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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
RS16FS | User’s Guide
Version 6.1A
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Preface
About this manual
This manual is the introduction of RS16FScontroller and it aims to help users
know the operations of the disk array system easily. Information contained in this
manual has been reviewed for accuracy, but not for product warranty because of
the various environments/OS/settings, Information and specification will be
changed without further notice. For any update information, please visit
www.Proavio-tech.com and your contact windows.
Copyright@2008, Proavio, U.S.A. All rights reserved.
Thank you for using Proavio, U.S.A., products; if you have any question, please
e-mail to “support@proavio.com”. We will answer your question as soon as
possible.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
RAID introduction.......................................... 5
Features........................................................................... 5
Terminology ..................................................................... 6
RAID levels ...................................................................... 9
Volume relationship diagram ......................................... 10
Chapter 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
Getting started ............................................. 11
Before starting................................................................ 11
Storage introduction....................................................... 11
Management methods ................................................... 12
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.4
Web GUI............................................................................................... 12
Console serial port ............................................................................... 13
Remote control – secure shell .............................................................. 13
Enclosure ....................................................................... 13
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3
LCM...................................................................................................... 13
System buzzer...................................................................................... 15
LED ...................................................................................................... 16
Chapter 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Web GUI guideline....................................... 17
Web GUI hierarchy ........................................................ 17
Login .............................................................................. 18
Quick install.................................................................... 19
System configuration ..................................................... 20
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
3.4.5
3.5
System setting...................................................................................... 21
IP address ............................................................................................ 21
Login setting ......................................................................................... 22
Mail setting ........................................................................................... 23
Notification setting ................................................................................ 24
Volume configuration ..................................................... 26
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3
3.5.4
3.5.5
3.5.6
3.5.7
3.6
Volume create wizard ........................................................................... 26
Physical disk......................................................................................... 29
RAID group........................................................................................... 32
Virtual disk............................................................................................ 35
Snapshot .............................................................................................. 39
Logical unit ........................................................................................... 41
Example ............................................................................................... 42
Enclosure management ................................................. 47
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.6.4
3.7
SES configuration................................................................................. 48
Hardware monitor ................................................................................. 48
Hard drive S.M.A.R.T. support ............................................................. 49
UPS ...................................................................................................... 50
System maintenance ..................................................... 52
3.7.1
3.7.2
3.7.3
System information............................................................................... 52
Upgrade................................................................................................ 52
Reset to factory default......................................................................... 53
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3.7.4
3.7.5
3.7.6
3.8
Import and export ................................................................................. 53
Event log .............................................................................................. 54
Reboot and shutdown........................................................................... 55
Logout ............................................................................ 55
Chapter 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
Rebuild........................................................................... 56
RG migration.................................................................. 58
VD Extension ................................................................. 59
Snapshot / Rollback ....................................................... 60
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.5
4.6
4.7
Advanced operation .................................... 56
Create snapshot volume....................................................................... 61
Auto snapshot ...................................................................................... 63
Rollback................................................................................................ 64
Disk roaming .................................................................. 65
SAS JBOD expansion.................................................... 65
Support Microsoft MPIO................................................. 68
Appendix............................................................................ 69
A.
B.
C.
D.
Certification list............................................................... 69
Event notifications.......................................................... 71
Known issues................................................................. 75
Installation steps for large volume (TB).......................... 75
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Chapter 1 RAID introduction
1.1 Features
RS16FScontroller is a high-performance RAID controller.
•
•
Backplane solution
Fibre Channel (FC x2) – to – SATA II/SAS (xN bays) RAID controller.
Features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Front-end 2-ported 4Gb FC ports with load-balancing & failover for high
availability.
RAID 6, 60 ready.
Snapshot without relying on host software. (optional)
SATA II drive backward-compatible.
One logic volume can be shared by as many as 16 hosts.
Host access control.
Configurable N-way mirror for high data protection.
On-line volume migration with no system down-time.
HDD S.M.A.R.T. enabled for SATA drives.
SAS JBOD expansion support.
Microsoft VSS, VDS support. (optional)
With proper configuration, RS16FScontroller can provide non-stop service with a
high degree of fault tolerance by using UltraStor RAID technology and advanced
array management features. The controller features are slightly different between
the backplane solution and cable solution. For more details, please contact your
direct sales or email to “sales@Proavio-tech.com”.
RS16FScontroller connects to the host system in fibre channel interface. It can
be configured to any RAID level. The controller provides reliable data protection
for servers and RAID 6. The RAID 6 allows two HDD failures without producing
any impact on the existing data. Data can be recovered from the existing data
and parity drives. (Data can be recovered from the rest disks/drives.)
Snapshot-on-the-box is a fully usable copy of a defined collection of data that
contains an image of the data as it appeared at the point in time, which means a
point-in-time data replication. It provides consistent and instant copies of data
volumes without any system downtime. ULTRASTOR Snapshot-on-the-box can
keep up to 32 snapshots for all data volumes. Rollback feature is provided for
restoring the previous-snapshot data easily while continuously using the volume
for further data access. The data access which includes read/ write is working as
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usual without any impact to end users. The "on-the-box" implies that it does not
require any proprietary agents installed at host side. The snapshot is taken at
target side and done by ULTRASTOR controller. It will not consume any host
CPU time thus the server is dedicated to the specific or other application. The
snapshot copies can be taken manually or by schedule every hour or every day,
depends on the modification.
ULTRASTOR controller is the most cost-effective disk array controller with
completely integrated high-performance and data-protection capabilities which
meet or exceed the highest industry standards, and the best data solution for
small/medium business (SMB) users.
Caution
Snapshot / rollback features need 512MB RAM or more.
Please refer to RAM certification list in Appendix A for more
detail.
1.2 Terminology
The document uses the following terms:
RAID
RAID is the abbreviation of “Redundant Array of Independent
Disks”. There are different RAID levels with different degree
of the data protection, data availability, and performance to
host environment.
PD
The Physical Disk belongs to the member disk of one specific
RAID group.
RG
RAID group. A collection of removable media. One RG
consists of a set of VDs and owns one RAID level attribute.
VD
Virtual disk. Each RG could be divided into several VDs. The
VDs from one RG share the same RAID level, but may have
different volume capacity.
CV
Cache Volume. Controller uses onboard memory as cache.
All RAM (except for the part which is occupied by the
controller) can be used as cache.
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LUN
Logical Unit Number. A logical unit number (LUN) is a unique
identifier which enables it to differentiate among separate
devices (each one is a logical unit).
GUI
Graphic User Interface.
RAID width,
RAID copy,
RAID row
(RAID cell in
one row)
RAID width, copy and row are used to describe one RG.
E.g.:
1.
One 4-disk RAID 0 volume: RAID width= 4; RAID
copy=1; RAID row=1.
2.
One 3-way mirroring volume: RAID width=1; RAID
copy=3; RAID row=1.
3.
One RAID 10 volume over 3 4-disk RAID 1 volume:
RAID width=1; RAID copy=4; RAID row=3.
WT
Write-Through cache-write policy. A caching technique in
which the completion of a write request is not signaled until
data is safely stored in non-volatile media. Each data is
synchronized in both data cache and accessed physical disks.
WB
Write-Back cache-write policy. A caching technique in which
the completion of a write request is signaled as soon as the
data is in cache and actual writing to non-volatile media
occurs at a later time. It speeds up system write performance
but needs to bear the risk where data may be inconsistent
between data cache and the physical disks in one short time
interval.
RO
Set the volume to be Read-Only.
DS
Dedicated Spare disks. The spare disks are only used by one
specific RG. Others could not use these dedicated spare disks
for any rebuilding purpose.
GS
Global Spare disks. GS is shared for rebuilding purpose. If
some RGs need to use the global spare disks for rebuilding,
they could get the spare disks out from the common spare
disks pool for such requirement.
DC
Dedicated Cache.
GC
Global Cache.
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DG
DeGraded mode. Not all of the array’s member disks are
functioning, but the array is able to respond to application
read and write requests to its virtual disks.
SCSI
Small Computer Systems Interface.
SAS
Serial Attached SCSI.
iSCSI
Internet Small Computer Systems Interface.
SAS
Serial Attached SCSI.
FC
Fibre Channel.
S.M.A.R.T.
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology.
WWN
World Wide Name.
HBA
Host Bus Adapter.
SAF-TE
SCSI Accessed Fault-Tolerant Enclosures.
SES
SCSI Enclosure Services.
NIC
Network Interface Card.
LACP
Link Aggregation Control Protocol.
MPIO
Multi-Path Input/Output.
MC/S
Multiple Connections per Session
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit.
CHAP
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol. An optional
security mechanism to control access to an iSCSI storage
system over the iSCSI data ports.
iSNS
Internet Storage Name Service.
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1.3 RAID levels
RAID 0
Disk striping. RAID 0 needs at least one hard drive.
RAID 1
Disk mirroring over two disks. RAID 1 needs at least two hard
drives.
N-way
mirror
Extension to RAID 1 level. It has N copies of the disk.
RAID 3
Striping with parity on the dedicated disk. RAID 3 needs at
least three hard drives.
RAID 5
Striping with interspersed parity over the member disks. RAID
3 needs at least three hard drives.
RAID 6
2-dimensional parity protection over the member disks. RAID
6 needs at least four hard drives.
RAID 0+1
Mirroring of the member RAID 0 volumes. RAID 0+1 needs at
least four hard drives.
RAID 10
Striping over the member RAID 1 volumes. RAID 10 needs at
least four hard drives.
RAID 30
Striping over the member RAID 3 volumes. RAID 30 needs at
least six hard drives.
RAID 50
Striping over the member RAID 5 volumes. RAID 50 needs at
least six hard drives.
RAID 60
Striping over the member RAID 6 volumes. RAID 60 needs at
least eight hard drives.
JBOD
The abbreviation of “Just a Bunch Of Disks”. JBOD needs at
least one hard drive.
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1.4 Volume relationship diagram
LUN 1
VD 1
LUN 2
LUN 3
VD 2
Snap
VD
+
+
+
RG
PD 1
PD 2
Dedicated
CV
Global CV
PD 3
DS
RAM
Figure 1.4.1
This is the volume structure of ULTRASTOR designed. It describes the
relationship of RAID components. One RG (RAID group) consists of a set of VDs
(Virtual disk) and owns one RAID level attribute. Each RG can be divided into
several VDs. The VDs in one RG share the same RAID level, but may have
different volume capacity. Each VD will be associated with one specific CV
(Cache Volume) to execute the data transaction. Each CV can have different
cache memory size by user’s modification/setting. LUN (Logical Unit Number) is
a unique identifier, in which users can access through SCSI commands.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Chapter 2 Getting started
2.1 Before starting
Before starting, prepare the following items.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Check “Certification list” in Appendix A to confirm the hardware
setting is fully supported.
Read the latest release note before upgrading. Release note
accompany with firmware.
A server with a FC HBA.
FC cables.
CAT 5e, or CAT 6 network cables for management port.
Prepare storage system configuration plan.
Management port network information. When using static IP, please
prepare static IP addresses, subnet mask, and default gateway.
Setup the hardware connection before power on servers and
ULTRASTOR controllers. Connect FC cables, console cable, and
management port cable in advance.
2.2 Storage introduction
RS16FSis a fibre channel network technology primarily used for storage network.
It started use primarily in the supercomputer field, but has become the standard
connection type for storage area networks (SAN) in enterprise storage.
Host 2
(initiator)
FC
HBA
Host 1
(initiator)
FC
HBA
SAN
FC device 1
(target)
FC device 2
(target)
Figure 2.2.1
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
The target is the storage device itself or an appliance which controls and serves
volumes or virtual volumes. The target is the device which performs SCSI
commands or bridges to an attached storage device.
2.3 Management methods
There are three management methods to manage ULTRASTOR RS16 FS
controller, describe in the following:
2.3.1
Web GUI
RS16FScontrollers support graphic user interface to manage the system. Be
sure to connect LAN cable. The default setting of management port IP is DHCP
and DHCP address displays on LCM; user can inspect LCM for IP first, then
open the browser and type the DHCP address: (The DHCP address is dynamic
and user may need to check every time after reboot.) When DHCP service is not
available, controllers use zero configuration (Zeroconf) to get an IP address.
Take an example on LCM:
192.168.10.50
UltrsStor RS16 F ←
http://192.168.10.50
or
https://192.168.10.50 (https: connection with encrypted Secure Sockets Layer
(SSL). Please be aware of the https is slower than http. https is supported on
some specified models.)
Click any function at the first time; it will pop up a dialog to authenticate current
user.
Login name: admin
Default password: 1234
Or login with read-only account which only allows reading the configuration and
cannot change setting.
Login name: user
Default password: 1234
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2.3.2
Console serial port
Use NULL modem cable to connect console port.
The console setting is baud rate: 115200, 8 bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity.
Terminal type: vt100
Login name: admin
Default password: 1234
2.3.3
Remote control – secure shell
SSH (secure shell) is required for controllers to remote login. The SSH client
software is available at the following web site:
SSHWinClient WWW: http://www.ssh.com/
Putty WWW: http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/
Host name: 192.168.10.50 (Please check your DHCP address for this field.)
Login name: admin
Default password: 1234
Tips
ULTRASTOR RS16 FC controllers only support SSH for
remote control. For using SSH, the IP address and password
are required for login.
2.4 Enclosure
2.4.1
LCM
There are four buttons to control RS16FSLCM (LCD Control Module), including:
c (up), d (down), ESC (Escape), and ENT (Enter).
After booting up the system, the following screen shows management port IP and
model name:
192.168.10.50
RS16FS←
Press “ENT”, the LCM functions “System Info.”, “Alarm Mute”,
“Reset/Shutdown”, “Quick Install”, “Volume Wizard”, “View IP Setting”,
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“Change IP Config” and “Reset to Default” will rotate by pressing c (up) and
d (down).
When there is WARNING or ERROR occurred (LCM default filter), the LCM
shows the event log to give users more detail from front panel.
The following table is function description.
System Info.
Display system information.
Alarm Mute
Mute alarm when error occurs.
Reset/Shutdown
Reset or shutdown controller.
Quick Install
Quick steps to create a volume. Please refer to next
chapter for operation in web UI.
Volume Wizard
Smart steps to create a volume. Please refer to next
chapter for operation in web UI.
View IP Setting
Display current IP address, subnet mask, and gateway.
Change IP
Config
Set IP address, subnet mask, and gateway. There are 2
options: DHCP (Get IP address from DHCP server) or
static IP.
Reset to Default
Reset to default will set password to default: 1234, and
set IP address to default as DHCP setting.
Default IP address: 192.168.10.50 (DHCP)
Default subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: 192.168.10.254
The following is LCM menu hierarchy.
Proavio,
U.S.A.
cd
[System Info.]
[Alarm Mute]
[Firmware
Version
x.x.x]
[RAM Size
xxx MB]
[cYes
Nod]
[Reset]
[Reset/Shutdown]
[Shutdown]
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[cYes
Nod]
[cYes
Nod]
RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
[Quick Install]
[Volume Wizard]
[View IP Setting]
RAID 0
RAID 1
RAID 3
RAID 5
RAID 6
RAID 0+1
xxx GB
[Local]
RAID 0
RAID 1
RAID 3
RAID 5
RAID 6
RAID 0+1
[JBOD x] cd
RAID 0
RAID 1
RAID 3
RAID 5
RAID 6
RAID 0+1
[IP Config]
[Static IP]
[IP Address]
[192.168.010.050]
[IP Subnet Mask]
[255.255.255.0]
[IP Gateway]
[192.168.010.254]
[DHCP]
[Apply The
Config]
[cYes
Nod]
[Use default
algorithm]
[Volume
Size]
xxx GB
[Apply
The
Config]
[cYes
Nod]
Adjust
Volume Size
[Apply
The
Config]
[cYes
Nod]
[new x disk]
cd
xxx BG
[cYes
Nod]
[IP Address]
[Change IP
Config]
[Reset to Default]
[Static IP]
[cYes
[IP Subnet
Mask]
[IP
Gateway]
[Apply IP
Setting]
Adjust IP
address
Adjust
Submask IP
Adjust
Gateway IP
[cYes
Nod]
Nod]
Caution
Before power off, it is better to execute “Shutdown” to flush
the data from cache to physical disks.
2.4.2
System buzzer
The system buzzer features are listed below:
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1.
2.
3.
2.4.3
The system buzzer alarms 1 second when system boots up
successfully.
The system buzzer alarms continuously when there is error occurred.
The alarm will be stopped after error resolved or be muted.
The alarm will be muted automatically when the error is resolved. E.g.,
when RAID 5 is degraded and alarm rings immediately, user
changes/adds one physical disk for rebuilding. When the rebuilding is
done, the alarm will be muted automatically.
LED
The LED features are listed below:
1. Marquee / Disk Status / Disk Rebuilding LED: The Marquee / Disk
Status / Disk Rebuilding LEDs are displayed in the same LEDs. The
LEDs indicates different functions in different stages.
I.
Marquee LEDs: When system powers on and successfully boots
up, the Marquee LED is on until the system boots successful.
II.
Disk status LEDs: the LEDs reflect the disk status for the tray.
Only On/Off situation.
III.
Disk rebuilding LEDs: the LEDs are blinking when the disks are
under rebuilding.
2. Disk Access LED: Hardware activated LED when accessing disks (IO).
3. Disk Power LED: Hardware activated LED when the disks are plugged
in and powered on.
4. System status LED: Used to reflect the system status by turning on
the LED when error occurs or RAID malfunction happens.
5. Management LAN port LED: GREEN LED is for LAN transmit/receive
indication. ORANGE LED is for LAN port 10/100 LINK indication.
6. BUSY LED: Hardware activated LED when the front-end channel is
busy.
7. POWER LED: Hardware activated LED when system is powered on.
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Chapter 3 Web GUI guideline
3.1 Web GUI hierarchy
The below table is the hierarchy of web GUI.
Æ Step 1 / Step 2 / Confirm
Quick installation
System configuration
System setting Æ System name / Date and time
IP address Æ MAC address / Address / DNS / port
Login setting Æ Login configuration / Admin password / User
password
Mail setting Æ Mail
Notification Æ SNMP / Messenger / System log server / Event log
filter
setting
Volume configuration
Step 1 / Step 2 / Step 3 / Step 4 / Confirm
Volume create
wizard
Physical disk Æ Set Free disk / Set Global spare / Set Dedicated
spare / Set property / More information
RAID group Æ Create / Migrate / Activate / Deactivate / Scrub /
Delete / Set disk property / More information
Virtual disk Æ Create / Extend / Scrub / Delete / Set property /
Attach LUN / Detach LUN / List LUN / Set snapshot
space / Cleanup snapshot / Take snapshot / Auto
snapshot / List snapshot / More information
Snapshot Æ Cleanup snapshot / Auto snapshot / Take snapshot /
Export / Rollback / Delete
Logical unit Æ Attach / Detach
Enclosure management
SES Æ Enable / Disable
configuration
Hardware Æ Auto shutdown
monitor
S.M.A.R.T. Æ S.M.A.R.T. information
(Only for SATA disks)
UPS Æ UPS Type / Shutdown battery level / Shutdown delay /
Shutdown UPS
Maintenance
System
information
Upgrade
Reset to default
Import and
export
Event log
Æ System information
Æ Browse the firmware to upgrade / Export configuration
Æ Sure to reset to factory default?
Æ Import/Export / Import file
Æ Download / Mute / Clear
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Reboot and Æ Reboot / Shutdown
shutdown
Sure to logout?
Logout
3.2 Login
ULTRASTOR RS16 FS controller supports graphic user interface (GUI) to
operate the system. Be sure to connect the LAN cable. The default IP setting is
DHCP; open the browser and enter:
http://192.168.10.50 (Please check the DHCP address first on LCM.)
Click any function at the first time; it will pop up a dialog for authentication.
Login name: admin
Default password: 1234
After login, you can choose the functions which lists on the left side of window to
make configuration.
Figure 3.2.1
There are six indicators at the top-right corner for backplane solutions, and
cabling solutions have three indicators at the top-right corner.
Figure 3.2.2
1.
RAID light: Green means RAID works well. Red represents RAID
failure.
2.
Temperature light: Green means normal temperature. Red
represents abnormal temperature.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
3.
Voltage light: Green means normal voltage. Red represents
abnormal voltage..
4.
UPS light: Green means UPS works well. Red represents UPS
failure.
5.
Fan light: Green means Fan works well. Red represents fan
failure. (Only for backplane solution)
6.
Power light: Green means Power works well. Red represents
power failure. (Only for backplane solution)
3.3 Quick install
It is easy to use “Quick install” to create a volume. It uses whole physical disks
to create a RG; the system will calculate maximum spaces on RAID levels
0/1/3/5/6/0+1. “Quick install” will occupy all residual RG space for one VD, and
it has no space for snapshot and spare. If snapshot is needed, please create
volumes by manual, and refer to section 4.4 for more detail. If some physical
disks are used in other RGs, “Quick install” can not be run because the
operation is valid only when all physical disks in this system are free.
Step 1: Click “Quick install”, then choose the RAID level. After choosing the
”. It will link to another page.
RAID level, then click “
Figure 3.3.1
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Step 2: Confirm page. Click “
a VD will be created.
” if all setups are correct. Then
Done. You can start to use the system now.
Figure 3.3.2
(Figure 3.3.2: A RAID 0 Virtual disk with the VD name “QUICK16150”, named by system
itself, with the total available volume size 271GB.)
3.4 System configuration
“System configuration” is designed for setting up the “System setting”, “IP
address”, “Login setting”, “Mail setting”, and “Notification setting”.
Figure 3.4.1
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3.4.1
System setting
“System setting” can set system name and date. Default “System name”
composed of model name and serial number of this system.
Figure 3.4.1.1
Check “Change date and time” to set up the current date, time, and time zone
before using or synchronize time from NTP (Network Time Protocol) server.
3.4.2
IP address
“IP address” can change IP address for remote administration usage. There are
2 options, DHCP (Get IP address from DHCP server) or static IP. The default
setting is DHCP. User can change the HTTP, HTTPS, and SSH port number
when the default port number is not allowed on host/server.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Figure 3.4.2.1
3.4.3
Login setting
“Login setting” can set single admin, auto logout time and Admin/User
password. The single admin can prevent multiple users access the same
controller at the same time.
1.
2.
Auto logout: The options are (1) Disable; (2) 5 minutes; (3) 30 minutes;
(4) 1 hour. The system will log out automatically when user is inactive
for a period of time.
Login lock: Disable/Enable. When the login lock is enabled, the
system allows only one user to login or modify system settings.
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Figure 3.4.3.1
Check “Change admin password” or “Change user password” to change
admin or user password. The maximum length of password is 12 characters.
3.4.4
Mail setting
“Mail setting” can enter at most 3 mail addresses for receiving the event
notification. Some mail servers would check “Mail-from address” and need
authentication for anti-spam. Please fill the necessary fields and click “Send test
mail” to test whether email functions are available. User can also select which
levels of event logs are needed to be sent via Mail. Default setting only enables
ERROR and WARNING event logs.
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Figure 3.4.4.1
3.4.5
Notification setting
“Notification setting” can set up SNMP trap for alerting via SNMP, pop-up
message via Windows messenger (not MSN), alert via syslog protocol, and event
log filter.
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Figure 3.4.5.1
“SNMP” allows up to 3 SNMP trap addresses. Default community setting is
“public”. User can choose the event log levels and default setting only enables
INFO event log in SNMP. There are many SNMP tools. The following web sites
are for your reference:
SNMPc: http://www.snmpc.com/
Net-SNMP: http://net-snmp.sourceforge.net/
Using “Messenger”, user must enable the service “Messenger” in Windows
(Start Æ Control Panel Æ Administrative Tools Æ Services Æ Messenger), and
then event logs can be received. It allows up to 3 messenger addresses. User
can choose the event log levels and default setting enables the WARNING and
ERROR event logs.
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Using “System log server”, user can choose the facility and the event log level.
The default port of syslog is 514. The default setting enables event level: INFO,
WARNING and ERROR event logs.
There are some syslog server tools. The following web sites are for your
reference:
WinSyslog: http://www.winsyslog.com/
Kiwi Syslog Daemon: http://www.kiwisyslog.com/
Most UNIX systems build in syslog daemon.
“Event log filter” setting can enable event level on “Pop up events” and “LCM”.
3.5 Volume configuration
“Volume configuration” is designed for setting up the volume configuration
which includes “Volume create wizard”, “Physical disk”, “RAID group”,
“Virtual disk”, “Snapshot”, and “Logical unit”.
Figure 3.5.1
3.5.1
Volume create wizard
“Volume create wizard” has a smarter policy. When the system is inserted with
some HDDs. “Volume create wizard” lists all possibilities and sizes in different
RAID levels, it will use all available HDDs for RAID level depends on which user
chooses. When system has different sizes of HDDs, e.g., 8*200G and 8*80G, it
lists all possibilities and combination in different RAID level and different sizes.
After user chooses RAID level, user may find that some HDDs are available (free
status). The result is using smarter policy designed by Proavio, U.S.A.. It gives
user:
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1.
2.
Biggest capacity of RAID level for user to choose and,
The fewest disk number for RAID level / volume size.
E.g., user chooses RAID 5 and the controller has 12*200G + 4*80G HDDs
inserted. If we use all 16 HDDs for a RAID 5, and then the maximum size of
volume is 1200G (80G*15). By the wizard, we do smarter check and find out the
most efficient way of using HDDs. The wizard only uses 200G HDDs (Volume
size is 200G*11=2200G), the volume size is bigger and fully uses HDD capacity.
Step 1: Select “Volume create wizard” and then choose the RAID level. After
”. Then it will link to next
the RAID level is chosen, click “
page.
Figure 3.5.1.1
Step 2: Please select the combination of the RG capacity, or “Use default
algorithm” for maximum RG capacity. After RG size is chosen, click
”.
“
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Figure 3.5.1.2
Step 3: Decide VD size. User can enter a number less or equal to the default
number. Then click “
”.
Figure 3.5.1.3
Step 4: Confirm page. Click “
a VD will be created.
” if all setups are correct. Then
Done. You can start to use the system now.
Figure 3.5.1.4
(Figure 3.5.1.4: A RAID 0 Virtual disk with the VD name “QUICK13573”, named by system
itself, with the total available volume size 1862GB.)
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3.5.2
Physical disk
“Physical disk” can view the status of hard drives in the system. The followings
are operational tips:
1.
2.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the number of slot, it will show
the functions which can be executed.
Active function can be selected, but inactive function will show in gray
color.
For example, set PD slot number 11 to dedicated spare disk.
Step 1: Mouse moves to the gray button of PD 11, select “Set Dedicated
spare”, it will link to next page.
Figure 3.5.2.1
Step 2: Maybe it has some RGs which can be set dedicate spare disk, select
”.
which one will be added, then click “
Figure 3.5.2.2
Done. View “Physical disk” page.
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Figure 3.5.2.3
(Figure 3.5.2.3: Physical disks of slot 1,2,3 are created for a RG named “RG-R5”. Slot 4 is
set as dedicated spare disk of RG named “RG-R6”. The others are free disks.)
•
PD column description:
Slot
The position of hard drives. The button next to the
number of slot shows the functions which can be
executed.
Size (GB)
Capacity of hard drive.
RG Name
Related RAID group name.
Status
The status of hard drive.
“Online” Æ the hard drive is online.
“Rebuilding” Æ the hard drive is being rebuilt.
“Transition” Æ the hard drive is being migrated or is
replaced by another disk when rebuilding occurs.
“Missing” Æ the hard drive has already joined a RG
but not plugged into the disk tray of current
system.
Health
The health of hard drive.
“Good” Æ the hard drive is good.
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“Failed” Æ the hard drive is failed.
“Error Alert” Æ S.M.A.R.T. error alert.
“Read Errors” Æ the hard drive has unrecoverable
read errors.
Usage
“RD” Æ RAID Disk. This hard drive has been set to
RAID.
“FR” Æ FRee disk. This hard drive is free for use.
“DS” Æ Dedicated Spare. This hard drive has been
set to the dedicated spare of the RG.
“GS” Æ Global Spare. This hard drive has been set to
a global spare of all RGs.
“RS” Æ ReServe. The hard drive contains the RG
information but cannot be used. It may be
caused by an uncompleted RG set, or hot-plug of
this disk in the running time. In order to protect
the data in the disk, the status changes to
reserve. It can be reused after setting it to “FR”
manually.
Vendor
Hard drive vendor.
Serial
Hard drive serial number.
Type
Hard drive type.
“SATA” Æ SATA disk.
“SATA2” Æ SATA II disk.
“SAS” Æ SAS disk.
•
Write cache
Hard drive write cache is enabled or disabled.
Standby
HDD auto spindown to save power. The default value
is disabled.
PD operations description:
Set Free disk
Make the selected hard drive to be free for use.
Set Global
spare
Set the selected hard drive to global spare of all RGs.
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Set
Dedicated
spares
Set hard drive to dedicated spare of selected RGs.
Set property
Change the status of write cache and standby.
Write cache options:
“Enabled” Æ Enable disk write cache.
“Disabled” Æ Disable disk write cache.
Standby options:
“Disabled” Æ Disable spindown.
“30 sec / 1 min / 5 min / 30 min” Æ Enable hard drive
auto spindown to save power in the period of
time.
More
information
3.5.3
Show hard drive detail information.
RAID group
“RAID group” can view the status of each RAID group. The following is an
example to create a RG.
Step 1: Click “
“
”, enter “Name”, choose “RAID level”, click
” to select PD. Then click “
”.
Figure 3.5.3.1
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Step 2: Confirm page. Click “
” if all setups are correct.
Figure 3.5.3.2
(Figure 3.5.3.2: There is a RAID 0 with 4 physical disks, named “RG-R0”, total size is
135GB. Another is a RAID 5 with 3 physical disks, named “RG-R5”.)
Done. View “RAID group” page.
•
RG column description:
No.
Number of RAID group. The button next to the No.
shows the functions which can be executed.
Name
RAID group name.
Total(GB)
Total capacity of this RAID group.
Free(GB)
Free capacity of this RAID group.
#PD
The number of physical disks in RAID group.
#VD
The number of Virtual disks in RAID group.
Status
The status of RAID group.
“Online” Æ the RAID group is online.
“Offline” Æ the RAID group is offline.
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“Rebuild” Æ the RAID group is being rebuilt.
“Migrate” Æ the RAID group is being migrated.
“Scrub” Æ the RAID group is being scrubbed.
Health
The health of RAID group.
“Good” Æ the RAID group is good.
“Failed” Æ the hard drive is failed.
“Degraded” Æ the RAID group is not completed. The
reason could be lack of one disk or disk failure.
•
RAID
The RAID level of the RAID group.
Enclosure
RG locates on local or JBOD enclosure.
RG operations description:
Create
Create a RAID group.
Migrate
Migrate a RAID group. Please refer to next chapter for
more detail.
Activate
Activate a RAID group; it can be executed when RG
status is offline. This is for online roaming purpose.
Deactivate
Deactivate a RAID group; it can be executed when RG
status is online. This is for online roaming purpose.
Scrub
Scrub a RAID group. It’s a parity regeneration. It
supports RAID 3 / 5 / 6 / 30 / 50 / 60 only.
Delete
Delete a RAID group.
Set disk
property
Change the disk status of write cache and standby.
Write cache options:
“Enabled” Æ Enable disk write cache.
“Disabled” Æ Disable disk write cache.
Standby options:
“Disabled” Æ Disable spindown.
“30 sec / 1 min / 5 min / 30 min” Æ Enable hard drive
auto spindown to save power in the period of
time.
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More
information
3.5.4
Show RAID group detail information.
Virtual disk
“Virtual disk” can view the status of each Virtual disk. The following is an
example to create a VD.
Step 1: Click “
”, enter “Name”, choose “RG name”,
“Stripe height (KB)”, “Block size (B)”, “Read/Write” mode, “Priority”, “Bg
rate” (Background task priority), change “Capacity (GB)” if necessary. Then
click “
”.
Figure 3.5.4.1
” if all setups are correct.
Step 2: Confirm page. Click “
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Figure 3.5.4.2
(Figure 3.5.4.2: Create a VD named “VD-01”, related to “RG-R0”, size is 30GB. The other
VD is named “VD-02”, initializing to 12%.)
Done. View “Virtual disk” page.
•
VD column description:
No.
Number of this Virtual disk. The button next to the VD
No. shows the functions which can be executed.
Name
Virtual disk name.
Size(GB)
Total capacity of the Virtual disk.
Right
“WT” Æ Write Through.
“WB” Æ Write Back.
“RO” Æ Read Only.
Priority
“HI” Æ HIgh priority.
“MD” Æ MiD priority.
“LO” Æ LOw priority.
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Bg rate
Background task priority.
“4 / 3 / 2 / 1 / 0” Æ Default value is 4. The higher
number the background priority of a VD has, the more
background I/O will be scheduled to execute.
Status
The status of Virtual disk.
“Online” Æ the Virtual disk is online.
“Offline” Æ the Virtual disk is offline.
“Initiating” Æ the Virtual disk is being initialized.
“Rebuild” Æ the Virtual disk is being rebuilt.
“Migrate” Æ the Virtual disk is being migrated.
“Rollback” Æ the Virtual disk is being rolled back.
“Scrub” Æ the Virtual disk is being scrubbed.
Health
The health of Virtual disk.
“Optimal” Æ the Virtual disk is operating and has
experienced no failures of the disks that comprise
the RG.
“Degraded” Æ At least one disk which comprises
space of the Virtual disk has been marked as
failed or has been plugged.
“Missing” Æ the Virtual disk has been marked as
missing by the system.
“Failed” Æ the Virtual disk has experienced enough
failures of the disks that comprise the VD for
unrecoverable data loss to occur.
“Part optimal” Æ the Virtual disk has experienced
disk failures.
R%
Ratio of initializing or rebuilding.
RAID
The levels of RAID that Virtual disk is using.
#LUN
Number of LUN(s) that Virtual disk is attaching.
Snapshot
(MB)
The Virtual disk size that used for snapshot. The
number means “Used snapshot space” / “Total
snapshot space”. The unit is in megabytes (MB).
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•
#Snapshot
Number of snapshot(s) that Virtual disk is taken.
RG name
The Virtual disk is related to the RG name
VD operations description:
Extend
Extend a Virtual disk capacity.
Scrub
Scrub a Virtual disk. It’s a parity regeneration. It
supports RAID 3 / 5 / 6 / 30 / 50 / 60 only.
Delete
Delete a Virtual disk.
Set property
Change the VD name, right, priority and bg rate.
Right options:
“WT” Æ Write Through.
“WB” Æ Write Back.
“RO” Æ Read Only.
Priority options:
“HI” Æ HIgh priority.
“MD” Æ MiD priority.
“LO” Æ LOw priority.
Bg rate options:
“4 / 3 / 2 / 1 / 0” Æ Default value is 4. The higher
number the background priority of a VD has, the
more background I/O will be scheduled to
execute.
Attach LUN
Attach to a LUN.
Detach LUN
Detach to a LUN.
List LUN
List attached LUN(s).
Set snapshot
space
Set snapshot space for executing snapshot. Please
refer to next chapter for more detail.
Cleanup
snapshot
Clean all snapshot VD related to the Virtual disk and
release snapshot space.
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3.5.5
Take
snapshot
Take a snapshot on the Virtual disk.
Auto
snapshot
Set auto snapshot on the Virtual disk.
List snapshot
List all snapshot VD related to the Virtual disk.
More
information
Show Virtual disk detail information.
Snapshot
“Snapshot” can view the status of snapshot. Please refer to next chapter for
more detail about snapshot concept. The following is an example to take a
snapshot.
Step 1: Create snapshot space. In “/ Volume configuration / Virtual disk”,
mouse moves to the gray button next to the VD number; click “Set snapshot
space”.
Step 2: Set snapshot space. Then click “
space is created.
”. The snapshot
Figure 3.5.5.1
Figure 3.5.5.2
(Figure 3.5.5.2: “VD-01” snapshot space has been created, snapshot space is 15360MB,
and used 425MB for saving snapshot index.)
Step 3: Take a snapshot. In “/ Volume configuration / Snapshot”, click
“
”. It will link to next page. Enter a snapshot name.
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Figure 3.5.5.3
Step 4: Export the snapshot VD. Move the mouse to the gray button next to the
Snapshot VD number; click “Export”. Enter a capacity for snapshot VD. If size is
zero, the exported snapshot VD will be read only. Otherwise, the exported
snapshot VD can be read / written, and the size will be the maximum capacity to
read / write.
Figure 3.5.5.4
Figure 3.5.5.5
(Figure 3.5.5.5: This is the list of “VD-01”. There are two snapshots in “VD-01”. Snapshot
VD “SnapVD-01” is exported to read only, “SnapVD-02” is exported to read/write.)
Step 5: Attach a LUN for snapshot VD. Please refer to the next section for
attaching a LUN.
Done. Snapshot VD can be used.
•
Snapshot column description:
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No.
Number of this snapshot VD. The button next to the
snapshot VD No. shows the functions which can be
executed.
Name
Snapshot VD name.
Used (MB)
The amount of snapshot space that has been used.
Exported
Snapshot VD is exported or not.
Right
“RW” Æ Read / Write. The snapshot VD can be read /
write.
“RO” Æ Read Only. The snapshot VD can be read
only.
•
3.5.6
#LUN
Number of LUN(s) that snapshot VD is attaching.
Created time
Snapshot VD created time.
Snapshot operations description:
Export /
Private
Export / Private the snapshot VD.
Rollback
Rollback the snapshot VD to the original.
Delete
Delete the snapshot VD.
Attach
Attach to a LUN.
Detach
Detach to a LUN.
List LUN
List attached LUN(s).
Logical unit
“Logical unit” can view the status of attached logical unit number of each VD.
User can attach LUN by clicking the “
”. “Host” must enter a
fibre channel node name for access control, or fill-in wildcard “*”, which means
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every host can access the volume. Choose LUN number and permission, then
click “
”.
Figure 3.5.6.1
Figure 3.5.6.2
(Figure 3.5.6.2: ULTRASTOR RS16 FS, VD-01 is attached to LUN 0 and every host can
access. VD-02 is attached to LUN 1 and only FC note name which is named
“200000051E4214B8” can access.)
•
LUN operations description:
Attach
Attach a logical unit number to a Virtual disk.
Detach
Detach a logical unit number from a Virtual disk.
The matching rules of access control are inspected from top to bottom in
sequence. For example: there are 2 rules for the same VD, one is “*”, LUN 0; and
the other is “host1”, LUN 1. The other host “host2” can login successfully
because it matches the rule 1.
The access will be denied when there is no matching rule.
3.5.7
Example
The following is an example for creating volumes. Example 1 is to create two
VDs and set a global spare disk.
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•
Example 1
Example 1 is to create two VDs in one RG, each VD uses global cache volume.
Global cache volume is created after system boots up automatically. So, no
action is needed to set CV. Then set a global spare disk. Eventually, delete all of
them.
Step 1: Create RG (RAID group).
To create the RAID group, please follow the procedures:
Figure 3.5.7.1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select “/ Volume configuration / RAID group”.
“.
Click “
Input a RG Name, choose a RAID level from the list, click
“
“ to choose the RAID PD slot(s), then click
“
“.
Check the outcome. Click “
“ if all setups are
correct.
Done. A RG has been created.
Figure 3.5.7.2
(Figure 3.5.7.2: Creating a RAID 5 with 3 physical disks, named “RG-R5”. The total size is
931GB. Because there is no related VD, free size still remains 931GB.)
Step 2: Create VD (Virtual disk).
To create a data user volume, please follow the procedures.
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Figure 3.5.7.3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Virtual disk”.
”.
Click “
Input a VD name, choose a RG Name and enter a size of VD; decide
the stripe high, block size, read/write mode and set priority, finally click
“
“.
Done. A VD has been created.
Do one more time to create another VD.
Figure 3.5.7.4
(Figure 3.5.7.4: Create VDs named “VD-R5-1” and “VD-R5-2”. Regarding to “RG-R5”, the
size of “VD-R5-1” is 50GB, the size of “VD-R5-2” is 64GB. “VD-R5-1” is initialing about 86%.
There is no LUN attached.)
Step 3: Attach LUN to VD.
There are 2 methods to attach LUN to VD.
1. In “/ Volume configuration / Virtual disk”, mouse moves to the gray
button next to the VD number; click “Attach LUN”.
2. In
“/
Volume
configuration
/
Logical
unit”,
click
”.
“
The procedures are as follows:
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Figure 3.5.7.5
1.
2.
3.
Select a VD.
Input “Host” name, which is a FC node name for access control, or fillin wildcard “*”, which means every host can access to this volume.
”.
Choose LUN and permission, then click “
Done.
Figure 3.5.7.6
(Figure 3.5.7.6: VD-R5-1 is attached to LUN 0. VD-R5-2 is attached LUN 1.)
Tips
The matching rules of access control are from top to bottom in
sequence.
Step 4: Set global spare disk.
To set global spare disks, please follow the procedures.
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Physical disk”.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the PD slot; click “Set Global
space”.
“GS” icon is shown in “Usage” column.
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Figure 3.5.7.7
(Figure 3.5.8.7: Slot 4 is set as global spare disk.)
Step 5: Done. They can be used as disks.
Delete VDs, RG, please follow the steps listed below.
Step 6: Detach LUN from VD.
In “/ Volume configuration / Logical unit”,
Figure 3.5.7.8
1.
2.
3.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the LUN; click “Detach”.
There will pop up a confirmation page.
Choose “OK”.
Done.
Step 7: Delete VD (Virtual disk).
To delete the Virtual disk, please follow the procedures:
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Virtual disk”.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the VD number; click “Delete”.
There will pop up a confirmation page, click “OK”.
Done. Then, the VDs are deleted.
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Tips
When deleting VD, the attached LUN(s) related to this VD will
be detached automatically.
Step 8: Delete RG (RAID group).
To delete the RAID group, please follow the procedures:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select “/ Volume configuration / RAID group”.
Select a RG which is no VD related on this RG, otherwise the VD(s) on
this RG must be deleted first.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the RG number click “Delete”.
There will pop up a confirmation page, click “OK”.
Done. The RG has been deleted.
Tips
The action of deleting one RG will succeed only when all of the
related VD(s) are deleted in this RG. Otherwise, it will have an
error when deleting this RG.
Step 9: Free global spare disk.
To free global spare disks, please follow the procedures.
1.
2.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Physical disk”.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the PD slot; click “Set Free
disk”.
Step 10: Done, all volumes have been deleted.
3.6 Enclosure management
“Enclosure management” allows managing enclosure information including
“SES configuration”, “Hardware monitor”, “S.M.A.R.T.” and “UPS”. For the
enclosure management, there are many sensors for different purposes, such as
temperature sensors, voltage sensors, hard disks, fan sensors, power sensors,
and LED status. Due to the different hardware characteristics among these
sensors, they have different polling intervals. Below are the details of polling time
intervals:
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Temperature sensors: 1 minute.
Voltage sensors: 1 minute.
Hard disk sensors: 10 minutes.
Fan sensors: 10 seconds . When there are 3 errors consecutively,
controller sends ERROR event log.
Power sensors: 10 seconds, when there are 3 errors consecutively,
controller sends ERROR event log.
LED status: 10 seconds.
Figure 3.6.1
3.6.1
SES configuration
SES represents SCSI Enclosure Services, one of the enclosure management
standards. “SES configuration” can enable or disable the management of SES.
Figure 3.6.1.1
(Figure 3.6.1.1: Enable SES in LUN 0, and can be accessed from every host)
The SES client software is available at the following web site:
SANtools: http://www.santools.com/
3.6.2
Hardware monitor
“Hardware monitor” can view the information of current voltage and
temperature.
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Figure 3.6.2.1
If “Auto shutdown” has been checked, the system will shutdown automatically
when voltage or temperature is out of the normal range. For better data
protection, please check “Auto Shutdown”.
For better protection and avoiding single short period of high temperature
triggering auto shutdown, controllers use multiple condition judgments for auto
shutdown, below are the details of when the Auto shutdown will be triggered.
1.
2.
3.
3.6.3
There are 3 sensors placed on controllers for temperature checking,
they are on core processor, PCI-X bridge, and daughter board.
controller will check each sensor for every 30 seconds. When one of
these sensor is over high temperature value for continuous 3 minutes,
auto shutdown will be triggered immediately.
The core processor temperature limit is 85 . The PCI-X bridge
temperature limit is 80 . The daughter board temperature limit is 80 .
If the high temperature situation doesn’t last for 3 minutes, controller
will not do auto shutdown.
Hard drive S.M.A.R.T. support
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S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology) is a diagnostic
tool for hard drives to deliver warning of drive failures in advance. S.M.A.R.T.
provides users chances to take actions before possible drive failure.
S.M.A.R.T. measures many attributes of the hard drive all the time and inspects
the properties of hard drives which are close to be out of tolerance. The
advanced notice of possible hard drive failure can allow users to back up hard
drive or replace the hard drive. This is much better than hard drive crash when it
is writing data or rebuilding a failed hard drive.
“S.M.A.R.T.” can display S.M.A.R.T. information of hard drives. The number is
the current value; the number in parenthesis is the threshold value. The threshold
values of hard drive vendors are different; please refer to vendors’ specification
for details.
S.M.A.R.T. only supports SATA drive. SAS drive does not have. It will show N/A
in this web page.
Figure 3.6.3.1
3.6.4
UPS
“UPS” can set up UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply).
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Figure 3.6.4.1
Currently, the system only supports and communicates with smart-UPS of APC
(American Power Conversion Corp.) UPS. Please review the details from the
website: http://www.apc.com/.
First, connect the system and APC UPS via RS-232 for communication. Then set
up the shutdown values when power is failed. UPS in other companies can work
well, but they have no such communication feature.
UPS Type
Select UPS Type. Choose Smart-UPS for APC, None
for other vendors or no UPS.
When below the setting level, system will shutdown.
Shutdown
Battery Level Setting level to “0” will disable UPS.
(%)
Shutdown
Delay (s)
If power failure occurred, the system will delay the
shutdown specified. Setting delay to “0” will disable
the function.
Shutdown
UPS
Select ON, when power is down, UPS will shut down
by itself after the system shutdown successfully. After
power comes back, UPS will start working and notify
system to boot up. OFF will not.
Status
The status of UPS.
“Detecting…”
“Running”
“Unable to detect UPS”
“Communication lost”
“UPS reboot in progress”
“UPS shutdown in progress”
“Batteries failed. Please change them NOW!”
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Battery Level Current percentage of battery level.
(%)
3.7 System maintenance
“Maintenance” allows the operation of system functions which include “System
information” to show the system version, “Upgrade” to the latest firmware,
“Reset to factory default” to reset all controller configuration values to factory
settings, “Import and export” to import and export all controller configuration,
“Event log” to view system event log to record critical events, and “Reboot and
shutdown” to either reboot or shutdown the system.
Figure 3.7.1
3.7.1
System information
“System information” can display system information (including firmware
version), CPU type, installed system memory, and controller serial number.
3.7.2
Upgrade
“Upgrade” can upgrade firmware. Please prepare new firmware file named
“xxxx.bin” in local hard drive, then click “
” to select the file. Click
“
”, it will pop up a message “Upgrade system now? If you
want to downgrade to the previous FW later (not recommend), please export
your system configuration in advance”, click “Cancel” to export system
configuration in advance, then click “OK” to start to upgrade firmware.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Figure 3.7.2.1
Figure 3.7.2.2
When upgrading, there is a progress bar running. After finished upgrading, the
system must reboot manually to make the new firmware took effect.
Tips
Please contact with tech@enhance-tech.com for latest
firmware.
3.7.3
Reset to factory default
“Reset to factory default” allows user to reset controller to factory default
setting.
Figure 3.7.3.1
Reset to default value, the password is: 1234, and IP address to default DHCP.
Default IP address: 192.168.10.50 (DHCP)
Default subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: 192.168.10.254
3.7.4
Import and export
“Import and export” allows user to save system configuration values: export,
and apply all configuration: import. For the volume configuration setting, the
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values are available in export and not available in import which can avoid
confliction/date-deleting between two controllers. That says if one controller
already exists valuable data in the disks and user may forget to overwrite it. Use
import could return to original configuration. If the volume setting was also
imported, user’s current data will be overwritten.
Figure 3.7.4.1
1.
2.
Import: Import all system configurations
configuration.
Export: Export all configurations to a file.
excluding
volume
Caution
“Import” will import all system configurations excluding
volume configuration; the current configurations will be
replaced.
3.7.5
Event log
“Event log” can view the event messages. Check the checkbox of INFO,
WARNING, ERROR to choose the level of display event log. Clicking
” button will save the whole event log as a text file with file
“
name “log-ModelName-SerialNumber-Date-Time.txt” (e.g., log-ULTRASTOR
RS16 FS-a00001-20080501-120000.txt). Click ”
” button will
clear event log. Click “
” button will stop alarm if system
alerts.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Figure 3.7.5.1
The event log is displayed in reverse order which means the latest event log is
on the first page. The event logs are actually saved in the first four hard drives;
each hard drive has one copy of event log. For one controller, there are four
copies of event logs to make sure users can check event log any time when
there is/are failed disk(s).
Tips
Please plug-in any of the first four hard drives, then event logs
can be saved and displayed in next system boot up. Otherwise,
the event logs would be disappeared.
3.7.6
Reboot and shutdown
“Reboot and shutdown” displays “Reboot” and “Shutdown” buttons. Before
power off, it’s better to execute “Shutdown” to flush the data from cache to
physical disks. The step is necessary for data protection.
Figure 3.7.6.1
3.8 Logout
For security reason, “Logout” allows users logout when no user is operating the
system. Re-login the system; please enter username and password again.
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Chapter 4 Advanced operation
4.1 Rebuild
If one physical disk of the RG which is set as protected RAID level (e.g.: RAID 3,
RAID 5, or RAID 6) is FAILED or has been unplugged/removed, then the status
of RG is changed to degraded mode, the system will search/detect spare disk to
rebuild the degraded RG to a complete one. It will detect dedicated spare disk as
rebuild disk first, then global spare disk.
RS16FScontrollers support Auto-Rebuild. The following is the scenario:
Take RAID 6 for example:
1.
When there is no global spare disk or dedicated spare disk in the
system, controller will be in degraded mode and wait until (A) there is
one disk assigned as spare disk, or (B) the failed disk is removed and
replaced with new clean disk, then the Auto-Rebuild starts. The new
disk will be a spare disk to the original RG automatically.
If the new added disk is not clean (with other RG information), it would
be marked as RS (reserved) and the system will not start "auto-rebuild".
If this disk is not belonging to any existing RG, it would be FR (Free)
disk and the system will start Auto-Rebuild.
If user only removes the failed disk and plugs the same failed disk in
the same slot again, the auto-rebuild will start running. But rebuilding in
the same failed disk may impact customer data if the status of disk is
unstable. Proavio, U.S.A. suggests all customers not to rebuild in the
failed disk for better data protection.
2.
When there is enough global spare disk(s) or dedicated spare disk(s)
for the degraded array, controller starts Auto-Rebuild immediately. And
in RAID 6, if there is another disk failure occurs during rebuilding,
controller will start the above Auto-Rebuild process as well. AutoRebuild feature only works at that the status of RG is "Online". It will
not work at “Offline”. Thus, it will not conflict with the “Roaming”.
3.
In degraded mode, the status of RG is “Degraded”. When rebuilding,
the status of RG/VD will be “Rebuild”, the column “R%” in VD will
display the ratio in percentage. After complete rebuilding, the status will
become “Online”. RG will become completely one.
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Tips
“Set dedicated spare” is not available if there is no RG or
only RG of RAID 0, JBOD, because user can not set dedicated
spare disk to RAID 0 & JBOD.
Sometimes, rebuild is called recover; they are the same meaning. The following
table is the relationship between RAID levels and rebuild.
RAID 0
Disk striping. No protection for data. RG fails if any hard drive
fails or unplugs.
RAID 1
Disk mirroring over 2 disks. RAID 1 allows one hard drive fails
or unplugging. Need one new hard drive to insert to the
system and rebuild to be completed.
N-way
mirror
Extension to RAID 1 level. It has N copies of the disk. N-way
mirror allows N-1 hard drives failure or unplugging.
RAID 3
Striping with parity on the dedicated disk. RAID 3 allows one
hard drive failure or unplugging.
RAID 5
Striping with interspersed parity over the member disks. RAID
5 allows one hard drive failure or unplugging.
RAID 6
2-dimensional parity protection over the member disks. RAID
6 allows two hard drives failure or unplugging. If it needs to
rebuild two hard drives at the same time, it will rebuild the first
one, then the other in sequence.
RAID 0+1
Mirroring of RAID 0 volumes. RAID 0+1 allows two hard drive
failures or unplugging, but at the same array.
RAID 10
Striping over the member of RAID 1 volumes. RAID 10 allows
two hard drive failure or unplugging, but in different arrays.
RAID 30
Striping over the member of RAID 3 volumes. RAID 30 allows
two hard drive failure or unplugging, but in different arrays.
RAID 50
Striping over the member of RAID 5 volumes. RAID 50 allows
two hard drive failures or unplugging, but in different arrays.
RAID 60
Striping over the member of RAID 6 volumes. RAID 40 allows
four hard drive failures or unplugging, every two in different
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
arrays.
JBOD
The abbreviation of “Just a Bunch Of Disks”. No data
protection. RG fails if any hard drive failures or unplugs.
4.2 RG migration
To migrate the RAID level, please follow below procedures.
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume configuration / RAID group”.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the RG number; click
“Migrate”.
Change the RAID level by clicking the down arrow to “RAID 5”. There
will be a pup-up which indicates that HDD is not enough to support the
new setting of RAID level, click “
” to increase hard
drives, then click “
“ to go back to setup page.
When doing migration to lower RAID level, such as the original RAID
level is RAID 6 and user wants to migrate to RAID 0, system will
evaluate whether this operation is safe or not, and appear a message
of "Sure to migrate to a lower protection array?” to give user
warning.
Figure 4.2.1
4.
5.
6.
Double check the setting of RAID level and RAID PD slot. If there is no
“.
problem, click “
Finally a confirmation page shows the detail of RAID information. If
there is no problem, click “
“ to start migration.
System also pops up a message of “Warning: power lost during
migration may cause damage of data!” to give user warning. When
the power is abnormally off during the migration, the data is in high risk.
Migration starts and it can be seen from the “status” of a RG with
“Migrating”. In “/ Volume configuration / Virtual disk”, it displays a
“Migrating” in “Status” and complete percentage of migration in
“R%”.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Figure 4.2.2
(Figure 4.2.2: A RAID 0 with 4 physical disks migrates to RAID 5 with 5 physical disks.)
Figure 4.2.3
(Figure 4.2.3: A RAID 0 migrates to RAID 5, the complete percentage is 14%.)
To do migration, the total size of RG must be larger or equal to the original RG. It
does not allow expanding the same RAID level with the same hard disks of
original RG.
The operation is not allowed when RG is being migrated. System would reject
following operations:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Add dedicated spare.
Remove a dedicated spare.
Create a new VD.
Delete a VD.
Extend a VD.
Scrub a VD.
Perform yet another migration operation.
Scrub entire RG.
Take a new snapshot.
Delete an existing snapshot.
Export a snapshot.
Rollback to a snapshot.
Caution
RG Migration cannot be executed during rebuild or VD
extension.
4.3 VD Extension
To extend VD size, please follow the procedures.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Virtual disk”.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the VD number; click
“Extend”.
Change the size. The size must be larger than the original, and then
click “
“ to start extension.
Figure 4.3.1
4.
Extension starts. If VD needs initialization, it will display an “Initiating”
in “Status” and complete percentage of initialization in “R%”.
Figure 4.3.2
(Figure 4.3.2: Extend VD-R5 from 20GB to 40GB.)
Tips
The size of VD extension must be larger than original.
Caution
VD extension cannot be executed during rebuild or migration.
4.4 Snapshot / Rollback
Snapshot-on-the-box captures the instant state of data in the target volume in a
logical sense. The underlying logic is Copy-on-Write -- moving out the data which
would be written to certain location where a write action occurs since the time of
data capture. The certain location, named as “Snap VD”, is essentially a new
VD.which can be attached to a LUN provisioned to a host as a disk like other
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
ordinary VDs in the system. Rollback restores the data back to the state of any
time which was previously captured in case for any unfortunate reason it might
be (e.g. virus attack, data corruption, human errors and so on). Snap VD is
allocated within the same RG in which the snapshot is taken, we suggest to
reserve 20% of RG size or more for snapshot space. Please refer to Figure 4.4.1
for snapshot concept.
Figure 4.4.1
Caution
Snapshot / rollback features need 512MB RAM at least. Please
also refer to RAM certification list in Appendix A.
4.4.1
Create snapshot volume
To take a snapshot of the data, please follow the procedures.
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Virtual disk”.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the VD number; click “Set
snapshot space”.
Set up the size for snapshot. The minimum size is suggested to be
20% of VD size, then click “
“. It will go back to the
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
4.
5.
6.
VD page and the size will show in snapshot column. It may not be the
same as the number entered because some size is reserved for
snapshot internal usage. There will be 2 numbers in “Snapshot (MB)”
column. These numbers mean “Used snapshot space” and “Total
snapshot space”.
There are two methods to take snapshot. In “/ Volume configuration /
Virtual disk”, mouse moves to the gray button next to the VD number;
click “Take snapshot”. Or in “/ Volume configuration / Snapshot”,
click “
”.
Enter a snapshot name, then click “
”. A snapshot
VD is created.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Snapshot” to display all snapshot
VDs related to the VD.
Figure 4.4.1.1
(Figure 4.4.1.1: This is Snap VD, but it is not exported.)
7.
8.
9.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the Snapshot VD number; click
“Export”. Enter a capacity for snapshot VD. If size is zero, the
exported snapshot VD will be read only. Otherwise, the exported
snapshot VD can be read/written, and the size will be the maximum
capacity to read/write.
Attach a LUN for snapshot VD. Please refer to the previous chapter for
attaching a LUN.
Done. It can be used as a disk.
Figure 4.4.1.2
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
(Figure 4.4.1.2: This is the list of “VD-01”. There are two snapshots in “VD-01”. Snapshot
VD “SnapVD-01” is exported to read only, “SnapVD-02” is exported to read/write.)
10. There are two methods to clean all snapshots. In “/ Volume
configuration / Virtual disk”, mouse moves to the gray button next to
the VD number; click “Cleanup snapshot”. Or in “/ Volume
configuration / Snapshot”, click “
”.
11. Cleanup will delete all snapshots related to the VD and release
snapshot space.
Snapshot has some constraints as followings:
1.
2.
3.
4.
4.4.2
Minimum RAM size of enabling snapshot is 512MB.
For performance and future rollback, system saves snapshot with
names in sequences. For example, three snapshots has been taken
and named “SnapVD-01”(first), “SnapVD-02” and “SnapVD-03”(last).
When deleting “SnapVD-02”, both of “SnapVD-02” and “SnapVD-03”
will be deleted because “SnapVD-03” is related to “SnapVD-02”.
For resource management, maximum number of snapshots in system
is 32.
If the snapshot space is full, system will send a warning message of
space full and the new taken snapshot will replace the oldest snapshot
in rotational sequence by executing auto snapshot, but new snapshot
can not be taken by manual because system does not know which
snapshot VDs can be deleted.
Auto snapshot
The snapshot copies can be taken manually or by schedule such as hourly or
daily. Please follow the procedures.
1.
2.
3.
There are two methods to set auto snapshot. In “/ Volume
configuration / Virtual disk”, mouse moves to the gray button next to
the VD number; click “Auto snapshot”. Or in “/ Volume
”.
configuration / Snapshot”, click “
The auto snapshot can be set monthly, weekly, daily, or hourly.
Done. It will take snapshots automatically.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Figure 4.4.2.1
(Figure 4.4.2.1: It will take snapshots every month, and keep the last 32 snapshot copies.)
Tips
Daily snapshot will be taken at every 00:00. Weekly snapshot
will be taken every Sunday 00:00. Monthly snapshot will be
taken every first day of month 00:00.
4.4.3
Rollback
The data in snapshot VD can rollback to original VD. Please follow the
procedures.
1.
2.
3.
Select “/ Volume configuration / Snapshot”.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the Snap VD number which
user wants to rollback the data; click “Rollback”.
Done, the data in snapshot VD will rollback to original VD.
Rollback has some constraints as described in the followings:
1.
Minimum RAM size of enabling rollback is 512MB.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
2.
3.
4.
When making rollback, the original VD cannot be accessed for a while.
At the same time, the system connects to original VD and snaps VD,
and then starts rollback.
During rollback, data from snap VD to original VD, the original VD can
be accessed and the data in VD just like it has finished rollback. At the
same time, the other related snap VD(s) cannot be accessed.
After rollback, the other snapshot VD(s) after the VD which is doing
rollback will be deleted.
Caution
Before executing rollback, it is better to dismount file system for
flushing data from cache to disks in OS first. System sends
pop-up message when user executes rollback function.
4.5 Disk roaming
Physical disks can be re-sequenced in the same system or move all physical
disks from system-1 to system-2. This is called disk roaming. System can
execute disk roaming online. Please follow the procedures.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select “/ Volume configuration / RAID group”.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the RG number; click
“Deactivate”.
Move all PDs related to the RG to another system.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the RG number; click
“Activate”.
Done.
Disk roaming has some constraints as described in the followings:
1.
2.
Check the firmware of two systems first. It is better that both systems
have the same firmware version or newer.
All physical disks of related RG should be moved from system-1 to
system-2 together. The configuration of both RG and VD will be kept
but LUN configuration will be cleared in order to avoid conflict with
system-2.
4.6 SAS JBOD expansion
RS16FShas SAS JBOD expansion port to connect extra SAS JBOD controllers.
When connecting to a SAS JBOD which can be detected, it displays tabs on the
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
top in “/ Volume configuration / Physical disk”. For example, Local, JBOD 1
(vendor model), JBOD 2 (vendor model), …etc. Local means disks in local
controller, and so on. The disks in JBOD can be used as local disks.
Figure 4.6.1
(Figure 4.6.1: Display all PDs in JBOD 1.)
“/ Enclosure management / S.M.A.R.T.” can displays S.M.A.R.T. information of
all PDs, including Local and all SAS JBODs.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Figure 4.6.2
(Figure 4.6.2: Disk S.M.A.R.T. information of Local and JBOD 1, although S.M.A.R.T.
supports SATA disk only.)
SAS JBOD expansion has some constraints as described in the followings:
1.
2.
Up to 4 SAS JBODs can be cascaded.
Created RG can not use PDs which located in different controllers. It
means that RG can be composed of PDs which are all in Local or one
SAS JBOD.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
3.
Global spare disk only supports all RGs which located in the same
controller.
4.7 Support Microsoft MPIO
MPIO (Multi-Path Input/Output) use multiple physical paths to create logical
"paths" between the server and the storage device. In the case which one or
more of these components fails, causing the path to fail, multi-path logic uses an
alternate path for I/O. So applications can still access their data.
It needs driver to support Microsoft MPIO, please contact with “sales@Proaviotech.com” to get the latest MPIO driver.
Please follow the procedures to use MPIO feature.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
A host with dual Fibre channels connects to controller.
Create a RG/VD, attach the VD to two different buses.
Install “ProavioTech Storage Service Setup.exe” on the host and
select “Multipath IO Driver (MPIO)”.
After installation, reboot the host.
Rescan disk.
Then, there will be one disk running MPIO with round-robin mode.
Caution
Without installing MPIO driver, there will be two disks which
show in the computer manager.
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Appendix
A. Certification list
•
RAM
RS16FS RAM Spec: 240-pin, DDR2-533(PC4300), Reg.(register) or UB
(Unbufferred), ECC, up to 2GB, 64-bit data bus width (and also 32-bit
memory support), x8 or x16 devices, 36-bit addressable, up to 14-bit row
address and 10-bit column address.
Vendor
ATP
ATP
ATP
ATP
Unigen
Unigen
Unigen
Unigen
•
Model
AJ28K64E8BHE6S, 1GB DDR2-667 (Unbuffered, non-ECC) with
SEC
AJ28K72G8BHE6S, 1GB DDR2-667 (Unbuffered, ECC) with SEC
AJ64K72F8BHE6S, 512MB DDR2-667 (Unbuffered, ECC) with SEC
AJ56K72G8BJE6S, 2GB DDR2-667 (Unbuffered, ECC) with
Samsung
UG64T7200L8DU-6AL, 512MB DDR2-667 (Unbuffered, ECC) with
Elpida
UG12T7200L8DU-5AM, 1GB DDR2-533 (Unbuffered, ECC) with
Elpida
UG12T7200L8DR-5AC, 1GB DDR2-533 (Registered, ECC) with
Elpida
UG25T7200M8DU-5AM, 2GB DDR2-533 (UnBuffered, ECC) with
Micron
FC HBA card
Vendor
Brocade
LSI Logic
QLogic
QLogic
Model
410 (PCI-Express, 2.5 GHz, 4 Gb/s, 1 port, LC style pluggable SFP,
multimode optics 850nm) + Finisar FTLF 8524P2BNL
LSI7204XP-LC (PCI-X, 4 Gb/s, 2 ports, LC style pluggable SFP,
multimode optics 850nm) + Picolight PLRXPL-VE-SG4-26
QLA2462 (PCI-X 2.0, 266MHz, 4 Gb/s, 2 ports, LC style SFF,
multimode optics 850nm) + Finisar FTLF 8524E2KNL
QLE2462 (PCI-Express, 2.5 GHz, 4 Gb/s, 2 ports, LC style SFF,
multimode optics 850nm) + Finisar FTLF 8524E2KNL
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
•
Hard drive
RS16FSsupport SATA I, II disks.
Vendor
Hitachi
Hitachi
Hitachi
Hitachi
Hitachi
Maxtor
Maxtor
Samsung
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Westem Digital
Model
Deskstar 7K250, HDS722580VLSA80, 80GB, 7200RPM, SATA, 8M
Deskstar E7K500, HDS725050KLA360, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA II,
16M
Deskstar 7K80, HDS728040PLA320, 40GB, 7200RPM, SATA II, 2M
Deskstar T7K500, HDT725032VLA360, 320GB, 7200RPM, SATA II,
16M
Deskstar P7K500, HDP725050GLA360, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA II,
16M
DiamondMax Plus 9, 6Y080M0, 80GB, 7200RPM, SATA, 8M
DiamondMax 11, 6H500F0, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
SpinPoint P80, HDSASP0812C, 80GB,7200RPM, SATA, 8M
Barracuda 7200.7, ST380013AS, 80GB, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s, 8M
Barracuda 7200.7, ST380817AS, 80GB, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s, 8M,
NCQ
Barracuda 7200.8, ST3400832AS, 400GB, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s,
8M, NCQ
Barracuda 7200.9, ST3500641AS, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s,
16M, NCQ
Barracuda 7200.11, ST31000340AS, 1000GB, 7200RPM, SATA
3.0Gb/s, 32M, NCQ
NL35, ST3400633NS, 400GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
NL35, ST3500641NS, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
Barracuda ES, ST3500630NS, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
Barracuda ES, ST3750640NS, 750GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
Barracuda ES.2, ST31000340NS, 1000GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s,
32M
Caviar SE, WD800JD, 80GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 8M
Caviar SE, WD1600JD, 160GB, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5G/s , 8M
Raptor, WD360GD, 36.7GB, 10000RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s, 8M
Caviar RE2, WD4000YR, 400GB, 7200RPM, SATA 1.5Gb/s, 16M, NCQ
RE2, WD4000YS, 400GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
Caviar RE16, WD5000AAKS, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M
RE2, WD5000ABYS, 500GB, 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16M, NCQ
RS16FSsupports SAS disk.
Vendor
Hitachi
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Seagate
Model
Ultrastar 15K147, HUS151436VLS300, 36GB, 15000RPM, SAS
3.0Gb/s, 16M
Cheetah 15K.4, ST336754SS, 36.7GB, 15000RPM, SAS 3.0Gb/s, 8M
Cheetah 15K.5, ST373455SS, 73.4GB, 15000RPM, SAS 3.0Gb/s, 16M
Cheetah 15K.5, ST3146855SS, 146.8GB, 15000RPM, SAS 3.0Gb/s,
16M
Cheetah NS, ST3400755SS, 400GB, 10000RPM, SAS 3.0Gb/s, 16M
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Seagate
Barracuda ES.2, ST31000640SS, 1000GB, 7200RPM, SAS 3.0Gb/s,
16M
B. Event notifications
•
PD events
Level
INFO
WARNING
ERROR
•
Disk inserted
Disk removed
HDD failure
Description
Disk <slot> is inserted into system.
Disk <slot> is removed from system.
Disk <slot> is disabled.
HW events
Level
WARNING
ERROR
INFO
INFO
INFO
•
Type
Type
ECC error
ECC error
ECC info
ECC info
SCSI info
Description
Single-bit ECC error is detected.
Multi-bit ECC error is detected.
ECC memory is installed.
Non-ECC memory is installed.
Received SCSI Bus Reset event at the SCSI
Bus <number>.
EMS events
Level
Type
INFO
ERROR
INFO
ERROR
WARNING
INFO
ERROR
INFO
ERROR
WARNING
Power installed
Power absent
Power work
Power warning
Power detect
Fan work
Fan warning
Fan installed
Fan not present
Thermal warning
ERROR
ERROR
Thermal critical
Thermal critical
shutdown
Thermal ignore
value
Voltage warning
WARNING
WARNING
Description
Power <number> is installed.
Power <number> is absent.
Power <number> is restored to work.
Power <number> is out of work.
PSU signal detection <number>.
Fan <number> is restored to work.
Fan <number> is out of work.
Fan <number> is installed.
Fan <number> is not present.
System temperature <location> is a little bit
higher.
System Overheated <location>!!!
System Overheated <location>!!! The system
will do the auto shutdown immediately.
Unable to update thermal value on <location>.
System voltage <location> is a little bit
higher/lower.
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INFO
WARNING
ERROR
ERROR
Voltage critical
Voltage critical
shutdown
UPS info
UPS error
UPS error
UPS error
WARNING
SMART T.E.C.
WARNING
SMART failure
ERROR
ERROR
•
RMS events
Level
•
System voltages <location> failed!!!
System voltages <location> failed!!! The system
will do the auto shutdown immediately.
UPS detection succeeded.
UPS detection failed.
AC loss for the system is detected.
UPS Power Low!!! The system will do the auto
shutdown immediately.
Disk <slot> S.M.A.R.T. Threshold Exceed
Condition occurred for attribute <item>.
Disk <slot>: Failure to get S.M.A.R.T
information.
Type
INFO
Console Login
INFO
Console Logout
INFO
INFO
Web Login
Web Logout
Description
<username> login from <IP or serial console>
via Console UI.
<username> logout from <IP or serial console>
via Console UI.
<username> login from <IP> via Web UI.
<username> logout from <IP> via Web UI.
LVM3 events
Level
Type
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
RG created
RG creation failed
RG deleted
VD created
VD creation failed
VD deleted
VD renamed
INFO
Read-only caching
enabled
Writeback caching
enabled
Write-through
caching enabled
VD extended
VD initialization
started
VD initialization
finished
VD initialization
failed
VD rebuild started
VD rebuild finished
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
WARNING
INFO
INFO
Description
RG <name> has been created.
Failed to create RG <name>.
RG <name> has been deleted.
VD <name> has been created.
Failed to create VD <name>.
VD <name> has been deleted.
Name of VD <name> has been renamed to
<name>.
Cache policy of VD <name> has been set as
read only.
Cache policy of VD <name> has been set as
write-back.
Cache policy of VD <name> has been set as
write-through.
Size of VD <name> extends.
VD <name> starts initialization.
VD <name> completes the initialization.
Failed to complete initialization of VD <name>.
VD <name> starts rebuilding.
VD <name> completes rebuilding.
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WARNING
INFO
INFO
ERROR
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
ERROR
ERROR
WARNING
WARNING
ERROR
ERROR
INFO
INFO
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
•
VD rebuild failed
VD migration
started
VD migration
finished
VD migration failed
VD scrubbing
started
VD scrubbing
finished
RG migration
started
RG migration
finished
RG activated
RG deactivated
VD rewrite started
VD rewrite finished
VD rewrite failed
RG degraded
VD degraded
RG failed
VD failed
Recoverable read
error occurred
Recoverable write
error occurred
Unrecoverable read
error occurred
Unrecoverable
write error occurred
Dedicated spare
configured
Global spare
configured
PD read error
occurred
PD write error
occurred
Parity wrong when
scrubbing
Data recovered
when scrubbing
PD freed
RG imported
RG restored
VD restored
Failed to complete rebuild of VD <name>.
VD <name> starts migration.
VD <name> completes migration.
Failed to complete migration of VD <name>.
VD <name> starts scrubbing.
VD <name> completes scrubbing.
RG <name> starts migration.
RG <name> completes migration.
RG <name> has been manually activated.
RG <name> has been manually deactivated.
Rewrite at LBA <address> of VD %s starts.
Rewrite at LBA <address> of VD %s completes.
Rewrite at LBA <address> of VD %s failed.
RG <name> is under degraded mode.
VD <name> is under degraded mode.
RG <name> is failed.
VD <name> is failed.
Recoverable read error occurred at LBA
<address>-<address> of VD <name>.
Recoverable write error occurred at LBA
<address>-<address> of VD <name>.
Unrecoverable read error occurred at LBA
<address>-<address> of VD <name>.
Unrecoverable write error occurred at LBA
<address>-<address> of VD <name>.
PD <slot> has been configured to RG <name>
as a dedicated spare disk.
PD <slot> has been configured as a global
spare disk.
Read error occurred at LBA <address><address> of PD <slot>.
Write error occurred at LBA <address><address> of PD <slot>.
The parity data is wrong at LBA <address><address> when scrubbing VD <name>.
Data at LBA <address>-<address> has been
recovered when scrubbing VD <name>.
PD <slot> has been removed from RG <name>.
Configuration of RG<name> has been imported.
Configuration of RG <name> has been restored.
Configuration of VD <name> has been restored.
Snapshot events
Level
INFO
INFO
Type
Snapshot deleted
Snapshot auto
Description
The snapshot VD <name> has been deleted.
The oldest snapshot VD <name> has been
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INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
WARNING
•
deleted
Snapshot taken
Snapshot space
configured
Snapshot rollback
started
Snapshot rollback
finished
Snapshot quota
reached
Battery backup events
Level
•
deleted to obtain extra snapshot space.
A snapshot on VD <name> has been taken.
Set the snapshot space of VD <name> to
<number> MB.
Snapshot rollback of VD <name> has been
started.
Snapshot rollback of VD <name> has been
finished.
The quota assigned to snapshot <name> is
reached.
Type
INFO
BBM sync data
INFO
BBM sync data
INFO
INFO
INFO
WARNING
INFO
BBM detected
BBM is good
BBM is charging
BBM is failed
BBM
Description
Abnormal shutdown detected, start flushing
battery-backuped data (<number> KB).
Abnormal shutdown detected, flushing batterybackuped data finishes.
Battery backup module is detected.
Battery backup module is good.
Battery backup module is charging.
Battery backup module is failed.
Battery backup feature is <item>.
JBOD events
Level
Type
INFO
Disk inserted
Warning
Disk removed
ERROR
INFO
WARNING
WARNING
HDD failure
JBOD inserted
JBOD removed
SMART T.E.C
WARNING
SMART Failure
INFO
Dedicated spare
configured
INFO
Global spare
configured
PD read error
occurred
PD write error
occurred
PD freed
WARNING
WARNING
INFO
Description
JBOD <number> disk <slot> is inserted into
system.
JBOD <number> disk <slot> is removed from
system.
JBOD <number> disk <slot> is disabled.
JBOD <number> is inserted into system
JBOD <number> is removed from system
JBOD <number> disk <slot>: S.M.A.R.T.
Threshold Exceed Condition occurred for
attribute %s
JBOD <number> disk <slot>: Failure to get
S.M.A.R.T information
JBOD <number> PD <slot> has been
configured to RG <name> as a dedicated spare
disk.
JBOD <number> PD <slot>d has been
configured as a global spare disk.
Read error occurred at LBA <address><address> of JBOD <number> PD <slot>.
Write error occurred at LBA <address><address> of JBOD <number> PD <slot>.
JBOD <number> PD <slot> has been removed
from RG <name>.
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•
System maintenance events
Level
INFO
INFO
INFO
INFO
WARNING
Type
System shutdown
System reboot
FW upgrade start
FW upgrade
success
FW upgrade failure
Description
System shutdown.
System reboot.
Firmware upgrade start.
Firmware upgrade success.
Firmware upgrade failure.
C. Known issues
1.
LSI Logic FC HBA LSI7204XP-LC cannot connect with FC switch
Brocade BR-220E.
Workaround solution: Use other FC HBA to connect with FC switch
Brocade BR-220E.
2.
When two controllers (with SAS JBOD expansion) connect to UltrStor
RS16 JS (SAS JBOD), they cannot detect all PDs of JBOD.
Workaround solution: It’s a JBOD limitation.
D. Installation steps for large volume (TB)
Introduction:
ULTRASTOR controllers are capable of supporting large volumes (>2TB) on all
product lines. When connecting controllers to 64bit OS installed host/server, the
host/server is inherently capable for large volumes from the 64bit address. On
the other side, if the host/server is installed with 32bit OS, user has to change the
block size to 1KB, 2KB or 4KB to support volumes up to 4TB, 8TB or 16TB, for
the 32bit host/server is not LBA (Logical Block Addressing) 64bit supported. For
detail installation steps, please refer to following steps below.
Step 1: Configure target
1.
Prepare the hard drivers which capacity is over 2TB totally. Follow the
example in chapter 3 to create a RG/VD. Then attach LUN.
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Tips
If the OS is 64bit, user can set the block size to any available
value. If the OS is 32bit, user must change the block size to
larger values than 512B. There will be a confirmation pop-up
message when VD size is over 2TB.
Figure D.1:
(Figure D.1: choose “OK” for 64bit OS, choose “Cancel” for 32bit OS, this step will
change block size to 4K automatically.)
2.
Mouse moves to the gray button next to the VD number; click “More
information”. Look at block size is 512B for 64bit OS setting, 4K for
32bit OS setting.
Step 2: Configure host/server
1.
Follow the installation guild provided by HBA vendor, install HBA driver
properly. For iSCSI models, please install the latest Microsoft iSCSI
initiator from the link below.
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=12cb3c1a15d6-4585-b385-befd1319f825&DisplayLang=en
Step 3: Initialize/Format/Mount the disk
1.
Go to Start Æ Control Panel Æ Computer Management Æ Disk
Management, it displays a new disk.
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Figure D.2
2.
Initialize the disk.
Figure D.3
3.
Convert to GPT disk for over 2TB capacity. For more detail information
about GPT, please visit
http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/device/storage/GPT_FAQ.mspx
Figure D.4
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
4.
Format the disk.
Figure D.5
5.
Done.
Figure D.6
6.
The new disk is ready to use, the available size = 2.72TB.
Figure D.7
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RS16 FS – Manual v.6.1A
Caution
If user setups 512B block size for VD and the host/server OS is
32bit, in the last step of formatting disk, user will find OS can
not format the disk sector after 2048GB (2TB).
7.
Wrong setting result: OS can not format disk sector after 2048GB (2TB).
Figure D.8
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System information
SW version
ULTRASTOR RS16 FS
1.0.0
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