Asante FriendlyNET Wireless USB Adapter User`s manual

FriendlyNET Bluetooth
®
Wireless USB Adapter
User’s Manual
Asanté Technologies, Inc.
821 Fox Lane
San Jose, CA 95131
USA
FriendlyNET Bluetooth
Wireless USB Adapter
User’s Manual
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COVER: Asanté FriendlyNET FBT100 USB Adapter
Copyright © 2002 Asanté Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this document, or any associated artwork, product design, or
design concept may be copied or reproduced in whole or in part by any means without the express written consent of Asanté
Technologies, Inc. Asanté and FriendlyNET are registered trademarks and the Asanté logo and FriendlyCare are trademarks of Asanté
Technologies, Inc. All other brand names or product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. All
features and specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 4
Chapter 2. Macintosh OS X Feature Tour.............................................................................................. 6
Chapter 3. Configuring Bluetooth ......................................................................................................... 11
Chapter 4. Bluetooth Neighborhood ..................................................................................................... 21
Chapter 5. Bluetooth Connection Wizard ............................................................................................. 26
Chapter 6. Bluetooth Services.............................................................................................................. 29
Chapter 7. Windows Security ............................................................................................................... 36
Chapter 8. Windows Troubleshooting .................................................................................................. 41
Appendix A. Glossary of Terms............................................................................................................ 43
Appendix B. Learning More About Bluetooth ....................................................................................... 44
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Chapter 1. Introduction
The Asanté FriendlyNET FBT100 USB adapter allows a computer with a USB port to communicate
with other Bluetooth-enabled devices. When used with the included application software, it can
perform wireless network functions including:
•
•
•
•
Information exchange (copying a phone directory to your computer)
File transfer (wirelessly transmitting small files between computers)
Network access (bridge to standard Ethernet network)
Dial-up network (use a mobile phone’s data service to provide a remote dial-up connection)
Look for Bluetooth-enabled devices with the official Bluetooth
logo on mobile phones, portable handheld devices, keyboards,
mice, scanners and more.
As a low-cost, low-power wireless solution, Bluetooth has gained industry-wide support for wireless
connectivity among mobile devices. Apple Computer, Microsoft and Asanté Technologies and other
industry leaders provide support for this technology.
Compared with 802.11 (Apple® Airport, Asanté AeroLAN™), Bluetooth is optimized for:
•
•
•
•
Personal connectivity (one individual with multiple devices)
Mobile devices (battery-powered computers, phones and other handheld devices)
Medium-speed performance of 723 Kbps (0.723 Mbps)
Short-range distance (about 33 feet or 10 meters)
Follow the installation instructions in the accompanying printed Quick Installation Guide. This User’s
Manual provides supplementary information about Bluetooth technology and how it can be used in
popular configurations.
COMPATIBILITY
With the FriendlyNET FBT100 adapter, you can connect to Bluetooth 1.1 devices from your desktop
or portable computer:
•
•
•
•
Apple Macintosh OS X Version 10.2 (“Jaguar”) with native support; no drivers are required.
Use Apple iSync and iCal to synchronize data with a mobile phone, iPod, Palm OS handheld
and other Macs. See Chapter 2 for a tour of features and functions you may use with Mac
OS X.
Legacy support for Microsoft Windows 98SE/Me/2000 and XP. Bluetooth drivers and utilities
(Connection Wizard, My Bluetooth Places) included. See Chapters 3 through 5 for details.
Microsoft Windows XP with native support. See microsoft.com for operating system updates
and instructions on using the software provided by Microsoft.
Other operating systems. At this time, Asanté does not support other operating systems
(including Linux and UNIX). Third-party developers may provide software for the FriendlyNET
FBT100 adapter; look for drivers that support the industry-standard Cambridge Silicon Radio
(CSR) BC212015 BlueCore2 chipset.
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KEY SPECIFICATIONS
The FriendlyNET FBT100 was engineered to meet or exceed these specifications:
Industry Standards
Maximum Throughput
Functional Limits
Security
Chipset
Wireless
Power
Asanté FBT100 User’s Guide
USB 1.1
Fully qualified to Bluetooth 1.1 specification
723 Kbps (asymmetric), 433.9 Kbps (symmetric)
Up to 7 slave piconets
128-bit
2nd Generation Bluetooth silicon with integrated baseband DSP,
radio and on-chip RISC controller. Uses 50% less power and
provides twice the radio range of 1st generation silicon.
Integrated 2 dBm antenna
Digital frequency hopping spread spectrum, GFSK modulation
2.400 - 2.4835 GHz frequency in North America, Europe and
most other countries; 2.4465 - 2.4835 GHz in France.
5 VDC from USB port (38 mA maximum)
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Chapter 2. Macintosh OS X Feature Tour
After installing the FriendlyNET FBT100 adapter in you Mac, OS X will automatically identify and
install the driver. Look in the System Preference screen. In the Hardware section, double-click on
the Bluetooth icon (shown above) to open the Bluetooth dialog box.
The following screen images were taken from Mac OS X Version 10.2. Later versions of OS X will be
similar. Follow the on-screen instructions for configuring and using Bluetooth on the Mac. For your
convenience, key screens are shown here.
SETTINGS
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RECEIVING FILES
SERIAL PORTS
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PAIRED DEVICES
Click on the New… button to add a new pair.
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FILE TRANSFER
Double-click on the Bluetooth File Exchange utility
Choose recipient
MOBILE PHONE SERVICES
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ISYNC
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Chapter 3. Configuring Bluetooth
After installing the Asanté Bluetooth software, plug your FriendlyNET FBT100 adapter into an
available USB port on your PC. Since the adapter draws very little power, you may even connect it to
a bus-powered hub (like the FriendlyNET VU104).
Troubleshooting Tip: If your adapter is not properly plugged into
your PC, you may see the icon with a red X in your system tray
(bottom right corner of your Windows desktop). This indicates that
your local area network connection (Bluetooth) is not connected.
The second icon is a shortcut to the Bluetooth configuration utility.
Note: If you are using the Bluetooth services provided by Microsoft (for Windows XP), the features
described in this chapter do not apply to you. This chapter only describes the Bluetooth utilities
provide by Asanté.
BLUETOOTH CLIENTS AND SERVERS
Most Bluetooth-enabled devices can act as a client, server or both (simultaneously):
• Server: these devices provide one or more services, such as access to the Internet, to other
Bluetooth devices.
• Client: these devices use the service(s) provided by Bluetooth servers.
CONFIGURING BLUETOOTH
Before you can use Bluetooth services, you may want to review
the configuration settings of the adapter. Right click on the
Bluetooth icon in the Windows system tray (bottom right corner
of the desktop) and choose Explore. An Explorer-type window
with My Bluetooth Places will be open.
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From the Bluetooth menu, select Device Configuration…
There are nine tabs:
• General: Identity (computer name and type) and Security mode.
• Accessibility: Allow other Bluetooth devices to discover and connect to this computer.
• Discovery: Discover and report other Bluetooth devices.
• Information Exchange: Settings for file transfer and personal information (business cards,
calendar items, email messages and notes).
• Local Services: Set startup and security settings for services provided by this computer.
• Client Applications: Set properties (authentication, encryption, COM port) for each
application.
• Hardware: Configure the FriendlyNET FBT100 adapter’s transmission power setting.
• Version Info: Revision levels for all the Bluetooth software components.
• Notifications: For each event, display an alert and (optionally) play a sound.
GENERAL TAB
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ACCESSIBILITY
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DISCOVERY
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INFORMATION EXCHANGE
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LOCAL SERVICES
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CLIENT APPLICATIONS
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HARDWARE
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VERSION INFO
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NOTIFICATIONS
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Chapter 4. Bluetooth Neighborhood
With the Asanté Bluetooth software running on your Windows computer, you can:
• Search for Bluetooth devices in the vicinity.
• Discover the services available on the device.
• View the status of the connection.
• View the properties of the service.
The screen images shown in this chapter reflect Windows XP. If you are using another version of
Windows, your screens may be different.
SEARCHING FOR BLUETOOTH DEVICES
To locate Bluetooth-enabled devices in your vicinity (about 10 meters/33 feet or less), use the My
Bluetooth Places utility and:
•
•
Select Search for devices in range from the task panel (Windows XP)
Open the Bluetooth menu and select Search for Devices.
One of the advantages of Bluetooth is the mobility the wireless connections allow. However, mobility
means that devices may move in or out of connection range during the time between the automatic
updates performed by the software. To be certain that the displayed list of devices in the
neighborhood is current, or if automatic periodic inquiry is not enabled, force an update of the device
list using the technique above.
Some devices within connection range may not show up in the list of devices found because:
Your device is configured to report only specific types or classes of devices (Bluetooth Configuration
Panel | Discovery tab, on your device).
The unlisted device is configured to be non-discoverable (Bluetooth Configuration Panel |
Accessibility tab, on the unlisted device).
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FIND A SERVICE
After you have found a Bluetooth device, click on that device name to view all of its services. In the
example below, the Nokia 6130i was discovered with 4 services (COM 1, Dial-up networking, Fax and
Inbox).
The FriendlyNET FBT100 adapter supports these services:
•
•
•
•
Bluetooth Serial Port – establishes a Bluetooth wireless connection between your computer
and another device. This virtual connection may be used by applications as though a physical
serial cable was connected to the device.
Dial-up Networking – allows a Bluetooth client to use a modem that is physically attached to
the Bluetooth server.
Fax – allows a Bluetooth client to wirelessly send a fax using a device that is physically
attached to the Bluetooth server.
File Transfer – establishes a Bluetooth wireless connection that allows your computer to
perform file system operations (browse, drag/drop, open, print, cut/copy, paste, delete,
rename, etc.) on another Bluetooth device.
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•
•
•
Information Exchange – sets up a Bluetooth wireless connection between two devices so
that they can exchange personal information manager data such as electronic business
cards, calendar items, email messages or notes.
Information Synchronization – synchronizes personal information (typically from a mobile
computer or PDA) using a Bluetooth wireless connection.
Network Access – establishes a Bluetooth wireless connection between the client and a
server that is physically connected to the Local Area Network. If the client has permission
(user name and password for the LAN), the wireless connection can be used as if the client
were physically wired to the LAN.
Tip: To manually re-discover services, click Discover services from the Bluetooth Tasks list
(Windows XP) or right-click the device and select Discover Available Services from the pop-up
menu.
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CONNECTION STATUS
To view the status of a connection, click Discover
services from the Bluetooth Tasks list (Windows XP) or
right-click the service and select Status from the pop-up
menu.
The status screen shows:
•
•
•
•
•
Connection status (Not Connected or Connected)
Device Name
Duration (length of time since the connection was first established)
Activity (count of bytes sent and received over the connection)
Signal Strength (varies from Too weak to Too strong)
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Tip: To change the power transmission level of the adapter, bring up the My Bluetooth Places and
click on My Device. From the Bluetooth menu, choose Device Configuration… | Hardware |
Advanced. See Chapter 3 for more details.
SERVICE PROPERTIES
Open the Bluetooth Properties box by:
• Clicking on the Properties button in the Bluetooth Connection Status dialog box.
• Clicking Display service properties from the Bluetooth Tasks list (Windows XP).
• Right-click the service and select Properties from the pop-up menu.
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Chapter 5. Bluetooth Connection Wizard
Asanté’s Bluetooth Connection Wizard simplifies the process for setting up new connections with
another Bluetooth device. After using the wizard, a shortcut is placed in the right panel of My
Bluetooth Places. To use the connection, just double-click the icon.
The screen images shown in this chapter reflect Windows XP. If you are using another version of
Windows, your screens may be different.
STARTING THE CONNECTION WIZARD
To setup a new connection:
1. Right click the Bluetooth icon in the Windows
system tray (bottom right corner of your
desktop).
2. From the pop-up menu, select Services and
then choose Connection Wizard.
3. Follow the on-screen instructions in the
wizard.
On the first screen of the Add Bluetooth Connection wizard:
• Select a Service: Choose the type of connection that will be established. The specific service
will be selected later, if necessary. If more than one service exists on the selected device (for
example, multiple Bluetooth serial ports), then the Select Bluetooth Service dialog box
appears. Select the specific service to be used, and then click the OK button.
• Select a device that provides the service: Choose the device that will provide the service. To
refresh the list of devices displayed, click the Search Devices… button.
• (Optional) Require secure encrypted connection: Click to enable authentication and
encryption for this connection. This is recommended if you are planning to transmit sensitive
(or personal) data. If you choose this option, clicking the Next> button will open the following
security screen:
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To establish a paired relationship with the remote device while using this wizard, enter your
Personal Identification Number in the PIN Code field of the security screen, and then click the
Next> button.
Note: To establish the paired relationship with the remote device the first time this connection
is used, leave the PIN Code field blank in the security screen, and click the Next button. The
Security screen will not appear if the devices have been paired.
Click the Next> button to continue.
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On the last screen:
•
•
Connection Name: Update the name of the connection (if necessary).
Set default Bluetooth device: Check to make this the default device.
Click the Finish button to close the wizard.
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Chapter 6. Bluetooth Services
Frequently used Bluetooth operations are accessible from the Bluetooth icon in the Windows system
tray (bottom right corner of the desktop). Right-click on the icon to reveal:
•
•
•
Explore: opens My Bluetooth Places. See
Chapter 4 for more information.
Setup: define security and configuration settings.
See Chapter 3 for details.
Services: calls Connection Wizard or initiates
specific data transfer operations. See Chapter 5
for more information.
The screen images shown in this chapter reflect Windows XP. If you are using another version of
Windows, your screens may be different.
BUSINESS CARD EXCHANGE
From the Windows system tray icon, right-click
Services from the pop-up menu and then choose
Business Card Exchange.
The Business Card Exchange dialog box will
open.
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To send an electronic business card:
4. Select a device from the list.
5. From the drop-down menu, choose Send, Receive or Exchange.
6. Click the OK button to perform the action. If this button doesn’t appear, verify that
one of the devices is selected from the list above.
This information exchange service sends and receives electronic business cards (*.vcf and *.vcd) to
and from another Bluetooth device, such as a personal digital assistant (PDA) or notebook computer.
There are three types of actions:
• Send: sends an object to another device.
•
Receive: requests an object from another device.
•
Exchange: sends a client object and receives a server object.
The default location of your business card and the location where received items are placed can be
configured in the Bluetooth Configuration Panel.
BLUETOOTH SERIAL PORT
The Bluetooth Serial Port service allows two Bluetooth devices to establish a wireless connection
through virtual communications ports and then use that connection as if it were a hardwired serial
cable between the devices.
From the Windows system tray icon, right-click Services from the pop-up menu and then choose
Bluetooth Serial Port. The Business Card Exchange dialog box will open.
To establish a Bluetooth serial port connection, initiate a connection from the client:
1. On the client, in the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, select Entire
Bluetooth Neighborhood.
2. In the right pane of Entire Bluetooth Neighborhood, right-click anywhere
except on a device name and select Refresh from the pop-up menu.
3. In the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, right-click the server you want to
establish a connection with and select Discover Available Services from
the pop-up menu to update the available services list. The available services
will be displayed in the right pane of My Bluetooth Places.
4. In the right pane of My Bluetooth Places, double-click Bluetooth Serial Port.
A dialog box appears that contains the communications port number
assigned to this connection by the client. The application that will use this
connection must be configured to send data to this port.
Depending on the security configuration, the dialog box that provides communications port
information may not appear until after authentication and authorization have been accomplished. The
application on the server must be configured to use the correct communications port.
To determine the communications port being used by the service:
On the server, in the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, right-click My Device and select
Properties from the pop-up menu.
In the Bluetooth Configuration Panel, select the Local Services tab.
Double-click the Bluetooth Serial Port service to display its Service Properties dialog box. This
dialog box shows the communications port the connection is using.
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DIAL-UP NETWORKING
The Dial-up Networking service permits a Bluetooth client to use a modem that is physically
connected to a different Bluetooth device (the server). After the Bluetooth wireless connection is
established the client can use the server’s modem as if it were a local device on the client.
To establish a Dial-up Networking session from the client:
1. On the client, in the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, select Entire
Bluetooth Neighborhood.
2. In the right pane of Entire Bluetooth Neighborhood, right-click anywhere
except on a device name and select Refresh from the pop-up menu.
3. In the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, right-click the server that will
provide the Dial-up Networking Service and select Discover Available
Services from the pop-up menu to update the available services list. The
available services will be displayed in the right pane of My Bluetooth Places.
4. In the right pane of My Bluetooth Places, double-click Dial-up Networking.
5. In the Connect To dialog box, fill in your user name, password, and the
phone number to be dialed, and then click the Dial button. Select the Save
password check box and the dialog box will not appear for subsequent
connections to the same phone number.
You can now open a web browser and connect to the Internet.
To close a Dial-up Networking connection:
1. On the client, in the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, select (highlight) the device that is
providing the Dial-up Networking service.
2. In the right pane of My Bluetooth Places, right-click Dial-up Networking and then select
Disconnect Dial-up Networking from the pop-up menu.
FAX
The Fax service allows a Bluetooth client to wirelessly send a fax using a device that is physically
attached to a Bluetooth server.
To send a Fax (initiated from the client):
1. On the client, in the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, select Entire Bluetooth
Neighborhood.
2. In the right pane of Entire Bluetooth Neighborhood, right-click anywhere except on a device
name and select Refresh from the pop-up menu.
3. In the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, right-click the server that will provide the Fax
service and select Discover Available Services from the pop-up menu to update the
available services list. The available services will be displayed in the right pane of My
Bluetooth Places.
4. In the right pane of My Bluetooth Places, double-click Fax.
After the Fax connection is established, open or create the document to be faxed and use the Print or
Send to Fax Recipient option available in most applications. The Fax connection closes
automatically when the transmission is complete.
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FILE TRANSFER
The File Transfer service allows one Bluetooth device to perform file operations on the default File
Transfer directory (and the folders and files it contains) of another Bluetooth device.
On the machine from which the File Transfer service will be used:
1. In the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, select Entire Bluetooth Neighborhood.
2. In the right pane of Entire Bluetooth Neighborhood, right-click anywhere except on a device
name and select Refresh from the pop-up menu.
3. In the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, right-click the device you want to transfer files
with and select Discover Available Services from the pop-up menu to update the available
services list. The available services will be displayed in the right pane of My Bluetooth
Places.
4. Still in the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, click the plus ( + ) sign in front of Public
Folder to expand that folder. If there are additional folders inside the expanded folder then
those additional folders may have to be expanded. Folder contents are displayed in the right
pane of My Bluetooth Places.
In the right pane of My Bluetooth Places, right-click a folder item and select an option from the pop-up
menu. A dialog box (the title varies, depending on the operation being carried out) appears and the
status line (bottom of the dialog box) indicates the operational to be carried out:
• Open files (using the associated application) or folders (expanded to show their contents)
•
Print files by sending the selected server file to the client’s default printer.
•
Send files to 3.5” Floppy Drive (client’s diskette drive) or My Shared Folder (client’s default
File Transfer folder).
•
Cut files transfers to the Windows clipboard. When the clipboard contents are pasted to a
new location, the originally selected file(s) on the server are deleted.
•
Copy files transfers to the Windows clipboard.
•
Delete files removes selected file(s) and/or folder(s) on the server.
•
Rename files changes an empty folder’s name.
•
Properties displays the file or folder’s properties dialog box.
Depending upon the context of the menu, these additional options may appear:
• Update: updates the contents of a folder.
•
New Folder: creates a new folder on the server.
•
Abort FTP Operation: stops an in-process File Transfer operation.
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INFORMATION EXCHANGE
The Information Exchange service provides a way to send and receive Microsoft Outlook items to and
from another Bluetooth device, such as a Personal Digital Assistant or notebook computer.
The supported Outlook items are:
• Business cards (*.vcf and *.vcd)
•
Calendar entries (*.vcs)
•
Notes (*.vnt)
•
Messages (*.vmg)
There are three types of operations:
• Send—sends an object to another device.
•
Receive—requests an object from another device.
•
Exchange—sends a client object and receives a server object.
The default location of your business card and the location where received items are placed can be
configured in the Bluetooth Configuration Panel.
To send, receive or exchange an object from the client:
1. In the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, right-click the Inbox icon of the remote device.
2. Select an option from the pop-up menu.
Business cards are sent, received or exchanged without further intervention. To send Calendar Items,
Notes, and Messages, navigate to the folder that contains the item you want to send, select the item,
and then click Open.
NETWORK ACCESS
The Network Access service permits a Bluetooth client to use a LAN connection that is physically
attached to another Bluetooth device (the server). Possible Network Access servers include:
Bluetooth-enabled computers that have a hardwired Ethernet connection.
Stand-alone Bluetooth Network Access Points.
The Bluetooth server must be specifically configured to provide the Network Access service.
After a Bluetooth device is configured as a Network Access server it cannot act as a Network Access
client without being re-configured.
To configure network access for Windows 2000 on the server side:
1. From the Windows Control Panel select Network and Dial-up Connections.
2. Right-click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties.
3. From the Sharing tab, select Enable Internet Connection Sharing for this connection and
click OK.
4. Click the YES button in the confirmation dialog box to enable Internet connection sharing.
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To configure network access for Windows 98SE and Windows Me on the server side:
Note: Internet Protocol (IP) routing software is required on Windows 98SE and Windows Me servers;
a trial version of WinRoute Lite may be downloaded from the Tiny Software
(http://www.tinysoftware.com). Asanté is not able to provide support for IP routing software. Please
contact your software vendor (e.g., Tiny Software) for assistance.
1. From the Windows Control Panel, double-click the Network icon.
2. On the Configuration tab, select TCP/IP-> Bluetooth LAN Access Server Driver
(scroll down if necessary).
3. Click Properties and select the IP Address tab.
4. Select Specify an IP address.
5. Enter an IP Address (suggested value: 192.168.123.1) and a Subnet Mask
(suggested value: 255.255.255.0).
6. Click OK buttons twice to close the dialog boxes.
7. Click YES to restart your computer.
If you are using WinRoute, you will need to configure the software:
8. In the Windows system tray, right-click the WinRoute icon and select
Administration.…
9. On the Settings tab, select 2nd network adapter.
10. From the Network adapter drop-down list choose any adapter other than the
Asanté FriendlyNET adapter and click the Settings button.
11. On the DHCP tab, in the Adapter drop-down list, select the Asanté FriendlyNET
FBT100 adapter (or equivalent).
12. Select Enable DHCP Server.
13. Fill in the client IP address range fields using these suggestions:
• From: 210
• To: 240
14. Click OK and then minimize (do not close) the WinRoute Administration
configuration panel.
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INFORMATION SYNCHRONIZATION
The Information Synchronization service is used to synchronize information (e.g., a Personal
Information Manager database) between a Bluetooth client and a Bluetooth server. Asanté Bluetooth
services supports synchronization with devices that support IrMC v1.1 and exchange the v2.1 vCard
format. The first time Information Synchronization is used with a new application it may take a few
minutes to synchronize the database; the data from both devices must be merged, duplicate entries
deleted, and then the updated database copied back to both devices.
Subsequent uses of Information Synchronization, for the same application, are much faster—only the
changes that have been made since the databases were last synchronized must be exchanged.
Microsoft Outlook is the only Personal Information Manager supported in this release. Outlook
permits duplicate entries, so all duplicates may not be exchanged in the synchronization process.
Only Outlook’s default contacts folder is synchronized. Items in sub-folders are not synchronized.
Items that are moved from the default folder to a sub-folder will appear to have been deleted the next
synchronization takes place.
To use Information Synchronization:
1. On the client, in the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, select Entire
Bluetooth Neighborhood.
2. In the right pane of Entire Bluetooth Neighborhood, right-click anywhere except
on a device name and select Refresh from the pop-up menu.
3. In the Folders pane of My Bluetooth Places, right-click the server you want to
synchronize with and select Discover Available Services from the pop-up menu
to update the available services list. The available services will be displayed in
the right pane of My Bluetooth Places.
4. In the right pane of My Bluetooth Places, double-click Information
Synchronization.
5. A dialog box displays synchronization progress and, when the process is
complete, indicates that synchronization has successfully completed.
The connection closes automatically when synchronization is complete.
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Chapter 7. Windows Security
Since Bluetooth transmits information wirelessly, Asanté recommends turning on security when
handling sensitive and personal data communications. This chapter describes how to enable all
security settings for all Asanté Bluetooth services for Windows. The screen images shown in this
chapter reflect Windows XP. If you are using another version of Windows, your screens may be
different.
INTRODUCTION
Each service that the server provides can be configured to require:
• Authorization: the server operator must acknowledge all connection attempts before a
connection is established.
•
Authentication: the server requires a Personal Identification Number (PIN, also referred to as
a “passkey”) code or a Link Key before a connection is established.
•
Encryption: all data sent between the Bluetooth client and Bluetooth server is encrypted. The
encryption key is based on the Authentication Link Key; Encryption requires that
Authentication be enabled.
The default security setting for Authorization, Authentication and Encryption is disabled. Devices can
also be paired; a process that eliminates the need to enter a PIN code every time access is
attempted.
AUTHENTICATION
Authentication is used to verify identity; it requires a passkey or Link Key from the remote device.
When a remote device attempts access, a visual and/or audio warning notifies the local operator.
The local operator can open a dialog box that provides:
• The user-friendly name of the device attempting access.
•
A place for the user to enter a Bluetooth passkey.
The user of the remote system must enter the identical passkey or access is denied. If the notification
is ignored, access is denied after a preset timeout. When devices are “paired”, those devices
automatically exchange a Link Key and Authentication is carried out without operator intervention.
AUTHORIZATION
Authorization is Boolean; it’s either yes or no. A visual and/or audio warning alerts the server operator
that a remote device is attempting to connect. The server operator responds by clicking the Bluetooth
icon in the Windows system tray to open a dialog box that displays:
• The user-friendly name of the device attempting to connect.
•
The local service to which the remote device is attempting to connect.
The user may grant or deny access to the service by clicking an on-screen button. If the server
operator ignores the Authorization notification access will be denied after a preset timeout.
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ENCRYPTION
Encrypting translates data into an unreadable format using a secret key or password. Decrypting the
data requires the same key or password that was used to encrypt it. Encryption is based on the same
passkey or Link Key that is used for Authentication. If Authentication is not enabled the key is not
available and encryption will not take place.
To enable Encryption for a service:
1. Authentication must also be enabled.
2. Right-click a service name and select Properties from the pop-up menu to
display the Bluetooth Properties dialog box.
3. Select the Encryption option. If Authentication is not enabled it will be
automatically turned on when Encryption is selected.
4. Click the OK button to close the dialog box and apply the change.
LEVELS OF SECURITY
Security for local services may be configured on an individual basis. The configuration options are:
• Startup-Automatic or Manual
•
Authorization
•
Authentication
•
Encryption
To access the security settings for a local service, in the Bluetooth Configuration Panel, from the
Local Services tab, double-click the service name. Bluetooth-enabled devices from different vendors
may handle security in a slightly different manner. Refer to the user's guide for your Bluetooth device
for additional information.
LINK KEY
A Link Key is a unique, internally generated, access code. Link Keys are generated automatically
when devices are Paired or when Authentication is enabled. Link Keys are created by combining:
• The Passkey.
•
The Bluetooth Device Address.
•
An internally generated random number.
PAIRING DEVICES
Pairing allows you to avoid entering access information each time a connection is attempted. Paired
devices share a unique Link Key, which they exchange when connecting. The mate of a pair will
always appear in My Bluetooth Places, even if the mate is not turned on or is out of connection range.
Paired devices remain paired even when:
1. One of the devices is not powered up.
2. A service connection is interrupted or the service is stopped.
3. One or both devices are rebooted.
When Authentication is enabled, devices are paired the first time they attempt to connect, after a
successful passkey exchange. To pair devices before attempting a connection:
1. In the Windows system tray, right-click the
Bluetooth icon, then choose Setup | Security
from the pop-up menu.
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2. The Bluetooth Security dialog box appears and the list of devices in the
vicinity is updated.
3. In the Found Devices pane of the dialog box, click the name of the device to
be paired.
4. Click the Execute Pairing button.
5. In the Bluetooth Passkey Request dialog box, enter your Bluetooth passkey
and click the OK button.
The check box on the main screen, when selected, permits all services to connect without
Authorization. When devices are paired, the configuration information is saved on both devices.
Devices remain paired until the relationship is broken on both devices.
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To break a paired device relationship:
1. In the Windows System Tray, right-click the Bluetooth icon, then Setup | Security from the
pop-up menu.
2. From the Bluetooth Security dialog box, in the Paired Devices list, select a device, click the
Delete button and then click the Done button.
Note: Pairing must be broken on both devices.
PASSKEY
A Passkey is an alphanumeric string up to 16 characters in length. Passkeys are also called PIN
codes (or Personal Identification Numbers). With Asanté Bluetooth, passkeys are used in the
Authentication and Encryption process.
SECURITY REQUEST DIALOG BOX
A Bluetooth Authorization or Bluetooth Passkey Request dialog box may appear (depending on
security settings) when a connection is attempted if either Authorization or Authentication is enabled.
The method of notification depends on the version of Windows:
• Windows 2000, Windows Me, and
Windows XP: a bubble message is
displayed over the Bluetooth icon in
the Windows system tray.
•
Windows 98SE: the Bluetooth icon
in the Windows system tray blinks.
To respond, click the Bluetooth icon in the Windows system tray, then follow the on-screen
instructions. The instructions vary, depending on the security configuration of the system. If the
security notification is ignored the connection request will fail after a preset timeout.
The dialog box asks:
• Device Name: user-friendly name of the device attempting to connect.
•
Request to access: service the remote device is attempting to access.
To respond, click:
OK: allow the connection.
Cancel: deny the connection.
Advanced button: See below for details.
SECURITY REQUEST DIALOG BOX, ADVANCED BUTTON
The check box on the main page of the Bluetooth Authorization and Bluetooth Passkey Request
dialog boxes ("Check this box to ALWAYS allow this device to access ALL the services of your
computer"), when enabled, grants permission (authorizes) to the device attempting to connect to
access all services on this computer when attempting to connect in the future.
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To limit the services the connecting device may use:
5. Click the Advanced button.
6. In the expanded dialog box, select the services that the connecting device is
authorized to use. When a service is selected, that service will NOT require
authorization in the future (no prompt will appear when a connection is
attempted). Regardless of whether the main dialog box is for Authorization or
Authentication, these options pertain to Authorization; they do not affect
Authentication.
7. Click the Authorize or Authenticate button.
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Chapter 8. Windows Troubleshooting
This chapter provides basic troubleshooting tips when using the Asanté Bluetooth software with
Windows.
1. Cannot connect to a paired device
Paired devices are always displayed in My Bluetooth Places, even if the remote device is out
of range or not powered up.
Verify that the remote member of the pair is within radio range and powered up and then
attempt the connection again.
2. Cannot discover services on an un-paired remote device
The remote device may not be powered up or may be out of range.
Verify that the remote device is powered up.
Verify that the remote device is in Connectable mode (Bluetooth Configuration Panel >
Accessibility tab).
Perform a Search for Devices to verify that the device is within range.
3. Dial-up Networking service does not start
•
•
•
The Dial-up Networking service will not start unless a properly configured modem is attached
to the server.
Verify that the modem is usable as a local device from the server.
In the Bluetooth Configuration Panel choose the Local Services tab. Double-click Dial-up
Networking service. Click the down arrow in the Modem field and select the modem that will
be used to dial out. Click the OK button twice to close the Bluetooth Configuration Panel.
4. How do I determine the Bluetooth Device Address (BDA) of my hardware device?
•
In the Bluetooth Configuration Panel, on the Hardware tab, in the Devices section, select the
device you want to determine the address of. In the Device Properties section of the dialog
box, the fourth entry, Device Address, is the BDA of the selected Bluetooth device.
5. How do I determine the version number of the Bluetooth Specification that
the Host Controller Interface (HCI) complies with?
•
•
In the Bluetooth Configuration Panel, on the Hardware tab, in the Device Properties section,
the fifth entry provides Bluetooth Specification compliance information for the Host Controller
Interface.
The sixth entry contains the Specification Revision information for the Host Controller
Interface, if appropriate.
6. How do I determine the version number of the Link Manager Protocol (LMP)?
•
•
In the Bluetooth Configuration Panel, on the Hardware tab, in the Device Properties section,
the seventh entry provides Link Manager Protocol version number information.
The eighth entry contains the Link Manager Protocol sub-version number information, if
appropriate.
7. How Do I find information about the Bluetooth hardware attached to my computer?
•
In the Bluetooth Configuration Panel, select the Hardware tab.
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8. How do I test a Network Access connection?
•
•
•
If the client is hardwired to the LAN, unplug the hardwired connection to ensure that the test
checks the wireless connection rather than the hardwired connection.
If the server has access to the Internet, open a browser on the client and connect to the web.
You may also ping the server from the DOS prompt.
9. Why do I get an Unknown Port message when I attempt to use a Bluetooth Serial Port?
•
•
The “Unknown Port” error message usually means an attempt was made to connect a port
that was in use.
Additional Bluetooth serial ports can be added if they are required.
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Appendix A. Glossary of Terms
BD Addr
Bluetooth Device Address
BDA
Bluetooth Device Address
Device Inquiry
The process of searching for other Bluetooth devices.
DHCP
Dynamic Host Control Protocol-when enabled, connecting devices are
assigned an Internet Protocol (IP) address by the server.
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
HCI
Host Controller Interface
IrDA
Infrared Data Association
IrMC
Infrared Mobile Communications
Link Key
An internally generated unique security key that is exchanged by paired
devices as proof of identity before a connection is established.
LMP
Link Manager Protocol--used by Bluetooth for internal communications.
Me
Millennium Edition, as in Microsoft Windows Me
PDA
Personal Digital Assistant, like the Palm Pilot and Compaq iPAQ
Page Scan Mode
A Bluetooth mode in which a server is actively listening (scanning) for a client
to "page" it. The server then answers the page and attempts to set up a
connection with the paging device (the client).
PIM
Personal Information Manager--an application, such as Microsoft Outlook,
that is used to manage contacts, keep track of phone numbers, etc.
PIN
Personal Identification Number, also referred to as a "passkey" or
"password."
SE
Second Edition, as in Microsoft Windows 98SE
Service Discovery
The process of determining the services that a Bluetooth server provides.
System Tray
The Windows system tray is usually located in the lower-right corner of the
desktop
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Appendix B. Learning More About Bluetooth
Asanté is pleased to be an official member of the Bluetooth SIG (Special Interest Group). The
organization’s official website is http://www.bluetooth.com .
Bluetooth is a wireless specification that supports data and voice-centric applications. The radio
operates in an unlicensed 2.4 GHz radio spectrum around the world. The signals use a spread
spectrum, frequency hopping (up to 1600 hops/second), full-duplex signal. With 79 frequencies at 1
MHz intervals, Bluetooth provides a high degree of signal integrity and can share the same frequency
spectrum with IEEE 802.11b Wi-Fi devices and even microwave ovens!
These independent website may provide helpful information about Bluetooth:
http://www.apple.com/bluetooth
http://www.palowireless.com/bluetooth
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