CIGWELD TRANSarc 170i Specifications

170i
TRANSarc
welding Inverter
A-11711
Operating Manual
Revision: AA
Operating Features:
Issue Date: January 10, 2013
Manual No.: 0-5281
PFC
WE APPRECIATE YOUR BUSINESS!
Congratulations on your new Cigweld product. We are proud
to have you as our customer and will strive to provide you with
the best service and reliability in the industry. This product
is backed by our extensive warranty and world-wide service
network. To locate your nearest distributor or service provider call
+1300 654 674, or visit us on the web at www.cigweld.com.au
This Operating Manual has been designed to instruct you on the
correct use and operation of your CIGWELD product. Your satisfaction
with this product and its safe operation is our ultimate concern.
Therefore please take the time to read the entire manual, especially
the Safety Precautions. They will help you to avoid potential hazards
that may exist when working with this product.
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The Brand of Choice for Contractors and Fabricators Worldwide.
CIGWELD is the Market Leading Brand of Arc Welding Products for
Victor Technologies International. We are a mainline supplier to major
welding industry sectors in the Asia Pacific and emerging global
markets including; Manufacturing, Construction, Mining, Automotive,
Engineering, Rural and DIY.
We distinguish ourselves from our competition through marketleading, dependable products that have stood the test of time. We
pride ourselves on technical innovation, competitive prices, excellent
delivery, superior customer service and technical support, together
with excellence in sales and marketing expertise.
Above all, we are committed to develop technologically advanced
products to achieve a safer working environment for industry
operators.
!
WARNINGS
Read and understand this entire Manual and your employer’s safety practices before installing,
operating, or servicing the equipment.
While the information contained in this Manual represents the Manufacturer’s best judgement,
the Manufacturer assumes no liability for its use.
Operating Manual Number 0-5281 for:
Cigweld Transarc 170i Inverter Plant Part Number W1007170
Cigweld Transarc 170i Mine Spec Inverter Plant
Part Number W1007171
Cigweld Transarc 170i Mine Spec Power Source (packed) Part Number W1007169
Published by:
CIGWELD Pty Ltd
71 Gower Street
Preston, Victoria, Australia, 3072
+61 3 9474 7400 +61 3 9474 7391
www.cigweld.com.au
Copyright 2013 by
CIGWELD Pty Ltd.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction of this work, in whole or in part, without written permission of the
publisher is prohibited.
The publisher does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any
loss or damage caused by any error or omission in this Manual, whether such error
results from negligence, accident, or any other cause.
Publication Date: January 10, 2013
Record the following information for Warranty purposes:
Where Purchased:
_____________________________________
Purchase Date:
_____________________________________
Equipment Serial #:
_____________________________________
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1:
ARC WELDING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS...................................... 1-1
1.01
1.02
1.03
Arc Welding Hazards........................................................................................ 1-1
Principal Safety Standards............................................................................... 1-5
Declaration of Conformity................................................................................ 1-6
SECTION 2:
INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................... 2-1
2.01
How To Use This Manual................................................................................. 2-1
2.02
Equipment Identification.................................................................................. 2-1
2.03
Receipt Of Equipment...................................................................................... 2-1
2.04
Symbol Chart................................................................................................... 2-2
2.05Description...................................................................................................... 2-3
2.06
User Responsibility.......................................................................................... 2-3
2.07
Transporting Methods...................................................................................... 2-3
2.08
Packaged Items............................................................................................... 2-3
2.09
Duty Cycle........................................................................................................ 2-4
2.10Specifications.................................................................................................. 2-5
2.11
Options and Accessories................................................................................. 2-6
SECTION 3:
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP......................................................... 3-1
3.01Environment.................................................................................................... 3-1
3.02Location........................................................................................................... 3-1
3.03Ventilation........................................................................................................ 3-1
3.04
Mains Supply Voltage Requirements............................................................... 3-1
3.05
Electromagnetic Compatibility......................................................................... 3-1
3.06
Transarc170i Power Source Controls, Indicators and Features........................ 3-3
3.07
Shielding Gas Regulator Operating Instructions (where supplied)................. 3-13
3.08
Setup for TIG (GTAW) Welding...................................................................... 3-15
3.09
Foot Control Part No. W4015800 (Optional Accessory)................................. 3-16
3.10
Setup for Manual Arc (MMAW) Welding ...................................................... 3-18
SECTION 4:
BASIC WELDING GUIDE ............................................................................. 4-1
4.01
4.02
4.03
4.04
Stick (MMAW) Basic Welding Technique......................................................... 4-1
Stick (MMAW) Welding Troubleshooting....................................................... 4-12
TIG (GTAW) Basic Welding Technique........................................................... 4-14
TIG (GTAW) Welding Problems...................................................................... 4-16
SECTION 5:
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS..................... 5-1
5.01
5.02
5.03
5.04
Power Source Problems.................................................................................. 5-1
Routine Service and Calibration Requirements................................................ 5-2
Cleaning the Welding Power Source................................................................ 5-5
Factory Reset Procedure.................................................................................. 5-5
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 6:
KEY SPARE PARTS.................................................................................... 6-1
6.01
6.02
6.03
Power Source.................................................................................................. 6-1
TIG Torch W4014604 (where supplied)........................................................... 6-2
Stick Electrode Holder with Trigger Switch 646761(where supplied)............... 6-3
APPENDIX: TRANSARC 170i CIRCUIT DIAGRAM....................................................... A-1
CIGWELD - LIMITED WARRANTY TERMS
TERMS OF WARRANTY – January 2013
WARRANTY SCHEDULE – January 2013
GLOBAL CUSTOMER SERVICE CONTACT INFORMATION
TRANSARC 170i
SECTION 1:
ARC WELDING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS
!
WARNING
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS FROM POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. KEEP CHILDREN
AWAY. PACEMAKER WEARERS KEEP AWAY UNTIL CONSULTING YOUR DOCTOR. DO NOT LOSE THESE
INSTRUCTIONS. READ OPERATING/INSTRUCTION MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLING, OPERATING OR
SERVICING THIS EQUIPMENT.
Welding products and welding processes can cause serious injury or death, or damage to other equipment or
property, if the operator does not strictly observe all safety rules and take precautionary actions.
Safe practices have developed from past experience in the use of welding and cutting. These practices must be
learned through study and training before using this equipment. Some of these practices apply to equipment
connected to power lines; other practices apply to engine driven equipment. Anyone not having extensive
training in welding and cutting practices should not attempt to weld.
Safe practices are outlined in the Australian Standard AS1674.2-2007 entitled: Safety in welding and allied
processes Part 2: Electrical. This publication and other guides to what you should learn before operating
this equipment are listed at the end of these safety precautions. HAVE ALL INSTALLATION, OPERATION,
MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR WORK PERFORMED ONLY BY QUALIFIED PEOPLE.
5. Properly install and ground this equipment according to its Owner’s Manual and national, state, and
local codes.
1.01 Arc Welding Hazards
6. Turn off all equipment when not in use. Disconnect
power to equipment if it will be left unattended or
out of service.
WARNING
7. Use fully insulated electrode holders. Never dip
holder in water to cool it or lay it down on the
ground or the work surface. Do not touch holders
connected to two welding machines at the same
time or touch other people with the holder or
electrode.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause
fatal shocks or severe burns. The electrode
and work circuit is electrically live whenever the output is on. The input power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. In semiautomatic
or automatic wire welding, the wire, wire
reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts
touching the welding wire are electrically
live. Incorrectly installed or improperly
grounded equipment is a hazard.
8. Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly
spliced cables.
9. Do not wrap cables around your body.
10.Ground the workpiece to a good electrical (earth)
ground.
11.Do not touch electrode while in contact with the
work (ground) circuit.
1. Do not touch live electrical parts.
2. Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body
protection.
12.Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or
replace damaged parts at once.
3. Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry
insulating mats or covers.
13.In confined spaces or damp locations, do not use a
welder with AC output unless it is equipped with a
voltage reducer. Use equipment with DC output.
4. Disconnect input power or stop engine before
installing or servicing this equipment. Lock input
power disconnect switch open, or remove line
fuses so power cannot be turned on accidentally.
Manual 0-5281 14.Wear a safety harness to prevent falling if working
above floor level.
15.Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
1-1
GENERAL INFORMATION
TRANSARC 170i
2. Wear approved safety glasses. Side shields recommended.
WARNING
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin; NOISE
can damage hearing.
Arc rays from the welding process produce
intense heat and strong ultraviolet rays
that can burn eyes and skin. Noise from
some processes can damage hearing.
1. Use a Welding Helmet or Welding Faceshield fitted
with a proper shade of filter (see ANSI Z49.1 and
AS 1674 listed in Safety Standards) to protect your
face and eyes when welding or watching.
3. Use protective screens or barriers to protect others
from flash and glare; warn others not to watch the
arc.
4. Wear protective clothing made from durable,
flame-resistant material (wool and leather) and
foot protection.
5. Use approved ear plugs or ear muffs if noise level
is high.
6. Never wear contact lenses while welding.
Recommended Protective Filters for Electric Welding
Description of Process
Manual Metal Arc Welding - covered
electrodes (MMAW)
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GWAW)
(MIG) other than Aluminium and
Stainless Steel
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
(MIG) Aluminium and Stainless Steel
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
(TIG)
Flux-cored Arc Welding (FCAW) -with
or without shielding gas.
Air - Arc Gouging
Plasma - Arc Cutting
Plasma - Arc Spraying
Plasma - Arc Welding
Submerged - Arc Welding
Resistance Welding
Approximate Range of
Welding Current in Amps
Less than or equal to 100
100 to 200
200 to 300
300 to 400
Greater than 400
Less than or equal to 150
150 to 250
250 to 300
300 to 400
Greater than 400
Less than or equal to 250
250 to 350
Less than or equal to 100
100 to 200
200 to 250
250 to 350
Greater than 350
Less than or equal to 300
300 to 400
400 to 500
Greater than 500
Minimum Shade Number of
Filter(s)
8
10
11
12
13
10
11
12
13
14
12
13
10
11
12
13
14
11
12
13
14
Less than or equal to 400
12
50 to 100
100 to 400
400 to 800
10
12
14
15
8
10
12
14
2(5)
Safety Spectacles or eye
shield
—
Less than or equal to 20
20 to 100
100 to 400
400 to 800
—
—
Refer to standard AS/NZS 1338.1:1992 for comprehensive information regarding the above table.
GENERAL INFORMATION
1-2
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
3. Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the
welding arc. If this is not possible, tightly cover
them with approved covers.
WARNING
4. Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from
welding can easily go through small cracks and
openings to adjacent areas.
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous to
your health.
Welding produces fumes and gases.
Breathing these fumes and gases can be
hazardous to your health.
5. Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher
nearby.
6. Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead,
or partition can cause fire on the hidden side.
1. Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breath
the fumes.
7. Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks
or drums.
2. If inside, ventilate the area and/or use exhaust at
the arc to remove welding fumes and gases.
8. Connect work cable to the work as close to the
welding area as practical to prevent welding current from travelling long, possibly unknown paths
and causing electric shock and fire hazards.
3. If ventilation is poor, use an approved air-supplied
respirator.
4. Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
and the manufacturer’s instruction for metals,
consumables, coatings, and cleaners.
9. Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
10.Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off
welding wire at contact tip when not in use.
5. Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while wearing an air-supplied respirator.
Shielding gases used for welding can displace air
causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air
is safe.
WARNING
6. Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning,
or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the
arc can react with vapours to form highly toxic
and irritating gases.
FLYING SPARKS AND HOT METAL can
cause injury.
7. Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized,
lead, or cadmium plated steel, unless the coating
is removed from the weld area, the area is well
ventilated, and if necessary, while wearing an airsupplied respirator. The coatings and any metals
containing these elements can give off toxic fumes
if welded.
1. Wear approved face shield or safety goggles. Side
shields recommended.
Chipping and grinding cause flying metal.
As welds cool, they can throw off slag.
2. Wear proper body protection to protect skin.
WARNING
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under
high pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can
explode. Since gas cylinders are normally
part of the welding process, be sure to
treat them carefully.
WARNING
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
Sparks and spatter fly off from the welding
arc. The flying sparks and hot metal, weld
spatter, hot workpiece, and hot equipment
can cause fires and burns. Accidental contact of electrode or welding wire to metal
objects can cause sparks, overheating,
or fire.
1. Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive
heat, mechanical shocks, and arcs.
2. Install and secure cylinders in an upright position
by chaining them to a stationary support or equipment cylinder rack to prevent falling or tipping.
1. Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and
hot metal.
3. Keep cylinders away from any welding or other
electrical circuits.
2. Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
4. Never allow a welding electrode to touch any
cylinder.
Manual 0-5281 1-3
GENERAL INFORMATION
TRANSARC 170i
5. Use only correct shielding gas cylinders,
regulators, hoses, and fittings designed for the
specific application; maintain them and associated
parts in good condition.
6. Turn face away from valve outlet when opening
cylinder valve.
7. Keep protective cap in place over valve except
when cylinder is in use or connected for use.
8. Read and follow instructions on compressed
gas cylinders, associated equipment, and CGA
publication P-1 listed in Safety Standards.
WARNING
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
a very large volume of scientific findings based on
experiments at the cellular level and from studies
with animals and people which clearly establish that
low frequency magnetic fields and interact with, and
produce changes in, biological systems. While most
of this work is of very high quality, the results are
complex. Current scientific understanding does not
yet allow us to interpret the evidence in a single coherent framework. Even more frustrating, it does not yet
allow us to draw definite conclusions about questions
of possible risk or to offer clear science-based advice
on strategies to minimize or avoid potential risks.”
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the
following procedures.
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping
them.
Moving parts, such as fans, rotors, and belts can cut
fingers and hands and catch loose clothing.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the
operator.
1. Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards closed
and securely in place.
3. Do not coil or drape cable around the body.
2. Stop engine before installing or connecting unit.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away
from body as practical.
3. Have only qualified people remove guards or
covers for maintenance and troubleshooting as
necessary.
ABOUT PACEMAKERS:
The above procedures are among those
also normally recommended for pacemaker wearers. Consult your doctor for
complete information.
4. To prevent accidental starting during servicing,
disconnect negative (-) battery cable from battery.
5. Keep hands, hair, loose clothing, and tools away
from moving parts.
6. Reinstall panels or guards and close doors when
servicing is finished and before starting engine.
!
WARNING
This product, when used for welding or
cutting, produces fumes or gases which
contain chemicals know to the State of
California to cause birth defects and, in
some cases, cancer. (California Health &
Safety code Sec. 25249.5 et seq.)
NOTE
Considerations About Welding And The
Effects of Low Frequency Electric and
Magnetic Fields
The following is a quotation from the General Conclusions Section of the U.S. Congress, Office of
Technology Assessment, Biological Effects of Power
Frequency Electric & Magnetic Fields - Background
Paper, OTA-BP-E-63 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 1989): “...there is now
GENERAL INFORMATION
1-4
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
1.02 Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding and Cutting, ANSI Standard Z49.1, from American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd.,
Miami, FL 33126.
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers That Have Held
Hazardous Substances, American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from American Welding Society, 550
N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33126.
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1, from Compressed Gas Association,
1235 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 501, Arlington, VA 22202.
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices for Occupation and Educational Eye and Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American
National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting and Welding Processes, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch
Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Safety in welding and allied processes Part 1: Fire Precautions, AS 1674.1-1997 from SAI Global Limited,
www.saiglobal.com.
Safety in welding and allied processes Part 2: Electrical, AS 1674.2-2007 from SAI Global Limited, www.
saiglobal.com.
Filters for eye protectors - Filters for protection against radiation generated in welding and allied operations
AS/NZS 1338.1:1992 from SAI Global Limited, www.saiglobal.com.
Manual 0-5281 1-5
GENERAL INFORMATION
TRANSARC 170i
1.03 Declaration of Conformity
Manufacturer:CIGWELD
Address:
71 Gower St, Preston
Victoria 3072
Australia
Description of equipment: Welding Equipment (GTAW, MMAW) including, but not limited to CIGWELD Transarc
170i Welding Inverter and associated accessories.
Serial numbers are unique with each individual piece of equipment and details description, parts used to
manufacture a unit and date of manufacture.
The equipment conforms to all applicable aspects and regulations of the ‘Low Voltage Directive’ (2006/95 EC)
and to the National legislation for the enforcement of the Directive.
National Standard and Technical Specifications
The product is designed and manufactured to a number of standards and technical requirements among them
are:
• IEC 60974-10 applicable to Industrial Equipment - generic emissions and regulations.
• AS 1674 Safety in welding and allied processes.
• AS 60974.1 / IEC 60974-1 applicable to welding equipment and associated accessories.
Extensive product design verification is conducted at the manufacturing facility as part of the routine design
and manufacturing process, to ensure the product is safe and performs as specified. Rigorous testing is incorporated into the manufacturing process to ensure the manufactured product meets or exceeds all design
specifications.
CIGWELD has been manufacturing and merchandising an extensive equipment range with superior performance,
ultra safe operation and world class quality for more than 30 years and will continue to achieve excellence.
GENERAL INFORMATION
1-6
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
SECTION 2:
INTRODUCTION
2.01 How To Use This Manual
2.02 Equipment Identification
To ensure safe operation, read the entire manual,
including the chapter on safety instructions and
warnings.
The unit’s identification number (specification or
part number), model, and serial number usually appear on a nameplate attached to the control panel. In
some cases, the nameplate may be attached to the
rear panel. Equipment which does not have a control
panel such as gun and cable assemblies is identified
only by the specification or part number printed on
the shipping container. Record these numbers on the
bottom of page i for future reference.
Throughout this manual, the words WARNING,
CAUTION, and NOTE may appear. Pay particular attention to the information provided under these headings. These special annotations are easily recognized
as follows:
!
2.03 Receipt Of Equipment
WARNING
When you receive the equipment, check it against the
invoice to make sure it is complete and inspect the
equipment for possible damage due to shipping. If
there is any damage, notify the carrier immediately to
file a claim. Furnish complete information concerning
damage claims or shipping errors to the location in
your area listed in the inside back cover of this manual.
A WARNING gives information regarding
possible personal injury.
CAUTION
A CAUTION refers to possible equipment
damage.
Include all equipment identification numbers as
described above along with a full description of the
parts in error.
NOTE
A NOTE offers helpful information concerning certain operating procedures.
Move the equipment to the installation site before
un-crating the unit. Use care to avoid damaging the
equipment when using bars, hammers, etc., to uncrate the unit.
Additional copies of this manual may be purchased by
contacting Cigweld at the address and phone number
for your location listed in the inside back cover of this
manual. Include the Owner’s Manual number and
equipment identification numbers.
Manual 0-5281 2-1
INTRODUCTION
TRANSARC 170i
2.04 Symbol Chart
Note that only some of these symbols will appear on your model.
On
Single Phase
Wire Feed Function
Off
Three Phase
Wire Feed Towards
Workpiece With
Output Voltage Off.
Dangerous Voltage
Three Phase Static
Frequency ConverterTransformer-Rectifier
Welding Gun
Increase/Decrease
Remote
Purging Of Gas
Duty Cycle
Continuous Weld
Mode
Percentage
Spot Weld Mode
Circuit Breaker
AC Auxiliary Power
INTRODUCTION
Spot Time
Fuse
Panel/Local
Amperage
Shielded Metal
Arc Welding (SMAW)
Voltage
Gas Metal Arc
Welding (GMAW)
Hertz (cycles/sec)
Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding (GTAW)
Frequency
Air Carbon Arc
Cutting (CAC-A)
Negative
Constant Current
Positive
Constant Voltage
Or Constant Potential
Direct Current (DC)
High Temperature
Protective Earth
(Ground)
Fault Indication
Line
Arc Force
IPM
Inches Per Minute
Line Connection
Touch Start (GTAW)
MPM
Meters Per Minute
Auxiliary Power
Variable Inductance
Receptacle RatingAuxiliary Power
V
t
Preflow Time
t1
t2
Postflow Time
2 Step Trigger
Operation
Press to initiate wirefeed and
welding, release to stop.
4 Step Trigger
Operation
Press and hold for preflow, release
to start arc. Press to stop arc, and
hold for preflow.
t
Burnback Time
Disturbance In
Ground System
Art # A-04937
115V 15A
X
%
Voltage Input
2-2
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
2.05Description
2.07 Transporting Methods
The Cigweld Transarc 170i is a self contained single
phase multi process welding inverter that is capable
of performing MMAW (Stick) and GTAW (Lift TIG)
welding processes. The unit is equipped with an
integrated voltage reduction device (VRD applicable
in stick mode only), digital amperage/voltage meter,
and a host of other features in order to fully satisfy the
broad operating needs of the modern welding professional. The unit is also fully compliant to Australian
Standard AS 60974.1 and IEC 60974.1.
This unit is equipped with a handle for carrying
purposes.
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill. DO NOT TOUCH
live electrical parts. Disconnect input
power conductors from de-energized
supply line before moving the welding
power source.
The Transarc 170i provides excellent welding performance across a broad range of applications when
used with the correct welding consumables and
procedures. The following instructions detail how
to correctly and safely set up the machine and give
guidelines on gaining the best efficiency and quality
from the Power Source. Please read these instructions
thoroughly before using the unit.
!
WARNING
FALLING EQUIPMENT can cause serious
personal injury and equipment damage.
Lift unit with handle on top of case.
Use handcart or similar device of adequate capacity.
2.06 User Responsibility
If using a fork lift vehicle, place and secure unit on a
proper skid before transporting.
This equipment will perform as per the information
contained herein when installed, operated, maintained
and repaired in accordance with the instructions provided. This equipment must be checked periodically.
Defective equipment (including welding leads) should
not be used. Parts that are broken, missing, plainly
worn, distorted or contaminated, should be replaced
immediately. Should such repairs or replacements
become necessary, it is recommended that such repairs be carried out by appropriately qualified persons
approved by CIGWELD. Advice in this regard can
be obtained by contacting an Accredited CIGWELD
Distributor.
2.08 Packaged Items
Transarc 170i Plant (Part No. W1007170)
• Transarc 170i Inverter Power Source
• Handipak of electrodes, Satincraft 13
• Electrode Holder with 4m Lead
• Work Clamp with 4m Lead
• Shoulder Strap
• Product Bag
• Operating Manual
This equipment or any of its parts should not be altered from standard specification without prior written
approval of CIGWELD. The user of this equipment
shall have the sole responsibility for any malfunction
which results from improper use or unauthorized
modification from standard specification, faulty
maintenance, damage or improper repair by anyone
other than appropriately qualified persons approved
by CIGWELD.
Transarc 170i Mine Spec Plant (Part No. W1007171)
• Transarc 170i Mine Spec Inverter Power Source
• Handipak of electrodes, Satincraft 13
• Mine Spec Electrode Holder with 4m Lead
• Work Clamp with 4m Lead
• Shoulder Strap
• Product Bag
• Operating Manual
Transarc 170i Mine Spec Power Source (Part No.
W1007169)
• Transarc 170i Mine Spec Inverter Power Source
• Shoulder Strap
• Operating Manual
Manual 0-5281 2-3
INTRODUCTION
TRANSARC 170i
2.09 Duty Cycle
The rated duty cycle of a Welding Power Source, is a statement of the time it may be operated at its rated
welding current output without exceeding the temperature limits of the insulation of the component parts.
To explain the 10 minute duty cycle period the following example is used. Suppose a Welding Power Source
is designed to operate at a 30% duty cycle, 170 amperes at 26.8 volts. This means that it has been designed
and built to provide the rated amperage (170A) for 3.0 minutes, i.e. arc welding time, out of every 10 minute
period (30% of 10 minutes is 3.0 minutes). During the other 7.0 minutes of the 10 minute period the Welding
Power Source must idle and be allowed to cool.
A-11712
Figure 2-1: Transarc 170i Duty Cycle
INTRODUCTION
2-4
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
2.10Specifications
Description
Transarc 170i
W1007170
Plant Part No
Plant Part No(Mine Spec)
W1007171
Power Source Part No(Mine Spec)
Power Source Dimensions
Power Source Mass
Cooling
Welder Type
Australian Standard
Number of Phases
Nominal Supply Voltage
W1007169
H324mmxW122mmxD458mm
11 KG
Fan Cooled
Multi Process Inverter Power Source
AS 60974.1-2006 / IEC 60974.1
Single Phase
240V ± 15%
Nominal Supply Frequency
Welding Current Range
Nominal DC Open Circuit Voltage (VRD ON)
Nominal DC Open Circuit Voltage (VRD OFF)
Factory Fitted Supply Plug Rating
50/60Hz
5-170A
8V
66V
15 Amps
Effective Input Current (I1eff ) refer Note 2
Maximum Input Current (I1max)
Minimum Single Phase Generator
Recommendation (refer Note 4)
STICK (MMAW) Welding Output, 40ºC, 10 min.
13 Amps
23.5 Amps
6.6k W (8.5k VA at 0.8 PF)
170A @ 30%, 26.8V
130A @ 60%, 25.2V
100A @ 100%, 24.0V
170A @ 30%, 16.8V
TIG (GTAW) Welding Output, 40ºC, 10 min.
130A @ 60%, 15.2V
Protection Class
100A @ 100%, 14.0V
IP23S
Table 2-1: Transarc 170i Specifications
NOTE 1
Due to variations that can occur in manufactured products, claimed performance, voltages, ratings,
all capacities, measurements, dimensions and weights quoted are approximate only. Achievable
capacities and ratings in use and operation will depend upon correct installation, use, applications,
maintenance and service.
NOTE 2
The Effective Input Current should be used for the determination of cable size & supply requirements.
NOTE 3
Motor start fuses or thermal circuit breakers are recommended for this application. Check local
requirements for your situation in this regard.
Manual 0-5281 2-5
INTRODUCTION
TRANSARC 170i
NOTE 4
Minimum Generator Recommendation at the Maximum Output Duty Cycle.
Due to large variations in performance and specifications of different brands and types of generators, Cigweld cannot guarantee full welding output power or duty cycle on every brand or type of
generator.
Some small generators incorporate low cost circuit breakers on their outputs. These circuit breakers usually will have a small reset button, and will trip much faster than a switchboard type circuit
breaker. This may result in not being able to achieve full output or duty cycle from the power source
/ generator combination. For this reason we recommend a generator that incorporates switchboard
type circuit breakers.
Cigweld recommends that when selecting a generator, that the particular power source / generator
combination be adequately trialled to ensure the combination performs to the users expectations.
NOTE 5
CIGWELD reserves the right to change product performance and specifications without notice.
2.11 Options and Accessories
DESCRIPTION
PART NUMBER
TIG Torch 26V with 4m lead and remote control
TIG Torch accessory kit
W4014604
BGSAK2
Foot Control with 8m lead
W4015800
Electrode Holder & Work Lead Set 8m 400A 50mm² DINSE
646325
Electrode Holder with trigger switch and 4m lead
646761
50mm² Male DINSE cable connector
704461
Naka Measurement Gauge
646265
Shielding Gas Hose Assembly, 3M
W7004913
Table 2-2: Transarc 170i Options and Accessories
INTRODUCTION
2-6
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
SECTION 3:
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
conditions. For further information please refer
to AS 60529.
3.01Environment
These units are designed for use in environments with
increased hazard of electric shock as outlined in AS
60974.1 and AS 1674.2.
A. Examples of environments with increased hazard
of electric shock are:
1. In locations in which freedom of movement
is restricted, so that the operator is forced
to perform the work in a cramped (kneeling,
sitting or lying) position with physical contact
with conductive parts.
2. In locations which are fully or partially limited
by conductive elements, and in which there
is a high risk of unavoidable or accidental
contact by the operator.
3. In wet or damp hot locations where humidity
or perspiration considerable reduces the
skin resistance of the human body and the
insulation properties of accessories.
H. Precautions must be taken against the power
source toppling over. The power source must
be located on a suitable horizontal surface in the
upright position when in use.
3.03Ventilation
Since the inhalation of welding fumes can be harmful,
ensure that the welding area is effectively ventilated.
3.04 Mains Supply Voltage
Requirements
The Mains supply voltage should be within ± 15%
of the rated mains supply voltage. Too low a voltage
may cause poor welding performance. Too high a
supply voltage will cause components to overheat
and possibly fail.
The Welding Power Source must be:
• Correctly installed, if necessary, by a qualified
electrician.
B. Environments with increased hazard of electric
shock do not include places where electrically
conductive parts in the near vicinity of the
operator, which can cause increased hazard, have
been insulated.
• Correctly earthed (electrically) in accordance
with local regulations.
• Connected to the correct size power point and
fuse as per the Specifications on page 2-5.
3.02Location
!
Be sure to locate the welder according to the following
guidelines:
Any electrical work must be carried out by
a qualified Electrical Tradesperson.
A. In areas, free from moisture and dust.
B. Ambient temperature between 0° C to 40° C.
C. In areas, free from oil, steam and corrosive
gases.
3.05 Electromagnetic Compatibility
!
D. In areas, not subjected to abnormal vibration or
shock.
F. Place at a distance of 300mm or more from walls
or similar that could restrict natural air flow for
cooling.
G. The enclosure design of this power source meets
the requirements of IP23S as outlined in AS60529.
This provides adequate protection against solid
objects (greater than 12mm), and direct protection
from vertical drops. Under no circumstances
should the unit be operated or connected in a
micro environment that will exceed the stated
3-1
WARNING
Extra precautions for Electromagnetic
Compatibility may be required when
this Welding Power Source is used in a
domestic situation.
E. In areas, not exposed to direct sunlight or rain.
Manual 0-5281 WARNING
A. Installation and Use - Users Responsibility
The user is responsible for installing and using the
welding equipment according to the manufacturer’s
instructions. If electromagnetic disturbances are
detected then it shall be the responsibility of
the user of the welding equipment to resolve
the situation with the technical assistance of
the manufacturer. In some cases this remedial
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSARC 170i
C. Methods of Reducing Electromagnetic
Emissions
action may be as simple as earthing the welding
circuit, see NOTE below. In other cases it could
involve constructing an electromagnetic screen
enclosing the Welding Power Source and the work,
complete with associated input filters. In all cases,
electromagnetic disturbances shall be reduced to
the point where they are no longer troublesome.
1. Mains Supply
NOTE
The welding circuit may or may not be
earthed for safety reasons. Changing the
earthing arrangements should only be
authorised by a person who is competent
to assess whether the changes will
increase the risk of injury, e.g. by allowing
parallel welding current return paths which
may damage the earth circuits of other
equipment. Further guidance is given in
IEC 60974-13 Arc Welding Equipment Installation and use (under preparation).
2. Maintenance of Welding Equipment
B. Assessment of Area
Before installing welding equipment, the user shall
make an assessment of potential electromagnetic
problems in the surrounding area. The following
shall be taken into account
1. Other supply cables, control cables, signalling
and telephone cables; above, below and
adjacent to the welding equipment.
2. Radio and television transmitters and
receivers.
3. Computer and other control equipment.
5. The health of people around, e.g. the use of
pacemakers and hearing aids.
6. Equipment used for calibration and
measurement.
The welding cables should be kept as short
as possible and should be positioned close
together, running at or close to the floor
level.
4. Equipotential Bonding
Bonding of all metallic components in the
welding installation and adjacent to it should
be considered. However. Metallic components
bonded to the work piece will increase the
risk that the operator could receive a shock
by touching the metallic components and
the electrode at the same time. The operator
should be insulated from all such bonded
metallic components.
7. The time of day that welding or other activities
are to be carried out.
8. The immunity of other equipment in the
environment: the user shall ensure that other
equipment being used in the environment
is compatible: this may require additional
protection measures.
The size of the surrounding area to be considered
will depend on the structure of the building
and other activities that are taking place. The
surrounding area may extend beyond the
boundaries of the premises.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
The welding equipment should be routinely
maintained according to the manufacturer’s
recommendations. All access and service
doors and covers should be closed and
properly fastened when the welding
equipment is in operation. The welding
equipment should not be modified in any way
except for those changes and adjustments
covered in the manufacturer’s instructions. In
particular, the spark gaps of arc striking and
stabilising devices should be adjusted and
maintained according to the manufacturer’s
recommendations.
3. Welding Cables
4. Safety critical equipment, e.g. guarding of
industrial equipment.
Welding equipment should be connected to the
mains supply according to the manufacturer’s
recommendations. If interference occurs,
it may be necessary to take additional
precautions such as filtering of the mains
supply. Consideration should be given to
shielding the supply cable of permanently
installed welding equipment in metallic
conduit or equivalent. Shielding should be
electrically continuous throughout it’s length.
The shielding should be connected to the
Welding Power Source so that good electrical
contact is maintained between the conduit and
the Welding Power Source enclosure.
3-2
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
5. Earthing of the Workpiece
Where the workpiece is not bonded to earth for electrical safety, nor connected to earth because of it’s
size and position, e.g. ship’s hull or building steelwork, a connection bonding the workpiece to earth
may reduce emissions in some, but not all instances. Care should be taken to prevent the earthing of
the workpiece increasing the risk of injury to users, or damage to other electrical equipment. Where
necessary, the connection of the workpiece to earth should be made by direct connection to the
workpiece, but in some countries where direct connection is not permitted, the bonding should be
achieved by suitable capacitance, selected according to national regulations.
6. Screening and Shielding
Selective screening and shielding of other cables and equipment in the surrounding area may alleviate
problems of interference. Screening the entire welding installation may be considered for special
applications.
3.06 Transarc 170i Power Source Controls, Indicators and Features
A-11646
A-11713
Figure 3-1: Front Panel
Figure 3-2: Rear Panel
1. VRD ON/OFF Indicator Lights
A VRD (voltage reduction device) is a hazard reducing device designed to reduce electric shock hazards
present on the output of welding power source when operating in MMAW (stick) mode. Note that the
presence of VRD should not be used as a substitute for the use of appropriate safety practices as indicated
in section one of this manual.
Both the green and red indicator lights only operate in MMAW (stick) mode.
The green VRD ON light illuminates (red light is off) when the VRD is active. Under this condition the open
circuit voltage of the unit is limited to below 10V DC, thus reducing the potential of serious electric shock
(such as when changing electrodes).
The red VRD OFF light illuminates (green light is off) when the VRD is inactive. Under this condition the
output voltage of the unit will be at welding potential which in some cases may exceed 25V DC.
Manual 0-5281 3-3
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSARC 170i
Fail to safe operation
This welding power source is also protected by a special protection feature called “Fail to Safe Operation”
which is available in this model. The output of the power source will be disabled and the fault indicator will
illuminate if the “Fail to Safe” protection has operated. The “Fail to Safe” protection will not automatically
reset. The mains power switch must be turned off to reset the power source.
The display will also show error code E-1 if the “Fail to Safe” protection has operated.
A-11690
2. Digital Meter (Amps and Volts)
The digital meter is used to display the pre-set parameter values (when not welding) and actual output
current or voltage (when welding) of the power source. A long press (>2s) on the Multi Function Control
toggles between the display of amps and volts.
If you are in "amps display" mode, when not welding, long press of more than 2 seconds on the Multi
Function Control will set the 170i to "volts display" mode, the meter will show actual output volts for 5
seconds, then revert to"amps display" and allows adjustment of parameters. During welding, the meter
will show actual welding volts when selected.
If you are in "volts display" mode, when not welding, long press of more than 2 seconds on the Multi
Function Control will set the 170i to "amps display" and allows adjustment of parameters. During welding,
the meter will show actual welding amps when selected.
At the completion of welding, the meter will hold the last recorded value for a period of approximately 10
seconds. During the hold time the display will flash to indicate the hold function is active. The meter will
hold the value until; (1) the Multi Function Control is adjusted in which case the unit will revert to preview
mode, (2) welding is recommenced, in which case actual welding amperage or voltage will be displayed,
or (3) a period of 10 seconds elapses following the completion of welding in which case the unit will
return to preview mode. The value displayed in preview mode and welding mode is steady (not flashing).
3. Multi Function Control
When not welding, the Multi Function Control is used to adjust all welding parameters, including welding
amps. A short press on the Multi Function Control will save the parameter value, then increment to the
next available parameter. The parameter LED will illuminate and the Multi Function Control will then adjust
the parameter. The parameter value is shown on the meter (figure 3-1, Item 2) and the LED's next to the
meter indicate if the parameter is Amps, Seconds, %, or Hz. Another press on the Multi Function Control
will save the parameter value, then increment to the next available parameter. During welding, adjustment
of the Multi Function Control will adjust the actual welding amps, no other parameters are adjustable
during welding.
4. Parameter LED's (Weld Activity LED's)
When welding, the weld activity graph LED's will illuminate to indicate which weld sequence step is currently
active. When not welding, the parameter LED will illuminate to show which parameter is currently being
adjusted. In MMAW (Stick) mode, the adjustable parameters are weld current, hot start current & arc
force. In GTAW (Lift Tig) mode, the adjustable parameters are initial current, up slope time, weld current,
down slope time, crater current, post flow.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-4
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
A-11714
Figure 3-3: Programming Mode
STICK Programming Mode
Programming Parameter
Control Panel Display
Hot Start
This parameter operates in
STICK mode to improve the start
characteristics for stick electrodes
HOT START current is on top of the
BASE current.
e.g. HOT START current = 130
amps when BASE (WELD) = 100
amps & HOT START = 30 amps
Range is 0 to 70A. Factory default
is 20A. Note that maximum weld
current is 170A.
Manual 0-5281 3-5
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSARC 170i
Programming Parameter
Control Panel Display
Base Current
This parameter sets the STICK weld
current.
Range is 5 to 170A. Factory default
is 120A.
Arc Force
Arc Force is effective when in
STICK mode only. Arc Force control
provides an adjustable amount of
Arc Force (or "dig") control. This
feature can be particularly beneficial
in providing the operator the ability
to compensate for variability in
joint fit-up in certain situations with
particular electrodes. In general
increasing the Arc Force control
toward 100% (maximum Arc
Force) allows greater penetration
control to be achieved.
Range is 0 to 100%. Factory default
is 30%.
LIFT TIG Programming Mode
Programming Parameter
Initial Current
Control Panel Display
This parameter operates in TIG
mode only and is used to set the
start current for TIG. In 4T mode
the Initial Current remains on until
the torch trigger switch is released
after it has been depressed. In 2T
mode this is the Initial Current for
the Up Slope current ramp.
Range is 5 to 170A. Factory default
is 30A.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-6
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
Up Slope
This parameter operates in TIG
mode only and is used to set the
time for the weld current to ramp
up from INITIAL current to BASE
current.
Range is 0.0 to 15.0 seconds.
Factory default is 1.0 second.
Base Current
This parameter sets the TIG welding
current.
Range is 5 to 170A. Factory default
is 120A.
Down Slope
This parameter operates in TIG
mode only and is used to set
the time for the weld current to
ramp down to the crater current.
This control is used to eliminate
the crater that can form at the
completion of a weld.
Range is 0.0 to 25.0 seconds.
Factory default is 3.0 seconds.
Manual 0-5281 3-7
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSARC 170i
Crater Current
This parameter operates in TIG
mode only.
In 2T mode this is the current at
the end of the down slope current
ramp. When the welding current
reaches the Crater Current value,
the welding current will cease and
the unit will enter Post Flow mode.
In 4T mode, this is the current at
the end of the down slope current
ramp. The welding current will
remain at the Crater Current value
until the torch trigger is released, at
which time the welding current will
cease and the unit will enter Post
Flow mode.
Range is 5 to 170A. Factory default
is 30A.
Post Flow
This parameter operates in TIG
mode only and is used to adjust the
post gas flow time once the arc has
extinguished. This control is used
to dramatically reduce oxidation of
the tungsten electrode.
Range is 0.0 to 30.0 seconds.
Factory default is 5.0 seconds.
5. Positive Welding Output Terminal
The positive welding terminal is used to connect the welding output of the power source to the electrode
holder lead or work lead. Positive welding current flows from the power source via this heavy duty bayonet
type terminal. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a
sound electrical connection.
CAUTION
Loose welding terminal connections can cause overheating and result in the male plug being fused
in the bayonet terminal.
6. Negative Welding Output Terminal
The negative welding terminal is used to connect the welding output of the power source to the TIG
torch or work lead. Negative welding current flows to the power source via this heavy duty bayonet type
terminal. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound
electrical connection.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-8
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
CAUTION
Loose welding terminal connections can cause overheating and result in the male plug being fused
in the bayonet terminal.
7. Remote Control Socket
The 8 pin Remote Control Socket is used to connect remote control devices to the welding power source.
To make connections, align keyway, insert plug, and rotate threaded collar fully clockwise.
A-11662
Figure 3-4: Remote Control Socket
Socket Pin
Function
1
Not connected
2
Trigger Switch Input
3
Trigger Switch Input
4
Not connected
5
5k ohm (maximum) connection to 5k ohm remote control potentiometer.
6
Zero ohm (minimum) connection to 5k ohm remote control potentiometer.
7
Wiper arm connection to 5k ohm remote control Amps GTAW (TIG) mode potentiometer.
8
Not connected.
Table 3-1
8. Shielding Gas Outlet
The Shielding Gas Outlet located on the front panel is a 5/8-18 UNF female gas fitting and is utilised for the
connection of a suitable TIG Torch.
9. Trigger Mode Control
The trigger mode control is used to switch the functionality of the of the torch trigger between 2T (normal)
and 4T (latch mode)
Note that pressing the Trigger Mode Button while turning the mains power on will perform a factory reset.
2T Normal Mode
In this mode, the torch trigger must remain depressed for the welding output to be active. Press and hold
the torch trigger to activate the power source (weld). Release the torch trigger switch to cease welding.
Manual 0-5281 3-9
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSARC 170i
A-11724
4T Latch Mode
This mode of welding is mainly used for long welding runs to reduce operator fatigue. In this mode the
operator can press and release the torch trigger and the output will remain active. To deactivate the power
source, the trigger switch must again be depressed and released, thus eliminating the need for the operator
to hold the torch trigger.
Note that when operating in GTAW (TIG mode), the power source will remain activated until the selected
downslope time has elapsed.
A-11725
STICK Dead Man Switch Mode (Transarc 170i Mines Spec Model)
A special trigger mode called “Dead Man Switch” mode is available on the 170i when welding with STICK
electrodes. In this mode, there will be no output voltage at all from the Power Source until the trigger is
pressed. This provides the greatest level of safety for the operator, and is mandatory on some work sites.
While the Dead Man Switch function greatly increases operator safety, standard welding safety procedures
should still be followed.
When the trigger is pressed, the VRD voltage is activated and the user can start welding as normal. For
extra safety, if welding has not commenced within 3 seconds after the trigger is pressed, the Power Source
will turn off the VRD, and the trigger must be released & pressed again to start welding.
If the trigger is released during welding, all welding power is shut off within the time limits of normal
VRD operation.
A special STICK electrode holder is required for use with a Power Source fitted with a Trigger Switch.
This electrode holder has a trigger switch attached to it, and a control cable that connects to the remote
control socket of the Power Source. The 170i Mine Spec plant comes standard with one of these special
electrode holders fitted with an integrated trigger switch.
The Dead Man Switch function is active in both 2T and 4T STICK mode.
Welding with the Dead Man Switch is as follows:
2T MODE
1. Press the trigger on the electrode holder.
2. The Power Source will now output the VRD volts and the VRD ON led will be lit.
3. Touch the Stick Electrode to the work and commence welding as usual.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-10
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
4. Release the trigger to cease welding.
There will be 0V on the Power Source welding terminals and both VRD lights will be off.
4T MODE
1. Press the trigger on the electrode holder.
2. The Power Source will now output the VRD volts and the VRD ON led will be lit.
3. Touch the Stick Electrode to the work and commence welding as usual.
4. Release the trigger and continue welding.
5. Press and release the trigger to cease welding.
A-11726
There will be 0V on the Power Source welding terminals and both VRD lights will be off.
In both 2T and 4T modes, if the stick electrode is not touched to the work piece within three seconds,
the welding output will be inhibited. Release the trigger to reset, and press the trigger again to reactivate
the VRD.
Note that if the Dead Man Switch function is disabled, 2T and 4T are not available in STICK mode.
Information on how to disable the Dead Man Switch function is available from Cigweld Technical Customer
Care on +61 3 9474 7400
!
WARNING
Approval from a mine site manager, or work site manager must be obtained in writing before the
Dead Man Switch function is disabled. Only a suitably qualified electrical tradesperson or Cigweld
Service Provider should make any changes to the Power Source.
!
WARNING
The Power Source must be turned off and unplugged from the mains supply before the Dead Man
Switch function is changed.
Manual 0-5281 3-11
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSARC 170i
!
WARNING
If 4T operation is selected when using the Dead man Switch mode, the use of and observer is
recommended.
10.Process Selection Control
The process selection control is used to select the desired welding mode. Two modes are available, GTAW
(Lift TIG) and MMAW (Stick) modes. Refer to section 3.08 for GTAW (TIG) set-up details or section 3.09
for MMAW (stick) set-up details.
Note that when the unit is powered on the mode selection control will automatically default to LIFT TIG
mode. This is necessary so as to prevent inadvertent arcing should an electrode holder be connected to
the unit and mistakenly be in contact with the work piece during power up.
11.Thermal Overload Indicator
This welding power source is protected by a self resetting thermostat. The indicator will illuminate if the
duty cycle of the power source has been exceeded. Should the thermal overload indicator illuminate the
output of the power source will be disabled. Once the power source cools down this light will go OFF and
the over temperature condition will automatically reset. Note that the mains power switch should remain
in the on position such that the fan continues to operate thus allowing the unit to cool sufficiently. Do not
switch the unit off should a thermal overload condition be present.
The display will also show error code E-- in the event of an over current or over temperature.
A-11665
12.Shielding Gas Inlet
The Shielding Gas Inlet connection is used to supply the appropriate shiielding gas to the unit. Refer to
section 3.08 for GTAW (TIG) set up details.
!
WARNING
Only Inert Shielding Gases specifically designed for welding applications should be used.
13.On / Off Switch
This switch is used to turn the unit on/off.
14.Fan on Demand
The Transarc170i is fitted with a fan on demand feature. Fan on demand automatically switches the cooling
fan off when it is not required. This has two main advantages; (1) to minimize power consumption, and
(2) to minimize the amount of contaminants such as dust that are drawn into the power source.
Note that the fan will only operate when required for cooling purposes and will automatically switch off
when not required.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-12
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
3.07 Shielding Gas Regulator Operating Instructions (where supplied)
!
WARNING
This equipment is designed for use with welding grade (Inert) shielding gases only.
Shielding Gas Regulator Safety
This regulator is designed to reduce and control high pressure gas from a cylinder or pipeline to the working
pressure required for the equipment using it.
If the equipment is improperly used, hazardous conditions are created that may cause accidents. It is the
users responsibility to prevent such conditions. Before handing or using the equipment, understand and
comply at all times with the safe practices prescribed in this instruction.
SPECIFIC PROCEDURES for the use of regulators are listed below.
1. NEVER subject the regulator to inlet pressure greater than its rated inlet pressure.
2. NEVER pressurize a regulator that has loose or damaged parts or is in a questionable condition. NEVER
loosen a connection or attempt to remove any part of a regulator until the gas pressure has been
relieved. Under pressure, gas can dangerously propel a loose part.
3. DO NOT remove the regulator from a cylinder without first closing the cylinder valve and releasing gas
in the regulator high and low pressure chambers.
4. DO NOT use the regulator as a control valve. When downstream equipment is not in use for extended
periods of time, shut off the gas at the cylinder valve and release the gas from the equipment.
5. OPEN the cylinder valve SLOWLY. Close after use.
User Responsibilities
This equipment will perform safely and reliable only when installed, operated and maintained, and repaired in
accordance with the instructions provided. Equipment must be checked periodically and repaired, replaced,
or reset as necessary for continued safe and reliable performance. Defective equipment should not be used.
Parts that are broken, missing, obviously worn, distorted, or contaminated should be replaced immediately.
The user of this equipment will generally have the sole responsibility for any malfunction, which results from
improper use, faulty maintenance, or by repair by anyone other than an accredited repairer.
CAUTION
Match regulator to cylinder. NEVER CONNECT a regulator designed for a particular gas or gases to
a cylinder containing any other gas.
Art: A-05087
Figure 3-5: Fit Regulator to Cylinder
Manual 0-5281 3-13
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSARC 170i
Installation
1. Remove cylinder valve plastic dust seal. Clean the cylinder valve outlet of impurities that may clog
orifices and damage seats before connecting the regulator.
Crack the valve (open then close) momentarily, pointing the outlet away from people and sources of
ignition. Wipe with a clean lint free cloth.
2. Match regulator to cylinder. Before connecting, check that the regulator label and cylinder marking
agree and that the regulator inlet and cylinder outlet match. NEVER CONNECT a regulator designed
for a particular gas or gases to a cylinder containing any other gas.
3. Connect the regulator inlet connection to cylinder or pipeline and tighten it firmly but not excessively,
with a suitable spanner.
4. Connect and tighten the outlet hose firmly and attach down-stream equipment.
5. To protect sensitive down-stream equipment a separate safety device may be necessary if the regulator
is not fitted with a pressure relief device.
Operation
With the regulator connected to cylinder or pipeline, and the adjustment screw/knob fully disengaged, pressurize
as follows:
1. Stand to one side of regulator and slowly open the cylinder valve. If opened quickly, a sudden pressure
surge may damage internal regulator parts.
2. With valves on downstream equipment closed, adjust regulator to approximate working pressure. It is
recommended that testing for leaks at the regulator connection points be carried out using a suitable
leak detection solution or soapy water.
3. Purge air or other unwanted welding grade shielding gas from equipment connected to the regulator
by individually opening then closing the equipment control valves. Complete purging may take up to
ten seconds or more, depending upon the length and size of the hose being purged.
Adjusting Flow Rate
Art: A-05088_AB
Figure 3-6: Adjust Flow Rate
With the regulator ready for operation, adjust working flow rate as follows:
1. Slowly turn adjusting screw/knob in (clockwise) direction until the outlet gauge indicates the required
flow rate.
NOTE
It may be necessary to re-check the shielding gas regulator flow rate following the first weld sequence
due to back pressure present within shielding gas hose assembly.
2. To reduce flow rate, allow the welding grade shielding gas to discharge from regulator by opening the
downstream valve. Bleed welding grade shielding gas into a well ventilated area and away from any
ignition source. Turn adjusting screw counterclockwise, until the required flow rate is indicated on the
gauge. Close downstream valve.
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-14
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
Shutdown
Close cylinder valve whenever the regulator is not in use. To shut down for extended periods (more than 30
minutes).
1. Close cylinder or upstream valve tightly.
2. Open downstream equipment valves to drain the lines. Bleed gas into a well ventilated area and away
from any ignition source.
3. After gas is drained completely, disengage adjusting screw and close downstream equipment valves.
4. Before transporting cylinders that are not secured on a cart designed for such purposes, remove
regulators.
3.08 Setup for TIG (GTAW) Welding
A. Select Lift TIG mode with the process selection control (refer to Section 3.06.10 for further information).
B. Connect the TIG Torch to the negative welding terminal (-). Welding current flows from the power source
via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned
securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
C. Connect the work lead to the positive welding terminal (+). Welding current flows from the Power Source
via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned
securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
D. Connect the TIG torch trigger switch via the 8 pin socket located on the front of the power source as shown
below. The TIG torch will require a trigger switch to operate in Lift TIG Mode.
NOTE
If the TIG torch has a remote TIG torch current control fitted then it will require to be connected to
the 8 pin socket. (Refer to section 3.06.07 Remote Control Socket for further information).
E. Fit the welding grade shielding gas regulator/flowmeter to the shielding gas cylinder (refer to Section 3.07)
then connect the shielding gas hose from the Power Source to the regulator/flowmeter outlet.
!
WARNING
Before connecting the work clamp to the work and inserting the electrode in the TIG Torch make
sure the mains power supply is switched off.
Secure the welding grade shielding gas cylinder in an upright position by chaining it to a stationary
support to prevent falling or tipping.
CAUTION
Remove any packaging material prior to use. Do not block the air vents at the front or rear of the
Welding Power Source.
Loose welding terminal connections can cause overheating and result in the male plug being fused
in the terminal.
Manual 0-5281 3-15
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSARC 170i
A-11666
Figure 3-7: Setup for TIG Welding
3.09 Foot Control Part No. W4015800 (Optional Accessory)
Art # A-11338
Figure 3-8: Foot Control
2
1
Art # A-11339
3
4
5
6
7
8
Art # A-11340
Figure 3-9: 8 Pin Control Plug
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-16
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
Pin
Description
1
Not Used
2
Trigger Switch
3
Trigger Switch
4
Not Used
5
Potentiometer Maximum
6
Potentiometer Minimum
7
Potentiometer Wiper
8
Not Used
Table 3-2
Description
The CIGWELD Foot Control is a foot operated switch and potentiometer which starts and stops the welding
process and controls welding current through operation of the foot pedal. Refer to list below for compatible
Cigweld power sources.
Installation
Attach the 8-pin connector on the end of the cable to the 8-pin receptacle on the front of the welding machine.
To complete the connection, align the keyway, insert the plug, and rotate the threaded collar fully clockwise.
Foot Control Operation
Press the foot pedal to start the machine output functions. The foot control potentiometer controls the welding
current up to the level set on the welding power source. Note that the maximum current must be set on the
power source by the operator prior to the foot control being connected, although this can be adjusted while
you are welding.
With the foot control connected, the power source will only display minimum preview Amps until the foot
control is depressed then it displays actual welding current when welding. Pressing the pedal to increases
the welding current; letting up on the pedal decreases the welding current. Releasing the pedal completely
extinguishes the arc and initiates the post-flow shielding gas timer (where fitted).
Note that some power sources may require the remote/local switch set to remote, the maximum setting of the
power source will be determined by the respective front panel control, irrespective of the remote control device
setting. As an example, if the output current on the power source front panel is set to 50% of the available
current and the remote control device is set to 100% output or maximum, the maximum achievable output
from the unit will be 50%. Should 100% output be required, the respective front panel control must be set
to 100% or maximum, in which case the remote device will then be able to control between 1-100% output.
Note: The foot control will only work correctly when power source trigger mode 2T (Normal) is selected.
Manual 0-5281 3-17
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
TRANSARC 170i
3.10 Setup for Manual Arc (MMAW) Welding
A. Connect the Electrode Holder lead to the positive welding terminal (+). If in doubt, consult the electrode
manufacturer. Welding current flows from the Power Source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is
essential, however, that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
B. Connect the work lead to the negative welding terminal (-). If in doubt, consult the electrode manufacturer.
Welding current flows from the power source via heavy duty bayonet type terminals. It is essential, however,
that the male plug is inserted and turned securely to achieve a sound electrical connection.
!
WARNING
Before connecting the work clamp to the work and inserting the electrode in the electrode holder
make sure the mains power supply is switched off.
CAUTION
Remove any packaging material prior to use. Do not block the air vents at the front or rear of the
Welding Power Source.
Loose welding terminal connections can cause overheating and result in the male plug being
fused.
Figure 3-10: Setup for Manual Arc Welding
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SETUP
3-18
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
SECTION 4:
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4.01 Stick (MMAW) Basic Welding Technique
Size of Electrode
The electrode size is determined by the thickness of metals being joined and can also be governed by the type
of welding machine available. Small welding machines will only provide sufficient current (amperage) to run
the smaller size electrodes.
For thin sections, it is necessary to use smaller electrodes otherwise the arc may burn holes through the job.
A little practice will soon establish the most suitable electrode for a given application.
Storage of Electrodes
Always store electrodes in a dry place and in their original containers.
Electrode Polarity
Electrodes are generally connected to the ELECTRODE HOLDER with the Electrode Holder connected positive
polarity. The WORK LEAD is connected negative polarity and is connected to the work piece. If in doubt consult
the electrode data sheet or your nearest Accredited CIGWELD Distributor.
Effects of Arc Welding Various Materials
A. High tensile and alloy steels
The two most prominent effects of welding these steels are the formation of a hardened zone in the weld
area, and, if suitable precautions are not taken, the occurrence in this zone of under-bead cracks may result.
Hardened zone and under-bead cracks in the weld area may be reduced by using the correct electrodes,
preheating, using higher current settings, using larger electrodes sizes, short runs for larger electrode
deposits or tempering in a furnace.
Hydrogen controlled Electrodes must be used for this application. Use Ferrocraft 61 or 16TXP for normal
strength (500 MPa) steels, and Alloycraft range for higher strength steels.
B. Austenitic manganese steels
The effect on manganese steel of slow cooling from high temperatures is to embrittle it. For this reason
it is absolutely essential to keep manganese steel cool during welding by quenching after each weld or
skip welding to distribute the heat. Suitable Electrode types are Cobalarc Austex or Cobalarc Mangcraft.
C. Cast Iron
Most types of cast iron, except white iron, are weldable. White iron, because of its extreme brittleness,
generally cracks when attempts are made to weld it. Trouble may also be experienced when welding whiteheart malleable, due to the porosity caused by gas held in this type of iron. Suitable Electrode types are
Castcraft 55 or Castcraft 100.
D. Copper and alloys
The most important factor is the high rate of heat conductivity of copper, making preheating of heavy
sections necessary to give proper fusion of weld and base metal. Suitable Electrode types are Bronzecraft
AC-DC electrodes.
Arc Welding Practice
The techniques used for arc welding are almost identical regardless of what types of metals are being joined.
Naturally enough, different types of electrodes would be used for different metals as described in the preceding
section.
Manual 0-5281 4-1
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSARC 170i
Welding Position
The electrodes dealt with in this publication can be used in most positions, i.e. they are suitable for welding in
flat, horizontal, vertical and overhead positions. Numerous applications call for welds to be made in positions
intermediate between these. Some of the common types of welds are shown in Figures 4-1 through 4-8.
Art # A-07687
Figure 4-1: Flat Position, Down Hand Butt Weld
Art # A-07688
Figure 4-2: Flat Position, Gravity Fillet Weld
Art # A-07689
Figure 4-3: Horizontal Position, Butt Weld
Art # A-07690
Figure 4-4: Horizontal-Vertical (HV) Position
Art A-07691
Figure 4-5: Vertical Position, Butt Weld
Art # A-07692
Figure 4-6: Vertical Position, Fillet Weld
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-2
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
Art# A-07693
Figure 4-7: Overhead Position, Butt Weld
Art # A-07694
Figure 4-8: Overhead Position, Fillet Weld
Joint Preparations
In many cases, it will be possible to weld steel sections without any special preparation. For heavier sections
and for repair work on castings, etc., it will be necessary to cut or grind an angle between the pieces being
joined to ensure proper penetration of the weld metal and to produce sound joints.
In general, surfaces being welded should be clean and free of rust, scale, dirt, grease, etc. Slag should be
removed from oxy-cut surfaces. Typical joint designs are shown in Figure 4-9.
Single Vee Butt Joint
Open Square Butt
Joint
Not less than
70°
1.6mm (1/16” ) max
Gap varies from
1.6mm (1/16”) to 4.8mm (3/16”)
depending on plate thickness
1.6mm (1/16”)
Single Vee Butt Joint
Not less than
45°
Double Vee Butt Joint
Lap Joint
Fillet Joint
Not less than
70°
1.6mm (1/16”) max
1.6mm (1/16”)
Tee Joints
(Fillet both sides of the
joint)
Corner Weld
Edge Joint
Plug Weld
Plug Weld
Art # A-07695_AE
Figure 4-9: Typical Joint Designs for Arc Welding
Manual 0-5281 4-3
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSARC 170i
Arc Welding Technique - A Word to Beginners
For those who have not yet done any welding, the simplest way to commence is to run beads on a piece of
scrap plate. Use mild steel plate about 6.0mm thick and a 3.2mm electrode. Clean any paint, loose scale or
grease off the plate and set it firmly on the work bench so that welding can be carried out in the downhand
position. Make sure that the work clamp is making good electrical contact with the work, either directly or
through the work table. For light gauge material, always clamp the work lead directly to the job, otherwise a
poor circuit will probably result.
The Welder
Place yourself in a comfortable position before beginning to weld. Get a seat of suitable height and do as
much work as possible sitting down. Don't hold your body tense. A taut attitude of mind and a tensed body
will soon make you feel tired. Relax and you will find that the job becomes much easier. You can add much to
your peace of mind by wearing a leather apron and gauntlets. You won't be worrying then about being burnt
or sparks setting alight to your clothes.
Place the work so that the direction of welding is across, rather than to or from, your body. The electrode
holder lead should be clear of any obstruction so that you can move your arm freely along as the electrode
burns down. If the lead is slung over your shoulder, it allows greater freedom of movement and takes a lot of
weight off your hand. Be sure the insulation on your cable and electrode holder is not faulty, otherwise you
are risking an electric shock.
Striking the Arc
Practice this on a piece of scrap plate before going on to more exacting work. You may at first experience
difficulty due to the tip of the electrode "sticking" to the work piece. This is caused by making too heavy a
contact with the work and failing to withdraw the electrode quickly enough. A low amperage will accentuate it.
This freezing-on of the tip may be overcome by scratching the electrode along the plate surface in the same
way as a match is struck. As soon as the arc is established, maintain a 1.6mm to 3.2mm gap between the
burning electrode end and the parent metal. Draw the electrode slowly along as it melts down.
Another difficulty you may meet is the tendency, after the arc is struck, to withdraw the electrode so far that
the arc is broken again. A little practice will soon remedy both of these faults.
20°
Art # A-07696_AB
1.6 mm (1/16”)
Figure 4-10: Striking an Arc
Arc Length
The securing of an arc length necessary to produce a neat weld soon becomes almost automatic. You will
find that a long arc produces more heat. A very long arc produces a crackling or spluttering noise and the
weld metal comes across in large, irregular blobs. The weld bead is flattened and spatter increases. A short
arc is essential if a high quality weld is to be obtained although if it is too short there is the danger of it being
blanketed by slag and the electrode tip being solidified in. If this should happen, give the electrode a quick
twist back over the weld to detach it. Contact or "touch-weld" electrodes such as Ferrocraft 21 do not stick in
this way, and make welding much easier.
Rate of Travel
After the arc is struck, your next concern is to maintain it, and this requires moving the electrode tip towards
the molten pool at the same rate as it is melting away. At the same time, the electrode has to move along the
plate to form a bead. The electrode is directed at the weld pool at about 20º from the vertical. The rate of travel
has to be adjusted so that a well-formed bead is produced.
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-4
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
If the travel is too fast, the bead will be narrow and strung out and may even be broken up into individual
globules. If the travel is too slow, the weld metal piles up and the bead will be too large.
Making Welded Joints
Having attained some skill in the handling of an electrode, you will be ready to go on to make up welded joints.
A. Butt Welds
Set up two plates with their edges parallel, as shown in Figure 4-11, allowing 1.6mm to 2.4mm gap between
them and tack weld at both ends. This is to prevent contraction stresses from the cooling weld metal
pulling the plates out of alignment. Plates thicker than 6.0mm should have their mating edges bevelled to
form a 70º to 90º included angle. This allows full penetration of the weld metal to the root. Using a 3.2mm
Ferrocraft 21 electrode at 100 amps, deposit a run of weld metal on the bottom of the joint.
Do not weave the electrode, but maintain a steady rate of travel along the joint sufficient to produce a
well-formed bead. At first you may notice a tendency for undercut to form, but keeping the arc length
short, the angle of the electrode at about 20º from vertical, and the rate of travel not too fast, will help
eliminate this. The electrode needs to be moved along fast enough to prevent the slag pool from getting
ahead of the arc. To complete the joint in thin plate, turn the job over, clean the slag out of the back and
deposit a similar weld.
20°-30°
Electrode
Tack Weld
Tack Weld
Art # A-07697_AB
Figure 4-11: Butt Weld
Art # A-07698
Figure 4-12: Weld Build up Sequence
Heavy plate will require several runs to complete the joint. After completing the first run, chip the slag
out and clean the weld with a wire brush. It is important to do this to prevent slag being trapped by the
second run. Subsequent runs are then deposited using either a weave technique or single beads laid down
in the sequence shown in Figure 4-12. The width of weave should not be more than three times the core
wire diameter of the electrode. When the joint is completely filled, the back is either machined, ground or
gouged out to remove slag which may be trapped in the root, and to prepare a suitable joint for depositing
the backing run. If a backing bar is used, it is not usually necessary to remove this, since it serves a similar
purpose to the backing run in securing proper fusion at the root of the weld.
B. Fillet Welds
These are welds of approximately triangular cross-section made by depositing metal in the corner of two
faces meeting at right angles. Refer to Figure 4-4.
A piece of angle iron is a suitable specimen with which to begin, or two lengths of strip steel may be
tacked together at right angles. Using a 3.2mm Ferrocraft 21 electrode at 100 amps, position angle iron
with one leg horizontal and the other vertical. This is known as a horizontal-vertical (HV) fillet. Strike the
arc and immediately bring the electrode to a position perpendicular to the line of the fillet and about 45º
from the vertical. Some electrodes require to be sloped about 20º away from the perpendicular position
Manual 0-5281 4-5
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSARC 170i
to prevent slag from running ahead of the weld. Refer to Figure 4-13. Do not attempt to build up much
larger than 6.4mm width with a 3.2mm electrode, otherwise the weld metal tends to sag towards the base,
and undercut forms on the vertical leg. Multi-runs can be made as shown in Figure 4-14. Weaving in HV
fillet welds is undesirable.
45° from
vertical
60° - 70° from line
of weld
Art # A-07699_AB
Figure 4-13: Electrode Position for HV Fillet Weld
Art # A-07700_AB
6
3
5
1
2
4
Figure 4-14: Multi-runs in HV Fillet Weld
C. Vertical Welds
1. Vertical Up
Tack weld a three feet length of angle iron to your work bench in an upright position. Use a 3.2mm
Ferrocraft 21 electrode and set the current at 100 amps. Make yourself comfortable on a seat in front
of the job and strike the arc in the corner of the fillet. The electrode needs to be about 10º from the
horizontal to enable a good bead to be deposited. Refer Figure 4-15. Use a short arc, and do not attempt
to weave on the first run. When the first run has been completed de-slag the weld deposit and begin
the second run at the bottom. This time a slight weaving motion is necessary to cover the first run and
obtain good fusion at the edges. At the completion of each side motion, pause for a moment to allow
weld metal to build up at the edges, otherwise undercut will form and too much metal will accumulate
in the centre of the weld. Figure 4-16 illustrates multi-run technique and Figure 4-17 shows the effects
of pausing at the edge of weave and of weaving too rapidly.
Art # A-07701
Figure 4-15: Single Run Vertical Fillet Weld
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-6
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
Art # A-07702
Figure 4-16: Multi Run Vertical Fillet Weld
Art # A-07703
Figure 4-17: Examples of Vertical Fillet Welds
2. Vertical Down
The Ferrocraft 21 electrode makes welding in this position particularly easy. Use a 3.2mm electrode at
100 amps. The tip of the electrode is held in light contact with the work and the speed of downward
travel is regulated so that the tip of the electrode just keeps ahead of the slag. The electrode should
point upwards at an angle of about 45º.
3. Overhead Welds
Apart from the rather awkward position necessary, overhead welding is not much more difficult that
downhand welding. Set up a specimen for overhead welding by first tacking a length of angle iron at
right angles to another piece of angle iron or a length of waste pipe. Then tack this to the work bench
or hold in a vice so that the specimen is positioned in the overhead position as shown in the sketch.
The electrode is held at 45º to the horizontal and tilted 10º in the line of travel (Figure 4-18). The tip of
the electrode may be touched lightly on the metal, which helps to give a steady run. A weave technique
is not advisable for overhead fillet welds. Use a 3.2mm Ferrocraft 12XP electrode at 100 amps, and
deposit the first run by simply drawing the electrode along at a steady rate. You will notice that the
weld deposit is rather convex, due to the effect of gravity before the metal freezes.
Art # A-07704
Figure 4-18: Overhead Fillet Weld
Manual 0-5281 4-7
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSARC 170i
Distortion
Distortion in some degree is present in all forms of welding. In many cases it is so small that it is barely
perceptible, but in other cases allowance has to be made before welding commences for the distortion that
will subsequently occur. The study of distortion is so complex that only a brief outline can be attempted hear.
The Cause of Distortion
Distortion is caused by:
A. Contraction of Weld Metal:
Molten steel shrinks approximately 11 per cent in volume on cooling to room temperature. This means
that a cube of molten metal would contract approximately 2.2 per cent in each of its three dimensions. In
a welded joint, the metal becomes attached to the side of the joint and cannot contract freely. Therefore,
cooling causes the weld metal to flow plastically, that is, the weld itself has to stretch if it is to overcome
the effect of shrinking volume and still be attached to the edge of the joint. If the restraint is very great,
as, for example, in a heavy section of plate, the weld metal may crack. Even in cases where the weld
metal does not crack, there will still remain stresses "Locked-up" in the structure. If the joint material is
relatively weak, for example, a butt joint in 2.0mm sheet, the contracting weld metal may cause the sheet
to become distorted.
B. Expansion and Contraction of Parent Metal in the Fusion Zone:
While welding is proceeding, a relatively small volume of the adjacent plate material is heated to a very
high temperature and attempts to expand in all directions. It is able to do this freely at right angles to the
surface of the plate (i.e., "through the weld", but when it attempts to expand "across the weld" or "along the
weld", it meets considerable resistance, and to fulfil the desire for continued expansion, it has to deform
plastically, that is, the metal adjacent to the weld is at a high temperature and hence rather soft, and, by
expanding, pushes against the cooler, harder metal further away, and tends to bulge (or is "upset". When
the weld area begins to cool, the "upset" metal attempts to contract as much as it expanded, but, because
it has been "upset" it does not resume its former shape, and the contraction of the new shape exerts a
strong pull on adjacent metal. Several things can then happen.
The metal in the weld area is stretched (plastic deformation), the job may be pulled out of shape by the
powerful contraction stresses (distortion), or the weld may crack, in any case, there will remain "lockedup" stresses in the job. Figures 4-19 and 4- 20 illustrate how distortion is created.
Upsetting
Weld
Art # A-07705_AB
Expansion with
compression
Hot
Hot
Cool
Figure 4-19: Parent Metal Expansion
Art # A-07706_AB
Weld
Permanent Upset
Contraction
with tension
Figure 4-20: Parent Metal Contraction
Overcoming Distortion Effects
There are several methods of minimizing distortion effects.
A.Peening
This is done by hammering the weld while it is still hot. The weld metal is flattened slightly and because of
this the tensile stresses are reduced a little. The effect of peening is relatively shallow, and is not advisable
on the last layer.
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-8
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
B. Distribution of Stresses
Distortion may be reduced by selecting a welding sequence which will distribute the stresses suitably so
that they tend to cancel each other out. See Figures 4-20 through 4-23 for various weld sequences. Choice
of a suitable weld sequence is probably the most effective method of overcoming distortion, although an
unsuitable sequence may exaggerate it. Simultaneous welding of both sides of a joint by two welders is
often successful in eliminating distortion.
C. Restraint of Parts
Forcible restraint of the components being welded is often used to prevent distortion. Jigs, positions, and
tack welds are methods employed with this in view.
D.Presetting
It is possible in some cases to tell from past experience or to find by trial and error (or less frequently, to
calculate) how much distortion will take place in a given welded structure. By correct pre-setting of the
components to be welded, constructional stresses can be made to pull the parts into correct alignment.
A simple example is shown in Figure 4-21.
E.Preheating
Suitable preheating of parts of the structure other than the area to be welded can be sometimes used to
reduce distortion. Figure 4-22 shows a simple application. By removing the heating source from b and c as
soon as welding is completed, the sections b and c will contract at a similar rate, thus reducing distortion.
Art # A-07707
Figure 4-21: Principle of Presetting
Art # A-07708
B
Preheat
C
Preheat
Weld
Dotted lines show effect if no preheat is used
Figure 4-22: Reduction of Distortion by Preheating
Art # A-07709
Figure 4-23: Examples of Distortion
Manual 0-5281 4-9
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSARC 170i
3
2
1
Art # A-07710_AB
Block Sequence.
The spaces between the welds are
filled in when the welds are cool.
Figure 4-24: Welding Sequence
4
3
2
1
Art # A-07711_AB
Figure 4-25: Step back Sequence
Art # A-07712
Figure 4-26: Chain Intermittent Welding
Art # A-07713_AB
Figure 4-27: Staggered Intermittent Welding
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-10
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
Electrode Selection Chart
Description
Diameter
CIGWELD Electrode Selection Chart
Pack
Part No.
Application
2.5mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.0mm
2.0mm
2.5mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.0mm
2.0mm
2.5mm
2.5mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
3.2mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.0mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
2.5/3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5mm
3.2mm
2.5/3.2mm
4.0mm
1kg
2.5kg
1kg
2.5kg
5kg
1kg
2.5kg
1kg
2.5kg
1kg
2.5kg
5kg
1 kg
2.5 kg
1 kg
2.5 kg
5 kg
1 kg
2.5 kg
5 kg
5 kg
5 kg
5 kg
5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2,5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
Blisterpack
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
Blisterpack
2.5 kg
322135
612182
322136
612183
611184
322128
612231
322129
612232
322138
612233
611234
WEG1020
WEG2520
WEG1025
WEG2525
WEG5025
WEG1032
WEG2532
WEG5032
WEG5040
611752
611753
611754
611602
611603
611604
611692
611693
611694
611661
611662
611663
322215
611664
611702
611703
322216
611704
Castcraft 55
3.2mm
4.0mm
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
611723
611724
For repair and maintenance welding of S.G. cast iron,
meehanite and other cast irons. It produces high
strength weld than Castcraft 100.
Castcraft
100
2.5mm
3.2mm
Blisterpack
4.0mm
2.5 kg
2.5 kg
Blisterpack
2.5 kg
611732
611733
322217
611734
Soft, Ductile Nickel type electrode for repair and
maintenance welding of a wide range of cast irons. It
has better “wetting” action than Castcraft 55.
Satincraft 13
Ferrocraft
12XP
WeldSkill GP
Ferrocraft 16
Twincoat
Satincrome
308L-17
Satincrome
309Mo-17
Satincrome
316L-17
Weldall
General purpose electrode suitable for all positional
welding and galvanised steel.
General purpose, extra performance electrode
recommended for all positional (inc. Vertical down)
welding of mild and galvanised steel.
User-friendly GP electrode for welding thin section mild
and galvanised steels. Excellent for vertical down fillet
welding applications.
Hydrogen Controlled type offering exceptional AC/DC
performance in all welding positions.
Stainless Steel type for 19Cr/10Ni stainless grades
including 201, 202, 301, 302, 303, 304, 304L, 305,
308, etc
Stainless Steel type for 309 and 309L grades. It is also
suitable for welding of dissimilar welding of other 300
series stainless steels.
Stainless Steel type for welding of matching Mo bearing
grades, 316 and 316L.
High alloy stainless steel type for welding of unknown
steels, repair of die or tool steels and for joining
dissimilar steels. (Not recommended for cast iron).
Table 4-1: Cigweld Electrode Selection Chart
Further information on CIGWELD electrodes can be found at the website www.cigweld.com.au.
Manual 0-5281 4-11
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSARC 170i
4.02 Stick (MMAW) Welding Troubleshooting
FAULT
1 Welding current
varying
CAUSE
REMEDY
ARC FORCE is set at a value that causes the welding
current to vary excessively
with the arc length.
A Welding current too low
2 A gap is left by
failure of the weld B Electrode too large for
metal to fill the
joint.
root of the weld.
C Insufficient gap.
Reduce the ARC FORCE until welding current is
reasonably constant while prohibiting the electrode from sticking to the work piece when you
“dig” the electrode into the workpiece.
A Increase welding current.
B Use smaller diameter electrode.
C Allow wider gap.
3 Non-metallic par- A Non-metallic particles may A If a bad undercut is present clean slag out and
ticles are trapped
be trapped in undercut
cover with a run from a smaller gauge electrode.
in the weld metal.
from previous run.
B Joint preparation too
restricted.
B Allow for adequate penetration and room for
cleaning out the slag.
C Irregular deposits allow
slag to be trapped.
C If very bad, chip or grind out irregularities.
D Lack of penetration with D Use smaller electrode with sufficient current to
slag trapped beneath weld
give adequate penetration. Use suitable tools to
bead.
remove all slag from comers.
E Rust or mill scale is preventing full fusion.
E Clean joint before welding.
F Wrong electrode for posi- F Use electrodes designed for position in which
tion in which welding is
welding is done, otherwise proper control of slag
done.
is difficult.
Art # A-05866_AC
Incorrect Sequence
Insufficient Gap
Figure 1-Example of insufficient gap or incorrect sequence
4 A groove has been A Welding current is too
formed in the base
high.
metal adjacent to B Welding arc is too long.
the toe of a weld
and has not been
filled by the weld C Angle of the electrode is
incorrect.
metal (undercut).
D Joint preparation does not
allow correct electrode
angle.
E Electrode too large for
joint.
A Reduce welding current.
B Reduce the length of the welding arc.
C Electrode should not be inclined less than 45° to
the vertical face.
D Allow more room in joint for manipulation of the
electrode.
E Use smaller gauge electrode.
F Insufficient deposit time at F Pause for a moment at edge of weave to allow
edge of weave.
weld metal buildup.
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-12
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
5 Portions of the
A Small electrodes used on A Use larger electrodes and preheat the plate.
weld run do not
heavy cold plate.
fuse to the surface
B Welding current is too low. B Increase welding current.
of the metal or
C Adjust angle so the welding arc is directed more
edge of the joint. C Wrong electrode angle.
into the base metal.
D Travel speed of electrode
is too high.
D Reduce travel speed of electrode.
E Scale or dirt on joint
surface.
E Clean surface before welding.
Lack of fusion caused by dirt,
electrode angle incorrect,
rate of travel too high
Art # A-05867_AC
Lack of side fusion,
scale dirt, small electrode,
amperage too low
6 Gas pockets or
voids in weld
metal (porosity)
Lack of
inter-run fusion
Figure 2: Example of Lack of Fusion
Lack of root fusion
A High levels of sulphur in
steel.
A Use an electrode that is designed for high sulphur steels.
B Electrodes are damp.
B Dry electrodes before use.
C Welding current is too
high.
C Reduce welding current.
D Surface impurities such as D Clean joint before welding.
oil, grease, paint, etc.
E Welding in a windy environment.
E Shield the weld area from the wind.
F Electrode damaged ie flux F Discard damaged electrodes and only use eleccoating incomplete.
trodes with a complete flux coating.
7 Crack occurring in A Rigidity of joint.
weld metal soon
after solidification B Insufficient throat thickcommences
ness.
C Weld current is too high.
Not cleaned,
or incorrect
electrode
A Redesign to relieve weld joint of severe stresses
or use crack resistance electrodes.
B Travel slightly slower to allow greater build up in
throat.
C Decrease welding current.
Slag
trapped in
undercut
Slag trapped in root
Figure 3: Example of Slag Inclusion
Art # A-05868_AC
Table 4-2: Welding Problems MMAW (Stick)
Manual 0-5281 4-13
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSARC 170i
4.03 TIG (GTAW) Basic Welding Technique
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) or TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) as it is commonly referred to, is a welding
process in which fusion is produced by an electric arc that is established between a single tungsten (nonconsumable) electrode and the work piece. Shielding is obtained from a welding grade shielding gas or welding
grade shielding gas mixture which is generally Argon based. A filler metal may also be added manually in some
circumstances depending on the welding application.
A-09658_AB
Work Piece
Can Be Any Commercial
Metal
Gas Cup
Either Ceramic,
High-lmpact or
Water Cooled
Metal
Tungsten Electrode
Non-Consumable
Welds Made With or Without
Addition of Filler Metal
Inert Gas
Shields Electrode
and Weld Puddle
Figure 4-28: TIG Welding Application Shot
Tungsten Electrode Current Ranges
Electrode Diameter
DC Current (Amps)
0.040” (1.0mm)
30-60
1/16” (1.6mm)
60-115
3/32” (2.4mm)
100-165
1/8” (3.2mm)
135-200
5/32” (4.0mm)
190-280
3/16” (4.8mm)
250-340
Table 4-3: Current Ranges for Various Tungsten Electrode Sizes
Guide for Selecting Filler Wire Diameter
Filler Wire Diameter DC Current Range (Amps)
1/16” (1.6mm)
20-90
3/32” (2.4mm)
65-115
1/8” (3.2mm)
100-165
3/16” (4.8mm)
200-350
Table 4-4: Filler Wire Selection Guide
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-14
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
Tungsten Electrode Types
Electrode Type
(Ground Finish)
Welding Application
Features
Colour Code
Thoriated 2%
DC welding of mild
steel, stainless steel
and copper
Excellent arc starting,
Long life, High current
carrying capacity
Red
Zirconated 1%
High quality AC welding of aluminium,
magnesium and their
alloys.
Self cleaning, Long
life, Maintains balled
end, High current carrying capacity.
White
Ceriated 2%
AC & DC welding of
mild steel, stainless
steel, copper, aluminium, magnesium and
their alloys
Longer life, More
stable arc, Easier
starting, Wider current
range, Narrower more
concentrated arc.
Grey
Table 4-5
TIG Welding Filler Rods
Comweld Aust Std
Rod
AWS Std
Part No.
1.6mm
Part No.
2.4mm
Part No.
3.2mm
Type/Application
LW1
LW1-6
Supersteel
R4
R6
R2
ER70S-4
ER70S-6
ER70S-2
321411
321417
321370
—
—
—
—
—
—
For mild-medium strength steels.
Pipes, tubing, roll cages, etc.
CrMo1
CrMo2
RB2
RB3
ER80S-B2
ER90S-B3
—
—
321379
321383
—
—
For welding of high strength Cr-Mo
steels used at elevated temperatures.
308L
309L
316L
R308L
R309L
R316L
ER308L
ER309L
ER316L
321406
321403
321400
321407
321404
321401
—
—
—
For stainless steels. Stainless pipes,
tubing, architectural uses, etc.
Table 4-6
Base Metal
Thickness
DC Current DC Current
for Mild for Stainless
Steel
Steel
Tungsten
Electrode
Diameter
Filler Rod
Diameter (if
required)
Argon Gas
Flow Rate
Litres/min
Joint Type
0.040”
1.0mm
35-45
40-50
20-30
25-35
0.040”
1.0mm
1/16”
1.6mm
5-7
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
0.045”
1.2mm
45-55
50-60
30-45
35-50
0.040”
1.0mm
1/16”
1.6mm
5-7
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
1/16”
1.6mm
60-70
70-90
40-60
50-70
1/16”
1.6mm
1/16”
1.6mm
7
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
1/8”
3.2mm
80-100
90-115
65-85
90-110
1/16”
1.6mm
3/32”
2.4mm
7
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
3/16”
4.8mm
115-135
140-165
100-125
125-150
3/32”
2.4mm
1/8”
3.2mm
10
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
1/4”
6.4mm
160-175
170-200
135-160
160-180
1/8”
3.2mm
Table 4-7
5/32”
4.0mm
10
Butt/Corner
Lap/Fillet
Manual 0-5281 4-15
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSARC 170i
TIG Welding is generally regarded as a specialised process that requires operator competency. While many of
the principles outlined in the previous Arc Welding section are applicable a comprehensive outline of the TIG
Welding process is outside the scope of this Operating Manual. For further information please refer to www.
cigweld.com.au or contact Cigweld.
4.04 TIG (GTAW) Welding Problems
FAULT
CAUSE
REMEDY
1 Excessive bead build up or
poor penetration or poor
fusion at edges of weld.
Welding current is too
low
Increase weld current and/or faulty joint
preparation.
2 Weld bead too wide and
flat or undercut at edges
of weld or excessive burn
through.
Welding current is too
high
Decrease weld current.
3 Weld bead too small or
insufficient penetration or
ripples in bead are widely
spaced apart.
Travel speed too fast
Reduce travel speed.
4 Weld bead too wide or
excessive bead build up or
excessive penetration in
butt joint.
Travel speed too slow
Increase travel speed.
5 Uneven leg length in fillet
joint
Wrong placement of
filler rod
Re-position filler rod.
6 Electrode melts or oxidises A Torch lead connected
when an arc is struck.
to positive welding
terminal.
A Connect torch lead to negative welding
terminal.
B No gas flowing to weld- B Check the gas lines for kinks or breaks
ing region.
and gas cylinder contents.
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
C Torch is clogged with
dust or dirt.
C Clean torch.
D Gas hose is cut.
D Replace gas hose.
E Gas passage contains
impurities.
E Disconnect gas hose from the rear of
Power Source then raise gas pressure
and blow out impurities.
F Gas regulator turned
off.
F Turn on.
G The electrode is too
small for the welding
current.
G Increase electrode diameter or reduce the
welding current.
4-16
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
7 Dirty weld pool
A Electrode contaminated A Clean the electrode by grinding off the
by contact with work
contaminates.
piece or filler rod material.
B Work piece surface has B Clean surface.
foreign material on it.
C Gas contaminated with C Check gas lines for cuts and loose fitting
air.
or change gas cylinder.
8 Poor weld finish
9 Arc start is not smooth.
Inadequate shielding
gas.
Increase gas flow or check gas line for
gas flow problems.
A Tungsten electrode is A Select the right size tungsten electrode.
too large for the weldRefer to Table 4-3 Cigweld Tungsten
ing current.
Electrode Selection Chart.
B The wrong electrode
is being used for the
welding job.
B Select the right size tungsten electrode
type. Refer to Table 4-5 Cigweld Tungsten
Electrode Selection Chart.
C Gas flow rate is too
high.
C Select the right shielding gas flow rate for
the welding job. Refer to Table 4-7.
D Incorrect shielding gas D Select the right shielding gas.
is being used.
E Poor work clamp con- E Improve connection to work piece.
nection to work piece.
10 Arc flutters during TIG
welding.
Tungsten electrode is
too large for the welding current.
Select the right size tungsten electrode.
Refer to Table 4-3 Cigweld Tungsten
Electrode Selection Chart.
Table 4-8: GTAW (TIG) Welding Problems
Manual 0-5281 4-17
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
TRANSARC 170i
BASIC WELDING GUIDE
4-18
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
SECTION 5:
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE
REQUIREMENTS
5.01 Power Source Problems
FAULT
CAUSE
REMEDY
1 Mains supply voltA Power source is not in the correct A Set the power source to the correct
age is ON, Amps
mode of operation.
mode of operation with the process
Display is illuminated
selection switch.
however unit will not B Faulty torch trigger.
B Repair or replace torch trigger
commence welding
switch/lead.
when the torch trigger
switch is depressed.
2 Fault Indicator is
illuminated and unit
will not commence
welding when the
torch trigger switch is
depressed.
3 Welding arc cannot
be established.
4 No gas flow in TIG
mode.
5 Gas flow continues
after the torch trigger switch has been
released (TIG mode).
Duty cycle of power source has
been exceeded.
Leave the power source switched
ON and allow it to cool. Note that
fault indicator must be extinguished
prior to commencement of welding.
A Poor or no work lead contact.
A Clean work clamp area and ensure
good electrical contact.
B Trigger switch faulty or disconnected.
B Connect or repair trigger switch.
A Gas hose is damaged.
A Replace or repair.
B Gas passage contains impurities. B Disconnect gas hose from the rear
of power source or wirefeeder and
blow out impurities.
C Gas regulator turned off.
C Turn on regulator.
D Empty gas cylinder.
D Replace gas cylinder.
A Gas valve has jammed open due A Have an accredited CIGWELD
to impurities in the gas or the gas
service provider repair or replace
line.
gas valve.
B Post flow is active in TIG modes.
B Reduce post flow time
6 Amps Display will
not illuminate and
welding arc cannot be
established.
The mains supply voltage has
exceeded voltage limits of the
power source.
Ensure that the mains supply voltage is within 240VAC ± 15%.
7 TIG electrode melts
when arc is struck.
TIG torch is connected to the (+)
VE terminal.
Connect the TIG torch to the (-) VE
terminal.
8 Arc flutters during
TIG welding.
Tungsten electrode is too large
for the welding current.
Select the correct size of tungsten
electrode. Refer to Table 4-3.
9 Fault light is on ,and
E-1 is shown on the
Amps display
A Fail to Safe protection has operated in STICK mode- VRD fault.
A Reset mains power, if fault does not
clear then replace control board.
B Fail to safe protection has operated in TIG mode- Inverter fault.
B Reset mains power, if fault does not
clear then replace control board.
C External voltage has been applied C Reset mains power and remove the
to the welding circuit.
source of the external voltage.
Manual 0-5281 5-1
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
TRANSARC 170i
10 Fault light is on, and
E-1 is shown on the
Amps display.
A Fail to Safe protection has operated in STICK mode- VRD fault.
A Reset mains power, if fault does not
clear then have an accredited CIGWELD service provider repair unit.
B Fail to safe protection has operated in TIG mode- Inverter fault.
B Reset mains power, if fault does not
clear then have an accredited CIGWELD service provider repair unit.
C External voltage has been applied C Reset mains power and remove the
to the welding circuit
source of the external voltage
Table 5-1
5.02 Routine Service and Calibration Requirements
!
WARNING
There are extremely dangerous voltage and power levels present inside this Inverter Power Source.
Do not attempt to open or repair unless you are an accredited CIGWELD Service Provider. Disconnect the Welding Power Source from the Mains Supply Voltage before disassembling.
Routine Inspection, Testing & Maintenance
The inspection and testing of the power source and associated accessories shall be carried out in accordance
with Section 5 of AS 1674.2 - 2007: Safety in Welding and Allied Processes-Part 2 Electrical. This includes an
insulation resistance test and an earthing test to ensure the integrity of the unit is compliant with Cigweld's
original specifications.
If equipment is to be used in a hazardous location or environments with a high risk of electrocution as outlined
in AS 1674.2 - 2007, then the above tests should be carried out prior to entering this location.
A. Testing Schedule
1. For transportable equipment, at least once every 3 months; and
2. For fixed equipment, at least once every 12 months.
The owners of the equipment shall keep a suitable record of the periodic tests and a system of tagging,
including the date of the most recent inspection.
A transportable power source is deemed to be any equipment that is not permanently connected and fixed
in the position in which it is operated.
B. Insulation Resistance
Minimum insulation resistance for in-service Cigweld Inverter Power Sources shall be measured at a voltage
of 500V between the parts referred to in Table 6-1below. Power sources that do not meet the insulation
resistance requirements set out below shall be withdrawn from service and not returned until repairs have
been performed such that the requirements outlined below are met.
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS 5-2
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
Minimum Insulation
Resistance (MΩ)
Components to be Tested
Input circuit (including any connected control circuits) to welding circuit
(including any connected control circuits)
5
All circuits to exposed conductive parts
2.5
Welding circuit (including any connected control circuits) to any auxiliary
circuit which operates at a voltage exceeding extra low voltage
10
Welding circuit (including any connected control circuits) to any auxiliary
circuit which operates at a voltage not exceeding extra low voltage
1
1
Separate welding circuit to separate welding circuit
Table 5-2: Minimum Insulation Resistance Requirements: Cigweld Inverter Power Sources
C.Earthing
The resistance shall not exceed 1Ω between any metal of a power source where such metal is required
to be earthed, and 1. The earth terminal of a fixed power source; or
2. The earth terminal of the associated plug of a transportable power source
Note that due to the dangers of stray output currents damaging fixed wiring, the integrity of fixed wiring
supplying Cigweld welding power sources should be inspected by a licensed electrical worker in accordance
with the requirements below 1. For outlets/wiring and associated accessories supplying transportable equipment - at least once
every 3 months; and
2. For outlets/wiring and associated accessories supplying fixed equipment - at least once every 12
months.
D. Voltage Reduction Device (VRD)
Units fitted with VRD's, shall have the periodic tests outlined in Table 6-2 below conducted by an accredited
CIGWELD service provider. Testing shall be conducted at intervals as outlined below 1. For transportable equipment, at least once every 3 months; and
2. For fixed equipment, at least once every 12 months.
Description
Required Parameters
VRD Open Circuit Voltage Less than 35V; at nominal input voltage
VRD Turn OFF Resistance
Less than 200 ohms
VRD Turn ON Time
Less than 0.3 seconds
Table 5-3: VRD Periodic Tests
E. General Maintenance Checks
Welding equipment should be regularly checked by an accredited Cigweld Service Provider to ensure
that:
1. Flexible cord is of the multi-core tough rubber or plastic sheathed type of adequate rating, correctly
connected and in good condition.
2. Welding terminals are in suitable condition and are shrouded to prevent inadvertent contact or short
circuit.
3. The Welding System is clean internally, especially from metal filing, slag, and loose material.
Manual 0-5281 5-3
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
TRANSARC 170i
F.Accessories
Accessory equipment, including output leads, electrode holders, torches, wire feeders and the like shall be
inspected at least monthly by a competent person to ensure that the equipment is in a safe and serviceable
condition. All unsafe accessories shall not be used.
G.Repairs
If any parts are damaged for any reason, it is recommended that replacement be performed by an accredited Cigweld Service Provider.
Power Source Calibration
A.Schedule
Output testing of all Cigweld Inverter Power Sources and applicable accessories shall be conducted at
regular intervals to ensure they fall within specified levels. Calibration intervals shall be as outlined below 1. For transportable equipment, at least once every 3 months; and
2. For fixed equipment, at least once every 12 months.
If equipment is to be used in a hazardous location or environments with a high risk of electrocution as
outlined in AS 1674.2 - 2007, then the above tests should be carried out prior to entering this location.
B. Calibration Requirements
Where applicable, the tests outlined in Table 6-3 below shall be conducted by an accredited CIGWELD
service agent.
Testing Requirements
Output current (A) to be checked to ensure it falls within applicable Cigweld power source specifications
Output Voltage (V) to be checked to ensure it falls within applicable Cigweld power source specifications
Accuracy of digital meters to be checked to ensure it falls within applicable Cigweld power source specifications
Table 5-4: Calibration Parameters
Periodic calibration of other parameters such as timing functions are not required unless a specific fault
has been identified.
C. Calibration Equipment
All equipment used for Power Source calibration shall be in proper working condition and be suitable for
conducting the measurement in question. Only test equipment with valid calibration certificates (NATA
certified laboratories) shall be utilized.
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS 5-4
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
5.03 Cleaning the Welding Power Source
!
WARNING
There are dangerous voltage and power levels present inside this product. Do not attempt to open
or repair unless you are a qualified electrical tradesperson. Disconnect the Welding Power Source
from the Mains Supply Voltage before disassembling.
To clean the Welding Power Source, open the enclosure and use a vacuum cleaner to remove any accumulated
dirt, metal filings, slag and loose material.
5.04 Factory Reset Procedure
To perform a Factory Reset, press the Trigger Mode Button while turning on the mains power.
Figure 5-1
Manual 0-5281 5-5
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
TRANSARC 170i
POWER SOURCE PROBLEMS AND ROUTINE SERVICE REQUIREMENTS 5-6
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
SECTION 6:
KEY SPARE PARTS
6.01 Power Source
A-11727
A-11728
Figure 6-1
Manual 0-5281 6-1
KEY SPARE PARTS
TRANSARC 170i
TRANSARC 170i POWER SOURCE SPARE PARTS
ITEM
1
2
3
4
5
PART NUMBER
W7005800
W7005801
W7005803
W7005805
W7004909
6
W7005811
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
W7005812
W7005814
W7004908
W7005605
W7005813
W7004913
W7005806
W7003010
704461
DESCRIPTION
PCB Power
PCB Control
PCB Front Panel (Display) 170i
Knob Control
Dinse Socket 50mm2
Control Socket 8 pin (Note that 8 pin control plug is part number
UOA706900)
Shielding Gas Outlet 5/8-18
CT Output
Shielding Gas Solenoid Valve Assembly
Shielding Gas Inlet Quick Connect
Input Supply On/Off Switch
Shielding Gas Hose Assembly (not supplied)
Fan Assembly
Input Rectifier (Shown mounted to PCB Power, item 1)
Dinse Plug Male 50mm2 (not shown)
Table 6-1
6.02 TIG Torch W4014604 (where supplied)
TIG Torch W4014604 spare parts diagram
A-11669
Figure 6-2
TIG TORCH SPARE PARTS
ITEM
PART NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
W7005900
Trigger assembly for 26F torch
2
W7005901
Handle assembly for 26F torch
3
W7005902
Dinse 50mm for 26F torch
4
W7005903
Flex head for 26F torch
5
BGSAK2
Tig accessory Kit
6
UOA706900
Cable Plug 8 pin
7
BG57Y02/R
Back Cap (Long)
Table 6-2
KEY SPARE PARTS
6-2
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
6.03 Stick Electrode Holder with Trigger Switch 646761(where supplied)
Stick Electrode Holder with Trigger Switch 646761 spare parts diagram
A-11710
Figure 6-3
ELECTRODE HOLDER SPARE PARTS
ITEM
PART NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
W7006000
Rubber boot for electrode holder switch
2
W7006001
Push Button Switch for electrode holder
3
W7006002
Dinse 50mm² for electrode holder
4
646162
400A electrode holder handle assembly
5
UOA706900
Cable Plug 8 pin
Table 6-3
Note
The Welding cable with integrated control wires is not available as a separate spare part.
Manual 0-5281 6-3
KEY SPARE PARTS
TRANSARC 170i
KEY SPARE PARTS
6-4
Manual 0-5281
TRANSARC 170i
APPENDIX: TRANSARC 170i CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
A
N
E
SW1
POSITIVE
EMC
FILTER
NEGATIVE
24VDC FAN
SOLENOID
ACTIVE
CY1
J1
R2
4R 50W
POSITIVE
INPUT
RECTIFIER
L4
V7
R39
GUN OUT
V8
JC
GUN
R56
DY1
PFC
NEGATIVE
DY2
DY
NEUTRAL
IN
SOURCE
MAIN CONTROL BOARD
DRIVE
FJ
TH1
C20
C21
C17
C19
FILTER
IFB
C23
C22
C25
C24
Q1
Q2
GUN IN
CT1
8 PIN REMOTE
TORCH TRIGGER
DISPLAY BOARD
T1
R100, 102
T14
T18
C100
C101
HF 220V
R101, 103
NEUTRAL
ACTIVE
COUT1
COUT2
CT2
HALL
EFFECT
L1
POSITIVE
NEGATIVE
WELDING TERMINALS
APPENDIX
A-1
QF
OT1
HF
OT2
Manual 0-5281 WELD NEGATIVE
WELD POSITIVE
WV
MB
J12
A-11729
TRANSARC 170i
APPENDIX
A-2
Manual 0-5281
CIGWELD - LIMITED WARRANTY TERMS
LIMITED WARRANTY: CIGWELD Pty Ltd, A Victor Technologies Company, hereafter, “CIGWELD” warrants to
customers of its authorized distributors hereafter “Purchaser” that its products will be free of defects in workmanship or material. Should any failure to conform to this warranty appear within the time period applicable to
the CIGWELD products as stated below, CIGWELD shall, upon notification thereof and substantiation that the
product has been stored, installed, operated, and maintained in accordance with CIGWELD’s specifications,
instructions, recommendations and recognized standard industry practice, and not subject to misuse, repair,
neglect, alteration, or accident, correct such defects by suitable repair or replacement, at CIGWELD’s sole
option, of any components or parts of the product determined by CIGWELD to be defective.
CIGWELD MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. THIS WARRANTY IS EXCLUSIVE AND
IN LIEU OF ALL OTHERS, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: CIGWELD SHALL NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE LIABLE FOR SPECIAL,
INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SUCH AS, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOST PROFITS AND BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION. The remedies of the Purchaser set forth herein are exclusive and the liability of CIGWELD
with respect to any contract, or anything done in connection therewith such as the performance or breach
thereof, or from the manufacture, sale, delivery, resale, or use of any goods covered by or furnished by CIGWELD whether arising out of contract, negligence, strict tort, or under any warranty, or otherwise, shall not,
except as expressly provided herein, exceed the price of the goods upon which such liability is based. No
employee, agent, or representative of CIGWELD is authorized to change this warranty in any way or grant any
other warranty.
PURCHASER’S RIGHTS UNDER THIS WARRANTY ARE VOID IF REPLACEMENT PARTS OR ACCESSORIES
ARE USED WHICH IN CIGWELD’S SOLE JUDGEMENT MAY IMPAIR THE SAFETY OR PERFORMANCE OF ANY
CIGWELD PRODUCT. PURCHASER’S RIGHTS UNDER THIS WARRANTY ARE VOID IF THE PRODUCT IS SOLD
TO PURCHASER BY NON-AUTHORIZED PERSONS.
The warranty is effective for the time stated below beginning on the date that the authorized distributor delivers
the products to the Purchaser. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall the warranty period extend
more than the time stated plus one year from the date CIGWELD delivered the product to the authorized
distributor.
TERMS OF WARRANTY – January 2013
1. The Trade Practices Act 1974 (Commonwealth) and similar State Territory legislation relating to the supply
of goods and services, protects consumers’ interests by ensuring that consumers are entitled in certain
situations to the benefit of various conditions, warranties, guarantees, rights and remedies (including warranties as to merchantability and fitness for purpose) associated with the supply of goods and services.
A consumer should seek legal advice as to the nature and extent of these protected interests. In some
circumstances, the supplier of goods and services may legally stipulate that the said conditions, warranties, guarantees, rights and remedies are limited or entirely excluded. The warranties set out in Clause 2
shall be additional to any nonexcludable warranties to which the Customer may be entitled pursuant to any
statute.
2. Subject to Clause 3. CIGWELD gives the following warranties to the Customer:
Insofar as they are manufactured or imported by CIGWELD, goods will upon delivery be of merchantable
quality and reasonably fit for the purpose for which they are supplied by CIGWELD.
CIGWELD will repair or, at its option, replace those of the goods which, upon examination, are found by
CIGWELD to be defective in workmanship and/or materials.
CIGWELD reserves the right to request documented evidence of date of purchase.
3. The Warranty in Clause 2;
Is conditional upon:
The Customer notifying CIGWELD or our Accredited Distributor in writing of its claim within seven (7) days
of becoming aware of the basis thereof, and at its own expense returning the goods which are the subject
of the claim to CIGWELD or nominated Accredited Distributor/Accredited Service Provider. The goods being
used in accordance with the Manufacturer’s Operating Manuals, and under competent supervision.
Does not apply to:
Obsolete goods sold at auction, second-hand goods and prototype goods.
Breakdown or malfunction caused by accident, misuse or normal wear and tear.
Repairs or replacement made other than by CIGWELD or Accredited Service Providers, unless by prior
arrangement with CIGWELD.
Replacement parts or accessories which may affect product safety or performance and which are not
manufactured, distributed or approved by CIGWELD.
4. CIGWELD declares that, to the extent permitted by law, it hereby limits its liability in respect of the supply of
goods which are not of a kind ordinarily acquired for personal, domestic or household use or consumption
to any one or more of the following (the choice of which shall be at the option of CIGWELD).
The replacement of the goods or the supply of equivalent goods.
The repair of goods.
The payment of cost of replacing the goods or acquiring equivalent goods.
The payment of the cost of having goods repaired.
5. Except as provided in Clauses 2 to 4 above, to the extent permitted by statute, CIGWELD hereby excludes
all liability for any loss, damage, death or injury of any kind whatsoever occasioned to the Customer in
respect of the supply of goods including direct, indirect, consequential or incidental loss, damage or injury
of any kind.
WARRANTY SCHEDULE – January 2013
These warranty periods relate to the warranty conditions in clause 2. All warranty periods are from date of
sale from the Accredited Distributor of the equipment. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall the
warranty period extend more than the time stated plus one year from the date CIGWELD delivered the product
to the Accredited Distributor. Unless otherwise stated the warranty period includes parts and labour. CIGWELD
reserves the right to request documented evidence of date of purchase.
TRANSARC 170i POWER SOURCE
Original main power magnetics.
Original main power rectifiers, printed circuit boards and power switch
semiconductors.
All other circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays, switches,
contactors, solenoids, fans and electric motors.
ACCESSORIES
TIG torch, electrode holder lead and work lead.
TIG torch consumable items.
Gas regulator/flowmeter (excluding seat assembly, pressure gauges, elastomer
seals and “O” rings).
Regulator seat assemblies and pressure gauges.
Elastomer seals and “O” rings used in the equipment.
WARRANTY PERIOD
PARTS
LABOUR
1 Year
1 Year
3 Year
2 Year
2 Year
2 Year
WARRANTY PERIOD
3 Months
NIL
1 Year
6 Months
3 Months
Please note that the information detailed in this statement supersedes any prior published data produced by
CIGWELD.
Australia Terms of Warranty – 2013
Effective 1st January 2012, all warranties against defects (also known as a manufacturer’s warranty) supplied with goods or services must comply with the new Australian consumer law regulations (2010).
This Warranty Statement should be read in conjunction with the Warranty Schedule contained in
the operating instructions of the product. This schedule contains the warranty period applicable to
the product
Any claim under this warranty must be made within the warranty period which commences on the
date of purchase of the product. To make a claim under the warranty, take the product (with proof
of purchase from a Cigweld Accredited Seller) to the store where you purchased the product or
contact Cigweld Customer Care 1300 654 674 for advice on your nearest Service Provider.
All costs associated with lodging the warranty claim including the return of goods to Cigweld or
our Nominated Accredited Distributor/Accredited Service Provider are the responsibility of the
consumer.
This warranty is given.
Cigweld Pty Ltd
A.B.N. 56007226815
71 Gower Street, Preston
Victoria, Australia, 3072
Phone: 1300 654 674
Email: enquiries@cigweld.com.au
Website: www.cigweld.com.au
This warranty is provided in addition to other rights and remedies you have under law: Our goods
come with guarantees which cannot be excluded under the Australian Consumer Law. You are
entitled to replacement or refund for a major failure and to compensation for other reasonably
foreseeable loss or damage. You are also entitled to have the goods repaired or replaced if the
goods fail to be of acceptable quality and the failure does not amount to a major failure.
Failures due to incorrect use are not covered by this warranty and consumers are reminded to
only use the product in accordance with the Operating Instruction supplied with the product. Additional copies of Operating Instructions are available from Cigweld Customer Care 1300 654 674
or the Website.
GLOBAL CUSTOMER SERVICE CONTACT INFORMATION
CIGWELD, Australia
71 Gower Street
Preston, Victoria
Australia, 3072
Telephone: 61-3-9474-7400
Fax: 61-3-9474-7391
Email: enquiries@cigweld.com.au
Victor Technologies USA
2800 Airport Road
Denton, Tx 76207 USA
Telephone: (940) 566-2000
800-426-1888
Fax: 800-535-0557
Email: sales@thermalarc.com
Victor Technologies Canada
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-1111
Fax: 905-827-3648
Victor Technologies Europe
Europe Building
Chorley North Industrial Park
Chorley, Lancashire
England, PR6 7Bx
Telephone: 44-1257-261755
Fax: 44-1257-224800
PT. Victor Technologies Utama Indonesia
Jl. Angsana II Blok AE No. 28
Delta Silicon I, Cikarang - Sukaresmi
Bekasi, 17550
Indonesia
Tel: +62 21 8990 6095
Fax: +62 21 8990 6096 / 1867
http://www.Victortechnologies.com
Victor Technologies, China
No 100 Lao Hongjing Rd
Minhang District
Shanghai, PR, 200235
Telephone: 86-21-64072626
Fax: 86-21-64483032
Victor Technologies Asia Sdn Bhd
Lot 151, Jalan Industri 3/5A
Rawang Integrated Industrial Park - Jln Batu Arang
48000 Rawang Selangor Darul Ehsan
West Malaysia
Telephone: 603+ 6092 2988
Fax : 603+ 6092 1085
Victor Technologies Italy
OCIM, S.r.L.
Via Benaco, 3
20098 S. Giuliano
Milan, Italy
Tel: (39) 02-98 80320
Fax: (39) 02-98 281773
Victor Technologies International
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-9777
Fax: 905-827-9797
Asia Pacific Regional Headquarters
71 Gower Street
Preston, Victoria, Australia, 3072
Telephone: +61 3 9474 7400
+61 3 9474 7391
FAX:
Email: enquiries@cigweld.com.au
www.cigweld.com.au