Enerzone Solution 2.5-ZC Specifications

INSTALLATION
AND OPERATION
MANUAL
Solution 2.5-ZC
US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
AGENCY PHASE II CERTIFIED WOOD
FIREPLACE
Listed to standards ULC-S610 and UL 127
by Intertek Testing Services
www.enerzone-intl.com
Stove Builder International Inc.
250, rue de Copenhague,
St-Augustin-de-Desmaures (Quebec)
Canada G3A 2H3
Tel: (418) 878-3040
Fax: (418) 878-3001
READ AND KEEP THIS MANUAL FOR REFERENCE
This manual is available for free download on the manufacturer’s web site. It is a
copyrighted document. Re-sale is strictly prohibited. The manufacturer may update this
manual from time to time and cannot be responsible for problems, injuries, or damages
arising out of the use of information contained in any manual obtained from unauthorized
sources.
Printed in Canada
45728A
11-03-2014
THANK YOU FOR CHOOSING THIS ENERZONE WOOD FIREPLACE
As one of North America’s largest and most respected wood stove and fireplace
manufacturers, Stove Builder International takes pride in the quality and performance of all
its products. We want to help you get maximum satisfaction as you use this product.
In the pages that follow you will find general advice on wood heating, detailed instructions
for safe and effective installation, and guidance on how to get the best performance from
this fireplace as you build and maintain fires, and maintain your wood heating system.
We recommend that our wood burning hearth products be installed and serviced by
professionals who are certified in the United States by NFI (National Fireplace Institute®)
or in Canada by WETT (Wood Energy Technology Transfer) or in Quebec by APC
(Association des Professionnels du Chauffage).
Congratulations on making a wise purchase.
If this fireplace is not properly installed, combustible materials near it may overheat.
To reduce the risk of fire, follow the installation instructions in this manual exactly.
Contact local building or fire officials about restrictions and installation inspection
requirements in your area.
Please read this entire manual before you install and use your new fireplace. You
may need to get a building permit for the installation of this fireplace and the
chimney that it is connected to. Consult your municipal building department or fire
department before installation. We recommend that you also inform your home
insurance company to find out if the installation will affect your policy.
This heating unit is designed to serve as a supplementary heat source. We
recommend that a primary heat source also be available in the home. The
manufacturer cannot be responsible for costs associated with the use of another
heating system.
CAUTION: Do not attempt to modify or alter the construction of the fireplace or its
components. Any modification or alteration of construction may void the warranty, listings
and approvals of this system. In that case, Stove Builder International (SBI) will not be
responsible for damages. Install the fireplace only as described in these instructions.
2 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Table of content
PART A - OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE ............................... 6 1 Safety Information ..................................................................... 6 1.1 Summary of Operation and Maintenance Cautions and Warnings ......................... 6 2 General Information................................................................... 9 2.1 Solution 2.5-ZC Specifications ............................................................................... 9 2.2 Zone Heating and How to Make it Work for You .................................................. 12 2.3 The Benefits of Low Emissions and High Efficiency ............................................. 12 2.4 The SBI Commitment to You and the Environment.............................................. 13 2.4.1 What is Your New Fireplace Made Of? ............................................................. 13 3 Fuel ........................................................................................... 14 3.1 Materials That Should Not be Burned .................................................................. 14 3.2 How to Prepare or Buy Good Firewood ............................................................... 14 3.2.1 What is Good Firewood? .................................................................................. 14 3.2.2 Tree Species ..................................................................................................... 14 3.2.3 Log Length ........................................................................................................ 15 3.2.4 Piece Size ......................................................................................................... 15 3.2.5 How to Dry Firewood ........................................................................................ 16 3.2.6 Judging Firewood Moisture Content ................................................................. 17 3.3 Manufactured Logs .............................................................................................. 17 4 Operating Your Fireplace ........................................................ 18 4.1 The use of a fire screen ....................................................................................... 18 4.2 Your First Fires..................................................................................................... 18 4.3 Lighting Fires........................................................................................................ 18 4.3.1 Conventional Fire Starting ................................................................................ 19 4.3.2 The Top Down Fire ........................................................................................... 19 4.3.3 Two Parallel Logs ............................................................................................. 20 4.3.4 Using Fire Starters ............................................................................................ 20 4.4 Maintaining Wood Fires ....................................................................................... 20 4.4.1 General Advice ................................................................................................. 20 4.4.2 Ash Removal .................................................................................................... 21 4.4.3 Raking Charcoal ............................................................................................... 21 4.4.4 Firing Each New Load Hot ................................................................................ 22 4.4.5 Turning Down the Air Supply ............................................................................ 22 4.4.6 Building Different Fires for Different Needs ....................................................... 23 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
3
5 Maintaining Your Wood Heating System .............................. 26 5.1 Fireplace Maintenance ......................................................................................... 26 5.1.1 Plated Finish Maintenance ................................................................................ 26 5.1.2 Glass Door Cleaning ......................................................................................... 26 5.1.3 Door Adjustment ............................................................................................... 27 5.1.4 Door Alignment ................................................................................................. 28 5.1.5 Replacing the Door Gasket ............................................................................... 30 5.1.6 Replacing the Glass Gasket and/or the Glass .................................................. 30 5.1.7 Cleaning and Painting the Fireplace ................................................................. 31 5.2 Chimney and Chimney Liner Maintenance........................................................... 32 5.2.1 Why Chimney Cleaning is Necessary ............................................................... 32 5.2.2 How Often Should You Clean the Chimney? .................................................... 32 5.2.3 Cleaning the Chimney....................................................................................... 33 5.2.4 Fire Baffle Removal Prior to Cleaning the Chimney .......................................... 34 5.2.5 Chimney Fire .................................................................................................... 34 PART B – INSTALLATION ............................................................ 35 6 Safety Information ................................................................... 35 6.1 Summary of Installation Cautions and Warnings.................................................. 35 6.2 Regulations Covering Fireplace Installation ......................................................... 36 6.3 Fireplace Installation ............................................................................................ 37 6.3.1 Locating the SOLUTION 2.5-ZC ....................................................................... 37 6.3.2 Minimum Heart Extension Requirements.......................................................... 43 6.3.3 Framing, Facing, Mantel, and Combustible Shelf ............................................. 45 7 Clearances to Combustible Material ...................................... 52 7.1 Locating the Certification Label ............................................................................ 52 8 The Venting System ................................................................ 53 8.1 General ................................................................................................................ 53 8.2 Suitable Chimneys ............................................................................................... 53 8.3 Minimum Chimney Height .................................................................................... 53 8.4 The Relationship Between the Chimney and the House ...................................... 53 8.4.1 Why the chimney should penetrate the highest heated space .......................... 53 8.5 Chimney Installation Notes................................................................................... 54 8.6 Chimney Installation Instructions.......................................................................... 57 8.6.1 Examples of Typical Chimney Installation ......................................................... 57 8.6.2 Offset Chimney Installation ............................................................................... 62 8.7 Angled Wall Radiation Shield ............................................................................... 65 4 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
8.8 Chimney Support Installation ............................................................................... 66 8.8.1 Universal Roof Support ..................................................................................... 66 8.8.2 Universal Offset Support ................................................................................... 67 8.9 Installation Instructions for Masonry Application .................................................. 67 8.10 Supply of Combustion Air ..................................................................................... 68 8.10.1 Air Supply in Conventional Houses ................................................................... 69 Appendix 1: Hot Air Ducting Installation .................................... 70 Appendix 2: Blower Maintenance or Replacement ................... 74 Appendix 3: Installing the Door Overlay .................................... 78 Appendix 5: Installing the Fire Screen (AC01308) ..................... 83 Appendix 6: Installation of Secondary Air Tubes and Baffle ... 84 Appendix 7: Exploded Diagram and Parts List .......................... 87 ENERZONE LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY ............................. 92 REGISTER YOUR WARRANTY ONLINE
To receive full warranty coverage, you will need to show evidence of the
date you purchased your stove. Keep your sales invoice. We also
recommend that you register your warranty online at:
http://enerzone-intl.com/warranty-registration.aspx
Registering your warranty online will help us to quickly track the
information we need about your stove.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
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PART A - OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
Please see Part B for installation instructions.
1 Safety Information
1.1 Summary of Operation and Maintenance Cautions and Warnings
•
HOT WHILE IN OPERATION, KEEP CHILDREN, CLOTHING AND FURNITURE
AWAY. CONTACT MAY CAUSE SKIN BURNS. GLOVES MAY BE NEEDED FOR
FIREPLACE OPERATION.
•
USING A FIREPLACE WITH CRACKED OR BROKEN COMPONENTS, SUCH AS
GLASS OR FIREBRICKS OR BAFFLES MAY PRODUCE AN UNSAFE CONDITION
AND MAY DAMAGE THE FIREPLACE.
•
OPERATE ONLY WITH DOOR FULLY CLOSED OR FULLY OPEN WITH FIRE
SCREEN IN PLACE. IF DOOR IS LEFT PARTLY OPEN, GAS AND FLAME MAY BE
DRAWN OUT OF THE OPENING, CREATING RISKS FROM BOTH FIRE AND
SMOKE.
•
OPEN THE AIR CONTROL FULLY BEFORE OPENING THE LOADING DOOR.
•
THIS FIREPLACE HAS BEEN TESTED FOR USE WITH AN OPEN DOOR IN
CONJUNCTION WITH A FIRE SCREEN (AC01308, SOLD SEPARATELY). THE
DOOR MAY BE OPEN OR FIRE SCREEN REMOVED ONLY DURING LIGHTING
PROCEDURES OR RELOADING. ALWAYS CLOSE THE DOOR OR PUT BACK
THE FIRE SCREEN AFTER IGNITION. DO NOT LEAVE THE FIREPLACE
UNATTENDED WHEN THE DOOR IS OPENED WITH OR WITHOUT FIRE SCREEN.
•
DO NOT INSTALL THE FIREPLACE OUTDOORS.
•
THE FIREPLACE AND CHIMNEY MUST BE IN AN ENCLOSURE UP TO THE
ATTIC.
•
NEVER USE GASOLINE, LANTERN FUEL (NAPHTHA), FUEL OIL, MOTOR OIL,
KEROSENE, CHARCOAL LIGHTER FLUID, OR SIMILAR LIQUIDS OR AEROSOLS
TO START A FIRE IN THIS FIREPLACE. KEEP ALL SUCH LIQUIDS OR
AEROSOLS WELL AWAY FROM THE FIREPLACE WHILE IT IS IN USE.
•
DO NOT STORE FUEL WITHIN HEATER MINIMUM INSTALLATION CLEARANCES.
•
BURN ONLY SEASONED NATURAL FIREWOOD.
6 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
•
DO NOT BURN:
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
GARBAGE OF ANY KIND,
COAL OR CHARCOAL,
TREATED, PAINTED OR COATED WOOD,
PLYWOOD OR PARTICLE BOARD,
FINE PAPER, COLORED PAPER OR CARDBOARD,
SALT WATER DRIFTWOOD,
MANUFACTURED LOGS CONTAINING WAX OR CHEMICAL ADDITIVES,
RAILROAD TIES OR
LIQUIDS SUCH AS KEROSCENE OR DIESEL FUEL TO START A FIRE.
•
THIS APPLIANCE SHOULD BE MAINTAINED AND OPERATED AT ALL TIMES IN
ACCORDANCE WITH THESE INSTRUCTIONS.
•
DO NOT ELEVATE THE FIRE BY MEANS OF GRATES, AND IRONS OR OTHER
MEANS.
•
THIS FIREPLACE MUST ALWAYS BE USED WITH THE ORIGINAL ANDIRONS
(SEE APPENDIX 7: EXPLODED DIAGRAM AND PARTS LIST FOR REPLACEMENT
PARTS).
•
SOME JURISDICTIONS IN THE USA REQUIRE A SUPPLY OF OUTDOOR
COMBUSTION AIR FOR THE FIREPLACE. IN CANADA, AN OUTDOOR AIR
SUPPLY IS NOT REQUIRED, IF A CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) DETECTOR/ALARM
IS LOCATED IN THE ROOM IN WHICH THE FIREPLACE IS INSTALLED. THE CO
DETECTOR WILL PROVIDE WARNING IF FOR ANY REASON THE WOOD
FIREPLACE FAILS TO FUNCTION CORRECTLY. IF YOU ARE REQUIRED TO
INSTALL AN OUTDOOR AIR SUPPLY, WE RECOMMEND THAT YOU ALSO
INSTALL A CO DETECTOR/ALARM TO PROVIDE WARNING IF SMOKE
SPILLAGE FROM THE FIREPLACE OCCURS.
CAUTION:
KEEP COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS AT LEAST 48 INCHES AWAY FROM
THE FRONT OF THE FIREPLACE OPENING.
CAUTION:
DO NOT USE A FIREPLACE INSERT AND OTHER PRODUCTS NOT
SPECIFIED FOR USE WITH THIS FIREPLACE.
CAUTION:
DO NOT OBSTRUCT AIR INTLETS. THIS FIREPLACE NEEDS AIR FOR
ITS GOOD OPERATION.
CAUTION:
DO NOT BLOCK THE HOT AIR VENTS TO THE FIREPLACE AS THIS
WILL CAUSE THE FIREPLACE TO OVERHEAT.
WARNING: DO NOT USE MATERIALS OTHER THAN THOSE LISTED IN THE
REPLACEMENT PARTS SECTION DURING INSTALLATION AS THEY
MAY BE SAFETY HAZARDS AND A FIRE COULD RESULT.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
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WARNING: THIS FIREPLACE HAS NOT BEEN TESTED WITH AN UNVENTED OR
VENTED GAS LOG SET. TO REDUCE RISK OF FIRE OR INJURY, DO
NOT INSTALL AN UNVENTED GAS LOG SET INTO THIS FIREPLACE.
CAUTION:
DO NOT INSTALL IN A MOBILE HOME (CANADA) OR MANUFACTURED
HOME* (USA).
* The US department of Housing and Urban Development describes
“manufactured homes” better known as “mobile home” as followed;
Buildings built on fixed wheels and those transported on temporary
wheels/axles and set on a permanent foundation.
PLEASE NOTE THAT THE PICTURES SHOWN IN THIS
MANUAL ARE GENERIC AND MAY NOT MATCH
EXACTLY THE LOOK OF YOUR FIREPLACE.
8 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
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General Information
2.1 Solution 2.5-ZC Specifications
Fuel Type
Cordwood
Test Standards (safety)
ULC-S610 and UL 127
Test Standard (emissions)
EPA Method 28 (40 CFR Part 60)
Heating capacity range*
500 to 2100 sq. ft. (46.5 to 195 m2)
Maximum heat output**
(EPA test fuel)
30,450 BTU/h (8.9 kW/h)
Maximum heat output**
(natural hardwood fuel)
75,000 BTU/h (22 kW/h)
Optimum efficiency
77 %
Particulate Emissions
4.4 g/h
Approximate Burn Time*
8 to 9 hours
Shipping Weight
456 lb (207 kg)
Firebox Volume
2.5 cu.ft. (0.071 m3)
Maximum Log Length
21" east-west***
Flue Outlet Diameter
6" (150 mm) diameter (vertical)
Baffle Material
C-Cast
Mobile home approved
No
* Burn time and heating capacity may vary subject to location in home, chimney draft,
chimney diameter, locality, heat loss factors, climate, fuels and other variables.
** The EPA test fuel is dimensional Douglas fir pieces stapled together into cribs with air
spaces between. We also test using the same procedure except using split hardwood
firewood to reflect real-world heat output. This fireplace is not intended to operate at its
peak heat output continuously.
*** East-west: through the door you see the sides of the logs.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
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10 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
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2.2 Zone Heating and How to Make it Work for You
Your new Solution 2.5-ZC wood fireplace is a space heater, which means it is intended to
heat the area it is installed in, as well as spaces that connect to that area, although to a
lower temperature. This is called zone heating and it is an increasingly popular way to heat
homes or spaces within homes.
Zone heating can be used to supplement another heating system by heating a particular
space within a home, such as a basement family room or an addition that lacks another
heat source.
Houses of moderate size and relatively new construction can be heated with a properly
sized and located wood fireplace. Whole house zone heating works best when the
fireplace is located in the part of the house where the family spends most of its time. This
is normally the main living area where the kitchen, dining and living rooms are located. By
locating the fireplace in this area, you will get the maximum benefit of the heat it produces
and will achieve the highest possible heating efficiency and comfort. The space where you
spend most of your time will be warmest, while bedrooms and basement (if there is one)
will stay cooler. In this way, you will burn less wood than with other forms of heating.
Although the fireplace may be able to heat the main living areas of your house to an
adequate temperature, we strongly recommend that you also have a conventional oil, gas
or electric heating system to provide backup heating.
Your success with zone heating will depend on several factors, including the correct sizing
and location of the fireplace, the size, layout and age of your home and your climate zone.
Three-season vacation homes can usually be heated with smaller fireplaces than houses
that are heated all winter.
2.3 The Benefits of Low Emissions and High Efficiency
The low smoke emissions produced by the special features inside the Solution 2.5-ZC
firebox mean that your household will release up to 90 percent less smoke into the outside
environment than if you used an older conventional stove. But there is more to the
emission control technologies than protecting the environment.
The smoke released from wood when it is heated contains about half of the energy
content of the fuel. By burning the wood completely, your fireplace releases all the heat
energy from the wood instead of wasting it as smoke up the chimney. Also, the features
inside the firebox allow you to reduce the air supply to control heat output, while
maintaining clean and efficient flaming combustion, which boosts the efficient delivery of
heat to your home.
The emission control and advanced combustion features of your fireplace can only work
properly if your fuel is in the correct moisture content range of 15 to 20 percent. See
Section 3: Fuel of this manual for suggestions on preparing fuelwood and judging its
moisture.
12 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
2.4 The SBI Commitment to You and the Environment
The SBI team is committed to protecting the environment, so we do everything we can to
use only materials in our products that will have no lasting negative impact on the
environment.
2.4.1 What is Your New Fireplace Made Of?
The body of your fireplace, which is most of its weight, is carbon steel. Should it ever
become necessary many years in the future, almost the entire fireplace can be recycled
into new products, thus eliminating the need to mine new materials.
The paint coating on your fireplace is very thin. Its VOC content (Volatile Organic
Compounds) is very low. VOCs can be responsible for smog, so all the paint used during
the manufacturing process meets the latest air quality requirements regarding VOC
reduction or elimination.
The air tubes are stainless steel, which can also be recycled.
The C-Cast baffle is made of an aluminosilicate fibre material that is compressed with a
binder to form a rigid board. C-Cast can withstand temperatures above 2,000 °F. It is not
considered hazardous waste. Disposal at a landfill is recommended.
Firebrick is mainly composed of silicon dioxide, also known as silica, a product processed
from a mined mineral. It is most commonly found in nature in the form of sand and clay.
Disposal at a landfill is recommended.
Moulded refractory bricks are mainly composed of silicon dioxide, also known as silica, a
product processed from a mined mineral. It is most commonly found in nature in the form
of sand and clay. Disposal at a landfill is recommended. The steel mesh contained in
some refractory bricks can be recycled.
The door and glass gaskets are fibreglass which is spun from melted sand. Black gaskets
have been dipped into a solvent-free solution. Disposal at a landfill is recommended.
The door glass is a 5 mm thick ceramic material that contains no toxic chemicals. It is
made of natural raw materials such as sand and quartz that are combined in such a way to
form a high temperature glass. Ceramic glass cannot be recycled in the same way as
normal glass, so it should not be disposed of with your regular household products.
Disposal at a landfill is recommended.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
13
3 Fuel
3.1 Materials That Should Not be Burned
•
GARBAGE OF ANY KIND,
•
COAL OR CHARCOAL,
•
TREATED, PAINTED OR COATED WOOD,
•
PLYWOOD OR PARTICLE BOARD,
•
FINE PAPER, COLORED PAPER OR CARDBOARD,
•
SALT WATER DRIFTWOOD
•
MANUFACTURED LOGS CONTAINING WAX OR CHEMICAL ADDITIVES
•
RAILROAD TIES
•
LIQUIDS SUCH AS KEROSENE OR DIESEL FUEL TO START A FIRE
WARNING: DO NOT POKE OR STIR THE LOGS WHILE THEY ARE BURNING. USE
ONLY FIRELOGS THAT HAVE BEEN TESTED FOR USE IN FIREPLACES
(SEE ULC/ORD-C127, COMPOSITE FIRELOGS) AND PRIOR TO USE,
REFER TO FIRELOG WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS MARKINGS ON
PACKAGING.
3.2 How to Prepare or Buy Good Firewood
3.2.1 What is Good Firewood?
Good firewood has been cut to the correct length for the fireplace, split to a range of sizes
and stacked in the open until its moisture content is reduced to 15 to 20 per cent.
3.2.2 Tree Species
The tree species the firewood is produced from is less important than its moisture content.
The main difference in firewood from various tree species is the density of the wood.
Hardwoods are denser than softwoods. People who live in the coldest regions of North
America usually have only spruce, birch and poplar, other low-density species to burn and
yet they can heat their homes successfully.
Homeowners with access to both hardwood and softwood fuel sometimes use both types
for different purposes. For example, softer woods make good fuel for relatively mild
weather in spring and fall because they light quickly and produce less heat Softwoods are
not as dense as hardwoods so a given volume of wood contains less energy. Using
softwoods avoids overheating the house, which can be a common problem with wood
heating in moderate weather. Harder woods are best for colder winter weather when more
heat and longer burn cycles are desirable.
14 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Note that hardwood trees like oak, maple, ash and beech are slower growing and longer
lived than softer woods like poplar and birch. That makes hardwood trees more valuable.
The advice that only hardwoods are good to burn is outdated. Old, leaky cast iron stoves
wouldn’t hold a fire overnight unless they were fed large pieces of hardwood. That is no
longer true. You can successfully heat your home by using the less desirable tree species
and give the forest a break at the same time.
3.2.3 Log Length
Logs should be cut at least 1” (25 mm) shorter than the firebox so they fit in easily. Pieces
that are even slightly too long make loading the fireplace very difficult. The most common
standard length of firewood is 16” (400 mm).
The pieces should be a consistent length, with a maximum of 1” (25 mm) variation from
piece to piece.
3.2.4 Piece Size
Firewood dries more quickly when it is split. Large unsplit rounds can take years to dry
enough to burn. Even when dried, unsplit logs are difficult to ignite because they don’t
have the sharp edges where the flames first catch. Logs as small as 3” (75 mm) should be
split to encourage drying.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
15
Wood should be split to a range of sizes, from about 3” to 6” (75 mm to 150 mm) in cross
section. Having a range of sizes makes starting and rekindling fires much easier. Often,
the firewood purchased from commercial suppliers is not split finely enough for convenient
stoking. It is sometimes advisable to resplit the wood before stacking to dry.
3.2.5 How to Dry Firewood
Firewood that is not dry enough to burn is the cause of most complaints about wood
fireplaces. Continually burning green or unseasoned wood produces more creosote and
involves lack of heat and dirty glass door. See Section 5: Maintaining your wood
heating system for concerns about creosote.
Here are some things to consider in estimating drying time:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
firewood takes a long time to dry
firewood bought from a dealer is rarely dry enough to burn, so it is advisable to buy the
wood in spring and dry it yourself
drying happens faster in dry weather than in damp, maritime climates
drying happens faster in warm summer weather than in winter weather
small pieces dry more quickly than large pieces
split pieces dry more quickly than unsplit rounds
softwoods take less time to dry than hardwoods
softwoods like pine, spruce, and poplar/aspen can be dry enough to burn after being
stacked in the open for only the summer months
hardwoods like oak, maple and ash can take one, or even two years to dry fully,
especially if the pieces are big
firewood dries more quickly when stacked in the open where it is exposed to sun and
wind; it takes much longer to dry when stacked in a wood shed
firewood that is ready to burn has a moisture content between15 and 20% by weight
and will allow your fireplace to produce its highest possible efficiency
16 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
3.2.6 Judging Firewood Moisture Content
You can find out if some firewood is dry enough to burn by using these guidelines:
•
•
•
•
•
•
cracks form at the ends of logs as they dry
as it dries in the sun, the wood turns from white or cream colored to grey or yellow,
bang two pieces of wood together; seasoned wood sounds hollow and wet wood
sounds dull,
dry wood is much lighter in weight than wet wood,
split a piece, and if the fresh face feels warm and dry it is dry enough to burn; if it feels
damp, it is too wet,
burn a piece; wet wood hisses and sizzles in the fire and dry wood does not.
You could buy a wood moisture meter to
test your firewood.
3.3 Manufactured Logs
Do not burn manufactured logs made of wax impregnated sawdust or logs with any
chemical additives. Manufactured logs made of 100% compressed sawdust can be
burned, but use caution in the number of these logs burned at one time. Start with one
manufactured log and see how the fireplace reacts. Never use more than two
manufactured logs at a time.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
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4 Operating Your Fireplace
4.1 The use of a fire screen
This fireplace has been tested for use with an open door in conjunction with a fire screen
(AC01308, sold separately). Make sure the fire screen is properly secured on the fireplace
to avoid any risk of sparks damaging your flooring. When the fire screen is in use, do not
leave the fireplace unattended so that you can respond promptly in the event of smoke
spillage into the room. Potential causes of smoke spillage are described in Section 8: The
Venting System of this manual. See Appendix 5: Installing the Fire Screen (AC01308)
for installation instructions.
OPERATING WITH THE FIRE SCREEN INCREASES THE POSSIBILITY OF
GENERATING CARBON MONOXIDE. CARBON MONOXIDE IS AN ODOURLESS GAS
THAT IS HIGHLY TOXIC AND WHICH CAN CAUSE DEATH AT HIGH
CONCENTRATION IN AIR.
4.2 Your First Fires
Two things will happen as you burn your first few fires; the paint cures and the internal
components of the fireplace are conditioned.
As the paint cures, some of the chemicals vaporize. The vapors are not poisonous, but
they do smell bad. Fresh paint fumes can also cause false alarms in smoke detectors. So,
when you first light your fireplace, be prepared by opening doors and/or windows to
ventilate the house. As you burn hotter and hotter fires, more of the painted surfaces reach
the curing temperature of the paint. The smell of curing paint does not disappear until you
have burned one or two very hot fires.
Burn one or two small fires to begin the curing and conditioning process. Then build bigger
and hotter fires until there is no longer any paint smell from the fireplace. Once the paint
smell disappears, your fireplace is ready for serious heating.
4.3 Lighting Fires
Each person who heats with wood develops their own favorite way to light fires. Whatever
method you choose, your goal should be to get a hot fire burning quickly. A fire that starts
fast produces less smoke and deposits less creosote in the chimney. Here are three
popular and effective ways to start wood fires.
18 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
4.3.1 Conventional Fire Starting
The conventional way to build a wood
fire is to bunch up 5 to 10 sheets of
plain newspaper and place them in the
firebox. Next, place 10 or so pieces of
fine kindling on the newspaper. This
kindling should be very thin; less than
1” (25 mm). Next, place some larger
kindling pieces on the fine kindling.
Open the air control fully and light the
newspaper. If you have a tall, straight
venting system you should be able to
close the door immediately and the fire
will ignite. Once the fire has ignited,
close the door and leave the air control
fully open.
A conventional kindling fire with paper
under finely split wood.
DO NOT LEAVE THE FIREPLACE UNATTENDED WHEN THE DOOR IS SLIGHTLY
OPENED. ALWAYS CLOSE AND LATCH THE DOOR AFTER THE FIRE IGNITES.
After the kindling fire has mostly burned, you can add standard firewood pieces until you
have a fire of the right size for the conditions.
CAUTION: PLACE THE WOOD LOGS FAR ENOUGH FROM THE GLASS TO ALLOW
PROPER PRIMARY AIR FLOW
4.3.2 The Top Down Fire
The top down fire starting method solves two problems with the conventional method: first,
it does not collapse and smother itself as it burns; and second, it is not necessary to build
up the fire gradually because the firebox is loaded before the fire is lit. A top down fire can
provide up to two hours of heating or more. The top down method only works properly if
the wood is well-seasoned.
Start by placing three or four full-sized split pieces of dry firewood in the firebox. Next,
place 4 or 5 more finely split pieces of firewood (2” to 3” [50 mm to 75 mm] in dia.) on the
base logs at right angles (log cabin style). Now place about 10 pieces of finely split
kindling on the second layer at right angles.
The fire is topped with about 5 sheets of newspaper. You can just bunch them up and stuff
them in between the kindling and the underside of the baffle. Or you can make newspaper
knots by rolling up single sheets corner to corner and tying a knot in them. The advantage
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
19
of knots is that they don’t roll off the fire as they burn. Light the newspaper and watch as
the fire burns from top to bottom.
4.3.3 Two Parallel Logs
Place two spit logs in the firebox. Place a few sheets of twisted newspaper between the
logs. Now place some fine kindling across the two logs and some larger kindling across
those, log cabin style. Light the newspaper.
4.3.4 Using Fire Starters
Many people like to use commercial fire starters instead of newspaper. Some of these
starters are made of sawdust and wax and others are specialized flammable solid
chemicals. Follow the package directions for use.
Gel starter may be used but only if there are no hot embers present. Use only in a cold
firebox to start a fire.
DO NOT USE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS SUCH AS GASOLINE, NAPHTHA, FUEL OIL,
MOTOR OIL, OR AEROSOLS TO START OR REKINDLE THE FIRE.
4.4 Maintaining Wood Fires
4.4.1 General Advice
Wood heating with a space heater is very different than other forms of heating. There will
be variations in the temperature in different parts of the house and there will be variations
in temperature throughout the day and night. This is normal, and for experienced wood
burners these are advantages of zone heating with wood.
Do not expect steady heat output from your fireplace. It is normal for its surface
temperature to rise after a new load of wood is ignited and for its temperature to gradually
decline as the fire progresses. This rising and falling of temperature can be matched to
your household routines. For example, the area temperature can be cooler when you are
active, such as when doing housework or cooking, and it can be warmer when you are
inactive, such as when reading or watching television.
Wood burns best in cycles. A cycle starts when a new load of wood is ignited by hot coals
and ends when that load has been consumed down to a bed of charcoal about the same
size as it was when the wood was loaded. Do not attempt to produce a steady heat output
by placing a single log on the fire at regular intervals. Always place at least three, and
preferably more, pieces on the fire at a time so that the heat radiated from one piece helps
to ignite the pieces next to it. Each load of wood should provide several hours of heating.
The size of each load can be matched to the amount of heat needed.
When you burn in cycles, you rarely need to open the fireplace’s loading door while the
wood is flaming. This is an advantage because there is more chance that smoke will leak
from the fireplace when the door is opened as a full fire is burning.
20 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
IF YOU MUST OPEN THE DOOR WHILE THE FUEL IS FLAMING, OPEN THE AIR
CONTROL FULLY FOR A FEW MINUTES, THEN UNLATCH AND OPEN THE DOOR
SLOWLY.
4.4.2 Ash Removal
Ash should be removed from the firebox every two or three days of full time heating. Do
not let the ash build up in the firebox because it will interfere with proper fire management.
The best time to remove ash is after an overnight fire when the fireplace is relatively cool,
but there is still some chimney draft to draw the ash dust into the fireplace and prevent it
from coming into the room.
After ashes have been removed from the fireplace and placed in a tightly covered metal
container, they should be taken outside immediately. The closed container of ashes
should be placed on a non-combustible floor or on the ground well away from all
combustible materials pending final disposal. Ashes normally contain some live charcoal
that can stay hot for several days. If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise
locally dispersed, they should be retained in the closed container until all cinders have
thoroughly cooled. Other waste should not be placed in this container.
NEVER STORE ASHES INDOORS OR IN A NON-METALIC CONTAINER OR ON A
WOODEN DECK.
4.4.3 Raking Charcoal
Rekindle the fire when you notice that the room temperature has fallen. You will find most
of the remaining charcoal at the back of the firebox, furthest from the door. Rake these
coals towards the door before loading. There are two reasons for this raking of the coals.
First, it concentrates them near where most of the combustion air enters the firebox and
where they can ignite the new load quickly, and second, the charcoal will not be
smothered by the new load of wood. If you were to simply spread the charcoal out, the
new load will smoulder for a long time before igniting.
Remove ash first, and then rake charcoal towards the front of the firebox before loading so
that it will ignite the new load.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
21
4.4.4 Firing Each New Load Hot
Place the new load of wood on and behind the charcoal, and not too close to the glass.
Close the door and open the air control fully. Leave the air control fully open until the
firebox is full of flames, the wood has charred to black and its edges are glowing red.
Firing each load of wood hot accomplishes a few things:
•
•
•
•
drives the surface moisture from the wood,
creates a layer of char on the wood, which slows down its release of smoke,
heats the firebox components so they reflect heat back to the fire, and
heats the chimney so it can produce strong, steady draft for the rest of the cycle.
Although it is important to fire each new load hot to prepare for a clean burn, do not allow
the fire to burn at full intensity for more than a few minutes.
DO NOT LEAVE THE FIREPLACE UNATTENDED WHILE A NEW LOAD IS BEING
FIRED HOT.
DO NOT OVERFIRE.
When you burn a new load of wood hot to heat up the wood, the fireplace and the
chimney, the result will be a surge of heat from the fireplace. This heat surge is welcome
when the room temperature is a little lower than desirable, but not welcome if the space is
already warm. Therefore, allow each load of wood to burn down so that the space begins
to cool off a little before loading. Letting the space cool before loading is one of the secrets
to clean burning and effective zone heating.
4.4.5 Turning Down the Air Supply
Once the firewood, firebox and chimney are hot, you can begin to reduce the air supply for
a steady burn.
As you reduce the air supply to the fire, two important things happen. First, the firing rate
slows down to spread the heat energy in the fuel over a longer period of time. Second, the
flow rate of exhaust through the fireplace and flue pipe slows down, which gives more time
for the transfer of heat from the exhaust. You will notice that as you reduce the air setting,
the flames slow down. This is your indication that the fireplace is burning at its peak
efficiency.
If the flames get small and almost disappear when you turn down the air, you have turned
down the air too early, or your firewood is wetter than it should be. With good fuel and
correct air control use, the flames should slow down, but should stay large and steady,
even as the air supply is reduced.
22 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
4.4.6 Building Different Fires for Different Needs
Using the air control is not the only way to match the fireplace’s heat output to the heat
demand. Your house will need far less heat in October than in January to be kept at a
comfortable temperature. If you fill the firebox full in fall weather, you will either overheat
the space or turn the fireplace down so much that the fire will be smoky and inefficient.
Here are some suggestions for building fires to match different heat demand.
4.4.6.1 Small Fires to Take the Chill Off the House
To build a small fire that will produce a low heat output, use small pieces of firewood and
load them crisscross in the firebox. The pieces should be only 3” to 4” in diameter. After
raking the coals, you can lay two pieces parallel to each other corner to corner in the
firebox and lay two more across them in the other direction. Open the air control fully and
only reduce the air after the wood is fully flaming. This kind of fire is good for mild weather
when you are around to tend the fireplace and should provide enough heat for four hours
or more. Small fires like this are a good time to use softer wood species so there will be
less chance of overheating the house.
4.4.6.2 Long Lasting Low Output Fires
Sometimes you will want to build a fire to last up to eight hours, but don’t need intense
heat. In this case use soft wood species and place the logs compactly in the firebox so the
pieces are packed tightly together. You will need to fire the load hot for long enough to
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
23
fully char the log surfaces before you can turn the air down. Make sure the fire is flaming
brightly before leaving the fire to burn.
4.4.6.3 High Output Fires for Cold Weather
When the heat demand is high during cold weather, you’ll need a fire that burns steadily
and brightly. This is the time to use larger pieces of hardwood fuel if you have it. Put the
biggest pieces at the back of the firebox and place the rest of the pieces compactly. A
densely built fire like this will produce the longest burn your fireplace is capable of.
You will need to be cautious when building fires like this because if the air is turned down
too much, the fire could smoulder. Make sure the wood is flaming brightly before leaving
the fire to burn.
4.4.6.4 Maximum Burn Cycle Times
The burn cycle time is the period between loading wood on a coal bed and the
consumption of that wood back to a coal bed of the same size. The flaming phase of the
fire lasts for roughly the first half of the burn cycle and the second half is the coal bed
phase during which there is little or no flame. The length of burn you can expect from your
fireplace, including both the flaming and coal bed phases, will be affected by a number of
things, such as:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
firebox size,
the amount of wood loaded,
the species of wood you burn,
the wood moisture content,
the size of the space to be heated,
the climate zone you live in, and
the time of year.
The table below provides a very general indication of the maximum burn cycle times you
are likely to experience, based on firebox volume.
FIREBOX VOLUME
<1.5 cubic feet
1.5 c.f. to 2.0 c.f
2.0 c.f. to 2.5 c.f.
2.5 c.f. to 3.0 c.f.
>3.0 c.f.
MAXIMUM
BURN TIME
3 to 5 hours
5 to 6 hours
6 to 8 hours
8 to 9 hours
9 to 10 hours
Long burn times are not necessarily an indication of efficient fireplace operation. When
you are home during the day and able to tend the fire, it is preferable to build a smaller fire
that might provide three or four hours of heating than to fully load the firebox for a much
longer burn. Shorter burn cycles make it easier to match the heat output of the fireplace to
the heat demand of the space.
24 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
4.4.6.5 How to place the logs
In fireboxes that are roughly square, wood can be loaded so that looking through the glass
door you see the ends of the logs (north-south) or the sides of the logs (east-west). In all
cases, wood should always be placed behind the andirons.
East-west loads that are built compactly break down slowly when heated, but the amount
of wood you can load is limited because if you put in too many pieces, one may fall against
the glass. East-west loads are excellent for long, low output fires for relatively mild
weather.
North-south loads break down more quickly, but much more wood can be loaded at a time.
This makes north-south loading good for high output, long lasting fires for cold weather.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
25
5 Maintaining Your Wood Heating System
5.1 Fireplace Maintenance
Your new fireplace will give many years of reliable service if you use and maintain it
correctly. Some of the internal components of the firebox, such as firebricks, baffles and
air tubes, will wear over time under intense heat. You should always replace defective
parts with original parts (see Appendix 7: Exploded Diagram and Parts List). Firing
each load hot to begin a cycle as described above will not cause premature deterioration
of the fireplace. However, letting the fireplace run with the air control fully open for the
entire burn cycles can cause damage over time. The hotter you run the fireplace
throughout burn cycles, the more quickly its components will deteriorate. For that reason,
never leave the fireplace unattended while a new load is being fired hot.
5.1.1 Plated Finish Maintenance
If your appliance has a plated finish, use a metal polish and a soft cloth to clean it. Do not
use abrasives such as steel wool, steel pads or an abrasive cleaner for they may scratch
the finish.
5.1.2 Glass Door Cleaning
Under normal conditions, your door glass should stay relatively clear. If your firewood is
dry enough and you follow the operating instructions in this manual, a whitish, dusty
deposit will form on the inside of the glass after a week or so of use. This is normal and
can be easily removed when the fireplace is cool by wiping with a damp cloth or paper
towel and then drying. Never try to clean the glass when the fireplace is hot.
In spring and fall when the fireplace is run at lower temperatures, you may see some light
brown stains forming, especially at the lower corners of the glass. This indicates that the
fire has been smoky and some of the smoke has condensed on the glass. When the
weather is mild, you may find that letting the fire go out is better than trying to maintain a
continuous fire. Use the technique described above for building a fire to take the chill off
the house.
If you do get brown stains on the glass you can remove them with special cleaners for
wood heater glass doors. Do not use abrasives to clean your fireplace’s door glass.
The deposits that form on the glass are the best indication of the quality of your fuel and
how well you are doing in operating the fireplace. Your goal should be clear glass with no
brown stains. If you continue to see brown stains on the glass, something about your fuel
and operating procedure needs to be changed. Stains on the glass indicate incomplete
combustion of the wood, which also means more smoke emissions and faster formation of
creosote in the chimney.
If you see brown streaks coming from the edge of the glass, it is time to replace the gasket
around the glass. Visit your fireplace retailer to get the self-adhesive glass gasket and
follow the instructions below for installation.
26 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Do not abuse the glass door by striking or slamming shut. Do not use the fireplace
if the glass is broken.
5.1.3 Door Adjustment
In order for your fireplace to burn at its best efficiency, the door must provide a perfect seal
with the firebox. Therefore, the gasket should be inspected periodically to check for a good
seal. The gasket seal may be improved with a simple latch mechanism adjustment. To
adjust:
1. Remove the split pin by pulling and
turning it using pliers.
2. Turn the handle counter clock wise
one turn to increase pressure. To
reduce
the
pressure,
when
installing a new gasket for
example, turn clock wise.
3. Re-install the split pin with a small
hammer.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
27
5.1.4 Door Alignment
To align, open the fireplace’s doors and loosen the pressures screws located on the lower
and upper hinges of each door using a 3/32” Allen key to free the adjustable hinge rods.
28 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Using a flat screwdriver, turn the adjustable hinge rods in the direction shown to adjust the
doors. Tighten all door hinge pressure screws when they are at the desired positions.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
29
5.1.5 Replacing the Door Gasket
It is important to maintain the gasket in good condition. After a year or more of use, the
door gasket will compress and become hard, which may allow air to leak past it. You can
test the condition of the door gasket by closing and latching the door on a strip of paper.
Test all around the door. If the paper slips out easily anywhere, it is time to replace the
gasket.
Use the correct replacement gasket that you can purchase from your retailer. The
diameter and density of the gasket is important to getting a good seal.
Place the door face-down on something soft like a cushion of rags or piece of carpet.
Remove the old gasket from the door by pulling and prying it out with an old screw driver.
Then use the screwdriver to scrape the old gasket adhesive from the door. Now run a 1/4”
(6 mm) bead of high temperature silicone in the door gasket groove. Starting from the
middle of the hinge side, press the gasket into the groove. Do not stretch the gasket as
you place it. Leave the gasket about 1/2” long when you cut it and press the end into the
groove. Tuck any loose fibres under the gasket and into the silicone. Close the door and
do not use the fireplace for 24 hours.
Location
Length
Dimensions
On each door frame
41 ½" (105 cm)
Flat 1/4’’ x ½” (6 x 12mm
Center door gasket
14 ½” (36 cm)
Flat 1/4’’ x ½” (6 x 12mm)
5.1.6 Replacing the Glass Gasket
and/or the Glass
It is a good idea to replace the glass
gasket when the door gasket is
replaced. The gasket is flat,
adhesive-backed, woven fibreglass.
Remove the glass retaining screws
(A) and clips (B) then the metal
frames (C) that hold the glass (D) to
the door frame (E). Lift out the glass
(D) and pull off the old gasket. Do
the same for the other door. This is
a good time to clean the glass
thoroughly.
30 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
The gasket must be centred on the edge of the glass. To do this easily, peel back a
section of the paper covering the adhesive and place the gasket on a table with the
adhesive side up. Stick the end of the gasket to the middle of one edge, then press the
edge of the glass down onto the gasket, taking care that it is perfectly centred on the
gasket. Peel off more of the backing and rotate the glass and press the next section onto
the gasket. Do not stretch the gasket as you place it. Continue until you get to the start
and trim the gasket to length. Now pinch the gasket to the glass in a U shape, all around
the glass. Reinstall the glass, being careful to centre the glass carefully in the door. Do not
over-tighten the screws. Note that the two main causes of broken door glass are uneven
placement in the door and over-tightening of retaining screws.
Location
Length
Dimensions
Around each glass
51 ½" (131 cm)
“U” shaped
Do not abuse the glass door by striking or slamming shut. Do not use the fireplace if the
glass is broken. To change the glass, perform the same operation described above.
Both glasses used in the SOLUTION 2.5-ZC are 5 mm thick of dimension: 12" x 13,625"
and tested to reach temperatures up to 1400º F. If the glass breaks, it must be replaced
with one having the same specification. Contact your ENERZONE dealer to obtain a
genuine replacement part (see “replacement parts”, in appendix to get the proper part
number).
WARNING: TEMPERED GLASS OR ORDINARY GLASS WILL NOT WITHSTAND THE
HIGH TEMPERATURES OF THE SOLUTION 2.5-ZC.
5.1.7 Cleaning and Painting the Fireplace
Do not attempt to clean or paint the fireplace when the unit is hot. Painted surfaces
can be wiped down with a damp cloth. Plated surfaces may be scratched by abrasive
cleaners. To maintain the finish at its original brilliance, use only a damp soft cloth to clean
plated surfaces.
If the paint becomes scratched or damaged, you can give your wood fireplace a brand
new look by repainting it with heat-resistant paint. Before painting, roughen the surface
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
31
with fine sand paper, wipe it down to remove dust, and apply two thin coats of paint. For
best results, use the same paint that was originally used on the fireplace, which is
available in spray cans. See your dealer for details.
5.2 Chimney and Chimney Liner Maintenance
5.2.1 Why Chimney Cleaning is Necessary
Wood smoke can condense inside the chimney liner and chimney, forming a combustible
deposit called creosote. If creosote is allowed to build up in the venting system it can ignite
when a hot fire is burned in the fireplace and a very hot fire can progress to the top of the
chimney. Severe chimney fires can damage even the best chimneys. Smouldering, smoky
fires can quickly cause a thick layer of creosote to form. When you avoid smouldering so
the exhaust from the chimney is mostly clear, creosote builds up more slowly. Your new
fireplace has the right characteristics to help you to burn clean fires with little or no smoke,
resulting in less creosote in the chimney.
5.2.2 How Often Should You Clean the Chimney?
It is not possible to predict how much or how quickly creosote will form in your chimney. It
is important, therefore, to check the build-up in your chimney monthly when getting used to
the new fireplace until you determine the rate of creosote formation. Even if creosote forms
slowly in your system, the chimney should be cleaned and inspected at least once each
year. Do not allow more than 1/8 (3 mm) creosote buildup in the chimney.
It is recommended to clean thoroughly the chimney system at the end of every heating
season. During summer, the air is damper and with minimal air circulation within the stove
or furnace, it can mix with creosote and/or sooth deposits in the chimney system to form
an acid that could accelerate the corrosion process and induce premature decay of the
steel. Corrosion damages are not covered under warranty. Have your chimney system
cleaned by a professional chimney sweep. Use a plastic or steel brush.
Contact your local municipal or provincial fire authority for information on how to handle a
chimney fire. Have a clearly understood plan to handle a chimney fire.
32 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
5.2.3 Cleaning the Chimney
Chimney cleaning can be a difficult and
dangerous job. If you don’t have
experience cleaning chimneys, you
might want to hire a professional
chimney sweep to clean and inspect
the system for the first time. After
having seen the cleaning process, you
can decide if it is a job you would like to
take on.
The most common equipment used are
fibreglass rods with threaded fittings
and stiff plastic brushes. The brush is
forced up and down inside the chimney
flue to scrub off the creosote.
The chimney should be checked
regularly
for
creosote
build-up.
Inspection and cleaning of the chimney
can be facilitated by removing the
baffle.
Do not expect chemical cleaners to
keep your chimney clean.
The rain cap can be removed for inspection and/or cleaning of the chimney.
The chimney should be swept following these steps:
1) Remove the fire baffle and air tubes.
2) Remove the rain cap.
3) Sweep the chimney.
4) Clean the inside of the firebox.
5) Re-install the baffle, the air tubes and the rain cap.
CAUTION: OPERATION OF YOUR SOLUTION 2.5-ZC WITHOUT THE BAFFLE MAY
CAUSE UNSAFE AND HAZARDOUS TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS AND
WILL VOID THE WARRANTY.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
33
5.2.4 Fire Baffle Removal Prior to Cleaning the Chimney
Before starting to clean your chimney, we recommend that you remove the fire baffle to
avoid creosote dust collection on top of the baffle. Follow the steps below to remove the
fire baffle:
1. Remove the front air tube by pulling out the cutter pin on the side of the tube. They are
located at the top, underneath the baffle.
2. Lift the baffle assembly and slide it out of the fireplace. You now have access to the
chimney.
See Appendix 6: Installation of Secondary Air Tubes and Baffle for details.
5.2.5 Chimney Fire
Regular chimney maintenance and inspection can prevent chimney fires. If you have a
chimney fire, follow these steps:
1. Close the fireplace door and the air intake controls;
2. Alert your family of the possible danger;
3. If you require assistance, alert your fire department;
4. If possible, use a dry chemical fire extinguisher, baking soda or sand to control the fire.
Do not use water as it may cause a dangerous steam explosion;
5. Check outside to ensure that sparks and hot embers coming out of the chimney are not
igniting the roof;
6. Do not use the fireplace again until your chimney and fireplace have been inspected by
a qualified chimney sweep or a Fire Department Inspector;
34 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
PART B – INSTALLATION
Install the fireplace only as described in these instructions and using only components
from the chimney manufacturers listed in table 2.
Parts Required

SOLUTION 2.5-ZC Fireplace

Insulated chimney made by the manufacturers listed in table 2, with the corresponding
specifications :
 Chimney lengths
 Elbows (where necessary)
 Associated components as per these installation instructions.
Additional Equipment (optional)




Forced Air Distribution Kit
Gravity Kit
Fresh air kit
Fire screen
6 Safety Information
6.1 Summary of Installation Cautions and Warnings
•
THE INFORMATION GIVEN ON THE CERTIFICATION LABEL AFFIXED TO THE
APPLIANCE ALWAYS OVERRIDES THE INFORMATION PUBLISHED, IN ANY
OTHER MEDIA (OWNER’S MANUAL, CATALOGUES, FLYERS, MAGAZINES
AND/OR WEB SITES).
•
MIXING OF APPLIANCE COMPONENTS FROM DIFFERENT SOURCES OR
MODIFYING COMPONENTS MAY RESULT IN HAZARDOUS CONDTIONS. WHERE
ANY SUCH CHANGES ARE PLANNED, STOVE BUILDER INTERNATIONAL INC.
SHOULD BE CONTACTED IN ADVANCE.
•
ANY MODIFICATION OF THE APPLIANCE THAT HAS NOT BEEN APPROVED IN
WRITING BY THE TESTING AUTHORITY VIOLATES CSA B365 (CANADA), AND
ANSI NFPA 211 (USA).
•
CONNECTION BETWEEN A 2100 INSULATED CHIMNEY AND A LISTED STAINLESS STEEL CHIMNEY LINER IS ALLOWED IF A LISTED CONNECTOR IS USED. FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS IN SECTION 8.9 FOR THAT KIND OF INSTALLATION. Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
35
•
IF REQUIRED, A SUPPLY OF COMBUSTION AIR SHALL BE PROVIDED TO THE
ROOM.
•
DO NOT CONNECT TO OR USE IN CONJUNCTION WITH ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION
DUCTWORK UNLESS SPECIFICALLY APPROVED FOR SUCH INSTALLATION.
•
DO NOT CONNECT THIS UNIT TO A CHIMNEY FLUE SERVING ANOTHER
APPLIANCE.
•
THIS FIREPLACE HAS NOT BEEN TESTED TO BE INSTALLED IN A MOBILE
HOME.
•
THIS FIREPLACE HAS NOT BEEN TESTED TO BE INSTALLED INSIDE A
MASONRY CHIMNEY.
6.2 Regulations Covering Fireplace Installation
When installed and operated as described in these instructions, the Solution 2.5-ZC wood
fireplace is suitable for use in residential installations. The Solution 2.5-ZC wood fireplace
is not intended for installation in a bedroom of a mobile home.
In Canada, the CSA B365 Installation Code for Solid Fuel Burning Appliances and
Equipment and the CSA C22.1 Canadian National Electrical Code are to be followed in the
absence of local code requirements. In the USA, the ANSI NFPA 211 Standard for
Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances and the ANSI NFPA 70
National Electrical Code are to be followed in the absence of local code requirements.
36 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
NOTE: The Fireplace is not approved for use with a so-called “positive flue connection” to
the clay tile of a masonry chimney.
6.3 Fireplace Installation
6.3.1 Locating the SOLUTION 2.5-ZC
A. The best location to install your fireplace is determined by considering the location of
windows, doors, and the traffic flow in the room where the fireplace is located, allowing
space in front of the unit for the heart extension and the mantel, and taking into
consideration the location of the hot air ducts (optional), outside air kit and chimney. If
possible, you should choose a location where the chimney will pass through the house
without cutting floor or roof rafters.
B. Usually, no additional floor support is needed for the fireplace. The adequacy of the
floor can be checked by first estimating the weight of the fireplace system. Weight is
given in Section 2.1: Solution 2.5-ZC Specifications. Next, measure the area
occupied by the fireplace, note the floor construction and consult your local building
code to determine if additional support is needed.
6.3.1.1 Raised base installation of more than 4" (R value for the hearth extension
not required)
The SOLUTION 2.5-ZC may be installed directly on the floor or on a raised combustible or
non combustible base. If the fireplace is elevated more than 4" (B), an R value for the
hearth extension is not required. However, the upper and lower angle, for the full width of
the floor protection, must be protected 2" horizontally and vertically (E) by a noncombustible material. For example, a sheet metal (not included). Apart from these two
corners, the sheet metal does not have to cover the rest of the wall between the base of
the fireplace and the floor.
Note that the non-combustible hearth extension floor area must extend at least 18" (41
cm) in front of the hearth as shown in Section 6.3.2: Minimum Heart Extension
Requirements.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
37
CLEARANCES
A
B
MINIMUM
MEASUREMENTS
80" (2032 mm)
4" (102 mm) minimum
E
38 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
2" (51 mm)
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
39
In the case where (F) would be equal to 4", it is suggested that the sheet metal between
the base of the fireplace and floor be in one piece.
40 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
6.3.1.2 On the floor or on a raised base of less than 4" installation (R value for the
hearth extension required)
In the case where the fireplace is installed directly on the floor or on a raised base of less
than 4", an R value for the hearth extension is required. In these case also, the joint
between the hearth extension and the fireplace (E) must be protected by a noncombustible material. For example, a sheet metal (not included).
Note that the floor under of the fireplace should match or exceed the height of the floor
protection.
MINIMUM MEASUREMENT
E
2" (51 mm)
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
41
A noncombustible floor protection with R value insulation equal to or greater than 1.00
must be installed in front of the unit. For more details see Section 6.3.2: Minimum Heart
Extension Requirements. The use of an R value is convenient when more than one
material is going to be used in the hearth extension to cover the combustible surface. This
is because R values are additive, whereas K values are not. To find the corresponding R
factor to use for some selected materials, please see Thermal Characteristics of
Common Floor Protection Materials table.
CAUTION: DO NOT LEAVE CARPET UNDER THE FLOOR PROTECTION IN FRONT
OF THE FIREPLACE
6.3.1.3 R Calculations
There are two ways to calculate the R factor of the floor protection. First, by adding the Rvalues of the proposed materials or if some K and thickness values are given, by
converting them to R values.
To calculate the R factor for a composite floor protection made of a combination of
alternative materials, simply add the R-values of those materials. If the result is equal to or
larger than the required R value, the combination is acceptable. For R-values of some
selected materials, see Appendix section.
Example:
Required floor protection R of 1.00. Proposed materials: four inches of brick and one
inch of Durock® board:
Four inches of brick
(R = 4 x 0,2 = 0,8) plus 1 inch of Durock® (R = 1 x 0.52 = 0.52).
0.8 + 0.52 = 1.32.
This R value is larger than the required 1.00 and is therefore acceptable
In the case of a known K and thickness of alternative materials to be used in combination,
convert all K values to R by dividing the thickness of each material by its K value. Add the
R values of your proposed materials as shown in the previous example.
Example:
K value = 0.75
Thickness = 1
R value = Thickness/K = 1/0.75 = 1.33
42 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Thermal Characteristics of Common Floor Protection Materials*
MATERIAL
Micore® 160
Micore® 300
Durock®
Hardibacker®
Hardibacker® 500
Wonderboard®
Cement mortar
Common brick
Face brick
Marble
Ceramic tile
Concrete
Mineral wool insulation
Limestone
Ceramic board (Fibremax)
Horizontal still air** (1/8")
CONDUCTIVITY (k)
PER INCH
0.39
0.49
1.92
1.95
2.3
3.23
5.00
5.00
9.00
14.3 – 20.00
12.5
1.050
0.320
6.5
0.450
0.135
RESISTANCE (R) PER INCH
THICKNESS
2.54
2.06
0.52
0.51
0.44
0.31
0.2
0.2
0.11
0.07 – 0.05
0.008
0.950
3.120
0.153
2.2
0,920**
* Information as reported by manufacturers and other resources
** For a 1/8" thickness. You cannot «stack» horizontal still air to accumulate R-values; you
must separate each layer of horizontal still air with another non-combustible material.
6.3.2 Minimum Heart Extension Requirements
The hearth extension floor area must extend at least 16" (41 cm) in front of the hearth (A)
and at least 8" (20 cm) on each side of the door opening (D). The joint between the hearth
extension and the fireplace hearth needs to be made of non-combustible material such as
sheet metal (not included).
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
43
CLEARANCES
A
B
C
16" (406 mm)
41.5" (1054 mm)
8" (203 mm)
44 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
6.3.3 Framing, Facing, Mantel, and Combustible Shelf
6.3.3.1 Framing
The construction of the framing, facing, and mantel must be in accordance with the
standards and the following illustrations:
A. Frame the sides and back of the fireplace using 2" × 3" (5 cm x 8 cm) or heavier
lumber. However, the front studs as well as headers on top of the fireplace must be of
a depth no more than the depth of the top standoffs.
WARNING: COMBUSTIBLE FRAMING MATERIAL CANNOT BE USED IN THE SPACE
DIRECTLY ABOVE THE FIREPLACE, EXCEPT FOR THE STUDS ABOVE
THE FACING THAT SUPPORT THE FACING MATERIAL AND MANTEL.
THIS AREA MUST REMAIN EMPTY FOR A HEIGHT OF 80” (2.03 M)
MEASURED FROM THE BASE OF THE APPLIANCE.
B. Frame the fireplace with vertical studs at the sides of the fireplace running from floor to
ceiling. Position the studs back from the front edge of the fireplace, a space the
thickness of the facing material so that the facing can be installed flush with the
fireplace facing. Frame headers between the vertical studs only as follows:
 Place the front facing headers in 2" × 3" or of a depth no more than the depth of the
top standoffs. Do not put wood or any material within the area above the fireplace
except what’s necessary to support the front facing.
 Place headers only as required to support the facing and mantel.
WARNING: DO NOT PACK REQUIRED AIR SPACES INSIDE THE CHASE WITH
INSULATION OR OTHER MATERIALS.
WARNING: THE FIREPLACE MUST NOT BE IN CONTACT WITH ANY INSULATION
OR LOOSE FILLING MATERIAL. FOR THIS PURPOSE, COVER THE
INSULATION WITH DRYWALL PANELS OR ANY OTHER FINISHING
MATERIAL INSIDE THE CHASE AROUND THE FIREPLACE.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
45
Wall finish behind the fireplace’s
faceplate installation
Wall finish adjacent to the fireplace’s
faceplate installation
MEASUREMENTS
CLEARANCES
A
B*
C*
D*
5 5/16" (135 mm)
8 7/16" (215 mm)
5" (127 mm)
80" (2032 mm)
E*
F*
G
35 7/8" (911 mm)
24 1/2" (622 mm)
7/8" (22 mm) MAX
*When drywall panels or any other finishing material inside the chase around the fireplace
is to be used, add its thickness to the measurement.
46 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
See Appendixes for fresh air kit (L) and forced air kit (K) installation.
Fresh air intake kit or forced air kit installation
J*
H*
MINIMUM
MEASUREMENTS FOR
FRESH AIR INTAKE**
12" (305 mm)
12" (305 mm)
MINIMUM
MEASUREMENTS FOR
FORCED AIR KIT**
18" (457 mm)
18" (457 mm)
*When drywall panels or any other finishing material inside the chase around the fireplace
is to be used, add its thickness to the measurement.
** The fresh air intake kit and the forced air kit may be installed either on the sides or on
the back.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
47
MEASUREMENTS**
MEASUREMENTS
F*
G
I*
36 1/2" (927 mm)
7/8" (22 mm) MAX
18” (457 mm)
M*
N*
51 5/8" (1311 mm)
73" (1854 mm)
*When drywall panels or any other finishing material inside the chase around the fireplace is to be used, add its thickness to the measurement. **Values M and N are minimum measurements. They may need to be increased to alloy installation of a Fresh air intake kit or forced air kit, or depending on the finish material used. 48 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
CLEARANCES
A
B
C
3" (76 mm) maximum
5 5/8" (143 mm) minimum
17" (432 mm) minimum
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
49
6.3.3.2 Facing
Materials directly in contact with the faceplate of the fireplace may be combustible.
Non-combustible material such as brick, stone or ceramic tile may be in contact with the
fireplace decorative frame. Note that if you ever needed to remove the decorative frame, it
might be wise not to seal between the faceplate and finishing material.
LEGEND
Combustible material allowed in
this area
6.3.3.3 Compliance of a Combustible Mantel Shelf
To ensure compliance of an existing mantel shelf or to install a combustible mantel shelf,
refer to table and figure below. For example, a mantel shelf with a 6’’ depth (152 mm) ((C)
value) must be installed at least 50" (1270 mm) ((B) value) above the bottom of the
fireplace (see figure below). Different mantel shelf dimensions are listed in the following
table. However, no combustible mantel shelf can be installed at less than 50" (1270 mm)
above the bottom of the fireplace. If the depth of the mantel shelf is not listed in the table
below, add 44" (1118 mm) to the depth of your mantel shelf to obtain the safe positioning
of your mantel shelf. For example, for a 9" (229 mm) mantel shelf, the safe positioning
would be 53" (1346 mm) above the bottom of the fireplace 44" (1118 mm) + 9" (229 mm)).
50 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
A
CLEARANCES
SHELF POSITIONING
80" (2032 mm)
B
C
50" (1270 mm)
6" (152 mm)
52" (1321 mm)
8" (203 mm)
54" (1372 mm)
10" (254 mm)
56" (1422 mm)
12" (305 mm)
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
51
7 Clearances to Combustible Material
The clearances shown in this section have been determined by test according to
procedures set out in safety standards ULC S610 (Canada) and UL127 (U.S.A.). When the
fireplace is installed so that its surfaces are at or beyond the minimum clearances
specified, combustible surfaces will not overheat under normal and even abnormal
operating conditions.
No part of the fireplace may be located closer to combustibles than the minimum
clearance figures given.
The following clearances meet the minimum requirements for a safe installation.
Side wall: 17" (43 cm) measured from the inside door frame.
Side mantle: 3" minimum
Wall in front of fireplace: 48"
Ceiling: 80 in. (2.03 m) measured from the base of the fireplace.
Fireplace enclosure:
Back wall: 0"
Sides: 0"
Floor (under the fireplace): 0"
Chimney: 2" (50 mm)
Combustible shelf:
50" (127 cm) measured from the base of the fireplace for a shelf with a depth of 6"
(15 cm) or less.
56" (142 cm) measured from the base of the fireplace for a shelf with a depth of more
than 12" (30 cm).
7.1 Locating the Certification Label
Since the information given on the certification label attached to the appliance always
overrides the information published in any other media (owner’s manual, catalogues,
flyers, magazines and/or web sites), it is important to refer to it in order to have a safe and
compliant installation. In addition, you will find information about your fireplace (model,
serial number, etc.). You can find the certification label under the fireplace, behind the
bottom louver.
52 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
8 The Venting System
8.1 General
The venting system, acts as the engine that drives your wood heating system. Even the
best fireplace will not function safely and efficiently as intended if it is not connected to a
suitable chimney.
The heat in the flue gases that pass from the fireplace into the chimney is not waste heat.
This heat is what the chimney uses to make the draft that draws in combustion air, keeps
smoke inside the fireplace and safely vents exhaust to outside. You can think of heat in
the flue gas as the fuel the chimney uses to make draft.
8.2 Suitable Chimneys
Your wood fireplace will provide optimum efficiency and performance when connected to a
6-inch diameter chimney.
8.3 Minimum Chimney
Height
The top of the chimney should be
tall enough to be above the air
turbulence caused when wind
blows against the house and its
roof. The chimney must extend at
least 1 m (3 ft.) above the highest
point of contact with the roof, and
at least 60 cm (2 ft.) higher than
any roof line or obstacle within a
horizontal distance of 3 m (10 ft.).
8.4 The Relationship Between the Chimney and the House
Because the venting system is the engine that drives the wood heating system, it must
have the right characteristics. The signs of bad system design are cold backdrafting when
there is no fire in the fireplace, slow kindling of new fires, and smoke roll-out when the door
is opened for loading.
8.4.1 Why the chimney should penetrate the highest heated space
When it is cold outside, the warm air in the house is buoyant so it tends to rise. This
tendency of warm air to rise creates a slight pressure difference in the house. Called ‘stack
effect’, it produces a slightly negative pressure low in the house (relative to outside) and a
slightly positive pressure zone high in the house. If there is no fire burning in a heater
connected to a chimney that is shorter than the warm space inside the house, the slight
negative pressure low in the house will compete against the desired upward flow in the
chimney.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
53
There are two reasons why the
chimney in the house at right will cold
backdraft when it is cold outside and
there is no fire burning in the fireplace.
First, the chimney runs up the outside
of the house, so the air in it is colder
and denser than the warm air in the
house. And second, the chimney is
shorter than the heated space of the
house, meaning the negative pressure
low in the house will pull outside air
down the chimney, through the
fireplace and into the room. Even the
finest fireplace will not work well when
connected to this chimney.
8.5 Chimney Installation Notes
1. If possible, install an interior chimney as it will provide better performance. In areas with
continuous temperatures below 18 C (0 F), the use of an exterior chimney increases
the likelihood of operating problems such as low draft, high rate of creosoting, and poor
start-up characteristics. Exterior chimneys are also prone to down-drafting and flow
reversal. Installations, which are located on lower floors in the house, such as in a
basement, in combination with outside chimney, are especially prone to flow reversal.
2. The SOLUTION 2.5-ZC is listed only with chimney systems described in TABLE 2 LISTED CHIMNEYS FOR YOUR SOLUTION 2.5-ZC.
3. A chimney venting a fireplace shall not vent any other appliance.
4. The minimum chimney system height for a straight installation is 15 ft. (4,6 m).
5. All chimney installations must include at least one support. Reducing the amount of
chimney weight on the fireplace will help avoid the noise created when the fireplace
expands. This can be achieved by having the chimney supported by the supports. The
maximum chimney length that should be supported by the fireplace is 9 ft. (2.75 m) for
2" Solid Pack Chimney and 12 ft. (3.7 m) for 1" Solid Pack Chimney.
6. The chimney must extend at least 3 ft. (92 cm) above its point of contact with the roof
and at least 2 ft. (61 cm) higher than any wall, roof or building within 10 ft. (3.1 m) of it.
See the figures on point 11 bellow to determine the configuration that applies to your
roof (flat or sloped roof and the distance between the chimney and the highest point of
the roof and/or the nearest chimney).
7. Deviations should be avoided whenever possible, especially the most pronounced.
Each deviation adds some restriction to the chimney system and may lead to draft
problems.
54 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
8. If the chimney extends higher than 5 ft. (1.5 m) above its point of contact with the roof,
it must be secured using a roof brace.
9. A rain cap must be installed on top of the chimney. Failure to install a rain cap may
cause corrosion problems.
10. Cut and frame square holes in all floors, ceilings, and roof that the chimney will go
through to provide a 2" (50 mm) minimum clearance between the chimney and any
combustible materials. Do not fill this 2 space with insulation or any other combustible
material.
11. Portions of the chimney which may extend through accessible spaces must be
enclosed to avoid contact with combustible materials or damage the chimney.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
55
12. For installations where more than one chimney is located in the same non-chase or
within the same area, we suggest that their terminations be separated by at least 16"
(410 mm) horizontally, and 18" (460 mm) vertically. This separation is to prevent
smoke migrating from one chimney to another.
18"
457.2mm
18"
457.2mm
18"
457.21mm
16"
406.4mm
16"
406.4mm
56 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
8.6 Chimney Installation Instructions
Always refer to the chimney manufacturer’s Installation manual to ensure a safe
installation. Some non-illustrated parts may be required.
8.6.1 Examples of Typical Chimney Installation
A
To insure a good draft, it is
recommended to have a length of 18
inches from the top of the unit to the
first offset. However, starting using a
30° or 45° elbow is also approved.
B
Mandatory measure of 15 ft. from
the bottom of the fireplace to the top
of the outside chimney.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
57
Direct installation
58 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Exterior offset installation
Interior offset installation
Connection to a masonry chimney
1. Cut and frame the holes in the ceiling, floor and roof where the chimney will pass. Use
a plumb bob to line up the center of the holes. Make sure that the size of the floor and
ceiling holes are in accordance with the chimney manufacturer’s instructions.
2. From below, install a firestop (B) supplied by the chimney manufacturer in each
ceiling/floor separation through which the chimney will pass. At the attic level, install a
radiation shield from above (D). You must build framing to support the radiation shields
as per (C).
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
59
3. Follow the chimney’s manufacturers’ instructions and place the first chimney length on
the fireplace. For all chimneys, you must use an anchor plate (A) supplied by the
chimney manufacturer before installing the first chimney length. Continue installing
chimney lengths making sure to lock each length in place.
4. Every time the chimney passes through a ceiling or a wall, install the appropriate
firestop. When you reach the desired height, install the roof support (not illustrated).
(Refer to instructions included with the support).
5. Then, put the roof flashing (E) in place and seal the joint between the roof and the
flashing with roofing pitch. For sloping roofs, place the flashing under the upper
shingles and on top of the lower shingles. Nail the flashing to the roof, using roofing
nails.
6. Place the storm collar (F) over the flashing, and tighten it with the bolt supplied. Finally,
seal the joint between the storm collar and the chimney, using silicone caulking.
7. Install the chimney cap (G).
8. When a ventilated roof flashing is installed, precautions are to be taken not to caulk or
seal the ventilating openings.
60 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
** THE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF THE FLOOR, WALL, AND CEILING/ROOF
MUST BE MAINTAINED
NOTE: THE FLOOR AND WALLS BELOW THE ATTIC MUST BE INSULATED USING
THE SAME INSULATION..
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
61
8.6.2 Offset Chimney Installation
Table 1 - The minimum system height when using elbows is:
Fireplace model
SOLUTION 2.5-ZC
Chimney model
All models
Vertical installation
15 ft. (4.6 m)
Two (2) elbows
15 ft. (4.6 m)
Four (4) elbows
17 ft. (5.2 m)
After reaching the location requiring the elbow, proceed as follows:
1. Install the first elbow; turn it in the required direction. Secure it to the chimney
according to the chimney manufacturer’s instructions.
In many cases, it is
recommended to secure connections with three (3) ½" (12 mm) metal screws.
2. Install the necessary chimney lengths to achieve the required offset. Lock the chimney
lengths together according to the chimney manufacturer’s instructions. In many cases,
it is recommended to use three (3) ½" (12 mm) screws. If the offset length is made of
two (2) chimney lengths or more, many chimney manufacturers may require that you
use an offset or roof support halfway up the offset. If penetrating a wall, install a wall
radiation shield supplied by the chimney manufacturer.
3. Use another elbow to turn the chimney vertically. Secure the elbow.
4. Use a plumb bob to line up the centre of the hole. Cut a hole for the chimney in the
ceiling/floor. Frame this hole as described previously.
5. From below, install a firestop supplied by the chimney manufacturer (see preceding
figure).
6. A support must be used on the first 15' section (4.6 m).
7. Continue with the regular installation.
62 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
TABLE 2 - LISTED CHIMNEYS FOR YOUR SOLUTION 2.5-ZC
CHIMNEY
MANUFACTURER
BRAND
TYPE
INNER DIAMETER
Selkirk
Ultra-Temp (UT)
1” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
Selkirk
Super Pro (SPR)
1” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
Selkirk
Super Vent (JSC)
1” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
Selkirk
Hart & Cooley (TLC) 1” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
Selkirk
Sure-Temp (ST)
1” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
Selkirk
CF Sentinel (CF)
2” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
2” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
2” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
6" (15 cm)
Selkirk
Selkirk
Super Pro 2100
(ALT)
Super Vent 2100
(JM)
Selkirk
UltimateOne
1” Solid Pack
Security Chimney
ASHT+
1” Solid Pack
Security Chimney
S-2100 +
2” Solid Pack
Dura Tech
1” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
Dura Plus HTC
2” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
Dura Plus
AC Triple Wall
6" (15 cm)
ICC
Excel 2100
1” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
Metal Fab
Temp Guard
1” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
American Metal
HSS
AC Triple Wall
6" (15 cm)
American Metal
HS
AC Triple Wall
6" (15 cm)
Olympia Chimney
Ventis
1” Solid Pack
6" (15 cm)
FMI (U.S.A. only)
AC
AC Triple Wall
6" (15 cm)
Simpson Dura
Vent
Simpson Dura
Vent
Simpson Dura
Vent
6" or 7" (15 or 18
cm)*
6" or 7" (15 or 18
cm)*
WARNING: IN EVERY CASE, THE CHIMNEY MUST START WITH A 6'' DIAMETER
ANCHOR PLATE SECURED TO THE FIREPLACE.
*This fireplace may be installed with a 7-inch chimney from “Security Chimney” as
indicated it the table above.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
63
Refer to the following table to determine the parts you will need depending on the type of
fireplace used: (R: Required, NR: Not Required).
Reference
in figure
bellow.
Parts required. (The numbers
in brackets are the parts
numbers used by Security
Chimneys)
A
Anchor Plate (6SP)
A
Anchor Plate (6XSP)
B
Screws
C
D
Inner diameter 6″
Inner diameter 7″
1″
2″
1″
2″
insulation insulation insulation insulation
(ASHT+) (S2100+) (ASHT+) (S2100+)
R
NR
R
R
NR
R
NR
NR
R
R
R
R
6″ à 7″ Chimney adaptor
(6AW7)
NR
NR
R
R
7″Chimney adaptor, 1″
insulation to 2″ insulation
(7UCA)
NR
NR
NR
R
64 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
TABLE 3 – LIST OF MANDATORY COMPONENTS
CHIMNEY
MANUFACTURER
Selkirk
MANDATORY COMPONENTS


Ventilated roof flashing.
Must have rafter protectors at the
roof level if the chimney is
enclosed at the attic level.

Rafter protector at the roof level if
chimney is enclosed at the attic
level.
Requires insulated attic radiation
shield
unless
chimney
is
enclosed at the attic level.
1" Solid Pack: ASHT+,
Requires the use of a 6AW7 2" Solid Pack : S-2100
(Solid pack 1") adapter for a
ASHT+ of 7".
Requires the use of a 6AW7 and
a 7UCA adapter for the S-2100 of
7".

Security Chimney
TYPE/BRAND


Ultra-Temp (UT), Super
Pro (SPR), Super vent
(JSC), Hart & Cooley
(TLC), Sure-Temp (ST)
Simpson Dura-Vent


Ventilated roof flashing.
Rafter protector at the roof level 1" Solid Pack : Dura Tech
is chimney is enclosed at the attic
level.
ICC


Ventilated roof flashing.
Rafter protector at the roof level if Excel 2100
chimney is enclosed at the attic
level.

Triple
wall
Chimney cannot be enclosed at AC
AC Triple wall HSS
the attic level.
American Metal
*You can get a kit of four (4) rafter protector (AC03510) from your dealer. Each rafter is made of 22GA galvanized steel (10.44”W x 5.126”H). HS,
1.530”
10.44”
5.126”
.512”
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
65
8.7 Angled Wall Radiation Shield
When passing through a combustible wall with the chimney at a 30 or 45 angle (30 or
45 in Canada and 30 only in the USA), an angled firestop or wall radiation shield
provided by the chimney manufacturer must be installed. Only one is required. Follow the
chimney manufacturer’s installation instructions.
In cold climate locations, it is recommended that you use the insulated wall radiation shield
since it will maintain the home’s thermal barrier.
A
INSULATED WALL RADIATION SHIELD
B
GYPROK
C
INSULATED WALL
8.8 Chimney Support Installation
8.8.1 Universal Roof Support
This support has three possible uses:
1. It must be used on a roof to support the chimney.
2. It may be used on a floor, ceiling or roof above an offset to support the chimney above
the offset.
3. It may be used on a floor, ceiling or roof as a supplementary support.
66 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
For roof support installation, refer to the instructions provided with the support by the
chimney manufacturer. Many manufacturers will provide the maximum height of chimney
that can be supported by the support. Make sure you respect those parameters.
8.8.2 Universal Offset Support
This support is used to support the chimney above an offset. When the chimney offset is
used to pass through a wall, this support may be used on the wall to support the chimney.
For offset support installation, refer to the instructions provided with the support by the
chimney manufacturer. Many manufacturers will provide the maximum height of chimney
that can be supported by the support. Make sure you respect those parameters.
8.9 Installation Instructions for Masonry Application
WARNING: BEFORE STARTING THE INSTALLATION, THE MASONRY CHIMNEY
MUST BE INSPECTED BY A QUALIFIED SWEEP.
The following requirements must be respected:
1. The chimney must be absolutely clear of any soot residue or creosote. Check for
cracks, loose or missing bricks that could inhibit correct installation of the liner.
2. The clearance to combustible must be a minimum of 1" between the outside of the
masonry and any wood framing or loose insulation.
3. The chimney must be built in accordance with the current building code.
4. No other appliance can be connected to the same chimney.
Installation:
The chimney must be relined with a stainless steel liner of the same diameter as the
outlet of the fireplace. For connection at 30° or 45° angle, a special connector (B)
must be used to connect the liner (C) to the insulated chimney (A). Verify availability
and installation instructions for this connector with the chimney manufacturer.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
67
Follow these steps:
1. Position the fireplace in its location.
Temporarily install the elbow or
chimney section (A) on the top of
the fireplace and, using a level,
mark with an oval the location
where the flue liner will enter the
masonry chimney.
2. In the middle of the oval, drill a
hole in the masonry chimney at 45
or 30.
3. Increase the size of the hole until a
45 or 30 insulated liner adapter
(B) can be easily slipped through.
4. Slide the liner (C) down from the
top of the masonry chimney until
you reach the hole level.
5. Slip through the hole a 45 or 30
insulated liner adapter and connect
it to the liner.
6. Seal the opening around the liner
with high temperature refractory
cement.
7. Then,
follow
the
chimney
manufacturer’s
instructions
to
connect the extended liner section
to the special chimney connector.
Note: Make sure the liner exceeds at least 12” (30 cm) the top of masonry chimney.
8.10 Supply of Combustion Air
In Canada, wood fireplaces are not required to have a supply of combustion air from
outdoors because research has shown that these supplies do not give protection against
house depressurization and may fail to supply combustion air during windy weather.
However, to protect against the risk of smoke spillage due to house depressurization, a
carbon monoxide (CO) detector/alarm is required in the room in which the fireplace is
installed. The CO detector will provide warning if for any reason the wood fireplace fails to
function correctly.
68 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
8.10.1 Air Supply in Conventional Houses
The safest and most reliable supply of combustion air for your wood fireplace is from the
room in which it is installed. Room air is already preheated so it will not chill the fire, and its
availability is not affected by wind pressures on the house. Contrary to commonly
expressed concerns, almost all tightly-sealed new houses have enough natural leakage to
provide the small amount of air needed by the fireplace. The only case in which the wood
fireplace may not have adequate access to combustion air is if the operation of a powerful
exhaust device (such as a kitchen range exhaust) causes the pressure in the house to
become negative relative to outdoors.
If you do install an air supply through the wall of the house, be aware that its pressure can
be affected during windy weather. If you notice changes in wood fireplace performance in
windy weather, and in particular if smoke puffs from the fireplace, you should disconnect
the outdoor air duct from the fireplace and remove the duct. In some windy conditions,
negative pressure at the duct weatherhood outside the house wall may draw hot exhaust
gases from the fireplace backwards through the duct to outdoors. Check the outdoor air
duct for soot deposits when the full system is cleaned and inspected at least once each
year.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
69
Appendix 1: Hot Air Ducting Installation
Different hot air ducting systems can be installed with the SOLUTION 2.5-ZC:
Gravity kit
Forced air kit
Gravity Kit (AC01309)
The kit includes:
 2 x hot air outlets (grilles and frames);
 2 x 90o elbows with brackets;
 1 block-off plate.
The gravity kit allows you to block the upper fireplace louver. To do so, follow the steps
below:
a) Remove the upper louver from the fireplace;
b) Install the deflector as shown on figure on the left;
c) Put the upper louver back into place.
The safety rules for hot air ducting gravity kit installations are the following:
Minimum height*
68" (1.7 m)
Maximum length
10' (3m) (see figure 22)
*The minimum height of the hot air ducting must be measured from the floor to the top of
the hot air grilles.
70 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
The hot air grilles can be installed in the same room as the fireplace, or one or both of the
grilles can be installed in adjacent or upper rooms. Installing the ducts at different
elevations will tend to exhaust more heat out of the higher grilles.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
71
The duct system must be installed respecting the following:
1. Remove the plates closing up the 8" dia. holes on top of the fireplace. Then, cut the
insulation in order to obtain two 8" dia. openings. Insert the ducting into each opening
and fix it in place using the 6 steel brackets supplied (3 for each duct).
2. Maintain at least a 2" (50 mm) clearance between the ducts and the firestop; the
required hole size for the hot air grilles (outlet) is 8¼" × 8¼" (210 mm × 210 mm).
3. The maximum number of elbows in a run of duct is two.
4. Maintain at least 10" (254 mm) clearance from the outlet grille framing to a combustible
ceiling, side wall or mantel.
5. When passing through a combustible wall or floor, a firestop must be installed at the
wall or floor penetration. The hole size must be in accordance with the duct
manufacturer’s instructions.
6. Do not connect the hot air ducts to a central heating system. Malfunction of the heating
system’s fan will cause the fireplace to overheat.
7. Do not use insulated flexible ducts as they may overheat.
8. Do not use tees or any other components than the ones specifically listed here.
9. All ducts must extend upwards or horizontally. Never route the ducting downwards.
10. The hot air outlet grilles must be installed with the louvers pointing downwards in order
to prevent overheating adjacent ceilings.
11. Always install the two outlet grilles when using the hot air outlet kit and blocking the
upper louver of the fireplace.
72 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Central Forced Air Kit (not tested to EPA Standards) (AC01340)
The knock-outs provided on the back and on the sides of the SOLUTION 2.5-ZC allow the
connection of insulated flexible pipe which enables you to heat adjacent rooms up to 50
feet from the fireplace. This HVAC type pipe must comply with ULC S110 and/or UL 181,
Class 0 or Class 1 Standards and must withstand temperatures up to 250 °F.
For the complete installation procedure, see the installation manual provided with the kit.
You can also download this manual at www.enerzone-intl.com.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
73
Appendix 2: Blower Maintenance or Replacement
1. Remove the bottom louver
(A).
2. With a short square head
screwdriver, remove the 4
screws (C) holding in place
the heat shield (B).
74 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
3. Remove and keep the heat
shield (B) and the 4
screws (C).
4. Cut the Tie wrap (D)
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
75
5. Unplug
the
blower’s
electric wires (F) and (G).
6. Lift the blower (E) located
under the firebox towards
the back.
7. Turn 90° to pull out.
Repeat the steps in reverse
order to reinstall the fan.
76 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Blower connection
Have the wiring installed by a qualified electrician. Connect the wires from the power outlet
to the terminal block, making sure that the white wire matches the white wire on the
terminal. Connect the black wire with the black wire of the terminal block. The ground
(green or skinned wire) must be attached to the fireplace metal frame.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
77
Appendix 3: Installing the Door Overlay
In order to complete the assembly of your Solution 2.5-ZC wood fireplace, you need to
install the door overlay. See figure below for installation instructions:
Position the overlays (A)
and (B) on the door
frames and secure them
from the inside of the
doors using the 8 included
screws (B).
To
facilitate
the
installation, do not tighten
the screws until they are
all installed.
Note: It is not necessary
to remove the glass or any
other component to install
the overlay.
78 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix 4: Installing the Adapter for Fresh Air Kit (AC03500)
During operation, the fireplace requires fresh air for combustion and draws air out of the
house. It may starve other fuel burning appliances such as gas or oil furnaces. As well,
exhaust fans may compete for air, causing negative pressure in the house, resulting in
smoke entering the house from the fireplace. This situation is aggravated in modern
airtight houses. To overcome this problem, we strongly recommend that you bring fresh air
to the fireplace. Check with local authorities having jurisdiction in your area, it may
be mandatory.
If more fresh air is needed (airtight house or conduit exceeding 10 ft or 3 m), two intakes
may be installed, providing twice the quantity of incoming fresh air; you may also increase
both conduits to 4 inches, with the use of a 3 to 4 inch adaptor, again increasing
substantially the quantity of incoming fresh air.
THE INSULATED FLEXIBLE PIPE LENGTH SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT AND HAVE A
CONFIGURATION TO AVOID CONDENSATION.
THE OUTSIDE WALL TERMINATION MUST NOT BE INSTALLED AT MORE THAN
50% OF THE TOTAL HIGHT OF THE CHIMNEY AND AT THE MOST 10 FT. (3 M)
ABOVE THE BASE OF THE FIREPLACE.
THE FRESH AIR MUST COME FROM OUTSIDE THE HOUSE. THE AIR INTAKE MUST
NOT DRAW AIR FROM THE ATTIC, FROM THE BASEMENT, OR FROM A GARAGE.
THE OUTSIDE WALL TERMINATION SHOULD BE INSTALLED WHERE IT IS NOT
LIKELY TO BE BLOCKED BY SNOW OR EXPOSED TO EXTREME WIND AND AWAY
FROM AUTOMOBILE EXHAUST FUMES, GAS METER AND OTHER VENTS.
Your fireplace contains the following components:
a. One (1) 3" adaptor;
b. One (1) air inlet block-off plate;
c. Six (6) screws;
d. One (1) 3” to 4” adaptor;
e. The outside air inlet cap;
f. The 2 adjustable straps.
The following component is not included:
a. A 3” or 4” insulated flexible pipe (This HVAC type pipe must comply to ULC S110
and/or UL 181, Class 0 or Class 1 Standards and must withstand temperatures up
to 250 °F.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
79
Note: Only remove the knock-out that will be connected to the fresh air inlet.
To install a fresh air intake to the fireplace, the purchase of accessory AC03500 adapter is
required (sold separately).
The fresh air intake kit may be installed on three different places on the fireplace.
1- On the right side of the appliance (most common).
2- On the right side, at the back of the appliance.
3- On the right side under the appliance.
(1) Using a Philips screwdriver,
remove the four screws
holding the rectangular plate
(A) on the right of the
fireplace jacket. If the location
2 or 3 has been chosen, use
pliers to remove the knockout.
(2) Secure the fresh air intake kit
adapter (B) on the fireplace
jacket using the 4 screws
provided with the kit.
80 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Remove the fireplace’s lower
decorative louver. Install the
blocking plate (F) included in the
kit, on the front opening of the air
control
housing.
Using
a
screwdriver, secure with two
screws.
Then, install the flexible pipe* (D)
(not supplied) to the fresh air
intake adapter (B) using one of
the adjustable pipe clamps (C).
Secure the other end of the pipe
to the outside wall termination (E)
using the second adjustable pipe
clamp (C). The outside wall
termination (E) must be installed
outside of the building.
*Use the length required for your
installation while respecting the
maximum length of 30 ft (9 m).
To avoid condensation, it is
recommended
to
use
an
insulated pipe long enough and
containing a "P-Trap" loop. This
configuration can be found inside
the chase, but must at all times
maintain
clearances
to
combustibles.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
81
To complete the installation, make a hole of1/4" to 1/2" (6 mm à 13 mm) bigger than the
insulate pipe diameter in the outside wall of the house at the chosen location. From
outside, place the outside air inlet cap in the hole (open side down) and fasten the register
to the wall, with screws as shown bellow. Place the insulated pipe over the register tube
and over the fireplace outside air connector. At each end, carefully pull back the insulation
and plastic cover, exposing the flexible pipe. Attach the flexible pipe using pipe clamps.
For a better seal, you may also use aluminum tape. Wrap the tape around the joint
between the flexible pipe and the air inlets. Carefully push the insulation and plastic cover
back over the pipe. Fix the plastic in place using aluminum tape.
82 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix 5: Installing the Fire Screen (AC01308)
Open the doors.
Hold the fire screen by the two
handles and bring it close to the
door opening.
Lean the upper part of the fire
screen against the top door
opening making sure to insert the
top fire screen bracket behind the
primary air deflector as in (DETAIL
A).
Lift the fire screen upwards and
push the bottom part towards the
stove then let the fire screen rest
on the bottom of the door opening.
Warning: Never leave the stove unattended while in use with the fire screen.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
83
Appendix 6: Installation of Secondary Air Tubes and Baffle
REMOVABLE PARTS
A
Cotter pins
(x4)
B
Air tubes
(x4)
C
C-cast baffle
(x1)
D
Baffle insulation
(x1)
E
Baffle insulation
weight
(x1)
1. Starting with the rear tube,
lean and insert the right
end of the secondary air
tube into the rear right
channel hole. Then, lift
and push the tube towards
the right inside the hole in
the right channel.
84 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
2. Align the notch in the left
end of the tube with the
tab of the left air channel
hole.
3. Insert a cotter pin in the
last hole on the right side
of the tube. Then bend the
tabs on the pin to keep in
place.
4. Repeat steps 1, 2 and 3
for the two tubes in the
back then install the baffle.
Then, install the two front
tubes.
5. To remove the tubes use
the above steps in reverse
order.
Note that secondary air tubes can be replaced without removing the baffle board.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
85
Important Notes:
The air tubes are identified for placement as follows:
Model
Type of tube
SOLUTION 2.5-ZC fireplace
Front ► 95 holes of 0.141"
Middle front ► 67 holes of 0.125’’
Middle rear ► 67 holes of 0.109’’
Rear ► 67 holes of 0.101’’
86 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix 7: Exploded Diagram and Parts List
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
87
IMPORTANT: THIS IS DATED INFORMATION. When requesting service or replacement
parts for your stove, please provide the model number and the serial number. We reserve
the right to change parts due to technology upgrade or availability. Contact an authorized
dealer to obtain any of these parts. Never use substitute materials. Use of non-approved
parts can result in poor performance and safety hazards.
#
Item
Description
Qty
1
AC01302
BRUSHED NICKEL CAST IRON DOOR OVERLAY
1
1
AC01301
GOLD PLATED CAST IRON DOOR OVERLAY
1
1
AC01300
BLACK CAST IRON DOOR OVERLAY
1
2
30123
SCREW #8 - 32 X 5/8'' PAN QUADREX ZINC
8
3
AC01308
FIRE SCREEN
1
4
SE24157
REMPLACEMENT LEFT DOOR 2.5 Z.C. ENERZONE
1
5
AC06200
BLACK GASKET AND SILICONE KIT 1/4'' X 1/2'' X11'
1
6
AC09193
LH SIDE BENT HANDLE REPLACEMENT KIT
1
7
30039
NUT 1/2-20
1
8
SE24156
REMPLACEMENT RIGHT DOOR 2.5 Z.C. ENERZONE
1
9
30101
SPRING TENSION PIN 5/32" DIA X 1 1/2" LONG
1
10
AC09162
RIGHT HAND SIDE REPLACEMENT HANDLE AND LATCH KIT
1
11
30569
ROUND WOODEN HANDLE BLACK
2
12
AC09163
RIGHT HAND SIDE REPLACEMENT LATCH KIT
1
13
SE53076
REMPLACEMENT GLASS WITH GASKET 12" X 12 7/8" X 13 5/8"
2
14
AC06400
BLACK SELF-ADHESIVE GLASS GASKET KIT (6')
1
15
PL53088
GLASS RETAINER FRAME
2
16
PL53089
GLASS RETAINER FRAME
2
17
SE53585
GLASS RETAINER KIT WITH SCREWS (10 PER KIT)
1
18
30060
THREAD-CUTTING SCREW 1/4-20 x 1/2" F HEX STEEL SLOT WASHER C102 ZINC
1
19
30185
17/64" "AA" TYPE WASHER
1
20
30187
ZINC WASHER ID 17/64" x OD 1/2"
1
21
30556
AIR CONTROL FINISHING TIP
1
22
PL63866
AIR CONTROL MECHANISM
1
23
AC01307
UPPER BRUSHED NICKEL TRIM KIT
2
23
AC01306
GOLD PLATED TRIM KIT
2
23
AC01305
BLACK TRIM KIT
2
24
SE24150
BOTTOM GRILLE ASSY.
1
25
AC01304
RUSTIC STYLE CAST IRON GRILL
1
26
AC01309
HOT AIR GRAVITY KIT
1
27
49066
90 DEGREE X 8" 26Ga. GALVANISED ELBOW
2
28
30640
GAKLVANISED BOX FOR AIR GRAVITY KIT 8"
2
29
30540
GRAVITY AIR KIT GRILL
2
30
PL53064
TOP SPACER
2
31
PL53139
FACEPLATE TOP
1
88 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
#
Item
Description
Qty
32
30579
ADJUSTABLE HINGE PIN 3/8'' - 5/16'' DIA X 1 63/64'' LONG
4
33
30117
SOCKET SET SCREW #10-32 X 1/4"
4
34
PL53141
RH SIDE OF FACEPLATE
1
35
99999
BUILD TO ORDER
1
36
PL53150
LH SIDE OF FACEPLATE
1
37
60201
CONNECTOR 1 SCREW 3/8" FOR BX WIRE
1
38
44046
THERMODISC F110-20F
1
39
99999
BUILD TO ORDER
1
40
44084
RHEOSTAT WITH NUT
1
41
44087
RHEOSTAT NUT
1
42
44085
RHEOSTAT KNOB
1
43
44091
ROCKER SWITCH 2 POSITION MSR-8
1
44
44122
DOUBLE CAGE BLOWER 150 CFM
1
45
SE45181
OWNER MANUEL ENERZONE 2.5 Z.C.
1
46
AC05959
METALLIC BLACK STOVE PAINT-342G AEROSOL
1
47
AC01340
FORCED AIR KIT
1
48
44125
FORCED AIR KIT PC CARD
1
49
44142
BLOWER 6'' 300 CFM
1
50
PL53066
SIDE SPACER
2
51
PL53065
REAR SPACER
2
52
29020
4 1/2'' X 9'' X 1 1/4'' REFRACTORY BRICK HD
12
53
21147
FRONT FLOOR REFRACTORY 5 1/2'' X 1 1/4'' X 1 1/4''
1
54
22122
LEFT FLOOR REFRACTORY SLAB
1
55
22123
RIGHT FLOOR REFRACTORY SLAB
1
56
PL53144
LOG HOLDER
1
57
30506
SCREW PAN TORX TYPE F 1/4-20 X 1" BLACK
2
58
PL53132
FRONT SECONDARY AIR TUBE
1
59
PL53133
FRONT CENTER SECONDARY AIR TUBE
1
60
PL53134
REAR CENTER SECONDARY AIR TUBE
1
61
PL53135
REAR SECONDARY AIR TUBE
1
62
30068
STAINLESS STEEL COTTER PIN 1/8" X 1 1/2"
4
63
30026
THREAD CUTTING SCREW 10-24 F 5/8" HEX WASHER HEAD
5
64
PL53041
REAR REINFORCEMENT
1
65
21296
C-CAST BAFFLE 24 3/16" x 20 5/8" x 14 3/4" x 1 1/4"
1
66
21148
BAFFLE INSULATION 24 3/16" x 20 5/8" x 14 3/4" x 1"
1
67
PL34026
BAFFLE INSULATION WEIGHT
1
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
89
Refractory Replacement
The intense heat of the fire will normally cause hairline cracks in the refractory. These
cracks can be minimized by proper curing as described in “First Fires”. They will not
normally diminish the effectiveness of the refractory. If large cracks develop, then the
refractory should be replaced. To replace the refractory bricks, follow these steps:
1. Remove all bricks (A) surrounding
the combustion chamber.
2. Remove brick (D) and the andiron
(C) held in place by the two torx
screws (B). Use a ratchet with a T30 torx socket.
90 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
3. Remove the floor bricks (E) & (F).
To install the new bricks, follow the
above steps in reverse.
Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual
91
ENERZONE LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY
The warranty of the manufacturer extends only to the original consumer purchaser and is not transferable.
This warranty covers brand new products only, which have not been altered, modified nor repaired since
shipment from factory. Products covered under this warranty must have been manufactured after the
revision date indicated below. Proof of purchase (dated bill of sale), model name and serial number must be
supplied when making any warranty claim to your ENERZONE dealer.
This warranty applies to normal residential use only. Damages caused by misuse, abuse, improper
installation, lack of maintenance, over firing, negligence or accident during transportation, power
failures, downdrafts, or venting problems are not covered by this warranty.
This warranty does not cover any scratch, corrosion, distortion, or discoloration. Any defect or damage
caused by the use of unauthorized parts or others than original parts void this warranty. An authorized
qualified technician must perform the installation in accordance with the instructions supplied with this
product and all local and national building codes. Any service call related to an improper installation is not
covered by this warranty.
The manufacturer may require that defective products be returned or that digital pictures be provided to
support the claim. Returned products are to be shipped prepaid to the manufacturer for investigation. If a
product is found to be defective, the manufacturer will repair or replace such defect. Transportation fees to
ship the product back to the purchaser will be paid by the manufacturer. Repair work covered by the
warranty, executed at the purchaser’s domicile by an authorized qualified technician requires the prior
approval of the manufacturer. Labour cost and repair work to the account of the manufacturer are based on
predetermined rate schedule and must not exceed the wholesale price of the replacement part. All parts and
labour costs covered by this warranty are limited according to the table below.
The manufacturer at its discretion may decide to repair or replace any part or unit after inspection and
investigation of the defect. The manufacturer may, at its discretion, fully discharge all obligations with respect
to this warranty by refunding the wholesale price of any warranted but defective parts. The manufacturer
shall in no event be responsible for any special, indirect, consequential damages of any nature, which are in
excess of the original purchase price of the product. A one-time replacement limit applies to all parts
benefiting from a lifetime coverage. This warranty applies to products purchased after October 1st, 2011.
WARRANTY APPLICATION
DESCRIPTION
PARTS
LABOUR
Combustion chamber (welds only), castings, convector air-mate, ceramic
glass (thermal breakage only*), and secondary air tubes*.
Lifetime
4 years
Plating* (defective manufacture) – subject to limitations above.
Lifetime
n/a
Stainless steel firebox components, surrounds and heat shields, ash
drawer, steel legs, pedestal, trims (aluminum extrusions), C-Cast baffle*,
and vermiculite baffle*.
5 years
3 years
Carbon steel firebox components, glass retainers, and handle assembly.
3 years
2 years
Blowers, heat sensors, switches, rheostat, wiring, and other controls.
2 years
1 year
Paint (peeling), gaskets, insulation, firebrick, and ceramic fibre blankets.
1 year
n/a
*Pictures required
Shall your unit or a components be defective, contact immediately your ENERZONE dealer. Prior to your call
make sure you have the following information necessary to your warranty claim treatment:

Your name, address and telephone number; 

Bill of sale and dealer’s name;

Serial number and model name as indicated on
the nameplate fixed to the back of your unit;
Nature of the defect and any relevant information.
Before shipping your unit or defective component to our plant, you must obtain from your
ENERZONE dealer an Authorization Number. Any merchandise shipped to our plant without
authorization will be refused automatically and returned to sender.
92 Solution 2.5-ZC Fireplace Installation and Operation Manual