Agilent Technologies 54645D Specifications

Agilent 54645D MSO Tutorial
Excerpts from Agilent 54645D Mixed-Signal Oscilloscope
Chapter 2: Front-Panel Overview
• To use digital channels to view a signal
• To display signals automatically using Autoscale
• To apply the default factory configuration
• To adjust oscilloscope vertical scaling
• To turn analog channels on and off
• To rearrange the analog channels
• To turn digital channels on and off (Agilent 54645D)
• To rearrange digital channels (Agilent 54645D)
• To operate the time base controls
• To start and stop an acquisition
• To make cursor measurements
Chapter 3: Triggering Agilent 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
• Trigger types
• To define a pattern trigger
• To use glitch triggering
• To define an advanced pattern trigger
© Agilent Technologies 1996-1997
All rights Reserved
Front-Panel Overview
To use digital channels to view a signal
To use digital channels to view a signal
• To configure the instrument quickly, press Autoscale .
• To undo the effects of autoscale, press Setup , then press Undo
Autoscale.
• To set the instrument to the factory-default measurement
configuration, press Setup , then press Default Setup.
Example
Install grabbers on channels D0 and D1. Connect the probes for digital
channels D0 and D1 to the calibrator output on the front panel of the
instrument. Be sure to connect the ground lead. Set the instrument to
the factory default configuration by pressing Setup , then Default
Setup. Then press Autoscale . You should see a display similar to the
following.
Figure 2-4
HP 54645D Sample Autoscale Measurement
2-18
Front-Panel Overview
To display signals automatically using Autoscale
To display signals automatically using Autoscale
• To configure the instrument quickly, press
Autoscale
.
Autoscale displays all connected signals that have activity.
• To undo the effects of autoscale, press
Setup
, then press Undo
Autoscale.
How Autoscale Works
If there is at least one oscilloscope or digital channel with an active signal, the
instrument turns off all other channels having no activity, and turns on all
channels having activity.
A scope channel is active if it is at least 10 mVp-p. Autoscale finds dc
(> 50 mV) on the HP 54645A/D scope channels. The scope channels that are
on are scaled vertically to best fit the screen.
For testing for digital channel activity, TTL, ECL, and variable thresholds are
used (in that order). Digital channels not previously displayed will be added
below those channels already displayed, with the lowest-numbered channel
at the top. Higher-numbered channels will be displayed in order down the
display.
The instrument checks for activity using a time window of 20 ms, allowing it
to recognize signals as slow as 50 Hz for autoscaling. If the instrument does
not find any channel with an active signal, it restores the setup to the
pre-autoscale state.
2-19
Front-Panel Overview
To apply the default factory configuration
During Autoscale, the delay is set to 0.0 seconds, the Time/Div setting is a
function of the input signal (about 2 periods of the triggered signal on the
screen), and the triggering mode is set to edge. The instrument stays in
Normal or Peak Detect display mode, depending on what was selected when
Autoscale was performed. Vectors remain in the state they were before the
Autoscale.
Autoscale sets the trigger to a rising edge on a channel, checking the
channels in this priority: A2, A1, D15...D0.
Undo Autoscale
The Undo Autoscale function returns the instrument to the setup that
existed prior to Autoscale being activated.
To apply the default factory configuration
• To set the instrument to the default factory measurement
configuration, press Setup , then press Default Setup.
The default configuration returns the instrument to the factory settings.
Refer to chapter 4, “MegaZoom Concepts and Oscilloscope Operation,”
for specific details.
2-20
Front-Panel Overview
To adjust oscilloscope vertical scaling
To adjust oscilloscope vertical scaling
This exercise guides you through the vertical keys, knobs, and status line.
1 Center the signal on the display using the Position knob.
The Position knob moves the signal vertically; the signal is calibrated. Notice
that as you turn the Position knob, a voltage value is displayed for a short
time, indicating how far the ground reference is located from the center of
the screen. Also notice that the ground symbol moves with the Position knob.
Measurement Hints
If the channel is DC coupled, you can quickly measure the DC component of the
signal by simply noting its distance from the ground symbol. If the channel is AC
coupled, the DC component of the signal is removed, allowing you to use greater
sensitivity to display the AC component of the signal.
2 Change the vertical setup and notice that each change affects the
status line differently. You can quickly determine the vertical setup
from the status line in the display.
• Change the vertical sensitivity with the Volts/Div knob and notice
that it causes the status line to change.
• Press
1
(for HP 54645A) or
A1
(for HP 54645D).
A softkey menu appears on the display, and the channel turns on
(or remains on if it was already turned on).
2-21
Front-Panel Overview
To adjust oscilloscope vertical scaling
• Toggle each softkey and notice which keys cause the status line to change.
Channels 1 and 2 have a vernier softkey that allows the Volts/Div
knob to change the vertical step size in smaller increments. These
smaller increments are calibrated, which result in accurate
measurements, even with the vernier turned on.
• To turn the channel off, either press
(for HP 54645A) or
(for HP 54645D) a second time or press the left-most softkey.
1
A1
Invert Operating Hint
Inversion affects how a channel is displayed, but it does not affect triggering.
The trigger does not see the inversion, and thus is not affected. If the trigger is
set to a rising edge, it remains rising after inversion.
Bandwidth Limit
The displayed bandwidth limit of the selected channel is 20 MHz, and is
available for channels 1 and 2.
2-22
Front-Panel Overview
To adjust oscilloscope vertical scaling
To Expand the Vertical Signal
When changing the Volts/Div for analog channels, you can have the signal
expand (or compress) about the signal offset or the ground point. This works
well with two signals displayed, because you can position and see them both
on the screen while you change the amplitude.
• To expand the signal about the offset, press
Print/Utility
.
Then select System Config and Expand Vertical Center.
When you increase the Volts/Div to expand the signal about center, the top of
the waveform stays at the same level, while the bottom of the waveform
adjusts to fill the Volts/Div setting.
• To expand the signal about ground, press
Print/Utility
.
Then select System Config and Expand Vertical Ground.
When you increase the Volts/Div to expand the signal about ground, the
bottom of the waveform stays at the same level, while the top of the
waveform adjusts to fill the Volts/Div setting.
Oscilloscope Probes
The HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes have automatic probe sensing. If you are
using the probes supplied with the oscilloscope, or other probes with probe
sensing, the probe attenuation factor will be automatically set up by the
oscilloscope when automatic probe sensing is turned on. The default setting
is to have automatic probe sensing turned on. This is indicated by the
selection Auto n under the Probe softkey, where n is 1, 10, or 100.
If you are not using automatic probe sensing, toggle the Probe softkey to
change the attenuation factor to match the probe you are using.
2-23
Front-Panel Overview
To turn analog channels on and off
To turn analog channels on and off
• To turn off analog channel #1, press
1 (on the HP 54645A),
or A1 (on the HP 54645D), then press the leftmost softkey
until Off is highlighted.
• To turn off analog channel #2, press 2 (on the HP 54645A),
or A2 (on the HP 54645D), then press the leftmost softkey
until Off is highlighted.
If you are already accessing the channel menu, you can press the On/Off key
or the channel key (1 or 2 for HP 54645A; A1 or A2 for HP 54645D) to toggle
a particular channel on or off.
To rearrange the analog channels
• Rotate the channel 1 or 2 Position knob to choose a new location for
the analog channel.
Turning the Position knob counter-clockwise moves the channel down;
turning the knob clockwise moves the channel up.
2-24
Front-Panel Overview
To turn digital channels on and off (HP 54645D)
To turn digital channels on and off (HP 54645D)
• To turn digital channels 0 through 7 on, press
D0-D15 , then
press the D0 - D7 On softkey. To turn these channels off, press the
Off softkey.
• To turn digital channels 8 through 15 on, press
D0-D15 , then
press the D8 - D15 On softkey. To turn these channels off, press
the Off softkey.
• To turn on an individual channel, press D0-D15 . Rotate the
Select knob until the channel is selected. Then, press On or
press D0-D15 again to turn on the channel.
You can assign labels to channels that are off, or use them in a trigger
specification.
The two analog channels are always acquired, so you can turn them on and
look at them even if they were off during the acquisition. The combination of
events and displayed channels are:
Running—Before Acquisition
After Stopping Acquisition
D0-D7
D8-D15
D0-D7
D8-D15
Off
Off
Can be viewed
Cannot be viewed
Off
Any On
Cannot be viewed
Can all be viewed
Any On
Off
Can all be viewed
Cannot be viewed
Any On
Any On
Can all be viewed
Can all be viewed
2-25
Front-Panel Overview
To rearrange the digital channels (HP 54645D)
To rearrange the digital channels (HP 54645D)
1 Turn the Select knob to choose the digital channel you want to move.
Only channels that are currently on may be moved.
2 Turn the Position knob to move the selected channel to a new
position.
Turning the Position knob counter-clockwise moves the channel down;
turning the knob clockwise moves the channel up.
The combination of the Select and Move knobs gives you a feature similar to
that of a waveform position control on an oscilloscope, except that you can
only move the waveform to certain discrete locations.
3 To change the general order in which channels are displayed,
press D0-D15 . Then press the Off/On softkey or the Reorder D15-D0
softkey.
When Reorder D15-D0 is pressed, the digital channels are displayed in
descending order, and the Reorder softkey is relabeled D0-D15. When the
D0-D15 softkey is pressed, the digital channels are displayed in ascending
order, and the Reorder softkey is relabeled D15-D0.
Figure 2-5
Channel activity
indicators appear
temporarily when
you access the
D0-D15 menu,
pattern menu, and
advanced pattern
menu.
HP 54645D Digital Channels in Order
2-26
Front-Panel Overview
To operate the time base controls
To operate the time base controls
The following exercise guides you through the time base keys, knobs, and
status line.
• Turn the Time/Div knob and notice the change it makes to the status
line.
The Time/Div knob changes the sweep speed from 2 ns to 50 s (HP 54645A)
and from 5 ns to 50 s (HP 54645D) in a 1-2-5 step sequence, and the value is
displayed in the status line.
• You can access the horizontal Vernier softkey by pressing the
Main/Delayed
key.
The Vernier softkey allows you to change the sweep speed in smaller
increments with the Time/Div knob. These smaller increments are
calibrated, which result in accurate measurements, even with the
vernier turned on.
• You can check the sample rate by pressing the
Main/Delayed
key
when the instrument is running, during a single run, or when the
instrument is stopped. The sample rate is also displayed when the
acquisition stops or ends.
• Turn the Delay knob and notice that its value is displayed in the status line.
The Delay knob moves the main sweep horizontally, and it pauses at
0.00 s, mimicking a mechanical detent. At the top and bottom of the
graticule is a solid triangle ( ▼ ) symbol and an open triangle ( ∇ )
symbol. The ▼ symbol indicates the trigger point and it moves with
the Delay knob. The ∇ symbol indicates the time reference point. If
the time reference softkey is set to left, the ∇ is located one graticule
in from the left side of the display. If the time reference softkey is set
to center, the ∇ is located at the center of the display. The delay
number tells you how far the reference point ∇ is located from the
trigger point ▼.
2-27
Front-Panel Overview
To start and stop an acquisition
All events displayed left of the trigger point ▼ happened before the trigger
occurred, and these events are called pre-trigger information. You will find
this feature very useful because you can now see the events that led up to the
trigger point. Everything to the right of the trigger point ▼ is called
post-trigger information. The amount of delay range (pre-trigger and
post-trigger information) available depends on the sweep speed selected.
To start and stop an acquisition
• To begin an acquisition, press the Run/Stop key.
• To begin a single acquisition, press the Single key.
The instrument begins acquiring data while searching for a trigger condition.
The RUN indicator is shown in the upper-right corner of the display. If a
trigger occurs, the acquired data is shown in the display.
• To stop an acquisition in process, press the
Run/Stop
key.
The instrument stops acquiring data, and the STOP indicator is shown in the
upper-right corner of the display. If the instrument was triggered (even by
auto triggering) and the pre-trigger and post-trigger buffers are full, the
results are displayed on the screen. If the buffers are not full, the waveform
display area will show nothing.
2-28
Front-Panel Overview
To use the Entry and Select knobs
To use the Entry and Select knobs
The Select knob (HP 54645D only) always changes the selected channel. In
most menus, its order is screen-oriented. In the simple pattern and advanced
pattern definition menus, it moves from the lowest to highest number on
clockwise rotation.
The Entry knob increments and decrements the selected field—for example,
glitch time and setup memory number. It also moves the selected cursor
when cursors are on. In menus where it doesn’t need to do these things (for
example, there is no field to increment or decrement, or cursors are turned
off), it adjusts the selected channel increment/decrement in a non-screen but
numerical order.
The Entry knob also occasionally duplicates the function of the Select knob.
Use the Entry knob to select channels, set trigger durations (ranges), and
select labels (HP 54645D only).
2-29
Front-Panel Overview
To make cursor measurements
To make cursor measurements
The following steps guide you through the front-panel Cursors key. You can
use the cursors to make custom voltage or time measurements on scope
signals, and timing measurements on digital channels.
1 Connect a signal to the oscilloscope and obtain a stable display.
2 Press Cursors . View the cursor functions in the softkey menu:
Source selects a channel for the voltage cursor measurements
(1 and 2 for HP 54645A and A1 and A2 for HP 54645D). If a
Measurement/Storage module is installed in the oscilloscope, and
Function 2 is set to FFT and is turned on, you can select f1 or f2 for
the source.
Active Cursor includes voltage cursors V1 and V2, and time cursors t1
and t2. Pressing the voltage cursors alternates between V1 or V2, or
both V1 and V2. Pressing the time cursors alternates between t1 or t2,
or both t1 and t2. When both voltage cursors or both time cursors are
highlighted, they are selected, and they will move together on the
screen.
Voltage cursors do not apply to the HP 54645D digital channels.
If a Measurement/Storage module is installed in the oscilloscope, and
you select F2 as the source with F2 set to FFT, the active cursors
include f1 and f2. Use the Entry knob to change the active cursor.
Clear Cursors erases the cursor readings and removes the cursors from
the display.
2-30
Front-Panel Overview
To make cursor measurements
On HP 54645D, the Readout softkey gives a reading of the time or
voltage cursor measurement.
• For the time cursor readout, you can select Time, Hex, Binary, or
Degrees. Binary displays all digital channels by channel number. Hex
shows only the displayed channels, with the top channel displayed as
the most significant bit. When Active Cursor is t1/t2, the Readout Time
softkey sets the display to show the cursor positions in seconds, and the
Readout Degrees softkey shows the cursor positions in relative number
of degrees.
• For the voltage cursor readout, you can select Volts or %. When Active
Cursor is V1/V2, the Readout Volts % softkey sets the display to show the
cursor positions in volts when Volts is highlighted, and as a percentage
when % is highlighted.
You can expand the display with delayed sweep, then characterize the event
of interest with the cursors.
Pressing the Active Cursor softkey until both time cursors or both voltage
cursors are highlighted allows you to move them together when rotating the
Entry knob. You can move the cursors together to check for pulse width
variations in a pulse train.
2-31
Front-Panel Overview
To use delayed sweep
To use delayed sweep
Delayed sweep is a magnified portion of the main sweep. You can use
delayed sweep to locate and horizontally expand part of the main sweep for a
more detailed (high-resolution) analysis of signals.
The following steps show you how to use delayed sweep. Notice that the
steps are very similar to operating the delayed sweep in analog oscilloscopes.
1 Connect a signal to the oscilloscope and obtain a stable display.
2 Press Main/Delayed .
3 Press the Delayed softkey.
The screen divides in half. The top half displays the main sweep, and the
bottom half displays an expanded portion of the main sweep. This expanded
portion of the main sweep is called the delayed sweep. Since both the main
and delayed sweeps are displayed, there are half as many vertical divisions so
the vertical scaling is doubled. Notice the changes in the status line. The top
half also has two solid vertical lines called markers. These markers show
what portion of the main sweep is expanded in the lower half. The size and
position of the delayed sweep are controlled by the Time/Div and Delay
knobs. The Time/Div next to the
symbol is the delayed sweep sec/div.
The delay value is displayed temporarily at the bottom of the display.
• To display the delay value of the delayed time base temporarily at the
bottom of the screen, press
Main/Delayed
.
• To change the delay for the delayed sweep window, turn the Delay knob.
• To change the Time/Div for the delayed sweep window, turn the Time/Div
knob.
• To change the Time/Div for the main sweep window, select the main
sweep mode. Then turn the Time/Div knob.
2-32
Front-Panel Overview
To modify the graticule
To modify the graticule
1 Press Display .
2 Press one of the Grid softkeys to define the graticule used for the
waveform area on the display.
• Frame has a set of hash marks along the top and bottom of the display only.
Major divisions are indicated by longer hash marks.
• Full has a set of hash marks through the center of the waveform display
area, with major divisions indicated by a full-height dotted line through the
waveform display.
• None has only a border around the waveform display area.
Each major division in the graticule corresponds to the time given by the
Time/Div setting shown to the right of the delay value on the display.
2-33
Front-Panel Overview
To print the display
To print the display
You can print the waveform display and status line to an HP printer or
Epson-compatible printer attached to one of these optional interface
modules:
HP 54650A HP-IB Interface Module
HP 54652A Parallel Interface Module
HP 54652B RS-232/Parallel Interface Module
HP 54657A Measurement/Storage Module (HP-IB)
HP 54659B Measurement/Storage Module (RS-232/Parallel)
1 If you have one of these modules installed, configure the module
first. If necessary, refer to documentation supplied with the module.
2 Press Print/Utility .
3 Press Print Screen.
The current display is copied to the attached printer. You can stop printing
by pressing the Cancel Print softkey.
See the documentation for the interface module for information on installing
and configuring module interface parameters.
2-34
Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
Trigger types
Trigger types
These trigger types are available:
• Edge trigger
• Pattern trigger
• Advanced trigger
Changes to the trigger specification are applied when you make them. If the
oscilloscope is stopped when you change a trigger specification, the scope
will use the new specification when you press Run/Stop, Single, or Autostore.
If the oscilloscope is running when you change a triggering specification, it
uses the new trigger definition when it starts the next acquisition. You select
the trigger type by pressing the key associated with the desired trigger type.
Edge Trigger
In edge trigger, you define a single rising or falling edge that must be
recognized on any input channel to satisfy the trigger condition.
Edge trigger is best when there is a unique waveform edge that defines the
events you want to capture. For example, a pulse that defines the beginning
of a pulse train on another channel will often make a good edge trigger.
Edge triggering is the simplest trigger mode, and the easiest to use. However,
its simplicity can lead to situations where more triggering power is needed.
Often the device under test needs more than a single rising or falling edge to
locate a specific point in its operation.
3-12
Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
Trigger types
Glitch Trigger
The advanced glitch trigger menu lets you select the analog (A1 or A2) or
digital (D0-D15) channel on which to capture a glitch event. You specify the
polarity and duration qualifier—either less than (<), greater than (>), or a
range—for the glitch. The HP 54645D can capture glitches >8 nanoseconds
and <100 seconds.
Pattern Trigger
In pattern trigger, you define a pattern of highs, lows, and don’t care levels
that must be recognized across the input channels. The pattern may be
combined with one edge on any one input channel to form the complete
trigger specification.
A Pattern trigger is best when there is a unique pattern that occurs across a
group of signals, and the pattern defines the events you want to capture. For
example, suppose you have a state machine that outputs a series of hex
digits, and only outputs the digit “A” once in every sequence. You can use a
pattern trigger to capture this event, perhaps qualified with the state
machine clock.
Pattern trigger is less useful when the same pattern occurs many times, and
most of those occurrences have little to do with the events you want to
capture. For example, suppose that this same state machine generates
hundreds of states, and the state “C” occurs several times in the sequence,
with a different sequence of states after each occurrence. A pattern trigger
will not provide a stable waveform display.
The pattern trigger occurs when the pattern is entered; that is, the trigger
condition is satisfied as soon as the input waveforms have transitioned from a
condition not matching the pattern to a condition matching the pattern. You
can use an edge to further qualify the trigger condition. For example, you
may want the oscilloscope to trigger when a certain pattern is present and a
clock edge occurs.
The trigger pattern can include high and low values on the oscilloscope A1
and A2 channels. You control the trigger level with the Analog Level knob.
Logical Combination within Terms
In the pattern trigger, all settings within the pattern are logically ANDed; that
is, all conditions on the pattern, and the edge if specified, must be satisfied
before the oscilloscope will trigger.
3-13
Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
Trigger types
Specifying a Logic Threshold
You can specify a threshold for the logic channels. See “To change the logic
threshold for input signals” in chapter 4 for information about setting a
threshold on the HP 54645D.
Advanced Pattern Trigger
In advanced pattern trigger, you define a maximum of two pattern and
edge sources that are combined with a variety of operators to form the
complete trigger specification.
Advanced pattern trigger is best when the events you want to capture are
defined by a series of waveform events in the system, and neither pattern
mode nor edge mode are capable of clearly resolving the necessary sequence.
For example, suppose the events you want to capture are defined by a
pattern with a certain minimum duration, or by a pattern followed by another
pattern. Advanced pattern trigger gives you this and more.
Figure 3-4
HP 54645D Advanced Pattern Triggering Overview Menu
3-14
Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
Trigger types
Sharing of Sources
The source definitions for the simple pattern trigger are shared with the
Pattern 1 and Edge 1 sources of the advanced pattern trigger specification.
Thus, changes to the simple pattern trigger will affect that specification, and
changes to Pattern 1 and Edge 1 in the advanced pattern trigger specification
will affect the simple pattern trigger.
Logical Combinations
In advanced trigger, settings within pattern terms are logically ANDed. Settings
within the second edge term are logically ORed with the first edge term. Thus,
only one of those edge specifications must be satisfied to satisfy the edge term.
TV Trigger
The TV trigger only operates on the analog channels. The TV trigger can be
set to trigger on the vertical interval, Field 1, Field 2, or Line. In Line mode,
the oscilloscope will trigger on the start of the first line that occurs after the
scope starts.
The advanced TV trigger requires two vertical divisions of display amplitude.
On HP 54645D, you must specify either analog channel (A1 or A2) as the
trigger source. You specify the polarity—either positive or negative sync
pulses—and the TV mode. The Field 1 TV mode triggers on the field 1
portion of the video signal, Field 2 triggers on the field 2 portion of the video
signal, and Line triggers on all the TV line sync pulses.
On HP 54645D, pressing Field 1 and Field 2 simultaneously gives vertical
triggering.
You can select the high-frequency reject in the Mode/Coupling menu to
control a 500-kHz, low-pass filter in the trigger path.
3-15
Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
To define an edge trigger
To define an edge trigger
1 Press Edge .
2 Select a channel as the trigger source using either the Select knob or
by pressing a Trigger Source softkey.
You can choose a channel that is turned off as the source for the edge
trigger.
3 Press one of the Edge softkeys to choose whether the trigger will
occur on the rising or falling edge.
Rotating the Select Knob does not Affect Trigger Channel
When selecting a digital channel as the source, after you have set the edge
trigger condition, and selected another menu, continuously rotating the Select
knob will not affect the channel used for the trigger condition. The trigger edge
is not changed until you select a slope. This frees up the Select knob for other
operations, such as measurements.
To use line triggering
This power line edge triggering, when selected, overrides any other settings.
Do not confuse the power line triggering with TV line triggering.
1 Press Edge . Then select Line.
2 Select the rising or falling edge softkey.
3-16
Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
To define a pattern trigger
To define a pattern trigger
1 Press Pattern .
2 For each analog channel (A1 or A2) or digital channel (D0-D15) you
want to include in the desired pattern, press the Source softkey to
select the channel, or rotate the Entry knob or the Select knob.
3 Then, press one of these softkeys to set the condition the
oscilloscope will recognize as part of the pattern for that channel:
•
•
•
•
L for a logic low
H for a logic high
X to ignore this channel
Rising or falling edge
Specifying an Edge in a Pattern
You are allowed to specify only one rising or falling edge term in the pattern. If
you define an edge term, then select a different channel in the pattern and
define another edge term, the previous edge definition is changed to a don’t
care.
Source Definitions for Simple Pattern Trigger Affect Advanced Trigger
The source definitions for the simple pattern trigger are shared with the
Pattern 1 and Edge 1 source definitions of the advanced pattern trigger
specification. Thus, changes to the simple pattern trigger will affect that
specification, and changes to Pattern 1 and Edge 1 in the advanced trigger
specification will affect the regular pattern trigger. Defining patterns for the two
trigger types differs. See “To define an advanced pattern trigger.”
3-17
Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
To use glitch triggering
To use glitch triggering
1 Press
Advancd
. Then select Glitch.
2 Select Glitch Menu.
3 Select the analog channel (A1 or A2) or digital channel (D0-D15)
source for the trigger by pressing the Source softkey until the desired
source is highlighted.
4 Select positive or negative polarity for the glitch to capture.
5 Select the time qualifier (<, less than a specified width; >, greater
than a specified width; or ><, within minimum and maximum limits)
for the glitch, and rotate the Entry knob or press the softkey to
increase the duration time.
3-18
Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
To define an advanced pattern trigger
To define an advanced pattern trigger
The advanced triggering operation depends on previous selections in the
Advanced Trigger menu.
1 Press Advancd . Then select Pattern.
2 Press the Overview softkey to turn on the trigger overview, if desired.
The trigger overview display shows all the choices available in this menu.
3 Select Pattern Menu.
4 Choose the trigger operator by pressing the Operator softkey until the
desired operator is shown.
The following table lists the trigger operators and the sources with which
they can be used. The sources you specify later in this procedure can limit
your choice of trigger operators, and your choice of trigger operators can
limit which sources are available. For example, the operator “Exited” applies
only to Pattern 1, Not Pattern 1, Pattern 2, and Not Pattern 2 individually,
but not to all of them at once.
Table 3-1
Trigger Operators and Sources
Operator
# of Sources
Valid Sources
Duration
(> time, < time,
Range)
One
Pat 1, Not = Pat 1
Pat 2, Not = Pat 2
Entered, Exited
One
Pat 1, Not = Pat 1
Pat 2, Not = Pat 2
AND, OR, Then
Two
Pat 1, Not = Pat 1
Pat 2, Not = Pat 2
Edge 1, Edge 2
Pat 1 & Edge 1
Pat 2 & Edge 2
3-19
Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
To define an advanced pattern trigger
5 Select the source(s) for the trigger operator by pressing the leftmost
Source softkey until the desired source is highlighted.
Refer to the table of trigger operators and sources to see the sources and
operators with which they can be used.
The oscilloscope will allow you to choose combinations of sources that are
redundant, such as “Pattern 1 AND Pattern 1”, or combinations that will
create a null trigger condition, such as “Pattern 1 AND Not Pattern 1”.
6 Define the source pattern(s) by pressing the Source Define softkey.
If you combined patterns and edges in the same source term, you must
separately select each as the source, set up the source, then select the
combined pattern and edge again.
7 Set the parameters for the trigger operator, if necessary.
For the Duration operators (> time, < time, range), press/hold the duration
value softkey or rotate the Entry knob to set the duration.
Duration > time
When this operator is selected, you have two choices for trigger:
Trigger At: Timout (default) – trigger when > time criteria is met after you enter
the pattern. This is useful for conditions where the pattern occurs and you want
to see the waveform, but no edge follows immediately.
Trigger At: Pat Exit – trigger when you exit the pattern.
8 To set up an edge trigger source, do the following:
a Select a channel for the source.
• To choose whether the trigger will occur on the rising or falling edge,
press one of the Edge Select softkeys.
• To set a channel to a don’t care trigger state, press the X softkey.
• To clear all edge settings, press the Clear Edge(s) softkey.
In Edge1, you can select only one edge. You may select multiple edges
in Edge2; those edges are logically ORed.
b Repeat step a for all channel sources you want to define.
c Press Previous Menu to return to the Advanced Pattern Trigger menu.
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Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
To define an advanced pattern trigger
9 To set up a pattern trigger source, do the following:
a Select a channel for the source.
• To set the condition for that channel, press the L, H, or X softkey.
• To clear the conditions for all channels, press Clear Pattern.
b Repeat step a for all channel sources you want to define.
c Press Previous Menu to return to the Advanced Pattern Trigger menu.
Entered and Exited
In the table of trigger operators and sources:
• Entered means that the trigger qualifier is satisfied as soon as the input
waveforms have transitioned from a state not matching the pattern to a
state matching that pattern. In an edge term, or a pattern and edge term,
the edge transition is where "entered" is defined.
• Exited means that the trigger qualifier is satisfied when the input
waveforms transition out of a state matching the pattern to a state not
matching the pattern.
Advanced pattern trigger can help you solve difficult data acquisition
problems. When setting up an advanced trigger, remember:
• Follow the setup rules.
• Have a clear picture of the event sequence you are trying to capture, and
understand how the advanced trigger capabilities relate to those events.
The MegaZoom technology’s deep memory and pan and zoom capabilities
greatly simplify this.
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Triggering HP 54645A/D Oscilloscopes
To define an advanced pattern trigger
Setup rules
Remembering the following rules will make it easier to work with the
advanced triggering capabilities:
• Duration operators are valid when only pattern terms are involved.
Duration is not selectable when any edge term is selected as a source.
• When you have selected a combination source, like Pattern 1 AND Edge 1,
you cannot directly define the pattern or edge. You must instead select
Pattern 1 as the source, define the pattern, then select Edge 1 as the
source and define the edge. The softkeys change to reflect this.
Understand and relate waveform events to oscilloscope capabilities
The key to setting up a useful waveform display is choosing a known
sequence of waveform events to which you can apply the advanced trigger
capabilities. The HP MegaZoom technology greatly simplifies this task. You
simply press Stop, then pan and zoom through the waveform to find a good
trigger event.
To find these events, you can also ask questions about the waveform, keeping
in mind the capabilities of the oscilloscope.
• Does the input data always repeat with respect to a particular waveform’s
high or low period of constant duration?
• Is there a sequence of waveform events that define the data of interest?
For example, is there a state machine, where the hypothetical sequence
“ac” leads to the events of interest, where “ab” does not?
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