 10-Gbit Ethernet PCI Express network adapter cannot be cleaned.
2. Insert the LC connector on one end of the fiber-optic cable into the adapter, as
shown in Figure 2-1 Ensure that the connector is inserted completely into the jack.
Note: If the network connects to an Ethernet switch, consult the operating
manual for the switch to ensure that the switch port is enabled and configured
correctly and has the correct adapter type (10GBASE-SR).
3. Insert the connector on the other end of the fiber-optic cable into the connector on
the Ethernet switch, or another computer system (as appropriate).
Figure 2-1 shows the fiber optic connectors for the card.
007–4983–002
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2: Connecting the Adapter to a Network
Fiber-optic
connector
Figure 2-1 Fiber Optic Connections
For information about configuring the interfaces, see The Network Administrators’ Guide.
6
007–4983–002
Chapter 3
Operating the Adapter
This chapter describes various issues that may occur when using the SGI 10-Gbit
Ethernet PCI Express network adapter in a 10-Gbit Ethernet network. It includes the
following sections:
• "Verifying Functionality" on page 7
• "Resetting the Adapter" on page 10
• "Changing the Configuration" on page 10
• "Setting MTU Sizes" on page 10
• "Troubleshooting" on page 11
Verifying Functionality
This section explains the following:
• "Using LEDs to Determine Functionality" on page 7
• "Verifying Adapter Recognition" on page 8
• "Enabling the Adapter" on page 9
• "Verifying that the Adapter is Properly Configured and Enabled" on page 9
Using LEDs to Determine Functionality
The SGI 10-Gbit Ethernet PCI Express network adapter has light-emitting diodes
(LEDs) that indicate whether the adapter is configured correctly and connected to an
active Ethernet.
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3: Operating the Adapter
Table 3-1 Faceplate LEDs
Label
Color
Meaning
S
Yellow
Controlled by the adapter’s firmware
L
Green
Link connectivity
R
Green
Receive (RX) traffic
T
Green
Transmit (TX) traffic
Verifying Adapter Recognition
To verify that the adapter has been recognized, do the following:
1. Use the /sbin/lspci command to ensure that the device has been recognized.
For example, you might see one of the following:
[root@linux root]# /sbin/lspci |grep -i myricom
Ethernet controller: MYRICOM Inc.: Unknown device 0008
Subsystem: MYRICOM Inc.: Unknown device 0008
[root@linux root]# /sbin/lspci |grep -i myricom
Ethernet controller: MYRICOM Inc. Myri-10G Dual-Protocol NIC (10G-PCIE-8A)
Subsystem: MYRICOM Inc. Myri-10G Dual-Protocol NIC (10G-PCIE-8A)
If lspci shows Unknown device as in the previous examples, you can use the
update-pciids utility to update the pciid database. For more information, see
the update-pciids(8) man page.
Note: If the driver module is not yet loaded, files and commands such as
/proc/net/dev and /sbin/ifconfig will not display the device.
2. If /sbin/lsmod does not show the myri10ge module, use the following
command to load it:
[root@linux root]# /sbin/modprobe myri10ge
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SGI® 10-Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Network Adapter User’s Guide
Enabling the Adapter
To enable the adapter, enter the following:
[root@linux root]# ifconfig IPaddress netmask netmaskvalue broadcast broadcastaddress mtu 1500|9000
For example:
[root@linux root]# ifconfig eth2 10.0.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 10.0.0.255 mtu 9000
Note: Ethernet interfaces are named eth0, eth1, and so on, always with a common
prefix of eth.
For other systems to see the new address, you must enter the new hosts’ addresses in
DNS or in host files or NIS as required for your system.
For details, see the operating-system specific documentation about networking.
Verifying that the Adapter is Properly Configured and Enabled
To verify that the network interface is configured properly and is enabled on, enter
the following on a Linux system:
[root@linux root]# ifconfig ethN
For example, for eth2:
[root@linux root]# ifconfig eth2
eth2
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:60:DD:47:81:24
inet addr:10.0.0.1 Bcast:10.0.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
inet6 addr: fe80::260:ddff:fe47:8124/64 Scope:Link
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:9000 Metric:1
RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:6 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:0 (0.0 b) TX bytes:468 (468.0 b)
Interrupt:65
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3: Operating the Adapter
Resetting the Adapter
In the unlikely event that you need to reset the adapter, enter the following, where N
is the adapter number:
# ifconfig ethN down
# ifconfig ethN up
Changing the Configuration
To change the configuration of your adapter, use the ethtool(8) command. For more
information, see the ethtool(8) man page.
Setting MTU Sizes
The maximum transmission unit (MTU) size is controlled by the mtu mtu_size switch
of the ifconfig command. The most common MTU sizes are 1500 bytes
(standard-size Ethernet frames) and 9000 (jumbo Ethernet frames). The adapter
supports an MTU size of up to 9000 bytes. Configuring the adapter to use jumbo
frames can increase network throughput and reduce CPU load, but only if the
network supports jumbo frames.
By default, the Myri10GE driver configures the Myri-10G NIC with a 9000-byte MTU.
The 10-Gigabit Ethernet switch to which the NICs are connected must support jumbo
frames; otherwise, the NICs must be configured with a 1500-byte MTU.
To configure the MTU size, follow these steps:
1. To display information about the network adapters currently installed in the
system, enter the following command:
[root@linux root]# netstat -i
For example:
[root@linux root]# netstat -i
Kernel Interface table
Iface
MTU Met
RX-OK RX-ERR RX-DRP RX-OVR
TX-OK TX-ERR TX-DRP TX-OVR Flg
... other interfaces removed from output
eth2
9000
053042986
0
0
073338167
0
0
0 BMRU
10
007–4983–002
SGI® 10-Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Network Adapter User’s Guide
2. To change the MTU size of the 10-Gbit Ethernet adapter, enter the following,
where N is the number of the adapter:
[root@linux root]# ifconfig ethN mtu mtu_size
For example:
[root@linux root]# ifconfig eth2 mtu 1500
3. To verify that the MTU size has been changed, enter the following:
[root@linux root]# netstat -i
For example:
[root@linux root]# netstat -i
Kernel Interface table
Iface
MTU Met
RX-OK RX-ERR RX-DRP RX-OVR
TX-OK TX-ERR TX-DRP TX-OVR Flg
... other interfaces removed from output
eth2
1500
053042986
0
0
073338167
0
0
0 BMRU
Troubleshooting
For information about troubleshooting, see:
http://www.myri.com/scs/READMES/README.myri10ge-linux
007–4983–002
11
Chapter 4
Performance Tuning
The default settings have been carefully chosen to maximize throughput for the SGI
10-Gigabit (Gbit) Ethernet PCI Express network adapter so that no further tuning is
required. However, if you wish to experiment with the settings found on Myricom’s
web site at http://www.myri.com/serve/cache/511.html, it is important that you
follow the information in this chapter.
This chapter discusses the following:
• "Jumbo Frames" on page 13
• "Read/Write Size" on page 13
• "Network Buffer Sizes" on page 13
• "TCP Time Stamps" on page 14
Jumbo Frames
Using a large maximum transmission unit (MTU) is necessary for the best 10–Gbit
Ethernet performance. Generally, the bigger the MTU, the better. The driver supports
MTUs as large as 9000 bytes.
Read/Write Size
Applications should read large buffers from and write large buffers to the network for
the best throughput and to reduce CPU utilization.
For example, an application that uses recv(2) calls with 32–KB buffers will generally
have better throughput than if the application were to use twice as many recv calls
with 16-KB buffers.
Network Buffer Sizes
Normally, larger network buffers are called for with 10-Gbit Ethernet than when
lower-bandwidth network interface cards are used. The following network buffer
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4: Performance Tuning
sizes were chosen to be compatible with those recommended by the card
manufacturer and required by SGI’s software. To set the network buffer sizes:
1. Add or change the following entries in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
net.core.rmem_default = 524287
net.core.rmem_max = 524287
net.core.wmem_default = 524287
net.core.wmem_max = 524287
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 10000000 10000000 16777216
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 10000000 10000000 16777216
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 10000000 10000000 16777216
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 300000
net.core.optmem_max = 524287
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
2. Make the sizes take effect:
[root@linux root]# sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.conf
TCP Time Stamps
TCP time stamps are turned on by default to greatly reduce the chance of data
corruption at high throughput rates. Therefore, SGI strongly recommends their use.
14
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Glossary
Ethernet
A communication network used to connect computers.
gigabit (Gbit)
A communication rate of 10^9 bits per second.
host
Any system connected to the network.
hostname
The name that uniquely identifies each host (system) on the network.
IP address
A number that uniquely identifies each host (system) on a TCP/IP network.
LED
Light-emitting diode, a light on a piece of hardware that indicates status or error
conditions.
MAC
Medium access control, also called the physical layer.
MAC address
The physical address of the SGI 10-Gbit Ethernet Network adapter, which is distinct
from the IP address.
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit is a configuration parameter that controls the size of the
Ethernet frames that the SGI 10-Gigabit Ethernet network adapter can transmit and
receive.
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Glossary
man (manual) page
An online document that describes how to use a particular command. Also called
reference page.
multiclient configuration
A TCP/IP configuration in which the system is connected via 10-Gbit Ethernet to a
switch that fans out to multiple clients via 1-Gbit Ethernet.
NIS
Network Information Service is a distributed database mechanism for user accounts,
host names, mail aliases, and so on.
PCI Express
Peripheral Component Interconnect Express is a high-performance I/O interconnect.
Traditional PCI attributes are maintained from a usage model, but the parallel PCI
bus interconnect is replaced by a highly scalable serial interface.
reference page
See man (manual) page.
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol is a standard networking protocol
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007–4983–002
Index
10GBASE-SR, 5
1000-Base-SX, 3
I
ifconfig, 3, 9–11
installation, 5
ip, 3
A
adapter enabling, 9
adapter resetting, 10
Altix systems, 1
Altix XE systems, 1
C
cabling, 2
configuration changes, 10
configuration limits, 3
connector, 2, 6
J
jumbo Ethernet frames, 10
jumbo frames
MTU sizes supported, 10
tuning, 13
L
LC connector, 2, 5
LEDs, 7
lspci, 8
E
enabling the adapter, 9
end caps, 5
ethtool, 3, 10
F
features and capabilities, 1
fibre optic connections, 6
fibre type, 3
frames, 10
functionality verification, 7
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M
MMR, 3
modal bandwidth requirements, 3
MTU sizes, 10
Myri10GE driver, 10
N
netstat, 10
network buffer sizes, 14
network connection, 5
17
Index
O
standard-size Ethernet frames, 10
supported systems, 1
operating, 7
T
P
performance tuning, 13
ports, 3
/proc/net/dev, 8
TCP time stamps, 14
tools, 3
transmit (TX) traffic, 8
troubleshooting, 11
troubleshooting with LEDs, 7
tuning, 13
R
read/write size, 13
receive (RX) traffic, 8
recv calls, 13
resetting the adapter, 10
S
/sbin/ifconfig, 8
/sbin/lsmod, 8
18
U
unknown device, 8
update-pciids, 8
V
verifying functionality, 7
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