Apple Power Macintosh 8500 Series User`s guide


Power Macintosh
User’s Guide
Includes setup, troubleshooting, and important health-related
information for Power Macintosh 8500 series computers
K Apple Computer, Inc.
© 1995 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.
Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the
written consent of Apple. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying
software license agreement.
The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other
countries. Use of the “keyboard” Apple logo (Option-Shift-K) for commercial purposes without
the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair
competition in violation of federal and state laws.
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is
not responsible for printing or clerical errors.
Apple Computer, Inc.
1 Infinite Loop
Cupertino, CA 95014-2084
(408) 996-1010
Apple, the Apple logo, AppleShare, AppleTalk, GeoPort, ImageWriter, Inter•Poll, LaserWriter,
LocalTalk, Macintosh, MacTerminal, PlainTalk, QuickTime, and StyleWriter are trademarks of
Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.
AppleCD, Apple Desktop Bus, AppleScript, At Ease, AudioVision, Balloon Help, Chicago,
Disk First Aid, eWorld, Finder, GeoPort, Macintosh PC Exchange, Power Macintosh,
PowerTalk, and QuickDraw are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
Adobe, Adobe Illustrator, and PostScript are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated,
registered in the United States. Adobe Photoshop is a trademark of Adobe Systems
Incorporated.
America Online is a service mark of Quantum Computer Services, Inc.
CompuServe is a registered trademark of CompuServe, Inc.
The Energy Star logo is a service mark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
ExposurePro is a registered trademark of Baseline Publishing, Inc.
Helvetica and Times are registered trademarks of Linotype-Hell AG and/or its subsidiaries.
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
Internet is a trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation.
Motorola is a registered trademark of Motorola Corporation.
NuBus is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
PowerPC and the PowerPC logo are trademarks of International Business Machines
Corporation, used under license therefrom.
QMS is a registered trademark and ColorScript is a trademark of QMS, Inc.
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Simultaneously published in the United States and Canada.
Mention of third-party products is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an
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performance or use of these products.
Contents
Communications regulation information
Preface Welcome to Power Macintosh
vi
ix
Part I
1 Getting Started
1
Plugging in the computer
3
Installing an expansion card
Connecting a monitor
4
4
Connecting the mouse and keyboard
Connecting other equipment
Turning the computer on
9
9
Problems turning your computer on?
What’s next?
7
13
14
Learning the basics
Reviewing the basics
15
17
Saving energy with the Energy Saver control panel
Turning the computer off
Where to find answers
19
21
24
iii
2 Getting Help
27
Getting answers to your questions
28
Identifying objects on the screen
Learning useful shortcuts
36
37
3 Connecting Additional Equipment
Your computer at a glance
39
About your computer’s A/V panel
42
Connecting audio equipment
42
Connecting video equipment
48
Connecting external SCSI devices
Expanding memory
39
59
62
Installing internal drives
63
Connecting network cables
64
4 Installing and Using Application Programs
Installing application programs
67
Working with several programs at a time
Backing up your files
69
71
Using Power Macintosh application programs
5 Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive
Inserting a CD-ROM disc
Ejecting a CD-ROM disc
Playing audio CDs
74
75
77
Sharing a CD-ROM disc over a network
Contents
73
76
Working with Photo CDs
iv
67
78
71
Part II
6 Troubleshooting
81
When you have questions
If you have trouble
81
81
Solutions to common problems
85
Solutions to CD-ROM problems
97
If your computer’s performance decreases
Solving printer problems
104
Obtaining updated Apple software
Initializing a hard disk
103
104
109
Repairing a damaged disk
112
Installing or reinstalling system software
116
Installing or reinstalling CD-ROM software
125
Part III
A Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
129
Health-related information about computer use
Safety instructions
134
Handling your computer equipment
Cleaning your equipment
135
141
Locking and unlocking the mouse
B Installing an Expansion Card
143
145
Expansion card power requirements
Card installation
146
146
Upgrading the processor
154
C Special Keys on Your Keyboard
Typing special characters and symbols
Special key combinations
Index
129
155
157
159
161
Contents
v
Communications regulation information
FCC statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device
in accordance with the specifications in Part 15 of FCC rules. See instructions if interference to
radio or television reception is suspected.
Radio and television interference
The equipment described in this manual generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency
energy. If it is not installed and used properly—that is, in strict accordance with Apple’s
instructions—it may cause interference with radio and television reception.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device
in accordance with the specifications in Part 15 of FCC rules. These specifications are designed
to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
Note: If a 10BASE-T Ethernet connector is used, the system complies only with the FCC Part
15, Class A limits and the CISPR 22, Class A limits, and may not be used in a residential area.
You can determine whether your computer system is causing interference by turning it off. If
the interference stops, it was probably caused by the computer or one of the peripheral devices.
If your computer system does cause interference to radio or television reception, try to correct
the interference by using one or more of the following measures:
m Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops.
m Move the computer to one side or the other of the television or radio.
m Move the computer farther away from the television or radio.
m Plug the computer into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio.
(That is, make certain the computer and the television or radio are on circuits controlled by
different circuit breakers or fuses.)
If necessary, consult an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple. See the service and support
information that came with your Apple product. Or, consult an experienced radio/television
technician for additional suggestions. You may find the following booklet helpful: Interference
Handbook (stock number 004-000-00493-1). This booklet, prepared by the Federal
Communications Commission, is available from the U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, DC 20402.
IMPORTANT Changes or modifications to this product not authorized by Apple Computer, Inc.,
could void the FCC Certification and negate your authority to operate the product.
This product was tested for FCC compliance under conditions that included the use of Apple
peripheral devices and Apple shielded cables and connectors between system components. It is
important that you use Apple peripheral devices and shielded cables and connectors between
system components to reduce the possibility of causing interference to radios, television sets,
and other electronic devices. You can obtain Apple peripheral devices and the proper shielded
cables and connectors through an Apple-authorized dealer. For non-Apple peripheral devices,
contact the manufacturer or dealer for assistance.
vi
Communications Regulation Information
DOC statement
DOC Class B Compliance This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio
noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the interference-causing equipment standard
entitled “Digital Apparatus,” ICES-003 of the Department of Communications.
Observation des normes—Classe B Cet appareil numérique respecte les limites de bruits
radioélectriques applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescrites dans la norme
sur le matériel brouilleur : “Appareils Numériques”, NMB-003 édictée par le ministre des
Communications.
VCCI statement
CD-ROM drive
WARNING Making adjustments or performing procedures other than those specified in your
equipment’s manual may result in hazardous exposure.
WARNING Do not attempt to disassemble the cabinet containing the laser. The laser beam used in
this product is harmful to the eyes. The use of optical instruments, such as magnifying lenses,
with this product increases the potential hazard to your eyes. For your safety, have this
equipment serviced only by an Apple-authorized service provider.
If you have an internal Apple CD-ROM drive in your computer, your computer is a Class 1
laser product. The Class 1 label, located in a user-accessible area, indicates that the drive meets
minimum safety requirements. A service warning label is located in a service-accessible area.
The labels on your product may differ slightly from the ones shown here.
Class 1 label
Service warning label
Communications Regulation Information
vii
Welcome to Power Macintosh
Congratulations on the purchase of your new Macintosh. Your computer is
designed to give you the highest performance combined with real ease of
use—it’s easy to set up, easy to use, and easy to expand. This book will guide
you through the setup procedure, tell you how to expand your Macintosh, and
provide many tips on using your new system.
Your Macintosh computer is powered by the new † microprocessor
(or “chip”). This microprocessor was designed by Apple Computer, Inc.,
Motorola, Inc., and IBM Corporation. The † microprocessor uses
Reduced Instruction Set Computing (RISC) technology to deliver very high
performance at the lowest possible cost. The † RISC microprocessor
represents the state of the art in microprocessor design.
Your new Macintosh will run almost all your existing Macintosh software, but
for best performance and greatest speed, look for the new software programs
designed especially for Power Macintosh computers. You’ll find Power
Macintosh programs at any software store that carries products for Macintosh.
ix
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Chapter 2
Getting Help
Chapter 3
Connecting Additional Equipment
Chapter 4
Installing and Using Application Programs
Chapter 5
Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive
I
part
Follow the instructions in this
chapter to set up your computer
and learn the basics.
1
Getting Started
The illustration on the next page shows all the equipment you will need to set
up your computer and begin using it. (Note that your monitor and keyboard
may look slightly different depending on what you purchased.)
Place your equipment on a sturdy, flat surface near a grounded wall outlet.
(Your computer was designed to be placed on the floor to conserve desk
space, but it can also be placed on any stable, flat surface.)
Before following the setup instructions in this chapter, you may want to read
“Arranging Your Office” in Appendix A (in the section on health-related
information) for tips on adjusting your work furniture so that you’re
comfortable when using the computer.
1
Monitor
Macintosh computer
Keyboard cable
(sometimes built
into the keyboard
as shown here)
Mouse
Keyboard
Apple PlainTalk Microphone (optional)
Monitor cable
(sometimes built into the monitor)
Computer power cord
Monitor power cord
(sometimes built into the monitor)
Plugging in the computer
Before you plug your Macintosh into a wall socket, carefully read all the
setup instructions in this chapter. Then, before you connect anything to your
Macintosh, follow the instructions in this section to plug it in. The plug
grounds the computer and protects it from electrical damage while you are
setting up. When you are ready to begin, follow these steps:
1
Plug the socket end of the computer’s power cord into the recessed power socket
(marked with the symbol ≤) on the back of the computer.
2
Plug the other end of the power cord into a three-hole grounded outlet or power strip.
WARNING This equipment is intended to be electrically grounded.
Your Macintosh is equipped with a three-wire grounding plug—a plug
that has a third (grounding) pin. This plug will fit only a grounded
AC outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug
into the outlet, contact a licensed electrician to replace the outlet
with a properly grounded outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the
grounding plug!
Power cord socket
Power cord plug
IMPORTANT The only way to disconnect power completely is to unplug the
power cord. Make sure that at least one end of the power cord is within easy
reach so that you can unplug the computer when you need to.
Getting Started
3
Installing an expansion card
If you purchased an expansion card for your Macintosh, install it now. (See
Appendix B, “Installing an Expansion Card,” for instructions.)
If you don’t have to install an expansion card, go on to the next section,
“Connecting a Monitor.”
Connecting a monitor
You can connect many types of monitors (often called displays) to your
Macintosh computer, including most standard monitors. See the Technical
Information booklet that came with your computer for a complete list.
This section contains instructions on connecting most types of monitors. If
you are connecting a monitor from a manufacturer other than Apple, also
refer to the instructions that came with the monitor.
Connecting the monitor power cord
Monitors have two cords to connect: a power cord and a monitor cable. To
connect the monitor power cord, follow these steps:
1
Place the monitor next to the computer.
Keep these considerations in mind:
m Allow a few inches for air circulation around the computer and monitor.
m Make sure that the top of the screen is slightly below eye level when you’re
sitting at the keyboard.
m Position the monitor to minimize glare and reflections on the screen from
overhead lights and windows.
For further suggestions about locating your computer equipment, consult
“Arranging Your Office” in Appendix A (in the section on health-related
information).
4
Chapter 1
2
Connect the monitor power cord to the monitor.
On some monitors, the cord is already attached.
3
Plug in the monitor power cord.
Some monitor power cords are designed to plug into the back of your
computer.
Some monitor power cords must be connected to a grounded electrical outlet,
not to the computer. Check the information that came with the monitor.
Monitor power socket
Monitor power cord
Getting Started
5
Connecting the monitor cable
After you plug in the monitor power cord, you connect the monitor cable to
the computer’s monitor port.
To connect the monitor cable, follow these steps:
1
Attach the monitor cable to the monitor.
On some monitors, the cable is already attached.
2
Attach the monitor cable to the monitor port on the back panel of the computer.
See the information that came with the monitor to use its special features.
™ Monitor port
6
Chapter 1
Monitor cable
Connecting the mouse and keyboard
You have a choice of several keyboards for your Macintosh. The way you
connect the mouse and keyboard depends on whether the keyboard has a
separate cable or a built-in cable.
Connecting a keyboard with a built-in cable
1
Plug the mouse cable into the recessed port on the back of the keyboard.
The plug and the port are marked with the ◊ icon (symbol). The positions of
the port and icon on your keyboard may be different from those pictured.
By the way: A port marked with the ◊ icon is called an Apple Desktop Bus
(ADB) port.
Plug the mouse cable into the recessed port
on the keyboard. The flat part of the plug
should be pointing down, as shown here.
This cable plugs into the Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) port,
marked with the ◊ icon, on the back of the computer.
2
Plug the keyboard cable into the port marked with the ◊ icon on the back of
the computer.
Some monitors have a port to which you can connect the keyboard or mouse.
See the information that came with your monitor.
Getting Started
7
Connecting a keyboard with a separate cable
1
Plug the mouse cable into the port on either side of the keyboard.
Most right-handed people prefer to use the mouse with their right hand; most
left-handed people prefer to use their left hand. Plug the mouse into the port
on the side you prefer.
The plug and the port are marked with the ◊ icon (symbol). Align the
symbols before you insert the plug. (The positions of the port and icon on
your keyboard may be different from those pictured here.)
By the way: A port marked with the ◊ icon is called an Apple Desktop Bus
(ADB) port.
ADB icon
2
Plug the keyboard cable (both ends are the same) into the other port on the keyboard.
If you plugged the mouse cable in on the right, for example, plug the keyboard
cable in on the left.
3
Plug the keyboard cable into the port marked with the ◊ icon on the back of
the computer.
Some monitors have a port to which you can connect the keyboard or mouse.
See the information that came with your monitor.
8
Chapter 1
Connecting other equipment
If you are new to the Macintosh, it’s a good idea to get some experience using
your computer before you connect other equipment, such as a printer or
scanner. To learn basic Macintosh skills, continue with the instructions in
this chapter.
When you’re ready to connect other equipment to your Macintosh, see the
instructions in Chapter 3.
Turning the computer on
To turn on the computer for the first time, follow these steps:
1
Turn on your monitor.
See the information that came with your monitor for the location of the power
switch. On Apple monitors, the power switch is located on the front of the
unit.
By the way: When the monitor is plugged into the computer, you only need
to turn on the monitor once. From now on, the monitor will turn off
automatically when you shut down the computer, and it will turn on
automatically when you start up the computer. (If the monitor is not plugged
into the computer, it must be turned on separately each time you turn on the
computer.)
Getting Started
9
2
Turn on your computer by pressing the Power key on the keyboard or pressing the
power button on the front panel of the computer.
The Power key is marked with a triangle. Its location depends on which
keyboard you have.
You hear a tone from the computer as it starts up.
10
Chapter 1
3
Check to see what’s on your screen.
You’ll see a sequence of messages describing what is happening, followed by
the Energy Star dialog box.
m If you’re a beginning Macintosh user, press the Return key.
m If you’re an experienced Macintosh user, you may want to set your energysaving options now (refer to the “Power & Energy Saving” topic of
Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu, and “Saving Energy
With the Energy Saver Control Panel,” later in this chapter).
Getting Started
11
m If, when you press Return, you see the Macintosh desktop (shown here),
your system software is already set up correctly.
Hard disk icon
Macintosh desktop
Skip now to “What’s Next?”
m If you see a blinking question mark, see “Solutions to Common Problems”
in Chapter 6.
m If you see anything else on your screen, or if you see nothing at all, see the
section “Problems Turning Your Computer On?” next in this chapter.
Note: To save energy, your computer is automatically set to put itself to sleep
if you haven’t used it for 30 minutes or more (the screen dims). If your
computer attempts to go to sleep while you’re setting it up, simply press a key
on the keyboard to “wake it up.”
12
Chapter 1
Problems turning your computer on?
If you don’t see anything on the screen, check these items to see if you can
identify the problem:
m Is the computer plugged into a power source? If it is plugged into a power
strip, is the power strip turned on?
m Is the computer turned on? The power-on light on the front panel of the
computer should be on. If it isn’t on, press the power button, also on the
front panel.
m Are the keyboard and mouse cables connected correctly? (Don’t connect or
disconnect the keyboard or mouse cable while the computer is on. You
could damage your equipment.)
m Is the monitor power cord plugged in?
m Is the monitor cable attached firmly to both the monitor and computer?
m Is the monitor turned on? (Check the power-on light on the front of the
monitor.)
m Is the brightness control on the monitor adjusted correctly? (On most
monitors, the brightness control is marked with the symbol ¤.)
m Is the computer asleep? (Press a key on the keyboard to wake the computer.
It may take a moment or two for the computer to wake up.)
Getting Started
13
What’s next?
You’ve finished setting up your computer. Continue with one of the
following steps:
m If you are new to the Macintosh, turn to the next section, “Learning
the Basics.” When you’ve learned the basic Macintosh skills, turn to the
section, “Saving Energy With the Energy Saver Control Panel” to learn
how to set energy-saving options for your computer.
m If you are an experienced Macintosh user, turn to the section “Saving
Energy With the Energy Saver Control Panel,” later in this chapter, to
learn how to set energy-saving options for your computer. Then turn to
Chapter 2, “Getting Help,” to learn about Macintosh Guide, your main
source of information when you’re working with the Macintosh.
m If you want to connect additional equipment, such as a microphone, to your
computer, see Chapter 3, “Connecting Additional Equipment,” for
instructions.
m If you want to install application software on your computer, see Chapter 4,
“Installing and Using Application Programs.” You’ll need this information
to properly set up any software programs specifically designed for Power
Macintosh computers.
IMPORTANT If you need to turn off your computer at any point, please see
“Turning the Computer Off” later in this chapter. It is very important to use
the correct procedure for shutting down your Macintosh before turning it off.
14
Chapter 1
Learning the basics
If you are new to the Macintosh, you should begin by looking at the
easy-to-use program called the Macintosh Tutorial. The tutorial teaches you
the basic skills you’ll need to use your computer. To start the tutorial, follow
these steps:
1
Slide your mouse along your mouse pad or desk.
Hold the mouse as shown, with the cable pointing away from you. Rest the
heel of your palm on the desk and grasp the sides of the mouse between your
thumb and fingers. Use your wrist and fingers to slide the mouse around with
the index finger resting on the mouse button. Don’t press the mouse button
(under your index finger). Notice that the arrow (8) on the screen moves in
the same direction that you move the mouse.
Mouse button
If the arrow doesn’t move, make sure that the cables connecting the mouse
and keyboard are secure and that your mouse is positioned as shown in
the illustration.
2
Move the tip of the arrow (8) to the question mark (h) in the upper-right portion of
the screen.
If you run out of room on your mouse pad or desk while moving the mouse,
pick up the mouse and place it where there’s more room. (The arrow on the
screen moves only when the mouse is in contact with the mouse pad or desk.)
Getting Started
15
3
With the tip of the arrow on the question mark, press and hold down the mouse button.
A list of choices (called a menu) appears. This is the Guide (h) menu, which
is the place to go when you have a question about how to use your computer.
4
While holding down the mouse button, move the arrow until the words “Macintosh
Tutorial” are highlighted, then release the mouse button.
A window appears welcoming you to the tutorial. You can set this book aside
for now and follow the instructions on the screen. When you have completed
the tutorial, return to this book.
16
Chapter 1
Reviewing the basics
You can use the following illustrations to review the elements you use on your
screen to do work with your computer.
Icons
Menu
Window
Menus
The strip across the top of the screen is called the menu bar. The symbols and
words in it represent menus of commands. To open a menu, place the pointer
on the symbol or word for the menu and press the mouse button.
Guide menu
To find an answer to a question,
look in the Guide (h) menu.
Application menu
You can have several
application programs open
at once. To see which
program is active or to switch
from one program to another,
use this menu (called the
Application menu).
Getting Started
17
Icons
Icons are small pictures that represent disks, programs, documents and
folders. You can double-click any icon to open it and see what it contains.
This icon represents your computer’s internal hard disk.
Icons like this one represent application programs, which you use to create
documents and do other work.
Icons like this one represent documents, which you can create and edit.
Icons like this represent folders. A folder contains other icons.
To throw away an item you no longer want, drag it to the Trash icon and choose
Empty Trash from the Special menu.
Windows
Windows are boxes that display text, graphics, or icons. To change the shape
or position of a window, or to close the window, use the elements shown here.
Close box
To close a window,
click the close box.
Title bar
To move a window, drag it by the middle of the title
bar (anywhere in the bar except the small boxes).
Scroll arrow
To bring hidden portions
of a window’s contents into
view, click one of the four
scroll arrows.
To bring a partially
covered window
to the front, click
anywhere in it.
18
Chapter 1
Size box
To change the shape or size of
a window, drag the size box.
Saving energy with the Energy Saver control panel
When you save energy, you save natural resources and reduce pollution. Your
Power Macintosh contains features that automatically save energy. You can
increase the energy savings by using the Energy Saver control panel to turn
your computer off if you won’t be using it for a while—for example, overnight
or over the weekend.
The Energy Star dialog box (shown in step 3 of “Turning the Computer On”
earlier in this chapter) appears every time you start your computer until you
open the Energy Saver control panel. Once you you open the control panel,
you can keep the pre-set options shown there, or set your own energy-saving
options. If you do not want to set your energy-saving options when the
Energy Star dialog box is displayed, you can click Close Message or press
Return (the Energy Star dialog box continues to appear when you start your
computer).
Setting energy-saving options
You can get to the Energy Saver control panel by clicking Specify Settings in
the Energy Star dialog box that appears when you start your computer or by
choosing Control Panels in the Apple (K) menu.
The Energy Saver control panel displays the options you can accept or
change. For more information on using the Energy Saver control panel, see
the “Power & Energy Saving” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the
Guide (h) menu.
Getting Started
19
Putting your computer to sleep
Your Power Macintosh is pre-set to put itself to sleep after 30 minutes of
inactivity. When your computer goes to sleep, the screen dims to save energy
and to prevent images from “burning” into the screen. You do not lose any of
the information you were working on even if you did not save it before the
computer went to sleep.
To put your computer to sleep immediately, press the Power key on the
keyboard or choose the Sleep command from the Special menu. You can set
sleep options using the Energy Saver control panel, available under Control
Panels in the Apple (K) menu.
Waking your computer from sleep
To wake the computer from sleep, press a key on the keyboard. (It may take a
moment or two for the computer to awaken.) The documents and application
programs you had open when the computer went into sleep are still open and
unsaved changes are preserved.
Accessing a sleeping computer over a network
If your computer is being used as a server, other users can still access it over
a network while it is asleep. (The network connection does not have to be
established before the computer goes to sleep.) You can set server options in
the Energy Saver control panel.
Scheduling automatic startup and shutdown
You can set your computer to start up and shut down at specified times using
the Energy Saver control panel. For information on using the Energy Saver
control panel, see the “Power & Energy Saving” topic of Macintosh Guide,
available in the Guide (h) menu.
20
Chapter 1
Turning the computer off
Using the Power key
To turn the computer off using the Power key on the keyboard, follow these
instructions:
1
If the computer is in sleep, press the Power key (or any other key on the keyboard except
Caps Lock) to wake it.
For information on the sleep feature of your Macintosh see “Saving Energy
With the Energy Saver Control Panel” earlier in this chapter.
2
Press and hold the Power key on the keyboard for about 2 seconds.
The following dialog box appears on the screen:
3
Press the Return key on the keyboard (or click the Shut Down button in the dialog box).
Getting Started
21
Using the Shut Down command
You can also turn your computer off by using the Shut Down command in the
Special menu. Follow these steps:
1
If the computer is in sleep, press the Power key (or any key on the keyboard except Caps
Lock) to wake it.
2
Move the tip of the arrow to the word “Special” at the top center of the screen.
If the word “Special” does not appear in the menu bar at the top of the
screen, you’re not working in the Finder, the program you need to be in when
you shut down your computer. Choose Finder from the Application menu
(at the far right of the menu bar). Then try step 2 again.
22
Chapter 1
3
With the tip of the arrow on the word Special, press and hold down the mouse button.
4
While holding down the mouse button, move the arrow until the words “Shut Down” are
highlighted, then release the button.
Trouble? If a problem with the computer prevents you from using the Power
key on the keyboard or choosing Shut Down—for example, if the computer
“freezes” so that the pointer does not respond to the mouse—you can turn off
the computer by pressing the power button on the front of the computer. Use
this method only if you cannot choose Shut Down or Restart (when you press
the Power key on the keyboard, or when you open the Special menu).
IMPORTANT You could lose unsaved work if you use the power button on the
front of the computer to turn off your computer. Only use the power button
when there is a problem that prevents the computer from being turned off
with the Power key on the keyboard or the Shut Down command. To make
sure your work is saved, use the Power key on the keyboard or the Shut Down
command.
To turn the computer on again, just press the Power key on the keyboard.
Getting Started
23
Where to find answers
When you have questions about using your Macintosh, there are several
places you can look for answers.
In this book
Power Mac
intosh
User’s Guid
e
Use this book to help you set up your computer and learn about it,
or to find solutions to problems with your equipment.
In the Guide menu
The Guide menu (marked with the h icon) is your main source
of information about the Macintosh. To learn how to get different
kinds of help from the Guide menu, see Chapter 2 in this book.
In other manuals
For answers to questions about other equipment or about
application programs you have purchased, see the manuals
that came with the equipment or programs.
In the About Apple Extras file
The Apple Extras folder on your hard disk contains a SimpleText
document called About Apple Extras (often called a “Read Me” file)
with important information about some of the application programs
included with your computer. Read Me files can also be found
inside application folders.
From Apple’s customer support hotline
If you can’t find an answer in any of the materials provided, call the
customer support hotline. (The phone number for the hotline is in
the service and support information that came with your computer.)
24
Chapter 1
If you have problems with a particular application program, contact the
manufacturer of the program. Refer to the section “Obtaining Updated Apple
Software,” in Chapter 6 for information about getting updated Apple software.
Refer to “Ask Apple Online Technical Support” in the same section of
Chapter 6 for information about getting answers to your computer questions
using eWorld.
Getting Started
25
Use the instructions in this
chapter to learn about the help
available to you in the Guide menu.
2
Getting Help
The Guide menu is your main source of information when you’re working
with your computer. The menu is identified by a question mark (h) in the
upper-right corner of the screen.
27
Getting answers to your questions
When you have a question while working with your computer, you can get the
answer by choosing Macintosh Guide from the Guide (h) menu.
1
Pull down the Application menu (in the upper-right corner of the screen) and choose
Finder to make it the active application program.
A checkmark in the menu indicates that the Finder is the active program.
2
Pull down the Guide menu (marked with the h icon) and choose Macintosh Guide.
The Macintosh Guide window appears.
Whenever you use Macintosh Guide, its window remains in front of other
windows. If the window gets in your way, you can move it by dragging its
title bar (the gray bar across the top of the window).
28
Chapter 2
3
Notice the three buttons at the top of the window: Topics, Index, and Look For.
Macintosh Guide gives you three ways of finding information:
m Topics lets you choose from a list of general subjects; it is like the table of
contents in a book.
m Index lets you choose from an alphabetical list of more specific subjects; it
is like the index in a book.
m Look For lets you search for information related to a specific word or phrase
that you type.
In the following sections you will practice using each method.
If you have problems while using Macintosh Guide, see “Tips for Using
Macintosh Guide,” at the end of this section.
Getting answers with the Topics button
1
In the Macintosh Guide window, click the Topics button.
A list of general topics appears on the left side of the Macintosh Guide
window. (Depending on the hardware and software you have, the list of topics
may look different.)
Getting Help
29
2
Click “Setting Options” in the list of topics.
When you click any topic area, a list of related questions appears on the right
side of the Macintosh Guide window.
To get instructions,
click a question…
…and then click OK.
3
Click the question “How do I set the time and date?” and then click OK. Or double-click
the question.
A small window appears with instructions for you to follow.
If you want to
return to the main
Macintosh Guide
window, click this
Topics button. (On
some computers, it
says “Topics.”)
4
Click here to see the next
step (if there is one).
Read and follow the instructions in this window.
Macintosh Guide provides step-by-step instructions to answer the question
you selected. When you have completed each step, click the right arrow in the
lower-right corner to see the next step.
5
When you have completed all the steps, click the Topics (or h) button in the lower-left
corner to return to the main Macintosh Guide window.
Now continue with the next section.
30
Chapter 2
Getting answers with the Index button
1
In the Macintosh Guide window, click the Index button.
An alphabetical list of subjects appears on the left side of the window.
Slider
Scroll bar
2
Scroll through the alphabetical list until the phrase “background pattern” is visible.
You can scroll through the list either by dragging the slider to the letter B or
by using the scroll bar at the right of the list.
3
Click the phrase “background pattern” in the alphabetical list.
When you click any index entry, a list of related questions appears on the
right side of the Macintosh Guide window.
To get instructions,
click a question…
…and then click OK.
Getting Help
31
4
Click the question “How do I change the background pattern?” and then click OK. Or
double-click the question.
A small window appears with instructions for you to follow.
If you want to
return to the main
Macintosh Guide
window, click this
Topics button. (On
some computers, it
says “Topics.”)
5
Click here to see the next
step (if there is one).
Read and follow the instructions in the window.
Macintosh Guide provides step-by-step instructions to answer the question
you selected. When you have completed each step, click the right arrow in the
lower-right corner to see the next step.
6
When you have completed all the steps, click the Topics (or h) button in the lower-left
corner to return to the main Macintosh Guide window.
Now continue with the next section.
32
Chapter 2
Getting answers with the Look For button
1
In the Macintosh Guide window, click the Look For button.
A small box appears on the left side of the window, where you can type text.
To activate the text
box, click here.
Type a word or
phrase
…and then click here.
2
Click the arrow button to activate the text box.
3
Type “trash” in the text box and then click Search.
When you click Search, a list of questions related to the word or phrase you
typed appears on the right side of the Macintosh Guide window.
To get instructions,
click a question…
…and then click OK.
Getting Help
33
4
Click the question “How do I turn off the Empty Trash warning?” and then click OK. Or
double-click the question.
A small window appears with instructions for you to follow.
If you want to close
Macintosh Guide,
click here.
Click here to see the next
step (if there is one).
5
Read and follow the instructions in the window.
Macintosh Guide provides step-by-step instructions to answer the question
you selected. When you have completed each step, click the right arrow in the
lower-right corner to display the next step.
6
34
Chapter 2
When you have completed all the steps, click the close box in the upper-left corner to
close Macintosh Guide.
Tips for using Macintosh Guide
Here are a few tips for using Macintosh Guide effectively:
m Macintosh Guide is available only when you are in the Finder—the
desktop area where you can see the icons of disks, folders, and files.
(Other programs may also have help available in the Guide menu,
however.) If you don’t see Macintosh Guide in the Guide menu, pull
down the Application menu (to the right of the Guide menu) and
choose Finder.
m Follow the steps when you’re instructed to; don’t skip ahead or read
ahead. That way the computer can check to make sure you’ve done a
step correctly.
m Unlike most windows, the Macintosh Guide window stays in front of
other windows on the screen so that your instructions are never
covered. If you need to move the Guide window out of the way, drag
it by the title bar at the top of the window.
You can also move the window out of the way by clicking the zoom
box. Click the box once to shrink the window; click it a second time
to expand the window to its original size.
m If you need more information about an instruction or a term, click the
button labeled “Huh?” to get further explanation. (The “Huh?” button
is dimmed when no additional information is available.)
m If you want to return to the main Macintosh Guide window, click the
Topics (or h) button in the lower-left corner of the Guide window.
m When you’re finished using Macintosh Guide, click the close box in
the upper-left corner of the window.
Close box
Title bar
Zoom box
Right arrow
Topics button
(On some computers,
it says “Topics.”)
“Huh?” button
Getting Help
35
Identifying objects on the screen
Sometimes you’ll see an unfamiliar item on the screen and ask yourself,
“What’s that?” You can get an answer by using a Macintosh feature known as
Balloon Help.
Balloon Help explains the function of icons, menus, commands, and other
items on the Macintosh screen in balloons like those you see in comic strips.
Follow these steps to use Balloon Help:
1
Pull down the Guide menu (marked with the h icon) and choose Show Balloons.
2
Point to any object on the screen that you want to identify.
A balloon appears next to the object. In the following illustration, for
example, pointing to the Trash displays a balloon that explains how to use the
Trash to throw items away.
Although balloons appear next to items when you point to them, the way
you work does not change; you can still select icons, choose commands, and
so on.
3
36
Chapter 2
When you’re finished using Balloon Help, choose Hide Balloons from the Guide menu.
Learning useful shortcuts
You can perform many tasks in the Finder more quickly if you use keyboard
or mouse shortcuts. For example, instead of clicking an icon and choosing
Open from the File menu, you can simply double-click the icon to open it.
Follow these steps to learn keyboard and mouse shortcuts:
1
Pull down the Guide menu (marked with the h icon) and choose Shortcuts.
The main Macintosh Shortcuts window appears.
2
Click one of the category buttons.
Another window appears, describing shortcuts for that category.
If you want to
close the window,
click here.
Click the Topics
button to return to the
main Macintosh
Shortcuts window for
more categories.
(On some computers,
it says “Topics.”)
Click here to see the next
window (if there is one).
Getting Help
37
3
Read about the shortcuts available for the category you selected.
Click the right arrow in the lower-right corner of the window to display the
next window (if there is one).
4
38
Chapter 2
When you finish reading about the shortcuts for your category, click the Topics (or h)
button in the lower-left corner to return to the main Macintosh Shortcuts window. Or
click the close box in the upper-left corner to close the window.
Read this chapter for information on
expanding your computer system
with additional hardware.
3
Connecting Additional Equipment
Your computer at a glance
The illustration on the next page shows a basic Power Macintosh system,
ready to use. (Remember that your monitor and keyboard may appear slightly
different from the ones pictured here, depending on what you purchased.)
You can also expand your computer system by connecting other equipment to
it. The illustration of your Power Macintosh system shows where equipment
should be connected to your Macintosh.
For instructions on connecting audio equipment or SCSI devices, refer to the
next two sections of this chapter. For instructions on connecting other
equipment, such as a CD-ROM drive, see the manual that came with the
equipment.
IMPORTANT Make sure each device you add is compatible with your computer
and does not exceed the maximum power allowance for that device. If it is a
SCSI or ADB device, make sure to turn off your computer before connecting
the device. For further information, consult your Apple-authorized dealer, the
manufacturer of the component you want to add, or the Technical Information
booklet that came with your computer.
39
Microphone
(optional)
Speaker
CD-ROM drive
(optional)
Monitor
CD-ROM drive
Open/Close button
Floppy disk drive
P Power key
Use this key
to turn your
computer on
and off.
Hard disk drive
(internal)
Power-on light
A green light
indicates that the
computer is on.
Power button
Keyboard
Mouse
Your computer’s ports and connectors
SCSI port
g
Connects your Macintosh to SCSI equipment such as external
hard disk drives and scanners.
Ethernet port (AAUI)
G
Connects your Macintosh to a high-speed Ethernet network
using an adapter.
Ethernet port (10BASE-T)
G
Connects your Macintosh to a high-speed 10BASE-T Ethernet
network.
Modem port (GeoPort)
W
Connects an external modem, GeoPort Adapter, or LocalTalk
cable to your Macintosh.
Printer port (GeoPort)
[
Connects your Macintosh to a printer, LocalTalk network or
GeoPort Adapter.
Sound input port
≈
Connects your Macintosh to an Apple PlainTalk microphone or
other audio input equipment.
Sound output port
-
Connects your Macintosh to headphones, externally powered
(amplified) speakers, or other audio output equipment.
S-video ports
(IN and OUT)
40
Chapter 3
æÆ
Connects your Macintosh to VCRs, laserdisc players, video
cameras, or other video equipment that uses an S-video
connector.
g SCSI port
≤ Power socket
Monitor power socket
G Ethernet port (AAUI)
™ Monitor port
G Ethernet port (10BASE-T)
V Apple Desktop Bus
(ADB) port
W Modem port (GeoPort)
- Audio input ports
(left & right)
[ Printer port (GeoPort)
- Audio output ports
≈ Sound input port
(left & right)
Access covers for
expansion slots (3)
- Sound output port
æ Æ S-video ports (IN and OUT)
F Security lock ports
˜ Â Composite video ports (IN and OUT)
™
V
Connects a monitor to your Macintosh.
Audio input ports
(left & right)
-
Connects your Macintosh to the RCA-type audio output ports
of video or audio equipment such as VCRs and tape decks.
Audio output ports
(left & right)
-
Connects your Macintosh to the RCA-type audio input ports of
video or audio equipment such as VCRs and tape decks.
Monitor port
Apple desktop bus
(ADB) port
Access covers for
expansion slots (3)
Security lock ports
Composite video ports
(IN and OUT)
Connects your Macintosh to an input device, such as a
keyboard or a trackball.
Your Macintosh supports up to three Peripheral Component
Interconnect (PCI) cards.
F
˜Â
You can attach a security lock to your Macintosh. See your
computer products retailer for security lock devices that work
with your computer.
Connects your Macintosh to most VCRs, laserdisc players,
video cameras, and other video equipment.
Connecting Additional Equipment
41
About your computer’s A/V panel
The back of your computer has an A/V panel with ports that allow you to
connect a variety of audio and video input and output devices.
˜ Composite video input port
Connects your Macintosh to the
RCA-type Video Out port of most
VCRs, laserdisc players, video cameras,
and other video input equipment
æ S-video input port
Connects your Macintosh
to the S-video Out port
of VCRs, laserdisc players,
video cameras, or other
video input equipment that
uses an S-video connector
Æ S-video output port
Connects your Macintosh to the S-video In
port of VCRs, or other video recording or
video display equipment that uses an
S-video connector
- Audio input ports (left & right)
Connect your Macintosh to the
RCA-type Audio Out ports of
video or audio equipment such
as VCRs and tape decks
- Audio output ports
(left & right)
Connect your Macintosh
to the RCA-type Audio In
ports of video or audio
equipment such as VCRs
and tape decks
 Composite video output port
Connects your Macintosh to the
RCA-type Video In port of most
VCRs, or other video recording or
video display equipment
Connecting audio equipment
Your Macintosh can play and record stereo sound from a variety of sources.
You can listen to or reproduce stereo sound by connecting audio equipment to
the sound input and output ports on the computer. If you have an internal
CD-ROM drive, you can also use your computer to play and record sound
from audio compact discs (CDs).
Use the Sound & Displays control panel, available under Control Panels in the
Apple (K) menu, to set up sound options. For further information on using
Macintosh system software to choose audio input and output options, record
an alert sound, or play audio CDs, see the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide,
available in the Guide (h) menu.
42
Chapter 3
About your computer’s sound ports
The sound input port is marked with an icon of a microphone. The sound
output port is marked with an icon of a speaker.
Sound input port
Sound output port
The computer’s sound ports accept these 3.5 mm connectors:
Stereo miniplug
Extended miniplug
The smaller connector (a “stereo miniplug”) is found most often on stereo
equipment. The slightly longer connector is found on the Apple PlainTalk
Microphone and other voice quality microphones. If your equipment has a
different type of connector, you can purchase an adapter at an electronics
supply store.
Connecting Additional Equipment
43
Your computer also has ports that accept left and right audio input and output
through RCA-type connectors. These connectors are found on devices like
VCRs and tape decks. (See the previous section, “About Your Computer’s A/V
Panel,” for more information on the types of equipment you can attach to
these ports.)
RCA-type plug
Connecting most audio equipment
To play or record sound with your Macintosh, you can attach a microphone,
amplifier, tape recorder, headphones, or a pair of speakers. (When you have
headphones connected, you don’t hear beeps or other computer noises
through the built-in speaker.)
For specific instructions on connecting a microphone, skip to the next
section, “Connecting and Positioning a Microphone.” For specific instructions
on connecting speakers, see “Connecting External Stereo Speakers” later in
this chapter.
Follow these steps to connect most audio equipment to the Macintosh:
1
Make sure that the audio equipment has a cable with a stereo miniplug connector or two
RCA-type connectors.
RCA
Stereo miniplug
RCA
2
44
Chapter 3
RCA
Place the audio equipment near the Macintosh.
3
Shut down the Macintosh and turn off the audio equipment.
4
Attach the cable to the audio equipment and to the appropriate sound or audio port on
the Macintosh.
To hear or record incoming sound on the computer using a cable with a stereo
miniplug, connect the audio equipment to the sound input port (X). If you’re
using a cable with two RCA-type connectors, connect the audio equipment to
the right and left audio input ports (-) on the A/V panel, described in
“About Your Computer’s A/V Panel” earlier in this chapter.
To record the sound produced by the computer or play that sound through
external speakers using a cable with a stereo miniplug, connect the audio
equipment to the sound output port (-) described in “About Your Computer’s
Sound Ports” earlier in this section. If you’re using a cable with two
RCA-type connectors, connect the audio equipment to the right and left
audio output ports (-) on the A/V panel, described in “About Your
Computer’s A/V Panel” earlier in this chapter.
5
Turn on the computer and the audio equipment.
You’re now ready to begin listening to and working with sound. For more
information on working with sound, see the “Sound” topic of Macintosh
Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
Connecting and positioning a microphone
With appropriate software, you can use the Apple PlainTalk Microphone that
comes with some Macintosh computers (or a compatible line-level
microphone) to give spoken commands to your Macintosh and to record your
voice or other sounds.
Apple PlainTalk Microphone
Connecting Additional Equipment
45
Do not use the round omnidirectional microphone supplied with some other
Macintosh models.
Follow these steps to connect and position the microphone:
1
Shut down the Macintosh.
2
Plug the microphone’s connector into the sound input port (X) on the back of the
computer.
3
Place the microphone at the top center of the monitor, so that the microphone’s
Apple (K) icon is facing you.
If you can’t place the microphone on top of the monitor, position the
microphone according to these guidelines:
m The microphone should be between 1 and 3 feet away from you.
m The microphone should be directly in front of you to minimize the
effect of background noises.
4
Turn on the computer.
You’re now ready to begin using your microphone.
To install software that enables you to give spoken commands to the
computer, get computer-voice feedback to your spoken commands, and have
the computer read text to you, see Chapter 4.
For further instructions on how to use speech software, see the “Speech” topic
of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
46
Chapter 3
Connecting external stereo speakers
You can take advantage of your computer’s stereo sound output by attaching
externally powered (amplified) speakers.
1
Assemble the speakers and the cable you need.
You need a cable with stereo miniplugs at each end to connect one or both
speakers to the computer. (Some speakers require a dual-plug adapter.
Others, like those shown in the next illustration, accept a single stereo
miniplug and are joined by standard speaker wires.) You can also use a cable
with RCA-style connectors.
2
Turn off the Macintosh.
3
Plug a stereo miniplug into the sound output port (-) on the Macintosh.
If you’re using a cable with RCA-style connectors, you should plug them into
the left and right audio output ports on the A/V panel instead.
4
Plug a stereo miniplug into the Audio In port on one of the speakers.
If the speakers take a dual-plug cable, connect both plugs.
5
Connect the speakers together with speaker wires, if necessary.
Your finished connections should look something like this:
- Sound
output
port
Externally
powered
speakers
Audio In port
Connecting Additional Equipment
47
6
Turn on the computer.
Now you hear the computer’s sound through the external speakers. (You may
also need to set options in the Sound & Displays control panel in order to
hear sound through your speakers. Refer to the “Sound” topic of Macintosh
Guide, available in the Guide [h] menu for more information.)
Note: To control the volume of your external speakers, use the Sound &
Displays control panel to control volume and to set other options for playing
sound through the external speakers. If you are playing an audio CD, you
may also need to adjust the volume control in the program you’re using to
play CDs.
Connecting video equipment
You can connect video equipment to your Power Macintosh so that you can
display, edit, and store video images on the computer. You can also view or
record the computer’s images on a television or videocassette recorder (VCR).
In this section you will learn to
m connect video equipment for input, so that you can view video on your
monitor, capture single video images, or save digitized video in files
m connect video equipment for output, so that you can display or record
images or sound from the computer
Your Power Macintosh can display and use video images from a variety of
sources. To view video on your monitor, you connect video equipment to the
video input port on the computer. To display or record the computer’s output
on videotape, you connect video equipment to the video output port.
Your Macintosh can work with two major video formats:
m S-video
m composite video
S-video is a high-quality video format used by many video cameras and
VCRs. Most televisions, most VCRs, and laserdisc players use the composite
format. To find out which format your equipment uses, check the manual that
came with your equipment.
48
Chapter 3
S-video connectors
The S-video connector is a round plug with several small metal pins. You can
plug this type of connector into your computer’s S-video input or output port.
S-video connector
IMPORTANT The S-video connector resembles other Macintosh connectors,
such as those for a printer, modem, mouse, or keyboard. Don’t confuse the
connectors; they’re not interchangeable.
Composite video connectors
Many video devices use composite video format instead of S-video. The
cables for these devices have RCA-type connectors (plugs).
RCA-type plug
Connect the RCA connectors to the appropriate composite video port (input
or output) on the A/V panel on the back of your computer.
Connecting Additional Equipment
49
Connecting video equipment for input to the computer
When you connect video equipment to the Power Macintosh, you can view
video on the computer, capture video images, and hear the sound from the
video equipment through the computer’s speaker. The instructions that follow
are for connecting a stereo VCR and video camera, but you can use them as a
model for connecting your computer to any video equipment.
Connecting a VCR or video camera for input
Before you start, do the following:
m Make sure that the VCR or camera has either a composite video
(RCA-type) port or an S-video port.
m Place the VCR or camera near the Macintosh.
m Shut down the Macintosh and turn off the VCR or camera.
Then follow these steps:
1
Assemble the cables you need to connect the VCR or camera to the Macintosh.
Depending on what kind of ports your VCR or camera has, you’ll need
different cables (available at an electronics supply store).
m If your equipment has an S-video port, you’ll need the following cables:
Video cable with S-video connectors at each end.
S-video
S-video
Audio cable with dual RCA connectors (plugs) at each end.
RCA
RCA
m If your equipment has a composite video port (for an RCA-type port),
you’ll need an all-in-one cable (three joined cables—one video and two
audio) with RCA-type connectors at each end. (The red connector is for
the right audio port, the white connector is for the left audio port, and the
yellow connector is for composite video.)
RCA
50
Chapter 3
RCA
2
Attach one end of the video cable to the Video Out port on the VCR or camera.
Follow the directions that came with the VCR or camera.
3
Plug the other end of the video cable into either the S-video input port (æ) or the
composite video input port (˜) on the Macintosh.
If the connector doesn’t slide easily into the port, realign it and try again.
Don’t use force, which could damage the computer or cable.
4
Plug the RCA connectors on the audio cable into the left and right Audio Out ports on
the VCR or camera.
5
Plug the RCA connectors on the audio cable into the left and right audio input ports (-)
on the computer.
The following illustrations show S-video connections and composite video
connections for both a VCR and a camera. Your finished connections should
look like one of the following:
S-video connection for input from a VCR
æ S-video input
port
- Audio input
ports
(left and right)
S-video Out
port
S-video cable
Audio Out ports
(left and right)
VCR
Dual RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
Connecting Additional Equipment
51
Composite video connection for input from a VCR
˜ Composite video
input port
- Audio input
ports
(left and right)
Video Out
port
Audio Out ports
(left and right)
VCR
Triple RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
S-video connection for input from a camera
- Audio input ports (left and right)
æ S-video input
port
S-video Out port
S-video cable
Dual RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
52
Chapter 3
Audio Out ports
(left and right)
Composite video connection for input from a camera
˜ Composite video
input port
- Audio input
ports
(left and right)
Video Out port
Audio Out ports
(left and right)
Triple RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
6
Turn on the computer and the VCR or camera.
You can now begin working with the video equipment connected to your
Macintosh. For instructions on how to view video images, capture frames,
and use video in other ways, see the “Video” topic of Macintosh Guide,
available in the Guide (h) menu.
Connecting Additional Equipment
53
Connecting video equipment for output from the computer
You can deliver and record a sophisticated presentation by combining the
video and sound capabilities of your Macintosh. The steps that follow explain
how to set up equipment for recording the computer’s output on videotape.
Before you start, do the following:
m Make sure that the VCR has either a composite video (RCA-type) port or
an S-video port.
m Place the VCR near the Macintosh.
m Shut down the Macintosh and turn off the VCR.
Then follow these steps:
1
Assemble the VCR and cables you need.
Depending on what kind of ports your VCR has, you’ll need different cables
(available at an electronics supply store).
m If your equipment has S-video ports, you’ll need the following cables:
Video cable with S-video connectors at each end
S-video
S-video
Audio cable with dual RCA connectors (plugs) at both ends.
RCA
RCA
m If your equipment has a composite video (RCA-type) port, you’ll need
an all-in-one cable (three joined cables—one video and two audio) with
RCA-type connectors at each end. (The red connector is for the right audio
port, the white connector is for the left audio port, and the yellow
connector is for composite video.)
RCA
54
Chapter 3
RCA
2
Attach one end of the video cable to the Video In port on the VCR.
Follow the directions that came with the VCR.
3
Plug the other end of the video cable into either the S-video output port (Æ) or the
composite video output port (Â) on the Macintosh.
If the connector doesn’t slide easily into the port, realign it and try again.
Don’t use force, which could damage the computer or cable.
4
Plug the dual RCA plugs on the audio cable into the left and right Audio In ports on
the VCR.
5
Plug the RCA connectors on the audio cable into the left and right audio input ports (-)
on the Macintosh.
Depending on whether your equipment has S-video or composite video
(RCA-type) ports, your finished connections should look like one of the
following:
S-video connection for output from the computer
Æ S-video output
port
- Audio output
ports
(left and right)
Audio In ports
(left and right)
S-video In
port
S-video cable
VCR
Dual RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
Connecting Additional Equipment
55
Composite video connection for output from the computer
 Composite video
output port
- Audio output
ports
(left and right)
Video In
port
Audio In ports
(left and right)
VCR
Triple RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
6
Turn on the computer and the VCR.
7
Select “line input” on your VCR.
See the manual that came with your VCR for instructions on how to select
the line input source.
For further instructions on how to record the computer’s output on videotape
and add voice annotation, see the “Video” topic of Macintosh Guide, available
in the Guide (h) menu.
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Chapter 3
Using a television as a monitor
You can connect a television directly to the computer’s S-video or composite
video output port and display the computer’s images on the television. This
capability is especially useful if you’re using your Macintosh to give a
presentation and you have access to a large-screen television.
Depending on the type of connectors your equipment has (S-video or
composite video), your connection should look similar to one of the
following:
Television used as a monitor with an S-video connection
Æ S-video output
port
- Audio output
ports
(left and right)
S-video In
port
Audio In ports
(left and right)
TV
S-video cable
Dual RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
Television used as a monitor with a composite video connection
 Composite video
output port
- Audio output
ports
(left and right)
Video In
port
Audio In ports
(left and right)
TV
Triple RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
Continue reading this section if you have less than 4 MB V.
For further instructions on using a television as a monitor, see the “Video”
topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
Connecting Additional Equipment
57
IMPORTANT You can use a television as a monitor on any model of Power
Macintosh 8500. Some models, however, cannot display the desktop
simultaneously on both a television and a computer monitor plugged into the
computer’s monitor port. If your computer is equipped with 4 megabytes
(MB) of video random access memory (VRAM), you can view the desktop on
both the monitor and the television. If your computer is equipped with 2 MB
of VRAM, you can switch between the monitor and television, but you can’t
view the desktop on both at the same time.
For information on installing more VRAM, see the technical information
booklet that came with your computer.
If your computer has 2 MB of VRAM, the following tips will help you use a
television as a monitor.
m If you want to use a television as the only monitor attached to your
computer (that is, if you have nothing attached to the computer’s monitor
port), plug the television into either the composite video output port or the
S-video output port, as shown in the illustrations earlier in this section.
(Be sure that the computer is turned off before you plug the television into
the appropriate port.) Turn on the television and then start up the computer.
The desktop appears on the television.
m If you have both a television and a monitor attached to your computer, the
desktop appears on the monitor and the television is dimmed or black. To
switch to the television, shut down and turn off the computer and then
unplug the monitor from the computer’s monitor port. Start up the
computer. The desktop now appears on the television screen.
m If you have been using a television as your only monitor, and you want to
add a monitor, shut down and turn off the computer and then plug the
monitor into the computer’s monitor port. (For more detailed instructions,
see Chapter 1 of this manual.) Start up the computer. The desktop now
appears on the monitor; the television screen is dimmed or black.
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Chapter 3
Connecting external SCSI devices
Your computer has a port for connecting devices that use the Small Computer
System Interface (SCSI, pronounced “skuh-zee”). The SCSI port permits
high-speed communication between the computer and the device. The SCSI
icon appears above the port on the computer’s back panel.
SCSI icon
SCSI port
You can connect SCSI devices to the SCSI port in a chain. The first device in
the chain plugs into the SCSI port; the second device plugs into the first
device, and so on. SCSI devices commonly used with the Macintosh include
hard disk drives, CD-ROM drives, scanners, some printers, and tape or
cartridge backup drives.
You can attach up to seven external SCSI devices to the SCSI port. However,
if you have a second internal hard disk connected to this SCSI chain you can
attach only six external SCSI devices to the port. All SCSI devices connected
to this chain must have their own unique ID number.
Note: In addition to the external SCSI port, your computer has a second,
internal SCSI connection. The internal hard disk drive that came with the
computer is connected to this internal SCSI interface. If your computer came
with a CD-ROM drive, it is also attached to the internal SCSI interface. An
authorized Apple dealer or service provider can attach additional devices to
the internal SCSI interface. For more information about the SCSI interfaces,
see the Technical Information booklet that came with your computer.
All devices on the same SCSI chain must have unique ID numbers, but
devices on different SCSI chains may use the same SCSI ID number. (For
example, you could have a CD-ROM drive with ID number 3 connected to the
internal SCSI chain and a tape drive with ID number 3 connected to the
external SCSI chain.)
IMPORTANT “Before You Connect a Device” and “Connecting a SCSI Device,”
both later in this chapter, contain general instructions for attaching SCSI
devices to your computer. Be sure also to follow the specific instructions that
came with your external hard disk drive or other SCSI device when
connecting the device to your Macintosh.
Connecting Additional Equipment
59
Before you connect a device
Before you connect a SCSI device to your Macintosh, be sure to complete
these tasks:
m Make sure each SCSI device connected to your Macintosh has its own,
unique ID number from 0 to 6 (or from 1 to 6 if you have a second internal
hard disk connected to the external SCSI chain). See the instructions that
came with each SCSI device for information on checking and setting its
SCSI ID number.
IMPORTANT If you use two or more devices attached to the same SCSI
interface with the same ID number, your equipment could malfunction and
you could lose data as a result.
m Make sure you have the appropriate cable for attaching the SCSI device to
your Macintosh.
If the device is the first or only one you’re connecting, use a SCSI system
cable to connect it to the computer’s SCSI port:
SCSI system cable
If the device is not the first one, use a SCSI peripheral interface cable to
connect it to the last device in the chain:
SCSI peripheral interface cable
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Chapter 3
IMPORTANT The total length of the cables in a SCSI chain should not exceed
6 meters (20 feet). SCSI cables must have a 110-ohm impedance. For best
results, use SCSI cables manufactured by Apple Computer.
m Make sure that the last (or only) device in the SCSI chain has a terminator.
Make sure that no other external SCSI device has a terminator.
To ensure accurate transmission of information, a terminator must be at
each end of a SCSI chain. Your internal hard disk, which is the first device
in the chain, has a built-in terminator.
Some external SCSI devices from manufacturers other than Apple have
built-in terminators. (Check the information that came with the device.) If
the device at the end of the SCSI chain does not have a built-in terminator,
you need to attach an external terminator.
SCSI terminator
If your SCSI device has a built-in terminator, you may choose to use it as
your first or last device in the chain, or you may have your Apple-authorized
service provider remove any extra built-in terminators. You can attach or
remove external terminators yourself.
Connecting Additional Equipment
61
Connecting a SCSI device
Use these general instructions in conjunction with the instructions that came
with your SCSI device:
1
Turn off your Macintosh.
2
Make sure the SCSI device is switched off.
WARNING Do not connect or disconnect any device while the device or
your Macintosh is turned on. Doing so could damage the device, your
computer, or both.
3
Use a SCSI cable to connect the device either to the computer’s SCSI port or to the last
SCSI device already in the chain.
4
Turn on all devices in your SCSI chain.
IMPORTANT Always turn on any external SCSI devices connected to your
Macintosh before turning on the computer itself. Otherwise, your computer
won’t be able to recognize that the SCSI devices are connected to it and your
computer may not be able to start.
5
Install any necessary device drivers (software that makes a device work with your
computer).
Drivers needed for a SCSI device usually come on a floppy disk with the
device. (If no drivers come with the device, contact the device manufacturer.)
Note: If you experience problems after connecting a SCSI device, see the
troubleshooting information in Chapter 6 for possible solutions.
Expanding memory
The random-access memory (RAM) in your computer can be expanded.
Installing additional RAM adds more memory chips to your computer and
expands its capabilities. The Technical Information booklet that came with
your computer describes how much additional memory can be installed in
your Power Macintosh.
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Chapter 3
Memory for your computer is provided in packages called Dual Inline
Memory Modules (DIMMs). Adding dynamic random-access memory
(DRAM) DIMMs increases your computer’s memory. The DIMMs must be
the correct type for your computer, and can be installed one-at-a-time. For
best performance, however, the DIMMs should be installed in pairs of the
same size into paired slots in your computer. Installing a cache DIMM can
also increase your computer’s performance. The memory used to display
images on the screen (called video RAM, or VRAM) can also be expanded
by installing DIMMs.
WARNING To avoid damage to your computer, Apple recommends that
only an Apple-certified technician install additional DIMMs. Consult
the service and support information that came with your computer for
instructions on how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or
Apple for service. If you attempt to install additional DIMMs yourself,
any damage you may cause to your equipment will not be covered by
the limited warranty on your computer. See an Apple-authorized dealer
or service provider for additional information about this or any other
warranty question.
It is very important that the DIMMs be correctly installed in your Power
Macintosh, because incorrect installation can result in errors, unpredictable
results, and damage to your equipment and data.
Installing internal drives
Your Macintosh can hold up to four internal storage devices. Possible
configurations could include a floppy disk drive, a CD-ROM drive, and two
hard disk drives (several capacities are available) or a CD-ROM drive, a
floppy disk drive, a removable cartridge drive, and a digital audiotape (DAT)
drive. Depending on the configuration you purchased, these drives may
already be installed. If you want to add an internal drive to your Macintosh,
see your Apple-authorized dealer. For more information about internal drives,
see the Technical Information booklet that came with your Macintosh.
Connecting Additional Equipment
63
Connecting network cables
Your Macintosh can be connected to a high-speed Ethernet network via an
AAUI Ethernet connector or a high-speed 10BASE-T Ethernet connector. You
can also connect to a LocalTalk network.
It is possible to be physically connected to more than one kind of network at
the same time, but you can use only one of your connections at one time. If
both 10BASE-T and AAUI networks are connected, your Macintosh
automatically uses the 10BASE-T connection. If 10BASE-T and LocalTalk are
connected, your Macintosh uses the 10BASE-T connection. If AAUI and
LocalTalk are connected, your Macintosh uses the AAUI connection.
About Macintosh networking
Your Power Macintosh can connect to a network that consists of as few as two
computers or as many as thousands or even millions of computers and other
devices. The network allows you and the other people connected to it to share
information, access remote services, and share computing resources such as
printers and modems.
A network extends the features of your Macintosh by extending your reach to
the services and resources provided on the network. For example, your
computer alone lets you store, retrieve, and modify information on floppy
disks, hard disks, and CD-ROM discs. On a network, however, you can also
store and retrieve information on the hard disks and CD-ROM discs of other
computers, access information that other people have stored for you, or use
mail or other network services.
Your computer comes equipped with two built-in network interfaces:
LocalTalk and Ethernet. You can also purchase additional Peripheral
Component Interconnect (PCI) cards for alternative networks such as
TokenRing, ISDN, or FDDI.
To connect your computer to a network you need to do two things: connect
your computer to the network using the appropriate cable, and set up your
network configuration in the AppleTalk control panel, the TCP/IP control
panel, or both.
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Chapter 3
To set up your network configuration, open the AppleTalk control panel to
choose the physical network interface you are using. (The AppleTalk control
panel also contains zone information—a default zone is chosen for you.) If
you plan to use TCP/IP on your Power Macintosh, you also need to choose
settings in the TCP/IP control panel. You can set up your connection in two
ways: manually, by entering a static Internet address, or automatically by
using a network service to connect with a dynamic Internet address. Refer to
the “Networking & Communications” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in
the Guide (h) menu for more information on setting up network
configurations.
If you’re using a static Internet address, you’ll need the following information
before configuring your system (your network administrator or Internet
access provider can provide this information):
m Internet (IP) address: for example, 192.3.232.55
m Domain name and domain name server address: A domain connects an Internet
address to a name for your site, for example, apple.com. Enter your
Domain name or type a period (.).
m Gateway address: This address provides the path the information will take
through the network at your site to reach the Internet.
m Subnet mask: A subnet mask further defines the location of your machine.
You don’t need to change the default unless instructed to do so by your
network administrator.
If you’re using a server on the network that will be issuing you an Internet
address using a technique called bootstrapping, then you need to decide what
protocol you will use: BOOTP (BOOTstrap Protocol), or DHCP (Dynamic
Host Configuration Protocol). Your network administrator will tell you which
to choose.
If, after configuring your AppleTalk and TCP/IP control panels, you see an
error message such as, “Unable to locate host,” or “Could not create a socket,”
your software is unable to reach the Internet. This indicates a problem in the
TCP/IP configuration. Contact your network administrator for additional
assistance.
Connecting Additional Equipment
65
Read this chapter for information on
installing and working with application
programs on your computer.
4
Installing and Using Application Programs
Installing application programs
Your computer has several application programs already installed, as well as
some programs that need to be installed before you can use them. The
programs that come with your computer include
m AppleScript, which allows you to automate any actions you perform
repeatedly on your Macintosh
m Drive Setup, which enables you to initialize, test, and update hard disks and
other storage media. Drive Setup lets you partition very large disks (up to 2
terabytes).
m PowerTalk, which provides built-in mail and collaboration services
m eWorld, a program that lets you send and receive electronic mail and gives
you access to a range of online information and services
m text-to-speech software that allows your Macintosh to speak typed text in
compatible applications such as SimpleText
m Speakable Items, speech recognition software that lets you give spoken
commands to the computer and have the computer respond by executing
the commands and giving computer-voice feedback
You’ll find these and other programs in the Apple Extras folder on your hard
disk. (However, eWorld is in its own folder on your hard disk, and Drive Setup
is in the Utilities folder.) To find out if a program needs to be installed, look
inside the program’s folder for an icon labeled Installer. If you find an
Installer icon and want to use that program, double-click the Installer and
follow the instructions on the screen.
67
If you have questions about installing and using an application program, refer
to Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu and the Read Me files
for the program. (Read Me files are text files that contain additional
information about application programs. They are usually found inside the
program’s folder.)
IMPORTANT If your computer did not come with a CD-ROM drive and you did
not get the CD-ROM disc that contains system software, be sure to make a
backup copy of the programs in the Apple Extras folder. Backup copies allow
you to restore your software if anything should go wrong. It is a good idea to
always make backup copies of application programs and other software.
You’ll probably want to buy and install additional programs. See the manuals
you receive with your programs for instructions on installing and using them.
In most cases, you’ll install an application program on your internal hard disk
from a CD-ROM disc that contains the program. The illustration shows how
to insert a CD-ROM disc into your computer’s CD-ROM drive, the disc lying
flat with the label side up.
For instructions on how to eject CD-ROM discs, see “Ejecting a CD-ROM
Disc” in Chapter 5. Some application programs come on floppy disks. See the
“Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu, for
information on inserting and ejecting floppy disks.
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Chapter 4
To use your programs most effectively, follow these guidelines:
m To avoid installation problems, turn off virus protection programs and use
Apple Extensions Manager to turn off system extensions (except for
Macintosh Easy Open) before you install any software. To start Apple
Extensions Manager, restart your computer while holding down the Space
bar. Use Apple Extensions Manager to turn off all system extensions except
Macintosh Easy Open (this extension is needed to rebuild the desktop
correctly). To turn extensions back on, use Apple Extensions Manager to
turn them on, then restart your computer.
m Put only one copy of each program on your hard disk. Having more than
one copy can cause errors.
m Whenever you copy a program disk to your hard disk, be careful not to
copy a System Folder. Always check to see what you’ve copied, and drag
any extra System Folders to the Trash.
m If a program malfunctions consistently, try installing a fresh copy. If that
doesn’t help, find out from the software manufacturer whether your version
of the program is compatible with the hardware and system software
you’re using.
Working with several programs at a time
You can open as many application programs and desk accessories as your
computer’s memory allows.
All open programs are listed in the Application menu at the right end of the
menu bar. The name of the active program (the one you’re using right now)
has a checkmark next to it, and its icon appears in the menu bar.
The Finder icon
Commands to hide or
display open windows
A checkmark
indicates the
active program.
Open programs
Installing and Using Application Programs
69
Finding out which programs are open
If you have several programs and windows open, you can find out which
program is active and which other programs are open by pulling down the
Application menu.
Switching programs
You can switch to another open program or desk accessory by choosing its
name from the Application menu.
If a program’s icon is dimmed in the menu, that means its windows are
hidden. Choosing the program from the Application menu displays its
windows.
You can also switch to another program by clicking in a window that belongs
to an open program or by double-clicking a program icon (or the icon of a
document that was created with the program).
Hiding and showing windows on the desktop
You can hide all windows except those of the active program by choosing
Hide Others from the Application menu.
The other programs remain open even though their windows are hidden.
When you switch to another program, its windows become visible again.
If you want to see all the open windows, choose Show All from the
Application menu.
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Chapter 4
Backing up your files
Making backup copies of important files is good protection against possible
damage to the originals.
m You can back up files stored on your hard disk by copying them to
floppy disks.
m You can back up an entire floppy disk by copying it to another floppy disk
of the same capacity or larger, or by copying it to a hard disk.
m You can use a commercial backup program to copy new and changed files
from a hard disk to another hard disk, to a tape drive, or to a series of
floppy disks.
m If your computer is on a network, you may be able to back up files by
copying them to a shared disk on the network.
Using Power Macintosh application programs
Your Power Macintosh is compatible with most application programs
intended for use with Macintosh computers. But certain programs are
designed especially for Power Macintosh computers. (These are sometimes
called “native” applications.) You’ll find that these programs take best
advantage of your computer’s speed.
Special memory requirements
Some Power Macintosh programs may be slightly larger than other programs
and may take up more memory. If you find that you are running out of
memory when you use your Power Macintosh programs, you can use space
on your computer’s hard disk as additional memory (called “virtual
memory”). For instructions on how to use hard disk space as memory, see the
“Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
You can also add more memory to your computer, as described in “Expanding
Memory” in Chapter 3.
Installing and Using Application Programs
71
Shared libraries
Power Macintosh programs use special files called shared libraries. These files
help Power Macintosh programs to run more efficiently, and can be used by
more than one Power Macintosh program simultaneously. Any necessary
shared libraries are installed automatically in the System Folder when you
install Power Macintosh programs.
If a Power Macintosh program requires a shared library and there is not
enough memory available for the shared library, you’ll see a message that
the program could not be opened because of insufficient system memory. If
this happens, see the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the
Guide (h) menu, for instructions on increasing available memory.
If a required shared library is missing, you’ll see a message that the program
could not be opened because the shared library could not be found. If this
happens, follow the directions that came with your program to reinstall the
program. If the shared library is still missing, contact the program’s
manufacturer for assistance.
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Chapter 4
Read this chapter for information on
using the internal CD-ROM drive,
if your computer has one.
5
Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive
Read this chapter for information on using the optional internal CD-ROM
(Compact Disc Read-Only Memory) drive, if your computer has one.
(CD-ROM drives are also sometimes called CD-ROM players.) Refer to
Appendix A, “Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips,” for information on the
proper handling of CD-ROM discs.
Your internal CD-ROM drive works with CD-ROM discs, standard audio
compact discs (CDs), and single-session or multisession Photo CDs.
Your CD-ROM drive provides access to large amounts of information.
However, you cannot save information on CD-ROM discs. ROM stands
for read-only memory, meaning that the player cannot “write” information
onto CD-ROM discs.
A wide selection of CD-ROM discs is available for entertainment, education,
and business. A typical disc can hold over 650 megabytes (MB) of
information—the equivalent of 270,000 pages of text, up to 8 hours
of speech or music (depending on the sound quality), hundreds of highresolution images, or any combination of text, sound, and graphics.
73
Inserting a CD-ROM disc
Follow these instructions to insert a CD-ROM disc into your CD-ROM drive.
Then follow the instructions provided with your disc, as well as the
instructions in this manual.
1
Start up your Macintosh computer, if it’s not already on.
2
Press the Open/Close button to open the tray of the CD-ROM drive.
Open/Close button
The tray opens.
3
Place a CD-ROM disc in the tray, with the disc label facing up.
Make sure the disc is lying flat and centered in the tray. If you are using a
small (8 cm) disc, make sure it is centered within the inside ring on the tray.
4
Push the tray in, or press the Open/Close button, to close the tray.
In a few moments, an icon for the CD-ROM disc appears on your screen.
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Chapter 5
Ejecting a CD-ROM disc
Follow these instructions to open the tray and eject a CD-ROM disc from
your computer.
IMPORTANT You may not be able to eject a disc if it is being shared. To turn
off file sharing, use the Sharing Setup control panel.
1
Open the tray.
There are several ways to open the tray of your CD-ROM drive.
If a CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen:
m Select the disc icon on your screen and drag the icon to the Trash.
m Click the disc icon, then choose the Put Away command in the File menu.
m While the AppleCD Audio Player window is active, choose Eject CD from
the File menu, or simultaneously press the x and E keys. (AppleCD Audio
Player is a program that allows you to control your CD-ROM drive and is
available in the Apple [K] menu.)
If no CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen:
m Press the Open/Close button for your CD-ROM drive.
2
Take the CD-ROM disc out of the tray.
Store your disc in a safe place, away from heat, dust, and moisture.
3
Push the tray in, or press the Open/Close button, to close the tray.
To avoid possible damage to the tray or the CD-ROM drive, keep the tray
closed when you are not using it.
Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive
75
Playing audio CDs
With your CD-ROM drive and your computer’s built-in speaker, you can play
audio compact discs (CDs) or audio tracks on CD-ROM discs. You can also
attach headphones or speakers to the computer to listen to audio CDs and
audio tracks. See Chapter 3, “Connecting Additional Equipment,” for
information on connecting sound equipment to your computer.
Note that you may need to set control panel options in order to play audio
CD-ROM discs. Refer to the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in
the Guide (h) menu.
To start, stop, and otherwise control audio discs, use the AppleCD Audio
Player program, available in the Apple (K) menu. Your audio CD software
will only play tracks that contain audio information. You can listen to an
audio CD or audio tracks in the background while you do other work on your
computer. For more information about playing audio CDs, see the “CD-ROM
Discs” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
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Chapter 5
Working with Photo CDs
You can use your CD-ROM drive to open Photo CD images stored on Photo
CDs. A Photo CD image is a digitized version of a standard photograph that
you can open and view on your computer screen.
You can do many things with the images on your Photo CDs:
m Open and view the images individually on your computer screen.
m View the images on your computer screen in a series, as you would view
a slide presentation.
m Copy and save the images, print them, paste them into word-processing
documents or other documents that accept graphics, and edit them with
a graphics application program.
Photo CD images are an excellent source of graphics for desktop
publishing, multimedia presentations, business documents, and
professional-quality graphic design. For more information on working with
Photo CD images, see the “CD-ROM Discs” topic of Macintosh Guide,
available in the Guide (h) menu.
Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive
77
Sharing a CD-ROM disc over a network
You can share a CD-ROM disc using the file-sharing feature of System 7.5.2.
If the disc has audio portions, you will be able to hear the audio yourself, but
other people on the network will not. Likewise, you cannot hear the audio
portions of discs you access over a network.
For further information about file sharing in System 7.5.2, see the “Networks
& Telecommunications” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h)
menu.
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Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Troubleshooting
II
part
Consult this chapter if you experience
problems using your computer.
6
Troubleshooting
When you have questions
If you want to know how to do a particular task with your computer, refer to
Macintosh Guide in the Guide (h) menu. For instructions on using
Macintosh Guide, see “Getting Help,” Chapter 2 of this manual.
If you have trouble
While you’re using your computer, you may occasionally see a bomb icon
or an error message, or the pointer (8) may “freeze” on the screen.
If you have trouble with your computer, take a few minutes to read the
information in this chapter. If your problem is related to a particular
procedure, you should also look for information on that procedure in
Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. For additional
troubleshooting information and a list of common questions relating to your
system software, see the “Troubleshooting” topic of Macintosh Guide.
81
If you are unable to access Macintosh Guide (for example, if your screen
is “frozen”), refer to this chapter to see if you can resolve the problem.
WARNING If you have a problem with your computer and nothing
presented in this chapter solves it, consult the service and support
information that came with your computer for instructions on how to
contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance. If
you attempt to repair the computer yourself, any damage you may cause
to the computer will not be covered by the limited warranty on your
computer. Contact an Apple-authorized dealer or service provider for
additional information about this or any other warranty question.
Take your time
When you see an error message, you don’t have to take action immediately.
The message stays on the screen until you click the OK button (or Restart) or
turn off the computer.
To help diagnose and correct the problem, gather as much information on the
situation as you can. Then follow the instructions in the next section, “Start
Over.”
m Make a note of exactly what you were doing when the problem occurred.
Write down the message on the screen and its ID number (if any). Also list
the programs you were using and the names of any items you know have
been added to the System Folder since the system software was installed.
This information will help a service person diagnose the problem. (It is
helpful to keep a printed copy of the items in your System Folder. For
instructions on printing the contents of a folder, see the “Printing & Fonts”
topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide [h] menu.)
m Check the screen for any clues. Is a menu selected? What programs and
document icons are open? Note anything else that seems relevant.
m If you were typing text and were not able to save it before the problem
occurred, you can write down the parts of the text still visible on the
screen so that some of your work will be easy to replace.
m Ask other Macintosh users about the problem you’re having; they may have
a solution for it.
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If you need repair service, consult the service and support information that
came with your computer for instructions on how to contact an Appleauthorized service provider or Apple for assistance.
If you know that the problem is with a particular application program, contact
the manufacturer of that software for assistance.
Start over
Often you can eliminate a problem simply by clearing the computer’s memory
and starting over.
If you can, save any open documents before restarting the Macintosh. If your
system is frozen and does not respond to anything you do, or if you have a
“bomb” message on the screen, saving may not be possible. You can try
pressing x-Option-Esc to quit the program in use when the problem
occurred; if this works, you can then save the documents open in other
programs before restarting. (Be sure to restart the computer immediately after
you save your documents—quitting a program using x-Option-Esc may leave
corrupted data in the computer’s memory. This corrupted data is erased when
you restart the computer.)
To restart your Macintosh, try the following solutions:
m If you can, choose Restart from the Special menu or from the dialog box that’s on the
screen.
Dialog boxes contain messages from the computer. If something goes
wrong, a message may appear on the screen, asking you to restart the
computer.
m If you can’t choose Restart, press the Power key on the keyboard.
Select Restart from the dialog box that appears.
m If the Power key on the keyboard doesn’t work, hold down the x and Control keys
while you press the Power key on the keyboard (marked with a triangle).
This key combination restarts the computer. (Use this key combination
only when you can’t choose Restart from the Special menu.)
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83
m Turn off your computer with the power button on the front panel of the computer, wait
at least 10 seconds, and then turn it on again.
If the computer does not turn off, try pressing and holding down the power
button for 3 to 4 seconds.
m If the power button doesn’t turn off the computer, unplug your Macintosh.
m If you suspect that the problem is with other equipment, such as a printer or an
external hard disk that’s attached to your computer, turn that equipment off and
restart the Macintosh.
Rebuild your desktop regularly
A process known as “rebuilding the desktop” helps your Macintosh keep
track of data on your startup disks. Although you usually use the hard disk in
your computer as a startup disk, you can also start up from any other disk that
has system software installed. It’s a good idea to rebuild the desktop of your
startup disks once a month or so.
To rebuild the desktop of a startup disk, follow these steps:
1
While holding down the Space bar, restart your computer.
Do not release the Space bar until you see the Extensions Manager control
panel.
2
Use the Extensions Manager control panel to turn off all extensions except Macintosh
Easy Open.
3
While holding down the x and Option keys, close the Extensions Manager control panel.
The desktop is rebuilt.
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Open the Extensions Manager control panel again and turn back on all the extensions
you turned off.
Solutions to common problems
This section contains descriptions of problems you could experience with
your computer. Some problems may be caused by your CD-ROM drive, so if
you don’t find your problem here, be sure to check the section “Solutions to
CD-ROM Problems” later in this chapter.
The computer is turned on but the screen is dark.
One of the following is probably the cause:
m The computer is in sleep mode.
Press a key on the keyboard.
m You have a screen saver program that darkens the screen when the
computer has not been used for a certain period.
Press a key or move the mouse to turn off the screen saver.
m The monitor’s brightness control (¤) is not adjusted properly.
Check the monitor’s brightness control and turn it up if necessary.
m The Macintosh or the monitor is not getting power.
If you have a separate monitor, check that the monitor is plugged in and
turned on and that the monitor cable is firmly connected to both the
computer and the monitor.
Check that the computer’s power cord is firmly connected to the computer
and plugged into a grounded electrical outlet and that the outlet has power.
If you have more than one monitor, and only one is dark, check that it is
set up correctly in the Monitors control panel. For information on using
more than one monitor, see the “Monitors” topic of Macintosh Guide,
available in the Guide (h) menu.
m If none of these steps solves the problem, you may need to reset your
computer’s parameter RAM (PRAM). Reset PRAM by turning off the
computer and disconnecting all external SCSI devices. Next, restart the
Macintosh while holding down the key combination x-Option-p-r. Wait for
the second startup chime, then release the keys. (Note that the “caps lock”
key must be in the up position. This procedure won’t work with the
uppercase “P” and “R” keys.)
If you are displaying video from your computer on a television screen, it is
normal for your computer monitor to be dark.
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The computer’s clock keeps time inaccurately.
Your computer has a clock that runs continuously. When the computer is
turned off, a battery keeps the clock running. If your clock begins to keep
time inaccurately, have an Apple-authorized service provider replace the
battery. Consult the service and support information that came with your
computer for instructions on how to contact an Apple-authorized service
provider or Apple for assistance.
When you start up, a disk icon with a blinking question mark appears in the middle of
the screen.
This icon indicates that your Macintosh cannot find the system software it
needs to start up. One of the following is probably the cause:
m Your computer may be having a problem recognizing external equipment
that uses the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI).
Shut down the computer, turn off all external SCSI equipment, and
disconnect the first SCSI device in the chain from your computer’s SCSI
port. Then restart the computer. If the computer starts up after you
disconnect your SCSI equipment, refer to the manuals that came with the
equipment for information on the proper way to connect SCSI equipment
and assign SCSI ID numbers.
If you have a printer connected to your computer’s SCSI port, make sure
your printer is not supposed to be connected to the printer port instead.
Check the manuals that came with your printer for information on how to
connect it properly.
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m System software may not be installed on the startup hard disk, the system
software may be damaged, or the hard disk may not be working properly.
Start up your computer using the Disk Tools floppy disk or (if you have a
built-in CD-ROM drive) with the CD-ROM disc that contains system
software. (For instructions on how to start up your computer from the
CD-ROM disc, see “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section
“Initializing a Hard Disk” later in this chapter.) Then follow the
instructions in “Repairing a Damaged Disk” later in this chapter to test
your startup hard disk and repair any damage.
If repairing the disk doesn’t help, follow the instructions in “Installing or
Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter to reinstall system
software on your startup hard disk.
When you try to start up from a floppy disk, a disk icon with an X appears in the middle
of the screen, and the floppy disk is ejected.
This icon indicates that the floppy disk you tried to start up from is not a
startup disk.
Wait a few seconds. The computer should start up from its internal hard disk.
Make sure you insert floppy disks only after the computer has begun starting up.
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87
A “sad Macintosh” icon appears, and the computer won’t start up.
This icon indicates that your Macintosh cannot start up because of a problem
with the system software or the computer hardware.
Eject any floppy disks by turning off the computer and then holding down
the mouse button while you turn the computer on again. Try starting up with
the Disk Tools floppy disk or (if you have a built-in CD-ROM drive) with the
CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (For instructions on how to start
up your computer from the CD-ROM disc, see “Starting Up From a CD-ROM
Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” later in this chapter.) If the “sad
Macintosh” icon appears again, consult the service and support information
that came with your computer for information on contacting an Appleauthorized service provider or Apple for assistance.
The hard disk icon does not appear on the desktop.
If you don’t see a hard disk icon on the desktop, try the following:
m Use the Drive Setup program to make the disk available. Drive Setup is
located in the Apple Extras folder. For instructions, start Drive Setup, then
choose Drive Setup Guide from the Guide (h) menu.
m If the hard disk is internal, shut down your computer, wait at least 10
seconds, and then turn it on again.
m If the hard disk is external, make sure that it is turned on and that its cable
is connected firmly; then restart the Macintosh.
m Check the ID numbers of all SCSI equipment connected to your computer.
No two SCSI devices on the same SCSI chain can have the same ID
number. In addition, there are special requirements for assigning SCSI ID
numbers that don’t conflict with your computer or its internal storage
devices. See Chapter 3 and the manuals that came with your SCSI
equipment for information on setting SCSI ID numbers.
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m If the hard disk is your startup disk, start your computer using the Disk
Tools floppy disk or (if you have a built-in CD-ROM drive) with the
CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (For instructions on how to
start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc, see “Starting Up From a
CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” later in this
chapter.) Then follow the instructions in “Repairing a Damaged Disk” later
in this chapter to test your startup hard disk and repair any damage.
If repairing the disk doesn’t help, follow the instructions in “Installing or
Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter to reinstall system
software on your startup hard disk.
Icons do not appear correctly on your screen.
You need to rebuild the desktop—a process that helps your Macintosh keep
track of files and folders on your hard disk. For instructions, see “Rebuild
Your Desktop Regularly” in the section “If You Have Trouble” earlier in
this chapter.
Your Macintosh can’t read a floppy disk.
If you see a message that a floppy disk is unreadable, try one of the following:
m If the disk has never been used, you may simply need to initialize it. For
instructions, see the “Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the
Guide (h) menu.
m The disk may be damaged. See “Repairing a Damaged Disk” later in this
chapter for information on testing and repairing disks.
m If the disk is a high-density disk previously used on another computer, the
disk may have been formatted incorrectly as an 800K disk rather than as a
1440K (high-density) disk. If so, use the other computer to copy the disk’s
contents onto a properly formatted disk.
m The disk may have been formatted for use on another kind of computer.
You may be able to use a program that lets you work with such disks on
your Macintosh.
You can’t eject a floppy disk.
If you can’t eject a floppy disk in the usual way, try the following in order:
m Hold down the x and Shift keys and press the number 1 key on your
keyboard to eject a disk in the internal disk drive.
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89
m Turn off the computer. If the disk isn’t ejected, then hold down the button
on your mouse or other pointing device while you turn the computer
on again.
m Locate the small hole near the disk drive’s opening, and carefully insert the
end of a large straightened paper clip into it. Push gently until the disk is
ejected. Do not use excessive force.
If none of these solutions works, take the computer or disk drive to your
Apple-authorized service provider to have the disk removed.
You installed a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer and your computer won’t
restart after you’ve copied software for your CD-ROM drive to the System Folder.
m If you attempt to install software for your CD-ROM drive without using the
Installer, you may not be able to restart your computer. Restart the
computer while holding down the Shift key (to turn off system extensions)
and then remove any CD-ROM software files you copied by dragging them
to the Trash. Reinstall the software according to the instructions that came
with the drive.
If this procedure doesn’t solve the problem, restart your computer using the
Disk Tools floppy disk or the CD-ROM disc containing system software that
came with your computer. (For instructions on starting your computer
using a floppy disk, see “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” later in this
chapter.)
Your computer won’t restart, and a CD-ROM disc is in the CD-ROM drive.
m Your computer may be trying to start up from the CD-ROM disc. Press the
Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the tray and remove the
CD-ROM disc. Close the tray, then restart your computer.
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You can’t start an application program, or it quits unexpectedly. Or, when you try to open
a program, you see a message that not enough memory is available.
One of the following is probably the cause:
m The Macintosh ran out of memory.
Quit the programs that you have open and then open the program you want
to use, or restart your Macintosh.
Make sure virtual memory is turned on (unless you changed the memory
setting, virtual memory was already turned on for you at the factory). If it
isn’t, use the Memory control panel to turn on virtual memory. For more
information on virtual memory, see the “Memory” topic of Macintosh
Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
m The program needs more memory.
Use the program’s Info window to give it more memory. For more
information on increasing a program’s memory, see the “Memory” topic of
Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
m The program is a non-Power Macintosh application program running in
emulation mode that requires a separate floating-point unit (FPU). It
cannot use the built-in FPU on your computer’s microprocessor.
Check the documentation that came with the program or contact the
program’s manufacturer to find out if the program requires the FPU found
in a non-Power Macintosh chip. If it does, you may need to upgrade to a
Power Macintosh version of the program, or install software that emulates
a non-Power Macintosh FPU. (See your dealer for this software.)
m Sometimes incompatible system extensions or control panels can cause
software problems. Restart while holding down the Shift key to temporarily
turn off all system extensions.
If your program works normally after you do this, use the Extensions
Manager control panel to turn off individual extensions and control panels.
For detailed instructions, see the “Setting Options” topic of Macintosh
Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
If your program performs better when a particular extension or control
panel is turned off, contact the software’s manufacturer for information or
an upgrade.
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91
A dialog box with a bomb appears.
Your system has a software problem.
m Write down what you were doing when the message appeared and write
down the message.
m Restart your Macintosh. (See “Start Over” in the section “If You Have
Trouble” earlier in this chapter for instructions.) Most software problems
are temporary, and restarting usually corrects the problem.
m Check the startup disk and application program you were using when the
dialog box appeared. Make sure that all programs, desk accessories, and
system extensions you’re using are compatible with the system software.
Reinstalling the system software may correct the problem.
m If the bomb only occurs in one application program, try reinstalling the
program from the original disks. If reinstalling doesn’t solve the problem,
contact the manufacturer of the program.
m Sometimes incompatible system extensions or control panels can cause
system software problems. Restart while holding down the Shift key to
temporarily turn off all system extensions.
If your computer works normally after you do this, use the Extensions
Manager control panel to turn off individual extensions and control panels.
For detailed instructions, see the “Setting Options” topic of Macintosh
Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
If your computer performs better when a particular extension or control
panel is turned off, contact the extension’s or control panel’s manufacturer
for information or an upgrade.
m If the problem recurs, you may need to reinstall system software. See
“Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter for
instructions.
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The pointer (8) doesn’t move when you move the mouse.
One of the following situations is probably the cause:
m Your system has a software problem.
Press x-Option-Esc to quit the application program in use when the
problem occurred. If this works, you can save the documents open in other
programs before restarting.
Restart your Macintosh. See “Start Over” in the section “If You Have
Trouble” earlier in this chapter for instructions.
Check the startup disk and program you were using when the problem
occurred. Make sure that all programs, desk accessories, and system
extensions you’re using are compatible with the system software. Try
starting up the computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that
contains system software. (For instructions on how to start up your
computer from the CD-ROM disc, see “Starting Up From a CD-ROM
Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” later in this chapter.) If your
computer starts up normally, there may be an extension conflict.
If the problem recurs, you may need to reinstall system software. See
“Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter for
instructions.
m The mouse is not connected properly.
Turn the computer off using the power button on the front of the computer,
check that the mouse and keyboard cables are connected properly, and then
restart the computer.
IMPORTANT Don’t connect the mouse while the computer is turned on. You
may damage your computer.
m Signals from the mouse are not reaching the computer, either because the
mouse needs cleaning or because there is something wrong with the mouse.
Clean the mouse according to the instructions in Appendix A of this book.
If you have another mouse or pointing device, try connecting and using it.
(Turn the computer off before connecting it.) If the new device works, there
is probably something wrong with the mouse you replaced.
If none of these procedures solves the problem, consult the service and
support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to
contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance.
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93
Typing on the keyboard produces nothing on the screen.
One of the following is probably the cause:
m Your system has a software problem.
Restart your Macintosh. For instructions, see “Start Over” in the section
“If You Have Trouble” earlier in this chapter.
Check the startup disk and application program you were using when the
problem occurred. Make sure that all programs, desk accessories, and
system extensions you’re using are compatible with the system software.
If the problem recurs, try restarting the computer with system extensions
turned off. (To turn system extension off, hold down the Shift key while
restarting the computer.) If that doesn’t work, you may need to reinstall
system software. See “Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in
this chapter for instructions.
m The computer beeps every time you press a key.
Easy Access is probably turned on. Open Easy Access from the control
panels listed under the Apple (K) menu and turn it off.
m You haven’t selected any text or set the insertion point (i).
Make sure the program you want to type in is the active program. Then
place the pointer (8) in the active window and click to set an insertion
point (i) or drag to select text (if you want to replace the text with your
typing).
m The keyboard is not connected properly.
Turn off the computer using the power button on the front of the computer
then check that the keyboard cable is connected properly at both ends.
If you have a keyboard with an ADB port (marked with the ◊ icon) on
each end, turn off the Macintosh using the power button and plug the
keyboard cable into the other ADB port on the keyboard. (You may have to
unplug the mouse to do this.) Then restart the computer.
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m The keyboard is damaged.
If you have access to another keyboard, try using it instead. (Turn the
computer off before connecting it.) If the new keyboard works, there is
probably something wrong with the one you replaced.
If none of these procedures solves the problem, consult the service and
support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to
contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance.
You can’t open a document, or you see a message that an application program can’t
be found.
m Some documents can be opened by more than one application program.
Try starting a program that you think might be able to open the document,
then choose Open from the program’s File menu to try to open the
document.
m Purchase and install the correct software to use the document, or find out
if the creator of the document can convert it to a form that one of your
programs can use.
m Don’t try to open the files in your System Folder. Most of the files in your
System Folder are used by your computer for internal purposes and are not
intended to be opened.
m Rebuild your desktop (refer to “Rebuild Your Desktop Regularly” in the
section “If You Have Trouble” earlier in this chapter).
m If the document is from a DOS computer, use the PC Exchange control
panel to specify which Macintosh program will open the document. For
information about working with DOS documents on your Macintosh, see
the “Using DOS Files & Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the
Guide (h) menu.
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95
You experience problems using a document from a DOS computer.
If you can’t open a DOS document using a Macintosh program, try the
following:
m Open the document from within the program by choosing Open in the
program’s File menu.
m Use the PC Exchange control panel to specify which Macintosh program
will open the document.
If a DOS document is displayed incorrectly, or you see strange codes or
characters in the document, try one of the following:
m Your application program may have special procedures for opening and
saving documents with different file formats. See the information that
came with your program.
m Try opening the document in another program.
Note: Some characters that can be displayed on the Macintosh are not
accurately displayed on DOS computers, and vice versa.
For more information about working with DOS documents on your
Macintosh, see the “Using DOS Files & Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide,
available in the Guide (h) menu.
You see a message that your application program can’t be opened because a file can’t
be found.
Power Macintosh programs use special files called shared libraries. Any
necessary shared libraries should be installed automatically when you install
Power Macintosh programs.
Follow the directions that came with your program to reinstall the program. If
the shared library is still missing, contact the software program’s manufacturer
for assistance.
You experience problems using an older Macintosh program.
Some older Macintosh programs are not completely compatible with Power
Macintosh computers. Check with the program’s manufacturer for
compatibility and upgrade information.
Open the Memory control panel and turn off Modern Memory Manager. For
more detailed instructions, see the “Working with Programs” topic of
Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
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Solutions to CD-ROM problems
Problems using the CD-ROM drive
The CD-ROM drive icon does not appear on screen.
m If you have other internal SCSI devices attached to your computer, make
sure that each device has a unique SCSI ID number (If your CD-ROM
drive was installed in your computer at the factory, it has SCSI ID 3.)
Refer to the documentation that came with your SCSI devices if you need
to reset SCSI ID numbers.
Note: Your computer also has an external SCSI connector. All devices on the
same SCSI chain must have unique ID numbers, but devices on different SCSI
chains may use the same SCSI ID number. (For example, you could have a
CD-ROM drive with ID number 3 connected to the internal SCSI chain and a
tape drive with ID number 3 connected to the external SCSI chain.
m If you installed a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer, make
sure the CD-ROM software that came with the drive is installed. See the
manual that came with the CD-ROM drive for software installation
instructions.
m If you reinstall the CD-ROM software, make sure to restart your computer
after you reinstall the software.
You installed a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer and your computer won’t
restart after you’ve copied software for your CD-ROM drive to the System Folder.
m If you attempt to install software for your CD-ROM drive without using the
Installer, you may not be able to restart your computer. Restart the
computer while holding down the Shift key (to turn off system extensions),
and then remove any CD-ROM software files you copied by dragging them
to the Trash. Reinstall the software according to the instructions that came
with the drive.
If this procedure doesn’t solve the problem, restart your computer using the
Disk Tools floppy disk. (For instructions on starting your computer using a
floppy disk, see “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” in the section
“Initializing a Hard Disk,” later in this chapter.)
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Your computer starts up and you see large folder-shaped areas, containing labeled
pictorial buttons, instead of the usual Macintosh desktop.
m Your computer may have started up from a CD-ROM disc containing At
Ease, an alternative to the Macintosh desktop. You need to have the
Macintosh desktop on your screen before you can use any of the
installation instructions in this manual.
To return to the Macintosh desktop, choose Shut Down from the Special
menu. When your computer is off, press the Open/Close button of your
CD-ROM drive to open the tray, then remove the CD-ROM disc. Close the
tray. Then start up your computer again.
To avoid having the computer start up from a CD-ROM disc, remember to
remove any disc in the drive before you shut down your computer.
The tray of your CD-ROM drive won’t open.
If a CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen:
m Drag the disc icon to the Trash, or select it and choose Put Away from the
File menu. If the AppleCD Audio Player program is active, choose Eject
CD from the File menu.
If you see a message that a disc can’t be put away because it is being
shared, turn off file sharing, then try again to put away the disc.
If no CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen:
m Press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive.
m The signal to open the tray may not be reaching the computer. Turn off
your computer and locate the small pinhole to the lower right of the
CD-ROM tray opening. Insert the end of a large, straightened paper clip
firmly and horizontally into the pinhole. Push gently until the tray is
released, then carefully pull the tray open. Do not force the tray open; wait
until the paper clip has dislodged it, or you may break the front of the tray.
WARNING Turn off your computer before you attempt to eject the tray
using a paper clip. If you don’t, you may damage the CD-ROM drive.
If neither of these suggestions works, your CD-ROM drive may be damaged.
Contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for further assistance.
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Your computer won’t restart, and a CD-ROM disc is in the CD-ROM drive.
m Your computer may be trying to start up from the CD-ROM disc. Press the
Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the tray, and remove
the CD-ROM disc. Close the tray, then restart your computer.
Problems using CD-ROM discs
You insert a CD-ROM disc, but its icon doesn’t appear on the Macintosh desktop.
m Make sure that the disc label is facing up and the disc is centered in the
tray. If you’re using a small (8 cm) disc, make sure it is within the tray’s
inner ring.
m Make sure the tray is closed all the way.
m Try restarting your computer.
m Try starting your computer from the CD-ROM disc that contains system
software while holding the “c” key down. If only the hard drive icon
appears on the desktop, then there may be a hardware problem with your
CD-ROM drive. If the CD-ROM icon appears above the hard drive icon,
try reinstalling your CD-ROM software following the instructions in
“Installing or Reinstalling CD-ROM Software” later in this chapter.
m If you installed the CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer, make
sure the CD-ROM software is installed. (Refer to the documentation that
came with the CD-ROM drive.)
CD-ROM software is already installed on Macintosh computers that come
with CD-ROM drives. You can reinstall it by following the procedure in
“Installing or Reinstalling CD-ROM Software” later in this chapter.
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99
Your computer displays the message “This is not a Macintosh disk: Do you want to
initialize it?” when you insert a CD-ROM disc in the CD-ROM drive.
m Make sure that the Foreign File Access and Audio CD Access CD-ROM
extensions are installed in your Extensions Folder and are turned on. (If
they are not turned on, use the Extensions Manager control panel to turn
them on and then restart your computer.)
m Make sure the CD-ROM software is installed. (The CD-ROM software is
already installed on Macintosh computers that come with CD-ROM
drives.) If you installed a CD-ROM drive after buying your computer, see
the manual that came with your drive.
m The disc may use a format that the Macintosh cannot recognize.
Your computer ejects a CD-ROM disc without giving you any error message.
m Make sure the disc is flat in the tray and the disc label is facing up. If
you’re using a small (8 cm) disc, make sure it’s centered within the tray’s
inner ring.
m The disc may need to be cleaned. (See “Handling CD-ROM Discs” in
Appendix A.) If there are visible scratches on the shiny side of the disc,
you may be able to remove them with a CD polishing kit (available from
your audio CD dealer). If the scratches can’t be removed, you’ll need to
replace the disc.
m The disc may be damaged. Try another disc in the drive, and try the
original disc in another drive. If the original drive reads other discs or if
the original disc doesn’t work in another drive, the disc is probably
damaged. You’ll need to replace the disc.
You can’t open a document on a CD-ROM disc.
m Try opening the application program first; then open the document.
m Read the manual that came with your CD-ROM disc. Some discs come
with software that you need to install on your computer before using the
disc.
You can’t save changes you make to information on a CD-ROM disc.
m CD-ROM is a read-only medium. This means that information can be read
(retrieved) from it, but not written (stored) on it. You can save the changed
information on a hard disk or floppy disk.
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Problems using ISO 9660 or High Sierra discs
You cannot access files on a CD-ROM disc that uses the ISO 9660 or High Sierra format.
m Discs in the ISO 9660 and High Sierra disc formats have version numbers
attached to filenames. Some application programs need these version
numbers in order to work with files. To make the version numbers
available to programs on your computer, follow these instructions:
Drag the CD icon to the Trash. When the tray opens, hold down the Option
key and push the tray back in, continuing to hold down the Option key
until the disc is fully in the drive. The program you are using should now
be able to locate filenames on that CD-ROM disc.
m Make sure that Foreign File Access, ISO 9660 File Access and High Sierra
File Access are present in the Extensions folder in your System Folder.
Problems playing audio CDs
You don’t hear any sound when you play an audio CD or an audio track on a CD-ROM
disc using the AppleCD Audio Player.
m If your CD-ROM drive was installed after you bought your computer, make
sure the audio cable is properly connected. See the documentation that
came with the CD-ROM drive for more information.
m If you have headphones or speakers connected to the computer, adjust the
connector to make sure they are firmly connected. Make sure the volume
control on your headphones or speakers is not turned down too low.
m Some programs change the sound options to suit their needs. You may need
to reset the sound options in the Sound & Displays control panel. Refer to
the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
m If you are using a CD-ROM disc over a network, you won’t be able to hear
the audio portion.
m Make sure the volume is turned up in the AppleCD Audio Player. With the
Audio Player open, drag the volume control slider up or press the Up
Arrow key on your keyboard.
m The CD may have been paused. Click the Play/Pause button in the
AppleCD Audio Player once or twice.
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101
While playing an audio track on a CD-ROM disc that combines audio tracks and data,
you double-click the disc icon and the audio track stops playing.
m You can’t open data files on a CD-ROM disc and listen to audio tracks on
that disc at the same time.
You are unable to record sound from an audio CD.
m Check your computer’s sound input port to see if a microphone or other
device is connected.
m You may need to reset the sound options in the Sound & Displays control
panel. Refer to the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the
Guide (h) menu.
Problems using Photo CDs
Your CD-ROM drive will not open Photo CDs.
m Reinstall the CD-ROM software (available through the “Multimedia
Software” option in Custom Install when you reinstall system software).
Your computer does not display color icons for individual images on a Photo CD.
m Your computer may be low on memory. To view color icons, restart your
computer and then reopen the Photos folder. See the “Memory” topic of
Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu, for more information
on managing memory.
After you open an image on a Photo CD, the image is scrambled, colors are displayed
incorrectly, or no image appears in the window.
m The program you are using may not be designed to work with large (highresolution) image files. You can open the image with another program or
you can assign more memory to the program. (For more information on
managing memory, see the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available
in the Guide [h] menu.)
After you open an image on a Photo CD, your system is “frozen” and does not respond
to any input, or you have a “bomb” message on your screen.
m Restart your Macintosh. The program you are using may not be designed
to work with large (high-resolution) image files. You can open the image
with another program, or you can assign more memory to the program (see
the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide [h] menu,
for more information on managing memory).
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If your computer’s performance decreases
If you notice a decrease in your computer’s speed and general performance
after you add special software like a control panel, system extension, or
custom utility, it may be because this software does not work well with Power
Macintosh computers.
m To find out if a system extension or control panel is the problem, use the
Extensions Manager control panel to turn off system extensions. Next, use
the Extensions Manager control panel to turn the system extensions and
control panels back on one at a time, restarting and checking your
computer’s performance each time until you identify the software that is
causing problems. Contact the software’s manufacturer for information or
an upgrade.
m To find out if a custom utility you’ve added is the problem, drag it out of
the System Folder. (This software may be in the Control Panels folder or
elsewhere inside the System Folder.) Next, restart your computer and check
its performance. If there’s an improvement, the new software was probably
the cause of the problem. Contact the software’s manufacturer for
information or an upgrade.
If you still do not notice an improvement, follow the instructions in
“Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter to reinstall
system software on your startup hard disk.
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Solving printer problems
The following suggestions should work for all printers.
m Check your printer settings in the Chooser, making sure you have selected
the correct printer.
m Next, turn off the computer and printer and check the printer cable
connections.
m If neither of these suggestions solves the problem, reinstall your printer
driver. If your printer is an older model, do not use the driver that came
with the printer. Instead, use the updated printer drivers provided on the
system software CD-ROM that came with your Power Macintosh. These
drivers are created especially for use with the Power Macintosh.
Obtaining updated Apple software
Apple software updates include all of the latest versions of Apple software,
including most printer drivers, system enablers, and updates to utilities,
networking, and communication software.
IMPORTANT Be sure to read the posted Apple Software License Agreement
before installing any software.
Currently, Apple’s Customer Service Division (CSD) posts Apple software
updates to the following online services:
m AppleLink
m eWorld
m CompuServe
m Internet: Apple Computer Higher Education gopher server
m Internet: ftp.info.apple.com (formerly ftp.austin.apple.com)
m Internet: ftp.support.apple.com
Specific paths and details for each service follow.
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AppleLink
Apple software updates are posted to the APPLE SW UPDATES board
located in the following path:
AppleLink Services (main window)
Software Sampler
Apple Software Updates
eWorld
Apple software updates are posted to the Apple Software Updates board
located in the following path:
Computer Center
Apple Customer Center
Apple Software Updates
Ask Apple Online Technical Support
You can also get your questions answered through “Ask Apple Online
Technical Support,” available through eWorld. You can expect a response to
your posted question the next business day after posting it.
To use Ask Apple Online Technical Support, log on to eWorld and go to the
Computer Center building in the Town Square. Use the following path:
Apple Customer Center (shortcut:APPLE)
Apple Technical Support (formerly Quick Answers shortcut SUPPORT)
How Do I Use This Area? or Ask Apple USA.
Inside “How Do I Use This Area,” you can choose among the following
folders to learn more about how to use Ask Apple Online Technical Support:
m What’s New in Tech Support
m How to Use Tech Support
m All About Apple Software Updates
m Ask Apple, USA FAQs
m Who Maintains What
m Support Professional Series
m If You Need to Call
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Inside the Ask Apple USA area, you have a choice of the following 10 bulletin
board areas:
m Power Macintosh—All Power Macintosh computers, A/V and GeoPort.
m Performa—All Macintosh Performa computers.
m PowerBook—All PowerBook computers, Mobile Computing and Telecom.
m Quadra and Centris—All Macintosh Centris and Quadra computers.
m Apple Software—Mac OS system software, utilities, and application
programs from Apple.
m Peripherals—Printers, scanners, monitors and multimedia hardware.
m Servers, Networks & Comm—Workgroup Servers, AppleShare, networking
and communications.
m Newton—Apple MessagePad models and Apple accessories.
m Other Macintosh Computers—Compact and modular Macintosh models.
m DOS & Windows Products—DOS compatibility cards from Apple.
Ask Apple Online Technical Support does not arrange for service or send
products. It is available only to Apple US customers with full subscriptions to
eWorld. You cannot post questions from the Internet or from outside the
United States.
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CompuServe
Apple software updates are posted to two separate areas on CompuServe:
Apple Support Forum and Apple New Updates. All updates are posted
simultaneously to both areas. Updates are removed from the Apple New
Updates area after three weeks.
Apple Support Forum (GO APLSUP) contains all software and information
libraries. Software is organized by category into separate libraries, including:
m System Software
m Apple II
m Newton
m System Enablers
m Printing
m Display & Peripheral Software
m Networking & Communications
m DOS & Windows
Apple New Updates (GO APLNEW) contains all recently published Apple
software updates, allowing you to download the latest and most popular
Apple software updates quickly and easily.
Internet: Apple Computer Higher Education gopher server
Apple recommends using TurboGopher client software to access the Apple
Computer Higher Education Gopher server. The “Apple Support Area” folder
is located in the following path:
Home Gopher Server
Computer Information
Apple Computer Higher Education gopher server
Apple Support Area
Apple SW Updates
TurboGopher Client software is available via anonymous file transfer protocol
(ftp) to boombox.micro.umn.edu in the /pub/gopher directory.
m Host name: info.hed.apple.com
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Internet: ftp.info.apple.com
This is a file transfer protocol (ftp) server with all of the latest Apple software
updates. (This ftp site was formerly called ftp.austin.apple.com.)
m Host name: ftp.info.apple.com, IP number: 204.96.16.4
m Path: ftp/Apple.Support.Area/Apple.SW.Updates
You can also download Apple software updates via our Worldwide Web server,
www.info.apple.com. The Apple web site allows you an easy way to download
Apple software updates from ftp.info.apple.com.
m URL for the Apple web site is: http://www.info.apple.com
m IP number for the Web site is: 204.96.16.2
Internet: ftp.support.apple.com
This is a file transfer protocol (ftp) server with all of the latest Apple software
updates.
m Host name: ftp.support.apple.com
m IP number: 130.43.6.3
m Path: /pub/Apple SW Updates
America Online: ftp.info.apple.com gateway
You can log onto Apple’s ftp.info.apple.com server via the America Online file
transfer protocol (ftp) gateway. To do this, you’ll need an America Online
account. Once you’re online, follow these steps:
1
Use the keyword ftp to take you to the ftp area.
2
Click the FTP button (disk with sunglasses icon)
3
In the favorite sites list, double-click ftp.info.apple.com
A dialog box will appear with the ftp.info.apple.com welcome screen.
4
Click the OK button.
5
Double-click the Apple.Support.Area folder to open it.
6
Double-click the Apple.Software.Updates folder to open it.
Each time you open a folder, a new Macintosh window opens.
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Initializing a hard disk
Before you can use a new disk, the disk must be prepared so that the
computer knows where to store information on the disk. This preparation is
called initializing (or formatting) the disk.
When do you need to initialize a hard disk?
The hard disk inside your computer was initialized at the factory, so you
shouldn’t need to initialize it. You need to initialize a hard disk only if one of
the following is true:
m You purchase a hard disk that has not been initialized at the factory.
m Your hard disk is damaged.
If a hard disk needs to be initialized, the disk’s icon does not appear on the
desktop when you start up the computer using another disk.
If the hard disk you want to initialize is not the startup disk, you can use the
Drive Setup program to initialize it. Drive Setup is located on the floppy disk
labeled Disk Tools that came with your computer. If your computer came with
a CD-ROM drive and you didn’t receive floppy disks, you can find Drive
Setup on the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. For instructions,
start Drive Setup and choose Drive Setup Guide from the Guide (h) menu.
If the hard disk you want to initialize is the startup disk, follow the
instructions in this chapter. (First, start up from a CD-ROM disc or a floppy
disk. Then follow the instructions in “How to Initialize a Hard Disk” later in
this section.)
WARNING Initializing a disk erases any information that may be on it.
Before you initialize a damaged disk, try to repair it as described in
“Repairing a Damaged Disk” later in this chapter.
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Starting up from a CD-ROM disc
To initialize, test, or repair a hard disk, or to install system software on a hard
disk, you need to start up your computer from another disk. If your computer
has a CD-ROM drive, you can start up your computer using the CD-ROM
disc containing system software that came with the computer.
To start up the computer using the CD-ROM disc, follow these steps:
1
Turn your computer on.
2
When you see the desktop on your screen, press the Open/Close button on your
CD-ROM drive, and insert the CD-ROM disc containing system software into the drive.
3
Turn your computer off.
The CD-ROM disc will remain in the CD-ROM drive.
4
Hold down the “c” key on your keyboard and restart your computer.
Continue to hold down the key until you see the “Welcome to Macintosh”
message.
Starting up from a floppy disk
To initialize, test, or repair a hard disk, or to install system software or
CD-ROM software on a hard disk, you need to start up your computer from
another disk. If you don’t have a built-in CD-ROM drive, you can start up the
computer using one of these floppy disks—Disk Tools or System Backup
Disk 1—that came with your computer.
To start up your computer using a floppy disk, follow these steps:
1
Shut down your computer.
2
Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive.
If you want to initialize, test, or repair your hard disk, use the Disk Tools
disk to start up your computer. If you want to install system software, use
the System Backup Disk 1 disk.
3
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Turn on the computer.
How to initialize a hard disk
You initialize an Apple SCSI hard disk by using a program called
Drive Setup, which is on the floppy disk labeled Disk Tools that came with
your computer. If your computer came with a CD-ROM drive and you didn’t
receive floppy disks, you can find Drive Setup on the CD-ROM disc that
contains system software. (To initialize a hard disk from another
manufacturer, use the utility software that came with the hard disk.)
1
Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains
system software.
See “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” or “Starting Up From a Floppy
Disk” earlier in this section.
2
Open the Drive Setup icon.
You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Drive Setup.
3
In the list of drives, click the disk you want to initialize.
Click the drive you
want to initialize...
...then click Initialize.
4
Click Initialize to initialize the hard disk.
5
Click Quit when you see a message reporting that initialization was successful.
If a message reports that initialization failed, try again. If initialization
fails a second time, take the disk to your Apple-authorized service provider
for repair.
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111
Repairing a damaged disk
Disks can become damaged by repeated use and handling.
When do you need to repair a disk?
If you see a message reporting that a disk is damaged or unreadable, you may
need to repair the disk.
Try these suggestions first
If you can’t start up from a hard disk or you don’t see the hard disk icon on the
desktop, try the following:
m If the hard disk is internal, shut down your Macintosh, wait at least 10
seconds, and then turn it on again.
m If the hard disk is external, make sure that it is turned on and that its cable
is connected firmly; then restart the Macintosh.
m If the hard disk is your startup disk, start up with a different startup disk. If
the hard disk’s icon appears on your desktop, reinstall system software on
the hard disk. See “Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this
chapter.
m Check the ID numbers of all SCSI equipment connected to your computer.
Your computer has two SCSI chains, an internal one and an external one.
All devices on the same SCSI chain must have unique ID numbers, but
devices on different SCSI chains may use the same SCSI ID number. (For
example, you can have a CD-ROM drive with ID number 3 connected to
the internal SCSI chain and a tape drive with ID number 3 connected to
the external SCSI chain. You cannot have two SCSI devices connected to
the external SCSI chain that both use ID number 3.)
On the internal SCSI chain, the computer itself has the ID number 7, and
the factory-installed hard disk has the number 0. If your computer came
with a CD-ROM drive installed, it is also connected to the internal SCSI
chain and has ID number 3.
On the external SCSI chain, SCSI devices are numbered from 0 to 6, or
1 to 6 if you have an additional hard drive installed (its number is 0).
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Check that both chains of devices are terminated properly. For information
on setting SCSI ID numbers and terminating a SCSI chain, see Chapter 3
of this manual and the manuals that came with your SCSI equipment
m Test the disk following the instructions that come next.
How to test a hard disk
You can test an Apple SCSI hard disk with the Drive Setup program, which is
on the floppy disk labeled Disk Tools that came with your computer. If your
computer has a built-in CD-ROM drive, and you didn’t receive floppy disks,
you can find the Drive Setup program on the CD-ROM disc that contains
system software.
1
Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains
system software.
See “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” or “Starting Up From a Floppy
Disk” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter.
2
Open the Drive Setup icon.
You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Drive Setup.
3
In the list of drives, click the disk you want to test.
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113
4
Open the Functions menu and choose Test Disk.
5
When a message tells you that testing is complete, click Quit.
If the test reveals a problem, you may be able to correct it by using Disk First
Aid or another disk repair program (see the instructions in the next section),
or you may need to reinitialize the disk (see “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier
in this chapter). Consult an Apple-authorized service provider for assistance if
necessary. If you had a hard disk from another manufacturer installed after
you bought your computer, use the software that came with the disk or contact
the disk vendor to get the latest version of software.
How to repair a hard disk or floppy disk
You can repair some types of disk damage by using the Disk First Aid
program, which is included either on the Disk Tools floppy disk or on the
CD-ROM disc containing system software that came with your computer.
1
Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains
system software.
See “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” or “Starting Up From a Floppy
Disk” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter.
2
Open the Disk First Aid icon.
You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Disk First Aid.
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3
Click the icon of the disk you want to test.
Disk icons appear in a box at the top of the Disk First Aid window.
4
Click Repair to begin testing and repairing the disk.
You can’t repair the startup disk or the disk that contains the Disk First Aid
program, but you can test these disks by clicking Verify. If the program
reveals a problem with either of these disks, start up the computer from
another disk so that you can repair the damaged disk.
If you want to test and repair another disk, click its icon and then click
Repair.
5
When testing and repair are finished, choose Quit from the File menu.
If Disk First Aid cannot correct the problem
m Try repairing the disk again. Sometimes repeating the process corrects the
problem.
m Use another disk repair or recovery program. Some disk repair programs
let you recover information from a damaged disk.
m Consult a computer repair specialist for help.
m Once you have recovered all the information you can, erase (reinitialize)
the disk. If initialization doesn’t work, discard the damaged disk (if it’s a
floppy disk), or take it to your Apple-authorized service provider for repair
(if it’s a hard disk).
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115
Installing or reinstalling system software
System software is the set of programs and other files that your computer uses
to start itself up, keep track of your files, and run the application programs
you use. System software is kept in the folder called the System Folder. When
you turn on your computer, it looks for a startup disk, which is a disk that
contains the system software. The startup disk is usually the hard disk that’s
inside your computer, though another hard disk or a floppy disk can also be a
startup disk.
The accessory kit that came with your Macintosh provides system software on
either a set of floppy disks or a CD-ROM disc. You can use the floppy disks
or the CD-ROM disc to install the system software on your Macintosh if you
need to do so.
When should you install system software?
Your Macintosh came with all the necessary system software installed on its
internal hard disk, so you don’t need to install system software on that disk
unless you encounter software problems.
If you have a new hard disk or a newly initialized hard disk that doesn’t
contain system software, or if you want to upgrade to a more recent version of
system software on a hard disk, follow the instructions in “Installing System
Software” later in this section.
When should you reinstall system software?
If you have a problem with your system software, you may see this icon in the
middle of the screen:
If this icon appears, follow the instructions in “Repairing a Damaged Disk”
earlier in this chapter to test your startup hard disk and repair any damage.
If repairing the disk doesn’t help, follow the instructions in the next section,
“Installing System Software,” to reinstall system software on your startup
hard disk.
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Installing system software
Follow the steps in this section to do what is commonly called a “normal”
installation of system software.
If you’re installing system software on a hard disk for the first time, make sure
that your hard disk has been initialized, a process that prepares the disk to
store information. If you see the hard disk’s icon on the desktop when you
start up the computer, the disk has been initialized. If no disk icon appears
when you start up, see “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter for
instructions.
To do a normal installation, follow these steps:
1
Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains
system software.
See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM
Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter.
2
Find and open the Disk First Aid icon.
You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Disk First Aid.
After Disk First Aid starts, follow the instructions on the screen. Disk First
Aid checks your hard disk for any problems.
3
When Disk First Aid has finished checking your hard disk, choose Quit from the
File menu.
4
Open the Drive Setup program.
You use the Drive Setup program to update your hard disk.
5
In the list of drives, click your startup disk.
6
Open the Functions menu and choose Update Driver.
7
When the update process is finished, quit Drive Setup.
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117
8
Shut down your computer.
9
Start up your computer from the System Backup Disk 1 disk or the CD-ROM disc that
contains system software.
See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM
Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter.
The Installer’s Welcome screen may appear or you may have to double-click
the System Software Installer icon to open the Installer program.
10
Click OK.
The Easy Install dialog box appears.
Disk on which
system software
will be installed
You click here to install
the software you need.
To install the software on a
different disk, you click here.
11
Make sure that the hard disk named in the box is the one on which you want to install
system software.
If it isn’t, click Switch Disk until the correct disk name appears.
12
Click Install.
13
Follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
If you’re installing system software from floppy disks, you see messages
asking you to insert different disks.
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14
When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, click Restart (or
“Quit,” if you’re installing from the CD-ROM disc).
Don’t forget to eject the CD-ROM disc or floppy disk containing system
software. If a message reports that installation was not successful, try
installing again. (Follow the instructions on the screen.)
If, after reinstalling system software by doing a normal installation, you still
experience problems with your computer, follow the steps in the next section
for doing a “clean” installation of system software.
IMPORTANT Certain system extensions or application programs that were
originally on your hard disk may not be installed with the Installer program.
If you notice that a certain extension or program was not installed, you may
need to install it separately. You can find these additional extensions and
programs on the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (Application
programs from other vendors can be reinstalled from backup copies you
made.) If you don’t have a CD-ROM drive, see the service and support
information that came with your computer for information on how to contact
Apple directly for assistance.
Doing a clean installation of system software
The steps in this section outline what is commonly called a “clean”
installation of system software. A clean installation allows you to discover
which item in your System Folder is causing a problem. A clean installation
creates a brand new System Folder and saves everything in your original
System Folder in a different location. You can then follow the instructions in
“Replacing Special Software,” later in this chapter, to reinstall system
extensions, control panels, and other special software one at a time from the
old System Folder to the new System Folder. This procedure allows you to
determine which item in the old System Folder was the source of the
problem.
Do a clean installation if you can’t determine what is damaged in your System
Folder (especially if you think any special software, such as control panels,
system extensions, or custom utilities, may be causing the problems you’re
experiencing). You should also do a clean installation if you’re still having
problems with your computer after you’ve reinstalled system software by
doing a normal installation.
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119
To do a clean installation, follow these steps:
1
Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains
system software.
See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM
Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter.
2
Find and open the Disk First Aid icon.
You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Disk First Aid.
After Disk First Aid starts, follow the instructions on the screen. Disk First
Aid checks your hard disk for any problems.
3
When Disk First Aid has finished checking your hard disk, choose Quit from the File
menu.
4
Open the Drive Setup program.
You use the Drive Setup program to update your hard disk.
5
In the list of drives, click your startup disk.
6
Open the Functions menu and choose Update Driver.
7
When the update process is finished, quit Drive Setup.
8
Shut down your computer.
9
Start up your computer from the System Backup Disk 1 disk or the CD-ROM disc that
contains system software.
See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM
Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter.
The Installer’s Welcome screen may appear or you may have to double-click
the System Software Installer icon to open the Installer program.
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10
Click OK.
The Easy Install dialog box appears.
For a clean installation,
DO NOT click the
Install button.
Disk on which
system software
will be installed
To install the software on a different
disk, you click this button.
11
Make sure that the hard disk named in the Destination Disk box is the one on which you
want to install system software.
If it isn’t, click Switch Disk until the correct disk name appears.
12
Hold down Shift–x–K to start the clean installation.
The following dialog box appears.
13
Click the Install New System Folder button and click OK.
The Easy Install dialog box appears. The Install button has changed to Clean
Install, and the contents of your old System Folder have been moved to a new
folder named Previous System Folder.
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14
Click Clean Install.
Click here to install the
software you need.
15
Follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
It takes a few minutes to complete the installation.
16
When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, you may need to
click Restart.
You need to click Restart only if you installed software onto the startup disk.
If a message reports that installation was not successful, try repeating the
clean installation procedure.
IMPORTANT Certain system extensions or application programs that were
originally on your hard disk may not be installed with the Installer program.
If you notice that a certain extension or program was not installed, you may
need to install it separately. You can find these additional extensions and
programs on the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (Application
programs from other vendors can be reinstalled from backup copies you
made.) If you don’t have a CD-ROM drive, see the service and support
information that came with your computer for information on how to contact
Apple directly for assistance.
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Chapter 6
Replacing special software
Special software consists of items such as control panels, system extensions,
custom utilities, fonts, or Apple menu items that you may have had in your
old System Folder. To make sure that special software does not create any
conflicts with other programs on your computer, follow this procedure to
safely replace these items in your new System Folder:
1
Copy any special software items from the Previous System Folder back to your System
Folder one item at a time, restarting the computer after copying each item.
IMPORTANT Be very careful not to replace (copy over) any of the files in the
System Folder with files from the Previous System Folder.
2
Check after each restart to make sure your computer is not having any software
problems.
If any of your special software items cause software problems, contact the
software manufacturer for assistance or an upgrade.
Doing a custom installation
For most Macintosh users, the Easy Install procedure described in the
previous sections is appropriate, because it automatically installs all the items
you need. However, if you’d like to select a combination of system software
files for your specific needs, you can customize your system software
installation. You use custom installation to install or update one or more
specific files, or to save space on your hard disk by installing only the files
you want.
To install customized system software, follow these steps:
1
Start up your computer from the System Backup Disk 1 disk or the CD-ROM disc that
contains system software.
See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM
Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter.
The Installer’s Welcome screen may appear or you may have to double-click
the System Software Installer icon to open the Installer program.
Troubleshooting
123
2
Click OK.
The Easy Install dialog box appears.
3
Choose Custom Install from the pop-up menu.
The Custom Install dialog box appears, listing all available system software
components.
4
Scroll through the list of components, clicking the checkbox next to each component
you want to install.
You can see and select individual items within each component by clicking
the arrow to the left of the component, then clicking the item you want to
install. To get additional information about each component listed, click the
box with the letter i in it to the right of the component.
5
Click Install.
6
Follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
7
When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, click Quit.
If a message reports that installation was not successful, try installing again.
(Follow the instructions on the screen.)
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Chapter 6
8
Restart your Macintosh.
The system software is installed and your computer is ready to use. Don’t
forget to eject the CD-ROM disc or floppy disk containing system software
when you are finished
Installing or reinstalling CD-ROM software
CD-ROM software is a set of programs and files that allow your CD-ROM
drive to work correctly with your computer and allow it to play different
kinds of CDs, like Photo CDs or audio CDs. If your computer came with a
CD-ROM drive installed, the CD-ROM software is part of system software
and was preinstalled for you on your computer’s hard disk. (It is also available
on floppy disks and a CD-ROM disc that came with your Macintosh.)
If you added a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer, the CD-ROM
software is probably on floppy disks that came with the drive.
When should you install or reinstall CD-ROM software?
If your Macintosh came with the CD-ROM drive already installed, you don’t
need to install the CD-ROM software unless you encounter problems. (See
“Solutions to CD-ROM Problems” earlier in this chapter for descriptions of
the kinds of problems you might encounter.)
If you added a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer, you should
install the CD-ROM software before you attempt to use the CD-ROM drive.
Installing or reinstalling CD-ROM software
1
Start up your computer from the System Backup Disk 1 disk or the CD-ROM disc that
contains your system software.
See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM
Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter.
The Installer’s Welcome screen may appear. Or, you may have to double-click
the System Software Installer icon to open the Installer program.
2
Click OK.
The Easy Install dialog box appears.
Troubleshooting
125
3
Choose Custom Install from the pop-up menu.
The Custom Install dialog box appears, listing all available system software
components.
4
Select Multimedia Software by clicking the checkbox next to it.
To get additional information about each component listed, click the box with
the letter i in it to the right of the component.
5
Click Install.
6
Follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
7
When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, click Quit.
If a message reports that installation was not successful, try installing again.
(Follow the instructions on the screen.)
8
Restart your Macintosh.
The CD-ROM software is reinstalled and your computer is ready to use. Don’t
forget to eject the CD-ROM disc or floppy disk containing system software
when you are finished.
126
Chapter 6
Appendix A
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
Appendix B
Installing an Expansion Card
Appendix C
Special Keys on Your Keyboard
III
part
Read this appendix for important
health and safety instructions,
as well as tips on keeping your
computer in good working order.
Appendix A
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
For your own safety and that of your equipment, follow all the instructions in
this chapter. Keep these instructions available for reference by you and others.
Health-related information about computer use
Muscle soreness, eye fatigue, and other discomforts and injuries sometimes
associated with using computers can occur from performing any number of
activities. In fact, misuse of the same muscles during multiple activities can
create a problem that might not otherwise exist. For example, if you engage in
nonwork activities that involve repetitive stress on the wrist—such as
bicycling—and also use your computer’s keyboard improperly, you may
increase your likelihood of developing wrist problems. Some individuals are
at greater risk of developing these problems because of their health,
physiology, lifestyle, and general exposure to stress. Work organization and
conditions, such as workstation setup and lighting, also play a part in your
overall health and comfort. Preventing health problems is a multifaceted task
that requires careful attention to the way you use your body every hour of
every day.
The most common health effects associated with using a computer are
musculoskeletal discomfort and eye fatigue. We’ll discuss each area of
concern.
129
Musculoskeletal discomfort
As with any activity that involves sitting for long periods of time, using a
computer can make your muscles sore and stiff. To minimize these effects, set
up your work environment carefully, using the guidelines that follow, and take
frequent breaks to rest tired muscles. To make working with your computer
more comfortable, allow enough space in your work area so that you can
change position frequently and maintain a relaxed posture.
Another type of musculoskeletal concern is repetitive stress injuries (RSIs),
also known as cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs). These problems can
occur when a certain muscle or tendon is repeatedly overused and forced into
an unnatural position. The exact causes of RSIs are not totally understood, but
in addition to awkward posture, such factors as the amount of repetition, the
force used in the activity, the individual’s physiology, workplace stress level,
and lifestyle may affect the likelihood of experiencing an RSI.
RSIs did not suddenly arise when computers were invented; tennis elbow and
writer’s cramp, for example, are two RSIs that have been with us for a long
time. Although less common than other RSIs, one serious RSI discussed more
often today is a wrist problem called carpal tunnel syndrome, which may be
aggravated by improper use of computer keyboards. This nerve disorder
results from excessive pressure on the median nerve as it passes through the
wrist to the hand.
This section offers advice on setting up your work area to enhance your
comfort while you use your computer. Since the effects of repetitive
movements associated with using a computer can be compounded by those of
other work and leisure activities to produce or aggravate physical problems,
proper use of your computer system must be considered as just one element
of a healthy lifestyle.
No one, of course, can guarantee that you won’t have problems even when you
follow the most expert advice on using computer equipment. You should
always check with a qualified health specialist if muscle, joint, or eye
problems occur.
130
Appendix A
Eye fatigue
Eye fatigue can occur whenever the eyes are focused on a nearby object for a
long time. This problem occurs because the eye muscles must work harder to
view an object that’s closer than about 20 feet (6 meters). Improper lighting
can hasten the development of eye fatigue. Although eye fatigue is annoying,
there’s no evidence that it leads to permanent damage.
Whenever you’re engaged in an activity that involves close-up work—such as
reading a magazine, doing craft work, or using a computer—be sure to have
sufficient glare-free lighting and give your eyes frequent rest breaks by
looking up and focusing on distant objects. Remember to have your eyes
examined regularly.
To prevent discomfort and eye fatigue:
m Arrange your work space so that the furniture is properly adjusted for you
and doesn’t contribute to an awkward working posture.
m Take frequent short breaks to give your muscles and eyes a chance to rest.
Arranging your office
Here are some guidelines for adjusting the furniture in your office to
accommodate your physical size and shape.
m An adjustable chair that provides firm, comfortable support is best. Adjust
the height of the chair so your thighs are horizontal and your feet flat on
the floor.
The back of the chair should support your lower back (lumbar region).
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adjusting the backrest to fit your
body properly.
m When you use the computer keyboard, your shoulders should be relaxed.
Your upper arm and forearm should form an approximate right angle, with
your wrist and hand in roughly a straight line.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
131
You may have to raise your chair so your forearms and hands are at the
proper angle to the keyboard. If this makes it impossible to rest your feet
flat on the floor, you can use a footrest with adjustable height and tilt to
make up for any gap between the floor and your feet. Or you may lower
the desktop to eliminate the need for a footrest. Another option is to use a
desk with a keyboard tray that’s lower than the regular work surface.
m Position the mouse at the same height as your keyboard. Allow adequate
space to use the mouse comfortably.
m Arrange the monitor so the top of the screen is slightly below your eye
level when you’re sitting at the keyboard. The best distance from your eyes
to the screen is up to you, although most people seem to prefer 18 to 28
inches (45 to 70 cm).
m Position the monitor to minimize glare and reflections on the screen from
overhead lights and windows. You may want to use a tiltable monitor
stand. The stand lets you set the monitor at the best angle for viewing,
helping to reduce or eliminate glare from lighting sources you can’t move.
45–70 cm (18–28 in.)
Shoulders relaxed
Forearms and hands
in a straight line
Forearms level
or tilted up slightly
Lower back supported
Top of the screen at or slightly
below eye level (You may need
to adjust the height of your
monitor by placing something
under it or by raising your
work surface.)
Screen positioned to avoid
reflected glare
Clearance under work surface
Thighs horizontal
Feet flat on the floor
132
Appendix A
Avoiding fatigue
m Change your seated position, stand up, or stretch whenever you start to feel
tired. Frequent short breaks are helpful in reducing fatigue.
m Use a light touch when typing or using a mouse and keep your hands and
fingers relaxed.
m Some computer users may develop discomfort in their hands, wrists, or
arms after intensive work without breaks. If you begin to develop chronic
pain or discomfort in your hands, wrists, or arms, consult a qualified
health specialist.
m Allow adequate work space so that you can use your keyboard and mouse
comfortably. Place papers or other items so you can view them easily while
using your computer. A document stand may make reading papers more
comfortable.
m Eye muscles must work harder to focus on nearby objects. Occasionally
focus your eyes on a distant object, and blink often while you work.
m Clean your screen regularly. Keeping the screen clean helps reduce
unwanted reflections.
What about electromagnetic emissions?
There has been recent public discussion of the possible health effects of
prolonged exposure to extremely low frequency (ELF) and very low
frequency (VLF) electromagnetic fields. Such fields are associated with
electromagnetic sources such as television sets, electrical wiring, and some
household appliances—as well as computer monitors.
Apple has reviewed scientific reports and sought the counsel of government
regulatory agencies and respected health organizations. Based on the
prevailing evidence and opinions, Apple believes that the electric and
magnetic fields produced by computer monitors do not pose a health risk.
In response to those customers who wish to reduce their exposure to
electromagnetic fields, Apple has lowered the emission levels of our products.
We are also actively encouraging further scientific research so we can
continue to promote the health and safety of our customers and employees.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
133
Safety instructions
For your own safety and that of your equipment, always take the following
precautions.
Turn off the computer completely and disconnect the power plug (by pulling
the plug, not the cord) if any of the following conditions exists:
m the power cord or plug becomes frayed or otherwise damaged
m you spill something into the case
m your Macintosh is exposed to rain or any other excess moisture
m your Macintosh has been dropped or the case has been otherwise damaged
m you suspect that your Macintosh needs service or repair
m you want to clean the case (use only the recommended procedure
described later in this chapter)
Be sure that you always do the following:
m Keep your Macintosh away from sources of liquids, such as wash basins,
bathtubs, shower stalls, and so on.
m Protect your Macintosh from dampness or wet weather, such as rain, snow,
and so on.
m Read all the installation instructions carefully before you plug your
Macintosh into a wall socket.
m Keep these instructions handy for reference by you and others.
m Follow all instructions and warnings dealing with your system.
WARNING Electrical equipment may be hazardous if misused. Operation
of this product, or similar products, must always be supervised by an
adult. Do not allow children access to the interior of any electrical
product and do not permit them to handle any cables.
134
Appendix A
Handling your computer equipment
Follow these guidelines for handling your computer and its components:
m When setting up your computer, place components on a sturdy, flat surface,
and carefully follow all setup instructions.
m When connecting or disconnecting a cable, always hold the cable by its
connector (the plug, not the cord).
m Turn off your computer and all its components before connecting or
disconnecting any cables to add or remove any component. Failure to do so
could seriously damage your equipment.
m Never force a connector into a port. If the connector and port do not join
with reasonable ease, they probably don’t match. Make sure that the
connector matches the port and that you have positioned the connector
correctly in relation to the port.
m Take care not to spill any food or liquid on the computer, keyboard, mouse,
or other components. If you do, turn your computer off immediately and
unplug it before cleaning up the spill. Depending on what you spilled and
how much of it got into your equipment, you may have to bring your
equipment to an Apple-authorized service provider.
m Protect the computer and its components from direct sunlight and rain or
other moisture.
m Keep all ventilation openings clear and unobstructed. Without proper air
circulation, components can overheat, causing damage or unreliable
operation.
WARNING This equipment is intended to be electrically grounded. Your
Macintosh is equipped with a three-wire grounding plug—a plug that
has a third (grounding) pin. This plug will fit only a grounded AC
outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug into
the outlet, contact a licensed electrician to replace the outlet with a
properly grounded outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the grounding
plug!
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
135
Handling the monitor
Follow these procedures for handling a monitor:
m Your Macintosh comes with an energy-saving feature that dims the screen
and puts the computer to “sleep” when it hasn’t been used in a specified
length of time. (By default, the time setting is 30 minutes, but you may
have changed the time setting using the Energy Saver control panel.) You
can also turn down the screen brightness control if you leave the computer
turned on for extended periods. If the brightness is not turned down, the
image on the screen could “burn in” and damage the screen.
Another alternative is to use a “screen saver” program, which dims or
varies the image on the screen when the computer has been idle for a
specified period of time. These programs are available from independent
suppliers and user groups.
m Make sure that the ventilation openings on the computer and the monitor
are clear and unobstructed.
m Some large monitors cannot safely be placed on top of the computer.
Check the instructions that came with the monitor for setup information.
m If there is interference on the monitor’s screen or on a television or radio
near your computer, move the affected equipment farther away.
Handling the keyboard
Take care not to spill any liquid on the keyboard. If you do, turn off your
computer immediately.
m If you spill liquid that is thin and clear, unplug the keyboard, turn it upside
down to let the liquid drain out, and let it dry for 24 hours at room
temperature. If, after you take these steps, the keyboard doesn’t work, take
it to an Apple-authorized service provider for repair.
m If you spill liquid that is greasy, sweet, or sticky, unplug the keyboard and
take it to an Apple-authorized service provider for repair.
136
Appendix A
Handling floppy disks
Store disks at
temperatures
between 50° F
and 125° F.
Do not use a
pencil or an
eraser on a disk
or disk label.
Keep disks dry.
125° F (52° C)
50° F (10° C)
Do not touch the
exposed part of the
disk behind the
metal shutter.
Keep disks away
from magnets.
Avoid exposing
disks to extremely
hot temperatures.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
137
Handling CD-ROM discs
Keep these important safety instructions in mind as you use CD-ROM discs:
m Hold a disc by the edges or by one edge and the center hole. Do not touch
the disc surface.
m To clean discs, wipe the shiny surface with a soft damp cloth, working in
straight lines from center to edge. Do not use any form of cleaning agent.
m To avoid damage to your discs, keep these points in mind:
138
Appendix A
Do not expose discs
to direct sunlight.
Do not write on
discs.
Do not spill liquids
on discs.
Do not put tape
on discs.
Do not scratch
discs.
Do not get
dust on discs.
Other important safety instructions to keep in mind as you use your
CD-ROM drive.
m Position your computer so that when the tray opens, it doesn’t bump
into anything.
m Do not leave the disc tray open. If dust gets on the lens of the CD-ROM
drive, the drive may have problems reading your compact discs.
m Do not put anything (for instance, a cup) on top of the tray when it is open.
m Do not force the tray open by hand.
m Do not wipe the lens with a paper towel or other abrasive surface. If you
need to clean the lens, see an Apple-authorized service provider for a lens
cleaner.
m Never transport your computer with a disc inside the CD-ROM drive.
m Keep your computer equipment away from any source of liquid (such as
wash basins, bathtubs, and shower stalls). If you drink coffee or other
beverages while you’re at your computer, take care not to spill.
m Avoid exposing your equipment to damp or wet weather. If your system is
near a window, be sure the window is closed in rainy weather.
The tray on your CD-ROM drive automatically closes when you shut down
your computer. You may want to open the tray and take out your CD-ROM
disc before shutting down.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
139
Ejecting a disk
For instructions on ejecting a floppy disk or a removable media disk, see the
“Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu.
If you can’t eject a floppy disk
If you can’t eject a floppy disk in the usual way, try the following in order:
m Hold down the x and Shift keys and press the number 1 key at the upper
left of your keyboard to eject a disk in the internal disk drive.
m Turn off the computer. If the disk isn’t ejected, then hold down the button
on your mouse or other pointing device while you turn the computer on
again.
m Locate the small hole near the disk drive’s opening, and carefully insert the
end of a large straightened paper clip into it. Push gently until the disk is
ejected. Do not use excessive force.
If nothing works, take the computer or disk drive to your Apple-authorized
service provider to have the disk removed.
Power supply
The power supply in your computer is a high-voltage component and should
not be opened for any reason, even when the computer is off. If the power
supply needs service, contact your Apple-authorized dealer or service
provider.
140
Appendix A
Cleaning your equipment
Follow these general rules when cleaning the outside of your computer and
its components:
m Use a damp, soft, lint-free cloth to clean the computer’s exterior. Avoid
getting moisture in any openings.
m Don’t use aerosol sprays, solvents, or abrasives.
Cleaning the computer case
To clean the case, do the following:
1
Turn off the computer completely and then disconnect the power plug. (Pull the plug, not
the cord.)
2
Wipe the surfaces lightly with a clean, soft cloth dampened with water.
Cleaning the monitor
To clean the screen, put household glass cleaner on a soft cloth and wipe the
screen. Don’t spray the cleaner directly on the screen, because the liquid
might drip into the monitor or computer.
Cleaning the mouse
The mouse contains a small ball that must roll smoothly for the mouse to
work properly. You can keep this ball free of dirt and grease by using the
mouse on a clean, lint-free surface and cleaning it occasionally.
You need a few cotton swabs and a clean, soft, lint-free cloth.
1
Turn off your computer.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
141
2
Turn the mouse upside-down and turn the plastic ring on the bottom counterclockwise
to disengage it.
On some mouse devices, you may need to press the plastic ring (rather than
turn it) to disengage it.
If the mouse is locked, see the next section, “Locking and Unlocking the
Mouse,” for instructions on how to unlock it.
3
Turn the mouse right-side up with one hand and catch the ring and the ball with your
other hand.
4
Clean the three small rollers inside the mouse with a cotton swab moistened with water.
Rotate the rollers to clean all around them.
142
Appendix A
5
Wipe the mouse ball with a clean, soft, dry, and lint-free cloth.
6
If necessary, wash the mouse ball with warm soapy water (use a mild soap such as a
dishwashing liquid) and then dry the mouse ball thoroughly.
7
Gently blow into the mouse case to remove any dust that has collected there.
8
Put the ball and the ring back in place.
Your mouse should roll smoothly across your mouse pad or desk. If it doesn’t,
repeat these instructions carefully.
Locking and unlocking the mouse
Some mouse devices can be locked so that the ball can’t be removed. A
locking mouse has a small hole on the plastic ring.
To lock the mouse, follow these steps:
1
Insert a straightened paper clip into the hole on the plastic ring.
Insert a straightened paper clip into this hole.
(The hole may be located here on your mouse.)
2
Press down on the paper clip while you turn the ring clockwise.
Turn the ring a very short distance, until it stops. When the recessed area on
the ring is not lined up with the recessed area surrounding the ring, the mouse
is locked.
Recessed area on ring
Recessed area surrounding ring
The mouse ring is locked when the recessed area on the ring
does not line up with the recessed area surrounding the ring.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
143
To unlock the mouse, follow these steps:
1
Insert a straightened paper clip into the hole on the plastic ring.
Insert a straightened paper clip into this hole.
(The hole may be located here on your mouse.)
2
Press down on the paper clip while you turn the ring counterclockwise.
Turn the ring a very short distance. When the recessed area on the ring is
lined up with the recessed area surrounding the ring, the mouse is unlocked.
Recessed area on ring
Recessed area surrounding ring
The mouse ring is unlocked when the recessed area on the
ring lines up with the recessed area surrounding the ring.
144
Appendix A
Read this appendix for instructions
on installing an expansion card
in your computer.
Appendix B
Installing an Expansion Card
You can install printed circuit boards (called cards) for video and graphics
applications, networking and communications, additional processing power,
or other purposes. The cards fit into connectors, called expansion slots, inside
the computer.
Your Macintosh has three expansion slots, each designed to accept a
Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) card. Install only expansion cards
that come with Macintosh drivers and are compliant with the PCI 2.0
standard. NuBus™ cards cannot be used in these expansion slots. There is also
an expansion slot that contains the computer’s processor card. (The processor
card can be upgraded by replacing it with a more powerful processor card.)
WARNING To avoid damaging your computer and expansion card, do not
attempt to install any expansion card without first checking the
documentation for that card. If the documentation specifies that an
Apple-certified technician must install the card (usually because the
installation requires special training or tools), consult the service and
support information that came with your computer for instructions on
how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for
assistance. If you attempt to install the card yourself, any damage you
may cause to the computer or card will not be covered by the limited
warranty on your computer. If the card is not an Apple-labeled product,
check with an Apple-authorized dealer or service provider to see if you
can install it yourself.
145
Expansion card power requirements
The combined power consumption of expansion cards must not exceed the
limits specified for your Macintosh model. If you have more than one
expansion card installed, check the information that came with your cards to
make sure that their power consumption is within the limits specified in the
Technical Information booklet.
Card installation
1
Turn off the computer.
Leave the computer plugged in to ground it and protect its components from
static electricity damage.
2
Loosen the four large screws at the corners of the back panel.
Do not completely remove the screws or the back panel.
146
Appendix B
3
Remove the cover from the computer.
Slide the cover away from the back panel an inch or two. Then raise the cover
straight up and off the computer.
Installing an Expansion Card
147
4
Touch the metal part of the power supply case inside the computer to discharge static
electricity.
Always do this before you touch any parts, or install any components, inside
the computer.
Power supply
148
Appendix B
5
Lower the retainer.
Squeeze the sides of the retainer and pull down.
To lower the retainer, squeeze the sides to unlatch it.
Installing an Expansion Card
149
6
Being careful not to touch the sharp edges, pull out the metal access port cover behind
the expansion slot you want to use, and set the access port cover aside.
1 Press apart the two
levers that are next to
the card access port
to release the access
port cover.
2 Slide the access port cover out and away from the access port.
7
Remove the card from its static-proof bag.
Hold the card by its edges to avoid touching the connector.
Connector
150
Appendix B
8
Align the connector end of the card with the expansion slot.
If your expansion card is
full-length, be sure that
it engages the card guide
in the computer’s interior.
Connector
9
Expansion slot
Press the card gently but firmly until the connector is fully inserted.
m Slide the card between the two levers that held the access port cover you
removed earlier. You may need to press the levers apart slightly to guide the
card between them.
m Don’t force the card. If you meet a lot of resistance, pull the card out and
try again.
m To see if the card is properly connected, pull it gently. If it resists and stays
in place, it’s connected. (Make sure you don’t pull the card so much that
you accidentally disconnect it.)
If you have other cards to install, put them in now by repeating steps 6
through 9.
Installing an Expansion Card
151
10
Replace the retainer.
Snap the retainer
back into place.
This guide on the retainer
engages the processor card
in the computer.
152
Appendix B
Processor card
When the card is properly seated, the levers
snap into place and secure the card.
11
Replace the cover on the computer.
Lower the cover all the way down onto the case. Push the cover back until it
touches the back panel.
12
Tighten the screws on the back panel.
You may now turn on the computer and use its expanded capabilities.
WARNING Never turn on your computer unless all of its internal and
external parts are in place. Operating the computer when it is open or
missing parts can be dangerous, and can damage your computer.
Installing an Expansion Card
153
Upgrading the processor
Your computer’s processor can be upgraded with the installation of a
processor upgrade card.
To upgrade the processor, remove the old processor card following the
instructions in this chapter for opening the computer safely. Then, the new
processor card can be installed following the procedure in this chapter for
installing expansion cards. (Note that an access port cover does not need to
be removed as described in step 6 of “Card Installation” earlier in this
chapter.)
IMPORTANT The processor card can be damaged by static electricity. To avoid
damaging the card, hold it only by the edges—do not touch the connectors or
the components on the card.
Refer to the documentation that came with the processor upgrade card for
important installation instructions specific to the card.
Processor card (behind retainer)
154
Appendix B
Read this appendix to learn
how to use the special
keys on your keyboard.
Appendix C
Special Keys on Your Keyboard
Your computer keyboard contains certain special keys that typewriter
keyboards don’t have. Many of these keys allow you to give commands to
the computer without using the mouse. For example, in many application
programs, you can press the x (Command) key at the same time as the Q key
to quit a program.
The following table describes what you can do with the special keys on your
keyboard. The special keys on your keyboard depend on the model of
keyboard you have; some keyboards do not have all the keys listed here.
Special keys on Apple keyboards
Arrow keys
Caps Lock key
Clear key
x (Command) key
Use to move the insertion point, as an alternative to using the
pointer. In some programs, the arrow keys have other functions.
Use to capitalize a series of letters (numbers and symbols
aren’t affected).
caps
lock
num
lock
clear
Use to delete the current selection (or use the Delete key).
In some programs, Clear has other functions.
Use in combination with other keys as an alternative to
choosing a menu command.
continued .
155
Special keys on Apple keyboards (continued)
Control key
control
Delete key
Use to delete selected material, or the character to the left of the
insertion point.
delete
Enter key
enter
Escape key
esc
Function keys
F1
Option key
Numeric keys
alt
option
num
lock
clear
=
/
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
*
Use in combination with other keys to produce special
characters or modify actions.
Use to produce numbers and mathematical symbols; some
programs use these keys as function keys to initiate actions.
Use to move the insertion point to the beginning of the next line.
In a dialog box, pressing Return is the same as clicking the
outlined button.
return
Shift key
Use to produce capital letters (or the upper character
on the key).
shift
Tab key
Use to move the insertion point to the next stopping place
(such as a tab stop or field in a dialog box or program).
tab
ins
help
home
page
up
end
page
down
del
Appendix C
Some programs allow you to use the 12 function keys to give
commands. You can assign commands or action sequences to
function keys with special utility programs.
On some models, press to turn on the computer. Also press to
shut down the computer, to put the computer to sleep, or to
restart the computer.
Return key
156
The function of this key depends on the program you’re using.
enter
Power key
Other special keys
In a dialog box, pressing Enter is the same as clicking the
outlined button. In some programs, pressing this key confirms
information you have provided.
3
.
0
In combination with other keys, this key provides shortcuts or
modifies other actions.
The function of these keys depends on the operating system
and program you’re using.
Typing special characters and symbols
You can type a variety of international and other special symbols and
characters (including characters with diacritical marks, such as accents)
by pressing combinations of keys.
The Key Caps program, which is installed with your system software, shows
you the characters produced when you type certain keys and key
combinations in the fonts available on your computer. Choose Key Caps from
the Apple (K) menu, then choose the font from the Key Caps menu.
Characters appear
here when you press
keys on the keyboard
or click them in
the window.
Characters available
in the Chicago font
To have Key Caps show more options for special characters, press each of
these keys or key combinations: Option, Shift, Shift-Option, Shift-x, and
Option-x.
Characters available
in the Chicago font
when the Option key
is pressed
The highlighted key represents the
key held down on the keyboard—
in this case, the Option key.
If you press the Option key, Key Caps outlines lightly the keys that you can
use in combination with letter keys to type letters with accents or other
diacritical marks.
Special Keys on Your Keyboard
157
If you see rectangles: If you see rectangles instead of diacritical marks on
some of the pictures of keys in Key Caps, try pressing Option-x to see the
diacritical marks. However, you only need to use the Option key (not
Option-x) in combination with the other keys to type letters with diacritical
marks.
If you press the Option key at the same time as a key for a specific diacritical
mark and then release both keys, Key Caps outlines in bold the keys for
letters that can be typed with that mark. (You’ll see that most key
combinations for diacritical marks can be used with the Space bar as well
as letter keys—producing the mark without a letter.)
The most common diacritical marks and how to create them are summarized
next.
Diacritical mark
Key combination
Grave accent ( ` )
Option-`, then type the character
Acute accent ( ´ )
Option-e, then type the character
Circumflex (^)
Option-i, then type the character
Tilde (~)
Option-n, then type the character
Umlaut ( ¨ )
Option-u, then type the character
The letter “c” with a cedilla (ç)
Option-c
m To type a letter or a space with a specific diacritical mark, press the Option key and
the key for the mark simultaneously. Then type the letter that needs the mark.
If you are having trouble getting a mark and letter to appear together, try
again. Be sure to press the Option key before (or at the same time as) the
key for the mark; then, after you release both keys, type the letter to be
marked.
158
Appendix C
Special key combinations
If difficulties with your mouse or computer don’t allow you to use standard
methods of quitting a program or restarting your computer, you can try using
these special key combinations.
To do this...
…press this key combination
Force a program to quit
x-Option-Esc
Force the computer to restart
x–Control–Power key
Here are other key combinations you may find useful:
To do this…
…press this key combination
Start a “debugging” program used by software programmers*
x-Power key
Start the computer from a CD-ROM disc
C key (at startup)
Ignore SCSI ID 0 (zero)
x-Option-Shift-Delete
Turn off system extensions
Shift key (while starting up)
Rebuild the desktop
Option-x (while starting up)
*If you do not have a debugging program installed, your screen displays a caret prompt (>). To return to the desktop,
type “G.”
Special Keys on Your Keyboard
159
If you can’t find what you’re looking for
in this index, look in Macintosh Guide—
available in the Guide (h) menu
on your computer.
Index
A
AAUI Ethernet connector 64
AAUI Ethernet port 40, 41
About Apple Extras file 24
accent marks, typing 157–158
access covers for expansion slots 41
access port cover 150
active program 17, 69–70
acute accent (´), typing 158
ADB ports. 7, 8, 41, 94
air circulation around computer
components 135
America Online, obtaining Apple
software updates from 108
Apple-authorized service providers
adding internal drives 63
attaching devices to the internal SCSI
interface 59
damaged equipment 93, 95, 98
ejecting floppy disks 90, 140
hard disk initialization failure
111, 115
installing additional memory 63
installing expansion cards 145
interference with radio or television
reception vi
liquid spills on keyboard 136
removing extra built-in SCSI
terminators 61
repair service 82, 83
replacing the clock battery 86
“sad Macintosh” icon on screen 88
servicing the power supply 140
AppleCD Audio Player program 75,
76, 98
Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) ports 7, 8,
41, 94
Apple Extensions Manager 69
AppleLink, obtaining Apple software
updates from 105
Apple PlainTalk Microphone, connecting
2, 45–46
AppleScript program 67
Apple software updates, obtaining
104–108
AppleTalk control panel 65
Application menu
activating the Finder 28, 35
Hide Others/Show All commands 70
identifying the active program 17,
69–70
switching programs 17, 70
application programs
active and open 69–70
“can’t be found” message 72, 95
161
“can’t be opened because a file can’t
found” message 72, 96
compatibility with older Macintosh
programs 96
installing 67–69
memory problems 91
not installed with the Installer program
119, 122
opening 17
Power Macintosh “native”
applications 71–72
switching 70
won’t start or quit unexpectedly 91
arrow keys 155
arrow pointer
“freezes” and won’t move 23, 81–82,
93, 102
moving 15–16
Ask Apple Online Technical Support
service 105–106
At Ease 98
audio cables 50–57
audio CDs
adjusting volume control 48, 101
playing 76
troubleshooting 101–102
audio equipment, connecting 42–48
Audio File Access CD-ROM
extension 100
Audio In/Out ports (on video equipment)
51–53, 55–57
Audio In port (on stereo speakers) 47
audio input/output ports (on computer)
41, 42, 45, 51–53, 55–57
automatic startup/shutdown 20
A/V panel 42
B
backing up
files and disks 71
programs 68
Balloon Help 36
battery in computer’s clock, replacing 86
162
Index
blinking question mark icon,
troubleshooting 86–87, 116
“bomb” icon/message, troubleshooting
81, 83, 92, 102
BOOTP bootstrapping protocol 65
brightness control on monitor 13,
85, 136
C
cables
audio 45, 50–57
checking connections 85, 93
keyboard 2, 7–8
monitor 2, 6
mouse 7–8, 93
network 64
safety instructions for 135
SCSI 59–61, 62
stereo speaker 47
video 50–57
Caps Lock key 155
carpal tunnel syndrome 130
CD-ROM discs
can’t open a document on 100
damaged 100
ejecting 75
eject unexpectedly 100
icon doesn’t appear on desktop 99
inserting 68, 74
overview 73
playing audio CDs 76
problems using ISO 9660 or High
Sierra discs 101
removing scratches on 100
safety instructions for 138–139
saving changed information 100
starting At Ease from 98
“This is not a Macintosh disk: Do you
want to initialize it”
message 100
using Photo CDs 77
CD-ROM disc that contains system
software, starting the computer
from 110
CD-ROM drive
computer won’t restart after copying
software to System Folder
90, 97
computer won’t restart with a disc in
the drive 86, 90
icon doesn’t appear on screen 97
illustration 40
opening/closing the tray 74, 75, 98
safety instructions for vii, 139
software problems 90, 97
CD-ROM software, installing 125–126
cedilla (ç), typing 158
chair, adjusting for optimal support and
comfort 131
circumflex (^), typing 158
C key (at startup), to start from a CDROM disc 159
cleaning computer equipment 141–143.
See also safety instructions
clean installation of system software
119–123
Clear key 155
clock in computer keeps time
inaccurately 86
close box 18
in Macintosh Guide 34, 35
closing the cover on the computer 153
x (Command)-Control-Power keys, to
restart the computer 83, 159
x (Command)-E keys, to eject a CDROM disc 75
x (Command) key 155
x (Command)-Option-Esc keys, to quit a
program 83, 93, 159
x (Command)-Option keys, to rebuild
the desktop 84, 159
x (Command)-Option-p-r keys, to restart
the computer 85
x (Command)-Option-Shift-Delete keys,
to ignore SCSI ID 0 (zero) 159
x (Command)-Power keys, to start a
debugging program 159
x (Command)-Shift-1 keys, to eject a
floppy disk 89, 140
x (Command)-Shift-K keys, to start a
clean installation of system
software 121
composite video connections
for input from a camera 53
for input from a VCR 52
for output from the computer 56
for using a television as a monitor 57
composite video connectors 49, 50.
See also RCA-type connectors
composite video input/output ports (on
computer) 41–42, 51–53, 55–57
CompuServe, obtaining Apple software
updates from 107
computer components. See equipment
computer power cord 2, 3
connecting
audio equipment 42–48
the computer 3
external stereo speakers 47–48
a microphone 45–46
a monitor 4–6
the mouse and keyboard 7–8
to a network 64–65
SCSI devices 59–62
video equipment 48–58
connectors
AAUI Ethernet 64
miniplug 43, 44, 47
RCA-type 44, 49, 50, 54
safety instructions for 135
S-video 49, 50, 54
Control key 156
control panels
AppleTalk 65
Energy Saver 19–20, 136
Extensions Manager 84, 91, 92, 100,
103
Memory 91, 96
Monitors 85
PC Exchange 95, 96
Sound & Displays 48
TCP/IP 65
turning off 91, 92
cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) 130
Index
163
customer service
obtaining Apple software updates
104–108
support hotline 24
custom installation of system software
123–125
Custom Install dialog box 124, 126
D
Delete key 156
desktop
At Ease and 98
rebuilding 84, 89, 95
device drivers, SCSI 62
DHCP bootstrapping protocol 65
diacritical marks, typing 157–158
diagnosing problems. See Appleauthorized service providers;
error messages; troubleshooting
dialog boxes
Custom Install 124, 126
Easy Install 118, 121–122
Energy Star 11, 19
DIMMs. See Dual Inline Memory
Modules (DIMMs)
dim screen 20, 85, 136
disconnecting the computer 3, 134
Disk First Aid program
installing system software 117, 120
repairing damaged disks 114–115
disks. See CD-ROM discs; floppy disks;
hard disk
Disk Tools disk, starting the computer
from 110
disk with an X icon 87
display. See monitor; screen
documents. See also files
can’t open 95
opening DOS documents on the
Macintosh 95, 96
DRAM. See dynamic RAM
drivers
printer 104
SCSI device 62
164
Index
Drive Setup program
hard disk icon doesn’t appear 88
initializing a hard disk 109, 111
overview 67
testing a hard disk 113–114
updating the hard disk 117, 120
Dual Inline Memory Modules
(DIMMs) 63
dual RCA-type connectors 44, 50–52,
54–55, 57
dynamic RAM, adding 63
E
Easy Access, turning off 94
Easy Install dialog box 118, 121–122
Eject CD command (AppleCD Audio
Player File menu) 75, 98
ejecting
CD-ROM discs 75, 98
floppy disks 89–90, 140
electromagnetic emissions from computer
monitors 133
Energy Saver control panel 19–20, 136
energy-saving options, setting 11,
19, 136
Energy Star dialog box 11, 19
Enter key 156
equipment
arranging to prevent discomfort
131–132
cleaning 141–143
guidelines for handling 135–139
illustration 2, 40–41
setting up 1–8
error messages. See also troubleshooting
“Application program can’t be found”
72, 95
“Application program can’t be opened
because a file can’t be found”
72, 96
blinking question mark icon
86–87, 116
“bomb” icon/message 81, 83, 92, 102
“Can’t open a document...” 95
“Could not create a socket” 65
disk with an X icon 87
“Not enough memory” 72, 91
“sad Macintosh” icon 88
“This is not a Macintosh disk: Do you
want to initialize it?” 100
“Unable to locate host” 65
what to do about 81, 82–83, 92
Escape key 156
Ethernet network, connecting to 64–65
Ethernet ports 40, 41
eWorld program 67, 105–106
expansion card
installing 145–154
power requirements of 146
expansion slots 145, 151
access covers for 41
extended miniplugs 43
Extensions Manager control panel 84,
91, 92, 100, 103
external stereo speakers, connecting
47–48
eye fatigue from computer use 129,
131, 133
F
fatigue, tips for avoiding 133
FDDI networks 64
File menu
Eject CD command (AppleCD Audio
Player program) 75, 98
Put Away command 75, 98
files. See also documents
backing up 71
file sharing, CD-ROM discs and 78
Finder, activating 28, 35
floating-point unit (FPU) 91
floppy disk drive, illustration 40
floppy disks
backing up 71
can’t eject 89–90, 140
computer can’t read 89
repairing 114–115
safety instructions for 137
folders. See System Folder;
Utilities folder
Foreign File Access extension 100, 101
formatting a hard disk 109–111
frozen pointer 93
Function keys 156
furniture, arranging to prevent discomfort
131–132
G
graphics, using Photo CDs 77
grave accent (`), typing 158
grounding the computer 3, 135
Guide menu. See also Macintosh Guide
Shortcuts command 37–38
Show/Hide Balloons command 36
using 16, 17, 24, 27–28
H
hard disk
backing up files on 71
can’t start up from 112–113
icon doesn’t appear on screen 88–89,
112–113
initializing 109–111
repairing 112–115
testing 113–114
using space as virtual memory 71
hard disk drive, illustration 40
health-related information about
computer use 129–133
help. See Apple-authorized service
providers; Balloon Help;
customer service; Macintosh
Guide; troubleshooting
Hide Balloons command (Guide menu)
36
Hide Others command (Application
menu) 70
hiding/showing windows on the
desktop 70
High Sierra CD-ROM discs, problems
using 101
“Huh?” button, Macintosh Guide 35
Index
165
166
Index
I, J
K
icons
ADB 7, 8
application program 18
blinking question mark 86–87, 116
“bomb” 81, 83, 92, 102
defined 17, 18
Disk First Aid 114, 117, 120
disk with an X 87
document 18
don’t appear correctly on screen
88–89, 98–99
Drive Setup 111, 113
folder 18
hard disk 12, 18, 88–89
“sad Macintosh” 88
SCSI 59
sound input/output ports 43
Trash 12, 17, 18
ID numbers. See SCSI ID numbers
Index button, Macintosh Guide 29,
31–32
initializing a hard disk 109–111
inserting CD-ROM discs 68, 74
insertion point, setting 94
Installer program 118, 120
installing
additional RAM 62–63
application programs 67–69
CD-ROM software 125–126
expansion card 145–154
internal drives 63
system software 116–125
interference with radio or television
reception vi, 136
internal drives, installing 63
international characters and symbols,
typing 157–158
Internet
configuring your system for 65
obtaining Apple software updates
from 107–108
ISDN networks 64
ISO 9660 CD-ROM discs, problems
using 101
keyboard
connecting 7–8
illustration 2, 40
positioning 131–132
safety instructions for 136
special keys on 155–156
typing produces nothing on screen
94–95
keyboard cable
checking connections 93, 94
connecting 7–8
illustration 2
keyboard shortcuts 37–38, 159
keyboard tray 132
Key Caps program 157–158
L
learning the basics 15–16
liquid spills on the computer equipment
134, 135, 136, 138, 139
LocalTalk network, connecting to 64–65
locking/unlocking the mouse 143–144
Look For button, Macintosh Guide 29,
33–34
M
Macintosh Guide
activating the text box 33
closing 34, 35
going to the next step 30, 32, 34
“Huh?” button 35
Index button 29, 31–32
Look For button 29, 33–34
moving the window out of the way 35
returning to the main window 30,
32, 35
Topics button 29–30
using the scroll bar 31
using the slider 31
using the zoom box 35
Macintosh Shortcuts 37–38
Macintosh Tutorial 15–16
memory. See also RAM
expanding 62–63
“not enough memory” message 72, 91
shared libraries and 72, 96
virtual 71
Memory control panel 91, 96
menu bar 17
menu, opening 16, 17
microphone, connecting 2, 45–46
miniplugs 43, 44, 47
modem port (GeoPort) 40, 41
moisture or wetness, computer exposure
to 134, 135, 139
monitor. See also screen
brightness control 13, 85, 136
cleaning 141
connecting 4–6
electromagnetic emissions from 133
illustration 2, 40
positioning 4, 132
safety instructions for 136
turning on 11
using a television as 57
monitor cable 2, 6
monitor port 6, 41
monitor power cord 2, 4–5
monitor power socket 41
Monitors control panel 85
mouse
cleaning 141–143
connecting 7–8
illustration 2, 40
learning to use 15–16
locking/unlocking 143–144
proper positioning of 132
troubleshooting 93
mouse button 15–16
mouse cable
checking connections 93
connecting 7–8
mouse pad 15
mouse shortcuts 37–38
musculoskeletal discomfort from
computer use 129, 130, 133
N
network cables, connecting 64
networks
backing up files on 71
connecting to 64–65
sharing a CD-ROM disc on 78
network server options, sleep state
and 20
normal installation of system software
117–119
Numeric keys 156
O
office furniture, arranging to prevent
discomfort 131–132
online help. See Balloon Help; Guide
menu; Macintosh Guide
online services, obtaining Apple software
updates from 104–108
Open/Close button on CD-ROM drive
40, 74, 75, 98
opening the computer 146–147
Option key 156
Key Caps program and 157–158
P
parameter RAM 85
PC Exchange control panel 95, 96
PCI. See Peripheral Component
Interconnect (PCI) cards
performance decreases after adding
software, troubleshooting 103
Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI)
cards 64, 145
Photo CDs 77, 102
pointer. See arrow pointer
ports
AAUI Ethernet 40, 41
ADB 7, 8, 41, 94
Audio In (on stereo speakers) 47
Audio In/Out (on video equipment)
51–53, 55–57
Index
167
audio input/output (on computer) 41,
42, 45, 51–53, 55–57
composite video input/output 41, 42,
51–53, 55–57
illustration 40–41
monitor 6, 41
SCSI 40, 41, 59, 62
sound input/output 40–41, 43,
45–47, 55
S-video In/Out (on video equipment)
51–52, 55–57
S-video input/output (on computer)
40–42, 51–52, 55, 57
Video In/Out (on video equipment)
52–53, 55–57
power button 13, 23, 40, 84
power cords
checking connections 85
frayed 134
illustration 2, 3, 5
plugging in 3, 5
Power key
illustration 10, 40, 156
putting the computer to sleep 20, 156
restarting the computer 83, 156
starting the computer 10, 156
turning the computer off 21, 23, 156
Power Macintosh “native” application
programs 71–72
power-on light 13, 40
PowerPC microprocessor ix
power sockets 41
power supply 140, 148
PowerTalk program 67
PRAM. See parameter RAM
presentations, using the Macintosh for
57–58
Previous System Folder 121, 123
printer port (GeoPort) 40, 41
printer problems 104
problems. See Apple-authorized service
providers; customer service;
error messages; troubleshooting
168
Index
processor card, upgrading 145, 154
programs. See application programs
Put Away command (File menu) 75, 98
Q
question mark icon, troubleshooting
86–87, 116
quitting a program if you’re having
trouble 83
R
radio or television reception, interference
with vi, 136
RAM. See also memory
expanding 62–63
resetting parameter RAM 85
RCA-type connectors 44, 49, 50, 54
Read Me files 24, 68
read-only memory, defined 73
rebuilding the desktop 84, 89, 95
reinstalling
CD-ROM software 125–126
system software 116–125
repairing damaged disks 112–115
repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) 130
Restart command (Special menu) 83
restarting the computer 85, 156, 159
retainer for processor card 149, 152
Return key 156
S
“sad Macintosh” icon on screen,
troubleshooting 88
safety instructions
CD-ROM drive vii
cleaning equipment 141–143
connecting additional equipment 39
connecting a SCSI device 62
ejecting CDs using a paper clip 98
ejecting floppy disks using a paper
clip 90, 140
general precautions 134–135
grounding the computer 3, 135
handling and care of equipment
135–139
installing additional memory 62–63
installing an expansion card 145–154
liquid spills on computer equipment
134, 135, 136, 138, 139
locking/unlocking the mouse
143–144
saving documents if you’re having
trouble 83
screen. See also monitor
dark, troubleshooting 85
dimming 20, 136
minimizing glare and reflections
132, 133
positioning 4, 132
screen saver programs 85, 136
scroll arrows 18
scroll bar, Macintosh Guide 31
SCSI cables 60–61, 62
SCSI devices
computer doesn’t recognize 86, 97
connecting 59–62
SCSI ID numbers
setting 60
troubleshooting and 88, 97, 112–113
SCSI internal interface 59
SCSI port 40, 41, 59, 62
SCSI terminator 61
security lock ports 41
shared disks 71, 75, 78
shared libraries 72, 96
Shift key 156, 159
Shortcuts command (Guide menu)
37–38
Show All command (Application
menu) 70
Show Balloons command (Guide
menu) 36
showing/hiding windows on the
desktop 70
Shut Down command (Special menu)
22–23
shutting down the computer 20, 21–23
size box 18
Sleep command (Special menu) 20
sleep state 12, 20
slider, Macintosh Guide 31
Small Computer System Interface.
See SCSI
software updates, obtaining 104–108
Sound & Displays control panel 48
sound input/output ports 40, 41, 43,
45–47, 55
speaker on computer, illustration 40
speakers, connecting external stereo
speakers 47–48
special characters and symbols, typing
157–158
special keys 155–156, 159
Special menu
Restart command 83
Shut Down command 22–23
Sleep command 20
starting the computer 20, 83–84
startup disks
initializing 109–111
rebuilding the desktop and 84
troubleshooting 87, 89
static electricity
discharging 148
handling the processor card 154
stereo miniplugs 43, 44, 47
stereo speakers 47–48
sunlight, computer exposure to 135
S-video connections
for input from a camera 52
for input from a VCR 51
for output from the computer 55
for using a television as a monitor 57
S-video connectors 49, 50, 54
S-video In/Out ports (on video
equipment) 51–52, 55–57
S-video input/output ports (on computer)
40–42, 51–52, 55, 57
switching programs 17
Index
169
symbols and international characters,
typing 157–158
System Backup Disk 1 disk, starting the
computer from 110
system extensions
not installed with the Installer program
119, 122
turning off 69, 91, 92
System Folder
clean installation of system software
and 119, 121, 123
dragging extras to the Trash 69
replacing special software 123
shared libraries 72
system software
installing/reinstalling 116–125
troubleshooting 86–88, 92–94, 116
T
Tab key 156
TCP/IP control panel 65
television, connecting for use as a
monitor 57–58
television or radio reception, interference
with vi, 136
temperature limits for floppy disks 137
10BASE-T Ethernet connector 64
10BASE-T Ethernet port 40, 41
terminators, SCSI 61
text box, Macintosh Guide 33
Text-to-speech software 67
tilde (~), typing 158
title bar of a window 18
TokenRing networks 64
Topics button
Macintosh Guide 29–30
Macintosh Shortcuts window 37, 38
Trash 18
triple RCA-type connectors 50, 52–54,
56–57
170
Index
troubleshooting. See also error messages
application program problems 69, 91,
95–96
arrow pointer “freezes” on screen 23,
81–82, 93, 102
audio CD problems 101–102
CD-ROM disc problems 99–100
CD-ROM drive problems 90, 97–99,
125
computer’s clock keeps time
inaccurately 86
desktop looks unusual 98
diagnosing problems 82–83, 92
floppy disk problems 89–90, 140
hard disk problems 88–89, 109–114
icons don’t appear correctly on
desktop 88–89, 98–99
interference with radio or television
reception vi, 136
keyboard problems 94–95
memory problems 71, 72, 91, 96
mouse problems 93
network configuration problems 65
opening DOS documents on the
Macintosh 95, 96
performance decreases after adding
software 103
Photo CD problems 102
printer problems 104
problems turning on the computer 13
screen is dark 85
SCSI devices not recognized 86, 97
shared library problems 72, 96
startup disk problems 87, 89
system software problems 86–88,
92–94, 116
typing produces nothing on screen
94–95
turning off
the computer 21–23
control panels 91, 92
Easy Access 94
system extensions 69, 91, 92, 103
virus detection programs 69
turning on
the computer 9–13
external SCSI devices 62
Foreign File Access/Audio File
Access CD-ROM
extensions 100
the monitor 11
system extensions 69, 103
virtual memory 91
tutorial 15–16
typing produces nothing on screen,
troubleshooting 94–95
U
umlaut (ü), typing 158
unlocking/locking the mouse 143–144
unsaved work, losing 23
updated software, obtaining 104–108
upgrading the processor 145, 154
Utilities folder
Disk First Aid 114, 117
Drive Setup 111, 113
V
virtual memory 71, 91
virus detection programs 69
volume control
for AppleCD Audio Player 101
for external speakers 48, 101
VRAM. See video RAM
W, X, Y
waking the computer 12, 20
warranty on computer 82, 145
wetness or moisture, computer exposure
to 134, 135, 139
windows
hiding and showing 70
working with 18
work space, arranging to prevent
discomfort 131–132
Worldwide Web server (Internet),
obtaining Apple software
updates from 108
Z
zoom box, Macintosh Guide 35
ventilation around computer
components 135
ventilation openings on computer and
monitor 136
video cables 50–57
video camera, connecting for input
50–53
videocassette recorder (VCR)
connecting for input 50–53
connecting for output 54–56
video formats 48
video In/Out ports (on video equipment)
52–53, 55–57
video RAM, expanding 63
videotape, recording computer output on
54–56
Index
171

Apple Computer, Inc.
1 Infinite Loop
Cupertino, California 95014-2084
408.996.1010
030-7056-A
Printed in U.S.A.