Simrad SH90 - PRODUCT DESCRIPTION REV A Installation manual

Operator manual
Simrad SH90
Fish finding sonar
www.simrad.com
TECHNOLOGY
FOR
SUSTAINABLE
FISHERIES
Simrad SH90
Operator manual
This manual provides you with the basic information
required to operate the Simrad SH90. For a more detailed
description of the operation and functionality, including
menus and all parameters, refer to the Simrad SH90
Reference manual.
WARNING: The Simrad SH90 sonar must never be
powered up when the ship is in dry dock. The transducer
will be damaged if it transmits in open air. To prevent
inadvertent use of the sonar, pull out the mains plug on
the Processor Unit whenever the vessel is in dry dock.
323773/C
20.08.2010
Document history
Dokument nr: 323773 / Revisjon C / ISBN-13 978-82-8066-112-8
Rev.A
19.10.2009
Original issue.
Rev.B
10.05.2010
Released for SW 2.1.X.
Rev.C
20.08.2010
New procedures for software backup and restore. See Software
procedures on page 43.
Copyright
©2010 Kongsberg Maritime AS
The information contained in this document remains the sole property of Kongsberg Maritime AS. No part
of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means, and the information contained
within it is not to be communicated to a third party, without the prior written consent of Kongsberg
Maritime AS. The document, or any part of it, may not be translated to any other language without the
written approval from Kongsberg Maritime AS.
Disclaimer
Kongsberg Maritime AS endeavours to ensure that all information in this document is correct and fairly
stated, but does not accept liability for any errors or omissions.
Warning
The equipment to which this manual applies must only be used for the purpose for which it
was designed. Improper use or maintenance may cause damage to the equipment and/or injury
to personnel. The user must be familiar with the contents of the appropriate manuals before
attempting to install, operate or work on the equipment.
Kongsberg Maritime AS disclaims any responsibility for damage or injury caused by improper
installation, use or maintenance of the equipment.
Support information
If you require maintenance or repair, contact your local dealer. You can also contact us using the following
address: contact@simrad.com. If you need information about our other products, visit our web site. On
the web site you will also find a list of our dealers and distributors.
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Operator manual
Table of contents
ABOUT THIS MANUAL ....................................................... 7
SIMRAD SH90 ................................................................... 8
Important matters .....................................................................................................8
Basic information .....................................................................................................9
GETTING STARTED.......................................................... 10
Operating Panel ....................................................................................................10
Power on/off procedures......................................................................................... 11
How to switch on the sonar.......................................................................... 11
How to switch off the sonar ......................................................................... 12
How to perform basic operations ...........................................................................13
Echo presentation and menu ........................................................................ 13
The menu structure ..................................................................................... 15
Control the cursor ....................................................................................... 16
Menu buttons.............................................................................................. 16
Changing a parameter value......................................................................... 17
Visual aids ..............................................................................................................18
Common information on the display ............................................................ 18
Moving the boundary lines .......................................................................... 19
Cosmetics ...............................................................................................................19
On-line help ............................................................................................................22
OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES .......................................... 24
Menu procedures ....................................................................................................24
How to hide the menu ................................................................................. 24
How to simplify the menu ........................................................................... 24
Gain adjustment procedures ...................................................................................25
How to adjust the gain................................................................................. 25
How to adjust the AGC ............................................................................... 25
How to adjust the RCG ............................................................................... 26
How to adjust the TVG ............................................................................... 26
How to adjust the display gain ..................................................................... 27
Mode procedures ....................................................................................................27
How to select operational mode ................................................................... 27
How to define the function of the Mode buttons ............................................ 28
How to sort the operational modes ............................................................... 28
Markers and symbols procedures ...........................................................................28
How to add ’Target’ and ’Circle’ markers..................................................... 29
How to add an ’Own ship’ symbol ............................................................... 29
How to add a ’Gear’ symbol........................................................................ 30
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Simrad SH90
How to investigate marker and symbol information....................................... 31
How to delete a marker or symbol................................................................ 32
Storage procedures .................................................................................................32
How to store sonar images........................................................................... 32
How to recall sonar images.......................................................................... 33
How to keep sonar images ........................................................................... 34
How to delete sonar images ......................................................................... 34
How to rename sonar images ....................................................................... 35
How to print sonar images ........................................................................... 35
How to burn sonar images on a CD .............................................................. 36
How to copy sonar images to a USB memory stick ....................................... 36
Automatic search and tracking procedures ............................................................37
How to start the horizontal search program................................................... 37
How to start the vertical search program....................................................... 38
How to enable position track ....................................................................... 39
How to enable target track ........................................................................... 39
How to add a target tracking line.................................................................. 40
User setting procedures ..........................................................................................40
How to save the current user setting ............................................................. 40
How to load a user setting ........................................................................... 41
How to rename a user setting ....................................................................... 41
How to delete a user setting ......................................................................... 41
How to load the factory settings................................................................... 42
Installation of options .............................................................................................42
How to access the Install Options dialog....................................................... 42
’Install Options’ parameter dialog ................................................................ 43
Adding optional functionality ...................................................................... 43
Software procedures ...............................................................................................43
Backup and restore ..................................................................................... 43
How to create a backup image using the ’Norton Ghost 8’ utility ................... 44
How to restore from a backup image using the ’Norton Ghost 8’ utility........... 45
How to reactivate the Windows licence ........................................................ 46
DISPLAY MODES ............................................................. 52
OPERATING PANEL ......................................................... 55
MENU DESCRIPTIONS ..................................................... 57
Active menus ..........................................................................................................57
Horizontal menu ......................................................................................... 57
Vertical menu ............................................................................................. 59
Vertical 180 menu ....................................................................................... 60
Display menu ............................................................................................. 61
Setup menu ................................................................................................ 63
Objects menu.............................................................................................. 65
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Operator manual
Temporary menus ...................................................................................................65
Cosmetics menu ......................................................................................... 65
Store/Recall menu....................................................................................... 65
System Test menu ....................................................................................... 66
Sort Modes menu........................................................................................ 66
BASIC THEORY................................................................ 67
Settings ...................................................................................................................67
What is TVG? ............................................................................................ 67
What is AGC? ............................................................................................ 68
What is the PP Filter?.................................................................................. 68
About pulse form and length........................................................................ 68
About beam widths ..................................................................................... 68
About Gain................................................................................................. 69
What is RCG? ............................................................................................ 70
About tilt.................................................................................................... 70
Noise and reverberation..........................................................................................71
Cavitation................................................................................................... 71
Reverberation ............................................................................................. 72
Blocking .................................................................................................... 73
Check the noise yourself! ............................................................................ 73
Layers and deflections ............................................................................................74
Temperature and salinity layers.................................................................... 74
Deflections ................................................................................................. 75
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About this manual
ABOUT THIS MANUAL
Purpose
The purpose of this operator manual is to present the descriptions
and procedures required to operate the Simrad SH90 in a safe and
efficient manner.
It is not within the tasks of this manual to describe all functions
and parameters in detail. It is therefore also important that you
study the other documents that are provided with your system.
For detailed descriptions of all functions and parameters, refer to
the Simrad SH90 Reference manual.
References
The following user manuals have been provided for the Simrad
SH90. English manuals are provided with the SH90 when it is
shipped. When available, manuals in other languages may be
downloaded from http://www.simrad.com.
• Simrad SH90 Installation Manual, English [323776]
• Simrad SH90 Operator Manual, English [323773]
• Simrad SH90 Reference Manual, English [323775]
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7
Simrad SH90
SIMRAD SH90
Study this chapter to familiarize yourself with the Simrad SH90.
Topics
•
•
Important matters on page 8
Basic information on page 9
Important matters
As with all advanced instruments, there are a few important
matters about the SH90 that you must remember.
Before you switch on the sonar
Before you power up the sonar, make sure that you have sufficient
water depth to lower the transducer!
When the sonar is not in use
To protect the sonar when it is not in use, we strongly advice you
to hoist the transducer, even though you may not switch off the
power. In narrow or shallow waters this is very important, since
you may - in worst case - run the transducer into the bottom.
This will damage the transducer and the transducer shaft, and
extensive repair is required.
When you dock the vessel
It is very important that the sonar system remains switched off
when the vessel is in dry dock. If the transducer is subjected
to transmit power when it is in open air, it will be damaged.
As a safeguarding measure, you can remove the power fuses
on the sonar system before the vessel is docked. As an extra
safeguarding measure, the sonar is by default powered up with
the transmit power switched off.
Manual operation of the hull unit
In the event of improper operation, the powerful 3 kW electric
motor may cause serious damage to the equipment and/or injury
to personnel.
Therefore, before you start the operation, read carefully through
the relevant procedure(s). You will then familiarize yourself
with the method .
The relevant procedures are located in the SH90 Reference
Manual.
If something breaks down
If you think that something has been damaged on the sonar,
contact your local dealer for advice.
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Simrad SH90
Basic information
The Simrad SH90 is an omnidirectional high frequency sonar.
It is designed for all sized fishing vessels, both purse seiners
and trawlers.
The operational frequency is 114 kHz. The cylindrical
multi-element transducer allows the omnidirectional sonar beam
to be tilted electronically from +10 to –60 degrees. This allows
you to automatically track schools of fish, and to observe the
whole water volume around the vessel. A stabilising system is
included for electronic pitch and roll compensation.
Great emphasis has been placed on giving the best possible
presentations on a high resolution colour display.
The SH90 Processor Unit is controlled by Microsoft’s Windows
XP® operating system, which result in a flexible choice of display
modes for a large range of user applications.
The signal processing and beamforming is performed in a fast
digital signal processing system using the full dynamic range
of the signals.
In addition to the traditional single frequency transceiver system,
the Simrad SH90 contains an advanced frequency modulated
filter system (FM).
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9
Simrad SH90
GETTING STARTED
Please find the basic information required to get you started up
with the Simrad SH90.
Operating Panel
The most frequently used functions are directly accessible by the
designated control buttons on the Operating Panel, and may enter
operational commands directly.
The buttons are grouped in fields according to their purpose.
Most sonar functions are also accessible and activated using the
menu system on the display and the trackball and Select button
on the Operating Panel.
Figure 1
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
10
Operating Panel
Main switch: Power the sonar on (and off), lower and hoist
the transducer
Symbol: Control the target markers providing exact latitude
and longitude positioning.
Mode: Select your favourite display mode or user setting
with the push on a button.
Gain: Separate gain control for horizontal and vertical sonar
presentation.
Range: Separate range control for horizontal and vertical
sonar presentation.
Cursor: Menu and cursor control.
Tilt: Easy control of the sonar’s tilt angle, or start automatic
search program.
Various: Store interesting screen captures, and zoom in on
details.
Train: Manual control of beam training, start automatic
search and tracking programs.
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Getting started
Power on/off procedures
These procedures explain how to switch the sonar system on and
off. The operation is made using the buttons on the operating
panel.
Figure 2
Operating Panel
How to switch on the sonar
This procedure explains how to power up the Simrad SH90.
1
Press the Power button on the colour display monitor.
2
Press the Power button on the Operating Panel, and keep it
depressed for approximately two seconds.
POWER
• The green lamp on the right side of the button will flash
to indicated that the power has been switched on, and that
the computer is starting up.
• After a short period you will see the sonar picture on
the display.
• If the sonar system has been disconnected from AC
power, the Processor Unit must be started manually. Use
the on/off switch behind the lid on the front panel.
3
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Check that the water depth beneath the keel is sufficient to
lower the transducer.
11
Simrad SH90
4
Press the Down button on the control panel to lower the
transducer.
Down
• The green lamp next to the button will flash, and an
audible signal indicates that the transducer is lowered.
• When the lower position has been reached, the lamp
will be lit continuously, the audible signal stops, and
the top button in the Status parameter dialog shows
Transducer:Down.
• By default the transmit power is disabled when the
sonar is powered up. This is for safety reasons. On the
Horizontal menu, you will see that the TX power button
flashes to remind you of this.
5
Click the TX power to select Full.
How to switch off the sonar
This procedure explains how to power off the Simrad SH90.
1
Press the Up button on the Operating Panel.
Up
• The green lamp next to the button will flash, and an
audible signal indicates that the transducer is hoisted.
• When the upper position has been reached, the lamp will
illuminate continuously, the audible signal stops, and the
upper button in the Status menu shows Transducer: UP.
2
Press the Power button on the Operating Panel, and keep it
depressed for approximately two seconds.
POWER
3
12
Switch off the display monitor.
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Getting started
4
Please note:
• If the sonar is switched off uncontrolled with the
transducer in its lowered position, the transducer will
normally be hoisted automatically after approximately
one minute. You must however verify that this takes
place. If the transducer is not hoisted automatically, it can
be raised manually by means of the hoist/lower switch in
the Motor Control Unit. If mains power is lost, you can
also use the hand crank provided.
How to perform basic operations
Observe this brief procedure to familiarize yourself with the
basic operations with echo presentations and menu operations.
Echo presentation and menu
1
Once the sonar system is up and running, observe the layout
of the display presentation:
• On the right side, observe the menu system (A).
• On the left side, observe the sonar echo presentation (B).
Figure 3
2
Basic menu (A) and echo presentation (B)
On the Operating Panel, press the Menu button (located
above the large trackball).
Menu
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Simrad SH90
3
4
5
6
7
14
On the display, observe that the menu disappears.
When the menu is removed the echo presentation is extended
to cover the entire display.
Use the trackball, and move the cursor over to the left or
right side of the display.
Observe that the menu reappears on the selected side, and
that the remaining echo presentation area is not re-scaled.
Move the cursor towards the centre of the display, and
observe that the temporary menu disappears.
On the Operating Panel, press the Menu button one more
time, and observe that the menu reappears.
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Getting started
The menu structure
The menu contains several different buttons, tabs and parameter
dialogs.
Figure 4
Menu structure
A
Sonar type: This field simply states the name of the
sonar.
B
Mode: Click here to change display mode. If you
click on the middle of the button you will open a
dedicated menu for mode selection. If you click on the
right or left side of the button you can scroll through
the available modes.
C
Tab: Click on a tab to bring forward the menu.
D
Menu: This is the body of the menu. Each menu holds
one or more buttons.
E
Button: Click on a button to change the applicable
parameter. If you click on the middle of the button
you will normally open a dedicated parameter dialog
for parameter selection. If you click on the right or left
side of the button you can scroll through the available
choices.
F
Parameter dialog: When you click a button, the
relevant parameter dialog opens at the bottom of the
menu. Each parameter dialog holds one or more
buttons or menus. To close a parameter dialog, click
the Close button. Most dialogs provide a Help button
for access to the on-line help. In this example you
can see the Status dialog, which is replaced when a
parameter dialog is opened.
G
Messages: The button at the bottom of the menu is
used to provide messages from the sonar system.
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Simrad SH90
Control the cursor
CURSOR
Menu
Object
View
Select
Operate the trackball (A) on the Operating
Panel.
Observe that the cursor moves on the sonar
display, and that it changes its form depending
on its location.
B
Observe the location of the Select button (B).
Press this button to make a selection.
A
50
22
L)
The View and Object buttons above the trackball
are used to open specific menus.
(C
D
01
SONAR OPERA TING PANEL
Menu buttons
Each menu contains several buttons. Each button shows both the
function and the current parameter. The majority of the buttons
in each menu field have three functions:
• You can select a lower parameter value.
• You can select a higher parameter value.
• You can open the applicable parameter dialog.
(C D015010A )
A
+
C
A
Click here to decrease the parameter value
B
Click here to increase the parameter value
C
Click here to open the parameter dialog.
B
Use the trackball on the Operating Panel, and position the cursor
over the left side of the button (A). Observe that the shape of the
cursor changes to a “minus” sign. This means that the value of
the parameter will decrease when you press the Select button
on the Operating Panel.
Position the cursor over the right side of the button (B). Observe
that the shape of the cursor changes to a “plus” sign. This means
that the value of the parameter will increase when you press the
Select button.
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Getting started
Position the cursor on the centre of the menu button (C). Observe
that the shape of the cursor changes to a “menu” symbol. This
means that the applicable parameter dialog will open when you
press the Select button. The dialog appears in the lower part of
the menu field.
Changing a parameter value
Observe this generic procedure to change a parameter value.
Once you have gained more experience, and have become more
familiar with the available options, you will select the parameters
directly from the buttons.
Figure 5
Changing a parameter value
B
A
(C D015010C )
C
D
1
Move the cursor to the middle of the menu button (A).
Observe that the cursor changes its shape to a menu symbol.
2
Press the Select button on the Operating Panel.
3
Observe that the corresponding parameter dialog (B) opens
at the bottom of the menu.
4
Move the cursor down to the dialog, position the cursor
over the requested parameter value (C), and press the Select
button again.
5
Observe that the change you have requested takes immediate
effect on the sonar.
• This makes it easy to test the effect of each parameter
setting. Note however that transceiver related parameters
will first be operational in the next ping.
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6
Move the cursor down to the Close button (D), and press
the Select button again.
7
Observe that the parameter dialog closes.
17
Simrad SH90
Note
In this manual, the phrase “Click the button” means that you
shall position the cursor over the menu button, and then press
the Select button on the Operating Panel.
Certain parameter settings are identified with an asterisk (*). This
symbol indicates the default setting known to perform well under
normal conditions. If you get “lost“ in the parameter settings, the
Default settings function will bring up these normal parameters.
The Default setting function is available on the Setup menu, and a
dedicated parameter dialog is used.
In the Simrad SH90 sonar, all parameters are stored. This
function will cause the sonar to remember all the selected
parameter settings, even when the sonar is switched off.
Visual aids
The sonar display contains not only the sonar picture and the
menu system, but also other information that is useful for
efficient operation.
Common information on the display
In nearly all display modes, the following information is
provided.
Figure 6
B
Visual aids
A
C
E
18
(CD015013A)
D
F
A
Current horizontal gain.
B
Current horizontal range.
C
The cursor’s current geographical position (provided that
the necessary sensor is connected to the sonar).
D
The cursor’s current bearing relative to the vessel or true
north.
E
Current tilt.
F
Current range and depth of the cursor position.
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Getting started
Moving the boundary lines
In most display modes with multiple views, the size of each view
can easily be modified by moving the boundary line between the
views. Observe the following procedure:
1
Place the cursor on the boundary line. Observe that it
changes its shape to a double arrow (↔).
2
Press and hold the Select button on the Operating Panel.
3
Move the cursor with the Select button depressed. Observe
that the boundary line is moved.
4
Release the Select button.
5
Observe that the boundary line has been relocated to the new
cursor position.
Cosmetics
The choices in the Cosmetics menu allows you to enable or
disable a range of visual aids in the sonar picture.
1
Click the Display tab to open the
Display menu.
2
Click the Cosmetics button to open
the Cosmetics menu.
3
Observe a range of parameters
available to provide you with
additional information on the sonar
picture.
• The Close button closes this menu.
• The Help button opens the on-line
help.
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Simrad SH90
Figure 7 Bearing Card (A), Wind Marker (B) and Distance
Rings (C)
B
400
300
200
100
C
A
(CD015013B)
The Bearing Card (A) shows the current bearing relative to the
vessel. The markers are shown as short white lines for every 10th
degree along the outer circle of the sonar view.
The Wind Marker (B) is shown as an arrow drawn from the
Compass card pointing towards the centre of the display. If a
wind sensor is connected to the sonar, it will automatically show
the current wind direction. Otherwise, the wind direction may be
entered manually. The arrow has a fixed length, it is not scaled
according to the current wind speed.
The Distance Rings (C) are shown as dotted rings, each with a
range read-out on the left hand side of the display centre.
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Getting started
Figure 8 Variable Range Marker (D), Compass Card (E) and
Vertical Ring (F)
The Variable Range Marker (VRM) (D) consists of an adjustable
range ring with range read-out. It can be used for any type of
distance marking relative to the vessel. To adjust the marker,
locate the cursor on the marker ring, press the Select on the
Operating Panel, and move the cursor with the Select button
depressed. When the button is released, the variable range
marker radius will be locked to the new position.
The Compass Card (E) is shown as short yellow lines for
every 10th degree along the outermost circle of the sonar view.
A triangle symbol indicates each 90th degree. It has labels
indicating North, East, South and West. It is updated when the
heading of own ship has changed more than 1 degree.
The Vertical Ring (F) shows the selected range of the vertical
slice as a full circle in the horizontal presentation. This is an
indication of which distance a target should be presented in the
vertical view. The Vertical Ring will only be visible in those
modes that support a vertical slice.
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Simrad SH90
Figure 9 Depth Dividers (G), Minute Markers (H) and Bow
Marker (I)
The Depth Dividers (G) are horizontal dotted lines used to
visualize the depth steps in the vertical slices.
The Minute Markers (H) are shown as small circles on the track
history of the ship.
The Bow Marker (I) is heading marker. It is a dotted line drawn
from the bow of your own ship.
On-line help
The Simrad SH90 sonar is equipped with a comprehensive
on-line help system. Help is provided in two levels: On-line and
Free. It is available from all the parameter dialogs and menus by
clicking the Help button.
Once pressed, the first help text will appear in the bottom of the
menu. This is the On-line text. It is short, context sensitive, and
designed not to interrupt the operation of the sonar. To close the
Help parameter dialog, click the Close button.
To access more detailed information, click the Free button. This
will open the complete interactive manual. It contains the same
information as the printed SH90 Reference Manual, but the
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Getting started
information is made available using the menu on the left hand
side and interactive links throughout the document. Click Free
in the bottom left corner to return to the small on-line parameter
dialog, or Close to exit the interactive manual.
Note
If you click Close button to close the large interactive manual
(Free), this manual will automatically reappear the next time
you click a Help button.
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Simrad SH90
OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES
This chapter presents how to perform the most common
procedures on the SH90 sonar. Note that the power on/off
procedures have been previously explained.
Menu procedures
This section provides general procedures for menu handling.
How to hide the menu
The menu is normally located on the right hand side of the
display, but if you don’t need it, you can easily remove it.
1 Press the Menu button on the Operating Panel.
Menu
The Menu button acts as a toggle switch. Press once to remove
the menu, and one more time to retrieve it.
Alternative method
1
2
Click the Display tab on the sonar menu.
Click the Full screen: On button.
How to recall the menu
1
2
3
Move the cursor to the far left or far right side of the display
Observe that the menu system appears. It can be shown on
either side, and will not affect the sonar picture.
Open the Display menu, and click Full screen: Off.
How to simplify the menu
This procedure explains how you can easily reduce the number
of buttons on the sonar menus. This can be useful if you never
use them.
1 Click the Display tab to open the Display menu.
2 Click the Menu button.
3
24
In the parameter dialog, select the menu level you wish to
use.
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Operational procedures
4
Click Close to exit.
Gain adjustment procedures
This section explains how to control the manual and automatic
gain settings on the SH90 sonar.
How to adjust the gain
You can adjust the sonar gain by means of the control buttons
on the Operating Panel, or by using the Gain button on the
Horizontal and Vertical menus.
1 On the Operating Panel, locate the Gain field.
2 Press the Gain H+ or Gain H- buttons to increase or decrease
the gain in the horizontal presentation.
Gain
H-
3
Gain
H+
Press the Gain V+ or Gain V- buttons to increase or decrease
the gain in the vertical presentation.
Gain
V-
Gain
V+
Alternative method
1
In the sonar’s menu system, click the Gain button on the
Horizontal or Vertical menus to adjust the gain.
Click the left or right side of the Gain button to decrease or
increase the gain, or the middle of the button to open the
parameter dialog.
For more information about this parameter, see About Gain on
page 69.
How to adjust the AGC
The AGC (Automatic Gain Control) adjusts the gain in the
sonar’s preamplifier circuitry. This gain depends on the strength
of the incoming echo signal. The result is a filter effect, reducing
noise and reverberation. The AGC has four different settings.
1 Click the Horizontal or Vertical tab to open the respective
menu.
2 Click the AGC button to adjust the parameter.
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Simrad SH90
Click the left or right side of the AGC button to decrease
or increase the setting, or the middle of the button to open
the parameter dialog.
For more information about this parameter, see What is AGC?
on page 68.
How to adjust the RCG
The RCG (Reverberation Controlled Gain) regulates the receiver
gain individually for each of the receiving beams. If you select
a small or medium value, echoes from propellers, surface and
bottom reverberations will be suppressed, while target echoes
will remain in view. If you select a strong filter setting, it will
remove the bottom, while echoes on the bottom will be presented.
Note
Scattered fish can be perceived as reverberation. The RCG
function must therefore be used with care if you wish to find
scattered schools.
1
Click the Horizontal or Vertical tab to open the respective
menu.
2
Click the RCG button to adjust the parameter.
Click the left or right side of the RCG button to decrease
or increase the setting, or the middle of the button to open
the parameter dialog.
For more information about this parameter, see What is RCG?
on page 70.
How to adjust the TVG
The TVG (Time Varied Gain) controls the gain in the signal
amplifier. The gain is weakest just after the ping, and increases
in accordance with time (and therefore range). A number of
standard gain curves are available, as well as Off. By using TVG,
the gain is adjusted in such way that a school of fish will be
presented with approximately the same strength on the screen in
any position inside the regulated TVG range of 1000 meters.
26
1
Click the Horizontal or Vertical tab to open the respective
menu.
2
Click TVG to adjust the parameter.
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Operational procedures
Click the left or right side of the TVG button to choose a
setting, or the middle of the button to open the parameter
dialog.
For more information about this parameter, see What is TVG?
on page 67.
How to adjust the display gain
The Display Gain increases or decreases the strength of the echo
presentation on the display.
1
Click the Display tab to open the Display menu.
2
Click the Display gain button to adjust the parameter.
Click the left or right side of the Display gain button to
decrease or increase the setting, or the middle of the button
to open the parameter dialog.
Mode procedures
This section explains how to choose operational modes, and how
to set up the Mode buttons on the SH90 Operating Unit.
The various modes are described in chapter Display modes on
page 52.
How to select operational mode
Your SH90 sonar is equipped with several operational modes.
Observe these procedures to choose the mode best fit for your
current operations.
1
Locate the Mode field on your Operating Panel
2
Press one of the four buttons to choose mode.
Alternative method
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1
Locate the Mode button on the top of each menu.
2
Click the Mode button to choose operational mode.
27
Simrad SH90
Click the left or right side of the Mode button to choose
mode, or the middle of the button to open the parameter
dialog.
How to define the function of the Mode
buttons
The Mode buttons on your SH90 Operating Panel can either be
used to select operational mode, or user settings. You can switch
between these options.
1
Click the Display tab to open the Display menu.
2
Click the Mode Buttons: button to select Mode or User.
How to sort the operational modes
Your SH90 sonar provides you with a selection of operational
modes. This list of modes can be sorted to suit your preferences.
The top four modes on your list can be chosen by pressing the
four Mode buttons on the Operating Panel.
1
Click the Setup tab to open the Setup menu.
2
Click the Sort Modes button to open the Sort Modes menu.
The Sort Modes menu lists all the available modes in their
current order.
3
Click one of the operational modes.
Observe that the Move down and/or Move up buttons at the
bottom of the menu are activated.
4
Click the Move down or Move up button to move the chosen
operational mode down or up the list.
5
When the list has been arranged in the order you wish to
keep, click Apply.
The current order is saved automatically.
6
Click Close to exit.
Markers and symbols procedures
This section explains how to add, investigate and delete symbols
and markers on the SH90 sonar presentation.
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Operational procedures
How to add ’Target’ and ’Circle’ markers
1
2
Move the cursor on the sonar picture, and position it
wherever you wish to place the marker.
Press the requested marker button in the Symbol field on the
Operating Panel to place the marker.
About Target markers
This button places a Target marker at the cursor location.
A triangular symbol with a corresponding number will appear on
the screen over the target, while position data for the defined
marker is displayed in the Objects menu.
• The system continues to track the markers even when outside
the sonar range.
• The Target marker button can also be used for manual target
tracking as the system is designed to calculate the speed,
course and distance between the last two chosen targets.
• These target marker data are displayed in white figures for
15 minutes in the lower right hand corner of the horizontal
presentation.
• This function is also an effective method for determining the
distance between two selected points on the screen.
About Circle markers
This button places a Circle marker at the cursor location.
A circular symbol will appear on the screen at the chosen
location. The size of the symbol is equal to that of the purse
seine selected. This marker may be used to estimate the size of a
school of fish or as an indication of the size of the purse seine.
How to add an ’Own ship’ symbol
1
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Press the Own ship button in the Symbol field on the
Operating Panel.
29
Simrad SH90
The square Own ship symbol is placed on the screen at the
vessel’s current location.
How to add a ’Gear’ symbol
1
Press the Gear button in the Symbol field on the Operating
Panel.
The gear symbol will either be a purse seine circle or a trawl
symbol depending on the parameter chosen by the Gear
button in the Setup menu. The selected gear symbol will
be displayed in yellow.
How to use the seine circle
1
Press the Gear button on the Operating Panel.
The purse seine circle will appear on the forward end of the
ship symbol on the corresponding side of the vessel selected
in the Setup menu. The circle will follow the vessel’s
movements.
2
At the moment the seine is shot, press the Gear button again.
The purse seine circle will remain stationary and indicate
the ideal path for setting the seine. Three square symbols on
the ship’s course line indicate the: shooting, one half, and
the end of the seine positions. Three different nets can be
defined if you click Gear on the Setup menu.
3
Press the Gear button to delete the purse seine circle.
How to use the trawl symbol
This is a useful aid in providing an overview of the trawl
operation. Trawl data can be set manually using the menu or
automatically by interfacing a Simrad FS trawl sonar or Simrad
ITI trawl monitoring system with the sonar.
In the manual mode the trawl symbol will be displayed with
the selected size, depth and distance. When the FS70, FS900
or FS3000 trawl sonar is connected, the trawl symbol will
automatically be displayed with the correct depth in the vertical
modes. When the ITI trawl system is connected, the trawl symbol
will be displayed with the correct distance, bearing and depth.
If required, the trawl opening, ambient water temperature, and
trawl-filling indicator may also be displayed. This is assumed
that the proper sensors are connected to the ITI system.
30
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Operational procedures
How to define and change the gear properties
The gear properties are changed by means of the Gear button
on the Setup menu.
1
Click the middle of the Gear button to open the parameter
dialog.
2
Click once on the gear you wish to use.
3
Click the Edit button at the bottom of the Gear parameter
dialog.
4
For each of the gear parameters available, select the
requested value.
5
Click Close when all the parameters have been defined.
How to investigate marker and symbol
information
1
Click the Objects tab to open the menu.
2
Observe that all the current objects (markers and symbols)
are listed.
• The Objects menu is shown in all display modes, and
displays the range (R), bearing (B) and depth (D) to all
selected objects.
• The identification (ID) abbreviations for the different
objects are:
– AT: Automatic target track marker
– Ci: Circle marker
– M: Target marker
– OS: Own Ship marker
– PT: Position track marker
– F: Radio buoy marker
• The number behind the ID abbreviation refers to the
same number on the object in the sonar presentation. The
“P” after the Automatic target track marker indicates the
priority level where the audio channel is locked to the
target.
• When you select a Target marker, Automatic target track
markeror a Radio buoy marker in the list, a dotted bearing
line from the vessel to the marker will be shown.
3
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To retrieve the information about an object, click the object
abbreviation in the list.
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Simrad SH90
4
Observe that a dedicated parameter dialog with all known
object information appears at the bottom of the menu.
How to delete a marker or symbol
1
2
3
Click the Objects tab to open the menu.
Click on the object that you wish to delete.
Click the Delete button at the bottom of the list.
Alternative method
1
2
3
Place the cursor on the object.
Press the Object button on the Operating Panel (or the right
mouse button)
Click Delete on the menu.
Storage procedures
This section explains how to store and recall sonar images on
the SH90.
How to store sonar images
Note that the Record button on the Operating Panel can be
pressed at any time to start recording. It is not necessary to
open the Store/Recall menu first. When this button is used, the
currently selected recording mode will be used.
Prepare the recording parameters
32
1
2
Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
Click the Store/Recall button to open the Store/Recall menu.
3
Click the Store mode button to choose recording mode.
4
Click the left side of the Store mode button to scroll down
the list of options. Click the middle of the button to open
the parameter dialogue for direct access to the requested
setting, or click the right side of the button to scroll up the
list of options.
Record the images.
5
Click the Close button to close the Store/Recall menu.
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Operational procedures
Once the recording has been activated, the sonar will save
sonar images as defined by the Store mode setting. Each
image is added to the list of temporary files located below
the buttons. Each file name reflects the date and time.
Record a single image
1
2
To record a single image:
A Click the Store button.
or
B Press the Record button on the Operating Panel.
Observe that the message field below the menu displays the
image file name on a green background.
Record multiple images
1
2
3
To start recording:
A Click the Store button.
or
B Press the Record button on the Operating Panel.
Observe that the message field below the menu displays the
image file names on a green background.
To stop recording:
A Click the Store button.
or
B Press the Record button on the Operating Panel.
How to recall sonar images
Observe the following procedure to recall sonar images.
Preparations
1
2
Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
Click the Store/Recall button to open the Store/Recall menu.
3
Observe the list of images in the Store/Recall menu.
To recall a single image
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1
Click the Recall mode button, and select Single shot.
2
3
Click one of the images to select it.
Click the Recall button to view the image.
33
Simrad SH90
4
The chosen image will be displayed. The phrase “RECALL”
is used to indicate that a recalled image has replaced the
sonar image.
Click the Object button on the Operating Panel to restore
normal operation.
To recall several images
1
Click the Recall mode button, and select how long time you
wish to see each image.
2
To select a number of images files, click the top file, then
hold the Select button on the Operating Panel depressed
while you move the cursor down to select the other files in
the field.
Click the Recall button to view the images.
• The chosen images will be displayed, one by one. The
phrase “RECALL” is used to indicate that a recalled
image has replaced the sonar image.
• When all images has been displayed, the sonar will
automatically resume normal operation.
3
How to keep sonar images
When you store new sonar images, they will by default be added
to the list of Temporary files. This list will contain maximum 100
images, and when this limit has been reached, the oldest files
will be automatically removed.
1 Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
2 Click the Store/Recall button to open the Store/Recall menu.
3 Observe the list of images in the Store/Recall menu. There
are two lists, one for temporary files, and one for permanent.
4 Click one of the images in the Temporary files field to select
it.
5 Click the arrow on the top of the Permanent files field to
move the selected image down.
The Permanent files list does not limit the number of files it can
contain. This is however limited by the storage capacity of the
hard disk in the Processor Unit.
How to delete sonar images
1
2
34
Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
Click the Store/Recall button to open the Store/Recall menu.
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Operational procedures
3
4
5
Observe the list of images in the Store/Recall menu.
Click one of the images to select it.
Click the Delete button at the bottom of the file fields to
delete the selected image.
How to rename sonar images
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
Click the Store/Recall button to open the Store/Recall menu.
Observe the list of images in the Store/Recall menu.
Click one of the images in the Permanent files field to select
it.
Click the Rename button below the files to rename the
selected image.
• Observe that a parameter dialogue opens to present the
current file name.
• Observe that an on-screen keyboard opens to allow you
to enter characters.
Place the cursor at the beginning of the current file name,
and click the Del (Delete) button on the on-line keyboard to
remove the characters in the current file name.
• Make sure that you do not delete the file name extension
.bmp.
Click the necessary characters on the on-line keyboard to
build a new file name.
Click the Close button in the parameter dialogue when you
have completed the new file name.
Figure 10
On-screen keyboard
You are also permitted to change the file name on images in the
Temporary files field. However, if you wish to transfer the chosen
image to the Permanent files field afterwards, you will find that
the new file name is changed by the transfer process.
How to print sonar images
1
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Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
35
Simrad SH90
2
Click the Store/Recall button to open the Store/Recall menu.
3
Observe the list of images in the Store/Recall menu.
4
Click one of the images to select it.
5
Click the Print button below the files to print the selected
image.
The image will be sent to the default printer connected to the
Processor Unit. You are not allowed to control the output size
and format.
How to burn sonar images on a CD
The SH90 Processor Unit is provided with a CD player capable
of burning blank CDs. Observe the following procedure to burn
selected sonar images on a blank CD. Do not attempt this while
the sonar is in use searching for fish!
Note
This procedure assumes that you have basic knowledge of file
management in Windows.
To access the operating system functions, you can click any Help
button. When the help window opens, you can also access the
Taskbar with the Start button.
1
Insert a blank recordable CD in the Processor Unit.
2
Observe that the operating system’s auto-start function
opens a dialogue requesting guidance.
3
Select Open writable CD folder using Windows Explorer, and
click OK.
4
Observe that a Windows Explorer window opens.
5
By means of normal Windows functions, navigate to the
folder d:/winson/screendumps.
6
Double-click to open sub-folder Permanent or Temporary.
7
Click to select the images you wish to burn on the CD, and
copy them to the CD’s Windows Explorer window.
8
Click Write these files to CD in the Windows Explorer
window, and wait until the process has finished.
9
Remove the CD, and close the Windows Explorer window.
How to copy sonar images to a USB
memory stick
The SH90 Processor Unit is provided with several USB interface
ports. These are located on the rear side of the cabinet, and on
some models below the CD player under the front cover. Observe
36
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Operational procedures
the following procedure to copy selected sonar images over to
a USB memory stick. Do not attempt this while the sonar is in
use searching for fish!
Note
This procedure assumes that you have basic knowledge of file
management in Windows.
1
Insert a USB memory stick into the Processor Unit.
2
Observe that the operating system’s auto-start function
opens a dialogue requesting guidance.
3
Select Open Windows Explorer, and click OK.
4
Observe that a Windows Explorer window opens.
5
By means of normal Windows functions, navigate to the
folder d:/winson/screendumps.
6
Double-click to open sub-folder Permanent or Temporary.
7
Click to select the images you wish to copy to the USB
memory stick, and copy them to the USB’s Windows
Explorer window.
8
Remove the USB memory stick, and close the Windows
Explorer window.
To access the operating system functions, you can click any Help
button. When the help window opens, you can also access the
Taskbar with the Start button.
Automatic search and tracking procedures
The SH90 sonar provides you with two automatic search
programs, horizontal and vertical. Both are initiated from the
Operating Unit
How to start the horizontal search program
Observe the following procedure to run the automatic search
program.
TRAIN
Position
Track
Manual
Target
Track
Auto
Search
(CD015022-008)
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37
Simrad SH90
Procedure
1
Press the Auto search button in the Train field on the
Operating Panel to start the horizontal search program.
2
Hold the Auto search button depressed while you also press
one of the two “arrow” buttons in the Train field.
3
Observe that the opening angle of the search sector is
adjusted accordingly.
4
Release the Auto search button, press and hold one of the
two “arrow” buttons.
5
Observe that the centre of the search sector is trained
accordingly.
To exit the search program, press the Manual button.
How to start the vertical search program
Observe the following procedure to run the automatic search
program.
Procedure
1
Press the Auto button in the Tilt field on the Operating Panel
to start the vertical search program.
Auto
2
Hold the Auto button depressed while you also press one of
the two “arrow” buttons in the Tilt field.
3
Observe that the vertical opening angle of the search sector
is adjusted accordingly.
4
Release the Auto button, press and hold one of the two
“arrow” buttons.
5
Observe that the centre of the vertical search sector is
adjusted accordingly.
6
To exit the search program, press the Manual button.
Manual
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Operational procedures
How to enable position track
Observe this procedure to initiate a position track.
1
Place the cursor over the desired location.
2
Press the Position track button in the Train field on the
Operating Panel.
A geographically fixed circle will appear on the display, and
its position will automatically be tracked by the system with
respect to the bearing and tilt angle. The track parameters can be
investigated by accessing the Objects menu. When the Auto Tilt
function is activated in the Position Track mode the tilt search
centre is automatically adjusted with regard to the distance to
the tracked position.
How to enable target track
Observe this procedure to initiate a target track.
1
Place the cursor over the desired target.
2
Press the Target track button in the Train field on the
Operating Panel.
A circle with dedicated identification (A) will appear on the
display and its position will automatically be tracked by the
system using the strongest echo centred in the track window (B)
represented by the two bars on the audio line. The size of the
track window may be selected using the Track Window button
in the Setup menu.
Figure 11
Target tracking with related symbols
E
C
A
B
(CD015005L)
1P
D
The vector (C) originating from the target’s centre indicates its
course and speed. The length of the vector increases relative to
the target’s speed. One knot is represented by a small mark on
the vector. A course line (D) can also be displayed showing the
target’s track. A point ahead of the target indicates you position
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39
Simrad SH90
after a given time, and this time can be set using the Movements
button on the Setup menu. Target tracking symbols and data are
displayed with a light violet colour.
How to add a target tracking line
Observe this procedure to add a tracking line to a tracked target
to indicate its movement history.
Procedure
1
Choose an operational mode with a horizontal presentation.
2
Place the cursor in the horizontal presentation.
3
Press the View button in the Cursor field on the Operating
Panel.
4
Observe that a short-cut menu appears on the display.
5
Click View Menu, and observe that the GeoView menu opens.
6
Click the Target track button on the GeoView menu.
7
Observe that the Target track parameter dialog opens below
the menu.
8
Choose the length of the tracking line, and click Close to exit.
User setting procedures
This section explains how to handle user and default settings
on the SH90 sonar.
How to save the current user setting
40
1
Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
2
Click the User setting button to open the parameter dialog.
3
Click the Save current setting button.
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Operational procedures
The current setting is saved with the default identification
name.
How to load a user setting
1
2
3
4
5
Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
Click the User setting button to open the parameter dialog.
Click the desired user setting to select it.
Click the Load button.
Click OK in the next parameter dialog to confirm the
selection.
The selected setting is loaded.
How to rename a user setting
Note
In principles you can use any name, but the Mode buttons on the
Operator Panel will only choose from User 1, User 2, User 3
and User 4. These names must also be on the top of the list. If
you wish to add users, apply names like for example “User 5
Charlie”.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
Click the User setting button to open the parameter dialog.
Click the one of the user settings on the list to select it.
Click the Rename button.
• Observe that a parameter dialog opens to present the
current name.
• Observe that an on-line keyboard opens to allow you to
enter characters.
Place the cursor at the beginning of the current name, and
click the Del (Delete) button on the on-line keyboard to
remove the characters.
Click the necessary characters on the on-line keyboard to
build a new name.
Click the OK button in the parameter dialog when you have
completed the new name.
Click the Close button in the User Setting parameter dialog
when you have completed the procedure.
The new name is saved automatically.
How to delete a user setting
1
2
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Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
Click the User setting button to open the parameter dialog.
41
Simrad SH90
3
Click the desired user setting to select it.
4
Click the Delete button.
5
Click OK in the next parameter dialog to confirm the
selection.
The selected user setting is deleted.
How to load the factory settings
1
Click the Setup tab to open the Setup menu.
2
Click the Default setting button.
3
Click OK in the next parameter dialog to confirm the action.
The factory settings are loaded and implemented.
Installation of options
Optional functionality may be added to the SH90.
All options are pre-programmed into the standard sonar version.
When ordering a permanent option installation, a code word will
be released from Simrad. For installation of options, observe
the following procedures.
How to access the Install Options dialog
42
1
Select the Setup menu.
2
Click the Test button to open the System test menu.
3
Click the Installation Menu button.
4
Observe that the installation menu bar is shown on the top
of the screen.
5
Click Options →Install options.
6
Observe that the Install Options parameter dialog opens.
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Operational procedures
’Install Options’ parameter dialog
The following parameters are available in the Install options
parameter dialog.
•
•
HWID: This field displays the unique 12-character hardware
identification code. This code is different for each SH90 sonar.
Simrad uses this code to generate the 32-character code word
used for a permanent option installation.
Add License String: This button is used for permanent
installation of the chosen option. When you press the button,
this will activate the on-screen keyboard used to type the
required 32-character code word.
Adding optional functionality
To add an option permanently
1
Obtain the option code as follows:
1
Open the Install Options parameter dialog, and write
down the HWID number.
2
Send the HWID number to your dealer. Makes sure that
you write down the character string correctly!
3
Use the sonar without the option until your dealer
approaches you with a code word.
2
Open the Install Options parameter dialog, and click the Add
License String number.
3
Place the cursor in the text field.
4
Type the code word on the on-screen keyboard.
5
Check that the 32 characters are entered correctly into the
text field.
6
Click the Apply License String button.
7
Exit the parameter dialog, and restart the sonar.
8
Check that the option is available for use.
Software procedures
Backup and restore
Software backup is provided using dedicated software and
storage devices.
A USB memory device is included with the sonar. This device is
bootable, and it contains the following information:
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43
Simrad SH90
Folder
Information
OS
Licensed Windows XP operating system backup file (*.gho)
Sonar
Sonar software
DOS7
DOS7 operating system files, used to create a bootable USB
memory device
USB
HP USB utility, used to create a bootable USB memory device
Ghost
Norton Ghost 8 (DOS version), used to create backup, and
to restore
Backup
Empty folder for client backup
The USB memory device included with the sonar is dedicated
to the specific Processor Unit supplied. The operating system
backup file on the USB device is licensed.
We strongly advice you to create your own backup once the
sonar installation has been completed. Your backup will then
include the operating system, the sonar software, as well as all
the interface parameters defined.
•
How to create a backup image using the ’Norton Ghost 8’
utility on page 44
How to create a backup image using the
’Norton Ghost 8’ utility
This procedure is used when you wish to create a backup
containing your entire SH90 Processor Unit. The application
used to do the backup is Norton Ghost 8. This application is
provided on a bootable USB memory device.
To create the backup image, you need the bootable USB memory
device provided with the SH90.
1
Boot the computer from the USB memory device.
This procedure describes how to start up SH90 Processor
Unit from a bootable USB memory device, and how the
Norton Ghost 8 utility starts automatically.
44
1
Connect a computer keyboard to one of the USB
connectors on the computer.
2
Insert the bootable memory device (USB memory
stick).
3
Power up the Processor Unit with the front mounted
on/off button (behind the lid).
4
As soon as the BIOS starts to load, press F8 to choose
boot device.
5
When the boot device selection dialog opens, choose
the USB memory stick
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Operational procedures
It is normally identified as USB: [name of memory
stick]
6
Allow the computer to boot.
7
Observe that the Norton Ghost 8 utility starts
automatically.
8
Click Ok in the Norton Ghost 8 start-up dialog.
2
Click Local →Disk →To image.
3
Choose the local source drive. This is the disk partition to
be copied to the backup disk.
Click 2 to select the largest partition. The small partition
is the USB memory device.
4
Click Ok.
5
Choose which folder on the USB memory stick to hold the
data.
If you use the factory USB memory device, folder Backup
has been prepared for this use.
6
Enter preferred name for the image file.
7
Click Save.
8
In the next dialog, click High to use maximum file
compression.
9
In the next dialog, click Yes to proceed with the image file
creation.
10 Wait for the backup process to finish. Once completed,
remove the USB memory stick, and restart the computer.
How to restore from a backup image using
the ’Norton Ghost 8’ utility
This procedure is used when you wish to restore the SH90
software from a pre-made backup file containing your entire
installation. The backup file may either be generic, or it may be
custom made to fit your system. The application used to restore
from the backup is Norton Ghost 8.
If you restore your system from a generic image file, you must
both change the Windows license, and activate it, before you can
use the SH90. You must also reinstall the SH90 software.
1
Boot the computer from the USB memory device.
This procedure describes how to start up SH90 Processor
Unit from a bootable USB memory device, and how the
Norton Ghost 8 utility starts automatically.
1
323773/C
Connect a computer keyboard to one of the USB
connectors on the computer.
45
Simrad SH90
2
3
4
5
Insert the bootable memory device (USB memory
stick).
Power up the Processor Unit with the front mounted
on/off button (behind the lid).
As soon as the BIOS starts to load, press F8 to choose
boot device.
When the boot device selection dialog opens, choose
the USB memory stick
It is normally identified as USB: [name of memory
stick]
Allow the computer to boot.
Observe that the Norton Ghost 8 utility starts
automatically.
8 Click Ok in the Norton Ghost 8 start-up dialog.
2 Click Local →Disk →From image.
3 Choose from which folder on the USB memory stick to
restore the data.
If you use the factory USB memory device, folder Backup
has been prepared for this use.
4 Choose the backup file to restore.
5 Choose to which drive you wish to restore the data.
Use Drive 2. This is the largest drive.
6 Click Ok to verify the drive details.
7 Click Yes to proceed with the restore.
8 Wait for the restore process to finish. This will take some
time depending on the size of the data.
9 Click Reset computer when the restore has finished.
10 Allow Windows to boot.
11 Click Yes when the computer wishes to restart.
12 When the computer has restarted, proceed with normal
operation.
6
7
How to reactivate the Windows licence
This procedure assumes that you have restored your Processor
Unit from a generic operating system backup. Using this method,
the Windows license on the Processor Unit is wrong, and it is not
activated. Since an inactivated license only will work for a short
period of time, it is very important that it is activated. Windows
provides a dedicated utility (wizard) to do this.
You must activate Windows within 30 days of installation.
Activation helps verify that Windows on your computer is
genuine and that it hasn’t been used on more computers
46
323773/C
Operational procedures
than the Microsoft Software License Terms allow. In this
way, activation helps prevent software counterfeiting. You
can activate either online or by phone. To activate online,
you’ll need an Internet connection. Activating by phone
requires interacting with an automated phone system.
— http://windows.microsoft.com
Note
This procedure is only valid for Windows XP.
1
Connect a computer keyboard to one of the USB connectors
on the computer.
2
Allow the computer to restart with the new operating system.
3
Answer Yes to reactivate Windows.
If the system fails to ask, you can start the activation wizard
by clicking Run in the bottom left corner, and choose
Activate Windows from the menu.
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4
Observe the following dialog:
5
Click Yes, I want to telephone a customer service
representative....
6
Click Next.
7
Observe the following dialog:
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Simrad SH90
8
Click Change Product key.
9
Observe the following dialog:
10 Enter the license code
The license is found on a sticker on the rear side of the lid
covering the DVD player.
11 Click Update.
12 Click Back.
13 Observe the following dialog:
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Operational procedures
14 If your computer is connected to the Internet.
Note
Do not leave the computer connected to the Internet for
longer than absolutely required. It is neither protected by
anti virus applications nor firewall.
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1
Click Yes, let’s activate Windows over the Internet now.
2
Click Next.
3
Observe the following dialog:
4
Click No, I don’t want to register now....
5
Click Next.
6
Observe the following dialog:
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Simrad SH90
15 If your computer is not connected to the Internet.
50
1
Click Yes, I want to telephone a customer service
representative....
2
Click Next.
3
Observe the following dialog:
4
Select your location.
5
Call the number provided.
6
Provide the installation ID to the service desk.
7
Type in the confirmation ID provided to you.
8
Click Next.
9
Observe the following dialog:
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Operational procedures
16 When activation succeeds, click OK, and allow the computer
to restart.
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Simrad SH90
DISPLAY MODES
The SH90 sonar provides you with several different display
modes. These have been created to cover all your operational
needs for various types of fishing and fishing gear.
Bow up
When Bow up mode is selected, the vessel symbol is stationary on
the screen with the bow pointing upwards. The echo presentation
covers 360 degrees around the vessel, and all echoes are updated
for every ping. The distance from the vessel symbol to the outer
echo ring is equal to the selected range. The movement of the
echoes across the screen are controlled by a combination of the
vessel’s course and speed and the target’s own movements.
Bow up/Audio
When Bow up/Audio mode is selected, the upper half of the
screen shows a bow-up presentation, while the lower part is
used for a recording of the audio channel. The audio channel is
shown with a continuous white line in the horizontal picture,
and it can be trained in any direction. The recorded echoes are
a direct replica of the echoes under the white audio line. As
the audio channel is recorded over a period of time, this mode
is especially useful for detection of weak echoes mixed with
reverberation or noise. The information recorded by the audio
channel is always stored in the computer, even if another mode is
selected. That means that this recording will always be presented
when selecting the Bow up/Audio mode. Note that the vessel
symbol can be moved to any position in the horizontal view with
the cursor and Off Centre button on the Operating Panel.
Bow Up/Vertical
When Bow up/Vertical mode is selected, the picture is divided
into three sections; where the left side is a bow-up presentation
similar to the Bow up presentation previously described. The
upper part on the right hand side is a Catch data presentation,
while the lower part is a Vertical slice presentation.
Bow Up/Dual Vertical
When Bow up/Dual vertical mode is selected, the upper part
of the screen shows a curtailed bow-up presentation, while the
lower part shows two vertical slice presentations. The bearing
of the left vertical presentation is indicated by the white audio
line in the horizontal presentation, while the bearing of the right
vertical presentation is indicated by the yellow-dashed line.
All borders between the different views may be moved to any
position by using the trackball.
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Display modes
Bow up/180° Vertical
When the Bow up/180° Vertical mode is selected, the upper part
of the screen shows a curtailed Bow up presentation, while the
lower part shows a 180 degrees Vertical slice presentation. This
mode is mainly intended for trawlers, where the vertical view
acts as a multibeam echo sounder. The bearing of the vertical
slice can be selected in the Vertical View menu. You can control
the audio line, an indicator line, or you can set it to be locked
in forward, aft or athwart ships position. As the cylindrical
transducer has a “blind zone” straight down, an echo presentation
in this direction will be limited to two approximately 60 degrees
sectors. To avoid this “blind zone”, the vertical slice is made
“tippable”, and by selecting a -60 degrees tip angle (or less),
a full 180 degrees coverage is obtained. The tip angle can be
adjusted from +10 to -90 degrees. In addition to the read-out in
the Tip menu button, the selected tip angle is shown with a dotted
yellow line in the tilt indicator in the upper left corner.
True motion
When True motion mode is selected, the picture is locked to a
geographical position, where the vessel moves around the screen
according to its present course and speed. All echoes are always
presented in their correct position relative to the vessel, and their
movements on the screen will be a true representation of the
movements of the targets through the water. When the vessel
symbol reaches the edge of the screen, it will automatically be
moved back to the centre, or to a position determined by the Off
Centre button on the Operating Panel. This position is reset to the
screen centre whenever the mode is changed. When you press
the Target Track button, the target will automatically be moved to
the screen centre.
True motion/Vertical
When True motion/Vertical mode is selected, the picture is
divided into three sections; where the left side is a True motion
presentation similar to the true motion presentation previously
described. The upper part on the right hand side is a Catch data
presentation, while the lower part is a Vertical slice presentation.
North up
When North up mode is selected, true north is always up on the
screen. The vessel symbol is stationary with the bow pointing in
the vessel’s course direction. The movement of the echoes across
the screen are controlled by a combination of the vessel’s course
and speed and the target’s own movements.
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Simrad SH90
Dual 1
The Dual 1 mode is a kind of “two sonars in one” operation, where
each presentation is updated for every second transmission. All
settings can be set individually for each of the two presentations.
This makes the dual mode especially useful for optimizing
settings by directly comparing the two presentations. To optimize
the horizontal settings, use the Horizontal menu to try different
settings in the upper picture. These settings are automatically
transferred to the other modes. The dual operation may also
be used for other user applications, where different range, tilt,
frequency and other parameters can be selected.
Dual 2
The Dual 2 mode is very similar to the Dual 1 mode previously
described, but the “two sonars” are presented next to each other.
All settings can still be set individually for each of the two
presentations.
270°/Vertical
The 270°/Vertical mode is specially designed for purse seining.
The vertical half slice is displayed in the lower left corner for
normal setting with the net on the starboard side. If the net is set
on the port side, the 60 degrees vertical slice will be displayed
in the lower right hand corner. With this presentation, it is easy
to keep the best contact with a school in both the vertical and
horizontal presentation, and to determine its size distribution.
The position of the school relative to the bottom is another
important information provided by this presentation. The Catch
data presentation for purse seining is shown on the right hand
side. It shows all the net data relative to the target and the bottom,
as well as all available target data.
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Operating Panel
OPERATING PANEL
The frequently used functions are directly accessible by the
designated control buttons on the Operating Panel, and may
enter operational commands directly. The buttons are grouped in
fields according to their purpose. Most sonar functions are also
accessible and activated using the menu system on the display
and the trackball and Select button on the Operating Panel.
Figure 12
Operating Panel
Main Switch
This is the sonar’s “on/off” switch. It has been previously
explained. See Power on/off procedures on page 11.
Symbol
These buttons allow you to enter four different markers and
symbols on the sonar picture; Target marker, Own ship symbol,
Circle marker and Gear symbol. The two markers will be placed
at the cursor’s location when you press the button. The Own ship
symbol produces a square symbol on the screen at the vessel’s
current location when the button is pressed, while the Gear
symbol is used to deploy a seine or trawl symbol. See Markers
and symbols procedures on page 28.
Mode
These four buttons provide fast access to the four operational
modes you select, or to four predefined user configurations. You
must select which four modes or user configurations to select,
and in which order they shall appear. To choose button function,
click Mode button on the Display menu. To define the order of
the operational modes, click Sort modes on the Setup menu. See
Mode procedures on page 27 and User setting procedures on
page 40.
Gain
This is where you set up the gain in both horizontal and vertical
presentations. See Gain adjustment procedures on page 25.
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Simrad SH90
Range
This is where you select the range in the horizontal and vertical
presentations.
Cursor
The trackball is used to move the cursor on the display. The Menu
button is used to hide the menu, while the Select button is used to
make selections on the display. The View and Object buttons open
specific short-cut menus. See Control the cursor on page 16.
Tilt
These are the buttons used to tilt the sonar beam up or down. You
can also start an automatic tilt program to carry out automatic
searches, see How to start the vertical search program on
page 38.
Train
These buttons control the sideways movements (training) of the
sonar beam. You can also start an automatic training program
to carry out automatic searches, and you can lock the beam on
a chosen target or position. See How to start the horizontal
search program on page 37 and How to add ’Target’ and ’Circle’
markers on page 29.
Various
These buttons are used to start a recording and to zoom in on the
sonar picture. See Storage procedures on page 32.
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Menu descriptions
MENU DESCRIPTIONS
The Simrad SH90 sonar is equipped with an extensive menu
system, and you will use this to choose parameters for the various
operational modes. In order to select active menu and to click the
various buttons, you must use the cursor. The cursor is controlled
by the trackball on the Operating Panel, and to “click” you
simply press the Select button.
Note
This chapter does not describe all the menu buttons on the SH90
sonar. For a complete description of these, refer to the Reference
Manual.
Active menus
The active menus are those relevant for the different operational
modes. The menus are shown with vertical selector tabs on the
right hand side, and each menu can easily be selected using the
trackball and the Select button on the Operating Panel. All menus
have access to on-line help through a Help button.
Horizontal menu
Menu description
The Horizontal menu is used to control the
horizontal presentations. The parameters
chosen are present in all display modes.
When a horizontal parameter setting is
selected and defined in one mode, the
chosen settings will automatically be
applied to all modes. The Horizontal 2
menu is identical to the Horizontal menu.
It is used during Dual 1 and Dual 2
operations.
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Simrad SH90
Menu buttons
•
Range: Select the range for the horizontal presentation.
•
Tilt: Select the sonar beam’s vertical angle.
•
Bearing: This button controls the direction of the white
bearing line on your sonar picture. This line may be used to
control the direction of the vertical slice.
•
Gain: This setting controls the amplification of the received
echoes in the horizontal presentation. If you activate the
AGC (Automatic Gain Control) function, this gain setting is
influenced.
•
Pulse Form: Use this function to select the form of the
transmitted pulse. This could either be FM (Frequency
modulation) with different pulse lengths, or CW with different
pulse lengths.
•
TX Power: This button controls the transmission power.
•
Beam: This button allows you to choose vertical beamwidth
in the horizontal presentation.
•
TVG: Time Varied Gain. This function will automatically
adjust the gain in the sonar to compensate for geometric
spread and absorption. Note that the TVG will only work
within the first 1000 meters.
58
•
AGC: Automatic Gain Control. This function will
automatically reduce the gain if you experience reverberation
and noise, or increase it if the conditions permit it. Using the
AGC will ensure best possible signal processing.
•
RCG: Reverberation Controlled Gain. This function will
automatically remove unwanted reverberation from the
bottom or from the sea surface. It may however also remove
scattered fish.
•
Noise Filter: This filter can be used to minimize the
interference from other acoustic systems (sonars and echo
sounders) on your own and other vessels. It will also suppress
noise from your propellers, and from other similar noise
sources.
•
PP Filter: The Ping-to-Ping filter will only show you the
echoes if they are still present after several consecutive pings
(2, 4 or 8). This function will provide you with a more stable
echo presentation, as spurious echoes will be suppressed.
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Menu descriptions
Vertical menu
Menu description
The Vertical menu is only shown in modes
with a vertical slice function. All relevant
settings, except the TX Power, can be
selected separately for the vertical modes
independent of the horizontal settings.
When any vertical setting is selected and
defined in one mode, the setting will be
applied to all vertical modes.
Menu buttons
•
Range: Select the range for the vertical presentation.
•
Bearing: Use this function to adjust the bearing.
•
Gain: This setting controls the amplification of the received
echoes in the vertical presentation. If you activate the AGC
(Automatic Gain Control) function, this gain setting is
influenced.
•
Pulse Form: Use this function to select the form of the
transmitted pulse. This could either be FM (Frequency
modulation) with different pulse lengths, or CW with different
pulse lengths.
•
TX Power: This button controls the transmission power.
•
TVG: Time Varied Gain. This function will automatically
adjust the gain in the sonar to compensate for geometric
spread and absorption. Note that the TVG will only work
within the first 1000 meters.
•
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AGC: Automatic Gain Control. This function will
automatically reduce the gain if you experience reverberation
and noise, or increase it if the conditions permit it. Using the
AGC will ensure best possible signal processing.
59
Simrad SH90
•
RCG: Reverberation Controlled Gain. This function will
automatically remove unwanted reverberation from the
bottom or from the sea surface. It may however also remove
scattered fish.
• PP Filter: The Ping-to-Ping filter will only show you the
echoes if they are still present after several consecutive pings
(2, 4 or 8). This function will provide you with a more stable
echo presentation, as spurious echoes will be suppressed.
Vertical 180 menu
Menu description
The Vertical 180 menu is only shown
when the Bow up/180° Vertical mode is
chosen. All relevant settings, except the
TX Power, can be selected separately for
the vertical modes independent of the
horizontal settings. When any vertical
setting is selected and defined in one
mode, the setting will be applied to all
vertical modes. The Tip button is only
available on this menu. The Tip button is
used to tip the vertical slice to avoid the
blind zone.
Menu buttons
•
•
Range: Select the range for the vertical presentation.
Tip: Use this setting to tip the vertical slice to avoid the blind
zone.
• Bearing: Use this function to adjust the bearing.
• Gain: This setting controls the amplification of the received
echoes in the vertical presentation. If you activate the AGC
(Automatic Gain Control) function, this gain setting is
influenced.
• Pulse Form: Use this function to select the form of the
transmitted pulse. This could either be FM (Frequency
modulation) with different pulse lengths, or CW with different
pulse lengths.
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Menu descriptions
•
•
TX Power: This button controls the transmission power.
TVG: Time Varied Gain. This function will automatically
adjust the gain in the sonar to compensate for geometric
spread and absorption. Note that the TVG will only work
within the first 1000 meters.
• AGC: Automatic Gain Control. This function will
automatically reduce the gain if you experience reverberation
and noise, or increase it if the conditions permit it. Using the
AGC will ensure best possible signal processing.
• RCG: Reverberation Controlled Gain. This function will
automatically remove unwanted reverberation from the
bottom or from the sea surface. It may however also remove
scattered fish.
• PP Filter: The Ping-to-Ping filter will only show you the
echoes if they are still present after several consecutive pings
(2, 4 or 8). This function will provide you with a more stable
echo presentation, as spurious echoes will be suppressed.
Display menu
Menu description
The Display menu is shown in all display
modes, and provides access to parameters
controlling the visual presentation of the
sonar views. Some of the choices on the
menu are simple on/off buttons.
Menu buttons
•
•
Full screen: Click this button to remove or retrieve the menu.
Palette: Click this button to choose a presentation colour
palette to suit your personal preferences.
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Simrad SH90
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
62
Display Gain: This function controls the amount of echo that
are displayed. Use this control together with Gain to control
the sonar’s sensitivity.
Colour Threshold: Click this button to control how many
colours to use in the echo presentation.
Colours: Control how bright colours you wish to use. The
colour bar in the menu shows the colour range that is used.
Resolution: Select 16 or 64 colours in the display presentation.
The chosen resolution is shown in the colour bar below the
button.
Panel Backlight: This function controls the intensity of the
backlight in the Operating Panel.
Mode buttons: Use this button to choose how the Mode
buttons on the Operating Panel shall work. You can either
choose between the four most frequent modes, or the four
most frequent user settings.
Language: Choose the menu language.
Units: Allows you to choose the units used by the sonar.
Cosmetics: Click to access the Cosmetics menu, which allows
you to control the amount of support information on the sonar
picture.
Bearing (Display): Set up the sound channel bearing to be
relative or related to true north.
Menu: Choose if you wish to see the complete menus (as
described here), or just the most important settings.
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Menu descriptions
Setup menu
Menu description
The Setup menu is shown in all display
modes, and gives access to parameters
controlling the processing and algorithms
in the sonar system. It also provides
access to specific system parameters and
functions such as Test and Store/Recall.
Menu buttons
•
Store/Recall: Click this button to record and playback sonar
images.
•
•
Test: Click this button to access the sonar’s test software.
These utilities are only provided for certified service
technicians, and they are not documented.
Gear: This button is used to select the type of fishing gear
you use, and to get the right size and position of the gear on
the display.
•
School: This parameter is used to obtain information of the
volume estimation of a school in the automatic target tracking
program.
•
Dead Reckoning: This is an on/off function. When off, the
GPS is used to calculate the position of your vessel. When on,
the current speed and the input from the gyro is used.
•
Stabilizer: When this function is active, the sonar will
automatically adjust the sonar picture to compensate for the
ship’s movements in the sea.
•
Movements: This function makes it possible to estimate the
position of a tracked school at a given time.
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Simrad SH90
•
Track window: This command enables you to adjust the
size of the window the sonar places on the chosen target. A
larger track window will enable the system to track a large
target more easily, but the system will be more susceptible to
background noise. Smaller targets may be ignored if there is a
lot of noise in the area, as the system will track the strongest
echo within the track window.
•
Wind direction: The wind marker is show in the outer area
of the echo presentation as a white arrow. This arrow can
be manually adjusted for indication of the wind or current
direction, or automatically show the wind direction if a wind
sensor is connected.
•
Wind speed: This is not a parameter. It is only a read-out of the
current wind speed providing that a wind sensor is connected.
If the Scientific Output function has been implemented, this
Wind speed button is replaced with the Scientific Output button.
•
Scientific Output: This is an optional functionality designed to
be used when the sonar is used for scientific purposes. When
enabled, the sonar will provide special information on an
ethernet port. This button replaces the Wind speed button.
•
Sort modes: Click to access the Sort Modes temporary menu.
This menu is used to select the display modes to be activated
by the four Mode buttons on the Operating Panel. The four
upper display modes in the Sort Modes menu will always be
the four modes activated by the four Mode buttons in the order
they are sorted.
•
External sync(hronisation): This function makes it possible to
eliminate interference from other Simrad sonars on board your
vessel. If the sonars are connected together, you can use these
settings to synchronise their transmissions.
64
•
Fish alarm: This function makes it possible to set up the
sonar to warn you when a school of fish are detected inside
the selected sector. The selected sector is displayed with white
dashed lines in the horizontal sonar picture.
•
User setting: This function is used to store the parameter
settings for different type of fisheries, or individual user
related settings.
•
Default Setting: Click this button to retrieve the default
factory settings.
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Menu descriptions
Objects menu
Menu description
The Objects menu is shown in all display modes, and displays the
range (R), bearing (B) and depth (D) to all selected objects. The
identifying abbreviations for the different objects are:
•
AT: Automatic Target Track marker
•
Ci: Circle marker
•
M: Target marker
•
OS: Own Ship marker
•
PT: Position Track marker
•
F: Radio Buoy marker (if a GPS buoy system is connected)
For additional information, see Markers and symbols procedures
on page 28.
Temporary menus
The temporary menus are those selected from the active menus.
They are also shown with vertical tabs on the right side of
the menu, and can easily be selected by the trackball and the
Select button. The temporary menus must however be removed
manually using the Close button in the bottom of menu. All
temporary menus have access to on-line help through a Help
button.
Cosmetics menu
The Cosmetics menu is activated by pressing the Cosmetics button
in the Display menu. The menu provides access to various
parameters controlling the appearance of the sonar picture. All
the functions - except Track History - are on/off buttons.
Store/Recall menu
The Store/Recall menu is activated by the Store/Recall button
in the Setup menu. This menu is used to store single display
pictures or a sequence or pictures. The stored pictures can easily
be recalled for evaluation or comparing schools. For additional
information, see Setup menu on page 63 and Storage procedures
on page 32.
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65
Simrad SH90
System Test menu
The System test menu is activated by the Test button in the Setup
menu. This menu provides several sensor measurements and
test functions for operational and functional tests. Note that
tests are designed only to be carried out by qualified service
engineers. From this menu you can also access the Message Bar
configuration.
Sort Modes menu
This menu is used to select the display modes to be activated by
the four Mode buttons on the Operating Panel. The four upper
display modes in this menu will always be the modes selected by
the four Mode buttons in the order they are sorted. In order to sort
the modes, click on a mode to select it, and click the Move Up and
Move Down buttons to move the selected mode up or down the
list. When the modes are organized in the requested order, click
the Apply button to save the setting, and Close to close the menu.
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Basic theory
BASIC THEORY
This chapter explains some of the basic theory related to settings,
error sources and noise conditions.
Settings
A sonar will transmit a sound wave into the water around the
vessel. When this sound wave hits fish, bottom, or other objects
in the water, a part of the sound will be returned as echoes.
These echoes are collected by the sonar, interpreted by the sonar
computers, and presented on the display.
The most important interpretation is however left to you, and
it may often be difficult to distinguish the echoes and identify
targets. In order to help you with this, the SH90 sonar provides
numerous advanced filter and gain functions. You can also tilt
the sonar beam vertically in order to achieve an optimum result,
and you can use the vertical slice to view “across” into the water.
This chapter provides you with some basic theory about some
of the key settings available.
What is TVG?
TVG means Time Varied Gain. As echoes will be weaker
when the distance to them increase, the sonar will automatically
amplify distant echoes more than close echoes. In practice, the
gain will increase in proportion with how long the sonar must
wait for the echoes.
Figure 13
The TVG principle: The gain at time (B) is larger than at time (A)
(CD015005-003)
C
A
0
1
10
B
100
1000
When you choose the TVG setting you can either switch it off, or
choose a “X log R” value. The different settings determine how
much gain the sonar will use as time elapses along the X-axis. A
higher value for “X” will make the angle (C) steeper.
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Simrad SH90
What is AGC?
AGC means Automatic Gain Control. The AGC will
automatically scale the received echo data to maintain a proper
dynamic range based on all the incoming echo values. In addition
to Off, the strength of the filter can be set to three different levels.
What is the PP Filter?
PP Filter means Ping-to-Ping filter. When this function is
activated, the sonar will compare the echoes from one ping with
the echoes from the next pings. If an echo is present at the first
ping, but then disappears at the next, the sonar will interpret this
as noise and reverberation, and suppress it.
If you choose setting Weak, the sonar will only compare two
consecutive pings. If you choose settings Medium or Strong the
sonar will compare four and eight pings respectively.
About pulse form and length
On the SH90 sonar, you can transmit sound modulated as
• FM
• CW
FM means frequency modulated, which means that the frequency
of the transmitted pulse is changed during the transmission. In
most cases this method will provide better echo presentation and
stability, and you will avoid excessive noise and reverberation.
CW means continuous wave, which means that the transmission
frequency is fixed during the entire pulse. When you use CW
transmission you can choose the length of the pulses. In a search
phase under good conditions, you should try setting Long. If the
conditions worsen, try to shorten the pulse length. This will make
it easier to distinguish the various echoes, and the reverberation
will be reduced.
The default setting on the SH90 sonar is FM Auto. In this
transmission mode, the sonar will automatically choose the
optimal pulse length for the current range.
About beam widths
A narrow beam will always reach further than a wide beam. This
is because the transmitted power of the sonar is concentrated.
Nevertheless, you can easily “miss” a school of fish if you make
the beam too narrow. If the range is reduced, it is the common to
use a wider beam.
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Basic theory
Figure 14
Beam widths
A
Large
B
Normal
C
Narrow
The normal setting on the SH90 sonar is Normal. This setting is
basically designed for longer ranges.
You may also try setting Auto. This setting will automatically
adjust the beam width depending on the current range.
About Gain
You can adjust the gain in many different ways, but the most
important is the setting made by the Gain buttons on the
Operating Panel and on the Horizontal and Vertical menus.
If you have too much gain, you will see a sonar picture with too
many echoes. This is because the large amplification presents all
kind of noise and reverberation that the sonar picks up. If the
gain is smaller the noise and reverberation will disappear, but if it
the gain is too small the fish echoes may disappear as well. In
most cases you should try with a medium value.
On this sonar, you can adjust the horizontal and vertical gain
independent of each other. The horizontal gain is used when the
sonar operates in a horizontal mode, for example Bow up or True
motion. If you switch to a mode with a vertical view, for example
True motion/Vertical, your sonar will need a different gain setting
for the beams directed towards the bottom.
To adjust the gain, see How to adjust the gain on page 25.
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Simrad SH90
What is RCG?
RCG means Reverberation Controlled Gain. This is a
two-dimensional filtering of the received echoes in order to
suppress unwanted surface and bottom reverberation.
If you select Strong, the bottom echoes will disappear altogether
if the bottom is flat, while schools of fish close to the bottom
will be easier to see.
Note that scattered fish may be more difficult to spot if the RCG
function is active, as these can be misinterpreted as reverberation.
It is therefore important that you use the RCG with great care if
your are searching for scattered fish.
About tilt
The sonar beam can be tilted vertically in steps of 1 degree, and
the chosen tilt is shown on the sonar picture. At 0 degrees tilt
you will transmit the sonar beam in parallel with the sea surface,
while 60 degrees tilt will direct it almost straight down.
Figure 15
Tilt
C
A
B
(CD015005D)
The challenge will always be to find a tilt that prevents the fish
echoes to be buried in reverberation and bottom echoes.
If you use a high tilt value (A) the fish will easily be disguised
by the bottom echoes, but a strong RCG setting will help. As
the distance from the bottom to the fish increases, the fish will
be easier to see when the RCG removes the bottom echoes.
However, this assumes that the fish echoes are considerably
stronger than the bottom echoes.
If you use a very small tilt (C) you will not be bothered by bottom
echoes. If the sea surface is gusty, you will however easily see
echoes from the waves. These echoes will normally be rather
weak, and will hardly move in relation to your vessel.
70
323773/C
Basic theory
By means of a medium tilt angle (B) you will most likely be able
to pick up scattered fish or schools if these are located at some
distance above the bottom. The upper school in the illustration
will appear on the sonar picture before the bottom echo, while the
lower school will easily be disguised by the bottom echoes. Once
again you can activate the RCG function to improve the reading.
Noise and reverberation
Every time you use the sonar the quality of your search
operations will depend on numerous error sources caused by the
natural environment and physical properties of your vessel. We
distinguish between the two terms noise and reverberation.
•
Noise is generated by the vessel: engine, propellers, winches,
refrigerating plants etc.
•
Reverberation is caused by natural conditions in the sea:
temperature, salinity, sea state and bottom conditions.
The most common cause of acoustic noise is the propeller and
the cavitation caused by its rotation. Other typical noise sources
on board your vessels are winches, refrigerating plants, power
generators, pumps and cranes. If you experience problems you
think are caused by noise, try to find out which system that causes
the noise, and contact your dealer for advice.
Cavitation
As the propeller blades move through the water, low pressure
areas are formed as the water accelerates around and moves past
the blades. The faster the blades move, the lower the pressure
around it will become. As it reaches vapour pressure, the water
vaporizes and forms small bubbles of gas. This is cavitation.
323773/C
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Simrad SH90
Figure 16
Cavitation [1]
When the bubbles collapse, they cause very strong local
shock-waves in the water. These may be audible and can also
damage the propeller blades. In addition to this, the cavitation
will generate very strong reverberation, commonly seen as a red
stripe of echoes behind the vessel.
If you have big problems with cavitation, try to adjust the
propeller pitch and/or the number of revolutions.
Reverberation
Reverberation is generated when the echoes from your sonar
transmission are reflected not only by fish and objects in the
water, but also from the bottom and the sea surface.
Figure 17
Reverberation
B
A
(CD015005E)
1.
72
Photo from US Navy/Wikipedia in the public domain.
323773/C
Basic theory
The echoes from the bottom will vary with how uneven the
bottom is, what kind of bottom you have under your vessel,
(rock, mud, sand etc.) as well as your current tilt setting. The
echo from the sea surface will vary with the current sea state and
your current tilt setting.
The illustration demonstrates how the bottom and the sea surface
return echoes back to your sonar transducer. In situation (A) you
will see several weak echoes from the waves and from the rock on
the bottom, you will still be able to identify the school of fish. In
situation (B) you will be able to identify the upper school of fish,
but the lower school will be hidden in the shadow of the rock.
Be aware of that other vessels close to you will also generate
reverberation due to the water disturbance caused by the wake,
the propellers and the cooling water spill.
Blocking
The movement of your vessel through the water will often –
especially in higher sea states – cause air bubbles to be generated,
and these bubbles will move along the hull. This is called
blocking. In order to prevent this noise from disturbing your
sonar operations, it is important to lower the sonar transducer as
far down below the hull as possible.
Check the noise yourself!
If you are bothered with acoustic or electric noise, you can easily
run a few simple tests to identify the cause of the problem.
How to check the acoustic noise
This procedure provides a simple method to check the acoustic
noise.
1
Click the Setup tab to open the menu.
2
Click the Test button to open the System test menu.
3
Click the Test config button, and select Noise and VR in the
parameter dialog.
4
Click the Close button in the parameter dialog to close it.
5
Observe the Echo level button on the System test menu.
6
Read the noise level.
The level your read in the button is the current noise in the
direction of the cursor. The noise is provided in dB, and the
number should be as small as possible.
In order to reduce the noise, try to adjust the propeller pitch
and the number of revolutions.
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Simrad SH90
How to check for electrical noise
This procedure provides a simple method to check the electrical
noise.
1
Switch off all electric equipment that can cause electrical
noise.
This includes motor, propellers, thrusters, winches, coolingand air conditioning systems, pumps, cranes, hydraulic
systems etc.
2
Switch the equipment on again one at the time, and check
the sonar every time.
With luck, you will spot which of your electrical systems
that create the noise. To deal with the problem, consult your
dealer and/or a certified ships electrician.
Layers and deflections
Your sonar operations may also be disturbed by environmental
situations that you are unable to control. Two typical conditions
are temperature and salinity layers, and deflections caused by
increasing or decreasing water temperature.
Temperature and salinity layers
You may experience that temperature and/or salinity layers exist
in the water column. Since the speed of sound in water depends
on its temperature and salinity, such layers will cause the sound
beam to be reflected.
Figure 18
Temperature and salinity layers
A
B
(CD015005F)
If you transmit a sonar beam down towards a temperature
or salinity layer (A), it may be reflected as indicated in the
illustration. The school of fish (B) you thought you would see
will not be visible at all.
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323773/C
Basic theory
Deflections
On warm days – especially during summer – the sea surface will
be heated by the sun, and the water temperature will gradually
decrease with increasing depth.
Figure 19
Water temperatures on warm days
B
A
(CD015005G)
When the temperature decreases (A) closer to the bottom, the
sonar beam is deflected down as indicated by the illustration. The
school of fish (B) you thought you would see is not visible at all.
On cold days, you may experience the opposite: the cold water
will be close to the surface, and the water temperature increases
with increasing depth.
Figure 20
Water temperatures on cold days
A
B
(CD015005H)
When the temperature decreases (A) closer to the surface, the
sonar beam is deflected up as indicated by the illustration. The
school of fish (B) you thought you would see is once again not
visible at all, and you will also see a ring of surface echoes.
323773/C
75
Simrad SH90
Index
270°/Vertical
mode, 54
A
About
on-line help, 22
this manual, 7
Acoustic noise
test, 73
Add
circle marker, 29
gear symbol, 30
own ship symbol, 29
target marker, 29
vessel symbol, 29
AGC
adjust, 25
menu button, 58–59, 61
theory, 68
AT
Automatic Target Track
marker, 65
Automatic
position
track, 39
target
track, 39
tilt
program, 38
train
program, 37
Automatic Gain Control
adjust, 25
Automatic Target Track
marker, 65
B
Backup
Processor Unit, 43
software, 44
Backup file
create backup, 44
Basic
information, 9
operations, 13
Basic theory, 67
Beam
menu button, 58
Beam width
theory, 68
Bearing
display read-out, 18
menu button, 58–60
Bearing (display)
76
menu button, 62
Bearing Card
description, 20
Blocking
theory, 73
Boot
from USB, 44–45
Boundary lines
moving, 19
Bow Marker
description, 22
Bow up
mode, 52
Bow up/180° vertical
mode, 53
Bow up/Audio
mode, 52
Bow up/Dual vertical
mode, 52
Bow up/Vertical
mode, 52
Burn on CD
sonar images, 36
Button
menu
basic operation, 16
C
Cavitation
theory, 71
Ci
Circle marker, 65
Circle
marker, 65
marker investigate, 31
marker, delete, 32
Circle marker
about, 29
add, 29
Colour Threshold
menu button, 62
Colours
menu button, 62
Compass Card
description, 21
Copy to USB
sonar images, 36
Cosmetics
descriptions, 19
menu, 65
menu button, 62
Cursor
control
basic operation, 16
D
Dead Reckoning
menu button, 63
Default Setting
menu button, 64
Default settings
delete, 42
Define
Mode buttons, 28
Deflections
theory, 75
Delete
marker, 32
sonar images, 34
user setting, 41
Depth Dividers
description, 22
Description
display modes, 52
menus, 57
Operating panel, 55
Display
gain, adjust, 27
menu, 61
mode 270°/Vertical, 54
mode Bow up, 52
mode Bow up/180°
vertical, 53
mode Bow up/Audio, 52
mode Bow up/Dual
vertical, 52
mode Bow up/Vertical, 52
mode Dual 1, 54
mode Dual 2, 54
mode North up, 53
mode True motion, 53
mode True
motion/Vertical, 53
modes, 52
Display Gain
menu button, 62
Distance Rings
description, 20
Dual 1
mode, 54
Dual 2
mode, 54
E
Electrical noise
test, 74
External sync(hronisation)
menu button, 64
323773/C
Index
F
delete onar images, 34
delete user setting, 41
hide menu, 24
hide the menu, 13
horizontal
search program, 37
investigate marker, 31
keep sonar images, 34
load factory settings, 42
load user setting, 41
move the boundary lines, 19
position
track, 39
power off SH90, 12
power on SH90, 11
print sonar images, 35
reactivate Windows XP
license, 46
recall sonar images, 33
rename sonar images, 35
rename user setting, 41
restore from image
media, 45
restore from software
backup, 45
retrieve menu, 24
retrieve the menu, 13
save user setting, 40
select mode, 27
simplify menu, 24
sort modes, 28
store sonar images, 32
target
track, 39
tracking line, 40
track
position, 39
target, 39
tracking line
target, 40
use seine circle, 30
use the trawl symbol, 30
vertical
search program, 38
F
Radio Buoy marker, 65
Factory settings
delete, 42
Familiarization
Simrad SH90, 8
Fish alarm
menu button, 64
Full screen
menu button, 61
G
Gain
adjust, 25
display read-out, 18
menu button, 58–60
theory, 69
Gear
menu button, 63
symbol investigate, 31
symbol, delete, 32
Gear properties
change, 31
Gear symbol
add, 30
H
Horizontal
menu, 57
search
program, 37
How to
add circle marker, 29
add gear symbol, 30
add target marker, 29
add vessel symbol, 29
adjust AGC, 25
adjust display gain, 27
adjust gain, 25
adjust RCG, 26
adjust TVG, 26
backup software, 44
boot from USB, 44–45
burn sonar images on
CD, 36
change a value, 17
change gear properties, 31
check the noise, 73
control the cursor, 16
copy sonar imagesto
USB, 36
create backup file, 44
define gear properties, 31
define Mode buttons, 28
delete marker, 32
323773/C
I
Image
restore from backup, 45
Images
burn on CD, 36
copy to USB, 36
delete, 34
keep, 34
print, 35
recall, 33
rename, 35
store, 32
Information
basic, 9
Interactive reference
manual, 22
Introduction, 8
Simrad SH90, 8
Investigate
marker, 31
K
Keep
sonar images, 34
L
Language
menu button, 62
License
reactivate Windows XP
license, 46
Load
factory settings, 42
user setting, 41
M
M
Target marker, 65
Marker
Automatic Target Track, 65
Circle, 65
delete, 32
investigate, 31
Own Ship, 65
Position Track, 65
Radio Buoy, 65
Target, 65
Menu
buttons, 16
Cosmetics, 65
Display, 61
hide, 24
Horizontal, 57
main, 13
menu button, 62
Objects, 65
retrieve, 24
Setup, 63
simplify, 24
Sort modes, 66
Store/Recall, 65
structure, 15
System test, 66
tabs, 15
Vertical, 59
Vertical 180, 60
77
Simrad SH90
Menu button
AGC, 58–59, 61
Beam, 58
Bearing, 58–60
Bearing (display), 62
Colour Threshold, 62
Colours, 62
Cosmetics, 62
Dead Reckoning, 63
Default Setting, 64
Display Gain, 62
External
sync(hronisation),
64
Fish alarm, 64
Full screen, 61
Gain, 58–60
Gear, 63
Language, 62
Menu, 62
Mode buttons, 62
Movements, 63
Noise Filter, 58
Palette, 61
Panel Backlight, 62
PP Filter, 58, 60–61
Pulse Form, 58–60
Range, 58–60
RCG, 58, 60–61
Resolution, 62
School, 63
Scientific Output, 64
Sort modes, 64
Stabilizer, 63
Store/Recall, 63
Test, 63
Tilt, 58
Tip, 60
Track window, 64
TVG, 58–59, 61
TX Power, 58–59, 61
Units, 62
User setting, 64
Wind direction, 64
Wind speed, 64
Menu descriptions, 57
Minute Markers
description, 22
Mode
270°/Vertical, 54
Bow up, 52
Bow up/180° vertical, 53
Bow up/audio, 52
Bow up/Dual vertical, 52
Bow up/Vertical, 52
define buttons, 28
Dual 1, 54
Dual 2, 54
78
North up, 53
select, 27
True motion, 53
True motion/Vertical, 53
Mode buttons
menu button, 62
Modes
display, 52
sort, 28
Movements
menu button, 63
N
Noise
test, 73
theory, 71
Noise Filter
menu button, 58
North up
mode, 53
O
Objects
menu, 65
Off
procedure, 12
On
procedure, 11
On-line help
about, 22
Free mode, 22
On-line mode, 22
Operating panel
description, 55
Operating system
reactivate Windows XP
license, 46
Operation
basic, 13
Operational
modes, 52
OS
Own Ship marker, 65
Own ship
marker investigate, 31
marker, delete, 32
Own Ship
marker, 65
Own ship symbol
add, 29
P
Palette
menu button, 61
Panel Backlight
menu button, 62
Pictures
burn on CD, 36
copy to USB, 36
delete, 34
keep, 34
print, 35
recall, 33
rename, 35
store, 32
Position
display read-out, 18
track, 39
Position Track
marker, 65
Power down
procedure, 12
Power up
procedure, 11
PP Filter
menu button, 58, 60–61
theory, 68
Presentation
270°/Vertical, 54
Bow up, 52
Bow up/180° vertical, 53
Bow up/Audio, 52
Bow up/Dual vertical, 52
Bow up/Vertical, 52
Dual 1, 54
Dual 2, 54
modes, 52
North up, 53
True motion, 53
True motion/Vertical, 53
Print
sonar images, 35
Procedure
add circle marker, 29
add gear symbol, 30
add target marker, 29
add vessel symbol, 29
adjust AGC, 25
adjust display gain, 27
adjust gain, 25
adjust RCG, 26
adjust TVG, 26
boot from USB, 44–45
burn sonar images on
CD, 36
change gear properties, 31
copy sonar images to
USB, 36
create backup file, 44
define gear properties, 31
define Mode buttons, 28
delete marker, 32
delete onar images, 34
delete user setting, 41
323773/C
Index
hide menu, 24
horizontal
search program, 37
investigate marker, 31
keep sonar images, 34
load factory settings, 42
load user setting, 41
position
track, 39
power off SH90, 12
power on SH90, 11
print sonar images, 35
reactivate Windows XP
license, 46
recall sonar images, 33
rename sonar images, 35
rename user setting, 41
restore from image
media, 45
restore from software
backup, 45
retrieve menu, 24
save user setting, 40
select mode, 27
simplify menu, 24
software backup, 44
sort modes, 28
store sonar images, 32
target
track, 39
tracking line, 40
track
position, 39
target, 39
tracking line
target, 40
use seine circle, 30
use the trawl symbol, 30
vertical
search program, 38
Processor Unit
backup, 43
PT
Position Track marker, 65
Pulse form
theory, 68
Pulse Form
menu button, 58–60
Pulse length
theory, 68
Purpose
this manual, 7
R
Radio Buoy
marker, 65
Range
323773/C
display read-out, 18
menu button, 58–60
RCG
adjust, 26
menu button, 58, 60–61
theory, 70
Recall
sonar images, 33
Reference manual
interactive, 22
Rename
sonar images, 35
user setting, 41
Resolution
menu button, 62
Restore
software, 45
Reverberation
theory, 71–72
Reverberation Controlled
Gain
adjust, 26
print, 35
recall, 33
rename, 35
store, 32
Sort
modes, 28
Sort modes
menu, 66
menu button, 64
Stabilizer
menu button, 63
Store
sonar images, 32
Store/Recall
menu, 65
menu button, 63
Switch off
procedure, 12
Switch on
procedure, 11
System test
menu, 66
S
T
Salinity layers
theory, 74
Save
user setting, 40
School
menu button, 63
Scientific Output
menu button, 64
Search
program
horizontal, 37
vertical, 38
Seine circle
use, 30
Select
operational mode, 27
Setup
menu, 63
Simrad SH90
familiarization, 8
introduction, 8
Software
backup, 44
reactivate Windows XP
license, 46
restore, 45
Software backup
Processor Unit, 43
Sonar images
burn on CD, 36
copy to USB, 36
delete, 34
keep, 34
Tab, 15
Target
marker, 65
marker investigate, 31
marker, delete, 32
track, 39
tracking
line, 40
Target marker
about, 29
add, 29
Temperature layers
theory, 74
Test
menu button, 63
Theory
AGC, 68
beam width, 68
blocking, 73
cavitation, 71
deflections, 75
gain, 69
noise, 71
PP Filter, 68
pulse form, 68
pulse length, 68
RCG, 70
reverberation, 71–72
salinity layers, 74
temperature layers, 74
tilt, 70
TVG, 67
Tilt
79
Simrad SH90
display read-out, 18
menu button, 58
theory, 70
Time Varied Gain
adjust, 26
Tip
menu button, 60
Track
position, 39
target, 39
Track window
menu button, 64
Tracking
line, 40
Trawl symbol
use, 30
True motion
mode, 53
True motion/Vertical
mode, 53
TVG
adjust, 26
menu button, 58–59, 61
theory, 67
TX Power
menu button, 58–59, 61
AGC, 68
beam width, 68
blocking, 73
cavitation, 71
gain, 69
PP Filter, 68
pulse form, 68
pulse length, 68
RCG, 70
reverberation, 72
tilt, 70
TVG, 67
Wind direction
menu button, 64
Wind Marker
description, 20
Wind speed
menu button, 64
Windows XP license
reactivate, 46
X
XP license
reactivate, 46
U
Units
menu button, 62
User setting
delete, 41
load, 41
menu button, 64
rename, 41
save, 40
V
Variable Range Marker
description, 21
Vertical
menu, 59
search
program, 38
Vertical 180
menu, 60
Vertical Ring
description, 21
Vessel symbol
add, 29
VRM
description, 21
W
What is
80
323773/C
Index
323773/C
81
ISBN-13: 978-82-8066-112-8
©2010
Kongsberg Maritime AS
S im r a d
Ko n g s b e r g M a r it im e A S
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N- 3 1 9 1 H o r t e n , N o r w a y
Te le p h o n e : + 4 7 3 3 0 3 4 0 0 0
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Simrad SH90 Fish finding sonar
Installation manual
Simrad SH90 Fish finding sonar
Installation manual
Simrad SH90 Fish finding sonar
Installation manual