Planning Tool – fire safety solutions for tunnels

Fire safety solutions
for tunnels
Planning Tool
Planning Tool – fire safety solutions for tunnels
Answers for infrastructure.
Fire control panels
The Sinteso™ FC20 fire control panels with integrated power
supply offer a logical, menu-driven user interface with
interactive, dialoge-based procedures. Network up to
32 panels via FCnet (ideal when multiple tunnels are
monitored via 1 control center). The panels are accessible
remotely over Ethernet (remote operation, system
diagnosis/configuration changes, simple maintenance,
and troubleshooting).
Voice alarm system
The E100 voice alarm system linked to loudspeakers in
shelters and exits. Automatically activated by the fire
detection system on confirmed alarm, and capable of
broadcasting live or pre-recorded evacuation messages
to users to ensure safe and rapid evacuation of the
tunnel tubes.
Extinguishing control panels
Linear heat detection
Answers for infrastructure.
The XC10 range includes control units for single or
multiple (up to 16) detection zones/extinguishing sectors.
All relevant incidents are forwarded to connected fire
control panels. The XC10 units also interface with
ventilation systems.
The FibroLaser™ fiber optic cable detects both radiated and
convected heat, reducing the influence of air-flow on the
detection rate. It gives instant information on the fire size,
direction and speed, the number of fire sources, and the
temperature inside the tunnel (with graphical visualization, data refresh cycle time <15 seconds). The cable is
maintenance-free (operating life of 30 years).
Smoke detectors
Early fire warning by smoke detection in road tunnels with
high ceilings and ventilation levels thanks to the continuous measurement of smoke concentration. These detectors
are also ideal in environments with corrosive atmospheres,
and offer fog suppression by heating. A temperature sensor
enables the location of fires. Signal output via relay contacts
or Profibus.
Aspirating smoke detection
Extinguishing with Sinorix™ CDT N2
© Siemens Switzerland Ltd, 2010 • 0,21003
The information in this document contains general descriptions of technical options available,
which do not always have to be present in individual cases. The required features should therefore
be specified in each individual case at the time of closing the contract.
Siemens Switzerland Ltd
Industry Sector
Building Technologies Division
International Headquarters
Gubelstrasse 22
6301 Zug
Tel +41 41 724 24 24
Aspirating smoke detectors enable early and reliable
detection of fires in highly ventilated zones: they can be
positioned in the technical room or at air intake points
inside the tunnel to prevent external environmental
conditions (e.g. smoke caused by fires of criminal origin)
to affect the continuity and safety of the traffic through
the tunnel.
Point type fire detectors
For immediate manual actuation of an alarm, manual call
points are placed along the exit routes.
Intrusion detection
For outstanding and rapid extinguishing. This technology is
widely used in data centers and therefore ideal for tunnel
technical rooms: the nitrogen-based agent is harmless to
people, the environment, and the electrical infrastructure.
The unique constant discharge technology employed ensures
minimum overpressure and turbulences, reducing the risk
of further damage to critical systems.
Sinteso S-LINE detectors are based on the ASAtechnology™
developed by Siemens. The range includes optical, thermal,
and combined fire detectors (e.g. for rooms containing
electrical cabinets), a multi-sensor model for smoke, heat
and carbon monoxide (e.g. for shelters), and EX models
(e.g. for use in the emergency power supply storage room).
Manual call points
Alarm indicators
Input/output modules
In the complex environment of tunnels and technical
rooms, alarm indicators ensure that the danger area is
immediately identifiable even if the detector in alarm
status is not visible.
Sounder and sounder beacons
Sounder and sounder beacons provide both acoustic and
optical alarms, ensuring that tunnel users and staff are
immediately alerted even in noisy environments such as
in shelters or in the tunnel tubes.
Detection of unauthorized entries into the technical
rooms with comprehensive intrusion detection systems.
Scalable systems with powerful alarm management tools,
high immunity to false alarm, and integration with video
surveillance and access control systems.
Automatic incident detection
For the connection with potential-free contact, used
to acknowledge or activate technical states (e.g. door,
ventilation, portable fire extinguisher).
Control center
Video surveillance inside the tunnel and the technical
room. Automatic incident detection inside the tunnel using
Siveillance™ technology: this universal video application
generates events when user-defined safety and security
rules are violated. Video streams can be analoge (CCVS),
video over IP or pre-recorded MPEG4 and AVI files. PAL and
NTSC supported.
Access control
The ITCC from Siemens caters for tunnels of all types and
sizes, allowing not only the traffic guidance and control
equipment, but also the light, air, and power supplies, the
fire detection systems, pollution measurement, or emergency call systems to be centrally managed. Integration
takes place at automation level for increased redundancy
and reliability.
The range of SiPass access control systems provides
a very high level of security without compromising
convenience. Access readers at the technical rooms’
doors restrict access to critical systems to authorized
personnel. SiPass systems integrate in existing IT
environments and support advanced multi-site identity
management, remote connectivity, and integration
with video surveillance and intrusion detection.
Q Innovative technologies to answer
the associated toughest questions
Throughout a 160-year history of proven research and engineering talent,
with more than 50,000 active patents,
Siemens has continuously provided its
customers with innovations in the areas
of healthcare, energy, industry, and
infrastructure – globally and locally.
Q Megatrends driving the future
The megatrends – demographic change,
urbanization, climate change, and globalization – are shaping the world today.
These have an unprecedented impact
on our lives and on vital sectors of our
Q Increase productivity and efficiency
through complete building life cycle
Building Technologies offers intelligent
integrated solutions for industry, commercial and residential buildings, and
public infrastructure. Over the entire
facility’s life cycle, our comprehensive
and environmentally conscious portfolio of products, systems, solutions,
and services for low voltage power
distribution and electrical installation
technology, building automation,
fire safety and security ensures the:
– optimum comfort and highest energy
efficiency in buildings,
– safety and security for people,
processes, and assets,
– increased business productivity.
Answers for infrastructure.
Planning Tool – fire safety solutions for tunnels
Answers for infrastructure.
Traffic control
Holistic fire safety – an economic
must for tunnels
Tunnel safety is a complex and far-reaching topic. Complex because
it encompasses structural engineering and operational measures
both inside and outside the tunnel. Far-reaching because by improving
tunnel availability, safety measures also help keep entire regional
economies running.
Fibro Vis
Remote access
Fire control panel FC2020-EZ
Fire terminal FT2040-AZ
Art. no.: A5Q00016827
Art. no.: A5Q00016702
Fire control panel FC2020-AZ
Art. no.: A5Q00015550
Single row wall cabinet
Detailed planning tool
Art. no.: 0-92148-en
And although most of the fire safety technologies deployed in this
type of infrastructure may be similar to more standard buildings, they
have to address very unique challenges in terms of people self-rescue
and evacuation, but also incident mitigation and structural damage
limitation. Taken in a context of changing traffic patterns and increasing volumes, fire safety system planning considerations therefore need
to go beyond the current technological merit of individual products
or systems: They must cater for potentially changing requirements in
terms of how fire safety as a whole is regulated, managed, maintained,
and modernized over the entire life cycle of each tunnel.
Art. no.: S24235-C20-A1
OTS-4 (24V DC)
Art. no.: A5Q00015699
6-W flush speaker
Art. no.:
Detailed planning tool
Art. no.: 0-92124-en
Combined sounder beacon FDS229
ASA heat detector
ASA neural fire detector
ASA flame detector
Art. no.: A5Q00004812
Art. no.: A5Q00004813
Art. no.: A5Q00003006
Fire control panel FC2040-AE
Detailed planning tool
Art. no.: A5Q00016852
Art. no.: 0-92149-en
Art. no.:
A5Q00023093 (red, FDS229-R)
Wide Dynamic
IP camera
Art. no.:
A5Q00023093 (red, FDS229-R)
A5Q00023092 (yellow, FDS229-A)
ASA neural fire detector
15-W horn speaker
Art. no.: A5Q00004813
Input/output module FDCIO222
Art. no.: A5Q00002369
Art. no.:
Detector base attachment
■ Future-proof safety technology
Siemens understands the impact that the
confined environment of tunnels, their
critical economic role and the regulations
have on fire safety performance requirements, today and in the future. As your
partner of choice, we help you establish a
future-proof fire safety technology strategy, tailored to each tunnel and translating into an overall system that will
deliver consistently high performance
in the long term. This is also why we only
recommend systems that are seamless to
install, commission, integrate, operate,
maintain – and modernize. Our long-term
project management capability is complemented by comprehensive documentation processes that ensure records of
upgrades and maintenance are kept and
available throughout the tunnel life cycle
– compensating for the inevitable tunnel
engineer and operator turnover.
■ Holistic tunnel fire safety
Effective tunnel safety requires operational
systems that can monitor all important
parameters, ensure smooth traffic flow,
and support incident response coordination. The all-encompassing system
described here covers all the areas in a
tunnel that, if affected by fire, could have
a serious impact on user safety, tunnel
structural integrity, or on operational
systems that are crucial both to day-to-day
tunnel availability and incident management. These solutions draw from over 150
years of fire safety research and development: Meeting or exceeding current
European tunnel safety regulations and
industry standards, they were chosen for
their consistent track record in the many
tunnel projects Siemens has been involved
in over the years, as much as for their
capability to integrate into a holistic tunnel
safety concept.
■ Strive for integration
Fire safety solutions from Siemens – such
as those presented here – can be managed stand alone or integrated into the
overall tunnel management system (e.g.
SCADA). Integration ensures that all tunnel
systems work together and react automatically to incidents with minimum operator
interaction, e.g. triggering accident warnings at the tunnel entrance or appropriate
road signals along the route emergency
services are taking to reach the tunnel.
Integration therefore empowers tunnel
operators and owners to manage operational fire safety and incident response
more effectively, thus reducing the costs
of tunnel closures, repairs and traffic
diversions – and bringing a measurably
improved return for investors.
■ The service success factor
When selecting fire safety systems, particular consideration should also be given
to the service levels offered by the chosen
provider – and their effects on daily tunnel availability and safety levels. Siemens
offers a comprehensive service portfolio,
Advantage™ Services – encompassing life
cycle management, operational services,
alarm management, as well as system
maintenance and knowledge services.
Combined with our “Guaranteed Repair
Time”, this means that we remain proactive
in our involvement over the entire tunnel
project life cycle, thereby ensuring high
performance in the long run.
Heavy duty manual call point
Alarm sounder FDS221-R
Art. no.: A5Q00005525
Art. no.: A5Q00003087
Art. no.: A5Q00004117
24 V strobe light
Art. no.: S54370-K3-A1
■ Making sense of tunnel complexity
Each tunnel provides its own unique
safety challenges, based on where it is
located, its layout, height, and traffic
volumes and patterns. Siemens brings
its expertise in fire safety and critical
infrastructure protection to help planners
and engineering companies reconcile
available fire safety technologies with
the specificities of each tunnel: by balancing out regulatory constraints and
best practices with budget considerations, we contribute towards user safety
targets whilst providing optimal costs/
benefits to tunnel operators and investors, over the entire life cycle of a tunnel.
Planning for success with a forwardthinking fire safety partner
Linear heat detection cable
Art. no.: A5Q00003945
Art. no.:
+24 VDC
ASA wide-spectrum smoke
detector FDO241
Manual call point red FDM221
Standard, available in different colors
Input/output module
“transponder” FDCIO223
Extinguishing control unit XC1001-A
Input module FDCIO222
Art. no.: S54390-C1-A1
Art. no.: A5Q00002369
Art. no.: VLF-250-SIE
Art. no.: A5Q00004811
Electronic switching unit FDME221
Art. no.: S24218-B102-A1
Input/output module FDCIO222
Art. no.: A5Q00002451
Art. no.: A5Q00002369
Art. no.: VLF-500-SIE
■ Nearly 50 years experience in
tunnel fire safety
■ Complete fire safety project management from one partner over the
tunnel life cycle
Example extinguishing system with XC10 control unit
in a transformer room
■ Rely on a fire safety expert for a
future-proof safety technology
Ex zone
FibroLaser linear heat detection
Polyamide tube
Two fiber
optic cables
Tunnel battery/generator room
■ Combine industry-certified products
and systems into high-performance
safety systems
4 mm
Cable jacket
Aramid fibers
■ Improve compliance with national
and international safety regulations
loss of agent
■ Maximize investment protection
thanks to best-in-class service levels
* FRNC: Flame Retardant Non Corrosive
Alternative solution
for control room
1) Alternative: Line extension using fiber optic
cables and interface modules.
© Siemens 2010