Minolta MAXXUM HTSI - PART 2 Instruction manual

E
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
QUICK
OPERATION
GETTING
STARTED
FULL-AUTO
OPERATION
SUBJECT
PROGRAM
SELECTION
CREATIVE
EXPOSURE
MODES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDIX
FOR PROPER AND SAFE USE
This manual has been designed to help you understand the
operation of your Minolta camera more quickly. After familiarizing
yourself with the camera, start with Level I and learn to operate the
camera in Full-Auto mode.
Move on to Level II and the Subject Program modes when you are
comfortable with the camera and want to have more control. Here
you decide the type of image you want to photograph and leave the
exposure details to the camera.
When you are ready for full control, move on to Level III and the ASM
exposure modes.
The information in this manual is relevant for products introduced
before December, 1998. Contact the nearest authorized Minolta
Service facility to obtain compatibility information for products
released after this date.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation. Changes or modifications not approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Read and understand all warnings and cautions before
using this product.
WARNING
Batteries may become hot or explode due to improper use.
• Use only the batteries specified in this instruction manual.
• Do not install the batteries with the polarity (+/-) reversed.
• Do not subject batteries to fire or high temperatures.
• Do not attempt to recharge, short, or disassemble.
• Do not mix batteries of different types, brands, or ages.
• Tape over lithium battery contacts before disposal.
• Follow local regulations for battery disposal.
Use caution, accidents may occur when using this product near
young children.
Keep batteries and other things that could be swallowed away from
young children. Contact a doctor immediately if an object is
swallowed.
Immediately remove the batteries and discontinue use if…
• the camera is dropped or subjected to an impact in which the
interior is exposed.
• the camera emits a strange smell, heat, or smoke.
Do not disassemble. Electric shock may occur if a high voltage
circuit inside the camera is touched. Take your camera to a Minolta
Service Facility when repairs are required.
Do not look directly at the sun through the viewfinder.
CAUTION
Do not allow a camera lens to point directly at the sun. Fire may
occur if sunlight comes to focus on a flammable surface. Replace
the lens cap when the product is not being used.
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GETTING STARTED
I
L E V E L
FULLY-AUTOMATIC OPERATION
Taking Pictures in Full-Auto ................................................20
Focus Signals ......................................................................21
Special Focus Situations......................................................22
Focus Hold ..........................................................................23
Using the Built-in Flash
Flash signals....................................................................25
Flash range......................................................................25
Fill flash ..........................................................................26
Flash cancel ....................................................................26
Red-eye reduction ..........................................................27
Rewinding the Film ..............................................................28
II
SUBJECT PROGRAM SELECTION
LEVEL
Portrait Mode ......................................................................30
Landscape Mode ................................................................31
Close-up Mode ....................................................................32
Sports Mode ........................................................................33
Night Portrait Mode..............................................................34
Photographing Night Scenes ..............................................35
Self-timer..............................................................................36
Continuous Advance ............................................................37
2
A-MODE – Aperture Priority ................................................39
A-mode flash ..................................................................40
Aperture control ..............................................................41
S-MODE – Shutter Priority ..................................................42
S-mode flash ..................................................................43
Shutter control ................................................................44
M-MODE – Manual ..............................................................45
Metering in manual mode ................................................46
M-mode flash ..................................................................47
TAKING TIME EXPOSURES (buLb) ..................................48
III
Strap ....................................................................................11
Batteries ..............................................................................12
Lens ....................................................................................14
Loading Film ........................................................................16
Handling the Camera ..........................................................18
CREATIVE EXPOSURE MODES
LEVEL
NAMES OF PARTS ..............................................................4
QUICK OPERATION ............................................................8
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
FOCUS
Wide Focus Area ..............51
Spot AF..............................52
Manual Focus ....................53
AF Illuminator ....................54
EXPOSURE
14 Segment Metering ........55
Spot Metering ....................56
Exposure Compensation ..57
Setting the ISO Manually ..58
Bracketing..........................59
Multiple Exposure ..............62
FLASH
High-Speed Sync ..............65
Slow Sync..........................66
Wireless Flash ..................67
FOR OWNERS OF THE DATE MODEL
Exposing the Date/Time ....72
Setting the Date/Time........73
Replacing the Battery ........74
CUSTOM FUNCTIONS
Setting ..............................75
Details................................76
APPENDIX
Program Reset Button ......81
Exposure Warnings ..........85
Care and Storage ..............88
Accessories ......................82
Trouble Shooting ..............86
Specifications ....................90
3
NAMES OF PARTS
NAMES OF PARTS
For information on specific parts, refer to the page numbers shown in
parenthesis.
Main switch
Accessory shoe
Body
Viewfinder*
Built-in flash (24-27)
Flash-mode button
Film window
Self-timer lamp (36)
Function button
Shutter-release
button
Data Panel
Subject-program
button (30-35)
Program-reset
button (81)
Remote-control
terminal (49)
Function dial
Manual-rewind
button (28)
Spot AF button (52)
Strap eyelet (11)
Control dial
Spot /AE lock button (56)
Lens contacts*
Mirror*
Lens mount
Back-cover release
Focus-mode button (53)
4
Battery-chamber
door (12)
Lens release (15)
Exposure-compensation
button (45, 57)
* Do not touch
Self-timer/Drive-mode
button (36, 37)
Battery-chamber
lock
Tripod socket
5
NAMES OF PARTS
NAMES OF PARTS
Data Panel
Viewfinder
Flash-mode indicators
Red-eye reduction indicator
Multiple-exposure indicator
Exposure-bracketing indicator
Exposure-mode indicators
Manual-focus indicator
Focus frame
Shutter-speed/ISO display
Aperture/Exposurecompensation display
Exposure-compensation
indicator
Subject-program pointer
Subject-program indicators
Spot-metering area
Spot-focus area
Focus signals
Focus-area indicator
Shutter speed display
Self-timer indicator
Exposure-compensation indicator
Battery-condition indicator
Wireless flash indicator
High-speed flash sync indicator
Aperture/Exposure-compensation display
Drive mode indicator
Cartridge mark
Film transport signal
Frame counter/Multiple-exposure/
Custom-function setting display
6
Spot/AE lock indicator
High-speed sync indicator
Flash signal
7
QUICK OPERATION
1. Insert batteries.
• This camera uses two CR2 lithium
batteries.
2. Attach lens.
• Align the red mounting dot on the lens
with the one on the camera. Gently
insert the lens into the mount and turn it
clockwise until it clicks into the locked
position.
3. Turn on power.
• Slide the main switch to ON.
QUICK OPERATION
5. Set Full-Auto operation.
• Press the program-reset button to set the
camera to fully-automatic operation.
6. If using a zoom lens, rotate
the zooming ring to frame
your subject as desired.
7. Center your subject in the
focus frame, then press the
shutter release button
partway down.
•
4. Load film.
• Align the film tip with the red mark, then
close the back cover.
8
The camera will focus and set exposure
automatically.
8. Take the picture.
• Gently press the shutter-release button
all the way down to take the picture.
9
LEVEL I
This section provides the information necessary to operate your
camera in most photographic situations.
This section covers:
• Battery Installation
• Attaching and Removing the Lens
• Loading the Film
• Camera Handling
• Fully Automatic Camera Operation
• Special Focus Situations
• Basic Flash Operation
• Rewinding the Film
Once you fully understand the instructions in this section, proceed to
Level II, Level III, and Additional Features to obtain more enjoyment
from your camera.
10
G E T T I N G S TA R T E D
Attaching the Strap
BATTERIES
BATTERIES
Installing the Batteries
Checking Battery Power
Your camera uses two 3V CR2 lithium batteries to supply power for
all camera operations.
1. Using a coin or similar
object, turn the batterychamber lock to OPEN, then
open the battery-chamber
door.
Each time the main switch is set to ON, a battery symbol appears in
the data panel indicating the power status of the batteries.
Full-battery symbol
Power is sufficient for all camera
operations.
•
will only appear for five seconds.
Blinking low-battery symbol
2. Insert the batteries as
indicated by the + and –
marks.
3. Close the battery-chamber
door, then turn the batterychamber lock to CLOSE.
Power is extremely low. All functions
are operational, but the batteries will
need to be replaced soon. Flash
recycling time may be slow.
Blinking low-battery symbol
appears alone and the shutter
locks.
Power is insufficient for camera
operation. Replace the batteries.
• Setting the camera down with the batterychamber door open may damage the
camera.
No display
Power is too low for the camera to
operate. Replace the batteries or make
sure they have been inserted correctly.
12
13
LENS
LENS
Attaching the Lens
Removing the Lens
1. Remove the body and rear
lens caps.
1. Press the lens release and
turn the lens counterclockwise until it stops.
2. Gently remove the lens and
replace caps, or attach
another lens.
2. Align the red mounting dots
on the lens and camera body.
Caution
3. Gently insert the lens into the
mount, then turn it clockwise
until it clicks into the locked
position.
• Do not force the lens if it does not turn smoothly.
• Do not touch the inside of the camera, especially the lens
contacts and mirror.
• Do not insert the lens at an angle.
• Do not press the lens release when
attaching the lens.
14
15
LOADING FILM
LOADING FILM
Check the film window before loading film. If film is loaded, do not
open the back cover. Refer to Manual Rewind on page 28 for
instructions on removing a partially exposed roll.
• Load film in the shade to reduce the chances of fogging the film.
• Do not use Polaroid Instant 35mm film. Winding problems may occur.
• If DX-coded film is used, the camera automatically sets the correct ISO (film
speed).
• If non DX-coded film is used, the camera will use the previous roll’s ISO
setting. Refer to page 58 to set the film speed manually.
• Do not use infrared film in this camera. The camera’s frame counter sensor will
fog infrared film.
3. Extend the leader between the
guide rails to the index mark.
• If the film tip extends beyond the index
mark, push the excess film back into the
cartridge.
4. Close the back cover.
1. Slide the back-cover release
down to open the back cover.
• The camera automatically advances the
film to the first frame. 1 will appear in the
frame counter.
• The ISO is displayed in the data panel for
5 seconds after loading.
2. Insert a film cartridge into the
film chamber.
•
The shutter curtain’s precision design
makes it extremely sensitive to
pressure. Never touch it with your
fingers or the film tip.
16
blinks in the frame counter and the
shutter locks when the film is loaded
incorrectly. Open the back cover and
repeat steps 2 – 4.
If film is loaded with the power off…
The films ISO and
appear in the data panel for approx. five
seconds to indicate successful loading, then the camera shuts
down.
• If the film did not load,
will blink in the data panel before the camera
shuts down. Reload the film.
17
HANDLING THE CAMERA
Holding the Camera
Grip the camera firmly with your
right hand, while supporting the
lens with your left. Keep your
elbows at your side and your feet
shoulder-width apart to hold the
camera steady. Keep the camera
strap around your neck or wrist in
the event you accidentally drop
the camera.
• Do not touch the end of the lens
barrel while taking a picture.
• Use a tripod when using slow
shutter speeds or a telephoto lens.
Pressing the Shutter-Release Button
Press the shutter-release button partway
down to activate the camera’s autofocus and
auto-exposure systems.
Gently press the shutter-release button all the way
down to take the picture.
18
F U L LY - A U T O M AT I C
O P E R AT I O N
Full-Auto is the camera’s standard operating mode and is
suited for use in almost any situation. When selected, the
camera sets the focus and exposure automatically and fires
the built-in flash when necessary. Use Full-Auto when you
are just starting out or when you are shooting under
conditions that would require you to constantly adjust the
focus and/or exposure.
TAKING PICTURES IN FULL-AUTO
TAKING PICTURES IN FULL-AUTO
1. Slide the main switch to ON.
5. Press the shutter-release
button all the way down to
take the picture.
• In low-light conditions, the AF illuminator
(flash) will fire to determine focus distance.
• Use focus hold (p23) if your subject is
outside the focus frame.
2. Press the program-reset
button to set the camera to
Full-Auto.
• The camera will return to its default
settings (p81).
Focus Signals
The following signals appear in
the viewfinder to indicate the focus
status when the shutter release
button is pressed partway down.
3. If using a zoom lens, rotate
the lens’ zooming ring to
frame the subject as desired.
Focus is confirmed
Continuous autofocus – Focus is confirmed
4. Center your subject in the
focus frame [ ], then press
the shutter-release button
partway down to activate
autofocus.
•
or
will appear in the viewfinder
when focus is confirmed.
• The built-in flash will pop-up and fire when
necessary.
20
Continuous autofocus – Lens focusing
Shutter is locked
Focus cannot be confirmed – Shutter is locked.
Subject is too close or is one of the special focus
situations described on page 22.
21
SPECIAL FOCUS SITUATIONS
The camera may not be able to focus in situations like those
described below. When the focus lamp blinks, use focus hold (p23)
or manual focus (p53). See page 21 for an explanation of the focus
signals.
FOCUS HOLD
Use focus hold when your subject is
outside the focus frame or when
autofocus is difficult to confirm.
If the subject within the focus frame is
very bright, or low in contrast.
Focus hold cannot be used for moving subjects.
If two subjects at different distances
overlap in the focus frame.
1. Center your subject in the
focus frame, then press the
shutter-release button
partway down.
•
appears in the viewfinder when the
focus is confirmed.
• Focus hold also locks the exposure
settings.
If a subject composed of alternating light
and dark lines completely fills the focus
frame.
If your subject is near a very bright
object or area.
2. Continue to hold the shutterrelease button partway down
while you compose your
picture.
3. Press the shutter-release
button the rest of the way
down to take the picture.
• Remove your finger from the shutterrelease button to cancel focus hold.
22
23
USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH
In Full- Auto mode (P), the built-in flash pops-up automatically when
the shutter release button is pressed partway down. Once the flash is
up, it will fire when necessary.
USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH
Flash Signals
Flash is charged.
• The shutter will not release until the flash is charged.
• Select flash cancel ( ) when you don’t want the flash to fire.
• Pressing the program-reset button (P) resets the flash to autoflash mode.
Previous exposure was correct.
Do not use the built-in flash with focal lengths shorter
than 28mm. The built-in flash cannot cover focal
lengths wider than 28mm.
Flash Range
Custom Function 5 (p77) lets you cancel the built-in flash’s
auto pop-up feature. When selected, the flash-mode button
must be pressed to raise the built-in flash.
The range of the built-in flash depends on the speed of the film and
the selected aperture. Make sure your subject is within the flash
range specified in the table below.
Make sure you are at least 1m (3.3 ft.) from your subject
when using the built-in flash.
Lens Shadowing
Lens shadowing occurs when the lens or lens hood blocks part of the
output from the built-in flash. Lens shadowing appears as semicircular shaded area at the bottom (horizontal) or side (vertical) of
your image.
• Remove the lens hood before using the built-in flash.
• Lens shadowing may occur with the following lenses at shorter focal lengths.
AF Zoom 28-70mm f/2.8G
AF Zoom 17-35mm f/3.5G
AF Zoom 28-135mm f/4.0-4.5
AF Zoom 28-85mm f/3.5-4.5
Aperture
ISO 100
ISO 200
ISO 400
f/2.8
1.0 ~ 4.3m
(3.3 ~ 14.1 ft.)
1.0 ~ 6.1m
(3.3 ~ 20. ft.)
1.0 ~ 8.6m
(3.3 ~ 28.2 ft.)
f/3.5
1.0 ~ 3.4m
(3.3 ~ 11.2 ft.)
1.0 ~ 4.8m
(3.3 ~ 15.7 ft.)
1.0 ~ 6.8m
(3.3 ~ 22.3 ft.)
f/4.0
1.0 ~ 3.0m
(3.3 ~ 9.8 ft.)
1.0 ~ 4.2m
(3.3 ~ 13.8 ft.)
1.0 ~ 6.0m
(3.3 ~ 19.7 ft.)
f/5.6
1.0 ~ 2.1m
(3.3 ~ 6.9 ft.)
1.0 ~ 3.0m
(3.3 ~ 9.8 ft.)
1.0 ~ 4.3m
(3.3 ~ 14.1 ft.)
• The built-in flash can not be used with the following lenses:
AF 300mm f/2.8 (APO tele)
AF 600mm f/4.0 (APO tele)
24
25
USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH
USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH
Fill Flash
Red-Eye Reduction
Use fill flash when taking pictures under fluorescent lighting or to
eliminate harsh shadows. When set, the flash will fire every time a
picture is taken. The TTL automatic flash metering system will ensure
correct exposure.
Press the flash-mode button and
turn the control dial until
appears in the data panel.
• Make sure your subject is within the flash
range specified in the table on page 25.
• Press the flash-mode button and turn the
control dial until
appears to return to
autoflash mode.
• For quick shots, hold the flash-mode button
down when pressing the shutter-release
button to fire the fill flash.
Flash Cancel
Use flash cancel when photographing twilight scenes or to capture
the ambiance of existing light.
Press the flash-mode button and
turn the control dial until
appears in the data panel.
• Press the flash-mode button and turn the
control dial until
appears to return to
autoflash mode.
Light reflecting from your subject’s eyes may produce the effect
known as red-eye. Use the built-in flash’s red-eye-reduction mode
to produce more natural looking photographs by reducing the redeye effect.
1. Turn the function dial to
.
2. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until
and ON appear in the data
panel.
• Warn your subject that the flash will fire a
few short flash bursts just before the
picture is taken.
Cancelling Red-eye Reduction
Turn the function dial to
,
then press the function button
and turn the control dial until
and OFF appear in the data
panel.
The shutter speed may be slow.
Use of a tripod is recommended.
26
27
REWINDING THE FILM
Automatic Rewind
After you have exposed the last frame, the camera will automatically
rewind the film. When the film is completely rewound, the motor will
stop and
will blink in the data panel indicating it is safe to open
the back of the camera.
1. Wait until the film is
completely rewound.
•
will appear and
panel.
will blink in the data
2. Slide the back-cover release
down to open the back cover.
3. Remove the film, then close
the back cover.
Manual Rewind
Use manual rewind to rewind the film before the current roll is
finished.
1. Press the manual-rewind
button.
LEVEL II
Now that you are comfortable with the operation of the
camera, take more control of the creative process by
telling the camera what kind of picture you want to take.
The subject program modes let you take more control
without leaving the program exposure mode. In each of the
subject program modes, the camera will automatically set the
best possible shutter speed and aperture for the type of picture
you are taking.
This section also lets you explore the use of the Self-timer and
Continuous Advance modes.
Subject Program Selection
Page
Portrait Mode
30
Landscape Mode
31
Close-Up Mode
32
Sports Mode
33
Night Portrait Mode
34
Photographing Night Scenes
35
Drive Mode
Self Timer
Continuous Advance
Page
36
37
Each of these functions can be explored independently after Level I
has been mastered.
• Press the program-reset button to return the camera to Full-Auto operation.
2. Follow steps 1-3 from
Automatic Rewind.
28
SUBJECT PROGRAM SELECTION
SUBJECT PROGRAM SELECTION
Portrait Mode
Landscape Mode
Portraits have the greatest impact
when a shallow depth-of-field* is
used to separate the subject from
the background. In Portrait mode,
the necessary settings are made
automatically, leaving you free to
capture the perfect expression.
* Depth-of-field is the area in front of
and behind the point you focused
on that appears sharp (p41).
Landscape photography requires
a large depth-of-field to make
sure everything is in focus. In
Landscape mode, the camera is
set to obtain the greatest depthof-field possible, while
maintaining a shutter speed fast
enough to prevent blur due to
camera shake.
Press the subject-program
button until the subject-program
pointer is under
.
Tips
• For best results use a mid-telephoto lens with a large aperture.
• Use flash when your subject is backlit or there are strong
shadows across the face (p26).
• Lock focus on your subject’s eyes and be ready to capture the
perfect expression.
30
Press the subject-program
button until the subject-program
pointer is under
.
Tips
• For best results zoom to a wide view or use a wide angle lens
and include a foreground subject or detail to create a feeling of
depth in the picture.
• Use flash when a subject in the foreground is backlit or has
strong shadows across the face. If there is no subject in the
foreground, do not use flash.
• Use a tripod, especially at slower shutter speeds.
31
SUBJECT PROGRAM SELECTION
SUBJECT PROGRAM SELECTION
Close-Up Mode
Sports Mode
Set Close-Up mode when
photographing small objects like
flowers or jewelry. In Close-Up
mode, the camera automatically
sets the best possible aperture
and shutter speed for the picture
you are taking.
Fast shutter speeds are needed to
stop action. In Sports mode, the
camera will set the fastest possible
shutter speed and continually
adjust the focus to track fastmoving subjects.
Press the subject-program
button until the subject-program
pointer is under
.
Tips
• For best results use a macro lens or a macro capable zoom lens.
• Do not use the built-in flash if your subject is closer than 1.0m
(3.3 ft.). The lens may block the flash, creating a shadow at the
bottom of your image (lens shadowing).
• Use a tripod to reduce camera shake.
Press the subject-program
button until the subject-program
pointer is under
.
Tips
• The built-in flash is only effective when your subject is within the
flash range.
• Use fast film and keep the focus frame on your subject.
• Mount the camera on a tripod when using telephoto lenses.
• Use Spot AF to hold the focus in Sports mode (p52).
32
33
SUBJECT PROGRAM SELECTION
SUBJECT PROGRAM SELECTION
Night Portrait Mode
Photographing Night Scenes
Night portraits require the camera’s
flash exposure to be balanced with
the background exposure. In Night
Portrait mode, the camera sets the
largest possible aperture with a
longer shutter speed, allowing the
background to appear in the
photograph.
Cancel the flash in Night Portrait
mode to photograph night scenes.
The longer shutter speeds set in
Night Portrait mode let you
capture beautiful photographs of
twilight scenes and night skylines.
Press the subject-program
button until the subject-program
pointer is under
.
1. Press the subject-program
button until the subjectprogram pointer is under
.
2. Press the flash-mode button
and turn the control dial until
appears in the data panel.
Tips
• Set the flash to
or
when using Night Portrait mode.
See pages 26 and 27.
• Use faster film and a tripod.
• Focus on the main part of your subject.
• Warn your subject not to move while the picture is taken.
Tips
• Use faster film and a tripod.
• If you are photographing a dark night scene, it may be difficult for
the camera to focus, use focus hold (p23) or manual focus (p53).
34
35
SELF-TIMER
CONTINUOUS - ADVANCE MODE
The self-timer delays the release of the shutter for approximately 10
seconds after the shutter-release button is pressed.
1. Place the camera on a tripod,
then press the self-timer
button until
appears in the
data panel.
In this mode, the camera continues to
release the shutter and advance the
film as long as the shutter-release
button is held down.
• AF Zoom xi and Power zoom lenses
cannot be zoomed when continuousadvance mode is selected.
1. Press the drive-mode button
until
appears in the data
panel.
2. Center your subject in the
focus frame.
3. Press the shutter-release
button all the way down to
start the timer.
• The self-timer indicator on the front of the
camera will blink, then glow just before the
shutter releases.
• Self-timer mode is cancelled after the shutter is released.
• Do not press the shutter-release button while standing in front of the camera.
• Attach the eyepiece cap if there is a bright light source behind the camera (p49).
2. Press the shutter-release
button down and hold.
• When taking flash pictures, the shutter will
release after the flash is charged.
• When the subject is moving, the shutter will
release after the camera focuses on the
subject.
• To return to single frame mode, press the
drive mode button until
appears in the
data panel.
Press the self-timer button or slide the main switch to
LOCK to cancel the self-timer before the shutter
releases.
36
37
A-MODE – APERTURE PRIORITY
In A-mode, you select the aperture and the camera automatically
sets the shutter speed required for proper exposure. Set the camera
to A-mode when you want to control the range of sharpness (depthof-field) in an image. Refer to Aperture Control on page 41.
1. Turn the function dial to
LEVEL III
.
In this section you take full creative control of your camera.
Depending on the selected exposure mode, you will control
the aperture, shutter speed, or both to capture your image.
In the previous sections, only the Program (P) exposure
mode has been explored. Here you will learn to use the
Aperture Priority (A), Shutter Priority (S), and Manual (M)
exposure modes. Select A-mode to control the depth-of-field
in your images. Set S-mode to control the way moving
subjects appear in your images. Set M-mode when you want
full control over all the exposure functions.
A-Mode
S-Mode
M-Mode
Manually select aperture
Manually select shutter speed
Manually select the shutter speed
and the aperture
• Each exposure mode can be explored independently.
39
42
45
2. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until A
appears in the data panel.
3. Turn the control dial to select
the aperture.
If 4000 or 30 s blinks in the data panel, the required setting is
beyond the camera’s shutter speed range. Turn the control dial
until the blinking stops.
39
A-MODE – APERTURE PRIORITY
A-MODE – APERTURE PRIORITY
A-Mode Flash
Aperture Control
When the built-in flash is up or an attached accessory flash is on, it
will fire each time a picture is taken. The camera’s TTL automatic
flash metering system will ensure proper exposure.
Press the flash-mode button to
pop-up the built-in flash.
•
will appear in the data panel.
• The shutter speed is automatically set to
1/125 or slower.
• A smaller aperture (larger f-number) will
result in a shorter flash range. Refer to
Flash Range (p25) to determine the range
of the built-in flash at the selected aperture.
If 125 blinks in the viewfinder and the
data panel, the light level is too
bright for the selected aperture. Turn
the control dial until the blinking
stops or cancel the flash.
Cancelling the Flash
Push the built-in flash down or turn the accessory flash off.
•
will be displayed in the data panel.
40
Large Aperture
(small f-number)
Small Aperture
(large f-number)
The size of the aperture (lens opening) determines the depth-of-field
in the final image as well as the intensity of the light falling on the
film. Depth-of-field is the range in front of and behind the focus point
that appears sharp in the final image. In the viewfinder, only the
plane the camera is focused on will appear sharp. The photographed
image however, will have a depth-of-field corresponding to the
selected aperture.
Large apertures (small numbers) limit the depth-of-field to a narrow
range in front of and behind the point of focus. Set a larger aperture
when photographing portraits to make your subject stand out from
the background.
Small apertures (large numbers) provide greater depth-of-field. Set a
small aperture when photographing landscapes to ensure your entire
scene is sharp.
• Usable apertures will depend on the aperture range of the lens you are using.
41
S-MODE – SHUTTER PRIORITY
S-MODE – SHUTTER PRIORITY
In S-mode, you select the shutter speed and the camera
automatically sets the aperture required for proper exposure. Use
S-mode when you want to control the blur caused by subject
movement.
1. Turn the function dial to
S-Mode Flash
When the built-in flash is up or an attached accessory flash is on, it
will fire each time a picture is taken. Flash exposure is controlled by
the camera’s TTL automatic flash metering system.
.
1. Press the flash-mode button
to pop-up the built-in flash.
•
will appear in the data panel.
2. Turn the control dial to select
any shutter speed up to
1/125th of a second.
2. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until S
appears in the data panel.
• The camera automatically sets the aperture
for the selected shutter speed.
Cancelling the Flash
3. Turn the control dial to select
the shutter speed.
Push the built-in flash down or turn the accessory
flash off.
•
will be displayed in the data panel.
• The number 60, or 125, displayed in the
data panel stands for 1/60th or 1/125th of a
second.
• The seconds indicator appears in the
viewfinder and data panel if the shutter
speed is one second or longer.
If the aperture display in the data panel blinks, the required
setting is outside the aperture range of the lens. Turn the control
dial until the blinking stops.
42
43
S-MODE – SHUTTER PRIORITY
M-MODE – MANUAL
M-mode gives you full control of the exposure. The camera’s meter
index displays how your settings compare to the exposure
determined by the camera’s metering system.
Shutter Control
1. Turn the function dial to
.
2. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until M
appears in the data panel.
Fast Shutter Speed
Slow Shutter Speed
In addition to controlling the duration of the exposure, shutter speed
determines how moving subjects will appear in the final image.
Depending on the speed of your subject, slow shutter speeds will
make a moving subject appear to flow, creating a feeling of motion.
In addition to stopping action, fast shutter speeds can help prevent
blur caused by camera movement during exposure, known as
camera shake.
3. Turn the control dial to select
the shutter speed.
• Use a fast shutter speed to stop the motion of your subject.
• Use a slow shutter speed to blur the motion of your subject.
4. Press the exposurecompensation button and turn
the control dial to select the
aperture.
44
45
M-MODE – MANUAL
M-MODE – MANUAL
Metering in Manual Mode
M-Mode Flash
In manual mode, the meter index in the viewfinder and the data
panel indicates how your exposure compares with the camera’s
meter reading.
When the built-in flash is up or an attached accessory flash is on, it
will fire each time a picture is taken. Flash exposure is controlled by
the camera’s TTL automatic flash metering system.
1. Press the flash-mode button
to pop-up the built-in flash.
– The exposure will overexpose your subject.
•
will appear in the data panel.
2. Turn the control dial to select
any shutter speed up to
1/125th of a second.
– The exposure will underexpose your subject.
3. Press the exposurecompensation button and turn
the control dial to select the
aperture.
If an exposure compensation indicator does not
appear, your settings agree with the exposure
determined by the camera.
• Refer to the flash range table on page 25
to determine the aperture setting and the
flash range.
Cancelling the Flash
Push the built-in flash down or turn the accessory flash off.
•
46
will be displayed in the data panel.
47
TAKING TIME EXPOSURES (buLb)
Set the shutter speed to bulb
when you want to take time
exposures. When bulb is selected,
the shutter remains open as long
as the shutter-release button is
pressed.
1. Mount the camera on a tripod.
2. Set the camera to M-mode,
then turn the control dial until
appears in the data
panel.
5. Firmly press the eyepiece cap
into the eyepiece.
• The eyepiece cap prevents light from
entering thru the viewfinder and affecting
the metered exposure.
6. Press and hold the shutterrelease button to take the
picture.
• The shutter remains open as long as the
button is pressed.
Attaching the Remote Cord
3. Press the exposurecompensation button and turn
the control dial to select the
aperture.
To reduce image blur, attach either the Remote Cord RC-1000S or
RC-1000L (sold separately).
1. Flip the remote-controlterminal cover up.
2. Insert the plug into the
terminal.
4. Compose the scene and
focus on your subject.
• If the scene is too dark for autofocus to
operate, press the focus-mode button and
focus the lens manually (p53).
48
Do not use the Wireless Controller IR-1N with this camera.
Permanent damage will occur.
49
FOCUS – Wide Focus Area
Wide focus area uses the camera’s
three focus sensors to automatically
focus on your subject. The wide
focus area provides greater framing
flexibility and makes it easier for the
camera to focus on moving
subjects. Wide focus area is the
camera’s standard focus mode.
ADDITIONAL
F E AT U R E S
The camera determines which sensor is
focusing on your subject and sets the
focus accordingly.
• The focus areas are not visible in the
viewfinder frame.
The focus area indicator in the
viewfinder tells you which sensor
the camera is using.
51
FOCUS – Spot AF
FOCUS – Manual Focus
Spot AF uses the center focus sensor and the current metering mode
(p55) to lock focus and exposure. The focus and exposure settings
remain locked until the spot AF button is released.
Focus the lens manually when autofocus is not suitable and focus
hold is not possible. The autofocus system will monitor focus and
indicate when a subject in the focus frame is in focus.
1. Place your subject inside the
spot-focus area.
1. Press the focus-mode button.
will appear in the
data panel.
2. Press and hold the spot AF
button.
2. Turn the focusing ring until
your subject appears sharp
and focused.
• Focus is confirmed when
the viewfinder.
appears in
will appear in the viewfinder,
indicating the center focus sensor is
being used.
•
appears in the viewfinder when the
subject in the focus frame is in focus.
• Press the focus-mode button again to
return to the autofocus mode.
AF Power Zoom and xi-Series Lenses
Pull and turn the control ring
until your subject appears
sharp.
3. Press the shutter-release
button all the way down to
take the picture.
• Focus and exposure readings are held until
the spot AF button is released.
52
53
FOCUS – AF Illuminator
The AF Illuminator is a secondary
function of the built-in flash. When the
scene is too dark for the camera to
focus accurately, the built-in flash fires
a few short bursts when the shutterrelease button is pressed partway
down to provide the illumination
necessary for the camera to focus on
your subject.
• Pressing the spot AF button also activates
the AF illuminator.
EXPOSURE – 14 Segment Metering
Fourteen-Segment Honeycomb-Pattern Metering uses information
from the autofocus system to set the metering pattern according to
the position of the main subject. The light metered by each
applicable segment is then evaluated to determine the degree of
spot-lighting or backlighting present in your scene. The focus-area
indicator displays the sensor being used when the shutter release
button is pressed partway down.
Fourteen-Segment Honeycomb-Pattern Metering is the camera’s
standard metering mode and is appropriate for most photographic
situations.
• The range of the AF Illuminator flash is approximately one to five
meters.
• The AF illuminator will not fire in continuous focus mode
or if
flash cancel ( ) is selected.
• The AF illuminator will not operate with 300mm or longer single
focal length lenses.
• The AF illuminator will not operate with 3x-1x Macro Zoom.
• When an accessory flash is attached, its AF illuminator will be
active in place of the camera’s AF illuminator.
Custom Function 9 (p80) lets you cancel the built-in flash’s
AF illuminator if it will interfere with your subject or is
inappropriate.
54
55
EXPOSURE – Spot Metering
Use only the center metering
segment to lock the exposure
settings without locking the focus.
The exposure remains locked until
the spot/AE lock button is released.
• Pressing the spot/AE lock button sets
the flash to slow sync mode (p66).
EXPOSURE – Exposure Compensation
The metering system in this
camera averages the readings
from each active metering
segment to determine an exposure
that will achieve an average
middle grey tone on the film.
Compensated Exposure
1. Place the spot-metering area
on the subject whose
exposure you want to lock.
Metered Exposure
2. Press and hold the spot/AE
lock button.
•
and the locked exposure will be
displayed in the viewfinder.
3. Recompose the scene as
desired, then press the
shutter-release button all the
way down to take the picture.
• The exposure is held until the spot/AE lock
button is released.
56
Bright scenes such as snow or beach
scenes are often underexposed. Dark
scenes are often overexposed. Exposure
compensation lets you adjust the metered
exposure +/– 3 stops in 1/2 stop
increments.
This effect is most visible when slide film is being used.
Press the exposurecompensation button and turn
the control dial until the desired
compensation value appears in
the data panel.
• Exposure compensation remains until it is
reset or cancelled.
• To cancel exposure-compensation, repeat
the above procedure and select 0.0 or
press the program-reset button.
• Exposure compensation is not available in
M-mode.
57
EXPOSURE – Setting the ISO Manually
EXPOSURE – Bracketing
Set the film speed manually when you want to override the DX-coded
film speed or when using non-DX-coded film. Film speeds can be set
from ISO 6 to 6400 in 1/3EV increments.
Film must be loaded before the ISO can be changed.
1. Turn the function dial to ISO.
Metered Exposure
1/2 Stop Under
1/2 Stop Over
This function automatically exposes a 3 frame 1/2 stop increment
bracketed series. The order of the exposures will be the metered
exposure, 1/2-stop under the metered exposure, 1/2 stop over the
metered exposure.
• The automatic bracketing feature cannot bracket flash exposures.
2. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until the
desired ISO value appears in
the data panel.
This effect is most visible when slide film is being used.
1. Turn the function dial to
.
2. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until
appears in the data panel.
•
appears in the frame counter after
the function button is released.
Continued on next page.
58
59
EXPOSURE – Bracketing
EXPOSURE – Bracketing
3. Select the desired drive mode.
• The drive mode is initially set to single (
or continuous (
) whichever was set
with exposure bracketing last.
)
Cancelling Bracketing
1. Turn the function dial to
.
2. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until OFF
appears in the data panel.
4. Focus on and frame your
subject, then press the
shutter-release button all the
way down to take the picture.
Hold the shutter-release button
down until the series is finished.
Press the shutter-release button
for each exposure.
• Exposure is locked on the first frame of the
series.
• The exposure settings will change
automatically.
Sliding the main switch to LOCK in the middle of a
bracketing series resets the bracketing series to the first
frame (
).
Bracketing with the
Exposure Compensation Button
Flash Notes
• The built-in flash is set to flash cancel (
) when bracketing is
selected.
• An attached Minolta accessory flash will be set to off when
bracketing is selected.
• If an AF series flash is mounted and on when bracketing is
selected,
will blink in the data panel and the shutter
will lock until the flash is turned off.
60
While pressing the exposurecompensation button, press the
shutter release button all the
way down and hold.
• The camera automatically exposes a three
frame bracketed series.
• Releasing either button before the series is
complete cancels the exposure series.
61
EXPOSURE – Multiple Exposure
EXPOSURE – Multiple Exposure
The multiple-exposure function
makes it possible to expose two
or more images on the same
frame.
blinks in the data panel,
indicating the next exposure
will be the last in the series.
• To take more than 2 exposures, repeat
steps 1 and 2 until ME glows in the data
panel.
1. Turn the function dial to
.
4. Press the shutter-release
button all the way down again
to take the last exposure.
• Multiple-exposure mode is cancelled after
the last exposure has been taken.
2. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until
appears in the data panel.
•
appears in the frame counter.
Cancelling Multiple Exposure
1. Turn the function dial to
.
2. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until OFF
appears in the data panel.
3. Compose the scene, then
press the shutter-release
button all the way down to
take the first exposure.
Sliding the main switch to LOCK does not cancel multiple
exposure mode.
62
63
EXPOSURE – Multiple Exposure
FLASH – High-Speed Sync
The maximum sync speed for this
camera is 1/125. However, with the
5400HS accessory flash (sold
separately) shutter speeds up to
1/4000 can be used. High-speed
sync (HSS) allows faster shutter
speeds when fill flash is used on
moving subjects outdoors.
Metering Multiple Exposures
The meter in your camera determines exposure (EV) based on the
assumption that only one exposure will be made on each frame.
When making multiple exposures, the EV for each additional
exposure needs to be reduced or over exposure will result.
• Compensation is not necessary if all of the exposures have dark backgrounds
and the subjects of the exposures will not overlap.
Compensate the exposures as follows:
Number of
Exposures
Exposure
Adjustment
• The above corrections are intended as a general guideline. Some testing may
be necessary to produce the desired results.
• Exposure can be compensated in 1/2 EV increments using the exposure
compensation function (p57) and in 1/3 EV increments by changing the ISO
manually (p58).
High-speed Sync
HSS also lets you use large aperture/high
shutter-speed combinations to separate
your subject from the background by
limiting the depth-of-field.
Conventional Fill Flash
Attach the 5400HS flash and set it to standard mode.
• The camera will automatically switch to HSS mode and H will appear in the
viewfinder and data panel.
• HSS cannot be used under fluorescent lights.
• Flash and color meters cannot meter the flash when high-speed sync is
selected.
Refer to the 5400HS instruction manual for details.
64
65
FLASH – Slow Sync
FLASH – Wireless/Remote Flash
In P and A-modes, slow-shutter
sync sets a slower shutter speed to
increase the background or ambient
lighting exposure in a flash picture.
Flash output will automatically be
decreased to maintain a correct
exposure of your subject.
Normal Flash
Slow-shutter Sync
Conventional Flash
1. Frame your subject.
2. While pressing the spot/AE
lock button, press the shutterrelease button all the way
down to take the picture.
• If the background is bright or a large
aperture is set (A-mode), the shutter speed
may not be reduced.
• Use a tripod if the shutter speed becomes
too slow to allow sharp, hand-held pictures
after you press the spot/AE lock button.
•
and the locked exposure will be
displayed in the viewfinder.
66
Wireless/Remote Flash
Wireless/Remote Flash is
available with the Minolta
5400HS, 5400xi, and 3500xi
accessory flashes.
Wireless/Remote flash lets you
experience the creative control
available with an accessory
flash.
In Wireless/Remote flash mode,
the off-camera flash is triggered
by a coded signal from the
camera’s built-in flash when
you press the shutter-release
button. When proper exposure
has been received, another
signal cuts the accessory flash
off.
You can also achieve a 2:1
lighting ratio automatically.
When remote ratio flash is
selected, the off-camera flash
provides 2/3 of the full
exposure while the built-in flash
provides the remaining 1/3.
Wireless/Remote Ratio Flash
67
FLASH – Wireless/Remote Flash
FLASH – Wireless/Remote Flash
Setting Wireless/Remote Flash Mode
Taking Pictures in Wireless/Remote Flash Mode
1. Attach the accessory flash to
the camera, then turn the
camera and the flash on.
The off-camera flash will provide all of the exposure.
1. Position your camera and 3500xi flash unit using the
information on this page.
• If you are not using the 3500xi flash, refer to your flash instruction manual for
the correct camera to subject and flash to subject distances.
2. Turn the function dial to WL.
3. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until WL
and On appear in the camera’s
data panel.
4. Detach the accessory flash,
then press the camera’s flash
mode button to raise the builtin flash.
Aperture
Camera – Subject Distance
3500xi – Subject Distance
f/2.8
1.4 – 5.0m (4.6 – 16 ft.)
1.0 – 5.0m (3.3 – 16 ft.)
f/4.0
1.0 – 5.0m (3.3 – 16 ft.)
0.7 – 4.5m (2.3 – 14.5 ft.)
f/5.6
1.0 – 5.0m (3.3 – 16 ft.)
0.5 – 3.2m (2.3 – 10.5 ft.)
• Calculated for ISO 100 film only.
Continued on next page.
68
69
FLASH – Wireless/Remote Flash
2. Wait until both flash units are
fully charged.
•
appears in the viewfinder when the builtin flash is charged.
• When the off-camera flash is charged, its
AF illuminator will blink.
FLASH – Wireless/Remote Flash
Cancelling Wireless/Remote Flash Mode
1. Attach the accessory flash to
the camera, then turn the
flash on.
2. Turn the function dial to WL.
Press the spot/AE lock button to test fire the accessory flash.
3. Press the shutter-release
button all the way down to
take the picture.
Wireless/Remote Ratio Flash
Press the flash-mode button when taking the picture. Both flashes
will fire when the shutter is release at a 2:1 ratio. The built-in flash
will provide 1/3 and the accessory flash will provide 2/3 of the total
exposure.
3. Press the function button and
turn the control dial until WL
and OFF appear in the
camera’s data panel.
4. Detach the accessory flash.
CAUTION:
70
Set CUSt – 8 (Spot/AE Lock) to setting 1
when Wireless/Remote flash mode is on. If
setting 2 is selected, test firing the flash will
activate slow-shutter sync (p80).
71
FOR OWNERS OF THE QUARTZ DATE MODEL
The Quartz-data function lets you record the date or time onto the
lower-right corner of the photograph. The quartz data back has an
automatic calendar through the year 2019.
• Imprinted data may be difficult to read if the lower-right corner of the
photograph is bright or non-uniform.
• Imprinting size and position may differ according to printing conditions.
• Do not use the data back when temperatures exceed the operating range of
0 to 50 °C (32 to 122 °F).
FOR OWNERS OF THE QUARTZ DATE MODEL
Setting the Date/Time
1. Press the mode button to choose
the data imprinting format.
• M will appear above the month.
Print indicator
Select button
Mode button
Adjust button
2. Use the select button (SEL) to
move between different parts of
the displayed data.
• The selected part will blink, indicating that it is
the data to be changed.
Exposing the Date/Time
Before taking the picture…
1. Press the mode button to choose
the data imprinting format.
• The display changes as follows:
3. Press the adjust button (ADJ) to
change the data to the correct
value.
• Data continues changing as long as the button is
held down.
• In time mode, pressing the ADJUST button while
: is blinking resets the seconds counter to zero
(not shown).
4. When all data is correct, press the
select button (SEL) until the data
stops blinking.
2. Take the picture.
• If the print indicator blinks after the shutter is
released, the data was exposed.
72
73
FOR OWNERS OF THE QUARTZ DATE MODEL
Replacing the Battery
The quartz data back uses a CR2025 lithium battery, located on the
inside of the back cover. Replace the battery if the display or
imprinted data becomes dim.
1. Open the back cover.
CUSTOM FUNCTIONS
Using the custom functions, you can tailor selected camera settings
to suit your shooting style or preferences. The functions you can
customize are explained on pages 76-80.
Setting the Custom Functions
1. Turn the function dial to CUST.
2. Using a coin or similar object,
turn the battery cover
counter-clockwise, then
remove it.
2. Turn the control dial to select
the number of the custom
function you want to change.
3. Press the function button and
turn the control dial to select
the desired setting.
3. Remove the old battery and
replace it with a new one.
4. Turn the function dial to any
position other than CUST.
• The + side should face up.
• The shutter cannot be released if the
function dial is set to CUST.
4. Replace the battery cover,
then reset the date and time.
To reset all of the custom functions to their
default setting (1) …
1. Slide the main switch to LOCK.
2. Turn the function dial to CUST.
3. Press the function button and slide the main
switch from LOCK to ON.
•
74
will blink in the data panel.
75
CUSTOM FUNCTIONS
CUSTOM FUNCTIONS
Cust 1 – AF Release Priority
Cust 4 – DX Memory
1 – AF priority
1 – DX Memory Off
Shutter will not release until
or
appears in the viewfinder.
2 – Release Priority
Shutter releases even if the focus cannot be confirmed. Use Release
priority when photographing moving subjects.
• When continuous-advance mode is selected, the camera will not update the
focus while the shutter-release button is pressed.
Film speed is always set to the DX-coded ISO. Non-DX-coded film is
set to the ISO of the previous roll.
2 – DX Memory On
Changes to the film speed for a DX coded roll are saved and applied
to future rolls with the same DX coded ISO. Use to consistently
over/under-expose a specific film type.
• Film must be loaded before the ISO can be changed.
Cust 2 – Film Rewind Start
1 – Automatic
Cust 5 – Flash Control in P Mode
Film is automatically rewound at the end of the roll.
1 – Autoswitchover
2 – Manual
Built-in flash pops-up when shutter-release button is pressed partway
down. Flash will fire when necessary.
Press the manual-rewind button to initiate
rewind. (p28).
2 – Fill Flash (Manual Switchover)
Flash-mode button must be pressed to
raise the built-in flash (p26). Flash will fire
every time the shutter is released.
Cust 3 – Film Tip
1 – Film is completely rewound into the cartridge.
• The TTL exposure system will ensure
correct exposure.
• Push the built-in flash down to select
flash cancel ( ).
2 – Leader is left out of the
cartridge after rewind.
• Sliding the main switch to LOCK
during rewind causes the film to be
rewound into the cartridge when the
power is switched back on.
76
77
CUSTOM FUNCTIONS
CUSTOM FUNCTIONS
Cust 6 – Focus-hold button (LENS)
Cust 7 – Spot AF button
The mounted lens must have a focus hold button.
1 – Focus Hold
Pressing the focus-hold button on
the lens locks the focus.
1 – Spot Focus
Press the Spot AF button to lock
the focus using the center focus
sensor (p52).
2 – Selectable focus area
Press the Spot AF button and turn the
control dial to specify the desired local
focus area.
2 – Spot Focus
Pressing the focus-hold button on the lens selects the center focus
sensor (p51).
3 – Continuous Focus
Select this setting when focusing on moving subjects.
Pressing the focus-hold button on the lens selects continuous focus.
• The selected focus area is displayed in
the viewfinder data panel.
• The focus area remains selected until it is
changed or CUSt – 7 is returned to
setting 1.
• When the RF 500mm lens or the AF
Power Zoom 35-80mm lens is attached,
only the center local focus area can be
selected.
Local Focus Area Locations
The sequence is:
Wide focus area
78
Left local focus area
Center spot focus area
Right local focus area
79
CUSTOM FUNCTIONS
Cust 8 – Spot/AE Lock button
1 – Press to activate
Spot area is used for metering until the spot button is released.
2 – Press once to activate, press again to cancel.
Spot metering area is used for metering until the spot/AE lock button
is pressed again.
APPENDIX
• Slow-shutter sync is set when the flash is selected.
Cust 9 – AF Illuminator (built-in flash)
1 – AF IIluminator on
When the built-in flash is up, its AF illuminator will fire when
necessary to assist focus.
• The AF illuminator does not fire when flash cancel (
Program Reset Button
Press the program-reset button to return the following camera
functions to their program settings.
FUNCTION
P-MODE SETTING
) is selected.
Exposure mode
P mode
2 – AF Illuminator cancelled
Focus mode
Autofocus
The built-in flash’s AF illuminator will not fire. Other flash functions
will operate normally.
Flash mode
Auto-on
• An attached accessory flash’s AF illuminator will not be cancelled.
Exposure Compensation
Film-drive mode
+/– 0
Single-frame advance
Self-timer
Cancelled
Wireless/Remote Flash
Cancelled
Bracketing
Cancelled
Multiple Exposure
Cancelled
• Date, red-eye reduction, ISO settings, and custom function settings
will not change.
• Pressing the program-reset button will also reset an attached
dedicated accessory flash’s program settings. Refer to the flash
instruction manual for details.
80
ACCESSORY INFORMATION
This camera is designed to work specifically with lenses and
accessories manufactured and distributed by Minolta. Using
incompatible accessories with this camera may result in
unsatisfactory performance or damage the camera and accessories.
Compatibility of Accessories
Lenses
• All Minolta AF lenses can be used with this camera.
• MD and MC series lenses (manual focus) cannot be used with
this camera.
ACCESSORY INFORMATION
Accessory Flash Control
When using an accessory flash, the desired flash mode can be
selected using the camera or the flash.
CAMERA
Press the flash-mode button and
turn the control dial to select the
desired flash mode.
• The camera transfers data to the
accessory flash immediately.
Flashes
• All Minolta i, si, and HS series flash units, and the Vectis SF-1
flash, are compatible with this camera. The flash will always fire
when the flash unit is on. (Unless Custom Function #5 is set to
Autoflash (setting 1). In this case, the flash will fire only when
necessary when it is on and the camera is in Full-Auto and
Subject Program modes.)
• The Flash Shoe Adapter FS-1100 is required to mount AF series
flash units (4000AF, 2800AF, 1800AF, and Macro flash 1200AF).
• When the FS-1100 is used…
- The flash will fire every time the shutter is released.
- The AF illuminator will not activate.
- The built-in flash is set to fill flash when the accessory flash is
removed.
• X-series flashes and flashes sold by other manufacturers cannot
be used with this camera.
FLASH
Press the flash’s ON/OFF button
to select the desired flash mode.
• Data is not transferred from the flash until
the shutter-release button is pressed
partway down.
• Fill flash cannot be selected when the
camera is set to Full-Auto or any of the
Subject Program modes.
Others
• The following accessories are not compatible with this camera:
Control Grip CG-1000
Data Receiver DR-1000
Creative Expansion Cards
Anglefinder
Magnifier
Wireless Controller IR-1N
• Permanent damage will occur if the Wireless Controller IR-1N is
used with this camera.
82
83
ACCESSORY INFORMATION
EXPOSURE WARNINGS
For owners of the optional lens kits
Indicators will blink in the viewfinder or data panel when there is a
problem with the exposure.
Lens Hood
Flare is non-image forming light that degrades image quality. A lens
hood improves image quality by reducing flare.
• Remove a lens hood before using the camera’s built-in flash.
Fit the lens hood into the mount
at the end of the lens barrel,
then turn the hood clockwise
until it stops.
MODE
Light level is
beyond the
range of
available
shutter
speeds and
apertures.
P
Scene or
subject
brightness is
beyond the
camera’s
metering
range.
A
The required
shutter
speed is
beyond the
range of the
camera.
S
The required
aperture is
beyond the
range of the
lens.
Lens Specifications
Construction:
Angle of View:
Min. Focus Distance:
Max. Magnification:
Min. Aperture:
Filter Diameter:
Dimensions:
Weight:
AF Zoom
28 – 80mm f/3.5-5.6
7 elements/ 7 groups
63° – 34°
0.5m (1.6 ft.)
0.15X
f/22–27
49mm
68.5 x 63mm
210g (7.44 oz)
10 elements/10 groups
75° – 30°
0.38m (1.2 ft.)
0.26X
f/22–38
62mm
69 x 74mm
230g (8.125 oz)
• Specifications are based on the latest information available at the
time of printing and are subject to change without notice.
84
CAUSE
P
A
S
M
• To store the hood, reverse it, attach it to
the lens , then replace the lens cap.
AF Zoom
35 – 70mm f/3.5-4.5
DISPLAY
ACTION
Bright Light: use
slower speed
film, a neutral
density (ND)
filter, or reduce
the light level of
your
surroundings.
Low Light: use
higher speed
film or a flash.
Select a larger
or smaller
aperture until the
display stops
blinking.
Select a faster
or slower shutter
speed until the
display stops
blinking.
85
TROUBLE SHOOTING
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Contact your nearest Minolta Service Facility if the following
information does not cover the problem which you are experiencing
or the condition continues.
PROBLEM
CAUSE
SOLUTION
PAGE
Batteries are loaded incorrectly.
Remove and reinstall the batteries.
12
Batteries are exhausted.
If the camera battery is exhausted, install a new battery.
12
Situation is unsuitable for autofocus.
Use focus hold or manual focus.
Camera is set to manual focus mode.
Press the focus mode button to return the camera to
autofocus mode.
Subject is too close.
Check the minimum focus distance for your lens.
Focus cannot be confirmed.
Use focus hold or manual focus.
Camera is attached to a microscope
or telescope.
Contact a Minolta service facility for information.
–
Flash fires when the
shutter-release button is
pressed partway down.
The AF illuminator is on.
This is a normal camera operation.
–
Flash picture is too dark.
Subject is beyond flash range.
Make sure the subject is within the flash range.
25
Lower part of flash
picture is dark.
Lens hood attached.
Remove lens hood.
84
Camera Malfunction
Remove and reinstall the batteries. If normal camera
operation does not resume or the camera malfunctions
repeatedly, contact an authorized Minolta Service
Facility.
12
No display appears
when the camera is
switched on.
Autofocus does not
work when shutterrelease button is
pressed partway down.
Shutter cannot be
released.
Err appears in the data
panel.
86
23/53
53
–
23/53
87
CARE AND STORAGE
CARE AND STORAGE
Operating Temperature and Conditions
Cleaning
• This camera is designed for use from -20 to 50 °C (4 to 122 °F).
• Never leave your camera where it may be subjected to extreme
temperatures such as the glove compartment of a car.
• Data panel response time will be slow at colder temperatures.
The display will temporarily darken at higher temperatures, but
will restore when the temperature normalizes.
• Never subject the camera to extreme humidity.
• To prevent condensation from forming, place the camera in a
sealed plastic bag when bringing it from cold environment to a
warm environment. Allow it to come to room temperature before
removing it from the bag.
• The low-battery symbol may appear even with fresh batteries
depending on the storage conditions. To restore camera power,
repeat turning the camera on and off.
• Battery capacity decreases at colder temperatures. Keep your
camera and spare batteries in a warm inside pocket when
shooting in cold weather. Batteries will regain some of their
capacity when warmed to normal operating temperature.
Storage
When storing your camera for extended periods,
• Always attach the protective caps.
• Store in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area away from dust and
chemicals such as moth balls. For long periods, place the camera
in an airtight container with a silica gel drying agent.
• Periodically release the camera’s shutter to keep it operating
properly.
• Before using after prolonged storage, check the camera’s
operation to make sure it is functioning properly.
88
• If the camera or lens barrel is dirty, wipe it gently with a soft,
clean, dry cloth.
If the camera or lens comes in contact with sand, gently blow
away loose particles - wiping may scratch the surface.
• To clean the lens surface, first brush away any dust or sand then,
if necessary, moisten a lens tissue with lens cleaning fluid and
gently wipe the lens in a circular motion, starting from the center.
• Never place lens fluid directly on the lens.
• Never touch the interior of the camera, especially the shutter and
mirror, doing so may impair their alignment and movement. Dust
on the mirror will not affect the picture quality.
• Never use compressed air to clean the camera’s interior, it may
cause damage to sensitive interior parts.
• Never use organic solvents to clean the camera.
• Never touch the lens surface with your fingers.
Before Important Events
• Check the camera’s operation carefully, or take test photographs.
• Minolta is not responsible for any loss that may occur due to an
equipment malfunction.
Questions and Service
• If you have questions about your camera, contact your local
camera dealer or write to the Minolta distributor in your area.
• Before shipping your camera for repair, please contact an
authorized Minolta Service Facility for details.
89
SPECIFICATIONS
Camera Type:
Lens Mount:
Viewfinder:
Shutter
Type:
Speeds:
Flash sync speed:
Focus
Type:
35mm SLR with built-in flash, autoexposure
(AE), and action predictive autofocus (AF)
Minolta A-type bayonet mount
SLR roof mirror type, 90% field of view,
Magnification: 0.75X
Film Transport
Loading:
Drive Modes:
Rewind:
Electronically-controlled, vertical-traverse,
focal-plane type
30 sec. - 1/4000 sec., bulb
1/125 or slower (synchronizes with all speeds
in HSS mode).
TTL phase-detection system, multi metering
with cross hair type CCD line sensor
metering cell. Autofocus and manual focus
modes.
AF Sensitivity Range: EV -1 to18 (ISO 100)
AF Illuminator:
Built-in with range of 1.0 - 5.0m.
Automatically activated in low-light/ lowcontrast situations.
AF Control:
Single-shot, continuous, automatic AF-mode
selection.
Exposure
Modes:
P, A, S, M, and 5 Subject Program modes
(Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night
Portrait)
Type:
TTL metering; direct TTL metering for flash
Metering Cell:
14-segment honeycomb pattern SPC for
ambient light and flash-metering SPC for
flash.
Metering Range:
Multi-segment metering: EV 1 - 20, Spot
metering: EV 4 - 20
(ISO 100, f/1.4 lens)
Film-speed Setting: Automatic: ISO 25 to 5000 for DX-coded film.
Manual: ISO 6 to 6400 in 1/3 EV increments.
Flash: ISO 25 - 1000.
90
SPECIFICATIONS
Frame counter:
Built-in Flash
GN:
Coverage:
Recycling Time:
Auto load
Single frame, continuous advance
(2 frames/sec.), self-timer, exposure
bracketing, and multiple exposure.
Auto rewind, manual start (Count-down
display)
Forward (shows number of exposures taken)
12 (ISO 100 in meters)
28mm angle of view
Approx. 3 sec. (according to Minolta test
methods)
Additional
Power:
Two CR2 lithium batteries
Battery Performance:
Condition A
Flash Use (%)
0
50
100
20 °C
40 rolls
17 rolls
11 rolls
-10 °C
30 rolls
13 rolls
8 rolls
Condition B
20 °C
65 rolls
23 rolls
14 rolls
-10 °C
50 rolls
18 rolls
10 rolls
* 24 exposure rolls
Condition A: Lens(28-80 f/3.5-5.6) focused from infinity to 2m three times and the
shutter-release button held partway down for ten seconds before each
exposure.
Condition B: Lens(28-80 f/3.5-5.6) focused from infinity to 2m and the shutter-release
button held partway down for five seconds before each exposure.
• Battery performance will vary with usage conditions.
• Exposures taken at a rate of 2 rolls/month.
Dimensions (WxHxD): 135.0 x 90.0 x 58.5mm (WxHxD)
QD model: 135.0 x 90.0 x 61.0mm (WxHxD)
Weight :
350g (w/o camera battery),
QD model: 360g (w/o camera battery)
Specifications and accessories are based on the latest information
available at the time of printing and are subject to change without
notice.
91
NOTES
NOTES
This mark certifies that this product meets the
requirements of the EU (European Union) concerning
interference causing equipment regulations. CE stands
for Conformité Européenne (European Conformity).
92
93
Minolta Co., Ltd.
3-13, 2-Chome, Azuchi-Machi, Chuo-Ku, Osaka 541-8556, Japan
Minolta Europe GmbH
Reparatur/Repair
Minolta France S.A.
Minolta (UK) Limited
Minolta Austria Ges. m.b.H.
Minolta Camera Benelux B.V.
Belgian Branch
Minolta (Schweiz) AG
Minolta Svenska AB
Finnish Branch
Minolta Portugal Limitada
Minolta Corporation
Head Office
Los Angeles Branch
Minolta Canada Inc.
Head Office
Vancouver Branch
Minolta Hong Kong Limited
Minolta Singapore (Pte) Ltd.
Shanghai Minolta Optical
Products Co., Ltd.
Minoltaring 11, D-30855 Langenhagen, Germany
Senator-Helmken-Strasse 1, D-28197 Bremen, Germany
365 Route de Saint-Germain, F-78420 Carrieres-Sur-Seine, France
7 Tanners Drive, Blakelands, Milton Keynes, MK14 5BU, England
Amalienstrasse 59-61, A-1131 Wien, Austria
Zonnebaan 39, P.O. Box 6000, NL-3600 HA Maarssen, The Netherlands
Prins Boudewijnlaan 1, B-2550 Kontich, Belgium
Riedstrasse 6, CH-8953 Dietikon, Switzerland
Albygatan 114, S-171 54 Solna, Sweden
Niittykatu 6 PL 37, SF-02201 Espoo, Finland
Av. do Brasil 33-A, P-1700 Lisboa, Portugal
101 Williams Drive, Ramsey, New Jersey 07446, U.S.A.
11150 Hope Street Cypress, CA 90630, U.S.A.
369 Britannia Road East, Mississauga, Ontario L4Z 2H5, Canada
230-3771 Jacombs Road, Richmond, B.C. V6V 2L9, Canada
Room 208, 2/F, Eastern Center, 1065 King’s Road, Quarry Bay, Hong Kong
10, Teban Gardens Crescent, Singapore 608923
368 Minolta Road, Songjiang, Shanghai, China
© 1998 Minolta Co., Ltd. under the Berne Convention
and Universal Copyright Convention
Printed in Malaysia
9222-2154-11 MM-D008