Behringer Ultragraph Digital DEQ1024 User manual

User Manual
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
Ultra-High Precision 24-Bit/96 kHz Equalizer, Feedback Destroyer
and Dynamics Processor
2
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
Table of Contents
Thank you........................................................................ 2
Important Safety Instructions....................................... 3
Legal Disclaimer.............................................................. 3
Limited Warranty............................................................ 3
1. Introduction................................................................ 4
1.1 Before you get started....................................................... 4
1.1.1 Shipment........................................................................... 4
1.1.2 Initial operation.............................................................. 4
1.1.3 Online registration........................................................ 4
1.2 The user’s manual................................................................ 4
2. Control Elements........................................................ 4
2.1 Front panel............................................................................. 4
2.2 Rear panel.............................................................................. 6
3. Applications................................................................ 7
3.1 Master equalizer in sound
reinforcement systems.............................................................. 7
3.2 Equalizer in the monitor path......................................... 8
3.2.1 Priming a monitor system.......................................... 8
3.3 Using the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL
in the studio.................................................................................. 9
3.4 Special sound effects......................................................... 9
4. Installation.................................................................. 9
4.1 Rack mounting ..................................................................... 9
4.2 Audio connections.............................................................. 9
4.3 Digital connections (AES/EBU and S/PDIF).............. 10
5. Specifications............................................................ 10
Thank you
Thank you very much for expressing your confidence in BEHRINGER products by
purchasing the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ2496, an extremely high-quality digital
equalizer with built-in 24-bit/96 kHz A/D and D/A converters, making it an ideal
tool for both live and studio applications.
3
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
Important Safety
Instructions
Terminals marked with this symbol carry
electrical current of sufficient magnitude
to constitute risk of electric shock.
Use only high-quality professional speaker cables with
¼" TS or twist-locking plugs pre-installed. All other
installation or modification should be performed only
by qualified personnel.
This symbol, wherever it appears,
alerts you to the presence of uninsulated
dangerous voltage inside the
enclosure - voltage that may be sufficient to constitute a
risk of shock.
This symbol, wherever it appears,
alerts you to important operating and
maintenance instructions in the
accompanying literature. Please read the manual.
Caution
To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not
remove the top cover (or the rear section).
No user serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to
qualified personnel.
Caution
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock,
do not expose this appliance to rain and
moisture. The apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping
or splashing liquids and no objects filled with liquids,
such as vases, shall be placed on the apparatus.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized
or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades
with one wider than the other. A grounding-type plug
has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide
blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the
provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an
electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or
pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles,
and the point where they exit from the apparatus.
11. Use only attachments/accessories specified by
the manufacturer.
12. Use only with the
cart, stand, tripod, bracket,
or table specified by the
manufacturer, or sold with
the apparatus. When a cart
is used, use caution when
moving the cart/apparatus
combination to avoid
injury from tip-over.
13. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or
when unused for long periods of time.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
Servicing is required when the apparatus has been
damaged in any way, such as power supply cord or plug
is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen
into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed
to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has
been dropped.
15. The apparatus shall be connected to a MAINS socket
outlet with a protective earthing connection.
16. Where the MAINS plug or an appliance coupler is
used as the disconnect device, the disconnect device shall
remain readily operable.
Caution
These service instructions are for use
by qualified service personnel only.
To reduce the risk of electric shock do not perform any
servicing other than that contained in the operation
instructions. Repairs have to be performed by qualified
service personnel.
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with dry cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as
radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus
(including amplifiers) that produce heat.
LEGAL DISCLAIMER
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS AND APPEARANCES
ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE AND
ACCURACY IS NOT GUARANTEED. BEHRINGER,
KLARK TEKNIK, MIDAS, BUGERA, AND TURBOSOUND
ARE PART OF THE MUSIC GROUP (MUSIC-GROUP.COM).
ALL TRADEMARKS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THEIR
RESPECTIVE OWNERS. MUSIC GROUP ACCEPTS NO
LIABILITY FOR ANY LOSS WHICH MAY BE SUFFERED
BY ANY PERSON WHO RELIES EITHER WHOLLY OR
IN PART UPON ANY DESCRIPTION, PHOTOGRAPH
OR STATEMENT CONTAINED HEREIN. COLORS AND
SPECIFICATIONS MAY VARY FROM ACTUAL PRODUCT.
MUSIC GROUP PRODUCTS ARE SOLD THROUGH
AUTHORIZED FULLFILLERS AND RESELLERS ONLY.
FULLFILLERS AND RESELLERS ARE NOT AGENTS OF
MUSIC GROUP AND HAVE ABSOLUTELY NO AUTHORITY
TO BIND MUSIC GROUP BY ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
UNDERTAKING OR REPRESENTATION. THIS MANUAL
IS COPYRIGHTED. NO PART OF THIS MANUAL MAY
BE REPRODUCED OR TRANSMITTED IN ANY FORM
OR BY ANY MEANS, ELECTRONIC OR MECHANICAL,
INCLUDING PHOTOCOPYING AND RECORDING OF ANY
KIND, FOR ANY PURPOSE, WITHOUT THE EXPRESS
WRITTEN PERMISSION OF MUSIC GROUP IP LTD.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
© 2013 MUSIC Group IP Ltd.
Trident Chambers, Wickhams Cay, P.O. Box 146,
Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands
LIMITED WARRANTY
For the applicable warranty terms and conditions
and additional information regarding MUSIC Group’s
Limited Warranty, please see complete details online at
www.music-group.com/warranty.
4
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
1. Introduction
1.1.2 Initial operation
In addition to graphic EQing, the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL gives you a wide array
of additional functions, such as feedback destroyer, pink noise generator,
limiter/noise gate etc., leaving no wishes open. With these and many more
features the DEQ1024 is an absolutely all-purpose device for your recording or
mastering studio and will definitely upgrade your equipment.
Please make sure the unit is provided with sufficient ventilation, and never place
the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL on top of an amplifier or in the vicinity of a heater to
avoid the risk of overheating.
◊ Faulty fuses must be replaced with fuses of appropriate rating without
exception! The correct value of the fuses needed can be found in the
chapter “SPECIFICATIONS”.
◊ The following user’s manual is intended to familiarize you with the
unit’s control elements, so that you can master all the functions.
After having thoroughly read the user’s manual, store it at a safe place
for future reference.
1.1 Before you get started
Power is delivered via the cable enclosed with the unit. All requiered safety
precautions have been adhered to.
◊ Please make sure that the unit is grounded at all times. For your own
protection, you should never tamper with the grounding of the cable or
the unit itself.
1.1.1 Shipment
The DEQ1024 was carefully packed at the factory to assure secure transport.
Should the condition of the cardboard box suggest that damage may have taken
place, please inspect the unit immediately and look for physical indications
of damage.
◊ Damaged units should NEVER be sent directly to us. Please inform the
dealer from whom you acquired the unit immediately as well as the
transportation company from which you took delivery of the unit.
Otherwise, all claims for replacement/repair may be rendered invalid.
1.1.3 Online registration
Please take a few minutes and send us the completely filled out warranty
card within 14 days of the date of purchase. You may also register online at
behringer.com. The serial number needed for the registration is located at the top
of the unit. Failure to register your product may void future warranty claims.
1.2 The user’s manual
The user’s manual is designed to give you both an overview of the control
elements, as well as detailed information on how to use them. In order to help
you understand the links between the controls, we have arranged them in
groups according to their function. If you need to know more about specific
issues, please visit our website at behringer.com, where you’ll find additional
information on mixing consoles, effects units and dynamic processors.
2. Control Elements
2.1 Front panel
(1)
(14)
(2)
(12)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(11)
(8) (9)
(13)
(10)
Fig. 2.1: Front panel control elements
(1) Use the 45-mm EQ faders to increase or decrease any one of the
31 frequency bands. Each fader has its own red LED.
(2) Use the FADER RANGE switches to regulate increasing/decreasing in
three different levels: +12/-12 dB (green LED), +6/-6 dB (green LED) and
0/-24 dB (yellow LED). The last option is well suited for eliminating feedback
frequencies, since you can select a very pronounced lowering of a specific
frequency range (-24 dB).
◊ Each switch on your DEQ1024 (with the exception of CONFIG and
CLOCK) has its own LED that lights up when the respective function
is activated.
◊ All settings you implement always affect both channels of
your DEQ1024.
(3) The DEQ1024 features an automatic FEEDBACK DESTROYER.
Activating the FEEDBACK DESTROYER:
When you press the ON/OFF switch (yellow LED lights up), the feedback
destroyer scans the audio signal for feedback frequencies. As soon as
one or more frequencies show feedback, the red LED of the RESET (HOLD)
switch lights up. The affected frequencies are then automatically lowered.
In addition, your audio program is constantly scanned for new feedback
frequencies, and feedback is destroyed as it comes up. This makes sense
for microphones that are in constant motion during a stage performance
(e. g. vocal microphones), where feedback may arrise constantly.
5
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
Deactivating the search function (feedback suppression
remains active):
If you now press the ON/OFF switch for a second time, the feedback analysis
stops. Those frequencies emitting feedback will continue being lowered
(RESET (HOLD) LED is still on). This procedure is well suited for stationary
microphones, such as drum microphones. To start the “hunt” for feedback
again, hit the ON/OFF switch once again.
Displaying the feedback frequencies:
If you briefly (for approx. 2 seconds) depress the RESET (HOLD) switch,
the feedback frequencies that the DEQ1024 was able to find will be indicated
on the respective fader LEDs. If no feedback occurs, the LEDs will stop being
lit up for roughly 2 seconds.
Deactivating the FEEDBACK DESTROYER:
If you hold the RESET (HOLD) switch depressed for a few seconds, the filter
settings are reset (RESET (HOLD) LED dies out) and the FEEDBACK DESTROYER
is deactivated.
Fig. 2.2: Graphic equalizer without frequency response correction
This occurrence can be corrected by means of a specially developed
algorithm utilized in the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024. Simply press the
TRUE CURVE switch (green switch LED lights up).
(4) If you press the FB INDICATOR switch (green switch LED lights up), the FBQ
feedback detection system is activated. The frequency (or the frequencies)
that cause feedback are now shown in the form of a brightly shining fader
LED. All other LEDs are dimmed. Simply lower somewhat the pertinent
frequency range until feedback is no longer present and the LED dies out.
By displaying the intensity of individual frequency ranges, the feedback
recognition system also functions as an audio analyzer.
◊ Please keep in mind that the FB INDICATOR only shows the intensity of
the individual frequency bands. Not every frequency that is present
automatically causes feedback.
◊ FEEDBACK DESTROYER and FB INDICATOR function independently from
one another and can be activated simultaneously. Please bear in mind:
when in 96-kHz mode, FEEDBACK DESTROYER and FB INDICATOR are
not available!
(5) When you keep the PINK NOISE switch depressed for a few seconds,
the internal pink noise generator of your DEQ1024 is activated (red switch
LED lights up) and the volume level of the test signal is gradually increased
as long as the switch remains depressed (the level is shown on LEVEL
METER (13)). Briefly pressing the PINK NOISE switch once again deactivates
the function.
PINK NOISE
Room resonance and the transmission characteristics of your P.A. system
naturally lift certain frequencies while lowering others. Pink noise is
a neutral signal that can be played back over the P.A. system in order
to measure these room characteristics. One such measurement of the
frequency response with a special measurement microphone (e. g.
BEHRINGER ECM8000) coupled to a real-time analyzer (integrated in the
BEHRINGER ULTRACURVE PRO DEQ2496) delivers the foundation for setting
up the equalizer. Boosted frequencies can be lowered by means of your
equalizer, while frequencies that are too weak can be boosted, and a nearly
linear playback is achieved.
◊ Try to orient yourself on a frequency whose signal level lies in the 0 dB
to -3 dB range in order to avoid overdriving the equipment connected
(e. g. amp, crossover).
(6) In the world of ordinary graphic equalizers, there is always a difference
between the adjusted curve and the resulting frequency response.
This phenomenon is simply caused by the construction of such equalizers.
This difference depends on the frequency and its cut/boost. Near-by
frequency bands influence one another, whereby individual instances of cut
or boost can also be added up to one another.
Fig. 2.3: Graphic equalizer with frequency response correction (TRUE CURVE)
The resulting frequency response now corresponds exactly to the settings
that you adjusted with the graphic equalizer.
(7) The BYPASS switch lets you directly compare the processed and
unprocessed audio program. When the BYPASS function is activated
(red switch LED lights up), the input of the unit is directly forwarded to the
output so you can monitor the unprocessed signal.
(8) The DYNAMICS section of the DEQ1024 consists of a GATE and a LIMITER.
Use the GATE and LIMITER controls to determine the threshold. When the
threshold is exceeded (LIMITER) or when the signal falls below the threshold
(GATE), the dynamic processors starts affecting the signal.
GATE
When the input signal falls below the threshold value, the signal is
completely faded out. Tape hiss, crosstalk or disturbing noise can thus be
effectively removed from the signal. The yellow GATE LED in the METER
section (see (13)) lights up as soon as the GATE closes. The range of the
threshold lies between -60 and -10 dB. When turned all the way to the left,
the GATE is deactivated (OFF).
LIMITER
The LIMITER protects your equipment from signal peaks that could for
example damage your speakers. Output signal levels that exceed the
selected threshold value are limited, and the red LIMITER LED in the METER
section (see (13)) lights up. By reducing signal dynamics, a more expressive
sound is achieved. The threshold range lies between -6 and +9 dB. When
turned all the way to the right, the LIMITER is deactivated (OFF).
◊ Please keep in mind that boosting many frequency bands also increases
the output signal level. In this case, the limiter is activated sooner.
You can avoid this by achieving signal correction not only by boosting
frequency bands but by also lowering signal levels. To achieve creative
sound effects, the peak limiter can deliberately be driven to its limits.
6
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
(9) The DEQ1024 features a LOW CUT and HIGH CUT filter in its FILTER section,
allowing you to limit the entire frequency spectrum upward or downward.
The HIGH CUT control is used to determine the cut-off frequency above which
the high frequency range is lowered (2.5 - 16 kHz). When turned all the
way to the right, the filter is deactivated (OFF). The LOW CUT control is used
to determine the cut-off frequency above which the low frequency range
is lowered (20 - 160 Hz). When turned all the way to the left, the filter is
deactivated (OFF).
(10) Use the GAIN control in the MASTER section to determine the output
volume of the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL in the range between -9 to +9 dB.
In addition, there is also a stereo imager function that lets you adjust the
stereo width and therefore the separation between the left and the right
stereo side. When the STEREO IMAGE control is turned all the way to the
right, you achieve the maximum widening of the stereo signal (WIDE);
when the control is turned all the way to the left, the stereo signal is
transformed into a mono signal (MONO). When the STEREO IMAGE control is
in its middle position, your signal is not processed (STEREO).
(11) When you keep the CONFIG switch depressed for a few seconds, you can
select the operating mode of your DEQ1024: ANALOG (green LED),
DIGITAL (yellow LED), PRE EQ (yellow LED) or POST EQ (yellow LED). When in
the PRE EQ or POST EQ mode, you can use the rear panel digital connectors as
inserts, for example for an additional dynamics processor. When the unit is in
PRE EQ mode, the insert point is located pre EQ; when the unit is in POST EQ
mode, the insert point is located post EQ (see fig. 2.5 and 2.6).
Fig. 2.5: Signal flow in PRE EQ mode
Fig. 2.6: Signal flow in POST EQ mode
(12) When you keep the CLOCK switch depressed for a few seconds, you can
select the desired sample rate with which your DEQ1024 is working: 44.1 kHz,
48 kHz or 96 kHz (green LEDs). To synchronise your DEQ1024 with the sample
rate of an external unit (e. g. through a digital mixing console), you have to
select the DIG IN setting (yellow LED lights up).
◊ If you select the DIG IN setting, although no signal is connected to
the digital input, the DEQ1024 is not able to synchronise with any
sample frequency (yellow DIG IN LED is blinking). In this case the
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL switches to the sample frequency last connected
to the digital input. If you connect a signal to the digital input while
operating in the unsynchronised mode, your DEQ1024 switches back to
normal mode and synchronises with the connected sample frequency
(yellow LED lights up).
To select the word length of the digital output signal (16 bit or 24 bit),
keep the CONFIG and CLOCK switches simultaneously pressed.
The 24-bit setting is shown by means of the -24 dB LEDs in the METER
display (see (13)). When the 16-bit setting is selected, no METER LED
lights up. This way, the DEQ1024 can be adjusted to the 16-bit inputs of
DAT and CD recorders or sound cards. The analog output signal is always
converted with 24 bit, independent of the above setting.
Fig. 2.4: Input/output wiring depending on operating mode
Pink Noise ON
CONFIG
Analog
Digital
Pre EQ
Post EQ
1
B
C
C
B
2
A
A
B
A
3
A
A
A
B
1
2
3
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
Tab. 2.1: Input/output wiring depending on operating mode
2.2 Rear panel
(20)
(22) (21)
Fig. 2.7: Rear panel control elements and connectors
(19)
(18)
(23)
(17)
(16)
(17)
(15)
7
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
(13) The 12-digit LEVEL METER shows the signal level of the input and output
signals. Use the METER switch located below it to select the respective
signal, whereby the output signal is indicated when the switch LED lights
up (green), and the input signal is indicated when the switch LED is not lit.
The red CLIP LED lights up as soon as the indicated signal is overdriven.
The GATE and the LIMITER LED shows that the threshold of the respective
dynamics processors is either exceeded or is below the selected value;
the LED also indicates that the dynamics processor is active at this time
(see (8)). Additionally, the volume of the pink noise generator and the 24-bit
word length setting (see (12)) is shown on the LED METER.
(14) Keeping the STANDBY switch depressed for a few seconds puts the DEQ1024
into standby mode (red switch LED lights up). In this case, the signal
connected to the DEQ1024 is looped through without being processed.
◊ All new settings are saved after approx. 2 seconds, so that powering
3. Applications
The flexible concept of the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL, with its wide-ranging
possibilities for audio processing, opens up many application options. We will
now present to you some of those possibilities with their typical settings.
Outputs
Inputs
L&R
L&R
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
Main Inserts L & R
the DEQ1024 off and then on again (by using the STANDBY or the POWER
switch (20) on the rear panel) recalls the current settings.
(15) The balanced XLR and 1/4" TRS inputs are used for connecting an analog
input signal.
(16) The analog output signal of the DEQ1024 can be taken by using these
balanced XLR and 1/4" TRS connectors.
(17) The MAX. LEVEL switches increase the maximum signal level on the analog
inputs and outputs from +12 dBu to +22 dBu.
(18) You can selectively connect an input signal in the AES/EBU format (via the
XLR connector) or in the S/PDIF format (via the RCA connector) to the digital
inputs. In PRE EQ and POST EQ modes, these connectors can also be used as
insert returns (see (12)). Here, you can connect the output of your dynamics
processor or similar equipment.
EURORACK UB2442FX PRO
EUROPOWER EP1500
◊ Never connect a signal simultaneously to the AES/EBU and to the
S/PDIF input.
(19) The output signal is available on the digital output in the AES/EBU format
(XLR connector) and in the S/PDIF format (RCA connector). In PRE EQ or
POST EQ mode you can use these connectors as insert sends (see (11)).
Connect the input of your external dynamics processor or similar
equipment here. Unlike with the digital inputs, both digital outputs can be
used simultaneously.
(20) The POWER switch powers up your ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL. The POWER
switch should always be in its “Off” position when you are about to connect
the DEQ1024 to the mains.
EUROLIVE B1520
Fig. 3.1: The ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024 as master equalizer
3.1 Master equalizer in sound
the mains. Unplug the power cord completely when the unit is not used reinforcement systems
◊ Attention: The POWER switch does not fully disconnect the unit from
for prolonged periods of time.
(21) The mains connection is achieved via the standard IEC connector. A matching
power cord is included.
(22) You can exchange blown fuses that are located in the FUSES COMPARTMENT
of your DEQ1024. Blown fuses must be replaced by fuses of the same type
and rating. Please refer to chapter 5 “SPECIFICATIONS” for further details.
(23) SERIAL NUMBER of the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL. Please take the time to fill
in and return the warranty card within 14 days after the date of purchase.
Or register online at behringer.com.
This is surely the most common DEQ1024 application.
To achieve optimal results, you should keep in mind the following:
Before you begin correcting the frequency response, running your audio program
“unprocessed” first has proved itself useful. If distortion occurs, it should first be
confronted within the P.A. system. The physical location of your loudspeakers
also plays a huge role. No equalizer in the world can majorly improve the sound
that was thoroughly wattered down by being bounced off the walls and ceilings.
Modifying speaker positioning alone can create major improvements in the
quality of your sound.
When using multi-way active speakers, you should also first correct the
run-time and phase settings (the ULTRADRIVE PRO DCX2496 digital crossover
from BEHRINGER gives you all the tools needed for this). Only then does the
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL come into play. Background noise such as mains hum as
well as extremely narrow-band resonance should first be eliminated by using
the DEQ1024 (also see ch. 3.2.1). This should definitely be done before setting up
the sound.
8
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
After this editing, you have a basic setup; now, you can do some manual
fine-tuning, if necessary.
EUROLIVE F1520 Floor monitors
The following is true:
A linear response curve is not ideal for every application. For example,
when dealing with voice transmission, being able to understand the speaker is
the most important factor. Therefore, the response curve should drop away in the
bass range, since the voice can carry subsonic noise and floor rumble.
As a rule, extremely low and extremely high frequencies are transmitted much
weaker. It makes no sense to burden a small P.A. system with frequencies below
50 Hz; the only result in addition to the higher power consumption would most
likely be expensive repair costs.
◊ Always keep in mind where the physical limitations of your system are.
Upon setting up your system as accurately as possible to the desired response
curve, walk around the listening area so you can get an idea what your system
sounds like from various positions. Don’t forget to implement frequent pauses
and a various music selection into your program. You will get a better feeling
for the transmission characteristic of your system as well as of the room/
auditorium itself.
EUROPOWER EP1500
Outputs
L&R
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
◊ Achieving good EQ settings requires a lot of time and patience!
Aux sends
1&2
If extreme settings of your EQ are required in order to produce a useful
frequency response, this should be seen as an alarm sign that a serious
error or defect is present somewhere in your sound system, be it in
room acoustics or in your equipment.
An equalizer is no solution that can make up for a poor P.A. system, but it is an
extremely useful and effective sound tool for musical fine tuning. Fine tuning
often lets you create amazing results and improvements in acoustic penetration
and in the overall quality of your sound.
3.2 Equalizer in the monitor path
Basically, the on-stage volume level should be kept as low as possible, because:
1. it will be easier on your hearing,
2. there are less feedback problems, and
3. it’s easier to achieve a good front-of-house sound.
Often, the volume of the monitor speakers is raised as a concert goes on.
Use breaks and pauses to reduce all monitor paths by about 3 dB. The musicians
will not or hardly hear that the volume has been reduced, because during a break
their hearing can relax a bit. This gives you valuable headroom in your system.
Extremely low frequencies are usually faded out completely to avoid a “muddy”
sound on stage caused by low-frequency feedback. Use the low-cut filter for this
purpose and set it up in such a way so that extremely deep feedback disappears,
creating a transparent-sounding monitor sound.
EURORACK UB2222FX-PRO
Fig. 3.2: The ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024 in a monitor system
3.2.1 Priming a monitor system
Priming describes the process of detecting and suppressing feedback frequencies.
After placing and setting up your microphones and monitor speakers (including
amplifiers), you should crank up the aux send controls on all the channels of your
mixing console needed for the monitor mix.
Now, activate the feedback detection system by pressing the FB INDICATOR
switch (4). The fader LEDs (11) indicate the intensity of the individual frequency
bands. Then, use the aux send master controls to increase the amplification on
your mixing console until you first begin to notice feedback. Possible feedback
frequencies are now indicated on the fader LEDs that are lit up most brightly.
Frequency ranges that cause feedback can now be lowered by using the
respective EQ faders. Repeat this procedure to detect additional feedback
frequencies. After having worked on all critical frequencies, when you crank
up the aux send master control, you will be able to hear only negligible
multi-­frequency feedback. Your monitor system has now achieved its
maximum volume.
Leave the other faders in the middle position as long as there is no need to
proceed with frequency correction (e.g. measuring with a real-time analyzer).
Now, adjust the desired stage volume, and you will have tons of available
headroom without causing feedback problems.
9
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
3.3 Using the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL
in the studio
Additional applications of your DEQ1024 are possible in the studio.
Your imagination has no limits. Here are only some of the examples:
Center frequency (Hz)
1/3 octave
31 to 63
As equalizer for your studio monitors:
You can perform graphic equalization of your monitor sound. Besides, you can
supress narrow-band room resonances. An analyzer, such as the one integrated
into the BEHRINGER digital equalizer ULTRACURVE PRO DEQ2496, can help you in
your search for room resonances and a linear frequency response.
For general sound processing:
The equalizer lets you process both individual and sum signals. To process
individual signals, you should connect the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL via the channel
insert on your mixing console. To control several signals, either use a subgroup
or a main insert. Especially in mastering studios, the sound of a finished mix is
nowadays still processed with equalizers. Often, the mixes are not evened out,
meaning certain frequency ranges are featured too prominently while others
can hardly be heard. A graphic equalizer lets you even out the intensity of such
frequency ranges, so you end up with a homogenous sound characteristics.
80 to 125
160 to 250
315 to 500
630 to 1 k
1.25 k to 4 k
3.4 Special sound effects
5 k to 8 k
Be it in the studio, on the stage or in radio plays, the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL can
become an indispensable tone tool. You can for example change the sound of a
voice so that it sounds like it’s coming through the phone, or you can prominently
filter the sound of instruments so that they fit well into an existing mix.
10 k to 16 k
The following tables represent the connection between frequencies and their
acoustic meaning. They should encourage you to start using your DEQ1024 in
many creative ways.
Center frequency (Hz)
1/3 octave
40 to 125
160 to 250
315 to 500
630 to 1 k
1.25 k to 4 k
5 k to 8 k
10 k to 16 k
Tab. 3.1: Frequency allocation (voice)
Effect on voice
Sense of power in some outstanding bass singers.
Voice fundamentals.
Important for voice quality.
Important for voice naturalness. Too much boost
in the 315 to 1 kHz range produces a
telephone-like quality.
Voice fricatives-accentuation of vocals. Important
for speech intelligibility. Too much boost between
2 and 4 kHz can mask certain speech sounds e.g.
“m”, “b”, and “v” can become indistinguishable.
Too much boost anywhere between 1 and 4 kHz
can produce “listening fatigue”. Vocals can be
highlighted by slightly boosting the vocal at
3 kHz and at the same time slightly dipping the
instruments at the same frequency.
Accentuation of voice. The range from 1.25 to 8 kHz
governs the clarity of voice.
Too much boost causes sibilance.
Effect on voice
Fundamentals of bass drum, tuba, double bass
and organ. These frequencies give music a sense
of power. If over-emphasised they make the music
“muddy”. The50or60Hzbandisalsoused to reject AC
mains hum.
Fundamentals of lower tympani. Too much boost
produces excessive “boom”. 100 or 125 Hz are also
used for hum rejection.
Drum and lower bass. Too much boost produces
excessive “boom”. Also useful for 3rd harmonic
mains hum rejection.
Fundamentals of strings and percussion.
Fundamentals and harmonics of strings, keyboards
and percussion. Boosting the 600 to 1 kHz range can
make instruments sound horn-like.
Drums, guitar, accentuation of vocals, strings and
bass. Too much boost in the 1 to 2 kHz range
can make instuments sound tinny. Too much
boost anywhere between 1 to 4 kHz can produce
“listening fatigue”.
Accentuation of percussion, cymbals and snare
drum. Reduction at 5 kHz makes overall sound more
distant and transparent. Reduction of tape hiss
and system noise. The 1.25 to 8 kHz governs clarity
and definition.
Cymbals and over all brightness. Too much boost
causes sibilance. Reduction of tape hiss and
system noise.
Tab. 3.2: Frequency allocation (instruments)
4. Installation
4.1 Rack mounting
The BEHRINGER ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL requires two height units (2 HU) for
being installed into a 19” rack. Please allow at least an extra 4” of space for the
connectors on the rear panel.
Also, please make sure that sufficient ventilation of the unit is provided for,
and never put the device onto an amp or similar equipment to avoid overheating.
Please use M6 machine screws and nuts to install your DEQ1024 into a rack.
◊ To disconnect your DEQ1024 from the mains, please pull the power cord
out of the socket. When your unit is operational, always make sure you
can easily access the power socket. If you install your DEQ1024 into a
rack, please make sure that you can easily unplug the unit out of the wall
socket or that you are using an extension cord with a power switch.
4.2 Audio connections
You will need many different cables for the various applications. The following
illustrations show how these cables should be laid out. Please use exclusively
high-grade cabels.
The audio connectors of the ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL are electronically balanced and
ensure automatic hum and noise reduction.
Of course, you can also connect equipment featuring un-balanced outputs.
To this end, use either mono jacks or connect ring and sleeve of the stereo jack
(bridge pin 1 and pin 3 when using XLR connectors).
10
ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
Balanced use with XLR connectors
Insert send return ¼" TRS connector
strain relief clamp
sleeve
ring
tip
2 1
3
input
1 = ground/shield
2 = hot (+ve)
3 = cold (-ve)
1
sleeve
ground/shield
2
ring
return (in)
tip
send (out)
3
output
For unbalanced use, pin 1 and pin 3
have to be bridged
Fig. 4.1: XLR connections
Connect the insert send with the input and the
insert return with the output of the effects device.
Fig. 4.4: 1/4" TRS connector for insert send/return applications
Unbalanced ¼" TS connector
strain relief clamp
sleeve
tip
sleeve
(ground/shield)
tip
(signal)
Fig. 4.2: 1/4" TS connector
Balanced ¼" TRS connector
strain relief clamp
sleeve
ring
tip
4.3 Digital connections (AES/EBU and S/PDIF)
The AES/EBU interface whose name is derived from the Audio Engineering
Society and the European Broadcasting Union, is mainly used in professional
studio environments and broadcasting studios for the transmission of digital
signals, also over greater distances. The connection is made via balanced XLR
cables with a wave resistance of 110 ohms. Cables can be up to 100 m long.
The interface complies with the AES3 format, which allows for the two-channel
transmission of signals with a resolution of up to 24 bits. The signal has an autoclock and auto-synchronization feature (important when several digital devices
are used). An additional wordclock connection between DEQ1024 and connected
AES/EBU equipment is therefore not required. The sample rate is not fixed and
can be chosen freely. Typical rates are 44.1 kHz, 48 kHz, 88.2 kHz and 96 kHz.
The AES/EBU interface is largely compatible with the popular S/PDIF interface.
A connection can be made using an adapter.
5. Specifications
Analog inputs
Type
electronically balanced
ConnectorXLR
sleeve
ground/shield
ring
cold (-ve)
tip
hot (+ve)
For connection of balanced and unbalanced plugs,
ring and sleeve have to be bridged at the stereo plug.
Fig. 4.3: 1/4" TRS connector
Impedance
22 kΩ at 1 kHz
Max. input level
+12 or +22 dBu, switchable
CMRR
80 dB typ.
Analog outputs
Typeservo-balanced
ConnectorXLR
Impedance
100 Ω at 1 kHz
Max. output level
+12 or +22 dBu, switchable
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ULTRAGRAPH DIGITAL DEQ1024
System specifications
Master
Frequency response
15 Hz to 35 kHz, +/- 3 dB
Signal-to-noise ratio
104 dBu, a-weighted, 22 Hz - 22 kHz
THD
0.004 % typ. @ +4 dBu, 1 kHz, gain 1
Crosstalk
< -85 dB, 22 Hz - 22 kHz
Gain
-9 dB to +9 dB
Filter
Low Cut
20 Hz to 160 Hz (12 dB/oct.)
High Cut
2.5 kHz to 16 kHz (12 dB/oct.)
Bypass
Type
Relay, hard-bypass in case of
power failure
Digital inputs
Type
XLR transformer-balanced
Standard
AES/EBU or S/PDIF
Input impedance
110 Ω
Nom. input level
0.2 - 5 V peak-to-peak
Digital Outputs
Dynamics
Type
gate and limiter with digital IGC
(Interactive Gain Control)
Threshold
variable: -60 to -10 dB (gate)
variable: -6 to +9 dB (limiter)
Function switches
Bypass
switch, to deactivate equalizer functions
Meter in/out
selects between input and
output metering
Fader range
sets the maximal cut/boost
for the 31 bands
Type
XLR transformer-balanced
Standard
AES/EBU or S/PDIF
Standby
switches into standby mode
Impedance
110 Ω
Pink noise
-48 dB to 0 dB
Output level
2 - 5 V peak-to-peak
FB indicator
recognition of frequency
band intensity
True Curve
Algorithm for achieving filter
curve linearity
Digital processing
Converter
24-bit Delta-Sigma,
64/128 oversampling
Sample rate
44.1 kHz, 48 kHz, 96 kHz
Displays
Input/output level
12-digit LED display: -48/-36/-24/-18/
-12/-6/-3/0/+3/+6/+9 dB/CLIP
Function switch
LED display of each switch (except for
clock and configuration switches)
Graphic equalizer
Type
analog 1/3-oct EQ
Frequency range
20 Hz to 20 kHz 31 1/3-oct. bands
according to ISO frequencies
Bandwidth1/3-oct.
Control range
+/-6, +/-12 dB or 0/-24 dB (switchable)
Feedback Destroyer (FBD)
Type
digital signal analysis for
feedback identification
Filter
max. 10 digital notch filters per channel,
automatic feedback suppression system
Frequency range
20 Hz - 20 kHz
Bandwidth1/10-oct.
Control range
-48 dB in 6 dB-steps
Power supply
Voltage
85 to 250 V~, 50/60 Hz, auto range
Power consumption
typ. 10 W
Fuse
T 1A H
Mains connector
Standard IEC receptacle
Dimensions/Weight
Dimensions (H x W x D)
approx. 3.5 x 19 x 5.3"
approx. 89 x 482.6 x 135 mm
Shipping weight
approx. 2.5 kg / 5 lbs
BEHRINGER continuously strives to assure the highest quality standards possible. Required modifications may
be implemented without prior notice. Technical data and the appearance of the unit may deviate from the above
values and/or illustrations.
We Hear You