688-9-S9 \
00.5.25 2:57 PM y [ W 1(2,1)
60F/75A/85A/115B
60F
75A
85A
115B
OWNER’S MANUAL
aper
688-28199-S9
shiro A5
5/30/00 2:20 PM
Page 1
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EMU01419*
TO THE OWNER
Thank you for choosing a Yamaha outboard motor. This Owner’s manual contains information needed for proper operation, maintenance and care. A thorough
understanding of these simple instructions will help you obtain maximum
enjoyment from your new Yamaha. If you
have any question about the operation or
maintenance of your outboard motor,
please consult a Yamaha dealer.
In this Owner’s Manual particularly
important information is distinguished in
the following ways.
Q
The Safety Alert Symbol means
ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT!
YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
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Failure to follow WARNING instructions
could result in severe injury or death to
the machine operator, a bystander, or a
person inspecting or repairing the outboard motor.
cC
A CAUTION indicates special precautions
that must be taken to avoid damage to
the outboard motor.
NOTE:
A NOTE provides key information to make
procedures easier or clearer.
* Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality.
Therefore, while this manual contains
the most current product information
available at the time of printing, there
may be minor discrepancies between
your machine and this manual. If there
is any question concerning this manual,
please consult your Yamaha dealer.
NOTE:
The 60FET, 75AED, 115BET and their standard accessories are used as a base for
the explanations and illustrations in this
manual. Therefore, some items may not
apply to every model.
EMU00002*
60F/75A/85A/115B
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2000 by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
1st Edition, April 2000
All rights reserved. Any reprinting or
unauthorized use without the written
permission of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan
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Page 3
CONTENTS
E
GENERAL INFORMATION
1
BASIC COMPONENTS
2
OPERATION
3
MAINTENANCE
4
TROUBLE RECOVERY
5
INDEX
6
READ THIS OWNER’S MANUAL CAREFULLY
BEFORE OPERATING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR.
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EMB00010
Chapter 1
GENERAL
INFORMATION
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS RECORD ..1-1
Outboard motor serial number...........1-1
Key number...........................................1-1
EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION...1-2
1
2
SAFETY INFORMATION..........................1-3
FUELING INSTRUCTIONS.......................1-5
Gasoline (Petrol) ...................................1-6
Engine oil...............................................1-6
BATTERY REQUIREMENT.......................1-7
3
PROPELLER SELECTION .........................1-7
START-IN-GEAR PROTECTION ..............1-8
4
5
6
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EMU00005
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
RECORD
EMU00007
OUTBOARD MOTOR SERIAL
NUMBER
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
MADE IN JAPAN
PAYS D'ORIGINE JAPON
1
401012
The outboard motor serial number is
stamped on the label attached to the port
side of the clamp-bracket.
Record your outboard motor serial number in the spaces provided to assist you in
ordering spare parts from your Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case your outboard motor is stolen.
1 Outboard motor serial number
EMU00008
KEY NUMBER
If a main key switch is equipped with the
motor, the key identification number is
stamped on your key as shown in the
illustration. Record this number in the
space provided for reference in case you
need a new key.
YAMAHA
q
123
1 Key number
904011*
1-1
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60/75/85
EMU01385
EMISSION CONTROL
INFORMATION
q
EMU01390
U.S. INSULAR AREAS
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Engines affixed with the label pictured
below conform to U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) regulations for
marine SI engines. See the label affixed to
your engine for details.
1 Emission control information label
EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION
ENGINE FAMILY :
THIS ENGINE CONFORMS TO 2001 U.S. EPA REGULATIONS FOR MARINE SI ENGINES.
rpm IN NEUTRAL
g/kw-hr
IDLE SPEED :
FELs :
SPARK PLUG GAP (mm) :
SPARK PLUG :
Approval label of Emission control
certificate
This label is attached to the bottom cowling.
Existing Technology ; N/A
2 Manufactured date label
Manufactured:
Manufactured date label
This label is attached to the clamp bracket
or the swivel bracket.
1-2
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EMU00918
SAFETY
Q INFORMATION
8 Before mounting or operating the outboard motor, read this entire manual.
Reading it should give you an understanding of the motor and its operation.
8 Before operating the boat, read any
owner’s or operator’s manuals supplied
with it and all labels. Be sure you understand each item before operating.
8 Do not overpower the boat with this
outboard motor. Overpowering the
boat could result in loss of control. The
rated power of the outboard should be
equal to or less than the rated horsepower capacity of the boat. If the rated
horsepower capacity of the boat is
unknown, consult the dealer or boat
manufacturer.
8 Do not modify the outboard. Modifications could make the motor unfit or
unsafe to use.
8 Never operate after drinking alcohol or
taking drugs. About 50% of all boating
fatalities involve intoxication.
8 Have an approved personal flotation
device (PFD) on board for every occupant. It is a good idea to wear a PFD
whenever boating. At a minimum, children and non-swimmers should always
wear PFDs, and everyone should wear
PFDs when there are potentially hazardous boating conditions.
8 Gasoline (Petrol) is highly flammable,
and its vapors are flammable and
explosive. Handle and store gasoline
(Petrol) carefully. Make sure there are
no gas fumes or leaking fuel before
starting the engine.
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8 This product emits exhaust gases which
contain carbon monoxide, a colorless,
odorless gas which may cause brain
damage or death when inhaled. Symptoms include nausea, dizziness, and
drowsiness. Keep cockpit and cabin
areas well ventilated. Avoid blocking
exhaust outlets.
8 Check throttle, shift, and steering for
proper operation before starting the
engine.
8 Attach the engine stop switch lanyard
to a secure place on your clothing, or
your arm or leg while operating. If you
accidentally leave the helm, the lanyard
will pull from the switch, stopping the
engine.
8 Know the marine laws and regulations
where you will be boating - and obey
them.
8 Stay informed about the weather.
Check weather forecasts before boating.
Avoid boating in hazardous weather.
8 Tell someone where you are going:
leave a Float Plan with a responsible
person. Be sure to cancel the Float Plan
when you return.
8 Use common sense and good judgment
when boating. Know your abilities, and
be sure you understand how your boat
handles under the different boating
conditions you may encounter. Operate
within your limits, and the limits of your
boat. Always operate at safe speeds,
and keep a careful watch for obstacles
and other traffic.
8 Always watch carefully for swimmers
during the engine operation.
8 Stay away from swimming areas.
8 When a swimmer is in the water near
you shift into neutral and shut off the
engine.
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EMU00016
FUELING INSTRUCTIONS
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GASOLINE AND ITS VAPORS ARE HIGHLY FLAMMABLE AND EXPLOSIVE!
8 Do not smoke when refueling, and
keep away from sparks, flames, or
other sources of ignition.
8 Stop engine before refueling.
8 Refuel in a well-ventilated area. Refuel
portable fuel tanks off the boat.
8 Take care not to spill gasoline. If gasoline spills, wipe it up immediately with
dry rags.
8 Do not overfill the fuel tank.
8 Tighten the filler cap securely after
refueling.
8 If you should swallow some gasoline
inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get
gasoline in your eyes, get immediate
medical attention.
8 If any gasoline spills onto your skin,
immediately wash with soap and
water. Change clothing if gasoline spills
on it.
8 Touch the fuel nozzle to the filler opening or funnel to help prevent electrostatic sparks.
cC
Use only new clean gasoline which has
been stored in clean containers and is not
contaminated with water or foreign matter.
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EMU00024
GASOLINE (PETROL)
Recommended gasoline (petrol):
Regular grade gasoline (petrol)
If knocking or pinging occurs, use a different brand of gasoline (petrol) or premium
grade fuel.
EEMU01356
ENGINE OIL
Recommended engine oil:
YAMALUBE, TWO STROKE MOTOR
OIL FOR MARINE
If the recommended engine oil is not
available, another 2-stroke engine oil with
a NMMA-certified TC-W3 rating may be
used.
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EMU00032
BATTERY REQUIREMENT
cC
Do not use the battery that does not
meet the specified capacity. If different
battery from the specification is used, the
electric system may perform poorly or be
overloaded, causing electrical system
damage.
Choose battery which meets the following
specifications for Electric start model.
Battery capacity :
12V, 70~100Ah (252~360kc)
EMU01395
PROPELLER SELECTION
The performance of your outboard motor
will be critically affected by your choice of
propeller, as an incorrect choice could
adversely affect performance and could
also seriously damage the motor. Engine
speed depends on the propeller size and
boat load. If engine speed is too high or
too low for good engine performance,
this will have an adverse effect on the
engine.
Yamaha outboard motors are fitted with
propellers chosen to perform well over a
range of applications, but there may be
uses where a propeller with a different
pitch would be more appropriate. For a
greater operating load, a smaller-pitch
propeller is more suitable as it enables
the correct engine speed to be maintained. Conversely, a larger-pitch propeller is more suitable for a smaller operating load.
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Yamaha dealers stock a range of propellers, and can advise you and install a
propeller on your outboard that is best
suited to your application.
NOTE:
At full throttle and under a maximum
boat load, the engine’s rpm should be
within the upper half of the full throttle
operating range, as listed in “SPECIFICATIONS” on page 4-1. Select a propeller
which fulfills this requirement.
If operating under conditions which allow
the engine’s rpm to rise above the maximum recommended range (such as light
boat loads), reduce the throttle setting to
maintain the rpm in the proper operating
range.
13 x 17 - K
q we
000933
1 Propeller diameter (in inches)
2 Propeller pitch (in inches)
3 Type of propeller (propeller mark)
Refer to the section “CHECKING PROPELLER” for instructions on propeller
removal and installation.
EMU01208
START-IN-GEAR PROTECTION
q
000376
Yamaha outboard motors which have the
pictured label 1 affixed to them or Yamaha approved remote control units are
equipped with start-in-gear protection
device(s). This feature permits the engine
to be started only when it is Neutral.
Always select Neutral before starting the
engine.
1-8
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-MEMO-
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EMC00010
Chapter 2
BASIC COMPONENTS
MAIN COMPONENTS..............................2-1
OPERATIONS OF CONTROLS AND
OTHER FUNCTIONS ................................2-3
Fuel tank ................................................2-3
Remote control .....................................2-4
Choke knob ...........................................2-8
Trim tab .................................................2-8
Trim angle adjusting rod .....................2-9
Tachometer ...........................................2-9
Trim meter ............................................2-9
Tilt lock mechanism .............................2-9
Tilt support lever ................................2-10
Top cowling lock levers .....................2-10
WARNING SYSTEM ..............................2-11
Overheat warning...............................2-11
1
2
3
4
5
6
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EMU01206
MAIN COMPONENTS
60/75/85
!3
q
!2
701016
!1
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!4
!5
3
e
4
5
2
6
1
r
t
y
!0
x1000 r/min
YAMAHA
801023
!6
u
o
7
YAMAHA
801011
i
101181*
902016
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
q
w
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*r
*t
y
Top cowling
Tilt support lever
Clamp bracket
Trim angle adjusting rod
Anti-cavitation plate
Trim tab (Anode)
Propeller
Cooling water inlet
Battery lead
Anode
Choke knob
Cowling lock lever
Remote control box
Trim meter
Tachometer
Fuel tank
* May not be exactly as shown; also may not
be included as standard equipment on all
models.
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EMU01206
MAIN COMPONENTS
115
!0
q
o
701016
!1
!2
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3
4
5
2
6
1
x1000 r/min
7
YAMAHA
801011
i
e
r
y
u
YAMAHA
801023
!3
t
101192
902016
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
q
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e
Top cowling
Tilt support lever
Anti-cavitation plate
Trim tab (Anode)
Propeller
Cooling water inlet
Battery lead
Anode
Cowling lock lever
Remote control box
Trim meter
Tachometer
Fuel tank
* May not be exactly as shown; also may not
be included as standard equipment on all
models.
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EMC20010
OPERATIONS OF CONTROLS
AND
OTHER FUNCTIONS
EMC21012
FUEL TANK
If your model was equipped with a
portable fuel tank, its function is as follows.
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q
e
r
902016
1
2
3
4
Fuel hose joint
Fuel meter(If equipped)
Fuel tank cap
Air vent screw(If equipped)
Fuel hose joint
This connector is provided for connecting
or disconnecting fuel hose.
Fuel meter (If equipped)
This meter is on the fuel hose connector.
It shows current fuel quantity in the fuel
tank approximately.
Fuel tank cap
This cap is for filling fuel. To remove it,
turn it counterclockwise.
Air Vent screw (If equipped)
This screw is on the fuel tank cap. To
loosen it, turn it counterclockwise.
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EMC81210
REMOTE CONTROL
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q
Both the shifter and the throttle are actuated by the remote control lever. In addition, this remote control also has the electrical switches.
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r
t
u
701011*
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F
r
Nq
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Remote control lever
Neutral interlock trigger
Neutral throttle lever
Main switch / Choke switch
Engine stop lanyard switch
Power trim and tilt switch
Throttle friction adjusting screw
Remote control lever
Moving the lever forward from the Neutral position engages Forward gear.
Pulling the lever back from Neutral
engages Reverse. The engine will continue to run at idle until the lever is moved
about 35° (a detent can be felt). Moving
the lever farther opens the throttle, and
the engine will begin to accelerate.
r Re
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t
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t
u
u
701031
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Neutral
Forward
Reverse
Shift
Fully closed
Throttle
Fully open
Neutral interlock trigger
To shift out of Neutral, the neutral interlock trigger of the remote control lever
must first be pulled up.
701036
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N
Neutral throttle lever
To open the throttle without shifting into
either Forward or Reverse, place the
remote control lever in the Neutral position and lift the neutral throttle lever.
q
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701033*
NOTE:
The neutral throttle lever will operate only
when the remote control lever is in Neutral. The remote control lever will operate
only when the neutral throttle lever is in
the closed position.
1 Fully open
2 Fully closed
EMC48110
OFF
ON
START
701021
Main switch
The main switch controls the ignition system; its operation is described below.
8 OFF
Electrical circuits switched off.
(The key can be removed.)
8 ON
Electrical circuits switched on.
(The key cannot be removed.)
8 START
Starter-motor will turn and start engine.
(When the key is released, it returns automatically to “ON”.)
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EMC50310
OFF
ON
START
Choke switch
While the main switch is being pressed in
at “ON” or “START”, the choke system
will switch on, to supply a rich mixture
required to start the engine. (When the
key is released, it will switch off automatically.)
701042
EMU00934
OFF
ON
START
q
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701026*
Engine Stop Lanyard Switch
The lock-plate 1 must be attached to the
engine stop lanyard switch for the engine
to run. The lanyard 2 should be attached
to a secure place on the operator’s clothing, or arm or leg. Should the operator fall
overboard or leave the helm, the lanyard
will pull out the lock plate, stopping ignition to the engine. This will prevent the
boat from running away under power.
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8 Attach the lanyard to a secure place on
your clothing, your arm or leg while
operating.
8 Do not attach the lanyard to clothing
that could tear loose. Do not route the
lanyard in such a way that it could
become entangled, preventing it from
functioning.
8 Avoid accidentally pulling the lanyard
during normal operation. Loss of
engine power means the loss of most
steering control. Also, without engine
power, the boat could slow rapidly.
This could cause people and objects in
the boat to be thrown forward.
NOTE:
The engine cannot be started with the
lock-plate removed.
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EMU01331
UP
DN
UP
DN
701034
Power Trim/Tilt Switch
The power trim/tilt adjusts the motor
angle in relation to the transom. The
power trim/tilt switch is located on the
remote control lever grip. Pushing the
switch “UP” trims the motor up, then tilts
the motor up. Pressing the switch “DN”
tilts the motor down and trims the motor
down. When the switch button is
released, the motor will stop in its current
position.
NOTE:
Refer to the sections “ADJUSTING TRIM
ANGLE” and “TILTING UP/DOWN” in
Chapter 3 for instructions on usage.
EMU00107
Throttle Friction Adjusting Screw
A friction device in the remote control box
provides resistance to movement of the
remote control lever. This is adjustable for
operator preference. An adjusting screw
is located at the front of the remote control box.
701035
Resistance
Screw
Increase
Turn clockwise
Decrease
Turn counterclockwise
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Do not overtighten the friction adjusting
screw. If there is too much resistance, it
may be difficult to move the lever, which
could result in an accident.
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EMC42010
CHOKE KNOB
Pulling out this knob (setting it to ON)
supplies a rich mixture required to start
the engine.
305034
NOTE:
The choke knob for Remote control model
has the same function as the choke switch
on the remote control box.
EMD04011
TRIM TAB
The trim tab should be adjusted so that
the steering control can be turned to
either the right or left by
applying the same amount of force.
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An improperly adjusted trim tab may
cause difficult steering. Always test run
after the trim tab has be installed or
replaced to be sure steering is correct. Be
sure you have tightened the bolt after
adjusting the trim tab.
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B
1 Trim tab
2 Bolt
3 Cap
A
Boat tends to
603014*
The rear end of trim tab
veer
To the left
Turn the left (port side),
(port side)
“A” in the figure
To the right
Turn the right (starboard side),
(starboard side)
”B” in the figure
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The trim tab also serves as an anode to
protect the engine from electroche mical
corrosion.
Never paint the trim tab as it will become
ineffective as an anode.
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EMD06011
TRIM ANGLE ADJUSTING ROD
60/75/85
The outboard motor fully trim-in angle
setting in relation to the transam can be
adjusted by changing the position of the
trim angle adjusting-rod.
EMD24110
404016
TACHOMETER
This meter shows the engine speed.
EMD26010
3
TRIM METER (for Power trim and tilt
model)
4
5
2
This meter shows the trim angle of your
outboard.
6
1
x1000 r/min
7
YAMAHA
801023
NOTE:
Memorize the trim angles that work best
for your boat under different conditions.
Adjust the trim angle to the desired setting by operating the power trim and tilt
switch.
EMU00154
TILT LOCK MECHANISM (for Hydrotilt model)
YAMAHA
801011
Tilt-lock mechanism is used to prevent
reverse thrust from the propeller lifting
the outboard motor when reversing. To
lock it, set the tilt-lock lever in the Lock
position. To release it, place the tilt-lock
lever in the Tilt position.
1 Tilt-lock lever
q
402041*
NOTE:
The tilt-lock mechanism on the hydro-tilt
model can be used to keep the outboard
motor at a slightly tilted angle for shallow
water cruising. Refer to CRUISING IN
SHALLOW WATER for the correct operation.
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EMD60010
TILT SUPPORT LEVER
To keep the outboard motor in the tiltedup position, lock the tilt support lever to
the clamp bracket.
403011*
EMD63110
TOP COWLING LOCK LEVERS
301042
To remove the engine top cowling, pull
up the front lock lever and push the rear
lock lever(s) down. Then lift off the cowling. When replacing the cowling, check to
be sure it fits properly in the rubber seal.
Then lock the cowling again by returning
the levers to the locked position.
60/75/85
301041
115
301043
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EMD80010
WARNING SYSTEM
cC
Do not continue to operate the engine if
the warning device has activated. Consult
your Yamaha dealer if the problem can
not be located and corrected.
EMD82211
OVERHEAT WARNING
This engine has an overheat warning
device. If the engine temperature rises too
high, the warning device will activate.
701054
8 Engine speed will be limited to about
2,000 r/min to help protect the engine.
8 The buzzer in the remote control
box/switch panel will sound.
If the warning system has been activated,
stop the engine and check the water inlet
for clogging.
605015
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EMF00010
Chapter 3
OPERATION
INSTALLATION ........................................3-1
Mounting the outboard motor............3-2
FILLING FUEL AMD ENGINE OIL ...........3-4
Filling fuel..............................................3-4
Gasoline (petrol) and oil mixing .........3-4
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ......................3-6
BREAKING IN (RUNNING IN) ENGINE ..3-7
1
2
3
STARTING ENGINE .................................3-9
WARMING UP ENGINE .........................3-13
SHIFTING ................................................3-14
Forward ...............................................3-14
Reverse................................................3-14
STOPPING ENGINE ...............................3-15
TRIMMING OUTBOARD MOTOR.........3-16
Adjusting trim angle ..........................3-17
TILTING UP/DOWN ...............................3-20
4
5
CRUISING IN OTHER CONDITIONS.....3-24
Cruising in salt water .........................3-24
Cruising in turbid water.....................3-24
6
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EMF10010
INSTALLATION
cC
Incorrect engine height or obstructions to
smooth water flow (such as the design or
condition of the boat or accessories such
as transom ladders/depth finder transducers) can create airborne water spray
while the boat is cruising. Severe engine
damage may result if the motor is operated continuously in the presence of airborne water spray.
NOTE:
During water testing check the buoyancy
of the boat, at rest, with its maximum
load. Check that the static water level on
the exhaust housing is low enough to prevent water entry into the powerhead,
when water rises due to waves when the
outboard is not running.
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EMF12011
MOUNTING THE OUTBOARD
MOTOR
w
Improper mounting of the outboard
motor could result in hazardous conditions such as poor handling, loss of control, or fire hazards. Observe the following:
8 The information presented in this section is intended as reference only. It is
not possible to provide complete
instructions
for
every
possible
boat/motor
combination.
Proper
mounting depends in part on experience and the specific boat/motor combination.
8 Your dealer or other person experienced in proper rigging should mount
the motor. If you are mounting the
motor yourself, you should be trained
by an experienced person. [permanent
mounted type]
8 Your dealer or other person experienced in proper outboard motor
mounting should show you how to
mount your motor. [portable type]
Mount the outboard motor on the center
line (keel line) of the boat, and ensure that
the boat itself is well balanced. Otherwise,
the boat will be hard to steer. For boats
without a keel or which are asymmetrical,
consult your dealer.
1 Center line (keel line)
q
104011
3-2
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w
Overpowering a boat may cause severe
instability. Do not install an outboard
motor with more horsepower than the
maximum rating on the capacity plate of
the boat. If the boat does not have a
capacity plate, consult the boat manufacturer.
EMU01299
104012
Mounting Height
To run your boat at optimum efficiency,
the water-resistance (drag) of the boat
and outboard motor must be made as little as possible. The mounting-height of
the outboard motor greatly affects the
water-resistance. If the mounting-height
is too high, cavitation tends to occur, thus
reducing the propulsion; and if the propeller tips cut the air, the engine speed
will rise abnormally and cause the engine
to overheat. If the mounting-height is too
low, the water-resistance will increase
and thereby reduce engine efficiency.
Mount the engine so that the anti-cavitation plate is in alignment with the bottom
of the boat .
NOTE:
8 The optimum mounting height of the
outboard motor is affected by the
boat/motor combination. Test runs at
different heights can help determine the
optimum mounting height.
8 Refer to the section “TRIMMING OUTBOARD MOTOR” for instructions on
setting the trim angle of the outboard.
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EMF31010
FILLING FUEL AND
ENGINE OIL
FILLING FUEL
1)
2)
3)
Remove the fuel tank cap.
Fill the fuel tank carefully.
Close the cap securely after refueling.
Wipe up any spilled fuel.
Fuel tank capacity:
Refer to SPECIFICATIONS, Page 4-1.
EMU00201
GASOLINE (PETROL) AND OIL
MIXING
q
Pre-mix model
Engine oil : Gasoline (Petrol)
1)
w
Break-in period
1 : 25
After break-in
1 : 50
Pour oil and gasoline into the fuel
tank, in that order.
1 Engine oil
2 Gasoline (Petrol)
2)
3)
902031
3-4
Then mix the fuel thoroughly by shaking.
Make sure the oil is mixed with gasoline .
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cC
8 Avoid using any oil other than the designated type.
8 Use a thoroughly blended fuel-oil mixture.
8 If the mixture is not thoroughly blended, or if the mixing ratio is incorrect,
the following problems could occur:
8 Low oil ratio: Lack of oil could cause
major engine trouble, such as piston
seizure.
8 High oil ratio: Too much oil could
cause fouled spark plugs, smoky
exhaust, and heavy carbon deposits.
Mixing ratio
25 : 1
Gasoline (Petrol)
1L
12 L
14 L
24 L
(0.26 US gal, (3.2 US gal, (3.7 US gal, (6.3 US gal,
0.22 Imp gal) 2.6 Imp gal) 3.1 Imp gal) 5.3 Imp gal)
Engine oil
0.04 L
0.48 L
0.56 L
0.96 L
(0.04 US qt, (0.51 US qt, (0.59 US qt, (1.01 US qt,
0.04 Imp qt) 0.42 Imp qt) 0.49 Imp qt) 0.84 Imp qt)
Mixing ratio
50 : 1
Gasoline (Petrol)
1L
12 L
14 L
24 L
(0.26 US gal, (3.2 US gal, (3.7 US gal, (6.3 US gal,
0.22 Imp gal) 2.6 Imp gal) 3.1 Imp gal) 5.3 Imp gal)
Engine oil
0.02 L
0.24 L
0.28 L
0.48 L
(0.02 US qt, (0.26 US qt, (0.30 US qt, (0.51 US qt,
0.02 Imp qt) 0.21 Imp qt) 0.24 Imp qt) 0.42 Imp qt)
NOTE:
If using a permanently installed tank, pour
the oil gradually as the fuel is being
added to the tank.
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EMF40110
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
w
If any item in the pre-operation check is
not working properly, have it inspected
and repaired before operating the outboard motor. Otherwise, an accident
could occur.
Fuel
Check to be sure you have plenty of fuel
for your trip. Make sure there are no fuel
leaks or gasoline fumes.
Be sure the fuel hose is not being flattened or kinked by objects in the boat,
and that there are no sharp objects near
it.
Oil
Check to be sure you have plenty of oil for
your trip.
Controls
Check throttle, shift, and steering for
proper operation before starting the
engine.
The controls should work smoothly, without binding or unusual free play. Look for
loose or damaged connections.
Check operation of the starter and stop
switches when the outboard moter is in
the water.
Engine
Check the engine and engine mounting.
Look for loose or damaged fasteners.
Check the propeller for damage.
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cC
Do not start the engine out of water.
Overheating and serious engine damage
can occur.
EMF50011
BREAKING IN (RUNNING IN)
ENGINE
Your new engine requires a period of
break-in (running-in) to allow mating surfaces of moving parts to wear-in evenly.
Correct break-in (running-in) will help
ensure proper performance and longer
engine life.
cC
Failure to follow the break-in (running-in)
procedure may result in reduced engine
life or even severe engine damage.
Break-in (running-in) time:
10 hours
Break-in (running-in) premix ratio:
Refer to “Gasoline/Petrol and Oil
Mixing”.
3-7
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EMU00226
Run the engine under load (in gear with a
propeller installed) as follows.
1) First 10 minutes:
Run the engine at the lowest possible-speed. A fast idle in neutral is
best.
2) Next 50 minutes:
Do not exceed half throttle (approximately 3,000 r/min). Vary engine
speed occasionally. If you have an
easy-planing boat, accelerate at full
throttle onto plane, then immediately
reduce the throttle to 3,000 r/min or
less.
3) Second hour:
Accelerate at full throttle onto plane,
then reduce engine speed to threequarter throttle (approximately 4,000
r/min). Vary engine speed occasionally. Run at full throttle for one minute,
then allow about 10 minutes of operation at three-quarter throttle or less to
let the engine cool.
4) Third through tenth hours:
Avoid operating at full throttle for
more than 5 minutes at a time. Let the
engine cool between full-throttle runs.
Vary engine speed occasionally.
5) After the first 10 hours:
Operate the engine normally. Use the
standard premix ratio of gasoline :
Oil. (Refer to “Gasoline/Petrol and Oil
Mixing”.)
3-8
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EMU01147
STARTING ENGINE
w
902043
8 Before starting the engine, make sure
that the boat is tightly moored and that
you can steer clear of any obstructions.
Be sure there are no swimmers in the
water near you.
8 When the air vent screw is loosened,
gasoline (petrol) vapor will be released.
Gasoline (petrol) is highly flammable,
and its vapors are flammable and
explosive. Refrain from smoking, and
keep away from open flames and
sparks while loosening the air vent
screw.
8 This product emits exhaust gases
which contain carbon monoxide, a colorless, odorless gas which may cause
brain damage or death when inhaled.
Symptoms include nausea, dizziness,
and drowsiness. Keep cockpit and
cabin areas well ventilated. Avoid
blocking exhaust outlets.
1)
902023
If there is an air vent screw on the fuel
tank cap, loosen it 2 or 3 turns.
2) If there is a fuel joint on the motor,
firmly connect the fuel line to the
joint. Then firmly connect the other
end of the fuel line to the joint on the
fuel tank.
NOTE:
During engine operation place the tank
horizontally, or fuel cannot be drawn into
the engine.
304034*
3-9
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3)
902025
Squeeze the primer bulb with the outlet end up until you feel it become
firm.
EMU00247
PROCEDURE FOR REMOTE CONTROL MODEL
N
4)
Place the remote control lever in the
Neutral position.
NOTE:
The start-in-gear protection device prevents the engine from starting except
when in Neutral.
701015
OFF
ON
5)
START
Attach the engine stop switch lanyard
to a secure place on your clothing, or
your arm or leg. Then, install the lock
plate on the other end of the lanyard
in the engine stop switch.
w
701026
8 Attach the engine stop switch lanyard
to a secure place on your clothing, your
arm or leg while operating.
8 Do not attach the lanyard to clothing
that could tear loose. Do not route the
lanyard where it could become entangled, preventing from functioning.
8 Avoid accidentally pulling the lanyard
during normal operation. Loss of
engine power means the loss of most
steering control. Also, without engine
power, the boat could slow rapidly.
This could cause people and objects in
the boat to be thrown forward.
6)
3-10
Turn the main switch to “ON”.
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EMU00945*
701063
Electric Start Model
7) Open the throttle slightly lifting the
neutral throttle lever upwards partially. You may need to change the throttle opening slightly depending on
engine temperature.
After the engine starts, return the
throttle to the original position.
NOTE:
8 As a starting point, lift the lever just
until you feel resistance, then lift slightly more.
8 The operation of the neutral throttle
lever is possible only when the remote
control lever is in “N”.
8)
OFF
ON
START
Press in and hold the main switch to
operate the remote choke system.
(The remote choke switch returns to
its home position when you release
your hand. Therefore, keep the switch
pressed in.)
NOTE:
8 It is not necessary to use the choke
when the engine is warm.
8 Set the choke knob to the home position, or the remote choke system will
not operate.
701042
9)
OFF
ON
START
Turn the main switch to “START”,
and hold it for a maximum of 5 seconds.
10) Immediately after the engine starts,
release the main switch to return it to
“ON”.
701041
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cC
8 Do not turn the main switch to
“START” when the engine is running.
8 Do not keep the starter-motor turning
for more than 5 seconds. The battery
will rapidly become exhausted and it
will be impossible for it to start the
engine. If the engine does not start
within 5 seconds, return the main
switch to “ON”, wait 10 seconds, and
then crank the engine again.
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EMG00010
WARMING UP ENGINE
1)
2)
309014
Before beginning operation, allow the
engine to warm up at idling speed for
3 minutes. (Failure to do this will
shorten engine life.)
Check for a steady flow of water from
the cooling-water pilot hole.
cC
A continuous flow of water from the pilot
hole shows that the water pump is
pumping water through the cooling passages. If water is not flowing out of the
pilot hole at all times while the engine is
running, do not continue to run the
engine. Overheating and serious damage
could occur. Stop the engine and check
to see if the water inlet on the lower casing is blocked. If the problem cannot be
found and corrected, consult your Yamaha dealer.
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EMG20310
SHIFTING
w
Before shifting, make sure there are no
swimmers or obstacles in the water near
you.
cC
To change the shifting position from forward to reverse or vice-versa, close the
throttle first so that the engine idles (or
runs at low speeds).
N
F
FORWARD
701043
N
Pull up the neutral interlock trigger (If
equipped) and move the remote control
lever quickly and firmly from Neutral to
Forward.
REVERSE
R
Pull up the neutral interlock trigger (If
equipped) and move the remote control
lever quickly and firmly from Neutral to
Reverse.
w
701044
When operating in Reverse, go slowly. Do
not open the throttle more than half. Otherwise, the boat may become unstable,
which could result in loss of control and
an accident.
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EMG38010
STOPPING ENGINE
Let it cool off for a few minutes at idle or
low speed first. Stopping the engine
immediately after operating at high speed
is not recommended.
EMG41211
PROCEDURE
ON
OFF
START
1)
701023
Turn the main switch to “OFF”.
NOTE:
The engine can also be stopped by
pulling the lanyard from the engine stop
switch (then turning the main switch to
“OFF”).
2)
If the fuel joints are provided, disconnect the fuel line from the motor after
stopping the engine.
3)
Tighten the air vent screw on the fuel
tank cap after stopping the engine, if
it is equipped.
Remove the key if the boat will be left
unattended.
304034*
4)
902044
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EMU01412
TRIMMING OUTBOARD
MOTOR
The trim angle of the outboard motor
helps determine the position of the bow
of the boat in the water. The correct trim
angle will help improve performance and
fuel economy while reducing strain on the
engine. The correct trim angle depends
upon the combination of boat, engine,
and propeller. Correct trim is also affected
by variables such as the load in the boat,
sea conditions, and running speed.
w
Excessive trim for the operating conditions (either trim up or trim down) can
cause boat instability and can make
steering the boat more difficult. This
increases the possibility of an accident. If
the boat begins to feel unstable or is hard
to steer, slow down and/or readjust the
trim angle.
q
000862
NOTE:
Refer to the section “ADJUSTING TRIM
ANGLE” for instructions on usage.
1 Trim operating angle
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ADJUSTING TRIM ANGLE
EMU01145
Hydro-tilt Model
w
8 Stop the engine before adjusting the
trim angle.
8 Be sure all people are clear of the outboard motor when adjusting the tilt
angle, also be careful not to pinch any
body parts between the drive unit and
clamp bracket.
8 Use caution when trying a trim position
for the first time. Increase speed gradually and watch for any signs of instability or control problems. Improper trim
angle can cause loss of control.
402042
1)
2)
3)
4)
Stop the engine.
Place the tilt-lock lever in the release
position.
Hold the rear of the top cowling with
one hand and tilt the engine to the
desired angle.
Place the tilt-lock lever back into the
lock position to support the engine.
To raise the bow (“trim-out”), tilt the
engine up.
To lower the bow (“trim-in”), tilt the
engine down.
Make test runs with the trim set to different angles to find the position that works
best for your boat and operating conditions.
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EMU01401
Power Trim/Tilt Model
w
UP
DN
8 Be sure all people are clear of the outboard motor when adjusting the
trim/tilt angle, also be careful not to
pinch any body parts between the drive
unit and clamp bracket.
8 Use caution when trying a trim position
for the first time. Increase speed gradually and watch for any signs of instability or control problems.
8 Use the power trim/tilt switch located
on the bottom engine cowling (if
equipped) only when the boat is at a
complete stop with the engine off.
UP
DN
q
701034*
The outboard motor trim angle can be
adjusted operating the power trim/tilt
switch 1.
To raise the bow (“trim-out”), push the
switch UP.
To lower the bow (“trim-in”), push the
switch DN.
Make test runs with the trim set to different angles to find the position that works
best for your boat and operating conditions.
NOTE:
To adjust the trim angle while the boat is
moving, use the power trim and tilt
switch located on the remote control
device or tiller handle, if so equipped.
3-18
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EMU00282
Bow Up
When the boat is on plane, a bow-up attitude result in less drag, greater stability
and efficiency. This is generally when the
keel line of the boat is up about 3 to 5
degrees. When trimmed out, the boat
may have more tendency to steer to one
side or the other. Compensate for this as
you steer. The trim tab can also be adjusted to help offset this effect.
q
105011
w
Too much trim-out puts the bow of the
boat too high in the water. Performance
and economy are decreased because the
hull of the boat is pushing the water and
there is more air drag.
Excessive trim-up can cause the propeller
to ventilate, which reduces performance
further. When trimmed-out too much, a
boat may “porpoise” (hop in the water),
which could throw the operator and passengers overboard.
EMU00283
Bow Down
When the bow of the boat is down, it is
easier to accelerate from a standing start
onto plane.
105013
e
105015
Too much trim-in causes the boat to
“plow” through the water, decreasing
fuel economy and making in hard to
increase speed.
Operating with excessive trim-in at higher
speeds also makes the boat unstable.
Resistance at the bow is greatly
increased, heightening the danger of
“bow steering” and making operation difficult and dangerous.
1 Bow up
2 Bow down
3 Optimum angle
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EMH10110
TILTING UP/DOWN
000817
If the engine will be stopped for some
time, or if the boat is moored in shallows,
the engine should be tilted up to protect
the propeller and casing from damage by
collision with obstructions, and also to
reduce salt corrosion.
cC
8 Before tilting the motor, follow the procedures under “STOPPING ENGINE”.
Never tilt the motor while the engine is
running. Severe damage from overheating can result.
8 Do not tilt up the engine by pushing
the steering handle as this could break
the handle.
8 Keep the power unit higher than the
propeller at all times. Otherwise, water
can run into the cylinder, causing damage.
w
Be sure all people are clear of the outboard motor when adjusting the tilt
angle, also be careful not to pinch any
body parts between the drive unit and
engine bracket.
w
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard. Disconnect
the fuel line if the engine will be tilted for
more than a few minutes. Otherwise, fuel
may leak. (If the fuel connector is provided on the motor.)
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EMU00292
PROCEDURE FOR TILTING UP
Hydro-tilt model
1)
Remove the fuel-line connection from
the motor.
2)
Place the tilt-lock lever in the release
position.
3)
Hold the rear of the top cowling with
one hand, tilt the engine up, and turn
the tilt-support lever toward you and
support the engine.
304034*
402042
403011*
EMU00302
PROCEDURE FOR TILTING DOWN
Hydro-tilt model
1)
2)
3-21
Release the tilt support lever holding
the rear of the top cowling with one
hand.
Tilt the engine down.
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EMU00294
PROCEDURE FOR TILTING UP
Power trim/tilt model
1)
Remove the fuel-line connection from
the motor.(If the fuel connector is provided on the motor.)
2)
Push the power trim/tilt switch “UP”
until the outboard has tilted up completely.
3)
Turn the tilt-support lever toward you
and support the engine.
304034*
UP
DN
UP
DN
701034
w
After tilting the engine, be sure to support it with the tilt-support lever. Otherwise, the engine could fall back down
suddenly if oil in the power trim/tilt unit
should lose pressure.
403011*
4)
Once the engine is supported with the
tilt-support lever, push the power
trim/tilt switch DOWN to retract the
trim rods.
cC
411014
Be sure to retract the trim rods completely during mooring. This protects the rods
from marine growths and corrosion
which could damage the power trim/tilt
mechanism.
3-22
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EMU00303
PROCEDURE FOR TILTING DOWN
Power trim/tilt model
1)
2)
3)
411021
3-23
Push the power trim/tilt switch “UP”
until the engine is supported by the
tilt rod.
Release the tilt-support lever.
Push the power trim/tilt switch “DN”
(Down) to lower the engine to the
desired position.
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EMH60010
CRUISING IN OTHER
CONDITIONS
CRUISING IN SALT WATER
After operating in salt water, wash out the
cooling-water passages with fresh water
to prevent them from becoming cloggedup with salt deposits.
NOTE:
Refer to cooling system flushing instructions in “TRANSPORTING AND STORING
OUTBOARD MOTOR”.
CRUISING IN TURBID WATER
It is strongly recommended that the
optional chromium-plated water-pump kit
be installed if the outboard is to be used
in turbid (muddy) water conditions.
3-24
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-MEMO-
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Page 1
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EMK00010
Chapter 4
MAINTENANCE
1
SPECIFICATION DATA.............................4-1
TRANSPORTING AND STORING
OUTBOARD MOTOR ...............................4-4
Trailering outboard motor...................4-5
Storing outboard motor ......................4-6
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE....................4-10
Replacement parts .............................4-10
Maintenance chart..............................4-11
Cleaning and adjusting spark plug...4-12
Checking fuel system.........................4-14
Cleaning fuel filter ..............................4-15
Adjusting idling speed.......................4-17
Replacing fuse ....................................4-18
Checking wiring and connectors ......4-19
Exhaust leakage..................................4-19
Water leakage .....................................4-19
Greasing ..............................................4-20
Checking power trim and
tilt system............................................4-22
Checking propeller .............................4-23
Changing gear oil ...............................4-25
Cleaning fuel tank...............................4-27
Inspecting and replacing anode .......4-28
Checking battery.................................4-29
Checking bolts and nuts ....................4-32
Motor exterior.....................................4-32
Coating the boat bottom ...................4-32
2
3
4
5
6
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EMK13010*
SPECIFICATION DATA
Model
Item
Unit
60FET
DIMENSIONS
8Overall Length
8Overall Width
8Overall Height
8Tramson Height
8Weight
L/X
L/X
L/X
mm (in.)
mm (in.)
mm (in.)
mm (in.)
kg (lb.)
713 (28.1)
364 (14.3)
1,374 (54.1) / 1,501 (59.1)
521 (20.5) / 648 (25.5)
106 (234) / 109 (240)
r/min
kW (HP)
r/min
4,500 ~ 5,500
44.1 (60.0) at 5,000 r/min
750 ~ 850
PERFORMANCE
8Full throttle operating range
8Maximum output
8Idling speed
ENGINE
8Type
Number of cylinder
Displacement
Bore ´ stroke
8Ignition system
8Spark plug
Spark plug gap
8Control system
8Starting system
8Battery capacity
8Alternator output
8Starting carburetion system
cm3 (cu.in.)
mm (in.)
NGK
mm (in.)
V-AH (kc)
V-Amp (W)
2-stroke, L
3
849 (51.81)
72.0 ´ 72.0 (2.83 ´ 2.83)
C.D.I system
BR8HS-10
0.9 ~ 1.0 (0.035 ~ 0.039)
Remote control
Electric start
12 - 70 (252) ~ 100 (360)
12 - 6
Choke valve start system
DRIVE UNIT
8Gear positions
Gear ratio
8Trim/tilt system
8Propeller mark
Forward-Neutral-Reverse
2.33 (12 : 28)
Power trim / tilt
K
FUEL AND OIL
8Fuel
Fuel tank capacity
8Recommended engine oil
Oil tank capacity
8Fuel/oil ratio
8Recommended gearcase oil
Gear oil capacity
L (US gal, Imp gal)
L (US qt, Imp qt)
cm3 (US oz, Imp oz)
Regular grade gasoline (petrol)
24 (6.3, 5.3)
YAMALUBE, TWO STROKE MOTOR OIL FOR MARINE
or an equivalent TC-W3 certified outboard oil
Remote : —
Engine : —
1 : 50
Hypoid gear oil (SAE 90)
610 (20.6, 21.5)
TIGHTENING TORQUE
8Spark plug
8Propeller nut
N•m (kgf•m, lb•ft)
N•m (kgf•m, lb•ft)
4-1
25 (2.5, 18)
35 (3.5, 25)
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Page 3
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75AED
75AET
85AED
726 (28.6)
374 (14.7)
1,422 (56.0) / 1,548 (60.9)
521 (20.5) / 647 (25.5)
113 (249) / 116 (256)
726 (28.6)
374 (14.7)
1,422 (56.0) / 1,548 (60.9)
521 (26.5) / 647 (25.5)
121 (267) / 124 (273)
726 (28.6)
374 (14.7)
1,422 (56.0) / 1,548 (60.9)
521 (20.5) / 647 (25.5)
113 (249) / 116 (256)
4,500 ~ 5,500
55.2 at 5,000 r/min
750 ~ 850
4,500 ~ 5,500
55.2 (75.0) at 5,000 r/min
750 ~ 850
4,500 ~ 5,500
62.5 at 5,000 r/min
750 ~ 850
2-stroke, L
3
1,140 (69.57)
82.0 ´ 72.0 (3.23 ´ 2.83)
C.D.I system
BR8HS-10
0.9 ~ 1.0 (0.035 ~ 0.039)
Remote control
Electric start
12 - 70 ~ 100 (252 ~ 360)
12 - 10
Choke valve start system
2-stroke, L
3
1,140 (69.57)
82.0 ´ 72.0 (3.23 ´ 2.83)
C.D.I system
BR8HS-10
0.9 ~ 1.0 (0.035 ~ 0.039)
Remote control
Electric start
12 - 70 (252) ~ 100 (360)
12 - 10
Choke valve start system
2-stroke, L
3
1,140 (69.57)
82.0 ´ 72.0 (3.23 ´ 2.83)
C.D.I system
BR8HS-10
0.9 ~ 1.0 (0.035 ~ 0.039)
Remote control
Electric start
12 - 70 ~ 100 (252 ~ 360)
12 - 10
Choke valve start system
Forward-Neutral-Reverse
2.0 (13 : 26)
Hydro
K
Forward-Neutral-Reverse
2.0 (13 : 26)
Power trim / tilt
K
Forward-Neutral-Reverse
2.0 (13 : 26)
Hydro
K
Regular grade gasoline (petrol)
25 (6.60, 5.50)
YAMALUBE, TWO STROKE MOTOR OIL FOR MARINE
or an equivalent TC-W3 certified outboard oil
Remote : —
Engine : —
1 : 50
Hypoid gear oil (SAE 90)
610 (20.6, 21.5)
Regular grade gasoline (petrol)
24 (6.3, 5.3)
YAMALUBE, TWO STROKE MOTOR OIL FOR MARINE
or an equivalent TC-W3 certified outboard oil
Remote : —
Engine : —
1 : 50
Hypoid gear oil (SAE 90)
610 (20.6, 21.5)
Regular grade gasoline (petrol)
25 (6.60, 5.50)
YAMALUBE, TWO STROKE MOTOR OIL FOR MARINE
or an equivalent TC-W3 certified outboard oil
Remote : —
Engine : —
1 : 50
Hypoid gear oil (SAE 90)
610 (20.6, 21.5)
25 (2.5, 18)
35 (3.5, 25)
25 (2.5, 18)
35 (3.5, 25)
25 (2.5, 18)
35 (3.5, 25)
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EMK13010*
SPECIFICATION DATA
Model
Item
Unit
85AET
DIMENSIONS
8Overall Length
8Overall Width
8Overall Height
8Tramson Height
8Weight
L/X
L/X
L/X
mm (in.)
mm (in.)
mm (in.)
mm (in.)
kg (lb.)
726 (28.6)
374 (14.7)
1,422 (56.0) / 1,548 (60.9)
521 (20.5) / 647 (255)
121 (267) / 124 (273)
r/min
kW (HP)
r/min
4,500 ~ 5,500
62.5 (85.0) at 5,000 r/min
750 ~ 850
PERFORMANCE
8Full throttle operating range
8Maximum outputt
8Idling speed
ENGINE
8Type
Number of cylinder
Displacement
Bore ´ stroke
8Ignition system
8Spark plug
Spark plug gap
8Control system
8Starting system
8Battery capacity
8Alternator output
8Starting carburetion system
cm3 (cu.in.)
mm (in.)
NGK
mm (in.)
V-AH (kc)
V-Amp (W)
2-stroke, L
3
1,140 (69.57)
82.0 ´ 72.0 (3.23 ´ 2.83)
C.D.I system
BR8HS-10
0.9 ~ 1.0 (0.035 ~ 0.039)
Remote control
Electric start
12 - 70 (252) ~ 100 (360)
12 - 10
Choke valve start system
DRIVE UNIT
8Gear positions
Gear ratio
8Trim/tilt system
8Propeller mark
Forward-Neutral-Reverse
2.0 (13 : 26)
Power trim / tilt
K
FUEL AND OIL
8Fuel
Fuel tank capacity
8Recommended engine oil
Oil tank capacity
8Fuel/oil ratio
8Recommended gearcase oil
Gear oil capacity
L (US gal, Imp gal)
L (US qt, Imp qt)
cm3 (US oz, Imp oz)
Regular grade gasoline (petrol)
24 (6.3, 5.3)
YAMALUBE, TWO STROKE MOTOR OIL FOR MARINE
or an equivalent TC-W3 certified outboard oil
Remote : —
Engine : —
1 : 50
Hypoid gear oil (SAE 90)
610 (20.6, 21.5)
TIGHTENING TORQUE
8Spark plug
8Propeller nut
N•m (kgf•m, lb•ft)
N•m (kgf•m, lb•ft)
4-3
25 (2.5, 18)
35 (3.5, 25)
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115BET
—
828 (32.6)
600 (23.6)
1,435 (56.5) / —
516 (20.3) / —
156 (344) / —
4,500 ~ 5,500
84.6 (115.0) at 5,000 r/min
700 ~ 800
2-stroke, V
4
1,730 (105.57)
90.0 ´ 68.0 (3.54 ´ 2.68)
C.D.I system
BR8HS-10
0.9 ~ 1.0 (0.035 ~ 0.039)
Remote control
Electric start
12 - 70 (252) ~ 100 (360)
12 - 10
Choke valve start system
Forward-Neutral-Reverse
2.0 (13 : 26)
Power trim / tilt
K
Regular grade gasoline (petrol)
24 (6.3, 5.3)
YAMALUBE, TWO STROKE MOTOR OIL FOR MARINE
or an equivalent TC-W3 certified outboard oil
Remote : —
Engine : —
1 : 50
Hypoid gear oil (SAE 90)
760 (25.7, 26.8)
25 (2.5, 18)
55 (5.5, 40)
4-4
—
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EMU01369
TRANSPORTING AND STORING OUTBOARD MOTOR
w
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard. When transporting and storing the outboard motor,
close the air vent screw and fuel cock to
prevent fuel from leaking.
EMU00326
TRAILERING OUTBOARD MOTOR
000940
The motor should be trailered and stored
in the normal running position. If there is
insufficient road clearance in this position,
then trailer the motor in the tilt position
using a motor support device such as a
transom saver bar.
For further details, consult your Yamaha
dealer.
w
8 Never get under the lower unit while it
is tilted, even if a motor support bar is
used. Severe injury could occur if the
outboard accidentally falls.
8 USE CARE when transporting fuel tank,
whether in a boat or car.
8 DO NOT fill fuel container to maximum
capacity. Gasoline will expand considerably as it warms up and can build up
pressure in the fuel container. This can
cause fuel leakage and a potential fire
hazard.
cC
Do not use the tilt support lever/knob
when trailering the boat. The outboard
motor could shake loose from the tilt
support and fall. If the motor can not be
trailered in the down position, use an
additional support device to secure it in
the up position.
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EMK17010
STORING OUTBOARD MOTOR
Procedure
1) Using fresh water, flush the coolingwater passages (Refer to “Flushing
cooling system”) and wash the motor
body. (Refer to “MOTOR EXTERIOR”).
2) Remove the fuel-line connections
from the motor.
3) Run the engine at idling speed until
the carburetor is empty.
4) Completely drain the water out of the
outboard motor, and thoroughly
clean the body.
5) Remove the spark-plug, pour a teaspoonful of clean engine oil into the
cylinder, and replace the spark-plug.
cC
8 Do not place the engine on its side
before the cooling water has drained
from it completely, or water may enter
the cylinder through the exhaust port
and cause problems.
8 Store the engine in a dry, well-ventilated place, not in direct sunlight.
EMK24110
Fuel Tank
1) Drain the fuel from the tank for a long
period of storage.
2) Store the fuel tank in a dry, well-ventilated place, not in direct sunlight.
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EMK23511
Flushing cooling system
8 Flushing in a water tank
1) Fit the outboard motor on the water
tank, and fill the tank with fresh water
to above the level of the anti-cavitation plate.
2) Shift into Neutral, start the engine,
and run at low speed for a few minutes.
cC
q
w
If the fresh water level is below the level
of the anticavitation plate, or if the water
supply is insufficient, engine seizure may
occur.
1 Water surface
2 Lowest water level
605024
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605014
8 Flushing with the flushing attachment
1) Fit the flushing attachment (option) in
position on the lower casing, with
rubber cups covering the water intake
opening. The attachment must be
installed from the front of the lower
casing.
2) Connect a garden hose between the
flushing attachment and the water
tap.
3) Shift into “NEUTRAL”, and start the
engine while supplying water, then
keep it running at low speed for a few
minutes.
cC
Never operate the engine even momentarily without running cooling-water.
Either the water pump will get damaged
or the engine will overheat. Before starting the engine, be sure to install the
flushing attachment and feed water.
w
Before using the flushing attachment,
remove the propeller. Keep yourself and
others away from the propeller shaft.
e
3 Flushing attachment
903021
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EMK29010
Battery Care
w
Battery electrolyte is poisonous and dangerous, causing severe burns, etc. It contains sulfuric acid. Avoid contact with
skin, eyes, or clothing.
Antidote:
EXTERNAL; Flush with water.
INTERNAL; Drink large quantities of
water or milk. Follow with milk of magnesia, beaten egg, or vegetable oil. Call
physician immediately.
EYES; Flush with water for 15 minutes
and get prompt medical attention.
Batteries produce explosive gases: Keep
sparks, flame, cigarettes, etc. away. Ventilate when charging or using in a closed
space. Always wear eye protection when
working near batteries.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
NOTE:
Batteries vary among manufacturers.
Therefore the following procedures may
not always apply. Consult your battery
manufacturer’s instructions.
1)
2)
3)
EL
LEV EL
ER
V
UPP ER LE
W
LO
4)
901015
4-9
Disconnect and remove the battery
from the boat. Always disconnect the
black negative lead first to prevent the
risk of shorting.
Clean the battery casing and terminals. Fill each cell to the upper level
with distilled water.
Store the battery on a level surface in
a cool, dry, well-ventilated place out
of direct sunlight.
Once a month, check the specific
gravity of the electrolyte and recharge
as required to prolong battery life.
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EMK30110*
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
w
Be sure to turn off the engine when you
perform maintenance unless otherwise
specified.
If the owner is not familiar with machine
servicing, this work should be done by a
Yamaha dealer or other qualified
mechanic.
EMK33011
REPLACEMENT PARTS
If replacement parts are necessary, use
only genuine Yamaha parts or equivalents of the same type and of equivalent
strength and materials. Any part of inferior quality may malfunction, and the
resulting loss of control could endanger
the operator and passengers.
Yamaha genuine parts and accessories
are available from a Yamaha dealer.
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MAINTENANCE CHART
Frequency of maintenance operations may be adjusted according to the operating conditions, but the following table gives general guidelines.
The mark (●) indicates the check-ups which you may carry out yourself.
The mark (1) indicates work to be carried out by your Yamaha dealer.
Initial
Interval
Item
Every
10 hours
50 hours
(3 months)
100 hours
(6 months)
●
1
●
●
Carburetor
Fuel filter
Fuel system
Fuel tank
Idling speed
Coling water passages
Spark plug
Power trim and tilt
system*1
Wiring & Connectors
Exhaust leakage
Water leakage
Grease points
Gear oil
Bolts & Nuts
Cowling clamp
Anode
Propeller
Motor exterior
Inspection/Adjustment
Cleaning
Inspection
Cleaning
Inspection/Adjustment
Cleaning
Cleaning/Adjustment/Replacement
1
●
●
●
Inspection
Inspection/Reconnect
Inspection
Inspection
Greasing
Change
Retightening
Inspection
Inspection
Inspection
Inspection
Battery
Inspection
200 hours
(1 year)
Refe
page
●
●
●
●
●
—
4-15
4-14
4-28
4-17
4-9
4-12
●
●
●
4-21
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
1
1
●
●
1
●
●
4-19
4-19
4-19
4-20
4-25
4-32
—
4-28
4-23
4-32
●
●
●
1
●
●
●
(every month)
4-29
*1 .......for Power trim and tilt/Power tilt model
NOTE:
Cooling water passages:
When operating in salt water, turbid or muddy water, the engine should be flushed with clean
water after each use.
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EMU01202
CLEANING AND ADJUSTING SPARK
PLUG
w
When removing or installing a spark plug,
be careful not to damage the insulator. A
damaged insulator could allow external
sparks, which could lead to explosion or
fire.
The spark plug is an important engine
component and is easy to inspect. The
condition of the spark plug can indicate
something about the condition of the
engine. For example, if the center electrode porcelain is very white, this could
indicate an intake air leak or carburetion
problem in that cylinder. Do not attempt
to diagnose any problems yourself.
Instead, take the outboard motor to a
Yamaha dealer. You should periodically
remove and inspect the spark plug
because heat and deposits will cause the
spark plug to slowly break down and
erode. If electrode erosion becomes
excessive, or if carbon and other deposits
are excessive, you should replace the
spark plug with another of the correct
type.
Standard spark plug:
Refer to “SPECIFICATIONS”, page 4-1.
Before fitting the spark plug, measure the
electrode gap with a wire thickness
gauge; adjust the gap to specification if
necessary.
Spark plug gap:
Refer to “SPECIFICATIONS”, page 4-1.
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Page 14
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When fitting the plug, always clean the
gasket surface and use a new gasket.
Wipe off any dirt from the threads and
screw in the spark plug to the correct
torque.
Spark plug torque:
Refer to “SPECIFICATIONS”, page 4-1.
NOTE:
If a torque-wrench is not available when
you are fitting a spark plug, a good estimate of the correct torque is 1/4 to 1/2 a
turn past finger-tight. Have the spark plug
adjusted to the correct torque as soon as
possible with a torque-wrench.
Initial of spark plug
I.D. mark
B
C/BK
D
Plug wrench size
21 mm (13/16 in.)
16 mm (5/8 in.)
18.3 mm (23/32 in.)
1 Spark plug gap
2 Spark plug I.D. mark (NGK)
w
q
903022
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60/75/85
EMK38010
CHECKING FUEL SYSTEM
w
Gasoline (petrol) and its vapors are highly
flammable and explosive. Keep away
from sparks, cigarettes, flames or other
sources of ignition.
Check the fuel line for leaks, cracks, or
malfunctions. If any problem is found, it
should be repaired immediately by Yamaha dealer or other qualified mechanic.
Checking points
8 Fuel system parts leakage.
8 Fuel hose joint leakage.
8 Fuel hose cracks or other damage.
8 Fuel connector leakage.
w
115
Leaking fuel can result in fire or explosion.
8 Check for fuel leakage regularly.
8 If any fuel leakage is found, the fuel
system must be repaired by a qualified
mechanic.
8 Improper repairs can make the outboard unsafe to operate.
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EMK50000
CLEANING FUEL FILTER
w
Gasoline (petrol) is highly flammable, and
its vapors are flammable and explosive.
8 If you have any question about properly
doing this procedure, consult your
Yamaha dealer.
8 Do not perform this procedure on a hot
or running engine. Allow the engine to
cool.
8 There will be fuel in the fuel filter. Keep
away from sparks, cigarettes, flames or
other sources of ignition.
8 This procedure will allow some fuel to
spill. Catch fuel in a rag. Wipe up any
spilled fuel immediately.
8 The fuel filter must be reassembled
carefully with O-ring, filter cup, and
hoses in place. Improper assembly can
result in a fuel leak, which could result
in a fire or explosion hazard.
EMK50012
Cleaning the fuel filter
60/75/85
1)
2)
3)
60/75/85
4)
207033
4-15
Remove the nut holding the fuel filter
assembly if equipped.
Unscrew the filter cup, catching any
spilled fuel in a rag.
Remove the filter element, and wash
it in solvent.
Allow it to dry. Inspect the filter element and O-ring to make sure they
are in good condition. Replace them if
necessary.
Reinstall the filter element in the cup.
Make sure the O-ring in position in
the cup. Firmly screw the cup onto
the filter housing.
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5)
60/75/85
q
6)
w
e
207013
1
2
3
4
Attach the filter assembly to the
bracket with that the fuel hoses are
attached to the filter assembly.
Run the engine and check the filter
and lines for leaks.
Filter element
O-ring
Filter cap
Filter housing
EMK50210*
Cleaning the fuel filter
115
1)
2)
3)
115
4)
5)
Slightly loosen the filter cup ring nut.
Remove the filter cup, catching any
spilled fuel in a rag.
Remove the filter element, and wash
it in solvent.
Allow it to dry. Inspect the filter element and O-ring to make sure they
are in good condition. Replace them if
necessary.
Reinstall the filter element in the cup.
Make sure the O-ring in position in the
cup. Insert the cup and O-ring into the
filter housing. Firmly screw the ring
nut onto the filter housing.
Run the engine and check the filter
and lines for leaks.
207025
115
w
t
1
2
3
4
5
Filter element
O-ring
Filter cap
Ring nut
Filter housing
q
NOTE:
If any water is in the fuel, the red ring in
the fuel filter unit will float. If so, remove
the cup and drain the water.
e
r
207026*
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EMK54110
ADJUSTING IDLING SPEED
w
8 Do not touch or remove electrical parts
when starting or during operation.
8 Keep hands, hair and clothes away
from flywheel and other rotating parts
while engine is running.
cC
This procedure must be performed while
the outboard motor is in the water. A
flushing attachment or test tank can be
used.
Procedure
NOTE:
A diagnostic tachometer should be used
for this procedure.
1)
60/75/85
q
204015*
115
q
Start the engine and allow it to warm
up fully in Neutral until it is running
smoothly. If the outboard is mounted
on a boat, be sure the boat is tightly
moored.
2) Adjust the throttle stop-screw to set
the idling speed to specification (see
“SPECIFICATIONS”) by turning the
stop-screw clockwise to increase the
idling speed, and turning it counterclockwise to decrease the idling
speed.
NOTE:
Correct idling-speed adjustment is only
possible if the engine is fully warmed-up.
If not warmed up fully, the speed setting
will tend to be too high. If you have difficulty obtaining the specified idle, consult
a Yamaha dealer or other qualified
mechanic.
204032*
1 Throttle stop-screw
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EMU01329
60/75/85
REPLACING FUSE
If the fuse has blown on an Electric start
model, open the fuse holder and replace
the fuse with a new one of proper amperage.
q
w
205016
115
w
Be sure to use the specified fuse. An
incorrect fuse or a piece of wire may
allow excessive current flow. This could
cause electrical system damage and a fire
hazard.
q
NOTE:
If the new fuse blows again immediately,
consult a Yamaha dealer.
w
q
205025
1 Fuse holder
2 Fuse (20A)
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EMK78010
CHECKING WIRING AND
CONNECTORS
1)
2)
606012
Check that each grounding wire is
properly secured.
Check that each connector is engaged
securely.
EXHAUST LEAKAGE
Start the engine and check that no
exhaust leaks from the joints between the
exhaust cover, cylinder head and crank
case.
WATER LEAKAGE
Start the engine and check that no water
leaks from the joints between the exhaust
cover, cylinder head and crank case.
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EMU00909
GREASING
E
Yamaha grease A (Water resistant grease)
Yamaha grease D (Corrosion resistant grease) *1
60/75/85
103031
*1. For propeller shaft
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EMU00909
GREASING
E
Yamaha grease A (Water resistant grease)
Yamaha grease D (Corrosion resistant grease) *1
115
*1. For propeller shaft
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EML02011
CHECKING POWER TRIM AND TILT
SYSTEM
w
8 Never get under the lower unit while it
is tilted, even when the tilt-support
lever is locked. Severe injury could
occur if the outboard accidentally falls.
8 Make sure no one is under the outboard before performing this test.
1)
411024
Check the power trim and tilt unit for
any sign of oil leaks.
2) Operate each of the power trim and
tilt switches on remote control and
engine bottom cowling (If equipped)
to check that all switches work.
3) Tilt up the motor and check that the
tilt rod and trim rods are pushed out
completely.
4) Use the tilt-support lever to lock the
motor in the UP position. Operate the
tilt down switch briefly so the motor
is supported the tilt-support lever.
5) Check that the tilt rod and trim rods
are free of corrosion or other flaws.
6) Activate the tilt-down switch until the
trim rods have gone completely into
the cylinders.
7) Activate the trim-up switch until the
tilt rod is fully extended. Unlock the
tilt-support lever.
8) Operate the motor to tilt down. Check
that the tilt rod and trim rods operate
smoothly.
NOTE:
If any operation is abnormal, consult a
Yamaha dealer.
Recommended fluid;
Yamaha power trim & tilt fluid or
ATF (DEXRON-II).
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EML08011*
CHECKING PROPELLER
w
210012
602051
You could be seriously injured if the
engine accidentally starts while you are
near the propeller.
8 Before
inspecting,
removing
or
installing the propeller, remove the
spark plug caps from the spark plugs.
Also, put the shift control in Neutral,
put the main switch in the “OFF” position and remove the key, and remove
the lanyard from the engine stop
switch. Turn off the battery cut-off
switch if your boat has one.
8 Do not use your hand to hold the propeller when loosening or tightening the
propeller nut. Put a wood block
between the cavitation plate and the
propeller to prevent the propeller from
turning.
1)
2)
3)
602054
Check each of the propeller blades for
wear, erosion from cavitation or ventilation, or other damage.
Check the splines for wear and damage.
Check for fish line winding around the
propeller shaft. Check the propeller
shaft oil seal for damage.
EMU00976
q
w
e
r
y
t
Removing the Propeller
1) Straighten the cotter-pin 1 and pull it
out using a pair of pliers.
2) Remove the propeller nut 2, washer
3 and spacer 4.
3) Remove the propeller 5and thrust
washer 6.
000357
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EMU00397
Installing the Propeller
cC
8 Be sure to install the thrust washer
before installing propeller, otherwise,
lower case and propeller boss may be
damaged.
8 Be sure to use a new cotter pin and
bend the ends over securely. Otherwise, the propeller could come off during operation and be lost.
1)
2)
3)
Apply Yamaha Marine grease or Corrosion resistant grease to the propeller-shaft.
Install the thrust washer and propeller
on the propeller-shaft.
Install the spacer and washer. Tighten
the propeller nut to the specified
torque.
Tightening torque:
Refer to “SPECIFICATIONS” page 4-1.
4)
602053
Align the propeller nut with the propeller shaft hole. Insert a new cotter
pin in the hole and bend the cotter pin
ends.
NOTE:
If the propeller nut does not align with the
propeller shaft hole after tightening to the
specified torque, then tighten the nut further to align it with the hole.
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EML20010
CHANGING GEAR OIL
w
Never get under the lower unit while it is
tilted, even when the tilt-support lever is
locked. Severe injury could occur if the
outboard accidentally falls.
1)
Put the outboard in a vertical position
(not tilted).
w
Be sure the outboard is securely fastened
to the transom or a stable stand. You
could be severely injured if the outboard
falls on you.
000940
2)
3)
1
2
Place a suitable container under the
gearcase.
Remove the oil drain plug.
NOTE:
The oil drain plug is magnetic. Remove all
metal particles from the plug before reinstalling it.
4)
Remove the oil level plug to allow the
oil to drain completely.
601016
1 Oil-level plug
2 Oil drain-plug
cC
Inspect the used oil after it has been
drained. If the oil is milky, water is getting into the gearcase which can cause
gear damage. Consult a Yamaha dealer
for repair of the lower unit seals.
4-25
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Page 27
E
NOTE:
For disposal of used oil consult your
Yamaha dealer.
5)
601015
With the outboard motor in an vertical position, using a flexible or pressurized filling device, inject outboard
motor hypoid gear oil (SAE 90) into
the oil drain plug hole.
Gear oil capacity:
Refer to “SPECIFICATIONS”, page
4-1.
6)
7)
4-26
When oil begins to flow out of the oil
level plug hole, insert and tighten the
oil level plug.
Insert and tighten the oil drain plug.
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Page 28
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EML22010
CLEANING FUEL TANK
w
Gasoline (petrol) is highly flammable, and
its vapors are flammable and explosive.
8 If you have any question about properly
doing this procedure, consult your
Yamaha dealer.
8 Keep away from sparks, cigarettes,
flames or other sources of ignition
when cleaning the fuel tank.
8 Remove the fuel tank from the boat
before cleaning it. Work only outdoors
in an area with good ventilation.
8 Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately.
8 Reassemble the fuel tank carefully.
Improper assembly can result in a fuel
leak, which could result in a fire or
explosion hazard.
8 Dispose of old gasoline (petrol)according to local regulations.
To clean the fuel tank:
1) Empty the fuel tank into an approved
gasoline (petrol) container.
2) Pour a small amount of suitable solvent in the tank. Reinstall the cap and
shake the tank. Drain the solvent
completely.
902026
To clean the fuel filter:
1) Remove the screws holding the fuel
meter assembly. Pull the assembly
out of the tank.
2) Clean the filter (located on the end of
the suction pipe) in a suitable cleaning solvent. Allow the filter to dry.
3) Replace the gasket with a new one.
Reinstall the fuel meter assembly and
tighten the screws firmly.
4-27
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Page 29
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EML24010
60/75/85/115
INSPECTING AND REPLACING
ANODE
Yamaha outboard motor is protected
from corrosion by a sacrificial anode(s).
604015
Check the anode periodically. Remove the
scales from surfaces of the anode.
For the replacement of the anode, consult
a Yamaha dealer.
60/75/85
cC
Do not paint the anode, for this would
render it ineffective.
405012
115
405016
4-28
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Page 30
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EML26010
CHECKING BATTERY
(for Electric start model)
w
Battery electrolytic fluid is dangerous; it
contains sulfuric acid and therefore is poisonous and highly caustic.
Always follow these preventive measures:
8 Avoid bodily contact with electrolytic
fluid as it can cause severe burns or
permanent eye injury.
8 Wear protective eye gear when handling or working near batteries.
Antidote (EXTERNAL):
8 SKIN[C4]Flush with water.
8 EYES[C4]Flush with water for 15 minutes and get immediate medical attention.
Antidote (INTERNAL):
8 Drink large quantities of water or milk
followed by milk of magnesia, beaten
egg, or vegetable oil. Get immediate
medical attention.
Batteries also generate explosive
hydrogen gas; therefore, you should
always follow these preventive measures:
8 Charge batteries in a well-ventilated
area.
8 Keep batteries away from fire, sparks,
or open flames (e.g., welding equipment, lighted cigarettes, etc.).
8 DO NOT SMOKE when charging or handling batteries.
8 KEEP BATTERIES AND ELECTROLYTIC
FLUID OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
4-29
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Page 31
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cC
A poorly maintained battery will quickly
deteriorate.
1)
Check the electrolyte level at least
once a month. Fill to the manufacturer’s recommended level when necessary. Top up only with distilled water
(or pure de-ionized water suitable to
use in batteries).
cC
Ordinary tap-water contains minerals
harmhul to a battery, and should not be
used for topping-up.
2)
3)
4-30
Keep the battery always in a good
state of charge. Installing a voltmeter
will help you monitor your battery. If
you will not use the boat for a month
or more, remove the battery from the
boat and store it in a cool, dark place.
Completely recharge the battery
before using it.
If the battery will be stored for longer
than a month, check the specific gravity of the fluid at least once a month
and recharge the battery when it is
low.
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Page 32
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EMU01279
Connecting the Battery
w
Mount the battery holder securely in a
dry, well-ventilated, vibration-free location in the boat. Install a fully charged
battery in the holder.
cC
q
EL
L E V EL
ER
V
U P P ER LE
LOW
w
e
901012
8 Make sure the main switch (on applicable models) is “OFF” before working on
the battery.
8 Reversal of the battery leads will damage the rectifier.
8 Connect the RED lead first when
installing the battery and disconnect
the RED lead last when removing it.
Otherwise, the electrical system can be
damaged.
8 The electrical contacts of the battery
and cables must be clean and properly
connected, or the battery will not start
the engine.
Connect the RED lead to the POSITIVE (+)
terminal first.
Then connect the BLACK lead to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal.
1 Red lead
2 Black lead
3 Battery
EMU01280
Disconnecting the Battery
Disconnect the BLACK lead from the NEGATIVE (-) terminal first. Then disconnect
the RED lead from the POSITIVE (+) terminal.
4-31
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Page 33
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EML40010
CHECKING BOLTS AND NUTS
1)
2)
Check that bolts securing the cylinder
head and engine and the nut securing
the flywheel are tightened with their
specified tightening torques.
Check the tightening torques of other
bolts and nuts.
EML42011
MOTOR EXTERIOR
Cleaning the Outboard Motor
After use, wash the exterior of the outboard with fresh water. Flush the cooling
system with fresh water.
Cleaning cooling-water passages
NOTE:
Refer to cooling system flushing instructions in “TRANSPORTING AND STORING
OUTBOARD MOTOR”.
Checking Painted Surface of Motor
Check the motor for scratches, nicks, or
flaking paint. Areas with damaged paint
are more likely to corrode. If necessary,
clean and paint the areas. Consult a
Yamaha dealer for touch-up paint.
102024
EML44010
COATING THE BOAT BOTTOM
102025
A clean hull improves boat performance.
The boat bottom should be kept as clean
of marine growths as possible. If necessary, the boat bottom can be coated with
an anti-fouling paint approved for your
area to inhibit marine growth.
Do not use anti-fouling paint which
includes copper or graphite. These paints
can cause more rapid engine corrosion.
4-32
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Page 34
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-MEMO-
688-9-S9-5
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Page 1
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EMN00010
Chapter 5
TROUBLE RECOVERY
1
TROUBLESHOOTING ..............................5-1
TEMPORARY ACTION IN
EMERGENCY ............................................5-5
Impact damage.....................................5-5
Power trim/tilt will not operate ...........5-6
Starter will not operate ........................5-7
Treatment of submerged motor .........5-9
2
3
4
5
6
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EMU01204¯
TROUBLESHOOTING
A problem in the fuel, compression, or ignition systems can cause poor starting, loss of
power, or other problems. The troubleshooting chart describes basic checks and possible remedies. (This chart covers all Yamaha outboard motors. Therefore, some items
may not apply to your model.)
If your outboard motor requires repair, bring it to a Yamaha dealer.
Trouble
Possible Cause
1. Battery capacity weak or low.
2. Battery connections loose or
corroded.
3. Fuse for electric start circuit blown.
A. Starter will not
operate.
4. Starter components faulty.
5. Engine stop switch lanyard not
attached.
6. Shift lever in gear.
1.
2.
3.
4.
B. Engine will not
start (Starter
operates).
Fuel tank empty.
Fuel contaminated or stale.
Fuel filter clogged.
Starting procedure incorrect.
Remedy
1. Check battery condition. Use
battery of recommended capacity.
2. Tighten battery cables and clean
battery terminals.
3. Check for cause of electric
overload and repair. Replace fuse
with one of correct amperage.
4. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
5. Attach lanyard.
6. Shift to neutral.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5. Fuel pump malfunctions.
5.
6. Spark plug(s) fouled or incorrect
type.
7. Spark plug cap(s) fitted incorrectly.
8. Poor connections or damaged
ignition wiring.
6.
9. Ignition parts faulty.
9.
10. Engine stop switch lanyard not
attached.
11. Shift lever in gear.
12. Engine inner parts damaged.
5-1
7.
8.
10.
Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
Clean or replace filter.
Read "STARTING ENGINE"
section.
Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
Inspect spark plug(s). Clean or
replace with recommended type.
Check and re-fit cap(s).
Check wires for wear or breaks.
Tighten all loose connections.
Replace worn or broken wires.
Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
Attach lanyard.
11. Shift to neutral.
12. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
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Page 3
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Trouble
Possible Cause
1. Spark plug(s) fouled or incorrect
type.
2. Fuel system obstructed.
3. Fuel contaminated or stale.
4. Fuel filter clogged.
5. Failed ignition parts.
6. Warning system activated.
7. Spark plug gap incorrect.
8. Poor connections or damaged
ignition wiring.
C. Engine idles
irregularly or stalls.
9. Specified engine oil not used.
10. Thermostat faulty or clogged.
11. Carburetor adjustments incorrect.
12. Fuel pump damaged.
13. Air vent screw on the fuel tank
closed.
14. Choke knob pulled out.
15. Motor angle too high.
16. Carburetor clogged.
17. Fuel joint connection incorrect.
18. Throttle valve adjustment incorrect.
19. Battery lead disconnected.
5-2
Remedy
1. Inspect spark plug(s). Clean or
replace with recommended type.
2. Check for pinched or kinked fuel
line or other obstructions in fuel
system.
3. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
4. Clean or replace filter.
5. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
6. Find and correct cause of warning.
7. Inspect and adjust as specified.
8. Check wires for wear or breaks.
Tighten all loose connections.
Replace worn or broken wires.
9. Check and replace oil as specified.
10. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
11. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
12. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
13. Open the air vent screw.
14. Return to home position.
15. Return to normal operating
position.
16. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
17. Connect correctly.
18. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
19. Connect securely.
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Trouble
Possible Cause
1. Cooling system clogged.
2. Engine oil level low.
3. Heat range of spark plug incorrect.
4. Specified engine oil not used.
D. Warning buzzer
sounds or
indicator lamp
lights.
5. Engine oil contaminated or
deteriorated.
6. Oil filter clogged.
7. Oil feed/injection pump
malfunctions.
8. Load on boat improperly distributed.
9. Water pump/thermostat faulty.
10. Excess water in fuel filter cup.
1. Propeller damaged.
2. Propeller pitch or diameter incorrect.
3. Trim angle incorrect.
E. Engine power loss.
4. Motor mounted at incorrect height
on transom.
5. Warning system activated.
6. Boat bottom fouled with marine
growth.
7. Spark plug(s) fouled or incorrect
type.
8. Weeds or other foreign matter
tangled on gear housing.
9. Fuel system obstructed.
10. Fuel filter clogged.
11. Fuel contaminated or stale.
12. Spark plug gap incorrect.
5-3
Remedy
1. Check water intake for restriction.
2. Fill oil tank with specified engine
oil.
3. Inspect spark plug and replace it
with recommended type.
4. Check and replace oil with
specified type.
5. Replace oil with fresh, specified
type.
6. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
7. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
8. Distribute load to place boat on an
even plane.
9. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
10. Drain filter cup.
1. Have propeller repaired or
replaced.
2. Install correct propeller to operate
outboard at its recommended
speed (r/min) range.
3. Adjust trim angle to achieve most
efficient operation.
4. Have motor adjusted to proper
transom height.
5. Find and correct cause of warning.
6. Clean boat bottom.
7. Inspect spark plug(s). Clean or
replace with recommended type.
8. Remove foreign matter and clean
lower unit.
9. Check for pinched or kinked fuel
line or other obstructions in fuel
system.
10. Clean or replace filter.
11. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
12. Inspect and adjust as specified.
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Page 5
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Trouble
Possible Cause
13. Poor connections or damaged
ignition wiring.
14. Failed ignition parts.
15. Specified engine oil not used.
16. Thermostat faulty or clogged.
E. Engine power loss.
17. Air vent screw closed.
18. Fuel pump damaged.
19. Fuel joint connection incorrect.
20. Heat range of spark plug incorrect.
21. Engine not responding properly to
shift lever position.
1. Propeller damaged.
2. Propeller shaft damaged.
F. Engine vibrates
excessively.
3. Weeds or other foreign matter
tangled on propeller.
4. Motor mounting bolt loose.
5. Steering pivot loose or damaged.
5-4
Remedy
13. Check wires for wear or breaks.
Tighten all loose connections.
Replace worn or broken wires.
14. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
15. Check and replace oil with
specified type.
16. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
17. Open the air vent screw.
18. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
19. Connect correctly.
20. Inspect spark plug and replace it
with recommended type.
21. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
1. Have propeller repaired or
replaced.
2. Have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
3. Remove and clean propeller.
4. Tighten bolt.
5. Tighten or have serviced by a
Yamaha dealer.
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Page 6
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EMN20010
TEMPORARY ACTION IN
EMERGENCY
EMH80010
IMPACT DAMAGE
w
The outboard motor can be seriously
damaged by a collision while operating
or trailering. Damage could make the outboard motor unsafe to operate.
607011
If the outboard motor hits any object in
the water, follow the procedure below;
1) Stop the engine immediately .
2) Inspect control system and all components for damage . Also, inspect the
boat damage .
3) However damage is found or not
found, go back to a nearest harbor
slowly and carefully.
4) Have a Yamaha dealer inspection of
the outboard motor, before operating
it again.
5-5
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Page 7
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POWER TRIM/TILT WILL NOT OPERATE
60/75/85
60/75/85
q
411012*
115
q
411025
If the engine cannot be tilted up or down
with the power trim and tilt because of a
discharged battery or a failure with the
power trim and tilt unit, the engine can be
tilted manually. Loosen the manual valve
screw clockwise until it stops. Put the
engine in the desired position, then tighten the manual valve screw counterclockwise.
115
If the engine cannot be tilted up or down
with the power trim and tilt because of a
discharged battery or a failure with the
power trim and tilt unit, the engine can be
tilted manually. Loosen the manual valve
screw counterclockwise until it stops. Put
the engine in the desired position, then
tighten the manual valve screw clockwise.
1 Manual valve screw
5-6
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Page 8
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EMN30210
STARTER WILL NOT OPERATE
If the starter mechanism does not operate
(engine cannot be cranked with the
starter), the engine can be started with an
emergency starter rope.
w
8 Use this procedure only in an emergency and only to return to port for
repairs.
8 When the emergency starter rope is
used to start the engine, the start-ingear protection device does not operate. Make sure the transmission is in
neutral. Otherwise, the boat could
unexpectedly start to move, which
could result in an accident.
8 Be sure no one is standing behind you
when pulling the starter rope. It could
whip behind you and injure someone.
8 An unguarded rotating flywheel is very
dangerous. Keep loose clothing and
other objects away when starting the
engine. Use the emergency starter rope
only as instructed. Do not touch the flywheel or other moving parts when the
engine is running. Do not install the
starter mechanism or top cowling after
the engine is running.
8 Do not touch the ignition coil, high
voltage wire, spark plug cap or other
electrical components when starting of
operating the motor. You could be
shocked.
5-7
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Page 9
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Procedure
1) Remove the top cowling.
2) Remove the flywheel cover by removing the bolts.
3)
208022
OFF
ON
START
701026
Prepare the engine for starting. See
“STARTING ENGINE” for procedures.
Be sure the engine is in Neutral and
that the lanyard is attached to the
engine stop switch. The main switch
must be on.
NOTE:
8 In this case, choke switch will not operate. Pull out the choke knob when
engine is cold.
8 Without setting the main switch to
“ON”, it is impossible to start the
engine.
4)
208016
To start the engine with the emergency starter rope, insert the knotted
end of the rope into the notch in the
flywheel rotor and wind the rope several turns clockwise. Then, give a
strong pull straight out to crank the
engine. Repeat if necessary.
w
Do not install the top cowling when
engine is running.
5-8
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Page 10
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EMN50011
TREATMENT OF SUBMERGED
MOTOR
107012
If the outboard motor is submerged,
immediately take it a Yamaha dealer. Otherwise, some corrosion may begin almost
immediately. If you cannot immediately
take the outboard motor to a Yamaha
dealer, follow the procedure bellow for
taking care to minimize engine damage.
1)
2)
3)
4)
107013
5)
Thoroughly wash away mud, salt,
seaweed, etc. with fresh water.
Remove the spark plugs and face the
spark plug holes downward to allow
any water, mud or contaminants to
drain.
Drain the fuel from the carburetor.
Feed fogging oil or engine oil through
the carburetors and spark plug holes
while cranking with the manual
starter or emergency starter rope.
Take the outboard motor to a Yamaha
dealer as soon as possible.
cC
Do not attempt to run the motor until it
has been completely inspected.
107014
5-9
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Page 1
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EMP00010
Chapter 6
INDEX
1
INDEX........................................................6-1
2
3
4
5
6
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Page 2
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EMP10010
INDEX
A
Adjusting idling speed ..........................4-17
Adjusting trim angle..............................3-17
Air vent screw...........................................2-3
B
Battery care...............................................4-9
Battery requirement.................................1-7
Bow down...............................................3-19
Bow up ....................................................3-19
Breaking in (running in) engine..............3-7
C
Changing gear oil...................................4-25
Checking battery ....................................4-29
Checking bolts and nuts........................4-32
Checking fuel system ............................4-14
Checking painted surface of motor......4-32
Checking power trim and tilt system...4-22
Checking propeller.................................4-23
Checking wiring and connectors..........4-19
Choke knob ...............................................2-8
Choke switch ............................................2-6
Cleaning and adjusting spark plug ......4-12
Cleaning cooling-water passages ........4-32
Cleaning fuel filter..................................4-15
Cleaning fuel tank ..................................4-27
Cleaning the outboard motor ...............4-32
Coating the boat mottom......................4-32
Connecting the battery..........................4-31
Cruising in other conditions .................3-24
Cruising in salt water.............................3-24
Cruising in turbid water ........................3-24
D
Disconnecting the battery .....................4-31
E
Emission control information.................1-2
Engine oil ..................................................1-6
Engine stop lanyard switch.....................2-6
Exhaust leakage .....................................4-19
F
Filling fuel .................................................3-4
Filling fuel and engine oil........................3-4
Flushing cooling system .........................4-7
Forward...................................................3-14
Fuel hose joint ..........................................2-3
Fuel meter.................................................2-3
Fuel tank ............................................2-3, 4-6
Fuel tank cap.............................................2-3
Fueling instructiions ................................1-5
G
Gasoline (petrol) and oil mixing.............3-4
Gasoline(petrol) .......................................1-6
Greasing..................................................4-20
I
Identification numbers record ................1-1
Impact damage ........................................5-6
Inspection and replacing anode ...........4-28
Installation ................................................3-1
K
Key number ..............................................1-1
M
Main components....................................2-1
Main switch ..............................................2-5
Maintenance chart .................................4-11
Motor exterior ........................................4-32
Mounting height ......................................3-3
Mounting the outboard motor ...............3-2
N
Neutral interlock trigger ..........................2-4
Neutral throttle lever ...............................2-5
O
Operation of controls and other
functions ...................................................2-3
Outboard motor serial number ..............1-1
Overheat warning ..................................2-11
P
Periodic maintenance ...........................4-10
Power trim/tilt switch...............................2-7
Power trim/tilt will not operate...............5-6
Pre-operation checks ...............................3-6
6-1
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Page 3
E
Propeller selection ...................................1-8
R
Remote control.........................................2-4
Remote control lever ...............................2-4
Replacement parts.................................4-10
Replacing fuse........................................4-18
Reverse ...................................................3-14
S
Safety information ...................................1-3
Shifting....................................................3-14
Specification data ....................................4-1
Start-in-gear protection...........................1-9
Starter will not operate............................5-7
Starting engine.........................................3-9
Stopping engine.....................................3-15
Stroring outboard motor.........................4-6
T
Tachometer...............................................2-9
Temporary action in emergency............5-5
Throttle friction adjusting screw ............2-7
Tilt lock mechanism.................................2-9
Tilt support lever....................................2-10
Tilting up/down ......................................3-20
Top cowling lock levers.........................2-10
Trailering outboard motor ......................4-5
Transporting and storing outboard
motor.........................................................4-5
Treatment of submerged motor ............5-9
Trim angle adjusting rod.........................2-9
Trim meter ................................................2-9
Trim tab.....................................................2-8
Trimming outboard motor....................3-16
Troubleshooting.......................................5-1
W
Warming up engine...............................3-13
Warning system .....................................2-11
Water leakage.........................................4-19
6-2
shiro A5
5/30/00 2:20 PM
Page 1
shiro A5
5/30/00 2:20 PM
Page 1
688-9-S9 \
00.5.25 2:57 PM y [ W 1(1,1)
60F/75A/85A/115B
OW
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
Printed in Japan
April 2000—0.2 ´1 !
688-28199-S9
(60FET,75AED,75AET,85AED,85AET,115BET)
Printed on recycled paper
688-9-S9 \
00.5.25 2:57 PM y [ W 1(2,1)
60F/75A/85A/115B
60F
75A
85A
115B
OWNER’S MANUAL
aper
688-28199-S9