An Aviation Technologies Company
Avtech Corporation
3400 Wallingford Ave. North
Seattle, WA 98103-9041
www.avtcorp.com
Tel (206) 695-8000
Fax (206) 695-8011
INSTALLATION MANUAL
CSD-714 SELCAL
DECODER
File Last Saved: April 16, 2001 (3:20PM)
CSD-714 SELCAL
INSTALLATION AND
OPERATION MANUAL
Avtech Part Numbers 1200008-000, -001, -002, & -003
MANUAL PART NUMBER
0200013-000
PROPRIETARY RIGHTS NOTICE
THIS DATA IS PROPRIETARY TO AVTECH CORP. DISCLOSURE,
REPRODUCTION, OR USE OF THIS DATA FOR ANY PURPOSE IS
NOT AUTHORIZED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION FROM
AVTECH CORP.
Avtech Corporation
A DAH Company
3400 Wallingford Avenue North
Seattle, Washington USA 98103-9095
Phone 206-695-8000
Fax 206-695-8011
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CHANGE RECORD
REV PAGE
DESCRIPTION
1
Cloned from Coltech document 0200013-000 Rev C. All textual
references to Coltech and formatting has been changed to Avtech
where possible. This component maintenance manual may contain
references to Coltech drawings and document numbers.
REF DCR D010021
All
APPROVED
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SERVICE BULLETIN RECORD
Service
Bulletin
Date
Issued
Model
Effected
Subject
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LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
Section
Page
Date
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
TITLE
DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSTALLATION TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORY PART NUMBERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NOTES FOR INSTALLATION FIGURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
2
3
5
6
6
7
LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE
TITLE
PAGE
Figure 1 - Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 2 - Outline Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3 - Code Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4 - 20 dB Attenuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5 - Annunciator Output Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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DESCRIPTION
The CSD-714 SELCAL DECODER is a rack mounted, 16 tone decoder for the ICAO and ARINC
standard SELCAL system, as defined in RTCA paper DO-93. It is available in both two channel
(-001, -003) and five channel (-000, -002) versions. It has independent inputs for up to five
radios, depending on version, to drive up to five decoder channels. It is connected to any
communication radio receivers (typically the VHF and HF receivers) and monitors their audio
outputs for the SELCAL tone codes. Upon receiving the code for which it is programmed it will
cause annunciator control line outputs to activate to alert the crew that a call has been received.
TSO'd to TSO C59 and designed to meet or exceed the performance requirements of ARINC
Characteristic 714, the CSD-714 uses proven aircraft techniques and materials and is digitally
based and crystal controlled using a microprocessor, digital filters and signal processing, and
digital frequency generation for its decoding functions. The entire unit is housed in a 1 MCU size
case as defined in ARINC characteristic 600 and is made entirely of aluminum which has been
anodized and painted for protection and appearance. The materials used within the unit are of the
high quality associated with air transport equipment and consideration has been given to the safety
and reliability requirements of air transport operations.
By grounding pins in the rear connector of the unit, either at the connector or by using a code
selector panel, the individual code assigned to the aircraft is programmed for the unit to recognize.
There are several output lines to control the annunciation of a decoded call. Up to five of the lines
are intended to activate lights to indicate which of the inputs received the call, and two of the lines
are used to determine whether the lights will be on steady or flash and to strobe a chime in the
aircraft audio system.
The decoder channels are individually reset by grounding the RESET input pins on the connector.
When all channels have been reset, the steady and interrupted annunciator output lines will be
deactivated. The reset lines are fully diode isolated and may be used with the individual radio
push-to-talk circuits for automatic reset upon transmission.
A Self-Test function is activated by grounding the SELF-TEST input on the connector and will
fully test the unit by generating audio tones internally and coupling them to the inputs of the unit.
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OPERATION
Pilot operation of the CSD-714 is limited to resetting it after a call and performing a self-test.
Normal Operation
There are several installation options concerning how the annunciator lamps and audio
annunciation work, as well as how the unit is reset after a call. The lamps may be connected to
either be on steady or to flash when a call is received, and the audio annunciator may either ring
once, ring repeatedly, or not at all. Resetting the unit may be accomplished via a single reset
button, one for each channel, or by selecting the associated radio and transmitting on it, causing its
push-to-talk circuitry to reset the SELCAL. The pilot should determine from the installation
agency what the normal SELCAL response should be to a call and how to reset the annunciators.
In any case, the receipt of a SELCAL call will illuminate only the annunciator lamp for the radio
which detected the call.
Manual SELF-TEST Operation
Generating a SELF-TEST is done by pressing the SELF-TEST button, if installed. Pushing and
releasing the SELF-TEST button initiates an internal sequence within the CSD-714 which tests the
unit completely. A fully functioning unit will complete the self-test within approximately four
seconds by indicating a SELCAL call has been detected on all channels at once. Should all
channels not test correctly, the annunciator light for the failed channel will not light. Should the
unit find that the code selection programmed into the unit is invalid, it will not light any of the
annunciators and will appear to have done nothing.
In the -000 and -002 versions the annunciator outputs resulting from a self-test remain active until
manually reset. In the -002 and -003 versions the annunciator outputs resulting from a self-test
remain active for approximately two seconds and then automatically reset.
Power On SELF-TEST Operation
When power is initially applied to the unit, if the code selection the unit is programmed for is
invalid the unit will light all annunciators and will flash and strobe the chime as appropriate and
will not respond to RESET input commands. In this case, the pilot should turn the unit off and
report it malfunctioning.
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SPECIFICATIONS
Model Number:
CSD-714
Avtech Part Numbers:
1200008-000 (5 channel, standard self-test)
1200008-001 (2 channel, standard self-test)
1200008-002 (5 channel, auto-reset self-test)
1200008-003 (2 channel, auto-reset self-test)
Certified to TSO:
C59
Conforms to RTCA Spec:
DO-93 as amended.
RTCA DO-160B Categories:
F2BA/MNO/XXXXXXZAAZZZZ
Software Certification:
Software has been tested and documented per the requirements
of RTCA paper DO-178A for Level 3 software.
ARINC Characteristics:
Complies with the performance, packaging and environmental
requirements of ARINC characteristic 714 and 600.
Number of Channels:
Five (-000, -002)
Two (-001, -003)
Size:
1.12" wide, 7.63" high, 12.52" long, defined as 1 MCU by
ARINC 600.
Mounting:
Aircraft racking per ARINC Characteristic 600.
Weight:
2.9 pounds
Operating Temperature:
-55 degrees centigrade to +70 degrees centigrade continuous.
DO-160B Vibration:
Categories MNO for non-vibration isolated mounting in
Helicopters and Fixed Wing turbojet and propeller driven
aircraft.
Operating Altitude:
Up to 55,000 feet, non-pressurized.
Input Voltage:
20 to 35 VDC, 27.5 VDC nominal. Voltage below 18 VDC
will inhibit operation of annunciators and decoding.
Input Current:
170 ma nominal, 250 ma maximum
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Mating Connector:
ARINC 600 style, size 1 with blank cavity A, Middle insert
Arrangement 01 (60 pins), Bottom insert Arrangement 03 (2
coax, 2 size 16 pins, 1 size 12 pin).
Tone Inputs:
Two or five inputs, transformer coupled. Each input is
nominally 10,000 ohms input impedance.
Input Tone Level:
0.1 VMS to 3.2 VMS
Tone Frequency Tolerance:
Normal operation with tones less than 0.3% off frequency.
Tone Rejection:
Greater than 36 dB rejection to tones more than +/- 3.5 percent
off frequency.
Tone Amplitude Difference:
(Twist)
Must be less than 10 dB.
Tone Duration:
750 milliseconds minimum, 1.25 seconds maximum
Tone to Noise Ratio:
-6 dB minimum.
Tones Decoded:
16 ARINC standard SELCAL tones, labeled A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, J, K, L, M, P, Q, R, S.
Code Selection Method:
Jumper wires in the installation harness or ARINC compatible
SELCAL selector panel.
ARINC Interfaces:
NON-INTERRUPT and INTERRUPT lines, turned on per
ARINC 714 for chime and external annunciators. Maximum
off voltage, 80 VDC. Maximum on current, 2 amps.
Annunciator Interfaces:
Two or five outputs which connect to LIGHTS IN pin when
associated channel is decoded. Maximum off voltage, 80
VDC. Maximum on current, 2 amps.
External Resets:
Two or five inputs, normally open. Closure to ground will
reset associated channel annunciation.
Self-Test:
Grounding SELF-TEST pin on connector will cause unit to
perform complete end-to-end self-test. Unit checks for valid
decode code strapping upon self-test.
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Power-On Self Test:
Unit checks for valid decode code strapping upon power-on
and will latch all annunciators on if invalid.
INSTALLATION
The CSD-714 is intended for mounting in the radio equipment bay of an aircraft and due to its
wide operating temperature range does not need to be in a temperature controlled environment.
Although the CSD-714 is equipped to monitor two or five inputs depending on version, it is not
necessary to use all channels.
At installation it is necessary to connect various pins in the units connector to program the
sequence necessary for a valid decode. This procedure is detailed in Note 1 for Figure 1 and in
Figure 3 of this section.
The installation wiring drawing (Figure 1) shows connection pins for airline VHF communication
transceivers which meet either ARINC characteristic 716 or 566. Other transceivers may be used,
such as HF units, if the equivalent pins are utilized.
Audio for the CSD-714 input is normally obtained from the SELCAL output of VHF and HF
receivers. The audio level at the SELCAL output is normally within the range of the input levels
accommodated by the CSD-714 and may be connected directly. If the CSD-714 is to be wired to
the squelched audio as might be found at the input to the audio selector panel, the levels are
generally greater than the maximum input rating of the CSD-714. In this case, a 10 to 1 voltage
divider (20 dB of attenuation) should be used in the audio input to the decoder. Avtech provides a
in line attenuator under the part number 1200009-000 or one may be fabricated locally using
Figure 4 as a guide. It is to be installed with the output end directly into the CSD-714 mating
connector, and the input end spliced into the audio circuit wiring. This attenuator will reduce
normal aircraft audio levels to a level compatible with the CSD-714 (100 mw into 600 ohms,
equivalent to 7.7 VRMS will be converted to 0.77 VRMS).
The assignment of codes for SELCAL operation is coordinated by SELCAL Registrar,
Aeronautical Radio, Inc., 2551 Riva Road, Annapolis, Maryland, 21401. Phone number is
(410) 266-4142. Contact them if a code has not been assigned to the aircraft. They will require
the following information:
Name of Applicant Company
Person to Contact
Aircraft Registration Number
Company Address
Intended world areas of operation
If your decoder is a 12 or 16 tone decoder.
(The CSD-714 is a 16 tone decoder)
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There is no charge for a code assignment at this time. This code is assigned to the USER and does
NOT transfer with the aircraft when it is sold.
INSTALLATION TESTING
The following tests should be performed to verify the installation in the airplane is operating
properly:
1.
Apply power to the unit and press the SELF-TEST button to initiate a SELF-TEST. Within
approximately four seconds an indication of a SELCAL decode should be received on all
annunciators simultaneously.
2.
Using a ground test set such as the Avtech CTS-700 SELCAL/ATSCALL Ramp Test Set,
select the frequency for test on one of the communication transceivers to which the CSD-714
is connected. On the test frequency generate a SELCAL encoded signal of the code sequence
programmed into the CSD-714. Confirm that the appropriate annunciator lamp illuminates
and the chime is heard, if installed. Take the appropriate action to reset the unit. Do this test
for all SELCAL channels and for all radios connected to the CDS-714.
3.
If possible, contact the agency which will be furnishing SELCAL service to the aircraft and
request a test call.
EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORY PART NUMBERS
Avtech
Part Number
Description
1200008-000
1200008-001
1200008-002
1200008-003
CSD-714 SELCAL (5 channel, standard self-test)
CSD-714 SELCAL (2 channel, standard self-test)
CSD-714 SELCAL (5 channel, auto-reset self-test)
CSD-714 SELCAL (2 channel, auto-reset self-test)
1200009-000
Attenuator,Audio,20 dB
2000008-003
Connector, Rack Mounted W/Pins
1200011-000
Rack, Mounting, 1 MCU
1000005-001
Test Set, CTS-700 SELCAL/ATSCALL Ramp Test System
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NOTES FOR INSTALLATION FIGURES
Note 1 - DECODE PROGRAMMING
Programming the CSD-714 to respond to a selective call is done by connecting the code selection
pins on the rear connector to the CODE SELECT RETURN pin on the rear connector (Pin
MP9B). The SELCAL code is composed of four letters. For instance a code might be FJ-LQ.
The order of the letters within a group of two is not critical, however it is customary to place them
in alphabetical order. There are four rows of pins on the rear connector which set the code. The
rows are 10, 11 13 and 15 and within a row the pins are labeled A,B,C and D. Row 10 programs
the first letter of the selcal code, row 11 the second letter, row 13 the third letter and row 15 the
last letter. Figure 3 has a table of which of the pins (A, B, C, and D) in a row should be connected
to pin MP9B for which code letter. Figure 3 also has an example of which pins are connected for
the example code, FJ-LQ.
Note 2 - LIGHTS IN (Pin MP8A) -- See Figure 5
The internal transistors which control the annunciator lights for the individual channels have their
emitters connected to this pin. If the annunciator lights are to be on steady upon decode, ground
this pin. If it is desired to have the lamps flash, connect this pin to the INTERRUPT OUT (Pin
MP4D) and ground the INTERRUPT IN line (Pin MP4C) as shown in Figure 5.
Note 3 - CHANNEL ANNUNCIATOR LINES -- See Figure 5
The output lines which correspond to the channel annunciators are controlled by internal
transistors whose collectors are connected to the appropriate pin (Pin MP6D, MP7A, MP7B,
MP7C, and MP7D). They are intended to connect to one side of a lamp which has a variable DC
voltage on the other side. Because of the connection described in the section on the LIGHTS IN
line, the voltage on the channel annunciator lines must be more positive that the LIGHTS IN pin
in order for current to flow. These lines can withstand 80 volts in the off condition and will carry
2 amps when on.
Note 4 - EXTERNAL RESETS and SELF TEST
The EXTERNAL RESET input lines (Pins MP1A, MP1B, MP1C, MP1D and MP2A) must be
grounded momentarily when it is desired to reset the associated channel after a decode.
They are internally diode isolated and will withstand the voltages associated with push-to-talk
circuits if it is desired to reset automatically upon selection of the calling radio and transmitting.
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If manual reset is desired, they may all be tied together and grounded through a normally open,
momentary contact switch. The SELF-TEST input (Pin MP3D) is activated by grounding it
momentarily. All of these inputs are considered grounded when the voltage on the pin is less than
3.5 volts and are open when it is above 8 volts. Internally they are connected to 10 VDC through a
4700 ohm resistor and will source approximately 2 milliamps when grounded.
Note 5 - INTERRUPT and NON-INTERRUPT ARINC OUTPUTS -- See Figure 5
The INTERRUPT and NON-INTERRUPT lines have both IN and OUT lines. The IN lines
connect to emitters of internal transistors whose collectors are connected to the associated OUT
line. When a SELCAL is decoded, the NON-INTERRUPT transistor will turn on and stay on
until all channels have been reset. The INTERRUPT transistor will
be turned on and off at a 1/2 second on, 1/2 second off rate until all channels have been reset. The
IN and OUT lines are diode isolated to prevent damage and sneak circuits and require that the
OUT line be more positive in voltage than the IN line for current to flow. Don't blame us for this
nomenclature, that's the way ARINC defined it. In most installations, the INTERRUPT lines are
used to flash the annunciator lamps by connecting the LIGHTS IN line (Pin MP8A) to the
INTERRUPT OUT line (Pin MP4D) and grounding the INTERRUPT IN line (Pin MP4C) as
shown in Figure 5. The chime is activated by connecting its control to the NON-INTERRUPT
OUT line (Pin MP4B) and grounding the NON-INTERRUPT IN line (Pin MP4A).
Note 6 - AUDIO SOURCE SELECTION
The CSD-714 has two or five decoder channels which are configured to monitor up to two or five
inputs, respectively. Each input presents a nominal 10,000 ohm input impedance, and is
transformer coupled and isolated from the other inputs.
The CSD-714 MUST be connected to the dedicated SELCAL output of HF receivers if at all
possible, since the Clarifier function of the HF affects the frequency of the normal audio output
and will cause the SELCAL signals to be off frequency. If the HF does not have a SELCAL
output normal audio output may be used, however the HF must then be operated in AM mode
whenever a SELCAL signal is expected. It will not receive the call otherwise. If the SELCAL
output is not used, verify that the audio level is within the CSD-714 input level rating.
Audio input for the CSD-714 may be obtained from the SELCAL output or the squelched audio
output of the VHF communication radios to be monitored. If the SELCAL output is used, it
normally is within the input levels specified for the CSD-714 but should be verified by consulting
the radio specifications.
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If the squelched audio output of the VHF is used, care must be taken to keep the audio input to the
CSD-714 within rating. The frequency response of the output must be such that the difference in
output level at any two frequencies between 300 and 1500 Hz is less than 3 dB. A 20 dB
attenuator may be required to reduce the audio level as referenced at the beginning of this section.
Do not use audio from cockpit volume controls as input to the CSD-714.
For receivers without transformer outputs with HI and LO signal lines, return the CSD-714
INPUT LO lines for the appropriate channel to a ground which is physically and electrically close
to the source radio to avoid ground noise pickup. Use twisted, shielded wire to connect the audio
to avoid hum and noise pickup.
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Figure 1 - Wiring Diagram
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Figure 2 - Outline Drawing
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Code Letter
Position
First
Second
Third
Fourth
J1 Pin
MP10C
MP11C
MP13C
MP15C
MP10D
MP11D
MP13D
MP15D
Code Letter
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
MP10B
MP11B
MP13B
MP15B
MP10A
MP11A
MP13A
MP15A
J1 MP10, MP11, MP13, MP15 Pin Coding
DCBA
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
J
K
L
M
P
Q
R
S
DCBA
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
0000
0 represents a connection to the CODE SEL RETURN, Pin MP9B, or ground.
1 represents no connection to this pin.
Example:
Code FJ-LQ is programmed by jumpering the following pins to pin MP9B:
MP10A & MP10D
MP11B & MP11C
MP13C
MP15A
(Letter F)
(Letter J)
(Letter L)
(Letter Q)
Figure 3 - Code Programming
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Figure 4 - 20 dB Attenuator
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Figure 5 - Annunciator Output Circuits
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