Barracuda Networks Load Balancer Specifications

Barracuda Networks Technical Documentation
Barracuda Link Balancer
Administrator’s Guide
Version 2.2
RECLAIM YOUR NETWORK™
Copyright Notice
Copyright 2004-2011, Barracuda Networks
www.barracuda.com
v2.2-110503-01-0503
All rights reserved. Use of this product and this manual is subject to license. Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
Trademarks
Barracuda Link Balancer is a trademark of Barracuda Networks. All other brand and product names mentioned in this document are registered trademarks or
trademarks of their respective holders.
Contents
Chapter 1 – Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About this Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Features of the Barracuda Link Balancer. . . . . . . . . .
Link Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aggregating Link Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Link Failover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outbound Link Load Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inbound Link Balancing and Failover . . . . . . . . . .
VLAN Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Persistence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bandwidth Management and Quality of Service (QoS) .
Traditional Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Site-to-Site VPN and Link Failover . . . . . . . . . . .
Ability to Deploy with Your Network Firewall . . . . . .
Local Network Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Web User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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.1
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.3
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.3
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.4
.4
.4
.4
.5
.5
.6
.6
.6
.6
C h a p t e r 2 – I n s ta l l i n g t h e B a r r a c u d a L i n k B a l a n c e r . . . . . . 7
Deployment Scenarios . . . . . . . .
In Front of Firewall . . . . . . . .
Replacing Your Firewall . . . . .
Overview of the Installation Steps.
In Front of Your Firewall Installation .
Replacing Your Firewall Installation .
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.7
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.9
10
11
15
Chapter 3 – Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer . . . . 19
Configuring Network Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding, Updating or Viewing WAN Link Configuration
Adding a New WAN Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Static Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring VLANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating IP Aliases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Per Interface Health Checks . . . . . . .
Configuring the DHCP Server. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Firewall Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Order of Execution of Firewall Rules . . . . . . . . .
Inbound Firewall Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inbound 1:1 NAT Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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19
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Chapter 2:
iii
Port Forwarding Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outbound Firewall Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Firewall Logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Custom Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Link Usage for Inbound and Outbound Traffic . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Bandwidth or Quality of Service (QoS) Rules . . . . . .
Outbound Traffic Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifying the Link Used by Outgoing Traffic . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Source IP Address of Outgoing Traffic . . . . . . .
Configuring Virtual Private Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Site-to-Site VPN Tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating VPN Tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a VPN in a NAT’d Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Failover and Failback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VPN Tunnel as Failover Link for a Broken Site-to-Site WAN Link
Troubleshooting a VPN Tunnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the DNS Server for Inbound Load Balancing . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DNS Records Time to Live . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Split DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DNS Zone Transfer Blocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Becoming an Authoritative DNS Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
If You Add a WAN Link After the Domains are Created . . . . . .
Zones and Domains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DNS Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Administrative Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controlling Access to the Web User Interface . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Default Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Email Addresses for Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customizing the Appearance of the Web User Interface . . . . .
Setting the Time Zone of the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling SSL for Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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37
C h a p t e r 4 – C r e a t i n g a H i g h Av a i l a b i l i t y E n v i r o n m e n t . . . . 3 9
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet Passthrough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation of High Availability (HA) . . . . . . . . . .
Physical Connectivity of the Clustered Systems . . .
Requirements for Clustered Systems . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization of Data Between Clustered Systems
Failover and Failback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Planning Your High Availability Deployment . . . . . . .
In Front of Single Network Firewall . . . . . . . . . .
In Front of Dual Network Firewalls . . . . . . . . . .
No External Firewalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a System from a Cluster . . . . . . . . . . .
Updating Firmware on Clustered Systems . . . . . . . .
iv
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
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39
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46
46
Chapter 5 – Monitoring the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Checking Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a Syslog Server to Centrally Monitor System Logs
SNMP Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Reports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing System Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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47
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C h a p t e r 6 – M a i n ta i n i n g t h e B a r r a c u d a L i n k B a l a n c e r . . . . 5 1
Backing up and Restoring Your System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . .
Updating the Firmware of Your Barracuda Link Balancer . . . . . . . . .
Replacing a Failed System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reloading, Restarting, and Shutting Down the System . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Reset Button to Reset the LAN IP address . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Built-in Troubleshooting Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rebooting the System in Recovery Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reboot Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Barracuda Networks Limited Hardware Warranty (v 2.1) . . . . . . . .
Exclusive Remedy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exclusions and Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Barracuda Networks Software License Agreement (v 2.1) . . . . . . .
Barracuda Networks Energize Updates and Other Subscription Terms
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Chapter 2:
v
vi
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Chapter 1
Introduction
This chapter provides an overview of the Barracuda Link Balancer and includes the following topics:
Overview .............................................................................................. 1
Features of the Barracuda Link Balancer ........................................... 2
Technical Support ................................................................................ 6
Overview
The Barracuda Link Balancer routes and manages traffic across multiple Internet connections or
WAN links. By using multiple inexpensive connections from one or more Internet service providers,
you can reduce the need to purchase high speed and high cost links. Supported links include T1, T3,
E1, DSL, cable, fiber optic and MPLS. The Barracuda Link Balancer:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
balances incoming and outgoing network traffic across multiple links
provides automated failover in case of link failure
manages bandwidth
performs Quality of Service (QoS) for Internet applications
includes DHCP server and DNS caching server functionality
can act as a traditional firewall or can be installed in front of your existing firewall
provides site-to-site VPNs with link failover and failback.
The Barracuda Link Balancer is not designed for load balancing that distributes incoming traffic
across servers. If you are interested in that functionality, the Barracuda Load Balancer may meet your
needs.
As shown in Figure 1.1, the Barracuda Link Balancer provides an interface between multiple Internet
connections and your clients and servers.
Chapter 1: Introduction
1
Figure 1.1: Barracuda Link Balancer Functionality
About this Guide
This guide provides a general discussion of the features and concepts that you need to understand in
order to best configure the Barracuda Link Balancer. Other than the installation instructions that are
in Installing the Barracuda Link Balancer on page 7, you will find that detailed, procedural
configuration steps are in the online help of the Web user interface.
When referring to specific feature settings, this guide specifies the name of the tab in the Web user
interface followed by a ( >) and the actual page name. For example, you can view link utilization and
performance statistics on the Basic > Status page.
Features of the Barracuda Link Balancer
This section describes the features of the Barracuda Link Balancer:
Link Management ................................................................................ 3
Aggregating Link Bandwidth ............................................................... 3
Link Failover ....................................................................................... 3
Outbound Link Load Balancing........................................................... 3
Inbound Link Balancing and Failover................................................. 3
VLAN Support ...................................................................................... 4
High Availability .................................................................................. 4
Persistence ........................................................................................... 4
Bandwidth Management and Quality of Service (QoS)....................... 4
Traditional Firewall............................................................................. 4
Site-to-Site VPN and Link Failover ..................................................... 5
Ability to Deploy with Your Network Firewall .................................... 5
Local Network Services ....................................................................... 6
Reporting ............................................................................................. 6
Web User Interface .............................................................................. 6
2
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Link Management
The Barracuda Link Balancer can manage links that have static or dynamic (DHCP) IP addresses and
can authenticate using PPPoE.
Aggregating Link Bandwidth
The Barracuda Link Balancer automatically aggregates Internet bandwidth from multiple links to the
same or diverse sources. Administrators can choose multiple links to the same or different ISPs for
the purposes of consolidating access to affordable Internet bandwidth.
Any single session (e.g. a TCP stream) has at most only the bandwidth from any one WAN link. One
computer may have more than one session if it is connected to more than one remote site.
Link Failover
The Barracuda Link Balancer regularly checks the health of each Internet link and only uses the
available links. If it detects a link failure, the failed link is removed from link balancing. When the
failed link becomes available again, the Barracuda Link Balancer will resume using that link. All of
this happens without administrator intervention.
If a link fails, existing sessions on that link will be disconnected. Clients who were using the failed
link will be able to reconnect quickly to their destination using another available link rather than
having to wait for the original link to be restored.
Outbound Link Load Balancing
When traffic from a client IP address going to a new destination IP address is detected, the Barracuda
Link Balancer selects which link to use. It calculates the available capacity for each link based on
uplink speed and current usage and uses the link with the largest available capacity. If needed, you
can create outbound routing rules to override this behavior.
Inbound Link Balancing and Failover
The Barracuda Link Balancer uses authoritative DNS to direct incoming connections to a WAN link.
When an external user accesses a Web site, for example, that is hosted behind the Barracuda Link
Balancer, a DNS request is sent to the Barracuda Link Balancer for the IP address of the site. The
Barracuda Link Balancer returns the IP address of the site which directs the traffic to a WAN link.
When determining which IP address to return, the available capacity for each link based on configured
speed and current usage is calculated. The link with the largest available capacity is returned so that
adaptive inbound load balancing is achieved. Also, if a link is found to have failed, the address for
that link is not returned until it becomes available again.
In order to accomplish this, the Barracuda Link Balancer acts as an authoritative DNS server for the
domains or sub-domains that you host. You can create DNS records on the Barracuda Link Balancer
to identify your domain and to map that domain to multiple externally accessible IP addresses.
Chapter 1: Introduction
3
VLAN Support
The Barracuda Link Balancer supports Layer 2 VLANs.
High Availability
The Barracuda Link Balancer supports High Availability configurations where two Barracuda Link
Balancers are deployed as an active-passive pair.
Persistence
The Barracuda Link Balancer automatically tracks the IP addresses of each client / source and
corresponding server / destination. As long as the source and destination IP address pair are the same,
traffic between them will use the same link. In addition, any one source and destination IP address
pair will be tied to a specific link through about 15 minutes of inactivity. If traffic from an already
tracked source IP address is detected, it may be sent on a different link if the destination IP address is
unique.
Bandwidth Management and Quality of Service (QoS)
The Barracuda Link Balancer includes software that can automatically prioritize critical Internet
applications. For example, you can assign priority to Web browsing and email while giving peer-topeer applications and media streaming a lower priority. In this way, you can ensure that bandwidthintensive applications do not interfere with business-critical operations.
Traditional Firewall
The Barracuda Link Balancer incorporates standard firewall functionality, including:
•
•
•
•
4
Network Address Translation (NAT):
• IP masquerading - Clients in the internal network are protected from the Internet. All
Internet services appear to be provided by the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall, while
the internal clients remain invisible.
• 1:1 NAT - You can directly assign external addresses to internal servers. Ideal for hosting
internal applications or services requiring regular outbound requests such as SMTP, 1:1
NAT provides a secure method to match additional external addresses with a single
internal server for inbound and outbound traffic.
• Port forwarding (or Port Address Translation) - The traffic to the same port across one or
more multiple links is directed to an internal client.
• Many to 1 NAT - One internal server may receive traffic from more than one WAN link.
You can achieve this by creating 1:1 NAT rules or port forwarding rules.
IP access lists - Use IP access lists to allow or deny access, either inbound or outbound, to
remote networks, clients, applications, services and ports.
Port blocking.
Assistance in preventing and mitigating distributed denial of service attacks (DDoS).
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Site-to-Site VPN and Link Failover
You can create a site-to-site VPN tunnel between two Barracuda Link Balancers or between a
Barracuda Link Balancer and another device that supports IPsec. Networks connected via a tunnel
will communicate as if they are on the same network, even though they are separated by the Internet.
Using this functionality allows your site-to-site VPN tunnel to automatically failover to a secondary
link in the case of the failure of a primary link.
Ability to Deploy with Your Network Firewall
If you already have a firewall that meets your needs, you can use the link balancing, failover and
bandwidth management capabilities of the Barracuda Link Balancer and disable its firewall
functionality.
As you can see in Figure 1.2, adding the Barracuda Link Balancer to your network without removing
your firewall can be done with minimal disruption to your existing network.
Figure 1.2: Deploying with an Existing Network Firewall
Chapter 1: Introduction
5
Local Network Services
The Barracuda Link Balancer includes the following local network services:
•
•
DHCP server - The Barracuda Link Balancer can automatically provision client IP addresses
using the DHCP protocol. Along with defining traditional DHCP options, administrators may
view active leases in real time.
DNS caching server - The Barracuda Link Balancer caches responses to DNS queries so that
repetitive DNS requests are served quickly and locally.
Reporting
A variety of trend and activity reports for the WAN links, VPNs and other system components can be
generated on-demand or scheduled. Reporting is only available on models 330 and above.
Web User Interface
The Barracuda Link Balancer configuration can be administered through an SSL-secured Web user
interface. Access can be through the LAN or, if configured, any of the WAN interfaces. The Web user
interface can also be used for viewing traffic statistics, monitoring the health of network components
and doing troubleshooting.
Technical Support
To contact Barracuda Networks Technical Support:
•
•
•
By phone: call 1-408-342-5400, or if you are in the United States, (888) Anti-Spam, or (888)
268-4772
By email: use support@barracuda.com
Online: visit http://www.barracuda.com/support and click on the Support Case Creation link.
There is also a Barracuda Networks Support Forum available where users can post and answer other
users’ questions. Register and log in at http://forum.barracuda.com.
6
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Chapter 2
Installing the Barracuda Link Balancer
This chapter provides instructions for installing the Barracuda Link Balancer. It includes the
following topics:
Deployment Scenarios ......................................................................... 7
In Front of Your Firewall Installation ............................................... 11
Replacing Your Firewall Installation................................................. 15
Once you have chosen your deployment scenario, go to the section that describes how to install your
Barracuda Link Balancer in that configuration. There are many steps and some are similar between
the methods, but for ease of configuration they are in different sections.
Deployment Scenarios
The two most typical deployment methods are:
•
•
In Front of Firewall on page 8 - Keep your existing firewall, and insert the Barracuda Link
Balancer in between your firewall and the Internet. The Barracuda Link Balancer firewall is
disabled in this case.
Replacing Your Firewall Installation on page 15 - Replace your firewall with the Barracuda
Link Balancer.
One important factor in deciding which deployment mode to choose is whether you want to replace
your firewall or keep your existing firewall.
The Barracuda Link Balancer firewall provides full firewall functionality. If, however, you already
have a firewall that meets your needs, you can disable the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall while still
making use of the Barracuda Link Balancer’s link balancing, failover and bandwidth management
capabilities.
Table 2.1 shows factors to consider when choosing a deployment mode.
Table 2.1: Deployment Modes
In Front of Firewall
Replacing Your Firewall
Network Location
The Barracuda Link Balancer is deployed
between your existing firewall and the Internet.
The Barracuda Link Balancer acts as your
firewall.
Barracuda Link
Balancer LAN IP
address
Used only for management. Can be any internal
or public address that is reachable through your
existing firewall from the LAN.
The default gateway for your network.
Firewall Rules
No changes to your existing firewall.
You will need to recreate any existing firewall
rules on the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Chapter 2: Installing the Barracuda Link Balancer
7
Table 2.1: Deployment Modes
In Front of Firewall
Replacing Your Firewall
WAN Link
If you are enabling inbound access to resources
behind the Barracuda Link Balancer, such as a
Web server, at least one WAN link must have a
static IP address.
The Barracuda Link Balancer may use the same
IP address that had been used by your firewall.
Site to Site VPN
If you already have a site to site VPN it should be Failover and failback to and from a secondary
terminated on your existing firewall. VPN traffic
link.
has one source IP address so it goes out on only
one WAN link. It is recognized as VPN traffic so it
will not be NAT’d by the Barracuda Link Balancer.
No failover or failback is available.
Alternatively, make the Barracuda Link Balancer
a VPN endpoint to achieve failover and failback
to and from a secondary link.
In Front of Firewall
Figure 2.1 gives an example of a customer network that has both client and server traffic.
Figure 2.1: Deployment Example - before Barracuda Link Balancer
Figure 2.2 shows the same network with a Barracuda Link Balancer that was installed with no
changes to the configuration of the existing firewall. A new WAN link has been added.
In this network:
•
•
•
•
8
The Barracuda Link Balancer has a static IP address on WAN1 that is on the same network as
the firewall and the externally visible servers.
The clients are on a different subnet than all WAN links.
The external IP address and gateway of the firewall remain the same.
The gateway IP addresses of the Barracuda Link Balancer and the firewall are provided by the
ISPs. The gateway of the LAN devices is provided by the firewall.
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
•
The Barracuda Link Balancer LAN IP address can be any internal or public address that is
reachable through your existing firewall from the LAN. You may allocate an external IP address
for it, or choose a non-routable IP address. If the latter, it should be on a different subnet than the
LAN devices already on the network. Remember that if the firewall does not recognize an
address as being on the local network it will pass it to the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Figure 2.2: Deployment Example - Barracuda Link Balancer in front of firewall
Replacing Your Firewall
Figure 2.3 gives another example of a customer network that has both client and server traffic.
Figure 2.3: Deployment Example - before Barracuda Link Balancer
Chapter 2: Installing the Barracuda Link Balancer
9
Figure 2.4 shows the example network with a Barracuda Link Balancer installed and acting as a
firewall, replacing the customer firewall. A new WAN link has been added.
In this network:
•
•
•
•
•
The Barracuda Link Balancer uses the same IP address for WAN1 that the firewall had used.
The LAN devices and the LAN interface of the Barracuda Link Balancer must be on a different
subnet than all WAN links.
The Barracuda Link Balancer gateway IP addresses are provided by the ISPs.
The gateway of the LAN devices is the LAN IP address of the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Traffic to the servers is passed using port forwarding rules on the Barracuda Link Balancer.
If your servers are externally accessible, reconfigure those servers with private IP addresses. Then
create 1:1 NAT rules to map the external IP addresses to the respective private IP addresses of the
servers.
Figure 2.4: Deployment Example - Barracuda Link Balancer replacing the firewall
Overview of the Installation Steps
Table 2.2 provides an overview of the steps required to deploy the Barracuda Link Balancer in your
network.
Table 2.2: Installation Steps
In Front of Firewall
Replace Your Firewall
Prepare to install, including getting a WAN link with Prepare to install.
a static IP address.
10
Activate the Barracuda Link Balancer with
Temporary Network Settings.
Activate the Barracuda Link Balancer with
Temporary Network Settings.
Get Latest Firmware Version.
Get Latest Firmware Version.
Disable the Barracuda Link Balancer Firewall.
Configure Permanent WAN Settings.
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Table 2.2: Installation Steps
In Front of Firewall
Replace Your Firewall
Configure WAN and LAN Permanent Settings.
Configure the Barracuda Link Balancer Firewall.
Permanently Install the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Configure Permanent LAN IP Address.
Test Connectivity.
Permanently Install the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Test Connectivity.
In Front of Your Firewall Installation
These detailed instructions describe how to deploy the Barracuda Link Balancer between the Internet
and your firewall. They provide a method to configure the Barracuda Link Balancer completely
before connecting it to your production system.
Note: In this mode with the Barracuda Link Balancer’s firewall disabled, it is necessary to use an
additional static IP address in order to deploy the Barracuda Link Balancer. If you do not have an
extra static IP address, you may need to order one from your ISP.
Step 1: Prepare for the Installation
Before installing your Barracuda Link Balancer, complete the following tasks:
1. Verify you have the necessary equipment:
• Barracuda Link Balancer, AC power cord (included)
• Ethernet cables
• a PC with a Web browser
Plug in the Barracuda Link Balancer and power it on.
2. If you are enabling inbound access to resources behind the Barracuda Link Balancer, such as a
Web server, you must provide at least one WAN link with a static IP address for receiving the
incoming traffic.
Step 2: Activate the Barracuda Link Balancer with Temporary Network
Settings
Follow these steps to configure the Barracuda Link Balancer with temporary settings and activate it:
1. Change the network settings of a PC with a Web browser installed to use an IP address of
192.168.200.10, subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 and gateway of 192.168.200.200. Depending on
the model, there may be a LAN port on the front of the Barracuda Link Balancer. If there is,
connect an Ethernet cable from the PC to that LAN port.
Chapter 2: Installing the Barracuda Link Balancer
11
Figure 2.5: Front panel of a Barracuda Link Balancer with LAN port
Otherwise, connect an Ethernet cable from the PC to the LAN port on the back, as shown in
Figure 2.6.
Figure 2.6: Back panel of the Barracuda Link Balancer
2.
Start the Web browser and access the Web user interface by typing
http://192.168.200.200:8000. The default username is admin and the default password
is admin.
3. Go to the Basic > Links page and double click on one of the WAN ports in the graphic. In the
Links Configuration section set the Type of the WAN link to DHCP to acquire an address in the
office network. Alternatively, set the link Type to Static and enter a specific IP address. Click
Save Changes.
4. Connect an Ethernet cable from the corresponding WAN port on the front of the Barracuda Link
Balancer into your office network. You should now have Internet connectivity from your PC.
5. At the top of every page, you may see the following warning:
Click on the link in the warning message or use the link on the Basic > Status page to open up
the Barracuda Networks Product Activation page in a new browser window. Fill in the required
fields and click Activate. A confirmation page opens to display the terms of your subscription.
On the Basic > Status page, you may need to enter the activation code from the Barracuda
Networks Product Activation page to activate your Barracuda Link Balancer.
Note: If your subscription status does not change to Current, or if you have trouble filling out
the Product Activation page, call your Barracuda Networks sales representative.
Step 3: Update Firmware
Go to Advanced > Firmware Update. If there is a new Latest General Release available, perform the
following steps to update the system firmware:
1. Read the release notes to learn about the features of this firmware update.
2. Click the Download Now button located next to the Latest General Release firmware version.
Click OK to acknowledge the download duration message. To avoid damaging the Barracuda
12
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Link Balancer, do not power off during an update or download. To view the progress of the
download, click Refresh. You will be notified when the download is complete.
3. Click Apply Now to apply the firmware. Click OK to acknowledge the reboot message. Applying
the firmware takes a few minutes to complete.
4. After the firmware has been applied, the Barracuda Link Balancer automatically reboots. When
the system comes back up, the login page is displayed. Log in again.
Step 4: Disable the Barracuda Link Balancer Firewall
Because you are going to use your existing firewall, you must disable the Barracuda Link Balancer
firewall:
1. Go to the Basic > IP Configuration page and disable the firewall. Click OK to acknowledge the
reboot message.
2. The Barracuda Link Balancer will reboot.
Step 5: Configure WAN and LAN Permanent Settings
Configure the permanent settings for the WAN links that will be connected to the Barracuda Link
Balancer. Some of the configuration information for the WAN links is provided by your ISP. Be sure
to enter these values correctly.
1. Unplug the Ethernet cable connecting the WAN port to your office network.
2. After the Barracuda Link Balancer has rebooted, login to the Web user interface and go to the
Basic > Links page.
3. For each link that will be connected to this unit:
3a. Click the relevant WAN port in the graphic.
3b. In the Links Configuration section enter the details for the link to be connected to the
WAN port.
If the interface uses a static IP address, then you will see the Additional IP Addresses
list. These are the externally reachable IP addresses that are behind the Barracuda Link
Balancer, including the address of your firewall. These need to be identified so that
traffic can be accepted and directed to them. The Barracuda Link Balancer is able to
locate these addresses automatically, so creating this list is optional but may cause a
slight increase in efficiency. To manually create the list, enter the IP addresses or click
Discover to populate a list of IP addresses of live systems that are on the same Class C
network as this WAN interface. The Discover button is only visible if there are no
entries in the Additional IP Addresses list and if the built-in firewall is disabled.
3c. Click Save Changes.
Note: If you are enabling inbound access to resources behind the Barracuda Link Balancer,
such as a Web server, you must provide at least one WAN link with a static IP address for
receiving the incoming traffic.
4. If desired, change the LAN/Management IP address of the Barracuda Link Balancer to its
permanent setting. The LAN IP address is only used for management of the Barracuda Link
Balancer. (The WAN IP addresses can also be used to access the management interface).
The LAN IP address can be any internal or public address that is reachable through your existing
firewall from the LAN. You may allocate an external IP address for it, or choose a non-routable
Chapter 2: Installing the Barracuda Link Balancer
13
IP address. If the latter, it should be on a different subnet than the LAN devices already on the
network. Remember that if the firewall does not recognize an address as being on the local
network it will pass it to the Barracuda Link Balancer.
If the default address of 192.168.200.200 meets this criteria, there is no need to change it.
To change the LAN/Management IP address,
Go to the Basic > IP Configuration page and change the Management IP Address and
Subnet Mask. Click Save Changes. If the address is on a different subnet, your
connection will terminate.
5. Power down your Barracuda Link Balancer using the power button on the front of the unit.
Step 6: Install in the Production Network
Now that the Barracuda Link Balancer is configured, install it in its permanent location and connect
it to your WAN links:
1. Mount the Barracuda Link Balancer in a 19-inch rack or place it in a stable location. To ensure
proper ventilation, do not block the cooling vents on the front and back of the unit.
2. Connect each of the cables from the Internet links into a WAN port on the front of the Barracuda
Link Balancer. The ports are labeled WAN1, WAN2, etc. These ports correspond to the WAN
ports that you configured in the Web user interface. Be sure to connect them according to your
configuration.
3. If there is a LAN port on the front of the Barracuda Link Balancer, connect an Ethernet cable
from the outside interface of your existing network firewall to that LAN port. If there is no LAN
port on the front, connect the outside interface of your existing network firewall to the LAN
Ethernet port on the back panel of the Barracuda Link Balancer. You should see some activity
on both the yellow and green lights on the LAN port. If not, you may need to use a crossover
cable.
Step 7: Test Connectivity
Now you are ready to test the connectivity to your existing firewall and the systems connected to it.
There is no need to change your firewall network configuration - your network firewall should
continue to use the ISP provided gateway address.
1. Confirm that you can access the Internet from a client computer on your LAN. If this works,
continue.
2. On the test system, log into the Web user interface using the permanent LAN IP address and go
to the Basic > Links page. The status of each link should appear as Connected. You can see the
utilization of each link by moving the mouse over the graphic.
On the test system, generate some traffic, by, for example, opening more tabs in the browser of
the test system and downloading files from the Internet. You can FTP files from a number of
different sites or use torrent to get the traffic to flow on multiple links. Go to the Basic > Status
page to view graphs that show the incoming and outgoing traffic for each link..
Note: If you have connectivity issues, clear the ARP caches of your existing network
components such as the firewall, routers and modems. In some cases, you may need to
reboot these devices.
14
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
You do not need to update your existing firewall configuration unless you want to make it aware of
the new WAN link(s). To do so:
1. Add firewall rules so that traffic from the new links is handled correctly.
2. If you want to be able to manage your existing firewall remotely, add an alias on your firewall
for the other links in case the first link is unavailable.
Your Barracuda Link Balancer should be ready for operation. There are a number of other
configuration options available. Please refer to the next chapter, Configuring the Barracuda Link
Balancer on page 19, to review these options.
Replacing Your Firewall Installation
These instructions describe how to deploy the Barracuda Link Balancer as the default gateway for
your network, replacing your existing firewall or router.
The steps documented here provide a method to configure the Barracuda Link Balancer completely
before connecting it to your production system. This method allows you to copy the firewall
configuration of your existing firewall to the Barracuda Link Balancer. A similar process is described
in the Barracuda Link Balancer Quick Start Guide
Step 1: Prepare for the Installation
Before installing your Barracuda Link Balancer, verify you have the necessary equipment:
•
•
•
Barracuda Link Balancer, AC power cord (included)
Ethernet cables
a PC with a Web browser
Plug in the Barracuda Link Balancer and power it on.
Step 2: Activate the Barracuda Link Balancer with Temporary Network
Settings
Follow these steps to configure the Barracuda Link Balancer with temporary settings and activate it:
1. Change the network settings of a PC with a Web browser installed to use an IP address of
192.168.200.10, subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 and gateway of 192.168.200.200. Depending on
the model, there may be a LAN port on the front of the Barracuda Link Balancer. If there is,
connect an Ethernet cable from the PC to that LAN port.
Chapter 2: Installing the Barracuda Link Balancer
15
Figure 2.7: Front panel of a Barracuda Link Balancer with LAN port
Otherwise, connect an Ethernet cable from the PC to the LAN port on the back, as shown in
Figure 2.8.
Figure 2.8: Back panel of the Barracuda Link Balancer
2. Start the Web browser and access the Web user interface by typing
http://192.168.200.200:8000. The default username is admin and the default password
is admin.
3. Go to the Basic > Links page and double click on one of the WAN ports in the graphic. In the
Links Configuration section set the Type of the WAN link to DHCP to acquire an address in the
office network. Alternatively, set the link Type to Static and enter a specific IP address. Click
Save Changes.
4. Connect an Ethernet cable from the corresponding WAN port on the front of the Barracuda Link
Balancer into your office network. You should now have Internet connectivity from your PC.
5. At the top of every page, you may see the following warning:
Click on the link in the warning message to open up the Barracuda Networks Product Activation
page in a new browser window. Fill in the required fields and click Activate. A confirmation
page opens to display the terms of your subscription.
On the Basic > Status page, you may need to enter the activation code from the Barracuda
Networks Product Activation page to activate your Barracuda Link Balancer.
Note: If your subscription status does not change to Current, or if you have trouble filling out
the Product Activation page, call your Barracuda Networks sales representative.
Step 3: Update Firmware
Go to Advanced > Firmware Update. If there is a new Latest General Release available, perform the
following steps to update the system firmware:
1. Read the release notes to learn about the features of this firmware update.
2. Click the Download Now button located next to the Latest General Release firmware version.
Click OK to acknowledge the download duration message. To avoid damaging the Barracuda
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Link Balancer, do not power off during an update or download. To view the progress of the
download, click Refresh. You will be notified when the download is complete.
3. Click Apply Now to apply the firmware. Click OK to acknowledge the reboot message. Applying
the firmware takes a few minutes to complete.
4. After the firmware has been applied, the Barracuda Link Balancer automatically reboots. When
the system comes back up, the login page is displayed.
Step 4: Configure Permanent WAN Settings
1. After the Barracuda Link Balancer has rebooted, login to the Web user interface and go to the
Basic > Links page.
2. For each link that will be connected to this unit:
2a. Click the relevant WAN port in the graphic.
2b. In the Links Configuration section enter the details for the link to be connected to the
WAN port.
Some of the configuration information is provided by your ISP - be sure to enter it
correctly.
2c. Click Save Changes.
Note: For each WAN interface that has a static IP address, enter all of your externally
accessible servers in the Additional IP Addresses field. These need to be identified so that traffic
can be accepted for them. You will also need to reconfigure the servers with private IP
addresses. In the next step you can create firewall 1:1 NAT rules to direct traffic to those
systems.
Step 5: Configure the Barracuda Link Balancer Firewall
Create firewall rules on the Barracuda Link Balancer to match the settings of your current firewall.
More information about firewall settings can be found at Configuring the Firewall on page 21.
1. Go to the Firewall > Inbound page to add inbound rules.
2. Go to the Firewall > Outbound page to add outbound rules.
3. Go to the Firewall > NAT page to add 1:1 NAT and port forwarding rules.
Step 6: Configure Permanent LAN IP Address
1. Change the LAN IP address of the Barracuda Link Balancer to its permanent setting as the
default gateway for your network. To change the LAN IP address, go to the Basic > IP
Configuration page and change the IP Address and Subnet Mask. Click Save Changes.
2. The connection to the PC that you were using will terminate.
3. Unplug the cable connecting your PC to the Barracuda Link Balancer.
4. Power down your Barracuda Link Balancer using the power button on the front of the unit.
Chapter 2: Installing the Barracuda Link Balancer
17
Step 7: Install in the Production Network
Now that the Barracuda Link Balancer is configured, install it in its permanent location and make it
part of your production network:
1. Mount the Barracuda Link Balancer in a 19-inch rack or place it in a stable location. To ensure
proper ventilation, do not block the cooling vents on the front and back of the unit.
2. Connect each of the cables from the Internet links into a WAN port on the front of the Barracuda
Link Balancer. The ports are labeled WAN1, WAN2, etc. These ports correspond to the WAN
ports that you configured in the Web user interface. Be sure to connect them according to your
configuration.
3. Unplug your firewall from the network and plug its LAN connection into the LAN port on the
front of the Barracuda Link Balancer, if there is one. If there is no LAN port on the front, plug
that connection into the LAN Ethernet port on the back panel of the Barracuda Link Balancer.
You should see some activity on both the yellow and green lights on the LAN port. If not, you
may need to use a crossover cable.
4. If the IP address of the Barracuda Link Balancer is the same as the IP address of the firewall that
you removed, you can ignore this step. Otherwise, make the Barracuda Link Balancer the
default gateway for the clients by performing these steps:
4a. Update the configuration of the DHCP server for the clients to give out the LAN IP
address of the Barracuda Link Balancer as the default gateway. As the leases are
renewed, each client will gain access to the new Internet links.
4b. Change the default gateway of any clients with static IP addresses to the LAN IP
address of the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Step 8: Test Connectivity
Test the connectivity to a client system:
1. If needed, change the gateway IP address of a test system to the LAN IP address of the
Barracuda Link Balancer.
2. Confirm that you can access the Internet from the test system. If this works, continue.
3. On the test system, log into the Web user interface using the permanent LAN IP address and go
to the Basic > Links page. The status of each link should appear as Connected. You can see the
utilization of each link by moving the mouse over the graphic.
4. On the test system, generate some traffic, by, for example, opening more tabs in the browser of
the test system and downloading files from the Internet. FTP files from a number of different
sites or use BitTorrent to get the traffic to flow on multiple links. Go to the Basic > Status page
to view graphs that show the incoming and outgoing traffic for each link..
Note: If you have connectivity issues, clear the ARP caches of your existing network
components such as routers and modems. In some cases, you may need to reboot these
devices.
There are a number of other configuration options available. Please refer to the next chapter,
Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer on page 19, to review these options.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Chapter 3
Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
This chapter describes the configuration tasks you can perform from the Web user interface after you
have completed the installation. The following topics are covered:
Configuring Network Settings............................................................ 19
Configuring the Firewall ................................................................... 21
Creating Custom Applications ........................................................... 24
Managing Bandwidth......................................................................... 24
Outbound Traffic Routing .................................................................. 25
Configuring Virtual Private Networks ............................................... 27
Configuring the DNS Server for Inbound Load Balancing ............... 30
Configuring Administrative Settings .................................................. 35
Configuring Network Settings
This section describes network settings that you can configure using the Web user interface. The
following topics are covered:
Adding, Updating or Viewing WAN Link Configuration ................... 19
Adding a New WAN Link ................................................................... 19
Adding Static Routes .......................................................................... 20
Configuring VLANs............................................................................ 20
Creating IP Aliases............................................................................ 21
Configuring DNS Servers .................................................................. 21
Configuring Per Interface Health Checks ......................................... 21
Configuring the DHCP Server........................................................... 21
Adding, Updating or Viewing WAN Link Configuration
Every WAN link that enters the Barracuda Link Balancer needs to be manually identified. This
information is provided by your Internet Service Provider. Use the Basic > Links page to identify the
links. You can view the configuration information by moving your mouse over the port. To change
or add configuration information, click on the corresponding WAN port on the graphic or the expand
button in the Configure column.
Adding a New WAN Link
There are a few things to remember if you are adding one or more new WAN links to an alreadyconfigured Barracuda Link Balancer. As already mentioned, all links must be configured using the
Basic > Links page.
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
19
New WAN links that are configured correctly are automatically used for outbound link balancing. For
inbound traffic, if the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall is enabled, you can add a NAT rule on the
Firewall > NAT page to map the destination IP address of the traffic on the new link to an internal
service.
WAN IP Impersonation
If the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall is disabled, you can avoid having to update rules on your
network firewall to include the new WAN link by choosing to map the destination IP address of traffic
on the new link to an existing WAN IP address (usually, an address on WAN1). To do this, select the
NAT/Port Forwarding option on the Basic > Links page. Then create a NAT rule on the Firewall > NAT
page to map the destination IP address of the traffic on the new link to an external IP address on an
existing link.
Authoritative DNS
If you are using authoritative DNS to achieve inbound link load balancing, remember to add any new
links with static IP addresses to the list of DNS name servers on the Services > Authoritative DNS
page. See If You Add a WAN Link After the Domains are Created on page 34 for more information.
Adding Static Routes
If you have a separate subnet that needs to be able to use the Internet links that are accessible only
through the Barracuda Link Balancer, add a static route to specify a gateway for the subnet so that the
return traffic can take the correct path. If you have disabled the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall, then
static routes can be added to your network firewall. Otherwise, follow these instructions to add static
routes to the Barracuda Link Balancer:
1. On the Web user interface, go to Advanced > Advanced IP Config. Add the static routes.
2. Test connectivity from each internal network by changing the gateway IP address of a computer
on each subnet to the LAN IP address of the Barracuda Link Balancer. Check that you can
access the Internet from each subnet.
3. When testing is complete, update the configuration of the DHCP server for the clients to give
out the LAN IP address of the Barracuda Link Balancer as the default gateway. As the leases are
renewed, each client will have access to all of the new Internet links.
4. Change the default gateway of any clients with static IP addresses to the LAN IP address of the
Barracuda Link Balancer.
Configuring VLANs
The Barracuda Link Balancer supports the IEEE 802.1Q standard for explicitly tagging Ethernet
frames with VLAN information. Use the Advanced > Advanced IP Config page to identify VLANs.
Then create a virtual interface that associates an IP address and netmask with a VLAN. Traffic sent
to a virtual interface associated with a VLAN will be tagged with the VLAN ID and delivered
correctly.
VLANs may not be on the same subnet.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Creating IP Aliases
You can create virtual interfaces or IP aliases by associating an IP address or subnet with a WAN,
LAN or VLAN. Each IP address and netmask can only be associated with one WAN, LAN or VLAN.
Virtual interfaces are used:
•
•
to associate an IP address range with a VLAN
to associate an externally accessible IP address that is on a different subnet than any WAN link
with a WAN link.
Create IP aliases using the Advanced > Advanced IP Config page.
Configuring DNS Servers
Use the Basic > Links page to set the primary and secondary DNS servers for each WAN link. Your
ISP should provide you with these settings.
Configuring Per Interface Health Checks
Use the Basic > Links page to configure health checks for each link. Multiple methods are supported.
You can enter more than one test target (e.g. resolve the DNS domain names of multiple Web sites)
to be sure that the link is actually down. Link failure is shown on this page and on the Basic > Status
page. Also, if a link fails an SNMP trap will be generated, an email will be sent, and an event will be
logged.
Configuring the DHCP Server
The Barracuda Link Balancer can act as a DHCP server. Use the Services > DHCP Server page to
enable the DHCP server and to configure it.
Configuring the Firewall
The Barracuda Link Balancer can act as a firewall, inspecting network traffic as it arrives and
allowing or denying passage based on a set of rules. These rules include inbound, outbound, 1:1 NAT
and port forwarding rules. Some of this functionality is available even if the firewall is disabled.
This section covers the following topics:
Firewall Functionality ....................................................................... 22
Order of Execution of Firewall Rules................................................ 22
Inbound Firewall Rules ..................................................................... 22
Inbound 1:1 NAT Rules ..................................................................... 22
Port Forwarding Rules ...................................................................... 23
Outbound Firewall Rules ................................................................... 23
Firewall Logging ............................................................................... 23
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
21
Firewall Functionality
Using 1:1 NAT and port forwarding rules, the Barracuda Link Balancer can perform:
•
•
•
•
1:1 NAT - Assign external addresses to internal clients.
Port forwarding (or Port Address Translation) - The traffic to a port across one or multiple links
is directed to an internal client.
Many to 1 NAT - One internal server may receive traffic from more than one WAN link. You can
achieve this by creating 1:1 NAT rules or port forwarding rules.
Port blocking and unblocking.
1:1 NAT and port forwarding rules are executed only if the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall is
enabled or, if not, for any WAN link with the NAT/Port Forwarding option enabled. Even if the rules
are not able to be executed, you can always create rules and save them. This may assist you in
configuring the built-in firewall with minimal disruption to your network.
Inbound and outbound firewall rules allow or deny access to remote networks, clients, services and
ports. Inbound and outbound firewall rules are executed regardless of firewall status.
The Barracuda Link Balancer firewall also assists in preventing and mitigating distributed denial of
service attacks by rate limiting the number of requests that come in to your network.
Order of Execution of Firewall Rules
Firewall rules are arranged in tables from top to bottom in order of precedence. Only the first rule that
matches the profile of the traffic is executed.
Inbound Firewall Rules
By default, all connections that are initiated from outside are denied. Add inbound firewall rules to
allow exceptions for specific IP addresses, ports and applications. Applications let you define rules
that apply to more than one port.
Use the Firewall > Inbound page to create firewall rules for incoming packets. If you want to create
an inbound rule for an application that is not in the list presented when you add the rule, first go to the
Policy > Applications page and define a new application.
Inbound 1:1 NAT Rules
When the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall is enabled, externally reachable servers cannot have
public IP addresses. You will need to reconfigure these servers with private IP addresses. Identify the
public IP addresses as the Additional IP Addresses for a WAN interface that has a static IP address.
Then you can create 1:1 NAT rules to direct traffic to your servers.
You can add the public IP addresses as Additional IP Addresses to more than one WAN interface that
has a static IP address. All incoming traffic will be forwarded according to the rules you create. This
allows traffic to be received by the same internal server from more than one WAN link.
1:1 NAT applies to the IP address only, leaving ports the same on both IP addresses. 1:1 NAT is bidirectional – outbound traffic will include the servers' public IP addresses.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
If the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall is disabled, you can create a NAT rule to map the destination
IP address of the inbound traffic on one WAN link to another WAN link's IP address. This allows you
to add a new WAN link without having to update rules on your network firewall. See Adding,
Updating or Viewing WAN Link Configuration on page 19 for more details.
When a 1:1 NAT rule is created, an inbound firewall rule to accept traffic for the external IP address
is automatically generated. Without this rule, all connections that are initiated from outside are
denied. You can view and change this rule – it has a similar Rule Name – using the Firewall > Inbound
page. You may want to modify that rule to limit access to only those ports or applications that you
want to be publicly accessible.
Use the Firewall > NAT page to create 1:1 NAT rules and port forwarding rules. If you create a 1:1
NAT rule for an address, there is no need to also create a port forwarding rule.
Port Forwarding Rules
Create port forwarding rules to direct traffic on an external port to a port on an internal IP address.
You must specify which WAN link to be used to listen for incoming packets on the port. The return
path is handled automatically.
The listen IP address on a specific WAN interface could either be the WAN IP address or any
Additional IP address on the same WAN interface. A WAN IP address that is used in any port
forwarding rule can not also be used in a 1:1 NAT rule.
You can forward the traffic from a port on multiple WAN links to a port on one internal IP address
by creating a rule for each WAN link.
When you add a port forwarding rule, an inbound firewall rule is created automatically to accept
traffic on the listen link and port for the private IP address of the server. Without this rule, all
connections that are initiated from outside are denied. You can view and change this rule – it has a
similar Rule Name – using the Firewall > Inbound page.
To add a new port forwarding rule, go to the Firewall > NAT page.
Outbound Firewall Rules
By default, all outbound connections are allowed. You can create outbound firewall rules to deny
outbound connectivity. For example, you may want to block access to certain online gaming sites that
use specific ports.
Use the Firewall > Outbound page to create, modify or delete outbound firewall rules. The rules are
arranged in the table from top to bottom in order of precedence. Only the first rule that matches the
profile of the traffic is executed.
If you want to create an outbound rule for an application that is not in the list presented when you add
the rule, go to the Policy > Applications page and define a Custom Application.
Firewall Logging
You can view the firewall log displayed on the Logs > Firewall Log page to see rules that have been
executed and whether the traffic was dropped or allowed. Only rules that have the Log check box
selected in their rule entry (under the Firewall tab) are logged in this way.
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
23
Creating Custom Applications
Use the Policy > Applications page to view and define applications that can be used in firewall and
Quality of Service rules. An application is a combination of a protocol and one or more ports. You
can create new applications or use the predefined ones, such as DNS, email, and HTTP.
Managing Bandwidth
The Barracuda Link Balancer allows you to prioritize and control incoming and outgoing traffic and
link usage in a variety of ways.
This section covers the following topics:
Link Usage for Inbound and Outbound Traffic ................................. 24
Creating Bandwidth or Quality of Service (QoS) Rules.................... 25
Link Usage for Inbound and Outbound Traffic
Outbound Link Balancing
By default, when outbound traffic from a client IP address going to a new destination IP address is
detected, the weights of the links are compared and the link with the highest weight is used. The
weight of a link is the available capacity based on configured link speed and current usage. The weight
for each primary and backup WAN link is calculated on an ongoing and frequent basis.
Inbound Link Balancing
Inbound link balancing and failover are available only if the Barracuda Link Balancer acts as an
authoritative DNS server for domains behind it.
When the Barracuda Link Balancer receives a DNS query for a hosted domain, it returns the IP
address of a WAN link which the client then uses to reach the hosted domain. The algorithm used to
select the returned WAN link is the same as the algorithm used for outbound link balancing.
Grouping WAN Links for Inbound and Outbound Traffic
You can change how frequently WAN links are used by assigning each link to one of three groups for
both inbound and outbound traffic. This feature allows you to reserve links for certain types of traffic
or to use higher cost links only if the lower cost links fail or become saturated.
The supported usage groups are:
•
•
Primary links — used first for link balancing.
Backup links — used only if the primary links are down or if they become saturated. If all
primary links are down or saturated, then traffic is distributed across all available backup links
until the primary links become available.
Private links — used only for traffic that matches IP/Application routing rules or if specified
explicitly in the configuration of a VPN. Private links are not used at all for default outbound or
inbound link balancing. They are used only if explicitly referenced.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
If you want to employ default link balancing policy, where the link with the greatest available
capacity is used, set the usage group for each link to Primary.
To assign each link a usage group, edit the link on the Basic > Links page.
Specifying WAN Link for Outbound Traffic
You can override the link balancing algorithm by creating rules that determine which WAN link
certain kinds of outbound traffic will use. See Specifying the Link Used by Outgoing Traffic on page
26.
Creating Bandwidth or Quality of Service (QoS) Rules
You can create bandwidth rules that specify the priority that the Barracuda Link Balancer gives to
outbound traffic. Bandwidth rules are executed after it has been determined which WAN link the
traffic will use. These rules apply to all traffic, including VPN traffic, regardless of whether the
Barracuda Link Balancer firewall is enabled or not.
Each rule describes a set of traffic based on one or more parameters: source IP address or range,
destination IP address or range, application or applications, time, day of the week, and WAN link. If
the conditions are met, the rule assigns a bandwidth priority and a contention priority.
The bandwidth and contention priority classes are compliant with the DiffServ specification. DiffServ
bits are inserted if the traffic matches the Quality of Service rules on this page. Then, bandwidth and
contention priorities are applied based on those bits, even if they were set by another device. Traffic
that does not have any DiffServ bits set is assigned the Default class.
If the amount of traffic on the network is more than what can be sent, traffic from high priority
applications is allocated a greater share of the bandwidth. The contention priority subdivides traffic
that has the same bandwidth priority level.
Some examples of QoS rules:
•
•
•
•
Give higher priority to traffic originating from a set of IP addresses.
Assign lower priority to FTP traffic so that uploading and downloading of files does not impact
other applications.
Increase the priority of SIP traffic so that calls are not dropped.
Give VPN traffic a high priority. You can do this by creating a rule where the source IP address
is the local VPN endpoint and the destination IP address is the remote VPN endpoint.
Configure QoS rules using the Policy > Bandwidth Mgmt page.
Configure the priority classes for the QoS rules on the Policy > Configuration page. There are 8
classes per WAN link, each consisting of a minimum and maximum value. Traffic with a given class
is guaranteed to get at least the minimum bandwidth and will get up to the maximum if it is available.
Outbound Traffic Routing
By default, all outgoing traffic is link balanced and NAT'd. Also, the source IP address of outgoing
traffic is the WAN link that is used by the traffic. You can create outbound routing rules to modify
these defaults.
This section covers the following topics:
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
25
Specifying the Link Used by Outgoing Traffic................................... 26
Changing the Source IP Address of Outgoing Traffic ....................... 27
Specifying the Link Used by Outgoing Traffic
To exempt outgoing traffic from link balancing and/or NAT'ing, create IP/application rules using the
Policy > Outbound Routing page. IP/application routing rules are based on source IP address,
application, and/or destination IP address.
The IP/application routing rules are executed before the link load balancing algorithm. Traffic that
matches no rule is both link balanced and NAT'd. These rules are executed regardless of the firewall
operating mode.
Examples where IP/application routing rules may be useful include:
•
•
•
•
If you are an ISP with externally accessible IP addresses (ARIN networks) behind the Barracuda
Link Balancer that are not on the same subnet as your WAN interfaces.
If you have subnets that you want to exempt from link balancing.
If you have systems such as mail servers or VPN endpoints that send traffic that must maintain
the original source IP address.
If you have applications that you want to exclude from outgoing link balancing and NAT'ing.
Ping Traffic
To direct ping (ICMP) traffic that originates from behind the Barracuda Link Balancer to use a
specific WAN link:
•
•
Create a ping application using the Policy > Applications page (select ICMP as the protocol, no
port range).
Create one or more IP/application routing rules for the ping application.
As an example, if WAN1 is a private link to an office and WAN2 is a primary link used for other
Internet traffic, make two rules: one that directs ping traffic to the office to use WAN1 and one that
allows all other ping traffic to use WAN2. (Remember that private links are only used if the link is
explicitly referenced).
VPN and Email Rules
During installation, sample disabled IP/application routing rules are automatically created for
outgoing VPN and email traffic to prevent it from being link balanced or NAT'd. To enable those
rules, select the WAN link to be used for the traffic.
If you would like to link balance outgoing email or VPN traffic because you have created a way to
make that acceptable to the receiver, you can leave the rules in their disabled state or delete them. (For
example, you may have created multiple SPF or DNS records for the WAN IP addresses).
Externally Accessible IP Addresses
If you would like to direct traffic from externally accessible IP addresses behind the Barracuda Link
Balancer to the WAN link that is on the same subnet, create one or more rules where those addresses
are the source IP addresses, link balancing and NAT are turned off, and Primary Link is set to Auto.
If you have a network where the externally accessible IP addresses (ARIN networks that are not in
any WAN subnets) can send their traffic on any WAN link, you can create rules so that traffic
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
originating from those addresses can go out without being NAT'ed. Depending on how the ISP's
routers are set up, traffic from these networks can either be link balanced or be bound to one WAN
link. For the latter case, select specific primary and backup links.
Changing the Source IP Address of Outgoing Traffic
To set the source IP address of outgoing traffic to a masquerade IP address, rather than the IP address
of the WAN link, create outbound source NAT rules using the Policy > Outbound Routing page.
Outbound source NAT rules consider source IP address (or range) and, optionally, application and
WAN link. If a rule match occurs, the specified external IP address is used as the source IP address
of the traffic.
The outbound source NAT rules are executed after the WAN link has been determined by the link
load balancing algorithm. They are executed regardless of the firewall operating mode.
The rules are arranged in a table on the Policy > Outbound Routing page in order of precedence from
top to bottom. Only the first rule that matches the profile of the traffic is executed. If the traffic
matches a 1:1 NAT Rule the outbound source NAT rules are ignored.
Configuring Virtual Private Networks
The Barracuda Link Balancer can act as an endpoint in a site-to-site VPN tunnel.
This section covers the following topics:
Site-to-Site VPN Tunnels.................................................................... 27
Creating VPN Tunnels ....................................................................... 28
Creating a VPN in a NAT’d Environment ......................................... 28
Failover and Failback ....................................................................... 29
VPN Tunnel as Failover Link for a Broken Site-to-Site WAN Link... 29
Troubleshooting a VPN Tunnel .......................................................... 29
Site-to-Site VPN Tunnels
You can create a site-to-site VPN tunnel between two Barracuda Link Balancers or between a
Barracuda Link Balancer and another device that supports IPsec.
Networks connected via a tunnel will communicate as if they are on the same network, even though
they are separated by the Internet.
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
27
Figure 3.1: Site-to-Site VPN
The Services > VPN page displays all tunnels and their status. You can add, disable, edit or delete a
tunnel from this page.
Creating VPN Tunnels
When creating a tunnel, make sure that the relevant tunnel parameters on both ends are in sync. If
needed, record the settings on the other endpoint and compare them to the local endpoint. Not
matching the settings between the tunnel endpoints is a common cause of failing to establish a tunnel
successfully.
Many of the tunnel security parameters are advanced settings and have been given reasonable
defaults. If both endpoints are Barracuda Link Balancers use the defaults provided unless you have a
specific reason for changing these settings.
For testing purposes, you may choose to start with a shared secret on both endpoints, but using SSL
certificates is recommended in a production environment. Upload the local and remote certificates
using the Advanced > Certificates page.
Creating a VPN in a NAT’d Environment
If either the Barracuda Link Balancer or the remote endpoint is behind a device such as a firewall
which is NAT'ing traffic, you must enable the NAT-Traversal (NAT-T) option when creating the
VPN tunnel. NAT-T is required to make IPsec and NAT work together. If the option is not enabled,
packets will be dropped by the receiving end.
If the remote endpoint for the VPN is behind a NAT’ing device, enter the IP address for the remote
endpoint in the Remote NAT-T IP field. In this case, the Primary Remote Gateway IP address is the
NAT’ing device.
If only the local Barracuda Link Balancer is behind a NAT’ing device, the Primary Remote Gateway
IP address is the remote endpoint and the Remote NAT-T IP field should be left blank.
In order for NAT-T to work, open UDP port 4500 on the firewall.The VPN log (on the Logs > VPN
Log page) will display which VPN endpoint is NAT’d.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Failover and Failback
When configuring a tunnel you can specify a primary and a backup link. If the primary link fails, the
tunnel will be reestablished using the backup link. When the primary link is restored, the tunnel will
automatically fail back to use the primary link.
VPN Tunnel as Failover Link for a Broken Site-to-Site WAN Link
A VPN tunnel can be configured to act as a failover link replacing a temporarily broken WAN link.
To make use of this feature, it is required to have two Barracuda Link Balancers with disabled
firewalls in both networks which are to be connected through the failover tunnel. Both
Barracuda Link Balancers need to be configured to act as failover WAN endpoints.
To activate the WAN failover, you must select the respective option in the VPN Status configuration
item of a VPN connection on both Barracuda Link Balancers in order to enable the failover tunnel for
WAN1 (or, respectively, one of the other interfaces). If the WAN link fails, the VPN connection will
then be activated. When the WAN link is restored, the VPN connection will no longer be used.
Note: External firewalls must be configured properly to allow the VPN failover tunnel.
To make use this feature, please perform the following configuration tasks:
1. Add an IP/APP rule to send all site-to-site traffic via the WAN link and use the VPN as failover
for this traffic.
2. Add an IP/APP rule to send all remaining traffic via any WAN link but not expect this traffic to
failover to the VPN.
IP/APP rules should be configured as described below to allow this to happen:
•
IP/APP rule #1: Src 192.168.17.0/24, App *, Dst 172.16.1.0/24, LB No, use
MPLS, no Backup, no NAT
•
IP/APP rule #2: Src 192.168.17.0/24, App Ping, Dst 172.16.1.0/24, LB No,
•
IP/APP rule #3: Src 0.0.0.0/0, App *, Dst 0.0.0.0/0, LB No, use DSL, no
use MPLS, no Backup, no NAT
Backup, NAT yes
•
IP/APP rule #4: Src 0.0.0.0/0, App Ping, Dst 0.0.0.0/0, LB No, use DSL, no
Backup, NAT yes
Troubleshooting a VPN Tunnel
If the Barracuda Link Balancer is unable to establish a tunnel then you may be able to discover the
problem by checking the following:
•
•
•
On the Logs > VPN Log page, check the VPN Log to see if anything has been logged about the
cause of the failure.
On the Services > VPN page, click Edit next to the tunnel entry to view the tunnel parameters.
Check that the security and authentication values match the tunnel parameters of the other end
of the tunnel.
Check the link status using the Basic > Status page.
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
29
•
Use the tools on the Advanced > Troubleshooting page, ping the remote gateway and perform
other diagnostics on the network connection.
Configuring the DNS Server for Inbound Load Balancing
Configure the Barracuda Link Balancer as an authoritative DNS Server for your domain or domains
to achieve inbound link load balancing.
This section covers the following topics:
Introduction........................................................................................ 30
DNS Records Time to Live................................................................. 30
Recommended Deployment ................................................................ 31
Split DNS ........................................................................................... 31
DNS Zone Transfer Blocking ............................................................. 31
Becoming an Authoritative DNS Host ............................................... 31
If You Add a WAN Link After the Domains are Created ................... 34
Zones and Domains ........................................................................... 34
DNS Records...................................................................................... 35
Introduction
The Barracuda Link Balancer can act as an authoritative DNS server, returning definitive answers to
DNS queries about domain names installed in its configuration. This allows you to define one or more
domains that are accessible via more than one WAN link. When asked to resolve a host, the Barracuda
Link Balancer will return one of the IP addresses of the available WAN links. This provides two
benefits:
•
•
Failover - If one WAN link goes down, the domain is still available via one of the other WAN
links.
Incoming link balancing - Incoming traffic to the domain will be spread across all links that you
configure for that domain.
Only WAN links with static IP addresses can be advertised to respond to DNS queries. However, you
can accept traffic on any of your WAN links for a domain configured on the Barracuda Link Balancer.
DNS resource records describe the hosts and name servers and other attributes of the domain.
Following the instructions provided here and using the user interface of the Barracuda Link Balancer,
you can create the records that describe the domain or domains that are hosted on the LAN side of the
Barracuda Link Balancer. The supported DNS resource records are described in the section DNS
Records on page 35
DNS Records Time to Live
As already mentioned, making the Barracuda Link Balancer the authoritative DNS server for the
domains that are behind it increases the availability of your hosted servers. When asked for the IP
address of a hostname, the Barracuda Link Balancer returns a DNS A record that contains the IP
address of one of your WAN links. Every DNS record has a TTL (Time to Live) value. TTL is the
length of time that the DNS record may be cached. For most DNS records, two days is a typical and
acceptable value. However, A records should have a very short TTL - we recommend 30 seconds. If
a WAN link fails, its address will no longer be returned, so the inbound traffic to this host will not be
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
disrupted. A short TTL value for this record ensures that the cached address for the failed link times
out quickly.
Specifying a short TTL for A records also assists in link balancing. Because the address for a host that
is returned varies among the available links, the short TTL guarantees that the link used for incoming
traffic directed to that host also varies frequently.
Recommended Deployment
We recommend that you take advantage of this feature if you are hosting services such as Web
servers, VPNs and email that are name based. This increases the availability of your services and
provides a way to do inbound link balancing.
Split DNS
The Barracuda Link Balancer supports a split DNS infrastructure. If the same hostname is used for a
resource that is accessible both internally and externally, internal network clients receive the internal
IP address and external clients receive the external IP address when they ask for the address of that
hostname. Specifically, the A record for the hostname includes two views, one with the internal IP
address and one with the external IP address. In this way, clients only see the address that they should
use.
Details of how to make this work can be found in Step 3 - Set up DNS for Internal Clients on page 33.
The split DNS infrastructure handles accessing resources using a hostname. What about accessing
externally accessible resources using an IP address? If local clients use external IP addresses to access
internal servers, the Barracuda Link Balancer translates the address and properly forwards those
requests back to internal servers.
DNS Zone Transfer Blocking
The Barracuda Link Balancer can be configured to block zone transfers on some or all of the domains
that it hosts. An AXFR/IXFR query that is sent from another DNS server to the Barracuda Link
Balancer (to request a copy of the DNS records) is rejected if zone transfers are disabled for that
domain. By default, zone transfers are enabled for all domains created.
Becoming an Authoritative DNS Host
Table 3.1 provides an overview of the steps required to make the Barracuda Link Balancer an
Authoritative DNS host.
Table 3.1: Configuration Steps
Step
Explanation
Enable authoritative DNS on the Barracuda Link
Balancer.
Identify which WAN links are to be used as Name
Servers.
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
31
Table 3.1: Configuration Steps
Step
Explanation
Create the Domain
Define one or more domains on the Barracuda Link
Balancer.
Set up and test DNS for Internal Clients.
Make your internal DNS server forward queries to
the Barracuda Link Balancer. Configure split DNS.
Add DNS records.
For Web servers and email servers.
Delegate your domain to the Barracuda Link
Balancer from your registration service.
Tell the Internet that your domain exists or has
changed.
Test external access.
Step 1 - Enable Authoritative DNS on the Barracuda Link Balancer
Go to the Services > Authoritative DNS page and enable Authoritative DNS and each of the WAN
links in the table of DNS Server Listen Links. This table includes all WAN links with static IP
addresses (configured on the Basic > Links page). You can change the value for the Name Server for
each link or keep the default. The Name Server value is used as a label for NS records for all the
domains. Enter an unqualified name, for example, ns1
Step 2 - Create one or more Domains
Check that the value for Default Domain specified on the Basic > IP Configuration page is accurate.
If the built-in firewall is enabled, and if you have created 1:1 NAT rules and/or port forwarding rules,
make sure that they use the correct hostname. You can look at those rules on the Firewall >
Authoritative DNS page.
On the Services > Authoritative DNS page create the domain. When you have done this, you should
see that the following records are created:
•
•
•
Start of Authority (SOA) record
Name Server (NS) record. One NS record for each name server in the DNS Server Listen Links
table is generated.
Address (A) record - One A record is created for each name server in the DNS Server Listen
Links table. An A record is also created for each matching hostname found in 1:1 NAT and Port
Forwarding rules, as described in the next section.
If the Barracuda Link Balancer has the firewall enabled:
• When you create a new domain, the Barracuda Link Balancer looks for existing 1:1 NAT and
port forwarding rules that include names in the Hostname field that have a domain suffix that is
the same as the newly created domain name.
• Or, if you create a domain that is the same as your default domain (as specified on the Basic > IP
Configuration page), the Barracuda Link Balancer looks for rules that have hostnames that do
not appear to be fully qualified domain names.
• In either case, an A record for each matching rule, including both external and internal
addresses, will be automatically created for each hostname.
The DNS records are created with typical default values. You can see all of the values for each record
and change them by clicking Edit next to the record in the DNS Records section.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Step 3 - Set up DNS for Internal Clients
If you have an internal DNS server, configure it to forward queries to the LAN IP address of the
Barracuda Link Balancer.
If the built-in firewall of the Barracuda Link Balancer is enabled:
As already described, when you create a new domain, the Barracuda Link Balancer looks for existing
1:1 NAT and port forwarding rules that include names in the Hostname field that have appear to be
relevant and creates an A record for each matching rule, including both external and internal
addresses.
In some cases, this mapping will not reflect your configuration. Using an internal network client, try
to access a hostname for a resource that is available both internally and externally. If the test fails, edit
the A record for the unresolved hostname. The DNS Record page will appear. In the IP Addresses
table, add addresses to the Local Network column to be used in response to internal DNS queries.
If the built-in firewall of the Barracuda Link Balancer is disabled:
The Barracuda is not able to derive internal a mapping between external and internal addresses if the
firewall is disabled. If you want internal addresses to be served, edit the A record for the hostname of
each resource that is available both internally and externally. The DNS Record page will appear. In
the IP Addresses table, add addresses to the Local Network column to be used in response to internal
DNS queries.
Using an internal network client, test your changes by trying to access the resource using its hostname.
Step 4 - Add More DNS Records
Add more DNS records to your domain(s) to match your configuration. For example, each email
server needs an MX record and a corresponding A record. Each Web server needs an A record.
If you have externally reachable IP addresses that are not tied to any interface, such as ARIN
networks, create an A record for each one:
•
•
If the address is not routed through the Barracuda Link Balancer, select CUSTOM in the Links
list.
If the address is routed through the Barracuda Link Balancer, select ANY in the Links list.
Step 5 - Update Your Domain Registrar
If you haven't already registered your domain name, register it with a domain name registrar like
GoDaddy.com or register.com. Make the NS records of the domain point to your static WAN IP
addresses.
If your domain name is already registered, contact your registrar to update the NS records of the
domain to point to your static WAN IP addresses. Remove records that reference the domain or
domains that are now delegated to the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Hosting a sub-domain
If your domain is hosted at your ISP or elsewhere and you want to delegate a sub-domain to be
resolved by the Barracuda Link Balancer, you will have to add some records to the zone file of the
domain where it is stored at the registrar. If the domain is example.com, and you want to host
my.example.com and you have two name servers ns1 and ns2, add these lines, using the actual IP
addresses of your name servers:
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
33
my
IN
NS
ns1
my
IN
NS
ns2
ns1
IN
A
216.101.241.181
ns2
IN
A
192.0.2.2
Then you can create the my.example.com. domain on the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Step 6 - Test
From a host on the Internet, run nslookup on your domain name(s). The returned IP addresses should
be the IP addresses of your WAN listen links.
Depending on the change, it may take some time for your changes to be noted throughout the Internet,
depending on how long the various resolvers cache DNS responses. For example, it may take a day
before a new domain name is accessible via the Internet. If a domain name was previously registered
and the DNS record is modified, any server on the Internet that has the previous information will not
get the update until the TTL of the original record has passed.
If You Add a WAN Link After the Domains are Created
If, after creating your domains, you add a new WAN link, complete these steps to use the new link
for DNS queries (static links only) and inbound link balancing:
1. Go to the Services > Authoritative DNS page.
2. If this is a static link and you want it to be used to respond to DNS queries:
• Identify the new link as a DNS Server Listen Link and assign it a Name Server label.
• For each domain that is already defined, add a new NS record and a new A record to each
domain for the new link.
3. Edit the A records for your servers to enable inbound traffic to be received on the new link for
the corresponding internal servers. Specifically, when you edit the A record, on the DNS Record
page you can select the new WAN link from the Links list and add it to the A record.
Zones and Domains
A domain name server stores information about part of the domain name space called a zone. All
names in a given zone share the same domain suffix. For example, if barracuda.com is the domain
suffix, mail.barracuda.com and eng.barracuda.com are possible sub-domains. These may be all
served by one domain name server or some of the sub-domains may be delegated to other domain
name servers. Every domain or sub-domain is in exactly one zone.
Rather than make a distinction between a zone and a domain, the user interface of the Barracuda Link
Balancer simply asks you to create a domain.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
DNS Records
DNS Records Generated when Creating a Domain
When you create a domain on the Barracuda Link Balancer the following records are automatically
generated:
•
•
•
Start of Authority (SOA) record - The SOA record defines the global parameters for the hosted
domain or zone. Only one SOA record is allowed per hosted domain or zone.
Name Server (NS) record - NS records specify the authoritative name servers for this domain.
One NS record for each name server in the DNS Server Listen Links table is generated.
Address (A) record - A records map a hostname to an IP address. Each host inside the domain
should be represented by an A record. One A record is created for each name server in the DNS
Server Listen Links table. An A record is also created for each matching domain name found in
1:1 NAT and Port Forwarding rules.
Additional DNS Records
Once a zone has been created, you can edit the above records or add NS, A and any of the following
records to a zone:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Mail Exchanger (MX) record - MX records point to the email servers that are responsible for
handling email for a given domain. There should be an MX record for each email server,
including backup email servers if they exist. If an email server lies within the domain it requires
an A record for each name server. If the email server is outside the domain, specify the FQDN of
the server, ending with a dot. Example: mail.my-isp.net.
Text (TXT) record - Text records allow text to be associated with a name. This can be used to
specify Sender Policy Framework (SPF) or DomainKeys records for the domain.
Canonical Name (CNAME) record - A CNAME record provides a mapping between this alias
and the true, or canonical, hostname of the computer. It is commonly used to hide changes to the
internal DNS structure. External users can use an unchanging alias while the internal names are
updated. If the real server is outside the domain, specify the FQDN of the server, ending with a
dot. Example: server1.my-isp.net. If a domain name has a CNAME record associated with it,
then it can not have any other record types. Do not use CNAME defined hostnames in MX
records.
Service (SRV) record - Service records are used to store the location of newer protocols, such as
SIP, LDAP, IMAP and HTTP.
Pointer (PTR) record - PTR records point to a canonical name. The most common use is to
provide a way to associate a domain name with an IP address.
Other (OTHER) record - Use an OTHER record to add a type of DNS record that is not
supported, such as NAPTR.
More information about these records and their attributes can be found in the online help.
Configuring Administrative Settings
This section describes the configuration tasks you can perform from the Web user interface. The
following topics are covered:
Controlling Access to the Web User Interface................................... 36
Changing the Default Password ........................................................ 36
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
35
Setting Email Addresses for Alerts .................................................... 36
Customizing the Appearance of the Web User Interface ................... 36
Setting the Time Zone of the System .................................................. 36
Enabling SSL for Administration....................................................... 37
Controlling Access to the Web User Interface
To control access to the Web user interface, navigate to the Basic > Administration page. It allows
you to perform the following tasks:
•
•
•
•
Allow or deny administration access using the WAN interfaces. Denying access from the WAN
interfaces is one way to prevent brute force login attacks on your system. You cannot disable
administration access via the LAN.
Specify the IP addresses or subnet masks of the systems that can access the Web user interface.
Attempts to log in from other systems will be denied.
Change the HTTP port used to access the Web user interface (default is port 8000).
Change the length of time of inactivity allowed until the administrator is logged out of the Web
user interface.
Changing the Default Password
To prevent unauthorized use, change the default administrator password for the Web user interface to
a more secure password using the Basic > Administration page.
Setting Email Addresses for Alerts
Alert emails are generated automatically by the Barracuda Link Balancer to notify you when, for
example, a link is down or if your system is low on disk space. Every SNMP trap (except for the
WANx saturated trap) generated causes an email to be sent. Specify the email address that is sent
alerts from the Barracuda Link Balancer using the Basic > Administration page. To enter multiple
addresses, separate each address with a comma. Alert emails, if any have been generated, are sent
hourly.
On the Basic > IP Configuration page, enter the default hostname and default domain name of the
Barracuda Link Balancer. The default hostname and the default domain name are displayed in all alert
emails sent by the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Customizing the Appearance of the Web User Interface
Use the Advanced > Appearance page to customize the default images used on the Web user
interface. This tab is only displayed on certain Barracuda Link Balancer models.
Setting the Time Zone of the System
Use the Basic > Administration page to set the time zone of your Barracuda Link Balancer. The
current time on the system is automatically updated via Network Time Protocol (NTP).
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
It is important that the time zone is set correctly because this information is used to coordinate traffic
distribution and in all logs and reports. If two Barracuda Link Balancers are to be clustered, the time
zone must be the same on both before the cluster can be created.
Note: The Barracuda Link Balancer automatically reboots when you change the timezone.
Enabling SSL for Administration
You can choose to require that only secure SSL connections can access the Web user interface. SSL
ensures that your passwords and the rest of the data transmitted to and received from the Web user
interface are encrypted. The Advanced > Secure Administration page allows you to configure SSL.
In order to only allow secured connections when accessing the Web user interface, you need to supply
a digital SSL certificate which will be stored on the Barracuda Link Balancer. This certificate is used
as part of the connection process between client and server (in this case, a browser and the Web user
interface on the Barracuda Link Balancer). The certificate contains the server name, the trusted
certificate authority, and the server’s public encryption key.
The SSL certificate which you supply may be either private or trusted. A private, or self-signed,
certificate provides strong encryption without the cost of purchasing a certificate from a trusted
certificate authority (CA). However, the client Web browser will be unable to verify the authenticity
of the certificate and a warning will be sent about the unverified certificate. To avoid this warning,
download the Private Root Certificate and import it into each browser that accesses the Barracuda
Link Balancer Web user interface. You may create your own private certificate using the Advanced
> Secure Administration page.
Instead of a private certification, you may also use the default pre-loaded Barracuda Networks
certificate. The client Web browser will display a warning because the hostname of this certificate is
“barracuda.barracudanetworks.com” and it is not a trusted certificate. Because of this, access to the
Web user interface using the default certificate may be less secure.
A trusted certificate is a certificate signed by a trusted certificate authority (CA). The benefit of this
certificate type is that the signed certificate is recognized by the browser as trusted, thus preventing
the need for manual download of the Private Root Certificate. Use the Advanced > Secure
Administration page to create a Certificate Signing Request which you can submit to a Certificate
Authority to purchase a trusted certificate.
Chapter 3: Configuring the Barracuda Link Balancer
37
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Chapter 4
Creating a High Availability Environment
This chapter describes how to create a high availability environment by clustering two Barracuda
Link Balancers. It includes the following topics:
Overview ............................................................................................ 39
Planning Your High Availability Deployment.................................... 42
Creating a Cluster ............................................................................. 44
Removing a System from a Cluster.................................................... 46
Updating Firmware on Clustered Systems ........................................ 46
Overview
The High Availability option allows you to link two Barracuda Link Balancers as a clustered activepassive pair. Both systems are connected to the WAN links, but only one is actively processing traffic
at any time. The two systems continuously share almost all configuration settings and monitor each
other’s health.
If clustering two Barracuda Link Balancers is not a viable option, as an alternative, consider
configuring Ethernet Passthrough. This feature is only available on certain models.
Ethernet Passthrough
If Ethernet Passthrough is configured and if the Barracuda Link Balancer fails, all traffic from WAN1
will be passed directly to the LAN. Do not enable this feature in these cases:
•
•
If your network is relying on the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall to perform IP or port address
translation for internal IP addresses.
If you have clustered systems, because the passive system will take over if this system fails.
Configure the Ethernet Passthrough option by using the Advanced > High Availability page.
Operation of High Availability (HA)
The active system in a clustered pair handles all of the traffic until one of the following components
experiences a failure or an outage:
•
•
•
Its connection to the LAN.
All of its WAN links (administrator configurable option).
The Barracuda Link Balancer itself.
When one of these conditions is detected, the passive system becomes active and link balances the
traffic from the WAN links.
Chapter 4: Creating a High Availability Environment
39
Clustered Barracuda Link Balancers communicate according to the Virtual Router Redundancy
Protocol (VRRP) specification. Both are configured with a single virtual IP address called the VRRP
virtual IP address. This address is serviced only by the active system. If the Barracuda Link Balancer
firewall is enabled, then the VRRP virtual IP address is the default gateway for devices on the LAN.
In the event of a system failure, the other system in the cluster will assume the VRRP virtual IP
address and take on the role of the active system in the cluster. An alert message will be sent to the
administrator.
It is recommended that you use the VRRP virtual IP address to manage the Barracuda Link Balancer
since that always points to the active system. Changes will automatically be propagated to the passive
system.
Physical Connectivity of the Clustered Systems
All Barracuda Link Balancer cluster pairs may be linked using the LAN interface. Certain models also
support a LAN2 interface: if there is a physical LAN port on the front panel, the Ethernet port on the
back is the LAN2 port.
Figure 4.1: Front panel of a Barracuda Link Balancer with LAN port
Figure 4.2: Back panel of the Barracuda Link Balancer
Linking the two systems using the LAN2 port ensures that communication between the two systems
will not be delayed or compromised by other traffic on the LAN. It increases the reliability of the
connection between the two systems and may reduce the time required for failover to occur.
Use a crossover cable between the LAN2 ports to connect the two systems. The LAN2 IP addresses
must be on the same subnet.
Requirements for Clustered Systems
Before joining two systems together, each Barracuda Link Balancer must meet the following
requirements:
•
•
40
Be model 330 or higher.
Be the same model as the other Barracuda Link Balancer.
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
•
•
Be activated and on the same version of firmware. The High Availability capability is only
available on firmware 2.x and later.
Be able to reach the other Barracuda Link Balancer on the LAN interface. This last requirement
applies only if you do not plan to use the LAN2 port for clustering.
Synchronization of Data Between Clustered Systems
When two Barracuda Link Balancers are initially joined, most configuration data, such as WAN
settings, firewall rules, VPN settings and operating mode, is copied from the primary system in the
cluster to the backup system (the system that joins the cluster). This configuration data is
synchronized between the systems on an ongoing basis.
However, these configuration data are unique and are not synchronized between the two systems:
•
•
•
•
LAN IP address, LAN2 IP address, DNS servers, default domain and time zone.
System password, time zone and Web interface HTTP port, as configured on the Basic >
Administration page.
All parameters on the Advanced > Appearance page.
The HTTPS port and SSL certificate used to access the Web interface, as configured on the
Advanced > Secure Administration page.
Failover and Failback
There is an automatic failback option that can be configured if you want the originally active
(primary) system to resume link balancing upon its recovery after a failover. This option can be found
on the Advanced > High Availability page. Alternatively, you can manually switch to the primary
system using the Failback command that is available on the same page.
Chapter 4: Creating a High Availability Environment
41
Planning Your High Availability Deployment
Extra equipment may be needed to support the clustered Barracuda Link Balancers.You may need to
add switches so that the WAN links can connect to two systems. If deploying in front of an existing
firewall, you will need to add a switch between the Barracuda Link Balancers and the firewall (or two
switches for dual firewalls).
The following figures show examples of deployments of a pair of clustered Barracuda Link Balancers
with two clustered firewalls, with one firewall and with no external firewall.
In Front of Single Network Firewall
Figure 4.3 shows two Barracuda Link Balancers deployed with one network firewall. The LAN IP
addresses of the two Barracuda Link Balancers and the VRRP virtual IP address must all be on the
same subnet.
Figure 4.3: Deployment Example - Single Firewall
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
In Front of Dual Network Firewalls
Figure 4.4 shows two Barracuda Link Balancers and two clustered firewalls. The LAN IP addresses
of the two Barracuda Link Balancers and the VRRP virtual IP address must all be on the same subnet.
Figure 4.4: Deployment Example - Dual Firewalls
Chapter 4: Creating a High Availability Environment
43
No External Firewalls
Figure 4.5 shows two Barracuda Link Balancers with the firewall enabled. As in the other
deployment examples, the LAN IP addresses of the two Barracuda Link Balancers and the VRRP
virtual IP address must all be on the same subnet. Note that only in this example the VRRP virtual IP
address is the default gateway for devices on the LAN.
If you are adding a second Barracuda Link Balancer to a network where the gateway of the client
devices were already configured to use the LAN IP address of the first Barracuda Link Balancer, you
can assign a new LAN IP address to that Barracuda Link Balancer, and use its original LAN IP
address as the VRRP virtual IP address.
Figure 4.5: Deployment Example - No External Firewall
Creating a Cluster
These instructions describe how to deploy a pair of Barracuda Link Balancers in a cluster. You can
also find detailed configuration steps and descriptions of clustering parameters in the online help of
the Web interface.
Prior to clustering the Barracuda Link Balancers, you should first place the systems into their
production IP address range. This will allow you to avoid having to reconfigure the cluster later
because of an IP address change.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Step 1: Complete Installation Process for Both Systems
To prepare the Barracuda Link Balancers for clustering, put both systems in the production location
on the network. Complete the following steps:
1. If the primary system is a brand new, unconfigured system, then you will need to completely
install, configure and test the primary system as described in Installing the Barracuda Link
Balancer on page 7.
If the primary system is already configured and operational, update its firmware. If the firewall
is enabled, change its LAN IP address to a new value. The original LAN IP address will be used
as the VRRP virtual IP address.
2. On the backup system:
• Configure a WAN link and connect to the Internet.
• Activate the system (Basic > Status).
• Configure the LAN IP address, LAN2 IP address (optional) and the default domain
(Basic > IP Configuration).
• Set the time zone to be the same as that of the primary system (Basic > Administration).
• Update the firmware (Advanced > Firmware Update).
• Connect to the LAN.
• If using the LAN2 ports, connect them using a crossover cable.
Step 2: Create the Cluster
Navigate to the Advanced > High Availability page on both systems and perform the following steps:
1. On the primary system, enter values into the fields in the Cluster Settings section, and save your
changes.
2. On the backup system, enter the same values for the cluster settings and save your changes. In
the Clustered Systems section, enter the LAN2 IP address of the primary system (if it is to be
used) or the LAN IP address of the primary system and click Join Cluster. The backup system
will reboot.
3. When the backup system comes back up, refresh the Advanced > High Availability page on both
systems and verify that
• Each system’s LAN or LAN2 IP address appears in the Clustered Systems table.
• The status of each system is green.
The systems are now joined. The shared configuration settings of the primary system (as listed in
Synchronization of Data Between Clustered Systems on page 41) will be copied to the secondary
system, and each system will begin monitoring the health of the other system.
Step 3: Connect WAN Links and Test
Connect all WAN links to the backup Barracuda Link Balancer.
To test the clustering capability, power off the active system. The backup system should take over the
link balancing function. Power the system back on to test automatic failback.
If you chose the option to failover if all WAN links are down, then test this by removing the WAN
links from the active system.
Chapter 4: Creating a High Availability Environment
45
Step 4: Put in Production
From now on, always use the VRRP virtual IP address to manage the Barracuda Link Balancer so that
you can be sure that any changes that you make will occur immediately on the active system.
Removing a System from a Cluster
You can find detailed instructions to separate clustered Barracuda Link Balancers in the online help.
The system that is to be removed from the cluster must have its cluster settings erased and its network
links disconnected. If another system is not taking its place in the cluster, the remaining system should
have its cluster settings removed, and possibly also have its LAN IP address changed to what had been
the VRRP virtual IP address.
Use the LAN IP addresses of the Barracuda Link Balancers to access their Web interfaces while
separating them. As soon as one system is removed from the cluster the VRRP virtual IP address will
not be usable.
Updating Firmware on Clustered Systems
In order to ensure that the transfer of control from one system to the other does not happen while a
firmware update is in process, you must disable automatic failback on the Advanced > High
Availability page before attempting to update the firmware on either system. We recommend that you
update the firmware on the passive system first, and then update the firmware on the active system.
Enable automatic failback again, if desired, after both systems have been updated and are back online.
46
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Chapter 5
Monitoring the System
This chapter describes the tasks you can do to check on the performance of the Barracuda Link
Balancer. This section covers the following topics:
Checking Status.................................................................................. 47
Viewing Logs...................................................................................... 47
Using a Syslog Server to Centrally Monitor System Logs ................ 48
SNMP Monitoring .............................................................................. 48
System Reports................................................................................... 49
Viewing System Tasks......................................................................... 50
Checking Status
Check the Basic > Status page for an overview of the health and performance of your Barracuda Link
Balancer, including:
•
•
•
•
Utilization and status of the links.
The subscription status of Energize Updates.
System and hardware statistics, including CPU temperature and system load. Performance
statistics displayed in red signify that the value exceeds the normal threshold.
Incoming and outgoing traffic statistics for each WAN link.
You can also view WAN link utilization and connection status by scrolling over the WAN port
graphic on the Basic > Links page. View the status of VPN tunnels using the Services > VPN page.
Viewing Logs
The Barracuda Link Balancer provides three types of logs under the Logs tab:
•
•
•
Event Log - general system events.
Firewall Log - firewall events.
VPN Log - information about VPN tunnels.
Using the Web user interface, you can delete the log, filter the log entries that are displayed or export
them to a CSV file.
View the system log displayed on the Logs > Event Log page to see events that have occurred. These
include:
•
•
•
Link status - A WAN link has become active or gone down; a link could not be detected.
DHCP events - An IP address was handed out.
Failed login attempts.
Chapter 5: Monitoring the System
47
If the Barracuda Link Balancer firewall is enabled, you can view the firewall log on the Logs >
Firewall Log page to see rules that have been executed and whether the traffic was dropped or allowed.
Only rules that have the Log check box selected in their rule entry (under the Firewall tab) are logged
in this way.
Check recent VPN tunnel activity by using the Logs > VPN Log page.
When any of these logs reaches their predetermined size a new log is started.
To have these logs emailed or sent to an FTP or SMB server on a regular basis, use the Basic >
Reports page (models 330 and above).
Using a Syslog Server to Centrally Monitor System Logs
Syslog is a standard UNIX/Linux tool for logging messages and is available on all UNIX/Linux
systems. The Barracuda Link Balancer writes to the syslog for link and system events. Use the
Advanced > Syslog page to specify servers to which syslog data is sent.
SNMP Monitoring
Your SNMP monitor or other network management program can query the Barracuda Link Balancer
SNMP agent for WAN link traffic statistics, amount of traffic going to and from the LAN, and
hardware status. You can also receive SNMP traps that are generated if the WAN links become
unavailable or if the Barracuda Link Balancer exceeds certain thresholds such as disk space usage.
To allow SNMP access to the Barracuda Link Balancer, navigate to the Basic > Administration page.
On that page you can:
•
•
•
•
•
Configure the Barracuda Link Balancer to accept and respond to SNMP queries.
Update the SNMP community string.
Set the SNMP version. Version 2c and version 3 are supported.
Enter a range of IP addresses that are allowed to connect to the Barracuda Link Balancer using
SNMP.
Configure IP addresses that will be sent SNMP traps.
An SNMP monitor can access the Barracuda Link Balancer via any of the WAN or LAN IP addresses,
although using the LAN is recommended in case one of the WAN links goes down.
Obtain and import these two MIB files to your SNMP monitor:
•
•
The Barracuda Link Balancer MIB
The Barracuda Reference MIB (standard across all Barracuda Networks products).
The MIB files are located on the Barracuda Link Balancer and can be obtained by replacing [LB IP]
in the following URLs with a management IP address of your Barracuda Link Balancer:
•
•
48
http://[LB IP]:8000/Barracuda-BWB-MIB.txt
http://[LB IP]:8000/Barracuda-REF-MIB.txt
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
SNMP Traps
An SNMP trap is generated by the Barracuda Link Balancer SNMP agent every five minutes if one
of the following conditions is noted:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CPU temperature exceeded its threshold.
System temperature exceeded its threshold.
CPU fan is dead.
System fan is dead.
Firmware storage exceeded its threshold.
Log storage utilization exceeded its threshold.
WANx is down.
WANx is up.
WANx reached configured saturation threshold.
A high availability state change occurred.
Traps are sent to the SNMP trap receivers that are specified on the Basic > Administration page.
When any of these events is first noted, an email alert is sent to the system alerts email address
specified on the Basic > Administration page. If an error condition continues to be detected, an email
is sent every hour to the same email address.
System Reports
Note: Reporting is only available on models 330 and above.
Use the BASIC > Reports page to choose from a variety of information that can help you keep track
of activity performed by the Barracuda Link Balancer. You can either generate a report on-demand
for instant viewing or you can automatically generate scheduled reports for later delivery.
Reports can include any of the following trends:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The average bandwidth usage by hour
The total traffic by date
The total link uptime by date
The average VPN bandwidth usage by hour
The VPN traffic by date
The average TCP connections per hour
The TCP connections by date
Reports can also include any of the following logs:
•
•
•
•
•
Inbound link balancing
Firewall activity
VPN activity
Link failover events
Device failover events
Chapter 5: Monitoring the System
49
The Report Options section allows you to choose the criteria for compiling the report data, as well as
layout and output options. You can define a time frame for the report, select the interface links and
VPN tunnels to include, and choose to analyze inbound traffic, outbound traffic, or both. It is also
possible to select a layout for the graphical charts (available are lines, horizontal or vertical bars, or
pie charts) as well as one of the offered output formats HTML, PDF, plain text, or comma-separated
CSV.
Trend graphs can be selected to be included into the report as well as a choice of activity log
summaries.
Note: If any VPN information was selected to be included with the report, the report can not
be scheduled or executed without adding at least one VPN tunnel.
After making your choices, you may either execute report generation at once by saving the screen
now, or you may schedule it for later and/or repeating execution by filling in the fields in the Schedule
Report section. There, you start by filling in a report group name, followed by selecting your delivery
options where you may either choose e-mail as the transport method, or an external server for FTPing
or SMBing it. If you choose the latter, you will see a couple more fields in which you must provide
the external server’s IP address or hostname and the user credentials.
Once a report was scheduled, it will be listed in the Scheduled Reports section below from where it
can be edited, disabled or deleted.
Viewing System Tasks
Go to the Advanced > Task Manager page to see a list of tasks that are in the process of being
performed and any errors encountered when performing these tasks. Background tasks include
firmware download and configuration restoration.
50
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Chapter 6
Maintaining the Barracuda Link Balancer
This chapter describes how to maintain the Barracuda Link Balancer. The following topics are
covered:
Backing up and Restoring Your System Configuration ..................... 51
Updating the Firmware of Your Barracuda Link Balancer............... 51
Replacing a Failed System ................................................................ 51
Reloading, Restarting, and Shutting Down the System ..................... 52
Using the Built-in Troubleshooting Tools .......................................... 53
Rebooting the System in Recovery Mode........................................... 53
Backing up and Restoring Your System Configuration
Back up and restore the configuration of your Barracuda Link Balancer using the Advanced > Backup
page. You should back up your system on a regular basis in case you need to restore this information
on a replacement Barracuda Link Balancer or in the event the current system data becomes corrupt.
If you are restoring a backup file on a new Barracuda Link Balancer that is not configured, first enter
the new system’s IP address and DNS information on the Basic > IP Configuration page.
The following information is not included in the backup file:
•
•
•
System password
System IP information
DNS information
Updating the Firmware of Your Barracuda Link Balancer
The Advanced > Firmware Update page allows you to manually update the firmware version of the
system or revert to a previous version. The only time you should revert back to an old firmware
version is if you recently downloaded a new version that is causing unexpected problems. In this case,
call Barracuda Networks Technical Support before reverting back to a previous firmware version.
If there is a more recent firmware version available than what is already installed, the Download Now
button will be enabled.
Applying a new firmware version will result in a short service outage.
Replacing a Failed System
Before you replace your Barracuda Link Balancer, use the tools provided on the Advanced >
Troubleshooting page to try to resolve the problem.
Chapter 6: Maintaining the Barracuda Link Balancer
51
In the event that a Barracuda Link Balancer fails and you cannot resolve the issue, customers that have
purchased the Instant Replacement service can call Technical Support and arrange for a new unit to
be shipped out within 24 hours.
After receiving the new system, ship the old Barracuda Link Balancer back to Barracuda Networks at
the address below with an RMA number marked clearly on the package. Barracuda Networks
Technical Support can provide details on the best way to return the unit.
Barracuda Networks
3175 S. Winchester Blvd.
Campbell, CA 95008
Note: To set up the new Barracuda Link Balancer so it has the same configuration as your old
failed system, restore the backup file from the old system onto the new system, and then
manually configure the new system’s IP information on the Basic > IP Configuration page. For
information on restoring data, refer to Backing up and Restoring Your System Configuration
on page 51.
Reloading, Restarting, and Shutting Down the System
The System Reload/Shutdown section on the Basic > Administration page allows you to shutdown,
restart, and reload system configuration on the Barracuda Link Balancer.
Shutting down the system powers off the unit. Restarting the system reboots the unit. Reloading the
system re-applies the system configuration.
You can also reboot the Barracuda Link Balancer by pressing RESET on the front panel of the
Barracuda Link Balancer.
Do not press and hold the RESET button for more than a couple of seconds. Holding it for five seconds
or longer changes the IP address of the system. See Using the Reset Button to Reset the LAN IP
address on page 52 for more information.
Using the Reset Button to Reset the LAN IP address
The Barracuda Link Balancer is assigned a default LAN IP address of 192.168.200.200. You can
change this IP address in one of three ways:
•
•
•
navigate using the Web user interface to the Basic > IP Configuration page
connect a VGA monitor and a keyboard to the back of the Barracuda Link Balancer and using
the Administrative Console (username admin, password admin)
or press the RESET button on the front panel.
Pressing RESET for five seconds sets the LAN IP address to 192.168.200.200. Pressing RESET eight
seconds changes the LAN IP address to 192.168.1.200. Pressing the button for 12 seconds changes
the LAN IP address to 10.1.1.200. You will notice the three LEDs on the front panel flash at the same
time intervals.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Using the Built-in Troubleshooting Tools
The Advanced > Troubleshooting page provides various tools that help troubleshoot network
connectivity issues that may be impacting the performance of your Barracuda Link Balancer. You can
perform a number of connectivity tests such as ping, telnet, dig/nslookup, TCP dump, and traceroute.
Barracuda Networks Technical Support may ask you to make a connection to Barracuda Central so
they can help diagnose problems on your system.
Rebooting the System in Recovery Mode
If your Barracuda Link Balancer experiences a serious issue that impacts its core functionality, you
can use diagnostic and recovery tools that are available at the reboot menu to return your system to
an operational state.
Before you use the diagnostic and recovery tools, do the following:
•
•
•
Use the built-in troubleshooting tools on the Advanced > Troubleshooting page to help diagnose
the problem.
Perform a system restore from the last known good backup file.
Contact Barracuda Networks Technical Support for additional troubleshooting tips.
As a last resort, you can reboot your Barracuda Link Balancer and run a memory test or perform a
complete system recovery, as described in this section.
To perform a system recovery or hardware test:
1. Connect a monitor and keyboard directly to your Barracuda Link Balancer.
2. Reboot the system by doing one of the following:
• Click Restart on the Basic > Administration page.
• Press the Power button on the front panel to turn off the system, and then press the Power
button again to turn the system back on.
The Barracuda splash screen displays with the following three boot options:
Barracuda
Recovery
Hardware_Test
3. Use your keyboard to select the desired boot option, and click Enter.
You must select the boot option within three seconds of the splash screen appearing. If you do
not select an option within three seconds, the Barracuda Link Balancer defaults to starting up in
the normal mode (first option).
For a description of each boot option, refer to Reboot Options on page 54.
Chapter 6: Maintaining the Barracuda Link Balancer
53
Reboot Options
Table 6.1 describes the options available at the reboot menu.
Table 6.1: Reboot Options
Reboot Options
Description
Barracuda
Starts the Barracuda Link Balancer in the normal (default) mode. This
option is automatically selected if no other option is specified within the
first three (3) seconds of the splash screen appearing.
Recovery
Displays the Recovery Console where you can select the following
options:
• Perform file system repair—Repairs the file system on the
Barracuda Link Balancer.
• Perform full system re-image—Restores the factory settings on
your Barracuda Link Balancer and clears out all configuration
information.
• Enable remote administration—Initiates a connection to Barracuda
Central that allows Barracuda Networks Technical Support to access
the system. Another method for enabling this troubleshooting
connection is to click Establish Connection to Barracuda Central
on the Advanced > Troubleshooting page.
• Run diagnostic memory test—Runs a diagnostic memory test from
the operating system. If problems are reported when running this
option, we recommend running the Hardware_Test option next.
Hardware_Test
Performs a thorough memory test that shows most memory related
errors within a two-hour time period. The memory test is performed
outside of the operating system and can take a long time to complete.
Reboot your Barracuda Link Balancer to stop the hardware test. You
may do this by pressing Ctrl-Alt-Del on the keyboard, or by pressing
the RESET button on the Barracuda Link Balancer.
54
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Appendix A
Limited Warranty and License
Barracuda Networks Limited Hardware Warranty (v 2.1)
Barracuda Networks, Inc., or the Barracuda Networks, Inc. subsidiary or authorized Distributor
selling the Barracuda Networks product, if sale is not directly by Barracuda Networks, Inc.,
("Barracuda Networks") warrants that commencing from the date of delivery to Customer (but in case
of resale by a Barracuda Networks reseller, commencing not more than sixty (60) days after original
shipment by Barracuda Networks, Inc.), and continuing for a period of one (1) year: (a) its products
(excluding any software) will be free from material defects in materials and workmanship under
normal use; and (b) the software provided in connection with its products, including any software
contained or embedded in such products will substantially conform to Barracuda Networks published
specifications in effect as of the date of manufacture. Except for the foregoing, the software is
provided as is. In no event does Barracuda Networks warrant that the software is error free or that
Customer will be able to operate the software without problems or interruptions. In addition, due to
the continual development of new techniques for intruding upon and attacking networks, Barracuda
Networks does not warrant that the software or any equipment, system or network on which the
software is used will be free of vulnerability to intrusion or attack. The limited warranty extends only
to you the original buyer of the Barracuda Networks product and is non-transferable.
Exclusive Remedy
Your sole and exclusive remedy and the entire liability of Barracuda Networks under this limited
warranty shall be, at Barracuda Networks or its service centers option and expense, the repair,
replacement or refund of the purchase price of any products sold which do not comply with this
warranty. Hardware replaced under the terms of this limited warranty may be refurbished or new
equipment substituted at Barracuda Networks’ option. Barracuda Networks obligations hereunder are
conditioned upon the return of affected articles in accordance with Barracuda Networks then-current
Return Material Authorization ("RMA") procedures. All parts will be new or refurbished, at
Barracuda Networks’ discretion, and shall be furnished on an exchange basis. All parts removed for
replacement will become the property of Barracuda Networks. In connection with warranty services
hereunder, Barracuda Networks may at its discretion modify the hardware of the product at no cost to
you to improve its reliability or performance. The warranty period is not extended if Barracuda
Networks repairs or replaces a warranted product or any parts. Barracuda Networks may change the
availability of limited warranties, at its discretion, but any changes will not be retroactive. IN NO
EVENT SHALL BARRACUDA NETWORKS LIABILITY EXCEED THE PRICE PAID FOR THE
PRODUCT FROM DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THE PRODUCT, ITS ACCOMPANYING
SOFTWARE, OR ITS DOCUMENTATION.
Exclusions and Restrictions
This limited warranty does not apply to Barracuda Networks products that are or have been (a)
marked or identified as "sample" or "beta," (b) loaned or provided to you at no cost, (c) sold "as is,"
(d) repaired, altered or modified except by Barracuda Networks, (e) not installed, operated or
Chapter 7:
55
maintained in accordance with instructions supplied by Barracuda Networks, or (f) subjected to
abnormal physical or electrical stress, misuse, negligence or to an accident.
EXCEPT FOR THE ABOVE WARRANTY, BARRACUDA NETWORKS MAKES NO OTHER
WARRANTY, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO BARRACUDA
NETWORKS PRODUCTS, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTY OF TITLE, AVAILABILITY, RELIABILITY, USEFULNESS,
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NONINFRINGEMENT, OR
ARISING FROM COURSE OF PERFORMANCE, DEALING, USAGE OR TRADE. EXCEPT
FOR THE ABOVE WARRANTY, BARRACUDA NETWORKS' PRODUCTS AND THE
SOFTWARE ARE PROVIDED "AS-IS" AND BARRACUDA NETWORKS DOES NOT
WARRANT THAT ITS PRODUCTS WILL MEET YOUR REQUIREMENTS OR BE
UNINTERRUPTED, TIMELY, AVAILABLE, SECURE OR ERROR FREE, OR THAT ANY
ERRORS IN ITS PRODUCTS OR THE SOFTWARE WILL BE CORRECTED. FURTHERMORE,
BARRACUDA NETWORKS DOES NOT WARRANT THAT BARRACUDA NETWORKS
PRODUCTS, THE SOFTWARE OR ANY EQUIPMENT, SYSTEM OR NETWORK ON WHICH
BARRACUDA NETWORKS PRODUCTS WILL BE USED WILL BE FREE OF
VULNERABILITY TO INTRUSION OR ATTACK.
Barracuda Networks Software License Agreement (v 2.1)
PLEASE READ THIS SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT ("AGREEMENT") CAREFULLY
BEFORE USING THE BARRACUDA NETWORKS SOFTWARE. BY USING THE
BARRACUDA SOFTWARE YOU ARE AGREEING TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS
LICENSE. IF YOU ARE A CORPORATION, PARTNERSHIP OR SIMILAR ENTITY, THEN
THE SOFTWARE LICENSE GRANTED UNDER THIS AGREEMENT IS EXPRESSLY
CONDITIONED UPON ACCEPTANCE BY A PERSON WHO IS AUTHORIZED TO SIGN FOR
AND BIND THE ENTITY. IF YOU ARE NOT AUTHORIZED TO SIGN FOR AND BIND THE
ENTITY OR DO NOT AGREE WITH ALL THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT, DO NOT USE
THE SOFTWARE. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE YOU MAY
RETURN THE SOFTWARE OR HARDWARE CONTAINING THE SOFTWARE FOR A FULL
REFUND TO YOUR PLACE OF PURCHASE.
1. The software and documentation, whether on disk, in flash memory, in read only memory, or on
any other media or in any other form (collectively "Barracuda Software") is licensed, not sold, to you
by Barracuda Networks, Inc. ("Barracuda") for use only under the terms of this Agreement, and
Barracuda reserves all rights not expressly granted to you. The rights granted are limited to
Barracuda's intellectual property rights in the Barracuda Software and do not include any other patent
or intellectual property rights. You own the media on which the Software is recorded but Barracuda
retains ownership of the Software itself. If you have not completed a purchase of the Software and
made payment for the purchase, the Software may only be used for evaluation purposes and may not
be used in any production capacity. Furthermore the Software, when used for evaluation, may not be
secure and may use publically available passwords.
2. Permitted License Uses and Restrictions. If you have purchased a Barracuda Networks hardware
product, this Agreement allows you to use the Software only on the single Barracuda labeled
hardware device on which the software was delivered. You may not make copies of the Software.
You may not make a backup copy of the Software. If you have purchased a Barracuda Networks
Virtual Machine you may use the software only in the licensed number of instances of the licensed
sizes and you may not exceed the licensed capacities. You may make a reasonable number of backup
copies of the Software. If you have purchased client software you may install the software only on
the number of licensed clients. You may make a reasonable number of backup copies of the Software.
For all purchases you may not modify or create derivative works of the Software except as provided
by the Open Source Licenses included below. You may not make the Software available over a
56
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
network where it could be utilized by multiple devices or copied. Unless otherwise expressly provided
in the documentation, your use of the Software shall be limited to use on a single hardware chassis,
on a single central processing unit, as applicable, or use on such greater number of chassis or central
processing units as you may have paid Barracuda Networks the required license fee; and your use of
the Software shall also be limited, as applicable and set forth in your purchase order or in Barracuda
Networks' product catalog, user documentation, or web site, to a maximum number of (a) seats (i.e.
users with access to install Software), (b) concurrent users, sessions, ports, and/or issued and
outstanding IP addresses, and/or (c) central processing unit cycles or instructions per second. Your
use of the Software shall also be limited by any other restrictions set forth in your purchase order or
in Barracuda Networks' product catalog, user documentation or Web site for the Software. The
BARRACUDA SOFTWARE IS NOT INTENDED FOR USE IN THE OPERATION OF
NUCLEAR FACILITIES, AIRCRAFT NAVIGATION OR COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, LIFE
SUPPORT MACHINES, OR OTHER EQUIPEMENT IN WHICH FAILURE COULD LEAD TO
DEATH, PERSONAL INJURY, OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE
NOT TO USE IT IN ANY OF THESE OPERATIONS.
3. You may not transfer, rent, lease, lend, or sublicense the Software or allow a third party to do so.
YOU MAY NOT OTHERWISE TRANSFER THE SOFTWARE OR ANY OF YOUR RIGHTS
AND OBLIGATIONS UNDER THIS AGREEMENT. You agree that you will have no right and will
not, nor will it assist others to: (i) make unauthorized copies of all or any portion of the Software; (ii)
sell, sublicense, distribute, rent or lease the Software; (iii) use the Software on a service bureau, time
sharing basis or other remote access system whereby third parties other than you can use or benefit
from the use of the Software; (iv) disassemble, reverse engineer, modify, translate, alter, decompile
or otherwise attempt to discern the source code of all or any portion of the Software; (v) utilize or run
the Software on more computers than you have purchased license to; (vi) operate the Software in a
fashion that exceeds the capacity or capabilities that were purchased by you.
4. THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE EFFECTIVE UPON INSTALLATION OF THE SOFTWARE
OR PRODUCT AND SHALL TERMINATE UPON THE EARLIER OF: (A) YOUR FAILURE TO
COMPLY WITH ANY TERM OF THIS AGREEMENT OR (B) RETURN, DESTRUCTION OR
DELETION OF ALL COPIES OF THE SOFTWARE IN YOUR POSSESSION. Rights of Barracuda
Networks and your obligations shall survive any termination of this Agreement. Upon termination of
this Agreement by Barracuda Networks, You shall certify in writing to Barracuda Networks that all
copies of the Software have been destroyed or deleted from any of your computer libraries, storage
devices, or any other location.
5. YOU EXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT THE USE OF THE BARRACUDA
SOFTWARE IS AT YOUR OWN RISK AND THAT THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO
SATISFACTION, QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, AND ACCURACY IS WITH YOU. THE
BARRACUDA SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITH ALL FAULTS AND WITHOUT
WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, AND BARRACUDA HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
AND CONDITIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE BARRACUDA SOFTWARE, EITHER
EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND/OR CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTIBILITY, OF
SATISFACTORY QUALITY, OF FITNESS FOR ANY APPLICATION, OF ACCURACY, AND
OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS. BARRACUDA DOES NOT
WARRANT THE CONTINUED OPERATION OF THE SOFTWARE, THAT THE
PERFORMANCE WILL MEET YOUR EXPECTATIONS, THAT THE FUNCTIONS WILL
MEET YOUR REQUIREMENTS, THAT THE OPERATION WILL BE ERROR FREE OR
CONTINUOUS, THAT CURRENT OR FUTURE VERSIONS OF ANY OPERATING SYSTEM
WILL BE SUPPORTED, OR THAT DEFECTS WILL BE CORRECTED. NO ORAL OR
WRITTEN INFORMATION GIVEN BY BARRACUDA OR AUTHORIZED BARRACUDA
REPRESENTATIVE SHALL CREATE A WARRANTY. SHOULD THE BARRACUDA
SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE ENTIRE COST OF ALL NECESSARY
SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION. FURTHERMORE BARRACUDA NETWORKS
SHALL ASSUME NO WARRANTY FOR ERRORS/BUGS, FAILURES OR DAMAGE WHICH
Chapter 7:
57
WERE CAUSED BY IMPROPER OPERATION, USE OF UNSUITABLE RESOURCES,
ABNORMAL OPERATING CONDITIONS (IN PARTICULAR DEVIATIONS FROM THE
INSTALLATION CONDITIONS) AS WELL AS BY TRANSPORTATION DAMAGE. IN
ADDITION, DUE TO THE CONTINUAL DEVELOPMENT OF NEW TECHNIQUES FOR
INTRUDING UPON AND ATTACKING NETWORKS, BARRACUDA NETWORKS DOES NOT
WARRANT THAT THE SOFTWARE OR ANY EQUIPMENT, SYSTEM OR NETWORK ON
WHICH THE SOFTWARE IS USED WILL BE FREE OF VULNERABILITY TO INTRUSION
OR ATTACK. YOU EXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT YOU WILL
PROVIDE AN UNLIMITED PERPETUAL ZERO COST LICENSE TO BARRACUDA FOR ANY
PATENTS OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS WHICH YOU EITHER OWN OR
CONTROL THAT ARE UTILIZED IN ANY BARRACUDA PRODUCT.
6. Termination and Fair Use Policy. BARRACUDA SHALL HAVE THE ABSOLUTE AND
UNILATERAL RIGHT AT ITS SOLE DISCRETION TO DENY USE OF, OR ACCESS TO
BARRACUDA SOFTWARE, IF YOU ARE DEEMED BY BARRACUDA TO BE USING THE
SOFTWARE IN A MANNER NOT REASONABLY INTENDED BY BARRACUDA OR IN
VIOLATION OF ANY LAW.
7. Limitation of Liability. TO THE EXTENT NOT PROHIBITED BY LAW, IN NO EVENT
SHALL BARRACUDA BE LIABLE FOR PERSONAL INJURY OR ANY INCIDENTAL
SPECIAL, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING,
WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF DATA, BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION, OR ANY OTHER COMMERCIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES, ARISING OUT
OF OR RELATED TO YOUR ABILITY TO USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE BARRACUDA
SOFTWARE HOWEVER CAUSED, REGARDLESS OF THE THEORY OF LIABILITY AND
EVEN IF BARRACUDA HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF DAMAGES. In no
event shall Barracuda's total liability to you for all damages exceed the amount of one hundred
dollars.The following terms govern your use of the Energize Update Software except to the extent a
particular program (a) is the subject of a separate written agreement with Barracuda Networks or (b)
includes a separate "click-on" license agreement as part of the installation and/or download process.
To the extent of a conflict between the provisions of the foregoing documents, the order of precedence
shall be (1) the written agreement, (2) the click-on agreement, and (3) this Energize Update Software
License.
8. Content Restrictions. YOU MAY NOT (AND MAY NOT ALLOW A THIRD PARTY TO)
COPY, REPRODUCE, CAPTURE, STORE, RETRANSMIT, DISTRIBUTE, OR BURN TO CD
(OR ANY OTHER MEDIUM) ANY COPYRIGHTED CONTENT THAT YOU ACCESS OR
RECEIVE THROUGH USE OF THE PRODUCT CONTAINING THE SOFTWARE. YOU
ASSUME ALL RISK AND LIABILITY FOR ANY SUCH PROHIBITED USE OF
COPYRIGHTED CONTENT. You agree not to publish any benchmarks, measurements, or reports
on the product without Barracuda Networks’ written express approval.
9. Third Party Software. Some Software which supports Bare Metal Disaster Recovery of Microsoft
Windows Vista and Microsoft Windows 2008 Operating Systems (DR6) contains and uses
components of the Microsoft Windows Pre-Installation Environment (WINPE) with the following
restrictions: (i) the WINPE components in the DR6 product are licensed and not sold and may only
be used with the DR6 product; (ii) DR6 is provided "as is"; (iii) Barracuda and its suppliers reserve
all rights not expressly granted; (iv) license to use DR6 and the WINPE components is limited to use
of the product as a recovery utility program only and not for use as a general purpose operating
system; (v) Reverse engineering, decompiling or disassembly of the WINPE components, except to
the extent expressly permitted by applicable law, is prohibited; (vi) DR6 contains a security feature
from Microsoft that will automatically reboot the system without warning after 24 hours of
continuous use; (vii) Barracuda alone will provide support for customer issues with DR6 and
Microsoft and its Affiliates are released of all liability related to its use and operation; and, (viii) DR6
is subject to U.S. export jurisdiction.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
10. Trademarks. Certain portions of the product and names used in this Agreement, the Software and
the documentation may constitute trademarks of Barracuda Networks. You are not authorized to use
any such trademarks for any purpose.
11. Export Restrictions. You may not export or re-export the Software without: (a) the prior written
consent of Barracuda Networks, (b) complying with applicable export control laws, including, but not
limited to, restrictions and regulations of the Department of Commerce or other United States agency
or authority and the applicable EU directives, and (c) obtaining any necessary permits and licenses.
In any event, you may not transfer or authorize the transfer of the Software to a prohibited territory
or country or otherwise in violation of any applicable restrictions or regulations. If you are a United
States Government agency the Software and documentation qualify as "commercial items", as that
term is defined at Federal Acquisition Regulation ("FAR") (48 C.F.R.) 2.101, consisting of
"commercial computer software" and "commercial computer software documentation" as such terms
are used in FAR 12.212. Consistent with FAR 12.212 and DoD FAR Supp. 227.7202-1 through
227.7202-4, and notwithstanding any other FAR or other contractual clause to the contrary in any
agreement into which this Agreement may be incorporated, Government end user will acquire the
Software and documentation with only those rights set forth in this Agreement. Use of either the
Software or documentation or both constitutes agreement by the Government that the Software and
documentation are "commercial computer software" and "commercial computer software
documentation", and constitutes acceptance of the rights and restrictions herein.
12. General. THIS AGREEMENT IS GOVERNED BY THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF
CALIFORNIA, USA WITH JURISDICTION OF SANTA CLARA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA,
UNLESS YOUR HEADQUARTERS IS LOCATED IN SWITZERLAND, THE EU, OR JAPAN. IF
YOUR HEADQUARTERS IS LOCATED IN SWITZERLAND THE SWISS MATERIAL LAW
SHALL BE USED AND THE JURISDICTION SHALL BE ZURICH. IF YOUR
HEADQUARTERS IS LOCATED IN THE EU, AUSTRIAN LAW SHALL BE USED AND
JURISDICTION SHALL BE INNSBRUCK. IF YOUR HEADQUARTERS IS LOCATED IN
JAPAN, JAPANESE LAW SHALL BE USED AND JURISDICTION SHALL BE TOKYO. THIS
AGREEMENT WILL NOT BE SUBJECT TO ANY CONFLICT-OF-LAWS PRINCIPLES IN ANY
JURISDICTION. THIS AGREEMENT WILL NOT BE GOVERNED BY THE U.N.
CONVENTION ON CONTRACTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL SALES OF GOODS. This
Agreement is the entire agreement between You and Barracuda Networks regarding the subject
matter herein and supersedes any other communications with respect to the Software. If any provision
of this Agreement is held invalid or unenforceable, the remainder of this Agreement will continue in
full force and effect. Failure to prosecute a party's rights with respect to a default hereunder will not
constitute a waiver of the right to enforce rights with respect to the same or any other breach.
13. Assignability. You may not assign any rights or obligations hereunder without prior written
consent from Barracuda Networks.
14. Billing Issues. You must notify Barracuda of any billing problems or discrepancies within sixty
(60) days after they first appear on the statement you receive from your bank, Credit Card Company,
other billing company or Barracuda Networks. If you do not bring such problems or discrepancies to
Barracuda Networks attention within the sixty (60) day period, you agree that you waive the right to
dispute such problems or discrepancies.
15. Collection of Data. You agree to allow Barracuda Networks to collect information ("Statistics")
from the Software in order to fight spam, virus, and other threats as well as optimize and monitor the
Software. Information will be collected electronically and automatically. Statistics include, but are
not limited to, the number of messages processed, the number of messages that are categorized as
spam, the number of virus and types, IP addresses of the largest spam senders, the number of emails
classified for Bayesian analysis, capacity and usage, and other statistics. Your data will be kept private
and will only be reported in aggregate by Barracuda Networks.
Chapter 7:
59
16. Subscriptions. Software updates and subscription information provided by Barracuda Energize
Updates or other services may be necessary for the continued operation of the Software. You
acknowledge that such a subscription may be necessary. Furthermore some functionality may only
be available with additional subscription purchases. Obtaining Software updates on systems where
no valid subscription has been purchased or obtaining functionality where subscription has not been
purchased is strictly forbidden and in violation of this Agreement. All initial subscriptions commence
at the time of activation and all renewals commence at the expiration of the previous valid
subscription. Unless otherwise expressly provided in the documentation, you shall use the Energize
Updates Service and other subscriptions solely as embedded in, for execution on, or (where the
applicable documentation permits installation on non-Barracuda Networks equipment) for
communication with Barracuda Networks equipment owned or leased by you. All subscriptions are
non-transferrable. Barracuda Networks makes no warranty that subscriptions will continue uninterrupted. Subscription may be terminated without notice by Barracuda Networks for lack of full
payment.
17. Auto Renewals. If your Software purchase is a time based license, includes software
maintenance, or includes a subscription, you hereby agree to automatically renew this purchase when
it expires unless you notify Barracuda 15 days before the renewal date. Barracuda Networks will
automatically bill you or charge you unless notified 15 days before the renewal date.
18. Time Base License. If your Software purchase is a time based license you expressly acknowledge
that the Software will stop functioning at the time the license expires. You expressly indemnify and
hold harmless Barracuda Networks for any and all damages that may occur because of this.
19. Support. Telephone, email and other forms of support will be provided to you if you have
purchased a product that includes support. The hours of support vary based on country and the type
of support purchased. Barracuda Networks Energize Updates typically include Basic support.
20. Changes. Barracuda Networks reserves the right at any time not to release or to discontinue release
of any Software or Subscription and to alter prices, features, specifications, capabilities, functions,
licensing terms, release dates, general availability or other characteristics of any future releases of the
Software or Subscriptions.
21. Open Source Licensing. Barracuda Networks products may include programs that are covered
by the GNU General Public License (GPL) or other Open Source license agreements, in particular the
Linux operating system. It is expressly put on record that the Software does not constitute an edited
version or further development of the operating system. These programs are copyrighted by their
authors or other parties, and the authors and copyright holders disclaim any warranty for such
programs. Other programs are copyright by Barracuda Networks. Further details may be provided in
an appendix to this agreement where the licenses are re-printed. Barracuda Networks makes available
the source code used to build Barracuda products available at source.barracuda.com. This directory
includes all the programs that are distributed on the Barracuda products. Obviously not all of these
programs are utilized, but since they are distributed on the Barracuda product we are required to make
the source code available.
Barracuda Networks Energize Updates and Other Subscription Terms
Barracuda Networks Software License Agreement Appendix
The GNU General Public License (GPL) Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing
it is not allowed.
Preamble
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By
contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change
free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies
to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit
to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Library General
Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses
are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge
for this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can
change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these
things.
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to
ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you
distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it.
For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the
recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source
code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.
We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and (2) offer you this license which
gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the software.
Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone understands that
there is no warranty for this free software. If the software is modified by someone else and passed on,
we want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so that any problems introduced
by others will not reflect on the original authors' reputations.
Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid the danger
that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the
program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for
everyone's free use or not licensed at all.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright
holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program",
below, refers to any such program or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the
Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or
a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another language.
(Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is
addressed as "you".
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are
outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program
Chapter 7:
61
is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been
made by running the Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any
medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate
copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and
to the absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License
along with the Program.
You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at your option offer
warranty protection in exchange for a fee.
2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus forming a work based
on the Program, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1
above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:
a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and
the date of any change.
b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in whole or in part contains or is
derived from the Program or any part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge to all third parties
under the terms of this License.
c) If the modified program normally reads commands interactively when run, you must cause it, when
started running for such interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an announcement
including an appropriate copyright notice and a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that
you provide a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program under these conditions, and
telling the user how to view a copy of this License. (Exception: if the Program itself is interactive but
does not normally print such an announcement, your work based on the Program is not required to
print an announcement).
These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections of that work are
not derived from the Program, and can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in
themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those sections when you distribute them
as separate works. But when you distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based
on the Program, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of this License, whose permissions
for other licensees extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote
it.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work written entirely
by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution of derivative or collective
works based on the Program.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program with the Program (or with a
work based on the Program) on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other
work under the scope of this License.
3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it, under Section 2) in object code
or executable form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you also do one of the
following:
a) Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable source code, which must be
distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software
interchange; or,
b) Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three years, to give any third party, for a charge
no more than your cost of physically performing source distribution, a complete machine-readable
copy of the corresponding source code, to be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on
a medium customarily used for software interchange; or,
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
c) Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer to distribute corresponding source
code. (This alternative is allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you received the
program in object code or executable form with such an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.)
The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it. For
an executable work, complete source code means all the source code for all modules it contains, plus
any associated interface definition files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation
of the executable. However, as a special exception, the source code distributed need not include
anything that is normally distributed (in either source or binary form) with the major components
(compiler, kernel, and so on) of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless that
component itself accompanies the executable.
If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering access to copy from a designated place,
then offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution of
the source code, even though third parties are not compelled to copy the source along with the object
code.
4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except as expressly provided
under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is
void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have
received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long
as such parties remain in full compliance.
5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However, nothing else
grants you permission to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative works. These actions are
prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the
Program (or any work based on the Program), you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so,
and all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modifying the Program or works based on
it.
6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the Program), the recipient
automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the Program
subject to these terms and conditions. You may not impose any further restrictions on the recipients'
exercise of the rights granted herein. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties
to this License.
7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or for any other reason
(not limited to patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or
otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions
of this License. If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this
License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute the
Program at all. For example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the
Program by all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you
could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the Program.
If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular circumstance, the
balance of the section is intended to apply and the section as a whole is intended to apply in other
circumstances.
It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property right claims
or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting the integrity
of the free software distribution system, which is implemented by public license practices. Many
people have made generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed through that
system in reliance on consistent application of that system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he
or she is willing to distribute software through any other system and a licensee cannot impose that
choice.
Chapter 7:
63
This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of
this License.
8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries either by patents or by
copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Program under this License may
add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding those countries, so that distribution is
permitted only in or among countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the
limitation as if written in the body of this License.
9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the General Public
License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies a version number of
this License which applies to it and "any later version", you have the option of following the terms
and conditions either of that version or of any later version published by the Free Software
Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any
version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.
10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose distribution
conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted
by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make
exceptions for this. Our decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all
derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of software generally.
NO WARRANTY
11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY
FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT
WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER
PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS
WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF
ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN
WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY
AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU
FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE
PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING
RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A
FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF
SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGES.
END OF GNU TERMS AND CONDITIONS
Barracuda Networks Products may contain programs that are copyright (c)1995-2005 International
Business Machines Corporation and others. All rights reserved. These programs are covered by the
following License: "Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of
this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without
restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute,
and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so,
provided that the above copyright notice(s) and this permission notice appear in all copies of the
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Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Software and that both the above copyright notice(s) and this permission notice appear in supporting
documentation."
Barracuda Networks Products may include programs that are covered by the BSD License:
"Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted
provided that the following conditions are met:
Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the
following disclaimer.
Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and
the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
The names of the authors may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ''AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE."
Barracuda Networks Products may include the libspf library which is Copyright (c) 2004 James
Couzens & Sean Comeau, All rights reserved. It is covered by the following agreement:
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted
provided that the following conditions are met: 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the
above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 2. Redistributions in
binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. THIS
SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ''AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS MAKING USE OF THIS LICENSE OR ITS
CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Barracuda Networks Products may contain programs that are Copyright (c) 1998-2003 Carnegie
Mellon University. All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: 1. Redistributions
of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
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conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with
the distribution. The name "Carnegie Mellon University" must not be used to endorse or promote
products derived from this software without prior written permission. For permission or any other
legal details, please contact Office of Technology Transfer, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000
Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890 (412) 268-4387, fax: (412) 268-7395, techtransfer@andrew.cmu.edu . Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
acknowledgment: "This product includes software developed by Computing Services at Carnegie
Mellon University (http://www.cmu.edu/computing/)." CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY
DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, AND IN NO EVENT
SHALL CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
Chapter 7:
65
NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
Barracuda Networks Software may include programs that are covered by the Apache License or other
Open Source license agreements. The Apache license is re-printed below for you reference. These
programs are copyrighted by their authors or other parties, and the authors and copyright holders
disclaim any warranty for such programs. Other programs are copyright by Barracuda Networks.
Apache License
Version 2.0, January 2004
http://www.apache.org/licenses/
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR USE, REPRODUCTION, AND DISTRIBUTION
1. Definitions.
"License" shall mean the terms and conditions for use, reproduction, and distribution as defined by
Sections 1 through 9 of this document.
"Licensor" shall mean the copyright owner or entity authorized by the copyright owner that is
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"Legal Entity" shall mean the union of the acting entity and all other entities that control, are
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"Work" shall mean the work of authorship, whether in Source or Object form, made available under
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"Derivative Works" shall mean any work, whether in Source or Object form, that is based on (or
derived from) the Work and for which the editorial revisions, annotations, elaborations, or other
modifications represent, as a whole, an original work of authorship. For the purposes of this License,
Derivative Works shall not include works that remain separable from, or merely link (or bind by
name) to the interfaces of, the Work and Derivative Works thereof.
"Contribution" shall mean any work of authorship, including the original version of the Work and any
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purpose of discussing and improving the Work, but excluding communication that is conspicuously
marked or otherwise designated in writing by the copyright owner as "Not a Contribution."
"Contributor" shall mean Licensor and any individual or Legal Entity on behalf of whom a
Contribution has been received by Licensor and subsequently incorporated within the Work.
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Chapter 7:
67
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68
Barracuda Link Balancer Administrator’s Guide
Index
IP masquerading 4
L
LAN IP address, in front of your firewall 9, 13
Numerics
M
1:1 NAT 4, 22
Many to 1 NAT 4, 22
masquerade IP address 27
A
additional IP addresses
in front of your firewall 13
replacing your firewall 17
Administration page 36, 48, 52
alerts 36
applications
creating custom 24
definition 24
ARIN networks 26, 33
B
backing up configuration 51
backup link 24
Backup page 51
C
character tags 55
checking status 47
configuring network settings 19
contacting technical support 6
D
default IP address 52
denial of service attacks 22
DHCP server 21
diagnostic memory test 54
DNS 21
DNS servers, configuring 21
E
externally accessible IP addresses 26
F
failed system, replacing 52
H
hardware test 54
I
IP aliases 21
Index - 69
N
NAT/Port Forwarding 20, 22
NAT-T, NAT-Traversal 28
notifications 36
O
online help 2
P
persistence 4
Port Address Translation 4, 22
Port forwarding 22
port forwarding 4
port forwarding rules 23
primary link 24
private link 24
Q
Quality of Service rules, configuring 25
R
reboot options 53
recovery mode 53
re-imaging system 54
reloading the system 52
remote administration 54
repairing, file system 54
replacing failed system 52
reporting, system report, statistics 49
RESET button, using 52
restarting the system 52
restoring configuration 51
S
shutting down the system 52
SNMP 48, 49
community string 48
MIB 48
SNMP traps
configure trap receivers 48
statistics, system report 49
Status page 47
system alerts email address 49
T
Task Manager page 50
technical support, contacting 6
testing memory 54
time zone, setting 36
Troubleshooting page 53
U
updating firmware 51
V
virtual interfaces 21
VPN tunnel
failover 29
shared secret 28
SSL certificates 28
VPN Tunnel as Failover Link for a Broken MPLS Link 29
VPN Tunnel, failover link for broken site-to-site WAN link
29
VPN Tunnel, troubleshooting 29
W
WAN interface, Web user interface access via 36
WAN IP impersonation 20
Web user interface
logging in 12, 16
weight, WAN link 24
70 - Index