Murray 461000x8A Operating instructions

Read and keep this book
for future reference. This book contains
important information on SAFETY, PREPARATION,
OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE.
MODEL
461000x8A
PRODUCT INFORMATION
The owner must be certain that all
the product information is included with the unit.
This information includes
the INSTRUCTION BOOKS,
the REPLACEMENT PARTS and the WARRANTIES.
This information must be included to make sure state laws and other laws
are followed.
RECORD THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR UNIT. THIS
INFORMATION IS NECESSARY WHEN ORDERING PARTS OR IN CASE
OF LOSS OR THEFT.
BUILT IN THE
F–030718L
TABLE OF CONTENTS
WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAFETY RULES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INTERNATIONAL PICTORIALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
3
3
9
10
PARTS BAG – CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO INSTALL THE SEAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO ASSEMBLE THE STEERING WHEEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE FREE BATTERY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO PREPARE THE ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHECK THE LEVEL OF THE MOWER HOUSING . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHECK THE TIRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
11
11
12
13
13
13
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
LOCATION OF CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO USE THE THROTTLE CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO USE THE BLADE ROTATION CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO USE THE SHIFT LEVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO SET THE PARKING BRAKE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO CHANGE THE CUTTING HEIGHT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO STOP THE UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO TRANSPORT THE UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO OPERATE WITH THE MOWER HOUSING . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO OPERATE THE UNIT ON HILLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO START THE ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OPERATING TIPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MOWING AND BAGGING TIPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO CHANGE THE MULCHER PLATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
17
17
18
18
19
19
20
MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
MAINTENANCE CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO CHECK THE MUFFLER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO REMOVE AND INSTALL THE BLADE . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO SHARPEN THE BLADE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO ADJUST THE BLADE ROTATION CONTROL . . . . . . .
HOW TO CHECK AND ADJUST THE DRIVE BRAKE . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO CHECK AND ADJUST THE MOTION DRIVE BELT . .
HOW TO ADJUST THE SHIFT LEVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE FREE BATTERY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO CHARGE THE BATTERY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WHERE TO LUBRICATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO CHECK THE FUEL FILTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO REMOVE THE MOWER HOUSING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO ADJUST THE GAUGE WHEELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO LEVEL THE MOWER HOUSING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO REPLACE THE MOTION DRIVE BELT . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO REPLACE THE MOWER DRIVE BELTS . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO INSTALL THE WHEELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO REPLACE THE FUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO REPLACE THE LIGHT BULB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO CLEAN THE MOWER HOUSING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STORAGE (OVER 30 DAYS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
21
22
22
23
24
24
25
25
25
26
26
27
28
29
30
32
33
34
34
34
34
TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO ORDER REPAIR PARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SLOPE GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GARDEN TRACTOR ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35
37
58
59
60
MURRAY, INC. Two Year Limited Warranty
Murray, Inc. warrants to the original purchaser that this unit shall be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal
use and service for a period of Two (2) Years from the date of purchase; however, this warranty does not cover engines,
accessories (such as snow blowers, snow blades, grass baggers and plows), transmissions, batteries and Normal Wear Parts
(except as noted below) or transaxles as the companies that manufacture these items furnish their own warranties and provide
service through their authorized field service facilities. For additional information, see the warranties covering these particular
parts. If you are uncertain whether your unit contains or is equipped with one or more of these parts, consult your dealer prior
to purchase. Subject to the terms and conditions noted in this Limited Warranty, we shall, at our option, repair or replace at no
cost to the original purchaser any part covered by this Limited Warranty during the applicable warranty period.
In the event the battery proves defective within ninety (90) days from the date of purchase, we will replace it without charge. If
the battery proves defective after (90) days but within one hundred twenty (120) days from the date of purchase, we will replace
it for a charge of one half (1/2) of the retail price of the battery in effect at the time of return.
Normal Wear Parts are defined as belts, blades, blade adapters, pneumatic tires, headlights and seat covers. These parts are
warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship as delivered with the product. Any claim for repair or replacement
of Normal Wear Parts must be made within thirty (30) days of the date of purchase. No claims involving damage caused from
material use, abuse or misuse will be honored.
This Murray, Inc. Two (2) Year Limited Warranty is your exclusive remedy; however, this warranty is void or does not apply
to any unit that has been tampered with, altered, misused, abused or used for rental or other commercial and/or professional
(non–homeowner) uses. Your warranty does not cover minor mechanical adjustments which are not due to any defect in material
or workmanship. For assistance in making such adjustments, consult your Instruction Book.
To make a claim under this Murray, Inc. Two (2) Year Limited Warranty, return the unit (or if authorized in advance, the defective
part) along with your proof of purchase to an Authorized Service Center near you. To locate the nearest Authorized Service
Center, call the Central Parts Distributor for your area shown in the list provided with your unit or check the Yellow Page listings
in your local telephone directory. If you return the entire unit, we will repair the unit. If we authorize the return of the defective
part only, we will either replace or repair the part. In the case of a defect in a transmission or differential (as distinguished from
a transaxle), the entire transmission or differential must be returned since they do not include user serviceable parts.
This Murray, Inc. Two (2) Year Limited Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary
from state to state. This Limited Warranty is given in lieu of all other expressed and implied warranties including the
implied warranty of merchantability and warranty of fitness for a particular purpose. If you need additional information
on this written warranty or assistance in obtaining service, write or call: MURRAY, INC., Outdoor Power Equipment, Customer
Service Department, P.O. Box 268, Brentwood, Tennessee 37027. (1–800–251–8007)
F–030718L
2
OWNER’S INFORMATION
This instruction book is for several different models. The instructions
are written for a person with some mechanical ability. Like most service books, not all the steps are described. Steps on how to loosen or
tighten fasteners are steps anyone can follow with some mechanical
ability. Read and follow these instructions before you use the unit.
Know your product: If you understand the unit and how the unit operates, you will get the best performance. As you read this manual, compare the illustrations to the unit. Learn the location and the function of
the controls. To help prevent an accident, follow the operating instructions and the safety rules. Keep this manual for future reference.
IMPORTANT: Many units are not assembled and are sold in cartons. It is the responsibility of the owner to make sure the assembly
instructions in this manual are exactly followed. Other units are purchased in an assembled condition. On assembled units, it is the responsibility of the owner to make sure the unit is correctly
assembled. The owner must carefully check the unit according to
the instructions in this manual before it is first used.
Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and
certain vehicle components contain or emit
chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
harm. WASH HANDS AFTER HANDLING.
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER
The responsibility of the owner is to follow the instructions below.
Environmental Awareness
1.
2.
3.
4.
D
Do not fill the engine’s fuel tank completely full.
D
Drain fuel for off–season storage.
D
Use only unleaded gasoline.
D
Service the air cleaner regularly.
D
Change oil regularly. Use 10W–30 oil in summer.
D
Tune–up the engine regularly.
D
Keep equipment in efficient operating condition.
D
Dispose of used engine oil properly.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Carefully read and follow the rules for safe operation.
Follow all the assembly instructions.
Inspect the unit.
Make sure that the operator of the unit knows how to correctly
use all standard and accessory equipment.
Operate the unit only with guards, shields, and other safety
items in place and working correctly.
Correctly adjust the unit.
Service the unit only with authorized or approved replacement
parts.
Complete all maintenance on the unit.
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Ride–on Mowers
WARNING: This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the
following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
I. General operation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Read, understand and follow all instructions in the Instruction Book, on the machine, the engine and with any attachments before
starting.
Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the instructions, to operate the machine.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the blade.
Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop the machine if anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Turn off power to the blades or any attachments before backing up. Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look
down and behind before and while backing.
Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass bagger
or the mower guard in place.
Slow down before turning.
Never leave a machine unattended with the engine running. Always turn off the blade(s), set the parking brake, stop the engine and
remove the key before dismounting.
Turn off power to attachment(s) when transporting or not in use. Turn off the blade(s) when not mowing.
Stop the engine before removing the grass bagger or unclogging the chute.
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
Do not operate the machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs or when very tired.
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.
Use extra caution when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck.
Disengage all attachment clutches and shift into Neutral before attempting to start the engine.
Always wear goggles, safety glasses, or an eye shield when you operate the unit to protect your eyes from foreign objects that can be
thrown from the unit. Always wear eye protection when you make an adjustment or repair to the machine.
Use care when pulling loads or using heavy equipment.
a. Use only approved drawbar hitch points.
F–030718L
3
OWNER’S INFORMATION
b. Limit loads to those you can safely control.
c. Do not turn sharply. Use care when backing.
d. Use counterweights or wheel weights when suggested in the Instruction Book.
19. Do not operate this machine if you are taking drugs or other medication which can cause drowsiness or affect your ability to operate
this machine.
20. Do not use this machine if you are mentally or physically unable to operate this machine safely.
21. Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above, are involved in a large percentage of riding mower related injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to operate a riding mower safely enough to protect themselves and others from serious injury.
II. Slope operation
Slopes and rough terrain are major factors related to loss–of–control and tip–over accidents, which can result in severe injury
or death. ALL slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on the slope, do not mow it. See
the “Slope Guide” in the back of this book to check for safe operation.
DO
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Mow up and down slopes, not across.
Remove obstacles such as rocks, limbs, etc...
Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
Use slow speed. Choose a low enough gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.
Use extra care with grass baggers or other attachments, they can change the stability of the machine.
Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, turn off the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.
DO NOT
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Do not turn on slopes unless absolutely necessary, then only turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
Do not mow drop–offs, ditches or embankments. A wheel over the edge or an edge caving in could cause a sudden overturn and an
injury or death.
Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause sliding.
Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground.
Do not use a grass bagger or other rear mounted accessories on steep slopes (greater than 10 degrees).
III. Children
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children. Children are often attracted to the machine and
the mowing activity. NEVER assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
1. Keep children out of the mowing area and in the watchful care of another responsible adult.
2. Be alert and turn the engine off if children enter the area.
3. Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.
4. Never carry children or any passengers, even with the blades off. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with the safe
operation of the machine.
5. Never allow children to operate the machine. Instruct children in the potential dangers of the machine.
6. Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees or other objects that may obscure vision.
IV. Service
1.
Use extra care when handling gasoline and other fuels. Fuels are flammable and the vapors are explosive.
a. Use only an approved container.
b. Never remove the gas cap or add fuel with the engine running. Allow the engine to cool for several minutes before refueling. Do
not smoke.
c. Never refuel the machine indoors.
d. Never store the machine with fuel in the tank or fuel container inside where there is an open flame, such as a water heater.
2. Never start or run the engine inside a closed area.
3. Keep all nuts and bolts, especially the blade attachment nuts tight. Frequently check the blade(s) for wear or damage such as cracks
and nicks. A blade that is bent or damaged must be immediately replaced with an original equipment blade from an authorized service
dealer. For safety, replace the blade every two years. Keep the equipment in good condition.
4. Never tamper with the safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly.
5. To reduce fire hazards, keep the machine free of grass, leaves or other debris build–up. Clean up oil or fuel spills. Allow the machine
to cool before storing.
6. Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
7. Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running. The carburetor can be adjusted with the engine running. Do not change
the engine governor settings or over–speed the engine.
8. Grass bagger components are subject to wear, damage and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be
thrown. For storage, always make sure the grass bag is empty. Frequently check components and replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts when necessary.
9. Mower blade(s) are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves and use extra caution when servicing them or the blade housing
area.
10. Check the brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.
11. Wait for all movement to stop before servicing any part of the unit.
Look for this symbol to indicate important safety
precautions. This symbol indicates: “Attention!
Become Alert! Your Safety Is At Risk.”
F–030718L
4
SAFE MOWING GUIDE
Each person that operates power
equipment must learn to use correct and
safe mowing procedures. To help you
learn, carefully read the following
pages. Most of the time the operator was
not correctly shown or did not read the
instructions on the unit or in the Instruction
Book before using the unit. Also, some
operators do not have enough experience.
The result is unsafe use, endangering the
operator, bystanders and the equipment.
Another result can be a poor appearance
of the area mowed.
Read this book. Read the instructions on
the unit. Operate the mower according to
the Safe Mowing Guide. Follow all safety
rules, cautions or warnings in this book
and on the unit. Make sure anyone that
uses the unit reads the instructions and is
told how to safely operate the mower.
controls and how they work. In an
emergency, how fast you can stop the
blade is important. Learn how to control
the mower at all times.
Many engines are started by hand. When
you use a pull start or rope start, place
your feet apart and away from the blade(s).
Hold the rope handle tight. Never wrap the
rope around your arm or fingers for a
“better grip”. To start the engine, follow the
instructions on the mower, in this book and
in the engine operating instructions.
For electric start engines, sit in the seat to
start the engine. The battery can be
dangerous. Follow the instructions on the
battery, the acid container, and in this book
when working with the battery. Even small
batteries have enough voltage to cause an
injury. Always be careful.
The mower is designed to be operated by
one person. Never let another person ride
with you on the unit or on any accessories.
A passenger will make the unit harder to
control, block the visibility or distract the
operator and is dangerous to the operator,
the passenger and the equipment. Without
a passenger seat, the passenger can fall
from the mower or contact dangerous
parts. A mower is not a toy for showing off
or for giving rides.
The mower will give you good service and
durability, if operated in normal conditions.
If the mower is not correctly serviced or is
used where the terrain is rough or
unsuitable, product performance and
safety will be decreased.
Correct clothing is an important part of safe
mowing. Safety glasses will protect the
eyes from objects discharged by the
mower. Safety shoes with steel plates can
protect a foot from injury by the blade. For
protection from objects discharged from
the mower, wear clothing that will cover the
arms and legs.
Before you start cutting the grass, practice
using the mower in a large open and level
area. Learn the location of the controls on
the mower. Know the purpose of the
F–030718L
Never cut a wet lawn. Wet grass can
cause an accident, affect mower
performance and can cause problems with
future lawn growth and appearance. Wet
grass is slippery and can cause the mower
to slip. Someone can get injured by
touching the blade(s). Wet grass tends to
clog the mower, causing poor discharge.
Cut wet grass will collect on the lawn,
retarding the growth of the grass. Also,
getting the mower wet will cause parts to
rust and decrease the life of the unit.
When you look over the lawn, remember
obstacles that cannot be removed, like
pipes, stumps or rocks. Keep away from
these obstacles that can cause damage to
the mower or injury to the operator or a
person near the mower. Clear the area of
rocks, toys, wire or other loose objects.
These items can damage the mower or
can be discharged by the mower blade.
5
The blade of a power mower rotates very
fast. It can discharge rocks and other
objects over a long distance which can be
dangerous. The force of the objects can
break windows, cause injuries or even put
an eye out. Most of the time the injury is to
a person, like a child. Keep every person
completely away from the area to be
mowed. Make sure the grass is not
discharged toward anyone. Planning your
mowing pattern has a double advantage. It
can decrease the possibility of an injury
and make the clean up after mowing
easier.
Check the terrain of the area to be mowed.
Mow in a pattern that will keep you away
from dangerous areas. Check the distance
you need to stop and the distance
available to turn. Slopes and rough terrain
must be mowed carefully and some areas
must not be mowed at all. With riding
mowers, mow up and down the hill. When
you must mow rough terrain or on slopes,
never change directions or change gears
and stop in these areas only in an
emergency. Before you ride up or down a
slope, try to back straight up the slope. Do
not ride up or down a slope that is too
steep to back straight up. See the “Guide”
in the back of this Instruction Book to
check any slopes.
Before you start cutting, make sure the
mower was completely assembled
according to the Instruction Book. If the
SAFE MOWING GUIDE
mower was completely assembled at the
store, you must still check the mower
according to the assembly instructions.
Make sure the mower is correctly
assembled and that all fasteners are tight.
Make sure the engine has the correct
amount of oil. Check these items often
during the life of the mower.
Your mower has a gasoline engine.
Gasoline is a dangerous fuel. Keep
gasoline only in an approved safety
gasoline container. Do not keep large
amounts of gasoline. When you add
gasoline to the fuel tank, do not smoke.
Store the gasoline container and the
mower in an area that has good ventilation.
Also, keep the gasoline away from any
flames like the pilot light of a furnace or
any other source of ignition. If the mower is
to be stored for more than a few weeks,
remove the gasoline from the fuel tank.
When inside an enclosure, do not add
gasoline to the fuel tank. Before you add
gasoline, move the mower outside and add
gasoline carefully. Before you start the
engine, remove any gasoline from the
outside of the fuel tank or from the mower.
Warm gasoline will expand. Leave some
space in the fuel tank for the gasoline to
expand. Also, the fuel cap has a vent hole
for fuel vapors. Always use the correct fuel
cap. Failure to follow safety rules about
gasoline will cause fires and explosions,
injury to you and damage to the equipment
and other property.
of the mower. Stop the engine. Let the
engine and transmission cool before
servicing the mower. Remember, exhaust
fumes are dangerous. Never operate the
engine inside a building.
When you get a new mower, it can be a
new experience for the family. Tell each
person how a mower can be dangerous.
Remember, a mower is not a toy. A mower
is not to be used by children or anyone not
old enough, strong enough or that does not
have experience.
If the mower is not correctly assembled,
not operated correctly, or not regularly
serviced, the mower can be dangerous.
The most important rule to follow is always
use good judgement and common sense.
Mow safely and carefully.
Your mower will easily cut thick grass.
Fingers, feet and other parts can also be
cut by the blade. Injuries occur when the
operator does not think and reaches into
the chute opening. Always operate the
mower as if the blade is rotating. Do not
service or make an adjustment, except to
the carburetor, while the engine is running.
Use only accessories that are factory
approved for your mower. The wrong
accessory can decrease the safety of the
mower and can even damage the unit.
Read and follow the instructions included
with the accessory and the mower.
If you add gasoline to an engine that is
running or hot, the result can be an
explosion. Before you add gasoline, stop
the engine and let the engine cool for
several minutes. Remove dry grass and
other debris from the mower. Keep the
mower clean to improve the performance,
help the engine and transmission run
cooler, extend the life of moving parts, and
decrease the danger of a fire.
Use only original equipment or
replacement parts that are factory
approved for service. If you need service,
select an Authorized Service Center for
your mower. If you do the work on the unit,
follow the instructions in the Instruction
Book.
Before you leave the mower, stop the
engine. Remove the key. Disengage and
lower any attachment. Set the parking
brake. Never mount or dismount from the
seat while the engine is running. An
accident can occur if you touch the brake,
shift lever, throttle, clutch or blade control
while the engine is running. Mount and
dismount from the seat on the side of the
unit that is marked ENTER–EXIT.
Make sure you are in good condition when
you mow. When you mow for several hours
your reflexes will decrease and your mind
will not be as alert. Take a short break or
an accident can occur. If the temperature is
hot, use caution to prevent dehydration. If
you are tired, angry or not completely alert,
do not operate the mower. If you use
alcohol, medication or drugs, do not use
the mower or any type of power
equipment.
Engine speed is a key to safe mowing and
to a good looking lawn. The maximum
speed of the engine was set at the factory.
Do not change the setting of the engine
governor.
Select the maximum engine and ground
speed that is right for the terrain and the
height of the grass. The blade cuts best
when the engine is operating at maximum
speed. The engine and transmission will
also run cooler at maximum engine speed.
Fires and explosions are not the only
dangers when working around a mower.
The engine, transmission, and the muffler
will get hot in several minutes when the
engine is running. Do not touch these parts
F–030718L
When you mow, remember that children
are attracted to the mower. Always use
caution when mowing around obstacles
like trees or shrubs or when moving
backward. Only mow in a forward direction
if possible. Your visibility is decreased
when you mow backward. Also, the blades
are made to cut while the unit is moving
forward. If you mow backward, the cutting
performance decreases.
6
SAFE MOWING GUIDE
Also, the grass bagger will function better
when the engine is operating at maximum
speed. On slopes, decrease the ground
speed and use care making sure the
mower feels safe to operate.
feel new or excessive vibration,
immediately stop the engine and check for
the problem. Vibration can be a warning of
a problem. Keep all nuts, bolts and screws
tight.
If the weather conditions are bad, do not
mow. If weather conditions become bad,
stop cutting and finish later. It is dangerous
to cut grass in the rain. Always find
protection in an electrical storm. If the
weather conditions are extra dry, protect
your eyes with safety glasses from the dust
and from the objects discharged by the
mower. Also, a dust or a pollen mask can
help.
The blade is the most dangerous part of
the mower. Frequently check the blade and
the blade mounting fasteners. Keep the
fasteners tight. If the blade hits a solid
object, stop the engine. Remove the wire
from the spark plug. Check for a blade that
is bent, cracked or for other damages.
Before you start the engine, replace a
damaged blade(s). For safety, replace the
blade every two years.
Your mower is equipped with a number of
safety devices which are important to the
safety of the operator and bystanders and
must never be changed or removed from
the mower. If a safety device is lost,
damaged or no longer functions, repair or
replace the device before you operate the
mower.
It is best to mow during the day. If you
must mow at night, make sure there is
enough light for safe operation.
Your mower will require regular
maintenance and service. The
maintenance schedule depends on the
hours of use. Also, mowing conditions can
change the schedule. Check the
Instruction Book for more information.
Correct maintenance will help the mower
function safely.
Do not service the
mower (except for the
carburetor adjustment)
while the engine is
running. Before you
service the unit, even
with the engine stopped,
always disconnect the
wire from the spark plug
to prevent the engine
from starting.
If you hit a large object during operation,
stop the engine. Remove the wire from the
spark plug. Carefully inspect the mower for
damage. Before you start the engine
again, make the necessary repairs. If you
F–030718L
A sharp blade decreases the workload on
the engine and more evenly cuts grass.
Frequently sharpen the blade for a better
looking cut. Use the left side of the mower
housing to trim near an object.
A grass bagger is a good accessory for
your mower. For best performance and
safety, make sure the grass bagger is
approved for use with your mower. Follow
the assembly and operation instructions
included with the grass bagger.
Some grass baggers require a special
blade for best performance. Before you
attach, check, or empty the grass bagger,
always stop the engine. Before each use of
the grass bagger, check for cracks, wear or
deterioration. Before you use the grass
bagger, replace a damaged part with a
replacement part approved by the factory.
For you to have a good green lawn, follow
the mowing procedures below. Do not cut
the grass too short. If you cut the grass too
short you can cause the grass to become
yellow or make the lawn look brown. Use a
lower height of cut in cool months when
the grass is thicker. Raise the height of cut
in hot dry periods. If you cut the grass with
7
a blade that is not sharp or at a slow
engine speed you can damage the grass.
Move the throttle control to the FAST
position when mowing and using the grass
bagger. Also, use a slower ground speed
when using the grass bagger.
If you change the direction or pattern of cut
slightly every time you mow will make the
grass grow stronger and thicker. Do not
add oil or gasoline to the mower while on
the lawn. Spilled oil or gasoline can kill the
grass. In high or thick grass, do not try to
cut all the grass the first time. Raise the
height of cut on the first cutting and lower
the height for the next cutting. Another way
is to cut only part of the width of the mower
and decrease your ground speed (not the
engine) to move more slowly so that the
mower can discharge the grass as it
moves forward.
Understand the controls and how they
work. Learn the ground speed(s) of your
mower. Check the stopping distance
required at different travel speeds. Check
the turning radius of the mower. The
controls on your riding mower are different
from an automobile. The throttle is
operated by hand and holds the engine
speed constant until it is changed. The
location of the shift lever and the shift
pattern is different from that of an
automobile. Also, the brake and clutch
systems are different. Remember the
procedures to follow in an emergency.
Remember, turning off the engine ignition
switch will stop the blade and the drive
mechanism. If the traction of the wheels is
lost or does not feel safe, disengage all
systems and stop the engine. Dismount
from the mower. Push the unit to a safe
place before you begin mowing again.
Your unit has an electrical system that
includes an operator presence switch in
the seat. The operator presence switch
detects if the operator is sitting on the seat.
The engine will stop if the operator leaves
the seat when the blade engagement
control is engaged. This operator presence
switch is a safety device only. It must not
regularly be used to stop the engine or the
blade. There are other control systems on
the mower for this purpose. Always keep
the operator presence switch and other
safety devices and controls in place and
operating for your protection.
Remember, your mower is a tool that can
be dangerous if it is not correctly used.
Follow the instructions in this Instruction
Book. Safe and careful use of the mower
will give you many safe hours of problem
free use.
STEPS TO FOLLOW
BEFORE MOWING
F Be sure to dress correctly. Wear hard shoes, not sandals or tennis shoes.
F Examine the blade. A blade that is bent, cracked, or damaged must be replaced with a factory replacement blade.
F Fill the fuel tank outside. Clean off spilled fuel.
F Read and follow the Owner’s Manual, the instructions with the engine, and the instructions with any attachments. Owner’s Manual
instructions are for your safety and the safety of others.
F Exhaust fumes are dangerous. Start the engine outside.
F Make sure all safety devices are in place and working correctly.
F Operation of the mower is only for a person that has experience.
F Wet grass can be dangerous. Let the grass dry.
F Instruct children and others to keep away from the work area.
F Never cut the grass without good light.
F Pick up loose objects. Remove them from the mowing area.
WHILE MOWING
F Watch for fixed objects and avoid them. They can damage the mower or cause injury.
F A hot engine, muffler, and transmission will cause a burn. Do not touch.
F Inclines and slopes must be carefully mowed. See the “Guide” in the back of this book to check a slope.
F Lack of daylight or good artificial light is cause to stop mowing.
F Examine the mower, the blade, and other parts for damage after hitting a foreign object or if the unit vibrates excessively.
F Do not make adjustments or repairs without stopping the engine. Disconnect the spark plug wire.
F On or near roads, watch out for traffic. Direct discharge away from roads.
F When mowing, avoid areas where traction is unsure. Look back before changing direction of travel.
F In heavy grass, raise the cutting height. Cut slower. Stop the engine to remove clogged grass from the mower.
F Never remove any safety related parts.
F Do not pour gasoline into a engine that is hot or running.
AFTER MOWING
F Always let the mower cool before storing in an enclosed area.
F Foreign material on the mower is dangerous. Clean off grass, leaves, grease and oil before storing.
F Tighten all loose nuts, bolts and screws before you use the unit.
F Empty and clean any grass catcher or other accessory.
F Remove the key or disconnect the spark plug wire to prevent unauthorized use.
F Make sure the mower is not kept near a source of ignition. Gas fumes can cause an explosion.
F Only original parts or factory approved substitutes can be used to service the mower.
F When storing the mower for an extended period, remove the fuel from the fuel tank.
F Instruct children to leave the mower alone. It is not a toy.
F Never keep gasoline near a source of ignition. Always use an approved container. Keep gasoline away from children.
F Lubricate according to the Instruction Book. See “Lubrication”.
IMPORTANT––Read the Instruction Book. Keep this book for future use and reference.
WARNING: Look for this symbol to point out important
safety precautions. It means: “Attention! Become Alert!
Your Safety Is Involved.”
F–030718L
8
INTERNATIONAL PICTORIALS
INTERNATIONAL PICTORIALS
IMPORTANT: Some of the following pictorials are located on your unit or on
literature supplied with the product. Before you operate the unit, learn and understand the purpose for each pictorial.
Safety Warning Pictorials
1
2
3
4
Warning
Shield Eyes. Explosive Gases Can
Cause Blindness Or Injury.
No Sparks, Flames or Smoking.
Sulphuric Acid Can Cause Blindness
Or Severe Burns
5
Flush Eyes Immediately With Water.
Get Medical Help Fast.
6
IMPORTANT: Read Owner’s Manual
Before Operating This Machine.
7
WARNING: Thrown Objects. Keep
Bystanders Away. Read User
Instructions Before Operating This
Machine.
8
WARNING: Do Not Use This Machine
On Slopes Greater Than 15 Degrees.
9
DANGER: Keep People, Especially
Children, Away From Unit.
10 DANGER: No Step.
11 DANGER: Keep Feet And Hands
Away From Rotating Blade.
12 DANGER: Keep Hands Away From
Rotating Blade.
13 DANGER: Disconnect Spark Plug
Wire Before Servicing Unit.
14 WARNING: Hot Surface.
15 WARNING: Use Caution When
Connecting Or Disconnecting
Accessories.
16 WARNING: Crushed Fingers.
1
1
3
2
4
MAX + 90N
12
14
13
6
11
10
9
8
7
5
MAX + 150N
16
15
Control And Operating Pictorials
6
Brake
11 Choke
1
2
3
4
5
7
Parking Brake
12 Oil
8
Clutch
13 Blade Rotation Control
9
Slow
14 Raise
Engine Start
Lights
Engine Stop
Engine Stop
Engine Run
10 Fast
15 Fuel
2
1
2
3
10
11
12
F–030718L
4
6
5
14
13
9
7
15
8
9
ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
WARNING: Before doing any assembly or maintenance to the mower, remove the wire from the spark
plug.
Read and follow the assembly and adjustment instructions for your
mower. All fasteners are in the parts bag. Do not discard any parts
or material until the unit is assembled.
NOTE: In this instruction book, left and right describe the location of a part with the operator on the seat.
PARTS BAG – CONTENTS
The fasteners and other loose parts are shown below. The fasteners are shown full size. The quantity is shown in brackets ( ).
2x82
(2) Carriage Bolt
14x79
(2) Wing Nut
1001054
(2) Knob
F–030718L
25x3
(1) Bolt
17x146
(1) Washer
17x47
(2) Washer
10
ASSEMBLY
3.
HOW TO INSTALL THE SEAT
1. Carefully remove the plastic bag from the seat.
Use the fasteners shown below to install the seat. The fasteners are
shown at full size.
Check the operating position of the seat. If the seat needs to
be adjusted, loosen the two wing bolts. Slide the seat forward
or backward along the seat adjusting holes as shown. Tighten
the wing bolts (A).
Seat
Seat Hinge
Seat
Adjusting Hole
(A)
1001054
B
(B)
17x47
A
NOTE: Fasteners may be attached to seat for shipping
purposes, if so remove fasteners before proceeding.
2. Align the holes in the seat hinge to the holes in the seat
(Figure 1). Fasten the seat to the seat hinge with the fasteners
as shown.
Figure 1
HOW TO ASSEMBLE THE STEERING WHEEL
Hub Cover
Attach the steering wheel as follows:
A
C
(A)
25x3
Steering Wheel
(C)
17x146
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Make sure the front wheels point forward.
Slide the cover over the steering post (Figure 2).
Slide the steering wheel onto the steering post.
Use the fasteners shown above to secure the steering wheel.
The fasteners are shown at full size. Tighten the screw. DO
NOT over tighten.
Remove adhesive backing from hub cover (found in parts bag)
and place hub cover over hub.
F–030718L
Cover
Steering Post
11
Figure 2
ASSEMBLY
MAINTENANCE FREE BATTERY
3.
IMPORTANT: Before you attach the battery cables to the
battery, check the battery date. The battery date tells if the
battery must be charged.
Use a 12 volt battery charger to charge the battery. Charge at
a rate of 6 amperes for one hour. If you do not have a battery
charger, have an authorized service center charge the battery.
4.
Install the battery and battery tray. Make sure the positive (+)
terminal is on the left side.
1.
Check the top of the battery for the location of the battery date
(Figure 3).
2.
If the battery is put into service before the battery date, the
battery cables can be attached without charging the battery.
See “How To Install The Battery Cables”.
3.
If the battery is put into service after the battery date, the
battery must be charged. See “How To Charge The
Maintenance Free Battery”.
HOW TO INSTALL THE BATTERY CABLES
WARNING: To prevent sparks, fasten the red cable to
the positive (+) terminal before you connect the black
cable.
Use the fasteners shown below to install the battery cables. The
fasteners are shown at full size.
HOW TO CHARGE
THE MAINTENANCE FREE BATTERY
(A)
2x82
WARNING: When you charge the battery, do not
smoke. Keep the battery away from any sparks. The
fumes from the battery acid can cause an explosion.
1.
Remove the battery and battery tray.
2.
Remove the protective caps from the battery terminals.
(B)
14x79
1.
Remove the protective caps from the battery terminals.
2.
Fasten the red cable to the positive (+) terminal with the
fasteners as shown (Figure 3).
3.
Fasten the black cable to the negative (–) terminal with the
fasteners as shown.
Positive (+)
Terminal
B
Red Cable
A
Battery
Black Cable
Battery Tray
A
F–030718L
Figure 3
12
ASSEMBLY
IMPORTANT! BEFORE YOU START MOWING
- Check the engine oil.
WARNING: Before doing any assembly or maintenance to the mower, remove the wire from the spark
plug.
- Fill the fuel tank with gasoline.
- Check the level of the mower housing.
- Check the air pressure of the tires.
NOTE: In this instruction book, left and right describe the location of a part with the operator on the seat.
- Make sure the battery cables are attached.
IMPORTANT: This unit is equipped with an internal combustion
engine and must not be used on or near any unimproved
forest–covered, brush–covered or grass–covered land unless
the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester
meeting applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark
arrester is used, it must be maintained in effective working
order by the operator.
HOW TO PREPARE THE ENGINE
NOTE: The engine was shipped from the factory filled with oil.
Check the level of the oil. Add oil as needed.
See the engine manufacturer’s instructions for the type of gasoline
and oil to use. Before you use the unit, read the information on
safety, operation, maintenance, and storage.
WARNING: Follow the engine manufacturer’s
instructions for the type of gasoline and oil to use.
Always use a safety gasoline container. Do not
smoke when adding gasoline to the engine. When
inside an enclosure, do not fill with gasoline. Before
you add gasoline, stop the engine. Let the engine
cool for several minutes.
NOTE: Engine horsepower ratings may vary by engine
adjustments, manufacturing variances, altitude, atmospheric
conditions, fuel and maintenance.
In the State of California the above is required by law (Section
4442 of the California Public Resources Code). Other states
may have similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands.
See an Authorized Service Center for a spark arrester for the
muffler.
In some areas, local law requires the use of a resistor spark
plug to control the ignition signals. See an Authorized Service
Center for a resistor spark plug for the engine.
CHECK THE LEVEL OF THE MOWER HOUSING
Make sure the level of cut is still correct. After you mow a short
distance, look at the area that was cut. If the mower housing does
not cut level, see the instructions on “How To Level The Mower
Housing” in the Maintenance section of this instruction book.
CHECK THE TIRES
Check the air pressure in the tires. Tires with too much air pressure
will cause the unit to ride rough. Also, the wrong air pressure will
keep the mower housing from cutting level. The correct air pressure
(PSI) is 14 PSI (1 BAR). The tires were over inflated for shipment.
F–030718L
13
OPERATION
Throttle Control
Lever
Blade Rotation
Control
Clutch / Brake
Pedal
Shift Lever
Lift
Lever
Figure 4
LOCATION OF CONTROLS
BLADE ROTATION CONTROL: Use the blade rotation
SHIFT LEVER: Use the shift lever to change the speed of the
control to start and stop the rotation of the blades.
unit.
CLUTCH / BRAKE PEDAL: The pedal has two functions.
LIFT LEVER: Use the lift lever to change the height of cut.
The first function is a clutch. The second function is a brake.
HEADLIGHT SWITCH: The headlight switch is the first part
of the ignition switch. To use the lights with the engine running, turn
the key to the position for the lights.
PARKING BRAKE LEVER: Use the parking brake lever
to engage the brake when you leave the unit.
IGNITION SWITCH:
THROTTLE CONTROL LEVER: Use the throttle control
Use the ignition switch to start and stop
the engine.
F–030718L
lever to increase or decrease the speed of the engine.
14
OPERATION
ATTACHMENTS
Disengage
Position
This unit can use many different attachments. See the attachment
page in this book. This unit can pull attachments like a lawn
sweeper, a lawn aerator, a hopper spreader or a small trailer.
For all pull–behind attachments or trailers, the maximum gross
weight is 300 pounds. Gross weight is the weight of the attachment
or trailer and any load that might be on or in it.
Blade Rotation Control
Engage Position
Do not operate on a slope that is greater than 10 degrees when
using a pull–behind attachment or trailer. We have included a slope
guide in this book to help you determine the slope on which you will
be operating your unit. Never allow someone to stand or ride on or
in an attachment or trailer.
HOW TO USE THE THROTTLE CONTROL
Figure 5
Use the throttle control to increase or decrease the speed of the
engine.
1.
2.
2.
The FAST position is marked with a detent. For normal operation and when using a grass bagger, move the throttle control
to the FAST position. For maximum charging of the battery and
for a cooler running engine, operate the engine in the FAST
position.
3.
The engine governor is set at the factory for maximum performance. Do not adjust the governor to increase the speed of the
engine.
Move the blade rotation control to the DISENGAGE position
to stop the blade(s). Before you leave the operator’s position,
make sure the blade(s) has stopped rotating.
4.
Before you ride the unit across a sidewalk or a road, move the
blade rotation control to the DISENGAGE position.
NOTE: If the engine stops when you engage the blade(s),
the seat switch is not activated. Make sure you sit in the
middle of the seat.
HOW TO USE THE BLADE ROTATION CONTROL
WARNING: Always keep your hands and feet away
from the blade, deflector opening, and the mower
housing when the engine runs.
Use the blade rotation control to engage the blade(s) (Figure 5).
1.
Before you start the engine, make sure the blade rotation control is in the DISENGAGE position.
HOW TO USE THE SHIFT LEVER
FUNCTION
To change the forward speed or the direction of the unit, follow the
steps below.
CAUTION: Before you move the shift lever, completely push
the clutch/brake pedal forward to stop the unit. If the unit is not
stopped, the gearbox can be damaged.
1.
Move the throttle control lever to the SLOW position.
3.
To go forward, move the shift lever to a forward speed setting.
To go backward, move the shift lever to reverse.
5.
SHIFT LEVER
5 Speeds
THROTTLE
Trimming
Snow Thrower
1
Bagging Grass
1 or 2
Mulching Grass
1 or 2
CHOKE
Normal Mowing
2 or 3
FAST
Easy Mowing
Snow Blade
3 or 4
FAST
Completely push the clutch/brake pedal forward to stop the
unit. Keep your foot on the pedal.
2.
4.
Move the blade rotation control to the ENGAGE position to
rotate the blade(s).
Slowly release the clutch/brake pedal. Do not keep your foot on
the pedal.
SLOW
Transport
5
Attachments
*
THROTTLE
Move the throttle control to the FAST position.
* See the Instruction Book for the Attachment.
F–030718L
15
OPERATION
HOW TO SET THE PARKING BRAKE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Completely push the clutch/brake pedal forward.
Lift the parking brake lever (Figure 6).
Remove your foot from the clutch/brake pedal and then release
the parking brake lever. Make sure the parking brake will hold
the unit.
To release the parking brake, completely push the clutch/brake
pedal forward. The parking brake will automatically release.
WARNING: Before you leave the operator’s position,
move the shift lever to the neutral (N) position. Set the
parking brake. Move the blade rotation control to the
DISENGAGE position. Stop the engine and remove
the ignition key.
Parking
Brake
Figure 6
HOW TO CHANGE THE CUTTING HEIGHT
Lift Lever
To change the cutting height, raise or lower the lift lever as follows.
1.
2.
Move the lift lever forward to lower the mower housing and
back to raise the mower housing (Figure 7).
When you ride on a sidewalk or road, move the lift lever to the
highest position and move the blade rotation control to the
DISENGAGE position.
Figure 7
HOW TO STOP THE UNIT
1.
Completely push the clutch/brake pedal forward to stop the
unit. Keep your foot on the pedal.
2.
Move the blade rotation control to the DISENGAGE position.
3.
Move the shift lever to the NEUTRAL position.
4.
Set the parking brake.
WARNING: Make sure the parking brake will hold the
unit.
5.
6.
Move the throttle control to the SLOW position.
To stop the engine, turn the ignition key to the OFF position. Remove the key.
3.
Move the throttle control to a position between SLOW and
FAST.
4.
To go faster, move the shift lever to a faster speed.
HOW TO TRANSPORT THE UNIT
To transport the unit, follow the steps below.
1. Move the blade rotation control to the DISENGAGE position
2. Raise the lift lever to the highest position.
F–030718L
16
OPERATION
HOW TO OPERATE WITH THE MOWER HOUSING
WARNING: The deflector is a safety device. Do not remove the deflector. The deflector forces the discharged material toward the ground. Always keep the
deflector in the down position. If the deflector is damaged, replace the deflector with an original equipment
part from an authorized service center.
1.
Start the engine.
2.
Move the lift lever to a height of cut position.
6.
NOTE: When you mow in heavy grass or mow with a
bagger, put the shift lever in the slowest speed.
IMPORTANT: In high or thick grass, cut the grass in the
highest position first and then lower the mower housing to
a lower position.
3.
Move the throttle control to the SLOW position.
4.
Move the blade rotation control to the ENGAGE position.
5.
Push the clutch/brake pedal completely forward.
Move the shift lever to one of the speed settings.
7.
Slowly release the clutch/brake pedal.
8.
Move the throttle control to the FAST position. If you need to go
faster or slower, stop the unit and move the shift lever to another
speed setting.
9.
Make sure the level of cut is still correct. After you mow a short
distance, look at the area that was cut. If the mower housing
does not cut level, see the instructions on “How To Level The
Mower Housing” in the Maintenance section.
WARNING: For better control of the unit, always
select a safe speed.
HOW TO OPERATE THE UNIT ON HILLS
WARNING: Do not ride up or down slopes that are too
steep to back straight up. Never ride the unit across
a slope. See the “Slope Guide” in the back of this
book for information on how to check slopes.
1.
2.
Before you ride up or down a hill, move the shift lever to the
slowest speed.
Do not stop or change speed settings on a hill. If you must stop,
quickly push the clutch/brake pedal forward and set the parking
brake.
F–030718L
17
3.
To start again, make sure the shift lever is in the slowest speed.
Move the throttle control to the SLOW position. Slowly release
the pedal.
4.
If you must stop or start on a hill, always have enough space
for the unit to roll when you release the brake and engage the
clutch.
5.
Be very careful when you change directions on a hill. When on
a slope or in a turn on a hill, move the throttle control to the
SLOW position to help prevent an accident.
OPERATION
CAUTION: A mixture of alcohol (ethanol or methanol) and
gasoline (called gasohol), will attract moisture and cause acid
deposits during storage. While the unit is in storage, the acids
in the fuel can damage the fuel system.
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
CHECK THE OIL
NOTE: The engine was shipped from the factory filled with oil.
Check the level of the oil. Add oil as needed. See the engine
manufacturer’s instructions for the type of gasoline and oil to
use.
To prevent engine problems with the fuel system, empty the fuel
system before storage of 30 days or longer as follows.
1.
Drain the fuel tank.
NOTE: Do not check the level of the oil while the engine
runs.
2.
Start the engine. Let the engine run until the fuel lines and the
carburetor are empty.
2.
Check the oil. Follow the procedure in the engine manufacturer’s instructions.
3.
After storage, make sure you use fresh fuel. See the storage
instructions for additional information.
3.
If necessary, add oil until the oil reaches the FULL mark on the
dipstick. The quantity of oil needed from ADD to FULL is shown
on the dipstick. Do not add too much oil.
4.
Never use engine cleaner or carburetor cleaner in the fuel tank
or permanent damage can occur.
1.
Make sure the unit is level.
CARBURETOR
ADD GASOLINE
The factory settings for the carburetor are for most conditions. If the
engine is operated under the following conditions, you can adjust
the carburetor mixture. To adjust the carburetor, see the engine
manufacturer’s instructions.
WARNING: Always use a safety gasoline container.
Do not smoke when adding gasoline to the fuel tank.
Do not add gasoline when you are inside an enclosure. Before you add gasoline, stop the engine and
let the engine cool for several minutes.
Fill the fuel tank with regular
unleaded gasoline. Do not use
premium unleaded gasoline.
Make sure the gasoline is fresh
and clean. Leaded gasoline will
increase deposits and shorten
the life of the valves.
Fuel Tank
WARNING: The electrical system has an operator
presence system that includes a sensor switch for the
seat. These components tell the electrical system if
the operator is sitting on the seat. This system will
stop the engine when the operator leaves the seat if
the blade rotation control is engaged or if the transmission is engaged. For your protection, always
make sure this system operates correctly.
2.
A change from summer to winter operation.
3.
A 40 degree change in the operation temperature. The carburetor was adjusted at 80 degrees at the factory.
4.
The engine is operated above 4,000 feet.
2.
Move the shift lever to the neutral (N) position.
3.
Make sure the blade rotation control is in the DISENGAGE
position.
4.
Move the throttle control completely forward to the CHOKE or
FAST position. Some models have a separate choke knob. Pull
the choke knob to the full CHOKE position.
5.
Turn the ignition key to the START position. Release the key
when the engine starts.
NOTE: If the engine does not start after four or five tries,
see the TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART.
NOTE: The engine will not start unless you depress the
clutch/brake pedal or engage the parking brake and move the
blade rotation control to the DISENGAGE position.
Push the clutch/brake pedal completely forward. Keep your
foot on the pedal.
F–030718L
The engine has a loss of power or does not run smooth.
Full
HOW TO START THE ENGINE
1.
1.
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6.
Slowly move the throttle control to the SLOW position.
7.
Let a cold engine run for several minutes. Begin work when the
engine is warm. To start a hot engine, move the throttle control
to a position between FAST and SLOW.
OPERATION
OPERATING TIPS
1.
Check the blade rotation control for correct adjustment. For the
blade(s) to disengage correctly, the adjustment must be correct.
5.
Before you make an inspection, adjustment (except for the carburetor) or repair, make sure the wire from the spark plug is disconnected.
2.
Before you use the unit, check the oil in the engine and add oil
if necessary.
6.
For longer life of the battery on electric start models, charge the
battery every three months.
3.
If the engine will not start, first make sure the wire is attached
to the spark plug.
7.
Use the shift lever to change the ground speed, not the throttle
control.
4.
Make sure all the belts are inside all the belt guides. See the instructions on how to remove and install the motion drive and
mower drive belts.
8.
Belt noise can occur when the blade or clutch is engaged. This
noise is normal and does not affect the operation of the unit.
MOWING AND BAGGING TIPS
1.
For a lawn to look better, check the cutting level of the mower
housing. See “How To Level The Mower Housing” in the Maintenance section.
10. For better engine performance and an even discharge of the
cut grass, always operate the engine with the throttle in FAST
position.
2.
For the mower housing to cut level, make sure the tires have
the correct amount of air pressure.
11. When you use a bagger, operate the engine with the throttle in
FAST position and the shift lever in first or second gear.
3.
Every time you use the unit, check the blade. If the blade is bent
or damaged, immediately replace the blade. Also, make sure
the nut for the blade is tight.
4.
Keep the blade(s) sharpened. Worn blades will cause the ends
of the grass to turn brown.
5.
Do not cut or bag grass that is wet. Wet grass will not discharge
correctly. Let the grass dry before cutting.
6.
Use the left side of the mower housing to trim near an object.
7.
Discharge the cut grass onto the mowed area. The result is a
more even discharge of cut grass.
8.
When you mow large areas, start by turning to the right so that
the cut grass will discharge away from shrubs, fences, driveways, etc. After one or two rounds, mow in the opposite direction making left turns until finished (Figure 8).
9.
If the grass is very high, cut two times to decrease the load on
the engine. First cut with the mower housing in the highest position and then lower the mower housing for the second cut.
F–030718L
12. For better cutting performance and a quality cut, mow with the
shift lever in one of the slower speeds.
13. After each use, clean the bottom and top of the mower housing
for better performance. Also, a clean mower housing will help
prevent a fire.
Figure 8
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OPERATION
HOW TO CHANGE THE MULCHER PLATE
Deflector Bracket
Deflector
WARNING: To prevent the engine from starting, disconnect the wire from the spark plug. Make sure the
blade rotation control is in the DISENGAGE position.
The mulcher plate lets you mulch the grass for a clean, fine cut. To
discharge the grass out the side or into a grass bagger, remove the
mulcher plate as follows.
B
How To Remove The Mulcher Plate
1.
Raise the deflector. Remove the two wingnuts B and two carriage bolts A (Figure 9).
2.
Lift the mulcher plate away from the mower housing
(Figure 10).
Mulcher Plate
3.
A
Attach wingnuts B and carriage bolts A to the mulcher plate
for future use.
B
A
Figure 9
Deflector
IMPORTANT: There are several different types of grass. Some
types of grass are more difficult to cut. If you remove the
mulcher plate and the grass does not discharge correctly,
replace the blade with a standard blade. The part number of the
standard blade is 92117E701.
How To Install The Mulcher Plate
1.
Raise the deflector. Mount the bottom flange of the mulcher
plate to the mower housing (Figure 10).
2.
Slide the top of the mulcher plate under the deflector bracket
(Figure 9).
3.
Bottom Flange
Fasten the mulcher plate with two wingnuts B and two carriage bolts A.
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Figure 10
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