Renesas M306NKT-EPB User`s manual

M306NKT-EPB
Emulation Probe for M16C/6N Group M16C/6NK, 6NL, 6NM, 6NN, 6N4, 6N5
User’s Manual
Rev.1.00
July 16, 2004
REJ10J0519-0100Z
* IC61-1004-051 is a trademark of Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd.
* NQPACK, YQPACK, YQSOCKET, YQ-GUIDE, HQPACK, TQPACK and TQSOCKET are trademarks of Tokyo Eletech Corporation.
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appropriate measures such as (i) placement of substitutive, auxiliary circuits, (ii) use of nonflammable material or (iii) prevention
against any malfunction or mishap.
Notes regarding these materials
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Precautions to be taken when using this product
z This product is a development supporting unit for use in your program development and evaluation stages. In mass-producing your
program you have finished developing, be sure to make a judgment on your own risk that it can be put to practical use by performing
integration test, evaluation, or some experiment else.
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z For inquiries about the contents of this document or product, fill in the text file the installer of the emulator debugger generates in the
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\SUPPORT\Product-name\SUPPORT.TXT
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( 2 / 74 )
Preface
The M306NKT-EPB is an emulation probe for the M16C/6N Group M16C/6NK, M16C/6NL, M16C/6NM,
M16C/6NN, M16C/6N4, M16C/6N5 MCUs. The M306NKT-EPB is used by connecting to the PC7501 emulator main
unit.
This user's manual mainly describes specifications of the M306NKT-EPB emulation probe and how to setup it. For
details on the following products, which are used with the M306NKT-EPB, refer to each product's user's manual.
- Emulator:
PC7501 User's Manual
- Emulator debugger:
M3T-PD30F User's Manual
All the components of this product are shown in "Table 2.1 Package components" (page 20). If there is any question or
doubt about this product, contact your local distributor.
To Use This Product Properly
Precautions for Safety:
z In both this user's manual and on the product itself, several icons are used to insure proper handling of
this product and also to prevent injuries to you or other persons, or damage to your properties.
z The icons' graphic images and meanings are given in "Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety" (page 7). Be
sure to read this chapter before using the product.
( 3/ 74 )
Contents
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety ..................................................................................................................... 7
1.1 Safety Symbols and Meanings.................................................................................................. 8
WARNING ....................................................................................................................................... 9
Warning for Installation............................................................................................................. 9
Warning for Use Environment ..................................................................................................9
CAUTION....................................................................................................................................... 10
Caution to Be Taken for Modifying This Product ................................................................... 10
Cautions to Be Taken for Turning On the Power ................................................................... 10
Cautions to Be Taken for Handling This Product................................................................... 10
Caution to Be Taken for Malfunctions .................................................................................... 10
Caution to Be Taken for External Trigger Input Voltage ........................................................ 10
IMPORTANT.................................................................................................................................. 11
Notes on Downloading Firmware ........................................................................................... 11
Notes on Self-check ............................................................................................................... 11
Note on Quitting the Emulator Debugger ............................................................................... 11
Note on Final Evaluation ........................................................................................................ 11
Notes on Power Supply to the User System .......................................................................... 11
Note on Selecting an MCU File .............................................................................................. 11
Note on RESET* Input ........................................................................................................... 11
Note on NMI* Input................................................................................................................. 11
Note on RDY* Input................................................................................................................ 12
Note on HOLD* Input ............................................................................................................. 12
Notes on Maskable Interrupts ................................................................................................ 12
Note on Clock Supply to the MCU ......................................................................................... 12
Note on Access Prohibited Area ............................................................................................ 12
Notes on Stack Area .............................................................................................................. 12
Note on Reset Vector Area ....................................................................................................13
Note on Accessing Addresses 00000h and 00001h .............................................................. 13
Note on Stop and Wait Modes ............................................................................................... 13
Note on Display of MCU Status ............................................................................................. 13
Note on Breaks....................................................................................................................... 14
Notes on Address-Match Breaks ........................................................................................... 14
Notes on Address-Match Interrupts ....................................................................................... 14
Notes on Software Breaks...................................................................................................... 14
Note on Differences between the Actual MCU and Emulator ................................................ 15
Note on the Watchdog Function............................................................................................. 15
Note on DMA Transfer ........................................................................................................... 15
Note on Protect Register ........................................................................................................ 15
Notes on Pullup Control ......................................................................................................... 16
Note on Operating Frequency................................................................................................ 16
Notes on Internal Flash ROM of the MCU ............................................................................. 16
Note on Setting "1" to Protect Bit 2 (PRC2) in Division by 2 Mode........................................ 16
Note on Returning from Stop Mode with the On-chip Oscillator Clock .................................. 16
Notes on Debugging in CPU Rewrite Mode:.......................................................................... 17
Note on the Version of the M3T-PD30F................................................................................. 17
Chapter 2. Preparation .................................................................................................................................... 19
2.1 Package Components ............................................................................................................. 20
2.2 Other Tool Products Required for Development ..................................................................... 20
2.3 Name of Each Part .................................................................................................................. 21
2.3.1 System Configuration .................................................................................................... 21
2.3.2 Names and Functions of the PC7501 Upper Panel LEDs ............................................ 22
( 4 / 74 )
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety
2.4 When Using the Emulator for the First Time ........................................................................... 24
2.4.1 Downloading Firmware ................................................................................................. 24
2.4.2 Self-check...................................................................................................................... 24
Chapter 3. Setup.............................................................................................................................................. 25
3.1 Selecting Clock Supply............................................................................................................ 26
3.1.1 Clocks............................................................................................................................ 26
3.1.2 Using an Internal Oscillator Circuit Board ..................................................................... 26
3.1.3 Using the Oscillator Circuit on the User System ........................................................... 29
3.1.4 Using the Internal Generator Circuit.............................................................................. 30
3.2 A-D Conversion Bypass Capacitors ........................................................................................ 31
3.3 Pullup of Emulation Ports ........................................................................................................ 32
3.4 Connecting the PC7501 .......................................................................................................... 33
3.5 Connecting the User System (M16C/6N4, /6N5) .................................................................... 34
3.5.1 Connecting to a 100-pin LCC Socket............................................................................ 35
3.5.2 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 1)...................................... 36
3.5.3 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 2)...................................... 37
3.5.4 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 3)...................................... 38
3.6 Connecting the User System (M16C/6NK, /6NL, /6NM, /6NN) ............................................... 39
3.6.1 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 1)........................................ 40
3.6.2 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 2)........................................ 41
3.6.3 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 3)........................................ 42
3.6.4 Connecting to a 128-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern ..................................................... 43
Chapter 4. Usage............................................................................................................................................. 45
4.1 Turning On the Power ............................................................................................................. 46
4.1.1 Checking Connections of the Emulator System............................................................ 46
4.1.2 Turning ON/OFF the Power .......................................................................................... 46
4.1.3 Power Supply to the User System ................................................................................ 46
4.1.4 LED Display When the PC7501 Starts Up Normally..................................................... 47
4.2 Downloading Firmware............................................................................................................ 48
4.2.1 When It is Necessary to Download Firmware ............................................................... 48
4.2.2 Downloading Firmware in Maintenance Mode.............................................................. 48
4.3 Self-check ................................................................................................................................ 49
4.3.1 Self-check Procedure .................................................................................................... 49
4.3.2 If an Error is Detected in the Self-check........................................................................ 50
Chapter 5. Specifications................................................................................................................................. 51
5.1 Specifications .......................................................................................................................... 52
5.2 Operation Timing of Memory Expansion Mode and Microprocessor Mode (5 V) ................... 53
5.3 Connection Diagram................................................................................................................ 58
5.4 External Dimensions................................................................................................................ 60
5.4.1 External Dimensions of the Emulation Probe ............................................................... 60
5.4.2 External Dimensions of the Converter Board M30800T-PTC ....................................... 61
5.4.3 External Dimensions of the Converter Board M3T-F160-100NSD ............................... 62
5.4.4 External Dimensions of the Converter Board M3T-F160-128NRD............................... 62
Chapter 6. Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................. 63
6.1 Flowchart to Remedy the Troubles ......................................................................................... 64
6.2 When the Emulator Debugger Does Not Start Up Properly .................................................... 65
Chapter 7. Maintenance and Guarantee ......................................................................................................... 69
7.1 Maintenance ............................................................................................................................ 70
7.2 Guarantee................................................................................................................................ 70
7.3 Repair Provisions .................................................................................................................... 70
7.4 How to Request for Repair ...................................................................................................... 71
( 5 / 74 )
Terminology
Some specific words used in this user's manual are defined as follows:
PC7501 system
This means an emulator system built around the PC7501 emulator. The PC7501 emulator system is configured with an
emulator main unit PC7501, emulation probe M306NKT-EPB, emulator debugger M3T-PD30F and host machine.
Emulator main unit PC7501
This means an emulator for the M16C Family MCUs. You can configure your emulator system by changing emulation
probes according to your target MCU.
Emulation probe M306NKT-EPB
This means the emulation probe (this product) for the M16C/6N Group M16C/6NK, M16C/6NL, M16C/6NM,
M16C/6NN, M16C/6N4, M16C/6N5. It is used with the emulator main unit PC7501.
Emulator debugger M3T-PD30F
This means a software tool for the M16C/60 Series. You can control the emulator from a host machine through various
interfaces.
Firmware
This means a program stored in the flash ROM of the emulator main unit PC7501. It analyzes contents of
communication with the emulator debugger and controls the emulator PC7501. This program is downloadable from the
emulator debugger to upgrade firmware or to support other MCUs.
Host machine
This means a personal computer used to control the PC7501 emulator system.
Target MCU
This means the microcomputer you are going to debug.
User system
This means a user's application system using the microcomputer to be debugged.
User program
This means a user's application program to be debugged.
Evaluation MCU
This means a microcomputer mounted on the emulation probe which is operated in the special mode for the emulator.
*
In this user's manual, this symbol is used to show active LOW. (e.g. RESET*)
( 6 / 74 )
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety
This chapter describes precautions for using this product safely and properly. For precautions for the emulator main unit
and the emulator debugger, refer to each user's manual included with your product.
1.1 Safety Symbols and Meanings................................................................................................................... 8
WARNING .................................................................................................................................................. 9
Warning for Installation ....................................................................................................................... 9
Warning for Use Environment ............................................................................................................. 9
CAUTION ................................................................................................................................................. 10
Caution to Be Taken for Modifying This Product .............................................................................. 10
Cautions to Be Taken for Turning On the Power .............................................................................. 10
Cautions to Be Taken for Handling This Product.............................................................................. 10
Caution to Be Taken for Malfunctions............................................................................................... 10
Caution to Be Taken for External Trigger Input Voltage ................................................................... 10
IMPORTANT ............................................................................................................................................ 11
Notes on Downloading Firmware ...................................................................................................... 11
Notes on Self-check .......................................................................................................................... 11
Note on Quitting the Emulator Debugger.......................................................................................... 11
Note on Final Evaluation ................................................................................................................... 11
Notes on Power Supply to the User System.....................................................................................11
Note on Selecting an MCU File......................................................................................................... 11
Note on RESET* Input ...................................................................................................................... 11
Note on NMI* Input............................................................................................................................ 11
Note on RDY* Input........................................................................................................................... 12
Note on HOLD* Input ........................................................................................................................ 12
Notes on Maskable Interrupts ........................................................................................................... 12
Note on Clock Supply to the MCU .................................................................................................... 12
Note on Access Prohibited Area ....................................................................................................... 12
Notes on Stack Area ......................................................................................................................... 12
Note on Reset Vector Area ............................................................................................................... 13
Note on Accessing Addresses 00000h and 00001h ......................................................................... 13
Note on Stop and Wait Modes .......................................................................................................... 13
Note on Display of MCU Status ........................................................................................................ 13
Note on Breaks ................................................................................................................................. 14
Notes on Address-Match Breaks ...................................................................................................... 14
Notes on Address-Match Interrupts .................................................................................................. 14
Notes on Software Breaks ................................................................................................................ 14
Note on Differences between the Actual MCU and Emulator........................................................... 15
Note on the Watchdog Function........................................................................................................ 15
Note on DMA Transfer ...................................................................................................................... 15
Note on Protect Register................................................................................................................... 15
Notes on Pullup Control .................................................................................................................... 16
Note on Operating Frequency........................................................................................................... 16
Notes on Internal Flash ROM of the MCU ........................................................................................ 16
Note on Setting "1" to Protect Bit 2 (PRC2) in Division by 2 Mode................................................... 16
Note on Returning from Stop Mode with the On-chip Oscillator Clock ............................................. 16
Notes on Debugging in CPU Rewrite Mode...................................................................................... 17
Note on the Version of the M3T-PD30F............................................................................................ 17
( 7 / 74 )
1.1 Safety Symbols and Meanings
In both the user's manual and on the product itself, several icons are used to insure proper handling of this product and
also to prevent injuries to you or other persons, or damage to your properties.
This chapter describes the precautions which should be taken in order to use this product safely and properly. Be sure to
read this chapter before using this product.
WARNING
CAUTION
IMPORTANT:
If the requirements shown in the "WARNING" sentences are ignored, the equipment
may cause serious personal injury or death.
If the requirements shown in the "CAUTION" sentences are ignored, the equipment
may malfunction.
It means important information on using this product.
In addition to the three above, the following are also used as appropriate.
means WARNING or CAUTION.
Example:
CAUTION AGAINST AN ELECTRIC SHOCK
means PROHIBITION
Example:
DISASSEMBLY PROHIBITED
means A FORCIBLE ACTION
Example:
UNPLUG THE POWER CABLE FROM THE RECEPTACLE.
The following pages describe the symbols "WARNING", "CAUTION", and "IMPORTANT".
( 8 / 74 )
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety
WARNING
Warning for Installation:
z Do not set this product in water or areas of high humidity. Make sure that the main unit does not get wet.
Spilling water or some other liquid into the main unit can cause an unrepairable damage.
Warning for Use Environment:
z This equipment is to be used in an environment with a maximum ambient temperature of 35°C. Care
should be taken that this temperature is not exceeded.
( 9 / 74 )
CAUTION
Note on Connecting a Power Supply of the Emulator:
z Do not modify this product. Modifying or disassembling this product will void your warranty.
Cautions to Be Taken for Turning On the Power:
z Turn on the power of the emulator and user system as simultaneously as possible.
z Turn off the power of the emulator and user system as simultaneously as possible.
z Do not leave either the emulator or user system powered on, because of leakage current the internal
circuits may be damaged.
z When turning on the power again after shutting off the power, wait about 10 seconds.
Cautions to Be Taken for Handling This Product:
z Use caution when handling the main unit. Be careful not to apply a mechanical shock.
z Do not touch the connector pins of the emulator main unit and the target MCU connector pins. Static
electricity may damage the internal circuits.
z Do not pull this product by the flexible cable for connecting to the emulator main unit and emulation
probe. The cable may cause a break.
z Do not flex the flexible cable for connecting to the emulator main unit and emulation probe excessively.
The cable may cause a break.
z Do not use inch-size screws for this equipment. The screws used in this equipment are all ISO
(meter-size) type screws. When replacing screws, use same type screws as equipped before.
Caution to Be Taken for Malfunctions:
z If the emulator malfunctions because of interference like external noise, do the following to remedy the
trouble.
(1) Press the system reset switch on the emulator front panel.
(2) If normal operation is not restored after step (1), shut OFF power to the emulator once and then
reactivate it.
Caution to Be Taken for External Trigger Input Voltage:
z Keep an external trigger input voltage of the emulator main unit less than a Vcc voltage. Overvoltage
may cause damage to the internal circuits.
( 10 / 74 )
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety
IMPORTANT
Notes on Downloading Firmware:
z Before using this product for the first time, it is necessary to download the dedicated firmware. Please
note that, to do this, it is necessary to start up the emulator main unit in maintenance mode. For
downloading firmware, see "4.2 Downloading Firmware" (page 48). Once the firmware has been
downloaded, the product can be used by simply turning on the power.
z Do not shut off the power while downloading the firmware. If this happens, the product will not start up
properly. If the power is shut off unexpectedly, redownload the firmware.
z Download the firmware with the user system not connected.
Notes on Self-check:
z If the self-check does not result normally (excluding user system errors), the emulation probe may be
damaged. Then contact your local distributor.
z Run the self-check with the user system not connected.
Note on Quitting the Emulator Debugger:
z To restart the emulator debugger, always shut power to the emulator module off once and then on again.
Note on Final Evaluation:
z Be sure to evaluate your system with an evaluation MCU. Before starting mask production, evaluate
your system and make final confirmation with a CS (Commercial Sample) version MCU.
Notes on Power Supply to the User System:
z Pin Vcc is connected to the user system to observe the voltage. Therefore, the power is not supplied to
the user system from the emulator, design your system so that the user system is powered separately.
z The voltage of the user system should be as follows.
3.0 V ≤ Vcc ≤ 5.5 V
z Do not change the voltage of the user system after turning on the power.
Note on Selecting an MCU File:
z Select the MCU file "M16C6NK.mcu" at the startup of the emulator debugger.
Note on RESET* Input:
z A low input to pin RESET* from the user system is accepted only when a user program is being
executed (when the RUN status LED on the PC7501's front panel is lit).
Note on NMI* Input:
z A low input to pin NMI* from the user system is accepted only when a user program is being executed
(when the RUN status LED on the PC7501's front panel is lit).
( 11 / 74 )
IMPORTANT
Note on RDY* Input:
z Be sure to input a low to pin RDY* of the user system during the user program execution (only while
the RUN status LED on the PC7501's upper panel is lit). Inputting a low signal to pin RDY* when the
user program is stopped may cause a malfunction of the emulator.
Note on HOLD* Input:
z Be sure to input a low to pin HOLD* of the user system during the user program execution (only while
the RUN status LED on the PC7501's upper panel is lit). Inputting a low signal to pin HOLD* when the
user program is stopped may cause a malfunction of the emulator.
Notes on Maskable Interrupts:
z Even if a user program is not being executed (including when run-time debugging is being performed),
the evaluation MCU keeps running so as to control the emulation probe. Therefore, timers and other
components do not stop running.
If a maskable interrupt is requested when the user program is not being executed (including when
run-time debugging is being performed), the maskable interrupt request cannot be accepted, because the
emulator disables interrupts. The interrupt request is accepted immediately after the user program
execution is started.
z Take note that when the user program is not being executed (including when run-time debugging is
being performed), a peripheral I/O interruption is not accepted.
Note on Clock Supply to the MCU:
z A clock supplied to the evaluation MCU is selected by the Emulator tab in the Init dialog box of the
emulator debugger.
(1) When "Internal" is selected:
A clock generated by the oscillator circuit board in the PC7501 is supplied. It is continually
supplied regardless of the status of the user system clock and that of the user program execution.
(2) When "External" is selected:
A clock generated by the oscillator in the user system is supplied. It depends on the status of the
oscillation (on/off) of the user system.
(3) When "Generate" is selected:
A clock generated by the dedicated circuit in the PC7501 is supplied. It is continually supplied
regardless of the status of the user system clock and that of the user program execution.
Note on Access Prohibited Area:
z You cannot use internally reserved areas. Write signals to the areas will be ignored, and values read will
be undefined.
Notes on Stack Area:
z With this product, a maximum 8 bytes of the user stack is consumed as a work area.
Even if the user stack does not have an enough area, do not use areas which cannot be used as a stack
(SFR area, RAM area which stores data, or ROM area) as a work area. Using areas like this is a cause of
user program crashes and destabilized emulator control.
z With this product, the interrupt stack pointer (ISP) is set at 00500h and used as a stack area after a reset
is released.
( 12 / 74 )
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety
IMPORTANT
Notes on Reset Vector Area:
z Memory in the emulator main unit is always selected as a reset vector area (FFFFCh--FFFFFh) in order
to operate the evaluation MCU in the emulator-dedicated mode. Set the contents of the reset vector area
in one of the following ways.
(1) Download a user program to an area including the reset vector area.
(2) Set the reset vector using a memory window of the emulator debugger etc.
z You can change data in the reset vector area only when the user program is stopped.
z Do not access the reset vector area as data. It may not be accessed properly, and the program may not
run properly in the next bus cycle.
Note on Accessing Addresses 00000h and 00001h:
z With the M16C/60 Series MCUs, when a maskable interrupt is generated, the interrupt data (interrupt
number and interrupt request level) stored in addresses 00000h and 00001h is read out. Also, the
interrupt request bit is cleared when address 00000h or 00001h is read out. Consequently, when the
address 00000h or 00001h readout instruction is executed or when address 00000h or 00001h is read out
in the cause of a program runaway, a malfunction occurs in that the interrupt is not executed despite the
interrupt request, because the request bit of the highest priority interrupt factor enabled is cleared.
For this malfunction, when the reading out to address 00000h or 00001h is generated excluding the
interrupt, the WARNING LED (yellow) lights up to alarm. When this LED lights, there is a possibility
of wrong access, therefore check the user program.
Note on Stop and Wait Modes:
z Do not single step an instruction shifting to stop or wait mode. It may cause communication errors.
Note on Display of MCU Status:
z "MCU status" you can refer to in the MCU tab of the MCU Setting dialog box of the emulator debugger
shows pin levels of the user system. Make sure that proper pin levels are specified according to the
mode you use.
(1) When single-chip mode is used:
CNVss: Low
(2) When memory expansion mode 16-bit data bus width is used:
CNVss: Low, BYTE: Low, HOLD*: High, RDY*: High
(3) When memory expansion mode 8-bit data bus width is used:
CNVss: Low, BYTE: High, HOLD*: High, RDY*: High
(4) When microprocessor mode 16-bit data bus width is used:
CNVss: High, BYTE: Low, HOLD*: High, RDY*: High
(5) When microprocessor mode 8-bit data bus width is used:
CNVss: High, BYTE: High, HOLD*: High, RDY*: High
( 13 / 74 )
IMPORTANT
Note on Breaks:
z The area displaying break points in the program window of the emulator debugger shows the following
breaks.
(1) Address-match break "A"
This is a debugging function which breaks a program, using the address-match interrupt function of
the MCU, immediately before the system executes an instruction at a specified address. The
instruction at the preset address will not be executed.
(2) Software break "B"
This is a debugging function which generates a BRK interruption by changing an instruction at a
specified address to a BRK instruction (00h) to break a program immediately before the system
executes an instruction at a specified address. The instruction at the preset address will not be
executed.
(3) Hardware break "H"
This is a debugging function which breaks a program by setting the detection of an execution of an
instruction at a specified address as a break event. The program will break after the instruction at
the specified address is executed.
Notes on Address-Match Breaks:
z As the processing speed of setting and canceling address-match breaks is relatively fast, you can save
the times of writing into the internal flash ROM of an MCU. Therefore, address-match breaks precede
the other breaks when setting breakpoints in the internal flash ROM area of an MCU.
z Address-match breaks can be set only in RAM and ROM areas of an MCU.
z Address-match breaks can be set at up to 8 points. The other breaks are set as software breaks.
z Address-match breaks can be set or canceled even when the user program is being executed.
Notes on Address-Match Interrupts:
z When you use the address-match interrupt function in a user program, uncheck "Enable the Address
Match Interrupt Break Function" in the MCU tab of the Init dialog box of the emulator debugger. Thus,
normal software breaks are used for the internal RAM and ROM areas of an MCU.
z Do not set a software break at an address where an address-match interrupt occurs. Otherwise, a user
program may be run out of control. Set a software or hardware break in the top address in address-match
interrupt processing.
z When you single step an address where an address-match interrupt occurs, the program stops after
executing the first instruction after returning from address-match interrupt processing.
Notes on Software Breaks:
z Software breaks change the instruction at a specified address to a BRK (00h). Therefore, take note that
when you reference the result of a trace in bus mode, "00h" is displayed.
z The BRK instruction can be used for the emulator only. You cannot use it in a user program.
z You can neither set nor cancel a software breakpoint in the internal ROM area of an MCU during user
program execution, while you can set or cancel it in the internal RAM area of an MCU and the area
(emulation memory) where the map setting is INTERNAL in chip-select CS3* to CS0*.
( 14 / 74 )
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety
IMPORTANT
Note on Differences between the Actual MCU and Emulator:
z Operations of the emulator system differ from those of actual MCUs as listed below.
(1) Reset condition
Set the time for starting up (0.2 Vcc to 0.8 Vcc) 1 µs or less.
(2) Initial values of internal resource data of an MCU at power-on
(3) Interrupt stack pointer (ISP) after a reset is released
(4) Capacities of the internal memories (ROM and RAM)
The evaluation MCU of this product has RAM of 31 KB (00400h--07FFFh) and flash ROM of 4
KB (0F000h--0FFFFh) and 512 KB (80000h--FFFFFh).
(5) Oscillator circuit
In the oscillator circuit where an oscillator is connected between pins XIN and XOUT, oscillation
does not occur because a converter board is used between the evaluation MCU and the user system.
It is same for pins XCIN and XCOUT. For notes on when using the oscillator circuit on the user
system, refer to "3.1.3 Using the Oscillator Circuit on the User System" (page 29).
(6) A-D conversion
The characteristics of the A-D converter differ from those of actual MCU because there are a
converter board and other devices between the evaluation MCU and the user system.
(7) Ports P0 to P5, P10
This product emulates some I/O ports (P0 to P5, P10). Therefore, the electrical characteristics of
these ports differ from those of an actual MCU.
(8) Address and status of BHE*
When the internal RAM or ROM area of an MCU is accessed during user program execution,
actual MCUs retain a preceding address and status of BHE*, while this product does not.
(9) Status of a data bus
In stop or wait mode, actual MCUs retain a preceding status of a data bus, while with this product a
data bus is floating.
(10) Operation after releasing the reset
After releasing the reset, for about up to 380 cycles, a program to control the emulator will be
executed. Note that this will be included in a user program execution time and tracing result.
Note on the Watchdog Function:
z If the reset circuit of the user system has a watchdog timer, disable it when using the emulator.
Note on DMA Transfer:
z With this product, the program is stopped with a loop program to a specific address. Therefore, if a
DMA request is generated while the program is stopped, DMA transfer is executed. However, make
note that DMA transfer while the program is stopped may not be performed correctly. Also note that the
below registers have been changed to generate DMA transfer as explained here even when the program
is stopped.
(1) DMA0 transfer counter: TCR0
(2) DMA1 transfer counter: TCR1
Note on Protect Register:
z The protect is not canceled when bit 2 of protect register PRCR (PRC2), which enables writing into the
ports P7 and P9 direction registers and the SI/Oi control register, is changed with the below procedure.
(1) Step execution of an instruction setting PRC2 to "1"
(2) Setting a break point between an instruction setting PRC2 to "1" and a point where the ports P7 and
P9 direction registers or the SI/Oi control register is set
(3) Setting PRC2 to "1" by the memory window or script window
( 15 / 74 )
IMPORTANT
Notes on Pullup Control:
z Because this product emulates some I/O ports (P0 to P5, P10), you can not pullup ports P0 to P5 by the
pullup control registers. Install the included resistor arrays (51 kΩ) as necessary.
z The initial value of pullup control register 1 PUR1 of this product is different from that of an actual
MCU. When a Vcc level is input to pin CNVss, the value of an actual MCU is "02h" (bit 1 PU11 is "1"),
while that of this product is "00h".
Note on Operating Frequency:
z You can not use this product with a main clock (XIN-XOUT) less than 1 MHz. To use it with a main clock
less than 1 MHz, contact your local distributor.
Notes on Internal Flash ROM of the MCU:
z This product downloads a user program to the flash ROM in an MCU when debugging in single-chip or
memory expansion mode. By checking "Disable the Internal Flash ROM" in the MCU tab of the MCU
setting dialog box of the emulator debugger, you can disable the operation of the internal flash ROM of
the MCU to use the emulation memory. However, the maximum operating frequency is 10 MHz.
z Because the number of write/erase cycles of the internal flash ROM of the MCU is limited, it must be
replaced at the end of its service-life.
z If the following errors occur frequently when downloading a program, replace the MCU board.
(1) Flash ROM erase error occurred ERROR (16258)
(2) Flash ROM verify error occurred ERROR (16259)
To purchase products for replacement, contact your local distributor.
Note on Setting "1" to Protect Bit 2 (PRC2) in Division by 2 Mode:
z Under the following conditions, even if you enable the PRC2 bit, writing to the registers protected by
the PRC2 bit (PD7, PD9, S3C, S4C, S5C and S6C) cannot be done properly.
(1) Between when stop mode is released and when a hardware reset is executed
(2) Between when low power dissipation mode is enabled and when a hardware reset is executed
Therefore, if the condition (1) or (2) applies, when you enable the PRC2 bit and write to the registers
protected by the PRC2 (PD7, PD9, S3C, S4C, S5C and S6C), set the CPU clock neither to the main
clock in division by 2 mode nor to the on-chip oscillator clock in division by 2 mode.
Note on Returning from Stop Mode with the On-chip Oscillator Clock:
z When this product shifts from on-chip oscillator mode or on-chip oscillator low power dissipation mode
to stop mode, it cannot be returned with an interrupt other than the NMI.
Interrupts with which this product cannot return:
(1) Key input interrupt
(2) INT interrupt
(3) Interrupts of timers A and B
(4) Serial I/O interrupt
( 16 / 74 )
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety
IMPORTANT
Notes on Debugging in CPU Rewrite Mode:
z When you debug the M16C/6N Group M16C/6NK, M16C/6NL, M16C/6NM, M16C/6NN, M16C/6N4,
M16C/6N5 MCUs in CPU rewrite mode, do not change the block 0 area (FF000h--FFFFFh) of the flash
memory. Otherwise, the emulator will be uncontrollable.
z If you check "Debug the program using CPU Rewrite Mode" in the MCU tab of the Init dialog box of
the emulator debugger, you cannot use the following functions.
(1) Setting software breakpoints in an internal ROM area
(2) Executing COME in an internal ROM area
z In the rewrite control program area (from setting CPU rewrite mode to releasing it), do not use the
following functions.
(1) Single-stepping
(2) Setting software breakpoints
(3) Setting hardware breakpoints
z To reference data after executing CPU rewrite, stop the program at a point which is not a rewrite control
program area and use a memory window etc.
z As the following interrupt vectors are used by the emulator system, the read data is different from
expected value.
(1) BRK instruction (FFFE4h--FFFE7h)
(2) Address match (FFFE8h--FFFEBh)
(3) Single-step (FFFECh--FFFEFh)
(4) DBC (FFFF4h--FFFF7h)
Note on the Version of the M3T-PD30F:
z Be sure to use this product with the emulator debugger M3T-PD30F V2.20 or later.
( 17 / 74 )
MEMO
( 18 / 74 )
Chapter 2. Preparation
Chapter 2. Preparation
This chapter describes the package components, the system configuration and the preparation for using this product for
the first time.
2.1 Package Components .............................................................................................................................. 20
2.2 Other Tool Products Required for Development ...................................................................................... 20
2.3 Name of Each Part ................................................................................................................................... 21
2.3.1 System Configuration ...................................................................................................................... 21
2.3.2 Names and Functions of the PC7501 Upper Panel LEDs .............................................................. 22
2.4 When Using the Emulator for the First Time ............................................................................................ 24
2.4.1 Downloading Firmware.................................................................................................................... 24
2.4.2 Self-check........................................................................................................................................ 24
( 19 / 74 )
2.1 Package Components
The M306NKT-EPB package consists of the following items. When unpacking it, check to see if your M306NKT-EPB
contains all of these items.
Table 2.1 Package components
Item
Quantity
M306NKT-EPB emulation probe
1
M30800T-PTC converter board for 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch LCC
1
IC61-1004-051 LCC socket (100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch) made by Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd.
1
OSC-3 (16 MHz) oscillator circuit board
1
OSC-2 oscillator circuit bare board
1
Resistor arrays (51 kΩ) for ports P0 to P5 pullup
6
Hardware tool user registration FAX sheet (English)
1
Hardware tool user registration FAX sheet (Japanese)
1
M306NKT-EPB User's Manual (this manual)
1
M306NKT-EPB User's Manual (Japanese)
1
* Please keep the M306NKT-EPB's packing box and cushion material in your place for reuse at a later time when
sending your product for repair or other purposes. Always use these packing box and cushion material when
transporting this product.
* If there is any question or doubt about the packaged product, contact your local distributor.
* For purchasing the IC61-1004-051 or for technical information, contact Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd.
http://www.yamaichi.co.jp/e/index.shtml
2.2 Other Tool Products Required for Development
To bring forward programs development on the M16C/6N Group M16C/6NK, M16C/6NL, M16C/6NM, M16C/6NN,
M16C/6N4, M16C/6N5, the products listed below are necessary in addition to those contained package above. Get them
separately.
Converter board
Table 2.2 Other tool products required for development
Product
Product name
Notes
Emulator main unit
PC7501
Required
Emulator debugger
M3T-PD30F
Required
M3T-100LCC-DMS
+
M3T-DIRECT100S
Required according to a foot pattern of a user
M3T-100LCC-DMS
100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch QFP
system
+
(100P6S-A)
See "3.5 Connecting the User System
M3T-DUMMY100S
(M16C/6N4, /6N5)" (page 34).
M3T-100LCC-DMS
+
M3T-FLX-100NRB
M3T-F160-100NSD
M3T-100LCC-QSD
100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch LQFP
Required according to a foot pattern of a user
M3T-100LCC-DMS
(100P6Q-A)
system
+
See "3.6 Connecting the User System
M3T-FLX-100NSD
(M16C/6NK, /6NL, /6NM, /6NN)" (page 39).
128-pin 0.5-mm-pitch LQFP
M3T-F160-128NRD
(128P6Q-A)
* For purchasing these products, contact your local distributor.
( 20 / 74 )
Chapter 2. Preparation
2.3 Name of Each Part
2.3.1 System Configuration
Figure 2.1 shows a configuration of the PC7501 system.
LPT parallel, USB or LAN
interface
Host machine
Emulator PC7501
(1) Emulation probe
M306NKT-EPB
(2) Converter board
M30800T-PTC
User system
Figure 2.1 System configuration
(1) Emulation probe M306NKT-EPB
This emulation probe consists of the interface board (to the PC7501) PCA7501EPBA for the M16C/60 Series and
MCU board M306NKT-EPBM for the M16C/6N Group M16C/6NK, M16C/6NL, M16C/6NM, M16C/6NN,
M16C/6N4, M16C/6N5.
(2) Converter board M30800T-PTC
This is a converter board for connecting to the 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch LCC socket IC61-1004-051 on the user
system. For details, refer to "3.5 Connecting the User System (M16C/6N4, /6N5)" (page 34) or "3.6 Connecting the
User System (M16C/6NK, /6NL, /6NM, /6NN)" (page 39).
( 21 / 74 )
2.3.2 Names and Functions of the PC7501 Upper Panel LEDs
Figure 2.2 shows the names of the LEDs on the upper panel of the PC7501.
Figure 2.2 Names of the LEDs on the upper panel of the PC7501
(1) System Status LEDs
The system status LEDs indicate the emulator PC7501's power supply, firmware operating status, etc. Table 2.3 lists the
definition of each system status LED.
Table 2.3 Definition of the system status LEDs
Name
Status
Meaning
POWER
ON
PC7501 system is turned ON.
OFF
PC7501 system is turned OFF.
SAFE
ON
PC7501 system is operating normally.
Flashing 1. The self-check is being executed.
2. Downloaded firmware is being written into memory.
3. If the ERROR LED is flashing or turned on at the same time, the self-check cannot be
executed because of malfunction of the user system.
OFF
PC7501 system is not operating normally (system status error).
ERROR
ON
PC7501 system is not operating normally (system status error).
Flashing 1. Firmware is being downloaded.
2. If the SAFE LED is flashing at the same time or alternately, the self-check cannot be
executed because of malfunction of the user system.
OFF
PC7501 system is operating normally.
( 22 / 74 )
Chapter 2. Preparation
(2) Target Status LEDs
The target status LEDs indicate operating status of the target MCU and power supply of the user system. Table 2.4 lists
the definition of each target status LED.
Table 2.4 Definition of the target status LEDs
Name
Status
Meaning
POWER
ON
Power is supplied to the user system.
OFF
Power is not supplied to the user system.
CLOCK
ON
Target MCU clock is oscillating.
OFF
Target MCU clock is not oscillating.
RESET
ON
Target MCU is being reset.
OFF
Target MCU is not being reset.
RUN
ON
User program is being executed.
OFF
User program has been halted.
WARNING
ON
Address 00000h or 00001h has been read out.
OFF
Address 00000h or 00001h has not been read out.
IMPORTANT
Note on Usage in Memory Expansion or Microprocessor Mode:
z When you use this product in memory expansion or microprocessor mode, be sure to design your system
so that pins RDY* and HOLD* are not active at startup. Otherwise, it cannot startup normally.
Note on the Target Status POWER LED:
z If your MCU has two or more Vcc terminals, the LED does not light unless power is supplied to all the
terminals.
Note on the Target Status CLOCK LED:
z If the LED is not turned on, check the following.
(1) After powering on the PC7501 (before starting up the emulator debugger):
Make sure that the oscillator circuit board is properly installed in the PC7501 and it is oscillating
normally.
(2) After the emulator debugger is started up (after the Init dialog box settings are completed):
Make sure that the oscillator selected in the Init dialog box is oscillating normally.
Note on Accessing Addresses 00000h and 00001h:
z With the M16C/60 Series MCUs, when a maskable interrupt is generated, the interrupt data (interrupt
number and interrupt request level) stored in addresses 00000h and 00001h is read out. Also, the
interrupt request bit is cleared when address 00000h or 00001h is read out. Consequently, when the
address 00000h or 00001h readout instruction is executed or when address 00000h or 00001h is read out
in the cause of a program runaway, a malfunction occurs in that the interrupt is not executed despite the
interrupt request, because the request bit of the highest priority interrupt factor enabled is cleared.
For this malfunction, when the reading out to address 00000h or 00001h is generated excluding the
interrupt, the WARNING LED (yellow) lights up to alarm. When this LED lights, there is a possibility
of wrong access, therefore check the user program.
( 23 / 74 )
2.4 When Using the Emulator for the First Time
2.4.1 Downloading Firmware
If you have purchased this emulation probe newly, you need to download the firmware. The download procedure is
given in Figure 2.3.
Before downloading the firmware, check that emulator debugger M3T-PD30F is installed to your host machine and the
PC7501 is connected to the host machine. For more details, see each user's manual of the emulator debugger
M3T-PD30F and the PC7501.
Install oscillator circuit board OSC-3 (16 MHz)
included with this product to the PC7501
See "3.1 Selecting Clock Supply" (page 26).
↓
Connect this product and the PC7501.
See "3.4 Connecting the PC7501" (page 33).
↓
Within 2 seconds of turning the power ON,
press the system reset switch of the PC7501
and check it is in maintenance mode.
↓
See "4.2 Downloading Firmware" (page 48).
Startup emulator debugger M3T-PD30F
and download the firmware.
↓
Quit the emulator debugger
and shut down the PC7501.
Figure 2.3 Firmware download procedure
2.4.2 Self-check
Execute the self-check after downloading the firmware to check that the emulation probe operates properly. Figure 2.4
shows the self-check procedure.
Within 2 seconds of turning the power ON,
press the system reset switch of the PC7501
and check it is in maintenance mode.
↓
Press the system reset switch of the PC7501
to start the self-check.
See "4.3 Self-check" (page 49).
↓
After about 30 seconds, check that the
self-check is terminated normally and shut down
the PC7501.
Figure 2.4 Self-check procedure
( 24 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
Chapter 3. Setup
This chapter describes switch settings required for using this product and how to connect this product to the PC7501
and the user system.
3.1 Selecting Clock Supply............................................................................................................................. 26
3.1.1 Clocks.............................................................................................................................................. 26
3.1.2 Using an Internal Oscillator Circuit Board ....................................................................................... 26
3.1.3 Using the Oscillator Circuit on the User System ............................................................................. 29
3.1.4 Using the Internal Generator Circuit................................................................................................ 30
3.2 A-D Conversion Bypass Capacitors ......................................................................................................... 31
3.3 Pullup of Emulation Ports ......................................................................................................................... 32
3.4 Connecting the PC7501 ........................................................................................................................... 33
3.5 Connecting the User System (M16C/6N4, /6N5) ..................................................................................... 34
3.5.1 Connecting to a 100-pin LCC Socket.............................................................................................. 35
3.5.2 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 1) ........................................................ 36
3.5.3 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 2) ........................................................ 37
3.5.4 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 3) ........................................................ 38
3.6 Connecting the User System (M16C/6NK, /6NL, /6NM, /6NN)................................................................ 39
3.6.1 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 1) .......................................................... 40
3.6.2 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 2) .......................................................... 41
3.6.3 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 3) .......................................................... 42
3.6.4 Connecting to a 128-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern .......................................................................43
( 25 / 74 )
3.1 Selecting Clock Supply
3.1.1 Clocks
You can choose a clock supplied to the evaluation MCU by the Emulator tab in the Init dialog box of the emulator
debugger. Table 3.1 shows the clocks and their initial settings.
Table 3.1 Clock supply to the MCU
Display of
Clock
emulator debugger
Internal
Main (XIN-XOUT)
External
Generate
Internal
Sub (XCIN-XCOUT)
External
Description
Internal oscillator circuit board (OSC-3 or OSC-2)
Oscillator circuit on the user system
Internal generator circuit (1.0--16.0 MHz)
Internal oscillator circuit (32.768 kHz)
Oscillator circuit on the user system
Default
setting
Yes
Yes
3.1.2 Using an Internal Oscillator Circuit Board
(1) Kinds of Oscillator Boards
The PC7501 comes with an oscillator circuit board OSC-3 (30 MHz). And an oscillator circuit board OSC-3 (16 MHz)
and a oscillator circuit bare board OSC-2 are included with this product. If you use an internal oscillator circuit board of
the PC7501 as a main clock, choose "Internal" in the emulator debugger after replacing oscillator circuit boards to
change a clock supplied to an MCU.
(2) Replacing an Oscillator Circuit Board
1. Remove the four screws of both sides of this product and lift off the upper cover (see Figure 3.1).
Figure 3.1 Removing the upper cover
( 26 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
2. Replace the oscillator circuit board (see Figure 3.2).
The oscillator circuit board of the PC7501 is in the lower right corner
of the board.
Unscrew the screw securing the oscillator circuit board.
Lift off the oscillator circuit board.
Attach another oscillator circuit board to the connector.
Secure the new oscillator circuit board with the screw.
Figure 3.2 Replacing the oscillator circuit board
3. Reinstall the upper cover and secure the four screws.
CAUTION
Note on Replacing the Oscillator Circuit Board:
z Always shut OFF power when removing the upper cover or replacing oscillator circuit board. Otherwise,
internal circuits may be damaged.
( 27 / 74 )
(3) Using the Internal Oscillator Circuit Bare Board
To use the emulation probe at a frequency you like, build a desired oscillator circuit on the included OSC-2 oscillator
circuit bare board. Figure 3.3 shows an external view of the OSC-2 oscillator circuit bare board and where the connector
pins are located. Figure 3.4 shows the circuitry of the oscillator circuit bare board OSC-2. Use the number of oscillator
circuits recommended by the oscillator manufacturer.
J1-4: GND
J1-3: Oscillation output
J1-2: GND
J1-1: VCC
Figure 3.3 External view of the oscillator circuit board OSC-2 and its connector pin positions
IC1
IC1
11
10
9
C LK
8
J1-3
R1
X1* ,X2*
C2
X3*
1
2
3
4
5
6
Vcc
J1-1
R2
C1
13
12
IC1
C3
14
IC1
7
J1-2
GND
J1-4
GND
2-pin oscillator
*X1:5.08-mm-pitch
.
X2:2.54-mm-pitch 2-pin oscillator
X3:2.54-mm-pitch 3-pin oscillator
IC1:Inverter (Unbuffer)
Figure 3.4 Circuits of the oscillator circuit bare board OSC-2
( 28 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
3.1.3 Using the Oscillator Circuit on the User System
To operate this product with an external clock, construct the oscillator circuit as shown in Figure 3.5 in the user system
and input the oscillator output at 50% duty (within the operating range of the evaluation MCU) into pin XIN. And pin
XOUT should be open. Choose "External" in the emulator debugger to use this clock.
Figure 3.5 External oscillator circuit
Make note that in the oscillator circuit shown in Figure 3.6 where a resonator is connected between pins XIN and XOUT,
oscillation does not occur because a converter board and other devices are used between the evaluation MCU and the
user system. It is same for sub-clock oscillator circuits (XCIN and XCOUT).
Figure 3.6 Circuit in which oscillation does not occur
( 29 / 74 )
3.1.4 Using the Internal Generator Circuit
The dedicated circuit in the PC7501 can generate any arbitrary frequency specified by the emulator debugger, and it can
be supplied as a main clock. It does not depend on either the oscillator circuit board in the PC7501 or the oscillator
circuit on the user system. If you want to debug programs without the user system or change a frequency temporarily,
you can check its operation before purchasing an oscillator. If you want to use the internal generator circuit in the
PC7501 as a main clock, choose "Generate" in the emulator debugger and specify a frequency you like to use this clock.
Although you can change a frequency between 1.0 and 99.9 MHz by 0.1 MHz for the PC7501, do not specify a value
exceeding the maximum input frequency of the XIN of an MCU.
IMPORTANT
Note on Using the Internal Generator Circuit:
z The internal generator circuit is equipped for temporary debugging purposes. Temperature
characteristics of frequencies are not guaranteed.
( 30 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
3.2 A-D Conversion Bypass Capacitors
There is a foot pattern on the M306NKT-EPBM board for mounting bypass capacitors for the A-D conversion circuit
near the MCU. Mount suitable bypass capacitors as occasion demands. Figure 3.7 shows where they are installed and
the configuration of this product.
Front side of the M306NKT-EPBM
6NK
VREF-AVSS bypass capacitor
VREF
AVSS
C2
AVCC-AVSS bypass capacitor
AVCC
AVSS
C1
Figure 3.7 Foot pattern for A-D conversion bypass capacitors and the configuration of this product
IMPORTANT
Note on the A-D Converter Function:
z Because a converter board and other devices are used between the evaluation MCU and the user system,
the A-D converter operates differently from that of an actual MCU. Make the final evaluation of the
A-D converter with an actual MCU.
( 31 / 74 )
3.3 Pullup of Emulation Ports
Because this product emulates some I/O ports (P0 to P5, P10), you can not pullup ports P0 to P5 by the pullup control
registers. Install the included resistor arrays (51 kΩ) as necessary. Figure 3.8 shows the positions of the pullup resistors.
And, Table 3.2 lists the emulation port numbers and the pullup resistor part numbers.
Front side of the M306NKT-EPBM
6NK
Position to install pullup resistor arrays
Figure 3.8 Positions of the pullup resistors
Table 3.2 Emulation ports and pullup resistor part numbers
Port
Resistor part
P00--P07
RM1 (51 kΩ pullup)
P10--P17
RM2 (51 kΩ pullup)
P20--P27
RM3 (51 kΩ pullup)
P30--P37
RM4 (51 kΩ pullup)
P40--P47
RM5 (51 kΩ pullup)
P50--P57
RM6 (51 kΩ pullup)
( 32 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
3.4 Connecting the PC7501
Figure 3.9 shows how to connect the PC7501 and the emulation probe.
M3T-FLX160-EPB
M306NKT-EPB
Figure 3.9 Connecting the PC7501 and the emulation probe
CAUTION
Notes on Connecting the PC7501:
z When connecting the emulation probe, be sure to hold the both sides of the emulation probe horizontally
and insert it directly.
z Always shut OFF power before connecting the emulation probe. Otherwise, internal circuits may be
damaged.
z The connectors of the M306NKT-EPB are guaranteed for only 50 insertion/removal iterations.
( 33 / 74 )
3.5 Connecting the User System (M16C/6N4, /6N5)
Figure 3.10 shows how to connect this product according to your user system.
Emulation probe
100-pin
0.65-mm-pitch
M30800T-PTC
(included)
M3T-100LCC-DMS
(not included)
M3T-FLX100-T
(not included)
M3T-FLX100-R
(not included)
*1
LCC socket
100-pin LCC
(included)
M3T-DIRECT100S
100-pin QFP
(not included)
M3T-DUMMY100S
100-pin QFP
(not included)
M3T-FLX-100NRB
100-pin QFP
(not included)
●: No. 1 pin
*1: These three items are available in one package.
Figure 3.10 Connecting the user system according to user systems (M16C/6N4, /6N5)
CAUTION
Note on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
( 34 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
3.5.1 Connecting to a 100-pin LCC Socket
Here following is a procedure of connecting to a 100-pin LCC socket (IC61-1004-051 of Yamaichi Electronics Co.,
Ltd.) on the user system using the included M30800T-PTC.
(1) Attach the CN2 side of the M30800T-PTC to the J4 side of the M306NKT-EPB.
(2) Attach the M30800T-PTC to the 100-pin LCC socket.
M3T-FLX160-EPB
M306NKT-EPB
CN2 side
(1)
M30800T-PTC
(2)
100-pin LCC socket
No. 1 pin
User target
Figure 3.11 Connecting to a 100-pin LCC socket
CAUTION
Notes on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
z The connectors of the M30800T-PTC are guaranteed for only 50 insertion/removal iterations.
z For purchasing the IC61-1004-051 or for technical information, contact Yamaichi Electronics Co., Ltd.
http://www.yamaichi.co.jp/e/index.shtml
( 35 / 74 )
3.5.2 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 1)
Here following is a procedure of connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch foot pattern on the user system using the
M3T-DIRECT100S (not included). For details on the M3T-100LCC-DMS (not included) and M3T-DIRECT100S, refer
to each user's manual.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Attach the M3T-DIRECT100S to the user system.
Attach the M3T-100LCC-DMS to the M3T-DIRECT100S.
Attach the CN2 side of the M30800T-PTC to the J4 side of the M306NKT-EPB.
Attach the M30800T-PTC to the M3T-100LCC-DMS.
M3T-FLX160-EPB
M306NKT-EPB
CN2 side
(3)
M30800T-PTC
(4)
M3T-100LCC-DMS
(not included)
(2)
M3T-DIRECT100S
(not included)
(1)
100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch
(100P6S-A) foot pattern
No. 1 pin
User target
Figure 3.12 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch foot pattern (Part 1)
CAUTION
Notes on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
z The connectors of the M30800T-PTC are guaranteed for only 50 insertion/removal iterations.
z The connectors of the M3T-100LCC-DMS and M3T-DIRECT100S are guaranteed for only 20
insertion/removal iterations.
( 36 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
3.5.3 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 2)
Here following is a procedure of connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch foot pattern on the user system using the
M3T-DUMMY100S (not included). For details on the M3T-100LCC-DMS (not included) and M3T-DUMMY100S,
refer to each user's manual.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Attach the M3T-DUMMY100S to the user system.
Attach the M3T-100LCC-DMS to the M3T-DUMMY100S.
Attach the CN2 side of the M30800T-PTC to the J4 side of the M306NKT-EPB.
Attach the M30800T-PTC to the M3T-100LCC-DMS.
M3T-FLX160-EPB
M306NKT-EPB
CN2 side
(3)
M30800T-PTC
(4)
M3T-100LCC-DMS
(not included)
On-board evaluation
(2)
M3T-DUMMY100S
(not included)
FLASH MCU etc.
(1)
100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch
(100P6S-A) foot pattern
No. 1 pin
User target
Figure 3.13 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch foot pattern (Part 2)
CAUTION
Notes on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
z The connectors of the M30800T-PTC are guaranteed for only 50 insertion/removal iterations.
z The connectors of the M3T-100LCC-DMS and M3T-DUMMY100S are guaranteed for only 20
insertion/removal iterations.
( 37 / 74 )
3.5.4 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 3)
Here following is a procedure of connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch foot pattern on the user system using the
M3T-FLX-100NRB (not included). For details on the M3T-100LCC-DMS (not included) and M3T-FLX-100NRB,
refer to each user's manual.
(1) Attach the NQPACK100RB included with the M3T-FLX-100NRB to the user system.
(2) Attach the YQPACK100RB included with the M3T-FLX-100NRB to the NQPACK100RB and secure it with the
YQ-GUIDE's.
(3) Attach the M3T-FLX-100NRB to the YQPACK100RB.
(4) Attach the M3T-100LCC-DMS to the M3T-FLX-100NRB.
(5) Attach the CN2 side of the M30800T-PTC to the J4 side of the M306NKT-EPB.
(6) Attach the M30800T-PTC to the M3T-100LCC-DMS.
M3T-FLX160-EPB
M306NKT-EPB
(5)
CN2 side
M30800T-PTC
(6)
(4)
M3T-100LCC-DMS
(not included)
M3T-FLX-100NRB
(not included)
On-board evaluation
(3)
YQ-GUIDE (x4)
HQPACK100RB168
(not included)
YQPACK100RB
*
(2)
NQPACK100RB
FLASH MCU etc.
These corners are not round.
(1)
100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch
(100P6S-A) foot pattern
No. 1 pin
*: These four items are available in one package.
User target
Figure 3.14 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch foot pattern (Part 3)
CAUTION
Notes on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
z The connectors of the M30800T-PTC are guaranteed for only 50 insertion/removal iterations.
z The connectors of the M3T-100LCC-DMS and M3T-FLX-100NRB are guaranteed for only 20
insertion/removal iterations.
( 38 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
3.6 Connecting the User System (M16C/6NK, /6NL, /6NM, /6NN)
Figure 3.15 shows how to connect this product according to your user system.
Emulation probe
100-pin
0.5-mm-pitch
128-pin
0.5-mm-pitch
M30800T-PTC
(included)
M3T-100LCC-DMS
(not included)
M3T-FLX100-T
(not included)
M3T-F160-100NSD
100-pin LQFP
(not included)
M3T-100LCC-QSD
100-pin LQFP
(not included)
M3T-FLX100-R
(not included)
M3T-FLX-100NSD
100-pin LQFP
(not included)
M3T-F160-128NRD
128-pin LQFP
(not included)
Figure 3.15 Connecting the user system according to user systems (M16C/6NK, /6NL, /6NM, /6NN)
CAUTION
Note on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
( 39 / 74 )
3.6.1 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 1)
Here following is a procedure of connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch foot pattern on the user system using the
M3T-F160-100NSD (not included). For details on the M3T-F160-100NSD, refer to its user's manual.
(1) Attach the NQPACK100SD included with the M3T-F160-100NSD to the user system.
(2) Attach the YQPACK100SD included with the M3T-F160-100NSD to the NQPACK100SD and secure it with the
YQ-GUIDE's.
(3) Attach the CN2 side of the M3T-F160-100NSD to the J4 side of the M306NKT-EPB.
(4) Attach the M3T-F160-100NSD to the YQPACK100SD.
M3T-FLX160-EPB
M306NKT-EPB
CN2 side
(3)
M3T-F160-100NSD
(not included)
On-board evaluation
(4)
YQ-GUIDE (x4)
*
HQPACK100SD
(not included)
YQPACK100SD
(2)
NQPACK100SD
FLASH MCU etc.
These corners are not round.
(1)
100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch
(100P6Q-A) foot pattern
No. 1 pin
*: These four items are available in one package.
User target
Figure 3.16 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch foot pattern (Part 1)
CAUTION
Notes on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
z The connectors of the M3T-F160-100NSD are guaranteed for only 50 insertion/removal iterations.
( 40 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
3.6.2 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 2)
Here following is a procedure of connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch foot pattern on the user system using the
M3T-100LCC-QSD (not included). For details on the M3T-100LCC-QSD, refer to its user's manual.
(1) Attach the M3T-100LCC-QSD to the user system.
(2) Attach the CN2 side of the M30800T-PTC to the J4 side of the M306NKT-EPB.
(3) Attach the M30800T-PTC to the M3T-100LCC-QSD.
M3T-FLX160-EPB
M306NKT-EPB
CN2 side
(4)
M30800T-PTC
(5)
M3T-100LCC-QSD
(not included)
(3)
TQSOCKET100SDG
(2)
TQPACK100SD
100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch
(100P6Q-A) foot pattern
(1)
No. 1 pin
User target
Figure 3.17 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch foot pattern (Part 2)
CAUTION
Notes on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
z The connectors of the M30800T-PTC and M3T-100LCC-QSD are guaranteed for only 50
insertion/removal iterations.
( 41 / 74 )
3.6.3 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern (Part 3)
Here following is a procedure of connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch foot pattern on the user system using the
M3T-FLX-100NSD (not included). For details on the M3T-100LCC-DMS (not included) and M3T-FLX-100NSD,
refer to each user's manual.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Attach the M3T-FLX-100NSD to the user system.
Attach the M3T-100LCC-DMS to the M3T-FLX-100NSD.
Attach the CN2 side of the M30800T-PTC to the J4 side of the M306NKT-EPB.
Attach the M30800T-PTC to the M3T-100LCC-DMS.
M3T-FLX160-EPB
M306NKT-EPB
CN2 side
(3)
M30800T-PTC
(4)
(2)
M3T-100LCC-DMS
(not included)
M3T-FLX-100NSD
(not included)
On-board evaluation
YQ-GUIDE (x4)
*
HQPACK100SD
(not included)
YQPACK100SD
NQPACK100SD
FLASH MCU etc.
These corners are not round.
100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch
(100P6Q-A) foot pattern
(1)
No. 1 pin
*: These four items are available in one package.
User target
Figure 3.18 Connecting to a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch foot pattern (Part 3)
CAUTION
Notes on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
z The connectors of the M30800T-PTC are guaranteed for only 50 insertion/removal iterations.
z The connectors of the M3T-100LCC-DMS and M3T-FLX-100NSD are guaranteed for only 20
insertion/removal iterations.
( 42 / 74 )
Chapter 3. Setup
3.6.4 Connecting to a 128-pin 0.5-mm-pitch Foot Pattern
Here following is a procedure of connecting to a 128-pin 0.5-mm-pitch foot pattern on the user system using the
M3T-F160-128NRD (not included). For details on the M3T-F160-128NRD, refer to its user's manual.
(1) Attach the NQPACK128RD included with the M3T-F160-128NRD to the user system.
(2) Attach the YQPACK128RD included with the M3T-F160-128NRD to the NQPACK128RD and secure it with the
YQ-GUIDE's.
(3) Attach the CN2 side of the M3T-F160-128NRD to the J4 side of the M306NKT-EPB.
(4) Attach the M3T-F160-128NRD to the YQPACK128RD.
M3T-FLX160-EPB
M306NKT-EPB
(3)
CN2 side
M3T-F160-128NRD
(not included)
On-board evaluation
(4)
YQ-GUIDE (x4)
*
HQPACK128RD
(not included)
YQPACK128RD
(2)
NQPACK128RD
(1)
128-pin 0.5-mm-pitch
(128P6Q-A) foot pattern
FLASH MCU etc.
These corners are not round.
No. 1 pin
*: These four items are available in one package.
User target
Figure 3.19 Connecting to a 128-pin 0.5-mm-pitch foot pattern
CAUTION
Notes on Connecting the User System:
z Take care not to attach a converter board in a wrong direction. It may cause a fatal damage to the
emulator and targets system.
z The connectors of the M3T-F160-128NRD are guaranteed for only 50 insertion/removal iterations.
( 43 / 74 )
MEMO
( 44 / 74 )
Chapter 4. Usage
Chapter 4. Usage
This chapter describes from turning on the power of this product to starting up the emulator debugger.
4.1 Turning On the Power .............................................................................................................................. 46
4.1.1 Checking Connections of the Emulator System.............................................................................. 46
4.1.2 Turning ON/OFF the Power ............................................................................................................ 46
4.1.3 Power Supply to the User System .................................................................................................. 46
4.1.4 LED Display When the PC7501 Starts Up Normally....................................................................... 47
4.2 Downloading Firmware............................................................................................................................. 48
4.2.1 When It is Necessary to Download Firmware ................................................................................. 48
4.2.2 Downloading Firmware in Maintenance Mode ................................................................................ 48
4.3 Self-check................................................................................................................................................. 49
4.3.1 Self-check Procedure ...................................................................................................................... 49
4.3.2 If an Error is Detected in the Self-check.......................................................................................... 50
( 45 / 74 )
4.1 Turning On the Power
4.1.1 Checking Connections of the Emulator System
Before turning the power ON, check the connection of the interface cable to the host machine, PC7501, emulation probe,
and user system.
4.1.2 Turning ON/OFF the Power
Turn ON the power of the emulator and user system as simultaneously as possible.
Turn OFF the power of the emulator and user system as simultaneously as possible.
Do not leave either the emulator or user system powered on, because of leakage current the internal circuits may be
damaged.
When turning ON the power again after shutting OFF the power, wait for 10 seconds.
4.1.3 Power Supply to the User System
Pin Vcc is connected in order to monitor user system voltage. For this reason, the emulator cannot supply power to the
user system. Therefore, provide the user system with a separate power supply.
The voltage of the user system should be as follows.
3.0 V ≤ Vcc ≤ 5.5 V
Do not change the voltage of the user system after turning on the power.
( 46 / 74 )
Chapter 4. Usage
4.1.4 LED Display When the PC7501 Starts Up Normally
Figure 4.1 shows upper panel LED lighting status when the emulator started up properly. Check it when starting up the
emulator system.
・If this LED does not light, check the voltage of the user system.
・Check that power is supplied to all the power terminals.
・When the user system is not connected, this LED does not light.
POWER
SAFE
ERROR
POWER
CLOCK
RESET
RUN
WARNING
SYSTEM
TARGET
STATUS
STATUS
: ON
: OFF
: Flashing
Figure 4.1 LED display of the PC7501 when the power turned on
IMPORTANT
Note on Memory Expansion or Microprocessor Mode:
z To use the memory expansion or microprocessor mode, be sure to set pins RDY* and HOLD* so that
they are not active at startup. Otherwise the emulator system will not start up correctly.
Note on the Target Status POWER LED:
z If your MCU has two or more Vcc terminals, the LED does not light unless power is supplied to all the
terminals.
Note on the Target Status CLOCK LED:
z If the LED is not turned on, check the following.
(1) After powering on the PC7501 (before starting up the emulator debugger):
Make sure that the oscillator circuit board is properly installed in the PC7501 and it is oscillating
normally.
(2) After the emulator debugger is started up (after the Init dialog box settings are completed):
Make sure that the oscillator selected in the Init dialog box is oscillating normally.
( 47 / 74 )
4.2 Downloading Firmware
4.2.1 When It is Necessary to Download Firmware
It is necessary to download the firmware in the cases listed below. Normally, the following are automatically detected
when the emulator debugger is started up, and the firmware is downloaded.
- When you use this product for the first time
- When the emulator debugger or firmware has been upgraded
- When you use this product with a PC7501 which was used with another emulation probe before
When you use this product for the first time or when the power is unexpectedly shut down, redownload the firmware in
maintenance mode.
4.2.2 Downloading Firmware in Maintenance Mode
Download firmware in the special mode called maintenance mode as explained here following. Figure 4.2 shows LED
displays when downloading firmware.
The user system must not be connected when you download the firmware.
(1) Set the interface select switch on the rear panel of the PC7501 to the LPT side and connect the LPT parallel
interface cable to the PC7501 and the host machine.
(2) Within 2 seconds of activating power to the emulator, press the system reset switch on the PC7501 front panel to
start maintenance mode. When the emulator is switched to maintenance mode, the System Status SAFE LED begins
to flash.
(3) Start up the emulator debugger. When settings in the Init dialog box is complete, the dialog which urges to
download the firmware will appear. Download firmware following messages. Required time for downloading the
firmware is about 60 seconds.
POWER
POWER
POWER
POWER
POWER
POWER
SAFE
CLOCK
SAFE
CLOCK
SAFE
CLOCK
ERROR
RESET
ERROR
RESET
ERROR
RESET
RUN
RUN
WARNING
WARNING
RUN
WARNING
SYSTEM
TARGET
SYSTEM
TARGET
SYSTEM
TARGET
STATUS
STATUS
STATUS
STATUS
STATUS
STATUS
Maintenance mode
started
POWER
POWER
POWER
POWER
SAFE
CLOCK
SAFE
CLOCK
ERROR
RESET
ERROR
RESET
RUN
Downloading firmware
: ON
: OFF
: Flashing
RUN
WARNING
WARNING
SYSTEM
TARGET
SYSTEM
TARGET
STATUS
STATUS
STATUS
STATUS
Download complete
Figure 4.2 LEDs during firmware download
IMPORTANT
Note on Downloading Firmware:
z Do not shut OFF power while firmware is being downloaded. Doing so, the emulator will not start up
properly. If power is shut off by mistake, redownload the firmware in maintenance mode.
( 48 / 74 )
Chapter 4. Usage
4.3 Self-check
4.3.1 Self-check Procedure
To run the self-check of the emulator, do so as explained here below. While the self-check is in progress, the LEDs will
change as shown in Figure 4.3.
(1) If the user system is connected, disconnect it.
(2) Within 2 seconds of activating power to the emulator, press the system reset switch on the emulator front panel to
switch the emulator to maintenance mode.
(3) Check the SAFE LED starts flashing and then press the system reset switch again.
(4) The self-check will start. If the normal result is displayed in about 30 seconds, the self-check terminated normally.
POWER
POWER
POWER
POWER
SAFE
CLOCK
SAFE
CLOCK
ERROR
RESET
ERROR
RESET
RUN
RUN
WARNING
WARNING
SYSTEM
TARGET
SYSTEM
TARGET
STATUS
STATUS
STATUS
STATUS
Maintenance mode
started
ERROR 1
SAFE and ERROR flash
: ON
: OFF
: Flashing
Self-check terminated
normally
POWER
POWER
SAFE
CLOCK
ERROR
RESET
RUN
・When the firmware does not support the emulation probe
・When the emulation probe is not connected properly
WARNING
SYSTEM
TARGET
STATUS
STATUS
Emulation probe and firmware
do not match
ERROR 2
SAFE flashes and
ERROR lights
POWER
POWER
SAFE
CLOCK
ERROR
RESET
・When the PC7501 system is not working properly
RUN
WARNING
SYSTEM
TARGET
STATUS
STATUS
PC7501 system status error
ERROR 3
SAFE and ERROR
light alternately
POWER
POWER
SAFE
CLOCK
ERROR
RESET
・When a clock is not supplied to the emulation probe
RUN
WARNING
SYSTEM
TARGET
STATUS
STATUS
Emulation probe initialization
error
ERROR 4
SAFE goes out and
ERROR lights
POWER
POWER
SAFE
CLOCK
ERROR
RESET
・When the emulation probe is not working properly
RUN
WARNING
SYSTEM
TARGET
STATUS
STATUS
Emulation probe status error
Figure 4.3 LED displays in the self-check
( 49 / 74 )
4.3.2 If an Error is Detected in the Self-check
If the self-check does not result normally (ERROR 1 to ERROR 4 in Figure 4.3), check the following.
- Whether the emulation probe and PC7501 are connected properly.
- Whether the proper firmware has been downloaded.
IMPORTANT
Note on Self-check:
z If the self-check do not result normally (excluding user system errors), the emulation probe may be
damaged. Then contact your local distributor.
( 50 / 74 )
Chapter 5. Specifications
Chapter 5. Specifications
This chapter describes specifications of this product.
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
Specifications ........................................................................................................................................... 52
Operation Timing of Memory Expansion Mode and Microprocessor Mode (5 V) .................................... 53
Connection Diagram................................................................................................................................. 58
External Dimensions................................................................................................................................. 60
5.4.1 External Dimensions of the Emulation Probe.................................................................................. 60
5.4.2 External Dimensions of the Converter Board M30800T-PTC ......................................................... 61
5.4.3 External Dimensions of the Converter Board M3T-F160-100NSD ................................................. 62
5.4.4 External Dimensions of the Converter Board M3T-F160-128NRD ................................................. 62
( 51 / 74 )
5.1 Specifications
Table 5.1 Specifications of the M306NKT-EPB
Emulator
PC7501
Applicable MCU
M16C/6N Group M16C/6NK, M16C/6NL, M16C/6NM, M16C/6NN, M16C/6N4,
M16C/6N5
Evaluation MCU
M306NMFJGP (two pieces)
ROM: 512 KB + 4 KB, RAM: 31 KB
Operating modes
M16C/6N4 Operating modes
Single-chip mode
Maximum operating frequency M16C/6N5
Memory expansion mode
Operating voltage
Microprocessor mode
Maximum operating frequency 20 MHz (when using PLL):
4.2--5.5 V
Applicable voltage
4.2--5.5 V
M16C/6NK Operating modes
Single-chip mode
M16C/6NL Maximum operating frequency 24MHz (when using PLL):
M16C/6NM
3.0--5.5 V
M16C/6NN Applicable voltage
3.0--5.5 V
Emulation memory
(1) 512 KB + 4 KB for internal ROM of MCU
0F000h--0FFFFh, 80000h--FFFFFh, maximum operating frequency: 24 MHz,
0 wait
* When "Disable the Internal Flash ROM" is checked in the MCU tab of the
emulator debugger's MCU Setting dialog box, it is 10 MHz, 0 wait.
(2) 31 KB for internal RAM
00400h--07FFFh, maximum operating frequency: 24 MHz, 0 wait
(3) CS3*--CS0* area
Possible to allocate by 4 KB, maximum operating frequency: 10 MHz, 0 wait
Clock oscillator
XIN-XOUT (1 to 16 MHz):
Internal oscillator circuit board
Switchable to external oscillator input or internal generator circuit
XCIN-XCOUT (32.768 kHz):
Internal oscillator circuit board
Switchable to external oscillator input
Operating temperature
5 to 35°C (no dew)
Storage temperature
-10 to 60°C (no dew)
Power supply to emulator
Supplied from DC power supply of the emulator main unit
For 100-pin LCC socket:
Connection to user system
M30800T-PTC (included) + IC61-1004-051 (included)
(For details, see section 3.5.)
For 100-pin 0.65-mm-pitch QFP (100P6S-A):
Applicable MCUs:
(1) M30800T-PTC (included) + M3T-100LCC-DMS (not included) +
M16C/6N4
M3T-DIRECT100S (not included)
M16C/6N5
(2) M30800T-PTC (included) + M3T-100LCC-DMS (not included) +
M3T-DUMMY100S (not included)
(3) M30800T-PTC (included) + M3T-100LCC-DMS (not included) +
M3T-FLX-100NRB (not included)
Connection to user system
For 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch LQFP (100P6Q-A):
(For details, see section 3.6.)
(1) M3T-F160-100NSD (not included)
Applicable MCUs:
(2) M30800T-PTC (included) + M3T-100LCC-QSD (not included)
M16C/6NK
(3) M30800T-PTC (included) + M3T-100LCC-DMS (not included) +
M16C/6NL
M3T-FLX-100NSD (not included)
M16C/6NM
For 128-pin 0.5-mm-pitch LQFP (128P6Q-A):
M16C/6NN
M3T-FLX-128NRD (not included)
( 52 / 74 )
Chapter 5. Specifications
Vcc=5V
5.2 Operation Timing of Memory Expansion Mode and Microprocessor Mode (5 V)
(1) Separate Bus Timing
Table 5.2 and Figure 5.1 show the bus timing in memory expansion mode and microprocessor mode.
Table 5.2 Memory expansion mode and microprocessor mode (3-wait, accessing external area)
Actual MCU [ns]
Symbol
Item
Min.
Max.
td(BCLK-AD)
Address output delay time
25
th(BCLK-AD)
Address output hold time (BCLK standard)
4
th(RD-AD)
Address output hold time (RD standard)
0
th(WR-AD)
Address output hold time (WR standard)
(*2)
td(BCLK-CS)
Chip-select output delay time
25
th(BCLK-CS)
Chip-select output hold time (BCLK standard)
4
td(BCLK-ALE)
ALE signal output delay time
25
th(BCLK-ALE)
ALE signal output hold time
-4
td(BCLK-RD)
RD signal output delay time
25
th(BCLK-RD)
RD signal output hold time
0
td(BCLK-WR)
WR signal output delay time
25
th(BCLK-WR)
WR signal output hold time
0
td(BCLK-DB)
Data output delay time (BCLK standard)
40
th(BCLK-DB)
Data output hold time (BCLK standard)
4
td(DB-WR)
Data output delay time (WR standard)
(*1)
th(WR-DB)
Data output hold time (WR standard)
(*2)
*1 Calculated by the following formula according to the frequency of BCLK.
(n − 0.5) × 10 9
f ( BCLK )
− 40
[ns] n: "3" for 3-wait
*2 Calculated by the following formula according to the frequency of BCLK.
0.5 × 10 9
− 10
f ( BCLK )
[ns]
( 53 / 74 )
This product [ns]
Min.
Max.
See left
See left
-2
See left
See left
See left
See left
See left
See left
See left
27
See left
See left
See left
See left
See left
Vcc=5V
Read
BCLK
td(BCLK-CS)
th(BCLK-CS)
CSi
th(RD-CS)
tcyc
td(BCLK-AD)
th(BCLK-AD)
ADi
BHE
td(BCLK-ALE)
th(BCLK-ALE)
th(RD-AD)
ALE
td(BCLK-RD)
th(BCLK-RD)
RD
tac2(RD-DB)
DBi
Hi-Z
tsu(DB-RD)
th(RD-DB)
Write
BCLK
td(BCLK-CS)
th(BCLK-CS)
CSi
tcyc
th(WR-CS)
td(BCLK-AD)
th(BCLK-AD)
ADi
BHE
td(BCLK-ALE)
th(BCLK-ALE)
th(WR-AD)
ALE
th(BCLK-WR)
td(BCLK-WR)
WR,
WRL,WRH
th(BCLK-DB)
td(BCLK-DB)
DBi
Hi-Z
td(DB-WR)
th(WR-DB)
Figure 5.1 Memory expansion mode and microprocessor mode (3-wait, accessing external area)
( 54 / 74 )
Chapter 5. Specifications
Vcc=5V
(2) Multiplex Bus Timing
Table 5.3 and Figure 5.2 show the bus timing in memory expansion mode and microprocessor mode (2-wait, accessing
external area, using multiplex bus).
Table 5.3 Memory expansion mode and microprocessor mode (2-wait, accessing external area, using multiplex bus)
Actual MCU [ns]
This product [ns]
Symbol
Item
Min.
Max.
Min.
Max.
td(BCLK-AD)
Address output delay time
25
See left
th(BCLK-AD)
Address output hold time (BCLK standard)
4
See left
th(RD-AD)
Address output hold time (RD standard)
(*1)
See left
th(WR-AD)
Address output hold time (WR standard)
(*1)
See left
td(BCLK-CS)
Chip-select output delay time
25
See left
th(BCLK-CS)
Chip-select output hold time (BCLK standard)
4
See left
th(RD-CS)
Chip-select output hold time (RD standard)
(*1)
See left
th(WR-CS)
Chip-select output hold time (WR standard)
(*1)
See left
td(BCLK-RD)
RD signal output delay time
25
See left
th(BCLK-RD)
RD signal output hold time
0
See left
td(BCLK-WR)
WR signal output delay time
25
See left
th(BCLK-WR)
WR signal output hold time
0
See left
td(BCLK-DB)
Data output delay time (BCLK standard)
40
See left
th(BCLK-DB)
Data output hold time (BCLK standard)
4
See left
td(DB-WR)
Data output delay time (WR standard)
(*2)
See left
th(WR-DB)
Data output hold time (WR standard)
(*1)
See left
td(BCLK-ALE)
ALE output delay time (BCLK standard)
25
See left
th(BCLK-ALE)
ALE output hold time (BCLK standard)
-4
See left
td(AD-ALE)
ALE output delay time (Address standard)
(*3)
See left
th(ALE-AD)
ALE output hold time (Address standard)
(*4)
See left
td(AD-RD)
After address RD signal output delay time
0
See left
td(AD-WR)
After address WR signal output delay time
0
See left
tdz(RD-AD)
Address output floating start time
8
15
*1 Calculated by the following formula according to the frequency of BCLK.
0.5 × 109
− 10 [ns]
f ( BCLK )
*2 Calculated by the following formula according to the frequency of BCLK.
(n − 0.5) × 10 9
f ( BCLK )
− 40
[ns] n: "2" for 2-wait
*3 Calculated by the following formula according to the frequency of BCLK.
0.5 × 10 9
− 25
f ( BCLK )
[ns]
*4 Calculated by the following formula according to the frequency of BCLK.
0.5 ×10 9
− 15 [ns]
f ( BCLK )
( 55 / 74 )
Vcc=5V
Read
tcyc
BCLK
td(BCLK-CS)
th(BCLK-CS)
CSi
ADi
/DBi
th(RD-CS)
tac3(RD-DB)
td(AD-ALE) th(ALE-AD)
Hi-Z
tdz(RD-AD)
tsu(DB-RD)
th(RD-DB)
td(AD-RD)
td(BCLK-AD)
th(BCLK-AD)
ADi
BHE
td(BCLK-ALE)
th(RD-AD)
ALE
th(BCLK-ALE)
td(BCLK-RD)
th(BCLK-RD)
RD
Write
tcyc
BCLK
td(BCLK-CS)
th(BCLK-CS)
CSi
th(WR-CS)
td(AD-ALE) th(ALE-AD)
th(BCLK-DB)
td(BCLK-DB)
ADi
/DBi
td(DB-WR)
td(BCLK-AD)
th(WR-DB)
th(BCLK-AD)
ADi
BHE
td(BCLK-ALE)
th(WR-AD)
ALE
th(BCLK-ALE)
th(BCLK-WR)
td(BCLK-WR)
WR,
WRL,WRH
Figure 5.2 Memory expansion mode and microprocessor mode (2-wait, accessing external area, using multiplex bus)
( 56 / 74 )
Chapter 5. Specifications
Vcc=5V
(3) Timing Requirements
Tables 5.4 and Figure 5.3 list the timing requirements.
Table 5.4 Timing requirements
Symbol
tsu(DB-RD)
tsu(RDY-BCLK)
tsu(HOLD-BCLK)
th(RD-DB)
th(BCLK-RDY)
th(BCLK-HOLD)
td(BCLK-HLDA)
Actual MCU [ns]
Min.
Max.
40
30
40
0
0
0
40
Item
Data input setup time
RDY* input setup time
HOLD* input setup time
Data input hold time
RDY* input hold time
HOLD* input hold time
HLDA* output delay time
This product [ns]
Min.
Max.
55
45
55
See left
See left
See left
See left
Common to "with wait" and "no-wait" (actual MCU)
BCLK
th(BCLK-HOLD)
tsu(HOLD-BCLK)
HOLD input
HLDA output
td(BCLK-HLDA)
P0,P1,P2,P3,P4,
P50–P52
Hi-Z
td(BCLK-HLDA)
Common to "with wait" and "no-wait" (this product)
BCLK
tsu(HOLD-BCLK)
th(BCLK-HOLD)
HOLD input
HLDA output
td(BCLK-HLDA)
P0,P1,P2,P3,P4,
P50–P52
Hi-Z
td(BCLK-HLDA)
Figure 5.3 Timing requirements
* Compared with an actual MCU, this product enters high-impedance state after a 0.5 cycle delay.
( 57 / 74 )
5.3 Connection Diagram
Figures 5.4 shows a connection diagram of the M306NKT-EPB. This connection diagram mainly shows the interface
section. The circuits not connected to the user system such as the emulator's control system are omitted. The signals not
shown in Figure 5.4 connect the evaluation MCU and the user system directly. Tables 5.5 and 5.6 show IC electric
characteristics of this product for reference purposes.
IC20
P67-P60
P77-P70
P84-P80
P97-P90
P117-P110
P127-P120
P137-P130
P141, P140
510kΩ
100Ω
Vcc
P85/NMI*
M16C/6NM
I/O Emulate
P67-P60
P77-P70
P84-P80
P97-P90
P117-P110
P127-P120
P137-P130
P141, P140
P85/NMI*
∗
P86/Xcout
P86/Xcout
74HC4066
510kΩ
Vcc
P87/Xcin
P87/Xcin
74HC4066
Xout
Xout
74HC4066
Vcc
7WH125
AN7-AN0
74HC4066
P107-P100
74HC4066
Pullup resistors indicated by
dashedlines: socket mounted
74HC4066
IC8
R3: 0Ω
Vcc
R2: 0Ω
Vcc
74HC4066
51kΩ
Vcc
51kΩ
Vcc
P07-P00
Port Emulation
FPGA
P27-P20
Vcc
51kΩ
Vcc
∗
P17-P10
P37-P30
P47-P40
P57-P50
CNVss
∗
BYTE
510kΩ
Vcc
510kΩ
Vcc
∗
RESET*
∗
Xin
∗ : Connected to emulator
Figure 5.4 Connection diagram
( 58 / 74 )
User system
51kΩ
∗
Chapter 5. Specifications
Table 5.5 Electrical characteristics of 74HC4066
Symbol
RON
∆RON
IOFF
IIZ
Item
ON resistor
ON resistor difference
Leak current (Off)
Leak current (On, output: open)
Condition
Vcc=4.5V
Vcc=4.5V
Vcc=12.0V
Vcc=12.0V
Min.
-
Standard values
Standard
Max.
96
200
10
±1
±1
Min.
2.0
-0.5
Standard values
Standard
Max.
5.5
0.8
Unit
[Ω]
[µA]
Table 5.6 Electrical characteristics of port emulation EPGA
Symbol
VIH
VIL
VOH
VOL
Item
Condition
"H" level input voltage
"L" level input voltage
"H" level output voltage
"L" level output voltage
IOZ
Leak current (Tristate)
CIN
I/O pin input capacitance
IOH=-8mA DC,
Vcc=4.75V
IOH=-8mA DC,
Vcc=3.00V
IOL=8mA DC,
Vcc=4.75V
IOL=8mA DC,
Vcc=3.00V
Vo=Vcc or GND
VIN=0V,
f=1.0MHz
( 59 / 74 )
Unit
2.4
-
-
2.4
-
-
-
-
0.45
-
-
0.45
-40
-
40
[µA]
-
-
8
[pF]
[V]
5.4 External Dimensions
5.4.1 External Dimensions of the Emulation Probe
Figure 5.5 shows external dimensions of the M306NKT-EPB and M30800T-PTC.
100.0
6NK
10.0
9.5
60.0
21.0
9.5
10.0
34.3
5.5
16.3
10.8
Unit: mm
15.0
15.0
55.0
15.0
Figure 5.5 External dimensions of the emulation probe
( 60 / 74 )
Chapter 5. Specifications
5.4.2 External Dimensions of the Converter Board M30800T-PTC
Figure 5.6 shows external dimensions of the converter board M30800T-PTC (included) for a 100-pin LCC.
55.0
13.5
M30800T-PTC
80
81
50
100
31
C N2
C N1
40.0
51
1
30
MADE IN JAPAN
13.5
When connected to a 100-pin LCC socket
10.8
Figure 5.6 External dimensions of the converter board M30800T-PTC
( 61 / 74 )
16.3
Unit: mm
5.4.3 External Dimensions of the Converter Board M3T-F160-100NSD
Figure 5.7 shows external dimensions and a sample foot pattern of the converter board M3T-F160-100NSD (not
included) for a 100-pin 0.5-mm-pitch LQFP.
55.0
21.8
40a
17.0
13.0
40.0
CN2
25
100
M3T-F160-100NSD REV.A
50
26
51
1
76
75
CN1
CN1 MADE IN JAPAN
40b CN2
40a
40b
0.25
1a
1b
1a
1b
5.3
0.5
16.5
13.0
17.0
Unit: mm
Figure 5.7 External dimensions and a sample foot pattern of the converter board M3T-F160-100NSD
5.4.4 External Dimensions of the Converter Board M3T-F160-128NRD
Figure 5.8 shows external dimensions and a sample foot pattern of the converter board M3T-F160-128NRD (not
included) for a 128-pin 0.5-mm-pitch LQFP.
55.0
21.8
40a
0.25
64
23.1
1a
38
MADE IN JAPAN
1b
1a
1b
1
19.1
CN2
39
CN2
CN1
CN1
128
40.0
103
40b
40a
40b
M3T-F160-128NRD REV.A
102
65
5.3
0.5
16.5
13.1
17.1
Unit: mm
Figure 5.8 External dimensions and a sample foot pattern of the converter board M3T-F160-128NRD
( 62 / 74 )
Chapter 6. Troubleshooting
Chapter 6. Troubleshooting
This chapter describes how to troubleshoot when this product does not work properly.
6.1 Flowchart to Remedy the Troubles .......................................................................................................... 64
6.2 When the Emulator Debugger Does Not Start Up Properly..................................................................... 65
( 63 / 74 )
6.1 Flowchart to Remedy the Troubles
Figure 6.1 shows the flowchart to remedy the troubles from when power to the emulator is activated until the emulator
debugger starts up. For the latest FAQs visit the Renesas Tools Homepage.
http://www.renesas.com/en/tools
Turning on PC7501
Front panel LED
of PC7501
Not normal
1. Check emulator system connections.
See, "3.4 Connecting the PC7501" (page 33).
2. Redownload the firmware.
See "4.2 Downloading Firmware" (page 48).
3. Restart the PC7501 system.
Normal
Init dialog box of emulator
debugger displayed
Not normal/Error displayed
1. Check the operating environment etc. of the emulator
debugger.
See the user's manual of the emulator debugger.
2. Reinstall the emulator debugger.
Normal
MCU Setting dialog box of
emulator debugger displayed
Not normal/Error displayed
See 6.2 (3) MCU Setting Dialog Box Does Not Appear
at Debugger Startup (target not connected) (page 67).
Normal
Program window of
emulator debugger displayed
Error displayed
Normal
See 6.2 (4) Errors Occur at Debugger Startup (target
connected) (page 67).
Emulator debugger startup completed
Figure 6.1 Flowchart to remedy the troubles
( 64 / 74 )
Chapter 6. Troubleshooting
6.2 When the Emulator Debugger Does Not Start Up Properly
(1) When the LEDs of the PC7501 Shows an Error
Table 6.1 Errors LEDs show and their checkpoints
Connection to
Error
the user system
LEDs do not light up.
All LEDs remain lit.
Target Status POWER LED
does not light up.
Target Status CLOCK LED
does not light up.
Connected
Not connected
Connected
Target Status RESET LED
does not go out.
Connected
Checkpoint
Check that the power cable is connected to the PC7501.
See the user's manual of the PC7501.
Check that the connection between the PC7501 and this
product.
See "3.4 Connecting the PC7501" (page 33).
Check that power is properly supplied to the user system and
that the user system is properly grounded.
(1) Check that both the main and sub clocks of the emulator
debugger are not set to "EXT".
See the CLK command of the emulator debugger.
(2) Check that the oscillator circuit board is properly installed
in the emulator and is oscillating.
See "3.1 Selecting Clock Supply" (page 26).
Check that the oscillator circuit in the user system is
oscillating properly.
Check that the reset pin of the user system is pulled up.
( 65 / 74 )
(2) MCU Setting Dialog Box Does Not Appear at Debugger Startup (target connected)
Table 6.2 Checkpoints of errors at debugger startup (target connected)
Error
Checkpoint
Communication error occurred.
Check that all emulator debugger settings, interface cable settings
Data was not sent to the target.
and switches on the rear of the PC7501 match.
See the user's manuals of the PC7501 and emulator debugger.
User system cannot be properly built.
(1) Download the proper firmware.
See "4.2 Downloading Firmware" (page 48).
(2) Check that the connection between the PC7501 and this product.
See "3.4 Connecting the PC7501" (page 33).
M3T-PD30F version is not the same version Download the proper firmware.
as the firmware in the target.
See "4.2 Downloading Firmware" (page 48).
Target MCU is in the reset state.
(1) Check that the reset pin of the user system is pulled up.
(2) Check that the reset pin of the user system has changed from
Low to High level.
Target MCU cannot be reset.
(1) Check that pin NMI* is held High.
(2) If in memory expansion mode or microprocessor mode, check
pins RDY* and HOLD* are held High.
(3) If the reset circuit of the user system has a watchdog timer,
disable the timer.
(4) Check that power is properly supplied to the user system and that
the user system is properly grounded.
Target is in "HOLD" state.
(1) If in memory expansion mode or microprocessor mode, check
pins RDY* and HOLD* are held High.
(2) The MCU is either in stop mode or wait mode. Either reset the
MCU or cancel the mode with an interrupt.
See MCU specifications.
Target clock is stopped.
Check that the oscillator circuit of the user system is oscillating
properly.
Target MCU is not receiving power.
Check that power is properly supplied to the user system and that the
user system is properly grounded.
( 66 / 74 )
Chapter 6. Troubleshooting
(3) MCU Setting Dialog Box Does Not Appear at Debugger Startup (target not connected)
Table 6.3 Checkpoints of errors at debugger startup (target not connected)
Error
Checkpoint
Communication error occurred.
Check that all emulator debugger settings, interface cable settings
Data was not sent to the target.
and switches on the rear of the PC7501 match.
See the user's manuals of the PC7501 and emulator debugger.
User system cannot be properly built.
(1) Download the proper firmware.
See "4.2 Downloading Firmware" (page 48).
(2) Recheck that the connection between the PC7501 and this
product.
See "3.4 Connecting the PC7501" (page 33).
M3T-PD30F version is not the same version Download the proper firmware.
as the firmware in the target.
See "4.2 Downloading Firmware" (page 48).
Target is in HOLD state.
(1) If in memory expansion mode or microprocessor mode, check
pins RDY* and HOLD* are held High.
(2) The MCU is either in stop mode or wait mode. Either reset the
MCU or cancel the mode with an interrupt.
See MCU specifications.
(4) Errors Occur at Debugger Startup (target connected)
Table 6.4 Checkpoints of errors at debugger startup (target connected)
Error
Checkpoint
Target MCU is uncontrollable.
(1) Check that pin NMI* is held High.
(2) If in Memory expansion mode or microprocessor mode, check
that pins RDY* and HOLD* are held High.
( 67 / 74 )
MEMO
( 68 / 74 )
Chapter 7. Maintenance and Guarantee
Chapter 7. Maintenance and Guarantee
This chapter describes how to maintenance, repair provisions and how to request for repair.
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
Maintenance ............................................................................................................................................. 70
Guarantee................................................................................................................................................. 70
Repair Provisions ..................................................................................................................................... 70
How to Request for Repair ....................................................................................................................... 71
( 69 / 74 )
7.1 Maintenance
If dust or dirt collects on any equipment of your emulation system, wipe it off with a dry soft cloth. Do not use thinner
or other solvents because these chemicals can cause the equipment's surface coating to separate.
7.2 Guarantee
If your product becomes faulty within one year after its purchase while being used under good conditions by observing
"Precautions for Safety" described in Chapter 1 of this user's manual, we will repair or replace your faulty product free
of charge. Note, however, that if your product's fault is raised by any one of the following causes, we will repair it or
replace it with new one with extra-charge:
z Misuse, abuse, or use under extraordinary conditions
z Unauthorized repair, remodeling, maintenance, and so on
z Inadequate user's system or misuse of it
z Fires, earthquakes, and other unexpected disasters
In the above cases, contact your local distributor. If your product is being leased, consult the leasing company or the
owner.
7.3 Repair Provisions
(1) Repair with extra-charge
The products elapsed more than one year after purchase can be repaired with extra-charge.
(2) Replacement with extra-charge
If your product's fault falls in any of the following categories, the fault will be corrected by replacing the entire
product instead of repair, or you will be advised to purchase new one, depending on the severity of the fault.
- Faulty or broken mechanical portions
- Flaw, separation, or rust in coated or plated portions
- Flaw or cracks in plastic portions
- Faults or breakage caused by improper use or unauthorized repair or modification
- Heavily damaged electric circuits due to overvoltage, overcurrent or shorting of power supply
- Cracks in the printed circuit board or burnt-down patterns
- Wide range of faults that makes replacement less expensive than repair
- Unlocatable or unidentified faults
(3) Expiration of the repair period
When a period of one year elapses after the model was dropped from production, repairing products of the model
may become impossible.
(4) Transportation fees at sending your product for repair
Please send your product to us for repair at your expense.
( 70 / 74 )
Chapter 7. Maintenance and Guarantee
7.4 How to Make Request for Repair
If your product is found faulty, follow the procedure below to send your product for repair.
Customer
Fill in the Repair Request Sheet included with this product, then send it along with this
product for repair to your local distributor. Make sure that information in the Repair
Request Sheet is written in as much detail as possible to facilitate repair.
Distributor
After checking the contents of fault, the distributor should please send the faulty product
along with the Repair Request Sheet to Renesas Solutions Corp.
Renesas Solutions
When the faulty product is repaired, it will be returned to the customer at the earliest
convenience.
CAUTION
Note on Transporting the Product:
z When sending your product for repair, use the packing box and cushion material supplied with this
product when delivered to you and specify handling caution for it to be handled as precision equipment.
If packing of your product is not complete, it may be damaged during transportation. When you pack
your product in a bag, make sure to use conductive polyvinyl supplied with this product (usually a blue
bag). When you use other bags, they may cause a trouble on your product because of static electricity.
( 71 / 74 )
MEMO
( 72 / 74 )
M306NKT-EPB User’s Manual
Rev.1.00
July 16, 2004
REJ10J0519-0100Z
COPYRIGHT ©2004 RENESAS TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
AND RENESAS SOLUTIONS CORPORATION ALL RIGHTS RESERVED