Polk Audio PA D4000.4 Owner`s manual

PA
D4000.4
4-CHANNEL
AM P L I F I E R
SUB
INT
UB
LEVEL
SOURCE
INPUT
FL
SUB
INPUT
38Hz
SUB
INT
SUB
40Hz 220Hz
REMOTE LEVEL CONTROL
SUB
SONIC
LEVEL
LPF
INPUT
FL
PA D5000.5
HPF
End Panel Layouts
PA
4a D4000.4
5a Line Level Inputs/Controls
9a 10a 11
3
12
4a
1
5a
9a
10a 11
2
3
4
RR
FL
FR
1
2
3
FL
RR
4
5
FR
FREQ x 10
FREQ x 10
4CH
ST
FULL
HPF
BPF
L LPF
HPF
LEVEL
X-OVER
6V 200mV 20Hz 400Hz 50Hz 500Hz
REAR
LEVEL
HPF
LPF
50Hz 500Hz 20Hz 400Hz 6V 200mV
FRONT
R
FREQ x 1
FREQ x 1
FREQ x 10
FREQ x 10
CHANNEL
MODE
FULL
HPF
BPF
7
8
9b
ST
FULL
HPF
BPF
LPF
HPF
PA D4000.4
LEVEL
R
6V 200mV 20Hz 400Hz 50Hz 500Hz
REAR
6
4CH
PA D4000.4L
50Hz 500Hz 20Hz 400Hz 6V 200mV
FRONT
CHANNEL
MODE
10b
4b
5b
6
7
8
9b
10b
1. Status LEDs (on top of amplifier): Power and Protection—Power will illuminate to indicate
the amplifier is on and operating normally; protection will illuminate if the amplifier shuts down
due to short circuit, DC offset, or overheating detected by onboard protection circuitry.
Rear Controls
2.Rear
line6 level input
3a
3b Line
4a Level
4b Inputs—accepts
5
7 from the rear channels of a head unit.
3. Rear Level Control—Adjusts the gain of the rear channels to match the output voltage
2
3a 3b
4a
4b
5
6
7
from your head unit.
4. (a) Rear High-Pass Frequency Button—When
INPUT
OUTPUT FREQ x 10 is engaged, the crossover’s
range increases
to 200Hz - 4kHz.
LPF
HPF
L
L
INPUT
OUTPUT
X-OVER
X-OVER
(b)Rear HPF
Control—Adjusts the high pass filter frequency to attenuate frequencies
PA
D2000.2
FREQ x 1
FREQ
x
1
LPF
HPF
HPF
L
L
LPF below the setting
on the LEVEL
control. X-OVER
X-OVER
BPF
1
R FREQ x 1
R
FREQ
x1
5. (a)Rear Low-Pass Frequency
Button—When
FREQ
x
10
the
crossover’s
LPF
HPF is engaged,
LEVEL
HPF
FULL6V BPF
50Hz 500Hz
20Hz 400Hz
200mV
FREQ x 10
FREQ x 10
range
increases to 500Hz - 5kHz.
R
R
50Hz 500Hz
20Hz 400Hz
6V 200mV
(b)Rear LPF Control—Adjusts theFREQlow
pass
filter
frequency
to attenuate
frequencies
x 10
FREQ x 10
above the setting on the control.
6.Rear BPF, FULL, HPF Switch— Selects full range, high pass filter, or band-pass filter. The BPF setting
allows you to use both the high pass filter and low pass filter, and it is for use with mid-range drivers.
The FULL setting does not attenuate any frequencies and is for full range speaker systems. The HPF
setting attenuates low frequencies and is used with mid-range speakers and tweeters.
7. Channel Mode Switch (ST/4Ch)—Set the switch to 4CH if you are using four channel outputs from your head
unit to the FL, FR, RL, RR inputs on the amplifier. Set the switch to ST (stereo) mode if you are using two channel
2 3outputs 4from your 5head unit.6 In the ST 7position,8 the amplifier will take the signal input to the FL and FR inputs
and send the same signals also to the RL and RR amplifier channels.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8. Front BPF, FULL, HPF Switch—Selects full range, high pass filter, or band-pass filter. The BPF
setting allows you to use both the high pass filter and low pass filter, and it is for use with mid-range
drivers. The FULL setting does not attenuate any frequencies and is for full range speaker systems.
The HPF setting attenuates low frequencies and is used with mid-range speakers andPA
tweeters.
D1000.1
GND
REM
FL
RR
FR
FRONT
FULL
HPF
BPF
RL
L
X-OVER
REAR
FREQ x 1
R
5b
FR
X-OVER
FREQ x 1
1
4b
FL
FRONT
LPF
RR
5
12
REAR
X-OVER
RL
9. (a)Front Low-Pass Frequency Button—When FREQ x 10 is engaged, the crossover’s
range increases to 500Hz - 5kHz.
GND
REM
12V
(b)Front
LPF Control—Adjusts
the low pass filter frequency to attenuate frequencies
PA
D5000.5
40A
SUB
RL
RR
FL
FR
above the setting on40Athe control.
GND
REM
12V
10 (a)Front High-Pass Frequency Button—When FREQ x 10 is engaged,
40A
40Athe crossover’s
SUB
RL
range increases to 200Hz - 4kHz.
(b)Front HPF Control— Adjusts the high pass filter frequency to attenuate frequencies
below the setting on the control.
11. Front Level Control—Adjusts the gain of the front channels to match the output voltage
from your head unit.
12. Front Line Level Inputs—Accepts line level input from the front channels of a head unit.
RL
HPF
FR
FL
PA D4000.4 Power Inputs/Speaker Outputs
2
LEVEL
RR
SUB
RL
SOURCE
Listed next are
the FRONT
majority of the tools
required to perform an installation. Having the proper tools will make
HPF
CHANNEL
FULL BPF
1
MODE 6V 200mV 20Hz 38Hz
40Hz 220Hz
SUB 1
the installation that much easier.
REAR
FRONT
HPF
40Hz 4000Hz 6V 200mV
80Hz 4000Hz 40Hz 400Hz 6V 200mV
CHANNEL
FULL HPF
FULL BPF
FR
RR
LPF
HPF
LEVEL
HPF
LEVEL
MODE and a crimping tool
4CH
ST
• Phillips head screwdriver
• Solderless, crimp-on connectors
40Hz 4000Hz 6V 200mV
80Hz 4000Hz 40Hz 400Hz 6V 200mV
FR
RR
• Electric drill and 3/16" and
1/8"
drill
bits
•
Safety
glasses
SUB 2
LPF
HPF
LEVEL 4CH
HPF
LEVEL
ST
• DMM or VOM
9 10• Permanent
11
12 ink marker
13 14or pencil
15 16
• Safety glasses
9 10 •
11Nylon12tie straps
13 14 15 16
• Wire strippers and cutters
• Wire crimper
• Electrical tape
• Grommets for passing wires through metal car walls
• Amplifier Power Wire
3
RL
RL
LPF
TOOLS OF THE TRADE
6V 200mV 20Hz
REAR
FULL
REMOTE LEVEL CONTROL
SUB
SONIC
12V
40A
35A
RL
GND
FL
RR
REM
12V
FR
40A
35A
RL
FL
RR
FR
1.GND (Ground)—Connect this terminal directly to the metal chassis of the vehicle, using the shortest
wire necessary to make this connection. Always use wire of the same gauge or larger than the +12V power
wire. The chassis connection point should be scraped free of paint and dirt. Use only quality crimped and/or
soldered connectors at both ends of this wire. DO NOT connect this terminal directly to the vehicle battery
ground terminal or any other factory ground points.
2.REM (Remote Turn On)—This terminal turns on the amplifier when +12V is applied to it.
Connect it to the remote turn on lead of the head unit.
3. +12V Power—Connect this terminal through a FUSE or CIRCUIT BREAKER to the positive terminal
of the vehicle battery or the positive terminal of an isolated audio system battery.
WARNING:
1
2 Always
3 protect 4this power wire by installing5 a fuse or circuit breaker of the appropriate
size within 12" of the battery terminal connection.
1
2
3
4
5
4.Fuse—These fuses (40A & 35A) protect the amplifier against internal electrical damage and are meant
to protect only the amplifier. All other power connections
should be fused at the power source.
BRIDGED
5. Speaker Output—Connect the speakers here
BRIDGED
6. Terminal Adaptor—The adaptor enables the use of cable up to 0000AWG
REM
12V +12V connections (see illustration below).
forGNDthe ground
and
PA D2000.2
25A
25A
L
GND
L
REM
R
12V
R
25A
25A
L
L
R
6.Terminal Adaptor
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
R
GND
REM
12V
Amplifier Wiring
L
L
R
R
25A
25A
L
L
R
Amplifier Installation
R
Power Connections
• PA D4000.4 Fuse Size: 2 x 40 AMP ATC
• Power connections accept up to 4 AWG wire.
• 4 AWG power and ground wire recommended for optimal performance.
• Connect +12V to the battery through fuse holder. This connection provides
+12V main power to the amplifier.
4Ω
minbe fused within 12" of the battery.
2Ω min
• Power wire
must
• Ground the amplifier using a good chassis ground as close as possible to the amplifier.
2Ω min
• Connect REM terminal to remote turn-on lead from the head unit. This connection
provides +12V power to turn-on the amplifier.
• Add extra ground wire between the negative terminal of the battery and the chassis.
Mounting Locations
The location of your amplifier will depend on several important issues. Due to the low profile and compact
size of the Polk Audio PA D Series amplifier, there are many possible installation locations that will yield satisfactory
amplifier performance. Always mount the amplifier in a place that protects the amplifier from the elements.
In addition, mount the amplifier on a stable, flat surface.
NOTE: Mounting amplifiers upside down is not recommended and may cause premature thermal shutdown.
WARNING! Do not mount any amplifier in the engine compartment. Amplifiers are not designed
to endure the harsh environment of an engine compartment.
Passenger Compartment
If you are going to mount the amplifier in the passenger compartment, make sure you have adequate room
for ventilation. When mounting your amplifier under a seat or similar area, keep a minimum of 1" of clearance
around the amplifier for adequate cooling.
4000.4
Speaker Wiring Diagram PA D4000.4
FL
RL
RR
FL
FR
REM REM
RR
FL
FR
RL
RR
FL
FR
REAR
REAR
GND GND
RL
FRONT
RR
FRONT
RL
12V 12V
40A 40A 35A
FR
Trunk Compartment
Mounting your amplifier in the trunk provides excellent performance as long as you do not restrict the airflow
around the heatsink of the amplifier. For optimal results, mount the amplifier with as much clearance as possible.
This type of mounting will yield the best cooling due to the convection effect of the amplifier chassis.
INSTALLATION GUIDELINES
2Ω min
2Ω min
4Ω min/bridged
2Ω min
2Ω min
2Ω min
Internal Bridging
Terminals that can be used in bridging mode are identified
by the black and outlined boxes next to each terminal.
The two black boxes and the two outlined boxes work
together to create an internally bridged hookup.
RL
RR
FL
FR
RL
RR
FL
FR
REAR
FRONT
Bridging
The amplifier is capable of bridging two full range channels
into a single full range channel with higher output power.
For instance, one Front and one Rear channel when wired as
shown will increase the output power
125W
channel
GND GNDfrom
REM REM
12V per
12V
to 400W per channel (for a 4 Ohm load). The most common
40A 40A 35A
are shown in the figure: four full range channels, two full
range channels and a bridged sub, or two bridged subwoofers.
2Ω min
4Ω min/bridged
4Ω min/bridged
Power for systems with a single amplifier can be supplied by most automotive electrical systems. Systems with multiple
amplifiers may require a higher capacity battery, alternator or the use of a storage capacitor. Polk Audio PA D Series
amplifiers do generate a certain amount of heat as part of normal operation. Be sure the area around the amplifier
is unobstructed to allow adequate air circulation. Remember, beach blankets, last week’s laundry, school books
and homework papers placed on top of the amplifier impede air flow and may cause damage.
1.
Please read this owner’s manual carefully before installing your amplifier.
2.
Disconnect the battery ground terminal prior to making any electrical connections.
3.
Check for any hazards or obstructions such as gas tanks, fuel or brake lines, and wiring harnesses
before mounting the amplifier.
4.
Pick a mounting location that will provide adequate access and ventilation and protect the amplifier
from heat, moisture, and dirt.
5.
Avoid sharp metal areas when routing cables to the amplifier, and run RCA cables away
from the power cables and other potentially noisy car harnesses.
6. The amplifier should be grounded with a short, heavy gauge wire connected directly to the car
at a bare metal surface, preferably scraped body metal. Do not use factory ground locations,
seat bolts, or brackets that are spot welded.
7. Always fuse your power connection within 12 inches of the battery terminal. Use a fuse or circuit breaker
rated slightly more than the on-board fuse(s) of the amplifier(s). The gauge of power wire used should take
into account the total current draw of the system, and the length of wire used. IASCA and other auto sound
competition organizations have charts available for this; you can also find a chart in the MECP study guide.
Minimum wire gauge recommendations for the individual amplifiers are listed on the specification page.
Always use the same gauge wire for the amplifier ground that you use for the power wire. Be sure
to examine the battery ground cable of the vehicle, and if necessary, upgrade it by adding an additional
ground wire that is the same gauge as the amplifier’s power wire. Remember, the amplifier can only
deliver its rated output when it is not current limited by the power and ground supply wires.
8.
This amplifier is designed to drive a speaker load that measures from 2 to 8 Ohms for full range channels
and 4 Ohm minimum for bridged channels. Keep in mind that heat is the long-term enemy of automotive
electronics and the lower your speaker load, the more heat is generated. For low-impedance speaker
applications or restricted ventilation installations, an external cooling fan may be advisable.
9. Battery and ground connections to the vehicle should be made with crimped ring terminals of the appropriate
size (surface area is what counts;) soldering the terminals after crimping is also recommended.
10. Due to the high-frequency MOSFET switching power supply, filtering the power cable is not generally required
(remember that the amp can’t deliver full output if the power supply is restricted.) Proper grounding of the
signal source is mandatory for the amplifier to reach its performance peak. If the RCA inputs are not grounded
adequately via the signal source, electrical noise from the vehicle may be picked up in the system.
Step By Step Installation
1. Determine the location for the amplifier. Refer to the Mounting Locations section of this guide.
2. Decide on the system configuration for your amplifier. For system suggestions, refer to the Speaker
Wiring Diagrams section of this guide.
3. Run all the wires from the amplifier location to the speakers, source unit, and battery. Do not connect
the battery at this time. Be sure to run Line levels and power and speaker wires away from factory
electrical wires and system as they pose a great potential for induced system noise.
4. Pre-drill amplifier mounting holes. Be sure to “think before you drill.“ Gas tanks, fuel lines, and other
obstructions have a nasty way of hiding themselves. For best results use a marking pen to mark the
mounting holes and pre-drill these holes with a standard 1/8" drill bit.
5. Mount the amplifier. Make sure the amplifier is mounted on a flat surface. If this is not possible,
do not over tighten the screws so that the chassis of the amplifier is twisted or bent.
6.
Turn the vehicle’s key switch to the off position.
7.
Disconnect the vehicle’s battery ground terminal.
8.
Connect power wires to the amplifier (ground first, then +12V and REM).
9.
Connect the line level and speaker wires to the amplifier. Check the quality of your speakers
and signal connections. This will determine the ultimate performance of your Polk Audio
PA D Series amplifier. Refer to the Line Level Inputs/Controls and Speaker Wiring Diagrams
sections of this guide for correct wiring instructions.
10.Reconnect the ground terminal to the battery after power, speaker, and line level connections are completed.
11. Set crossovers. Refer to the Line Level Inputs/Controls section of this manual for detailed instructions.
12. Once satisfied that all connections and settings are correct, install the fuse located near the vehicle’s battery
and proceed to the Testing the System section of this manual.
WARNING! Never exceed the recommended fuse size of this amplifier. Failure to do so will result
in the voiding of your warranty and possible damage to the amplifier.
SET UP AND TROUBLESHOOTING
Testing the System
After you have completed the installation, you need to test the system. This will help ensure years of trouble-free
operation. Please refer to the listed steps below when testing the sound of your Polk Audio PA D Series amplifier.
1.
Check all the wiring connections to be sure they are correct and secure.
2.
Turn the signal source volume control all the way down. Set any tone controls
to their flat or defeated positions. This includes the loudness control.
3. Turn the level controls of the amplifier to their minimum positions.
4.
Turn the head unit on. Check to see if the power LED located on the connection side of the amplifier
is on. If not, please refer to the Power Inputs/Speaker Outputs and the Troubleshooting Tips sections
of this manual for instructions.
5.
If using an aftermarket head unit, turn the level controls of the amplifier about one quarter of a turn
counterclockwise. Slowly increase the volume level of the head unit so that you can hear the output
of the system. If no sound is heard or if the output is distorted, turn the system off immediately. Refer
to the Power Inputs/Speaker Outputs and the Troubleshooting Tips sections of this manual to solve
your installation problems.
6.
Check to make sure the output for each channel is correct. If the active crossovers are used, check
to make sure that each output is correct from the amplifier. When using active crossovers on midrange
and tweeters, do not use crossover frequencies lower than recommended. If the system is not configured
properly, refer to the Line Level Inputs/Controls section of this manual and take corrective action.
7.
If the output is clear and undistorted, continue to the Adjusting the Sound of the System section of this manual.
Adjusting the Sound of the System
Once you have checked the system’s operation, adjust the sound of the system. Adjusting the sound
of the system is accomplished by setting the level controls and adjusting the internal crossovers
1.
Turn the signal source volume control all the way down. Set any tone controls
to their flat or defeated positions. This includes the loudness control.
2.
Turn the level controls of the amplifier to their minimum positions.
3.
Choose music with high dynamic content that you like, with which
you are familiar, and will be used most often in the system.
4.
Turn the head unit’s volume control up to its highest undistorted output level. If you lack
test equipment, this point occurs between 3/4 to full volume depending on the quality
of your head unit. Listen for any audible distortion. If any distortion is audible, reduce
the volume of the head unit until you have an undistorted output. Leave the volume
control at this position during your system tuning.
5.
While listening to your chosen dynamic music, turn up the level control corresponding
to the midrange output until you hear slight distortion and turn the level control back slightly
for an undistorted output. Depending on your system, the midrange and tweeter output may
be on the same output channels.
6.
Turn up the level control corresponding to the tweeter output until you hear slight distortion
and turn back the level control slightly for an undistorted output. Depending on your system
the midrange and tweeter output may be on the same output channels.
7.
Fine-tune the output level between midrange and tweeters. Refer to the Line Level
Inputs/Controls section of this manual for detailed instructions.
8.
Repeat Steps 5-7 for the rear speakers. If you do not have rear speakers continue to Step 10.
9.
Set levels between the front and rear midrange and tweeters for optimum front/rear balance.
10.Turn up the level control corresponding to the woofer output until you hear slight distortion
and turn back the level control slightly for an undistorted output.
11.Fine-tune the output level between satellite speakers and the woofers. Refer to the Line Level
Inputs/Controls section of this manual for controls. Adjust the level to the bass output of the
woofer to match the sonic requirements of the system.
12.Enjoy your awesome Polk Audio PA D Series amplifier.
Troubleshooting Tips
Symptom
Probable Cause
Action To Take
Low or no remote turn-on.
Check remote turn-on at amplifier and repair as needed.
Fuse blown.
Check power wire’s integrity and check for
speaker shorts. Fix as needed and replace fuse.
Power wires not connected.
Check power wire and ground connections
and repair or replace as needed.
Audio input not connected.
Check line level connections and repair
or replace as needed.
Speaker wires not connected.
Check speaker wires and repair or replace as needed.
Speakers are blown.
Check system with known working speaker
and repair or replace speakers as needed.
No output
Troubleshooting Tips
Symptom
Probable Cause
Specifications
Action To Take
Audio cycles on and off
Thermal protection engages when
amplifier heat sink temperature
exceeds 85° C (185° F).
Make sure there is proper ventilation for
amplifier and improve ventilation as needed.
Loose or poor audio input.
Check line level connections and repair
or replace as needed.
Loose power connections.
Check power wires and ground connections
and repair or replace as needed.
Distorted output
Amplifier level sensitivity set
too high exceeding maximum
capability of amplifier.
Readjust gain. Refer to the Adjusting the Sound of the
System section of this manual.
Impedance load to amplifier too low.
Amplifier
PA D4000.4
Amplifier
PA D4000.4
Type
Bridgeable
Class D MOSFET
Filter Switch (Rear)
3-position
(HPF, Full, BPF)
Channels
4 channel
125 W x 4
High Pass Filter
Frequency Range (Rear)
20Hz - 4kHz
RMS Continuous Power
@ 4 Ohms
200 W x 4
Low Pass Filter
Frequency Range (Rear)
50Hz - 5kHz
RMS Continuous Power
@ 2 Ohms
Rear Gain Control
200mV - 6V
Power Bridged @ 4 Ohms
400 W x 2
Distortion at Rated Power
<0.1%
Line Level Inputs (y/n)
Yes
Minimum Impedance Bridged
4 Ohms
Line Level Outputs (y/n)
No
LED Power Indicator
Yes
2 Ohms
Check speaker impedance load if below (2 Ohms, 4 Ohms
min bridged); rewire speakers to create higher impedance.
Minimum Impedance
Not Bridged
LED Protection Indicator
Yes
Signal-to-noise Ratio
105dB
Supply Voltage
10V - 16V
Shorted speaker wires.
Check speaker wires and repair or replace as needed.
Frequency Response
20Hz-20kHz
Fusing & Power/Type
(1) 40A (1) 35A ATC
Speaker not connected
to amplifier properly.
Check speaker wires and repair or replace as needed.
Damping Factor
>100
Power Connections
4 AWG
Internal crossover not
set properly for speakers.
Readjust crossovers. Refer to the Line Level
Inputs/Controls section of this manual.
Crossover Filter Slope
(dB/octave)
12 dB/octave
Ground Connections
4 AWG
Speaker Connections
12 AWG
Speakers are blown.
Check system with known working speakers
and fix or replace as needed.
Filter Switch (Front)
3-position
(HPF, Full, BPF)
Height
1 13/16" (46 mm)
High Pass Filter
Frequency Range (Front)
20Hz - 4kHz
Low Pass Filter
Frequency Range (Front)
50Hz - 5kHz
Front Gain Control
200mV - 6V
Poor bass response
Speakers wired with wrong polarity
causing cancellation at low frequencies.
Check speaker polarity and fix as needed.
Crossover set incorrectly.
Reset crossovers. Refer to the Amplifier Settings section.
Impedance load at amplifier is too low.
Check speaker impedance load if below (2 Ohms, 4 Ohms
min bridged); rewire speakers to create higher impedance.
Depth
6 3/4" (171.5 mm)
Width
10 15/16" (277.8 mm)
Width w/ Terminal Adaptor
11 11/16" (296.9 mm)
Weight
5 lbs (2.7 kg)
Battery fuse blowing
Short in power wire or incorrect wiring.
Check power wires and ground connections
and repair or replace as needed.
Fuse used is smaller than recommended.
Replace with proper fuse size.
Actual current exceeds fuse rating.
Check speaker impedance load if below (2 Ohms, 4 Ohms
min bridged); rewire speakers to create higher impedance.
Amplifier fuse blowing
Fuse used is smaller than recommended.
Replace with proper fuse size.
Impedance load at amplifier is too low.
Check speaker impedance load if below (2 Ohms, 4 Ohms
min bridged); rewire speakers to create higher impedance.
Speaker is blown with shorted outputs.
Check system with known working speakers
and fix or replace as needed.
Actual current exceeds fuse rating.
Check speaker impedance load if below (2 Ohms, 4 Ohms
min bridged); rewire speakers to create higher impedance.
POLK AUDIO
CAR AMPLIFIERS